untitled ENGLISH NOBILITY D - K

v3.0 Updated 28 May 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

DAMMARTIN. 3

DOVER. 10

DUNSTANVILLE. 15

ENGAINE. 22

ESSEX. 32

EWIAS. 36

FALAISE. 41

FAMILY of HERBERT FitzHENRY, the CHAMBERLAIN. 43

FAUCOMBERGE. 58

FERRERS. 61

FITZERNEIS. 65

FITZGEROLD. 71

FITZREINFRID. 76

FITZRICHARD. 79

FITZROGER. 83

FITZSWEIN. 89

FITZURSE. 92

FITZWALTER. 95

FITZWARIN. 106

FITZWILLIAM.. 114

FLAMVILLE (FLAMENVILLE) 122

FOLIOT. 126

FORZ. 135

GIFFARD. 140

GLANVILLE. 152

GOURNAY. 160

GOXHILL. 163

GRANDSON. 166

GREY. 168

GREYSTOKE. 180

HARCOURT. 183

HATTON. 186

HESDIN. 187

HOSDENC. 191

KYME. 192

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DAMMARTIN

 

 

EUDES [I] de Dammartin, son of --- (-before [1129/30]).  It is possible that Eudes was a knight who took his name from the castle of Dammartin but was either unrelated, or related only distantly, to the comital family.  According to Domesday Descendants[1], Eudes was the son of Hugues Comte de Dammartin but it is unclear whether this suggestion is based on a specific source.  The same source says that he was father of "Odo, Alberic (chamberlain of Louis VI King of France), William, Stephen, Manasser and Haimo" but it is unclear what precise authorities provide the basis for this.  Possible family groupings of these children are shown below, although the chronology is not ideal.  In particular, Eudes’s supposed son Manassès would have been very old when he died in [1178/79] if Eudes’s three sons Bartholomew, Hamo and William were already old enough to have witnessed a charter dated [before 1135].  The identification of Alberic with the chamberlain of King Louis VI also seems doubtful.  There is so much confusion about the genealogy of the Dammartin family that it is prudent to await further information before incorporating this information into a definitive family reconstruction.  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that King Henry I granted "Mendlesh" in Suffolk to "Odoni de Danmartin" and that it was then held by "Roberto…de Burgate…cum uxore sua heredi Willelmi de Danmartin"[2].  

m BASILIA, daughter of --- (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Basilia uxor Odon de Domartino…arg. dote sua" in Norfolk[3]

Eudes [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         EUDES [II] de Dammartin (-after 1196).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Odo fil Odon de Domartino" in Suffolk[4].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Odo de Danmartin i m" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1167/68][5].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Odone de Dammartin" in Norfolk and Suffolk[6].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Odo de Danmartin xx s, comes Albericus de Danmartin xx s, et in perdone xx s" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1186/87][7].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Odo de Danmartin" paying "xs, i militem" in Norfolk, Suffolk[8].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records that "Odo de Danmartin" paid "xx s, i militem" in Norfolk, Suffolk[9].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Odo de Danmartin" paying "xx s" in Norfolk, Suffolk[10].  Lord of Strumshaw[11]m ---.  The name of Eudes’s wife is not known.  Eudes [II] & his wife had [one possible child]: 

a)         [EUDES [III] de Dammartin (-after 1212).  Heir to Eudes de Dammartin in 1212[12]m (before 1212) --- de Lucy, daughter of REYNOLD de Lucy & his wife Amabel ---.  Her marriage and family origin are confirmed by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Richard de Lucy" gave "Wolenested…medietatem…hundredum de Tenhrigg" in Surrey to "Odoni de Dammartin cum sorore sua in maritagium"[13].] 

2.         [AUBREY de Dammartin (-after [1135]).  It is probable that Aubrey and William de Dammartin were sons of Eudes [I] de Dammartin and his wife Basilia, assuming that Eudes was the only family member who emigrated to England (and the absence of any other Dammartin entries in the 1129/30 Pipe Roll suggests that this is probably correct), but this affiliation has not been confirmed.  The hypothesis appears supported by the charter dated to [1130/35] under which Henry I King of England confirmed "Alberico de Danmartin" in "totam terram patris sui de manerio Norton" [in Suffolk][14], suggesting that Aubrey’s father has recently died, which is in line with the estimated date of death of Eudes [I].  "Aubri comes Dommartini" granted Norton, Suffolk to his brother William by charter dated [before 1135], witnessed by Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin, Hamo de Dammartin and William his brother, Alan de Dammartin, Walter de Dammartin, Matthew de Dammartin, William the bastard, Gilbert de Dammartin and Roger his brother, and Philip de Dammartin[15].] 

3.         [WILLIAM de Dammartin (-after [1135]).  He received Norton, Suffolk from his brother Aubrey [before 1135][16].] 

 

 

The chronology suggests that the following two brothers were not the same persons as the two brothers of the same name who are shown above. 

1.         AUBREY de Dammartin (-after 1190).  “Albricus de Domno Martino et Matilda uxor eius” donated “ecclesiam de Hamertune” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro...[17].  The 1160/61 Pipe Roll names (in order) "Maness de Damartin, Wills de Dammartin, Albr de Dammartin" in Norfolk/Suffolk[18].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Albericus de Danmartin i m" in Yorkshire in [1161/62][19].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Albricus de Danmartin" gave one knight’s fee to "Willelmum de Danmartin fratrem meum" in Suffolk[20].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Albericus de Danmartin xx s, Manasser de Danmartin xx s" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1171/72][21].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Odo de Danmartin xx s, comes Albericus de Danmartin xx s, et in perdone xx s" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1186/87][22].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "comes Albericus" paying "iv s ix d" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire and of "Willelmus de Danmartin, Albericus de Danmartin", each paying "x s, i militem" in Norfolk, Suffolk[23].  [m firstly MATILDA, daughter of ---.  “Albricus de Domno Martino et Matilda uxor eius” donated “ecclesiam de Hamertune” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro...[24].  The witness also donated the same church to Colchester St. John, which suggests a joint interest with the donors.  Maybe Matilda was the sister of Hubert de Saint-Clair.]  m [secondly] as her third husband, JOAN Basset, widow firstly of --- and secondly of ---, daughter of ---.  William Reedy, in the introduction to his collection of Basset charters, states that Joan, sister of Thomas Basset, married Aubry de Dammartin as her third husband[25]

2.         WILLIAM de Dammartin (-after 1194).  The 1160/61 Pipe Roll names (in order) "Maness de Damartin, Wills de Dammartin, Albr de Dammartin" in Norfolk/Suffolk[26].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Albricus de Danmartin" gave one knight’s fee to "Willelmum de Danmartin fratrem meum" in Suffolk[27].  Kinsman of Roger de Clare, from whom he held eleven and a half fees in 1166[28].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "comes Albericus" paying "iv s ix d" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire and of "Willelmus de Danmartin, Albericus de Danmartin", each paying "x s, i militem" in Norfolk, Suffolk[29].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records that "Willelmus de Danmartin" paid "xx s, i militem" in Norfolk, Suffolk[30]

 

 

It is assumed that the following individuals were sisters, but their parentage has not yet been traced. 

1.         EMMA de Dammartin (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Emma et Alicia de Donmartin" paying "xx s, i militem" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire[31]

2.         ALICE de Dammartin (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Emma et Alicia de Donmartin" paying "xx s, i militem" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire[32]

 

 

1.         MANASSES de Dammartin (-[1178/79]).  Maybe "Manassès de Dammartin" who witnessed Aubrey de Dammartin's grant dated to [before 1135][33].  The 1160/61 Pipe Roll names (in order) "Maness de Damartin, Wills de Dammartin, Albr de Dammartin" in Norfolk/Suffolk[34].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Manasserus de Danmartin i m" in Yorkshire in [1161/62][35].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name "Manasser de Danmartin, iii milites" among those providing knights for military service with "Walteri de Meduana" in Kent[36].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Manasser de Danmartin i m" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1167/68][37].  He granted land to his nephew Manassès in [1168][38].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Albericus de Danmartin xx s, Manasser de Danmartin xx s" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1171/72][39].  His donation of land at Hyde to Missenden Abbey names his wife and sons Bartholomew, Odo, Haimo and William[40].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Maneserus de Dammartin" in Essex and Hertfordshire[41]m GALIENA, daughter of ---.   She witnessed her husband's donation to Missenden Abbey[42].  Richard I King of England confirmed a donation to Stratford-at-Bow by “Galienæ et filii eius Bartholomei de Daumartin” by charter dated 9 Oct 1189[43].  Manassès & his wife had four children: 

a)         BARTHOLOMEW (-before 1194).  Maybe "Bartholomew de Dammartin" who witnessed Aubrey de Dammartin's grant dated [before 1135], appearing directly after "Manassès de Dammartin", his supposed father[44].  He witnessed his father donation to Missenden Abbey[45].  He succeeded his father in [1178/79].  Richard I King of England confirmed a donation to Stratford-at-Bow by “Galienæ et filii eius Bartholomei de Daumartin” by charter dated 9 Oct 1189[46]

b)         ODO [IV] .  He witnessed his father donation to Missenden Abbey[47].  

c)         HAIMO .  Maybe "Hamo de Dammartin" who witnessed Aubrey de Dammartin's grant dated [before 1135], appearing directly after "Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin", his supposed father and brother[48].  He witnessed his father donation to Missenden Abbey[49].  

d)         WILLIAM (-1195).  Maybe "William de Dammartin, brother of Hamo" who witnessed Aubrey de Dammartin's grant dated [before 1135], appearing directly after "Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin", his supposed father and other brother[50].  He witnessed his father donation to Missenden Abbey[51].  He succeeded his brother Bartholomew.  m ---.  The name of William's wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          GALIENA (-after 1228).  She was heiress of her paternal grandfather's estates by 1197.  King John confirmed that "Johannes Briewerr" held "terram q fuit Willi de Danmartin…cum Galiena filia eiusdem" by charter dated 28 Feb 1200[52].  King John confirmed "feod i militis in Meldesham…" held by "Johs Briwerr…cum filia et herede Willi de Danmartin" to "Willelmo Briw" by charter dated 22 Mar 1205[53].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that King Henry I granted "Mendlesh" in Suffolk to "Odoni de Danmartin" and that it was then held by "Roberto…de Burgate…cum uxore sua heredi Willelmi de Danmartin"[54].  King John granted "feodum uni militis in Heldesham quod Johannes Briwer teneit cum predicta filia et herede Willelmi de Danmartin" to "Willelmo Briwerr" on the marriage of "Roberto de Burgat" and "Galienam filiam et heredem Willelmi Danmartin" dated 16 Mar 1215[55]"Ernulfus de Mandevill et Galiena uxor eius" appointed an attorney against "Isabellam comitissam Oxonie de custodia terre et heredis Roberti de Burgate" dated 1228[56]m firstly (before 28 Feb 1200) JOHN Briwere, son of --- (-before 22 Mar 1205).  m secondly ([16 Mar 1215]) ROBERT de Burgate, son of --- (-1220).  m thirdly ERNALD de Mandeville, son of --- (-after 1228). 

2.         [daughter .  m ODO de Compeng, son of ---.]  It is not known whether Odo or his wife was the sibling of Manassès de Dammartin.  One child: 

a)         MANASSES .  Son of Odo de Compeng, he was granted land in [1168] by his uncle Manassès de Dammartin[57]

 

 

1.         AGNES .  The 1169/70 Pipe Roll records "De plac’ Alan de Nevill…Hocha tra Agnetis de Dammartin" owing in Surrey[58].

 

 

1.         PHILIP de Dammartin (-before 1185).  m --- (-before 1185).  The name of Philip’s wife is not known.  Philip & his wife had one child: 

a)         PHILIP de Dammartin (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Philippus de Danmartin filius Philippi…in custodia Domini Regis” and his land valued at “lx solidis"[59]

 

 

1.         JOHN de Dammartin (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Johannes de Danmartin" holding one knight’s fee "in Preston" in Kent from the Earl of Arundel in [1210/12][60]

 

2.         MANASSES de Dammartin (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Manasser de Danmartin" holding one knight’s fee "in Mendlesham sicut Johannes Bruerre custos terræ" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1210/12][61]

 

3.         ODO [V] de Dammartin (-after 1210).  It is possible that Odo [V] de Dammartin was the same person as Odo [IV] (see above).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Odo de Danmartin" holding one knight’s fee "in Strumeshage" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1210/12][62]m as her first husband, MARGARET de Briwere, daughter of WILLIAM de Briwere & his wife Beatrice --- (-after 1237).  She married secondly William de la Ferté, and thirdly (divorced) Geoffrey [IV] de Say.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Rogero de Clare et Alicie uxori eius" against "Margeria de Feritate" accusing her of selling assets "in dotem de hereditate ipsius Alicie in Essingham ad exhereditacionem ipsius Alicie", the defendant stating that changes were made by "Galfridus de Say viri sui" before their divorce, and that the damage was caused by "Odon Danmartin primi viri sui"[63].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1233, by "Hugo Wack" against "Margeriam de Feritate et Willelmum de Percy" relating to an agreement "cum Alicia de Moun et predicto Hugone" concerning share of land which was held by "Willelmi Briwere"[64].  Odo [V] & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         [ALICE de Dammartin .  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Surrey, dated 1232, which include "Alicia filia Odonis de Dammartin est maritata Rogero de Clara per dominum regem et habet aliam medietatem de Walknested...de honore Bolonie"[65].  It has not been confirmed that Alice’s father was the same Odo de Dammartin who is named above.  m (before 1232) ROGER de Clare, son of ---.] 

 

4.         MATILDA (-after 29 Sep 1223).  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Matillis de Dammartin” owing in Surrey[66]

 

5.         THOMAS de Dammartin (-before Jul 1230).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Thomas de Danmartin" holding two parts of one knight’s fee "in Bello Campo" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1210/12][67].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in the honour of Boulogne, dated to [1217/18], which includes "Thomas Danmartin" holding "i militem in Belcham"[68].  m ---.  The name of Thomas’s wife is not known.  Thomas & his wife had one child: 

a)         PHILIP de Dammartin .  "Philip son and heir of Thomas de Dammartin" made a fine "for having seisin of the land formerly of the said Thomas in Belchamp St Ethelbert" in Essex, dated 26 Jul 1230[69]

 

6.         WILLIAM de Dammartin .  "…Willielmo de Dammartin…" witnessed the undated charter, dated to [1233/37], under which “Margeria de la Ferte” donated property to Motisfont priory, for the souls of "domini Willielmi Briwerre patris mei et Beatricis matris meæ", and confirmed donations by her father and by "Willielmus Briwer frater meus"[70]

 

 

 

 

DOVER

 

 

1.         FULBERT de Dover (-before 1130).  Domesday Book records that “Fulbert” held Chilham, Eastling and Luddenham in Felborough Hundred of the bishop of Bayeux in Kent[71]m ADELAIDE, daughter of --- (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills fil Ric" returning in Devonshire for "uxore Fulbti de Doura cum dote et maritagio suo"[72].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1151/53] under which (her son) "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…"[73].  Fulbert & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUGH de Dover of Chilham, Kent (-[1167/72]).  "…Hugone de Douvra, Willelmo Trentegeruns tunc temporis vicecomite de Rothomago…" witnessed the charter dated to [end 1150/early Sep 1151] under which "H. dux Normannorum" donated property to Notre-Dame-du-Pré at Rouen[74].  "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee", by charter dated to [1151/53], signed by "…Helya de Chilleham, Mathilde uxore mea, Radulfo filio Willelmi, Willelmo et Johanne fratribus eius, nepotibus meis…Arnaldo de Bolonia"[75].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the names of those providing knights for military service with "Hugonis de Dovra" in Kent[76].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Hugo de Dovra ix l dimidiam marcam de veteri, et de novo i m" in Kent in [1167/68][77].  [The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "feoda Hugonis de Dovra, de militibus honoris de Brunne" paying "l s in hoc comitatu, v milites" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire[78].  The fact that tax was being paid in Hugh’s name approximately 20 years after the estimated date of his death suggests some dispute over his inheritance.]  m MATILDA Peverel, daughter of ROBERT Peverel & his wife Adelicia --- (-before 1185).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Matilda died childless[79].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Matildis de Doure" as oldest of the four sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" adding that she died "sine herede" and that her share in her brother’s inheritance was divided between her three sisters[80].  "Willielmus Peverel de Dovera" donated Bradford mill, donated by "dominus Walchelinus Maminot" for the soul of "Rogeri de Haia", to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1141/48], witnessed by "…Matilla mea conjuge, Matilla de Dovera mea sorore, Acelina mea sorore…"[81].  "…Mathilde uxore mea…" signed the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee"[82].  "William Fitz Warin of Burwasley" witnessed the charter dated to [1161/72] under which "Hugh de Dover and Matilda his wife" restored property to Shrewsbury abbey[83]

b)         WILLIAM de Dover (-after 1151).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee", signed by "…Radulfo filio Willelmi, Willelmo et Johanne fratribus eius, nepotibus meis…"[84]

-        see below

 

 

WILLIAM de Dover, son of FULBERT de Dover & his wife Adelaide --- (-after 1151).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee", signed by "…Radulfo filio Willelmi, Willelmo et Johanne fratribus eius, nepotibus meis…"[85].  "…Willelmo de Dovra conestabulario…" witnessed the charter dated to [1142/46] under which "M. imperatrix, Henrici regis filia et Anglorum domina et Henricus filius comitis Andegavie" confirmed the rights of "Unfrido de Buhun" in the lands he held on the death of her father[86]

m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known. 

William & his wife had three children: 

1.         RALPH de Dover (-after [1151/53]).  "…Radulfo filio Willelmi, Willelmo et Johanne fratribus eius, nepotibus meis…" signed the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee"[87]

2.         WILLIAM de Dover (-after [1151/53]).  "…Radulfo filio Willelmi, Willelmo et Johanne fratribus eius, nepotibus meis…" signed the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee"[88]

3.         JOHN de Dover (-1194).  "…Radulfo filio Willelmi, Willelmo et Johanne fratribus eius, nepotibus meis…" signed the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee"[89].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Johannes de Dovra xiv l, de novo xx s" in Kent in [1171/72][90].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Johannes de Doura…pro habenda saisina de Ringwald et Witstapel dote Matildis uxoris Hugonis de Doura" in Kent[91]m as her first husband, ROHESE de Lucy, daughter of GEOFFREY de Lucy & his wife ---.  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Rohesia de Doure" in Kent "pro habenda medietate terrarum que fuerunt Ricardi de Luci avi sui et quas postea Ricardus frater ipsius Rohesie habuit tam in Anglia quam in Normannia" and "pro licenctia maritandi se ubi voluerit"[92].  Her parentage is confirmed by a claim, dated 1230, recorded by Bracton, by "Matillis de Lucy, Ricardus filius Reginaldi et Roysa uxor eius" against "Robertum Yellestede" concerning "terre…in Neutona", recording that "Ricardus de Lucy antecessor ipsarum Matillidis et Royse" was seised of the property, and after him "Galfrido…filio et heredi suo…et de predicto Galfrido…Herberto…filio et heredi suo et de predicto Herberto Matillidi et Royse sororibus" and "de predicta Roysa…Foberto filio suo et de predicto Foberto isti Royse…filie et heredi suo"[93].  "Willelmus Briwer" paid a fine for "custodia terre et heredum Fobti de Dovr…et…custodia dotis Roes de Dovr", dated 1204[94].  She married secondly (1205) Nicholas FitzAlan.  "Nicol fil Alan et Roes de Dovr ux eius" paid a fine for "dote ipsius Roes" in Essex and Kent, dated 1205[95].  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1223, into "terre…Newetona" disputed between "Henricum de Cobbeham" and "Wilhelmus Briwere", which found that "Roheysia de Douere filia Gaufridi de Lucy primogeniti filii Ricardi de Lucy" held the land which, after confiscation, was restored to "predicta Roeysia" who with "Nicholas vir suus" gave it to "Willelmo Briwere"[96].  John & his wife had one child: 

a)         FULBERT de Dover (-[1204/05]).  His parentage is confirmed by a claim, dated 1230, recorded by Bracton, by "Matillis de Lucy, Ricardus filius Reginaldi et Roysa uxor eius" against "Robertum Yellestede" concerning "terre…in Neutona", recording that "Ricardus de Lucy antecessor ipsarum Matillidis et Royse" was seised of the property, and after him "Galfrido…filio et heredi suo…et de predicto Galfrido…Herberto…filio et heredi suo et de predicto Herberto Matillidi et Royse sororibus" and "de predicta Roysa…Foberto filio suo et de predicto Foberto isti Royse…filie et heredi suo"[97].  "Fobertus filius Johannis de Dovera" confirmed the donation of Chilham church to Saint-Bertin by "Hugo de Dovra avunculus patris mei" by charter dated to [1191/1200][98].  "Fob’t de Dovr" paid a fine for "castelli de Chillam et ville de Chilham", dated 1199[99].  "Willelmus Briwer" paid a fine for "custodia terre et heredum Fobti de Dovr…et…custodia dotis Roes de Dovr", dated 1204[100].  King John confirmed "custodia terre et heredum Fobti de Dover" to "Willelmo Briw" with "maritagium eosdem heredum" by charter dated 6 Jan 1206[101]m ([1203/04]) as her first husband, ISABEL Briwere, daughter of WILLIAM Briwere & his wife Beatrice --- (-[1226/10 Jun 1233]).  "Willelmus Briwer" paid a fine for "custodia terre et heredum Fobti de Dovr…et…custodia dotis Roes de Dovr" dated 1204[102].  King John confirmed "custodia terre et heredum Fobti de Dover" to "Willelmo Briw" with "maritagium eosdem heredum" by charter dated 6 Jan 1206[103].  She married secondly Baldwin Wake.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1233, by [her son] "Hugo Wack" against "Margeriam de Feritate et Willelmum de Percy" relating to an agreement "cum Alicia de Moun et predicto Hugone" concerning share of land which was held by "Willelmi Briwere"[104].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of fees of William Briwere, dated 1234, records "[po]rcio Hugonis Wak"[105].  John & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROHESE ([1204/05]-[1264/65]).  King John granted "terram…Roes de Dover uxorem suam…castro illo de Chilleha" to "Ric filio nostro" by order dated 11 Jul 1214[106].  "William Briwere" was ordered to deliver to "Richard the king’s son all the lands which fell to Rose his wife hereditarily"[107].  Bracton notes a claim, dated 1227, by "Ricardus filius Reg et Roysia uxor eius" against "Robertum filium Walteri" for land "in Lesnes" of which "Roysia de Douera avia ipsius Roysie" was seised[108].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1230, by "Matillis de Lucy, Ricardus filius Reginaldi [error for "Regis", probably incorrectly extended to Reginaldi from Regi?] et Roysa uxor eius" against "Robertum Yellestede" concerning "terre…in Neutona", which records the claimants’ ancestry "Galfrido…filio et heredi suo…et de predicto Galfrido…Herberto…filio et heredi suo et de predicto Herberto Matillidi et Royse sororibus" and "de predicta Roysa…Foberto filio suo et de predicto Foberto isti Royse…filie et heredi suo"[109].  The Pipe Rolls record in 1258 that "Willelmus de Wilton" married "Roesiam de Douor que fuit uxor Ricardi de Chileham"[110]m firstly (before 11 Jul 1214) RICHARD FitzJohn or Fitzroy, illegitimate son of JOHN King of England & his mistress --- de Warenne (-[1245/46]).  m secondly (after 14 Jul 1250) WILLIAM of Wilton, son of --- (-killed in battle Lewes 14 Apr 1264). 

 

 

1.         ANSFRID de Dover (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name "Anfridus de Dovra, dimidium militem" among those providing military service for William Earl of Gloucester in Kent[111]

 

2.         RICHARD de Dover (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Ricardus de Dovra" held one knight’s fee from the bishop of Hereford in Herefordshire[112]

 

3.         ROBERT de Dover (-[before 1194]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "honor Roberti de Dovra" paying "xiv l, xiv milites" in Kent[113].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "honor Roberti de Dovra" paying "xiv l, xiv milites" in Kent[114].  It is unclear whether these entries mean that Robert was an absentee landlord in Kent, paying scutage directly in another location, or that he was deceased and the arrangements for payment in the name of his heir unfinalised. 

 

4.         HAMON de Chilham (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Hamo de Chileham" paying "dimidium militem…de honore Piperelli de Dovra" in Kent[115]

 

5.         HUGH de Dover (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Hugo de Dovra" holding one knight’s fee "in Childestone" in Hereford in [1210/12][116]

 

6.         FULBERT de Dover (-after 29 Sep 1223).  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Fobertus de Dovr” owing in Kent[117]

                                                                   

 

 

 

DUNSTANVILLE

 

 

Loyd indicates that the Dunstanville family originated in “Dénestanville” in the present-day French département of Seine-Maritime (previously Seine-Inférieure), arrondissement Dieppe, canton Longueville[118].  This family has been the subject of unsubstantiated genealogies, based on forged documentation, probably compiled in the late 15th century.  Eyton quotes from one of these genealogies and three of the alleged primary source documents on which it is based[119].  The purpose behind these late forgeries is unknown, as the family became extinct in the male line around two centuries earlier.  The existence of these forgeries suggests that a policy of caution is preferable when reconstructing the early generations of the family.  Secondary sources indicate that the later Dunstanvilles were descended from Rainald de Dunstanville who is shown below.  The primary sources which confirm that this descent is correct have not yet been identified, and it is not known whether it is traceable only to one of the later forgeries. 

 

 

[Three] brothers: 

1.         WALTER de Dunstanville (-after [1094/98]).  "…Walter of Dunstanville and Robert his brother…" witnessed the charter dated to [1094/98] under which William II King of England confirmed the donation to the abbey of Sainte-Marie de la Sauve Majeure by Hugues de Montgommery[120]

2.         ROBERT de Dunstanville .  "…Walter of Dunstanville and Robert his brother…" witnessed the charter dated to [1094/98] under which William II King of England confirmed the donation to the abbey of Sainte-Marie de la Sauve Majeure by Hugues de Montgommery[121].  An undated charter records “Roberti de Dunstanvilla” among the benefactors of Lewes Priory and his donation of “ecclesia de Bereham…[et] capella de Gretcham” in Sussex[122].  This donation can be dated to before 1121 by the charter of that date which confirmed the possessions of Lewes Priory including the churches of "Bercha…Bercha…Grethea…" and "Sibilia filia Beorndi de Novo Mercato" refers to land held by "Ric fil Pontii"[123]

3.         [--- de Dunstanville (-before 1121).  Assuming that “nepos” in the charter quoted below should be interpreted as nephew not grandson, it is not known whether the father of Alan de Dunstanville was Walter de Dunstanville, named above, or another unnamed brother of Robert, possibly Rainald de Dunstanville who is shown below.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         ALAN de Dunstanville .  In its record of the donation of "ecclesia de Bereham" in Sussex to Lewes Priory by “Roberti de Dunstanvilla” (dated to before 1121, see above), an undated charter records that the property was “de feodo Alani nepotis sui” who later donated revenue to the priory[124]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         RAINALD de Dunstanville (-after 1129).  "…Reinaldus de Dunstanvilla…" subscribed a charter dated 28 Jun 1121 under which "Willelmus filius regis" donated "terra…Grenta de Stoca" to Bath St Peter[125].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Ragin de Dunstanvilla" in Wiltshire (two entries) and Surrey[126].  An undated charter records “Rainaldus de Dunstanvilla” among the benefactors of Lewes Priory and his donation of “Winterburnam…ecclesiam” in Wiltshire[127].  King Stephen confirmed donations to St. Pancras by undated charter, including the donation of Winterbourne church in Wiltshire made by "Reginald de Dunstanville"[128]m ADELISE de l’Isle, daughter of ---.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Tierric fil Rogi filioli…hat rectu de hereditate sua. Et Adeliz de Dunestanvilla est inde pleg" in Wiltshire[129].  An undated charter of Henry I King of England records donations to Tewkesbury abbey including that of “terram de Poltona” {Potterne, Wiltshire} by “Adeliza de Insula” for the soul of "Reginaldi de Dunstanvilla viri sui"[130].  Secondary sources indicate that Adelisa was the daughter of Humphrey de l’Isle who is named in Domesday.  The primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified

2.         GUNDRED (-after [1129/30]).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Gunderede sorori Ragin de Dunestanvilla" in Wiltshire, on the same page as her supposed brother[131].  According to C. Phillips[132], this connection with Wiltshire makes it more likely that "Ragin. de Dunstanvilla" was a member of the Wiltshire Dunstanville family rather than the Earl of Cornwall.  If this is correct, Gundred was not the daughter of King Henry I.  This conclusion is also supported by the birth date ranges estimated for the earl of Cornwall ([1110/15], see the document ENGLAND KINGS) and his uterine brother Herbert FitzHerbert ([1125/35], see below in the present document), which render it unlikely that they would have had a sister who is recorded as a land-holder in 1130. 

 

 

[Two] brothers.  Oswald Barron names Robert and Alan de Dunstanville as sons of Rainald de Dunstanville and his wife Adelise de l’Isle but does not cite the corresponding primary source[133].  If this parentage is correct, it is surprising that the name Rainald does not feature among the couple’s descendants.  It is possible that Alan de Dunstanville, brother of Robert who is named below, was the same person as Alan, nephew of Robert, who is named above. 

1.         ROBERT de Dunstanville (-[1166]).  "…Roberto de Dunest[anvilla]…" witnessed the charter dated to [1142/46] under which "M. imperatrix, Henrici regis filia et Anglorum domina et Henricus filius comitis Andegavie" confirmed the rights of "Unfrido de Buhun" in the lands he held on the death of her father[134].  "Ricardo de Humez constabulario…Roberto de Dunstanvilla…" witnessed the charter dated to [1152/54] under which Henri Duke of Normandy ceded the former house of "Conani thesaurarii" to Bayeux until his heirs paid a debt[135].  "Ricardus de Humez constabularius, Richardus de Haia…Robertus de Dunstanvilla…" witnessed the charter dated under which Henri Duke of Normandy notified a judgment relating to the house of the late "Conani thesaurarii" by charter dated to [1152/54][136].  “Robert de Dunstanvill” witnessed the undated charter under which “Walter de Dunstanvill” confirmed his parents’ donation of land of Niwetimbre to St. Pancras[137].  Henry II King of England confirmed property "Cutiford" to the priory of Furleigh, donated by "Walterus de Dunst. et Alanus frater eius" for the soul of "Roberti de Dunst avunculi sui", by charter dated to [1166/69][138]

2.         [ALAN de Dunstanville (-[Jul 1141/1156]).  Oswald Barron names Alan de Dunstanville as father of Walter, Alan and Alice but does not cite the corresponding primary sources[139].  His parentage is indicated by the undated charter under which his son Walter confirmed his parents’ donation of land of Niwetimbre to St. Pancras, which is witnessed by “Robert de Dunstanvill” who would have been Walter’s paternal uncle[140].  "...Alano de Dunstonvill" witnessed the charter dated [Jun/Jul] 1141 under which Empress Matilda donated property to Haughmond abbey[141].  King Stephen confirmed donations to St. Pancras by undated charter, including the donation of Burpham church made by "Alan de Dunstanvilla"[142]m ---.  [Alan] & his wife had three children: 

a)         WALTER de Dunstanville (-[1195]).  The 1155/56 Pipe Roll records "Waltero de Dunestanuill" being pardoned Danegeld in Sussex[143].  “Walter de Dunstanvill” confirmed his parents’ donation of land of Niwetimbre to St. Pancras by undated charter, witnessed by “Robert de Dunstanvill[144].  Henry II King of England confirmed property "Cutiford" to the priory of Furleigh, donated by "Walterus de Dunst. et Alanus frater eius" for the soul of "Roberti de Dunst avunculi sui", by charter dated to [1166/69][145].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Walterus de Dunstanville iii m" in Sussex in [1167/68][146].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Waltero de Dunestanuill…in Colinton" in Devonshire, "Walterus de Dunestanuill" in Shropshire, and "Waltero de Dunestanuill…in Hichtredeberia" iand "de Brocton" in Wiltshire[147].  [m firstly URSULA, daughter of RENAUD [de Dunstanville] Earl of Cornwall & his wife Beatrice FitzWilliam.  Her parentage and marriage are included in a manuscript pedigree of Dunstanville, probably dated to [1461/1509], based on an alleged mandate of King John which asserts that in [1196/97] "Reginald late Earl of Cornwall…acknowledged that a moiety of the manor of Colern and a third part of the manor of Addersley" in Wiltshire "were the right of Walter de Dunstanville and Ursula his wife, daughter of the said earl, father and mother of Walter de Dunstanville now living"[148].  Eyton highlights that the document does not exist in any of the surviving rolls of King John and describes it as "a detestable forgery", pointing out that Renaud Earl of Cornwall died in 1175.]  m [secondly] as her first husband, SIBYLLA, daughter of --- (-after 1230).  She married secondly Enguerrand des Préaux.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1220, by "Engelramus de Pratellis…et Sibilla uxor eius" against "Thomam Basset" for "terciam partem de Colintona…dotem ipsius Sibille et Walterus de Dunstanuilla quondam vir suus"[149].  Walter & his [second] wife had one child: 

i)          WALTER de Dunstanville (-before 21 Aug 1241).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Walterus de Dunstanville" paying "xx s, i militem" in Shropshire[150].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Walterus de Dunstanville" paying "xx s, i militem" in Shropshire and also paying in Wiltshire[151].  King John confirmed that “Waltero de Dunstanvill” had granted the manor of Winterbourne to “Alan Basset”, under a charter confirmed by King Richard I, by charter dated 10 Apr 1200[152].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Walterus de Dunstanville" holding one knight’s fee "Heithtredebiri" in Wiltshire, and one in Cornwall, in [1210/12][153].  King John confirmed the right of “Waltero de Dunstanvill” to hold a market in “maner suum de Hecthtredebir” by charter dated 7 Feb 1215[154].  Henry III King of England granted letters of conduct to "Walterus de Dunstanvill" dated 23 Dec 1216[155].  "Walter de Dunstanvill" was granted a weekly market "at his manor of Hecghtridebiri" dated 26 Mar 1227[156]m (before 22 Apr 1213) PETRONILLA, daughter of WILLIAM FitzAlan & his wife --- de Lacy.  Her parentage, marriage and descendants are referred to by Eyton[157].  Walter & his wife had one child: 

(a)       WALTER de Dunstanville (-14 Jan 1270).  A writ dated 28 Jan "53 Hen III", after the death of "Walter de Dunstanvil", records that he died "on Tuesday after St Hilary last" and names "Petronilla his daughter aged 22 on the day of St Peter in Cathedra next, whom Roberti de Monteforti married, is his heir"[158]m firstly DENISE, daughter of ---.  Walter de Dunstanville confirmed his ancestors’ donations of Nyetimber, Winterbourne church and tithes of Scaldeford to Lewes priory, for the souls of “himself and his wife Denise”, by undated charter[159]m secondly ROHESE, daughter of --- (-after 1279).  Walter & his first wife had two children: 

(1)       WALTER de Dunstanville (-21 Dec 1246, bur Idsall).  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death "die Sancti Thomæ apostoli" in 1246 of “W. filius et hæres Walteri de Dunstanville junioris” and his burial “apud Hideshalle[160]

(2)       PETRONILLA de Dunstanville (22 Feb 1248-[1284/92]).  A writ dated 28 Jan "53 Hen III", after the death of "Walter de Dunstanvil", names "Petronilla his daughter aged 22 on the day of St Peter in Cathedra next, whom Roberti de Monteforti married, is his heir"[161]m firstly (before 14 Jan 1270) ROBERT de Montfort, son of PIERS [I] de Montfort & his wife Alice de Audley (-1274).  m secondly ([1275/76]) as his first wife, JOHN de la Mare, son of MATTHEW de la Mare & his wife Florence de Akeni (-[1313/14]). 

b)         ALAN de Dunstanville (-before 10 Oct 1200).  Henry II King of England confirmed property "Cutiford" to the priory of Furleigh, donated by "Walterus de Dunst. et Alanus frater eius" for the soul of "Roberti de Dunst avunculi sui", by charter dated to [1166/69][162].  According to Domesday Descendants[163], Alan was the son of Rainald de Dunstanville and his wife Adelise de l’Isle (see above), but the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Alanus de Dunstanville" held seven knights` fees in Sussex under the Earl of Arundel[164].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Alanus de Dunstanville xjj" in Cornwall in [1186/87][165].  An order of King John dated 10 Oct 1200 relates to "heredem Alani de Dunstanvill qui est in custodia matris sue uxoris quondam predicti Alani", addressed to "Willelmo de Cantilupo"[166]m MURIEL, daughter of --- & his wife Emma de Langetot ([1154/55]-after 10 Oct 1200).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records that “uxor Alani de Dunstanville…xxx annorum et uxor Alardi filii Willelmi…xxiv annorum” were the heirs of “Emme de Langetot…lx annorum…de genere illarum de Chedney et Joscelini Crispini” in Buckinghamshire[167].  An order of King John dated 10 Oct 1200 relates to "heredem Alani de Dunstanvill qui est in custodia matris sue uxoris quondam predicti Alani", addressed to "Willelmo de Cantilupo"[168]Domesday Descendants says that the “principal heir [of Ralph [II] de Langetot] seems to have been Emma de Langetot, probably his daughter” adding that “she was the niece of Matilda sister of ‘Ranulf’ de Langetot - an error for Ralph - according to a Thetford charter of her daughter Muriel[169].  The primary source which confirms her name has not been identified.  Alan & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          [ALAN de Dunstanville (-before [1225/28]).  An order of King John dated 10 Oct 1200 relates to "heredem Alani de Dunstanvill qui est in custodia matris sue uxoris quondam predicti Alani", addressed to "Willelmo de Cantilupo"[170].  The primary source which confirms the existence of this Alan de Dunstanville has not yet been identified.  It is suggested by the charter dated 1 Jul 1241 which is quoted below under his supposed wife and which indicates that his heirs were the descendants of his supposed sister.  m as her first husband, ISABEL de Vautort, daughter of ROGER de Vautort of Harberton, Devon & his wife ---.  She married secondly ([1225/28]) Thomas Corbet.  A charter dated 1 Jul 1241 records a final settlement between "Gilbertum de Basevil" and "Alanum Bassat" relating to land in Bepton, Sussex and land in Cornwall "quam Isabella que fuit uxor predicti Alani de Dunstanvill tenet in dotem" which was inherited by Gilbert from "Alani de Dunstanvill avunculi predictorum Gilberti et Alani"[171].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not been identified.] 

ii)         CECILY de Dunstanville (-before 26 Feb 1208).  King John confirmed "feud i militis…in Okléé" to "Willo Basset fil et heredi Johis Basset fil Osmundi Basset", and "pereatis de Cecylia de Dunestanvill quondam uxore sua villam de Menelidam" which "Alanus de Dunestanvill pater ipsius Cecilie dedit ei ad se maritandam", by charter dated 26 Feb 1208[172]m WILLIAM Basset of Ipsden, son of JOHN Basset of Ipsden & his wife --- (-after 26 Feb 1208). 

c)         ALICE de Dunstanville (-after 1186).  Oswald Barron names Alice as daughter of Alan de Dunstanville and records her marriage to Thomas Basset, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[173].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 20 Mar 1200 under which King John confirmed the grant of "manerium de Scaudeford", which "fuit Walteri de Dunestanvill avunculi sui, sic jus et liberum maritagium Aelic matris ipsius Gilberti", to her son "Gilberto Basset"[174]m THOMAS Basset [I] of Headington, Oxfordshire, son of --- (-after [1180/82]). 

