PROVENCE

  v3.1 Updated 02 August 2014

 

RETURN TO INDEX

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 3

Chapter 1.                KINGS of PROVENCE 855-928. 5

A.         CAROLINGIAN KING of PROVENCE 855-863. 5

B.         KINGS of PROVENCE, BOSONID FAMILY 879-928. 6

Chapter 2.                EARLY COUNTS in PROVENCE. 14

A.         UNLINKED EARLY COUNTS.. 14

B.         DESCENDANTS of BOSO COMTE d'ARLES.. 16

C.        COMTES [d´ARLES et d´AVIGNON] 21

D.        EARLY VICOMTES in PROVENCE.. 23

Chapter 3.                COMTES de PROVENCE 961-1093. 23

A.         EARLY COMTES de PROVENCE.. 23

B.         COMTES de PROVENCE 961-1112. 24

C.        COMTES de PROVENCE 1093-1113 (GEVAUDAN) 42

D.        COMTES de PROVENCE 1113-1246 (BARCELONA) 43

Chapter 4.                AIX. 54

A.         SEIGNEURS d'AIX.. 54

Chapter 5.                ANTIBES. 58

A.         SEIGNEURS d'ANTIBES.. 58

B.         SEIGNEURS d'ANTIBES et de CANNES.. 60

C.        SEIGNEURS de GRASSE.. 60

Chapter 6.                APT. 63

A.         COMTES [d´APT] 63

Chapter 7.                AVIGNON. 64

A.         VICOMTES d´AVIGNON.. 64

B.         VICOMTES de MEZOARGUES.. 66

C.        SABRAN.. 66

D.        VICOMTES de SISTERON, VICOMTES d´AVIGNON.. 73

Chapter 8.                CAVAILLAN. 84

A.         VICOMTES de CAVAILLAN.. 84

Chapter 9.                DIE [DIOIS] 87

Chapter 10.              FORCALQUIER. 90

A.         COMTES de FORCALQUIER (URGELL-BARCELONA) 91

B.         COMTES de FORCALQUIER (SABRAN) 93

Chapter 11.              FREJUS. 94

A.         VICOMTES de FREJUS.. 95

Chapter 12.              GAP. 96

A.         VICOMTES de GAP.. 96

Chapter 13.              MARSEILLE. 97

A.         VICOMTES de MARSEILLE.. 97

B.         SIRES de BAUX, VICOMTES de BAUX.. 122

Chapter 14.              NICE. 128

A.         MONACO (GRIMALDI) 129

B.         SEIGNEURS de ROQUEBRUNE.. 130

Chapter 15.              ORANGE. 132

A.         COMTES d'ORANGE.. 132

B.         COMTES d'ORANGE (MONTPELLIER) 133

C.        PRINCES d'ORANGE 1171-1393 (BAUX) 136

D.        PRINCES d'ORANGE 1393-1530 (BOURGOGNE-COMTE) 149

JEAN 1393-1418. 149

LOUIS II 1417-1463, GUILLAUME VIII 1463-1475, JEAN IV 1475-1502, PHILIBERT 1502-1530. 150

Chapter 16.              VALENCE. 152

A.         COMTES de VALENCE.. 152

B.         SEIGNEURS de CHÂTEAUNEUF-d´ISERE.. 157

C.        SEIGNEURS de MIRABEL. 161

D.        SEIGNEURS de MONTEIL. 163

E.         SEIGNEURS de la GARDE.. 173

D.        SEIGNEURS de ROYANS.. 178

Chapter 17.              VALENTINOIS. 180

A.         COMTES de VALENTINOIS (POITIERS) 180

B.         SEIGNEURS de FAY.. 210

C.        SEIGNEURS de MEVOUILLON.. 211

Chapter 18.              VENCE. 213

A.         11th CENTURY FAMILIES in VENCE.. 213

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

Originally part of the Roman Empire, Provence was invaded by the Visigoths from the east as the empire's administrative grip on its territories weakened in the mid-5th century.  Euric King of the Visigoths controlled Arles and Marseille before conquering the rest of Provence.  Under the agreement reached with Odovacar King of the Ostrogoths in Italy, the latter recognised Visigothic control over Provence.  From the north, Gundaker King of the Burgunds occupied Dauphiné, Savoie and also parts of Provence, eventually controlling the comté Venaissin, and the towns of Avignon, Apt, Pertuis, Manosque and Sisteron.  After the death in 507 of Alaric II King of the Visigoths, Provence became part of the territory controlled by Theodoric King of the Ostrogoths.  One of his successors, Vitigis King of Italy, ceded the Ostrogoth-controlled part of Provence to the Franks in [538].  The Burgundian kingdom was conquered by the Merovingian Franks between 523 and 534, together with that part of Provence which was under Burgundian control. 

 

From an ecclesiastical point of view, jurisdiction over Provence was divided between the archbishoprics of Arles (comprising the bishoprics of Avignon, Cavaillon, Carpentras, Die, Marseille, Orange, Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux, Toulon and Vaison), Aix (the bishoprics of Antibes, Apt, Fréjus, Gap, Riez and Antibes), and Embrun (the bishoprics of Digne, Glandèves, Nice, Senez and Vence). 

 

Under the Merovingian Franks, Provence remained part of the kingdom of Burgundy.  In the late 7th and early 8th centuries, it was governed by officials who bore the title patricius, appointed by the Merovingians but who adopted royal prerogatives, including the minting of coins in their image, and effectively reduced the Frankish domination to the status of a protectorate[1].  Charles "Martel" subjugated Provence in 733/37 and from 754, when the Pope granted the title patricius of the Romans to Pepin King of the Franks, Provence was governed by the Frankish kings with the title patricius, represented by a local count (see Chapter 2.A)[2].  After the division of Carolingian territories under the Treaty of Verdun in 843, Provence formed part of the kingdom of Lotharingia.  Folcrade, count in Provence, rebelled against Emperor Lothaire who appointed Gérard Comte [de Vienne] as governor.  After the death of Emperor Lothaire, his son Charles was installed as king of Provence (Chapter 1.A).  Comte Gérard prevented Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks from taking Provence when the young king Charles died, and his territory was divided between the deceased's brothers Louis (who received Savoie, Dauphiné, and Provence) and Lothaire (who ruled over Lyonnais and Franche-Comté).  After the death of Louis, King Charles "le Chauve" captured Provence and installed Boson as governor or duke.  Boson married the daughter of his potential rival Emperor Louis and, after the death of King Charles II, assumed complete control of Provence and adopted the title king (Chapter 1.B).  After the death of King Boson in 887, Provence reverted to direct rule by the emperor until the election of King Louis in 890. 

 

The marquisate of Provence was geographically distinct, consisting of the territory to the north of the county.  In early times it had been part of the kingdom of Burgundy, but was controlled by Boson after he was crowned king in 879.  Its main vassals were the counts of Valence, Die [Diois] and later Valentinois, whose families are shown in this document.  The marquisate of Provence was held by the counts of Provence in the 10th and 11th centuries.  In the late 11th century, it passed separately to the family of the counts of Toulouse, confirmed by Emperor Friedrich II in favour of Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse by charter dated Dec 1235[3], and to the French crown on the extinction in the male line of the comital family of Toulouse in 1249. 

 

Provence, as part of the ancient kingdom of Burgundy, passed into German jurisdiction when the last king of Burgundy, Rudolf III, bequeathed his territories to Konrad II King of Germany in 1032.  A crucial change occurred in 1081 when Bernard II Comte et Marquis de Provence renounced allegiance to the empire and swore fealty to the papacy[4].  This symbolically cut the remaining ties with the old kingdom of Burgundy and eventually enabled the transfer of the whole of Provence to the French crown without challenge from Germany. 

 

Other counties in Provence, both in the county and the marquisate, are also shown in this document.  In addition, the counties of Digne, Embrun, Glandevez, Riez and Senez lay within the territory of the county of Provence but no specific nobles families have yet been identified who ruled in these counties.  Among these, the county of Glandevez lay north of the counties of Fréjus, Antibes and Vence[5], and the county of Riez north of the counties of Fréjus and Aix, west of Sénez, and south of the counties of Digne and Sisteron[6]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    KINGS of PROVENCE 855-928

 

 

 

A.      CAROLINGIAN KING of PROVENCE 855-863

 

 

1.         CHARLES, son of Emperor LOTHAIRE I & his wife Ermengarde de Tours ([845]-Lyon 25 Jan 863, bur Lyon, Saint-Pierre)Regino names "Hludowicum, Hlotharium et Carolum" as the three sons of Emperor Lothaire and his wife[7].  His father invested him in Sep 855 as CHARLES King of Provence, Lyon and Transjuranian Burgundy.  His estates were administered by Gérard Comte [de Vienne].  "Karoli rex, Hlotharii augusti filius" confirmed the privileges of the church of Villeurbane in favour of the church of Lyon at the request of "comes et parens noster ac nutritor Girardus" by charter dated 10 Oct 856[8].  "Karolus…rex Lotharii…augusti…filius" donated property "in comitatu Aurasicensis" to the church of Orange at the request of "Fulchradus et Aldricus comites ac ministeriales nostri" by charter dated [25 Aug 860][9].  The Annales Bertiniani record the death in 863 of "Karolus, Hlotharii imperatoris filius et rex Provinciæ", specifying that he was "epelemptica infirmatate vexatus"[10].  The 13th century obituary of the Eglise primatiale de Lyon records the death "VIII Kal Jan" of "Karolus rex filius Lotharii imperatoris"[11].  On his death, his kingdom was divided between his brothers.   

 

 

 

B.      KINGS of PROVENCE, BOSONID FAMILY 879-928

 

 

BOSON, son of comte BUVINUS [Bouvin] & his wife --- d'Arles (-Vienne, Isère 11 Jan 887, bur Vienne, cathédrale de Saint-Maurice).  The Annals of Hincmar name "Bosone filio Buvini quondam comitis" in 869[12].  An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus"[13], although it is not known whether "…Boso…" refers to the same person.  His brother-in-law King Charles II "le Chauve" granted the abbey of Saint-Maurice d'Agaune to him.  "Boso comes simulque Bernardus comes ad vicem" donated Nogent "in pago Otmense" for the soul of "quondam amici nostri Odonis comitis…uxoris suæ Guendilmodis" to Saint-Martin-des-Tours by charter dated 871 after 21 Jun[14].  He was invested as Comte de Vienne in 870 by King Charles II after the latter conquered the kingdom of Provence.  He was installed as Comte de Berry in [872] after the deposition of Gérard comte en Aquitaine.  He accompanied King Charles II to Italy in 875: an agreement dated Feb 876 of King Charles II "le Chauve" names "Bosonis…ducis et sacri palatii archiministri atque imperiali missi" among those present in Italy with the king[15].  He was invested as dux regni Italici at Pavia in Feb 876, fulfilling the role of viceroy in the absence of the king.  Recalled by Emperor Charles in early 877, Boson left his brother Richard in his place in Italy and became Governor and Comte de Provence in [877].  He took part in the general rebellion of 877, refusing to swear allegiance to Louis II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks on his accession[16].  After the death of King Louis II, "Hugo abbas et Boso et alii" sent "Walterum Episcopum Aurelianensem et Goiranum et Anscherum comites" to Ludwig III King of the East Franks to offer him part of the kingdom in 879[17].  He was named King BOSON at Mantaille, near Vienne 15 Oct 879 by the archbishops of Vienne, Besançon, Lyon, Tarentaise, Aix and Arles, and crowned at Lyon a few days later.  Settipani points out that Boson´s kingdom was not referred to as Provence or Lower Burgundy (Bourgogne transjurane), doubting even that any term was used at all to describe it[18].  He installed his capital at Vienne.  The reigning Carolingian monarchs formed a league against him, captured Lyon, and besieged Vienne which fell in 882, although Boson refused to capitulate[19].  The Annales Fuldenses record that the sons of Ludwig II " der Deutsche" King of the East Franks fought "Buosonem in Galliam" in 880 and expelled him from "Madasconam urbem", accepting homage from "Bernhardum qui in ea principatum tenebat"[20].  The Annales Fuldenses record the death in 887 of "Buosone", leaving a young son by "filia Hludowici Italici regis"[21].  The epitaph of "Bosonis Regis" records his death "III Id Jan VIII anno regni sui"[22]

[m firstly ---.  The name of the supposed first wife of King Boson is not known.  The only reference to her existence so far identified is in the Annales Fuldenses which record that "Buosone comite" abducted "filiam Hludowicis imperatoris de Italiam" by force in 878, having poisoned his wife[23].  If this is correct, it is surprising that it is not reported in any other contemporary source.  However, as shown below, the chronology is favourable for one of the possible daughters attributed to King Boson to have been born from a first marriage, although as the existence of this daughter is not certain this represents a circular argument for proving the king´s supposed first marriage.] 

m [secondly] ([Mar/Jun] 876) ERMENGARDIS, daughter of Emperor LOUIS II King of Italy & his wife Engelberga --- ([852/55]-896 before 2 Jun, bur Vienne, Isère, cathédrale de Saint-Maurice).  "Hludowicus…imperator augustus" granted the abbey of San Salvatore to "nostra coniux…Angilberga ante filiam…nostrum Hermengardem" by charter dated at Venosa 28 Apr 868[24].  "Ludowicus…rex" granted "nepta nostra Hirmingarda" property at Morcula and Almenno in the county of Bergamo by a charter dated 26 Feb 875[25]Regino records the marriage of "Hirmingardem filiam Hludowici imperatoris" and "Bosoni germano Richildis reginæ"[26].  Abbess of San Salvatore at Brescia 878.  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Buosone comite" abducted "filiam Hludowicis imperatoris de Italiam" by force in 878, having poisoned his wife[27].  "Boso…et coniunx mea Hirmingardi proles imperiales" donated property "in pago Laticense…in villa Lantinus" to the abbey of Montiérender by charter dated 25 Jul 879, subscribed by "Richardi comitis, Teutbaldi comitis, Bernardi comitis"[28].  The Annales Bertiniani name "Richardus frater Bosonis" when recording that, after the capture of Vienne by the forces of King Carloman, he took “uxorem Bosonis et filiam eius” back to “comitatum suum Augustudensem” in 882[29].  She was regent for her son King Louis from 890. 

King Boson & his [first] wife had [one child]:

1.         [WILLA [Guille] (-before 924).  Chaume[30] and Hlawitschka[31] suggest that Willa, wife of Rudolf I King of Burgundy, was the daughter of King Boson, the former considering that she was the daughter of King Boson's second marriage while the latter prefers the king´s supposed first wife as her mother.  If Willa was the daughter of King Boson, it is more probable that she was the daughter of a first marriage as her husband is recorded as already having children in 888[32].  Alternatively, she may have been King Rudolf's second wife (which Chaume assumes), the king's children having been born from an unrecorded earlier marriage.  This would fit better with Willa's second marriage in 912, when her second husband would have been about 30 years old, while Willa would have been over 50 if her first children had been born in the early 880s.  m firstly ([880/85][33]) RUDOLF, son of CONRAD II [Welf] Comte d'Auxerre & his wife Waldrada --- (-25 Oct 911).  He was proclaimed RUDOLF I King of Upper Burgundy in 888.  m secondly (912) as his first wife, HUGUES d'Arles, son of THEOTBALD Comte d'Arles & his wife Berta of Lotharingia [Carolingian]  ([880]-10 Apr 947).  He succeeded as UGO King of Italy in 926.] 

King Boson & his [second] wife had three children:

2.         ENGELBERGA ([877]-919).  Her parentage and marriage are deduced from her donation to Cluny with her husband dated Jan 917, in which her brother "Ludovico" is named[34].  The Annales Bertiniani record the betrothal in 878 of "filiam Bosonis" and "Karlomanno filio suo [=Hlodowici rex]"[35].  It is assumed that this daughter was Engelberga, who must have been an infant at the time, but no proof has been found which confirms that this is correct.  "Bosonis" could refer either to the future King Boson or to Count Boson, husband of the adulterous Engiltrudis (see below).  While Boson of Provence had refused to swear allegiance to Louis II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks ("Hlodowici rex") on the latter's accession, it is not known whether he was still in rebellion the following year.  Assuming that some reconciliation had taken place, a marriage alliance between the two parties would have been a likely possibility.  The other Count Boson was presumably of less political importance and, in addition, his problems with his adulterous wife may have rendered his daughters unmarriageable at the time.  The Annales Bertiniani indicate that Engelberga was born from her father´s [second] marriage when they record that "Richardus frater Bosonis" took “uxorem Bosonis et filiam eius” back to “comitatum suum Augustudensem” in 882 after the capture of Vienne by the forces of King Carloman[36].  Engelberga is named as co-founder with her husband of the monastery of Cluny in a charter dated 11 Sep 910[37].  The Annales Masciacenses record in 919 the deaths of “Guilelmus famosus dux Aquitanorum...coniunx eius Ingelberga[38].  She died as a nun at San Sisto, Piacenza.  [Betrothed (11 Sep 878) to CARLOMAN, son of LOUIS II "le Bègue" King of the Franks & his first wife Ansgardis --- (867-killed accidentally Bézu-la-Forêt, near Andelys, Eure 6 Dec 884, bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  He succeeded his brother in 882 as CARLOMAN King of the West Franks.]  m (before 898[39]) GUILLAUME I "le Pieux" Duke of Aquitaine, son of BERNARD "Plantevelue" Comte d'Auvergne & his wife Ermengarde [d'Auvergne] (-6 Jul 918, bur Abbaye de Brioude, Haute-Loire). 

3.         LOUIS (late 882 or after-Arles 5 Jun 928)Herimannus names "puer Ludowicus" son of Boson "ex filia Ludowici Italiæ imperatoris" when recording that he was adopted by Emperor Karl III after his father's death[40].  The Annales Bertiniani name "Richardus frater Bosonis" when recording that, after the capture of Vienne by the forces of King Carloman, he took “uxorem Bosonis et filiam eius” back to “comitatum suum Augustudensem” in 882[41], which suggests that Louis was born after the siege of Vienne.  The Annales Fuldenses record the death in 887 of "Buosone", leaving a young son by "filia Hludowici Italici regis" but does not name him[42].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 6 Jun 903 under which "Hludovicus…imperator augustus" confirmed privileges which Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks had ceded to "fideles nostri Liutfridus, Hugo atque Teutbertus comites" at the request of "Adalelmo comite et eius coniugi Rotlindi", the charter naming "rex genitor nostri Boso"[43].  "Ludovico" is named as brother of Engelberga in the latter's donation to Cluny dated Jan 917[44].  He was adopted by his maternal great-uncle Emperor Karl III "der Dicke/le Gros" at Kirchen-am-Rhein end May 887, at the request of his mother, rendering him eligible to be elected king according to the rules of Carolingian succession[45].  He was elected LOUIS King [of Provence] at Valence in 890 by the Archbishops of Lyon, Arles, Vienne and Embrun, ruling over Provence and Viennois under the regency of his mother[46].  He was called to Italy in 896 by opponents of Berengario King of Italy, captured Pavia, expelled Berengario, and was elected LOUIS III King of Italy at Pavia 12 Oct 900, crowned the same day.  He claimed the imperial crown from Pope Benedict IV, and was crowned Emperor LUDWIG III in Rome 15 or 22 Feb 901, although this was only recognised in Lombardy and Tuscany.  He was expelled from Pavia by King Berengario in Jul 902, whereupon he returned to Vienne, but continued to call himself emperor.  He was recalled to Italy in 905 by Adalbero II Marchese of Tuscany and reconquered the kingdom, but was captured by King Berengario at Verona and blinded 21 Jul 905.  Regino records that "Hludowicus filius Bosonis" expelled "Berengarium" from Italy in 905[47].  He was freed and returned to Provence, where he continued to reign at Vienne, but in name only as Hugues Comte d'Arles was appointed governor[48].  "Ludowicus imperator augustus" restored property to the church of Avignon at the request of "comes nosterque propinquus Boso" by charter dated to [907/10][49]Betrothed ([Jun/Jul] 900]) ANNA, daughter of Emperor LEON VI & his second wife Zoe Zautsina ([886/88]-[901/early 904], bur Constantinople Church of the Holy Apostles).  The basis for this betrothal is a letter written by Nikolaos Mystikos, which Settipani quotes in French translation, recalling the writer's admonishing Emperor Leon VI for his unsuitable third marriage (dated to Spring 900), excused because of "l'accord…conclu avec le Franc…tu lui destinais comme épouse ta fille unique…[au] cousin de Berta auquel il est arrivé l'infortune que l'on sait"[50].  The date, the relationship with "Berta" (assuming, as Settipani proposes, that this is Berta daughter of Lothaire II King of Lotharingia who married Adalberto Marchese of Tuscany), and "l'infortune" (his blinding) are consistent with "le Franc" being identified with Louis III King of Italy (his title in 900).  Settipani assumes that the marriage actually took place.  However, the translation only refers to a proposed marriage ("…tu lui destinais…") and provides no proof that the marriage ever happened or, if it did occur, that the bride ever left Byzantium for Provence.  Anna is not named in any of the surviving charters of Emperor Louis, nor has any mention of her been found in any of the primary sources so far consulted.  As this would have been the first marriage between the families of the eastern and western emperors (no previous betrothals having resulted in marriage), this absence from contemporary western documentation is therefore striking.  It also contrasts sharply with the extensive records which relate the Byzantine origin of Theophano, wife of Emperor Otto II (even though Theophano's precise ancestry is unrecorded), although it is recognised that Anna´s career was cut short by premature death in contrast to Theophano´s.  Traditional genealogies[51] show Emperor Louis III's son, Charles Constantin, as the child of this alleged first marriage of Emperor Louis, presumably because of his grandiose name.  However, another possible explanation is that the name was a symbol of the emperor's hope that his son would one day unite the two successor parts of the ancient Roman empire, in the name of his illustrious predecessors Emperors Charlemagne and Constantine I "the Great", completely independent of his maternal ancestry.  Tougher suggests that Anna was legitimate, born after her parents' marriage, and that the marriage to King Louis did not take place[52].  If he is correct about her legitimacy at birth, this excludes her from being the mother of King Louis's son Charles Constantin, if the latter's birth date is correctly estimated below.  Anna was crowned Augusta in Constantinople in [899/900], after the death of her mother and before the third marriage of her father[53].  Emperor Konstantinos VII's De Ceremoniis Aulæ records that "Anna et Eudocia, filiæ beati eiusdem Leonis ex [secunda uxore] Zoe", the Greek text specifying "Aννα και Aννα" although the editor suggests that "Ευδοκία" be substituted for the second Anna (without giving his reasons: this may result from confusion with Anna's older half-sister of that name), were buried in the church of the Holy Apostles[54].  It is not known whether this is an error, but in any case both daughters named Anna (assuming that there were two) must have died young.  Her burial in Constantinople suggests that Anna never left her father's court.  m ([Jun 902/905]) ADELAIS, daughter of ---.  "Hludowicus…imperator augustus" granted property at Tressin, Viennois to "fideli nostro Girardo" at the request of "coniux nostra Adalaida" by charter dated 18 Jan 915[55].  Her origin is not known.  According to Poupardin[56], she was Adelais, relative [maybe niece] of Rudolf I King of Upper Burgundy [Welf].  Presumably this is based on the two charters dated 28 Mar 943 and 18 May 943 under which "Carolus comes" is named "consanguineus noster" by Conrad I King of Burgundy[57].  The potential problem with this is the apparently impossible marriage of King Louis with his own niece.  The solution would be either that Adelais was the daughter of King Rudolf by an earlier otherwise unrecorded marriage, or that King Rudolf's known wife Willa was not the daughter of Boson King [of Provence].  The problem is discussed fully by Settipani[58].  The discussion proceeds on the basis that Adelais was in some way related to King Rudolf, but the precise basis for this speculation does not appear to be clearly stated.  The estimated date for this relatively obscure marriage is based on its having taking place during the ex-emperor's period of exile in Vienne, before his recall to Italy, at a time when he would not have been considered a great marriage prospect by more prominent prospective fathers-in-law.  Another difficulty is that “consanguineus” in the 943 charters could indicate a more remote relationship than second cousin.  Emperor Louis III & his wife had two children:

a)         CHARLES CONSTANTIN ([905/10]-after Jan 962).  Flodoard names "Karlo Constantino, Lucdowici Orbi filio"[59].  "Hludovicus…imperator augustus" gave three serfs to "fideli nostro Bononi" at the request of "filius noster Karolus" by charter dated 3 Jun 924[60].  His birth date range is estimated on the basis of his having been a young adult or adolescent at the time of the 924 charter in which he is named.  The absence of proof that Charles Constantin was the grandson of the Byzantine emperor is discussed above in relation to his father's betrothal.  "Carolus comes" is named "consanguineus noster" by Conrad I King of Burgundy in two charters of the latter dated 28 Mar 943 and 18 May 943[61], which suggests that he may have been the son of Adelais, assuming that her Burgundian origin is correct and assuming also that the Burgundian origin of Willa, wife of Rudolf I King of Burgundy, is incorrect (see above).  He was named Comte de Vienne in 926 by his cousin Raoul King of France, in succession to his cousin Hugues Comte d'Arles, who was then proclaimed king of Italy.  The province of Vienne was confiscated in [Aug/Sep] 928 and granted to Héribert de Vermandois to govern in the name of the latter's son Eudes.  Charles Constantin remained at Vienne.  He swore allegiance to Conrad "le Pacifique" King of Burgundy in 943[62].  "Karolus comes" sold land "in villa Brociano" by charter dated 19 May 960 which names "Teutbergi comitisse"[63]m TEUTBERGA, daughter of --- (-after 19 May 960).  "Teutbergi comitisse" is named in the charter of "Karolus comes" dated 19 May 960 which recorded the sale of land "in villa Brociano"[64].  Her origin is not known.  Her name suggests a connection with the family of the Comtes de Troyes and it has been suggested[65] that she was Teutberga [de Troyes, daughter of Warnarius [Garnier] Vicomte de Sens [Comte de Troyes] & his wife Teutberga d'Arles].  Gingins-la-Sarra points out that Teutberga was the name of the third wife and widow of Engelbert, of the family of the vicomtes de Vienne, who could have married Charles Constantin as her second husband[66].  There seems to be no basis for this speculation other than the name.  Charles Constantin & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          RICHARD (-after Jan 962).  "Richardi et Uperti filiorum suorum" are named in the charter of "Karolus comes" dated 19 May 960 selling land "in villa Brociano"[67]

ii)         HUBERT (-after Jan 962).  "Richardi et Uperti filiorum suorum" are named in the charter of "Karolus comes" dated 19 May 960 selling land "in villa Brociano"[68]same person as…?  HUMBERT (-after [995]).  Comte [de Belley].  This possible co-identity is discussed in the document BURGUNDY KINGDOM NOBILITY. 

iii)        [CONSTANTIA ([920/30]-after May [963]).  The affiliation of Constantia, wife of Boson, is unknown.  Chaume[69] proposed that she was the daughter of Charles Constantin Comte de Vienne for onomastic reasons only, stating that names with the root "Constant" were unknown in western royal genealogy before Charles Constantin himself.  This supposition is incorrect as numerous charters of the monastery of Cluny dated between 891 and 946 include the name "Constantia"[70], and many others during the same period name "Constantius" and "Constantinus".  Poly suggests that Constantia was in fact Charles Constantin's sister rather than his daughter[71], although this is more difficult to sustain chronologically bearing in mind the birth of her children in the early 950s.  m (before 942) BOSON Comte d'Avignon, son of ROTBALD I d'Agel & his wife --- (-[965/67]).  He succeeded as Comte d'Arles in 949.] 

b)         RAOUL [Rodolphe] (-after 19 Mar 929).  He is named "Rodulfi filii Ludowici imperatoris" in the grant of "Adeleydis comitissa soror Rodulfi" to Cluny dated 14 Jun 929[72]

4.         daughter ([after 882]-after 11 Aug 887).  The existence of more than one daughter of King Boson & his second wife is confirmed by the charter dated 11 Aug 887 under which Emperor Karl III confirms a donation by "neptam nostram Hermingardim…filioque suo Hludouuico nepoti nostro et sororibus eius"[73].  It is not known how many other daughters there may have been.  The Annales Bertiniani name "Richardus frater Bosonis" when recording that, after the capture of Vienne by the forces of King Carloman, he took “uxorem Bosonis et filiam eius” back to “comitatum suum Augustudensem” in 882[74], which suggests that any other children were born after the siege of Vienne.  same person as…?  [ERMENGARDE (-after Jun 924).  One version of the Series abbatum Flaviniacensium, as reproduced only in a 17th century secondary source, records that "Richardus dux et Ingelbertus" installed "Vualonem, fratrem Manasserii comitis qui gener erat B fratris Richardi ducis" as abbot of Flavigny[75] which, if correct, means that the wife of Manassès was the daughter of King Boson.  If this is right, her name suggests that she was the daughter of his second wife, although Chaume proposed that she was the daughter of his first marriage[76]m MANASSES Comte [de Vergy], son of MANASSES & his wife --- (-925 or after).] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    EARLY COUNTS in PROVENCE

 

 

 

A.      UNLINKED EARLY COUNTS

 

 

1.         TEUDOIN (-after 753)Comte [de Vienne].  The Continuator of Fredegar records that "Theudoeno comite Viennense…et Frederico Ultraiurano comite" captured and killed Grifon in 753 as he was crossing the Alps to seek refuge in Lombardy[77]

 

2.         MARCELLIN (-after 23 Feb 780).  Comte [de Digne].  "Marcellinus comes" subscribed a charter dated 23 Feb 780 relating to property "in pago Dignense"[78]

 

3.         LAIBULF (-after 16 Mar 829).  "Karolus…augustus…imperator Romanum…rex Francorum et Langobardorum" issued a charter dated 2 Apr 812 to the counts in the Spanish march "Berane, Gauscelino, Gisclafredo, Odilone, Ermengario, Ademaro, Laibulfo et Erlino comitibus"[79]Missus at Narbonne.  Emperor Louis I confirmed the donation of "in pago Narbonensi…salinas" designated by "noster missus Leibulfus comes" to "monasterio Amanense" by charter dated 814[80].  A charter dated 823 of Emperor Louis I records an agreement between "Leibulfus comes" and the archbishopric of Arles[81].  Noton Archbishop of Arles and "Letibulfo comitem" agreed to exchange property by charter dated 7 Nov 824[82].  "Leybulfus et uxor mea Odda" donated property to the monastery of Lérins by charter dated 16 Mar 829[83]m ODA, daughter of --- (-after 16 Mar 829).  "Leybulfus et uxor mea Odda" donated property to the monastery of Lérins by charter dated 16 Mar 829[84]

 

4.         ADALBERT .  A charter dated 2 Jul 845 records a hearing before "Rothbertum vicarium de…Adalberto comite" relating to "villa Leguino", and recites events in the time of "Leibulfi comitis"[85].  A charter of Marseille Saint-Victor, dated to the 10th century, records past events in the time of "Eldeberto comite, per suo misso Nortaldo vicedomino"[86]

 

5.         MILON (-after 17 Jul 835).  Comte d´Apt.  "Milo Montanus comite nobilissimo Aptensis civitatis" donated the abbey of Saint-Martin to the church of Apt, by charter dated 17 Jul 835[87]m HORTENSE, daughter of --- (-after 17 Jul 835).  "Milo Montanus comite nobilissimo Aptensis civitatis" donated the abbey of Saint-Martin to the church of Apt, by charter dated 17 Jul 835[88]

 

6.         FULCRAD (-after [25 Aug 860]).  The Gesta Francorum records in 845 that "Folcratum ducem Arelatensem et reliquos comites illarum partium" submitted to "Hlotharius" after rebelling, and that Provence was brought under control[89].  The Annales Fuldenses record the same event[90].  "Karolus…rex Lotharii…augusti…filius" donated property "in comitatu Aurasicensis" to the church of Orange at the request of "Fulchradus et Aldricus comites ac ministeriales nostri" by charter dated [25 Aug 860][91]

 

7.         ALDRIC (-after [25 Aug 860]).  "Karolus…rex Lotharii…augusti…filius" donated property "in comitatu Aurasicensis" to the church of Orange at the request of "Fulchradus et Aldricus comites ac ministeriales nostri" by charter dated [25 Aug 860][92]

 

8.         BERNARD (-after 25 Jul 879).  "Boso comes simulque Bernardus comes ad vicem" donated Nogent "in pago Otmense" for the soul of "quondam amici nostri Odonis comitis…uxoris suæ Guendilmodis" to Saint-Martin-des-Tours by charter dated 871 after 21 Jun[93].  "Richardi comitis, Teutbaldi comitis, Bernardi comitis" subscribed the charter dated 25 Jul 879 under which "Boso…et coniunx mea Hirmingardi proles imperiales" donated property "in pago Laticense…in villa Lantinus" to the abbey of Montiérender[94]

 

9.         BERTOLD (-after Aug 890).  A document dated Aug 890 relating to the election of "Ludovicum…Bosonis regis filium" as king of Arles names "Bertaldum comitem"[95]

 

10.      HUGUES (-after 890).  "Ricardus…Comes, Wido Comes, Ugo Comes, Adelelmus Comes, Baterius Comes, Teutbertus Comes, Ragenardus Comes…" subscribed a charter dated to [890] which records a council held by "Ermengardis Regina et…Principes Ludovici filii Bosones" at Varennes[96]

 

11.      ADALELM (-after 890).  "Ricardus…Comes, Wido Comes, Ugo Comes, Adelelmus Comes, Baterius Comes, Teutbertus Comes, Ragenardus Comes…" subscribed a charter dated to [890] which records a council held by "Ermengardis Regina et…Principes Ludovici filii Bosones" at Varennes[97]

 

12.      BATERIUS (-after 890).  "Ricardus…Comes, Wido Comes, Ugo Comes, Adelelmus Comes, Baterius Comes, Teutbertus Comes, Ragenardus Comes…" subscribed a charter dated to [890] which records a council held by "Ermengardis Regina et…Principes Ludovici filii Bosones" at Varennes[98]

 

13.      RAINARD (-after 890).  "Ricardus…Comes, Wido Comes, Ugo Comes, Adelelmus Comes, Baterius Comes, Teutbertus Comes, Ragenardus Comes…" subscribed a charter dated to [890] which records a council held by "Ermengardis Regina et…Principes Ludovici filii Bosones" at Varennes[99]

 

 

 

B.      DESCENDANTS of BOSO COMTE d'ARLES

 

 

BOSO, son of --- (-before 855).  Comte d'Arles.  Count in Italy. 

m ---.  The name of Boso's wife is not known. 

Boso & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         [BOSO ([820/25]-[874/78]).  There is no proof that Boso, husband of the adulterous Engiltrudis, was the son of Boso Comte d'Arles.  Regino refers to "fratribus Thietbirgæ reginæ" referring her case to Pope Nicholas after her repudiation by her husband King Lothaire II[100], which shows that she had at least two brothers, one of whom may therefore have been Boso.  Count in Italy[101]m ([845/50], deserted [856/57]) ENGILTRUDIS, daughter of MATFRIED [I] Comte d'Orléans & his wife --- ([825/30]-).  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Engildrudam filiam quondam Matifredi comite" left "Busone proprio viro" and wandered for seven years[102]Regino names "Engildrudam quoque uxorem quondam Bosonis comitis" when recording her excommunication in 866 after deserting her husband and fleeing to France with "Wangerum suum vassallum"[103].]  Boso & his wife had [two] children:   

a)         [two] daughters.  They disputed their mother's inheritance with their illegitimate half-brother Godefroi.  Pope John VIII requested "Ludovicum Germani Regem" to restore the property of "Bosonis C filiabus" in 878[104]

2.         HUBERT (-killed in battle Orbe 866)Regino records that "Hucbertus abba, frater Thietbirgæ reginæ" rebelled against King Lothaire in 866[105].  Duke of Transjurania.  Abbot of St Maurice.   

-        see below

3.         TEUTBERGA (-before 875).  The Annales Lobienses name "Tietberga, sorore Hucberti abbatis" as lawful wife of "Lotharius"[106].  The Annales Bertiniani name "Teutbergam" as "materteram suam [=Bosone filio Buvini comitis]"[107].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Thieberga regina legitima uxore [Lotharii]", specifying that she relied on the advice of "Bosonis comitis" at the time of her repudiation, although her relationship to him is not specified[108]Herimannus names "Tiohtpirga uxore legitima" of King Lothaire II when recording that he repudiated her[109].  She protected the wife of Boso Count in Italy after she deserted her husband.  She was repudiated on the grounds of her alleged incest with her brother Hubert[110].  Her husband kept her prisoner after separating from her.  The Annales Bertiniani record that "uxor Lotharii" fled to "fratrem suum Hucbertum in regno Karli" in 860[111].  She escaped in 860 and sought refuge with Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks, who gave her the abbey of Avenay in the diocese of Reims.  The Annales Bertiniani records that "uxore [Lothario]" gave support to "uxori Bosonis et Balduino qui filiam eius [=Karoli regis] furatus fuerat in uxorem"[112].  Abbess of Sainte Glossinde at Metz 869.  "Heccardus comes" names "…Teutbergane uxore Lotharii…" among the beneficiaries under his testamentary disposition dated to [Jan 876][113].  It is not certain that this refers to the separated wife of King Lothaire II, but no other "Teutberga/Lothaire" couple has been identified at the time.  If this identification is correct, it suggests a family relationship between Teutberga and Ekkehard, which has not yet been identified.  m ([855], separated 857, repudiated 860) LOTHAIRE II King of Lotharingia, son of Emperor LOTHAIRE I King of Lotharingia & his wife Ermengarde de Tours (-Piacenza 8 Aug 868). 

4.         daughter.  The existence of this sister of Teutberga is indicated by the Annales Bertiniani which name "Teutbergam" as "materteram suam [=Bosone filio Buvini comitis]"[114]m BUVINUS [Bouvin], son of --- (-[863/69]). 

 

 

HUBERT, son of BOSO Comte d'Arles, Count in Italy & his wife --- (-killed in battle Orbe 866).  The Annalium Laubacensium record Lothar King of Italy leading his army into Burgundy in 858 against "Hucbertum cognatum suum"[115].  The Gesta Abbatum Gemblacensium records that "Hubertus dux, frater reginæ Tietbergæ" expelled abbot Hartpert and invaded the abbey of Lobbe in 863[116]Regino names "Hucberti abbati" when recording that he was invested with a dukedom "inter Iurum et montem Iovis", specifying that "Thietbirgam", the wife of King Lothaire II, was his sister[117]Regino records that "Hucbertus abba, frater Thietbirgæ reginæ" rebelled against King Lothar in 866[118].  Duke of Transjurania.  Abbot of St Maurice.  The Annales Mettenses records that "Hucbertus…a Conrado comite occisus est juxta castrum…Orba"[119].  The Annales Xantenses record in 866 that "Hubertus clericus…cuius sororem Lotharius rex pridem repudiatam dimisit" was killed in battle by "filiis Cuonradi fratris quondam Iuthit reginæ"[120]

m ---.  The name of Hubert's wife is not known. 

Hubert & his wife had one child: 

1.         THEOTBALD [Thibaut] (-[Jun 887/895]).  The Annales Vedastini record that "Teutbaldum filium Hucberti" was gravely wounded by "Heinricus" in the battle against "Bosonem tyrannum" in 880[121].  "Richardi comitis, Teutbaldi comitis, Bernardi comitis" subscribed the charter dated 25 Jul 879 under which "Boso…et coniunx mea Hirmingardi proles imperiales" donated property "in pago Laticense…in villa Lantinus" to the abbey of Montiérender[122].  Comte d'Arles.  m ([879/80]) as her first husband, BERTA of Lotharingia, illegitimate daughter of LOTHAIRE II King of Lotharingia & his mistress Waldrada --- ([863]-8 Mar 925, bur Lucca).  "Hugo comes et marchio" names "patris mei Teutbaldi et matris meæ Berthe…" in a donation by charter dated 924[123].  "Berte" is also named as mother of "Hugo rex" in the latter's donation to Cluny for the souls of his parents dated 8 Mar 934[124].  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the Annales Bertiniani which name "Hugonem Lotharii iunioris filium" and “sororium illius Theutbaldum” in 880[125].  Her origin and second marriage are confirmed by the epitaph of "Comitissæ…Bertha" which specifies that she was "uxor Adalberti Ducis Italiæ…regalis generi…filia Lotharii" and records her death in 925[126].  Liudprand provides the proof that Berta, who married Marchese Adalberto, was the widow of Theotbald when he names "Berta matre regis Hugonis", specifying that she was previously married to Adalberto, when recording her death[127].  She was regent of Tuscany after the death of her second husband in 915.  She married secondly ([890/98]) Adalberto II Marchese of Tuscany.  Theotbald & his wife had four children: 

a)         HUGUES ([880]-10 Apr 947).  "Hugo comes et marchio" names "patris mei Teutbaldi et matris meæ Berthe…" in a donation by charter dated 924[128].  "Hugo et Lotharius…reges" name "patris et matris nostræ Teubaldi…et Berte" in their donation to Cluny dated 8 Mar 934[129], although this incorrectly implies that Ugo and Lothar were brothers instead of father and son, which is proved by other sources.  Comte de Vienne.  He was elected as UGO King of Italy in 926.   

-        KINGS of ITALY

b)         BOSO ([885]-after 936).  Liudprand names “Boso ex eodem patre regis Hugonis frater[130].  Gingins-la-Sarra suggests that this text means that Boso was born from a different marriage of his father[131].  However, the wording could just as easily be interpreted as emphasising that Boso and Hugues were born from the same marriage of their mother.  Considering the marriage dates of Boso´s daughters, it is unlikely that he was born before his brother Hugues.  Comte d'Avignon et Vaisin 911-931.  Comte d'Arles 926-931.  He was installed by his brother as BOSO Marchese of Tuscany in 931 after Lambert Marchese of Tuscany was deposed and blinded.  He rebelled against his brother in 936, encouraged by Willa "uxore sua cupidissima", but was captured and deposed[132]m (separated 936) WILLA, daughter of ---.  Willa is named "uxore…Boso Tusciæ provinciæ marchio regis frater" by Liudprand, without giving her origin, when he records the marriage of her daughter Willa in 936[133].  According to Jean-Noël Mathieu, she was Willa, daughter of Rudolf I King of Burgundy & his wife Willa ---, basing this on the fact that she was sent to Burgundy when she was separated from her husband in 936[134], this event being recorded by Liudprand[135], but there are presumably other plausible explanations for her destination.  Comte Boso & his wife had four children:

i)          BERTA (-after 18 Aug 965).  "Bertam, Willam, Richildam et Gislam" are named (in order) as the four daughters of Boso and Willa by Liudprand[136], who in a later passage names Berta as "Bosonis Arelatensis comitis viduæ" and mentions her marriage soon after the death of her first husband to Raymond, by virtue of which she was deemed guilty of incest[137].  "Raymundus comes" names "…Bertanæ et Raymundo filio meo…" in his 961 testament[138].  "Berta…comitissa et filius meus Raimundus…comes" donated property "in comitatu Nemausense" to Nîmes Notre-Dame by charter dated 7 Sep 961[139].  "Berta…comitissa" donated property "in comitatu Nemausense" to Nîmes Notre-Dame by charter dated 18 Aug 965, subscribed by "Raimundus filius meus"[140].  She is cited at the time of a synod held after 1004 (maybe [1012])[141]m firstly ([928]) BOSO Comte in Upper Burgundy, son of RICHARD "le Justicier" Duke of Burgundy & his wife Adelais d'Auxerre [Welf] (-Sep 935, bur Reims, église de l'abbaye de Saint-Rémi).  m secondly ([936]) RAYMOND I Comte de Rouergue Marquis de Septimanie, son of ERMENGAUD Comte de Rouergue & his wife Adelaida --- (-killed [Feb 961/7 Oct 962]).  Duke of Aquitaine 936. 

ii)         WILLA (-after 963).  "Bertam, Willam, Richildam et Gislam" are named (in order) as the four daughters of Boso and Willa by Liudprand[142].  Willa is named "rex Hugo neptim suam…ex Willa uxore sua Boso Tusciæ provinciæ marchio regis frater" by Liudprand when he records her marriage to Berengario[143].  She ordered the imprisonment of Adelheid, widow of her husband's predecessor Lothaire [de Provence] King of Italy.  She retreated with her husband to the fortress of San Leo in the face of Otto King of Germany's invasion, but was captured and taken to Bamberg with Berengario.  Regino records that Willa became a nun after her husband died before he was buried[144]m ([930/31]) BERENGARIO II Marchese di Ivrea, son of ADALBERTO I Conte e Marchese di Ivrea & his first wife Gisela di Friulia ([900]-in prison Bamberg 6 Jul 966).  He was proclaimed BERENGARIO II King of Italy in Dec 950. 

iii)        RICHILDE .  "Bertam, Willam, Richildam et Gislam" are named (in order) as the four daughters of Boso and Willa by Liudprand[145]

iv)       GISELA .  "Bertam, Willam, Richildam et Gislam" are named (in order) as the four daughters of Boso and Willa by Liudprand[146]

c)         TEUTBERGA ([880/90][147]-before Sep 948).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  She is named "matris mee Theotberg" in the Sep 948 donation to Cluny of her son "Manases archiepiscopus Arelatensis" made for her soul[148], presumably indicating that she was then deceased.  m WARNER [Garnier] Vicomte de Sens, son of --- (-killed in battle 6 Dec 924).  Comte de Troyes 895/96. 

d)         daughter (-after 924).  As "Hugo comes et marchio" refers to "…fratrum et sororum mearum" in a donation by charter dated 924[149], Theotbald must have had at least two daughters.  No further information about this second daughter, or any further daughters, has so far been found in other primary sources. 

 

 

 

C.      COMTES [d´ARLES et d´AVIGNON]

 

 

ROTBALD [I], son of --- (-[949]).  His parentage is not known.  It has been speculated that he was the son of Boso Marchese of Tuscany, for onomastic reasons, but that Boso is not known to have had any sons[150].  In any case, Boso was a reasonably common name in the area at that time.  Rotbald supported King Louis III "the Blind"'s campaign in Italy in 900 and his efforts to be crowned emperor in Feb 901. 

m ---.  The wife of Rotbald is not known.  It has been speculated, for onomastic reasons only, that she was --- d'Aquitaine, daughter of Guillaume "le Pieux" Duke of Aquitaine & his wife Engelberga de Provence, but there appears to be no other basis for this suggestion[151].  Rotbald & his wife had two children: 

1.         BOSON (-after Oct [965/67].  "Bosoni comitis, filii Rothboldi quondam" restored property to Saint-Victor by charter dated Mar 965[152]Comte [d'Arles]. 

-        COMTES de PROVENCE

2.         GUILLAUME [I] (-after Mar 965).  "Eius filio Rothboldo et fratre eius Wilelmo comite" consented to the charter of "Bosoni comitis, filii Rothboldi quondam" dated Mar 965, signed by "comes Boso…comes Wilelmus…"[153]Comte [d´Avignon].  "Wilelmus comes" granted property "in comitatu Avenionense" to "Archimbalde filius meus clericus" by charter dated 962, signed by "Boso, comes ad vicem patris sui Wilelmi…Nevelongo vicecomite"[154].  It is not beyond doubt that "Willelmus comes" can be identified with the brother of Comte Boson but the reference to Avignon makes this likely.  m ---.  The name of this couple's possible son suggests a family connection between his mother and the family of the Sires de Bourbon.  She is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[155] as the daughter of Aimon de Bourbon but it is not known whether this is speculation based only on onomastics or whether it is based on a primary source which has not yet been identified.  Guillaume & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [BOSON (-after 962).  "Wilelmus comes" granted property "in comitatu Avenionense" to "Archimbalde filius meus clericus" by charter dated 962, signed by "Boso, comes ad vicem patris sui Wilelmi"[156].] 

b)         [ARCHAMBAUD (-[989]).  "Wilelmus comes" granted property "in comitatu Avenionense" to "Archimbalde filius meus clericus" by charter dated 962[157].] 

 

 

 

D.      EARLY VICOMTES in PROVENCE

 

 

1.         BERMOND (-after 1 Apr 976).  "Bermundus vicecomis" signed a charter at Avignon of Landry Bishop of Avignon dated 1 Apr 976[158]

 

2.         RUCTALD (-after [951/52]).  "Lucerius sacerdos" donated property "in pago Uzetico" to Cluny, for the souls of "genitoris mei Castellani et genetricis meæ Marthæ" and for the salvation of "senioris mei domni Amalrici comitis, dominæ meæ Ermengardis comitissæ et senioris mei Bermondi comitis et Rotberti consobrini mei", by charter dated to [951/52], signed by "…Bermundi comitis, Ructaldi vicecomitis…"[159]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    COMTES de PROVENCE 961-1093

 

 

 

A.      EARLY COMTES de PROVENCE

 

 

1.         HUGUES "le Noir", son of RICHARD "le Justicier" Duke of Burgundy & his wife Adelais of Burgundy [Kingdom] (-17 Dec 952, bur Besançon).  Flodoard names "Hugo filius Richardi"[160].  Comte in the area outre-Saône, the future Franche-Comté, before 914.  "Hugo inclitus comes et marchio, nosterque fidelis et propinquus" is named in the charter of Emperor Louis III [de Provence] (his first cousin) dated 920[161].  "Ugonem comte palatio filius Ricardi" is named in a charter dated 18 Jan 926 in which Bertagia challenges an inheritance[162].  He is named "Huguone aliis quoque filiis meis" in the grant by "Adeleydis comitissa soror Rodulfi" to Cluny dated 14 Jun 929, listed before Boson[163]Comte de Mâcon from 931.  "Hugonis frater meus" is named by "Rodulfus Francorum rex" in the latter's 1 Jul 931 charter[164]Comte et Marquis de Provence 936.  After the death of his brother King Raoul in 936, he and Hugues "le Blanc/le Grand" Capet, and his possible brother-in-law Giselbert, divided Burgundy between them.  He was seen by Hugues "le Grand" Capet as a potentially too powerful candidate for the French throne after his brother's death in 936, prompting Hugues to recall the future King Louis IV "d'Outremer" from England, whom Hugues "le Noir" refused to recognise as king until 938[165].  He is named "nostri principes…alter Hugo dux scilicet Burgundionum" in a charter of "Ludovicus rex" dated 1 Jul 946[166]

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de PROVENCE 961-1112

 

 

BOSON, son of ROTBALD [I] & his wife --- (-after Oct [965/67]).  "Bosoni comitis, filii Rothboldi quondam" restored property to Saint-Victor by charter dated Mar 965[167]Comte [d'Arles].  "Boso comes et uxor sua Constantia…illorum filii…Willelmus comes, Rotbaldus comes, Pontius juvenis" signed the charter dated May [963] under which "Gencius et uxor mea Aiburga" donated property "in pago Aquense superiore ad castrum…Ansoyse" to Monmajour, for the souls of "seniore meo Bosone et uxor sua quondam"[168].  "Boso comes" donated property "villam…Agello…ultra fluvium Durentia" acquired by his father to "ecclesiam sancte Marie et sancti Stephani Avinionensis", dated Oct [965/67] at Avignon but referred to only in a copy dated 24 Nov 1209[169]

m CONSTANTIA, daughter of --- (-after May [963]).  "Boso comes et uxor sua Constantia…illorum filii…Willelmus comes, Rotbaldus comes, Pontius juvenis" signed the charter dated May [963] under which "Gencius et uxor mea Aiburga" donated property "in pago Aquense superiore ad castrum…Ansoyse" to Monmajour[170].  Her affiliation is unknown.  Chaume proposed that she was Constantia, daughter of Charles Constantin Comte de Vienne, for onomastic reasons only on the basis that names with the root "Constant-" were unknown in western royal genealogy before Charles Constantin himself[171].  This supposition is, however, incorrect as numerous charters of the monastery of Cluny dated between 891 and 946 include the name "Constantia"[172], and many others during the same period the name "Constantius" and "Constantinus".  Poly suggests that Constantia, wife of Count Boson, was the sister rather than daughter of Charles Constantin[173], but this appears to be more difficult to sustain chronologically. 

Boson & his wife had three children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [II] ([955]-Avignon 993 after 29 Aug, bur Sarrians, église de Sainte-Croix).  "Boso comes et uxor sua Constantia…illorum filii…Willelmus comes, Rotbaldus comes, Pontius juvenis" signed the charter dated May [963] under which "Gencius et uxor mea Aiburga" donated property "in pago Aquense superiore ad castrum…Ansoyse" to Monmajour[174].  The order of birth of the two older sons of Boson is unclear.  The May [963] charter suggests that Guillaume was his older son.  However, the name order is reversed in the charter dated Mar 965 under which "eius filio Rothboldo et fratre eius Wilelmo comite" consented to the charter of "Bosoni comitis, filii Rothboldi quondam"[175], which suggests that Rotbald was older.  Comte de Provence, charters showing that both he and his brother Rotbald were recorded as counts during the same period, although it is not known whether this was a joint countship or whether there was a geographical split between their jurisdictions. 

-        see below

2.         ROTBALD [II] (-[1008/22 Apr 1015]).  "Boso comes et uxor sua Constantia…illorum filii…Willelmus comes, Rotbaldus comes, Pontius juvenis" signed the charter dated May [963] under which "Gencius et uxor mea Aiburga" donated property "in pago Aquense superiore ad castrum…Ansoyse" to Monmajour[176].  The order of birth of the two older sons of Boson is unclear.  The May [963] charter suggests that Guillaume was his older son.  However, the name order is reversed in the charter dated Mar 965 under which "eius filio Rothboldo et fratre eius Wilelmo comite" consented to the charter of "Bosoni comitis, filii Rothboldi quondam"[177], which suggests that Rotbald was older.  Comte de Provence, charters showing that both he and his brother Guillaume were recorded as counts during the same period, although it is not known whether this was a joint countship or whether there was a geographical split between their jurisdictions.  "Rotbaldus comes" consented to the donation by "Wilelmus comes Provincie et coniunx mea Arsinna" to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated Apr 970[178].  "Willelmus comes" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 28 Aug [990] signed by "Rodbaldus comes, Adalaix comitissa, Wilelmus comes et filius eius Wilelmus"[179]"Dominus princeps et marchio istius provinciæ…Willelmus cum coniuge sua…Adelaix et filio suo…Willelmo" restored property to the abbey of Saint-Césaire d´Arles by charter dated 992, subscribed by "Domnus Rotbaldus comes…Willelmus comes filius Rotbaldi et uxor sua Lucia, Wilelmus comes Tolosanus et uxor sua Ema…"[180].  [Marquis de Provence: it is unclear whether this was a title regularly used by Rotbald [II].  He is only recorded as “marchio” in one charter, which in the subscription clause refers to him as “comes”: "Rotbaldus marchio et conjux mea…Eimildis" donated "castrum…Podium Odolinum" to Cluny by charter dated to [993/1002] signed by "Rotbaldus comes et uxor sua Eimildis, Adalax comitissa et filius suus Willelmus…"[181].]  "Rotbaldus comes et coniux mea Ermengarda" donated "villam…Pertusus…in regno Provinciæ in pago Aquense" to Monmajour by charter dated 1002, signed by "Rotbaldus comes et uxor sua Ermengarda…Willelmus nepos suus…Adalax comitissa"[182].  "Pontius…Massiliensis ecclesie pontifex" issued a charter dated 1005 with the consent of "domni Rodhbaldi comitis et domne Adalaizis comitisse, domnique Guillelmi comitis filii eius"[183]m [firstly] (before [975/80]) ERMENGARDE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 22 Apr 1015 under which her daughter "Ema comitissa filia Rotboldi comitis et Hermengardæ uxoris eius, matris meæ" donated property "ex hereditate…in comitatu Forojuliensi in castro…Favart" to the priory of Courrenz (in Provence)[184].  [m secondly EMILDE, daughter of --- (-after [993/1002]).  "Rotbaldus marchio et conjux mea…Eimildis" donated "castrum…Podium Odolinum" to Cluny by charter dated to [993/1002] signed by "Rotbaldus comes et uxor sua Eimildis, Adalax comitissa et filius suus Willelmus…"[185].  According to Manteyer, Comte Rotbald [II] married once and "Emilde" and "Ermengarde" refer to the same person.  The later references to Ermengarde (shown below as a possible third wife) suggest that this may be correct.  However, the roots of the two names appear different, suggesting that they were two different persons.  If that is correct, the charter dated to [993/1002] shows that Emilde must have been Rotbald´s second wife, assuming that the birth date of his daughter Emma is correctly estimated as shown below.  Her origin is unknown.  Szabolcs de Vajay suggests[186] that she was Emilde de Gévaudan, daughter of Etienne Vicomte de Gévaudan & his first wife Anne ---.]  [m thirdly ([1002] or before) ERMENGARDE, daughter of ---.  "Rotbaldus comes et coniux mea Ermengarda" donated "villam…Pertusus…in regno Provinciæ in pago Aquense" to Monmajour by charter dated 1002, signed by "Rotbaldus comes et uxor sua Ermengarda…Willelmus nepos suus…Adalax comitissa"[187].  "Rotbaldus comes et coniunx mea Ermengarda" signed a charter dated [1002][188].  "Ermengardi uxor Rodbaldi comitis" was among the subscribers of the charter dated 1005 of "Pontius…Massiliensis ecclesie pontifex"[189]Europäische Stammtafeln[190] identifies her as Ermengarde, daughter of --- (-25 or 27 Aug after 1057), who married secondly ([24 Apr/28 Jul] 1011) as his second wife, Rudolf III King of Burgundy.  Presumably this is based on the charter dated 1019 which is signed by "Ermengarda regina et filii mei Ugo et Willelmus"[191], assuming that "Willelmus" was the same person as Guillaume [V] Comte de Provence, son of Comte Rotbald [II], who is shown below.  However, this co-identity is far from satisfactory.  There are two main problems.  Firstly, the sons are ordered "Ugo et Willelmus" in the 1019 document, which suggests that Hugues was the older son.  However, no reference has been found to Comte Guillaume [V] having an older brother named Hugues, which in any case is not a name which is found in the family of the comtes de Provence.  Secondly, Comte Guillaume [V] is named with his wife in a charter dated 992 which, if correctly dated, shows that he could not have been born much later than [975].  If that is correct, his mother would have been too old in 1011 to have married King Rudolf III, who was presumably hoping for an heir as he was childless by his first marriage.  Europäische Stammtafeln appears to find a way around these difficulties by stating that Ermengarde was the wife of "Rotbald [III]" who, it says, was the son of Comte Rotbald [II][192].  However, no primary source has been found which confirms that this Rotbald [III] ever existed.  In addition, the 1002 charter quoted above confirms that Guillaume son of Adelais (identified as Guillaume [III] Comte de Provence), was nepos of Ermengarde´s husband, which would be correct if Guillaume´s father and Ermengarde´s husband were brothers as shown in the reconstruction in the present document, although it is recognised that the word nepos is used flexibly in contemporary documentation.  If it is not correct that Rotbald [II]´s supposed third wife married King Rudolf, the possibility remains that Comte Rotbald [II] in fact only married once and that all the references to Ermengarde and Emilde are to the same person.]  Rotbald [II] & his first wife had one child: 

a)         EMMA ([975/80]-after 1063)"Dominus princeps et marchio istius provinciæ…Willelmus cum coniuge sua…Adelaix et filio suo…Willelmo" restored property to the abbey of Saint-Césaire d´Arles by charter dated 992, subscribed by "Domnus Rotbaldus comes…Willelmus comes filius Rotbaldi et uxor sua Lucia, Wilelmus comes Tolosanus et uxor sua Ema…"[193].  "Wilelmus comes Tholose" donated "villam…Pertusus…in regno Provinciæ in pago Aquense" to the monastery of Saint-Pierre de Psalmody by charter dated 999 which names "Emam uxorem eius et…filios eorum…Raimundum et Aialricum et Pontium et Bertrannum"[194].  These two charters show that Emma was married much earlier than is generally shown in secondary sources.  "Ema comitissa filia Rotboldi comitis et Hermengardæ uxoris eius, matris meæ" donated property "ex hereditate…in comitatu Forojuliensi in castro…Favart" to the priory of Courrenz (in Provence) by charter dated 22 Apr 1015, signed by "Ema comitissa, Heldebertus de Castro-Rainaldo"[195].  "Emma comitissa et filius meus Pontius" donated property to Saint-André d´Avignon by charter dated Nov 1024[196].  "Wilelmus comes Tolosanus et uxor mea Ema" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1024[197].  "Emma comitissa et filius meus Pontius" donated property in Avignon to "ecclesiæ sancti Martini in monte Andaone" by undated charter[198]m (992 or before) as his second wife GUILLAUME III "Taillefer" Comte de Toulouse, son of RAYMOND PONS Comte de Toulouse & his [second] wife Adelais d'Anjou ([970/75]-Sep 1037, bur Toulouse, Saint-Sernin). 

