NORTHERN ITALY (2)

  v3.0 Updated 19 June 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

INTRODUCTION. 3

Chapter 1.                COUNTIES in EMILIA ROMAGNA. 4

A.         CONTI di CARPEGNA.. 4

B.         PALLAVICINI 6

C.        PIACENZA.. 8

D.        PESARO, RIMINI (MALATESTA) 9

E.         CONTI di URBINO, CONTI di MONTEFELTRO (MONTEFELTRO) 13

Chapter 2.                LIGURIA. 16

A.         MARCHESI di GAVI 16

B.         GENOA - DORIA.. 19

C.        GENOA - GRIMALDI 26

D.        GENOA - SPINOLA.. 28

E.         LAVAGNA (FIESCHI) 32

F.         MARCHESI di MALASPINA.. 36

G.        MARCHESI di PARODI 39

H.        VENTIMIGLIA.. 41

Chapter 3.                LOMBARDIA. 42

A.         LOMELLO.. 42

Chapter 4.                PIEMONTE & AOSTA. 43

A.         VISCONTI di AOSTA.. 43

B.         VISCONTI di BARATONIA.. 46

C.        CONTI di BIANDRATE.. 47

D.        MARCHESI di ROMAGNANO.. 55

Chapter 5.                SARDINIA & CORSICA. 59

A.         MARCHESI di CORSICA.. 59

B.         JUDGES of CAGLIARI (SARDINIA) 60

C.        JUDGES of ARBOREA (SARDINIA) 70

D.        JUDGES of GALLURA (SARDINIA) 80

E.         JUDGES of TORRES (SARDINIA) 85

Chapter 6.                TOSCANA. 91

A.         BIZERNO.. 92

B.         COMINO.. 93

C.        FLORENCE (GUIDI) 93

D.        SIGNORI di MANTUA (GONZAGA) 96

E.         PISA.. 96

F.         PRATA.. 98

G.        SIENA.. 98

H.        VOLTERRA.. 102

I.      OTHER COUNTS in TUSCANY (ALDOBRANDESCHI) 103

K.         OTHER COUNTS in TUSCANY (ARDENGHESCHI) 105

L.         OTHER COUNTS in TUSCANY (GHERARDESCHI) 105

M.        OTHER COUNTS in TUSCANY (PANNOCCHIESCHI) 109

Chapter 7.                VENETO. 113

A.         SIGNORI di PADOVA (da CARRARA) 113

B.         da ROMANO.. 116

C.        CONTI di VERONA.. 126

D.        SIGNORI di VERONA (della SCALA) 130

Chapter 8.                OTHER NORTHERN ITALIAN NOBLES, Unallocated. 138

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

This document sets out the nobility in northern Italy from the 12th century.  Earlier nobility is shown in the companion documents NORTHERN ITALY (1), and nobility from the 14th century in the document NORTHERN ITALY (3).  The cut-off date between the three documents is inevitably approximate.  The composition of northern Italy changed significantly during the course of the 12th century.  The Savoy family had established themselves in Piemonte and Aosta, the marchesi di Monferrato and their connections in Liguria, while much of the southern part of the region was consolidated under the rule of Matilda Ctss of Tuscany.  The island of Sardinia developed separately and was divided into four areas each ruled by a different family of hereditary judges. 

 

After the death of Matilda Ctss of Tuscany in 1115, suzerainty over her lands was disputed by the church and the German emperors.  The territories fragmented and new local rulers emerged in many of the counties which she had controlled.  Imperial authority in northern Italy had weakened by the mid-12th century, enabling the northern Lombard cities to increase their local autonomy, which was formalised in the Treaty of Konstanz agreed in 1183 by Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa".  A single local dynasty was never able to establish control over all of northern Italy, as each city developed its own system of administration under its own separate leadership.  Towards the end of the 12th and early 13th centuries, control over many of the cities in Tuscany and Veneto passed to elected or appointed consules.  The sources show that their appointments normally lasted for only one year.  In some cases, the local bishops also retained some temporal responsibility.  The previously ruling comital families maintained some influence during the earlier part of this period, although by the mid-13th century many of them had been expelled from the territories which their families had previously governed. 

 

A further change can be observed from the 13th century onwards.  In each city, one or two ruling families started to emerge as the leading force in local politics.  Often adopting the title "captain-general" or something similar, they replaced the consules.  Their positions became hereditary over time.  In some cases, the families adopted comital titles and spread their jurisdiction outside their cities. 

 

The nobility in the Carniola/Friulia/Istria area in north-western Italy is shown in the document CARINTHIA. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    COUNTIES in EMILIA ROMAGNA

 

 

The present-day Italian region of Emilia Romagna is located south of Lombardia and Veneto, and north of Toscana and Marche, in the central part of northern Italy.  Currently the region is divided administratively into the provinces of Piacenza, Parma, Reggio Emilia and Modena, in the western Emilia half, and Bologna, Ferrara, Ravenna, Forlě and Rimini in Romagna.  The medieval counties of Pallavicino, Modena, Parma, Piacenza and Reggio were located in Emilia, and Bologna and Ferrara in Romagna.  Other medieval counties identified in the region are Aucia, Cervia (Ficocle), Cesena, Comacchio, Correggio, Forlí, Forlimpopoli, Imola, Modigliana, Rimini, Sarsina and Valle Lamone, but no information has yet been found on their counts. 

 

 

 

A.      CONTI di CARPEGNA

 

 

1.         UGO (-after 2 Sep 1232).  Conte di Carpegna.  "Dns Ugo comes de Carpigno…pro se et fre suo dono Rainerio eorumque filiis et herdibus" submitted their land to the commune of Rimini by charter dated 2 Sep 1232[1]

2.         RANIERI di Carpegna (-after 2 Sep 1232).  A charter dated 28 Sep 1228 records an agreement between "dnm Bonucomitem pro se et Dadeo fre suo et dnm Rainerium de Capigno…civit Urbini" and the city of Rimini[2].  "Dns Ugo comes de Carpigno…pro se et fre suo dono Rainerio eorumque filiis et herdibus" submitted their land to the commune of Rimini by charter dated 2 Sep 1232[3]m ---.  The name of Ranieri´s wife is not known.  Ranieri & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUIDO (-after 10 Sep 1232).  A supplement, dated 10 Sep, to a charter dated 2 Sep 1232 records that "Rainerius comes de Carpigno e Guido e Rainerio suoi figli" confirmed the grant by "Dns Ugo comes de Carpigno…pro se et fre suo dono Rainerio eorumque filiis et herdibus" to the commune of Rimini[4]Conte di Carpegna.  "…Dno Guidone comite de Carpinyo" is named as present in a charter dated 21 Jan 1252 which records a commitment made by representatives of the bishop of Rimini to the commune of Rimini and "nobilem vicarum dnum Thadeum comitem Montisferetri"[5]m BEATRICE, daughter of --- (-after 28 Aug 1269).  "Dna Beatricis uxor q. Dni Guidonis comitis de Glazolo" acting in the name of "legatorum sibi relictorum a d. viro suo et a filiis suis Raynerio et Uberto comitibus quos habuit ex d. viro suo" and "filić dicti Dni Guidonis Dna Manentessa uxor Dni Guidonis comitis Montisferetri, ipso viro suo prćsente" and "Dna Sapia" and "Dna Orabilis, sive Beatrisia, filia q. dicti Dno Comitis Uberti" ceded "castris…Glazoli, Cluserculi, Vallispondi, Seguni, Sambugheti, MontisVecli, Montis Puzzoli, Valdarchć, Ustiglani, Meldulć, Mustiloć et Lajolć" to "Dno Ludovico filio q. Dni Raynaldi de Caminatis" by charter dated 28 Aug 1269[6].  Guido & his wife had [four] children: 

i)          RANIERI (-before 28 Aug 1269).  "Dna Beatricis uxor q. Dni Guidonis comitis de Glazolo" acting in the name of "legatorum sibi relictorum a d. viro suo et a filiis suis Raynerio et Uberto comitibus quos habuit ex d. viro suo" and "filić dicti Dni Guidonis Dna Manentessa uxor Dni Guidonis comitis Montisferetri, ipso viro suo prćsente" and "Dna Sapia" and "Dna Orabilis, sive Beatrisia, filia q. dicti Dno Comitis Uberti" ceded "castris…Glazoli, Cluserculi, Vallispondi, Seguni, Sambugheti, MontisVecli, Montis Puzzoli, Valdarchć, Ustiglani, Meldulć, Mustiloć et Lajolć" to "Dno Ludovico filio q. Dni Raynaldi de Caminatis" by charter dated 28 Aug 1269[7]

ii)         UBERTO (-before 28 Aug 1269).  "Dna Beatricis uxor q. Dni Guidonis comitis de Glazolo" acting in the name of "legatorum sibi relictorum a d. viro suo et a filiis suis Raynerio et Uberto comitibus quos habuit ex d. viro suo" and "filić dicti Dni Guidonis Dna Manentessa uxor Dni Guidonis comitis Montisferetri, ipso viro suo prćsente" and "Dna Sapia" and "Dna Orabilis, sive Beatrisia, filia q. dicti Dno Comitis Uberti" ceded "castris…Glazoli, Cluserculi, Vallispondi, Seguni, Sambugheti, MontisVecli, Montis Puzzoli, Valdarchć, Ustiglani, Meldulć, Mustiloć et Lajolć" to "Dno Ludovico filio q. Dni Raynaldi de Caminatis" by charter dated 28 Aug 1269[8].  m ---.  The name of Uberto´s wife is not known.  Uberto & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ORABILIA [Beatrice] (-after 28 Aug 1269).  "Dna Beatricis uxor q. Dni Guidonis comitis de Glazolo" acting in the name of "legatorum sibi relictorum a d. viro suo et a filiis suis Raynerio et Uberto comitibus quos habuit ex d. viro suo" and "filić dicti Dni Guidonis Dna Manentessa uxor Dni Guidonis comitis Montisferetri, ipso viro suo prćsente" and "Dna Sapia" and "Dna Orabilis, sive Beatrisia, filia q. dicti Dno Comitis Uberti" ceded "castris…Glazoli, Cluserculi, Vallispondi, Seguni, Sambugheti, MontisVecli, Montis Puzzoli, Valdarchć, Ustiglani, Meldulć, Mustiloć et Lajolć" to "Dno Ludovico filio q. Dni Raynaldi de Caminatis" by charter dated 28 Aug 1269[9]

iii)        MANENTESSA (-after 28 Aug 1269).  "Dna Beatricis uxor q. Dni Guidonis comitis de Glazolo" acting in the name of "legatorum sibi relictorum a d. viro suo et a filiis suis Raynerio et Uberto comitibus quos habuit ex d. viro suo" and "filić dicti Dni Guidonis Dna Manentessa uxor Dni Guidonis comitis Montisferetri, ipso viro suo prćsente" and "Dna Sapia" and "Dna Orabilis, sive Beatrisia, filia q. dicti Dno Comitis Uberti" ceded "castris…Glazoli, Cluserculi, Vallispondi, Seguni, Sambugheti, MontisVecli, Montis Puzzoli, Valdarchć, Ustiglani, Meldulć, Mustiloć et Lajolć" to "Dno Ludovico filio q. Dni Raynaldi de Caminatis" by charter dated 28 Aug 1269[10]m GUIDO da Montefeltro Conte di Montefeltro, son of MONTEFELTRANO da Montefeltro & his wife --- (-1298). 

iv)        [SAPIA (-after 28 Aug 1269).  "Dna Beatricis uxor q. Dni Guidonis comitis de Glazolo" acting in the name of "legatorum sibi relictorum a d. viro suo et a filiis suis Raynerio et Uberto comitibus quos habuit ex d. viro suo" and "filić dicti Dni Guidonis Dna Manentessa uxor Dni Guidonis comitis Montisferetri, ipso viro suo prćsente" and "Dna Sapia" and "Dna Orabilis, sive Beatrisia, filia q. dicti Dno Comitis Uberti" ceded "castris…Glazoli, Cluserculi, Vallispondi, Seguni, Sambugheti, MontisVecli, Montis Puzzoli, Valdarchć, Ustiglani, Meldulć, Mustiloć et Lajolć" to "Dno Ludovico filio q. Dni Raynaldi de Caminatis" by charter dated 28 Aug 1269[11].  The document does not specify Sapia´s parentage, but the wording suggests that she may have been the younger sister of Manentessa, presumably unmarried at the time.] 

b)         RANIERI (-after 10 Sep 1232).  A supplement, dated 10 Sep, to a charter dated 2 Sep 1232 records that "Rainerius comes de Carpigno e Guido e Rainerio suoi figli" confirmed the grant by "Dns Ugo comes de Carpigno…pro se et fre suo dono Rainerio eorumque filiis et herdibus" to the commune of Rimini[12]

 

 

 

B.      PALLAVICINI

 

 

1.         OBERTO Pallavicini, son of OBERTO & his wife --- (-1148)

 

 

2.         OBERTO Pallavicini (-Castro Gifalgio May 1269, bur Gifalgio).  Marchese Pallavicini.  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Obertus Palavicinus vicarius…imperatoris Frederici" destroyed "Pontremulenses" in 1241[13]Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Obertus Marchio Pelavicinus" was made "Potestas Mediolani…et in Potestatem Placentić" in 1252, and in 1255 destroyed "castra…Grintorto, de Arcellis, de Groppo, de Pigazano, de Ripalta, de Rivalgario, de Cagnano, de Travano, de Bubiano, muros Vallis Tarii, et Castra Gonzanengullis et Montis-Sancti et alia loca" in 1255[14]Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Obertus Marchio Pelavicinus" entered "Cremam" in 1258 with the commune of Cremona and troops from Bologna[15].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Obertus Pelavicinus" entered Piacenza in 1261 and installed "Dominum Vicecomitem Pelavicinum nepotem suum" there[16].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Ubertus Marchio Pelavicinus" died in May 1269 "in castro suo Gyfaligii" and was buried there[17].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Ubertus Marchio Pelavicinus" was succeeded by "filium unum Manfredum et tres filias" who were under the guardianship of "Dominorum Ubertini et Vicecomitis Pelavicini nepotum suorum"[18]m ---.  The name of Oberto´s wife is not known.  Oberto & his wife had five children: 

a)         --- Pallavicini (-before 1269)m as her first husband, MARGHERITA di Monferrato, daughter of GUGLIELMO VII Marchese di Monferrato & his wife Isabel de Clare (-1286).  The Chronicon Astense records that "Guilielmus Marchio Montisferrati…Margaritam filiam eius…annorum VII" married "filio Pelavicini" after whose death she married "filio Alfonsi Regis Hispanić"[19].  She married secondly (1281) as his first wife, Infante don Juan de Castilla Seńor de Campo. 

b)         MANFREDO Pallavicini .  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Ubertus Marchio Pelavicinus" was succeeded by "filium unum Manfredum et tres filias" who were under the guardianship of "Dominorum Ubertini et Vicecomitis Pelavicini nepotum suorum"[20]

c)         three daughters .  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Ubertus Marchio Pelavicinus" was succeeded by "filium unum Manfredum et tres filias" who were under the guardianship of "Dominorum Ubertini et Vicecomitis Pelavicini nepotum suorum"[21]

3.         --- Pallavicinim ---.  One child: 

a)         UBERTINO Pallavicini .  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Ubertus Marchio Pelavicinus" was succeeded by "filium unum Manfredum et tres filias" who were under the guardianship of "Dominorum Ubertini et Vicecomitis Pelavicini nepotum suorum"[22]

4.         --- Pallavicinim ---.  One child: 

a)         --- Pallavicini .  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Obertus Pelavicinus" entered Piacenza in 1261 and installed "Dominum Vicecomitem Pelavicinum nepotem suum" there[23].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Ubertus Marchio Pelavicinus" was succeeded by "filium unum Manfredum et tres filias" who were under the guardianship of "Dominorum Ubertini et Vicecomitis Pelavicini nepotum suorum"[24].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Vicecomes Marchio Pelavicinus et Lanzalottus Angusola" were elected "Abbates et Rectores Populi et Communis Placentić" 26 Jun 1307[25]

 

5.         GUGLIELMO Pallavicini (-Cremona 28 Dec 1284, bur Cremona cathedral)Marchese di Scipioni.  m (after 1264) as her second husband, COSTANZA d´Este, widow of UMBERTO Conte di Maremma, daughter of AZZO [VII] Marchese d´Este Signore di Ferrara & his first wife Giovanna --- (-Ferrara after 1315).  The Cronica Fratris Salimbene de Adam names "domina Constantia filia Açonis marchioni Hestensis" as wife of "domni Guilielmus primogenitus…domni Pallavicin"[26].  Nun at Ferrara San Antonio, after her second husband died. 

 

 

The connection between the Pallavicini families in northern Italy and Greece has not yet been established: 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         GUIDO Pallavicini (-after 2 May 1237).  He was invested with the fief of Boudonitza in Greece and built the castle on his land[27]Marchese of Boudonitzam SIBYLLE, daughter of ---.  Guido & his wife had three children: 

-        MARCHESI di BOUDONITZA

2.         RUBINO Pallavicini m ---.  The name of Rubino´s wife is not known.  Rubino & his wife had one child: 

-        MARCHESI di BOUDONITZA

 

 

 

C.      PIACENZA

 

 

1.         ALBERTO [I] Scoto (-after 1314).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Albertus Scotus" was installed as "dominum civitatis Placentić" by "Dominus Albertus de Fontana"[28]Signor di Piacenza.  The Annales Mediolanenses record that "Albertus Scotus Dominus civitatis Placentić" took part in the rebellion against "Matthćum Vicecomitem Dominum civitatis Mediolani" in 1302 and entered Milan[29].  The Annales Mediolanenses record that Matteo [I] Visconti Lord of Milan deprived "Albertus Scotus" of the lordship of Piacenza in 1314[30]m ---.  The name of Alberto's wife is not known.  Alberto & his wife had one child: 

a)         FRANCISCO Scoto (-after 1336).  Signor di PiacenzaGiovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Franciscus Scotus Domini Alberti" was replaced in "dominium Placentić" by "Domino Azoni Vicecomiti" in 1336, adding that the Milanese held the city until 1400[31]m ---.  The name of Francisco´s wife is not known.  Francisco & his wife had one child: 

i)          CRISTOFORO Scoto (-before 1394).  His parentage is confirmed by Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum which records that his son "Dominus Franciscus Scotus filius quondam Domini Christophori Scoti quondam filii Domini Francisci Scoti Militis, filii quondam Domini Alberti Scoti Militis…" was knighted in 1394[32]m ---.  The name of Cristoforo´s wife is not known.  Cristoforo & his wife had one child: 

(a)       FRANCISCO Scoto .  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Franciscus Scotus filius quondam Domini Christophori Scoti quondam filii Domini Francisci Scoti Militis, filii quondam Domini Alberti Scoti Militis, qui Dominus Albertus et Franciscus eius filius fuerunt Domini civitatis Placentić" was knighted in 1394[33]

 

 

 

D.      PESARO, RIMINI (MALATESTA)

 

 

The charters reproduced by Tonini demonstrate a dual system of government in the city of Rimini during the early 13th century, with both the commune of Rimini and also the "podestŕ" of Rimini acting in different capacities[34].  It does not appear that the podestŕ acted in the name of, or headed, the commune, although the precise relationship between the two is not apparent from the documentation.  In common with other northern Italian cities, a third element is also present in the administration.  The local counts were the conti di Carpegna, who submitted their land to the commune of Rimini by charter dated 2 Sep 1232[35].  However, the comital family retained some degree of status in the city, at least for a few years, as demonstrated by a charter dated 21 Jan 1252 which names "Dno Guidone comite de Carpinyo" among those present at a commitment made by representatives of the bishop of Rimini to the commune of Rimini[36].  This arrangement appears similar to the one which prevailed in Verona, as discussed below.  In common with other northern Italian cities, a prominent local family emerged as leader of Rimini during the course of the 13th and early 14th centuries: the family Malatesta are recorded as having settled in Rimini in 1216 (see below, Part B.) and are named regularly in subsequent documents.  The pre-eminence of their leadership in Rimini was not unchallenged at that time: the Montefeltro family from Urbino are also recorded in documentation relating to Rimini and, in 1265, Taddeo Conti di Montefeltro is named as podestŕ of the city[37].  By the early 1260s, Malatesta [III] enjoyed a position of some power, as demonstrated by the Pope writing several times to him direct.  It is possible that Malatesta was able to profit from the enmity between the Montefeltro family and the Pope to consolidate his position in Rimini: Pope Martin IV described Guido da Montefeltro as "persecutorem Romanć ecclić" in a charter dated 9 Oct 1281[38].  Rimini was incorporated into the Papal States in 1528.  

 

 

1.         MALATESTA [I] (-before 28 Aug 1210).  m ALABURGA, daughter of --- (-after 28 Aug 1210).  "Malatesta qndam filii Malateste cum matre mea dna Alaburga" donated property to Mazaferro, with the consent of "uxore mea dna Adalasia", by charter dated 28 Aug 1210[39].  Malatesta & his wife had [three] children:

a)         GIOVANNI [I] Malatesta (-after 18 Mar 1216).  "Dni Johes Malatesta et Malatesta" promised "dno Ottoni de Mandello Pot Arim" [Podestŕ di Rimini] to settle at Rimini "cum tota sua familia" by charter dated 18 Mar 1216[40].  

b)         MALATESTA [II] della Penna (-1248).  "Malatesta qndam filii Malateste cum matre mea dna Alaburga" donated property to Mazaferro, with the consent of "uxore mea dna Adalasia", by charter dated 28 Aug 1210[41].  "Dni Johes Malatesta et Malatesta" promised "dno Ottoni de Mandello Pot Arim" [Podestŕ di Rimini] to settle at Rimini "cum tota sua familia" by charter dated 18 Mar 1216[42].  m ADALASIA, daughter of ---.  "Malatesta qndam filii Malateste cum matre mea dna Alaburga" donated property to Mazaferro, with the consent of "uxore mea dna Adalasia", by charter dated 28 Aug 1210[43].  

c)         [RAMBERTO Malatesta (-before 14 Jan 1276).  The document quoted below names "Dni Ramberti Malateste" as father of Giovanni, presumably.  This could indicate that Ramberto´s father was either Malatesta [I] or Malatesta [II].]  m ---.  The name of Ramberto´s wife is not known.  Ramberto & his wife had one child: 

i)          GIOVANNI (-after 21 Feb 1287).  A proxy dated 14 Jan 1276 names "nobilis militis Dni Malatestć de Veruclo et Pauli filii ipsius Dni Malatestć…de comitatu Feretrano…Dno Guidone comite Montisferetri et Dno Joanne quondam Dni Ramberti Malateste"[44].  A charter dated 21 Feb 1287 names "Dnus Malatesta de Viruculo dnus Joes dni Ramberti de Malatestis et Johes et Maletestinus filii d. dni Malateste" as proxies to negotiate peace with "dnis fratres Albrigo, Ugolino eius filio, et Franco q. dni Alberghici de Manfredis"[45]

 

 

The charters quoted below show that Malatesta [III] was the grandson of Malatesta [I] but do not name his father.  The fact that he named his oldest known son Giovanni suggests that he may have been the son of Giovanni [I]. 

1.         MALATESTA [III] da Verrucchio ([1212]-Rimini 1312).  Filippo Bishop of Rimini granted "castrum Glazolum" {Ghiaggiolo} to "Malatestć de Veruculo de Arimino tuisque filiis et nepotibus" by charter dated 15 Mar 1263, in the presence of "Dńo Azzo comite Bagnacaualli…"[46].  Podestŕ di Rimini.  A bull of Pope Urban IV dated 23 Jul 1263 records the intercession of "nobilis vir Malatesta de Veruculo Potestas Ariminensis"[47].  Pope Urban IV confirmed privileges to "nobili viro Malateste et Concordie uxori eius civibus Ariminen." assumed by "quondam --- patrem tuum fili. M. per rapinam et alios modos illicitos" by charter dated 6 Nov 1263[48].  Pope Urban IV granted privileges relating to the church of Romagna to "Malatesta et Johes ac Paulus filii eius cives Ariminen." by charter dated 9 Feb 1264[49].  Pope Clement IV gave news of the victory of Charles King of Sicily [Anjou-Capet] at Lago Fucino to "nob. viro Malateste de Veruculo et comiti Matheo de Montefiltro" by charter dated 26 Aug 1268[50].  A proxy dated 14 Jan 1276 names "nobilis militis Dni Malatestć de Veruclo et Pauli filii ipsius Dni Malatestć…de comitatu Feretrano…Dno Guidone comite Montisferetri et Dno Joanne quondam Dni Ramberti Malateste"[51].  A charter dated Oct 1285 records a lawsuit brought by "Magnificus Dns Malatesta de Veruculo potas Arimin" against "Phylipucium bastardum qdam dni Thadei comitis…Coradi filii qdm supracscripti dni Thadei comitis"[52]m firstly CONCORDIA, daughter of --- (-[6 Nov 1263/1265]).  Pope Urban IV confirmed privileges to "nobili viro Malateste et Concordie uxori eius civibus Ariminen." assumed by "quondam --- patrem tuum fili. M. per rapinam et alios modos illicitos" by charter dated 6 Nov 1263[53]m secondly (contract 25 Jul 1266) MARGHERITA Paltonieri, daughter of PANDOLFO Paltonieri & his wife ---.  The marriage contract between "Dns Malatesta de Verucolo civis Ariminensis" and "dna Margarita filia qdm dni Pantulfi filii qdm dni Piscis de Paltoneriis de Monte Silice" is dated 25 Jul 1266[54].  Malatesta [III] & his first wife had three children: 

a)         GIOVANNI [II] "lo Sciancato" Malatesta (-1304).  Pope Urban IV granted privileges relating to the church of Romagna to "Malatesta et Johes ac Paulus filii eius cives Ariminen." by charter dated 9 Feb 1264[55].  A charter dated 21 Feb 1287 names "Dnus Malatesta de Viruculo dnus Joes dni Ramberti de Malatestis et Johes et Maletestinus filii d. dni Malateste" as proxies to negotiate peace with "dnis fratres Albrigo, Ugolino eius filio, et Franco q. dni Alberghici de Manfredis"[56].  Podestŕ di Pesaro 1294.  m FRANCESCA da Polenta, daughter of --- (-murdered 1285).  She was murdered by her husband for her suspected adultery with his brother Paolo.  Giovanni [II] & [his wife] had one child: 

i)          GUIDO (-after 10 Jul 1298).  Pope Boniface VIII conferred "la Pieve di S. Paola di Roncofreddo", vacant following the death of "Ramberti nati…filii…Malateste de Veruculo", on "Guidoni nato Johannes nati…filii…Malateste de Veruculo" by charter dated 10 Jul 1298[57]

b)         PAOLO Malatesta (-murdered 1285).  Pope Urban IV granted privileges relating to the church of Romagna to "Malatesta et Johes ac Paulus filii eius cives Ariminen." by charter dated 9 Feb 1264[58].  A proxy dated 14 Jan 1276 names "nobilis militis Dni Malatestć de Veruclo et Pauli filii ipsius Dni Malatestć…de comitatu Feretrano…Dno Guidone comite Montisferetri et Dno Joanne quondam Dni Ramberti Malateste"[59].  He was murdered by his brother Giovanni who suspected him of having committed adultery with his wife. 

c)         RAMBERTO Malatesta (-before 10 Jul 1298).  Pope Boniface VIII conferred "la Pieve di S. Paola di Roncofreddo", vacant following the death of "Ramberti nati…filii…Malateste de Veruculo", on "Guidoni nato Johannes nati…filii…Malateste de Veruculo" by charter dated 10 Jul 1298[60]

Malatesta [III] & his second wife had three children: 

d)         MALATESTA [IV] dall´Ochio Malatesta (-1317).  A charter dated 21 Feb 1287 names "Dnus Malatesta de Viruculo dnus Joes dni Ramberti de Malatestis et Johes et Maletestinus filii d. dni Malateste" as proxies to negotiate peace with "dnis fratres Albrigo, Ugolino eius filio, et Franco q. dni Alberghici de Manfredis"[61]m (Papal dispensation 8 Aug 1288) AGNESE da Montefeltro, daughter of CORRADO da Montefeltro Conte di Montefeltro & his wife ---.  Pope Nicholas IV issued a dispensation dated 8 Aug 1288 for the marriage of "Malatestini Nepotis…fil…Malateste de Verruculo" and "Agnetis nate…Conradi comitis Montisferetri" despite "quarto…consanguinitatis gradu"[62].  Malatesta & his wife had one child: 

i)          FERRANTINO Malatesta (-1353).  Signore di Riminim ---.  The name of Ferrantino´s wife is not known.  Ferrantino & his wife had one child: 

(a)       MALATESTA Novello Malatesta (-1335).  m POLENTESIA da Polenta, daughter of GUIDO Novello da Polenta & his wife Catarina Malabocca.  Malatesta & his wife had one child: 

(1)       RENGARDA Malatestam FRANCESCO Manfredi, son of ALBERGHETTINO Manfredi & his wife Geltrude Belmonte (-1343). 

e)         PANDOLFO [I] Malatesta (-Rimini 6 Apr 1326, bur Rimini San Francesco).  Signore di Pesaro.  m TADDEA, daughter of ---.  Pandolfo & his wife had two children: 

-        MALATESTA.  

f)          daughter ([1278/79]-).  Pope Martin IV prohibited "nobili viro Malatestć de Veruculo civi Ariminen" from betrothing "filia tua, quć nondum duos annos complevit" to "Guidonem de Montefiltro persecutorem Romanć ecclić…uno ex ipsius Guidonis filiis" by charter dated 9 Oct 1281[63]

 

 

 

E.      CONTI di URBINO, CONTI di MONTEFELTRO (MONTEFELTRO)

 

 

MONTEFELTRANO (-before 2 Dec 1216). 

m ---.  The name of Montefeltrano´s wife is not known. 

Montefeltrano & his wife had two children: 

1.         BONCONTE da Montefeltro (-after [1236]).  "Dns Bon´comes olim filii Monteferetrani…pro se et fratre suo dno Thadeo" acknowledged receipt of money from the commune of Rimini by charter dated 2 Dec 1216[64].  A charter dated 28 Sep 1228 records an agreement between "dnm Bonucomitem pro se et Dadeo fre suo et dnm Rainerium de Capigno…civit Urbini" and the city of Rimini[65]Conte di Urbino.  A charter dated 22 and 27 Sep 1233 records an agreement between, on the one side "dnm Carneleuarium de Pavia de imperiali mandato Rectorem roman." and the other the bishop of Rimini, "dnm Bonucomite Montisfeltri et Urbini comitis" and the commune of Rimini, relating to the war with Urbino[66]m ---.  The name of Bonconte´s wife is not known.  Bonconte & his wife had two children: 

a)         TADDEO da Montefeltro (-after 21 Jan 1252).  "Dnis Dadeo Bonicomitis…" [assumed to indicate that this Taddeo was the son of Bonconte] is named as present in a charter dated 2 Sep 1232 under which "Dns Ugo comes de Carpigno…pro se et fre suo dono Rainerio eorumque filiis et herdibus" submitted their land to the commune of Rimini[67]Conte di Montefeltro.  A charter dated 21 Jan 1252 records a commitment made by representatives of the bishop of Rimini to the commune of Rimini and "nobilem vicarum dnum Thadeum comitem Montisferetri"[68].  Pope Clement IV wrote to "nobili viro Taddeo comiti Feltren potestati Arimenen." dated 26 Oct 1265[69].  Pope Clement IV gave news of the victory of Charles King of Sicily [Anjou-Capet] at Lago Fucino to "nob. viro Malateste de Veruculo et comiti Matheo de Montefiltro" by charter dated 26 Aug 1268[70]m ---.  The name of Taddeo´s wife is not known.  Taddeo & his wife had two children: 

i)          CORRADO da Montefeltro (-[8 Aug 1288/8 Oct 1293]).  Conte di Montefeltro.  A charter dated Oct 1285 records a lawsuit brought by "Magnificus Dns Malatesta de Veruculo potas Arimin" against "Phylipucium bastardum qdam dni Thadei comitis…Coradi filii qdm supracscripti dni Thadei comitis"[71]m ---.  The name of Corrado´s wife is not known.  Corrado & his wife had one child: 

(a)       AGNESE da Montefeltro .  Pope Nicholas IV issued a dispensation dated 8 Aug 1288 for the marriage of "Malatestini Nepotis…fil…Malateste de Verruculo" and "Agnetis nate…Conradi comitis Montisferetri" despite "quarto…consanguinitatis gradu"[72]m (Papal dispensation 8 Aug 1288) MALATESTA [IV] dall´Ochio Malatesta, son of MALATESTA [III] da Verrucchio & his second wife Margherita Paltonieri (-1317). 

ii)         TADDEO da Montefeltro (-after 18 May 1296).  A charter dated 8 Oct 1293 records peace between "Tadeus natus condam dni Tadei comitis Montis feretri et Urbini" and "dno Malatesste de Vuclo eiusque filiis" following "malis opibus Coradi fris ipsius"[73]Conte di Montefeltro, Conte di Urbino.  "Dni Malateste de Veruclo" renewed proposals of friendship to "Tadeo nato dni Tadei Novelli condam comitis Motisferetri et Urbini" by charter dated 18 May 1296[74]

Taddeo had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

iii)        FILIPPO (-after Oct 1285).  A charter dated Oct 1285 records a lawsuit brought by "Magnificus Dns Malatesta de Veruculo potas Arimin" against "Phylipucium bastardum qdam dni Thadei comitis…Coradi filii qdm supracscripti dni Thadei comitis"[75]

b)         MONTEFELTRANO da Montefeltro (-1255).  "Dns Montefeltran" notified the appointment of "dnm Philippum suum judice suum vicarium" to "Hesio pot" [potestŕ di Rimini] by charter dated 17 Feb 1243[76].  Podestŕ di Urbino.  m ---.  The name of Montefeltrano´s wife is not known.  Montefeltrano & his wife had one child: 

i)          GUIDO da Montefeltro (-1298)Conte di MontefeltroA bull of Pope Boniface VIII dated 21 Mar 1296 ordered "Guidonis comitis Montisferetri" to release "Galassinum natum quondam Cignacte de Arimino"[77]m MANENTESSA, daughter of GUIDO Conte di Ghiaggiolo & his wife Beatrice ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 28 Aug 1269 under which "Dna Beatricis uxor q. Dni Guidonis comitis de Glazolo", acting in the name of "legatorum sibi relictorum a d. viro suo et a filiis suis Raynerio et Uberto comitibus quos habuit ex d. viro suo", and "filić dicti Dni Guidonis Dna Manentessa uxor Dni Guidonis comitis Montisferetri, ipso viro suo prćsente" and "Dna Sapia" and "Dna Orabilis, sive Beatrisia, filia q. dicti Dno Comitis Uberti" ceded "castris…Glazoli, Cluserculi, Vallispondi, Seguni, Sambugheti, MontisVecli, Montis Puzzoli, Valdarchć, Ustiglani, Meldulć, Mustiloć et Lajolć" to "Dno Ludovico filio q. Dni Raynaldi de Caminatis"[78].  Guido & his wife had two children: 

(a)       FEDERICO da Montefeltro (-after 1322)Conte di Urbino 1298-1322.  He was expelled from Urbino. 

-         URBINO

(b)       son .  Pope Martin IV prohibited "nobili viro Malatestć de Veruculo civi Ariminen" from betrothing "filia tua, quć nondum duos annos complevit" to "Guidonem de Montefiltro persecutorem Romanć ecclić…uno ex ipsius Guidonis filiis" by charter dated 9 Oct 1281[79]

2.         TADDEO da Montefeltro (-after 28 Sep 1228).  "Dns Bon´comes olim filii Monteferetrani…pro se et fratre suo dno Thadeo" acknowledged receipt of money from the commune of Rimini by charter dated 2 Dec 1216[80].  A charter dated 28 Sep 1228 records an agreement between "dnm Bonucomitem pro se et Dadeo fre suo et dnm Rainerium de Capigno…civit Urbini" and the city of Rimini[81]

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    LIGURIA

 

 

 

A.      MARCHESI di GAVI

 

 

GUIDO, son of ALBERTO detto Rufo & his wife Giuditta di Parma (-after 1060)Marchese.  "Wido marchio filio b. m. Alberti qui fuit itemque marchio" donated property to the monastery of St Venerio by charter dated 1051[82].  "Wido marchio filio bone memorie Adhelberti qui fuit similiter marchio" donated property to the monastery of St Venerio by charter dated 1060[83]

 

 

GUIDO (-before 1172). 

m ---.  The name of Guido's wife is not known. 

Guido & his wife had one child:

1.         ALBERTO [I] (-before 1178).  Marchese di Gavi.  A charter dated 10 Dec 1172 records an agreement between the people of Alessandria and "Albertus marchio Gavii filius quondam Guidonis"[84]m ---.  The name of Alberto's wife is not known.  Alberto & his wife had four children:

a)         GIOVANNI di Gavi (-before 1202).  Marchese di Gavim ---.  The name of Giovanni's wife is not known.  Giovanni & his wife had [five] children:

i)          GUIDO di Gavi (-before 1202)Marchese di Gavi.  The Annales of Ogerio Panis name "marchiones…de Gavi, Albertus…et Wilielmus et Ranierius fratres…et filiis quondam Guidonis fratris eorum" in 1202[85]m ---.  The name of Guido's wife is not known.  Guido & his wife had two children: 

-         see below

ii)         ALBERTO [II] di Gavi (-after 1218).  The Annales of Ogerio Panis name "marchiones…de Gavi, Albertus…et Wilielmus et Ranierius fratres…et filiis quondam Guidonis fratris eorum" in 1202[86]Marchese di Gavim ---.  The name of Alberto's wife is not known.  Alberto [II] & his wife had three children:

(a)       MARIAm UGO Embriaci (-after 1229)

(b)       FEDERICO di Gavi (-after 1278).  Marchese di Gavim SIBILLA di Negro, daughter of ENRICO di Negro & his wife --- (-after 1251). 

(1)       ENRICO di Gavi (-after 1274).  Marchese di Gavi.  

(2)       ANDREA (-after 1287).  Arciprete di Viguzzolo, Canon of Tortona. 

(c)       ALBERTO [III] di Gavi (-[1269)Marchese di Gavim CARACOSA Malaspina, daughter of ALBERTO MORO Malaspina & his wife ---.  Alberto [III] & his wife had [three] children: 

(1)       GUGLIELMO di Gavi (-after 1232).  Marchese di Gavim LIA del Prete Zaccaria, daughter of --- (-after 1268)

(2)       [LEONE .] 

(3)       [AGNESE (-after 1264.  m LANFRANCO Doria Patrizio di Genova (-after 1264).] 

iii)        GUGLIELMO (-after 1210.  The Annales of Ogerio Panis name "marchiones…de Gavi, Albertus…et Wilielmus et Ranierius fratres…et filiis quondam Guidonis fratris eorum" in 1202[87]m GUGLIELMA Pevere, daughter of --- (-after 1260).  Ancestors of ---.  

iv)        RANIERO (-after 1208).  The Annales of Ogerio Panis name "marchiones…de Gavi, Albertus…et Wilielmus et Ranierius fratres…et filiis quondam Guidonis fratris eorum" in 1202[88].  Ancestor of ---.  

v)         [GHERARDO (-after 1178).]

b)         GUGLIELMO di Gavi (-after 1198).  Marchese di Gavi.  

c)         MANFREDO di Gavi (-after 1181).  Marchese di Gavi.  

d)         ANSELMO di GaviMarchese di Gavi

 

 

GUIDO di Gavi, son of GIOVANNI Marchese di Gavi & his wife --- (-before 1202)Marchese di Gavi

m ---.  The name of Guido's wife is not known. 

Guido & his wife had two children:

1.         GIOVANNI di Gavi (-before 1231).  Marchese di Gavim MARIA, daughter of --- (-after 1266).  Giovanni & his wife had three children: 

a)         GIACOMO di Gavi (-before 1274).  Marchese di Gavim ---.  The name of Giacomo's wife is not known.  Giacomo & his wife had one child:

i)          ANDREA (-after 1291

b)         MANFREDO di Gavi (-after 1289)Marchese di Gavim firstly AGNESE Spinola, daughter of LAMBERTO Spinola Patrizio di Genova & his wife Isabella de Lacon-Gunale (-after 1253).  m secondly VERDINA Grimaldi, daughter of LUCHETTO Grimaldi Patrizio di Genova & his wife ---.  Manfredo & his first wife had nine children: 

i)          PERCIVALLE di Gavi (-after 1295).  Marchese di Gavi.  

ii)         LUCHETO (-after 1282). 

iii)        NICOLO (-after 1345). 

iv)        TARTARO (-after 1335). 

v)         GIACOMO (-after 1331). 

vi)        PAOLO (-after 1316). 

vii)       LEONE (-after 1304). 

viii)      TEDISIO (-after 1339). 

ix)        MARGHERITA

c)         CONTESSINA (-after 1256).  m SIMONETTO Doria Patrizio di Genova (-before 1275)

2.         OPIZZO [Oberto] di Gavi (-after 1233).  Marchese di Gavim ---.  The name of Opizzo's wife is not known.  Opizzo & his wife had one child:

a)         GIOVANNI di Gavi (-after 1292).  Marchese di Gavim GIACOMA Usodimare, daughter of GIACOMO OTTONE Usodimare & his wife --- (-1250). 

 

 

 

B.      GENOA - DORIA

 

 

1.         ANSALDO Doria (-after 1163).  m ---.  The name of Ansaldo´s wife is not known.  Ansaldo & his wife had two children: 

a)         ENRICO Doria (-after 20 Jul 1182).  "Ribaldus Bissacia, Bissacius filius eius, Obertus Spinola, Henricus Auria, Henricus Delesalve, Rubaldus frater eius, Otto de Caffaro, Otto Pezulus, Bauduinus Comes, et Embriacetus filius quondam Ugonis Embriac, et Rubeus de Volta" witnessed the charter dated 20 Jul 1182 which records an agreement between the Republic of Genoa and "Henricus Marchio Saonć…Marchiones Otto et Henricus filii Henrici Marchionis"[89]

b)         SIMONE Doria (-after 1188).  m ---.  The name of Simone´s wife is not known.  Simone & his wife had one child: 

i)          NICCOLŇ Doria (-after 1224).  m GIACOMETTINA della Volta, daughter of ---. 

(a)       EMMANUELE Doria )

-         see below

 

 

EMMANUELE Doria, son of NICCOLŇ Doria & his wife Giacomettina della Volta )

m ---.  The name of Emmanuele´s wife is not known. 

Emmanuele & his wife had one child: 

1.         NICCOLŇ Doria (-1276)m ---.  The name of Niccolo´s wife is not known.  Niccolň & his wife had two children: 

a)         BRANCA Doria ([1233]-Genoa before 1325).  A charter dated 23 Dec 1287 records an agreement between Brancaleo Aurie” and “Saladinus et Nicolaus Aurie filii quondam Mariani Aurie quondam Nicolai Aurie” relating to Sardinia[90]m CATARINA Zanche, daughter of MICHELE Zanche & his wife ---.  Brancaleone & his wife had one child: 

i)          BERNABŇ Doria ([1254]-[Jun 1325]).  The Chronicon Astense records that "Barnaba filius Branchć de Auria" was installed as "capitaneus" but was imprisoned by "Opicinus Spinola" in 1308 after he had attempted an alliance with their enemies the Grimaldi family[91].  Signore di Sasello e del Logoduro. 

-         see below

ii)         VIOLANTE Doria m OBERTO Doria "Dorino" Signore di Loano, son of --- (-1295). 

b)         MARIANO Doria (-before 23 Dec 1287).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 23 Dec 1287 which records an agreement between Brancaleo Aurie” and “Saladinus et Nicolaus Aurie filii quondam Mariani Aurie quondam Nicolai Aurie” relating to Sardinia[92]m ---.  The name of Mariano´s wife is not known.  Mariano & his wife had two children: 

i)          SALADINO DoriaA charter dated 23 Dec 1287 records an agreement between Brancaleo Aurie” and “Saladinus et Nicolaus Aurie filii quondam Mariani Aurie quondam Nicolai Aurie” relating to Sardinia, on the advice of “dominorum Oberti et Babilani Aurie propinquorum suorum[93]

ii)         NICCOLO DoriaA charter dated 23 Dec 1287 records an agreement between Brancaleo Aurie” and “Saladinus et Nicolaus Aurie filii quondam Mariani Aurie quondam Nicolai Aurie” relating to Sardinia[94]

 

 

1.         ANDREA Doria m [SUSANNA di Lacon, daughter of BARISONE [II] Judge of Torres & his wife Preziosa di Orrubu].  Fara names “Susannam” as the daughter of “Barison de Lacon”, records her marriage to “Andreć Aurić nobili Genuensi”, names their child “Danielem”, and adds that “a quo postea Barison, Gavinus, Nicolaus et Petrinus Aurić domini regionis Nurrć processerunt[95].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  A close connection between the Doria and Torres families is probable to explain the inheritance by Babilano, Manuele, Niccolo, Barisone, Petrino and Gavino Doria (all named below) of parts of the rights in the judgeship of Torres. 

