BRANDENBURG

  v3.0 Updated 15 June 2014

 

RETURN TO INDEX

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 2

Chapter 1.                MARKGRAFEN der NORDMARK 968-1144. 3

A.         MARKGRAFEN der NORDMARK.. 3

B.         MARKGRAFEN der NORDMARK (GRAFEN von WALBECK) 6

C.        MARKGRAFEN der NORDMARK 1056-1144 (GRAFEN von STADE) 6

D.        MARKGRAFEN der NORDMARK 1112-1133 (GRAFEN von PLÖTZKAU) 9

Chapter 2.                BRANDENBURG (SLAVIC RULERS), PRINCES of the HEVELLI 10

Chapter 3.                 MARKGRAFEN von BRANDENBURG 1140-1320 (BALLENSTEDT) 12

Chapter 4.                 MARKGRAFEN von BRANDENBURG 1323-1373 (WITTELSBACH) 41

Chapter 5.                 MARKGRAFEN von BRANDENBURG 1373-1415 (LUXEMBOURG-BOHEMIA) 42

Chapter 6.                ELECTORS of BRANDENBURG (HOHENZOLLERN) 44

A.         ELECTORS of BRANDENBURG 1415-1499. 44

B.         MARKGRAFEN von BRANDENBURG in ANSBACH und BAYREUTH.. 48

Chapter 7.                GRAFEN von HALDENSLEBEN. 50

A.         GRAFEN von HALDENSLEBEN, FAMILY of GRAF KONRAD.. 50

B.         GRAFEN von HALDENSLEBEN, FAMILY of GRAF DIETRICH.. 51

 



INTRODUCTION

 

 

Otto I King of Germany created the "northern March" or Nordmark as part of his policy of protecting the eastern territories of Saxony from attack by the Slavs and converting the people to Christianity.  Dietrich was appointed Markgraf of the new territory in 968 (see Chapter 1.A), approximately thirty years after the first Markgraf of the "eastern March" or Ostmark was appointed.  His relations with his Slav neighbours must have been relatively peaceful as two of his daughters are recorded as having married Slav princes.  Nevertheless, the Annalista Saxo records that he was deprived of the dignity (in 983) in favour of Lothar [III] Graf von Walbeck after the Slavs destroyed the churches of Brandenburg and Havelberg and relapsed into paganism[1].  The Nordmark is described as the March in the "Gau der Heveller", and must have existed in parallel with the Slav rulers of the Hevelli (see Chapter 2).  The Grafen von Walbeck ruled as Markgrafen der Nordmark from 983 to 1009 (Chapter 1.B), when they were succeeded by Bernhard son of Markgraf Dietrich who ruled until [1050].  The Grafen von Stade were appointed Markgrafen der Nordmark in 1056 and ruled until 1144 (Chapter 2.C), although members of the Grafen von Plötzkau also ruled as Markgrafen between 1112 and 1133 (Chapter 2.D).

 

The last Slav ruler of Brandenburg appointed Albrecht Graf von Ballenstedt as his heir in 1139.  Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" created the duchy of Silesia in 1163 and the duchy of Pomerania in 1181, both within imperial territory.  This stabilisation of the empire's eastern borders reduced the need for "March" jurisdictions to defend borderland areas.  Brandenburg, and to the south Meissen (as successor to the March of Ostmark), evolved as stable principalities firmly within the empire, although the rulers of both territories continued to hold the title "Markgraf".  The development of the title "Markgraf von Brandenburg" can be traced as follows.  Graf Albrecht had been appointed Herr der Mark Lausitz and Markgraf von Sachsen by Lothar von Süpplingenburg Duke of Saxony in 1123, in opposition to Wiprecht von Groitzsch who was appointed Markgraf by Emperor Heinrich V.  It is unclear how long Albrecht held this appointment, but he continued to use the title "Markgraf" after losing the territory, in line with numerous similar examples in Germany in the middle medieval period.  He inherited Brandenburg in 1140 from Pribislav-Heinrich Prince of the Hevelli.  It is does not appear that Brandenburg itself was a "March" at that time, but Albrecht continued to use his own personal title of Markgraf.  The last Markgraf der Nordmark, Rudolf II Graf von Stade, was murdered in 1144.  After this date, Markgraf Albrecht is recorded with the title "Markgraf von Stade".  A lengthy dispute over the inheritance of Graf Rudolf was finally settled in 1157, when Markgraf Albrecht receiving the Plötzkauer territories.  It is likely that the Nordmark was around this time assimilated with Brandenburg, both being ruled by Markgraf Albrecht, although the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified. 

 

Brandenburg was ruled by Markgrafen from the Ballenstedt family until 1320 (see Chapter 3).  The descendants of two younger sons of Markgraf Albrecht "de Bär" ruled as Grafen von Orlamünde from 1156 (see the document THURINGIA NOBILITY) and, from 1180, Dukes of Saxony (see SAXONY DUKES & ELECTORS).  Brandenburg was ruled by members of the Wittelsbach family of Bavaria between 1323 and 1373 (see Chapter 4), and by the Luxembourg family of the dukes of Bohemia from 1373 to 1415 (see Chapter 5).  Emperor Sigmund pawned the March of Brandenburg to Friedrich VI Burggraf von Nürnberg (from the Hohenzollern family) in 1411, but when the emperor was unable to redeem the pledge he invested Friedrich as Markgraf and Elector of Brandenburg in 1415.  The Hohenzollern rulers expanded the territories of Brandenburg, and eventually ruled as kings of Prussia (from 1701) and emperors of Germany (from 1871) until the end of the First World War. 

 

This document also sets out some information on two families who in the 11th and 12th centuries held the title Graf von Haldensleben (Chapter 7), a small county located to the south-west of Brandenburg. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    MARKGRAFEN der NORDMARK 968-1144

 

 

 

A.      MARKGRAFEN der NORDMARK

 

 

DIETRICH, son of --- (-985)Markgraf über den Gau der Heveller [Nordmark] 968/981.  The Annalista Saxo records that "Teoderici ducis et marchionis" was deprived of the dignity in favour of Lothar [III] Graf von Walbeck after the Slavs destroyed the churches of "Branneburch et Havelbergan" and relapsed into paganism[2].  He was deposed in 983.  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 985 of "Deiterih marchio"[3]

m ---.  The name of Dietrich's wife is not known. 

Markgraf Dietrich & his wife had five children: 

1.         ODA (-1023).  Thietmar records Mieszko's marriage to "Markgraf Dietrich's daughter…Oda", specifying that she was a nun at the convent of Calbe and married "without the approval of the church"[4].  After her husband's death, her stepson expelled her and her children from Poland[5]m ([977/78]) as his [third] wife, MIESZKO I Prince of Poland, son of ZIEMOMYSŁ of Poland & his wife [Gorka ---) ([922]-25 May 992[6]). 

2.         MATHILDE (-after 995).  Thietmar names "the nun Mathilde, daughter of Markgraf Dietrich" and records her marriage to "a certain Slav named Przibislaw"[7].  After her husband died, she was abbess of St Laurentius at Magdeburg[8]m (before 983) PRIBISLAW von Brandenburg, son of --- (-killed in battle 28 Dec 994). 

3.         OTHELHILDA (-1020).  The Annales Quedlinburgenses record the death in 1020 of "Othellulda marchionis Thiedrici filia" as a nun at Quedlinburg[9]

4.         THIETBURGA .  The parentage of the wife of Graf Dedo is deduced from her brother Bernhard being described as avunculus of her son, although she is not named in this passage[10].  Thietmar is more explicit, stating that Dedo married "Markgraf Dietrich's daughter, Thiedburga"[11]m (before 985) DEDO Graf von Merseburg, son of DIETRICH [Theodericus] [Graf im Hassegau] [Wettin] & his wife --- (-killed in battle near Mose bei Wolmirstedt 13 Nov 1009). 

5.         BERNHARD (-[1044/51]).  "Bernhardo" is named as son of "Teoderici ducis et marchionis" in the Annalista Saxo, which also specifies that he was avunculus of Dietrich Graf von Merseburg[12].  He was appointed as BERNHARD Markgraf der Nordmark in 1009.  m [firstly] ---.  The name and origin of Bernhard´s [first] wife is not known.  [m secondly or Mistress (1):] ---, a Slav.  The Annales of Lambert von Hersfeld record in 1057 “Otto frater Wilhehelmi marchionis, sed matrimonio impari, matre...Slavia[13].  It is not clear from this passage whether Otto´s mother was the second wife or the mistress of Bernhard.  Baumgarten states that the wife of Markgraf Bernhard was --- Vladimirovna, illegitimate daughter of Vladimir Sviatoslavich "Velikiy/the Great" Grand Prince of Kiev & his mistress ---.  He cites a single German secondary source, dated to 1722, but this in fact makes no mention of Bernhard´s wife[14].  The authority for his statement is therefore unknown and it is preferable to assume that it is incorrect until further information comes to light.  If Baumgarten is correct, this person could have been the unknown second wife/mistress of Bernhard who is described as “Slavia” by Lambert von Hersfeld.  As the birth of Bernhard´s son by his second wife/mistress can be dated to [1040], this daughter would have been one of the youngest children of Vladimir (who died in 1015) if this is the correct parentage for Bernhard´s wife/mistress.  Markgraf Bernhard & his [first] wife had [five] children: 

a)         THIETBURGA (-1018).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Nun. 

b)         WILHELM (-near Prizlawa 10 Sep 1056).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded in [1051] as WILHELM Markgraf der Nordmark.  He was killed fighting the Slavs. 

c)         KONRAD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Graf von Haldensleben

-        GRAFEN von HALDENSLEBEN

d)         ODA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m CHRISTIAN Graf, son of [GEBHARD [I] Graf von Querfurt/BURCHARD [I] Graf von Querfurt] & his wife ---. 

e)         [OTHELINDIS (-in Saxony 9 Mar [1043/44], bur in Saxony).  The Annales Egmundani name "Othelhildis comitissa" as wife of "Theodericus comes quartus [Hollandensium]" but do not give her origin[15].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[16], the wife of Count Dirk III was the daughter of Bernhard I Markgraf der Nordmark Graf von Haldensleben, but the primary source on which this is based has not so far been identified.  The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records the marriage of "Theodericus…tercius…comes Hollandie" and "Utilhildim filiam…ducis Saxonie"[17].  The corresponding duke of Saxony would have been the Billung Duke Bernhard I (who died in 1011).  However, if Duke Bernhard was Othelindis's father, the wife of Count Dirk III's son Count Floris would have been his first cousin on his mother's side, which seems unlikely to be correct.  "Theodericus…Holtlandensis comes…Florentii filius" recites the ownership history of properties claimed by the church of Utrecht in Holland, including donations by "Theodericus tertius, predicti Arnulfi filius, cum coniuge sua Othelhildis", by spurious charter dated 26 Jul 1083, probably written in [1130][18].  The Annales Egmundani record the death in 1044 of "Othilhildis comitissa"[19].  The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records that "Othilhildis…comitissa" returned to Saxony after her husband died, and that she died there "1043 VII Id Mai" and was buried there[20].  Beke's Egmondsch Necrologium records the death "1043 VII Id Mar" of "Othelhildis comitissa rediens ad Saxoniam"[21]m DIRK III Count of Holland, son of ARNULF Count of Holland & his wife Liutgard de Luxembourg (-27 May 1039).] 

Markgraf Bernhard & [his second wife/Mistress (1)] had one [illegitimate] child:

f)          OTTO ([1040]-killed in battle near Hausneindorf 26 Jun 1057).  The Annales of Lambert von Hersfeld record in 1057 that “Otto frater Wilhehelmi marchionis, sed matrimonio impari, matre...Slavia” had been exiled to Bohemia from boyhood but returned to Saxony after the death of his brother to claim his inheritance, fought “Brun et Eggeberdus patrueles regis” [Grafen von Braunschweig], killed “Brun”, and still “adolescentem” was killed by Ekbert[22].  As noted above, it is not clear from this passage whether Otto was illegitimate or born from a second marriage of his father.  His birth date in estimated to [1040] assuming that he was really “adolescentem” when he died. 

 

 

 

B.      MARKGRAFEN der NORDMARK (GRAFEN von WALBECK)

 

 

For full details of this family, see the document SAXONY NOBILITY. 

 

 

LOTHAR [III] von Walbeck, son of LOTHAR [II] Graf von Walbeck & his wife Mathilde von Arneburg (-25 Jan 1003).  Thietmar names his paternal uncle Liuthar, recording that he attempted to deprive his mother of all her possessions after the death of his brother Siegfried[23].  Graf im Derlingau und im Nordthüringgau 982.  He succeeded in 983 as LOTHAR I Markgraf der Nordmark.  The Annalista Saxo records that he was installed as Markgraf after "Teoderici ducis et marchionis" was deprived of the dignity following the destruction by the Slavs of the churches "Branneburch et Havelbergan" and their relapse into paganism[24].  Thietmar records the death on 25 Jan, in the first year of the reign of King Heinrich II (1003), of "Markgraf Liuthar" and his burial at Köln[25]

1.         WERNER von Walbeck (-1014).  Thietmar records the birth of Werner as first son of Lothar and his wife, born when his mother was "in her thirteenth year"[26].  The Annalista Saxo names "marchio Werinharius" as son of Lothar[27].  He succeeded in 1003 as WERNER Markgraf der Nordmark, until 1009.  After accusations brought against him at Merseburg by Graf Dedo [Wettin], Werner was deprived of his titles[28]

2.         LOTHAR [IV] von Walbeck (-killed in battle 1033).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded as LOTHAR II Markgraf der Nordmark, Graf von Walbeck. 

 

 

 

C.      MARKGRAFEN der NORDMARK 1056-1144 (GRAFEN von STADE)

 

 

The Grafen von Stade created their domain between the lower Elbe and Weser rivers.  They extended their power northwards with the acquisition of Dithmarschen in the mid-11th century[29].  They became Markgrafen der Nordmark in 1056.  For full details of this family, see the document SAXONY NOBILITY. 

 

 

LOTHAR-UDO [II] von Stade, son of SIEGFRIED [II] Graf von Stade & his wife Adela von Alsleben (after 994-7 Nov 1057).  He is named "Liutgerum comitem", and his parentage specified, in the Annalista Saxo[30].  His birth date is estimated from Thietmar recording that his father Siegfried had no sons for use as hostages at the time of his capture by pirates in Jun 994[31].  He succeeded his father in 1037 as Graf von Stade.  He succeeded in 1056 as LOTHAR-UDO I Markgraf der Nordmark.  The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "6 Nov" of "Udo com"[32].    

1.         LOTHAR-UDO [III] von Stade ([1020/30]-4 May 1082).  The Annales Stadenses name "Udonem primum" as son of "comitem Luderum" & his wife Adelheid[33].  Graf von Stade.  He succeeded his father in 1057 as LOTHAR-UDO II Markgraf der Nordmark.  "Heinricus…rex" granted "comitatum Udonis marchionis" to the church of Bremen-Hamburg by charter dated 24 Oct 1063, with the consent of "Ottonis Baiuuariorum ducis, Bertoldi ducis, Ottonis marchionis, Fritherici comitis palatine, Ekkiberti comitis"[34].  The Annalista Saxo records the death of "Udo senior Saxonicus marchio" on "IV Non Mai" 1082[35]

a)         HEINRICH von Stade ([1065]-27 Jun 1087).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Heinricum, Udonem, Sigifridum, Rodulfum et filiam Adelheidis" as children of Lothar Udo [III] and his wife Oda and in a later passage names his wife "Eupracciam filiam regis Ruscie qui in nostra lingua vocobatur Adelheid, quam postea duxit Heinricus imperator"[36].  Graf von Stade.  He succeeded in 1082 as HEINRICH I "der Lange" Markgraf der Nordmark.  The Annalista Saxo records the death of "Heinricus marchio de Stadhe, filius Udonis…sine filiis" in 1087, specifying that he gave "comitatum suum Stadhe" to "Friderico, quem habuit quadraginta annis" while his brother Lothar-Udo succeeded as Markgraf[37].   

b)         LOTHAR-UDO [IV] von Stade ([1070]-2 Jun 1106)The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Heinricum, Udonem, Sigifridum, Rodulfum et filiam Adelheidis" as children of Lothar Udo [III] and his wife Oda[38].  Graf von Stade.  The Annalista Saxo records that he succeeded his brother in 1087 as LOTHAR-UDO III Markgraf der Nordmark[39].   

i)          HEINRICH [IV] von Stade ([1102]-4 Dec 1128).  The Annalista Saxo records "Heinricum marchionem et duas filias" as the children of Lothar-Udo & his wife, specifying in a later passage that Heinrich patruelus of Udo and Rudolf died childless[40].  Graf von Stade.  He succeeded his uncle in 1114 as HEINRICH II Markgraf der Nordmark[41].  The Annalista Saxo records the death in 1128 of "Heinricus marchio filius Udonis marchionis"[42].   

ii)         other children: see SAXONY NOBILITY. GRAFEN von STADE

c)         RUDOLF [I] von Stade (-7 Dec 1124).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Heinricum, Udonem, Sigifridum, Rodulfum et filiam Adelheidis" as children of Lothar Udo [III] and his wife Oda[43].  Graf von Stade.  He succeeded his brother in 1106 as RUDOLF I Markgraf der Nordmark, but was deposed in 1114[44].  The Annalista Saxo records the death in 1124 of "Rodolfus comes frater Udonis marchionis"[45].   

i)          other children: see SAXONY NOBILITY. GRAFEN von STADE

ii)         UDO [V] von Stade (-killed in battle 15 Feb 1130).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Rodolfum, Udonem et Hartwigum Bremensem archiepiscopum, et filiam nomine Liuccardem" as children of "Rodolfus comes frater Udonis marchionis" and his wife Richardis, specifying that Udo died childless[46].  Graf von Stade.  He succeeded his first cousin in 1128 as UDO Markgraf der Nordmark.  The Annalista Saxo records the death in 1130 of "Udo comes de Frekenleve, filius Rodulfi marchionis", specifying that he was killed at Aschersleben by the forces of Markgraf Adalbert[47].   

iii)        RUDOLF [II] von Stade (-killed in battle 15 Mar 1144).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Rodolfum, Udonem et Hartwigum Bremensem archiepiscopum, et filiam nomine Liuccardem" as children of "Rodolfus comes frater Udonis marchionis" and his wife Richardis, specifying that "Rodolfus" died childless[48].  Graf von Stade.  He succeeded his brother in 1130 as RUDOLF II Markgraf der Nordmark.  He asserted his rule with a heavy hand and was murdered by peasants in Dithmarschen[49].  The Annales Stadenses records that he was killed by "Thietmarcis"[50].  The Annales Erphesfurdenses record that "Ruodolfus comes Saxonie" was killed in 1144[51].    

d)         other children: see SAXONY NOBILITY. GRAFEN von STADE

 

 

 

D.      MARKGRAFEN der NORDMARK 1112-1133 (GRAFEN von PLÖTZKAU)

 

 

For full details of this family, see the document SAXONY NOBILITY. 