Rotbald [II] & his [first/second] wife had [three] children: 

b)         GUILLAUME [V] (-after 1037).  "Dominus princeps et marchio istius provinciæ…Willelmus cum coniuge sua…Adelaix et filio suo…Willelmo" restored property to the abbey of Saint-Césaire d´Arles by charter dated 992, subscribed by "Domnus Rotbaldus comes…Willelmus comes filius Rotbaldi et uxor sua Lucia, Wilelmus comes Tolosanus et uxor sua Ema…"[199].  ["Ermengarda regina et filii mei Ugo et Willelmus" signed a letter dated 1019[200].  Thietmar records that "King Rudolf's wife" commended to Emperor Heinrich II her two sons, stepsons of her husband, at a meeting at Strasbourg in 1016 but does not name them[201].  As discussed more fully above, it is doubtful whether the charter dated 1019 and Thietmar´s text refer to Guillaume [V] Comte de Provence.]  Comte de Provence.  "Vuilelmus filius Rodbaldi" donated property "in comitatu Aquense in valle…Cagnanam" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1024, signed by "Adalaiz comitissa, Vuilelmus comes filius Rodbaldi"[202].  "Willelmus comes Provincie et uxor mea…Lucia" donated property to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 1030, signed by "Poncius comes, filius Tolosani, Bertrannus frater eius"[203].  [Marquis de Provence: it is unclear whether this was a title regularly used by Guillaume [V].  He is only recorded as “marchio” in one charter: “Willelmus marchio eiusque conjux Lucia comitissa” donated property to Saint-André de Gap by charter dated 9 May 1030[204].]  "Willelmus comes Provinciæ…Lucia uxor mea" donated property "Diliadam et Septem Fontes…in episcopatu Regensi" to Cluny by charter dated 1037, which is marked on the back "Willelmi comitis filii Rodbaldi"[205]m (992 or before) LUCIA, daughter of --- (-after 1037).  "Dominus princeps et marchio istius provinciæ…Willelmus cum coniuge sua…Adelaix et filio suo…Willelmo" restored property to the abbey of Saint-Césaire d´Arles by charter dated 992, subscribed by "Domnus Rotbaldus comes…Willelmus comes filius Rotbaldi et uxor sua Lucia, Wilelmus comes Tolosanus et uxor sua Ema…"[206].  The list of subscribers of this document presents dating difficulties as the last two named couples appear from other primary sources to belong to a later period.  The probable explanation is that two lists from two different documents were copied and incorrectly combined.  "Willelmus comes Provincie et uxor mea…Lucia" donated property to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 1030, signed by "Poncius comes, filius Tolosani, Bertrannus frater eius"[207].  "Willelmus comes Provinciæ…Lucia uxor mea" donated property "Diliadam et Septem Fontes…in episcopatu Regensi" to Cluny by charter dated 1037, which is marked on the back "Willelmi comitis filii Rodbaldi"[208]

c)         EMILDE .  Nun.  She is named in Europäische Stammtafeln[209] as the daughter of Rotbald [II] but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified. 

d)         [TETBERGA (-after 1010).  Armengol and his wife "Geriberga" sold property to a vassal by charter dated 11 Jun 1101[210].  Her origin is not known.  She is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[211] as Tetberga, (presumably on the basis that "Geriberga" is a mistranscription in the document cited above) [daughter of Rotbold [II] Comte de Provence & his wife Eimilde de Gevaudan], but the basis for this speculation is not known.  m (before 11 Jun 1001) ARMENGOL [I] "él de Córdoba" Comte de Urgell, son of BORELL [II] Comte de Barcelona & his first wife Ledgarda [de Toulouse] ([975]-Córdoba 1 Sep 1010).] 

Rotbald [II] & his [third] wife had [two] children: 

e)         [HUGUES (-after 1019).  "Ermengarda regina et filii mei Ugo et Willelmus" signed a charter dated 1019[212].  Thietmar records that "King Rudolf's wife" commended to Emperor Heinrich II her two sons, stepsons of her husband, at a meeting at Strasbourg in 1016 but does not name them[213].  The identification of these two brothers as the sons of Comte Rotbald [II] assumes that Comte Rotbald´s supposed third wife Ermengarde married secondly Rudolf III King of Burgundy, which as explained above is not proven beyond doubt.] 

f)          [GUILLAUME (-after 1019).  "Ermengarda regina et filii mei Ugo et Willelmus" signed a letter dated 1019[214].  Thietmar records that "King Rudolf's wife" commended to Emperor Heinrich II her two sons, stepsons of her husband, at a meeting at Strasbourg in 1016 but does not name them[215].  The identification of these two brothers as the sons of Comte Rotbald [II] assumes that Comte Rotbald´s supposed third wife Ermengarde married secondly Rudolf III King of Burgundy, which as explained above is not proven beyond doubt.  As far as Guillaume is concerned, it seems unlikely that he was the same person as Guillaume [V] Comte de Provence who, as a middle-aged adult, would not have needed to be "commended" to the emperor by his wife in 1016.  In any case, it seems unlikely that Rotbald would have given the name Guillaume to the second of the sons when his older half-brother, the future Guillaume [V] Comte de Provence, was still alive as shown above.] 

3.         PONS (-after May [963]).  "Boso comes et uxor sua Constantia…illorum filii…Willelmus comes, Rotbaldus comes, Pontius juvenis" signed the charter dated May [963] under which "Gencius et uxor mea Aiburga" donated property "in pago Aquense superiore ad castrum…Ansoyse" to Monmajour, for the souls of "seniore meo Bosone et uxor sua quondam"[216]

 

 

GUILLAUME [II] “le Libérateur”, son of BOSON Comte [d´Arles] & his wife Constantia --- ([955]-Avignon 993 after 29 Aug, bur Sarrians, église de Sainte-Croix).  "Boso comes et uxor sua Constantia…illorum filii…Willelmus comes, Rotbaldus comes, Pontius juvenis" signed the charter dated May [963] under which "Gencius et uxor mea Aiburga" donated property "in pago Aquense superiore ad castrum…Ansoyse" to Monmajour[217].  The order of birth of the two older sons of Boson is unclear.  The May [963] charter suggests that Guillaume was his older son.  However, the name order is reversed inthe charter dated Mar 965 under which "eius filio Rothboldo et fratre eius Wilelmo comite" consented to the charter of "Bosoni comitis, filii Rothboldi quondam"[218], which suggests that Rotbald was older.  Comte de Provence, charters showing that both he and his brother Rotbald were recorded as counts during the same period, although it is not known whether this was a joint countship or whether there was a geographical split between their jurisdictions.   Marquis de Provence.  "Vuilelmus marchius Arelatense Provintie" donated property "in comitatu Avinionense, in agro Rupiano, in loco…la Lona" to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 17 Apr 979, signed by "Arsinda comitissa"[219].  "Willelmus comes" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 28 Aug [990] signed by "Rodbaldus comes, Adalaix comitissa, Wilelmus comes et filius eius Wilelmus"[220]"Dominus princeps et marchio istius provinciæ…Willelmus cum coniuge sua…Adelaix et filio suo…Willelmo" restored property to the abbey of Saint-Césaire d´Arles by charter dated 992, subscribed by "Domnus Rotbaldus comes…Willelmus comes filius Rotbaldi et uxor sua Lucia, Wilelmus comes Tolosanus et uxor sua Ema…"[221].  He became a monk. 

m firstly (before Apr 970) ARSINDE, daughter of --- (-after 17 Apr 979).  "Wilelmus comes Provincie et coniunx mea Arsinna" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated Apr 970[222].  "Vuilelmus marchius Arelatense Provintie" donated property "in comitatu Avinionense, in agro Rupiano, in loco…la Lona" to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 17 Apr 979, signed by "Arsinda comitissa"[223]Szabolcs de Vajay suggests that the first wife of Guillaume was the sister of Adelais, whose first testament dated 4 Oct 978 names her, basing the hypothesis on onomastics and favorable chronology[224]Under this testament of "Adelais", she donated her foundation "Narbonam…sanctique Salvatoris" to "sororibus meis et domnæ Arsindæ comitissæ", bequeathed "mea hereditas de Vidiliano" to "Arsindi sorori meæ", "alodes de Tolomiano" to "Ermesindi", and "mea hereditas de Artimiciano" to "Garsindi"[225].  The wording suggests that "Arsindi…Ermesindi…Garsindi" were all sisters of the testator.  It is probable that "domnæ Arsindæ comitissæ" in this document was the wife of Guillaume [II] Comte de Provence as no other Ctss Arsende has been identified at the time.  However, the wording of the passage in which she is named suggests that she was a different person from "Arsindi sorori meæ".  Szabolcs de Vajay suggests (as reported by Settipani: the Szabolcs article has not yet been consulted) that the testator was the possible daughter of Arnaud [I] Comte de Comminges.  She can be identified as Adelais, widow of Matfried Vicomte de Narbonne, as the document names the couple´s two sons whose affiliation is confirmed by other primary sources.  As explained more fully in the document TOULOUSE, KINGS, DUKES & COUNTS, other primary source documentation suggests that the wife of Vicomte Matfried may have been the daughter of Raymond Pons Comte de Toulouse.  If this is correct, the chronology suggests that her sister would have been too old to have married Guillaume [II] Comte de Provence. 

m secondly ([984/86]) as her fourth husband, ADELAIS [Blanche] d'Anjou, widow firstly of ETIENNE de Brioude, secondly of RAYMOND IV Comte de Toulouse, divorced wife (thirdly) of LOUIS V King of the West Franks, daughter of FOULQUES II "le Bon" Comte d’Anjou & his first wife Gerberge --- ([945/50]-1026, bur Montmajour, near Arles).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the Chronicle of Saint-Pierre du Puy which names "comes Gaufridus cognomento Grisogonella…Pontius et Bertrandus eius nepotes…matre eorum Adalaide sorore ipsius"[226], the brothers Pons and Bertrand being confirmed in other sources as the sons of Etienne de Brioude, for example the charter dated 1000 under which "duo germani fratres…Pontius, alter Bertrandus" donated property to Saint-Chaffre for the souls of "patris sui Stephani matrisque nomine Alaicis"[227].  Adelais's second and third marriages are confirmed by Richer who records the marriage of Louis and "Adelaidem, Ragemundi nuper defuncti ducis Gothorum uxorem" and their coronation as king and queen of Aquitaine[228].  The Chronicon Andegavensi names "Blanchiam filiam Fulconis Boni comitis Andegavensis" as wife of the successor of "Lotharius rex Francorum", but confuses matters by stating that the couple were parents of "filiam Constantiam" wife of Robert II King of France[229].  The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence names "Blanchiam" as the wife of "Lotharius rex…Ludovicum filium" but does not give her origin[230].  She was crowned Queen of Aquitaine with her third husband on the day of their marriage.  The Libro de Otiis Imperialibus names "Blanchiam" as wife of "Ludovicus puer [filius Lotharii]"[231].  Rodulfus Glaber refers to the unnamed wife of "Ludowicum" as "ab Aquitanis partibus uxorem", recounting that she tricked him into travelling to Aquitaine where "she left him and attached herself to her own family"[232].  Richer records her marriage with "Wilelmum Arelatensem" after her divorce from Louis[233].  Her fourth marriage is confirmed by the Historia Francorum which names "Blanca sorore Gaufridi comitis Andegavensis" as wife of "Guillelmi comitis Arelatensis"[234].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Blanche comitisse Arelatensis" as mother of "Constantia [uxor Robertus rex]", specifying that she was "soror Gaufridi Grisagonelli"[235].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Blanca sorore eius" ( "eius" referring incorrectly to Foulques "Nerra" Comte d'Anjou) as wife of "Guillelmi Arelatensis comitis" and as mother of Constance, wife of Robert II King of France[236]"Dominus princeps et marchio istius provinciæ…Willelmus cum coniuge sua…Adelaix et filio suo…Willelmo" restored property to the abbey of Saint-Césaire d´Arles by charter dated 992, subscribed by "Domnus Rotbaldus comes…Willelmus comes filius Rotbaldi et uxor sua Lucia, Wilelmus comes Tolosanus et uxor sua Ema…"[237].  "Adalaiz comitissa" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1003[238].  This charter is subscribed by "Emma comitissa…Wilelmus comes", the second of whom was presumably the son of Adelais but the first of whom has not been identified.  "Pontius…Massiliensis ecclesie pontifex" issued a charter dated 1005 with the consent of "domni Rodhbaldi comitis et domne Adalaizis comitisse, domnique Guillelmi comitis filii eius"[239].  "Adalax comitissa mater Villelmi quondam Provintie comitis et Geriberga eque comitissa…eiusdem principis olim uxor" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of their late son and husband respectively by charter dated 1018[240].  No explanation has been found for her having been named Adelais in some sources and Blanche in others, as it is difficult to interpret the documentation as meaning that they refer to two separate individuals.  [Adelais may have married fifthly (before Sep 1016) as his second wife, Othon Guillaume Comte de Mâcon et de Nevers [Bourgogne-Comté].  Adelais's supposed fifth marriage is deduced from the following: Count Othon-Guillaume's wife is named Adelais in several charters[241], and Pope Benedict VIII refers to "domnæ Adeleidi comitissæ cognomento Blanchæ" with "nuruique eius domnæ Gerbergæ comitissæ" when addressing her supposed fifth husband in a document dated Sep 1016[242], Gerberga presumably being Count Othon-Guillaume's daughter by his first wife who was the widow of Adelaide-Blanche d´Anjou's son by her fourth husband.  However, the document in question appears not to specify that "domnæ Adeleidi…" was the wife of Othon Guillaume and the extracts seen (the full text has not yet been consulted) do not permit this conclusion to be drawn.  It is perfectly possible that the Pope named Adelais-Blanche in the letter only in reference to her relationship to Othon Guillaume´s daughter.  If her fifth marriage is correct, Adelais would have been considerably older than her new husband, and probably nearly sixty years old when she married (Othon-Guillaume's first wife died in [1002/04]), which seems unlikely.  Another difficulty is presented by the entries dated 1018, 1024 and 1026, quoted above and below, which appear to link Adelais to Provence while, if the fifth marriage was correct, she would have been with her husband (whose death is recorded in Sep 1026) in Mâcon.]  "Vuilelmus filius Rodbaldi" donated property "in comitatu Aquense in valle…Cagnanam" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1024, signed by "Adalaiz comitissa, Vuilelmus comes filius Rodbaldi"[243].  A manuscript written by Arnoux, monk at Saint-André-lès-Avignon, records the death in 1026 of "Adalax comitissa"[244].  The necrology of Saint-Pierre de Mâcon records the death "IV Kal Jun" of "Adalasia comitissa vocata regali progenie orta"[245].  An enquiry dated 2 Jan 1215 records that "comitissa Blanca" was buried "apud Montem Majorem"[246]

Comte Guillaume [II] & his second wife had two children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [III] ([986/87]-1018 before 30 May, bur Abbaye de Montmajour).  "Willelmus comes" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 28 Aug [990] signed by "Rodbaldus comes, Adalaix comitissa, Wilelmus comes et filius eius Wilelmus"[247].  "Pontius…Massiliensis ecclesie pontifex" issued a charter dated 1005 with the consent of "domni Rodhbaldi comitis et domne Adalaizis comitisse, domnique Guillelmi comitis filii eius"[248].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[249], he was the son of Comte Guillaume by his first wife but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified.  It is probably speculative, based on his marriage date, which suggests that he was born earlier than the date of his father's second marriage.  In any case, Guillaume's parentage appears to be proved by the charter dated 1005.  Comte de Provence 992, minor until 994.   

-        see below

2.         CONSTANCE ([987/89]-Château de Melun 22 or 25 Jul 1032, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  The Historia Francorum names "Constantiam, filiam Guillelmi comitis Arelatensis, natam de Blanca sorore Gaufridi comitis Andegavensis" as wife of King Robert[250].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines also names "Constantia filia fuit Blanche comitisse Arelatensis" as wife of "Robertus rex"[251].  The Chronicon Hugonis names "Constantiam" as wife of "Robertus", specifying that she was "cognatam Hugonis Autisiodorensis episcopi comitis Cabilonensis"[252].  This is presumably based on Rodulfus Glaber who states incorrectly that "Constantiam…filiam…prioris Willemi Aquitanie ducis" was wife of King Robert II, specifying that she was "cognatam" of Hugues Comte de Chalon Bishop of Auxerre[253].  The only relationship so far identified between the two is that Constance's maternal uncle, Geoffroy I Comte d'Anjou, was the second husband of the mother of Comte Hugues.  Rodulfus Glauber dates her marriage to "about the year 1000"[254].  The king attempted to separate from Constance in 1008 in order to take back his second wife, according to Rodulfus Glaber through the influence of "Hugo dictus Beluacensis"[255], but he restored Constance's royal prerogatives end 1009[256].  She opposed her husband's proposal to crown their second son Henri as associate king in 1026, supporting the candidature of her third son Robert[257].  She organised two revolts against King Robert and another against her son King Henri I after his accession[258].  Rodolfus Glaber records the death of Queen Constance in the same city as her husband [Melun] and in the same month [Jul] in the following year, and her place of burial[259].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés records the death "XI Kal Aug" of "regina Constancia"[260].  The necrology of Argenteuil Priory records the death "VIII Kal Aug" of "Constancia regina"[261]m ([Sep 1001/25 Aug 1003]) as his third wife, ROBERT II King of France, son of HUGUES Capet King of France & his wife Adelais [de Poitou] (Orléans ([27 Mar] 972-Château de Melun 20 Jul 1031, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).   

 

 

GUILLAUME [III] de Provence, son of GUILLAUME [II] Comte de Provence et d'Arles & his second wife Adelais [Blanche] d´Anjou ([986/87]-1018 before 30 May, bur Abbaye de Montmajour).  "Willelmus comes" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 28 Aug [990] signed by "Rodbaldus comes, Adalaix comitissa, Wilelmus comes et filius eius Wilelmus"[262]"Dominus princeps et marchio istius provinciæ…Willelmus cum coniuge sua…Adelaix et filio suo…Willelmo" restored property to the abbey of Saint-Césaire d´Arles by charter dated 992, subscribed by "Domnus Rotbaldus comes…Willelmus comes filius Rotbaldi et uxor sua Lucia, Wilelmus comes Tolosanus et uxor sua Ema…"[263].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[264], he was the son of Comte Guillaume by his first wife but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified.  It is probably speculative, based on his marriage date, which suggests that he was born earlier than the date of his father's second marriage.  In any case, Guillaume's parentage appears to be proved by the charter dated 1005 quoted below.  He succeeded his father in 992 as Comte de Provence.  "Pontius…Massiliensis ecclesie pontifex" issued a charter dated 1005 with the consent of "domni Rodhbaldi comitis et domne Adalaizis comitisse, domnique Guillelmi comitis filii eius"[265].  "Wilelmus comes Provincie conjuxque mea Girberga cum filio nostro...Wilelmo" donated "in comitatu Sisterico, intra terminos de villa…Manuasca" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1013, subscribed by “Wilelmus comes Provincie...domna Guirberga...comitissa, domnus Wilelmus eorum...soboles, Guillelmus vicecomes, Fulco frater eius, Accelena et Odila, Villelmus filius Villemi...[266]

m ([1002]) GERBERGE de Mâcon, daughter of OTHON GUILLAUME Comte de Mâcon [Bourgogne-Comté] & his first wife Ermentrude de Roucy ([985]-[1020/23]).  Rodulfus Glaber states that "Willemus…Arelatensis" married one of the daughters of "Willemus, Henrici ducis priuignus, Adalberti Longobardorum ducis filius" and his wife but does not name her[267].  She is named in several charters of Saint-Victor de Marseille.  "Wilelmus comes Provincie conjuxque mea Girberga cum filio nostro...Wilelmo" donated "in comitatu Sisterico, intra terminos de villa…Manuasca" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1013[268].  "Adalax comitissa mater Villelmi quondam Provintie comitis et Geriberga eque comitissa…eiusdem principis olim uxor" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of their late son and husband respectively by charter dated 1018[269].  "Geriberga comitissa" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of "senioris mei Guilelmi comitis Provincie" and for "filiorumque nostrorum…Wilelmo, Fulcho, Jozfredus" by charter dated 1019[270].  "Gisberga comitissa…cum filiis meis Willelmo, Fulcone Bertranno, Gaufredo" donated property to Saint-André-lès-Avignon by charter dated 1019[271]

Comte Guillaume [III] & his wife had three children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [IV] ([1003/10]-[1019/30]).  "Wilelmus comes Provincie conjuxque mea Girberga cum filio nostro...Wilelmo" donated "in comitatu Sisterico, intra terminos de villa…Manuasca" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1013, subscribed by “Wilelmus comes Provincie...domna Guirberga...comitissa, domnus Wilelmus eorum...soboles...[272].  "Geiriberga comitissima et filii mei Vuilelmus et Fulco sive Josfredus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1018[273].  "Wilelmus filius Vilelmi comitis, Fulco frater eius, Gosfredus" subscribed the charter dated 1018 under which "Adalax comitissa mater Villelmi quondam Provintie comitis et Geriberga eque comitissa…eiusdem principis olim uxor" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of their late son and husband respectively[274]GUILLAUME [IV] Comte de Provence.  "Geriberga comitissa" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of "senioris mei Guilelmi comitis Provincie" and for "filiorumque nostrorum…Wilelmo, Fulcho, Jozfredus" by charter dated 1019[275].  "Gisberga comitissa…cum filiis meis Willelmo, Fulcone Bertranno, Gaufredo" donated property to Saint-André-lès-Avignon by charter dated 1019[276].  Guillaume must have died before the charter dated 1030 when "Bertrannus comes Provincie" donated property to Saint-Victor, Marseille[277]

2.         FOULQUES BERTRAND (-[1050/54]).  "Geiriberga comitissima et filii mei Vuilelmus et Fulco sive Josfredus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1018[278], which indicates that Foulques was her second son.  This is confirmed by "Wilelmus filius Vilelmi comitis, Fulco frater eius, Gosfredus" subscribing the charter dated 1018 under which "Adalax comitissa mater Villelmi quondam Provintie comitis et Geriberga eque comitissa…eiusdem principis olim uxor" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of their late son and husband respectively[279], and by the charter dated 1019 under which "Geriberga comitissa" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of "senioris mei Guilelmi comitis Provincie" and for "filiorumque nostrorum…Wilelmo, Fulcho, Jozfredus"[280].  "Gisberga comitissa…cum filiis meis Willelmo, Fulcone Bertranno, Gaufredo" donated property to Saint-André-lès-Avignon by charter dated 1019[281].  This is the only document which indicates that Foulques was the same person as "Bertrand Comte de Provence" who is named in later sources.  No explanation has yet been found for his change of name.  Comte de Provence.  "Bertrannus comes" donated property to Saint-Victor Marseille by undated charter, dated to [1018/32], subscribed by "Beringarius vicecomes"[282].  "Bertrannus comes Provincie" donated property to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 1030[283].  "Duo fratres, comites Provincie, Gausfredus atque Bertrannus" made a joint donation to Cluny dated 26 May 1037[284].  "Godfredus et frater meus Bertrannus comites Proventie" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 16 Jan 1040[285]Marquis de Provence.  "Bertrannus…marchio sive comes Provincie" granted property "territorio castelli…Forcalcherium" to Saint-Victor Marseille, for the soul of "genitoris mei Willelmi", by charter dated 1044, subscribed by "Berengarius vicecomes, Miro vicecomes, Raiambaldus de Ni ca, Rostagnus vicecomes…", and renewed by "Vilelmus et Gauzfredus comites sive marchiones Provincie, filii prefati Bertranni" (witnessed by "Berengarius filius Berengarii vicecomitis")[286].  "Gosfredus et Bertrannus frater meus, utrique Provinciales marchiones sive comites" donated property to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 1048[287]m (before 23 Apr 1040) ELDIARDE EVEZA, daughter of ---.  "Bertrannus comes" donated property to Monmajour, with the consent of "Eldejarda Eveza uxor eius", by charter dated 23 Apr 1040[288].  Comte Bertrand & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUILLAUME [VI] BERTRAND (-before 1067)Comte de Provence, Marquis de Provence"Vilelmus et Gauzfredus comites sive marchiones Provincie, filii prefati Bertranni" (witnessed by "Berengarius filius Berengarii vicecomitis") renewed the donation by "Bertrannus…marchio sive comes Provincie" of property "territorio castelli…Forcalcherium" to Saint-Victor Marseille, for the soul of "genitoris mei Willelmi", by charter dated 1044[289].  Gérard Bishop of Sisteron founded the church of Saint-Pierre at Fontelane, on the advice of "domni Willelmi Bertranni comitis Provincie et comitisse sue uxoris, domni etiam Berengarii filii Berengarii maioris vicecomitis Sigistericensis" by charter dated 1 May 1055[290].  "Gausfredus marchyo sive comes Provincie et uxor mea Stefania et filius meus Bertrannus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1057[291]Comte de Provence et de Forcalquier 1044.  A charter dated 1 May 1055 records a donation to Saint-Victor, Marseille on the advice of "domni Willelmi Bertranni comitis Provincie et comitisse sue uxoris, domni etiam Berengarii filii Berengarii majoris vicecomitis Sigistericensis sueque mulieris Accelene"[292].  "Willelmus comes provincialis, Josfredus frater eius" subscribed a charter dated 14 Feb 1063[293]m firstly Infanta doña TERESA de Aragón, daughter of RAMIRO I King of Aragon & his first wife Gerberge [Ermesenda] de Foix ([1037]-after 29 Jul 1059).  The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña names "Sancha…et…Teresa" as the two daughters of King Ramiro and his wife "la filla del Comte de Bigorra nombrada Hermissenda et por baptismo Gelberda", stating that Teresa married "el Comte de Provença clamado Guillen Bertran"[294]m secondly ADELAIDE de Cavenez, sister of GUY Comte de Cavenez, daughter of --- (-after 1110).  "Adalais comitissa Fulcheriensis et mater mea Adalais et filius meus Willelmus marchio Provincie" restored "mediatem…castri…Lurs" to the bishop of Sisteron by charter dated 1110[295].  The primary source which confirms her family origin has not yet been identified.  Comte Guillaume Bertrand & his second wife had [one child]: 

i)          [ADELAIDE (-1129).  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc states that Bouche claimed that Bertrand, son of Comte Guillaume III, inherited Forcalquier from his mother and that he was ancestor of the later comtes de Forcalquier, but adds that this hypothesis was refuted by Ruffi[296].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and her marriage has not yet been identified.  Heiress of Forcalquier.  "Ermengaudus comes proles condam…comitis Barbastri…Ermengaudi, comitisse namque Adalaidis meeque coniugis" donated property to the monastery of Santa Maria de la Seu d´Urgell by charter dated 29 Aug 1087[297].  "Ermensenz mulier Rostagno Berenguerio" swore homage to "Adalax comitissa filia Adalax comitissa" by undated charter[298].  "Adalais comitissa Fulcheriensis et mater mea Adalais et filius meus Willelmus marchio Provincie" restored "mediatem…castri…Lurs" to the bishop of Sisteron by charter dated 1110[299]m ([1079]) as his second wife, ARMENGOL [IV] "él de Gerp" Conde de Urgel, son of ARMENGOL [III] "él de Barbastro" Conde de Urgel & his [first wife Adelaida de Besalú] ([1050]-28 Mar 1092).] 

b)         GEOFFROY (-[13 Feb 1065/67]Comte de Provence, Marquis de Provence"Vilelmus et Gauzfredus comites sive marchiones Provincie, filii prefati Bertranni" (witnessed by "Berengarius filius Berengarii vicecomitis") renewed the donation by "Bertrannus…marchio sive comes Provincie" of property "territorio castelli…Forcalcherium" to Saint-Victor Marseille, for the soul of "genitoris mei Willelmi", by charter dated 1044[300].  "Willelmus comes provincialis, Josfredus frater eius" subscribed a charter dated 14 Feb 1063[301].  Comte de Forcalquier.  m (before 13 Jul 1065) ERMENGARDE, daughter of --- (-after Apr 1077).  "Bertrannus comes cum Ermingarda uxore" issued a charter dated 13 Jul 1065 relating to the monastery of Saint-André[302], although "Bertrannus" is presumably an error for Geoffroy.  "Ermengarda comitissa" signed a charter dated Apr 1077 recording a donation to Saint-Victor de Marseille[303]

3.         GEOFFROY (-[Feb 1061/62]).  "Geiriberga comitissima et filii mei Vuilelmus et Fulco sive Josfredus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1018[304], which suggests that Geoffroy was her third son.  This appears confirmed by "Wilelmus filius Vilelmi comitis, Fulco frater eius, Gosfredus" subscribing the charter dated 1018 under which "Adalax comitissa mater Villelmi quondam Provintie comitis et Geriberga eque comitissa…eiusdem principis olim uxor" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of their late son and husband respectively[305], and by the charter dated 1019 under which "Geriberga comitissa" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of "senioris mei Guilelmi comitis Provincie" and for "filiorumque nostrorum…Wilelmo, Fulcho, Jozfredus"[306].  "Gisberga comitissa…cum filiis meis Willelmo, Fulcone Bertranno, Gaufredo" donated property to Saint-André-lès-Avignon by charter dated 1019[307].  His ancestry is confirmed by the charter dated 1057 under which "Gausfredus marchyo sive comes Provincie et uxor mea Stefania et filius meus Bertrannus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille naming "avus meus Wuilelmus marchio sive comes Provincie et avia mea Adalax comitissa"[308].  "Duo fratres, comites Provincie, Gausfredus atque Bertrannus" made a joint donation to Cluny dated 26 May 1037[309]GEOFFROY [I] Marquis et Comte de Provence.  "Gauzfredus marchio sive comes Provincie" consented to the donation by "Guillelmus vicecomes Massiliensis…" to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1045[310].  "Gosfredus et Bertrannus frater meus, utrique Provinciales marchiones sive comites" donated property to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 1048[311]m (before 1040) [as her first husband,] ETIENNETTE [Douce], daughter of --- (-after 1 Apr 1080). "Gaufredus comes" donated property to Monmajour by charter dated 1040, signed by "Bertrannus comes…Stephania comitissa"[312].  The date of her marriage is set by the charter dated 27 Jan 1040 under which "Josfredus comes et uxor mea" confirmed a donation of property to Saint-Victor de Marseille, although it is not clear from the document that the confirmation (which appears after the text which recites the original grant) was contemporaneous with the donation[313].  Raimbaud Archbishop of Arles transferred property in the presence of "Jauffredi comitis et Stephanie uxor sue" by charter dated Mar 1048[314].  "Godfredus comes Provincie et uxor mea Stephania et filius meus Bertrannus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1 Jul 1055[315].  "Gausfredus marchyo sive comes Provincie et uxor mea Stefania et filius meus Bertrannus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1057[316].  A charter dated 11 Sep 1096 recalls a donation to Saint-Victor de Marseille by “Stephania comitissa cognomento Dulcis” for the soul of “filii sui Bertranni comitis[317].  Szabolcs de Vajay suggests that the wife of Geoffroy [I] Comte de Provence was Etiennette [Douce] de Marseille, daughter of Guillaume [II] Vicomte de Marseille & his second wife Etiennette [de Baux-Rians][318].  "Bertrannus comes et mater mea Stephania…[et] conjux mea Matildis" donated property to Monmajour by charter dated to Feb [1061/62][319].  [She married secondly[320] ([1062/63]) Bernard II Comte de Bigorre.]  Comte Geoffroy [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         BERTRAND [II] (-[29 Apr 1090/28 Jul 1094]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1057 under which "Gausfredus marchyo sive comes Provincie et uxor mea Stefania et filius meus Bertrannus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille naming "avus meus Wuilelmus marchio sive comes Provincie et avia mea Adalax comitissa"[321]Comte de Provence.  "Bertrannus comes et mater mea Stephania…[et] conjux mea Matildis" donated property to Monmajour by charter dated to Feb [1061/62][322]Marquis de Provence.  Bernard Comte et Marquis de Provence renounced allegiance to the empire by act dated 1081 and swore fealty to the papacy[323].  After his death the marquisate of Provence passed to Raymond IV Comte de Toulouse, as shown by the bull of Pope Urban II dated 22 Jul 1096 which confirmed the rights of the monastery of Saint-André near Avignon after its abandonment by "comes Nimirum Tholosanorum ac Ruthenensium et marchio Provintie Raimundus"[324], but the precise process by which this occurred has not yet been identified.  m (before Feb 1061) MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  "Bertrannus comes et mater mea Stephania…[et] conjux mea Matildis" donated property to Monmajour by charter dated to Feb [1061/62][325].  Comte Bertrand [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          CECILE (-1150).  The marriage contract between "Bertramnus comes…sua filia" and "Bernardum-Atonem" is dated 1083[326].  There is no indication that any of her children claimed succession to the county of Provence, which suggests that Cécile was junior to Gerberge, wife of Girbert Vicomte de Gévaudan, de Millau et de Carlat, whose descendants inherited the county.  It should be noted that Manteyer explains the exclusion of Cécile and her descendants by stating that “la coutume de Provence oubliait, au moment de la mort de leurs parents, les filles précédemment dotées par eux[327].  Unfortunately he cites no source on which he bases this statement nor any other examples which illustrate his argument.  "…Sisiliæ vicecomitissæ de Carcassona" subscribed the charter dated 22 Jun 1101 under which "Ermengardis Biterrensis vicecomitissa simul et Carcassonæ et filius meus Bernardus Ato pariter vicecomes" donated property to the abbey of la Grasse but her origin is not stated[328].  "Bernardus Ato vicecomes Biterrensis et Carcassensis" donated property to the abbey of la Grasse by charter dated 21 Mar 1108 subscribed by "Cecilie uxori eius, Rogerii filius eius"[329].  "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterri" names "filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" and "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes" in a document dated 20 Oct 1146[330].  "Trencavella filia Cæciliæ Biterrensis vicecomitissæ et…Geraldus filius eiusdem Trencavellæ" donated property to "sanctæ Mariæ Vallismagnæ et Petro abbati" by charter dated 1147, witnessed by “Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ Biterrensis, Trencavellæ eiusdem filiæ, Geraldi vicecomitis de Rossellon filius prædictæ Trencavellæ[331]m (1083) BERNARD ATON [IV] Comte de Carcassonne Vicomte de Nîmes, son of RAYMOND BERNARD "Trencavel" Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes & his wife Ermengarde de Carcassonne (-1129). 

b)         [--- de Provence.  Her parentage and marriage are shown in Europäische Stammtafeln but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  It is likely that the connection is speculative, presumably in an effort to explain how Raymond Comte de Toulouse later claimed the marquisate of Provence.  However, Raymond´s right could have been hereditary through his paternal grandmother, who was the sister of Guillaume [V] Comte et Marquis de Provence (see above).  The fact of Raymond´s first marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1066] under which "Raimundum comitem de Rutenis, filium Almodis" and "Guifredum archiepiscopum de Narbona, filium Guille comitissæ" confirmed an agreement, which was confirmed by "uxorem suam comitissam"[332].   The Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggests that she was Raymond´s first cousin, the daughter of his paternal uncle Bertrand, suggesting that Raymond naming his first son Bertrand would then have been consistent with the contemporary convention of using the name of one of the child´s grandfathers for the first-born son[333].   It is assumed that the marriage was terminated, maybe for consanguinity, which could explain the doubts expressed in some primary sources about the legitimacy of Raymond´s son Bertrand.  m (1066, repudiated before 1080) as his first wife, RAYMOND de Toulouse Comte de Saint-Gilles, son of PONS Comte de Toulouse & his third wife Almodis de La Marche (-castle of Mount Pèlerin near Tripoli, Palestine 28 Feb 1105).  He succeeded his brother in 1094 as RAYMOND IV Comte de Toulouse.] 

c)         [ETIENNETTE (-[1085]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  The possibility was proposed by Szabolcs de Vajay in 1962[334].  Edouard de Saint-Phalle highlighted in 2004 that the theory was never supported by any documentary evidence[335].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1084] under which her son "Bernardus Besaldunensis comes filius qui fui Stephaniæ" swore homage to "Aymerico vicecomiti Narbonæ filio qui fuisti Fidis"[336]m (after 1054) GUILLEM [II] "Trunus" Comte de Besalú i Ripoll, son of GUILLEM [I] Comte de Besalú & his wife Adelaide --- (-murdered [1066/70]).] 

 

 

The parentage of Gerberge Ctss de Provence has not been ascertained beyond doubt.  According to the Histoire Générale de Languedoc, she was the daughter of Geoffroy [I] Marquis et Comte de Provence[337].  This connection appears to be completely speculative, based on an idea first raised in 1664 by Honoré Bouche who, in his Histoire Chronologique de Provence a work which contains inaccuracies but does have the merit of quoting some primary sources, says over-optimistically “[je l]’estime fort vray-semblablement, par presomption et conjecture[338].  From a chronological point of view, this speculative parentage is unlikely to be correct.  The birth of Gerberge´s two daughters, probably dated to the late 1090s (her younger daughter Douce is called “puella” in the 3 Feb 1112 charter quoted below), suggests that Gerberge herself would have been born in [1070/80].  However, the marriage of Geoffroy [I] is dated to before 1040, Comte Geoffroy died in [1061/62], and the marriages of his other supposed children are dated to the early 1060s (see above).  Another difficulty is that, if Gerberge was the daughter of Geoffroy, the descendants of Cécile, daughter of Comte Bertrand [II] would have had a superior claim to Provence, although no evidence has been found that any such claim to the county was raised.  One possibility that would solve that problem is that Gerberge was born to an otherwise unrecorded older sibling of Cécile (brother or sister) who predeceased his/her father.  From a chronological point of view, the result is tight, but does not appear impossible.  A further factor is introduced by Manteyer who explains the exclusion of Cécile and her descendants by stating that “la coutume de Provence oubliait, au moment de la mort de leurs parents, les filles précédemment dotées par eux[339].  Unfortunately he cites no source on which he bases this statement.  However, the examples of Gerberge’s two daughters (discussed below) and of Beatrix, daughter of Comte Raymond Berenger IV, both provide other cases which fit the pattern.  If Manteyer is right, the best solution to the problem could be that Gerberge was the younger sister of Cécile.  From a chronological point of view, that would also appear to be the most likely possibility for Gerberge’s parentage. 

 

1.         GERBERGE ([1070/80]-[3 Feb 1112/Jan 1118])Ctss de Provence.  The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ records the death "circa 1110" of "Gilberto comite Provinciæ" and that he was survived by his widow "Tiburgia…comitissa" and "Dulcia unica filia"[340].  “Girberga comitissa” donated “comitatum...Provinciæ et Gavaldanensis et Carladensis et...honorem...in comitatu Rutenensi”, which came to her “voce parentum meorum et largitione viri mei Girberti comitis patris tui”, to “Dulciæ filiæ meæ” by charter dated 1 Feb 1112[341].  “Gerberga comitissa Arelatensis” granted “filiam meam in conjugium...Dulcem” to “Raymundo Berengarii comiti”, together with “omni honore meo et cum...honore qui fuit Girberti comitis patris puellæ”, by charter dated 3 Feb 1112[342]m GIRBERT Vicomte de Gévaudan, de Millau et de Carlat (part), son of BERENGER [II] Vicomte de Gévaudan et de Millau & his wife Adela Vicomtesse de Carlat (-[1110/Feb 1112]).] 

-        see below, Chapter 4.C

 

 

 

C.      COMTES de PROVENCE 1093-1113 (GEVAUDAN)

 

 

GERBERGE Ctss de Provence, daughter of --- ([1070/80]-[3 Feb 1112/Jan 1118]).  The doubts concerning the parentage of Gerberge are discussed above.  Ctss de Provence.  The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ records the death "circa 1110" of "Gilberto comite Provinciæ" and that he was survived by his widow "Tiburgia…comitissa" and "Dulcia unica filia"[343].  “Girberga comitissa” donated “comitatum...Provinciæ et Gavaldanensis et Carladensis et...honorem...in comitatu Rutenensi”, which came to her “voce parentum meorum et largitione viri mei Girberti comitis patris tui”, to “Dulciæ filiæ meæ” by charter dated 1 Feb 1112[344].  “Gerberga comitissa Arelatensis” granted “filiam meam in conjugium...Dulcem” to “Raymundo Berengarii comiti”, together with “omni honore meo et cum...honore qui fuit Girberti comitis patris puellæ”, by charter dated 3 Feb 1112[345]

m GIRBERT Vicomte de Gévaudan, de Millau et de Carlat (part), son of BERENGER [II] Vicomte de Gévaudan et de Millau & his wife Adela Vicomtesse de Carlat (-[1110/Feb 1112]).  “Berengarius vicecomes de Cartlato et uxor mea Adila et mater uxoris meæ Nobilis” founded Montsalvy monastery, with the consent of “filii nostri Ricardus, Girbertus, Raimundus”, by charter dated to [1060/71][346].  “Allebertus de Caniliaco” swore allegiance to “Berengario nec ad filios tuos Ricard et Girbert” for the château of Canillac and others by undated charter, probably dated to [1080/97][347].  "Gerberti vice comitis" subscribed the charter dated 1100 under which "Petrus Virgilius et frater meus Raimundus" donated "æcclesiam sancti Martini…Priscus…[et] mansum de Roqueta…" to Conques[348].  "...Richardi vicecomitis et fratris eius Girberti..." subscribed the charter dated 1103 under which "nobili...Guidone" donated property to Saint-Chaffre[349].  The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ records the death "circa 1110" of "Gilberto comite Provinciæ" who left a widow "Tiburgia…comitissa" and "Dulcia unica filia"[350].  It should be noted that no primary source has been identified in which Girbert is recorded as comte de Provence during his lifetime. 

Vicomte Girbert & his wife had two children: 

1.         ETIENNETTE de Gévaudan (-after 1160).  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 4 Aug 1145 under which Emperor Konrad III granted the right to mint coinage at Arles, Aix and at their château de Trinquetaille to Raymond de Baux and Etiennette his wife, and reconfirmed his possessions acquired since the death of his father Guillaume-Hugues and all the possessions of comte Girbert and comtesse Françoise Gerberge, parents of Etiennette[351].  Gaufridi says that Etiennette was her parents’ older daughter, basing this on the treaty dated 1150 ending a war between Provence and Baux disputing the succession to the county (known as “Les guerres baussenques”[352]), which reads that “Gisbertus pater suus et mater sua Gerisbergua eam (=Etiennette) maritaverant et hereditaverant[353].  This extract quoted by Gaufridi is insufficient to prove his point, although it does indicate that Etiennette was married before her father died and therefore before her sister Douce.  The complete document, as published by Bouche, is an undated manuscript note which provides background to the claims, records that “Stephania uxor...Raimundi de Baucio et filii sui” claimed “partem et hæreditatem in comitatu Provinciæ” from “Berengarium Raimundi comitem Provinciæ” who answered with the statement quoted by Gaufridi, but gives no other relevant details[354].  The idea is consistent with Manteyer’s comment, in relation to the exclusion of Cécile daughter of Bertrand [II] Comte de Provence and her descendants from succession to the county (see above), that “la coutume de Provence oubliait, au moment de la mort de leurs parents, les filles précédemment dotées par eux[355].  The claim to Provence, which resulted in Les guerres baussenques, only really makes sense if based on the seniority of the Baux line to the Barcelona line.  Boisson de la Salle (writing in 1820) proceeded on the assumption that Etiennette was the older daughter of Gerberge[356].  The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ incorrectly names "Berengarius primogenitus…Gilbertus secundo-natus qui fuit Comes Provinciæ, Raimundus tertio-natus, et Stephana qui fuit uxor Raimundi de Bauxio" as the children of "Raymundus-Berengarii vulgo Cap-De stoupes…dictus, Comes Barcinonæ in Catalonia" & his wife[357].  Raymond de Baux, his wife Etiennette and their son Hugues de Baux abandoned property rights in favour of the Knights Hospitallers of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated May 1121[358].  "Raimundus de Baucio…consilio…uxoris mee Stephanie et filiorum meorum" made a donation by charter dated 1143[359]m (before [1110/15]) RAYMOND de Baux Seigneur de Berre, son of GUILLAUME-HUGUES de Baux & his wife Vierne --- (-Barcelona 1150). 

2.         DOUCE [Dolça/Dulcia] de Gévaudan ([1095/1100]-[28 Nov 1127/1130]).  The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ records that "Gilberto comite Provinciæ" left his widow "Tiburgia…comitissa" and "Dulcia unica filia" and notes the latter's marriage to "Raymundus-Berengarii vulgo Cap-De stoupes…dictus, Comes Barcinonæ in Catalonia"[360].  Her parentage is confirmed by the Vita Sancti Ollegarii which names “Raymundum comitem Barchinonensem filium filiæ Roberti Guisardi principis Apuliæ” and “Dulcia comitissa Provinciæ uxor comitis[361].   “Girberga comitissa” donated “comitatum...Provinciæ et Gavaldanensis et Carladensis et...honorem...in comitatu Rutenensi”, which came to her “voce parentum meorum et largitione viri mei Girberti comitis patris tui”, to “Dulciæ filiæ meæ” by charter dated 1 Feb 1112[362]Ctss de Provence, Vicomtesse de Millau, de Gévaudan, et de Carlat (part).  Gerberga comitissa Arelatensis” granted “filiam meam in conjugium...Dulcem” to “Raymundo Berengarii comiti”, together with “omni honore meo et cum...honore qui fuit Girberti comitis patris puellæ”, by charter dated 3 Feb 1112[363].  “Dulcia Barchinonensis et Provinciæ comitissa” granted “totum meum honorem quem habeo vel habere debeo per paternam sive maternam hereditatem vel alio modo in Provincia et in Rutenensi comitatu” to “comiti Raymundo” by charter dated Jan 1113[364].  "Raymondi comes Barchinonensis, Dulciæ comitissæ uxoris eius, Raimundi et Berengarii filiorum suorum…" subscribed the charter dated [4/12] Feb 1114 under which "Bernardus Wilelmi…comes Ceritaniensis" donated property to the abbey of la Grasse[365].  "Dultie comitisse" signed a charter of "domni Raimundi…comitis et marchionis Burchinone et Provintie" dated 7 Mar 1125[366]m (3 Feb 1112) as his third wife, RAMÓN BERENGUER III Conde de Barcelona, son of RAMÓN BERENGUER II "Cap d'Estopes" Conde de Barcelona & his wife Mathilde di Apulia (11 Nov 1082-19 Jul 1131).  He succeeded in 1113 as Comte de Provence

-        see below, Chapter 5.  COMTES de PROVENCE 1113-1246 (BARCELONA)

 

 

 

D.      COMTES de PROVENCE 1113-1246 (BARCELONA)

 

 

DOUCE [Dolça/Dulcia] de Provence [Gevaudan], daughter of GIRBERT Vicomte de Gévaudan et de Milhaud & his wife Gerberge Ctss de Provence ([1095/1100]-[28 Nov 1127/1130]).  The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ records that "Gilberto comite Provinciæ" left his widow "Tiburgia…comitissa" and "Dulcia unica filia" and notes the latter's marriage to "Raymundus-Berengarii vulgo Cap-De stoupes…dictus, Comes Barcinonæ in Catalonia"[367].  Her parentage is confirmed by the Vita Sancti Ollegarii which names “Raymundum comitem Barchinonensem filium filiæ Roberti Guisardi principis Apuliæ” and “Dulcia comitissa Provinciæ uxor comitis[368].   “Girberga comitissa” donated “comitatum...Provinciæ et Gavaldanensis et Carladensis et...honorem...in comitatu Rutenensi”, which came to her “voce parentum meorum et largitione viri mei Girberti comitis patris tui”, to “Dulciæ filiæ meæ” by charter dated 1 Feb 1112[369]Ctss de Provence, Vicomtesse de Millau, de Gévaudan, et de Carlat (part).  Gerberga comitissa Arelatensis” granted “filiam meam in conjugium...Dulcem” to “Raymundo Berengarii comiti”, together with “omni honore meo et cum...honore qui fuit Girberti comitis patris puellæ”, by charter dated 3 Feb 1112[370].  “Dulcia Barchinonensis et Provinciæ comitissa” granted “totum meum honorem quem habeo vel habere debeo per paternam sive maternam hereditatem vel alio modo in Provincia et in Rutenensi comitatu” to “comiti Raymundo” by charter dated Jan 1113[371].  "Raymondi comes Barchinonensis, Dulciæ comitissæ uxoris eius, Raimundi et Berengarii filiorum suorum…" subscribed the charter dated [4/12] Feb 1114 under which "Bernardus Wilelmi…comes Ceritaniensis" donated property to the abbey of la Grasse[372].  "Dultie comitisse" signed a charter of "domni Raimundi…comitis et marchionis Burchinone et Provintie" dated 7 Mar 1125[373]

m (3 Feb 1112) as his third wife, RAMÓN BERENGUER III Conde de Barcelona, son of RAMÓN BERENGUER II "Cap d'Estopes" Conde de Barcelona & his wife Mathilde di Apulia (11 Nov 1082-19 Jul 1131).  He succeeded in 1113 as RAYMOND BERENGER I Comte de Provence, by right of his wife.  Ramón Berenguer III agreed a partition of the county of Provence with Alphonse Comte de Toulouse by charter dated 1125[374]

Ctss Dulce I & her husband had seven children:

1.         RAMÓN BERENGUER de Barcelona (1113-San Dalmacio near Turin 6 Aug 1162, bur Monastery of Ripoll).  The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ names "Berengarius primogenitus…Gilbertus secundo-natus qui fuit Comes Provinciæ, Raimundus tertio-natus, et Stephana qui fuit uxor Raimundi de Bauxio" as the children of "Raymundus-Berengarii vulgo Cap-De stoupes…dictus, Comes Barcinonæ in Catalonia" & his wife[375].  "Raymondi comes Barchinonensis, Dulciæ comitissæ uxoris eius, Raimundi et Berengarii filiorum suorum…" subscribed the charter dated [4/12] Feb 1114 under which "Bernardus Wilelmi…comes Ceritaniensis" donated property to the abbey of la Grasse[376].  He succeeded his father in 1131 as RAMÓN BERENGUER IV Count of Barcelona, Cerdanya, Besalú, Gerona and Osona. 

-        see below

2.         BERENGUER RAMÓN de Barcelona ([1114]-murdered Melgueil Mar 1144)The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ names "Berengarius primogenitus…Gilbertus secundo-natus qui fuit Comes Provinciæ, Raimundus tertio-natus, et Stephana qui fuit uxor Raimundi de Bauxio" as the children of "Raymundus-Berengarii vulgo Cap-De stoupes…dictus, Comes Barcinonæ in Catalonia" & his wife[377].  "Raymondi comes Barchinonensis, Dulciæ comitissæ uxoris eius, Raimundi et Berengarii filiorum suorum…" subscribed the charter dated [4/12] Feb 1114 under which "Bernardus Wilelmi…comes Ceritaniensis" donated property to the abbey of la Grasse[378], which must place the birth of Berenguer Ramón in late 1113 or early 1114, assuming that the charter is correctly dated.  He succeeded his father in 1131 as BERENGER RAYMOND I Comte de Provence, Vicomte de Rodez, de Gévaudan et de Carladet.  The Gestis Comitum Barcinonensium records that "fratre suo [=Raimundi Berengarii quarti] Berengario-Raimundi Provinciæ Comite" who ruled the county of Provence was killed by pirates "in portu Malguriensi"[379].  The Annals of Caffaro record that "comes Milgorii, frater comitis Barcilonie" attacked Genoa and was killed "a quodam balistario galee", dated to [1143/44] from the context[380]m (betrothed 1132, before 1135) as her first husband, BEATRIX Ctss de Melgueil, daughter of BERNARD [IV] RAYMOND Comte de Melgueil & his wife Guillemette de Montpellier ([1124]-after 1190).  Alphonse Comte de Toulouse and Guillaume [V] Seigneur de Montpellier agreed terms relating to the county of Melgueil by charter dated 1132, agreeing that they would agree the marriage of “filia Bernardi Melgoriensis comitis” in six years time[381].  Berenger Raymond Comte de Provence and Guillaume [V] Seigneur de Montpellier agreed terms relating to the marriage of “Beatrix filia sororis tuæ Guillelmæ”, provided that, if Beatrix died under the age of 12, Berenger Raymond would marry “filiam tuam[382].  Under a charter dated 1135 “Berengarius.Raimundi filius Dulciæ comes Melgoriensis et marchio Provinciæ et…Beatrix filia Guillelmæ” agreed to pay a debt owed by "Bernardus comes pater Beatricis" to "Guillelmo Montispessulani filio Ermessendis" relating to the county of Melgueil[383].  She married secondly Bernard Pelet d'Alais, who succeeded as Comte de Melgueil by right of his wife.  Her second marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Mar [1145/46] under which "Beatrix Melgoriensis comitissa filia Guillelme et Bernardi, felicis memorie comitis Mergoriensis" and "Bernardus Peleti comes maritus hujus Beatricis" recognised obligations to "Guillelmo Montispessulani filio Ermessendis" previously agreed by "Bernardus comes, pater mei Beatricis"[384].  Comte Bérenger Raymond & his wife had one child: 

a)         RAYMOND BERENGER de Provence ([1140]-murdered Nice 1166).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1 Apr 1172 under which "Beatrix comitissa Melgorii" divided the county of Melgueil between "filie mee Ermessende" and "Dulcie neptis mee, filie quondam filii mei Raimundi comitis Provincie"[385].  He succeeded his father 1144 as RAYMOND BERENGER II Comte de Provence, Vicomte de Rodez, de Gévaudan et de Carladet.  He was invested as Comte de Melgueil: "Raimundus comes Barcilonensis princeps Aragonensis Provincie marchio...cum nepote meo R. Berengerii comite Melgoriensi atque Provincie necnon et Amiliavense" granted duty exemptions "in villa Amiliavi quam in ipso ponte" to the abbey of Sylvanès by charter dated Apt 1156[386]The Annales Sancti Victoris Massilienses name "Raimundus comes Provincie nepos…domni comitis Barchinonensis [=Raimundi]" when recording his death in 1166[387].  The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ records that "Raymundus" was killed during the siege of Nice[388]m (after 1162) as her second husband, RYKSA of Silesia, widow of don ALFONSO VII "el Emperador" King of Castile and León, daughter of WŁADYSŁAW II “Wygnaniec/the Exile” Prince of Krakow and Silesia & his wife Agnes of Austria [Babenberg] ([1130/40]-16 Jun [1185]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and her three marriages has not yet been identified.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Rikissam" as the only daughter of "dux Vergescelaus de Polonia" and his wife Agnes, specifying that "primo fuit regina Suecie", that by her second husband "regi Russie nomine Musuch" she was mother of "Sophiam reginam Dacie et Rikissam", the latter marrying "imperatoris Castelle Alfunso"[389], which contradicts other sources in many aspects.  The Gestis Comitum Barcinonensium records that "Raimundo-Berengarii…filio…Berengarii-Raimundi Comitis Provinciæ" married "neptem Imperatoris Alamanniæ"[390].  She was known as RIQUILDA in Spain[391].  She married thirdly (after 1166) [as his first wife,] Albert [III] Graf von Everstein.  Comte Raymond Bérenger & his wife had one child: 

i)          DOUCE [Dolça/Dulce] de Provence (after 1162-[1 Apr/12 Dec] 1172)Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1 Apr 1172 under which "Beatrix comitissa Melgorii" divided the county of Melgueil between "filie mee Ermessende" and "Dulcie neptis mee, filie quondam filii mei Raimundi comitis Provincie", which also records the betrothal between Dulcie and "Raimundo, duci Narbone, comiti Tolose, marchioni Provincie…filio"[392].  However, Beatrix made a second donation dated 12 Dec 1172 to Ermessende only, who was by then married to Raymond de Toulouse[393].  She succeeded her father in 1166 as Ctss de ProvenceBetrothed (early 1172) to RAYMOND de Toulouse, son of RAYMOND V Comte de Toulouse & his wife Constance de France (27 Oct 1156-Toulouse 2 Aug 1222).  He succeeded his father in 1194 as RAYMOND VI Comte de Toulouse, Duc de Narbonne, Marquis de Provence. 