 

2.         BABILANO Doria .  “Dominus Babilanus Aurie nomine suo proprio et nomine Guillini et Branche filiorum quondam Manuelini Aurie...et Bonifazius Rizardus et Babilanus filii quondam domini Nicolai Aurie” reached agreement with the commune of Genoa relating to their rights in Torres, Sardinia by charter dated 23 Dec 1287[96]

 

3.         MANUELE Doria (-before 23 Dec 1287).  m ---.  The name of Manuele´s wife is not known.  Manuel & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUGLIELMO Doria .  “Dominus Babilanus Aurie nomine suo proprio et nomine Guillini et Branche filiorum quondam Manuelini Aurie...et Bonifazius Rizardus et Babilanus filii quondam domini Nicolai Aurie” reached agreement with the commune of Genoa relating to their rights in Torres, Sardinia by charter dated 23 Dec 1287[97]

b)         BRANCA Doria .  “Dominus Babilanus Aurie nomine suo proprio et nomine Guillini et Branche filiorum quondam Manuelini Aurie...et Bonifazius Rizardus et Babilanus filii quondam domini Nicolai Aurie” reached agreement with the commune of Genoa relating to their rights in Torres, Sardinia by charter dated 23 Dec 1287[98]

 

4.         NICCOLO Doria (-before 23 Dec 1287).  m ---.  The name of Niccolo´s wife is not known.  Niccolo & his wife had three children: 

a)         BONIFAZIO Doria .  “Dominus Babilanus Aurie nomine suo proprio et nomine Guillini et Branche filiorum quondam Manuelini Aurie...et Bonifazius Rizardus et Babilanus filii quondam domini Nicolai Aurie” reached agreement with the commune of Genoa relating to their rights in Torres, Sardinia by charter dated 23 Dec 1287[99]

b)         RIZZARDO Doria .  “Dominus Babilanus Aurie nomine suo proprio et nomine Guillini et Branche filiorum quondam Manuelini Aurie...et Bonifazius Rizardus et Babilanus filii quondam domini Nicolai Aurie” reached agreement with the commune of Genoa relating to their rights in Torres, Sardinia by charter dated 23 Dec 1287[100]

c)         BABILANO Doria .  “Dominus Babilanus Aurie nomine suo proprio et nomine Guillini et Branche filiorum quondam Manuelini Aurie...et Bonifazius Rizardus et Babilanus filii quondam domini Nicolai Aurie” reached agreement with the commune of Genoa relating to their rights in Torres, Sardinia by charter dated 23 Dec 1287[101]

 

5.         BARISONE Doria (-before 23 Dec 1287).  m ---.  The name of Barisone´s wife is not known.  Barisone & his wife had three children: 

a)         SORLEONE Doria .  “Sorleonus et Marinus Aurie filii quondam Barixoni” reached agreement with the commune of Genoa relating to their rights in Torres, Sardinia by charter dated 23 Dec 1287[102]

b)         MARINO Doria .  “Sorleonus et Marinus Aurie filii quondam Barixoni” reached agreement with the commune of Genoa relating to their rights in Torres, Sardinia by charter dated 23 Dec 1287[103]

 

6.         PETRINO Doria (-before 23 Dec 1287).  m ---.  The name of Petrino´s wife is not known.  Petrino & his wife had one child: 

a)         GIOVANNI Doria .  “Iohaninus Aurie quondam Petrini” reached agreement with the commune of Genoa relating to his rights in Torres, Sardinia by charter dated 23 Dec 1287[104]

 

7.         GAVINO Doria (-before 23 Dec 1287).  m ---.  The name of Gavino´s wife is not known.  Gavino & his wife had four children: 

a)         PERCIVALE Doria .  “Preciualis Aurie filius quondam Gauini Aurie pro se...ac nomine...Antonii, Manuelis et Andriani fratrum suorum filiorum dicti quondam Gauini” reached agreement with the commune of Genoa relating to their rights in Torres, Sardinia by charter dated 23 Dec 1287[105]

b)         ANTONIO Doria .  “Preciualis Aurie filius quondam Gauini Aurie pro se...ac nomine...Antonii, Manuelis et Andriani fratrum suorum filiorum dicti quondam Gauini” reached agreement with the commune of Genoa relating to their rights in Torres, Sardinia by charter dated 23 Dec 1287[106]

c)         MANUELE Doria .  “Preciualis Aurie filius quondam Gauini Aurie pro se...ac nomine...Antonii, Manuelis et Andriani fratrum suorum filiorum dicti quondam Gauini” reached agreement with the commune of Genoa relating to their rights in Torres, Sardinia by charter dated 23 Dec 1287[107]

d)         ADRIANO Doria .  “Preciualis Aurie filius quondam Gauini Aurie pro se...ac nomine...Antonii, Manuelis et Andriani fratrum suorum filiorum dicti quondam Gauini” reached agreement with the commune of Genoa relating to their rights in Torres, Sardinia by charter dated 23 Dec 1287[108]

 

 

1.         OBERTO Doria (-1295).  The Chronicon Astense records that "Obertus Spinola et Obertus Auria" were installed as "capitanei generales Januć" in 1270[109].  The Chronicon Astense records that, after the death of Oberto Spinola, "Obertus Auria" resigned as "capitaneum…Januć" and was replaced by "Conradus filius [eius]"[110]m VIOLANTE Doria, daughter of BRANCA Doria & his wife Catarina Zanche.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Oberto & [his wife] had one child: 

a)         CORRADO Doria .  The Chronicon Astense records that, after the death of Oberto Spinola, "Obertus Auria" resigned as "capitaneum…Januć" and was replaced by "Conradus filius [eius]"[111]

 

 

BERNABŇ Doria, son of BRANCALEONE Doria & his wife Catarina Zancha ([1254]-[Jun 1325]).  Signore di Sasello e del Logoduro.  The Chronicon Astense records that "Barnaba filius Branchć de Auria" was installed as "capitaneus" but was imprisoned by "Opicinus Spinola" in 1308 after he had attempted an alliance with their enemies the Grimaldi family[112]

m ELIANA Fieschi, daughter of FEDERIGO Fieschi & his wife Teodora Spinola. 

Bernabo & his wife had three children: 

1.         BRANCALEONE Doriam ISOTTA Malaspina, daughter of FEDERIGO Malaspina di Villafranca & his wife ---.  Brancaleone & his wife had one child: 

a)         BRANCALEONE Doria ([1337]-Castelgenovese 1409).  m ELEONORA di Arborea, daughter of MARIANO [IV] Judge of Arborea & his wife Timbora di Roccaberti. 

2.         VALENTINA Doria (Genoa 1290-Milan 27 Aug 1359)The testament of "domini Franceschini Marchionis de Carreto…filius et hćres quondam domini Alberti Marchionis de Carreto", dated [8] Jul 1313, bequeathes property to "dominć Valentinć uxori suć…Tiburginam filiam suam"[113].  The testament of "Domina Tiburgia uxor quondam domini Alberti bonć memorić Marchionis de Carreto", dated 28 Jun 1324, bequeathes property to "…domina Valentina filia domini Bernabo de Auria uxor quondam domini Francisci de Carreto […dictus Albertus…eius filius]…"[114].  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario names "Domina de Auria de Janua" as the mother of "Matthćus, Barnabos et Galeaz fratres, filii quondam Domini Stephani"[115].  "Domina Valentina relicta quondam…domini Franceschini Marchionis de Carreto et postea relicta quondam nobilis militis domini Stephani de Vicecomitibus…et filia quondam nobilis viri Barnaboe de Auria de Janua" confirmed receipt of her dower from "domino Enrico de Carreto Marchione Saonć filio quondam domini Jacobi…vice dominorum Antonii, Alberti, Manfredi et Franceschini fratrum suorum similiter Marchionum Savonć", with the consent of "domini Cosmi de Auria honore potestatis Mediolani filii quondam item domini Cosmi de Auria…cognati dictć dominć Valentinć", by charter dated 7 Mar 1350[116]m firstly FRANCESCO di Caretto, son of ALBERTO Marchese di Caretto & his wife Tiburgia --- (-before 28 Jun 1324).  m secondly (1318) STEFANO Visconti, son of MATTEO [I] Visconti Lord of Milan & his wife Violanta di Borri (-Milan 4 Jul 1337). 

3.         ISABELLA Doria (-1353, bur Staffarda).  A continuation of the Chronica Jacobi de Aquis names "Isabella figlola di miser Bernabo di Auria capetano & come signore di Savona" as the second wife of "Manfredo", oldest son of "Thomaso…Marchese di Salucio"[117].  "Manffredus…marchio Saluciarum" gave a quittance dated 17 Jul 1308 to "Bernabo Aurie capitanneo communis et populi Janue" for the dowry of "Ysabelle filie dicti Bernabo sponsse et uxoris dicti marchionis"[118].  "Manfredus marchio Salutiarum" granted property to "Johanni de Saluciis fratri suo", with the consent of "Yssabele comittisse Saluciarum eius consortis et Manfredi, Theodori et Bonifacii filiorum suorum", by charter dated 10 Mar 1329[119].  The testament of her son "Manfredus Marchio Salutiarum filius quondam…domini Manfredi Marchionis Salutiarum", dated 5 Aug 1389, records that "mater mea" was buried in "monasterio Staffarda"[120]m (before 17 Jul 1308) as his second wife, MANFREDO IV Marchese di Saluzzo, son of TOMMASO I Marchese di Saluzzo & his wife Luigia di Ceva ([1262]-Cortemiglia 16 Sep 1340). 

 

 

1.         COSIMO Doriam ---.  The name of Cosimo´s wife is not known.  Cosimo & his wife had one child: 

a)         COSIMO Doria (-after 7 Mar 1350).  "Domina Valentina relicta quondam…domini Franceschini Marchionis de Carreto et postea relicta quondam nobilis militis domini Stephani de Vicecomitibus…et filia quondam nobilis viri Barnaboe de Auria de Janua" confirmed receipt of her dower from "domino Enrico de Carreto Marchione Saonć…", with the consent of "domini Cosmi de Auria honore potestatis Mediolani filii quondam item domini Cosmi de Auria…cognati dictć dominć Valentinć", by charter dated 7 Mar 1350[121]

 

 

1.         ISNARDO Doria .  Thierry Ganchou names “Percivale Doria fils d´Isnardo” as the father of Ilario Doria but does not cite the corresponding primary source[122]m ---.  The name of Isnardo´s wife is not known.  Isnardo & his wife had one child: 

a)         PERCIVALE Doria .  Thierry Ganchou names “Percivale Doria fils d´Isnardo” as the father of Ilario Doria but does not cite the corresponding primary source[123]m ISABELLA Salvaigo, daughter of ---.  Thierry Ganchou names “Isabella Salvaigo” as the mother of Ilario Doria, referring to “actes notariés inédits génois qui seront publiés ailleurs[124].  Percivale & his wife had one child: 

i)          ILARIO Doria ([1372]-after 18 Jan 1424).  “Dominus Ilarius de Auria sororius...domini Manuelis...Imperatoris Romeorum Paleologi” presented himself before the magistrates of the Officium Provisionis Romanie at Genoa 3 Nov 1397[125].  Georgios Phrantzes records that "princeps Demetrius cum Hilarione Doria et huius genero Georgio Hizaulo" fled Galata and found refuge in Hungary, dated to 1423[126].  Emperor Sigismund granted safe passage to “Hilario de Auria...domini Manuelis imperatoris Constantinopolitani...leviro” by charter dated 18 Jan 1424[127]m ([1393]) --- Palaiologina, illegitimate daughter of Emperor IOANNES V & his mistress ---.  Du Cange names "Zampia Palćologina, Manuelis filia notha" (referring to Emperor Manuel II) recording that she married "Hilario Dorić nobili Genuensi" in 1393 and referring to the marriage of their unnamed daughter to "Mustapha Bajazethi Gilderuni Sultani filio" which was arranged by Emperor Manuel II[128].  The basis for the date 1393 is not known.  Thierry Ganchou notes that there is no primary source which confirms her name, which he says was possibly confused with the name of one of her daughters[129]The precise relationship between the wife of Ilario Doria and Emperor Manuel II has been the source of much debate.  The earliest source which refers to Ilario is Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo who records that, during his visit to Constantinople 30 Oct 1403, he met the emperor who "directed his son-in-law a Genoese named Ilario who was married to one of his illegitimate daughters, to accompany them and show them what they wanted"[130].  Ganchou notes that in the original Spanish Ruy González calls Ilario "su yerno...Ylario, genués"[131].  A charter dated 30 Oct 1418 under which Emperor Manuel II renewed agreements with Venice is witnessed by tou...gambrou tes basileias...kyrou Ilarionos Doria[132].  Ganchou notes the difficulty in interpreting these passages due to the ambiguity of the word "gambros" (meaning either son-in-law or brother-in-law) and similar terms[133].  This recalls the similar difficulty surrounding “nepos” in western European medieval documentation.  At first sight, the relationship appears to be expressed more precisely by Laonicus Chalcocondylas in his later chronicle (dated to [1463/64]) when he records that “musulmanes Paiazitis filius” married "Byzantium...regis neptem [νιιδουν] Iannii Tuntorić [Iαννυου του Ντόρια] filiam", in a passage dated to [1403][134].  However, Ganchou highlights the difficulty of knowing whether Chalcocondylas used additional documentation which no longer survives or whether he was only interpreting the same documentation which is quoted above[135].  Indeed, in Niebuhr´s Latin translation (1843 Bonn edition) of Chalcocondylas the word “neptem” is used to translate "νιιδουν", recalling the difficulties over “nepos”.  Ganchou reviews the earlier secondary sources which acknowledged the ambiguity of the word “gambros”, and cites in particular Agostino Calcagnino in 1599 who named Ilario as “cugnato” of Emperor Manuel presumably on the basis of bulls of Pope Boniface IX dated between 1398 and 1400 in which Ilario is named “cognatus” of the emperor[136].  The debate concerning the precise family relationship appears resolved by a document issued by Ilario himself, quoted by Ganchou: “dominus Ilarius de Auria sororius...domini Manuelis...Imperatoris Romeorum Paleologi” presented himself as such before the magistrates of the Officium Provisionis Romanie at Genoa 3 Nov 1397[137].  Ilario & his wife had two children: 

(a)       daughter .  Laonicus Chalcocondylas records that “musulmanes Paiazitis filius” married "Byzantium...regis neptem [νιιδουν] Iannii Tuntorić [Iαννυου του Ντόρια] filiam", in a passage dated to [1403][138].  Du Cange records that Emperor Manuel II arranged the marriage of the unnamed daughter of "Hilario Dorić nobili Genuensi" and his wife to "Mustapha Bajazethi Gilderuni Sultani filio"[139].  The precise primary source on which this information is based has not been traced, but the chronology for such a marriage is not ideal given the supposed marriage date of her parents in 1393 and her husband´s death in 1402.  m [as his --- wife,] MUSTAFA, son of Sultan BAYAZED & his third wife Daulat Shah (1380-killed in battle Ankara 28 Jul 1402). 

(b)       daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by Georgios Phrantzes who records that "princeps Demetrius cum Hilarione Doria et huius genero Georgio Hizaulo" fled Galata and found refuge in Hungary, dated to 1423[140].  m (before 1423) GIORGIOS Hizaulos, son of --- (-after 1423). 

 

 

 

C.      GENOA - GRIMALDI

 

 

OTTO Canella, son of --- ([1070]-1143).  The Annals of Caffaro name "…Oto Cannella…" among the consuls of Genoa in 1133[141]

m ---.  The name of Otto´s wife is not known. 

Otto & his wife had [four or more] children: 

1.         BELLAMUTO .  Consul of Genoa 1124. 

2.         sons. 

3.         GRIMALDO (-[1184/97]).  The Annals of Caffaro name "…Grimaldus" among the consuls of Genoa in 1162[142].  The Annals of Oberto Cancellario name "…Grimaldo…" among the consuls of Genoa in 1170[143].  The Annals of Ottobono name "…Grimaldus…" among the consuls of Genoa in 1184[144]m ---.  The name of Grimaldo's wife is not known.  Grimaldo & his wife had one child: 

a)         OBERTO (-1252).  The Annals of Ottobono record the sieges of "turri Oberti de Grimaldo et in nova turri Oberti Spinule" in 1194[145].  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "…Obertus quondam Grimaldi…" as leader of one of the companies in Genoa in 1197[146]m ---.  The name of Oberto's wife is not known.  Oberto & his wife had four children: 

i)          GRIMALDO Grimaldi (-[1257]).  m ORIETTE, daughter of MERLE de Castres & his wife ---.  Grimaldo & his wife had three children: 

(a)       LANFRANCO (-1293).  Vicaire de Provence.  m (1281) as her first husband, AURELIA di Finale, daughter of GIACOMO di Finale Marchese di Noli e Finale & his second wife Caterina da Marano [Hohenstaufen] (Finale 1254-Genoa 1307).  She married secondly Francesco Grimaldi.  Lanfranco & his wife had three children: 

(1)       RANIERO [I] ([1267]-1314).  Seigneur de Villeneuve in Normandy, et de Cagnes in Provence.  Grand Admiral of France.  m firstly MARGHERITA Ruffo dei Conti di Sinopoli, daughter of ---.  m secondly ANDRIOLA Grillo, daughter of ---.  Raniero & his first wife had three children: 

a.         CARLO [I] (-1357).  He recaptured Monaco in 1331, and retained possession until his death.  Seigneur de Monaco

-         SEIGNEURS de MONACO.

b.         ANTONIO (-1358)

-         SEIGNEURS d´ANTIBES et de CANNES

c.         GIULIANO.  Signore di Villafranca.  m firstly TERESA Cybo, daughter of DANIELO Cybo & his wife ---.  m secondly CATERINA, sister of GIOVANNI Caraccioli, daughter of ---.

(2)       ANDARO .

-         BARONS de BUEIL.

(3)       ANTONIOm ANTONIETTA Spinola, daughter of ---.

(b)       DEVOT .  Bishop of Grasse. 

(c)       LUCHETTO .  Signore di Prelŕ.  1269.  He left descendants, extinct 1698. 

(1)       VERDINA Grimaldi m as his second wife, MANFREDO di Gavi Marchese di Gavi, son of GIOVANNI di Gavi Marchese di Gavi & his wife Maria --- (-after 1289). 

ii)         ---.

(a)       FRANCESCO Grimaldi (-1309).  He captured Monaco 8 Jan 1297, but was forced to abandon it 1301 to the Senechal of Provence, who restored it to Genoa.  m (1295) as her second husband, AURELIA di Finale, widow of LANFRANCO Grimaldi, daughter of GIACOMO di Finale Marchese di Noli e Finale & his second wife Caterina da Marano [Hohenstaufen] (Finale 1254-Genoa 1307). 

iii)        son.

iv)       INGO .  He left descendants, extinct 1800. 

4.         [OGERIO Canella (-after 31 Oct 1186).  "Oglerius Canellus et Oto Raua, Albenses" accepted property from "Aluino de Araça" by charter dated 31 Oct 1186[147].] 

 

 

 

D.      GENOA - SPINOLA

 

 

1.         GUIDO [I] Spinola (-after 1110).  The Annals of Caffaro name "Willielmus Embriacus…Guido Spinola" among the consuls of Genoa in 1102 and 1110[148]

 

2.         OBERTO [I] Spinola (-after 20 Jul 1182).  The Annals of Caffaro name "…Obertus Spinola" among the consuls of Genoa in 1143, 1149, 1154, 1157, 1161, and 1163[149].  The Annals of Oberto Cancellario name "…Oberto Spinula…" among the consuls of Genoa in 1167 and 1172[150].  "Ribaldus Bissacia, Bissacius filius eius, Obertus Spinola, Henricus Auria, Henricus Delesalve, Rubaldus frater eius, Otto de Caffaro, Otto Pezulus, Bauduinus Comes, et Embriacetus filius quondam Ugonis Embriac, et Rubeus de Volta" witnessed the charter dated 20 Jul 1182 which records an agreement between the Republic of Genoa and "Henricus Marchio Saonć…Marchiones Otto et Henricus filii Henrici Marchionis"[151]

 

3.         ANSALDO Spinola (-after 1159).  The Annals of Caffaro name "…Ansaldus Spinola" among the consuls of Genoa in 1152 and 1159[152]

 

4.         GUIDO [II] Spinola (-after 1203).  The Annals of Ottobono name "Guido Spinula consul communis…Nichola Embriacus…" among those present at the siege of Acre in [1189/90][153].  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "Willielmus Embriacus…Guido Spinula" among the consuls of Genoa in 1201[154].  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "…Guidonem Spinulam" among the advisers of "dominus Guifredotus Grassellus, Mediolanensis civis" in Genoa in 1203[155].  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "Guidonem Spinulam" as one of the ambassadors sent by Genoa to the Pisans in 1210[156]

 

5.         OBERTO [II] Spinola (-after Nov 1217).  The Annals of Ottobono record the sieges of "turri Oberti de Grimaldo et in nova turri Oberti Spinule" in 1194[157].  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "…Obertus Spinula" among the consuls of Genoa in 1207 and 1214[158].  The consuls of Genoa "…Obertus Spinola" enfeoffed "Octoni de Carreto marchioni et civi Januensi et Ugoni filio vestro" with "castrum Carii" by charter dated 25 Jul 1214[159].  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "Obertus Spinula" among those who were sent to Rome in Nov 1217 to hear the Pope pronounce peace between the Genoese and the Pisans[160]

 

6.         GUGLIELMO Spinola (-after 1216).  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "…Willielmus Spinula" among the consuls of Genoa in 1207[161].  The Annals of Ogerio Panis records that "Ottobonus et Willielmus Spinula" fought the Pisans in 1207[162].  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "Philippus Embriacus…Wilielmus Spinulla" among the consuls of Genoa in 1216[163]

 

7.         OTTOBONO Spinola (-after 1207).  The Annals of Ogerio Panis records that "Ottobonus et Willielmus Spinula" fought the Pisans in 1207[164]

 

8.         GIOVANNI Spinola (-after 1223).  The Annals of Marchisio name "Willielmum Ugonis Embriacum…Iohannem Spinulam…" among those involved in the administration of the commune of Genoa in 1223[165]

 

 

1.         NICCOLŇ Spinolam ---.  The name of Niccolň´s wife is not known.  Niccolň & his wife had three children: 

a)         GIOVANNI Spinola (-before 26 Nov 1258).  His parentage is confirmed by the testament of his wife "Aldina uxor Johannis Spinule filii quondam Nicolai Spinule", dated 26 Nov 1258[166]m ALDINA, daughter of --- (-after 26 Nov 1258, bur Genoa Santi Siri).  The testament of "Aldina uxor Johannis Spinule filii quondam Nicolai Spinule", dated 26 Nov 1258, provided for her burial "apud ecclesiam Sancti Siri de Janua" and made religious bequests, witnessed by "Enricus Spinula quondam Nicolai Spinule…Bonifacius Spinula quondam Nicolai Spinule"[167]

b)         ENRICO Spinola (-after 26 Nov 1258).  The testament of "Aldina uxor Johannis Spinule filii quondam Nicolai Spinule", dated 26 Nov 1258, provided for her burial "apud ecclesiam Sancti Siri de Janua" and made religious bequests, witnessed by "Enricus Spinula quondam Nicolai Spinule…Bonifacius Spinula quondam Nicolai Spinule"[168]

c)         BONIFAZIO Spinola (-after 26 Nov 1258).  The testament of "Aldina uxor Johannis Spinule filii quondam Nicolai Spinule", dated 26 Nov 1258, provided for her burial "apud ecclesiam Sancti Siri de Janua" and made religious bequests, witnessed by "Enricus Spinula quondam Nicolai Spinule…Bonifacius Spinula quondam Nicolai Spinule"[169]

 

 

1.         RINALDO Spinolam ---.  The name of Rinaldo´s wife is not known.  Rinaldo & his wife had one child: 

a)         OBIZZO Spinola (-after 1270).  The Historia Sicula of Bartolomeo di Novocastro names "Conradus de Antiochia et Margarita soror eius" as the two children of "Fridericus de Antiochia" and his wife, adding that "Margarita" and her husband (unnamed) had "Beatricem" who married "Opizo filio Raynaldi Spinule"[170].  The Chronicon Astense records that "Obertus Spinola et Obertus Auria" were installed as "capitanei generales Januć" in 1270[171]m BEATRICE, daughter of --- & his wife Margherita di Antiochia.  The Historia Sicula of Bartolomeo di Novocastro names "Conradus de Antiochia et Margarita soror eius" as the two children of "Fridericus de Antiochia" and his wife, adding that "Margarita" and her husband (unnamed) had "Beatricem" who married "Opizo filio Raynaldi Spinule"[172].  Obizzo & [his wife] had one child: 

i)          CORRADO Spinola .  The Chronicon Astense records that "Conradum filium Oberti Spinolć" was installed as "capitaneum…Januć" after the death of his father[173]m ARGENTINA Fieschi, daughter of OPIZZONE Fieschi & his wife Simona ---.  The name of Corrado´s wife is not known.  Corrado & his wife had two children: 

(a)       SBARALIA Spinola .  The Chronicon Astense records that, during the rebellion of "Grimaldi" after the appointment of Corrado Spinola and Corrado Spinola as "capitanei…Januć", "Sbaralia filius Conradi Spinolć" was killed[174]

(b)       OBIZZO Spinola di Lucoli (-1315).  The Chronicon Astense records that "Opicinus eius filius" was installed as "capitaneus" after the death of "Conradus Spinola"[175].  Doge of Genoa.  m VIOLANTE di Saluzzo, daughter of TOMMASO I Marchese di Saluzzo & his wife Aloisia di Ceva.  Obizzo & his wife had two children: 

(1)       ARGENTINA Spinola .  The Chronicon Astense records the marriage in 1306 of "Theodorus filius Imperatoris Grćcorum" and "filiam Opecini Spinolć dicti de Luculis tunc Capitanei Januć…Argentinam"[176].  Pachymeres records the marriage of "quidam Spinulus…filia" and "filium imperatoris Theodorum", dated to [1306] from the context[177].  Benvenuto di San Giorgio, quoting Ruffino Ventura Astense, records the marriage of "Theodorus filius Imperatoris Grćcorum" and "filiam Oppicini Spinulć tunc Capitanei Januć…Argentinam"[178]m (1306) TEODORO Paleologo Marchese di Monferrato, son of Emperor ANDRONIKOS II & his second wife Yolanda [Eirene] di Monferrato ([1291]-21 Apr 1338). 

(2)       --- Spinola .  The Chronicon Astense records that "Comes Philippus de Langusco Papić Comes" married "aliam filiam [Opecini] Spinulć [dicti de Luculis tunc Capitanei Januć]"[179]m FILIPPO di Langusco Conte di Pavia, son of ---. 

 

 

 

E.      LAVAGNA (FIESCHI)

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below.  Many of the sources which have been found identify the relationships in the later generations of the Fieschi family only as "nepos/neptis" of the two Popes Innocent IV and Adrian V.  This suggests that the following outline, mainly copied from secondary sources, may in large part be speculative and should be treated with caution until further primary source data emerges. 

 

 

1.         GERARDO (-after 4 Oct 1158).  Conte di Lavagna.  "Dominum Opizonem Malaspina marchionem filium quondam domni Alberti marchionis…ex natione…Langobardorum" sold the castle and town of Pizzocorno to the monastery of Sant´Alberto di Butrio by charter dated 4 Oct 1158, witnessed by "Ghirardi comitis de Lavagna…"[180]

 

2.         ROBALDO [I] Fiesco .  Conte di Lavagna1060.  m ---.  The name of Robaldo's wife is not known.  Robaldo [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         TEDISIO [I] Fiesco (-1128).  Conte di Lavagnam ---.  The name of Tedisio's wife is not known.  Tedisio [I] & his wife had one child:

i)          ROBALDO [II] Fiesco .  Conte di Lavagna1128.  m ---.  The name of Robaldo's wife is not known.  Robaldo [II] & his wife had one child:

(a)       TEDISIO [II] Fiesco .  Conte di Lavagna1154.  m ---.  The name of Tedisio's wife is not known.  Tedisio [II] & his wife had one child:

(1)       UGO [I] Fieschi (-1205 or after)Conte di Lavagna.  1178/1205. 

-         see below.

 

 

UGO [I] Fieschi, son of TEDISIO [II] Fieschi Conte di Lavagna & his wife --- (-1205 or after)Conte di Lavagna.  "Ugonem Comitem de Lavagna" reached agreement with the bishop of Lucca regarding "Castroveteri de Garsagnana" by charter dated 22 Nov 1179[181].  1205. 

m --- Grillo, daughter of AMICO Grillo & his wife ---. 

Ugo [I] & his wife had four children: 

1.         TEODORO Fieschi  (-before 19 Feb 1248)Conte di Lavagna

-        see below

2.         SINIBALDO Fieschi (Genoa-7 Dec 1254).  He was elected as Pope INNOCENT IV in 1243. 

3.         OPIZZONE Fieschi .  1213.  m SIMONA, daughter of ---.  Opizzone & his wife had four children: 

a)         ENRICO Fieschi .  1282.  Cardinal. 

b)         --- Fieschi .  The Diurnali of Matteo Spinelli di Giovinazzo records that "Messer Rugiero de Sanseverino" married "la sorore del conte di Fiesco"[182]m RUGGERO Sanseverino Conte di Marsico, son of TOMMASO Sanseverino Conte di Marsico and Perna & his wife --- (-[1277/86]). 

c)         ARGENTINA Fieschi .  1284.  m CORRADO Spinola Capitano di Genova, son of OBIZZO Spinola & his wife Beatrice ---. 

d)         UGOLINO Fieschi (-before 1281).  m ALASIA, daughter of ---. 

4.         [---.  m ---.]  [One child:] 

a)         [TEDISIO .  He was recorded as nepos of Pope Innocent IV, although the precise relationship is not known.]  m SIMONA, daughter of RAIMONDO della Volta & his wife ---.  Tedisio & his wife had three children: 

i)          CLARICIA (-after 9 May 1291).  "Clarisia, wife of the late Manuele Zaccaria" appointed an agent for the sale of a female slave, on behalf of "her sons Tedisio, Leonardo, Odoardo and Manfred" dated 9 May 1291[183]m (1268) as his second wife, MANUELE Zaccaria Lord of Phocea, son of FULCO Zaccaria & his [first/second] wife --- (-[1287/early 1288]). 

ii)         VITTORIA m OTTOBONO del Carretto

iii)        daughter .  m SIMONE di Carmadino

 

 

TEODORO Fieschi, son of UGO [I] Fieschi Conte di Lavagna & his wife --- Grillo (-before 19 Feb 1248)Conte di Lavagna . 

m SIMONA, daughter of ---. 

Teodoro & his wife had ten children: 

1.         UGO Fieschi (-[1275/76]).  m [BRUMISAN], daughter of ---. 

2.         ALBERTO Fieschim ARGENTINA, daughter of ---. 

3.         NICCOLO Fieschi (-[1304/10]).  Pope Innocent IV confirmed a grant to "Nicolao de Flisco Comiti Lavanić" by charter dated 17 Nov 1254[184]m LEONORA, daughter of ---.  Niccolo Fieschi & his wife had one child: 

a)         GIACOMINA Fieschi (-Ferrara Sep 1287, bur Ferrara Franciscans)The Annales S. Iustinć Patavino record the marriage in 1263 of "Azo…marchio Estensis…nepotem" and "virginem nobilissimam, natione Ianuensem de progenie…pape Innocentii"[185].  The Cronica Fratris Salimbene de Adam refers to the wife of "Opiçonem" as "papa Adrianus…propinquam"[186].  The Historia Ricobaldi Ferrariensis records that "Obizo" married "neptem cardinalis Otthoboni de Flisco Januensis…Jacominam"[187].  The Chronicon Estense records the death in Sep 1287 of "domina Jacobina de Flisco de Janua uxor…domini marchionis opizonis Estensis" in Ferrara and her burial "ad Fratres Minores"[188]m (1263) as his first wife, OBIZZO [II] d'Este, legitimated son of RINALDO I Marchese d'Este & his mistress --- ([1247]-13 Feb 1293, bur Ferrara Franciscans).  He succeeded as Marchese d'Este and Signore di Ferrara 1264.

4.         BEATRICE Fieschi (-8/9 Jul 1283).  Matthew Paris dates this marriage to 1251 and specifies that the bride (unnamed) was the niece of Pope Innocent IV who arranged her marriage with Thomas de Savoie, ex-Count of Flanders[189].  This marriage was arranged as part of the process of reconciliation between Thomas's brother, Amédée IV Comte de Savoie, and Pope Innocent IV following the death of Emperor Friedrich II in 1250[190].  Her dowry consisted of the castles of Rivoli and Viana with Vallesuessia[191].  The testament of "Beatrice Vedova del Re Berengario Conte di Provenza" dated 14 Jan 1264 makes a bequest to "…Beatrice Vedova del Conte Tomaso di Savoia…"[192].  The testament of "Adalasić relictć Alberti junioris domini de Turre Pini et de Coloniaco", dated May 1273, bequeathed property to "…domine Comitisse del Borget consanguinee mee…Thome et Amedeo de Sabaudia filiis eiusdem…"[193].  The relationship between Beatrice and the testator has not yet been traced.  The testament of "Thomas de Sabaudia primogenitus…domini Thomć de Sabaudia comitis" dated 14 May 1282 makes bequests to "…matri meć dominć B. comitissć"[194]m (1251 after Jun) as his second wife, THOMAS Conte del Piemonte, son of THOMAS I Comte de Savoie & his wife Béatrice [Marguerite] de Genčve (Château de Montmélian 1199-Chambéry 7 Feb 1259, bur Aosta Cathedral).  He succeeded his brother in 1253 as THOMAS II Comte de Savoie, regent or co-ruler with his nephew. 

5.         FEDERICO Fieschi (-1303).  Lord of Genoa.  m TEODORA, daughter of RICCARDO Spinola & his wife ---.  Federico Fieschi & his wife had one child: 

a)         ELIANA Fieschi m ([1275]) BERNABŇ Doria Signore di Sasello e Logoduro, son of BRANCALEONE Doria & his wife Catarina Zancha ([1254]-[Jun 1325]). 

6.         OTTOBUONO Fieschi (-18 Aug 1276).  He was elected as Pope ADRIAN V in 1276. 

7.         PERCEVALLE Fieschi (-1290).  The testament of "Bonifacius marchio de Carreto", dated Feb 1285, made bequests to "Percivallio de Lavania cognato meo…Aloysić de Canellis domicellć Caracossć uxoris meć…sororis prćdicti D. Percevalli…"[195]

8.         AGNESE Fieschi m OTTONE [III] del Carretto

9.         CARACOSA Fieschi (-after Feb 1285).  The testament of "Bonifacius marchio de Carreto", dated Feb 1285, made bequests to "Percivallio de Lavania cognato meo…Aloysić de Canellis domicellć Caracossć uxoris meć…sororis prćdicti D. Percevalli…"[196]m firstly BONIFAZIO Grimaldi, son of ---.  m secondly BONIFAZIO Marchese di Carretto, son of ---. 

10.      [daughter .  Matthew Paris records that Pope Innocent IV arranged the marriage of his niece to "domino de Tur de Pin" in 1251 and that he accepted his bride "non ratione personć muliebris, sed pecunić eam concomitantis"[197].  It is not certain that this refers to a second marriage of Albert [III].  The other possibility is that it refers to his son by his [first] marriage, Albert [IV].  However, it seems unlikely that the latter would have been referred to as "domino de Tur de Pin" during his father's lifetime.  The bride was presumably an otherwise unknown sister or first cousin of Beatrice Fieschi, another niece of Pope Innocent IV who arranged her marriage with Thomas Conte di Piemonte [Savoy].  m (before 4 May 1220) [as his second wife,] ALBERT [III] Sire de la Tour-du-Pin, son of ALBERT [II] Sire de la Tour-du-Pin & his wife Marie d'Auvergne (-[Apr 1259/Jun 1260]).] 

 

 

 

F.      MARCHESI di MALASPINA

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

ALBERTO detto Malaspina, son of --- (-[1141])

m firstly ADELISA [Alvisa], daughter of Marchese ALBERTO & his wife ---. 

m secondly PICENNA, daughter of ---. 

Alberto & his [first/second] wife had four children: 

1.         GUGLIELMO (-after 1167).  "Guilielmus marchio Malaspina" enfeoffed "Albertum Balbum" with the castle of Brugnatello by charter dated 19/20 Jun 1146[198]

2.         OBIZZO [I] (-after 1185).  "Dominum Opizonem Malaspina marchionem filium quondam domni Alberti marchionis…ex natione…Langobardorum" sold the castle and town of Pizzocorno to the monastery of Sant´Alberto di Butrio by charter dated 4 Oct 1158, witnessed by "Ghirardi comitis de Lavagna…"[199].  "…Opizo Malaspine…" witnessed a charter dated 6 Apr 1161 which records an agreement between Emperor Friedrich I and "Lambertum consulem" of Genoa with the Pisan legates[200].  The prior of San Marziano di Tortona enfeoffed "Opizonem marchionem filium quondam Alberti marchionis Malaspinć" with property by charter dated 13 Dec 1165[201].  The Annals of Ottobono record that the dispute between the city of Genoa and "marchionem Malaspinam et filim eius Murrielem" was settled in 1174[202]m MARIA Bianco, daughter of GUGLIELMO Bianco Signor di Vezzano & his wife ---.  Obizzo [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         MORUELLO (-after [1197/99]).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Moruellus marchio Malaspina" entered "cum Parmensibus in Valle Tarii" in 1166 and settled "juxta Turrim de Turre"[203].  The Annals of Ottobono record that the dispute between the city of Genoa and "marchionem Malaspinam et filium eius Murrielem" was settled in 1174[204].  "Muruel et Albertus et Opizo marchiones Malaspinć germani filii quondam Opizonis marchio Malaspina" donated land at Pizzocorno to the monastery of Sant´Alberto di Butrio by charter dated 30 Dec 1186[205].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Moruellum Malaspinam" captured "castrum Montis Arzoli" in 1187[206].  "Dominus Muruellus et Albertus [eius] frater marchiones Malespine" donated revenue to the church of Tortona, in the presence of "domini Gulielmi marchionis de Palodio", by charter dated 30 Aug 1194[207].  "Dominus Muruellus marchiones Malaspina" donated revenue to the church of Tortona, and confirmed donations by "frater eius Albertus et Curradus nepos", by charter dated 26 Feb 1195[208]m ---, of the Frangipani family

i)          ADELASIA Malaspina (-after 1206)m as his first wife, GUGLIELMO di Massa Judge of Cagliari, son of OBERTO di Massa Marchese di Corsica & his wife Giorgia di Cagliari (-1214). 

ii)         GUGLIELMO (-[May 1218/1219]).  The Annals of Ogerio Panis record that "Willielmus Malaspina" claimed "castrum Coruarie" in 1210 but that, when the castle was returned to the Genoese, "Willielmus et Conradus Malaspina" did not wish to make war[209].  The Annals of Ogerio Panis record that war broke out between "Wilielmus Malaspina et Conradus" and Genoa in May 1218[210]m ---.  The name of Guglielmo's wife is not known.  Guglielmo & his wife had one child: 

(a)       OPIZZINO (-[1249/after 1253]).  The Annals of Ogerio Panis record that "Conrado et Opitione marchionibus Malaspine, Ottone atque Enrico marchionibus de Carretto, Bonifatio marchione Crauexane, filio Wilielmi marchionis de Ceua" attacked Ventimiglia in 1219[211].  A charter dated 6 Oct 1223 records the return of the castle of Cella di Bobbio from the commune of Tortona to "marchiones Conradum et Opizonem Malaspinas" on condition that they swear allegiance to the bishop of Tortona[212].  Ancestor of the family dello SPINO FIORITO.  m CATERINA Cattaneo, daughter of NICCOLO Cattaneo della Volta, Patrizio di Genova & his wife ---. 

iii)        CORRADO (-after 1200).  The Annals of Ogerio Panis record that "Willielmus Malaspina" claimed "castrum Coruarie" in 1210 but that, when the castle was returned to the Genoese, "Willielmus et Conradus Malaspina" did not wish to make war [213].  The Annals of Ogerio Panis record that war broke out between "Wilielmus Malaspina et Conradus" and Genoa in May 1218[214].  The Annals of Ogerio Panis record that "Conrado et Opitione marchionibus Malaspine, Ottone atque Enrico marchionibus de Carretto, Bonifatio marchione Crauexane, filio Wilielmi marchionis de Ceua" attacked Ventimiglia in 1219[215]m URICA, from Sardinia.  Heiress of the castle of Osilo and the fiefs of Coros and Figulina.  

iv)        OPIZZINO

b)         ALBERTO MORO (-1212).  "Muruel et Albertus et Opizo marchiones Malaspinć germani filii quondam Opizonis marchio Malaspina" donated land at Pizzocorno to the monastery of Sant´Alberto di Butrio by charter dated 30 Dec 1186[216].  "Dominus Muruellus et Albertus [eius] frater marchiones Malespine" donated revenue to the church of Tortona, in the presence of "domini Gulielmi marchionis de Palodio", by charter dated 30 Aug 1194[217].  "Dominus Muruellus marchiones Malaspina" donated revenue to the church of Tortona, and confirmed donations by "frater eius Albertus et Curradus nepos", by charter dated 26 Feb 1195[218]m (before 22 Aug 1202) --- di Monferrato, daughter of GUGLIELMO V "il Vecchio" Marchese di Montferrato & his wife Judith of Austria [Babenberg]. 

i)          CARACOSA m Marchese ALBERTO [III] di Gavi, son of ALBERT [II] Marchese di Gavi & his wife --- (-[1269]). 

c)         OBIZZO [II] (-[1193]).  "Muruel et Albertus et Opizo marchiones Malaspinć germani filii quondam Opizonis marchio Malaspina" donated land at Pizzocorno to the monastery of Sant´Alberto di Butrio by charter dated 30 Dec 1186[219]m RICHELDA Frangipani, or GIORDANA .  Obizzo [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          CORRADO (-[1253/54]).  "Dominus Muruellus marchiones Malaspina" donated revenue to the church of Tortona, and confirmed donations by "frater eius Albertus et Curradus nepos", by charter dated 26 Feb 1195[220].  A charter dated 6 Oct 1223 records the return of the castle of Cella di Bobbio from the commune of Tortona to "marchiones Conradum et Opizonem Malaspinas" on condition that they swear allegiance to the bishop of Tortona[221].  Ancestor of the family dello SPINO SECCO. 

ii)         GUGLIELMO .  Benedictine monk. 

3.         son . 

4.         daughter .  m SIGIBALDO, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         FEDERIGO Malaspina (-after 1260).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Fredericum, Manfredum, et Moruellem fratres de Malaspina" entered "Campanam Florentinorum…cum Lucensibus" in 1260[222]

2.         MANFREDO Malaspina (-after 1260).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Fredericum, Manfredum, et Moruellem fratres de Malaspina" entered "Campanam Florentinorum…cum Lucensibus" in 1260[223]

3.         MORUELLO Malaspina (-after 1260).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Fredericum, Manfredum, et Moruellem fratres de Malaspina" entered "Campanam Florentinorum…cum Lucensibus" in 1260[224]

 

 

1.         FEDERIGO Malaspina di Lurizana m AGNESE di Bosco, daughter of GUGLIELMO Marchese di Bosco & his wife ---.  The Chronica Jacobi de Aquis, dated to 1334, records that "Agnes filia D. Gullielmi de Bosco de stirpe Bonifacii filii filiorum Alerami" married "D. Fredericus Malaspina de Lurizana", dated to the 13th century from the context[225]

-        MARCHESI di BOSCO (MALASPINA)

 

 

 

G.      MARCHESI di PARODI

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

ALBERTO, son of Marchese OBERTO OBIZZO [I] Conte di Luni & his [first/second] wife --- (-[1024])

m ---.  The name of Alberto's wife is not known. 

Alberto & his wife had two children: 

1.         ALBERTO detto Rufo (-before 1094).  "Albertus marchio filius quondam Alberti itemque marchionis et Jolicta comitissa jugalibus, filia Uberti comitis de comitatu Parmć" donated property to the monastery of St Venerio, for the souls of "genitore meo Alberto marchio et Ugone germano meo", by charter dated 1050, signed by "domni Alberti Rufi et Julicte comitisse jugalibus"[226].  "Albertus marchio qui dicor Ruffus filius quondam itemque Alberti marchionis, qui…ex natione mea lege vivere Longobardorum" donated property to the church of Luni, held by "pater meus et Guidonis marchionis", for the souls of "patris et fratris mei Ugone", by charter dated 1085[227]m GIUDITTA di Parma, daughter of OBERTO Conte di Parma & his wife --- (-after 1094).  "Albertus marchio filius quondam Alberti itemque marchionis et Jolicta comitissa jugalibus, filia Uberti comitis de comitatu Parmć" donated property to the monastery of St Venerio, for the souls of "genitore meo Alberto marchio et Ugone germano meo", by charter dated 1050, signed by "domni Alberti Rufi et Julicte comitisse jugalibus"[228].  "Julitta comitissa atque Obertus marchio, mater et filius" donated property to the monastery of St Venerio, for the souls of "Alberti marchionis quondam viri…", by charter dated 1094[229].  Alberto & his wife had four children: 

a)         GUGLIELMO FRANCESCO detto Francigena (-after 1139).  Marchese di Parodim ---.  The name of Guglielmo Francesco's wife is not known.  Guglielmo Francesco & his wife had one child: 

i)          ALBERTO di Massa "Zueta" (-[1148/66])Marchese di Parodim MATILDA di Monferrato, daughter of RANIERI [I] Marchese di Montferrato & his wife Gisčle Ctss Palatine de Bourgogne .  Alberto & his wife had two children: 

(a)       GUGLIELMO [Saraceno] (-before 1199).  Marchese di Parodi.  "Dominus Muruellus et Albertus [eius] frater marchiones Malespine" donated revenue to the church of Tortona, in the presence of "domini Gulielmi marchionis de Palodio", by charter dated 30 Aug 1194[230]m ---.  The name of Guglielmo's wife is not known.  Guglielmo & his wife had two children:

(1)       PALLODINO (-before 1223).  Marchese di Parodim ---.  The name of Pallodino's wife is not known.  Pallodino & his wife had one child:

a.         CORRADO (-after 1237).  Marchese di Parodi

(2)       MORUELLO (-after 1198).  Marchese di Parodim ---.  The name of Moruello's wife is not known.  Moruello & his wife had [two] children:

a.         ANDREA [Bianco] (-after 1237).  Marchese di Parodi, Massa e Corsica.  m ---.  The name of Andrea's wife is not known.  Andrea & his wife had two children:

(i)         GUGLIELMO (-after 1253).  Marchese di Massa.  

(a)       ANDREA (-after 1276).  Marchese di Massa

(ii)        ALBERTO (-after 1253).  Ancestor of ---. 

b.         [BARTOLOMEO .] 

(3)       RANIERI (-after 1171).  Marchese di Parodim ---.  The name of Ranieri's wife is not known.  Ranieri & his wife had two children:

a.         CORRADO (-after 1223).  Marchese di Parodi.  

b.         OPIZZINO (-after 1223).  Marchese di Parodi

b)         GUIDO (-after 1060).  "Wido marchio filio b. m. Alberti qui fuit itemque marchio" donated property to the monastery of St Venerio by charter dated 1051[231]Marchese

-        MARCHESI di GAVI

c)         OBERTO [Brattoporrata] (-before 1141).  "Julitta comitissa atque Obertus marchio, mater et filius" donated property to the monastery of St Venerio, for the souls of "Alberti marchionis quondam viri…", by charter dated 1094[232]

i)          ALBERTO [Corso] (-after 1150).  Marchese di Massa, Marchese di Corsica

-         MARCHESI di CORSICA

d)         UGO (-after 1124).  Conte di Corsica. 

