TOULOUSE, NOBILITY

  v3.0 Updated 30 May 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 3

Chapter 1.                COMTES d'AGDE. 4

A.         COMTES d'AGDE.. 4

B.         VICOMTES de BEZIERS et d´AGDE.. 5

C.        VICOMTES de BEZIERS (VICOMTES d'ALBI) 10

Chapter 2.                COMTES d'ALBI 23

A.         COMTES d'ALBI 23

B.         VICOMTES d'ALBI (FAMILY of ATON) 25

C.        VICOMTES de BRUNIQUEL. 31

D.        SEIGNEURS de CASTRES (MONTFORT) 36

E.         VICOMTES de LAUTREC.. 42

F.         VICOMTES de SAINT-ANTONIN.. 55

G.        VICOMTES de TOULOUSE.. 58

Chapter 3.                COMTES de CARCASSONNE. 61

A.         COMTES de CARCASSONNE et de RAZES [812]-[933] 62

B.         COMTES de CARCASSONNE (FAMILY of COMTES de COMMINGES) 66

C.        VICOMTES de CARCASSONNE, VICOMTES de COUSERANS.. 76

D.        SEIGNEURS de DURFORT. 77

E.         VICOMTES de MINERVE.. 79

F.         SEIGNEURS de TERMES.. 85

Chapter 4.                COMTES de COMMINGES. 87

Chapter 5.                COMTES de FOIX. 105

A.         COMTES de FOIX (COMTES de CARCASSONNE) 105

B.         SEIGNEURS de SAVERDUN, later SEIGNEURS de RABAT. 130

C.        COMTES de FOIX (GRAILLY) 133

D.        SEIGNEURS de GRAILLY.. 139

E.         SEIGNEURS de MIREPOIX.. 144

Chapter 6.                COMTES de GEVAUDAN. 152

Chapter 7.                COMTES de MELGUEIL. 161

A.         COMTES de SUBSTANTION et de MELGUEIL. 161

B.         COMTES de MELGUEIL (NARBONNE-PELET, SEIGNEURS d'ALÈS) 171

C.        SEIGNEURS de CASTRIES.. 174

D.        VICOMTES de LODEVE.. 179

E.         SEIGNEURS de LODEVE.. 181

F.         SEIGNEURS de MONTPELLIER.. 182

G.        SEIGNEURS de SALVAING.. 206

H.        VICOMTES de SUBSTANTION.. 208

Chapter 8.                COMTES de NARBONNE. 208

A.         COMTES de NARBONNE.. 208

B.         VICOMTES de NARBONNE [900]-924. 209

C.        VICOMTES de NARBONNE 924-1175. 212

D.        VICOMTES de NARBONNE 1175-1423 (LARA) 227

E.         VICOMTES de NARBONNE 1423-1447 (TINIERES) 238

Chapter 9.                COMTES de NÎMES. 239

A.         COMTES de NÎMES.. 239

B.         VICOMTES de NÎMES.. 240

Chapter 10.              COMTES de QUERCY. 241

A.         COMTES de QUERCY.. 241

B.         VICOMTES de CAHORS.. 243

Chapter 10.              COMTES de ROUERGUE, COMTES de RODEZ. 244

A.         COMTES de ROUERGUE.. 244

B.         COMTES de RODEZ (VICOMTES de MILLAU) 254

C.        VICOMTES de MILLAU.. 266

D.        VICOMTES de ROUERGUE.. 270

Chapter 12.              COMTES d'UZES. 272

A.         COMTES et VICOMTES d'UZES.. 272

B.         SEIGNEURS d'UZES.. 273

C.        SEIGNEURS d'ALES (NARBONNE-PELET) 277

D.        SEIGNEURS d'ANDUZE.. 278

E.         SEIGNEURS de POSQUIERES.. 292

Chapter 13.              OTHER TOULOUSE NOBILITY. 295

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

Apart from the county of Toulouse itself, during the 9th to 12th centuries the counts of Toulouse extended their jurisdiction over the counties of Albi, Quercy and Rouergue/Rodez to the east and north of Toulouse, the county of Comminges to the west, the counties of Agde/Béziers, Carcassonne/Narbonne, Foix, Melgueil/Substantion to the south-east, and the counties of Gévaudan, Nîmes and Uzès further to the east.  This situation, where a count was suzerain of other counts, was unique at that time in medieval France, although the county of Champagne later developed along similar lines.  The process was achieved in three stages.  Firstly, during the mid-9th century, the counties of Albi and Rouergue passed to the comtes deToulouse, either by inheritance or grant.  Secondly, in [918] the comtes de Toulouse succeeded to the marquisate of Gothie (Septimanie), which had controlled much of Languedoc-Roussillon.  In the case of the counties within the marquisate, the other counts were therefore vassals of the comte de Toulouse in his capacity as marquis de Gothie, although that title had fallen into disuse by the end of the 10th century.  Lastly, the counts of Toulouse inherited the marquisate of Provence at the end of the 11th century, extending their jurisdiction eastwards. 

 

Each of these counties is dealt with in a separate chapter in the present document.  Background information on each group of noble families is included in the introduction to each chapter. 

 

An earlier version of this document was reviewed in detail by Jean-Claude Chuat, whose contributions are marked "[J.-C. Chuat]" in the end-notes.  I am grateful for his helpful collaboration. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    COMTES d'AGDE

 

 

A.      COMTES d'AGDE

 

 

The history of the county of Agde is obscure.  The cartulary of Agde, which includes 137 charters dated between 824 and 1147, refers to the "comitatu Agathense" in nearly every document but there is no mention of a "Comte d'Agde".  An isolated reference has been found to Count Apollonius dated to 872.  It is assumed that, during this period, the bishop of Agde acquired and maintained temporal power in the county, acting through the vicomtes d´Agde (who were also vicomtes de Béziers), although it has not been possible to confirm this hypothesis from the primary sources which have so far been consulted during the preparation of the present document.  Some time during the mid-10th century, it is likely that the county of Agde fell under the influence of the comtes de Rouergue, as indicated by a charter dated 2 Jul 972 which records a hearing at Nîmes by "Raymondus comes et marchio" relating to "ecclesiam Sancti Martini…in comitatu Agatense"[1], although it is not entirely certain whether the document refers to Raymond [II] Comte de Rouergue or to the shadowy Raymond IV Comte de Toulouse.  On the death in [1063/64] of Berthe, grand-daughter of Comte Raymond [II], without direct heirs, the counties within the sphere of influence of the comtes de Rouergue (assessed to be Agde/Béziers, Narbonne, Rouergue and Uzès) reverted to Guillaume IV Comte de Toulouse.  Comte Guillaume IV is referred to as "Guillelmus Tolonanensium, Albensium seu Caturcensium, Lutevensium, Petragorensium, Carcassonensium, Aginnensium necne Astarachensium comes et dux" in a charter dated 16 Jun 1080 by which he confirmed earlier donations to the abbey of Saint-Pons de Thomières[2].  The extent of the influence of the comtes de Toulouse in the county of Agde must have been limited in the early 12th century, as demonstrated by Bernard Vicomte de Béziers swearing allegiance to the Bishop of Agde, not the comte de Toulouse, under a charter dated [1101][3].  The end of the semi-autonomous vicomté d´Agde can probably be dated to 2 May 1214 when Bernard Athon [VI] Vicomte de Nîmes et d´Agde transferred his vicomtés to Simon de Montfort[4].  When the titles and counties held by the latter reverted to the comtes de Toulouse in 1217, it is assumed that whatever temporal power he enjoyed in the county of Agde was also transferred. 

 

 

1.         APOLLONIUS (-after 23 Sep 872).  Comte d´Agde.  "Apollonius comes" donated property to the church of Agde by charter dated 23 Sep 872[5]

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES de BEZIERS et d´AGDE

 

 

The town of Beziers was governed by a vicomte from the mid-9th century.  No references have yet been found to “comtes” de Beziers and it is assumed that the area never evolved as a separate county but formed part of the county of Agde, probably under the suzerainty of the bishop of Agde as discussed in the Introduction to this chapter.  Another possibility is that the vicomte de Béziers may have been vassals of the comtes de Carcassonne, as a charter dated 1007 refers to a donation to "Raimundo comiti", identified as the comte de Carcassonne[6], although it is of course possible that the vicomte owed allegiance both to the bishop and to the comte for different territories within his vicomté

 

The family relationship. if any, between the first seven vicomtes de Béziers shown below cannot be traced.  However, the repetition of the names Rainard and Guillaume suggests that they may have been related, although it cannot be assumed that this was through a straight father-to-son agnatic line.  On the death in 1067 of Raymond Roger [II] Comte de Carcassonne, the vicomté of Beziers was inherited by Raymond Roger´s sister Ermengarde who married Raymond Bernard "Trencavel" Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes.  Subsequent vicomtes de Béziers are shown in Part C of the present chapter.  Early in the 11th century, the vassal relationship of the vicomtes de Beziers appears to have changed, as "Bernardus vicecomes" swore allegiance to Bernard Bishop of Agde under a charter dated [1101][7].  There is no indication in the cartulary precisely how or when the change may have occurred.  The family of the vicomtes de Béziers became extinct in the male line with the death in 1263 of Vicomte Trencavel, when the vicomté was transferred to the French kingdom in accordance with an agreement made by the last vicomte in 1247. 

 

 

1.         [ANTOINE, son of [WANDREGISIL of Aquitaine & his wife Marie ---] (-after 30 Jan 845).  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (possibly spurious, as explained in the Introduction) names "Bernarthi…Athonis nunc Palliavensis comitis…Antonii hodie vicecomitis Bitterrensis…idemque Asinarii nunc etiam Lupiniacensis ac Solensis vicecomitis" as sons of "Vandregisilus comes consanguineus noster…" & his wife[8].  The name "Antoine" is atypical of the time and it is possible that this person never existed.  Vicomte de Beziers.  “Antonii vicecomitis Bitterensis” is named as founder of the abbey of Saint-Antoine de Lezat in an oration of the abbey[9]m ADOIRA, daughter of ---.  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (possibly spurious, as explained in the Introduction) names "Adoyra" as wife of "Antonii hodie vicecomitis Bitterrensis"[10].] 

 

 

2.         RAINARD [I] (-[Jul/Dec] 897).  Carloman King of the West Franks granted "Aspiranum et Albinianum villas in Biterrensi pago sitas…et ecclesiam…sancti Felicis…in villa Calobrice" to "fidelum nostrum Rainardum" who donated property to the church of Agde by charter dated 29 Aug 881[11]Vicomte de Béziers.  "Fructuarium…Bitterensis ecclesiæ episcopum" exchanged property "in comitatu Avinionensi…villam…Tavellis cum ecclesiis Sancti Petri…et Sancti Ferreoli" with "Rainardum eiusdem comitatus vicecomitem et uxoris eius Didam" in return for "villam…Aspiranum cum ecclesia Sancti Romani…et in villare Albiniano" by charter dated 16 Jul 897, subscribed by "Arsindis, Bosoni…"[12]m DIDA, daughter of --- (-after 897).  "Fructuarium…Bitterensis ecclesiæ episcopum" exchanged property "in comitatu Avinionensi…villam…Tavellis cum ecclesiis Sancti Petri…et Sancti Ferreoli" with "Rainardum eiusdem comitatus vicecomitem et uxoris eius Didam" in return for "villam…Aspiranum cum ecclesia Sancti Romani…et in villare Albiniano" by charter dated 16 Jul 897[13]

 

3.         BOSON (-[920/Mar 924]).  "Arsindis, Bosoni…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Jul 897 under which "Fructuarium…Bitterensis ecclesiæ episcopum" exchanged property "in comitatu Avinionensi…villam…Tavellis cum ecclesiis Sancti Petri…et Sancti Ferreoli" with "Rainardum eiusdem comitatus vicecomitem et uxoris eius Didam" in return for "villam…Aspiranum cum ecclesia Sancti Romani…et in villare Albiniano"[14].  It is possible that "Bosoni" was the same person who is recorded as Rainard [I]´s successor as Vicomte de Béziers.  The fact that his name follows "Arsindis" in the list of subscribers suggests that she was considered more senior in rank.  One explanation could be that Arsinde was the daughter of Vicomte Rainard [I] and Boson was her husband.  Vicomte de Béziers et d'Agde.  A charter dated 897 records an enquiry made by "Boso vicecomes Biterrensis et Agathensis"[15]Gallia Christiana refers to a dispute litigated “coram Bosone vicecomite” between Aimery abbé de Béziers Saint-Jacques and “Ario” dated 908, but provides no citation reference[16]Gallia Christiana refers to a dispute litigated “coram Bosone vicecomite et Reginardo Biterrensi episcopo” between Adaulf abbé de Béziers Saint-Jacques and “Odonis” dated 920, but provides no citation reference[17]

 

4.         TEUDON (-after 19 Mar 933).  Vicomte [de Béziers].  “Teudo vicecomes, Odo...” subscribed the charter dated Mar 924 under which “Rodlandus” donated “villa“ to Rainard Bishop of Agde[18].  "Teudo et Odo vicecomites" donated property to the church of Béziers Saint-Nazaire as executors of the testament of "quondam domni Reginardi episcopi Biterrensis" by charter dated 19 Mar 933[19]

 

5.         EUDES (-after 19 Mar 933).  The linking of Eudes with Teudon in the two sources in which they are named suggests that they may have been closely related, maybe brothers.  “Teudo vicecomes, Odo...” subscribed the charter dated Mar 924 under which “Rodlandus” donated “villa“ to Rainard Bishop of Agde[20]Vicomte [de Béziers].  "Teudo et Odo vicecomites" donated property to the church of Béziers Saint-Nazaire as executors of the testament of "quondam domni Reginardi episcopi Biterrensis" by charter dated 19 Mar 933[21]

 

6.         GUILLAUME [I] (-after 3 Nov 956).  Vicomte [d'Agde].  "Rainardo, Guillelmo vice comite…" subscribed the charter dated 3 Nov 956 under which "Udalfreda…et…filia mea Berta" donated property "in regno Provincie, in comitatu Venaxino, in villa Beduino…et in villa Vacidolo", naming "viro meo Gaucelino"[22]

 

 

1.         RAINARD [II] (-[6 Mar 967/23 Oct 969], bur Béziers Saint-Jacques).  Vicomte de Béziers.  The testament of "Raymundus comes", dated 961, bequeathed "alode, quæ de Segenno acquisivi, quod Raynardus vicecomes Biterrensis habet a feo" to "Bertanæ"[23].  "Rainardus vicecomes" signed a charter dated 6 Mar 967 under which "Aldo et uxor mea Sesenauda" exchanged property with Bernard Bishop of Béziers[24].  A charter dated 23 Oct 969 records the execution of the testament of "Reginardi vicecomitis" by his executors "…Garsindis vicecomitissa…", specifying that the testator requested burial "ad ecclesiam Sancti Jacobi", with the consent of "Willelmus vicecomes"[25]m GARSINDE, daughter of --- (-after 23 Oct 969).  A charter dated 23 Oct 969 records the execution of the testament of "Reginardi vicecomitis" by his executors "…Garsindis vicecomitissa…", specifying that the testator requested burial "ad ecclesiam Sancti Jacobi", with the consent of "Willelmus vicecomes"[26].  Rainard [II] & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         [GUILLAUME [II] ([945]-after 21 Jul 1007).  The proof that Guillaume [II] was the son of Rainard [II] has not been found.  However, his consent to the execution of his supposed father´s testament, and his naming his daughter after his supposed mother, strongly suggest that the affiliation is correct.  "Diaz, femina, et vir meus Isimbertus consentiens" donated property "in comitatu Agathensi in…villa Pineto", specifying that the property came to them "ex commutatione de Guillelmo vicecomite et de uxore sua Ermetructes", by charter dated 7 Apr 967[27]Vicomte de Béziers.  A charter dated 23 Oct 969 records the execution of the testament of "Reginardi vicecomitis" by his executors "…Garsindis vicecomitissa…", specifying that the testator requested burial "ad ecclesiam Sancti Jacobi", with the consent of "Willelmus vicecomes"[28].  "Willelmus vicecomes et uxor mea Ermetructis vicecomitissa" donated property "in comitatu Biterrense villa…Lignano" to the church of Béziers by charter dated 24 Aug 977[29].  "Willelmo vicecomite" is named as present in the charter dated 20 Sep 983 which publishes the testament of Pons[30].  "Dominus Willelmus vicecomes Biterrensis", on leaving on pilgrimage for Rome, and "uxor sua Arsindis" relinquished claims in favour of the abbey of Saint-Thibéry by charter dated 28 Feb 990[31].  The testament of "Guillelmus vicecomes", dated 990, appointed "…Arsindis vicecomitissa…" among his executors and named "filia sua Garsindis…filia mea Senegundis"[32].  "Guillelmus vicecomes et uxor mea…Arsindis" exchanged property with Matfred Bishop of Béziers by charter dated 17 Aug 994[33].  "Ratulfus et uxor mea Lugrizia…" gave property "in comitatu Agathense in villa Almas" to "Raimundo comiti et uxore tue Garsindi comitisse" by charter dated 21 Jul 1007, which also names "Guillelmo vicecomes" but gives no indication of any relationship between the latter and Garsindis[34]m firstly ERMENTRUDE, daughter of --- (-after 24 Aug 977).  "Diaz, femina, et vir meus Isimbertus consentiens" donated property "in comitatu Agathensi in…villa Pineto", specifying that the property came to them "ex commutatione de Guillelmo vicecomite et de uxore sua Ermetructes", by charter dated 7 Apr 967[35].  "Willelmus vicecomes et uxor mea Ermetructis vicecomitissa" donated property "in comitatu Biterrense villa…Lignano" to the church of Béziers by charter dated 24 Aug 977[36]m secondly (before 28 Feb 990) ARSINDE, daughter of --- (965-after 12 Aug 993).  "Dominus Willelmus vicecomes Biterrensis", on leaving on pilgrimage for Rome, and "uxor sua Arsindis" relinquished claims in favour of the abbey of Saint-Thibéry by charter dated 28 Feb 990[37].  No primary source has been identified which confirms her parentage.  The testament of "Guillelmus vicecomes", dated 990, appointed "…Arsindis vicecomitissa…" among his executors and named "filia sua Garsindis…filia mea Senegundis"[38].  "Guillelmus vicecomes et uxor mea…Arsindis" exchanged property with Matfred Bishop of Béziers by charter dated 17 Aug 994[39].  Guillaume [II] & his first wife had two children: 

i)          GARSINDIS de Béziers (975-after 29 Sep 1043).  The testament of "Guillelmus vicecomes", dated 990, appointed "…Arsindis vicecomitissa…" among his executors and named "filia sua Garsindis…filia mea Senegundis"[40].  "Ratulfus et uxor mea Lugrizia…" gave property "in comitatu Agathense in villa Almas" to "Raimundo comiti et uxore tue Garsindi comitisse" by charter dated 21 Jul 1007, which also names "Guillelmo vicecomes" but gives no indication of any relationship between the latter and Garsindis[41].  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 26 Jun 1070 under which “Remundus Bernardi vicecomes cognomento Trencaveis et Ermengardis vicecomitissa conjux mea, filia…Rangardis comitissæ” transferred property to “Raimundo comiti Barcheonæ et Almodi comitissæ coniugi tuæ et filio vestro Raymundo Berengarii” which names “Guillermus vicecomes Biterrensis…avus Petri Raymundi[42].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  A charter dated 28 Jul 1013 records a hearing of a claim by "Richardus per vocem uxoris suæ Senegundis" in Béziers against "Garsindis comitissa" who refers to property granted to her by "pater meus dominus Villelmus vicecomes"[43].  "Bernardus miles, Pelitus et infantes mei episcopi, id est Fredolus, presul et Geiraldus pontifex et Almeradus, et alii infantes mei, Raimundus et Bermundus et mater illorum Garsindis" donated property to Nîmes Notre-Dame by charter dated 20 Oct 1020, subscribed by "…Garsindis comitissa…"[44].  A charter dated 18 Dec 1029 records the foundation of the monastery of Sauve by "Garsindis et filius meus Bremundus et frater eius Almeradus", for the soul of "genitoris nostri Barnardi", in the presence of "Wilelmi comitis Tholosani…Atthonis vicecomitis, et Berengarii, et fratris eius Elisiari de ipso Castro…Emenonis de Sabrano…"[45].  "Garsendis comitissa…et filiis meis Petro et Guillelmo et Bermundo" donated property to Conques, for the souls of "genitoris mei Guillelmi…genetricis meæ et…Bernardi senioris mei et filii mei Remundi et…filiorum meorum Guillelmi, Petroni, Bermundi", by charter dated Aug [1034][46].  "Petrus Raimundi comes" donated property to the church of Béziers, with the advice of "Garsindis comitissæ matri meæ", by charter dated 29 Sep 1043[47].  m firstly (before 990) RAYMOND ROGER I Comte de Carcassonne, son of ROGER I de Comminges Comte de Carcassonne & his wife Adelais de Pons (-before Apr 1011).  m secondly (1013) as his second wife, BERNARD "Pelet" Seigneur d'Anduze, son of ---. 

ii)         SENEGONDE de Béziers ([980]-after 1013).  The testament of "Guillelmus vicecomes", dated 990, appointed "…Arsindis vicecomitissa…" among his executors and named "filia sua Garsindis…filia mea Senegundis"[48].  A charter dated 28 Jul 1013 records a hearing of a claim by "Richardus per vocem uxoris suæ Senegundis" in Béziers against "Garsindis comitissa" who refers to property granted to her by "pater meus dominus Villelmus vicecomes"[49].  The primary source which confirms the identity of Senegonde's mother has not yet been identified, although it is implied from the testament of her father dated 990.  m RICHARD [I] Vicomte de Millau, son of [BERENGER Vicomte de Millau & his wife ---] (-[1013/23]). 

 

 

 

C.      VICOMTES de BEZIERS (VICOMTES d'ALBI)

 

 

BERNARD ATON [IV] d'Albi, son of RAYMOND BERNARD "Trencavel" Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes & his wife Ermengarde de Carcassonne (-1129).  "Ermengardis visce comitissa filia Rangardis" names "filio meo Bernardo Atto" in her charter dated Nov [1097/1107][50].  He succeeded his father in 1074 as Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes.  "Rogerius comes Fuxensis" and "Ermengarda vicecomitissa et…Bernardo Atonis filio eius" settled their disputes about the county of Carcassonne by charter dated 21 Apr 1095[51].  He succeeded his mother in [1099] as Vicomte de Béziers et d'Agde, Vicomte de Carcassonne.  "Bernardus vicecomes filius Ermengardis" swore allegiance to Bernard Bishop of Agde by charter dated [1101][52].  “Bernardus-Attone vicecomes Carcassonæ” swore allegiance to the abbot of la Grasse, in the presence of “filiorum meorum Rogerii et Trenquavilli…”, by charter dated 1110[53].  “Bernardus Atonis vicecomes et uxor eius Cæcilia et filii illorum Rogerius et Raymundus” made an agreement with “Lupete de Biterris et cum fratre suo Bernardus” by charter dated 2 Jun 1114[54].  “Philippæ comitissæ…Emmæ filia” reached agreement with “Bernardus-Atonis filius Ermengardis” by charter dated 1114[55].  A bull of Pope Pascal II dated to [1117] instructed the archbishop of Narbonne to issue an interdict against "Biterrensis vicecomes Bernardus" for having expelled the abbot of Saint-Gilles and erected a castle near the monastery[56].  The first testament of “Bernardus-Atonis vicecomes Carcassonæ”, dated 7 May 1118, names “uxore meæ Cæciliæ”, leaves “Carcassonam et Carcassez et Redas et Redez…Terme et Termenez” to “Rotgerius filius meus” and “in Albi…Albiensi…in comitatu de Roderge aut in Cadurcensi aut in Tolosano aut in Narbonensi…Agde et Agadez et castellum de Pedenas” to “Raymundo Trencavel filio meo[57].  A bull of Pope Calixtus II dated 22 Apr 1122 ordered "Bernardo Biterrensi vicecomiti, Bernardo de Andusia, Raimundo Decano de Poscheriis" to support the abbot and monks of Saint-Gilles against Alphonse Comte de Toulouse and others[58].  “Bernardus-Ato vicecomes et uxor mea Cæcilia vicecomitissa et filii nostri Rogerius et Raimundus et Bernardus” donated property confiscated from the rebels at Carcassonne to “Bernardo de Tresmals” by charter dated 5 Apr 1125[59].  The testament of "Bernardus-Atonis vicecomes Biterrensis", dated 1129, bequeathed "Carcassonam…Redas…Albiam…" to "Rotgerio primogenito filio meo", "Bezer…et Acde…et Cenceno" to "Raimundo Trincavello filio meo", "Nemausum" to "Bernardo filio meo", requested "etiam Rotgerio" to provide dowry for "sororem suam Paganam", and names "Mantilinæ filiæ meæ", witnessed by "Cæcilia vicecomitissa et Raimundo Poscheriarum Decano…"[60]

m (1083) CECILE de Provence, daughter of BERTRAND II Comte de Provence & his wife Mathilde --- (-1150).  The marriage contract between "Bertramnus comes…sua filia" and "Bernardum-Atonem" is dated 1083[61].  "Guillermi nepotis Ermengardis vicecomitissa, Sisiliæ vicecomitissæ de Carcassona" subscribed the charter dated 22 Jun 1101 under which "Ermengardis Biterrensis vicecomitissa simul et Carcassonæ et filius meus Bernardus Ato pariter vicecomes" donated property to the abbey of Lagrasse at the time the latter was proposing a journey to Jerusalem[62].  "Bernardus Ato vicecomes Biterrensis et Carcassensis" donated property to the abbey of Lagrasse by charter dated 21 Mar 1108 subscribed by "Cecilie uxori eius, Rogerii filius eius"[63].  "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes" by charter dated 20 Oct 1146[64].  "Rogerius vicecomes cum consilio matris mee Cecilie" donated "alodium...in territorio...Marnes" to the abbey of Sylvanès by charter dated 1146[65].  "Trencavella filia Cæciliæ Biterrensis vicecomitissæ et…Geraldus filius eiusdem Trencavellæ" donated property to "sanctæ Mariæ Vallismagnæ et Petro abbati" by charter dated 1147, witnessed by “Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ Biterrensis, Trencavellæ eiusdem filiæ, Geraldi vicecomitis de Rossellon filius prædictæ Trencavellæ[66]An epitaph at the monastery of Ardorel records the death of "Caecilia"[67]

Vicomte Bernard Aton [IV] & his wife had seven children: 

1.         ROGER de Béziers (-12 Aug 1150).  "Bernardus Ato vicecomes Biterrensis et Carcassensis" donated property to the abbey of Lagrasse by charter dated 21 Mar 1108 subscribed by "Cecilie uxori eius, Rogerii filius eius"[68].  “Bernardus-Attone vicecomes Carcassonæ” swore allegiance to the abbot of la Grasse, in the presence of “filiorum meorum Rogerii et Trenquavilli…”, by charter dated 1110[69].  “Bernardus Atonis vicecomes et uxor eius Cæcilia et filii illorum Rogerius et Raymundus” made an agreement with “Lupete de Biterris et cum fratre suo Bernardus” by charter dated 2 Jun 1114[70].  The Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis records the visit to Jerusalem of "Vicecomes Biturrensis Raymundus cognomento Trenchavel", stating that he was "frater Rogerii, qui prole caruit, et Bernardis cognomento Atonis"[71].  The Inquisitio circa comitatum Carcassonæ names "Rogerius…major filius Vicecomitis", referring to "Bernardus-Atto vicecomes"[72].  The first testament of “Bernardus-Atonis vicecomes Carcassonæ”, dated 1118, names “uxore meæ Cæciliæ”, leaves “Carcassonam et Carcassez et Redas et Redez…Terme et Termenez” to “Rotgerius filius meus” and “in Albi…Albiensi…in comitatu de Roderge aut in Cadurcensi aut in Tolosano aut in Narbonensi…Agde et Agadez et castellum de Pedenas” to “Raymundo Trencavel filio meo[73].  “Bernardus-Ato vicecomes et uxor mea Cæcilia vicecomitissa et filii nostri Rogerius et Raimundus et Bernardus” donated property confiscated from the rebels at Carcassonne to “Bernardo de Tresmals” by charter dated 5 Apr 1125[74].  The testament of "Bernardus-Atonis vicecomes Biterrensis", dated 1129, bequeathed "Carcassonam…Redas…Albiam…" to "Rotgerio primogenito filio meo"[75]Vicomte de Béziers.  "Rogerius Biterrensis et uxor mea Bernarda vicecomitissa" issued a charter to the church of Carcassonne dated 28 Jun 1146[76].  "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes" by charter dated 20 Oct 1146[77].  "Rogerius vicecomes cum consilio matris mee Cecilie" donated "alodium...in territorio...Marnes" to the abbey of Sylvanès by charter dated 1146[78]The testament of "Rogerius de Biterri" is dated 12 Aug 1150 and names "Raimundo Trencavel fratri meo…Bernardæ vicecomitissæ uxori meæ"[79]m (contract 28 Apr 1139) BERNARDE de Comminges, daughter of BERNARD [I] Comte de Comminges & his wife Dias de Samatan (-after 12 Aug 1150).  Her marriage and parentage are confirmed by the marriage contract dated 28 Apr 1139 under which "Bernardus de Comenge et uxor mea Dias et filii nostri Bernardus de Comenge et Rogerius et Dodo de Samatano" granted property to "Bernardae filiae nostrae et viro tuo Rogerio de Biterri", which also names "Godafredus de Murello…pater meus Petrus Raymundi" as previous owners of "castrum de Murello" which he granted to "predictæ Dias filiæ meæ et viro suo Bernardo de Comenge"[80].  "Rogerius Biterrensis et uxor mea Bernarda vicecomitissa" issued a charter to the church of Carcassonne dated 28 Jun 1146[81].  The testament of "Rogerius de Biterri" is dated 12 Aug 1150 and names "Raimundo Trencavel fratri meo…Bernardæ vicecomitissæ uxori meæ"[82]

2.         RAYMOND "Trencavel" de Béziers (-murdered 15 Oct 1167).  “Bernardus-Attone vicecomes Carcassonæ” swore allegiance to the abbot of la Grasse, in the presence of “filiorum meorum Rogerii et Trenquavilli…”, by charter dated 1110[83], which suggests that Raymond Trencavel was the younger of the two sons named in the document.  “Bernardus Atonis vicecomes et uxor eius Cæcilia et filii illorum Rogerius et Raymundus” made an agreement with “Lupete de Biterris et cum fratre suo Bernardus” by charter dated 2 Jun 1114[84]Vicomte de Béziers, d'Agde, d'Albi, de Carcassonne et de Razès.  The Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis records the visit to Jerusalem of "Vicecomes Biturrensis Raymundus cognomento Trenchavel", stating that he was "frater Rogerii, qui prole caruit, et Bernardis cognomento Atonis"[85].  The first testament of “Bernardus-Atonis vicecomes Carcassonæ”, dated 1118, names “uxore meæ Cæciliæ”, leaves “Carcassonam et Carcassez et Redas et Redez…Terme et Termenez” to “Rotgerius filius meus” and “in Albi…Albiensi…in comitatu de Roderge aut in Cadurcensi aut in Tolosano aut in Narbonensi…Agde et Agadez et castellum de Pedenas” to “Raymundo Trencavel filio meo[86].  “Bernardus-Ato vicecomes et uxor mea Cæcilia vicecomitissa et filii nostri Rogerius et Raimundus et Bernardus” donated property confiscated from the rebels at Carcassonne to “Bernardo de Tresmals” by charter dated 5 Apr 1125[87].  The testament of "Bernardus-Atonis vicecomes Biterrensis", dated 1129, bequeathed "Bezer…et Acde…et Cenceno" to "Raimundo Trincavello filio meo"[88]Vicomte de Beziers.  "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes" by charter dated 20 Oct 1146[89].  "Trencavellus vicecomes" donated "territorium...Calm Raimun" to the abbey of Sylvanès, for the salvation of “fratris mei Rogerii”, by charter dated 1151[90]The testament of “Raymundo Trencavelli vicecomite”, dated 21 Apr 1154 during his captivity in Toulouse, bequeathes “Balaguer et Chercorb et Chercorbez“ to “Cæciliæ meæ filiæ“, “meam minorem filiam“ to “Guilhermo de Montepessulano“ as his wife, and if he does not marry her requests “comitem de Barsalona“ to arrange her marriage to “filio Ugonis comitis“, appoints “Rogerio filio meo“ as his heir and if he dies childless “Cæciliæ meæ filiæ“, names “Hermengardæ de Narbona meæ consanguineæ“ and refers to but does not name “meam uxorem[91].  The codicil of “R. Trencavels...vescoms de Besers" is dated to [1166][92].  The Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis records that "Raymundus Trenchavel vicecomes Biterrensis" was killed "a Burgensibus quadam Dominica Quadragesimæ in ecclesia B. Mariæ Magdalenæ", dated to [1167] from the context[93].  The Chronicle of Toulouse Saint-Saturnin records the death in 1167 of "Trencabels"[94].  The Chronicle of Nîmes records that "Trencavellus" was killed "dominica die in ecclesia S. Mariæ Magdalenæ" in 1167 by the people of Béziers[95].  The necrology of the priory of Cassan records the death "Id Oct" of "Raymundus Trencavelli vicecomes Biterrensis"[96]m [firstly] ADELICIA, daughter of --- (-[28 Feb], after 21 Apr 1154).  “Raymundus Trencavel vicecomes Biterris et uxor mea Adalaicia” donated property to “Raymundo de Pomairol et fratri tuo Poncio” by charter dated Dec 1137[97].  "Raymundus Trincavelli vicecomes Biterrensis et Adalais eius uxor" confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Valmagne by "Guillelmus de Omelaz frater Guillelmi de Montepessulano" by charter dated 1138[98].  The necrology of the priory of Cassan records the death "II Kal Mar" of "Adalicia Biterrensis vicecomitissa"[99]m [secondly] [as her second husband,] SAURA, [widow of --- Comte de ---,] daughter of --- (-after 1 Nov 1163).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 16 Jul 1152 under which “Sichards de Laurag fils d´Ava” swore allegiance to "Raimuns Trencavel vescons de Beders fils de Cecilia vescomtesse et…Roger fils de Raimuns Trencavel et de Saura comtesse" for "lo castel de Montlauder"[100].  The fact that Saura is accorded the title “comtesse“ in this charter suggests that she must have been married before and that she retained the title after her first husband died.  The testament of “Raymundo Trencavelli vicecomite”, dated 21 Apr 1154, refers to but does not name “meam uxorem[101].  "Guillelmus de Termino filius Estriæ et…Petrus Olivarii filius Adalmus" swore allegiance to "Raymundo Trencavello filio Cæciliæ et Rogerio filio tuo et Sauræ comitissæ" for "castrum de Termino" by charter dated 1 Nov 1163[102].  Raymond & his [first] wife had two children: 

a)         daughter (-[before 21 Apr 1154]).  "Rostagnus de Poscherias" confirmed agreement with "Raimundo vicecomite" relating to the marriage of "filiam suum…Rostagnus" and "filiam ipsius Raimundi", and, if Rostaing died, to "filios suos Petrum…" by charter dated to [1141][103].  This daughter is not named in her father´s will dated 21 Apr 1154 so presumably died before then, unless she was the same person as his daughter Cécile.  Betrothed ([1131]) to, her first cousin, ROSTAING [II] de Posquières, son of ROSTAING [I] de Posquières & his wife Ermesinde de Béziers (-after 1146). 

b)         CECILE de Béziers (-after 4 Dec 1167).  The testament of “Raymundo Trencavelli vicecomite”, dated 21 Apr 1154 during his captivity in Toulouse, bequeathes “Balaguer et Chercorb et Chercorbez“ to “Cæciliæ meæ filiæ“, appoints “Rogerio filio meo“ as his heir and if he dies childless “Cæciliæ meæ filiæ[104].  The chronology suggests that Raymond´s two daughters would have been children of his second wife, named in 1137, if it is correct as shown above that he married twice.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 4 Dec 1167 under which “Raymundus comes Tolosæ" donated property to "Rogerio Bernardi Fuxensi comiti, viro Cæciliæ filiæ quondam Trencavelli, et eidem Cæciliæ" previously held by "Rogerius frater supra nominati Trencavelli in fine vitæ suæ"[105]m ([1151]) ROGER BERNARD Comte de Foix, son of ROGER III Comte de Foix & his wife Jimena de Barcelona. 

Raymond & his [second] wife had four children: 

c)         ROGER de Béziers (-20 Mar 1194).  “Sichards de Laurag fils d´Ava” swore allegiance to "Raimuns Trencavel vescons de Beders fils de Cecilia vescomtesse et…Roger fils de Raimuns Trencavel et de Saura comtesse" for "lo castel de Montlauder" by charter dated 16 Jul 1152[106].  The testament of “Raymundo Trencavelli vicecomite”, dated 21 Apr 1154 during his captivity in Toulouse, appoints “Rogerio filio meo“ as his heir and if he dies childless “Cæciliæ meæ filiæ[107].  “Sicardus filius Avæ” swore allegiance to “Raymundo Trencavelli filio Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ et...Rogerio filio R. Trencavelli et Sauræ comitissæ“ by charter dated 1158[108].  The Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis records that "Rogerius Raymundi filius" made peace after his father was killed[109]Vicomte de Béziers.  “Raymundus...dux Narbonnæ, comes Tolosæ, marchio Provinciæ, filius Ildefonsi comitis et Faiditæ" swore allegiance to "Rogerio filio Trencavelli et Sauræ" by charter dated 1171[110].  "Rogerius Biterrensis vicecomes" confirmed donations made by "Rogerius avunculus meus et Raimundus Trencavelli pater meus" to the abbey of Sylvanès by charter dated Mar 1172[111]"Dominus Rogerius vicecomes Biterrensis et Carcassensis et Reddensis atque Albiensis" donated all his property to "dominus meus Ildefonsus...rex Aragonensium, comes Barchinonensis, marchio Provinciæ...filio tuo...Ildefonso" whom he adopted as his son by charter dated Jun 1183[112].  The Thalamus de Montpellier records the death "x dies defra abril" in 1194 of "Rotgier viscoms de Bezers"[113].  The necrology of the priory of Cassan records the death "XIII Kal Apr" of "Rotgerius vicecomes Biterrensis frater noster"[114]m (1171) ADELAIDE de Toulouse, daughter of RAYMOND V Comte de Toulouse & his wife Constance de France (-after Aug 1199).  The marriage contract between “Raymundus...dux Narbonnæ, comes Tolosæ, marchio Provinciæ...filiam meam Adalaisiam" and "Rogerio Biterrensi vicecomiti" is dated 1171[115].  "Adalaitia comitissa uxor Rogerii vicecomitis Biterrensis" confirmed donations made by "vir meus Rogerius" to the abbey of Sylvanès by charter dated Mar 8 Sep 1180[116]The Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis records that "filia Tolosani Alaizia" and "Rogerius Biterrensis vir eius" surrendered "castrum Legato" during a campaign against the Albigeois by "Henricus Albanensis Episcopus" (in 1181 from the context)[117].  Her date of death is set by the charter dated Aug 1199 under which "Raymundus Rogerius vicecomes" donated property, on the advice of "Adelaicis dominæ matris meæ..."[118].  Roger & his wife had one child: 

i)          RAYMOND ROGER de Béziers (1185-Carcassonne 10 Nov 1209).  A charter dated 1191 records oaths of allegiance sworn to "Rogerii vicecomitis Biterrensis...et...Raymundo Rogerio filio prædicti D. Rogerii"[119].  His date of birth is set by the charter dated Jun 1183 under which "dominus Rogerius vicecomes Biterrensis et Carcassensis et Reddensis atque Albiensis" donated all his property to "dominus meus Ildefonsus...rex Aragonensium, comes Barchinonensis, marchio Provinciæ...filio tuo...Ildefonso" whom he adopted as his son[120], which no doubt Vicomte Roger would not have done if his own son had been born then or if his wife had been pregnant at that date.  A "Chronique en Languedocien, tirée du cartulaire de Raymond le Jeune comte de Toulouse" records the birth in 1185 of "Rogiers vescoms de Bezers"[121]Vicomte de Béziers.  "Raymundus Rotgerii vicecomitis Biterris" granted all his lands to "Raymundo-Rotgerii comiti Fuxi consanguineo meo" if he died childless, by charter dated Mar 1201[122].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "Rogerus autem vicecomes de Bediers filius Trenkevel" was captured at Carcassonne as a heretic and died in prison in 1209[123].   The necrology of Carcassonne records the death "IV Id Nov" in 1209 of "Rogerius vicecomes Biterris...in congressu ante Carcassonam"[124].  A "Chronique en Languedocien, tirée du cartulaire de Raymond le Jeune comte de Toulouse" records that Béziers was destroyed in 1209[125]m ([1204]) AGNES de Montpellier, daughter of GUILLAUME [VII] Seigneur de Montpellier & his second [bigamous] wife Agnes --- (-after Oct 1226).  A charter dated Oct 1226 relates to the dowry of “Agnes quondam vicecomitissa Biterrensis…a Raymundo Rogeri marito suo, quondam vicecomite Biterrensi[126].  The Histoire de Montpellier records the marriage of Agnes and Raymond Roger Vicomte de Beziers arranged by Pedro II King of Aragon[127].  "Raymundus-Rogerii quondam vicecomes Biterrensis…dominæ Agneti uxori suæ" granted her rights to "Simon comes Lycestriæ et Montisfortis dominus" by charter dated 24 Nov 1209[128].  "Agnes quondam vicecomitissa Biterrensis" renounced her dowry from "Raymundo-Rogerio marito suo quondam vicecomite Biterrensi" in favour of Louis VIII King of France by charter dated Oct 1226[129].  Raymond Roger & his wife had one child: 

(a)       TRENCAVEL de Béziers (1207-1263).  A "Chronique en Languedocien, tirée du cartulaire de Raymond le Jeune comte de Toulouse" records the birth in 1207 of "Trencavels vescoms de Bezers"[130].  The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records that "Trencavel fils de feu le vicomte de Béziers" was 16 years old, dated from the context to [1223/24], and that "le comte de Foix Roger Bernard" was his guardian[131]Vicomte de Béziers.  The charter dated Oct 1224 under which "Rogerius Bernardi comes Fuxi, custos Trencavelli vicecomitis" made agreements relating to his property shows that he acted through the guardianship of Roger Bernard Comte de Foix during his minority, as shown by the charter dated Oct 1224, as well as a similar charter dated 24 Oct 1224 in which "Rogerius Bernardi...comes Fuxensis" confirmed he had full powers over administration over "vicecomitatus Biterrensis, Carcassonæ et Redensis et Albiensis pro D. vicecomite Trencavello, consobrino meo"[132].  He was deprived of his inheritance by Louis VIII King of France and retired to the court of Aragon from where he returned in 1230 to reclaim his rights[133].  "Trencavellus...Biterrensis vicecomes, dominus Albiensis, Carcassonæ et Redensis" granted property to "D. Rogerio-Bernardo...comiti Fuxensi, consanguineo nostro" dated 17 Jun 1227[134], indicating that his minority must have recently ended which suggests his date of birth in [1206/08]. 

d)         RAYMOND TRENCAVEL (-after 5 Jun 1211).  "R. Trencavellus filius quondam Trencavelli, et uxoris eius" transferred property to "D. S. comiti Leycestriæ, domino Montisfortis, vicecomiti Biterris et Carcassonæ, et domino Albiensi et Redensi" by charter dated 5 Jun 1211[135]m --- (-after 5 Jun 1211).  The name of Raymond Trencavel´s wife is not known but the charter dated 5 Jun 1211 under which "R. Trencavellus filius quondam Trencavelli, et uxoris eius" transferred property to "D. S. comiti Leycestriæ, domino Montisfortis, vicecomiti Biterris et Carcassonæ, et domino Albiensi et Redensi" shows that she was living at that date[136]

e)         daughter .  The testament of “Raymundo Trencavelli vicecomite”, dated 21 Apr 1154 during his captivity in Toulouse, bequeathes “meam minorem filiam“ to “Guilhermo de Montepessulano“ as his wife, and if he does not marry her requests “comitem de Barsalona“ to arrange her marriage to “filio Ugonis comitis[137].  The chronology suggests that Raymond´s two daughters would have been children of his second wife, named in 1137, if it is correct as shown above that he married twice.  same person as...?  ADELAIS .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated Feb 1188 under which "Sicardus vicecomes de Lautrec" acknowledged the dowry received from "D. vicecomiti Biterrensi...D. Rogerio" when he married "Alazaici sorore tua"[138]m (before 1176) SICARD [V] Vicomte de Lautrec, son of SICARD [IV] Vicomte de Lautrec & his wife --- (-1193 or after). 

f)          BEATRIX de Béziers ([after 21 Apr 1154]-after Jan 1193).  The Historia Albigensis records the marriage of Comte Raymond and "sororem vicecomitis Biterrensis…Beatricem" whom he repudiated[139].  The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records that Comte Raymond VI married "Béatrice sœur de Trencavel vicomte de Béziers" whom he repudiated, but he confuses her with her daughter when he adds that she married secondly "Pierre Bermond de Salvio"[140].  As only two daughters were mentioned in Raymond Trencavel´s testament dated 21 Apr 1154, it is presumed that the third daughter was born after this date.  It is possible that this was either Adelais or Beatrix as no source has yet been identified which confirms the order of birth of these two younger daughters.  "Rogerius comes Biterrensis" conceded "castro Mesoa" to "Beatrici sorori meæ" by charter dated Jan 1193[141], which is likely to indicate the date of her separation from her husband.  She retired to a Cathar convent after her repudiation.  m ([Sep 1176/1179], repudiated Jan 1193 or before) as his second wife, RAYMOND de Toulouse, son of RAYMOND V Comte de Toulouse & his wife Constance de France (27 Oct 1156-Toulouse 2 Aug 1222).  He succeeded his father in 1194 as RAYMOND VI Comte de Toulouse, Duc de Narbonne, Marquis de Provence. 

3.         BERNARD ATON [V] de Beziers (-[1159]).  “Filiorum nostrorum Rogerii, Trencavelli atque Bernardi” consented to the marriage contract dated 1121 between “Bernardus Nemausensium et Agathensium et Biterrensium vicecomes et…Cæcilia vicecomitissa…filia nostra Ermessindi” and “Rostagno de Poscheriis[142].  “Bernardus-Ato vicecomes et uxor mea Cæcilia vicecomitissa et filii nostri Rogerius et Raimundus et Bernardus” donated property confiscated from the rebels at Carcassonne to “Bernardo de Tresmals” by charter dated 5 Apr 1125[143].  The testament of "Bernardus-Atonis vicecomes Biterrensis", dated 1129, bequeathed "Nemausum" to "Bernardo filio meo"[144].  Vicomte d'Agde, Vicomte de Nîmes.  The Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis records the visit to Jerusalem of "Vicecomes Biturrensis Raymundus cognomento Trenchavel", staging that he was "frater Rogerii, qui prole caruit, et Bernardis cognomento Atonis"[145].  "Bernardus-Atonis vicecomes Nemausensis et...Guillelma uxor eius" issued a charter dated 1146[146].  "B. Ato vicecomes Nemausensis" confirmed his obligations to "R. de Poscheriis nepoti meo" which "pater meus dedit cum filia sua Ermesendi, patri tuo R....Margaritas, Bellivicinum, Calvicionem" by charter dated 1146[147].  "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes" by charter dated 20 Oct 1146[148].  "Bernardus-Ato vicecomes Nemausensium" granted property, with the support of "Guillelmæ uxoris meæ", by charter dated 1151[149]m (1146 or before) GUILLEMETTE de Montpellier, daughter of GUILLAUME [VI] Seigneur de Montpellier & his wife Sibila [del Vasto] (-after 29 Sep 1173).  Under his testament dated 11 Dec 1146, "Guillelmus de Montispessulano, filius Ermesende" mentions his daughters Guillemette, Adalais and Ermessende, requesting that "Guillelme filie mee cum marito suo" be given the rest of her dowry[150].  "Bernardus-Atonis vicecomes Nemausensis et...Guillelma uxor eius" issued a charter dated 1146[151].  "Bernardus-Ato vicecomes Nemausensium" granted property, with the support of "Guillelmæ uxoris meæ", by charter dated 1151[152].  The primary source which confirms her marriage more precisely has not yet been identified, although it is indicated by the testament dated 29 Sep 1173 of "Guillelmus dominus Montispessulani, filius quondam Sibilie" which names "…Guillelma soror mea et filius ejus Bernardus Atho…"[153].  “Ysarius de Salve filius de Stephana” swore allegiance to “Guillelma vicecomitissa que fuisti moller de Bernardo-Aton" and to her unborn son by charter dated to [1159][154].  “Willelma Nemausensis vicecomitissa...et...filium meum vicecomitem” donated property to “Petro Raymundo de Anagia" by charter dated May 1166[155].  Bernard Aton [V] & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERNARD ATON [VI] (posthumously [1159]-after 2 May 1214).  His posthumous birth is indicated by the charter dated to [1159] under which “Ysarius de Salve filius de Stephana” swore allegiance to “Guillelma vicecomitissa que fuisti moller de Bernardo-Aton" and to her unborn son[156].  Vicomte d'Agde, Vicomte de Nîmes.  “Willelma Nemausensis vicecomitissa...et...filium meum vicecomitem” donated property to “Petro Raymundo de Anagia" by charter dated May 1166[157].  The testament dated 29 Sep 1173 of "Guillelmus dominus Montispessulani, filius quondam Sibilie" (his maternal uncle) names "…Guillelma soror mea et filius ejus Bernardus Atho…"[158].  According to Duhamel Amado, the couple's posthumous son did not survive[159], but this appears to be disproved by this testament.  Vicomte de Nîmes.  A charter dated 1179 records an agreement between "Ildefossum…[regem] Arragoniæ, comitem Barchinoniæ, marchionem Provinciæ" and "B Atonis vicecomitem Nemausensem"[160].  "Bernardus Ato vicecomes Agathensis" swore allegiance to "Guillelmo domino Montispessulani et...Agneti uxori eius" for part of his domain by charters dated 1189, Jan 1191 and 1195[161].  "Bernardus Ato filius quondam Bernardi Atonis vicecomitis Nemausensis et Agatensis et Guillermæ uxoris eius" transferred their vicomtés to "domino Simoni comiti Lycestriæ, vicecomiti Biterrensi et Carcassensi" by charter dated 2 May 1214[162]m GUILLELME, daughter of --- (-after 2 May 1214).  "Bernardus Ato filius quondam Bernardi Atonis vicecomitis Nemausensis et Agatensis et Guillermæ uxoris eius" transferred their vicomtés to "domino Simoni comiti Lycestriæ, vicecomiti Biterrensi et Carcassensi" by charter dated 2 May 1214[163]

4.         ERMENGARDE "Trencavelle" de Béziers (-1156).  "Bernardus Atonis vicecomes Biterrensis et uxor mea Cæcilia" agreed the marriage of "filia nostra Ermengardi" to "Gaufredum filium de Guirardo de Rossilione", by charter dated 1110, which provides for "castello de Abelliano et…castello de Mesoa" as her dowry[164].  Dame d'Abeilhan et de Mèze {Hérault}.  "Gausfredus Rossilionensis et uxor mea Trencavella et filius noster Guinardus" donated property to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 13 May 1139, signed by "…Bernardi Berengarii vicecomitis…"[165].  "Trencavella filia Cæciliæ Biterrensis vicecomitissæ et…Geraldus filius eiusdem Trencavellæ" donated property to "sanctæ Mariæ Vallismagnæ et Petro abbati" by charter dated 1147, witnessed by “Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ Biterrensis, Trencavellæ eiusdem filiæ, Geraldi vicecomitis de Rossellon filius prædictæ Trencavellæ[166]m (1110, divorced 1152) as his first wife, GAUSFRED [III] Comte de Roussillon, son of GERARD [I] Comte de Roussillon & his wife Agnes --- (-before 24 Feb 1164). 

5.         MATHELINE de Béziers (-after 1152).  By charter dated 27 Nov 1105, "Agnes et…Guillelmus Alfaricus et uxor mea Engelrada et infantes nostri Arnaldus et Saurina" gave "burgum de Biterri qui fuit de Gaucelino-Arnaldi" to "Bernardo Atonis et uxori tuae Caeciliae et illis infantibus vestris" in contemplation of the marriage of their children[167].  The marriage contract between “Metellinæ filiæ Bernardi Atonis vicecomitis et Cæciliæ” and “Guillelmus-Alfaricus et uxor mea Engelrada…Arnoldo filio nostro” is dated 19 Dec 1105 and records the grant by the bridegroom´s parents of "ipsum nostrum castellum de Sancto Nazario {Saint-Nazaire, Aude} …in comitatu Narbonensi et ipsum castellum nostrum de Salviano {Sauvian, Hérault} …in comitatu Biterrensi" to their son[168].  According to Duhamel-Amado[169], the contemplated marriage of Matheline and Arnaud de Béziers-Sauvian did not take place.  The testament of "Bernardus-Atonis vicecomes Biterrensis", dated 1129, names "Mantilinæ filiæ meæ"[170].  Matheline may have married (before 1143) Austors de Lunas.  "Metelina" donated property to "Bernardo-Atoni fratri meo" by charter dated 1152 witnessed by “Selvionis de Clairjac et filii eius Selvionis…[171]m (contract 19 Dec 1105) ARNAUD de Béziers-Sauvian, son of GUILLAUME ALFARIC de Saint-Nazaire {Aude} & his wife Engelrade de Béziers-Sauvian.  For this family of Béziers-Sauvian, see Duhamel Amado[172].  Arnaud & his wife had two children: 

a)         MATHELINE de Béziers-Sauvian (-after 1 Apr 1168).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  A charter dated 1130 records an agreement between "Silvion de Clérieu" and the canons of the church of Romans regarding his usurpation of the donations of his predecessors "Silvion, Guillaume, Ado et Guillaume son père", confirmed by "sa femme Metelina" and witnessed by "le comte Amédée…"[173].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Silvius de Cleireu et…Matelina eius uxor et…Silvius eorum filius" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches by charter dated 15 Oct 1141[174].  A charter dated 1150 records disputes between "Silvion de Clérieu" and the canons of the church of Romans, settled by Hugues Archbishop of Vienne and "Silvion et Mételine son épouse", naming "Guillaume abbé et sacristain de Romans, frère de Silvion"[175].  The dating of the previous charter, and the identity of the donors, are clarified by the charter dated under which "Roggerius de Claireu…et fratres mei" increased the donation by "pater meus Silvius et mater mea Matelina" of property to the Templars at Richerenches, as far as "Avisanum", with the advice of "matris mee Mateline" and with the consent of "Guilelmus de Claireu abbas de Sancto Felicio", by charter dated 1 Apr 1168[176]m SILVION [II] Seigneur de Clérieux, son of GUILLAUME Seigneur de Clérieux {Isère} & his wife ---.  “Selvionis de Clairjac et filii eius Selvionis…” witnessed the charter dated 1152 under which "Metelina" donated property to "Bernardo-Atoni fratri meo"[177]

b)         SAURINE de Béziers-Sauvian .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.    m BERENGER de Thézan {Hérault}. 

6.         ERMESINDE de Béziers (-before 1146).  The marriage contract between “Bernardus Nemausensium et Agathensium et Biterrensium vicecomes et…Cæcilia vicecomitissa…filia nostra Ermessindi” and “Rostagno de Poscheriis” is dated 1121 and records “castrum Margaritas…[et] castrum…Calvenzing…[et] mediatem castri Belvedin” as her dowry[178].  The charter dated 1146, under which "Ato vicecomes Nemausensis" guaranteed the succession of her son "R. de Poscheriis nepoti meo" to property granted as dowry by "pater meus…cum filia sua Ermesens" to "patri tuo R….Margaritas, Bellumvicinum, Calvuconem"[179], suggests that Ermesinde had died by that date.  m (Béziers 1121) ROSTAING de Posquières {now Vauvert, Gard}, son of RAYMOND [II] Decanus & his wife --- (-[1142/46]).  The seigneurs d´Uzès et de Posquières are discussed in Histoire Générale de Languedoc Tome IV, according to which Rostaing de Posquières was the brother of Faydive d´Uzès, wife of Alphonse Jourdain Comte de Toulouse[180].  This has not been verified. 

7.         PAGANE (-after 1152).  The testament of "Bernardus-Atonis vicecomes Biterrensis", dated 1129, bequeathed "Carcassonam…Redas…Albiam…" to "Rotgerio primogenito filio meo", and requested "etiam Rotgerio" to provide dowry for "sororem suam Paganam"[181].  "Pagana" donated property to "Bernardo-Atoni fratri meo" by charter dated 1152 which names her father “Bernardi-Atonis[182].  She was still unmarried in 1129[183]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    COMTES d'ALBI

 

 

A.      COMTES d'ALBI

 

 

The early history of the county of Albi is slightly less hazy than that of the county of Agde, but it is still far from clear.  Three comtes d´Albi can be identified in primary sources between the late 9th and late 10th centuries (see Part A of this chapter).  It is possible that the second of these, Comte Raymond, was the same person as Raymond II Comte de Toulouse but no primary source has so far been found which confirms that this co-identity is correct.  The references to Pons Comte d´Albi in 987 are intriguing.  Pons is of course a name associated during the 10th and 11th centuries with the family of the comtes de Toulouse.  It is possible therefore that Pons Comte d´Albi was an otherwise unknown son of either Raymond Pons Comte de Toulouse or his son Comte Raymond III.  The absence of earlier references to Comte Pons suggests that Comte Raymond III was more likely to have been his father.  It is probable that Comte Pons died without direct heirs as the county of Albi had certainly reverted to the comtes de Toulouse by the early 11th century.  This is confirmed by the charter dated to [1006] which records the council of the archiepiscopal provinces of Narbonne and Auch held at Toulouse by "Raimundus episcopus Tolosanus et Guillelmus comes Albiensium ac Caturcensium et Tolosanorum"[184], referring to Guillaume III "Taillefer" Comte de Toulouse.  After Simon de Montfort Earl of Leicester defeated the Comte de Toulouse at Castelnaudary in the early 13th century, the former adopted the titles Vicomte d'Albi, Comte de Toulouse, Duc de Narbonne and Marquis de Provence[185].  It is unsure why Albi was not treated as a county at that time, although vicomtes d´Albi had been recorded since the late 9th century as shown in Parts B and C of the presemt chapter.  The families of the vicomtes de Bruniquel, vicomtes de Lautrec, vicomtes de Saint-Antonin and vicomtes de Toulouse are also shown in this chapter because of the proximity of their castles to Albi.  It is assumed that all these vicomtes were vassals of the comtes de Toulouse, maybe in their capacity as comtes d´Albi. 