 

 

 

 

ENGAINE

 

 

 

1.         RICHARD [I] Engaine (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Richard Engaine” holding land in Lillingstone Lovell in Oxfordshire [Buckinghamshire][175].  Domesday Book records “jurors in Huntingdon” who "say that 36 hides of land in Brampton which Richard Engaine claims belong to the forest were [part] of the king’s demesne farm"[176]m as her first husband, ---.  She married secondly Richard FitzUrse.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "F[ulconis] de Lisuris" in Northamptonshire, referring to land which "Ricardus Engaine avus meus" gave to "ultimæ uxori suæ in dotem, scilicet uxori Ricardi filii Ursi"[177].  Richard [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         VITALIS [Viel] [I] Engaine (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Vitalis Engaine...Rogerus de Bennifeld" returning for “terre Willi de Lusor”, and “idem Vitalis” for “de censu Forest...terram suam de Laxetona”, in Northamptonshire[178]The Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo records "Viel Enganie en Torp iii virgæ et en Haragrava dimidia hida et en Pihtesle...i milite" among the “Descriptio militum de abbatia de Burgo”, marginal notes reading “iste fuit avus Ricardi Engaine qui modo est...Pater Fulconis de Lisures[179]m --- de Lisours, daughter of WILLIAM de Lisours & his wife ---.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Vitalis Engaine...Rogerus de Bennifeld" returning for “terre Willi de Lusor” in Northamptonshire[180].  The entry, as well as the name used by Vitalis’s son Fulk, suggest that Vitalis married the daughter of William de Lisours.  Vitalis [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          RICHARD [II] Engaine (-before 1177).  The Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo records "Ricardus Engaine ii hidæ in Hamtonascira...i milite..." among the “Descriptio militum de abbatia de Burgo”, marginal notes reading “iste fuit filius Viel et pater Ricardi qui modo est[181]

-         see below

ii)         FULK de Lisours (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "F[ulconis] de Lisuris" in Northamptonshire, referring to land which "Ricardus Engaine avus meus" gave to "ultimæ uxori suæ in dotem, scilicet uxori Ricardi filii Ursi"[182]The Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo records "Viel Enganie en Torp iii virgæ et en Haragrava dimidia hida et en Pihtesle...i milite" among the “Descriptio militum de abbatia de Burgo”, marginal notes reading “iste fuit avus Ricardi Engaine qui modo est...Pater Fulconis de Lisures[183]m ALIX d’Auberville, daughter of --- ([1135]-after 29 Sep 1189).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Alicia que fuit uxor Fulconis de Lisoriis et soror Willielmi de Auberville...L annorum et habet ii filios milites et ii alios et vi filias maritatas et iii filias maritandas” and specifies "terra sua in Glaptorn...in Abitone...et in Hundredo de Spelho"[184].  Fulk & his wife had thirteen children: 

(1)       ROBERT de Lisours (-after 1167).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Lisures i m" in Huntingdonshire in [1167/68][185]m AUBREYE de Lacy, daughter of ROBERT de Lacy & his wife Matilda ---.  According to The Complete Peerage, Aubreye de Lisours, successor of Robert de Lacy was his cousin[186], implying that her mother was Robert’s paternal aunt.  This appears to be confirmed by the 1130 Pipe Roll which records "Robt de Lusor" in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and that he married "sorore Ilbti de Laci"[187].  An apparently different version of Aubreye’s parentage is provided by a manuscript history of the Lacy family which records that “Albreda vel Aubreia, filia Roberti Lisours, soror ex parte matris” succeeded on the death of “Robertus Lacy[188].  If this is correct, Aubreye’s father was the [first/second] husband of Robert de Lacy’s mother.  As the husband of Aubrey junior died in 1163, the chronology suggests that, if this version is correct, it is more probable that Aubreye was the daughter of her mother’s first marriage.  It appears from the 1130 Pipe Roll that the Complete Peerage version is to be preferred.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

(a)       AUBREYE de Lisours (-after Sep 1200).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family records that “Albreda vel Aubreia, filia Roberti Lisours, soror ex parte matris” succeeded on the death of “Robertus Lacy” and that she married “Richardus constabularius Cestriæ[189]Domesday Descendants records her second marriage but does not cite the corresponding primary source[190].  Her third marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 12 Nov 1177 under which the Templars and “Radulfum filium Stephani” settled a dispute concerning “unam carucatam terre in Roueston” which “Galfridus de Cauz” had given to “Albrede de Lisuriis uxori sue in dotem” and “terram que fuit Roberti fratris Gaufridi de Cauz in Ruueston[191].  "Willelmus filius Godrici" paid a fine for his marriage with "matre Johannis constabularii" in 1178[192].  A charter dated 1194 records a final agreement relating to a dispute between “Albredam de Lisores et Rogerum constabularium Cestrie nepotem suum” concerning the land of “Roberti de Lasci”, also naming “Roberti de Lisores patris ipsius Albrede” and “Willelmus filius prefate Albrede[193]m firstly RICHARD FitzEustache, son of EUSTACHE FitzJohn & his second wife Agnes --- (-1163).  m secondly as his second wife, WILLIAM de Clairfait, son of --- (-1168).  m thirdly GEOFFREY de Cauz, son of ROBERT [I] de Cauz & his wife Isabel de Ferrers (-[before 12 Nov 1177]).  m fourthly ([1178]) WILLIAM FitzGodric, son of GODRIC & his wife ---. 

(2)       other children .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Alicia que fuit uxor Fulconis de Lisoriis et soror Willielmi de Auberville...L annorum et habet ii filios milites et ii alios et vi filias maritatas et iii filias maritandas” and specifies "terra sua in Glaptorn...in Abitone...et in Hundredo de Spelho"[194]

b)         daughter .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "-ugo de Auco" returning for “terra et filia Ric Ingaine et minist suo de Forest” in Northamptonshire[195].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "F[ulconis] de Lisuris" in Northamptonshire, referring to land which "Ricardus Engaine avus meus" gave to "ultimæ uxori suæ in dotem, scilicet uxori Ricardi filii Ursi" and refers to land held by "duæ amitæ meæ"[196]m HUGUES d’Eu, son of --- (-after 1129). 

c)         daughter .  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "F[ulconis] de Lisuris" in Northamptonshire, referring to land which "Ricardus Engaine avus meus" gave to "ultimæ uxori suæ in dotem, scilicet uxori Ricardi filii Ursi" and refers to land held by "duæ amitæ meæ"[197]

 

 

The chronology suggests that the following two individuals were brothers of Richard [I] Engaine, but the relationship has not been confirmed. 

 

1.         WILLIAM Engaine (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “William Engaine” holding land in Gidding in Huntingdonshire[198]

 

2.         WALDIN Engaine (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Waldin Engain” holding Willoughton, Hackthorn, Keelby, Itterby, Thorganby, Ravendale, Beelsby, Wragby, Langton by Wragby and Kelstern in Lincolnshire[199]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         WILLIAM Engaine .  "Gospatricius filius Orm" donated "villam de Salterge", and confirmed "ecclesiam de Wirchingetona" and "ecclesiam de Halfringtuna" which "Elemerus clericus, cognatus meus" held during his lifetime, to St Bees by undated charter (dated to before 1158), witnessed by "…Willelmo Engaine, Gilberto fratre eius…"[200]

2.         GILBERT Engaine .  "Gospatricius filius Orm" donated "villam de Salterge", and confirmed "ecclesiam de Wirchingetona" and "ecclesiam de Halfringtuna" which "Elemerus clericus, cognatus meus" held during his lifetime, to St Bees by undated charter (dated to before 1158), witnessed by "…Willelmo Engaine, Gilberto fratre eius…"[201]

 

 

RICHARD [II] Engaine, son of VITALIS [I] Engaine & his wife --- de Lisours (-before 1177).  The Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo records "Ricardus Engaine ii hidæ in Hamtonascira...i milite..." among the “Descriptio militum de abbatia de Burgo”, marginal notes reading “iste fuit filius Viel et pater Ricardi qui modo est[202]

m as her first husband, MARGERY, daughter of RICHARD FitzUrse & his wife Matilda de Boulers ([1134/35]-after 1185).  A plea at Westminster, dating to the ninth year of Henry III King of England [1226], records that "Vitalis Engaing" claimed land "in honore de Mungumery" which "Dominus Rex H, senex" had given "in maritagium Baldewino de Bollers cum Sibilla de Faleise, nepte ipsius H regis", and that "eadem Sibilla" had "unam filiam Matillidem de ipso Baldewino" who "dominus Rex" gave to "Ricardo filio Ursie" who by her had "unum filium et duas filias…Reginaldum filium Ursi et Margeriam primogenitam et Mabiliam"[203].  She married secondly Geoffrey Brito.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Margareta Engaine”, that she was "in donatione Domini Regis intra hos viii annos", that she had married “Galfridus Brito”, her land in "hundredum de Wilebroc" in Northamptonshire, and also in "Cleile hundredum", the entry for the latter recording that she was "L annorum…filia Ricardi filii Ursi" and naming her heir "Ricardus Engaine"[204].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a claim dated 1220, recorded by Bracton, by "Vitalis Engaun et Rogerus Gernet" against "Willelmum de Cantelupo et Maziliam uxorem eius" which recites that "Ricardus filius Ursy antecessor eorum" had "unum filium…Reginaldum et duas filias Margeriam et Mabiliam", that Margery was "avie ipsius Vitalis"[205]

Richard [II] & his wife had one child: 

1.         RICHARD [III] Engaine (-Apr 1208).  The Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo records "Ricardus Engaine ii hidæ in Hamtonascira...i milite..." among the “Descriptio militum de abbatia de Burgo”, marginal notes reading “iste fuit filius Viel et pater Ricardi qui modo est[206]. The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Margareta Engaine”, that she was "in donatione Domini Regis intra hos viii annos", that she had married “Galfridus Brito”, her land in "hundredum de Wilebroc" in Northamptonshire, and also in "Cleile hundredum", the entry for the latter recording that she was "L annorum…filia Ricardi filii Ursi" and naming her heir "Ricardus Engaine"[207].  “Ricardus Engayne” confirmed the foundation of "ecclesia sanctæ Mariæ de Castro-Hymel" and listed various donations, including the donation of "Richardi patris mei", for the souls of “meæ et uxoris meæ Sarræ”, by undated charter witnessed by “…Vitale Engaine, --- Engaine…Galfrido Engaine, Roberto Engaine…[208].  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records its foundation by “Ricardus Engaine senior…dominus de Blatherwick”, adding that he died "IX Kal Mai" 1208[209]m SARAH de Chesney, daughter of WILLIAM de Chesney of Horsford and Colne, Essex & his wife --- (-before Apr 1222).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that its founder “Ricardus Engaine senior…dominus de Blatherwick” married "Saram filiam comitis Oxenford"[210].  Lady of Colne.  “Ricardus Engayne” confirmed the foundation of "ecclesia sanctæ Mariæ de Castro-Hymel" and listed various donations, including the donation of "Richardi patris mei", for the souls of “meæ et uxoris meæ Sarræ”, by undated charter witnessed by “…Vitale Engaine, --- Engaine…Galfrido Engaine, Roberto Engaine…[211].  Richard [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)         RICHARD [IV] Engaine (-[1208/16], bur Huntingdon).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Ricardum…et Vitalem" as the two sons of “Ricardus Engaine senior…dominus de Blatherwick” and his wife "Saram filiam comitis Oxenford", adding that Richard succeeded his father but died childless during the reign of King John without having married, and was buried "apud Huntington"[212]

b)         VITALIS [II] Engaine (-22 Oct 1248).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Ricardum…et Vitalem" as the two sons of “Ricardus Engaine senior…dominus de Blatherwick” and his wife "Saram filiam comitis Oxenford", adding that Vitalis succeeded his brother[213]

-        see below

2.         [WARNER Engaine .  The relationship between Warner and the other members of the Engaine family has not been ascertained.  The fact that his son’s name follows Vitalis Engaine in the record quoted below suggests that they were closely related, maybe first cousins.]  m ---.  The name of Warner’s wife is not known.  Warner & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM Engaine (-[29 Sep 1223/25 Nov 1228]).  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Vitalis Engainne” followed immediately by “Willelmus f Garnerii Engainne” owing in Huntingdonshire[214]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          --- Engaine .  Henry III King of England granted "custodiam terre et heredis Willelmi Engayne" to "Willelmo de Ralegh clerico", and ordered the sheriff of Huntingdonshire to transfer the land and heir to him, dated 25 Nov 1228[215]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM Engainem EUSTACHIE, daughter of ---.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         ADA Engaine .  Her parentage and two marriages are shown in The Complete Peerage[216]m firstly SIMON de Morville, son of ---.  m secondly ROBERT de Vaux, son of HUBERT de Vaux of Irthington, Cumberland & his wife Grace --- (-1194).

 

 

VITALIS [II] Engaine, son of RICHARD [III] Engaine & his wife Sarah de Chesney (-22 Oct 1248).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Ricardum…et Vitalem" as the two sons of “Ricardus Engaine senior…dominus de Blatherwick” and his wife "Saram filiam comitis Oxenford", adding that Vitalis succeeded his brother[217].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Vitalis Engainne” followed immediately by “Willelmus f Garnerii Engainne” owing in Huntingdonshire[218].  A plea at Westminster, dating to the ninth year of Henry III King of England [1226], records that "Vitalis Engaing" claimed land "in honore de Mungumery" which "Dominus Rex H, senex" had given "in maritagium Baldewino de Bollers cum Sibilla de Faleise, nepte ipsius H regis", and that "eadem Sibilla" had "unam filiam Matillidem de ipso Baldewino" who "dominus Rex" gave to "Ricardo filio Ursie" who by her had "unum filium et duas filias…Reginaldum filium Ursi et Margeriam primogenitam et Mabiliam"[219].  A charter in the Ramsey cartulary names "…Dominus Vitalis Engaine, Dominum Willelmum filium suum…" among knights in the service of King Henry III who served in Scotland [13 May/13 Aug] 1244[220].  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records the death "XI Kal Nov" 1264 of “Vitalem Engayne[221]

m ROHESE, daughter of ---.  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that “Vitalem Engayne” married "Roesiam, quæ fuit una trium sororum" who shared "hæreditatem feodi honoris de Montgomery in Wallia"[222]

Vitalis [II] & his wife had four children: 

1.         VITALIS [III] Engaine .  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Vitalem, Henricum, Willielmum et Johannem" as the four sons of “Vitalem Engayne” and his wife "Roesiam", adding that Vitalis died young[223]

2.         HENRY Engaine (-28 Jan 1272).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Vitalem, Henricum, Willielmum et Johannem" as the four sons of “Vitalem Engayne” and his wife "Roesiam", adding that Henry succeeded his father but died unmarried and childless "V Kal Feb 1261 et an. regni regis Henrici 51"[224]

3.         WILLIAM Engaine (-1244 or after).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Vitalem, Henricum, Willielmum et Johannem" as the four sons of “Vitalem Engayne” and his wife "Roesiam", adding that William predeceased his brother Henry[225].  A charter in the Ramsey cartulary names "…Dominus Vitalis Engaine, Dominum Willelmum filium suum…" among knights in the service of King Henry III who served in Scotland [13 May/13 Aug] 1244[226]

4.         JOHN Engaine of Laxton and Blatherwycke, Northamptonshire (-5 Jan 1297, bur Fineshade Priory).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Vitalem, Henricum, Willielmum et Johannem" as the four sons of “Vitalem Engayne” and his wife "Roesiam"[227].  By a writ of plenius certiorari dated 12 Jul “2 Edw I”, after the death of "Joyce (Jocosa) Montfichet alias Munfichet", "John Engaine and Joan his wife...daughter and heir of the said Joyce" complained that the escheator had detained the manor of Byfeld “fell to the said Joan[228].  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records the death "Non Jan" 1297 of “dominus Johannes Engaine[229]m JOAN de Greinville, daughter of GILBERT de Greinville of Hallaton, Leicestershire & his wife Joyce ---.  By a writ of plenius certiorari dated 12 Jul “2 Edw I”, after the death of "Joyce (Jocosa) Montfichet alias Munfichet", "John Engaine and Joan his wife...daughter and heir of the said Joyce" complained that the escheator had detained the manor of Byfeld “fell to the said Joan[230].  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that "dominum Johannem Engaine" married “Joh. filiam et heredem domini Henrici Gray[231].  John & his wife had three children: 

a)         JOHN Engaine (-28 Sep 1322).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Johannem Engayne qui temporibus domini Johannis fratris sui moriebatur et Nicolaum Engaine" as the children of "dominum Johannem Engaine" and his wife “Joh. filiam et heredem domini Henrici Gray”, adding that John died "III Kal Oct" 1322[232].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Engaine.  "Johannes filius Johannis Engayne" confirmed the donation of "manerium de Wode-Newton" made to Fineshade priory by “dominus Henricus Engayne avunculus meus”, and donated land "in villa de Blatherwyk" for the souls of "Vitalis Engayne et Roesiæ uxoris eius", by undated charter[233]m ELLEN, daughter of ROBERT FitzRoger of Warkworth, Northumberland and Clavering, Essex & his wife Margaret la Zouche (-before 2 Jun 1339).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that "Johannem Engayne" married "dominam Elenam filiam domino Roberti le Fitz-Roger" but was childless[234]

b)         NICHOLAS Engaine of Colne Engaine and Coton, Essex (-4 or 10 Dec 1322).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Johannem Engayne qui temporibus domini Johannis fratris sui moriebatur et Nicolaum Engaine" as the children of "dominum Johannem Engaine" and his wife “Joh. filiam et heredem domini Henrici Gray”, adding that Nicholas succeeded his brother but only survived 2 months and 2 days before he died "pridie Non Dec" 1322[235]m AMICE de Faucomberge, daughter of WALTER de Faucomberge of Skelton, Cleveland & his wife ---.  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that "dominum Nicolaum" married "dominam Amiciam filiam domini Walteri Fawcomberg"[236].  Nicholas & his wife had two children: 

i)          JOHN Engaine (30 May 1302-16 Feb 1357).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Johannem Engayne et Henricum Engaine" as the children of "dominus Nicolaus Engaine" and his wife “dominam Amiciam filiam domini Walteri Fawconberg”, adding that he died in 1357[237].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1355 whereby he is held to have become Lord Engaine. 

-         see below

ii)         HENRY Engaine .  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Johannem Engayne et Henricum Engaine" as the children of "dominus Nicolaus Engaine" and his wife “dominam Amiciam filiam domini Walteri Fawconberg[238]

c)         JOAN Engaine (-1 Jun 1315)m firstly WALTER FitzRobert, son of ROBERT FitzWalter Baron FitzWalter & his first wife Devorguilla de Burgh (Henham 1275-Dunmow Priory 1293).  m secondly ADAM de Welle of Well, Lincolnshire, son of --- (-1 Sep 1311).

 

 

JOHN Engaine, son of NICHOLAS Engaine & his wife Amice de Faucomberge (30 May 1302-16 Feb 1357).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Johannem Engayne et Henricum Engaine" as the children of "dominus Nicolaus Engaine" and his wife “dominam Amiciam filiam domini Walteri Fawconberg”, adding that he died in 1357[239].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1355 whereby he is held to have become Lord Engaine. 

m (after 12 Nov 1318) JOAN Peverell, daughter of ROBERT Peverell of Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire & his wife Alice --- (-after 19 Mar 1357).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that "Johannem Engayne" married "dominam Joannam filiam domini Roberti Peverell" by whom he had “duos filios et tres filias…Johannem Engaine, Thomam Engaine, Jocosam Engaine, Elizabetham et Mariam[240]

John & his wife had five children: 

1.         JOHN Engaine (-before 1357).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names “duos filios et tres filias…Johannem Engaine, Thomam Engaine, Jocosam Engaine, Elizabetham et Mariam” as the children of "Johannem Engayne" and his wife "dominam Joannam filiam domini Roberti Peverell"[241]m as her first husband, JOAN de St Quintin, daughter of WILLIAM de St Quintin of Harpham, Yorkshire & his wife ---.  She married secondly as his second wife, William Colville of Ingleby Arncliffe, Yorkshire (-14/15 Sep 1390). 

2.         THOMAS Engaine ([1334/35]-29 Jun 1367).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names “duos filios et tres filias…Johannem Engaine, Thomam Engaine, Jocosam Engaine, Elizabetham et Mariam” as the children of "Johannem Engayne" and his wife "dominam Joannam filiam domini Roberti Peverell", adding that Thomas succeeded his father and died in 1367 childless[242]m (before 18 Oct 1353) KATHERINE de Courtenay, daughter of HUGH de Courtenay Earl of Devon & his wife Margaret de Bohun (-31 Dec 1399).  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[243].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names ”Hugonem…quartum…Thomam, Edwardum, Johannem, Margaretam, Elizabetham, Catherinam” as the children of “Hugonem tertium” and his wife[244].  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that “Thomam Engaine” married "dominam Katerinam filiam comitis Devoniæ" but died childless[245].  The will of "Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford and Essex and Lord of Brecknock", dated 10 Oct 1361 and proved 20 Oct 1361, bequeathed property to “our...nephew Humphrey de Bohun...Elizabeth our niece of Northampton...our niece Dame Catherine d’Engayne...our sister Countess of Ormond, our brother Mons. Hugh de Courtenay Earl of Devonshire...our sister Countess of Devonshire...[246]

3.         JOYCE Engaine ([1336/37]-).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names “duos filios et tres filias…Johannem Engaine, Thomam Engaine, Jocosam Engaine, Elizabetham et Mariam” as the children of "Johannem Engayne" and his wife "dominam Joannam filiam domini Roberti Peverell", adding that Jocosa married "Johannem Goldington" by whom she had "filiam…Katerinam"[247]m JOHN de Goldington of Thele, Hertfordshire and Springfield, Essex, son of ---. 

4.         ELIZABETH Engaine ([1340/41]-1387 or before).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names “duos filios et tres filias…Johannem Engaine, Thomam Engaine, Jocosam Engaine, Elizabetham et Mariam” as the children of "Johannem Engayne" and his wife "dominam Joannam filiam domini Roberti Peverell", adding that Elizabeth married "Laurentium Pabenham militem" by whom she had "filiam…Katerinam" who married "Willielmum Cheney militem" and had "Laurentium et Armam"[248]m LAWRENCE de Pabenham of Pavenham, Bedfordshire, son of --- ([1334/45]-10 Jun 1399). 

5.         MARY Engaine ([1342/43]-19 May 1401).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names “duos filios et tres filias…Johannem Engaine, Thomam Engaine, Jocosam Engaine, Elizabetham et Mariam” as the children of "Johannem Engayne" and his wife "dominam Joannam filiam domini Roberti Peverell", adding that Mary married "Willielmum Bernake militem" by whom she had "Johannem et Mariam"[249]m firstly WILLIAM Bernak of Saxlingham, Norfolk, Sudbrook and Ranby, Lincolnshire, and Beesthorpe, Nottinghamshire, son of ---.  m secondly THOMAS la Zouche of Westoning, Bedfordshire, son of --- (-30 Oct 1404). 

 

 

 

 

ESSEX

 

 

1.         ROBERT FitzWimarc (-after 1066).  Guillaume de Poitou names "natione Normannus, Rotbertus filius Wimaræ nobilis mulieris" as one of the supporters of Guillaume II Duke of Normandy "domino suo atque consanguineo" at the battle of Hastings[250].  Domesday Book records that “Robert fitzWymarc” held Shoebury (and other properties) in Essex after the death of King Edward "now Swein [holds it]"[251]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  It is possible that she was BEATRICE, daughter of ---, who was one of the grandmothers of Robert FitzSwein (see below), as shown by the manuscript recording the priors of Prittlewell which quotes a charter under which “Robertus filius Sueni” founded Prittlewell priory, for the souls of “…aviæ meæ Beatricis[252], but the document does not specify whether she was the founder’s paternal or maternal grandmother.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         SWEIN FitzRobert (-after 1085).  “…Sven fil Roberti, Hugonis de Port, Josfridi de Magna Villa, Willielmi Caticet, Huberti de Port…” witnessed the charter dated to [1070/75] under which William I King of England donated Plumstead to St Augustine’s, Canterbury[253].  Domesday Book records “Swein of Essex” holding Waresley in Huntingdonshire; numerous properties in Essex and Suffolk[254]m ---.  The name of Swein’s wife is not known.  Swein & his wife had two children: 

i)          WILLIAM FitzSwein .  "…William fitz Suen…" witnessed the charter dated 5 Sep 1082 which records the settlement of a claim by the abbey of Saint-Wandrille about "Oxcessus"[255]

ii)         ROBERT FitzSwein (-after 1130).  A manuscript recording the priors of Prittlewell quotes a charter under which “Robertus filius Sueni” founded Prittlewell priory, for the souls of “…aviæ meæ Beatricis”, witnessed by “Alberico de Ver et Roberto fratre eius…[256]

-         see below

 

 

ROBERT FitzSwein, son of SWEIN FitzRobert & his wife --- (-after 1130).  A manuscript recording the priors of Prittlewell quotes a charter under which “Robertus filius Sueni” founded Prittlewell priory, for the souls of “…aviæ meæ Beatricis”, witnessed by “Alberico de Ver et Roberto fratre eius…[257].  A charter dated 1121 confirmed the possessions of Lewes Priory including the donation of "…Ap P-nciduela monasteriu S. Marie et…monacis cluniacensibus sub sco Pancratio…" by "Robt Sweni filius"[258].  “Rob Waster” donated "duos partes totius decimæ meæ de Wereslai" to St Neot’s, Huntingdonshire, for the soul of “Soeni de Essessa” and for the health of "domini mei Roberti filii prædicti Soeni…Gunnor uxoris suæ…uxoris meæ et Willielmi filii Gerei patris sui", by undated charter[259].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt fil Sueini" in Wiltshire[260].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Roberto filio Swein xl s" in Northamptonshire in [1158/59][261].  Lord of Rayleigh, Essex. 

m as her first husband, GUNNOR Bigod, daughter of ROGER Bigod of Earsham, Suffolk & his [second] wife Adelise de Tosny (-before [1137]).  A charter of Hugh Bigod for Norwich Priory refers to property given by “his sister Gunnor”[262].  “Robert de Essex and Gunnora his wife, daughter of Roger Bigod” donated Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of their ancestors and of "their son Henry on his birth-day"[263].  It is not clear from this extract whether Gunnor’s father was named in the original document.  Her first marriage is indicated by the charter of King Henry II which confirmed donations to Thetford Priory, including the donation by “Gunnoræ matris Henrici de Exessa[264].  “Rob Waster” donated "duos partes totius decimæ meæ de Wereslai" to St Neot’s, Huntingdonshire, for the soul of “Soeni de Essessa” and for the health of "domini mei Roberti filii prædicti Soeni…Gunnor uxoris suæ…uxoris meæ et Willielmi filii Gerei patris sui", by undated charter[265].  She married secondly as his first wife, Hamon de Saint-Clair.  Her second husband confirmed grants of her marriage portion in Brome for her soul[266]

Robert & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         [ROBERT de Essex (-[1132/40]) Domesday Descendants demonstrates convincingly that the husband of Adelisa de Vere is unlikely to have been Robert FitzSwein, who was survived by his widow Gunnor[267].  It suggests that he was the older son of Robert FitzSwein who must have died soon after succeeding his father.  m as her first husband, ADELISA de Vere, daughter of AUBREY de Vere Lord of Hedingham & his wife Adelisa de Clare ([1105]-after 1185).  “Roesia comitissa” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “patris mei Alberici et Gaufridi domini mei”, by undated charter, witnessed by “…Willielmo de Veer, Adelisa de Veer, Adelisa de Essexa[268].  She married secondly Roger FitzRichard Lord of Warkworth.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Arenho” held by “Alicia de Essex…lx annorum…amita comitis Willelmi et soror comitis Albrici”, adding that she had “ii filios milites et i filiam maritatam Johanni Constabulario Cestrie[269].  The same source, in another passage, records that “Alicia de Essex…est iiii.xx annorum” (presumably indicating "4 x 20 years" i.e. 80, which appears to be a more accurate assessment than the statement in the earlier passage that she was 60 years old, given the general chronology of these families) and held “Clavering sicut dotem suam, de feodo Henrici de Essex”, adding that she had “ii filios milites" and land "in comitatu Norhamton…de feodo comitis Willelmi"[270].] 

2.         HENRY de Essex .  “Robert de Essex and Gunnora his wife, daughter of Roger Bigod” donated Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of their ancestors and of "their son Henry on his birth-day"[271].  A charter of King Henry II confirmed donations to Thetford Priory, including the donation by “Gunnoræ matris Henrici de Exessa[272].  Constable 1154.  “Henricus de Essexa conestabilis regis” donated “locum in mari super Mereseiam ad faciendam piscariam...sicut...habuerunt tempore Rodberti de Essexa patris mei” to Colchester St. John, by undated charter[273].  Lord of Rayleigh and Haughley.  “Henry de Essex, the king’s constable” confirmed his parents’ donation of Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of "Cecily his wife, Henry his son and his other children"[274].  The Chronicle of Jocelin of Brakelond records the trial by combat between "Henry de Essex" and "Robert de Montfort", dated to [1163][275]m CECILY, daughter of ---.  “Henry de Essex, the king’s constable” confirmed his parents’ donation of Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of "Cecily his wife, Henry his son and his other children"[276].  “Henricus de Essexia” confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Walde" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s made by "Cecilia mater mea", by undated charter[277].  Henry & his wife had [four or more] children: 

a)         HENRY de Essex (-after 1210).  “Henry de Essex, the king’s constable” confirmed his parents’ donation of Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of "Cecily his wife, Henry his son and his other children"[278].  “Henricus de Essexia” confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Walde" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s made by "Cecilia mater mea", by undated charter[279].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Henricus de Essex" holding one quarter of one knight’s fee "in Ordewic et Cumbretone" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire in [1210/12][280]

b)         HUGH de Essex (-after Mar 1194).  “Hugonem de Essexia filium Henrici” assented to the donation of "ecclesiam de Walde" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s made by "Cecilia mater eius et Henricus frater ipsius Hugonis", by charter dated Mar 1194[281]

c)         AGNES de Essex ([1151/52]-after 1206[282], bur Colne Priory).  Earl Aubrey tried to repudiate his third wife within a year but in [1171/72] Alexander III King of Scotland directed the Bishop of London to order Earl Aubrey to take her back[283]m ([1162/63]) as his third wife, AUBREY [III] de Vere Earl of Oxford, son of AUBREY [II] de Vere & his wife Adelisa [Alice] de Clare ([1110]-26 Dec 1194, bur Colne Priory). 

d)         other children .  “Henry de Essex, the king’s constable” confirmed his parents’ donation of Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of "Cecily his wife, Henry his son and his other children"[284]

3.         [GUNNOR .  An undated charter records the settlement of a dispute between the prior of Binham and “Gunnoram de Estsexia” concerning property "villæ…Westleia" donated by “domina Agnes de Valoniis et Robertus de Valoniis filius eius”, witnessed by “…Roberto de Ver, Henrico fratre eius…[285].  The donation in question can be dated to the mid-12th century, but it the charter appears to have been dated later.  According to Domesday Descendants, Gunnor was the daughter of Robert FitzSwein[286].  However, the only authority cited is this undated charter relating to the dispute at Binham which does not name Gunnor’s parents.  It is therefore possible that she was the widow of Robert FitzSwein not his daughter.] 

 

 

 

 

EWIAS

 

 

HAROLD de Ewias of Ewias Harold, Herefordshire, son of RAOUL de Mantes Earl of Hereford & his wife Gytha --- (-after 1120).  Bannister suggests that Harold “could only have been a boy in January 1066”, adding that “he was then a minor in the wardship of Queen Edith, widow of the Confessor and daughter of Earl Godwin” (without citing the corresponding primary source)[287].  Freeman states that "Harold the son of Ralph" is named in Domesday in Gloucestershire, Worcester, Warwickshire and Middlesex[288].   Domesday Book records that "Harold son of Earl Ralph holds Sudeley of the king. Ralph his father held it...[and] Toddington" in Gloucestershire; Droitwich in Worcestershire; Chilvers Cotton and Burton Dassett in Warwickshire[289].  Lord of Ewias, Herefordshire after 1086: Bannister comments that “exactly how or when Harold became possessed of this Ewias land it is not possible to explain[290].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Haraldus dominus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis, Diveles cum capella Sancti Nicholai de Castro, capellam Sancti Jacobi de Ewyas, capellam Sanctæ Kaenæ cum capella de Caneros…decimam annonæ suæ venationis suæ…ecclesiam de Foy…ecclesiam de Alyngetone et ecclesiam de Burnham" in 1100, confirmed by "Theobaldo Cantuarensi archiepiscopo tempore Hamelini abbatis" [abbot from 1148 to 1179][291].  "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[292]

m ---.  The name of Harold’s wife is not known.  Bannister speculates that she was “Alveva uxor Heraldi”, holding lands in Buckinghamshire “near to the lands once held by Harold’s mother Gueth” in Domesday Book[293].  He does not specify the land, but presumably it is "in Tyringham Acard holds of William", Domesday Book specifying that “this manor 5 thegns held: one of them Harold had 3 hides...and Æelfgifu wife of Harold 11/2 hides as 1 manor[294].  As the latter part of the entry in question clearly relates to the pre-conquest holding, Bannister has misinterpreted the section and his speculation should be ignored. 

Harold & his wife had five children: 

1.         ROBERT [I] de Ewias (-after 1147[295]).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the confirmation by "Robertus" of the donation of "ecclesiam de Burneham prioratui de Ewyas" made by "patris sui Haraldi" and his own donation  of "decimas omnium maneriorum suorum"[296].  "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[297].  A manuscript which lists donations to Gloucester St Peter includes a record of the donation in 1100 by “Haraldus dominus de Ewyas” and the later confirmation by “Robertus” of "donum Haraldi patris sui"[298].  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Robertus…filius Heraldi, vir stemmatis ingenuissimi" was sent by the king to subdue the Welsh, dated to [1136/37][299].  "Robertus filius Haraldi de Ewyas" confirmed the donations of "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter made by his father, for the souls of himself and "uxoris meæ Sibillæ", by undated charter[300].  Bannister states that Robert [I] de Ewias founded in 1147 the Cistercian abbey at Dore in which he was buried[301]m SIBYLLA, daughter of ---.  "Robertus filius Haraldi de Ewyas" confirmed the donations of "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter made by his father, for the souls of himself and "uxoris meæ Sibillæ", by undated charter[302].  Robert & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         ROBERT [II] de Ewias (-1198).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "Roberti de Weias" in Herefordshire[303].  “Robert of Ewias” donated tithes to Ewias Priory by undated charter witnessed by “Petronilla my wife, Sibilla my daughter, William and Herbert my brothers[304].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Ewias xix m" in Hereford in [1167/68][305].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus de Ewias" paying "ix l x s, xix milites" in Herefordshire[306].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Robertus de Ewias" paying "xix l, xix milites" in Herefordshire and also paying in Hampshire[307].  “Robert of Ewias” remitted payments to the chaplains of Ewias Priory by charter dated 1196 which names “John my son[308].  "Robertus de Ewyas filius Roberti de Ewyas" confirmed the donations of "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis et Sancti Jacobi de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, for the souls of himself and "uxoris meæ Petronillæ et filiæ meæ Sibillæ", by charter dated 23 Feb 1196[309]m PETRONILLA, daughter of --- (-after 28 Oct 1204).  “Robert of Ewias” donated tithes to Ewias Priory by undated charter witnessed by “Petronilla my wife, Sibilla my daughter, William and Herbert my brothers[310].  "Robertus de Ewyas filius Roberti de Ewyas" confirmed the donations of "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis et Sancti Jacobi de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, for the souls of himself and "uxoris meæ Petronillæ et filiæ meæ Sibillæ", by charter dated 23 Feb 1196[311].  “Petronilla de Ewias” reached agreement with the abbot of Gloucester about the advowson of Eton by charter dated 28 Oct 1204[312].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

i)          SIBYLLA de Ewias (-before 1 Jul 1236).  “Robert of Ewias” donated tithes to Ewias Priory by undated charter witnessed by “Petronilla my wife, Sibilla my daughter, William and Herbert my brothers[313].  "Robertus de Ewyas filius Roberti de Ewyas" confirmed the donations of "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis et Sancti Jacobi de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, for the souls of himself and "uxoris meæ Petronillæ et filiæ meæ Sibillæ", by charter dated 23 Feb 1196[314].  Henry III King of England confirmed "terre de Helvinton, que est de feodo ipsius Sibille" to "Rogero de Clifford et Sibille de Euias uxori eius" dated [early] 1217[315].  “Rogerus de Clifford” requested burial at Dore abbey, Herefordshire, with the consent of "Sibillæ uxoris meæ", next to "filium suum", by undated charter, witnessed by "Ricardo de Clifford, Willielmo de Ewyas seniore, Willielmo de Ewyas juniore, filio Sibillæ"[316].  "Domina Sibilla de Ewyas filia Roberti de Ewyas" donated her mill at Ethon to Acornbury priory, Herefordshire by undated charter, witnessed by “domino Waltero de Lacy, domino Rogero de Clifford, Willielmo de Ewias…Roberto Tregoz et fratribus suis"[317]m firstly ROBERT [I] de Tresgoz, son of --- (-[1213/14]).  m secondly (early 1217) ROGER [I] Clifford of Tenbury, son of WALTER [II] de Clifford & his wife Agnes de Cundy (-[Dec 1231]). 

ii)         JOHN de Ewias (-[1196/98]).  “Robert of Ewias” remitted payments to the chaplains of Ewias Priory by charter dated 1196 which names “John my son[318]

b)         WILLIAM de Ewias (-after [1231]).  “Robert of Ewias” donated tithes to Ewias Priory by undated charter witnessed by “Petronilla my wife, Sibilla my daughter, William and Herbert my brothers[319].  “Rogerus de Clifford” requested burial at Dore abbey, Herefordshire, with the consent of "Sibillæ uxoris meæ", next to "filium suum", by undated charter, witnessed by "Ricardo de Clifford, Willielmo de Ewyas seniore, Willielmo de Ewyas juniore, filio Sibillæ"[320].  "Domina Sibilla de Ewyas filia Roberti de Ewyas" donated her mill at Ethon to Acornbury priory, Herefordshire by undated charter, witnessed by “domino Waltero de Lacy, domino Rogero de Clifford, Willielmo de Ewias…Roberto Tregoz et fratribus suis"[321].] 

c)         HERBERT de Ewias .  “Robert of Ewias” donated tithes to Ewias Priory by undated charter witnessed by “Petronilla my wife, Sibilla my daughter, William and Herbert my brothers[322]

d)         ROGER of Ewias (-after 1206).  “Roger of Ewias” donated land to Ewias Priory, with the consent of “William of Ewias my lord”, by charter dated to after 1206 witnessed by “William of Ewias my brother and lord...[323]

e)         [WALTER de Ewias (-after 1206).  There is no indication of the parentage of Walter, but from a chronological point of view he could have been another son of Robert [I] de Ewias.  “Walter of Ewias” donated land “versus Haiam” to Ewias Priory, with the consent of “Basilia my wife and William and Roger his sons”, by charter dated 1206[324].]  m BASILIA de Carneville, daughter of RICHARD de Carneville & his wife --- (-after 1206).  “Walter of Ewias” donated land “versus Haiam” to Ewias Priory, with the consent of “Basilia my wife and William and Roger his sons”, by charter dated 1206[325].  “Basilia daughter of Richard de Carneville and wife of Walter de Ewias” donated land to Ewias Priory by charter dated to after 1206 witnessed by “William and Roger my sons...[326].  Walter & his wife had two children: 

i)          WILLIAM de EwiasWalter of Ewias” donated land “versus Haiam” to Ewias Priory, with the consent of “Basilia my wife and William and Roger his sons”, by charter dated 1206[327].  “Basilia daughter of Richard de Carneville and wife of Walter de Ewias” donated land to Ewias Priory by charter dated to after 1206 witnessed by “William and Roger my sons...[328].  “William son of Walter of Ewias and Basilia de Carneville” confirmed the donation of land “near the church and...super Stanihurstam” to Ewias Priory made by “his father and mother” by charter dated to after 1206[329]

ii)         ROGER de Ewias .  “Walter of Ewias” donated land “versus Haiam” to Ewias Priory, with the consent of “Basilia my wife and William and Roger his sons”, by charter dated 1206[330].  “Basilia daughter of Richard de Carneville and wife of Walter de Ewias” donated land to Ewias Priory by charter dated to after 1206 witnessed by “William and Roger my sons...[331]

2.         ROGER de Ewias (-after 1166).  "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[332].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Rogerus de Wias" held one knight’s fee "de Cliva" from "Roberti de Weias" in Herefordshire[333].  Roger’s precise parentage has not been identified, but it is reasonable to suppose that he was another brother of Robert [II] de Ewias.] 

3.         JOHN de Sudeley (-before 1166).  "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[334].  Lord of Sudeley Castle and Toddington, Gloucestershire.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Johs de Sulleia" accounting for his (unnamed) wife’s property in Gloucestershire[335]

-        SUDELEY

4.         ALEXANDER de Ewias .  "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[336]

5.         WILLIAM de Ewias .  "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[337]

 

 

 

 

FALAISE

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Falaise of Stogursey (-after 1086).  Domesday Book records “William de Falaise” holding land in Standlynch in Wiltshire, Silton and Milton-on-Stour in Dorset, Stogursey, Wootton Courtenay and Woodspring in Somerset, and numerous properties in Devonshire[338].  Farrer records that William de Falaise and his wife Geva donated the church of St. Andrew of Suntinstock to Lonlay Sainte-Marie by undated charter[339].  An Inspeximus dated 10 Jul 1268 quotes the charter under which Henry II King of England confirmed that “Willelmus de Falesya” donated “illam hydam terre de la Wyche...cum filia sua” to Romsey St. Mary[340]m GEVA de Burcy, daughter of SERLO de Burcy & his wife ---.  Farrer records that William de Falaise and his wife Geva donated the church of St. Andrew of Suntinstock to Lonlay Sainte-Marie by undated charter[341].  Farrer records her parentage and her maritagium of Woodspring, Kewstoke parish[342].  William & his wife had three children: 

a)         EMMA de Falaise (-after 1129)Domesday Descendants records her parentage and marriages[343].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Emme de Falesia" in Wiltshire[344]m firstly WILLIAM FitzHumphrey, son of --- (-[1100]).  m secondly WILLIAM [I] de Courcy, son of RICHARD [I] de Courcy & his wife --- (-[1114]). 

b)         SIBYLLA de Falaise .  A plea at Westminster, dating to the ninth year of Henry III King of England [1226], records that "Vitalis Engaing" claimed land "in honore de Mungumery" which "Dominus Rex H, senex" had given "in maritagium Baldewino de Bollers cum Sibilla de Faleise, nepte ipsius H regis", and that "eadem Sibilla" had "unam filiam Matillidem de ipso Baldewino" who "dominus Rex" gave to "Ricardo filio Ursie", who by her had "unum filium et duas filias…Reginaldum filium Ursi et Margeriam primogenitam et Mabiliam"[345].  Sibylla’s relationship with Henry I King of England, assuming that such relationship is correctly represented in this document, has not been traced.  m ([1100/10]) as his first wife, BALDWIN de Boulers Lord of Montgomery, son of ---. 

c)         daughter .  Nun at Romsey St. Mary.  An Inspeximus dated 10 Jul 1268 quotes the charter under which Henry II King of England confirmed that “Willelmus de Falesya” donated “illam hydam terre de la Wyche...cum filia sua” to Romsey St. Mary[346]

 

 

1.         HUGH de Falaise .  King Henry I ordered "R. de Belmeis et Hugoni de Faleysa et omnibus baronibus suis de Sussex" to restore Ralph Bishop of Chichester to land by hte city wall of Chichester by undated charter, dated to early in the king’s reign[347].  "…Hugone de Falesia" witnessed an undated charter under which King Henry I donated "terram vastam de Waliegeford" to Abingdon monastery[348]

 

2.         JOHN de Falaise (-after [1135/38]).  “...Johanne de Faleisa...” witnessed the undated charter (presumably dated to before the donor’s second marriage) under which “Aelidis filia Godefridi ducis Lotharingie qui fui uxor...regis Anglie Henrici” donated land “apud Hansberge...Stantonam manerium” to Oseney St. Mary, recorded by inspeximus dated 28 Feb 1320[349]

 

3.         AGNES de Falaise .  “Hugh de Gundevill and Agnes de Falaise his wife” confirmed to Boxgrove a hide in Herting which “Emma de Falaise wife of Gilbert de Sartilli” gave them, by undated charter[350]m HUGH de Gundeville, son of --- (-1181). 

