POMERANIA

  v2.0 Updated 18 February 2011

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 2

Chapter 1.            DUKES of POMERANIA. 4

A.       ORIGINS.. 4

B.       DUKES of POMERANIA.. 7

BOGISLAW I 1181-1187. 7

BOGISLAW II 1187-1220, BARNIM I 1220-1278. 15

C.      DUKES of POMERANIA in WOLGAST [WOŁOGOSZCZ], STOLP [SŁUPSK] and in HINTERPOMMERN 1278. 19

BOGISLAW IV 1278-1309. 19

WARTISLAW IV 1309-1326, BOGISLAW V 1326-1373, KASIMIR IV 1373-1377, WARTISLAW VII 1377-1394, BOGISLAW VIII 1377-1418, BARNIM V 1377-1402, BOGISLAW IX 1418-1446. 20

BARNIM IV 1326-1365, WARTISLAW VI 1365-1394, BOGISLAW VI 1365-1393, WARTISLAW VIII 1394-1415, BARNIM VIII 1415-1451. 23

BARNIM VI 1394-1405, WARTISLAW IX 1405-1457, WARTISLAW X 1457-1478. 25

ERICH II 1457-1474. 26

BOGISLAW X 1474-1523, GEORG I 1523-1531, BARNIM IX 1523-1569. 27

PHILIPP I 1531-1560, JOHANN FRIEDRICH I 1560-1600, BOGISLAW XIII 1560-1606, ERNST LUDWIG I 1560-1592, PHILIPP JULIUS I 1592-1625, BARNIM XII 1560-1603, PHILIPP II 1606-1618, FRANZ I 1618-1620, BOGISLAW XIV 1620-1637. 29

D.      DUKES of POMERANIA in STETTIN [SZCZECIN] 1278-1464. 31

OTTO I 1278-1344, BARNIM III 1344-1368, KASIMIR III 1368-1372, SWANTIBOR I 1372-1413, OTTO II 1413-1428, KASIMIR V 1413-1435, JOACHIIM 1 1435-1451, OTTO III 1451-1464. 31

Chapter 2.            Die SWANTIBORIDEN. 33

Chapter 3.            FÜRSTEN von RÜGEN. 38

A.       FÜRSTEN von RÜGEN.. 38

WIZLAW I, JAROMAR II -1260. 40

WIZLAW II 1261-1302, WIZLAW III 1302-1325. 44

B.       HERREN von GRISTOW... 48

Chapter 4.            HERZOGE von POMMERELLEN [POMORZE] 50

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The Pomeranians emerged in the 9th century as one of the important Slavic tribes in the area of the future state of Poland[1].  They were based in the north around the cities of Wolin, Kamien, Szczecin, Stargard, Pyrzyce, Bialogard and Kolobrzeg.  These new city states were economically more advanced than the rest of Poland, although heavily dependant on maritime trade[2].  They strongly resisted the influence of the Piast dynasty of the Polanian state, but did not at that time develop their own central dynastic leadership[3].  Dzięcioł suggests that "the Slavs", led by the Saxon count Wichmann who was related to Hermann Billung dux in Saxony and whose victories over Mieszko I Prince of Poland in 963 were recorded by the chronicler Widukind of Corvey, may have been western Pomeranians[4]

 

These western Pomeranians were defeated in 967 by the Poles, in alliance with Boleslav I Duke of Bohemia, when Wichmann was killed in battle[5].  This opened a period of increased Polish influence in Pomerania.  The Pomeranians had an organised pagan religion with priests and temples.  After the establishment of the archbishopric of Gniezno in 1000, the bishopric of Kolobrzeg [Kolberg] was founded in Pomerania as part of the new Polish ecclesiastical organisation, with Reinbern as its first bishop.  The western Pomeranians liberated themselves from Piast influence in [1013] during the Polish-German war and the bishopric was abandoned.  The Pomeranians were finally forced to abandon paganism by the Poles in the early 12th century[6]

 

The earliest references to princes in Pomerania date from the mid-11th century.  At that time, two distinct families of rulers can be identified, the descendants of Wartislaw [I], who later became dukes of Pomerania (see Chapter 1.A), and the so-called “Swantiboriez/Swantiboren” family who descended from another Wartislaw, son of Swantibor, who were recorded as castellans of Szczecin and Gützkow in the early 13th century but who died out in the male line before the end of the same century (see Chapter 2).  There are indications that the two families had a common ancestry, as shown in Chapter 1.A, but this has not been confirmed beyond all doubt. 

 

The creation of the duchy of Pomerania was confirmed by Emperor Friedrich I “Barbarossa” in 1181 in favour of Duke Bogislaw I (see Chapter 1.B).  The development of a distinct political identity in Pomerania was encouraged by its geographic separation from the kingdom of Poland which resulted from Brandenburg's expansion to the east in the 13th century, as well as the increasing German influence over the territory which followed.  The territory of the Pomeranian duchy was split between the two sons of Duke Barnim I on his death in 1278.  Barnim´s older son Bogislaw ruled the area to the west known as Vorpommern, with his capital at Wolgast on the Baltic coast on the left bank of the Oder estuary.  This area is today part of the German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.  Barnim´s younger son Otto ruled Hinterpommern to the east, which forms the north-west coastal area of the republic of Poland in the present day.  Otto´s capital was at Stettin (Szczecin) on the left bank of the river Oder, to the south-east of Wolgast.  The duchy of Pomerania-Stettin (see Chapter 1.C) existed as a separate entity until 1464 when it was inherited by the dukes of Pomerania-Wolgast.  Pomerania survived as an independent duchy until 1637.  It was occupied by Sweden during the Thirty Years War and finally incorporated into the kingdom of Prussia after the Napoleonic wars. 

 

The island of Rügen in the Baltic Sea to the north of Wolgast is recorded as a separate principality from the late 12th century (see Chapter 3).  The princes of Rügen were suzerains of the kings of Denmark.  The last independent prince of Rügen died in 1325, when his territory was incorporated into the duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast. 

 

The separate state of Pommerellen (Pomorze in Polish) developed in the 13th century to the east of Hinterpommern, in the northeastern coastal area of present-day Poland (see Chapter 4).  It should be noted that all 13th century charters which are quoted in this document refer to the dukes of Pommerellen/Pomorze as "dux Pomeranorum" (or variants) or "princeps in Dansk", while the dukes of Pomerania are mostly referred to in the same documents as "dux Slavorum".  The last independent prince of Pommerellen bequeathed his principality to one of the Polish princes of the Piast dynasty in 1294.  This was challenged by the Markgrafen of Brandenburg, who were granted Pomorze as a fief in 1306 by Václav II [Wenzel] King of Bohemia who also claimed the Polish throne.  The Poles repelled the Askanian invasion of Gdansk in 1308 with the help of the Teutonic Knights, but the latter subsequently refused to leave the area[7]

 

The reconstruction of the families of the dukes of Pomerania, princes of Rügen and princes of Pomorze in this document is based largely on the genealogies published in Europäische Stammtafeln[8].  In the main, primary sources have not yet been identified to justify the relationships of these families after the late 13th century.  The family of the later dukes of Pomerania has been included in this document for the sake of completeness, even though they fall outside the main chronological scope of Medieval Lands.  The decision has been taken to use the German, rather than Polish, forms for the names of the members of the Pomeranian dynasties in the present document because of the dominant German influence in the area in medieval times. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    DUKES of POMERANIA

 

 

A.      ORIGINS

 

 

[Three] brothers, parents not identified: 

1.         WARTISLAW [I] (-killed Stolp [1135/36]).  A charter dated 3 May 1153, under which Adalbert Bishop of Pomerania confirmed the foundation of Kloster Stolp, states that the site was where "principe…Wartizlauo" had been killed and that "Ratiboro tunc nostre principe" founded the Kloster[9]

-        see below, Part B

2.         RATIBOR [I] (-1155 or 7 May 1156).  His relationship with Wartislaw [I] is confirmed by the charter dated 18 Apr 1177 under which "Boguslaus…Pomeranorum Dux" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao", by charter dated 18 Apr 1177, which names "patruus noster Ratiborus…consorte sua Pribislaua…frater noster Kazimerus"[10], read together with Helmold who records that "Kazemarus et Bugezlavus, duces Pomeranorum" founded Kloster Stolp in memory of "patris sui Wertizlavi"[11].  Adalbert Bishop of Pomerania confirmed the donations to Kloster Grobe made by "domnus Ratiboro cum…coniuge sua Pribizlawa" by charter dated 8 Jun 1159[12].  Konrad Bishop of Pomerania confirmed the possessions of Kloster Grobe, including donations by "dominus Ratiboro cum…consorte sua Pribizlaua…successores eius Bogozlauus et Cazimerus", by charter dated 1168[13].  "Boguslaus…Pomeranorum Dux" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao", by charter dated 18 Apr 1177, which names "patruus noster Ratiborus…consorte sua Pribislaua…frater noster Kazimerus"[14]m ([1136]) PRIBISLAVA [Iaroslavna, daughter of IAROSLAV Sviatopolkovich Prince of Vladimir & his third wife --- Mstislavna of Kiev] (-[1156]).  Baumgarten names the wife of Ratibor and states her origin but cites only another of his works as the one secondary source in support[15].  Adalbert Bishop of Pomerania confirmed the donations to Kloster Grobe made by "domnus Ratiboro cum…coniuge sua Pribizlawa" by charter dated 8 Jun 1159[16].  Konrad Bishop of Pomerania confirmed the possessions of Kloster Grobe, including donations by "dominus Ratiboro cum…consorte sua Pribizlaua…successors eius Bogozlauus et Cazimerus", by charter dated 1168[17].  "Boguslaus…Pomeranorum Dux" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao", by charter dated 18 Apr 1177, which names "patruus noster Ratiborus…consorte sua Pribislaua…frater noster Kazimerus"[18].  Ratibor & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         SWANTOPOLK (-after 20 Jan 1205).  "Kasimerus…Pomoranorum princeps filius Wartizlai" donated property to Kloster Grobe by charter dated 13 Nov 1175, witnessed by "…Szenthepolc filius ducis Ratheburni"[19]Duke of Pomerania.  "Swentopelcus…dux Pomeranie" decreed that "castellania Slupensis" {Stolp} "seniori Wladislao duce Polonie…dominante", which he had captured from "rex Dacie Waldmarus", should fall within the archdiocesis of Gnesen by charter dated 27 Dec 1180[20].  "Swantepoltus…dux tocie Pomeranie" donated "Ziraua et Zukow" to the bishop of Camin by charter dated 20 Jan 1205, witnessed by "dominus Barnym dux Stettinensis, Mestuwinus primogenitus, comes Dubegnewa"[21]

b)         [BOGISLAW [Boleslaw] .  Pope Gregory IX confirmed donations to the Knights Hospitallers of Jerusalem in Moravia of property "de Salwo in Colber Gostina et Meslino domos" made by "clare memorie Ratiborius princeps Pomoranie ac Boleslaus filius eius" witnessed the charter dated 1235 under which "Barnym…dux Pomeranorum" by bull dated 20 Mar 1237[22].  It is not certain that this document relates to Ratibor [I], as it would be somewhat surprising that the document refers to the donation by someone who died nearly 100 years earlier.  It is therefore possible that another, otherwise unrecorded Pomeranian prince named Ratibor, is indicated.  Whatever the identity of "Ratiborius", it is likely that "Boleslaus" was an error for Bogislaw.  Yet another possibility is that the document was intended to refer to Ratibor [I] and his nephew Duke Bogislaw I.] 

c)         MARGARETA .  Arnold's Chronica Slavorum names "Margaretam…filiam Ratibor principis Pomeranorum" as wife of "Bernardum"[23].  [1162].  m (before 1162) BERNHARD [I] Graf von Ratzeburg, son of HEINRICH von Badewide Graf von Ratzeburg & his wife --- [of Denmark] (-[1190]). 

3.         [SWANTIBOR .  The parentage of Swantibor is not known.  However, a charter dated 1244 of "Barnym…dux Pomeranorum" confirmed a donation to Kloster Colbaz made by "agnatus noster dominus Zuantoborus filius Kazemeri" (who was the great-grandson of Swantibor)[24].  Assuming that "agnatus" was used in this document in its strict sense of relative on the paternal side of the family, Swantibor may have been another brother of Wartislaw [I] and Ratibor [I].  No document has yet been found which names Swantibor in his personal capacity other than as father of Wartislaw.]  m ---.  The name of Swantibor´s wife is not known.  Swantibor & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         WARTISLAW (-1196).  The Annales Colbazienses record the death in 1196 of "Wartizlaus filius Svantobori"[25].  

-        see Chapter 2

b)         [WALBURGIS (-before 18 Apr 1172).  "Boguslaus…Pomeranorum dux" donated property to Kloster Grobe, for the soul of "coniugis nostre Walburgis", by charter dated 18 Apr 1177[26].  It is possible that Duke Bogislaw´s first wife was the sister of Wartislaw, as shown by the charter dated 1173 under which "Buguzlaus…Pomeranorum dux" granted protection to Kloster Colbaz, founded by "cognato nostro Wartizlao"[27], the term "cognatus" frequently (although not exclusively) indicating brother-in-law.  If this hypothesis is correct, Walburgis may have been her husband´s first cousin, daughter of his possible paternal uncle Swantibor.  On the other hand, the editors of the Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus suggest that Walburgis was "wahrscheinlich eine dänische Prinzessin", citing Suhm´s Historie af Danmark which states that "Walborg" was the sister of Valdemar I King of Denmark but does not cite the primary source on which this statement is based[28]m as his first wife, [her first cousin] BOGISLAW I Duke of Pomerania, son of WARTISLAW [I] & his wife --- ([1130]-18 Mar 1187).] 

 

 

 

B.      DUKES of POMERANIA

 

 

BOGISLAW I 1181-1187

 

WARTISLAW [I], son of --- (-killed Stolp [1135/36]).  According to Saxo Grammaticus, Wartislaw "waged continual hostilities with the Danes and the Poles".  In [1127/29], Niels King of Denmark counter-attacked against the fort of Uznam and subsequently Wolin.  Wartislaw was made prisoner after boarding a Danish ship to negotiate peace but freed after the intervention of Knud "Lavard" of Denmark[29].  A charter dated 3 May 1153, under which Adalbert Bishop of Pomerania confirmed the foundation of Kloster Stolp, states that the site was where "principe…Wartizlauo" had been killed and that "Ratiboro tunc nostre principe" founded the Kloster[30]

m ---.  The name of Wartislaw's wife is not known. 

Wartislaw & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         BOGISLAW ([1130]-18 Mar 1187).  "Cazimerus…Pomeranorum princeps" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao", by charter dated 16 Aug 1170[31].  Helmold names "Kazemarus et Bugezlavus, duces Pomeranorum" when recording their part in the rebellion of the Obotrites against Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony in 1164, recording in a later passage that they converted to Christianity, founded a monastery at Stolp in memory of "patris sui Wertizlavi", and founded "episcopatum Uznam"[32].  Valdemar I King of Denmark occupied Wolgast and imposed Danish suzerainty in 1164[33]BOGISLAW I Duke of Pomerania.  "Buguzlaus…Pomeranorum dux" granted protection to Kloster Colbaz, founded by "cognato nostro Wartizlao", by charter dated 1173[34].  "Kasimerus…Pomoranorum princeps filius Wartizlai" donated property to Kloster Grobe by charter dated 13 Nov 1175, witnessed by "dominus Bochzlaus dux Pomeranie…"[35].  "Boguslaus…Pomeranorum Dux" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao", by charter dated 18 Apr 1177, which names "patruus noster Ratiborus…consorte sua Pribislaua…frater noster Kazimerus"[36].  Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" invested him with the duchy of Pomerania at Lübeck in 1181, to guarantee his loyalty against Heinrich "der Löwe" ex-Duke of Saxony[37].  Knud VI King of Denmark compelled Duke Bogislaw to become his vassal in 1185[38].  The Annales Colbazienses record the death "1187 XVI Kal Apr" of "Boguzlaus dux"[39]m firstly ([1150/59]) [his first cousin,] WALBURGIS, daughter of [SWANTIBOR & his wife ---] (-before 18 Apr 1172).  "Boguslaus…Pomeranorum dux" donated property to Kloster Grobe, for the soul of "coniugis nostre Walburgis", by charter dated 18 Apr 1177[40].  It is possible that she was the sister of Wartislaw, as shown by the charter dated 1173 under which "Buguzlaus…Pomeranorum dux" granted protection to Kloster Colbaz, founded by "cognato nostro Wartizlao"[41], the term "cognatus" frequently (although not exclusively) indicating brother-in-law.  If this hypothesis is correct, Walburgis may have been her husband´s first cousin, daughter of his possible paternal uncle Swantibor.  The editors of the Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus suggest that Walburgis was "wahrscheinlich eine dänische Prinzessin", citing Suhm´s Historie af Danmark which states that "Walborg" was the sister of Valdemar I King of Denmark but does not cite the primary source on which this statement is based[42]m secondly (26 Apr 1177) ANASTASIA of Poland, daughter of MIESZKO III "Stary/the Old" Prince of Greater Poland & his second wife Ievdokia Iziaslavna of Kiev (before 1164-after 31 May 1240).  The Chronicon Polono-Silesiacum refers to, but does not name, the daughters of Mieszko III, naming (fourth in the list) "dux Maritime Boguslaus" as his son-in-law[43].  "Anastasia…mariti viduata consortio…cum filio ipsius et meo Boguzlavo" confirmed a donation to Kloster Grobe by charter dated 18 Mar 1188, witnessed by "Wartizlauus Szvantiboris, Odolanus filius Kazimari…"[44].  "Buguzlaus et frater noster Kazimarus…Pomeranorum principes cum…matre nostra Anastasia" donated property at Treptow to St Maria by charter dated 1208, witnessed by "…Conradus prepositus et Bartolomeus et Kazimarus fratres…"[45].  "Anastasia…ducissa Pomeranorum" donated property to Kloster Belbog, with the consent of "dominarum relicte…filii mei Bugzlai et alterius filii Kazemari relicte" by charter dated 7 Jul 1224 witnessed by "…Barnota filius domini Jaromiri de Ruia…"[46].  Bogislaw I & his first wife had [four] children: 

a)         RATIBOR ([1160]-14/15 Jan 1183, bur Stolp).  "Boguzlaus…Pomeranorum Dux" confirmed a donation of property to the church of Havelberg by "beate memorie Cazimerus frater meus", with the consent of "filiis nostris Ratiburone et Wartizlao", by charter dated 1182[47].  The Annales Colbazienses record the death "1183 Kal Feb" of "Ratibor filius Boguzlai"[48].  "Boguzlauus…Dux Pomeranorum" donated property to Kloster Stolp, on the intervention of "cognato nostro Wartizlauo", for the soul of "Ratibori filii nostri qui ibidem sepultus est", by charter dated to 1183, signed by "Suantoboiz Wartizlauus…"[49]m (before 1177) SALOMEA of Poland, daughter of MIESZKO III "Stary/the Old" Prince of Greater Poland & his second wife Ievdokia Iziaslavna of Kiev (-11 May ----).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

b)         WARTISLAW (after 1160-18 Feb 1184, bur Klosterberg).  "Boguzlaus…Pomeranorum Dux" confirmed a donation of property to the church of Havelberg by "beate memorie Cazimerus frater meus", with the consent of "filiis nostris Ratiburone et Wartizlao", by charter dated 1182[50].  "Boguzlauus…Dux Pomeranorum" donated property to Kloster Grobe to found a new monastery "ad montem sancte Marie…in quo…filium nostrum Wartizlawm…sepulture…voluimus…iam quatriduam defuncti" by charter dated 20 Feb 1184[51]

c)         [daughter .  It is possible that the wife of Jaromar [I] von Rügen was the daughter of Bogislaw I Duke of Pomerania & his wife ---.  This is suggested by the charter dated 4 Aug 1218 under which "Bogesclauus…Pomeranorum dux" confirmed donations to Kloster Ilda made by "quondam dominus Jaromerus Rujanorum princeps cognatus noster"[52], the term "cognatus" frequently (although not exclusively) indicating brother-in-law.  If this parentage is corrected, the chronology suggests that Jaromar´s wife must have been born from her father´s first marriage.  m JAROMAR [I] Fürst von Rügen, son of RATZE & his wife --- (-[1217/4 Aug 1218]).] 

d)         daughter ([1162/72]-).  The Chronicon Polono-Silesiacum refers to "dux Pomeranie" as the father-in-law of one of his sons but does not specify which son (although he is named second in the list) or name the son's wife[53].  The chronology suggests that she must have been born from her father´s first marriage.  m ([1187/89]) BOLESŁAW of Poland, son of MIESZKO III "Stary/the Old" Prince of Greater Poland & his second wife Ievdokia Iziaslavna of Kiev (1159-3 Sep 1195).  He succeeded in 1194 as Prince of Kujavia. 

Bogislaw I & his [first/second] wife had [one child]: 

e)         [DOBROSLAWA (-after 1220).  Lady of Zlanene [Schlawe und Gützkow].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Dobroslawa was the same daughter of Duke Bogislaw I who married firstly Bolesław of Poland[54].   No primary source has been found which indicates that this is correct, although it is possible that the widow of Bolesław returned to Pomerania after her husband´s death and married secondly a local nobleman.  However, it is not certain that Dobroslawa was the daughter of Duke Bogislaw at all.  This affiliation depends on the charter dated 23 Apr 1200 under which "Boguslaus et soror mea Dobroslaua de Slauna" donated "villas…Scarnino, Cosmacevo" to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem[55].  It is not clear that "Boguslaus" in this document was Bogislaw II Duke of Pomerania, especially as this is the only charter which has so far been found which does not accord him the title "dux".  Nevertheless, it is clear that Dobroslawa was a person of importance, as demonstrated by the charter dated 1220 under which "Ingardis…Pomeranorum ducissa…[et] filius meus Wartizlaus…parvulus" donated property to Kloster Grobe, for the soul of "patris sui mariti mei bone memorie domini Kazimari", witnessed by "…Domina de Zlauene"[56]m (before [1200]) WARTISLAW von Gützkow Castellan of Stettin, son of BARTHOLOMÄUS Castellan of Gützkow [Swantiboriden] & his wife --- ([1175/80]-1233).] 