 

 

1.         ERMENGAUDComte d´Albi.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc states that Ermengaud Comte d’Albi is referred to by the chronicler Aimion[186], but this source has not yet been consulted.  m ---.  The name of Ermengaud's wife is not known.  Ermengaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         [GERSENDE .  "Oddo…comes uxorque mea Garsindis" sold property "in comitatu Lemovicino…villa…Orbaciacus" by charter dated Aug 887, with the consent of "fratre nostro Airberto" and subscribed by "Garsis comitis, Willelmi comitis…"[187].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggests that the wife of Odon Comte de Toulouse was the daughter of Ermengaud Comte d’Albi, basing this on Gersende naming her second son Ermengaud[188].  Even if it is correct that Gersende was connected to the comte d´Albi, it is presumably possible that she was a more remote relation of Ermengaud than his daughter.  m ODON Comte de Toulouse, son of RAYMOND I Comte de Toulouse & his wife Berthe --- (-[918/19]).] 

 

2.         RAYMOND (-after 915).  A bull of Pope John VIII dated 18 Aug 878, relating to papal authority over the monastery of Saint-Gilles, is subscribed by "Raimundus comes, Berengarius vicecomes…Emenus vicecomes, Oddo vicecomes, Ugo comes"[189]Comte d´Albi.  A charter dated Aug 878 records an audience held by "Reymundo comite" at Albi[190].  A charter dated Apr 890 records a judgment in the court of "Raimundus…comes ipsius pagi…Allidulfo suo viciscomiti" relating to a claim by "Bligardis…in comitatu Nemausensi"[191].  A charter dated 23 May 898 records business in the presence of "Bernardo vices-comite…Regemundo comite…Berengario comite"[192].  "Regimundo comite" subscribed a charter dated Jul 902 recording a donation to Nîmes Notre-Dame[193].  A charter dated 18 Jul 915 records business in the presence of "Regemundo comite" and "Daruardus vicecomes Rotenensi" as judge in "Andusie…castello"[194].  It is possible that Raymond inherited Albi from his mother´s family.  In later documentation, Albi and Nîmes are recorded under the same vicomtes, and it is also possible that they were linked under the same count in the late 9th century and that Nîmes was also inherited by Raymond.  The fact that no further record is found relating to Raymond in Nîmes after 915 could be explained by his succession in Toulouse, after which Nîmes would have ceased to be one of his main centres of activity.  No other Comte Raymond has so far been identified who could be this comte de Nîmes.  "Ugo comes" who also subscribed the 878 papal bull has not yet been identified.  same person as…?  RAYMOND de Toulouse, son of ODON Comte de Toulouse & his wife Gersende --- (-[923/24).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 16 Jun 918, which records an audience at Ausonne in the diocesis of Carcassonnne held by "Aridemandus episcopus sedis Tolosæ civitatis...missus advocatus Raymundo comite Tolosæ civitatis et marchio" with the consent of "Odone comite genitore suo"[195].  He succeeded his father in [918] as RAYMOND II Comte de Toulouse.  The Vita Sancti Geraldi Aureliacensis Comitis records that "Raimundum…comitem filium…Odonis" captured "nepotem domni Geraldi…Benedictum, Tolosæ…vicecomitem" and that "Geraldus…cum sorore sua Avigerna" requested his release[196].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc dates the event to [894/909], the earlier date being when the monastery of Aurillac was founded and the latter the date of death of Benoît´s maternal uncle[197].  If the estimated date is correct, this was before the death of Raymond´s father and therefore before his succession as comte de Toulouse.  If at that date Raymond already held the comital title in his own right, it tends to corroborate the co-identity of Raymond II Comte de Toulouse with Raymond Comte d´Albi. 

 

 

1.         PONS (-after Sep 987).  Comte d´Albi.  "Pontius comes Albiæ" donated "illum meum vicum Viancii" to the church of Albi, by charter dated 987[198].  "Pontius comes" donated "illum meum vicum de Viancio" to the church of Albi, on the advice of "Isarni vicecomitis", by charter dated Sep 987[199]

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES d'ALBI (FAMILY of ATON)

 

 

The "Aton" family were also vicomtes at Nîmes from the mid-10th century (for other vicomtes at Nîmes, see Chapter 8).  Raymond Bernard "Trencavel" Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes married the ultimate heiress of the vicomtés de Béziers et d'Agde in the mid-11th century. 

 

The name "Trencavel" appears to have become hereditary in the Albi/Béziers family of Aton after the mid-11th century, comparable to "Taillefer" in the family of the Comtes d'Angoulême, but its origin is not known.  It is unlikely to be a baptismal name, although the last name-holder ("Trencavel de Béziers", who died in 1263) does not appear to be recorded with another name.  The first root-element of the word suggests a connection with the modern French "trancher", and the second with "bel", which when combined would result in a suitably war-like epithet consistent with the violence of the times. 

 

 

1.         ATON [I] (-after 898).  A charter dated Dec 898 records a hearing at Alzonne in the diocesis of Carcassonne in the presence of "Atone vicario Odone comite Tolosæ civitatis et marchio in Alsona"[200].  Settipani suggests that he may have been the son of Aton, a noble in Toulouse closely related to the Vicomtes de Toulouse, who is named in 867[201]m ---.  The name of Aton's wife is not known.  Settipani suggests that she was Avigerna, sister of Géraud Seigneur d'Aurillac {Cantal} (855-909)[202]

 

 

1.         BERNARD [I] .  A charter dated 16 Jun 918 records a hearing at Alzonne in the diocesis of Carcassonne in the presence of "Bernardo…missus advocatus Raymundo comite Tolosæ civitatis et marchio" at "castro Ausona"[203].  Onomastics suggest that he was closely related to Aton [I], but there is no direct proof that this is correct.  m ---.  The name of Bernard's wife is not known.  Bernard [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         ATON [II] ([900]-after 942).  "Atto…vicecomes" donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières, on the advice of "uxoris meæ", for the souls of "patris mei Bernardi et matris meæ" by charter dated Apr 942, subscribed by "Frotarius episcopus, Bernardus, Hugonis comitis, Dagberga…"[204]Vicomte d'Albi {Tarn}.  same person as…?  --- .  There appears to be no direct proof that Aton [II] was the husband of Diasfronisa, but the chronology and the common use of the names Bernard and Aton among his descendants provide two favourable indications.  m DIASFRONISA, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated 20 Oct 1146 under which "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes"[205].  Settipani suggests that Diasfronisa was the sister of Etienne (who died after 926) and of Frothaire Bishop of Cahors ([905/10]-990), who were sons of Matfred and his wife Aitrude[206].  [Aton [II]] & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          [SEGUIN (-after 9 Jul 972).  A charter dated 2 Jul 972 records a hearing at Nîmes by "Raymondus comes et marchio" relating to "ecclesiam Sancti Martini…in comitatu Agatense" in the presence of "…Siguinus vicecomes et Bernardus frater eius…"[207].  It is not known with certainty that Bernard was the same person as Bernard [II].] 

ii)         BERNARD [II] (-[after 9 Jul 972]).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 20 Oct 1146 under which "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes"[208]Vicomte d'Albi.  Vicomte de Nîmes. 

-         see below.   

b)         BERNARD (-965).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Bishop of Albi 951. 

2.         BENOIT .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vicomte de Toulouse. 

 

 

BERNARD [II] d'Albi, son of ATON [II] Vicomte d'Albi & his wife Diasfronisa --- (-[after 9 Jul 972]).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 20 Oct 1146 under which "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes"[209]Vicomte d'Albi.  Vicomte de Nîmes.  A charter dated 9 Jun 956 records an exchange of property at Nîmes and payment "ad vicecomite Bernardo et ad vicecomitissa Gauza et ad Bernardum cuius erat feuz"[210].  The reference in this charter to his wife suggests that she may have been heiress to the vicomté de Nîmes and that her husband held the title in her name.  [A charter dated 2 Jul 972 records a hearing at Nîmes by "Raymondus comes et marchio" relating to "ecclesiam Sancti Martini…in comitatu Agatense" in the presence of "…Siguinus vicecomes et Bernardus frater eius…"[211].  It is not known with certainty that Bernard was the same person as Bernard [II].] 

m GAUCIANA, daughter of ---.  A charter dated 9 Jun 956 records an exchange of property at Nîmes and payment "ad vicecomite Bernardo et ad vicecomitissa Gauza et ad Bernardum cuius erat feuz"[212].  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated 20 Oct 1146 under which "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes"[213]

Bernard [II] & his wife had three children: 

1.         BERNARD (-after 9 Jul 956).  A charter dated 9 Jun 956 records an exchange of property at Nîmes and payment "ad vicecomite Bernardo et ad vicecomitissa Gauza et ad Bernardum cuius erat feuz"[214]

2.         ATON [III] (-1032).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated [1025] which records a promise made to "Atoni, fil Gauciane et Froterio fil Girbergane ... sine forza contra Athonem et Froter filium suum" by "Guillelms Coms fils d´Adadaiz, et Ramon et Aiarigs fils Garsen" relating to "lo castel de Dornian" [Dourgne][215].  "Atho et uxor mea Girberga et filii nostri Bernardus et Froterius" donated property "in comitatu Albiense, in vicaria Gigidense in villa…Bota" by charter dated 18 Mar 993[216]Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes.  "Guillelms Coms fils d´Aladaiz et Ramon et Aiarigs fils Garsen" promised "Atoni fil Gauciane et Froterio fil Girbergane" quiet possession of "lo castel de Dornian" by charter dated to [1025], which names "Athonem et Froter filium suum"[217].  "Ermengaudo…comes et marchio" granted "alodes…in comitato Orgello in apenditio de Sancto Azisclo…in villa Ortoneoves" to "Atto" by charter dated 28 Feb 1029, subscribed by "…Guillemo vicecomite…"[218].  A charter dated 18 Dec 1029 records the foundation of the monastery of Sauve by "Garsindis et filius meus Bremundus et frater eius Almeradus", for the soul of "genitoris nostri Barnardi", in the presence of "Wilelmi comitis Tholosani…Atthonis vicecomitis, et Berengarii, et fratris eius Elisiari de ipso Castro…Emenonis de Sabrano…"[219].  His parentage is further confirmed by a charter dated 20 Oct 1146 under which "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes"[220]m GERBERGE, daughter of ---.  "Atho et uxor mea Girberga et filii nostri Bernardus et Froterius" donated property "in comitatu Albiense, in vicaria Gigidense in villa…Bota" by charter dated 18 Mar 993[221].  Aton [III] & his wife had three children: 

a)         BERNARD [III] ATON (-after 1050).  "Atho et uxor mea Girberga et filii nostri Bernardus et Froterius" donated property "in comitatu Albiense, in vicaria Gigidense in villa…Bota" by charter dated 18 Mar 993[222]Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes.  "Wilelmi comitis Tholosani…Atthonis vicecomitis, et Berengarii, et fratris eius Elisiari de ipso Castro…Emenonis de Sabrano…" witnessed the charter dated 18 Dec 1029 which records the foundation of the monastery of Sauve by "Garsindis et filius meus Bremundus et frater eius Almeradus"[223].  "Geraldus et frater meus Sicharius et filii Geraldi et filii Sicharii" donated their share in "castello de Causago" to "Froterio episcopo et fratri eius Bernardo et Segario fratri eorum", by charter dated Jul [1035][224]m RAINGARDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Bernard [III] Aton & his wife had one child:  

i)          RAYMOND BERNARD "Trencavel" (-1074).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes.  "Raingardis comitissa et gener meus Raymundus et uxor eius filia mea…Ermengardis et soror eius Adalais" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated 3 Jan 1062[225].  “Remundus Bernardi vicecomes cognomento Trencaveis et Ermengardis vicecomitissa conjux mea, filia…Rangardis comitissæ” transferred property to “Raimundo comiti Barcheonæ et Almodi comitissæ coniugi tuæ et filio vestro Raymundo Berengarii” by charter dated 26 Jun 1070[226].  "Froterius episcopus, Raimundus vicecomes nepos meus" donated property "monasterium…Castras" to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 12 Jun 1073[227]m (before 3 Jan 1062) ERMENGARDE de Carcassonne, daughter of PIERRE RAYMOND Comte de Carcassonne, Vicomte de Béziers et d'Agde & his wife Rangarde --- (-after 26 Mar 1099).  "Petrus comes et uxor mea Ranguardis et filius noster Rotgerius et filiæ nostræ Garsindis, Ermengardis et Adalaicis" donated property to the church of Béziers by charter dated 3 Mar 1054[228].  "Raingardis comitissa et gener meus Raymundus et uxor eius filia mea…Ermengardis et soror eius Adalais" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated 3 Jan 1062[229].  She succeeded her brother in 1067 as Vicomtesse de Béziers et d'Agde.  “Raymundus Bernardi vicecomes et uxor eius Ermengardis vicecomitissa” sold their part of the county of Carcassonne to “domno Raymundo Barcheonæ comiti et domnæ Adalmodi comitissæ” by charter dated 2 Mar 1067, which names “Petrus Raimundi comes…[et] Rodgarius comes de Fox…filio suo[230].  "Ermengardis comitissa…et filius meus Bernardus" donated property rights to the church of Sainte-Marie, Agde by charter dated [1074][231], presumably shortly after the death of her husband as he is not named, but this is not stated explicitly in the document.  "Rogerius comes Fuxensis" and "Ermengarda vicecomitissa et…Bernardo Atonis filio eius" settled their disputes about the county of Carcassonne by charter dated 21 Apr 1095[232].  "Ermengardis visce comitissa filia Rangardis" donated property in "villa…Licairag…pro remedium animo seniore meo Raimundo" to the abbey of Conques by charter dated Nov [1097/1107], naming "filio meo Bernardo Atto"[233].  "Hermengardis vice comitissa et filius meus Bernardus Atto" donated property to the abbey of Lagrasse by charter dated 26 Mar 1099[234].   Raymond Bernard & his wife had two children: 

(a)       GUILLERMA (-after 26 Jun 1070, maybe after Apr [1105]).  The marriage contract of "Raymundus Bernardus vicecomes et Hermengard mulier mea…filia nostra…Guilherma" and "Petro…Ato" [Pierre Vicomte de Bruniquel] is dated 29 Oct 1069 and names "in comitatu Ruthenense…castrum…Bruscha…[et] castrum…Castro-novo…[et] castrum…Lavineira…[et] medietatem de…castro de Juliano et de…castro de Rocabruno…" as her dowry[235].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 26 Jun 1070 under which “Remundus Bernardi vicecomes cognomento Trencaveis et Ermengardis vicecomitissa conjux mea, filia…Rangardis comitissæ” transferred property to “Raimundo comiti Barcheonæ et Almodi comitissæ coniugi tuæ et filio vestro Raymundo Berengarii” which names “Guillermus vicecomes Biterrensis…avus Petri Raymundi”, and is subscribed by “Guillerma filia Ermengardis vicecomitissæ[236].  [Her possible second marriage is suggested by the following charter: "Geraldus et uxor mea…Willelma et consanguinei mei Petrus vicecomes et Frotard" donated "ecclesiam de Cambone" to the abbey of Vabre by charter dated Apr [1105][237].  The connection with Pierre Vicomte [de Bruniquel] is best explained if the donor´s wife was same person as the dowager vicomtesse de Bruniquel.]  m [firstly] (contract 29 Oct 1069) PIERRE ATHON [I] Vicomte de Bruniquel, son of ---.  [m secondly GERAUD --- (-after Apr [1105]).] 

(b)       BERNARD ATON [IV] (-1129).  "Ermengardis visce comitissa filia Rangardis" names "filio meo Bernardo Atto" in her charter dated Nov [1097/1107][238].  He succeeded his father in 1074 as Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes.  He succeeded his mother in [1099] as Vicomte de Béziers et d'Agde. 

-         VICOMTES de BEZIERS

b)         FROTHAIRE (-1077).  "Atho et uxor mea Girberga et filii nostri Bernardus et Froterius" donated property "in comitatu Albiense, in vicaria Gigidense in villa…Bota" by charter dated 18 Mar 993[239].  The Chronica Nemausensis names "Froterius episcopus frater Atonis vicecomitis"[240].  "Guillelms Coms fils d´Aladaiz et Ramon et Aiarigs fils Garsen" promised "Atoni fil Gauciane et Froterio fil Girbergane" quiet possession of "lo castel de Dornian" by charter dated to [1025], which names "Athonem et Froter filium suum"[241].  Bishop of Nîmes 1027.  "Geraldus et frater meus Sicharius et filii Geraldi et filii Sicharii" donated their share in "castello de Causago" to "Froterio episcopo et fratri eius Bernardo et Segario fratri eorum", by charter dated Jul [1035][242].  "Froterius episcopus, Raimundus vicecomes nepos meus" donated property "monasterium…Castras" to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 12 Jun 1073[243]

c)         SEGAIRE (-after Jul [1035]).  "Geraldus et frater meus Sicharius et filii Geraldi et filii Sicharii" donated their share in "castello de Causago" to "Froterio episcopo et fratri eius Bernardo et Segario fratri eorum", by charter dated Jul [1035][244]

3.         FROTHAIRE (-1014).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 20 Oct 1146 under which "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes"[245].  Bishop of Nîmes 986. 

 

 

 

C.      VICOMTES de BRUNIQUEL

 

 

Bruniquel is located in the east of the present-day French département of Tarn-et-Garonne, east of Montauban.  The first references to the vicomtes de Bruniquel emerge in the second half of the 11th century.  The first known vicomte, Adémar, was also vicomte de Toulouse, as demonstrated by sources quoted below.  Pierre Athon [I] must also have been vicomte during the same period as Vicomte Adémar, which suggests they may have held the vicomté jointly by indivision and that therefore they were closely related.  Vicomte Adémar is named with three brothers in sources which are quoted in the section dealing with the vicomtes de Toulouse.  The absence of Pierre Athon from these documents suggests that he was probably not another of Adémar´s brothers.  It appears more likely, therefore, that the two vicomtes were first cousins.  The vicomté de Bruniquel presumably passed to the comtes de Toulouse, maybe after the deaths in the mid-12th century of the brothers Vicomtes Adémar and Arnaud/Armand who appear to have died without direct male heirs.  In 1224 the vicomté is recorded in the hands of Bertrand de Toulouse, son of Raymond VI Comte de Toulouse (see the document TOULOUSE KINGS, DUKES & COUNTS). 

 

 

1.         ADEMAR Vicomte de Toulouse (-after Jul 1098)Vicomte de Bruniquel.  “Ademarus vicecomes de Bruniquel” settled a dispute concerning “eclesia de Tauro et de alio honore Sancti Saturnini” by undated charter[246].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc dates this charter to [1061/97] because of the presence of Raymond Ebon Bishop of Lectoure and concludes "ce qui prouve évidemment qu´Adhémar III vicomte de Toulouse prenait aussi le titre de vicomte de Bruniquel", highlighting that "il possédait le domaine de ce château avec son frère Armand" as demonstrated by the charter dated Sep 1083 under which he founded a priory “auprès du château de Bruniquel[247].  This charter is: “Artmannus et Ademarius vicecomites” founded a chapel “in Caturcensi pago in territorio subtus ipsum Brunechildum castrum, inter flumina Veræ et Avarionis” by charter dated Sep 1083[248]

 

 

1.         PIERRE ATHON [I] Vicomte de Bruniquel.  No primary source has been identified which names Pierre Athon [I] in his own capacity, apart from the sources which are quoted below under his wife.  m (contract 29 Oct 1069) [as her first husband,] GUILLERMA d´Albi, daughter of RAYMOND BERNARD "Trencavel" Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes & his wife Ermengarde de Carcassonne.  The marriage contract of "Raymundus Bernardus vicecomes et Hermengard mulier mea…filia nostra…Guilherma" and "Petro…Ato" [Pierre Vicomte de Bruniquel] is dated 29 Oct 1069 and names "in comitatu Ruthenense…castrum…Bruscha…[et] castrum…Castro-novo…[et] castrum…Lavineira…[et] medietatem de…castro de Juliano et de…castro de Rocabruno…" as her dowry[249].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 26 Jun 1070 under which “Remundus Bernardi vicecomes cognomento Trencaveis et Ermengardis vicecomitissa conjux mea, filia…Rangardis comitissæ” transferred property to “Raimundo comiti Barcheonæ et Almodi comitissæ coniugi tuæ et filio vestro Raymundo Berengarii” which names “Guillermus vicecomes Biterrensis…avus Petri Raymundi”, and is subscribed by “Guillerma filia Ermengardis vicecomitissæ[250].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Jun 1156 under which her grandsons "Arnaldus et Ademarus frater meus de Brunichel" sold "castrum de Bruscha" inherited from "avia nostra Guillerma…mater patris nostri Atonis" to "Raymundo Trencavello vicecomiti Biterrensi et filio tuo Rogerio de Biterris"[251].  [Guillerma may have married secondly Gérard ---: "Geraldus et uxor mea…Willelma et consanguinei mei Petrus vicecomes et Frotard" donated "ecclesiam de Cambone" to the abbey of Vabre by charter dated Apr [1105][252].  The connection with Pierre Vicomte [de Bruniquel] is best explained if the donor´s wife was same person as the dowager vicomtesse de Bruniquel.]  Pierre Athon [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIERRE ATHON [II] (-after 1139).  Vicomte de Bruniquel.  "Atto vicecomes et Fina uxor Armanni vicecomitis" donated property to Moissac, for the soul of "prædicti Artmanni vicecomitis", to Conques by charter dated to [1120][253].  "Petro vicecomite filio Guilherma" confirmed a donation by Bishop Froterius dated 1139[254].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated Jun 1156 under which his sons "Arnaldus et Ademarus frater meus de Brunichel" sold "castrum de Bruscha" inherited from "avia nostra Guillerma…mater patris nostri Atonis" to "Raymundo Trencavello vicecomiti Biterrensi et filio tuo Rogerio de Biterris"[255]m ---.  The name of Pierre Athon´s wife is not known.  Pierre Athon [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          ADEMAR de Bruniquel (-after 1164).  Vicomte de Bruniquel.  "Arnaldus et Ademarus frater meus de Brunichel" sold "castrum de Bruscha" inherited from "avia nostra Guillerma…mater patris nostri Atonis" to "Raymundo Trencavello vicecomiti Biterrensi et filio tuo Rogerio de Biterris" by charter dated Jun 1156[256]A charter dated 18 Sep 1156 records an agreement between "Ademar et Arnald vicecomites de Brunichel" and "Austor filium Austor de Lunas" relating to "castrum de Bruscha"[257].  La Croix refers to a charter dated 1164 under which “Ademaro vicecomite de Burniquel” founded the abbey of Saint-Marcel en Quercy (without reproducing the full text)[258]

ii)         ARNAUD [Armand] de Bruniquel (-after Jan 1163)Vicomte de Bruniquel.  "Arnaldus et Ademarus frater meus de Brunichel" sold "castrum de Bruscha" inherited from "avia nostra Guillerma…mater patris nostri Atonis" to "Raymundo Trencavello vicecomiti Biterrensi et filio tuo Rogerio de Biterris" by charter dated Jun 1156[259].  A charter dated 18 Sep 1156 records an agreement between "Ademar et Arnald vicecomites de Brunichel" and "Austor filium Austor de Lunas" relating to "castrum de Bruscha"[260].  “Arnaldus Bernardi Montislavardi et Braida soror eius” donated “honorem de Vacarescas” to Quercy Saint-Marcel by charter dated Jan 1163, witnessed by “Armandus vicecomes Brunequelli...[261].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc equates "Armandus" in this document to Arnaud Vicomte de Bruniquel[262].  [m [as her second husband,] PETRONILLE, widow of ---, daughter of --- (-after [1160]).  The speculation about this marriage is based on the charter dated to [1160] which records a donation by "na Peironela la viscomtessa" of property "en la parrochia de la gleisa de Biule" to Moissac, with the consent of "nArnaus Bernars sos fils et sa filla na Braida"[263], read together with the charter dated Jan 1163 under which “Arnaldus Bernardi Montislavardi et Braida soror eius” donated “honorem de Vacarescas” to Quercy Saint-Marcel, witnessed by “Armandus vicecomes Brunequelli...[264].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggests that Pétronille was the sister and heiress of the brothers of Adémar and Arnaud/Armand Vicomtes de Bruniquel[265].  However, this suggestion does not explain why Pétronille used the vicecomital title in [1160] when the charter dated Jan 1163 demonstrates that her supposed brother Arnaud/Armand was still alive at the time.  It appears more likely that Pétronille was the wife of Vicomte Arnaud/Armand and that her two children named in both these documents were born from an earlier marriage.] 

b)         [ARMAND (-before [1120]).  Vicomtem FINA, daughter of ---.  "Atto vicecomes et Fina uxor Armanni vicecomitis" donated property to Moissac, for the soul of "prædicti Artmanni vicecomitis", to Conques by charter dated to [1120][266].] 

 

 

Two possible brothers or first cousins: 

1.         PIERRE (-after 9 May [1105])Vicomte [de Bruniquel].  "Petrus vicecomes et conjux mea Fides" donated "podium...Duris...et mansum de Pomariola" to the abbey of Vabre, in return for “mansum de Canta-Perdicis...in Gortes et...mansum de Verniola...in terminio de Artuitu”, by charter dated 9 May [1105][267].  "Geraldus et uxor mea…Willelma et consanguinei mei Petrus vicecomes et Frotard" donated "ecclesiam de Cambone" to the abbey of Vabre by charter dated Apr [1105][268]m FOI de Narbonne, daughter of BERNARD Vicomte de Narbonne & his wife Fides [Foi] de Rouergue (-after 9 May [1105]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Petrus vicecomes et conjux mea Fides" exchanged property with the abbey of Vabre by charter dated 9 May [1105], subscribed by "Aldeberti…"[269]

2.         [FROTARD (-after Apr [1105]).  "Geraldus et uxor mea…Willelma et consanguinei mei Petrus vicecomes et Frotard" donated "ecclesiam de Cambone" to the abbey of Vabre by charter dated Apr [1105][270].  The document does not specify that the relationship between Frotard and Vicomte Pierre.  However, they were both described as “consanguinei” of the donor so a close family relationship between the two is indicated, especially as all the donors held a joint interest in the property donated.  It is possible that they were either brothers or first cousins.] 

 

 

1.         --- m [as her first husband,] PETRONILLE, daughter of --- (-after [1160]).  A charter dated to [1160] records a donation by "na Peironela la viscomtessa" of property "en la parrochia de la gleisa de Biule" to Moissac, with the consent of "nArnaus Bernars sos fils et sa filla na Braida"[271].  Pétronille may have married secondly Arnaud [Armand] Vicomte de Bruniquel.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggests that Pétronille was the sister and heiress of the brothers of Adémar and Arnaud/Armand Vicomtes de Bruniquel[272].  However, this suggestion does not explain why Pétronille used the vicecomital title in [1160] when the charter of her two children dated Jan 1163 (see below) demonstrates that her supposed brother Arnaud/Armand was still alive at the time.  It appears more likely that Pétronille was the wife of Vicomte Arnaud/Armand and that her two children named below were born from an earlier marriage.  Two children: 

a)         ARNAUD BERNARD de Montlavard (-after Jan 1163).  A charter dated to [1160] records a donation by "na Peironela la viscomtessa" of property "en la parrochia de la gleisa de Biule" to Moissac, with the consent of "nArnaus Bernars sos fils et sa filla na Braida"[273].  “Arnaldus Bernardi Montislavardi et Braida soror eius” donated “honorem de Vacarescas” to Quercy Saint-Marcel by charter dated Jan 1163, witnessed by “Armandus vicecomes Brunequelli...[274].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc equates "Armandus" in this document to Arnaud Vicomte de Bruniquel[275]

b)         BRAIDE (-after Jan 1163).  A charter dated to [1160] records a donation by "na Peironela la viscomtessa" of property "en la parrochia de la gleisa de Biule" to Moissac, with the consent of "nArnaus Bernars sos fils et sa filla na Braida"[276].  “Arnaldus Bernardi Montislavardi et Braida soror eius” donated “honorem de Vacarescas” to Quercy Saint-Marcel by charter dated Jan 1163, witnessed by “Armandus vicecomes Brunequelli...[277]

 

 

 

D.      SEIGNEURS de CASTRES (MONTFORT)

 

 

Castres is located in the present-day French département of Tarn about 40 kilometres south of Albi.  Simon de Montfort granted the town to his brother Guy during the crusade against the Albigeois, dated to [1210].  After the death in 1300 without direct heirs of Jean [II] de Montfort Seigneur de Castres (who was also conte di Squillace e Montescaglioso in southern Italy), the town was inherited by his younger sister Eléonore wife of Jean [V] Comte de Vendôme.  Jean II King of France elevated Castres to the status of a county in 1356 in favour of Jean [VI] Comte de Vendôme.  The county passed in 1364 to Jean de Bourbon Comte de la Marche, along with the county of Vendôme, and in the mid-15th century to the family of the comtes d´Armagnac.  It was reunited with the French crown by King François I in 1519. 

 

 

GUY de Montfort, son of SIMON [IV] Seigneur de Montfort & his wife Amicie of Leicester (-killed in battle Vareilles near Pamiers 31 Jan 1228, bur Abbaye de Haute-Bruyère).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the mother of "comes Symon Montisfortis et Guido frater eius" as "Guilelmum comitem Licestrie…sorore"[278].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gui de Monfort" as brother of "Symon le conte de Montfort"[279].  A charter dated Feb 1199 recalls a donation to the leprosery of Grand-Beaulieu near Chartres by "Amauricus de Monteforti", with the consent of "Amauricus parvus filius eiusdem Amaurici, qui erat sub custodia Amaurici de Mestenon", and the confirmation by "Simon de Monteforti, predictorum successor virorum et heres" with the consent of "uxore mea Eva [presumably an error for Alix] et filiis meis Amaurico et Guidone et fratre meo Guidone"[280].  "Symon dominus Montisfortis et Guido frater meus" confirmed donations to Saint-Martin-des-Champs made by "comes Amauricus abavus noster" by charter dated 1 Jan/9 Apr 1200 or 1 Jan/25 Mar 1201[281].  Seigneur de Brétencourt 1202.  "Li cuens Symon de Monfort et Gui ses freres" left on crusade in 1202[282].   Villehardouin records that, after the siege of Zara, "Simon de Montfort [and]…his brother Guy de Montfort" deserted the army to join the king of Hungary[283].  Seigneur de Ferté-Alais.  The Continuator of William of Tyre records that, after their arrival in Palestine, "li cuens Symon de Montfort" remained in the land and "ses freres Guis si prist a feme la dame de Saete"[284].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records the arrival of "li quens Simons de Montfort, et Guis ses freres" in Palestine [in 1204] and that "Guis prist à feme le dame de Saiete"[285]Seigneur de Castres-en-Albigeois:  the Historia Albigensium of Pierre de Vaux-Cernay records the return "a partibus transmarinis" of "comes…Guido frater eius germanus" who held "castrum in diocese Albigensi…Castra", dated to [1211] from the context[286].  "Guido de Monteforti" donated property to "ecclesiæ de Pruliano", with the consent of "uxoris Alicis Sidoniæ dominæ", by charter dated 1 Jun 1216[287].  The necrology of Haute-Bruyère lists members of the Montfort family who are buried in the abbey, including "…conte Gui de Sagette qui fut frere du conte Simon…"[288]

m firstly ([1204]) as her second husband, HELVIS Ibelin, widow of RENAUD of Sidon Lord of Sagette, daughter of BALIAN of Ibelin Lord of Nablus & his wife Maria Komnene ([1182]-before 1 Jun 1216).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "uxorem Renaldi de Sidone" as the daughter of "Bethuliani de Guibelin" & his wife and her second husband "Guido de Monteforti", but does not name her[289].  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "une fille…Heloys, et un fiz Johan et une autre fille Marguerite, et un fiz Phelippe" as children of "Belleem de Ybelin" & his wife, stating that "Heloys" was wife firstly of "Renaut seignor de Seete" and secondly of "Gui de Monfort"[290].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records the arrival of "li quens Simons de Montfort, et Guis ses freres" in Palestine [in 1204] and that "Guis prist à feme le dame de Saiete"[291].  "Guido de Monteforti" donated property to "ecclesiæ de Pruliano", with the consent of "uxoris Alicis Sidoniæ dominæ", by charter dated 1 Jun 1216[292]

m secondly (before Jul 1224) as her second husband, BRIENDE de Beynes, widow of LAMBERT de Thury Baron de Lombers, daughter of LAMBERT Adémar co-Seigneur de Monteil Baron de la Garde & his wife Tiburge de Baux.  "Brienni uxoris mee et Filippi filii mei et ceterorum liberorum meorum" consented to the donation by "Guido de Monteforti" to Port-Royal by charter dated Jul 1224[293].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and first marriage has not yet been identified. 

Guy & his first wife had three children: 

1.         PHILIPPE de Montfort (-murdered Tyre 12 Aug 1270).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Phelippe de Monfort et II filles Prunelle et Florence" as children of "Gui de Monfort" and his wife "Heloys"[294].  "Brienni uxoris mee et Filippi filii mei et ceterorum liberorum meorum" consented to the donation by "Guido de Monteforti" to Port-Royal by charter dated Jul 1224[295].  He succeeded his father in 1228 as Seigneur de Castres-en-Albigeois et de La Ferté-Alais.  Seigneur de Brétencourt 1230.  He arrived in Palestine in 1239[296].  After Tyre was captured in 1243 from the Filangieri brothers, Raoul de Soissons co-regent of Jerusalem demanded the city for the kingdom of Jerusalem, but with support from the Ibelin family it was given as a fief to Philippe de Montfort who thereby became Lord of Tyre[297].  Henri I King of Cyprus, in his capacity of regent of Jerusalem, confirmed Philippe's possession of Tyre in 1246[298].  He was pretender to the throne of Armenia in 1248, by right of his second wife[299].  After Hugues III King of Cyprus succeeded as king of Jerusalem in 1268, he attempted to heal the rifts between the families of the Frankish knights and in particular proposed the marriage of his own sister to Philippe de Montfort's son[300].  He was murdered while he and his older son were praying in a chapel by one of the Assassins of Syria on the orders of Sultan Baibars[301]m firstly (before 1228) ELEONORE de Courtenay, daughter of PIERRE [II] Seigneur de Courtenay Emperor of Constantinople & his second wife Yolande de Flandre Marquise de Namur ([1208]-before 1230, bur Paris, Abbaye Saint-Antoine des Champs).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Phelippe de Monfort" married "la fille au comte d'Ausseure"[302].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m secondly (after 6 Jul 1240) MARIE of Antioch, daughter of RAYMOND RUPEN Prince of Antioch & his wife Héloise of Cyprus (1215-).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marie" as the daughter of "prince Rupin" & his wife, stating that she was (second) wife of "mesire Phelippe de Monfort"[303].  She succeeded her paternal grandmother as heiress of Toron.  The Chronicle of Philippe de Novare refers to the wife of "messier Phelippe de Montfort" as "la dame dou Toron"[304].  Philippe [I] & his first wife had three children: 

a)         PHILIPPE [II] de Montfort (-Tunis 24 Sep 1270, bur Castres).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Phelippe qui fu nom Coton" as son of "Phelippe de Monfort" and "la fille au comte d'Ausseure", stating that Philippe "morut"[305]Seigneur de Castres et de la Ferté-Alais. 

-        see below

b)         other children: LORDS of TYRE

2.         PERNELLE de Montfort .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Phelippe de Monfort et II filles Prunelle et Florence" as children of "Gui de Monfort" and his wife "Heloys", specifying that the daughters were nuns[306].  Nun at Saint-Antoine des Champs, Paris. 

3.         FLORENCE de Montfort .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Phelippe de Monfort et II filles Prunelle et Florence" as children of "Gui de Monfort" and his wife "Heloys", specifying that the daughters were nuns[307].  Nun. 

Guy & his second wife had three children: 

4.         ALICIE de Montfort .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Nun at Port-Royal 1259. 

5.         AGNES de Montfort .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Nun at Port-Royal 1259. 

6.         GUIDON de Montfort (-on crusade, before his mother).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

 

 

PHILIPPE [II] de Montfort, son of PHILIPPE de Montfort Lord of Tyre & his first wife Eléonore de Courtenay (-Tunis 24 Sep 1270, bur Castres).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Phelippe qui fu nom Coton" as son of "Phelippe de Monfort" and "la fille au comte d'Ausseure", stating that Philippe "morut"[308]Seigneur de Castres et de la Ferté-Alais.  "Symon de Monteforti comes Lincestrie" granted his proxy to administer the county of Bigorre to "dominum Philippum de Monteforti…consanguineum nostrum" by charter dated 9 Apr 1259[309].  The testament of "Philippus de Monteforti", dated 1 Apr 1271, names "uxoris nostre Johanne"[310].  A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis records the death "IV Kal Oct" in 1270 of "dominus Philippus de Monte Forti junior, filius Philippi senioris" and his burial "ad fratres Castrenses"[311]

m JEANNE de Levis, daughter of GUY [II] de Levis Maréchal de Mirepoix & his wife Jeanne --- (-30 May 1284, bur Castres).  A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis names "dominæ Johannæ" as widow of "dominus Philippus de Monte Forti junior, filius Philippi senioris"[312].  A charter dated 15 May 1295 included in the cartulary of Notre-Dame de la Roche records the partition of property of Montfort and Castro, agreed by "Joannes de Monteforti comes Squllacii et Montis-Caviosi ac regni Siciliæ camerarius, Bernardus de Convenis miles…et domicella Elienore de Monteforti" which names their parents "bonæ memoriæ D Philippi de Monteforti patris et D Joannæ de Leviers matris nostrum predictorum Joannis, Lauræ et Elienoris"[313].  A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis records the death "III Kal Jun" in 1284 of "domina Johanna uxor quondam...domini Philippi...filia domini Mirapicis"[314]

Philippe [II] & his wife had five children: 

1.         JEANNE de Montfort ([1255/60]-1300).  Her birth date range is estimated from the birth of her first child (by her first marriage) in [1274/75].  Jeanne must have been considerably older than her sister Eléonore, considering her own estimated birth date and that her sister gave birth to four children after her marriage in [1295/1302].  A charter dated [1/28] Nov 1282 records an agreement between the monks of Cluny and "Ludovicum dominum Bellijoci", and names “dominam Ysabellam matrem suam, relictam domini Raynaudi, quondam comitis Forensis, patris sui” and “dominam Johannam, relictam Guidonis, quondam fratris dicti Ludovici, et comitis Forensis[315].  The court of Lyon confirmed the guardianship of "Gioanni figlio pupillo di Guidone Conte di Forest" naming "Gioanna di Monfort Contessa di Forest Madre del detto Gioanni" and her second marriage with "Lodovico di Savoia Signore di Vaud fratello del Conte Amedeo" by charter dated 23 Jun 1283[316].  The testament of "dominæ Joannæ de Monteforti quondam comitissæ Forensis, uxorisque quondam…domini Ludovici de Sabaudia domini Vaudi" dated Nov 1293 chooses her burial "in cimiterio Fratrum Minorum Montisbrisonis" and makes bequests to "a Gioanni di lei figlio Conte di Forest…ad Isabella di Lei figlia moglie di Berardo di Merevel…a Lora, Margarita, Gioannetta, Beatrice, Eleonora, Cattarina e Bianca pur sue figlie…a Pietro di Lei figlio…altri suoi Benidto Lodovico suo figlio"[317].  She is not named in the agreement dated 15 May 1295 which records the partition of property between her brother and sisters (see above)[318], which suggests that she may have died before that date.  m firstly (1268) GUY [VI] Comte de Forez, son of RENAUD Comte de Forez [Albon] & his wife Isabelle de Beaujeu (-19 Jan 1278).  m secondly (1278) as his second wife, LOUIS de Savoie Baron de Vaud, son of THOMAS II Conte [Marchese] del Piemonte & his second wife Beatrice Fieschi ([1254]-[10 Jan 1302/27 Apr 1303]). 

2.         JEAN [II] de Montfort (-Foggia [1/3] Dec 1300, bur Foggia, transferred 29 Jun 1305 to Castres).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan…conte d'Esquilach et conte chamberlain" as second son of "Phelippe de Monfort" and "la fille au conte d'Ausseure", stating that Jean died without heirs[319], but this confuses Philippe [I] with Philippe [II].  Seigneur de Castres et de la Ferté-Alais.  A charter dated 15 May 1295 included in the cartulary of Notre-Dame de la Roche records the partition of property of Montfort and Castro, agreed by "Joannes de Monteforti comes Squllacii et Montis-Caviosi ac regni Siciliæ camerarius, Bernardus de Convenis miles…et domicella Elienore de Monteforti" which names their parents "bonæ memoriæ D Philippi de Monteforti patris et D Joannæ de Leviers matris nostrum predictorum Joannis, Lauræ et Elienoris"[320].  Conte di Squillace e Montescaglioso.  Captain-General of Calabria 1299.  A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis records the death "Kal Dec" in 1300 of "dominus Johannes de Monte Forti comes Squillaci et Montis Caveosi ac camerarius regni Siciliæ, dominus terræ Albigesii", his burial "Fogia...in ecclesia Fogitana" where he died, and his transfer 29 Jun 1305 "ad conventum Castrensem"[321]m firstly ISABELLA Maletta, daughter of MANFREDO Maletta & his wife [Filippa di Antiochia].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly GIOVANNA di Fasanella Signora di Genzano, daughter of PANDOLFO di Fasanella & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m thirdly MARGUERITE de Beaumont-en-Gâtinais, daughter of PIERRE Seigneur de Beaumont-en-Gâtinais & his wife --- (-Marseille Mar 1307).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1290 under which “Johannes de Monteforti, Squillacii et Montiscanosi comes, ac regni Sicilie camerarius et Margarita uxor mea” confirmed a bequest by “quondam dominus Petrus, dominus Bellimontis…socer noster et pater prefate Margarete” to the abbey of Saint-Antoine[322].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  She married secondly Robert [II] de Dreux Seigneur de Beu [Capet] (-1303). 

3.         LAURE de Montfort (-before 1 Dec 1300).  The marriage contract between "Bertrandum filium…domini Bernardi de Turre" and "unam de filiabus…domini Philippi de Monteforti…Lauretæ et Helyonors" is dated Feb 1269 (O.S.)[323].  A charter dated 15 May 1295 included in the cartulary of Notre-Dame de la Roche records the partition of property of Montfort and Castro, agreed by "Joannes de Monteforti comes Squllacii et Montis-Caviosi ac regni Siciliæ camerarius, Bernardus de Convenis miles…" which specifies that the latter was "primogenitus D comitis Convenarum" and that he was acting for "Lauræ de Monteforti consortis nostræ"[324]Betrothed (Feb 1270) to BERTRAND [III] de la Tour, son of BERNARD [II] Seigneur de la Tour & his wife Yolande --- (-24 Nov 1296).  He succeeded his father in 1276 as Seigneur de la Tour.  m BERNARD [VII] Comte de Comminges, son of BERNARD [VI] Comte de Comminges & his wife Thérèse --- (-21 Jul 1312).

4.         ELEONORE de Montfort (-after 18 May 1338, bur Castres).  The marriage contract between "Bertrandum filium…domini Bernardi de Turre" and "unam de filiabus…domini Philippi de Monteforti…Lauretæ et Helyonors" is dated Feb 1269 (O.S.)[325].  A charter dated 15 May 1295 included in the cartulary of Notre-Dame de la Roche records the partition of property of Montfort and Castro, agreed by "Joannes de Monteforti comes Squllacii et Montis-Caviosi ac regni Siciliæ camerarius, Bernardus de Convenis miles…et domicella Elienore de Monteforti" which names their parents "bonæ memoriæ D Philippi de Monteforti patris et D Joannæ de Leviers matris nostrum predictorum Joannis, Lauræ et Elienoris"[326]Dame de Castres.  A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis records the presence of "domina Helyonorda de Monte Forti...comitissa Vindocinensis cum tribus filiis suis, soror et heres præfati domini Johannis de Monte Forti" at the reburial of the body of the latter at Castres in 1305[327].  The necrology of Port-Royal records the donation in 1314 by "dame Alienor de Montfort comtesse de Vendosme" for "son…filz Buchard comte de Vendosme le premier né"[328]Betrothed (Feb 1270) to BERTRAND [III] de la Tour, son of BERNARD [II] Seigneur de la Tour & his wife Yolande --- (-24 Nov 1296).  He succeeded his father in 1276 as Seigneur de la Tour.  m ([15 May 1295/28 Feb 1302]) JEAN [V] Comte de Vendôme, son of BOUCHARD [V] Comte de Vendôme & his wife Marie de Roye (-after 18 May 1315). 

5.         SIMON de Montfort (-Apulia 24 Jan 1275, bur Castres).  A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis records the death "IX Kal Feb...in partibus Apuliæ" in 1275 of "dominus Simon de Monte Forti miles, filius...domini Philippi patroni nostri" and his burial "in eadem ecclesia Sancti Vicentii ad pedes genitoris sui"[329]

 

 

 

E.      VICOMTES de LAUTREC

 

 

The Lautrec vicomté was located in the southern part of the ancient county of Albi, the village of Lautrec itself lying about 15 km north-west of Castres in the present-day French département of Tarn.  The surviving sources are insufficient to reconstruct the early generations of the family of the Vicomtes de Lautrec with any confidence.  Even Père Anselme does not attempt a reconstruction but, unusually, limits his review of the family to a listing of documents in which they are named (without providing precise citation references)[330].  Olhagaray (in 1609) ignored the early vicomtes de Lautrec completely, stating that Raymond VI Comte de Toulouse invested his brother Baudouin (whom he calls “premier vicomte”) with the vicomté, which Baudouin´s descendants continued to hold until its transfer to Gaston II Comte de Foix in [1439][331]

 

Olhagaray´s imprecise statement leads us to consider another problem associated with the Lautrec family: the later development of a theory which posits that the vicomtes de Lautrec, after the early 13th century, belonged to a second dynasty supposedly descended from the comital family of Toulouse.  This theory would explain two puzzles: firstly, why the later “comtes de Toulouse-Lautrec” were authorised to use a compound of the names of both families in their own title; secondly, the family relationship between Frotard [IV] Vicomte de Lautrec (named in a charter dated 1209) and Vicomte Sicard [VI] (named in 1224), about which the known surviving primary sources are silent.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc quotes Pierre Louvet (mid-17th century) as the first secondary source to state that “Alix unique héritière de Lautrec” married a member of the comital family of Toulouse to whom she brought the vicomté, traces the development of the theory through other 17th century authors, and highlights that all these historians held contradictory positions concerning the precise identity of Alix´s supposed husband (none of the reconstructions are feasible from a chronological point of view)[332].  The origin of the idea behind “Alix unique héritière de Lautrec” is not explained.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc appears to be the first secondary authority to suggest a chronologically robust hypothesis, suggesting that “Alix...de Lautrec” was the sister of Vicomte Frotard [IV], that she married Baudouin brother of Comte Raymond VI and that, after the death of her supposed brother, she inherited the vicomté which she transmitted to her children[333].  The supposed Baudouin de Toulouse/Alix de Lautrec marriage contract appears to have been mentioned (but not produced) during the 1447 claim brought by Antoine [I] de Lautrec Seigneur de Montfa for official recognition of use of the “Toulouse-Lautrec” name, although the precise role played by the supposed document in the lawsuit is not known and the issue appears tainted by suspicions of forgery[334].  Emile Jolibois, in his late 19th century Histoire du Pays d´Albigeois, states that “on a bien, dans un procès jugé au XVe siècle, cité leur contrat de mariage qui se trouvait, disait-on, dans les archives de Carcassonne; mais rien n´est venu depuis justifier cette assertion”, although he also highlights the arrival of the name “Bertrand” (used several times in the Toulouse comital family) in the Lautrec family after the alleged marriage which is suggestive of the connection[335].  Since that time, the marriage has been widely accepted, for example by Magné & Dizel who comment that the marriage contract “devait brûler plus tard dans l´incendie des archives de Carcassonne[336]

 

Further documentary evidence concerning the question has emerged more recently.  Zalmen Ben-Nathan in 2002 published a manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec (dating it to [1455]) which states that Vicomte Sicard [VI] was the son of Vicomte Frotard [IV][337].  While the document is late to be categorised as a primary source, Ben-Nathan discusses strong indications that it was prepared from documents dated 1338/39 which record the results of the enquiry ordered by Philippe VI King of France before granting half the Lautrec vicomté to Gaston II Comte de Foix[338].  The historical precision of the manuscript´s author, mid-15th century archivist Michel du Bernis, has been praised in another context[339].  Nevertheless, even if Bernis reproduced the 1338/39 information accurately, that documentation was still written more than a century after the events which it purported to record.  The newly emerged manuscript cannot therefore be considered as providing the definitive solution to the question.  This doubt is further emphasised by yet another source: Père Anselme refers to the 10 Feb 1269 (O.S.) contract for the marriage between Bertrand [III] Seigneur de la Tour and one of the daughters of Philippe de Montfort Seigneur de Castres et de la Ferté-Alais, under which Isarn [III] Vicomte de Lautrec acted as guarantor and whose Lautrec seal attached to the original document includes “une croix vuide pommettée comme celle de Toulouse[340].  This “Toulouse” part of the arms of Toulouse-Lautrec was retained through future generations of the Lautrec/Toulouse-Lautrec family.  There seems no reason for the blazon to have been used in 1269 unless a relationship had existed between the two families, although Zalmen Ben-Nathan opines that the use does not amount to “la preuve sûre d´une éventuelle alliance dynastique[341].  He justifies his opinion by citing the similar case of the arms of the comtes de l´Isle-Jourdain, which also included the Toulouse cross, although he does not refer to their descent from a daughter of Raymond V Comte de Toulouse which could have justified the quartering of the Toulouse arms.  In conclusion, in the present day there is no way of reaching a definitive conclusion based on the available evidence.  A Lautrec/Toulouse family relationship, if it did exist, could have taken many forms and there seems no reason to retain the “Alix de Lautrec/Baudouin de Toulouse” marriage as the only acceptable one. 

 

 

1.         --- .  m RANGARDE, daughter of ---.  She is named in the [985] charter which names her son.  One child: 

a)         ISARN [I] (-[Sep 987/989]).  Vicomte [de Lautrec].  The testament of "Gersindæ comitissæ", dated to [972], bequeathed property for life "ecclesiam meam de Bar" to "Isarnus vicecomes"[342].  "Froterius episcopus filius Ermendructæ" swore allegiance to "Isarno filio Rangardæ" relating to "castello…Lautrico", and both parties agreed to act jointly in approving any changes, by charter dated to [985][343].  "Pontius comes" donated "illum meum vicum de Viancio" to the church of Albi, on the advice of "Isarni vicecomitis", by charter dated Sep 987[344]

 

2.         --- .  m ERMENTRUDE, daughter of ---.  She is named in the [985] charter which names her son.  One child: 

a)         FROTARD [I] (-990).  Bishop of Cahors 968.  "Froterius episcopus filius Ermendructæ" swore allegiance to "Isarno filio Rangardæ" relating to "castello…Lautrico", and both parties agreed to act jointly in approving any changes, by charter dated to [985][345].  The wording of the document suggests, but does not state explicitly, that there was a close family relationship between the two parties.  According to Emile Jolibois, they were half-brothers, sons of another Vicomte Sicard (for whose existence no primary source has been identified) by different marriages[346], but they could just as easily have been first cousins who both inherited an interest in Lautrec. 

 

 

1.         --- .  m AVIERNA, daughter of ---.  She is named in the [989] charter which names her son.  One child: 

a)         SICARD [I] (-after [989]).  From a chronological point of view, it is possible that Sicard [I] was the son of Vicomte Isarn [I] but no primary source has been identified which confirms that this affiliation is correct.  Vicomte [de Lautrec].  "Sicardus vicecomes filius Avierna" swore allegiance to "Froterio episcopo, filio Hermendructæ" for "illo castello…Lautrico" by charter dated to [989][347]

 

 

Two brothers.  From a chronological point of view, they could have been the sons of Vicomte Sicard [I] but no primary source has been identified which confirms this affiliation. 

1.         ISARN [II] (-after Oct [1038]).  Vicomte [de Lautrec].  "Isarnus et Frotardus" donated the abbey of Vielmur to the church of Notre-Dame du Puy for the souls of “genitoribus geniticibusque nostris” by charter dated Oct [1038], signed by "Isarno vicecomite, Frotardi, Remigii, Fredelone, Guisla vicecomitissa…"[348].  [m GUISLA, daughter of --- (-after Oct [1038]).  "Isarnus et Frotardus" donated the abbey of Vielmur to the church of Notre-Dame du Puy for the souls of “genitoribus geniticibusque nostris” by charter dated Oct [1038], signed by "Isarno vicecomite, Frotardi, Remigii, Fredelone, Guisla vicecomitissa…"[349].  The document does not specify whether “Guisla vicecomitissa” was the wife of Isarn but this is one possibility.  Another possibility is that she was the mother of the two donors.] 

2.         FROTARD [II] (-1084).  "Isarnus et Frotardus" donated the abbey of Vielmur to the church of Notre-Dame du Puy for the souls of “genitoribus geniticibusque nostris” by charter dated Oct [1038], signed by "Isarno vicecomite, Frotardi, Remigii, Fredelone, Guisla vicecomitissa…"[350].  Bishop of Albi. 

 

 

[Two possible brothers]: 

1.         SICARD [II] (-after 1079).  The chronology suggests that Sicard was the successor of Vicomte Isarn [II] and therefore may have been his son.  No primary source has been identified which confirms this affiliation.  Vicomte [de Lautrec].  “Raimundum vicecomitem, et Sicardum et Frotardum vicecomites...” are named as present in the charter dated 1079 which records the restoration of the church of Albi[351]

2.         [FROTARD [III] (-after 1079).  Vicomte [de Lautrec].  “Raimundum vicecomitem, et Sicardum et Frotardum vicecomites...” are named as present in the charter dated 1079 which records the restoration of the church of Albi[352].  The document does not specify that “Sicardum et Frotardum vicecomites” were brothers.  They may also have been cousins.] 

 

 

1.         GUILABERT de Lautrec (-after [1112]).  "Gillabertus de Lauraco et filii mei Gillabertus, Sicardus atque Gausbertus" swore allegiance to Bernard Aton Vicomte de Béziers by charter dated to [1112][353]m ---.  The name of Guilabert´s wife is not known.  Guilabert & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUILABERT .  "Gillabertus de Lauraco et filii mei Gillabertus, Sicardus atque Gausbertus" swore allegiance to Bernard Aton Vicomte de Béziers by charter dated to [1112][354]

b)         SICARD [III] .  "Gillabertus de Lauraco et filii mei Gillabertus, Sicardus atque Gausbertus" swore allegiance to Bernard Aton Vicomte de Béziers by charter dated to [1112][355]

c)         GAUSBERT .  "Gillabertus de Lauraco et filii mei Gillabertus, Sicardus atque Gausbertus" swore allegiance to Bernard Aton Vicomte de Béziers by charter dated to [1112][356]

 

 

1.         --- .  The primary source which confirms the name of Sicard´s father has not been identified.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggests that he may have been Vicomte Isarn [II] who is named above, but this does not appear possible from a chronological point of view[357]m AVA, daughter of ---.  She is named as the mother of Sicard [IV] in the charter dated 1 Aug 1142 which is quoted below.  One child: 

a)         SICARD [IV] (-[1159/60]).  Vicomte de Lautrec"Rogerius vicecomes et Sicardus vicecomes" made an agreement dated 1141[358].  "Sicardus filius Avæ fæminæ" swore allegiance to "Rogerio filio Cæciliæ" relating to "castello...Montlauder" by charter dated 1 Aug 1142[359].  “Sicardus de Lautrec vicecomes” donated property to Candeil by charter dated 1149[360].  “Sichards de Laurag fils d´Ava” swore allegiance to "Raimuns Trencavel vescons de Beders fils de Cecilia vescomtesse et…Roger fils de Raimuns Trencavel et de Saura comtesse" for "lo castel de Montlauder" by charter dated 16 Jul 1152[361].  “Sicardus de Laurac et uxor mea” donated property to the abbot of Candeil by charter dated 1157, signed by “Sicardus lo vescoms de Lautrec...[362].  “Sicardus filius Avæ” swore allegiance to “Raymundo Trencavelli filio Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ et...Rogerio filio R. Trencavelli et Sauræ comitissæ“ by charter dated 1158[363].  “Sicardus vicecomes Lautricensis” donated property to “S. Pontio", to enable "filium meum Raymundum“ to become a monk there, by charter dated 1159, signed by "Sicardi filii sui"[364]m --- (-after 1157).  “Sicardus de Laurac et uxor mea” donated property to the abbot of Candel by charter dated 1157, signed by “Sicardus lo vescoms de Lautrec...[365].  Sicard & his wife had three children: 

i)          SICARD [V] (-1193 or after).  “Sicardus vicecomes Lautricensis” donated property to “S. Pontio", to enable "filium meum Raymundum“ to become a monk there, by charter dated 1159, signed by "Sicardi filii sui"[366]Vicomte de Lautrec.  “Sicardus vicecomes de Lautrec et...Petrus frater eius” confirmed the donations to Candeil by “Sicardus vicecomes pater noster" by charter dated 1160[367]m (before 1176) ADELAIS de Béziers, daughter of RAYMOND TRENCAVEL Vicomte de Béziers & his [second] wife Saura ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated Feb 1188 under which "Sicardus vicecomes de Lautrec" acknowledged the dowry received from "D. vicecomiti Biterrensi...D. Rogerio" when he married "Alazaici sorore tua"[368].  Sicard [V] & his wife had [two] children: 

(a)       [FROTARD [IV] (-after 1209).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc states that “l’acte de l’an 1209” (quoted below) “est le seul que nous ayons de lui” but says that “il aura...été fils de Sicard V, soit que celui-ci l´ait d´Alix de Béziers ou d´une seconde femme[369].  Zalmen Ben-Nathan cites a charter, which has not yet been consulted, but provides no details so it is not known whether this is the same as the 1209 document[370]Vicomte de Lautrec.  "Frotars vescoms de Lautrec" is named in a charter dated 18 Sep 1209[371].] 