 

4.         EMMA de Falaise .  “Hugh de Gundevill and Agnes de Falaise his wife” confirmed to Boxgrove a hide in Herting which “Emma de Falaise wife of Gilbert de Sartilli” gave them, by undated charter[351]m GILBERT de Sartilli, son of ---. 

 

 

 

 

FAMILY of HERBERT FitzHENRY, the CHAMBERLAIN

 

 

1.         HENRYm ---.  The name of Henry’s wife is not known.  Henry & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         HERBERT FitzHenry (-[1129/30]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

-        see below

 

 

HERBERT FitzHenry, son of HENRY & his wife --- (-[1129/30]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  [Domesday Book records land held by “Herbert the Chamberlain” in Rhode and Selborne in Neatham Hundred, Soberton in Meonstoke Hundred in Hampshire[352].  It is not known whether these entries relate to the future chamberlain of King Henry I.]  Chamberlain of Henry I King of England from 1101.  "…Herbertus regis camerarius…" subscribed a charter dated Sep 1101 under which Bishop Herbert donated property to Norwich priory[353].  The Hyde Register lists "Herbertus camerarius, Arnulfus filius eius, Emma uxor eius" immediately after the names of King Henry I and his first wife[354].  An undated charter of Thomas Archbishop of York records that "domino Herberto Camerario et filio eius" were enfeoffed with "Laudesbrough, cum Tolethorpe, Wiverthorpe cum Helperthorp et duabus Luttunis in Turgisleby" and other properties in Yorkshire and in Gloucestershire, witnessed by "…Herbertus filius…"[355].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Herb Camer" in Bedfordshire and Warwickshire[356].  As his son appears in the same source holding lands of his father, it is assumed that Herbert FitzHenry died during the course of that year. 

m EMMA, daughter of ---.  The Hyde Register lists "Herbertus camerarius, Arnulfus filius eius, Emma uxor eius" immediately after the names of King Henry I and his first wife[357].  Secondary sources state that she was Emma de Blois, illegitimate daughter of Etienne Comte de Blois & his mistress ---.  This is presumably based on the Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire, which names "comitis --- Herberti filius, ex Emma sorore regis Anglorum Stephani progenitus"[358].  As this source is dated to [1394/1400], it is unlikely to be conclusive in relation to events which occurred 250 years earlier in the absence of other corroborative evidence.  Eyton includes no reference to any wife of Herbert FitzHenry in his article on the barony of FitzHerbert[359].  Until further evidence comes to light, it is suggested that the information be considered with caution.  If it is correct, the chronology of the FitzHerbert family dictates that Emma must have been born while her supposed father was still young, maybe even before his marriage to Adela of England in 1080. 

Herbert & his wife had six children: 

1.         ARNULF .  The Hyde Register lists "Herbertus camerarius, Arnulfus filius eius, Emma uxor eius" immediately after the names of King Henry I and his first wife[360]

2.         RICHARD .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo records "Ricardus filius Hereberti Camerarii" with "feodum dimidii militis" held from "abbatia de Burch" [in Hampshire][361]

3.         HERBERT FitzHerbert [I] (-[before 1155]).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Herbt fil Herbti Camer…tra patis sui" in Hampshire[362].  An undated charter of Thomas Archbishop of York records that "domino Herberto Camerario et filio eius" were enfeoffed with "Laudesbrough, cum Tolethorpe, Wiverthorpe cum Helperthorp et duabus Luttunis in Turgisleby" and other properties in Yorkshire and in Gloucestershire, witnessed by "…Herbertus filius…"[363].  "…Hereberto filio Hereberti…" subscribed a charter of Renaud Earl of Cornwall which names "matertere mee Aliz Corbet"[364]m ([1115/25]) SIBYL Corbet Lady of Alcester and Pontesbury, formerly mistress of HENRY I King of England, daughter of ROBERT Corbet of Alcester, co Warwick & his wife --- ([1090/95]-after 1157).  The Complete Peerage deduces her parentage, relationship with King Henry, and her subsequent marriage from a charter, dated to [1163/75], of her son "Reginaldus, Henrici Regis filius, comes Cornubiæ" by which he granted property to "Willielmo de Boterell, filio Aliziæ Corbet, materteræ meæ" which he had granted to "Willielmo de Boterells in Cornubia, patri…predicti Willielmi" on his marriage, witnessed by "Nicholao filio meo…Herberto filio Herberti, Baldwino et Ricardo nepotibus meis, Willelmo de Vernun, Willielmo fratre meo…Hugone de Dunstanvill…"[365].  The [1125/35] birth date range estimated for her son Herbert, born from this marriage, suggests that she married after her relationship with the king.  The Pipe Roll of 1157 records a payment to "the mother of Earl Reginald" from an estate at Mienes, Sussex[366].  Herbert & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         ROBERT FitzHerbert (-before 1165).  Henry II King of England restored properties of "Roberto filio Hereberti Camerarii", held by "pater suus vel avus suus", by charter dated to [Feb/Mar] 1155, witnessed by "…Rainaldo comite Cornubie…Johanne Marescallo"[367].  Chamberlain of King Henry II.  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus filius Herberti v m ii milites et dimidium" in Wiltshire in [1160/61] and [1161/62][368].  [The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Robertus filius Herberti" in Hampshire[369].] 

b)         HERBERT FitzHerbert [II] ([1125/35]-before 18 Jul 1204).  “Willelmus filius Hugonis de Bridssale” donated property “de feudo Herberti filii Herberti” to Watton convent by charter dated to [1175/95][370].  His birth date range is estimated based on the latest birth date of his wife, bearing in mind the probable date of birth of his half-brother Renaud Earl of Cornwall and his own date of death. 

-        see below

c)         HENRY FitzHerbert (-after 1171).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Henricus filius Herberti v m ii milites et dimidium" in Wiltshire in [1160/61][371].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Henricus filius Herberti xx s" in Wiltshire in [1171/72][372]

d)         [WILLIAM (-after 1187).  "…Herberto filio Herberti…Willielmo fratre meo…" subscribed the charter, dated to [1163/75], under which "Reginaldus, Henrici Regis filius, comes Cornubiæ" granted property to "Willielmo de Boterell, filio Aliziæ Corbet, materteræ meæ" which he had granted to "Willielmo de Boterells in Cornubia, patri…predicti Willielmi" on his marriage[373].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus frater comitis Reginaldi" held half of one knight’s fee from "Roberti filii Regis" in Devon[374].  Benedict of Peterborough records that Henry II King of England granted the kingdom of Limerick to "Hereberti filio Hereberti, et Willelmo fratri comitis Reginaldi, et Joellano de la Pumerai nepoti eorum" at a council in Oxford in May 1177, but that "Herbertus et Willelmus, fratres Reginaldi comitis Cornubiæ, et Joellanus de Pumeria nepos eorum" declined it at a council at Marlborough 3 Jun 1177[375].  None of the primary sources so far consulted conclusively indicates whether William was the full brother of Earl Renaud or his half-brother by their mother’s marriage to Herbert FitzHerbert.  However, the order in which the individuals are named in the documents quoted above suggests that William was younger than Herbert, in which case it is more likely that he was the uterine brother of the earl.  The question has been confused by the possible co-identity between William, brother of Earl Renaud, and Willliam brother of Sibyl Queen of Scotland.  However, as discussed in the document ENGLAND KINGS 1066-1603, the chronology is unfavourable for this co-identity to be correct.  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of la Trinité de Caen, including the donation by "Willelmi filii Herberti" of "decimam…in Willun", by charter dated to [1180/82][376]m ALICE, daughter of ---.  "Willelmus de Marisco frater Reginaldi comitis Cornubie" names his wife Alice in a charter[377].] 

e)         [ROHESE (-1176).  The parentage of Rohese is uncertain.  Renaud Earl of Cornwall granted Roseworthy manor in Cornwall to his sister "Rohesia de Pomeria" in a charter[378].  The wife of Henry de la Pomerai was either Rohese, illegitimate daughter of Henry I King of England & his mistress Sibyl Corbet, or Sibyl’s daughter by her husband Herbert FitzHerbert.  m HENRY [I] de la Pomerai, son of JOSCELIN de la Pomerai & his wife Emma --- (-[1156/64]).] 

4.         WILLIAM FitzHerbert (-8 Jun 1154).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo fil Herb" in Wiltshire[379].  Stephen King of England granted property "ecclesiam de Wiverthorpe, ecclesiam de Laudesbrough et ecclesiam de Clera", held by "Herberti fratris eius", to "Willielmus thesaurarius Eborum, capellanus meus"[380].  Archbishop of York 1143-1153.  Bishop of Durham 1153-1154.  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the death in 1154 "infra ablutiones liquore lethali infectus" of "Willelmus Cumyn Eboracensis archiepiscopus"[381]

5.         daughter .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt de Venuiz…p filia Herbt Camer cu dote sua" in Hampshire[382], which suggests that the marriage had been recent.  m ([1129/30]) ROBERT de Venuiz, son of ---. 

6.         daughter .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills Croc…p filia Herb Camer cu maritag suo" in Berkshire[383], which suggests that the marriage had been recent.  m ([1129/30]) WILLIAM Croc, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         STEPHEN .  His name, as well as that of his son Ralph, suggests a family connection with Herbert, father of Stephen who is shown below.  m ---.  The name of Stephen’s wife is not known.  Stephen & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         RALPH FitzStephen (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Radulfus filius Stephani" held one knight’s fee from the bishop of Exeter in Devon[384]

b)         [WILLIAM FitzStephen (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus filius Stephani" held one knight’s fee from "Roberti filii Regis" and half a knight’s fee from "Willelmi de Tracy", both in Devon[385].] 

c)         [ARCHIBALD FitzStephen (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Archebaldus filius Stephani" held three parts of one knight’s fee from "Warini de Aula" in Devon[386].] 

 

 

1.         HERBERT (-[1160]).  Chamberlain of David I King of Scotland and of Malcolm IV King of Scotland.  He is first recorded as chamberlain in a charter dated to [1126] under which King David granted privileges to the church of St Andrews, witnessed by "Herberto camerario"[387].]  m ([1130/35]) MILLICENT, niece of William Turniant, daughter of ---.  A charter of King John includes a notice that King Henry I granted "Millicent niece of William Turniant, with the land of William and Richard his brother, and of Osbert the sheriff their father, including Marston [co. Lincs]" to "Herbert the chamberlain", dated to [1130/35][388].  The husband of Millicent has been identified as Herbert the Chamberlain of Scotland[389].  If the grant is correctly dated, "Herbert the chamberlain" could not have been Herbert FitzHenry who died in 1129.  It could not have been his son Herbert FitzHerbert either, as he was already then married to his wife Sibyl who survived him.  Herbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         STEPHEN FitzHerbert (-after 1190).  “Stephanus filius Herberti camerarii regis Stephani” confirmed a donation to St Mary, Thornton by charter dated to [1154/70][390].  Chamberlain of Malcolm IV King of Scotland: "Stephanus filius Hereberti camerarii regis Scotie" confirmed a donation to Kirkstead abbey by "Gregorius" by charter dated 31 Jan 1160[391].  "…Stephano filio camerarii" witnessed the charter dated 1163 under which "[Rodbertus] Marmiun" donated land in Roughton to Kirkstead abbey[392].  “Stephanus filius Herberti camerarii” made a return of knights’ fees dated 1166[393].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Stephanus filius Herberti Camerarii xvi s vii d" in Yorkshire in [1167/68][394].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Stephanus filius Herberti xxiv s iv d, de novo xx s" in Yorkshire in [1171/72][395].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Stephanus filius Herberti" paying "xi s viii d" in Yorkshire[396]m ---.  The name of Stephen’s wife is not known.  Stephen & his wife had [six] children: 

i)          RALPH FitzStephen (-before 1 Feb 1222).  His parentage is confirmed by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which refers to “uxoris Radulfi filii Stephani, Cambellani domini regis…”, adding that the land held by her mother was “de baronia Radulfi filii Stephani[397].  "…Radulfo filio Stephano camerario et Eustachio fratre suo" subscribed the charter dated to [Dec 1175/Mar 1182] under which Henry II King of England confirmed property granted to "Alexandro de Barentin" by "Ricardi Pictaviensis archidiaconi et Herberti filii sui"[398].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Radulphus filius Stephani" paying "x s, i militem" in Gloucestershire[399].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Radulfi filius Stephani" paying "xx s, i militem" in Gloucestershire[400].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Radulfus filius Stephani" holding half of one knight’s fee in "Stevening" in Lincolnshire in [1210/12][401].  "Richard of Gloucester" paid homage to the king "as the nearest heir of Ralph son of Stephen for the manor of Winterbourne which Matilda de Caux held in dower", dated 9 May 1225[402]m firstly ---.  The name of Ralph’s first wife is not known.  m secondly (1185) as her second husband, MATILDA de Cauz, widow of ADAM FitzPeter Lord of Birkyn, daughter of ROBERT de Cauz & his wife Sibyl Basset (-before 14 May 1224).  Her parentage is confirmed by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records “terra eius in Riscinton” held by “uxor que fuit Roberti de Caux et mater uxoris Radulfi filii Stephani, Cambellani domini regis, filia Ricardi Basset et soror Willelmi Basset…L annorum et amplius”, adding that the land was “de baronia Radulfi filii Stephani[403].  An order dated 14 May 1224 confiscated "all land formerly of Matilda de Caux, who was the wife of Ralph son of Stephen, who is dead"[404].  "John of Birkin, heir of Matilda de Caux" made a fine for "his relief of the lands formerly of Matilda…custody of the forest of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire", dated 25 May 1224[405].  Ralph & his first wife had one child: 

(1)       RALPH (-[1 Feb 1222/1225]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

ii)         EUSTACE (-after 1201).  "…Radulfo filio Stephano camerario et Eustachio fratre suo" subscribed the charter dated to [Dec 1175/Mar 1182] under which Henry II King of England confirmed property granted to "Alexandro de Barentin" by "Ricardi Pictaviensis archidiaconi et Herberti filii sui"[406]m ---.  The name of Eustace’s wife is not known.  Eustace & his wife had one child: 

(1)       THOMAS FitzEustace (-[Jun 1222/22 Feb 1223])m (1201) as her first husband, JOAN Noel, daughter of THOMAS Noel of Ellenhall, Staffordshire & his wife Margaret Lestrange (-after 1235).  "Thom Noel" paid a fine for the marriage of "filia sua juniore…filio Eustac fil Steph" in Shropshire, and "Will de Harcurt" paid a fine to marry "filia primogenita predicti Thomæ" in Leicestershire, dated 1201[407].  She married secondly Alexander Bacon.  "Johanna Noel uxor quondam Alexandri Bacun" donated property to "Ricardo vicario de Chesworthyn" by undated charter[408].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Shropshire, dated to [1226/28], which includes "Matildis le Estrange et Alicia de Harecurt et Johanna Noel tenent de domino rege manerium de Alvitheleg"[409]

iii)        ROBERT .  "Robertus filius Stephani camerarii" confirmed a donation to Kirkstead abbey of property in Swinethorpe by charter dated to the late 12th century witnessed by "…Roberto filio Roberti de Tatersala…"[410]

iv)       [HUGH FitzStephen (-after 1190).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Hugo filius Stephani" paying "x s… i militem" in Essex, Hertfordshire[411].] 

v)        [HUBERT FitzStephen (-after 1194).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Hubertus filius Stephani, camer[arii]" paying "xxiii s iv d" in Yorkshire[412].] 

vi)       [daughter .  The precise relationship between Ralph FitzStephen and Richard of Gloucester has not yet been traced, but it is possible that Richard’s mother or grandmother was Ralph’s sister.]  m ---.  One child: 

(1)       RICHARD of Gloucester (-after May 1225).  "Richard of Gloucester" paid homage to the king "as the nearest heir of Ralph son of Stephen for the manor of Winterbourne which Matilda de Caux held in dower", and which Richard had given to "Richard Walensis", dated 9 May 1225[413].

 

 

1.         HENRY FitzHerbert .  There is no indication of the exact relationship between Henry FitzHerbert and the FitzHerbert family in the extracts of sources quoted below, but the son of Herbert FitzHerbert [I] is the only person of this name who has so far been identified in the primary sources consulted.  The dating of the 1201 charter of his grandson indicates that this relationship is possible from a chronological point of view.  m NICOLE, daughter of ---.  "Nicole veuve de Henry Fitz-Herbert" donated property to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, by undated charter[414].  Henry & his wife had two children: 

a)         HENRY .  "Henry fils de Henry Fitz-Herbert" donated rights his property at "Caen" to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, by undated charter[415]

b)         RICHARD .  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which his son "Henry fils de Richard fils de Henry Fitz-Herbert" donated rights in his property at "Venoix" to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados[416]m PETRONILLE, daughter of --- (-after 1218).  "Pétronille femme de Richard fils de Henry Fitz Herbert" donated revenue from her house at Caen to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, by charter dated 1218[417].  Richard & his wife had one child: 

i)          HENRY .  "Henry fils de Richard fils de Henry Fitz-Herbert" donated rights in his property at "Venoix" to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, by undated charter[418].  "Henry Fitz Henry fils de Richard" donated property at "Venoix" to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, by charter dated 1201[419]

 

 

HERBERT FitzHerbert [II], son of HERBERT FitzHerbert [I] & his wife Sibyl Corbet ([1125/35]-before 18 Jul 1204).  “Willelmus filius Hugonis de Bridssale” donated property “de feudo Herberti filii Herberti” to Watton convent by charter dated to [1175/95][420].  His birth date range is estimated based on the latest birth date of his wife, bearing in mind the probable date of birth of his half-brother Renaud Earl of Cornwall and his own date of death.  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Herbertus filius Herberti i m" in Wiltshire in [1161/62][421].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Herbertus filius Herberti camerarii senioris" used to hold two knights` fees in Hampshire now held by "Herbertus filius eius"[422].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Herbertus filius Herberti" in Hampshire[423].  Benedict of Peterborough records that Henry II King of England granted the kingdom of Limerick to "Hereberti filio Hereberti, et Willelmo fratri comitis Reginaldi, et Joellano de la Pumerai nepoti eorum" at a council in Oxford in May 1177, but that "Herbertus et Willelmus, fratres Reginaldi comitis Cornubiæ, et Joellanus de Pumeria nepos eorum" declined it at a council at Marlborough 3 Jun 1177[424].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Herbertus filius Herbertus" paying "xx s, ii milites" in Berkshire and "x s, i militem" in Wiltshire[425].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Herbertus filius Herberti" paying "xxv s, i militem et tertiam" in Hampshire[426]

m LUCY of Hereford, daughter of MILES of Gloucester Earl of Hereford & his wife Sibylle de Neufmarché (before 1143-[1219/20] or after, bur Lanthony Priory, Gloucester).  The Historia fundationis cum fundatoris genealogia of the priory of Abergavenny names “Margaretam, Bertam et Luciam” as the three daughters of “Milonem” & his wife, adding that Lucy married “Herberto filio Hereberti” and inherited “foresta de Dene et aliis terries in Anglia[427].  King John confirmed the possessions of Lanthony abbey by charter dated 30 Jul 1199, including the donation of "duas partes de Onedesleye" made by "Margar de Bohun", in accordance with the division made "inter ipsam et Luciam sororem suam"[428].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land from bishop of Worcester, whose assets had been confiscated by King John, dated to [1208/13]: "Henricus de Boun comes Herefordie et domina Lucia que fuit uxor Herberti filii Herberti" held "manerio in Suham et Brokhamt ii milites…in comitatu Glouc"[429].  A feodary of the bishop of Worcester’s estates drawn up in [1219/20] records that "Dame Lucia, widow of Herbert fitz Herbert" held shares in two Gloucestershire manors[430].  A manuscript in Aske’s collections names “Milo…Erle of Herforde, Lord of Bricone and of all the Forest of Done, and also Constable of England…Sibbill wiff of the seid Milo…Luce the third daughter of the seid Milo Erle…” among those buried at Lanthony Priory[431]

Herbert & his wife had two children: 

1.         REYNOLD FitzHerbert (-[1190/92]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

2.         PIERS FitzHerbert of Blaenllyfni (-1 Jul 1235, bur Reading).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Petrus filius Herberti" paying "xv s, iii partes [militis]" in Berkshire[432].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Petrus filius Herberti" holding one knight’s fee "Manekeford" in Wiltshire, and three in Yorkshire, in [1210/12][433].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Petrus filius Herberti et Willelmus de Boterellis" holding "tres partes" in Warwickshire in [1210/12][434].  Matthew Paris names “...Petrus filius Hereberti...” among the "consiliarios iniquissimos” of King John[435].  Henry III King of England granted "terris Petri filii Herberti" to "fratri nostro Olivero filio Regis" dated 20 Mar 1217[436].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Oxfordshire, dated 1219, which includes "Petrus filius Herberti" holding land "in Walinton…hundredo de Puritona"[437].  A letter of Henry III King of England to the bishop of Rochester, dated 13 Jun 1230, appointing him to make an assize of arms in Kent, names "Petrus filius Hereberti…Matthæus filius Hereberti" as those charged with a similar exercise in Berkshire and Wiltshire respectively[438].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death "Kal Jul" in 1235 of “Petrus filius Hereberti” and his burial at Reading[439]m firstly (marriage settlement 28 Nov 1203) ALICE, daughter of ROBERT FitzRoger of Warkworth & his wife Margery de Chesney.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m secondly as her second husband, ISABEL de Ferrers, widow of ROGER de Mortimer of Wigmore, daughter of WALKELIN de Ferrers & his wife --- (-before 29 Apr 1252, bur Lechlade).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Wigmore Abbey records that “Isabella…filia domini de Ferrers de Lechlade” was the second wife of “domini Rogeri”, adding that she became a nun “apud Lechelade” and was buried there[440].  “Rogerus de Mortuomari…et dominæ Isabellæ uxoris meæ” donated property to Kington St Michael by undated charter, witnessed by “Philippo de Mortuomari…[441].  An order dated [Apr] 1225 delayed repayment from "Peter fitz Herbert and Isabella his wife" of a "debt of Henry de Ferrers brother of the same Isabella"[442].  King Henry III confirmed inheritance of property by "Henricus de Fraxneto" to "Petro filio Herberti et Isabelle uxori eius" dated [Jun] 1232[443].  Piers & his first wife had two children: 

a)         HERBERT FitzPiers of Blaenllyfni (-before 27 May 1248).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

b)         REYNOLD FitzPiers (-4/5 May 1286).  "Reginald son of Peter" was granted rights in "demesne lands in Lechamstede, co. Berks" dated 26 Sep 1257[444]

-        see below

3.         MATTHEW FitzHerbert (-[13 Jun 1230/Feb 1231]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Mathaeus filius Herberti" holding one knight’s fee "Stoke" in Wiltshire, and one in Devonshire from "honor Gloucestriæ", in [1210/12][445].  A letter of Henry III King of England to the bishop of Rochester, dated 13 Jun 1230, appointing him to make an assize of arms in Kent, names "Petrus filius Hereberti…Matthæus filius Hereberti" as those charged with a similar exercise in Berkshire and Wiltshire respectively[446].  Matthew, his wife and descendants are shown by Eyton but the primary sources which confirm the information have not yet been identified[447]m (before Jun 1200) JOAN Patric, daughter of --- & his wife Mabel Patric[448] (-after 21 Feb 1231).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1219, by "Robertus filius Briani, Oliuerus Auenel, Gaufridus Talebot et Adam de Dornapetona" against "Matheum filium Hereberti et Johannam uxorem eius"[449].  Matthew & his wife had three children: 

a)         HERBERT FitzMatthew (-3 or 5 Feb 1245).  "Herbert son of Matthew" was granted "the manor of Warblinton, late of Robert de Curcy" dated 10 Jun 1231[450].  "Herbert son of Matthew" was granted "a weekly market…at Emeleswurth…" dated 20 Apr 1239[451]m MILLICENT Paynell, daughter of WILLIAM Paynell of Bampton, Devon & his wife Alice Briwere (-before 1249).  The Complete Peerage states that Herbert FitzMatthew married “Milicent da. and coh. of William Paynel of Bampton, Devon” but does not cite the corresponding primary source[452].  An indication of the connection between the two families is provided by the order dated 4 Feb 1228 under which Henry III King of England granted "custodiam terre et heredis Willelmi Paynel" to "Hereberto filio Mathey" and ordered the sheriff of Devon to release them to him[453].  She must have died childless before 1249 when an inquisitions after her brother’s death name his sister Aude as his heir. 

b)         PETER FitzMatthew (-1255).  Land recovered from "Peter son of Matthew" was regranted dated 18 Aug 1252[454]

c)         JOHN FitzMatthew (-before 19 Jan 1261).  A debt of "Peter son of Matthew" was granted, to be received from "John son of Matthew brother and heir of the said Peter son of Matthew" dated 28 Dec 1256[455]m[456] as her first husband, MARGARET de Berkeley, daughter of THOMAS de Berkeley of Berkeley, Gloucestershire & his wife Joan [de Somery].  She married secondly (before 18 Oct 1265) Ansel Basset of Winford and Saltford, Somerset.  John & his wife had one child: 

i)          MATTHEW FitzJohn (-31 May 1309).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   m ELEANOR, daughter of --- (-after 4 Jul 1325).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  

 

 

REYNOLD FitzPiers, son of PIERS FitzHerbert & his wife Alice --- (-4/5 May 1286).  "Reginald son of Peter" was granted rights in "demesne lands in Lechamstede, co. Berks" dated 26 Sep 1257[457].  "P. de Monte Forti" wrote to Henry III King of England, dated to [Dec 1262], reporting that he "found the Welsh march in great confusion" and names "dominorum Humfridi de Boun, Reginaldi filii Petri…"[458].   The Chronicle of Peterborough names "dominus Reginaldus filius Petri" among those sent to fight Llywelyn Prince of Wales in 1282[459].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 5 May "14 Edw I" following the death 5 May of "Reginald son of Peter” name “John his son aged 30 and more [...aged 28] is his next heir...Joan his wife who survives him[460].  Eyton gives some details about his descendants in Shropshire[461]

m firstly ALICE, daughter of --- (-24 Aug 1265).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

m secondly as her third husband, JEANNE de Vivonne, widow firstly of INGRAM de Percy of Dalton Percy and secondly of AIMERY [X] de Rochechouart, daughter of GUILLAUME de Vivonne "de Fortibus" & his wife Matilda de Ferrers ([1250/52]-1 Jun 1314[462]).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Johanna de Vynon, Cecilia de Bellocampo, Sibilla nupta Almarico de Archiaks in Piganra" as children of "Matilda de Kyme" third daughter of "Willielmo de Ferrers comiti Derbiæ" and his wife[463], although the other sources quoted below show that these children were born from Matilda’s second marriage not her third.  Henry III King of England granted, 2 Aug 1259, "the wardship of the lands late of William de Fortibus" to "Ingram de Percy, Peter de Chauuvent and Imbert de Muntferaunt" and the marriages of the deceased’s four daughters, the eldest to Ingram[464].  The fact of her first marriage is confirmed by the grant, 10 Oct 1262, of the marriage of "the eldest daughter and one of the heirs of William de Fortibus, late the wife of Ingram de Percy" to Queen Eleanor[465].  Her second marriage is confirmed by the Somersetshire Pleas for 15 Jul 1269 which include a record that "Aunsell de Gurnay and his wife Sibyl" warranted "Emery de Roche Chaward, son of Emery de Roche Chaward, and Joan his wife, Sibyl, Mabel and Cecily, the daughters and heirs of William de Fortibus" relating to land in "Corfton"[466].  The absence of any further references to Jeanne with her second husband suggest that the marriage was dissolved or annulled soon afterwards.  This is also suggested because there is no mention of Aimery’s two children in the documents relating to Jeanne’s inheritance, which would be appropriate if they were born from his otherwise unrecorded second marriage.  Inquisitions following a writ dated 5 May "14 Edw I" following the death 5 May of "Reginald son of Peter” name “John his son aged 30 and more [...aged 28] is his next heir...Joan his wife who survives him[467].  Edward I King of England granted, 15 Dec 1290, "letters to Joan de Vivonia, going beyond the seas, nominating Henry de Somery and Roger de Essex her attorneys for one year"[468], which suggests that her second husband had died and that Jeanne had subsequently settled in England.  Edward I King of England granted, 4 Jul 1300, a licence for "Joan, late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant the manor of Chuyton to "Peter son of Reginald"[469].  Edward I King of England granted, 4 Jul 1300, a licence for "Joan, late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant the manor of Chuyton ("being her share of the inheritance of William de Fortibus") to "Peter son of Reginald"[470].  Her parentage and third marriage are confirmed by, firstly, a  licence granted by the sheriff of Bedford 10 Jun 1304 for "Joan, late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant part of the manor of Luyton "being her purparty of the inheritance of Matilda de Kyme her mother" to "Reginald son of Peter", and a licence granted by the sheriff of Somerset 20 Jun 1304 for "Joan, late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant part of the manor of Midsummer Norton "her purparty of the inheritance of William de Fortibus her father" to "Reginald son of Reginald"[471].  A licence dated 1 Oct 1310 permitted "Joan de Vivonia" to grant parts of the manor of Oarbry, Ireland to "Reginald son of Reginald"[472]

Reynold & his first wife had four children: 

1.         ALICE (-after 1305).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Alicia filia Reginaldi filii Petri" as the wife of “Johannem [de sancto Johanne][473]m (before 29 Jun 1256) JOHN de St John, son of ROBERT de St John & his wife Agnes de Cantelou (-[20/29] Sep 1301). 

2.         ELEANOR (-after Jan 1283)m firstly JOHN de Mohun, son of JOHN de Mohun & his wife Joan de Ferrers of the Earls of Derby (-11 Jun 1279).  m secondly WILLIAM Martin Lord Martin, son of ---. 

3.         JOHN FitzReynold ([1255/58]-before 10 Feb 1310).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 5 May "14 Edw I" following the death 5 May of "Reginald son of Peter” name “John his son aged 30 and more [...aged 28] is his next heir...Joan his wife who survives him[474].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzReynold.  m AGNES, daughter of --- (-after 7 Nov 1312). 

-        LORDS FITZREYNOLD[475]

4.         WALTER FitzReynold (-1278 or after).  According to Eyton, he was named as "Portioner of Pontesbury" in [1277/78], but the primary source which confirms this information has not yet been identified[476]

Reynold & his second wife had four children: 

5.         PETER FitzReynold (-before 20 Sep 1326).  A licence dated 18 Jul 1301, in consideration of a fine made by Peter son of Reginald, permitted "Joan late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant the manor of Chuyton to "Master James de Mohun", except the hamlet of Midsummer Norton retained by Joan for life, with remainders to "the said Peter, Reginald son of Reginald, and William son of Reginald, his brothers, with reversion to the next heirs of Joan"[477].  A pardon was issued 12 Feb 1330 to "William de Bathon, clerk and John de Bathon" for acquiring land in Pridie and Chiweton from "Peter son of Reginald"[478].  According to Eyton, he was "reputed ancestor of the Fitzherbert family and of the earls of Pembroke", but the primary sources which confirm this information have not yet been identified[479]

6.         REYNOLD FitzReynold (-[1 Oct 1310/20 Jan 1314]).  A licence dated 18 Jul 1301, in consideration of a fine made by Peter son of Reginald, permitted "Joan late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant the manor of Chuyton to "Master James de Mohun", except the hamlet of Midsummer Norton retained by Joan for life, with remainders to "the said Peter, Reginald son of Reginald, and William son of Reginald, his brothers, with reversion to the next heirs of Joan"[480].  A licence dated 3 Dec 1308 permitted "Aymer de Archiaco" to grant parts of the manors of Wolveton, Dorset, Midsummer Norton, Somerset, and Luton, Bedfordshire to "Joan de Vivonia and Reginald her son for their lives, with remainder to the latter’s son John"[481].  A licence dated 1 Oct 1310 permitted "Joan de Vivonia" to grant parts of the manor of Oarbry, Ireland to "Reginald son of Reginald"[482]m ---.  The name of Reynold’s wife is not known.  Reynold & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOHN de Vivonne ([before 1295]-[20 Jan 1314/1 Jul 1315]).  A licence dated 3 Dec 1308 permitted "Aymer de Archiaco" to grant parts of the manors of Wolveton, Dorset, Midsummer Norton, Somerset, and Luton, Bedfordshire to "Joan de Vivonia and Reginald her son for their lives, with remainder to the latter’s son John"[483].  A pardon was issued 20 Jan 1314 to "Hervey de Slaunton" for acquiring the manor of Littelhaghe, Suffolk from "John de Vivonia"[484]m as her first husband, MARGERY, daughter of ---.  A licence was granted 1 Jul 1315 for "Margery, late the wife of John de Vivonia" to marry whomsoever she will[485]

7.         WILLIAM FitzReynold .  A licence dated 18 Jul 1301, in consideration of a fine made by Peter son of Reginald, permitted "Joan late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant the manor of Chuyton to "Master James de Mohun", except the hamlet of Midsummer Norton retained by Joan for life, with remainders to "the said Peter, Reginald son of Reginald, and William son of Reginald, his brothers, with reversion to the next heirs of Joan"[486]

8.         BEATRICE FitzReynold (-after [1326]).  "Beatrice de Vyvoyne of Winchester" petitioned the king [1326] to receive rent from "Hugh Poyns" for land in Chewton, Somerset, the right to which was granted to her by her mother "Joan de Vivoyne", and which was then in the king’s hands "by the minority of the heir" (from the context the heir of "Piers Fitz Renaud son and heir of Joan de Vyvonne")[487]

 

 

 

 

FAUCOMBERGE

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Faucomberge of Rise and Catfoss m as her second husband, AGNES Lady of Appleton, widow of HERBERT de Saint Quintin, daughter of OSBERN de Arches & his wife ---.  “Agnes de Archis” donated property to Chilling, for the salvation of the soul of “domini mei Herberti de Sancto Quintino” and for the souls of “Walteri et Alani filiorum meorum”, by undated charter[488].  She married thirdly William Foliot.  "Domino Petro de Falcumberga, Andrea fratre eius, Willelmo Foliot…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Everardus de Wichie" quitclaimed rights in Catwick church to Pontefact St John[489].  William Archbishop of York confirmed donations to Chilling, at the request of “Agnetis matris Petri de Falcamberge et filiorum suorum Willielmi et Hugonis Foliot”, by undated charter[490].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

a)         PIERS [I] de Faucomberge (-after [Jan 1155]).  "Domino Petro de Falcumberga, Andrea fratre eius, Willelmo Foliot…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Everardus de Wichie" quitclaimed rights in Catwick church to Pontefact St John[491].  "Petrus de Falkebergia" donated "medietatem meam ecclesie sanct Michaelis de Catthevic" to Pontefact St John, for the souls of "uxoris mee Beatricis et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Walteri, Stephani", by undated charter (dated to [Jan 1155])[492]m BEATRICE, daughter of --- (-after [Jan 1155]).  "Petrus de Falkebergia" donated "medietatem meam ecclesie sanct Michaelis de Catthevic" to Pontefact St John, for the souls of "uxoris mee Beatricis et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Walteri, Stephani", by undated charter (dated to [Jan 1155])[493].  Piers [I] & his wife had five children: 

i)          WILLIAM de Faucomberge .  "Petrus de Falkebergia" donated "medietatem meam ecclesie sanct Michaelis de Catthevic" to Pontefact St John, for the souls of "uxoris mee Beatricis et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Walteri, Stephani", by undated charter (dated to [Jan 1155])[494]

ii)         WALTER [I] de Faucomberge of Rise, Withernwick, Catwick .  "Petrus de Falkebergia" donated "medietatem meam ecclesie sanct Michaelis de Catthevic" to Pontefact St John, for the souls of "uxoris mee Beatricis et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Walteri, Stephani", by undated charter (dated to [Jan 1155])[495]

-         see below

iii)        STEPHEN de Faucomberge .  "Petrus de Falkebergia" donated "medietatem meam ecclesie sanct Michaelis de Catthevic" to Pontefact St John, for the souls of "uxoris mee Beatricis et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Walteri, Stephani", by undated charter (dated to [Jan 1155])[496].  "Waltero de Faukeberga, Stephano et Roberto fratribus suis…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Radulfus de Withic" confirmed the donation of half Catwick church to Pontefact St John[497].  "Walterus de Falkebergia" confirmed the donation of "ecclesie de Catthwic" to Pontefact St John, made by "pater meus" for the souls of "sue et uxoris sue Beatricis matris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "Stephano de Falkeberga et Roberto fratre suo, Amando filio Willelmi…"[498]

iv)       ROBERT de Faucomberge .  "Waltero de Faukeberga, Stephano et Roberto fratribus suis…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Radulfus de Withic" confirmed the donation of half Catwick church to Pontefact St John[499].  "Walterus de Falkebergia" confirmed the donation of "ecclesie de Catthwic" to Pontefact St John, made by "pater meus" for the souls of "sue et uxoris sue Beatricis matris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "Stephano de Falkeberga et Roberto fratre suo, Amando filio Willelmi…"[500]

v)        EUSTACHE de Faucomberge .  "Petrus de Falkebergia" confirmed the donation of "ecclesia de Cattewic" to Pontefact St John, and relinquished claims made by "dominum Eustachium de Falkebergia avunculum meum", by undated charter[501]

b)         ANDREW .  "Domino Petro de Falcumberga, Andrea fratre eius, Willelmo Foliot…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Everardus de Wichie" quitclaimed rights in Catwick church to Pontefact St John[502]

 

 

WALTER [I] de Faucomberge of Rise, Withernwick, Catwick, son of PIERS [I] de Faucomberge & his wife Beatrice --- .  "Petrus de Falkebergia" donated "medietatem meam ecclesie sanct Michaelis de Catthevic" to Pontefact St John, for the souls of "uxoris mee Beatricis et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Walteri, Stephani", by undated charter (dated to [Jan 1155])[503].  "Waltero de Faukeberga, Stephano et Roberto fratribus suis…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Radulfus de Withic" confirmed the donation of half Catwick church to Pontefact St John[504].  "Walterus de Falkebergia" confirmed the donation of "ecclesie de Catthwic" to Pontefact St John, made by "pater meus" for the souls of "sue et uxoris sue Beatricis matris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "Stephano de Falkeberga et Roberto fratre suo, Amando filio Willelmi…"[505]

m AGNES, daughter of SIMON FitzSimon & his wife --- (-bur Bullington Priory). 

Walter [I] & his wife had one child: 

1.         PIERS [II] de Faucomberge (-after Apr 1230).  "Petrus de Falkebergia" confirmed the donation of "ecclesia de Cattewic" to Pontefact St John, and relinquished claims made by "dominum Eustachium de Falkebergia avunculum meum", by undated charter[506]m firstly as her second husband, MARGERY de Montfichet, widow of HUGH de Bolebec, daughter of RICHARD de Montfichet & his wife Millicent ---.  An undated writ "52 Hen III", after the death of "Richard de Muntfichet", records that "he had 3 sisters, Margery, Avelina and Philippa, from Margery issued Hugh de Bolebek"[507].  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother", names as heirs of "Richard de Munfichet…his three sisters, the first sister Margery married Hugh de Bulebec, and from them issued Hugh de Bulebec who had four daughters, Philippa married to Roger de Lancastre, Margery married to Nicholas Corbet, Alice married to Walter de Huntercumbe, and Maud married to Hugh de la Valle…"[508]m secondly ELLEN, daughter of ---.  Piers [II] & his first wife had one child: 

a)         WALTER [II] de Faucomberge of Rise and Withernwick in Holderness (-Rise 1/2 Nov 1304, bur Priory of Nunkeeling).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord Faucomberge.  The manuscript history of the founders of Gisburne Priory records that “dominus Walterus Fauconberg” died “apud Ryse in Holdyrnes 1304” and was buried “apud Kylyng in Holdyrnes[509].  The obituary of Gisburne priory records the death “Kal Nov” of "Walteri Fauconberge"[510]m AGNES de Brus, daughter of PETER [III] de Brus & his wife Hawise of Kendal (-23 May 1286, bur Gisburne Priory).  A manuscript narrating the family of “Willielmi de Lancastra” names “Petrum juniorem, Agnetem, Luciam, Margaretam et Laderinam” as the children of “Petrus le Brus senior” and his wife “Helewisam”, adding that Agnes married “Waltero de Fawkunbergh[511].  Co-heiress of her brother[512].  The manuscript history of the founders of Gisburne Priory records that Agnes married “dominus Walterus Fauconberg, dominus de Ryse in Holdyrnes”, inherited “castrum de Skelton, Hersk, Uplythum, Westyby et Estburne”, predeceased her husband “1286 in vigilia ascensionis Domini”, and was buried at Gisburne Priory, adding the names of their children and descendants[513]

-        LORDS FAUCOMBERGE[514]

 

 

 

 

FERRERS

 

 

 

WALKELIN de Ferrières, son of --- (-killed in battle [1035/45]).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Hugo de Monteforti filius Tustini” and “Walchelino de Ferrariis” [a later passage names him “Henricus de Ferrariis”] fought and killed each other, dated to the early part of the reign of Guillaume II Duke of Normandy from the context of the passage[515]

m ---.  The name of Walkelin's wife is not known. 