Bogislaw I & his second wife had two children:  

f)          BOGISLAW (-24 Jan 1220).  "Boguslaus, Barnim et Otto…Duces Slauorum" confirmed the possessions of Kloster Gramzow by charter dated 22 Mar 1289, which names "patris nostri bone memorie domini Barnim et avi nostri junioris Bugslai, nec non proavi nostri senioris Bugslai"[57].  He succeeded his father in 1187 as BOGISLAW II Duke of Pomerania

-        see below

g)         KASIMIR [II] ([1180]-before 20 Jun 1219).  "Buguzlaus et frater noster Kazimarus…Pomeranorum principes cum…matre nostra Anastasia" donated property at Treptow to St Maria by charter dated 1208, witnessed by "…Conradus prepositus et Bartolomeus et Kazimarus fratres…"[58].  "Kazimerus Pomeranorum dux" donated property "villam Warkentyn" to Kloster Arendsee by charter dated to [1224][59], but which should be dated earlier if this document refers to Kasimir [I] and if the latter's death date is correct as shown above.  "Nicholaus et Johannes…domini de Werle et Johannes eadem…domicellus de eodem" donated property "villam Warkentin quondam per Hinricum dominum de Werle nostrum patruum bone memorie" to Kloster Arendsee by charter dated 2 Oct 1314, which also refers to the previous donation by "Kazimarus et Wartislaus eius filius"[60].  "Nicolaus et Heinricus fratres et domini de Rozstoch" confirmed possessions of Kloster Arnesse made by "Kazimarus necnon filius eius Wartizlaus" by charter dated 20 Jun 1219[61]m (before [1208/10]) INGERD [Ingeborg], daughter of [62][KNUD IV King of Denmark & his wife Gertrud von Sachsen [Welfen]] (-before 1236).  "Ingardis…Pomeranorum ducissa…[et] filius meus Wartizlaus…parvulus" donated property to Kloster Grobe, for the soul of "patris sui mariti mei bone memorie domini Kazimari", by charter dated 1220, witnessed by "…Domina de Zlauene"[63].  Her Danish royal origin is indicated by the charter dated 1225 under which her son "Wartislaus…dux Pomeranorum et Diminensium" donated property to Kloster Dargun, sealed by "ducis Worzlai e sanguine regis Danor"[64].  From a chronological point of view, it seems likely that Ingerd was the daughter of King Knud IV: the children of Knud´s brother King Valdemar II were born too late for one of them to have been the mother of Wartislaw Duke of Pomerania, and King Knud´s father, King Valdemar I, is already recorded with a daughter named Ingebjörg.  Another possibility is that she was descended from the Danish royal family in the female line.  The date of her marriage is estimated assuming that the date of birth of her son Wartislaw is correctly estimated as shown below.  "M[yroszlava] et Hyn[gardis]…ductrices Slavie…cum filiis nostris et ducibus Barnym et Wartizlao" donated property to Kloster Mogilno in Colberg by charter dated to [1223/24][65].  "Anastasia…ducissa Pomeranorum" donated property to Kloster Belbog, with the consent of "dominarum relicte…filii mei Bugzlai et alterius filii Kazemari relicte" by charter dated 7 Jul 1224 witnessed by "…Barnota filius domini Jaromiri de Ruia…"[66].  "J…ducissa Sclauie" confirmed a donation to Kloster Dargun made by "Rochillus…castellanus noster in Dimin" by charter dated to [1226/27][67].  "Dominus Barnym…dux Slauorum…et…fratre meo germano domino duce Wartislao" renewed the donations to Kloster Mogilno made by "mater nostra domina Myroslaua…post mortem domini mei Boguslai…[et] mee matertere…Hyngardis domina terre Slauie relicta ducis Kazimari" by charter dated 1236[68].  Kasimir & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          WARTISLAW [III] ([1209/11]-17 May 1264).  "Ingardis…Pomeranorum ducissa…[et] filius meus Wartizlaus…parvulus" donated property to Kloster Grobe, for the soul of "patris sui mariti mei bone memorie domini Kazimari", by charter dated 1220[69].  "M[yroszlava] et Hyn[gardis]…ductrices Slavie…cum filiis nostris et ducibus Barnym et Wartizlao" donated property to Kloster Mogilno in Colberg by charter dated to [1223/24][70].  "Wartislaus…dux Pomeranorum et Diminensium" donated property to Kloster Dargun by charter dated 1225, sealed by "ducis Worzlai e sanguine regis Danor"[71].  The absence of his mother´s name in this document suggests that Wartislaw had already been declared of age at the date of the charter, probably recently as his mother is named with him in the charter dated to [1223/24].  As Wartislaw was described as "parvulus" in the charter dated 1220, it is likely that the age of majority in his case was young, say between 14 and 16 years old, which would place his birth in [1209/11].  "Nicholaus et Johannes…domini de Werle et Johannes eadem…domicellus de eodem" donated property "villam Warkentin quondam per Hinricum dominum de Werle nostrum patruum bone memorie" to Kloster Arendsee by charter dated 2 Oct 1314, which also refers to the previous donation by "Kazimarus et Wartislaus eius filius"[72].  "Barnim et Wartislaus…Slauorum ac Dyminii duces" confirmed donations to Kloster Dargun, founded by "domino Swantopolco", by charter dated 8 Jul 1253[73].  "Wartislaus…dux Demminensis" bequeathed property to Kloster Bukow in his testament dated 1264"[74].  "Barnim…dux Slauorum" confirmed the donation to Kloster Bukow in accordance with the last wishes of "consanguineus noster…dominus Wartislaus dux Demminensis" by charter dated 31 Mar 1265[75]m [as her first husband, SOPHIE von Arnstein, daughter of [ALBRECHT I Graf von Arnstein] & his wife ---.  This marriage, together with her possible parentage and her second husband Pribislaw de Slawia Herr von Wollin, is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[76].   The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.]   Pope Gregory IX issued a dispensation to "--- duci Pomeranie" for his marriage to "neptem…Regis Dacie" despite 4o consanguinity, dated 4 Sep 1238[77].  The editors of the Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus suggest that this dispensation refers either to Duke Barnim I and his first wife or to Duke Wartislaw, whose mother´s relationship with the Danish royal family is already recorded[78].  It is not clear that Wartislaw [III] married at all.  No record of his wife has been found in any of the numerous charters in which he is named.   

ii)         [BARNIM (-after 12 Oct 1227).  The editors of the Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus name Barnim as the second son of Kasimir [II] and his wife Ingerd, adding that he is named in documents until 1227[79].  However, this is probably incorrect, as shown by the charter dated 12 Oct 1227 under which "Wartizlaus…dux Pomeranorum et Ingert mater ipsius ducissa eorundem" confirmed the foundation of Kloster Treptow, in the presence of "fratris nostri Barnimi et matris ipsius", by charter dated 12 Oct 1227[80].  The reference to "matris ipsius" demonstrates that the mother of "Barnimi" was not "Ingert", and he was most likely Wartislaw´s first cousin despite his being called "fratris nostri" in the document.] 

2.         KASIMIR [I] (-[6 Jun 1181/1182]).  Helmold names "Kazemarus et Bugezlavus, duces Pomeranorum" when recording their part in the rebellion of the Obotrites against Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony in 1164, recording in a later passage that they converted to Christianity, founded a monastery at Stolpe in memory of "patris sui Wertizlavi", and founded "episcopatum Uznam"[81].  Despite the order of the names given by Helmold, the charters quoted below all indicate that Kasimir was the younger brother of Bogislaw.  "Domino Iaczone, Domine Bogozlauo, Domino Cazimero principibus, Domino Wartizlauo castellano de Stetin, Zauist castellano Caminensi, Venzezlauo castellano Iuliensi, Gustizlauo castellano Uznomienis, Dirskone castellano Diminensi, et Budowoy cognato eius" subscribed the charter dated 1168 under which Konrad Bishop of Pomerania confirmed the possessions of Kloster Grobe[82].  "Kasemarus…princeps et dux Slavorum" donated property to Kloster Lund by charter dated 1170[83].  "Cazimerus…Pomeranorum princeps" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao", by charter dated 16 Aug 1170[84].  "Kazimarus Diminensium et Pomanorum princeps" defined the limits of Kloster Granzen by charter dated 1174[85].  "Kasimerus…Pomoranorum princeps filius Wartizlai" donated property to Kloster Grobe by charter dated 13 Nov 1175, witnessed by "dominus Bochzlaus dux Pomeranie, Conradus episcopus secundus Pomeranie, dominus Iohannes frater eius…Szenthepolc filius ducis Ratheburni"[86].  "Kasimarus…Dux Slavorum" donated property to Kloster Stolp by charter dated 5 Dec 1176[87].  "Boguslaus…Pomeranorum Dux" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao", by charter dated 18 Apr 1177, which names "patruus noster Ratiborus…consorte sua Pribislaua…frater noster Kazimerus"[88].  "Kazimarus…Dux Slavorum" donated property to Kloster Stolp by charter dated 6 Jun 1181[89].  "Boguzlaus…Pomeranorum Dux" confirmed a donation of property to the church of Havelberg by "beate memorie Cazimerus frater meus", with the consent of "filiis nostris Ratiburone et Wartizlao", by charter dated 1182[90]m --- (-after 1175).  The name of Kasimir´s wife is not known.  She is referred to, but not named, in the charter dated to [1175/76] under which "Kasimarus…Pomeranorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Camin "pro me et uxore mea et liberis contuli"[91].  Kasimir & his wife had [two or more] children: 

a)         other children .  The fact that Kasimir had more than one child is shown by the charter dated to [1175/76] under which "Kasimarus…Pomeranorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Camin "pro me et uxore mea et liberis contuli"[92]

b)         [ODOLAN (-after 18 Mar 1188).  "Anastasia…mariti viduata consortio…cum filio ipsius et meo Boguzlavo" confirmed a donation to Kloster Grobe by charter dated 18 Mar 1188, witnessed by "Wartizlauus Szvantiboris, Odolanus filius Kazimari…"[93].  It is not certain that the witness Odolan was the son of Kasimir [I] Duke of Pomerania, although the inclusion of his father´s name indicates that he was a person of some standing.  However, Duke Kasimir [I] was not the only noble named Kasimir in Pomerania at the time, and it is probable that, if Odolan had been his son, a reference to the family relationship would have been included in the document.  It is would also be surprising that, if Odolan was the son of Kasimir [I], no other reference has been found to him in any of the other contemporary charters in Pomerania.] 

3.         [WOISLAWA (-Althof near Doberan 1172, bur Doberan Abbey).  The death and burial of “fundatrix Woizlav” is recorded in an inscription at Althof[94].  The primary source which suggests her possible parentage has not yet been identified.   m ([1140/45]) PRIBISLAW I Fürst of the Obotrites, son of NIKLOT Fürst of the Obotrites [Mecklenburg] & his wife --- (-1178).  He was invested as Fürst von Mecklenburg in 1171.] 

 

 

Brother [and sister], parents not yet identified: 

1.         BARNIM (-after 25 Mar 1220).  "Suantoborus filius Kazemari…cum matre mea" agreed with Kloster Colbaz, in the presence of "principe Barnimo patruo meo", the boundaries of a donation made by him and "matre mea" by charter dated 25 Mar 1220[95].  It is unlikely that "principe Barnimo" indicates Barnim I Duke of Pomerania.  It is true that Duke Barnim had succeeded his father in Jan 1220, but at that date he must have been an infant under the guardianship of his mother.  It is therefore unlikely that he would have been present at a donation unaccompanied.  In any case, Duke Barnim is consistently named in charters with his ducal title.  It is therefore likely that Barnim was a more senior member of a junior branch of the Pomeranian ducal family whose parentage cannot yet be identified precisely. 

2.         [sister (-after 1242).  Her family origin is suggested by the charter dated 25 Mar 1220 under which her son "Suantoborus filius Kazemari…cum matre mea" agreed with Kloster Colbaz, in the presence of "principe Barnimo patruo meo", the boundaries of a donation made by him and "matre mea"[96].  In its strict sense, patruus would indicate the paternal uncle of the donor.  However, no other record has been found of members of the "Swantiboriden" family being accorded the title "princeps" in contemporary charters, which suggests that the term was used to indicate the donor´s maternal uncle.  It is also possible that "patruus" was used broadly to indicate a close relative, maybe a cousin (more strictly "patruelis").  If this is correct, it is still unlikely that Barnim would have been a member of the donor´s paternal family.  m KASIMIR, son of WARTISLAW & his wife --- (-[1219/Mar 1220]).] 

 

 

BOGISLAW II 1187-1220, BARNIM I 1220-1278

 

BOGISLAW von Pommern, son of BOGISLAW I Duke of Pomerania & his second wife Anastasia of Poland (-24 Jan 1220).  "Boguslaus, Barnim et Otto…Duces Slauorum" confirmed the possessions of Kloster Gramzow by charter dated 22 Mar 1289, which names "patris nostri bone memorie domini Barnim et avi nostri junioris Bugslai, nec non proavi nostri senioris Bugslai"[97].  He succeeded his father in 1187 as BOGISLAW II Duke of Pomerania.  "Boguslaus et soror mea Dobroslaua de Slauna" donated "villas…Scarnino, Cosmacevo" to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated 23 Apr 1200[98].  "Buguzlaus et frater noster Kazimarus…Pomeranorum principes cum…matre nostra Anastasia" donated property at Treptow to St Maria by charter dated 1208, witnessed by "…Conradus prepositus et Bartolomeus et Kazimarus fratres…"[99].  "Bogesclauus…Pomeranorum dux" confirmed donations to Kloster Ilda made by "quondam dominus Jaromerus Rujanorum princeps cognatus noster" by charter dated 4 Aug 1218 witnessed by "Bogezlauus, Bartholomeus, filius Wartezlaui, Wartiszlauus filius eius"[100].  "Boguzlaus Dux Slavorum" donated property to "viri nobilis Wizlai Nemistitz" by charter dated 9 Nov 1219, witnessed by "Bartholomeus castellanus de Chozcow"[101]

[m firstly VISLAVA Iaropolkovich, daughter of [IAROPOLK Romanovich Prince of Smolensk & his wife ---].  Baumgarten quotes an early secondary source which names "Wislawa fil. Jarolphi Principis Russiæ" as the wife of Duke Bogislaw, suggesting that "Jarolphi" is a corruption of "Jaropolk" and suggests three possible contemporary Princes Iaropolk[102].  He dismisses Iaropolk Prince of Buzsk on the basis that any of his daughters would have been too old, and Iaropolk of Suzdal on the basis that his branch contracted no known western marriages as they had orientated themselves towards Byzantium, leaving only Iaropolk Romanovich Prince of Smolensk.] 

m [secondly] MIROSLAWA von Pommerellen, daughter of MESTWIN I Herzog von Pommerellen & his wife Swinislawa --- (-after 18 May 1233).  "M[yroszlava] et Hyn[gardis]…ductrices Slavie…cum filiis nostris et ducibus Barnym et Wartizlao" donated property to Kloster Mogilno in Colberg by charter dated to [1223/24][103].  "Anastasia…ducissa Pomeranorum" donated property to Kloster Belbog, with the consent of "dominarum relicte…filii mei Bugzlai et alterius filii Kazemari relicte" by charter dated 7 Jul 1224 witnessed by "…Barnota filius domini Jaromiri de Ruia…"[104].  "M[iroslawa] Sclavorum ducissa et filius meus B[arnim] dux" donated property to Kloster Zuckau by charter dated to [1229], witnessed by "…uxore domini Sambory Machtelde…"[105].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1229 under which "Barnim…dux Pomoranie cum matre mea" confirmed donations to the Order of St John, made by "domino awo et patre meo beate memorie duce Buguslao", by charter dated 1229, witnessed by "Saborius dux frater domine…"[106].  "Mirozlaua…ducissa Sclavorum et Barnem filius meus dux eorundem" donated property to Kloster Ilda, for the souls of "mariti nostri Bugeszlaui ac…filie nostre Woyszlaue", by charter dated 11 Dec 1229[107]

Bogislaw II & his second wife had [three] children: 

1.         BARNIM (-13/14 Feb 1278, bur Stettin Marienkirche).  "Boguslaus, Barnim et Otto…Duces Slauorum" confirmed the possessions of Kloster Gramzow by charter dated 22 Mar 1289, which names "patris nostri bone memorie domini Barnim et avi nostri junioris Bugslai, nec non proavi nostri senioris Bugslai"[108].  He succeeded his father in 1220 as BARNIM I Duke of Pomerania.  "Barnim…Pomeranorum Slauorum dux cum matre mea…Meroslaua" confirmed a donation to Kloster Colbaz by charter dated 1223[109].  "M[yroszlava] et Hyn[gardis]…ductrices Slavie…cum filiis nostris et ducibus Barnym et Wartizlao" donated property to Kloster Mogilno in Colberg by charter dated to [1223/24][110].  "M[iroslawa] Sclavorum ducissa et filius meus B[arnim] dux" donated property to Kloster Zuckau by charter dated to [1229], witnessed by "…uxore domini Sambory Machtelde…"[111].  "Mirozlaua…ducissa Sclavorum et Barnem filius meus dux eorundem" donated property to Kloster Ilda, for the souls of "mariti nostri Bugeszlaui ac…filie nostre Woyszlaue", by charter dated 11 Dec 1229[112].  "Barnim…Dux Slauorum" granted freedom from customs tolls to the Templar Knights within his territory by charter dated 4 Mar 1236[113].  "Dominus Barnym…dux Slauorum…et…fratre meo germano domino duce Wartislao" renewed the donations to Kloster Mogilno made by "mater nostra domina Myroslaua…post mortem domini mei Boguslai…[et] mee matertere…Hyngardis domina terre Slauie relicta ducis Kazimari" by charter dated 1236[114].  "Barnim et Wartislaus…Slauorum ac Dyminii duces" confirmed donations to Kloster Dargun, founded by "domino Swantopolco", by charter dated 8 Jul 1253[115].  The Annales Colbazienses record the death "1278 Id Nov" of "Barnym dux Stetinensis"[116]m firstly ([4 Sep 1238/18 Jul 1242]) MARIANNA, daughter of --- (-[27 Jun] 1252).  Pope Gregory IX issued a dispensation to "--- duci Pomeranie" for his marriage to "neptem…Regis Dacie" despite 4o consanguinity, dated 4 Sep 1238[117].  The editors of the Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus suggest that this dispensation refers either to Duke Barnim I and his first wife or to Duke Wartislaw, whose mother´s relationship with the Danish royal family is already recorded[118].  "Barnim…Dux Pomeranorum" donated property to Kloster Grobe, with the consent of "uxoris nostre", by charter dated 18 Jul 1242, witnessed by "Dominus Wartizlaus dux Slavorum, Domina Marienna uxor nostra…"[119].  "Marianna…ducissa in Stetin" donated property to Kloster Stettin "a nepote nostre Wartizlao" to Kloster Colbaz by charter dated 27 Jan 1243[120]m secondly ([1253/54]) MARGARETA von Werle, daughter of NIKOLAUS [I] Herr von Werle und Güstrow [Mecklenburg] & his wife Jutta von Anhalt (after 1231-before 27 May 1261).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m thirdly (before 20 May 1267) MECHTILD von Brandenburg, daughter of OTTO III Markgraf von Brandenburg [Askanier] & his wife Beatrix [Božena] of Bohemia ([1248/55]-20 Dec 1316, bur Stettin Marienkirche).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Barnim I & his first wife had one child:  

a)         ANASTASIA ([1245]-15 Mar 1317, bur Wismar Franciscan Church)The Annales Lubicenses names "Anastasiam sororem Buxslai ducis Salvorum" as wife of "Hinricus dominus Magnopolensis"[121].  From a chronological point of view, Anastasia must have been born from her father´s first marriage.  Regent of Mecklenburg 1272 to 1287.  m ([1259]) HEINRICH I Herr von Mecklenburg zu Wismar, son of JOHANN I Fürst von Mecklenburg Herr von Rostock und Wismar & his wife Luitgard von Henneberg ([1230]-2 Jan 1302, bur Doberan). 

Barnim I & his second wife had one child: 

b)         BOGISLAW von Pommern (before 1258-19 Feb 1309, bur Stettin Marienkirche).  "Boguslaus, Barnim et Otto…Duces Slauorum" confirmed the possessions of Kloster Gramzow by charter dated 22 Mar 1289, which names "patris nostri bone memorie domini Barnim et avi nostri junioris Bugslai, nec non proavi nostri senioris Bugslai"[122].  He succeeded his father in 1278 as BOGISLAW IV Duke of Pomerania zu Wolgast. 

-        see below

Barnim I & his third wife had five children:  

c)         MIROSLAWA ([1270]-[23 Dec 1327/11 Nov 1328]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m ([1285/90]) as his second wife, NIKOLAUS [I] Graf von Schwerin in Wittenburg, son of GÜNZEL [III] Graf von Schwerin & his wife Margarete von Mecklenburg (-[3 Feb/23 Jun] 1323). 

d)         BEATRIX (-[1315/16]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m (before 1290) HEINRICH [II] Herr zu Werle zu Penzlin, son of HEINRICH [I] Herr von Werle zu Güstrow [Mecklenburg] & his first wife Richiza Birgersdotter of Sweden (-after 1308). 

e)         MECHTILD (-1295).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  

f)          BARNIM [II] ([1277]-28 May 1295).  "Bugislaus…dux Stetinensis" confirmed a donation to Kloster Bukow, with the consent of "fratrum nostrorum Barnim et Ottonis", by charter dated 28 Oct 1288[123].  "Boguslaus, Barnim et Otto…Duces Slauorum" confirmed the possessions of Kloster Gramzow by charter dated 22 Mar 1289, which names "patris nostri bone memorie domini Barnim et avi nostri junioris Bugslai, nec non proavi nostri senioris Bugslai"[124]

g)         OTTO von Pommern ([1 Jan /31 Aug] 1279-30/31 Dec 1344).  "Bugislaus…dux Stetinensis" confirmed a donation to Kloster Bukow, with the consent of "fratrum nostrorum Barnim et Ottonis", by charter dated 28 Oct 1288[125].  He succeeded his father in 1278 as OTTO I Duke of Pomerania in Stettin

-        see below, Part C. DUKES of POMERANIA-STETTIN 1278-1451

2.         [WARTISLAW (-after 1236).  "Dominus Barnym…dux Slauorum…et…fratre meo germano domino duce Wartislao" renewed the donations to Kloster Mogilno made by "mater nostra domina Myroslaua…post mortem domini mei Boguslai…[et] mee matertere…Hyngardis domina terre Slauie relicta ducis Kazimari" by charter dated 1236[126].  The wording of this charter clearly indicates that Wartislaw was the brother of Duke Barnim.  However, all other references to "Duke Wartislaw" at that time refer to Barnim´s first cousin, son of Kasimir [II] of Pomerania.  It is possible therefore that the term "fratre meo germano" is used loosely in this document to indicate cousin.  Similar instances of loose references to family relationships have been identified in charters relating to the dukes of Pommerellen (see Chapter 4 of the present document.] 