-         see below

(b)       [ALIX de Lautrec .  As noted in the Introduction to the present section, the Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggests that “Alix...de Lautrec” was the sister of Vicomte Frotard [IV], that she married Baudouin brother of Comte Raymond VI and that, after the death of her supposed brother, she inherited the vicomté which she transmitted to her children[372].  This suggestion is not based on any surviving primary source evidence.  The supposed Baudouin de Toulouse/Alix de Lautrec marriage contract appears to have been mentioned (but not produced) during the 1447 claim brought by Antoine [I] de Lautrec Seigneur de Montfa for official recognition of use of the “Toulouse-Lautrec” name, although the precise role played by the supposed document in the lawsuit is not known and the issue appears tainted by suspicions of forgery[373].  Emile Jolibois, in his late 19th century Histoire du Pays d´Albigeois, states that “on a bien, dans un procès jugé au XVe siècle, cité leur contrat de mariage qui se trouvait, disait-on, dans les archives de Carcassonne; mais rien n´est venu depuis justifier cette assertion”, although he also highlights the arrival of the name “Bertrand” (used several times in the Toulouse comital family) in the Lautrec family after the alleged marriage which is suggestive of the connection[374].  As discussed further in the Introduction, another source suggests that the children attributed to Alix and her marriage to Baudouin de Toulouse were in fact the children of Vicomte Frotard [IV].  m ([1196]) BAUDOUIN de Toulouse, son of RAYMOND V Comte de Toulouse & his wife Constance de France (Paris 1165-Montauban 12 Mar 1214).] 

ii)         RAYMOND (-after 1159).  “Sicardus vicecomes Lautricensis” donated property to “S. Pontio", to enable "filium meum Raymundum“ to become a monk there, by charter dated 1159, signed by "Sicardi filii sui"[375].  Monk. 

iii)        PIERRE (-after 1160).  “Sicardus vicecomes de Lautrec et...Petrus frater eius” confirmed the donations to Candeil by “Sicardus vicecomes pater noster" by charter dated 1160[376]

b)         [RAYMOND de Lautrec (-15 Apr 1163).  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc names “Raimond de Lautrec” as abbé de Saint-Antonin de Frédelas and later bishop of Toulouse but does not specify his parentage[377].  The chronology suggests that, if he was a member of the vicecomital family, he would have been the brother of Vicomte Sicard [IV].  Bishop of Toulouse [1139/40].] 

 

 

It is not clear whether the following family group was related or not to the main family of the vicomtes de Lautrec: 

1.         PIERRE ERMENGAUD de Lautrec (-[1203/09]).  His date of death is fixed by the contract dated 1209 which names his supposed son or brother Hugues Ermengaud and the latter´s wife and father-in-law.  m ---.  The name of Pierre Ermengaud´s wife is not known.  Pierre Ermengaud & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         GUILABERT (-[1206]).  His parentage is confirmed by his marriage contract, quoted below.  m (1203) as her first husband, INDIA de Toulouse, illegitimate daughter of RAYMOND V Comte de Toulouse & his mistress --- (-after 2 Mar 1228).  The marriage contract of "Petrus Ermengavus de Lautrico…Guilabertum filium meum" and "Indiæ sorori…D. comitis Tolosæ" by charter dated 1203 in the presence of "eiusdem D. Raymundi comitis"[378].  She married secondly (11 Feb 1207) Bernard [II] Seigneur de l´Isle-Jourdain.  A charter dated 11 Feb 1207 confirms the marriage of "D. N. Bernardus Jordanus de Insula" and "India", witnessed by "Bernardus comes Convenarum…Jordanus frater Bernardi Jordani"[379].  The co-identity with the widow of Guilabert is confirmed by a charter dated Jan 1211 which notes that "D. India soror D. comitis Tolosæ" reached agreement with "Ugoni Ermengavo filio Petri Ermengavi de Lautreg" about her dowry, naming "Guilaberto suo marito", with the agreement of "Bernardi Jordani de Insula sui mariti"[380].  A charter dated 1209 notes that "D. Raymundus…dux Narbonæ, comes Tolosæ" absolved "Aymerico de Castro-novo et D. Castellanæ filiæ eius, et Ugoni Ermengavo marito ipsius D. Castellanæ" from payment of the dowry for "dominam Indiam sororem eius, quondam uxorem Guilaberti, filii Petri Eremengavi de Lautrico"[381]

b)         [HUGUES ERMENGAUD (-after 1209).  A charter dated 1209 notes that "D. Raymundus…dux Narbonæ, comes Tolosæ" absolved "Aymerico de Castro-novo et D. Castellanæ filiæ eius, et Ugoni Ermengavo marito ipsius D. Castellanæ" from payment of the dowry for "dominam Indiam sororem eius, quondam uxorem Guilaberti, filii Petri Eremengavi de Lautrico"[382].  This charter does not specify that Hugues Ermengaud was the son of Pierre Ermengaud.  Another possibility is that they were brothers, although the fact that Hugues Ermengaud´s father was alive in 1209 suggests that this may be less probable.  m CASTELLANE de Castelnau, daughter of AIMERY de Castelnau & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 1209 which notes that "D. Raymundus…dux Narbonæ, comes Tolosæ" absolved "Aymerico de Castro-novo et D. Castellanæ filiæ eius, et Ugoni Ermengavo marito ipsius D. Castellanæ" from payment of the dowry for "dominam Indiam sororem eius, quondam uxorem Guilaberti, filii Petri Eremengavi de Lautrico"[383].] 

 

 

Two brothers.  Magné & Dizel name Baudouin, son of Comte Raymond V, and his wife Alix supposed daughter of Sicard [V] Vicomte de Lautrec (see above), as parents of these two brothers and therefore ancestors of the later Comtes de Toulouse-Lautrec[384].  The arguments relating to this supposed ancestry are discussed fully in the Introduction to the present section dealing with the vicomtes de Lautrec.  As noted there, a manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], states that the two brothers were sons of Frotard [IV] Vicomte de Lautrec: “Dominus Frotardus dominus et vicecomes Lautricensis” had “duos...filios legitimos...dominum Sicardum et dominum Bertrandum” who succeeded their father when he died[385].  As discussed earlier, there are points in favour of each hypothesis and there appears no way of deciding sensibly which is the more probable case on the basis of the information currently available. 

1.         SICARD [VI] (-[Dec 1224/1240])Vicomte de Lautrec"Sicardus vicecomes…" witnessed the contract of marriage between "Matfredus de Rabastenx...Comtoressæ filiæ [suæ]" and "D. Ramundo...duci Narbonæ, comiti Tolosæ...Bertrando fratrem nostrum" dated Dec 1224[386]m AGNES Mauvoisin, daughter of GUY [V] Mauvoisin & his wife Alix ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  Sicard [VI] & his wife had eight children: 

a)         PIERRE (-after 24 May 1258).  The manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], names “dominus Petrus, dominus Amalricus “lo Pros”, dominus Isarnus, dominus Frotardus et dominus Bertrandus fratres eius” as sons of “Sicardo...filio...domini Frotardi[387]Vicomte de Lautrec.  A manuscript chronicle records that "Petrus vice-comes Lautrici" swore allegiance to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse in 1240 for "castro suo de Brugeria et aliis"[388].  "Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec…et Pierre, Isarn, Sicard, Gui, Bertrand et Amalric frères, vicomtes de Lautrec ses neveux" agreed to partition the vicomté de Lautrec by charter dated Apr 1242[389].  A charter dated 13 Feb 1258 was issued "coram domino Bertrando vicecomite Lautricensi et domino P. vicecomite Lautricensi, domino Isarno, domino Bertrando et domino Amalrico vicecomitibus fratribus suis"[390].  A charter dated 24 May 1258 records an agreement between "dominum Philippum de Monteforti juniorem" and “dominum Petrum vicecomitem Lautricensem...eius uxor domina Vacqueria” relating to “castro de Affiaco”, naming “Isarnus et Bertrandus fratres eiusdem[391]m as her first husband, VACQUERIE de Monteil-Ademar, daughter of LAMBERT Adémar de Monteil {now Montélimar, Drôme} Seigneur de Lombers & his wife Bérengère de Lautrec[392].  A charter dated 24 May 1258 records an agreement between "dominum Philippum de Monteforti juniorem" and “dominum Petrum vicecomitem Lautricensem...eius uxor domina Vacqueria” relating to “castro de Affiaco”, naming “Isarnus et Bertrandus fratres eiusdem[393].  She married secondly Jourdain [IV] Seigneur de l´Isle-Jourdain.  A charter dated 2 Oct 1271 records disputes between "dominam Vacqueriam uxorem...domini Jordani de Insula" and "dominos Bertrandum et Amalricum fratres, vicecomites Lautricenses" about the dowry of the former for her marriage to "dominum Petrum quondam vicecomitem Lautricensem, virum suum quondam dicte domine Vacquerie" whose heirs were the latter brothers[394]

b)         ISARN [III] (-after 4 Aug 1267).  The manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], names “dominus Petrus, dominus Amalricus “lo Pros”, dominus Isarnus, dominus Frotardus et dominus Bertrandus fratres eius” as sons of “Sicardo...filio...domini Frotardi[395].  "Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec…et Pierre, Isarn, Sicard, Gui, Bertrand et Amalric frères, vicomtes de Lautrec ses neveux" agreed to partition the vicomté de Lautrec by charter dated Apr 1242[396].  A charter dated 13 Feb 1258 was issued "coram domino Bertrando vicecomite Lautricensi et domino P. vicecomite Lautricensi, domino Isarno, domino Bertrando et domino Amalrico vicecomitibus fratribus suis"[397].  A charter dated 24 May 1258 records an agreement between "dominum Philippum de Monteforti juniorem" and “dominum Petrum vicecomitem Lautricensem...eius uxor domina Vacqueria” relating to “castro de Affiaco”, naming “Isarnus et Bertrandus fratres eiusdem[398].  Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse instructed "Philippo de Monteforti, militi" to restore "villam...Brugueria" to "Ysarni vicecomitis Lautricensis et Bertrandi fratris ipsius" having taken it from them unlawfully, by documents dated 4 Aug 1267 and 1 Dec 1267[399]

-        SEIGNEURS de MONTREDON, SEIGNEURS de MONTFA, COMTES de TOULOUSE-LAUTREC

c)         FROTARD .  The manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], names “dominus Petrus, dominus Amalricus “lo Pros”, dominus Isarnus, dominus Frotardus et dominus Bertrandus fratres eius” as sons of “Sicardo...filio...domini Frotardi[400]

d)         SICARD (-before 6 Jun 1267).  "Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec…et Pierre, Isarn, Sicard, Gui, Bertrand et Amalric frères, vicomtes de Lautrec ses neveux" agreed to partition the vicomté de Lautrec by charter dated Apr 1242[401].  Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse names "Sycart viconte de Lautré, domzel" in a document dated 17 Nov 1267[402]

e)         GUY d'Albi (-after 6 Jun 1267).  "Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec…et Pierre, Isarn, Sicard, Gui, Bertrand et Amalric frères, vicomtes de Lautrec ses neveux" agreed to partition the vicomté de Lautrec by charter dated Apr 1242[403].  Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse "senescallo Tholose et Albiensis" noted in a document dated 6 Jun 1267 that "Guido dictus Albigiensis, miles, frater quondam vicecomitis Lautricensis" requested rights of succession to his brother's estate[404]

f)          BERTRAND (-after 2 Oct 1271).  The manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], names “dominus Petrus, dominus Amalricus “lo Pros”, dominus Isarnus, dominus Frotardus et dominus Bertrandus fratres eius” as sons of “Sicardo...filio...domini Frotardi[405].  "Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec…et Pierre, Isarn, Sicard, Gui, Bertrand et Amalric frères, vicomtes de Lautrec ses neveux" agreed to partition the vicomté de Lautrec by charter dated Apr 1242[406].  A charter dated 13 Feb 1258 was issued "coram domino Bertrando vicecomite Lautricensi et domino P. vicecomite Lautricensi, domino Isarno, domino Bertrando et domino Amalrico vicecomitibus fratribus suis"[407].  A charter dated 24 May 1258 records an agreement between "dominum Philippum de Monteforti juniorem" and “dominum Petrum vicecomitem Lautricensem...eius uxor domina Vacqueria” relating to “castro de Affiaco”, naming “Isarnus et Bertrandus fratres eiusdem[408].  Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse instructed "Philippo de Monteforti, militi" to restore "villam...Brugueria" {Labruguière, Tarn} to "Ysarni vicecomitis Lautricensis et Bertrandi fratris ipsius" having taken it from them unlawfully, by document dated 4 Aug 1267 and 1 Dec 1267[409].  A charter dated 2 Oct 1271 records disputes between "dominam Vacqueriam uxorem...domini Jordani de Insula" and "dominos Bertrandum et Amalricum fratres, vicecomites Lautricenses" about the dowry of the former for her marriage to "dominum Petrum quondam vicecomitem Lautricensem, virum suum quondam dicte domine Vacquerie" whose heirs were the latter brothers[410]m ---.  The name of Bertrand´s wife is not known.  Bertrand & his wife had one child: 

i)          BEATRIX .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m (before 28 Jul 1298) PHILIPPE de Levis, son of GUY [III] de Lévis Maréchal de Mirepoix & his wife Isabelle de Marly [Montmorency] (-after 12 Jun 1304). 

g)         AMAURY (-after 2 Oct 1271).  The manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], names “dominus Petrus, dominus Amalricus “lo Pros”, dominus Isarnus, dominus Frotardus et dominus Bertrandus fratres eius” as sons of “Sicardo...filio...domini Frotardi[411].  "Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec…et Pierre, Isarn, Sicard, Gui, Bertrand et Amalric frères, vicomtes de Lautrec ses neveux" agreed to partition the vicomté de Lautrec by charter dated Apr 1242[412].  A charter dated 13 Feb 1258 was issued "coram domino Bertrando vicecomite Lautricensi et domino P. vicecomite Lautricensi, domino Isarno, domino Bertrando et domino Amalrico vicecomitibus fratribus suis"[413].  A charter dated 2 Oct 1271 records disputes between "dominam Vacqueriam uxorem...domini Jordani de Insula" and "dominos Bertrandum et Amalricum fratres, vicecomites Lautricenses" about the dowry of the former for her marriage to "dominum Petrum quondam vicecomitem Lautricensem, virum suum quondam dicte domine Vacquerie" whose heirs were the latter brothers[414]

-        SEIGNEURS d´AMBRES.

h)         BEATRIX .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m SICARD d´Aleman, son of ---.  Principal adviser of Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse[415]

2.         BERTRAND [I] (-[13 Feb/24 May] 1258).  Vicomte de Lautrec.  "Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec…et Pierre, Isarn, Sicard, Gui, Bertrand et Amalric frères, vicomtes de Lautrec ses neveux" agreed to partition the vicomté de Lautrec by charter dated Apr 1242[416].  A charter dated 13 Feb 1258 was issued "coram domino Bertrando vicecomite Lautricensi et domino P. vicecomite Lautricensi, domino Isarno, domino Bertrando et domino Amalrico vicecomitibus fratribus suis"[417]m ---.  The name of Bertrand´s wife is not known.  Bertrand [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         SICARD [VII] (-after 1300).  The manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], names “dominus Sicardus “lo Gros”” as the son of “domino Bertrando fratre...domini Sicardi[418]m ---.  The name of Sicard´s wife is not known.  Sicard [VII] & his wife had one child: 

i)          BERTRAND [II] (-after 20 May 1321).  The manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], names “plures liberi inter quos...Bertrandus heres universalis ac vicecomes Lautricensi” as children of “domino Sicardo “lo Gros” filio...domini Bertrandi” and states that Bertrand transferred “dimidiam partem dicti vicecomitatus...cum vicecomitato de Caramanhio” to “francorum regem” who sold it to “domino Gastoni Fuxi comiti[419].  Bertrand exchanged his part of the vicomté de Lautrec with Philippe IV King of France for the vicomté de Caraman in 1306[420]

 

 

The precise relationships between the following individuals and the main Lautrec family have not been identified: 

 

1.         BERTRANDVicomte de Lautrecm ---.  The name of Bertrand´s wife is not known.  Bertrand & his wife had one child: 

a)         BEATRIX (-[1352])Vicomtesse de Lautrec.  "Béatrix de Lautrec" bequeathed money for her future marriage to her daughter Regine, by her testament dated 30 Jul 1315[421].  Jean I Comte d´Armagnac, acting for his wife "fille et heritière de feu Bertrand de Goth vicomte de Lomagne et d´Auvillars", assigned a pension to "Béatrix de Lautrec, veuve de Bertrand de Goth" by charter dated 10 Jun 1324[422].  "Regina de Gutto comitissa Armaniaci Fesenciaci et Ruthenensis vicecomitissaque Leomaniæ et Altavillaris", under her testament dated 12 Aug 1325, appointed "dominæ Beatrici vice-comitissæ Lautricensi matri suæ…Rogerio de Armaniaco et Domino Amanevo de Lebreto" as her executors[423]m firstly BERTRAND de Goth, son of ARNAUD GARSIE de Goth [later Vicomte de Lomagne et d´Auvillars] & his wife Miramonde de Mauléon (-[22 May/4 Jun] 1324).  He succeeded his father in 1311 as Vicomte de Lomagne et d´Auvillars.  m secondly ROGER de la Barthe ecuyer, son of ---. 

 

2.         PHILIPPE (-after 1389).  Vicomte de Lautrec.  A manuscript chronicle records that "Philippus vice-comes Lautrici" swore allegiance for his vicomté to the French king in 1389[424]

 

3.         HUGUES d´Arpajon (-after 1389).  Vicomte de Lautrec.  A manuscript chronicle records that "D. Ugo de Arpajou vice-comes Lautrici" swore allegiance for "castro suo de Bellagarda" to the French king in 1389[425]

 

4.         HUGUES de Caraman (-after 1402).  Vicomte de LautrecA manuscript chronicle records that "D. Hugo de Caramanno vice-comes Lautrici" swore allegiance for "suo vice-comitatu...[et] Saxiaco" to the French king in 1402[426]

 

 

 

F.      VICOMTES de SAINT-ANTONIN

 

 

Saint-Antonin-Noble-Val is located on the river Aveyron, between Sept-Fonds to the west and Feneyrols to the east, south-east of Cahors in the present-day French département of Tarn-et-Garonne.  The names of the vicomtes de Saint-Antonin suggest a close relationship with the family of the vicomtes de Lautrec.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc comments cautiously that “les noms d´Isarn et de Frotard attachés à leur maison, de même qu’à celle des vicomtes de Lautrec en Albigeois, peuvent donner lieu de conjecturer qu’ils étaient de la même race, ou du moins que les premiers s´ètaient alliés avec les autres[427].  Guirondet, in his 1872 study of the family, highlights that the arms of the two families were completely different (Lautrec “de gueules, au lion d´or”; Saint-Antonin “de gueules à la croix cléchée et vidée d´or”)[428].  He notes the similarity of the Saint-Antonin shield to that of the comtes de Toulouse (“de gueules, à la croix cléchée, vidée et pommetée d´or”) and suggests a common ancestry with the Rouergue branch of the Toulouse comital family.  However, Guirondet pushes his argument too far by referring to a supposed younger son of Raymond [II] Comte de Rouergue, named Isarn, who would have been the father of the brothers Vicomte Isarn [I] and Frotard (see below) but cites no primary source which confirms the existence of this person. 

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         ISARN [I] (-after 23 Jul 1083).  Vicomte de Saint-Antonin.  “Isarni vicecomitis Sancti Antonini, Frotardi fratris eius...” subscribed the charter dated 23 Jul 1083 which records that Guillaume IV Comte de Toulouse recognised the rights of the canons over the church of Toulouse Saint-Sernin[429]

2.         FROTARD [I] (-after 23 Jul 1083).  “Isarni vicecomitis Sancti Antonini, Frotardi fratris eius...” subscribed the charter dated 23 Jul 1083 which records that Guillaume IV Comte de Toulouse recognised the rights of the canons over the church of Toulouse Saint-Sernin[430]

 

 

Three brothers, parents not known, presumably descended in some way from Vicomte Isarn [I] or his brother. 

1.         ISARN [II] (-after Jun 1155).  Vicomte de Saint-Antonin.  "Isarnus vicecomes et fratres eius Guillelmus Jordani et Petrus vicecomes" agreed with "Guillelmo de Fontanis et filiis suis et suis nepotibus, filiis…Umberti fratris sui" to divide their territories by charter dated Jun 1155[431]

2.         GUILLAUME JORDAN (-after Jun 1155).  "Isarnus vicecomes et fratres eius Guillelmus Jordani et Petrus vicecomes" agreed with "Guillelmo de Fontanis et filiis suis et suis nepotibus, filiis…Umberti fratris sui" to divide their territories by charter dated Jun 1155[432]

3.         PIERRE (-after Jun 1155).  Vicomte.  "Isarnus vicecomes et fratres eius Guillelmus Jordani et Petrus vicecomes" agreed with "Guillelmo de Fontanis et filiis suis et suis nepotibus, filiis…Umberti fratris sui" to divide their territories by charter dated Jun 1155[433]

 

 

1.         ISARN [III] (-after Feb 1197).  Vicomte de Saint-Antonin.  "Isarnz lo vescoms de S. Antoni" ratified past acquisitions in his lands by the Templars at Vaour {Tarn} by charter dated May 1182[434].  "...Isarni vicecomitis Sancti Anthonini..." witnessed the charter dated to [1190] under which "R. comes Tolosæ dux Narbonæ marchio Provinciæ" and others donated property to Candeil abbey[435].  Guirondet states that Vicomte Isarn sold land near the stream of Bonnette to the inhabitants of Saint-Antonin by charter dated Feb 1197[436]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         FROTARD [II] (-after Feb 1198).  Vicomte de Saint-Antonin.  "Frotardz lo vescoms de Saint Antoni et Sicariz sos fraire" ratified past acquisitions by the Templars at Vaour {Tarn} by charter dated Apr 1182[437].  "...Forto vicecomite Sancti Antonini" witnessed the charter dated to [1186] under which "Ricardus comes Pictavensis filius regis Anglie" granted protection to Candeil abbey[438].  Guirondet states that Vicomte Frotard and his wife Bertrande sold rights in the castle of Caussade to Rather de Caussade (“son fils”) by charter dated Feb 1197 (O.S.)[439].  “Frotardum vicecomitem S. Antonini, Biertrandam uxorem eius et Izarndum eorum filium" sold their interest in "castro de Causada" to "Raterio de Causada, filio Raterii vicecomitis" by charter dated 2 Jul 1198[440]m as her second husband, BERTRANDE, widow of RATHER Vicomte de Caussade, daughter of --- (-after 2 Jul 1198).  Guirondet states that Vicomte Frotard and his wife Bertrande [de Caussade] sold rights in the castle of Caussade to Ratier de Caussade (“son fils”) by charter dated Feb 1197 (O.S.)[441].  “Frotardum vicecomitem S. Antonini, Biertrandam uxorem eius et Izarndum eorum filium" sold their interest in "castro de Causada" to "Raterio de Causada, filio Raterii vicecomitis" by charter dated 2 Jul 1198[442].  Frotard & his wife had two children: 

a)         ISARN [IV] (-after Mar 1246).  “Frotardum vicecomitem S. Antonini, Biertrandam uxorem eius et Izarndum eorum filium" sold their interest in "castro de Causada" to "Raterio de Causada, filio Raterii vicecomitis" by charter dated 2 Jul 1198[443]Vicomte de Saint-Antonin.  Guirondet states that [Vicomte] Isarn transferred rights to the inhabitants of Saint-Antonin and Louis IX King of France by charter dated Mar 1246[444]

b)         BERNARD HUGUES (-after Mar 1250).  Vicomte de Saint-Antonin.  Guirondet states that Bernard Hugues “dernier vicomte de Saint-Antonin” transferred rights which he held “par la succession de feu Frotard son père sur la ville de Saint-Antonin, sur le château de Bonne et sur la ville de Saint-Cyr” to the inhabitants of Saint-Antonin and Louis IX King of France by charter dated Mar 1250[445]

2.         SICARD (-after Dec 1184).  "Frotardz lo vescoms de Saint Antoni et Sicariz sos fraire" ratified past acquisitions by the Templars at Vaour {Tarn} by charter dated Apr 1182[446]Vicomte de Saint-Antonin.  "Sicardus vicecomes" ratified past acquisitions by the Templars at Vaour {Tarn} by charter dated Dec 1184[447]

 

 

1.         PONS (-after 1212).  Vicomte de Saint-Antonin.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc records that in 1212 the bishop of Albi, leading part of the army of Simon de Montfort, besieged Saint-Antonin until the castle was delivered by "Pons vicomte de Saint-Antonin" who was imprisoned at Carcassonne, the government of Saint-Antonin being granted to Baudouin de Toulouse, brother of Raymond VI Comte de Toulouse[448].  This episode is recorded in an anonymous chronicle relating the war of the Albigeois[449]

 

 

 

G.      VICOMTES de TOULOUSE

 

 

Vicomtes de Toulouse are recorded from the late 9th/early 10th century.  No definite information has been found which indicates the precise role of the vicomte in the county, in particular whether his authority (presumably limited mainly to judicial matters, as representative of the comte de Toulouse) was limited to the town of Toulouse itself or extended to the whole geographical area of the county.  It is not possible, on the basis of the surviving documentation, to reconstruct a list of succeeding vicomtes de Toulouse.  In particular, there is a gap of about a century between Adémar [I] (mid-10th century) and Adémar [II] (mid-11th century) during which no reference has been found to any vicomte de Toulouse.  No further mention of any vicomte de Toulouse has been found after the death of Adémar [II], dated to [1098]. 

 

 

1.         --- .  [Vicomte de Toulouse].  m AVIGERNA, daughter of GERARD Comte de Limoges & his wife Adaltrude --- (-after [894/909]).  The Vita Sancti Geraldi Aureliacensis Comitis records that "Raimundum…comitem filium…Odonis" captured "nepotem domni Geraldi…Benedictum, Tolosæ…vicecomitem" and that "Geraldus…cum sorore sua Avigerna" requested his release[450].  Two children: 

a)         BENOIT (-[before 13 Oct 909]).  The Vita Sancti Geraldi Aureliacensis Comitis records that "Raimundum…comitem filium…Odonis" captured "nepotem domni Geraldi…Benedictum, Tolosæ…vicecomitem" and that "Geraldus…cum sorore sua Avigerna" requested his release[451].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc dates the event to [894/909], the earlier date being when the monastery of Aurillac was founded and the latter the date of death of Benoît´s maternal uncle[452]Vicomte de Toulouse.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggests that Benoît predeceased his maternal uncle as he is not named in the latter´s testament[453]

b)         RENAUD (-after 13 Oct 909).  The Vita Sancti Geraldi Aureliacensis Comitis records that "Rainaldus…frater ipsius" offered himself as a hostage after "nepotem domni Geraldi…Benedictum, Tolosæ…vicecomitem" was captured[454].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc states that Renaud was appointed heir in the testament of his maternal uncle Gérard Comte d´Aurillac[455]

 

2.         ADEMAR [I] (-after 961).  Vicomte de Toulouse.  The testament of "Raymundus comes" is dated 961, bequeathed property "alode de Laugiago…Fessago…Campoguidano…Valencio" to "Ademario vicecomite Tolosano"[456]

 

 

Four brothers, parents not known: 

1.         ARMAND (-after Sep 1083).  "Artmannus et frater meus vicecomes Ademarus necnon et Pontius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Saturnini…in pago Caturcino…in loco…Siurag" to the monastery of Moissac by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "Ademari vicecomitis, Artmanni fratris eius, Pontii fratris eorum, Raymundi-Ademarii fratris eorum, Willelmi filii eius"[457]Vicomte [de Toulouse].  A charter dated Feb [1080] records the same donation by "Armandus et Ademarus vicecomites" and adds that "uxoris suæ et filiorum suorum" (referring to Adémar) gave advice[458].  “Artmannus et Ademarius vicecomites” founded a chapel “in Caturcensi pago in territorio subtus ipsum Brunechildum castrum, inter fulima Veræ et Avarionis” by charter dated Sep 1083[459]

2.         ADEMAR [II] ([1025/30]-after Jul 1098)Vicomte [de Toulouse].  His birth date is estimated on the assumption that he was already vicomte in [1050], and presumably an adult at that time.  The reasoning is based on his testament, dated to [1098] and quoted below, which refers to property usurped from Moissac abbey and from which he obtained revenue from “Willelmo episcopo seniori meo”, who is identified as Guillaume Bishop of Cahors (named as such between 1028 and 1052) by the Histoire Générale de Languedoc[460].  Given the dating of the document, which is reasonably robust, it is likely that the usurpation took place during the later part of the bishop´s tenure.  “Ademaro vicecomiti...” subscribed the charter dated Mar 1067 under which “Wm comes” donated “ecclesiam...in pago Tolosano in terminio de Villa Longa...in honore Sancti Georgii martiris” to Toulouse Saint-Sernin[461].  "Artmannus et frater meus vicecomes Ademarus necnon et Pontius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Saturnini…in pago Caturcino…in loco…Siurag" to the monastery of Moissac by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "Ademari vicecomitis, Artmanni fratris eius, Pontii fratris eorum, Raymundi-Ademarii fratris eorum, Willelmi filii eius"[462].  A charter dated Feb [1080] records the same donation by "Armandus et Ademarus vicecomites" and adds that "uxoris suæ et filiorum suorum" (referring to Adémar) gave advice[463].  "Guillelmus Tolonanensium, Albensium seu Caturcensium, Lutevensium, Petragorensium, Carcassonensium, Aginnensium necne Astarachensium comes et dux…cum uxore mea…Emma" confirmed donations by "proavuo…meo Pontio Aquitanorum duce" to Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated 16 Jun 1080, signed by "…Ademari vicecomitis…"[464].  “Artmannus et Ademarius vicecomites” founded a chapel “in Caturcensi pago in territorio subtus ipsum Brunechildum castrum, inter flumina Veræ et Avarionis” by charter dated Sep 1083[465]Vicomte de Bruniquel: “Ademarus vicecomes de Bruniquel” settled a dispute concerning “eclesia de Tauro et de alio honore Sancti Saturnini” by undated charter[466].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc dates this charter to [1061/97] because of the presence of Raymond Ebon Bishop of Lectoure and concludes "ce qui prouve évidemment qu´Adhémar III vicomte de Toulouse prenait aussi le titre de vicomte de Bruniquel", highlighting that "il possédait le domaine de ce château avec son frère Armand" as demonstrated by the charter dated Sep 1083 (quoted above) under which he founded a priory “auprès du château de Bruniquel[467].  “Wm comes Pictavensis et uxor mea Philippia” donated “villam...Sancti Petri de Blaniaco” to Toulouse Saint-Sernin, in the presence of “Bernardis vicecomitis Biterrensis et Ademari vicecomitis Tolosani”, by charter dated Jul 1098[468].  The testament of "Ademarus vicecomes Tolosanus", undated but dated to [1098], records that he had usurped “alodem...de Majuse” from Moissac abbey, that it had brought him revenue from “Willelmo episcopo seniori meo et postea de Gausberto abbate”, and that subsequently he had donated half this revenue to “Duranni tunc temporis ipsius loci abbatis”, referring also to "filii mei"[469]m ---.  The name of Adémar´s wife is not known.  A charter dated to [1090] refers to a donation by "Guillelma la viscomtessa" to "san Salvador"[470], but it is not clear whether this refers to the wife/widow of Vicomte Adémar.  Adémar [II] & his wife had two or more children:

a)         [GUILLAUME .  "Artmannus et frater meus vicecomes Ademarus necnon et Pontius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Saturnini…in pago Caturcino…in loco…Siurag" to the monastery of Moissac by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "Ademari vicecomitis, Artmanni fratris eius, Pontii fratris eorum, Raymundi-Ademarii fratris eorum, Willelmi filii eius"[471].  The identity of Guillaume´s father is unclear from this passage.  The word "eius" could apply either to Ademar or to Raymond Adémar, although the former appears more likely.] 

b)         children .  The testament of "Ademarus vicecomes Tolosanus", dated to [1098], refers to "filii mei"[472]

3.         PONS (-after 1074).  "Artmannus et frater meus vicecomes Ademarus necnon et Pontius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Saturnini…in pago Caturcino…in loco…Siurag" to the monastery of Moissac by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "Ademari vicecomitis, Artmanni fratris eius, Pontii fratris eorum, Raymundi-Ademarii fratris eorum, Willelmi filii eius"[473]

4.         RAYMOND ADEMAR (-after 1074).  "Artmannus et frater meus vicecomes Ademarus necnon et Pontius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Saturnini…in pago Caturcino…in loco…Siurag" to the monastery of Moissac by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "Ademari vicecomitis, Artmanni fratris eius, Pontii fratris eorum, Raymundi-Ademarii fratris eorum, Willelmi filii eius"[474]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    COMTES de CARCASSONNE

 

 

A.      COMTES de CARCASSONNE et de RAZES [812]-[933]

 

 

According to Bisson, the family of the first comtes de Carcassonne was of Visigothic descent[475].  It is true that some of the names used by the early comtes (for example Oliba and Dela) were used by Catalonian counts, in whose families other names are those of 7th century Visigothic duces (see the document SPAIN, VANDALS, SUEVI & VISIGOTHS).  Aurell suggests that they probably originated in Conflent, an ancient vicaria located in present-day Pyrénées-Orientales[476].  However, it is not clear that the different nobles who are attributed in the primary sources with jurisdiction over Carcassonne during the late 8th and early 9th centuries were related.  It was unusual during that period in France for fiefdoms to be awarded with hereditary rights, as is demonstrated by the absence of dynastic counties among the Carolingian nobility (see the document CAROLINGIAN NOBILITY).  In any case, it is not certain that the names of all the 9th century rulers in Carcassonne are known.  For example, there is a gap of more than thirty years between the last mention of Comte Oliba [I] and the first mention of Comte Oliba [II] in 870. 

 

During the first half of the 9th century, it is unclear whether Carcassonne was under the suzerainty of the Marquisate of Gothia or the March of Spain. The question may be moot: as mentioned in the Introduction to the document CATALONIA, it is possible that the March of Spain and Septimania/Gothia were governed as a single territory at that time.  By the late 9th century, Carcassonne was within the sphere of influence of the comtes de Toulouse: the Annales Bertiniani record in 872 that Charles II “le Chauve” King of the West Franks granted “Carcasonem et Rhedas” to “Bernardo…Tholosæ comite[477].  No indication has been found that the county of Carcassonne left the suzerainty of the counts of Toulouse thereafter. 

 

It is not clear how the county was transmitted to the family of the Comte de Comminges after the death of Acfred [II] Comte de Carcassonne in [933].  Settipani highlights that the most obvious explanation is that Arsinde, wife of Arnaud Comte de Comminges and mother of Roger [I] Comte de Carcassonne who was the next recorded count, was the daughter of Acfred [II], although he accepts that there is no proof of this paternity[478].  As explained below, the chronology for this hypothesis is unfavourable.  Another difficulty is that there is no indication who held the county between the death of Comte Acfred and Roger´s arrival, the date of which is uncertain but is unlikely to have been before the 950s at the earliest.  In particular, no proof has yet been found that the county was inherited by Arsinde's husband, Comte Arnaud, which would have been normal if his wife had been heiress of Carcassonne.  A third difficulty is that none of the names associated with the first family of Comtes de Carcassonne (especially Oliba, Acfred and Sunifred) are found among the descendants of Arsinde and Comte Arnaud. 

 

After the death of Comte Raymond Roger [II] in 1067, the county of Carcassonne passed to the Comtes de Barcelona, while the vicomté of Béziers and Agde passed to his sister Ermengarde and through her to the Vicomtes d'Albi. 

 

 

1.         BELLO (-[before 812]).  “Bellon” is the first known count to have governed Carcassonne, and is named in documents dated after 778 and before 812[479]

 

2.         GISCLAFRED (-after 2 Apr 812).  "Karolus…augustus…imperator Romanum…rex Francorum et Langobardorum" issued a charter dated 2 Apr 812 to the counts in the Spanish march "Berane, Gauscelino, Gisclafredo, Odilone, Ermengario, Ademaro, Laibulfo et Erlino comitibus" instructing them to grant protection to the refugees from Spain[480].  According to Cros-Mayrevieille, he is named in charters dated 812 as governor of Carcassonne but he does not cite the sources[481].  [m AILONA, daughter of ---.  She is shown as Gisclafred's wife by Aurell[482], but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.] 

 

3.         OLIBA [I] (-[1 Nov 835/10 May 837]).  "Oliba comes et uxor mea Elmetrudes" donated property at "villa de Faviès" to the abbey of Lagrasse by charter dated 21 Sep 820[483].  According to Cros-Mayrevieille, he is named in charters dated 821, 825, 835, 837 and 838 as governor of Carcassonne[484].  Pepin I King of Aquitaine donated property to the abbey of Montolieu "in territorio Carcassense super fluvium Duranum…annuente Oliba comite" by charter dated 1 Nov 835[485].  His latest date of death is set by the charter dated 10 May 837 signed by "Richildis femina que fui uxor de conda Olibani comiti" relating to the "villa de Faviès"[486]m firstly ERMENTRUDE, daughter of --- (-[21 Sep 820/830]).  "Oliba comes et uxor mea Elmetrudes" donated property at "villa de Faviès" to the abbey of Lagrasse by charter dated 21 Sep 820[487]m secondly RICHILDA, daughter of --- (-after 10 May 837).  "Richildis femina que fui uxor de conda Olibani comiti" signed a charter dated 10 May 837 relating to the "villa de Faviès" subscribed by "Lighatario, Centullus, Samson, Uczandus, Hugo, Eles"[488]

 

4.         DELA (-after 3 Sep 838).  Pepin I King of Aquitaine donated property to the abbey of Grasse, finished by "Dellone comite et Gisclafredo filio eius", by charter dated 3 Sep 838[489]m ---.  The name of Dela´s wife is not known.  Dela & his wife had one child: 

a)         GISCLAFRED (-after 3 Sep 838).  Pepin I King of Aquitaine donated property to the abbey of Grasse, finished by "Dellone comite et Gisclafredo filio eius", by charter dated 3 Sep 838[490]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known. 

1.         OLIBA [II] ([830/40]-[879]).  Cros-Mayrevieille suggests that Oliba [II] was the son of Oliba [I][491].  The name obviously suggests a close relationship but, in the absence of documentary evidence to the contrary, Oliba [II] could just as easily have been the nephew or grandson of Oliba [I].  In addition, assuming that Oliba [II] was in his thirties when granted property in 870 (which is suggested if his sons were minors when he died), he must have been born late in the life of Oliba [I] if he was the son of the latter.  Comte de Carcassonne.  Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks granted property "in pago Carehasensi" to "Olibam…comitem", by charter dated 20 Jul 870[492].  The Annales Bertiniani record that King Charles II granted “Carcasonem et Rhedas” to “Bernardo…Tholosæ comite” in 872[493].  A charter dated 23 Sep 873 records the foundation of the church of Notre-Dame de Formiguera by "comitibus…Vuifredo et fratre eius Mirone et comitibus Olibano et fratre eius Ayfredo"[494].  Emperor Charles II "le Chauve" granted property "res in Gotia" previously held by "Mirone infideli nostro filio Beram" and “in Carcasense” by “Fredario et uxori suæ Deufianæ…infidelis noster” and “Hostiliti et fratrum suorum…infidelium nostrorum” to "Oolibam comiti Carcasensi", by charter dated 11 Jun 877[495].  A charter of Charles III “le Simple” King of the West Franks dated 3 Nov 908, confirming the assets of “monasterio Crassensi”, mentions property donated by “Bencio comes bonæ memoriæ” which “Oliba comes” held[496]m ---.  The name of Oliba's wife is not known.  Comte Oliba [II] & his wife had two children: 

a)         BENCIO [I] ([860/70]-908).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Carcassonne.  A charter of Charles III “le Simple” King of the West Franks dated 3 Nov 908, confirming the assets of “monasterio Crassensi”, mentions property donated by “Bencio comes bonæ memoriæ” which “Oliba comes” held[497]

b)         ACFRED [II] ([860/70]-after 24 May 934).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded his brother in 908 as Comte de Carcassonne et de Razès.  "Agfredus comes…in civitate Carcassonna" donated "alodem Brucias in comitatu Carcassense…" to the abbey of Montolieu by charter dated 24 May 934, subscribed by "…Radulfus, Ugo, Oliba…"[498]m ---.  The name of Acfred's wife is not known.  Comte Acfred [II] & his wife had [one possible child]:

i)          [ARSINDE ([905/20]-after [959]).  The parentage of the wife of Arnaud Comte de Comminges is not known.  Settipani highlights that the obvious way of explaining the transmission of the county of Carcassonne to the family of the Comtes de Comminges is that Arsinde, wife of Comte Arnaud, was the daughter of Acfred Comte de Carcassonne[499].  This is also assumed to be correct by the Histoire Générale de Languedoc[500].  However, the chronology is not ideal.  As explained below (Part B), it is likely that her son Roger [I] Comte de Carcassonne was born in the later part of the date range [930/40].  If this is correct, it is likely that Arsinde married in [925/35] which would place her own birth in the range [905/20].  Another difficulty is that there is no indication who held the county of Carcassonne between the death of Comte Acfred [II] in [933] and the time when Arsinde's son Roger was comte, the date of which is uncertain but is unlikely to precede the 950s at the earliest.  In particular, no proof has yet been found that the county was inherited by Arsinde's husband, Comte Arnaud, which would have been normal if his wife had been the heiress of Carcassonne.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[501], Arsinde was the daughter of Acfred Duke of Aquitaine.  The primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  It is assumed that it is also speculative based on onomastics.  A third possibility is proposed by Stasser, who suggests that she was the sister of Raymond [I] Comte de Rouergue, on the grounds that it is better supported from the onomastic point of view[502]m ([925/35]) ARNAUD Comte de Comminges et de Couserans, son of --- (-before 27 Nov 957).] 

2.         ACFRED [I] (-before 19 Feb 906).  A charter dated 23 Sep 873 records the foundation of the church of Notre-Dame de Formiguera by "comitibus…Vuifredo et fratre eius Mirone et comitibus Olibano et fratre eius Ayfredo"[503]Comte de Carcassonne et de Razès.  A charter dated 24 Feb 883 records a judgment in the court of "…Aquifredo comite, Sicfredo vicecomite…" at Carcassonne relating to a claim by "Ermenardus…filius quondam genitore meo…Amelio"[504].  A charter dated 19 Feb 906 records the execution of the testament of "Aifredo comite" by "Adalindes comitissa", including the donation of property "in comitatu Redense" to "S. Joannis-Baptiste castrum Malasti...in territorio Carcassense super fluvium Duranno", signed by "Aifredo filio Aifredo"[505].  A charter of Charles III “le Simple” King of the West Franks dated 3 Nov 908, confirming the assets of “monasterio Crassensi”, mentions property “in pago Redense” donated by “Acfredus comes[506]m ADALINDA, daughter of --- (-after 19 Feb 906).  A charter dated 19 Feb 906 records the execution of the testament of "Aifredo comite" by "Adalindes comitissa", including the donation of property "in comitatu Redense" to "S. Joannis-Baptiste castrum Malasti...in territorio Carcassense super fluvium Duranno", signed by "Aifredo filio Aifredo"[507].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[508], he married Adalinda d'Aquitaine, daughter of Bernard "Plantevelue" Comte d'Autun, de Rodez et d'Auvergne & his wife Ermengarde [d'Auvergne], and was father of later dukes of Aquitaine.  The primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  It is possible that the co-identity is based only on speculation from the Cluny charter of Acfred Duke of Aquitaine, dated 2 Oct 927, which names his parents as Acfred and Adelinda, and on the assumption that Acfred [I] Comte de Carcassonne was the only contemporary nobleman of this name[509].  The charter quoted above provides further evidence that the co-identity may not be correct, as the other two known sons of Acfred, father of the two dukes of Aquitaine, did not consent to, or were not otherwise named in, the document.  Acfred [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         ACFRED [II] (-after 19 Feb 906).  A charter dated 19 Feb 906 records the execution of the testament of "Aifredo comite" by "Adalindes comitissa", including the donation of property "in comitatu Redense" to "S. Joannis-Baptiste castrum Malasti...in territorio Carcassense super fluvium Duranno", signed by "Aifredo filio Aifredo"[510]

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de CARCASSONNE (FAMILY of COMTES de COMMINGES)

 

 

ROGER [I] de Comminges "le Vieux", son of ARNAUD Comte de Comminges et de Couserans & his wife Arsinde --- ([930/40]-after Apr 1011).  "Arnaldus et uxor mea Arsindis, et Rodgarius et Odo filiis nostris" donated property to the abbey of Montolieu, near Carcassonne for the souls of "…et Rodgario fratre meo" by charter dated 7 Apr 949[511].  His birth date range is estimated on the assumption that he and his brother were young adolescents or older children at the date of this charter.  His date of death suggests that it is more likely that he was born in the later part of this range.  He succeeded as Comte de Carcassonne, de Razès, de Couserans et de Comminges, Seigneur de Foix, although the date is not known.  "Arsendes comitissa et filius meus Rodgarius comes" sold property to "Gilaberto vicario" by charter dated 29 Nov 957[512].  "Rodgarius comes et uxor mea…Aladaices" exchanged property with "Sancio et uxori suæ…Goidlane et filio illorum Bernardo clerico" by charter dated Apr 970[513].  "Rodgarius comes…cum Adalissa comitissa conjuge mea et Regimundo sobole" donated property "alodem meum de Corniliano" to the monastery of Saint-Hilaire, Carcassonne by charter dated 979[514].  "Roggarius comes…cum coniuge comitissa Adalaice seu Regimundo sobole atque Bernardo sobole" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Hilaire by charter dated Aug 981[515].  "Rotgerius comes et marchio cum coniuge comitissa Adalaisse atque cum prole Regimundo Barnardoque" donated property with the abbey of Saint-Hilaire by charter dated 1 Nov 984[516].  "Rogerius et uxor mea Adaleiz" donated "alodum nostrum…in pago Tolosano in terminio Podagense in villa…Valle" to the abbey of Lézat by charter dated Dec 987[517].  "Rodgarius comes et uxor mea Aladaiz" donated property to the abbey of Lézat by charter dated Aug [1001], signed by "Ramundo, Bernardo, Petrone"[518].  “Rogerius comes”, under his testament dated to [1002], divided his properties, “ad Raimundo filio meo…civitatem Carcassonam cum ipso comitatu carcassense…[et] Redas castellum cum suo comitatu…et ipsa tertia parte de comitatu Cominico” except for certain abbeys given to “filio meo Petrone”, and “ad Bernardo filio meo…comitatu de Cosoragno…castello de Fuxo”, and names “fratre meo Odone comite et…filio suo Arnaldo[519].  "Rogerius comes et conjux mea Adalaizis comitissa" donated property to Saint-Hilaire, including property which "frater meus Oddo comes habuit", for the soul of "fratris mei Oddoni comitis" and for "filio nostro Regimundo comite", by charter dated Apr 1011, signed by "…Bernardus et dominus Petrus…comites…"[520]

m (before Apr 970) as her second husband, ADELAIS, widow of ---, daughter of --- (-after Apr 1011).  "Rodgarius comes et uxor mea…Aladaices" exchanged property with "Sancio et uxori suæ…Goidlane et filio illorum Bernardo clerico" by charter dated Apr 970[521].  Her origin is unknown, although her first marriage is indicated by the reference to her son, presumably by this earlier marriage, in the charter dated 979 which is quoted below.  Stasser has suggested that she was Adelais de Melgueil, daughter of Bernard Comte de Melgueil & his wife Sénégonde [de Rouergue], based on onomastic arguments[522].  "Rodgarius comes…cum Adalissa comitissa conjuge mea et Regimundo sobole" donated property "alodem meum de Corniliano" to the monastery of Saint-Hilaire, Carcassonne by charter dated 979, signed by "Adalaissæ comitissæ, Arnaudi comitis […], Regimundi sobolis meæ"[523].  Jaurgain points out that the words "filii Adalisse, Petri episcopi et comitis" should be added in the subscription list (where shown by square brackets) stating that they were omitted from the edition of the charter quoted in the third edition of the Histoire Générale de Languedoc[524].  Stasser suggests that "Petrus episcopus et comes" who subscribed the 979 charter may have been Pierre de Melgueil bishop of Maguelone, who would have been Adelais's brother[525].  "Roggarius comes…cum coniuge comitissa Adalaice seu Regimundo sobole atque Bernardo sobole" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Hilaire by charter dated Aug 981[526].  "Rotgerius comes et marchio cum coniuge comitissa Adalaisse atque cum prole Regimundo Barnardoque" donated property with the abbey of Saint-Hilaire by charter dated 1 Nov 984[527].  "Rogerius et uxor mea Adaleiz" donated "alodum nostrum…in pago Tolosano in terminio Podagense in villa…Valle" to the abbey of Lézat by charter dated Dec 987[528].  "Rodgarius comes et uxor mea Aladaiz" donated property to the abbey of Lézat by charter dated Aug [1001], signed by "Ramundo, Bernardo, Petrone"[529].  "Rogerius comes et conjux mea Adalaizis comitissa" donated property to Saint-Hilaire, including property which "frater meus Oddo comes habuit", for the soul of "fratris mei Oddoni comitis" and for "filio nostro Regimundo comite", by charter dated Apr 1011, signed by "…Bernardus et dominus Petrus…comites…"[530]

Comte Roger & his wife had four children: 

1.         RAYMOND ROGER de Carcassonne (-before Apr 1011).  "Rodgarius comes…cum Adalissa comitissa conjuge mea et Regimundo sobole" donated property "alodem meum de Corniliano" to the monastery of Saint-Hilaire, Carcassonne by charter dated 979[531].  “Rogerius comes”, under his testament dated to [1002], divided his properties, “ad Raimundo filio meo…civitatem Carcassonam cum ipso comitatu carcassense…[et] Redas castellum cum suo comitatu…et ipsa tertia parte de comitatu Cominico[532].  He succeeded as Comte de Carcassonne

-        see below

2.         BERNARD ROGER de Carcassonne (before Aug 981-[22 Aug 1036/38]).  "Roggarius comes…cum coniuge comitissa Adalaice seu Regimundo sobole atque Bernardo sobole" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Hilaire by charter dated Aug 981[533].  “Rogerius comes”, under his testament dated to [1002], divided his properties, “ad Bernardo filio meo…comitatu de Cosoragno…castello de Fuxo[534].  He succeeded in 1012 as Comte de Couserans and (part) Carcassonne, Seigneur du pays de Foix.  He succeeded as Comte de Bigorre, de iure uxoris.    

-        COMTES de FOIX

3.         PIERRE ROGER de Carcassonne (-1 Aug 1050).  "Rodgarius comes et uxor mea Aladaiz" donated property to the abbey of Lézat by charter dated Aug [1001], signed by "Ramundo, Bernardo, Petrone"[535].  “Rogerius comes”, under his testament dated to [1002], divided his properties, “ad Raimundo filio meo…civitatem Carcassonam cum ipso comitatu carcassense…[et] Redas castellum cum suo comitatu…et ipsa tertia parte de comitatu Cominico” except for certain abbeys given to “filio meo Petrone[536].  "Rogerius comes et conjux mea Adalaizis comitissa" donated property to Saint-Hilaire, including property which "frater meus Oddo comes habuit", for the soul of "fratris mei Oddoni comitis" and for "filio nostro Regimundo comite", by charter dated Apr 1011, signed by "…Bernardus et dominus Petrus…comites…"[537].  Bishop of Girona.  A charter dated to [1013] records an agreement between "Petrus episcopus filius qui sum de Adalaizo comitissa" and “Borrello episcopo filius qui fuisti de Ingilrada fæmina” [Bishop of Osona][538].  “Petrus episcopus” donated property “per præceptum domini Rodgerii comitis patris mei et mater mea…Adalais comitissa” by charter dated 13 Dec 1027[539]

4.         ERMESINDE de Carcassonne (-1 Mar 1058).  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 2 Sep 1019 which names “Raymondus…comes Borreli comitis proles” and by which “Ermisindi…coniux eius comitissa, filia…comitis Carcasonensis Rodegarii” records her husband´s burial “infra canonicalem claustram S. Crucis sedis” and confirms a donation by “femina…Bellazez uxor quæ fuit Sesemundi fratris Seniofredi Gerundensis vicecomitis”, with the consent of “filio suo domno Barengario marchione comite…Amato vicecomite Gerundense…[540].  "Remundus comes et marchio, Ermensides comitissa" donated property to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 11 Jun 996[541].  "Ermessindis comitissa et Amato de castro Surice et Sunifredo de Riorubio, Gondebaldus de Besora, Lobeto de Celra" signed a document dated 12 Nov 1018 as executors of "condam Remundo comite et marchio"[542].  Regent during the minority of her son until early 1020s.  She acquired considerable power during her regency, quarrelling with her son.  She continued to be a disruptive influence in Catalonia until her death[543].  The testament of "Ermesindis comitissa", dated 25 Sep 1057, names "domnum Raymundum Berengarium comitem nepotem meum…domna Almodis comitissa coniuge vestra"[544].  The codicil of "domna Ermesindis comitissa", dated 6 Mar 1057 (O.S.), names "Guillermo Berengarii suo nepoti…Sancio suo nepoti…Bernardo Berengarii suo nepoti"[545]m ([990/91]) RAMON BORRELL I Comte de Barcelona, son of BORRELL [II] Comte de Barcelona & his first wife Ledgarde [de Toulouse] ([971/26 May 972]-25 Feb 1017). 