2.         UGO (-before 1050).  "Albertus marchio filius quondam Alberti itemque marchionis et Jolicta comitissa jugalibus, filia Uberti comitis de comitatu Parmć" donated property to the monastery of St Venerio, for the souls of "genitore meo Alberto marchio et Ugone germano meo", by charter dated 1050, signed by "domni Alberti Rufi et Julicte comitisse jugalibus"[233]

 

 

 

H.      VENTIMIGLIA

 

 

1.         GUIDO (-after 1167).  Conte di Ventimiglia"Comes Vintimiliensis Guido…" witnessed the charter dated 1167 which settled the disputes between "Raimundum Fulconem et Olivarium fratrem eius" and the abbey of Lérins concerning "castro…Arlucus…et…castro…Rovoret"[234]

 

 

1.         EMMANUELE .  The Annals of Marchisio records that "comes…Willielmus Victimiliensis" attacked Genoa in 1221, ignoring the agreement made between "Manuelem fratrem suum" and the Genoese[235]

2.         GUGLIELMO (-after 1221).  Conte di VentimigliaThe Annals of Ogerio Panis record that "Conrado et Opitione marchionibus Malaspine, Ottone atque Enrico marchionibus de Carretto, Bonifatio marchione Crauexane, filio Wilielmi marchionis de Ceua" attacked Ventimiglia in 1219[236].  The Annals of Marchisio records that "comes…Willielmus Victimiliensis" attacked Genoa in 1221, ignoring the agreement made between "Manuelem fratrem suum" and the Genoese[237]

 

 

1.         ENRICO di Ventimiglia (-after Oct 1260).  Conte di Iscla.  Vicar-general of the March of Ancona.  Manfredo King of Sicily granted "castrum Belfortis situm in comitatu Camerini" to "Henricus de Vigintimiliis comes Isclć majoris, in Marcha anconitana vicarius generalis, eius consanguineus" by charter dated Oct 1260[238]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    LOMBARDIA

 

 

 

A.      LOMELLO

 

 

1.         MUSSO (-after 19 Feb 1164).  Conte di Lomello.  "Dominus Mussus comes palatinus de Lomello" invested a notary by charter dated 19 Feb 1164[239]

 

2.         GUIFREDO (-after 28 Aug 1185).  Conte di Lomello"…Valfredus comes de Lomello…" is named in a charter dated 1176 with "Mainfredus II marchio Salutiarum…"[240].  "Guifredus Laumellensis et imperialis comes" donated property to Santa Maria di Casanova, confirmed by "marchionis Mainfredi de Saluciis et de Guasto", by charter dated 28 Aug 1185[241]

 

3.         GUGLIELMO (-after 11 May 1212).  Signore di Lomello.  "Dominus Villelmus de Lomello" sold property to Manfredo II Marchese di Saluzzo by charter dated 11 May 1212[242]

 

4.         GUIFREDO (-after 14 Aug 1227).  Conte di LomelloManfredo III Marchese di Saluzzo confirmed donations to Santa Maria di Casanova by charter dated 14 Aug 1227, including the donation by "dominus Guifredus comes de Lomello…Ardictionem marchionem de Romagnano"[243]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    PIEMONTE & AOSTA

 

 

 

A.      VISCONTI di AOSTA

 

 

1.         GUGLIELMO [Bruno] (-after 3 Dec 1077).  Visconte [di Aosta].  "Adelegida…comitissa" donated property to Pinerolo, for the souls of "domni Manfredi marchionis genitoris mei et Adalrici episcopi Barbani mei et Bertć genetricis meć et…domni Odonis marchionis viri mei", by charter dated 8 Sep 1064, signed by "Petri, Amedei, Vitelmi qui Bruno vicecomes vocatur…Henrici qui vocatur Marchio…"[244].  "Witelmus qui et Bruno vicecomes et Enrici pater et filio…" witnessed the charter dated 14 May 1065 under which "Addalasia cometissa filia quondam Magifredus marchio" donated property in Santo Stefano, Canale to the church of Asti[245].  "Bruno vicecomes et Enrici pater et filio, Gisulfus qui et Alaman…" witnessed the charter dated 8 Oct 1068 under which "Adaleida cometissa filia quondam bone memorie Adelrici qui…Magiinfredi marchioni" donated the chapel of Santa Maria in Scarnafagi to San Pietro di Torino[246].  "Guilelmus qui Bruno vocatur, Vicecomes…" is named as present in a charter dated 16 Nov 1072 which records a grant by the abbot of Cavour to "Agtrudi…filić quondam Lamberti Clerici et Martino filio eius"[247].  "Immilla ducissa vocata filia condam Odlerici que Maginfredo…marchio" donated property to the church of San Pietro at Musinasco by charter dated 3 Dec 1077, signed by "Vuilielmi et Vuindoni marchionis, Amedei de loco Serra longa…Bruno vicecomes…"[248]m ---.  The name of Guglielmo´s wife is not known.  Guglielmo & his wife had one child: 

a)         ENRICO .  "Witelmus qui et Bruno vicecomes et Enrici pater et filio…" witnessed the charter dated 14 May 1065 under which "Addalasia cometissa filia quondam Magifredus marchio" donated property in Santo Stefano, Canale to the church of Asti[249].  "Bruno vicecomes et Enrici pater et filio, Gisulfus qui et Alaman…" witnessed the charter dated 8 Oct 1068 under which "Adaleida cometissa filia quondam bone memorie Adelrici qui…Magiinfredi marchioni" donated the chapel of Santa Maria in Scarnafagi to San Pietro di Torino[250]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         AIMONE [I] (-[1147/49]).  Visconte di Aosta.  "Aymo vicecomes et Boso filius eius et frater eius Anselmus" witnessed the charter dated 1147 under which Amédée III Comte de Savoie guaranteed protection of the church of Aosta[251]m ---.  The name of Aimon´s wife is not known.  Aimon [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         BOSO (-after [1191]).  "Aymo vicecomes et Boso filius eius et frater eius Anselmus" witnessed the charter dated 1147 under which Amédée III Comte de Savoie guaranteed protection of the church of Aosta[252]Visconte di Aosta.  "…B. vicecomiti" is named in a charter for the church of Aosta dated to [1150][253].  "…Boso vicecomes de Augusta civitate…" witnessed the charter of Humbert III Count of Savoy dated 5 Dec 1170[254].  "Aymericus vicecomes Tharantasiensis" acted for Thomas I Count of Savoy in a charter dated to [1191], signed by "Gontherius filius prćdicti Aymerici…Boso vicecomes Augustensis…"[255]

2.         ANSELMO (-after 1147).  "Aymo vicecomes et Boso filius eius et frater eius Anselmus" witnessed the charter dated 1147 under which Amédée III Comte de Savoie guaranteed protection of the church of Aosta[256]

 

 

1.         BOSO (-after 3 Jul 1237).  Visconte di Aosta"Boso vicecomes de Augusta" recognised the error of his ways by charter dated 3 Jul 1237, witnessed by "Vubertus et Aymo filii dicti vicecomitis"[257]m ---.  The name of Boso´s wife is not known.  Boso & his wife had two children: 

a)         VUIBERTO .  "Boso vicecomes de Augusta" recognised the error of his ways by charter dated 3 Jul 1237, witnessed by "Vubertus et Aymo filii dicti vicecomitis"[258]

b)         AIMONE .  "Boso vicecomes de Augusta" recognised the error of his ways by charter dated 3 Jul 1237, witnessed by "Vubertus et Aymo filii dicti vicecomitis"[259]

 

 

Three brothers: 

1.         GOTTOFREDO de Challant et de Fenix (-[28 Jul 1263/4 May 1265]).  Visconte di Aosta.  A charter dated 21 Feb 1242 records an agreement between Amédée IV Comte de Savoie and "Gottofredo de Challant et de Fenix vicecomite Vallis Augustanć, fratribusque eorum Aimonio ac Bosonino" relating to "castri Bardensis"[260].  "Gottofredus vicecomes Augustensis et fratres sui Aymo et Boso" confirmed that they held "vice comitatum, vice dompnatum et mistraliam" (describing their properties) in fief from Amédée IV Comte de Savoie by charter dated 19 Dec 1242[261]

-        SEIGNEURS de CHALLANT[262]

2.         AIMONE (-after 19 Dec 1242).  A charter dated 21 Feb 1242 records an agreement between Amédée IV Comte de Savoie and "Gottofredo de Challant et de Fenix vicecomite Vallis Augustanć, fratribusque eorum Aimonio ac Bosonino" relating to "castri Bardensis"[263].  "Gottofredus vicecomes Augustensis et fratres sui Aymo et Boso" confirmed that they held "vice comitatum, vice dompnatum et mistraliam" (describing their properties) in fief from Amédée IV Comte de Savoie by charter dated 19 Dec 1242[264]

3.         BOSO (-after 19 Dec 1242).  A charter dated 21 Feb 1242 records an agreement between Amédée IV Comte de Savoie and "Gottofredo de Challant et de Fenix vicecomite Vallis Augustanć, fratribusque eorum Aimonio ac Bosonino" relating to "castri Bardensis"[265].  "Gottofredus vicecomes Augustensis et fratres sui Aymo et Boso" confirmed that they held "vice comitatum, vice dompnatum et mistraliam" (describing their properties) in fief from Amédée IV Comte de Savoie by charter dated 19 Dec 1242[266]

-        SIRES de CLY[267]

 

 

 

B.      VISCONTI di BARATONIA

 

 

1.         ENRICOVisconte di Baratonia.  "Thomas comes Savoie et marchio Italie" confirmed the donations to Monte Benedetto made by "vicecomes Baratonić et Palmerius de Regiano" by charter dated 18 Jun 1200[268]m ---.  The name of Enrico´s wife is not known.  Enrico & his wife had four children: 

a)         MANFREDO .  "Manfredus, Valfredus, Ardicio et Villelmus filii quondam domini Henrici vicecomitis de Baratonia" confirmed the donations to Monte Benedetto made by their father by charter dated 16 Jun 1219, witnessed by "dominus Guillelmus de Belfort, dominus Villelmus de Ripalta…"[269]

b)         VALFREDO .  "Manfredus, Valfredus, Ardicio et Villelmus filii quondam domini Henrici vicecomitis de Baratonia" confirmed the donations to Monte Benedetto made by their father by charter dated 16 Jun 1219, witnessed by "dominus Guillelmus de Belfort, dominus Villelmus de Ripalta…"[270]

c)         ARDISIO .  "Manfredus, Valfredus, Ardicio et Villelmus filii quondam domini Henrici vicecomitis de Baratonia" confirmed the donations to Monte Benedetto made by their father by charter dated 16 Jun 1219, witnessed by "dominus Guillelmus de Belfort, dominus Villelmus de Ripalta…"[271]

d)         GUGLIELMO .  "Manfredus, Valfredus, Ardicio et Villelmus filii quondam domini Henrici vicecomitis de Baratonia" confirmed the donations to Monte Benedetto made by their father by charter dated 16 Jun 1219, witnessed by "dominus Guillelmus de Belfort, dominus Villelmus de Ripalta…"[272]

 

 

 

C.      CONTI di BIANDRATE

 

 

A charter dated 5 Feb 1093, under which "Albertus et Guido Blandradenses comites" reached agreement with "militibus habitantibus in Blandrato", records possessions of the comital family in the diocese of Novara and the valley of Sesia[273].  Pietro Azario´s De Bello Canepiciano lists "Sanctus Zorzius, Oirum Castrum, Caluxenum, Sanctus Belegnus, Ulpianum cum Castro, Brandicium Castrum, Burgus Sancti Georgii, Cucilium Castrum, Foglicium Castrum, Olzogna Castrum, Montalengum Castrum" as the properties of "comitum Blandrate", dated to the mid-14th century[274]

 

 

GUIDO, son of GUIBERTO Conte [di Pombia] & his wife --- (-1083 or before).  Conte di Pombia before 1070.  Conte di Biandrate 1070.  1083. 

m ---. 

Guido & his wife had [three children]: 

1.         [ALBERTO (-before 1119).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   The affiliation appears to be suggested only by the charter dated 11 Jan 1087 under which [Alberto´s brother] "Widonis comitis" made donations to Cluny by charter dated 11 Jan 1087 confirmed by "Ubertus, Albertus, Lanfrancus, Obozo comites germani filii quondam Ottonis item comitis"[275].  It has been supposed that the last four named persons were the donor´s first cousins.  Conte di Biandrate.  "Albertus et Guido Blandradenses comites" reached agreement with "militibus habitantibus in Blandrato" by charter dated 5 Feb 1093[276].  Albert of Aix names "Albertus comes…de Blandraz, Wido frater ipsius miles…Hugo de Montbeel, Otto filius sororis prćdicti Alberti cognomine Altaspata, Wibertus comes civitatis Parmć" as of the leaders of the Lombard contingent which left for Palestine in Sep 1100 as the second wave of the First Crusade in Sep, dated to 1100[277].  After the combined armies left Constantinople in May 1101, they captured Ankara from the Seljuk Turks 23 Jun 1101 but were scattered after their defeat by the Turks at Mersivan[278].  Albert of Aix records "…Albertus de Blandraz…Otto cognomine Altaspata…" among those who spent Easter in Jerusalem with Baudouin I King of Jerusalem, dated to 1102 from the context[279].  Adviser to Emperor Heinrich V.  "Albertus comes de Blendriaco" signed as one of the lay witnesses who swore for Heinrich V King of Germany at the time of his coronation as emperor in 1111[280].]  m ---.  The name of Alberto's wife is not known.  An anonymous poem records that "comitissa" showed courage in leading vassals from Novara to help the Milanese in their war against the people of Como[281].  Alberto &  his wife had one child: 

a)         GUIDO (-after 26 Aug 1172).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Conte di Biandrate

-        see below

2.         [GUIDO (-after Sep 1100).  "Wido comes filius quondam item Widonis comitis" made a donation to Cluny dated 6 Mar 1083[282].  "Widonis comitis" made donations to Cluny by charter dated 11 Jan 1087 confirmed by "Ubertus, Albertus, Lanfrancus, Obozo comites germani filii quondam Ottonis item comitis"[283], presumably his first cousins.  Conte di Biandrate.  "Albertus et Guido Blandradenses comites" reached agreement with "militibus habitantibus in Blandrato" by charter dated 5 Feb 1093[284].  Albert of Aix names "Albertus comes…de Blandraz, Wido frater ipsius miles…Hugo de Montbeel, Otto filius sororis prćdicti Alberti cognomine Altaspata, Wibertus comes civitatis Parmć" as of the leaders of the Lombard contingent which left for Palestine in Sep 1100 as the second wave of the First Crusade in Sep, dated to 1100[285].] 

3.         [daughter .]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         ODDONE "Altaspada" (-killed in battle Jaffa Sep 1104).  Albert of Aix names "Albertus comes…de Blandraz, Wido frater ipsius miles…Hugo de Montbeel, Otto filius sororis prćdicti Alberti cognomine Altaspata, Wibertus comes civitatis Parmć" as of the leaders of the Lombard contingent which left for Palestine in Sep 1100 as the second wave of the First Crusade in Sep, dated to 1100[286].  Albert of Aix records "…Albertus de Blandraz…Otto cognomine Altaspata…" among those who spent Easter in Jerusalem with Baudouin I King of Jerusalem, dated to 1102 from the context[287].  Albert of Aix records a campaign at Jaffa in Sep, dated to 1104 from the context, in which "Otto…Altaspata filius sororis Alberti de Blandraz miles et tiro" was killed[288]

 

 

GUIDO di Biandrate, son of ALBERTO Conte di Biandrate & his wife --- (-after 26 Aug 1172).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Conte di Biandrate.  Citizen of Milan.  Imperial adviser and proxy 1136/62.  "Vuido comes Blandratensis" reached agreement with the canons of Santo Gaudenzio di Novara concerning property by charter dated 13 Feb 1140[289].  A charter dated 13 --- 1161 records the settlement of a dispute between the bishop of Asti and "Guidonem comitem de Blandrato"[290].  

m ISABELLA di Monferrato, daughter of RANIERI III Marchese di Monferrato & his wife Gisčle de Bourgogne-Comté.  William of Tyre names "Guido comes de Blandrada qui prćdicti marchionis [Guglielmo V] sororem habebat uxorem" when recording his presence with Konrad III King of Germany in Palestine in 1148[291].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. 

Guido & his wife had two children: 

1.         ODDONE (-after 8 Apr 1190).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Conte di Biandrate.  "Otonem comitem de Blandrato" swore allegiance to the commune of Vercelli by charter dated 9 Oct 1170[292].  "Dominus Otto comes de Blandrato" agreed with the consuls of Vercelli not to disturb the commune of Arborio by charter dated 15 Jul 1182[293].  A charter dated 8 Apr 1190 records an agreement between the consuls of Vercelli and "domini di Bornato", naming "dominum Ottonem comitem de Blandrato"[294]m ---.  The name of Oddone's wife is not known.  Oddone & his wife had [three children]: 

a)         [UBERTO [I] (-before 7 Jul 1202).  Although confirmed as the brother of Ranieri by the charter dated 1192 which is quoted below, the primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   The charter dated 6 Jun 1220, which names his supposed son Oddone first of the three conti di Biandrate, suggests that Uberto was the oldest son of Conte Oddone.  Conte di Biandrate.  "Dominus comes Albertus de Blandrato et eius filii" confirmed a peace agreement with the consuls of Ivrea by charter dated 1 Dec 1192[295].  "Ubertus comes de Biandra, Mainfredus marchio de Busca, Vilielmus marchio de Bosco…" witnessed a charter dated 11 Feb 1197 under which "Mainfredus II marchio Salutiarum" decided a dispute between Bonifazio Marchese di Monferrato and the consuls of Asti[296].]  m ---.  The name of Uberto´s wife is not known.  Uberto [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          UBERTO [II] (-after 1209).  "Dominus Ubertus comes filius condam domini Uberti comitis de Blandrato" donated property to the monastery of Santa Maria di Casanova by charter dated 7 Jul 1202[297].  He was appointed regent in Thessaloniki during the minority of Demetrio di Monferrato King of Thessaloniki.  He refused to swear allegiance to Henri I Latin Emperor of Constantinople and, in the name of King Demetrio, claimed all of mainland Greece.  The emperor invaded Thessaloniki to suppress the revolt, captured Uberto and imprisoned him in the castle of Serres under the guard of Bernhard Graf von Katzenelnbogen.  After his release, Uberto went to Eubśa where he plotted to assassinate the emperor, and later returned to Italy[298]

ii)         [ODDONE (-after 6 Jun 1220).  Conte di Biandrate.  A charter dated 6 Jun 1220 recording an agreement between the commune of Vercelli and "dominus Otto et dominus Conradus Blandratenses comites…ac nomine domini Gocy Blandratensis comitis", referring to "comes Otto in vita sua"[299].  This document does not specify the parentage of the three conti di Biandrate who are named.  However, "dominus Conradus" can most likely be identified as the son of Conte Ranieri who is named below.  Because "dominus Otto" is named before Corrado in the document, he was probably senior.  However, the charter dated 1 Sep 1209 which is quoted below names Corrado as first of the three sons of Ranieri.  "Dominus Otto" must presumably therefore have been the son of an older brother of Ranieri.  As the document also names "domini Gocy", presumably identified as Conte Gottofredo, it is likely that "dominus Otto" was the son of Uberto, who must therefore have been the oldest brother.] 

iii)        [GOTTOFREDO [II] (-after Jun 1221).  Conte di Romagna: Emperor Friedrich II granted "comitatum Romandiole" to "Gottefredus comes de Blandrato" by charter dated Jun 1221[300].  Gingins-la-Sarraz records that this Gottofredo was one of the three sons of Uberto, citing only the charter dated Jun 1221 just quoted[301].  The document in question includes no indication of the parentage of the grantee, or whether he was the person referred to in the present document as Gottofredo [I] or Gottofredo [II].] 

b)         [RANIERI (-[1192/Sep 1197]). The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Conte di Biandrate.  "Dom comes Rainerius de Blandrato…atque fratrem suum dominum Obertum comitem de Blandrato et filios domini Oberti" swore to observe the peace agreement with the consuls of Ivrea, naming in a later passage "fratrem suum D. Gotium comitem de Blandrato et filios domini Oberti", by charter dated 1192[302].  His death is dated by the charter dated 1 Sep 1209, quoted below, which records that Emperor Heinrich VI (died Sep 1197) had granted land to Ranieri´s sons, presumably after Ranieri himself had died.]  m ---.  The name of Ranieri´s wife is not known.  Ranieri & his wife had children: 

i)          CORRADO .  Emperor Otto IV granted "terre quondam Henrici marchionis…in Niscia", held by "idem Rainerius", to "Conradi, Vidonis, Obizonis filiorum quondam comitis Rainerii de Blandrato" by charter dated 1 Sep 1209, which also confirmed a grant of land "in civitate Yporegie et in episcopatu et comitatu cum castro et palacio" by "predessori nostro imperatori Henrico" to "memoratis fratribus…Conrado, Vidoni et Obezoni"[303]Conte di Biandrate.  A charter dated 6 Jun 1220 recording an agreement between the commune of Vercelli and "dominus Otto et dominus Conradus Blandratenses comites…ac nomine domini Gocy Blandratensis comitis", referring to "comes Otto in vita sua"[304]

ii)         GUIDO .  Emperor Otto IV granted "terre quondam Henrici marchionis…in Niscia", held by "idem Rainerius", to "Conradi, Vidonis, Obizonis filiorum quondam comitis Rainerii de Blandrato" by charter dated 1 Sep 1209[305]

iii)        OBIZO .  Emperor Otto IV granted "terre quondam Henrici marchionis…in Niscia", held by "idem Rainerius", to "Conradi, Vidonis, Obizonis filiorum quondam comitis Rainerii de Blandrato" by charter dated 1 Sep 1209[306]

c)         [GOTTOFREDO [I] (-before 1237).  "Dom comes Rainerius de Blandrato…atque fratrem suum dominum Obertum comitem de Blandrato et filios domini Oberti" swore to observe the peace agreement with the consuls of Ivrea, naming in a later passage "fratrem suum D. Gotium comitem de Blandrato et filios domini Oberti", by charter dated 1192[307]Conte di Biandrate.  "Dom. Gozzoicus comes de Biandra" invested "Petri de Flama" with the castle of Rocca au Val-Sésia by charter dated 16 May 1204[308].  "Dominus Gotefredus comes Blandrati" donated property to Staffarda by charter dated 29 Apr 1215[309].  A charter dated 6 Jun 1220 recording an agreement between the commune of Vercelli and "dominus Otto et dominus Conradus Blandratenses comites…ac nomine domini Gocy Blandratensis comitis", referring to "comes Otto in vita sua"[310].  "Le comte Gozzius…avec ses neveux fils du comte Ubert" renounced his rights over "la ville de Quiers" by charter dated 1224[311].  The date of death is set by a roll dated 1237 of fees due to "heredibus quondam comitis Gozcii"[312].]  m ---.  The name of Gottofredo's wife is not known.  Gottofredo [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          PIETRO (-after 1229).  "D. Gotofredus comes de Blandrata et D. Petrus eius filius" renewed an alliance of lords in Ivrea by charter dated 1229[313].  Ancestor of the family of Biandrate di San Giorgio in Canavese[314]

ii)         GOTTOFREDO [III] (-before 13 Jul 1270).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Conte di Biandrate.   

-         see below

2.         GUIDO (-after [1159]).  The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising names "Gwidonem nobilem iuvenem, filium comitis Gwidonis Bianderatensis", when recording that he had been ordained at Rome and was proposed as replacement for Anselm as Archbishop of Ravenna [in 1159] but rejected by Pope Hadrian[315]

 

 

GOTTOFREDO [III] di Biandrate, son of GOTTOFREDO [I] Conte di Biandrate & his wife --- (-before 13 Jul 1270).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Conte di Biandrate.  The heirs of "Thomć quondam vicedomini Sedunensi" ceded their rights to "domino Jocelino vicedomino Sedunensi et Gothofredo Comiti di Biandrate" by charter dated 20 Nov 1249[316].  The community of Novara transferred its rights in le Val-Sésia to "viri nobiles R. et Go. comites de Biandrato" by charter dated 2 Feb 1258[317]

m ALDISIA di Castello, daughter of PIETRO di Castello & his wife --- .  "Aldixia uxor quondam domini Godofredi de Biandrate et filia quondam domini Perronerii de Castello" and "dominus Jocelinus filius eiusdem dominć Aldixić" swore an obligation to "Stephano de Saxo, de Narres" by charter dated 13 Jul 1270[318]

Gottofredo & his wife had three children: 

1.         GUGLIELMO (-before 22 Nov 1288).  "Aldis majorissa de Vesbiâ" with the consent of "Willelmi et Jocelini filiorum meorum" made an agreement relating to her dower by charter dated 28 Apr 1272[319].  1272/88.  Conte di Biandratem ---.  The name of Guglielmo's wife is not known.  Guglielmo & his wife had [three or more] children: 

a)         GIOVANNI (-after 1 Jun 1291).  "Jocelinus de Vespia filius quondam domini Gotofredi de Blandrata et Johannis filii quondam Willelmi fratris dicti Joncelini nepotis sui" claimed the lordship of the Simplon valley from the bishop of Sion by charter dated 1 Jun 1291[320]

b)         other child or children.  The charter dated 22 Nov 1288 under which "Dominum comitem Jocelinum filium quondam domini Gottofredi comitis de Blandrate" swore allegiance to the bishop of Novara and refers to "nepotum suorum filiorum quondam domini Guillelmi fratris sui" proves that Guglielmo had more than one child[321]

c)         [PIETRO (-after 26 Mar 1311).  "Petro de Vespia canonico ecclesić Valesić sedun. [Sion]" is named in a charter of the archbishop of Tarantasia dated 26 Mar 1311[322].  This could not refer to Pietro, son of Joscelino, who as is seen below was married.  It is possible that Pietro was another son of Guglielmo.] 

2.         JOSCELINO (-after 21 Nov 1307).  "Aldis majorissa de Vesbiâ" with the consent of "Willelmi et Jocelini filiorum meorum" made an agreement relating to her dower by charter dated 28 Apr 1272[323].  Vidomne de Conches.  Conte di Biandrate.  "Dominum comitem Jocelinum filium quondam domini Gottofredi comitis de Blandrate" swore allegiance to the bishop of Novara by charter dated 22 Nov 1288, which also refers to "nepotum suorum filiorum quondam domini Guillelmi fratris sui"[324].  "Jocelinus de Vespia filius quondam domini Gotofredi de Blandrata et Johannis filii quondam Willelmi fratris dicti Joncelini nepotis sui" claimed the lordship of the Simplon valley from the bishop of Sion by charter dated 1 Jun 1291[325].  "Jocelinus Major de Vespia, Petrus filius suus, Johannes de Vespia domicellus…" witnessed a charter dated 21 Nov 1307[326]m MATILDA d’Aosta heiress of the Vidomnat of Naters, daughter of PIETRO d´Aosta & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Joscelino & his wife had three children: 

a)         PIETRO (-before 23 Aug 1315).  "Jocelinus Major de Vespia, Petrus filius suus, Johannes de Vespia domicellus…" witnessed a charter dated 21 Nov 1307[327]m ALICIA, daughter of ---.  "Domini Thomć cantoris ecclesić sedunensis" granted the lordship of Vičge to "nobili viro Antonio comiti de Narres nepoti suo" by charter dated 23 Aug 1315 which also names "nobili dominć Alysić relictć Petri Comitis fratris sui"[328]

b)         GIOVANNI (-1315).  "Jocelinus Major de Vespia, Petrus filius suus, Johannes de Vespia domicellus…" witnessed a charter dated 21 Nov 1307[329]Conte di Biandratem ---.  Giovanni & his wife had one child: 

i)          ANTONIO [I] (-1331).  "Domini Thomć cantoris ecclesić sedunensis" granted the lordship of Vičge to "nobili viro Antonio comiti de Narres nepoti suo" by charter dated 23 Aug 1315[330]Conte di Biandrate.  "Anthonius comes de Blandrato et vicedominus de a Monte Dei superius" issued an obligation to "Thomć cantori Eccles. sedun. patruo suo" by charter dated 26 Aug 1317[331].  "Anthonius, filius quondam Johannis Comitis de Narres, miles" assigned rights to a chapel at Sion by charter dated 11 Jun 1325 which names "viro domino Thomć Cantori Ecclesić sedun."[332]m as her first husband, ISABELLE de la Tour-Châtillon, daughter of JEAN de la Tour Sire de Châtillon & his first wife Elisabeth de Wśdiswyl (-murdered 4/5 Dec 1365).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  She married secondly François de Compey.  A charter dated 27 Oct 1368 records the judgment issued by Amédée VI Comte de Savoie in a dispute between the bishop of Sion and "dnos Anthonium et Iohannem de Turre milites, Petrum eorum fratrem", and records the burial of "dne Isabelle comitisse de Blandras et dni Anthonii eius filii"[333].  Antonio [I] & his wife had two children: 

(a)       RODOLFO (-after 1338).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Conte di Biandrate

(b)       ANTONIO [II] (-1365).  A charter dated 27 Oct 1368 records the judgment issued by Amédée VI Comte de Savoie in a dispute between the bishop of Sion and "dnos Anthonium et Iohannem de Turre milites, Petrum eorum fratrem", and records the burial of "dne Isabelle comitisse de Blandras et dni Anthonii eius filii"[334]Conte di Biandratem ---.  Antonio & his wife had one child: 

(1)       son (-1376).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Conte di Biandrate

c)         TOMASO (-[3 Sep 1337/1339]).  The bishop of Sion granted absolution to "dominus Thomas cantor ecclesić sedun." by charter dated 23 Jul 1313[335].  "Domini Thomć cantoris ecclesić sedunensis" granted the lordship of Vičge to "nobili viro Antonio comiti de Narres nepoti suo" by charter dated 23 Aug 1315 which also names "nobili dominć Alysić relictć Petri Comitis fratris sui"[336].  "Domini Thomć Cantori ecclesić Sedunensis" issued a charter dated 11 Aug 1331 relating to the lordship of Vičge which names "Petro fratri suo…quondam Jocelinus Comes de Biandra pater noster"[337].  The testament of "dominus Thomas, Cantor eccl. sedun. filius quondam Joecelini de Vespia comitis de Blandrate" dated 3 Sep 1337 bequeaths property (among other bequests) to "Anthonie filiolć suć…[et] Eligić filić dictć Anthonić"[338], although there is no indication of any blood relationship with the testator. 

3.         PIETRO (-before 28 Apr 1272).  The charter dated 1 Jun 1291 under which "Jocelinus de Vespia filius quondam domini Gotofredi de Blandrata et Johannis filii quondam Willelmi fratris dicti Joncelini nepotis sui" claimed the lordship of the Simplon valley from the bishop of Sion refers to the donation by "Perronerio de Castello" (who was the maternal grandfather of Joscelino) to "quondam Willelmo et quondam Peterlino fratribus dicti Joncelini"[339].  Pietro presumably died before 28 Apr 1272, the date of the charter in which "Aldis majorissa de Vesbiâ" names "Willelmi et Jocelini filiorum meorum"[340]

 

 

 

D.      MARCHESI di ROMAGNANO

 

 

WIDO, son of ARDOINO Marchese & his wife --- (-before 1040).  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed the property of "Bosoni seu Widonis fratribus, Arduini marchionis filiis" by an undated charter, grouped in the compilation with charters dated 1026[341]Marchese at the castle of Susa [1026]. 

m ---.  The name of Wido's wife has not yet been identified. 

Wido & his wife had one child: 

1.         ODALRICO (-after 20 Oct 1040).  Marchese di Romagnano.  "Oldericus marchio filius b. m. Widonis marchionis, et Julita comitissa uxor eius" donated property to "monasterii S. Silani…juxta flumen Sicidć in loco Romagnano", with the consent of "Ottone marchione et comite Montisferratensi", by charter dated 20 Oct 1040[342]m GIULITTA, daughter of Conte GUIDO & his wife --- (-after 20 Oct 1040).  "Oldericus marchio filius b. m. Widonis marchionis, et Julita comitissa uxor eius" donated property to "monasterii S. Silani…juxta flumen Sicidć in loco Romagnano", with the consent of "Ottone marchione et comite Montisferratensi", by charter dated 20 Oct 1040[343].  Odalrico & his wife had one child: 

a)         BEATRICE (-after 29 Aug 1065).  "Adelbertus prepoxitus sancte Tertonensis ecclesie et Wido marhio iermani filii bone memorie Oberti itemque marhio seu Beatrice filia Olrici et relicta quondam item Oberti iermano prefatorum Adelberti prepoxitus et Widoni…ex nacione nostra lege…Salicha" donated property at Tramontana to the monastery of Santo Siro by charter dated 29 Aug 1065[344]m OBERTO Conte di Vado, Marchese, son of OBERTO I Marchese di Vado [Saluzzo/Liguria Occidentale] & his wife --- (-[1061/65]). 

 

 

2.         WIDOMarchese di Romagnano 1082.  Maybe ancestor of the Marchesi di ROMAGNANO di VIRLE e di POLLENZO[345]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         OLIVERO .  "Ardicio Romaniani marchio" confirmed the donations to the monastery of Staffarda by "dominus Oliuerius marchioni et dominus Maynfredus eius frater Romaniani marchio et dominus Wido eorum consanguineo" by charter dated Jun 1156[346]

2.         MANFREDOMarchese di Romagnano.  "Ardicio Romaniani marchio" confirmed the donations to the monastery of Staffarda by "dominus Oliuerius marchioni et dominus Maynfredus eius frater Romaniani marchio et dominus Wido eorum consanguineo" by charter dated Jun 1156[347]

 

 

1.         GUIDO .  "Ardicio Romaniani marchio" confirmed the donations to the monastery of Staffarda by "dominus Oliuerius marchioni et dominus Maynfredus eius frater Romaniani marchio et dominus Wido eorum consanguineo" by charter dated Jun 1156[348]

 

2.         ARDIZZONE (-after Jun 1156).  Marchese di Romagnano.  "Ardicio Romaniani marchio" confirmed the donations to the monastery of Staffarda by "dominus Oliuerius marchioni et dominus Maynfredus eius frater Romaniani marchio et dominus Wido eorum consanguineo" by charter dated Jun 1156[349]

 

3.         UBERTO (-after 1194).  Marchese di Romagnano.  A charter dated 1194 records a dispute between "Mainfredum marchionem de Saluciis" and "Ubertum marchionem de Romaignano" relating to "feudo Carmaignole", witnessed by "Jacobus marchio de Romaignano…"[350]

 

4.         GIACOPO (-after 1194).  Marchese di Romagnano.  A charter dated 1194 records a dispute between "Mainfredum marchionem de Saluciis" and "Ubertum marchionem de Romaignano" relating to "feudo Carmaignole", witnessed by "Jacobus marchio de Romaignano…"[351]m ---.  The name of Giacopo´s wife is not known.  Giacopo & his wife had two children: 

a)         BERENGARIO (-after 24 Jan 1229).  A charter dated 22 Oct 1220 records the arbitral settlement of a dispute between the abbot of Susa and "dominos de Romagnano…domini Oliverii et domini Frederici et domini Belengerii et domini Petris marchis"[352].  An charter dated 24 Jan 1229 records an agreement between "marchiones de Romagnano…Thomam et Petrum filium condam Guillelmi marchionis et Petrum filium condam Guidonis et Guidonem…comes de Brina et fratrem eius Philipum et dominum Belengerium et fratrem eius Arducionem condam filios domini Jacobi" and the city of Turin[353]

b)         ARDUCIO (-after 24 Jan 1229).  Manfredo III Marchese di Saluzzo confirmed donations to Santa Maria di Casanova by charter dated 14 Aug 1227, including the donation by "dominus Guifredus comes de Lomello…Ardictionem marchionem de Romagnano"[354].  An charter dated 24 Jan 1229 records an agreement between "marchiones de Romagnano…Thomam et Petrum filium condam Guillelmi marchionis et Petrum filium condam Guidonis et Guidonem…comes de Brina et fratrem eius Philipum et dominum Belengerium et fratrem eius Arducionem condam filios domini Jacobi" and the city of Turin[355]

 

5.         GUIDO (-[7 May 1203/24 Jan 1229]).  Marchese di Romagnano.  "Mainfredum marchionum Saluciarum" and "Uidonem et Guillelmum marchiones Romagnani et Oliverium fratrem predicti Guillelmi" agreed peace by charter dated 7 May 1203[356]m ---.  The name of Guido´s wife is not known.  Guido & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIETROMarchese di Romagnano.  An charter dated 24 Jan 1229 records an agreement between "marchiones de Romagnano…Thomam et Petrum filium condam Guillelmi marchionis et Petrum filium condam Guidonis et Guidonem…comes de Brina et fratrem eius Philipum et dominum Belengerium et fratrem eius Arducionem condam filios domini Jacobi" and the city of Turin[357]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         GUGLIELMO (-[7 May 1203/22 Oct 1220]).  Marchese di Romagnano.  "Mainfredum marchionum Saluciarum" and "Uidonem et Guillelmum marchiones Romagnani et Oliverium fratrem predicti Guillelmi" agreed peace by charter dated 7 May 1203[358]m ---.  The name of Guglielmo´s wife is not known.  Guglielmo & his wife had two children: 

a)         TOMASOMarchese di Romagnano.  An charter dated 24 Jan 1229 records an agreement between "marchiones de Romagnano…Thomam et Petrum filium condam Guillelmi marchionis et Petrum filium condam Guidonis et Guidonem…comes de Brina et fratrem eius Philipum et dominum Belengerium et fratrem eius Arducionem condam filios domini Jacobi" and the city of Turin[359]

b)         PIETRO (-before 13 Jan 1252).  Marchese di Romagnano.  A charter dated 22 Oct 1220 records the arbitral settlement of a dispute between the abbot of Susa and "dominos de Romagnano…domini Oliverii et domini Frederici et domini Belengerii et domini Petris marchis"[360].  An charter dated 24 Jan 1229 records an agreement between "marchiones de Romagnano…Thomam et Petrum filium condam Guillelmi marchionis et Petrum filium condam Guidonis et Guidonem…comes de Brina et fratrem eius Philipum et dominum Belengerium et fratrem eius Arducionem condam filios domini Jacobi" and the city of Turin[361]m ---.  The name of Guido´s wife is not known.  Guido & his wife had one child: 

i)          MANFREDO (-after 13 Jan 1252).  Marchese di Romagnano.  "Manfredus dictus de Romanhan filius Petri dicti Marchionis" swore allegiance to Thomas II Comte de Savoie by charter dated 13 Jan 1252[362]

2.         OLIVERO (-after 22 Oct 1220).  "Mainfredum marchionum Saluciarum" and "Uidonem et Guillelmum marchiones Romagnani et Oliverium fratrem predicti Guillelmi" agreed peace by charter dated 7 May 1203[363].  A charter dated 22 Oct 1220 records the arbitral settlement of a dispute between the abbot of Susa and "dominos de Romagnano…domini Oliverii et domini Frederici et domini Belengerii et domini Petris marchis"[364]

 

 

1.         FEDERIGO (-after 22 Oct 1220).  A charter dated 22 Oct 1220 records the arbitral settlement of a dispute between the abbot of Susa and "dominos de Romagnano…domini Oliverii et domini Frederici et domini Belengerii et domini Petris marchis"[365]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    SARDINIA & CORSICA

 

 

From the 11th to late 13th centuries, Sardinia was divided into four territories, Arborea, Cagliari, Gallura and Torres, whose hereditary rulers are generally recorded in contemporary sources with the title “judge”.  The precise start of this system of government cannot be dated, although the earliest reference to a judge of Cagliari is recorded in 1002.  Throughout this period, the island was the object of Genoese and Pisan commercial ambitions: numerous short-lived alliances between both groups and different Sardinian rulers are recorded in charters.  After the extinction in the male line of the four ruling Sardinian families during the course of the 12th and 13th centuries, rights to the judgeships fragmented between heirs through the female line.  Enzio, illegitimate son of Emperor Friedrich II, acquired part of the judgeship of Torres through his first wife and his father installed him briefly as king of Sardinia.  The absence of central control enabled the Genoese to gain the upper hand, while the Pope acquired the interests of certain heirs.  The island became the object of Aragonese/Catalonian ambitions and in 1297 Pope Boniface VIII granted the kingdom of Sardinia to Jaime II King of Aragon under papal suzerainty in return for armed assistance in Italy[366].  The details of the genealogies of the families of the judges of Sardinia are sparse, with many gaps.  Some information has only been confirmed in Fara´s De Rebus Sardois, which was written in 1579[367].  Unfortunately Fara cites few primary sources in support of his statements, some of which are contradicted by charter evidence.  Selected extracts only from Fara´s work have been included in the narrative of this chapter where indicated. 

 

 

A.      MARCHESI di CORSICA

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

ALBERTO [Corso], son of OBERTO [di Luna] & his wife --- (-after 1150).  Marchese di Massa, Marchese di Corsica

m as her second husband, CALCERANA di Curte, widow of VERNACCIO Signore di Piombino, daughter of LAMBERTO di Curte & his wife --- (-after 1150). 

Alberto & his wife had two children: 

1.         OBERTO di Massa (-1155).  Marchese di Massa, Marchese di Corsicam ---.  The name of Oberto´s wife is not known.  Oberto & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUGLIELMO di Massa (-1214).  Marchese di Massa, Marchese di Corsica.  Judge of Cagliari, Judge of Arborea. 

-        JUDGES of CAGLIARI

b)         daughter

2.         GUGLIELMO di Massa (-after 1202).  Marchese di Massa.  m ---.  The name of Guglielmo's wife is not known.  Guglielmo & his wife had one child:

a)         GUIDO di Massa (-after 1202).  Marchese di Massa. 

 

 

 

B.      JUDGES of CAGLIARI (SARDINIA)

 

 

1.         UGO (-after 6 Mar 1021).  Marchese di Massa.  “Ugonus...marchio Masse domino de Corsica et judex Calaritanus” donated property to the monastery of S. Mamiliano on the island of Monte Cristo by charter dated 3 Apr 1002[368].  “Ugonus...marchio et domino de Corsica et judex Calaritanus” donated property to the the church of S. Maria di Canovaria, dependent on the monastery of S. Mamiliano on the island of Monte Cristo, by charter dated 6 Mar 1021[369]

 

2.         GUGLIELMO (-after 24 Feb 1019).  “Dominus Guglielmus marchio et dominus in Corsica judex Calaritanus” donated property to the monastery of S. Mamiliano on the island of Monte Cristo by charter dated 24 Feb 1019[370]

 

 

1.         TORCHITORIO [I] [Arzo/Orroco] (-before 12 Jun 1089).  [Judge] of Cagliari.  Fara records that Leo Cardinal of Ostia installed “duos reges Sardinić...Barisonem et Torquitorium...unum Logudorii, alterum Caralis regem” during the reign of Pope Alexander II in [1060][371].  The dating clause of a charter dated 5 May 1066, under which “Constantinus Diaconus dictus nomine de Castra...filios meos Tirchi et Mariane et fratres meos domnizellu Petro et domnizellus Comita et zio meo Zerchis Deravo et Constantinus de Orrobulo Salvaptore” donated property to Monte Cassino, records “regnante domnu nostro Torkitori rex Sardignić de loco Call....cum uxor sua domina Veri et filio eius dompno Constantino...octavo anno regno eius[372].  “Judigi Trogodori de Ugunali cum mulieri mia Donna Vera et cum filiu miu Donnu Constantini” donated property to the archbishop of Cagliari by undated charter[373].  Pope Gregory VII wrote to “Mariano Turrensi, Orroco Arborensi, Orroco Caralitano et Constantino Gallurensi iudicibus Sardinić” dated 14 Oct 1073[374].  "Judici Calaritano Orzocco" is named in a letter of Pope Gregory VII dated 1080[375].  A charter dated 12 Jun 1089 records the foundation of the monastery of "S. Georgii et S. Genesii" in Sardinia by "Arzo rex et iudex Karalitanus cum uxore sua domina Vera et cum Constantino filio suo…et cum aliis filiis suis"[376].  m VERA, daughter of --- (-after 22 Apr 1090).  The dating clause of a charter dated 5 May 1066, under which “Constantinus Diaconus dictus nomine de Castra...filios meos Tirchi et Mariane et fratres meos domnizellu Petro et domnizellus Comita et zio meo Zerchis Deravo et Constantinus de Orrobulo Salvaptore” donated property to Monte Cassino, records “regnante domnu nostro Torkitori rex Sardignić de loco Call....cum uxor sua domina Veri et filio eius dompno Constantino...octavo anno regno eius[377].  “Judigi Trogodori de Ugunali cum mulieri mia Donna Vera et cum filiu miu Donnu Constantini” donated property to the archbishop of Cagliari by undated charter[378].  "Constantinus…cum matre mea domina Vera" confirmed the foundation of the monastery of "S. Georgii et S. Genesii" in Sardinia by "Arzo rex et iudex Karalitanus cum uxore sua domina Vera et cum Constantino filio suo…et cum aliis filiis suis", with the consent of "uxore mea et filio meo Marino et fratribus et parentibus meis", by charter dated 12 Jun 1089[379].  "Constantinus rexet iudex Karalitanus, Vera mater eiusdem iudicis, Zerebis frater eiusdem iudicis, Comita frater eiusdem, ceteri fratris illius…" subscribed a charter dated 22 Apr 1090 by which "Ugo…Karalitanć ecclesie archiepiscopi" confirmed various donations[380].  Arzo & his wife had six children: 

a)         COSTANTINO [I] (-after 22 Apr 1090).  The dating clause of a charter dated 5 May 1066, under which “Constantinus Diaconus dictus nomine de Castra...filios meos Tirchi et Mariane et fratres meos domnizellu Petro et domnizellus Comita et zio meo Zerchis Deravo et Constantinus de Orrobulo Salvaptore” donated property to Monte Cassino, records “regnante domnu nostro Torkitori rex Sardignić de loco Call....cum uxor sua domina Veri et filio eius dompno Constantino...octavo anno regno eius[381].  “Judigi Trogodori de Ugunali cum mulieri mia Donna Vera et cum filiu miu Donnu Constantini” donated property to the archbishop of Cagliari by undated charter[382].  "Constantinus…cum matre mea domina Vera" confirmed the foundation of the monastery of "S. Georgii et S. Genesii" in Sardinia by "Arzo rex et iudex Karalitanus cum uxore sua domina Vera et cum Constantino filio suo…et cum aliis filiis suis", with the consent of "uxore mea et filio meo Marino et fratribus et parentibus meis", by charter dated 12 Jun 1089, witnessed by "Constantinus rex et iudex qui dico Salusius de Lacon, Jorgia regina, Marianus rex et iudex filius suprascripti Constantini, Artuo frater eius"[383].  Judge of Cagliari.  "Constantinus…rex et iudex Caralitanus" founded the monastery of "S. Saturnini" in Sardinia by charter dated 1089, witnessed by "Jorgia regina, Marianus iudex et rex filius istius Constantini, Zerchis frater iudici, Utbertus filius Rameri, Janbertus, Comita frater eius"[384].  "Constantinus rexet iudex Karalitanus, Vera mater eiusdem iudicis, Zerebis frater eiusdem iudicis, Comita frater eiusdem, ceteri fratris illius…" subscribed a charter dated 22 Apr 1090 by which "Ugo…Karalitanć ecclesie archiepiscopi" confirmed various donations[385].  m GIORGIA, daughter of ---.  "Constantinus…cum matre mea domina Vera" confirmed the foundation of the monastery of "S. Georgii et S. Genesii" in Sardinia, with the consent of "uxore mea et filio meo Marino et fratribus et parentibus meis", by charter dated 12 Jun 1089, witnessed by "Constantinus rex et iudex qui dico Salusius de Lacon, Jorgia regina…"[386].  "Constantinus…rex et iudex Caralitanus" founded the monastery of "S. Saturnini" in Sardinia by charter dated 1089, witnessed by "Jorgia regina…"[387].  Costantino & his wife had four children: 

i)          MARIANO [Torchitorio] [II] (-1130).  "Constantinus…cum matre mea domina Vera" confirmed the foundation of the monastery of "S. Georgii et S. Genesii" in Sardinia, with the consent of "uxore mea et filio meo Marino et fratribus et parentibus meis", by charter dated 12 Jun 1089, witnessed by "Constantinus rex et iudex qui dico Salusius de Lacon, Jorgia regina, Marianus rex et iudex filius suprascripti Constantini, Artuo frater eius"[388].  Judge of Cagliari

-         see below.   

ii)         ARTUO .  "Constantinus…cum matre mea domina Vera" confirmed the foundation of the monastery of "S. Georgii et S. Genesii" in Sardinia, with the consent of "uxore mea et filio meo Marino et fratribus et parentibus meis", by charter dated 12 Jun 1089, witnessed by "Constantinus rex et iudex qui dico Salusius de Lacon, Jorgia regina, Marianus rex et iudex filius suprascripti Constantini, Artuo frater eius"[389].  

iii)        ITTOCHO .  "Marianus iudex Karilitanus filiusque noster dominus Constantinus et domino Comita et domino Gonnari et domino Dorbini et domino Petro avunculis mei et fratribus meis germanis Yttochon et Terbeis" donated property to Marseille Saint Victor by charter dated 2 May 1112[390].  

iv)        TERBEO .  "Marianus iudex Karilitanus filiusque noster dominus Constantinus et domino Comita et domino Gonnari et domino Dorbini et domino Petro avunculis mei et fratribus meis germanis Yttochon et Terbeis" donated property to Marseille Saint Victor by charter dated 2 May 1112[391].  

b)         PIETRO SERGIO (-after 22 Apr 1090).  "Constantinus…rex et iudex Caralitanus" founded the monastery of "S. Saturnini" in Sardinia by charter dated 1089, witnessed by "…Zerchis frater iudici…Comita frater eius"[392].  "Constantinus rexet iudex Karalitanus, Vera mater eiusdem iudicis, Zerebis frater eiusdem iudicis, Comita frater eiusdem, ceteri fratris illius…" subscribed a charter dated 22 Apr 1090 by which "Ugo…Karalitanć ecclesie archiepiscopi" confirmed various donations[393].  

c)         COMITA (-[after 1119]).  "Constantinus…rex et iudex Caralitanus" founded the monastery of "S. Saturnini" in Sardinia by charter dated 1089, witnessed by "…Zerchis frater iudici…Comita frater eius"[394].  "Constantinus rexet iudex Karalitanus, Vera mater eiusdem iudicis, Zerebis frater eiusdem iudicis, Comita frater eiusdem, ceteri fratris illius…" subscribed a charter dated 22 Apr 1090 by which "Ugo…Karalitanć ecclesie archiepiscopi" confirmed various donations[395].  "Marianus iudex Karilitanus filiusque noster dominus Constantinus et domino Comita et domino Gonnari et domino Dorbini et domino Petro avunculis mei et fratribus meis germanis Yttochon et Terbeis" donated property to Marseille Saint Victor by charter dated 2 May 1112[396].  [“Iudigi Torgotori de Gunali cum filiu meu Donnu Gostantine fucte dictus potestas de Terra Kalarese et cum mulieri mia donna Preziosa de Lacon” donated property to S. Maria, Pisa, including “illam domesticam de Cannetum quam habeo cum donnicello Comita”, by charter dated to 1119[397].  It is not certain that “donnicello Comita” in this document was the donor´s paternal uncle.]

d)         GONNARIO (-after 2 May 1112).  "Marianus iudex Karilitanus filiusque noster dominus Constantinus et domino Comita et domino Gonnari et domino Dorbini et domino Petro avunculis mei et fratribus meis germanis Yttochon et Terbeis" donated property to Marseille Saint Victor by charter dated 2 May 1112[398].  

e)         TORBINO (-after 2 May 1112).  Judge of CagliariTurbini...Judex Kalaritanus” granted privileges to the Pisans by charter dated May 1104, witnessed by “Gonnari donnicellus et Petrus et Marianus donnicelli et Torchitore similiter...[399].  “Turbini...Judex Calaritanus” donated property to S. Maria di Pisa, for the souls of “conjugis mee et filiorum meorum”, by charter dated May 1104[400]"Marianus iudex Karilitanus filiusque noster dominus Constantinus et domino Comita et domino Gonnari et domino Dorbini et domino Petro avunculis mei et fratribus meis germanis Yttochon et Terbeis" donated property to Marseille Saint Victor by charter dated 2 May 1112[401].  m --- (-after May 1104).  Turbini...Judex Calaritanus” donated property to S. Maria di Pisa, for the souls of “conjugis mee et filiorum meorum”, by charter dated May 1104[402].  Torbino & his wife had children: 

i)          sons .  “Turbini...Judex Calaritanus” donated property to S. Maria di Pisa, for the souls of “conjugis mee et filiorum meorum”, by charter dated May 1104[403]

f)          PIETRO (-after 2 May 1112).  "Marianus iudex Karilitanus filiusque noster dominus Constantinus et domino Comita et domino Gonnari et domino Dorbini et domino Petro avunculis mei et fratribus meis germanis Yttochon et Terbeis" donated property to Marseille Saint Victor by charter dated 2 May 1112[404].  