3.         WOISLAVA (-before 11 Dec 1229).  "Mirozlaua…ducissa Sclavorum et Barnem filius meus dux eorundem" donated property to Kloster Ilda, for the souls of "mariti nostri Bugeszlaui ac…filie nostre Woyszlaue", by charter dated 11 Dec 1229[127]

 

 

 

C.      DUKES of POMERANIA in WOLGAST [WOŁOGOSZCZ], STOLP [SŁUPSK] and in HINTERPOMMERN 1278

 

 

BOGISLAW IV 1278-1309

 

BOGISLAW von Pommern, son of BARNIM I Duke of Pomerania & his second wife Margareta von Werle-Güstrow [Mecklenburg] (before 1258-19 Feb 1309, bur Stettin Marienkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1278 as BOGISLAW IV Duke of Pomerania zu Wolgast.  "Boguzlaus…dux Slauorum" confirmed the donation to Kloster Oliva made by "pater noster dominus Barnim dux Slauorum pie recordationis" by charter dated 30 Dec 1278[128].  "Bugislaus…dux Stetinensis" confirmed a donation to Kloster Bukow, with the consent of "fratrum nostrorum Barnim et Ottonis", by charter dated 28 Oct 1288[129].  "Boguslaus, Barnim et Otto…Duces Slauorum" confirmed the possessions of Kloster Gramzow by charter dated 22 Mar 1289, which names "patris nostri bone memorie domini Barnim et avi nostri junioris Bugslai, nec non proavi nostri senioris Bugslai"[130]

m firstly (before 14 Dec 1278) MECHTILD von Brandenburg, daughter of JOHANN I Markgraf von Brandenburg & his second wife Jutta von Sachsen [Askanier] (1257-before 1284).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   

m secondly ([1283/87]) MARGARETA von Rügen, daughter of WIZLAW II Fürst von Rügen & his wife Agnes von Braunschweig ([1265/70]-[4 Dec 1315/3 Feb 1320]).  "Jaromarus…Caminensis ecclesie confirmatus" ordered the imprisonment of "quidam…Franco", accused of setting fire to Stralsund, by charter dated May 1292 witnessed by "nostra soror Margareta ducissa Stetinensis, frater noster Wezlaus iunior princeps Ruyanorum…"[131].  The testament of "Wizlavus senior Ruyanorum princeps", dated 27 Dec 1302, names "…domine regine Norwegie filie mee…domine Margarete…filie mee uxori domini Bugislavi…filie mee comitisse de Berneburgh…Sophie filie mee apud dominam reginam Norwegie existenti"[132]

Bogislaw IV & his second wife had five children: 

1.         EUPHEMIA ([1286/88]-26 Jul 1330, bur Sorø Abbey)m ([1300/04]) CHRISTOFFER Eriksen of Denmark, son of ERIK V "Klipping" King of Denmark & his wife Agnes von Brandenburg (29 Sep 1276-Nykøbing Castle 2 Aug 1332, bur Sorø Abbey).  He succeeded in 1320 as CHRISTOFFER II King of Denmark

2.         MARGARETA ([1286/88]-before 25 Jul 1334[133]).  The Annales Lubicenses record the marriage of "Nicholaus dominus de Rostocke" and "filiam Buxslai Slavonum principis" in 1300[134]m firstly (1299 before Nov) NIKOLAUS I "das Kind" von Mecklenburg Herr zu Rostock, son of WALDEMAR Herr von Mecklenburg & his wife Agnes von Holstein (-25 Nov 1314, bur Rostock St Johannis).  m secondly ([1316/24]) JOHANN I Duke of Steinau, son of HEINRICH I Duke of Glogau [Piast] & his wife Mechtild von Braunschweig-Lüneburg ([1296/1300]-[17 Oct 1361/1364]). 

3.         WARTISLAW von Pommern (1291-Stralsund 31 Jul /1 Aug 1326).  He succeeded his father in 1309 as WARTISLAW IV Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast und Hinterpommern.  He succeeded as Duke of Rügen in 1325. 

-        see below

4.         JUTTA (-after 12 Mar 1336).  Abbess of Krummin.  

5.         ELISABETH (-after 16 Oct 1349)m (1316 before 16 Jun, Papal dispensation 3o 1 Jul 1346) ERICH I Herzog von Sachsen-Ratzeburg und Lauenburg, son of JOHANN I Herzog von Sachsen, Engern und Westfalen & his wife Ingeborg of Sweden (-Nienburg (-1361).

 

 

WARTISLAW IV 1309-1326, BOGISLAW V 1326-1373, KASIMIR IV 1373-1377, WARTISLAW VII 1377-1394, BOGISLAW VIII 1377-1418, BARNIM V 1377-1402, BOGISLAW IX 1418-1446

 

WARTISLAW von Pommern, son of BOGISLAW IV Duke of Pomerania & his second wife Margareta von Rügen (1291-Stralsund 31 Jul /1 Aug 1326).  He succeeded his father in 1309 as WARTISLAW IV Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast und Hinterpommern.  He succeeded as Duke of Rügen in 1325.  He signed a treaty of mutual defence with Wladysław I "Lokietek" King of Poland 18 Jun 1325, which from Pomerania's viewpoint was aimed at protecting itself from Brandenburg's expansion.  However, Duke Wartislaw signed another mutual defence treaty with the Teutonic Knights in Sep 1325 which, from Poland's viewpoint, was incompatible with the earlier treaty because of the king's continuing dispute with the Order over Gdansk[135]

m ELISABETH von [136]Lindau-Ruppin, daughter of [ULRICH I] Graf von Lindau-Ruppin & his wife --- (-[1 Feb 1350/2 Feb 1356]). 

Wartislaw IV & his wife had three children: 

1.         BOGISLAW von Pommern ([1318]-7 Dec 1373).  He succeeded his father in 1326 as BOGISLAW V Duke of Pomerania in Hinterpommern.  m firstly (28 Feb 1343[137]) ELŹBIETA of Poland, daughter of KAZIMIERZ III "Wielki/the Great" King of Poland & his first wife Anna [Aldona] of Lithuania ([1326/34]-1361).  This marriage was arranged to confirm a defensive pact sign by her father and her future husband in early 1343 in order to strengthen Poland's position against the Teutonic Knights[138]m secondly ([1362]) ADELHEID von Braunschweig, daughter of ERNST Herzog von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen & his wife Adelheid von Everstein ([1341]-[3 May 1406]).  Bogislaw V & his first wife had two children: 

a)         ELISABETH (1347-15 Apr 1393, bur Prague Cathedral St Veit).  The Chronicon Bohemicum Anonymi records the birth in 1347 of "Elizabetha Imperatrix Romanorum et Regina Bohemiæ"[139].  The Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon records the marriage of "Imperator" and "Elizabeth filiam filiæ Kazimiri Regis Poloniæ" and her coronation[140].  Her marriage was proposed by her maternal grandfather, Kazimierz III King of Poland, as part of his mediation between Lajos King of Hungary (who was his nominated heir in Poland) and Emperor Karl IV.  The Emperor was also anxious to extend his control over Pomerania[141]m (Krakow 21 May[142] 1363) as his fourth wife, Emperor KARL IV King of Bohemia, son of JAN I King of Bohemia [JEAN I Comte de Luxembourg] & his first wife Eliska [Elisabeth] of Bohemia [Přemyslid] (Prague 14 May 1316-Prague 29 Nov 1378, bur Prague Cathedral St Veit). 

b)         KASIMIR [Kaźko] von Pommern ([1351]-2 Jan 1377).  He was adopted in 1368 by his maternal grandfather Kazimierz III King of Poland, who attempted to persuade Lajos King of Hungary (already nominated by Kazimierz as his heir in Poland) to accept Kaźko as his own successor[143].  On the death of King Kazimierz, he inherited the duchies of Sieradz, Łęczyca and Dobrzyń[144].  He succeeded his father in 1373 as KASIMIR IV Duke of Pomerania in Stargard.  m firstly (1360[145]) KENNA of Lithuania, daughter of ALGIRDAS [Olgierd] Grand Duke of Lithuania & his second wife Iuliana Aleksandrovna of Tver [Rurikid] (1350-27 Apr 1368).  This marriage was proposed by Kasimir's maternal grandfather, Kazimierz III King of Poland, to strengthen the ties between Lithuania and Poland[146].  She was baptised as JOHANNA on her marriage.  m secondly (Apr 1369) MAŁGORZATA of Mazovia, daughter of SIEMOWIT of Mazovia [later SIEMOWIT III "Starszy" Prince of Mazovia] & his first wife Euphemia von Troppau [Přemyslid] (before 1358-[14 May 1388/4 Apr 1396]).  This marriage was arranged by her future husband's maternal grandfather, King Kazimierz III, as part of the agreement for the former's adoption by the king[147].  She married secondly (Jul 1379) as his second wife, Heinrich VII Duke of Lüben and Brieg [Piast]. 

Bogislaw V & his second wife had four children: 

c)         WARTISLAW von Pommern (-killed in battle [1394/24 Feb 1395]).  He succeeded his half-brother in 1377 as WARTISLAW VII Duke of Pomerania in Hinterpommern.  m (1380) MARIE von Mecklenburg daughter of HEINRICH III Herzog von Mecklenburg & his first wife Ingeborg of Denmark (-after 13 May 1402).  Wartislaw VII & his wife had two children: 

i)          ERICH BOGISLAW von Pommern-Stolp ([1381]-Rügenwalde 1459 [after 4 Apr] bur Rügenwalde Marienkirche).  He succeeded in 1389 as ERIK III King of Norway under the regency of Queen Margrete.  He succeeded as Duke of Pomerania in Stolp.  He succeeded in 1396 as ERIK VII King of Denmark and Sweden crowned 12 Jun 1397.  He ruled as sole King from 1412.  He abdicated in Denmark and Sweden 10 Apr 1440.  He abdicated in Norway 1442. 

-         KINGS of DENMARK

ii)         KATHARINA von Pommern-Stolp ([1390]-4 Mar 1426, bur Neumarkt Hofkirche, transferred to Kloster Gnadenburg).  Negotiations for her marriage with Henry of Monmouth, eldest son of Henry IV King of England and the future Henry V King of England, were abandoned due to the Danish inability to recognise the hereditary right to the Danish throne of any children of the marriage, such right being incompatible with the Danish and Swedish constitutions which guaranteed the elective nature of the monarchies in the two countries[148]m (contract Lund 11 Nov 1406, Ripen 15 Aug 1407) as his first wife, JOHANN Herzog von Bayern Pfalzgraf bei Rhein in Neumarkt, son of RUPRECHT III "Klemb" Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog in Bayern, King of Germany & his wife Elisabeth von Nürnberg (Neunburg vorm Wald [1383]-Benedictine Kloster Kastl, Oberpfalz 13 Mar 1443, bur Neunburg vorm Wald St Georg).  He succeeded his father 1410 as JOHANN Pfalzgraf in Neunburg vorm Wald und in Neumarkt. 

d)         BOGISLAW von Pommern ([1363/68]-11 Feb 1418).  He succeeded his half-brother in 1377 as BOGISLAW VIII of Pomerania in Hinterpommern.  m ([1398]) SOPHIE von Holstein, daughter of HEINRICH II "dem Eisernen" Graf von Holstein-Rendsburg & his second wife Ingeburg von Mecklenburg (-after 1451).  Bogislaw VIII & his wife had three children: 

i)          INGEBORG (-before 16 Jun 1450)m ([1425/28]) as his second wife, HEINRICH Herzog von Mecklenburg-Stargard, son of ULRICH I Herzog von Mecklenburg-Stargard & his second wife Margarete von Pommern (-[26 May/20 Aug] 1466, bur Wanzka).

ii)         BOGISLAW von Pommern ([1407/10]-7 Dec 1446).  He succeeded his father in 1418 as BOGISLAW IX Duke of Pomerania in Stargard.  m (24 Jun 1432) MARIA of Mazovia, daughter of SIEMOWIT IV Duke of Mazovia [Piast] & his wife Aleksandra of Lithuania ([1410-18 Feb 1454).  Bogislaw IX & his wife had two children: 

(a)       SOPHIE ([1435]-[24 Aug 1494/1497])m (1451 after Feb) as his second wife, ERICH II Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast, son of WARTISLAW IX Duke of Pomerania & his wife Sophie von Sachsen-Lauenburg ([1418/25]-Wolgast 5 Jul 1474). 

(b)       ALEXANDRA (-1451). 

iii)        ADELHEID (1410-after 1445)m (2 Feb 1429) BERNHARD II Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg ([1385-16 Jul 1463)

e)         BARNIM von Pommern (1369-16 May 1402).  He succeeded his half-brother in 1377 as BARNIM V Duke of Pomerania in Hinterpommern zu Stolpm JADWIGA of Lithuania, daughter of TAUTVILAS [Towtiwil] KONRAD Duke of Lithuania & his wife Iuliana Sviatoslavna of Smolensk (-after 1 Dec 1405). 

f)          MARGARETA (1366-Bruck an der Mur 30 Apr 1407 or 12 Jun 1410, bur Rein).  The necrology of Rein records the death "II Kal Mai" of "Margaretha ducissa Austrie et Styrie"[149]m (Bruck an der Mur [14 Jan] 1392) as his first wife, ERNST I "der Eiserne" Duke of Austria, son of LEOPOLD III Duke of Austria & his wife Verde Visconti (Bruck an der Mur 1377-Bruck an der Mur 10 Jun 1424, bur Rein, Steiermark). 

2.         BARNIM von Pommern ([1325]-22 Aug 1365).  He succeeded his father in 1326 as BARNIM IV Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast und Rügen

-        see below

3.         WARTISLAW [V] "Pater Noster" ([1 Nov 1326]-1390). 

 

 

BARNIM IV 1326-1365, WARTISLAW VI 1365-1394, BOGISLAW VI 1365-1393, WARTISLAW VIII 1394-1415, BARNIM VIII 1415-1451

 

BARNIM von Pommern, son of WARTISLAW IV Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast und Hinterpommern & his wife Elisabeth von Lindau-Ruppin ([1325]-22 Aug 1365).  He succeeded his father in 1326 as BARNIM IV Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast und Rügen

m ([1343]) as her second husband, SOPHIE von Werle-Güstrow, widow of ALBRECHT IV Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg, daughter of JOHANN [II] Herr von Werle zu Güstrow [Mecklenburg] & his wife Mechtild von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen ([1329]-5 Sep 1364, bur Marienthron). 

Barnim IV & his wife had three children: 

1.         WARTISLAW von Pommern ([1346/49]-13 Jun 1394 bur Eldena Kloster).  He succeeded his father in 1365 as WARTISLAW VI Duke of Pomerania in Rügen.  The necrology of Kloster Neuenkamp records the death "Id" (no month) in 1392 of "dominus Wartyslaus…princeps Ruyanorum et dux Stetinensis, pater nobilium principum Barnym et Wartislai ac ---"[150]m (Neubrandenburg 4 Apr 1363) ANNA von Mecklenburg, daughter of JOHANN I Herzog von Mecklenburg in Stargard & his second wife Anna von Holstein (-after 14 Mar 1399).  Wartislaw VI & his wife had four children: 

a)         BARNIM von Pommern ([1365]-22 Dec 1405).  His parentage is confirmed by the necrology of Kloster Neuenkamp which records the death "Id" (no month) in 1392 of "dominus Wartyslaus…princeps Ruyanorum et dux Stetinensis, pater nobilium principum Barnym et Wartislai ac ---"[151].  He succeeded his father in 1394 as BARNIM VI Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast. 

-        see below

b)         SOPHIE (-28 Jun 1406)m (contract 31 Jul 1386, 11 Nov 1388) as his first wife, HEINRICH Herzog von Braunschweig, son of BERNHARD I Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg & his wife Margareta von Sachsen-Wittenberg (-Ülzen 14 Oct 1416, bur Braunschweig).  He succeeded in 1409 as HEINRICH II Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg

c)         WARTISLAW von Pommern (1373-20/23 Aug 1415).  His parentage is confirmed by the necrology of Kloster Neuenkamp which records the death "Id" (no month) in 1392 of "dominus Wartyslaus…princeps Ruyanorum et dux Stetinensis, pater nobilium principum Barnym et Wartislai ac ---"[152].  He succeeded his father in 1394 as WARTISLAW VIII Duke of Pomerania in Rügen.  m (1393) AGNES von Sachsen-Lauenburg, daughter of ERICH IV Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg & his wife --- (-1435).  Wartislaw VIII & his wife had four children: 

i)          WARTISLAW [IX] von Pommern (-[8 Nov 1414/23 Aug 1415]). 

ii)         BARNIM von Pommern ([1403/05]-[15/19] Dec 1451).  He succeeded his father in 1415 as BARNIM VIII Duke of Pomerania in Rügen.  m ([1435]) AGNES von Wunstorf, daughter of [HEINRICH] Graf von Wunstorf & his wife --- (-[1451]).  Barnim VIII & his wife had one child: 

(a)       AGNES ([1436]-Bernburg 9 May 1512, bur Ballenstedt)m firstly (Tangermünde 9 Feb 1449) FRIEDRICH Markgraf von Brandenburg, son of FRIEDRICH I Elector of Brandenburg [Hohenzollern] & his wife Elisabeth von Bayern-Landshut ([1424]-Tangermünde 6 Oct 1463).  m secondly (1478) GEORG II Fürst von Anhalt-Zerbst, son of GEORG Fürst von Anhalt & his fourth wife Anna von Lindau-Ruppin (1454-25 Apr 1509, bur Ballenstedt Kloster). 

iii)        SWANTIBOR [IV] von Pommern ([1408/10]-[12 May 1432/11 Apr 1436]). 

iv)        SOPHIE (-after 17 Mar 1453)m ([13 Nov 1426/1427], Papal dispensation 26 Jul 1428) as his second wife, WILHELM Fürst von Wenden Herr zu Werle, son of LORENZ Herr von Werle zu Güstrow [Mecklenburg] & his wife Mechtild von Werle [Mecklenburg] (-7 Sep 1436, bur Güstrow Cathedral). 

d)         ANNA (-after 1388).  Abbess of Bergen, Rügen. 

2.         ELISABETH (-[5 Sep 1388/4 Jan 1398])m (contract Drücke bei Damgarten 5 Jul 1362, 7 Jul 1369) MAGNUS von Mecklenburg, son of ALBRECHT II "der Große" Herzog von Mecklenburg & his first wife Eufemia Eriksdatter of Sweden (-2/15 Apr 1385).  He succeeded his father in 1379 as MAGNUS I Herzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin

3.         BOGISLAW von Pommern ([1350/56]-7 Mar 1393).  He succeeded his father in 1365 as BOGISLAW VI Duke of Pomerania in Wolgastm firstly ([1377]) JUTTA von Sachsen-Lauenburg, daughter of ERICH II Herzog von Sachsen in Ratzeburg und Lauenburg & his wife Agnes von Holstein (-1388).  m secondly (1389) as her second husband, AGNES von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, widow of BURCHARD V Graf von Mansfeld, daughter of MAGNUS II "Torquatus/mit der Kette" Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg & his wife Katharina von Anhalt (-[1 Aug 1430/22 Dec 1434], bur Gadebusch).  She married thirdly (12/13 Feb 1396) as his second wife, Albrecht III Herzog von Mecklenburg ex-King of Sweden.  Bogislaw VI & his first wife had one child: 

a)         AGNES .  1393/1433.  m KONRAD von Tannrode zu Straussberg (-1433). 

Bogislaw VI & his second wife had one child: 

b)         SOPHIE (-before 21 Aug 1408)m firstly (Feb 1396) ERICH von Mecklenburg, son of ALBRECHT III joint Herzog von Mecklenburg, ex-King of Sweden & his first wife Richardis von Schwerin (-Landscrona 26 Jul 1397, bur Wisby St Mary's Church).  m secondly NIKOLAUS V Herr von Werle zu Güstrow, son of JOHANN Herr von Werle zu Güstrow [Mecklenburg] & his wife (-after 21 Jan 1408). 

 

 

BARNIM VI 1394-1405, WARTISLAW IX 1405-1457, WARTISLAW X 1457-1478

 

BARNIM von Pommern, son of WARTISLAW VI Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast & his wife Anna von Mecklenburg ([1365]-22 Dec 1405).  He succeeded his father in 1394 as BARNIM VI Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast. 

m VERONICA, daughter of ---. 

Barnim VI & his wife had three children: 

1.         ELISABETH (-[30 Mar 1455/9 Feb 1461]).  Abbess of Krummin. 

2.         WARTISLAW von Pommern (Wolgast [1400]-Schloß Darsim 17 Apr 1457).  He succeeded his father in 1405 as WARTISLAW IX Duke of Pomeraniam ([1416/18]) SOPHIE von Sachsen-Lauenburg, daughter of ERICH IV Herzog von Sachsen in Lauenburg und Ratzeburg & his wife Sophie von Braunschweig ([1395]-1462).  Wartislaw IX & his wife had four children: 

a)         ELISABETH (before 1420-7 Apr 1473).  Abbess of Bergen. 

b)         ERICH von Pommern ([1418/25]-Wolgast 5 Jul 1474).  He succeeded his father in 1457 as ERICH II Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast

-        see below

c)         WARTISLAW von Pommern (-17 Dec 1478).  He succeeded his father in 1457 as WARTISLAW X Duke of Pomerania in Rügenm firstly (5 Mar 1454) as her first husband, ELISABETH von Brandenburg, widow of JOACHIM Duke of Pomerania in Stettin, daughter of JOHANN Markgraf von Brandenburg & his wife Barbara von Sachsen (1425-after 31 Jan 1465).  ).  m secondly (Schwerin 28 Nov 1475) as her first husband, MAGDALENE von Mecklenburg, daughter of HEINRICH V Herzog von Mecklenburg in Stargard & his second wife Margareta von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (-2 Apr 1532, bur Barby St Johannis).  She married secondly (14 Jul 1482) Burkhard Graf von Barby (-1505).  Wartislaw X & his first wife had two children: 

i)          SVANTIBOR ([1454]-1464 after 3 May). 

ii)         ERTMAR ([1455]-1464 after 3 May). 

d)         CHRISTOPH ([1449/50]-young).  