3.         other children: see BARCELONA

 

 

RAMÓN BERENGUER de Barcelona, son of RAMÓN BERENGUER III "el Grande" Conde de Barcelona & his third wife Dulce de Gevaudan Ctss de Provence (1113-San Dalmacio near Turin 6 Aug 1162, bur Monastery of Ripoll)"Raymondi comes Barchinonensis, Dulciæ comitissæ uxoris eius, Raimundi et Berengarii filiorum suorum…" subscribed the charter dated [4/12] Feb 1114 under which "Bernardus Wilelmi…comes Ceritaniensis" donated property to the abbey of la Grasse[394].  He succeeded his father in 1131 as RAMÓN BERENGUER IV Count of Barcelona, Cerdanya, Besalú, Gerona and Osona. 

m (11 Aug 1137, confirmed 1151) Infanta doña PETRONILA de Aragón, daughter of RAMIRO II “el Monje” King of Aragon and Navarre & his wife Agnès [Mathilde] d’Aquitaine ([1136]-Barcelona 17 Oct 1174).  The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ records the marriage of "Berengarius primogenitus filius…" of "Raymundus-Berengarii vulgo Cap-De stoupes…dictus, Comes Barcinonæ in Catalonia" & his wife and "Petronillæ filiæ Ranemiri primo monachi…Aragonum regis"[395]

Conde Ramón Berenguer & Queen Petronilla had five children:

1.         other children: see ARAGON

2.         Infante don RAMÓN de Aragón (Villamayor del Valle, Huesca 1/25 Mar 1157-Perpignan 25 Apr 1195, bur Poblet, monastery of Nuestra Señora)The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded his father in 1162 as RAMÓN Conde de Barcelona.  He succeeded his mother 1174 as ALFONSO II “el Casto” King of Aragon.  He succeeded his brother in 1185 as ALPHONSE I Comte de Provence (declaring himself Marquis de Provence), appointing Roger Bernard Comte de Foix as procurator. 

-        see below

3.         Infante don PEDRO de Aragón ([1158]-murdered Montpellier 5 Apr 1181, bur Melgueil).  The "Corónicas" Navarras name (in order) "don Pedro…el rey don Alfonso, que ovo nombre Remón Belenguer et el conte don Pedro de Provença et el conte don Sancho et a la muller del rey don Sancho de Portugal" as the children of the "conte de Barçalona…en esta su muller [dona Peyronela]", stating that the first named Pedro died in Huesca[396].  The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ names "Raymundum filium…secundo-genitum" as son of "Berengarius comes Barchinonæ et Provinciæ, maritus Petronillæ", recording that he succeeded as Comte de Provence[397].  Conde de Cerdagne/Cerdaña.  He succeeded his cousin in 1166 as RAYMOND BERENGER III Comte de Provence.  The Annales Sancti Victoris Massilienses record that "Raimundus Berengarius comes et marchio Provintie, frater Ildefonsi Aragonensis Regis et comitis Barduinonsis" was killed "1181 in die sancto pasche"[398].  The Gestis Comitum Barcinonensium records the death in 1181 of "Raimundo-Berengarii fratri suo [=Ildefonsi]" and his burial "in Magalonensi sede"[399][400]Betrothed ([1176/78], broken 1178) EVDOKIA Komnene, daughter of --- ([1160/64]-[Nov 1202/Jun 1204]).  The parentage of Evdokia is not known.  According to Sturdza[401], she was the daughter of Alexios Komnenos, son of sébastocrator Andronikos Komnenos (older brother of Emperor Manuel I) but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  Barzos suggests[402] that she was the daughter of Isaakios Komnenos, son of Emperor Ioannes II, writing that "if Eudokia [K. 143, according to his numbering] were not the daughter of Isaakios [K. 78], then she would be a daughter of Ioannes [K. 128] [son of Andronikos Komnenos sébastocrator]"[403].  The Histoire de Montpellier recounts that Evdokia travelled to Europe to marry Alfonso II King of Aragon, but found that he was already married when she arrived, and that she and her retinue waited for instructions from the emperor at Montpellier, where Guillaume [VII] proposed marriage to her[404].  The Annales Pisani (probably written [1182]) records that "l'Imperatore Emanuel" sent his envoys to arrange the betrothal of "una sua nepote…al fratello del Re di Aragona" (Raymond Bérenger III Comte de Provence), the projected marriage aimed at thwarting the influence of the Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" through an alliance with Emperor Manuel I, but the betrothal was terminated by Emperor Friedrich as suzerain over the Comté de Provence, the emperor proposing "Goglielmo di Mompellieri" [Guillaume [VIII]] as a suitable alternative[405].  She became a Benedictine nun at Aniane.  She married ([1178/79], divorced Apr 1187) as his first wife, Guillaume [VIII] Seigneur de Montpellier

4.         Infante don SANCHO de Aragón ([1161]-1226).  The "Corónicas" Navarras name (in order) "don Pedro…el rey don Alfonso, que ovo nombre Remón Belenguer et el conte don Pedro de Provença et el conte don Sancho et a la muller del rey don Sancho de Portugal" as the children of the "conte de Barçalona…en esta su muller [dona Peyronela]", stating that the first named Pedro died in Huesca[406]The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ names "Sanxium…filium tertio-genitum" as son of "Berengarius comes Barchinonæ et Provinciæ, maritus Petronillæ", recording that he succeeded his brother as Comte de Provence[407].  He succeeded in 1167 as Comte de Roussillon et de Cerdagne/Cerdaña.  He succeeded his brother in 1181 as SANCHO Comte de Provence, but was deprived in 1185.  He was Regent and Procurator General of Aragon 1214 until 1218, when he resigned. 

-        KINGS of ARAGON

 

 

Infante don RAMÓN de Aragón, son of RAMÓN BERENGUER IV Conde de Barcelona & his wife Petronila Queen of Aragon (Villamayor del Valle, Huesca 1/25 Mar 1157-Perpignan 25 Apr 1195, bur Poblet, monastery of Nuestra Señora)The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded his father in 1162 as RAMÓN Conde de Barcelona.  He succeeded his mother in 1174 as ALFONSO II “el Casto” King of Aragon.  He succeeded his brother in 1185 as ALPHONSE I Comte de Provence (declaring himself Marquis de Provence), appointing Roger Bernard Comte de Foix as procurator.  The Gestis Comitum Barcinonensium records the death in 1196 of "Ildefonsus" and his burial "in Monasterio Populeti" which he had founded[408]

m (Zaragoza 18 Jan 1174) Infanta doña SANCHA de Castilla, daughter of don ALFONSO VII "el Emperador" King of Castile and León & his second wife Ryksa of Poland (1155-Monastery of Sijena 9 Nov 1208).  She founded the Hospitaller priory of nuns of Nuestra Señora at San Juan de Sijena in 1188, and became a nun there herself in 1197. 

King Alfonso II & his wife had nine children:

1.         other children, see ARAGON

2.         Infante don ALFONSO BERENGUER de Aragón ([1180]-Palermo Feb 1209).  The "Corónicas" Navarras name "al yfant don Pedro, rey d'Aragón, et al marqués de Provença don Alfonso, et a don Ferrando, abbat de Mont aragón, et una filla que casaron en Ongría" as the children of "el rey don Alfonso d'Aragón" and his wife[409]The Gestis Comitum Barcinonensium names "Petrus…Alfonsus" as the oldest two of the three sons of "Ildefonsi", specifying that Alfonso succeeded his father in "Ducatum Provinciæ"[410].  The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña names "Pedro…Alfonso…y Fernando" as the three sons of King Alfonso II[411].  "Ildefonsus…comes et marchio Provincie filius Ildefonsi…quondam Regis Aragonie, comitis Barchinonie et marchionis Provincie" made donations to the church of Aix dated May 1199[412].  He succeeded his father in 1195 as ALPHONSE II Comte de Provence, Millau & Razès.  m (Aix-en-Provence Jul 1193) GERSENDE de Sabran Ctss de Forcalquier, daughter of RAINON [I] de Sabran Sire du Caylar et d’Ansouis & his wife Gersende Ctss de Forcalquier [Barcelona-Urgel].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the wife of "Sanctio [frater rege Petro de Arragonum" [presumably an error for "Alfonso"] as "neptem…comitis de Forcalcarie"[413]Rodrigo of Toledo´s De rebus Hispaniæ records that "Aldefonso" married "neptem comitis Folocalquerii"[414].  A Brevis historia comitum Provinciæ records that "Idelfonsus...comes Provinciæ" married "Gersendem neptem comitis Folocalquerii"[415]The primary source which confirms her precise parentage has not yet been identified.  This marriage reunited two of the rival branches of the family of the earlier comtes de Provence, extinct in the male line in the late 11th century (see Part B above).  Nun at Celle 1222.  Alphonse II & his wife had two children: 

a)         RAYMOND BERENGER de Provence ([1198]-Aix 19 Aug 1245, bur Aix-en-Provence, église de Saint Jean de Jérusalem).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded his father in 1209 as RAIMOND BERENGER IV Comte de Provence.   

-        see below

b)         GERSENDE de Provence.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m GUILLAUME [II] Vicomte de Béarn et d’Oloron, son of GUILLAUME [I] Vicomte de Béarn [Moncada] & his wife Guilleuma de Castellvell ([1185]-1229). 

 

 

RAYMOND BERENGER de Provence, son of ALPHONSE II Comte de Provence [Aragon-Barcelona] & his wife Gersende de Sabran Ctss de Forcalquier ([1198]-Aix 19 Aug 1245, bur Aix-en-Provence, église de Saint Jean de Jérusalem).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded his father in 1209 as RAYMOND BERENGER IV Comte de Provence et de Forcalquier.  Under his testament dated 20 Jun 1238, he designated his fourth daughter as his heir[416].  The testament of “R. Berengarius…comes et marchio Provincie et comes Forcalquerii”, dated 20 Jun 1238, names “Margaritam filiam nostrum…reginam Francie…Elionors filiam nostrum…reginam Anglie…Sanciam filiam nostram” and appoints “Beatricem filiam nostrum heredem generalem[417].  The Annales Sancti Victoris Massilienses record the death "1245 XIV Kal Sep" of "Raimundus Berengarius comes Provincie" at Aix[418].  The Obituaire of Forcalquier St Mary records the death "XIV Kal Sep" of "Raymundus Berengarii…comes Provincie et Forcalquerii"[419]The Thalamus de Montpellier records the death Aug 1244 of "R. Berenguier coms de Proensa" at Aix[420]

m (Betrothed 5 Jun 1219, Dec 1220) BEATRIX de Savoie, daughter of THOMAS I Comte de Savoie & his wife Marguerite [Beatrix] de Genève ([1205][421]-Dec 1266 or 4 Jan 1267).  Matthew of Paris names her as daughter of "comitis Sabaldiæ Thomæ iam mortui, sororem comitis Sabaldiæ adhuc viventis Amidei", when he records the marriage of her daughter to Henry III King of England[422].  The contract of marriage between "Thomas…comes Sabaldie et marchio in Ytalia…filia sua" and "Raimundi Berengarii…comitis Provinciæ et Forcalquerii" is dated 5 Jun 1219, and names "A. et V. filii Thomæ comitis et A. cometissa uxor eius" as guarantors[423].  She transformed the court at Aix into one of the most celebrated in Europe.  After quarrelling with her son-in-law Charles Comte d'Anjou over the usufruct of the county of Provence she retired to Echelles in Savoy[424].  The marriage of her daughter Eléonore with Henry III King of England in 1236 signalled the establishment of close ties between the English court and the house of Savoy, the foreign immigrants becoming increasingly unpopular in England and contributing to the difficulties experienced by the king with his barons.  The testament of "Beatricis relictæ Raimundi Berengarii comitis Provinciæ", dated 14 Jan 1264, confirms her previous testaments appointing "Reginarum filiarum suarum Margarethæ Franciæ et Alienoræ Angliæ, fratrum suorum Bonifacii archiepiscopi Cantuar. et Petri comitis Sabaudiæ" as her heirs, chooses burial "in hospitali Scalarum", and adds bequests to "Philippo electo Lugdun. fratri suo altero…Agneti comitissæ Sabaudiæ dominiæ Fuciniaci, Cæciliæ relictæ Amedei Sabaudiæ comitis, Beatrici relictæ Thomæ de Sabaudia comitis...Contissoni…Eleonoræ aliæ filiæ Thomæ comitis…Contissoni dominæ Medullionis nepti suæ…Margarithæ matri marchionis Montisferrati nepti suæ, Rodulpho archiepiscopo Tarantas, A. episcopo de Dyone consanguineo testatricis, Petro episcopo Hereford…filiabus Rodolphi et Henrici de Gebennis, et filiæ domini de Camera" as well as numerous bequests to religious institutions, orders "Contissona filia Amedei comitis…Eleonoræ filiæ Thomæ fratris sui" to fulfil religious bequests, and appoints "Johannem archiepiscopum Viennensem et Rodulphum Tarantasiensem, Philippum electum Lugdun. fratrem suum, episcopum Gratianopolitanum, Humbertum abbatem Altacumbæ et Stephanum archidiaconum Cantaruensium" as her executors[425].  A second testament of "Beatrix relicta…Dom. Reymundi Berengarii comitis provinciæ", dated 22 Feb 1264, chooses burial "in ecclesia Hospitalis S. Joannis Hierosolymitani", adds bequests to "Thomam Amedeum et Ludovicum filios quondam Dom. Thome fratris mei…Alienore filie predicti comitis Thome…filie Contissone de Medullione…filie domini de Camera…Beringarie filie Dom. Benedicti de Castellione…Beatrice Andegavie comitisse"[426].  The testament of "Bonifacius archiepiscopus Cantuarensis", dated 11 Oct 1264, made bequests to "sorori suæ comitissæ Provinciæ…sorori suæ alteræ comitissæ de Quiborc…"[427].  A second necrology of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne records the death "II Non Jan" of "vidua dna comitssa Provincie"[428]

Comte Raymond Bérenger IV & his wife had five children:

1.         MARGUERITE de Provence (St Maime near Forcalquier Spring 1221-Paris, Abbaye de St Marcel 21 Dec 1295, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  The Vincentii Bellovacensis Memoriale Omnium Temporum records the marriage in 1233 of King Louis IX and "comitis Provincie filiam…Margaretam"[429].  "R Berengarii…comes et marchio Provincie et comes Folcalquerii" made arrangements for the dowry of "filie nostre Margarite" by charter dated 17 May 1234[430].  She was consecrated Queen 28 May 1234, Cathedral of St Etienne, Sens. The testament of “R. Berengarius…comes et marchio Provincie et comes Forcalquerii”, dated 20 Jun 1238, names “Margaritam filiam nostrum…reginam Francie…Elionors filiam nostrum…reginam Anglie…Sanciam filiam nostram” and appoints “Beatricem filiam nostrum heredem generalem[431].  After disputing the succession of her youngest sister Béatrice to the county of Provence, she renounced her rights in 1287 and received Beaufort and Baugé.  The testament of "Beatricis relictæ Raimundi Berengarii comitis Provinciæ", dated 14 Jan 1264, confirms her previous testaments appointing "Reginarum filiarum suarum Margarethæ Franciæ et Alienoræ Angliæ…" as her heirs[432]The Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis records the death in Paris in 1295 of "regina Franciæ Margareta" and her burial "in ecclesia sancti Dionysii in Francia juxta regem sanctissimum Ludovicum conjugem suum", adding that she had retired to "Parisius apud sanctum Marcellum cœnobium sororum minorum"[433]m (Cathedral of St Etienne, Sens, Yonne 27 May 1234) LOUIS IX King of France, son of LOUIS VIII King of France & Infanta doña Blanca de Castilla (Château de Poissy, Yvelines 25 Apr 1214-killed in battle Tunis 25 Aug 1270, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). 

2.         ELEONORE de Provence (Aix-en-Provence [1223]-Amesbury Abbey, Wiltshire 24/25 Jun 1291, bur Amesbury Abbey).  A charter dated 22 Jun 1235 records the marriage agreement between "Henricus III Angliæ Rex" and "Amedeo IV Sab. Com. ac Willelmo electo Valentino fratribus…nepte, sororis illorum, comitissæ Provinciæ, filia"[434].  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the marriage "Id Jan" [1236] in Canterbury of King Henry III and "Alienoram filiam comitis Proventiæ" and their joint coronation in London "XIII Kal Feb"[435].  Her marriage is recorded by Matthew Paris, who also states her parentage[436].  She was crowned Queen Consort 19/20 Jan 1236 at Westminster Abbey.  Her marriage signalled the establishment of close ties between the English court and the house of Savoy, the foreign immigrants becoming increasingly unpopular in England and contributing to the difficulties experienced by King Henry III with his barons.  The testament of “R. Berengarius…comes et marchio Provincie et comes Forcalquerii”, dated 20 Jun 1238, names “Margaritam filiam nostrum…reginam Francie…Elionors filiam nostrum…reginam Anglie…Sanciam filiam nostram” and appoints “Beatricem filiam nostrum heredem generalem[437].  The testament of "Beatricis relictæ Raimundi Berengarii comitis Provinciæ", dated 14 Jan 1264, confirms her previous testaments appointing "Reginarum filiarum suarum Margarethæ Franciæ et Alienoræ Angliæ…" as her heirs[438].  She became a nun at Amesbury Abbey, Wiltshire 7 Jul 1284.  The Annales Londonienses record the death "in crastino Sancti Johannis Baptistæ" in 1291 of "Elianora mater regis Edwardi" and her burial "apud Ambresbury in festo nativitate beatæ Virginis"[439]m (Betrothed 22 Jun 1235, Canterbury 14 Jan 1236) HENRY III King of England, son of JOHN King of England & Isabelle d’Angoulême (Winchester Castle 1 Oct 1207-Palace of Westminster 16 Nov 1272, bur Westminster Abbey). 

3.         SANCHA de Provence (Aix-en-Provence [1225]-Berkhamstead Castle, Buckinghamshire 5 or 9 Nov 1261, bur Hayles Abbey, Gloucestershire).  The testament of “R. Berengarius…comes et marchio Provincie et comes Forcalquerii”, dated 20 Jun 1238, names “Margaritam filiam nostrum…reginam Francie…Elionors filiam nostrum…reginam Anglie…Sanciam filiam nostram” and appoints “Beatricem filiam nostrum heredem generalem[440].  A charter dated Jun 1240 records the episcopal annulment of the betrothal of "Guigonem Dalphinum Viennæ et Albonis" and "filiam comitis Provinciæ" because of his prior commitment to marry "filia Barralis domini de Baucio"[441].  It is assumed that this betrothal relates to Sancha, because her two older sisters were married at that date and her younger sister probably too young to have been betrothed.  A charter dated 11 Aug 1241 records the marriage contract between "R comitis Tolosæ" and "Sanciam filiam…R Berengarii Comitis Provinciæ…et…Beatrix Comitissa"[442].   "Petrus de Sabaudia" acted as proxy for the marriage of "Richardo comite Cornubie" and "Sanccie filie…Raimundi Berengarii comitis provincie", recorded in a charter dated 17 Jul 1242[443].  Her marriage is recorded by Matthew of Paris, who also confirms her parentage[444].  The Annales Halesiensibus record the death "1261 V Id Nov…apud Berhamstede" of "Sanchia regina Alemannie" and her burial "apud Heiles"[445].  The Annals of Osney record the death “die Mercurii proximo ante festum beati Martini apud Berchamstede” in 1261 of “Schenchia regina Alemanniæ, soror Elianoræ reginæ Angliæ” and her burial “ad domum de Hayles[446]Betrothed (contract before Jun 1240, annulled Jun 1240) to GUIGUES Dauphin de Viennois Comte d'Albon, son of ANDRE Comte d´Albon [Bourgogne-Capet] & his third wife Beatrice di Monferrato ([1225]-[Aug/Nov] 1269, bur Chartreuse Abbaye de Prémol).  Betrothed (Aug 1241) to RAYMOND VII Comte de Toulouse, son of RAYMOND VI Comte de Toulouse & his third wife Joan of England (Beaucaire, Gard Jul 1197-Millau, Aveyron 27 Sep 1249, bur Fontevraud).  m (Contract 17 Jul 1242, Westminster 22 Nov 1243) as his second wife, RICHARD Earl of Cornwall, son of JOHN King of England & Isabelle d’Angoulême (Winchester Castle 5 Jan 1209-Berkhamstead Castle, Herts 2 Apr 1272, bur Hayles Abbey, Gloucestershire).  Elected King of Germany and King of the Romans 13 Jan 1257, crowned 17 May 1257 at Aachen Cathedral. 

4.         RAYMOND de Provence (-young).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

5.         BEATRICE de Provence (1234-Naples 23 Sep 1267, bur Naples, Cathedral of San Gennaro, transferred 1277 to Aix-en-Provence, Church of St Jean de Jerusalem).  The testament of “R. Berengarius…comes et marchio Provincie et comes Forcalquerii”, dated 20 Jun 1238, names “Margaritam filiam nostrum…reginam Francie…Elionors filiam nostrum…reginam Anglie…Sanciam filiam nostram” and appoints “Beatricem filiam nostrum heredem generalem[447].  She succeeded in 1245 as BEATRICE Ctss de Provence, in accordance with the testament of her father.  The Annales Sancti Victoris Massilienses record the marriage "1246 mense Ian pridie Kal Feb" of "Karolus comes, frater Lodovici Francorum regis" and "Beatrice filia comitis Provincie Raimundi Berengarii bone memorie"[448].  A second testament of "Beatrix relicta…Dom. Reymundi Berengarii comitis provinciæ", dated 22 Feb 1264, adds bequests to "…Beatrice Andegavie comitisse"[449].  The testament of "Beatrix…Regina Sicilie, Ducatus Apuliæ et Principatus Capuæ, Andegavensis, Provinciæ et Forcalquerii Comitissa" is dated "die Mercurii in crastino Beatorum Peteri et Pauli Apostolorum" in 1266, with bequests to "filium nostrum Philippum…Domini Caroli…Regis Siciliæ…mariti nostri…filiam nostram Blancham maritatam Roberto Flandrensi…Carolus filius noster primogenitus…Beatricem filiam nostram…Isabellim filiam nostram…" and naming "bonæ memoriæ Domini Raimundi Berengarii quondam patris nostri"[450].  The Istoria of Saba Malaspina records the death of "regina" in Naples, dated to 1267 from the context[451]m (Aix-en-Provence 31 Jan 1246) as his first wife, CHARLES de France Comte d'Anjou et de Maine, son of LOUIS VIII King of France & Infanta doña Blanca de Castilla (posthumously [21] Mar 1226/7-Foggia 7 Jan 1285, bur Naples, Cathedral of San Gennaro).  Marquis de Provence and Comte de Forcalquier 1246, by right of his wife.  Created Comte d'Anjou et du Maine Aug 1246 by his brother King Louis IX.  He was invested as CHARLES I King of Sicily at Rome 28 Jun 1265, confirmed by Pope Clement IV 4 Nov, crowned at St Peter’s Rome 6 Jan 1266. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    AIX

 

 

 

A.      SEIGNEURS d'AIX

 

 

1.         HUGUES d'Aix (-Sep 1211 or after)Seigneur d'Aix.  He retired to the Benedictine priory of Saint-Marcel de Die where he became a canon.  m (before 1176) ROAIS de Die, daughter of ISOARD [II] Comte de Die & his wife --- (-[1198]).  Heiress of the baronnie of Châtillon in Diois.  "Roais uxor Hugonis d'Ais filia Isoardi comitis" confirmed her father's donations to Durbon by charter dated 1176, which also names "frater meus Petrus Isoardi"[452].  Hugues & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUILLAUME ARTAUD d'Aix (-end 1239).  "Guillelmus Artaldi et Guigo Artaldi" on the advice of "patris nostri Hugonis d'Ais" confirmed various donations to Durbon by charter dated 1191, which also names "avo nostro Ysoardo et avunculo nostro Petero Ysoardo et matre nostra Roais"[453]Seigneur d'Aix.  "W Artaudi…et nepoti meo Hugoni Artaudi" recognised the rights of the Chartreux over certain territories by charter dated 21 Oct 1205, which also names "filius meus Ysoardus"[454]m (before 1179) RAYMONDE d'Aix, daughter of HUGUES d'Aix & his wife Amalburge --- (-1239 after 21 Feb).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1178 which records a donation to Léoncel by her maternal grandmother "Aelmos uxor quondam Chatberti", and names "Amalburgis…predicte domine Aelmos filia…cum viro suo Hugone d´Ais…Chatbertus filius eiusdem Amalbergis…Rainauda filia predicte…Amalburgis et maritus eius Villelmus Artaudi"[455].  Two other charters in the same cartulary record donations by the same family: "Aelmudis et Chatberta filia eius" donated property by charter dated 1194, and "Aalmudis, Castri Duplicis [Châteaudouble] domina" for the souls of "Chatberto viro meo et filia mea Malberion", with the consent of "filii mei Arnaudi de Crest", by charter dated 1198[456].  Guillaume Artaud & his wife had three children: 

i)          ISOARD d'Aix (-after 11 Nov 1261).  "W Artaudi" made donations to Durbon by charter dated 20 Mar 1230, which also names "filius meus Petrus Ysoardi…et filius meus Ysoardus"[457]Seigneur d'Aix.  He inherited the baronnie de Châtillon on the death of his father.  "Isoard d'Aix Seigneur de Châtillon" granted the "châteaux de Châtillon, Ravel, Mensac, Treschenu…" to "Raymond de Baux I son gendre", appointing "son petit-fils Guillaume de Baux, fils de Raymond et de Malberjone sa fille" in case of invalidity of the grant, by charter dated 16 Aug 1246[458].  The result of this grant was the disinheritance of Isoard's son Raymond, the nomination of the substitute grantee presumably recognising the possibility that the intended grant may have been challenged by Raymond d'Aix on the grounds that it favoured a non-blood relative.  m DRAGONETTE de Montauban, daughter of DRAGONET de Montauban & his wife [Vierne de Baladun].  "Isoard d'Aix Seigneur de Châtillon et Dragonette son épouse" granted dowry to "Malberjone leur fille", by charter dated 17 Jun 1239[459].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 2 May 1242 which records an arbitral settlement to end disputes between "Raymond de Baux I prince d'Orange" and "Dragonet de Montauban", which requires "Dragonette, fille de feu Dragonet de Montauban épouse d'Isoard d'Aix" and "Raymond de Montauban, et Malberjone épouse de Raymond de Baux, enfants d'Isoard d'Aix" to cede their rights in "les châteaux de Montjoux, Teyssières, la Bâtie de Pierre Roux, d'Aubres, Venterol, Noveysan, Rocheblave" to Dragonet[460].  1232/1242.  Isoard & his wife had two children: 

(a)       MALBERJONE d'Aix (-after 13 Sep 1307).  "Isoard d'Aix Seigneur de Châtillon et Dragonette son épouse" granted dowry, consisting of "les châteaux et seigneuries de Condorcet, Montjoux, Teyssières, Aubres, Venterol, Noveysan, Rocheblave, Marsanne", to "Raymond de Baux I prince d'Orange" and to "Malberjone leur fille", by charter dated 17 Jun 1239[461].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 2 May 1242 which records an arbitral settlement to end disputes between "Raymond de Baux I prince d'Orange" and "Dragonet de Montauban", which requires "Dragonette, fille de feu Dragonet de Montauban épouse d'Isoard d'Aix" and "Raymond de Montauban, et Malberjone épouse de Raymond de Baux, enfants d'Isoard d'Aix" to cede their rights in "les châteaux de Montjoux, Teyssières, la Bâtie de Pierre Roux, d'Aubres, Venterol, Noveysan, Rocheblave" to Dragonet[462]m (contract 17 Jun 1239) RAYMOND [I] de Baux Prince d'Orange, son of GUILLAUME [I] de Baux & his first wife Ermengarde de Mévouillon (-1282). 

(b)       RAYMOND d'Aix (-after 21 Jul 1283).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 2 May 1242 which records an arbitral settlement to end disputes between "Raymond de Baux I prince d'Orange" and "Dragonet de Montauban", which requires "Dragonette, fille de feu Dragonet de Montauban épouse d'Isoard d'Aix" and "Raymond de Montauban, et Malberjone épouse de Raymond de Baux, enfants d'Isoard d'Aix" to cede their rights in "les châteaux de Montjoux, Teyssières, la Bâtie de Pierre Roux, d'Aubres, Venterol, Noveysan, Rocheblave" to Dragonet[463].  He rebelled against his father and was disinherited by the latter in favour of his brother-in-law[464].  Seigneur de Montauban.  m firstly MARGUERITE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly as her second husband, SAURE de Mévouillon, widow of his uncle PIERRE ISOARD Seigneur d'Aix, daughter of RAYMOND [IV] "l'Ancien" Seigneur de Mévouillon & his wife Sibylle de Sabran (-after 30 Dec 1286).  “Raymond de Mévouillon frère novice des Prêcheurs” donated revenue, coming from his own income and that of “feue Sibylle sa femme”, to “sa fille Saure épouse de Pierre Isoard seigneur du château d´Aix” by charter dated 19 Oct 1256[465].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not been identified. 

-         SEIGNEURS de MONTAUBAN et de MONTLAUR[466]

ii)         PIERRE ISOARD d'Aix (-before 1285).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Seigneur d'Aix.  He succeeded his father in his possessions at Aix.  m as her first husband, SAURE de Mévouillon, daughter of RAYMOND [IV] "l'Ancien" Seigneur de Mévouillon & his wife Sibylle de Sabran (-after 30 Dec 1286).  “Raymond de Mévouillon frère novice des Prêcheurs” donated revenue, coming from his own income and that of “feue Sibylle sa femme”, to “sa fille Saure épouse de Pierre Isoard seigneur du château d´Aix” by charter dated 19 Oct 1256[467].  She married secondly as his second wife, her first husband's nephew Raymond d'Aix Seigneur de Montauban.  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not been identified.  Pierre Isoard & his wife had eight children: 

(a)       GUILLAUME ARTAUD [II] d'Aix (-[4 Jul 1300/23 Jan 1302]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Seigneur d'Aix.  Seigneur de Montclar 1263.  m (before 1255, Papal dispensation 4o 20 Mar 1255) FLOTTE de Sassenage, daughter of AYMAR Seigneur de Sassenage & his wife Iseron ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 

-         SEIGNEURS d'AIX[468]

(b)       RODOLPHE d'Aix .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He became a Dominican monk. 

(c)       RAYMOND ARTAUD d'Aix "le Bossu" .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He became a Dominican monk.  1286.  

(d)       ISOARD d'Aix .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Doyen of Die.  1286/1308. 

(e)       AMEDEE d'Aix .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1286. 

(f)        MARGUERITE d'Aix (-1286).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

(g)       PHILIPPA d'Aix .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  1286. 

(h)       SIBYLLE d'Aix (-after 24 Aug 1320).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Dame de Sainte-Jalle.  m ODON Alleman Seigneur de Champ (-[8 Jul 1292/12 Feb 1297]).   

iii)        --- d´Aix .  “Osassèche seigneur de la Roche-des-Arnauds fils de feu Arnaud Flotte” acknowledged receipt of the dowry “de sa femme fille de Guillaume Arthaud seigneur d´Aix” by charter dated 10 Jul 1217[469].  m (before 10 Jul 1217) --- “Ossassica” Seigneur de la Roche-des-Arnauds, son of ARNAUD Flotte & his wife ---. 

b)         GUIGUES ARTAUD d'Aix (-before 21 Oct 1205)m as her first husband, ALMONDE de Mévouillon, daughter of RAYMOND [III] de Mévouillon & his wife Saure de Fay (-before 4 Mar 1230).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  She married secondly ([1206]) as his second wife, Rostaing [III] de Sabran.  “Hugues d´Aix fils de Guigues Artaldi...son fils Ysoard” confirmed the donation made by “son aïeul de même nom que lui” to Saint-Marcel de Die, with the advice of “sa mère Aalmodis” by charter dated Jan 1212[470].  She sold the castles of Gensac and Barnave, inherited from her son Hugues, in 1227 to Bishop Bertrand d'Etoile[471].  Guigues Artaud & his wife had two children: 

i)          HUGUES d'Aix (-1223).  "W Artaudi …et nepoti meo Hugoni Artaudi" recognised the rights of the Chartreux over certain territories by charter dated 21 Oct 1205, which also names "filius meus Ysoardus"[472].  “Hugues d´Aix fils de Guigues Artaldi...son fils Ysoard” confirmed the donation made by “son aïeul de même nom que lui” to Saint-Marcel de Die, with the advice of “sa mère Aalmodis” by charter dated Jan 1212[473].  m ---.  The name of Hugues´s wife is not known.  Hugues & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ISOARD d´Aix .  “Hugues d´Aix fils de Guigues Artaldi...son fils Ysoard” confirmed the donation made by “son aïeul de même nom que lui” to Saint-Marcel de Die, with the advice of “sa mère Aalmodis” by charter dated Jan 1212[474].  

ii)         ALIS d'Aix .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m AGOUT de Sault, son of ---. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    ANTIBES

 

 

A.      SEIGNEURS d'ANTIBES

 

 

The county of Antibes was bound to the east by the county of Vence, to the south by the Mediterranean, to the north by the county of Glandevez, and to the west by the county of Fréjus[475]

 

 

1.         RODOARDSeigneur d´Antibes (half).  A 12th century manuscript records that "Rodoardus" was granted "dominium medietatis Antipolitani episcopatus" by "comite Arelatensi"[476]m ---.  Rodoard & his wife had three children: 

a)         GAUCERAN .  A 12th century manuscript names "Gaucerannum…et Guillelmum Gruetam" as the two sons of "Rodoardus", adding that Gauceran received one half of "Vallis-Auree" and later was granted the other half of "episcopatus" by "predicto comite"[477]Seigneur d´Antibesm ---.  The name of Gauceran´s wife is not known.  Gauceran & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUILLAUME Gauceran (-after 1028).  A 12th century manuscript names "Guillelmum Gaucerannum et Aldebertum episcopus" as the two sons of "Gaucerannus", adding that Guillaume divided "Vallis-Auree" with his brother[478].  "Aldebertus…Antipolitanus episcopus" donated property to Lérins by charter dated 1028, witnessed by "Guillelmo filio Gauceranno…"[479]m ---.  The name of Guillaume´s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had two children: 

(a)       GUILLAUME Lombard .  A 12th century manuscript names "Guillelmus Lombardus" as the son of "Guillelmum Gaucerannum"[480]m ---.  The name of Guillaume´s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

(1)       FOULQUES .  A 12th century manuscript names "Guillelmus Lombardus…Fulco filius eius"[481]

(b)       daughter .  A 12th century manuscript records that "Guillelmum Gaucerannum…filia" married "Aldeberto de Rocaforte"[482]m AUDEBERT de Roquefort, son of ---. 

ii)         AUDEBERT (-after 1028).  A 12th century manuscript names "Guillelmum Gaucerannum et Aldebertum episcopus" as the two sons of "Gaucerannus", adding that Guillaume divided "Vallis-Auree" with his brother[483].  Bishop of Antibes.  "Aldebertus…Antipolitanus episcopus" donated property to Lérins by charter dated 1028, witnessed by "Guillelmo filio Gauceranno…"[484]

b)         GUILLAUME "Grueta" .  A 12th century manuscript names "Gaucerannum…et Guillelmum Gruetam" as the two sons of "Rodoardus", adding that Gauceran received one quarter of "Vallis-Auree"[485]m ---.  The name of Guillaume´s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

i)          daughter .  A 12th century manuscript records that "Guillelmus Grueta…filiam" married "Beraldo de Mogino", adding that "nepotes Guillelmi de Claromonte Isnardo cum filio suo Raimundo et consobrini eius Bertrannus et Petrus frater eius" donated their share of "Valle-Aurea" to Lérins abbey[486]m BERAUD de Mogino, son of ---. 

c)         ODA .  A 12th century manuscript names "Odam" as the daughter of "Rodoardus", adding that she married "Signerio" with one fourth of "Vallis-Auree" as her dowry[487]m SIGNER, son of ---.  Signer & his wife had two children: 

i)          daughter .  A 12th century manuscript records that "Signerius ab Oda…filias" married "unam Aldeario de Maganosc…alterma Guillelmo de Claramonte", adding that "Fulco nepos predicti Aldearii et fratres eius Petrus Crispus…monachus…atque Isnardus" donated their share of "Valle-Aurea" to Lérins abbey[488]m ALDEAIRE de Maganosc, son of ---. 

ii)         daughter .  A 12th century manuscript records that "Signerius ab Oda…filias" married "unam Aldeario de Maganosc…alterma Guillelmo de Claramonte", adding that "nepotes Guillelmi de Claromonte Isnardo cum filio suo Raimundo et consobrini eius Bertrannus et Petrus frater eius" donated their share of "Valle-Aurea" to Lérins abbey[489]m GUILLAUME de Clermont, son of ---. 

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS d'ANTIBES et de CANNES

 

 

ANTONIO Grimaldi, son of RANIERO [I] Grimaldi & his wife [Margherita Ruffo dei Conti di Sinipoli/Andriola Grillo] (-1358)

m CATERINA Doria, daughter of ---. 

1.         MARCO (-1374).  m SIBILLA di Saluzzo, daughter of ---. 

 

 

 

C.      SEIGNEURS de GRASSE

 

 

1.         GAUCERANm ---.  The name of Gauceran´s wife is not known.  Gauceran & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME (-after 1056).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1056 under which his wife "Fida" donated property "in territorio Grasse" to Lérins, with the advice of "viri mei Guillelmi, filii domni Gauceranni"[490].  "Guillelmus et uxor mea Fida" granted property "in castro…Mugins" to "fidelem nostrum…Bernardum" by charter dated May 1047[491].  "Domnus Guillelmus Gaucerannus et uxor sua Fides et filii sui…senior Gozfredus, qui nuper fuit ordinatus episcopus, et Raimbaldus juvenis, et puer Aldebertus" donated property to Lérins by charter dated to [1056][492]m FIDA, daughter of --- (-after 1056).  "Guillelmus et uxor mea Fida" granted property "in castro…Mugins" to "fidelem nostrum…Bernardum" by charter dated May 1047[493].  "Fida" donated property "in territorio Grasse" to Lérins, with the advice of "viri mei Guillelmi, filii domni Gauceranni", by charter dated 1056, signed by "filii…eorum Gauzfredus et Guacerannus"[494].  "Domnus Guillelmus Gaucerannus et uxor sua Fides et filii sui…senior Gozfredus, qui nuper fuit ordinatus episcopus, et Raimbaldus juvenis, et puer Aldebertus" donated property to Lérins by charter dated to [1056][495].  Guillaume & his wife had four children: 

i)          GEOFFROY .  "Fida" donated property "in territorio Grasse" to Lérins, with the advice of "viri mei Guillelmi, filii domni Gauceranni", by charter dated 1056, signed by "filii…eorum Gauzfredus et Guacerannus"[496].  Bishop.  "Domnus Guillelmus Gaucerannus et uxor sua Fides et filii sui…senior Gozfredus, qui nuper fuit ordinatus episcopus, et Raimbaldus juvenis, et puer Aldebertus" donated property to Lérins by charter dated to [1056][497]

ii)         GAUCERAN .  "Fida" donated property "in territorio Grasse" to Lérins, with the advice of "viri mei Guillelmi, filii domni Gauceranni", by charter dated 1056, signed by "filii…eorum Gauzfredus et Guacerannus"[498]

iii)        RAIMBAUD .  "Domnus Guillelmus Gaucerannus et uxor sua Fides et filii sui…senior Gozfredus, qui nuper fuit ordinatus episcopus, et Raimbaldus juvenis, et puer Aldebertus" donated property to Lérins by charter dated to [1056][499]

iv)       AUDEBERT .  "Domnus Guillelmus Gaucerannus et uxor sua Fides et filii sui…senior Gozfredus, qui nuper fuit ordinatus episcopus, et Raimbaldus juvenis, et puer Aldebertus" donated property to Lérins by charter dated to [1056][500]

 

2.         FOULQUES de Grasse (-1131).  "…Fulconis de Grassa et Guillelmi fratris eius…" are named as present in a charter dated 1113 which relates to "ecclesiam de Mugino", witnessed by "Raimbaldus de Grassa et Bertrannus et Raimundus filii eius, Boso de Grassa"[501].  "Fulco de Grassa", on his deathbed, donated property to Lérins by charter dated 1131, witnessed by "Guillelmus de Grassa…Petrus Crispus"[502]

3.         GUILLAUME (-after 1131).  "…Fulconis de Grassa et Guillelmi fratris eius…" are named as present in a charter dated 1113 which relates to "ecclesiam de Mugino", witnessed by "Raimbaldus de Grassa et Bertrannus et Raimundus filii eius, Boso de Grassa"[503].  "Fulco de Grassa", on his deathbed, donated property to Lérins by charter dated 1131, witnessed by "Guillelmus de Grassa…Petrus Crispus"[504]

 

4.         RAIMBAUD de Grasse (-after 1113).  "…Fulconis de Grassa et Guillelmi fratris eius…" are named as present in a charter dated 1113 which relates to "ecclesiam de Mugino", witnessed by "Raimbaldus de Grassa et Bertrannus et Raimundus filii eius, Boso de Grassa"[505]m ---.  The name of Raimbaud´s wife is not known.  Raimbaud & his wife had two children: 

a)         BERTRAND de Grasse (-after 5 Sep 1147).  "…Fulconis de Grassa et Guillelmi fratris eius…" are named as present in a charter dated 1113 which relates to "ecclesiam de Mugino", witnessed by "Raimbaldus de Grassa et Bertrannus et Raimundus filii eius, Boso de Grassa"[506].  "Bertrannus de Grassa et Aicelina uxor mea et filii nostri Gaucerannus et Raimbaldus et Ugo" donated property "in castro Mugino" to Lérins, for "filio meo Guillelmo monacho prefati monasterio", by charter dated 5 Sep 1147[507]m AISCELINE, daughter of --- (-after 5 Sep 1147).  "Bertrannus de Grassa et Aicelina uxor mea et filii nostri Gaucerannus et Raimbaldus et Ugo" donated property "in castro Mugino" to Lérins, for "filio meo Guillelmo monacho prefati monasterio", by charter dated 5 Sep 1147[508].  Bertrand & his wife had four children: 

i)          GAUCERAN .  "Bertrannus de Grassa et Aicelina uxor mea et filii nostri Gaucerannus et Raimbaldus et Ugo" donated property "in castro Mugino" to Lérins, for "filio meo Guillelmo monacho prefati monasterio", by charter dated 5 Sep 1147[509].  "…R de Grassa, Bertran de Grassa, G. frater eius, Jauceran de Grassa…" witnessed the charter dated 1167 which settled the disputes between "Raimundum Fulconem et Olivarium fratrem eius" and the abbey of Lérins concerning "castro…Arlucus…et…castro…Rovoret"[510]

ii)         RAIMBAUD .  "Bertrannus de Grassa et Aicelina uxor mea et filii nostri Gaucerannus et Raimbaldus et Ugo" donated property "in castro Mugino" to Lérins, for "filio meo Guillelmo monacho prefati monasterio", by charter dated 5 Sep 1147[511]

iii)        HUGUES .  "Bertrannus de Grassa et Aicelina uxor mea et filii nostri Gaucerannus et Raimbaldus et Ugo" donated property "in castro Mugino" to Lérins, for "filio meo Guillelmo monacho prefati monasterio", by charter dated 5 Sep 1147[512]

iv)       GUILLAUME .  "Bertrannus de Grassa et Aicelina uxor mea et filii nostri Gaucerannus et Raimbaldus et Ugo" donated property "in castro Mugino" to Lérins, for "filio meo Guillelmo monacho prefati monasterio", by charter dated 5 Sep 1147[513].  Monk at Lérins. 

b)         RAYMOND (-after 1141).  "…Fulconis de Grassa et Guillelmi fratris eius…" are named as present in a charter dated 1113 which relates to "ecclesiam de Mugino", witnessed by "Raimbaldus de Grassa et Bertrannus et Raimundus filii eius, Boso de Grassa"[514].  "Raimundus de Grassa" sold "Cororis vel Aure…terram…in loco Revesti…Foraniza" to Lérins by charter dated 1141, witnessed by "Poncius de Rocabruna…"[515].  "…R de Grassa, Bertran de Grassa, G. frater eius, Jauceran de Grassa…" witnessed the charter dated 1167 which settled the disputes between "Raimundum Fulconem et Olivarium fratrem eius" and the abbey of Lérins concerning "castro…Arlucus…et…castro…Rovoret"[516]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    APT

 

 

 

A.      COMTES [d´APT]

 

 

1.         GRIFO [I] .  m THEVIARDA, daughter of ---.  "Crifo comes et nepos meus Rosthstagnus…episcopus" donated property "in comitatu Atense…villa…Vallis" to Monmajour, for the souls of "genitoris mei Crifonis et genetricis meæ Theviarda et matris nepotis mei episcopi…Ermengarda" by charter dated 19 Feb 955[517].  Grifo [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         GRIFO [II] (-after 19 Feb [955]).  Comte [d´Apt].  "Crifo comes et nepos meus Rosthstagnus…episcopus" donated property "in comitatu Atense…villa…Vallis" to Monmajour, for the souls of "genitoris mei Crifonis et genetricis meæ Theviarda et matris nepotis mei episcopi…Ermengarda" by charter dated 19 Feb 955[518]

b)         ERMENGARDE .  "Crifo comes et nepos meus Rosthstagnus…episcopus" donated property "in comitatu Atense…villa…Vallis" to Monmajour, for the souls of "genitoris mei Crifonis et genetricis meæ Theviarda et matris nepotis mei episcopi…Ermengarda" by charter dated 19 Feb 955[519]m ---.  One child: 

i)          ROSTAIN .  Bishop of Apt.  "Crifo comes et nepos meus Rosthstagnus…episcopus" donated property "in comitatu Atense…villa…Vallis" to Monmajour, for the souls of "genitoris mei Crifonis et genetricis meæ Theviarda et matris nepotis mei episcopi…Ermengarda" by charter dated 19 Feb 955[520]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    AVIGNON

 

 

 

A.      VICOMTES d´AVIGNON

 

 

1.         AUPHANT (-after 11 Jan 1005)Vicomte [d´Avignon].  "…Elefanti vicecomitis…" subscribed a charter of Adelais Ctss de Provence dated 11 Jan 1005 at Avignon relating to the monastery of Saint-André[521]m LEOGARDE, daughter of GUILLAUME [II] Vicomte de Marseille & his first wife Aiceline de Baux.  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated Apr 1053 records a donation by "Vuilelmus, Bonifacius atque Leotgerius…filii Alfant vicecomitis atque Leotgiarda" to Marseille Saint-Victor[522].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Auphant & his wife had five children: 

a)         AMAURY (-after Jan 1041).  "…Amalricus et Willelmus et Bonifacius fratres filii…Helefantis" subscribed a charter dated 1040 relating to the donation of part of "castro…Auriol"[523]Vicomte d´Avignon.  "Gaufredus et frater meus Bertrannus comites Avenionenses" donated half of the village of Meynargue to the monastery of Saint-André, on the advice of "leurs fidèles les vicomtes Rostaing, Amalric, Guillaume, Boniface et Laugier", by charter dated Jan 1041[524]

b)         ROSTAIN (-after Jan 1041).  "…Rostagnus filius Alfanti…" signed a charter of Bertrand Comte de Provence relating to property "in pago Sistergico" dated 1037[525]Vicomte d´Avignon.  "Gaufredus et frater meus Bertrannus comites Avenionenses" donated half of the village of Meynargue to the monastery of Saint-André, on the advice of "leurs fidèles les vicomtes Rostaing, Amalric, Guillaume, Boniface et Laugier", by charter dated Jan 1041[526]

c)         GUILLAUME (-after Apr 1053).  "…Amalricus et Willelmus et Bonifacius fratres filii…Helefantis" subscribed a charter dated 1040 relating to the donation of part of "castro…Auriol"[527]Vicomte d´Avignon.  "Gaufredus et frater meus Bertrannus comites Avenionenses" donated half of the village of Meynargue to the monastery of Saint-André, on the advice of "leurs fidèles les vicomtes Rostaing, Amalric, Guillaume, Boniface et Laugier", by charter dated Jan 1041[528].  A charter dated Apr 1053 records a donation by "Vuilelmus, Bonifacius atque Leotgerius…filii Alfant vicecomitis atque Leotgiarda" of property "in comitatu Aquensi in territorio Montis Justini" to Marseille Saint-Victor[529]m ---.  The name of Guillaume´s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had --- children: 

i)          ROSTAINVicomte d´Avignon.  A charter dated 29 Mar 1102 records a transaction of the Archbishop of Arles on the advice of "comitis Bertrandi et Rostagni Guillelmi vicecomitis et Raymundi et Alphanti fratrum eius…"[530]

ii)         RAYMOND .  A charter dated 29 Mar 1102 records a transaction of the Archbishop of Arles on the advice of "comitis Bertrandi et Rostagni Guillelmi vicecomitis et Raymundi et Alphanti fratrum eius…"[531]

iii)        AUPHANT .  A charter dated 29 Mar 1102 records a transaction of the Archbishop of Arles on the advice of "comitis Bertrandi et Rostagni Guillelmi vicecomitis et Raymundi et Alphanti fratrum eius…"[532]

d)         BONIFACE (-after Apr 1053).  "…Amalricus et Willelmus et Bonifacius fratres filii…Helefantis" subscribed a charter dated 1040 relating to the donation of part of "castro…Auriol"[533]Vicomte d´Avignon.  "Gaufredus et frater meus Bertrannus comites Avenionenses" donated half of the village of Meynargue to the monastery of Saint-André, on the advice of "leurs fidèles les vicomtes Rostaing, Amalric, Guillaume, Boniface et Laugier", by charter dated Jan 1041[534].  A charter dated Apr 1053 records a donation by "Vuilelmus, Bonifacius atque Leotgerius…filii Alfant vicecomitis atque Leotgiarda" of property "in comitatu Aquensi in territorio Montis Justini" to Marseille Saint-Victor[535]

e)         LEOTGER (-after Apr 1053).  Vicomte d´Avignon.  "Gaufredus et frater meus Bertrannus comites Avenionenses" donated half of the village of Meynargue to the monastery of Saint-André, on the advice of "leurs fidèles les vicomtes Rostaing, Amalric, Guillaume, Boniface et Laugier", by charter dated Jan 1041[536].  A charter dated Apr 1053 records a donation by "Vuilelmus, Bonifacius atque Leotgerius…filii Alfant vicecomitis atque Leotgiarda" of property "in comitatu Aquensi in territorio Montis Justini" to Marseille Saint-Victor[537]

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES de MEZOARGUES

 

 

Two brothers, whose parents are not known but whose names indicate descent from the preceding family:

1.         AUPHANT (-after 22 May 1150).  Vicomte de Mézoargues.  "…Alfannum…vicecomite de Mesoaga…et frater eius Guillelmus de Bulbone…" are named in a charter dated 22 May 1150 at Aix[538]

2.         GUILLAUME de Boulbon (-after 22 May 1150).  "…Alfannum…vicecomite de Mesoaga…et frater eius Guillelmus de Bulbone…" are named in a charter dated 22 May 1150 at Aix[539]

 

 

 

C.      SABRAN

 

 

1.         ROSTAIN (-after 21 Sep 1006).  "Rostagnus nobilissimus vir cum uxore sua Belletrude et filiis Petrone clerico et Bertranno et Rostagno seu Emenone" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Petri…in comitatu Avenionensi…in Alieraco minore" to Saint-André-lès-Avignon by charter dated 21 Sep 1006[540]m BELTRUDE, daughter of --- (-after 21 Sep 1006).  "Rostagnus nobilissimus vir cum uxore sua Belletrude et filiis Petrone clerico et Bertranno et Rostagno seu Emenone" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Petri…in comitatu Avenionensi…in Alieraco minore" to Saint-André-lès-Avignon by charter dated 21 Sep 1006[541].  Rostain & his wife had four children: 

a)         BERTRAND .  "Rostagnus nobilissimus vir cum uxore sua Belletrude et filiis Petrone clerico et Bertranno et Rostagno seu Emenone" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Petri…in comitatu Avenionensi…in Alieraco minore" to Saint-André-lès-Avignon by charter dated 21 Sep 1006[542]m ---.  The name of Bertrand´s wife is not known.  Bertrand & his wife had one child: 

i)          HUMBERT

b)         PIERRE .  "Rostagnus nobilissimus vir cum uxore sua Belletrude et filiis Petrone clerico et Bertranno et Rostagno seu Emenone" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Petri…in comitatu Avenionensi…in Alieraco minore" to Saint-André-lès-Avignon by charter dated 21 Sep 1006[543]

c)         ROSTAIN .  "Rostagnus nobilissimus vir cum uxore sua Belletrude et filiis Petrone clerico et Bertranno et Rostagno seu Emenone" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Petri…in comitatu Avenionensi…in Alieraco minore" to Saint-André-lès-Avignon by charter dated 21 Sep 1006[544]

d)         EMENON de Sabran (-after 18 Dec 1029).  "Rostagnus nobilissimus vir cum uxore sua Belletrude et filiis Petrone clerico et Bertranno et Rostagno seu Emenone" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Petri…in comitatu Avenionensi…in Alieraco minore" to Saint-André-lès-Avignon by charter dated 21 Sep 1006[545].  A charter dated 18 Dec 1029 records the foundation of the monastery of Sauve by "Garsindis et filius meus Bremundus et frater eius Almeradus", for the soul of "genitoris nostri Barnardi", in the presence of "Wilelmi comitis Tholosani…Atthonis vicecomitis, et Berengarii, et fratris eius Elisiari de ipso Castro…Emenonis de Sabrano…"[546]

 

2.         ROSTAIN [I] de Sabran

 

3.         EMENON de Sabran (-after 15 Dec 1066). 

 

4.         GIBELLIN de Sabran (-after [1094]).  "Raimundus comes Tolosanæ, dux Narbonæ, marchio Provinciæ" donated property to Saint-André d´Avignon by charter dated 1088 (which presumably should be redated to after 1094), signed by "…Guillelmus de Sabrano, Alisiardus de Usetico, Rostagnus de Posqueriis, Gibellinus de Sabrano…"[547]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Sabran (-before 1138).  "Raymundus comes Rothenensis" abandoned rights in favour of the church of Béziers by charter dated 1084, signed by "…Guillelmi de Sabrano…"[548].  "Raimundus comes Tolosanæ, dux Narbonæ, marchio Provinciæ" donated property to Saint-André d´Avignon by charter dated 1088 (which presumably should be redated to after 1094), signed by "…Guillelmus de Sabrano, Alisiardus de Usetico, Rostagnus de Posqueriis, Gibellinus de Sabrano…"[549].  Guillaume de Sabran and Raymond de Narbonne-Pelet fought successfully to have the goods and arms brought by the Genovese safely transported to Jerusalem, 18 Jun 1099[550]Pope Pascal II threatened "militaribus viris Willelmo de Sabrano, Emenoni fratri eius…" for associating themselves in the criminal exploits of Bertrand Comte de Toulouse by bull dated 4 Feb 1107[551].  A bull of Pope Calixtus II dated 22 Jun 1121 threatened excommunication against "Raimundi de Bautio, Guilelmo de Sabrano, Elesiario de Castrias, Rainoni de Castlar et Guilelmo Rainoardi" if they didn't prevent Alphonse Comte de Toulouse from attacking the monastery of Saint-Gilles, a subsequent bull dated 22 Apr 1122 noting that "…Raimundum de Baltio, Guillemum de Sabrano, Elisiarium de Castriis, Guillelmum Rainoardi de Mezenees, vicecomites de Mezoaga, et Rainonem de Castlar" had been excommunicated for the same offence[552]m ADELAIS, daughter of --- (-after 17 Sep 1147).  "Adalaicia de Sabrano et…eius liberi Emeno et Rostagnus de Sabrano, Wilelmus, Raimundus, atque Petrus archidiaconus" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches, for the soul of "Wilelmi de Sabrano patris nostri", by charter dated 1138[553].  "Adalais de Sabrano et filii sui Rostagnus et Emes et Wilelmus" donated half of revenue from property to the Templars at Richerenches by charter dated 17 Sep 1147, one quarter of which revenue was donated by "Wilelma, Bertrandi de Tauliniano qui fui uxor et mei filii Poncius Gontardus --- et Pelestorz" (presumably indicating that the two families were related)[554].  Guillaume & his wife had five children: 

a)         EMENON de Sabran (-after 17 Sep 1147).  Pope Pascal II threatened "militaribus viris Willelmo de Sabrano, Emenoni fratri eius…" for associating themselves in the criminal exploits of Bertrand Comte de Toulouse by bull dated 4 Feb 1107[555].  "Adalaicia de Sabrano et…eius liberi Emeno et Rostagnus de Sabrano, Wilelmus, Raimundus, atque Petrus archidiaconus" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches, for the soul of "Wilelmi de Sabrano patris nostri", by charter dated 1138[556].  "Adalais de Sabrano et filii sui Rostagnus et Emes et Wilelmus" donated half of revenue from property to the Templars at Richerenches by charter dated 17 Sep 1147, one quarter of which revenue was donated by "Wilelma, Bertrandi de Tauliniano qui fui uxor et mei filii Poncius Gontardus --- et Pelestorz" (presumably indicating that the two families were related)[557]

b)         ROSTAIN de Sabran (-1172 or after).  "Adalaicia de Sabrano et…eius liberi Emeno et Rostagnus de Sabrano, Wilelmus, Raimundus, atque Petrus archidiaconus" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches, for the soul of "Wilelmi de Sabrano patris nostri", by charter dated 1138[558]

-        see below

c)         GUILLAUME de Sabran (-after 1159).  "Adalaicia de Sabrano et…eius liberi Emeno et Rostagnus de Sabrano, Wilelmus, Raimundus, atque Petrus archidiaconus" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches, for the soul of "Wilelmi de Sabrano patris nostri", by charter dated 1138[559].  "Guilelmus de Sabrano…Rostagnus de Sabrano…" promised support to "Raymundo Berengarii comiti Barchinonensi et nepoti tuo Raymundo Berengarii filio fratris tui Berengarii Raymundi" against "Stephania uxor Raymundi de Baucio et Hugo filius eius et Guilelmus et Bertrandus et Gisbertus" by charter dated 1156[560].  "Willelmus de Sabrano" confirmed donations to the Templars at Richerenches made by "ego et Adalaicia mater mea et insimul fratres mei" by charter dated [21 Aug] 1159[561]

d)         RAYMOND de Sabran (-after 1138).  "Adalaicia de Sabrano et…eius liberi Emeno et Rostagnus de Sabrano, Wilelmus, Raimundus, atque Petrus archidiaconus" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches, for the soul of "Wilelmi de Sabrano patris nostri", by charter dated 1138[562]

e)         PIERRE de Sabran (-after 1138).  "Adalaicia de Sabrano et…eius liberi Emeno et Rostagnus de Sabrano, Wilelmus, Raimundus, atque Petrus archidiaconus" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches, for the soul of "Wilelmi de Sabrano patris nostri", by charter dated 1138[563].  Archdeacon. 