 

 

HILPERICH von Plötzkau, son of DIETRICH Graf von Plötzkau & his wife Mathilde von Walbeck (-1118, bur Kakelingen).  "Conradum et Hilpricum comitem et duas filias Irmingardem et Adelheidem" are named (in order) as children of "Teodericus comes de Ploceke" and his wife in the Annalista Saxo, specifying that he married "viduam Teoderici comitis de Katalenburh nomine Adelam"[52].  Graf von Plötzkau.  He succeeded in 1112 as HILPERICH Markgraf der Nordmark.  The Annalista Saxo records the death in 1118 of "Helpricus comes de Ploceke"[53]

1.         KONRAD von Plötzkau (-killed in battle in Italy [10] Jan 1133, bur Kakelingen).  The Annalista Saxo names "Bernardum comitem et Conradum marchionem" as the two sons of Hilperich and his wife, and specifies in a later passage that Konrad married "filia ducis Polanorum"[54].  Graf von Plötzkau.  He succeeded in 1130 as KONRAD Markgraf der Nordmark.  The Annalista Saxo records that "Conradus de Ploceke" was killed, transfixed by an arrow, "after the festive days [early in the year]", his body being brought back from Italy to be buried in Kakelingen[55]

2.         other children: see SAXONY NOBILITY. GRAFEN von PLÖTZKAU

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    BRANDENBURG (SLAVIC RULERS), PRINCES of the HEVELLI

 

 

 

1.         BAÇLABIČ [Václav], son of ---.  Prince of the Stodorani [921/936].  m ---.  The name of Baçlabić's wife is not known.  Baçlabić & his wife had three children: 

a)         ---.  m ---.  One child: 

i)          --- (-940).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Prince of the Hevelli

b)         TUGUMIR (-25 May ----).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He was taken to Saxony as a prisoner 928/929[56]Prince of the Hevelli [940].  m ---.  The name of Tugumir's wife is not known.  Tugumir & his wife had [four] children:

i)          PRIBISLAW von Brandenburg (-killed in battle 28 Dec 994).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Thietmar records that the "Slav…Przibislaw" was killed on 28 Dec "by the twin brothers Ugio and Uffiko"[57]m (before 983) MATHILDE, daughter of DIETRICH Markgraf über den Gau der Heveller [Nordmark] & his wife --- (-after 995).  Thietmar names "the nun Mathilde, daughter of Markgraf Dietrich" and her marriage to "a certain Slav named Przibislaw"[58].  After her husband died, she was abbess of St Laurentius at Magdeburg[59].  Pribislaw & his wife had one child: 

(a)       son (994-).  Thietmar records that Mathilde "gave birth to a son whom she raised in sadness"[60]

ii)         LUDOLF (-afetr 994).  Thietmar names "Liudolf" as brother of "Przibislaw", recording that he "abandoned his clerical habit and took up arms" after his brother was killed, but was captured by the emperor and "restored to his previous status"[61].  Clericus 994. 

iii)        [PRIBUVOJ .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  992.] 

iv)       [BOLILUT .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  995.] 

c)         daughter .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[62], she was the daughter of Baçlabić.  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  She was a "captured Slavic noblewoman" according to Thietmar, who gives neither her name nor her parentage[63]Mistress: (before 929) of OTTO of Germany, son of HEINRICH I "der Vogelsteller/the Fowler" King of Germany & his second wife Mathilde --- (23 Nov 912-Memleben 7 May 973, bur Magdeburg Cathedral).  He was elected OTTO I "der Große" King of Germany in 936.  Crowned Emperor at Rome 2 Feb 962.

 

 

1.         PRIBISLAV-HEINRICH, son of --- (-1140).  Helmold records that "fratruelem Heinrici Pribizlaum" was captured by "Kanutum, filium Herici regis Danorum" after he was installed by Emperor Lothar as ruler of the Slavs and imprisoned in Schleswig[64]Prince of the Hevelli.  Helmold records that "Pribizlaus atque Niclotus" succeeded in the Slav territories "uno…Wagirensium atque Polaborum, altero Obotritorum" after the death of "Kanutus cognomento Laward"[65], dated to 1131.  Helmold records that "Race, de semine Crutonis" challenged "Pribizlaum" as leader of the Slavs[66], dated to after 1137.  He appointed Albrecht "der Bär" Graf von Ballenstedt, Duke of Saxony his heir in Brandenburg[67].  The Annales Palidenses record the death in 1150 of "Henricus de Brandenburg", specifying that he had made "marchio Adelbertus" his heir[68].  The Cronicæ Principum Saxoniæ names "in Brandenburg quidam rex qui Slavice dicibatur Pribislaus" who was called "post…baptismo Henricus" when recording that he adopted "Ursum" as his heir in 1139 as he was childless[69]m PETRISSA, daughter of ---.  After her husband's death, she handed the fort of Brandenburg to Albrecht "der Bär"65.  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Petrissa" as wife of "rex Henricus dictus Pribezlaus"[70]

 

 

1.         JAXA (-1157 or after).  Prince of Köpenick.  He challenged the succession of Albrecht "der Bär" Graf of Ballenstedt as Markgraf von Brandenburg but was defeated in 1157[71]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    MARKGRAFEN von BRANDENBURG 1140-1320 (BALLENSTEDT)

 

 

ALBRECHT von Ballenstedt, son of OTTO "der Reiche" Graf von Ballenstedt & his wife Eilika of Saxony [Billung] ([1096/1100]-18 Nov 1170, bur Ballenstedt).  The Annalista Saxo names "Adelbertum marchionem et filiam Adelheidem" as children of "Ottoni comiti de Ballenstidi" and his wife Eilika[72].  He succeeded his father in 1123 as Graf von Ballenstedt.  Lothar von Süpplingenburg Duke of Saxony appointed him Herr der Mark Lausitz and Markgraf von Sachsen in 1123, in usurpation of the rights of Emperor Heinrich V who had granted the fief to Wiprecht Graf von Groitsch[73].  "Palatinus comes Willelmus, Marchio Adelbertus, comes Herimannus et frater eius Cunradus…" witnessed the charter dated 15 Jul 1128 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed an exchange of property between "heredes comites Rodulfi…marchionis…prefati comitis filius Rodulfus…matre eius religiosa vidua Richarde…et fratre predicti pueri Udone iam milite facto et uxorato…" and the provost of Jechenburg[74].  Graf der Nordmark 1128.  He was temporarily deprived of his titles, but rehabilated, by the emperor in 1133.  He strongly opposed the Welf family in support of Konrad III King of Germany, who invested him as ALBRECHT Duke of Saxony in 1138 after refusing to enfeoff Heinrich "der Stolze" Duke of Bavaria [Welf] with the duchy[75].  After the death of Duke Heinrich, Albrecht hastened to Bremen where on 1 Nov 1139 he attempted to obtain recognition as duke of Saxony but was driven out of the town[76].  He was finally obliged to relinquish his claim to Saxony in 1142, as part of the compromise reached between the Welf family and King Konrad III, and returned to the Nordmark[77].  Pribislav-Heinrich Prince of the Hevelli appointed Albrecht his heir in Brandenburg, and he succeeded in 1140 as ALBRECHT "der Bär" Markgraf von Brandenburg, although he was obliged to defend the territory against Jaxa Prince of Köpenick in 1157[78].  Markgraf von Stade 1143.  "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[79].  After a lengthy dispute with Heinrich "der Löwe" Welf Duke of Saxony over the inheritance of the counts of Plötzkau and Hermann von Winzenburg, Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany assigned the Plötzkauer inheritance to Markgraf Albrecht and the Winzenburger inheritance to Duke Heinrich at the diet of Würzburg in Oct 1153[80].  The document dated 17 Sep 1156 which established the duchy of Austria is witnessed by "…marchio Adelbertus de Staden…"[81].  Graf von Aschersleben 1156:  "Adelbertus…comes Asscherslovensis" confirmed a donation to Kloster Ilsenburg by "domino Alberto et fratre suo Tiederico de Crozuch" by charter dated 28 Dec 1156[82].  In 1166, he joined the alliance of Saxon princes against Duke Heinrich, attacking the fortress of Althaldensleben 20 Dec 1166 with Ludwig II Landgraf of Thuringia and Wichmann Bishop of Magdeburg[83].  Markgraf Albrecht was one of the signatories of the alliance of Magdeburg 12 Jul 1167, which formalised the opposition to Duke Heinrich[84]

m (1124 after 7 Dec) SOPHIE von Winzenburg, daughter of HERMANN [I] Graf von Windberg, Ratelberg und Winzenburg, Markgraf von Sachsen & his second wife Hedwig --- (-25 Mar 1160, bur Lamspringe).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  The Annales Palidenses record the death in 1160 of "domna Sophia marchionissa" and that of "soror eius Beatrix abbatissa Quidlingeburgensis octavo die…subsecuta"[85].  "Adelbertus, Brandenburgensis Marchio, et Otto Marchio, filius meus" donated property to Kloster Leitzlau, for the repose of "mee coniugis Sophie", by charter dated 1162[86]

Markgraf Albrecht & his wife had thirteen children: 

1.         OTTO ([1126/28]-7 Mar 1184, bur Kloster Lehnin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Ottonem, Bernardum ducem Saxonie, Sifridum episcopum Brandenburgensem, postea archiepiscopum Bremensem et Hadewigem [uxor] Otto marchio Misenensis" as children of "Albertus Ursus"[87].  "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[88].  He succeeded his father in 1170 as OTTO I Markgraf von Brandenburg

-        see below

2.         HEDWIG ([1124/35]-end Mar 1203, bur Kloster Altzelle).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Hetwigem filiam Alberti marchionis de Saxonis" as wife of "Otho Misnensis marchio"[89].  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Ottonem, Bernardum ducem Saxonie, Sifridum episcopum Brandenburgensem, postea archiepiscopum Bremensem et Hadewigem [uxor] Otto marchio Misenensis" as children of "Albertus Ursus"[90].  A 13th century genealogy refers to a daughter of "Albertus de Hanhalde marchio" as wife of "marchioni de Missin"[91]m ([1144/47]) OTTO von Wettin, son of KONRAD I "der Grosse" Graf von Wettin, Brehna, Camburg und Eilenburg, Markgraf der Ober- und Niederlausitz & his wife Luitgard von Elchingen ([1125]-18 Feb 1190, bur Kloster Altzelle).  He succeeded in 1156 as OTTO "der Reiche" Markgraf von Meissen

3.         HERMANN (-19 Oct 1176).  A 13th century genealogy names (in order) "Albertum, Berenhardum, Fridericum, Hermannum de Horlamund et Zeifridum Bremensem archiepiscopum" as the five sons of "Albertus de Hanhalde marchio"[92].  "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[93].  Markgraf von Sachsen 1153.  He succeeded in 1156 as Graf von Orlamünde, although it is unclear on what basis this territory was awarded to him.  "Alberto Brandenburgensi marchione, Ottone filio eius…Hermanno comite de Horlemunde filio eius, Theoderico comite de Werben filio eius, Alberto comite de Balstede filio eius, Bernardo comite de Anehalt filio eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which "Cazimerus…Pomeranorum princeps" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao"[94]

-        GRAFEN von ORLAMÜNDE

4.         daughter .  The Vincentii Pragensis Annales record the marriage in 1155 of "Wladizlaus dux" and "filiam marchionis Alberti de Saxonia"[95]m ([1152/55]) VLADISLAV of Bohemia, son of SOBĚSLAV I UDALRICH Duke of the Bohemians & his wife Adelaida of Hungary (-1165). 

5.         SIEGFRIED before 1138-[24 Oct/15 Nov] 1184, bur Bremen Cathedral).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Ottonem, Bernardum ducem Saxonie, Sifridum episcopum Brandenburgensem, postea archiepiscopum Bremensem et Hadewigem [uxor] Otto marchio Misenensis" as children of "Albertus Ursus"[96].  A 13th century genealogy names (in order) "Albertum, Berenhardum, Fridericum, Hermannum de Horlamund et Zeifridum Bremensem archiepiscopum" as the five sons of "Albertus de Hanhalde marchio"[97].  Canon of the Franciscans at Magdeburg in 1164.  His election to the bishopric of Bremen, engineered by his father in 1168, was a direct challenge to the authority of Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony, but he was prevented from assuming the position by Duke Heinrich[98].  Bishop of Brandenburg 1173 until 1180.  Elected Archbishop of Bremen end 1179, installed in 1180.  

6.         daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m (1155) DYPOLD Duke of Moravia, son of VLADISLAV I Duke of the Bohemians & his wife Richinza [Richsa] von Berg (-14/15 Aug 1167). 

7.         HEINRICH ([1139/40]-after 18 Apr 1176).  "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[99].  Canon of St Sebastian at Magdeburg 1151, provost in 1161 and 1176.

8.         daughter .  A 13th century genealogy refers to a daughter of "Albertus de Hanhalde marchio" as "abbatissa in monasterio Chutilinburch"[100].  Abbess of Quedlinburg after 1160.  According to Grote[101], the abbess of Quedlinburg from 1160 to 1161 was named Meregard, although he does not specify her origin. 

9.         ALBRECHT ([1131/40]-after 6 Dec 1172).  A 13th century genealogy names (in order) "Albertum, Berenhardum, Fridericum, Hermannum de Horlamund et Zeifridum Bremensem archiepiscopum" as the five sons of "Albertus de Hanhalde marchio"[102], specifying that Albrecht died without sons.  "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[103].  He succeeded as Graf von Ballenstedt.  "Alberto Brandenburgensi marchione, Ottone filio eius…Hermanno comite de Horlemunde filio eius, Theoderico comite de Werben filio eius, Alberto comite de Balstede filio eius, Bernardo comite de Anehalt filio eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which "Cazimerus…Pomeranorum princeps" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao"[104]m (end 1157) as her second husband, ADELHEID von Meissen, repudiated wife of SVEND III Erikssen "Grade" King of Denmark, daughter of KONRAD I "der Grosse" Graf von Wettin, Brehna, Camburg und Eilenburg, Markgraf der Ober- und Niederlausitz & his wife Luitgard von Elchingen (-after 6 Dec 1172).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Odam et Bertam abbatissam Gerbestadensem, Agnetam Quidelingenburgensem abbatissam, quarta…Gerdrudis…quinta Adela…sexta Sophia" as the six daughters of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife, specifying that Adela married firstly "regi Danorum Suenoni" and secondly "Albertus comes Alberti marchionis filius"[105].  A 13th century genealogy names "Adelam" as daughter of "marchio Conradus" and her first husband as "regi Dacie" and her second "de Saxonia"[106].  Graf Albrecht & his wife had three children: 

a)         ADELHEID .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1183.  m MEINHARD von Görz Conte di Istria, son of MEINHARD [I] Graf von Görz & his second wife Elisabeth von Schwarzenburg (-before 1193). 

b)         GERTRUD (-after 1194).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Gerdrudem, Waltheri de Arnestein coniguem" as the daughter of "Albertus comes Alberti marchionis filius" & his wife[107]m WALTER [III] von Arnstein, son of WALTER [II] von Arnstein & his wife Ermengard --- (-after 1199).

c)         daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m FRIEDRICH [II] Graf von Beichlingen, son of FRIEDRICH [I] Graf von Beichlingen & his wife Heleburg von Gleichen (-Dec 1189). 

10.      ADELHEID (-before 2 Jan 1162, bur Lamspringe).  "Adelbertus Brandenburgensis Marchio" donated property to "ecclesiam in villa Apuldere", for the soul of "filie Adelheitis, quo sepulta est in ecclesia…Lamesprinhe" and with the consent of "filiis Theoderico", by charter dated 12 Jun 1162[108].  Nun at Lamspringe.

11.      DIETRICH ([before 1132/40]-after 5 Sep 1183).  "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[109].  "Adelbertus Brandenburgensis Marchio" donated property to "ecclesiam in villa Apuldere", for the soul of "filie Adelheitis, quo sepulta est in ecclesia…Lamesprinhe" and with the consent of "filiis Theoderico", by charter dated 12 Jun 1162[110].  Graf von Werben 1170.  "Alberto Brandenburgensi marchione, Ottone filio eius…Hermanno comite de Horlemunde filio eius, Theoderico comite de Werben filio eius, Alberto comite de Balstede filio eius, Bernardo comite de Anehalt filio eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which "Cazimerus…Pomeranorum princeps" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao"[111].  "Theodericus…comes de Wirben" confirmed the donations of property to Magdeburg Unser Liebe Frau made by "beate memorie pater meus Albertus Brandenburgensis marchio" by charter dated to [1171][112].  Vogt of Kloster Goseck 1176.  "Bernhardus dux Angarie et Westfalie et comes de Aschersleve" confirmed the donation to Kloster Obernkirchen by "frater noster Theodericus comes de Werbene" by charter dated end-Sep 1181[113]m ([1150]) MECHTILD of Thuringia, son of LUDWIG I Landgraf of Thuringia & his wife Hedwig von Gudensberg.  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names (in order) "Cecilia…Iutha…Adelheidis…Mechtildis" as the four daughters of "Ludewicus lantgravius" & his wife Hedwig, specifying that Mechtild married "comiti Dieterico de Werben fratri ducis Bernhardi"[114].  Graf Dietrich & his wife had one child: 

a)         DIETRICH (-after 1171).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1171.

12.      BERNHARD (1140-Bernburg 9 Feb 1212, bur Ballenstedt St Nikolai).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Ottonem, Bernardum ducem Saxonie, Sifridum episcopum Brandenburgensem, postea archiepiscopum Bremensem et Hadewigem [uxor] Otto marchio Misenensis" as children of "Albertus Ursus"[115].  A 13th century genealogy names (in order) "Albertum, Berenhardum, Fridericum, Hermannum de Horlamund et Zeifridum Bremensem archiepiscopum" as the five sons of "Albertus de Hanhalde marchio"[116].  "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[117].  Graf von Aschersleben und Graf von Anhalt 1170.  "Alberto Brandenburgensi marchione, Ottone filio eius…Hermanno comite de Horlemunde filio eius, Theoderico comite de Werben filio eius, Alberto comite de Balstede filio eius, Bernardo comite de Anehalt filio eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which "Cazimerus…Pomeranorum princeps" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao"[118].  "Bernhardus…comes in Aschersleve" confirmed possessions of Marienthal, by charter dated 1174[119].  Herzog von Westfalen und Engern 1179.  He was installed as BERNHARD Duke of Saxony at Gelnhausen 13 Apr 1180. 