3.         BARNIM [VIII] von Pommern ([1403/05]-[20/29] Aug 1451). 

 

 

ERICH II 1457-1474

 

ERICH von Pommern, son of WARTISLAW IX Duke of Pomerania & his wife Sophie von Sachsen-Lauenburg ([1418/25]-Wolgast 5 Jul 1474).  He succeeded his father in 1457 as ERICH II Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast

m firstly ([12/30] Nov 1451) MARGARETA von Mecklenburg, of HEINRICH Herzog von Mecklenburg-Stargard & his second wife Ingeborg von Pommern-Stettin (-[Nov 1451/1452]). 

m secondly SOPHIE von Pommern, daughter of BOGISLAW IX Duke of Pomerania & his wife Maria of Mazovia [Piast] ([1435]-[24 Aug 1494/1497]). 

Erich II & his second wife had nine children: 

1.         BOGISLAW von Pommern (Stolp 3 Jul 1454-Stettin 5 Oct 1523).  He succeeded his father in 1474 as BOGISLAW X "the Great" Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast.  Duke of Pomerania 1478. 

-        see below.  

2.         KASIMIR [VII] ([before 1455]-[8/15] Sep 1474). 

3.         ELISABETH (-1516 after 22 Oct).  Prioress at Verchen.  

4.         SOPHIE (-Wismar 26 Apr or 26 May 1504, bur Wismar Dominican Church)m (Anklam 24/31 May 1478) MAGNUS II Herzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin, son of HEINRICH IV "der Fette" Herzog von Mecklenburg & his wife Dorothea von Brandenburg [Hohenzollern] (1 Jan 1441-20 Nov 1503, bur Doberan 20 Nov 1503). 

5.         MARGARETA (-27 Mar 1526, bur Wismar Dominican Church)m (13 Jan 1482) BALTHASAR I Herzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin, son of HEINRICH IV "der Fette" Herzog von Mecklenburg & his wife Dorothea von Brandenburg [Hohenzollern] (1451-Wismar 16 Mar 1507, bur Doberan). 

6.         KATHARINA (1465-Wolfenbuttel 1526)m (1 Aug 1486) HEINRICH I Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg in Wolfenbüttel (14 Jun 1463-23 Jun 1514). 

7.         WARTISLAW [XI] (after 1465-1475). 

8.         BARNIM [IX] (after 1465-1474). 

9.         MARIE (-1512).  Abbess of Wollin. 

 

 

BOGISLAW X 1474-1523, GEORG I 1523-1531, BARNIM IX 1523-1569

 

BOGISLAW von Pommern, son of ERICH II Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast & his wife Sophie von Pommern (Stolp 3 Jul 1454-Stettin 5 Oct 1523, bur Stettin).  He succeeded his father in 1474 as BOGISLAW X "the Great" Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast.  Duke of Pomerania 1478.  The Annales Colbazienses record the death "1523 5 Oct" of "dux Breszlaus", specifying that buried in Stettin "in mausoleo principum"[153]

m firstly (Prenzlau [20 Sep] 1477) MARGARETA von Brandenburg, daughter of FRIEDRICH II Elector of Brandenburg & his wife Katharina von Sachsen ([1450]-1489). 

m secondly (Stettin 2 Feb 1491) ANNA of Poland, daughter of KASIMIERZ IV King of Poland & his wife Elisabeth Adss of Austria (12 Mar 1476-12 Aug 1503, bur Hildesheim).  The Annales Colbazienses name "Anna regis Polonie Kazimiri filia" as wife of "dux Breszlaus", specifying that she died before her husband and was buried "in monasterio Hildensemensi"[154]

Bogislaw X & his first wife had one child: 

1.         BARNIM [X] (-young). 

Bogislaw X & his second wife had seven children: 

2.         ANNA ([1492]-25 Apr 1550)m (5 Jun 1515) GEORG I Duke of Brieg, son of JOHANN II Duke of Lüben [Piast] & his wife Hedwig von Brieg [Piast] (1481/83-30 May 1521)

3.         GEORG von Pommern  (11 Apr 1493-9/10 May 1531).  He succeeded his father in 1523 as GEORG I Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast.  The Annales Colbazienses record the death in 1531 of "princeps Georgius Stettinensis, Pomeranie, Cassubie, Gozkoviensis"[155]m firstly (22 May 1513) AMALIE von der Pfalz, daughter of PHILIPP Elector Palatine & his wife Margarita of Bavaria (Heidelberg 25 Jul 1490-Alt-Stettin 6 Jan 1524, bur Alt-Stettin St Otto).  m secondly (Wolgast 6 Jan 1530) MARGARETA von Brandenburg, daughter of JOACHIM I Elector of Brandenburg & his wife --- (29 Sep 1511-1577).  Georg I & his first wife had three children: 

a)         BOGISLAV [XI] (21 Mar 1514-young).  

b)         PHILIPP von Pommern (1531-60) (14 Jul 1515-14 Feb 1560, bur Wolgast).  He succeeded his father in 1531 as PHILIPP I Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast. 

-        see below

c)         MARGARETA (May 1518-Salzderhelden 24 Jun 1569, bur Osterode Ägidienkirche)m (Wolgast 9 Oct 1547) ERNST Herzog zu Braunschweig, son of PHILIPP Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg in Grubenhagen & his second wife Katharina von Mansfeld (17 Dec 1518-Herzberg 2 Apr 1567, bur Osterode Ägidienkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1551 as ERNST V Herzog von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen.  Herzog zu Braunschweig und Lüneburg 1566. 

Georg I & his second wife had one child: 

d)         GEORGIA (28 Nov 1531-before 10 Jan 1574)m (24 Oct 1563) STANISLAV Graf von Labiszyn Latalski, Starost von Inowrazlaw und Schlochau (-11 Dec 1598)

4.         KASIMIR [III] (28 Apr 1494-19 Oct 1518). 

5.         ELISABETH (-before 27 May 1518). 

6.         BARNIM von Pommern (2 Dec 1501-2 Nov 1573).  He succeeded his father in 1523 as BARNIM XI Duke of Pomerania in Stettin.  He abdicated in 1569.  m (Stettin 6 Nov 1523) ANNA von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, daughter of HEINRICH Herzog von Braunschweig in Lüneburg & his wife --- (6 Dec 1502-6 Sep 1568, bur Stettin).  The Annales Colbazienses record the death "1568 6 Nov" of "ducissa Lunenburgensis, Barnimi senior uxor", specifying that she was buried at Stettin[156].  Barnim XI & his wife had seven children: 

a)         ALEXANDRA (-young). 

b)         MARIE (2 Feb 1527-19 Feb 1554).  m (1544) OTTO IV Graf von Schaumburg-Pinneburg (1517-21/22 Dec 1576). 

c)         DOROTHEA (7 Feb 1528-4 Jun 1558)m (8 Jul 1554) JOHANN Graf von Mansfeld-Hinterort (-3 Mar 1567). 

d)         ANNA (5 Feb 1531-13 Oct 1592)m firstly (Zerbst 16 May 1557) KARL Fürst von Anhalt-Zerbst (Dessau 17 [Nov/Dec] 1534-Zerbst 4 [Mar/May] 1561).  m secondly (Stettin 25 Aug 1562) HEINRICH VI von Plauen Burggraf von Meissen (29 Dec 1536-22/25 Jan 1572).  m thirdly (23 Sep 1576) JOBST II Graf von Barby (8 May 1544-9 Aug 1609)

e)         BOGISLAV [XII] ([27 Aug 1542]-before 15 Sep 1542).  

f)          SIBILLA (25 Apr 1541-21 Sep 1564). 

g)         ELISABETH (-[1554]). 

7.         OTTO [IV] (1503-[1518]).  

8.         SOPHIE (1498-Kiel 13 May 1568)m (Kiel 9 Oct 1518) FREDERIK I King of Denmark (7 Oct 1471-10 Apr 1533). 

 

 

PHILIPP I 1531-1560, JOHANN FRIEDRICH I 1560-1600, BOGISLAW XIII 1560-1606, ERNST LUDWIG I 1560-1592, PHILIPP JULIUS I 1592-1625, BARNIM XII 1560-1603, PHILIPP II 1606-1618, FRANZ I 1618-1620, BOGISLAW XIV 1620-1637

 

PHILIPP von Pommern, son of GEORG I Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast & his first wife Amalia von der Pfalz (14 Jul 1515-14 Feb 1560).  He succeeded his father in 1531 as PHILIPP I Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast.  The Annales Colbazienses record the death "1560 14 Feb" of "dux Philippus, præfati Georgi filius", specifying that he left 5 sons and 3 daughters and was buried in Wolgast[157]

m (Torgau 27 Feb 1536) MARIA von Sachsen, daughter of JOHANN Elector of Saxony & his wife --- (Weimar 15 Jul 1515-Wolgast 7 Jan 1583). 

Philipp I & his wife had ten children: 

1.         GEORG (13 Feb 1540-16 Nov 1544).  

2.         JOHANN FRIEDRICH von Pommern (27 Aug 1542-9 Feb 1600).  He succeeded his father in 1560 as JOHANN FRIEDRICH I Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast.  Duke of Pomerania in Stettin 1569.  m (Stettin 17 Feb 1577) ERDMUTHE von Brandenburg, daughter of JOHANN GEORG Elector of Brandenburg & his wife --- (26 Jun 1561-Stolp 13 Nov 1623)

3.         BOGISLAV von Pommern (9 Aug 1544-Stettin 7 Mar 1606).  He succeeded his father in 1560 as BOGISLAW XIII Duke of Pomerania in Barth.  m firstly (Franzburg 8 Sep 1572) as her second husband, KLARA von Braunschweig, widow of BERNHARD VII Fürst von Anhalt, daughter of FRANZ Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg in Giffhorn & his wife --- (1 Jan 1550-26 Jan 1598).  m secondly (31 May 1601) ANNA von Schleswig-Holstein, daughter of JOHANN Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg & his wife --- (7 Oct 1577-30 Jan 1616).  Bogislaw XIII & his first wife had eleven children: 

a)         PHILIPP von Pommern (28 Jul 1573-3 Feb 1618).  He succeeded his father in 1606 as PHILIPP II Duke of Pomerania in Barth.  m (8 Mar 1607) SOPHIE von Schleswig-Holstein, daughter of JOHANN Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg & his wife --- (30 May 1579-3 Jun 1618). 

b)         KLARA MARIA (Neuenkamp 10 Jul 1574-Hitzacker19 Feb 1623)m firstly (Barth 7 Oct 1593) SIGMUND AUGUST Herzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin (Schwerin 11 Nov 1561-Strelitz 5 Sep 1603).  m secondly (Strelitz 13 Dec 1607) AUGUST I Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg in Hitzaker (Dannenberg 10 Apr 1579-Wolfenbüttel 17 Sep 1666). 

c)         KATHARINA (18 Jun 1575-11 Jul 1577).  

d)         FRANZ von Pommern (24 Mar 1577-Stettin 27 Nov 1620).  Bishop of Kammin 1605/1618.  He succeeded his brother in 1618 as FRANZ I Duke of Pomerania in Barth.  m (Dresden 26 Aug 1610) SOPHIE von Sachsen, daughter of CHRISTIAN I Elector of Saxony & his wife --- (Dresden 29 Apr 1587-Stettin 9 Dec 1635). 

e)         ERDMUTHE (5 Apr 1578-11 Jul 1583). 

f)          BOGISLAW von Pommern (31 Mar 1580-10 Mar 1637).  He succeeded his brother in 1620 as BOGISLAW XIV Duke of Pomerania in Barth.  m (19 Feb 1625) ELISABETH von Schleswig-Holstein, daughter of JOHANN Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg & his wife --- (24 Sep 1580-21 Dec 1653). 

g)         GEORG [II] (30 Jan 1582-27 Mar 1617).  

h)         JOHANN ERNST (24 Feb 1586-1 Feb 1590).  

i)          ULRICH von Pommern (12 Aug 1587-Pribbernow 31 Oct 1622).  Bishop of Kammin 1618.  m (Wolfenbüttel 7 Feb 1619) HEDWIG von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (Wolgast 19 Feb 1595-Neustettin 26 Jun 1650). 

j)          SOPHIE HEDWIG (12 Jun 1588-3 Mar 1591). 

k)         ANNA (3 Oct 1590-7 Jul 1660)m (4 Aug 1619) ERNST Herzog von Croy und Aarschot (-7 Oct 1620). 

4.         ERNST LUDWIG (2 Nov 1545-Wolgast 17 Jun 1592).  He succeeded his father in 1560 as ERNST LUDWIG I Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast.  m (Wolgast 20 Oct 1577) SOPHIE HEDWIG von Braunschweig, daughter of JULIUS Herzog von Braunschweig in Wolfenbüttel & his wife --- (Wolfenbüttel 1 Dec 1561-Loitz 30 Jan 1631).  Ernst Ludwig I & his wife had three children: 

a)         HEDWIG MARIA (19 Mar 1579-16 Apr 1606). 

b)         ELISABETH MAGDALENA (14 Jun 1580-23 Feb 1649).  m (14 Mar 1600) FRIEDRICH I Duke of Courland [von Kettler] (25 Nov 1569-17 Aug 1639). 

c)         PHILIPP JULIUS von Pommern (27 Dec 1584-Wolgast 6 Feb 1625).  He succeeded his father in 1592 as PHILIPP JULIUS I Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast.  m (Berlin 25 Jun 1604) as her first husband, AGNES von Brandenburg, daughter of JOHANN GEORG Elector of Brandenburg & his wife --- (Berlin 17 Jul 1584-Schloss Neuhaus 26 Mar 1629).  She married secondly (19 Sep 1628) Franz Karl Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg

5.         AMALIE (28 Jan 1547-16 Sep 1580). 

6.         BARNIM von Pommern (15 Feb 1549-1 Sep 1603).  He succeeded his father in 1560 as BARNIM XII Duke of Pomerania in Rügenwalde.  m (Berlin 8 Jan 1582) ANNA MARIA von Brandenburg, daughter of JOHANN GEORG Elector of Brandenburg & his wife --- (Schloss Zechlin 3 Feb 1567-Wollin 4/14 Nov 1618)

7.         ERICH (22 Aug 1551-12/13 Dec 1551). 

8.         MARGARETA (19 Mar 1553-Ratzeburg 5 Sep 1581)m (Wolgast 26 Dec 1574) FRANZ II Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg (Ratzeburg 10 Aug 1547-Lauenburg 2 Jul 1619)

9.         ANNA (18 Sep 1554-10 Sep 1626)m (9 Dec 1588) ULRICH III Herzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin (Schwerin 22 Apr 1528-Guestrow 14 Mar 1603)

10.      KASIMIR [VII] (22 Mar 1557-10 May 1605).  Bishop of Kammin 1574. 

 

 

 

D.      DUKES of POMERANIA in STETTIN [SZCZECIN] 1278-1464

 

 

OTTO I 1278-1344, BARNIM III 1344-1368, KASIMIR III 1368-1372, SWANTIBOR I 1372-1413, OTTO II 1413-1428, KASIMIR V 1413-1435, JOACHIIM 1 1435-1451, OTTO III 1451-1464

 

OTTO von Pommern, son of BARNIM I Duke of Pomerania & his third wife Beatrix von Brandenburg [Askanier] ([1 Jan /31 Aug] 1279-30/31 Dec 1344).  "Bugislaus…dux Stetinensis" confirmed a donation to Kloster Bukow, with the consent of "fratrum nostrorum Barnim et Ottonis", by charter dated 28 Oct 1288[158].  "Boguslaus, Barnim et Otto…Duces Slauorum" confirmed the possessions of Kloster Gramzow by charter dated 22 Mar 1289, which names "patris nostri bone memorie domini Barnim et avi nostri junioris Bugslai, nec non proavi nostri senioris Bugslai"[159].  He succeeded his father in 1278 as OTTO I Duke of Pomerania in Stettin.  The Annales Colbazienses record the death "1344 III Kal Ian" of "domini Odo dux Stetiennensis" aged 66[160]

m firstly (Travemünde 1 Apr 1296) KATHARINA von Holstein, daughter of GERHARD II Graf von Holstein in Plön & his first wife Ingeborg Valdemarsdotter of Sweden (-before 23 May 1300).  The Annales Lubicenses record the marriage "1296…in Travenemunde octo diebus post pascha" of "filiam Gherardi comitis Hottzatiæ" and "Otto dux Stetinensis"[161]

m secondly ELISABETH von Holstein, daughter of GERHARD II Graf von Holstein in Plön & his first wife Ingeborg Valdemarsdotter of Sweden (-20 Jul [1318/19]). 

Otto I & his second wife had two children:

1.         MECHTILD (-12 Jul 1332)m (contract Stettin 20 Jan 1317) JOHANN III Herr von Werle zu Goldberg, son of NIKOLAUS II Herr von Werle zu Parchim und Güstrow, Herr von Wenden [Mecklenburg] & his first wife Richiza of Denmark (-after 1 Apr 1352)

2.         BARNIM von Pommern (before 1300-24 Aug 1368).  He succeeded his father in 1344 as BARNIM III Duke of Pomerania in Stettin.  He signed a protective treaty with Kazimierz III King of Poland at Poznań 24 Mar 1348[162]m ([1330]) AGNES von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, daughter of HEINRICH II Herzog von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen & his first wife Jutta von Brandenburg [Askanier] ([end 1318]-1371 after 2 Jun, bur Stettin St Otto, transferred 1375 to Stettin Marienkirche).  Barnim III & his wife had four children: 

a)         OTTO (-1337). 

b)         KASIMIR von Pommern (after 12 Jun 1348-1372 after 24 Aug).  He succeeded his father in 1368 as KASIMIR III Duke of Pomerania in Stettin. 

c)         SWANTIBOR ([1351]-21 Jun 1413).  He succeeded his brother in 1372 as SWANTIBOR I Duke of Pomerania in Stettin.  The Annales Colbazienses record the death "1413 XI Kal Iul" of "dux Swantoborus" recording that he was "hic sepultus"[163]m (before 13 Sep 1374) ANNA von Nürnberg, daughter of ALBRECHT "der Schöne" joint Burggraf von Nürnberg & his wife Sophie von Henneberg heiress of Schmalkalden ([1360]-[1413]).  Swantibor I & his wife had four children: 

i)          OTTO von Pommern ([1380]-27 Mar 1428).  He succeeded his father in 1413 as OTTO II Duke of Pomerania in Stettinm AGNES von Mecklenburg, daughter of JOHANN II Herzog von Mecklenburg in Stargard & his wife Wilhaida Katarzyna of Lithuania (-before 1467). 

ii)         ALBRECHT (-before 1412). 

iii)        KASIMIR (after 1380-12 Apr 1435).  He succeeded as KASIMIR V Duke of Pomerania in Stettin.  The Annales Colbazienses record the death "1437 Id Apr" of "dux Kazimirus"[164]m firstly (before 4 Aug 1426) KATHARINA von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, daughter of BERNHARD I Herzog von Braunschweig in Lüneburg & his wife Margareta von Sachsen-Wittenberg (-1429 after 6 May, bur Verchen).  m secondly (1431) ELISABETH von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, daughter of ERICH Herzog von Braunschweig in Grubenhagen & his wife Elisabeth von Braunschweig-Göttingen (1409-Oct 1452).  Kasimir V & his first wife had four children: 

(a)       JOACHIM (before 1424-young). 

(b)       JOACHIM (after 1424-1451 after 8 Sep).  He succeeded his father in 1435 as JOACHIM I Duke of Pomerania in Stettin.  The Annales Colbazienses record the death in 1451 of "dux Ioachim"[165]m (29 Sep 1440) as her first husband, ELISABETH von Brandenburg, daughter of JOHANN Markgraf von Brandenburg & his wife Barbara von Sachsen (1425-after 31 Jan 1465).  She married secondly (5 Mar 1454) as his first wife, Wartislaw X Duke of Pomerania.  Joachim I & his wife had one child: 

(1)       OTTO (29 May 1444-10 Sep 1464).  He succeeded his father as OTTO III Duke of Pomerania in Stettin. 

(c)       ANNA (before 1421-[14 May 1447/21 Nov 1459])m (Papal dispensation 3o Basel 25 Sep 1435, 17 Sep 1436) JOHANN V Herzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin, son of JOHANN IV Herzog von Mecklenburg & his second wife Katharina von Sachsen-Lauenburg (-[1 Nov 1442/13 Jan 1443]). 

(d)       MARGARETA (before 1422-after 13 Apr 1464)m (26 May 1439) ALBRECHT VIII Graf von Lindau-Ruppin ([1405]-[30 Aug 1459/Dec 1460]). 

iv)        MARGARETA (-[1450])m as his second wife, ULRICH I Herzog von Mecklenburg in Stargard, son of JOHANN II Herzog von Mecklenburg-Stargard & his third wife Agnes von Lindau-Ruppin (-8 Apr 1417, bur [Wanzka]). 

d)         BOGISLAW [VII] ([1355]-1404 after 19 Nov). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    Die SWANTIBORIDEN

 

 

WARTISLAW, son of SWANTIBOR & his wife --- (-1196).  Castellan of Stettin 1173.  "Boguzlauus…Dux Pomeranorum" donated property to Kloster Stolp, on the intervention of "cognato nostro Wartizlauo", for the soul of "Ratibori filii nostri qui ibidem sepultus est", by charter dated to 1183, signed by "Suantoboiz Wartizlauus…"[166].  Regent 1187/1189.  "Werezlaus vicedominus terre et filius eius Kazimer…" witnessed the charter dated 1187 issued by Sigfrid Bishop of Pomerania and "ducissa beate memorie Boguzlai ducis relicta vidua et duo filii amborum et Wartzelaus vicedominus terre"[167].  "Anastasia…mariti viduata consortio…cum filio ipsius et meo Boguzlavo" confirmed a donation to Kloster Grobe by charter dated 18 Mar 1188, witnessed by "Wartizlauus Szvantiboris, Odolanus filius Kazimari…"[168].  The Annales Colbazienses record the death in 1196 of "Wartizlaus filius Svantobori"[169]

m ---.  The name of Wartislaw´s wife is not known. 