 

 

MARIANO [Torchitorio] [II], son of COSTANTINO [I] Judge of Cagliari & his wife Giorgia --- (-1130).  "Constantinus…cum matre mea domina Vera" confirmed the foundation of the monastery of "S. Georgii et S. Genesii" in Sardinia, with the consent of "uxore mea et filio meo Marino et fratribus et parentibus meis", by charter dated 12 Jun 1089, witnessed by "Constantinus rex et iudex qui dico Salusius de Lacon, Jorgia regina, Marianus rex et iudex filius suprascripti Constantini, Artuo frater eius"[405].  Judge of Cagliari.  "Constantinus…rex et iudex Caralitanus" founded the monastery of "S. Saturnini" in Sardinia by charter dated 1089, witnessed by "…Marianus iudex et rex filius istius Constantini…"[406].  Judex Torchitor de Lacono” donated property to the church of S. Lorenzo, Genoa by charter dated 18 Jun 1107[407].  “Judice Trogotori de Gunali cum filio meo Constantini” donated the church of S. Giovanni di Arsemine to S. Lorenzo, Genoa, for the souls of “mea et de muliere mea domna Preciosa de Lacon”, by charter dated 1108[408].  “Iudex Torchitor de Lacono qui proprio nomine Marianus vocor...quondam Constantini similiter judicis” donated property to the church of S. Maria, Pisa “mea et de muliere mea domna Preciosa de Lacon”, by charter dated 1108[409]"Marianus iudex Karilitanus filiusque noster dominus Constantinus et domino Comita et domino Gonnari et domino Dorbini et domino Petro avunculis mei et fratribus meis germanis Yttochon et Terbeis" donated property to Marseille Saint Victor by charter dated 2 May 1112[410].  “Iudigi Torgotori de Gunali cum filiu meu Donnu Gostantine fucte dictus potestas de Terra Kalarese et cum mulieri mia donna Preziosa de Lacon” donated property to S. Maria, Pisa, including “illam domesticam de Cannetum quam habeo cum donnicello Comita”, by charter dated to 1119[411]

m PREZIOSA de Lacon, daughter of --- (-after 1119).  Judice Trogotori de Gunali cum filio meo Constantini” donated the church of S. Giovanni di Arsemine to S. Lorenzo, Genoa, for the souls of “mea et de muliere mea domna Preciosa de Lacon”, by charter dated 1108[412]Iudigi Torgotori de Gunali cum filiu meu Donnu Gostantine fucte dictus potestas de Terra Kalarese et cum mulieri mia donna Preziosa de Lacon” donated property to S. Maria, Pisa, including “illam domesticam de Cannetum quam habeo cum donnicello Comita”, by charter dated to 1119[413]

Mariano & his wife had one child: 

1.         COSTANTINO [Salusio] [II] (-1163).  Judice Trogotori de Gunali cum filio meo Constantini” donated the church of S. Giovanni di Arsemine to S. Lorenzo, Genoa, for the souls of “mea et de muliere mea domna Preciosa de Lacon”, by charter dated 1108[414]"Marianus iudex Karilitanus filiusque noster dominus Constantinus et domino Comita et domino Gonnari et domino Dorbini et domino Petro avunculis mei et fratribus meis germanis Yttochon et Terbeis" donated property to Marseille Saint Victor by charter dated 2 May 1112[415].  “Iudigi Torgotori de Gunali cum filiu meu Donnu Gostantine fucte dictus potestas de Terra Kalarese et cum mulieri mia donna Preziosa de Lacon” donated property to S. Maria, Pisa, including “illam domesticam de Cannetum quam habeo cum donnicello Comita”, by charter dated to 1119[416]Judge of CagliariJudice Barusone de Serra potestate de logu de Arborea” donated property to the church of S. Maria di Bonarcado by undated charter, witnessed by “judice Constantine de Plominos, judice Gunnari de Jugadore, judice Constantine Gallulesa connatu meu[417].  “Iudigi Salusi de Lacon cum mulieri mia dona Iurgia de Unali” [naming “...Iurgia et...matre sua dona Preciosa de Lacon”] permitted “ciu miu donigellu Arzoccu” to make donations, for the souls of “mia et de fiu meu”, by charter dated to [1163/64][418]m GIORGIA di Unali, daughter of --- & his wife Preciosa di Lacon (-after [1163/64]).  Iudigi Salusi de Lacon cum mulieri mia dona Iurgia de Unali” [naming “...Iurgia et...matre sua dona Preciosa de Lacon”] permitted “ciu miu donigellu Arzoccu” to make donations, for the souls of “mia et de fiu meu”, by charter dated to [1163/64][419]Costantino [II] & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         [daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  It is not known whether the information is speculative, designed to explain the succession of her supposed husband to the judgeship of Cagliari.  m PIETRO di Torres, son of GONARIO [II] Judge of Torres & his wife --- (-[1193]).  Fara names “Petro” as the second son of “Genuarius II Lacon, vulgo Gunari de Lacon appellatus”, adding that his father granted him “regionem de Nucari” and recording in a later passage that he succeeded as judge of Cagliari[420].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  Judge of CagliariBaruson iudex Arborensis” made peace with “Petro iudice Karalitano”, including arrangements for property held by the latter “tempore Costantini quondam iudicis”, by charter dated Dec 1169[421].] 

 

 

GUGLIELMO [I] di Massa, son of OBERTO di Massa Marchese di Corsica & his wife --- (-1214).  Marchese di Massa, Marchese di CorsicaJudge of Cagliari.  The primary source which identifies the basis for his succession in Cagliari has not yet been identified.  It is assumed that he succeeded Pietro di Torres as judge of Cagliari, but this assumption has not been confirmed by primary source evidence either.  If it is correct, it is possible that he usurped his predecessor´s position.  Judge of Arborea.  "Nobilis vir Orlandinus Ugolinus de Porcari" swore allegiance to the Roman Church for "Rocca Massć…et de castro Pontenzalo" which "clarć memorić G --- Marchio Massć et judex Calaritanus" held, by charter dated 23 Jan 1234[422]

m firstly ADELASIA Malaspina, daughter of MORUELLO Malaspina & his wife --- (-after 1206).  Her name is confirmed by the charter dated Jun 1215 under which [her daughter] Benedicta de Lacon...podestando --- parte de Callaris” confirmed the donation made to the church of S. Giorgio di Suelli by “juigi Trodori...coniux...eius...Sinispella”, for the souls of “donnu padre miu su Marchesu de Massa jurgi Salusi de Lacono et de sa dona mama mia contissa Adalasia[423]

m secondly (before 3 Sep 1211) GUISIANA di Capraia, daughter of GUIDO BURGUNDIONE Conte di Capraia & his wife --- (-after 1206).  Pope Innocent III requested the archbishop of Torres to enquire into the consanguinity between W. Calaritanus iudex” and “nobilem mulierem filiam comitis Guidonis quam duxerat in uxorem”, dated 3 Sep 1211[424]

Guglielmo & his first wife had two children: 

1.         AGNESE (-after 28 Oct 1256).  Fara names “Agnetem Guillelmi iudicis Caralitani filiam” as the wife of “Marianus III...iudex Turritanus”, and mother of “Barisonem filium, et Benedictam atque Alasiam filias[425].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  The testament of "domina Agnisia filia quondam marchionis Guillelmi Masse", dated 28 Oct 1256, appointed as her heir "Guillelmum de Chepola…marchionis Masse et iudicem regni Calari"[426]m firstly MARIANO [II] de Lacon-Gunale Judge of Torres and Arborea, son of COMITA [II] Judge of Torres & his first wife Sinispella di Arborea (-1233).  m secondly RANIERI della Gherardesca Conte di Bolgheri, son of --- (-1245). 

2.         BENEDETTA ([1194]-Massa [1232/33]).  Muratori records the papal homage of "Prasson marchionis Massć et judicis Kalaritani et Benedictć eius uxoris", undated[427]Tola states that Pietro Judge of Arborea married “Barisone...di lui figlio primogenito” to “Benedetta...figilia di Guglielmo I marchese di Massa[428].  The primary source which confirms the marriage has not yet been identified.  Heiress of Cagliari.  Benedicta de Lacon...podestando --- parte de Callaris” confirmed the donation made to the church of S. Giorgio di Suelli by “juigi Trodori...coniux...eius...Sinispella”, for the souls of “donnu padre miu su Marchesu de Massa jurgi Salusi de Lacono et de sa dona mama mia contissa Adalasia”, by charter dated Jun 1215[429].  “Benedicta de Lacon donna de Logu cum fillu miu Donnigella” donated property to the church of sant´Antioco di Solci by charter dated 22 May 1216[430].  “Benedicta...Massć marchisia et iudicissa Calaritana et Arborensis” wrote to Pope Honorius III, with the advice of “virum nobilem Petrum [error for Parisonum]...filium quondam iudicis Petri Arboreć”, about Pisan oppression dated 1217[431]"Benedicta Donnicella Marchisana Massć et Judicissa Calaritana" donated money "nomine census pro regno meo Calaritano" to "Domino Gottifredo prćfecti urbis domini Papć subdiacono et capellano, totius Sardinić et Corsicć legato", by charter dated 5 Dec 1224[432]Benedicta donnicella marchisana Massć et iudicissa Calaritana” confirmed her allegiance to the Papal legate by charter dated 3 Dec 1224[433].  The primary sources which confirm her second, third and fourth marriages have not yet been identified.  m firstly (before 1211) BARISONE di Arborea, son of PIETRO Judge of Arborea & his wife --- (-1217).  Judge of Cagliarim secondly (9 Apr 1220, annulled by the Papacy) as his second wife, LAMBERTO Visconti Judge of Gallura, son of ELDIZIO Visconti consul of Pisa & his wife --- (-[1223/26]).  m thirdly ENRICO di Ceola, son of ---.  m fourthly Conte RINALDO Gualandi, son of --- (-after 1230).  Benedetta & her first husband had one child: 

a)         GUGLIELMO [II] ([1215/22 May 1216]-1254)Benedicta de Lacon donna de Logu cum fillu miu Donnigella” donated property to the church of sant´Antioco di Solci by charter dated 22 May 1216[434]Judge of Cagliarim ---.  The name of Guglielmo´s wife is not known.  Guglielmo [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          [GIOVANNI di Massa [Chiano] (-murdered [27 Jul/15 Oct] 1256).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  However, it appears likely that he was the son of Guglielmo [II].  If that is correct, he could have been little more than an adolescent when he died.  Judge of CagliariDominus Chiankitu marchio Masse et iudex Kalaritanus” appointed “Guilelmum Raynaldum filius quondam Russi avunculi sui et domine Marie Disserre martere sue” as his heirs by charter dated 23 Sep 1254[435]The people of S. Igia acknowledged the succession of "domino Guillelmo fratri et consobrino domini Chianis…marchionis Masse et iudicis Calaritani" by charter dated 15 Oct 1256[436].] 

ii)         [GIACOPO di Massa (-after 14 Jan 1258).  The testament of "dominus Guillelmus Cepulla marchio Masse et…iudex Kalaritanus", dated 14 Jan 1258, appointed as her heir "comune Ianue seu civitatem Ianue", provided they provided a dowry for "filie Alaxie quam genuit ex Francisca", and bequeathed property to "consanguineo meo Iacobo fratri quondam marchionis Chiani…filiis Raynaldi Cepulle quondam fratris sui"[437].] 

Guglielmo & his second wife had one child: 

3.         PREZIOSA (-[1230]).  Pope Innocent III reprimanded the archbishop of Cagliari for having permitted the marriage of filiam marchionis de Massa” and “Hugonem de Basso” without papal authorisation, dated 27 Oct 1207[438].  Her name is confirmed by the undated charter, probably dated to 1237, under which [her son] “Petrus de Laccono judice de Arborea et visconde de Basso” confirmed the donation made to S. Maria di Bonarcado by “donnu Ugo de Basso padre meu et donna Preciosa de Laccono mamma mea[439]m ([1206]) UGO PONCE de Bas Judge of Arborea, son of UC PONCE de Cevera Vizconde de Bas & his wife Sinispella de Arborea (1178-1211). 

 

 

The precise relationship between the following family and the main Cagliari family is not known.  The succession of Guglielmo [III] as judge of Cagliari is best explained if his mother Maria di Serra was the sister of Guglielmo [II], but this speculation has not been confirmed by primary source evidence: 

1.         ROSSO (-before 23 Sep 1254).  m MARIA di Serra, daughter of --- (-after 23 Sep 1254).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 23 Sep 1254 under which Dominus Chiankitu marchio Masse et iudex Kalaritanus” appointed “Guilelmum Raynaldum filius quondam Russi avunculi sui et domine Marie Disserre martere sue” as his heirs[440].  The charters quoted in this section suggest that Maria must have been the sister of Guglielmo [II] Judge of Cagliari, but the primary source which confirms that this speculation is correct has not been identified.  Rosso & his wife had two children: 

a)         RINALDO di Cepolla (-after 27 Jul 1256, probably before 15 Oct 1256).  The testament of "Rainaldus quondam Russi", dated 27 Jul 1256, in the presence of "domini Chianis Masse et…iudicis Calaritani", bequeathes property to "Mase Amasie mee…et domine Ore socrue mee…Vuillelmum Ceuolam fratrem meum"[441].  All the documents which are quoted in this section, read together, suggest that Rinaldo may have been his parents´ older son and may have died before the accession of his brother as judge of Caglíari.  If this speculation is correct, the exclusion of his children from the succession could be explained if they were infants.  m ---.  The name of Rinaldo´s wife is not known.  Rinaldo & his wife had children: 

i)          children (-after 14 Jan 1258).  The testament of "dominus Guillelmus Cepulla marchio Masse et…iudex Kalaritanus", dated 14 Jan 1258, appointed as his heir "comune Ianue seu civitatem Ianue", provided they provided a dowry for "filie Alaxie quam genuit ex Francisca", and bequeathed property to "consanguineo meo Iacobo fratri quondam marchionis Chiani…filiis Raynaldi Cepulle quondam fratris sui"[442]

b)         GUGLIELMO [III] di Cepolla (-after 14 Jan 1258).  The testament of "Rainaldus quondam Russi", dated 27 Jul 1256, in the presence of "domini Chianis Masse et…iudicis Calaritani", bequeathes property to "Mase Amasie mee…et domine Ore socrue mee…Vuillelmum Ceuolam fratrem meum"[443]Judge of Cagliari.  The people of S. Igia acknowledged the succession of "domino Guillelmo fratri et consobrino domini Chianis…marchionis Masse et iudicis Calaritani" by charter dated 15 Oct 1256[444].  The testament of "domina Agnisia filia quondam marchionis Guillelmi Masse", dated 28 Oct 1256, appointed as her heir "Guillelmum de Chepola…marchionis Masse et iudicem regni Calari"[445].  The testament of "dominus Guillelmus Cepulla marchio Masse et…iudex Kalaritanus", dated 14 Jan 1258, appointed as his heir "comune Ianue seu civitatem Ianue", provided they provided a dowry for "filie Alaxie quam genuit ex Francisca", and bequeathed property to "consanguineo meo Iacobo fratri quondam marchionis Chiani…filiis Raynaldi Cepulle quondam fratris sui"[446]Mistress (1): FRANCESCA, daughter of ---.  The testament of "dominus Guillelmus Cepulla marchio Masse et…iudex Kalaritanus", dated 14 Jan 1258, provided a dowry for "filie Alaxie quam genuit ex Francisca"[447].  Guglielmo had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

i)           ALASIA di Cepolla .  The testament of "dominus Guillelmus Cepulla marchio Masse et…iudex Kalaritanus", dated 14 Jan 1258, appointed as his heir "comune Ianue seu civitatem Ianue", provided they provided a dowry for "filie Alaxie quam genuit ex Francisca", and bequeathed property to "consanguineo meo Iacobo fratri quondam marchionis Chiani…filiis Raynaldi Cepulle quondam fratris sui"[448]

 

 

 

C.      JUDGES of ARBOREA (SARDINIA)

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         ORROCO [Arzo] (-after 14 Oct 1073).  Judge of Arborea.  Pope Gregory VII wrote to “Mariano Turrensi, Orroco Arborensi, Orroco Caralitano et Constantino Gallurensi iudicibus Sardinić” dated 14 Oct 1073[449].  “Iudice Torbeni” issued an undated charter “pro domo de Nurage Nigellu et de domo de Massone de Capras”, with the consent of “donna Nibata matre mea”, and confirmed by “iudice Orzoccor dezori, nepote de donna Nibata[450]

2.         NIBATA Her relationship to Judge Orroco, and her marriage, are confirmed by the undated charter which [her son] Iudice Torbeni” issued “pro domo de Nurage Nigellu et de domo de Massone de Capras”, with the consent of “donna Nibata matre mea”, and confirmed by “iudice Orzoccor dezori, nepote de donna Nibata[451]m --- [di Zori], son of ---. 

 

 

1.         --- [di Zori] m NIBATA, daughter of ---.  Her relationship to Judge Orroco, and her marriage, are confirmed by the undated charter which [her son] Iudice Torbeni” issued “pro domo de Nurage Nigellu et de domo de Massone de Capras”, with the consent of “donna Nibata matre mea”, and confirmed by “iudice Orzoccor dezori, nepote de donna Nibata[452]

a)         TORBENO di ZoriJudge of Arborea.  “Iudice Torbeni” issued an undated charter “pro domo de Nurage Nigellu et de domo de Massone de Capras”, with the consent of “donna Nibata matre mea”, and confirmed by “iudice Orzoccor dezori, nepote de donna Nibata[453]Iudice Turbini de Lacon, potestando parte de Arborea cum donna Anna de Zori e regina coiube mia” bought a horse from “Gostantine Dorrubu fretele meo” by undated charter[454]m ANNA, daughter of ---.  “Iudice Turbini de Lacon, potestando parte de Arborea cum donna Anna de Zori e regina coiube mia” bought a horse from “Gostantine Dorrubu fretele meo” by undated charter[455]

 

 

1.         BARISONE .  The charter dated 24 Jun 1147, under which [his great-grandson] "Gonnarius…Turritanorum Rex et Dominus" confirmed rights of Cassino monastery, in memory of "atavus meus Baraso Rex et Marianus avus noster, Constantinus…genitor noster, et Marchusa Regina uxor eius…"[456], suggests that Barasone ruled at some time as Judge of Arborea.  No contemporary primary source has been identified which confirms that this supposition is correct or indicates the approximate dates of his rule.  One possibility is that he was the same person as Torbeno di Zori, Barasone being an alternative name.  m ---.  The name of Barisone´s wife is not known.  Barisone & his wife had one child: 

a)         MARIANO .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 24 Jun 1147 under which "Gonnarius…Turritanorum Rex et Dominus" confirmed rights of Cassino monastery, in memory of "atavus meus Baraso Rex et Marianus avus noster, Constantinus…genitor noster, et Marchusa Regina uxor eius…"[457].  This document does not accord any title to Mariano, in contrast to Mariano´s father Barasone.  It is therefore possible that Mariano predeceased his father and never ruled in Arborea.  m ---.  The name of Mariano´s wife is not known.  Mariano & his wife had [five] children: 

i)          COSTANTINO (-after 25 Apr 1113).  Judge of ArboreaNostru iudice Costantine [...de Laccon in regno qui dicitur Ardar] et dessa muliere domna Marcusa regina dicta nomine de Gunale” consented to the donation of property to Monte Cassino made by “Furatu de Gitil et muliere mea Susanna” by charter dated 25 Apr 1113[458].  “Constantinus...rex...de Laccon...cum uxore mea Marcusa regina...de Gunale” donated the church of S. Pietro di Iscanu to S. Salvatore di Camaldoli by charter dated 30 Apr 1113, witnessed by “donnicellu Comita de Laccon, donicellu Ithocor de Laccon, donnicellu Gunnari de Laccon, donnicellu Petru de Serra totos minor fratres[459]His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 24 Jun 1147 under which "Gonnarius…Turritanorum Rex et Dominus" confirmed rights of Cassino monastery, in memory of "atavus meus Baraso Rex et Marianus avus noster, Constantinus…genitor noster, et Marchusa Regina uxor eius…"[460]m MARCUSA di Gunale, daughter of --- (-after 25 Apr 1113).  Nostru iudice Costantine [...de Laccon in regno qui dicitur Ardar] et dessa muliere domna Marcusa regina dicta nomine de Gunale” consented to the donation of property to Monte Cassino made by “Furatu de Gitil et muliere mea Susanna” by charter dated 25 Apr 1113[461]Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 24 Jun 1147 under which "Gonnarius…Turritanorum Rex et Dominus" confirmed rights of Cassino monastery, in memory of "atavus meus Baraso Rex et Marianus avus noster, Constantinus…genitor noster, et Marchusa Regina uxor eius…"[462].  Costantino & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GONNARIO (-after 24 Jun 1147).  "Gonnarius…Turritanorum Rex et Dominus" confirmed rights of Cassino monastery, in memory of "atavus meus Baraso Rex et Marianus avus noster, Constantinus…genitor noster, et Marchusa Regina uxor eius…et Comita cum uxore sua Muscundola, et Marinus cum uxore sua Justa, Pera filii Gonnarii, Constantinus de Carvia cum uxore sua Jorgia, Foratus de Gentil cum uxore sua Susanna ", by charter dated 24 Jun 1147[463]

-         see below

ii)         COMITA di Lacon (-after 30 Apr 1113).  “Constantinus...rex...de Laccon...cum uxore mea Marcusa regina...de Gunale” donated the church of S. Pietro di Iscanu to S. Salvatore di Camaldoli by charter dated 30 Apr 1113, witnessed by “donnicellu Comita de Laccon, donicellu Ithocor de Laccon, donnicellu Gunnari de Laccon, donnicellu Petru de Serra totos minor fratres[464]

iii)        ITOCORRE di Lacon (-after 30 Apr 1113).  “Constantinus...rex...de Laccon...cum uxore mea Marcusa regina...de Gunale” donated the church of S. Pietro di Iscanu to S. Salvatore di Camaldoli by charter dated 30 Apr 1113, witnessed by “donnicellu Comita de Laccon, donicellu Ithocor de Laccon, donnicellu Gunnari de Laccon, donnicellu Petru de Serra totos minor fratres[465]

iv)        GONNARIO di Lacon (-after 13 Sep 1113).  “Constantinus...rex...de Laccon...cum uxore mea Marcusa regina...de Gunale” donated the church of S. Pietro di Iscanu to S. Salvatore di Camaldoli by charter dated 30 Apr 1113, witnessed by “donnicellu Comita de Laccon, donicellu Ithocor de Laccon, donnicellu Gunnari de Laccon, donnicellu Petru de Serra totos minor fratres[466]Gostantine...rege bocatibo...de Lacon...cum ubxore Marcusa regina...de Gunale” ordered the uniting of the churches of S. Maria and S. Nicolň di Soliu by charter dated 13 Sep 1113, naming “fratre meu Donnicellu Gunnari de Laccon[467]

v)         [PETRO di Serra (-after 30 Apr 1113).  “Constantinus...rex...de Laccon...cum uxore mea Marcusa regina...de Gunale” donated the church of S. Pietro di Iscanu to S. Salvatore di Camaldoli by charter dated 30 Apr 1113, witnessed by “donnicellu Comita de Laccon, donicellu Ithocor de Laccon, donnicellu Gunnari de Laccon, donnicellu Petru de Serra totos minor fratres[468]The different geographical epithet of the last-named suggests that he may have been the uterine brother of the others, born from a second marriage of their mother.] 

 

 

GONNARIO, son of COSTANTINO & his wife Marchusa --- (-after 24 Jun 1147).  "Gonnarius…Turritanorum Rex et Dominus" confirmed rights of Cassino monastery, in memory of "atavus meus Baraso Rex et Marianus avus noster, Constantinus…genitor noster, et Marchusa Regina uxor eius…et Comita cum uxore sua Muscundola, et Marinus cum uxore sua Justa, Pera filii Gonnarii, Constantinus de Carvia cum uxore sua Jorgia, Foratus de Gentil cum uxore sua Susanna ", by charter dated 24 Jun 1147[469]

m ELENA Orvu, daughter of ---.  Fara names “Helenam Orru” as the wife of “Genuarius alias Gonarius de Lacon...iudex Arboreć”, and mother of “tres...filias...Helenam, Georgiam et Pretiosam, totidemque filios...Constantinum, Comitam et Orrocum seu Orrocorum[470].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence. 

Gonnario & his wife had [six] children: 

1.         COSTANTINO [I] .  Fara names “Helenam Orru” as the wife of “Genuarius alias Gonarius de Lacon...iudex Arboreć”, and mother of “tres...filias...Helenam, Georgiam et Pretiosam, totidemque filios...Constantinum, Comitam et Orrocum seu Orrocorum”, adding that Costantino succeeded his father[471].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  Judge of Arboream ---.  The name of Constantino´s wife is not known.  Fara names “Annam Zori” as the wife of “Constantinus de Lacon[472].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  Constantino & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         COMITA (-after 1144).  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter, maybe dated to [1182/83], under which [his son] Iudice Barasune podestando totu Logu d´Arboreć...cum mugera mia donna Algaburga regina de Logu” confirmed the church of S. Nicola di Gurgo to the Benedictines, as donated by “Iudice Gostantine Au meu et iudice Comida patre meus[473]Judge of ArboreaComita judex Arvorensis” donated property to S. Lorenzo, Genoa by charter dated Dec 1131[474]m ---.  The name of Comita´s wife is not known.  Fara names “Helenam Orru” as the wife of “Comita II de Lacon” and mother of “Barisonem filium et filiam Anastasiam[475].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  Comita & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          BARISONE (-1185).  Fara names “Helenam Orru” as the wife of “Comita II de Lacon” and mother of “Barisonem filium et filiam Anastasiam[476].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  Judge of Arborea

-         see below

ii)         CONSTANTINOBaresonus...rex Sardinić” made monetary commitments to the commune of Genoa by charter dated 16 Sep 1164, witnessed by “...Constantini de Lacu fratris regii...[477]

iii)        [ANASTASIAFara names “Helenam Orru” as the wife of “Comita II de Lacon” and mother of “Barisonem filium et filiam Anastasiam[478].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.] 

b)         [ORROCO .  Fara records that “Orrocus III, seu Orrocorus Comitć fratri” succeeded his brother “in Arboreensi iudicatu[479].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence. 

2.         [COMITAFara names “Helenam Orru” as the wife of “Genuarius alias Gonarius de Lacon...iudex Arboreć”, and mother of “tres...filias...Helenam, Georgiam et Pretiosam, totidemque filios...Constantinum, Comitam et Orrocum seu Orrocorum[480].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  In a later passage, Fara indicates that Comita succeeded his brother Costantino as judge of Arborea.  However, the charter evidence quoted above indicates that Costantino´s successor was his son.] 

3.         ORROCO .  Fara names “Helenam Orru” as the wife of “Genuarius alias Gonarius de Lacon...iudex Arboreć”, and mother of “tres...filias...Helenam, Georgiam et Pretiosam, totidemque filios...Constantinum, Comitam et Orrocum seu Orrocorum[481].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence. 

4.         ELENAFara names “Helenam Orru” as the wife of “Genuarius alias Gonarius de Lacon...iudex Arboreć”, and mother of “tres...filias...Helenam, Georgiam et Pretiosam, totidemque filios...Constantinum, Comitam et Orrocum seu Orrocorum[482].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence. 

5.         GIORGIA .  Fara names “Helenam Orru” as the wife of “Genuarius alias Gonarius de Lacon...iudex Arboreć”, and mother of “tres...filias...Helenam, Georgiam et Pretiosam, totidemque filios...Constantinum, Comitam et Orrocum seu Orrocorum[483].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence. 

6.         PREZIOSAFara names “Helenam Orru” as the wife of “Genuarius alias Gonarius de Lacon...iudex Arboreć”, and mother of “tres...filias...Helenam, Georgiam et Pretiosam, totidemque filios...Constantinum, Comitam et Orrocum seu Orrocorum[484].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence. 

 

 

BARISONE, son of COMITA Judge of Arborea & his wife --- (-1185).  Fara names “Helenam Orru” as the wife of “Comita II de Lacon” and mother of “Barisonem filium et filiam Anastasiam[485].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  Judge of ArboreaJudice Barusone de Serra potestate de logu de Arborea” donated property to the church of S. Maria di Bonarcado by undated charter, witnessed by “judice Constantine de Plominos, judice Gunnari de Jugadore, judice Constantine Gallulesa connatu meu[486].  “Parason...iudex Arborć filius quondam Comita item iudicis Arboreć” granted property to “dominć Agalbursć...uxori meć filić quondam Pontii de Cervera” on their marriage by charter dated 31 Oct 1157, witnessed by “...Ugonis vicecomitis...[487]King of SardiniaBaresonus...rex Sardinić” made monetary commitments to the commune of Genoa by charter dated 16 Sep 1164, witnessed by “...Constantini de Lacu fratris regii...[488]Emperor Friedrich I granted a royal crown to "Barasonem Judicem" in 1165[489].  "Iudice Barusone Darboree" donated property to "Susanna fiia mia", with the consent of "donna Algabursa mugere mia regina de Logu Darboree", by charter dated 1165[490]Baruson iudex de Arborea” made peace with “Barusone iudice Turritano”, including arrangements for property held by the latter “tempore Gunnarii quondam iudicis”, by charter dated 1168[491].  “Baruson iudex Arborensis” made peace with “Petro iudice Karalitano”, including arrangements for property held by the latter “tempore Costantini quondam iudicis”, by charter dated Dec 1169[492].  “Iudice Barasune podestando totu Logu d´Arboreć...cum mugera mia donna Algaburga regina de Logu” confirmed the church of S. Nicola di Gurgo to the Benedictines, as donated by “Iudice Gostantine Au meu et iudice Comida patre meus”, by undated charter, maybe dated to [1182/83][493].  “Rege Barusone d´Arbaree et uxore mia donna Agal Borssa regina de Logu” donated property to S. Maria, Pisa by charter dated Jun 1185 witnessed by “Puneu nebode meu[494]

m firstly (repudiated) PELLEGRINA de Lacon, daughter of --- (-after 27 Apr 1195).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 27 Apr 1195 under which [her son] Iudice Petrus Darboree” donated annual income to S. Lorenzo, Genoa, with the consent of “donna mama mia donna Pelegrina de Lacon et de Barusone de Lacon filio meo[495].  Presumably she was repudiated by her husband as she was still alive at the date of this document. 

m secondly ([31] Oct 1157) AGALBURGA de Bas-Cevera, daughter of PONCE [II] de Bas-Cevera Vizconde de Bas & his [first wife ---] (-after 8 Oct 1186).  Parason...iudex Arborć filius quondam Comita item iudicis Arboreć” granted property to “dominć Agalbursć...uxori meć filić quondam Pontii de Cervera” on their marriage by charter dated 31 Oct 1157, witnessed by “...Ugonis vicecomitis...[496]If Agalburga was born from her father´s marriage to Almodis, her mother would have been less than ten years old at the time.  Although early marriage was common, this does seem exaggerated.  It is therefore possible that Agalburga was born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage of her father.  Her absence from the charter dated 28 Feb 1164, in which Almodis names her other surviving children, also suggests that Agalburga was not her daughter.  "Iudice Barusone Darboree" donated property to "Susanna fiia mia", with the consent of "donna Algabursa mugere mia regina de Logu Darboree", by charter dated 1165[497]A...Arboree Regina” granted navigation rights “in toto Arborensi iudicatu” to the commune of Genoa by charter dated 8 Oct 1186, naming “Poncium nepotem meum [...filius quondam Ugonis de Bassis] post quam ad etatem 14 annorum pervenerit[498]

Barisone & his first wife had three children: 

1.         PIETRO (-after 20 Feb 1192).  Judge of ArboreaPetrus...rex et iudex Arboree filius quondam Barasonis item regis et iudex Arboree” donated property to S. Maria, Pisa by charter dated 1187[499].  The absence from this document of his father´s second wife Agalburga suggests that Pietro was probably born from his father´s first marriage, although this is not beyond all doubt.  “Petrus...rex et iudex Arborensis quondam Baresonis regis filius et iudicis Arboree” committed to pay debts to the commune of Genoa by charter dated 29 May 1188, witnessed by “...Orzocor de Lacon filio quondam Barasonis rex et iudex Arborensis Curator de Barberia Dagusti...[500].  “Petrus...iudex Arborensis filius quondam Baresoni iudicis Arboren. et Ugo filius quondam Ugonis de Bas qui olim Poncet nominabatur consilio...Raimundi de Turingia maioris...curatorem” confirmed rights of the commune of Genoa by charter dated 20 Feb 1192[501].  “Iudice Petrus Darboree” donated annual income to S. Lorenzo, Genoa, with the consent of “donna mama mia donna Pelegrina de Lacon et de Barusone de Lacon filio meo”, for the souls of “padre meu et...Torbine frade meu”, by charter dated 27 Apr 1195[502]Fara quotes a bull of Pope Innocent III dated 1199 which records that “Petrum Arboreensem iudicem et filium eius parvulum” were captured by “marchio iudex Caralitanus[503]m as her first husband, B---, daughter of ---.  Fara names “Bina” as wife of “Petrus de Serra Barisonis de Lacon filius, iudex Arboreensis” and mother of his son[504].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  Pope Innocent III ordered an enquiry into the case of “B. nobilis mulieris” who had married “iudici Arborensi” and had one child by him, and had then married “Hugoni comiti” by whom she had two sons whose legitimation had been requested from the Pope, dated 16 May 1207[505].  Pietro & his wife had one child: 

a)         BARISONE (-1217).  “Iudice Petrus Darboree” donated annual income to S. Lorenzo, Genoa, with the consent of “donna mama mia donna Pelegrina de Lacon et de Barusone de Lacon filio meo”, for the souls of “padre meu et...Torbine frade meu”, by charter dated 27 Apr 1195[506]Fara quotes a bull of Pope Innocent III dated 1199 which records that “Petrum Arboreensem iudicem et filium eius parvulum” were captured by “marchio iudex Caralitanus[507].  [Jugi Trogodori de Unali cum donna Benedicta de Lacon muliere mia” confirmed the donation made to the church of S. Giorgio di Suelli by “juigi Pedru” for his soul and those of “filias suas”, by charter dated 30 Sep 1215[508].  It is assumed that this charter refers to Barisone di Arborea, but no other document has yet been identified which gives him the alternative name “Trogodori”.]  m (before 1211) as her first husband, BENEDETTA di Massa, daughter of GUGLIELMO di Massa Judge of Cagliari & his first wife Adelasia Malaspina ([1194]-Massa [1232/33]).  Muratori records the papal homage of "Prasson marchionis Massć et judicis Kalaritani et Benedictć eius uxoris", undated[509]Tola states that Pietro Judge of Arborea married “Barisone...di lui figlio primogenito” to “Benedetta...figilia di Guglielmo I marchese di Massa[510].  The primary source which confirms the marriage has not yet been identified.  She married secondly (9 Apr 1220, annulled by the Papacy) as his second wife, Lamberto Visconti Judge of Gallura, thirdly Enrico di Ceola, and fourthly Conte Rinaldo Gualandi.  Barisone & his wife had one child: 

-        JUDGES of CAGLIARI

2.         TORBINO (-before 27 Apr 1195).  “Iudice Petrus Darboree” donated annual income to S. Lorenzo, Genoa, with the consent of “donna mama mia donna Pelegrina de Lacon et de Barusone de Lacon filio meo”, for the souls of “padre meu et...Torbine frade meu”, by charter dated 27 Apr 1195[511]

3.         SINISPELLA .  "Iudice Barusone Darboree" donated property to "Susanna fiia mia", with the consent of "donna Algabursa mugere mia regina de Logu Darboree", by charter dated 1165[512].  Fara names “Spellam Arboreensem” as the wife of “Comita II, Barisonis quartus filius”, and mother of “Marianum filium, filiasque Mariam et Pretiosam[513].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  m firstly UC PONCE de Cevera Vizconde de Bas, son of PONCE [II] de Bas-Cevera Vizconde de Bas & his wife Almodis de Barcelona (-1185).  m secondly as his first wife, COMITA de Lacon Judge of Torres, son of GONARIO [II] Judge of Torres & his wife --- (-1218). 

Barisone had one [probably illegitimate] child by [an unknown mistress]: 

4.         [ORZOCOR di Lacon (-after 29 May 1188).  Petrus...rex et iudex Arborensis quondam Baresonis regis filius et iudicis Arboree” committed to pay debts to the commune of Genoa by charter dated 29 May 1188, witnessed by “...Orzocor de Lacon filio quondam Barasonis rex et iudex Arborensis Curator de Barberia Dagusti...[514].  The later succession of Ugo Ponce de Bas as judge of Arborea suggests that Orzocor was probably illegitimate.] 

 

 

The relationship, if any, between the following person and the main family of judges of Arborea has not been traced: 

1.         CONSTANTINO (-after 20 Oct 1211).  Judge of Arborea.  “Iudice Constantinus de Arborea territorium...cum uxore domina Anna” founded the monastery of S. Maria di Bonarcanto by charter dated 20 Oct 1211[515]m (before 20 Oct 1211) ANNA, daughter of ---.  “Iudice Constantinus de Arborea territorium...cum uxore domina Anna” founded the monastery of S. Maria di Bonarcanto by charter dated 20 Oct 1211[516]

 

 

UGO PONCE de Bas, son of UC PONCE de Cevera Vizconde de Bas & his wife Sinispella de Arborea (after [1171/72]-1211)A...Arboree Regina” granted navigation rights “in toto Arborensi iudicatu” to the commune of Genoa by charter dated 8 Oct 1186, naming “Poncium nepotem meum [...filius quondam Ugonis de Bassis] post quam ad etatem 14 annorum pervenerit[517]Judge of ArboreaUgo quondam Ugonis de Bassis rex et iudex Arborensis” confirmed rights of the commune of Genoa, with the advice of “Raimundo de Turingia barbani mei”, by charter dated 20 Feb 1192, witnessed by “Raimundi de Turrigia, Raimundi filii eius...[518].  “Petrus...iudex Arborensis filius quondam Baresoni iudicis Arboren. et Ugo filius quondam Ugonis de Bas qui olim Poncet nominabatur consilio...Raimundi de Turingia maioris...curatorem” confirmed rights of the commune of Genoa by charter dated 20 Feb 1192[519].  “Raimundus de Turrigia pro me et Ugone filio quondam Ugonis de Bassis rege et iudice Arboree, cuius curator sum...et Raimundus de Gulgo frater eius, nec non Guillielmus de Sagardia et Bernardus de Anglarola” confirmed to the consul of Genoa that they would transfer to him the castle of Serla by charter dated 1 Mar 1192, witnessed by “...Petro iudice Arboree[520]"Ugo" donated property in San Privat and Santa María de Puigpardinas to "Ademario de Mirales" by charter dated 30 Nov 1196[521].  A charter dated 18 Jan 1198 records an agreement between "Ugonem vice-comitem de Bas" and "Petrum de Ceruaria"[522]Ugo de Bassio sive Pontius filius quondam Ugonis de Bassio” granted concessions to the commune of Genoa, with the consent of “donna mama mia donna Pelegrina de Lacon et de Barusone de Lacon filio meo”, for the souls of “padre meu et...Torbine frade meu”, by charter dated 28 Aug 1198[523]

m (before 27 Oct 1207) PREZIOSA di Massa, daughter of GUGLIELMO di Massa Judge of Cagliari & his second wife Guisiana di Capraia.  Pope Innocent III reprimanded the archbishop of Cagliari for having permitted the marriage of filiam marchionis de Massa” and “Hugonem de Basso” without papal authorisation, dated 27 Oct 1207[524].  Her name is confirmed by the undated charter, probably dated to 1237, under which [her son] “Petrus de Laccono judice de Arborea et visconde de Basso” confirmed the donation made to S. Maria di Bonarcado by “donnu Ugo de Basso padre meu et donna Preciosa de Laccono mamma mea[525]

Ugo & his wife had one child:

1.         PIETRO di Basso (-after 3 Apr 1237).  The testament of "Hugo de Torroja vizconde de Bas" is dated 8 Aug 1218, bequeathes the castles of Espluga and Olmells to "su hermana Eldiardis" and all his rights in Bas to "la esmentada senyora…a atendre al fill d´Uch de Bas"[526].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Judge of ArboreaPetrus de Lacono judice de Arborea et Visconte de Bassu” donated property to the church of S. Martino di Oristano, with the consent of “donna Diana uxore mia regina de Arborea”, by charter dated 18 Jan 1228[527].  “Petrus...vicecomes de Bassu et rege et judicis de Arborea” donated property to the church of S. Maria di Bonarcado, with the consent of “domina Diana viscontissa mugere mea”, by charter dated 1230[528].  “Petrus de Laccono judice de Arborea et visconde de Basso” confirmed the donation made to S. Maria di Bonarcado by “donnu Ugo de Basso padre meu et donna Preciosa de Laccono mamma mea”, with the consent of “donna Diana mugere mea donna de Arborea”, by undated charter, probably dated to 1237[529].  “Iudex Petrus Arboreć” confirmed his allegiance to the papacy for “iudicatum Arboreć” by charter dated 3 Apr 1237[530]m (before 18 Jan 1228) DIANA Visconti, daughter of [UBALDO Visconti podestŕ of Pisa & his wife Constanza di Capraia] (-after 1237).  Petrus de Lacono judice de Arborea et Visconte de Bassu” donated property to the church of S. Martino di Oristano, with the consent of “donna Diana uxore mia regina de Arborea”, by charter dated 18 Jan 1228[531]The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Petrus...vicecomes de Bassu et rege et judicis de Arborea” donated property to the church of S. Maria di Bonarcado, with the consent of “domina Diana viscontissa mugere mea”, by charter dated 1230[532].  “Petrus de Laccono judice de Arborea et visconde de Basso” confirmed the donation made to S. Maria di Bonarcado by “donnu Ugo de Basso padre meu et donna Preciosa de Laccono mamma mea”, with the consent of “donna Diana mugere mea donna de Arborea”, by undated charter, probably dated to 1237[533]

-        JUDGES of ARBOREA[534]

 

 

 

D.      JUDGES of GALLURA (SARDINIA)

 

 

Of the four ruling families in Sardinia, the least information has been found relating to the family of the early judges of Gallura.  The information provided by Fara is incomplete and contradicts what primary source data has been identified[535].  The family relationships, if any, between the first four judges of Gallura who are named below have not yet been ascertained. 