Walkelin & his wife had one child: 

1.         HENRI de Ferrières (-[before 14 Sep] 1101, bur Tutbury).  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, names "Henry seigneur de Ferrières" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[516].  Orderic Vitalis records that the king granted “castrum Stutesburie quod Hugo de Abrincis prius tenuerat” to “Henrico Gualchelini de Ferrariis filio[517].  Sire de Ferrières et de Chambrais, Normandy.  King William I awarded him over 200 lordships, half in Derbyshire, together with the castle of Tutbury, Staffordshire (previously held by Hugues d'Avranches) which became his main seat[518].  “…Henrici de Ferrariis…” witnessed the charter dated 1082 under which William I King of England granted land at Covenham to the church of St Calais[519].  “Henricus de Ferrariis” founded a church “apud castellum meum Tuttesbury”, for the souls of “…uxoris mee Berte et filiorum meorum Engenulphi W, Roberti ac filiarum mearum…[520].  Domesday Book records land held by “Henry de Ferrers”, including in Nakedthorn and Sutton Hundreds, in Berkshire; several properties in Buckinghamshire; Lechlade in Gloucestershire; numerous properties in Leicestershire; numerous properties in Derbyshire[521]m BERTA, daughter of ---.  “Henricus de Ferrariis” founded a church “apud castellum meum Tuttesbury”, for the souls of “…uxoris mee Berte et filiorum meorum Engenulphi W, Roberti ac filiarum mearum…[522].  Domesday Descendants speculates that she was a member of the Laigle family based on the couple naming one of their sons Ingenulf[523], although it is not clear that this family used this name exclusively.  Henri & his wife had four children: 

a)         INGENULF [Guillaume] de Ferrers (-after 14 Sep 1101).  “Henricus de Ferrariis” founded a church “apud castellum meum Tuttesbury”, for the souls of “…uxoris mee Berte et filiorum meorum Engenulphi W, Roberti ac filiarum mearum…[524]

-        see below

b)         ROBERT Ferrers (-1139).  “Henricus de Ferrariis” founded a church “apud castellum meum Tuttesbury”, for the souls of “…uxoris mee Berte et filiorum meorum Engenulphi W, Roberti ac filiarum mearum…[525].  He succeeded his father in 1101 in the greater part of his English possessions.  “Robertus comes de Ferrariis” donated property to Tutbury Priory by undated charter after succeeding “in hereditatem bonæ memoriæ Henrici patris mei[526].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt de Ferrar" in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire in respect of "Werchesworda"[527].  He was created Earl of Derby in 1138. 

-        EARLS of DERBY

c)         AMICE de Ferrers (-6 Sep ----[528]).  “Robertus comes junior de Ferariis” confirmed donations to Tutbury by “avus meus Henricus…Egenulfus patruus meus…Robertus pater meus”, naming “Nigellus de Albiniaco et Amicia filia avi mei[529]m NIGEL de Albini of Cainhoe, son of GUILLAUME Seigneur d'Aubigny & his wife --- (-[1100]). 

d)         daughter(s) .  The fact that Henri had more than one daughter is shown by the charter under which “Henricus de Ferrariis” founded a church “apud castellum meum Tuttesbury”, for the souls of “…uxoris mee Berte et filiorum meorum Engenulphi W, Roberti ac filiarum mearum…[530]

 

 

INGENULF [Guillaume] de Ferrers, son of HENRI de Ferrières & his wife Berta --- (-after 14 Sep 1101).  “Henricus de Ferrariis” founded a church “apud castellum meum Tuttesbury”, for the souls of “…uxoris mee Berte et filiorum meorum Engenulphi W, Roberti ac filiarum mearum…[531].  "…Guillaume de Ferrières…" witnessed the undated charter under which Robert III Duke of Normandy donated property to Saint-Etienne de Caen[532].  "…Engennulfi de Ferr…" subscribed a charter dated 14 Sep 1101 under which Henry I King of England donated property to Bath St Peter[533]

m ---.  The name of Ingenulf's wife is not known. 

Ingenulf & his wife had one child: 

1.         [HENRY de Ferrers (-after 1136).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Domesday Descendants comments that he was "probably son of Ingenulf…since [he] is frequently remembered in the Ferrers confirmations for Tutbury"[534], implying that no proof of his parentage exists.  The corresponding charters have not been identified in the selection of Tutbury charters included in Dugdale’s Monasticon[535].  The Complete Peerage cites a manuscript transcript of the Tutbury cartulary but this has not been consulted[536].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Henr de Ferrar" in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire[537].  He held land at Lechlade, Gloucestershire and Oakham, Rutland[538].]  m ---.  The name of Henry's wife is not known.  Henry & his wife had one child:

a)         WALKELIN [Walchelin] de Ferrers (-after [1182/89]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Wakelinus de Ferariis" with 5 knights and 42 knights in his own service[539].  "…Walchelino de Ferrariis…" subscribed the charter dated to [1182/89] under which Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Barbery[540]m ---.  The name of Walkelin's wife is not known.  Walkelin & his wife had three children:

i)          HENRI de Ferrers (-after 1202).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Henricus de Ferrariis" paying "iv xx xii l [=92?] xv s viii d" in Devonshire[541].  Seigneur de Chambrais 1202.  He was ancestor of the Seigneurs de Ferrières et de Chambrais in Normandy, extinct in the male line in 1504[542]

ii)         HUGH de Ferrers of Lechlade (-1204).  "Ysabell de Mortuomar" paid a fine for "seisina manerioris de Lichelad et de Langebg q fuerunt Hug de Ferr fratris sui de dono Walkeln patris eorum" in Gloucestershire, dated 1204[543]m (1197 or after) as her first husband, MARGERY de Say, daughter and heiress of HUGH [II] de Say of Richard's Castle & his wife Mabel --- ([1190/96]-1230).  She married secondly Robert de Mortimer.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166 (but added later), record that "Robertus de Mortuo mari" held 23 knights’ fees "in honore Castelli Ricardi" with "filia Hugonis de Say hærede Osberti filii Hugonis" in Herefordshire[544].  She married thirdly (Royal licence 23 Nov 1219) William de Stuteville.  Henry III King of England consented to the marriage of "Margaretam que fuit uxor Roberti de Mortuo Mari" and "Willelmus de Stutevill" dated 23 Nov 1219[545]

iii)        ISABEL de Ferrers (-before 29 Apr 1252, bur Lechlade).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Wigmore Abbey records that “Isabella…filia domini de Ferrers de Lechlade” was the second wife of “domini Rogeri”, adding that she became a nun “apud Lechelade” and was buried there[546].  “Rogerus de Mortuomari…et dominæ Isabellæ uxoris meæ” donated property to Kington St Michael by undated charter, witnessed by “Philippo de Mortuomari…[547].  She inherited Lechlade and Oakham, lost by her older brother when Normandy was conquered by the French in 1204[548].  "Ysabell de Mortuomar" paid a fine for "seisina manerioris de Lichelad et de Langebg q fuerunt Hug de Ferr fratris sui de dono Walkeln patris eorum" in Gloucestershire, dated 1204[549].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Gloucestershire, dated to [1211/13]: "Rogerus de Mortuo Mari" held "Lechelad et Langeleg de hereditate uxoris sue"[550].  An order dated [Apr] 1225 delayed repayment from "Peter fitz Herbert and Isabella his wife" of a "debt of Henry de Ferrers brother of the same Isabella"[551].  "Dominum Willelmum de Bello Campo, vicecomitem Wygorn et Isabellam uxorem eius" granted "totam terram suam…in Uplodecoumbe" to "dominam Isabellam de Mortuo Mare" by charter dated [24 Jun 1250], witnessed by "…domino Jacobo de Bello Campo…"[552]m firstly [as his second wife,] ROGER [III] de Mortimer, son of HUGH [II] de Mortimer & his wife Matilda de Rumilly (-before 19 Aug 1214, bur Wigmore).  m secondly as his second wife, PIERS FitzHerbert of Blaen Llyfni, son of HERBERT FitzHerbert & his wife Lucy of Hereford (-1 Jul 1235, bur Reading). 

 

 

 

 

FITZERNEIS

 

 

Vautier suggests that part of the seigneurie de Fontenay was transferred to the FitzErneis family from the Marmion family with the marriage of Gersende Marmion, daughter of Robert Marmion [I], to Robert [II] FitzErneis[553]

 

 

ROBERT [I] FitzErneis, son of ERNEIS [Taisson] & his wife --- (-killed in battle Hastings 17 Oct 1066).  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, records that King Harold II was killed at Hastings by "un chevalier…Robert fils Herveis"[554].  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which quotes the donation by "Robertus pater meus" for the soul of "uxoris suæ Hacintæ" and comments that "patre meo in Anglia occiso"[555]

m [HACINTA, daughter of ---.  She is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which quotes the donation by "Robertus pater meus" for the soul of "uxoris suæ Hacintæ"[556].  However, the apparent clarity of this statement is confused by an earlier passage which records the original donation by "Robertus filius Erneisi, filii Radulphi Andegavensis et Alpaidis…et filius Hacintæ sororis antiqui Fulconis de Alnon".  The latter text refers to Robert [I] FitzErneis.  The strict conclusion from the two passages is that both Erneis and his son Robert [I] FitzErneis were married to persons named Hacinta.  However, this appears to be a strange coincidence.  It is possible that there is some confusion in the wording of the charter and that only either Erneis or Robert [I] was married to a wife named Hacinta.] 

Robert [I] & his wife had one child: 

1.         ROBERT [II] FitzErneis (-after 1091).  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which quotes the donation by "Robertus…et Gersendis uxor mea filia Roberti Marmionis"[557].  Vaultier dates this donation quoted in the charter to after 1087[558].  "…Rotberti de Belmont, Rodulfi de Bec, Willelmi filii Girardi, Rogerii fratris Rodulfi, Gisleberti Crispini, Rotberti filii Alvuardi, Rotberti Marmion, Rodulfi Taisson, Rotberti Herneis, Ricardi de Baiocas…" witnessed the donation of "decimam Ansfredi Villæ" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen by "Gernagois et Albereda uxor eius, cum filiis suis Willelmo et Rotberto" by charter dated 1091[559]m ([before 1087]) GERSENDE Marmion, daughter of ROBERT [I] Marmion & his wife Hawise ---.  She is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which quotes the donation by "Robertus…et Gersendis uxor mea filia Roberti Marmionis"[560].  Robert [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         ROBERT [III] FitzErneis ([1080/1100]-killed in battle Audrieu).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt fil Ernuceon" in London[561].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of Savigny abbey, including the donation by "Roberti filii Ernesii" of "terram de Basenvilla", by charter dated to [1156/58][562].  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which records the donation by "Roberti filii Erneisi tertii, qui occisus fuit apud Audreium"[563].  [Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Barbery, including donations by "Roberti filii Erneis, nepotis Willelmi de Curceio", by charter dated to [1182/89][564].  It has not yet been ascertained which of the Robert FitzErneis was related to Guillaume de Courcy (either Guillaume [I] or Guillaume [II], see above), presumably through his mother assuming that "nepotis" can be interpreted as nephew or grandson in this document.]  m ADELICIA, daughter of ---.  A charter dated 1217, under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by his predecessors (expanded version), records that "avus meus Robertus filius Erneisi quartus" donated property for the soul of "matris suæ Adeliciæ"[565].  Robert [III] & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT [IV] Fitz Erneis ([1110/20]-).  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which records the donation by "Roberti filii Erneisi tertii, qui occisus fuit apud Audreium" and by "avus meus Robertus filius Erneisi quartus"[566].  The document does not specify that Robert [IV] was the son of Robert [III], but the point is clarified in another expanded version of the same charter dated 1217 which in addition records the donations by "Roberti filii Erneisi tertii" and immediately afterwards by "avus meus Robertus filius Erneisi quartus" for the soul of "eiusdem patris sui"[567]

-         see below.   

b)         [WARNER [FitzErneis] (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Warner fil Ern" in Dorsetshire, Wiltshire (three entries)[568].] 

 

 

1.         ADAM FitzErneis (-after [1150/60]).  "…Adam filio Ernis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150/60] under which "Gillebertus de Nouila" donated land in Great Sturton to Kirkstead abbey[569]

 

2.         ROGER FitzErneis .  "…Rogero filio Ernisii…" witnessed the charter dated to the reign of King Henry II under which "Bertram de Verdum" granted land at Long Whatton, Leicestershire to "Wauchelino filio Baldewini et Aeliz uxori sue", which was held by "mater uxoris predicti Walchelini" during the reign of King Henry I[570]

 

 

ROBERT [IV] Fitz Erneis, son of ROBERT [III] FitzErneis & his wife Adelicia --- ([1110/20]-).  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which records the donation by "Roberti filii Erneisi tertii, qui occisus fuit apud Audreium" and by "avus meus Robertus filius Erneisi quartus"[571].  The document does not specify that Robert [IV] was the son of Robert [III], but the point is clarified in another expanded version of the same charter dated 1217 which in addition records the donations by "Roberti filii Erneisi tertii" and immediately afterwards by "avus meus Robertus filius Erneisi quartus" for the soul of "eiusdem patris sui"[572]

m ROHESE de Courcy, daughter of ---.  She is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which records the donation by "patris meæ laudabilis memoriæ Roberti filii Erneisi quinti" of "in territorio de Barnevilla acram sancti Richerii et in territorio de Fontaneto" for the soul of "matris suæ Rohasiæ de Corceio"[573].  Her precise relationship to the Courcy family has not yet been ascertained. 

Robert [IV] & his wife had two children:    

1.         ROBERT [V] FitzErneis ([1135/45]-).  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which records the donation by "Roberti filii Erneisi tertii, qui occisus fuit apud Audreium" and by "patris meæ laudabilis memoriæ Roberti filii Erneisi quinti" of "in territorio de Barnevilla acram sancti Richerii et in territorio de Fontaneto" for the soul of "matris suæ Rohasiæ de Corceio"[574]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert [V] & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROBERT [VI] FitzErneis ([1160/70]-before [1220]).  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Robertus f Ærnisi…pro habenda terra que fuit Eudonis f Ærnisi avunculi sui cuius heres ipse est" in Essex & Hertfordshire[575].  "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo" by charter dated 1217[576]m ([1180/90]) HELIE [Ela] d'Alençon, daughter of JEAN [I] Comte d'Alençon & his wife Beatrix de Maine [Anjou] (-after May 1233).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by three charters read together.  “Hemericus vicecomes Castri-Eraudi, Ala uxor quondam Roberti filii Ernesii, et Robertus Malet" relinquished "castrum de Esseio" in return for "terram et redditus apud Escocheium" by charter dated to [1220][577].  The family relationship between the three participants is explained in another charter dated to [1220] which records that “Hemerico vicecomiti Castri-Eraudi, Alæ uxori Roberti Ernesii et Roberto Malet, Roberti comitis Alenconii heredibus" assigned property for "castri de Esseio"[578].  “Hemericus vicecomes Castri-Eraudi et Hela soror Roberti quondam comitis de Alencon et Robertus Malet" relinquished "forestam…Escoves et hayam de Ferraria et forestam de Chaumont et forestam de Ruppe-Heolydis, usque in Sarton…de dominio de Alenconio" by charter dated Jan 1220 (probably O.S.)[579]

b)         PHILIPPINE .  Vaultier records that "Philippine Fitz Erneiz, sœur et unique héritière de Robert VI" married "Philippe de Tournebu" in [1190][580]m ([1190]) PHILIPPE de Tournebu, son of ---. 

2.         EUDES FitzErneis (-before 1195).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Eudo filius Ernisi" held one knight’s fee from "Willelmi filii Alani" in Shropshire[581].  “Eudo filius Ernius et uxor mea Felitia filia Nicholai de Lunda” confirmed the donation of “ecclesiam de Croismara” to Jumièges made by “Guillelmus de Vuatevilla proavus uxoris mee” by charter dated to [1170][582].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Eudo filius Ernisii" with "servitium corporis sui" and two knights and parts in his own service[583].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "honor Piperelli de Londonia" paying "li milites et vi pars…in diversis comitatibus", of which "in perdonis…Eudoni filio Ernisii, xx s", in Essex, Hertfordshire[584].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Robertus f Ærnisi…pro habenda terra que fuit Eudonis f Ærnisi avunculi sui cuius heres ipse est" in Essex & Hertfordshire[585]m FELICE, daughter of NICHOLAS de la Londe & his wife ---.  “Eudo filius Ernius et uxor mea Felitia filia Nicholai de Lunda” confirmed the donation of “ecclesiam de Croismara” to Jumièges made by “Guillelmus de Vuatevilla proavus uxoris mee” by charter dated to [1170][586]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM FitzErneis (-1178).  The 1169/70 Pipe Roll records "Wills fil Ernisi" owing ".c. s p recto de tra aui sui, p pleg Thome fil Rob" in Yorkshire[587].  A charter dated 1217, under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by his predecessors (expanded version), confirms the donation of "supra Bellum-montem…septem acras terræ" made by "Willelmi de Villariis" for the soul of "Willelmi filii Erneisi"[588]m as her first husband, NICOLE de la Haye, daughter of RICHARD de la Haye & his wife Mathilde [de Vernon] (-Nov 1230).  She married secondly Gerard de Camville.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         daughter .  Her parentage is confirmed by the order dated 1200 under which "Rob de Meisy" paid a fine to marry "filia filie Nicolæ ux Gerarld de Canvill" who was in "custodia Willelmus de Bretvill" in Norfolk[589]m ---.  One child: 

i)          daughter .  "Rob de Meisy" paid a fine to marry "filia filie Nicolæ ux Gerarld de Canvill" who was in "custodia Willelmus de Bretvill" in Norfolk, dated 1200[590]m ROBERT de Meisy, daughter of ---. 

 

 

1.         OLIVER FitzErneis (-before 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that "Willelmus Longa Spada" granted knights’ fees in Essex, Hertfordshire to "Olyvero filio Ernisii", and after the death of the latter to "Eudo filius Ernisii mediatem Eudoni Patric", in [1210/12][591].  A charter dated 1217, under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by his predecessors (expanded version), confirms the donation of "in Anglia medietatem molendini de Hasfoiff" made by "Oliveri filii Erneisi"[592]

 

2.         EUDES FitzErneis (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that "Willelmus Longa Spada" granted knights’ fees in Essex, Hertfordshire to "Olyvero filio Ernisii", and after the death of the latter to "Eudo filius Ernisii mediatem Eudoni Patric", in [1210/12][593]

 

3.         RICHARD FitzErrneis .  "Ricardus filius Ernisii" donated land in Gloucester to Gloucester St Peter, with the consent of "Mabiliæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[594]m MABILE, daughter of ---.  "Ricardus filius Ernisii" donated land in Gloucester to Gloucester St Peter, with the consent of "Mabiliæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[595]

 

 

 

 

FITZGEROLD

 

 

1.         ROBERT FitzGerold (-after Dec 1141).  Domesday Book records land held by “Robert FitzGerald” in Oakley, Malshanger in Chuteley Hundred, Copnor in Portsdown Hundred, South Tidworth, Shipton Bellinger and Bossington in Broughton Hundred, South Tidworth in Andover Hundred, Sutton Scotney in Barton Hundred, Great Funtley in Titchfield Hundred, and Fordingbridge in Fordingbridge Hundred, in Hampshire, Brimpton in Thatcham Hundred and Inglewood in Kintbury Hundred in Berkshire, his land-holdings in Dorset[596].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt fil Gerardi" in Wiltshire[597].  King Stephen confirmed properties of Geoffrey Earl of Essex, including "…servicium Rob[erti] fil[ii] Gerold[i] pro xi militibus et servicium Rad[ulphi] fil[ii] Geroldi pro i milite…", by charter dated Christmas 1141[598]m ALICE, daughter of ---.  Dugdale summarises donations to Southwark priory, including the confirmation of the donation of “lands of Waleton” made by "Amicia de Tregoz, daughter of Robert Fitzgerald and Alice his wife, sister of Alexander, and wife first of Philip de Leyburn and then of John de Tregoz" and confirmed by "Robert de Leyborn [her son]"[599].  Robert & his wife had seven children (the order of birth of these children is uncertain): 

a)         WARIN FitzGerold (-1158).  Henry Duke of Normandy restored property to "Rodberto filio comitis Legrec…Rodberti comitis" held by "patris sui…sicut comes Rodbertus de Mellend avus suus…Willelmus de Britolio", and granted him the property of "Willelmus de Pasci in Anglia et in Normannia" by charter dated to [Jan/Aug] 1153, witnessed by "…Guarino filio Geraldi, Henrico duo fratre…"[600].  "…Guarino filio Geraldi, Henrico duo fratre…" witnessed the charter dated [Jan/Aug] 1153 under which Henry Duke of Normandy restored property to "Rodberto filio comitis Legrec…Rodberti comitis"[601].  “Robertus filius Sueni” donated "ecclesiam de Pritelwell" to Lewes priory, for the souls of "…aviæ meæ Beatricis", witnessed by "…Warino filio Geroldi…", recorded in a manuscript which recounts the founding of Prittlewell[602].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that King Henry II granted "honorem Eudonis Dapiferi" in Essex to "Warinus frater meus" in the certification by "Henricus filius Geroldi Camerarii", dated 1166[603]m as her first husband, ---, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her two marriages has not yet been identified.   She married secondly as his second wife, Geoffrey de Vere

b)         HENRY FitzGerold (-[1174/75]).  "…Guarino filio Geraldi, Henrico duo fratre…" witnessed the charter dated [Jan/Aug] 1153 under which Henry Duke of Normandy restored property to "Rodberto filio comitis Legrec…Rodberti comitis"[604].  Dugdale summarises donations to Southwark priory, including the donation of “Kingston Lisle” made by "Henry Fitzgerald, younger brother of Warin"[605].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name "Henricus filius Geroldi tenet Ecclesse meum manerium" among those providing knights for military service with "Walteri de Meduana" in Kent[606].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that King Henry II granted "honorem Eudonis Dapiferi" in Essex to "Warinus frater meus" in the certification by "Henricus filius Geroldi Camerarii", and lists among his knights "Ricardus filius Geroldi, i militem de Flectone…Alexander filius Geroldi i militem in Spereholt, Hugo filius Geroldi i militem in eadem villa…", dated 1166[607].  "Henricus filius Ger[oldi] Henrici regis camerarius" confirmed the donation of land "in Chedelintona" made to Eynsham abbey by "Ricardus filius Ger[oldi] frater meus" by charter dated to [1160/70][608].  “Henricus filius Geroldi camerarius regis” records that “Garinus filius Geroldi frater meus” before he died donated terram...in manerio de Suthune...” to Rochester by undated charter[609]m (before 1167) MATILDA de Chesney, daughter of --- (-before 1198).  Henry FitzGerold donated land in Sawbridgeworth, Herts to Reading abbey, naming "M. de Caisne uxori mee", by undated charter[610]Domesday Descendants says that she was heiress of William Chesney of Oxfordshire[611].  "Mathildis de Chaisnei" donated her part in "molendini de Clifton" to Eynsham abbey by charter dated to [1173/89][612].  "Mathildis de Cheisnei" donated "unam hidam terre in uilla de Haiforde", previously held by “Hamelinus frater Petri de Chaisnei”, to Eynsham abbey by charter dated to [1173/89][613].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 lists “Matillis de Kaineto”, with “ii filios; primogenitus est xviii annorum, alter xii” and “terra sua in Kameltone...vii libris annuatim[614].  Henry & his wife had two children: 

i)          WARIN FitzGerold ([1166/67]-after 14 Nov 1216).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 lists “Matillis de Kaineto”, with “ii filios; primogenitus est xviii annorum, alter xii” and “terra sua in Kameltone...vii libris annuatim[615].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Warinus filius Geroldi" paying "xl s, ii milites" in Kent and also in Essex, Hertfordshire[616].  "Guarinus son of Gerold chamberlain of the king of England" confirmed donations to Marmoutier made by “William junioris de Curceio” by charter dated to before 1206[617].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Garinus filius Geroldi" holding "Suvenhantone per serjanteriam Cameræ Regis et Crikelade" in Wiltshire, and i knight’s fee "de Harewode" in Yorkshire, in [1210/12][618].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Warinus filius Geroldi" held "Wtton…de baronia sua de Stok Curcy…in hundredo de Karenton" in Somerset[619].  m ALICE de Courcy, daughter of WILLIAM de Courcy & his wife Gundreda de Warenne.  Her family origin is confirmed by the undated charter under which her daughter “Margareta de Redeveris” donated revenue from "manerio meo de Newenham…unde eisdem teneor de testamento Aliciæ de Churci matris meæ" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s by undated charter[620].  Her parentage is indicated more precisely by an order dated 6 Dec 1224 which required the confiscation of "the vill of Newnham that Gundrea de Warenne held in dower, which is an inheritance partible between Joan wife of Hugh de Neville, and Margaret wife of Falkes de Bréauté", with savings for "the executors of the testament of the same Gundrea"[621].  "Aaliz de Curceio wife of Warin son of Gerold chamberlain of the king of England" confirmed donations to Marmoutier made by her father by charter dated to [1200][622].  Warin & his wife had two children: 

(a)       HENRY FitzWarin FitzGerold (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Henricus filius Gar[ini] filius Ger[oldi]" paying "liv l, liv milites" in Essex, Hertfordshire[623]

(b)       MARGARET (-before 29 Sep 1252, bur London, Church of the Grey Friars).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Ford Abbey records that “Baldwinum tertium”, son of ”Willielmum de Vernona”, married “Margareta filia et hærede Warini filii Geraldi[624].  The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records the marriage of "filiam…Guarini filii Giroldo", first betrothed to "Balduino filio Balduini comitis de Vecta insula", and "Falco [de Braute]"[625].  Henry III King of England granted "castrum de Plinton…de comitatu Devonie" to "Falkesie de Breaute et Margarete uxori sue" by way of "dotis ipsius Margarete…terra que fuit Baldewini filii ipsius comitis" dated [Mar] 1218[626].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Devon, dated 1219, which includes "Margeria que fuit uxor Baldewini filii comitis…maritata domino Falconi per Regem Johannem" holding "Colintun…in hundredo de Ha[rigg]"[627].  An order dated 6 Dec 1224 required the confiscation of "the vill of Newnham that Gundrea de Warenne held in dower, which is an inheritance partible between Joan wife of Hugh de Neville, and Margaret wife of Falkes de Bréauté", with savings for "the executors of the testament of the same Gundrea"[628].  "Margaret wife of Falkes de Bréauté" made a fine "for the debts that Falkes owed the king", dated 19 Feb 1225[629].  “Margareta de Redeveris” donated property to Clerkenwell priory, for the souls of “Baldewini filii mei primogeniti et aliorum puerorum meorum”, by undated charter which names “Aliciæ de Churci matris meæ[630].  This charter suggests that Margaret had children by her second marriage, although it is unclear why she did not use her second husband’s name in the document.  m firstly BALDWIN de Reviers, son of WILLIAM de Vernon [Reviers] Earl of Devon & his wife Mabile de Meulan (after 28 Apr 1200-1 Sep 1216).  m secondly (1216) FULK de Bréauté, son of ---.  "Falkes de Bréauté" owed a fine "for his relief of the lands formerly of Warin fitz Gerold, by reason of the daughter and heiress of Warin whom he has taken to wife", dated to [1217/18][631]

ii)         HENRY FitzGerold ([1173/74]-).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 lists “Matillis de Kaineto”, with “ii filios; primogenitus est xviii annorum, alter xii” and “terra sua in Kameltone...vii libris annuatim[632]The Complete Peerage shows “Henry FitzGerold d. circa 1231” as the younger son of Henry FitzGerold in a table[633]m ERMENTRUDE Talbot, daughter of ---.  The Complete Peerage shows “Ermentrude Talbot” as the wife of Henry FitzGerold in a table[634].  Henry & his wife had three children: 

(a)       WILLIAM FitzGerold .  “Henry fil Geroldi” granted land “in Mundeford” [Norfolk] to “Robert de Insula in marriage with Alice his daughter” by charter dated to the early years of the reign of King Henry III, witnessed by “...William fil Geroldi fil Henrici fil Geroldi[635]

(b)       WARIN FitzGerold .  “Gwarin fil Geroldi” confirmed a grant of land made by “his father Henry fil Geroldi” to “Symon fil Ricardi de Stivintun” by charter dated to the reign of King Henry III[636]

(c)       ALICE .  “Henry fil Geroldi” granted land “in Mundeford” [Norfolk] to “Robert de Insula in marriage with Alice his daughter” by charter dated to the early years of the reign of King Henry III, witnessed by “...William fil Geroldi fil Henrici fil Geroldi[637]m ROBERT de Lisle, son of ROBERT de Lisle & his wife Sarah de Aunus (-[1262]).  The Complete Peerage shows “Robert de Lisle d. ? 1262” as the son of “Robert de Insula” and “Sarah de Aunus” in a table, which also shows eleven generations of his descendants[638]

c)         ALEXANDER FitzGerold (-1178).  Dugdale summarises donations to Southwark priory, including the donation of “cheese at Badleking in the manor of Kingston Lisle in Berkshire” made by "Alexander Fitzgerald" and confirmed by "Alice de Rumeley, wife of Alexander"[639].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that King Henry II granted "honorem Eudonis Dapiferi" in Essex to "Warinus frater meus" in the certification by "Henricus filius Geroldi Camerarii", and lists among his knights "Ricardus filius Geroldi, i militem de Flectone…Alexander filius Geroldi i militem in Spereholt, Hugo filius Geroldi i militem in eadem villa…", dated 1166[640]m (before 1156) as her second husband, ALICE de Rumilly Lady of Skipton, widow of WILLIAM FitzDuncan, daughter of WILLIAM "le Meschin" Lord of Copeland & his wife Cecily de Rumilly Lady of Skipton.  A manuscript genealogy of William de Forz Comte d’Aumâle names “Aliciam de Rumeleya” as daughter of “Willielmus de Mechines primus hæres de Sciptun in Craven”, adding that she married “Willielmo filio Duncan” and was buried “apud Fontes[641].  A different version of her parentage is provided by the Cronicon Cumbriæ which records that “Willielmus”, son of “Doncani comes de Murrayse”, married “Aliciam filiam Roberti de Romeney, domini de Skipton in Craven” and his wife “filiam Willielmi de Meschinis domini de Coupland[642].  Lady of Skipton.  “Willielmus filius Dunecani nepos regis Scotiæ…et Aeliz de Rumeili uxor mea” confirmed donations of property to Bolton Priory by undated charter[643].  “Aaliz de Rumelli” donated property to Pontefract Priory, with the consent of “Willielmi filii mei”, for the soul of “domini mei Willielmi filii Dunecani”, by undated charter[644].  Dugdale summarises donations to Southwark priory, including the donation of “cheese at Badleking in the manor of Kingston Lisle in Berkshire” made by "Alexander Fitzgerald" and confirmed by "Alice de Rumeley, wife of Alexander"[645]

d)         RICHARD FitzGerold (-after 1166).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that King Henry II granted "honorem Eudonis Dapiferi" in Essex to "Warinus frater meus" in the certification by "Henricus filius Geroldi Camerarii", and lists among his knights "Ricardus filius Geroldi, i militem de Flectone…Alexander filius Geroldi i militem in Spereholt, Hugo filius Geroldi i militem in eadem villa…", dated 1166[646].  "Henricus filius Ger[oldi] Henrici regis camerarius" confirmed the donation of land "in Chedelintona" made to Eynsham abbey by "Ricardus filius Ger[oldi] frater meus" by charter dated to [1160/70][647]

e)         RALPH FitzGerold (-before 1180).  King Stephen confirmed properties of Geoffrey Earl of Essex, including "…servicium Rob[erti] fil[ii] Gerold[i] pro xi militibus et servicium Rad[ulphi] fil[ii] Geroldi pro i milite…", by charter dated Christmas 1141[648].  Domesday Descendants notes that Alexander FitzGerold donated property to Southwark priory for the soul of his brother Ralph[649]m MURIEL, daughter of ---.  Domesday Descendants notes that Ralph FitzGerold donated a mill at Toppesfield to the Hospitallers by charter dated to [1154], witnessed by his wife Muriel[650]

f)          HUGH FitzGerold (-after 1166).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that King Henry II granted "honorem Eudonis Dapiferi" in Essex to "Warinus frater meus" in the certification by "Henricus filius Geroldi Camerarii", and lists among his knights "Ricardus filius Geroldi, i militem de Flectone…Alexander filius Geroldi i militem in Spereholt, Hugo filius Geroldi i militem in eadem villa…", dated 1166[651].  The document does not specify that Hugh was the brother of Warin and Henry but this appears likely. 

g)         AMICE .  Dugdale summarises donations to Southwark priory, including the confirmation of the donation of “lands of Waleton” made by "Amicia de Tregoz, daughter of Robert Fitzgerald and Alice his wife, sister of Alexander, and wife first of Philip de Leyburn and then of John de Tregoz" and confirmed by "Robert de Leyborn [her son]"[652]m firstly PHILIP de Leyburn, son of ---.  m secondly JOHN de Tresgoz, son of --- (-[1194]). 

 

 

 

 

FITZREINFRID

 

 

1.         REINFRIDm ---.  The name of Reinfrid’s wife is not known.  Reinfrid & his wife had one child: 

a)         FULK FitzReinfridm ---.  The name of Fulk’s wife is not known.  Fulk & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT FitzFulk (-[1144/50]).  “Willelmus de Archis” granted land, held by “dominus R[obertus] Fulconis filius...in Hametona et in Chirchby”, to “domino Helye de Hou cognato meo”, with the consent of “domine Juete uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1140/47][653]m as her first husband, ALICE de Saint-Quintin, daughter of HERBERT de Saint-Quintin & his second wife Agnes de Arches.  “Adheliz de Sancto Quintino et Robertus filius et heres suus” donated property to the nuns of Appleton, for the soul of “Roberti filii Fulconis”, by charter dated to [1144/50], witnessed by “...Gilleberto filio Fulconis, Gilleberto de Archis...Agneta filia eiusdem domine de Sancto Quintino...[654].  She married secondly Eustache de Merck.  “Eustacius de Merc et Adheliz de Sancto Quintino sponsa mea” donated property to Appleton, with the consent of “heredibus nostris...Roberto et Willelmo”, by charter dated to [1163], witnessed by “...Willelmo filio Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Henrico nepote Eustacii...Agnete filia Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Willelmo fratre Eustacii[655].  “Eustachius de Merch” donated property to Covenham, with the consent of “Aeliz de Sancto Quintino uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1150/70], witnessed by “...Willelmo senescalda et Waltero fratre eius militibus...domina Aeliz de Sancto Quintino, Agnete, Dionisia, Sibilla filiabus eius, Agnete et Aeliz neptibus eius[656].  Robert & his wife had seven children: 

(1)       ROBERT FitzRobert .  “Adheliz de Sancto Quintino et Robertus filius et heres suus” donated property to the nuns of Appleton, for the soul of “Roberti filii Fulconis”, by charter dated to [1144/50], witnessed by “...Gilleberto filio Fulconis, Gilleberto de Archis...Agneta filia eiusdem domine de Sancto Quintino...[657].  Dapifer of William de Percy.  “Eustacius de Merc et Adheliz de Sancto Quintino sponsa mea” donated property to Appleton, with the consent of “heredibus nostris...Roberto et Willelmo”, by charter dated to [1163], witnessed by “...Willelmo filio Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Henrico nepote Eustacii...Agnete filia Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Willelmo fratre Eustacii[658].  An undated charter records donations to Appleton, including those made by “Roberti filii Roberti filii Fulconis et filie...Alicie in villa de Immingeham”, by “Roberti dapiferi et Roeisie comitisse uxoris sue ecclesiam de Northalkinton...[659]m ([1157/63][660]) as her second husband, ROHESE de Clare, widow of GILBERT de Gand Earl of Lincoln, daughter of RICHARD FitzGilbert de Clare & his wife Agnes [Alicia] of Chester.  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Gilbertus”, son of “Walterus”, married “Roesiam comitissam Lincolniæ”, adding that she married secondly "Roberto dapifero" by whom she was mother of "Roesia de Bulington nupta Simoni de Kyma"[661].  An undated charter records donations to Appleton, including those made by “Roberti filii Roberti filii Fulconis et filie...Alicie in villa de Immingeham”, by “Roberti dapiferi et Roeisie comitisse uxoris sue ecclesiam de Northalkinton...[662].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

(a)       MARGARET (-after 1189).  An undated charter records donations to Appleton, including those made by “Willelmi de Kima...in territorio de Eskinton...quas Robertus dapifer pater Margarete uxoris sue eis in obitu suo dimisit[663]m WILLIAM de Kyme, son of PHILIP de Kyme & his wife Hawise --- (-[1160/70]).

(b)       ROHESE (-after 1220).  “Philippus de Kima, filius domini Simonis de Kima” confirmed donations to Bullington priory, Lincolnshire by "quondam Philippi avi mei", for the soul of “…matris meæ Roissiæ”, by undated charter[664].  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Gilbertus”, son of “Walterus”, married “Roesiam comitissam Lincolniæ”, adding that she married secondly "Roberto dapifero" by whom she was mother of "Roesia de Bulington nupta Simoni de Kyma"[665].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1219, by "Simon de Kima et Roesia uxor eius" against "Hugonem de Lay"[666].  "Rose who was the wife of Simon of Kyme" paid a fine "for summoning William of Kyme" to appear to "render her a knight’s fee…in Elkington and Caletoft", dated [May] 1220[667].  m SIMON de Kyme, son of PHILIP de Kyme & his wife Hawise --- (-1220). 

(2)       WILLIAM FitzRobert of Immingham .  “Eustacius de Merc et Adheliz de Sancto Quintino sponsa mea” donated property to Appleton, with the consent of “heredibus nostris...Roberto et Willelmo”, by charter dated to [1163], witnessed by “...Willelmo filio Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Henrico nepote Eustacii...Agnete filia Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Willelmo fratre Eustacii[668]

(3)       WALTER FitzRobertDomesday Descendants names Walter as another son of Robert FitzFulk FitzRainfrid and his wife Alice de St Quintin, adding that he died without issue[669]

(4)       HENRY FitzRobertDomesday Descendants names Henry as another son of Robert FitzFulk FitzRainfrid and his wife Alice de St Quintin, adding that he died without issue[670]

(5)       AGNES .  “Adheliz de Sancto Quintino et Robertus filius et heres suus” donated property to the nuns of Appleton, for the soul of “Roberti filii Fulconis”, by charter dated to [1144/50], witnessed by “...Gilleberto filio Fulconis, Gilleberto de Archis...Agneta filia eiusdem domine de Sancto Quintino...[671].  “Eustachius de Merch” donated property to Covenham, with the consent of “Aeliz de Sancto Quintino uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1150/70], witnessed by “...Willelmo senescalda et Waltero fratre eius militibus...domina Aeliz de Sancto Quintino, Agnete, Dionisia, Sibilla filiabus eius, Agnete et Aeliz neptibus eius[672].  “Eustacius de Merc et Adheliz de Sancto Quintino sponsa mea” donated property to Appleton, with the consent of “heredibus nostris...Roberto et Willelmo”, by charter dated to [1163], witnessed by “...Willelmo filio Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Henrico nepote Eustacii...Agnete filia Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Willelmo fratre Eustacii[673]

(6)       DENISE .  “Eustachius de Merch” donated property to Covenham, with the consent of “Aeliz de Sancto Quintino uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1150/70], witnessed by “...Willelmo senescalda et Waltero fratre eius militibus...domina Aeliz de Sancto Quintino, Agnete, Dionisia, Sibilla filiabus eius, Agnete et Aeliz neptibus eius[674]

(7)       SIBYLLA .  “Eustachius de Merch” donated property to Covenham, with the consent of “Aeliz de Sancto Quintino uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1150/70], witnessed by “...Willelmo senescalda et Waltero fratre eius militibus...domina Aeliz de Sancto Quintino, Agnete, Dionisia, Sibilla filiabus eius, Agnete et Aeliz neptibus eius[675].  She adopted the name Percy. 

 

 

 

 

FITZRICHARD

 

 

No trace has been found in sources in Normandy of "Scrob" whose son Richard is shown below.  The name of Richard’s son Osbern suggests that the family was of Viking origin. 