Wartislaw & his wife had four children: 

1.         BARTHOLOMÄUS (-1219 after 9 Nov).  "Buguzlaus et frater noster Kazimarus…Pomeranorum principes cum…matre nostra Anastasia" donated property at Treptow to St Maria by charter dated 1208, witnessed by "…Conradus prepositus et Bartolomeus et Kazimarus fratres…"[170].  "Bogesclauus…Pomeranorum dux" confirmed donations to Kloster Ilda made by "quondam dominus Jaromerus Rujanorum princeps cognatus noster" by charter dated 4 Aug 1218 witnessed by "Bogezlauus, Bartholomeus, filius Wartezlaui, Wartiszlauus filius eius"[171].  Castellan of Gützkow.  "Bartholomeus castellanus de Chozcow" witnessed the charter dated 9 Nov 1219 under which "Boguzlaus Dux Slavorum" donated property to "viri nobilis Wizlai Nemistitz"[172]m ---.  The name of Bartholomäus´s wife is not known.  Bartholomäus & his wife had one child: 

a)         WARTISLAW ([1175/80]-1233).  "Bogesclauus…Pomeranorum dux" confirmed donations to Kloster Ilda made by "quondam dominus Jaromerus Rujanorum princeps cognatus noster" by charter dated 4 Aug 1218 witnessed by "Bogezlauus, Bartholomeus, filius Wartezlaui, Wartiszlauus filius eius"[173].  "Suantoborus filius Kazemari…cum matre mea" donated property "villam…Smirdniza, hereditario iure michi pertinentem" by charter dated to [1220], witnessed by "Wartizlaus filius Bartholomei…"[174].  Castellan of Stettin.  [Herr von Gützkow: "Kazemarus…Pomeranorum dux" donated property to Kloster Ilda, with the consent of "domini Wartizlai de Choskoue", by charter dated to [1219][175].]  "Wartislaus Bartholomei filius" donated property "iure hereditario et paterna…in Brucho et Dambine" to Kloster Colbaz by charter dated 1233[176].  Another undated charter, presumably also dated to [1233], records the donation by "Wartislaus Bartholomei filius" of property "in Bruchowe et Dambne et Lanchne…pater meus hereditate…in terra Colbacensi" to Kloster Colbaz, confirmed by "fratris nostri Suantobori" [presumably indicating his first cousin who witnessed the document], witnessed by "Suantoborus Kasemeri filius…"[177].  The Annales Colbazienses record the death in 1233 of "Wartizlaus filius Bartholomei"[178]m (before [1200]) DOBROSLAWA [von Pommern], daughter of [BOGISLAW I Duke of Pomerania] & his [first/second] wife [Walburgis/Anastasia of Poland] (-after 1220).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Dobroslawa was the same daughter of Duke Bogislaw I who married firstly Bolesław of Poland[179].   No primary source has been found which indicates that this is correct, although it is possible that the widow of Bolesław returned to Pomerania after her husband´s death and married secondly a local nobleman.  However, it is not certain that Dobroslawa was the daughter of Duke Bogislaw at all.  This affiliation depends on the charter dated 23 Apr 1200 under which "Boguslaus et soror mea Dobroslaua de Slauna" donated "villas…Scarnino, Cosmacevo" to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem[180].  It is not clear that "Boguslaus" in this document was Bogislaw II Duke of Pomerania, especially as this is the only charter which has so far been found which does not accord him the title "dux".  Nevertheless, it is clear that Dobroslawa was a person of importance, as demonstrated by the charter dated 1220 under which "Ingardis…Pomeranorum ducissa…[et] filius meus Wartizlaus…parvulus" donated property to Kloster Grobe, for the soul of "patris sui mariti mei bone memorie domini Kazimari", witnessed by "…Domina de Zlauene"[181].  Wartislaw & his wife had [one child]:

i)          [daughter .  Her parentage is suggested by the charter dated 12 Nov 1249 under which her son "Johannes filius Jaczonis de Cotscowe" donated property to Kloster Ilda, witnessed by "frater noster Conradus…"[182].  Jaczo´s acquisition of Gützkow would best be explained by his marriage with its heiress.  m JACZO, son of --- (-before 12 Nov 1237).  Vogt von Salzwedel.  "…Dominus Jaczo advocatus de Salwedele" subscribed the charter dated 18 May 1233 under which "Mirozlawa…Pomeranorum ducissa et filius eius Barnim dux" confirmed a donation to Kloster Grobe[183].  "Conradus…Episcopus Caminensis" donated revenue to Kloster Stolp, for the soul of "fratris nostri Jaczonis memoria", by charter dated 12 Nov 1237[184].] 

2.         WARTISLAW (-[1230/32]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1274 under which "Kazimarus filius Suantobori" confirmed donations made to Kloster Colbaz made by "bone memorie Kazimari avi nostri, fratrisque sui Wartizlavi, et filii sui Bartholomei, patrisque nostri Suantobori, et cognati nostri Wartizlaui, Bartholomei filii, predecessorum nostrorum", by charter dated 1274[185].  "…Wartislaus Zlavinie" witnessed the charter dated to [1200] under which Bogislaw II Duke of Pomerania donated property to the abbot of Colbaz[186].  Castellan of Stettin.  m ---.  The name of Wartislaw´s wife is not known.  Wartislaw & his wife had two children: 

a)         BARTHOLOMÄUS (-after 17 Jun 1249).  "Bartholomeus filius Wartizlaui iunioris" witnessed the charter dated 1235 under which "Barnym…dux Pomeranorum" granted protection to Kloster Colbaz[187].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1274 under which "Kazimarus filius Suantobori" confirmed donations made to Kloster Colbaz made by "bone memorie Kazimari avi nostri, fratrisque sui Wartizlavi, et filii sui Bartholomei, patrisque nostri Suantobori, et cognati nostri Wartizlaui, Bartholomei filii, predecessorum nostrorum", by charter dated 1274[188].  "Bartholomeus filius Wartizlai iunioris…" witnessed the charter dated 1240 under which "Barnym…dux Pomeranorum" confirmed property of Kloster Colbaz[189].  "Barnym…dux Pomeranorum" confirmed a donation to Kloster Colbaz made by "agnatus noster dominus Zuantoborus filius Kazemeri" by charter dated 1244, witnessed by "Suantoborus ipse et Kazimerus filius eius, Bartholomeus filius Wartizlaui…"[190]m ---.  The parentage of the wife of Bartholomäus is suggested by the charter dated 17 Jun 1249 under which "Barnym…Slauorum Dux" donated property to Kloster Colbaz by charter dated Jun 1249 witnessed by "Bartolomeus cognatus noster…"[191].  The term "cognatus" is frequently (although not exclusively) used to indicate brother-in-law.  It is therefore possible that Bartholomäus married Duke Barnim´s sister.  However, the same document also named "ducis domini Wartislaui cognati nostri", which suggests that the term was not used strictly. 

3.         KONRAD (-1233).  Canon at Kammin Cathedral 1176/1186, provost 1186/1189 and 1208.  "Buguzlaus et frater noster Kazimarus…Pomeranorum principes cum…matre nostra Anastasia" donated property at Treptow to St Maria by charter dated 1208, witnessed by "…Conradus prepositus et Bartolomeus et Kazimarus fratres…"[192].  Bishop of Kammin 1219. 

4.         KASIMIR (-[1219/Mar 1220]).  "Werezlaus vicedominus terre et filius eius Kazimer…" witnessed the charter dated 1187 issued by Sigfrid Bishop of Pomerania and "ducissa beate memorie Boguzlai ducis relicta vidua et duo filii amborum et Wartzelaus vicedominus terre"[193].  "Buguzlaus et frater noster Kazimarus…Pomeranorum principes cum…matre nostra Anastasia" donated property at Treptow to St Maria by charter dated 1208, witnessed by "…Conradus prepositus et Bartolomeus et Kazimarus fratres…"[194].  Castellan of Kołobrzeg.  His date of death is estimated from the charter of his son dated to [1220] (see below).  m ---, daughter of ---.  The name of Kasimir´s wife is not known.  "Suantoborus filius Kazemari…cum matre mea" donated property "villam…Smirdniza, hereditario iure michi pertinentem" to Kloster Colbaz by charter dated to [1220], witnessed by "Wartizlaus filius Bartholomei…"[195].  Her family origin is suggested by the charter dated 25 Mar 1220 under which her son "Suantoborus filius Kazemari…cum matre mea" agreed with Kloster Colbaz, in the presence of "principe Barnimo patruo meo", the boundaries of a donation made by him and "matre mea"[196].  In its strict sense, patruus would indicate the paternal uncle of the donor.  However, no other record has been found of members of the "Swantiboriden" family being accorded the title "princeps" in contemporary charters, which suggests that the term was used to indicate the donor´s maternal uncle.  It is also possible that "patruus" was used broadly to indicate a close relative, maybe a cousin (more strictly "patruelis").  If this is correct, it is still unlikely that Barnim would have been a member of the donor´s paternal family.  1242.  Kasimir & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [SWIETOSLAWA [Swiatochna] (-after Aug 1217).  Baumgarten names "Swiatochna de Poméranie, fille de Casimir" as second wife of Boris but cites no sources in support[197]m ([1212/16]) as his second wife, BORIS Davidovich Prince of Polotsk, son of DAVID Rostislavich Prince of Polotsk & his wife --- (-1226).] 

b)         SWANTIBOR (-after 1244).  "Suantoborus filius Kazemari…cum matre mea" donated property "villam…Smirdniza, hereditario iure michi pertinentem" to Kloster Colbaz by charter dated to [1220], witnessed by "Wartizlaus filius Bartholomei…"[198].  "Suantoborus filius Kazemari…cum matre mea" agreed with Kloster Colbaz, in the presence of "principe Barnimo patruo meo", the boundaries of a donation made by him and "matre mea" by charter dated 25 Mar 1220[199].  An undated charter, dated to [1233], records the donation by "Wartislaus Bartholomei filius" of property "in Bruchowe et Dambne et Lanchne…pater meus hereditate…in terra Colbacensi" to Kloster Colbaz, confirmed by "fratris nostri Suantobori", witnessed by "Suantoborus Kasemeri filius…"[200].  "Suantoborus filius Cazemari" agreed boundaries of donations with Kloster Colbaz by charter dated 1234[201].  "Zuantoborus filius Kazemeri" donated property to Kloster Colbaz by charter dated 1240[202].  "Zuantoborus filius Kazemeri" donated property to Kloster Colbaz, in the presence of "Kazimero filio nostro", by charter dated 1242[203].  "Suantoborus filius Kazemari" donated property inherited "a nepote nostre Wartizlao" to Kloster Colbaz by charter dated 1243[204].  "Barnym…dux Pomeranorum" confirmed a donation to Kloster Colbaz made by "agnatus noster dominus Zuantoborus filius Kazemeri" by charter dated 1244, witnessed by "Suantoborus ipse et Kazimerus filius eius, Bartholomeus filius Wartizlaui…"[205]m ---.  The name of Swantibor´s wife is not known.  Swantibor & his wife had one child: 

i)          KASIMIR (-[6 Jul 1277/1280]).  "Zuantoborus filius Kazemeri" donated property to Kloster Colbaz, in the presence of "Kazimero filio nostro", by charter dated 1242[206].  "Barnym…dux Pomeranorum" confirmed a donation to Kloster Colbaz made by "agnatus noster dominus Zuantoborus filius Kazemeri" by charter dated 1244, witnessed by "Suantoborus ipse et Kazimerus filius eius, Bartholomeus filius Wartizlaui…"[207].  Castellan of Kołobrzeg.  "Kazimarus filius Suantobori" confirmed donations made to Kloster Colbaz made by "bone memorie Kazimari avi nostri, fratrisque sui Wartizlavi, et filii sui Bartholomei, patrisque nostri Suantobori, et cognati nostri Wartizlaui, Bartholomei filii, predecessorum nostrorum", by charter dated 1274[208]m as her first husband, MIROSLAWA, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her two marriages has not yet been identified.   She married secondly (before 23 Mar 1281) Johann Ramel, castellan of Kolberg and Pomeranian counsellor, 1265/1297. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    FÜRSTEN von RÜGEN

 

 

 

A.      FÜRSTEN von RÜGEN

 

 

KRUKO, son of --- (-[1105]). 

m ---.  The name of Kruko´s wife is not known. 

Kruko & his wife had one child: 

1.         RATZE (-[1141]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   m ---.  The name of Ratze´s wife is not known.  Ratze & his wife had two children: 

a)         TEZLAW (-after 1168).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   rex 1164, princeps 1168. 

b)         JAROMAR [I] (-[1217/4 Aug 1218]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Fürst von Rügen.  "Jeromarus princeps Roianorum" donated property to Kloster St Maria by charter dated 1193 "regnante…Danus rege…Kanuto", witnessed by "filii domini Jeromari, Barnutha et Vinzislaus…"[209].  "Bogesclauus…Pomeranorum dux" confirmed donations to Kloster Ilda made by "quondam dominus Jaromerus Rujanorum princeps cognatus noster" by charter dated 4 Aug 1218 witnessed by "Bogezlauus, Bartholomeus, filius Wartezlaui, Wartiszlauus filius eius"[210]m ---.  The name of Jaromar´s wife is not known.  It is possible that she was --- von Pommern, daughter of Bogislaw I Duke of Pomerania & [first wife Walburgis ---].  This is suggested by the charter dated 4 Aug 1218 under which "Bogesclauus…Pomeranorum dux" confirmed donations to Kloster Ilda made by "quondam dominus Jaromerus Rujanorum princeps cognatus noster"[211], the term "cognatus" frequently (although not exclusively) indicating brother-in-law.  If this parentage is corrected, the chronology suggests that Jaromar´s wife must have been born from her father´s first marriage.  Jaromar & his wife had [five] children: 

i)          BARNUTA (-[5 Feb 1236/6 Jan 1237]).  "Jeromarus princeps Roianorum" donated property to Kloster St Maria by charter dated 1193, witnessed by "filii domini Jeromari, Barnutha et Vinzislaus…"[212].  "Barnuta filius domini Jaromeri principis Ruyanorum" donated property to Kloster Ilda by charter dated Nov 1221[213].  "Wyssezlauus…ruyanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Gora by charter dated 8 Nov 1231 witnessed by "…dominus Borantha, dominus Pribyzlaus, Wolcowycz et filius suus dominus Nycolaus, dominus Dubyzla de Wytowy, dominus Thomas"[214]m ---.  The name of Barnuta´s wife is not known.  Barnuta & his wife had one child: 

(a)       DOBIZLAW (-after Nov 1249).  "Dobezlaus de Crizstow miles filius domini Barnute" confirmed possessions of Kloster Ilda donated by "pater noster dominus Barnuta sive avus noster Jeromarus" by charter dated Nov 1249[215].  Herr von Gristow.  m ---.  The name of Dobizlaw´s wife is not known.  Dobizlaw & his wife had [one child]: 

(1)       [JOHANN [I] (-[1289/90]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, but from a chronological point of view it appears likely that he was the son of Dobizlaw.   Herr von Gristow.  "Johannes de Gristowe" annexed "ville…Jesere" by charter dated 1276[216].] 

-         see below, Part B. HERREN von GRISTOW

ii)         WIZLAW [I] (-[7 Jun 1250/1256]).  "Jeromarus princeps Roianorum" donated property to Kloster St Maria by charter dated 1193, witnessed by "filii domini Jeromari, Barnutha et Vinzislaus…"[217]Fürst von Rügen

-         see below

iii)        PYBYGNEW (-before 5 Mar 1232).  "Wyssezlauus…ruyanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Gora, recording that "dominus…Pybygnews frater noster" had also donated property before his death, by charter dated 8 Nov 1231[218]

iv)       [LUCIA] (-19 Feb after 1208).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m (before 1195) WŁADISŁAW of Poland, son of MIESZKO III "Stary/the Old" Prince of Greater Poland & his second wife Ievdokia Iziaslavna of Kiev ([1161/67]-3 Nov 1231).  He succeeded his father in 1202 as WŁADYSŁAW III "Laskonogi/Thinboned" Prince of Greater Poland.  Prince of Poznan, Gnesen and Krakow. 

v)        [SWENTEPOLK (-after 18 Feb 1207).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.]  

 

 

WIZLAW I, JAROMAR II -1260

 

WIZLAW von Rügen, son of JAROMAR [I] [Fürst von Rügen] & his wife --- (-[7 Jun 1250/1256]).  "Jeromarus princeps Roianorum" donated property to Kloster St Maria by charter dated 1193, witnessed by "filii domini Jeromari, Barnutha et Vinzislaus…"[219]Fürst von Rügen.  "Wissezlaws…Rujanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Ilda, for the soul of "fratris nostri domini Barnute", by charter dated 8 Jan 1203 (misdated) "domino rege Waldemaro regnum Dacie gubernante", witnessed by "heredes nostri, prepositus Jarozlaws, Petrus, Jaromarus, Wisezlauus, Burizlaws, Nicholaus…"[220].  "Wizelaus princeps Ruianorum" donated property to Kloster Campen, with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Gerizlai, Petri, Jeromari, Wirzlai, Bonizlai, Nicholai", by charter dated 8 Nov 1231[221].  "Wyssezlauus…ruyanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Gora by charter dated 8 Nov 1231 witnessed by "domina Margareta uxor nostra et filii nostri Yarozlaw, Petrus, Yaromerus, Wysseclaw, Burislaw, Nycolaus, dominus Borantha, dominus Pribyzlaus, Wolcowycz et filius suus dominus Nycolaus, dominus Dubyzla de Wytowy, dominus Thomas"[222].  “Wyzlaus…princeps Ruganorum nec non Wyzlaus et Jamborus…principes iuniores” confirmed the jurisdiction of Roskilde over “monasterio Bergensi” by charter dated 1246[223].  The necrology of Kloster Neuenkamp records the death "VII Id" (no month) of "Wizlaus princeps Ruyanorum, fundator nostre ecclesie" adding that he founded the church "VII Kal Dec 1233"[224]

m MARGARETA, daughter of --- (-[8 Nov 1231/16 Sep 1237].  "Wyssezlauus…ruyanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Gora by charter dated 8 Nov 1231 witnessed by "domina Margareta uxor nostra..."[225].  "Wisszlavs…Ruianorum princeps" donated property to the convent in Riga, for the soul of "uxoris nostre Margarete felicis memorie", by charter dated 16 Sep 1237 witnessed by "filii nostri Jarweslaus princeps Rujanorum et Tribuses, Petrus, Jervmarus, Wissezlaus…"[226]

Wizlaw & his wife had six children: 

1.         JAROSLAW (-[1241/25 Sep 1243]).  "Wizelaus princeps Ruianorum" donated property to Kloster Campen, with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Gerizlai, Petri, Jeromari, Wirzlai, Bonizlai, Nicholai", by charter dated 8 Nov 1231[227].  "Wyssezlauus…ruyanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Gora by charter dated 8 Nov 1231 witnessed by "domina Margareta uxor nostra et filii nostri Yarozlaw, Petrus, Yaromerus, Wysseclaw, Burislaw, Nycolaus…"[228].  "Wissezlaws…Rujanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Ilda, for the soul of "fratris nostri domini Barnute", by charter dated 8 Jan 1203 (misdated) witnessed by "heredes nostri, prepositus Jarozlaws, Petrus, Jaromarus, Wisezlauus, Burizlaws, Nicholaus…"[229].  "Wisszlavs…Ruianorum princeps" donated property to the convent in Riga, for the soul of "uxoris nostre Margarete felicis memorie", by charter dated 16 Sep 1237 witnessed by "filii nostri Jarweslaus princeps Rujanorum et Tribuses, Petrus, Jervmarus, Wissezlaus…"[230].  Provost at Tribsees.  "Wizlaus…Rujanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Ilda by charter dated 1241 witnessed by "filii nostri dominus Jarozlaus, princeps Ruie, Jaromerus, Wizlaus…"[231]

2.         PETER (-after 16 Sep 1237).  "Wizelaus princeps Ruianorum" donated property to Kloster Campen, with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Gerizlai, Petri, Jeromari, Wirzlai, Bonizlai, Nicholai", by charter dated 8 Nov 1231[232].  "Wyssezlauus…ruyanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Gora by charter dated 8 Nov 1231 witnessed by "domina Margareta uxor nostra et filii nostri Yarozlaw, Petrus, Yaromerus, Wysseclaw, Burislaw, Nycolaus…"[233].  "Wissezlaws…Rujanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Ilda, for the soul of "fratris nostri domini Barnute", by charter dated 8 Jan 1203 (misdated) witnessed by "heredes nostri, prepositus Jarozlaws, Petrus, Jaromarus, Wisezlauus, Burizlaws, Nicholaus…"[234].  "Wisszlavs…Ruianorum princeps" donated property to the convent in Riga, for the soul of "uxoris nostre Margarete felicis memorie", by charter dated 16 Sep 1237 witnessed by "filii nostri Jarweslaus princeps Rujanorum et Tribuses, Petrus, Jervmarus, Wissezlaus…"[235]