 

 

RAYMOND ROGER de Carcassonne, son of ROGER [I] de Comminges Comte de Carcassonne & his wife Adelais --- (-before Apr 1011).  "Rodgarius comes…cum Adalissa comitissa conjuge mea et Regimundo sobole" donated property "alodem meum de Corniliano" to the monastery of Saint-Hilaire, Carcassonne by charter dated 979[546].  "Roggarius comes…cum coniuge comitissa Adalaice seu Regimundo sobole atque Bernardo sobole" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Hilaire by charter dated Aug 981[547].  "Rotgerius comes et marchio cum coniuge comitissa Adalaisse atque cum prole Regimundo Barnardoque" donated property with the abbey of Saint-Hilaire by charter dated 1 Nov 984[548].  "Rodgarius comes et uxor mea Aladaiz" donated property to the abbey of Lézat by charter dated Aug [1001], signed by "Ramundo, Bernardo, Petrone"[549].  “Rogerius comes”, under his testament dated to [1002], divided his properties, “ad Raimundo filio meo…civitatem Carcassonam cum ipso comitatu carcassense…[et] Redas castellum cum suo comitatu…et ipsa tertia parte de comitatu Cominico[550].  He succeeded as Comte de Carcassonne, although as he predeceased his father this was presumably on the basis of some power-sharing arrangement.  "Rogerius comes et conjux mea Adalaizis comitissa" donated property to Saint-Hilaire, including property which "frater meus Oddo comes habuit", for the soul of "fratris mei Oddoni comitis" and for "filio nostro Regimundo comite", by charter dated Apr 1011, signed by "…Bernardus et dominus Petrus…comites…"[551].  

m (before 990) as her first husband, GARSINDIS de Béziers, daughter of GUILLAUME [II] Vicomte de Béziers & his first wife Ermentrudis --- (975-after 29 Sep 1043).  The testament of "Guillelmus vicecomes", dated 990, appointed "…Arsindis vicecomitissa…" among his executors and named "filia sua Garsindis…filia mea Senegundis"[552].  "Ratulfus et uxor mea Lugrizia…" gave property "in comitatu Agathense in villa Almas" to "Raimundo comiti et uxore tue Garsindi comitisse" by charter dated 21 Jul 1007, which also names "Guillelmo vicecomes" but gives no indication of any relationship between the latter and Garsindis[553].  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 26 Jun 1070 under which “Remundus Bernardi vicecomes cognomento Trencaveis et Ermengardis vicecomitissa conjux mea, filia…Rangardis comitissæ” transferred property to “Raimundo comiti Barcheonæ et Almodi comitissæ coniugi tuæ et filio vestro Raymundo Berengarii” which names “Guillermus vicecomes Biterrensis…avus Petri Raymundi[554].  She married secondly (1013) as his second wife, Bernard "Pelet" Seigneur d'Anduze.  A charter dated 18 Dec 1029 records the foundation of the monastery of Sauve by "Garsindis et filius meus Bremundus et frater eius Almeradus", for the soul of "genitoris nostri Barnardi", in the presence of "Wilelmi comitis Tholosani…Atthonis vicecomitis, et Berengarii, et fratris eius Elisiari de ipso Castro…Emenonis de Sabrano…"[555].  "Garsendis comitissa…et filiis meis Petro et Guillelmo et Bermundo" donated property to Conques, for the souls of "genitoris mei Guillelmi…genetricis meæ et…Bernardi senioris mei et filii mei Remundi et…filiorum meorum Guillelmi, Petroni, Bermundi", by charter dated Aug [1034][556].  "Petrus Raimundi comes" donated property to the church of Béziers, with the advice of "Garsindis comitissæ matri meæ", by charter dated 29 Sep 1043[557]

Comte Raymond Roger & his wife had two children:

1.         PIERRE RAYMOND de Carcassonne (-[1060]).  His parentage is indicated by the charter dated 22 Apr 1070 under which “Rangardis comitissa, filia…Ameliæ comitissæ” sold property in “comitatu Redensi, Cosaranensi, et Comeniensi, et Carcassonensi, et Narbonensi, et Minerbensi, et Tolosano”, previously held by “Rodgario comite vetulo Carcassonensi et Otone fratre eius comite Redensi et…Bernardo Rodgarii et Raymundo Rodgarii et Petro episcopo filiorum prædicti Rodgarii, et…Petri Raymundi comitis mariti mei et Rodgarii filii mei”, to “Raimundo comiti Barcheonensi et Almodi comitissæ coniugi vestræ sorori meæ et filio vestro Raymundo Berengarii[558].  He succeeded as Comte de Carcassonne, Vicomte de Béziers et d'Agde.  "Garsendis comitissa…et filiis meis Petro et Guillelmo et Bermundo" donated property to Conques, for the souls of "genitoris mei Guillelmi…genetricis meæ et…Bernardi senioris mei et filii mei Remundi et…filiorum meorum Guillelmi, Petroni, Bermundi", by charter dated Aug [1034][559].  A charter dated to [1035] records hearings relating to disputes between "Bermundus" and "Petri comitis frater eius"[560].  "Petrus Raimundi comes" donated property to the church of Béziers, with the advice of "Garsindis comitissæ matri meæ", by charter dated 29 Sep 1043[561].  "Petrus comes et uxor mea Ranguardis et filius noster Rotgerius et filiæ nostræ Garsindis, Ermengardis et Adalaicis" donated property to the church of Béziers by charter dated 3 Mar 1054[562]m RAINGARDE de la Marche, daughter of BERNARD [I] Comte de La Marche & his wife Amelia --- (-after 22 Apr 1070).  "Petrus comes et uxor mea Ranguardis et filius noster Rotgerius et filiæ nostræ Garsindis, Ermengardis et Adalaicis" donated property to the church of Béziers by charter dated 3 Mar 1054[563].  "Raymundus comes filius Beliard Rangard comitissam filiam Ameliæ" granted rights to "Rangardam suprascriptam" by undated charter, presumably dated to soon after his father´s death[564].  "Raingardis comitissa et gener meus Raymundus et uxor eius filia mea…Ermengardis et soror eius Adalais" donated "alodem…Tonneus…in pago Biterrensi super fluvium Orbi juxta Villamnovam", previously held by "Wilelmus vicecomes Biterrensis et Raymundus Rotgerii et Garsindis vicecomitissa et filii eius Petrus et Willelmus", to the abbey of Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated 3 Jan 1062[565].  "Rogerius […filius qui fui Trudgarda] et frater meus Raymundus Batallia" donated "medietatem…castro…Proliano et…duas partes de…castro…Mirapixo" [Prouille and Mirepoix] to "Rengardis comitissa […filia Amelia] et filio suo Rogerio comite", with the consent of "fratrem nostrum Petronum Rogerium", by charter dated 23 Jan 1063[566].  “Rodgerius…comes” donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille, on the advice of “matris meæ Raingardæ, sive uxoris meæ Sibillæ”, by charter dated 10 Apr 1064[567].  “Rengardis comitissa” donated property “Redes cum omni comitatu Redensi” to “Guillermum comitem generum suum” by charter dated 13 Mar 1067[568].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 22 Apr 1070 under which “Rangardis comitissa, filia…Ameliæ comitissæ” sold property in “comitatu Redensi, Cosaranensi, et Comeniensi, et Carcassonensi, et Narbonensi, et Minerbensi, et Tolosano”, previously held by “Rodgario comite vetulo Carcassonensi et Otone fratre eius comite Redensi et…Bernardo Rodgarii et Raymundo Rodgarii et Petro episcopo filiorum prædicti Rodgarii, et…Petri Raymundi comitis mariti mei et Rodgarii filii mei”, to “Raimundo comiti Barcheonensi et Almodi comitissæ coniugi vestræ sorori meæ et filio vestro Raymundo Berengarii[569].  She is named in the charter dated 3 Feb 1102 under which her daughter "Adelaiz comitissa filia…Petri Raimundi comitis de Carcassona et Raingardis uxoris suæ" donated property to the abbey of Lagrasse[570].  Comte Pierre Raymond & his wife had four children: 

a)         RAYMOND ROGER [II] de Carcassonne (-1067).  "Petrus comes et uxor mea Ranguardis et filius noster Rotgerius et filiæ nostræ Garsindis, Ermengardis et Adalaicis" donated property to the church of Béziers by charter dated 3 Mar 1054[571].  The cartulary of Agde records a donation by "Raimundus vicecomes filius de Rangardis" by charter dated [1062/67][572].  He succeeded his father in [1060] as Comte de Carcassonne et de Razès, Vicomte de Béziers et d'Agde.  "Raymundus comes filius Beliard Rangard comitissam filiam Ameliæ" granted rights to "Rangardam suprascriptam" by undated charter, presumably dated to soon after his father´s death[573].  "Rogerius comes filius Rangard" [Comte de Carcassonne] and "Rogerium comitem filium Garsendæ comitissæ" [Comte de Foix] confirmed their agreement relating to "civitate…Carcassona" by charter dated to [1063][574].  "Rogerius […filius qui fui Trudgarda] et frater meus Raymundus Batallia" donated "medietatem…castro…Proliano et…duas partes de…castro…Mirapixo" [Prouille and Mirepoix] to "Rengardis comitissa […filia Amelia] et filio suo Rogerio comite", with the consent of "fratrem nostrum Petronum Rogerium", by charter dated 23 Jan 1063[575].  “Rodgerius…comes” donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille, on the advice of “matris meæ Raingardæ, sive uxoris meæ Sibillæ”, by charter dated 10 Apr 1064[576].  "Rodgarius comes" donated property to the cathedral of Béziers by charter dated 16 Jun 1065, subscribed by "…Rostagni de Porcharanis et Ademarii filii sui…"[577].  After his death, the county of Carcassonne passed to the Condes de Barcelona.  “Raymundum Barcheonensem comitem et domnam Adalmodem comitissam et infants prædicti Raymundi comitis” agreed with “Raymundi Bernardi vicecomitem et Ermengardem vicecomitissam uxorem eius et infants illorum” to buy “tota…honore de Redes et de Carcasses et de Narbones et de Menerbes et de Tolosano” held by “Petri Raymundi comitis et Rodgario filio suo”, by charter dated 1067[578].  The cartulary of Conques indicates that the viscounty of Béziers and Agde passed to his sister Ermengarde (see below).  m SIBYLLE, daughter of --- (-after 10 Apr 1064).  “Rodgerius…comes” donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille, on the advice of “matris meæ Raingardæ, sive uxoris meæ Sibillæ”, by charter dated 10 Apr 1064[579]

b)         GARSINDE de Carcassonne (-[3 Mar 1054/1062]).  "Petrus comes et uxor mea Ranguardis et filius noster Rotgerius et filiæ nostræ Garsindis, Ermengardis et Adalaicis" donated property to the church of Béziers by charter dated 3 Mar 1054[580].  According to the Histoire Générale de Languedoc[581], she was the first wife of Raymond Vicomte de Narbonne, son of Bérenger Vicomte de Narbonne and his wife Garsinda de Besalú.  Stasser dismisses this and concludes that Garsinde must have died unmarried[582]

c)         ERMENGARDE de Carcassonne (-after 26 Mar 1099).  "Petrus comes et uxor mea Ranguardis et filius noster Rotgerius et filiæ nostræ Garsindis, Ermengardis et Adalaicis" donated property to the church of Béziers by charter dated 3 Mar 1054[583].  "Raingardis comitissa et gener meus Raymundus et uxor eius filia mea…Ermengardis et soror eius Adalais" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated 3 Jan 1062[584].  She succeeded her brother in 1067 as Vicomtesse de Béziers et d'Agde.  “Raymundus Bernardi vicecomes et uxor eius Ermengardis vicecomitissa” sold their part of the county of Carcassonne to “domno Raymundo Barcheonæ comiti et domnæ Adalmodi comitissæ” by charter dated 2 Mar 1067, which names “Petrus Raimundi comes…[et] Rodgarius comes de Fox…filio suo[585].  "Ermengardis comitissa…et filius meus Bernardus" donated property rights to the church of Sainte-Marie, Agde by charter dated [1074][586], presumably shortly after the death of her husband as he is not named, but this is not stated explicitly in the document.  "Rogerius comes Fuxensis" and "Ermengarda vicecomitissa et…Bernardo Atonis filio eius" settled their disputes about the county of Carcassonne by charter dated 21 Apr 1095[587].  "Ermengardis visce comitissa filia Rangardis" donated property in "villa…Licairag…pro remedium animo seniore meo Raimundo" to the abbey of Conques by charter dated Nov [1097/1107], naming "filio meo Bernardo Atto"[588].  "Hermengardis vice comitissa et filius meus Bernardus Atto" donated property to the abbey of Lagrasse by charter dated 26 Mar 1099[589].   m (before 3 Jan 1062) RAYMOND BERNARD "Trencavel" Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes, son of BERNARD ATON [III] Vicomte d'Albi & his wife --- (-1074).   

d)         ADELAIDE de Carcassonne (-after 3 Feb 1102).  "Petrus comes et uxor mea Ranguardis et filius noster Rotgerius et filiæ nostræ Garsindis, Ermengardis et Adalaicis" donated property to the church of Béziers by charter dated 3 Mar 1054[590].  "Raingardis comitissa et gener meus Raymundus et uxor eius filia mea…Ermengardis et soror eius Adalais" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated 3 Jan 1062[591].  Her marriage is indicated by the charter dated 13 Mar 1067 under which “Rengardis comitissa” donated property “Redes cum omni comitatu Redensi” to “Guillermum comitem generum suum[592], and the charter dated 27 Dec 1067 under which “Guillermus Raymundi filius Adalæ comitissæ de Cerritaniæ” sold property “in civitate Carcassonæ...sive in Rodes” to “domno Raymundo comiti Barcheonæ et domnæ Adalmodi comitissæ” naming “uxorem Adalaidem…filia Petri Raymundi comitis Biterrensis et Rangardis comitissa[593].  "Adalaidis filia…Rangardis comitissa" sold her rights to Carcassonne to "Raymundo comiti Barcheonæ et Almodi comitissæ coniugi tuæ et filio vestro Raymundo Berengarii" by charter dated 2 Aug 1070[594].  "Adelaiz comitissa filia…Petri Raimundi comitis de Carcassona et Raingardis uxoris suæ" donated property to the abbey of Lagrasse by charter dated 3 Feb 1102[595]m (before 13 Mar 1067, divorced before [1071]) as his first wife, GUILLEM RAMÓN Conde de Cerdanya, son of RAMÓN GUIFRÉ I Conde de Cerdanya & his wife Adelaida --- (-1095, after 7 Oct).

2.         GUILLAUME de Carcassonne (-after 1054).  "Garsendis comitissa…et filiis meis Petro et Guillelmo et Bermundo" donated property to Conques, for the souls of "genitoris mei Guillelmi…genetricis meæ et…Bernardi senioris mei et filii mei Remundi et…filiorum meorum Guillelmi, Petroni, Bermundi", by charter dated Aug [1034][596].  "Willermus filius Garsendis comitissæ" swore allegiance to "Petrone fratre suo" by charter dated to [1036][597]m ---.  The name of Guillaume's wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         [RAYMOND GUILLAUME (-after [1054]).  "Raymundus Guillelmus" donated "villa…Magriniano" to "Petrone comite avunculo suo" by charter dated to [1050][598].  Comte.  "Raimundus Guillelmus comes et uxor mea Richardis" donated property to the chapter of Saint-Nazaire de Béziers by charter dated to [1054][599]m RICHARDIS, daughter of --- (-after [1054]).  "Raimundus Guillelmus comes et uxor mea Richardis" donated property to the chapter of Saint-Nazaire de Béziers by charter dated to [1054][600].] 

b)         [PIERRE GUILLAUME (-after 27 Dec 1069).  "Petrus Guillermi et Bernardus Guillermi fratres" sold their rights to the county of Carcassonne and in "castro…Reddes…in Reddensi comitatu vel in Narbonensi comitatu" to "domno Raymundo comiti et domnæ Almodi comitissæ" by charter dated 27 Dec 1069[601].] 

c)         [BERNARD GUILLAUME (-after 27 Dec 1069).  "Petrus Guillermi et Bernardus Guillermi fratres" sold their rights to the county of Carcassonne and in "castro…Reddes…in Reddensi comitatu vel in Narbonensi comitatu" to "domno Raymundo comiti et domnæ Almodi comitissæ" by charter dated 27 Dec 1069[602].] 

 

 

 

 

C.      VICOMTES de CARCASSONNE, VICOMTES de COUSERANS

 

 

Vicomtes de Carcassonne are recorded between 883 and 1002, although it is not possible from surviving primary sources to establish a chronological list of all the vicomtes during that period.  After 1002, there is a gap of two centuries before mention is found of the vicomté de Carcassonne, which was then held by the family of the comtes de Comminges who were also vicomtes de Couserans, a small county located between the counties of Comminges (to the west) and Foix (to the east) which fell under the jurisdiction of the comtes de Foix and today corresponds approximately to the Saint-Girons arrondissement in the western part of the French département of Ariège, in the northern foothills of the Pyrenees. 

 

 

1.         SICFRED (-after 24 Feb 883).  Vicomte de Carcassonne.  A charter dated 24 Feb 883 records a judgment in the court of "…Aquifredo comite, Sicfredo vicecomite…" at Carcassonne relating to a claim by "Ermenardus…filius quondam genitore meo…Amelio"[603]

 

2.         AMELIUSVicomte de Carcassonne.  The testament of "Raymundus comes", dated 961, donated "alodes qui fuerunt Amelio vicecomite de Carcassona…in Narbonensi"[604]

 

3.         RAOULm ---.  The name of Raoul´s wife is not known.  Raoul & his wife had one child: 

a)         ARNAUD (-after 1002).  Vicomte de Carcassonne.  A charter dated 1002 records donations to the abbey of Saint-Hilaire by "Rodgarius comes et uxor eius comitissa cum filio eorum Regimundo" and the renunciation of claims by "Arnaldus, filius Radulphi…vicecomes"[605]

 

 

1.         ROGER [I] de Comminges, son of BERNARD [III] Comte de Comminges & his wife --- de Toulouse (-before 3 Apr 1211)Vicomte de Carcassonne.  Vicomte de Couserans.  m --- de Foix, daughter of ROGER BERNARD [I] "el Gordo" Comte de Foix & his wife Cécile de Béziers.  Roger [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROGER [II] (-after 1240).  The Historia Albigensium of Pierre de Vaux-Cernay records that "Rogerius de Comenge consanguineus comitis Fuxi" at first supported Simon de Montfort against Raymond VI Comte de Toulouse[606]Vicomte de Carcassonne.  Vicomte de Couserans.  He succeeded as Conde de Pallars-Subirà, de iure uxoris

-        CONDES de PALLARS

 

 

 

D.      SEIGNEURS de DURFORT

 

 

The castle of Durfort was located near the castle of Termes, east of the town of Limoux and south-east of Carcassonne, in the present-day French département of Aude. 

 

 

1.         TEUDOMAR de Durfortm ---.  The name of Teudomar´s wife is not known.  Teudomar & his wife had two children: 

a)         FALCO de Durfort (-before 1093).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1093 under which "Bertrandus filius Falconis de castro…Durfort" donated the abbey of Saint-Martin du Puy, held by "pater meus Fulco et avunculus meus Raimundus Tedomari", to the abbey of Grasse[607]Seigneur de Durfortm ---.  The name of Falco´s wife is not known.  Falco & his wife had [three or more] children: 

i)          BERTRAND de Durfort (-after 1093).  "Bertrandus filius Falconis de castro…Durfort" donated his share of the abbey of Saint-Martin du Puy, held by "pater meus Fulco et avunculus meus Raimundus Tedomari", to the abbey of Grasse, with the advice of "fratrum meorum et consobrinis meis…Raimundo Raimundi et Ugo Raimundi fratri sui et omnium filiorum eorum", by charter dated 1093[608]

ii)         sons .  "Bertrandus filius Falconis de castro…Durfort" donated his share of the abbey of Saint-Martin du Puy, held by "pater meus Fulco et avunculus meus Raimundus Tedomari", to the abbey of Grasse, with the advice of "fratrum meorum et consobrinis meis…Raimundo Raimundi et Ugo Raimundi fratri sui et omnium filiorum eorum", by charter dated 1093[609]

b)         RAYMOND TEUDOMAR de Durfort (-before 1093).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1093 under which "Bertrandus filius Falconis de castro…Durfort" donated the abbey of Saint-Martin du Puy, held by "pater meus Fulco et avunculus meus Raimundus Tedomari", to the abbey of Grasse[610]m ---.  The name of Raymond´s wife is not known.  Raymond & his wife had two children: 

i)          RAYMOND de Durfort (-after 1093).  "Raimundus Raimundi de Durfort et omnes filii mei Petrus Raimundi et Raimundus Tedomar et Bernardus Raimundus et frater meus Ugo Raimundus" donated their share of the abbey of Saint-Martin du Puy to the abbey of Grasse, with the advice of "Petri Olivarii seniori de castro…Therme", by charter dated 1093[611]m ---.  The name of Raymond´s wife is not known.  Raymond & his wife had three children: 

(a)       PIERRE RAYMOND de Durfort .  "Raimundus Raimundi de Durfort et omnes filii mei Petrus Raimundi et Raimundus Tedomar et Bernardus Raimundus et frater meus Ugo Raimundus" donated their share of the abbey of Saint-Martin du Puy to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 1093[612]

(b)       RAYMOND TEUDOMAR de Durfort .  "Raimundus Raimundi de Durfort et omnes filii mei Petrus Raimundi et Raimundus Tedomar et Bernardus Raimundus et frater meus Ugo Raimundus" donated their share of the abbey of Saint-Martin du Puy to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 1093[613]

(c)       BERNARD RAYMOND de Durfort .  "Raimundus Raimundi de Durfort et omnes filii mei Petrus Raimundi et Raimundus Tedomar et Bernardus Raimundus et frater meus Ugo Raimundus" donated their share of the abbey of Saint-Martin du Puy to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 1093[614]

ii)         HUGUES de Durfort (-after 1093).  "Raimundus Raimundi de Durfort et omnes filii mei Petrus Raimundi et Raimundus Tedomar et Bernardus Raimundus et frater meus Ugo Raimundus et omnes filii eius" donated their share of the abbey of Saint-Martin du Puy to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 1093[615]m ---.  The name of Hugues´s wife is not known.  Hugues & his wife had children: 

(a)       sons .  "Raimundus Raimundi de Durfort et omnes filii mei Petrus Raimundi et Raimundus Tedomar et Bernardus Raimundus et frater meus Ugo Raimundus et omnes filii eius" donated their share of the abbey of Saint-Martin du Puy to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 1093[616]

 

 

 

E.      VICOMTES de MINERVE

 

 

Minerve is today a small village located in the Béziers arrondissement in the south-west of the French département of Hérault, bordering on the département of Aude.  The 1837 Annuaire Historique lists a pagus Minerbensis, without specifying the dates during which it is recorded[617].  This was presumably a short-lived entity as Longnon, in his review of Carolingian pagi, only lists the pagus Narbonensis and pagus Redensis in the diocesis of Narbonne and the pagus Carcassensis in the diocesis of Carcassonne[618].  The existence of Minerve as a separate pagus could account for its continuation as a separate vicomté, which otherwise is difficult to explain considering the small geographical area which it covered.  Vicomtes de Minerve are named in primary sources between 1071 and the mid-12th century.  During the early part of this period, they were presumably vassals of the comtes de Carcassonne, although a primary source which confirms this vassalship explicitly has not been identified.  During the 12th century, the vicomtes are named mainly in documents issued by the vicomtes de Narbonne, although it is not known whether this reflects a change of suzerainty. 

 

 

1.         PIERRE (-after 7 Sep 1071).  Vicomte de Minerve"Raimundi comitis Rutenensis…Rodgarii comitis de Fuxo…Petri vicecomitis Minerbensis…Ugo filio Pontio comiti Ympurias…" subscribed the charter dated 7 Sep 1071 which records an agreement between "Wuiellmum Tolosanum comitem" and "Raimundum comitem Barchinonensem et Carchanonensem et Raimundem filium eius" settling their dispute about "castello de Laurago" [Lauragais][619]

 

2.         RAYMOND (-after 3 Feb 1084).  Vicomte de Minerve.  "Raymundus Minervensis vicecomes" donated property "in villa…Piriachum" to Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated 3 Feb 1084[620]

 

3.         PONS (-after 1 May 1095).  Vicomte de Minerve.  The dating clause of a charter dated 1 May 1095 refers to "tempore…Pontii Minerbensis vicecomitis"[621]

 

4.         BERNARD (-after 29 Apr 1103).  Vicomte de Minerve.  "Bernardi vicecomitis de Minerba, Petri filii eius…" subscribed the charter dated 29 Apr 1103 under which "Aymericus…vicecomes Narbonensis…cum uxore mea…Mahalda et filiis nostris…Aymericus, Guiscardus et Bernardus Raymundi" donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières for "Berengarii filii nostri" on his becoming a monk at the monastery[622]m ---.  The name of Bernard´s wife is not known.  Bernard & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIERRE .  "Bernardi vicecomitis de Minerba, Petri filii eius…" subscribed the charter dated 29 Apr 1103 under which "Aymericus…vicecomes Narbonensis…cum uxore mea…Mahalda et filiis nostris…Aymericus, Guiscardus et Bernardus Raymundi" donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières for "Berengarii filii nostri" on his becoming a monk at the monastery[623]

 

5.         --- .  m AGNES, daughter of ---.  Three children: 

a)         RAYMOND d´Aniort (-after 1 Jul 1152).  "Raimundus d´Aniort filius Agnes et Petrus de Belcastel et Bernard d´Alio et Odo d´Aniort fils d´Adalmas et Guillelmus d´Aniort fils d´Agnez" made commitments to "Raimond Trencavel fils de Cecilia" relating to "castel d´Aniort ni de Castelpor" by charter dated 1 Jul 1152[624]

b)         GUILLAUME de Minerve [de Alaniane/d´Aniort] (-after 17 Mar 1159).  "Wilhermus de Minerva" donated "castellum de Laurano et…castellum de Olarge" to Bernard Athon Vicomte de Béziers by charter dated 7 Mar 1127[625].  "Guillelmus de Minerba filius Agnez" promised "castello de Laurano" to Roger Vicomte de Béziers if he died childless, by charter dated 1145[626]Vicomte.  "Utalgarius filius qui fui Gila" withdrew claims against "Guillermo de Alaniano vicecomiti avunculo meo" relating to "hæreditatem matris meæ…in terminio de Aniort" by charter dated 23 Jun 1145[627].  "Raimundus d´Aniort filius Agnes et Petrus de Belcastel et Bernard d´Alio et Odo d´Aniort fils d´Adalmas et Guillelmus d´Aniort fils d´Agnez" made commitments to "Raimond Trencavel fils de Cecilia" relating to "castel d´Aniort ni de Castelpor" by charter dated 1 Jul 1152[628]Guillelmus de Minerba” donated property “infra terminum de Piletas…et de Portel Mal usque in Corna et infra terminum de Castel Boc versus Fontem Calidem” to "Sancte Marie de Fonte Calido" by charter dated 17 Mar 1159[629]

c)         GILA (-before 23 Jun 1145).  m ---.  One child: 

i)          UDALGAR .  "Utalgarius filius qui fui Gila" withdrew claims against "Guillermo de Alaniano vicecomiti avunculo meo" relating to "hæreditatem matris meæ…in terminio de Aniort" by charter dated 23 Jun 1145[630]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         GUILLAUME (-after 4 Feb 1165).  Vicomte de Minerve.  "Guillelmus vicecomes Minerbensis et uxor mea Garsindis…et omnes infantes nostri Pontius, Bernardus, Guillelmus, Petrus et Berengarius" donated "ecclesia in castro Minerba" to Pons Etienne Archdeacon of Narbonne by charter dated 24 Jan 1145[631].  "Guilhermus vicecomes Minervensis" granted "meum castrum…Lauranum" to "Wilhermo de Minerva filio meo…filius dominæ Garsendis" by charter dated 12 Dec 1161[632].  "Guillelmus vicecomes de Minerba...sive filius meus vel filia" donated property to the church of Saint-Etienne de Minerve, confirmed by "Guillelmus et Petrus et Pontius et Bernardus filii supradicti Guillelmi vicecomitis...Ermengarda vicecomitissa uxor supradicti Guillelmi vicecomitis", by charter dated 4 Feb 1165[633]m firstly (contract 2 Mar 1134) GARSINDE, daughter of ISARN de Cecenonne & his wife --- (-after 24 Jan 1145).  “Isarnus de Cecenonne” granted “filiam meam…Garsindim” as wife of "Wielmo vicecomiti Minerbensi", granting them "medietatem tocius castri de Rocabruno", by charter dated 2 Mar 1134[634].  "Guillelmus vicecomes Minerbensis et uxor mea Garsindis…et omnes infantes nostri Pontius, Bernardus, Guillelmus, Petrus et Berengarius" donated "ecclesia in castro Minerba" to Pons Etienne Archdeacon of Narbonne by charter dated 24 Jan 1145[635]m secondly ERMENGARDE, daughter of ---.  "Guillelmus vicecomes de Minerba...sive filius meus vel filia" donated property to the church of Saint-Etienne de Minerve, confirmed by "Guillelmus et Petrus et Pontius et Bernardus filii supradicti Guillelmi vicecomitis...Ermengarda vicecomitissa uxor supradicti Guillelmi vicecomitis", by charter dated 4 Feb 1165[636].  Guillaume & his first wife had five children: 

a)         PONS (-after 4 Feb 1165).  "Guillelmus vicecomes Minerbensis et uxor mea Garsindis…et omnes infantes nostri Pontius, Bernardus, Guillelmus, Petrus et Berengarius" donated "ecclesia in castro Minerba" to Pons Etienne Archdeacon of Narbonne by charter dated 24 Jan 1145[637].  "Guillelmus vicecomes de Minerba...sive filius meus vel filia" donated property to the church of Saint-Etienne de Minerve, confirmed by "Guillelmus et Petrus et Pontius et Bernardus filii supradicti Guillelmi vicecomitis...Ermengarda vicecomitissa uxor supradicti Guillelmi vicecomitis", by charter dated 4 Feb 1165[638]

b)         BERNARD (-after Mar 1175).  "Guillelmus vicecomes Minerbensis et uxor mea Garsindis…et omnes infantes nostri Pontius, Bernardus, Guillelmus, Petrus et Berengarius" donated "ecclesia in castro Minerba" to Pons Etienne Archdeacon of Narbonne by charter dated 24 Jan 1145[639].  "Bernardus de Minerba filius quondam Guillelmi de Minerba" donated "terre juxta villam de Vitiliano", in which "consobrini nostri filii Petri de Minerba" held other interests, to the abbey of Fontfroide, with the advice of "domine Ermengardis vicecomitisse Narbone…Guillelmus de Minerba frater predicti Bernardi de Minerba…Aimericus de Narbona nepos supradicte Ermengardis", by charter dated Mar 1175[640]

c)         GUILLAUME (-after Nov 1202).  "Guillelmus vicecomes Minerbensis et uxor mea Garsindis…et omnes infantes nostri Pontius, Bernardus, Guillelmus, Petrus et Berengarius" donated "ecclesia in castro Minerba" to Pons Etienne Archdeacon of Narbonne by charter dated 24 Jan 1145[641].  "Guilhermus vicecomes Minervensis" granted "meum castrum…Lauranum" to "Wilhermo de Minerva filio meo…filius dominæ Garsendis" by charter dated 12 Dec 1161[642].  "Guillelmus vicecomes de Minerba...sive filius meus vel filia" donated property to the church of Saint-Etienne de Minerve, confirmed by "Guillelmus et Petrus et Pontius et Bernardus filii supradicti Guillelmi vicecomitis...Ermengarda vicecomitissa uxor supradicti Guillelmi vicecomitis", by charter dated 4 Feb 1165[643].  "Bernardus de Minerba filius quondam Guillelmi de Minerba" donated "terre juxta villam de Vitiliano", in which "consobrini nostri filii Petri de Minerba" held other interests, to the abbey of Fontfroide, with the advice of "domine Ermengardis vicecomitisse Narbone…Guillelmus de Minerba frater predicti Bernardi de Minerba…Aimericus de Narbona nepos supradicte Ermengardis", by charter dated Mar 1175[644].  “Guillelmus de Minerba” emancipated “filium meum Guillelmum” by charter dated Feb 1196, witnessed by "…Bernardus de Minerba…"[645]m ---.  The name of Guillaume´s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUILLAUME (-before 22 Dec 1222).  “Guillelmus de Minerba” emancipated “filium meum Guillelmum” by charter dated Feb 1196, witnessed by "…Bernardus de Minerba…"[646].  “Isarnus de Cencenono” granted “totum castrum de Rocabruno", as held by "ego et frater meus Bernardus" inherited "post mortem patris nostri…Isarnus" who had granted it to "Garsendi filie sue" on her marriage to "Guillelmo de Olargo", to "Guillelmo de Minerba juveni, filio Guillelmi de Minerba, nepoti meo", with the consent of "Marchesa uxor Guillelmi predicti de Minerba, soror Berenguarii de Podio Sorigario", by charter dated Nov 1202, which names "Guillelmus nepos tuus…pater meus vel frater meus Ramundus"[647]m (contract Jul 1194) MARQUISE de Puy Sorigaire, daughter of --- (-after Nov 1202).  The marriage contract between “Berengarius de Podio Sorigario…Marquisie sorori mee” and “Guillelmo de Minerba…emancipatus a patre meo”, dated Jul 1194, provides for the payment of dowry and the grant of "castrum de Cecennone" as dower to the bride, witnessed by "Bernardus de Minerba…"[648].  “Isarnus de Cencenono” granted “totum castrum de Rocabruno", as held by "ego et frater meus Bernardus" inherited "post mortem patris nostri…Isarnus" who had granted it to "Garsendi filie sue" on her marriage to "Guillelmo de Olargo", to "Guillelmo de Minerba juveni, filio Guillelmi de Minerba, nepoti meo", with the consent of "Marchesa uxor Guillelmi predicti de Minerba, soror Berenguarii de Podio Sorigario", by charter dated Nov 1202, which names "Guillelmus nepos tuus…pater meus vel frater meus Ramundus"[649].  “Marchesia uxor quondam Guillelmi de Minerba” sold property to “Guillelmo Petro de Vintrono genero suo" by charter dated 22 Dec 1222, witnessed by "Berengarius de Podio Sorigario…"[650].  Guillame & his wife had one child: 

(a)       daughter .  “Marchesia uxor quondam Guillelmi de Minerba” sold property to “Guillelmo Petro de Vintrono genero suo" by charter dated 22 Dec 1222, witnessed by "Berengarius de Podio Sorigario…"[651]m (before 22 Dec 1222) GUILLAUME PIERRE de Vintrono, son of ---. 

ii)         RAYMOND .  “Isarnus de Cencenono” granted “totum castrum de Rocabruno", as held by "ego et frater meus Bernardus" inherited "post mortem patris nostri…Isarnus" who had granted it to "Garsendi filie sue" on her marriage to "Guillelmo de Olargo", to "Guillelmo de Minerba juveni, filio Guillelmi de Minerba, nepoti meo", with the consent of "Marchesa uxor Guillelmi predicti de Minerba, soror Berenguarii de Podio Sorigario", by charter dated Nov 1202, which names "Guillelmus nepos tuus…pater meus vel frater meus Ramundus"[652]

d)         PIERRE (-after 1166).  "Guillelmus vicecomes Minerbensis et uxor mea Garsindis…et omnes infantes nostri Pontius, Bernardus, Guillelmus, Petrus et Berengarius" donated "ecclesia in castro Minerba" to Pons Etienne Archdeacon of Narbonne by charter dated 24 Jan 1145[653]Vicomte de Minerve.  "R. Trencavellus proconsul Biterris" granted property "in Opiano" to "Petro Minerbensi vicecomiti" by charter dated 27 Jul 1146[654].  "Guillelmus vicecomes de Minerba...sive filius meus vel filia" donated property to the church of Saint-Etienne de Minerve, confirmed by "Guillelmus et Petrus et Pontius et Bernardus filii supradicti Guillelmi vicecomitis...Ermengarda vicecomitissa uxor supradicti Guillelmi vicecomitis", by charter dated 4 Feb 1165[655].  "Petrus de Minerba" donated "mansum...Longoiron...in manso Blancho...in parrochia de Serrucio...et mansum del Peirith...in territorio de Promilacho et medietatem...in caput mansi dels Estornz...in parrochia Sancti Stephani...[et] in manso de Cantalobs et in manso de Campolongo et duobus mansus de Figairoliis" to the abbey of Sylvanès, with the consent of "filii mei Berengarii", by charter dated 1166[656]m ---.  The name of Pierre´s wife is not known.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

i)          BERENGER .  "Petrus de Minerba" donated property to the abbey of Sylvanès, with the consent of "filii mei Berengarii", by charter dated 1166[657]

e)         BERENGER .  "Guillelmus vicecomes Minerbensis et uxor mea Garsindis…et omnes infantes nostri Pontius, Bernardus, Guillelmus, Petrus et Berengarius" donated "ecclesia in castro Minerba" to Pons Etienne Archdeacon of Narbonne by charter dated 24 Jan 1145[658].  "Guillelmus vicecomes de Minerba...sive filius meus vel filia" donated property to the church of Saint-Etienne de Minerve, confirmed by "Guillelmus et Petrus et Pontius et Bernardus filii supradicti Guillelmi vicecomitis...Ermengarda vicecomitissa uxor supradicti Guillelmi vicecomitis", by charter dated 4 Feb 1165[659]

2.         PIERRE de Minerve .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated Mar 1175 under which "Bernardus de Minerba filius quondam Guillelmi de Minerba" donated "terre juxta villam de Vitiliano", in which "consobrini nostri filii Petri de Minerba" held other interests, to the abbey of Fontfroide[660]m ---.  The name of Pierre´s wife is not known.  Pierre & his wife had --- children: 

a)         sons (-after Mar 1175).  "Bernardus de Minerba filius quondam Guillelmi de Minerba" donated "terre juxta villam de Vitiliano", in which "consobrini nostri filii Petri de Minerba" held other interests, to the abbey of Fontfroide by charter dated Mar 1175[661]

 

 

1.         BERENGER (-after 27 Apr 1135).  Vicomte de Minerve.  "Berengarius vicecomes Minervæ" donated property to the cathedral of Narbonne, where he requested his burial, by charter dated 27 Apr 1135[662]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME (-[1210/16 Mar 1215])Seigneur de MinerveThe Historia Albigensium of Pierre de Vaux-Cernay records the siege of "Minerbam" by Raymond VI Comte de Toulouse, names "dominus castri…Guillelmus de Minerba" and records that he was granted "alios redditus prope Biterrim" by Comte Raymond after the castle surrendered[663].  A charter dated 17 Nov 1191 records a dispute between Roger Vicomte de Béziers and "Petrum Olivarium et […fratrem meum] Raimundum de Terme et Ricsovendam de Terme et Guilhelmum de Minerba maritum eius" regarding "patria de Termenez"[664]m RICSOVENDE de Terme, daughter of --- & his wife Adelme --- (-after 17 Nov 1191).  A charter dated 17 Nov 1191 records a dispute between Roger Vicomte de Béziers and "Petrum Olivarium et […fratrem meum] Raimundum de Terme et Ricsovendam de Terme et Guilhelmum de Minerba maritum eius" regarding "patria de Termenez"[665].  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME .  "Guillelmus de Minerba" donated property held by "pater meus quondam Guillelmus de Minerba" to the commanderie de Campagnols by charter dated 16 Mar 1215[666]Seigneur de Minerve

 

 

 

F.      SEIGNEURS de TERMES

 

 

1.         PIERRE Olivier (-after 1093).  Seigneur de Termes"Raimundus Raimundi de Durfort et omnes filii mei Petrus Raimundi et Raimundus Tedomar et Bernardus Raimundus et frater meus Ugo Raimundus" donated their share of the abbey of Saint-Martin du Puy to the abbey of Grasse, with the advice of "Petri Olivarii seniori de castro…Therme", by charter dated 1093[667]

 

2.         GUILLAUME Raymond (-after 1118).  Seigneur de Termes.  "Willelmus Raymundi et fratres mei Alalrandus et Bernardus" donated "castrum de Termino" to Cécile Vicomtesse de Carcassonne by charter dated 1118[668]

3.         ALALRAND (-after 1118).  "Willelmus Raymundi et fratres mei Alalrandus et Bernardus" donated "castrum de Termino" to Cécile Vicomtesse de Carcassonne by charter dated 1118[669]

4.         BERNARD (-after 1118).  "Willelmus Raymundi et fratres mei Alalrandus et Bernardus" donated "castrum de Termino" to Cécile Vicomtesse de Carcassonne by charter dated 1118[670]

 

5.         --- .  m ESTRIA, daughter of ---.  Two children: 

a)         RAYMOND de Termes (-after 12 Dec 1163).  A charter dated 12 Dec 1163 records a dispute between "Raimundum de Terminio et Guillermum fratrem eius de castro de Terminio"[671]

b)         GUILLAUME (-after 12 Dec 1163).  Seigneur de Termes.  "Guillelmus de Termino filius Estriæ et…Petrus Olivarii filius Adalmus" swore allegiance to Raymond Trencavel Vicomte de Béziers for "castello…Durfort…castrum de Termino" by charter dated 1 Nov 1163[672].  A charter dated 12 Dec 1163 records a dispute between "Raimundum de Terminio et Guillermum fratrem eius de castro de Terminio"[673]

6.         --- .  m ADALME, daughter of ---.  Three children: 

a)         PIERRE Olivier (-after 17 Nov 1191).  "Guillelmus de Termino filius Estriæ et…Petrus Olivarii filius Adalmus" swore allegiance to Raymond Trencavel Vicomte de Béziers for "castello…Durfort…castrum de Termino" by charter dated 1 Nov 1163[674]Seigneur de Termes.  A charter dated 17 Nov 1191 records a dispute between Roger Vicomte de Béziers and "Petrum Olivarium et […fratrem meum] Raimundum de Terme et Ricsovendam de Terme et Guilhelmum de Minerba maritum eius" regarding "patria de Termenez"[675]

b)         RAYMOND (-after 17 Nov 1191).  A charter dated 17 Nov 1191 records a dispute between Roger Vicomte de Béziers and "Petrum Olivarium et […fratrem meum] Raimundum de Terme et Ricsovendam de Terme et Guilhelmum de Minerba maritum eius" regarding "patria de Termenez"[676]Seigneur de Termes

c)         RICSOVENDE (-after 17 Nov 1191).  A charter dated 17 Nov 1191 records a dispute between Roger Vicomte de Béziers and "Petrum Olivarium et […fratrem meum] Raimundum de Terme et Ricsovendam de Terme et Guilhelmum de Minerba maritum eius" regarding "patria de Termenez"[677]m GUILLAUME de Minerve, son of --- (-after 1210). 

 

 

7.         OLIVIERSeigneur de Termes.  "Olivarius et Bernardus de Terminis fratres" transferred the castle of Termes to Louis IX King of France by charter dated 21 Nov 1228[678]

8.         BERNARD .  "Olivarius et Bernardus de Terminis fratres" transferred the castle of Termes to Louis IX King of France by charter dated 21 Nov 1228[679]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    COMTES de COMMINGES

 

 

The county of Comminges was originally part of the duchy/county of Gascony and covered the diocesis of the same name (except for the part included in the county of Aure) as well as the diocesis of Couserans[680].  Jaurgain traces their supposed descent from Aznar Sancho Duke of Gascony[681].  However, he reconstructs the line based mainly on patronymics and it appears to be unsupported by other primary source evidence.  If the line of descent is correct, the counts recognised the suzerainty of Raoul King of France in 932.  They were later independent until the 13th century.  Bernard V Comte de Comminges swore allegiance to Louis VIII King of France in Aug 1226, but 18 Nov 1244 recognised the suzerainty of the comte de Toulouse in respect of all his possessions in Comminges and Couserans[682].  Higounet highlights[683] that the comtes de Comminges granted the title comte to younger sons, who ruled over only a small part of the county, which has complicated the reconstruction of the genealogy of the family. 

 

 

1.         AZNAR [III], son of [LOUP Aznar [Comte de Comminges] & his wife ---] (-[940]).  Jaurgain states that "Loup Aznar comte de Comminges" was the father of "Aznar III" but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[684].  "Vicecomes…Asnarius" founded the monastery of Peyrissas, on returning from pilgrimage to Rome, and placed it under the protection of "comiti Comunensis", by charter dated to [915][685].  "Vicecomes…Asnarius" founded the monastery of Peyrissas, on returning from pilgrimage to Rome, and placed it under the protection of "comiti Comunensis", dated to [915] (by Jaurgain), as recorded in a charter of the abbey of Lézat dated to [1075][686].  [Comte de Comminges]. 

 

 

The connection between the following family group and the comtes de Comminges has not yet been established. 

1.         BERNARD ODON (-before [1075]).  Comte [de Comminges].  A charter of the abbey of Lézat dated to [1075], which records the foundation of the monastery of Peyrissas, states that "mortuo comite Convenarum, surrexit Bernardus-Oddo filius eius" who offered "filium suum…Rogerium" as a monk, and that the latter became abbot after the death of his father, subscribed by "Rogerii abbatis et fratrum eius comitem Raimundi-Bernardi et Bernardi patris Raimundi…"[687]m ---.  The name of Bernard Odon´s wife is not known.  Bernard Odon & his wife had two children: 

a)         RAYMOND BERNARD .  A charter of the abbey of Lézat dated to [1075], which records the foundation of the monastery of Peyrissas, states that "mortuo comite Convenarum, surrexit Bernardus-Oddo filius eius" who offered "filium suum…Rogerium" as a monk, and that the latter became abbot after the death of his father, subscribed by "Rogerii abbatis et fratrum eius comitem Raimundi-Bernardi et Bernardi patris Raimundi…"[688]Comte [de Comminges]. 

b)         ROGER .  A charter of the abbey of Lézat dated to [1075], which records the foundation of the monastery of Peyrissas, states that "mortuo comite Convenarum, surrexit Bernardus-Oddo filius eius" who offered "filium suum…Rogerium" as a monk, and that the latter became abbot after the death of his father, subscribed by "Rogerii abbatis et fratrum eius comitem Raimundi-Bernardi et Bernardi patris Raimundi…"[689].  Abbot of Peyrissas. 

 

 

Two brothers, whose origin is unknown.  According to Jaurgain, they were sons of Aznar [III] (see above)[690].  Settipani[691] highlights that the hypothesis depends on the co-identity of "Raymundus…germani mei Ludovicus, Ademarus, Garsia, Amelius, filii Enardi filii Aneri…" (who granted property to the abbey of Auch by charter dated [998][692]) with "Raymond" son of Arnaud de Comminges.  However, these supposed brothers of Raymond are not referred to in any other documents so far identified which name the sons of Arnaud de Comminges. 

1.         ARNAUD [I] de Comminges (-before 27 Nov 957)Comte de Comminges et de Couserans.  "Arnaldus et uxore mea Arsendis" donated property to the abbey of Lézat by charter dated Apr 944, signed by "Arnaldo et uxore sua…Arsendis et filiis suis vel filias…"[693].  "Arnaldus et uxor mea Arsindis, et Rodgarius et Odo filiis nostris" donated property to the abbey of Montolieu, near Carcassonne for the souls of "…et Rodgario fratre meo" by charter dated 7 Apr 949[694]m ([925/35]) ARSINDE, daughter of --- ([905/20]-after [959]).  "Arnaldus et uxore mea Arsendis" donated property to the abbey of Lézat by charter dated Apr 944, signed by "Arnaldo et uxore sua…Arsendis et filiis suis vel filias…"[695].  Her parentage is not known.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[696], Arsinde was the daughter of Acfred Duke of Aquitaine, Comte d'Auvergne, first cousin of Acfred [II] Comte de Carcassonne.  Settipani highlights that the obvious way of explaining the transmission of the county of Carcassonne to the family of the Comtes de Comminges is that she was Arsinde de Carcassonne, daughter of Acfred Comte de Carcassonne et de Razès Seigneur de Foix & his wife ---[697].  However, the chronology is not ideal.  As explained below (Part B), it is likely that her son Roger [I] Comte de Carcassonne was born in the later part of the date range [930/40].  If this is correct, it is likely that Arsinde married in [925/35] which would place her own birth in the range [905/20].  Another difficulty is that there is no indication who held the county of Carcassonne between the death of Comte Acfred [II] in [933] and the time when Arsinde's son Roger was comte, the date of which is uncertain but is unlikely to precede the 950s at the earliest.  In particular, no proof has yet been found that the county was inherited by Arsinde's husband, which would have been normal if his wife had been the heiress of Carcassonne.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[698], Arsinde was the daughter of Acfred Duke of Aquitaine.  The primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  It is assumed that it is also speculative based on onomastics.  A third possibility is proposed by Stasser, who suggests that she was the sister of Raymond [I] Comte de Rouergue, on the grounds that it is better supported from the onomastic point of view[699].  "Arnaldus et uxor mea Arsindis, et Rodgarius et Odo filiis nostris" donated property to the abbey of Montolieu, near Carcassonne for the souls of "…et Rodgario fratre meo" by charter dated 7 Apr 949[700].  "Arsindis comitissa cum filiis suis Odo et Raimundo" are named in a charter dated 957[701], which suggests that her husband had died before that date.  "Arsendes comitissa et filius meus Rodgarius comes" sold property to "Gilaberto vicario" by charter dated 29 Nov 957[702].  "Arsindis comitissa cum filiis suis Odo et Raimundo" signed a charter dated to [959] relating to their property "alode de Magrinnano et de Cugciaco…in comitatu Narbonense"[703].  Comte Arnaud & his wife had [five or more] children:

a)         ROGER de Comminges ([930/40]-after Apr 1011).  "Arnaldus et uxor mea Arsindis, et Rodgarius et Odo filiis nostris" donated property to the abbey of Montolieu, near Carcassonne for the souls of "…et Rodgario fratre meo" by charter dated 7 Apr 949[704].  His birth date range is estimated on the assumption that he and his brother were young adolescents or older children at the date of this charter.  His date of death suggests that it is more likely that he was born in the later part of this range.  He succeeded as Comte de Carcassonne, de Razès, de Couserans et de Comminges, Seigneur de Foix.   

-        COMTES de CARCASSONNE

b)         ODO de Comminges (-before Apr 1011).  "Arnaldus et uxor mea Arsindis, et Rodgarius et Odo filiis nostris" donated property to the abbey of Montolieu, near Carcassonne for the souls of "…et Rodgario fratre meo" by charter dated 7 Apr 949[705].  "Arsindis comitissa cum filiis suis Odo et Raimundo" signed a charter dated to [959] relating to their property "alode de Magrinnano et de Cugciaco…in comitatu Narbonense"[706]Comte de Razès.  "Rogerius comes et conjux mea Adalaizis comitissa" donated property to Saint-Hilaire, including property which "frater meus Oddo comes habuit", for the soul of "fratris mei Oddoni comitis" and for "filio nostro Regimundo comite", by charter dated Apr 1011, signed by "…Bernardus et dominus Petrus…comites…"[707]m ALTRUDIS, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Odo & his wife had one child: 

i)          ARNAUD (-[1020]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Razès.   

c)         RAYMOND de Comminges (-after 989).  "Arsindis comitissa cum filiis suis Odo et Raimundo" signed a charter dated to [959] relating to their property "alode de Magrinnano et de Cugciaco…in comitatu Narbonense"[708].  [969]/[998].  Comte de Comminges.  The dating clause of a charter dated 18 May [980], which records the donation by "Oriolus presbyter de Sancto Martorio" of property "ecclesiam et villam…Sancti Medardi" to "Sancto Beato monasterio…in comitatu Comenico in valle Bavartense super fluvium Garona", names "regnante comite Raymundo et filio suo Bernardo, episcopo Oriolo"[709].  "Regimundus comes filius Arnaldi comitis" restored "alodem Sancti Stephani de Nidolarias in comitatu Rossilionense" to the abbot of Saint-Hilaire "in pago Carcassensi" by charter dated [989/90][710]m ---.  The name of Raymond's wife is not known.  Raymond & his wife had one child: 

i)          BERNARD (-before 998).  The dating clause of a charter dated 18 May [980], which records the donation by "Oriolus presbyter de Sancto Martorio" of property "ecclesiam et villam…Sancti Medardi" to "Sancto Beato monasterio…in comitatu Comenico in valle Bavartense super fluvium Garona", names "regnante comite Raymundo et filio suo Bernardo, episcopo Oriolo"[711]

d)         daughters .  "Arnaldo et uxore sua…Arsendis et filiis suis vel filias" subscribed a charter dated 957[712]

2.         ROGER [I] de Comminges (-before 7 Apr 949).  "Arnaldus et uxor mea Arsindis, et Rodgarius et Odo filiis nostris" donated property to the abbey of Montolieu, near Carcassonne for the souls of "…et Rodgario fratre meo" by charter dated 7 Apr 949[713].  "Adalaiz…cum Arnaldus frater Rodgarii et alius Arnaldus filius Rodgarii et Ber…" donated property to the abbey of Lagrasse for the souls of "Rodgarii et Aimilde comitissa et…alio Rodgario" by charter dated [19 Jun 936/10 Sep 954] signed by "Raimundi comitis, Adalaiz comitissa qui hoc fecit"[714]m ---.  The name of Roger's wife is not known.  Roger & his wife had two children: 

a)         ARNAUD [II] de Comminges .   "Adalaiz…cum Arnaldus frater Rodgarii et alius Arnaldus filius Rodgarii et Ber…" donated property to the abbey of Lagrasse for the souls of "Rodgarii et Aimilde comitissa et…alio Rodgario" by charter dated [19 Jun 936/10 Sep 954] signed by "Raimundi comitis, Adalaiz comitissa qui hoc fecit"[715]m ---.  The name of Arnaud's wife is not known.  Arnaud & his wife had three children: 

i)          ROGER [II] de Comminges .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1003/[1035].  Comte de Comminges

-         see below

ii)         ODO de Comminges (-before May 1035).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Commingesm ---.  The name of Odo's wife is not known.  Odo & his wife had one child: 

(a)       BERNARD ODO de Comminges .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

iii)        BERNARD de Comminges .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Bishop of Toulouse 1035. 

b)         PIERRE de Comminges .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  978/[1025].  Bishop of Comminges. 

 

 

ROGER [II] de Comminges, son of ARNAUD de Comminges & his wife ---.  1003/[1035].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Comminges

m ALDANE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

Roger & his wife had two children: 

1.         ARNAUD [III] (-after [1070]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Comminges.  A charter dated to [1058] records a claim by "Arnaldus comes" against "Sancti Petri Fustiniaco", in the presence of "Bernardi episcopi sive Bernardo fratre suo similiter episcopo"[716].  "Arnaldus comes" donated property to the abbey of Peyrissas by charter dated to [1070][717].  A charter dated May [1080] records that "Arnaldus comes" donated property to the abbey of Peyrissas which was later usurped by "Bernardus-Arnaldi et Raimundus-Arnaldi et antecessores illorum usque in diebus Rogerii monachi"[718]m ---.  The name of Arnaud's wife is not known.  Comte Arnaud [III] & his wife had four children: 

a)         ROGER [III] (-before 1105).  Comte de Commingesm ---.  The name of Roger's wife is not known.  Comte Roger [III] & his wife had one child:

i)          BERNARD [I] (-killed in battle Saint-Gaudens [after 1145]).  A charter dated 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent "Rogerio de Convenis" to "B. comes...Bernardo" to "Dodo comes" to "iste B. comes"[719]Comte de Comminges.  He was mortally wounded at the battle of Saint-Gaudens[720]m DIAS de Samatan, daughter and heiress of GODEFROI Seigneur de Samatan et de Muret & his wife ---.  Her marriage and parentage are confirmed by the marriage contract dated 26 Apr 1139 under which "Bernardus de Comenge et uxor mea Dias et filii nostri Bernardus de Comenge et Rogerius et Dodo de Samatano" granted property to "Bernardae filiae nostrae et viro tuo Rogerio de Biterri", which also names "Godafredus de Murello…pater meus Petrus Raymundi" as previous owners of "castrum de Murello" which he granted to "predictæ Dias filiæ meæ et viro suo Bernardo de Comenge"[721].  Comte Bernard [I] & his wife had eight children: 

(a)       BERNARD [II] (-before 1153, bur Bonnefont).  His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract dated 26 Apr 1139 under which "Bernardus de Comenge et uxor mea Dias et filii nostri Bernardus de Comenge et Rogerius et Dodo de Samatano" granted property to "Bernardae filiae nostrae et viro tuo Rogerio de Biterri"[722].  His place of burial is confirmed by the donation by "Dozo comes Convenarum" to the abbey of Bonnefont for the soul of "fratris mei Bernardi qui in prescripto monasterio jacet…" dated 1153[723]Comte de Comminges

(b)       ROGER (-1155 or before).  His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract dated 26 Apr 1139 under which "Bernardus de Comenge et uxor mea Dias et filii nostri Bernardus de Comenge et Rogerius et Dodo de Samatano" granted property to "Bernardae filiae nostrae et viro tuo Rogerio de Biterri"[724]

(c)       DODON de Comminges dit "de Samatan" (-after 1176).  His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract dated 26 Apr 1139 under which "Bernardus de Comenge et uxor mea Dias et filii nostri Bernardus de Comenge et Rogerius et Dodo de Samatano" granted property to "Bernardae filiae nostrae et viro tuo Rogerio de Biterri"[725]Comte de Comminges, as "Bernard [III]" in 1153. 

-         see below.

(d)       GUY de Comminges .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1180.  m BERTRANDE d'Aure, daughter and heiress of ARNAUD [III] Vicomte d'Aure & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 

-         VICOMTES d'AURE and SEIGNEURS de LARBOUST, later COMTES et DUCS de GRAMONT[726].  

(e)       GODEFROI dit "Bernard" .  "Dozo de Samatamo comes Convenarum qui dicebatur Bernardus…filius Bernardi comitis" and "Godefredus qui vocatur similiter Bernardus et Fortanerius fratres eius" donated property to Berdoues by charter dated 1163[727]

(f)        ARNAUD ROGER .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   1153/77.  Bishop of Comminges. 

(g)       BERNARDE de Comminges (-after 12 Aug 1150).  Her marriage and parentage are confirmed by the marriage contract dated 28 Apr 1139 under which "Bernardus de Comenge et uxor mea Dias et filii nostri Bernardus de Comenge et Rogerius et Dodo de Samatano" granted property to "Bernardae filiae nostrae et viro tuo Rogerio de Biterri", which also names "Godafredus de Murello…pater meus Petrus Raymundi" as previous owners of "castrum de Murello" which he granted to "predictæ Dias filiæ meæ et viro suo Bernardo de Comenge"[728].  "Rogerius Biterrensis et uxor mea Bernarda vicecomitissa" issued a charter to the church of Carcassonne dated 28 Jun 1146[729].  The testament of "Rogerius de Biterri" is dated 12 Aug 1150 and names "Raimundo Trencavel fratri meo…Bernardæ vicecomitissæ uxori meæ"[730]m (contract 28 Apr 1139) ROGER Vicomte de Béziers, son of BERNARD ATON [IV] Vicomte d'Albi, de Nîmes, de Carcassonne, de Béziers et d'Agde & his wife Cecilia de Provence (-12 Aug 1150). 

(h)       FORTANER de Comminges (-after 1163).  "Dozo de Samatamo comes Convenarum qui dicebatur Bernardus…filius Bernardi comitis" and "Godefredus qui vocatur similiter Bernardus et Fortanerius fratres eius" donated property to Berdoues by charter dated 1163[731]

b)         BERNARD ARNAUD de Comminges (-before 1105).  A charter dated May [1080] records that "Arnaldus comes" donated property to the abbey of Peyrissas which was later usurped by "Bernardus-Arnaldi et Raimundus-Arnaldi et antecessores illorum usque in diebus Rogerii monachi"[732]

c)         RAYMOND ARNAUD de Comminges .  A charter dated May [1080] records that "Arnaldus comes" donated property to the abbey of Peyrissas which was later usurped by "Bernardus-Arnaldi et Raimundus-Arnaldi et antecessores illorum usque in diebus Rogerii monachi"[733].  [1105].  m ---.  The name of Raymond Arnaud's wife is not known.  Raymond Arnaud & his wife had one child:

i)          ARNAUD de Comminges .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  [1105]. 

d)         BRUNE de Comminges .  A charter dated Nov 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent from "Bruna" to "Ademarus de Pontiis" to "alia Bruna" to "Navarra" to "Comtors filia Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta"[734]m --- Seigneur de Pontis, son of ---.  Brune & her husband had one child: 

i)          ADEMAR de Pontis .  A charter dated Nov 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent from "Bruna" to "Ademarus de Pontiis" to "alia Bruna" to "Navarra" to "Comtors filia Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta"[735]m ---.  The name of Ademar´s wife is not known.  Ademar & his wife had one child: 

(a)       BRUNE de Pontis .  A charter dated Nov 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent from "Bruna" to "Ademarus de Pontiis" to "alia Bruna" to "Navarra" to "Comtors filia Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta"[736]m ---.  The name of Brune´s husband is not known.  Brune & her husband had one child: 

(1)       NAVARRA .  A charter dated Nov 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent from "Bruna" to "Ademarus de Pontiis" to "alia Bruna" to "Navarra" to "Comtors filia Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta"[737]m ARNAUD GUILLAUME [I] Vicomte de la Barthe, son of ODON Vicomte de la Barthe & his wife --- (-[1200]). 

2.         BERNARD de Comminges (-before 1060).  A charter dated to [1058] records a claim by "Arnaldus comes" against "Sancti Petri Fustiniaco", in the presence of "Bernardi episcopi sive Bernardo fratre suo similiter episcopo"[738].  Bishop of Comminges. 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

DODON de Comminges dit "de Samatan", son of BERNARD [I] Comte de Comminges & his wife Dias de Samatan (-after 1176).  His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract dated 26 Apr 1139 under which "Bernardus de Comenge et uxor mea Dias et filii nostri Bernardus de Comenge et Rogerius et Dodo de Samatano" granted property to "Bernardae filiae nostrae et viro tuo Rogerio de Biterri"[739].  He succeeded as Comte de Comminges, as "BERNARD [III]" in 1153.  "Bernardus comes Convenarum…filius Bernardi comitis" donated property to Berdoues by charter dated 1160[740].  "Dozo de Samatamo comes Convenarum qui dicebatur Bernardus…filius Bernardi comitis" and "Godefredus qui vocatur similiter Bernardus et Fortanerius fratres eius" donated property to Berdoues by charter dated 1163[741]

m --- de Toulouse, illegitimate daughter of ALPHONSE JOURDAIN Comte de Toulouse Duc de Narbonne & his mistress ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by an undated charter which names "comes Convenarum Bernardus nepos Ramundi de Sancto Egidio"[742], presumably referring to her son Comte Bernard [IV].  If this is correct, it is chronologically consistent to interpret "nepos" in this document as grandson, although this is not the only possibility.  This interpretation is, however, confirmed by a charter dated Jan 1191 which names "Bernardus comes de Cominge, filius sororis comitis Tolosæ"[743], and a charter dated 1202 which names "B. lo comte de Comenge lo cal fo filh de la filha N Anfos"[744].  According to Père Anselme[745], she was the daughter of Raymond V Comte de Toulouse (which is contradicted by the last cited charter), and was named LAURENTIA, although the primary source on which this is based has not been identified.  It is assumed that she must have been illegitimate. 