 

 

1.         RICHARD FitzScrob (-[1067/85]).  Florence of Worcester records that "Rotbertum diaconem et generum eius Ricardum filium Scrob, Ælfredum regis stratorem, Anfridum cognomento Ceocesfot" were allowed to remain in England when Earl Godwin expelled the Normans in [1052][676].  "…Richard Scrob…" witnessed the charter dated 1067 under which William I King of England donated the vill of Cullacliffe to Wulfstan Bishop of Worcester[677].  Domesday records that Richard Scrob/Scrupe held four manors in Worcestershire, Burford in Shropshire, and a manor in Herefordshire during the time of King Edward[678].  Florence of Worcester records that "Herefordenses castellani et Richardus filius Scrob" resisted "Edrcus cognomento Silvaticus filius Ælfrici, fratris Edrici Streonæ…et Richardus filius Scrob" in [1067][679]m ---, daughter of ROBERT “the Deacon” & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by Florence of Worcester who records that "Rotbertum diaconem et generum eius Ricardum filium Scrob, Ælfredum regis stratorem, Anfridum cognomento Ceocesfot" were allowed to remain in England when Earl Godwin expelled the Normans in [1052][680].  Richard & his wife had one child: 

a)         OSBERN FitzRichard (-after [1087/88]).  Domesday Book records “Osbern fitzRichard Scrob” holding numerous properties in Worcestershire; several properties in Herefordshire; land in Easton, Riseley, Keysoe and Elvedon in Bedfordshire; several places in Shropshire[681].  Orderic Vitalis records that “Osbernus, Ricardi cognomento Scrop filius et Bernardus de Nov Mercato gener eius” committed excesses “in territorio Wigornensi”, dated to [1087/88] from the context[682]m NESTA, daughter of GRUFFYDD ap Llywellyn Prince of Gwynedd and Powys & his second wife Ealdgyth of Mercia.  Orderic Vitalis names "Nest" as the daughter of "Edwinus…et Morcarus comites, filii Algari…Edgivam sororem eorum" and her first husband "Gritfridi…regis Guallorum"[683].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   "Hugo filius Osberti" donated a saltpan at Droitwich to the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory, for the souls of "patris mei Osberti et matris mee Nest", by charter dated to [early 12th century][684].  Osbern & his wife had three children: 

i)          HUGH FitzOsbern (-before 1140).  "Osbernus filius Pontii" donated “piscatoriam…in villam…Longaneia et ecclesiam" to Pershore monastery, Worcestershire, for "filio meo Radulfo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone filio Osberni filii Ricardi et Turstino fratre eius…"[685]

-         see below

ii)         THURSTAN .  "Osbernus filius Pontii" donated “piscatoriam…in villam…Longaneia et ecclesiam" to Pershore monastery, Worcestershire, for "filio meo Radulfo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone filio Osberni filii Ricardi et Turstino fratre eius…"[686]

iii)        NESTA [Agnes] .  A manuscript narrating the history of Brecknock priory records that the founder “Bernard de Nefmarche, Norman” married “Neste qe fut apele Agnes, la file Griffin le fiz Lewelin…cruel tyrant de Gales[687], although this skips a generation.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records that “Osbernus, Ricardi cognomento Scrop filius et Bernardus de Nov Mercato gener eius” committed excesses “in territorio Wigornensi”, dated to [1087/88] from the context[688].  The Historia fundationis cum fundatoris genealogia of the priory of Abergavenny names “Sibillam, legitimam hæredem totius terræ Breconiæ…Bernardi et Agnetis de Novo-Mercato” as parents of “Sibillam, legitimam hæredem totius terræ Breconiæ” who married “Milonem[689].  The Chronicle of Battle Abbey records that "Bernardus cognomento de Novo Mercato…uxor Agnes" donated property in Brecknock to Battle abbey[690]m BERNARD de Neufmarché, son of GEOFFROY de Neufmarché & his wife Ada --- (-1125).  “Bernardus de Novo-mercato” donated property to Breckon priory, for the soul of “Philippi filii mei”, by charter dated to the reign of King Henry I[691].  Florence of Worcester records that "Beornardus de Novo Mercatu, Rogerius de Laceio…Rawlfus de Mortuo Mari…cum hominibus comitis Rogeri de Scrobbesbyria" threatened Worcester with an army of Normans and Welsh, dated to [1088][692]

 

 

HUGH FitzOsbern, son of OSBERN FitzRichard & his wife Nesta of Wales (-before 1140).  "Osbernus filius Pontii" donated “piscatoriam…in villam…Longaneia et ecclesiam" to Pershore monastery, Worcestershire, for "filio meo Radulfo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone filio Osberni filii Ricardi et Turstino fratre eius…"[693].  "Hugo filius Osberti" donated a saltpan at Droitwich to the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory, for the souls of "patris mei Osberti et matris mee Nest", by charter dated to [early 12th century][694]

m EUSTACHIA de Say, daughter of ---.  "Osbertus filius Hugonis et mater eius Eustachia" notified that the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory had agreed a cemetery at Cotheridge by charter dated to [1140][695].  An undated charter of Henry II King of England records the foundation of Westwood priory, Worcestershire by “Osbertus filius Hugonis et Eustachia de Say mater sua”, witnessed by “Ricardo de Lucy…Bernardo de S. Walerico, Willielmo de Bello-campo[696]

Hugh & his wife had two children: 

1.         OSBERN FitzHugh (-after Aug 1180).  "Osbertus filius Hugonis et mater eius Eustachia" notified that the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory had agreed a cemetery at Cotheridge by charter dated to [1140][697].  An undated charter of Henry II King of England records the foundation of Westwood priory, Worcestershire by “Osbertus filius Hugonis et Eustachia de Say mater sua”, witnessed by “Ricardo de Lucy…Bernardo de S. Walerico, Willielmo de Bello-campo[698].  “…Waltero de Clifford…Osberto filio Hugonis, Willielmo de Bealchamp…” witnessed the undated charter, dated to [1155], which records the donation by “Rogerus comes Herefordiæ” to Brecknock priory[699].  “Osbertus filius Hugonis” donated property to Godstow nunnery in Oxfordshire, at the request of “domini Walteri de Clifford” for the souls of "uxoris suæ Margaretæ et…Rosamundæ filiæ suæ", with the consent of "Hugonis fratris mei", by undated charter witnessed by "Waltero de Clifford, Ricardo filio suo et Lucia filia sua, Willielmo de Hetona"[700].  “Walterus de Clifford” donated property to Godstow nunnery in Oxfordshire, for the souls of "uxoris meæ Margaretæ de Clifford et filiæ nostræ Rosamundæ", by undated charter witnessed by "Osbertus filius Hugonis, Hugo de Sey…"[701].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Osbertus filius Hugonis xxiii m" in Hereford in [1167/68][702].  "Osbertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the settlement of his dispute with the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory concerning the boundaries of their woods at Cornwood by charter dated to [1170], witnessed by "Hugone de Sai fratre meo…"[703].  "Osbern fitz Hugh" donated a virgate at Richard’s Castle to Haughmond Abbey by charter dated to [1172/85], witnessed by "Walter de Clifford, Walter his son, Hugh de Say and Lucie his wife"[704].  "Osbern de Say and…his brother Hugh" confirmed a charter of Baldwin Bishop of Worcester, dated to after Aug 1180[705]m [AMICE, daughter of WALTER de Clifford & his wife ---.  Eyton records that "from good but unvouched authority" Osbern FitzHugh married "Amicia daughter of Walter de Clifford"[706].] 

2.         HUGH de Say (-1190).  “Osbertus filius Hugonis” donated property to Godstow nunnery in Oxfordshire, at the request of “domini Walteri de Clifford” for the souls of "uxoris suæ Margaretæ et…Rosamundæ filiæ suæ", with the consent of "Hugonis fratris mei", by undated charter[707].  “Walterus de Clifford” donated property to Godstow nunnery in Oxfordshire, for the souls of "uxoris meæ Margaretæ de Clifford et filiæ nostræ Rosamundæ", by undated charter witnessed by "Osbertus filius Hugonis, Hugo de Sey…"[708].  "Osbertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the settlement of his dispute with the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory concerning the boundaries of their woods at Cornwood by charter dated to [1170], witnessed by "Hugone de Sai fratre meo…"[709].  "Osbern de Say and…his brother Hugh" confirmed a charter of Baldwin Bishop of Worcester, dated to after Aug 1180[710]

-        SAY

 

 

 

FITZROGER

 

 

1.         ROGER FitzRichard Lord of Warkworth (-before 1185)m as her second husband, ADELISA de Vere, widow of ROBERT de Essex, daughter of AUBREY de Vere Lord of Hedingham & his wife Adelisa de Clare ([1105]-after 1185).  Leland quotes a Vere manuscript which names "Albericus de Ver pater meus…Adeliza filia Gilberti de Clare" and "Adeliza de Estsexa, filia Alberici Ver et Adelizæ" who married "Rogerus filius Richardi, nepos comitis Hugonis Bigot"[711].  “Roesia comitissa” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “patris mei Alberici et Gaufridi domini mei”, by undated charter, witnessed by “…Willielmo de Veer, Adelisa de Veer, Adelisa de Essexa[712].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Arenho” held by “Alicia de Essex…lx annorum…amita comitis Willelmi et soror comitis Albrici”, adding that she had “ii filios milites et i filiam maritatam Johanni Constabulario Cestrie[713].  The same source, in another passage, records that “Alicia de Essex…est iiii.xx annorum” (presumably indicating "4 x 20 years" i.e. 80, which appears to be a more accurate assessment than the statement in the earlier passage that she was 60 years old, given the general chronology of these families) and held “Clavering sicut dotem suam, de feodo Henrici de Essex”, adding that she had “ii filios milites" and land "in comitatu Norhamton…de feodo comitis Willelmi"[714].  Roger & his wife had [six] children: 

a)         ROBERT FitzRoger of Warkworth and Clavering (-22 Nov 1214).  A charter of King John confirmed that “Rogeri fil Rogeri” founded Thickhed Nunnery, Yorkshire, and confirmed donations by "Thomæ fil Rogeri…Emmæ sororis eiusdem Rogeri filii Rogeri", witnessed by "…Rob filio Rogeri…"[715].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Robertus filius Rogeri" holding "manerium de Wercwrth" in Northumberland held by "Rogerius filius Ricardi pater eius" from King Henry II, as well as "baroniam de Waltona…manerium de Robire…manerium de Neuburne…villam de Corebrige"[716].  m as her second husband, MARGERY de Chesney, widow of HUGH de Cressy, daughter of WILLIAM de Chesney of Horsford and Cole, Essex & his wife --- (-7 Jan 1231).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “tres filias...Margaretam, Clementiam et Saram” as the children of “Willielmum de Caineto”, son of “domino Roberto filio Walteri fundatori domus sanctæ Fidis de Horsham”, adding that “Margareta” married firstly “cuidam Normanno Hugoni de Crescy”, by whom she had “filium...Rogerum” who married “Isabellam de Ry” and had “quatuor filios...Hugonem, Rogerum, Johannem et Stephanum” all of whom died childless, and secondly “Roberto filio Rogeri[717].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in the honour of Boulogne, dated to [1217/18], which includes "uxor que fuit Roberti filii Rogeri" holding "vii milites…in Torpwidon et Andeg et Massingham et Anemere et Freinges et Wikinham vi milites quos Hugo filius Roberti tenet"[718].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Margarete que fuit uxor Robert f Rogeri...in Blieburg” n Norfolk/Suffolk[719].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

i)          JOHN FitzRobert of Warkworth, co. Northumberland (-1240).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “Johannem filium Roberti” as the son of “Roberto filio Rogeri” and his wife[720]

-         see below

ii)         ALICE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m (marriage settlement 28 Nov 1203) as his first wife, PIERS FitzHerbert of Blaenllyfni, son of HERBERT FitzHerbert & his wife Lucy of Hereford (-1 Jul 1235, bur Reading).  

b)         RICHARD FitzRoger .  “Richardus filius Rogeri” founded Lythom Priory, Northumberland, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Margaretæ”, and for the health of "domini mei Johannis comitis", by charter dated to the reign of King Richard I[721]m MARGARET, daughter of ---.  “Richardus filius Rogeri” founded Lythom Priory, Northumberland, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Margaretæ”, and for the health of "domini mei Johannis comitis", by charter dated to the reign of King Richard I[722].    

c)         ROGER FitzRoger .  A charter of King John confirmed that “Rogeri fil Rogeri” founded Thickhed Nunnery, Yorkshire, and confirmed donations by "Thomæ fil Rogeri…Emmæ sororis eiusdem Rogeri filii Rogeri", witnessed by "…Rob filio Rogeri…"[723]

d)         THOMAS FitzRoger .  A charter of King John confirmed that “Rogeri fil Rogeri” founded Thickhed Nunnery, Yorkshire, and confirmed donations by "Thomæ fil Rogeri…Emmæ sororis eiusdem Rogeri filii Rogeri", witnessed by "…Rob filio Rogeri…"[724]

e)         EMMA FitzRoger .  A charter of King John confirmed that “Rogeri fil Rogeri” founded Thickhed Nunnery, Yorkshire, and confirmed donations by "Thomæ fil Rogeri…Emmæ sororis eiusdem Rogeri filii Rogeri", witnessed by "…Rob filio Rogeri…"[725].

f)          [ALICE (-after 1185).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Aliciam Vere uxorem Willielmi Mandevill” as the wife of “Johannes constabularium Cestriæ”, son of “Richardus constabularius Cestriæ[726].  Her parentage is clarified by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records property “Arenho” held by her mother “Alicia de Essex…amita comitis Willelmi et soror comitis Albrici”, adding that she has “ii filios milites et i filiam maritatam Johanni Constabulario Cestrie[727].  It is assumed that the reference to “Willielmi Mandevill” is somehow truncated and that he was not Alice’s first husband: he would in fact have been Alice’s first cousin, son of her maternal aunt.  The source, however, only confirms the name of Alice’s mother.  According to Domesday Descendants, Alice was the daughter of Adelisa de Vere by her second husband, Roger FitzRichard Lord of Warkworth[728].  The primary source on which this statement is based has not been identified.  Until the question is further clarified, Alice is shown here in square brackets.  m JOHN de Vesci, son of RICHARD FitzEustace de Vesci & his wife Aubreye de Lisours (-11 Oct 1183).]

 

 

JOHN FitzRobert of Warkworth, co. Northumberland, son of ROBERT FitzRoger of Warkworth & his wife Margery de Chesney (-1240).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “Johannem filium Roberti” as the son of “Roberto filio Rogeri” and his wife[729]

m ADA de Balliol, daughter of HUGH Balliol [Bailleul] of Barnard Castle & his wife Cecilia de Fontaines (-Stokesley late Jul 1251).  A writ after the death of "Ada alias Eda de Baylliol alias de Baillol", dated "8 Sep 35 Hen III", and later inquisitions record that "Stokesley Manor was given by Hugh de Balloil in free marriage to Ada his daughter who, after the death of her husband, enfeoffed Hugh and Robert her sons thereof", that "the said Lady Ada died at Stokesley on Saturday after St James the Apostle, 35 Hen III" and that "the said Hugh took and held seisin of the said manor, in the name of himself and his brother, until expelled"[730]

John & his wife had three children: 

1.         ROGER FitzJohn of Warkworth, Northumberland, Horsford, Norfolk, and Clavering, Essex (-[May] 1249).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “Rogerum” as the son of “Johannem filium Roberti”, son of “Roberto filio Rogeri[731].  Matthew Paris records the death in a 1249 tournament of "quidam de nobilioribus baronibus Borealibus Rogerus filius Johannis" and names his mother "Ada de Bailliol"[732]m ---.  The name of Roger’s wife is not known.  Roger & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT FitzRoger of Warkworth, Northumberland and Clavering, Essex (-before 29 Apr 1310).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” as the son of “Rogerum”, son of “Johannem filium Roberti”, adding that he inherited “post obitum Stephani de Crescy...in hereditate baronniæ de Horsford, quasi hæres dominæ Margeriæ de Cheny” [his paternal great-grandmother][733].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzRoger. 

-        see below

2.         HUGH .  A writ after the death of "Ada alias Eda de Baylliol alias de Baillol", dated "8 Sep 35 Hen III", and later inquisitions record that "Stokesley Manor was given by Hugh de Balloil in free marriage to Ada his daughter who, after the death of her husband, enfeoffed Hugh and Robert her sons thereof", that "the said Lady Ada died at Stokesley on Saturday after St James the Apostle, 35 Hen III" and that "the said Hugh took and held seisin of the said manor, in the name of himself and his brother, until expelled"[734]

3.         ROBERT .  A writ after the death of "Ada alias Eda de Baylliol alias de Baillol", dated "8 Sep 35 Hen III", and later inquisitions record that "Stokesley Manor was given by Hugh de Balloil in free marriage to Ada his daughter who, after the death of her husband, enfeoffed Hugh and Robert her sons thereof"[735]

 

 

ROBERT FitzRoger of Warkworth, Northumberland and Clavering, Essex, son of ROGER FitzJohn of Warkworth & his wife --- (-before 29 Apr 1310).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” as the son of “Rogerum”, son of “Johannem filium Roberti”, adding that he inherited “post obitum Stephani de Crescy...in hereditate baronniæ de Horsford, quasi hæres dominæ Margeriæ de Cheny” [his paternal great-grandmother][736].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzRoger. 

m MARGARET la Zouche, daughter of ---.  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk records that “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” married “Margeriam de la Souche[737].  Her precise relationship to the Zouche family has not been ascertained. 

Robert & his wife had eight children: 

1.         JOHN FtzRobert of Costessey, Norfolk ([1265/66]-Aynhoe, Northamptonshire [1/23] Jan 1332, bur Langley Abbey, Norfolk).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “multos filios et filias...Johannem, Alexandrum, Rogerum, Robertum, Alanum, Henricum et Edmundum” as the children of “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” and his wife “Margeriam de la Souche[738].  He adopted the name Clavering.  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Clavering.  m (1278) HAWISE de Tibetot, daughter of ROBERT de Tibetot & his wife --- ([before 1266]-1345, before 14 Apr).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk records that “Johannem”, son of “Robertum filium Rogeri”, married “Hawisiam[739].  John & his wife had one child: 

a)         EVA de Clavering (-30 Sep 1369, bur Langley Abbey, Norfolk).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “Evam...cognomen...Clavering” as the child of “Johannem”, son of “Robertum filium Rogeri”, adding that she had “filiam...Evam, quæ nunc se clamat advocatricem domus de Sibeton, de Langley, sanctæ Fidis et de Bliburg” who married firstly “Thomæ de Audele” who died childless and secondly “militi Radulfo de Ufford”, thirdly “Jacobo de Audele”, and fourthly “Roberto Benhalle militi” who died childless[740].  The passage suggests that there were two persons named Eva, mother and daughter.  However, from a chronological point of view this does not seem possible considering that Eva had children by her second husband who died in 1314.  Presumably there is some error in the manuscript.  After her second husband was killed at the battle of Bannockburn, Eva lived with, but did not marry, her first husband's first cousin.  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk records that Eva was buried “in monasterio de Langley[741]m firstly THOMAS Audley, son of NICHOLAS Audley & his wife Catherine Giffard (1288-[8 Jul/14 Dec] 1307, bur Langley Abbey, Norfolk).  m secondly ( before 2 Dec 1308) THOMAS de Ufford, son of ROBERT de Ufford & his first wife Mary --- (-killed in battle Bannockburn 24 Jun 1314, bur Langley Abbey, Norfolk).  Mistress of JAMES Audley of Stratton Audley, son of HUGH de Audley Lord Audley & his wife Isolt de Mortimer (-before 1 Mar 1334, bur Langley Abbey, Norfolk).  m thirdly (before 1342) ROBERT de Benhale, son of --- (-[1404], bur Langley Abbey, Norfolk).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1360, but not subsequently, whereby he may be held to have become Lord Benhale[742]

2.         ALEXANDER .  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “multos filios et filias...Johannem, Alexandrum, Rogerum, Robertum, Alanum, Henricum et Edmundum” as the children of “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” and his wife “Margeriam de la Souche[743]

3.         ROGER .  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “multos filios et filias...Johannem, Alexandrum, Rogerum, Robertum, Alanum, Henricum et Edmundum” as the children of “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” and his wife “Margeriam de la Souche[744]

4.         ROBERT .  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “multos filios et filias...Johannem, Alexandrum, Rogerum, Robertum, Alanum, Henricum et Edmundum” as the children of “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” and his wife “Margeriam de la Souche[745]

5.         ALAN .  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “multos filios et filias...Johannem, Alexandrum, Rogerum, Robertum, Alanum, Henricum et Edmundum” as the children of “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” and his wife “Margeriam de la Souche[746]

6.         HENRY .  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “multos filios et filias...Johannem, Alexandrum, Rogerum, Robertum, Alanum, Henricum et Edmundum” as the children of “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” and his wife “Margeriam de la Souche[747]

7.         EDMUND .  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “multos filios et filias...Johannem, Alexandrum, Rogerum, Robertum, Alanum, Henricum et Edmundum” as the children of “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” and his wife “Margeriam de la Souche[748]

8.         ELLEN (-before 2 Jun 1339).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that "Johannem Engayne" married "dominam Elenam filiam domino Roberti le Fitz-Roger" but was childless[749]m JOHN Engaine, son of JOHN Engaine of Laxton and Blatherwycke, Northamptonshire & his wife Joan de Greinville (-28 Sep 1322).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Engaine. 

 

 

 

 

FITZSWEIN

 

 

1.         AILRICm ---.  The name of Ailric’s wife is not known.  Ailric & his wife had one child: 

a)         SWEIN .  "Swanus filius Ailrich" donated land and "capellam de Calthorn" to "ecclesiam de Silkistuna" by undated charter[750]m ---.  The name of Swein’s wife is not known.  Swein & his wife had three children: 

i)          ADAM FitzSwein (-1159).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Adam fil Sueini" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[751].  "Adam filius Suwani" confirmed the donation to St Bees made by "Mahald uxor Godardi" by undated charter[752].  "Adam filius Suani" confirmed "ecclesiam de Silkistuna" to Pontefract by undated charter, dated to [1154], witnessed by "…Henrico fratre meo…"[753].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of “heremum S. Andreæ” by “Adam filius Suani[754].  "Adam filius Suani" confirmed the foundation of "sancte Marie Magdalene de Lunda" by undated charter, dated to [1158][755].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "hæredes Adæ filii Swein" held one knight’s fee "de feodo de Sciptone" in Yorkshire[756].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Rogerus de Monte Begonis, Simon filius Walteri, Alexander de Nevill" held land which was from "Willelmi de Nevill" in Cumberland, which King Henry I had granted to "Ade filio Swein, antecessori predictorum"[757].  m ---.  The name of Adam’s wife is not known.  Adam & his wife had two children: 

(a)       AMABEL .  Her parentage and first marriage are indicated by the undated charter under which [her husband] “Alexander de Creuequer” donated "molendinum meum de Culgait" to Wetherhal priory[758] and another undated charter [her supposed father] “Adam filius Suani” also donated "molendinum meum de Culgait" to Wetherhal[759].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Rogerus de Monte Begonis, Simon filius Walteri, Alexander de Nevill" held land which was from "Willelmi de Nevill" in Cumberland, which King Henry I had granted to "Ade filio Swein, antecessori predictorum"[760].  m firstly [as his second wife,] ALEXANDER de Crèvecœur, son of RENAUD de Crèvecœur & his wife Matilda --- (-before 1204).  m secondly WILLIAM de Neville, son of --- (-after 1212). 

(b)       MATILDA .  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Rogerus de Monte Begonis, Simon filius Walteri, Alexander de Nevill" held land which was from "Willelmi de Nevill" in Cumberland, which King Henry I had granted to "Ade filio Swein, antecessori predictorum"[761].  m firstly ADAM de Montbegon, son of --- (-[1171]).  “Adam de Mundegame” donated "molendinum de Culgaid" to Wetherhal priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Symone de Cruaqr…"[762].  “Alexander de Creuequer” donated land "in Culgait" to Wetherhal priory by undated charter, witnessed by "Adam de Mortegeg, Warino, Symone de Creuequer…"[763].  "R[oberti]. de Monte Begonis" confirmed possessions of "ecclesiam de Silkestona" as donated by "A. filio Suani" by undated charter, dated to before 1197[764]m secondly GERARD de Glanville, son of ---. 

ii)         HENRY FitzSwein (-after [1154]).  "Adam filius Suani" confirmed "ecclesiam de Silkistuna" to Pontefract by undated charter, dated to [1154], witnessed by "…Henrico fratre meo…"[765].  “Adam filius Suani” donated "molendinum meum de Culgait" to Wetherhal by undated charter witnessed by "…Henrico fratre meo…"[766]

iii)        RICHARD FitzSwein (-after [1180]).  "Ricardus filius Swani" granted concessions to the monks of Pontefract relating to "prato de Wixstalker" to "ecclesiam de Silkistuna" by undated charter[767].  "Ricardus filius Swani" confirmed the grant of "pratum de Wixstalker in villa de Swinlingtona" to "Willelmo filio Hervei" by undated charter, dated to [1180][768]

 

 

1.         KETEL FitzSwein (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Chetello fil Sueini" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[769]

 

2.         GEOFFREY FitzSwein (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Galfridus filius Swein" held one knight’s fee and parts from "Stephani de Scalariis" in Cambridgeshire[770].

 

 

1.         ALAN FitzSwein .  A charter dated to the late 12th century records an agreement between the priory of Bullington in Lincolnshire and "Ala[num] filium Swani de Lincolnia" relating to land in the parish of St Bavon, sealed by "Alani filii Svani"[771]m --- Bussel, daughter of WARIN Bussel & his wife ---.  The Testa de Nevill includes an inquisition concerning Lancaster dated 1212 which records that "Ricardus Bussel" granted land "in Gunnolvesmores" to "Alano filio Swani cum sorore sua"[772].  "Ricardus Busel" confirmed the donations made by "pater meus Warinus" to Evesham abbey by charter dated to [1153/60], witnessed by "…Sibilla et Matilde sororibus meis"[773].

 

 

1.         ROBERT FitzSwein of Northampton .  “Robertus filius Sueni” donated "ecclesiam de Pritelwell" to Lewes priory, for the souls of "…aviæ meæ Beatricis", witnessed by "…Warino filio Geroldi…", recorded in a manuscript which recounts the founding of Prittlewell[774].  “Robertus filius Sewini de Norhamton” donated land "in Hangre de Toteham quam Malculumb rex Scotiæ dedit mihi" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone filio meo, Edwardo Albo, Willielmo clerico nepote Roberti filii Sewini…"[775]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGH (-before 1194).  “Robertus filius Sewini de Norhamton” donated land "in Hangre de Toteham quam Malculumb rex Scotiæ dedit mihi" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone filio meo, Edwardo Albo, Willielmo clerico nepote Roberti filii Sewini…"[776].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Hugoni filio Roberti filii Sewini" in Northamptonshire[777]m ---.  The name of Hugh’s wife is not known.  Hugh & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT .  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Roberto f Hugonis f Roberti f Sewin…in Uppeton de dimidio anno" in Northamptonshire[778]

 

 

 

 

FITZURSE

 

 

1.         RALPH FitzUrse .  "Ralf fitz Urse" witnessed the charter dated to [1087/97] under which William II King of England confirmed the holding of the abbey of St Edmund[779]

 

2.         RICHARD FitzUrse (-after 1100)m as her first husband, ---, widow of RICHARD Engaine, daughter of ---.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "F[ulconis] de Lisuris" in Northamptonshire, referring to land which "Ricardus Engaine avus meus" gave to "ultimæ uxori suæ in dotem, scilicet uxori Ricardi filii Ursi"[780]

 

 

1.         RICHARD FitzUrse (-after 1166).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Ric fil Urson" in Wiltshire (two entries), Huntingdonshire, and Surrey[781].  "Ric fil Ursi" witnessed the charter dated to [1139/40] under which King Stephen granted land in Kingerby, Osgodby and Owersby, Lincolnshire to William Earl of Lincoln[782].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Ricardus filius Vrsi" used to hold one and one half knights’ fees from the abbot of Glastonbury in Somerset "tempore Regis Henrici" (presumably indicating King Henry I) now held by "Reginaldus filius eius"[783]m MATILDA de Boulers, daughter of BALDWIN de Boulers & his first wife Sibylle de Falaise.  A plea at Westminster, dating to the ninth year of Henry III King of England [1226], records that "Vitalis Engaing" claimed land "in honore de Mungumery" which "Dominus Rex H, senex" had given "in maritagium Baldewino de Bollers cum Sibilla de Faleise, nepte ipsius H regis", and that "eadem Sibilla" had "unam filiam Matillidem de ipso Baldewino" who "dominus Rex" gave to "Ricardo filio Ursie" who by her had "unum filium et duas filias…Reginaldum filium Ursi et Margeriam primogenitam et Mabiliam"[784].  Richard & his wife had three children: 

a)         REYNOLD FitzUrse (-[1171/75]).  A plea at Westminster, dating to the ninth year of Henry III King of England [1226], records that "Vitalis Engaing" claimed land "in honore de Mungumery" which "Dominus Rex H, senex" had given "in maritagium Baldewino de Bollers cum Sibilla de Faleise, nepte ipsius H regis", and that "eadem Sibilla" had "unam filiam Matillidem de ipso Baldewino" who "dominus Rex" gave to "Ricardo filio Ursie" who by her had "unum filium et duas filias…Reginaldum filium Ursi et Margeriam primogenitam et Mabiliam"[785].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Ricardus filius Vrsi" used to hold one and one half knights’ fees from the abbot of Glastonbury in Somerset "tempore Regis Henrici" (presumably indicating King Henry I) now held by "Reginaldus filius eius"[786].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Reginaldus filius Ursy xl s et xxvii d" in Northamptonshire in [1167/68][787].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Reginaldus filius Ursi lxxiii s iv d" in Northamptonshire in [1171/72][788].  Ralph de Diceto’s Ymagines Historiarum record that “Willelmus de Traci, Reginaldus filius Ursi, Hugo de Morevilla, Ricardus Brito” murdered the archbishop at Canterbury in 1171 and relate the subsequent events in detail[789].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "militum…Richardus Brito, Hugo de Morevilla, Renaldus Ursus et Guillelmus de Traci" as the murderers of Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury[790]m BEATRICE de Limesey, daughter of GEOFFREY de Limesey & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a claim dated 1220, recorded by Bracton, by "Vitalis Engaun et Rogerus Gernet" against "Willelmum de Cantelupo et Maziliam uxorem eius" which recites that "Gaufridus de Limeseia" had "unum filium Walterum…et duas filias Beatriciam et Matillidem", that Beatrice married "Reginaldus"[791].  Reynold & his wife had one child: 

i)          MATILDA (-before 1195).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a claim dated 1220, recorded by Bracton, by "Vitalis Engaun et Rogerus Gernet" against "Willelmum de Cantelupo et Maziliam uxorem eius" which recites that "Ricardus filius Ursy antecessor eorum" had "unum filium…Reginaldum et duas filias Margeriam et Mabiliam", that Reynold had "unam filiam…Matillidem…[qui] habuit unum filium Willelmum de Curtenay qui obiit…tempore Regis J…sine herede corpore suo"[792].  The 1174/75 Pipe Roll records “Robto de Curtenai” in the fee of “Regin fil Ursi” (father of his first wife, which helps to date their marriage) in Northamptonshire[793]m ([1174/75] or before) as his first wife, ROBERT de Courtenay Lord of Sutton, Berkshire, Sheriff of Cumberland, son of RENAUD Seigneur de Courtenay & his second wife Hawise d’Avranches (-[1207/09]). 

b)         MARGERY ([1134/35]-after 1185).  A plea at Westminster, dating to the ninth year of Henry III King of England [1226], records that "Vitalis Engaing" claimed land "in honore de Mungumery" which "Dominus Rex H, senex" had given "in maritagium Baldewino de Bollers cum Sibilla de Faleise, nepte ipsius H regis", and that "eadem Sibilla" had "unam filiam Matillidem de ipso Baldewino" who "dominus Rex" gave to "Ricardo filio Ursie" who by her had "unum filium et duas filias…Reginaldum filium Ursi et Margeriam primogenitam et Mabiliam"[794].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Margareta Engaine”, that she was "in donatione Domini Regis intra hos viii annos", that she had married “Galfridus Brito”, her land in "hundredum de Wilebroc" in Northamptonshire, and also in "Cleile hundredum", the entry for the latter recording that she was "L annorum…filia Ricardi filii Ursi" and naming her heir "Ricardus Engaine"[795].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a claim dated 1220, recorded by Bracton, by "Vitalis Engaun et Rogerus Gernet" against "Willelmum de Cantelupo et Maziliam uxorem eius" which recites that "Ricardus filius Ursy antecessor eorum" had "unum filium…Reginaldum et duas filias Margeriam et Mabiliam", that Margery was "avie ipsius Vitalis"[796]m firstly RICHARD [II] Engaine, son of VITALIS [I] Engaine & his wife --- de Lisours (-before 1177).  m secondly GEOFFREY Brito, son of ---. 

c)         MABEL .  A plea at Westminster, dating to the ninth year of Henry III King of England [1226], records that "Vitalis Engaing" claimed land "in honore de Mungumery" which "Dominus Rex H, senex" had given "in maritagium Baldewino de Bollers cum Sibilla de Faleise, nepte ipsius H regis", and that "eadem Sibilla" had "unam filiam Matillidem de ipso Baldewino" who "dominus Rex" gave to "Ricardo filio Ursie" who by her had "unum filium et duas filias…Reginaldum filium Ursi et Margeriam primogenitam et Mabiliam"[797].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a claim dated 1220, recorded by Bracton, by "Vitalis Engaun et Rogerus Gernet" against "Willelmum de Cantelupo et Maziliam uxorem eius" which recites that "Ricardus filius Ursy antecessor eorum" had "unum filium…Reginaldum et duas filias Margeriam et Mabiliam", that Mabel was "matri ipsius Rogeri"[798]m --- Gernet, son of ---.

 

 

1.         HENRY FitzUrse (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Henricus filius Ursi" held one knight’s fee from "comitis Patricii" in Wiltshire[799]

 

 

 

 

FITZWALTER

 

 

 

A.      FITZWALTER of WOODHAM WALTER, ESSEX

 

 

ROBERT FitzRichard de Clare, son of RICHARD de Brionne Lord of Clare and Tonbridge [Normandy] & his wife Rohese Giffard (-[1134], bur Priory of St Neot).  Guillaume of Jumièges names “Richardum strenuissimum militem” as the son of “comes Gislebertus filius Godefridus comitis”, adding that he donated property to Bec with “filii eius Gislebertus, Rogerius, Walterius, Rodbertus[800].  Orderic Vitalis names “Rogerium et Gislebertum, Gualterium et Rodbertum atque Ricardum” as the children of “Gisleberti comitis [filium] Ricardum” and his wife “Roaldem Gualterii Gifardi filiam[801].  Henry I King of England granted him the fiefdom of Little Dunmow, Essex[802].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the death in 1134 of “Robertus filius Ricardi, primus patronus canonicorum de Dunmawe” and his burial “apud Sanctum Neotum”, although the dating of events in this source appears shaky[803]

m ([1112]) as her first husband, MATILDA de Senlis, daughter of SIMON de Senlis Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton & his wife Matilda of Huntingdon (-before 1163).  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland names "Simon, Waldev and Matilda" as the children of Simon Earl of Huntingdon and his wife Matilda, commenting that they "are still young and in their infancy"[804].  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Daventre priory records that “Symonis de Seynliz” had two sisters “quarum una…Matildis Seynliz” married “Robertus filius Ricardi”, but does not name the second sister[805].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the marriage in 1112 of “Robertus filius Ricardi” and “Matildam de Sancto Lisio”, although the dating of events in this source appears shaky[806].  She married secondly (1136) Saher de Quincy.  The Complete Peerage records her second marriage, citing Hatton’s Book of Seals for “proof of this marriage”, and in a later passage that “her charter of dower lands in Essex and London, bearing her seal, is witnessed by her sons Walter FitzRobert and Saher[807].  The 1157/58 Pipe Roll records "Matildi de Seinliz" in Essex and Hertfordshire under "Nova Placita & Noue Conuentiones", suggesting that this related to her dower land soon after the death of her husband[808].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the death in 1140 of “Matildis de Sancto Licio uxor Roberti filii Ricardi”, although the dating of events in this source appears shaky[809]

Robert FitzRichard & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         WALTER FitzRobert (-1198, bur Dunmow Priory).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Daventre priory names “Walterum et Symoni fratri suo” as the two sons of “Robertus filius Ricardi” and his wife Matilda[810].  “Walterus filius Roberti” donated “terram de teia” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “patris mei Roberti filii Ricardi et matris mee Matildis et...Rohaise amite mee que ecclesiam Sancti Johannis fundavit et fratrum suorum”, to Colchester St. John by undated charter[811].  “Walterus filius Roberti” donated property to Daventre Priory, for the souls of “Roberti filii Ricardi patris mei et Matildis de Senliz matris meæ…et uxoris meæ Matildis de Lucy et filiorum et filiarum mearum”, by undated charter[812].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Walterus filius Roberti" paying "xxxi l xv s, lxiii milites et dimidium" in Essex, Hertfordshire[813].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Walterus filius Roberti" being granted delay to pay "per brevia" in Essex, Herefordshire[814].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the death in 1198 of “Walterus filius Roberti” and his burial at Dunmow[815]m firstly MATILDA de Lucy Lady of Diss, Norfolk, daughter of RICHARD de Lucy, justiciar & his wife ---.  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Ricardo de Luce" granted "Disce" in Norfolk to "Waltero filio Roberti…in maritagio cum filia sua", adding that it was currently held by "Robertus filius Walteri"[816].  “Walterus filius Roberti” donated property to Daventre Priory, for the souls of “…uxoris meæ Matildis de Lucy et filiorum et filiarum mearum”, by undated charter[817].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1225, by "Ricardus filius Reginaldi et Roysia uxor eius" against "Robertum filium Walteri" for part of "terre…in Lewes" inherited from "Roysia de Douera auia sua", the defendant stating that "Matillis mater sua et Aleisia mater Ricardi de Umframuilla et Auelina auia Ricardi de Muntfichet fuerunt sorores" all of whom inherited part of the land in question[818][819]m secondly (after 1163) as her [third] husband, MATILDA de Bohun, widow [firstly] of HENRY d'Oilly, [and secondly of JUHEL de Mayenne], daughter of HUMPHREY de Bohun & his wife Margaret of Hereford ([1140/43]-after 9 Feb 1196).  Her parentage is established by a 1263 inquisition which confirms that Humphrey de Bohun, grandfather of Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford at that time, gave Bradenham to his sister Maud[820].  Her first and [third] marriages are confirmed by a lawsuit recorded in 1194 in which "Matill uxor Walteri fil Robti" sued "Cecilia uxore Rad fil Wigain" over Swereford manor, Oxfordshire, given to her by "Henri de Oilli vir eius…in dote"[821].  Her possible second marriage is confirmed by the Feet of Fines which records the judgment dated 9 Feb 1196 in a claim by "Henricus de Bohon…pro Adam de Greiuill" against "Matill de Bohon" concerning land "villa de Waleton…villam de Blakemer" and "in villa de Niweton" given to Matilda "in maritagium quondam Iuhellus de Mee---e"[822].  It is supposed that Matilda was the plaintiff’s aunt, although this is not specifically stated in the document.  It is supposed that the name "de Mee---e" indicates Mayenne, but this is not beyond all doubt.  Walter & his first wife had [four or more] children: 

a)         ROBERT FitzWalter of Woodham Walter, Essex (-9 Dec 1235, Dunmow Priory).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the succession of “Robertus filius Walteri” on the death of “Walterus filius Roberti”, adding that in 1216 the dispute between the barons and King John was triggered in 1216 because the king desired “Matildis…filia domini Roberti filii Walteri[823].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus filius Walteri" holding 15 knights’ fees "Wodeham" in Essex in [1210/12][824].  He went with Saher de Quincy Earl of Winchester (his cousin through his paternal grandmother) to invite Louis de France to England in early 1216[825].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1225, by "Ricardus filius Reginaldi et Roysia uxor eius" against "Robertum filium Walteri" for part of "terre…in Lewes" inherited from "Roysia de Douera auia sua", the defendant stating that "Matillis mater sua et Aleisia mater Ricardi de Umframuilla et Auelina auia Ricardi de Muntfichet fuerunt sorores" all of whom inherited part of the land in question[826].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the death in 1234 of “Robertus filius Walteri, patronus ecclesie de Dunmowe”, his burial at Dunmow, and the succession of “Walterus filius eius”, the same source providing numerous details about his descendants[827].  Matthew Paris records the death "in Adventu Domini” 1235 of “Robertus filius Walteri[828]m firstly (after 1194) as her second husband, GUNNOR de Valognes, widow of DURAND de Ostill, daughter of ROBERT de Valognes & his wife Hawise --- (-after 1208).  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris", noting that "tres fratres fuerunt…Petrus, Robertus, Philippus ex parte patris et matris", that Robert was father of "Gunora mater predicte Cristiane"[829].  “Durandus de Steill camerarius domini regis et Gunnora de Valoniis uxor eius” confirmed donations made to Binham priory by “Rogerus de Valoniis” by undated charter[830].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records property “Hortfurdburia et Hochwelle” held by her paternal grandmother “Agnes de Valeines…l annorum”, property “Hecham et Leic” held by “Agnes de Valuines…plusquam lx annorum”, and “Redefelde” held by “Agnes de Valuines…soror Pagani filii Johannis” adding that her heir is “filia eius et heres data est Durando de Ostili[831].  Round suggests that "filia eius" in this passage is an error for "neptis eius", as Gunnor was the senior heiress of her grandmother as only daughter of the latter’s second surviving son, and pointing out that "Durandus de Osteilli" paid scutage in Essex/Hertfordshire of £15/3/4 in the Pipe Roll 1190, equivalent to the 30 and one third knights’ fees on which the barony of Valoignes paid had paid in 1166, and on which "Gunnore de Valoniis" paid in 1194[832].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records that "Gunnore de Valoniis" paid "xx s, i militem" in Norfolk, Suffolk, and also paid in Essex, Hertfordshire[833].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Gunnore de Valoniis" paying "xxx l, xxx milites" in Essex, Hertfordshire[834].  "Rob fil Walteri et Gunnor ux eius" paid a fine for the inheritance of "Gaufri de Valon avunculi ipsius Gunnor", dated 1208[835]m secondly ROHESE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Robert & his first wife had three children: 

i)          MATILDA (-1212, bur Dunmow Priory).  The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d’Angleterre records that "Joffrois de Mandeville" married "la fille Robiert le fil Gautier"[836]m GEOFFREY de Mandeville, son of GEOFFREY FitzPiers & his first wife Beatrice de Say (-London 23 Feb 1216, bur Trinity Prior within Aldgate).  He succeeded his father in 1213 as Earl of Essex. 

ii)         CHRISTINE (-before 17 Jun 1232, bur Shouldham Priory).  The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d’Angleterre records that "Robiert le fil Gautier" had two daughters and one son, adding that the second daughter married "Guillaume de Mandeville, qui freres fu Joffroi"[837].  “Christiana de Maundeville...in mea...viduitate”, as successor of “Roberti de Valoniis avi mei et Roberti filii Walteri patris mei, Gunnore uxoris sue matris mee”, confirmed the donation of revenue from “ecclesia de Baketona in Suffolchia” to Binham priory made by “Robertus filius Walteri pater meus et Gunnora mater mea”, for the souls of “Willelmi de Maundeville comitis Essexie quondam mariti mei...Roberti filii Walteri patris mei et Gunnore uxoris sue matris mee”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Gondreda de Warenne soror mea[838].  The Annals of Dunstable record that “Hubertus de Burgo…Remundus nepos eius” married “comitissam Essexiæ” in 1227[839].  An order dated [Nov] 1227 refers to "Reymundus de Burgo…et Christiana uxore eius"[840].  King Henry III granted "duos damos in foresta de Wauberg" to "Christiane uxori Remundi de Burgo”, dated 1229[841].  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records that “Cristiana uxore sua, comitissa Essexiæ” was buried with her (first) husband “apud Soldham[842]m firstly (before 18 Nov 1220) WILLIAM de Mandeville Earl of Essex, son of GEOFFREY FitzPiers & his first wife Beatrice de Say (-8 Jan 1227, bur Shouldham Priory).  m secondly ([9 Jan/15 May] 1227) RAYMOND de Burgh of Dartford, Kent, son of --- de Burgh & his wife --- (-drowned 1230, bur Dover). 

iii)        son .  The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d’Angleterre records that "Robiert le fil Gautier" had two daughters and one son[843]

Robert & his second wife had one child: 

iv)       WALTER FitzRobert of Woodham Walter, Essex (-shortly before 10 Apr 1258).  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris"[844]

-         see below

b)         ALICE (-1213 or after).  An order dated 21 Jul 1213 records that "Alic Pechie" gave "Aliciam filiam suam" as a hostage when "Roberti filii Walteri fratris sui" was freed[845]m GILBERT Pecche, son of HAMON Pecche & his wife Alice Peverel (-before 9 Jul 1212). 

c)         other children .  “Walterus filius Roberti” donated property to Daventre Priory, for the souls of “…uxoris meæ Matildis de Lucy et filiorum et filiarum mearum”, by undated charter[846]

Walter & his second wife had one child: 

d)         SIMON FitzWalter (-before 18 Jul 1218).  King John granted "unum mercatum apud Bareate" to "Simon filius Walteri" by charter dated 4 Sep 1199[847].  "Simon fil Walteri" made a fine for returning to the king’s support naming "Matillid filia sua…filius suus primogenitus…" among the hostages which were given, dated 1216[848].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1234, by "Walterus filius Symonis" against "Thomam comitem de Warewyc" which records that "Matillis de Boun antecessor ipsius Symonis" was "uxor Henrici de Oylly" by whom she had "filium Henricum de Oylly" who died without heirs but had "sororem Margeriam" who was the mother of "Henricum…comitem de Warewyc et qui fuit pater ipsius Thome", and adds that "predicta Matillis" married secondly "Waltero filio Roberti avi istius Walteri" by whom she had "Symonem patrem ipsius Walteri"[849].  The date of his death is set by an order dated 18 Jul 1218 which records that "Robert fitz Walter, Simon’s brother…per the testament of his brother" had custody of "the land and heir of Walter of Carew"[850]m (1200 or after) as her second husband, SARAH, widow of THOMAS de Burgh, daughter of ---.  "Simon fil Walteri" paid a fine to marry "Sarra que fuit uxor Thome de Burgo" if she wishes and her property in Northamptonshire, dated 1200[851].  Simon & his wife had two children: 

i)          WALTER FitzSimon (-after 1234).  "Simon fil Walteri" made a fine for returning to the king’s support naming "Matillid filia sua…filius suus primogenitus…" among the hostages which were given, dated 1216[852].  It is not known whether "filius suus primogenitus" refers to Walter FitzSimon or another otherwise unrecorded son.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1234, by "Walterus filius Symonis" against "Thomam comitem de Warewyc" which records that "Matillis de Boun antecessor ipsius Symonis" was "uxor Henrici de Oylly" by whom she had "filium Henricum de Oylly" who died without heirs but had "sororem Margeriam" who was the mother of "Henricum…comitem de Warewyc et qui fuit pater ipsius Thome", and adds that "predicta Matillis" married secondly "Waltero filio Roberti avi istius Walteri" by whom she had "Symonem patrem ipsius Walteri"[853]

ii)         MATILDA (-after 1216).  "Simon fil Walteri" made a fine for returning to the king’s support naming "Matillid filia sua…filius suus primogenitus…" among the hostages which were given, dated 1216[854]

2.         SIMON FitzRobert .  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Daventre priory names “Walterum et Symoni fratri suo” as the two sons of “Robertus filius Ricardi” and his wife Matilda[855]

3.         MATILDA de Senlis (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Matillis de Sainlis que fuit filia Roberti filii Ricardi et mater Willelmi de Albineio” and “terra sua in Hungertone et in Winewelle[856].  "Willielmus de Albineio" donated "ecclesiam de Redmelina" to Belvoir monastery, Lincolnshire, with the consent of "Willielmi filii et hæredis mei et Matildis uxoris meæ et Ceciliæ matris meæ, necnon et Radulphi de Albinei fratris mei", by undated charter[857]m WILLIAM de Albini Brito, son of WILLIAM de Albini Brito Lord of Belvoir, Lincolnshire & his wife Cecilia Bigod (-1168). 