-        DUKES of SAXONY

13.      EILIKA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

 

 

OTTO von Brandenburg, son of ALBRECHT "der Bär" Markgraf von Brandenburg [Ballenstedt] & his wife Sophie von Winzenburg ([1126/28]-7 Mar 1184, bur Kloster Lehnin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Ottonem, Bernardum ducem Saxonie, Sifridum episcopum Brandenburgensem, postea archiepiscopum Bremensem et Hadewigem [uxor] Otto marchio Misenensis" as children of "Albertus Ursus"[120].  He was co-ruler with his father in 1144.  Rudolf Bishop of Halberstadt confirmed an exchange between Hillersleben and Walbeck by charter dated 11 Apr 1145, which names "Adelbertus marchio et Otto filius eius" among the representatives of Hillersleben[121].  "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[122].  "Adelbertus, Brandenburgensis Marchio, et Otto Marchio, filius meus" donated property to Kloster Leitzlau, for the repose of "mee coniugis Sophie", by charter dated 1162[123].  "Alberto Brandenburgensi marchione, Ottone filio eius…Hermanno comite de Horlemunde filio eius, Theoderico comite de Werben filio eius, Alberto comite de Balstede filio eius, Bernardo comite de Anehalt filio eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which "Cazimerus…Pomeranorum princeps" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao"[124].  He succeeded his father in 1170 as OTTO I Markgraf von Brandenburg.  "Otto Brandenburgensis marchio" donated property to the bishopric of Havelberg, for the souls of "…Judithe…nostre conjugis", by charter dated 1170[125].  "Otto…Brandenburgensis marchio et Judita uxor mea, filiique nostri Otto maior et Henricus minor" granted customs privileges to the town of Brandenburg by charter dated 1170[126].  "Otto…Brandenburgensis marchio" donated churches "in villa Cechowe" to the bishop of Brandenburg by charter dated 28 Dec 1170, witnessed by "Juditha marchionissa, Otto et Heirnicus filii eius…"[127].  The Cronica Principum Saxonie records that "Otto primus [filius Alberti Ursi]" founded "cenobium Leninense ordinis Cisterciensis", where he was buried, in 1180, and in 1184 "Arnesse claustrum dominarum ordinis Benedicti"[128].  "Otto Brandenburgensis marchio" founded Kloster Arendsee, with the consent of "meis heredibus Ottone, Heinrico, Adelberto filiis meis et uxore mea Adelheide", by charter dated 1184[129].  An undated memorial of the foundation of Kloster Arendsee recalls "Ottonis Marchionis et Alheydis uxoris eius" as founders of the church, confirmed by "Ottonis, Heynrici et Adelberti filiorum suorum"[130].  Pulchawa´s Böhmischer Chronik records that "Otto filius Alberti" died in 1184 and was buried "in Leninensi monasterio"[131]

m firstly (6 Jan 1148) as her second husband, JUDYTA of Poland, divorced wife of LÁSZLÓ of Hungary [later LÁSZLÓ II King of Hungary], daughter of BOLESŁAW III "Krzywousty/Wrymouth" Prince of Poland & his second wife Salome von Berg-Schelklingen ([1133]-8 Jul [1171/75], bur Brandenburg Cathedral).  The Annales Polanorum name "[filiam] Iuditham" in addition to naming the six sons of Prince Bolesław[132].  The Annales Cracovienses Compilati record that "Boleslaus dat filiam suam regi Ungarie" in 1136, but does not name her[133].  She is shown as King László's possible wife in Europäische Stammtafeln which also names her Judyta[134], but the source on which this is based has not been identified.  "Otto…Brandenburgensis marchio et Judita uxor mea, filiique nostri Otto maior et Henricus minor" granted customs privileges to the town of Brandenburg by charter dated 1170[135].  "Otto…Brandenburgensis marchio" donated churches "in villa Cechowe" to the bishop of Brandenburg by charter dated 28 Dec 1170, witnessed by "Juditha marchionissa, Otto et Heirnicus filii eius…"[136].  The Regesta Historia Brandenburgensis records the death "VIII Id Jul" of "Juditha marchionissa gemma Polonorum"[137].  An undated charter, dated to [1190], refers to rights previously granted by "marchio Otto Brand." for the soul of "uxoris sue Juditte marchionisse"[138]

m secondly ([1171/75]) ADELHEID, daughter of ---.  A charter of Markgraf Otto I dated 1 Jan 1177 names "Adelheida conjugis mea et…heredibus meis Ottone et Heinrico et Adelberto"[139].  "Otto Brandenburgensis marchio" founded Kloster Arendsee, with the consent of "meis heredibus Ottone, Heinrico, Adelberto filiis meis et uxore mea Adelheide", by charter dated 1184[140].  An undated memorial of the foundation of Kloster Arendsee recalls "Ottonis Marchionis et Alheydis uxoris eius" as founders of the church[141].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[142], she was Ada of Holland, daughter of Floris III Count of Holland & his wife Ada of Scotland.  Ada´s marriage into the Brandenburg family is confirmed by the charter dated 1205 under which "Ada…marchionissa de Brandebrug" donated land "in Pole" to Rijnsburg abbey, with the consent of "Wilhelmi comitis et Florentii fratrum meorum et Ade comitisse matris mee et Ade neptis mee"[143].  The similarity between "Ada" and "Adelheid" appears at first sight to establish the connection.  However, the chronology is not ideal.  It is most likely that "Adelheid" was the mother of Markgraf Otto I´s youngest son Markgraf Albrecht II, as discussed more fully below.  Albrecht II was named in the charter dated 1 Jan 1177 quoted above, so was born in the mid-1170s.  Albrecht is named in an 1197 document in his own capacity, indicating that he had already reached the age of majority.  If Ada of Holland was his mother, she would have been 12 years old at the most when he was born, assuming that she was her parents´ oldest child (which appears unlikely).  The Chronologia Johannes de Beke names (in order) "Theodricum succedentem comitem Hollandie, Wilhelmum comitem Orientalis Frisie, Florencium prepositum Traiecetensis ecclesie, Robertum presidium Kenemarie, Beatricem, Elizabeth, Adelheydim et Margaretam comitissam Clivie" as the children of Count Floris III and his wife[144].  This suggests that "Adelheydim" was the third daughter.  While it is acknowledged that the order of births as recorded in such sources is not consistently reliable, the order in which Count Floris´s sons are named in the Chronologia does appear to correspond to the order of their births.  If Ada was her parents´ third daughter, it is unlikely that she was born before [1166/68], also bearing in mind that the birth of the couple´s oldest son Dirk should probably be placed in the 1160s in view of his marriage which is recorded in 1186.  This date [1166/68] makes it impossible that Ada was the mother of Markgraf Albrecht II.  A second possibility for Ada´s Brandenburg husband is Otto II Markgraf von Brandenburg (see below), stated to be the case by Alfred Riedel who compiled the Codex Diplomaticus Brandenburgensis series in the mid-19th century: in his index volume, he lists "Ada Margräfin v. Brandenburg, Gemahlin Otto´s II, Schwester des Grafen Wilhelm von Holland", although he cites no primary source which confirms that this statement is correct[145].  All problems of chronology would be resolved if Otto II was Ada of Holland´s husband, and "Adelheid", second wife of Markgraf Otto I, was a different person.  In addition, the timing of Ada´s 1205 donation to Rijnsberg abbey would have followed her husband´s death.  It would also be easier to explain Ada´s return to Holland (why would she have gone back if Markgraf Albrecht II had been her son?) and also the absence of any reference to Brandenburg relatives in the 1205 charter. 

Markgraf Otto I & his first wife had two children: 

1.         OTTO von Brandenburg (-4 Jul 1205, bur Kloster Lehnin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Ottonem, Henricum et Albertum" as the three sons of "Otto primus [filius Alberti Ursi]"[146].  "Otto…Brandenburgensis marchio et Judita uxor mea, filiique nostri Otto maior et Henricus minor" granted customs privileges to the town of Brandenburg by charter dated 1170[147].  "Otto…Brandenburgensis marchio" donated churches "in villa Cechowe" to the bishop of Brandenburg by charter dated 28 Dec 1170, witnessed by "Juditha marchionissa, Otto et Heirnicus filii eius…"[148].  "Otto Brandenburgensis marchio" founded Kloster Arendsee, with the consent of "meis heredibus Ottone, Heinrico, Adelberto filiis meis et uxore mea Adelheide", by charter dated 1184[149].  An undated memorial of the foundation of Kloster Arendsee recalls "Ottonis Marchionis et Alheydis uxoris eius" as founders of the church and names "Ottonis, Heynrici et Adelberti filiorum suorum"[150].  He succeeded his father in 1184 as OTTO II Markgraf von Brandenburg.  "Adelberti filii marchionis de Misene, comitis Friderici de Anvort, Walteri de Arnsten, Cunradi filii burggravii Sifridi de Arneburg ex familia ipsius marchionis…" witnessed the charter dated 1187 under which "secundus Otto marchio Brandenburgensis et frater eius comes Hinricus de Gardelegen" donated property to the church of Brandenberg[151].  "Otto…secundus marchio in Brandenburch" donated property to the Domkapitel, Brandenburg by charter dated 28 May 1197, which names "patris mei Ottonis, marchionis Brandenburgensis…frater meus Albertus comes in Arneburch"[152].  Pulchawa´s Böhmischer Chronik records that "Otto secundus, filius primi Ottonis" died in 1205[153]m ---.  The name and origin of Otto II´s wife is not known.  The Cronica Principum Saxonie records that "Otto secundus" had "uxorem cum magna sibi in Werda gloria presentatam" but died childless[154].  Pulchawa´s Böhmischer Chronik records that "Otto secundus, filius primi Ottonis" married "uxorem…sibi traditam cum magna gloria in Verdn" but was childless[155].  One possibility is that Markgraf Otto II´s wife was Ada of Holland, daughter of Floris III Count of Holland & his wife Ada of Scotland (-after 1205).  This is stated to be the case by Alfred Riedel who compiled the Codex Diplomaticus Brandenburgensis series in the mid-19th century: in his index volume, he lists "Ada Margräfin v. Brandenburg, Gemahlin Otto´s II, Schwester des Grafen Wilhelm von Holland", although he cites no primary source which confirms that this statement is correct[156].  This possibility was also discussed by Hermann Krabbo in the early 20th century[157].  Krabbo´s article refers to three charters, the first in which Pope Innocent III summoned Otto II to treat his wife with love, the second dealing with an attempt to murder Ada, the third Otto´s participation in a crusade hoping that God will favour him with the birth of an heir[158].  Ada of Holland´s marriage into the Brandenburg family is confirmed by the charter dated 1205 under which "Ada…marchionissa de Brandebrug" donated land "in Pole" to Rijnsburg abbey, with the consent of "Wilhelmi comitis et Florentii fratrum meorum et Ade comitisse matris mee et Ade neptis mee"[159].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Ada of Holland was the second wife of Otto I Markgraf von Brandenburg[160], but as explained in detail above this is not an ideal chronological fit.  All problems of chronology would be resolved if Otto II was Ada of Holland´s husband.  In addition, the timing of Ada´s 1205 donation to Rijnsberg abbey would have followed her husband´s death.  It would also be easier to explain her return to Holland (why would she have gone back if Markgraf Albrecht II had been her son?) and also the absence of any reference to Brandenburg relatives in the 1205 charter. 

2.         HEINRICH (-after 15 Apr 1192, bur Stendal St Nikolai).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Ottonem, Henricum et Albertum" as the three sons of "Otto primus [filius Alberti Ursi]", specifying that Heinrich possessed "marchiam citra Albiam, videlicet Tangermunde et Stendal", built "ecclesiam sancti Stephani in Tangermunde" and in 1188 founded "[in] civitatis Stendalensis…ecclesiam sancti Nicolai", dying in 1192 and being buried at St Nikolai[161].  "Otto…Brandenburgensis marchio et Judita uxor mea, filiique nostri Otto maior et Henricus minor" granted customs privileges to the town of Brandenburg by charter dated 1170[162].  "Otto…Brandenburgensis marchio" donated churches "in villa Cechowe" to the bishop of Brandenburg by charter dated 28 Dec 1170, witnessed by "Juditha marchionissa, Otto et Heirnicus filii eius…"[163].  "Otto Brandenburgensis marchio" founded Kloster Arendsee, with the consent of "meis heredibus Ottone, Heinrico, Adelberto filiis meis et uxore mea Adelheide", by charter dated 1184[164].  An undated memorial of the foundation of Kloster Arendsee recalls "Ottonis Marchionis et Alheydis uxoris eius" as founders of the church and names "Ottonis, Heynrici et Adelberti filiorum suorum"[165].  Graf von Tangermünde.  Graf von Gardelegen: "Secundus Otto marchio Brandenburgensis et frater eius comes Hinricus de Gardelegen" donated property to the church of Brandenberg by charter dated 1187[166].  "Henricus…comes in Gardelege" donated property "in Folckfelde" to Lutter church by charter dated 1191[167]

Markgraf Otto I & his [second] wife had one child: 

3.         ALBRECHT von Brandenburg ([1172/76]-25 Feb 1220, bur Kloster Lehnin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Ottonem, Henricum et Albertum" as the three sons of "Otto primus [filius Alberti Ursi]"[168].  He succeeded his [half-]brother in 1205 as ALBRECHT II Markgraf von Brandenburg

-        see below

 

 

ALBRECHT von Brandenburg, son of OTTO I Markgraf von Brandenburg & his second wife Adelheid [Ada of Holland?] ([1172/76]-25 Feb 1220, bur Kloster Lehnin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Ottonem, Henricum et Albertum" as the three sons of "Otto primus [filius Alberti Ursi]"[169].  No primary source has yet been found which names his mother.  Albrecht was not born in 1170, the date of the charter under which "Otto…Brandenburgensis marchio et Judita uxor mea, filiique nostri Otto maior et Henricus minor" granted customs privileges to the town of Brandenburg by charter dated 1170[170].  By that time Markgraf Otto I´s first wife Judyta would have been nearly 40 years old.  It is therefore unlikely that she was his mother.  A charter of Markgraf Otto I dated 1 Jan 1177 names "Adelheida conjugis mea et…heredibus meis Ottone et Heinrico et Adelberto"[171].  "Otto Brandenburgensis marchio" founded Kloster Arendsee, with the consent of "meis heredibus Ottone, Heinrico, Adelberto filiis meis et uxore mea Adelheide", by charter dated 1184[172].  An undated memorial of the foundation of Kloster Arendsee recalls "Ottonis Marchionis et Alheydis uxoris eius" as founders of the church and names "Ottonis, Heynrici et Adelberti filiorum suorum"[173].  Graf von Arneburg: "Otto…secundus marchio in Brandenburch" donated property to the Domkapitel, Brandenburg by charter dated 28 May 1197, which names "patris mei Ottonis, marchionis Brandenburgensis…frater meus Albertus comes in Arneburch"[174].  "Otto secundus marchio" devastated the land of "Albertum fratrem suum", and captured and imprisoned him, but was obliged to release him and declare him his heir[175].  "Adelbertus comes in Arneborch" confirmed the donation to Kloster Ilsenburg of "bona eorum in Pulcriz" made by "avus noster Adelbertus…marchio in Brandenborch" by charter dated 1204[176].  He succeeded his [half-]brother in 1205 as ALBRECHT II Markgraf von Brandenburg.  The Cronica Principum Saxonie records the death of "Albertus secundus" in 1220 and his burial "in Leninensi cenobio"[177]

m (Aug 1205) MATHILDE von Landsberg, daughter of KONRAD von Landsberg Graf von Groitzsch und Sommerschenburg [Wettin] & his wife Elźbieta of Poland (-Salzwedel 1255, bur Kloster Lehnin).  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the marriage in 1205 of "Machtildem" older of the two daughters of "Conradi marchionis Orientalis" and "Albertus Brandenburgensis marchio"[178].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Machtildem…et Agnetem" as the two daughters of "Conradus marchio filius Dedonis" & his wife, specifying that Mathilde married "Albertus…marchio de Brandenburc"[179].  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Mechtildem filiam Conradi marchionis de Landesberch" as wife of "Albertus secundus"[180].  "Mechtildis…marchionissa Brandenburgensis, Johannes et Otto filii eius" purchased territories from the archbishop of Magdeburg, with the consent of "Henricus comes Ascharie, qui tutelam prefatorum nepotum nostrorum gerimus", by charter dated 20 Sep 1221[181].  The Cronica Principum Saxonie records the death in 1255 of "Mechtildis [uxor Alberti secundi]" and her burial at Lehnin[182]

Markgraf Albrecht II & his wife had four children: 

1.         MATHILDE ([1206/15]-10 Jun 1261).  The Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis names "Megthildem filiam Ottonis marchionis" as wife of "Ottonem filium [Willehelmi]"[183].  The Cronica Principum Saxonie records the death in 1261 of "Mechtildis uxor Otto de Lunenborch"[184]m (end 1228) OTTO von Braunschweig, son of WILHELM "der Dicke" Herzog von Lüneburg & his wife Helena of Denmark (1204-Braunschweig 9 Jun 1252, bur Braunschweig Cathedral).  He was created OTTO I "das Kind" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in 1235. 

2.         ELISABETH ([1207/16]-1237).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie refers to one of the daughters of "Albertus secundus" as "filiam que fuit lantgravio desponsata"[185].  "Heinricus Thur. lantgravius et Saxonie comes palat." confirmed a donation by charter dated 16 May 1228, with the consent of "matris nostre Sophie, uxoris nostre Elisabeth, fratris nostri Cunradi"[186]m (before 16 May 1228) as his first wife, HEINRICH RASPE von Thüringen, son of HERMANN I Pfalzgraf von Sachsen Landgraf of Thuringia & his second wife Sophie von Wittelsbach ([1204]-Wartburg 19 Feb 1247, bur Eisenach St Katharinenkloster).  He succeeded his nephew in 1241 as HEINRICH RASPE IV Landgraf of Thuringia.  Anti-King of Germany 22 May 1246. 

3.         JOHANN von Brandenburg ([1208/13]-[3 Jun 1266/2 Feb 1267], bur Kloster Chorin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Iohannem et Ottonem" as sons of "Albertus secundus"[187].  The Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis names "Iohannes et Otto marchiones" as brothers of "Megthildem filiam Ottonis marchionis", wife of "Ottonem filium [Willehelmi]"[188].  He succeeded his father in 1220 as JOHANN I joint Markgraf von Brandenburg, jointly with his brother, the Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Henricum comitem de Anahald" as their tutor[189].  