3.         JAROMAR [II] (-killed in battle 1260 after 20 Aug).  "Wizelaus princeps Ruianorum" donated property to Kloster Campen, with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Gerizlai, Petri, Jeromari, Wirzlai, Bonizlai, Nicholai", by charter dated 8 Nov 1231[236].  "Wyssezlauus…ruyanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Gora by charter dated 8 Nov 1231 witnessed by "domina Margareta uxor nostra et filii nostri Yarozlaw, Petrus, Yaromerus, Wysseclaw, Burislaw, Nycolaus…"[237].  "Wissezlaws…Rujanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Ilda, for the soul of "fratris nostri domini Barnute", by charter dated 8 Jan 1203 (misdated) witnessed by "heredes nostri, prepositus Jarozlaws, Petrus, Jaromarus, Wisezlauus, Burizlaws, Nicholaus…"[238].  “Wyzlaus…princeps Ruganorum nec non Wyzlaus et Jamborus…principes iuniores” confirmed the jurisdiction of Roskilde over “monasterio Bergensi” by charter dated 1246[239].  "Wisszlavs…Ruianorum princeps" donated property to the convent in Riga, for the soul of "uxoris nostre Margarete felicis memorie", by charter dated 16 Sep 1237 witnessed by "filii nostri Jarweslaus princeps Rujanorum et Tribuses, Petrus, Jervmarus, Wissezlaus…"[240].  "Wiscezlaus…Ruianorum princeps" exchanged property with "conventu beate Marie in Monte in Rvia" by charter dated 25 Sep 1242 witnessed by "Jaromarus et Wiscezlaus filii nostri…"[241]Fürst von Rügen.  A charter dated 17 May 1249 records the agreement between “dominum Jaromarum Principem Ruyanorum” and “Borantem de Borantenhaghen, nobilem Baronem de genere eiusdem Principis” with respect to a division of territories, witnessed by “Dominus Wartislaus Dux Diminensis…[242].  m EUPHEMIA von Pommerellen, daughter of SWIATOPOLK II Herzog von Pommerellen & his first wife Euphrosyne ---.  "Jaromarus…Ruianorum princeps…cum Evfemia uxor nostra" sold property to "fratribus de Novo Campo" by charter dated 24 Feb 1250[243].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 7 Apr 1275 under which her son "Wvislaus…Rugianorum princeps" confirmed the possessions of Kloster Bukow, including donations by "dominus Swantopolcus dux Pomeranorum avus noster…suique filii nostri…avunculi dominus Mestwinus et dominus Wartislaus duces Pomeranorum et dominus Barnim dux Slauorum noster consanguineus"[244].  Jaromar & his wife had three children: 

a)         WIZLAW [II] (-Oslo 29 Dec 1302, bur Oslo).  "Wiszlaus…princeps Ruianorum" donated property to Kloster Stralsund, in accordance with the wishes of "pie memorie patris nostri domini Germari" by charter dated 1 Nov 1261[245]Fürst von Rügen

-        see below

b)         MARGARETA (-1272 after 27 May).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie records the wife of "Erichus [filius Abel]" as "filiam Ieronimi principis Ranorum sive Rugianorum"[246].  The Annales Ryenses record the death in 1272 of "ducissa Margareta in partu", listed after the death of her husband[247]m ([1257/60]) ERIK Abelsen of Denmark, son of ABEL King of Denmark & his wife Mechtild von Holstein (-27 May 1272).  He succeeded his brother in 1257 as ERIK I Herzog von Schleswig [Sønderjylland]. 

c)         JAROMAR [III] (-[6 Jul 1282/10 Oct 1285]).  "Wislaus…Rugianorum princeps…cum fratre Jaromaro" donated property to Kloster Bukow by charter dated 17 Jan 1270[248]

4.         WIZLAW (-10 Jul 1243/44).  "Wizelaus princeps Ruianorum" donated property to Kloster Campen, with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Gerizlai, Petri, Jeromari, Wirzlai, Bonizlai, Nicholai", by charter dated 8 Nov 1231[249].  "Wyssezlauus…ruyanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Gora by charter dated 8 Nov 1231 witnessed by "domina Margareta uxor nostra et filii nostri Yarozlaw, Petrus, Yaromerus, Wysseclaw, Burislaw, Nycolaus…"[250].  "Wissezlaws…Rujanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Ilda, for the soul of "fratris nostri domini Barnute", by charter dated 8 Jan 1203 (misdated) witnessed by "heredes nostri, prepositus Jarozlaws, Petrus, Jaromarus, Wisezlauus, Burizlaws, Nicholaus…"[251].  "Wisszlavs…Ruianorum princeps" donated property to the convent in Riga, for the soul of "uxoris nostre Margarete felicis memorie", by charter dated 16 Sep 1237 witnessed by "filii nostri Jarweslaus princeps Rujanorum et Tribuses, Petrus, Jervmarus, Wissezlaus…"[252].  "Wiscezlaus…Ruianorum princeps" exchanged property with "conventu beate Marie in Monte in Rvia" by charter dated 25 Sep 1242 witnessed by "Jaromarus et Wiscezlaus filii nostri…"[253].  “Wyzlaus…princeps Ruganorum nec non Wyzlaus et Jamborus…principes iuniores” confirmed the jurisdiction of Roskilde over “monasterio Bergensi” by charter dated 1246[254]

5.         BURISLAW (-before 16 Sep 1237).  "Wizelaus princeps Ruianorum" donated property to Kloster Campen, with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Gerizlai, Petri, Jeromari, Wirzlai, Bonizlai, Nicholai", by charter dated 8 Nov 1231[255].  "Wyssezlauus…ruyanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Gora by charter dated 8 Nov 1231 witnessed by "domina Margareta uxor nostra et filii nostri Yarozlaw, Petrus, Yaromerus, Wysseclaw, Burislaw, Nycolaus…"[256].  "Wissezlaws…Rujanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Ilda, for the soul of "fratris nostri domini Barnute", by charter dated 8 Jan 1203 (misdated) witnessed by "heredes nostri, prepositus Jarozlaws, Petrus, Jaromarus, Wisezlauus, Burizlaws, Nicholaus…"[257]

6.         NIKOLAUS (-before 16 Sep 1237).  "Wizelaus princeps Ruianorum" donated property to Kloster Campen, with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Gerizlai, Petri, Jeromari, Wirzlai, Bonizlai, Nicholai", by charter dated 8 Nov 1231[258].  "Wyssezlauus…ruyanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Gora by charter dated 8 Nov 1231 witnessed by "domina Margareta uxor nostra et filii nostri Yarozlaw, Petrus, Yaromerus, Wysseclaw, Burislaw, Nycolaus…"[259].  "Wissezlaws…Rujanorum princeps" donated property to Kloster Ilda, for the soul of "fratris nostri domini Barnute", by charter dated 8 Jan 1203 (misdated) witnessed by "heredes nostri, prepositus Jarozlaws, Petrus, Jaromarus, Wisezlauus, Burizlaws, Nicholaus…"[260]

 

 

WIZLAW II 1261-1302, WIZLAW III 1302-1325, SAMBOR 1302-1304

 

WIZLAW [II] von Rügen, son of JAROMAR [II] Fürst von Rügen & his wife Euphemia von Pommerellen (-Oslo 29 Dec 1302, bur Oslo).  "Wiszlaus…princeps Ruianorum" donated property to Kloster Stralsund, in accordance with the wishes of "pie memorie patris nostri domini Germari" by charter dated 1 Nov 1261[261]WIZLAW II Fürst von Rügen.  "Wislaus…Rugianorum princeps…cum fratre Jaromaro" donated property to Kloster Bukow by charter dated 17 Jan 1270[262].  "Wvislaus…Rugianorum princeps" confirmed the possessions of Kloster Bukow, including donations by "dominus Swantopolcus dux Pomeranorum avus noster…suique filii nostri…avunculi dominus Mestwinus et dominus Wartislaus duces Pomeranorum et dominus Barnim dux Slauorum noster consanguineus", by charter dated 7 Apr 1275[263].  "Wirtslaus…princeps Rugianorum" donated property to Kloster Neuencamp, with the consent of "filii nostri Wirtslay", by charter dated Dec 1283[264].  "Witslaus…princeps Ruyianorum" granted privileges to the city of Tribuses by charter dated 1285, witnessed by "heredes nostri Wizlaus, Jaromarus, Sambur, Swanthepolk, ac nostri milites Johannes de Gristowe…"[265].  The testament of "Wizlavus senior Ruyanorum princeps", dated 27 Dec 1302, names "dominum Wizlaum iuniorem et domicellum Zamborum filios meos…uxori mee domine Agneti…domine regine Norwegie filie mee…domine Margarete…filie mee uxori domini Bugislavi…filie mee comitisse de Berneburgh…domino Henrico domino Magnopolensi…consanguineo meo…consanguineo meo domino Thece de Pudbuz militi…Sophie filie mee apud dominam reginam Norwegie existenti", appoints "filium meum…dominum Haquinum regem Norwegie…dominum Ericum ducem Suecie et dominos Waldemarum ducem Suecie ac Ericum ducem Langlandie nepotes meos" as executors, in the presence of "domino Haquino rege et domina Eufemia regina Norwegie, dominis Erico duci Suecie et Iacobo comiti Hallandie"[266]

m ([1263/65]) AGNES von Braunschweig, daughter of OTTO "das Kind" Herzog von Braunschweig & his wife Mathilde von Brandenburg (-[28/31] Dec 1327).  The Chronica Principum Brunsvicensium names "Agnetem" as youngest daughter of "Ottonem senior ex Mechthilde" and her husband "Wizlaus dominus Rugie"[267].  "Agnes…princeps Ruyanorum" sold "ville Donekeuitze" by charter dated Feb 1297[268].  The testament of "Wizlavus senior Ruyanorum princeps", dated 27 Dec 1302, names "…uxori mee domine Agneti…"[269]

Wizlaw II & his wife had eight children: 

1.         WIZLAW (-8 Nov 1325).  "Wirtslaus…princeps Rugianorum" donated property to Kloster Neuencamp, with the consent of "filii nostri Wirtslay", by charter dated Dec 1283[270].  "Witslaus…princeps Ruyianorum" granted privileges to the city of Tribuses by charter dated 1285, witnessed by "heredes nostri Wizlaus, Jaromarus, Sambur, Swanthepolk, ac nostri milites Johannes de Gristowe…"[271].  "Jaromarus…Caminensis ecclesie confirmatus" ordered the imprisonment of "quidam…Franco", accused of setting fire to Stralsund, by charter dated May 1292 witnessed by "nostra soror Margareta ducissa Stetinensis, frater noster Wezlaus iunior princeps Ruyanorum…"[272].  The testament of "Wizlavus senior Ruyanorum princeps", dated 27 Dec 1302, names "dominum Wizlaum iuniorem et domicellum Zamborum filios meos…"[273].  He succeeded his father in 1302 as WIZLAW III Fürst von Rügen.  "Witzlaus et Samborus…principes Ruyanorum" confirmed a grant of property "in nostra civitate Stralsundi…villam…Teuin" by "avunculi nostri dominus Woldemarus Jutie dux et Ericus dominus Langelandie" to "burgensi in Stralsundt Gervino…de Semelow, tunc temporis Proconsuli" by charter dated 1303[274].  Rügen was transferred to Wartislaw IV Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast in accordance with the terms of the inheritance treaty 5 May 1321[275].  A charter dated 1325 "feria sexta proxima ante dominicam letare" records an alliance between "Hinricus…Magnopolensis, Stargardis et Rostok dominus" and "genero nostro domino Wyzlavo principe Ruyanorum" including the betrothal of "filiam nostram…Beatricem, filio suo Jaromaro"[276].  The explanation has not yet been found why Heinrich II Herr zu Mecklenburg referred to Wizlaw in this document as "genero nostro".  Normally indicating son-in-law, it would seem that at that dated Wizlaw III was still married to Agnes von Lindau-Ruppin, who survived him and remarried after his death.  Another possibility is that Wizlaw´s married to Agnes was terminated by separation and that he married thirdly an otherwise unrecorded daughter of Heinrich II, presumably born from the first marriage of the latter, but no other indication has been found that this hypothesis is correct.  m firstly MARGARETA von Schwerin, daughter of NIKOLAUS [I] Graf von Schwerin in Wittenburg & his second wife Miroslava von Pommern.  "Ericus…Danorum Slavorumque Rex" granted "civitates Tribuses…et Grimme" to "domine Margarethe uxori domini Wyzlai principis Ruyanorum, nostri consanguinei" by charter dated [Apr] 1310[277]m secondly as her first husband, AGNES von Lindau-Ruppin, daughter of [ULRICH I] Graf von Lindau-Ruppin & his wife --- (-9 May 1343).  She married secondly ([25 May/27 Jun] 1328) Heinrich II Herr zu Mecklenburg, and thirdly (after 22 Jan 1329) Rudolf I Herzog von Sachsen-Wittenberg.  Wizlaw III & his [first] wife had three children: 

a)         EUPHEMIA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   1313.  The chronology suggests that she was born from her father´s first marriage. 

Wizlaw III & his [second] wife had two children:

b)         AGNES von Rügen (-before 25 Jan 1337).  "Guntherus…comes de Lindow" acknowledged the betrothal of "Albertus comes de Anehalt" and "filiam…principis Wizlai Ruyanorum" and provided for her dowry by charter dated 9 Aug 1324[278]m (contract 9 Aug 1324, before 2 Sep 1324) as his first wife, ALBRECHT II Graf von Anhalt, son of ALBRECHT I Graf von Anhalt in Köthen und Zerbst & his second wife Agnes von Brandenburg [Askanier] (-[22 Aug 1360/17 Jul 1362]). 

c)         JAROMAR (-[24/25] May 1325).  A charter dated 1325 "feria sexta proxima ante dominicam letare" records an alliance between "Hinricus…Magnopolensis, Stargardis et Rostok dominus" and "genero nostro domino Wyzlavo principe Ruyanorum" including the betrothal of "filiam nostram…Beatricem, filio suo Jaromaro"[279]Betrothed (1325) to BEATRIX von Mecklenburg, daughter of HEINRICH II "der Löwe" Herr von Mecklenburg & his second wife Anna von Sachsen (1324-1399). 

2.         JAROMAR (-[23 Sep 1293/13 Jul 1294).  "Witslaus…princeps Ruyianorum" granted privileges to the city of Tribuses by charter dated 1285, witnessed by "heredes nostri Wizlaus, Jaromarus, Sambur, Swanthepolk, ac nostri milites Johannes de Gristowe…"[280].  Elected Bishop of Kammin 1289.  "Jaromarus…Caminensis ecclesie confirmatus" ordered the imprisonment of "quidam…Franco", accused of setting fire to Stralsund, by charter dated May 1292 witnessed by "nostra soror Margareta ducissa Stetinensis, frater noster Wezlaus iunior princeps Ruyanorum…"[281]

3.         SAMBOR (-4 Jun 1304).  "Witslaus…princeps Ruyianorum" granted privileges to the city of Tribuses by charter dated 1285, witnessed by "heredes nostri Wizlaus, Jaromarus, Sambur, Swanthepolk, ac nostri milites Johannes de Gristowe…"[282].  The testament of "Wizlavus senior Ruyanorum princeps", dated 27 Dec 1302, names "dominum Wizlaum iuniorem et domicellum Zamborum filios meos…"[283].  He succeeded his father in 1302 as SAMBOR Fürst von Rügen.  "Witzlaus et Samborus…principes Ruyanorum" confirmed a grant of property "in nostra civitate Stralsundi…villam…Teuin" by "avunculi nostri dominus Woldemarus Jutie dux et Ericus dominus Langelandie" to "burgensi in Stralsundt Gervino…de Semelow, tunc temporis Proconsuli" by charter dated 1303[284].  "Zambur…princeps Ruyanorum" granted the patronatus of the school of St Jakob to the council of Stralesund by charter dated 9 Aug 1303[285].  The necrology of Kloster Neuenkamp records the death "II Non" (no month) of "dominus Za --- ceps Ruyanorum"[286]

4.         MARGARETA ([1265/70]-[4 Dec 1315/3 Feb 1320]).  "Jaromarus…Caminensis ecclesie confirmatus" ordered the imprisonment of "quidam…Franco", accused of setting fire to Stralsund, by charter dated May 1292 witnessed by "nostra soror Margareta ducissa Stetinensis, frater noster Wezlaus iunior princeps Ruyanorum…"[287].  The testament of "Wizlavus senior Ruyanorum princeps", dated 27 Dec 1302, names "…domine regine Norwegie filie mee…domine Margarete…filie mee uxori domini Bugislavi…filie mee comitisse de Berneburgh…Sophie filie mee apud dominam reginam Norwegie existenti"[288]m ([1283/87]) as his second wife, BOGISLAW IV Duke of Pomerania zu Wolgast, son of BARNIM I Duke of Pomerania & his second wife Margareta von Werle [Mecklenburg] (before 1258-19 Feb 1309, bur Stettin Marienkirche). 

5.         HELENA ([1270]-9 Aug 1315, bur Kloster Wiederstedt).  The testament of "Wizlavus senior Ruyanorum princeps", dated 27 Dec 1302, names "…domine regine Norwegie filie mee…domine Margarete…filie mee uxori domini Bugislavi…filie mee comitisse de Berneburgh…Sophie filie mee apud dominam reginam Norwegie existenti"[289]m firstly (3 Nov 1288) JOHANN [III] von Mecklenburg, son of HEINRICH I Fürst von Mecklenburg & his wife Anastasia von Pommern (-drowned near Poel 27 Jan 1289, bur Wismar Graues Kloster).  m secondly (before 26 Dec 1302) BERNHARD II Fürst von Anhalt in Bernburg, son of BERNHARD I Fürst von Anhalt in Bernburg Graf von Aschersleben & his wife Sophia of Denmark ([1260]-after 26 Dec 1323). 

6.         SWENTEPOLK (-after 1285).  "Witslaus…princeps Ruyianorum" granted privileges to the city of Tribuses by charter dated 1285, witnessed by "heredes nostri Wizlaus, Jaromarus, Sambur, Swanthepolk, ac nostri milites Johannes de Gristowe…"[290].   

7.         EUPHEMIA (-1 May 1312).  The Icelandic Annals record the coronation "in festo omnium sanctorum" in 1299 of "Haqvinus dux frater eius…cum Euphemia regina…[filia] comitis Vindlandiæ" after the death of "dominus Ericus rex Norvegiæ Magni filius"[291].  The testament of "Wizlavus senior Ruyanorum princeps", dated 27 Dec 1302, names "…domine regine Norwegie filie mee…", appoints "filium meum…dominum Haquinum regem Norwegie…dominum Ericum ducem Suecie et dominos Waldemarum ducem Suecie ac Ericum ducem Langlandie nepotes meos" as executors, in the presence of "domino Haquino rege et domina Eufemia regina Norwegie, dominis Erico duci Suecie et Iacobo comiti Hallandie"[292].  The Icelandic Annals record the death in 1312 of "Euphemia regina Haqvini regis Norvegiæ"[293]m (early 1299) HAAKON Magnusson of Norway, son of MAGNUS IV "Lagabøte/Lagabæter/the Law-reformer" King of Norway & his wife Ingeborg of Denmark (Tönsberg [10 Apr] 1270-Tönsberg 8 May 1319, bur Oslo, Maria Church).  He succeeded his brother in 1299 as HAAKON V King of Norway

8.         SOPHIA (-after 27 Dec 1302).  The testament of "Wizlavus senior Ruyanorum princeps", dated 27 Dec 1302, names "…domine regine Norwegie filie mee…domine Margarete…filie mee uxori domini Bugislavi…filie mee comitisse de Berneburgh…Sophie filie mee apud dominam reginam Norwegie existenti"[294].   

 

 

 

B.      HERREN von GRISTOW

 

 

JOHANN von Gristow, son of [BARNUTA Fürst von Rügen] & his wife ---] (-[1289/90]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, but from a chronological point of view it appears likely that he was the son of Dobizlaw.   Herr von Gristow.  "Johannes de Gristowe" annexed "ville…Jesere" by charter dated 1276[295].  "Witslaus…princeps Ruyianorum" granted privileges to the city of Tribuses by charter dated 1285, witnessed by "heredes nostri Wizlaus, Jaromarus, Sambur, Swanthepolk, ac nostri milites Johannes de Gristowe…"[296].  "Johannes de Gristowe…" witnessed the charter dated 1289 under which "Wizslaus…Ruyanorum princeps" granted privileges to the city of Sunde[297]

m ---.  The name of Johann´s wife is not known. 

Johann & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         JOHANN [II] (-before 22 Feb 1345).  "Domini Johannes et Bartholomeus de Grustowe…" witnessed the charter dated 1290 under which "Wislauus…princeps Ruyanorum" granted privileges to the city of Stralsund[298].  "Johannes et Bertramus milites de Gristowe, Heneke filius domini Bartholomei et Werner filius domini Johannis, armigeri" sold property to "Gerwini Pistori, burgensi in Stralessund" to "domine Margarethe uxori domini Wyzlai principis Ruyanorum, nostri consanguinei" by charter dated 4 Apr 1313[299].  "Johannes et Bertramus milites de Gristowe, nec non Henkinus et Gherardus de Gristowe filii domini Bartholomei felicis memorie" sold property to the church at Stralsund by charter dated [May/Jun] 1313[300]m ---.  The name of Johann´s wife is not known.  Johann & his wife had seven children: 

a)         BERTRAM [I] .  "Johannes et Bertramus milites de Gristowe, Heneke filius domini Bartholomei et Werner filius domini Johannis, armigeri" sold property to "Gerwini Pistori, burgensi in Stralessund" to "domine Margarethe uxori domini Wyzlai principis Ruyanorum, nostri consanguinei" by charter dated 4 Apr 1313[301].  "Johannes et Bertramus milites de Gristowe, nec non Henkinus et Gherardus de Gristowe filii domini Bartholomei felicis memorie" sold property to the church at Stralsund by charter dated [May/Jun] 1313[302].  1337. 

b)         WERNER [I] .  "Johannes et Bertramus milites de Gristowe, Heneke filius domini Bartholomei et Werner filius domini Johannis, armigeri" sold property to "Gerwini Pistori, burgensi in Stralessund" to "domine Margarethe uxori domini Wyzlai principis Ruyanorum, nostri consanguinei" by charter dated 4 Apr 1313[303].  1340.  m ---.  The name of Werner´s wife is not known.  Werner & his wife had [four] children: 

i)          [BARTHOLOMÄUS [III] .  1345/1362.] 

ii)         [BERTRAM [II] .  1347/1362.] 

iii)        [WERNER [II] .  1345/1362.] 

iv)       [JOHANN [V] .] 

c)         JOHANN [III] .  1314/1345. 

d)         BARTHOLOMÄUS [II] (-before 25 Apr 1355). 

e)         HEINRICH (-before 25 Apr 1355). 

f)          DETLEF .  1323/1335.  m MERDIS, daughter of ---.  1325. 

g)         NIKOLAUS .  1335/1340. 