4.         [--- .  The precise parentage of Matthew de Cruil has not been traced.  If “nepote”, in the document quoted below, is interpreted in the strict sense of nephew, his mother would have been the sister of Walter FitzRobert the donor.  However, the word could indicate a more remote family relationship.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         MATTHEW de Cruil .  “Matheo de Cruil nepote meo...” witnessed the undated charter under which “Walterus filius Roberti” donated “terram de teia” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “patris mei Roberti filii Ricardi et matris mee Matildis et...Rohaise amite mee que ecclesiam Sancti Johannis fundavit et fratrum suorum”, to Colchester St. John[858]

 

 

WALTER FitzRobert of Woodham Walter, Essex, son of ROBERT FitzWalter & his second wife Rohese --- (-shortly before 10 Apr 1258).  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris"[859]

m (before 1247) IDA de Longespee, daughter of WILLIAM Longespee Earl of Salisbury & his wife Ela Ctss of Salisbury (-after 10 Apr 1262).  The Book of Lacock names “Isabellam de Vescy…Elam…Idam de Camyle” as the daughters of “Guillelmus Longespe ex…Ela”, adding that Ida married “Walterus filius Roberti” by whom she had “Catarinam et Loricam…velatæ…apud Lacock, Elam, quam duxit primo Guillelmus de Dodingseles, de qua genuit ---, Robertum, qui Dernogoill ---[860]

Walter & his wife had four children: 

1.         ROBERT FitzWalter (Henham 1247-18 Jan 1326).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzWalterm firstly DEVORGUILLA de Burgh, daughter of JOHN de Burgh of Wakerley, Northants & his wife Cecilia Balliol ([1255]-1284, bur Dunmow Priory)  A writ after the death of "John de Burgo", dated "3 Mar 8 Edw I", records that he held "Wakerle…with the barony of Launvaley…Thingdene" and names his "three daughters, Dervorguilla whom Robert son of Walter married, Hawis whom Robert de Grelee married, and Margery who is a nun at Chikessaunt…his next heirs and of full age"[861]m secondly (King’s Chapel, Westminster 1289) ELEANOR Ferrers, daughter of ROBERT de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his second wife Eleanor de Bohun (-before May 1308, bur Dunmow Priory).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the marriage in 1289 of “Robertus filius Walteri” and “Alienoram filiam comitis de Ferrariis, sororem comitis de Ferrers” in the King’s Chapel, Westminster[862].  Robert & his first wife had two children: 

a)         WALTER FitzRobert (Henham 1275-Dunmow Priory 1293)m (Woodham 1286) as her first husband, JOAN Engaine, daughter of JOHN Engaine of Laxton and Blatherwycke, Northants & his wife Joan de Greinville of Hallaton, Leicestershire (-1 Jun 1315).  She married secondly Adam de Welle of Well, Lincolnshire (-1 Sep 1311).  Walter & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT FitzWalter (1291-young). 

b)         CHRISTIAN (-before 6 Dec 1315)m WILLIAM Marshal of Hingham, Norfolk, son of JOHN Marshal & his wife Hawise --- (29 Sep 1277-killed in battle Bannockburn 24 Jun 1314).  He became 1st Baron Marshal 1309. 

Robert & his second wife had one child: 

c)         ROBERT FitzWalter ([1300/01]-6 May 1328).  He succeeded his father as Lord FitzWalter

-        see below

2.         CATHERINE .  The Book of Lacock names “Isabellam de Vescy…Elam…Idam de Camyle” as the daughters of “Guillelmus Longespe ex…Ela”, adding that Ida married “Walterus filius Roberti” by whom she had “Catarinam et Loricam…velatæ…apud Lacock, Elam, quam duxit primo Guillelmus de Dodingseles, de qua genuit ---, Robertum, qui Dernogoill ---[863]

3.         LORICA .  The Book of Lacock names “Isabellam de Vescy…Elam…Idam de Camyle” as the daughters of “Guillelmus Longespe ex…Ela”, adding that Ida married “Walterus filius Roberti” by whom she had “Catarinam et Loricam…velatæ…apud Lacock, Elam, quam duxit primo Guillelmus de Dodingseles, de qua genuit ---, Robertum, qui Dernogoill ---[864]

4.         ELA .  The Book of Lacock names “Isabellam de Vescy…Elam…Idam de Camyle” as the daughters of “Guillelmus Longespe ex…Ela”, adding that Ida married “Walterus filius Roberti” by whom she had “Catarinam et Loricam…velatæ…apud Lacock, Elam, quam duxit primo Guillelmus de Dodingseles, de qua genuit ---, Robertum, qui Dernogoill ---[865]m firstly WILLIAM de Dodingsells, son of ---.  m secondly ---. 

 

 

ROBERT FitzWalter, son of ROBERT FitzWalter Lord FitzWalter & his second wife Eleanor Ferrers of the Earls of Derby ([1300/01]-6 May 1328).  He succeeded his father as Lord FitzWalter

m JOAN Multon, daughter of THOMAS de Multon of Egremont, Cumberland, Lord Multon & his wife Eleanor de Burgh of the Earls of Ulster ([1303/04]-16 Jun 1363, bur Dunmore Priory). 

Robert & his wife had children: 

1.         JOHN FitzWalter ([1311/12]-18 Oct 1361, bur Dunmow Priory)Lord FitzWalterm ELEANOR de Percy, daughter of HENRY Percy Lord Percy & his wife Idoine Clifford (-before 18 Oct 1361, bur Dunmow Priory).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Alianoram, Matildem…et Isabellam” as the daughters of “Henricus” and his wife “Idoniam de Clifford[866].  John & his wife had children: 

a)         WALTER FitzWalter (Henham 31 May 1345-Galicia 26 Sep 1386)Lord FitzWalterm firstly (Licence 23 Jun 1362) ELEANOR Dagworth, daughter of THOMAS de Dagworth Lord Dagworth & his wife Eleanor de Bohun of the Earls of Hereford and Essex (-after 29 Nov 1375, bur Dunmow Priory).  m secondly (before 27 Jun 1385) as her first husband, PHILIPPA de Mohun, daughter of JOHN de Mohun of Dunster, Somerset, Lord Mohun & his wife Joan de Burghersh (-Carisbrooke Castle, Isle of Wight 17 Jul 1431, bur Westminster Abbey).  She married secondly (before 13 Nov 1389) John Golafre of Langley, Oxfordshire.  She married thirdly ([27 Feb 1397/7 Oct 1398]) Edward of Cambridge Earl of Rutland, Earl of Cork, who succeeded his father in 1402 as Duke of York, Earl of Cambridge.  The will of "Philippa Duchess of York and Lady of the Isle of Wight", dated 1430, proved 13 Nov 1431, chose burial “in the conventual church of Westminster”, bequeathed property to “my son Walter Lord Fitz-Walter...[867]

-        LORDS FITZWALTER[868]

b)         ALICE FitzWalter (-29 Apr 1401)m AUBREY de Vere, son of JOHN de Vere Earl of Oxford & his wife Matilda Badlesmere ([1338/40]-23 Apr 1400, bur [Hadleigh]).  He was restored as Earl of Oxford in 1393. 

 

 

 

B.      FITZWALTER of CAEN

 

 

The precise parentage of Robert FitzWalter has not been identified.  His naming his son Simon suggests that he may have been related to the family of Robert FitzWalter of Woodham Walter (see Part A above) in which the name Simon also appears.  Robert FitzWalter’s son Simon was referred to as “Simon de Chesney” in one charter (see below).  Another possibility is therefore that Robert FitzWalter de Caen was the same person as Robert FitzWalter of Horsford, whose children adopted the name Chesney after their mother’s family (see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY – CHESNEY of HORSFORD). 

 

 

1.         ROBERT FitzWalter of Caen .  "Robertus filius Walteri et Avelina uxor sua" donated "ecclesiam de Northona" to Gloucester St Peter by undated charter[869].  A family connection between Robert FitzWalter and the Giffard family of Gloucestershire is suggested by the undated charter under which "Walterus Giffardus" granted land "in Ullingwike", including part "quæ fuit Roberti filii Walterii", to "Gilberto Giffardo fratri meo"[870]m firstly as her second husband, ADELINE [Aveline], widow of ALAIN FitzFlaald, daughter of ARNOUL de Hesdin [en Picardie] & his wife Emmeline --- (-after 1126).  “Alanus filius Flaaldi et Adelina uxor mea” donated property to Castle Acre Priory by undated charter[871].  Her parentage is confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records that Ernulf de Hesdin was avunculus of "William fitz Alan castellan and vicecomes of Shrewsbury"[872].  It is assumed that her [first] marriage took place early in the reign of Henry I King of England, who sponsored her husband’s rise to prominence in England as shown by the king’s charters in which he is named.  Eyton states that Dugdale intimates that "Dame Adeliza" who donated land at Wolston to Burton abbey, by charter dated to before 1114, was Alan FitzFlaad’s widow and the mother of "Sibil" who with her husband Roger de Freville confirmed her mother’s donation by charter dated 1132[873].  Henry I King of England confirmed an agreement between the bishop of Norwich and "Avelinam de Hesding" concerning "terra de Ettona" by charter dated to [1121/27][874].  A charter of Henry II King of England, dated 1176, recites donations to Haughmond abbey including that of "Willielmus filius Alani" of "terram de Piperinges" previously enjoyed by "Aveline matris ipsius Willielmi filius Alani"[875].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Robertus filius Walteri et Avelina uxor eius" donated "ecclesiam de Nortone", as previously donated by "Elmelina mater Avelinæ ante plures annos"[876].  "Robertus filius Walteri et Avelina uxor sua" donated "ecclesiam de Northona" to Gloucester St Peter by undated charter[877].  “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro” donated “Stoches...manerium meum cum suis appendiciis de Sudfolchia et Norfolc...sicut...michi pater meus concessit” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “patris mei Roberti et Aueline matris mee et Johannis fratris mei”, by undated charter[878]m secondly ---.  Robert & his first wife had one child: 

a)         MARGARET (-bur Colchester St. John).  “Hamo de Sancto Claro” donated “manerium de Stoches” to Colchester St. John, at the request of “Margarete uxoris mee cujus maritagium illud manerium erat”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Symon frater Margarete...[879].  “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro” donated “Stoches...manerium meum cum suis appendiciis de Sudfolchia et Norfolc...sicut...michi pater meus concessit” to Colchester St. John for her burial there, and for the souls of “patris mei Roberti et Aueline matris mee et Johannis fratris mei” and for the salvation of “viri mei Hamonis” and with his consent, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro, Symon frater meus...[880].  “Simon de Caisneto” confirmed that “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro mea soror in infirmitate qua mortua est” donated “manerium de Stochis” to Colchester St. John for her burial there, by undated charter[881].  m ([1137]) as his second wife, HAMON de Saint-Clair, son of --- (-after 1139). 

Robert & his [first/second] wife had two children: 

b)         JOHN .  “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro” donated “Stoches...manerium meum cum suis appendiciis de Sudfolchia et Norfolc...sicut...michi pater meus concessit” to Colchester St. John for her burial there, and for the souls of “patris mei Roberti et Aueline matris mee et Johannis fratris mei” and for the salvation of “viri mei Hamonis” and with his consent, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro, Symon frater meus...[882]

c)         SIMON [de Chesney] .  “Hamo de Sancto Claro” donated “manerium de Stoches” to Colchester St. John, at the request of “Margarete uxoris mee cujus maritagium illud manerium erat”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Symon frater Margarete...[883].  “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro” donated “Stoches...manerium meum cum suis appendiciis de Sudfolchia et Norfolc...sicut...michi pater meus concessit” to Colchester St. John for her burial there, and for the souls of “patris mei Roberti et Aueline matris mee et Johannis fratris mei” and for the salvation of “viri mei Hamonis” and with his consent, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro, Symon frater meus...[884].  “Simon de Caisneto” confirmed that “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro mea soror in infirmitate qua mortua est” donated “manerium de Stochis” to Colchester St. John for her burial there, by undated charter[885]

 

 

 

 

FITZWARIN

 

 

1.         WARIN [de Metz] .  Eyton refers to the compositions known as the Fitz-Warin Chronicles, compiled from the songs of Trouvères, which purport to give an account of "Warin de Metz" and his descendants the FitzWarin families of Whittington and Alberbury in Shropshire[886]m ---.  The name of Warin’s wife is not known.  The charter of Henry II King of England, dated 1154, which confirmed the gift by "Willelmus Peverel" of one Knight’s Fee in Tadlow, Cambridgeshire to "Fulconi filio Warini" suggests that Warin’s wife may have been related to the Peverel family[887].  Warin & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         ROGER FitzWarin (-[1145/54]).  "Walcheline Maminoht" exchanged land with the abbot of Shrewsbury by charter dated to [1136/41], witnessed by "Roger Fitz Warin"[888].  "Walcheline Maminoht" granted Bradford Mill to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1145], witnessed by "Roger Fitz Warin and Fulk his brother"[889].  He died without issue before the accession of King Henry II[890]

b)         FULK FitzWarin [I] (-[1170/71]).  "Walcheline Maminoht" granted Bradford Mill to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1145], witnessed by "Roger Fitz Warin and Fulk his brother"[891].  Henry II King of England confirmed the gift by "Willelmus Peverel" of a Knight’s Fee in Tadlow, Cambridgeshire to "Fulconi filio Warini", by charter dated 1154, witnessed by "Ricardo de Humet, Constabulario, Willelmo filio Hamonis"[892].  Henry II King of England granted "Watebergam" to "Fulconi filio Guarini" by charter dated Jan 1156[893].  The 1155, 1156 and 1157 Pipe Rolls record "Fulconi fil Warini" at "Aloestan" (Alveston) in Gloucestershire, yielding ₤10 p. a.[894].  The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Folc. fil War" in Shropshire[895].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Fulco filius Garin i m" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire in [1167/68][896].  His date of death is fixed by the Pipe Roll recording the manor of Alveston to "Folcho fitz Warin" in Michaelmas 1170, but to "Fulko son of Fulko fitz Warin" in Michaelmas 1171[897]m ---.  The name of Fulk’s wife is not known.  Fulk & his wife had four children: 

i)          FULK FitzWarin [II] (-[1195/98]).  The Pipe Roll records the manor of Alveston to "Fulko son of Fulko fitz Warin" in Michaelmas 1171[898]

-         see below.  

ii)         RALPH FitzWarin

iii)        RICHARD FitzWarin

iv)       WARIN FitzWarin

c)         [WILLIAM FitzWarin of Burwardsley (-[1162/75]).  Henry II King of England directed that "William Fitz Warin may hod and have assarts in Salopesire", attested by Thomas à Becket, dated to [May 1162][899].  "William Fitz Warin of Burwasley" witnessed the charter dated to [1161/72] under which "Hugh de Dover and Matilda his wife" restored property to Shrewsbury abbey[900].]  m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          [WARIN de Burwardsley (-1212 or after).  "Warin de Burwardesl and Philip his brother" witnessed a charter of Wenlock priory dated to [1169/76][901].]  He and his descendants are shown in Eyton[902]m ---.  The name of Warin’s wife is not known.  Warin & his wife had five children: 

(a)       PHILIP de Burwardsley (-[1240]).  m EMMA, daughter of --- (-after 1259). 

(b)       ROGER de Burwardsley (-1243). 

(c)       MABEL (-after 1244).  "Adam de Beissin" paid a fine for marrying "Mabel le Strange of Burwardesley" without the king’s licence in 1194[903]m (1194 or before) ADAM de Beysin of Billingsley, son of --- (-1238). 

(d)       ALICEm JOHN de Eyton, son of --- (-1244 or before). 

(e)       MARGERY (-before 10 May 1259).  Margaret Bagot gave "half a mark for summoning Roger Martel before the Justices at Westminster to acquit her of the service which Milisent de Stafford demands of her for her freehold in Blumenhul and Brunton" in 1223/24[904].  A writ dated 10 May "43 Hen III", after the death of "Margery de Blumenhull", states that "Phelipe the wife of Geoffrey de Bromle, aged 30, is heir of 3 parts, and John son of William de Ipeston, aged 26, is heir of the fourth part"[905]m JOHN Bagot of Blymhill, Staffordshire, son of [WILLIAM Bagot of Blymhill & his wife ---] (-1224 or before). 

ii)         [PHILIP .  "Warin de Burwardesl and Philip his brother" witnessed a charter of Wenlock priory dated to [1169/76][906].] 

 

 

FULK FitzWarin [II], son of FULK FitzWarin [I] & his wife --- (-[1195/98]).  The Pipe Roll records the manor of Alveston to "Fulko son of Fulko fitz Warin" in Michaelmas 1171[907].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Fulco filio Garini" paying "x s, i militem" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire[908].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Fulcho f Warini et Hawisa uxor eius" in Wiltshire[909]

m HAWISE de Dinan, daughter and co-heiress of JOSCELIN de Dinan & his wife --- (-1226 or after).  Her family origin and marriage are confirmed by two lawsuits recorded in 1194 in which, in the first, "Hawisia de Dinat…Fulkon fil Warin" and "--- Sibill de Dinat uxore" are named, and in the second "Fulko fil Warin…Hawiss uxor sue" and "Sibill uxor Hug de Plugenai"[910].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Fulcho f Warini et Hawisa uxor eius" in Wiltshire[911].  "Hawis de Dinan et Sibill soror eius" paid a fine for "de Bokeland, Corfton in Sumerset et de Hertilande in Devon…vs Oliverum de Dinan", dated 1204[912]

Fulk & his wife had [eight] children: 

1.         FULK FitzWarin [III] (-[Oct 1250/1251]).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Fouke, Willam, Phelip le Rous, Johan e Alayn" as the five sons of "Fouke e Hauwyse"[913].  "…Fulcus filius Warini et Alanus frater eius…" subscribed a charter dated to [1198] under which "Robertus Corbet" donated property to Buildwas Abbey[914].  The 1201 Pipe Roll names "Sibil, widow of Hugh de Plugenai and Hawise, mother of Fulk Fitz Warin" as co-parceners in Lamborn, Berkshire[915].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Fulco filius Warini" holding one knight’s fee in Shropshire in [1210/12][916].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Gloucestershire, dated to [1211/13]: "Fulco filius Warini" held land "in Alwesten i militis"[917].  The king ordered the sheriff of Berkshire to "take into the king’s hands" the lands of "Fulk fitz Warin and Eva de Tracy and her sister on account of the son and heir of Thomas de London, who they detain from the king", dated to [1218/19][918].  A charter of Henry III King of England dated 12 Dec 1234 confirmed the foundation of Alberbury priory, Shropshire by "Fulconis filii Warini"[919].  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records the death "a Blaunchevyle" of Fulk and his burial "a la Novele Abbeye"[920]m firstly ([22 Jul/1 Oct] 1207) as her second husband, MATILDA le Vavasour, widow of THEOBALD Walter Butler of Ireland, daughter of ROBERT le Vavasour & his wife --- (-before Jan 1226, bur Priory of Sainte-Marie near "Alberburs").  King John ordered the restoration of the dower of "Matilda his daughter who was the wife of Theobald Walter" to "Robert le Vavasour" dated 20 Jul 1207[921].  King John ordered payment of her dower to "Fulk Fitz Warin and Matilda (who was the wife of Theobald Walter)" restoring to them what he "had previously granted to Robert le Vavasour", dated 1 Oct 1207[922].  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records the death of "dame Mahaud de Caus" and her burial in "une priorie en le honour de Nostre Dame Seinte Marie de le ordre de Grantmont pres de Alberburs, en le boschage, sur la rivere de Sauverne"[923]Betrothed (1226) to ANGHARAD, daughter of MADOG Prince of Northern Powys & his wife Isota ---.  A letter from "W. de Lascy" to Hubert de Burgh, Justiciar, dated to [1226] urges him to bring forward the marriage of "Angaretham filiam Maddoci filii Griffini neptem meam" and "Fulconem filium Fulconis filii Warini"[924].  The precise relationship between Angharad and Walter de Lacy Lord of Meath has not yet been ascertained.  The primary source which confirms that the marriage took place has not yet been identified.  m secondly CLARICE, daughter of --- (-[1249/50]).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records that "Fouke" married "dame Clarice de Auberville" after the death of his first wife[925].  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records that "dame Clarice" died and was buried "a la Novele Abbeye" one year before the death of her husband[926].  Fulk & his first wife had five children: 

a)         HAWISE .  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Hauwyse, qe pus fust dame de Wemme" as the first daughter of "Fouke" and his wife "dame Mahaud de Caus"[927]m (before Jan 1226) WILLIAM [V] Pantulf of Wem, son of HUGH Pantulf & his wife Christiana FitzAlan (-[1232/4 Feb 1233]). 

b)         JOAN .  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records the birth of "Johane, qe pus fust mariee a sire Henre de Penebrugge" as the second daughter of "Fouke" and his wife "dame Mahaud de Caus"[928]m HENRY de Pembruge, son of ---. 

c)         FULK FitzWarin [IV] (-killed in battle Lewes 14 May 1264).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records the birth of "nee sur un montaigne de GalesJohan…et quant lenfant fust conferme de evesqe, yl fust apelee Fouke" as the first son of "Fouke" and his wife "dame Mahaud de Caus"[929].  [m firstly --- de Clifford, daughter of ROGER [II] de Clifford & his [first/second] wife [---/---] (-before 1250).  "Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" records that her son "John Tresgoos" married "Mabill file a noble…chevalier Foulk Fitz-Warren qui avoit a feme le soer Sr Rog de Clifford"[930].  If this is correct, the member of the Clifford family must have been the first wife of Fulk FitzWarin [IV] as the date of the first marriage of his daughter Mabel suggests that she must have been older than her brother Fulk FitzWarin [V].  However, it is possible that this source is in error (it contains other mistakes) and that Mabel’s mother was Constance de Tosny, the known wife of Fulk FitzWarin [IV].  This is particularly likely because, if the source was correct, John de Tresgoz and his wife Mabel would have been very closely related, presumably first cousins, as Roger [II] de Clifford (who, from a chronological point of view, is the most likely candidate for the father of this Clifford daughter) and John de Tresgoz’s father were uterine brothers.  It should be noted that Constance de Tosny’s brother was also named Roger, which could account for any confusion in the source quoted above.]  m [secondly] CONSTANCE de Tosny, daughter of RALPH de Tosny of Castle Maud, Radnorshire & his wife Pernel de Lacy (-after 11 Feb 1266).  Fulk FitzWarin [IV] & his [first/second] wife had [one child]: 

i)          [MABEL (-before 24 May 1297).  "Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" records that her son "John Tresgoos" married "Mabill file a noble…chevalier Foulk Fitz-Warren qui avoit a feme le soer Sr Rog de Clifford"[931].  It is suggested that the last reference to Mabel’s mother as a member of the Clifford family represents an error.  If it is correct, John de Tresgoz and his wife would have been very closely related, presumably first cousins, as Roger [II] de Clifford and John de Tresgoz’s father were uterine brothers.  From a chronological point of view, it is likely that Mabel was the daughter of Fulk FitzWarin [IV], whose recorded wife was Constance de Tosny, although it is possible that she was born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage to a member of the Clifford family.  A writ dated 24 May "25 Edw I", after the death of "Mabel late the wife of John Tregoz", records in relation to Weston that it was "held in free marriage of the barony of Averenchis…[by] Maud daughter of and heir of William de Averenchis the elder…Hamo le Creveker married her and they gave the manor to William their son and heir in free marriage with the said Mabel.  This William died without heir of his body", names as heirs of "[the said Maud] Juliana daughter of John son of Agnes one of the daughters of the said Hamo and Maud aged 23 and more, John de Lenham son of Iseut the second of the daughters of the said Hamo and Maud aged 60 and more"[932]m firstly WILLIAM de Crèvecœur, son of HAMON de Crèvecœur & his second wife Matilda d’Avranches (-before 6 Apr 1263).  m secondly as his first wife, JOHN de Tresgoz, son of ROBERT de Tresgoz & his wife Juliane de Cauntelo (-before 6 Sep 1300).] 

Fulk FitzWarin [IV] & his [second] wife had one child: 

ii)         FULK FitzWarin [V] (14 Sep 1251-24 Nov 1315).  An enquiry into the age of "Fulk son of Warin" includes testimony that "he will be 22 on the day of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross next" adding that at his birth his father was “much congratulated because all his other children were girls[933].  He was summoned to Parliament from 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzWarin

-         see below

d)         FULK FitzWarin of Alberbury (-[Oct 1292/1311]). 

e)         EVA .  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records that "Lowis le prince de Walys" married "sire Fouke…Eve sa file" after the death of his first wife "dame Johane…que fust la file le roi Henre de Engleterre"[934].  The Annales Cestrienses record in 1239 that “Lewelinus princeps Wallie” married “filiam Fulconis filii Warini[935]m (1239) as his third wife, LLYWELLYN ap Iorwerth Fawr ("the Great") Prince of North Wales, son of IORWERTH Drwyndwyn ("flat nose") Prince of Gwynedd & his wife Marared of Powys ([1173]-1240). 

2.         ALAN FitzWarin (-1203 or after).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Fouke, Willam, Phelip le Rous, Johan e Alayn" as the five sons of "Fouke e Hauwyse"[936].  "…Fulcus filius Warini et Alanus frater eius…" subscribed a charter dated to [1198] under which "Robertus Corbet" donated property to Buildwas Abbey[937]

3.         WILLIAM FitzWarin (-1236 or after).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Fouke, Willam, Phelip le Rous, Johan e Alayn" as the five sons of "Fouke e Hauwyse"[938].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus filius Warin" holding two knights’ fees "de eschaeta Normannorum…Mael de Gamage" in Hereford in [1210/12][939].  The sheriff of Lincolnshire was ordered to confiscate the lands of "William fitz Warin" for non-payment of a debt, dated to [1218/19][940].  "William fitz Warin and Agnes his wife" made a fine for "having the lands of Rose of Odell which fall to Agnes by hereditary right", dated 2 Sep 1221[941]m AGNES, daughter of ---.  "William fitz Warin and Agnes his wife" made a fine for "having the lands of Rose of Odell which fall to Agnes by hereditary right", dated 2 Sep 1221[942]

4.         PHILIP FitzWarin (-after 1203).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Fouke, Willam, Phelip le Rous, Johan e Alayn" as the five sons of "Fouke e Hauwyse"[943]

5.         JOHN [Ivo] FitzWarin (-after 1203).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Fouke, Willam, Phelip le Rous, Johan e Alayn" as the five sons of "Fouke e Hauwyse"[944]

6.         RICHARD FitzWarin (-1196 or after). 

7.         [EVA (-after [Jun] 1222).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings, dated 1219, which includes "Eva de Trascey" holding land "in Esgarestona…in hundredo de Launburn" in Berkshire and "Bovy" in Devonshire[945].  The parentage of Eva, and her relationship to the main Tracy family shown above, has not been traced.  She could have been the widow of Oliver de Tracy.  The king ordered the sheriff of Berkshire to "take into the king’s hands" the lands of "Fulk fitz Warin and Eva de Tracy and her sister on account of the son and heir of Thomas de London, who they detain from the king", dated to [1218/19][946], which suggests that Eva was closely related to Fulk FitzWarin [III], maybe his sister.  Her first marriage is confirmed by an order to the sheriff of Devon to take "the daughter and heiress of Thomas of London [if] found in his bailiwick" and "if she has been abducted out of the bailiwick" to confiscate the lands of "Eva de Tracy her mother", dated to [1218/19][947].  "Eva de Tracy" paid a fine for "having a weekly market…at her manor of Bovey", dated 23 Oct 1219[948].  "Eva de Tracy" made a fine for marrying "Hawise her daughter…without licence", dated [Jun] 1222[949]m firstly THOMAS de London, son of ---.  m secondly OLIVER de Tracy, son of HENRY de Tracy & his first wife Hawise --- (-after 1203).] 

8.         [daughter .  The king ordered the sheriff of Berkshire to "take into the king’s hands" the lands of "Fulk fitz Warin and Eva de Tracy and her sister on account of the son and heir of Thomas de London, who they detain from the king", dated to [1218/19][950].] 

 

                           

FULK FitzWarin [V], son of FULK FiztWarin [IV] & his [second] wife Constance de Tosny (14 Sep 1251-24 Nov 1315).  An enquiry into the age of "Fulk son of Warin" includes testimony that "he will be 22 on the day of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross next" adding that at his birth his father was “much congratulated because all his other children were girls[951].  He was summoned to Parliament from 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzWarin

m (before 25 Feb 1277) MARGARET, daughter of GRUFFYDD ap Gwenwynwyn & his wife Hawise le Strange (-11 May 1336). 

Fulk [V] & his wife had children: 

1.         FULK FitzWarin [VI] (-before 6 Jun 1336)Lord FitzWarinm ELEANOR de Beauchamp, daughter of JOHN de Beauchamp of Somerset, Lord Beauchamp & his wife Cecile de Vivonne (-after 18 Nov 1341).  Fulk [VI] & his wife had children: 

a)         FULK FitzWarin [VII] (-25 Jul 1349).  Lord FitzWarinm ---.  The Complete Peerage states that he married “(it is said) Joan da. of Henry (de Beaumont) Earl of Buchan by Alice, da. of Alexander Comyn” but cites no evidence[952].  Fulk [VII] & his wife had two children: 

i)          FULK FitzWarin [VIII] (Whittington 2 Mar 1341-12 Feb 1374)Lord FitzWarinm MARGERY Audley, daughter of JAMES Audley Lord Audley & his second wife Isabel ---.  Inquisitions dated 23 Nov 1392 relating to the manor of Tawstok name "Margaret the third sister of Nicholas [d’Audelee Chivaler]" and her grandson "Fulk Fitz Waryn son of Fulk" as heirs of Nicholas[953].  Fulk [VIII] & his wife had children: 

(a)       FULK FitzWarin [IX] (Combe Martin, Devon 2 Mar 1362-8 Aug 1391, bur Whittington)Lord FitzWarin.  The will of "Fulk Fitzwarine Knight", dated 8 Aug 1391, chose burial “in...the church of Whittington”, bequeathed property to “Philip Fitzwarine my uncle” and appointed “Elizabeth my wife and the said Philip” as his executors[954]m firstly as her first husband, ELIZABETH Cogan, daughter of WILLIAM Cogan of Bampton, Devon & his second wife Isabel Loring of Chalgrave, Bedfordshire ([1373/74]-29 Oct 1397).  The will of "Fulk Fitzwarine Knight", dated 8 Aug 1391, bequeathed property to “Philip Fitzwarine my uncle” and appointed “Elizabeth my wife and the said Philip” as his executors[955].  She married secondly (pardon for marrying without royal licence 11 Feb 1393) as his first wife, Hugh de Courtenay of Goodrington and Stancombe, Devon

-         LORDS FITZWARIN[956]

ii)         PHILIP FitzWarin (-after 8 Aug 1391).  The will of "Fulk Fitzwarine Knight", dated 8 Aug 1391, bequeathed property to “Philip Fitzwarine my uncle” and appointed “Elizabeth my wife and the said Philip” as his executors[957]

 

 

 

 

FITZWILLIAM

 

 

 

A.      DESCENDANTS of RICHARD FITZTUROLD

 

 

1.         RICHARD FitzTurold (-after 1103).  "…Richard fitz Turolf…" witnessed the charter dated to [1103/04] under which King Henry I confirmed property to Saint-Martin de Marmoutier, Tours[958]m ---.  Richard & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM FitzRichard (-after 1136).  Lord of Cardinham, Cornwall.  "…William fitz Richard…" witnessed the charter dated to [15 Apr 1123] under which King Henry I restored churches in Cornwall and Devon to Exeter Cathedral[959].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills fil Ric" returning in Devonshire for "uxore Fulbti de Doura cum dote et maritagio suo"[960].  The relationship between William FitzRichard and the family of Fulbert of Dover has not been traced.  "…[W]illelmus filius Ri[cardi]" witnessed the charter dated [Apr/21 Nov] 1136 under which King Stephen confirmed churches to Exeter Cathedral[961]m ---.  William & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          [ROBERT FitzWilliam (-after 1169).  A charter of King Henry III, dated 6 May 1235, records donations to Tywardreth Priory, Cornwall by “Robertus filius Willielmi et Agnes uxor…et Robertus meus filius” dated 1169 which names Robert as "fratre Baldewyno existente priore apud Tiwardrait"[962].]  m AGNES, daughter of --- (-after 1169).  A charter of King Henry III, dated 6 May 1235, records donations to Tywardreth Priory, Cornwall by “Robertus filius Willielmi et Agnes uxor…et Robertus meus filius” dated 1169 which names Robert as "fratre Baldewyno existente priore apud Tiwardrait"[963].  Robert & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ROBERT .  A charter of King Henry III, dated 6 May 1235, records donations to Tywardreth Priory, Cornwall by “Robertus filius Willielmi et Agnes uxor…et Robertus meus filius” dated 1169 which names Robert as "fratre Baldewyno existente priore apud Tiwardrait"[964]

ii)         [BALDWIN (-after 1169).  Prior of Tywardreth.  A charter of King Henry III, dated 6 May 1235, records donations to Tywardreth Priory, Cornwall by “Robertus filius Willielmi et Agnes uxor…et Robertus meus filius” dated 1169 which names Robert as "fratre Baldewyno existente priore apud Tiwardrait"[965].] 

iii)        BEATRICE FitzWilliam .  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Willelmus filius Ricardi…[in] comitatus Cornubiensis" rebelled against King Stephen and married "filiam suam" to "Reinaldo filio regis Henrici", dated to [1140/42][966].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  She is called Mabilia in Domesday Descendants[967]m ([1141]) RENAUD [de Dunstanville], illegitimate son of HENRY I King of England & his mistress Sibyl Corbet ([1110/15]-Chertsey, Surrey 1 Jul 1175, bur Reading Abbey).  He was created Earl of Cornwall in [Apr 1141] by his half-sister Empress Matilda. 

2.         GILBERT FitzTurold .  King Henry I refers to land "in Compton Greenfield which Gilbert fitz Turold held" in a charter dated to [1111 before 2 Apr][968]

 

 

 

B.      DESCENDANTS of WILLIAM FITZGODRIC

 

 

1.         GODRICm ---.  The name of Godric’s wife is not known.  Godric & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM FitzGodric (-before 1200).  "Willelmus filius Godrici" paid a fine for his marriage with "matre Johannis constabularii" in 1178[969]m ([1178]) as her fourth husband, AUBREYE de Lisours, widow firstly of RICHARD FitzEustache, secondly of WILLIAM de Clairfait, thirdly of GEOFFREY de Cauz, daughter of ROBERT de Lisours & his wife Aubreye [de Lacy] (-after Sep 1200).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family records that “Albreda vel Aubreia, filia Roberti Lisours, soror ex parte matris” succeeded on the death of “Robertus Lacy” and that she married “Richardus constabularius Cestriæ[970]Domesday Descendants records her second marriage but does not cite the corresponding primary source[971].  Her third marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 12 Nov 1177 under which the Templars and “Radulfum filium Stephani” settled a dispute concerning “unam carucatam terre in Roueston” which “Galfridus de Cauz” had given to “Albrede de Lisuriis uxori sue in dotem” and “terram que fuit Roberti fratris Gaufridi de Cauz in Ruueston[972].  "Willelmus filius Godrici" paid a fine for his marriage with "matre Johannis constabularii" in 1178[973].  A charter dated 1194 records a final agreement relating to a dispute between “Albredam de Lisores et Rogerum constabularium Cestrie nepotem suum” concerning the land of “Roberti de Lasci”, also naming “Roberti de Lisores patris ipsius Albrede” and “Willelmus filius prefate Albrede[974].  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM FitzWilliam .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1331 under which “Willielmus filius Willielmi dominus de Sprotburgh” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Albredæ de Lisours…Johannis constabularii Cestriæ filii dictæ Albredæ…Willielmi filii Willielmi, filii et hæredis prædictæ Albredæ de Lisours…"[975].  A charter dated 1194 records a final agreement relating to a dispute between “Albredam de Lisores et Rogerum constabularium Cestrie nepotem suum” concerning the land of “Roberti de Lasci”, also naming “Roberti de Lisores patris ipsius Albrede” and “Willelmus filius prefate Albrede[976]m AVICE de Tanai, daughter of ---.  Roger Archbishop of York confirmed donations made to Hampole Priory by “Willielmi de Clarafai et Aviciæ de Tanai uxoris suæ et Albrede de Lisurs” by undated charter witnessed by "Hugone de Tilli avunculo meo…"[977].  William & his wife had two children: 

(a)       WILLIAM FitzWilliam (-[9 Feb 1219/1224]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1331 under which “Willielmus filius Willielmi dominus de Sprotburgh” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Albredæ de Lisours…Johannis constabularii Cestriæ filii dictæ Albredæ…Willielmi filii Willielmi, filii et hæredis prædictæ Albredæ de Lisours…Matildis quondam uxoris suæ…"[978].  