Comte Bernard [III] & his wife had four children: 

1.         BERNARD [IV] de Comminges (-22 Feb 1225).  A charter dated 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent "Rogerio de Convenis" to "B. comes...Bernardo" to "Dodo comes" to "iste B. comes"[746].  He succeeded as Comte de Comminges

-        see below

2.         ROGER de Comminges (-before 3 Apr 1211).  "Rogerus comes Convenarum" reached agreement with "Simone comite Leycestriensi, domino Montisfortis...Biterensi et Carcassonensi vicecomite, et domino Albiensi et Redensi" by charter dated 3 Apr 1211[747]

-        VICOMTES de COUSERANS

3.         GUY de Comminges .  Seigneur de Savès {Frontignan-Savès, Haute-Garonne – part of the canton of L'Isle-en-Dodon}.  m AUDE de Peguilhan {Haute-Garonne}, daughter of ---. 

-        SEIGNEURS DE PEGUILHAN.  “Bernardus Convenarum et Fortanerius Convenarum, filii quondam domini Bernardi Convenarum de Savezio” paid homage to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse “pro nobis et Aymerico fratre nostro” by charter dated 5 Sep 1240, witnessed by “Dominus Bernardus comes Convenarum et dominus Bernardus comes Armaniaci…[748]

4.         FORTANER de Comminges .  Seigneur d'Aspet, de iure uxorism --- dame d'Aspet, daughter of ARNAUD-RAIMOND [II] Seigneur d'Aspet & his wife ---. 

 

 

BERNARD [IV] de Comminges, son of BERNARD [III] [Dodon] Comte de Comminges & his wife --- de Toulouse (-22 Feb 1225).  A charter dated 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent "Rogerio de Convenis" to "B. comes...Bernardo" to "Dodo comes" to "iste B. comes"[749].  He is named "comes Convenarum Bernardus nepos Ramundi de Sancto Egidio"[750].  A charter dated Nov 1197 names "Bernardus comes Convenarum filius sororis comitis Tolosani[751], and a charter dated 1202 names "B. lo comte de Comenge lo cal fo filh de la filha N Anfos"[752].  He succeeded in May 1176 as Comte de Comminges, under the guardianship of Guillaume d'Aure, for a few months only, as in April 1177 a document names "Bernardo comite Convenarum" without naming a guardian[753].  "Bernardus comes de Cominge, filius sororis comitis Tolosæ" and "Jordano domino de Isla, et Jordanus de Isla cum eo" agreed peace by charter dated Jan 1191[754].  "Bernardus comes Convenarum et Bigore et vicecomes de Marchan" donated property to Gimont by charter dated Aug 1192, witnessed by "Arnaldus Willelmus de la Barta…"[755].  A "Chronique en Languedocien, tirée du cartulaire de Raymond le Jeune comte de Toulouse" records the death "VII die al issit de Fevrier en Disapte" in 1225 of "lo coms de Cumenge"[756].  The Chronicle of Toulouse Saint-Saturnin records the death in 1223 of "dominus Bernardus comes Convenarum"[757]

m firstly (1180, divorced after 1192) [as her second husband,] BEATRIX [III] Comtesse de Bigorre, [widow of PIERRE [II] Vicomte de Dax,] daughter of CENTULE [III] Comte de Bigorre and his wife Matelle de Baux.  Her supposed first marriage is deduced from Roger of Hoveden who names her supposed husband "Petrus vicecomes Akensis et comes Bigorniæ" when recording the capitulation of the town of Dax in 1177[758].  The only explanation for Pierre being accorded the title Comte de Bigorre is if he had married the heiress of Bigorre.  However, the possibility that Roger of Hoveden was mistaken in recording this title cannot be excluded. 

m secondly ([1195], divorced [1197]) COMTORS de la Barthe, daughter of ARNAUD GUILLAUME Vicomte de la Barthe and his wife Navarra de Pontis (-after 1234).  A charter dated Nov 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent from "Bruna" to "Ademarus de Pontiis" to "Navarra" to "Comtors filia Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta", and from "Rogerio de Convenis" to "B. comes...Bernardo" to "Dodo comes" to "iste B. comes"[759]

m thirdly (contract Dec 1197, divorced 1201) as her second husband, MARIE de Montpellier, widow of RAYMOND GEOFFROY "Barral" Vicomte de Marseille, daughter of GUILLAUME [VIII] Seigneur de Montpellier & his wife Eudokia Comnene (-Rome 21 Apr 1213).  "Guillelmus…Montispessulani, filius quondam Mathildis ducisse" agreed the marriage of "filiam meam Mariam" and "Bernardo, comitis Convenarum" by charter dated Dec 1197, under which Marie also agreed to renounce her rights to Montpellier in favour of "Guillelmo Montispessulani patri meo, et tibi Guillelmo filio ejus et domine Agnetis, fratri meo"[760].  However, after a revolt of the citizens of Montpellier against young Guillaume [IX], Marie recovered her inheritance 15 Jun 1204[761].  Pope Innocent III addressed the bishops of Narbonne and Comminges by bull dated 29 Dec 1201 concerning the repudiation by "comes Convenarum" of his wife "Guillelmo domino Montispesulani…filiam"[762].  She married thirdly (Montpellier 15 Jun 1204) don Pedro II "el Católico" King of Aragon.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Maria Guilelmi Montepessulano filia" as wife of "rege Petro Arragonum"[763]

Comte Bernard [IV] and his first wife had one child:

1.         PETRONILLE de Comminges (-1251).  She succeeded her mother as Comtesse de Bigorrem firstly (betrothed 1192, 1 Jun [1196 or after]) GASTON VI Comte de Béarn, son of GUILLEM de Montcada [II] & his wife Maria de Béarn (1165-1215).  m secondly (divorced) don NUÑO Sanchez de Aragón, son of Infante don SANCHO de Aragón Comte de Roussillon et de Cerdanya, ex-Comte de Provence & his second wife doña Sancha Núñez de Lara ([1185]-1242).  He succeeded his father in 1226 as Comte de Roussillon et de Cerdagne/Cerdaña.  m thirdly (13 Nov 1216) GUY de Montfort-l’Amaury, son of SIMON de Montfort Comte de Toulouse, Duc de Narbonne and Marquis de Provence & his wife Alix de Montmorency (-killed in battle 4 Apr 1220, bur Abbaye de Haute-Bruyère).  m fourthly AYMAR de Rancon, son of GEOFFROY [V] de Rancon Seigneur de Taillebourg & his wife --- (-1224).  m fifthly (1228) BOSON de Mastas Seigneur de Cognac (-before 1251). 

Comte Bernard [IV] & his [first] wife had [one] child: 

2.         MASCAROSE de Comminges .  She cannot be ascribed to any of Comte Bernard's marriages[764], although there appears insufficient time for her to have been the daughter of his second marriage, and she is not named in the 1213 testament of his third wife. 

Comte Bernard [IV] and his second wife had [three] children: 

3.         BERNARD [V] de Comminges (1196-Lanta 30 Nov 1241, bur Bonnefont).  "Bernardus comes Convenarum" names "filio meo Bernardo, quem habui ex Contores filia Arnaldi Guillelmi de Barta" in the charter dated Dec 1197 relating to his third marriage[765].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Comminges

-        see below

4.         ARNAUD ROGER de Comminges .  Bishop of Comminges. 

5.         [DELPHINE de Comminges .  Abbess of L'Esclache[766].] 

Comte Bernard [IV] and his third wife had two children: 

6.         MATHILDE de Comminges .  The testament of "Maria regina Aragonum et domina Montispessulani" is dated 20 Apr 1213, naming "Jacobum filium Regis Aragonum et meumduæ filiæ meæ Mathildis…et Perona"[767].   The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records that "comte Bernard de Comminges" had two daughters by his wife "la fille de Guillaume de Montpellier…Marie" of whom one married "Sanche de Barral" and the other "Centulle comte d´Astarac"[768]m ([1212]) SANCHE [III] Vicomte de la Barthe, son of ARNAUD GUILLAUME [I] Vicomte de la Barthe & his wife Navara de Pontis (-after 1235). 

7.         PETRONILLE de Comminges .  The testament of "Maria regina Aragonum et domina Montispessulani" is dated 20 Apr 1213, naming "Jacobum filium Regis Aragonum et meumduæ filiæ meæ Mathildis…et Perona"[769].   The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records that "comte Bernard de Comminges" had two daughters by his wife "la fille de Guillaume de Montpellier…Marie" of whom one married "Sanche de Barral" and the other "Centulle comte d´Astarac"[770]m as his first wife, CENTULE [I] Comte d'Astarac, son of --- (-1243 or before). 

 

 

BERNARD [V] de Comminges, son of BERNARD [IV] Comte de Comminges & his second wife Comtors de La Barthe (1196-Lanta 30 Nov 1241, bur Bonnefont).  "Bernardus comes Convenarum" names "filio meo Bernardo, quem habui ex Contores filia Arnaldi Guillelmi de Barta" in the charter dated Dec 1197 relating to his third marriage[771].  He succeeded his father in 1225 as Comte de Comminges.  He submitted to Louis VIII King of France at Avignon in Aug 1225 during the king's campaign in southern France against the Albigensians.  “Bernardus comes Convennarum” paid homage to Louis IX King of France by charter dated Oct 1227[772].  “Dominus Bernardus comes Convenarum et dominus Bernardus comes Armaniaci…” witnessed the charter dated 5 Sep 1240 under which “Bernardus Convenarum et Fortanerius Convenarum, filii quondam domini Bernardi Convenarum de Savezio” paid homage to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse “pro nobis et Aymerico fratre nostro[773].  A mansucript chronicle records the death "in festo sancti Andreæ apostoli" in 1241 of "Bernardus comes Convenarum" and his burial "in monasterio Bonifontis"[774].  The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records the death "à Lanta" of "Bernard comte de Comminges", in 1241 from the context, "à table, en prenant son repas, le jour de la fête de l´apôtre Saint-André"[775]

m (contract 6 May 1224) CECILE de Foix, daughter of RAYMOND ROGER Comte de Foix & his wife Philippa [de Montcada].  The testament of Raymond Roger Comte de Foix is dated May 1222 and names his children Roger Bernard, Aimery and Cécile[776].  The contract of marriage between "Bernardum Convenarum, filius D. Bernardi Convenarum comitis" and "Sezeliæ...sorori D. Rogeri Bernardi comitis Fuxi" is dated 6 May 1224, witnessed by "...Petrus de Insula..."[777]

Comte Bernard [V] & his wife had one child: 

1.         BERNARD [VI] de Comminges ([1225]-1295).  He succeeded his father in 1251 as Comte de Comminges.  He swore homage to  Raimond VII Comte de Toulouse 18 Nov 1244[778].  He resigned his county in 1295 in favour of his son and died soon after.  m (before 26 Aug 1245) THERESE, daughter of ---.  A charter dated 26 Aug 1245 records that Amat, first cowherd of Countess Tarazia, wife of Bernard Comte de Comminges, requested permission from the abbot of Lézat to graze his herd in the abbey's pastures[779].  According to Higounet, this is the only evidence for her existence[780].  Comte Bernard [VI] & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         BERNARD [VII] de Comminges (-21 Jul 1312, bur Bonfont).  The testament of "Mascarona…comitissa Ruthenensis", made Mar 1291, appoints "dominum Arnaldum Rotgerii præpositum sancti Stephani de Tolosa et dominum Bernardum de Convenis fratres nostros…" among the executors[781].  He succeeded his father in 1295 as Comte de Comminges

-        see below

b)         ARNAUD ROGER de Comminges (-3 Oct 1298).  The testament of "Mascarona…comitissa Ruthenensis", made Mar 1291, appoints "dominum Arnaldum Rotgerii præpositum sancti Stephani de Tolosa et dominum Bernardum de Convenis fratres nostros…" among the executors[782].  A list of Bishops of Toulouse compiled by Bernard Guidonis records that "Arnaldus Rotgerii de Convenis, filius domini Bernardi comitis Convenarum" was named bishop in 1297 "circa festum Omnium Sanctorum" and died 3 Oct 1298 "in itinere dum de Romana" after returning from his consecration[783].  Bishop of Toulouse 1297. 

c)         MASCAROSE .  A manuscript of Rodez convent records the second marriage of "Henricus comes Ruthenensis filius Hugonis" and "domina Mascarosa de Convenis"[784].  Her marriage is confirmed by the testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, which names "quondam bonæ memoriæ domini Henrici comitis Ruthenæ avi nostri…dominæ Mascariosæ eius uxoris, aut nostræ…dominæ Ceciliæ comitissæ Ruthenæ matris nostræ"[785].  The testament of "Mascarona…comitissa Ruthenensis", made Mar 1291 with the consent of "comitis Convenarum et domini Henrici…comitis Ruthenensis viri nostri", makes bequests to "dominæ Seguis sorori nostræ…dominæ Rubeæ sororis nostræ…Valborgis filiæ nostræ…filiabus nostris…Valborges, Cæciliæ et Beatrici", and appoints "dominum Arnaldum Rotgerii præpositum sancti Stephani de Tolosa et dominum Bernardum de Convenis fratres nostros…" among the executors[786]m (12 Oct 1270) as his second wife, HENRI [II] Comte de Rodez, son of HUGUES [IV] Comte de Rodez {Aveyron} and his wife Isabelle de Roquefeuil, Vicomtesse de Creissels {Aveyron} (-4 Sep 1304, bur Bonval). 

d)         SEGUINE (-after Mar 1291).  The testament of "Mascarona…comitissa Ruthenensis", made Mar 1291, makes bequests to "dominæ Seguis sorori nostræ…dominæ Rubeæ sororis nostræ…"[787].  Nun at Saint-Laurent[788]

e)         RUBEA (-after Mar 1291).  The testament of "Mascarona…comitissa Ruthenensis", made Mar 1291, makes bequests to "dominæ Seguis sorori nostræ…dominæ Rubeæ sororis nostræ…"[789]

 

 

BERNARD [VII] de Comminges, son of BERNARD [VI] Comte de Comminges & his wife Thérèse --- (-21 Jul 1312, bur Bonfont).  The testament of "Mascarona…comitissa Ruthenensis", made Mar 1291, appoints "dominum Arnaldum Rotgerii præpositum sancti Stephani de Tolosa et dominum Bernardum de Convenis fratres nostros…" among the executors[790].  He succeeded his father in 1295 as Comte de Comminges.  The Flores historiarum of Bernard Guidonis records the death "XII Kal Aug" in 1312 of "Bernardus comes Convenarum" and his burial "in abbatis Bono Fonte, Cisterciensis ordinis in sepulcro parentum"[791]

m LAURE de Montfort, daughter of PHILIPPE de Montfort-l'Amaury Seigneur de Castres et de la Ferté-Alais & his wife Jeanne de Levis (-before 1 Dec 1300).  A charter dated 15 May 1295 included in the cartulary of Notre-Dame de la Roche records the partition of property of Montfort and Castro, agreed by "Joannes de Monteforti comes Squllacii et Montis-Caviosi ac regni Siciliæ camerarius, Bernardus de Convenis miles…" which specifies that the latter was "primogenitus D comitis Convenarum" and that he was acting for "Lauræ de Monteforti consortis nostræ"[792]

Comte Bernard [VII] & his wife had six children: 

1.         BERNARD [VIII] de Comminges (after 28 Aug 1336).  He succeeded as Vicomte de Turenne, de iure uxoris.  "Dominum Bernardum de Convenis vicecomitem de Turenna" swore homage to Tulle monastery for "vicecomitatus de Brassaco" by charter dated Oct 1307[793].  He succeeded his father in 1312 as Comte de Comminges.  Philippe VI King of France issued letters of remission to “Bernard comte de Comenges, vicomte de Tureine, Pierre Raymond et Gui de Comenges, frères dudit comte” dated Nov 1333 relating to their previous acts[794]m firstly MARQUA [Pucelle] d'Armagnac, daughter of GERAUD [VI] Comte d'Armagnac et de Fezensac & his wife Mathe de Béarn.  The testament of “Bernardus...comes Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” is dated 18 May 1302, names “Gastonem, Rogerium, Marquam et Mascarosinam fratres et sorores nostros...Geraldo de Labbatus nepoti nostro et primogenito dictæ Mascarosæ sororis nostræ...Geraldi quondam patris nostri comitis...dominæ Siachæ comitissa Armeniaci et Fesenciaci matri nostræ[795]m secondly MARGUERITE Vicomtesse de Turenne, daughter of RAYMOND [VII] Vicomte de Turenne & his first wife Léticie de Rochechouart (-after 1311).  She appointed her husband as her heir in Turenne, the viscounty of Turenne passing to his daughter by his second marriage.  m thirdly MATHE de l'Isle-Jourdain, daughter of BERNARD JOURDAIN [IV] Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain & his first wife Marguerite de Foix.  Comte Bernard [VIII] & his third wife had three children: 

a)         ELEONORE de Comminges (-1397)m (17 Nov 1349) GUILLAUME [III] Rogier Comte de Beaufort

b)         JEANNE de Comminges (-29 Apr 1398)m (1350) her first cousin, PIERRE-RAYMOND [II] de Comminges, son of PIERRE-RAYMOND [I] de Comminges & his wife Jeanne de Fezensac. 

c)         CECILE de Comminges (-1384).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the testament of "infans Iacobi…domini Alfonsi bone memorie regis Aragonum filius…comes Urgelli et vicecomes Agerensis", dated 14 May 1344, which refers to the dowry given by "Bernardus comes Comenge et vicecomes Turensis quondam, pater…dompne Cecilie consorte nostre"[796].  She sold the viscounty of Turenne to Guillaume [III] Rogier Comte de Beaufort in 1350 for 145,000 gold florins[797]m (1336) Infante don JAIME de Aragón Conde de Urgel, son of don ALFONSO IV "el Benigne" King of Aragon & his first wife doña Teresa Entenza Condesa de Urgel (1321-Barcelona 15 Nov 1347). 

2.         PIERRE-RAYMOND [I] de Comminges (-16 Apr 1341).  Philippe VI King of France issued letters of remission to “Bernard comte de Comenges, vicomte de Tureine, Pierre Raymond et Gui de Comenges, frères dudit comte” dated Nov 1333 relating to their previous acts[798]m FRANÇOISE de Fezensac, daughter of ---.  Pierre-Raymond [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         PIERRE RAYMOND [II] de Comminges (-after Oct 1375).  The testament of "Petrus Raymundi…comes Convenarum", dated Oct 1375, confirmed the dowry of "dominæ Elienardi de Convenis filiæ suæ uxori domini Johannis de Bolonha" from her marriage to "Bertrando comite Insulæ eius primo marito", appointed "dominam Margaritam eius filiam…et dominæ Johannæ eius consortis", married firstly to "domino Johanne quondam comite Armaniaci et Convenarum", as his heir, with "dictam dominam Elienordim de Convenis…dominam Johannam eius consortem…domino Johanni de Armaniaco vicecomiti Fesensaguelli eius nepoti…dominum Petrum comitem Urgelli…dominum Raymundum de Torenne eius nepotem..." in successive substitution[799].  A manuscript chronicle records the death in 1375 of "D. Petrus Raymundi comes Convenarum" after making his testament[800]m (1350) his first cousin, JEANNE de Comminges, daughter of BERNARD [VIII] Comte de Comminges & his third wife Mathe de l'Isle-Jourdain.  Pierre Raymond [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          MARGUERITE de Comminges (1363-1443).  The testament of "Petrus Raymundi…comes Convenarum", dated Oct 1375, appointed "dominam Margaritam eius filiam…et dominæ Johannæ eius consortis", married firstly to "domino Johanne quondam comite Armaniaci et Convenarum", as his heir[801].  A charter dated 8 Oct 1392 records the procuration from "domina Margaritta relicta…domini Joannis quondam comitis Armaniaci…Convenarum comitissa" to negotiate her marriage to "Joanne de Armaniaco filio…domini Geraldi de Armaniaco comitis Pardiaci…et…dominæ Annæ de Montelugduno eius consortis"[802]m firstly JEAN [III] d´Armagnac, son of JEAN [II] Comte d´Armagnac & his wife Jeanne de Périgord ([1359]-25 Jul 1391).  He succeeded his father in 1384 as Comte d´Armagnacm secondly (contract 8 Oct 1392) JEAN de Fezenzaguet, son of GERAUD d´Armagnac Vicomte de Fezenzaguet, Comte de Pardiac & his wife Anne de Montlezun.   

ii)         ELEONORE de Comminges (-after 1378).  The testament of "Petrus Raymundi…comes Convenarum", dated Oct 1375, confirmed the dowry of "dominæ Elienardi de Convenis filiæ suæ uxori domini Johannis de Bolonha" from her marriage to "Bertrando comite Insulæ eius primo marito"[803]m firstly BERTRAND [II] Comte de l´Isle-Jourdain, son of JEAN-JOURDAIN [I] Comte de l´Isle-Jourdain & his wife Jeanne d´Albret (-after 29 Jun 1369).  m secondly (contract Compiègne 11 Aug 1373) JEAN [II] d´Auvergne, son of JEAN [I] Duke of Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne & his wife Jeanne de Clermont (-28 Sep 1404).  He succeeded his father in 1386 as Duke of Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne. 

b)         JEANNE de Comminges m GERAUD d'Armagnac Vicomte de Fezenzaguet, son of GASTON d´Armagnac Vicomte de Fezenzaguet & his first wife Valpurge de Rodez (-1339).  . 

3.         GUY de Comminges (-1365).  Philippe VI King of France issued letters of remission to “Bernard comte de Comenges, vicomte de Tureine, Pierre Raymond et Gui de Comenges, frères dudit comte” dated Nov 1333 relating to their previous acts[804].  Seigneur de Figeac.  m firstly (1309) MARGUERITE de Monteil-Adhémar, daughter of HUGUES de Monteil-Adhémar Seigneur de Lombers & his wife --- (-1313).  m secondly (17 Jul 1323) as her second husband, INDIA de Caumont, widow of GASTON d´Armagnac Vicomte de Fézenzaguet, daughter of GUILLAUME [III] Seigneur de Caumont & his wife Miramonde de Mauléon. 

4.         JEAN de Comminges (-after 1317).  A list of Bishops of Toulouse compiled by Bernard Guidonis records that "Johannes de Convenis filius quondam comitis Convenarum...episcopus Magalonensis" was named bishop of Toulouse in 1317[805]

5.         CECILE de Comminges (-after 23 Jun 1354).  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records that "Johannes Marchio Montis-ferrati" married firstly "sororem Domini Cardinalis de Conunzi…adhuc puellam"[806]m firstly AMANIEU Comte d'Astarac, son of BERNARD [IV] Comte d´Astarac & his first wife Mathe de Foix (-1331).  m secondly ([1331/37]) as his first wife, GIOVANNI II Marchese di Monferrato, son of TEODORO I Paleologo Marchese di Monferrato & his wife Argentina Spinola (-20 Mar 1372). 

6.         ELEONORE de Comminges (-after 16 May 1365).  Her name and origin are confirmed by the charter dated 8 Feb 1347 which records that Philippe VI King of France abandoned rights over the lands to be ceded to "Agnes, fille…de Phelippe jadis roy et de…Jehnne de France royne de Navarre" when she married "Gaston comte de Foix…[filz de] Alliénor de Cominges contesse de Foix"[807].  The nobles of the county of Foix paid homage to “Alienors de Convenis comitissa ac vicecomitissa”, widow of “Gasto comes Fuxi ac vicecomes Bearnii ac Marciani”, by act dated 28 Dec 1345 which includes a lengthy list of named nobles[808]m (1327) GASTON [II] "le Preux" Comte de Foix, son of GASTON [I] Comte de Foix & his wife Jeanne d'Artois (1308-Algeciras or Seville 26 Sep 1343). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    COMTES de FOIX

 

 

A.      COMTES de FOIX (COMTES de CARCASSONNE)

 

 

The comtes de Foix were vassals of the comtes de Carcassonne, who were in turn vassals of the comtes de Toulouse. 

 

 

BERNARD ROGER de Carcassonne, son of ROGER [I] de Comminges Comte de Carcassonne & his wife Adelais de Pons (before Aug 981-[22 Aug 1036/38]).  "Roggarius comes…cum coniuge comitissa Adalaice seu Regimundo sobole atque Bernardo sobole" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Hilaire by charter dated Aug 981[809].  "Rotgerius comes et marchio cum coniuge comitissa Adalaisse atque cum prole Regimundo Barnardoque" donated property with the abbey of Saint-Hilaire by charter dated 1 Nov 984[810].  "Rodgarius comes et uxor mea Aladaiz" donated property to the abbey of Lézat by charter dated Aug [1001], signed by "Ramundo, Bernardo, Petrone"[811].  “Rogerius comes”, under his testament dated to [1002], divided his properties, “ad Bernardo filio meo…comitatu de Cosoragno…castello de Fuxo[812].  "Rogerius comes et conjux mea Adalaizis comitissa" donated property to Saint-Hilaire, including property which "frater meus Oddo comes habuit", for the soul of "fratris mei Oddoni comitis" and for "filio nostro Regimundo comite", by charter dated Apr 1011, signed by "…Bernardus et dominus Petrus…comites…"[813].  He succeeded in 1012 as Comte de Couserans and (part) Carcassonne, Seigneur du pays de Foix.  Comte de Bigorre, by right of his wife. 

m ([1010]) GERSENDE Ctss de Bigorre, daughter of GARCIA ARNAUD Comte de Bigorre & his wife Ricarda --- ([986]-[1032/34]).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1034 under which “Rotgarius filius Garsente” paid homage to “Petrone episcopo filio Adalais[814].  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "dona Beatriz de Bezes" as the wife of "Mossen Bernard"[815], but this source is too late to give much credibility to its account of the early comtes de Foix.  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

Comte Bernard Roger & his wife had six children:

1.         BERNARD de Foix (-before 24 Jun 1077).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Bigorre.    

-        COMTES de BIGORRE

2.         ROGER [I] de Foix (-[1064]).  “Petrus episcopus” divided property “cum Rodgario nepote suo” by charter dated 1034 which names “Bernardus pater eius[816].  “Rotgarius filius Garsente” paid homage to “Petrone episcopo filio Adalais” by charter dated 1034[817]Comte de Foix.  "Rotgerius comes de Foys [et] uxor eius" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 1049[818].  "Rogerius comes filius Rangard" [Comte de Carcassonne] and "Rogerium comitem filium Garsendæ comitissæ" [Comte de Foix] confirmed their agreement relating to "civitate…Carcassona" by charter dated to [1063][819]m --- (-after [1060]).  There is an anonymous reference to her in the joint donation to Cluny by "Rotgerius comes de Foys [et] uxor eius" dated 1049[820].  The edition quoted confirms that the name "Amica" (which appears in this charter as it is reproduced in the 3rd edition of the Histoire Générale de Languedoc[821]) was added by the first editor of the charter as the name of Count Roger's wife but that it does not appear in the original[822].  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Arsenda" as the wife of "Mossen Roger"[823], but this source is too late to give much credibility to its account of the early comtes de Foix. 

3.         PIERRE BERNARD de Foix (-1071).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, other than the reference to him as "Petrus Bernardi comes".  Comte de Couserans, Comte de Foix.  "Petrus Bernardi comes" sold his rights "in villa Calsan" to the monastery of Camon, with the consent of "Rodgerii comitis filii sui", by charter dated to [1070][824]m LETGARDE, daughter of --- (-after [1074]).  "Rogerius comes Fuxensis et genetrix mea…Ledgardis" donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated to [1074][825].  Comte Pierre Bernard & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROGER [II] de Foix (-1124).  His father's name is confirmed by the charter dated to [1064/71] under which "Petrus Bernardi comes de Alberga et de Forcia" donated property to the abbey of Lagrasse on the advice of "Rodgerii comitis filii sui"[826].  "Petrus Bernardi comes" sold his rights "in villa Calsan" to the monastery of Camon, with the consent of "Rodgerii comitis filii sui", by charter dated to [1070][827].  He succeeded in 1074 as Comte de Foix.  "…Rodgarii comitis de Fuxo…" subscribed the charter dated 7 Sep 1071 which records an agreement between "Wuiellmum Tolosanum comitem" and "Raimundum comitem Barchinonensem et Carchanonensem et Raimundem filium eius" settling their dispute about "castello de Laurago" [Lauragais][828].  "Rogerius comes Fuxensis et coniux mea Sicardis comitissa" donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated to [1074], subscribed by "domni G. comitis Tolosani et domni Raymundi fratris eius comitis Ruthenæ"[829].  "Rogerius comes Fuxensis et genetrix mea…Ledgardis" donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated to [1074][830].  "Rogerius comes Fuxensis" and "Ermengarda vicecomitissa et…Bernardo Atonis filio eius" settled their disputes about the county of Carcassonne by charter dated 21 Apr 1095[831].  “Rogerius comes Fuxensis…et filius meus Rogerius” restored property to the abbey of Alet by charter dated 1108[832].  “Rogerius comes Fuxi et filii mei Rogerius et Bernardus et Petrus” donated property to the abbey of Lezat by charter dated 1120[833]. m firstly ([1073]) SICARDA, daughter of --- (-1076 or after).  "Rogerius comes Fuxensis et coniux mea Sicardis comitissa" donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated to [1074][834].  "Rogerius comes [et] Sicardis uxor mea" made donations to Cluny dated 25 Jan 1075 and 1076[835]m secondly ESTEFANÍA de Besalú, daughter of GUILLEM [II] "Trunus"[836] Conde de Besalú his wife Estefania de Provence.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Dec 1129 of her son “Rogerius Fuxi comes, filius Rogerii et Stephaniæ[837].  1095.  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte Roger [II] & his second wife had four children:

i)          ROGER [III] de Foix (-[1147/48]).  “Rogerius comes Fuxensis…et filius meus Rogerius” restored property to the abbey of Alet by charter dated 1108[838].  He succeeded his father in 1124 as Comte de Foix.   

-         see below

ii)         BERNARD de Foix (-[1120/27]).  “Rogerius comes Fuxi et filii mei Rogerius et Bernardus et Petrus” donated property to the abbey of Lezat by charter dated 1120[839].

iii)        PIERRE BERNARD de Foix .  “Rogerius comes Fuxi et filii mei Rogerius et Bernardus et Petrus” donated property to the abbey of Lezat by charter dated 1120[840].  “Rogerius comes Fuxensis et fratres mei Petrus-Bernardi et Raimundus Rogerii” renounced their claim to the county of Carcassonne in favour of “Bernardo-Athonis vicecomite et cum uxore eius Cæcilia vicecomitissa, filiisque eorum Rogerio et Raimundo Trencavelli atque Bernardo” by charter dated 1 Apr 1125[841].  1127.  

iv)       RAYMOND ROGER de Foix .  “Rogerius comes Fuxensis et fratres mei Petrus-Bernardi et Raimundus Rogerii” renounced their claim to the county of Carcassonne in favour of “Bernardo-Athonis vicecomite et cum uxore eius Cæcilia vicecomitissa, filiisque eorum Rogerio et Raimundo Trencavelli atque Bernardo” by charter dated 1 Apr 1125[842].  1127.  m ---.  The name of Raymond Roger´s wife is not known.  Raymond Roger & his wife had one child: 

(a)       RAYMOND de Foix .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

b)         PIERRE de Foix (-after 17 Aug 1084).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Petrus comes" donated "alodem meum…in comitatu Tolosano…monte…de Fonte-rubati [Monte-Domini]" to the abbey of Cluse, with the consent of "uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Rogerii et Raymundi", by charter dated 17 Aug 1084[843]m --- (-after 17 Aug 1084).  The name of Pierre´s wife is not known.  Pierre & his wife had two children: 

i)          ROGER de Foix .  "Petrus comes" donated property to the abbey of Cluse, with the consent of "uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Rogerii et Raymundi", by charter dated 17 Aug 1084[844]

ii)         RAYMOND de Foix .  "Petrus comes" donated property to the abbey of Cluse, with the consent of "uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Rogerii et Raymundi", by charter dated 17 Aug 1084[845]

4.         HERACLIUS de Foix .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1037/65.  Bishop of Bigorre 1056. 

5.         GERBERGE de Foix ([1015]-1 Dec 1049, bur Monastery of San Juan de la Peña)The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña records that Ramiro married "la filla del Comte de Bigorra nombrada Hermissenda et por baptismo Gelberda"[846]The marriage contract between "Ranimirus…prolis Sanctioni regis" and "Gilberga filiam comitis Bernardi-Rodegari et comitissæ matris eius…Garsinde" is dated 22 Aug 1036 and lists her dowry as "castellum…Atheres", judged spurious by the Histoire Générale de Languedoc[847].  She adopted the name ERMESENDA as Queen of Aragon[848].  This is confirmed by the charter dated Oct 1076 under which her daughter "Sancia comitissa Ranimiri regis filia et Armissende regina" donated property to the monastery of Santa Cruz de la Serós[849]m (contract Jaca 22 Aug 1036) as his first wife, RAMIRO I King of Aragon, illegitimate son of SANCHO III King of Navarre & his mistress Sancha de Aibar (Aibar [1008]-killed in battle Graus 8 May 1063, bur Monastery of San Juan de la Peña). 

6.         [ETIENNETTE (-after 1066).  "Garsea…rex, Sancionis regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Stefania regina" granted two monasteries to abbot Gómez of Yábar by charter dated 1040[850].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   According to Marca, "les mémoires du convent de Nagara" state that she was "fille du comte de Foix", but he does not provide a direct quote or source reference[851].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc refers to a marriage contract (again, no quote or source reference) dated 1036, but this is not reproduced by Marca[852].  This is all too vague to show Stephanie´s origin other than in square brackets in this document, until more precise information comes to light.  Salazar y Acha suggests that Stephanie was a widow when she married King García, and the mother of a daughter Constanza who married her [second] husband´s illegitimate son Sancho (see below)[853].  Firstly, he says that this would explain Stephanie´s presence in Barcelona when she married, which is confirmed by the charter dated 1038 from San Juan de la Peña which names her for the first time with King García and records that he fetched her in Barcelona[854].  Secondly, it would explain the charter dated 29 Nov 1074 under which her son Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “unas casas en la ciudad de Calahorra” to “germano meo domno Sancio et uxori vestra vel germana mea domna Constanza[855], the reference to his sister-in-law as “germana mea” being unusual if she was not also his own sister.  Thirdly, it accords with the narrative in the Crónica Najerense which recounts that “infans domnus Sancius, quem rex Garsias Pampilonensium ex concubina habuerat” abducted “filiam regine Stephanie”, who was betrothed to “Santius rex”, and took her to the court of the Moorish king of Zaragoza and later to Ramiro I King of Aragon, triggering the war between Castille and Aragon in the course of which the Aragonese king was killed in 1064[856].  Salazar y Acha speculates that Stephanie´s first husband was an otherwise unidentified son of Bernardo [I] Conde de Besalú (whose possible sister was named Constanza) but this is only one of the possibilities.  However, Salazar y Acha´s hypothesis, although appealing, appears unlikely to be correct because Queen Estefania does not include Constanza in her testament dated to [1066] which names all her other known children[857].  "Garsea…rex…cum mulier mea Stephania regina" confirmed the resettlement of Villanova de Pampaneto by charter dated 1 Jan 1044[858].  "Stephanie coniugis" is named in the charter of "Garsia rex, Sancii regis filius" dated 2 Dec 1052[859].  [m firstly ([1030/35]) --- (-1038 or before).]  m [secondly] (1038) don GARCIA V "él de Nájera" King of Navarre, son of SANCHO III "el Mayor" King of Navarre & his wife Munia Mayor de Castilla ([after 1020]-killed in battle Atapuerca 1 Sep 1054, bur Santa María de Nájera).]  [Etiennette & her first husband had one possible child]: 

a)         [CONSTANZA ([1033/37]-after 29 Nov 1074).  "Sancius rex" granted property to "senior Sancio Furtuniones" by charter dated 7 Dec 1057, confirmed by "…Infante domno Santio et uxor eius domna Contanza…"[860].  Salazar y Acha discusses her possible parentage, her possible betrothal and her marriage[861].  The Crónica Najerense records that “infans domnus Sancius, quem rex Garsias Pampilonensium ex concubina habuerat” abducted “filiam regine Stephanie”, who was betrothed to “Santius rex”, and took her to the court of the Moorish king of Zaragoza and later to Ramiro I King of Aragon, triggering the war between Castille and Aragon during the course of which the Aragonese king was killed in 1064[862].  Salazar y Acha hypothesises that this alleged daughter of Stephanie de Foix, wife of García V King of Navarre, was Constanza, born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage with a noble at the court of Barcelona[863].  He cites the charter dated 29 Nov 1074 under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “unas casas en la ciudad de Calahorra” to “germano meo domno Sancio et uxori vestra vel germana mea domna Constanza[864], suggesting that it would be unusual for King Sancho to refer to his brother´s wife as “germana” unless there was also a blood relationship between them.  However, Salazar y Acha´s hypothesis, although appealing, appears unlikely to be correct because Queen Estefania does not include Constanza in her testament dated to [1066] which names all her other known children[865].  [Betrothed to SANCHO de Castilla y León, son of FERNANDO I "el Magno" King of Castile and León & his wife Sancha de León ([1036]-murdered Zamora 7 Oct 1072, bur Monastery of Oña).  He succeeded in 1065 as SANCHO II King of Castile.]  m (before 7 Dec 1057) SANCHO García de Navarra Señor de Uncastillo y Sangüesa, illegitimate son of GARCÍA V King of Navarre & his mistress --- ([1030/35]-after 29 Nov 1074).] 

 

 

ROGER [III] de Foix, son of ROGER [II] Comte de Foix & his second wife Estefanía de Besalú (-[1147/48]).  “Rogerius comes Fuxensis…et filius meus Rogerius” restored property to the abbey of Alet by charter dated 1108[866].  “Rogerius comes Fuxi et filii mei Rogerius et Bernardus et Petrus” donated property to the abbey of Lezat by charter dated 1120[867]. He succeeded his father in 1124 as Comte de Foix.  “Rogerius comes Fuxensis et fratres mei Petrus-Bernardi et Raimundus Rogerii” renounced their claim to the county of Carcassonne in favour of “Bernardo-Athonis vicecomite et cum uxore eius Cæcilia vicecomitissa, filiisque eorum Rogerio et Raimundo Trencavelli atque Bernardo” by charter dated 1 Apr 1125[868].  “Rogerius Fuxi comes, filius Rogerii et Stephaniæ” issued a charter dated Dec 1129[869].  "Rogerius comes Fuxensis…[et] Essena conjux ipsius" founded the commanderie of Ville-Dieu by charter dated 27 Oct 1136[870]

[m firstly ---.  No direct evidence has been found which proves this supposed first marriage of Comte Roger [III].  However, the date of the marriage of his daughter Bradimene appears inconsistent with her having been the daughter of his wife Jimena de Barcelona.] 

m [secondly] (before [8 Jul] 1130) JIMENA de Barcelona, daughter of RAMON BERENGUER [III] Conde de Barcelona & his [third wife Dulce Ctss de Provence] ([1117/18]-after 1136).  The testament of "Raimundus Berengarii…Barchinonensis comes et marchio" dated [8 Jul] 1130 names "Raimundo Berengarii filio meo…et filie mee ipsa de Castella et illa de Fuxo"[871].  Her name is more recognisably reproduced in the charter dated Nov 1149 of her son "Roggerus-Bernardi comes Fuxensis, filius Roggerii et Xaminiæ"[872].  In most secondary sources, Jimena is shown as the daughter of her father´s first marriage and widow of Bernat [III] Conde de Besalú.  However, no primary source has yet been identified which confirms that this is correct and several reasons point to it being unlikely.  Firstly, if Jimena had been the widow of the last comte de Besalú, her second husband would presumably have had the right to claim the county in her name, and there appears to be no indication that he ever did this.  Secondly, the testament of her father names "filie mee…illa de Fuxo" after his daughter "ipsa de Castella".  This would normally indicate that the former was younger than the latter.  The only possible reason for reversing the order of his daughters would have been the supposed precedence of the queen of Castile over the comtesse de Foix.  However, no other example of this adjustment to the order of names in primary source documents has been found, except those justified by the supposed precedence of children holding ecclesiastical office over lay children.  Thirdly, Jimena would have named her daughter after her own mother.  Fourthly, the dates of marriage of Jimena´s two known children, in the 1150s, suggest that they were born in the 1130s, which is not inconsistent with Jimena having been born from her father´s third marriage.  This appears to be corroborated by the charter dated 26 Oct 1136 by which “Rogerius comes Fuxensis [et] Essena coniux ipsius” founded the commanderie of Ville-Dieu which refers to "infantes nostros"[873].  The date of the marriage of Comte Roger´s daughter Bradimène is inconsistent with this hypothesis, unless she was born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage, or was illegitimate, as is proposed below.  The only factor which appears to indicate the co-identity of the two daughters is that Jimena could have been named after her maternal grandmother, mother of her father´s first wife.  However, the name was not uncommon in Spain at the time, and it is quite possible that Jimena was named after another relative.  Until further primary source data emerges which contradicts this hypothesis, it has been decided to show Jimena has her father´s daughter by his third marriage in this document. 

Comte Roger [III] & his [first] wife had one child: 

1.         BRADIMENE de Foix .  “Rogerius comes Fuxensis” donated property to “filia meæ Braidimendæ et marito suo Guillelmo de Alona” by charter dated Mar 1131[874].  As noted above, the date of this marriage appears inconsistent with Bradimène having been the daughter of Roger [III]´s wife Jimena de Barcelona, especially noting the date of the marriage of his younger daughter.  Another possibility is that Bradimène was Comte Roger´s illegitimate daughter.  m (Mar 1131) GUILLAUME d'Aniort Seigneur de Niort {Niort-de-Sault, Aude} Vicomte de Sault.  

Comte Roger [III] & his [second] wife had two children: 

2.         ROGER BERNARD [I] "le Gros" de Foix (-Nov 1188).  "Roggerus-Bernardi comes Fuxensis, filius Roggerii et Xaminiæ" shared property with the abbey of Saint Antonin de Pamiers by charter dated 1149 which names "avum meum Roggerium" by charter dated Nov 1149[875].  He succeeded his father in [1147/48] as Comte de Foix.  “Pe de Sant Feliz et Ber de Sant Feliz, mos fraire, et filii mei Guillelmus Petri e P. Guillelm e Bertrans e Galards” swore allegiance to “Ro comte de Fois fil de Eissamena et…a Ro fil de Cecilia” by charter dated Aug 1176[876].  Governor of Provence 1185.  m ([1151]) CECILE de Béziers, daughter of RAYMOND "Trencavel" Vicomte de Béziers et d'Albi & his wife Adelaide --- (-after 4 Dec 1167).  Her marriage is indicated by the charter dated 1160 under which “Arnaldus de Cher filius de Berengaria” swore allegiance to “Rogerio-Bernardo comite de Foys, fil de Eissamena, et filio tuo Rogerio fil de Cecelia"[877].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 4 Dec 1167 under which “Raymundus comes Tolosæ" donated property to "Rogerio Bernardi Fuxensi comiti, viro Cæciliæ filiæ quondam Trencavelli, et eidem Cæciliæ" previously held by "Rogerius frater supra nominati Trencavelli in fine vitæ suæ"[878].  Comte Roger Bernard [I] & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         ROGER de Foix (before 1160-1182).  “Arnaldus de Cher filius de Berengaria” swore allegiance to “Rogerio-Bernardo comite de Foys, fil de Eissamena, et filio tuo Rogerio fil de Cecelia" by charter dated 1160[879].  “Pe de Sant Feliz et Ber de Sant Feliz, mos fraire, et filii mei Guillelmus Petri e P. Guillelm e Bertrans e Galards” swore allegiance to “Ro comte de Fois fil de Eissamena et…a Ro fil de Cecilia” by charter dated Aug 1176[880]

b)         RAYMOND ROGER de Foix (-Château de Mirepoix 27 Mar 1223).  "Rogerius Bernardi...comes Fuxi" names "bonæ memorie dominus Raymundus Rogerii pater noster...etiam comes Fuxi" in a charter dated 15 Mar 1199, witnessed by "...Esclarmunda soror comitis Fuxensis..."[881].  He succeeded his father in 1188 as Comte de Foix.  

-        see below.

c)         daughter .  The marriage contract between “Rogerius-Bernardi comes Fuxensis Essemenæ filius...filiam suam” and “Arnaldus-Bernardi de Marcafaba filius Gallardæ...Arnaldus-Bernardi...filium suum" is dated Dec 1162[882]m (contract Dec 1162) ARNAUD GUILLAUME de Marquefave, son of ARNAUD BERNARD de Marquefave {Haute-Garonne} & his wife ---. 

d)         ESCLARMONDE de Foix (-after 1215).  "Rogerius Bernardi...comes Fuxi" names "bonæ memorie dominus Raymundus Rogerii pater noster...etiam comes Fuxi" in a charter dated 15 Mar 1199, witnessed by "...Esclarmunda soror comitis Fuxensis..."[883].  "Jordanus de Insula" swore his testament on his deathbed Sep 1200 in which he named "uxori meae Esclarmondae"[884].  "Esclarmunda soror...comitis Fuxi Ra. Rogerii" donated property to "sanctæ Mariæ de Bolbona" by charter dated 1201[885].  She was known as "la Grande Esclarmonde", a famous Catharist "parfaite", as shown by the charter dated 21 Apr 1244 in which "Berengarius d'Avelanet" charged with inquiring into heresies swore that "apud Fanojovis {Fanjaux, Aude} ...Esclarmunda, soror Raimundi Rogerii comitis Fuxensis, avi istius comitis Fuxensis uxor Jordani de Insula" had welcomed heretics[886].  The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records that "la sœur de Bernard Roger comte de Foix se montrait ouvertement protectrice de l´Hérésie"[887]m JOURDAIN [III] Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain, son of JOURDAIN [II] Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain {Gers} & his wife Escaronne de Terrides {near Labourgade, Tarn-et-Garonne} (-[Sep 1200/1204]). 

e)         [daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m ROGER [I] Vicomte de Couserans, son of BERNARD [III] Comte de Comminges & his wife --- de Toulouse (-before 3 Apr 1211).] 

3.         DULCE (Dolça) de Foix (-15 Feb or 25 Dec 1209, bur monastery of Bellpuig de les Avellanes).  According to the Gesta Comitum Barcinonensium, "comes Urgelli Ermengaudus [VII]" married "neptem…domini Raimundi-Berengarii…Comitis Barchinonæ ac Principis Aragoniæ"[888].  "Ermengaudus…Urgellensium comes et marchio cum dompna comittissa…Dulcia coniuge mea" granted property to vassals by charter dated 26 Sep 1157[889].  "Ermengaudus…Urgellensis comes et eius coniux Dulcia comitissa illorumque filius Ermengaudus" donated property to the monastery of Poblet by charter dated 26 Jun 1170[890].  The martyrology of Solsona Santa Maria records the death "XV Kal Mar" of “Dulcia Urgellensis comitissa[891].  An epitaph in the church of the monastery of Santa Maria de Bellpuig records the burial there of "Dulcia Urgelli Comitissa, Raymundi Berengarii Comitis Barcinonensis et Aragonum Principis ex sorore et Rogerio Fuxensi Comite…neptis, Ermengaudi Comitis Urgelli…coniux"[892]m (1157 before 3 May) ARMENGOL [VII] "él de Valencia" Conde de Urgel, son of ARMENGOL [VI] "el Castellano" Conde de Urgel & his first wife doña Arsenda de Cabrera ([1120/30]-murdered Requena 11 Aug 1184, bur Monastery of Bellpuig de les Avellanes). 

 

 

RAYMOND ROGER de Foix, son of ROGER BERNARD [I] "el Gordo" Comte de Foix & his wife Cécile de Béziers (-Château de Mirepoix 27 Mar 1223)"Rogerius Bernardi...comes Fuxi" names "bonæ memorie dominus Raymundus Rogerii pater noster...etiam comes Fuxi" in a charter dated 15 Mar 1199, witnessed by "...Esclarmunda soror comitis Fuxensis..."[893].  He succeeded his father in 1188 as Comte de Foix.  Vicomte de Narbonne [1193/94]: Alfonso II King of Aragon granted the vicomté de Narbonne to "Raymundo-Rotgerii...nepoti meo" by charter dated Jun 1193[894], presumably confiscated from Pedro Manrique de Lara Vicomte de Narbonne.  The grant to Raymond Roger must, however, have been short-lived as a charter dated 8 Nov 1193 records an agreement between "comitem Petrum, vicecomitem Narbonæ" and "Guillelmum Monetarium"[895].  "Raymundus filius domini Raymundi...ducis Narbonæ, comitis Tolosæ, marchionis Provinciæ, et filius dominæ reginæ Johannæ" granted property "Montis-Albani et Altis-montis et Montis-acuti et Insulæ-amatæ" to "Raymundo Rogerii...comiti Fuxi et Rogerio Bernardi filio vestro, et filio dicti Rogerii Bernardi" by charter dated 24 Jun 1220[896].  The testament of Raymond Roger Comte de Foix is dated May 1222 and names his children Roger Bernard, Aimery and Cécile[897].  The Præclara Francorum facinora records the death in Jul 1222 of "Bernardus Rogerii comes Fuxii in obsidione Castri Mirapicis"[898].  The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records the death of "Bernard Roger Comte de Foix", in the same year as Raymond VI Comte de Toulouse (1222), "au siège de Mirepoix non d´une blessure mais d´un ulcère malin"[899].  The Chronicle of Toulouse Saint-Saturnin records the death in 1222 of "Raimundus Rogerii comes Fuxii"[900]

m ([1189]) [PHILIPPA, daughter of ---.  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Phelipa" as the wife of "Mossen Ramond Roger"[901].  This appears to be the only reference to the name of Comte Raymond Roger´s wife, but the source is too late to give much credibility to its account of the early comtes de Foix which is garbled.] 

Comte Raymond Roger & his wife had two children: 

1.         ROGER BERNARD [II] "le Grand" de Foix (-1241 after 20 May, bur abbey of Boulbonne {Mazères, Ariège}).  The testament of Raymond Roger Comte de Foix is dated May 1222 and names his children Roger Bernard, Aimery and Cécile[902].  "Raymundus filius domini Raymundi...ducis Narbonæ, comitis Tolosæ, marchionis Provinciæ, et filius dominæ reginæ Johannæ" granted property "Montis-Albani et Altis-montis et Montis-acuti et Insulæ-amatæ" to "Raymundo Rogerii...comiti Fuxi et Rogerio Bernardi filio vestro, et filio dicti Rogerii Bernardi" by charter dated 24 Jun 1220[903].  He succeeded his father in 1223 as Comte de Foix.  He succeeded as Vescomte de Castellbò {provincia de Lérida/Lleida, Catalonia}, de iure uxoris.  The testament, dated 20 May 1241, of "Rogerius Bernardi…comes Fuxensis" names "filium meum Rogerium de Fuxo vicecomitem  Castriboni…Cecilie filie mee…uxori mee Ermengardi…filia mea Esclarmunda" and specifies his request for burial "in monasterio beate Marie Bolbone".  The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records the death 4 May, in 1241 from the context, of "Roger Bernard comte de Foix"[904], although the date must be inaccurate if his testament is correctly dated as shown above.  m firstly (10 Jan 1203) ERMESINDA de Castellbò, daughter of ARNAL Vescomte de Castellbò [Castelbón] & his wife Arnalda de Caboet (-after 28 Dec 1229, bur Costoga).  A charter dated 11 Jun 1201 records an agreement between “Arnallum de Castrobon vicecomitem” and “Petrum d´Orchas" concerning "castro de Taus et de Chastel et de Sauched et de Sauchadel", signed by "domine Arnalle Capodecii, Ermesendis filie sue…"[905].  Her parentage is indicated by the testament dated 8 Sep 1226 under which "A[rnaldus] vicecomes de Castribono" bequeathed his vizcondad to "comiti de Fox et comitisse et filio eorum Rotgario"[906].  "Arnaldus de Castrobono" promised "Ermengaudo comiti Urgelli" never to marry "Ermesendem filiam meam, vel aliam filiam meam, de me in Arnalda uxore mea, procreatam" to "Rogerio Bernardi vel alio filio Raimundi Rogerii comitis de Foix" by charter dated 30 Sep 1203[907].   The date of the marriage is not known.  The testament of "Ermessindis...comitissa Fuxensis ac vicecomitissa Castro-bono" is dated 28 Dec 1229, on her deathbed, chooses her burial "in hospitio beatæ Mariæ de Costoga", names "pater meus Arnaldus de Castro-bono...virum meum comitem Fuxensem...Rogerio de Foix filio meo...[et] filiæ meæ"[908]m secondly (contract 23 Jan 1232) ERMENGARDE de Narbonne, daughter of AIMERY [III] Vicomte de Narbonne & his [second/third] wife [Adelaide ---/Marguerite de Marly].  The marriage contract of "Rogerio-Bernardo...comiti Fuxensi" and "Aymericus...vicecomes Narbonæ...Ermengardi...filiæ", on the advice of "Mathæi de Malliaco cognati nostri", is dated 23 Jan 1232 and names "Aymerico et Amalrico filiis nostris"[909].  The reference to "Mathæi de Malliaco" suggests that Ermengarde was the daughter of Aimery [III]´s [third] marriage, although if this is correct she would have been only ten years old or younger at the time of the marriage contract.  Comte Roger Bernard [II] & his first wife had two children: 

a)         ROGER [IV] de Foix (-24 Feb 1265)His parentage is indicated by the testament dated 8 Sep 1226 under which "A[rnaldus] vicecomes de Castribono" bequeathed his vizcondad to "comiti de Fox et comitisse et filio eorum Rotgario"[910].  Vizconde de Castellbó.  He succeeded his father in 1241 as ROGER IV Comte de Foix.   

-        see below

b)         ESCLARMONDE de Foix .  The testament of "Ermessindis...comitissa Fuxensis ac vicecomitissa Castro-bono" is dated 28 Dec 1229, on her deathbed, chooses her burial "in hospitio beatæ Mariæ de Costoga", names "pater meus Arnaldus de Castro-bono...virum meum comitem Fuxensem...Rogerio de Foix filio meo...[et] filiæ meæ"[911].  "Rogerius Bernardi...comes de Fox et Rogerius de Fox filius eius" and "Raymundus Fulconis...vicecomes Cardonæ et domina Terrogia...vicecomitissa Cardonensis et Raymundus de Cardona filius noster" agreed the marriage firstly of Roger de Foix and "Brunissendem filiam de vobis", and secondly of "Esclermondam filiam de vobis comite de Fox" and "Raymundus de Cardona", by charter dated 17 Feb 1231[912]m (contract 17 Feb 1231) as his first wife, RAMON Folch [V] de Cardona Vizconde de Cardona, son of don RAMON Folch [IV] de Cardona Vizconde de Cardona & his wife doña Inés Señora de Tarroja [-de Segarra].

Comte Roger Bernard [II] & his second wife had one child:

c)         CECILE de Foix (-1270)The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña names "hermana de roger conté de Foyx…Secilia" as the second wife of "Aluaro…conte de Urgel"[913].  The Gesta comitum Barcinonensium records that "Alvaro" married secondly "sororem Rogerii comitis Fuxensis...Cœcilia"[914]m (1256) as his second wife, ÁLVARO de Cabrera Conde de Urgel, son of don PONCE de Cabrera Conde de Urgel & his second [bigamous] wife doña María Girón (Mar 1239-Foix Mar 1267). 

2.         AIMERY (-after May 1222).  The testament of Raymond Roger Comte de Foix is dated May 1222 and names his children Roger Bernard, Aimery and Cécile[915]

3.         CECILE de Foix .  The testament of Raymond Roger Comte de Foix is dated May 1222 and names his children Roger Bernard, Aimery and Cécile[916].  The contract of marriage between "Bernardum Convenarum, filius D. Bernardi Convenarum comitis" and "Sezeliæ...sorori D. Rogeri Bernardi comitis Fuxi" is dated 6 May 1224, witnessed by "...Petrus de Insula..."[917]m (6 May 1224) BERNARD [V] de Comminges, son of BERNARD [IV] Comte de Comminges & his second wife Comtors de La Barthe (1196-Lanta 30 Nov 1241, bur Bonnefont).   He succeeded his father in 1225 as Comte de Comminges. 

Comte Raymond Roger had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

4.          LOUP de Foix (-1259 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Seigneur de Saverdun, co-seigneur de Mirepoix {Ariège}. 

-        see below, Part B. SEIGNEURS de SAVERDUN, SEIGNEURS de RABAT

5.          ESCLARMONDE de Foix .  The marriage contract of "Rogerius Bernardi comes Fuxi...sororem meam Esclarmundam" and "Bernardo de Alione" is dated 13 Jan 1236, and names "frater meus Arnaldus de So"[918].  Esclarmonde must have been considerably younger than her legitimate half-brothers and sisters.  A Cathar.  m (contract 13 Jan 1236) BERNARD/BERNAT d'Alion/de Alione/de Llo Baron d'Usson/du Son/de Sono {Aude} Seigneur de Donezan {Ariège} (-1258).  A Cathar, he was burned on a charge of heresy.  The families d'Alion, de Son (d'Usson) and d'Aniort (Niort) had merged about 1150, when Arnaud de Son married the only daughter of Bernard d'Alion, but retained both names: their sons were Bernard d'Alion and Renaud d'Usson. 