2.         BARTHOLOMÄUS [I] (-before 9 Jun 1309).  "Domini Johannes et Bartholomeus de Grustowe…" witnessed the charter dated 1290 under which "Wislauus…princeps Ruyanorum" granted privileges to the city of Stralsund[304]m ---.  The name of Bartholomäus´s wife is not known.  Bartolomäus & his wife had two children: 

a)         JOHANN [IV] .  "Johannes et Bertramus milites de Gristowe, Heneke filius domini Bartholomei et Werner filius domini Johannis, armigeri" sold property to "Gerwini Pistori, burgensi in Stralessund" to "domine Margarethe uxori domini Wyzlai principis Ruyanorum, nostri consanguinei" by charter dated 4 Apr 1313[305].  "Johannes et Bertramus milites de Gristowe, nec non Henkinus et Gherardus de Gristowe filii domini Bartholomei felicis memorie" sold property to the church at Stralsund by charter dated [May/Jun] 1313[306].  1331. 

b)         GERHARD .  "Johannes et Bertramus milites de Gristowe, nec non Henkinus et Gherardus de Gristowe filii domini Bartholomei felicis memorie" sold property to the church at Stralsund by charter dated [May/Jun] 1313[307].  [1362]. 

3.         [IDA .  1344/1356.  m JOHANN Dotenberg (-before 1344).] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    HERZOGE von POMMERELLEN [POMORZE]

 

 

As outlined in the Introduction, Eastern Pomerania, centred around the city of Gdansk, more easily accepted Piast domination than western Pomerania.  The area enjoyed a brief period of autonomy as the duchy of Pomorze [Pommerellen] under its own princes during the 13th century.  The name by which the territory was known at the time is unclear.  All the charters which are quoted in this chapter refer to the dukes of Pommerellen/Pomorze as "dux Pomeranorum" (or variants) or "princeps in Dansk", while the dukes of Pomerania are mostly referred to in the same documents as "dux Slavorum".  The last independent prince, Mszczuj II, bequeathed his duchy to one of the Polish princes of the Piast dynasty.  This was challenged by the Markgrafen of Brandenburg, who were granted Pomorze as a fief in 1306 by Václav II [Wenzel] King of Bohemia who also claimed the Polish throne.  The Poles repelled the Askanian invasion of Gdansk in 1308 with the help of the Teutonic Knights, but the latter refused to leave the area[308]

 

 

1.         SOBIESLAW [I] (-13 Jan, before 1178).  The Chronicon Olivense records that Kloster Oliva was founded in 1170 by "Zubislaw"[309].  The charter dated 18 Mar 1178 of "Schamborius princeps Pomoranorum" states that Kloster Oliva "michi advenit de paterna hereditate"[310].  Sobieslaw [I] was therefore no doubt closely related to Sambor [I], but no source has yet been found that indicates that he was Sambor´s father. 

 

2.         GRIMISLAW (-after 11 Nov 1198).  "Grimisclauus…unus de principibus Pomeranie" donated "castrum meum…Stargrod" to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated 11 Nov 1198, witnessed by "Paulus filius Boguzlai palatinus in Zwece, Symon Cozloviz palatinus in Gdanz…"[311].  The reference to Gdansk suggests a connection between Grimislaw and the dukes of Pomorze.  If that is correct, it is likely that "Stargrod" was the town now known as Starogard Gdański which lies 50 kilometers inland from the city of Gdańsk.  Grimislaw presumably donated his castle because he had no direct heirs. 

 

 

Two brothers, maybe sons of Sobieslaw [I]: 

1.         SAMBOR [I] (-[1207]).  "Schamborius princeps Pomoranorum" donated property to Kloster Oliva "que michi advenit de paterna hereditate", for the souls of "uxoris mee liberorumque…meorum", by charter dated 18 Mar 1178 "in castro nostro Gdanzc"[312]m --- (-after 18 Mar 1178).  The name of Sambor´s wife is not known.  She is referred to, but not named, in the charter dated 18 Mar 1187 under which "Schamborius princeps Pomoranorum" donated property to Kloster Oliva for the souls of "mee, ac uxoris mee, liberorumque…meorum"[313].  Sambor [I] & his wife had two or more children: 

a)         SOBIESLAW [II] (-28 Dec after 1216).  "Subislaus…dux Pomoranie" donated "villas…Plauano…Hostricza, Scowarnicow, Siresna et Wasino", inherited by him "post obitum patris nostri domini ducis Zamborii pie memorie", to Kloster Oliva by charter dated 7 Sep 1215, witnessed by "Swantopolcus frater noster, dominus Simon, Andreas et Woycech sacerdotes, Gneomirus palatinus Gdanensis et filius eius Wenceslaus subcamerarius…"[314]

b)         [SWANTOPOLK (-after 7 Sep 1215).  "Subislaus…dux Pomoranie" donated "villas…Plauano…Hostricza, Scowarnicow, Siresna et Wasino", inherited by him "post obitum patris nostri domini ducis Zamborii pie memorie", to Kloster Oliva by charter dated 7 Sep 1215, witnessed by "Swantopolcus frater noster…"[315].  It is not certain that Swantopolk was the son of Sambor [I].  Another charter of "Swantopolcus…dux Pomoranorum", dated 9 Aug 1235, refers to "Sobizlao fratre nostro patruele"[316], and it is possible that the charter dated 7 Sep 1215 refers to the donor´s cousin Swantopolk referred to loosely as "frater noster".  No other reference has been found to a Swantopolk son of Sambor [I].] 

c)         other child[ren] .  That Sambor had more than one child is shown by the charter dated 18 Mar 1178 under which "Schamborius princeps Pomanorum" donated property to Kloster Oliva, for the souls of "uxoris mee liberorumque…meorum"[317]

2.         MESTWIN [Mszczuj] [I] (-1/2 May [1213/14]).  "Mestwinus…princeps in Danzk" donated "inter Radunam…et Stolpam…quatuor villas…Svcowia…Mislicyn…Svlislaue…Barcline" to Kloster Zuckau, with the consent of "filiorum meorum…Swantopolco, Wartizlao, Samborio, Ratiborio…et uxoris nostre", by charter dated 24 Apr 1209[318]Herzog von Pommerellen.  "…Dominus Mystiuy dux Pomoranie…" witnessed the charter dated 24 May 1212 under which the bishop of Cracow donated property to Kloster Sulejow[319]m SWINISLAWA, daughter of --- (-4 Sep 1228/29).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1220] under which her son "Swantopolcus princeps de Gdanizo" confirmed donations to Kloster Oliva, witnessed by "…mater mea Svinizlaua, uxor mea Eufrosina…"[320].  Mestwin & his wife had eight children: 

a)         SWANTOPOLK [I] (-10 Jan 1266).  "Mestwinus…princeps in Danzk" donated "inter Radunam…et Stolpam…quatuor villas…Svcowia…Mislicyn…Svlislaue…Barcline" to Kloster Zuckau, with the consent of "filiorum meorum…Swantopolco, Wartizlao, Samborio, Ratiborio…et uxoris nostre", by charter dated 24 Apr 1209[321].  "Swantopolcus princeps de Gdanizo" confirmed the donations of "villam…Uscov…Bargneuiz…Puzk…Starin…tres villas…Cimeln, Tristitza…Uscov…" made by "pater meus" and by "bone memorie Samborius…mortuo Samborio frater pro fratre pater meus…Mistwi…pie memorie Sobezlaus filius Samborii…" to Kloster Oliva by charter dated to [1220], witnessed by "Wartizlaus, Samborius et Ratiborius fratres mei, mater mea Svinizlaua, uxor mea Eufrosina…"[322].  "Ducum Lestconis Polonie, Conradi Mazouie et Cuiavie, Henrici Zlesie, Zuetopolci et Wratizlai principum Pomoranie…" sealed the charter dated 23 Jul 1223 under which "Cristinus miles Martini filius de Chrosna" donated property to Christian Bishop of Prussia[323].  "Samborius de Liubesou et…Suuantopolcus de Gdanzk" donated property to Kloster Oliva, for the souls of "fratris nostri Wartislaui…", by charter dated 27 Dec 1229, subscribed by "Ratiborius dux de Belgard…"[324]Herzog von Pommerellen.  The Annales Colbazienses record the death "1267 IV Id Feb" of "Suantopolaus dux nobilis Pomeranorum"[325].  "Swantopolcus…dux Pomoranorum" confirmed donations to Kloster Oliva, made by "patris nostri domini Mistwi seu patrui nostri Samborii et filii eius Sobizlai sive etiam fratrum nostrorum Samborii et Raciborii", by charter dated 9 Aug 1235, witnessed by "Mistwi filius meus…"[326].  "Swantopolcus…dux Pomeranie" donated property to Kloster Dargun, with the consent of "collateralis nostre Ermegardis ac…Mestwini et Wartislai filiorum nostrorum", by charter dated 5 Apr 1252 witnessed by "dux Rattiburius frater noster…"[327].  The early 14th century Chronicon Terræ Prussiæ of Peter von Dusburg describes the campaigns led by "Pomeranie dux…Swantepolcus filius iniquitatis et filius perdicionis" against the Teutonic Order in Prussia between 1242 and 1246[328].  The Chronicon Terræ Prussiæ of Peter von Dusburg records the death in 1266 of "Swantepolcus dux Pomeranie" and the subsequent rebellion of "Mestowinus primogenitus eius" against the Teutonic Order[329].  [m firstly SALOMEA Romanovich, daughter of ROMAN Mstislavich Prince of Galich & his first wife Predslava Rurikovna (-before [1220]).  Baumgarten quotes an early secondary source which records that "Swantipolk II Cassaborum et Henitorum in Pomerella Princeps" married "Salome fil. Romari Russi", suggesting that "Romari" is a corruption of "Romani" and identifying her father as Roman of Galich whose maternal grandmother was Salome von Berg, after whom her supposed great-granddaughter would have been named[330].  It is not certain that this was Swantopolk [I], but it seems likely from a chronological point of view as daughters of Roman (by his first wife) would have been born in [1185/95].]  m [firstly/secondly] (before 1225) EUPHROSYNE, daughter of --- (-23 Aug 1235).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1220] under which her husband "Swantopolcus princeps de Gdanizo" confirmed donations to Kloster Oliva, witnessed by "…uxor mea Eufrosina…"[331]m [secondly/thirdly] ERMENGARDA von Schwerin, daughter of HEINRICH I Graf von Schwerin & his wife Audacja of Kujavia .  "Swantopolcus…dux Pomeranie" donated property to Kloster Dargun, with the consent of "collateralis nostre Ermegardis ac…Mestwini et Wartislai filiorum nostrorum", by charter dated 5 Apr 1252 witnessed by "dux Rattiburius frater noster…"[332].  1270.  Heiress of Schlawe.  Swantepolk & his first wife had one child: 

i)          EUPHEMIA .  "Jaromarus…Ruianorum princeps…cum Evfemia uxor nostra" sold property to "fratribus de Novo Campo" by charter dated 24 Feb 1250[333].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 7 Apr 1275 under which her son "Wvislaus…Rugianorum princeps" confirmed the possessions of Kloster Bukow, including donations by "dominus Swantopolcus dux Pomeranorum avus noster…suique filii nostri…avunculi dominus Mestwinus et dominus Wartislaus duces Pomeranorum et dominus Barnim dux Slauorum noster consanguineus"[334]m JAROMAR II Fürst von Rügen, son of WIZLAW von Rügen & his wife Margareta --- (-1260). 

Swantepolk & his [first/second] wife had one child: 

ii)         [335][HEDWIG] .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m KNUD Valdemarssen of Denmark Duke of Estonia, illegitimate son of VALDEMAR II "Sejr/the Conqueror" King of Denmark & his wife his mistress Helene Guttormsdotter (1211-15 Oct 1260, bur Ringsted Church). 

Swantepolk & his second wife had [six] children: 

iii)        MESTWIN [Mszczuj] (-25 Dec 1294).  "Swantopolcus…dux Pomoranorum" confirmed donations to Kloster Oliva, made by "patris nostri domini Mistwi seu patrui nostri Samborii et filii eius Sobizlai sive etiam fratrum nostrorum Samborii et Raciborii", by charter dated 9 Aug 1235, witnessed by "Mistwi filius meus…"[336].  "Swantopolcus…dux Pomeranie" donated property to Kloster Dargun, with the consent of "collateralis nostre Ermegardis ac…Mestwini et Wartislai filiorum nostrorum", by charter dated 5 Apr 1252 witnessed by "dux Rattiburius frater noster…"[337].  "Mistwinus…dux Scwecensis" divided his expectations in land, which he would inherit after the deaths of "patre nostro et a fratre", with "nostro consanguineo domino Barnim…Slauorum duci" by charter dated 20 Sep 1264[338].  He succeeded his father in 1266 as MESTWIN II Duke of Pommerellen [Pomorze].  The Chronicon Terræ Prussiæ of Peter von Dusburg records the death in 1266 of "Swantepolcus dux Pomeranie" and the subsequent rebellion of "Mestowinus primogenitus eius" against the Teutonic Order[339].  "Mysciwus…dux tocius Pomoranie" granted property to "comitis Csyborii" by charter dated 1 Jun 1266[340].  Herzog von Schwetz [Świecie].  He nominated Przemysł II Duke of Greater Poland as his successor in Pomorze[341]m firstly ([1253/55]) JUTTA von Wettin, daughter of DIETRICH [I] Graf von Brehna & his wife Eudoxia of Mazovia [Piast] (-[1269/73]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   1267.  m secondly (1275, divorced before Aug 1288) as her second husband, EUPHROSYNE [Eufrozyna] von Oppeln, widow of KAZIMIERZ Prince of Kujavia [Piast], daughter of KASIMIR Duke of Oppeln [Piast] & his wife Viola --- ([1228/30]-4 Nov 1292).  "Dominus Mstywg…dux Pomoranie…cum…coniuge nostra Effrosina" donated property to the church of St John the Baptist at Sworinagatz for a new monastery by charter dated 1275[342].  "Evfrosina…ducissa Kuiauie, Lanchicie et Syradie relicta…ducis Kazimiii dictarum terrarum quondam domini" donated property received from "dux Pomoranie dominus Mstiugius" to Gnesen by charter dated 27 Oct 1292[343]m thirdly (26 Aug 1288) SULISLAWA [Sulka], daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1292 under which her husband "Mestwinus…dux Pomeranorum" granted property to "Janikoni nepoti uxoris nostre…domine Sulislaue"[344].  Mestwin & his first wife had one child: 

(a)       KATHARINA (-after 1 Jan 1312).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m ([1 Apr 1269/[1276/80]]) PRIBISLAW [II] von Mecklenburg Herr zu Wollin, son of PRIBISLAW [I] Herr von Mecklenburg & his first wife --- von Friesack (-after 21 Jun 1316). 

iv)       WARTISLAW [II] (-1271).  "Swantopolcus…dux Pomeranie" donated property to Kloster Dargun, with the consent of "collateralis nostre Ermegardis ac…Mestwini et Wartislai filiorum nostrorum", by charter dated 5 Apr 1252 witnessed by "dux Rattiburius frater noster…"[345].  Herzog von Danzig.  "W…dux de Gdansk" donated property to Kloster Oliva "loco sepulture principum Pomeranie parentum nostrorum" by charter dated 1266[346].  "Wartislaus…dux Pomeranorum" confirmed the rights of Kloster Bukow by charter dated 9 Oct 1268, witnessed by "frater noster dominus Mestwinus dux Pomeranorum…"[347]

v)        daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m HEINRICH Graf von Kirchberg auf der Hainleite (-1277 or after). 

vi)       SWINISLAWA (-after 16 Oct 1280).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter sated 16 Oct 1280 under which her brother "Mstugius…dux Pomeranie et Vissegradensis" granted property to "comitem Dobeslaum nostrum generum…quondam filium Sudonis comitis bone memorie…nec non…domine Zuinyslave sue uxori nostre sorori" by charter dated 30 Dec 1278[348]m ([1260]) DOBISLAW Count Sadowic Odrowaz, son of Count SUDO & his wife --- (-after 16 Oct 1280).  1256. 

vii)      JOHANNES (-22 Aug ----).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

viii)     [DAMBROKA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.]  

b)         WARTISLAW [I] (-[4 May 1224/1227]).  "Mestwinus…princeps in Danzk" donated "inter Radunam…et Stolpam…quatuor villas…Svcowia…Mislicyn…Svlislaue…Barcline" to Kloster Zuckau, with the consent of "filiorum meorum…Swantopolco, Wartizlao, Samborio, Ratiborio…et uxoris nostre", by charter dated 24 Apr 1209[349].  "Swantopolcus princeps de Gdanizo" confirmed donations to Kloster Oliva, witnessed by "Wartizlaus, Samborius et Ratiborius fratres mei…"[350].  "Ducum Lestconis Polonie, Conradi Mazouie et Cuiavie, Henrici Zlesie, Zuetopolci et Wratizlai principum Pomoranie…" sealed the charter dated 23 Jul 1223 under which "Cristinus miles Martini filius de Chrosna" donated property to Christian Bishop of Prussia[351].  Herzog von Schwetz. 

c)         SAMBOR [II] ([1206/07]-[30 Dec 1278/9 Jan 1279]).  "Mestwinus…princeps in Danzk" donated "inter Radunam…et Stolpam…quatuor villas…Svcowia…Mislicyn…Svlislaue…Barcline" to Kloster Zuckau, with the consent of "filiorum meorum…Swantopolco, Wartizlao, Samborio, Ratiborio…et uxoris nostre", by charter dated 24 Apr 1209[352].  "Swantopolcus princeps de Gdanizo" confirmed donations to Kloster Oliva, witnessed by "Wartizlaus, Samborius et Ratiborius fratres mei…"[353].  Herzog von Liebschau.  "Samborius…dux de Liubesow" donated property to Kloster Oliva by charter dated 9 Aug 1224[354].  "Samborius de Liubesou et…Suuantopolcus de Gdanzk" donated property to Kloster Oliva, for the souls of "fratris nostri Wartislaui…", by charter dated 27 Dec 1229, subscribed by "Ratiborius dux de Belgard…"[355]m (1229) MECHTILD von Mecklenburg, daughter of HEINRICH BORWIN Fürst von Mecklenburg & his wife Christine [of Sweden] (-23 Nov 1270).  "M[iroslawa] Sclavorum ducissa et filius meus B[arnim] dux" donated property to Kloster Zuckau by charter dated to [1229], witnessed by "…uxore domini Sambory Machtelde…"[356].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 12 Sep 1248 under which "Swantepelcus…dux Pomeranie", in his dispute with "frater meus Samborius", the rights of "Nicholaum et Johannem fratres uterinos dominos Cassubie fratres Mahtildis uxoris dicti fratris mei"[357].  Sambor & his wife had six children: 

i)          SOBIESLAW (-1 Apr 1253).  "Samborius dux Pomoranorum" confirmed a donation to the bishop of Cujavia, in the presence of "uxoris mee et filii mei Sobozlaui", by charter dated to [1243/50][358].  "Samburius…Pomeranorum dux" donated property to Kloster Doberan, for the souls of "…filii nostri Zubislaui, que Golube nuncupatur", by charter dated 1 Mar 1260[359]

ii)         SAMBIRIA ([1230/34]-Rostock Dec 1282, bur Doberan Abbey).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   She was known as MARGRETE in Denmark.  "Margaretæ Danorum reginæ" granted rights of wreck to Lübeck by charter dated 16 Aug 1264[360]m (1248) CHRISTOFFER Valdemarsen of Denmark, son of VALDEMAR II "Sejr/the Conqueror" King of Denmark & his second wife Infanta dona Berengaria de Portugal ([1219]-Ribe 29 May 1259, bur Ribe Cathedral).  He succeeded his brother in 1252 as CHRISTOFFER I King of Denmark

iii)        ALENTA [Lolanta/Adelajda] ([1231/45]-[22 Feb 1296/15 Feb 1309])The Chronicon Polono-Silesiacum refers to the second wife of "Boleslaus Calvus" as "filiam Samborii ducis Pomeranie"[361].  The Chronica principum Polonie records that her husband "Boleslaus calvus" was disgusted with her because of "pellicem turpissimam" and that she fled[362].  The primary source which confirms her name and first marriage has not yet been identified.  m firstly ---.  m secondly (after 1260) as his first wife, BOLESLAW II "Rogatka" Duke of Lower Silesia, son of HEINRICH II Duke of Lower Silesia, Krakow and Greater Poland & his wife Anna of Bohemia ([1220/25]-[26/31] Dec 1278, bur Liegnitz Dominikanerkirche). 

iv)       EUPHEMIA ([1255/56]-1317, bur Neuruppin Klosterkirche).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m ([1273/78]) ADOLF Graf von Holstein in Segeberg, son of JOHANN I Graf von Holstein-Schaumburg in Kiel & his wife Elisabeth von Sachsen (-[10 Apr/11 Nov] 1308). 

v)        SALOME (before [1256/57]-[3 Oct 1312/1314]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   "Salomea…ducissa Cuyauie et domina Wladizlauie…cum pro filiis nostris adhuc iuvenibus" donated property to Kloster Byszewo "post obitum bone memorie domini ac mariti nostri ducis Zemomizli" by charter dated 15 Sep 1288[363]m ([1274/75]) ZIEMOMYSŁ Prince of Kujavia, son of KAZIMIERZ I Prince of Kujavia, Łęczyca and Sieradz [Piast] & his second wife Konstanze von Schlesien [Piast] ([1241/45]-[29 Oct/24 Dec] 1287). 

vi)       GERTRUD ([1257/58]-[1312]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  

d)         RATIBOR (-before 1276).  "Mestwinus…princeps in Danzk" donated "inter Radunam…et Stolpam…quatuor villas…Svcowia…Mislicyn…Svlislaue…Barcline" to Kloster Zuckau, with the consent of "filiorum meorum…Swantopolco, Wartizlao, Samborio, Ratiborio…et uxoris nostre", by charter dated 24 Apr 1209[364].  "Swantopolcus princeps de Gdanizo" confirmed donations to Kloster Oliva, witnessed by "Wartizlaus, Samborius et Ratiborius fratres mei…"[365].  "Ratiborius…princeps…terre Slauenisis" donated property to the Knights of the Order of St John by charter dated 1223[366].  Herzog von Belgard.  "Samborius de Liubesou et…Suuantopolcus de Gdanzk" donated property to Kloster Oliva, for the souls of "fratris nostri Wartislaui…", by charter dated 27 Dec 1229, subscribed by "Ratiborius dux de Belgard…"[367].  Knight of the Teutonic Order 1269.  m (before 1240) ---, sister of TETISLAUS ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage and family origin has not yet been identified.  

e)         MIROSLAWA (-after 18 May 1233).  "M[yroszlava] et Hyn[gardis]…ductrices Slavie…cum filiis nostris et ducibus Barnym et Wartizlao" donated property to Kloster Mogilno in Colberg by charter dated to [1223/24][368].  "M[iroslawa] Sclavorum ducissa et filius meus B[arnim] dux" donated property to Kloster Zuckau by charter dated to [1229], witnessed by "…uxore domini Sambory Machtelde…"[369].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1229 under which "Barnim…dux Pomoranie cum matre mea" confirmed donations to the Order of St John, made by "domino awo et patre meo beate memorie duce Buguslao", by charter dated 1229, witnessed by "Saborius dux frater domine…"[370]m BOGISLAW II Duke of Pomerania, son of BOGISLAW I Duke of Pomerania & his second wife Anastasia of Poland (-24 Jan 1220). 

f)          WITOSLAWA (-after 23 Apr 1289).  A charter dated 1259, under which "Swantopolcus…dux Pomeranie" donated property to Kloster Zuckau, noted the presence of "tribus sororibus meis totoque conventu eiusdem claustri"[371].  Prioress at Zuckau.  "Samborius…dux Pomeranie dictus de Dersowe" donated property in Dirschau to Kloster Culm for a new monastery by charter dated 23 Dec 1275, witnessed by "…Vithazlaua soror nostra magistra in Sukowe…"[372].  "…Withoslawa magistra…" donated property to Kloster Oliva by charter dated 23 Apr 1289[373]

g)         MILOSLAWA (-9 Jul 1290).  A charter dated 1259, under which "Swantopolcus…dux Pomeranie" donated property to Kloster Zuckau, noted the presence of "tribus sororibus meis totoque conventu eiusdem claustri"[374].  Nun at Zuckau. 

h)         daughter (-after 1259).  A charter dated 1259, under which "Swantopolcus…dux Pomeranie" donated property to Kloster Zuckau, noted the presence of "tribus sororibus meis totoque conventu eiusdem claustri"[375]

 

 

 



[1] Dzięcioł, Witold (1963) The Origins of Poland (Veritas, London), p. 100. 