-         see below

(b)       SIBYLLA .  “Radulphus de Tilli filius Radulphi de Tilli et Sibillæ de Clerefai” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Avicia de Tanai avia mea et Sibilla mater mea" by undated charter[979].  “Rogerus de Tilli filius Radulfi de Tilli, et Sibillæ de Clerefai” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Avicia de Taneia avia mea et Sibilla mater mea", as also confirmed by "Radulphus de Tilli frater meus", by undated charter witnessed by "Hugone de Tilli avunculo meo…"[980].  Roger Archbishop of York confirmed donations made to Hampole Priory by “Willielmi de Clarafai et Aviciæ de Tanai uxoris suæ et Albrede de Lisurs” by undated charter witnessed by "Hugone de Tilli avunculo meo…"[981]m RALPH de Tilly, son of ---. 

 

 

WILLIAM FitzWilliam, son of WILLIAM FitzWilliam & his wife Avice de Tanai (-[9 Feb 1219/1224]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1331 under which “Willielmus filius Willielmi dominus de Sprotburgh” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Albredæ de Lisours…Johannis constabularii Cestriæ filii dictæ Albredæ…Willielmi filii Willielmi, filii et hæredis prædictæ Albredæ de Lisours…Matildis quondam uxoris suæ…"[982]

m [firstly] MATILDA, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1331 under which “Willielmus filius Willielmi dominus de Sprotburgh” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "…Willielmi filii Willielmi, filii et hæredis prædictæ Albredæ de Lisours…Matildis quondam uxoris suæ…"[983].  The order of the apparent two marriages of William FitzWilliam is not known, nor which was wife was the mother of his son. 

m [secondly] ELA de Warenne, widow of ROBERT de Newburn, daughter of HAMELIN d’Anjou Earl of Surrey & his [second] wife Isabel de Warenne of Surrey.  The Complete Peerage names “Ela” as daughter of Earl William and her husbands firstly “Robert de Newburn of whom nothing is known” and secondly “William FitzWilliam of Sprotborough”, but does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[984].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.   The order of the apparent two marriages of William FitzWilliam is not known, nor which was wife was the mother of his son. 

William & his [first/second] wife had one child: 

1.         THOMAS FitzWilliam (-after 1266).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1331 under which “Willielmus filius Willielmi dominus de Sprotburgh” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Albredæ de Lisours…Johannis constabularii Cestriæ filii dictæ Albredæ…Willielmi filii Willielmi, filii et hæredis prædictæ Albredæ de Lisours…Matildis quondam uxoris suæ…Thomæ filii Willielmi…Willielmi filii Thomæ, domini de Sprotburgh, patris mei"[985].  Lord of Spotborough.  m AGNES Bertram, daughter of ROGER Bertram & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are stated by Barron, who does not cite the corresponding primary source[986].  Thomas & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM FitzThomas (-[1293/94]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1331 under which “Willielmus filius Willielmi dominus de Sprotburgh” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Albredæ de Lisours…Johannis constabularii Cestriæ filii dictæ Albredæ…Willielmi filii Willielmi, filii et hæredis prædictæ Albredæ de Lisours…Matildis quondam uxoris suæ…Thomæ filii Willielmi…Willielmi filii Thomæ, domini de Sprotburgh, patris mei"[987]m ISABEL, daughter of --- (-after 1342).  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM FitzWilliam (-[11 Apr 1340/1342]).  “Willielmus filius Willielmi dominus de Sprotburgh” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Albredæ de Lisours…Johannis constabularii Cestriæ filii dictæ Albredæ…Willielmi filii Willielmi, filii et hæredis prædictæ Albredæ de Lisours…Matildis quondam uxoris suæ…Thomæ filii Willielmi…Willielmi filii Thomæ, domini de Sprotburgh, patris mei" by charter dated 1331[988]

-         FITZWILLIAM FAMILY[989]

 

 

 

C.      FAMILY of OTES FITZWILLIAM in ESSEX and SUFFOLK

 

 

1.         OTES FitzWilliam (-before [1200]).  “Robert Fitzharding” notified his grant of “land of Combe” to “his brother Helyas” by charter dated to [1150/60], witnessed by “Domina Eva, Maurice, Nicholas and Robert his sons...Otho son of William...[990]m MARGARET, daughter of [ROBERT FitzHarding & his wife Eva ---] (-after [1200]).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the undated charter under which “Mauritius de Gant” donated revenue from land "in manerio de Dersleia…quam emi de Margareta matertera mea quæ fuit uxor Othonis filii Willielmi" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s[991].  The word “matertera” is normally translated by “maternal aunt”.  However, it is unlikely that Margaret was the sister of Avice de Gant, mother of Maurice de Gant, who appears to have been the only child by her father’s first marriage.  In addition, Margaret’s husband and Margaret herself are named in charters of the FitzHarding/Berkeley family which are quoted in this section.  It is more likely therefore that Margaret was Maurice’s paternal aunt.  “John de Wodeford” granted land in Nibley, Gloucestershire (“in Nubbeleia”), which he had recovered “contra Dom. Margaretam quondam uxorem Othonis fil. Willelmi”, to “Dom. Juliana de Ponte Arche wife of Robert de Berkeleia” by charter dated to [1200][992].    

 

 

2.         OTES FitzWilliam of Essex (-after 1232).  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Middlesex, dated 1232, which include "Oto filius Willelmi tenet manerium de Lilleston per seriantiam inveniendi le Coing Londonie..."[993]m (after 18 Aug 1219) as her second husband, MATILDA, widow of JAMES de Neufmarché, daughter of --- (-after 9 Aug 1217).  "Otto son of William" paid a fine to marry "Matilda, who was the wife of James de Neufmarché, if she will give her assent", dated 18 Aug 1219[994].  Otes & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM FitzOtes (-before 24 Jun 1261).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 24 Jun "45 Hen III" following the death of "William son of Otto" name “Thomas son of Otho his brother aged 30 or more is his heir” and his manors “Belchamp Otten, Gosfeud and Gestlingethorp” in Essex[995]

b)         THOMAS FitzOtes of Mendlesham, Suffolk ([before 1230]-before 23 Mar 1274).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 23 Mar "2 Edw I" following the death of "Thomas son of Otto" name “Otto his son aged 10 at the feast of St Michael 2 Edw I is his heir” and name “Beatrice late the wife of the said Thomas[996].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 28 Jun "10 Edw I" following the death of "Thomas son of Otto” name “his three daughters Joan aged 14, Maud aged 11 and Beatrice age 8, are his next heirs[997]m (before 1263) as her first husband, BEATRICE de Beauchamp, daughter of WILLIAM de Beauchamp Baron of Bedford & his second wife Ida Longespée of Salisbury (-before 30 Sep 1285).  By order dated 10 Jan 1267 the king, following the death of "Johannes de Bello Campo inimici nostri interfecti apud Evesham", accepted the homage of "Matillis de Moubray et Thome filii Ottonis et Beatricis de Bello Campo uxoris sue, neptarum et heredum Johanne de Bello Campo nuper defuncte" for two parts of his lands[998].  A writ dated 4 Oct "23 Edw I", after the death of "Isabel late the wife of Simon de Bello Campo" refers to "Wottone, the manor…held in dower, by the assignment of the said Simon with the consent of William de Bello Campo his father, of the heirs of the barony of Bedford", and names as heirs "of the said barony, Roger aged 30 and more, son of Maud de Moubray sister of the said Simon, Joan the wife of Ralph Paynel, aged 30, daughter of Ela sister of the said Simon, Isabel the wife of Simon de Pateshulle aged 24, daughter of Ida daughter of the same Ela, and Elizabeth the wife of John de Horbur aged 34, daughter of the same Ela, are parceners with the heirs of the body of Beatrice sometime sister of the said Simon", adding that Beatrice had married "first to Thomas son of Otto, who had by her a son named Otto now deceased, and a daughter named Maud now aged 26 years and the wife of John Botetourte…after the death of the said Thomas she was married to William de Montecanyso of Edwardestone who had by her a son named William, who if he survives as the jury believe, is 12 years old and more"[999].  She married secondly William [II] de Munchensy.  Thomas & his wife had four children: 

i)          OTES FitzThomas (29 Sep 1263-before 28 Jun 1281).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 23 Mar "2 Edw I" following the death of "Thomas son of Otto" name “Otto his son aged 10 at the feast of St Michael 2 Edw I is his heir” and name “Beatrice late the wife of the said Thomas[1000].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 28 Jun "10 Edw I" following the death of "Thomas son of Otto” name “his three daughters Joan aged 14, Maud aged 11 and Beatrice age 8, are his next heirs[1001].  It is supposed that these later inquisitions were held after the death of Otes.  A writ dated 4 Oct "23 Edw I", after the death of "Isabel late the wife of Simon de Bello Campo" refers to "Wottone, the manor…held in dower, by the assignment of the said Simon with the consent of William de Bello Campo his father, of the heirs of the barony of Bedford", and names as her surviving heirs "…with the heirs of the body of Beatrice sometime sister of the said Simon", adding that Beatrice had married "first to Thomas son of Otto, who had by her a son named Otto now deceased, and a daughter named Maud now aged 26 years and the wife of John Botetourte…"[1002]

ii)         JOAN (1266/67]-).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 28 Jun "10 Edw I" following the death of "Thomas son of Otto” name “his three daughters Joan aged 14, Maud aged 11 and Beatrice age 8, are his next heirs[1003]

iii)        MATILDA ([1268/69]-after 28 May 1329).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 28 Jun "10 Edw I" following the death of "Thomas son of Otto” name “his three daughters Joan aged 14, Maud aged 11 and Beatrice age 8, are his next heirs[1004].  A writ dated 4 Oct "23 Edw I", after the death of "Isabel late the wife of Simon de Bello Campo" refers to "Wottone, the manor…held in dower, by the assignment of the said Simon with the consent of William de Bello Campo his father, of the heirs of the barony of Bedford", and names as her surviving heirs "…with the heirs of the body of Beatrice sometime sister of the said Simon", adding that Beatrice had married "first to Thomas son of Otto, who had by her a son named Otto now deceased, and a daughter named Maud now aged 26 years and the wife of John Botetourte…"[1005]m ([1 Jul 1285/Jun 1292]) JOHN Botetourt, son of [GUY Botetourt of Ellingham, Norfolk & his wife ---] ([1265]-25 Nov 1324).  He was summoned to parliament in 1305, whereby he is held to have become Lord Botetourt.  Lord of Mendlesham, Suffolk, in right of his wife. 

iv)       BEATRICE ([1272/73]-).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 28 Jun "10 Edw I" following the death of "Thomas son of Otto” name “his three daughters Joan aged 14, Maud aged 11 and Beatrice age 8, are his next heirs[1006]

 

 

 

 

FLAMVILLE (FLAMENVILLE)

 

 

1.         HUGUES de Flamenville (-after 1074).  "Hugo de Flamenvilla" sold property "quam tenebat de domino suo Rodulfo de Warethana in Amundi Villæ…et in Maltevilla…[et] in Flamenvilla" by undated charter which also records that later "supra memoratus Rodulfus et uxor eius…Emma ac filii eorum Rodulfus et Willelmus" confirmed the agreement, signed by "…ipsius Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Rotberti filii eius, Gisleberti filii eiusdem…"[1007].  "Quidam miles de la Bruere…Alveredus, annuente Adheliza uxore sua" sold "decimas…in Maltevilla et Amunde Villa" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, with the consent of "Wido comes et Rodulfus de Warethna cum uxore sua…Emma", by undated charter, signed by "…Goiffredi fratris Alveredi, Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Roberti filii eius…"[1008].  "…Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Rainaldi, Guillelmi, filiorum eius, Gisleberti clerici, Leudonis" signed the charter dated 1074 under which "Rodulfus de Warenna eiusque conjux…Emma cum filiis suis Rodulfo…atque Willelmo" sold land in "quattuor villarum Caletensis pagi, Maltevillæ…Flamenvillæ, Amundi Villæ et Anglicevillæ" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, as well as "totius Osulfi Villæ eiusdem Caletensis pagi" sold by "Guillelmo filio Rogerii filii Hugonis episcopi"[1009]m ---.  The name of Hugues’s wife is not known.  Hugues & his wife had four children: 

a)         ROBERT de Flamenville .  "Hugo de Flamenvilla" sold property "quam tenebat de domino suo Rodulfo de Warethana in Amundi Villæ…et in Maltevilla…[et] in Flamenvilla" by undated charter which also records that later "supra memoratus Rodulfus et uxor eius…Emma ac filii eorum Rodulfus et Willelmus" confirmed the agreement, signed by "…ipsius Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Rotberti filii eius, Gisleberti filii eiusdem…"[1010].  "Quidam miles de la Bruere…Alveredus, annuente Adheliza uxore sua" sold "decimas…in Maltevilla et Amunde Villa" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, with the consent of "Wido comes et Rodulfus de Warethna cum uxore sua…Emma", by undated charter, signed by "…Goiffredi fratris Alveredi, Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Roberti filii eius…"[1011]

b)         GILBERT de Flamenville .  "Hugo de Flamenvilla" sold property "quam tenebat de domino suo Rodulfo de Warethana in Amundi Villæ…et in Maltevilla…[et] in Flamenvilla" by undated charter which also records that later "supra memoratus Rodulfus et uxor eius…Emma ac filii eorum Rodulfus et Willelmus" confirmed the agreement, signed by "…ipsius Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Rotberti filii eius, Gisleberti filii eiusdem…"[1012]

c)         RAINALD de Flamenville (-after 1074).  "…Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Rainaldi, Guillelmi, filiorum eius, Gisleberti clerici, Leudonis" signed the charter dated 1074 under which "Rodulfus de Warenna eiusque conjux…Emma cum filiis suis Rodulfo…atque Willelmo" sold land in "quattuor villarum Caletensis pagi, Maltevillæ…Flamenvillæ, Amundi Villæ et Anglicevillæ" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, as well as "totius Osulfi Villæ eiusdem Caletensis pagi" sold by "Guillelmo filio Rogerii filii Hugonis episcopi"[1013]

d)         GUILLAUME de Flamenville (-after 1074).  "…Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Rainaldi, Guillelmi, filiorum eius, Gisleberti clerici, Leudonis" signed the charter dated 1074 under which "Rodulfus de Warenna eiusque conjux…Emma cum filiis suis Rodulfo…atque Willelmo" sold land in "quattuor villarum Caletensis pagi, Maltevillæ…Flamenvillæ, Amundi Villæ et Anglicevillæ" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, as well as "totius Osulfi Villæ eiusdem Caletensis pagi" sold by "Guillelmo filio Rogerii filii Hugonis episcopi"[1014]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         ROBERT de Flamville .  He may have been the same person as Robert de Flamenville who is named above. 

2.         --- de Flamville .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         ERNEBURGA .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the 1130 Pipe Roll which records "Hugo de Hasting" in Leicestershire after his marriage to "nepte Rob de Flamenvilla"[1015]m (before 1130) HUGH de Hastings, son of --- (-1163 or before). 

 

 

1.         ROGER de Flamville (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rogs de Flamenvilla" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[1016]

 

 

1.         ROGER de Flamville (-after 1167).  The chronology of his marriage makes it improbable that this was the same Roger de Flamville who was recorded in the 1130 Pipe Roll.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Rogerus de Flamville" holding "viii militum et dimidium" in Yorkshire from Roger de Mowbray in 1166[1017]m as her first husband, IVETA de Arches, daughter and heiress of WILLIAM de Arches & his wife --- (-after 1192).  “Iveta de Arches, uxor domini Rogeri de Flamevilla” confirmed her husband’s donations to Malton priory by undated charter[1018].  “Jueta de Arches” donated property, formerly held by “Willelmus de Archis pater meus”, to the church of St Peter, York by charter dated to [1167/90][1019].  She married secondly Adam de Brus.  “Juetta de Arches” granted property to “Isabelle de Brus filie mee” by charter dated to 1192[1020].  Roger & his wife had three children: 

a)         HUGH de Flamville (-before 1214).  “Willelmus de Percy de Kildale” confirmed a donation by “Robertus de Brus…de feodo Ernulfi de Percy avi mei” to Gysborn priory, for the soul of “Agnetis uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1171/95], witnessed by “…Hugone de Flamevilla…Henrico de Percy…[1021].  [The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Hugo Flammanuilla" owing "x li. pro habenda custodia sororis sue cum terra sua que fuit uxor Roberti de Aistan" in Norfolk & Suffolk[1022].]  "Alanus de Flamville" paid a fine relating to a claim "inter Elyam patrem predicti Alani cujus heres ipse est" and "Hug de Flamvill cujus heredes Matill de Flamville et Agn soror eius sunt", dated 1214[1023]

b)         MATILDA de Flamville (-after 1214).  "Hugo de Flamvill" confirmed donations to Old Malton "antequam sororem meam Matildem Flamvill Roberto de Hastinges in matrimonium dederam" by undated charter[1024].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Hugo Flammanuilla" owing "x li. pro habenda custodia sororis sue cum terra sua que fuit uxor Roberti de Aistan" in Norfolk & Suffolk[1025].  "Alanus de Flamville" paid a fine relating to a claim "inter Elyam patrem predicti Alani cujus heres ipse est" and "Hug de Flamvill cujus heredes Matill de Flamville et Agn soror eius sunt", dated 1214[1026].  An Inspeximus dated 2 Mar 1270 quotes the charter under which Henry I King of England granted the lands of “Robertus filius Walteri de Wyndesora...patris sui” to “Willelmo filio predicti Roberti” (the charter referred to above), the charter under which King Henry II reconfirmed the grant, the charter of King Richard I which confirmed to “Henrico de Cornhell, Aliciam filiam et heredem Roberti de Hasting...uxorem [suam]”, and “confirmation of the same in favour of Matthew de Loveyne cousin and heir of the said William, Henry and Alice and his heirs[1027]m ROBERT de Hastings, son of WILLIAM FitzRobert de Windsor & his wife Helwise de Guerres (-before [1194/95]). 

c)         AGNES de Flamville (-after 1214).  “Willelmus de Percy de Kildale” confirmed a donation by “Robertus de Brus…de feodo Ernulfi de Percy avi mei” to Gysborn priory, for the soul of “Agnetis uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1171/95], witnessed by “…Hugone de Flamevilla…Henrico de Percy…[1028].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1219, by "Walterus de Percy" against "Magistrum hospitalis Sancti Leonardi de Eboraco" concerning "terre…in Martona" of which "Agnes de Flamnanvilla mater sua…Joannem le Birkin quondam virum ipsius Agnetis" was seised[1029]m firstly WILLIAM de Percy of Kildale, son of ROBERT Percy & his wife Agnes --- (-1202).  m secondly JOHN le Birkin, son of ---.

 

 

1.         ELIAS de Flamville (-before 1214).  m ---.  The name of Elias’s wife is not known.  Elias & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALAN de Flamville .  "Alanus de Flamville" paid a fine relating to a claim "inter Elyam patrem predicti Alani cujus heres ipse est" and "Hug de Flamvill cujus heredes Matill de Flamville et Agn soror eius sunt", dated 1214[1030]

 

 

Four siblings: 

1.         WILLIAM de Flamville (-before 1219).  m as her first husband, ---, daughter of ---.  She married secondly (before 1219) Walter de Burdun.  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "quedam domina que fuit uxor Willelmi de Flamvill…maritata est Waltero de Burdun" holding land in Northumberland[1031].  

2.         daughter .  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Michael filius Michaelis et W[illelmus] Batayle et Radulfus de Glentedone" holding "cum sororibus Willelmi de Flamaville, medietatem de Wytingeham" in Northumberland in [1210/12][1032]m (before [1210/12]) MICHAEL FitzMichael, son of MICHAEL & his wife ---. 

3.         daughter .  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Michael filius Michaelis et W[illelmus] Batayle et Radulfus de Glentedone" holding "cum sororibus Willelmi de Flamaville, medietatem de Wytingeham" in Northumberland in [1210/12][1033]m (before [1210/12]) WILLIAM de Bataille, son of --- (-after 1219).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Willelmus Bataille", married to "quondam dominam…soror Willelmi Flamvull", holding land in Northumberland[1034].  

4.         daughter .  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Michael filius Michaelis et W[illelmus] Batayle et Radulfus de Glentedone" holding "cum sororibus Willelmi de Flamaville, medietatem de Wytingeham" in Northumberland in [1210/12][1035]m (before [1210/12]) RALPH de Glentedon, son of ---. 

 

 

 

*

FOLIOT

 

 

Loyd says that the Foliot family “seems to have originated in the Cotentin and western Normandy”[1036]

 

 

1.         RENAUD Foliot (-after [1060]).  "…Ingulfus dapifer, Rogerius filius Toraldi, Unfredus filius Ansquitilli, Rainaldus Foliot, Ricardus de Sturavilla, Gosfridus filius Rotberti Venatoris, Nigellus de Glanvilla, Rodulfus camerarius…Serlus filius Alveredi, Ricardus Britesonis filius" witnessed the charter dated to [1060] under which "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier[1037]

 

 

Three brothers: 

1.         ROBERT Foliot (-[1150]).  A charter dated to [1124/30] records a claim by "Robertus Foliot et Paganus et Helyas fratres sui" against Ramsey abbey relating to “divisis de Crancfeld et de Craule[1038]m --- de Chesney, daughter of ROGER [I] de Chesney & his wife Alice de Langetot.  Her son Gilbert Foliot refers to Robert de Chesney Bishop of Lincoln as his uncle in a letter[1039].  If “uncle” can be interpreted in its strict meaning, Gilbert’s mother must have been one of Robert’s sisters, maybe one of the sisters who are named above.  Domesday Descendants refers to her as “Agnes de Chesney” but does not provide the basis for this statement[1040].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

a)         --- Foliot (-before Feb 1187).  m ---.  One child: 

i)          GILBERT Foliot .  “Gilbertus Foliot” donated part of “ecclesie de Urvilla [Vauville], cujus advocatio jure hereditario ad me pertinet” to Cérisy abbey, with the advice of (and witnessed by) “patrui mei domini Gileberti Lu[n]donensis episcopi”, by undated charter (dated to 1163/87)[1041]

b)         GILBERT Foliot (-Feb 1187).  Monk of Cluny.  Prebendary of Newington in the cathedral of St Paul.  Abbot of Gloucester 1139[1042]Bishop of Hereford 1148.  Bishop of London 1163. 

2.         PAIN Foliot .  A charter dated to [1124/30] records a claim by "Robertus Foliot et Paganus et Helyas fratres sui" against Ramsey abbey relating to “divisis de Crancfeld et de Craule[1043]

3.         HELIAS Foliot .  A charter dated to [1124/30] records a claim by "Robertus Foliot et Paganus et Helyas fratres sui" against Ramsey abbey relating to “divisis de Crancfeld et de Craule[1044]

 

 

It appears probable that the following family group was related to Gilbert Foliot Bishop of London, not only because another Gilbert Foliot may have been connected with Reginald Foliot, but also because of the quasi-hereditary nature of senior ecclesiastical appointments. 

 

1.         --- Foliotm [--- de Lee, daughter of --- de Lee & his wife ---.  Sister of Peter de Lee Bishop of St David’s from 1176 to 1198.  Her family origin is confirmed by the source quoted below, assuming that “avunculus” is interpreted as maternal uncle of Reginald Foliot.  Some details concerning the Lee family of Hughley, Shropshire are provided by Eyton, including the conditional donation of “capelle de Lega” made by “Petrus prior de Wenloke” (probably the future bishop) with the consent of “Thomas de Lega[1045].]  One child: 

a)         REGINALD Foliot .  Gerald of Wales’s De rebus a se gestis records the death in 1198 of “episcopus Menevensis” and the selection of four candidates to succeed him, one of whom was “Reginaldum Foliot qui Anglicus fuit”, a later passage repeating that “R. Foliot qui Herefordensis episcopi Willelmi de Ver notarius erat...ex Anglicis” was one of the candidates and was was “tamen Menevensis ecclesiæ canonicus”, a position to which “avunculus eius, sc. proximo defunctus episcopus” had appointed him[1046]

 

 

1.         GILBERT Foliot .  “...Hugh de Lee...Gilbert Foliot...” witnessed the charter dated to [1176] under which “Richard Tirel” granted land in Louth, Ireland to “Adam de Hereford[1047].  The presence of “Hugh de Lee” suggests a family connection between Gilbert Foliot and Reginald Foliot, named above, who was related to the Lee family. 

 

2.         HUGH Foliot .  “...Hugh Foliot...Alexander Foliot...” witnessed the charter dated to [1195] under which “Roger de Wigornia” donated “the church of Kiltevenan” to Oseney St Mary[1048]

 

3.         ALEXANDER Foliot .  “...Hugh Foliot...Alexander Foliot...” witnessed the charter dated to [1195] under which “Roger de Wigornia” donated “the church of Kiltevenan” to Oseney St Mary[1049].  “...Alexander Foliot...” witnessed the charter dated to [1199/1206] under which “Roger de Wiricestria” renounced rights “in the vill of Kiltevenan...” in favour of his brother Philip[1050]

 

4.         ADAM Foliot .  “...Hugh de Leghe...Adam Foliot...” witnessed the charter dated to [1210] which records an agreement between “Adam de Hereford and Henry de Hereford his nephew” concerning the division of property “in Ossory and Offalan [county Kildare][1051].  The presence of “Hugh de Lee” suggests a family connection between Adam Foliot and Reginald Foliot, named above, who was related to the Lee family. 

 

5.         HUGH Foliot (-1234).  Bishop of Hereford 1219.  Matthew Paris records the death in 1219 of “Hugo de Maneport episcopus Herefordensis circa Pascha”, the succession of “Hugo Foliot”, and the consecration of the latter “Cantuariæ festo Omnium Sanctorum[1052].  Matthew Paris records the death in 1234 of "Hugo Folioth Herefordensis antistes[1053]

 

 

1.         --- Foliot (-before 1130).  m ---.  One child: 

a)         PAIN Foliot .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Pagan Foliot" owing in respect of “terra patris sui” in Devonshire[1054].  

 

 

1.         ROGER Foliot (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rogero Foliot" in Huntingdonshire[1055]. 

 

2.         RALPH Foliot"…Gilleberti Pipard, Radulfi Foliot, Hugonis filii Milonis" witnessed an undated charter, dated to the reign of King Henry I, under which "Ricardi filium…Hugonem" confirmed the donation by "Ricardus filius Reinfredi" of land at "Brochestan" to Abingdon monastery[1056]

 

 

Four brothers: 

1.         RALPH Foliot (-[1204/05]).  “Radulphus Foliot" donated “ecclesiam de Fretewelle” to St Frideswide’s, Oxford, for the souls of “mea et Hawisiæ uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[1057]m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  “Radulphus Foliot" donated “ecclesiam de Fretewelle” to St Frideswide’s, Oxford, for the souls of “mea et Hawisiæ uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[1058]

2.         HENRY Foliot (-[1230/33]).  “Henricus Folioth” granted land “in villa de Shilton”, which “Radulphus F. frater meus primogenitus” gave to “Rogero fratri dicti R.”, to “Ricardo F.” by charter dated to [1200/10][1059].  “Henricus Foliot” quitclaimed “advocacionem eccl. de F[retewelle]” to Oxford St Frideswide by charter dated to [1220][1060].  m ---.  The name of Henry’s wife is not known.  Henry & his wife had one child: 

a)         SAMPSON Foliot (-after 1279).  “Sampson Folioth f. Henrici F.” confirmed his father’s donation of “terre in C. quam Rogerus F. ibidem tenuit et...in hamello de Solleye”, donated by “Ricardus F. predicte”, to Oxford St. Frideswide by charter dated to [1240][1061].  A charter dated 30 Jun 1241 recorded a final agreement relating to that donation[1062]

3.         ROGER Foliot .  “Henricus Folioth” granted land “in villa de Shilton”, which “Radulphus F. frater meus primogenitus” gave to “Rogero fratri dicti R.”, to “Ricardo F.” by charter dated to [1200/10][1063]

4.         RICHARD Foliot .  “Henricus Folioth” granted land “in villa de Shilton”, which “Radulphus F. frater meus primogenitus” gave to “Rogero fratri dicti R.”, to “Ricardo F.” by charter dated to [1200/10][1064].  “Ricardus Folioth” donated land “quam Rogerus F. frater meus tenuit in Solleye...quas terras Henricus F. michi dedit” to Oxford St. Frideswide, for the soul of “Matilde uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1210/20][1065]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  “Ricardus Folioth” donated land “quam Rogerus F. frater meus tenuit in Solleye...quas terras Henricus F. michi dedit” to Oxford St. Frideswide, for the soul of “Matilde uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1210/20][1066]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM [I] Foliot (-after 1089).  Robertus de Laceio” founded Pontefract Priory, for the soul of “Hylberti patris mei et Hawisiæ matris meæ”, and donated property including “in Kyrkeby...terræ de donatione W. Folioth”, by undated charter, dateable to the reign of King William II, witnessed by “...W. Folioth…[1067].  “...Willielmo Folioth...” subscribed the undated charter, dated to the reign of King Henry I, under which “Robertus de Laceio” donated property to Pontefract[1068].  “Robertus de Laceio” donated “dominium meum...Dodewrdam” to Pontefract by charter dated to [1112], witnessed by “...Willelmo Folioth...[1069].  “Hugo de la Val” donated land “ante castellum unam carucatam terræ de dono Willielmi Folioth” to Pontefract by undated charter subscribed by King Henry I[1070].  The editor of the Pontefract cartulary explains how this charter can be dated to 1122[1071].  “H. de Laval” donated “molendinum de villa Pontisfracti” to Pontefract by charter dated to after 1122, witnessed by “Willelmo Folioth et Ricardo Folioth filio eius...[1072]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         RICHARD [I] Foliot (-after 1122).  “H. de Laval” donated “molendinum de villa Pontisfracti” to Pontefract by charter dated to after 1122, witnessed by “Willelmo Folioth et Ricardo Folioth filio eius...[1073]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM [II] Foliot (-after [1135/40])The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo Foliot" in Yorkshire[1074].  "Domino Petro de Falcumberga, Andrea fratre eius, Willelmo Foliot…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Everardus de Wichie" quitclaimed rights in Catwick church to Pontefact St John[1075].  “Ilbertus de Laceio” confirmed the donation of “terram de Brackeneil...” made by his father to Pontefract by charter dated to [1135/40], witnessed by “...Willelmo Folioth...[1076]m as her second husband, AGNES Lady of Appleton, widow firstly of HERBERT de Saint Quintin, and secondly of ROBERT de Faucomberge of Rise and Catfoss, daughter of OSBERN de Arches & his wife ---.  “Agnes de Archis” donated property to Chilling, for the salvation of the soul of “domini mei Herberti de Sancto Quintino” and for the souls of “Walteri et Alani filiorum meorum”, by undated charter[1077].  William Archbishop of York confirmed donations to Chilling, at the request of “Agnetis matris Petri de Falcamberge et filiorum suorum Willielmi et Hugonis Foliot”, by undated charter[1078].  William [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         WILLIAM [III] Foliot .  William Archbishop of York confirmed donations to Chilling, at the request of “Agnetis matris Petri de Falcamberge et filiorum suorum Willielmi et Hugonis Foliot”, by undated charter[1079]

b)         HUGH Foliot .  William Archbishop of York confirmed donations to Chilling, at the request of “Agnetis matris Petri de Falcamberge et filiorum suorum Willielmi et Hugonis Foliot”, by undated charter[1080].  [“Hugo Foliot” donated land “in Barneby que fuit Thoraldi” to Pontefact, for the soul of “Henrici Foliot fratris mei”, by charter dated to [before 1165][1081].  It is not certain that this charter relates to Hugh, son of William [II].] 

c)         [HENRY Foliot .  “Hugo Foliot” donated land “in Barneby que fuit Thoraldi” to Pontefact, for the soul of “Henrici Foliot fratris mei”, by charter dated to [before 1165][1082].] 

 

 

Five brothers, parents not identified.  The date range of their careers suggests that they were not the sons of William [I] Foliot.  It is unlikely they were the sons of William [II] by his known wife Agnes, who named her two sons after the death of her husband (see above).  It is possible that Jordan, Pain and Richard were sons of William [II] by an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage. 

1.         JORDAN [I] Foliot (-before [1190]).  “…Richardo de Foliot, Iurdano et Pagano fratribus suis…” witnessed the charter dated to [1135] under which Lucia cometissa” donated “manerium de Spallingis...cum quibus melius tenui et liberalius tempore Ivonis de Thallebos et Rogeri filii Geroldi et cometis Rannulfi” by charter dated to [1135][1083].  “Henricus de Laceio” donated “villulam meam de Kelinglaiam” to Pontefact by charter dated to [1154], witnessed by “...Jordano Folioth et H. fratre eius...[1084].  “Jordanus Folioth” donated “West-molendinum de Nortuna” to Pontefact by charter dated 1159, witnessed by “Willelmo Foliot...[1085].  “Henricus de Lasci” donated property to Pontefact by charter dated 1159, witnessed by “...Jordano Folioth que dedit prefate ecclesie eadem die unum toftum in Pontefracto, et Henrico fratre suo...[1086].  “Jordanus Folioth” donated “West-molendinum de Nortuna” to Pontefact, with the consent of “Beatricis uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1160], witnessed by “Beatrice uxor mea...[1087].  “Willelmus Foliot” donated “terra Rainaldi de Gazra” to Pontefact, for the souls of “fratrum meorum Jordani et Henrici et Pagani et Ricardi”, by charter dated to [1173], witnessed by “frater meus Jordanus Folioth...[1088]m BEATRICE, daughter of ---.  “Jordanus Folioth” donated “West-molendinum de Nortuna” to Pontefact, with the consent of “Beatricis uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1160], witnessed by “Beatrice uxor mea...[1089].  Jordan [I] & his wife had one child:

a)         JORDAN [II] Foliot .  “Jordanus Foliot, filius Jordani Foliot” confirmed all donations to Pontefract made by “antecessores mei” by charter dated to [1190], witnessed by “...Roberto Foliot...[1090].  “...Jordano Folioth...” witnessed the charter dated to [1216] under which “Johannes filius Symone patre meo” confirmed donations to Pontefract[1091]

2.         HENRY Foliot (-after [1190]).  “Henricus de Laceio” donated “villulam meam de Kelinglaiam” to Pontefact by charter dated to [1154], witnessed by “...Jordano Folioth et H. fratre eius...[1092].  “Henricus de Lasci” donated property to Pontefact by charter dated 1159, witnessed by “...Jordano Folioth que dedit prefate ecclesie eadem die unum toftum in Pontefracto, et Henrico fratre suo...[1093].  “Willelmus Foliot” donated “terra Rainaldi de Gazra” to Pontefact, for the souls of “fratrum meorum Jordani et Henrici et Pagani et Ricardi”, by charter dated to [1173], witnessed by “frater meus Jordanus Folioth...[1094].  “Ilbertus de Lasci filius Roberti de Lasci” donated “terre in Barneby” to Pontefract, for the salvation of “mee et domini mei Henrici Folioth”, by charter dated to [1190][1095]

3.         WILLIAM [IV] Foliot (-after [1173]).  “Jordanus Folioth” donated “West-molendinum de Nortuna” to Pontefact by charter dated 1159, witnessed by “Willelmo Foliot...[1096].  “Willelmus Foliot” donated “terra Rainaldi de Gazra” to Pontefact, for the souls of “fratrum meorum Jordani et Henrici et Pagani et Ricardi”, by charter dated to [1173], witnessed by “frater meus Jordanus Folioth...[1097]

4.         PAIN Foliot…Richardo de Foliot, Iurdano et Pagano fratribus suis…” witnessed the charter dated to [1135] under which Lucia cometissa” donated “manerium de Spallingis...cum quibus melius tenui et liberalius tempore Ivonis de Thallebos et Rogeri filii Geroldi et cometis Rannulfi” by charter dated to [1135][1098].  “Willelmus Foliot” donated “terra Rainaldi de Gazra” to Pontefact, for the souls of “fratrum meorum Jordani et Henrici et Pagani et Ricardi”, by charter dated to [1173], witnessed by “frater meus Jordanus Folioth...[1099]

5.         RICHARD [II] Foliot…Richardo de Foliot, Iurdano et Pagano fratribus suis…” witnessed the charter dated to [1135] under which Lucia cometissa” donated “manerium de Spallingis...cum quibus melius tenui et liberalius tempore Ivonis de Thallebos et Rogeri filii Geroldi et cometis Rannulfi” by charter dated to [1135][1100].  “Willelmus Foliot” donated “terra Rainaldi de Gazra” to Pontefact, for the souls of “fratrum meorum Jordani et Henrici et Pagani et Ricardi”, by charter dated to [1173], witnessed by “frater meus Jordanus Folioth...[1101]

 

 

1.         RICHARD [III] Foliot (-after [1173]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "de feodo quod fuit Ricardi Foliot quod Robertus filius Ricardi tenet, iv milites" in Gloucestershire[1102].  “Ricardus Foliot” granted “terram de Accatona et terram de Hanam et...de Hamtona” to “Mauricio filio Roberti filio Hardingi” by charter dated to before 1173, witnessed by “...Jurdano filio Hardingi et Helya filio Hardingi...[1103]

 

 

1.         --- Foliot m --- Basset, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which "Osmundus Basseth" donated "duo molendina de Wodeforde" to Gloucester St Peter, with the consent of "Roberti Folioth nepotis et hæredis mei", for the souls of "mea et Ingridæ uxoris meæ"[1104]

a)         ROBERT Foliot .  "Osmundus Basseth" donated "duo molendina de Wodeforde" to Gloucester St Peter, with the consent of "Roberti Folioth nepotis et hæredis mei", for the souls of "mea et Ingridæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[1105]

 

 

1.         RICHARD [IV] Foliot .  The parentage of Richard [IV] has not been traced.  m --- Bardolf, daughter of HUGH [I] Bardolf & his [first wife Isabel ---].  The Complete Peerage shows her parentage and marriage, citing the Cartulary of Barlings[1106].  Richard [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         JORDAN [III] Foliot (-before Mar 1236).  “Jord Foliot Isold de Gray et Rad Paynel” swore homage for the lands of “Robti Bardulf avunculi sui”, and accepted security from “Robto Lupo loco Matild Bardulf matris sue que est una herederum predicti Roberti”, dated 1 Jul 1225[1107].  “...Jordanus Foliot...” witnessed the charter dated to [1239] under which “Avicia filia Laurencii clerici de Dardingtona” donated “terra...de Dardingtona” to Pontefract[1108].  “Domino Jordano Folioth, Ricardo filio suo...” witnessed the charter dated to [1240] under which “Theobaldus de Stubbis” donated “terram...Adelstancroft” to Pontefract[1109]m ---.  The name of Jordan’s wife is not known.  Jordan [III] & his wife had one child: 

i)          RICHARD [V] Foliot of Norton, Fenton, Grimston and Wello, Nottinghamshire (-Mar 1299).  “Ric Foliot fil et heres...[qd] Jordani [Foliot]” had livery of his father’s lands, including land in Hoo, Kent, dated 5 Mar 1236[1110].  “Domino Jordano Folioth, Ricardo filio suo...” witnessed the charter dated to [1240] under which “Theobaldus de Stubbis” donated “terram...Adelstancroft” to Pontefract[1111].  The prior of Pontefract notified that a grant of property to “domino Ricardo Folyot”, which he held “ex dono domini Jordani Folyot”, by undated charter[1112].  “Domino Ricardo Foliot, domino Jordano Foliot...” witnessed the undated charter under which “Adam de Novo Mercato filius Johannis de Novo Mercato” donated “locum beati Nicholai de Cobbecroft” to Pontefract for the soul of “Johanne uxoris mee[1113]m MARGERY Stuteville, daughter of WILLIAM de Stuteville of Gressenhall, Elsing, East Lexham, Weasenham and Cowesby, Norfolk & his wife Margery de Say.  Her parentage and marriage are shown in the Complete Peerage[1114].  Richard [V] & his wife had one child: 

(1)       JORDAN [IV] Foliot ([1248/49]-before 2 May 1299).  By writ of certiorari dated 20 Aug "3 Edw I", following the death of "Robert de Stutevill", "Jordan Folyot" complained that the escheator had ejected him from the lands of “the said Robert his uncle deceased whose heir he is[1115].  He was summoned to parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord Foliot. 

-         see below

 

 

JORDAN [IV] Foliot, son of RICHARD [V] Foliot & his wife Margery Stuteville ([1248/49]-before 2 May 1299).  By writ of certiorari dated 20 Aug "3 Edw I", following the death of "Robert de Stutevill", "Jordan Folyot" complained that the escheator had ejected him from the lands of “the said Robert his uncle deceased whose heir he is[1116].  He was summoned to parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord Foliot. 

m MARGERY de Neufmarché, daughter of ADAM de Neufmarché of Womersley, Campsall and Bentley, Yorkshire & his wife --- (-18 Apr 1330, bur Wendling Abbey). 