2.         EMENON de Sabran (-after 4 Feb 1107).  Pope Pascal II threatened "militaribus viris Willelmo de Sabrano, Emenoni fratri eius…" for associating themselves in the criminal exploits of Bertrand Comte de Toulouse by bull dated 4 Feb 1107[564]

 

 

ROSTAIN [II] de Sabran, son of GUILLAUME de Sabran & his wife Adelais --- (-1172 or after).  "Adalaicia de Sabrano et…eius liberi Emeno et Rostagnus de Sabrano, Wilelmus, Raimundus, atque Petrus archidiaconus" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches, for the soul of "Wilelmi de Sabrano patris nostri", by charter dated 1138[565].  "Silvius de Cleireu et…Matelina eius uxor et…Silvius eorum filius" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches by charter dated 15 Oct 1141, witnessed by "Rostagnus de Sabran, --- filius eius, Raimundus filius comitis de Tolosana…"[566].  "Adalais de Sabrano et filii sui Rostagnus et Emes et Wilelmus" donated half of revenue from property to the Templars at Richerenches by charter dated 17 Sep 1147, one quarter of which revenue was donated by "Wilelma, Bertrandi de Tauliniano qui fui uxor et mei filii Poncius Gontardus --- et Pelestorz" (presumably indicating that the two families were related)[567].  "Guilelmus de Sabrano…Rostagnus de Sabrano…" promised support to "Raymundo Berengarii comiti Barchinonensi et nepoti tuo Raymundo Berengarii filio fratris tui Berengarii Raymundi" against "Stephania uxor Raymundi de Baucio et Hugo filius eius et Guilelmus et Bertrandus et Gisbertus" by charter dated 1156[568]

m firstly CONSTANCE, daughter of GERAUD Amic & his wife Aymaune --- (-1136). 

m secondly ROSCIE, daughter of RAINON Seigneur d´Uzès et de Caylar & his wife Beatrix --- (-before 1206). 

Rostain & his first wife had three children: 

1.         GUILLAUME de Sabran (-1199 or after).  "Silvius de Cleireu et…Matelina eius uxor et…Silvius eorum filius" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches by charter dated 15 Oct 1141, witnessed by "Rostagnus de Sabran, --- filius eius, Raimundus filius comitis de Tolosana…"[569]m ---.  The name of Guillaume´s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROSTAIN [III] de Sabran (-16 Feb 1208)Constable of the count of Toulouse in Provence.  m firstly CLEMENCE de Montpellier, daughter of GUILLAUME [VII] Seigneur de Montpellier & his wife Mathilde de Bourgogne (-after 20 Apr 1213).  Under his testament dated 29 Sep 1173, "Guillelmus dominus Montispessulani, filius quondam Sibilie" recalls that he gave "Clementiam filiam meam" to the monastery of Tarn[570].  In his testament dated 4 Nov 1202, Guillaume [VIII] Seigneur de Montpellier named "…Clementiæ sorori meæ…viro suo Rostagno de Sabino"[571].  "Maria filia quondam domini Montispessulani…Regina Aragoniæ, comitissa Barchinonis" granted Montpellier to "Petro…Regi Aragoniæ, comiti Barchinonis marito meo" by charter dated Sep 1205, witnessed by "…Domina Clementia…"[572].  The testament of "Maria regina Aragonum et domina Montispessulani" is dated 20 Apr 1213, naming "dominæ Clementiæ amitæ meæ"[573].   m secondly ([1206]) as her second husband, ALMONDE de Mévouillon, widow of GUIGUES ARTAUD d'Aix, daughter of RAYMOND [III] de Mévouillon & his wife Saure de Fay (-before 4 Mar 1230).  "Domna Adalmua uxor quondam domini Rostagni de Sabrano, constabularii domini comitis Tolosani...filiorum meorum Ros. et Guillelmi de Sabrano" donated property to Valbonne, with the consent of "domini Guillelmi de Baucio...princeps Aurasicæ, tutoris liberorum quondam dicti Rostagni de Sabrano", by charter dated 25 Jul 1215[574]The primary source which confirms her parentage and first marriage has not yet been identified.  She sold the castles of Gensac and Barnave, inherited from her son Hugues, in 1227 to Bishop Bertrand d'Etoile[575].  Rostain & his second wife had two children: 

i)          ROSTAIN [IV] de Sabran (-after 5 May 1252).  "Domna Adalmua uxor quondam domini Rostagni de Sabrano, constabularii domini comitis Tolosani...filiorum meorum Ros. et Guillelmi de Sabrano" donated property to Valbonne, with the consent of "domini Guillelmi de Baucio...princeps Aurasicæ, tutoris liberorum quondam dicti Rostagni de Sabrano", by charter dated 25 Jul 1215[576]m ---.  The name of Rostain´s wife is not known.  Rostain & his wife had one child: 

(a)       daughter .  m GUILLAUME de Tournon, son of ---. 

ii)         GUILLAUME de Sabran"Domna Adalmua uxor quondam domini Rostagni de Sabrano, constabularii domini comitis Tolosani...filiorum meorum Ros. et Guillelmi de Sabrano" donated property to Valbonne, with the consent of "domini Guillelmi de Baucio...princeps Aurasicæ, tutoris liberorum quondam dicti Rostagni de Sabrano", by charter dated 25 Jul 1215[577]

2.         PIERRE Amic (-after 1133). 

3.         GUIRAUD [I] Amic (-[Feb 1179/1184]).  m (19 Nov 1152) GALBURGE, niece of Rainon de Caylar, daughter of ---.  Guiraud & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUIRAUD [II] Amic (-[1213]).  Constable of the Count of Toulouse in Provence 1208.  m ([1180]) ALIX de Forcalquier, daughter of BERTRAND Comte de Forcalquier & his wife Josceranne de Flotte.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  She succeeded her brother in 1209 as Ctss de Forcalquier.  Guiraud & his wife had three children: 

i)          GUIRAUD [III] Amic (-1215 before 25 Aug).  Seigneur du Thor de Châteauneuf [Sabran].  m (before 1208) TIBURGE de Baux, daughter of GUILLAUME de Baux Prince d´Orange & his second wife Anne ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 9 May 1222 records a dispute between "Giraud Amic, fils de feu Giraud-Amic et de Tiburge, gendre de Guillaume de Baux prince d'Orange"[578].  Guiraud [III] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GUIRAUD [IV] Amic .  A charter dated 9 May 1222 records a dispute between "Giraud Amic, fils de feu Giraud-Amic et de Tiburge, gendre de Guillaume de Baux prince d'Orange"[579]

ii)         GUILLAUME (-[1250]).  Comte de Forcalquier.  "W…comes Forcall" confirmed the donation of "domui de Larat" by charter dated Dec 1204[580]

-         COMTES de FORCALQUIER

iii)        AMIC de Sabran

Rostain & his second wife had two children: 

4.         RAINON [I] de Sabran (-1209 or after).  Seigneur du Caylar et d'Ansouis.  1155/1209.  m firstly ([1178]) GARSINDE de Forcalquier, daughter of GUILLAUME [II] Comte de Forcalquier & his wife Adelais de Béziers (-before 1193).  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated [3] Jun 1202 under which "Willelmo…comite Forcalquerii filio dominæ comitissæ veterannæ" confirmed the marriage of "Delfino filio dominæ Beatricis…ducissæ Burgundiæ, Albonensis ac Viennensis comitissæ" and "neptem suam…filiam filiæ suæ…Beatricem"[581].  The primary source which confirms her name and her husband´s name has not yet been identified.  m secondly ---.  The name of Rainon´s second wife is not known.  Rainon [I] & his first wife had two children: 

a)         GERSENDE de Sabran .  Ctss de Forcalquier.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the wife of "Sanctio [frater rege Petro de Arragonum" [presumably an error for "Alfonso"] as "neptem…comitis de Forcalcarie"[582]Rodrigo of Toledo´s De rebus Hispaniæ records that "Aldefonso" married "neptem comitis Folocalquerii"[583].  A Brevis historia comitum Provinciæ records that "Idelfonsus...comes Provinciæ" married "Gersendem neptem comitis Folocalquerii"[584]The primary source which confirms her precise parentage has not yet been identified.  Nun at Celle 1222.  m (Aix-en-Provence Jul 1193) Infante don ALFONSO BERENGUER de Aragón, son of ALFONSO II King of Aragon & his wife Infanta doña Sancha de Castilla ([1180]-Palermo Feb 1209).  He succeeded his father in 1195 as ALFONSO II Comte de Provence, Millau & Razès. 

b)         BEATRIX de Sabran (1182-after 5 Sep 1215)"Willelmo…comite Forcalquerii filio dominæ comitissæ veterannæ" confirmed the marriage of "Delfino filio dominæ Beatricis…ducissæ Burgundiæ, Albonensis ac Viennensis comitissæ" and "neptem suam…filiam filiæ suæ…Beatricem" and granted her the counties of Embrun and Gap as her dowry, by charter dated [3] Jun 1202[585].  Ctss de Gap et d´Embrun.  The Aymari Rivalli De Allobrogibus records that "Andreas" married "Beatricem, filiam Guillermi Falcaquerii comitis" and inherited "comitatum Falcaquerium" from her, adding in a later passage that he repudiated her for consanguinity[586], although this skips a generation in recording the parentage of Beatrix.  A charter dated 1210 records an agreement between "dominus Andreas Dalfinus" and the church of Embrun, relating to donations by "domino Wilelmo bonæ memoriæ comite Forcalcarii" and "eidem Delfino et uxori eius"[587]m (Saint-Firmin-sur-le-Buech Jun 1202, divorced 1210) as his first wife, ANDRE de Bourgogne, son of HUGUES III Duke of Burgundy [Capet] & his second wife Béatrix de Viennois (1184-14 Mar 1237, bur Grenoble, église collégiale de Saint-André).  He succeeded his mother in 1228 as Comte d'Albon, Dauphin. 

Rainon [I] & his second wife had two children: 

c)         GUILLAUME de Martortel (-before 1260).  "Raino dominus Ucetiæ filius quondam d. Rainonis" sold property, in his name and that of "Guillelmum de Martortel fratrem meum", by charter dated 8 Jul 1223[588]m ERMESENDE, daughter of --- (-after 1260).  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

i)          ELZEAR de Sabran (-after 1280).  He sold his one-eighth share in the seigneurie d´Uzès to the bishop of Uzès in 1280. 

d)         RAINON [III] (-after 1242).  "Raino dominus Ucetiæ filius quondam d. Rainonis" sold property, in his name and that of "Guillelmum de Martortel fratrem meum", by charter dated 8 Jul 1223[589].  Seigneur de la Tour d´Aigue et d´Uzès.  He sold his one-eighth share in the seigneurie d´Uzès to the bishop of Uzès in 1242.  m ---.  The name of Rainon´s wife is not known.  Rainon [III] & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROSCIEPope Innocent IV issued a dispensation for the marriage of “Berengario de Podio Suriguerio” and “nobili mulieri Roscie filie quondam Rainonis domini Uticensis”, related “in quarto consangunitatis gradu”, dated 20 Oct 1248[590]m (Papal dispensation 20 Oct 1248) BERENGER de Puy-Surgières, son of ---. 

5.         ELZEAR de Sabran (-after 1208).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Seigneur d´Uzès. 

-        SEIGNEUR d´UZES

 

 

1.         --- .  m GUILLELME, daughter of ---.  One child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Sabran"Guillelmus de Sabrano" sold property to Valbonne, with the consent of "domnam Guillelmam matrem meam", by charter dated Apr 1207[591].  "Guillelmus de Sabrano" donated property to Valbonne by charter dated 1213[592]

 

 

 

D.      VICOMTES de SISTERON, VICOMTES d´AVIGNON

 

 

1.         AUDEBERT (-[7 Dec 1002/11 Jan 1005]).  A charter dated 987 at Avignon names "Eldebertus judex et Adalelmus frater eius…Aldebertus et eius uxor Teucennis, Adalelmus et eius uxor Belillis"[593]m TEUCINDE, daughter of ---.  A charter dated 987 at Avignon names "Eldebertus judex et Adalelmus frater eius…Aldebertus et eius uxor Teucennis, Adalelmus et eius uxor Belillis"[594].  She founded the abbey of Montmajour. 

2.         ADALELME .  A charter dated 987 at Avignon names "Eldebertus judex et Adalelmus frater eius…Aldebertus et eius uxor Teucennis, Adalelmus et eius uxor Belillis"[595]m BELIELDE, daughter of --- (-after 1036).  A charter dated 987 at Avignon names "Eldebertus judex et Adalelmus frater eius…Aldebertus et eius uxor Teucennis, Adalelmus et eius uxor Belillis"[596].  "Belielda…Carbonello filio suo" donated property "in pago Forojuliensi…in castro Canneto" to Lérins by charter dated 10 Jun [1025/32][597].  "Belliildis…cum filiis meis Carbonello, Berengario atque Amico" donated property "in comitatu Arelatense in loco…Gimellus" to Saint-Victor Marseille, for the soul of "Heldeberti episcopi", by charter dated 1036[598].  Adalelme & his wife had three children: 

a)         CARBONEL (-after 1036).  "Belielda…Carbonello filio suo" donated property "in pago Forojuliensi…in castro Canneto" to Lérins by charter dated 10 Jun [1025/32][599].  "…Carbonellus, Amicus frater suus…" subscribed a charter dated 1031 under which "Goncelenus" donated property to Saint-Victor Marseille[600].  "Belliildis…cum filiis meis Carbonello, Berengario atque Amico" donated property "in comitatu Arelatense in loco…Gimellus" to Saint-Victor Marseille, for the soul of "Heldeberti episcopi", by charter dated 1036[601]

b)         BERENGER (-[14 Feb 1063/13 Jul 1065]).  "Belliildis…cum filiis meis Carbonello, Berengario atque Amico" donated property "in comitatu Arelatense in loco…Gimellus" to Saint-Victor Marseille, for the soul of "Heldeberti episcopi", by charter dated 1036[602]Vicomte [d´Avignon]. 

-        see below

c)         AMIC (-[1050/14 Feb 1063]).  "…Berengerius, Amicus frater suus…" subscribed a charter dated Aug 1031 under which "Bertrandus…comes vel gubernator Provintie regionis" donated property to Saint-Victor Marseille[603].  "…Carbonellus, Amicus frater suus…" subscribed a charter dated 1031 under which "Goncelenus" donated property to Saint-Victor Marseille[604].  "Belliildis…cum filiis meis Carbonello, Berengario atque Amico" donated property "in comitatu Arelatense in loco…Gimellus" to Saint-Victor Marseille, for the soul of "Heldeberti episcopi", by charter dated 1036[605]m ---.  The name of Amic´s wife is not known.  Amic & his wife had four children: 

i)          PIERRE AMIC (-before 1113).  "…Petrus Amicus et fratres sui…Willelmus, Eldebertus et Amicus…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Feb 1063 under which "Barangarius", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Gisberge et filiorum meorum…Rostagni episcopi et Berengarii, Raymundi, Willelmi, Leodegarii, Rostagni, Bertranni", donated "ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis…in territorio Avennicensi in castro…Pons Sorgie" to Cluny[606].  The document does not specify that the four brothers were sons of Berenger´s deceased son Amic but this appears to be a reasonable hypothesis.  "Petrus et uxor sua et Guiraldus filius eius, Amici" granted tax exemptions to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 28 Jul 1094[607].  "Petrus Amicus et uxor mea Agnes et filii nostri Geraldus, Bertrannus atque Petrus" donated property "locum Sancte Marie…Codognerius…in valle castelli Enversunas in Forojuliensi pago" to Lérins by charter dated to [1094/1110][608]m AGNES, daughter of --- (-after 1113).  "Petrus Amicus et uxor mea Agnes et filii nostri Geraldus, Bertrannus atque Petrus" donated property "locum Sancte Marie…Codognerius…in valle castelli Enversunas in Forojuliensi pago" to Lérins by charter dated to [1094/1110][609].  "Bertrannus Amicus…cum matre mea Agnes et fratre meo Petro" donated property "in territorio de Eversunas" to Lérins by charter dated 1113[610].  Pierre Amic & his wife had three children: 

(a)       GERAUD (-[1112/13]).  "Petrus et uxor sua et Guiraldus filius eius, Amici" granted tax exemptions to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 28 Jul 1094[611].  "Petrus Amicus et uxor mea Agnes et filii nostri Geraldus, Bertrannus atque Petrus" donated property "locum Sancte Marie…Codognerius…in valle castelli Enversunas in Forojuliensi pago" to Lérins by charter dated to [1094/1110][612].  "Geraldus Amici et uxor mea Ayalmus" donated a water course to the church of Avignon by charter dated to [1101/7 Jul 1105][613]m AYAUME, daughter of ---.  "Geraldus Amici et uxor mea Ayalmus" donated a water course to the church of Avignon by charter dated to [1101/7 Jul 1105][614].  Géraud & his wife had one child: 

(1)       CONSTANCE (-1136)m as his first wife, ROSTAIN [II] de Sabran, son of GUILLAUME de Sabran & his wife --- (-1172 or after). 

(b)       BERTRAND AMIC .  "Petrus Amicus et uxor mea Agnes et filii nostri Geraldus, Bertrannus atque Petrus" donated property "locum Sancte Marie…Codognerius…in valle castelli Enversunas in Forojuliensi pago" to Lérins by charter dated to [1094/1110][615].  "Bertrannus Amicus…cum matre mea Agnes et fratre meo Petro" donated property "in territorio de Eversunas" to Lérins by charter dated 1113[616]

(c)       PIERRE (-after 24 Feb 1114).  "Petrus Amicus et uxor mea Agnes et filii nostri Geraldus, Bertrannus atque Petrus" donated property "locum Sancte Marie…Codognerius…in valle castelli Enversunas in Forojuliensi pago" to Lérins by charter dated to [1094/1110][617].  "Bertrannus Amicus…cum matre mea Agnes et fratre meo Petro" donated property "in territorio de Eversunas" to Lérins by charter dated 1113[618]

ii)         GUILLAUME .  "…Petrus Amicus et fratres sui…Willelmus, Eldebertus et Amicus…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Feb 1063 under which "Barangarius", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Gisberge et filiorum meorum…Rostagni episcopi et Berengarii, Raymundi, Willelmi, Leodegarii, Rostagni, Bertranni", donated "ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis…in territorio Avennicensi in castro…Pons Sorgie" to Cluny[619].  The document does not specify that the four brothers were sons of Berenger´s deceased son Amic but this appears to be a reasonable hypothesis. 

iii)        AUDEBERT .  "…Petrus Amicus et fratres sui…Willelmus, Eldebertus et Amicus…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Feb 1063 under which "Barangarius", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Gisberge et filiorum meorum…Rostagni episcopi et Berengarii, Raymundi, Willelmi, Leodegarii, Rostagni, Bertranni", donated "ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis…in territorio Avennicensi in castro…Pons Sorgie" to Cluny[620].  The document does not specify that the four brothers were sons of Berenger´s deceased son Amic but this appears to be a reasonable hypothesis. 

iv)       AMIC .  "…Petrus Amicus et fratres sui…Willelmus, Eldebertus et Amicus…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Feb 1063 under which "Barangarius", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Gisberge et filiorum meorum…Rostagni episcopi et Berengarii, Raymundi, Willelmi, Leodegarii, Rostagni, Bertranni", donated "ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis…in territorio Avennicensi in castro…Pons Sorgie" to Cluny[621].  The document does not specify that the four brothers were sons of Berenger´s deceased son Amic but this appears to be a reasonable hypothesis. 

 

 

BERENGER, son of ADALELME & his wife Belielde --- (-[14 Feb 1063/13 Jul 1065]).  "Bertrannus comes" donated property to Saint-Victor Marseille by undated charter, dated to [1018/32], subscribed by "Beringarius vicecomes"[622].  "Barangarius" confirmed the donation of half of "Turris" by "Aldebertus avunculus meus" to Saint-André-lès-Avignon by charter dated 1030[623].  "…Berengerius, Amicus frater suus…" subscribed a charter dated Aug 1031 under which "Bertrandus…comes vel gubernator Provintie regionis" donated property to Saint-Victor Marseille[624].  "Belliildis…cum filiis meis Carbonello, Berengario atque Amico" donated property "in comitatu Arelatense in loco…Gimellus" to Saint-Victor Marseille, for the soul of "Heldeberti episcopi", by charter dated 1036[625]Vicomte [d´Avignon].  "Berengarius" consented to the foundation of Valence Saint-Rufus by charter dated 1 Jan 1039, signed by "filii sui Rostagnus et Leodegarius"[626].  "Berengarius et uxor mea Girberga" donated property "in comitatu Vensensi…quarta pars ville…Saleta Saramanni" to Saint-Victor Marseille by charter dated 25 Oct [1040], signed by "filii eorum Rostagnus et Berenguerius"[627].  "Bertrannus…marchio sive comes Provincie" granted property "territorio castelli…Forcalcherium" to Saint-Victor Marseille, for the soul of "genitoris mei Willelmi", by charter dated 1044, subscribed by "Berengarius vicecomes, Miro vicecomes, Raiambaldus de Nica, Rostagnus vicecomes…", and renewed by "Vilelmus et Gauzfredus comites sive marchiones Provincie, filii prefati Bertranni" (witnessed by "Berengarius filius Berengarii vicecomitis")[628].  "Barangarius", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Gisberge et filiorum meorum…Rostagni episcopi et Berengarii, Raymundi, Willelmi, Leodegarii, Rostagni, Bertranni", donated "ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis…in territorio Avennicensi in castro…Pons Sorgie" to Cluny by charter dated 14 Feb 1063, signed by "…Petrus Amicus et fratres sui…Willelmus, Eldebertus et Amicus…Rostagnus et Willelmus et Leodegarius vicecomites, Rostagnus et Raymundus filii Willelmi vicecomitis"[629]

m GERBERGE, daughter of MIRON & his wife Odile --- (-after 14 Feb 1063).  "Berengarius et uxor mea Girberga" donated property "in comitatu Vensensi…quarta pars ville…Saleta Saramanni" to Saint-Victor Marseille by charter dated 25 Oct [1040], signed by "filii eorum Rostagnus et Berenguerius"[630].  Her parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son "Rostagnus…Avinionensis episcopus" donated property, previously given by "Miro quondam avunculus meus" and unjustly retained by "Berengarius frater meus", to Saint-Victor Marseille[631].  "Barangarius", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Gisberge et filiorum meorum…Rostagni episcopi et Berengarii, Raymundi, Willelmi, Leodegarii, Rostagni, Bertranni", donated "ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis…in territorio Avennicensi in castro…Pons Sorgie" to Cluny by charter dated 14 Feb 1063[632]

Berenger & his wife had seven children: 

1.         BERENGER (-after 14 Feb 1063).  "Berengarius et uxor mea Girberga" donated property "in comitatu Vensensi…quarta pars ville…Saleta Saramanni" to Saint-Victor Marseille by charter dated 25 Oct [1040], signed by "filii eorum Rostagnus et Berenguerius"[633].  "Berengarius filius Berengarii vicecomitis" witnessed the renewal by "Vilelmus et Gauzfredus comites sive marchiones Provincie, filii prefati Bertranni" of the charter dated 1044 under which "Bertrannus…marchio sive comes Provincie" granted property "territorio castelli…Forcalcherium" to Saint-Victor Marseille, for the soul of "genitoris mei Willelmi"[634].  He succeeded his maternal uncle as Vicomte de Sisteron.  Gérard Bishop of Sisteron founded the church of Saint-Pierre at Fontelane, on the advice of "domni Willelmi Bertranni comitis Provincie et comitisse sue uxoris, domni etiam Berengarii filii Berengarii maioris vicecomitis Sigistericensis" by charter dated 1 May 1055[635].  A charter dated 1 May 1055 records a donation to Saint-Victor, Marseille on the advice of "domni Willelmi Bertranni comitis Provincie et comitisse sue uxoris, domni etiam Berengarii filii Berengarii majoris vicecomitis Sigistericensis sueque mulieris Accelene"[636].  "Barangarius", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Gisberge et filiorum meorum…Rostagni episcopi et Berengarii, Raymundi, Willelmi, Leodegarii, Rostagni, Bertranni", donated "ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis…in territorio Avennicensi in castro…Pons Sorgie" to Cluny by charter dated 14 Feb 1063[637]m AISCELENE, daughter of --- (-after 1 May 1055).  A charter dated 1 May 1055 records a donation to Saint-Victor, Marseille on the advice of "domni Willelmi Bertranni comitis Provincie et comitisse sue uxoris, domni etiam Berengarii filii Berengarii majoris vicecomitis Sigistericensis sueque mulieris Accelene"[638]

2.         ROSTAIN (-[30 Jan 1074/Jan 1076]).  "Berengarius" consented to the foundation of Valence Saint-Rufus by charter dated 1 Jan 1039, signed by "filii sui Rostagnus et Leodegarius"[639].  "Berengarius et uxor mea Girberga" donated property "in comitatu Vensensi…quarta pars ville…Saleta Saramanni" to Saint-Victor Marseille by charter dated 25 Oct [1040], signed by "filii eorum Rostagnus et Berenguerius"[640].  "Barangarius", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Gisberge et filiorum meorum…Rostagni episcopi et Berengarii, Raymundi, Willelmi, Leodegarii, Rostagni, Bertranni", donated "ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis…in territorio Avennicensi in castro…Pons Sorgie" to Cluny by charter dated 14 Feb 1063[641].  "Rostagnus, episcopus Avinionis, filius Berengerii vicecomiti" donated property "sita prope castellum…Forcalcherium" to Saint-Victor Marseille by charter dated to [1065/79][642].  Bishop of Avignon.  He succeeded his brother as Vicomte de Sisteron.  "Rostagnus, sancta Avinionensis ecclesie episcopus" donated property "condaminam quam Miro, quondam avunculus meus, dederat…quam iterum iniuste possessam Berengarius frater meus" which he had recovered "post mortem fratris mei Berengarii", to Saint-Victor Marseille by undated charter, signed by "uxor Willelmi Bertranni comitis, videlicet comitissa, Guirberga et filii eius Willelmus, Raimundus, Lothgerius, Rostagnus"[643].  "Rostagnus, episcopus Avinionis, filius Berengarii vicecomiti" donated "sita prope castellum…Forchalcherium" by charter dated to [1065/75], signed by "Raimundus et Vilelmus, Laugerius et Berengarius fratres"[644]

3.         RAYMOND "Decan" (-after 12 Jul 1096).  "Barangarius", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Gisberge et filiorum meorum…Rostagni episcopi et Berengarii, Raymundi, Willelmi, Leodegarii, Rostagni, Bertranni", donated "ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis…in territorio Avennicensi in castro…Pons Sorgie" to Cluny by charter dated 14 Feb 1063[645].  Deacon of Avignon.  "Rostagnus, episcopus Avinionis, filius Berengarii vicecomiti" donated "sita prope castellum…Forchalcherium" by charter dated to [1065/75], signed by "Raimundus et Vilelmus, Laugerius et Berengarius fratres"[646].  "…Decanus…" signed the charter dated 28 Jul 1094 under which "Raimundus…comes et Provincie marchio" granted tax exemptions to Marseille Saint-Victor, the same document recording that "Raimundus decanus" granted the same privilege[647].  "Raimundus Decanus filius Berengarii et Gisbergæ" donated property "in villa de Ragnenatis" to the church of Avignon by charter dated Jan 1096, signed by "Leodeguarius frater eius, Rostagnus Berenguarius alius frater…"[648]

-        SEIGNEURS de POSQUIERES

4.         GUILLAUME (-before Jan 1096).  "Barangarius", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Gisberge et filiorum meorum…Rostagni episcopi et Berengarii, Raymundi, Willelmi, Leodegarii, Rostagni, Bertranni", donated "ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis…in territorio Avennicensi in castro…Pons Sorgie" to Cluny by charter dated 14 Feb 1063[649].  "Rostagnus, episcopus Avinionis, filius Berengarii vicecomiti" donated "sita prope castellum…Forchalcherium" by charter dated to [1065/75], signed by "Raimundus et Vilelmus, Laugerius et Berengarius fratres"[650]Vicomte de Sisteron.  "Rostagnus et Willelmus et Leodegarius vicecomites, Rostagnus et Raymundus filii Willelmi vicecomitis" signed a charter dated to [1075/96][651]m ---.  The name of Guillaume´s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROSTAIN (-after Oct 1110).  "Rostagnus et Willelmus et Leodegarius vicecomites, Rostagnus et Raymundus filii Willelmi vicecomitis" signed a charter dated to [1075/96][652].  Canon at Avignon. 

b)         RAYMOND (-before Oct 1110).  "Rostagnus et Willelmus et Leodegarius vicecomites, Rostagnus et Raymundus filii Willelmi vicecomitis" signed a charter dated to [1075/96][653]

5.         LAUGER (-[Jan 1096/Feb 1099]).  "Berengarius" consented to the foundation of Valence Saint-Rufus by charter dated 1 Jan 1039, signed by "filii sui Rostagnus et Leodegarius"[654].  "Barangarius", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Gisberge et filiorum meorum…Rostagni episcopi et Berengarii, Raymundi, Willelmi, Leodegarii, Rostagni, Bertranni", donated "ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis…in territorio Avennicensi in castro…Pons Sorgie" to Cluny by charter dated 14 Feb 1063[655].  "Rostagnus, episcopus Avinionis, filius Berengarii vicecomiti" donated "sita prope castellum…Forchalcherium" by charter dated to [1065/75], signed by "Raimundus et Vilelmus, Laugerius et Berengarius fratres"[656]Vicomte de Sisteron.  "Rostagnus et Willelmus et Leodegarius vicecomites, Rostagnus et Raymundus filii Willelmi vicecomitis" signed a charter dated to [1075/96][657].  "Raimundus Decanus filius Berengarii et Gisbergæ" donated property "in villa de Ragnenatis" to the church of Avignon by charter dated Jan 1096, signed by "Leodeguarius frater eius, Rostagnus Berenguarius alius frater…"[658]

6.         ROSTAIN BERENGER (-[Jun 1101/Jun 1105]).  "Barangarius", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Gisberge et filiorum meorum…Rostagni episcopi et Berengarii, Raymundi, Willelmi, Leodegarii, Rostagni, Bertranni", donated "ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis…in territorio Avennicensi in castro…Pons Sorgie" to Cluny by charter dated 14 Feb 1063[659].  "Rostagnus, episcopus Avinionis, filius Berengarii vicecomiti" donated "sita prope castellum…Forchalcherium" by charter dated to [1065/75], signed by "Raimundus et Vilelmus, Laugerius et Berengarius fratres"[660].  "Raimundus Decanus filius Berengarii et Gisbergæ" donated property "in villa de Ragnenatis" to the church of Avignon by charter dated Jan 1096, signed by "Leodeguarius frater eius, Rostagnus Berenguarius alius frater…"[661]Vicomte d´Avignon.  "Rostagnus Berengarii et uxor mea…Hermensendis filii mei Forojuliensis episcopus Berengarius et vicecomes Gausfredus et Bertrannus et Raimundus et Petrus Berengarii" donated property to the church of Avignon by charter dated Jun 1101[662]m ERMESINDE, daughter of --- (-after Jun 1101).  "Rostagnus filius Barangarii et uxor mea Ermesens" confirmed donations to Saint-André-lès-Avignon by charter dated 1075[663].  "Rostagnus Berengarii et uxor mea…Hermensendis filii mei Forojuliensis episcopus Berengarius et vicecomes Gausfredus et Bertrannus et Raimundus et Petrus Berengarii" donated property to the church of Avignon by charter dated Jun 1101[664].  "Ermensenz mulier Rostagno Berenguerio" swore homage to "Adalax comitissa filia Adalax comitissa" by undated charter[665].  Rostain & his wife had five children: 

a)         GEOFFROY (-after 1146).  "Rostagnus Berengarii et uxor mea…Hermensendis filii mei Forojuliensis episcopus Berengarius et vicecomes Gausfredus et Bertrannus et Raimundus et Petrus Berengarii" donated property to the church of Avignon by charter dated Jun 1101[666]Vicomte d´Avignon.  "Gaufredus vicecomes et…filii eius…Berengarius et…Guillelmus Berengarii" are named in a charter dated to [1123/42][667]m ---.  The name of Geoffroy´s wife is not known.  Geoffroy & his wife had two children: 

i)          BERENGER (-before Apr 1195).  "Gaufredus vicecomes et…filii eius…Berengarius et…Guillelmus Berengarii" are named in a charter dated to [1123/42][668]Vicomte d´Avignonm ---.  The name of Berenger´s wife is not known.  Berenger & his wife had one child: 

(a)       BERENGER du Pont (-after 23 Feb 1218).  "Berengarius de Ponte filius Berengarii vicecomitis filii quondam Gaufredi vicecomitis" confirmed his father´s and grandfather´s homage to the bishop of Avignon by charter dated Apr 1195[669].  Ancestor of the family du Pont[670]

ii)         GUILLAUME BERENGER .  "Gaufredus vicecomes et…filii eius…Berengarius et…Guillelmus Berengarii" are named in a charter dated to [1123/42][671]

b)         BERENGER (-5 Jul 1131).  "Rostagnus Berengarii et uxor mea…Hermensendis filii mei Forojuliensis episcopus Berengarius et vicecomes Gausfredus et Bertrannus et Raimundus et Petrus Berengarii" donated property to the church of Avignon by charter dated Jun 1101[672].  Bishop of Fréjus. 

c)         BERTRAND (-after Jun 1101).  "Rostagnus Berengarii et uxor mea…Hermensendis filii mei Forojuliensis episcopus Berengarius et vicecomes Gausfredus et Bertrannus et Raimundus et Petrus Berengarii" donated property to the church of Avignon by charter dated Jun 1101[673]

d)         RAYMOND (-after Jun 1101).  "Rostagnus Berengarii et uxor mea…Hermensendis filii mei Forojuliensis episcopus Berengarius et vicecomes Gausfredus et Bertrannus et Raimundus et Petrus Berengarii" donated property to the church of Avignon by charter dated Jun 1101[674]

e)         PIERRE BERENGER (-after 27 Apr 1153).  "Rostagnus Berengarii et uxor mea…Hermensendis filii mei Forojuliensis episcopus Berengarius et vicecomes Gausfredus et Bertrannus et Raimundus et Petrus Berengarii" donated property to the church of Avignon by charter dated Jun 1101[675]

7.         BERTRAND .  "Barangarius", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Gisberge et filiorum meorum…Rostagni episcopi et Berengarii, Raymundi, Willelmi, Leodegarii, Rostagni, Bertranni", donated "ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis…in territorio Avennicensi in castro…Pons Sorgie" to Cluny by charter dated 14 Feb 1063[676]

 

 

1.         MIRON (-[15 Sep 1003/11 May 1004]).  "Miro et conjux mea Odila" donated property to Saint-Pons by charter dated 9 Dec 999 at Lurs[677].  "…Domni Mironi…" is named in a charter at Nice dated 22 Aug 1002[678].  A charter dated 15 Sep 1003 names "…Mironi vel uxore sua Odila…"[679]m as her first husband, ODILE, daughter of ---.  "Miro et conjux mea Odila" donated property to Saint-Pons by charter dated 9 Dec 999 at Lurs[680].  A charter dated 15 Sep 1003 names "…Mironi vel uxore sua Odila…"[681].  She married secondly (before 30 Dec 1010) Laugier.  "Loger et Hodila et Pontius…episcopus et Mironi" donated property to the church at Nice, for the soul of "domni Mironi qui fuit quondam", by charter dated 30 Nov 1011[682].   Miro & his wife had five children: 

a)         PONS (-29 May 1030).  "Loger et Hodila et Pontius…episcopus et Mironi" donated property to the church at Nice, for the soul of "domni Mironi qui fuit quondam", by charter dated 30 Nov 1011[683].   "Poncius…episcopus" donated property to the church at Nice, for the souls of "ienitore meo Mirone et genitrice mea Odila et germano meo Mirone et Guilielmo", by charter dated Mar 1018[684].   Bishop of Nice 1011. 

b)         BERMOND .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

c)         MIRON (-after 1044).  The undated charter of Rostain Bishop of Avignon (see above) confirms that Miro was his "avunculus", maternal uncle if the term is used precisely.  "Loger et Hodila et Pontius…episcopus et Mironi" donated property to the church at Nice, for the soul of "domni Mironi qui fuit quondam", by charter dated 30 Nov 1011[685].   "Poncius…episcopus" donated property to the church at Nice, for the souls of "ienitore meo Mirone et genitrice mea Odila et germano meo Mirone et Guilielmo", by charter dated Mar 1018[686].   "Miro vicecomes Sistericensis, frater Raimbaldi" donated property "in comitatu Cimelensi sive Niciensi in territorio castelli sive ville…Contenes" to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 23 Apr 1037[687].  "Bertrannus…marchio sive comes Provincie" granted property "territorio castelli…Forcalcherium" to Saint-Victor Marseille, for the soul of "genitoris mei Willelmi", by charter dated 1044, subscribed by "Berengarius vicecomes, Miro vicecomes, Raiambaldus de Nica, Rostagnus vicecomes…"[688]Vicomte de Sisteron.  "Rostagnus, sancta Avinionensis ecclesie episcopus" donated property "condaminam quam Miro, quondam avunculus meus, dederat…quam iterum iniuste possessam Berengarius frater meus" which he had recovered "post mortem fratris mei Berengarii", to Saint-Victor Marseille by undated charter[689]m LEUTGARDE, daughter of --- (-after 1042).  "Miro et uxor sua Leotguarda" donated property "in comitatu Venciense in villa…Trigantio" to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 1042[690]

d)         GUILLAUME .  "Poncius…episcopus" donated property to the church at Nice, for the souls of "ienitore meo Mirone et genitrice mea Odila et germano meo Mirone et Guilielmo", by charter dated Mar 1018[691].  

e)         GERBERGE (-after 14 Feb 1063).  Her parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son "Rostagnus…Avinionensis episcopus" donated property, previously given by "Miro quondam avunculus meus" and unjustly retained by "Berengarius frater meus", to Saint-Victor Marseille[692].  "Berengarius et uxor mea Girberga" donated property "in comitatu Vensensi…quarta pars ville…Saleta Saramanni" to Saint-Victor Marseille by charter dated 25 Oct [1040], signed by "filii eorum Rostagnus et Berenguerius"[693].  "Barangarius", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Gisberge et filiorum meorum…Rostagni episcopi et Berengarii, Raymundi, Willelmi, Leodegarii, Rostagni, Bertranni", donated "ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis…in territorio Avennicensi in castro…Pons Sorgie" to Cluny by charter dated 14 Feb 1063[694]m BERENGER Vicomte, son of ADALELME & his wife Belielde --- (-[14 Feb 1063/13 Jul 1065]). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    CAVAILLAN

 

 

 

A.      VICOMTES de CAVAILLAN

 

 

1.         NIBELUNG [I] .  Vicomte.  "Wilelmus comes" granted property "in comitatu Avenionense" to "Archimbalde filius meus clericus" by charter dated 962, signed by "Boso, comes ad vicem patris sui Wilelmi…Nevelongo vicecomite"[695]

 

2.         NIBELUNG [II] (-[1016/4 Aug 1018]).  "Nevelongus et uxor mea Theucenia…cum filiis nostris Rainaldo, Wilelmo, Leufredo" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1016[696]m TEUCINDE, daughter of ---.  "Nevelongus et uxor mea Theucenia…cum filiis nostris Rainaldo, Wilelmo, Leufredo" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1016[697].  Nibelung [II] & his wife had three children: 

a)         RAINAUD (-[1038/43]).  "Nevelongus et uxor mea Theucenia…cum filiis nostris Rainaldo, Wilelmo, Leufredo" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1016[698]Vicomte.  "Rainaldus vice chomis, Wilelmus vice comis, Leufredus vice comes" signed a charter dated 1008 under which Enguerrand Bishop of Carvaillon donated property to the church of Saint-Marcel de la Sorgue[699].  "Rainaldus et filii mei Poncius et Nevolongus et uxor mea Odila et filiis nostris" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1033[700].  "Rainaldus et filius meus Pontius" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1038, signed by "Domna Gualdrada…"[701]m firstly ---.  The name of Rainaud´s first wife is not known.  However, this marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1033, the wording of which distinguishes his two named sons from his sons born from his marriage to Odile.  m secondly ODILE, daughter of ---.  "Rainaldus et filii mei Poncius et Nevolongus et uxor mea Odila et filiis nostris" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1033[702].  Rainaud & his first wife had two children: 

i)          PONS (-after 1043).  "Poncius filius Rainaldi et uxor mea Gotholen" confirmed donations of "ecclesie sancte Perpetue" and donated his part of "ecclesia sancti Petri de villa Bruniola" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated to [1025][703].  "Rainaldus et filii mei Poncius et Nevolongus et uxor mea Odila et filiis nostris" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1033[704].  "Rainaldus et filius meus Pontius" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1038, signed by "Domna Gualdrada…"[705].  "Pontius filius Rainaldi" donated his share in "ecclesia sancti Petri de villa Bruniola" inherited from "patre vel avunculo meo Guilelmo et filiis suis" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1043[706]m GOTHOLEN, daughter of ---.  "Poncius filius Rainaldi et uxor mea Gotholen" confirmed donations of "ecclesie sancte Perpetue" and donated his part of "ecclesia sancti Petri de villa Bruniola" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated to [1025][707]

ii)         NIBELUNG .  "Rainaldus et filii mei Poncius et Nevolongus et uxor mea Odila et filiis nostris" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1033[708]

Rainaud & his second wife had [---] children: 

iii)        sons .  "Rainaldus et filii mei Poncius et Nevolongus et uxor mea Odila et filiis nostris" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1033[709]

b)         GUILLAUME .  "Nevelongus et uxor mea Theucenia…cum filiis nostris Rainaldo, Wilelmo, Leufredo" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1016[710]Vicomte.  "Rainaldus vice chomis, Wilelmus vice comis, Leufredus vice comes" signed a charter dated 1008 under which Enguerrand Bishop of Carvaillon donated property to the church of Saint-Marcel de la Sorgue[711].  "Pontius filius Rainaldi" donated his share in "ecclesia sancti Petri de villa Bruniola" inherited from "patre vel avunculo meo Guilelmo et filiis suis" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1043[712]

c)         LEUFREY .  "Nevelongus et uxor mea Theucenia…cum filiis nostris Rainaldo, Wilelmo, Leufredo" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1016[713]Vicomte.  "Rainaldus vice chomis, Wilelmus vice comis, Leufredus vice comes" signed a charter dated 1008 under which Enguerrand Bishop of Carvaillon donated property to the church of Saint-Marcel de la Sorgue[714]

3.         ENGUERRAND (-after 1016).  Bishop of Cavaillon 979.  "Ingilrannus episcopus" donated his part in property "in villa…Bruniola" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated to [1012][715].  "Ingilrannus et fideli mea…Adalgude" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1016[716]Mistress: ADALGUDE, daughter of --- (-1042 or after).  "Ingilrannus et fideli mea…Adalgude" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1016[717].  "…Adalgus femina et filii mei Guilelmus, Amelius, Rainaldus, Geraldus…et nepotes filiorum meorum Ripertus, Petrus" donated their shares in "ecclesie sancti Petri…in villa…Brugnola" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1042[718].  Enguerrand had four illegitimate children by Mistress (1): 

a)         GUILLAUME .  "Geraldus…Rainaldus" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated to [1012], signed by "Adalgus mater eius…Amelius, Wilelmus…"[719].  "…Adalgus femina et filii mei Guilelmus, Amelius, Rainaldus, Geraldus…et nepotes filiorum meorum Ripertus, Petrus" donated their shares in "ecclesie sancti Petri…in villa…Brugnola" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1042[720]

b)         AMELIUS .  "Geraldus…Rainaldus" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated to [1012], signed by "Adalgus mater eius…Amelius, Wilelmus…"[721].  "…Adalgus femina et filii mei Guilelmus, Amelius, Rainaldus, Geraldus…et nepotes filiorum meorum Ripertus, Petrus" donated their shares in "ecclesie sancti Petri…in villa…Brugnola" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1042[722].  "Amelius filius episcopus Ingilrannus" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1044[723]

c)          RAINAUD .  "Geraldus…Rainaldus" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated to [1012], signed by "Adalgus mater eius…Amelius, Wilelmus…"[724].  "…Adalgus femina et filii mei Guilelmus, Amelius, Rainaldus, Geraldus…et nepotes filiorum meorum Ripertus, Petrus" donated their shares in "ecclesie sancti Petri…in villa…Brugnola" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1042[725]

d)         GERAUD .  "Geraldus…Rainaldus" donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated to [1012], signed by "Adalgus mater eius…Amelius, Wilelmus…"[726].  "…Adalgus femina et filii mei Guilelmus, Amelius, Rainaldus, Geraldus…et nepotes filiorum meorum Ripertus, Petrus" donated their shares in "ecclesie sancti Petri…in villa…Brugnola" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1042[727]m ---.  The name of Géraud´s wife is not known.  Géraud & his wife had two children: 

i)          AICARD (-after 2 Jun 1074).  A charter dated 2 Jun 1074 records the settlement between the abbot of Marseille Saint-Victor and "infants Geraldi qui vocatus est Episcopalis…Aicardus et Laufredus"[728]

ii)         LEUFREY (-after 2 Jun 1074).  A charter dated 2 Jun 1074 records the settlement between the abbot of Marseille Saint-Victor and "infants Geraldi qui vocatus est Episcopalis…Aicardus et Laufredus"[729]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    DIE [DIOIS]

 

 

The early history of the county of Die [Diois] is obscure.  Corresponding approximately to the present-day department of Drôme, it was located in the southern part of what was the ancient kingdom of Burgundy, north of Provence and to the east of the county of Valentinois along the eastern bank of the river Rhône.  Forming part of the territory of Boson who was elected king in 879 in opposition to the Carolingians, it became part of the marquisate of Provence which fell under the influence of the Comtes de Toulouse.  It remained technically under the jurisdiction of the Holy Roman Empire, having been part of the territory of the ancient kingdom of Burgundy which passed to the kings of Germany after the death of the last king in 1032.  Raymond de Saint-Gilles Comte de Toulouse confirmed the rights of the Comtes de Valentinois over the county of Diois in 1089.  The bishopric of Die, in the archiepiscopal province of Vienne, appears to have acquired considerable political power within the county at the expense of the counts, who were obliged to swear allegiance to the bishop in 1159.  The territory's eventual integration with the kingdom of France was signalled in 1280 when Aymar [IV] Comte de Valentinois et de Diois swore allegiance to Philippe III "le Hardi" King of France for his territories, including the county of Diois.  The late 19th century work of Canon Jules Chevalier[730] emphasises the impossibility of any satisfactory reconstruction of the family of the early counts for want of adequate surviving documentation but quotes extensively from the charters which have survived. 

 

 

1.         [ALEYRIS .  A probably spurious donation dated 5 Dec 1027 by "Bertrannus comes Fortiscalquerii et Montisfortis et Ebredunensis et Gaufredus et Guillemus fratres mei" was made with the consent of "matris nostræ dominæ Aleyris comitissæ Diensis"[731].  However, the names of the donors recall Foulques Bertrand Comte de Provence and his brothers Guillaume [IV] and Geoffroy, the sons of the later being Comtes de Forcalquier.  As shown above, their mother was Gerberge de Mâcon, wife of Guillaume [III] Comte de Provence.  m GUILLAUME Comte de Forcalquier, son of ---.] 

 

2.         PONS de DieComte de DiePonce Comte de Die and his vassal Rolland de Puy-Boson made donations to the priory of Domène by charter dated 1062[732]m ---.  The name of Pons's wife is not known.  Pons & his wife had [two] children:  

a)         [GUILLAUME de DieComte de DieHe is named in the Chronique de Verdun of Hugues de Flavigny which describes the difficulties of the church of Die in [1074][733]m ---.  The name of Guillaume's wife is not known]  Guillaume & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [ISOARD [I] de DieComte de DieThe monastery of Saint-Victor, Marseille made claims against "Ysoardo comiti" regarding "ecclesie sancta…Marie Chadurgensis" to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated to [1080], which records among other things that he "perrexit in Yspaniam contra barbaros"[734].  William of Tyre names "Isardus comes Diensis" among those who left on the First Crusade in 1096 with Robert Count of Flanders[735].  William of Tyre names "Iscardus comes Diensis" among those present at the capture of Antioch in 1098[736].] 

b)         GUILLELME de Die .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the undated charter under which "domina Vuillelma uxor domini Vuigonis de Domina, filia Pontii comitis Diensis" donated property "condaminas de Viletis" to Domène by undated charter which names "Priori de Domina domino Petro" (whose priorship is dated to [1081] to [1090])[737]m GUIGUES de Domène, son of RODOLPHE Seigneur de Domène & his wife --- (-after 1085). 

 

 

1.         JOSSERAND de Die (-before 1149).  Comte de Die.  He is recorded as deceased in charters dated 1159 and 1168 which name his wife and son[738]m BEATRIX, daughter of --- (-after 1168).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Josserand & his wife had one child: 

a)         ISOARD [II] de Die (-after 1166).  Comte de Die.  "Isoardus comes Diensis" donated property to the monastery of Durbon by charter dated 1149[739].  He refused to swear homage to Hugues Bishop of Die in 1145, the dispute being referred to the arbitration of Raymond V Comte de Toulouse who gave judgment 22 Mar 1159 in favour of the bishop[740].  This was confirmed by bull dated 28 Mar 1165 under which "Isoardus filius Jaucerandi et Beatricis" recognised the episcopal ownership of certain castles[741].  "Ysoardus comes Diensis" donated his possessions in Rioufroid and Garnaisier to the monastery of Durbon by charter dated 1149[742].  "Ysoardus comes Diensis et Petrus Ysoardi filius meus" donated the wood of Ramail to the monastery of Durbon by charter dated 1166[743]m ---.  The name of Isoard's wife is not known.  Isoard & his wife had [four] children: 

i)          PIERRE ISOARD de Die .  "Ysoardus comes Diensis et Petrus Ysoardi filius meus" donated the wood of Ramail to the monastery of Durbon by charter dated 1166[744]

ii)         [daughter .  A compilation of troubadour poetry records that "la comtesse de Die…épousa Guillaume de Poitiers et devint amoureuse de Raimbaud d'Orange"[745]m [as his first wife,] GUILLAUME de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois, son of ADEMAR Comte de Valentinois & his wife Rixende --- (-[1188/89]).] 

iii)        ROAIS de Die (-[1198]).  Heiress of the baronnie of Châtillon in Diois.  "Roais uxor Hugonis d'Ais filia Isoardi comitis" confirmed her father's donations to Durbon by charter dated 1176, which also names "frater meus Petrus Isoardi"[746]m (before 1176) HUGUES Seigneur d'Aix, son of --- (-Sep 1211 or after).  He retired to the Benedictine priory of Saint-Marcel de Die where he became a canon. 

iv)       ISOARDE de Die (-[1205]).  Heiress of the county of Die.  Raymond d'Agoult and his wife Isoarde confirmed donations made by her father Isoard and her brother Pierre-Isoard by charter dated 1184, the full text of which has not survived[747].  She placed herself under the protection of Humbert bishop of Die to whom she swore homage for all her possessions[748]m RAYMOND d'Agoult, son of ---.  He was present at the coronation of Emperor Friedrich "Barbarossa" at Arles 30 Jul 1178[749].  He exercised jurisdiction over part of the territory of the county of Die, coming into conflict with the bishop of Die concerning taxation and tolls[750].  Raymond & his wife had three children: 

(a)       RAYMOND d'Agoult .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

(b)       BERTRAND de Mison .  Didier Bishop of Die granted Bertrand de Mison, son of Isoarde, the château de Recoubeau by charter dated 31 Dec 1220, which also names his son Bertrand[751].  "Bertrandus de Misone" confirmed an agreement with "Isnardo de Entravenis fratris meo" regarding the succession of "Raymundi de Agouto quondam patris mei…[et] Ysoarde nobilis quondam matris mee" by charter dated Mar 1225[752]m ---. 

(1)       BERTRAND de Mison .  Didier Bishop of Die granted Bertrand de Mison, son of Isoarde, the château de Recoubeau by charter dated 31 Dec 1220, which also names his son Bertrand[753].  Seigneur de Recoubeau. 