 

 

ROGER [IV] de Foix, son of ROGER BERNARD [II] "le Grand" Comte de Foix & his first wife Ermesinda de Castellbò (-24 Feb 1265).  His parentage is indicated by the testament dated 8 Sep 1226 under which "A[rnaldus] vicecomes de Castribono" bequeathed his vizcondad to "comiti de Fox et comitisse et filio eorum Rotgario"[919].  The testament of "Ermessindis...comitissa Fuxensis ac vicecomitissa Castro-bono" is dated 28 Dec 1229, on her deathbed, chooses her burial "in hospitio beatæ Mariæ de Costoga", names "pater meus Arnaldus de Castro-bono...virum meum comitem Fuxensem...Rogerio de Foix filio meo...[et] filiæ meæ"[920].  He succeeded his father in 1241 as Comte de Foix, Vescomte de Castellbò et de Cerdagne/Cerdanya.  “Rogerius…comes Fuxi et vicecomes Castriboni” confirmed the commitment of “dominum Rogerium Bernardi comitem Fuxensem quondam, bone memorie, patrem nostrum” to “domino R….comite Tholosano, marchione Provincie” relating to “castrum Savarduni” by charter dated 28 Jun 1241[921]

m (contract 17 Feb 1231) doña BRUNISENDA de Cardona, daughter of don RAMÓN Folch [VIII] de Cardona 15th Vizconde de Cardona & his wife doña Inés Señora de Torroja {now Tarroja de Segarra} (-1289 or 22 Mar 1293).  "Rogerius Bernardi...comes de Fox et Rogerius de Fox filius eius" and "Raymundus Fulconis...vicecomes Cardonæ et domina Terrogia...vicecomitissa Cardonensis et Raymundus de Cardona filius noster" agreed the marriage firstly of Roger de Foix and "Brunissendem filiam de vobis", and secondly of "Esclermondam filiam de vobis comite de Fox" and "Raymundus de Cardona", by charter dated 17 Feb 1231[922].  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Brunissen de Cardonna" as the wife of "Mossen Roger…fil de Mossen Roger Bernard lo Gran"[923].  A document dated 21 Apr 1250 concerns the payment of her dowry[924]"Brunissendis...comitissa Fuxi" granted property "in terra nostra Carcassesii" to "Rogerio Bernardi filio nostro" by charter dated 18 Apr 1265[925]The martyrology of Solsona Santa Maria records the death "XI Kal Apr" 1293 of “dña Brunissen...comitissa Fuxi et vicecomitissa Castriboni soror nostra[926]

Comte Roger [IV] & his wife had five children: 

1.         ROGER BERNARD [III] de Foix (-3 Mar 1303).  Vescomte de Castellbò.  Senyor d'Andorra.  A document dated 25 Jul 1260 records that Roger Bernard received the vizcondad de Castellbò and all the Foix possessions "beyond the Pyrenees" (including Andorra)[927].  He succeeded his father in 1265 as Comte de Foix, Vicomte de Cerdagne.  He succeeded as Vicomte de Béarn in 1290, de iure uxorism (contract Layrac {Tarn-et-Garonne} 14 Oct 1252) MARGUERITE de Béarn, daughter of GASTON [VII] de Montcada Vicomte de Béarn & his wife Mathe de Mastas Ctss de Bigorre ([1245/50]-after 1310).  She succeeded her father in 1290 as Vicomtesse de Béarn, de Marsan et de Gabardan, and her sister in 1310 as Comtesse de Bigorre (en partie).  “Garsindis comitissa mater Gastonis...vicecomitis Bearni” agreed the marriage contract between “dictum dominum Gastonem...Marguaritam filiam” and “Rogerium...comitem Fuxensem et vicecomitem Castri-boni...Rogerium Bernardi filium”, dated 14 Oct 1252[928].  A charter dated 1302 records that Philippe IV King of France summoned "comitem Fuxi, Margaritam comitissam Fuxo eius matrem, comitissam Armaignensem relictam domini Geraldi de Armaniaco, Constanciam vicecomitissam de Marciano, et Guillermam de Bearno dominam de Moncada" as proxy for "consortis nostre regine, Guillelmo Tesson militi et Lore vicecomitisse Turenne" for a hearing relating to the county of Bigorre[929]Comte Roger Bernard [III] & his wife had five children: 

a)         CONSTANCE (-after 8 Sep 1332)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Constansa…molher de Mossen Johan de Levis seignor de Mirapeys" as the second of the three daughters of "Roger Bernard comte de Foix…[et] de Madona Margarida de Bearn"[930].  A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis records the presence of "domino marescallo de Mirapice cum conjuge sua domina Constancia filia quondam comitis Fuxi, cum fratribus suis, consanguineis germanis ipsius domini Johannis de Monte Forti" at the reburial of the body of the latter at Castres in 1305[931]m (10 Feb 1297) JEAN [I] de Lévis, son of GUY [III] de Lévis Maréchal de Mirepoix & his wife Isabelle de Marly [Montmorency] (-21 Feb 1319).  He succeeded his father as Maréchal de Mirepoix, Seigneur de Mirepoix et de Lévis. 

b)         MATHE The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m (contract 31 Oct 1294) as his first wife, BERNARD [IV] Comte d'Astarac, son of CENTULE [III] Comte d´Astarac & his wife Assalide d´Albret (-after 1326). 

c)         MARGUERITE (-1304)The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m (30 Nov 1291) BERNARD JOURDAIN [III] de l'Isle-Jourdain, son of JOURDAIN [V] Seigneur de l´Isle-Jourdain & his wife Guillelme de Durfort (-1340).  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de l´Isle-Jourdain. 

d)         BRUNISSENDE (-before 21 Nov 1324)"Helias Talyrandi…comes Petragorensis vicecomes Leomaniæ et Altivillaris" confirmed receipt of the dowry relating to his marriage with "dominæ Brunissendis uxoris suæ, filiæ…domini Rogeri Bernardi…comitis Fuxi" dated 1297[932].  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Brunisen…molher de Mossen Elias de Peyragort" as the first of the three daughters of "Roger Bernard comte de Foix…[et] de Madona Margarida de Bearn"[933].  “Archambaldus comes Petragoricensis major 14 annis et minor 25 annis et...domina Brunissendis de Fuxo mater sua” appointed the latter as guardian of the former by charter dated Dec 1316[934].  Her death is dated from a letter of condolence sent 21 Nov 1324 by Pope John XXII to her son Archambaud [IV] on the death of his mother[935]m (1298) as his second wife, HELIE [VII] Comte de Périgord, son of ARCHAMBAUD [III] Comte de Périgord & his first wife --- ([1258/62]-1316). 

e)         GASTON [I] de Foix (1287-killed in battle Pontoise 13 Dec 1315, bur Paris, église des Jacobins).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Gaston" as the son of "Roger Bernard comte de Foix"[936].  He succeeded his father in 1302 Comte de Foix, under the regency of his mother. 

-        see below

Comte Roger Bernard [III] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

f)          ARNAUD (-after 24 Mar 1350).  Bishop of Pamiers 1299. 

2.         SIBYLLE de Foix (-before 1289).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Chronicle of Ramon Muntaner which records that "Don Amalric de Narbonne…et le seigneur infant Jacques d´Arragon" had married "deux sœurs, filles du comte de Foix", adding that the bride was aged 14[937].  A charter dated 24 Mar 1271 records the agreement between "dominum Aymericum et dominum Amalricum fratres, filios quondam domini Amalrici...vicecomitis et domini Narbone" concerning their father´s inheritance, later confirmed by "Sibylia uxor dicti domini Aymerici et domina Alcayeta uxor dicti domini Amalrici"[938]m (before 24 Mar 1271) AIMERY [IV] Vicomte de Narbonne, son of AMALRIC [I] Vicomte de Narbonne & his wife Philippa d'Anduze (-1298). 

3.         ESCLARMONDE [Esclarmunda] de Foix (-after 22 Nov 1299)The Chronicle of Ramon Muntaner records the marriage of "l´ infant Jacques" and "la fille du comte de Foix", adding that the bride was aged 14[939].  "Gaufridus Vicecomes de Rocabertino" signed a contract dated 1 Sep 1275, in the presence of "domini Rogerii Bernardi…Comitis Fuxensis et Vicecomitis Castriboni et dominæ Brunissendis…Comitissæ Fuxensis matris eiusdem domini Comitis, necnon et dominæ Esclarmundæ sororis dicti domini Comitis et filiæ dictæ dominæ Comitissæ", as proxy for "domini Infantis Jacobi filii…domini Regis Arag." for the latter's marriage with Esclarmonde, the document naming her father "Rogerii quondam Comitis Fuxensis"[940].  A charter dated 15 Oct 1275 notes the marriage between "domina Sclarmunda filia quondam domini Rogerii…Comitis Fuxensis et Vicecomitis Castri-boni" and "dominum infantem Jacobum…Regis Aragonum filium, heredem Majoricarum, Montispessulani, Rossilionis, Ceritaniæ et Confluentis", also naming "fratis nostri domini Rogerii Bernardi…Comitis Fuxensis et Vicecomitis Castri-boni et dominiæ Brunissendis matris nostræ Comitissæ Fuxensis et Vicecomitissæ Castri-boni"[941]m (contract 1 Sep 1275, 15 Oct 1275) Infante don JAIME de Aragón, son of don JAIME I "el Conquistador" King of Aragon & his second wife Iolanda of Hungary (Barcelona [or Montpellier?] 1243-Palma de Mallorca 29 May 1311).  He succeeded his father in 1276 as JAIME II King of Mallorca

4.         AGNES (-after 1256).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m ESCHIVAT [I] de Chabanais Comte de Bigorre, son of JOURDAIN [VIII] de Chabanais {Charente} Seigneur de Confolens {Charente} & his wife Alice de Montfort [-l'Amaury] Comtesse de Bigorre (-1283). 

5.         PHILIPPA (-after 1304, perhaps 1310)m (7 Jun 1262) ARNAUD [I] de Comminges dit d'Espagne Vicomte de Couserans, son of ROGER [III] de Comminges Vicomte de Couserans & his wife Grise d'Espagne Dame d'Espagne et de Montespan {Haute-Garonne} (-1303/1316, perhaps 1310).  His testament is dated 1303. 

 

 

GASTON [I] de Foix, son of ROGER BERNARD [III] Comte de Foix & his wife Marguerite de Béarn (1287-abbaye de Maubuisson, Pontoise 13 Dec 1315, bur Paris, église des Jacobins).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Gaston" as the son of "Roger Bernard comte de Foix"[942].  His birth date is deduced from the fact that he was under the age of puberty in 1299, and that in 1301 he could be legally emancipated, meaning that he had reached the age of 14.  He succeeded his father in 1302 as Comte de Foix, under the regency of his mother.  A charter dated 1302 records that Philippe IV King of France summoned "comitem Fuxi, Margaritam comitissam Fuxo eius matrem, comitissam Armaignensem relictam domini Geraldi de Armaniaco, Constanciam vicecomitissam de Marciano, et Guillermam de Bearno dominam de Moncada" as proxy for "consortis nostre regine, Guillelmo Tesson militi et Lore vicecomitisse Turenne" for a hearing relating to the county of Bigorre[943].  He was mortally wounded at the battle of Pontoise.  The Flores historiarum of Bernard Guidonis records the death "in festo sanctæ Luciæ in Sabbato...apud Pontisaram" in 1315 of "Gasto comes Fuxi et dominus de Bearnio in juvenili ætate" and his burial "Parisius in ecclesia fratrum Prædicatorum"[944]

m (contract Senlis Oct 1301) JEANNE d'Artois, daughter of PHILIPPE d'Artois Seigneur de Conques & his wife Blanche de Bretagne (1289-after 24 Mar 1350).  The Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis records that the second daughter of "Philippus filius Roberti comitis Attrebatensis" married "Gasto filius Remundi Bernardi comitis Fuxinensis"[945].  Letters of Philippe IV "le Bel" King of France dated 7 April 1299 at Saint-Germain-en-Laye recall the private agreements between "Rogerius Bernardi comes Fuxi et vicecomes Bearnii" and "Philippus primogenitus…consanguinei nostri Roberti comitis Attrebatensis tempore quo vivebat" relating to the marriage between "Gasconem Fuxi primogeniti dicti comitis" and "Johannam filiam dicti Philippi"[946].   The final marriage contract is contained in letters of King Philippe IV dated Oct 1301 at Senlis which, taking into account the recent emancipation of Gaston de Foix, confirm (at the latter's request) the marriage between "Gastonem filium et fidelem nostrum Rogerium comitis Fuxensis" and "consanguineam nostram Johannam natam pie memorie Philippi primogeniti…consanguinei et fidelis nostri comitis Attrebatensis"[947].  Her son Roger Bernard [III] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his mother "egregiae dominae Johannae de Atrabato matri nostrae carissimae"[948].  Her influence on her husband caused permanent conflict with the local nobility and administration, who in 1317 issued a request to the Parliament[949] in order to discharge her from the guardianship of her children, accusing her of prodigality and dissoluteness.  A charter dated 1317 prevented “dominæ Johannæ de Atrabato matri dictorum liberorum” from having the guardianship of “Gasto primogenitus masculus D. Gastonis quondam comitis Fuxi, et alii liberii ipsius domini comitis…tres filii et tres filiæ[950].  Despite a compromise signed in 1325 in Beaugency, conflicts with her son became more frequent and in 1331 Gaston II was authorized by King Philippe VI to imprison her at the château de Foix.  She was later moved in turn to Orthez and Lourdes.  She was released in 1347 at the request of her son Robert de Foix, bishop of Lavaur and moved to Carbonne.  Michelet[951] suggested a link between her imprisonment in 1331 and the fact that, at the same time, her brother Robert d'Artois was being sued for forgery and accused of witchcraft practices aimed at removing the king. 

Comte Gaston [I] & his wife had six children: 

1.         GASTON [II] "le Preux" de Foix (1308-Algeciras or Seville 26 Sep 1343)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Gaston…Mossen Roger Bernard…vescomte de Castelbo et seignor de Moncada…[et] Mossen Robert…avesque de Lavaur" as the three sons of "Mossen Gaston…[et] de Madona Johanna de Artoys"[952].  He succeeded his father in 1315 as Comte de Foix

-        see below

2.         ROGER BERNARD [III] ([1310]-Orthez {Pyrenées-Atlantiques} 1350 after 24 Mar).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Gaston…Mossen Roger Bernard…vescomte de Castelbo et seignor de Moncada…[et] Mossen Robert…avesque de Lavaur" as the three sons of "Mossen Gaston…[et] de Madona Johanna de Artoys"[953]Vescomte de Castellbò.  His brother Comte Gaston [II] donated "vicecomitatum Castriboni et terram Urgellesi, et baronnias de Montecathano et de Castro Veteri et etiam villas et loca de Terrua, de Comabaternie, de Valle Ferreria, nec non et loca seu illud quae habebat in villa de Podio Ceritano et in comitatu Ceritanie et Coffletis cum omnibus iuribus, dominationibus ac pertinenciis locorum et villarum predictarum et etiam in alia terra Cataloniae … exceptis et sibi retentis ante omnia dum taxat castro de Sono et terra Donazani ac valle de Andorra cum iuribus et pertinentiis suis" to Roger Bernard [III] by document dated 5 Jul 1329[954].  In his testament dated 24 Mar 1350, "nos Rogerius Bernardi de Fuxo, vicecomes CastriBoni et dominus baroniarum de MonteCathano, de CastroVeteri et de MaloVicino" names his mother "egregiae dominae Johannae de Atrabato matri nostrae carissimae", his wife  "nobili Constanciae uxori nostrae", their two daughters "Margaritae filiae nostrae legitimae ... Blanchae filiae nostrae legitimae", their son "Rodgerium Bernardi filium nostrum legitimum" whom he appointed as sole legatee, the latter's wife "filia de Noualiis uxore sua", and his nephew "nepos noster Gasto comes Fuxi filius fratris nostri comitis Fuxi quondam"[955].  He also named several illegitimate children, and a list of some more to come.  m CONSTANZA de Luna Señora de Segorbe/Sogorb {Alto Palancia, Castellón}, Paterna {Horte Oest, Valencia}, La Puebla [de Vallbona], El Alton Mijares {Castellón}, daughter of ARTAL de Luna & his wife Constanza Pérez de Aragón Señora de Segorbe ([1310]-before 17 Jan 1353).  Her husband Roger Bernard [III] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his wife  "nobili Constanciae uxori nostrae"[956].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  She was regent of the vizcondad de Castellbò from 1350 to her death.  The widowed Constanza granted the property which she had received under her marriage contract to her son by document dated 22 Sep 1351[957].  He refused the grant, but Hugo vezconde de Cardona issued a referee's decision in favour of Constanza by document dated 8 Nov 1351[958].  Her death date is ascertained from letters dated 17 Jan 1353 under which Pedro IV King of Aragon noted that "nobilem quondam Constanciam de Luna vicecomitissam CastriBoni, matrem et tutricem legitimam nobilis et dilecti nostri Rogerii Bernardi de Fuxio vicecomitis Castriboni" had died[959].  Roger Bernard [III] & his wife had three children: 

a)         ROGER BERNARD [IV] ([1333/38]-1381).  His father Roger Bernard [III] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his wife and their son "Rodgerium Bernardi filium nostrum legitimum" whom he appointed as sole legatee[960].  His birth date range is estimated from letters dated 17 Jan 1353 under which Pedro IV King of Aragon noted that he was "minor…viginti annis et maior quattuordecim" and appointed another guardian[961].  He succeeded his father as Vescomte de Castellbò, under the regency of his mother.  The fact of this regency is proved by letters of remission dated 15 Mar 1353 under which Pedro IV King of Aragon granted to "vos nobilis et dilectus domesticus noster Rogerius Bernardi de Fuxo vicecomes Castriboni" for assaulting "Constancia de Luna quondam vicecomitissa Castriboni mater et tutrix vestra" with a gang of noble youths and taking off her hands the administration of the vizcondad de Castellbò ("privastis dictam nobilem matrem et tutricem vestram ab administratione dicti vicecomitatus … et iniugendo de facto potius quam de iure officialibus et aliis hominibus dicti vicecomitatus ne dictae vicecomitissae obedirent, seu ei de aliquo responderent") through violence and intimidation ("iniuriis mortis illicitas et alias violentias contra eandem nobilem attemptatas … coacta terroribus atque minis et tamquam capta, detenta et per dictos familiares vestros inducta habuit facere donationem vos de omnibus bonis suis")[962]Seigneur de Navailles {in Navailles-Angos, Pyrénées-Atlantiques}, de iure uxorisThe testament dated 2 Nov 1361 at Barcelona of "Rogerius Bernardi de Fuxio Dei gratia vicecomes CastriBoni dominusque de Navalles, MontisCateni et CastriVeteris" names "nobilis et praepotens vir dominus Rogerius Bernardi genitor noster felicis memoriae" and "Isabelli filiæ nostræ" appointing her his heir if he had no male descendants[963]m (before 24 Mar 1350) GERAUDE Dame de Navailles et de Sault, daughter of GARCIE ARNAUD [IV] de Navailles Baron de Navailles et de Sault & his wife Béarnaise de Miramont (-1384, bur abbaye de Pontaut {Mant, Landes}).  Her marriage contract dated to [1346/50] between "…dominus R B de Fuxo miles vicecomes Castri Boni ex una parte et nobilis domina Bearnesia de Miramonte domina de Navalhiis et de Saltu ex altera" records the proposed marriage between "Rotgerium Bernardi de Fuxo filium primogenitum dicti nobilis et Geraldam filiam comunem legitimam primogenitam ac naturalem et heredem universalem nobilis domini domini Garsie Arnaldi de Navalhiis militis quondam domini de Navalhiis et de Saltu et dicte domine Bearnesie domine de Navalhiis et de Saltu"[964].  Her father-in-law Roger Bernard [III] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his son and the latter's wife "filia de Noualiis uxore sua"[965].  Roger Bernard [IV] & his wife had three children: 

i)          ISABELLE de Foix (before 2 Nov 1361-1428, bur Abbaye de Boulbonne (Cistercian), Mazères {Ariège}).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Isabel molher de Mossen Archimbaud captal de Grailli, de Buc et de Puch Pauli" as sister of "Mossen Mathieu"[966].  The testament dated 2 Nov 1361 at Barcelona of "Rogerius Bernardi de Fuxio Dei gratia vicecomes CastriBoni dominusque de Navalles, MontisCateni et CastriVeteris" names "Isabelli filiæ nostræ" appointing her as his heir if he had no male descendants[967].  She succeeded her brother in 1398 as Ctss de Foix et de Bigorre, Vicomtesse de Béarn, Vescomtesa de Castellbò, Vicomtesse de Marsan, de Gavardan et de Lautrec, dame de Navailles et de Sault.  Martín King of Aragon donated to Isabelle, comtesse de Foix, the vizcondad de Castellbò and other possessions of her late brother Mathieu Comte de Foix, with a few exceptions, by letters dated 20 Jul 1400[968].  The principalilty of Béarn was defined as sobiraa (sovereign) under the treaty of Tarbes, Hautes-Pyrénées 10 May 1399 between the English and French chancelleries.  In 1400, Isabelle recovered the major part of the family's Spanish properties confiscated from her brother Matthieu.  m (1381) ARCHAMBAUD de Grailly, Captal de Buch, Comte de Benauges, Lavaux et Longueville, son of PIERRE [II] de Grailly, Captal de Buch & his second wife Erembourg de Périgord (-1413). 

-         see below

ii)         ROGER BERNARD de Foix (after 2 Nov 1361-died young).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

iii)        MATHIEU de Foix (1363 or after-Aug 1398).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Mathieu" as son of "Mossen Roger Bernard de Foix, cosi germa del comte Febus…[et] fil de Girauda de Navalhas"[969].  Vescomte de Castellbò.  Vicomte de Béarn.  He succeeded his cousin in 1391 as Comte de Foix, in accordance with the testamentary dispositions of Gaston [I] Comte de Foix in the absence of surviving legitimate descendants of Comte Gaston [II].  On the death of his father-in-law, he organised an invasion of Aragon to enforce his wife's claim to the throne but was repelled & his wife Pere Conde de Urgel.  In addition, his possessions in Spain (Castellbò, Castelviel de Rosanes, Martorell, and the remains of the Montcada lands) were confiscated by an assembly in Barcelona summoned by King Martin.  His sister Isabelle recovered in 1400 the major part of these (ref. below), and his nephew Jean recovered the rest on the occasion of his m with Joana d'Urgell in 1413 (Tucoo-Chala 1980, p. 88 and p. 90). The dowager Queen Violant de Bar, widow of King Joan I, had herself written to Jean de Foix on 20 Jan 1411 to promise him to have Castellví de Rosanes and Martorell returned to him if her children came to the throne (Arch. nat. Fr., J 880, no. 27).  m (Barcelona 4 Jun 1392) Infanta doña JUANA de Aragón, daughter of don JUAN I King of Aragon & his first wife Marie d’Armagnac (Daroca Oct 1375-Valencia Sep 1407).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records that "Mossen Mathieu" married "Madona Johana infanta de Arago, filha del rey En Johan"[970]

b)         MARGUERITE de Foix .  Her father Roger Bernard [III] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his wife and their two daughters "Margaritae filiae nostrae legitimae ... Blanchae filiae nostrae legitimae"[971].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m (Apr 1350) BERNARDO [III] Vizconde de Cabrera Conde de Modica, son of BERNARDO [II] Señor de Cabrera, 20th Vizconde de Gerona, 10th Vizconde de Ager & his wife doña Timbor de Fenollet (-killed in battle Tordehumos Oct 1368)

c)         BLANCHE de Foix .  Her father Roger Bernard [III] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his wife and their two daughters "Margaritae filiae nostrae legitimae ... Blanchae filiae nostrae legitimae"[972].  The primary source which confirms her two marriages has not yet been identified.  m firstly LUIS Cornelm secondly HUGO ROGER Conde de Pailhars (-1418). 

Comte Roger Bernard [III] had three illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

d)         ARNAUD GUILLAUME .  In his testament dated 24 Mar 1350, Roger Bernard [III] names "Arnaldo Guillermi filio nostro spurio et omnibus aliis filiis et filabus nostris spuriis"[973]

e)         BERDOLETUS .  In his testament dated 24 Mar 1350, Roger Bernard [III] names "matri Berdoleti filii nostri spurii de Bage"[974]

f)          TRISTAN .  The testament of Roger Bernard [IV] dated 2 Nov 1361 refers to "Bearnesiæ sorori nostræ…Triesteny fratri nostro"[975]

Comte Roger Bernard [III] had --- illegitimate children by PEYRONETA de Perquia, daughter of ---: 

g)         [BEARNESE] .  In his testament dated 24 Mar 1350, Roger Bernard [III] names "Peyronetæ de Perquia matri filiæ nostræ spuriæ"[976].  The testament of Roger Bernard [IV] dated 2 Nov 1361 refers to "Bearnesiæ sorori nostræ…Triesteny fratri nostro"[977]

h)         daughter .  In his testament dated 24 Mar 1350, Roger Bernard [III] names "Peyronetæ de Perquia matri filiæ nostræ spuriæ"[978].  It is not known how many illegitimate daughters were born to Peyroneta de Perquia. 

3.         ROBERT de Foix .  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Gaston…Mossen Roger Bernard…vescomte de Castelbo et seignor de Moncada…[et] Mossen Robert…avesque de Lavaur" as the three sons of "Mossen Gaston…[et] de Madona Johanna de Artoys"[979].  Bishop of Lavaur. 

4.         MARGUERITE de Foix .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

5.         BLANCHE de Foix .  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Blanca…molher de Mossen Johan de Grailly captal de Buc et Puch Pauli" as the daughter of "Mossen Gaston…[et] de Madona Johanna de Artoys"[980]m (1328) JEAN [II] de Grailly Vicomte de Benauge et de Castillon [-la-Bataille], son of PIERRE [II] de Grailly & his first wife Assalide de Bordeaux (-1343). 

6.         JEANNE de Foix (-[1357/58]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m (Castellón de Ampurias May 1331) Infante don PEDRO de Aragón Conde de Ribagorza y Ampurias, son of don JAIME II King of Aragon & his second wife Blanche of Sicily [Anjou-Capet] (1305-Pisa 4 Nov 1381).  Conde de Prades, Señor de Denia y Gandía 1341-1381.  Seneschal of Catalonia. 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

GASTON [II] "le Preux" de Foix, son of GASTON [I] Comte de Foix & his wife Jeanne d'Artois (1308-Algeciras or Seville 26 Sep 1343).  The Flores historiarum of Bernard Guidonis records that "primogenitus" of "Gasto comes Fuxi et dominus de Bearnio in juvenili ætate" was aged seven when his father died[981].  He succeeded his father in 1315 as Comte de Foix, Vicomte de Béarn, de Marsan, de Gabardan, de Nébouzan et de Lautrec.  He donated "vicecomitatum Castriboni et terram Urgellesi, et baronnias de Montecathano et de Castro Veteri et etiam villas et loca de Terrua, de Comabaternie, de Valle Ferreria, nec non et loca seu illud quae habebat in villa de Podio Ceritano et in comitatu Ceritanie et Coffletis cum omnibus iuribus, dominationibus ac pertinenciis locorum et villarum predictarum et etiam in alia terra Cataloniae … exceptis et sibi retentis ante omnia dum taxat castro de Sono et terra Donazani ac valle de Andorra cum iuribus et pertinentiis suis" to his brother Roger Bernard [III] by document dated 5 Jul 1329[982].  The testament of Gaston [II] Comte de Foix dated 17 Apr 1343 includes bequests to "Item legamus amore Dei Bearnesie filie Marie de Sans de Roncide Vallibus pro suo maritagio mille libras morlanorum. Item Arnaldo Guillelmi fratri dicte Bearnesie centum libras turonensium parvorum reddituales eidem Arnaldo Guillelmi per nostrum heredem universalem..."[983].  His uncle Roger Bernard [III] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his nephew "nepos noster Gasto comes Fuxi filius fratris nostri comitis Fuxi quondam"[984].  

m (1327) ELEONORE de Comminges, daughter of BERNARD [VII] Comte de Comminges & his wife Laure de Montfort (-after 16 May 1365).  Her name and origin are confirmed by the charter dated 8 Feb 1347 which records that Philippe VI King of France abandoned rights over the lands to be ceded to "Agnes, fille…de Phelippe jadis roy et de…Jehnne de France royne de Navarre" when she married "Gaston comte de Foix…[filz de] Alliénor de Cominges contesse de Foix"[985].  The primary source which confirms her father´s name has not yet been identified.  She was regent for her son after his accession.  The nobles of the county of Foix paid homage to “Alienors de Convenis comitissa ac vicecomitissa”, widow of “Gasto comes Fuxi ac vicecomes Bearnii ac Marciani”, by act dated 28 Dec 1345 which includes a lengthy list of named nobles[986]

Mistress (1): MARIE de Sans de Roncesvalles, daughter of ---.  The testament of Gaston II comte de Foix dated 17 Apr 1343 names "Marie de Sans de Roncide Vallibus" as mother of his daughter Béarnaise[987]

Mistress (2): ---.    

Comte Gaston [II] & his wife had one child: 

1.         GASTON [III] "Fébus" de Foix (30 Apr 1331-near château d'Orthez, l'Hôpital d'Orion 1 Aug 1391, bur Orthez, église des Jacobins).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Gaston appelat Febus" as the son of "Mossen Gaston et de Madona Alianor de Comenge"[988].  He succeeded his father in 1343 as Comte de Foix et de Bigorre, Vicomte de Béarn, de Marsan, de Bruilhois, de Gabardan, de Nébouzan, de Lautrec, des Terres-Basses d'Albigeois, co-seigneur d'Andorre, under the regency of his mother.  The nobles of the county of Foix paid homage to “Alienors de Convenis comitissa ac vicecomitissa”, widow of “Gasto comes Fuxi ac vicecomes Bearnii ac Marciani”, in the name of “D. comitis filii sui pupilli”, by act dated 28 Dec 1345[989].  He proclaimed the sovereignty of Béarn 25 Sep 1347.  His ambition was to establish a large Pyrenean state.  He assured control of Bigorre and Comminges by defeating the Comte d'Armagnac at Launac in 1362.  A treaty of peace between “monsenhor Johan…comte d´Armagnac, de Fezensac, et Johan d´Armagnac son fils…comte de Comenge” and “mossen Gaston…comte de Foix, et Gaston son filh” is dated 20 Mar 1378 and 1379, names “Margaride comtesse de Comenge” wife of the former, and provides for the marriage between “Beatrix filhe d´eudit mossenhor d´Armagnac…et lo dessusdit Gaston filh d´eudit mossenhor de Foix[990].  He was the author of a "Livre des oraisons" and a "Livre de chasse", and admired for his courtesy and efficiency and by Froissart.  m (contract 5 Jul 1348, Paris, église du Temple 4 Aug 1349, repudiated Dec 1362) Infanta doña INÉS de Navarra, daughter of FELIPE III King of Navarre Comte d'Evreux & his wife doña Juana II Queen of Navarre (after 1337-Estella castle Jan 1397 or [4 Feb 1396/1400]).  A charter dated 8 Feb 1347 records that Philippe VI King of France abandoned rights over the lands to be ceded to "Agnes, fille…de Phelippe jadis roy et de…Jehnne de France royne de Navarre" when she married "Gaston comte de Foix…[filz de] Alliénor de Cominges contesse de Foix"[991].  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records that "Mossen Gaston appelat Febus" married "Madona Agnes de Navarra"[992].  After being repudiated & his wife her husband, on the excuse that her dowry had not been paid in full, she returned to Navarre and lived in the castles of Pamplona, Olite and Estella.  Comte Gaston [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         GASTON de Béarn ([1365]-[1381]).  A treaty of peace between “monsenhor Johan…comte d´Armagnac, de Fezensac, et Johan d´Armagnac son fils…comte de Comenge” and “mossen Gaston…comte de Foix, et Gaston son filh” is dated 20 Mar 1378 and 1379, names “Margaride comtesse de Comenge” wife of the former, and provides for the marriage between “Beatrix filhe d´eudit mossenhor d´Armagnac…et lo dessusdit Gaston filh d´eudit mossenhor de Foix[993].  Froissart records that he was killed accidentally by his father while in jail[994]m (Betrothed 20 Mar 1378, 1379) as her first husband, BEATRIX d'Armagnac, daughter of JEAN II Comte d'Armagnac & his wife Marguerite Ctss de Comminges.  A treaty of peace between “monsenhor Johan…comte d´Armagnac, de Fezensac, et Johan d´Armagnac son fils…comte de Comenge” and “mossen Gaston…comte de Foix, et Gaston son filh” is dated 20 Mar 1378 and 1379, names “Margaride comtesse de Comenge” wife of the former, and provides for the marriage between “Beatrix filhe d´eudit mossenhor d´Armagnac…et lo dessusdit Gaston filh d´eudit mossenhor de Foix[995].  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records the marriage in 1378 of "Madona Beatrix appelada la Gaya Armanhaguesa, filha del comte de Armanhac" and "Gaston, fil del comte Febus"[996].  She married secondly (27 Jan 1382, by proxy 9 May 1382) Carlo Visconti Signore di Parma.  A charter dated 9 May 1382 notifies the marriage by proxy between "dominum comitem Armeniaci…Beatrix genita" and "Magdalenam natam…Bernabos Vicecomes"[997]

Comte Gaston [III] had four illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:  

b)         GARCIA [Gracià/Gratien] de Béarn (-1399).  Froissart names "…deux beaux jeunes chevaliers bâtards…que il aime autant que soi-même: messier Yvain et messier Gratien"[998]Vicomte de la Vallée d'Ossau.  m ANNE de Lavedan, daughter of ---. 

c)          JEAN [Yvain] de Béarn (-burned to death Paris 30 Jan 1392).  Froissart names "…deux beaux jeunes chevaliers bâtards…que il aime autant que soi-même: messier Yvain et messier Gratien"[999]The necrology of Vauvert records the death "III Kal Feb" of "dominus Yvanus de Bearne miles quondam filius naturalis…principis domini Gastoni comitis Fuxi"[1000] He was burnt to death in the "Bal des Ardents" in Paris. 

d)         PERARNAUD [Pere Arnaud] de Béarn

e)         BERNARD [Bernal] de Foix .  He supported Enrique de Trastámara in his revolt against Pedro I "el Cruel" King of Castile, and was created Conde de Medinaceli.  "Bernalt de Foix bastardo de Berane conde de Medinaceli" donated property to "su mujer doña Isabel de la Cerda" by charter dated 15 Oct 1370[1001].  m (Seville 15 Sep 1370) as her second [maybe third] husband, doña ISABEL de la Cerda, widow of don RODRIGO Pérez Ponce Señor de Puebla de Asturias, Cangas y Tineo, daughter of don LUIS de la Cerda Prince of the Canary Islands & his first wife doña Leonor de Guzmán (Seville [1329]-after 1383).  "Bernalt de Foix bastardo de Berane conde de Medinaceli" donated property to "su mujer doña Isabel de la Cerda" by charter dated 15 Oct 1370[1002]. 

-        MEDINACELI.

Comte Gaston [II] had two illegitimate children by Mistress (1): 

2.          ARNAUD GUILLAUME de Béarn (-killed in battle 1391).  The testament of Gaston [II] Comte de Foix dated 17 Apr 1343 includes bequests to "Item legamus amore Dei Bearnesie filie Marie de Sans de Roncide Vallibus pro suo maritagio mille libras morlanorum. Item Arnaldo Guillelmi fratri dicte Bearnesie centum libras turonensium parvorum reddituales eidem Arnaldo Guillelmi per nostrum heredem universalem..."[1003]m JEANNE de Morlanes, daughter of ---. 

3.          BEARNESE [Marqueze] bâtarde de Béarn (before 1343-before 1412, bur église de la Trinité, Orthez {Pyrénées-Atlantiques}, transferred église des Augustins, Geaune {Landes}).  The testament of Gaston [II] Comte de Foix dated 17 Apr 1343 includes bequests to "Item legamus amore Dei Bearnesie filie Marie de Sans de Roncide Vallibus pro suo maritagio mille libras morlanorum. Item Arnaldo Guillelmi fratri dicte Bearnesie centum libras turonensium parvorum reddituales eidem Arnaldo Guillelmi per nostrum heredem universalem..."[1004].   The contract of marriage dated 1355 records the proposed marriage between "Raimond Bernard de Castelnau, et noble damoyselle Marqueze de Foix et de Bearn, soeur de Gaston comte de Foix et d'Arnaud Guilhem de Béarn, seigneur de Morlane"[1005]m (1355) RAYMOND BERNARD [II] de Castelnau[-Tursan]. 

Comte Gaston [II] had two illegitimate children by Mistress (2): 

4.         PIERRE bâtard de Foix dit de Béarn m (separated[1006]) doña FLORENCIA de Aragón, illegitimate daughter of Infante don JUAN de Aragón Señor de Elche & his mistress --- ([1358]-). 

a)         PIERRE .  Pierre and Adrienne are named by Froissart[1007]

b)         ADRIENNE .  Pierre and Adrienne are named by Froissart[1008]

5.          MARGUERITE de Foixm JEAN de Châteauverdun Seigneur de Caumont {Château-Verdun, Ariège}. 

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de SAVERDUN, later SEIGNEURS de RABAT

 

 

The structure of this family is based on Doublet[1009].  The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of members of the family have not yet been consulted, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

LOUP [I] de Foix Seigneur de Saverdun {Ariège}, illegitimate son of [RAYMOND ROGER Comte de Foix/ROGER BERNARD [II] Comte de Foix] & his mistress --- (-1259 or after).  Lope was the illegitimate son of Raymond Roger according to the Histoire de Languedoc[1010].  Another possibility is that he was the illegitimate son of Comte Roger Bernard [II], but this appears less likely from a chronological point of view.  Doublet rules out other possibilities[1011].  He is named as co-Seigneur de Mirepoix {Ariège}: in 1222, Raimond-Roger Comte de Foix took Mirepoix and returned the castle to some of its former lords. Among these were Loup de Foix and Raimond-Sanche de Rabat[1012].  Seigneur de Saverdun, Ax, Ascou, Durfort {all in Ariège}.  "Lupo de Fuxo et Rogerio Isarno filio suo" swore homage to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse by charter dated 18 Mar 1249[1013].  He was appointed deputy Sénéchal of Carcassonne by Louis IX King of France. 

m (before 1234) HONOREE (Honorata/Honors) de Beaumont {maybe Beaumont-sur-Lèze, Haute-Garonne}, daughter of ---. 

Loup [I] & his wife had three children: 

1.         LOUP [II] ([1230]-after 1252). 

2.         ROGER ISARN (-after 1316).  "Lupo de Fuxo et Rogerio Isarno filio suo" swore homage to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse by charter dated 18 Mar 1249[1014].  Chevalier, co-Seigneur de Saverdun, de Durban.  1259.  In 1316, he was among the delegates appointed by the "nobles et consuls du pays de Foix" and sent to Paris to recover the testament of Gaston [I] Comte de Foix, withheld by Gaston's widow Jeanne d'Artois.  m ESCLARMONDE, daughter of ---.  Roger Izarn & his wife had three children: 

a)         LOPE [IV] (-1351 or after).  Co-Seigneur de Saverdun et de Fornex, Seigneur de Crampagna {Ariège}. Seigneur de Durban (1331). Cited 1303-1351.  The nobles of the county of Foix paid homage to “Alienors de Convenis comitissa ac vicecomitissa”, widow of “Gasto comes Fuxi ac vicecomes Bearnii ac Marciani”, by act dated 28 Dec 1345 which includes a lengthy list of named nobles headed by “D Lupo de Fuxo millite…[1015]m ---.  The name of Lope's wife is not known.  Lope [IV] & his wife had one child: 

i)          ISARN [Lope Isarn] (-1391 or after).  Cited 1371-1391.  Seigneur de Crampagna.  m ESCLARMONDE de Montaut, daughter of ---. 

b)         PONS .  Abbé de Lézat [sur-Lèze] {Ariège} 1326. 

c)         ROGER [I] (-1338 or after).  Co-Seigneur de Saverdun et de Fornex with his brother Lope [IV]. 

-        see below

3.         LOUP [III]  .  Abbé de Saint-Savin, Vienne. 

 

 

ROGER [I] de Foix-Saverdun, son of ROGER IZARN de Foix Seigneur de Saverdun & his wife Esclarmonde (-1338 or after).   Co-Seigneur de Saverdun et de Fornex with his brother Lope [IV].  Seigneur de Rabat, de iure uxoris, cited 1331 and 1338. 

m [1320]  --- de Rabat, daughter and heiress of --- de Rabat & his wife ---. 

Roger [I] & his wife had one child: 

1.         CORBAIRAN [I] (-after 1 Oct 1402, bur église Sainte Marie (now N-D de l'Assomption), Rabat-les-Trois-Seigneurs, Ariège).  Seigneur de Rabat, de Fornex, de Saverdun, de La Bastide-de-Besplas, d'Antuzan {all Ariège}.  Sénéchal du Comté de Foix 1385.  Cited 1357-1402.  Testament 1 Oct 1402 "Nobilis et potens vir dominus Corbairandus de Fuxo, miles, dominus de Ravato et de Fornelis"[1016]m [1370] ERMENGARDE (Mengarde) de Villar Dame de Beauteville {Haute-Garonne}, daughter of ---.  Corbairan [I] & his wife had six children: 

a)         JEAN [I] ([1375]-after 1454).  Seigneur de Rabat, de Fornex, de Saverdun, de La Bastide-de-Besplas, d'Antuzan {all Ariège}.  Sénéchal du Comté de Foix.  A manuscript chronicle records that "D. Joannes de Foix D. de Rabat" swore allegiance for "terra sua de Montesquivo" to the French king in 1454[1017]

-        SEIGNEURS de RABAT

b)         SEGUINEm BERNARD RAYMOND alias RAYMOND ARNAUD "de Fontaneix domini de Vallosiech". 

c)         JEANNEm OLIVIER de Roquefort Seigneur d'Arignac, Ariège "de Rupe Forti domini de Arnhaco". 

d)         MARGUERITEm FRANÇOIS Ysalguier Seigneur de Castelnaud-d'Estrétefont, Haute-Garonne ("dominus de Castro Novo de Strictis Fontibus"). 

e)         CONDOR (-1407 or after).  Testament 1407.  m firstly PONS de Villemur Seigneur de Saint-Paul [de-Jarrat], Ariège}.  m secondly ARNAUD de Coarraze Seigneur d'Aspet et de Bérat, Haute-Garonne. 

f)          BRUNISSENDEm BERNARD Seigneur d'Arnave {Ariège}. 

 

 

 

C.      COMTES de FOIX (GRAILLY)

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

ARCHAMBAUD de Grailly, son of PIERRE [II] de Grailly, Vicomte de Castillon[-la-Bataille], Captal de Buch, chevalier de la Jarretière & his second wife Erembourg de Périgord (-1413)Vicomte de Castillon and Baron de Gurçon, castle in Carsac-de-Gurçon {Dordogne}, subsequently, by succeeding his nephew Jean [III] de Grailly, Captal de Buch, Vicomte de Benauges {ruined castle in Arbis, Gironde}, Rolle and Lavaux {Vaud, Switzerland} et Longueville {-sur-Scie, Seine-Maritime}.  Comte de Foix, de iure uxoris.  A manuscript chronicle records that "D. Archambaldus de Graillaco, comes Fuxi et vice-comes Neboziani" swore allegiance for "suo vice-comitatu", with the consent of "Isabellæ uxoris suæ", to the French king in 1389[1018].  His joint testament with his wife is dated 1402[1019]: "Nos Archambaudus de Greilino Dei gracia comes Fuxi vicecomes Bearnii Marsani Gavardani capitalis de Bugio vicecomes Benaugiarum et Castellionis dominusque de Navalhiis et Ysabellis de Fuxo eadem gracia comitissa vicecomitissa capitalissa dominaque comitatus vicecomitatum et terrarum predictorum coniuges". 

m (1381) ISABELLE de Foix, daughter of ROGER BERNARD [II] de Foix Vescomte de Castellbò & his wife Géraude [Geralda/Guiraude] Dame de Navailles et de Sault (before 2 Nov 1361-1428, bur Abbaye de Boulbonne (Cistercian), Mazères {Ariège}).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Isabel molher de Mossen Archimbaud captal de Grailli, de Buc et de Puch Pauli" as sister of "Mossen Mathieu"[1020].  She succeeded her brother in 1398 as Ctss de Foix et de Bigorre, Vicomtesse de Béarn, Vescomtesa de Castellbò, Vicomtesse de Marsan, de Gavardan et de Lautrec, dame de Navailles et de Sault.  Martín King of Aragon donated to Isabelle, comtesse de Foix, the vizcondad de Castellbò and other possessions of her late brother Mathieu Comte de Foix, with a few exceptions, by letters dated 20 Jul 1400[1021].  The principalilty of Béarn was defined as sobiraa (sovereign) under the treaty of Tarbes, Hautes-Pyrénées 10 May 1399 between the English and French chancelleries.  In 1400, Isabelle recovered the major part of the family's Spanish properties confiscated from her brother Matthieu.  She made a second testament 2 Jan 1427[1022] with mostly private provisions. 

Archambaud & his wife had five children: 

1.         JEAN de Foix (1382-Mazères, Ariège 4 May 1436).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Johan…Mossen Gaston…captal de Buc, Mossen Archimbaud…seignor de Navalhas, Mossen Mathieu…comte de Comenge, Fray Pey de l´ordre desl Frays Menors…cardinal" as the five sons of "Mossen Archimbaud de Grailli, captal de Buc et de Puch Pauli" and his wife[1023].  The dowager Queen Violant of Aragon, widow of King Juan I, wrote to Jean de Foix on 20 Jan 1411 promising the return of Castellví de Rosanes and Martorell (part of the properties confiscated from his maternal uncle Matthieu Comte de Foix) if her children succeeded to the throne[1024].  His parents confirmed the title Vescomte de Castellbò, which they had conferred on Jean earlier, in their joint testament dated 1402 "... facimus ordinamus et instituimus carissimum et predilectum Johannem filium nostrum primogenitum legitimum et naturalem iam ex alia nostra disposicione vicecomitem Castriboni extra pupillarem etatem existantem ... prout in precedentibus fecimus.  A formal donation was made on 22 Mar 1406 with letters to the bailiff of Vich and Jean took possession 24 Apr 1406[1025].  He succeeded his mother through an agreement of 22 Feb 1412 as Comte de Foix, Vicomte souverain de Béarn, Vescomte de Castellbò, Villemur et Lautrec Vicomte de Marsan, Gabardan, Nébouzan, Vicomte souverain de Béarn, although the Etats de Béarn strongly objected to this familial arrangement and steadily refused to hear Jean de Foix's oath until Isabelle's death in 1428..  He became Comte de Bigorre in 1415 by agreement with Bernard VII Comte d'Armagnac, a title finally recognised by the King of France by letters patent of 18 Nov 1425, which definitively stabilized Jean de Foix's hitherto changing allegiances.  The King of France installed him as Governor of Dauphiné in 1416.  In 1425 he was appointed Governor of Languedoc (lieutenant du roi en Languedoc) and received from the King the vicomté de Lautrec[1026]. He also bought the vicomté de Villemur.  Jean recovered the remaining part of the family's Spanish properties on his third marriage[1027]. He made a testament and a codicil dated 9 Oct 1429[1028], mostly with private provisions.  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records the death "à Mazeras" in May 1436 of "Mossen Johan"[1029]m firstly (Olite 12 Nov 1402) Infanta doña JUANA de Navarra, daughter of don CARLOS III "el Noble" King of Navarre & his wife Infanta doña Leonor de Castilla (1382-Béarn Jul 1413).  She was recognised as heir to the throne of Navarre at Olite 3 Dec 1402.  m secondly (betrothed [12 Jun 1411], 23 May 1422) JEANNE d'Albret, daughter of CHARLES [I] d'Albret Sire d'Albret [Constable of France] & his wife Marie Dame de Sully et de Craon (1403-1433).  A contract dated 12 Jun 1411 records a payment made by "Archambaut comte de Foix" to "sire d´Albret Charles" for the marriage of "madame de Grelly fille dudict d´Albret"[1030].  This document is presumably misdated, assuming that the date of death of Jean´s first wife is correctly stated above.  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records the second marriage 23 May 1422 of "Mossen Johan" and "Madona Johana de Labrit"[1031]m thirdly (May 1436) as her first husband, doña JUANA de Urgel, daughter of don JAIME de Urgel [Aragón] Conde de Urgel & his wife Infanta doña Isabel de Aragón (Sijena 1415-1446 or after).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records the third marriage in May 1436 of "Mossen Johan" and "Madona Johana de Arago filha del comte de Urgel"[1032].  She married secondly don Juan Ramón Folch [III] de Cardona 5th Conde de Cardona, Duque de Cardona 1482.  Comte Jean & his second wife had two children:

a)         GASTON [IV] de Foix (26 Feb 1423-Roncevalles 25 Jul 1472)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records the birth 26 Feb 1422  (O.S.) of "Mossen Gaston fil de Mossen Johan et de Madona Johana de Labrit"[1033].  He succeeded his father in 1436 as Comte de Foix et de Bigorre, Vicomte de Béarn.  

-        see below

b)         PIERRE de Foix (-1454).  Vicomte de Lautrec.  m (contract 23 Jul 1449) CATHERINE d'Astarac, daughter of JEAN [III] Comte d'Astarac & his first wife Jeanne de Barbazon.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

i)          JEAN de Foix (-after 1498).  Vicomte de Lautrec.  m (25 Mar 1480) JEANNE d'Aydie, daughter of ODET d'Aydie Comte de Comminges.  Descendants. 

Count Jean had four illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

c)          ISABELLE de Béarn (-1486).  The marriage contract of Isabelle bâtarde de Béarn and Bernard Seigneur de Cauna is dated 11 May 1443: "Coneguda causa sia a totz que le jorn et an susdichs xi en may l'an cccxiij en presencie deusdichs testimonis (*) lodyt mossenher Gaston comte etc et Bernat senher de Caunar dixon que cum temps a passat fossen estatz feytz entre lodyt senher et augus autres per nom deudyt senher de Caunar sus lo matrimoni fasedor entre Ysabel de Bearn sor bastarde deudyt senher comte et lodyt senher de Caunar deusquaouas artigles s'eset la tenor"[1034]m (11 May 1443) BERNARD Baron de Cauna et Poyaler (-[1474/87]).  Descendants. 

d)         BERNARD de Béarn .  Seigneur de Gerderest.  m PRAXEDE de Caramany

e)         JEAN de Béarn .  Baron de Miossens, Sénéchal de Béarn. 

f)          PIERRE .  Abbé de Sainte-Croix, Bordeaux. 

2.         GASTON [IV] de Foix (-after 1455).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Johan…Mossen Gaston…captal de Buc, Mossen Archimbaud…seignor de Navalhas, Mossen Mathieu…comte de Comenge, Fray Pey de l´ordre desl Frays Menors…cardinal" as the five sons of "Mossen Archimbaud de Grailli, captal de Buc et de Puch Pauli" and his wife[1035]Captal de Buch, Vicomte de Benauge, Comte de Longueville, Sire de Grilly.  m ([1410] MARGUERITE d'Albret, daughter of ARNAUD AMANIEU [VIII] d'Albret Vicomte de Tartas & his wife Marguerite de Bourbon.  The marriage contract of "Gaston comte de Foix" and "madame Marguerite d´Albret" is dated 19 May 1410[1036].  The receipt for the dowry paid by "Gaston de Foix captal de Buchz, viscomtes de Benauges" to "messire Charles d´Albret, conestable de France" for his marriage to "Marguerite d´Albret…sœur du dict d´Albret" is dated 24 Dec 1414[1037].  Gaston [IV] & his wife had three children: 

a)         JEAN de Foix (-1485).  Comte de Benauges.  He was created Earl of Kendal for services to England but relinquished the title.  m ([1440]) MARGARET Kerdeston, daughter of THOMAS Kerdeston & his wife Elizabeth de la Pole of the Earls of Suffolk (after 1425-).  According to Hansen, Margaret, wife of Jean de Foix, was the daughter of Elizabeth de la Pole, widow of Sir Edward Burnell (who died at Honfleur in 1415), by her second husband Thomas Kerderston whom she married in [1425][1038]

-        COMTES de CANDALE

b)         ISABELLE de Foix (-1459). m (20 Sep 1425) JACQUES [I] Seigneur de Pons Vicomte de Turenne, son of RENAUD [VI] Seigneur de Pons & his second wife Marguerite de la Trémoïlle (1413-[1472/73]). 

c)         AGNES de Foix m PEY Poton de Lamensan

3.         ARCHAMBAUD de Foix (-killed in battle 10 Sep 1419).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Johan…Mossen Gaston…captal de Buc, Mossen Archimbaud…seignor de Navalhas, Mossen Mathieu…comte de Comenge, Fray Pey de l´ordre desl Frays Menors…cardinal" as the five sons of "Mossen Archimbaud de Grailli, captal de Buc et de Puch Pauli" and his wife[1039]Sire de Navailles.  m SANCHA de Cabrera, daughter of BERNARDO [IV] Vizconde de Cabrera & his first wife doña Timbor de Prades [Aragón] (-1474).  Archambaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         ISABELLE de Foix .  Dame de Navaillesm JEAN Vicomte de Caraman [Carmain]. 

4.         MATHIEU de Foix (-Dec 1453).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Johan…Mossen Gaston…captal de Buc, Mossen Archimbaud…seignor de Navalhas, Mossen Mathieu…comte de Comenge, Fray Pey de l´ordre desl Frays Menors…cardinal" as the five sons of "Mossen Archimbaud de Grailli, captal de Buc et de Puch Pauli" and his wife[1040].  Comte de Comminges.  m firstly (16 Jul 1419) MARGUERITE Ctss de Comminges, daughter of --- (-1443).  m secondly ([1446]) CATHERINE de Coarraze, daughter of RAIMOND ARNAUD de Coarraze Baron d'Aspet (1431-after 1453).  Mathieu & his second wife had two children[1041]:

a)         JEANNE de Foix m ([1460]) JEAN Vicomte de Caraman [Carmain] Baron de Saint-Félix {Haute-Garonne}.  

b)         MARGUERITE de Foix m ([1471]) ANTOINE de Bonneval

Mathieu had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:

c)          JEAN de Foix .   Bishop of Dax and Comminges

d)         JEANNE CATHERINE de Foix (-after 1470).  m JEAN de Château-Verdun

5.         PIERRE de Foix (1386-Avignon 13 Dec 1464).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Johan…Mossen Gaston…captal de Buc, Mossen Archimbaud…seignor de Navalhas, Mossen Mathieu…comte de Comenge, Fray Pey de l´ordre desl Frays Menors…cardinal" as the five sons of "Mossen Archimbaud de Grailli, captal de Buc et de Puch Pauli" and his wife[1042].  Cardinal.  Archbishop of Arles. 

 

The precise parentage of the following person is not known. 

6.         ISABELLE de Foix (-1504).  A document records the marriage of Pedro de Peralta and "Doña Isabel…prima de la reina Doña Catalina" which gives no precise details of her parentage[1043]m (1462) as his second wife, don PEDRO de Peralta Conde de Santisteban y Lerín, son of don PEDRO Martínez de Peralta Señor de Peralta y Andosilla [Capet-Navarra] & his wife doña Juana de Ezpeleta ([1491/92]).     

 

 

GASTON [IV] de Foix, son of JEAN [III] [de Grailly] Comte de Foix et de Bigorre Vicomte de Béarn & his wife Jeanne d'Albret (26 Feb 1423-Roncevalles 25 Jul 1472)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records the birth 26 Feb 1422  (O.S.) of "Mossen Gaston fil de Mossen Johan et de Madona Johana de Labrit"[1044].  He succeeded his father in 1436 as Comte de Foix et de Bigorre, Vicomte de Béarn.  

m (30 Jul 1436) Infanta doña LEONOR de Aragón y Navarra, daughter of don JUAN II King of Navarre, Infante de Aragón [later JUAN II King of Aragon] & his wife doña Blanca Queen of Navarre (2 Feb 1425-Tudela 12 Feb 1479).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records that "Mossen Gaston fil de Mossen Johan et de Madona Johana de Labrit" married "Madona Leonor infanta de Navarra"[1045].  Her father named her Lieutenant General of the Kingdom of Navarre 1464.  She succeeded her father in 1479 as LEONOR I Queen of Navarre

Comte Gaston [IV] & his wife had ten children: 

1.         GASTON de Foix Infante de Navarra (1444-Libourne, Gironde 23 Nov 1470, bur Bordeaux, Cathédrale Saint-André)Principe de Viana. 

-        KINGS of NAVARRE

2.         PIERRE de Foix Infante de Navarra (Pau 7 Feb 1449-Rome 10 Aug 1490).  Bishop of Vannes.  Archbishop of Arles 1476.  Cardinal.  

3.         JEAN de Foix Infante de Navarra (after 1450-Etampes 5 Nov 1500)Comte d'Etampes, Vicomte de Narbonne.  He claimed the throne of Navarre 1483-1497.  m (1476) MARIE d'Orléans, daughter of CHARLES Duc d'Orléans & his third wife Maria von Kleve (Château de Blois, Loir-et-Cher 19 Dec 1457-Mazères, Ariège 1493, bur Mazères).  Jean & his wife had two children: 

a)         GASTON de Foix (Mazères 10 Dec 1489-killed in battle Ravenna 11 Apr 1512).  He succeeded his father 1500 as Comte d'Etampes, Vicomte de Narbonne.  He succeeded as Comte de Foix.  Created Duc de Nemours, pair de France 19 Nov 1507, registered 14 Jan 1508.  

b)         GERMAINE de Foix (after 1490-Liria 15 Oct 1538)m firstly (Blois 19 Oct 1505) as his second wife, don FERNANDO II "el Católico" King of Aragon, son of don JUAN II King of Aragon and Navarre & his second wife doña Juana Enríquez Señora de Casarrubios del Monte y Arroyojolinos (Soa 10 Mar 1452-Madrigalejo 25 Jan 1516).  m secondly (17 Jun 1519) Johann Markgraf von Brandenburg-Ansbach, son of FRIEDRICH V "der Ältere" Markgraf von Brandenburg in Ansbach & his wife Zofia of Poland (Plassenburg 9 Jan 1493-Valencia 5 Jul 1525, bur Kloster Jerusalem near Valencia).  Viceroy of Valencia 1515, 1521.  m thirdly (Seville Aug 1526) as his first wife, FERNANDO de Aragón Duca di Calabria Principe di Tarento, son of FEDERIGO IV King of Naples & his first wife Anne de Savoie (Andria 15 Dec 1488-Valencia 26 Oct 1550).  Viceroy of Valencia, in right of his first wife, 1526-1540, where he established a lively court which promoted theatre and music. 

4.         MARIE de Foix (after 1452-1467).  A continuation of the Chronica Jacobi de Aquis names "Maria sorella del Cardinale de Foes" as the first wife of "Guglielmo" second son of "Zoanne Jacobo figlolo di Teodoro"[1046]m (19 Jan 1465) as his first wife, GUGLIELMO X Marchese di Monferrato, son of GIANGIACOMO Marchese di Monferrato & his wife Jeanne de Savoie (19 Jul 1420-28 Feb 1483). 

5.         JEANNE de Foix (after 1454-Pau after 10 Feb 1476)m (Lectoure 19 Aug 1469) JEAN [V] Comte d'Armagnac, son of JEAN [IV] Comte d'Armagnac & his second wife Infanta doña Isabel de Navarra (1420-murdered Lectoure 5 Mar 1473, bur Lectoure Saint-Gervais). 