[2] Dzięcioł (1963), pp. 114 and 123. 

[3] Dzięcioł (1963), pp. 113-5. 

[4] Widukind Rerum Gestarum Saxonicarum, III, c. 66-67, quoted in Dzięcioł (1963), p. 282 footnote 22. 

[5] Widukind Rerum Gestarum Saxonicarum, III, 69, cited in Dzięcioł (1963), p. 134. 

[6] Dzięcioł (1963), pp. 116-17 and 197. 

[7] Knoll (1972), p. W. (1972) The Rise of the Polish Monarchy: Piast Poland in East Central Europe 1320-1370 (University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London), pp. 30-2. 

[8] ES III 1-4 (Pomerania), ES III 5 (Rügen), and ES III 6 (Pomorze). 

[9] Hasselbach, K., Kosegarten, J. (eds.) (1862) Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I (Greifswald), 21, p. 48. 

[10] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, VIII, p. 85.  

[11] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum II, 4, MGH SS XXI, pp. 90 and 91. 

[12] Perlbach, M. (ed.) (1882) Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, Zweite Abteilung (Danzig) ("Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II"), 4, p. 3. 

[13] Riedel, A. F. (ed.) (1838-1863) Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil (Berlin), Band 13, VII, I, p. 483. 

[14] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, VIII, p. 85. 

[15] Baumgarten, N. de 'Généalogies et mariages occidentaux des Rurikides Russes du X au XIII siècles´, Orientalia Christiana Vol. IX - 1, No. 35, May 1927 (reprint, Pont. Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, Rome) (“Baumgarten (1927)”), p. 11, citing N. de Baumgarten, Pribyslawa princesse de Poméranie

[16] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 4, p. 3. 

[17] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 13, VII, I, p. 483. 

[18] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, VIII, p. 85. 

[19] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 37, p. 94. 

[20] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 7, p. 5. 

[21] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 13, p. 11. 

[22] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 247, p. 538. 

[23] Arnoldi Chronica Slavorum V, 7, MGH SS XXI, p. 183. 

[24] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 338, p. 719. 

[25] Annales Colbazienses 1196, MGH SS XIX, p. 716. 

[26] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 43, p. 105. 

[27] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 33, p. 83. 

[28] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, p. 148, citing Suhm, P. F. (1800) Historie af Danmark (Copenhagen), Tome 7, p. 521 (available on Google Book – no primary source cited) and Tome 8, p. 38. 

[29] Christiansen, E. (1980) Saxo Grammaticus, Danorum Regum Heroumque Historia, Books X-XVI (B. A. R. International Series 84), 13, V, pp. 119-20. 

[30] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 21, p. 48. 

[31] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, VII, p. 84. 

[32] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum II, 4, MGH SS XXI, pp. 90 and 91. 

[33] Jordan, K., trans. Falla, P. S. (1986) Henry the Lion: a Biography (Clarendon Press, Oxford), p. 81. 

[34] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 33, p. 83. 

[35] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 37, p. 94. 

[36] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, VIII, p. 85. 

[37] Jordan (1986), p. 177. 

[38] Jordan (1986), p. 180. 

[39] Annales Colbazienses 1187, MGH SS XIX, p. 715. 

[40] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 43, p. 105. 

[41] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 33, p. 83. 

[42] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, p. 148, citing Suhm, P. F. (1800) Historie af Danmark (Copenhagen), Tome 7, p. 521 (available on Google Book – no primary source cited) and Tome 8, p. 38. 

[43] Chronicon Polono-Silesiacum, MGH SS XIX, p. 562. 

[44] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 65, p. 159. 

[45] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 86, p. 205. 

[46] Fabricius, C. G. (ed.) (1859) Urkunden zur Geschichte des Fürstenthums Rügen (Berlin) ("Rügen Urkunden"), Band II, XVI, p. 9. 

[47] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, IX, p. 87. 

[48] Annales Colbazienses 1183, MGH SS XIX, p. 715. 

[49] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 53, p. 129. 

[50] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, IX, p. 87. 

[51] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 56, p. 133. 

[52] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XII, p. 7. 

[53] Chronicon Polono-Silesiacum, MGH SS XIX, p. 562. 

[54] ES III 1. 

[55] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 80, p. 193. 

[56] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 129, p. 296. 

[57] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 13, VII, V, p. 486. 

[58] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 86, p. 205. 

[59] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritte Abteilung - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, II, p. 3. 

[60] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritte Abteilung - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, XL, p. 23. 

[61] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 133, p. 308. 

[62] Brenner, S. O. (1978) Nachkommen Gorms des Alten I-XVI Generation (Dansk Historisk Haandbogsforlag), p. 258 note 147. 

[63] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 129, p. 296. 

[64] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 153, pp. 362-3. 

[65] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 24, p. 20. 

[66] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XVI, p. 9. 

[67] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 162, p. 377. 

[68] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 58, p. 51. 

[69] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 129, p. 296. 

[70] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 24, p. 20. 

[71] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 153, pp. 362-3. 

[72] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritte Abteilung - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, XL, p. 23. 

[73] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 151, p. 127. 

[74] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 205, p. 171. 

[75] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 207, p. 172. 

[76] ES III 1. 

[77] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 262, p. 568. 

[78] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, p. 569. 

[79] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, p. 297, citing "Dregers Codex", pp. 122, 123. 

[80] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 165, p. 385. 

[81] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum II, 4, MGH SS XXI, pp. 90 and 91. 

[82] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 26, p. 60. 

[83] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 29, p. 70. 

[84] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, VII, p. 84. 

[85] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 36, p. 91. 

[86] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 37, p. 94. 

[87] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 40, p. 99. 

[88] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, VIII, p. 85. 

[89] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 48, p. 119. 

[90] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, IX, p. 87. 

[91] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 42, p. 104. 

[92] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 42, p. 104. 

[93] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 65, p. 159. 

[94] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I 786-1250 (Schwerin, 1863), 105. 

[95] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 131, p. 300. 

[96] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 131, p. 300. 

[97] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 13, VII, V, p. 486. 

[98] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 80, p. 193. 

[99] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 86, p. 205. 

[100] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XII, p. 7. 

[101] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 127, p. 286. 

[102] Baumgarten (1927), p. 41, citing Reusner (1592) Basilikon opus Genealogicum Catholicum, p. 469.   

[103] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 24, p. 20. 

[104] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XVI, p. 9. 

[105] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 40, p. 34. 

[106] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 42, p. 36. 

[107] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XIX, p. 11. 

[108] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 13, VII, V, p. 486. 

[109] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 144, p. 343. 

[110] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 24, p. 20. 

[111] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 40, p. 34. 

[112] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XIX, p. 11. 

[113] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erste Haupttheil - Band 24, III, p. 2. 

[114] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 58, p. 51. 

[115] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 151, p. 127. 

[116] Annales Colbazienses 1278, MGH SS XIX, p. 716. 

[117] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 262, p. 568. 

[118] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, p. 569. 

[119] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 313, p. 667. 

[120] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 320, p. 678. 

[121] Annales Lubicenses 1298, MGH SS XVI, p. 417. 

[122] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 13, VII, V, p. 486. 

[123] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 442, p. 395. 

[124] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 13, VII, V, p. 486. 

[125] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 442, p. 395. 

[126] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 58, p. 51. 

[127] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XIX, p. 11. 

[128] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 299, p. 256. 

[129] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 442, p. 395. 

[130] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 13, VII, V, p. 486. 

[131] Fabricius, C. G. (ed.) (1851) Urkunden zur Geschichte des Fürstenthums Rügen (Stettin) ("Rügen Urkunden"), Band III, CCXXII, p. 80. 

[132] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCCVIII, p. 128. 

[133] ES I.3 302. 

[134] Annales Lubicenses 1300, MGH SS XVI, p. 417. 

[135] Knoll (1972), pp. 48-50. 

[136] ES III 1. 

[137] Knoll (1972), p. 115, citing Dogiel, M. (1758-64) Codex diplomaticus regni Poloniæ et magni ducatas Lithuaniæ, 3 vols. (Vilno), I, 568. 

[138] Knoll (1972), p. 115. 

[139] Chronicon Bohemicum Anonymi, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 451. 

[140] Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon Ecclesiæ Pragensis, Caput XIV, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 373. 

[141] Knoll (1972), p. 214. 

[142] Knoll (1972), p. 214. 

[143] Knoll (1972), pp. 229-30. 

[144] Knoll (1972), p. 235. 

[145] Knoll (1972), p. 161. 

[146] Knoll (1972), p. 176. 

[147] Knoll (1972), p. 230. 

[148] Imsen, Steinar 'Late Medieval Scandinavian Queenship', Duggan, A. (ed.) (1997) Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe (The Boydell Press), p. 56. 

[149] Necrologium Runense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 341. 

[150] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Das Nekrolog des Klosters Neuenkamp, Zweite Seite, p. X. 

[151] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Das Nekrolog des Klosters Neuenkamp, Zweite Seite, p. X. 

[152] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Das Nekrolog des Klosters Neuenkamp, Zweite Seite, p. X. 

[153] Annales Colbazienses 1523, MGH SS XIX, p. 719. 

[154] Annales Colbazienses 1523, MGH SS XIX, p. 719. 

[155] Annales Colbazienses 1531, MGH SS XIX, p. 719. 

[156] Annales Colbazienses 1568, MGH SS XIX, p. 719. 

[157] Annales Colbazienses 1560, MGH SS XIX, p. 719. 

[158] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 442, p. 395. 

[159] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 13, VII, V, p. 486. 

[160] Annales Colbazienses 1344, MGH SS XIX, p. 718. 

[161] Annales Lubicenses 1296, MGH SS XVI, p. 416. 

[162] Knoll (1972), p. 194. 

[163] Annales Colbazienses 1413, MGH SS XIX, p. 718. 

[164] Annales Colbazienses 1437, MGH SS XIX, p. 718. 

[165] Annales Colbazienses 1451, MGH SS XIX, p. 718. 

[166] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 53, p. 129. 

[167] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 61, p. 145. 

[168] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 65, p. 159. 

[169] Annales Colbazienses 1196, MGH SS XIX, p. 716. 

[170] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 86, p. 205. 

[171] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XII, p. 7. 

[172] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 127, p. 286. 

[173] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XII, p. 7. 

[174] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 130, p. 298. 

[175] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 126, p. 281. 

[176] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 205, p. 457. 

[177] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 206, p. 459. 

[178] Annales Colbazienses 1233, MGH SS XIX, p. 716. 

[179] ES III 1. 

[180] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 80, p. 193. 

[181] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 129, p. 296. 

[182] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 404 (corrected to 413), p. 860. 

[183] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 202, p. 451. 

[184] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 252, p. 549. 

[185] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, p. 302, quoting "Dregers handschriftlich nachgelaßenem Codex no. 500". 

[186] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 78, p. 189. 

[187] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 234, p. 490. 

[188] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, p. 302, quoting "Dregers handschriftlich nachgelaßenem Codex no. 500". 

[189] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 286, p. 612. 

[190] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 338, p. 719. 

[191] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 415, p. 865. 

[192] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 86, p. 205. 

[193] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 61, p. 145. 

[194] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 86, p. 205. 

[195] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 130, p. 298. 

[196] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 131, p. 300. 

[197] Baumgarten (1927), p. 36.   

[198] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 130, p. 298. 

[199] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 131, p. 300. 

[200] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 206, p. 459. 

[201] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 216, p. 473. 

[202] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 285, p. 612. 

[203] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 308, p. 656. 

[204] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 318, p. 675. 

[205] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 338, p. 719. 

[206] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 308, p. 656. 

[207] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 338, p. 719. 

[208] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, p. 302, quoting "Dregers handschriftlich nachgelaßenem Codex no. 500". 

[209] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, III, p. 2. 

[210] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XII, p. 7. 

[211] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XII, p. 7. 

[212] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, III, p. 2. 

[213] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XV, p. 8. 

[214] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXII, p. 13. 

[215] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, LII, p. 31. 

[216] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CXXI, p. 23. 

[217] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, III, p. 2. 

[218] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXII, p. 13. 

[219] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, III, p. 2. 

[220] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, V, p. 4. 

[221] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXI, p. 12. 

[222] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXII, p. 13. 

[223] Thorkelin, G. J. (ed.) (1776) Diplomatarium Arna-Magnæanum, Tomus I 1085-1259, p. 304. 

[224] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Das Nekrolog des Klosters Neuenkamp, Erste Seite, p. IX. 

[225] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXII, p. 13. 

[226] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXXI, p. 20. 

[227] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXI, p. 12. 

[228] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXII, p. 13. 

[229] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, V, p. 4. 

[230] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXXI, p. 20. 

[231] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXXVII, p. 21. 

[232] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXI, p. 12. 

[233] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXII, p. 13. 

[234] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, V, p. 4. 

[235] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXXI, p. 20. 

[236] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXI, p. 12. 

[237] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXII, p. 13. 

[238] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, V, p. 4. 

[239] Diplomatarium Arna-Magnæanum, I, p. 304. 

[240] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXXI, p. 20. 

[241] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXXIX, p. 22. 

[242] Diplomatarium Arna-Magnæanum, p. 170. 

[243] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, LV, p. 33. 

[244] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 269, p. 222. 

[245] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, LXXVI, p. 4. 

[246] Cronica Principum Saxonie 6, MGH SS XXV, p. 473. 

[247] Annales Ryenses 1272, MGH SS XVI, p. 408. 

[248] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 242, p. 198. 

[249] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXI, p. 12. 

[250] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXII, p. 13. 

[251] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, V, p. 4. 

[252] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXXI, p. 20. 

[253] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXXIX, p. 22. 

[254] Diplomatarium Arna-Magnæanum, I, p. 304. 

[255] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXI, p. 12. 

[256] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXII, p. 13. 

[257] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, V, p. 4. 

[258] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXI, p. 12. 

[259] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, XXII, p. 13. 

[260] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, V, p. 4. 

[261] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, LXXVI, p. 4. 

[262] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 242, p. 198. 

[263] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 269, p. 222. 

[264] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CLVIII, p. 44. 

[265] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CLXVII, p. 50. 

[266] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCCVIII, p. 128. 

[267] Chronica Principum Brunsvicensium 12, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 27. 

[268] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCLXI, p. 104. 

[269] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCCVIII, p. 128. 

[270] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CLVIII, p. 44. 

[271] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CLXVII, p. 50. 

[272] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCXXII, p. 80. 

[273] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCCVIII, p. 128. 

[274] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, CCCXI, p. 26. 

[275] ES III 5. 

[276] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Heft III, DCLVII, p. 86. 

[277] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, CCCXCI, p. 64. 

[278] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Heft III, DCXLIV, p. 79. 

[279] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Heft III, DCLVII, p. 86. 

[280] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CLXVII, p. 50. 

[281] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCXXII, p. 80. 

[282] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CLXVII, p. 50. 

[283] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCCVIII, p. 128. 

[284] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, CCCXI, p. 26. 

[285] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, CCCXV, p. 29. 

[286] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Das Nekrolog des Klosters Neuenkamp, Erste Seite, p. IX. 

[287] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCXXII, p. 80. 

[288] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCCVIII, p. 128. 

[289] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCCVIII, p. 128. 

[290] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CLXVII, p. 50. 

[291] Íslenzkir Annálar sive Annales Islandici (Copenhagen, 1847) ("Annales Islandici"), 1299, p. 175. 

[292] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCCVIII, p. 128. 

[293] Annales Islandici, 1312, p. 203. 

[294] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCCVIII, p. 128. 

[295] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CXXI, p. 23. 

[296] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CLXVII, p. 50. 

[297] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CXCVIII, p. 69. 

[298] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCV, p. 73. 

[299] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Heft II, CCCCXXVIII, p. 24. 

[300] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Heft II, CCCCXXXIII, p. 26. 

[301] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Heft II, CCCCXXVIII, p. 24. 

[302] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Heft II, CCCCXXXIII, p. 26. 

[303] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Heft II, CCCCXXVIII, p. 24. 

[304] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCV, p. 73. 

[305] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Heft II, CCCCXXVIII, p. 24. 

[306] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Heft II, CCCCXXXIII, p. 26. 

[307] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, Heft II, CCCCXXXIII, p. 26. 

[308] Knoll (1972), pp. 30-2. 

[309] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, p. 112, quoting Chronicon Olivense, Königsberger Archive (no precise citation reference), and indicating that it is included in "Simonettis Sammlung vermischter Beyträge zum Dienste der Wahrheit, Frankfurt an der Oder 1750, im ersten Stücke Art. 2, S. 67-82 abgedrückt" (not found in Google Book). 

[310] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 46, p. 111. 

[311] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 75, p. 181. 

[312] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 46, p. 111. 

[313] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 46, p. 111. 

[314] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 17, p. 15. 

[315] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 17, p. 15. 

[316] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 51, p. 41. 

[317] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 46, p. 111. 

[318] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 14, p. 12. 

[319] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 15, p. 13. 

[320] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 18, p. 16. 

[321] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 14, p. 12. 

[322] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 18, p. 16. 

[323] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 20, p. 18. 

[324] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 39, p. 33. 

[325] Annales Colbazienses 1267, MGH SS XIX, p. 716. 

[326] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 51, p. 41. 

[327] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 135, p. 117. 

[328] Hirsch, T, Töppen, M, Strehlke, E. (eds.) (1861) Scriptores rerum Prussicarum, Band I (Leipzig), Chronicon Terræ Prussiæ Petri de Dusburg, III, pp. 67-82. 

[329] Chronicon Terræ Prussiæ Petri de Dusburg, III, p. 114. 

[330] Baumgarten (1927), p. 41, citing Reusner (1592) Basilikon opus Genealogicum Catholicum, I 468.   

[331] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 18, p. 16. 

[332] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 135, p. 117. 

[333] Rügen Urkunden, Band II, LV, p. 33. 

[334] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 269, p. 222. 

[335] Brenner (1978), p. 15.  She is unnamed in ES III.6. 

[336] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 51, p. 41. 

[337] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 135, p. 117. 

[338] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 206, p. 171. 

[339] Chronicon Terræ Prussiæ Petri de Dusburg, III, p. 114. 

[340] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 214, p. 175. 

[341] Knoll (1972), p. 17. 

[342] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 273, p. 231. 

[343] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 489, p. 438. 

[344] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 493, p. 443. 

[345] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 135, p. 117. 

[346] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 217, p. 178. 

[347] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 235, p. 189. 

[348] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 317a, p. 273. 

[349] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 14, p. 12. 

[350] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 18, p. 16. 

[351] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 20, p. 18. 

[352] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 14, p. 12. 

[353] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 18, p. 16. 

[354] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 28, p. 24. 

[355] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 39, p. 33. 

[356] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 40, p. 34. 

[357] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 107, p. 90. 

[358] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 123, p. 110. 

[359] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 183, p. 155. 

[360] Regesta Diplomatica Danica 1109, p. 139. 

[361] Chronicon Polono-Silesiacum, MGH SS XIX, p. 569. 

[362] Chronica principum Poloniæ, Silesiacarum Scriptores I, p. 111. 

[363] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 440, p. 393. 

[364] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 14, p. 12. 

[365] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 18, p. 16. 

[366] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 23, p. 19. 

[367] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 39, p. 33. 

[368] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 24, p. 20. 

[369] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 40, p. 34. 

[370] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 42, p. 36. 

[371] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 177, p. 152. 

[372] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 272, p. 229. 

[373] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 450, p. 404. 

[374] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 177, p. 152. 

[375] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 177, p. 152.