(c)       ISNARD d'Entrevennes .  "Bertrandus de Misone" confirmed an agreement with "Isnardo de Entravenis fratris meo" regarding the succession of "Raymundi de Agouto quondam patris mei…[et] Ysoarde nobilis quondam matris mee" by charter dated Mar 1225[754]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  FORCALQUIER

 

 

A.      COMTES de FORCALQUIER (URGELL-BARCELONA)

 

 

The county of Forcalquier was located to the north of the county of Provence, east of the marquisate of Provence.  The comtes de Provence also held Forcalquier in the 11th century, the county being inherited by Adelaide, only daughter and heiress of Guillaume [VI] Bertrand Comte de Provence (see Chapter 3.B, above).  Adelaide married, as his second wife, Armengol [IV] Comte de Urgell and transmitted the county of Forcalquier to her son Guilhem (Guillaume) who also claimed the marquisate of Provence in opposition to the comtes de Toulouse.  His descendants are shown in Part A of this chapter.  An agreement was reached in 1125 between the Toulouse and Forcalquier families which established the boundaries between their territories.  Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" recognised the comte de Forcalquier as the direct vassal of the empire by charter dated 21 Dec 1164[755].  After the death in [1209] of Guillaume [II] Comte de Forcalquier, inheritance of the county was disputed between his grand-daughter Garsende de Sabran, wife of Alphonse II Comte de Provence, and his sister´s son Guillaume [de Sabran].  The descendants of the latter are shown in Part B of this chapter.  A settlement of the dispute was imposed by the archbishop of Aix in 1220 under which Guillaume was obliged to relinquish Sisteron and Pertuis which he had captured but allowed to retain the title comte de Forcalquier. 

 

 

GUILHEM de Urgell, son of ARMENGOL [IV] "él de Gerp" Comte de Urgell & his second wife Adelaide de Provence Ctss de Forcalquier (-Avignon 1129).  "Adalais comitissa Fulcheriensis et mater mea Adalais et filius meus Willelmus marchio Provincie" restored "mediatem…castri…Lurs" to the bishop of Sisteron by charter dated 1110[756].  Monfar names "Guillermo" as the son of Armengol [IV] by his second marriage, citing no primary source on which the statement is based, and adds that he inherited his mother´s property and was called "conde de Niza"[757].  He succeeded his mother as Comte de Forcalquier

m GERSENDE d'Albon, daughter of GUIGUES [V] Comte d'Albon & his wife Regina [Mathilde] ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1152. 

Comte Guillaume & his wife had two children: 

1.         GUIGUES de Forcalquier.  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1129/49.  He succeeded his father as Comte de Forcalquierm ---.  Comte Guigues & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Forcalquier (-before 1149).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

2.         BERTRAND [I] de Forcalquier (-[13 May] before 20 May 1151).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1149/50.  He succeeded his brother as Comte de Forcalquier.  The Obituaire of Forcalquier St Mary records the death "III Id Mai" of "Bertrandus comes"[758], which could refer either to Bertrand [I] or to his son Bertrand [II].  m JOSSERANDE de Flotte, daughter of ARNAUD de Flotte & his wife Adelaide de Comps.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Raymond Archbishop of Arles enquired into the donation of Manosque to St John of Jerusalem by Guigues de Forcalquier by agreement with Comtesse Jauceranda, widow of Bertrand, dated 20 May 1151[759].  Comte Bertrand [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         BERTRAND [II] de Forcalquier (-[13 May] 1207).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 12 Sep 1177 under which the inhabitants of Champsaur swore homage to "Forcalquerium…Guillelmum comitem filium Bertrandi comitis"[760], read together with the source quoted below which confirms that he and Guillaume were brothers.  He succeeded his father as Comte de Forcalquier.  "Villelmus comes Forcalcariensis et…Bertrandus comes fratres" made donations to the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem dated 1168[761].  The Obituaire of Forcalquier St Mary records the death "III Id Mai" of "Bertrandus comes"[762], which could refer either to Bertrand [II] or to his father Bertrand [I].  m CECILE de Béziers, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Comte Bertrand [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          BEATRIX de Forcalquier (-after 1206).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m PONCE Justas, son of ---. 

ii)         CECILE de Forcalquier (-before 1250).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m as his first wife, ROGER [II] Comte de Pallars, son of ROGER [II] Vicomte de Couserans Comte de Pallars & his first wife --- (-[1257]). 

b)         GUILLAUME [II] de Forcalquier (-[7 Oct] 1209 or after).  "Villelmus comes Forcalcariensis et…Bertrandus comes fratres" made donations to the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem dated 1168[763].  1172/1209.  He succeeded his brother as Comte de Forcalquier.  Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" recognised "Guillelmus Forcalquerii comes" as the direct vassal of the empire by charter dated 21 Dec 1164[764].  "Guillelmus…comes Forcalchariensis" confirmed donations to the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated Dec 1175[765].  The inhabitants of Champsaur swore homage to "Forcalquerium…Guillelmum comitem filium Bertrandi comitis" by charter dated 12 Sep 1177[766]"G....comes Forcalquerii, Jauceranæ feminæ filius" swore allegiance to "R...comiti Tolosano, reginæ Constanciæ filio" by charter dated 1195[767]"Willelmo…comite Forcalquerii filio dominæ comitissæ veterannæ" confirmed the marriage of "Delfino filio dominæ Beatricis…ducissæ Burgundiæ, Albonensis ac Viennensis comitissæ" and "neptem suam…filiam filiæ suæ…Beatricem" and granted her the counties of Embrun and Gap as her dowry, by charter dated [3] Jun 1202[768].  His testament is dated 4 Feb 1209[769].  The Obituaire of Forcalquier St Mary records the death "Non Oct" of "Willelmus…comes"[770]m ADELAIDE de Béziers, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Comte Guillaume [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          GARSINDE de Forcalquier (-before 1193).  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated [3] Jun 1202 under which "Willelmo…comite Forcalquerii filio dominæ comitissæ veterannæ" confirmed the marriage of "Delfino filio dominæ Beatricis…ducissæ Burgundiæ, Albonensis ac Viennensis comitissæ" and "neptem suam…filiam filiæ suæ…Beatricem"[771].  The primary source which confirms her name and her husband´s name has not yet been identified.  She was known as "Ctss" de Forcalquier, during the lifetime of her father.  m ([1178]) as his first wife, RAINON [I] de Sabran Seigneur du Caylar et d'Ansouis, son of ROSTAIN [II] de Sabran & his second wife Roscie Dame du Caylar et d'Uzès.  1155/1209. 

c)         ALIX de Forcalquier (-after 19 Jun 1219).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  She succeeded her brother in 1209 as Ctss de Forcalquierm ([1180]) GUIRAUD [II] Amic Seigneur de Châteauneuf, du Thor et de Jonquières, son of GUIRAUD [I] Amic & his wife Galburge Dame de Châteauneuf et du Thor (-[1213]).  Constable of the Count of Toulouse in Provence 1208. 

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de FORCALQUIER (SABRAN)

 

 

GUILLAUME, son of GUIRAUD [II] Amic & his wife Alix Ctss de Forcalquier (-[1219])Comte de Forcalquier.  "W…comes Forcall" confirmed the donation of "domui de Larat" by charter dated Dec 1204[772].  "Guillaume Comte de Forcalquier et Marguerite sa femme" notified "leur oncle le duc de Bourgogne" that the renounced any rights in the succession of "Mathilde dame de Bourbon, mère de ladite Marguerite" in favour of "Guy de Dampierre" by charter dated Feb 1212[773]

m firstly (1209, repudiated) BERTRANDE de Porcelet, daughter of --- (-1227).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

m secondly (1211) as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Salins, daughter of GAUCHER de Vienne Sire de Salins & his first wife Mathilde de Bourbon (-[Mar 1258/1259]).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed, and her second marriage is indicated, by the charter dated Oct 1240 in which “Vuillelmus filius Vuillelmi de Sabrano, quondam comitis Fourchacherii” names “matris nostre Margarite, domine Branceduni, filie Gaulcheri, quondam domini Salinensis” when selling the barony of Salins to “Johanni comiti Burgundie et domino Salinensi[774].  "Willelmus comes Forcauquerii et Margareta eius uxor" notified "Blanchæ...Trecensi comitissæ palatinæ" that they renounced any rights in the succession of "matris meæ M. dominæ Borbonii" in favour of "Guidonis de Dampetra et M. dominæ Borbonii", with the consent of “domini ducis Burgundiæ”, by charter dated Feb 1211 (O.S.)[775].  She succeeded her father in 1219 as Dame de Salins.  “Margarita filia Walcheri, quondam domini de Salinis” swore homage to “consanguinei mei Stephani comitis Burgundie” by charter dated 1220[776].  She married secondly (1221) Josserand [V] Grossus Seigneur de Brancion.  She sold Salins to Hugues IV Duke of Burgundy

Guillaume & his second wife had two children: 

1.         GUILLAUME .  “Guillelmus et Galcherius, fratres Guiliermini de Fourcaquier, primogeniti filii W. de Sabrano, quondam comitis Forcalcherii” sold the barony of Salins to “Johannis comitis Burgundie et domini Salinensis” by charter dated 24 Feb 1241[777]

2.         GAUCHER .  “Guillelmus et Galcherius, fratres Guiliermini de Fourcaquier, primogeniti filii W. de Sabrano, quondam comitis Forcalcherii” sold the barony of Salins to “Johannis comitis Burgundie et domini Salinensis” by charter dated 24 Feb 1241[778]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11.  FREJUS

 

 

A.      VICOMTES de FREJUS

 

 

The county of Fréjus was bound to the east by the county of Antibe s and the Mediterranean, to the south by the county of Toulon, to the west by the county of Aix, and to the north by the counties of Riez and Glandevez[779]

 

 

1.         FRANCON [I] .  m ---.  The name of Francon´s wife is not known.  Francon & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         FRANCON [II] (-after 1036)Vicomte de Fréjus"Franco et uxor mea et filii mei" donated "in comitatu Forojuliense in villa Burnis situm" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 10 Jun 1035[780].  A charter dated 1036 records the donation by "Franco" of "ville…Burnus…in comitatu Forojuliense super fluvium Argencium"[781].  A charter dated to [1055] records the history of "villa Burnis…in comitatu Forojuliense", granted by "domnus Ysarnus" abbot of Marseille Saint-Victor to "Franconi, filio Franconis, vicecomitis Forojuliensi" and the subsequent confirmation by Abbot Marcellinus to "Wilelmi vicecomitis Forojuliensi"[782]m AIMERUDE, daughter of GUILLAUME [II] Vicomte de Marseille & his first wife Aiceline de Baux.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.     Francon [II] & his wife had --- children: 

i)          sons (-after 10 Jun 1035).  "Franco et uxor mea et filii mei" donated "in comitatu Forojuliense in villa Burnis situm" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 10 Jun 1035[783].  The number of sons is not known.  It is assumed that they died without heirs before 1057, the date of the charter under which Francon [II]´s sister donated the same property (see below). 

b)         ADALGARDE (-after 1057).  "Willelmus cognomento juvenis et uxor mea…Adalgarda et filii mei Fulco, Gaufredus, Poncius, Aicardus" donated "quartam partem villule…Burnis" to Marseille Saint-Victor, confirming the donation by "sororius meus Franco", by charter dated 1057, which also records a similar donation by "Rostagnus Raimbaldus et uxor mea…Accelena et filii mei Franco"[784]m GUILLAUME [III] Vicomte de Marseille, son of GUILLAUME [II] Vicomte de Marseille & his first wife Aiceline de Baux (-25 Jul 1085). 

c)         [AISCELINE (-after 1057).  "Willelmus cognomento juvenis et uxor mea…Adalgarda et filii mei Fulco, Gaufredus, Poncius, Aicardus" donated "quartam partem villule…Burnis" to Marseille Saint-Victor, confirming the donation by "sororius meus Franco", by charter dated 1057, which also records a similar donation by "Rostagnus Raimbaldus et uxor mea…Accelena et filii mei Franco"[785].  This charter suggests that Acelene was another daughter of Francon [I] although the relationship is not stated directly.  She is also named in the charter dated 1033 under which "Lambertus et uxor mea Austrudis, Amicus et uxor mea Ermengarda, Raimbaldus et uxor mea Gisla" donated property "in Lupum et…territorium Cagne castelli" to Lérins, signed by "Lanbertus, Amicus germani fratres, Raimbaldus et Rostagnus simul fratres et uxores illorum…Accelena uxor Raimbaldi; Leotgerius, Rostagnus, Raimbaldus, Odila et infantes sui…"[786].  It appears from this charter that either she or her husband was closely related to the Vence family who are the donors in this document but the precise relationship has not yet been identified.  m (before 1033) ROSTAIN RAMBAUD, son of --- (-after 1057).] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 12.  GAP

 

 

A.      VICOMTES de GAP

 

 

1.         --- .  m DALMATIA, daughter of --- (-after 1045).  “Petrus vicecomes Guapincensis cum matre mea Dalmatia et uxore mea Inguilberga ac filiis mei Isoardo” restored “ecclesiis S. Mariæ et S. Petri, sive S. Johannis…in comitatu Ebredunensi in villa Jugurnis” to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1045[787].  One child: 

a)         PIERRE (-after 1045).  Vicomte de GapPetrus vicecomes Guapincensis cum matre mea Dalmatia et uxore mea Inguilberga ac filiis mei Isoardo” restored “ecclesiis S. Mariæ et S. Petri, sive S. Johannis…in comitatu Ebredunensi in villa Jugurnis” to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1045[788]m ENGELBERGE, daughter of ---.  “Petrus vicecomes Guapincensis cum matre mea Dalmatia et uxore mea Inguilberga ac filiis mei Isoardo” restored “ecclesiis S. Mariæ et S. Petri, sive S. Johannis…in comitatu Ebredunensi in villa Jugurnis” to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1045[789].  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

i)          ISOARD (-after 1045).  “Petrus vicecomes Guapincensis cum matre mea Dalmatia et uxore mea Inguilberga ac filiis mei Isoardo” restored “ecclesiis S. Mariæ et S. Petri, sive S. Johannis…in comitatu Ebredunensi in villa Jugurnis” to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1045[790]

 

2.         VANQUIER .  Albert of Aix names "…Don Walkeris de Capis castello…" among those who took part in the siege of Nikaia, dated to mid-1097 from the context[791]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 13.  MARSEILLE

 

 

A.      VICOMTES de MARSEILLE

 

 

The county of Marseille lay west of the county of Toulon, south of the county of Aix, and east of the county of Arles[792]

 

 

ARLULF, son of --- (-after Mar 965).  Konrad King of Germany noted that "Arlulfus" held "in curte de Tresia…ex comitatu Marsiliacense…in comitatu Aquense" by charter dated 18 Aug 950[793].  "Miles nobilissimus…Arlulfus pater Willelmi et Aicardi" is named in a charter of Monmajour dated 12 Aug 1060[794].  "Bosoni comitis, filii Rothboldi quondam" restored property to Saint-Victor, in the presence of "virorum Arelatensium…Pontio vicecomitis, Arlulfo…", by charter dated Mar 965[795]

m ---.  The name of Arlulf's wife is not known. 

Arlulf & his wife had three children: 

1.         HONORAT (-6 Feb 977).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Bishop of Marseille 949.  "Honoratus…sancte sedis Massiliensis episcopus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 31 Oct [965/77] subscribed by "domnus Guillelmus frater suus vicecomes et uxor sua Biliildis…cum filiis suis Pontio et Guillelmo"[796].  "Pontius…Massiliensis ecclesie pontifex" names "bone memorie…domus Honoratus prefate civitatis episcopus ac frater eius domnus Guillelmus vicecomes" in his charter dated 1005 specifying that he was "filiusque suus [Guillelmus vicecomes]" and that he succeeded "avunculo suo" as bishop[797]

2.         GUILLAUME (-[15 Oct 1004/1005]).  "Miles nobilissimus…Arlulfus pater Willelmi et Aicardi" is named in a charter of Monmajour dated 12 Aug 1060[798].  "Honoratus…sancte sedis Massiliensis episcopus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 31 Oct [965/77] subscribed by "domnus Guillelmus frater suus vicecomes et uxor sua Biliildis…cum filiis suis Pontio et Guillelmo"[799].  "Pontius…Massiliensis ecclesie pontifex" names "bone memorie…domus Honoratus prefate civitatis episcopus ac frater eius domnus Guillelmus vicecomes" in his charter dated 1005[800]Vicomte de Marseille.  He became a Benedictine monk[801]m firstly BELIELDIS, daughter of ---.  "Wilelmum vicecomitem et uxorem suam Belieldem" were parties to donations with "Pontium episcopum…sedis Massiliensis ecclesiæ" dated 6 Mar 977 and 6 Feb 984[802]m secondly (before [993]) ERMENGARDE, daughter of --- (-after 13 Oct 1004).  An addition to a charter dated to [993] records that "uxori sue Ermengarde, quam postea duxit" donated property to Saint-Victor after the death of "uxore sua" (referring to "Wilelmo vicecomite"), with the advice of "Arlulfo filio suo"[803].  "Pontius presul civitatis Massiliensis eiusque genitor Wilelmus eiusdem civitatis vicecomes…uxor mea Ermengarda" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated Dec 1001, subscribed by "Ermengarda suprascripta, Astrude filia sua"[804].  "Wilelmus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 13 Oct 1004 subscribed by "…Ermengarda mulier domni Wilelmi…"[805].  Guillaume & his first wife had six children: 

a)         ARLULF (-after [993]).  An addition to a charter dated to [993] records that "uxori sue Ermengarde, quam postea duxit" donated property to Saint-Victor after the death of "uxore sua" (referring to "Wilelmo vicecomite"), with the advice of "Arlulfo filio suo"[806]

b)         PONS ([950/60][807]-Marseille 30 Mar 1015).  "Guillelmus…vicecomes…cum filiis suis Pontio et Guillelmo" are named in a charter of "Honoratus…sedis Massiliensis episcopus" dated 31 Oct 966[808].  “Pontius abba” confirmed an agreement between “Adalardum abbatem S. Victoris et Willelmum vicecomitem Massiliæ” relating to “villa Cathedræ”, by charter dated 993 which specifies that Guillaume and Pons were brothers[809].  "Pontius presul civitatis Massiliensis, eiusque genitor Wilelmus eiusdem civitatis vicecomes" jointly signed a charter dated Dec 1001[810].  "Wilelmus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 13 Oct 1004 subscribed by "…domnus Pontius episcopus, Guilelmus frater suus, Fulco, Aicardus…"[811].  "Pontius…Massiliensis ecclesie episcopus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1008 which names "progenitoribus meis Guillelmo et Bellielde"[812].  Bishop of Marseille 977-1008.  He resigned to become a monk at Saint-Victor[813]

c)         GUILLAUME [II] (-before 14 May 1050).  "Guillelmus…vicescomes…cum filiis suis Pontio et Guillelmo" are named in a charter of "Honoratus…sedis Massiliensis episcopus" dated 31 Oct 966[814].  He succeeded his father as Vicomte de Marseille

-        see below

d)         AICARD (-[after 19 Jun 1020]).  990.  "Wilelmus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 13 Oct 1004 subscribed by "…domnus Pontius episcopus, Guilelmus frater suus, Fulco, Aicardus…"[815].  "Pontius episcopus, Guillelmus frater eius, Aicardus frater eius" subscribed the charter dated 19 Jun 1020 under which "Fulco cum uxore mea Odila" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille[816].  It is unclear whether "frater eius" in this charter refers to "Pontius episcopus" or the donor.  It is clear that "Pontius episcopus" was the nephew of the donor as the latter's brother of the same name had died in 1015.  However, it is suggested that the other two subscribers were the brothers of Foulques rather than his nephew, as all other contemporary charters which name the brothers of the younger bishop Pons list all his brothers not just Guillaume and Aicard. 

e)         BILILDE (-after 13 Dec [1010]).  "Billiellis femina filia qui fui condam Guillelmi vicecomitis Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 13 Dec [1010] subscribed by "Gaufredus nepos meus"[817]

f)          FOULQUES (-after 1 Jan 1067).  "Wilelmus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 13 Oct 1004 subscribed by "…domnus Pontius episcopus, Guilelmus frater suus, Fulco, Aicardus…"[818].  "Guillelmus vicecomes Massilicensis…et frater eius Fulco" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 15 Oct 1010[819].  "Wilelmus comes Provincie conjuxque mea Girberga cum filio nostro...Wilelmo" donated "in comitatu Sisterico, intra terminos de villa…Manuasca" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1013, subscribed by “Wilelmus comes Provincie...domna Guirberga...comitissa, domnus Wilelmus eorum...soboles, Guillelmus vicecomes, Fulco frater eius, Accelena et Odila, Villelmus filius Villemi...[820].  "Guilelmus et Fulcho frater meus…vicecomites" made a donation dated 8 Jan [1014/19][821].  "Wilelmo…et Fulcone fratre eius" made a donation dated 17 Apr [1020][822].  "Guillelmus vicecomes Massilie…et frater meus Fulco" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated [1030][823].  "Poncius Massiliensis episcopus…et domnus Fulco vicecomes avunculus meus…et Guilelmus et Gozfredus fratres mei et filii eiusdem Guilelmi Fulco et Gosfredus" made a joint donation dated 1056[824].  "Fulco, Belliildis quondam filius" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1059[825].  "Pontius urbis Massilie episcopus cum domno Fulcone suo avunculo et vicecomite et cum fratribus suis…Vuilielmo, Gosfredo" confirmed the election of Bernard as abbé de Saint-Victor dated [19 May] 1065[826]m (before 23 Apr 1--5) ODILE, sister of LAMBERT Barletta, daughter of ---.  1005/[1060].  "Nos fratres Wilelmus atque Fulco una cum uxoribus nostris Accelena…atque Odila simulque cum liberis nostris Guilelmo, Poncio, Aicardo atque Fulcone" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1014[827].  The primary source which confirms her origin has not yet been identified.  "Wilelmus comes Provincie conjuxque mea Girberga cum filio nostro...Wilelmo" donated "in comitatu Sisterico, intra terminos de villa…Manuasca" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1013, subscribed by “Wilelmus comes Provincie...domna Guirberga...comitissa, domnus Wilelmus eorum...soboles, Guillelmus vicecomes, Fulco frater eius, Accelena et Odila, Villelmus filius Villemi...[828].  "Guilelmus et Fulcho frater meus…vicecomites" made a donation dated 8 Jan [1014/19] jointly with "uxores nostre Aicelina et Odila"[829].  "Fulcho et uxor mea Odila" made a donation dated 1030[830].  "Odila" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated [1060] signed by "Fulco et uxor eius" and subscribed by "Lanbertus frater Odila"[831]

Guillaume & his second wife had [one] child: 

g)         [AUSTRUDE .  "Pontius presul civitatis Massiliensis eiusque genitor Wilelmus eiusdem civitatis vicecomes…uxor mea Ermengarda" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated Dec 1001, subscribed by "Ermengarda suprascripta, Astrude filia sua"[832].  It is not clear from this document whether Austrude was Ermengarde´s daughter by Vicomte Guillaume or by an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage.  The date of Austrude´s marriage is suggested by the charter dated 13 Oct 1004 under which "Wilelmus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 13 Oct 1004 subscribed by "…Ermengarda mulier domni Wilelmi, Lambertus…"[833].  "Lambertus et uxor mea Austrus" donated property "in comitatu Aquensi in castro Cucurone" to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1017[834].  "Lambertus et uxor mea Austrudis, Amicus et uxor mea Ermengarda, Raimbaldus et uxor mea Gisla" donated property "in Lupum et…territorium Cagne castelli" to Lérins by charter dated 1033[835].  "Lambertus et uxor mea domna Austrus et filii nostri Fulco et Wilelmus" donated property two serfs to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 21 Nov 1034[836]m ([Dec 1001/15 Oct 1004]) LAMBERT de Vence "Barbeta", son of --- (-after 1041).] 

3.         AICARD .  "Miles nobilissimus…Arlulfus pater Willelmi et Aicardi" is named in a charter of Monmajour dated 12 Aug 1060[837].  977/1008.  m LEUTGARDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1008. 

 

 

GUILLAUME [II] de Marseille, son of GUILLAUME [I] Vicomte de Marseille & his first wife Belieldis --- (-before 14 May 1050).  "Guillelmus…vicescomes…cum filiis suis Pontio et Guillelmo" are named in a charter of "Honoratus…sedis Massiliensis episcopus" dated 31 Oct 966[838].  He succeeded his father as Vicomte de Marseille.  “Pontius abba” confirmed an agreement between “Adalardum abbatem S. Victoris et Willelmum vicecomitem Massiliæ” relating to “villa Cathedræ”, by charter dated 993 which specifies that Guillaume and Pons were brothers[839].  "Wilelmus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 13 Oct 1004 subscribed by "…domnus Pontius episcopus, Guilelmus frater suus, Fulco, Aicardus…"[840].  "Wilelmus comes Provincie conjuxque mea Girberga cum filio nostro...Wilelmo" donated "in comitatu Sisterico, intra terminos de villa…Manuasca" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1013, subscribed by “Wilelmus comes Provincie...domna Guirberga...comitissa, domnus Wilelmus eorum...soboles, Guillelmus vicecomes, Fulco frater eius, Accelena et Odila, Villelmus filius Villemi...[841]

m firstly (before 15 Oct 1004) AISCELINE de Baux, daughter of [PONS III] de Baux & his wife --- (-before 1019).  "Wilelmus comes Provincie conjuxque mea Girberga cum filio nostro...Wilelmo" donated "in comitatu Sisterico, intra terminos de villa…Manuasca" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1013, subscribed by “Wilelmus comes Provincie...domna Guirberga...comitissa, domnus Wilelmus eorum...soboles, Guillelmus vicecomes, Fulco frater eius, Accelena et Odila, Villelmus filius Villemi...[842].  "Nos fratres Wilelmus atque Fulco una cum uxoribus nostris Accelena…atque Odila simulque cum liberis nostris Guilelmo, Poncio, Aicardo atque Fulcone" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1014[843].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Guilelmus et Fulcho frater meus…vicecomites" made a donation dated 8 Jan [1014/19] jointly with "uxores nostre Aicelina et Odila"[844]

m secondly (before 1019) ETIENNETTE [de Baux-Rians], daughter of --- (-1055 or after).  "Vilelmus quoque vicecomes Massilie et uxor eius Stephana necnon filii illorum Poncius videl, episcopus atque fratres sui Vilelmus iuvenis et Aicardus sive Josfredus, Stephanus quoque atque Bertrannus necnon et Petrus" signed a charter dated 1039[845].  The primary source which confirms her origin has not yet been identified.  "Willelmus et uxor mea Stephana et filii mei Poncius episcopi, Willelmus atque Aicardus et Gaufredus et Bertrannus et Petrus" signed a charter dated 13 Apr 1045[846].  "Gauzfredus marchio sive comes Provincie" consented to the donation by "Guillelmus vicecomes Massiliensis et uxor mea Stephana et filii mei…Stephanus et Bertrannus et Petrus" to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1045[847].   "Petrus Wilelmi condam vicecomitis Massiliensis filius et mater mea domna Stephana et uxor mea…Theucia" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1055[848]

Guillaume [II] & his first wife had eight children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [III] (-25 Jul 1085).  "Wilelmus comes Provincie conjuxque mea Girberga cum filio nostro...Wilelmo" donated "in comitatu Sisterico, intra terminos de villa…Manuasca" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1013, subscribed by “Wilelmus comes Provincie...domna Guirberga...comitissa, domnus Wilelmus eorum...soboles, Guillelmus vicecomes, Fulco frater eius, Accelena et Odila, Villelmus filius Villemi...[849].  "Nos fratres Wilelmus atque Fulco una cum uxoribus nostris Accelena…atque Odila simulque cum liberis nostris Guilelmo, Poncio, Aicardo atque Fulcone" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1014[850].  "Guilelmus et Fulcho frater meus…vicecomites" made a donation dated 8 Jan [1014/19] jointly with "filii mei domnus videl. Pontius, Massiliensis episcopus, Guilelmus et Aicardus, Fulcho et Gauzfredus"[851]Vicomte de Marseille"Wilelmus vicecomes Massiliensis" made a donation dated 1019 jointly with "filii mei Pontius episcopus, sive Wilelmus, necnon Aicardus et Fulco, sive Joffredus"[852].  "Vuilelmus et frater meus Fulco" made a donation dated [1030] with "filiis meis domno Pontio Massiliensi episcopo et fratribus eius Vilelmo, Aicardo, Josfredo"[853].  "Guillelmus, Pontius episcopus, Aicardus, Gauzfredus, Stephanus, Bertrannus, Petrus hic omnes filii Guillelmi vicecomitis" subscribed the charter dated [1030] under which "Guillelmus vicecomes Massilie…et frater meus Fulco" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille[854].  "Vilelmus quoque vicecomes Massilie et uxor eius Stephana necnon filii illorum Poncius videl, episcopus atque fratres sui Vilelmus iuvenis et Aicardus sive Josfredus, Stephanus quoque atque Bertrannus necnon et Petrus" signed a charter dated 1039[855].  "Willelmus et uxor mea Stephana et filii mei Poncius episcope, Willelmus atque Aicardus et Gaufredus et Bertrannus et Petrus" signed a charter dated 13 Apr 1045[856].  "Poncius Massiliensis urbis episcopus, fratresque mei…Guilelmus et…Gosfredus, Aiceline quondam filii" made a joint donation dated 1055[857].  "Poncius Massiliensis episcopus…et domnus Fulco vicecomes avunculus meus…et Guilelmus et Gozfredus fratres mei et filii eiusdem Guilelmi Fulco et Gosfredus" made a joint donation dated 1056[858].  "Pontius urbis Massilie episcopus cum domno Fulcone suo avunculo et vicecomite et cum fratribus suis…Vuilielmo, Gosfredo" confirmed the election of Bernard as abbé de Saint-Victor dated [19 May] 1065[859]m ADALGARDE, daughter of FRANCON de Fréjus & his wife --- (-after 25 Jul 1085).  "Wilelmus filius Guilelmi vicecomitis Massilie uxorque mea nomine Adalgarda ac filii mei Wilelmus atque Fulco" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1 Mar 1035[860].  "Guillelmus iuvenis et uxor eius Adalgarda" signed a charter dated Jul 1048[861].  Guillaume Vicomte de Marseille & his wife Adalgarda donated property to St Victor by charter dated 18 Nov 1052[862].  "Willelmus cognomento juvenis et uxor mea…Adalgarda et filii mei Fulco, Gaufredus, Poncius, Aicardus" donated "quartam partem villule…Burnis" to Marseille Saint-Victor, confirming the donation by "sororius meus Franco", by charter dated 1057, which also records a similar donation by "Rostagnus Raimbaldus et uxor mea…Accelena et filii mei Franco"[863].  Guillaume [III] & his wife had five children: 

a)         GUILLAUME (-before 1057).  "Wilelmus filius Guilelmi vicecomitis Massilie uxorque mea nomine Adalgarda ac filii mei Wilelmus atque Fulco" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1 Mar 1035[864].  "Poncius Massiliensis episcopus…et domnus Fulco vicecomes avunculus meus…et Guilelmus et Gozfredus fratres mei et filii eiusdem Guilelmi Fulco et Gosfredus" made a joint donation dated 1056[865]m ALERENDIS, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1049. 

b)         FOULQUES (-1080 or after).  "Wilelmus filius Guilelmi vicecomitis Massilie uxorque mea nomine Adalgarda ac filii mei Wilelmus atque Fulco" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1 Mar 1035[866].  "Poncius Massiliensis episcopus…et domnus Fulco vicecomes avunculus meus…et Guilelmus et Gozfredus fratres mei et filii eiusdem Guilelmi Fulco et Gosfredus" made a joint donation dated 1056[867].  "Willelmus cognomento juvenis et uxor mea…Adalgarda et filii mei Fulco, Gaufredus, Poncius, Aicardus" donated "quartam partem villule…Burnis" to Marseille Saint-Victor, confirming the donation by "sororius meus Franco", by charter dated 1057[868]

c)         GEOFFROY (-1091 or after).  "Poncius Massiliensis episcopus…et domnus Fulco vicecomes avunculus meus…et Guilelmus et Gozfredus fratres mei et filii eiusdem Guilelmi Fulco et Gosfredus" made a joint donation dated 1056[869].  "Willelmus cognomento juvenis et uxor mea…Adalgarda et filii mei Fulco, Gaufredus, Poncius, Aicardus" donated "quartam partem villule…Burnis" to Marseille Saint-Victor, confirming the donation by "sororius meus Franco", by charter dated 1057[870].  "Gauzfredus filius Gauzfredi vicecomitis Massilie civitatis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated [1065/79] which also names "…Pontius Malnerii et frater meus Gauzfredus, consobrinius supradicti Gauzfredi…"[871].  "Josfredus vicecomes civitatis Massilie…et fratres mei Willelmus cum filiis suis Pontio Malnerio [et] Josfredo…" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 21 Jul 1079[872].  "Poncius Malnerius vicecomes Massilie et uxor mea Salomes et filii mei Willems et Fulco et…Josfredus frater Poncii Malnerii" donated revenue from "castello Vidalbano" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, by charter dated 22 Aug 1091[873]

d)         PONS Malnerius (-1093 or after).  "Willelmus cognomento juvenis et uxor mea…Adalgarda et filii mei Fulco, Gaufredus, Poncius, Aicardus" donated "quartam partem villule…Burnis" to Marseille Saint-Victor, confirming the donation by "sororius meus Franco", by charter dated 1057[874].  "Gauzfredus filius Gauzfredi vicecomitis Massilie civitatis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated [1065/79] which also names "…Pontius Malnerii et frater meus Gauzfredus, consobrinius supradicti Gauzfredi…"[875].  "Josfredus vicecomes civitatis Massilie…et fratres mei Willelmus cum filiis suis Pontio Malnerio [et] Josfredo…" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 21 Jul 1079[876].  "Poncius Malnerius vicecomes Massilie et uxor mea Salomes et filii mei Willems et Fulco et…Josfredus frater Poncii Malnerii" donated revenue from "castello Vidalbano" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, by charter dated 22 Aug 1091[877]m firstly MAINSINDA, daughter of --- .  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1049.  m secondly BURGUNDIA, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1069.  m thirdly SALOME, daughter of ---.  "Poncius Malnerius vicecomes Massilie et uxor mea Salomes et filii mei Willems et Fulco et…Josfredus frater Poncii Malnerii" donated revenue from "castello Vidalbano" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, by charter dated 22 Aug 1091[878].  Pons & his first wife had [five] children: 

i)          GUILLAUME (-1153 or after).  "Poncius Malnerius vicecomes Massilie et uxor mea Salomes et filii mei Willems et Fulco et…Josfredus frater Poncii Malnerii" donated revenue from "castello Vidalbano" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, by charter dated 22 Aug 1091[879]m --- de Besse, daughter of AUDEBERT de Besse & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 

ii)         FOULQUES .  "Poncius Malnerius vicecomes Massilie et uxor mea Salomes et filii mei Willems et Fulco et…Josfredus frater Poncii Malnerii" donated revenue from "castello Vidalbano" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, by charter dated 22 Aug 1091[880]

iii)        PONS .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1093. 

iv)       AICARD (-after 1069).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Monk at Saint-Victor, Marseille 1069. 

v)        [INGELSINDE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1021/1044.  She was mother of Pons de Bras[881]m ISNARD de Flayoac, son of --- (-before 1044).] 

e)         AICARD (-after 1057).  "Willelmus cognomento juvenis et uxor mea…Adalgarda et filii mei Fulco, Gaufredus, Poncius, Aicardus" donated "quartam partem villule…Burnis" to Marseille Saint-Victor, confirming the donation by "sororius meus Franco", by charter dated 1057[882]

2.         PONS (-18 Feb 1073).  "Nos fratres Wilelmus atque Fulco una cum uxoribus nostris Accelena…atque Odila simulque cum liberis nostris Guilelmo, Poncio, Aicardo atque Fulcone" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1014[883].  "Domnus Pontius episcopus filius eius" signed the donation of Vicomte Guillaume of an inheritance from Pons [I] Bishop of Marseille dated 1014[884].  "Guilelmus et Fulcho frater meus…vicecomites" made a donation dated 8 Jan [1014/19] jointly with "filii mei domnus videl. Pontius, Massiliensis episcopus, Guilelmus et Aicardus, Fulcho et Gauzfredus"[885].  "Wilelmus vicecomes Massiliensis" made a donation dated 1019 jointly with "filii mei Pontius episcopus, sive Wilelmus, necnon Aicardus et Fulco, sive Joffredus"[886].  "Vuilelmus et frater meus Fulco" made a donation dated [1030] with "filiis meis domno Pontio Massiliensi episcopo et fratribus eius Vilelmo, Aicardo, Josfredo"[887].  "Vilelmus vicecomes Massilie" made a donation dated 1035 with "filiis suis domno Pontio episcopo, Aicardo et Fulcone, Stephano et Bertranno"[888].  "Willelmus et uxor mea Stephana et filii mei Poncius episcope, Willelmus atque Aicardus et Gaufredus et Bertrannus et Petrus" signed a charter dated 13 Apr 1045[889].  "Poncius Wilielmi vicecomitis filius…Josfredus frater meus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1069 subscribed by "Fulcho vicecomes frater eius, Aicardus frater eius"[890].  "Pontius, Aiceline quondam filius, nunc autem Massiliensis sedis…episcopus" signed a charter dated 1047[891].  "Pontius episcopus Massiliensis" died "14 Kal Mar 1073"[892]

3.         AIMERUDE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1030.  m FRANCON [II] Vicomte de Fréjus, son of FRANCON [I] & his wife --- (-after 1036). 

4.         AICARD (-1069 or after).  "Nos fratres Wilelmus atque Fulco una cum uxoribus nostris Accelena…atque Odila simulque cum liberis nostris Guilelmo, Poncio, Aicardo atque Fulcone" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1014[893].  "Guilelmus et Fulcho frater meus…vicecomites" made a donation dated 8 Jan [1014/19] jointly with "filii mei domnus videl. Pontius, Massiliensis episcopus, Guilelmus et Aicardus, Fulcho et Gauzfredus"[894].  "Wilelmus vicecomes Massiliensis" made a donation dated 1019 jointly with "filii mei Pontius episcopus, sive Wilelmus, necnon Aicardus et Fulco, sive Joffredus"[895].  "Vuilelmus et frater meus Fulco" made a donation dated [1030] with "filiis meis domno Pontio Massiliensi episcopo et fratribus eius Vilelmo, Aicardo, Josfredo"[896].  "Guillelmus, Pontius episcopus, Aicardus, Gauzfredus, Stephanus, Bertrannus, Petrus hic omnes filii Guillelmi vicecomitis" subscribed the charter dated [1030] under which "Guillelmus vicecomes Massilie…et frater meus Fulco" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille[897].  "Vilelmus vicecomes Massilie" made a donation dated 1035 with "filiis suis domno Pontio episcopo, Aicardo et Fulcone, Stephano et Bertranno"[898].  "Aicardus et frater meus Josfredus" signed a charter dated 1036[899].  "Vilelmus quoque vicecomes Massilie et uxor eius Stephana necnon filii illorum Poncius videl, episcopus atque fratres sui Vilelmus iuvenis et Aicardus sive Josfredus, Stephanus quoque atque Bertrannus necnon et Petrus" signed a charter dated 1039[900].  "Willelmus et uxor mea Stephana et filii mei Poncius episcope, Willelmus atque Aicardus et Gaufredus et Bertrannus et Petrus" signed a charter dated 13 Apr 1045[901].  "Poncius Wilielmi vicecomitis filius…Josfredus frater meus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1069 subscribed by "Fulcho vicecomes frater eius, Aicardus frater eius"[902]m DIES, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1048.  Aicard & his wife had two children: 

a)         two daughters .  The primary source which confirms their parentage has not yet been identified.  1064/1065. 

5.         FOULQUES (-1069 or after).  "Nos fratres Wilelmus atque Fulco una cum uxoribus nostris Accelena…atque Odila simulque cum liberis nostris Guilelmo, Poncio, Aicardo atque Fulcone" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1014[903].  "Guilelmus et Fulcho frater meus…vicecomites" made a donation dated 8 Jan [1014/19] jointly with "filii mei domnus videl. Pontius, Massiliensis episcopus, Guilelmus et Aicardus, Fulcho et Gauzfredus"[904].  "Wilelmus vicecomes Massiliensis" made a donation dated 1019 jointly with "filii mei Pontius episcopus, sive Wilelmus, necnon Aicardus et Fulco, sive Joffredus"[905].  "Poncius Wilielmi vicecomitis filius…Josfredus frater meus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1069 subscribed by "Fulcho vicecomes frater eius, Aicardus frater eius"[906]

6.         GEOFFROY [I] (-1091 or after).  "Guilelmus et Fulcho frater meus…vicecomites" made a donation dated 8 Jan [1014/19] jointly with "filii mei domnus videl. Pontius, Massiliensis episcopus, Guilelmus et Aicardus, Fulcho et Gauzfredus"[907]Vicomte de Marseille.   

-        see below

7.         LEOGARDE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated Apr 1053 records a donation by "Vuilelmus, Bonifacius atque Leotgerius…filii Alfant vicecomitis atque Leotgiarda" to Marseille Saint-Victor[908]m Vicomte AUPHANT, son of ---. 

8.         GERSENDE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess of Saint-Sauveur 1073/1077. 

Guillaume [II] & his second wife had [four] children: 

9.         ETIENNE (-1045 or after).  "Guillelmus, Pontius episcopus, Aicardus, Gauzfredus, Stephanus, Bertrannus, Petrus hic omnes filii Guillelmi vicecomitis" subscribed the charter dated [1030] under which "Guillelmus vicecomes Massilie…et frater meus Fulco" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille[909].  "Vilelmus vicecomes Massilie" made a donation dated 1035 with "filiis suis domno Pontio episcopo, Aicardo et Fulcone, Stephano et Bertranno"[910].  "Vilelmus quoque vicecomes Massilie et uxor eius Stephana necnon filii illorum Poncius videl, episcopus atque fratres sui Vilelmus iuvenis et Aicardus sive Josfredus, Stephanus quoque atque Bertrannus necnon et Petrus" signed a charter dated 1039[911].  "Gauzfredus marchio sive comes Provincie" consented to the donation by "Guillelmus vicecomes Massiliensis et uxor mea Stephana et filii mei…Stephanus et Bertrannus et Petrus" to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1045[912]

10.      BERTRAND (-after 13 Apr 1045).  "Guillelmus, Pontius episcopus, Aicardus, Gauzfredus, Stephanus, Bertrannus, Petrus hic omnes filii Guillelmi vicecomitis" subscribed the charter dated [1030] under which "Guillelmus vicecomes Massilie…et frater meus Fulco" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille[913].  "Vilelmus vicecomes Massilie" made a donation dated 1035 with "filiis suis domno Pontio episcopo, Aicardo et Fulcone, Stephano et Bertranno"[914].  "Vilelmus quoque vicecomes Massilie et uxor eius Stephana necnon filii illorum Poncius videl, episcopus atque fratres sui Vilelmus iuvenis et Aicardus sive Josfredus, Stephanus quoque atque Bertrannus necnon et Petrus" signed a charter dated 1039[915].  "Willelmus et uxor mea Stephana et filii mei Poncius episcope, Willelmus atque Aicardus et Gaufredus et Bertrannus et Petrus" signed a charter dated 13 Apr 1045[916].  "Gauzfredus marchio sive comes Provincie" consented to the donation by "Guillelmus vicecomes Massiliensis et uxor mea Stephana et filii mei…Stephanus et Bertrannus et Petrus" to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1045[917]

11.      PIERRE "Saumada" (-1079 or after).  "Guillelmus, Pontius episcopus, Aicardus, Gauzfredus, Stephanus, Bertrannus, Petrus hic omnes filii Guillelmi vicecomitis" subscribed the charter dated [1030] under which "Guillelmus vicecomes Massilie…et frater meus Fulco" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille[918].  "Vilelmus quoque vicecomes Massilie et uxor eius Stephana necnon filii illorum Poncius videl, episcopus atque fratres sui Vilelmus iuvenis et Aicardus sive Josfredus, Stephanus quoque atque Bertrannus necnon et Petrus" signed a charter dated 1039[919].  "Willelmus et uxor mea Stephana et filii mei Poncius episcope, Willelmus atque Aicardus et Gaufredus et Bertrannus et Petrus" signed a charter dated 13 Apr 1045[920].  "Poncius episcopus urbis Massilie…presentibus fratribus meis Gaufredo et Petro" made a donation dated 7 Jan 1073[921].  "Petrus Saumada cognominatus Wilelmi vicecomiti filius" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated Jul 1076 which also names him as "Petrus Stephane vicecomitisse quondam filius"[922]m firstly THEUCIA, daughter of --- (-1056 or after).  "Petrus Wilelmi condam vicecomitis Massiliensis filius et mater mea domna Stephana et uxor mea…Theucia" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1055[923].  "Petri…et uxoris eius Theucia et filii eius Wilelmi" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1056[924]m secondly ([1056/66]) ODOARDA, daughter of ---.  "Petrus, Willelmi vicecomitis filius…et uxor mee Oddoara et filii mei" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1066 signed by "Petrus Saumada, Oddoara et Guilelmus et Ugo et Fulcho et Iratus et Bertrannus nos qui hanc donationem facimus"[925].  Pierre & his first wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME Amiel de Solliers (-1116 or after).  "Petri…et uxoris eius Theucia et filii eius Wilelmi" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1056[926].  "Petrus, Willelmi vicecomitis filius…et uxor mee Oddoara et filii mei" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1066 signed by "Petrus Saumada, Oddoara et Guilelmus et Ugo et Fulcho et Iratus et Bertrannus nos qui hanc donationem facimus"[927].  "Josfredus vicecomes civitatis…et fratres mei…Petrus Saumata cum filiis suis Ugone [et] Willelmo" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 21 Jul 1079[928]m SARRACINE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1097. 

Pierre & his [first/second] wife had four children: 

b)         HUGUES du Puy (-after 1117).  "Petrus, Willelmi vicecomitis filius…et uxor mee Oddoara et filii mei" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1066 signed by "Petrus Saumada, Oddoara et Guilelmus et Ugo et Fulcho et Iratus et Bertrannus nos qui hanc donationem facimus"[929].  "Josfredus vicecomes civitatis…et fratres mei…Petrus Saumata cum filiis suis Ugone [et] Willelmo" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 21 Jul 1079[930]m GARCINE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1097.  Hugues & his wife had four children: 

i)          PIERRE .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1097. 

ii)         FOULQUES (-after 1117).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  m ---.  The name of Foulques's wife is not known.  Foulques & his wife had two children: 

(a)       HUGUES .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1150/1155. 

(b)       FOULQUES .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1150/1155. 

iii)        GEOFFROY (-after 1117).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

iv)       HUGUES du Puy (-[1146]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  m HERMELINE d'Eguilles, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

c)         FOULQUES .  "Petrus, Willelmi vicecomitis filius…et uxor mee Oddoara et filii mei" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1066 signed by "Petrus Saumada, Oddoara et Guilelmus et Ugo et Fulcho et Iratus et Bertrannus nos qui hanc donationem facimus"[931].  1097. 

d)         GEOFFROY Iratus (-1097 or after).  "Petrus, Willelmi vicecomitis filius…et uxor mee Oddoara et filii mei" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1066 signed by "Petrus Saumada, Oddoara et Guilelmus et Ugo et Fulcho et Iratus et Bertrannus nos qui hanc donationem facimus"[932]m AIGLINE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1097.  Geoffroy & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUILLAUME .  1097. 

ii)         son .  1097. 

e)         BERTRAND .  "Petrus, Willelmi vicecomitis filius…et uxor mee Oddoara et filii mei" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1066 signed by "Petrus Saumada, Oddoara et Guilelmus et Ugo et Fulcho et Iratus et Bertrannus nos qui hanc donationem facimus"[933].  1097. 

12.      [ETIENNETTE [Douce] (-after 1 Apr 1080).  Szabolcs de Vajay suggests that the wife of Geoffroy [I] Comte de Provence was the daughter of Guillaume [II] Vicomte de Marseille & his second wife[934].  Raimbaud Archbishop of Arles transferred property in the presence of "Jauffredi comitis et Stephanie uxor sue" by charter dated Mar 1048[935].  "Godfredus comes Provincie et uxor mea Stephania et filius meus Bertrannus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1 Jul 1055[936].  "Gausfredus marchyo sive comes Provincie et uxor mea Stefania et filius meus Bertrannus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1057[937].  Szabolcs de Vajay suggests her second marriage[938], but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  m [firstly] (before 1040) GEOFFROY [I] Comte de Provence, son of GUILLAUME [III] Comte de Provence & his wife Gerberge de Mâcon (-[Feb 1061/62].  [m secondly ([1062/63]) BERNARD II Comte de Bigorre, son of BERNARD ROGER Comte de Couserans and (part) Carcassonne & his wife Garsenda Ctss de Bigorre ([1014]-before 24 Jun 1077)].]   

 

 

GEOFFROY [I] de Marseille, son of GUILLAUME [II] Vicomte de Marseille & his first wife Aiceline de Baux (-1091 or after).  "Billiellis femina filia qui fui condam Guillelmi vicecomitis Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 13 Dec [1010] subscribed by "Gaufredus nepos meus"[939]Vicomte de Marseille.  "Guilelmus et Fulcho frater meus…vicecomites" made a donation dated 8 Jan [1014/19] jointly with "filii mei domnus videl. Pontius, Massiliensis episcopus, Guilelmus et Aicardus, Fulcho et Gauzfredus"[940].  "Wilelmus vicecomes Massiliensis" made a donation dated 1019 jointly with "filii mei Pontius episcopus, sive Wilelmus, necnon Aicardus et Fulco, sive Joffredus"[941].  "Vuilelmus et frater meus Fulco" made a donation dated [1030] with "filiis meis domno Pontio Massiliensi episcopo et fratribus eius Vilelmo, Aicardo, Josfredo"[942].  "Guillelmus, Pontius episcopus, Aicardus, Gauzfredus, Stephanus, Bertrannus, Petrus hic omnes filii Guillelmi vicecomitis" subscribed the charter dated [1030] under which "Guillelmus vicecomes Massilie…et frater meus Fulco" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille[943].  "Aicardus et frater meus Josfredus" signed a charter dated 1036[944].  "Vilelmus quoque vicecomes Massilie et uxor eius Stephana necnon filii illorum Poncius videl, episcopus atque fratres sui Vilelmus iuvenis et Aicardus sive Josfredus, Stephanus quoque atque Bertrannus necnon et Petrus" signed a charter dated 1039[945].  "Willelmus et uxor mea Stephana et filii mei Poncius episcope, Willelmus atque Aicardus et Gaufredus et Bertrannus et Petrus" signed a charter dated 13 Apr 1045[946].  "Poncius Massiliensis urbis episcopus, fratresque mei…Guilelmus et…Gosfredus, Aiceline quondam filii" made a joint donatikon dated 1055[947].  "Poncius Massiliensis episcopus…et domnus Fulco vicecomes avunculus meus…et Guilelmus et Gozfredus fratres mei et filii eiusdem Guilelmi Fulco et Gosfredus" made a joint donation dated 1056[948].  "Pontius urbis Massilie episcopus cum domno Fulcone suo avunculo et vicecomite et cum fratribus suis…Vuilielmo, Gosfredo" confirmed the election of Bernard as abbé de Saint-Victor dated [19 May] 1065[949].  "Poncius Wilielmi vicecomitis filius…Josfredus frater meus" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1069 subscribed by "Fulcho vicecomes frater eius, Aicardus frater eius"[950].  "Poncius episcopus urbis Massilie…presentibus fratribus meis Gaufredo et Petro" made a donation dated 7 Jan 1073[951]

m RICHSINDIS [Rixende], daughter of ---.  1050.  "Gozfredus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille with the consent of "uxoris mee Rixendis et filiorum meorum…Gaudfredus, Aicardi et Ugonis, Raimundi, Pontius, Fulcho et Petrus" when "duobus filiis meis Fulcone et Petro" became monks by charter dated 1079[952]

Geoffroy [I] & his wife had eight children: 

1.         GEOFFROY (-after 21 Jul 1079).  1050.  "Gauzfredus filius Gauzfredi vicecomitis Massilie civitatis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated [1065/79] which also names "…Pontius Malnerii et frater meus Gauzfredus, consobrinius supradicti Gauzfredi…"[953].  "Gozfredus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille with the consent of "uxoris mee Rixendis et filiorum meorum…Gaudfredus, Aicardi et Ugonis, Raimundi, Pontius, Fulcho et Petrus" when "duobus filiis meis Fulcone et Petro" became monks by charter dated 1079[954].  "Josfredus vicecomes civitatis Massilie filiique mei Aichardus civitatis Arelatensis archiepiscopus, Josfredus, Ugo, Raimondus, Poncius, Fulcho, Petrus…" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 21 Jul 1079[955]

2.         AICARD (-1090).  "Gozfredus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille with the consent of "uxoris mee Rixendis et filiorum meorum…Gaudfredus, Aicardi et Ugonis, Raimundi, Pontius, Fulcho et Petrus" when "duobus filiis meis Fulcone et Petro" became monks by charter dated 1079[956].  Bishop of Arles 1089.  "Josfredus vicecomes civitatis Massilie filiique mei Aichardus civitatis Arelatensis archiepiscopus, Josfredus, Ugo, Raimondus, Poncius, Fulcho, Petrus…" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 21 Jul 1079[957]

3.         HUGUES GEOFFROY [I] (-before 13 Aug 1128).  "Gozfredus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille with the consent of "uxoris mee Rixendis et filiorum meorum…Gaudfredus, Aicardi et Ugonis, Raimundi, Pontius, Fulcho et Petrus" when "duobus filiis meis Fulcone et Petro" became monks by charter dated 1079[958]Vicomte de Marseille

-        see below

4.         RAYMOND .  "Gozfredus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille with the consent of "uxoris mee Rixendis et filiorum meorum…Gaudfredus, Aicardi et Ugonis, Raimundi, Pontius, Fulcho et Petrus" when "duobus filiis meis Fulcone et Petro" became monks by charter dated 1079[959].  "Josfredus vicecomes civitatis Massilie filiique mei Aichardus civitatis Arelatensis archiepiscopus, Josfredus, Ugo, Raimondus, Poncius, Fulcho, Petrus…" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 21 Jul 1079[960]

5.         ADELASIE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  1077. 

6.         PONS (-before 1131).  "Gozfredus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille with the consent of "uxoris mee Rixendis et filiorum meorum…Gaudfredus, Aicardi et Ugonis, Raimundi, Pontius, Fulcho et Petrus" when "duobus filiis meis Fulcone et Petro" became monks by charter dated 1079[961].  "Josfredus vicecomes civitatis Massilie filiique mei Aichardus civitatis Arelatensis archiepiscopus, Josfredus, Ugo, Raimondus, Poncius, Fulcho, Petrus…" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 21 Jul 1079[962].  "Pons de Peinier fils du Vicomte de Marseille" was excommunicated and restored rights to Bishop Raymond dated 23 Nov 1121[963]m GARREJADE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1121/1151.  Pons & his wife had four children: 

a)         GEOFFROY (-1164 or after).  "Gaufredus filius Garrejate, de Massilia" swore allegiance to Raymond Archbishop of Arles by charter dated 1155[964].  "Pontius de Podio Nigro et filius eius Gaufredus de Massilia" as well as "Gaufredus de Massilia et Hugo Gaufredi et Bertrandus fratres eius" are named in a charter dated 21 Jan 1164 recording agreements between the archbishop of Arles and the bishop of Carpentras[965]m SARDE, daughter of ---.  1165.  Geoffroy & his wife had three children: 

i)          FOULQUES .  A charter dated 1156 notes a donation by "Gaufridus vicecomes Massiliensis" to Saint-Victor, Marseille for "duorum filiorum suorum…Fulconis et Petri" who had become monks there, and names "Ugo Gaufridus, predicti Gaufridi vicecomitis filius"[966]

ii)         PIERRE .  A charter dated 1156 notes a donation by "Gaufridus vicecomes Massiliensis" to Saint-Victor, Marseille for "duorum filiorum suorum…Fulconis et Petri" who had become monks there, and names "Ugo Gaufridus, predicti Gaufridi vicecomitis filius"[967]

iii)        HUGUES GEOFFROY (-Marseille 7 Jul 1180).  A charter dated 1156 notes a donation by "Gaufridus vicecomes Massiliensis" to Saint-Victor, Marseille for "duorum filiorum suorum…Fulconis et Petri" who had become monks there, and names "Ugo Gaufridus, predicti Gaufridi vicecomitis filius"[968].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 15 Apr 1215 under which "Hugo de Baucio et domina Barrala eius uxor" confirmed an old convention from "vicecomites Massilie…Ugonem Gaufridi, dicte Barrale avum et Bertrandum fratrem eiusdem Ugonis et Ugonem Gaufridi Sardum nepotem eorum, filium Jaufridi de Massilia" to the bishopric of Marseille[969].  Seigneur d'Aubagne. 