6.         MARGUERITE de Foix (after 1458-Nantes 15 May 1486, bur Nantes église des Carmélites)m (Clisson 27 Jun 1471) as his second wife, FRANÇOIS II Duke of Brittany, son of RICHARD de Bretagne Comte d'Etampes & his wife Marguerite d'Orléans Ctss de Vertus (23 Jun 1433-Coiron 9 Sep 1488, bur Nantes église des Carmélites). 

7.         CATHERINE de Foix (after 1460-before 1494)m (1469) GASTON [II] de Foix Comte de Candale et de Benauges, son of JEAN de Foix Comte de Benauges Earl of Kendal & his wife Margaret de la Pole of Suffolk (-1500 after 25 Mar).  

8.         ISABEL de Foix (after 1462-). 

9.         LEONOR de Foix (after 1466-young). 

10.      JACQUES de Foix Infante de Navarra ([1469]-in France 1500).  Comte de Montfort.  [m firstly (Tafala 28 Mar 1485[, divorced 1494]) doña ANA de Peralta, daughter of don PEDRO de Peralta 1st Conde de Santisteban y Lerín & his second wife Isabelle de Grailly [Foix].  According to Yanguas, Ana was betrothed to Jacques de Foix but died before the marriage[1047].]  m secondly ([1495]) doña CATALINA de Beaumont, daughter of don LUIS de Beaumont [Navarra] 2nd Conde de Lerín & his wife doña Leonor de Aragón.  Jacques & his second wife had one child: 

a)         JEAN de Foix .  Abbé de Saint-Volusien-de-Foix. 

Jacques had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

b)         FREDERIC de Foix (-1537).  Señor d'Almenèches.  m FRANÇOISE de Silly Dame du Fay, daughter of FRANÇOIS de Silly Seigneur de Longraye & his wife Aimée de La Fayette.  Frédéric & his wife had one child: 

i)          JEANNE .  Dame d'Almenèches.  m ARMAND de Gontaut Seigneur de Saint-Geniez (-after 28 Sep 1591). 

c)          JACQUES de Foix (-7 Apr 1535).  Bishop of Oloron 1523.  Bishop of Lescar 1534. 

 

 

 

D.      SEIGNEURS de GRAILLY

 

 

The familly de Grailly originated in the castle of Grilly {Ain}, located in the Pays de Gex, near Lake Geneva.  As a family name, Grailly was one of the many spellings at the time, along with Greyli, Greli, Greely etc, but became the most popular.  Jean de Grailly had an outstanding career in Aquitaine where he founded the line.  Archambaud de Grailly, Jean's great-grandson, founded in turn the second line of the Comtes de Foix by marrying the heiress of the county.  His descendants, as was customary, dropped the name and arms of Grailly to take those of Foix.  Although they did not strictly speaking belong to Toulouse nobility, the Grailly of Aquitaine will be described here, as they are the immediate ancestors of the second dynasty of Comtes de Foix.  Concerning their own ancestors in the Pays de Gex, there is little knowledge beyond a sketchy list of names with a few dates, due to the absence of surviving original documents[1048].  However, it is known that they were Seigneurs de Grillly, Arbère, Sauverny {Ain, France}, Rolle, Ville-le-Grand, Arnex, Founex, Marnex, {Vaud, Switzerland}, with rights in various places such as Gingins, Coinsins {Vaud}.  They were vassals of the Comtes de Genève for their possessions in the Pays de Gex, and of the Sires de Prangins in Vaud[1049].  The principal residence of the Grailly was Benauge[1050]

 

Gurçon was a castle at Carsac-de-Gurçon {Dordogne}. 

 

 

1.         NANTELME [I] de Grailly (-after 1126).  "Aymo dominus de Foucigniaco" donated property to the monastery of Sixt by charter dated 1126, witnessed by "…Nantelmus de Graillié milites"[1051]

 

2.         PIERRE de Grailly (-after [1213/15]).  "Petrus de Grailie et filii eius Aymono et Johannes de Quinsim" granted rights to the Chartreuse d'Oujon by charter dated to [1213/15][1052]m ---.  The name of Pierre's wife is not known.  Pierre & his wife had two children: 

a)         AIMON de Grailly .  "Petrus de Grailie et filii eius Aymono et Johannes de Quinsim" granted rights to the Chartreuse d'Oujon by charter dated to [1213/15][1053]

b)         JEAN de Grailly "de Coinsons" .  "Petrus de Grailie et filii eius Aymono et Johannes de Quinsim" granted rights to the Chartreuse d'Oujon by charter dated to [1213/15][1054]

 

3.         NANTELME de Graillym ---.  The name of Nantelme's wife is not known.  Nantelme & his wife had one child: 

a)         JEAN de Grailly (-after 1245).  "Johannes domicellus de Grelie, domini Nantelmi militis de Grelie quondam filius" confirmed a donation to the Chartreuse d'Oujon, for the souls of "patris mei et matris mee et specialiter…domine Beatricis, filie quondam domini Lodouici de Monz", by "dicta domina Beatrix" by charter dated 1245[1055]

 

4.         JEAN [I] de Grailly (- Grenade-sur-Garonne 1303, bur Uzeste {Gironde}).  Seigneur de Grilly {Ain}, Ville-la-Grand {Haute-Savoie}, Rolle and Lavaux [olim Vallis de Lustriaco] {Vaud, Switzerland}.  After visiting England about 1250, he settled in Aquitaine, where he became Vicomte de Castillon[-la Bataille] {Gironde} and Co-seigneur de Langon {Gironde} after Prince Edward of England (later King Edward I) had confiscated these places on the Bouville.  Edward later gave him Benauge {now a ruined castle in Arbis, Gironde}, Illats {Gironde} and the salin de Bordeaux.  Sénéchal de Gascogne 1266-1268 and again 1273-1286.  Ambassador of Kings Henry III and Edward I to many European sovereigns.  Sénéchal of Jérusalem and captain of the army of the French king in Syria 1272-1273.  The Chronicle of Ramon Muntaner records that Edward I King of England sent "Jean d´Agrilli" to Barcelona to negotiate the marriage of his daughter to Alfonso III King of Aragon, dated to 1286[1056].  Recteur du Comtat-Venaissin 1295-1298 (Papal states).  The principal residence of the Grailly in Aquitaine was Benauge, rebuilt in 1267[1057].  He testified on 6 Jun 1303[1058].  [m firstly ---.  If the 1299 reference to the marriage to Jean´s daughter Catherine is correct (see below), she must have been considerably younger than her supposed brother Pierre, which suggests that they must have been born from different marriages of their father.  As Jean´s wife named Beatrice is recorded as his widow in 1303, it would be chronologically difficult for her to have been the mother of both children.  It is therefore assumed that Pierre was born from an otherwise unrecorded first marriage of his father.]  m [secondly] BEATRICE, daughter of ---.  She is named in Jean de Grailly's testament of 1303[1059].   Anselme and others conjectured that Clairmonde de Lamothe, daughter of Gaillard de Lamothe & his wife Isabelle de Landiras, was Jean [I]'s wife, to account for his wealth.  Gardeau demonstrates[1060] that Clairmonde was married in 1280 by Jean de Grailly to his nephew Jean Roussel de Saint-Symphorien.  Jean [I] & his [first] wife had one child: 

a)         PIERRE [I] de Grailly (-1290).  He predeceased his father, who in his testament testament declares: "heredem suum Petrum de Geyliaco nepotem filium quondam domini Petri de Greyliaco filii dicti testatoris"[1061].  As discussed in more detail above, the chronology suggests that Pierre was born from an otherwise unrecorded first marriage of his father.  Sénéchal du Bazadais {around Bazas, Gironde} in 1287.  Testified in Sep 1289.  m firstly TALESE (Talesia) de Bouville, daughter of --- (-1285).  She was a descendant of the former Vicomtes de Bénauges and Castillon.  She testified in 1285 in Pays de Gex[1062]m secondly ROUGE d'Astarac, daughter of BERNARD [IV] Comte d´Astarac & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Pierre [I] & his first wife had [two] children: 

i)          PIERRE [II] de Grailly (-1356).  Seigneur de Grilly, Rolle, Ville-la-Grand, Vicomte de Castillon, Captal de Buch {pagus south of Arcachon, Gironde, name derived from Latin Boii, capital of the civitas Boiatium, later a part of Novempopulania}, de iure uxoris, chevalier de la Jarretière[1063].  Edward II King of England wrote to “Arnaldi de Duro Forti militis” regarding his marriage to “Katerinam dominam de Sancta Basilica quondam uxorem Jordani de Insula” by charter dated 25 Feb 1326, and similarly to “Petro de Greylino vicecomiti Benangiarum et Castellionis[1064].  Edward III King of England wrote to “vicecomiti de Benaugiarum...Johanni de Greily” (as well as other nobles in Gascony) congratulating them on their loyalty and good work (“vestræ devotionis affectus...fidelium nostrorum testimonia, set effectus operis...”) by charter dated 25 Jul 1337[1065].  Testified in 1356 and was already dead in 1357.  m firstly (1 Sep 1307) as her second husband, ASSALIDE de Bordeaux, dame de Puy-Paulin, Captalesse de Buch, widow of BERTRAND de l'Isle-Jourdain, daughter of PIERRE [V] de Bordeaux & his wife Comtor --- (-1328).  She was heiress of her brother Pierre [VI] de Bordeaux (who was the first husband of Jeanne de Périgord, probable daughter of Hélie [IX] Comte de Périgord).  Testified 2 Apr 1328[1066]m secondly (31 Dec 1328) as her second husband, EREMBOURG [Erimburgis] de Périgord, widow of JACQUES de La Vie, daughter of HELIE [IX] TALLEYRAND Comte de Périgord & his second wife Brunissende de Foix.  She is not mentioned in her father's testament dated 8 Aug 1302[1067], and the phrasing of the contract for her first marriage dated 13 Jun 1319 "Emborgem filiam bonae memoriae domini Heliae Taleyrandi comitis Petragoricensis…dicta Eremburgis cum dicto Jacoboet quia in presenti propter defectum aetatis cujuslibet dictorum filiorum contrahi non poterat matrimonium inter eos" points to an unusually tender age[1068].  She is often named Rosemburge in secondary sources but this appears unsupported by primary sources.  Pierre [II] de Grailly and his first wife had two children: 

(a)       JEAN [II] de Grailly (-1343).  Edward III King of England wrote to “vicecomiti de Benaugiarum...Johanni de Greily” (as well as other nobles in Gascony) congratulating them on their loyalty and good work (“vestræ devotionis affectus...fidelium nostrorum testimonia, set effectus operis...”) by charter dated 25 Jul 1337[1069].  Captal de Buch, Vicomte de Castillon.  Testified 31 Mar 1343.  m (1328) BLANCHE de Foix, daughter of GASTON [I] Comte de Foix & his wife Jeanne d'Artois.  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Blanca…molher de Mossen Johan de Grailly captal de Buc et Puch Pauli" as the daughter of "Mossen Gaston…[et] de Madona Johanna de Artoys"[1070].  She testified 7 Aug 1363[1071].  Jean [II] de Grailly & his wife had two children: 

(1)       JEAN [III] de Grailly (-1369).  Captal de Buch, Connétable d'Aquitaine. His testament is dated to [1367/69], sole legatee: his uncle Archambaud de Grailly[1072].  He died a prisoner at the Paris Temple.  m (contract Nov 1350) ROSE d'Albret, daughter of BERNARD AIZ [V] Sire d'Albret & his second wife Mathe d'Armagnac (before Mar 1341-).  The marriage contract of "madame Rousse d´Albret" and "messire Jehan captalz de Buchz" is dated Nov 1350 and confirms payment of her dowry by "monsieur Bernard Ezii son père"[1073].  The receipt for payment of the dowry of "Rouse d´Albret, femme de Jehan de Grelly captal de Buchz" is dated 12 Feb 1359[1074]

(2)       GASTON de Grailly (-1362).  Captal de Buch.  He died of plague. 

(b)       BRUNISENDE de Grailly .  The marriage contract of "Bernard d´Albret" and "Brunissan de Grelly" is dated Jun 1336[1075]m (contract Jun 1336, 14 Aug 1345) BERARD [II] d´Albret Seigneur de Rions, son of BERARD [I] d´Albret Seigneur de Vertheuil & his wife Guirande de Gironde. 

Pierre [II] de Grailly and his second wife had [two] children:

(c)       ARCHAMBAUD de Grailly (-1413).  He succeeded his nephew in 1369 as Seigneur de Grilly, de Rolle, de Ville-la-Grand, de Lavaux.  Captal de Buch, Comte de Benauges, Lavaux et Longueville. 

-         COMTES de FOIX

(d)       [ROGETTE de Grailly .  Her parentage and marriage are shown by Père Anselme, but he cites no primary source on which this information is based[1076]m as his second wife, AIMERY [III] Seigneur de la Rochefoucauld, son of GUY [VII] Seigneur de la Rochefoucauld & his wife Agnes de Culant (-16 Sep 1362).] 

ii)         [CATHERINE de Grailly (-before 20 Jul 1333).  A manuscript chronicle records the marriage in 1299 of "Jordanus de Insula" and "Catharinam filiam D. Joannis de Grailliaco militis" who appointed her as his heir[1077].  If Catherine´s parentage is correct as stated in this source, she must have been considerably younger than her supposed brother Pierre [I], which would suggest that she was born from a different marriage.  However, another source provides an alternative parentage for Catherine: a charter dated 20 Jul 1333 records that "messire P. de Grelly" requested the part of "Catherine sa sœur sur Saincte Bazeilhe et Landaron" from the seneschal d´Agenois[1078].  This, read together with Catherine´s testament, in which she leaves this property to "messire P. de Grelly et Jehan son fils" (see below) indicates that she must have been the daughter of Pierre [I] de Grailly.  Dame de Saint Bazeille: "Messire Jourdain de Lisle" donated "Saincte Bazeilhe et Landaron" to "dame Catherine de Grelly sa femme" by charter dated 7 Nov 1312[1079].  Edward II King of England wrote to “Arnaldi de Duro Forti militis” regarding his marriage to “Katerinam dominam de Sancta Basilica quondam uxorem Jordani de Insula” by charter dated 25 Feb 1326, and similarly to “Petro de Greylino vicecomiti Benangiarum et Castellionis[1080].  The testament of "Catherine de Grelly", published 20 Jul 1333, appoints "messire P. de Grelly et Jehan son fils" as her heirs in "Saincte Bazeilhe et Landaron"[1081]m firstly (1299) JOURDAIN de l´Isle-Jourdain, son of JOURDAIN [V] Seigneur [Comte] de l´Isle-Jourdain & his wife Guillelme de Durfort (-1323).  m secondly ([1326]) as his second wife, ARNAUD de Durfort Seigneur de Bajamont, son of --- & his wife Alpais du Bugat (-after 25 Feb 1326).] 

5.         daughter .  m --- Roussel de Saint-Symphorien

a)         JEAN Roussel de Saint-Symphorienm (1280) CLAIRMONDE de Lamothe, daughter of GAILLARD de Lamothe & his wife Isabelle de Landiras. 

i)          GAILLARD de Saint-Symphorien .  Seigneur de Landiras[1082].  

 

 

 

E.      SEIGNEURS de MIREPOIX

 

 

It is likely that the following different family groups were all descended from the same source, probably the three brothers Roger, Raymond “Batalla” and Pierre Roger who are named below.  The information in the surviving primary sources is insufficiently detailed to reconstruct the precise family relationships with any certainty beyond what is shown below. 

 

As part of the arrangements to settle the hostilities in south-western France which followed the crusade against the Albigeois, formalised in the Treaty of Paris 1229, the seigneurie de Mirepoix was granted to Guy de Lévis, who had been principal lieutenant of the army of Simon de Montfort Earl of Leicester[1083].  His family is set out in the document PARIS REGION NOBILITY. 

 

 

1.         --- .  m TRUDGARDE, daughter of --- (-before 23 Jan 1063).  She is named in the undated charter which records that [her son] "Rogerius filius qui fui Trudgarda" [swore homage?] ("non decebrei") to “Rangarda filia Amelia neque filium suum Rogerium comitem” relating to “castro...Proliano neque...castello...Mirapixo[1084].  Three children: 

a)         ROGER (-after 23 Jan 1063).  "Rogerius et frater meus Raymundus Batallia" granted "medietatem de...castro...Poliano et duas partes de…castro...Mirapixo" to “Rengardis comitissa et filio suo Rogerio comite” by charter dated 23 Jan 1063, which states that they distinguished themselves from “fratrem nostrum Petronum Rogerium” who held “tertiam partem de castello Mirapixo[1085].  A separate (undated) charter records that "Rogerius filius qui fui Trudgarda" [swore homage?] ("non decebrei") to “Rangarda filia Amelia neque filium suum Rogerium comitem” relating to “castro...Proliano neque...castello...Mirapixo[1086]

b)         RAYMOND “Batalla” (-after 23 Jan 1063).  "Rogerius et frater meus Raymundus Batallia" granted "medietatem de...castro...Poliano et duas partes de…castro...Mirapixo" to “Rengardis comitissa et filio suo Rogerio comite” by charter dated 23 Jan 1063, which states that they distinguished themselves from “fratrem nostrum Petronum Rogerium” who held “tertiam partem de castello Mirapixo[1087]

c)         PIERRE ROGER (-after 23 Jan 1063).  "Rogerius et frater meus Raymundus Batallia" granted "medietatem de...castro...Poliano et duas partes de…castro...Mirapixo" to “Rengardis comitissa et filio suo Rogerio comite” by charter dated 23 Jan 1063, which states that they distinguished themselves from “fratrem nostrum Petronum Rogerium” who held “tertiam partem de castello Mirapixo[1088]

 

 

1.         --- .  The identity of Bélisende´s husband has not been ascertained.  He may have been Pierre Roger who is named above.  The charter dated 23 Jan 1063, quoted above, confirms that Pierre Roger retained one third of Mirepoix after his two brothers granted their two thirds to the comital family of Carcassonne.  If Pierre Roger continued to retain his third part of the castle, and died in [1084], it would be expected that his heir Arnaud would then swear homage for his inheritance.  m BELISENDE, daughter of ---.  She is named in the charter dated to [1084] under which [her son] "Arnals filius Belesen" swore homage to "Ermengarz filia Rangars neque Bernard Ermengart filium" for “castellum de Mirapeis[1089].  One child: 

a)         ARNAUD (-after [1084]).  Seigneur de Mirepoix.  "Arnals filius Belesen" swore homage to "Ermengarz filia Rangars neque Bernard Ermengart filium" for “castellum de Mirapeis” by charter dated to [1084][1090]

 

 

1.         ROGER (-after 23 Aug 1103).  Seigneur de Mirepoix.  "Rogerius de Mirapex et uxor mea…Serena…cum filio nostro Bernardo" donated property to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 23 Aug 1103, which states that the donor died on a journey to Jerusalem, the donation being confirmed later by "Serena post mortem viri mei…Bernardi filii mei cum filiis meis…Petro et Rogerio"[1091]m firstly ---.  The wording of the charter dated 23 Aug 1103, quoted above, suggests that Pierre and Roger, sons of the donor, were not born from his marriage to Serena.  Assuming it is correct, as suggested below, that Pierre son of Roger was the same person as Pierre Roger who is named in the charter dated to [1112], she may have been BELISENDE, daughter of ---: [her son] “Petrus Rodgarius filius Belissen” swore homage to “Bernard fil de Hermengard et suus filius Rogarius et Raymundus Trincavellus filius Sedilia” for “castello de Mirapeis” by charter dated to [1112] (see below for a discussion of the dating of this document)[1092]m secondly SERENA, daughter of ---.  "Rogerius de Mirapex et uxor mea…Serena…cum filio nostro Bernardo" donated property to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 23 Aug 1103, which states that the donor died on a journey to Jerusalem, the donation being confirmed later by "Serena post mortem viri mei…Bernardi filii mei cum filiis meis…Petro et Rogerio"[1093].  Roger & his first wife had two children: 

a)         PIERRE .  "Rogerius de Mirapex et uxor mea…Serena…cum filio nostro Bernardo" donated property to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 23 Aug 1103, which states that the donor died on a journey to Jerusalem, the donation being confirmed later by "Serena post mortem viri mei…Bernardi filii mei cum filiis meis…Petro et Rogerio"[1094]same person as...?  PIERRE ROGER (-after [1112]).  Seigneur de Mirepoix.  “Petrus Rodgarius filius Belissen” swore homage to “Bernard fil de Hermengard et suus filius Rogarius et Raymundus Trincavellus filius Sedilia” for “castello de Mirapeis” by charter dated 9 Jan 1152[1095].  It should be noted that the Histoire Générale de Languedoc dates this charter to [1112][1096].  The individuals to whom homage was sworn were Bernard Aton [IV] Vicomte de Béziers (died 1129) and his sons Roger (died 1150) and Raymond “Trencavel” (died 1167).  This suggests that the earlier date is more likely to be within the correct date range of the document. 

b)         ROGER .  "Rogerius de Mirapex et uxor mea…Serena…cum filio nostro Bernardo" donated property to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 23 Aug 1103, which states that the donor died on a journey to Jerusalem, the donation being confirmed later by "Serena post mortem viri mei…Bernardi filii mei cum filiis meis…Petro et Rogerio"[1097]

Roger & his second wife had two children: 

c)         BERNARD .  "Rogerius de Mirapex et uxor mea…Serena…cum filio nostro Bernardo" donated property to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 23 Aug 1103, which states that the donor died on a journey to Jerusalem, the donation being confirmed later by "Serena post mortem viri mei…Bernardi filii mei cum filiis meis…Petro et Rogerio"[1098]

d)         PIERRE ROGER (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[1099]

 

 

1.         ROGER (-after [1129]).  Seigneur de Mirepoix.  "Rogerius de Mirapeix et Arnaldus Rogerii et...Rogerius Isarnus et...Sicfredus de Marlag" swore homage to "Rodgerio comiti Fuxensi filio Rodgerii et Stephaniæ" for “castellum Mirapeiz” by charter dated to [1129][1100]m [ADELMUS, daughter of ---.  She is named in the charter dated Jul 1159 under which [her sons] "…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii..." swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc[1101].  As suggested below, the order of all the names in this document suggests that her sons Guillaume Roger and Pierre Roger may have been the sons of Roger who was the father of Ava (and presumably of Arnaud Roger).  Even though she has a masculine sounding name, all the references “filius de ---“ in the list refer to the mothers of the individuals in questions  In addition, the second names of “Guillelmus Rogerii...et...Petrus Rogerii” are in the genitive case, which suggests that their father was named Roger.]  Roger & his wife had two children: 

a)         ARNAUD Roger (-after [1129]).  "Rogerius de Mirapeix et Arnaldus Rogerii et...Rogerius Isarnus et...Sicfredus de Marlag" swore homage to "Rodgerio comiti Fuxensi filio Rodgerii et Stephaniæ" for “castellum Mirapeiz” by charter dated to [1129][1102]

b)         AVA (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[1103]m RAYMOND de Rabat, son of --- (-after Jul 1159). 

c)         [GUILLAUME Roger (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[1104].] 

d)         [PIERRE Roger (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[1105].] 

 

 

1.         --- .  m BELISENDE, daughter of ---.  She is named in the charter dated 1150 under which [her sons] "Raimundus Batalla filius Beliscendis et nos fratres scilicet Rogerius Isarni et Guillermus Batalla filii Beliscendis..." swore homage to "Raymundum Trencavelli vicecomitem filium Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ neque Rogerium filium tuum et S. comitissæ" for “castello...Callarium” by charter dated 1150[1106].  [Five] children: 

a)         RAYMOND “Batalla” (-after 1150).  "Raimundus Batalla filius Beliscendis et nos fratres scilicet Rogerius Isarni et Guillermus Batalla filii Beliscendis et...Galardus de Congusto per me et Willermam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Raymundus Cardani de Contabout per me et Dominicam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Ferrandus Dominicæ propedictæ filius" swore homage to "Raymundum Trencavelli vicecomitem filium Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ neque Rogerium filium tuum et S. comitissæ" for “castello...Callarium” by charter dated 1150[1107].  Although this document does not mention Mirepoix, the names of the individuals suggests that they were members of the Mirepoix family.  ["Centullus Gastonis filius" confirmed donations by "avus meus Centullus et Gasto pater meus" to Sainte-Foi de Morlaás by charter dated “Non Mar Feria V eodem anno quo pater meus a Mauris in Ispania interfectus fuerat” 1131, in the presence of "mater mea et plures terre mee barones...Ramon de Mirapes..."[1108].  It is not certain that the subscriber was the same person as Raymond “Batalla”.] 

b)         [ROGER ISARN (-after Jul 1159).  The wording of the charter dated 1150, quoted below, suggests that the brothers Roger Isarn and Guillaume “Batalla” may not have been the sons of the same Bélisende who was the mother of Raymond “Batalla”.  If all three had shared the same mother, it is difficult to understand why the charter did not state “nos fratres...” before listing all three.  On the other hand, the structure of the whole list of those swearing homage under the document suggest that all five held a joint interest in the property in question, maybe as brothers/brothers-in-law.  Seigneur de Mirepoix.  "Rogerius de Mirapeix et Arnaldus Rogerii et...Rogerius Isarnus et...Sicfredus de Marlag" swore homage to "Rodgerio comiti Fuxensi filio Rodgerii et Stephaniæ" for “castellum Mirapeiz” by charter dated to [1129][1109].  "Raimundus Batalla filius Beliscendis et nos fratres scilicet Rogerius Isarni et Guillermus Batalla filii Beliscendis et...Galardus de Congusto per me et Willermam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Raymundus Cardani de Contabout per me et Dominicam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Ferrandus Dominicæ propedictæ filius" swore homage to "Raymundum Trencavelli vicecomitem filium Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ neque Rogerium filium tuum et S. comitissæ" for “castello...Callarium” by charter dated 1150[1110].  Although this document does not mention Mirepoix, the names of the individuals suggests that they were members of the Mirepoix family.  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[1111].] 

c)         [GUILLAUME “Batalla” (-after Jul 1159).  The wording of the charter dated 1150, quoted below, suggests that the brothers Roger Isarn and Guillaume “Batalla” may not have been the sons of the same Bélisende who was the mother of Raymond “Batalla”.  If all three had shared the same mother, it is difficult to understand why the charter did not state “nos fratres...” before listing all three.  On the other hand, the structure of the whole list of those swearing homage under the document suggest that all five held a joint interest in the property in question, maybe as brothers/brothers-in-law.  "Raimundus Batalla filius Beliscendis et nos fratres scilicet Rogerius Isarni et Guillermus Batalla filii Beliscendis et...Galardus de Congusto per me et Willermam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Raymundus Cardani de Contabout per me et Dominicam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Ferrandus Dominicæ propedictæ filius" swore homage to "Raymundum Trencavelli vicecomitem filium Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ neque Rogerium filium tuum et S. comitissæ" for “castello...Callarium” by charter dated 1150[1112].  Although this document does not mention Mirepoix, the names of the individuals suggests that they were members of the Mirepoix family.  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[1113].] 

d)         [GUILLERME (-after 1150).  "Raimundus Batalla filius Beliscendis et nos fratres scilicet Rogerius Isarni et Guillermus Batalla filii Beliscendis et...Galardus de Congusto per me et Willermam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Raymundus Cardani de Contabout per me et Dominicam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Ferrandus Dominicæ propedictæ filius" swore homage to "Raymundum Trencavelli vicecomitem filium Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ neque Rogerium filium tuum et S. comitissæ" for “castello...Callarium” by charter dated 1150[1114]The list of names suggests that they were a group of brothers/broters-in-law who held a joint interest in the property in question.  m GAILLARD de Congust, son of --- (-after 1150).] 

e)         [DOMINIQUE (-after 1150).  "Raimundus Batalla filius Beliscendis et nos fratres scilicet Rogerius Isarni et Guillermus Batalla filii Beliscendis et...Galardus de Congusto per me et Willermam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Raymundus Cardani de Contabout per me et Dominicam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Ferrandus Dominicæ propedictæ filius" swore homage to "Raymundum Trencavelli vicecomitem filium Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ neque Rogerium filium tuum et S. comitissæ" for “castello...Callarium” by charter dated 1150[1115].  The list of names suggests that they were a group of brothers/broters-in-law who held a joint interest in the property in question.  m RAYMOND Cardan de Contabout, son of --- (-after 1150).] 

 

 

1.         SIGEFROI de Marlag (-after [1129]).  Seigneur de Mirepoix.  "Rogerius de Mirapeix et Arnaldus Rogerii et...Rogerius Isarnus et...Sicfredus de Marlag" swore homage to "Rodgerio comiti Fuxensi filio Rodgerii et Stephaniæ" for “castellum Mirapeiz” by charter dated to [1129][1116]m [CERDANE, daughter of ---.  She is named in the charter dated Jul 1159 under which [her sons] "…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi..." swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc[1117].]  Sigefroi & his wife had [four children]: 

a)         [BERTRAND de Marlag (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[1118]The common reference to “Marlag”, as well as the chronology, suggest that Bertrand may have been the son of Sigefroi.] 

b)         [ISARN de Châtillon (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[1119].] 

c)         [PIERRE ROGER (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[1120].] 

d)         [GUILLAUME RAYMOND (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[1121].] 

 

 

1.         --- .  m MELIA, daughter of ---.  She is named in the charter dated Jul 1159 under which [her son] "…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia..." swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[1122].  One child: 

a)         BERNARD d’Astenave (-after Jul 1059).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[1123].   

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         PIERRE ROGER (-after 1223).  Seigneur de Mirepoix.  “Petrus Rogerii de Mirapisce et...Esquivus eius filius et...Raimundus de Ravato et Rogerius Isarnus et Isarnus Batala…”, together with 30 other named persons, granted privileges to the inhabitants of Mirepoix by charter dated 20 May 1207[1124]"Domini...castri Mirapiscis...Petrus Rogerius et Ysarnus eius frater et...Lupus de Fuxo pro me et pro Bernardo de Durbano et...Ramundus de Ravati et...Arnaldus Rogerii per me et per sonsobrinam meam Galardam et...Bernardus Batalha de Mirapisce et...Atho Arnaldus de Castro Verduno et...Izarnus de Castillione et...Bernardus de Artinaro per me et per Arnaldum de Lordato" swore homage to "domino Raimundo Rogerio comiti Fuxi et filio vestro Rogerio Bernardo" for “castrum de Mirapisc“ by charter dated 1223[1125]m ---.  The name of Pierre Roger´s wife is not known.  Pierre Roger & his wife had one child: 

a)         ESCHIVAT (-after 20 May 1207).  “Petrus Rogerii de Mirapisce et...Esquivus eius filius et...Raimundus de Ravato et Rogerius Isarnus et Isarnus Batala…”, together with 30 other named persons, granted privileges to the inhabitants of Mirepoix by charter dated 20 May 1207[1126]

2.         ISARN (-after 1223).  "Domini...castri Mirapiscis...Petrus Rogerius et Ysarnus eius frater..." swore homage to "domino Raimundo Rogerio comiti Fuxi et filio vestro Rogerio Bernardo" for “castrum de Mirapisc“ by charter dated 1223[1127]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    COMTES de GEVAUDAN

 

 

The territory of the former county of Gévaudan coincides broadly with the present-day French département of Lozère.  The first identified reference to a comte de Gévaudun refers to Comte Pons in 998.  However, his ancestors can be traced for three generations as shown below.  No further comte de Gévaudan is recorded after the death of Pons, which is dated to [1013/16].  The vicomtes de Millau are also recorded as vicomtes de Gévaudun during the 11th century (see Chapter 10.C of the present document).  This suggests that jurisdiction over the county must have passed to the comtes de Toulouse, although the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified.  The vicomté de Gévaudan passed to the comtes de Provence in the late 11th century, as a result of the marriage of Girbert Vicomte de Gévaudan et de Millau with Gerberge, daughter of Geoffroy Comte de Provence.  It is not known whether the county of Gévaudan was still held by the comtes de Toulouse after that time. 

 

 

 

1.         BERTELAND .  "Vivianus" donated property "in villa…Antonio" to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "Bertelandi genitoris mei et genitricis meæ Viviana, sive…Bernardi germani mei" by charter dated 898, which also specifies that the donor hoped that the property in question would pass to "senior meus Heralius" after his death[1128]m VIVIANA, daughter of ---.  "Vivianus" donated property "in villa…Antonio" to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "Bertelandi genitoris mei et genitricis meæ Viviana, sive…Bernardi germani mei" by charter dated 898, which also specifies that the donor hoped that the property in question would pass to "senior meus Heraclius" after his death[1129].  Berteland & his wife had two children: 

a)         BERNARD (-after 911).  "Vivianus" donated property "in villa…Antonio" to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "Bertelandi genitoris mei et genitricis meæ Viviana, sive…Bernardi germani mei" by charter dated 898, which also specifies that the donor hoped that the property in question would pass to "senior meus Heralius" after his death[1130]

b)         VIVIEN (-after 898).  "Vivianus" donated property "in villa…Antonio" to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "Bertelandi genitoris mei et genitricis meæ Viviana, sive…Bernardi germani mei" by charter dated 898, which also specifies that the donor hoped that the property in question would pass to "senior meus Heralius" after his death[1131]

 

 

1.         HERACLE (-after 898).  A charter dated 22 Apr 876 records "Bertranno vicis-comite" in "Nemause civitate" and "Eralii vicis-comite"[1132].  "Eralii viciscomite" has not been identified positively, although his name suggests a connection with the future vicomtes de Polignac.  "Vivianus" donated property "in villa…Antonio" to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "Bertelandi genitoris mei et genitricis meæ Viviana, sive…Bernardi germani mei" by charter dated 898, which also specifies that the donor hoped that the property in question would pass to "senior meus Heralius" after his death[1133]same person as…?  HERACLE (-[907/26]).  m GODA, daughter of ---.  "Bertrandus et uxor mea Emildis et Stephanus filius noster" donated property "in villa…Antonio" to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "genitoris mei et genetricis meæ Godanæ" by charter dated 937[1134].  "Goda et filius meus Bertrandus" donated property "in pago Vellaico in vicaria de Vetula civitate in villa…Vallilias" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated Jun 971 (although the document would appear misdated if the reconstruction of this family is correct as shown here)[1135].  Heraclius & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERTRAND (-after 943).  "Acfredus" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude, except the part belonging to "fideli meo Bertranno filio Eralii", by charter dated 11 Oct [927][1136]Bertrandus et uxor mea Emildis et Stephanus filius noster" donated property "in villa…Antonio" to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "genitoris mei et genetricis meæ Godanæ" by charter dated 937[1137].  "Bertrandus et et Emilgardis uxor eius et Stephanus, eorum filius et uxor eius Annanis" donated property "in villa…Antonio" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated 943[1138].  "Goda et filius meus Bertrandus" donated property "in pago Vellaico in vicaria de Vetula civitate in villa…Vallilias" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated Jun 971 (although the document would appear misdated if the reconstruction of this family is correct as shown here)[1139]m EMILDE, daughter of --- (-after 943).  "Bertrandus et uxor mea Emildis et Stephanus filius noster" donated property "in villa…Antonio" to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "genitoris mei et genetricis meæ Godanæ" by charter dated 937[1140].  Settipani proposes tentatively[1141] that she was the daughter of Etienne Vicomte de Brioude & his wife Ermengarde ---.  Bertrand & his wife had one child: 

i)          ETIENNE de Brioude (-before [975]).  "Bertrandus et uxor mea Emildis et Stephanus filius noster" donated property "in villa…Antonio" to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "genitoris mei et genetricis meæ Godanæ" by charter dated 937[1142]

-         see below

 

 

ETIENNE de Brioude, son of BERTRAND & his wife Emilde --- (-before [970/75]).  "Bertrandus et uxor mea Emildis et Stephanus filius noster" donated property "in villa…Antonio" to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "genitoris mei et genetricis meæ Godanæ" by charter dated 937[1143].  "Stephanus filius quondam Bertrandi et Emildis" restored property "manso…Lacus" to Saint-Julien de Brioude which he had usurped after his father died by undated charter, signed by "domina Adalaiz…mariti sui Stephani atque filiorum suorum Poncii et Bertranni"[1144].  According to Settipani, Etienne was not "Comte de Gévaudan", although his descendants by his second wife later possessed the counties of Gévaudan, Brioude and Forez[1145]

m firstly ANNE, daughter of ---.  "Bertrandus et et Emilgardis uxor eius et Stephanus, eorum filius et uxor eius Annanis" donated property "in villa…Antonio" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated 943[1146]

m secondly ([950/60]) as her first husband, ADELAIS d'Anjou, daughter of FOULQUES II "le Bon" Comte d’Anjou & his first wife Gerberge --- ([940/50]-1026, bur Montmajour, near Arles).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the Chronicle of Saint-Pierre du Puy which names "comes Gaufridus cognomento Grisogonella…Pontius et Bertrandus eius nepotes…matre eorum Adalaide sorore ipsius"[1147], the brothers Pons and Bertrand being confirmed in other sources as the sons of Etienne de Brioude, for example the charter dated 1000 under which "duo germani fratres…Pontius, alter Bertrandus" donated property to Saint-Chaffre for the souls of "patris sui Stephani matrisque nomine Alaicis"[1148].  "Stephanus filius quondam Bertrandi et Emildis" restored property "manso…Lacus" to Saint-Julien de Brioude which he had usurped after his father died by undated charter, signed by "domina Adalaiz…mariti sui Stephani atque filiorum suorum Poncii et Bertranni"[1149].  Adelais's second and third marriages are confirmed by Richer who records the marriage of Louis and "Adelaidem, Ragemundi nuper defuncti ducis Gothorum uxorem" and their coronation as king and queen of Aquitaine[1150].  The Chronicon Andegavensi names "Blanchiam filiam Fulconis Boni comitis Andegavensis" as wife of the successor of "Lotharius rex Francorum", but confuses matters by stating that the couple were parents of "filiam Constantiam" wife of Robert II King of France[1151].  The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence names "Blanchiam" as the wife of "Lotharius rex…Ludovicum filium" but does not give her origin[1152].  She was crowned Queen of Aquitaine with her third husband on the day of their marriage.  The Libro de Otiis Imperialibus names "Blanchiam" as wife of "Ludovicus puer [filius Lotharii]"[1153].  Rodulfus Glaber refers to the unnamed wife of "Ludowicum" as "ab Aquitanis partibus uxorem", recounting that she tricked him into travelling to Aquitaine where "she left him and attached herself to her own family"[1154].  Richer records her marriage with "Wilelmum Arelatensem" after her divorce from Louis[1155].  Her fourth marriage is confirmed by the Historia Francorum which names "Blanca sorore Gaufridi comitis Andegavensis" as wife of "Guillelmi comitis Arelatensis"[1156].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Blanche comitisse Arelatensis" as mother of "Constantia [uxor Robertus rex]", specifying that she was "soror Gaufridi Grisagonelli"[1157].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Blanca sorore eius" ( "eius" referring incorrectly to Foulques "Nerra" Comte d'Anjou) as wife of "Guillelmi Arelatensis comitis" and as mother of Constance, wife of Robert II King of France[1158].  "Adalaiz comitissa" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1003[1159].  This charter is subscribed by "Emma comitissa…Wilelmus comes", the second of whom was presumably the son of Adelais but the first of whom has not been identified.  "Pontius…Massiliensis ecclesie pontifex" issued a charter dated 1005 with the consent of "domni Rodhbaldi comitis et domne Adalaizis comitisse, domnique Guillelmi comitis filii eius"[1160].  "Adalax comitissa mater Villelmi quondam Provintie comitis et Geriberga eque comitissa…eiusdem principis olim uxor" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of their late son and husband respectively by charter dated 1018[1161].  No explanation has been found for her having been named Adelais in some sources and Blanche in others, as it is difficult to interpret these documents to mean that they referred to two separate individuals.  Adelais's supposed fifth marriage is deduced from the following: Count Othon-Guillaume's wife is named Adelais in several charters[1162], and Pope Benedict VIII refers to "domnæ Adeleidi comitissæ cognomento Blanchæ" with "nuruique eius domnæ Gerbergæ comitissæ" when addressing her supposed husband in a document dated Sep 1016[1163], Gerberga presumably being Count Othon-Guillaume's daughter by his first wife who was the widow of Adelaide-Blanche d´Anjou's son by her fourth husband.  However, the document in question appears not to specify that "domnæ Adeleidi…" was the wife of Othon Guillaume and the extracts seen (the full text has not yet been consulted) do not permit this conclusion to be drawn.  It is perfectly possible that the Pope named Adelais-Blanche in the letter only in reference to her relationship to Othon Guillaume´s daughter.  If her fifth marriage is correct, Adelais would have been considerably older than her new husband, and probably nearly sixty years old when she married (Othon-Guillaume's first wife died in [1002/04]), which seems unlikely.  Another difficulty is presented by three entries dated 1018, 1024 and 1026 which appear to link Adelais to Provence while, if the fifth marriage was correct, she would have been with her husband (whose death is recorded in Sep 1026) in Mâcon.  These entries are: firstly, "Adalax comitissa mater Villelmi quondam Provintie comitis et Geriberga eque comitissa…eiusdem principis olim uxor" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of their late son and husband respectively by charter dated 1018[1164]; secondly, "Vuilelmus filius Rodbaldi" donated property "in comitatu Aquense in valle…Cagnanam" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1024, signed by "Adalaiz comitissa, Vuilelmus comes filius Rodbaldi"[1165]; and thirdly, a manuscript written by Arnoux, monk at Saint-André-lès-Avignon, records the death in 1026 of "Adalax comitissa"[1166].  The necrology of Saint-Pierre de Mâcon records the death "IV Kal Jun" of "Adalasia comitissa vocata regali progenie orta"[1167].  She married secondly ([970/75]) [as his second wife,] Raymond IV Comte de Toulouse, thirdly (Vieux-Brioude, Haute-Loire 982, divorced 984) Louis associate King of the Franks [later Louis V King of the Franks], fourthly ([984/86]) as his second wife, Guillaume II "le Libérateur" Comte d'Arles Marquis de Provence, and fifthly (before 1016) as his second wife, Othon Guillaume Comte de Mâcon et de Nevers [Bourgogne-Comté].]  An enquiry dated 2 Jan 1215 records that "comitissa Blanca" was buried "apud Montem Majorem"[1168]

Etienne & his first wife had [one possible child]:

1.         [EMILDE (-after [993/1002])Europäische Stammtafeln[1169] names the wife of Rotbald [II] as "Emilde de Gévaudun" but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified.  Szabolcs de Vajay suggests[1170] that she was the daughter of Etienne Vicomte de Gévaudan.  m ROTBALD [II] Comte de Provence, son of BOSON [II] Comte d'Arles & his wife Constantia --- (-[1008]).] 

Etienne & his second wife had [four] children:

2.         PONS (-murdered [26 Feb 1011/1016]).  "Stephanus filius quondam Bertrandi et Emildis" restored property "manso…Lacus" to Saint-Julien de Brioude which he had usurped after his father died by undated charter, signed by "domina Adalaiz…mariti sui Stephani atque filiorum suorum Poncii et Bertranni"[1171].  "Episcopus sedis Aniciensis Vuido" names "Pontii comitis nepotis sui fratrisque eius Bertrandi" in a charter dated 13 Apr 997[1172]Comte de Gévaudan.  "Poncius…comes…Gabalitanensis telluris necnon et Forensis patriæ" donated "ecclesiam Langat…in comitatu Gabalitensi, aliam ecclesiam…Favairolas…" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitorum suorum Stephani et Alais et uxoris eius Theotbergæ et filiorum eius Stephani et Poncii vel fratrum eius Bertrandi et Willelmus et nepotum eius Stephani, Rotberti et Willelmi", by charter dated Feb [1010], signed by "Roberti vicecomitis, Willelmi fratris eius…"[1173].  "Stephanus vicecomes Gabalitanensium cum coniuge mea Aiamolde" founded the monastery of Langogne "in comitatu Gabalitano in vicaria Miliacense in villa…Lingonia secus ripam fluvii Elerii", with the consent of "…Rigaldi fratris mei et Urbani, filiique eius Simonis, Pontii quoque comitis ac Bertrandi fratrum", and donated property including "in comitatu Vivariensi" by charter dated 998[1174].  "Duo germani fratres…Pontius, alter Bertrandus" donated property to Saint-Chaffre for the souls of "patris sui Stephani matrisque nomine Alaicis" by charter dated 1000[1175].  The Chronicle of Saint-Pierre du Puy names "comes Gaufridus cognomento Grisogonella…Pontius et Bertrandus eius nepotes…matre eorum Adalaide sorore ipsius"[1176].  "Poncius…comes…Gabalitanensis" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "genitorum meorum Stephani et Alaiz et uxoris meæ Theotberganæ et filiis meis Stephani et Poncii, vel fratribus meis Bertrando et Villelmo et nepotibus meis [Stephanum], Robertum atque Villelmum" by charter dated Feb 1011, subscribed by "Stephanus vicecomes…Rotberti vicecomitis, W. fratris sui…"[1177].  The Liber miraculorum Sanctæ Fidæ name "Arsendis, uxor Vuillelmi Tholosani comitis, fratris…Pontii" and specify that the latter was murdered by "Artaldo…privigno suo", in revenge for the repudiation of his mother, Pons's second wife[1178]m firstly ---.  This first marriage is demonstrated by the chronology of Pons´s children which shows that they could not have been born from his marriage to Theutberga.  m secondly ([1001/08], repudiated) as her second husband, THEUTBERGA, widow of ARTAUD Comte [de Lyon et de Forez], daughter of ---].  "Poncius…comes…Gabalitanensis telluris necnon et Forensis patriæ" donated "ecclesiam Langat…in comitatu Gabalitensi, aliam ecclesiam…Favairolas…" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitorum suorum Stephani et Alais et uxoris eius Theotbergæ et filiorum eius Stephani et Poncii vel fratrum eius Bertrandi et Willelmus et nepotum eius Stephani, Rotberti et Willelmi", by charter dated Feb [1010], signed by "Roberti vicecomitis, Willelmi fratris eius…"[1179].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the Liber miraculorum Sanctæ Fidæ which specifies that "Pontii" was murdered by "Artaldo…privigno suo"[1180]m thirdly ---.  According to Settipani, Pons repudiated his second wife in order to marry a third wife but he cites no source which confirms this third marriage[1181].  Pons & his first wife had [three] children: 

a)         ETIENNE (-murdered 1013).  "Poncius…comes…Gabalitanensis telluris necnon et Forensis patriæ" donated "ecclesiam Langat…in comitatu Gabalitensi, aliam ecclesiam…Favairolas…" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitorum suorum Stephani et Alais et uxoris eius Theotbergæ et filiorum eius Stephani et Poncii vel fratrum eius Bertrandi et Willelmus et nepotum eius Stephani, Rotberti et Willelmi", by charter dated Feb [1010], signed by "Roberti vicecomitis, Willelmi fratris eius…"[1182]Bishop of Clermont 1011. 

b)         PONS (-after Feb [1010]).  "Poncius…comes…Gabalitanensis telluris necnon et Forensis patriæ" donated "ecclesiam Langat…in comitatu Gabalitensi, aliam ecclesiam…Favairolas…" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitorum suorum Stephani et Alais et uxoris eius Theotbergæ et filiorum eius Stephani et Poncii vel fratrum eius Bertrandi et Willelmus et nepotum eius Stephani, Rotberti et Willelmi", by charter dated Feb [1010], signed by "Roberti vicecomitis, Willelmi fratris eius…"[1183]

c)         [ADELAIDE .  Auguste Bernard quotes a charter dated “VIII Id Feb Regis Rodulpho regnante” under which Gérard donated the church of Saint-Pierre d´Aurec to the abbey of La Cluse which names his wife “Adalaix” and his sons Artaud and “Gauffredus seu Vuilelmus[1184].  According to Auguste Bernard, she was the daughter of Pons de Gévaudun, but he does not cite the source on which this is based[1185]m GERAUD Comte de Forez, son of ARTAUD [II] Comte de Forez & his wife Theutberga --- (-[5 Mar] after 1046). 

3.         BERTRAND .  "Stephanus filius quondam Bertrandi et Emildis" restored property "manso…Lacus" to Saint-Julien de Brioude which he had usurped after his father died by undated charter, signed by "domina Adalaiz…mariti sui Stephani atque filiorum suorum Poncii et Bertranni"[1186].  "Episcopus sedis Aniciensis Vuido" names "Pontii comitis nepotis sui fratrisque eius Bertrandi" in a charter dated 13 Apr 997[1187].  "Stephanus vicecomes Gabalitanensium cum coniuge mea Aiamolde" founded the monastery of Langogne "in comitatu Gabalitano in vicaria Miliacense in villa…Lingonia secus ripam fluvii Elerii", with the consent of "…Rigaldi fratris mei et Urbani, filiique eius Simonis, Pontii quoque comitis ac Bertrandi fratrum", and donated property including "in comitatu Vivariensi" by charter dated 998[1188].  "Duo germani fratres…Pontius, alter Bertrandus" donated property to Saint-Chaffre for the souls of "patris sui Stephani matrisque nomine Alaicis" by charter dated 1000[1189].  "Poncius…comes…Gabalitanensis" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "genitorum meorum Stephani et Alaiz et uxoris meæ Theotberganæ et filiis meis Stephani et Poncii, vel fratribus meis Bertrando et Villelmo et nepotibus meis [Stephanum], Robertum atque Villelmum" by charter dated Feb 1011, subscribed by "Stephanus vicecomes…Rotberti vicecomitis, W. fratris sui…"[1190].  The Chronicle of Saint-Pierre du Puy names "comes Gaufridus cognomento Grisogonella…Pontius et Bertrandus eius nepotes…matre eorum Adalaide sorore ipsius"[1191]

4.         [HUMBERGE [Ermengarde] ([970/75]-).  "Umberga" donated property to Sauxillanges for the souls of "senioris mei Vuillelmi et…filiorum meorum tam vivis quam etiam defunctis" by charter dated to [1000/10][1192].  "Domni Stephani episcopi, domni Rotberti, domni Vuillelmi, Umbergane comitisse matris eorum" signed a charter dated to [1013/21] under which property was donated to Sauxillanges[1193].  There is doubt about Humberge's parentage but the hypothesis shown here appears to provide the best solution to various chronological difficulties.  The Flandria Generosa names "Ermengardis comitissa Arvenensis" as sister of "Constantia regina Francorum", when outlining the basis for the consanguinity between their great-great-grandchildren, Baudouin VII Count of Flanders and [Hawise] de Bretagne, which provided the grounds for the couple's separation[1194].  It has been assumed in many secondary sources[1195] that this passage means that "Ermengarde" was the full sister of Queen Constance (who was the third wife of Robert II King of France) and therefore that she was the daughter of Guillaume [II] Comte de Provence by his second marriage to Adelais d'Anjou.  However, this is chronologically impossible.  The marriage of "Ermengarde's" daughter, also named Ermengarde, to Eudes II Comte de Blois, is dated to 1005 according to the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois Fontaines[1196].  Even if this date is inaccurate, the estimated birth date of Ermengarde junior's eldest son is [1010], and the marriage of her daughter is dated to 1018 (although the chronology suggests that this may have been an infant betrothal or marriage).  Assuming that there is a degree of accuracy in these three dates, the daughter of "Ermengarde" Ctss d'Auvergne could not have been born later than [995] at the latest.  This places the birth of "Ermengarde" senior to [980] at the very latest, about five years before Adelais's marriage to Guillaume Comte de Provence.  Given that Adelais's third marriage to Louis V King of the West Franks was childless, and her second marriage to Raymond IV Comte de Toulouse was brief, it is therefore most likely that "Ermengarde" was Adelais's daughter by her first marriage to Etienne de Brioude.  Some corroboration for this hypothesis is found in the charter dated 1011 under which "Poncius comes Gabalitanensis" (who was the son of Adelais d'Anjou by her marriage to Etienne de Brioude) donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitorum suorum Stephani et Alais et uxoris eius Theotbergæ et filiorum eius Stephani et Poncii vel fratrum eius Bertrandi et Willelmus et nepotum eius Stephani, Rotberti et Willelmi", by charter dated Feb [1010], signed by "Roberti vicecomitis, Willelmi fratris eius…"[1197].  In this scenario, Etienne, Robert and Guillaume would be the sons of Pons's full sister "Ermengarde" Ctss d'Auvergne.  However, this raises yet more difficulties.  The secondary sources also assume that "Ermengarde's" husband was Robert [I] Comte d'Auvergne.  However, the only known son of Comte Robert [I] was Guillaume [V] Comte d'Auvergne.  Assuming that the "nepotes" of Comte Pons are named in order of seniority in the 1011 charter, "Vuillelmi" would have been the youngest brother.  No other reference has been to found to his assumed older brothers Etienne and Robert.  In any case, it is unlikely that Guillaume [V] Comte d'Auvergne would have been born much before [995/1000] for consistency with the dates of his marriage and his death.  If this is correct, it would raise doubts about the use of the title "vicecomes" in the 1011 charter, as their father would still have been at the height of his power.  All these difficulties would be solved if the "nepotes" of Comte Pons were in fact the three known sons of Guillaume [IV] Comte d'Auvergne, not of Robert [I] Comte d'Auvergne.  If this is correct, "Ermengarde" would in fact have been "Humberge", who, as shown above, is named in other primary sources as the wife of Comte Guillaume.  m GUILLAUME [IV] Comte d'Auvergne, son of --- (-[1016]).

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    COMTES de MELGUEIL

 

 

A.      COMTES de SUBSTANTION et de MELGUEIL

 

 

Melgueil is now known as Mauguio {Hérault}.  However, the ancient form of the name is too widely known to be changed in this document.  Substantion is near Castelnau-le-Lez {Hérault}.  The cathedral of Maguelone was built in the territory of the comté de Melgueil but is now a ruin in Villeneuve-lès-Maguelone {Hérault}.  The town of Montpellier also later developed in the same area.  Isolated references to comtes de Melgueil are found in primary sources from the late 8th century.  These are shown in Part A of this chapter, but any family reconstruction on the basis of this information would be guesswork.  Pierre Comte de Melgueil recognised the suzerainty of the Pope 27 Apr 1085, and was confirmed as Comte de Melgueil, Maguelone et Substantion for life.  In 1172, Beatrix Ctss de Melgueil disinherited her son Bertrand and appointed her daughter Ermessende as her successor in the county.  Ermessende was married later the same year to Raymond de Toulouse (who later succeeded as Raymond VI Comte de Toulouse) and transferred the county to her husband by her testament dated 1176.  Bertrand unsuccessfully contested these arrangements, seeking support from Alfonso II King of Aragon to whom he swore homage in 1172[1198].  The comtes de Toulouse ruled Melgueil until 1211 when Pope Innocent III enfeoffed it to the bishop of Maguelone. 

 

 

1.         AIGULF .  [752] .  Ardo's Life of St Benedict names "pater eius [St Benoît d'Aniane] Aigulfus…Magalonensis comes"[1199]

a)         WITIZA ([750-Aachen 821).  He was known as Benoît d'Aniane, and founded the abbey of Aniane {Hérault][1200].  Both his and his father's names are indicative of Visigoth ancestry. 

 

2.         AMICUS .  Comte.  The acts of the Council of Narbonne 778 name "…Amicum Magalonensem comitem" as a witness for Justin Bishop of Agde[1201]

 

3.         ROBERT .  A charter of Emperor Louis I "le Pieux" in favour of Argemire Bishop of Maguelone names "…in territorio Magalonensi…sicuti eam Robertus comes"[1202]

 

4.         ADOLPHE .  A charter of Emperor Louis I "le Pieux" ordered the execution of his orders by Adolphe which his predecessor Comte Robert had not completed "in pago Juviniaco et apud Juncherias"[1203]

 

5.         ERNEST .  A necrology of the church of Substantion names comte Ernest[1204]

 

6.         EVERARD .  An inventory of assets at the time of the separation of Montpellier into the bourgs of Montpellier and Montpellieret, dated to [812/17] names comte Everard[1205]

 

7.         --- (-before 26 Jan 899 or [922]).  m GUILLEMETTE [Willelma], daughter of --- (-after 26 Jan 899 or [922]).  The testament of "Guillerma", dated 26 Jan [922] ("anno III regnante Carlo rege"), chooses her burial "in ecclesia Sancti Petri sedis Magalone", and names "Bernardo comiti filio suo"[1206].  The document is dated 29 Jan 899 in the cartulary of Maguelone[1207].  The names of her descendants suggests a relationship with the family of St Guillaume.  One child: 

a)         BERNARD [I] .  The testament of "Guillerma" is dated 26 Jan [922], chooses her burial "in ecclesia Sancti Petri sedis Magalone", and names "Bernardo comiti filio suo"[1208].  The document is dated 29 Jan 899 in the cartulary of Maguelone[1209]Comte de Melgueil et de Substantion.  m ---.  The name of Bernard's wife is not known.  Bernard [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          BERENGER [I] (-[947/80]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Melgueilm GUISLE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Berenger [I] & his wife had two children: 

(a)       BERENGER [II]  (-before 980).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Melgueil[1210]

(b)       BERNARD [II] (-before 989).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Melgueil

-         see below

ii)         [GUILLAUME (Willelmus)][1211].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.] 

iii)        BLITGARDIS .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m ---.  Four children: 

(a)       PONS (-before 988).  Fulcran Bishop of Lodève, in his testament dated 988, donated property for the soul of "Pontii germani mei et…Guidonis", specifying that had received vineyards from Guy[1212].

(b)       FULCRAN [Fulchramnus] (-13 Feb 1006).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He was educated by Thierry Bishop of Lodève, and was archdeacon of Maguelone at the time of his mentor's death 7 Jan 949.  He was elected as Bishop of Lodève 7 Feb 940.  Testified 988[1213]

(c)       daughter .  Arnaud de Verdale, a later bishop of Maguelone, recorded that the domains of Montpellier and Montpelléret ("Montispessulani et Montispessualanuli ville cum adjacentiis suis") were donated to the church of Maguelone by "due quondam…sorores, altera quarum Montempessulanum, Montempessulanulum altera" and that "Fulcranus, a Substantionensium comitum stemmate maternum sanguinem ducens, Magalonensis archidiaconus, gloriosissimus postmodum Lodovensis episcopus" was their brother[1214]same person as…?  ENGELRADA [Ingilrada/Aurucia] (-after 975).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Granddaughter of Bernard [I] Comte de Melgueil.  Settipani suggests that the wife of Guy was the daughter of an otherwise unknown son of Comte Bernard named Guillaume.  However, as Guy was subsequently enfeoffed with the part originally called Montpellier by Bishop Ricuin[1215], it seems more reasonable to suppose that his wife was one of the original donors.  This of course assumes that the later report of the donation is accurate.  m GUY, son of ---.  