 

 

1.         CONSTANTINO [I] (-after 14 Oct 1073).  Judge of Gallura.  Pope Gregory VII wrote to “Mariano Turrensi, Orroco Arborensi, Orroco Caralitano et Constantino Gallurensi iudicibus Sardinić” dated 14 Oct 1073[536]m ---.  The name of Constantino´s wife is not known.  Constantino & his wife had one child: 

a)         COMITA (-after 8 May 1117).  Donnu Thocor de Gunale” donated property to S. Maria, Pisa, in the presence of “domna Comita filio iudicis Constantini” and with the consent of “episcopi Villani et omnium fratrum meorum”, by charter dated 8 May 1117[537]

 

2.         TORCHITORIO (-before 14 Mar 1114).  Judge of Galluram PADULESA di Gunale, daughter of COMITA --- & his wife --- (-after 14 Mar 1114).  Domna Padulesa de Gunale et filia quondam Comita --- et mulier quondam Torchotori de Zori regis Gallurensis” donated property at Laratano to S. Maria, Pisa by charter dated 14 Mar 1113 (O.S.), witnessed by “iudicis Othocor qui tunc temporis iudex erat[538]

 

3.         OTTOCORRE di Gunale (-after 8 May 1117).  Judge of Gallura.  “Domna Padulesa de Gunale et filia quondam Comita --- et mulier quondam Torchotori de Zori regis Gallurensis” donated property at Laratano to S. Maria, Pisa by charter dated 14 Mar 1113 (O.S.), witnessed by “iudicis Othocor qui tunc temporis iudex erat[539].  “Domnus Orthoccor Gallurensis rex” confirmed donations made to S. Maria, Pisa by “donna Padulese olim regina” by charter dated to [1114/15][540].  “Judex Ithocor de Galluri” donated an annual payment of gold to S. Maria, Pisa, with the support of “mulier judicis et filii”, by charter dated to [1115/16][541].  “Donnu Thocor de Gunale” donated property to S. Maria, Pisa, in the presence of “domna Comita filio iudicis Constantini” and with the consent of “episcopi Villani et omnium fratrum meorum”, by charter dated 8 May 1117[542]

 

 

1.         CONSTANTINO [II] (-before 1173).  Judge of Gallura.  “Judice Barusone de Serra potestate de logu de Arborea” donated property to the church of S. Maria di Bonarcado by undated charter, witnessed by “judice Constantine de Plominos, judice Gunnari de Jugadore, judice Constantine Gallulesa connatu meu[543].  “Iudike Gostantine de Laccon rex Kitefatho” donated property to the churches of S. Felice di Vada, S. Giovanni di Sollili and S. Maria di Gulto in Pisa, with the consent of “muire mea donna Elene de Laccon regina”, by undated charter, maybe dated to [1160][544].  A charter dated 1173 records that “Iudike Gosantine de Laccon rex” donated property to the monastery of S. Felice di Vada, with the consent of “muire mea donna Elene de Laccon regina”, and that “iudike Barusone de Gallul” confirmed this donation made by “patre meu iudike Gosantine[545]m ELENA di Lacon, daughter of ---.  Iudike Gostantine de Laccon rex Kitefatho” donated property to the churches of S. Felice di Vada, S. Giovanni di Sollili and S. Maria di Gulto in Pisa, with the consent of “muire mea donna Elene de Laccon regina”, by undated charter, maybe dated to [1160][546].  A charter dated 1173 records that “Iudike Gosantine de Laccon rex” donated property to the monastery of S. Felice di Vada, with the consent of “muire mea donna Elene de Laccon regina”, and that “iudike Barusone de Gallul” confirmed this donation made by “patre meu iudike Gosantine[547].  Constantino & his wife had one child: 

a)         BARISONE (-[1190/1200]).  Judge of Gallura.  A charter dated 1173 records that “Iudike Gosantine de Laccon rex” donated property to the monastery of S. Felice di Vada, with the consent of “muire mea donna Elene de Laccon regina”, and that “iudike Barusone de Gallul” confirmed this donation made by “patre meu iudike Gosantine[548]m ELENA, daughter of ---.  Tola names Elena as the wife of Barisone Judge of Gallura without specifying the particular primary source on which this information is based[549].  Barisone & his wife had one child: 

i)          daughter .  Tola states that Barisone Judge of Gallura and his wife had one daughter, without specifying the particular primary source on which this information is based, and speculates that she was the same person as “quella principessa di Gallura che Lamberto Visconti nel 1203 o 1205 si tolse per moglie[550]same person as...?  --- The podestŕ and people of Pisa complained to Pope Innocent III that “Lamberto civi Pisiano” had occupied “iudicatum Gallurense” without papal authorisation and married “dominam Gallurensem” to the detriment of “Transmundus domini Papć consobrinus” by charter dated 10 Sep 1207[551]m (before 10 Sep 1207) as his first wife, LAMBERTO Visconti, son of ELDIZIO Visconti consul of Pisa & his wife --- di Cagliari (-[1223/26]). 

 

 

The following family belonged to the Visconti family of Pisa, unrelated it appears to the Visconti family of Milan.  Two brothers, sons of Eldizio Visconti consul of Pisa & his wife ---: 

1.         UBALDO Visconti (-1230).  Governor of Cagliari.  m CONSTANZA di Capraria, daughter of ---.  Ubaldo & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         GIOVANNI Visconti (-1275).  He succeeded his cousin in 1238 as Judge of Galluram --- Gherardesca, daughter of UGOLINO Gherardesca Conte di Donoratico & his wife ---.  Tola names Ugolino as the son of “Giovanni o Chiano fratello di Federigo Visconti arcivescovo di Pisa e da una figliuola del celebre conte Ugolino della Gherardesca”, without specifying the particular primary source on which this information is based[552]Giovanni & his wife had one child: 

i)          UGOLINO Visconti (-Lucca 2 or 9 Jan 1298)Tola names Ugolino as the son of “Giovanni o Chiano fratello di Federigo Visconti arcivescovo di Pisa e da una figliuola del celebre conte Ugolino della Gherardesca”, without specifying the particular primary source on which this information is based[553]Judge of GalluraComes Ugolinus de Donoratico et sexte parte regni Kallari dominus et Ugolinus vicecomes iudex de Gallura et tertie partis regni Kallari dominus potestates et capitanei Pisani communis” appointed proxies to negotiate with the commune of Genoa by charter dated 5 Apr 1288[554]m as her first husband, BEATRICE d'Este, daughter of OBIZZO II Marchese d'Este & his first wife Giacobina Fieschi ([1267]-Milan 1 or 15 Sep 1334).  She married secondly (Modena 24 Jun 1300) Galeazzo [I] Visconti Lord of Milan.  The Annales Veteres Mutinensium record the marriage "in Prato Entesini, Burgi Bajovarić Mutinć" in 1300 of "Azzo Estensis Marchio…dominam Beatricem sororem suam, uxorem olim Judicis de Gallura" and "domino Galeacio filio domini Massei de Vicecomitibus domini Mediolani"[555].  Ugolino & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GIOVANNA Visconti .  Gualvaneo de la Flamma records that "Azum Vicecomitem" had "ex sola matre…sororem Johannam…comitissam Gallurć…tertia pars insulć Sardinić" who appointed her uterine half-brother as her heir[556]

b)         FEDERIGO Visconti ([1200]-Oct 1277).  Archbishop of Pisa 1254. 

c)         [DIANA Visconti (-after 1237)Petrus de Lacono judice de Arborea et Visconte de Bassu” donated property to the church of S. Martino di Oristano, with the consent of “donna Diana uxore mia regina de Arborea”, by charter dated 18 Jan 1228[557].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  “Petrus...vicecomes de Bassu et rege et judicis de Arborea” donated property to the church of S. Maria di Bonarcado, with the consent of “domina Diana viscontissa mugere mea”, by charter dated 1230[558].  “Petrus de Laccono judice de Arborea et visconde de Basso” confirmed the donation made to S. Maria di Bonarcado by “donnu Ugo de Basso padre meu et donna Preciosa de Laccono mamma mea”, with the consent of “donna Diana mugere mea donna de Arborea”, by undated charter, probably dated to 1237[559]m (before 18 Jan 1228) PIETRO di Basso Judge of Arborea, son of UGO PONCE de Bas Judge of Arborea & his wife Preziosa di Massa (-after 3 Apr 1237).] 

2.         LAMBERTO Visconti (-[1223/26])Judge of Gallura.  The podestŕ and people of Pisa complained to Pope Innocent III that “Lamberto civi Pisiano” had occupied “iudicatum Gallurense” without papal authorisation and married “dominam Gallurensem” to the detriment of “Transmundus domini Papć consobrinus” by charter dated 10 Sep 1207[560].  [“Jugi Trogodori de Unali cum donna Benedicta de Lacon muliere mia” confirmed the donation made to the church of S. Giorgio di Suelli by “juigi Pedru” for his soul and those of “filias suas”, by charter dated 30 Sep 1215[561].  It is assumed that this charter refers to Lamberto Visconti, who appears to have been referred by the same alternative name “Trogodori” in the source which follows.  If this is correct, it is assumed that the document is misdated as it appears that Lamberto´s second wife´s first husband was still alive at that date.  “Torgodori...potestando parti de Calari” granted property to “fillu miu Salusi de Laccon” for his marriage to “Dna Adalasia” by charter dated 20 Jul 1219[562].  The name of the bride suggests that this charter refers to the marriage of Ubaldo Visconti, although the references to the names “Torgodori” and “Salusi” have not been explained, unless they were alternative appellations of Lamberto and his son.]  m firstly (before 10 Sep 1207) --- di Gallura, daughter of [BARISONE Judge of Gallura & his wife Elena ---].  Tola states that Barisone Judge of Gallura and his wife had one daughter, without specifying the particular primary source on which this information is based, and speculates that she was the same person as “quella principessa di Gallura che Lamberto Visconti nel 1203 o 1205 si tolse per moglie[563]The podestŕ and people of Pisa complained to Pope Innocent III that “Lamberto civi Pisiano” had occupied “iudicatum Gallurense” without papal authorisation and married “dominam Gallurensem” to the detriment of “Transmundus domini Papć consobrinus” by charter dated 10 Sep 1207[564]m secondly (9 Apr 1220, annulled by the Papacy) as her second husband, BENEDETTA di Massa Judge of Cagliari, widow of BARISONE di Arborea, daughter of GUGLIELMO di Massa Judge of Cagliari & his first wife Adelasia Malaspina ([1194]-Massa [1232/33]).  She married thirdly Enrico di Ceola, and fourthly Conte Rinaldo Gualandi.  The primary sources which confirm her second, third and fourth marriages have not yet been identified.  Lamberto & his first wife had one child: 

a)         UBALDO Visconti (-1238).  [Torgodori...potestando parti de Calari” granted property to “fillu miu Salusi de Laccon” for his marriage to “Dna Adalasia” by charter dated 20 Jul 1219[565].  The name of the bride suggests that this charter refers to the marriage of Ubaldo Visconti, although the references to the names “Torgodori” and “Salusi” have not been explained, unless they were alternative appellations of Lamberto and his son.]  Judge of GalluraAdelasia regina Turritana et Gallurensis” confirmed allegiance to the Pope for “terram iudicatus Turritani”, with the consent of “Hubaldo viro suo iudice Gallurensi et Turritano”, by charter dated 3 Mar 1236[566]"Dominus Hubaldus Judex Gallurensis et Turritanus" confirmed the donation of "totam terram judicatus Turritani" to Pope Gregory IX made by "Domina Adelasia uxore sua", by charter dated Mar 1236[567]m ([20 Jul 1219]) as her first husband, ADELASIA di Torres, daughter of MARIANO [II] Judge of Torres & his wife Agnese di Massa (-1255).  Torgodori...potestando parti de Calari” granted property to “fillu miu Salusi de Laccon” for his marriage to “Dna Adalasia” by charter dated 20 Jul 1219[568]Fara names “Agnetem Guillelmi iudicis Caralitani filiam” as the wife of “Marianus III...iudex Turritanus”, and mother of “Barisonem filium, et Benedictam atque Alasiam filias”, adding that “aliam” married “Baldo iudici Gallurensi” and secondly “Henrico Friderici II imperatoris naturali filio, Encio vulgo appellato” on the advice of “Emmanuele, Friderico, et Prinicipale Aurić[569].  "Adelasia Regina Turritana et Gallurensis" donated "totam terram judicatus Turritani" to Pope Gregory IX by charter dated Mar 1236[570].  The Papal Legate granted "terram judicatus Turritani" to "dominć Adelasić uxori domini Hubaldi judicis Gallurensis" by charter dated Apr 1237[571].  She married secondly as his first wife, Enzio, illegitimate son of Emperor Friedrich II, who succeeded as Judge of Torres, by right of his wife.

 

 

 

E.      JUDGES of TORRES (SARDINIA)

 

 

1.         BARISONE [I] (-[1064/14 Oct 1073]).  Fara records that Leo Cardinal of Ostia installed “duos reges Sardinić...Barisonem et Torquitorium...unum Logudorii, alterum Caralis regem” during the reign of Pope Alexander II in [1060][572].  “Domino Barasone et nepote eius donno Marianus in renno quo dicitur Ore...donnicelo Mariane et donnicelo Petru et donnicelo Comita” donated property to the monastery of S. Benedetto di Monte Cassino by charter dated 1064[573]m ---.  The name of Barisone´s wife is not known.  Barisone [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         MARIANO [I] (-after 14 Oct 1073).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 24 Jun 1147 under which his grandson Gonnarius...Turritanorum rex et dominus” donated property to Monte Cassino before leaving for Jerusalem, in memory of “atavus meus Baraso rex, Marianus avus noster, Constantinus...genitor noster et Marchusa regina uxor eius...[574]Domino Barasone et nepote eius donno Marianus in renno quo dicitur Ore...donnicelo Mariane et donnicelo Petru et donnicelo Comita” donated property to the monastery of S. Benedetto di Monte Cassino by charter dated 1064[575].  Pope Gregory VII wrote to “Mariano Turrensi, Orroco Arborensi, Orroco Caralitano et Constantino Gallurensi iudicibus Sardinić” dated 14 Oct 1073[576]m ---.  The name of Mariano´s wife is not known.  Fara records “Susannam Gunale, seu de Zori” as the wife of “Marianus II in iudicatu Turritano[577].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  Mariano & his wife had one child: 

i)          CONSTANTINO (-[24 May 1120/6 Mar 1131]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 24 Jun 1147 under which his son Gonnarius...Turritanorum rex et dominus” donated property to Monte Cassino before leaving for Jerusalem, in memory of “atavus meus Baraso rex, Marianus avus noster, Constantinus...genitor noster et Marchusa regina uxor eius...[578]Judge of TorresDonnicellu Gunnari de Laccon et muliere mea Elene de Thori et filias meas Vera de Laccon et Susanna de Thori” donated property to Monte Cassino, with the consent of “nostru judice Gostantine de Laccon et...muliere donna Maria de Arrubu”, by charter dated 24 May 1120[579]m MARCUSA [Maria] di Arrubu, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 24 Jun 1147 under which her son Gonnarius...Turritanorum rex et dominus” donated property to Monte Cassino before leaving for Jerusalem, in memory of “atavus meus Baraso rex, Marianus avus noster, Constantinus...genitor noster et Marchusa regina uxor eius...[580].  “Donnicellu Gunnari de Laccon et muliere mea Elene de Thori et filias meas Vera de Laccon et Susanna de Thori” donated property to Monte Cassino, with the consent of “nostru judice Gostantine de Laccon et...muliere donna Maria de Arrubu”, by charter dated 24 May 1120[581].  Constantino & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GONARIO [II] (-after 1153)Judge of TorresJudice Gonnari de...Turri filius quondam Constantini item judicis” donated property to S. Maria, Pisa by charter dated 6 Mar 1131[582]

-         see below

 

 

GONARIO [II], son of CONSTANTINO Judge of Torres & his wife Marcusa [Maria] di Arrubu (-after 1153)Judge of TorresJudice Gonnari de...Turri filius quondam Constantini item judicis” donated property to S. Maria, Pisa by charter dated 6 Mar 1131[583].  “Gonnarius...Turritanorum rex et dominus” donated property to Monte Cassino before leaving for Jerusalem, in memory of “atavus meus Baraso rex, Marianus avus noster, Constantinus...genitor noster et Marchusa regina uxor eius, et consanguinei nostri cum filiis et filiabus, et Comita cum uxore sua Muscundola et Marianus cum uxore sua Iusta, Pera filia Gonnarii, Constantinus de Carvia cum uxore sua Iorgia, Foratus de Gentile cum uxore sua Susanna”, by charter dated 24 Jun 1147[584].  “Judice Barusone de Serra potestate de logu de Arborea” donated property to the church of S. Maria di Bonarcado by undated charter, witnessed by “judice Constantine de Plominos, judice Gunnari de Jugadore, judice Constantine Gallulesa connatu meu[585].  “Judike Gunnari de Laccon” donated property to Monte Cassino, with the consent of “fiju meu Barasone rege et de sa mujere Pretiosa de Orrubu regina”, by charter dated 1153[586]

m ---.  The name of Gonario´s wife is not known.  Fara records “Mariam Elicandi, nobilis Pisani filiam” as the wife of “Genuarius II[587].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence. 

Gonario [II] & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         BARISONE [II] (-after 1191)Judike Gunnari de Laccon” donated property to Monte Cassino, with the consent of “fiju meu Barasone rege et de sa mujere Pretiosa de Orrubu regina”, by charter dated 1153[588]Judge of TorresBaruson iudex de Arborea” made peace with “Barusone iudice Turritano”, including arrangements for property held by the latter “tempore Gunnarii quondam iudicis”, by charter dated 1168[589].  The archbishop of Torres returned property to the monastery of Nurki, with the consent of “iudice Parasone de Laceon e d´essa mujere donna Pretiosa de Orrubi regina e d´essu fiju donnu Gostantine rege”, by charter dated 1170[590].  “Barason...Turritanorum gubernator et rex...cum domina Pretiosa regina uxore mea et Gonstantino iudice filio nostro” founded a leprosarium at Bosue by charter dated 28 May 1178[591]He abdicated after the death of his wife[592]m PREZIOSA di Orrubu, daughter of ---(-[1186]).  Judike Gunnari de Laccon” donated property to Monte Cassino, with the consent of “fiju meu Barasone rege et de sa mujere Pretiosa de Orrubu regina”, by charter dated 1153[593].  The archbishop of Torres returned property to the monastery of Nurki, with the consent of “iudice Parasone de Laceon e d´essa mujere donna Pretiosa de Orrubi regina e d´essu fiju donnu Gostantine rege”, by charter dated 1170[594].  “Barason...Turritanorum gubernator et rex...cum domina Pretiosa regina uxore mea et Gonstantino iudice filio nostro” founded a leprosarium at Bosue by charter dated 28 May 1178[595]Barisone [II] & his wife had [two] children:

a)         COSTANTINO (-after 10 Jun 1191).  The archbishop of Torres returned property to the monastery of Nurki, with the consent of “iudice Parasone de Laceon e d´essa mujere donna Pretiosa de Orrubi regina e d´essu fiju donnu Gostantine rege”, by charter dated 1170[596].  “Barason...Turritanorum gubernator et rex...cum domina Pretiosa regina uxore mea et Gonstantino iudice filio nostro” founded a leprosarium at Bosue by charter dated 28 May 1178[597]Judge of TorresConstantinus...Turritanus iudex filius quondam Baresoni iudicis Turritani” agreed a convention with the commune of Genoa by charter dated 10 Jun 1191, witnessed by “...Orzocor de Lacon filio quondam Barasonis rex et iudex Arborensis Curator de Barberia Dagusti...[598]m ---.  The name of Costantino´s wife is not known.  Fara names “ex Cathalonia prius Drudam, mox ea mortua, Prunisindam” as the two wives of “Constantinus II, vulgo Gantinus de Lacon dictus, Barisonis filius[599].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence. 

b)         [SUSANNA di Lacon Fara names “Susannam” as the daughter of “Barison de Lacon”, records her marriage to “Andreć Aurić nobili Genuensi”, names their child “Danielem”, and adds that “a quo postea Barison, Gavinus, Nicolaus et Petrinus Aurić domini regionis Nurrć processerunt[600].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  A close connection between the Doria and Torres families is probable to explain the inheritance by Babilano, Manuele, Niccolo, Barisone, Petrino and Gavino Doria of parts of the rights in the judgeship of Torres.  m ANDREA Doria, son of ---.] 

2.         [PIETRO (-[1193]).  Fara names “Petro” as the second son of “Genuarius II Lacon, vulgo Gunari de Lacon appellatus”, adding that his father granted him “regionem de Nucari” and recording in a later passage that he succeeded as judge of Cagliari[601].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  Baruson iudex Arborensis” made peace with “Petro iudice Karalitano”, including arrangements for property held by the latter “tempore Costantini quondam iudicis”, by charter dated Dec 1169[602]m [--- di Cagliari, daughter of COSTANTINO [Salusio] [II] Judge of Cagliari & his wife --- (-1163)].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  It is not known whether the information is speculative, designed to explain the succession of her supposed husband to the judgeship of Cagliari.] 

3.         [ITOCORREFara names “Itocaro” as the third son of “Genuarius II Lacon, vulgo Gunari de Lacon appellatus”, adding that his father granted him “regionem Frigić[603].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.] 

4.         COMITA (-1218).  Fara names “Comita” as the fourth son of “Genuarius II Lacon, vulgo Gunari de Lacon appellatus”, adding that his father granted him “regiones Ogani et Anglobis[604]Judge of TorresComita...iudex Turritanus et Maringnanus pater et filius...et ceteros filios nostros” agreed a convention with the commune of Genoa by undated charter, maybe dated to 1191[605].  “Maria de Thori” confirmed a donation to S. Salvatore di Camaldoli, with the consent of “donnu meu iudike Comita de Laccon et dessa mujere donna Agnesa regina et dessu fiju donnu Marine rege”, by charter dated 1 Jul 1210, which also records the separate consent by “Judike Comita de Laccon” of the donation made by “domna Maria de Thori thia mea” naming her husband “donnu Petru de Maroniu[606]"Comita judex Turritanus" donated property to "Girardo" in the name of "nepotum meorum…Manfredo et Agnete filiis quondam Bonifacii filii Manfredi marchionis de Saluciis et filie mee Maria" by charter dated 22 Jan 1215[607].  A charter dated 1216 records a convention between the commune of Genoa and Comita...Iudex Turritanus et Marignanus pater et filius[608]m firstly as her second husband, SINISPELLA, widow of UC PONCE de Cevera Vizconde de Bas, daughter of BARISONE Judge of Arborea King of Sardinia & his first wife Pellegrina de Lacon.  Fara names “Spellam Arboreensem” as the wife of “Comita II, Barisonis quartus filius”, and mother of “Marianum filium, filiasque Mariam et Pretiosam[609].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  m secondly AGNESE di Saluzzo, daughter of MANFREDO II Marchese di Saluzzo & his wife Alasia di Monferrato (-after 31 Mar 1223).  Maria de Thori” confirmed a donation to S. Salvatore di Camaldoli, with the consent of “donnu meu iudike Comita de Laccon et dessa mujere donna Agnesa regina et dessu fiju donnu Marine rege”, by charter dated 1 Jul 1210[610].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Comita & his first wife had [three] children: 

a)         MARIANO [II] (-1233)Comita...iudex Turritanus et Maringnanus pater et filius...et ceteros filios nostros” agreed a convention with the commune of Genoa by undated charter, maybe dated to 1191[611].  “Maria de Thori” confirmed a donation to S. Salvatore di Camaldoli, with the consent of “donnu meu iudike Comita de Laccon et dessa mujere donna Agnesa regina et dessu fiju donnu Marine rege”, by charter dated 1 Jul 1210[612]A charter dated 1216 records a convention between the commune of Genoa and Comita...Iudex Turritanus et Marignanus pater et filius[613]Judge of TorresMarianus...iudex Turritanus et Arborensis” committed to respect agreements with the commune of Genoa by charter dated 7 Sep 1224[614]m as her first husband, AGNESE di Massa-Cagliari, daughter of GUGLIELMO di Massa Judge of Cagliari & his first wife Adelasia Malaspina (-after 28 Oct 1256).  Fara names “Agnetem Guillelmi iudicis Caralitani filiam” as the wife of “Marianus III...iudex Turritanus”, and mother of “Barisonem filium, et Benedictam atque Alasiam filias[615].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  Mariano & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          BARISONE [III] ([1220]-killed 1235).  Fara names “Agnetem Guillelmi iudicis Caralitani filiam” as the wife of “Marianus III...iudex Turritanus”, and mother of “Barisonem filium, et Benedictam atque Alasiam filias[616].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  Judge of TorresBarexonus...iudex Turritanus et Arborensis” renewed commitments to the commune of Genoa, with the advice of “Arzochi de Serra tutoris sive baiuli nostri”, by charter dated 24 Jan 1233[617]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1235 that “Iudex Sardinie Barasonas Mariani filius puer 15 annorum” was cruelly killed by his men (“a suis crudeliter occisus est”) and that his limbs were cut from his torso and mutilated[618]

ii)         [BENEDETTAFara names “Agnetem Guillelmi iudicis Caralitani filiam” as the wife of “Marianus III...iudex Turritanus”, and mother of “Barisonem filium, et Benedictam atque Alasiam filias”, adding that “primam” married “comiti Ampuriensi[619].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.] 

iii)        ADELASIA (-1255).  Fara names “Agnetem Guillelmi iudicis Caralitani filiam” as the wife of “Marianus III...iudex Turritanus”, and mother of “Barisonem filium, et Benedictam atque Alasiam filias”, adding that “aliam” married “Baldo iudici Gallurensi” and secondly “Henrico Friderici II imperatoris naturali filio, Encio vulgo appellato” on the advice of “Emmanuele, Friderico, et Prinicipale Aurić[620].  The Thomas Tusci Gesta Imperatorum et Pontificum refers to the wife of "Hentius filius Frederici" as "domicellam Sardinie" specifying that she brought "Turris" as her dowry[621]Adelasia regina Turritana et Gallurensis” confirmed allegiance to the Pope for “terram iudicatus Turritani”, with the consent of “Hubaldo viro suo iudice Gallurensi et Turritano”, by charter dated 3 Mar 1236[622]The Annales Placentini Gibellini records the marriage in Oct 1238 of "Henzium filium suum [=Frederici] naturalem" and "dominam illius insule [=Sardaniam] nomine damixellam"[623]m firstly UBALDO Visconti Judge of Gallura, son of LAMBERTO Visconti Judge of Gallura & his first wife Elena di Gallura (-1238).  m secondly as his first wife, ENZIO, illegitimate son of Emperor FRIEDRICH II & his mistress Adelheid --- ([1215]-in jail Bologna 11 Mar 1272, bur Bologna San Domenico).  Judge of Torres, by right of his wife. 

b)         MARIA (-after 22 Jan 1215).  Fara names “Spellam Arboreensem” as the wife of “Comita II, Barisonis quartus filius”, and mother of “Marianum filium, filiasque Mariam et Pretiosam[624].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.  A continuation of the Chronica Jacobi de Aquis names "Maria figlola dil Conte di Sardegna" as the wife of "Bonifacio", son of "Manfredo…Marchese…di Salucio"[625].  The marriage contract between "Bonifacium filium Mainfredi marchionis de Saluciis" and "Mariam filiam Comite…Turritane iudicis" is dated 25 Jul 1202[626].  "Comita judex Turritanus" donated property to "Girardo" in the name of "nepotum meorum…Manfredo et Agnete filiis quondam Bonifacii filii Manfredi marchionis de Saluciis et filie mee Maria" by charter dated 22 Jan 1215[627]m (contract 25 Jul 1202) BONIFAZIO di Saluzzo, son of MANFREDO II Marchese di Saluzzo & his wife Alasia di Monferrato (-before 28 Apr 1213). 

c)         [PREZIOSA .  Fara names “Spellam Arboreensem” as the wife of “Comita II, Barisonis quartus filius”, and mother of “Marianum filium, filiasque Mariam et Pretiosam[628].  This information has not been confirmed by primary source evidence.] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    TOSCANA

 

 

 

A.      BIZERNO

 

 

1.         [UGO] Trainello (-before 2 Jul 1159).  m ---.  The name of [Ugo]´s wife is not known.  [Ugo] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [GUIDO (-after 7 May 1165).  "Guidonis et Tedicii comitum qd. Ugolini comitis" are named as present in a charter dated 7 May 1165 under which the abbot of Santa Maria di Serena donated property to Galgano bishop of Volterra[629].] 

b)         TEDICO [V] (-after 1171).  "Comes Tedicius gd. Trainelli et Donnisia iugalis eius f. qd. Guidonis marchionis" sold "tertiam partem castelli de Strido et…in Felagrano, Petramanita, Terenthano, Valiano" to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated 2 Jul 1159 at Biserno, signed by "Comitis Gerardi…Lampretti vicecomitis qd. Truffi…"[630].  [Conte di Montalcino.  "Comes Pannokia et Aldigarda uxor et Pannikino, Rainerius, Ugerius f. et Contessa uxor Rainerii" renounced their claim to "tertia parte medietatis castri Gerfalci" in favour of Galgano bishop of Volterra by charter dated 19 May 1163, in the presence of "…Tedici comitis de Montalcino, Guidonis qd. Ranucci Ardengi…"[631].  "Guidonis et Tedicii comitum qd. Ugolini comitis" are named as present in a charter dated 7 May 1165 under which the abbot of Santa Maria di Serena donated property to Galgano bishop of Volterra[632].]  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record that "comes Ildebrandinus miles signifier et capitaneus…[et] comes Albertus de Prata…comes Gerardus…et Rainerius comes et Ugo comes et comes Tedicius de Bizerno, et Uguicio et Tegrimus comites de Cornino" supported the Pisans in their war against Lucca in 1171[633]m DIONISIA, daughter of GUIDO Marchese & his wife --- (-after 2 Jul 1159).  "Comes Tedicius gd. Trainelli et Donnisia iugalis eius f. qd. Guidonis marchionis" sold "tertiam partem castelli de Strido et…in Felagrano, Petramanita, Terenthano, Valiano" to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated 2 Jul 1159 at Biserno, signed by "Comitis Gerardi…Lampretti vicecomitis qd. Truffi…"[634]

 

 

2.         INGERAMO (-after 8 Feb 1297).  Conte di Bizerno"Ingherramus comes de Biserno capitaneus tallie societatis Tuscie generalis" appointed "Guidonem de Monteforti virum suum" acknowledged a debt by charter dated 8 Feb 1297[635]

 

 

 

B.      COMINO

 

 

1.         UGUICIO (-after 1171).  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record that "comes Ildebrandinus miles signifier et capitaneus…[et] comes Albertus de Prata…comes Gerardus…et Rainerius comes et Ugo comes et comes Tedicius de Bizerno, et Uguicio et Tegrimus comites de Cornino" supported the Pisans in their war against Lucca in 1171[636]

 

2.         TEGRIMO (-after 1171).  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record that "comes Ildebrandinus miles signifier et capitaneus…[et] comes Albertus de Prata…comes Gerardus…et Rainerius comes et Ugo comes et comes Tedicius de Bizerno, et Uguicio et Tegrimus comites de Cornino" supported the Pisans in their war against Lucca in 1171[637]

 

 

 

C.      FLORENCE (GUIDI)

 

 

Consuls were elected in Florence to head the commune from the mid-12th century[638]

 

 

1.         --- .  m IMIGLIA, daughter of ---.  The Sanzanomis Gesta Florentinorum names "comitissa Imigla mater comitis Guidonis", dated to after 1135 from the context[639].  One child: 

a)         GUIDO Guerra (-after [1150]).  The Sanzanomis Gesta Florentinorum records that "Gottofredus episcopus Florentinus patruus comitis Alberti et frater comitis Nontigiuva" was killed in battle by "comitis Guidonis" over their dispute concerning "bonorum olim comitis Ardovini", dated to after 1135 from the context[640]

 

 

1.         GUIDO .  Conte.  m ---.  Guido & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUIDO Guerra (-after 1099).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The son of one of her main supporters in Florence, Matilda Ctss of Tuscany adopted him [20 Jun/Nov] 1099][641]

 

 

1.         GUIDO [III] "il Vecchio" (-1213)Conte [di Casentino].  Mentioned as "consobrinus" of Emperor Friedrich in 1164.  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record that "Christianus archiepiscopus…cum Lucensibus, Senensibus…et comitis Guidi" prepared to invade Pisa in 1173 and captured "castrum Vetrignanum…XVII Kal Sep" from "comitis Gerardi"[642]Conte [di Firenze].  The Annales Senenses record that the Sienese "cum comite Ildibrandino et Orbetani" fled "usque ad Valcortese et Orgiale" after "Montaltum Berardingum" was captured by "Florentinis et Aretinis, comite Guidone, Lombardis et Romaniolis" "XII Kal Jul" in 1207[643].  The Historia of Giovanni Villani records the death in 1213 of "il Conte Guido vecchio" adding that he had five sons of whom one died, and that his ancestors were "d´Alamagna grandi Baroni" who came to Italy and to whom Emperor Otto I granted "il contado di Modigliana in Romagna"[644]m firstly (before 1164, divorced late 1170s) AGNESE di Monferrato, daughter of GUGLIELMO V "il Vecchio" Marchese di Monferrato & his wife Judith of Austria (-1202).  Benvenuto di San Giorgio names "Agnete…moglie di Guido Guerra Conte di Romagna e di Casentino" as one of the daughters of "Guglielmo…e Giulia ovvero Giulita figliuola di Leopoldo Marchese d´Austria" but does not cite the corresponding primary source[645].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  She became a nun at Santa Maria di Rocca delle Donne after her divorce.  "Domina Agnexia filia domini Guilielmi Montisferrati marchionis" renounced her rights in "castro…Podius Bonizosive Martura" in favour of "Rainerio fratri suo et filio suprascripti marchionis" by charter dated 6 May 1178[646]m secondly GUALDRADA, daughter of BELLINCIONE Berti de´ Ravignani & his wife ---.  The Historia of Giovanni Villani records that "il Conte Guido vecchio" married "la figliola di Messer Bellincione Berti de´ Ravignani…Cavaliere di Firenze…Gualdrada"[647].  Guido & his second wife had five children: 

b)         GUGLIELMO .  The Historia of Giovanni Villani names "Guilielmo…" as the oldest son of "il Conte Guido vecchio" and his wife[648]m ---.  Guglielmo & his wife had one child: 

i)          GUIDO "Novello" (-after 1260).  The Historia of Giovanni Villani names "Guilielmo di cui nacque il conte Guido Novello, e´l Conte Simone" as the oldest son of "il Conte Guido vecchio" and his wife[649]Conte [di Firenze].  The Annales Senenses record that the Florentines "cum comite Guido…cum Pratensibus…cum Pistoriensibus…" attacked Siena "XIII Kal Oct" in 1229[650].  The Historia of Giovanni Villani records that "il Conte Guido Novello de´ Conti Guidi" was podestŕ of Florence in 1260[651]

ii)         SIMONE .  The Historia of Giovanni Villani names "Guilielmo di cui nacque il conte Guido Novello, e´l Conte Simone" as the oldest son of "il Conte Guido vecchio" and his wife[652]m ---.  The name of Simone´s wife is not known.  Simone & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GUIDO da Battifolle (-after 1316).  The Historia of Giovanni Villani names "il Conte Guido da Battifolle" as the son of "e´l  Conte Simone"[653].  The Historia of Giovanni Villani records that Robert King of Sicily appointed "il Conte Guido da Battifolle" as his vicar-general in Florence in 1316[654]

c)         RUGGIERI .  The Historia of Giovanni Villani names "Rugieri, onde nacque il Conte Guido Guerra" as the second son of "il Conte Guido vecchio" and his wife[655]m ---.  The name of Rugieri´s wife is not known.  Rugieri & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUIDO Guerra .  The Historia of Giovanni Villani names "Rugieri, onde nacque il Conte Guido Guerra, e´l Conte Salvatico" as the second son of "il Conte Guido vecchio" and his wife[656].  The Historia of Giovanni Villani records that "il Conte Guido Guerra de´ Conti Guidi" led the Florentines in 1255 in a war against Viterbo[657]

ii)         SALVATICO .  The Historia of Giovanni Villani names "Rugieri, onde nacque il Conte Guido Guerra, e´l Conte Salvatico" as the second son of "il Conte Guido vecchio" and his wife[658]

d)         GUIDO .  The Historia of Giovanni Villani names "Guido da Romena" as the third son of "il Conte Guido vecchio" and his wife[659]

e)         TEGRIMO .  The Historia of Giovanni Villani names "Tegrimo" as the fourth son of "il Conte Guido vecchio" and his wife, from whom descended "quelli da Porciano"[660]

f)          son .  The Historia of Giovanni Villani records the death in 1213 of "il Conte Guido vecchio" adding that he had five sons of whom one died[661]

 

 

 

D.      SIGNORI di MANTUA (GONZAGA)

 

 

The Annales Mantuani record consules of Mantua from 1183 until 1299, each holding office for one or sometimes two years only[662].  After the early 13th century, the source more commonly refers to office-holders with the title potestas, but it is clear that this refers to the same office.  The list includes individuals from Bergamo, Padua, Milan, Bologna, Verona and Cremona, as well as members of the family of the marchesi d´Este and certain bishops.  There are few indications that Mantuans were called upon frequently to fill the office.  Throughout this period, the Annales Mantuani provide no indication of a local comital family enjoying any position of influence in Mantua, which contrasts with the case of Verona where the conti de San Bonifazio (also referred to in some sources as conti di Verona) are named in both Veronese and Mantuan sources until the 1260s.  The Annales Mantuani signal the arrival on the Mantuan scene of the "comitibus de Casalolto" (about whom no other information has yet been found) in 1268, when they are recorded as having expelled "Roffinus de Zanichalis et Gaffari cum sua parte", but they were expelled to Gonzaga in 1272[663].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Botexella de Bonacossis primogenitus Johannis primogeniti Pinamontis Principis Mantuanorum" expelled "patruis suis Bardono et Taino tunc Dominis Mantuć" in 1299, with the help of "Domini Alberti I de la Scala de Verona", and acquired "dominium…civitatis Mantuć" and that in 1328 the Gonzaga brothers killed "Dominum Passarinum de Bonacossis" and took the lordship of the city[664]

 

 

 

E.      PISA

 

 

Between its record of the death of Matilda Ctss of Tuscany (in 1115) and the invasion of Lucca by the Pisans "cum comite Guidone" in 1150, the Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record no counts in Pisa[665].  The first mention in the same source of consules in Pisa is the record of events in 1156 "in consulatu Cocci"[666].  The counts remained on the scene in Pisa after the arrival of the consules: the Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record "comitem Guidonem" again in 1159, and "comite Gerardo…comes Guido tunc puer" in 1160[667].  However, the role of the counts in the government of the town was limited as shown in the same source which records that "Ionatta filius Tolomei de Tusculan" came to Pisa in 1161 and swore allegiance to "Villano archiepiscopo Pisanorum et consulibus", without mentioning the counts[668]

 

 

1.         GUIDO (-after Aug 1159).  Conte di PisaThe Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record that the Pisans "cum comite Guidone" destroyed large parts of Lucca in 1150[669].  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record a ten year peace agreed in mid-1159 between the Pisans "et comitem Guidonem et Senenses et Pistorienses et comitem Albertum de Prata" on the one side and "Lucenses et…Florentinos et Pratenses et capitaneos et Garfagninos" on the other[670]

 

2.         GERARDO (-after 23 Aug 1175).  Conte di Pisa.  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record that the Pisan consules sent "Pellarium consulem cum comite Gerardo" to support Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" in the siege of Milan "XV Kal Sep" in 1150[671].  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record the presence of "consules Pisani cum comite Gerardo" at "burgum Sancti Genesii" for the visit "XIII Kal Apr" in 1160 by "Guelfus dux Spoleti marchio Tuscie", adding that "consules Pistorienses et Senenses, et comes Guido tunc puer, et comes Ildebrandinus, et consules Lucenses, Florentini" were also present[672].  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record that "comes Ildebrandinus miles signifier et capitaneus…[et] comes Albertus de Prata…comes Gerardus…et Rainerius comes et Ugo comes et comes Tedicius de Bizerno, et Uguicio et Tegrimus comites de Cornino" supported the Pisans in their war against Lucca in 1171[673].  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record that "Christianus archiepiscopus…cum Lucensibus, Senensibus…et comitis Guidi" prepared to invade Pisa in 1173 and captured "castrum Vetrignanum…XVII Kal Sep" from "comitis Gerardi"[674].  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record the peace signed "X Kal Sep" in 1175 by "comes Gerardus et Ugo Rolandi iudex, legati Pisanorum" with Rome[675]

 

3.         GUIDO (-after 1160).  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record the presence of "consules Pisani cum comite Gerardo" at "burgum Sancti Genesii" for the visit "XIII Kal Apr" in 1160 by "Guelfus dux Spoleti marchio Tuscie", adding that "consules Pistorienses et Senenses, et comes Guido tunc puer, et comes Ildebrandinus, et consules Lucenses, Florentini" were also present, but that a dispute arose between "Lucenses et Florentini…cum comite Guidone" and that "comes Guido tunc puer" was forced to flee to the duke[676]

 

4.         MARCO (-after 1172).  Conte di PisaThe Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record that the Pisans sent "Albertus quondam Bulsi consul, Burgundius iuris…atque Marcus comes" on a mission to Constantinople in 1172[677]

 

 

 

F.      PRATA

 

 

1.         ALBERTO (-after 1171).  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record a ten year peace agreed in mid-1159 between the Pisans "et comitem Guidonem et Senenses et Pistorienses et comitem Albertum de Prata" on the one side and "Lucenses et…Florentinos et Pratenses et capitaneos et Garfagninos" on the other[678].  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record that "comes Ildebrandinus miles signifier et capitaneus…[et] comes Albertus de Prata…comes Gerardus…et Rainerius comes et Ugo comes et comes Tedicius de Bizerno, et Uguicio et Tegrimus comites de Cornino" supported the Pisans in their war against Lucca in 1171[679]

 

 

 

G.      SIENA

 

 

References to counts in Siena, belonging to the Aldobrandeschi family, have been found in the late 12th and early 13th centuries.  No further references either to counts or any other governing authority in Siena have been found between 1225 and 1265 when the Annales Senenses record that "domino Inghirano de Gorzano capitaneo Senensem populum gubernante" captured "civitas Grosseti" from "Patiglano et…Sancta Flora comites"[680].  It is assumed that, as with most other northern Italian cities in the mid-13th century, the government of Siena was transferred to appointed or elected consules or capitanes some time during that period, but the precise date when this happened in Siena has not yet been identified.  No further references to the Sienese government are found in the Annales Senenses until 1343 when "dominus Franciscus de Montone" is referred to as "generalis capitaneus guerre civitatis Senensis" when recording that he subjugated the city of Florence[681].  A statement in a later passage in the same source refers to "communi Senarum" in 1359[682], which appears to confirm that Siena was a self-governing city by that time.  A curious aspect of the history of Siena is that the Annales Senenses continue to refer to "comitatus Senensi" until 1363, although no reference is found to any counts[683]

 

 

1.         --- .  m DONNISIA, daughter of ---.  Two children: 

a)         ILDEBRANDINO (-after 2 Jan 1159).  "Ildibrandinus comes filius comitisse Donnisie" restored property to the monastery of Santo Salvatore by charter dated Nov 1154[684].  "Aldebrandinus comes de Calmaniare…et…pro Bernardino fratre meo" pledged "castrum Preceni et castrum Ripeceni…posita territorio Urbevetano" to the Papacy by charter dated 2 Jan 1159[685]

b)         BERNARDO .  "Aldebrandinus comes de Calmaniare…et…pro Bernardino fratre meo" pledged "castrum Preceni et castrum Ripeceni…posita territorio Urbevetano" to the Papacy by charter dated 2 Jan 1159[686]

 

2.         --- .  m GEMMA, daughter of --- (-after Sep 1161).  The Annales Pisani record that "fideles comitis Ildebrandini Novelli, filii quondam Uguiconis de Malagalia" captured Pisan ships in Aug/Sep 1161, that "Coccus consul" prepared for war and threatened "Gema comitissa et comes Ildebrandinus filius eius"[687].  One child: 

a)         ILDEBRANDINO [VI] ([1138/45]-).  Conte [di Siena].  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record the presence of "consules Pisani cum comite Gerardo" at "burgum Sancti Genesii" for the visit "XIII Kal Apr" in 1160 by "Guelfus dux Spoleti marchio Tuscie", adding that "consules Pistorienses et Senenses, et comes Guido tunc puer, et comes Ildebrandinus, et consules Lucenses, Florentini" were also present[688].  The Annales Pisani record that "fideles comitis Ildebrandini Novelli, filii quondam Uguiconis de Malagalia" captured Pisan ships in Aug/Sep 1161, that "Coccus consul" prepared for war and threatened "Gema comitissa et comes Ildebrandinus filius eius", that "comes…Ildabrandinus cum episcopo de Massa et episcopo de Soana" went to Pisa on the advice of "matris" and swore allegiance to "Villano archiepiscopo Pisanorum" in order to settle the dispute[689].  A charter dated 30 Apr 1162 at Siena records an arbitration before "Ildibrandinus, Baroncellus, Bonone, Russus consoles Senenses" concerning a dispute between Galgano bishop of Volterra and "comite Ildebrandino" concerning "castro Gerfalchi", of which one third each were held by the bishop, Ildebrandino and "iure feodi Pannocchie…Rainerii"[690].  "Ildebrandinus comes…[et] Gualgano ep." renounced their claim against each other to "medietatem castri Gerfalci" by charter dated 31 May 1162 at Montieri[691].  The Annales Pisani record that "comes Ildebrandinus" swore allegiance to "universe populo Pisano" in May 1163[692].  This repetition of his allegiance suggests that Ildebrandino had reached the age of majority at that time.  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record that "comes Ildebrandinus miles signifier et capitaneus…[et] comes Albertus de Prata…comes Gerardus…et Rainerius comes et Ugo comes et comes Tedicius de Bizerno, et Uguicio et Tegrimus comites de Cornino" supported the Pisans in their war against Lucca in 1171[693].  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record that "comes Ildebrandinus" captured "castrum…Cirisano" with Pisan support in 1173[694].  The Annales Senenses record that "comes Ildibrandinus" was captured by the Sienese "XVII Kal Sep" in 1175[695]m ---.  The name of Ildebrando´s wife is not known.  Ildebrando & his wife had one child: 

i)          ILDEBRANDO (-[May 1221/7 Aug 1225]).  Conte [di Siena].  The Annales Senenses record that the Sienese "cum comite Ildibrandino et Orbetani" fled "usque ad Valcortese et Orgiale" after "Montaltum Berardingum" was captured by "Florentinis et Aretinis, comite Guidone, Lombardis et Romaniolis" "XII Kal Jul" in 1207[696].  "Ildebrandus…Comes Palatinus, quondam Comitis Ildebrandi Palatini" issued a charter dated 19 Sep 1213 confirming a grant of property[697].  Emperor Friedrich II confirmed dispositions made by "Ildebrandus Comes Palatinus de Tuscia" by charter dated May 1221[698]m ---.  The name of Ildebrando´s wife is not known.  Ildebrando & his wife had two children: 

(a)       GUGLIELMO (-after 8 Jul 1226).  "Guilielmo et Bonifatio comitibus palatinus qd. comitis Ildebrandini" confirmed the rights of the people of "castrum de Montegemmoli" by charter dated 8 Jul 1226[699]m ---.  The name of Guglielmo´s wife is not known.  Guglielmo & his wife had two children: 

(1)       ILDEBRANDINO Rosso (-before 15 Jul 1285).  A charter dated 15 Mar 1257 records an agreement between the commun of Volterra and "Ildibrandinum et Umbertum fratres comites f. olim Guillielmi comitis" concerning "castro Montisgemmoli et castro Sillani"[700].  Conte di Anguillara.  m ---.  The name of Ildobrandino´s wife is not known.  Ildebrandino & his wife had one child: 

a.         MARGHERITA (-Rome [1313]).  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the marriage "Viterbii…die Sancti Laurentii" 10 Aug [1270] of "Guido de Monteforti" and "filiam et hćredem comitis Rubei"[701].  The Chronicle of Thomas Wykes records that “Guidone [de Monteforti]” married “comite Rufo…filiam[702]The Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis records that "Guido de Monte forti...filius Simonis de Monte forti" married "comite Rubeo...filiam" when recording his father-in-law´s death in Tuscany in 1283[703]"Guido comes de Monteforte in Tuscia comes palatinus et vir Margarete nate qd. Ildebrandini Rubei comitis palatini" agreed to arbitration relating to a dispute involving "castri Montisgemoli" by charter dated 15 and 17 Jul 1285[704].  "Margarita comitissa palatina f. b. m. Ildibrandini comitis dicti Rubei" appointed "Guidonem de Monteforti virum suum" as her proxy in negotiations with "Ildebrandino Novello, Bonifatio, Umberto, Herrigo, Guillielmo, Guidone comitibus palatinis f. qd. Ildebrandini comitis palatini dicti de Sancta Flora" by charter dated 6 Aug 1286[705]m firstly (Viterbo 10 Aug 1270) GUY de Montfort, son of SIMON de Montfort Earl of Leicester & his wife Eleanor of England ([1240/45]-Sicily 1291).  m secondly NELLO di Margiante Pannocchieschi, son of ---.  m thirdly (1292) ORSELLO Orsini, son of RINALDO Orsini Signore di Monterotondo & his second wife Ocilenda --- (-Oct 1295).  Podestŕ di Orvieto. 