-        see below

4.         OTTO von Brandenburg ([1209/16]-Brandenburg am Havel 9 Oct 1267, bur Strausberg Dominican church).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Iohannem et Ottonem" as sons of "Albertus secundus"[190].  The Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis names "Iohannes et Otto marchiones" as brothers of "Megthildem filiam Ottonis marchionis", wife of "Ottonem filium [Willehelmi]"[191].  He succeeded in 1220 as OTTO III joint Markgraf von Brandenburg, jointly with his brother.  "Mechtildis…marchionissa Brandenburgensis, Johannes et Otto filii eius" purchased territories from the archbishop of Magdeburg, with the consent of "Henricus comes Ascharie, qui tutelam prefatorum nepotum nostrorum gerimus", by charter dated 20 Sep 1221[192].  "Johannes et Otto…marchioness Brandenburgensis" donated property to Kloster Arendsee by charter dated 6 Nov 1225 in memory of "patris nostri Alberti pie memorie marchionis Brandenburgensis"[193].  "Johannes…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to Kloster Neuendorf by charter dated 11 Dec 1233 with the consent of "nostri fratris marchionis Ottonis"[194].  "Otto…Brandenburgensis Marchio" donated property to Kloster Arendsee by charter dated 2 Aug 1253 witnessed by "domina Beatrix…uxor nostra, Johannes primogenitus noster, Conradus filius frater nostri, Adolphus comes de Dannenberch"[195].  The Cronica Principum Saxonie records the death "1267 in die sancti Dyonisii" of "Otto III" and his burial "Struzeberch in…ecclesie fratrum Predicatorum"[196]m (before Jun 1243) BEATRIX [Božena] of Bohemia, daughter of WENZEL I King of Bohemia & his wife Kunigunde von Hohenstaufen ([1230/31]-Breslau 27 May 1290, bur Breslau Klarissenkloster).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Beatricem filiam regis Boemie" as wife of "Otto III"[197].  An undated memorial of the foundation of Kloster Arendsee names "Ottonis et Beatrice uxoris eius" among donors to the monastery[198].  The Notæ Sanctæ Claræ record the death "1290 VI Kal Iun" of "Beatrix marchionissa Brandburgensis" specifying that she was sister of "Anna ducissa, filia regis Bohemis, coniunx ducis Henrici"[199].  Markgraf Otto III & his wife had six children: 

a)         JOHANN [III] "der Gerechte" von Brandenburg (6 Apr 1244-Merseburg 8 Apr 1268, bur Kloster Lehnin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Iohannem de Praga, Ottonem Magnum, Albertum, Ottonem, Conegundim, Mechtildim" as children of "Otto III" & his wife[200].  "Otto…Brandenburgensis Marchio" donated property to Kloster Arendsee by charter dated 2 Aug 1253 witnessed by "domina Beatrix…uxor nostra, Johannes primogenitus noster…"[201].  The Chronica Minor Auctore Minorita Erphordiensi records that "Iohannes marchio de Brandeburg" was killed in 1268 "in torneamento cum lancea aput Merseburg"[202].  The Cronica Principum Saxonie records the death "1267 post pascha" of "Iohannes autem de Praga, primogenitus Ottonis" at a tournament in Merseburg and his burial "in Leninensi ecclesia"[203]

b)         OTTO [V] "der Lange" von Brandenburg ([1245/53]-[23/24] Aug 1298, bur Kloster Lehnin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Iohannem de Praga, Ottonem Magnum, Albertum, Ottonem, Conegundim, Mechtildim" as children of "Otto III" & his wife[204].  He died from leprosy[205]m (Freyburg bei Unstrut 22 Oct 1268) JUTTA von Henneberg, daughter of HERMANN [I] Graf von Henneberg & his wife Margareta of Holland (-before 13 Sep 1295).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records the marriage of "Otto longus filius Ottonis tercii" and "Gittam filiam comitis de Hennenberg"[206].  Her parentage is more precisely indicated by the charter dated 1277 under which "Jutta...marchionissa Brandenburgensis" confirmed the donation to Rijnsburg abbey made by “matris nostre...comitisse de Hennenberg felicis memorie[207], linking her mother with the family of the counts of Holland.  "Hermannus comes de Hayneburg...Boppone", on his behalf and on behalf of “Boppone filio nostro...Othone marchione Brandenburgensi et Jutta filia nostra eiusdem marchionis uxore”, the hereditary rights of “domina Margareta quondam uxor nostra materque dictorum Bopponis et Jutte” in “comitatu Hollandie” to “domino Johanni de Avesnis comiti Hannonie” by charter dated Aug 1281[208].  She was heiress of Coburg and Schmalkalden in 1291[209].  An undated memorial of the foundation of Kloster Arendsee names "Ottonis et Jutte uxoris eius" among donors to the monastery[210].  Markgraf Otto V & his wife had seven children (the primary sources which confirm their parentage and marriages have not yet been identified): 

i)          BEATRIX (1270-[10 Apr 1312/26 Apr 1316]).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle names "Beatricem…Mechthildim… Gitam…Gunegundim" as the four daughters of "Otto longus filius Ottonis tercii" & his wife, specifying that Beatrix married "Bolko dux Polonie"[211].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  m firstly (Berlin 4 Oct 1284) BOLKO I Duke of Jauer and Schweidnitz, son of BOLESLAW Duke of Lower Silesia, Liegnitz and Glogau [Piast] & his first wife Hedwig von Anhalt ([1252/56]-9 Sep 1301).  m secondly ([20 Sep 1308/16 Jul 1311]) as his first wife, WLADISLAW von Beuthen, son of KASIMIR Duke of Beuthen and Kosel [Piast] & his wife Helena --- ([1277/83]-[16 Sep 1351/8 Sep 1352]).  He succeeded his father in 1312 as WLADISLAW Duke of Beuthen and Kosel

ii)         MECHTILD (-before 1 Jun 1298, bur Kloster Lehnin).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle names "Beatricem…Mechthildim… Gitam…Gunegundim" as the four daughters of "Otto longus filius Ottonis tercii" & his wife, specifying that Mechtild married "Henrico…duci Wratislauie" and survived her husband and was buried in "Lenynensi monasterio"[212]m ([1287/88]) as his second wife, HEINRICH IV "Probus" Duke of Breslau, son of HEINRICH III "White" Duke of Breslau [Piast] & his wife Judyta of Mazovia [Piast] ([1257/58]-23 Jun 1290, bur Breslau Kloster Heiligkreuz). 

iii)        KUNIGUNDE (1271-Berlin after 1317, bur Berlin Franciscan Monastery).  "Otto et Hermannus, eiusdem Ottonis filius…Marchiones Brandenburgenses" reached agreement with the church of Havelberg by charter dated 1298 which names "filie nostri Ottonis, Conegundis et Jutta"[213].  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle names "Beatricem…Mechthildim… Gitam…Gunegundim" as the four daughters of "Otto longus filius Ottonis tercii" & his wife, specifying that Kunigunde died unmarried in Berlin and was buried "aput Fratres Minores"[214]

iv)       OTTO ([1277/82]-after 13 Sep 1295, bur Kloster Lehnin).  "Otto et Hermannus, eiusdem Ottonis filius…Marchiones Brandenburgenses" reached agreement with the church of Havelberg by charter dated 1298 which names "filie nostri Ottonis, Conegundis et Jutta"[215].  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle names "Ottonem…Albertum dictum Bidebherre…Hermannum" as the three sons of "Otto longus filius Ottonis tercii" & his wife, specifying that Otto died soon after his marriage and was buried "in Leninensi monasterio"[216]m ([1289/95]) HEDWIG von Liegnitz, daughter of HEINRICH V "the Fat" Duke of Liegnitz [Piast] & his wife Elźbieta of Poland [Piast] ([1277/82]-[22 Mar 1343/6 Dec 1347]).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records the marriage of "Ottonem", son of "Otto longus filius Ottonis tercii", and "Henrici ducis Wratislauie filiam"[217].  She became a nun at St Klara, Breslau after her husband died. 

v)        ALBRECHT ([1273]-after 13 Sep 1298, bur Kloster Lehnin).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle names "Ottonem…Albertum dictum Bidebherre…Hermannum" as the three sons of "Otto longus filius Ottonis tercii" & his wife, specifying that Albrecht died young was buried "in Leninensi monasterio"[218]

vi)       HERMANN [II] von Brandenburg ([1275/80]-Eldenburg, Priegnitz 1 Jan 1308, bur Kloster Lehnin).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle names "Ottonem…Albertum dictum Bidebherre…Hermannum" as the three sons of "Otto longus filius Ottonis tercii" & his wife[219].  "Otto et Hermannus, eiusdem Ottonis filius…Marchiones Brandenburgenses" reached agreement with the church of Havelberg by charter dated 1298 which names "filie nostri Ottonis, Conegundis et Jutta"[220].  "Hermannus…Marchio Brandenburgensis et de Henneberge" confirmed rights to Stendal by charter dated 24 Nov 1306 which names "patruis nostris…Ottone, Conrado, Johanne, Waldemaro"[221].  After his family had long asserted its claims to Pomorze [Pommerellen], Václav III [Wenzel] King of Bohemia (at that time claiming to succeed his father as king of Poland) granted Pomorze as a fief to Markgraf Hermann and his cousin Markgraf Waldemar.  Their right to Pomorze was recognised 17 Jul 1307 by Peter Święca of Nowe, a powerful local aristocrat, who rebelled against the rule of Wladysław "Łokietek/the Short" Prince of Poland[222].  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records the death of "Hermannus" at "castri Eldemburg" and his burial "in Leninensi monasterio"[223]m (Graz Oct 1295) as her first husband, ANNA of Austria, daughter of ALBRECHT I Duke of Austria [later King of Germany] & his wife Elisabeth von Görz-Tirol ([1275/80]-Breslau 19 Mar 1327, bur Breslau, Kloster St Anna/St Klara).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records the marriage of "Hermannus filius Ottonis longi" and "filiam Alberti Regis Romanorum, quondam ducis Austrie"[224].  The Necrologium Austriacum records "Annam ducissam Bratislavie" third in its list of the daughters of King Albrecht & his wife, after "Agnetam reginam Ungarie, Elyzabet ducissam Lotharingie"[225].  This appears improbable assuming that the birth date of her sister Agnes is correct as shown below.  Considering that Anna gave birth to her fourth child by her first marriage in 1302, it is unlikely that she could have been born after 1282.  If this is correct, it is probable that she was her parents' first child.  An undated memorial of the foundation of Kloster Arendsee names "Hermanni et Anne uxoris eius" among donors to the monastery[226].  She married secondly (1310, dispensation Avignon 28 May 1322) Heinrich VI Duke of Breslau [Piast].  The Chronica principum Polonie records that "Heinrico" married "filia ducis Austrie, que fuit quondam marchionissa Brandenburgensis"[227].  "Anna…ducissa Slesie dominaque Wratizlauensis et Arneborch" donated property to Kloster Arendsee by charter dated 31 May 1320[228].  The necrology of Königsfelden records the death "XIV Kal Apr" of "Anna ducissa Preslavie, soror dominarum duci Austrie et Styrie"[229].  Markgraf Hermann & his wife had four children: 

(a)       AGNES ([1296/98]-28 Nov 1334).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle names "Agnes" as the oldest of the three daughters of "Hermannus filius Ottonis longi" & his wife, specifying that she married "Woldemaro" but was childless[230].  An undated memorial of the foundation of Kloster Arendsee names "Woldemari et Agnetis uxoris eius" among donors to the monastery[231].  "Agnes ducissa Brunswiccensis" donated property to Kloster Arendsee with the consent of "domini et ducis Brunswiccensis conthoralis noster" by charter dated 6 Jun 1322 for the souls of "nostrorum progenitorum dominorum marchionum quondam Brandenburgensium"[232].  "Otto Dux in Bruneswich…Agnes conthoralis nostra" renounced rights in territories Brandenburg by charter dated 4 May 1323[233].  The Libro Memoriarum Sancti Blasii records the death in 1334 of "Agnes ducissa uxor ducis Ottonis de Brunswich"[234].  No children by either marriage.  m firstly ([May/Oct] 1309) WALDEMAR Markgraf von Brandenburg, son of KONRAD I Markgraf von Brandenburg [Askanier] & his wife Konstancja of Poland [Piast] (-Bärwalde 14 Aug 1319, bur Chorin).  m secondly ([16 Sep/22 Dec] 1319, dispensation 4o 10 Dec 1320) as his second wife, OTTO "der Milde" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Göttingen und Braunschweig, son of ALBRECHT II "der Fette/der Feiste" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Göttingen und Braunschweig & his wife Richza von Werle (25 Mar 1290-Göttingen 30 Aug 1344, bur Braunschweig Cathedral). 

(b)       MATHILDE ([1298/1300]-[Jul 1325/31 Mar 1329]).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records that the second of the three daughters of "Hermannus filius Ottonis longi" & his wife married "duci Glogouie"[235].  The Epytaphia ducum Slezie name "Mechtildam, filiam marchionis Brandenburgensis" as wife of "Heynricus dux Saganensis dictus Fidelis"[236]m ([5 Jan 1310/29 Feb 1312], Papal dispensation 4o Avignon 10 Dec 1320) HEINRICH II Duke of Sagan, son of HEINRICH I Duke of Glogau [Piast] & his wife Mechtild von Braunschweig-Lüneburg ([1289/93]-22 Jan 1342, bur Kloster Sagan).

(c)       JUTTA ([1298/1300]-1 Feb 1353, bur Coburg).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records that the third of the three daughters of "Hermannus filius Ottonis longi" & his wife married "filius comitis Bertholdi de Hennemberg"[237].  Pope John XXII issued a dispensation, at the request of "Caroli ducis Calabrie et…Catherine consortis ipsius", for the marriage of "Henricus natus…filii…Bertoldi comitis de Hennemberg" and "Iutta nata…filie --- ducisse Wratislauiensis sororis prefate ducisse Calabrie" for 4o consanguinity dated 15 Apr 1319[238].  "Bertoldus…comes de Hennemberg…et Heinricus noster primogenitus…et Iutte eius uxor…Ludewicus, Iohannes et Elizabecht liberi antedicti comitis Bertoldi puberes" donated property to the church of Schmalkalden by charter dated 1 Feb 1320[239].  Heiress of Coburg and Schmalkalden.  "Bertoldus…comes de Hennemberg" donated property to Kloster Schmalkalden, with the consent of "Heinrici nostri primogeniti ac Iutte coniugis eiusdem, nate…quondam Hermanni marchionis Brandemburgensis" and in the presence of "Ludewicus, Iohannes et Elizabecht eiusdem comiti liberi", by charter dated 7 Oct 1323 witnessed by "frater Bertoldus noster germanus, prior domorum Bohemie, Polonie, Austrie…"[240].  "Juette etwen wirtin grafen Heinrichs zu Hennenberg…und…Johans…graue zu Hennenberg" confirmed the decision of four arbitrators regarding the division of the county of Henneberg between them, naming "Jutte…unsere tohtere…Elizabet grauin von Wirtenberg, Katherin marggrafin von Missen und iungfrauwen Suefftin" and "grafe Johans…unsern…bruder grauen Bertholde von Hennenberg…[und] Ludowige von Hennenberg", by charter dated 20 Sep 1347[241]m ([1 Jan 1317/1 Feb 1319], Papal dispensation 15 Apr 1319) HEINRICH [VI] Graf von Henneberg, son of BERTHOLD Graf von Henneberg & his wife Adelheid von Hessen (-10 Sep 1347). 

(d)       JOHANN [V] von Brandenburg ([15 Apr/16 Aug] 1302-Spandau 24 Mar 1317, bur Kloster Lehnin).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle names "Johannem" as the son of "Hermannus filius Ottonis longi" & his wife, specifying that he was placed under the guardianship of Markgraf Woldemar after his father's death but confined to "castrum Spandow" by his mother[242].  An undated memorial of the foundation of Kloster Arendsee names "Hermanni et Anne uxoris eius, Johannis filii sui" among donors to the monastery[243].  "Johannes…Brandenburgensis, Misnensis et Lusacie marchio" confirmed the purchase of Reberg by Kloster Jericho by charter dated 12 Sep 1313[244].  No explanation has so far been found for this statement that Markgraf Johann was also Markgraf von Meissen and Markgraf von Lausitz, other sources indicating that the latter margraviates were at that time held by the Wettin family.  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records that "Johanni marchioni" died aged 14 in 1317 "in castro Spandow" and was buried "in Lenyensi monasterio"[245]m (before 24 Mar 1317) as her first husband, KATHARINA von Glogau, daughter of HEINRICH I Duke of Glogau [Piast] & his wife Mechtild von Braunschweig-Lüneburg ([1300/05]-[5 Dec 1323/1326]).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records the marriage of "Johanni marchioni" and "Katherina filia ducis Glogouie"[246].  She married secondly ([25 Dec 1317/27 Jan 1319]) as his first wife, Johann von Holstein, who succeeded in 1350 as JOHANN III Graf von Holstein in Plön.  . 

vii)      JUTTA ([1275/86]-9 May 1328, bur Wittenberg Franciscan Monastery).  "Otto et Hermannus, eiusdem Ottonis filius…Marchiones Brandenburgenses" reached agreement with the church of Havelberg by charter dated 1298 which names "filie nostri Ottonis, Conegundis et Jutta"[247].  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle names "Beatricem…Mechthildim…Gitam…Gunegundim" as the four daughters of "Otto longus filius Ottonis tercii" & his wife, specifying that Jutta married "Rudolphus dux Saxonie"[248]m (Papal dispensation Anagni 21 May 1303) as his first wife, RUDOLF I Herzog von Sachsen-Wittenberg, son of ALBRECHT II "Degener" Herzog von Sachsen & his wife Agnes [Gertrud] von Habsburg ([1280]-11 Mar 1356, bur Wittenberg Franciscan Monastery).

c)         ALBRECHT III von Brandenburg ([1246/54]-4 Dec 1300, bur Kloster Lehnin, transferred to Kloster Himmelpfort).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Iohannem de Praga, Ottonem Magnum, Albertum, Ottonem, Conegundim, Mechtildim" as children of "Otto III" & his wife[249].  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records the death in 1300 of "Albertus…frater Ottonis longi, Marchio Brandenburgensis" and his burial "in Lenyensi monasterio" and later transfer to "Celiportam"[250]m (1269 or 1271) MATHILDE of Denmark, daughter of CHRISTOFFER I King of Denmark & his wife Sambiria of Pomerelia (-[23 Apr 1299/19 Nov 1300], bur Kloster Lehnin).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records the marriage of "Albertus…frater Ottonis longi" and "filiam regis Swecie"[251].  The primary source which confirms her name and correct parentage has not yet been identified. 

i)          OTTO ([1269/80]-[11 Mar 1297/1300]).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records that the two sons of "Albertus…frater Ottonis longi" & his wife died during their father's lifetime but does not name them[252].  The primary source which confirms his name has not yet been identified. 

ii)         JOHANN ([1270/77]-[9 Oct 1298/25 Nov 1299], bur Kloster Lehnin).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records that the two sons of "Albertus…frater Ottonis longi" & his wife died during their father's lifetime but does not name them[253].  The primary source which confirms his name has not yet been identified. 

iii)        BEATRIX ([1270/80]-Wismar 22 Sep 1314, bur Wismar Franciscan Church).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records that "Albertus…frater Ottonis longi" had two daughters, of whom one married "domino Henrico Magnopolensi" and received "terram Stargardensem"[254].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m (Neubrandenburg 11 Aug 1292, Papal dispensation 4o Rome 23 Dec 1292) as his first wife, HEINRICH II "der Löwe" Fürst von Mecklenburg Herr von Stargard, son of HEINRICH I Fürst von Mecklenburg & his wife Anastasia von Pommern (1267-[21/22] Jan 1329, bur Doberan).

iv)       MARGARETA ([1273/81]-1 May 1315, bur Ratzeburg Cathedral).  The Annales Lubicenses record that "Nicholaus dominus de Rostocke" broke his betrothal to "filia Alberti marchionis [Brandenburgensis]" before marrying "filiam Buxslai Slavonum principis", a later passage clarifying that she was "Margaretam relictam regis de Kalys" who later married "Albertus dux [Saxoniæ]"[255].  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records that "Albertus…frater Ottonis longi" had two daughters, of whom the younger married "duci de Lawemburg"[256]m firstly (before 19 Apr 1293) as his third wife, PRZEMYSŁ of Poland Prince of Poznan, Greater Poland and Krakow, son of PRZEMYSŁ I Prince of Poznan, Kalisch and Gniezien & his wife Elisabeth von Schlesien [Piast] (14 Oct 1257-murdered Rogoźno 8 Feb 1296, bur Posen Cathedral).  He succeeded in 1295 as PRZEMYSŁ II King of PolandBetrothed (contract broken 1299) to NIKOLAUS I "das Kind" von Mecklenburg Herr zu Rostock, son of WALDEMAR Herr von Mecklenburg & his wife Agnes von Holstein (-25 Nov 1314, bur Rostock St Johannis).  m secondly (Papal dispensation Anagni 24 Sep 1302) ALBRECHT III Herzog von Sachsen-Ratzeburg, son of JOHANN I Duke of Sachsen-Lauenburg & his wife Ingeborg of Sweden (-Oct 1308, bur Ratzeburg Cathedral). 