b)         HUGUES GEOFFROY (-9 Jul 1166).  "Ugo Jaufredi filius Guerrejate…et Bertrandus de Massilia" swore allegiance to Raymond Archbishop of Arles by charter dated [1159][970].  "Gaufredus de Massilia et Hugo Gaufredi et Bertrandus fratres eius" are named in a charter dated 21 Jan 1164 recording agreements between the archbishop of Arles and the bishop of Carpentras[971]Vicomte de Marseille.  "Hugo de Baucio et domina Barrala eius uxor" confirmed an old convention from "vicecomites Massilie…Ugonem Gaufridi, dicte Barrale avum et Bertrandum fratrem eiusdem Ugonis et Ugonem Gaufridi Sardum nepotem eorum, filium Jaufridi de Massilia" to the bishopric of Marseille by charter dated 15 Apr 1215[972].  The Annales Sancti Victoris Massilienses record the death in 1166 of "Ugo Gaufredi vicecomes Massiliensis"[973]m CECILE d'Aurons, sister of IMBERT d'Aurons, daughter of --- (-before 1188).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Hugues Geoffroy & his wife had four children: 

i)          GUILLAUME [IV] "le Gros" (-30 Apr 1188).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vicomte de Marseillem LAURE de Saint-Julien, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1213.  "Giraud-Adhemar seigneur de Montélimar, Vicomte de Marseille et la vicomtesse Mabile" agreed the marriage of "leur fille Eudiarde…lorsqu'elle sera nubile" to "Raymond de Baux…son fils Bertrand" by charter dated 2 Apr 1213, which also names "Mabile…sa mère Laure"[974].  Guillaume [IV] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       MABILE (-after 1 Jun 1249, bur Monastery of Saint-Pons).  "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii et vicecomes Massilie et Mabalia eius uxor domina Montilii et vicecomitissa Massilie" confirmed a convention between Pierre Bishop of Marseille and "vicecomites Massilie…Ugonem Gaufredi, dicte Mabilie avum et Bertrandum fratrem eiusdem Ugonis et Ugonem Gaufridi Sardum nepotem eorum filium Gaufridi de Massilia" by charter dated 22 Apr 1215[975].  Vicomtesse de Marseille.  "Giraud-Adhemar seigneur de Montélimar, Vicomte de Marseille et la vicomtesse Mabile" agreed the marriage of "leur fille Eudiarde…lorsqu'elle sera nubile" to "Raymond de Baux…son fils Bertrand" by charter dated 2 Apr 1213, which also names "Mabile…sa mère Laure"[976].  The testament of "Mabile épouse de Giraud-Adhémar seigneur de Monteil, Vicomte de Marseille" is dated 1 Jun 1249, in which she requests burial "dans le monastère de Saint-Pons" and makes bequests to "Eudiarde sa fille, épouse de Bertrand de Baux seigneur de Meyrargues…sa fille Giraude…sa fille Marie religieuse au monastère de Saint-Pons…son fils Adhémar""[977]m (before 7 Mar 1201) GIRAUD Adémar [II] de Monteil, son of GIRAUD Adémar [I] de Monteil & his wife --- (-1244 or after). 

ii)         HUGUES GEOFFROY (-14/15 Jun 1199, bur Marseille Saint-Victor).  "Ildefonse I roi d'Aragon, marquis de Provence" agreed with "Hugues et Guillaume de Baux, frères" to grant half of the town of Marseille to Hugues, as promised as dowry by "Hugues-Geoffroy et Raymond son frère" for his marriage with the daughter of Hugues-Geoffroy, by charter dated Jun 1193[978]Vicomte de Marseille.  Bishop of Béziers 1184. 

iii)        RAYMOND GEOFFROY dit Barral (-13 Dec 1192).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 15 Apr 1215 under which "Hugo de Baucio et domina Barrala eius uxor" confirmed an old convention from "vicecomites Massilie…Ugonem Gaufridi, dicte Barrale avum et Bertrandum fratrem eiusdem Ugonis et Ugonem Gaufridi Sardum nepotem eorum, filium Jaufridi de Massilia" to the bishopric of Marseille[979]Vicomte de Marseille.  "R Barralus filius Cecilie" swore allegiance to Pierre Isnard Archbishop of Arles by charter dated Mar 1188[980].  "Roncelinus dominus et vicecomes Massilie scilicet monachus" made a donation to the cathedral church by charter dated 7 Jul 1215 naming "frater meus Barralus"[981].  The Annales Sancti Victoris Massilienses record the death in 1192 of "Raimundus Barralus Massiliensis vicecomes"[982]m firstly (repudiated) ALASACIE Porcellet, daughter of HUGUES Sacristan & his wife Galberge Porcellet (-after 25 Aug 1201).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Alasacie Porcellet" appointed "sa fille Barrale, femme de Hugues de Baux" as her sole heir by her testament dated 25 Aug 1201[983]m secondly as her first husband, MARIE dame de Montpellier, daughter of GUILLAUME VIII Seigneur de Montpellier & his first wife Evdokia Komnene (-Rome 21 Apr 1213).  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.  She married secondly (Montpellier 7 Dec 1197, divorced 1201) as his third wife, Bernard [IV] Comte de Comminges, and thirdly (Montpellier 15 Jun 1204) Pedro II "el Católico" King of Aragon.  "Guillelmus…Montispessulani, filius quondam Mathildis ducisse" agreed the marriage of "filiam meam Mariam" and "Bernardo, comitis Convenarum" by charter dated Dec 1197, under which Marie also agreed to renounce her rights to Montpellier in favour of "Guillelmo Montispessulani patri meo, et tibi Guillelmo filio ejus et domine Agnetis, fratri meo"[984].  However, after a revolt of the citizens of Montpellier against young Guillaume [IX], Marie recovered her inheritance 15 Jun 1204[985].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Maria Guilelmi Montepessulano filia" as wife of "rege Petro Arragonum"[986].  Raymond Geoffroy & his first wife had one child: 

(a)       BARALE (-before 23 Nov 1234).  "Hugues et Guillaume de Baux" confirmed obligations with respect to the port of Marseille with "Geoffroy de Trets, seigneur et Vicomte de Marseille", the latter offering Hugues the possibility of cancelling the obligation after his marriage with Geoffroy's daughter, by charter dated 3 Jan 1191[987].  "Ildefonse I roi d'Aragon, marquis de Provence" agreed with "Hugues et Guillaume de Baux, frères" to grant half of the town of Marseille to Hugues, as promised as dowry by "Hugues-Geoffroy et Raymond son frère" for his marriage with the daughter of Hugues-Geoffroy, by charter dated Jun 1193[988].  "Hugo de Baucio et domina Barrala eius uxor" confirmed an old convention from "vicecomites Massilie…Ugonem Gaufridi, dicte Barrale avum et Bertrandum fratrem eiusdem Ugonis et Ugonem Gaufridi Sardum nepotem eorum, filium Jaufridi de Massilia" to the bishopric of Marseille by charter dated 15 Apr 1215[989].  Vicomtesse de Marseille 1208.  m ([Jun 1193/May 1201]) HUGUES Sire de Baux, son of BERTRAND Sire de Baux & his wife Tiburge d'Orange (-[9 Apr 1239/Jul 1240]).  Vicomte de Marseille. 

iv)       ROSSELIN (-Marseille 21 Dec 1215).  "…Rocelinus vicecomes et dominus Massiliæ…" witnessed the marriage contract dated 1204 between "Maria filia quondam domini Montispessulani" and "Petro Regi Aragoniæ, et comiti Barchinonis" is dated 1204[990]Vicomte de Marseille.  "Roncelinus…vicecomes Marsilie" granted privileges to the church of Marseille by charter dated 15 Oct 1211[991].  "Le vicomte-moine Roncelin" requested absolution from Pope Innocent III by charter dated 15 Oct 1211[992].  "Rocelinus vicecomes et dominus Massilie et monasterii sancti Victoris monachus" donated property held jointly with "Ugonem de Baucio et Barralem eius uxorem, filiam quondam Barralis fratris mei, et Geraldum Ademari et Mabiliam eius uxorem, filiam quondam Guillelmi Grossi fratris mei" to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 5 Nov 1212[993].  The Annales Sancti Victoris Massilienses record the death in 1216 of "Rocelinus vicecomes Massiliensis"[994].  "Roncelinus dominus et vicecomes Massilie scilicet monachus" made a donation to the cathedral church by charter dated 7 Jul 1215 naming "frater meus Barralus"[995].  Monk at Saint-Victor, Marseille 1190/1193 and 1212/1215.  Seigneur de Gardanne 1195.  m (before 1209) LUDIARDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

c)         BERTRAND .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 15 Apr 1215 under which "Hugo de Baucio et domina Barrala eius uxor" confirmed an old convention from "vicecomites Massilie…Ugonem Gaufridi, dicte Barrale avum et Bertrandum fratrem eiusdem Ugonis et Ugonem Gaufridi Sardum nepotem eorum, filium Jaufridi de Massilia" to the bishopric of Marseille[996].  "Ugo Jaufredi filius Guerrejate…et Bertrandus de Massilia" swore allegiance to Raymond Archbishop of Arles by charter dated [1159][997].  "Gaufredus de Massilia et Hugo Gaufredi et Bertrandus fratres eius" are named in a charter dated 21 Jan 1164 recording agreements between the archbishop of Arles and the bishop of Carpentras, although it is not certain that they belonged to the family of the vicomtes de Marseille as "Pontius de Podio Nigro et filius eius Gaufredus de Massilia" are named in an earlier part of the document[998].  "Les vicomtes de Marseille Hugues Geofroi et Bertrand son frère, et leur neveu Hugues Geofroi le jeune" signed an agreement with Pierre Bishop of Marseille under charter dated 17 Oct 1165[999].  "Bertrand de Marseille et des nepotes Guillaume le Gros et Raimond Barral vicomtes de Marseille " granted exemptions to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem under charter dated Aug 1178[1000]

d)         AICARD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Provost at Marseille 1151/1182.  same person as…?  AICARD .  "Aicardus de Massilia…" subscribed the charter dated 31 Jan 1105 under which "Raymundus comes S. Aegidii" confirmed donations to the church of Arles in articulo mortis[1001]

7.         FOULQUES GUILLAUME (-1104 or after).  "Gozfredus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille with the consent of "uxoris mee Rixendis et filiorum meorum…Gaudfredus, Aicardi et Ugonis, Raimundi, Pontius, Fulcho et Petrus" when "duobus filiis meis Fulcone et Petro" became monks by charter dated 1079[1002].  "Josfredus vicecomes civitatis Massilie filiique mei Aichardus civitatis Arelatensis archiepiscopus, Josfredus, Ugo, Raimondus, Poncius, Fulcho, Petrus…" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 21 Jul 1079[1003]

8.         PIERRE GEOFFROY (-after 26 Dec 1103).  "Gozfredus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille with the consent of "uxoris mee Rixendis et filiorum meorum…Gaudfredus, Aicardi et Ugonis, Raimundi, Pontius, Fulcho et Petrus" when "duobus filiis meis Fulcone et Petro" became monks by charter dated 1079[1004].  "Josfredus vicecomes civitatis Massilie filiique mei Aichardus civitatis Arelatensis archiepiscopus, Josfredus, Ugo, Raimondus, Poncius, Fulcho, Petrus…" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 21 Jul 1079[1005].  Archbishop of Aix 1101.  He resigned to become a monk at Saint-Victor[1006]

 

 

HUGUES GEOFFROY [I] de Marseille, son of GEOFFROY [I] Vicomte de Marseille & his wife Richsindis --- (-before 13 Aug 1128).  "Gozfredus vicecomes Massiliensis" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille with the consent of "uxoris mee Rixendis et filiorum meorum…Gaudfredus, Aicardi et Ugonis, Raimundi, Pontius, Fulcho et Petrus" when "duobus filiis meis Fulcone et Petro" became monks by charter dated 1079[1007].  "Josfredus vicecomes civitatis Massilie filiique mei Aichardus civitatis Arelatensis archiepiscopus, Josfredus, Ugo, Raimondus, Poncius, Fulcho, Petrus…" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 21 Jul 1079[1008]Vicomte de Marseille

m DULCELINA, daughter of ---.  "Massilie…urbis vicecomes Raimundus Gaufredus" paid homage to Raymond Bishop of Marseille by charter dated 13 Aug 1128, naming "Dulcelina matre sua et Poncia uxore sua"[1009]

Hugues Geoffroy [I] & his wife had five children: 

1.         GUILLAUME (-[1128/56]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

2.         FOULQUES .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1091/1093. 

3.         RAYMOND GEOFFROY [I] (-before 1156).  "Massilie…urbis vicecomes Raimundus Gaufredus" paid homage to Raymond Bishop of Marseille by charter dated 13 Aug 1128, naming "Dulcelina matre sua et Poncia uxore sua"[1010]Vicomte de Marseille.  Raymond Geoffroy Vicomte de Marseille donated property to the church of Marseille by charter dated 29 May 1131 in which he names "Aicardus archiepiscopus, avunculus meus"[1011].  "Raimundus Gaufredi de Massilia, filius Dulceline" paid homage to "Petre Massilie episcope, fili Beatricis" by charter dated 13 Jun 1152[1012]m PONCIA, daughter of ---.  "Massilie…urbis vicecomes Raimundus Gaufredus" paid homage to Raymond Bishop of Marseille by charter dated 13 Aug 1128, naming "Dulcelina matre sua et Poncia uxore sua"[1013].  1128/1156.  Raymond Geoffroy [II] & his wife had three children: 

a)         GEOFFROY "de Tourves" (-1197 or after).  "Gaufredus de Massilia filius Pontie" swore allegiance to Raymond Archbishop of Arles by charter dated Mar 1159[1014].  "Geofroi de Marseille fils de Poncia" paid homage to Raymond Archbishop of Arles by charter dated Mar 1159[1015]m --- de Vins, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage and origin has not yet been identified.  Geoffroy & his wife had two children: 

i)          two sons.  1156. 

b)         HUGUES GEOFFROY [II] (-[25 Jul 1193/2 Apr 1213]).  "Hugo Gaufridi et Raimundus Gaufridi fratres vicecomites Massilie…filie Raimundi Gaufridi senioris" made a donation to Rainier Bishop of Marseille by charter dated 28 Dec 1192[1016].  Co-seigneur de Trets et de Toulon.  Imprisoned in Mallorca 1178/1185[1017]Vicomte de Marseille 1184. 

-        see below

c)         RAYMOND GEOFFROY [II] (-[1 Apr 1216/7 May 1217]).  "Hugo Gaufridi et Raimundus Gaufridi fratres vicecomites Massilie…filie Raimundi Gaufridi senioris" made a donation to Rainier Bishop of Marseille by charter dated 28 Dec 1192[1018].  Co-seigneur de Trets.  Vicomte de Marseille 1184.  "R Gaufridus…vicecomes Massilie" granted privileges to bishopric of Marseille by charter dated 22 Feb 1214[1019]m IXMILLE Marquise [de Rians], daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage and origin has not yet been identified.  1213/1216.  Raymond Geoffroy [II] & his wife had three children: 

i)          GEOFFROY "Reforzatus" (-1237 or after).  "Gaufridus Reforzatus et Bergundio eius frater filii R. Gaufridi de Tritis domini et vicecomitis Massilie" made promises to Pierre Bishop of Marseille regarding his rights over Allauch by charter dated 21 Jun 1217[1020]Vicomte de Marseille, so-seigneur de Trets.  Seigneur de Rocharon 1228.  Châtelain de Château-Réal 1231.  m ---.  The name of Geoffroy's wife is not known.  Geoffroy & his wife had one child: 

(a)       BEATRIX .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1255/1259.  m ISNARD d'Agoult-Pontevès-Entrevennes Seigneur d'Agoult.  1244/1277. 

ii)         AGNES (-before 20 Nov 1256).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Dame de Rians.  m GUILLAUME de Moustiers d'Entrevennes (-before 1221). 

iii)        BERGUNDIO dit d'Agoult ([1198]-after 1 May 1246).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vicomte de Marseille 1213.  Co-seigneur de Trets, d'Olières et de Peyrols.  m firstly (before 9 Mar 1210) ADALASIE Fer, daughter of HUGUES ANSELME Fer & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly (before 28 May 1225) MABILE d'Agoult-Entrevennes-Sault dame de Pontevès, daughter of ISNARD d'Agoult-Entrevennes & his wife Douceline de Pontevès.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Bergundio's descendants survived in the male line until the 18th century, set out in Europäische Stammtafeln[1021]

4.         ROSTAIN .  "Rostagnus eius frater…Raimundus Massilie eius frater" signed the charter of "Massilie…urbis vicecomes Raimundus Gaufredus" dated 13 Aug 1128[1022]

5.         RAYMOND (-[1128/56]).  "Rostagnus eius frater…Raimundus Massilie eius frater" signed the charter of "Massilie…urbis vicecomes Raimundus Gaufredus" dated 13 Aug 1128[1023].  Monk at Saint-Victor, Marseille. 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following family members have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

HUGUES GEOFFROY [II] de Marseille, son of RAYMOND GEOFFROY [I] Vicomte de Marseille & his wife Ponce --- (-[25 Jul 1193/2 Apr 1213]).  "Hugo Gaufridi et Raimundus Gaufridi fratres vicecomites Massilie…filii Raimundi Gaufridi senioris" made a donation to Rainier Bishop of Marseille by charter dated 28 Dec 1192[1024].  Co-seigneur de Trets et de Toulon.  Imprisoned in Mallorca 1178/1185[1025]Vicomte de Marseille 1184. 

m firstly SIBYLLE [d'Agoult], daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

m secondly ADELASIE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

Hugues Geoffroy [II] & his [first] wife had four children: 

1.         ALASACIE (-1228 or after).  "Raymond de Baux Vicomte de Marseille et son épouse Alasacie fille de feu Hugues-Geoffroy de Treis" sold property by charter dated 2 Apr 1213[1026]Vicomtesse de Marseillem (before 2 Apr 1213) RAYMOND de Baux Seigneur de Berres et d'Istres, son of BERTRAND de Baux Seigneur de Meyrargues et de Puyricard & his wife Etiennette de Baux (-[23 Jul 1235/25 Nov 1237]).  Vicomte de Marseille by right of his wife. 

2.         GEOFFROY "Gaufridet" (-after 22 Dec 1238).  Vicomte de Marseille 1200.  Co-seigneur de Trets et de Toulon.  m GUILLELME de Blacas, daughter of --- (-23 Aug 1234).  Geoffroy & his wife had one child: 

a)         SIBYLLE (-after 16 Aug 1261).  Dame de Toulon.  "Gilbert de Baux fils de feu Hugues seigneur des Baux" sold property to the prior of Saint-Gilles by charter dated 27 Feb 1241, obliging himself to obtain the consent of "Sibile son épouse et son frère Barral"[1027]m firstly (before 27 Feb 1241) GILBERT de Baux, son of HUGUES de Baux Vicomte de Marseille & his wife Barale Vicomtesse de Marseille (-[25 Jun/25 Jul] 1243).  m secondly (before 1252) BONIFACE de Castellane, son of ---.  1261. 

3.         RAYMOND GEOFFROY [III] (-Toulon 17 Oct 1234).  Vicomte de Marseille.  Co-seigneur de Trets et de Toulon.  m ---.  The name of Raymond Geoffroy [III]'s wife is not known.  Raymond Geoffroy [III] & his wife had four children: 

a)         ISNARD d'Entrevennes (-1277 or after).  Co-seigneur de Trets et de Toulon. 

b)         GAUFRIDET Reforciat (-14 Jun 1295).  Co-seigneur de Trets, de Toulon et de Cuers.  m DOUCE de la Garde, daughter of --- (-3 Aug 1296).  Gaufridet & his wife had two children: 

i)          SIBILLE (-after 16 Apr 1316).  Dame de Trets et de Revest.  m RAYMOND de Montauban, son of --- (-before 16 Apr 1316). 

ii)         BEATRIX .  Dame de Cuers.  m GUILLAUME Féraud de Glandevès, son of --- (-before 5 Jun 1316). 

c)         BEATRIX .  Nun at Manarre 1261. 

d)         CECILE .  Nun at Manarre 1261. 

4.         ROSTAN dit d'Agoult (-16 Sep 1261).  Provost at Marseille.  Canon at Toulon.  Co-seigneur de Trets et de Toulon. 

 

 

 

B.      SIRES de BAUX, VICOMTES de BAUX

 

 

1.         PONS "iuvenis" (-after [1008/09]).  "Boso comes et uxor sua Constantia…illorum filii…Willelmus comes, Rotbaldus comes, Pontius juvenis" signed the charter dated May [963] under which "Gencius et uxor mea Aiburga" donated property "in pago Aquense superiore ad castrum…Ansoyse" to Monmajour[1028].  Pons le Jeune and his son Hugues confirmed a donation to the church of Saint-Marie'd'Istres dated [1008/09][1029]m PROFECTA, daughter of ---.  A charter dated 981 refers to property adjacent to the château Balcius in the county of Arles donated to Montmajour by Pons "le Jeune" and his wife Profecte, for service rendered to their son Hugues[1030].  Pons & his wife had one child:

a)         HUGUES de Baux ([970] or before-).  A charter dated 981 refers to property adjacent to the château Balcius in the county of Arles donated to Montmajour by Pons "le Jeune" and his wife Profecte, for service rendered to their son Hugues[1031].  The type of "service" rendered is unknown, but presumably Hugues must have been above the age of infancy.  This means that it is chronologically unlikely that he was the same person as Hugues de Baux, husband of Inauris d'Apt (see below). 

 

 

1.         HUGUES de Baux (-after 15 Oct 1059).  As explained above, it is unlikely from a chronological point of view that Hugues, husband of Inauris, was the same person as Hugues, son of Pons and his wife Profecta, although it is assumed that they were related.  m INAURIS d'Apt, daughter of GUILLAUME Seigneur d'Apt & his wife ---.  Enaurs and her sons Guillaume-Hugues, Pons and Hugues, sons of Hugues donated property to the monastery of Saint-Césaire by undated charter[1032].  Hugues & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUILLAUME-HUGUES de Baux ([1030/45]-after 1091).  Enaurs and her sons Guillaume-Hugues, Pons and Hugues, sons of Hugues donated property to the monastery of Saint-Césaire by charter dated to [1026/59][1033].  Considering the dates of the documents in which their sons are named, it is unlikely that Guillaume-Hugues could have been born much earlier than [1030/45].  Guillaume-Hugues and his wife Vierne bought property from Pons de Rians and his wife Adalgarde by charter dated 1046[1034], although the dating of this charter is suspect given Guillaume-Hugues's likely birth date range.  Guillaume-Hugues donated property, previously owned by his father Hugues de Baux, to the church of Saint-Trophime d'Arles, with the consent of Vierne his wife and their sons Hugues and Raymond by charter dated 1091[1035].  A charter dated May 1110 refers to earlier donations to Lérins by "Guillelmus Ugonis et uxor eius Vierna et filiis eius Raimundus" and the current donation by "Raimundi de Balcio et mater sua"[1036]m VIERNE, daughter of --- (-after May 1110).  Guillaume-Hugues and his wife Vierne bought property from Pons de Rians and his wife Adalgarde by charter dated 1046[1037].  Guillaume-Hugues, Vierne his wife and Hugues their son donated property to the church of Arles by charter dated 1088[1038].  Guillaume-Hugues donated property, previously owned by his father Hugues de Baux, to the church of Saint-Trophime d'Arles, with the consent of Vierne his wife and their sons Hugues and Raymond by charter dated 1091[1039].  A charter dated May 1110 refers to earlier donations to Lérins by "Guillelmus Ugonis et uxor eius Vierna et filiis eius Raimundus" and the current donation by "Raimundi de Balcio et mater sua"[1040].  Guillaume & his wife had three children: 

i)          HUGUES ([1065/80]-).  Guillaume-Hugues, Vierne his wife and Hugues their son donated property to the church of Arles by charter dated 1088[1041].  Guillaume-Hugues donated property, previously owned by his father Hugues de Baux, to the church of Saint-Trophime d'Arles, with the consent of Vierne his wife and their sons Hugues and Raymond by charter dated 1091[1042].  1142

ii)         RAYMOND de Baux ([1075/85]-Barcelona 1150).  Guillaume-Hugues donated property, previously owned by his father Hugues de Baux, to the church of Saint-Trophime d'Arles, with the consent of Vierne his wife and their sons Hugues and Raymond by charter dated 1091[1043]

-         see below.  

iii)        [PONCIA de Baux ([1085/1095]-).  A charter dated 24 Feb 1114 records the marriage at Avignon of "Wilhelmus Rainoardi, Petri filius" married "Pontiam filiam Hugonis de Baucio", signed by "Wilhelmi Rainoardi, Petri Rainoardi patris, Bremundæ matris, R. de Baucio…"[1044].  It is possible that Poncia was the daughter either of Guillaume-Hugues de Baux or of the latter's son Hugues, for whom no other children have been identified.  It is assumed that "R de Baucio" was Raymond de Baux, supposed brother or paternal uncle of the bride.  m (Avignon 24 Feb 1114) GUILLAUME RENOUARD de Mezenas, son of PIERRE RENOUARD Seigneur de Mezenas & his wife Bremunda --- (-[after Jan 1163]).  A bull of Pope Calixtus II dated 21 Jun 1121 threatened excommunication against "Ildefonsus comes…Raimundi de Balcio, Elesiari de Castries, Guilelmi Rainoardi de Merenas" for having attacked the monastery of Saint-Gilles, a subsequent bull dated 22 Apr 1122 noting that Comte Alphonse had been excommunicated for the same offence[1045], Raymond de Baux and Guillaume Renouard de Mezenas being brothers-in-law assuming that the marriage shown here is correct.]    

b)         PONS .  Enaurs and her sons Guillaume-Hugues, Pons and Hugues, sons of Hugues donated property to the monastery of Saint-Césaire by charter dated to [1026/59][1046]

c)         HUGUES .  Enaurs and her sons Guillaume-Hugues, Pons and Hugues, sons of Hugues donated property to the monastery of Saint-Césaire by charter dated to [1026/59][1047]

 

 

RAYMOND de Baux, son of GUILLAUME [Hugues] de Baux & his wife Vierne --- ([1075/85]-Barcelona 1150).  Guillaume-Hugues donated property, previously owned by his father Hugues de Baux, to the church of Saint-Trophime d'Arles, with the consent of Vierne his wife and their sons Hugues and Raymond by charter dated 1091[1048].  "…Raimundus de Balcio, decanus de Poscheriis…" subscribed the charter dated 31 Jan 1105 under which "Raymundus comes S. Aegidii" confirmed donations to the church of Arles in articulo mortis[1049].  In Syria 1110.  A charter dated May 1110 refers to earlier donations to Lérins by "Guillelmus Ugonis et uxor eius Vierna et filiis eius Raimundus" and the current donation by "Raimundi de Balcio et mater sua"[1050].  Ramón Berenguer Conde de Barcelona and his wife Douce granted la seigneurie de Berre to Raymond de Baux by charter dated 1116[1051].  A bull of Pope Calixtus II dated 22 Jun 1121 threatened excommunication against "Raimundi de Bautio, Guilelmo de Sabrano, Elesiario de Castrias, Rainoni de Castlar et Guilelmo Rainoardi" if they didn't prevent Alphonse Comte de Toulouse from attacking the monastery of Saint-Gilles, a subsequent bull dated 22 Apr 1122 noting that "…Raimundum de Baltio, Guillemum de Sabrano, Elisiarium de Castriis, Guillelmum Rainoardi de Mezenees, vicecomites de Mezoaga, et Rainonem de Castlar" had been excommunicated for the same offence[1052].  Raymond de Baux and Hugues his son confirmed a donation of property to the Knights Hospitallers of St John by charter dated 29 Jun 1137, in the presence of Gilbert son of Raymond and Pierre-Isnard de Baux[1053].  He was a contender to succeed as Comte de Provence in 1145, presumably basing his claim through his wife.  "Raimundus de Baltio" swore allegiance to Raymond Archbishop of Arles by charter dated [1147][1054].  Raymond de Baux, husband of Etiennette, and his sons made peace with Ramón Berenguer II Conde de Barcelona in 1150, but died before returning to Provence, whereupon his wife and sons Hugues, Guillaume, Bertrand and Gilbert confirmed the peace agreement[1055]

m (before [1110/15]) ETIENNETTE de Gévaudan, daughter of GIRBERT Vicomte de Gévaudan et de Millau & his wife Gerberge Ctss de Provence (-after 1160).  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 4 Aug 1145 under which Emperor Konrad III granted the right to mint coinage at Arles, Aix and at their château de Trinquetaille to Raymond de Baux and Etiennette his wife, and reconfirmed his possessions acquired since the death of his father Guillaume-Hugues and all the possessions of comte Girbert and comtesse Françoise Gerberge, parents of Etiennette[1056].  The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ incorrectly names "Berengarius primogenitus…Gilbertus secundo-natus qui fuit Comes Provinciæ, Raimundus tertio-natus, et Stephana qui fuit uxor Raimundi de Bauxio" as the children of "Raymundus-Berengarii vulgo Cap-De stoupes…dictus, Comes Barcinonæ in Catalonia" & his wife[1057].  Raymond de Baux, his wife Etiennette and their son Hugues de Baux abandoned property rights in favour of the Knights Hospitallers of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated May 1121[1058].  "Raimundus de Baucio…consilio…uxoris mee Stephanie et filiorum meorum" made a donation by charter dated 1143[1059].  "Guilelmus de Sabrano…Rostagnus de Sabrano…" promised support to "Raymundo Berengarii comiti Barchinonensi et nepoti tuo Raymundo Berengarii filio fratris tui Berengarii Raymundi" against "Stephania uxor Raymundi de Baucio et Hugo filius eius et Guilelmus et Bertrandus et Gisbertus" by charter dated 1156[1060].  Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" confirmed the 1145 charter of his predecessor King Konrad I in favour of "nobles Hugues de Baux, Bertrand et Gilbert ses frères, à leur mère Etiennette", by charter dated 1160[1061]

Raymond & his wife had seven children: 

1.         HUGUES de Baux ([1110/15]-Sardinia 1179).  Raymond de Baux, his wife Etiennette and their son Hugues de Baux abandoned property rights in favour of the Knights Hospitallers of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated May 1121[1062].  The brothers Bertrand, Guillaume and Hugues de Baux granted rights to the monks of Boscodon by charter dated 1130[1063], at which date they must presumably have been young adults.  Raymond de Baux and Hugues his son confirmed a donation of property to the Knights Hospitallers of St John by charter dated 29 Jun 1137, in the presence of Gilbert son of Raymond and Pierre-Isnard de Baux[1064].  Raymond de Baux, husband of Etiennette, and his sons made peace with Ramón Berenguer II Conde de Barcelona in 1150, but died before returning to Provence, whereupon his wife and sons Hugues, Guillaume, Bertrand and Gilbert confirmed the peace agreement[1065]Sire de Baux.  "Ugo de Balcio filius Ugonis supradicti", "Ugonis" presumably being an error for "Raimondis" as no Hugues is named earlier in the document, swore allegiance to Raymond Archbishop of Arles by charter dated 1152[1066].  "Guilelmus de Sabrano…Rostagnus de Sabrano…" promised support to "Raymundo Berengarii comiti Barchinonensi et nepoti tuo Raymundo Berengarii filio fratris tui Berengarii Raymundi" against "Stephania uxor Raymundi de Baucio et Hugo filius eius et Guilelmus et Bertrandus et Gisbertus" by charter dated 1156[1067].  Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" confirmed the 1145 charter of his predecessor King Konrad I in favour of "nobles Hugues de Baux, Bertrand et Gilbert ses frères, à leur mère Etiennette", by charter dated 1160[1068].  "Hugonis de Baucio et Bertrandi fratris eius" are listed among the advisers of "Ildefonsus…rex Aragonensis, comes Barchinonensis, duc Provinciæ" in the charter dated 1167 under which the king granted "vicecomitatu de Carlades" to "Hugonem comitem Rutenensem"[1069]m ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Hugues & his wife had one child:

a)         RAYMOND de Baux (-[7 Sep 1170/1180]).  "Raymond de Baux fils de Hugues" names "Pierre de Lambesc son cousin…son oncle Bertrand de Baux…comte Raymond" in his testament dated 7 Sep 1170[1070].  He died before the document dated Apr 1180 which records discussions between Odin prieur de Saint-Gilles et Bertrand de Baux concerning the inheritance of the latter's nephew Raymond[1071]

2.         GUILLAUME de Baux ([1110/15]-).  The brothers Bertrand, Guillaume and Hugues de Baux granted rights to the monks of Boscodon by charter dated 1130[1072], at which date they must presumably have been young adults.  Raymond de Baux, husband of Etiennette, and his sons made peace with Ramón Berenguer II Conde de Barcelona in 1150, but died before returning to Provence, whereupon his wife and sons Hugues, Guillaume, Bertrand and Gilbert confirmed the peace agreement[1073].  "Guilelmus de Sabrano…Rostagnus de Sabrano…" promised support to "Raymundo Berengarii comiti Barchinonensi et nepoti tuo Raymundo Berengarii filio fratris tui Berengarii Raymundi" against "Stephania uxor Raymundi de Baucio et Hugo filius eius et Guilelmus et Bertrandus et Gisbertus" by charter dated 1156[1074].  A monk 1156. 

3.         BERTRAND ([1110/15]-[1180/81], bur abbaye de Sylvacane).  The brothers Bertrand, Guillaume and Hugues de Baux granted rights to the monks of Boscodon by charter dated 1130[1075], at which date they must presumably have been young adults.  Raymond de Baux, husband of Etiennette, and his sons made peace with Ramón Berenguer II Conde de Barcelona in 1150, but died before returning to Provence, whereupon his wife and sons Hugues, Guillaume, Bertrand and Gilbert confirmed the peace agreement[1076].  "Guilelmus de Sabrano…Rostagnus de Sabrano…" promised support to "Raymundo Berengarii comiti Barchinonensi et nepoti tuo Raymundo Berengarii filio fratris tui Berengarii Raymundi" against "Stephania uxor Raymundi de Baucio et Hugo filius eius et Guilelmus et Bertrandus et Gisbertus" by charter dated 1156[1077].  Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" confirmed the 1145 charter of his predecessor King Konrad I in favour of "nobles Hugues de Baux, Bertrand et Gilbert ses frères, à leur mère Etiennette", by charter dated 1160[1078].  "Hugonis de Baucio et Bertrandi fratris eius" are listed among the advisers of "Ildefonsus…rex Aragonensis, comes Barchinonensis, duc Provinciæ" in the charter dated 1167 under which the king granted "vicecomitatu de Carlades" to "Hugonem comitem Rutenensem"[1079]Sire de Baux.  Prince d'Orange. 

-        PRINCES d'ORANGE

4.         GILBERT de Baux (-after 1160).  Raymond de Baux and Hugues his son confirmed a donation of property to the Knights Hospitallers of St John by charter dated 29 Jun 1137, in the presence of Gilbert son of Raymond and Pierre-Isnard de Baux[1080].  Raymond de Baux, husband of Etiennette, and his sons made peace with Ramón Berenguer II Conde de Barcelona in 1150, but died before returning to Provence, whereupon his wife and sons Hugues, Guillaume, Bertrand and Gilbert confirmed the peace agreement[1081].  "Guilelmus de Sabrano…Rostagnus de Sabrano…" promised support to "Raymundo Berengarii comiti Barchinonensi et nepoti tuo Raymundo Berengarii filio fratris tui Berengarii Raymundi" against "Stephania uxor Raymundi de Baucio et Hugo filius eius et Guilelmus et Bertrandus et Gisbertus" by charter dated 1156[1082].  Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" confirmed the 1145 charter of his predecessor King Konrad I in favour of "nobles Hugues de Baux, Bertrand et Gilbert ses frères, à leur mère Etiennette", by charter dated 1160[1083]

5.         RAYMOND de Baux .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1168.  m ---.  The name of Raymond's wife is not known.  Raymond & his wife had three children: 

a)         RAYMOND de Baux .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1166

b)         GUILLAUME de Baux .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1166

c)         BERTRAND de Baux .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1166. 

6.         [ALASACIE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Pierre de Lambesc donated property to the archbishop of Arles, with the consent of his wife Alasacie, his sons Pons, Pierre and Raymond, his brother Hugues, and Raymond de Baux, by charter dated 1143[1084]m PIERRE de Lambesc, son of ---.] 

7.         MATELLE de Baux (-after Oct 1175).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Oct 1175 by which Alfonso II King of Aragon granted the val d´Aran to "Centullo comiti de Bigorra et uxori vestræ…Matellæ consanguineæ meæ"[1085].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and first marriage has not yet been identified.  m firstly ([1145]) PIERRE Vicomte de Bearn et de Brulhois, son of PIERRE de Gabarret & his wife Guiscarde de Béarn (-1150).  m secondly ([1155]) CENTULE Comte de Bigorre, son of PIERRE [I] de Marsan & his wife Beatrix Ctss de Bigorre (-1178). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 14.  NICE

 

 

The county of Nice was bound to the east by the river Roya which separated it from the bishopric of Vintimille, to the south by the Mediterranean, to the west by the river Tinée, which separated it from the county of Glandevez, and the river Var, which separated it from the county of Vence, and to the north by the bishoprics of Saluces and Mondovi[1086]

 

 

 

A.      MONACO (GRIMALDI)

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

CARLO [I] Grimaldi, son of RANIERO [I] Grimaldi & his wife [Margherita Ruffo dei Conti di Sinipoli/Andriola Grillo] (-1357).  He recaptured Monaco in 1331, and retained possession until his death.  Signor di Monaco.  Fought in Brittany 1341-1343.  He acquired the Seigneurie de Menton in 1346. 

m LUCCHINETTA Spinola, daughter of GERARDO Spinola Signore di Dertona & his wife ---. 

Carlo & his wife had seven children: 

1.         RANIERI [II] (Genoa 1350-Menton 1407)Signor di Monacom firstly ILARIA di Finale, daughter of GIORGIO Finale Marchese di Noli e Finale & his wife Leonora [Venezia/Valentina] Fieschi (-Menton 1368).  m secondly ISABELLA Asinari, daughter of ---.  Ranieri & his second wife had five children: 

a)         AMBROSIO (-1422).  Signor di Monaco 1419.

b)         GIOVANNI [I] (1382-8 May 1454).  Signor di Monaco 1419.  Sole Seigneur de Monaco from 1427.  He relinquished Monaco in 1428 to Filippo Maria Visconti Duke of Milan, who restored it to him in 1435.  Imprisoned with his son by the Duke of Savoy in the castle of Moncalieri 1438 until Sep 1440.  Ceded the suzerainty of Roquebrune and ½ Menthon to the Duke of Savoy 19 Dec 1448, in return for a perpetual annuity of 200 florins.  m POMELLINA Fregoso, daughter of ---.  Giovanni & his wife had three children: 

i)          CATALANO ([1425]-Jul 1457)Signor di MonacoImprisoned with his father by the Duke of Savoy in the castle of Moncalieri 1438 until Sep 1440.  m BIANCA di Finale, daughter of GALEOTTO [I] Marchese di Noli e Finale & his wife Vannina Adorno (Finale 1432-Monaco 1458).  Catalano & his wife had three children: 

(a)       GIOVANNI (-young).

(b)       RANIERO (-young).

(c)       CLAUDINE (1451-Menton end 1515).  She succeeded her father in 1457 as Sovereign Signora di Monacom (Ventimiglia Jul 1465) LAMBERT Grimaldi co-Seigneur d'Antibes et de Menton, son of --- (1420-Menton 15 Mar 1494). 

ii)         BARTOLOMEAm PIETRO Fregoso, son of ---.  Doge of Genoa. 

iii)        CONSTANZAm ANTONIO dei Caretto Marchese di Finale, son of ---. 

c)         ANTONIOSignor di Monaco 1419.  Baron de Sainte-Demetrie.  m BLANCHE, daughter of ---.  Antonio & his wife had two children: 

i)          JACQUES .

ii)         JEANNE .

d)         GASPARDm LUCCHINETTA, daughter of ---.  Gaspard & his wife had one child: 

i)          MARIE .

e)         GRIFFETTEm LOUIS de Lascaris Seigneur de la Brigue, son of ---.

2.         GIAN FRANCESCO BATTISTA

3.         GABRIELO .

4.         CARLO .  Co-Seigneur de Menton.

5.         LANCELOTO .

6.         RUFFO .

7.         ANASTASIA (-young). 

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de ROQUEBRUNE

 

 

1.         DODON de Roquebrune (-before 6 Jun 1093).  m TUMIDIA, daughter of GANTELM & his wife --- (-after 6 Jun 1093).  "Tumidia uxor quondam Dodonis de Rocabruna et filii mei Fulco et Guigo" donated property, held by "Gantelmus quondam genitor meus cum fratribus suis in castro Barjamonis", to Lérins, in honour of "filii mei Aldeberti", by charter dated 6 Jun 1093[1087].  Dodon & his wife had three children: 

a)         FOULQUES .  "Tumidia uxor quondam Dodonis de Rocabruna et filii mei Fulco et Guigo" donated property, held by "Gantelmus quondam genitor meus cum fratribus suis in castro Barjamonis", to Lérins, in honour of "filii mei Aldeberti", by charter dated 6 Jun 1093[1088].  "Fulco Dodonis…et uxor mea Adalais et filii nostri Bertrannus, Poncius, Rainoardus, Aldebertus, Raimundus" donated property to Lérins by charter dated 27 Dec 1094[1089]m ADALAIS, daughter of --- (-after 27 Dec 1094).  "Fulco Dodonis…et uxor mea Adalais et filii nostri Bertrannus, Poncius, Rainoardus, Aldebertus, Raimundus" donated property to Lérins by charter dated 27 Dec 1094[1090].  Foulques & his wife had five children: 

i)          BERTRAND .  "Fulco Dodonis…et uxor mea Adalais et filii nostri Bertrannus, Poncius, Rainoardus, Aldebertus, Raimundus" donated property to Lérins by charter dated 27 Dec 1094[1091]

ii)         PONS (-after 1141).  "Fulco Dodonis…et uxor mea Adalais et filii nostri Bertrannus, Poncius, Rainoardus, Aldebertus, Raimundus" donated property to Lérins by charter dated 27 Dec 1094[1092].  "Raimundus de Grassa" sold "Cororis vel Aure…terram…in loco Revesti…Foraniza" to Lérins by charter dated 1141, witnessed by "Poncius de Rocabruna…"[1093]

iii)        RAINOARD .  "Fulco Dodonis…et uxor mea Adalais et filii nostri Bertrannus, Poncius, Rainoardus, Aldebertus, Raimundus" donated property to Lérins by charter dated 27 Dec 1094[1094]

iv)       AUDEBERT .  "Fulco Dodonis…et uxor mea Adalais et filii nostri Bertrannus, Poncius, Rainoardus, Aldebertus, Raimundus" donated property to Lérins by charter dated 27 Dec 1094[1095]

v)        RAYMOND .  "Fulco Dodonis…et uxor mea Adalais et filii nostri Bertrannus, Poncius, Rainoardus, Aldebertus, Raimundus" donated property to Lérins by charter dated 27 Dec 1094[1096]

b)         GUIGUES .  "Tumidia uxor quondam Dodonis de Rocabruna et filii mei Fulco et Guigo" donated property, held by "Gantelmus quondam genitor meus cum fratribus suis in castro Barjamonis", to Lérins, in honour of "filii mei Aldeberti", by charter dated 6 Jun 1093[1097]

c)         AUDEBERT (-before 6 Jun 1093).  "Tumidia uxor quondam Dodonis de Rocabruna et filii mei Fulco et Guigo" donated property, held by "Gantelmus quondam genitor meus cum fratribus suis in castro Barjamonis", to Lérins, in honour of "filii mei Aldeberti", by charter dated 6 Jun 1093[1098]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 15.  ORANGE

 

 

 

A.      COMTES d'ORANGE

 

 

1.         BERTRAND Raimbaud [de Vence], son of [1099]RAIMBAUD de Nice co-Seigneur de Vence & his third wife Adelaide --- (-[1078] or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   m firstly GILBERTE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly ADELAIDE, daughter of --- (-after 12 Oct 1103).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Bertrand & his first wife had two children:

a)         RAIMBAUD (-[1121]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte d'Orange.  William of Tyre names "Raimbaus Comte de Orange" among those who left on the First Crusade in 1096 with Robert Count of Flanders[1100].  Albert of Aix names "…Reinboldus comes de Oringis civitate…" among those who took part in the siege of Nikaia, dated to mid-1097 from the context[1101].  William of Tyre names "Rainboldus comes de Oringis" among those present at the capture of Antioch in 1098[1102].  Albert of Aix records that "comes de Oringis Reinboldus, Ludowicus de Monzuns, Lambertus filius Cononis de Monte Acuto" commanded one of the corps of men at the capture of Antioch in Jun 1098[1103]m ---.  The name of Raimbaud's wife is not known.  Raimbaud & his wife had one child: 

i)          TIBURGE (-after [1146]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and first marriage has not yet been identified.  Heiress of Orange.  Her second marriage can be deduced from the testament of Tiburge princesse d'Orange which is dated [1146?], and names Bertrand de Baux husband of her daughter Tiburge, his son Guillaume V, her son Raimbaud IV, and Adhemar de Murvieux husband of her daughter Tiburgete[1104], read together with the testament of her second husband which names the same children[1105]m firstly (before 12 Oct 1103) GERAUD Adhémar, son of ---.  m secondly (after 1118) GUILLAUME d'Omelas, son of GUILLAUME [V] Seigneur de Montpellier & his wife Ermesende de Melgueil (-before 1161).  

b)         PIERRE .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

 

 

 

B.      COMTES d'ORANGE (MONTPELLIER)

 

 

GUILLAUME d'Omelas, son of GUILLAUME [V] Seigneur de Montpellier & his wife Ermesende de Melgueil (-[8 Mar/5 Jun] 1156).  His father under his testament dated 1121 left the châteaux of Omelas, Montarnaud, Popian, Saint Pons and Mazeres to "Guillaume son second fils"[1106].  Pierre abbé d'Aniane granted property rights over Carcarez to "Guillelmo de Omelatis filio Guillelmi de Montepussulano" by charter dated 1122[1107].  The testament of Guillelmus de Omellacio”, dated 8 Mar 1156 and opened 5 Jun 1156, bequeathes “castrum de Montebaseno...villam de sancto Georgio de Cornone-sicco, et castrum de Mazernis, et castrum de Monte-Adino“ to “filiæ meæ Tiburgiæ uxori Ademari de Muroveteri“ (specifying that she should leave “castrum de Montebaseno“ to “filio suo Sicardo“ and if he dies early to “Raimundo Atoni filio suo“), “villam de Muroveteri“ to “alii filiæ meæ Tiburgæ, uxori quondam Gaufridi de Mornas“, “castro de Omellas...et castro Montis-Arnaldi...castro de Popiano et castro de Pojet et castro sancti Poncii et castro de Frontiniane et castro de Villanova...et honore de Valle...et castro de Piniano“ to “Raimbaldum filium meum“, “usumfructum honoris...de Valle“ to “matri meæ Ermesendi[1108]

m (after 1118) as her second husband, TIBURGE d'Orange, widow of GERAUD Adhémar, daughter and heiress of RAIMBAUD Comte d'Orange & his wife --- (after [1146]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and first marriage has not yet been identified.  Heiress of Orange.  Her second marriage can be deduced from the testament of Tiburge princesse d'Orange which is dated [1146?], and names Bertrand de Baux husband of her daughter Tiburge, his son Guillaume V, her son Raimbaud IV, and Adhemar de Murvieux husband of her daughter Tiburgete[1109], read together with the testament of her second husband which names the same children[1110].  In view of the dates noted below for the marriage of her daughter Tiburge to Bertrand des Baux, the date of Tiburge´s testament must be incorrect, assuming that the document is genuine. 

Guillaume & his wife had three children: 

1.         RAIMBAUD d'Omelas "le Troubadour d'Orange" (-[1173/91]).  The testament of Tiburge princesse d'Orange names Bertrand de Baux husband of her daughter Tiburge, his son Guillaume V, her son Raimbaud IV, and Adhemar de Murvieux husband of her daughter Tiburgete[1111]The testament of Guillelmus de Omellacio”, dated 5 Jun 1156, bequeathes “castro de Omellas...et castro Montis-Arnaldi...castro de Popiano et castro de Pojet et castro sancti Poncii et castro de Frontiniane et castro de Villanova...et honore de Valle...et castro de Piniano“ to “Raimbaldum filium meum[1112]Seigneur d'Omelas, de Mont-Arnaud, de Pouget et de Popian.  Seigneur d'Orange 1171.  "Raimbaud d'Orange" names "Bertrand de Baux son beau-frère, mari de Tiburge et ses enfants Guillaume, Bertrand et Hugues de Baux…Adhemar de Murvieux et aux enfants qu'il a eus de sa sœur Tiburgette" in his testament dated 1173[1113].  The property held by "Raimbaldus de Aurenga…pater eius Guillelmus de Omelacio" constituted the dowry for the marriage between "Ademarus de Muro-Veteri…neptem meam Titburgam filiam quondam majorem Raimundi Atonis, olim filii mei…" and "Guillelmo domino Montispessulani, filio quondam Mathildis Ducissæ…filio Guillelmo" by charter dated 1191[1114]

2.         TIBURGE [Tiburgette] d'Orange (-before 1173).  The contract of marriage between "Guillelmus de Omellacio…filiam meam Titburgam" and "Ademaro de Muroveteri" is dated 7 Feb 1150, and also names her “Tiburgueta[1115].  The testament of “Guillelmus de Omellacio”, dated 5 Jun 1156, bequeathes “castrum de Montebaseno...villam de sancto Georgio de Cornone-sicco, et castrum de Mazernis, et castrum de Monte-Adino“ to “filiæ meæ Tiburgiæ uxori Ademari de Muroveteri“, specifying that she should leave “castrum de Montebaseno“ to “filio suo Sicardo“ and if he dies early to “Raimundo Atoni filio suo[1116].  Dame de Monbazin.  1149/65.  She died before the 1173 testament of "Raimbaud d'Orange" which names "…Adhemar de Murvieux et aux enfants qu'il a eus de sa sœur Tiburgette"[1117]m (contract 7 Feb 1150) ADEMAR de Murviel, son of --- (-after 1191).  The testament of Tiburge princesse d'Orange names Bertrand de Baux husband of her daughter Tiburge, his son Guillaume V, her son Raimbaud IV, and Adhemar de Murvieux husband of her daughter Tiburgete[1118].  1141/1191.  "Raimbaud d'Orange" names "Bertrand de Baux son beau-frère, mari de Tiburge et ses enfants Guillaume, Bertrand et Hugues de Baux…Adhemar de Murvieux et aux enfants qu'il a eus de sa sœur Tiburgette" in his testament dated 1173[1119].  Adémar & his wife had [three or more] children: 

a)         SICARD (-young).  The testament of “Guillelmus de Omellacio”, dated 5 Jun 1156, bequeathes “castrum de Montebaseno...villam de sancto Georgio de Cornone-sicco, et castrum de Mazernis, et castrum de Monte-Adino“ to “filiæ meæ Tiburgiæ uxori Ademari de Muroveteri“, specifying that she should leave “castrum de Montebaseno“ to “filio suo Sicardo“ and if he dies early to “Raimundo Atoni filio suo[1120]

b)         RAYMOND ATON de Murviel (before 5 Jun 1156-before 1191).  The testament of “Guillelmus de Omellacio”, dated 5 Jun 1156, bequeathes “castrum de Montebaseno...villam de sancto Georgio de Cornone-sicco, et castrum de Mazernis, et castrum de Monte-Adino“ to “filiæ meæ Tiburgiæ uxori Ademari de Muroveteri“, specifying that she should leave “castrum de Montebaseno“ to “filio suo Sicardo“ and if he dies early to “Raimundo Atoni filio suo[1121]m ---.  The name of Raymond Aton's wife is not known.  Raymond Aton & his wife had two children: 

i)          TIBURGE de Murviel (-after 1199).  "Ademarus de Muro-Veteri" and "Guillelmo domino Montispessulani, filio quondam Mathildis Ducissæ" agreed the marriage between "neptem meam Titburgam filiam quondam majorem Raimundi Atonis, olim filii mei" and "Guillelmo" son of the latter, by charter dated 1191, providing as dowry the property which "Raimbaldus de Aurenga…pater eius Guillelmus de Omelacio" had held, and that Guillaume would marry "neptem meam minorem Sibyllam, filiam quondam ipsius Raimundi Atonis filii mei" in case Tiburge died before the marriage was performed[1122].  She and her sister were presumably heiresses of Orange, but died before the county passed to the descendants of Tiburge d'Orange, younger sister of their great-uncle Raimbaud d'Omelas.  "Titburga filia quondam Raimundi Atonis" renounced the marriage contract with "Guillelmus dominus Montispessulani…filium…primogenitum", signed by "Adinaro de Muro-veteri avo meo", by charter dated 1199[1123]Betrothed (1191, terminated 1199) to GUILLAUME [IX] de Montpellier, son of GUILLAUME [VIII] Seigneur de Montpellier & his second wife Ines [de Castilla] (-after 15 Jun 1204). 

ii)         SIBYLLE de Murviel .  "Ademarus de Muro-Veteri" and "Guillelmo domino Montispessulani, filio quondam Mathildis Ducissæ" agreed the marriage between "neptem meam Titburgam filiam quondam majorem Raimundi Atonis, olim filii mei" and "Guillelmo" son of the latter, by charter dated 1191, providing as dowry the property which "Raimbaldus de Aurenga…pater eius Guillelmus de Omelacio" had held, and that Guillaume would marry "neptem meam minorem Sibyllam, filiam quondam ipsius Raimundi Atonis filii mei" in case Tiburge died before the marriage was performed[1124].  She and her sister were presumably heiresses of Orange, but died before the county passed to the descendants of Tiburge d'Orange, younger sister of their great-uncle Raimbaud d'Omelas. 

c)         [other children] (-after 1173).  "Raimbaud d'Orange" names "Bertrand de Baux son beau-frère, mari de Tiburge et ses enfants Guillaume, Bertrand et Hugues de Baux…Adhemar de Murvieux et aux enfants qu'il a eus de sa sœur Tiburgette" in his testament dated 1173[1125].  The number of these other children has not yet been identified. 

3.         TIBURGE d'Orange (-after 13 Aug 1198).  The testament of Guillelmus de Omellacio”, dated 5 Jun 1156, bequeathes “villam de Muroveteri“ to “alii filiæ meæ Tiburgæ, uxori quondam Gaufridi de Mornas[1126].  As she is named after her sister also named Tiburge in this testament, it is suggested that Tiburge wife of Geoffroy de Mornaz, and later of Bertrand de Baux, was the younger sister.  The testament of Tiburge princesse d'Orange names Bertrand de Baux husband of her daughter Tiburge, his son Guillaume V, her son Raimbaud IV, and Adhemar de Murvieux husband of her daughter Tiburgete[1127].  "Tiburge dame de Baux et ses fils" abandon rights to the provost of Saint-Paul by charter dated 31 Oct 1180, which presumably indicates that her husband had predeceased this document[1128].  "Hugues de Baux", on the advice of "sa mère Tiburge", granted property to Hugues Pélissier by charter dated 13 Aug 1198[1129]m firstly GEOFFROY de Mornaz, son of --- (-before 7 Mar 1155).  m secondly (after 5 Jun 1156) BERTRAND de Baux, son of RAYMOND de Baux & his wife Etiennette de Gévaudan ([1110/15]-[1180/81], bur abbaye de Sylvacane). 