(2)       UMBERTO (-after 15 Mar 1257).  A charter dated 15 Mar 1257 records an agreement between the commun of Volterra and "Ildibrandinum et Umbertum fratres comites f. olim Guillielmi comitis" concerning "castro Montisgemmoli et castro Sillani"[706]

(b)       BONIFAZIO (-after 8 Jul 1226).  "Dominus Bonifacius…Comes Palatinus, filius olim Comitis Ildebrandini" swore allegiance to the Pope and to Emperor Friedrich II by charter dated 7 Aug 1225[707].  "Guilielmo et Bonifatio comitibus palatinus qd. comitis Ildebrandini" confirmed the rights of the people of "castrum de Montegemmoli" by charter dated 8 Jul 1226[708]

 

 

 

H.      VOLTERRA

 

 

1.         NOTTIGIOVI (-before 3 Sep 1150).  m ---.  The name of Nottigiovi´s wife is not known.  Nottigiovi & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALBERTO dei´Contalberti (-after 3 Sep 1150).  "Albertus comes f. b. m. Nottigiove item comitis" sold property "in Montevaso", given "mihi a Iohanne iudice ordinario et Orrabilis comitissa mater ipsius", with the consent of "Guidone tutore", to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated 3 Sep 1150 "in caustro de Ugnano in comitatu Florent.", signed by "Alberti et Orrabilis, Guidone tutoris…"[709]m ---.  The name of Alberto´s wife is not known.  Alberto & his wife had one child: 

i)          RINALDO di Monterotondo (-after 11 May 1213).  Conte di Volterra.  A charter dated 28 Feb 1207 records a peace agreement between "Gerardo Curtevechie Pis." and "Rainaldo comite Vult."[710].  "Rainaldus comes qd. comitis Alberti" agreed with "Gullo qd Faville potestati Vult." to be at peace with the people of Volterra by charter dated 11 May 1213 at Ghizzano[711].  "Rainaldus comes qd. comitis Alberti" sold "in cassaro et curte de Castelnovo" to "Gullo potestati Vult." by charter dated 11 May 1213 "in castro de Ghegzano" {Ghizzano}[712]m GILIA, daughter of ENRICO & his wife --- (-after 26 May 1213).  "Gilia uxor comitis Rainaldi et qd. Henrigi" consented to the sale by her husband in the preceding document by charter dated 26 May 1213 "in castro de Ilci in palatio comitis Rainaldi"[713]

2.         GODOFREDO (-killed in battle [1150]).  Bishop of Florence.  The Sanzanomis Gesta Florentinorum records that "Gottofredus episcopus Florentinus patruus comitis Alberti et frater comitis Nontigiuva" was killed in battle by "comitis Guidonis" over a dispute concerning "bonorum olim comitis Ardovini", dated to after 1135 from the context[714]

 

 

 

I.        OTHER COUNTS in TUSCANY (ALDOBRANDESCHI)

 

 

1.         ILDEBRANDINO di Santa Fiora (-before 6 Aug 1286).  m GIOVANNA, daughter of ---.  "Comites Ildebrandinus Novellus, Bonifatius, Herrigus, Guillelmus, Guido f. b. m. Ildebrandini comitis palatini dicti de Sancta Flora" agreed the division of their territories, including those held by "Iohanna comitissa mater eorum" by charter dated 2 Aug 1297[715].  Ildebrandino & his wife had six children: 

a)         ILDEBRANDINO Novello (-after 2 Aug 1297).  "Margarita comitissa palatina f. b. m. Ildibrandini comitis dicti Rubei" appointed "Guidonem de Monteforti virum suum" as her proxy in negotiations with "Ildebrandino Novello, Bonifatio, Umberto, Herrigo, Guillielmo, Guidone comitibus palatinis f. qd. Ildebrandini comitis palatini dicti de Sancta Flora" by charter dated 6 Aug 1286[716].  "Ildebrandinus Novellus comes palatinus qd. Ildebrandini comitis palatini de Sancta Flora" appointed "Henricum comitem palatinum qd. comitis Ildebrandini palatini absentum" as proxy in the division of properties agreed with his brothers by charter dated 21 Mar 1297[717].  "Comites Ildebrandinus Novellus, Bonifatius, Herrigus, Guillelmus, Guido f. b. m. Ildebrandini comitis palatini dicti de Sancta Flora" agreed the division of their territories, including those held by "Iohanna comitissa mater eorum", under which "Ildibrandini Novelli" received "parties Rocchestrade…in castris Silani, Montisgemoli, Suvereti ---, castro Pietre, baronia et iuribus in castro Batagnani in civitate Massa, in castro Scherlini, in castro Iungharico…", by charter dated 2 Aug 1297[718]

b)         BONIFAZIO (-after 2 Aug 1297).  "Margarita comitissa palatina f. b. m. Ildibrandini comitis dicti Rubei" appointed "Guidonem de Monteforti virum suum" as her proxy in negotiations with "Ildebrandino Novello, Bonifatio, Umberto, Herrigo, Guillielmo, Guidone comitibus palatinis f. qd. Ildebrandini comitis palatini dicti de Sancta Flora" by charter dated 6 Aug 1286[719].  "Comites Ildebrandinus Novellus, Bonifatius, Herrigus, Guillelmus, Guido f. b. m. Ildebrandini comitis palatini dicti de Sancta Flora" agreed the division of their territories, including those held by "Iohanna comitissa mater eorum", under which "Bonifatii" received "baronia et iuribus in Yschia cum parte habent in Grosseto, quarta parte castri Capalb[ii---] et in Petrolla, in Castellardo, in civitate Castri", by charter dated 2 Aug 1297[720]

c)         UMBERTO (-[6 Aug 1286/2 Aug 1297]).  "Margarita comitissa palatina f. b. m. Ildibrandini comitis dicti Rubei" appointed "Guidonem de Monteforti virum suum" as her proxy in negotiations with "Ildebrandino Novello, Bonifatio, Umberto, Herrigo, Guillielmo, Guidone comitibus palatinis f. qd. Ildebrandini comitis palatini dicti de Sancta Flora" by charter dated 6 Aug 1286[721]

d)         ENRICO (-after 2 Aug 1297).  "Margarita comitissa palatina f. b. m. Ildibrandini comitis dicti Rubei" appointed "Guidonem de Monteforti virum suum" as her proxy in negotiations with "Ildebrandino Novello, Bonifatio, Umberto, Herrigo, Guillielmo, Guidone comitibus palatinis f. qd. Ildebrandini comitis palatini dicti de Sancta Flora" by charter dated 6 Aug 1286[722].  "Ildebrandinus Novellus comes palatinus qd. Ildebrandini comitis palatini de Sancta Flora" appointed "Henricum comitem palatinum qd. comitis Ildebrandini palatini absentum" as proxy in the division of properties agreed with his brothers by charter dated 21 Mar 1297[723].  "Comites Ildebrandinus Novellus, Bonifatius, Herrigus, Guillelmus, Guido f. b. m. Ildebrandini comitis palatini dicti de Sancta Flora" agreed the division of their territories, including those held by "Iohanna comitissa mater eorum", under which "Herrigi" received "parties Sancte Flore cum castello patris --- et iuribus in Roccha Albegne et Petra, heremo et villa Sancte Trinitate", by charter dated 2 Aug 1297[724]

e)         GUGLIELMO (-after 2 Aug 1297).  "Margarita comitissa palatina f. b. m. Ildibrandini comitis dicti Rubei" appointed "Guidonem de Monteforti virum suum" as her proxy in negotiations with "Ildebrandino Novello, Bonifatio, Umberto, Herrigo, Guillielmo, Guidone comitibus palatinis f. qd. Ildebrandini comitis palatini dicti de Sancta Flora" by charter dated 6 Aug 1286[725].  "Comites Ildebrandinus Novellus, Bonifatius, Herrigus, Guillelmus, Guido f. b. m. Ildebrandini comitis palatini dicti de Sancta Flora" agreed the division of their territories, including those held by "Iohanna comitissa mater eorum", under which "comitis Guillielmi" received "partes Malliani…Sanprugnani…et aliis iuribus in Cinsiano, Frachilasci, iuribus in Rocchetta, Sanpugn[ano]--- gana et Bermina", by charter dated 2 Aug 1297[726]

f)          GUIDO (-after 2 Aug 1297).  "Margarita comitissa palatina f. b. m. Ildibrandini comitis dicti Rubei" appointed "Guidonem de Monteforti virum suum" as her proxy in negotiations with "Ildebrandino Novello, Bonifatio, Umberto, Herrigo, Guillielmo, Guidone comitibus palatinis f. qd. Ildebrandini comitis palatini dicti de Sancta Flora" by charter dated 6 Aug 1286[727].  "Comites Ildebrandinus Novellus, Bonifatius, Herrigus, Guillelmus, Guido f. b. m. Ildebrandini comitis palatini dicti de Sancta Flora" agreed the division of their territories, including those held by "Iohanna comitissa mater eorum", under which "Guidonis" received "parties Castilionis vallis Urcie cum castro Schanzani, quarta parte Capalvi, baronia Castigloncelli Stribaglani", by charter dated 2 Aug 1297[728]

 

 

 

K.      OTHER COUNTS in TUSCANY (ARDENGHESCHI)

 

 

1.         RANUCCIOm ---.  The name of Ranuccio´s wife is not known.  Rainuccio & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUIDO dell´Ardenghesca (-after 19 May 1163).  A charter dated 23 May 1158 records an agreement between the bishop of Volterra and "Pannockiam comitem" concerning "divisione castelli Gerfalci" and property acquired from "Guidoni comiti qd Ranuccii comitis…"[729].  "Comes Pannokia et Aldigarda uxor et Pannikino, Rainerius, Ugerius f. et Contessa uxor Rainerii" renounced their claim to "tertia parte medietatis castri Gerfalci" in favour of Galgano bishop of Volterra by charter dated 19 May 1163, in the presence of "…Tedici comitis de Montalcino, Guidonis qd. Ranucci Ardengi…"[730]

b)         GUGLIELMO (-after 14 Jan 1161).  "Guillelmus comes qd. Rainucini item comitis" sold "omnia…in castello et podio Montecuccari et…in castellis et podiis Camporena, Laiatico, Ghiecziano, Cecdre et in curte de Ringngniano" to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated 14 Jan 1161 at Volterra[731].  

 

 

 

L.      OTHER COUNTS in TUSCANY (GHERARDESCHI)

 

 

1.         RANIERI (-before 23 Jul 1109).  m ---.  The name of Ranieri´s wife is not known.  Ranieri & his wife had two children: 

a)         RANIERI (-after 17 Feb 1115).  "Raginerius comes f. qd. Raginerii comitis" donated to "ecc. s. Marie et s. Benedicti in Morrona" his part of property acquired by the monastery from "Ugicione comite et Cilia uxore et filiis", for the souls of "…Dine uxoris", by charter dated 17 Feb 1115[732]m DINA, daughter of --- (-after 17 Feb 1115).  "Gualandus qui Maluscomes vocor f. qd. Rainerii" donated "med. de omnibus rebus meis que mihi pertinent ex patre, matre, per divisionem a Rainerio gg. meo et uxore sua Dina" to "ecclesie s. Marie Vult.", at the request of "Dina", by charter dated 23 Jul 1109 at Pava, signed by "Gualandi Malicomitis, Gualandi qd Saraceni avunculi Malicomitis, Ugolin qd Guidonis comitis…"[733].  "Raginerius comes f. qd. Raginerii comitis" donated to "ecc. s. Marie et s. Benedicti in Morrona" his part of property acquired by the monastery from "Ugicione comite et Cilia uxore et filiis", for the souls of "…Dine uxoris", by charter dated 17 Feb 1115[734]

b)         GUALANDO (-before 23 Jul 1109).  "Gualandus qui Maluscomes vocor f. qd. Rainerii" donated "med. de omnibus rebus meis que mihi pertinent ex patre, matre, per divisionem a Rainerio gg. meo et uxore sua Dina" to "ecclesie s. Marie Vult.", at the request of "Dina", by charter dated 23 Jul 1109 at Pava, signed by "Gualandi Malicomitis, Gualandi qd Saraceni avunculi Malicomitis, Ugolin qd Guidonis comitis…"[735]

 

2.         GERARDOm ---.  The name of Gerardo´s wife is not known.  Gerardo & his wife had three children: 

a)         GERARDO (-after 2 Jun 1154).  "Gerardus et Rainerius gg. et comites f. qd. Gerardi item comitis" donated property "in castello Guardistallo", and "in castello Biboni" which "Gerardus cum Henrigo comitis qd germano meo" bought from "Maria comitissa relicta Rubertini comitis et gd Albertini filia" and from "Henrigketto t Rubertino gg et comitibus f. qd. Rubertini comitis", to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated 2 Jun 1154[736]

b)         ENRICO (-before 2 Jun 1154).  "Gerardus et Rainerius gg. et comites f. qd. Gerardi item comitis" donated property "in castello Guardistallo", and "in castello Biboni" which "Gerardus cum Henrigo comitis qd germano meo" bought from "Maria comitissa relicta Rubertini comitis et gd Albertini filia" and from "Henrigketto t Rubertino gg et comitibus f. qd. Rubertini comitis", to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated 2 Jun 1154[737]

c)         RANIERI (-after 2 Jun 1154).  "Gerardus et Rainerius gg. et comites f. qd. Gerardi item comitis" donated property "in castello Guardistallo", and "in castello Biboni" which "Gerardus cum Henrigo comitis qd germano meo" bought from "Maria comitissa relicta Rubertini comitis et gd Albertini filia" and from "Henrigketto t Rubertino gg et comitibus f. qd. Rubertini comitis", to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated 2 Jun 1154[738]m ERMINIA, daughter of ALAOTTO & his wife --- (-after 1 Jul 1154).  "Erminia comitissa, Rainerii comitis uxor, f. Alaotti" consented to the preceding donation, at the request of "Gerardus et Rainerius comites", by charter dated 1 Jul 1154[739]

 

3.         TEUDICO [IV] .  m ---.  The name of Teudico´s wife is not known.  Teudico & his wife had one child: 

a)         SUFIA (-after 23 Nov 1118).  "Raginerius f. qd. Pustibi et Sufiia f. qd. Tedici comes, iugales, Sufia interrogata per f. suis Atitio et Arduini" sold "castri de Queerciito…intus civitatem Volot." to "Guidoni prelato" by charter dated 23 Nov 1118[740]m RANIERI, son of PUSTIBO & his wife --- (-after 23 Nov 1118). 

 

4.         GERARDO [VII] Gherardesca (-after 2 Jul 1159).  "Comes Tedicius gd. Trainelli et Donnisia iugalis eius f. qd. Guidonis marchionis" sold "tertiam partem castelli de Strido et…in Felagrano, Petramanita, Terenthano, Valiano" to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated 2 Jul 1159 at Biserno, signed by "Comitis Gerardi…Lampretti vicecomitis qd. Truffi…"[741]

 

 

1.         UGOLINO Gherardesca of Pisa .  Conte di Donoratico.  The executors of the testament of Henrizi...regis Sardinić filii quondam dom. Friderici Romanorum imperatoris”, as “procuratori...dom comitis Ugolini quondam dom. Guelfi comitis de Donoratico”, sold “sextć partis regni Charallitani” to “Henrizi et Ugolini dicti Nini et Iacobi dicti Lapi filiorum...domine Ellene filić olim predicti domini Henrizi et uxoris...Guelfi comitis de Donoratico patris dictorum zermanorum” by charter dated 6 Nov 1272[742].  m ---.  The name of Ugolino´s wife is not known.  Ugolino & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUELFO Gherardesca (-1295)m ELENA, daughter of ENZIO King of Sardinia [Staufen] & his [first wife Adelasia di Torres/second wife --- di Egna] (-[before 16 Mar 1272]).  The testament of Henricus...rex Sardinie”, dated 16 Mar 1272, appointed “Henrico et Ugolino nepotibus...ex...filia nostra Helena et viro...Guelfo de Donoratico genero nostro natos” as his heirs, specifically in “regno nostro Sardinie[743].  The appointment of her sons as heirs to Sardinia suggests that their mother must have been the testator´s daughter by his first marriage.  However, Fara (writing in 1579) states that Adelasia di Torres died childless and bequeathed Torres to Pope Gregory IX by her testament[744].  Guelfo & his wife had three children: 

i)          ENRICO Gherardesca (-[6 Nov 1272/5 Apr 1288]).  The testament of Henricus...rex Sardinie”, dated 16 Mar 1272, appointed “Henrico et Ugolino nepotibus...ex...filia nostra Helena et viro...Guelfo de Donoratico genero nostro natos” as his heirs, specifically in “regno nostro Sardinie[745]The executors of the testament of Henrizi...regis Sardinić filii quondam dom. Friderici Romanorum imperatoris”, as “procuratori...dom comitis Ugolini quondam dom. Guelfi comitis de Donoratico”, sold “sextć partis regni Charallitani” to “Henrizi et Ugolini dicti Nini et Iacobi dicti Lapi filiorum...domine Ellene filić olim predicti domini Henrizi et uxoris...Guelfi comitis de Donoratico patris dictorum zermanorum” by charter dated 6 Nov 1272[746]. 

ii)         UGOLINO Gherardesca (-[5 Apr 1288/15 Jul 1292]).  The testament of Henricus...rex Sardinie”, dated 16 Mar 1272, appointed “Henrico et Ugolino nepotibus...ex...filia nostra Helena et viro...Guelfo de Donoratico genero nostro natos” as his heirs, specifically in “regno nostro Sardinie[747]The executors of the testament of Henrizi...regis Sardinić filii quondam dom. Friderici Romanorum imperatoris”, as “procuratori...dom comitis Ugolini quondam dom. Guelfi comitis de Donoratico”, sold “sextć partis regni Charallitani” to “Henrizi et Ugolini dicti Nini et Iacobi dicti Lapi filiorum...domine Ellene filić olim predicti domini Henrizi et uxoris...Guelfi comitis de Donoratico patris dictorum zermanorum” by charter dated 6 Nov 1272[748].  Judge of Cagliari (part).  Comes Ugolinus de Donoratico et sexte parte regni Kallari dominus et Ugolinus vicecomes iudex de Gallura et tertie partis regni Kallari dominus potestates et capitanei Pisani communis” appointed proxies to negotiate with the commune of Genoa by charter dated 5 Apr 1288[749]m ---.  The name of Ugolino´s wife is not known.  Ugolino & his wife had four children: 

(a)       GUELFO GherardescaA charter dated 14 Jul 1292 records the appointment of a proxy for Matheo filio bone memorie...Ugolini comitis de Donaratico ac fratri dominorum comitum Guelfi et Locti” to confirm an agreement between “dictum dominum comitem Loctum” and the commune of Genoa[750]

(b)       LOTTO GherardescaA charter dated 14 Jul 1292 records the appointment of a proxy for Matheo filio bone memorie...Ugolini comitis de Donaratico ac fratri dominorum comitum Guelfi et Locti” to confirm an agreement between “dictum dominum comitem Loctum” and the commune of Genoa[751].  “Comes Lotus de Donoratico pro se...et nomine...comitis Guelfi et Mathei fratrum ipsius” reached agreement with the commune of Genoa regarding possessions in Cagliari by charter dated 16 Sep 1292[752]

(c)       daughter .  Tola names Ugolino as the son of “Giovanni o Chiano fratello di Federigo Visconti arcivescovo di Pisa e da una figliuola del celebre conte Ugolino della Gherardesca”, without specifying the particular primary source on which this information is based[753]m GIOVANNI Visconti, son of UBALDO Visconti & his wife Costanza di Capraria (-1275). 

(d)       MATTEO Gherardesca ([1279/84]-).  A charter dated 14 Jul 1292 records the appointment of a proxy for Matheo filio bone memorie...Ugolini comitis de Donaratico ac fratri dominorum comitum Guelfi et Locti” to confirm an agreement between “dictum dominum comitem Loctum” and the commune of Genoa, stating that Matteo was “maioris annis octo et minoris annis quatuordecim[754].  “Matheus filius bone memorie...quondam domini comitis Ugolini de Donnoratico”, with the consent of “domini Riccomi Bulgarini curatoris dicti Mathei”, ratified an offer made to the commune of Genoa by “comitem Lotum” by charter dated 15 Jul 1292[755]

iii)        GIACOPO GherardescaThe executors of the testament of Henrizi...regis Sardinić filii quondam dom. Friderici Romanorum imperatoris”, as “procuratori...dom comitis Ugolini quondam dom. Guelfi comitis de Donoratico”, sold “sextć partis regni Charallitani” to “Henrizi et Ugolini dicti Nini et Iacobi dicti Lapi filiorum...domine Ellene filić olim predicti domini Henrizi et uxoris...Guelfi comitis de Donoratico patris dictorum zermanorum” by charter dated 6 Nov 1272[756]

 

 

1.         GERARDO Gherardescam ---.  The name of Gerardo´s is not known.  Gerardo & his wife had one child: 

a)         TECCIA (-after 15 Dec 1289).  A charter dated 15 Dec 1289 records the appointment of Tomasum filium comitis Rodulfi de Capraria” as proxy for “domina contessa vidua...Teccia vocatur filia q. domini comitis Gerardi de Donoratico, et uxor olim...comitis Anselmi quondam dom. comitis Bertoldi de Capraria”, witnessed by “Guglielmus quond. dom. Guglielmi iudicis Arboree...[757]m ANSELMO Conte di Capraria, son of BERTOLDO Conte di Capraria & his wife --- (-before 15 Dec 1289). 

 

 

 

M.     OTHER COUNTS in TUSCANY (PANNOCCHIESCHI)

 

 

1.         ILDEBRANDO (-before 19 Apr 1073).  m ---.  The name of Ildebrando´s wife is not known.  Ildebrando & his wife had three children: 

a)         ILDEBRANDO (-after 1084).  A charter dated 19 Apr 1073 "in comitato Arretino in villa…Atagerra" records a judgment in the presence of "Ildebrando comes filius quondam item Ildibrandi et Raineri et Ugicione germanis filii predicti Eldi Ildibrandi comes…", involving "Willa comitissa relita bone memorie Rainieri et filia quondam item Rainieri cum filiis suis…Bernardo comes fillius quondam Ardingi…comes et Ugo filius quondam Supi tutori eorum"[758].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the privileges of Farfa monastery by charter dated 1084 which names "Hildebrandus dux" and includes a record of property donated by "Rainerius comes filius Saxonis comitis…et filius eiusdem Rainerii Saxonis"[759]

b)         RANIERI (-after 19 Apr 1073).  A charter dated 19 Apr 1073 "in comitato Arretino in villa…Atagerra" records a judgment in the presence of "Ildebrando comes filius quondam item Ildibrandi et Raineri et Ugicione germanis filii predicti Eldi Ildibrandi comes…"[760]

c)         UGUICCIO Tezici (-after 19 Apr 1073).  A charter dated 19 Apr 1073 "in comitato Arretino in villa…Atagerra" records a judgment in the presence of "Ildebrando comes filius quondam item Ildibrandi et Raineri et Ugicione germanis filii predicti Eldi Ildibrandi comes…"[761]m ---.  Uguiccio & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          ROBERTO (-[Jan 1144/2 Jun 1154]).  "Rubertinus comes f. qd. Uguiccionis" donated property "de castello et curte de Vignale et curtibus de Rignano et Cedule" to "eccl. s. Marie et canonice s. Octaviani" by charter dated Jan 1144[762]m MARIA, daughter of ALBERTINO & his wife --- (-after 2 Jun 1154).  "Gerardus et Rainerius gg. et comites f. qd. Gerardi item comitis" donated property "in castello Guardistallo", and "in castello Biboni" which "Gerardus cum Henrigo comitis qd germano meo" bought from "Maria comitissa relicta Rubertini comitis et gd Albertini filia" and from "Henrigketto t Rubertino gg et comitibus f. qd. Rubertini comitis", to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated 2 Jun 1154[763].  Roberto & his wife had two children:  

(a)       ENRICO [Enrichetto] .  "Gerardus et Rainerius gg. et comites f. qd. Gerardi item comitis" donated property "in castello Guardistallo", and "in castello Biboni" which "Gerardus cum Henrigo comitis qd germano meo" bought from "Maria comitissa relicta Rubertini comitis et gd Albertini filia" and from "Henrigketto t Rubertino gg et comitibus f. qd. Rubertini comitis", to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated 2 Jun 1154[764]

(b)       ROBERTO .  "Gerardus et Rainerius gg. et comites f. qd. Gerardi item comitis" donated property "in castello Guardistallo", and "in castello Biboni" which "Gerardus cum Henrigo comitis qd germano meo" bought from "Maria comitissa relicta Rubertini comitis et gd Albertini filia" and from "Henrigketto t Rubertino gg et comitibus f. qd. Rubertini comitis", to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated 2 Jun 1154[765]

ii)         ILDEBRANDO Pannocchia (-before 17 Apr 1151).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 17 Apr 1151 under which his widow "Mathilda f. qd. Lanfranci, relicta Ildebrandini comitis f. qd. Ugonis Tezici item comitis" sold property of "viro meo in castro et curte de Barbialla, castro Scopeto sito in valle de Bula et aliis locis a flumine Arni usque --- Empori" to the bishop of Volterra[766]m MATILDA, daughter of LANFRANCO & his wife --- (-after 17 Apr 1151).  "Mathilda f. qd. Lanfranci, relicta Ildebrandini comitis f. qd. Ugonis Tezici item comitis" sold property of "viro meo in castro et curte de Barbialla, castro Scopeto sito in valle de Bula et aliis locis a flumine Arni usque --- Empori" to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated 17 Apr 1151[767]

iii)        [MATILDA (-after 27 May 1128).  "Matilda f. b. m. --- comitis de Vignale, relicta qd. Azonis, lege vivens Romana" doanted property to "canonike s. Octaviani" by charter dated 27 May 1128[768].  The name of Matilda´s father is omitted from the document, but it is listed in the compilation with other charters issued by the descendants of Conte Uguiccio.  m AZZO, son of --- (-before 27 May 1128).] 

 

2.         UGOLINO Pannocchia .  m ---.  The name of Ugolino´s wife is not known.  Ugolino & his wife had one child: 

a)         RANIERI Pannocchia (-after 22 Jan 1139).  "Rainerius qui Pannocchia voc qd. Ugolini Pannochie et Sibilia f. Fralmi iugalis" sold property "iuxta castrum Montieri" to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated Feb 1135 "in comitatu Vult. in castello de Travale"[769].  "Rainerius comes qui Pannochya vocatur f. qd. Ugolini et Subilia qd. Fralmi iugales" sold property to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated 22 Jan 1139[770]m SIBILLA, daughter of FRALMO & his wife --- (-after 22 Jan 1139).  "Rainerius qui Pannocchia voc qd. Ugolini Pannochie et Sibilia f. Fralmi iugalis" sold property "iuxta castrum Montieri" to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated Feb 1135 "in comitatu Vult. in castello de Travale"[771].  "Rainerius comes qui Pannochya vocatur f. qd. Ugolini et Subilia qd. Fralmi iugales" sold property to the bishop of Volterra by charter dated 22 Jan 1139[772].  Ranieri & his wife had one child: 

i)          RANIERI Pannocchia (-after 19 May 1163).  A charter dated 23 May 1158 records an agreement between the bishop of Volterra and "Pannockiam comitem" concerning "divisione castelli Gerfalci" and property acquired from "Guidoni comiti qd Ranuccii comitis…"[773].  A charter dated 30 Jun 1158 records the hearing of a dispute by a judge appointed by the bishop of Volterra and "comite Pannockia"[774].  A charter dated 30 Apr 1162 at Siena records an arbitration before "Ildibrandinus, Baroncellus, Bonone, Russus consoles Senenses" concerning a dispute between Galgano bishop of Volterra and "comite Ildebrandino" concerning "castro Gerfalchi", of which one third each were held by the bishop, Ildebrandino and "iure feodi Pannocchie…Rainerii"[775]m ALDIGARDA, daughter of --- (-after 19 May 1163).  "Comes Pannokia et Aldigarda uxor et Pannikino, Rainerius, Ugerius f. et Contessa uxor Rainerii" renounced their claim to "tertia parte medietatis castri Gerfalci" in favour of Galgano bishop of Volterra by charter dated 19 May 1163, in the presence of "…Tedici comitis de Montalcino, Guidonis qd. Ranucci Ardengi…"[776].  Ranieri & his wife had three children: 

(a)       PANNOCCHINO .  "Comes Pannokia et Aldigarda uxor et Pannikino, Rainerius, Ugerius f. et Contessa uxor Rainerii" renounced their claim to "tertia parte medietatis castri Gerfalci" in favour of Galgano bishop of Volterra by charter dated 19 May 1163, in the presence of "…Tedici comitis de Montalcino, Guidonis qd. Ranucci Ardengi…"[777]

(b)       RANIERI .  "Comes Pannokia et Aldigarda uxor et Pannikino, Rainerius, Ugerius f. et Contessa uxor Rainerii" renounced their claim to "tertia parte medietatis castri Gerfalci" in favour of Galgano bishop of Volterra by charter dated 19 May 1163, in the presence of "…Tedici comitis de Montalcino, Guidonis qd. Ranucci Ardengi…"[778]m CONTESSA, daughter of ---.  "Comes Pannokia et Aldigarda uxor et Pannikino, Rainerius, Ugerius f. et Contessa uxor Rainerii" renounced their claim to "tertia parte medietatis castri Gerfalci" in favour of Galgano bishop of Volterra by charter dated 19 May 1163, in the presence of "…Tedici comitis de Montalcino, Guidonis qd. Ranucci Ardengi…"[779]

(c)       UGUERIO .  "Comes Pannokia et Aldigarda uxor et Pannikino, Rainerius, Ugerius f. et Contessa uxor Rainerii" renounced their claim to "tertia parte medietatis castri Gerfalci" in favour of Galgano bishop of Volterra by charter dated 19 May 1163, in the presence of "…Tedici comitis de Montalcino, Guidonis qd. Ranucci Ardengi…"[780]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    VENETO

 

 

 

A.      SIGNORI di PADOVA (da CARRARA)

 

 

1.         GIACOPINO da Carrara (-after 23 May 1183).  m MARIA di Baone, daughter of ALBERTINO di Baione & his wife --- (-after 23 May 1183).  A charter dated 23 May 1183 records the division of the property of "q. Albertini de Baone" between "dńa Bertolina pro Sophya et Elica filiabus suis et…Jacobino de Carraria et eius uxore dńa Marieta et…Johanne Icilini de Onara et eius uxore dńa Beatrice et…Marcio pro se et uxore sua Palma et…Taurello pro Arvero filio suo, et dńa India sua uxore…filiabus eiusdem Albertini" to the monastery of Santa Cruce di Campesio by charter dated 15 Dec 1181[781]

 

 

1.         MARSIGLIO da Carraram ---.  The name of Marsiglio´s wife is not known.  Marsiglio & his wife had three children: 

a)         GIACOPO da Carrara (-1327).  Signore di PadovaGiovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Jacobus de Carraria" was installed as "Dominus generalis…civitatis Paduć" by "populo civitatis Paduć" in 1318[782]

b)         NICCOLO da CarraraSignore di PadovaGiovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Nicolaus de Carraria" succeeded after the death of "Domini Jacobi eius fratris" in "Dominio…civitatis Paduć" in 1327 but was expelled by "Dominus Cangrandis de la Scala"[783]

c)         PIETRO da Carrara (-1334).  Rector of Belluno.  m ---.  The name of Pietro´s wife is not known.  Pietro & his wife had one child: 

i)          MARSIGLIO da Carrara (-1338).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Marsilius de Carraria" held "Dominium…civitatis Paduć" with the help of the Venetians, Florentines and "Dominos Mastinum et Albertum fratres de la Scala" in 1337[784]Signore di Padova

 

 

1.         NICCOLO da Carrara (-1340).  m ---.  The name of Niccolo´s wife is not known.  Niccolo & his wife had two children: 

a)         GIACOPO da Carrara (-murdered 1350).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Jacobus de Carraria filius dicti Domini Nicolai fratris dicti quondam Domini Marsilii" killed "Dominum Marsiliettum" in 1346 and held "dominium…civitatis Paduć pro se et Domino Jacomino fratre suo"[785]Signore di Padova.  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Jacobus de Carraria" was killed in 1350 by "Bastardus de Domo illorum de Carraria" and was succeeded by "Dominus Franciscus eius filius"[786]m LIETA di Montemerlo, daughter of ---.  Giacopo & his wife had three children: 

i)          FRANCESCO [I] da Carrara (-1393).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Franciscus eius filius" succeeded "Dominus Jacobus de Carraria", was deposed in 1354 by "Dominus Jacominus frater…Domini Jacobi", but captured and imprisoned his uncle[787]Signore di Padova.  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Galeaz Vicecomes comes Virtutum, Dominus Mediolani" invaded Padova in 1388 and deposed "Dominum Franciscum de Carraria et…Dominum Franciscum Novellum filium dicti Domini Francisci", who recovered the city in 1390[788]m FINA Buzzacavini, daughter of ---.  Francisco & his wife had two children: 

(a)       FRANCESCO [II] da Carrara (1359-1406)Signore di PadovaGiovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Galeaz Vicecomes comes Virtutum, Dominus Mediolani" invaded Padova in 1388 and deposed "Dominum Franciscum de Carraria et…Dominum Franciscum Novellum filium dicti Domini Francisci", who recovered the city in 1390[789].  A charter dated 8 Dec 1402 records an alliance between Giovanni Maria Duke of Milan and "dominum Franciscum de Carraria Padue"[790]m (1377) TADDEA d´Este, daughter of NICCOLŇ d´Este Marchese di Modena & his wife Verde della Scala (1365-Padua 23 Nov 1404, bur Padua cathedral).  Francesco [II] & his wife had children: 

(1)       FRANCESCO [III] da Carrara (1377-1406)Signore di Padovam (1397) ALDA Gonzaga di Mantua, daughter of GIANFRANCESCO Gonzaga Signore di Mantua & his first wife Agnese Visconti (-1405). 

(2)       GIGLIOLA da Carrara ([1382]-1416).  She died of the plague.  m (1397) as his first wife, NICCOLŇ [III] d´Este Signore di Modena, son of ALBERTO d'Este Signor di Ferrara & his mistress Isotta Albaresani (Ferrara 9 Nov 1383-poisoned Milan 26 Dec 1441, bur Ferrara Santa Maria degli Angeli). 

(b)       CECILIA da Carrara (-1427-Zahna, bur Wittenberg Franciscan Monastery)m (before 11 May 1371) WENZEL Herzog zu Sachsen Elector of Saxony, son of RUDOLF I Herzog von Sachsen-Wittenberg, Elector of Saxony & his third wife Agnes von Lindau-Ruppin (-killed in battle Acre 15 May 1388). 

Francesco [I] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

(c)        CONTO da Carrara (-after Jun 1391).  The Chronicon Guelforum et Gibellinorum names "Dominus Contus de Carraria filius naturalis Domini Francisci Senioris de Carraria" among those from Padua in Jun 1391 who invaded "Episcopatum Bergomi"[791]

ii)         TADDEA da Carrara .  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records that "uxor Domini Mastini" was "ex…Dominis [de Carraria]"[792]The Chronicon Patavinum names "Domina Thaddaea olim filia domini Jacobi Magni de Carraria" as mother of "Mastinus de la Scala…filios…Dominum Canem Grandem, Canem Signorem et Paulum Alboinum"[793]m MASTINO [II] della Scala Signore di Verona, son of ALBOINO [I] della Scala & his second wife Beatrice di Corregio (-1351). 

iii)        GIGLIOLA da Carrara (-[1350/51])m ([8/20] Jun 1350) HEINRICH V Graf von Görz, son of ALBRECHT III Graf von Görz & his second wife Offmei Utehild von Mätsch (-[1361/62]). 

b)         GIACOMO da Carrara (-1372).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Jacobus de Carraria filius dicti Domini Nicolai fratris dicti quondam Domini Marsilii" killed "Dominum Marsiliettum" in 1346 and held "dominium…civitatis Paduć pro se et Domino Jacomino fratre suo"[794]Signore di Padova.  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Franciscus eius filius" succeeded "Dominus Jacobus de Carraria", was deposed in 1354 by "Dominus Jacominus frater…Domini Jacobi", but captured and imprisoned his uncle who died in prison[795]

 

 

1.         ALBERTO da CarraraSignore di PadovaGiovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Albertinus de Carraria" succeeded as "Dominus…civitatis Paduć" after the death in 1338 of "Domini Marsilii"[796]

 

2.         MARSIGLIO da Carrara (-1345).  Signore di PadovaGiovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Marsiliettus de Carraria dictus Papasaba" succeeded as "in dominio…civitatis Paduć" after the death of "Domini Albertini", but was killed in 1346 by "Dominus Jacobus de Carraria filius dicti Domini Nicolai fratris dicti quondam Domini Marsilii"[797]

 

 

 

B.      da ROMANO

 

 

1.         ARPO (-before 11 Dec 1076).  m ---.  The name of Arpo´s wife is not known.  Arpo & his wife had one child:  

a)         EZZELINO [I] (-after 16 Jul 1077).  "Eceli filius quondam Arpo de loco Aunerio et Romano" sold property "in comitato Tarnens foras civitate Tar…Codalido" to "Johannes filius quondam Ugoni de Cavaxo et loco Pussagno" by charter dated 11 Dec 1076[798].  "Ezilli filius quondam Arpo…ex natione…Saliha" sold property "in comitato Tarvisianensiis…in loco…Ponzano…prope Tarvixo" to "Johannes filius quondam Ugoni" by charter dated 16 Jul 1077[799]

 

Two brothers: 

1.         ALBERIGO (-after [3 Jul 1127]).  Emperor Heinrich V issued a charter dated Mar 1116 "in civitate Tarvisii" in the presence of "…Albricus et Eccelino germani de Alnaria…"[800].  "…Albericus de Romano, Eceli germani…" are named as present in a charter dated 22 Jun 1124 under which "Tiso" exchanged property with the abbot of San Floriani[801].  "Albericus et Cuniza jugalibus" donated property "in comitatu Tarvisiano in loco…Avax" to the abbot of Camposion by charter dated 18 May 1125[802].  ["Tiso Hecello Albericus de Romano…" donated various property to the monastery of Santa Cruce di Campesio by charter dated 3 Jul 1127[803].  The reverse order in which the names of Alberigo and Ezzelino appear in this document, compared to the order in the earlier charters, suggests that Alberigo, who is assigned the junior position, may not be the same person as the earlier Alberigo, maybe his son.]  m CUNIZA, daughter of --- (-after Dec 1154).  "Albericus et Cuniza jugalibus" donated property "in comitatu Tarvisiano in loco…Avax" to the abbot of Camposion by charter dated 18 May 1125[804].  "Dńus Ecelinus…cum matre sua dńa Cuniza" donated property "in Romano" to the monastery of Santa Cruce di Campesio by charter dated Dec 1154[805].  Alberigo & his wife had one child: 

a)         EZZELINO [III] "Balbo" (-after 15 Dec 1181).  "Dńus Ecelinus…cum matre sua dńa Cuniza" donated property "in Romano" to the monastery of Santa Cruce di Campesio by charter dated Dec 1154[806]

-        see below.   

2.         EZZELINO [II] (-after 22 Jun 1124).  Emperor Heinrich V issued a charter dated Mar 1116 "in civitate Tarvisii" in the presence of "…Albricus et Eccelino germani de Alnaria…"[807].  "…Albericus de Romano, Eceli germani…" are named as present in a charter dated 22 Jun 1124 under which "Tiso" exchanged property with the abbot of San Floriani[808].  "Tiso Hecello Albericus de Romano…" donated various property to the monastery of Santa Cruce di Campesio by charter dated 3 Jul 1127[809]

 

 

EZZELINO [III] "Balbo" da Romano, son of ALBERIGO da Romano & his wife Cuniza --- (-after 15 Dec 1181)"Dńus Ecelinus…cum matre sua dńa Cuniza" donated property "in Romano" to the monastery of Santa Cruce di Campesio by charter dated Dec 1154[810].  A charter dated 21 Feb 1159 "in loco Marcenco et territorio Terdonensi" records a judgment against "Ezelinum de Basano" depriving him of "terre de Gudaga" in favour of the bishop of Freising by charter dated Dec 1154, signed by "Fridericus Dux de Rotenburch, et Conradus Palatinus de Reno frater Imperatoris, et Otto Palatinus de Witilinespach et frater eius Otto, et Hermannus Marchio Veronensis, et Heinricus Dux Karentanus, et Wilhelmus marchio de Monteferrato, et Gwido Comes Blantatensis, et G. de Ganerosa Bononesium potestas, et Marchio Opizo Malaspina"[811].  The bishop of Freising enfeoffed "Ezelini et Joannis eius filii" with "Castri Gudigi", previously belonging to "Ezilo patruus eius", subject to "jure Comitum Tarv.", by charter dated 7 Mar 1160[812].  "Obizo et Bonifacius marchiones Estenses, Vezolus de Camino, Yzelinus de Honara…" signed the charter dated 7 Feb 1164 under which "Bonifacius comes Veronensis filius olim comitis Malregolati" swore allegiance to Emperor Friedrich I[813].  A charter dated 15 Jan 1169 records a judgment by "Ecelinus de Romano…" in favour of the church of Treviso[814].  "Eccelino da Romano" exchanged property with the church of Treviso by charter dated 30 Sep 1171[815].  A charter dated 16 Feb 1173 records a judgment by "Eccelinus de Romano" in favour of the bishop of Treviso[816].  "Dńi Ecelini de Romano…" witnessed the charter dated 14 Feb 1174 under which the bishop of Treviso confirmed a donation to the monastery of Moliani[817].  "Dńus Ecelinus de Romano" donated "medietate unius molendini…in pertinentia Margnani" to the monastery of Santa Cruce di Campesio by charter dated 15 Dec 1181[818]

m firstly HONORIA, daughter of ---.  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "dominus Ezelinus de Romano qui dictus est Balbus" and his wife "Honoria"[819]

m secondly as her first husband, SPERONELLA, daughter of DALISMANNO & his wife --- (-after 21 Jun 1199).  The testament of "Dńa Speronella" is dated 2 Oct 1192 and bequeathes property to "Zamponam filiam meam…in dotem cum ipsa accepit Albertum de Baone in virum", requests "filius meus Jacobus" to make donations on reaching the age of 25[820].  She married secondly ([2 Oct 1192/21 Jun 1199]) Odelrico.  The codicil of "Speronella" is dated 21 Jun 1199 and bequeathes property to "Domino Odelrico marito meo…Domino Azoco et eius uxori domine Frisie…"[821]

Ezzelino & his first wife had four children: 

1.         GIOVANNI (-after 23 May 1183).  The bishop of Freising enfeoffed "Ezelini et Joannis eius filii" with "Castri Gudigi", previously belonging to "Ezilo patruus eius", subject to "jure Comitum Tarv.", by charter dated 7 Mar 1160[822]m BEATRICE, daughter of ALBERTINO di Baone & his wife Bertolina --- (-after 23 May 1183).  A charter dated 23 May 1183 records the division of the property of "q. Albertini de Baone" between "dńa Bertolina pro Sophya et Elica filiabus suis et…Jacobino de Carraria et eius uxore dńa Marieta et…Johanne Icilini de Onara et eius uxore dńa Beatrice et…Marcio pro se et uxore sua Palma et…Taurello pro Arvero filio suo, et dńa India sua uxore…filiabus eiusdem Albertini" to the monastery of Santa Cruce di Campesio by charter dated 15 Dec 1181[823]

2.         EZZELINO [IV] "il Monaco" da Romano ([1150]-1235)The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "fillius primi Ezelini…primo filliam unicam Cunizam" and "secundo fillium Ezzelinum" as the children of "dominus Ezelinus de Romano qui dictus est Balbus"[824].  Podestŕ di Treviso.  A charter dated 27 Jun 1191 records wrongs done by "dńi Eccelini de Romano Tar. Potestatis" to the church of Treviso[825].  A charter dated 2 Mar 1192 records a judgment issued by "Ecelino de Romano Tarvisii Potestas"[826].  "Dńus Ezelinus de Romano filius q. Dńi Ezelini" sold property "in Angarano" to the monastery of Campesion by charter dated 20 Sep 1202[827].  The Book of Statutes of Treviso dated 1207 names "Rodulfo comitis Widonis Borgognonis filio civitatis Tarvisii potestati" and "Ecelini de Romano…"[828].  "Dńo Ugulino, Bartholomeo, Vendramino fratribus de Cesana et Roberto eorum nepote simul consortibus comitatus Cesane" sold "comitatus Cesane…unam medietatem" to "dńi Ezzelini" by charter dated 28 Mar 1218[829].  A charter dated 21 Jun 1218 records the peace agreement between the city of Vicenza and "Dńus Ecelinus de Romano", agreed by "Icilinellus filius dńi Ecelini"[830].  "Dńus Ecelinus de Romano" divided his property between "Ecelini et Alberici filiorum eius" by charter dated 5 Jul 1223[831]m firstly as her first husband, AGNESE d'Este, daughter of AZZO [V] d'Este & his wife ---.  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis states that "Ezelino secundo" had two wives in his boyhood, firstly "dominam Agnetam sororem domini Azonis primi marchionis Estensis" who after her divorce married "domino Dulcemanino…de Padua"[832].  She married secondly Dulcemanino di Paduam secondly ALEIDA di Mangono, daughter of ---.  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis states that "Ezelino secundo" had two wives in his boyhood, the second of whom was "Aledeytam sororem comitum de Mangono qui etiam comites Rabiosi nominantur"[833]Mistress (1):  MARIA di Campreto, daughter of ---.  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "dominam Aledaxiam" as illegitimate child of "Ezelino secundo" and his "amorum illicitum dominam Mariam de Campreto, consanguineam illorum de Campo Sancti Petri set ex altera parentella"[834].  Ezzelino [II] & his first wife had one child: 

a)         CECILIA .  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "Ceciliam unicam filiam" as daughter of "Ezelino secundo" & his first wife, specifying that later she was mother of "domini Asedisii de Guidotis"[835]m ---.  The name of Cecilia's husband is not known.  Cecilia & her husband had one child: 

i)          ASEDISIO .  Lord of Guidotis.  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "Ceciliam unicam filiam" as daughter of "Ezelino secundo" & his first wife, specifying that later she was mother of "domini Asedisii de Guidotis"[836]

Ezzelino [II] & his second wife had six children: 

b)         PALMA Novella (-before 4 May 1218).  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "Palmam novellam" as first child of "Ezelino secundo" & his second wife, specifying that she married "domini Alberti de Paone, Paduani civis"[837].  The marriage contract between "Valpertinus filius q. Valpertini de Cavasio" and "dńam Palmam filiam dńi Eccelini de Romano" is dated 16 Feb 1207[838].  A charter dated 4 May 1218 records the return of the dowry of "Dńus Eccelinus de Romano…dńe Palme q. filie sue et uxoris…Walpertino [de Vulnico]" who died childless[839]m firstly ALBERTO di Baone, son of ---.  m secondly (contract 16 Feb 1207) VALPERTINO di Cavasio, son of VALPERTINO di Cavasio & his wife ---. 

c)         IUNIA [Imia/Emilia] .  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "dominam Iuniam" as second child of "Ezelino secundo" & his second wife, specifying that she married "Alberti comitis Vicentini"[840].  The Gerardi Maurisii Historia records that "comes Albertus filius quondam comitis Ugutionis" married "dominam Ymigram filiam…domini Eccelini"[841]m ALBERTO Conte di Vicenza, son of UGUICCIO & his wife ---. 

d)         SOPHIA .  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "dominam Sophiam" as third child of "Ezelino secundo" & his second wife, specifying that she married "Henrici de Ygna" and after his death "domino Salinguerre de Ferraria"[842]m firstly ENRICO di Igna, son of ---.  m secondly SALINGUERRE di Ferrara, son of ---. 

e)         EZZELINO [V] da Romano (6 Apr 1194-in jail Sarcino 27 Sep 1259, bur Castro Sulcini)The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "Ezelinum tertium" as fourth child of "Ezelino secundo" & his second wife, specifying that he was born "1194 VI Apr"[843].  A charter dated 21 Jun 1218 records the peace agreement between the city of Vicenza and "Dńus Ecelinus de Romano", agreed by "Icilinellus filius dńi Ecelini"[844].  "Dńus Ecelinus de Romano" divided his property between "Ecelini et Alberici filiorum eius" by charter dated 5 Jul 1223[845].  Podestŕ di Verona.  Vicario Imperiale of the March of Verona.  The Alberti Milioli Notarii Regini Liber de Temporibus records that "domnum Yçelinum de Romano" attacked Cremona in 1259 but was captured and wounded, died and was buried "in castro Sulcini"[846].  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Icerinus de Romano" died from his wounds 27 Sep 1259 "in castro Sonzini districtus Cremonć"[847]m firstly (Verona 23 May 1238) SALVAGGIA, illegitimate daughter of Emperor FRIEDRICH II & his mistress --- ([1223]-1244).  The Annales Veronenses record the marriage "die pentecostes ante ianuam Sancti Zenonis de Verona" in 1238 of "domna filia…imperatoris…Salvaza" and "domno Icerino de Romano"[848]m secondly (divorced 1244) ISOTTA Lancia, daughter of GALVANO Lancia Principe di Salerno [Monferrato-Saluzzo] & his first wife Girola Fieschi dei Conti di Lavagna (-1254).  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records the recent marriage of "Ecelinus" and "dompnum Galvanum Lanzeam…sororem" and their divorce in 1244[849].  The chronology appears more consistent with Isotta being the daughter not sister of Galvano, but the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified. 

f)          ALBERIGO da Romano (-killed San Zeno 1260).  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "Albricum" as fifth child of "Ezelino secundo" & his second wife[850]

-        see below

g)         CUNIZA (-after 1 Apr 1265).  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "dominam Cunizam" as sixth child of "Ezelino secundo" & his second wife, specifying that she married "Rizardi de Sancto Bonifatio"[851].  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records that she was taken from her husband by "Sordellus" and, after he was expelled by her brother, became the mistress of "miles…Bonius de Tarvisio" who was killed, after which she married secondly "dompno Naimono de Bragancio", marrying for a third time "in Verona" after her second husband died (and after the death of her brother Ezzelino)[852].  "Dńa Cuniza filia q. dńi E--- da Romano" emancipated serfs, for the souls of "fratrum suorum dominorum Ecelini et Alberici de Romano", by charter dated 1 Apr 1265[853]m firstly (separated) RICCIARDO Conte di Verona, son of LODOVICO & his wife --- (-Brixen Feb [1252 or 1253]).  m secondly NAIMONO de Bragancio, son of ---.  m thirdly (after 1259) ---. 