d)         KUNIGUNDE von Brandenburg ([1247/52]-after 8 Jun 1292).  The Canonicorum Pragensium Continuationes Cosmæ records the marriage "IV Kal Oct 1264" of "filiam Ottoni marchioni" and "filio regis nominee Belæ"[257].  The Historia Annorum 1264-1279 records the marriage in 1264 of "Bela frater Stephani regis Ungarie" and "filiam marchionis Brannburgensis", but does not name her[258].  The Altahenses Annales record the marriage "1262 in autumpno" of "filiam Ottonis marchionis de Brandenburch" and "Bele iuniore regi Ungarie"[259].  The Historia Annorum 1264-1279 records the marriage in 1264 of "Bela frater Stephani regis Ungarie" and "filiam marchionis Brannburgensis", but does not name her[260].  She is named in the Cronica Principum Saxonie which shows (in order) "Iohannem de Praga, Ottonem Magnum, Albertum, Ottonem, Conegundim, Mechtildim" as children of "Otto III" & his wife, specifying that Kunigund married "Bele filie Bele regis Ungarie, fratris beate Elisabet" in 1264, and also records her second marriage to "duci de Limburch"[261].  "Cunigundis olim ducissa Lymburgensis" ceded all her rights in the duchy of Limburg to "dominus Johannes, Lotharingiæ et Brabantiæ dux, consanguineus noster" by charter dated 18 Apr 1288[262].  Her third marriage is confirmed by a charter dated 8 Jun 1292 under which Jean Duke of Brabant received money on behalf of "noble dame la duchesse de Limbourg, seconde femme de feu le duc de Limbourg" and "son seingeur Arnoul le jovene de Julermont et de Mulrepas"[263]m firstly (24/25 Oct 1264) BÉLA of Hungary Duke of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia, son of BÉLA IV King of Hungary & his wife Maria Laskarina of Nikaia ([1245]-1269, bur Gran [Esztergom]).  m secondly ([10 Jan 1278]) as his second wife, WALERAN IV Duke of Limburg, son of HENDRIK IV Duke of Limburg & his wife Irmgard von Berg (-24 Oct 1279).  m thirdly ARNOUD "le Jeune" de Julémont et de Mulrepas, son of ---. 

e)         MECHTILD ([1248/55]-20 Dec 1316, bur Stettin Marienkirche).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Iohannem de Praga, Ottonem Magnum, Albertum, Ottonem, Conegundim, Mechtildim" as children of "Otto III" & his wife, specifying that Mechtild married "domino Barnem" who died "1278 in diebus Nov" leaving 3 sons and 2 daughters and was buried "Stetin in ecclesia canonicoram"[264]m (before 16 May 1267) as his third wife, BARNIM I Duke of Pomerania, son of BOGISLAW II Duke of Pomerania & his wife Miroslawa von Pommerellen (-13/14 Feb 1278, bur Stettin Marienkirche). 

f)          OTTO VI "der Kleine" von Brandenburg ([3/17] Nov 1264-Lehnin 6 Jul 1303, bur Kloster Lehnin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Iohannem de Praga, Ottonem Magnum, Albertum, Ottonem, Conegundim, Mechtildim" as children of "Otto III" & his wife[265].  After his wife died, he entered the Order of the Templars, and shortly after became a Cistercian monk at Lehnin.   m (Vienna Feb 1270, confirmed Vienna Dominikanerkirche 1279) HEDWIG von Habsburg, daughter of RUDOLF I Graf von Habsburg [later King of Germany] & his first wife Gertrud [Anna] von Hohenberg [Zollern] (-[26 Jan 1285/27 Oct 1286], bur Kloster Lehnin).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records the marriage of "Ottoko, filius Ottonis tercii et frater Ottonis longi" and "filiam Rudolphi regis Romanorum"[266].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. 

 

 

JOHANN von Brandenburg, son of ALBRECHT II Markgraf von Brandenburg [Ballenstedt] & his wife Mathilde von Landsberg [Wettin] ([1208/13]-[3 Jun 1266/2 Feb 1267], bur Kloster Chorin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Iohannem et Ottonem" as sons of "Albertus secundus"[267].  The Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis names "Iohannes et Otto marchiones" as brothers of "Megthildem filiam Ottonis marchionis", wife of "Ottonem filium [Willehelmi]"[268].  He succeeded his father in 1220 as JOHANN I joint Markgraf von Brandenburg, jointly with his brother, the Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Henricum comitem de Anahald" as their tutor[269].  "Mechtildis…marchionissa Brandenburgensis, Johannes et Otto filii eius" purchased territories from the archbishop of Magdeburg, with the consent of "Henricus comes Ascharie, qui tutelam prefatorum nepotum nostrorum gerimus", by charter dated 20 Sep 1221[270].  "Johannes et Otto…marchioness Brandenburgensis" donated property to Kloster Arendsee by charter dated 6 Nov 1225 in memory of "patris nostri Alberti pie memorie marchionis Brandenburgensis"[271].  "Johannes…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to Kloster Neuendorf by charter dated 11 Dec 1233 with the consent of "nostri fratris marchionis Ottonis"[272].  The Markgrafs of Brandenburg were granted the advocacy of the city of Lübeck, whose citizens received exemption from customs dues in Holland, as part of Pope Innocent IV's strategy to attract support from the princes of northern Germany to the papal party in its dispute with Konrad IV King of Germany in [1252/53].  The result was that Markgraf Johann and his brother Markgraf Otto III participated in the second election of Willem II Count of Holland as King of Germany in Brunswick 25 Mar 1252, although they gave no support to Willem during the latter's campaign in Flanders in 1253[273].  The Annales Colbazienses record the death in 1266 of "Iohannes marchio Brandenburgensis"[274].  The Cronica Principum Saxonie records the death in 1266 of "Iohannes" and his burial "in abbacia Chorinensi Cisterciensis ordinis" which he had founded[275]

m firstly ([1233/35]) SOPHIE of Denmark, daughter of VALDEMAR II "Sejr/the Conqueror" King of Denmark & his second wife Infanta dona Berengaria de Portugal (1217-Flensburg 2 Nov 1247, bur Ribe, Franciscan Abbey).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Sophiam filiam Woldemari Regis Dacie, sororem Erici regis" as wife of "Iohannes", recording that she died "in Datia…1247 IV Non Nov" during a visit to negotiate an agreement with her brothers "regem Dacie Ericum et ducem Abel" and was buried "Ripis apud fratres Minores"[276]

m secondly (Papal dispensation 7 May 1255) JUTTA von Sachsen, daughter of ALBRECHT I Duke of Saxony [Askanier] & his second wife Agnes of Thuringia (-before 23 Dec 1287, bur Stendal Franciscan Monastery).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Iuttam…Elizabeth" as daughters of "Albertus dux" and his second wife Agnes, specifying that Jutta married "Iohannis marchio Brandenburgensis"[277], in a later passage naming "Iuttam filiam Alberti ducis Saxonie" as second wife of "Iohannes" and specifying that she had previously been betrothed to "Friderico imperatori"[278], although the latter is improbable. 

Markgraf Johann I & his first wife had six children: 

1.         JOHANN von Brandenburg ([1233/42]-Tangermünde 10 Sep 1281, bur Kloster Chorin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Iohannem…Ottonem…Conradum…Ericum" as sons of "Iohannes" and his wife Sophia[279].  He succeeded his father in [1266/67] as JOHANN II Markgraf von Brandenburg.  "Johannes, Otto et Conradus, fratres, Marchiones Brandenburgenses" confirmed grants to Stendal by charter dated 1272[280].  "Johannes, Otto et Conradus, Marchiones Brandenburgenses" confirmed rights to the town of Pyritz by charter dated 14 Feb 1277[281]Betrothed (1256) to Infanta doña BEATRIZ de Castilla, daughter of don ALFONSO X "el Sabio" King of Castile & his wife Infanta doña Violante de Aragón ([5 Nov/6 Dec] 1254-after 1280).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie records the betrothal of "Iohannem [filium Iohannis]" and "filiam Alfusi regis Castelle"[282].  This betrothal was arranged by King Alfonso in order to attract the support of Brandenburg for his candidacy for the throne of Germany[283].  Although the name of the king's daughter is not specified in the source, it could only have been Beatriz as her older sister Berenguela was already betrothed at that date to Louis de France.  m ([1258/62]) HEDWIG von Werle, daughter of NIKOLAUS I Herr von Werle zu Rostock [Mecklenburg] & his wife Jutta von Anhalt (-9 Sep 1287, bur Kloster Chorin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "filiam domini Nicolai Hedwigem" as the wife of "Iohannem [filium Iohannis]"[284].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.   Markgraf Johann II & his wife had two children: 

a)         JOHANN ([1259/70]-1292, bur Havelberg Cathedral).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Canon at Magdeburg 1290.  Elected Bishop of Havelberg in 1290, he failed to receive Papal confirmation due to his youth[285].

b)         KONRAD ([1260/81]-[end 1308/14 Aug 1319], bur Stendal).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

2.         OTTO von Brandenburg ([1235/46]-[Nov/Dec] 1308, bur Kloster Chorin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Iohannem…Ottonem…Conradum…Ericum" as sons of "Iohannes" and his wife Sophia, specifying that Otto led the army against Magdeburg and was captured "1278 IV Id Ian" between "Vrose et Magdeburch", his brothers Johann and Konrad delivering "castrum Huneldesborch et Ovesvelde" for his release[286].  The Annales Lubicenses names "Agnetem filiam marchionis de Brandenborch, sororis Ottonis marchionis cum thelo et Hinrici marchionis dicti ane land"[287].  He succeeded his father in [1266/67] as OTTO IV "mit dem Pfeil" Markgraf von Brandenburg.  "Johannes, Otto et Conradus, fratres, Marchiones Brandenburgenses" confirmed grants to Stendal by charter dated 1272[288].  "Johannes, Otto et Conradus, Marchiones Brandenburgenses" confirmed rights to the town of Pyritz by charter dated 14 Feb 1277[289].  "Otto et Conradus…Marchiones Brandenburgenses et de Landsberge" granted the town of Königsberg free shipping rights along the Röhrike as far as Stettin by charter dated 26 Feb 1292[290].  "Otto…Brandenburg et de Landesberg marchio" granted Schloß Querfurt to the bishop of Brandenburg, with the consent of "fratris nostri Hinrici…patruelium nostrorum Johannis et Wolmari, de Brandenburg et de Landesberg Marchionum", by charter dated 10 Jan 1305[291].  He invaded Pomorze in Aug 1308 with his nephew Waldemar to enforce the family's claim to the territory[292]m firstly (contract 29 Jan 1262) HEILWIG von Holstein, daughter of JOHANN I Graf von Holstein-Schaumburg in Kiel & his wife Elisabeth von Sachsen ([1250]-[3 Jan 1305/1307]).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Eilecham filiam Iohannis comitis Holtsacie" as wife of "Ottonem [filium Iohannis]"[293].  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "…heredis fratris nostri Joannis…Heilwigis uxoris domini Ottonis Marchionis, Agnete uxoris domini de Rostock, Adolphi et Alberti…", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[294]m secondly (1308) as her second husband, JUTTA von Henneberg, widow of DIETZMANN Markgraf der Niederlausitz, daughter of BERTHOLD [VIII] Graf von Henneberg in Schleusingen & his wife Sophie von Schwarzburg ([1272]-25 Apr 1317).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified. 

3.         KONRAD von Brandenburg ([1236/45]-Schwedt [15 Mar/21 May] 1304, bur Kloster Chorin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Iohannem…Ottonem…Conradum…Ericum" as sons of "Iohannes" and his wife Sophia[295].  "Otto…Brandenburgensis Marchio" donated property to Kloster Arendsee by charter dated 2 Aug 1253 witnessed by "…Conradus filius frater nostri…"[296].  He succeeded his father in [1266/67] as KONRAD joint Markgraf von Brandenburg, jointly with his brothers.  "Johannes, Otto et Conradus, fratres, Marchiones Brandenburgenses" confirmed grants to Stendal by charter dated 1272[297].  "Johannes, Otto et Conradus, Marchiones Brandenburgenses" confirmed rights to the town of Pyritz by charter dated 14 Feb 1277[298].  "Otto et Conradus…Marchiones Brandenburgenses et de Landsberge" granted the town of Königsberg free shipping rights along the Röhrike as far as Stettin by charter dated 26 Feb 1292[299]m (Papal dispensation 4o 19 Dec 1255, Zantoch 1260) KONSTANCJA of Poland, daughter of PRZEMYSŁ I Prince of Poznan, Kalisch and Gniezien [Piast] & his wife Elisabeth von Schlesien [Piast] ([1245/46]-8 Oct 1281).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Constanciam filiam Primizlai ducis" as wife of "Conradum [filium Iohannis]", specifying that her dowry was "magna parte terre iuxta Wartam"[300].  "Nos fratres Otto et Conradus…Marchiones de Brandenburg" donated property to Kloster Kolbatz, with the consent of "Johanne Marchione filio Conradi Marchionis", in memory of "…Domine Constantie matris iam dicti Johannis marchionis", by charter dated 17 Sep 1286[301].  Markgraf Konrad & his wife had four children (the primary sources which confirm their parentage and marriages have not yet been identified): 

a)         JOHANN von Brandenburg (1261-1305 after 10 Jan).  "Nos fratres Otto et Conradus…Marchiones de Brandenburg" donated property to Kloster Kolbatz, with the consent of "Johanne Marchione filio Conradi Marchionis", in memory of "…Domine Constantie matris iam dicti Johannis marchionis", by charter dated 17 Sep 1286[302].  He succeeded as JOHANN IV Markgraf von Brandenburg.  "Otto…Brandenburg et de Landesberg marchio" granted Schloß Querfurt to the bishop of Brandenburg, with the consent of "fratris nostri Hinrici…patruelium nostrorum Johannis et Wolmari, de Brandenburg et de Landesberg Marchionum", by charter dated 10 Jan 1305[303]

b)         OTTO von Brandenburg (1262-[1297/98]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded as OTTO VII Markgraf von Brandenburg

c)         WALDEMAR von Brandenburg (-Bärwalde 14 Aug 1319, bur Kloster Chorin).  "Woldemarus…Brandenburgensis, Lusatie et de Landesbergk Marchio" confirmed donations of property to Kloster Marienwalde by "Otto patruus et Conradus pater noster", in memory of "dominorum Conradi patris et Johannis fratris nostri quondam de Brandenborch Marchionum", by charter dated 25 Sep 1305[304].  He succeeded in 1305 as WALDEMAR Markgraf von Brandenburg.  "Otto…Brandenburg et de Landesberg marchio" granted Schloß Querfurt to the bishop of Brandenburg, with the consent of "fratris nostri Hinrici…patruelium nostrorum Johannis et Wolmari, de Brandenburg et de Landesberg Marchionum", by charter dated 10 Jan 1305[305].  After his family had long asserted its claims to Pomorze [Pommerellen], Václav III [Wenzel] King of Bohemia (at that time claiming to succeed his father as king of Poland) granted Pomorze as a fief to Markgraf Waldemar and his cousin Markgraf Hermann.  Their right to Pomorze was recognised 17 Jul 1307 by Peter Święca of Nowe, a powerful local aristocrat, who rebelled against the rule of Wladysław "Łokietek/the Short" Prince of Poland.  Waldemar invaded Pomorze in Aug 1308 with his uncle Otto.  They were repelled by the Teutonic Knights, hired by the Poles to regain control of the area[306].  The Annales Colbazienses record the death in 1319 of "ultimus marchio de Brandenborch Woldemarus"[307].  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records the death in 1319 of "Woldemarus" and his burial "in Chorinensi monasterio"[308].  The Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon records the emergence in Sep 1349 of a pretender claiming to be "Woldemarus Marchio Brandenburgensis" and his death ten years later[309]m ([May/Oct] 1309) as her first husband, AGNES von Brandenburg, daughter of HERMANN II Markgraf von Brandenburg & his wife Anna of Austria ([1296/98]-28 Nov 1334).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle names "Agnes" as the oldest of the three daughters of "Hermannus filius Ottonis longi" & his wife, specifying that she married "Woldemaro" but was childless[310].  An undated memorial of the foundation of Kloster Arendsee names "Woldemari et Agnetis uxoris eius" among donors to the monastery[311].  She married secondly ([16 Sep/22 Dec] 1319, dispensation 4o 10 Dec 1320) as his second wife, Otto "der Milde" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Göttingen und Braunschweig

d)         AGNES (-4 Jun 1330, bur Zerbst St Nikolai).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 11 Jun 1310 under which "Woldemarus…Brandenburgensis, Lusacie et de Landesburch Marchio" granted rights to Stendal, subscribed by "Albertus de Anhalt comes noster sororius"[312].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m (1300) as his second wife, ALBRECHT I Graf von Anhalt in Köthen, son of SIEGFRIED Graf von Anhalt in Köthen und Dessau & his wife Katharina Birgersdotter of Sweden (-[17 Aug 1316/2 Mar 1317]).

4.         ERICH ([1237/46]-Burg Grabow bei Magdeburg 21 Dec 1295, bur Magdeburg Cathedral).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Iohannem…Ottonem…Conradum…Ericum" as sons of "Iohannes" and his wife Sophia, specifying that Erich was "canonicus Coloniensis, Magdeburgensis, Halberstadtensis"[313].  Canon of St Bonifatius at Halberstadt 1264, provost 1267.  Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral 1270.  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1275.  Archbishop of Magdeburg 1283. 

5.         HELENE ([before 1246]-7 Jun 1305, bur Weissenfels St Clara).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Helenam [uxor] marchio Thidericus Misnensis" as daughter of "Iohannes" and his wife Sophia[314]m ([1253/58]) DIETRICH "der Weise" von Meissen, son of HEINRICH "der Erlauchte" Markgraf von Meissen und Niederlausitz & his first wife Konstanze of Austria [Babenberg] (1242-8 Feb 1285, bur Kloster Seuselitz). 

6.         son (Nov 1247-2 Nov 1247, bur Ripen Franciscan Monastery).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

Markgraf Johann I & his second wife had five children: 

7.         MECHTILD (1257-before 1284).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Mechtildem et Agnetam" as daughters of "Iohannes" and his second wife Jutta, specifying that one married "rex Dacie" and the other "Bolizlaus filius Barnimi"[315]m (before 14 Dec 1278) as his first wife, BOGISLAW von Pommern, son of BARNIM I Duke of Pomerania & his second wife Margareta von Werle [Mecklenburg] (before 1258-19 Feb 1309, bur Stettin Marienkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1278 as BOGISLAW IV Duke of Pomerania zu Wolgast. 

8.         AGNES ([1258/61]-early Oct 1304, bur Ringsted Church).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Mechtildem et Agnetam" as daughters of "Iohannes" & his second wife Jutta, specifying that one married "rex Dacie" and the other "Bolizlaus filius Barnimi"[316].  The Annales Lubicenses records the marriage in 1273 of "Ericus Danorum rex, Christofori filius" and "Agnetem filiam marchionis de Brandenborch, sororis Ottonis marchionis"[317].  The Vetus Chronica Sialandie records the death in 1304 of "comitissa Agnes, que prius fuit regina Danorum"[318].  The burial records of Ringsted record "Ericus rex, filius Erici regis" and "mater sua Agnes regina uxor regis Erici…filia Alberti marchionis Brandenburgensis" who died "III Kal Oct" in 1303[319]m firstly (Schleswig 11 Nov 1273) ERIK V "Klipping" King of Denmark, son of CHRISTOFFER I King of Denmark & his wife Sambiria of Pomerelia ([Lolland 1249]-murdered Finderup, near Viborg 22 Nov 1286, bur Viborg Cathedral).  m secondly (1293, Papal dispensation Anagni 3 Aug 1295) as his second wife, GERHARD II Graf von Holstein in Plön, son of GERHARD I Graf von Holstein in Itzehoe & his first wife Elisabeth von Mecklenburg (1254-Plön 28 Oct 1312, bur Hamburg Cathedral).