(d)       daughter .  Arnaud de Verdale, a later bishop of Maguelone, recorded that the domains of Montpellier and Montpelléret ("Montispessulani et Montispessualanuli ville cum adjacentiis suis") were donated to the church of Maguelone by "due quondam…sorores, altera quarum Montempessulanum, Montempessulanulum altera" and that "Fulcranus, a Substantionensium comitum stemmate maternum sanguinem ducens, Magalonensis archidiaconus, gloriosissimus postmodum Lodovensis episcopus" was their brother[1216]

 

 

BERNARD [II] de Melgueil, son of BERENGER [I] Comte de Melgeuil & his wife Guisle --- (-before 989).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Melgueil.  "Bernardus comes et uxor mea Senegundis" donated property "in civitatis Magalonensis in suburbia castri Substantionensis in terminio de villa Candianicus…et in terminio de Monte-Pestellario" to "Guillelmo" by charter dated 26 Nov 985[1217]

m SENEGONDE, daughter of ---.  "Bernardus comes et uxor mea Senegundis" donated property "in civitatis Magalonensis in suburbia castri Substantionensis in terminio de villa Candianicus…et in terminio de Monte-Pestellario" to "Guillelmo" by charter dated 26 Nov 985[1218].  Settipani suggests that her name suggests a close relationship with the family of Rouergue[1219].  "Senegundis comitissa et filius meus Petrus episcopus et nepos meus Bernardus comes et alius nepos meus Petrus et nepotes meae Adalais, et Constancia et Willelma" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Guillem under her testament dated 20 Feb [989][1220]

Comte Bernard [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         son (-[26 Nov 985/20 Feb 989]).  His existence, and death before his mother, is confirmed by the testament dated 20 Feb [989] under which "Senegundis comitissa et filius meus Petrus episcopus et nepos meus Bernardus comes et alius nepos meus Petrus et nepotes meae Adalais, Constancia et Willelma" donated property[1221].  It is not known whether he also predeceased his father, in which case the succession to Melgueil would have passed directly to his son.  Settipani suggests that his name may have been Bérenger[1222]m ---.  The name of his wife is not known.  --- de Melgueil & his wife had five children: 

a)         BERNARD [III] (-before 1048).  "Senegundis comitissa et filius meus Petrus episcopus et nepos meus Bernardus comes et alius nepos meus Petrus et nepotes meae Adalais, et Constancia et Willelma" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Guillem under her testament dated 20 Feb [989][1223].  He succeeded as Comte de Melgueil in 989 or before.  "Bernardus comes" donated the church of Sainte-Croix de Melgueil to the monastery of Cluse by charter dated 27 Jul 1010[1224]m ADELA [Sala], daughter of ---.  Ctss de Substantion 23 Dec 1066.  "Adella comitissa et filius meus Raimundus et uxor eius Beatrix" donated property to the church of Maguelone by charter dated 24 Dec 1055[1225].  Comte Bernard [III] & his wife had one child: 

i)          RAYMOND [I] (-before 1079).  "Adella comitissa et filius meus Raimundus et uxor eius Beatrix" donated property to the church of Maguelone by charter dated 24 Dec 1055[1226]Comte de Melgueil

-         see below

b)         PIERRE .  "Senegundis comitissa et filius meus Petrus episcopus et nepos meus Bernardus comes et alius nepos meus Petrus et nepotes meae Adalais, et Constancia et Willelma" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Guillem under her testament dated 20 Feb [989][1227]

c)         ADELAIS .  "Senegundis comitissa et filius meus Petrus episcopus et nepos meus Bernardus comes et alius nepos meus Petrus et nepotes meae Adalais, et Constancia et Willelma" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Guillem under her testament dated 20 Feb [989][1228]

d)         CONSTANCE .  "Senegundis comitissa et filius meus Petrus episcopus et nepos meus Bernardus comes et alius nepos meus Petrus et nepotes meae Adalais, et Constancia et Willelma" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Guillem under her testament dated 20 Feb [989][1229].  

e)         GUILLEMETTE .  "Senegundis comitissa et filius meus Petrus episcopus et nepos meus Bernardus comes et alius nepos meus Petrus et nepotes meae Adalais, et Constancia et Willelma" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Guillem under her testament dated 20 Feb [989][1230]

2.         PIERRE (-1025 or after).  "Senegundis comitissa et filius meus Petrus episcopus et nepos meus Bernardus comes et alius nepos meus Petrus et nepotes meae Adalais, et Constancia et Willelma" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Guillem under her testament dated 20 Feb [989][1231].  Bishop of Maguelone 979-1025.  "Rodgarius comes…cum Adalissa comitissa conjuge mea et Regimundo sobole" donated property "alodem meum de Corniliano" to the monastery of Saint-Hilaire, Carcassonne by charter dated 979, signed by "Adalaissæ comitissæ, Arnaudi comitis […], Regimundi sobolis meæ"[1232].  Jaurgain points out that the words "filii Adalisse, Petri episcopi et comitis" should be added in the subscription list (where shown by square brackets) stating that they were omitted from the edition of the charter quoted in the third edition of the Histoire Générale de Languedoc[1233]

3.         [ADELAIS (-after 1011).  "Rodgarius comes…cum Adalissa comitissa conjuge mea et Regimundo sobole" donated property "alodem meum de Corniliano" to the monastery of Saint-Hilaire, Carcassonne by charter dated 979, signed by "Adalaissæ comitissæ, Arnaudi comitis […], Regimundi sobolis meæ"[1234].  The origin of the wife of Roger [I] Comte de Carcassonne is unknown, although her first marriage is indicated by the reference to her son, presumably by this earlier marriage, in the charter just cited.  Stasser has suggested that she was the daughter of Bernard Comte de Melgueil and his wife Sénégonde [de Rouergue], based on onomastic arguments[1235].  He suggests that "Petrus episcopus et comes" who subscribed the 979 charter may have been Pierre de Melgueil bishop of Maguelone, who would have been Adelais's brother.]  m firstly ---.  The name of Adelais's first husband is not known.  m secondly (before Apr 970) ROGER [I] "le Vieux" Comte de Carcassonne, son of ARNAUD Comte de Comminges et de Couserans & his wife Arsinde de Carcassonne (-after Apr 1011).  Adelais & her first husband had one child: 

a)         ARNAUD (-after 979).  "Rodgarius comes…cum Adalissa comitissa conjuge mea et Regimundo sobole" donated property "alodem meum de Corniliano" to the monastery of Saint-Hilaire, Carcassonne by charter dated 979, signed by "Adalaissæ comitissæ, Arnaudi comitis […], Regimundi sobolis meæ"[1236].  Jaurgain points out that the words "filii Adalisse, Petri episcopi et comitis" should be added in the subscription list (where shown by square brackets) stating that they were omitted from the edition of the charter quoted in the third edition of the Histoire Générale de Languedoc[1237]

 

 

RAYMOND [I] de Melgueil, son of BERNARD [III] Comte de Melgueil & his wife Adela [Sala] --- (-before 1079)Comte de Melgueil.  "Adella comitissa et filius meus Raimundus et uxor eius Beatrix" donated property to the church of Maguelone by charter dated 24 Dec 1055[1238]

m (before 1055) BEATRIX, daughter of --- (-[1109]).  "Adella comitissa et filius meus Raimundus et uxor eius Beatrix" donated property to the church of Maguelone by charter dated 1055[1239].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[1240]., she was Beatrix de Poitou, daughter of GUILLAUME V "le Grand" Duke of Aquitaine [GUILLAUME III Comte de Poitou] & his third wife Agnes de Macon.  She is not named among the children of Duke Guillaume V by Richard[1241].  If she was the daughter of Duke Guillaume, it seems surprising that she was married to a relatively obscure local nobleman, especially in light of the high profile marriage of her supposed sister Agnes with the King of Germany.  "Petrus comes…filius Raymundo comite, genetrice…mea Beatrice" donated property to the church of Maguelone by charter dated 23 Jul 1079, signed by "uxore sua Adalmudis"[1242]

Comte Raymond [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         PIERRE de Melgueil (-after 27 Apr 1085)Comte de Melgueil.  "Petrus comes…filius Raymundo comite, genetrice…mea Beatrice" donated property to the church of Maguelone by charter dated 23 Jul 1079, signed by "uxore sua Adalmudis"[1243].  A charter dated to [1080] records an agreement between "Petrus comes" and "Guillelmo de Montepessulano et…Guillelmo-Aimono et…infantibus suis" to settle disputes and includes the betrothal of "filiam suam" and "Guillelmum suprascriptum"[1244].  "Comes Petrus et uxor sua Almodis" restored rights over "Castellum novum et…taverna de Sustancione" to the church of Maguelone by charter dated to [1183][1245].  "Petrus Substantionis comes filius Beatricis et uxor mea Almodis" donated property to the church of Maguelone by charter dated Jan 1083[1246].  "Petrus…comes Melguoriensis…cum uxore mea Almodis et filiis meis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated 26 Feb 1083[1247].  "Petrus comes Melgoriensis" donated "comitatum Substantionem Quam episcopatum Magalonensem" to Pope Gregory VII, who regranted him the counties for life, by charter dated 27 Apr 1085, subscribed by "Adalmodis comitissa, Raymundus comes filius eius"[1248]m ([1065] ALMODIS de Toulouse, daughter of PONS Comte de Toulouse & his second wife Almodis de la Marche (-after 1132).  "Petrus comes…filius Raymundo comite, genetrice…mea Beatrice" donated property to the church of Maguelone by charter dated 23 Jul 1079, signed by "uxore sua Adalmudis"[1249].  "Petrus Substantionis comes filius Beatricis et uxor mea Almodis" donated property to the church of Maguelone by charter dated Jan 1083[1250].  "Petrus…comes Melguoriensis…cum uxore mea Almodis et filiis meis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated 26 Feb 1083[1251].  "Petrus comes Melgoriensis" donated "comitatum Substantionem Quam episcopatum Magalonensem" to Pope Gregory VII, who regranted him the counties for life, by charter dated 27 Apr 1085, subscribed by "Adalmodis comitissa, Raymundus comes filius eius"[1252].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  The testament of “Bernardus comes Melgorii” dated 1132 was made in the presence of “…comitissa avia mea…[1253], although this could possibly refer to the testator´s maternal grandmother who has not otherwise been identified.  Comte Pierre & his wife had four children: 

a)         RAYMOND de Melgueil (-[1120]).  "Petrus comes Melgoriensis" donated "comitatum Substantionem Quam episcopatum Magalonensem" to Pope Gregory VII, who regranted him the counties for life, by charter dated 27 Apr 1085, subscribed by "Adalmodis comitissa, Raymundus comes filius eius"[1254]Comte de Melgueil.  Minor in 1085.  A charter dated 8 Sep 1099 records an agreement between the bishop of Maguelone and "Raimundus Melgoriensis comes"[1255].  Crusader 1109.  "Raimundus comes Melgoriensis" made his testament "ire volens in Jerusalem" dated to [1110], naming "soror mea Adala", and referring to but not naming his wife and his son[1256]m MARIE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1122] under which her son “Bernard coms de Melgor, fils de Marie” swore allegiance to “Guillelm de Montpesler fil d´Ermessens[1257].  Comte Raymond & his wife had one child: 

i)          BERNARD [IV] de Melgueil (-St Chaffre-en-Velay 1132)Comte de Melgueil.  “Bernard coms de Melgor, fils de Marie” swore allegiance to “Guillelm de Montpesler fil d´Ermessens” by charter dated to [1122][1258].  "Bernardi comitis Melgoriensis fili Mariæ" is named in his daughter's marriage contract dated 1132[1259].  “Bernardus comes Melgorii et…Guillelma comitissa” donated property to the church of Saint-Romain de Melgueil by charter dated Sep 1128[1260].  The testament of “Bernardus comes Melgorii” dated 1132 was made in the presence of “…comitissa avia mea…” and elects burial “ad monasterium S. Theofredi[1261]m (contract 1120) GUILLEMETTE de Montpellier, daughter of GUILLAUME [V] Seigneur de Montpellier & his wife Ermesende ---.  The marriage contract between “Guillelmus de Montepessulano…filia mea…Guillelmam” and “Raimundo Melgoriensi comiti” is dated 1120[1262], (dated 18 Jan 1121 in the cartulaire of Maguelone[1263]), "Raimundo" presumably being an error for "Bernardo".  “Bernardus comes Melgorii et…Guillelma comitissa” donated property to the church of Saint-Romain de Melgueil by charter dated Sep 1128[1264].  Comte Bernard [IV] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       BEATRIX de Melgueil ([1124]-1190 or after).  Alphonse Comte de Toulouse and Guillaume [V] Seigneur de Montpellier agreed terms relating to the county of Melgueil by charter dated 1132, agreeing that they would agree on the marriage of “filia Bernardi Melgoriensis comitis” in six years time[1265].  Berenger Raymond Comte de Provence and Guillaume [V] Seigneur de Montpellier agreed terms relating to the marriage of “Beatrix filia sororis tuæ Guillelmæ”, provided that, if Beatrix died under the age of 12, Berenger Raymond would marry “filiam tuam[1266].  She succeeded her father in 1132 as Ctss de Melgueil.  Under a charter dated 1135 “Berengarius.Raimundi filius Dulciæ comes Melgoriensis et marchio Provinciæ et…Beatrix filia Guillelmæ” agreed to pay a debt owed by "Bernardus comes pater Beatricis" to "Guillelmo Montispessulani filio Ermessendis" relating to the county of Melgueil[1267].  Her second marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Mar [1145/46] under which "Beatrix Melgoriensis comitissa filia Guillelme et Bernardi, felicis memorie comitis Mergoriensis" and "Bernardus Peleti comes maritus hujus Beatricis" recognised obligations to "Guillelmo Montispessulani filio Ermessendis" previously agreed by "Bernardus comes, pater mei Beatricis"[1268].  "Bernardus Pileti comes Melgoriensis" donated property "in manso de Caprarecia" to Aniane, with the consent of "comitisse uxoris mee Beatricis", by charter dated 1158[1269]m firstly (betrothed 1132, 1135) BERENGER RAYMOND Comte de Provence, son of RAMÓN BERENGUER III "el Grande" Conde de Barcelona & his third wife Doucia [Dulcia/Dulce] de Gévaudan Ctss de Provence (-murdered Melgueil Mar 1144).  He was killed in a naval battle near Mauguio.  m secondly (before Mar 1146) BERNARD Pelet d'Alais, son of RAYMOND de Narbonne-Pelet dit "le Croisé" & his wife Agnes --- (-[1170/72]).  Comte de Melgueil, de iure uxoris

b)         PONS de Melgueil (-Sept-Salles 28 Dec 1125, bur Saint-André).  The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records the succession in 1109 of "Pontius filius comitis Mirguliæ" as abbot of Cluny[1270].  Abbot of Cluny 1109.  Orderic Vitalis records "Pontius son of the count of Melgueil" succeeding to the abbacy of Cluny after the death of abbot Hugues 29 Apr 1109[1271].  In a later passage, he records that Pontius abbot of Cluny was accused, by certain monks who complained to Pope Calixtus II, of being "violent and extravagant in his conduct and was recklessly dissipating the monastic revenues in vain litigation".  He then resigned his office and set out on pilgrimage to Jerusalem[1272].  The Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis records that "Pontius frater Comitis de Melgoire" was captured and held in "turre…Septem-Salas" where he died "V Kal Jan", and that he was buried "quasi pauper…apud S. Andream"[1273]

c)         ERMESSENDE de Melgueil (-after 5 Jun 1156).  A charter dated to [1080] records an agreement between "Petrus comes" and "Guillelmo de Montepessulano et…Guillelmo-Aimono et…infantibus suis" to settle disputes and includes the betrothal of "filiam suam" and "Guillelmum suprascriptum"[1274].  Her name is confirmed by her son's charter which names him "Guillelmus de Montispessulano, filius Ermesende"[1275].  The testament of “Guillelmus de Omellacio”, dated 5 Jun 1156, bequeathes “usumfructum honoris...de Valle“ to “matri meæ Ermesendi[1276]m (Betrothed [1080]) GUILLAUME [V] Seigneur de Montpellier, son of GUILLAUME [IV] Seigneur de Montpellier & his wife Ermengarde de Melgueil (-before 21 Feb 1122). 

d)         ADELA de Melgueil .  "Raimundus comes Melgoriensis" made his testament "ire volens in Jerusalem" dated to [1110], naming "soror mea Adala", and referring to but not naming his wife and his son[1277].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m PIERRE du Puy

2.         JUDITH de Melgueil (-30 Apr after [1096]).  "Philippa" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "domni Wilelmi senioris mei ac filiorum meorum…Wilelmi, Pontii" and "pro Rotberto comite filio meo", by undated charter, subscribed by "Rotberti comitis…uxoris eius Judith"[1278].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified, although it is indicated by the charter of Pons [de Melgueil] Abbot of Cluny who names Judith “amitam suam” (see below).  "Rotbertus comes Arvernorum" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei Willelmi, matrisque meæ Philippæ, necnon et fratrum meorum…Willelmi et Pontii", by charter dated 18 Apr 1069 subscribed by "uxoris meæ comitisse Judit"[1279].  "Robertus…comes…Arvernensis" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitorum suorum Guillelmi et Philipiæ et uxoris suæ Judetæ", by undated charter[1280].  She became a nun at Saint-Pierre de Cornillon, Grenoble after her husband died[1281].  The necrology of the priory of Saint-Robert de Cornillon, Grenoble records the death "II Kal Mai" of "Judeta monacha comitissa Arvernensis"[1282]m (before 14 May 1068) as his second wife, ROBERT [II] Comte d'Auvergne, son of GUILLAUME [V] Comte d'Auvergne et de Clermont & his wife Philippa --- (-[1096]). 

3.         [ERMENGARDE .  Her son names his mother "Guillelmus filius Ermengardæ dominus Montispessulani" in a charter dated 1093[1283].  She is often stated to be the daughter of Raymond [I] Comte de Melgueil & his wife Beatrix [de Poitou].  The documentation on which this is based has not yet been identified and it seems unlikely to be correct considering that her son´s wife would have been her niece.  Her second marriage being confirmed by the testament dated 1114 made “pergens contra paganos ad expugnandam Majoricam insulam”, by her son “Guillelmus Montipessulani” which bequeathed “castellum d´Omelas” to “Bernardo de Andusia fratri meo et infantibus suis[1284]Europäische Stammtafeln interprets this strangely as meaning that Bernard was the son of Guillaume [IV][1285]m firstly BERNARD GUILLAUME [IV] Seigneur de Montpellier, son of GUILLAUME [II] Seigneur de Montpellier & his wife Beliarde --- (-[1085]).  m secondly RAYMOND Seigneur d'Anduze, son of BERNARD Seigneur d´Anduze & his wife Adelais ---.] 

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de MELGUEIL (NARBONNE-PELET, SEIGNEURS d'ALÈS)

 

 

BERNARD [II] de Narbonne-Pelet, son of RAYMOND de Narbonne-Pelet dit "le Croisé" & his wife Agnes --- (-[1170/72]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Co-seigneur d'Alès {Gard, spelt "Alais" before 1926}.  He took part in the First Crusade.  Comte de Melgueil, de iure uxoris.  "Bernardus Pileti comes Melgoriensis" donated property "in manso de Caprarecia" to Aniane, with the consent of "comitisse uxoris mee Beatricis", by charter dated 1158[1286]

m (before Mar 1146) as her second husband, BEATRIX de Melgueil, widow of BERENGER RAYMOND Comte de Provence, daughter of BERNARD IV Comte de Melgueil ([1124]-1190 or after).  The marriage contract between Berenger Raymond Comte de Provence and “Beatrix filia Guillelmæ” is dated 1135[1287].  Her second marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Mar [1145/46] under which "Beatrix Melgoriensis comitissa filia Guillelme et Bernardi, felicis memorie comitis Mergoriensis" and "Bernardus Peleti comes maritus hujus Beatricis" recognised obligations to "Guillelmo Montispessulani filio Ermessendis" previously agreed by "Bernardus comes, pater mei Beatricis"[1288].  "Bernardus Pileti comes Melgoriensis" donated property "in manso de Caprarecia" to Aniane, with the consent of "comitisse uxoris mee Beatricis", by charter dated 1158[1289].  "Beatrix comitissa Melgorii" divided the county of Melgueil between "filie mee Ermessende" and "Dulcie neptis mee, filie quondam filii mei Raimundi comitis Provincie" by contract dated 1 Apr 1172, which names "Petro Bermundo de Salvis genero meo" and records the betrothal between Dulcie and "Raimundo, duci Narbone, comiti Tolose, marchioni Provincie…filio"[1290].  This was superseded by a second donation: "Beatrix comitissa Melgorii" donated "totum comitatum Melgorii" to "Raymundo duci Narbonæ comiti Tolosæ, marchioni Provinciæ", and granted "filiam meam Hermessindam" in marriage to "filio tuo Raymundo" with the county as dowry with a reservation for "filius eius quem ex Petro Bermundo" and "Dulcia neptis mea, filia quondam fili mei Raymundi comitis Provinciæ", by charter dated 12 Dec 1172, witnessed by "Bermundi de Salve, Bermundi de Vidinobrio, Eleziarii de Usecia, Raymundi eius fratris..."[1291].  On the same day, Ermessende gave her inheritance to her husband.  Ermessende, by her testament dated Sep 1176, granted the county to her husband, and bequeathed an annual income to her mother[1292].  Added at the end of the charter dated 12 Dec 1172, is a certification dated 3 Nov 1176 which confirms that the provisions of the earlier instrument had been completed, witnessed by "Elesyario de Usecia, R. fratre eius, Bermundo de Vidinobrio…B. Atonis vicecomitis Nemausensis…"[1293]

Comte Bernard [II] & his wife had two children: 

1.         BERTRAND Pelet (-1191 or after).  "Bertrandus comes Melgorii filius Beatricis comitissæ Melgorii et Bernardi Peleti comitis Melgorii" granted his property at St Julien de Grabels and St Gervais de Juviniac to "Guillaume de Montpellier fils de Sibille" by charter dated Jun 1171[1294].  Seigneur d'Alès.  Bertrand was disinherited by his mother and unsuccessfully contested the arrangements made in 1172 which resulted in the county of Melgueil being transferred to the counts of Toulouse.  "Comte Bertrand" swore homage to Alfonso II King of Aragon by contract dated Dec 1172[1295], presumably to enlist the king's help against his sister and brother-in-law.  m BONAFOSSE, daughter of --- (-before 25 Mar 1205).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Comte Bertrand & his wife had one child: 

a)         RAYMOND Pelet (-1228 or 1229).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Co-seigneur de La Roquette {alias Viviourès, a castle in Valflaunès, Hérault}[1296]"Raymundus Peleti" swore allegiance to Raymond VI Comte de Toulouse by charter dated 18 Jul 1210 for his possessions "in villa de Alesto"[1297].  "B. de Andusia, filius domini B. de Andusia" swore allegiance to "D. A...dux Narbonæ, comite Tolosæ et domino Montisfortis" for "villæ de Alesto quæ fuit Petri Bermundi" by charter dated 25 Apr 1220 which names "R. Pelet compartiario meo" who (as "Raymundus Pelet") swore similarly by charter dated 15 Apr 1220[1298].  "D. R. Peleti et...domina Sibilia" subscribed a charter by "Bernardus Peleti...filio nostro" dated 3 Jun 1227[1299]m SIBYLLE d'Anduze, daughter of BERNARD [VII] Sire d'Anduze & his wife ---.  "D. R. Peleti et...domina Sibilia" subscribed a charter by "Bernardus Peleti...filio nostro" dated 3 Jun 1227[1300].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  1257.  Comte Raymond & his wife had four children: 

i)          BERNARD Pelet .  "D. R. Peleti et...domina Sibilia" subscribed a charter by "Bernardus Peleti...filio nostro" dated 3 Jun 1227[1301].  Co-seigneur d'Alès and Boucoiran {Gard}.  m TIBURGE, daughter of ---. 

-         SEIGNEURS d'ALES, de BOUCOIRAN {Gard}, de CALMONT d'OLT {Espalion, Aveyron}, de LAVERUNE {Hérault}[1302]

ii)         ALAYSSETTE Pelet (- after 1260).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m GUIGUE MESCHIN [II] de Châteauneuf-de-Randon Seigneur du Tournel, Altier, Montfort {Lozère}. 

iii)        RAYMOND Pelet .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1247/1249. 

iv)       PIERRE Pelet .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

2.         ERMESSENDE Pelet (-Château de Malaucène [Sep/3 Nov] 1176)"Beatrix comitissa Melgorii" divided the county of Melgueil between "filie mee Ermessende" and "Dulcie neptis mee, filie quondam filii mei Raimundi comitis Provincie" by contract dated 1 Apr 1172, which names "Petro Bermundo de Salvis genero meo" and records the betrothal between Dulcie and "Raimundo, duci Narbone, comiti Tolose, marchioni Provincie…filio"[1303].  This was superseded by a second donation: "Beatrix comitissa Melgorii" donated "totum comitatum Melgorii" to "Raymundo duci Narbonæ comiti Tolosæ, marchioni Provinciæ", and granted "filiam meam Hermessindam" in marriage to "filio tuo Raymundo" with the county as dowry with a reservation for "filius eius quem ex Petro Bermundo" and "Dulcia neptis mea, filia quondam fili mei Raymundi comitis Provinciæ", by charter dated 12 Dec 1172, witnessed by "Bermundi de Salve, Bermundi de Vidinobrio, Eleziarii de Usecia, Raymundi eius fratris..."[1304].  On the same day, Ermessende gave her inheritance to her husband.  Ctss de Melgueil 1172.  Ermessende predeceased her mother and, by her testament dated Sep 1176 and read 3 Nov 1176, granted the county to her husband, and bequeathed an annual income to her mother[1305].  Her brother Bertrand de Melgueil, disinherited by their mother, unsuccessfully contested these arrangements.  The Comtes de Toulouse ruled the comté de Melgueil until 1211, when Pope Innocent III enfeoffed it to the Bishop of Maguelone.  m firstly (before Oct 1170) PIERRE BERMOND [IV] Seigneur de Sauve et de Sommières, son of PIERRE BERMOND [III] Seigneur de Sauve & his wife --- (-[1 Apr/11 Dec] 1172).  m secondly (12 Sep 1172) as his first wife, RAYMOND de Toulouse, son of RAYMOND V Comte de Toulouse & his wife Constance de France (27 Oct 1156-Toulouse 2 Aug 1222).  He succeeded his father in 1194 as RAYMOND VI Comte de Toulouse, Duc de Narbonne, Marquis de Provence. 

 

 

 

C.      SEIGNEURS de CASTRIES

 

 

1.         --- .  m AUXILIA, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 19 Oct 1123 under which her son "Elisarius de Castriis filius Ausilie...jussione Engeralde uxoris mee" acknowledged allegiance to Aniane for "castello de Salviano"[1306].  Two children: 

a)         DALMAS de Castries (-[1109/1 Jul 1111]).  "Dalmacius et mulier sua Ermessens et Elisiar frater suus…" sold property to the bishop of Maguelone by charter dated 10 Apr 1096[1307].  "…Dalmacii de Castris…" is named as present in the charter dated 8 Sep 1099 which records an agreement between the bishop of Maguelone and "Raimundus Melgoriensis comes"[1308].  "…D. de Castriis…" is named as present in the charter dated 1109 which records an agreement between the bishop of Maguelone and the abbot of Aniane[1309]m ERMESENDE, daughter of --- (-after 10 Apr 1096).  "Dalmacius et mulier sua Ermessens et Elisiar frater suus…" sold property to the bishop of Maguelone by charter dated 10 Apr 1096[1310]

b)         ELZEAR de Castries (-after 22 Oct 1127).  "Dalmacius et mulier sua Ermessens et Elisiar frater suus…" sold property to the bishop of Maguelone by charter dated 10 Apr 1096[1311].  "Elisarius de Castriis" donated the church and town of Crès to the bishop of Maguelone by charter dated 1 Jul 1111[1312].  "Elisiarius et uxor mea Engelrada et infantes nostri" relinquished claims in favour of Bernard Aton Vicomte de Béziers by charter dated 13 Oct 1122[1313].  "Elisarius de Castriis filius Ausilie...jussione Engeralde uxoris mee" acknowledged allegiance to Aniane for "castello de Salviano" by charter dated 19 Oct 1123[1314].  "Elisiarius et…Engelrada uxor eius" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam Sancti Baudilii…juxta villam…Sancti Bricii" to Aniane by "Gaucelinus Arnaldi Biterrensis avus mei Engeraldæ et uxor eius Engeralda avia mea et Guillelmus Arnaldi filius eorum et avunculus meus, Agnes filia eorum et mater mea" by charter dated 29 Oct 1123[1315].  "Elisarius et...Engeralda uxor eius" confirmed donations to Aniane made by "Gaucelmus Alnardi Biterrensis avus mei Engeralde et uxor eius Engeralda avia mea et Guillermus Arnaldi filius eorum et avunculus meus et Agnes filia eorum et mater mea" by charter dated 1 Nov 1223[1316].  "Elisiarius et…Engelrada uxor Elisiarii" donated property inherited from "Guillelmi Arnaldi avunculi Engelradæ" to the abbey of Saint-Thibéry by charter dated 22 Oct 1127[1317]m ENGELRADE de Salvaing, daughter of --- de Salvaing & his wife Agnes de Béziers (-after 22 Oct 1127).  "Elisiarius et uxor mea Engelrada et infantes nostri" relinquished claims in favour of Bernard Aton Vicomte de Béziers by charter dated 13 Oct 1122[1318].  "Elisiarius et…Engelrada uxor eius" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam Sancti Baudilii…juxta villam…Sancti Bricii" to Aniane by "Gaucelinus Arnaldi Biterrensis avus mei Engeraldæ et uxor eius Engeralda avia mea et Guillelmus Arnaldi filius eorum et avunculus meus, Agnes filia eorum et mater mea" by charter dated 29 Oct 1123[1319].  "Elisarius et...Engeralda uxor eius" confirmed donations to Aniane made by "Gaucelmus Alnardi Biterrensis avus mei Engeralde et uxor eius Engeralda avia mea et Guillermus Arnaldi filius eorum et avunculus meus et Agnes filia eorum et mater mea" by charter dated 1 Nov 1223[1320].  "Engilrada filia Agnetis" acknowledged allegiance to Aniane for "castello de Salviano" by charter dated to [1120/40][1321].  "Elisiarius et…Engelrada uxor Elisiarii" donated property inherited from "Guillelmi Arnaldi avunculi Engelradæ" to the abbey of Saint-Thibéry by charter dated 22 Oct 1127[1322].  "Guillelmus Arnaldi de Biterris" acknowledged allegiance to Aniane for "castello de Salviano", confirming actions of "parentes et antecessores mei...Guillermus de Salviano et Engeralda soror eius et Elisiarius maritus predicte Engeralde", by charter dated 1158[1323].  Elzear & his wife had one child: 

i)          AGNES (-[1151/1159][1324]).  "Agnes filia Engeralde" swore allegiance to "Willermum abbatem Anianensem filium Beliardis" for "castello de Salviano" by charter dated 1151, witnessed by "...G. de Salviano et B. fratris eius, A. de Salviano, G. de Salviano..."[1325].  Her first marriage is indicated by the charter dated 10 Jan 1169 under which "Elisarius et...Arnaudus Guillermi fratris eius" (presumably her grandsons) acknowledged allegiance to Aniane for "castello de Salviano", confirming actions of "parentes et antecessores mei...Guillermus de Salviano et Engeralda soror eius et Elisiarius maritus predicte Engeralde et Gaucelmus de Clareto et Agnes uxor eius"[1326]m GAUCELIN de Claret, son of BERNARD GUILLAUME de Montpellier & his wife Senegundis --- (-after 31 Jul 1159).  This couple´s probable descendants are indicated by two charters.  "Elisarius et...Arnaudus Guillermi fratris eius" acknowledged allegiance to Aniane for "castello de Salviano", confirming actions of "parentes et antecessores mei...Guillermus de Salviano et Engeralda soror eius et Elisiarius maritus predicte Engeralde et Gaucelmus de Clareto et Agnes uxor eius" by charter dated 10 Jan 1169[1327].  "Elisarius filius Aladaiz de Cognatio" acknowledged allegiance to Aniane for "castello de Salviano", confirming actions of "parentes et antecessores mei...Guillermus de Salviano et Engeralda soror eius et Elisiarius maritus predicte Engeralde et Gaucelinus de Clareto et Annes uxor eius et Elisarius pater meus et Arnaldus Guillermi avunculus meus" by charter dated 19 Jul 1190[1328]

 

 

2.         RAYMOND [I] de Castries (-after 1137).  "Guillelmus de Cornano" sold property at Gigean to "Raimundo de Castriis" by charter dated Mar 1126[1329].  The bishop of Maguelone granted "feudum…in castello de Gigano" to "Raimundo de Castriis" by charter dated 1137[1330]m GUILLELME, daughter of --- (-after [1155/60]).  An undated charter, dated to [1155/60], records an agreement between the bishop of Maguelone and "Guillelmam et Raimundum de Castriis maritus suum" concerning Gigean, which names "Raymons de Castrias filz de Guilhelma…Raymon de Castrias mon payre"[1331].  Raymond [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         RAYMOND [II] de Castries .  An undated charter, dated to [1155/60], records an agreement between the bishop of Maguelone and "Guillelmam et Raimundum de Castriis maritus suum" concerning Gigean, which names "Raymons de Castrias filz de Guilhelma…Raymon de Castrias mon payre"[1332].  "Bernardus Peleti comes Melgorii et…Bertrandus comes filius eius" granted the right to hold a market at Montlaur to "…Raimundo de Castriis et fratribus tuis Petro de Castriis et Poncio de Castriis, filiis quondam Raimundi de Castriis, et…Petro de Castriis et fratribus tuis Raimundo de Castriis et Guillelmo de Castriis, filiis quondam Beatricis uxoris Guillelmi de Castriis…" by charter dated 1170[1333]

b)         PIERRE de Castries .  "Bernardus Peleti comes Melgorii et…Bertrandus comes filius eius" granted the right to hold a market at Montlaur to "…Raimundo de Castriis et fratribus tuis Petro de Castriis et Poncio de Castriis, filiis quondam Raimundi de Castriis, et…Petro de Castriis et fratribus tuis Raimundo de Castriis et Guillelmo de Castriis, filiis quondam Beatricis uxoris Guillelmi de Castriis…" by charter dated 1170[1334]

c)         PONS de Castries .  "Bernardus Peleti comes Melgorii et…Bertrandus comes filius eius" granted the right to hold a market at Montlaur to "…Raimundo de Castriis et fratribus tuis Petro de Castriis et Poncio de Castriis, filiis quondam Raimundi de Castriis, et…Petro de Castriis et fratribus tuis Raimundo de Castriis et Guillelmo de Castriis, filiis quondam Beatricis uxoris Guillelmi de Castriis…" by charter dated 1170[1335]

 

3.         GUILLAUME de Castries (-before 1170).  m BEATRIX, daughter of --- (-after 1170).  "Bernardus Peleti comes Melgorii et…Bertrandus comes filius eius" granted the right to hold a market at Montlaur to "…Raimundo de Castriis et fratribus tuis Petro de Castriis et Poncio de Castriis, filiis quondam Raimundi de Castriis, et…Petro de Castriis et fratribus tuis Raimundo de Castriis et Guillelmo de Castriis, filiis quondam Beatricis uxoris Guillelmi de Castriis…" by charter dated 1170[1336].  Guillaume & his wife had three children: 

a)         PIERRE de Castries .  "Bernardus Peleti comes Melgorii et…Bertrandus comes filius eius" granted the right to hold a market at Montlaur to "…Raimundo de Castriis et fratribus tuis Petro de Castriis et Poncio de Castriis, filiis quondam Raimundi de Castriis, et…Petro de Castriis et fratribus tuis Raimundo de Castriis et Guillelmo de Castriis, filiis quondam Beatricis uxoris Guillelmi de Castriis…" by charter dated 1170[1337]

b)         RAYMOND de Castries .  "Bernardus Peleti comes Melgorii et…Bertrandus comes filius eius" granted the right to hold a market at Montlaur to "…Raimundo de Castriis et fratribus tuis Petro de Castriis et Poncio de Castriis, filiis quondam Raimundi de Castriis, et…Petro de Castriis et fratribus tuis Raimundo de Castriis et Guillelmo de Castriis, filiis quondam Beatricis uxoris Guillelmi de Castriis…" by charter dated 1170[1338]

c)         GUILLAUME de Castries .  "Bernardus Peleti comes Melgorii et…Bertrandus comes filius eius" granted the right to hold a market at Montlaur to "…Raimundo de Castriis et fratribus tuis Petro de Castriis et Poncio de Castriis, filiis quondam Raimundi de Castriis, et…Petro de Castriis et fratribus tuis Raimundo de Castriis et Guillelmo de Castriis, filiis quondam Beatricis uxoris Guillelmi de Castriis…" by charter dated 1170[1339]

 

4.         GUILLAUME Arnaud de Béziers (-after 1158).  "Guillelmus Arnaldi de Biterris" acknowledged allegiance to Aniane for "castello de Salviano", confirming actions of "parentes et antecessores mei...Guillermus de Salviano et Engeralda soror eius et Elisiarius maritus predicte Engeralde" by charter dated 1158[1340]

 

 

5.         BERNARD de Castries (-before 1182).  m SURIANE, daughter of --- (-after 1182).  "Suriana uxor quondam Bernardi de Castris" confirmed donations to Aniane "per infantes meos" by charter dated 1182[1341]

 

 

6.         DALMAS de Castriesm CECILIA, daughter of ---.  Dalmas & his wife had one child: 

a)         ERMESENDE de Castries (-1157).  "Guillelmus de Tortosa" granted property "in Sosteniensem {Substantion, Hérault}" to "uxori mee…Ermessens" by undated charter[1342].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified, although her husband's testament clarifies that "castrum…de Castriis" was inherited from her father.  She died in childbirth[1343]m (contract Jul 1153) GUILLAUME de Montpellier "de Tortosa", son of GUILLAUME [VI] Seigneur de Montpellier & his wife Sibila [del Vasto] (-after 1157). 

 

 

 

D.      VICOMTES de LODEVE

 

 

1.         HILDUIN, son of --- .  m ---.  The name of Hilduin's wife is not known.  Hilduin & his wife had [one possible child]:

a)         [LIUTHARD ([870]-after 926).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  m SENEGONDE, daughter of ---.  "Ildinus" donated property to Aniane for "parentes meos...defuncti...genitore meo Lautardo et genetrice mea.Senegunde et filios meos et filias uxore mea Archimberta" by charter dated 8 Oct 972 subscribed by "...Allidulfo, Ermengaudo, Odone..."[1344].  Liuthard & his wife had one child: 

i)          HILDUIN ([925]-before 28 Jun 983).  "Gariberga et Hildinus vicecomes et Ado vicecomes" donated "alodem…in Substantionense in villa…Mairanichos" to "ecclesiæ Sancti Salvatoris Gellonensis" by charter dated 961[1345].  "Ildinus" donated property to Aniane for "parentes meos...defuncti...genitore meo Lautardo et genetrice mea.Senegunde et filios meos et filias uxore mea Archimberta" by charter dated 8 Oct 972 subscribed by "...Allidulfo, Ermengaudo, Odone..."[1346].  Vicomte in Lodève {Hérault}.  "Hildinus vicecomes et uxor mea Archimberta et filii nostri Ermengaudus, Adilulfus et Oddo" exchanged property with the abbey of Saint-Guillem du Désert by charter dated 31 Mar 982[1347]m ARCHIMBERTE, daughter of --- ([930-after 4 Jun 986).  "Ildinus" donated property to Aniane for "parentes meos...defuncti...genitore meo Lautardo et genetrice mea.Senegunde et filios meos et filias uxore mea Archimberta" by charter dated 8 Oct 972 subscribed by "...Allidulfo, Ermengaudo, Odone..."[1348].  "Hildinus vicecomes et uxor mea Archimberta et filii nostri Ermengaudus, Adilulfus et Oddo" exchanged property with the abbey of Saint-Guillem du Désert by charter dated 31 Mar 982[1349].  "Archimberta, vicecomitissa, et fillii mei, Allidulfus et Oddo et Teugardis qui fuit uxor Ermengaudi filii mei, qui fuit olim" donated property to Aniane by charter dated 28 Jun 983, subscribed by "Archimberta et Allidulfi et Oddonis et Teugardis ... S. Ricardi ..."[1350].  "Archimberta" donated property to Aniane, for the souls of "parentes meos qui defuncti sunt, id est genitore meo et genetrice mea et filios et filias meas et viro meo Ildinone qui fuit quondam", by charter dated 4 Jun 986, signed by "Odonis, Atonis, Siwini, Gifredi"[1351].  Hilduin & his wife had four children (according to Duhamel-Amado[1352] other children who died before 986 had issue in the local nobility, notably Gignac and Deux-Vierges {Hérault}):

(a)       ALIDULF .  "Ildinus" donated property to Aniane for "parentes meos...defuncti...genitore meo Lautardo et genetrice mea.Senegunde et filios meos et filias uxore mea Archimberta" by charter dated 8 Oct 972 subscribed by "...Allidulfo, Ermengaudo, Odone..."[1353].  "Hildinus vicecomes et uxor mea Archimberta et filii nostri Ermengaudus, Adilulfus et Oddo" exchanged property with the abbey of Saint-Guillem du Désert by charter dated 31 Mar 982[1354].  "Archimberta, vicecomitissa, et fillii mei, Allidulfus et Oddo et Teugardis qui fuit uxor Ermengaudi filii mei, qui fuit olim" donated property to Aniane by charter dated 28 Jun 983, subscribed by "Archimberta et Allidulfi et Oddonis et Teugardis ... S. Ricardi ..."[1355].  Vicomte in Lodève 972-983. 

(b)       ERMENGAUD (-[31 Mar 982/28 Jun 983]).  "Ildinus" donated property to Aniane for "parentes meos...defuncti...genitore meo Lautardo et genetrice mea.Senegunde et filios meos et filias uxore mea Archimberta" by charter dated 8 Oct 972 subscribed by "...Allidulfo, Ermengaudo, Odone..."[1356].  "Hildinus vicecomes et uxor mea Archimberta et filii nostri Ermengaudus, Adilulfus et Oddo" exchanged property with the abbey of Saint-Guillem du Désert by charter dated 31 Mar 982[1357].  Vicomte in Lodève.  m TEUDGARDIS, daughter of --- (-after 28 Jun 983).  "Archimberta, vicecomitissa, et fillii mei, Allidulfus et Oddo et Teugardis qui fuit uxor Ermengaudi filii mei, qui fuit olim" donated property to Aniane by charter dated 28 Jun 983, subscribed by "Archimberta et Allidulfi et Oddonis et Teugardis ... S. Ricardi ..."[1358]

(c)       ODON (-after [1000]).  "Ildinus" donated property to Aniane for "parentes meos...defuncti...genitore meo Lautardo et genetrice mea.Senegunde et filios meos et filias uxore mea Archimberta" by charter dated 8 Oct 972 subscribed by "...Allidulfo, Ermengaudo, Odone..."[1359].  "Hildinus vicecomes et uxor mea Archimberta et filii nostri Ermengaudus, Adilulfus et Oddo" exchanged property with the abbey of Saint-Guillem du Désert by charter dated 31 Mar 982[1360].  "Archimberta, vicecomitissa, et fillii mei, Allidulfus et Oddo et Teugardis qui fuit uxor Ermengaudi filii mei, qui fuit olim" donated property to Aniane by charter dated 28 Jun 983, subscribed by "Archimberta et Allidulfi et Oddonis et Teugardis ... S. Ricardi ..."[1361]Vicomte de Lodève.  "Archimberta" donated property to Aniane, for the souls of "parentes meos qui defuncti sunt, id est genitore meo et genetrice mea et filios et filias meas et viro meo Ildinone qui fuit quondam", by charter dated 4 Jun 986, signed by "Odonis, Atonis, Siwini, Gifredi"[1362].  It is not certain that the subscriber "Odonis" was the donor´s son.  "Odo vicecomes" donated property "in comitatu Lutevense in terminium villa…Baïas quem Hildinus pater meus" acquited from "Ardemando" to the abbey of Saint-Guillem du Désert, with the consent of "uxore mea Chimberga", by charter dated to [1000][1363]m firstly BELLA, daughter of ---.  m secondly CHIMBERGE, daughter of ---(-after [1000]).  "Odo vicecomes" donated property "in comitatu Lutevense in terminium villa…Baïas quem Hildinus pater meus" acquited from "Ardemando" to the abbey of Saint-Guillem du Désert, with the consent of "uxore mea Chimberga", by charter dated to [1000][1364]

(d)       NOBILA (-after [1060/71]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Girbertus vicecomes et uxor mea Nobila et filius meus Bernardus" donated "unum mansum in valle…Sers in loco…Kalahc" to Gellone by charter dated 5 Oct [1031/60] [1048?][1365].  “Berengarius vicecomes de Cartlato et uxor mea Adila et mater uxoris meæ Nobilis” founded Montsalvy monastery, with the consent of “filii nostri Ricardus, Girbertus, Raimundus”, by charter dated to [1060/71][1366]m GIRBERT [III] Vicomte de Carlat, son of --- (-after 5 Oct [1048]). 

(e)       daughter(s) .  The fact that Hilduin had more than one daughter is shown by the charter dated 8 Oct 972 under which "Ildinus" donated property to Aniane for "parentes meos...defuncti...genitore meo Lautardo et genetrice mea.Senegunde et filios meos et filias uxore mea Archimberta"[1367]

 

 

 

E.      SEIGNEURS de LODEVE

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Lodève (-[1246/55]).  Seigneur de Lodève"Guillelmus de Lodeva" transferred half his interest in the town of Lodève and in "castro de Monte Bruno" to the bishop of Lodève by charter dated 1213[1368].  A charter dated 1246 records how the bishop of Lodève acquired his rights in "turre…de Monte Bruno" from "Guillelmo de Lodova"[1369]m ---.  The name of Guillaume´s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de LodèveSeigneur de Lodève"Guillelmus de Lodeva, filius quondam domini Guillelmi de Lodova" confirmed the exchanges of property made by "suus pater" with the bishop of Lodève by charter dated 1255[1370].  A charter dated 1268 records the foundation of the chapel of Notre-Dame de Beaulieu by "Guillelmus de Lodeva" and various donations made by bishops of Lodève[1371]

 

 

1.         GUIRAUD de Lodève (-after 15 Jul 1298).  Seigneur de LodèveA charter dated 15 Jul 1298 an agreement between "domini Guiraudi de Lodova" and the town of Lodève regarding various matters[1372]

 

 

 

F.      SEIGNEURS de MONTPELLIER

 

 

Arnaud de Verdale, a later bishop of Maguelone, recorded that the domains of Montpellier and Montpelléret ("Montispessulani et Montispessualanuli ville cum adjacentiis suis") were donated to the church of Maguelone by "due quondam…sorores, altera quarum Montempessulanum, Montempessulanulum altera" and that "Fulcranus, a Substantionensium comitum stemmate maternum sanguinem ducens, Magalonensis archidiaconus, gloriosissimus postmodum Lodovensis episcopus" was their brother[1373].  Soon afterwards Bishop Ricuin enfeoffed Guy with the part which was originally called Montpellier[1374].  The grant was supplemented by the charter dated 26 Nov 985 under which Comte Bernard and his wife Sénégonde granted property "in termino Montepestellario" to Guillaume[1375].  Montpellier was inherited by the kings of Aragon following the marriage of Marie de Montpellier and Pedro II King of Aragon, and was eventually incorporated into the kingdom of Mallorca.  It was transferred to France in 1349. 

 

 

1.         GUY [Wido] (-[975/85]).  Fulcran Bishop of Lodève, in his testament dated 988, donated property for the soul of "Pontii germani mei et…Guidonis", specifying that had received vineyards from Guy[1376]. There is no indication of Fulcran's relationship to Guy, if any, in this document.  However, as discussed below under his wife Engelrada, it is possible that she was Bishop Fulcran's sister.  Later, Guy was granted Montpellier by Bishop Ricuin[1377].  Settipani points out that the purpose of these donations by Bishop Ricuin of Maguelone (which, granted Montpellier to Guy and Montpelliéret to Deodatus and Arenfredus) was to enfeoff the nobles who were related to St Fulcran with land which they had previously donated to his predecessor[1378]m ENGELRADA [Ingilrada/Aurucia][1379], granddaughter of BERNARD [I] Comte de Melgueil, daughter of [--- & his wife Blitgardis].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Granddaughter of Bernard [I] Comte de Melgueil.  Settipani suggests that the wife of Guy was the daughter of an otherwise unknown son of Comte Bernard named Guillaume.  However, as Guy was subsequently enfeoffed with the part originally called Montpellier by Bishop Ricuin[1380], it seems more reasonable to suppose that his wife was one of the original donors.  If this is correct, Engelrada would have been one of the two sisters of Fulcran Bishop of Maguelone whom Arnaud de Verdale, a later bishop of Maguelone, recorded as donors of the domains of Montpellier and Montpelléret (see above, introduction to this Chapter)[1381].  This of course assumes that the later report of the donation is accurate.  "Ingilrada femina" donated property "in comitatu Biterresne in villa Caunas" {Hérault} to Aniane, for "viro meo Widone defuncto et filiis meis Willermo Berengario et Petro", by charter dated 13 Jul [1000][1382].  Guy and his wife had [four] children:   

a)         GUILLAUME [I] ([955]-after 1025).  "Ingilrada femina" donated property "in comitatu Biterresne in villa Caunas" {Hérault} to Aniane, for "viro meo Widone defuncto et filiis meis Willermo Berengario et Petro", by charter dated 13 Jul [1000][1383].  "Bernardus comes et uxor mea Senegundis" donated property "in civitatis Magalonensis in suburbia castri Substantionensis in terminio de villa Candianicus…et in terminio de Monte-Pestellario" to "Guillelmo" by charter dated 26 Nov 985[1384]Seigneur de Montpellier.  Guillaume [I] had no children and was succeeded by his nephew Guillaume. 

b)         BERENGER .  "Ingilrada femina" donated property "in comitatu Biterresne in villa Caunas" {Hérault} to Aniane, for "viro meo Widone defuncto et filiis meis Willermo Berengario et Petro", by charter dated 13 Jul [1000][1385]same person as…?  [BERNARD] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   It is possible that he is the same person as the son referred to in his mother's charter as Bérenger.  m TRUDGARDIS, daughter of --- (-[1020]).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  [Bernard] & his wife had one child: 

i)          GUILLAUME [II] [Bernard] (-before 1059).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded his uncle as Seigneur de Montpellier

-         see below

c)         PIERRE .  "Ingilrada femina" donated property "in comitatu Biterresne in villa Caunas" {Hérault} to Aniane, for "viro meo Widone defuncto et filiis meis Willermo Berengario et Petro", by charter dated 13 Jul [1000][1386]

d)         [GUIDENILDIS .  Her supposed parentage is referred to by Duhamel-Amado who names her husband Engelen[1387], "en" being the Occitan counterpart of the Latin dominus, the name must be northern French "Goloin", from Godaloin, itself derived from the Frankish roots "Gud-al-win"[1388]m as his second wife, GOLOIN du Pouget {Hérault}. 

i)          BERENGER .  "Berengarius lo fil de Guidinel" confirmed that he would not take "lo castel d'el Pojet…en Golen" from "Guillen lo fil de Beliarde" by charter dated [23 May 1059/4 Aug 1060][1389]

 

 

GUILLAUME [II] [Bernard] de Montpellier, son of [BERNARD] & his wife Trudgardis --- (-before 1059).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Willelmus et alius Willelmus qui vocatur Bernardus…" signed the charter dated 1019 under which the abbey of Saint-Geniés was founded, the latter named "fils d'Adelais"[1390]Seigneur de Montpellier

m BELIARDE, daughter of ---.  A charter dated 1058 between Ramón Berenguer [I] Conde de Barcelona and Raimond Bernard Vicomte de Béziers names (posthumously) Guillaume-Bernard as husband of Béliarde[1391]

Guillaume [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [III] de Montpellier (-after 1068).  "Berengarius lo fil de Guidinel" confirmed that he would not take "lo castel d'el Pojet…en Golen" from "Guillen lo fil de Beliarde" by charter dated [23 May 1059/4 Aug 1060][1392]Seigneur de Montpellier

2.         [BERNARD GUILLAUME [IV] de Montpellier (-[1085]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   He was the brother of Guillaume [III] according to Duhamel-Amado[1393] and Baumel[1394], but his son according to Settipani[1395].  1058/1068.  m as her first husband, ERMENGARDE, daughter of (-[1109]).  Her son names his mother "Guillelmus filius Ermengardæ dominus Montispessulani" in a charter dated 1093[1396].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   She is often stated to be Ermengarde de Melgueil, daughter of Raymond [I] Comte de Melgueil & his wife Beatrix [de Poitou].  The documentation on which this is based has not yet been idenfied and it seems unlikely to be correct considering that her son´s wife would have been her niece.  She married secondly Raymond Sire d'Anduze, the marriage being confirmed by the testament dated 1114 made “pergens contra paganos ad expugnandam Majoricam insulam”, by her son “Guillelmus Montipessulani” which bequeathed “castellum d´Omelas” to “Bernardo de Andusia fratri meo et infantibus suis[1397]Europäische Stammtafeln interprets this strangely as meaning that Bernard was the son of Guillaume [IV][1398].  Guillaume [IV] & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME [V] de Montpellier ([1073/74]-before 21 Feb 1122).  A charter dated 20 Dec 1090 records an agreement between the bishop of Maguelone and "Guillelmum de Monte peslier filium Ermengarde"[1399]Seigneur de Montpellier

-        see below

3.         GUILLAUME AIMON de Montpellier (-before 24 Jan 1103).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  A charter dated to [1080] records an agreement between "Petrus comes" and "Guillelmo de Montepessulano et…Guillelmo-Aimono et…infantibus suis" to settle disputes and includes the betrothal of "filiam suam" and "Guillelmum suprascriptum"[1400].  "Guillaume fils d'Ermengarde" confirms a grant of property which "Guillemus Aymonis habuit…de B. Guillelmo avo meo" by charter dated 1103[1401]m ---.  The name of Guillaume Aimon's wife is not known.  Guillaume Aimon & his wife had two children: 

a)         BERNARD GUILLAUME (-after 11 Mar 1119).  The Histoire de Montpellier names "Raymond Guillaume…et Bernard Guillaume" as the children of Guillaume Aimon, without stating the primary source on which this is based, specifying that the latter was ancestor of the vicaires de Montpellier[1402]Vicarius [viguier] of Montpellier.  "Raimundus Guillelmi episcopus Nemausensis et frater eius Bernardus Guillelmi" requested "Montispessulani…vicarium" from "domino suo…Guillelmo Montispessulani" by charter dated 24 Jan 1103[1403].  "Raymundus Guillelmi episcopus Nemausensis et Bernardus frater eius" returned to Guillaume [V] Seigneur de Montpellier the land which the latter had entrusted to them after his return from the First Crusade[1404].  The testament of "Bernardus Guillelmus Montispessulani vicarius", dated 11 Mar 1119, divides his property between "filios meos Guillelmo Aimoino, Gaucelmo de Claret atque Raimundo Aimoino" on leaving for Jerusalem[1405]m SENEGUNDIS, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1150 under which her son "Gaucelmus de Clareto filius Bernardi Guillelmi de Monte pessulano" divided property "de honore qui fuit Bernardi Guillelmi patris mei et avi eorum et Senegundis matris mee et avie eorum" between "Raimundo Aimono et Pelagoz filiis Guillelmi Aimoni nepotibus meis"[1406].  1118.  Bernard Guillaume & his wife had three children: 

i)          GUILLAUME AIMON (-before Apr 1139).  Guillaume [V] Seigneur de Montpellier objected to the proposed marriage of "Faidit mon bourgeois…sa fille…Adelais" and "Guillaume Aymon, fils de Bernard Guillaume, vicaire" until certain questions concerning the payment of dues were resolved, by charter dated 11 Mar [1115][1407].  The testament of "Bernardus Guillelmus Montispessulani vicarius", dated 11 Mar 1119, divides his property between "filios meos Guillelmo Aimoino, Gaucelmo de Claret atque Raimundo Aimoino" on leaving for Jerusalem[1408]Vicarius [viguier] of Montpellier.  m (after 11 Mar [1115]) ADALMODE, daughter of --- & his wife Faidite ---.  "Adalmus filia Faiditi et…Guillelmus Aimoinus maritus eius" renounced claims in favour of "Faidito et…Guillelmo Montispessulani" by charter dated 5 Sep 1113[1409].  Guillaume [V] Seigneur de Montpellier objected to the proposed marriage of "Faidit mon bourgeois…sa fille…Adelais" and "Guillaume Aymon, fils de Bernard Guillaume, vicaire" until certain questions concerning the payment of dues were resolved, by charter dated 11 Mar [1115][1410].  Guillaume Aimon & his wife had three children: 

(a)       GUILLAUME (-after Apr 1139).  Guillaume [VI] Seigneur de Montpellier confirmed the vicariat of Montpellier to "Gaucelin de Claret…ses neveux Guillaume et Raymond Aimon et Pelagos leur frère" by charter dated Apr 1139[1411]

(b)       RAYMOND AIMON (-after Nov 1182).  Guillaume [VI] Seigneur de Montpellier confirmed the vicariat of Montpellier to "Gaucelin de Claret…ses neveux Guillaume et Raymond Aimon et Pelagos leur frère" by charter dated Apr 1139[1412]Vicarius [viguier] of Montpellier.  The vicaires de Montpellier rebelled against Guillaume [VI] Seigneur de Montpellier in 1141, forcing him into exile at Lattes {Hérault}, a harbour in the vicinity of Montpellier, for two years[1413].  "Gaucelmus de Clareto filius Bernardi Guillelmi de Monte pessulano" divided property "de honore qui fuit Bernardi Guillelmi patris mei et avi eorum et Senegundis matris mee et avie eorum" between "Raimundo Aimono et Pelagoz filiis Guillelmi Aimoni nepotibus meis" by charter dated 1150[1414].  The testament of Raymond Aimon dated Nov 1182 requests his burial at Maguelone and names "filium meum Bernardum Guillelmum…filie mee Aimoine…filie mee Adalmus…Alemande filie mee" and speculates on whether "Guillelme uxoris mee" was pregnant"