 

 

 

C.      PRINCES d'ORANGE 1171-1393 (BAUX)

 

 

BERTRAND de Baux, son of RAYMOND de Baux & his wife Etiennette de Gévaudan ([1110/15]-[Apr/31 Oct 1180], bur abbaye de Sylvacane).  The brothers Bertrand, Guillaume and Hugues de Baux granted rights to the monks of Boscodon by charter dated 1130[1130], at which date they must presumably have been young adults.  Raymond de Baux, husband of Etiennette, and his sons made peace with Ramón Berenguer II Conde de Barcelona in 1150, but died before returning to Provence, whereupon his wife and sons Hugues, Guillaume, Bertrand and Gilbert confirmed the peace agreement[1131].  "Guilelmus de Sabrano…Rostagnus de Sabrano…" promised support to "Raymundo Berengarii comiti Barchinonensi et nepoti tuo Raymundo Berengarii filio fratris tui Berengarii Raymundi" against "Stephania uxor Raymundi de Baucio et Hugo filius eius et Guilelmus et Bertrandus et Gisbertus" by charter dated 1156[1132]Prince d'Orange.  "Hugonis de Baucio et Bertrandi fratris eius" are listed among the advisers of "Ildefonsus…rex Aragonensis, comes Barchinonensis, duc Provinciæ" in the charter dated 1167 under which the king granted "vicecomitatu de Carlades" to "Hugonem comitem Rutenensem"[1133].  "Raimbaud d'Orange" names "Bertrand de Baux son beau-frère, mari de Tiburge et ses enfants Guillaume, Bertrand et Hugues de Baux…Adhemar de Murvieux et aux enfants qu'il a eus de sa sœur Tiburgette" in his testament dated 1173[1134].  A document dated Apr 1180 records discussions between Odin prieur de Saint-Gilles et Bertrand de Baux concerning the inheritance of the latter's nephew Raymond[1135].  He presumably died before the document dated 31 Oct 1180 under which "Tiburge dame de Baux et ses fils" abandon rights to the provost of Saint-Paul[1136]

m TIBURGE d'Orange, widow of GAUFRED de Mornas, daughter of GUILLAUME d'Omelas [Montpellier] & his wife --- (-after 13 Aug 1198).  The testament of Guillelmus de Omellacio”, dated 5 Jun 1156, bequeathes “villam de Muroveteri“ to “alii filiæ meæ Tiburgæ, uxori quondam Gaufridi de Mornas[1137].  As she is named after her sister also named Tiburge in this testament, it is suggested that Tiburge wife of Geoffroy de Mornaz, and later of Bertrand de Baux, was the younger sister.  The testament of Tiburge princesse d'Orange names Bertrand de Baux husband of her daughter Tiburge, his son Guillaume V, her son Raimbaud IV, and Adhemar de Murvieux husband of her daughter Tiburgete[1138].  "Tiburge dame de Baux et ses fils" abandon rights to the provost of Saint-Paul by charter dated 31 Oct 1180, which presumably indicates that her husband had predeceased this document[1139].  "Hugues de Baux", on the advice of "sa mère Tiburge", granted property to Hugues Pélissier by charter dated 13 Aug 1198[1140]

Bertrand & his wife had [five] children: 

1.         HUGUES de Baux (-[9 Apr 1239/Jul 1240])"Raimbaud d'Orange" names "Bertrand de Baux son beau-frère, mari de Tiburge et ses enfants Guillaume, Bertrand et Hugues de Baux…Adhemar de Murvieux et aux enfants qu'il a eus de sa sœur Tiburgette" in his testament dated 1173[1141].  "Hugues de Baux", on the advice of "sa mère Tiburge", granted property to Hugues Pélissier by charter dated 13 Aug 1198[1142].  Hugues de Baux swore allegiance to Ymbert d'Aiguières [Archbishop of Arles] for the château de Trinquetaille by charter dated 21 Jan [1191/92][1143].  Vicomte de Marseille by right of his wife.  "…Guillelmus de Balcio, Hugo de Balcio frater eius…" witnessed the marriage contract dated 1204 between "Maria filia quondam domini Montispessulani" and "Petro Regi Aragoniæ, et comiti Barchinonis" is dated 1204[1144]m ([Jun 1193/May 1201]) BARALE de Marseille, daughter of RAYMOND GEOFFROY dit Barral Vicomte de Marseille & his wife Adelaide Porcellet (-before 23 Nov 1234).  "Hugues et Guillaume de Baux" confirmed obligations with respect to the port of Marseille with "Geoffroy de Trets, seigneur et Vicomte de Marseille", the latter offering Hugues the possibility of cancelling the obligation after his marriage with Geoffroy's daughter, by charter dated 3 Jan 1191[1145].  "Ildefonse I roi d'Aragon, marquis de Provence" agreed with "Hugues et Guillaume de Baux, frères" to grant half of the town of Marseille to Hugues, as promised as dowry by "Hugues-Geoffroy et Raymond son frère" for his marriage with the daughter of Hugues-Geoffroy, by charter dated Jun 1193[1146].  Vicomtesse de Marseille 1208.  "Hugo de Baucio et domina Barrala eius uxor" confirmed an old convention from "vicecomites Massilie…Ugonem Gaufridi, dicte Barrale avum et Bertrandum fratrem eiusdem Ugonis et Ugonem Gaufridi Sardum nepotem eorum, filium Jaufridi de Massilia" to the bishopric of Marseille by charter dated 15 Apr 1215[1147].  Hugues & his wife had four children: 

a)         BARRAL de Baux (-[31 Jul/12 Oct] 1268 bur Sylvacane).  "Hugues de Baux" confirmed various property sales, in the presence of "Barrale et de leurs fils Gilbert et Barral", by charter dated 8 Apr 1217[1148].  "Hugues de Baux, sa femme Barrale et leurs fils Barral et Gilbert" reached agreement with the abbot of Saint-Victor concerning the monastery by charter dated 23 Jan 1221[1149].  Sire de Baux.  He went to Italy in 1253 and became an official in Milan.  Charles Comte d'Anjou appointed him podestà of his army during his conquest of the kingdom of Sicily, and later justiciar of the kingdom[1150]Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse "senescallo Venaissini" wrote to "Barralli domini Baucii et Bertrandi eius filii, militum" concerning a dispute "inter homines de Montiliis {Monteux, Vaucluse, cant. Carpentras} et de Auriolo {Loriol, Vaucluse, cant. Carpentras} ex una parte et homines de Sarriano {Sarrians, Vaucluse, cant. Carpentras} ex altera", dated 31 Jul 1267[1151]m SIBYLLE d'Anduze, daughter of PIERRE BERMOND [VI] d'Anduze Sire d'Anduze et de Sauve & his wife Constance de Toulouse (-after 9 Jun 1279).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified, although her parentage is suggested by the agreement dated 1240 between "Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse" and "Guigues Comte du Viennois" referring to the marriage of the latter to "Cécile sa nièce, fille de Barral de Baux"[1152].  Her name is confirmed by the letter dated 4 Jun 1269 from Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse relating to "castri de Carumbo, quod...tenet nobilis domina Sybilia, uxor quondam nobilis viri defuncti Barralli, domini Baucii"[1153]Barral & his wife had five children: 

i)          HUGUES de Baux (-[1251]).  His parentage is proved by the charter dated 10 Apr 1244 under which "Aymar de Poitiers III comte de Valentinois, fils de feu Guillaume et de Florie" confirmed his desire for the marriage of "sa fille Philippine" to "Hugues fils ainé de Barral seigneur de Baux", when they reached the age of puberty, or if he died to "Bertrand fils cadet de Barral"[1154]Betrothed (10 Apr 1244) to PHILIPPA de Poitiers-Valentinois, daughter of AYMAR [III] de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois et de Diois & his first wife Sibylle de Beaujeu (-[1283]).  By charter dated 10 Apr 1244, "Aymar de Poitiers III comte de Valentinois, fils de feu Guillaume et de Florie" confirmed his desire for the marriage of "sa fille Philippine" to "Hugues fils ainé de Barral seigneur de Baux", when they reached the age of puberty, or if he died to "Bertrand fils cadet de Barral"[1155].  Considering the chronology of the family, Philippa must have been a baby at the time and was probably her parents' first child. 

ii)         BERTRAND de Baux (-[12 Nov 1304/25 Sep 1305])Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse "senescallo Venaissini" wrote to "Barralli domini Baucii et Bertrandi eius filii, militum" concerning a dispute "inter homines de Montiliis {Monteux, Vaucluse, cant. Carpentras} et de Auriolo {Loriol, Vaucluse, cant. Carpentras} ex una parte et homines de Sarriano {Sarrians, Vaucluse, cant. Carpentras} ex altera", dated 31 Jul 1267[1156]He fought at the battle of Benevento against Manfred King of Sicily and was appointed Conte d'Avellino by Charles I King of Sicily [Anjou-Capet][1157]

-         CONTI d'AVELLINO

iii)        MARQUISE de Baux (-before 12 Oct 1270)The marriage contract between Barralus dominus Baucli...Marquisiam filiam” and “domini comitis Ruthenensis...Henricum filium” is dated 8 Sep 1256[1158].  A manuscript of Rodez convent records the marriage "1259 XV Kal Dec" of "Henricus comes Ruthenensis filius Hugonis" and "domina Marquesia de Baus"[1159]m (contract 8 Sep 1256, 15 Dec 1259) HENRI [II] Comte de Rodez, son of HUGUES [IV] Comte de Rodez {Aveyron} and his wife Isabelle de Roquefeuil, Vicomtesse de Creissels {Aveyron} (-Château de Gages 4 Sep 1304, bur Bonval)

iv)       CECILE de Baux (-21 May 1275).  An agreement dated 1240 between "Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse" and "Guigues Comte du Viennois" refers to the marriage of the latter to "Cécile sa nièce, fille de Barral de Baux"[1160].  A charter dated Jun 1240 records the episcopal annulment of the betrothal of "Guigonem Dalphinum Viennæ et Albonis" and "filiam comitis Provinciæ" because of his prior commitment to marry "filia Barralis domini de Baucio"[1161].  Her first betrothal is confirmed by the judgment dated 10 Mar 1261 under which the marriage between "Vienna e Beatrice figlia di Pietro di Savoia" was confirmed as valid despite a prior verbal agreement between "detto Delfino e Cecilia di Beaux figlia del Conte Barallo di Beaux, ed indi Moglie d'Amedeo quarto Conte di Savoia"[1162].  Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse, Marquis de Provence granted all his property beyond the Rhône to "sa niece Cécile de Baux, fille de Barral" by charter dated 24 Feb 1241[1163].  The contract of marriage between "Amedeum comitem Sabaudiæ" and "Cæciliam Barralis domini Baucii filiam" is dated 18 Dec 1243, witnessed by "Humbertum de Seyssel dominum Aquarum…Raymundo de Baucio principe Aurasiæ, Guillelmo de Baucio nepote illius…"[1164].  A charter dated 22 Nov 1244 records the agreement for the marriage of “dominum Amedeum comitem Sabaudie” and “dominam Ceciliam, neptem…domini R. comitis Tolosani, filiam…domini Barralli del Bauz[1165].  A charter dated 18 Dec 1244 confirms the celebration by proxy of the marriage between "Amédée IV Comte de Savoie, marquis d'Italie" (represented by "Humbert de Seyssel") and "Cécile fille de Barral de Baux" at the "chapelle Sainte-Marie d'Orange", in the presence of "Raymond de Baux I, son neveu Raymond II prince et co-prince d'Orange, Guillaume de Sabran, et B. de Baux chanoine d'Avignon"[1166].  A fourth testament of "Amedeus comes Sabaudie" is dated 19 Sep 1252, appoints "Bonifacium filium meum" as his heir, under the tutelage of his brother Thomas, substituting "fratri meo Thome de Sabaudia comitis…Beatricem filiam meam uxorem quondam Manfredi marchionis Salutiarum et Margaretam filiam meam uxorem Bonifacii marchionis Montisferrati", and names "Cecilie…uxori nostre…Beatrix filia mea minor"[1167].  Her husband granted her the castles of Momigliano, La Rocchetta, e Terra della Tarantasia for life by charter dated 24 May 1253[1168].  A fifth testament of Comte Amédée IV is dated 24 May 1253, appoints "Bonifacius filius suus, sub tutela Thomæ comitis" as his heir, substitutes "filiæ Amedei comitis…marchionissæ Beatrix Salutiarum et Margaretha Montisferrati", bequeathes "castrum Montis Meliani" to "Cæciliæ comitissæ", and chooses to be buried at Hautecombe[1169].  "Amedeus comes Sabaudie" granted "castrum Montis Meliani" to "Cæciliæ comitissæ conjugi suæ" for life, on condition that she allows "Bonifacium filium ex matrimonio eorum procreatum" to live with her[1170].  "Cæciliæ comitissæ relictæ Amedei quondam comitis Sabaudiæ" donated property by charter dated 19 Jan 1268[1171]Betrothed (contract [Jan/May] 1240) to GUIGUES Dauphin de Viennois Comte d'Albon, son of ANDRE Comte d´Albon [Bourgogne-Capet] & his third wife Beatrice di Monferrato ([1225]-[Aug/Nov] 1269, bur Chartreuse Abbaye de Prémol).  m (contract 22 Nov 1244, by proxy Orange 18 Dec 1244) as his [second/third] wife, AMEDEE IV Comte de Savoie, son of THOMAS I Comte de Savoie & his wife Marguerite [Beatrix] de Genève (Montmélian, Savoie 1197-Montmélian 24 Jun or 13 Jul 1253, bur Hautecombe, abbaye royale de Sainte-Marie). 

v)        MARGUERITE de Baux .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  1256

b)         GILBERT de Baux (-Toulon (-[25 Jun/25 Jul] 1243).  "Hugues de Baux" confirmed various property sales, in the presence of "Barrale et de leurs fils Gilbert et Barral", by charter dated 8 Apr 1217[1172].  "Hugues de Baux, sa femme Barrale et leurs fils Barral et Gilbert" reached agreement with the abbot of Saint-Victor concerning the monastery by charter dated 23 Jan 1221[1173].  These two charters demonstrate the difficulty of assessing which of Barral and Gilbert was the older son.  The testament of "Gilbert de Baux, fils de Hugues" is dated 25 Jun 1243 and bequeathes property to "sa sœur Alasacie, Sibylle sa femme…son frère Barral"[1174]m (before 27 Feb 1241) as her first husband, SIBYLLE de Marseille Dame de Toulon, daughter of GEOFFROY "Gaufridet" Vicomte de Marseille & his wife Guillelme de Blacas (-after 16 Aug 1261).  "Gilbert de Baux fils de feu Hugues seigneur des Baux" sold property to the prior of Saint-Gilles by charter dated 27 Feb 1241, obliging himself to obtain the consent of "Sibile son épouse et son frère Barral"[1175].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  The testament of "Gilbert de Baux, fils de Hugues" is dated 25 Jun 1243 and bequeathes property to "sa sœur Alasacie, Sibylle sa femme…son frère Barral"[1176].  She married secondly (before 1252) Boniface de Castellane

c)         ALASACIE de Baux (-before 1274).  "Hugues de Baux vicomte de Marseille" agreed to obtain the approval of "Barral, Gilbert et Adalascie de Baux, ses enfants" to a donation of property to the order of the Temple, by charter dated 23 Nov 1234[1177].  The testament of "Gilbert de Baux, fils de Hugues" is dated 25 Jun 1243 and bequeathes property to "sa sœur Alasacie, Sibylle sa femme…son frère Barral"[1178]m GUILLAUME de Forcalquier dit de Pertuis [Sabran] (-after 10 Feb 1289). 

d)         CECILE de Baux (-[before 23 Nov 1234]).  "Barrale épouse d'Hugues de Baux" pledged donations to the archbishop of Arles, in the presence of "Gilbert et Barral de Baux frères, de Cécile fille d'Hugues de Baux, de Pétronille et de sa nourrice", by charter dated 17 Jul 1219[1179].  The wording of this charter suggests that Cécile may not have been the daughter of Barrale.  "Pétronille" has not been identified, although it is possible that she was another daughter of Hugues.  It is likely that Cécile died before the charter dated 23 Nov 1234 in which she is not named with the other children of Hugues (see above). 

2.         BERTRAND de Baux (-1201).  "Raimbaud d'Orange" names "Bertrand de Baux son beau-frère, mari de Tiburge et ses enfants Guillaume, Bertrand et Hugues de Baux…Adhemar de Murvieux et aux enfants qu'il a eus de sa sœur Tiburgette" in his testament dated 1173[1180].  "Les frères Bertrand seigneur de Berre et Guillaume de Baux prince d'Orange" granted rights to the monastery of Boscodon by charter dated 27 Oct 1182[1181].  Seigneur de Meyrargues et de Puyricard.  Bertrand de Baux Seigneur de Berre swore allegiance to Pierre Archbishop of Arles for the château de Trinquetaille and other properties by charter dated 1189[1182]m ETIENNETTE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 8 Oct 1216 under which "Raymond de Baux II vicomte de Marseille" approved an exchange of property, donated by "ses aïeuls Bertrand de Baux I seigneur d'Orange et Tiburge son épouse", by "Astorgue abbé de Franquevaux", already approved by "Etiennette de Baux sa mère", by charter dated 8 Oct 1216[1183].  1216/1231.  Bertrand & his wife had three children: 

a)         RAYMOND de Baux (-[23 Jul 1235/25 Nov 1237]).  "Guillaume de Baux prince d'Orange, Hugues de Baux son frère Vicomte de Marseille, et Raymond leur neveu" granted rights to Sainte-Trinité de Marseille by charter dated 21 Mar 1203[1184].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 8 Oct 1216 under which "Raymond de Baux II vicomte de Marseille" approved an exchange of property, donated by "ses aïeuls Bertrand de Baux I seigneur d'Orange et Tiburge son épouse", by "Astorgue abbé de Franquevaux", already approved by "Etiennette de Baux sa mère", by charter dated 8 Oct 1216[1185].  Vicomte de Marseille by right of his wife.  m ALASACIE de Marseille, daughter of HUGUES GEOFFROY [II] Vicomte de Marseille & his [first wife Sibylle [d'Agoult]] (-after 1228).  "Raymond de Baux Vicomte de Marseille et son épouse Alasacie fille de feu Hugues-Geoffroy de Treis" sold property by charter dated 2 Apr 1213[1186].  Raymond & his wife had four children: 

i)          BERTRAND (-[2 Oct 1251/7 May 1257]).  "Raymond de Baux son épouse et ses fils" reached agreement with "Spine de Surrexina podestat de Marseille" concerning the monastery by charter dated 20 Nov 1225, "Adalasie son épouse, Bertrand et Guillaume ses fils…Raymond de Baux son autre fils" swearing to observe the agreement[1187].  "Raymond de Baux, Alasacie son épouse et leurs fils Bertrand et Raymond" confirmed the agreement dated 20 Nov 1225 with the commune of Marseille, by charter dated 1 Oct 1226[1188]m ([14 Oct 1213/12 Jun 1228]) EUDIARDE de Monteil, daughter of GIRAUD Adémar Seigneur de Monteil, Vicomte de Marseille & his wife Mabile de Marseille.  "Giraud-Adhemar seigneur de Montélimar, Vicomte de Marseille et la vicomtesse Mabile" agreed the marriage of "leur fille Eudiarde…lorsqu'elle sera nubile" to "Raymond de Baux…son fils Bertrand" by charter dated 2 Apr 1213, which also names "Mabile…sa mère Laure"[1189].  "Raymond de Baux…sa belle-fille Eudiarde épouse de Bertrand et fille de Mabile et de Giraud-Adhemar" sold property to Marseille by charter dated 12 Jun 1228[1190].  The testament of "Eudiarde , fille de feus Giraud-Adhemar et Mabile" is dated 7 May 1257, in which she chooses burial "dans le monastère de Saint-Pons de Gémenos" and makes bequests to "son fils Hugues de Baux…sa fille Mabile…son frère Adhémar"[1191]

ii)         GUILLAUME (-after 25 Nov 1237).  "Raymond de Baux son épouse et ses fils" reached agreement with "Spine de Surrexina podestat de Marseille" concerning the monastery by charter dated 20 Nov 1225, "Adalasie son épouse, Bertrand et Guillaume ses fils…Raymond de Baux son autre fils" swearing to observe the agreement[1192].  "Guillaume de Baux I de Berre, âgé de plus de 25 ans" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Césaire, Arles, for the souls of his father and mother, on the advice of "Raymond-Hugues de Baux, son oncle paternel", by charter dated 25 Nov 1237[1193]

iii)        RAYMOND (-after 1 Oct 1226).  "Raymond de Baux son épouse et ses fils" reached agreement with "Spine de Surrexina podestat de Marseille" concerning the monastery by charter dated 20 Nov 1225, "Adalasie son épouse, Bertrand et Guillaume ses fils…Raymond de Baux son autre fils" swearing to observe the agreement[1194].  "Raymond de Baux, Alasacie son épouse et leurs fils Bertrand et Raymond" confirmed the agreement dated 20 Nov 1225 with the commune of Marseille, by charter dated 1 Oct 1226[1195]

iv)       GILBERT (-after 17 Dec 1250).  A charter dated 17 Dec 1250 records an agreement between "les frères Bertrand de Baux I seigneur de Meyrargues et Gilbert de Baux seigneur de Marignane, fils du vicomte Raymond" under which Bertrand granted property rights to his brother, the document also naming "Alasacie leur mère"[1196]

b)         GUILLAUME de Baux (-Montels 1213).  "Willelmum de Baucio filium Bertrandi de Baucio" and "D. R. comitem Tolosæ reginæ Constanciæ filium" confirmed the settlement of their dispute by charter dated 15 Jul 1210, witnessed by "...U de Baucio..." (who may have been Guillaume´s brother Raymond-Hugues)[1197].  The Thalamus de Montpellier records the death "denant Montels" in 1213 of "G. de Baus"[1198]

c)         RAYMOND-HUGUES de Baux .  "Guillaume de Baux I de Berre, âgé de plus de 25 ans" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Césaire, Arles, for the souls of his father and mother, on the advice of "Raymond-Hugues de Baux, son oncle paternel", by charter dated 25 Nov 1237[1199]

3.         GUILLAUME de Baux (-Avignon 1218 before 30 Jul).  The testament of Tiburge princesse d'Orange is dated [1146?], and names Bertrand de Baux husband of her daughter Tiburge, his son Guillaume V, her son Raimbaud IV, and Adhemar de Murvieux husband of her daughter Tiburgete[1200]Prince d'Orange

-        see below

4.         TIBURGE de Baux .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m LAMBERT Adémar Seigneur de Monteil, son of GIRAUD Adémar [I] de Monteil & his wife --- (-before 12 Feb 1230). 

5.         [HERMELINE (-after 8 Dec 1219).  "Hermeline de Baux, abbesse du monastère Saint-Sauveur de Marseille" bought property by charter dated 16 Feb 1203[1201].  Assuming that Hermeline was a member of the Baux family, chronology dictates that she was most probably the daughter of Bertrand de Baux Prince d'Orange.  1219.  Abbess of Saint-Sauveur de Marseille. "Hermeline de Baux, abbesse du monastère Saint-Sauveur de Marseille" confirmed a sale of property to the convent by charter dated 8 Dec 1219[1202].]  

 

 

GUILLAUME de Baux, son of BERTRAND Sire de Baux & his wife Tiburge d'Orange (-Avignon 1218 before 30 Jul).  The testament of Tiburge princesse d'Orange is dated [1146?], and names Bertrand de Baux husband of her daughter Tiburge, his son Guillaume V, her son Raimbaud IV, and Adhemar de Murvieux husband of her daughter Tiburgete[1203].  "Raimbaud d'Orange" names "Bertrand de Baux son beau-frère, mari de Tiburge et ses enfants Guillaume, Bertrand et Hugues de Baux…Adhemar de Murvieux et aux enfants qu'il a eus de sa sœur Tiburgette" in his testament dated 1173[1204]Prince d'Orange.  "Les frères Bertrand seigneur de Berre et Guillaume de Baux prince d'Orange" granted rights to the monastery of Boscodon by charter dated 27 Oct 1182[1205].  "…Guillelmus de Balcio, Hugo de Balcio frater eius…" witnessed the marriage contract dated 1204 between "Maria filia quondam domini Montispessulani" and "Petro Regi Aragoniæ, et comiti Barchinonis" is dated 1204[1206]

m firstly (divorced 21 Mar 1203) ERMENGARDE de Mévouillon, daughter of RAYMOND [III] Seigneur de Mévouillon & his wife Saure de Fay.  "Guillaume de Baux prince d'Orange" declared his separation on grounds of consanguinity from his wife "Ermengarde", in the presence of "Raimbaud évêque de Vaison", by charter dated 21 Mar 1203, which also deals with the return of the dowry provided by "Raymond de Mévouillon son beau-père…[et] son beau-frère Raymond"[1207]

m secondly ALIX, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1219. 

Guillaume & his first wife had one child:

1.         RAYMOND [I] de Baux (-1282).  "Raymond I, Guillaume II et Bertrand II ses frères, princes et co-princes d'Orange" signed a charter dated 4 Apr 1230 relating to the seigneurie de Campredons[1208]Prince d'Orange

-        see below

Guillaume & his second wife had three children: 

2.         GUILLAUME [II] (-before 1 Nov 1239).  A charter dated 10 Aug 1224 records a peace agreement between "Garin de Montaigu, grand-maître de l'hôpital de Saint-Jean de Jérusalem" and "Guillaume de Baux II co-prince d'Orange", referring to "Guillaume de Baux I son père…sa mère, ses frères…"[1209].  Co-Prince d'Orange.  "Raymond I, Guillaume II et Bertrand II ses frères, princes et co-princes d'Orange" signed a charter dated 4 Apr 1230 relating to the seigneurie de Campredons[1210].  "Bertrand de Mévouillon seigneur de Mison" accorded "sa fille Galburge" in marriage to "Guillaume de Baux, fils de feu Guillaume II co-prince d'Orange", in the presence of "Bertrand de Baux frère de Guillaume", by charter dated 1 Nov 1239, which also names "sa femme Beatrix"[1211]m PRECIEUSE, daughter of ---.  Her name is confirmed by the testament of "Guillaume de Baux III co-prince d'Orange, fils de feu Guillaume II prince et de dame Précieuse"[1212]

-        SEIGNEURS de COURTHEZON et de la SUZE, CONTI di SOLETO[1213]

3.         BERTRAND [II] (-after 1 Nov 1239).  "Raymond I, Guillaume II et Bertrand II ses frères, princes et co-princes d'Orange" signed a charter dated 4 Apr 1230 relating to the seigneurie de Campredons[1214].  Co-Prince d'Orange.  "Bertrand de Mévouillon seigneur de Mison" accorded "sa fille Galburge" in marriage to "Guillaume de Baux, fils de feu Guillaume II co-prince d'Orange", in the presence of "Bertrand de Baux frère de Guillaume", by charter dated 1 Nov 1239, which also names "sa femme Beatrix"[1215]

4.         TIBURGE .  A charter dated 9 May 1222 records a dispute between "Giraud Amic, fils de feu Giraud-Amic et de Tiburge, gendre de Guillaume de Baux prince d'Orange"[1216]m (before 1208) GUIRAUD [III] Amic Seigneur du Thor de Châteauneuf [Sabran] (-1215 before 25 Aug). 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise specified below. 

 

RAYMOND [I] de Baux, son of GUILLAUME de Baux Prince d'Orange & his first wife Ermengarde de Mévouillon (-1282).  "Raymond I, Guillaume II et Bertrand II ses frères, princes et co-princes d'Orange" signed a charter dated 4 Apr 1230 relating to the seigneurie de Campredons[1217]Prince d'Orange.  The contract of marriage between "Amedeum comitem Sabaudiæ" and "Cæciliam Barralis domini Baucii filiam" is dated 18 Dec 1243, witnessed by "Humbertum de Seyssel dominum Aquarum…Raymundo de Baucio principe Aurasiæ, Guillelmo de Baucio nepote illius…"[1218].  "Isoard d'Aix Seigneur de Châtillon" granted the "châteaux de Châtillon, Ravel, Mensac, Treschenu…" to "Raymond de Baux I son gendre", appointing "son petit-fils Guillaume de Baux, fils de Raymond et de Malberjone sa fille" in case of invalidity of the grant, by charter dated 16 Aug 1246[1219].  He ceded all his claims to the kingdoms of Arles and Vienne to Charles de France Comte d'Anjou 23 Aug 1257[1220].  "Dom. Geraldus Ademarii, dominus Montilii Ademarii", in the presence of and with the consent of "dom Tiburgi matre sua…et dom R-dus de Baucis princeps Aurasicensis…", donated property to Monteil, for "dom Lamberto domino Montilii Ademarii", by charter dated 14 Oct 1275[1221]

m (contract 17 Jun 1239) MALBERJONE d'Aix Dame de Condorcet et de Chatillon, daughter of ISOARD Seigneur d'Aix & his wife Dragonette de Montauban.  "Isoard d'Aix Seigneur de Châtillon et Dragonette son épouse" granted dowry, consisting of "les châteaux et seigneuries de Condorcet, Montjoux, Teyssières, Aubres, Venterol, Noveysan, Rocheblave, Marsanne", to "Raymond de Baux I prince d'Orange" and to "Malberjone leur fille", by charter dated 17 Jun 1239[1222].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 2 May 1242 which records an arbitral settlement to end disputes between "Raymond de Baux I prince d'Orange" and "Dragonet de Montauban", which requires "Dragonette, fille de feu Dragonet de Montauban épouse d'Isoard d'Aix" and "Raymond de Montauban, et Malberjone épouse de Raymond de Baux, enfants d'Isoard d'Aix" to cede their rights in "les châteaux de Montjoux, Teyssières, la Bâtie de Pierre Roux, d'Aubres, Venterol, Noveysan, Rocheblave" to Dragonet[1223]

Raymond & his wife had two children: 

1.         GUILLAUME de Baux (-before 10 Apr 1281).  "Isoard d'Aix Seigneur de Châtillon" granted the "châteaux de Châtillon, Ravel, Mensac, Treschenu…" to "Raymond de Baux I son gendre", appointing "son petit-fils Guillaume de Baux, fils de Raymond et de Malberjone sa fille" in case of invalidity of the grant, by charter dated 16 Aug 1246[1224]m GUISE de Lunel, daughter of PONS dit RAYMOND GAUSELM [V] Sire de Lunel.  1281/96.  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

a)         ETIENNETTE de Baux .  1281.  m ([13 Jun 1281]) BERTRAND [III] de Baux Seigneur de Courthezon, son of --- (-1305). 

2.         BERTRAND [IV] de Baux (-1314 after 21 Jul, bur Orange)Prince d'Orange.  Seigneur de Sérignan et de Suze.  m (1273) ELEONORE de Genève, daughter of HENRI de Genève & his wife ---.  1314.  Bertrand & his wife had ten children: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Baux (-1312).  m TIBURGE d'Anduze, daughter of ---.  1314/26. 

-        SEIGNEURS de SERIGNAN et de CAMARET[1225]

b)         BERTRAND de Baux .  Canon at Aix.  1309. 

c)         RAYMOND [IV] de Baux (-1340 after 9 Sep)Prince d'Orange

-        see below

d)         HENRI de Baux (-before 1340).  Canon at Autun 1314/1322. 

e)         ISABELLE de Baux .  1314.  m RAYMOND d'Agoult Seigneur de Trets, son of --- (-1321). 

f)          BEATRIX de Baux .  1314/1332.  m (before 21 Jul 1314) ARMAND [VIII] [GUILLAUME] Vicomte de Polignac Seigneur de Randon et de Luc, son of ARMAND [VI] Vicomte de Polignac & his second wife Marquise de Randon (after 26 Mar 1289-1351 or after). 

g)         CATHERINE de Baux (-before 1340).  m RAYMOND de Ceva Seigneur de Vénasque, son of ---. 

h)         STEPHANIE de Baux (-before 17 Jul 1370).  The testament of "dom Hugonus Adhemarii dominus Montilii et Gardæ bonæ memoriæ quondam" is dated 11 Jan 1334 and names "Lambertum filium nostrum primogenitum…dom Gaucherium de Montilio militem filium suum…Hugonetum filium nostrum…ex…Stephania uxore nostra…Amedeum filium suum"[1226].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   m (before 25 Jul 1314) as his second wife, HUGUES Adémar de Monteil, son of HUGUES Adémar Seigneur de Monteil & his wife Mabile --- (-[11 Jan/5 Jul] 1334, bur Aiguebelle). 

i)          TIBURGE de Baux (-before 25 Jul 1314).  m (before 1300) GIRAUD AMIC Seigneur du Thor, son of ---.  1314. 

j)          MARGUERITE de Baux .  1314/1331.  m BERTRAND [V] de Baux Seigneur de Courthezon, son of --- (-1345). 

 

 

RAYMOND [IV] de Baux, son of BERTRAND [IV] de Baux Prince d'Orange & his wife Eléonore de Genève (-1340 after 9 Sep)Prince d'Orange.  Seigneur de Condorcet 1324. 

m (Papal dispensation 28 May 1317, before 31 Jan 1318) ANNE de Viennois, daughter of GUIGUES de Viennois-de la Tour-du-Pin Baron de Montauban & his wife Beatrix de Baux (-after 27 Nov 1357).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 

Raymond & his wife had eleven children: 

1.         RAYMOND [V] de Baux (-Avignon 10 Feb 1393, bur Orange)Prince d'Orangem firstly CONSTANCE de Trian, daughter of ARNAUD de Trian Vicomte de Taillard.  m secondly (contract 12 Apr 1358) JEANNE de Genève, daughter of AMEDEE III Comte de Genève & his wife Mathilde de Boulogne (-before 15 Feb 1389).  Raymond & his second wife had one child: 

a)         MARIE de Baux (-Oct 1417)Pss d'Orangem (Contract Avignon 11 Apr 1386) JEAN de Chalon Sire d'Arlay, son of LOUIS de Chalon Sire d'Arguel et du Cuiseaux & his wife Marguerite de Vienne (-Paris 2 Sep 1418).  Prince d'Orange, by right of his wife. 

2.         BERTRAND de Baux (-1380).  Seigneur de Gigondas et de la Suze.  m (8 Mar 1366) BLONDE de Grignan, daughter of GIRAUDET [IV] Adhémar Seigneur de Grignan et d'Aps & his wife ---.  1375.  Bertrand & his wife had three children: 

a)         MARGUERITE de Baux .  Bss de Vézenobres.  1389/1420.  m firstly GUILLAUME d'Uzès, son of ---.  m secondly HUGUES de Saluzzo Seigneur de Montjay, son of --- (-before 4 Aug 1409). 

b)         BEATRIX de Baux .  1389.  m (before 27 Feb 1398) GUILLAUME de Grano co-Seigneur de Valréas, son of ---

c)         HUGUETTE de Baux .  1414.  m firstly (before 10 Feb 1394) PIERRE Bellon, son of --- (-before 20 Apr 1405).  m secondly (before 20 Apr 1405) DEYDIER Seigneur de Bésignan, son of --- (-after 3 Jun 1406). 

3.         GUIGUES de Baux (-before 1 Feb 1390).  Canon at Liège St Lambert.  Canon at Reims. 

4.         GUILLAUME de Baux (-1390).  Seigneur de Condorcet.  Co-Seigneur d'Arpavon 1358.  m GIRAUDE d'Ancézune, daughter of ---.  Guillaume & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Baux (-Mar 1427).  Seigneur de Saint-Roman-de-Malegarde. 

b)         CATHERINE de Bauxm ALEMAN de Rivettes, son of ---.  1427. 

c)         ANNETTE de Baux (-before 1428).  Dame d'Ancezune.  m INHEL Rolland, son of --- (-before 1428). 

5.         GUIDON de Baux (-before 24 Sep 1369). 

6.         JEANNET de Baux .  1340. 

7.         CATHERINE de Baux .  1340. 

8.         MARGUERITE de Baux .  1340.  Nun at Arles, Saint Césare 1343. 

9.         ELEONORE de Baux .  1340.  Nun at Saint-André de Ramières. 

10.      TIBURGETTE de Baux .  1340.  [Abbess of Le Bouchet 1332/33, 1351/52.] 

11.      ANNETTE de Baux .  1340/1347. 

 

 

 

D.      PRINCES d'ORANGE 1393-1530 (BOURGOGNE-COMTE)

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

JEAN 1393-1418

 

JEAN de Chalon, son of LOUIS de Chalon Sire d'Arguel et du Cuiseaux & his wife Marguerite de Vienne (-Paris 2 Sep 1418).  Sire de Cuiseaux et de Vitteaux.  Sire d'Arlay 1388.  He succeeded in 1393 as JEAN Prince d'Orange, by right of his wife.  Sire d'Arguel 1396.  He died of the plague. 

m (Contract Avignon 11 Apr 1386) MARIE de Baux, daughter & heiress of RAYMOND [V] de Baux Prince d'Orange & his wife Jeanne de Genève (-Oct 1417).  She succeeded in 1393 as MARIE Pss d'Orange

Prince Jean & his wife had five children:

1.         LOUIS de Chalon (1390-3 Dec 1463).  He succeeded his mother in 1417 as LOUIS II "le Bon" Prince d'Orange, Seigneur d'Orbe, d'Echelens et de Grandson. 

-        see below

2.         JEAN de Chalon (-1462).  Seigneur de Bercher.  Sire de Vitteaux 1409.  m firstly (1424) JEANNE de La Trémoïlle, daughter of GUY de La Trémoïlle Comte de Guines & his wife --- (-1454).  m secondly MARIE d'Enghien, daughter of ENGELBERT [II] d'Enghien Sire de Raméru & his wife Marie d´Antoing (-after 20 Jun 1461).  Jean & his first wife had nine children: 

a)         CHARLES de Chalon .  Sire de Vitteaux.  Comte de Joigny 1467.  m as her second husband, JEANNE de Banquetin, widow of ARTUS de Châtillon Seigneur de la Ferté-en-Ponthieu, daughter of JACQUES de Banquetin Seigneur de Beaupré & his wife Marie de Mailly (-after 1495).  Charles & his wife had one child: 

i)          CHARLOTTE de Chalon .  Ctss de Joigny, Dame de Vitteaux.  m firstly ([9 Sep 1480]) ADRIEN de Sainte-Maure Comte de Nesle (-4 Aug 1504).  Comte de Joigny, by right of his wife.  m secondly FRANÇOIS de Tourzel Seigneur de Precy . 

b)         ANTOINE de Chalon (-8 May 1500).  Apostolic pro-notary 1467.  Bishop of Autun 1483. 

c)         LOUIS de Chalon .  1467.  Seigneur de l'Isle-sous-Montréal. 

d)         BERNARD de Chalon .  1467.  Seigneur de Grignon et d'Arcenay.  m MARIE de Rougemont, daughter of ---.  Bernard & his wife had one child: 

i)          THIBAUT de Chalon (-1511).  Seigneur de Grignon. 

e)         LEONARD de Chalon .  1467/1494.  Seigneur de l'Orme.

f)          MARGUERITE de Chalonm firstly (1439) JEAN de Bauffremont Seigneur de Mirebeau.  m secondly JEAN de Rye .

g)         ISABELLE de Chalon .  1467.  m LIEBAUD de Choiseul Seigneur de Dracy-le-Fort.

h)         ALIX de Chalon .  1467.  m GUILLAUME de Valangin1443/83. 

i)          ALICE de Chalon .  1467. 

3.         HUGUES de Chalon (-Jul 1426).  Sire de Cuiseaux. 

4.         ALIX de Chalon (-1457).  Dame de Bussy.  m (1410) GUILLAUME de Vienne Seigneur de Saint-Georges. 

5.         MARIE de Chalon (-1465).  Dame de Cerlier.  m (23 Oct 1416) JOHANN Graf von Freiburg Comte de Neuchâtel, son of KONRAD [IV Graf von Freiburg & his first wife Marie de Vergy (-19 Feb 1457).

 

 

LOUIS II 1417-1463, GUILLAUME VIII 1463-1475, JEAN IV 1475-1502, PHILIBERT 1502-1530

 

LOUIS de Chalon, son of JEAN de Chalon Prince d'Orange, Sire d'Arlay & his wife Marie de Baux Pss d'Orange (1390-3 Dec 1463).  He succeeded his mother in 1417 as LOUIS II "le Bon" Prince d'Orange, Seigneur d'Orbe, d'Echelens et de Grandson. 

m firstly (Apr 1411) JEANNE de Montfaucon Dame de Montfaucon, daughter of HENRI [II] de Montfaucon Seigneur d´Orbe & his first wife Marie de Châtillon (-Nozeroy 14 May 1445). 

m secondly (26 Sep 1446) ELEONORE d'Armagnac, daughter of JEAN [IV] Comte d'Armagnac & his second wife Infanta doña Isabel de Aragón y Navarra (-[6/11] Dec 1456). 

m thirdly as her second husband, BLANCHE de Gamaches, widow of JEAN de Châtillon Seigneur de Troissy, daughter of GUILLAUME de Gamaches & his wife ---. 

Prince Louis II & his first wife had one child:

1.         GUILLAUME de Chalon (-Château d'Orange 27 Sep 1475, bur Orange église des Cordeliers).  He succeeded his father in 1463 as GUILLAUME VIII Prince d'Orange, Sire d'Arlay et d'Arguel.  m ([19 Aug 1438) CATHERINE de Bretagne dame de l'Epine-Gandin, de la Ferté-Milon, de Nogent-d'Artaud et de Gandelu, daughter of RICHARD de Bretagne Comte d'Etampes & his wife Marguerite d'Orléans Ctss de Vertus ([1428]-before 22 Apr 1476).  Mistress (1): ---.  Prince Guillaume VIII & his wife had one child:

a)         JEAN de Chalon (-25 Apr 1502, bur Lons-le-Saunier, Jura, église des Cordeliers).  Comte de Tonnerre, Seigneur d'Arguel et de Montfaucon.  He succeeded his father in 1475 as JEAN IV Prince d'Orange, Sire d'Arlay et d'Arguel.  Admiral of Guyenne.  m firstly (Brussels 21 Oct 1467) JEANNE de Bourbon, daughter of CHARLES I Duc de Bourbon & his wife Agnès de Bourgogne [Valois] (-1493, bur Lons-le-Saunier, Jura, église des Cordeliers).  m secondly (Jan 1494) PHILIBERTE de Luxembourg Ctss de Charny, daughter of ANTOINE de Luxembourg Comte de Brienne & his wife --- (-May 1539).  Prince Jean IV & his second wife had two children:

i)          CLAUDE de Chalon (1498-Diest 31 May 1521)m (May 1515) HENDRIK III Graf van Nassau Heer van Breda (12 Jan 1483-14 Sep 1538). 

ii)         PHILIBERT de Chalon (Mar 1502-killed in battle Florence 5 Aug 1530).  He succeeded his father in 1502 as PHILIBERT Prince d'Orange et di Melfi, Duca di Gravina, Seigneur de Rougemont, de Nozeroy, d'Orgelet, de Montfaucon, d'Arlay, Vicomte de Besançon, Comte de Tonnerre, de Charny et de Penthièvre.  Viceroy of Naples 1528.  Lieutenant-General in the Imperial army.  

Prince Guillaume VIII had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1): 

b)         ETIENNE bâtard de Chalon .  Seigneur d'Orpierre et de Montbrison.  m CATHERINE de Poitiers, daughter of --- .  Etienne & his wife had one child: 

i)          GAUCHER (1483-). 

Prince Louis II & his second wife had four children:

2.         LOUIS de Chalon (-killed in battle Grandson 2 Mar 1476).  Seigneur de Château-Guyon.  Louis had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

a)         JEAN bâtard de Chalonm ---.  Jean & his wife had one child: 

i)          PIERREm MARQUISE de Galland heiress of Lacaze.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

(a)        ANTOINEm ANNE de Lannoy-La BoissièreAntoine & his wife had one child: 

(1)        MADELEINE (1583-1646).  Dame de Lacaze.  m (1598) HENRI [II] de Bourbon Marquis de Malause Vicomte de Lavedan (1575-1647). 

3.         HUGUES de Chalon (-3 Jul 1490).  Seigneur d'Orbe et de Château-Guyon.  m (24 Aug 1479) LOUISE de Savoie, daughter of AMEDEE IX Duke of Savoy & his wife Yolande de France (28 Dec 1461-24 Jul 1503).  The marriage contract between "Ugone di Chalon Signore di Châtelguyon" and "Louisa di Savoia Nipote d'esso Re di Francia" was ratified by Louis XI King of France by charter dated 12 May 1479[1227].  Nun at Sainte Clarisse d'Orbe 1493.  Beatified.  

4.         PHILIPPINE de Chalon (-1507).  Nun at Sainte Clarisse d'Orbe.  

5.         JEANNE de Chalon (-15 Sep 1483).  m (25 Mar 1472) LOUIS de Seyssel Comte de la Chambre (-15 Sep 1483). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 16.  VALENCE

 

 

 

A.      COMTES de VALENCE

 

 

The relationships between the early Comtes de Valence are uncertain.  What is known is based on charters which have survived in the cartulary collections of Cluny, Saint-Victor de Marseille, Romans, Saint-Chaffre, Saint-André de Vienne, and Saint-Pierre du Bourg-lès-Valence, as shown below. 

 

 

1.         ODILO .  "Odilo comes" donated property "in comitatu Diensi in villa Savenna,…ecclesiam Sancti Stephani" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre "in comitatu Vallavensi" by charter dated Mar [886/87][1228]

 

2.         ADALELM (-after 912).  "Hludovicus…imperator augustus" confirmed privileges which Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks had ceded to "fideles nostri Liutfridus, Hugo atque Teutbertus comites" at the request of "Adalelmo comite et eius coniugi Rotlindi" by charter dated 6 Jun 903[1229].  He accompanied Louis King [of Provence] on his two expeditions beyond the Alps.  m ROTLINDE, daughter of ---.  "Hludovicus…imperator augustus" confirmed privileges which Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks had ceded to "fideles nostri Liutfridus, Hugo atque Teutbertus comites" at the request of "Adalelmo comite et eius coniugi Rotlindi" by charter dated 6 Jun 903[1230].  Adalelme & his wife had one child: 

a)         BOSON (-after 912).  “Adalelmi comitis, Bosonis filii eius” subscribed a charter dated 912 under which the bishop of Valence complained that “Hugo…dux et marchio” had unjustly retained property from the church of Saint-Apollinaire de Valence[1231]

 

3.         GEILIN [I] (-[7 Dec] 961 or after).  "Conradus…rex" granted property "in pago Valentinensi atque Diensi" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre, including land given by "Odilo comes", with the consent of "Geilini comitis et Aimonis episcopi", signed by "Geilini comitis, Amonii episcopi, Amedei comitis, Eruberti comitis, Arnaldi" by undated charter[1232].  "Gillino comite et filio suo Ainerio" donated property "in pago Viennensi in ago Clarensi in villa…Santiniaco" to the church of Romans (1856),recorded in a charter dated to [937/93][1233].  "Geilinus comes cum conjuge sua Gothelina" donated property "in pago Valentinensi…de villa Cornatis sive Calliario" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre by charter dated 30 Jun 956[1234].  "Geilinus nobilissimus vir…cum sua conjuge Raimodi" donated property "in pago quondam Lugdunensi quod nunc est in episcopatu Valentinensi…ecclesiam in Manso Caviliano" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre by charter dated 25 Mar 961[1235].  The 13th century obituary of the Eglise primatiale de Lyon records the death "VII Id Dec" of "Gelinus comes, qui dedit fratribus calcaria aurea valentia mille sol…"[1236], although this entry could alternatively refer to Count Geilinus [II] (see below).  m firstly GOTHELINE, daughter of --- (-[30 Jun 956/25 Mar 961]).  "Geilinus comes cum conjuge sua Gothelina" donated property "in pago Valentinensi…de villa Cornatis sive Calliario" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre by charter dated 30 Jun 956[1237]m secondly RAIMODIS, daughter of ---.  "Geilinus nobilissimus vir…cum sua conjuge Raimodi" donated property "in pago quondam Lugdunensi quod nunc est in episcopatu Valentinensi…ecclesiam in Manso Caviliano" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre by charter dated 25 Mar 961[1238].  Geilin [I] & his first wife had one child: 

a)         AINIER .  "Gillino comite et filio suo Ainerio" donated property "in pago Viennensi in ago Clarensi in villa…Santiniaco" to the church of Romans (1856),recorded in a charter dated to [937/93][1239]

 

4.         GONTARDm ERMENGARDE ---.  "Lanbertus et uxor mea Falectrudis" donated property at Félines ("Fellinis") in the county of Valence for the construction of the monastery of Saint-Marcel, for the souls of "patris mei Guntardi et matre mea Ermengarda", by charter dated 27 Jun 985, confirmed by charter of "Chuonradus rex" dated 985[1240].  Gontard & his wife had one child: 

a)         LAMBERT (-after 27 Jun 985).  "Lambertus comes" donated property "in pago Diensi…rivo qui dicitur Andria usque ad villam Sincana" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre by charter dated [960/61][1241].  "Lanbertus et uxor mea Falectrudis" donated property at Félines ("Fellinis") in the county of Valence for the construction of the monastery of Saint-Marcel, for the souls of "patris mei Guntardi et matre mea Ermengarda", and "pro filiis nostris Ademaro et Lanberto", by charter dated 27 Jun 985, confirmed by charter of "Chuonradus rex" dated 985[1242]m FALECTRUDIS, daughter of ---.  "Lanbertus et uxor mea Falectrudis" donated property at Félines ("Fellinis") in the county of Valence for the construction of the monastery of Saint-Marcel by charter dated 27 Jun 985, confirmed by charter of "Chuonradus rex" dated 985[1243].  Lambert & his wife had two children: 

i)          ADEMAR (-after 1037).  "Lambertus episcopus" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre with the consent of "Ademaro comite" by charter dated 14 Mar 1011[1244]m ROTILDE, daughter of ---.  "Ademarus comes [Valentinensis] [et] Roteldis uxor mea" confirmed the donations to Cluny by his father by charter dated 1037 jointly with "filii nostri Pontio episcopo, Ugone, Lamberto, Gontardo, Geraldo"[1245].  Adémar & his wife had five children: 

(a)       PONS (-1056)Bishop of Valence in [1031].  "Pontii filius Ademari comitis" witnessed a charter dated 1030 under which "Artaldus" donated property "villam Sancti Petri in Embolico, pago Valentinensi" to Cluny[1246].  "Ademarus comes [Valentinensis] [et] Roteldis uxor mea" confirmed the donations to Cluny by his father by charter dated 1037 jointly with "filii nostri Pontio episcopo, Ugone, Lamberto, Gontardo, Geraldo"[1247]

(b)       HUGUES .  "Ademarus comes [Valentinensis] [et] Roteldis uxor mea" confirmed the donations to Cluny by his father by charter dated 1037 jointly with "filii nostri Pontio episcopo, Ugone, Lamberto, Gontardo, Geraldo"[1248]same person as…?  HUGUES .  Chevalier proposes that Hugues, father of the brothers Guillaume, Adémar and Lambert, all named in the Cluny charter dated to [1049/1108] quoted below, was the same person as Hugues son of Adémar Comte de Valence[1249].  He also asserts that these three sons of Hugues were the same persons as Guillaume de Monteil, Adémar Bishop of Le Puy and Lambert-François de Peyrins, whom other sources demonstrate were brothers.  He cites another source which states that Bishop Adémar was the son of an unnamed Comte de Valence.  One difficulty with this co-identity is that the Hugues of the Cluny charter is not referred to as "comes".  On the other hand, it is likely that Hugues was a person of some substance to have been named at all as the father of the three witnesses. 

-         SEIGNEURS de MONTEIL

(c)       LAMBERT .  "Ademarus comes [Valentinensis] [et] Roteldis uxor mea" confirmed the donations to Cluny by his father by charter dated 1037 jointly with "filii nostri Pontio episcopo, Ugone, Lamberto, Gontardo, Geraldo"[1250]

(d)       GONTARD .  "Ademarus comes [Valentinensis] [et] Roteldis uxor mea" confirmed the donations to Cluny by his father by charter dated 1037 jointly with "filii nostri Pontio episcopo, Ugone, Lamberto, Gontardo, Geraldo"[1251]

(e)       GERARD .  "Ademarus comes [Valentinensis] [et] Roteldis uxor mea" confirmed the donations to Cluny by his father by charter dated 1037 jointly with "filii nostri Pontio episcopo, Ugone, Lamberto, Gontardo, Geraldo"[1252]

ii)         LAMBERT (-after 1 Oct [1011])Bishop of Valence in 995, although this was initially disputed by Humbert of the family of the Comtes d'Albon.  "Lambertus episcopus [Valentinensi]" donated property "in loco Sancti Victoris Sanctique Fortunati…Castanetus" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre, confirmed by "Ademari comitis fratris episcopi", by charter dated 1 Oct [1011][1253]

 

 

1.         GEILIN [II] (-[7 Dec] ----).  The 13th century obituary of the Eglise primatiale de Lyon records the death "VII Id Dec" of "Gelinus comes, qui dedit fratribus calcaria aurea valentia mille sol…"[1254], although this entry could alternatively refer to Count Geilinus [I] (see above).  m AVA, daughter of ---.  "Geilinus comes cum filiis suis Odone episcopo, Arberto, Rostagno, Ugone, Conone et uxore Ava" donated property "locum de Sancto Bartholomeo cum ecclesia de Madernatis…[in pago Viennensi]" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre by charter dated 18 Mar 1058[1255].  Geilin [II] & his wife had six children: 

a)         ARBERT .  "Geilinus comes cum filiis suis Odone episcopo, Arberto, Rostagno, Ugone, Conone et uxore Ava" donated property "locum de Sancto Bartholomeo cum ecclesia de Madernatis…[in pago Viennensi]" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre by charter dated 18 Mar 1058[1256]

b)         ODO (-1063).  "Geilinus comes cum filiis suis Odone episcopo, Arberto, Rostagno, Ugone, Conone et uxore Ava" donated property "locum de Sancto Bartholomeo cum ecclesia de Madernatis…[in pago Viennensi]" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre by charter dated 18 Mar 1058[1257]Bishop of Valence 1056. 

c)         ROSTAIN .  "Geilinus comes cum filiis suis Odone episcopo, Arberto, Rostagno, Ugone, Conone et uxore Ava" donated property "locum de Sancto Bartholomeo cum ecclesia de Madernatis…[in pago Viennensi]" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre by charter dated 18 Mar 1058[1258]

d)         HUGUES .  "Geilinus comes cum filiis suis Odone episcopo, Arberto, Rostagno, Ugone, Conone et uxore Ava" donated property "locum de Sancto Bartholomeo cum ecclesia de Madernatis…[in pago Viennensi]" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre by charter dated 18 Mar 1058[1259]

e)         CONON .  "Geilinus comes cum filiis suis Odone episcopo, Arberto, Rostagno, Ugone, Conone et uxore Ava" donated property "locum de Sancto Bartholomeo cum ecclesia de Madernatis…[in pago Viennensi]" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre by charter dated 18 Mar 1058[1260]

f)          [GUILLAUME (-1136).  "Geilinus comes" donated property "ecclesiam Sancti Victoris juxta Viennensem civitatem" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre "pro anima Guillelmi filii sui qui monachus factus est in cœnobio Sancti Theofredi et postea fuit eiusdem monasterii abbas" by charter dated 18 Mar 1058[1261], although the following charter in the compilation contradicts this by naming "Umbertus et uxor eius Aymerudis cum filiis suis Guilhermo monacho qui postea abbas effectus est"[1262].  Monk, later abbot of Saint-Chaffre.] 

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de CHÂTEAUNEUF-d´ISERE

 

 

1.         RAYMOND [I] (-[1163/65]).  Seigneur de Châteauneuf-d´Isère.  "Raimundus de Castro Novo" donated property "in territorio Aleissais", in the presence of "domni Odonis Valentini episcopi filiorumque suorum…Ugonis abbatis Leoncelli atque Guenisii", by charter dated to [1163/65][1263]m ---.  The name of Raymond´s wife is not known.  Raymond & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUENIS [I] (-after 1193).  "Raimundus de Castro Novo" donated property "in territorio Aleissais", in the presence of "domni Odonis Valentini episcopi filiorumque suorum…Ugonis abbatis Leoncelli atque Guenisii", by charter dated to [1163/65][1264]Seigneur de Châteauneuf-d´Isère.  "Guenisius de Castro Novo" confirmed a donation of property to Léoncel by "Pontio Galatéu", by charter dated 1165[1265].  "Guinisius de Castronovo et Gontardus filius eius" confirmed the donation by "Guidelinus de Cabeolo" of "in mandamento Pisantiani…mansum…deuz Crocs et mediatem mansi…Chapoteirs" to Léoncel by charter dated 1188[1266].  "Hugo fratrum Bonevallis" confirmed the donation by "Guenesius de Castro Novo frater meus et uxor eius Aaldis et filius eorum Guntardus", which confirmed an earlier donation by "Raymundus pater noster", to Léoncel by charter dated 4 Nov 1188[1267].  "Guinisius de Castello Novo et filii mei Gontardus et Guinisius" confirmed the donation by "pater meus Raymundus de Castello Novo" to Léoncel, in the presence of "Hugonis fratris mei quondam abbatis Leoncelli", by charter dated 1193 which refers to "uxor Gontardi", and another similar donation dated 1193 witnessed by "…W. de Castronovo, Ar. nepos eius…"[1268]m ALEDIS, daughter of --- (-after 4 Nov 1188).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 4 Nov 1188 under which "Hugo fratrum Bonevallis" confirmed the donation by "Guenesius de Castro Novo frater meus et uxor eius Aaldis et filius eorum Guntardus", which confirmed an earlier donation by "Raymundus pater noster", to Léoncel[1269].  Guenis & his wife had two children: 

i)          GONTARD .  "Guinisius de Castronovo et Gontardus filius eius" confirmed the donation by "Guidelinus de Cabeolo" of "in mandamento Pisantiani…mansum…deuz Crocs et mediatem mansi…Chapoteirs" to Léoncel by charter dated 1188[1270].  "Hugo fratrum Bonevallis" confirmed the donation by "Guenesius de Castro Novo frater meus et uxor eius Aaldis et filius eorum Guntardus", which confirmed an earlier donation by "Raymundus pater noster", to Léoncel by charter dated 4 Nov 1188[1271].  "Guinisius de Castello Novo et filii mei Gontardus et Guinisius" confirmed the donation by "pater meus Raymundus de Castello Novo" to Léoncel by charter dated 1193[1272]

ii)         GUENIS [II] (-before 18 Feb 1248).  "Guinisius de Castello Novo et filii mei Gontardus et Guinisius" confirmed the donation by "pater meus Raymundus de Castello Novo" to Léoncel by charter dated 1193[1273].  "Guinisius dominus Castri Novi" donated property to Léoncel by charter dated 1223[1274]

-         see below

b)         HUGUES .  "Raimundus de Castro Novo" donated property "in territorio Aleissais", in the presence of "domni Odonis Valentini episcopi filiorumque suorum…Ugonis abbatis Leoncelli atque Guenisii", by charter dated to [1163/65][1275].  Abbot of Léoncel.  Abbot of Bonneval.  "Hugo fratrum Bonevallis" confirmed the donation by "Guenesius de Castro Novo frater meus et uxor eius Aaldis et filius eorum Guntardus", which confirmed an earlier donation by "Raymundus pater noster", to Léoncel by charter dated 4 Nov 1188[1276].  "Guinisius de Castello Novo et filii mei Gontardus et Guinisius" confirmed the donation by "pater meus Raymundus de Castello Novo" to Léoncel, in the presence of "Hugonis fratris mei quondam abbatis Leoncelli", by charter dated 1193[1277]

 

2.         GUILLAUMESeigneur de Châteauneuf-d´Isère"Willelmus dominus Castri Novi" granted rights to Léoncel by undated charter, dated to the mid- to late.12th century[1278].  "Guinisius de Castello Novo et filii mei Gontardus et Guinisius" donated property to Léoncel by charter dated 1193 witnessed by "…W. de Castronovo, Ar. nepos eius…"[1279]

 

3.         HUMBERT de Châteauneuf (-after Apr 1226).  "Umbertus de Castro Novo" donated property to Léoncel by charter dated Apr 1226[1280].  A charter dated 4 Aug 1290 confirms donations by "Castri Novi…dominis quondam dicti castri…Guinisio et eius fratribus…Raymundo patre suo et Guinisio et Raymundo avis et proavis dicti Guinisii" and by "Odilone de Castro Buco et ab Humberto de Castro Novo et a Rixente et Guillelmeto eius filio et suis predecessoribus videl. Humberto de Castro Novo et ab Arnalda filia quondam Arnaldi de Castro Novo dominis quondam parciariis…territorii…dicti castri"[1281]

 

 

GUENIS [II] de Châteauneuf, son of GUENIS [I] Seigneur de Châteauneuf & his wife Aleidis --- (-before 18 Feb 1248).  "Guinisius de Castello Novo et filii mei Gontardus et Guinisius" confirmed the donation by "pater meus Raymundus de Castello Novo" to Léoncel by charter dated 1193[1282].  "Guinisius dominus Castri Novi" donated property to Léoncel by charter dated 1223[1283]

m ---.  The name of Guenis´s wife is not known. 