9.         ALBRECHT ([1258/59]-[21 Aug 1292/16 Aug 1293]).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Albertum, Hermannum et Henricum" as sons of "Iohannes" and his second wife Jutta[320]

10.      HERMANN ([1259/60]-1291 before 12 Jul, bur Havelberg Cathedral).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Albertum, Hermannum et Henricum" as sons of "Iohannes" and his second wife Jutta[321].  He was elected Bishop of Havelberg 1290. 

11.      HEINRICH [I] von Brandenburg "ohne Land" (1260-14 Feb 1318).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Albertum, Hermannum et Henricum" as sons of "Iohannes" and his second wife Jutta[322].  The Annales Lubicenses names "Agnetem filiam marchionis de Brandenborch, sororis Ottonis marchionis cum thelo et Hinrici marchionis dicti ane land"[323].  "Otto…Brandenburg et de Landesberg marchio" granted Schloß Querfurt to the bishop of Brandenburg, with the consent of "fratris nostri Hinrici…patruelium nostrorum Johannis et Wolmari, de Brandenburg et de Landesberg Marchionum", by charter dated 10 Jan 1305[324]m ([Nov 1298/19 May 1303], Papal dispensation Anagni 19 May 1303) as her second husband, AGNES von Bayern, widow of HEINRICH Landgraf von Hessen, daughter of LUDWIG II "der Strenge" Duke of Bavaria, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his third wife Mechtild von Habsburg ([1276/78]-22 Jul 1345).  Her origin is confirmed by the charter dated 21 Aug 1323 under which "Ludowicus…Romanorum Rex" granted rights to "Sophie…sororis nostre Agnetis, relicte quondam Henrici Marchionis Brandenburgensis, filie"[325].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  Markgraf Heinrich & his wife had four children (the primary sources which confirm their parentage and marriages have not yet been identified): 

a)         JUTTA ([1299/1306]-[15 Jul 1325/early Feb 1327])m (before 16 Apr 1318) as his first wife, HEINRICH von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, son of HEINRICH I Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Grubenhagen und Salzderhelden & his wife Agnes von Meissen ([1289]-[10 Apr/8 Jun] 1351, bur Grubenhagen).  He succeeded his father in 1322 as HEINRICH II "der Junge" Herzog von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen

b)         SOPHIE (1300-[1356]).  "Ludowicus…Romanorum Rex" granted rights to "Sophie…sororis nostre Agnetis, relicte quondam Henrici Marchionis Brandenburgensis, filie" by charter dated 21 Aug 1323[326]m (1327) MAGNUS I Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Göttingen, son of ALBRECHT II "der Fette/der Feiste" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Göttingen und Braunschweig & his wife Richza von Werle ([1304]-[15 Jun/15 Aug] 1369, bur Lüneburg St Michaelis).

c)         MARGARETE (1301-31 Mar 1347, bur Weissenfels St Klara).  Abbess of St Klara at Weissenfels.

d)         HEINRICH von Brandenburg ([1302/10]-early Jul 1320, bur Prenzlau Marienkirche).   

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    MARKGRAFEN von BRANDENBURG 1323-1373 (WITTELSBACH)

 

 

Full details of this family are set out in the document BAVARIA DUKES. 

 

 

Half-brothers: 

1.         LUDWIG von Bayern, son of Emperor LUDWIG IV "der Bayer" King of Germany, Duke of Bavaria, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his first wife Beatrix von Schweidnitz [Piast] (Jul 1316-Zorneding 18 Sep 1361, bur Munich).  He was installed in 1323 by his father as LUDWIG I Markgraf von Brandenburg.  Duke of Carinthia and Graf von Tirol 1340.  He succeeded his father in 1347 as LUDWIG V "der Brandenburger" joint Duke of Bavaria.  He and his brothers partitioned their territories 1349, he kept Upper Bavaria.  He abdicated in Brandenburg in 1351 in favour of his younger half-brother Ludwig VI. 

2.         LUDWIG von Bayern, son of Emperor LUDWIG IV King of Germany, Duke of Bavaria Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his second wife Marguerite de Hainaut [Avesnes] Ctss de Hainaut, Holland and Zeeland (Rome 12 May 1330-Berlin 17 May 1365, bur Berlin Church of the Franciscan Order).  He succeeded in 1347 as LUDWIG VI "der Römer" joint Duke of Bavaria.  He and his brothers partitioned their territories 1349, he kept Upper Bavaria jointly until 1351 when he succeeded on the abdication of his older half-brother Ludwig V as LUDWIG II Markgraf von Brandenburg.    

3.         OTTO von Bayern (Munich 1340 or 1342-Schloß Wolfstein an der Isar 15 Nov 1379, bur Seligenthal).  He succeeded in 1347 as OTTO V "der Faule" joint Duke of Bavaria.  He and his brothers partitioned their territories 1349, he kept Upper Bavaria jointly which he renounced 1351 in favour of his brother Ludwig V who in return renounced Brandenburg in his favour (minor until 1360).  He ruled alone as OTTO Markgraf von Brandenburg from 1365.  Under the agreement of Fürstenwalde 18 Aug 1373, Emperor Karl acquired the mark of Brandenburg from Markgraf Otto along with a further residence at Tangermünde[327].  Duke of Lower Bavaria 1375-1376. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    MARKGRAFEN von BRANDENBURG 1373-1415 (LUXEMBOURG-BOHEMIA)

 

 

Full details of this family are set out in the documents BOHEMIA and MORAVIA. 

 

 

JEAN de Luxembourg, son of HEINRICH VII King of Germany, Comte de Luxembourg [later Emperor] & his wife Marguerite de Brabant (Château de Luxembourg 10 Aug 1296-killed in battle Crécy 26 Aug 1346, bur Abbaye de Valloire, transferred to Münster Abbey, transferred 25 Aug 1946 to Luxembourg, Cathédrale de Notre-Dame).  He was elected JAN King of Bohemia at Speyer 30 Aug 1310, crowned 7 Feb 1311 at Prague.   

1.         WENZEL of Bohemia (Prague 14 May 1316-Prague 29 Nov 1378, bur Prague Cathedral St Veit).  Elected KARL IV King of Germany in 1346.  He succeeded his father in 1346 as KARL King of Bohemia.  Crowned Emperor KARL IV at Rome 5 Apr 1355.  He was regent of Brandenburg 1373-1375. 

a)         WENZEL (Nürnberg 26 Feb 1361-Schloß Konratitz 16 Aug 1419, bur Prague Cathedral St Veit).  Crowned as WENZEL IV King of Bohemia 15 Jun 1363, during the lifetime of his father.  He succeeded in 1373 as WENZEL II Markgraf of Brandenburg, until 1378.  Elected WENZEL King of Germany at Frankfurt-am-Main 10 Jun 1376, crowned at Aachen 21 Jul 1376.  Duc de Luxembourg et Comte de Chiny 1383-1386.  Deposed as King of Germany at Bacharach 24 Mar 1400. 

b)         SIGMUND (Prague 15 Feb 1368-Znaim/Znojmo 9 Dec 1437, bur Cathedral of Grosswardein/Szarvas, Hungary).  He succeeded in 1378 as SIGMUND Markgraf von Brandenburg until 1395, when he was obliged to pawn the territory to his cousin Jobst, and again after the death of Jobst in 1411 until 1415.  He was elected ZSIGMOND King of Hungary in 1386.  He succeeded his younger brother Johann in 1396 in Neumark und Lausitz, territories which he sold to the Knights of the Teutonic Order in 1402[328].  Elected SIGMUND King of Germany at Frankfurt-am-Main 14 Sep 1410, confirmed 21 Jul 1411, crowned at Aachen 8 Nov 1414.  Elected ZIKMUND King of Bohemia at Hradschin 28 Jul 1410, crowned at Prague 27 Jul 1420 after the death of his older half-brother King Wenzel IV, when he also succeeded as Duc de Luxembourg.  Crowned King of Italy at Milan 25 Nov 1431.  Crowned Emperor SIGMUND at Rome 31 May 1433.    

c)         JOHANN (Prague 22 Jun 1370-Kloster Neuzelle 1 Mar 1396, bur Prague Cathedral St Veit).  Herzog von Görlitz.  He succeeded his brother in 1378 as JOHANN Markgraf of Brandenburg, in der Neumark und Lausitz. 

2.         JOHANN HEINRICH (Melnik 12 Feb 1322-12 Nov 1375, bur Brno Kloster St Thomas)

a)         JODOK [Jobst] (1354-Spielberg near Brno 18 Jan 1411, bur Brno St Thomas).  He succeeded his father in 1375 as JODOK Markgraf of Moravia.  He succeeded in 1388 as JOBST Markgraf von Brandenburg.  Duc de Luxembourg 1386-1402.  Regent of Bohemia 1394.  Elected King of Germany 1410. 

b)         other children: see MORAVIA

3.         other children: see BOHEMIA.   

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    ELECTORS of BRANDENBURG (HOHENZOLLERN)

 

 

A.      ELECTORS of BRANDENBURG 1415-1499

 

 

FRIEDRICH von Nürnberg, son of FRIEDRICH V joint Burggraf von Nürnberg & his wife Elisabeth von Meissen ([6 Aug/26 Nov] 1371-Schloß Kadolzburg 20 Sep 1440, bur Kloster Heilsbronn).  He succeeded on the abdication of his father in 1397 as FRIEDRICH VI joint Burggraf von Nürnberg, jointly with his brother.  Oberster Verweser (Chief Administrator) der Mark at Ofen 8 Jul 1411, pawned to him by Emperor Sigismund.  The emperor was unable to redeem the pledge and created him FRIEDRICH I Markgraf and Elector of Brandenburg by Imperial Order at Konstanz 30 Apr 1415, solemn investiture 1417.  He sold his castle of Nürnberg in 1427 to Nürnberg town.  The necrology of Kaisheim records the death "XII Kal Oct" of "Fridericus marchio de Brandenburg senior, defensor noster"[329]

m (Schongau am Lech 18 Sep 1401) ELISABETH von Bayern-Landshut, daughter of FRIEDRICH Duke of Bavaria in Landshut & his second wife Maddalena Visconti (1383-Schloß Ansbach 13 Nov 1442, bur Kloster Heilsbronn). 

Elector Friedrich I & his wife had ten children: 

1.         ELISABETH ([1 May/29 Sep] 1403-Liegnitz 31 Oct 1449, bur Liegnitz Kartause)m firstly (Konstanz 9 Apr 1418) as his second wife, LUDWIG II Duke of Brieg and Liegnitz, son of HEINRICH VII Herzog von Lüben und Brieg & his second wife Małgorzata of Mazovia ([1380/85]-30 May 1436).  m secondly ([9 Dec 1438/5 Feb 1439]) WENZEL I Duke of Teschen, son of BOLKO I Duke of Auschwitz und Teschen [Piast] & his second wife Euphemia of Mazovia [Piast] ([1413/18]-1474).

2.         JOHANN "der Alchymist" (1406-Baiersdorf 16 Nov 1464, bur Heilsbronn).  Verweser der Mark until 1437.  He renounced his rights of succession on the death of his father.  Verweser von Bayreuth in 1440, to which he renounced his rights in 1457.  m (contract 25 Aug 1411, before 26 May 1416) BARBARA von Sachsen, daughter of RUDOLF III Elector of Saxony & his first wife Anna von Thüringen [Wettin] (after 1406-Bayreuth 10 Oct 1465, bur Bayreuth Pfarrkirche).  Johann & his wife had four children: 

a)         BARBARA (1423-Mantua 7 Nov 1481, bur Mantua San Francesco)m (Mantua 12 Nov 1433) LODOVICO di Gonzaga di Mantua, son of GIANFRANCESCO Gonzaga Marchese di Mantua & his wife Paula Malatesta (5 Jun 1414-12 Jun 1478).  He succeeded his father in 1444 as LODOVICO III Marchese di Mantua

b)         RUDOLF (Trebitz, Saxony 2 Feb 1424-Oct 1424).

c)         ELISABETH (1425-after 13 Jan 1465)m firstly (29 Sep 1440) JOACHIM Duke of Pomerania, son of KASIMIR V Duke of Pomerania in Stettin & his first wife Katharina von Braunschweig-Lüneburg ([1427]-1451 after 8 Sep).  m secondly (5 Mar 1454) as his first wife, WARTISLAW X Duke of Pomerania, son of WARTISLAW IX Duke of Pomerania & his wife Sophie von Sachsen-Lauenburg (-17 Dec 1478).

d)         DOROTHEA (1430-Kalundborg 25 Nov 1495, bur Roskilde Cathedral)m firstly (Copenhagen 12 Sep 1445) CHRISTOPHER III King of Denmark Norway and Sweden Pfalzgraf von Neunburg und Neumarkt, son of JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Neuburg vorm Wald und in Neumarkt & his first wife Katharina von Pommern-Stolp (26 Feb 1416-Helsingborg 5/6 Jan 1448, bur Roskilde Cathedral).  m secondly (Copenhagen 28 Oct 1449) CHRISTIAN I King of Denmark Norway and Sweden Graf von Oldenburg, son of (Oldenburg Feb 1426-Copenhagen 21 May 1481 bur Roskilde Cathedral). 

Johann had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

e)         FRITZ .  1456. 

3.         CÄCILIE (-4 Jan 1449, bur Braunschweig Cathedral).  The Notæ Sancti Blasii name "Cecilia de Brandenburg" as wife of "princeps dominus Wilhelmus in Brunswik et Lunenburg dux"[330]m (Berlin 30 May 1423) as his first wife, WILHELM I "der Ältere" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Wolfenbüttel, son of HEINRICH II Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg & his first wife Sophie von Pommern (1392-Braunschweig 25 Jul 1482, bur Braunschweig Cathedral).

4.         MARGARETA ([1410]-Landshut 27 Jul 1465, bur Kloster Seligenthal)Betrothed (1423) ALBRECHT V Herzog von Mecklenburg, son of ALBRECHT III joint Herzog von Mecklenburg & his first wife Richardis von Schwerin (-[1 Jun/6 Dec] 1423, bur Gadebusch).  m firstly (Ingolstadt 20 Jul 1441) LUDWIG von Bayern-Ingolstadt, son of LUDWIG VII "der Bärtige" Duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt & his first wife Anne de Bourbon (1 Sep 1403-Ingolstadt 7 Apr 1445, bur Ingolstadt Unsere Liebe Frau).  He succeeded his father in 1443 as LUDWIG VIII "der Höckrige" Duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadtm secondly (1446) MARTIN von Waldenfels zu Wartenfels (-before 7 May 1471).

5.         MAGDALENA ([1412]-Scharnebeck 27 Oct 1454, bur Scharnebeck)m (Tangermünde 3 Jul 1429, 16 Sep 1430) FRIEDRICH von Braunschweig, son of BERNHARD I Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg & his wife Margareta von Sachsen-Wittenberg (-Celle 19 Mar 1478, bur Celle Grauemönchskloster).  He succeeded his brother in 1445 as FRIEDRICH "der Fromme" Herzog von Braunschweig in Lüneburg

6.         FRIEDRICH (Tangermünde 19 Nov 1413-Neustadt am Aisch 10 Feb 1471, bur Heilsbronn).  Verweser der Mark 1437.  He succeeded his father in 1440 as FRIEDRICH II Markgraf and Elector of Brandenburg.  He abdicated in 1470 in favour of his brother, in return for the principality of Kulmbach.  m (Wittenberg 11 Jun 1441) KATHARINA von Sachsen, daughter of FRIEDRICH I "der Streitbare" Elector of Saxony & his wife Katharina von Braunschweig (1421-Berlin 23 Aug 1476, bur Kloster Lehnin).  Elector Friedrich II & his wife had four children: 

a)         DOROTHEA (1448-1519 before 20 Mar, bur Ratzeburg)m (Lüneburg 12 Feb 1464) JOHANN V Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg, son of BERNHARD II Herzog von Sachsen in Lauenburg und Ratzeburg & his wife Adelheid von Pommern (18 Jul 1439-15 Aug 1507, bur Ratzeburg Cathedral).

b)         MARGARETA ([1447/52]-1489, bur Wolgast)m (Prenzlau 21 Sep 1477) as his first wife, BOGISLAW X "der Grosse" Duke of Pomerania, son of ERICH II Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast & his wife Sophie von Pommern (Stolp 3 Jul 1454-Stettin 5 Oct 1523, bur Stettin).

c)         JOHANN (before 13 Dec 1452-before 1454).

d)         ERASMUS (after 1453-[1464/65]).

7.         ALBRECHT ACHILLES (Tangermünde 29 Nov 1414-Frankfurt am Main 11 Mar 1486, bur Heilsbronn).  He succeeded in 1440 in Ansbach.  He succeeded in 1457 in Bayreuth, on the abdication of his brother Johann.  He succeeded on the abdication of his brother in 1470 as ALBRECHT ACHILLES Elector of Brandenburg

-        see below

8.         SOPHIE (Nürnberg [1 May/29 Sep] 1416-[1416/17]).

9.         DOROTHEA (Berlin 9 Feb 1420-Kloster Rehna 19 Jan 1491, bur Gadebusch)m (1432) HEINRICH IV "der Fette" Herzog von Mecklenburg, son of JOHANN IV Herzog von Mecklenburg & his second wife Katharina von Sachsen-Lauenburg (1417-9 Mar 1477).

10.      FRIEDRICH "der Jüngere/der Fette" ([1424]-Tangermünde 6 Oct 1463).  Herr der Altmark and Priegnitz 1447.  m (Tangermünde 9 Feb 1449) as her first husband, AGNES von Pommern, daughter of BARNIM VIII Duke of Pomerania & his wife Agnes von Wunstorf ([1436]-Bernburg 9 May 1512, bur Ballenstedt).  She married secondly (1478) Georg II Fürst von Anhalt-Zerbst.  Friedrich & his wife had one child: 

a)         MAGDALENE (1460-Burg Hohenzollern 17 Jun 1496, bur Hechingen)m (Berlin Schloß 17 Feb 1482) EITEL-FRIEDRICH II Graf von Hohenzollern (1452-Trier 18 Jun 1512).  In Haigerloch 1497. 

 

 

ALBRECHT ACHILLES von Brandenburg, son of FRIEDRICH I Elector of Brandenburg [Hohenzollern] & his wife Elisabeth von Bayern-Landshut (Tangermünde 29 Nov 1414-Frankfurt am Main 11 Mar 1486, bur Heilsbronn).  He succeeded in 1440 in Ansbach.  He succeeded in 1457 in Bayreuth, on the abdication of his brother Johann.  He succeeded on the abdication of his brother in 1470 as ALBRECHT ACHILLES Elector of Brandenburg.  He laid down the family rule, rare among German families and key to the future success of the Hohenzollern, that Brandenburg would never be divided but always inherited by the eldest son and that the territories of Ansbach and Bayreuth could be given to younger sons but not further subdivided. 

m firstly (contract 4 May 1444, Papal dispensation 4o 24 Jan 1446, Ansbach 14 Nov 1446) MARGARETA von Baden, daughter of JAKOB I Markgraf von Baden & his wife Catherine de Lorraine (1431-Ansbach 24 Oct 1457, bur Kloster Heilsbronn). 

m secondly (Ansbach 24 Oct 1458) ANNA von Sachsen, daughter of FRIEDRICH II "dem Sanftmütigen" Elector of Saxony & his wife Margareta of Austria (Meissen 7 Mar 1437-Neustadt am Aisch 31 Oct 1512, bur Kloster Heilsbronn). 