Ezzelino [II] had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1). 

h)         ALEDAXIA .  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "dominam Aledaxiam" as illegitimate child of "Ezelino secundo" and his "amorum illicitum dominam Mariam de Campreto, consanguineam illorum de Campo Sancti Petri set ex altera parentella"[854]

3.         CUNIZA (-after 3 Nov 1191).  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "fillius primi Ezelini…primo filliam unicam Cunizam" and "secundo fillium Ezzelinum" as the children of "dominus Ezelinus de Romano qui dictus est Balbus", specifying that "soror igitur Ezelini secundo" married "domino Tysolino primo de Campo Sancti Petri"[855].  The testament of "domina Cuniza uxor q. dńi Tisollini de Campo Sancti Petri" is dated 3 Nov 1191[856]m TESSOLINO Signor di Campo Santo Petri, son of GERARDO de Campo Santo Petri & his wife Daria di Baone (-before 3 Nov 1191).  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino names "vir nobilis Tisolinus, filius quondam Gerardi de Campo Sancti Petri Paduani districtus et comitisse Darie, olim filie…Alberti de Baone"[857].  Tessolino & his wife had two children: 

a)         GERARDO .  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "primo Gerardus, secundo Tiso" as the children of "domino Tysolino primo de Campo Sancti Petri" & his wife, specifying that Gerardo married "Manfredum Ricum…filiam unicam Ceciliam"[858]m CECILIA, daughter of MANFREDO Rico & his wife ---.  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "primo Gerardus, secundo Tiso" as the children of "domino Tysolino primo de Campo Sancti Petri" & his wife, specifying that Gerardo married "Manfredum Ricum…filiam unicam Ceciliam"[859]

b)         TISO (-1235).  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "primo Gerardus, secundo Tiso" as the children of "domino Tysolino primo de Campo Sancti Petri" & his wife[860].  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records the death in 1235 of "Tiso de Campo Sancti Petri"[861]

4.         EZZELINO .  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "fillius primi Ezelini…primo filliam unicam Cunizam" and "secundo fillium Ezzelinum" as the children of "dominus Ezelinus de Romano qui dictus est Balbus", specifying that the second son named Ezzelino became a monk at the end of his life[862].  Monk. 

Ezzelino & his second wife had two children: 

3.         ZAMPONA (-after 2 Oct 1192).  The testament of "Dńa Speronella" is dated 2 Oct 1192 and bequeathes property to "Zamponam filiam meam…in dotem cum ipsa accepit Albertum de Baone in virum", requests "filius meus Jacobus" to make donations on reaching the age of 25[863]m ALBERTO di Baone, son of ---. 

4.         GIACOPO (after 1167-after 2 Oct 1192).  The testament of "Dńa Speronella" is dated 2 Oct 1192 and bequeathes property to "Zamponam filiam meam…in dotem cum ipsa accepit Albertum de Baone in virum", requests "filius meus Jacobus" to make donations on reaching the age of 25[864]

 

 

ALBERIGO da Romano, son of EZZELINO [II] da Romano & his second wife Aleida di Mangono (-killed San Zeno 1260).  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "Albricum" as fifth child of "Ezelino secundo" & his second wife[865].  The Cronica Fratris Salimbene de Adam names "frater istius Albrici, domnus Icilinus"[866].  "Dńus Albricus filius dńi Ecelini de Romano" confirmed the sale of property made by "frater eius Ecelinus" by charter dated 3 Nov 1221[867].  "Dńus Ecelinus de Romano" divided his property between "Ecelini et Alberici filiorum eius" by charter dated 5 Jul 1223[868].  "Dńus Albericus de Romano" was made Podestŕ di Vicenza by charter dated 28 Jun 1227[869].  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Albricus de Romano" made peace with "domni Icerim eius fratris" in 1257, returned "civitatem et castra Tervisii", and gave "tres filios suos" as security[870].  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Albricus de Romano cum uxore et filiis filiabusque suis" returned to "castro Sancti Zenonis districtus Tervisii" in 1260 but was captured and killed with his wife and children by "Messć de Porcillis"[871].  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records that "Albricus et 6 eiusdem filii: Iohannes et Albricus, Romanus et Ugelinus, Ecelinus et Tornalsce" were killed[872]

m firstly (20 Apr 1222) BEATRICE, daughter of ---.  The Annales Veronenses Antiqui record the marriage "die X exeunte aprili" in 1222 of "dominus Albericus de Romano", adding that he was "cum ea in domo comitisse Sofye"[873].  The reference in the Annales S. Iustinć Patavino, which records the marriage of "filiam unicam Albrici" in May 1239[874], suggests that this daughter must have been considerably older than her supposed half-brothers and sisters and therefore born from this first marriage.  The Gerardi Maurisii Historia names "Beatrix" as the wife of Alberigo da Romano[875]

m secondly --- (-killed San Zeno 1260).  The name of Alberigo's second wife is not known.  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records that "Albricus…due…eius filie atque ipsius uxor" died in the fire at the castle of San Zeno[876]

Alberigo & his first wife had one child: 

1.         ADELASIA da Romano (-1251).  The Annales Veronenses record the marriage in 1233 of "Rainaldum marchionem Estensem" and "filiam domni Albrici de Romano"[877].  The Annales S. Iustinć Patavino record that "filium unicum marchionis" married "filiam unicam Albrici" in May 1239[878].  The Gerardi Maurisii Historia records that "Rainaldus filius marchionis Bonifacii" married "dominam Adeletam filiam domini Alberici de Romano" when he was not yet 12 years old[879].  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records that "principem Rainaldum" married "Albericus…filiam Aledeitam" against the wishes of her uncle Ezzelino[880].  Hostage of Emperor Friedrich [II] 1238 to 1251.  m (1233 or May 1239) RINALDO [I] d'Este, son of AZZO [VII] Marchese d'Este & his first wife Giovanna --- (shortly after 1221-Apulia [1251]). 

Alberigo & his second wife had eight children: 

2.         GIOVANNI (-killed San Zeno 1260).  A charter dated 13 Dec 1252 names "Dńo Alberico de Romano…et filiis ipsius dńi Alberici…Joanni, Albrico, Romano et Ugolino" when recording oaths of fidelity sworn to them[881].  [The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Albricus de Romano" made peace with "domni Icerim eius fratris" in 1257, returned "civitatem et castra Tervisii", and gave "tres filios suos" as security[882], although the names of the sons in question are not known.]  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Albricus de Romano cum uxore et filiis filiabusque suis" returned to "castro Sancti Zenonis districtus Tervisii" in 1260 but was captured and killed with his wife and children by "Messć de Porcillis"[883].  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records that "Albricus et 6 eiusdem filii: Iohannes et Albricus, Romanus et Ugelinus, Ecelinus et Tornalsce" were killed[884]

3.         ALBERIGO (-killed San Zeno 1260).  A charter dated 13 Dec 1252 names "Dńo Alberico de Romano…et filiis ipsius dńi Alberici…Joanni, Albrico, Romano et Ugolino" when recording oaths of fidelity sworn to them[885].  [The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Albricus de Romano" made peace with "domni Icerim eius fratris" in 1257, returned "civitatem et castra Tervisii", and gave "tres filios suos" as security[886], although the names of the sons in question are not known.]  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Albricus de Romano cum uxore et filiis filiabusque suis" returned to "castro Sancti Zenonis districtus Tervisii" in 1260 but was captured and killed with his wife and children by "Messć de Porcillis"[887].  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records that "Albricus et 6 eiusdem filii: Iohannes et Albricus, Romanus et Ugelinus, Ecelinus et Tornalsce" were killed[888]

4.         ROMANO (-killed San Zeno 1260).  A charter dated 13 Dec 1252 names "Dńo Alberico de Romano…et filiis ipsius dńi Alberici…Joanni, Albrico, Romano et Ugolino" when recording oaths of fidelity sworn to them[889].  [The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Albricus de Romano" made peace with "domni Icerim eius fratris" in 1257, returned "civitatem et castra Tervisii", and gave "tres filios suos" as security[890], although the names of the sons in question are not known.]  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Albricus de Romano cum uxore et filiis filiabusque suis" returned to "castro Sancti Zenonis districtus Tervisii" in 1260 but was captured and killed with his wife and children by "Messć de Porcillis"[891].  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records that "Albricus et 6 eiusdem filii: Iohannes et Albricus, Romanus et Ugelinus, Ecelinus et Tornalsce" were killed[892]

5.         UGOLINO (-killed San Zeno 1260).  A charter dated 13 Dec 1252 names "Dńo Alberico de Romano…et filiis ipsius dńi Alberici…Joanni, Albrico, Romano et Ugolino" when recording oaths of fidelity sworn to them[893].  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Albricus de Romano cum uxore et filiis filiabusque suis" returned to "castro Sancti Zenonis districtus Tervisii" in 1260 but was captured and killed with his wife and children by "Messć de Porcillis"[894].  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records that "Albricus et 6 eiusdem filii: Iohannes et Albricus, Romanus et Ugelinus, Ecelinus et Tornalsce" were killed[895]

6.         EZZELINO (-killed San Zeno 1260).  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Albricus de Romano cum uxore et filiis filiabusque suis" returned to "castro Sancti Zenonis districtus Tervisii" in 1260 but was captured and killed with his wife and children by "Messć de Porcillis"[896].  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records that "Albricus et 6 eiusdem filii: Iohannes et Albricus, Romanus et Ugelinus, Ecelinus et Tornalsce" were killed[897]

7.         TORNALSCE (-killed San Zeno 1260).  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Albricus de Romano cum uxore et filiis filiabusque suis" returned to "castro Sancti Zenonis districtus Tervisii" in 1260 but was captured and killed with his wife and children by "Messć de Porcillis"[898].  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records that "Albricus et 6 eiusdem filii: Iohannes et Albricus, Romanus et Ugelinus, Ecelinus et Tornalsce" were killed[899]

8.         two daughters (-killed San Zeno 1260).  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Albricus de Romano cum uxore et filiis filiabusque suis" returned to "castro Sancti Zenonis districtus Tervisii" in 1260 but was captured and killed with his wife and children by "Messć de Porcillis"[900].  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records that "Albricus…due…eius filie atque ipsius uxor" died in the fire at the castle of San Zeno[901].  

 

 

 

C.      CONTI di VERONA

 

 

Isolated references to counts in Verona, normally referred to by the title "conte di San Bonifazio", have been identified in primary sources during the 12th century.  These references are insufficient to establish an unbroken line of succession or reconstruct their family relationship with certainty.  From the early 13th century, the sources record successive consuls in Verona (normally with the title potestas), holding office for a single year, as in other northern Italian cities like Mantua and Padua.  The date when consuls were first appointed in Verona has not yet been identified.  The process of change is hinted at by the Annales S. Iustinć Patavino which record that "Azo marchio Estensis" took control of Verona in 1207 with the consent of "comitis…Sancti Bonifacii et Monticulorum"[902].  This suggests that the count had been the main governing authority in Verona, that he had found his authority diminished by the succession of consuls, and that he invited his more powerful neighbour to take control in order to limit the power of the local consuls.  If this was the plan, it does not appear to have worked out as intended.  The sources still show a succession of consuls during the first half of the 13th century, with the ruling marchese d´Este occasionally filling the post but by no means controlling the city.  The sources also show continued conflict with the counts, who were presumably still dissatisfied with how the city was governed, until they were finally expelled in the 1260s.  Coinciding with this expulsion, the della Scala family emerged as the leading family in Verona. 

 

 

1.         MARCO "Regulo" (-1142).  Conte di San BonifazioThe Annales Veronenses record the death in 1142 of "Marcus Regulus comes Sancti Bonifacii"[903].  The Annales Veronenses Antiqui record the death in 1142 of "Comes Malregulatus"[904]m ---.  The name of Marco´s wife is not known.  Marco & his wife had one child: 

a)         BONIFAZIO (-Antioch 1170).  Conte di San Bonifazio.  "Bonifacius comes Veronensis filius olim comitis Malregolati" swore allegiance to Emperor Friedrich I for property "in villa S. Bonifacii, in villa et castro Soavi…" by charter dated 7 Feb 1164, signed by "Obizo et Bonifacius marchiones Estenses, Vezolus de Camino, Yzelinus de Honara…"[905].  Podestŕ di Verona 1169.  The Annales Veronenses Antiqui record "comes Bonifacius Malregulati filius" as "potestas Verone" in 1169 and his death "in sequenti anno Antiochie"[906].  The Annales Veronenses record the death in 1170 of "Bonifacius comes filius comitis Malregulati…in Antiochia"[907]

 

2.         CORRADO (-killed 1177).  The Annales Veronenses record that "comes Conradinus" was killed "X Kal Apr" in 1177[908]

 

3.         ALESSANDRO [Sauro/Sancho] (-killed 13 May 1184 or 1189).  The Ricciardi Comitis Sancti Bonifacii Vita records that "Ceresius Monticulus" killed "Alexandrum comitem San Bonifacium avunculum suum" in 1184 "III Id Mai"[909].  The Annales Veronenses record that "comes Saurus" was killed "III Id Mai" in 1189[910]m ---.  The name of Sauro´s wife is not known.  Sauro & his wife had one child: 

a)         BONIFAZIO (-Nov 1212).  Conte di VeronaThe Annales Veronenses record that "Bonifacius comes filius Sancii de Sancto Bonifacii" fought "cum Monticulis" in 1206[911].  The Annales S. Iustinć Patavino record that "Azo marchio Estensis" took control of Verona in 1207 with the consent of "comitis…Sancti Bonifacii et Monticulorum"[912].  The significance of this move is discussed in the introduction to the present sub-chapter.  A charter dated 28 Aug 1207 records an alliance between the people of Mantua and "domino Azone marchione Estense et comite Bonifacio de Verona" both of whom promised to defend Mantua[913].  "Dominus Marchio...[et] comes Bonifacius potestas Verone" consented to the agreement between Mantua and Verona concerning Valleggio, by charter dated 5 Jun 1208[914].  The Annales Veronenses record that "comes Bonifacius cum Veronensibus" captured "castrum Orsamo" in 1209[915].  The Annales Mantuani record the death in Nov 1212 of "comes Bonefatius"[916].  The Annales Veronenses Antiqui record the deaths in 1212 of "Aço marchio et comes Bonifacius"[917]m [SOFIA, daughter of --- (-after Apr 1222).  The Annales Veronenses Antiqui record the marriage "die X exeunte aprili" in 1222 of "dominus Albericus de Romano", adding that he was "cum ea in domo comitisse Sofye"[918].  The source gives no indication of Sofia´s husband or family but it is possible that she was the widow of Conte Bonifazio.] 

 

 

1.         GRIMERIO (-after 1178).  Podestŕ di Verona 1178.  The Annales Veronenses Antiqui record "Grimerius" as "potestas Verone" in 1178[919]

 

 

1.         GILIOConte di Cortenuova.  A charter dated 1202 refers to "tempore domini Zilii comitis Curtis nove Veronensis potestatis"[920]

 

2.         LODOVICO (-[1212]).  The Ricciardi Comitis Sancti Bonifacii Vita records the death of "Ludovicus S. Bonifacius", dated to 1212 from the context[921]m ---.  The name of Lodovico´s wife is not known.  Lodovico & his wife had one child: 

a)         RICCIARDO (-Brixen Feb [1252 or 1253]).  The Ricciardi Comitis Sancti Bonifacii Vita records that "Ricciardi Ludovici S. Bonifacii filii…tunc pene imberbis…adolescentis" fought in Verona in 1205[922]Conte di Verona.  A charter dated 10 Apr 1225 records the peace agreement between Mantua and Reggio and names "Rizardi comitis, potestatis Mantuć"[923].  The Annales Mantuani record "Rizardus comes de Verona" as potestas of Mantua in 1225, adding that he was expelled from Verona and replaced by "Leo de Carceribus" as potestas of Verona[924].  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Leo a Carceribus…capitaneus Veronć" fought "Rizardum comitem Sancti Bonifacii" in 1226[925].  The Annales Mantuani record "Rizardus comes de Sancto Bonifatio" as potestas of Mantua in 1237, adding that during his time Mantua signed peace with the emperor, and Padua "cum tota Marchia" was captured from the emperor[926].  A later passage in the same source records that "comes Rizardus" completed the year as potestas of Mantua in 1246 after "Raynerius Zengolus de Tuscia" was expelled[927].  The Annales Veronenses record the death in Feb 1253 of "Rizardus comes Sancti Bonifacii…in civitate Brixić in domo fratrum Prćdicatorum"[928].  The Annales S. Iustinć Patavino record the death in Feb 1252 of "Ricardus comes Sancti Bonifacii"[929]m [firstly] (separated) as her first husband, CUNIZA de Romano, daughter of EZZELINO [II] da Romano & his second wife Aleida di Mangono.  The Cronica Alberti de Bezanis names "dominam Cunizam" as sixth child of "Ezelino secundo" & his second wife, specifying that she married "Rizardi de Sancto Bonifatio"[930].  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records that she was taken from her husband by "Sordellus" and, after he was expelled by her brother, became the mistress of "miles…Bonius de Tarvisio" who was killed, after which she married secondly "dompno Naimono de Bragancio", marrying for a third time "in Verona" after her second husband died (and after the death of her brother Ezzelino)[931].  [m secondly ---.  No direct indication of this supposed second marriage has been found.  However, the difference in age between Rizzardo´s two known sons suggests that they were born from different mothers.]  Ricciardo & his [first] wife had one child: 

i)          LEOISIO (-[1243/52]).  The Chronica of Rolandino Patavino records that "Leoisius filius comitis Rizardi…nepoti suo" defended "castrum Sancti Bonifacii" against Ezzelino da Romano in 1243[932].  This passage confirms the identity of his mother.  The same event is recorded in the Ricciardi Comitis Sancti Bonifacii Vita which refers to "Bonifacium Ricciardi filium"[933]

Ricciardo & his [second] wife had one child:

ii)         LODOVICO ([1240/45]-after 14 Sep 1263).  The Annales S. Iustinć Patavino record that "Ricardus comes Sancti Bonifacii" left "unicum filium parvulum…Lodovicum" when he died in Feb 1252[934].  The indication "parvulum" suggests that Lodovico could not have been the same son as "Leoisius" who was recorded in 1243.  It is assumed that Lodovico could not have been born much later than 1245 bearing in mind the sources in which he is named in 1259 which give no indication that he was under age at the time.  Conte di Verona.  "Dominus Azo…Estensis et Anconitanus marchio et dominos Lodoycus comes Veronensis et dominus Catelanus domini Guidonis domine Hostie potestas Mantue" agreed peace by charter dated 10 May 1259[935].  A charter dated 24 May 1259 names "Dominus Lodoycus natus condam domini Ricardi comitis Verone"[936].  A charter dated 11 Jun 1259 records an alliance between "dominum Ubertum marchionem Pellavicinum dominum et potestatem Cremone…dominum Açonem…Estensem et Anconitanum marchionem et…dominum Lodycum comitem Verone"[937].  A charter dated 4 Feb 1265 records an agreement between "Albertus Cacinimici…potestas Mantue" and "dominos marchionem Estensem et Anconitanum dominum Obiçonem et Lodoycum comitem Verone et potestates Ferrarie et Mantue"[938].  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Ludovicus comes Sancti Bonifacii" was expelled from Verona 14 Sep 1263 and never returned[939].  This expulsion was evidently not an isolated example of difficulties between Conte Lodovico and the town of Verona, as the Annales Mantuani record "comes Ludovicus" "returned" in 1259, and was expelled in 1260[940]

 

 

 

D.      SIGNORI di VERONA (della SCALA)

 

 

The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Mastinus de la Scala" was appointed "capitaneus totius populi civitatis Veronć" (a new position) in 1262[941].  The precise date when consuls ceased to be appointed in Verona has not yet been identified, but by the end of the 13th century, rule of Verona had become hereditary in the della Scala family.  During the early 14th century, the family´s influence spread to other parts of northern Italy, at one point rivalling the domination of the Visconti family in the Milan area: the Annales Mediolanenses record that "duo filii quondam Albuini de la Scala" were lords over nine cities "Verona, Vicentia, Tarvisio, Parma, Luca, Brixia, Padua, Montefeltro et in civitate Belluni" in 1336 and were in alliance with the Este family[942].  The della Scala family remained as "lords" of Verona until the late 14th century, when the last of the line, Antonio della Scala, was expelled in 1387 by Gian Galeazzo Visconti Lord of Milan who assumed the lordship of the city.  The family never assumed the comital title. 

 

 

1.         FEDERIGO della Scala .  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Icerinus de Romano" and others captured "Fredericum et Bonifacium fratres de la Scala, Boninsigna de Clavica socerum dicti Fredericum de la Scala…" in 1257[943]m --- de Clavica, daughter of BONINSIGNA de Clavica & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Annales Veronenses which record that "domnus Icerinus de Romano" and others captured "Fredericum et Bonifacium fratres de la Scala, Boninsigna de Clavica socerum dicti Fredericum de la Scala…" in 1257[944]

2.         BONIFAZIO Della Scala .  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Icerinus de Romano" and others captured "Fredericum et Bonifacium fratres de la Scala, Boninsigna de Clavica socerum dicti Fredericum de la Scala…" in 1257[945]

 

 

Three brothers: 

1.         MASTINO della Scala (-killed Verona 17 Oct 1277).  The Annales Mediolanenses record that "fratres tres carnales…Mastinus…Bocha…Albertus" established themselves as leaders in Verona after the death of Ezzelino da Romano[946].  The Annales Veronenses record that "domnus Mastinus de la Scala" first became "dominum civitatis Veronć" in 1259 and was created "capitaneus totius populi civitatis Veronć" in 1262[947].  "Dominus Mastinus de Scalis potestas populi Verone" agreed peace with Mantua by charter dated 28 Nov 1259[948].  "…Domino Mastino de la Scala…" was named as one of the representatives of Verona in a charter dated 5 Sep 1272 which records another peace agreement with Mantua[949].  The Annales Veronenses record that "Mastinus de la Scala" was killed by the Veronese 17 Oct 1277[950]m ---.  The name of Mastino´s wife is not known.  Mastino & his wife had one child: 

a)         NICCOLO della Scala .  The Annales Mediolanenses name "Nicolaum" as son of "Mastinus"[951]

2.         BOCHO della Scala .  The Annales Mediolanenses record that "fratres tres carnales…Mastinus…Bocha…Albertus" established themselves as leaders in Verona after the death of Ezzelino da Romano[952]m ---.  The name of Bocho´s wife is not known.  Bocho & his wife had one child: 

a)         PICARDO della Scala .  The Annales Mediolanenses name "Picardum" as son of "Boche"[953]

3.         ALBERTO della Scala (-1301).  The Annales Mediolanenses record that "fratres tres carnales…Mastinus…Bocha…Albertus" established themselves as leaders in Verona after the death of Ezzelino da Romano, adding that Alberto was appointed Podestŕ of Mantua[954].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Albertus de la Scala primus, frater…Domini Mastini primi" succeeded his brother "in dominio civitatis Veronć"[955]The Annales Mantuani name "domnus Albertus de la Schala de Verona" as potestas in Mantua in 1275 and 1277[956]"Dominus Albertus de la Scala Mantue potestatis…" is named in a charter dated 31 Oct [1275] which records an agreement with the commune of Verona[957].  "Domino Alberto de la Scala populi Veronensis capitaneo generali…" is named in a charter dated 5 May 1291 which records another agreement with Mantua[958].  Verona was represented by "Alberti de la Scala eiusque filii Bartolamei, capitaneorum generalium" in a charter dated 27 May 1293 which records another agreement with Mantua[959]m VERDE di Salizzole, daughter of ---.  A charter dated 8 Dec 1297 names "dominam Viridem uxorem…domini Alberti de la Scala"[960].  Alberto & his wife had children: 

a)         COSTANZA della Scala (-Mantua after 27 Apr 1306)The Chronicon Estense records the marriage in Jul 1289 of "dominus marchio Obizo Estensis" and "filiam…domini Alberti de la Scala"[961].  The marriage contract between "domini Alberti de la Scala…dominam Constanciam suam filiam" and "domino Obiçoni Estensi et Anconitano marchioni" is dated 28 Jul 1289[962].  The marriage contract between "dominus Guido dictus Botexela de Bonacolsis, Mantue capitaneus generalis" and "domino Alberto de la Scala, Verone capitaneo generali…domine Constantie eius filie [olim uxoris marchionis Estensis]" is dated 19 Jul 1299[963].  "Domina Constantia filia quondam…domini Alberti de la Scala et uxor…domini Guidonis de Bonacosis" granted property to her husband by charter dated 27 Apr 1306[964]m firstly (contract 28 Jul 1289) as his second wife, OBIZZO Marchese d´Este, illegitimate son of RINALDO [I] d'Este & his mistress --- ([1247]-13 Feb 1293, bur Ferrara Franciscans).  m secondly (contract 19 Jul 1299) GUIDO Botticella di Bonaccolai, son of ---. 

b)         BARTOLOMEO della Scala (-1304).  The Annales Mediolanenses names "Bartholomćum, Albuinem et Canem" as the three sons of Alberto[965].  Verona was represented by "Alberti de la Scala eiusque filii Bartolamei, capitaneorum generalium" in a charter dated 27 May 1293 which records another agreement with Mantua[966]m (30 Sep 1291) COSTANZA dette Antiochette, daughter of CORRADO di Antiochia Conte di Alba [Hohenstaufen] & his wife Beatrice Lancia.  Bartolomeo & his wife had one child: 

i)          CECCHINO della Scala (-1325).  The Annales Mediolanenses name "Cichum" as son of Bartolomeo[967]m firstly AGNESE Visconti, daughter of MATTEO [I] Visconti Lord of Milan & his wife .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Annales Mediolanenses which name "Cichum generum Matthći Vicecomitis"[968]m secondly GAJA, daughter of GUCCELLO di Camino & his wife ---. 

c)         ALBOINO [I] della Scala (Verona [1284]-Verona 28 Oct 1311)The Annales Mediolanenses names "Bartholomćum, Albuinem et Canem" as the three sons of Alberto[969].  Podestŕ of Verona 1304. 

-        see below

d)         CANGRANDE [I] (-Treviso 22 Jul 1329, bur Verona, Santa Maria Antica)The Annales Mediolanenses names "Bartholomćum, Albuinem et Canem" as the three sons of Alberto[970].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Cangrandis de la Scala primus frater…Domini Alboini" succeeded his brother "in dominio"[971].  He succeeded in 1311 as Lord of Verona.  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records "Canis de la Scala Veronensis et vicarius imperialis" subjugating "plures civitates Lombardić et marchić Tarvisinć" during the lifes of "Domini Matthći Vicecomitis…et…Domini Galeazii", adding that he had no legitimate children and had appointed "Dominos Albertum et Mastinum nepotes suos de la Scala" as his heirs[972].  Lord of Belluno 1311.  Lord of Treviso 1329.  m (1308) GIOVANNA, daughter of CORRADO di Antiochia Conte di Alba [Hohenstaufen] & his wife Beatrice Lancia (-Verona 29 Dec 1351). 

 

 

1.         NICCOLŇ della Scala (-after 1292).  The Annales Mantuani name "domnus Nicolaus de la Schala" as potestas in Mantua in 1292[973]

 

 

ALBOINO [I] della Scala, son of ALBERTO [I] della Scala & his wife Verde di Salizzolo (Verona [1284]-Verona 28 Oct 1311)The Annales Mediolanenses names "Bartholomćum, Albuinem et Canem" as the three sons of Alberto[974].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Alboinus de la Scala frater…Domini Bartholomoći" succeeded his brother "in dominio…civitatis Veronć"[975]

m firstly (1291) CATERINA Visconti, daughter of MATTEO [I] Visconti Signore di Milano & his wife Violanta Borri.  The Annales Mediolanenses record the marriage in 1291 of "Catherina filia Matthći Vicecomitis" and "Albuino de la Scala"[976].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by an earlier passage in the Annales Mediolanenses which name "Albuinus…gener Matthći Vicecomitis"[977]

m secondly BEATRICE di Corregio, daughter of GIBERTO di Corregio & his wife ---.  The Annales Mediolanenses records that "Albuinus" married secondly "filiam Giberti de Corrigia"[978]

Alboino [I] & his second wife had two children: 

1.         ALBERTO [II] (-1352).  The Annales Mediolanenses names "Mastinum et Albertum" as the two sons of "Albuinus" and his second wife "filiam Giberti de Corrigia"[979].  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records that "Canis de la Scala Veronensis et vicarius imperialis" appointed "Dominos Albertum et Mastinum nepotes suos de la Scala" as his heirs[980]Signore di Verona.  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records the death in 1352 of "Dominus Albertus"[981]m AGNES, [illegitimate daughter of HEINRICH Graf von Görz & his mistress ---]. 

2.         MASTINO [II] (-1351).  The Annales Mediolanenses names "Mastinum et Albertum" as the two sons of "Albuinus" and his second wife "filiam Giberti de Corrigia"[982].  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records that "Canis de la Scala Veronensis et vicarius imperialis" appointed "Dominos Albertum et Mastinum nepotes suos de la Scala" as his heirs[983]Signore di Verona.  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records the death in 1351 of "Dominus Mastinus"[984]m TADDEA da Carrara, daughter of GIACOPO da Carrara Signore de Padova & his [wife Lieta di Montemerlo].  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records that "uxor Domini Mastini" was "ex…Dominis [de Carraria]"[985].  The Chronicon Patavinum names "Domina Thaddaea olim filia domini Jacobi Magni de Carraria" as mother of "Mastinus de la Scala…filios…Dominum Canem Grandem, Canem Signorem et Paulum Alboinum"[986].  Mastino [II] & his wife had five children: 

a)         CANGRANDE [II] (-murdered Verona 14 Dec 1359, bur Verona Santa Maria Antica)The Chronicon of Pietro Azario names "Canem Canem, Canem Signorem et Canem Alboinum" as the three sons of "Domini Mastini" and his wife[987].  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records the circumstances of the death of "Domini Canis primogeniti"[988].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Cangrandis" was killed "in Verona prope ecclesiam S. Euphemić apud ripam Aricis" in 1359 by "Dominum Cansegnorium fratrem suum"[989]m (Verona 22 Nov 1350) as her first husband, ELISABETH von Bayern, daughter of Emperor LUDWIG IV King of Germany, Duke of Bavaria Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his second wife Marguerite de Hainaut [Avesnes] Ctss de Hainaut, Holland and Zeeland (1329-Stuttgart 2 Aug 1402, bur Stuttgart Stiftskirche).  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records that "Domini Canis primogeniti" married "Domino Ludovico tunc Imperatore…filiam suam nomine Imperatricem", adding that they had "unica proles…fśmina"[990].  The History of Henricus Dapifer de Diessenhoven records that "aliam…filiam [Ludewici]" married "filius Canis dominus Verone", dated to 1350 from the context[991].  The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis (Continuatio) records that "filio Mastini Veronensis" married "Ludewicus…sororem, quondam Ludewici principis filiam"[992].  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records that "Canemsignorium" proposed to marry "Dominam cognatam viduam" after the death of her husband but that she refused[993].  She married secondly (contract Donauwörth 26 Apr 1362, Stuttgart 1362) Ulrich Erbgraf von Württemberg.  Cangrande [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          daughter .  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records that "Domini Canis primogeniti" married "Domino Ludovico tunc Imperatore…filiam suam nomine Imperatricem", adding that they had "unica proles…fśmina"[994]

Cangrande [II] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

ii)         GUGLIELMO (-18 Apr 1404).  m ---.  Guglielmo & his wife had two children: 

(a)        BRUNORO (-Vienna 21 Nov 1437).  Reichsfürst 1434.  m (1427) ANNA von Görz, daughter of HEINRICH V Graf von Görz & his first wife Elisabeth of Celje. 

(b)        PAUL von der Leiter (-[20 May 1438/7 Jan 1441]). 

-         von der LEITER[995]

b)         CANSIGNORIO (-1375).  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario names "Canem Canem, Canem Signorem et Canem Alboinum" as the three sons of "Domini Mastini" and his wife[996].  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario names "Domini Canis et Albuinus fratres, filii quondam Domini Mastini de la Scala" when recording that they became "Domini Veronć et Vicentić" on the death of "Domini Canis eorum fratris primogeniti"[997].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records the death in 1375 from natural causes of "Dominus Cansegnorius de la Scala" just after ordering the death in prison of "Dominum Paulum Albuinum fratrem suum"[998]m (1363) as her first husband, AGNES di Durazzo, daughter of CHARLES di Durazzo Duke of Durazzo & his wife Marie of Sicily (1345-Naples 15 Jul 1388, bur Naples, Santa Chiara).  She married secondly (1382) Jacques de Baux Principe di Tarento.  Cansignorio had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

i)          BARTOLOMEO (-murdered [20] Jul 1381).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Cansegnorius de la Scala" ordered the death of his brother to ensure the succession of "filii eius naturales…Domini Bartholomćus et Antonius"[999].  Signore di Verona.  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Bernabos Vicecomes" declared war against "Dominis Barthololomćo et Antonio de la Scala Dominis Veronć filiis naturalibus quondam Cansegnoris filii legitimi quondam Domini Mastini" in Apr 1378, claiming the right of succession in Verona through his wife in default of legitimate heirs in the della Scala family[1000].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Antonius" had "Dominum Barthololomćum eius fratrem" killed in Jul 1381 "circa festum S. Margaritć"[1001]

ii)         ANTONIO della Scala (-Romandiola [1387/88], bur Ravenna).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Cansegnorius de la Scala" ordered the death of his brother to ensure the succession of "filii eius naturales…Domini Bartholomćus et Antonius"[1002].  Signore di Verona.  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Bernabos Vicecomes" declared war against "Dominis Barthololomćo et Antonio de la Scala Dominis Veronć filiis naturalibus quondam Cansegnoris filii legitimi quondam Domini Mastini" in Apr 1378, claiming the right of succession in Verona through his wife in default of legitimate heirs in the della Scala family[1003].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Antonius de la Scala Dominus Veronć et Vincentić" waged war on "Dominum Franciscum de Carraria Dominum civitatis Paduć", subsidised by the Venetians, in 1385, adding that the war lasted two years and was joined by Milan in 1387 when Antonio was expelled from Verona which was conquered by "Dominus comes Virtutum"[1004].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Antonius de la Scala" died "in quadam villula Romandiolć" and was buried in Ravenna[1005]m SAMARITANA da Polenta, daughter of --- di Polenta Signore di Ravenna & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Annales Mediolanenses which record that "Dominus Ravennć eius socer" arranged the burial of "Dominus Antonius" in Ravenna[1006].  Antonio & his wife had two children: 

(a)        CANFRANCESCO (-after 1397).  "Princeps…et…dominus Johannes Galeaz Dux Mediolani…Papie, Anglerieque ac Virtutum comes", in his testament dated 1397, bequeathed property to "dominus Ludovicus et dominus Maximus filius quondam…d. Bernabovis eorumque descendentes…Camfranciscus filius quondam domini Antonii della Scala…et a dicto eius primogenito"[1007]. 

(b)        CLEOFA della Scala .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m GIANMASTINO Visconti , son of BERNABŇ Visconti Lord of Milan & his wife Beatrice "Regina" della Scala (Mar 1377-Bergamo 19 Jun 1405). 

c)         ALBUINO (-murdered 1375).  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario names "Canem Canem, Canem Signorem et Canem Alboinum" as the three sons of "Domini Mastini" and his wife[1008].  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario names "Domini Canis et Albuinus fratres, filii quondam Domini Mastini de la Scala" when recording that they became "Domini Veronć et Vicentić" on the death of "Domini Canis eorum fratris primogeniti"[1009].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Pauli Albuini fratris dicti Domini Cansegnoris" killed their brother "Domini Canisgrandis"[1010].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Cansegnorius" imprisoned "Dominum Paulum Albuinum fratrem suum" in 1365[1011].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records the death in 1375 from natural causes of "Dominus Cansegnorius de la Scala" just after ordering the death in prison of "Dominum Paulum Albuinum fratrem suum"[1012]

d)         BEATRICE "Regina" (Verona [1331]-Milan 18 Jun 1384, bur Milano)The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records that "Barnobovi" married "Dominam Reginam filiam quondam Domini Mastini de la Scala"[1013].  The Annales Mediolanenses record that "Dominus Archiepiscopus" arranged the marriage of "Domino Barnabovi" and "Dominam Reginam de la Scala filiam Domini Mastini" after recalling him from exile[1014].  She acquired her nickname because of her haughty disposition[1015].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records the death "in civitate Mediolani" in 1383 of "Domina Regina uxor…Domini Bernabovis Vicecomitis, filia quondam Domini Mastini de la Scala Domini Veronć et Vicentić" who built "ecclesiam S. Marić de la Scala Mediolani"[1016].  The Annales Mediolanenses record the death 18 Jun 1383 in Milan of "Domina Regina de la Scala uxor Domini Bernabovis" and the epitaph of "Regina Beatrix"[1017]m (1350) BERNABŇ Visconti Lord of Milan, son of STEFANO Visconti Lord of Milan & his wife Valentina Doria ([1322/23]-poisoned Castillo di Trezzo 18 Dec 1385, bur Milan).  

e)         VERDE (-1393 or after).  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records that "Domini Canis et Albuinus fratres, filii quondam Domini Mastini de la Scala…sororem" married "Domino Nicolao Domino civitatem Ferrarić et Mutinć", dated to 1362 in a later passage[1018].  Her name is confirmed by a charter dated 20 Jun 1377 from "domini Ludovici de Gonzaga" which names his wife "domina Alda" and her brother "dominus Marchio" and "domina Verde consorte ipsius"[1019]m (Feb 1363) NICCOLŇ d´Este Signor di Ferrara, legitimated son of OBIZZO III Marchese d'Este Signor di Ferrara e Modena & his second wife Lippa Ariosto (Ferrara 17 May 1338-Ferrara 26 Mar 1388). 

Mastino [II] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

f)          FREGNANO (-killed 1352).  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records that "Dominus Mastinus…tribus Canibus filiis suis" had "Frignanum fratrem naturalem"[1020].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "eius frater naturalis…Fregnanus" usurped the lordship of Verona from Cangrande in 1352, with help from "illorum de Gonzaga Dominorum Mantuć", but was defeated and killed in battle by his brother[1021]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    OTHER NORTHERN ITALIAN NOBLES, Unallocated

 

 

1.         ILDEBRANDO (-after 1 Dec 1130).  m BERTA, daughter of --- (-after 1 Dec 1130).  “Berta mulier Ildebrandi comitis” signed a charter dated 1 Dec 1130 relating to “castello et Pogio…Monte Summano”, signed by “Guidi qui Borgognone vocatur, filio…Ildebrandi comitis[1022].  Ildebrando & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUIDO Borgignone (-after 1 Dec 1130).  “Berta mulier Ildebrandi comitis” signed a charter dated 1 Dec 1130 relating to “castello et Pogio…Monte Summano”, signed by “Guidi qui Borgognone vocatur, filio…Ildebrandi comitis[1023]m ---.  The name of Guido´s wife is not known.  Guido & his wife had one child: 

i)          RODOLFO (-after 1207).  The Book of Statutes of Treviso dated 1207 names "Rodulfo comitis Widonis Borgognonis filio civitatis Tarvisii potestati" and "Ecelini de Romano…"[1024]

 

2.         RANIERO (-after 1171).  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record that "comes Ildebrandinus miles signifier et capitaneus…[et] comes Albertus de Prata…comes Gerardus…et Rainerius comes et Ugo comes et comes Tedicius de Bizerno, et Uguicio et Tegrimus comites de Cornino" supported the Pisans in their war against Lucca in 1171[1025]

 

3.         UGO (-after 23 May 1133).  "Ugo comes" donated property "in Bassano" to the monastery of Santa Cruce di Campesio, for the soul of "uxoris mee Gisle", by charter dated 23 May 1133[1026]m GISELA, daughter of --- (-after 23 May 1133).  "Ugo comes" donated property "in Bassano" to the monastery of Santa Cruce di Campesio, for the soul of "uxoris mee Gisle", by charter dated 23 May 1133[1027]

 

4.         UGO (-after 1171).  The Annales Pisani of Bernardo Marangoni record that "comes Ildebrandinus miles signifier et capitaneus…[et] comes Albertus de Prata…comes Gerardus…et Rainerius comes et Ugo comes et comes Tedicius de Bizerno, et Uguicio et Tegrimus comites de Cornino" supported the Pisans in their war against Lucca in 1171[1028]

 

 

Four siblings: 

1.         UGOLINO (-after 28 Mar 1218).  Conte di Cesano.  "Dńo Ugulino, Bartholomeo, Vendramino fratribus de Cesana et Roberto eorum nepote simul consortibus comitatus Cesane" sold "comitatus Cesane…unam medietatem" to "dńi Ezzelini" by charter dated 28 Mar 1218[1029]

2.         BARTOLOMEO (-after 28 Mar 1218).  Conte di Cesano.  "Dńo Ugulino, Bartholomeo, Vendramino fratribus de Cesana et Roberto eorum nepote simul consortibus comitatus Cesane" sold "comitatus Cesane…unam medietatem" to "dńi Ezzelini" by charter dated 28 Mar 1218[1030]

3.         VENDRAMINO (-after 28 Mar 1218).  Conte di Cesano.  "Dńo Ugulino, Bartholomeo, Vendramino fratribus de Cesana et Roberto eorum nepote simul consortibus comitatus Cesane" sold "comitatus Cesane…unam medietatem" to "dńi Ezzelini" by charter dated 28 Mar 1218[1031]

4.         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         ROBERTO (-after 28 Mar 1218).  Conte di Cesano.  "Dńo Ugulino, Bartholomeo, Vendramino fratribus de Cesana et Roberto eorum nepote simul consortibus comitatus Cesane" sold "comitatus Cesane…unam medietatem" to "dńi Ezzelini" by charter dated 28 Mar 1218[1032]

 



[1] Tonini, L. (1842) Rimini nel secolo XIII (Rimini), Vol. 3, Documenti, 492, p. 492. 

[2] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XLVIII, p. 450. 

[3] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, LXVII, p. 492. 

[4] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, LXVII, p. 492. 

[5] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XCVI, p. 535. 

[6] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVII, p. 585. 

[7] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVII, p. 585. 

[8] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVII, p. 585. 

[9] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVII, p. 585. 

[10] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVII, p. 585. 

[11] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVII, p. 585. 

[12] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, LXVII, p. 492. 

[13] Muratori, L. A. (ed.) (1730) Rerum Italicarum Scriptores ("RIS") (Milan) Tome XVI, Chronicon Placentinum, col. 464. 

[14] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 466. 

[15] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 468. 

[16] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 472. 

[17] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 476. 

[18] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 476. 

[19] Chronicon Astense, XVI, RIS, XI, col. 173. 

[20] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 476. 

[21] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 476. 

[22] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 476. 

[23] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 472. 

[24] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 476. 

[25] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 486. 