Guenis [II] & his wife had one child: 

1.         RAYMOND [II] (-before 24 Nov 1282).  "Raimundus de Castro Novo, filius quondam Guinisii de Castro Novo" donated property to Léoncel by charter dated 18 Feb 1248[1284]m VIERNE, daughter of --- (-after 24 Nov 1282).  "Guenisius Castri Novi" confirmed donations of property to Léoncel by "Raymodum de Castro Novo progenitorem suum" to Léoncel by charter dated [24/25] Nov 1282, witnessed by "dom. Vierna mater ipsius Guenisii et Haelys eius uxor, Gunotardus, Guillelmus canonicus Vivariensis et Raymondetus, fratres dicti Guenisii"[1285].  Raymond [II] & his wife had four children: 

a)         GUENIS [III] (-[24 Nov 1282/4 Aug 1290]).  "Guenisius Castri Novi" confirmed donations of property to Léoncel by "Raymodum de Castro Novo progenitorem suum" to Léoncel by charter dated [24/25] Nov 1282, witnessed by "dom. Vierna mater ipsius Guenisii et Haelys eius uxor, Gunotardus, Guillelmus canonicus Vivariensis et Raymondetus, fratres dicti Guenisii"[1286].  A charter dated 4 Aug 1290 confirms donations by "Castri Novi…dominis quondam dicti castri…Guinisio et eius fratribus…Raymundo patre suo et Guinisio et Raymundo avis et proavis dicti Guinisii" and by "Odilone de Castro Buco et ab Humberto de Castro Novo et a Rixente et Guillelmeto eius filio et suis predecessoribus videl. Humberto de Castro Novo et ab Arnalda filia quondam Arnaldi de Castro Novo dominis quondam parciariis…territorii…dicti castri"[1287]m HALISE, daughter of ---.  "Guenisius Castri Novi" confirmed donations of property to Léoncel by "Raymodum de Castro Novo progenitorem suum" to Léoncel by charter dated [24/25] Nov 1282, witnessed by "dom. Vierna mater ipsius Guenisii et Haelys eius uxor, Gunotardus, Guillelmus canonicus Vivariensis et Raymondetus, fratres dicti Guenisii"[1288]

b)         GONTARD .  "Guenisius Castri Novi" confirmed donations of property to Léoncel by "Raymodum de Castro Novo progenitorem suum" to Léoncel by charter dated [24/25] Nov 1282, witnessed by "dom. Vierna mater ipsius Guenisii et Haelys eius uxor, Gunotardus, Guillelmus canonicus Vivariensis et Raymondetus, fratres dicti Guenisii"[1289]

c)         GUILLAUME .  "Guenisius Castri Novi" confirmed donations of property to Léoncel by "Raymodum de Castro Novo progenitorem suum" to Léoncel by charter dated [24/25] Nov 1282, witnessed by "dom. Vierna mater ipsius Guenisii et Haelys eius uxor, Gunotardus, Guillelmus canonicus Vivariensis et Raymondetus, fratres dicti Guenisii"[1290]

d)         RAYMOND .  "Guenisius Castri Novi" confirmed donations of property to Léoncel by "Raymodum de Castro Novo progenitorem suum" to Léoncel by charter dated [24/25] Nov 1282, witnessed by "dom. Vierna mater ipsius Guenisii et Haelys eius uxor, Gunotardus, Guillelmus canonicus Vivariensis et Raymondetus, fratres dicti Guenisii"[1291]

 

 

1.         PIERRE de Châteauneuf (-before 21 Jan 1284).  m RIXENDE, daughter of --- (-after 21 Jan 1284).  "Rixentem relictam Petri de Castronovo ad ripam Ysare quondam et Willelmetum filium suum" confirmed agreement with Léoncel by charter dated 21 Jan 1284, which names "Willelmeto Richardi sororio dicte Rixentis"[1292].  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME .  "Rixentem relictam Petri de Castronovo ad ripam Ysare quondam et Willelmetum filium suum" confirmed agreement with Léoncel by charter dated 21 Jan 1284, which names "Willelmeto Richardi sororio dicte Rixentis"[1293].  A charter dated 4 Aug 1290 confirms donations by "Castri Novi…dominis quondam dicti castri…Guinisio et eius fratribus…Raymundo patre suo et Guinisio et Raymundo avis et proavis dicti Guinisii" and by "Odilone de Castro Buco et ab Humberto de Castro Novo et a Rixente et Guillelmeto eius filio et suis predecessoribus videl. Humberto de Castro Novo et ab Arnalda filia quondam Arnaldi de Castro Novo dominis quondam parciariis…territorii…dicti castri"[1294]

2.         GUILLAUME .  "Rixentem relictam Petri de Castronovo ad ripam Ysare quondam et Willelmetum filium suum" confirmed agreement with Léoncel by charter dated 21 Jan 1284, which names "Willelmeto Richardi sororio dicte Rixentis"[1295]

 

 

 

C.      SEIGNEURS de MIRABEL

 

 

1.         PIERRE de Mirabel (-before Nov 1150).  "…Petrus de Mirabello et Geraldus frater meus…" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches, by charter dated to the 1130s[1296].  "…Petrus de Mirabel et Geraldus frater eius…" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches, by charter dated 1138[1297].  "Geraldus de Montesecuro et…uxor Geraldi…Galiana" donated property "in castello de Bolbotone", attaching the portion of "Petri de Mirabel, fratris mei Geraldi" and other property which "Petrus habuit in vita sua", the Templars at Richerenches by charter dated Nov 1150[1298]

2.         GERAUD (-after Nov 1150).  "…Petrus de Mirabello et Geraldus frater meus…" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches, by charter dated to the 1130s[1299].  "…Petrus de Mirabel et Geraldus frater eius…" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches, by charter dated 1138[1300].  Seigneur de Montségur.  "Geraldus de Montesecuro et…uxor Geraldi…Galiana" donated property "in castello de Bolbotone", attaching the portion of "Petri de Mirabel, fratris mei Geraldi" and other property which "Petrus habuit in vita sua", the Templars at Richerenches by charter dated Nov 1150[1301]m GALIANE, daughter of --- (-after Nov 1150).  "Geraldus de Montesecuro et…uxor Geraldi…Galiana" donated property "in castello de Bolbotone", attaching the portion of "Petri de Mirabel, fratris mei Geraldi" and other property which "Petrus habuit in vita sua", the Templars at Richerenches by charter dated Nov 1150[1302]

 

3.         ARNOUL de Mirabelm ---.  The name of Arnoul´s wife is not known.  Arnoul & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME Arnoul de Mirabel (-after May 1148).  "Guilelmus Arnulfi de Mirabello et uxor mea Aibellina et filii nostri Petrus de Palude et alii" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches by charter dated May 1148, witnessed by "Bertrando Legeto confratre nostro…"[1303].  m AIBELINE, daughter of --- (-after May 1148).  "Guilelmus Arnulfi de Mirabello et uxor mea Aibellina et filii nostri Petrus de Palude et alii" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches by charter dated May 1148, witnessed by "Bertrando Legeto confratre nostro…"[1304].  Guillaume & his wife had children: 

i)          PIERRE de Palude (-after May 1148).  "Guilelmus Arnulfi de Mirabello et uxor mea Aibellina et filii nostri Petrus de Palude et alii" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches by charter dated May 1148, witnessed by "Bertrando Legeto confratre nostro…"[1305]

ii)         other sons .  "Guilelmus Arnulfi de Mirabello et uxor mea Aibellina et filii nostri Petrus de Palude et alii" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches by charter dated May 1148, witnessed by "Bertrando Legeto confratre nostro…"[1306]

 

4.         PONS de Mirabel (-1213).  "Pontius de Mirabel" donated property to Léoncel, for the souls of "Francone uxoris…et omnium infantium et parentum suorum", by charter dated 1213[1307]m FRANCONE, daughter of --- (-after 1213).  "Pontius de Mirabel" donated property to Léoncel, for the souls of "Francone uxoris…et omnium infantium et parentum suorum", by charter dated 1213, which also records the confirmation by "Francona uxor predicti Pontii de Mirabello cum…duo quoque filii eius Pontius et Arbertus…cum uxoribus suis et due filie sepedicti Pontii…filie eius Petronille", confirmed by "Ugo d´Aosta et uxor eius, Gentio et Pontius frater eius"[1308].  Pons & his wife had four children: 

a)         PONS .  "Pontius de Mirabel" donated property to Léoncel by charter dated 1213, which also records the confirmation by "Francona uxor predicti Pontii de Mirabello cum…duo quoque filii eius Pontius et Arbertus…cum uxoribus suis et due filie sepedicti Pontii…filie eius Petronille"[1309]

b)         ARBERT .  "Pontius de Mirabel" donated property to Léoncel by charter dated 1213, which also records the confirmation by "Francona uxor predicti Pontii de Mirabello cum…duo quoque filii eius Pontius et Arbertus…cum uxoribus suis et due filie sepedicti Pontii…filie eius Petronille"[1310]

c)         PETRONILLE .  "Pontius de Mirabel" donated property to Léoncel by charter dated 1213, which also records the confirmation by "Francona uxor predicti Pontii de Mirabello cum…duo quoque filii eius Pontius et Arbertus…cum uxoribus suis et due filie sepedicti Pontii…filie eius Petronille"[1311]

d)         daughter .  "Pontius de Mirabel" donated property to Léoncel by charter dated 1213, which also records the confirmation by "Francona uxor predicti Pontii de Mirabello cum…duo quoque filii eius Pontius et Arbertus…cum uxoribus suis et due filie sepedicti Pontii…filie eius Petronille"[1312]

 

 

 

D.      SEIGNEURS de MONTEIL

 

 

HUGUES [de Valence, son of ADEMAR Comte de Valence & his wife Rotilde ---] .  "Ademarus comes [Valentinensis] [et] Roteldis uxor mea" confirmed the donations to Cluny by his father by charter dated 1037 jointly with "filii nostri Pontio episcopo, Ugone, Lamberto, Gontardo, Geraldo"[1313].  Chevalier proposes that Hugues, father of the brothers Guillaume, Adémar and Lambert, all named in the Cluny charter dated to [1049/1108] quoted below, was the same person as Hugues son of Adémar Comte de Valence[1314].  He also asserts that these three sons of Hugues were the same persons as Guillaume de Monteil, Adémar Bishop of Le Puy and Lambert-François de Peyrins, whom other sources demonstrate were brothers.  He cites another source which states that Bishop Adémar was the son of an unnamed Comte de Valence.  One difficulty with this co-identity is that the Hugues of the Cluny charter is not referred to as "comes".  On the other hand, it is likely that Hugues was a person of some substance to have been named at all as the father of the three witnesses. 

m ABALDISIA [Adalisia], daughter of ISMIDON [Seigneur de Peyrins] & his wife --- (-after 20 Aug 1108).  "Lambert cognomento Franciscus et mater eius Abaldisia" donated property to the church of Romans, naming "comes Guigo", by charter dated 12 May 1100[1315].  "Lambert François, son fils Rainaldus et sa mère Abaldisia" donated property to the church of Romans by charter dated 20 Aug 1108[1316].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 4 Nov 1097 which records a peace treaty between "Lambert" and the church of Romans (1856), naming "Ismido avus eius"[1317]

Hugues & his wife had three children: 

1.         GUILLAUME HUGUES de Monteil (-1130 or later).  "Artaldus miles de Argentaco et uxor mea Fica et filii mei Ademarus atque Wilelmus" made donations to Cluny by charter dated [1049/1109], subscribed by "Wilelmi filii Hugonis et Ademari fratris sui et Lamberti"[1318].  The chronicler Raymond d'Agiles names "comes Guillelmum Hugonem de Montillo, fratrem Podiensis episcopi", referring to Bishop Adémar[1319].  Adémar Bishop of Le Puy sold property to the monastery of Cliou by charter dated 18 Nov 1095 which names "frater eius Wilhermus de Montilio"[1320]m firstly ---.  m secondly LECERINA, daughter of --- (-after 1157).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Guillaume Hugues & his first wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME HUGUES [II] de Monteil (-[24 Aug 1156/5 Sep 1157]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   m --- de Romestang, daughter of JOFFRED de Romestang & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

Guillaume Hugues [I] & his second wife had one child: 

b)         GIRAUD Adémar [I] de Monteil (-after 1164).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Sire de Monteil.  Seigneur de Grignan 1164. 

-        see below.  

2.         ADEMAR (-Antioch 1 Aug 1098)Bishop of Le Puy .  A charter dated 4 Nov 1097 records a peace treaty between "Lambert" and the church of Romans (1856),stating in the dating clause that it was the second year "quando Aimarus Podiensis episcopus, frater ipsius Lambert" left with the army for Jerusalem[1321].  He is named "dominus Ademarus filius consulis provinciæ Valentinensis" in the Chronicle of Saint-Chaffre[1322]

3.         LAMBERT FRANÇOIS (-1125 or after).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 20 Aug 1108 under which "Lambert François, son fils Rainaldus et sa mère Abaldisia" donated property to the church of Romans[1323].  Seigneur de Peyrins.  A charter dated 4 Nov 1097 records a peace treaty between "Lambert" and the church of Romans (1856),names "Ismido avus eius", and records in the dating clause that it was the second year "quando Aimarus Podiensis episcopus, frater ipsius Lambert" left with the army for Jerusalem[1324].  "Lambert cognomento Franciscus et mater eius Abaldisia" donated property to the church of Romans, naming "comes Guigo", by charter dated 12 May 1100[1325].  A charter dated to [1100] records an agreement between "Guillaume de Clérieu" and "Lambert François" regarding the château de Pisançon[1326]m [1327][ETIENNETTE] de Bourgogne, daughter of daughter of GUILLAUME I Comte de Bourgogne & his wife Etiennette ---.  Her origin is confirmed by her husband Lambert François naming "filium…Raynaldum…nepotem archiepiscopi Guidonis" in a charter dated 1095[1328].  Guy de Bourgogne, after his election as Pope Calixtus II sent a letter to Diego Bishop of Compostela recommending "Robertum Franciscum levirum suum" for a mission, "Robertum" presumably being a copyist's error for "Lambertum"[1329].  1108.  Lambert François & his wife had one child: 

a)         RENAUD FRANÇOIS (-1150 or after).  Lambert François names "filium…Raynaldum…nepotem archiepiscopi Guidonis" in a charter dated 1095[1330].  "Lambert François, son fils Rainaldus et sa mère Abaldisia" donated property to the church of Romans by charter dated 20 Aug 1108[1331].  A charter dated 1138 records agreements between "Reynaud fils de François" and the church of Romans[1332].  A charter dated 1160 records disputes between "Raynaldum Francisci et filios eius…Franciscum et Berlionem" and the canons of the church of Romans[1333]m GUIGONE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Renaud François & his wife had two children: 

i)          FRANÇOIS RENAUD de Peyrins (-after 1174).  A charter dated 1160 records disputes between "Raynaldum Francisci et filios eius…Franciscum et Berlionem" and the canons of the church of Romans[1334].  "François Reynaud" donated property to the church of Romains by charter dated 1174[1335].   

(a)       ---. 

(1)       LAMBERT FRANÇOIS de Peyrins .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  m --- de Beauvoir, daughter of GUILLAUME Seigneur de Beauvoir & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 

-         SEIGNEUR de PEYRINS[1336]

(b)       [RAYMOND de Peyrinsm ---.  The name of Raymond´s wife is not known.  Raymond & his wife had one child: 

(1)       BARNARD (-after May 1240).  "Barnard, fils de Raymon de Peyrins" sold "officium cellerarie", which he held from the church of Romans (1856),to the archbishop of Vienne by charter dated May 1240[1337]

ii)         BERLION FRANÇOIS de Peyrins (-after 1160).  A charter dated 1160 records disputes between "Raynaldum Francisci et filios eius…Franciscum et Berlionem" and the canons of the church of Romans[1338]

 

 

A completely different origin of the Monteil family is set out in a spurious charter dated 21 Mar 1095: 

 

1.         GIRAUD Adémar de Monteil (-before 21 Mar 1095).  m ANNE, daughter of --- d´Albon & his wife ---.  Giraud & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         LAMBERT Adémar (-[21 Mar 1095/21 Sep 1099]).  "Quatuor…fratres Lambertus, Giraudus, Giraudetus et Giraudonetus Adaymarii de Montilio, domini…urbius Montilii, filli heredesque…defunctorum Giraudi Adaymarii de Montilio et Annæ dalphinæ d´Albonis" donated property to Montélimar by charter dated 21 Mar 1095, classified as spurious in the compilation[1339]Seigneur de Monteil.  He is named as deceased in the 21 Sep 1099 charter of his supposed brothers Giraud and Giraudet (see below). 

b)         GIRAUD Adémar (-after 21 Sep 1099).  "Quatuor…fratres Lambertus, Giraudus, Giraudetus et Giraudonetus Adaymarii de Montilio, domini…urbius Montilii, filli heredesque…defunctorum Giraudi Adaymarii de Montilio et Annæ dalphinæ d´Albonis" donated property to Montélimar by charter dated 21 Mar 1095, classified as spurious in the compilation[1340]Seigneur de Monteil.  "Giraudus et Giraudetus Adaymarii de Montilio fratres, domini Montilii Adaymarii…heredes defunctorum fratrum quondam…Lamberti Adaymarii de Montilio vicecomitis Massiliæ et Giraudoneti Adaymarii de Montilio, baronis baroniarum Alpium, Rupis Mauræ, Barri et Privatii" donated property to Montélimar by charter dated 21 Sep 1099, classified as spurious in the compilation[1341].  "Giraudus Adaym. de Montilio dominus Montilii cum primogenito nostro Giraudono Adaymarii de Grignano, barone totius baroniæ Grignani, Diensis diœcesis" and "Giraudetus Adaym. de Montilio dominus Montilii cum…filio primo nato…Guillelmo Hugone Adaymarii de Garda, baronus totius Barona de Garda Adaymarii, Tricastinen. diœcesis" donated property to Montélimar by charter dated 21 Sep 1099, classified as spurious in the compilation[1342]m ---.  The name of Giraud´s wife is not known.  Giraud & his wife had one child: 

i)          GIRAUD Adémar .  "Giraudus Adaym. de Montilio dominus Montilii cum primogenito nostro Giraudono Adaymarii de Grignano, barone totius baroniæ Grignani, Diensis diœcesis" and "Giraudetus Adaym. de Montilio dominus Montilii cum…filio primo nato…Guillelmo Hugone Adaymarii de Garda, baronus totius Barona de Garda Adaymarii, Tricastinen. diœcesis" donated property to Montélimar by charter dated 21 Sep 1099, classified as spurious in the compilation[1343].  Baron de Grignan.  m ---.  The name of Giraud´s wife is not known.  Giraud & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GIRARD Adémar de Monteil (-[2 Apr 1198/2 Jan 1201]).  "Geraldus Aemarivus et…Lambertus…domini Montilii" to Montélimar of "terra avi et patris sui" by charter dated 1198[1344].  "Nos patrueles Giraudus et Lambertus Adhemarii de Montilio, domini Montilii Adhemarii, cum filiis nostris primogenitus Giraudeto Adhemarii barone de Rupe Maura, Vivarien. diœcesis et Hugone Adhemarii barone de Garda Adhemarii, Tricastin. diœcesis" donated property to Montélimar, confirming the previous donations of "avos et patres nostros", by charter dated 2 Apr 1198, classified as spurious in the compilation[1345].  He appears to be the same person as Giraud Adémar [I] de Monteil (died after 1164) who is shown below. 

c)         GIRAUDET Adémar (-after 21 Sep 1099).  "Quatuor…fratres Lambertus, Giraudus, Giraudetus et Giraudonetus Adaymarii de Montilio, domini…urbius Montilii, filli heredesque…defunctorum Giraudi Adaymarii de Montilio et Annæ dalphinæ d´Albonis" donated property to Montélimar by charter dated 21 Mar 1095, classified as spurious in the compilation[1346]Seigneur de Monteil.  "Giraudus et Giraudetus Adaymarii de Montilio fratres, domini Montilii Adaymarii…heredes defunctorum fratrum quondam…Lamberti Adaymarii de Montilio vicecomitis Massiliæ et Giraudoneti Adaymarii de Montilio, baronis baroniarum Alpium, Rupis Mauræ, Barri et Privatii" donated property to Montélimar by charter dated 21 Sep 1099, classified as spurious in the compilation[1347]m [ALIX de Polignac, daughter of ---.  Her marriage and family origin are confirmed by the charter dated 22 Feb 1161 under which her sons "Guillelmus Hugo Adhemarii de Montilio et Giraudus Adhemarii de Montilio fratres…filii…defunctorum…Giraudeti Adhemarii de Montilio et Alisiæ de Poligniaco" confirmed the donations of "patres et avunculi nostri" dated 21 Mar 1094 and of "avum nostrum" dated 22 Sep 1099 to Montélimar[1348].]  Giraudet & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUILLAUME HUGUES Adémar de Monteil (-after 22 Feb 1161).  "Giraudus Adaym. de Montilio dominus Montilii cum primogenito nostro Giraudono Adaymarii de Grignano, barone totius baroniæ Grignani, Diensis diœcesis" and "Giraudetus Adaym. de Montilio dominus Montilii cum…filio primo nato…Guillelmo Hugone Adaymarii de Garda, baronus totius Barona de Garda Adaymarii, Tricastinen. diœcesis" donated property to Montélimar by charter dated 21 Sep 1099, classified as spurious in the compilation[1349].  "Geraldus Ademarii" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches, and confirmed the similar donation by "frater meus Wilelmus Hugonis", by charter dated 5 Sep 1158 (redated to 1157)[1350].  Baron de Garde.  "Guillelmus Hugo Adhemarii de Montilio et Giraudus Adhemarii de Montilio fratres…filii…defunctorum…Giraudeti Adhemarii de Montilio et Alisiæ de Poligniaco" confirmed the donations of "patres et avunculi nostri" dated 21 Mar 1094 and of "avum nostrum" dated 22 Sep 1099 to Montélimar by charter dated 22 Feb 1161, witnessed by "Guillelmus de Pictavia comes Valentinensis et Diensis, Eustachius de Pictavia, præpositus ecclesiæ cathedralis civitatis Valentiæ, fratres et filii defunctorum…Aymarii de Pictaviæ et Veronicæ Adhemarii de Montilio amitæ…contrahentium, quondam comitum Valentinen. et Dyens", classified as spurious in the compilation[1351]

ii)         GIRAUD Adémar de Monteil (-after 12 Apr 1164).  "Guillelmus Hugo Adhemarii de Montilio et Giraudus Adhemarii de Montilio fratres…filii…defunctorum…Giraudeti Adhemarii de Montilio et Alisiæ de Poligniaco" confirmed the donations of "patres et avunculi nostri" dated 21 Mar 1094 and of "avum nostrum" dated 22 Sep 1099 to Montélimar by charter dated 22 Feb 1161, classified as spurious in the compilation[1352].  "Geraldus Ademarii" donated property to the Templars at Richerenches, and confirmed the similar donation by "frater meus Wilelmus Hugonis", by charter dated 5 Sep 1158 (redated to 1157)[1353].  Emperor Friedrich II confirmed the donation by "Geraldus Ademari" to Montélimar of "terra avi et patris sui" by charter dated 12 Apr 1164[1354]

d)         GIRAUDONET Adémar (-[21 Mar 1095/21 Sep 1099]).  "Quatuor…fratres Lambertus, Giraudus, Giraudetus et Giraudonetus Adaymarii de Montilio, domini…urbius Montilii, filli heredesque…defunctorum Giraudi Adaymarii de Montilio et Annæ dalphinæ d´Albonis" donated property to Montélimar by charter dated 21 Mar 1095, classified as spurious in the compilation[1355]Seigneur de Monteil.  He is named as deceased in the 21 Sep 1099 charter of his supposed brothers Giraud and Giraudet (see above). 

e)         [VERONIQUE Adémar de Monteil .  According to the charter dated 22 Sep 1099, under which "Guillelmus Hugo Adhemarii de Montilio et Giraudus Adhemarii de Montilio fratres…filii…defunctorum…Giraudeti Adhemarii de Montilio et Alisiæ de Poligniaco" confirmed the donations of "patres et avunculi nostri" dated 21 Mar 1094 and of "avum nostrum" dated 22 Sep 1099 to Montélimar, witnessed by "Guillelmus de Pictavia comes Valentinensis et Diensis, Eustachius de Pictavia, præpositus ecclesiæ cathedralis civitatis Valentiæ, fratres et filii defunctorum…Aymarii de Pictaviæ et Veronicæ Adhemarii de Montilio amitæ…contrahentium, quondam comitum Valentinen. et Dyens"[1356], the wife of Aymar [I] de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois was the daughter of Giraud Adémar de Monteil.  This charter is classified as spurious in the compilation, along with other similar charters in the same series, and it is uncertain how much of the genealogical information contained therein is based on historical fact.  m AYMAR [I] de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois, son of [GUILLAUME de Poitiers & his wife ---].] 

 

 

GIRAUD Adémar [I] de Monteil, son of GUILLAUME HUGUES [I] de Monteil & his second wife Lecerina --- (-after 1164).  "Geraldus Aemarivus et…Lambertus…domini Montilii" to Montélimar of "terra avi et patris sui" by charter dated 1198[1357].  "Nos patrueles Giraudus et Lambertus Adhemarii de Montilio, domini Montilii Adhemarii, cum filiis nostris primogenitus Giraudeto Adhemarii barone de Rupe Maura, Vivarien. diœcesis et Hugone Adhemarii barone de Garda Adhemarii, Tricastin. diœcesis" donated property to Montélimar, confirming the previous donations of "avos et patres nostros", by charter dated 2 Apr 1198, classified as spurious in the compilation[1358]

m ---.  The name of Giraud´s wife is not known. 

Giraud Adémar [I] & his wife had two children: 

1.         GIRAUD Adémar [II] de Monteil (-1244 or after).  "Nos patrueles Giraudus et Lambertus Adhemarii de Montilio, domini Montilii Adhemarii, cum filiis nostris primogenitus Giraudeto Adhemarii barone de Rupe Maura, Vivarien. diœcesis et Hugone Adhemarii barone de Garda Adhemarii, Tricastin. diœcesis" donated property to Montélimar, confirming the previous donations of "avos et patres nostros", by charter dated 2 Apr 1198, classified as spurious in the compilation[1359].  Baron de Roche Maure.  "Nos Hugo Adhemarii de Montilio, dominus…urbis Montilii Adhemarii, Valentin. diœcesis, baroque Gardæ Adhemarii…Tricastin. diœcesis, et Giraudys Adhemarii de Montilio dominus…urbis Montilii baroque Rupis Mauræ, Vivarien. diœcesis" donated property to Montélimar, confirming the previous donations of "patrum nostrorum…Lamberti et Giraudi Adhemarii de Montilio patruelium", by charter dated 2 Jan 1201, classified as spurious in the compilation[1360].  "Geraldus Ademar…vicecomes Marsilie et…Mabilia eius uxor" granted privileges to bishopric of Marseille by charter dated 11 Oct 1214[1361].  "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii et vicecomes Massilie et Mabalia eius uxor domina Montilii et vicecomitissa Massilie" confirmed a convention between Pierre Bishop of Marseille and "vicecomites Massilie…Ugonem Gaufredi, dicte Mabilie avum et Bertrandum fratrem eiusdem Ugonis et Ugonem Gaufridi Sardum nepotem eorum filium Gaufridi de Massilia" by charter dated 22 Apr 1215[1362].  "Geraldetus filius domi G. Ade…dominus Montilii et vicecomes Masilie" donated property to Montélimar by charter dated Jun 1222[1363].  "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii et…Geraldetus eius filius" donated property to Montélimar by charter dated 20 Dec 1228[1364]m (before 7 Mar 1201) MABILE de Marseille, daughter of GUILLAUME [VI] "le Gros" Vicomte de Marseille & his wife Laure de Saint-Julien (-after 1 Jun 1249, bur Monastery of Saint-Pons).  "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii et vicecomes Massilie et Mabalia eius uxor domina Montilii et vicecomitissa Massilie" confirmed a convention between Pierre Bishop of Marseille and "vicecomites Massilie…Ugonem Gaufredi, dicte Mabilie avum et Bertrandum fratrem eiusdem Ugonis et Ugonem Gaufridi Sardum nepotem eorum filium Gaufridi de Massilia" by charter dated 22 Apr 1215[1365].  Vicomtesse de Marseille.  "Giraud-Adhemar seigneur de Montélimar, Vicomte de Marseille et la vicomtesse Mabile" agreed the marriage of "leur fille Eudiarde…lorsqu'elle sera nubile" to "Raymond de Baux…son fils Bertrand" by charter dated 2 Apr 1213, which also names "Mabile…sa mère Laure"[1366].  The testament of "Mabile épouse de Giraud-Adhémar seigneur de Monteil, Vicomte de Marseille" is dated 1 Jun 1249, in which she requests burial "dans le monastère de Saint-Pons" and makes bequests to "Eudiarde sa fille, épouse de Bertrand de Baux seigneur de Meyrargues…sa fille Giraude…sa fille Marie religieuse au monastère de Saint-Pons…son fils Adhémar""[1367].  Giraud & his wife had three children: 

a)         GIRARD Adémar [III] de Monteil (-after 11 Apr 1262)"Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii et…Geraldetus eius filius" donated property to Montélimar by charter dated 20 Dec 1228[1368].  An undated charter records a settlement between "consules…in villa…Montispessulani" and "Guiraudum Adaymarii dominum Montilii"[1369]

-        see below

b)         ADEMAR Adémar de Monteil (-after 10 Aug 1280).  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "…fratrem meum fratrem Ademarium, de ordine Fratrum Minorum"[1370].  "Gir Ademarii dominus Montilii" granted privileges by charter dated 10 Aug 1280, with the advice of "fratris Adzemarii avunculi sui, de ordine Fratrum Minorem"[1371]

-        SEIGNEURS de GRIGNAN[1372]

c)         EUDIARDE de Monteil (-after 7 May 1257)"Giraud-Adhemar seigneur de Montélimar, Vicomte de Marseille et la vicomtesse Mabile" agreed the marriage of "leur fille Eudiarde…lorsqu'elle sera nubile" to "Raymond de Baux…son fils Bertrand" by charter dated 2 Apr 1213, which also names "Mabile…sa mère Laure"[1373].  "Raymond de Baux…sa belle-fille Eudiarde épouse de Bertrand et fille de Mabile et de Giraud-Adhemar" sold property to Marseille by charter dated 12 Jun 1228[1374].  The testament of "Eudiarde , fille de feus Giraud-Adhemar et Mabile" is dated 7 May 1257, in which she chooses burial "dans le monastère de Saint-Pons de Gémenos" and makes bequests to "son fils Hugues de Baux…sa fille Mabile…son frère Adhémar"[1375]m ([14 Oct 1213/12 Jun 1228]) BERTRAND de Baux, son of RAYMOND de Baux & his wife Alasacie de Marseille (-[2 Oct 1251/7 May 1257]). 

2.         LAMBERT Adémar de Monteil (-before 12 Feb 1230).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Geraldus Aemarivus et…Lambertus…domini Montilii" donated property to Montélimar of "terra avi et patris sui" by charter dated 1198[1376]

-        SEIGNEURS de la GARDE

 

 

GIRARD Adémar [III] de Monteil, son of GIRARD Adémar [II] de Monteil & his wife Mabile de Marseille (-after 11 Apr 1262)"Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii et…Geraldetus eius filius" donated property to Montélimar by charter dated 20 Dec 1228[1377].  An undated charter records a settlement between "consules…in villa…Montispessulani" and "Guiraudum Adaymarii dominum Montilii"[1378].  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "filie mee Mar…Lamberto marito suo…filie mee Ademarie…Guilelmo domino Turnonis marito suo…Marceline et Ticburgi, Agnete et Laurete et Geraldete filiabus meis…Guillelmeto et Ademario et Guigoneto et Geraldeto inpuberi filiis meis et liberis…Ticburgis uxor mea pregnans…Geraldum Ademarii filium meum puberem…fratrem meum fratrem Ademarium, de ordine Fratrum Minorum"[1379]

m TIBURGE, daughter of --- (-after 11 Apr 1262).  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "…Ticburgis uxor mea pregnans…"[1380].  "Dom. Geraldus Ademarii, dominus Montilii Ademarii", in the presence of and with the consent of "dom Tiburgi matre sua…", donated property to Monteil, for "dom Lamberto domino Montilii Ademarii", by charter dated 14 Oct 1275[1381]

Girard & his wife had thirteen children: 

1.         GIRARD Adémar [IV] de Monteil (-[25 May 1315/27 Apr 1316]).  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "…Geraldum Ademarii filium meum puberem…"[1382].  "Dom. Geraldus Ademarii, dominus Montilii Ademarii", in the presence of and with the consent of "dom Tiburgi matre sua…et dom R-dus de Baucis princeps Aurasicensis et dom Gaucherius dominus de Seseresta", donated property to Monteil, for "dom Lamberto domino Montilii Ademarii", by charter dated 14 Oct 1275[1383].  "Gir Ademarii dominus Montilii" granted privileges by charter dated 10 Aug 1280, with the advice of "fratris Adzemarii avunculi sui, de ordine Fratrum Minorem"[1384].  "Giraudus Ademarii dominus Montilii" issued a charter dated 27 Feb 1280 relating to matrimonial abuses, naming "Lamberti domini Montilii parerii nostri"[1385].  "Giraudus Adzemari dominus Montilii…[et] Lamberti domini Montilii" reached agreement by charter dated 30 Dec 1280 regarding their respective authority, naming "Guigonis Ademarii fratris sui, de ordine milicie Templi…"[1386]m firstly as her second husband, DRAGONETTE de Montauban, widow of BERTRAND de Baux, daughter of DRAGONET de Mondragon Sire de Montauban & his wife Alguse de Mévouillon (-[27 Jan 1291/21 Dec 1293], bur Valréas).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriages has not yet been identified.  m secondly ARTAUDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Girard Adémar [IV] & his second wife had one child: 

a)         GIRARD Adémar [V] de Monteil (-[14 May 1352/28 May 1353])m (before 28 Apr 1309) ALESIE de Valentinois, daughter of AYMAR [IV] de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois et de Diois & his [first wife Hippolyte de Bourgogne dame de Saint-Vallier/second wife Marguerite de Genève] (-5 Aug 1343).  A charter dated 28 Apr 1309 confirmed the dowry for the marriage of "dom. Geraudus Adzem, dominus Montilii Adzemarii" and "Adzemario de Pictavia comite Valentino…Alasia filia"[1387]

-        SEIGNEURS de MONTELIMAR[1388]

2.         MARAGDE .  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "filie mee Mar…Lamberto marito suo…"[1389]m (before 11 Apr 1262) LAMBERT, son of ---. 

3.         ADEMARE .  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "…filie mee Ademarie…Guilelmo domino Turnonis marito suo…"[1390]m (before 11 Apr 1262) GUILLAUME Seigneur de Tournon, son of ---. 

4.         GUILLAUME .  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "…Guillelmeto et Ademario et Guigoneto et Geraldeto inpuberi filiis meis et liberis…"[1391]

5.         ADEMAR .  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "…Guillelmeto et Ademario et Guigoneto et Geraldeto inpuberi filiis meis et liberis…"[1392]

6.         GUIGUES (-after 30 Dec 1280).  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "…Guillelmeto et Ademario et Guigoneto et Geraldeto inpuberi filiis meis et liberis…"[1393].  Knight Templar.  "Giraudus Adzemari dominus Montilii…[et] Lamberti domini Montilii" reached agreement by charter dated 30 Dec 1280 regarding their respective authority, naming "Guigonis Ademarii fratris sui, de ordine milicie Templi…"[1394]

7.         GIRARDET .  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "…Guillelmeto et Ademario et Guigoneto et Geraldeto inpuberi filiis meis et liberis…"[1395]

8.         MARCELINE .  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "…Marceline et Ticburgi, Agnete et Laurete et Geraldete filiabus meis…"[1396]

9.         TIBURGE .  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "…Marceline et Ticburgi, Agnete et Laurete et Geraldete filiabus meis…"[1397]

10.      AGNETTE .  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "…Marceline et Ticburgi, Agnete et Laurete et Geraldete filiabus meis…"[1398]

11.      LAURETTE .  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "…Marceline et Ticburgi, Agnete et Laurete et Geraldete filiabus meis…"[1399]

12.      GIRARDETTE .  The testament of "Geraldus Ademarii dominus Montilii" is dated 11 Apr 1262 and bequeathes property to "…Marceline et Ticburgi, Agnete et Laurete et Geraldete filiabus meis…"[1400]

13.      child ([11 Apr/Dec] [1262]-). 

 

 

 

E.      SEIGNEURS de la GARDE

 

 

LAMBERT Adémar de Monteil, son of GIRAUD Adémar [I] de Monteil & his wife --- (-before 12 Feb 1230).  "Geraldus Aemarivus et…Lambertus…domini Montilii" donated property to Montélimar of "terra avi et patris sui" by charter dated 1198[1401].  "Nos patrueles Giraudus et Lambertus Adhemarii de Montilio, domini Montilii Adhemarii, cum filiis nostris primogenitus Giraudeto Adhemarii barone de Rupe Maura, Vivarien. diœcesis et Hugone Adhemarii barone de Garda Adhemarii, Tricastin. diœcesis" donated property to Montélimar, confirming the previous donations of "avos et patres nostros", by charter dated 2 Apr 1198, classified as spurious in the compilation[1402]

m TIBURGE de Baux, daughter of BERTRAND Sire de Baux & his wife Tiburge d'Orange.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

Lambert & his wife had two children: 

1.         HUGUES Adémar de Monteil (-before 2 Jun 1247).  "Nos patrueles Giraudus et Lambertus Adhemarii de Montilio, domini Montilii Adhemarii, cum filiis nostris primogenitus Giraudeto Adhemarii barone de Rupe Maura, Vivarien. diœcesis et Hugone Adhemarii barone de Garda Adhemarii, Tricastin. diœcesis" donated property to Montélimar, confirming the previous donations of "avos et patres nostros", by charter dated 2 Apr 1198, classified as spurious in the compilation[1403].  Baron de Garda.  "Nos Hugo Adhemarii de Montilio, dominus…urbis Montilii Adhemarii, Valentin. diœcesis, baroque Gardæ Adhemarii…Tricastin. diœcesis, et Giraudys Adhemarii de Montilio dominus…urbis Montilii baroque Rupis Mauræ, Vivarien. diœcesis" donated property to Montélimar, confirming the previous donations of "patrum nostrorum…Lamberti et Giraudi Adhemarii de Montilio patruelium", by charter dated 2 Jan 1201, classified as spurious in the compilation[1404]

-        see below

2.         BRIENDE de Beynes (-after Jul 1224).  "Brienni uxoris mee et Filippi filii mei et ceterorum liberorum meorum" consented to the donation by "Guido de Monteforti" to Port-Royal by charter dated Jul 1224[1405].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and first marriage has not yet been identified.  m firstly LAMBERT de Thury Baron de Lombers, son of ---.  m secondly as his second wife, GUY de Montfort Seigneur de la Ferté-Alais et de Castres-en-Albegeois, son of SIMON [IV] Sire de Montfort & his wife Amicie of Leicester (-killed in battle Vareilles near Pamiers 31 Jan 1228, bur Abbaye de Haute-Bruyère). 

 

 

HUGUES Adémar de Monteil, son of LAMBERT Adémar Seigneur de Monteil et de Garde & his wife Tiburge de Baux (-before 2 Jun 1247).  "Nos patrueles Giraudus et Lambertus Adhemarii de Montilio, domini Montilii Adhemarii, cum filiis nostris primogenitus Giraudeto Adhemarii barone de Rupe Maura, Vivarien. diœcesis et Hugone Adhemarii barone de Garda Adhemarii, Tricastin. diœcesis" donated property to Montélimar, confirming the previous donations of "avos et patres nostros", by charter dated 2 Apr 1198, classified as spurious in the compilation[1406].  Baron de Garda.  "Nos Hugo Adhemarii de Montilio, dominus…urbis Montilii Adhemarii, Valentin. diœcesis, baroque Gardæ Adhemarii…Tricastin. diœcesis, et Giraudys Adhemarii de Montilio dominus…urbis Montilii baroque Rupis Mauræ, Vivarien. diœcesis" donated property to Montélimar, confirming the previous donations of "patrum nostrorum…Lamberti et Giraudi Adhemarii de Montilio patruelium", by charter dated 2 Jan 1201, classified as spurious in the compilation[1407]

m ---.  The name of Hugues´s wife is not known. 

Hugues & his wife had three children: 

1.         LAMBERT Adémar de Monteil (-[30 Dec 1280/8 Dec 1285])The marriage contract of "Galburgis filia quondam dom. R. Gibosi domini Medullionis" and "Lamberto domino Montilii filio Hugonis Adhemarii quondam" is dated 2 Jun 1247, and names "Raymundo patruo meo de Medullione…Raymundo de Medullione quondam avo meo paterno"[1408].  "Lambertus dominus Montilii…et Hugonis Ademarii domini Montilii" confirmed donations to Monteil by "Lambertum avum patruum nostrum" by charter dated 21 Aug 1258[1409].  A charter dated 16 Jun 1272 records the emancipation by "Lambertus dominus Montilii Ademarii" of "Hugonem Ademarium filium nostrum legitimum…ex uxore nostra quondam"[1410].  "Giraudus Ademarii dominus Montilii" issued a charter dated 27 Feb 1280 relating to matrimonial abuses, naming "Lamberti domini Montilii parerii nostri"[1411].  "Giraudus Adzemari dominus Montilii…[et] Lamberti domini Montilii" reached agreement by charter dated 30 Dec 1280 regarding their respective authority[1412]m (contract 2 Jun 1247) GALBURGE de Mévouillon, daughter of RAYMOND "Gibosus" Seigneur de Mévouillon & his wife --- (-before 16 Jun 1272).  The marriage contract of "Galburgis filia quondam dom. R. Gibosi domini Medullionis" and "Lamberto domino Montilii filio Hugonis Adhemarii quondam" is dated 2 Jun 1247, and names "Raymundo patruo meo de Medullione…Raymundo de Medullione quondam avo meo paterno"[1413].  It is not known which of the two brothers named Raymond was Raymond "Gibosus" and hence the father of Galburge.  Her date of death is set by the charter dated 16 Jun 1272 which records the emancipation by "Lambertus dominus Montilii Ademarii" of "Hugonem Ademarium filium nostrum legitimum…ex uxore nostra quondam"[1414].  Lambert & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUGUES Adémar de Monteil (-[16 Jun 1272/8 Dec 1285]).  A charter dated 16 Jun 1272 records the emancipation by "Lambertus dominus Montilii Ademarii" of "Hugonem Ademarium filium nostrum legitimum…ex uxore nostra quondam"[1415]m MABILE, daughter of --- (-after 1 Jul 1292).  "Dom. Mabilia domina Montilii, relicta dom. Hugonis Adzemarii bone memorie, condam domini Garde, filii d. Lamberti cond. domini Montilii, tutrix Hugoneti Adzemarii domini Montilii filii sui et dicti dom. Hugonis mariti sui condam" confirmed privileges by charter dated 10 Dec 1285[1416].  A charter dated 1 Jul 1292 confirms the dowry of "Azemarii de Pictavia comitis Valentini…Sibilie filie" for her marriage to "Huguo Adzemarii dominus Montilii", with the consent of "dom Mabilie Montilii et Garde domine, matris et curatricis sue"[1417].  "Mabilia Montilii et Garde domina et Hugo Ademarii eius filius" confirmed the dowry of "A. de Pictavia comiti Valentino…Sibilie filie vestre uxorisque Hugonis Ademarii supradicti" by charter dated 6 Aug 1295[1418].  Hugues & his wife had one child: 

i)          HUGUES Adémar de Monteil ([1275/80]-[11 Jan/5 Jul] 1334, but Aiguebelle).  "Dom. Mabilia domina Montilii, relicta dom. Hugonis Adzemarii bone memorie, condam domini Garde, filii d. Lamberti cond. domini Montilii, tutrix Hugoneti Adzemarii domini Montilii filii sui et dicti dom. Hugonis mariti sui condam" confirmed privileges by charter dated 10 Dec 1285[1419].  -       see below

b)         GUIGUES Adémar de Monteil (-after 8 Dec 1285).  "Guizo Adzemarii dominus Montilii filius quondam dom. Lamberti" confirmed privileges granted by "Lambertus pater dom Huzonis Adzemarii quondam avi nostri" by charter dated 8 Dec 1285, which names "dom. Giraudi avunculi nostri"[1420]

2.         HUGUES Adémar de Monteil (-after 21 Aug 1258).  "Lambertus dominus Montilii…et Hugonis Ademarii domini Montilii" confirmed donations to Monteil by "Lambertum avum patruum nostrum" by charter dated 21 Aug 1258[1421]

3.         GIRAUD Adémar de Monteil (-after 8 Dec 1285).  "Guizo Adzemarii dominus Montilii filius quondam dom. Lamberti" confirmed privileges granted by "Lambertus pater dom Huzonis Adzemarii quondam avi nostri" by charter dated 8 Dec 1285, which names "dom. Giraudi avunculi nostri"[1422]

 

 

HUGUES Adémar de Monteil, son of HUGUES Adémar de Monteil & his wife Mabile --- ([1275/80]-[11 Jan/5 Jul] 1334, but Aiguebelle).  "Dom. Mabilia domina Montilii, relicta dom. Hugonis Adzemarii bone memorie, condam domini Garde, filii d. Lamberti cond. domini Montilii, tutrix Hugoneti Adzemarii domini Montilii filii sui et dicti dom. Hugonis mariti sui condam" confirmed privileges by charter dated 10 Dec 1285[1423].  Seigneur de Monteil et de la Garde.  A charter dated 22 Jan 1291 records a settlement between "Hugonetum Adeymarii, filium Hugonis Adeymarii quondam domini Montilii Adeymarii" and "nobilem virum dom. Philippum de Bernuzono…rectore et comite Venayssini" confirmed privileges by charter dated 10 Dec 1285[1424].  "Guigo dalphinus Viennensis et Albonis comes dominusque de Turre" wrote to "dom Hugoni Adhemarii condomino Montilii consanguineo nostro" regarding the transfer of "baroniam Medulionis" by "avunculo…nostro dom Henrico Dalphini, testamento…domini et genitoris nostri dom dalphini", by charter dated 6 Apr 1326[1425].  The family relationship between Guigues [VIII] Dauphin de Viennois and Hugues has not yet been traced.  The testament of "dom Hugonus Adhemarii dominus Montilii et Gardæ bonæ memoriæ quondam" is dated 11 Jan 1334 and names "Lambertum filium nostrum primogenitum…dom Gaucherium de Montilio militem filium suum…Hugonetum filium nostrum…ex…Stephania uxore nostra…Amedeum filium suum"[1426]

m firstly (contract 1 Jul 1292) SIBYLLE de Valentinois, daughter of AYMAR [IV] de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois et de Diois & his first wife Hippolyte de Bourgogne Dame de Saint-Vallier (-[1309/12]).  A charter dated 1 Jul 1292 confirms the dowry of "Azemarii de Pictavia comitis Valentini…Sibilie filie" for her marriage to "Huguo Adzemarii dominus Montilii", with the consent of "dom Mabilie Montilii et Garde domine, matris et curatricis sue"[1427].  "Mabilia Montilii et Garde domina et Hugo Ademarii eius filius" confirmed the dowry of "A. de Pictavia comiti Valentino…Sibilie filie vestre uxorisque Hugonis Ademarii supradicti" by charter dated 6 Aug 1295[1428]

m secondly (before 25 Jul 1314) STEPHANIE de Baux, daughter of BERTRAND [IV] de Baux Prince d'Orange & his wife Eléonore de Genève (-before 17 Jul 1370).  The testament of "dom Hugonus Adhemarii dominus Montilii et Gardæ bonæ memoriæ quondam" is dated 11 Jan 1334 and names "Lambertum filium nostrum primogenitum…dom Gaucherium de Montilio militem filium suum…Hugonetum filium nostrum…ex…Stephania uxore nostra…Amedeum filium suum"[1429].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  

Hugues & his first wife had two children: 

1.         LAMBERT (-[Dec 1345/23 Jun 1348]).  The testament of "dom Hugonus Adhemarii dominus Montilii et Gardæ bonæ memoriæ quondam" is dated 11 Jan 1334 and names "Lambertum filium nostrum primogenitum…dom Gaucherium de Montilio militem filium suum…Hugonetum filium nostrum…ex…Stephania uxore nostra…Amedeum filium suum"[1430].  "Dom Lambertus Adzemarus dominus Montilii Adzemarii, filius et heres…bone memorie dom Hug Adzemari condam, domini Montilii et Guarde" donated property in Monteil, in the presence of "dom Ay de Pict comitis Valentini et Diensis", by charter dated 8 Jul 1336[1431]m ---.  Lambert & his wife had one child: 

a)         GAUCHIER .  The testament of "dom Hugonus Adhemarii dominus Montilii et Gardæ bonæ memoriæ quondam" is dated 11 Jan 1334 and names "Lambertum filium nostrum primogenitum…dom Gaucherium de Montilio militem filium suum…Hugonetum filium nostrum…ex…Stephania uxore nostra…Amedeum filium suum"[1432].  "Gaucherius Adhemarii miles dominus Montilii" paid homage to "princeps dom Humbertus dalphinus Viennensis" by charter dated 23 Jun 1348[1433]

2.         ADEMAR de Monteil (-12 May 1361)Bishop of Metz 1327. 

Hugues & his second wife had one child: 

3.         HUGUES (-after 1370).  The testament of "dom Hugonus Adhemarii dominus Montilii et Gardæ bonæ memoriæ quondam" is dated 11 Jan 1334 and names "Lambertum filium nostrum primogenitum…dom Gaucherium de Montilio militem filium suum…Hugonetum filium nostrum…ex…Stephania uxore nostra…Amedeum filium suum"[1434]m ---.  Hugues & his wife had one child: 

a)         AMEDEE .  The testament of "dom Hugonus Adhemarii dominus Montilii et Gardæ bonæ memoriæ quondam" is dated 11 Jan 1334 and names "Lambertum filium nostrum primogenitum…dom Gaucherium de Montilio militem filium suum…Hugonetum filium nostrum…ex…Stephania uxore nostra…Amedeum filium suum"[1435]

 

 

 

D.      SEIGNEURS de ROYANS

 

 

1.         GUIDELIN de Royans (-after Dec 1174).  Seigneur de Royans.  "Guedelinus de Royans et filii eius" donated property "in Montana vel territorio de Muson" [Muzan], with the consent of "uxoris sue Flote…Guigonis, Bertrandi [et] aliorum filiorum", by charter dated [6/27] Dec 1174[1436]m FLOTTE, daughter of --- (-after Dec 1174).  Guedelin & his wife had [four or more] children: 

a)         GUIGUES .  "Guedelinus de Royans et filii eius" donated property "in Montana vel territorio de Muson" [Muzan], with the consent of "uxoris sue Flote…Guigonis, Bertrandi [et] aliorum filiorum", by charter dated [6/27] Dec 1174[1437]

b)         BERTRAND .  "Guedelinus de Royans et filii eius" donated property "in Montana vel territorio de Muson" [Muzan], with the consent of "uxoris sue Flote…Guigonis, Bertrandi [et] aliorum filiorum", by charter dated [6/27] Dec 1174[1438]

c)         other children .  "Guedelinus de Royans et filii eius" donated property "in Montana vel territorio de Muson" [Muzan], with the consent of "uxoris sue Flote…Guigonis, Bertrandi [et] aliorum filiorum", by charter dated [6/27] Dec 1174[1439]

 

2.         FRANÇOIS de RoyansSeigneur de Royansm ---.  The name of François´s wife is not known.  François & his wife had one child: 

a)         RAYMONDE (-after 1204).  "Domine Reymonde filie Francisci domini de Royanis, uxor Reymondi Berengari" donated revenue, relating to property owned by "dominum Castri Duplicis", to Léoncel by charter dated 1204[1440]m RAYMOND BERENGER, son of ---. 

 

3.         GUIDELINm ---.  The name of Guidelin´s wife is not known.  Guidelin & his wife had [three or more] children: 

a)         RAIMBAUD BERENGER de Royans "Ossassica" (-before Feb 1234).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1234 under which his daughter "Flota filia quondam Ocreesicce" confirmed donations to Léoncel by "Guidelinus avus meus et filii sui…pater meus et ceteri fratres"[1441]Seigneur de Royansm as her second husband, ALASIE de la Tour, widow of DRODON de Beauvoir, daughter of ALBERT [II] de la Tour du Pin & his wife Marie d'Auvergne (-after Mar 1249, bur abbaye de Bonnevaux).  Under her testament dated Mar 1249, "Alays de Roians, domina castri Sancti Johannis de Bornay, uxor quondam nobilis viri dom Ose Sicce" elected burial "apud…monasterium Bone Vallis", bequeathed property to "Dome Sibille uxori nobilis viri domi Audemari de Pictavia, nepotis mei…nobilem domam Flotam filiam meam…Ugone nepoti meo de Turre, senescalco Lugdunensi" and also names "fratre meo dome Alberto de Turre"[1442].  Raimbaud Bérenger & his wife had one child: 

i)          FLOTTE de Royans (-after Jun 1257).  "Willelmus de Pictavia filius domini Ademari comitis Valentini" donated property to Léoncel 17 Mar 1224, recorded in a charter dated Feb 1234 which also records the confirmation by "domina Flote filia quondam Ocree Sicce et uxor Willelmi de Pictavi predicti"[1443].  Her second marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 9 Oct 1231 under which "Aymo dominus Fuciniaci" mortgaged "castrum de Cresta…dotis dominæ Flotæ uxoris suæ…quondam fuit uxor Willelmi de Pictavia" to "W…electo Valentino"[1444].  "Flota filia quondam Ocreesicce" confirmed donations to Léoncel by "Guidelinus avus meus et filii sui…pater meus et ceteri fratres" by charter dated 1234[1445].  Her name is confirmed by the charter dated 10 Apr 1244 under which "Aymar de Poitiers III comte de Valentinois, fils de feu Guillaume et de Florie" agreed the betrothal of his daughter (see below)[1446].  Under her testament dated Mar 1249, "Alays de Roians, domina castri Sancti Johannis de Bornay, uxor quondam nobilis viri dom Ose Sicce" bequeathes property to "Dome Sibille uxori nobilis viri domi Audemari de Pictavia, nepotis mei…nobilem domam Flotam filiam meam…"[1447].  "Flota domina de Roianis, uxor quondam…Willelmi de Pictavia et mater…Aymari de Pictavia comitis Valentini" recorded a dispute involving the monks of Léoncel by charter dated Jun 1257[1448]m firstly GUILLAUME [II] Comte de Valentinois, son of AYMAR de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois & his wife Philippa de Fay dame de Clérieu (31 Jan 1202-1227 before Jun).  m secondly (contract 9 Oct 1231) as his second wife, AYMON [II] Sire de Faucigny, son of HENRI Sire de Faucigny & his wife Comtesson de Genève (-[Apr/Oct] 1253). 

b)         sons .  Their parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1234 under which his daughter "Flota filia quondam Ocreesicce" confirmed donations to Léoncel by "Guidelinus avus meus et filii sui…pater meus et ceteri fratres"[1449]

c)         [GUIDELIN (-before 22 Jul 1251).  Abbot of Léoncel.  "G. dalphinus Viennensis et Albonis comes