Albrecht & his first wife had six children:

1.         WOLF ([1450]-shortly before 13 Apr 1450).  

2.         URSULA (25 Sep 1450-Breslau 25 Nov 1508, bur Glatz)m (Eger 9 Feb 1467) HEINRICH I "der Ältere" Herzog von Münsterberg, son of JIŘI [Georg] Podiebrad King of Bohemia & his first wife Kunigunde Freiin von Sternberg (15 May 1448-24 Jun 1498, bur Glatz).

3.         ELISABETH (Ansbach 29 Nov 1451-Nürtingen 28 Mar 1524, bur Stuttgart)m (Stuttgart [10 Mar/17 May] 1467) EBERHARD von Württemberg, son of ULRICH V "der Vielgeliebte" Graf von Württemberg-Stuttgart & his second wife Elisabeth von Bayern-Landshut (Waiblingen 1 Feb 1447-Burg Lindenfels, Odenwald 17 Feb 1504, bur Heidelberg Heiliggeistkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1480 as EBERHARD VI "der Jüngere" Graf von Württemberg-Stuttgart.  He succeeded his cousin in 1496 as EBERHARD II Herzog von Württemberg

4.         MARGARETA (18 Apr 1453-Hof 27 Apr 1509).  Nun at Hof St Klara Hof 1467, Abbess 1476. 

5.         JOHANN CICERO (Ansbach 2 Aug 1455-Schloß Arneburg 9 Jan 1499, bur Berlin Cathedral).  He succeeded his father 1486 as JOHANN CICERO Elector of Brandenburg.   

-        ELECTORS of BRANDENBURG

6.         FRIEDRICH (-young). 

Albrecht & his second wife had thirteen children:

7.         FRIEDRICH (Ansbach 8 May 1460-Ansbach Schloß 4 Apr 1536, bur Heilsbronn).  He succeeded in 1486 as FRIEDRICH V "der Ältere" Markgraf of Brandenburg in Ansbach.  He succeeded his younger brother in 1495 in Bayreuth. 

-        see below, Part B. MARKGRAFEN von BRANDENBURG in ANSBACH und BAYREUTH

8.         AMALIE (Plassenburg 1 Oct 1461-Baden-Baden 3 Sep 1481, bur Baden-Baden Stiftskirche)m (Zweibrücken 19 Apr 1478) KASPAR Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken und Veldenz (11 Jul 1458-Nohfelden im Kerker [Jul/Aug] 1527).

9.         ANNA (b and d [end 1462/early 1463]).

10.      BARBARA von Brandenburg (Ansbach 30 May 1464-Ansbach 4 Sep 1515, bur Heilsbronn).  The Catalogus abbatum Sanganensium records that "dominus dux Hinricus junior, omnium ducum Glogoviensium de stirpe Hedwigis ultimus" married "ducisse Barbare filie ducis Adalberti marchionis Brandeburgensis" who married secondly "Wenczeslaus primogenitus regis Polonie"[331]m firstly (Berlin 11 Oct 1472) HEINRICH IX Duke of Glogau, son of HEINRICH VII Duke of Glogau [Piast] & his wife Hedwig von Oels [Piast] ([1429/35]-22 Feb 1476).  m secondly (Frankfurt an der Oder 20 Aug 1476, divorced Rome 7 Apr 1500) as his first wife, WŁADISŁAW of Poland, LADISLAUS King of Bohemia, son of KAZIMIERZ IV "the Great" King of Poland & Elisabeth Adss of Austria (Krakow 1 Mar 1456-Buda 13 Mar 1516).  He was elected as ULÁSZLÓ II "Dobre" King of Hungary and Croatia in 1490. 

11.      ALBRECHT (Ansbach 5 Mar 1466-Nov 1466).  

12.      SIBYLLE (Ansbach 31 May 1467-Kaster 9 Jul 1524, bur Altenberger Cathedral)m (Köln 8 Jul 1481) as his second wife, WILHELM VIII Herzog von Jülich Graf von Berg und Ravensberg, son of GERHARD VII Herzog von Jülich & his wife Sophie von Sachsen-Lauenburg (9 Jan 1455-6 Sep 1511). 

13.      SIEGMUND (Ansbach 27 Sep 1468-Ansbach 26 Feb 1495, bur Heilsbronn).  Markgraf von Brandenburg in Bayreuth 1486. 

14.      ALBRECHT (Ansbach 16 Jul 1470-12 Aug 1470).  

15.      DOROTHEA (Berlin 12 Dec 1471-Bamberg St Klara 13 Feb 1520, bur Bamberg St Klara Klosterkirche).  Nun at St Klara, Bamberg 1493, Abbess 1498-1506, resigned.

16.      GEORG (Berlin 30 Dec 1472-Kadolzburg 5 Dec 1476).  

17.      ELISABETH (Ansbach 8 Apr 1474-Römhild 25 Apr 1507, bur Römhild Stiftskirche)m (Aschaffenburg 23 Oct 1491) HERMANN VIII Graf von Henneberg-Aschach, son of --- ([1470]-Schwarza 5 Apr 1535, bur Römhild Stiftskirche).

18.      MAGDALENE (Berlin 29 Jul 1476-in der Mark before 4 Feb 1480).  

19.      ANASTASIA (Ansbach 14 Mar 1478-Ilmenau 4 Jul 1534, bur Kloster Vessra)m (Dispensation 3o & 4o Mainz 3 Jul 1499, contract Neustadt am Aisch 15 Jul 1499, Neustadt am Aisch 16 Feb 1500) WILHELM VII Graf und Herr zu Henneberg in Schleusingen (29 Jan 1478-24 Jan 1559, bur Kloster Vessra). 

 

 

 

B.      MARKGRAFEN von BRANDENBURG in ANSBACH und BAYREUTH

 

 

FRIEDRICH von Brandenburg, son of ALBRECHT Elector of Brandenburg & his second wife Anna von Sachsen (Ansbach 8 May 1460-Ansbach Schloß 4 Apr 1536, bur Heilsbronn).  He succeeded in 1486 as FRIEDRICH V "der Ältere" Markgraf von Brandenburg in Ansbach.  He succeeded his younger brother in 1495 in Bayreuth.  He was dispossessed in 1515 by his sons Kasimir, Georg and Johann, he was imprisoned in the Plasenburg until 1527. 

m (Frankfurt an der Oder 14 Feb 1479) ZOFIA of Poland, daughter of KAZIMIERZ IV King of Poland Grand Prince of Lithuania & his wife Elisabeth Adss of Austria (6 May 1464-5 Oct 1512, bur Heilsbronn). 

Friedrich & his wife had seventeen children: 

1.         ELISABETH (Kadolzburg 30 Jun 1480-young after 2 Jul 1480).

2.         MARGARETA (Ansbach 10 Jan 1483-10 Jul 1532).

3.         KASIMIR (Ansbach 27 Sep 1481-Ofen an der Ruhr 21 Sep 1527, bur Heilsbronn).  Canon at Würzburg cathedral 1491/1507.  Canon at Augsburg cathedral 1494/1500.  Canon at Köln cathedral 1495/1507.  Canon at Mainz cathedral 1497/1507.  He succeeded in 1515, after dispossessing and imprisoning his father, as KASIMIR Markgraf von Brandenburg in Ansbach.  In Bayreuth 1521. 

-        MARKGRAFEN von BRANDENBURG in BAYREUTH[332]

4.         GEORG (Ansbach 4 Mar 1484-Ansbach 27 Dec 1534, bur Heilsbronn).  Canon at Würzburg cathedral 1498/1506.  Canon at Augsburg cathedral 1500/1509.  Took part in the plot to dispossess his father 1515, and was in name associated with his brothers Kasimir and Johann in the Government from that time but took no active part as he was mainly absent from the country.  After his return, he ruled from 1521 as GEORG "der Fromme" joint-Markgraf von Brandenburg in Ansbach, ruling jointly first with his brother Kasimir, and later the latter's son Albrecht Alcibiades for whom he was guardian. 

-        MARKGRAFEN von BRANDENBURG in ANSBACH[333]

5.         SOPHIE (Ansbach 10 Mar 1485-14 May 1537, bur Liegnitz St Johannes)m (13 Feb 1519) as his second wife, FRIEDRICH von Brieg, son of JOHANN II Duke of Lüben [Piast] & his wife Hedwig von Brieg [Piast] (14 Feb 1480-Liegnitz 17/18 Sep 1547).  He succeeded in 1521 as FRIEDRICH II Duke of Liegnitz

6.         ANNA (Ansbach 5 May 1487-7 Feb 1539)m (1 Dec 1518) WENZEL von Teschen, son of KASIMIR II Duke of Teschen & his wife Johanna von Münsterberg und Troppau ([1488/96]-17 Nov 1524).

7.         BARBARA (31 Jul 1488-2 May 1490, bur Heilsbronn).

8.         ALBRECHT (Ansbach 17 May 1490-Schloß Tappiau 20 Mar 1568, bur Königsberg Cathedral).  Canon at Würzburg cathedral 1507/11.  Canon at Mainz cathedral 1509/11.  Canon of St Gereon at Köln until 1511.  Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights 1511, until 1525 when he secularised the order, married and declared himself Duke of Prussia (Herzog in Preußen) under the suzerainty of the King of Poland.  -      DUKES of PRUSSIA

9.         FRIEDRICH (Ansbach 13 Jun 1491-[1497]).  

10.      JOHANN (Plassenburg 9 Jan 1493-Valencia 5 Jul 1525, bur Kloster Jerusalem near Valencia).  Canon at Köln cathedral 1507.  Took part in the plot to dispossess his father 1515, and was in name associated with the Government from that time with his brothers Kasimir and Georg, but took no active part as he was mainly absent from the country.  Viceroy of Valencia 1515, 1521.  m (17 Jun 1519) as her second husband, GERMAINE de Foix, widow of don FERNANDO II King of Aragon, daughter of JEAN de Foix Vicomte de Narbonne Comte d'Etampes & his wife Marie d'Orléans [Valois] ([1490/93]-Liria 15 Oct 1538).  She married thirdly (Seville Aug 1526) as his first wife, Fernando de Aragón Duca di Calabria Principe di Tarento. 

11.      ELISABETH (Ansbach 25 Mar 1494-Pforzheim 31 May 1518, bur Stuttgart Stiftskirche).  m (Pforzheim 29 Sep 1510) ERNST Markgraf von Baden (Pforzheim 7 Oct 1482-Sulzburg 6 Feb 1553).  Markgraf von Baden zu Durlach 1533. 

12.      BARBARA (Ansbach 24 Sep 1495-Karlsbad near Elbogen, Bohemia 23 Sep 1552, bur Pfreimd).  m (Plassenburg 26 Jul 1528) GEORG Landgraf von Leuchtenberg (13 Dec 1502-Grünsfeld 21/22 May 1555).  He succeeded in 1531 as GEORG III Landgraf von Leuchtenberg. 

13.      FRIEDRICH (Ansbach 17 Jan 1497-Genoa 20 Aug 1536, bur Genoa San Dominico).  Canon at Würzburg cathedral 1511, Provost 1513.  Provost of St Gumbert at Ansbach 1516.  Canon at Salzburg cathedral before 1529.  Provost of Haug monastery at Würzburg [1532].  .

14.      WILHELM (Ansbach 30 Jun 1498-Riga 4 Feb 1563, bur Riga Cathedral).  Canon at Köln cathedral 1513/63.  Coadjutor at Köln cathedral 1529.  Archbishop of Köln 1539. 

15.      JOHANN ALBRECHT (Ansbach 20 Sep 1499-Halle an der Saale 17 May 1550, bur Halle Moritzkirche).  Canon at Mainz cathedral and canon of St Gereon at Köln 1511.  Canon at Augsburg cathedral 1520/21.  Canon of St Victor near Mainz and canon at Bamberg cathedral 1521/22.  Coadjutor of Halberstadt 1521, of Magdeburg 1523.  Provost at Mainz cathedral 1529/30.  Canon at Würzburg and Köln cathedrals 1532.  Statthalter of Aschaffenburg, and coadjutor of Magdeburg and Halberstadt 1536.  Provost of St Johannes Baptista at Mainz 1550.  Archbishop of Magdeburg and administrator of Halberstadt 1545.

16.      FRIEDRICH ALBRECHT (Plassenburg 30 Nov 1501-24 Jul 1504, bur Kulmbach).  

17.      GUMPRECHT (Ansbach 16 Jul 1503-Naples 25 Jun 1528, bur Naples San Pietro).  Canon at Bamberg cathedral 1511.  Provost of St Burkard 1516.  Canon at Würzburg cathedral 1518.  Canon at Augsburg cathedral 1520/21.  Papal adviser 1521.  Provost at Komburg 1522.  

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    GRAFEN von HALDENSLEBEN

 

 

 

A.      GRAFEN von HALDENSLEBEN, FAMILY of GRAF KONRAD

 

 

KONRAD, son of BERNHARD Markgraf der Nordmark & his wife --- .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Haldensleben

m ---.  The name of Graf Konrad's wife is not known.  Ernst Klebel[334] proposes that she was --- von Friesland, daughter of Liudolf von Braunschweig Margraf im Friesland & his wife Gertrud von Egisheim.  The text in which this is proposed has not yet been consulted but it is assumed that the hypothesis is based on onomastics.  The names of Konrad's daughter, Gertrud, and her granddaughter Ida were both associated with the Brunswick family.  The affiliation is not chronologically impossible, although it is tight given the known birth dates of some of Konrad's descendants. 

Graf Konrad & his wife had one child: 

1.         [GERTRUD (-21 Feb 1116).  According to the 14th century Genealogia comitum Neuburgensium sive Formbacensium, "Fridericus senioris Tiemonis filius" married "neptem ipsius regis Gertrudem", the king referred to being Heinrich IV King of Germany, and was buried at Formbach[335].  The primary source which confirms her precise parentage has not yet been identified.  She was imprisoned at Mainz in 1076.  The Annalista Saxo records the death in 1116 of "Gertrudis ductrix, avia Liuderi ducis"[336]m firstly FRIEDRICH [von Formbach], son of TIEMO I Graf von Schweinachgau, in Reichenhall und im Salzburggau & his wife --- (-killed in battle [1060]).  m secondly (1071 after May) as his second wife, ORDULF Duke in Saxony, son of BERNHARD II Herzog in Sachsen [Billung] & his wife Eilika von Schweinfurt (-28 Mar 1072, bur Lüneburg St Michaelis).] 

 

 

 

B.      GRAFEN von HALDENSLEBEN, FAMILY of GRAF DIETRICH

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         ROBERT von Haldensleben .  1129/1130.  m KUNIGUNDE, daughter of ---.  [1170/78].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

a)         DIETRICH (-1174 or after).  A charter dated 18 Oct 1151 records an exchange of property between Kloster Schöningen and "Ottoni comiti de Hildesleve", witnessed by "Theodericus gener comitis"[337]Graf von Haldensleben 1162.  von Wichmannsdorf 1153/1174.  m (before 18 Oct 1151) as her first husband, BERTHA, daughter of OTTO Graf von Hillensleben & his wife Bertha --- (-before 1184).  The Chronicle of Kloster Hillersleben names "Bertham" as daughter of "Ottonem comitem de Hildensleue", specifying that she married "primero Tiderico de Wychmanstorp et postea Berengero comiti de Lare"[338].  1162.  She married secondly Berengar [II] Graf von Lohra.  Gandolph Bishop of Halberstadt transferred the Vogtei of Kloster Hillersleben from "Berengeri comitis" to "filio legitimo herede suo…Ottonem comitem de Gribene" by charter dated 1197, which also names "uxore sua Berta", and was witnessed by "Henricus comes de Regenstein, Sifridus comes de Blankenborch frater eius"[339]

b)         HEINRICH von Wichmannsdorf .  1143/48.  m EVEZA, daughter of OPERT [Brother of Bernhard Bishop of Hildesheim[340]]. 

2.         MEINFRIED von Bodenburg .  1130.  Graf von Bodenburg 1142.  m ---.  The name of Meinfried's wife is not known.  Graf Meinfried & his wife had one child: 

a)         HEINRICH (-[1143/53] or after).  Graf von Bodenburg.  He retired to Kloster Neuwerk bei Halle after being wounded in battle[341]

 

 



[1] Annalista Saxo 1010. 

[2] Annalista Saxo 1010. 

[3] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 

[4] Warner, D. A. (trans.) The Chronicon of Thietmar of Merseburg (2001) (Manchester University Press), 4.57, p. 192. 

[5] Thietmar 4.58, p. 193. 

[6] Thietmar 4.58, p. 193. 

[7] Thietmar 4.64, p. 196. 

[8] ES I.2 175A. 

[9] Annales Quedlinburgenses 1020, MGH SS III, p. 85. 

[10] Annalista Saxo 1010. 

[11] Thietmar 6.50, p. 272. 

[12] Annalista Saxo 1010. 

[13] Lamberti Annales, 1057, MGH SS V, p. 158. 

[14] Baumgarten, N. de 'Généalogies et mariages occidentaux des Rurikides Russes du X au XIII siècles´, Orientalia Christiana Vol. IX - 1, No. 35, May 1927 (reprint, Pont. Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, Rome) (“Baumgarten (1927)”), p. 8, citing Eccardus Origines serenis. fam. Anhaltinæ, p. 496, which presumably indicates Eccard, Johann Georg (1722) Historia genealogica principum Saxoniae superioris, qua recensentur stemma Witichindeum, origines familiae Saxonicae regnantis ... nec non origines familiae Anhaltinae. Accedunt appendices loco origines sabaudicae; stemma desidenianum genuinum; origo domu (Leipzig, Gleditsch). 

[15] Annales Egmundani, MGH SS XVI, p. 444. 

[16] ES II 2. 

[17] Bruch, H. (ed.) (1973) Chronologia Johannes de Beke (The Hague), 39a, p. 73, available at < http://www.inghist.nl/Onderzoek/Projecten /KroniekVanJohannesDeBekeTot1430/latijn> (31 Aug 2006). 

[18] Koch (1970) Oorkondenboek van Holland en Zeeland Part I, nr. 88, Latin text and English translation available at <http://www.keesn.nl/sources/en_start.htm> (31 Aug 2006), information supplied by Kees Nieuwenhuijsen, in a private email to the author dated 31 Aug 2006. 

[19] Annales Egmundani 1044, MGH SS XVI, p. 447. 

[20] Chronologia Johannes de Beke 43, p. 81. 

[21] Beka's Egmondsch Necrologium, in Oppermann, O. (1933) Fontes Egmundenses (Utrecht), p. 107. 

[22] Lamberti Annales, 1057, MGH SS V, p. 158. 

[23] Thietmar 4.17, p. 163. 

[24] Annalista Saxo 1010. 

[25] Thietmar 6.86, p. 294. 

[26] Thietmar 4.39, p. 179. 

[27] Annalista Saxo 1010. 

[28] Annalista Saxo 1009. 

[29] Jordan, K., trans. Falla, P. S. (1986) Henry the Lion: a Biography (Clarendon Press, Oxford), p. 13. 