[26] Cronica Fratris Salimbene de Adam, Ordinis Minorem, MGH SS XXXII, p. 376. 

[27] Miller, W. (1921) Essays on the Latin Orient (Cambridge), 10, The Marquisate of Boudonitza, p. 245. 

[28] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 562. 

[29] Annales Mediolanenses, Cap. LXXIV, RIS XVI, col. 688. 

[30] Annales Mediolanenses, Cap. LXXXVI, RIS XVI, col. 694. 

[31] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 562. 

[32] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 556. 

[33] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 556. 

[34] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, pp. 379-723. 

[35] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, 492, p. 492. 

[36] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XCVI, p. 535. 

[37] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXVI, p. 570. 

[38] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXXIX, p. 632. 

[39] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XIX, p. 407. 

[40] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XX, p. 408. 

[41] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XIX, p. 407. 

[42] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XX, p. 408. 

[43] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XIX, p. 407. 

[44] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXX, p. 597. 

[45] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLI, p. 642. 

[46] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CX, p. 563. 

[47] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXI, p. 565. 

[48] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXII, p. 566. 

[49] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXIII, p. 567. 

[50] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVI, p. 584. 

[51] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXX, p. 597. 

[52] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CL, p. 641. 

[53] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXII, p. 566. 

[54] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXI, p. 575. 

[55] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXIII, p. 567. 

[56] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLI, p. 642. 

[57] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLXXXIII, p. 717. 

[58] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXIII, p. 567. 

[59] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXX, p. 597. 

[60] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLXXXIII, p. 717. 

[61] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLI, p. 642. 

[62] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLV, p. 652. 

[63] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXXIX, p. 632. 

[64] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XXV, p. 419. 

[65] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XLVIII, p. 450. 

[66] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, LXXVII, p. 508. 

[67] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, LXVII, p. 492. 

[68] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XCVI, p. 535. 

[69] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXVI, p. 570. 

[70] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVI, p. 584. 

[71] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CL, p. 641. 

[72] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLV, p. 652. 

[73] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLXVII, p. 675. 

[74] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLXXVIII, p. 706. 

[75] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CL, p. 641. 

[76] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, LXXXVI, p. 524. 

[77] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLXXVI, p. 699. 

[78] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVII, p. 585. 

[79] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXXIX, p. 632. 

[80] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XXV, p. 419. 

[81] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XLVIII, p. 450. 

[82] Muratori, L. A. (1717) Delle Antichitŕ Estensi ed Italiane, Parte I (Modena) ("Muratori (Este)"), Parte I, p. 236. 

[83] Muratori (Este), Parte I, p. 239. 

[84] Moriondus, J. B. (1789) Monumenta Aquensia (Turin), Pars I, col. 69. 

[85] Ogerii Panis Annales, MGH SS XVIII, p. 119. 

[86] Ogerii Panis Annales, MGH SS XVIII, p. 119. 

[87] Ogerii Panis Annales, MGH SS XVIII, p. 119. 

[88] Ogerii Panis Annales, MGH SS XVIII, p. 119. 

[89] Moriondus, J. B. (1790) Monumenta Aquensia (Turin), Pars II, col. 344. 

[90] Tola, P. (ed.) (1861) Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, Monumenta Historić Patrić, Tome X (Aosta) (“Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I”), CXX, p. 399. 

[91] Chronicon Astense, XVIII, RIS, XI, col. 182. 

[92] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXX, p. 399. 

[93] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXX, p. 399. 

[94] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXX, p. 399. 

[95] Fara, Liber II, p. 226. 

[96] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXI, p. 402. 

[97] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXI, p. 402. 

[98] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXI, p. 402. 

[99] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXI, p. 402. 

[100] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXI, p. 402. 

[101] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXI, p. 402. 

[102] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXII, p. 405. 

[103] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXII, p. 405. 

[104] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXIII, p. 408. 

[105] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXIV, p. 410. 

[106] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXIV, p. 410. 

[107] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXIV, p. 410. 

[108] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXIV, p. 410. 

[109] Chronicon Astense, XVIII, RIS, XI, col. 181. 

[110] Chronicon Astense, XVIII, RIS, XI, col. 181. 

[111] Chronicon Astense, XVIII, RIS, XI, col. 181. 

[112] Chronicon Astense, XVIII, RIS, XI, col. 182. 

[113] Monumenta Aquensia, Pars II, col. 605. 

[114] Monumenta Aquensia, Pars II, col. 585. 

[115] Petri Azarii Chronicon, Cap. IX, RIS XVI, col. 317. 

[116] Monumenta Aquensia, Pars II, col. 604. 

[117] Monumenta Aquensia, Pars II, Historiam Aquensem,Monferratensem ac Pedemontanam, col. 178. 

[118] Tallone, A. (ed.) (1906) Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo (1091-1340), Biblioteca della societŕ storica subalpina, Vol. XVII (Pinerolo) ("Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo"), 785, p. 212. 

[119] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 908, p. 261. 

[120] Monumenta Aquensia, Pars II, col. 498. 

[121] Monumenta Aquensia, Pars II, col. 604. 

[122] Ganchou, T. 'Ilario Doria, le Gambros génois de Manuel II Palaiologos: Beau-frčre ou gendre?' Revue des études byzantines, Tome 66 (2008), p. 87, available at <http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/rebyz_0766-5598_2008_num_66_1_3033> (21 Dec 2012). 

[123] Ganchou 'Ilario Doria' (2008), p. 87. 

[124] Ganchou 'Ilario Doria' (2008), p. 87, no precise citation references. 

[125] Ganchou 'Ilario Doria' (2008), p. 84, citing Calcagnino, A. (1599) Annali (Genoa), f. 446r-7r, and p. 89 quoting the complete document. 

[126] Bekker, I. (ed.) (1838) Georgios Phrantzes, Corpus Scriptorum Historić Byzantinć (Bonn), Liber I, 40, p. 118. 

[127] Ganchou 'Ilario Doria' (2008), p. 93, Document 3. 

[128] Du Fresne du Cange, C. (1680) Historia Byzantina, Familias ac Stemmata Imperatorum, Vol. I (Paris), p. 245, citing "Hist. Polit. p. 2, Itinerar. Regina Polonia, p. 337". 

[129] Ganchou 'Ilario Doria' (2008), pp. 86-7. 

[130] Markham, C. L. (1859) Narrative of the Embassy to the Court of Timour at Samarcand 1403-6 (London), pp. 29-30. 

[131] Ganchou 'Ilario Doria' (2008), p. 73, quoting López Estrada, F. (1943) Embajada a Tamorlán (Madrid), p. 35. 

[132] Miklosich, F. & Müller, J. (1865) Acta et diplomata graeca medii aevi III (Vienna), xxxv, p. 162. 

[133] Ganchou 'Ilario Doria' (2008), p. 73. 

[134] Laonici Chalcocondylć De Rebus Turcicis, IV, p. 172. 

[135] Ganchou 'Ilario Doria' (2008), p. 75. 

[136] Ganchou 'Ilario Doria' (2008), pp. 76-9, 81, citing on p. 76 Calcagnino (1599), f. 446r, and on p. 81 references to the Papal bulls. 

[137] Ganchou 'Ilario Doria' (2008), p. 84, citing Calcagnino (1599), f. 446r-7r, and p. 89 quoting the complete document. 

[138] Laonici Chalcocondylć De Rebus Turcicis, IV, p. 172. 

[139] Du Fresne du Cange (1680), Vol. I (Paris), p. 245, citing "Hist. Polit. p. 2, Itinerar. Regina Polonia, p. 337". 

[140] Georgios Phrantzes Liber I, 40, p. 118. 

[141] Belgrano, L. T. (ed.) (1891) Annali Genovesi di Caffaro e de´ suoi continuatori, Vol. 1, Fonti per la Storia d´Italia (Genoa), ("Caffaro Annali Genovesi"), pp. 26 and 27. 

[142] Caffaro Annali Genovesi, p. 64. 

[143] Belgrano, L. T. (ed.) (1891) Annali Genovesi di Caffaro e de´ suoi continuatori, Vol. 1, Fonti per la Storia d´Italia (Genoa), Oberti Cancelarii Annales, p. 229. 

[144] Belgrano, L. T. & Imperiale di Sant´ Angelo, C.  (ed.) (1901) Annali Genovesi di Caffaro e de´ suoi continuatori, Vol. 2, Fonti per la Storia d´Italia (Genoa), VII, Ottobonć Scribć Annales 1174-1196, p. 19. 

[145] Ottobonć Scribć Annales 1174-1196, p. 44. 

[146] Belgrano, L. T. & Imperiale di Sant´ Angelo, C.  (ed.) (1901) Annali Genovesi di Caffaro e de´ suoi continuatori, Vol. 2, Fonti per la Storia d´Italia (Genoa), VIII, Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 72. 

[147] Ferretto, A. (ed.) ´Documenti intorno alle relazioni fra Alba e Genova (1141-1270)´, Biblioteca della societŕ storica subalpina, Vol. XXIII (Pinerolo, 1906) ("Alba Genova Relazioni"), IV, p. 2. 

[148] Caffaro Annali Genovesi, pp. 13 and 15. 

[149] Caffaro Annali Genovesi, pp. 32, 36-7, 47, 60, 73. 

[150] Oberti Cancelarii Annales, pp. 201 and 247. 

[151] Monumenta Aquensia, Pars II, col. 344. 

[152] Caffaro Annali Genovesi, pp. 37 and 53. 

[153] Ottobonć Scribć Annales 1174-1196, p. 43. 

[154] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 80. 

[155] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 84. 

[156] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 120. 

[157] Ottobonć Scribć Annales 1174-1196, p. 44. 

[158] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, pp. 105 and 130. 

[159] Alba Genova Relazioni, XXXIV, p. 17. 

[160] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 144. 

[161] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 107. 

[162] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 108. 

[163] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 139. 

[164] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 108. 

[165] Belgrano, L. T. & Imperiale di Sant´ Angelo, C.  (ed.) (1901) Annali Genovesi di Caffaro e de´ suoi continuatori, Vol. 2, Fonti per la Storia d´Italia (Genoa), IX, Marchisii Scribć Annales 1220-1224, p. 188. 

[166] Alba Genova Relazioni, CCLXXIV, p. 232. 

[167] Alba Genova Relazioni, CCLXXIV, p. 232. 

[168] Alba Genova Relazioni, CCLXXIV, p. 232. 

[169] Alba Genova Relazioni, CCLXXIV, p. 232. 

[170] Bartholomći de Neocastro Historia Sicula, Re, G. del (ed.) (1868) Cronisti e scrittori sincroni Napoletani, Vol. 2 (Naples), p. 414. 

[171] Chronicon Astense, XVIII, RIS, XI, col. 181. 

[172] Bartholomći de Neocastro Historia Sicula, p. 414. 

[173] Chronicon Astense, XVIII, RIS, XI, col. 181. 

[174] Chronicon Astense, XVIII, RIS, XI, col. 182. 

[175] Chronicon Astense, XVIII, RIS, XI, col. 182. 

[176] Chronicon Astense, XLII, RIS, XI, col. 208. 

[177] Bekker, I. (ed.) (1835) Georgii Pachymeris De Michaele et Andronico Palaeologis, Corpus Scriptorum Historić Byzantinć (Bonn), Andronicus Palćologus, Liber VII, 18, p. 598. 

[178] Ragionamento familiare dell´origine…de…Marchesi di Monferrato…per Benvenuto di S. Giorgio ("Benvenuto di San Giorgio"), RIS XXIII, col. 421, quoting Ruffino Ventura Astense. 

[179] Chronicon Astense, XLII, RIS, XI, col. 208. 

[180] Legé, V., Gabotto, F. (eds.) ´Documenti degli archivi Tortonensi relativi alla storia di Voghera´, Biblioteca della societŕ storica subalpina, Vol. XXXIX (Pinerolo, 1908) ("Voghera"), XVI, p. 33. 

[181] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome V, p. 226. 

[182] Diurnali di Matteo Spinelli di Giovinazzo, Re, G. del (ed.) (1868) Cronisti e scrittori sincroni Napoletani, Vol. 2 (Naples), p. 636. 

[183] Miller, W. (1921) Essays on the Latin Orient (Cambridge), IV.I, The Zaccaria of Phocća and Chios, Appendix, Digest of Genoese Documents, p. 295. 

[184] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome II, p. 300. 

[185] Annales S. Iustinć Patavini, MGH SS XIX, p. 183. 

[186] Cronica Fratris Salimbene de Adam, Ordinis Minorem, MGH SS XXXII, p. 168. 

[187] Historia Ricobaldi Ferrariensis, RIS IX, col. 135. 

[188] Chronicon Estense, RIS XVI, col. 339. 

[189] Luard, H. R. (ed.) Matthći Parisiensis, Monachi Sancti Albani, Chronica Majora (1874) (“MP”), Vol. V, 1251, p. 255. 

[190] Marie José (1956) La Maison de Savoie, Les Origines, Le Comte Vert, Le Comte Rouge (Paris, Albin Michel), p. 40. 

[191] Pansa, Vita del gran pontefice Innocenzio quarto (Napoli 1598), cited in MP, Vol. V, p. 255 footnote 3. 

[192] The Inventory of the State Archives of Turin, consulted at <http://ww2.multix.it/asto/asp/inventari.asp> (2 Feb 2006) ("State Archives"), volume 104, page 11, fascicules 11.1, 2 and 3. 

[193] Wurstenberger, L. (1858) Peter der Zweite Graf von Savoyen, Markgraf in Italien, sein Haus und seine Lande (Bern, Zurich), Vol. IV, 814, p. 465. 

[194] State Archives, volume 104, pages 31-32, fascicules 19.1 and 2, and Guichenon, S. (1780) Histoire généalogique de la royale maison de Savoie (Turin) ("Guichenon (Savoie)"), Tome IV, Preuves, p. 100. 

[195] Monumenta Aquensia, Pars I, col. 251. 

[196] Monumenta Aquensia, Pars I, col. 251. 

[197] MP V 1251, p. 255. 

[198] Voghera, Appendice, CLXIV, p. 222. 

[199] Voghera, XVI, p. 33. 

[200] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 37, p. 11. 

[201] Gabotto, F., Legé, V. (eds.) ´Le carte dello archivio capitulare di Tortona (sec. IX-1220)´, Biblioteca della societŕ storica subalpina, Vol. XXIX (Pinerolo, 1905) ("Tortona Capitolare"), LXI, p. 83. 

[202] Ottobonć Scribć Annales 1174-1196, p. 5. 

[203] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 454. 

[204] Ottobonć Scribć Annales 1174-1196, p. 5. 

[205] Voghera, XXVII, p. 54. 

[206] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 456. 

[207] Tortona Capitolare, CXXXVII, p. 171. 

[208] Tortona Capitolare, CXXXVIII, p. 172. 

[209] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 120. 

[210] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 146. 

[211] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 151. 

[212] Voghera, LIX, p. 99. 

[213] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 120. 

[214] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 146. 

[215] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 151. 

[216] Voghera, XXVII, p. 54. 

[217] Tortona Capitolare, CXXXVII, p. 171. 

[218] Tortona Capitolare, CXXXVIII, p. 172. 

[219] Voghera, XXVII, p. 54. 

[220] Tortona Capitolare, CXXXVIII, p. 172. 

[221] Voghera, LIX, p. 99. 

[222] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 471. 

[223] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 471. 

[224] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 471. 

[225] Monumenta Aquensia, Pars II, Historiam Aquensem,Monferratensem ac Pedemontanam, col. 170. 

[226] Muratori (Este), Parte I, p. 230. 

[227] Muratori (Este), Parte I, p. 232. 

[228] Muratori (Este), Parte I, p. 230. 

[229] Muratori (Este), Parte I, p. 234. 

[230] Tortona Capitolare, CXXXVII, p. 171. 

[231] Muratori (Este), Parte I, p. 236. 

[232] Muratori (Este), Parte I, p. 234. 

[233] Muratori (Este), Parte I, p. 230. 

[234] Moris, H. & Blanc, E. (eds.) (1883) Cartulaire de l´abbaye de Lérins, 1čre partie (Paris) ("Lérins"), CCCXII, p. 319. 

[235] Marchisii Scribć Annales 1220-1224, p. 179. 

[236] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 151. 

[237] Marchisii Scribć Annales 1220-1224, p. 179. 

[238] Capasso, B. (1874) Historia diplomatica regni Sicilić 1250-1266 (Naples), 343, p. 205. 

[239] Ficker, J. (1874) Forschungen zue Reichs- und Rechtsgechichte Italiens (Innsbruck), Band IV, 136, p. 179. 

[240] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 64, p. 20. 

[241] Tallone, A. (ed.) ´Cartario della abazia di Casanova fino all´anno 1313´, Biblioteca della societŕ storica subalpina, Vol. XIV (Pinerolo, 1903) ("Casanova"), LXXV bis, p. 518. 

[242] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, Appendice di documenti inediti, X, p. 329. 

[243] Casanova, CCXLVII, p. 198. 

[244] Cipolla, C. (ed.) ´Il gruppo dei diplomi Adelaidini in favore dell´abbazia di Pinerolo´, Biblioteca della societŕ storica subalpina, Vol. II (Pinerolo, 1899) ("Pinerolo (Diplomi Adelaidini)"), II, p. 318. 

[245] Asti Capitolare (antiche carte), CLXXVII, p. 343. 

[246] Colombo, G. (ed.) ´Documenti di Scarnafigi´, Biblioteca della societŕ storica subalpina, Vol. XII (Pinerolo, 1902) ("Scarnafagi"), IV, p. 239. 

[247] Carutti, D. ´Supplemento ai Regesta comitum Sabaudić, marchionum in Italia´, Miscellanea di Storia Italiana, Tomo XL (3e serie, Tomo IX, Turin, 1904), ("Regesta comitum Sabaudić (supplemento)"), XIX, p. 13, quoting Cartario Della Abazia di Cavour (1900), p. 31. 

[248] Pinerolo (Diplomi Adelaidini), VI, p. 339. 

[249] Asti Capitolare (antiche carte), CLXXVII, p. 343. 

[250] Scarnafagi, IV, p. 239. 

[251] Carutti, D. (1889) Regesta comitum Sabaudić, marchionum in Italia (Turin) ("Regesta comitum Sabaudić"), CCXCV, p. 106. 

[252] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, CCXCV, p. 106. 

[253] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, CCCVII, p. 112. 

[254] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, CCCXLI, p. 124. 

[255] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, CCCLXXVIII, p. 139. 

[256] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, CCXCV, p. 106. 

[257] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, CMLIX, p. 333. 

[258] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, CMLIX, p. 333. 

[259] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, CMLIX, p. 333. 

[260] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, DCLXIX, p. 236, citing Tillier, J. B. de (1888) Historique de la vallée d´Aoste, Seigneuries, p. 13. 

[261] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, DCLXXXVII, p. 241. 

[262] ES XV 41-47. 

[263] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, DCLXIX, p. 236, citing Tillier (1888), p. 13. 

[264] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, DCLXXXVII, p. 241. 

[265] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, DCLXIX, p. 236, citing Tillier (1888), p. 13. 

[266] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, DCLXXXVII, p. 241. 

[267] ES XV 40, extinct in the male line after 1384.  

[268] Regesta comitum Sabaudić (supplemento), L, p. 25. 

[269] Regesta comitum Sabaudić (supplemento), LXII, p. 30. 

[270] Regesta comitum Sabaudić (supplemento), LXII, p. 30. 

[271] Regesta comitum Sabaudić (supplemento), LXII, p. 30. 

[272] Regesta comitum Sabaudić (supplemento), LXII, p. 30. 

[273] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CCCCXXIII, col. 708. 

[274] Petri Azarii de Bello Canepiciano, RIS XVI, cols. 425-26. 

[275] Bernard, A. and Bruel, A. (eds.) (1878) Recueil des chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny ( Paris) Tome IV, 3600, p. 757. 

[276] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CCCCXXIII, col. 708. 

[277] RHC, Historiens occidentaux, Tome IV (Paris, 1879), Alberti Aquensis Historia Hierosolymitana ("Albert of Aix (RHC)"), Liber VIII, Cap. I, p. 559. 

[278] Runciman, S. (1978) A History of the Crusades (Penguin), Vol. 2, pp. 21-23. 

[279] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber IX, Cap. I, p. 591. 

[280] MGH Const. I, Heinrici V Constitutiones, 95, p. 144. 

[281] Muratori, L. A. (1744) Annali d´Italia (Milano), Tomo VI, p. 399. 

[282] Cluny Tome IV, 3600, p. 757. 

[283] Cluny Tome IV, 3616, p. 777. 

[284] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CCCCXXIII, col. 708. 

[285] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber VIII, Cap. I, p. 559. 

[286] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber VIII, Cap. I, p. 559. 

[287] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber IX, Cap. I, p. 591. 

[288] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber IX, Cap. XXX, p. 608. 

[289] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CCCCLXXXI, col. 782. 

[290] Gabotto, F., Gabiani, N. (eds.) ´Le carte dello archivio capitulare di Asti (830, 948, 1111-1237)´, Biblioteca della societŕ storica subalpina, Vol. XXXVII (Pinerolo, 1907) ("Asti Capitolare"), XXII, p. 23. 

[291] RHC, Historiens occidentaux I, Historia Rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum ("L'estoire de Eracles Empereur et la conqueste de la terre d'Outremer") (“WT”) XVII.I, p. 758. 

[292] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DXLIX, col. 864. 

[293] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DLXXXVI, col. 909. 

[294] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DCXXXII, col. 957. 

[295] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DCLX, col. 991. 

[296] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 111, p. 34. 

[297] Casanova, CXXXII, p. 119. 

[298] Fine, J. V. A. (1994) The Late Medieval Balkans, A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest (Ann Arbour, University of Michigan Press), pp. 87-9, and Miller, W. (1908) The Latins in the Levant.  A History of Frankish Greece (1204-1566) (Cambridge and New York), p. 73. 

[299] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DCCCXLVIII, col. 1260. 

[300] Huillard-Bréholles, J. L. A. (1852) Historia Diplomatica Friderici Secundi (Paris), Tome II, Part 1, p. 186. 

[301] Baron F. de Gingins-la-Sarraz (ed.) (1847) Documents pour servir ŕ l'histoire des Comtes de Biandrate (Turin) ("Biandrate"), p. 18. 

[302] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DCLXI (incorrectly marked DCLI), col. 993. 

[303] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DCCXCI, col. 1162. 

[304] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DCCCXLVIII, col. 1260. 

[305] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DCCXCI, col. 1162. 

[306] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DCCXCI, col. 1162. 

[307] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DCLXI (incorrectly marked DCLI), col. 993. 

[308] Biandrate, I, p. 39. 

[309] Gabotto, F., Roberti, G. & Chiattone, D. (eds.) ´Cartario Della abazia di Staffarda, I´, Biblioteca della societŕ storica subalpina, Vol. XI (Pinerolo, 1901) ("Staffarda"), CXXXIV, p. 136. 

[310] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DCCCXLVIII, col. 1260. 

[311] Biandrate, p. 19, citing Cibrario Storia di Chieri, Tome II, p. 82 [not yet consulted]. 

[312] Biandrate, p. 19, quoting Fragment aux Archives de Valčre ŕ Sion. 

[313] Biandrate, Appendice B, no. 3, p. 65. 

[314] Biandrate, Appendice B, no. 3, pp. 65-6 sets out his supposed four sons. 

[315] Gesta Friderici Imperatoris Ottonis Frisingensis 4.15, MGH SS XX, p. 454. 

[316] Biandrate, II, p. 40. 

[317] Biandrate, IV, p. 41. 

[318] Biandrate, V, p. 42. 

[319] Biandrate, VI, p. 43. 

[320] Biandrate, VIII, p. 45. 

[321] Biandrate, VII, p. 44. 

[322] Biandrate, X, p. 47. 

[323] Biandrate, VI, p. 43. 

[324] Biandrate, VII, p. 44. 

[325] Biandrate, VIII, p. 45. 

[326] Biandrate, IX, p. 46. 

[327] Biandrate, IX, p. 46. 

[328] Biandrate, XII, p. 49. 

[329] Biandrate, IX, p. 46.  

[330] Biandrate, XII, p. 49. 

[331] Biandrate, XIII, p. 51. 

[332] Biandrate, XIV, p. 52. 

[333] Charričre, M. L. de (1868) Les sires de la Tour, mayors de Sion, seigneurs de Châtillon, en Vallais et leur maison, Mémoires et documents publiés par la société d´histoire de la Suisse romande, Tome XXIV (Lausanne), Pičces justificatives, 61, p. 394. 

[334] Charričre (1868), Pičces justificatives, 61, p. 394. 

[335] Biandrate, XI, p. 48. 

[336] Biandrate, XII, p. 49. 

[337] Biandrate, XV, p. 53. 

[338] Biandrate, XVI, p. 54. 

[339] Biandrate, VIII, p. 45. 

[340] Biandrate, VI, p. 43. 

[341] D K II 67, p. 83. 

[342] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, CXXI, p. 42. 

[343] Regesta comitum Sabaudić, CXXI, p. 42. 

[344] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CCCLXII, col. 613. 

[345] ES III 593. 

[346] Staffarda, Vol. I, XVI, p. 28. 

[347] Staffarda, Vol. I, XVI, p. 28. 

[348] Staffarda, Vol. I, XVI, p. 28. 

[349] Staffarda, Vol. I, XVI, p. 28. 

[350] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 107, p. 33. 

[351] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 107, p. 33. 

[352] Gabotto, F. (ed.) ´Cartario di Pinerolo fino all´anno 1300´, Biblioteca della societŕ storica subalpina, Vol. II (Pinerolo, 1899) ("Pinerolo"), LXXXVI, p. 117. 

[353] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 305, p. 88, and Pinerolo, XCV, p. 133. 

[354] Casanova, CCXLVII, p. 198. 

[355] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 305, p. 88, and Pinerolo, XCV, p. 133. 

[356] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 139, p. 43. 

[357] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 305, p. 88, and Pinerolo, XCV, p. 133. 

[358] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 139, p. 43. 

[359] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 305, p. 88, and Pinerolo, XCV, p. 133. 

[360] Pinerolo, LXXXVI, p. 117. 

[361] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 305, p. 88, and Pinerolo, XCV, p. 133. 

[362] Pinerolo, CXIX, p. 192. 

[363] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 139, p. 43. 

[364] Pinerolo, LXXXVI, p. 117. 

[365] Pinerolo, LXXXVI, p. 117. 

[366] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXXVIII, p. 456. 

[367] Cibrario, A. (ed.) (1835) Johannis Francisci Farć de Chrographia Sardinić, De Rebus Sardois (Torino) (“Fara”). 

[368] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, I, p. 147. 

[369] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, III, p. 148. 

[370] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, II, p. 148. 

[371] Fara, Liber II, p. 219. 

[372] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, VII, p. 153. 

[373] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, VIII, p. 154. 

[374] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, X, p. 156. 

[375] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome I, p. 420. 

[376] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 523. 

[377] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, VII, p. 153. 

[378] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, VIII, p. 154. 

[379] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 523. 

[380] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 528. 

[381] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, VII, p. 153. 

[382] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, VIII, p. 154. 

[383] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 523. 

[384] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 524. 

[385] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 528. 

[386] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 523. 

[387] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 524. 

[388] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 523. 

[389] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 523. 

[390] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 628. 

[391] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 628. 

[392] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 524. 

[393] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 528. 

[394] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 524. 

[395] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 528. 

[396] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 628. 

[397] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXV, p. 197. 

[398] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 628. 

[399] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, I, p. 177. 

[400] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, II, p. 178. 

[401] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 628. 

[402] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, II, p. 178. 

[403] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, II, p. 178. 

[404] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 628. 

[405] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 523. 

[406] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 524. 

[407] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, III, p. 178. 

[408] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, V, p. 180. 

[409] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, VI, p. 181. 

[410] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 628. 

[411] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXV, p. 197. 

[412] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, V, p. 180. 

[413] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXV, p. 197. 

[414] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, V, p. 180. 

[415] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 628. 

[416] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXV, p. 197. 

[417] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LVII, p. 217. 

[418] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXXIV, p. 227. 

[419] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXXIV, p. 227. 

[420] Fara, Liber II, p. 226. 

[421] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XCIII, p. 239. 

[422] Muratori, L. A. (1778) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome XV, col. 9. 

[423] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXIX, p. 323. 

[424] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXV, p. 319. 

[425] Fara, Liber II, p. 227. 

[426] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CMLXXII, col. 1442. 

[427] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome VI, col. 120. 

[428] Tola, P. (1837) Dizionario Biografico degli Uomini Illustri di Sardegna (Torino), Vol. I, p. 124. 

[429] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXIX, p. 323. 

[430] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXXII, p. 328. 

[431] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXXV, p. 329. 

[432] Muratori, L. A. (1778) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome XV, col. 7. 

[433] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XLV, p. 338. 

[434] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXXII, p. 328. 

[435] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXXXVI, p. 363. 

[436] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CMLXX, col. 1439. 

[437] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CMLXXVI, col. 1457. 

[438] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, X, p. 310. 

[439] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXII, p. 349. 

[440] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXXXVI, p. 363. 

[441] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CMLXIX, col. 1437. 

[442] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CMLXXVI, col. 1457. 

[443] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CMLXIX, col. 1437. 

[444] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CMLXX, col. 1439. 

[445] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CMLXXII, col. 1442. 

[446] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CMLXXVI, col. 1457. 

[447] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CMLXXVI, col. 1457. 

[448] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, CMLXXVI, col. 1457. 

[449] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, X, p. 156. 

[450] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXI, p. 164. 

[451] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXI, p. 164. 

[452] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXI, p. 164. 

[453] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXI, p. 164. 

[454] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXII, p. 165. 

[455] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXII, p. 165. 

[456] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome I, p. 417. 

[457] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome I, p. 417. 

[458] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XII, p. 185. 

[459] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XIII, p. 186. 

[460] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome I, p. 417. 

[461] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XII, p. 185. 

[462] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome I, p. 417. 

[463] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome I, p. 417. 

[464] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XIII, p. 186. 

[465] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XIII, p. 186. 

[466] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XIII, p. 186. 

[467] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XV, p. 187. 

[468] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XIII, p. 186. 

[469] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome I, p. 417. 

[470] Fara, Liber II, p. 237. 

[471] Fara, Liber II, p. 237. 

[472] Fara, Liber II, p. 237. 

[473] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXI, p. 253. 

[474] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XLI, p. 207. 

[475] Fara, Liber II, p. 237. 

[476] Fara, Liber II, p. 237. 

[477] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXXVII, p. 231. 

[478] Fara, Liber II, p. 237. 

[479] Fara, Liber II, p. 237. 

[480] Fara, Liber II, p. 237. 

[481] Fara, Liber II, p. 237. 

[482] Fara, Liber II, p. 237. 

[483] Fara, Liber II, p. 237. 

[484] Fara, Liber II, p. 237. 

[485] Fara, Liber II, p. 237. 

[486] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LVII, p. 217. 

[487] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXIV, p. 220. 

[488] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXXVII, p. 231. 

[489] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome I, p. 420. 

[490] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DXXXI, col. 842. 

[491] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXXXIII, p. 234.  

[492] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XCIII, p. 239. 

[493] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXI, p. 253. 

[494] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXIII, p. 254. 

[495] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXLIII, p. 278. 

[496] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXIV, p. 220. 

[497] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DXXXI, col. 842. 

[498] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXVII, p. 256. 

[499] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXIII, p. 260. 

[500] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXV, p. 261. 

[501] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXXVIII, p. 274. 

[502] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXLIII, p. 278. 

[503] Fara, Liber II, p. 239. 

[504] Fara, Liber II, p. 238. 

[505] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, VIII, p. 309. 

[506] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXLIII, p. 278. 

[507] Fara, Liber II, p. 239. 

[508] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXX, p. 324. 

[509] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome VI, col. 120. 

[510] Tola (1837), Vol. I, p. 124. 

[511] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXLIII, p. 278. 

[512] Historić Patrić Monumenta, Tome I, DXXXI, col. 842. 

[513] Fara, Liber II, p. 227. 

[514] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXV, p. 261. 

[515] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXVI, p. 320. 

[516] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXVI, p. 320. 

[517] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXVII, p. 256. 

[518] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXXVII, p. 273. 

[519] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXXVIII, p. 274. 

[520] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXLI, p. 277. 

[521] Monsalvatje y Fossas, F. (ed.) (1902) Colección diplomática del Condado de Besalú Tome XII, II de la collección diplomática (Olot), DCXXIX, p. 50. 

[522] Colección diplomática del Condado de Besalú (Tome XII, II), DCXXXVI, p. 56. 

[523] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXLVIII, p. 282. 

[524] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, X, p. 310. 

[525] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXII, p. 349. 

[526] Colección diplomática del Condado de Besalú (Tome XII, II), DCLXCII, p. 92, extract only in translation, citing Archivo del Gran Priorato de Cataluńa, Armario 2, pergami 238. 

[527] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XLVII, p. 340. 

[528] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XLX, p. 342. 

[529] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXII, p. 349. 

[530] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXVI, p. 351. 

[531] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XLVII, p. 340. 

[532] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XLX, p. 342. 

[533] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXII, p. 349. 

[534] ES III 746a and 746b, at end of ES XV. 

[535] Fara, Liber II, p. 230. 

[536] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, X, p. 156. 

[537] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXIII, p. 195. 

[538] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, X, p. 184. 

[539] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, X, p. 184. 

[540] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XIX, p. 191. 

[541] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XX, p. 192. 

[542] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXIII, p. 195. 

[543] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LVII, p. 217. 

[544] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXXII, p. 225. 

[545] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CI, p. 244. 

[546] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXXII, p. 225. 

[547] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CI, p. 244. 

[548] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CI, p. 244. 

[549] Tola (1837), Vol. I, p. 119. 

[550] Tola (1837), Vol. I, p. 119. 

[551] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, IX, p. 309. 

[552] Tola (1838), Vol. III, p. 22. 

[553] Tola (1838), Vol. III, p. 22. 

[554] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXVI, p. 418. 

[555] Annales Veteres Mutinensium, RIS, XI, col. 75. 

[556] Gualvanei de la Flamma opusculum de rebus gestis Azonis Vicecomitis, RIS XIV, col. 998. 

[557] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XLVII, p. 340. 

[558] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XLX, p. 342. 

[559] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXII, p. 349. 

[560] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, IX, p. 309. 

[561] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXX, p. 324. 

[562] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XLIII, p. 334. 

[563] Tola (1837), Vol. I, p. 119. 

[564] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, IX, p. 309. 

[565] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XLIII, p. 334. 

[566] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LVIII, p. 347. 

[567] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome VI, col. 11. 

[568] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XLIII, p. 334. 

[569] Fara, Liber II, p. 227. 

[570] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome VI, col. 9. 

[571] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome VI, col. 13. 

[572] Fara, Liber II, p. 219. 

[573] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, VI, p. 153. 

[574] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LVI, p. 216. 

[575] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, VI, p. 153. 

[576] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, X, p. 156. 

[577] Fara, Liber II, p. 225. 

[578] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LVI, p. 216. 

[579] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXVIII, p. 199. 

[580] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LVI, p. 216. 

[581] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXVIII, p. 199. 

[582] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XL, p. 206. 

[583] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XL, p. 206. 

[584] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LVI, p. 216. 

[585] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LVII, p. 217. 

[586] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LIX, p. 218. 

[587] Fara, Liber II, p. 226. 

[588] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LIX, p. 218. 

[589] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LXXXIII, p. 234. 

[590] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XCVII, p. 240. 

[591] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CVIII, p. 250. 

[592] Tola (1837), Vol. I, p. 117. 

[593] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LIX, p. 218. 

[594] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XCVII, p. 240. 

[595] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CVIII, p. 250. 

[596] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XCVII, p. 240. 

[597] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CVIII, p. 250. 

[598] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXXV, p. 269. 

[599] Fara, Liber II, p. 227. 

[600] Fara, Liber II, p. 226. 

[601] Fara, Liber II, p. 226. 

[602] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XCIII, p. 239. 

[603] Fara, Liber II, p. 226. 

[604] Fara, Liber II, p. 226. 

[605] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXXVI, p. 270. 

[606] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XX, p. 317. 

[607] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 189, p. 59. 

[608] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXXI, p. 326. 

[609] Fara, Liber II, p. 227. 

[610] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XX, p. 317. 

[611] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXXVI, p. 270. 

[612] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XX, p. 317. 

[613] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XXXI, p. 326. 

[614] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, XLIV, p. 337. 

[615] Fara, Liber II, p. 227. 

[616] Fara, Liber II, p. 227. 

[617] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LII, p. 343. 

[618] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1235, MGH SS XXIII, p. 937. 

[619] Fara, Liber II, p. 227. 

[620] Fara, Liber II, p. 227. 

[621] Thomas Tusci Gesta Imperatorum et Pontificum, MGH SS XXII, p. 515. 

[622] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, LVIII, p. 347. 

[623] Annales Placentini Gibellini 1238, MGH SS XVIII, p. 480. 

[624] Fara, Liber II, p. 227. 

[625] Moriondus, J. B. (1790) Monumenta Aquensia (Turin), Pars II, Historiam Aquensem,Monferratensem ac Pedemontanam, col. 178. 

[626] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 135, p. 42, and State Archives, volume 25, page 11, fascicule 2. 

[627] Regesto dei Marchesi di Saluzzo, 189, p. 59. 

[628] Fara, Liber II, p. 227. 

[629] Schneider, F. (ed.) (1907) Regestum Volaterranum, Regesta Chartarum Italić (Rome) ("Volterra") 197, p. 71. 

[630] Volterra 185, p. 63. 

[631] Volterra 194, p. 69. 

[632] Volterra 197, p. 71. 

[633] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 260. 

[634] Volterra 185, p. 63. 

[635] Volterra 971, p. 330. 

[636] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 260. 

[637] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 260. 

[638] Hartwig, O. (1875) Quellen und Forschungen zur ältesten Geschichte der Stadt Florenz (Marburg), pp. 189-90. 

[639] Hartwig (1875), Sanzanomis Gesta Florentinorum, p. 6. 

[640] Sanzanomis Gesta Florentinorum, p. 5. 

[641] Poull (1994), p. 59. 

[642] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 263. 

[643] Annales Senenses, MGH SS XIX, p. 227. 

[644] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, V, XXXVII, RIS XIII, col. 149. 

[645] Benvenuto di San Giorgio, RIS XXIII, col. 337. 

[646] Ficker, J. (1874) Forschungen zue Reichs- und Rechtsgechichte Italiens (Innsbruck), Band IV, 151, p. 191. 

[647] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, V, XXXVII, RIS XIII, col. 149. 

[648] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, V, XXXVII, RIS XIII, col. 150. 

[649] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, V, XXXVII, RIS XIII, col. 150. 

[650] Annales Senenses, MGH SS XIX, p. 228. 

[651] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, VI, LXXX, RIS XIII, col. 212. 

[652] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, V, XXXVII, RIS XIII, col. 150. 

[653] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, V, XXXVII, RIS XIII, col. 150. 

[654] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, IX, LXXVII, RIS XIII, col. 481. 

[655] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, V, XXXVII, RIS XIII, col. 150. 

[656] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, V, XXXVII, RIS XIII, col. 150. 

[657] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, VI, LXII, RIS XIII, col. 195. 

[658] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, V, XXXVII, RIS XIII, col. 150. 

[659] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, V, XXXVII, RIS XIII, col. 150. 

[660] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, V, XXXVII, RIS XIII, col. 150. 

[661] Historia Johannis Villani Florentini, V, XXXVII, RIS XIII, col. 149. 

[662] Annales Mantuani, MGH SS XIX, p. 19. 

[663] Annales Mantuani, MGH SS XIX, pp. 25-6. 

[664] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 602. 

[665] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, pp. 239 and 241. 

[666] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 243. 

[667] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 244. 

[668] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 245. 

[669] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 241. 

[670] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 244. 

[671] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 244. 

[672] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 245. 

[673] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 260. 

[674] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 263. 

[675] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 266. 

[676] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 245. 

[677] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 262. 

[678] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 244. 

[679] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 260. 

[680] Annales Senenses, MGH SS XIX, p. 231. 

[681] Annales Senenses, MGH SS XIX, p. 232. 

[682] Annales Senenses, MGH SS XIX, p. 233. 

[683] Annales Senenses, MGH SS XIX, p. 233. 

[684] Muratori, L. A. (1778) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome XIV, col. 99. 

[685] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome III, col. 123. 

[686] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome III, col. 123. 

[687] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 245. 

[688] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 245. 

[689] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 245. 

[690] Volterra 191, p. 68. 

[691] Volterra 193, p. 69. 

[692] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 247. 

[693] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, p. 260. 

[694] Bernardi Marangonis Annales Pisani, MGH SS XIX, pp. 262-3. 

[695] Annales Senenses, MGH SS XIX, p. 226. 

[696] Annales Senenses, MGH SS XIX, p. 227. 

[697] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome I, p. 658. 

[698] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome I, p. 660. 

[699] Volterra 424, p. 149. 

[700] Volterra 681, p. 226. 

[701] Florentii Wigornensis Monachi Chronicon, Continuatio, p. 205. 

[702] Thomas Wykes, p. 241. 

[703] RHGF XX, Gesta Philippi Tertii Francorum Regis, p. 524. 

[704] Volterra 924, p. 312. 

[705] Volterra 930, p. 314. 

[706] Volterra 681, p. 226. 

[707] Muratori, L. A. (1773) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome II, p. 296. 

[708] Volterra 424, p. 149. 

[709] Volterra 171, p. 59. 

[710] Volterra 282, p. 97. 

[711] Volterra 307, p. 108. 

[712] Volterra 308, p. 109. 

[713] Volterra 308, p. 109. 

[714] Sanzanomis Gesta Florentinorum, p. 5. 

[715] Volterra 973, p. 331. 

[716] Volterra 930, p. 314. 

[717] Volterra 972, p. 331. 

[718] Volterra 973, p. 331. 

[719] Volterra 930, p. 314. 

[720] Volterra 973, p. 331. 

[721] Volterra 930, p. 314. 

[722] Volterra 930, p. 314. 

[723] Volterra 972, p. 331. 

[724] Volterra 973, p. 331. 

[725] Volterra 930, p. 314. 

[726] Volterra 973, p. 331. 

[727] Volterra 930, p. 314. 

[728] Volterra 973, p. 331. 

[729] Volterra 185, p. 63. 

[730] Volterra 194, p. 69. 

[731] Volterra 188, p. 67. 

[732] Volterra 151, p. 54. 

[733] Volterra 145, p. 52. 

[734] Volterra 151, p. 54. 

[735] Volterra 145, p. 52. 

[736] Volterra 176, p. 61. 

[737] Volterra 176, p. 61. 

[738] Volterra 176, p. 61. 

[739] Volterra 177, p. 61. 

[740] Volterra 154, p. 55. 

[741] Volterra 185, p. 63. 

[742] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXII, p. 391. 

[743] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CX, p. 388. 

[744] Fara, Liber II, p. 228. 

[745] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CX, p. 388. 

[746] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXII, p. 391. 

[747] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CX, p. 388. 

[748] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXII, p. 391. 

[749] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXVI, p. 418. 

[750] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXX, p. 440. 

[751] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXX, p. 440. 

[752] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXXIII, p. 445. 

[753] Tola (1838), Vol. III, p. 22. 

[754] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXX, p. 440. 

[755] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXXI, p. 442. 

[756] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXII, p. 391. 

[757] Codex Diplomaticus Sardinić, Tome I, CXXIX, p. 440. 

[758] Ficker (1874), Band IV, 72, p. 98. 

[759] D H IV 358, p. 472. 

[760] Ficker (1874), Band IV, 72, p. 98. 

[761] Ficker (1874), Band IV, 72, p. 98. 

[762] Volterra 167, p. 58. 

[763] Volterra 176, p. 61. 

[764] Volterra 176, p. 61. 

[765] Volterra 176, p. 61. 

[766] Volterra 172, p. 60. 

[767] Volterra 172, p. 60. 

[768] Volterra 165, p. 58. 

[769] Volterra 164, p. 58. 

[770] Volterra 165, p. 58. 

[771] Volterra 164, p. 58. 

[772] Volterra 165, p. 58. 

[773] Volterra 185, p. 63. 

[774] Volterra 186, p. 64. 

[775] Volterra 191, p. 68. 

[776] Volterra 194, p. 69. 

[777] Volterra 194, p. 69. 

[778] Volterra 194, p. 69. 

[779] Volterra 194, p. 69. 

[780] Volterra 194, p. 69. 

[781] Verci, G. (1779) Storia degli Ecelini, Tomo III, Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano (Bassano) ("Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano"), XLVIII, p. 85. 

[782] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 601. 

[783] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 601. 

[784] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 601. 

[785] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 602. 

[786] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 602. 

[787] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 602. 

[788] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 602. 

[789] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 602. 

[790] Osio, L. (ed.) (1864) Documenti Diplomatici tratti dagli archivii Milanesi (Milan) ("Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi"), Vol. I, CCL, p. 376. 

[791] Chronicon Bergomense, Chronicon Successuum Guelforum et Gibellinorum, RIS XVI, col. 858. 

[792] Petri Azarii Chronicon, Cap. XV, RIS XVI, col. 417. 

[793] Muratori, L. A. (1777) Antiquitates Italicć Medii ćvi, Tome XI, Chronicon Patavinum, col. 262. 

[794] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 602. 

[795] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 602. 

[796] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 601. 

[797] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 602. 

[798] Gloria, A. (ed.) (1877) Codice Diplomatico Padovano al secolo sesto a tutto l´undecimo (Venice) ("Codice Diplomatico Padovano"), 228, p. 255. 

[799] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 243, p. 270. 

[800] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, IX, p. 19. 

[801] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XII, p. 23. 

[802] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XIV, p. 25. 

[803] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XV, p. 26. 

[804] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XIV, p. 25. 

[805] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XXIV, p. 36. 

[806] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XXIV, p. 36. 

[807] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, IX, p. 19. 

[808] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XII, p. 23. 

[809] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XV, p. 26. 

[810] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XXIV, p. 36. 

[811] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XXV, p. 37, quoting Meichelbeck, C. (1724) Historia Frisingensis, Tome I, p. 353. 

[812] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XXVI, p. 38, quoting Meichelbeck, C. (1724) Historia Frisingensis, Tome II, MCCCXL, p. 558. 

[813] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XXVII, p. 39, quoting "Ex Tabulario Comitum Sambonifaciorum". 

[814] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XXX, p. 44. 

[815] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XXXII, p. 46. 

[816] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XXXIII, p. 47. 

[817] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XXXVII, p. 54. 

[818] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XLVI, p. 83. 

[819] Cronica Alberti de Bezanis, MGH SS rerum Germanicarum in usum Scholarum II (Hannover, 1908), p. 46. 

[820] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, LIX, p. 111. 

[821] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, LXVII, p. 135. 

[822] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XXVI, p. 38, quoting Meichelbeck, C. (1724) Historia Frisingensis, Tome II, MCCCXL, p. 558. 

[823] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, XLVIII, p. 85. 

[824] Cronica Alberti de Bezanis, MGH SS rerum Germanicarum in usum Scholarum II (Hannover, 1908), p. 46. 

[825] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, LV, p. 108. 

[826] Codice Diplomatico Eceliniano, LVIII, p. 111.