[30] Annalista Saxo 979 and 1056, the latter passage naming him "Ludigerum comitem, qui a plerisque dictus est Udo". 

[31] Thietmar 4.24, p. 168. 

[32] Althoff, G. (ed.) (1983) Die Totenbücher von Merseburg, Magdeburg und Lüneburg (Hannover), Lüneburg. 

[33] Annales Stadenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 326. 

[34] D H IV 112, p. 146. 

[35] Annalista Saxo 1082. 

[36] Annalista Saxo 1080 and 1082. 

[37] Annalista Saxo 1087. 

[38] Annalista Saxo 1080. 

[39] Annalista Saxo 1087. 

[40] Annalista Saxo 1049 and 1124. 

[41] Annalista Saxo 1114. 

[42] Annalista Saxo 1128. 

[43] Annalista Saxo 1080. 

[44] Annalista Saxo 1114. 

[45] Annalista Saxo 1124. 

[46] Annalista Saxo 1124. 

[47] Annalista Saxo 1130. 

[48] Annalista Saxo 1124. 

[49] Jordan (1986), p. 27. 

[50] Annales Stadenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 326.  

[51] Annales Sancti Petri Erphesfurdenses 1144, MGH SS XVI, p. 19. 

[52] Annalista Saxo 1049. 

[53] Annalista Saxo 1118. 

[54] Annalista Saxo 1049 and 1118. 

[55] Annalista Saxo 1133. 

[56] ES I.2 175A. 

[57] Thietmar 4.64, p. 196. 

[58] Thietmar 4.64, p. 196. 

[59] ES I.2 175A. 

[60] Thietmar 4.64, p. 196. 

[61] Thietmar 4.64, p. 196. 

[62] ES I.2 175A. 

[63] Thietmar 2.35, p. 118. 

[64] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 49, MGH SS XXI, p. 50. 

[65] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 52, MGH SS XXI, p. 52. 

[66] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 55, MGH SS XXI, p. 54. 

[67] Henry of Antwerp Tractatus de captione urbis Brandenburg (MGH SS XXV), cited in Christiansen, E. (1980) Saxo Grammaticus, Danorum Regum Heroumque Historia, Books X-XVI (B. A. R. International Series 84), p. 300 footnote 30. 

[68] Annales Palidenses 13 1150, MGH SS XVI, p. 85. 

[69] Cronicæ Principum Saxoniæ , MGH SS XXV, p. 480. 

[70] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[71] Fuhrmann, H., trans. Reuter, T. (1995) Germany in the high middle ages c.1050-1200 (Cambridge University Press), pp. 123-4. 

[72] Annalista Saxo 1106. 

[73] Jordan (1986), p. 15. 

[74] Stumpf, K. F. (ed.) (1863) Urkunden zur Geschichte des Erzbisthums Mainz im zwölften Jahrhundert (Acta Maguntina Seculi XII) (Innsbruck) ("Mainz Urkunden 12th Century"), 14, p. 16. 

[75] Haverkamp, A. (1988) Medieval Germany 1056-1273 (Oxford University Press), pp. 141-2. 

[76] Jordan (1986), p. 23. 

[77] Fuhrmann (1995), p. 127. 

[78] Fuhrmann (1995), pp. 123-4. 

[79] Heinemann, O. van (ed.) (1867) Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus (Dessau), Teil I, 362, p. 272. 

[80] Fuhrmann (1995), p. 140, and Jordan (1986), p. 44. 

[81] Constitutio Ducatus Austriæ, MGH LL 2, p. 99. 

[82] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 425, p. 312. 

[83] Jordan (1986), pp. 100-1. 

[84] Jordan (1986), p. 102. 

[85] Annales Palidenses 9 1160, MGH SS XVI, p. 92. 

[86] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 24, Mittelmärkische Urkunden, II, p. 323. 

[87] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[88] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 362, p. 272. 

[89] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[90] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[91] Cod Giessensis Nr. 176, fol. 234, included as Genealogiæ Comitum et Marchionum sæc XII et XIII, in MGH SS XXIV, p. 78. 

[92] Cod Giessensis Nr. 176, fol. 234, included as Genealogiæ Comitum et Marchionum sæc XII et XIII, in MGH SS XXIV, p. 78. 

[93] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 362, p. 272. 

[94] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, VII, p. 84. 

[95] Vincentii Pragensis Annales, MGH SS XVII, p. 665. 

[96] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[97] Cod Giessensis Nr. 176, fol. 234, included as Genealogiæ Comitum et Marchionum sæc XII et XIII, in MGH SS XXIV, p. 78. 

[98] Jordan (1986), p. 104. 

[99] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 362, p. 272. 

[100] Cod Giessensis Nr. 176, fol. 234, included as Genealogiæ Comitum et Marchionum sæc XII et XIII, in MGH SS XXIV, p. 78. 

[101] Grote, H. (1877) Stammtafeln (reprint Leipzig, 1984), p. 511. 

[102] Cod Giessensis Nr. 176, fol. 234, included as Genealogiæ Comitum et Marchionum sæc XII et XIII, in MGH SS XXIV, p. 78. 

[103] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 362, p. 272. 

[104] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, VII, p. 84. 

[105] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[106] Cod Giessensis Nr. 176, fol. 234, included as Genealogiæ Comitum et Marchionum sæc XII et XIII, in MGH SS XXIV, p. 78. 

[107] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[108] Raumer, G. W. von (1836) Regesta Historia Brandenburgensis Tome I (Berlin), p. 218. 

[109] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 362, p. 272. 

[110] Regesta Historia Brandenburgensis, Tome I, p. 218. 

[111] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, VII, p. 84. 

[112] Hertel, G. (ed.) (1878) Urkundenbuch des Klosters unser lieben Frauen zu Magdeburg, Geschichtsquellen der Provinz Sachsen, Band X (Halle) ("Magdeburg Unser Liebe Frau"), 40, p. 40. 

[113] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 605, p. 446. 

[114] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 10, MGH SS XXIV, p. 822. 

[115] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[116] Cod Giessensis Nr. 176, fol. 234, included as Genealogiæ Comitum et Marchionum sæc XII et XIII, in MGH SS XXIV, p. 78. 

[117] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 362, p. 272. 

[118] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, VII, p. 84. 

[119] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 547, p. 404. 

[120] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[121] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXV Kloster Hillersleben, V, p. 414. 

[122] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 362, p. 272. 

[123] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 24, Mittelmärkische Urkunden, II, p. 323. 

[124] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, VII, p. 84. 

[125] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 2, VI, p. 441. 

[126] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 9, I, p. 2. 

[127] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 8, XXI, p. 108. 

[128] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[129] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 17, I, p. 1. 

[130] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, I, p. 1. 

[131] Codex Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil - Band 1, Pulcawa´s Böhmischer Chronik, p. 6. 

[132] Annales Polanorum II 1128, MGH SS XIX, p. 624. 

[133] Annales Cracovienses Compilati 1136, MGH SS XIX, p. 589. 

[134] ES II 154, although ES II 120 only shows her marriage to Otto Markgraf von Brandenburg. 

[135] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 9, I, p. 2. 

[136] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 8, XXI, p. 108. 

[137] Regesta Historia Brandenburgensis, Tome I, p. 236. 

[138] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 24, Mittelmärkische Urkunden, IV, p. 325. 

[139] Krabbo, H. (1910) Regesten der Markgrafen von Brandenburg aus askanischem Hause, Lieferung 1, no. 421 [not yet consulted, information provided by Bert M. Kamp in a private email to the author dated 23 Jun 2011]. 

[140] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 17, I, p. 1. 

[141] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, I, p. 1. 

[142] ES I.2 183. 

[143] Oorkondenboek Holland (1866), 202, p. 122. 

[144] Chronologia Johannes de Beke 57a, p. 117. 

[145] Riedel, A. F. (1867) Novus Codex Diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Nameverzeichniß zu sämmtlichen Bänden (Berlin), Band I, p. 2. 

[146] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[147] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 9, I, p. 2. 

[148] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 8, XXI, p. 108. 

[149] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 17, I, p. 1. 

[150] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, I, p. 1. 

[151] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 8, XXVIII, p. 185. 

[152] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 7, I, p. 468. 

[153] Codex Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil - Band 1, Pulcawa´s Böhmischer Chronik, p. 7. 

[154] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[155] Codex Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil - Band 1, Pulcawa´s Böhmischer Chronik, p. 7. 

[156] Riedel, A. F. (1867) Novus Codex Diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Nameverzeichniß zu sämmtlichen Bänden (Berlin), Band I, p. 2. 

[157] Krabbo, H. ´Die Markgrafen Otto I, Otto II, und Albrecht II von Brandenburg´, Forschungen zur brandenburgischen und preußischen Geschichte, Vol. 24 (1911), pp. 323-370, 345-6 [not yet consulted, information provided by Bert M. Kamp in a private email to the author dated 11 Jun 2011]. 

[158] Krabbo, H. (1910-11) Regesten der Markgrafen von Brandenburg aus askanischem Hause, Lieferung 1 & 2, nos. 512, 526 and 527 [not yet consulted, information provided by Bert M. Kamp in a private email to the author dated 23 Jun 2011]. 

[159] Oorkondenboek Holland (1866), 202, p. 122. 

[160] ES I.2 183. 

[161] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[162] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 9, I, p. 2. 

[163] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 8, XXI, p. 108. 

[164] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 17, I, p. 1. 

[165] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, I, p. 1. 

[166] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 8, XXVIII, p. 185. 

[167] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 17, XX, p. 436. 

[168] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[169] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[170] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 9, I, p. 2. 

[171] Krabbo, H. (1910) Regesten der Markgrafen von Brandenburg aus askanischem Hause, Lieferung 1, no. 421 [not yet consulted, information provided by Bert M. Kamp in a private email to the author dated 23 Jun 2011]. 

[172] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 17, I, p. 1. 

[173] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, I, p. 1. 

[174] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 7, I, p. 468. 

[175] Codex Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil - Band 1, Fragment einer Brandenburg-Brietzenschen Chronik, p. 277. 

[176] Jakobs, E. (ed.) (1875) Urkundenbuch des Klosters Ilsenburg, erste Hälfte, Geschichtsquellen det Provinz Sachsen, Band VI (Halle) ("Ilsenburg"), 47, p. 51. 

[177] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 478. 

[178] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1205, MGH SS XXIII, p. 172. 

[179] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[180] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[181] Heinemann, O. van (ed.) (1875) Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus (Dessau), Teil II, 55, p. 46. 

[182] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 478. 

[183] Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 397. 

[184] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 476. 

[185] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 478. 

[186] Rein, W. (ed.) (1863) Urkundenbuch, Geschichte und Beschreibung der thüringischen Klöster, I, Ichtershausen (Weimar) ("Ichtershausen") 39, p. 79. 

[187] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 478. 

[188] Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 397. 

[189] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 478. 

[190] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 478. 

[191] Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 397. 

[192] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil II, 55, p. 46. 

[193] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, III, p. 3. 

[194] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXV Kloster Neuendorf, III, p. 364. 

[195] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, IX, p. 6. 

[196] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 480. 

[197] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[198] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, I, p. 1. 

[199] Notæ Monialium Sanctæ Claræ Wratislaviensium, MGH SS XIX, p. 534. 

[200] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479.  

[201] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, IX, p. 6. 

[202] Chronica Minor Auctore Minorita Erphordiensi Continuatio I 1268, MGH SS XXIV, p. 206. 

[203] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 480. 

[204] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[205] ES I.2 184. 

[206] Riedel, Dr. A. F. (1862) Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, (Berlin), Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 14. 

[207] Van Den Bergh, L. P. C. (1873) Oorkondenboek van Holland en Zeeland, Eerste afdeeling, tweede deel (Amsterdam) ("Oorkondenboek Holland (1873)"), 353, p. 152. 

[208] Oorkondenboek Holland (1873), 432, p. 192. 

[209] ES I.2 184. 

[210] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, I, p. 1. 

[211] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 15. 

[212] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 15. 

[213] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 2, XXII, p. 453. 

[214] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 15. 

[215] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 2, XXII, p. 453. 

[216] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 14. 

[217] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 14. 

[218] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 14. 

[219] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 14. 

[220] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 2, XXII, p. 453. 

[221] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 15, LXVIII, p. 53. 

[222] Knoll (1972), p. 28. 

[223] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 19. 

[224] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 18. 

[225] Necrologium Austriacum Gentis Habsburgicæ Prius, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 123. 

[226] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, I, p. 1. 

[227] Chronica principum Poloniæ, Silesiacarum Scriptores I, p. 130. 

[228] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, XLIV, p. 26. 

[229] Necrologium Habsburgicum Monasterii Campi Regis, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 357. 

[230] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, pp. 18 and 20. 

[231] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, I, p. 1. 

[232] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, XLVI, p. 27. 

[233] Codex Brandenburgensis, Zweiter Haupttheil, Band 2, DCI, p. 1. 

[234] Libro Memoriarum Sancti Blasii, MGH SS XXIV, p. 825. 

[235] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 18. 

[236] Epytaphia ducum Slezie, MGH SS XIX, p. 552. 

[237] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 18. 

[238] Schöppach, K. (ed.) (1842) Hennebergisches Urkundenbuch, I Theil (Meiningen) ("Hennebergisches Urkundenbuch Theil I"), CXXXIII, p. 72. 

[239] Hennebergisches Urkundenbuch, Theil I, CXXXII, p. 71. 

[240] Hennebergisches Urkundenbuch, Theil I, CLXI, p. 93. 

[241] Bechstein, L. & Brückner, G. (eds.) (1847) Hennebergisches Urkundenbuch, II Theil (Meiningen) ("Hennebergisches Urkundenbuch, Theil II"), CXVI, p. 73. 

[242] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, pp. 18 and 19. 

[243] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, I, p. 1. 

[244] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 24, Mittelmärkische Urkunden, LI, p. 354. 

[245] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 21. 

[246] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 21. 

[247] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 2, XXII, p. 453. 

[248] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 15. 

[249] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[250] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 16. 

[251] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 16. 

[252] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 16. 

[253] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 16. 

[254] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 16. 

[255] Annales Lubicenses 1300 and 1302, MGH SS XVI, pp. 417 and 418. 

[256] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 16. 

[257] Canonicorum Pragensium Continuationes Cosmæ, Annales Otakariani, 1264, MGH SS IX, p. 186. 

[258] Historia Annorum 1264-1279 1264, MGH SS IX, p. 649. 

[259] Hermanni Altahenses Annales 1262, MGH SS XVII, p. 403. 

[260] Historia Annorum 1264-1279 1264, MGH SS IX, p. 649. 

[261] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, pp. 479-80. 

[262] Ernst, S. P. (1847) Histoire de Limbourg, Tome VI (Liège), CCLXXVI, p. 338. 

[263] Ernst, S. P. (1839) Histoire de Limbourg, Tome IV (Liège), p. 359, citing Spaen-Lalecq Introduction critique à l´histoire de Gueldre, Tome IV, p. 326. 

[264] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, pp. 479-80. 

[265] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[266] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 15. 

[267] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 478. 

[268] Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 397. 

[269] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 478. 

[270] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil II, 55, p. 46. 

[271] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, III, p. 3. 

[272] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXV Kloster Neuendorf, III, p. 364. 

[273] Bayley, C. C. (1949) The Formation of the German College of Electors in the mid-Thirteenth Century (Toronto), pp. 36-7. 

[274] Annales Colbazienses 1266, MGH SS XIX, p. 716. 

[275] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[276] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[277] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 476. 

[278] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[279] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[280] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 15, XXX, p. 22. 

[281] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 24, VIII, p. 5. 

[282] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[283] Bayley (1949), p. 75. 

[284] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[285] ES I.2 183. 

[286] Cronica Principum Saxonie, MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[287] Annales Lubicenses 1273, MGH SS XVI, p. 414. 

[288] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 15, XXX, p. 22. 

[289] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 24, VIII, p. 5. 

[290] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 24, XI, p. 8. 

[291] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 24, Mittelmärkische Urkunden, XLIV, p. 348. 

[292] Knoll, P. W. (1972) The Rise of the Polish Monarchy: Piast Poland in East Central Europe 1320-1370 (University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London), p. 29. 

[293] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[294] Wippermann, C. W. (1853) Regesta Schaumburgensia (Cassel),

183, p. 92. 

[295] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[296] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, IX, p. 6. 

[297] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 15, XXX, p. 22. 

[298] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 24, VIII, p. 5. 

[299] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 24, XI, p. 8. 

[300] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[301] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 19, I, p. 443. 

[302] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 19, I, p. 443. 

[303] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 24, Mittelmärkische Urkunden, XLIV, p. 348. 

[304] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 19, VI, p. 447. 

[305] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 24, Mittelmärkische Urkunden, XLIV, p. 348. 

[306] Knoll (1972), pp. 28-9. 

[307] Annales Colbazienses 1319, MGH SS XIX, p. 717. 

[308] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 22. 

[309] Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon Ecclesiæ Pragensis, Caput XIV, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, pp. 351-3. 

[310] Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, pp. 18 and 20. 

[311] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, I, p. 1. 

[312] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil, Band 15, LXXV, p. 58. 

[313] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[314] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[315] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[316] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[317] Annales Lubicenses 1273, MGH SS XVI, p. 414. 

[318] Gertz, M. C. (ed.) (1918) Scriptores Minores Historiæ Danicæ medii ævi (Copenhagen), Vol. II, Vetus Chronica Sialandie, p. 72. 

[319] Gertz, M. C. (ed.) (1918) Scriptores Minores Historiæ Danicæ medii ævi (Copenhagen), Vol. II, Sepulchalia, I Tabula Ringstadiensis, p. 86. 

[320] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[321] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[322] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[323] Annales Lubicenses 1273, MGH SS XVI, p. 414. 

[324] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 24, Mittelmärkische Urkunden, XLIV, p. 348. 

[325] Codex Brandenburgensis, Zweiter Haupttheil, Band 2, DCVI, p. 7. 

[326] Codex Brandenburgensis, Zweiter Haupttheil, Band 2, DCVI, p. 7. 

[327] Leuschner, J. (1980) Germany in the Late Middle Ages (North Holland Publishing Company), p. 162. 

[328] Grote (1877), p. 224. 

[329] Liber Anniversariorum et Necrologium Monasterii Kaisheimensis, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 88. 

[330] Notæ Sancti Blasii 1482, MGH SS XXIV, p. 827. 

[331] Stenzel, G. A. (ed.) (1835) Scriptores Rerum Silesiacarum, Erster Band (Breslau) ("Silesiacarum Scriptores I"), p. 380. 

[332] Extinct in the male line in 1557. 

[333] Extinct in the male line in 1603. 

[334] Klebel, Ernst 'Alemannischer Hochadel im Investiturstreit', Grundfragen der alemannischen Geschichte Mainauvorträge 1952, t. 1 (Darmstadt, 1962), pp. 209-42, tafel II, cited in Vajay 'Mathilde', p. 254 footnote 46. 

[335] Notæ Genealogicæ Bavaricæ II, MGH SS XXIV, p. 77. 

[336] Annalista Saxo 1116. 

[337] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 366, p. 275. 

[338] Riedel, Dr. A. F. (1862) Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, (Berlin), XI, Chronik des Klosters Hillersleben, p. 295. 

[339] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritter Haupttheil - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXV Kloster Hillersleben, XIV, p. 421. 

[340] ES XIX 81 C. 

[341] ES XIX 81 C.