Jordan [IV] & his wife had children: 

1.         RICHARD [VI] Foliot (25 Dec 1283-before 23 Jul 1317)m as her second husband, JOAN de Breuse, widow of JAMES de Bohun of Maddenstown, co. Kildare, daughter of WILLIAM de Breuse & his first wife --- (-before 23 Jun 1324).  Richard [VI] & his wife had three children: 

a)         RICHARD [VII] Foliot (-29 May 1325)m as her first husband, ELIZABETH de Segrave, daughter of JOHN de Segrave & his wife Julienne de Sandwiz (-11 Dec 1335, bur Sheppey, Minster Church).  She married secondly as his second wife, Roger de Northwode of Norwood, Kent. 

b)         MARGERY Foliot ([1312/13]-8 Aug 1349, bur Doncaster, Church of the Friars Minor)m (before 18 May 1330) HUGH de Hastings, son of JOHN de Hastings & his second wife Isabel le Despencer ([1310]-29/30 Jul 1347, bur Elsing, Norfolk)

c)         MARGARET Foliot ([1313/14]-)m as his first wife, JOHN de Camoys, son of RALPH de Camoys & his second wife Elizabeth ---. 

 

 

 

 

FORZ

 

 

WILLIAM de Forz, son of GUILLAUME de Forz Comte d’Aumâle & his wife Hawise Ctss d’Aumâle (-29 Mar 1241).  The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d’Angleterre records that "Aubemalle…Havi le contesse" married successively "le conte de Mandeville…Guillaumes" by whom she was childless, "Guillaume de Fors" by whom she had "i fills…Guillaumes", and thirdly "Bauduin de Biethune"[1117].  The Cronicon Cumbriæ names “Hawysiam” as the child of “Willielmus Grossus comes Albemarliæ” and his wife, adding that he was succeeded by “Willielmus de Fortibus comes Albemarliæ”, in turn succeeded by “alter Willielmus de Fortibus”, and the latter by “Avelina” who married “Edmondo fratri domini Regis E” and died childless[1118].  Lord of Holderness.  He succeeded as titular Comte d'Aumâle.  “Willielmus comes de Albamare filius Hawisæ comitissæ de Albamare” donated property to Garendon Abbey by undated charter[1119].  He was one of the 25 conservators of Magna Carta[1120].  Matthew of Paris records that he died in the Mediterranean[1121]

m (1214) AVELINE de Montfichet, daughter of RICHARD de Montfichet, of Stansted, Essex & his wife Milicent --- (-[Nov] 1239, bur Thornton Abbey).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Melsa Abbey records that “Willielmum de Forz secundum” married “Avelinam…filiam…Ricardi de Munfichet[1122].  Matthew of Paris records the death in 1239 of "Aveline de Forz Ctss d'Aumâle"[1123].  An undated writ "52 Hen III", after the death of "Richard de Muntfichet", records that "he had 3 sisters, Margery, Avelina and Philippa…from Avelina issued William de Fortibus earl of Albemarle whose heirs are under age and in the king’s wardship"[1124].  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother", names as heirs of "Richard de Munfichet…his three sisters…the second sister Avelina married William de Forz earl of Albemarle, and from them issued William de Forz the last earl of Albemarle, who had two sons Thomas and William who died without heirs of their bodies…" and the declaring the descendants of the sisters of Aveline de Montfichet as heirs of Aveline de Forz[1125]

William & his wife had one child: 

1.         WILLIAM de Forz ([1214/15]-Amiens 23 May 1260, bur Meaux Abbey).  Henry III King of England confirmed that "Willelmus de Fotz, comes Aubemarle" had transferred "Willelmum filium suum primogenitam" as a hostage in return for receiving "castrum nostrum de Salvat", dated 17 Dec 1216[1126].  The Cronicon Cumbriæ names “Hawysiam” as the child of “Willielmus Grossus comes Albemarliæ” and his wife, adding that he was succeeded by “Willielmus de Fortibus comes Albemarliæ”, in turn succeeded by “alter Willielmus de Fortibus”, and the latter by “Avelina” who married “Edmondo fratri domini Regis E” and died childless[1127].  "W filio comitis de Aubemarliæ" is named as son-in-law of Alan of Galloway by Matthew of Paris, who does not name his wife[1128].  Lord of Holderness.  He succeeded as titular Comte d'Aumâle.  "William de Fortibus, son of William de Fortibus late count of Aumale…and Christiana his wife" were granted "the manor of Driffield, co York and the manor of Tingden co Northampton", dated 5 Oct 1241[1129].  The Annales Londonienses record the death in 1260 of "comes Albemarliæ…in transmarinis partibus"[1130].  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire, records the death "in civitate Ambianensi" in 1260 of "dominus Willelmus de Fortibus tertius ultimus comes Albermarliæ" and his burial "in presbyterio nostro juxta filiam suam"[1131].  A hearing "44 Hen III", after the death of "William de Fortibus alias de Ford, de Forz Earl of Albemarle" names "Thomas his son, aged 7 on the morrow of the Nativity of the Blessed May next, is his heir and as yet in the wardship of his mother"[1132]m firstly (before Apr 1236) CHRISTIAN of Galloway, daughter of ALAN Lord of Galloway & his second wife Margaret of Scotland (-shortly before 29 Jul 1246).  The Liber Pluscardensis records that the third daughter of "Alanus de Galway filius Rotholandi de Galway" married "comes Albemarliæ"[1133].  "William de Fortibus, son of William de Fortibus late count of Aumale…and Christiana his wife" were granted "the manor of Driffield, co York and the manor of Tingden co Northampton", dated 5 Oct 1241[1134].  Matthew of Paris records the death in 1246 of "comitissa quoque Albemarliæ filia Alani de Galeweia sororque comitisse Wintoniæ"[1135]m secondly (1248) ISABEL de Reviers, daughter of BALDWIN de Reviers Earl of Devon & his wife Amice de Clare (Jul 1237-Stockwell, Surrey 10 Nov 1293, bur Breamore Priory, Hants).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Ford Abbey names “Baldwinum quintum postea comitum et Isabellam Albermarliæ” as the children of “Baldwinum quartum” & his wife, adding that Isabel succeeded after the death of her brother without children but also died childless[1136].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the marriage in 1248 of “filia comitis Devoniæ” to “comiti de Aubemarle[1137].  Writs dated 13 Jan and 13 Jul "47 Hen III", after the death of "Baldwin de Insula earl of Devon", names "Isabel de Fortibus countess of Albemarla, late the wife of the earl of Albemarle, his sister, age variously stated as 24 and more and 25, is his heir through the death of his son"[1138].  "Isabella de Fortibus comitissa de Albemarle et Devonie ac Domina Insule" confirmed donations to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of "quondam bone memorie Willelmi de Fortibus comitis Albemalle viri nostri et pro animabus Thome et Willelmi de Fortibus filiorum predicti comitis", by charter dated to 1269, witnessed by "Dominis Johanne, filio Johannis…"[1139].  “Isabella de Fortibus comitissa de Albemarle et Devoniæ, ac domina Insulæ” donated property to Quarr Abbey, for the soul of “domini mei Willielmi de Fortibus comitis Albemarliæ”, by undated charter[1140].  William & his second wife had five children: 

a)         JOHN de Forz (-before 11 Aug 1260).  The Complete Peerage cites a petition dated [1315], by Thomas de Multon and Anthony de Lucy, relating to the manors of Cockermouth and Skipton, which names "John, Thomas, William, Avice and Aveline" as the five children of William de Forz[1141]

b)         THOMAS de Forz (9 Sep 1253-before 6 Apr 1269, bur Black Friars Church, Stamford, Lincs).  A hearing "44 Hen III", after the death of "William de Fortibus alias de Ford, de Forz Earl of Albemarle" names "Thomas his son, aged 7 on the morrow of the Nativity of the Blessed May next, is his heir and as yet in the wardship of his mother"[1142].  "Isabella de Fortibus comitissa de Albemarle et Devonie ac Domina Insule" confirmed donations to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of "quondam bone memorie Willelmi de Fortibus comitis Albemalle viri nostri et pro animabus Thome et Willelmi de Fortibus filiorum predicti comitis", by charter dated to 1269[1143].  The wording of this charter suggests ("filiorum predicti comitis" instead of "filiorum meorum") that the donor was not the mother of Thomas and William but the chronology of this family indicates that this was not the case.  The drafting of the charter is ambiguous whether Thomas and William were deceased at the time or not.  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother" names "four daughters of Hugh de Bulebec and...Ralph de Pleys are next heirs", reciting the full ancestry which proves their heirship: “Richard de Munfichet died without heir...and his inheritance descended to his three sisters...the second sister Avelina married William de Forz Earl of Albemarle and from them issued William de Forz the last earl of Albemarle who had two sons Thomas and William who died without heirs...and one daughter Avelina whom Edmund the king’s brother took to wife...[1144]

c)         WILLIAM de Forz (-Oxford, bur Black Friars Church, Oxford).  "Isabella de Fortibus comitissa de Albemarle et Devonie ac Domina Insule" confirmed donations to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of "quondam bone memorie Willelmi de Fortibus comitis Albemalle viri nostri et pro animabus Thome et Willelmi de Fortibus filiorum predicti comitis", by charter dated to 1269[1145].  The wording of this charter suggests ("filiorum predicti comitis" instead of "filiorum meorum") that the donor was not the mother of Thomas and William but the chronology of this family indicates that this was not the case.  The drafting of the charter is ambiguous whether Thomas and William were deceased at the time or not.  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother" names "four daughters of Hugh de Bulebec and...Ralph de Pleys are next heirs", reciting the full ancestry which proves their heirship: “Richard de Munfichet died without heir...and his inheritance descended to his three sisters...the second sister Avelina married William de Forz Earl of Albemarle and from them issued William de Forz the last earl of Albemarle who had two sons Thomas and William who died without heirs...and one daughter Avelina whom Edmund the king’s brother took to wife...[1146]

d)         AVICE de Forz (-[1260], bur [Meaux abbey]).  The Complete Peerage cites a petition dated [1315], by Thomas de Multon and Anthony de Lucy, relating to the manors of Cockermouth and Skipton, which names "John, Thomas, William, Avice and Aveline" as the five children of William de Forz[1147].  The Chronicle of Meaux records that "Willielmum de Fortibus tertium" had "filias…quarum una" was buried "in presbyterio nostro", and "una earum Avelina" married "Edmundo filio regis Henrici tertii"[1148].  It is assumed that the former entry refers to Avice, although her name is not specified.  Another passage in the same source records the death of her father and his burial "in presbyterio nostro juxta filiam suam"[1149], which suggests that the two died around the same time. 

e)         AVELINE de Forz (Burstwick, Yorks 20 Jan 1259-10 Nov 1274, bur Westminster Abbey).  The Cronicon Cumbriæ names “Hawysiam” as the child of “Willielmus Grossus comes Albemarliæ” and his wife, adding that he was succeeded by “Willielmus de Fortibus comes Albemarliæ”, in turn succeeded by “alter Willielmus de Fortibus”, and the latter by “Avelina” who married “Edmondo fratri domini Regis E” and died childless[1150].  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the marriage "VI Id Apr" of "Eadmundus filius Henrici regis" and "filiam et hæredem comitis Aubemarliæ" at Westminster[1151].  An enquiry into the age of "Avelina the wife of Edmund the king’s brother, daughter and heir of William sometime earl of Albemarle" includes testimony that "Avelina was 14 on the day of SS Fabian and Sebastian last"[1152].  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death in 1274 of "Avelina uxor domini Eadmundi regis filii comitissa Aubermarliæ"[1153].  The Chronicle of Thomas Wykes records the death “circa festum Sancti Martini” in 1274 of “uxor domini Edmundi fratris…regis nostri[1154].  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother" names "four daughters of Hugh de Bulebec and...Ralph de Pleys are next heirs", reciting the full ancestry which proves their heirship: “Richard de Munfichet died without heir...and his inheritance descended to his three sisters, the first sister Margery married Hugh de Bulebec and from them issued Hugh de Bulebec who had four daughters, Philippa married to Roger de Lancastre, Margery married to Nicholas Corbet, Alice married to Walter de Huntercumbe and Maud married to Hugh de la Valle; the second sister Avelina married William de Forz Earl of Albemarle and from them issued William de Forz the last earl of Albemarle who had two sons Thomas and William who died without heirs...and one daughter Avelina whom Edmund the king’s brother took to wife...; the third sister Philippa married Hugh de Pleys and from them issued Richard de Pleys from whom issued Ralph de Pleys now aged 9 and in the wardship of Robert Aguilun[1155]m (contract 6 Apr 1269, Westminster Abbey 8/9 Apr 1269) as his first wife, EDMUND “Crouchback/Gibbosus” of England Earl of Lancaster, son of HENRY III King of England & his wife Eléonore de Provence (London 16 Jan 1245-Bayonne 5 Jun 1296, bur Westminster Abbey). 

 

 

 

 

GIFFARD

 

 

 

A.      GIFFARD of ELSTON, WILTSHIRE & GLOUCESTERSHIRE

 

 

1.         OSBERT [I] [Osbern] Giffard of Elston in Orcheston St George, Wiltshire (-before 1096).  Domesday Book records land held by “Osbern Giffard” in Earley in Charldon Hundred in Berkshire; land in Wiltshire, including Elston, Orcheston and Stanton; in Dorset, Gold Hill; land in Bispesdone in Oxfordshire; Rockhampton Stoke Gifford Brimpsfield and Oldbury in Gloucestershire[1156].  Osbert’s parentage is not known, but the proximity of his landholding to that of Walter Giffard (future Earl of Buckingham) in Berkshire suggests a close relationship, as does his name which is similar to “Osbern” who was Walter Giffard’s paternal grandfather (see the document NORMANDY NOBILITY).  Maybe they were brothers.  m ---.  The name of Osbert’s wife is not known.  Osbert [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         ELIAS [I] Giffard (-[1130]).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "terram de Bocholt…" made in 1121 by "Helyas Gyffard et Ala uxor eius…et filius eorum Elyas"[1157].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Elye Giff" in Wiltshire, Gloucestershire and Northamptonshire[1158]m ALA, daughter of --- (-after 1121).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "terram de Bocholt…" made in 1121 by "Helyas Gyffard et Ala uxor eius…et filius eorum Elyas"[1159].  Elias [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          ELIAS [II] Giffard (-after 1166).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "terram de Bocholt…" made in 1121 by "Helyas Gyffard et Ala uxor eius…et filius eorum Elyas"[1160]

-         see below

b)         [WILLIAM Giffard (-after [1127]).  "…Will Giff…" witnessed the charter dated to [1127] which records that "Ricard Pontii filii" granted the manor of "Lechia" to "Mathildi uxori mee in matrimoniu" in exchange for her original marriage portion, the manor of Ullingswick in Herefordshire, which he gave to "Helie Giff in mat-monu cum filia mea Berta"[1161].] 

 

 

ELIAS [II] Giffard, son of ELIAS [I] Giffard & his wife Ala --- (-after 1166).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "terram de Bocholt…" made in 1121 by "Helyas Gyffard et Ala uxor eius…et filius eorum Elyas"[1162].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "Cronham" made "tempore Hamelini abbatis" [abbot from 1148 to 1179] by "Helias Giffard filius Heliæ senioris et Alæ uxoris eius"[1163].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "ecclesiam Beatæ Mariæ de Boytone, ecclesiam Sancti Georgii de Orchestone cum capella Sancti Andreæ de Wyneterborne" made "tempore Hamelini abbatis" [abbot from 1148 to 1179] by "Helias Boy Gyffard", for the soul of "Bertæ uxoris suus", later confirmed by "Walterus Giffard filius Heliæ…tempore Hamelini abbatis"[1164].  "Elyas Giffardus" donated "ecclesiam Sanctæ Mariæ de Boytona" to Gloucester St Peter, for the souls of "…uxoris meæ Bertha", by undated charter[1165]

m ([1127]) BERTHA, daughter RICHARD FitzPons & his wife Matilda --- (-after 1167).  A charter dated to [1127] records that "Ricard Pontii filii" granted the manor of "Lechia" to "Mathildi uxori mee in matrimoniu" in exchange for her original marriage portion, the manor of Ullingswick in Herefordshire, which he gave to "Helie Giff in mat-monu cum filia mea Berta"[1166].  "Helyas Giffardus" recorded that "uxori meæ Bertæ medietatem totius manerii de Ullingwike maritagii sui" and donated the property to Gloucester St Peter by charter dated 18 Jul 1163[1167].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Helias Giffard junior et Berta mater eius" donated "octo libratas terræ in Willyngwyke" in exchange for "Cronham quam pater eius dederat quando factus fuerat monachus", confirmed by "Helias filius eorum", and that "Berta uxor Heliæ Giffard" donated "terras in Wllingwuke…tempore Hamelini abbatis" [abbot from 1148 to 1179][1168].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "ecclesiam Beatæ Mariæ de Boytone, ecclesiam Sancti Georgii de Orchestone cum capella Sancti Andreæ de Wyneterborne" made "tempore Hamelini abbatis" [abbot from 1148 to 1179] by "Helias Boy Gyffard", for the soul of "Bertæ uxoris suus", later confirmed by "Walterus Giffard filius Heliæ…tempore Hamelini abbatis"[1169].  "Elyas Giffardus" donated "ecclesiam Sanctæ Mariæ de Boytona" to Gloucester St Peter, for the souls of "…uxoris meæ Bertha", by undated charter[1170]

Elias [II] & his wife had [five] children: 

1.         ELIAS [III] Giffard (-after 1190).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Elias Giffard" held land from "comitis Patricii" in Wiltshire, also record the knights’ fees in Wiltshire held from "baroniæ Eliæ Giffardi", and that "Elias Giffard" held one knight’s fee from the bishop of Worcester in Worcestershire[1171].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Helias Giffard junior et Berta mater eius" donated "octo libratas terræ in Willyngwyke" in exchange for "Cronham quam pater eius dederat quando factus fuerat monachus", confirmed by "Helias filius eorum", and that "Berta uxor Heliæ Giffard" donated "terras in Wllingwuke…tempore Hamelini abbatis" [abbot from 1148 to 1179][1172].  "Helyam Giffard" reached agreement with Gloucester St Peter concerning "ecclesiam Sanctæ Mariæ de Boytona" to Gloucester St Peter by charter dated to [1179/1205][1173].  "Helyas Giffardus" donated land "in Ullingwika" to Gloucester St Peter, and confirmed the donation of land "in Ullingewike" donated by "mater mea", by undated charter[1174].  "Helyas Giffardus" confirmed the donations of land "in Ullingewike" to Gloucester St Peter made by "Helyas Giffard pater meus et Berta mater meus" by undated charter[1175]m MATILDA de Berkeley, daughter of MAURICE FitzRobert de Berkeley & his wife Alice de Berkeley.  Smyth states that "the daughter of…lord Maurice was married to Osbert Gifford kt, by whome hee had issue, Osbert Gifford and others, which Osbert became servant to King Henry the third in the eighth year of his raigne", citing a charter at Berkeley, close roll and fine roll records[1176].  The chronology of the Giffard family suggests that Matilda must have been one of her parents’ older children and that her husband must have been Elias.  This suggested identification of her husband appears to be corroborated by the charter dated to after 1220 under which “Thomas de Berkeley” granted “the reversion of the land in Foxcote which his wife Lucy holds in dower” to “Osbert Gyffard his nephew” [who is identified as Osbert [II] Giffard, son of Elias Giffard][1177].  Elias [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)         ELIAS [IV] Giffard (-1247).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Helias Giffard" holding nine knights’ fees "in Winterborne" in Wiltshire in [1210/12][1178].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Gloucestershire, dated to [1211/13]: "Elyas Giffard" owed "pro Brumesfeld et Rochamt…ix milites"[1179].  An undated writ, endorsed "32 Hen III", after the death of "Elias Giffard" names "--- his son aged 16 is his heir" and the manors of "Winterburne…Sernton…Ayston held of John Mautravers in free marriage" in Wiltshire[1180]m firstly ---.  m secondly ISOLDA Mautravers, daughter of --- Mautravers & his wife ---.  An undated writ, endorsed "32 Hen III", after the death of "Elias Giffard" names the manors of "…Ayston held of John Mautravers in free marriage" in Wiltshire[1181].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Gloucester, dated 1247, which include "juratores presentant quod Johannes filius et heres Elie Giffard debet esse in custodia domini regis; et Isolde que fuit uxor predicti Elie habet custodiam eius..."[1182].  Elias [IV] & his second wife had one child: 

i)          JOHN Giffard ([1231/32]-Boyton, Wiltshire 29 May 1299, bur Malmesbury Abbey).  An undated writ, endorsed "32 Hen III", after the death of "Elias Giffard" names "--- his son aged 16 is his heir"[1183].  An undated writ, regarding the proof of age of "John son of Elias Giffard", states that "he was 4 years old when he was contracted with Aubrey de Caumvill of Arewe, who was about 4 or 5 years old" but "declaiming against the marriage", that a witness states that he was "26 years old" and another that he was "28 and entering his 29th year…29 on the day of St Walstan"[1184].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Gloucester, dated 1247, which include "Johannes filius Elie Gifford debet esse in donacione domini regis et fuit maritatus ante quam ---..."[1185].  “Johannes Giffard dominus de Brimesfeild” donated property to Gloucester College, Oxford, for the soul of “Matildæ Longespee, quondam consortis meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “domino Johanne Giffard consanguineo meo[1186].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord Giffard.  [m firstly (1247) ---.  An undated writ, regarding the proof of age of "John son of Elias Giffard", states that "he was 4 years old when he was contracted with Aubrey de Caumvill of Arewe, who was about 4 or 5 years old" but "declaiming against the marriage", that a witness states that he was "26 years old" and another that he was "28 and entering his 29th year…29 on the day of St Walstan"[1187].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Gloucester, dated 1247, which include "Johannes filius Elie Gifford debet esse in donacione domini regis et fuit maritatus ante quam ---..."[1188].  The latter source suggests that the marriage did take place.  m secondly ([1271]) as her second husband, MATILDA de Clifford, widow of WILLIAM Longespee, daughter and heiress of WALTER de Clifford of Clifford Castle, Herefordshire & his wife Margaret of Wales (-[Dec 1282/9 May 1285]).  The Book of Lacock names “Matildam filiam d’ni Walteri de Clifford” as wife of “Guill. Lungespee tertius, filius Guill. Lungespee secundi[1189].  "Walterus de Clifford filius Walteri de Clifford et Agnetis de Cundy" donated land in Cofham to Acornbury priory, Herefordshire, also donated by "Katherinæ filiæ Walteri de Lacy", for the souls of “Margaretæ uxoris meæ et dominæ Mathildis filiæ meæ” by undated charter[1190].  “Matildis de Lungespe, filia et hæres domini Walteri de Clifford” confirmed donations of property to Shrewsbury abbey, by “patris mei…Walterus de Clifford filius Walteri de Clifford, et Agnetis de Cundy” witnessed by “Egidio de Clifford fratre meo”, by undated charter[1191].  “Johannes Giffard dominus de Brimesfeild” donated property to Gloucester College, Oxford, for the soul of “Matildæ Longespee, quondam consortis meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “domino Johanne Giffard consanguineo meo[1192]m thirdly (1286) as her second husband, MARGARET, widow of JOHN Neville of Hallingbury, Wethersfield and Langham, Essex, daughter of --- (-before 13 Dec 1338).  The licence for the marriage of “Johannes Giffardi dominus de Clifford” and “Margareta de Novavilla” is dated 1286[1193]

-         LORDS GIFFARD[1194]

b)         OSBERT [II] Giffard (-1245).  "Osbert Gifford" was granted livery of "the manor of Winterburn" made to him by "Elias Gifford his brother" dated 11 May 1229[1195].  Matthew Paris records the death in 1245 of "Osberti Giffard", although he does not specify his parentage[1196].  A writ dated 24 Jul "31 Hen III", after the deaths of "Osbert Giffard and Alice Murdac" names "Osbert son of the said Osbert, age variously stated as 12 ½, 13 ½ and 13 on the quinzaine before St John the Baptist last, is heir of the said Osbert and Alice" and his manors "…Hekebokel…sometime held by the said Osbert and Isabel his wife [Devon]…"[1197]m ISABEL de Bocland, daughter of ALAN de Bocland of Egg Buckland and Hooe & his wife Alice Murdac.  A writ dated 24 Jul "31 Hen III", after the deaths of "Osbert Giffard and Alice Murdac" names "Osbert son of the said Osbert, age variously stated as 12 ½, 13 ½ and 13 on the quinzaine before St John the Baptist last, is heir of the said Osbert and Alice" and his manors "…Hekebokel…sometime held by the said Osbert and Isabel his wife [Devon]…"[1198].  Osbert [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          OSBERT [IV] Giffard ([1234/35]-after 12 Mar 1301).  A writ dated 24 Jul "31 Hen III", after the deaths of "Osbert Giffard and Alice Murdac" names "Osbert son of the said Osbert, age variously stated as 12 ½, 13 ½ and 13 on the quinzaine before St John the Baptist last, is heir of the said Osbert and Alice" and his manors "…Hekebokel…sometime held by the said Osbert and Isabel his wife [Devon]…"[1199].  m JOAN, daughter of --- (-after 16 Nov 1289). 

2.         WALTER Giffard (-after 1199).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus Giffard" used to hold one knight’s fee in Hampshire now held by "Walterus Giffard", and that "Walterus Giffard" held one and a half knight’s fees from "comes Patricii" in Wiltshire[1200].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "ecclesiam Beatæ Mariæ de Boytone, ecclesiam Sancti Georgii de Orchestone cum capella Sancti Andreæ de Wyneterborne" made "tempore Hamelini abbatis" [abbot from 1148 to 1179] by "Helias Boy Gyffard", for the soul of "Bertæ uxoris suus", later confirmed by "Walterus Giffard filius Heliæ…tempore Hamelini abbatis"[1201].  "Walterius Giffard" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam Sanctæ Mariæ de Boytona" to Gloucester St Peter by charter dated 1177, a later charter confirmed that the donations in question were made by "Helyas Giffard et post eum Walterus filius eius"[1202].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Gilbertus Giffard" donated "duas virgatas terræ in Ullyngwyke quas habuit ex dono Walteri Giffard", confirmed by "Walterus Giffard", and that "Walterus Giffard" donated "partem quam habuit in Frydmore"[1203].  "Walterus Giffardus" donated his part of land "in Fridmore apud Ullingwike" to Gloucester St Peter by charter dated 5 Aug 1192[1204].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Walterus Giffard" holding two knights’ fees in Gloucestershire in [1199/1200][1205]

3.         GILBERT Giffard .  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Gilbertus Giffard" donated "duas virgatas terræ in Ullyngwyke quas habuit ex dono Walteri Giffard", confirmed by "Walterus Giffard", and that "Walterus Giffard" donated "partem quam habuit in Frydmore"[1206].  "Walterus Giffardus" granted land "in Ullingwike", including part "quæ fuit Roberti filii Walterii", to "Gilberto Giffardo fratri meo" by undated charter[1207].  "Gilbertus Giffardus" donated land "in Ullingwike" granted to him by "præfatus dominus et frater meus Walterus" to Gloucester St Peter, with the consent of "domini et fratris mei Walteri Giffard", by undated charter[1208]

4.         [GERARD FitzElias (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Gerardus filius Elyæ" three and one half knights’ fees from "Henrici de Pomereia" in Devon[1209].  It is not certain that Gerard’s father was Elias [II] Giffard, but this affiliation appears chronologically possible.] 

5.         [--- Giffard .  It is probable that the father of Richard [I] was one of the sons of Elias [II] Giffard who are named above.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         RICHARD [I] Giffard .  Bracton notes a claim, dated 1226, by "Willelmus de Huntercumba" against "Osbertum Giffard" for "quartam partem feodi…in Ispedena", the plaintiff claiming that it was granted to "Willelmus Perchaye avus suus", inherited by "Cristine filie sue" as his sons predeceased their father, and from her to "huic Willelmo…filio et heredi suo", while the defendant claimed (supported by "Eliam Giffarde") that "Elye avi predicti Elye" gave it to "Ricardo Giffarde nepote suo de Ispedena"[1210]same person as...?  RICHARD [II] Giffard .  The primary source which confrims that Richard [II] was the same person as Richard [I] has not yet been identified.  However, the fact that Richard [II] named his son Osbert suggests that this co-identity may be correct.  Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight’s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[1211]m ---.  The name of Richard’s wife is not known.  Richard & his wife had four children: 

i)          OSBERT [III] Giffard (-[11 May /2 Sep] 1229).  The lands of "Osbert Gifford, owed several debts to the king…dead" were taken into the king’s hands but a fine was agreed with "H. bishop of Rochester, Henry of Walpole, Isabella de Friville and Matilda Gifford, sister of Osbert Gifford", dated 2 Sep 1229[1212].  King Henry III ordered the execution of the testament of "Osberti Giffard" dated 2 Sep 1229[1213].  Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight’s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[1214]m (before 1 Jun 1216) ISABEL de Freville, daughter of ---.  King John granted safe passage to "Isabell de Frievill uxor Osberti Giffard" for discussions with the king by order dated 1 Jun 1216[1215].  The lands of "Osbert Gifford, owed several debts to the king…dead" were taken into the king’s hands but a fine was agreed with "H. bishop of Rochester, Henry of Walpole, Isabella de Friville and Matilda Gifford, sister of Osbert Gifford", dated 2 Sep 1229[1216].  King Henry III granted "custodia terre et heredis Willelmi de Hasting" to “...Isabelle que fuit uxor Osberti Giffard et Matildi sorori ipsius Osberti”, dated 1229[1217]

ii)         MABILIE Giffard (-after 1232).  Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight’s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[1218]m ADAM de Cailly, son of --- (-after 1232). 

iii)        ISABEL Giffard (-after 1232).  Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight’s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[1219]m --- de Freville, son of --- (-before 1232). 

iv)       MATILDA Giffard (-after 1232).  The lands of "Osbert Gifford, owed several debts to the king…dead" were taken into the king’s hands but a fine was agreed with "H. bishop of Rochester, Henry of Walpole, Isabella de Friville and Matilda Gifford, sister of Osbert Gifford", dated 2 Sep 1229[1220].  King Henry III granted "custodia terre et heredis Willelmi de Hasting" to “...Isabelle que fuit uxor Osberti Giffard et Matildi sorori ipsius Osberti”, dated 1229[1221].  Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight’s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[1222]

 

 

1.         WALTER Giffard (-after 22 Aug 1250).  Rector of Wickham, Salisbury: Pope Innocent IV granted indult to “Walter called ‘Giffard’ papal subdeacon and chaplain, kinsman of the bishop of Bath, to hold besides the rectory of Wikam in the diocese of Salisbury one other benefice...”, dated 22 Aug 1250[1223]

 

 

 

B.      GIFFARD of WEARE, DEVONSHIRE

 

 

Robert Giffard, named below, presumably adopted the name Giffard from his maternal grandmother whose brother was Walter Giffard, who was created Earl [of Buckingham] by William II King of England. 

 

ROBERT, son of RAOUL [I] Seigneur de Fougères & his wife Avice de Clare (-after 1129).  Guillaume de Jumièges records that "Richardum”, son of “Gislebertus...filius Godefridi comitis Aucensis”, had two daughters of whom one married “Rodulfo de Telegeriis” by whom she had “Fransualo, Henricus et Robertus Giffard[1224].  “Telegeriis” has not been identified: it is unlikely to be Tillières, normally represented as “Tegularias” or variants, which had been granted to Gilbert Crispin by Guillaume II Duke of Normandy.  The same individuals are named in the charter dated 7 Mar 1113 quoted below, which indicates that the family was Fougères: presumably “Telegeriis” is a misreading or mistranscription.  "Radulfus Filgeriensis" with "his wife Avitia" donated property to the abbey of Holy Trinity, Savigny by charter dated 7 Mar 1113, subscribed by "Maino-franswalo filius eius, Henricus et Robertus similiter filii eius…"[1225].  Henry I King of England awarded him the lordship of Weare, Devonshire before 1129[1226].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt Ostiari fil Giff" and "Rob Gisf" in "Grentebrugescira", and "--- Giffard" accounting for "terra q Ric de Holeweia clamat uers eu" in Devonshire[1227]

m ---.  The name of Robert's wife is not known. 

Robert & his wife had two children:

1.         WALTER Giffard (-[1160/70]).  He succeeded his father as lord of Weare, Devonshire.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willemus Giffard" holding "i militem" from "Radulfus de Chahaines" in Hampshire in 1166[1228].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willemus Giffard" holding "i militem et dimidium" from Patrick Earl of Salisbury in Wiltshire in 1166[1229]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  Walter & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM Giffard .  He succeeded his father as lord of Weare, Devonshire.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willemus Giffard" holding "feodum i militis, et modo Walterus Giffard" from the bishop of Winchester in Hampshire in 1166[1230].  The monks of Montacute agreed that "William Giffard lord of Were" shall "farm the sluice at their mill at Lege" by undated charter[1231]m ---.  The name of William's wife is not known.  William & his wife had three children[1232]:

i)          WALTER Giffard (-after [1242/43]).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Devon, dated to [1242/43], which includes "Walterus Giffard tenet i. feodum de comite Devonie de honore de Plimton"[1233]m ALICE, daughter of ---.  Inquisitions after a writ dated 26 Aug "4 Edw I", following the death of "Alice Giffard and Emma her daughter who were out of their minds, as is said", name "Emma daughter of Hugh de Wideworth and the aforesaid Emma, aged 16 and of sane mind and married to Robert de Dineham is the next heir[1234].  Walter & his wife had one child: 

(a)       EMMA Giffard (-before 26 Aug 1276).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 26 Aug "4 Edw I", following the death of "Alice Giffard and Emma her daughter who were out of their minds, as is said", name "Emma daughter of Hugh de Wideworth and the aforesaid Emma, aged 16 and of sane mind and married to Robert de Dineham is the next heir[1235].  By a writ of certiorari dated 10 Sep "4 Edw I", following the death of "Emma daughter and heir of Walter de Giffard, who was not of sound mind", "Isabel de Fortibus countess of Albemarle” requested confirmation that “the wardship and marriage of the lands and heir of the said Emma pertain to her” and name “Emma her daughter aged 10 on the last day of March last is her next heir” and name “Hugh de Wydewrthe her father whose heir she is[1236]m HUGH de Wideworthe, son of --- (-before 1276). 

ii)         ROHESEm RALPH de Albemara, son of ---. 

iii)        CECILIA

2.         ROGER

 

 

 

C.      GIFFARD of FONTHILL, WILTSHIRE

 

 

1.         BERENGER Giffard (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Berengar Giffard” holding Fonthill Giffard in Wiltshire, and Bredy in Dorset[1237].  The entries precede the ones which records the landholdings in Wiltshire and Dorset of Osbern Giffard, which suggests a close relationship.  Maybe they were brothers. 

 

 

2.         ROBERT Giffard of Fonthill, Wiltshire (-before 1166).  [The 1130 Pipe Roll records "--- Giffard" accounting for "terra q Ric de Holeweia clamat uers eu" in Devonshire[1238].]  m ---.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         GERARD Giffard (-after 1172).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus Giffard" used to hold one knight’s fee in Hampshire now held by "Gerardus filius eius", that "Girardus Giffard et Walterus de Calestone" held one knight’s fee in Wiltshire from the abbey of Wilton, and that "Gerardus Giffard" held one knight’s fee in "baroniæ Eliæ Giffardi" in Wiltshire[1239]

 

 

1.         HUGHm ---.  The name of Hugh’s wife is not known.  Hugh & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT Giffard (-1209).  His parentage is confirmed by the order dated 1200 under which "Willelmus Cumin" paid a fine for the marriage of "juniore filia Rob fil Hug" and part of her inheritance in Northamptonshire[1240].  "Rob Giffard" paid a fine "p passag suo…feudi i militi in capite de dño R" in Wiltshire, dated 1201[1241].  Domesday Descendants notes the death of Robert Giffard (son of Gerard Giffard, which appears from the source dated 1200 to be a mistake for Hugh) in 1209 "when his heirs were daughters married to Robert Mauduit, Robert de Mandeville and William Comin", but does not cite the corresponding primary source[1242]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had three children: 

i)          --- Giffard .  Domesday Descendants notes the death of Robert Giffard in 1209 "when his heirs were daughters married to Robert Mauduit, Robert de Mandeville and William Comin", but does not cite the corresponding primary source[1243]m (before 1209) ROBERT Mauduit, son of ---. 

ii)         --- Giffard .  Domesday Descendants notes the death of Robert Giffard in 1209 "when his heirs were daughters married to Robert Mauduit, Robert de Mandeville and William Comin", but does not cite the corresponding primary source[1244]m (before 1209) ROBERT de Mandeville, son of ---. 

iii)        SARAH (-before 1210).  "Willelmus Cumin" paid a fine for the marriage of "juniore filia Rob fil Hug" and part of her inheritance in Northamptonshire, dated 1200[1245].  Domesday Descendants notes the death of Robert Giffard in 1209 "when his heirs were daughters married to Robert Mauduit, Robert de Mandeville and William Comin", but does not cite the corresponding primary source[1246]m ([1200]) as his first wife, WILLIAM Comyn, son of RICHARD Comyn & his wife Hextilda of Tynedale (-1233[1247]).

 

 

1.         JOHN Giffard .  Lord Giffard of Brimpsfield.  m firstly MATILDA de Clifford, daughter of ---.  John & his wife had children: 

a)         CATHERINE Giffard (1272-after 1322).  The Book of Lacock names “Catharinam filiam Johannis Giffard” as wife of “Nich’um de Audele”, son of “Jacobus de Audele[1248].  She became a nun at Ledbury[1249]m (1299 or before) NICHOLAS de Audley, son of JAMES de Audley of Heleigh, Staffordshire & his wife Ela Longespee (before 1258-28 Aug 1299). 

 

 

 

 

GLANVILLE

 

 

Glanville-Richards states that this family was named after “Glanville...in the arrondissement of Port-l’Evêque in Normandy[1250].  Based on the primary sources which have been consulted so far during the preparation of the present document, satisfactory reconstruction of the relationships between the members of the Glanville family who are named in the 12th century has not been possible.  No record of the Glanville family has been found in the surviving parts of the 1129/30 Pipe Roll.  The family has been studied by Mortimer[1251]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Glanville (-after 1086).  Domesday Book records "Robert de Glanville" holding land in Benhall, Suffolk from Robert Malet[1252]

 

 

1.         HERVE [I] de Glanville (-after [1150]).  According to Domesday Descendants, Hervé [I] de Glanville was the son of "Robert de Glanville (d.c.1150)" but the primary source on which this information is based has not been identified[1253].  King Stephen confirmed properties of Eye priory by charter dated to [Dec 1137/Mar 1138], witnessed by "...Herv[eio] de Gla[nvilla]..."[1254].  King Stephen confirmed properties of Blythburgh priory by undated charter, witnessed by "Adam de Belnaco et Herveo de Glanvilla"[1255].  "Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1256].  The record of a meeting of the joint shire court of Norfolk and Suffolk at Norwich, dated to [1149/50], included "the oral evidence of an old man (Hervey de Glanvill) who claimed to have attended the court’s meetings for the previous fifty years and declared its custom in no uncertain terms"[1257]m ---.  The name of Hervé’s wife is not known.  Hervé [I] & his wife had [seven] children: 

a)         RANULF de Glanville (Stratford 11-- -Acre 1190).  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rannulfus de Glanuile et uxor eius Berta, Matillis, Amabilis, Helewisa, Mabilia, filiæ eorum, et Berct…"[1258].  An undated manuscript records that “Ranulphus de Glanville quondam justiciarius Angliæ et fundator domus de Buttele” was born “in villa de Stratford[1259]"Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1260].  “Ranulphus de Glanvilla” donated property to Butley priory, Suffolk, in the presence of “uxore mea”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Osberto de Glanvil...Gerardo de Glanvile...Herveo de Glanvile, Savari de Valeines[1261]Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk, confirmed by “...Rogero de Glamvilla, et Osberto et Gerardo...”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willielmo de Aubervill, Radulfo de Ardene, Rogero de Glamvilla, Osberto de Glamvilla, Willielmo de Valeines, Radulfo Murdac...Teobaldo Walteri...Rogero Walteri, Willielmo filio Willielmi de Aubervill, Thoma de Ardene[1262]Benedict of Peterborough names "...Ranulfus de Glanvil justiciarius Angliæ, Gerardus de Glanvilla frater ipsius..." among those present at the coronation of King Richard I 3 Sep 1189[1263].  Benedict of Peterborough records "Ranulfus de Glanvil justitiarius regis Anglie" among those who died at the siege of Acre[1264].  Matthew Paris records the death 1190 of "Ranulphus de Glanevile"[1265].  A letter dated 21 Oct 1190, recording the arrival of the archbishop of Canterbury at Tyre, names “...Randulfus de Glanvilla” among those who had died [in Palestine][1266]m BERTHA de Valoignes, daughter of THEOBALD de Valoignes & his wife ---.  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rannulfus de Glanuile et uxor eius Berta, Matillis, Amabilis, Helewisa, Mabilia, filiæ eorum…"[1267].  An undated manuscript records that “Ranulphus de Glanville quondam justiciarius Angliæ et fundator domus de Buttele” was born “in villa de Stratford” and married “Bertam filiam domini Theobaldi de Valoniis senioris domini de Perham”, who granted “terram de Brochous...in libero maritagio[1268]Ranulphus de Glanvilla” donated property to Butley priory, Suffolk, in the presence of “uxore mea”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Osberto de Glanvil...Gerardo de Glanvile...Herveo de Glanvile, Savari de Valeines[1269]Herveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Willielmo de Albervilla, Willielmo de Valoniis, Roberto de Valoniis...Willelmo de Glanvilla clerico et filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[1270]Randulf & his wife had four children: 

i)          MATILDA de Glanville .  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rannulfus de Glanuile et uxor eius Berta, Matillis, Amabilis, Helewisa, Mabilia, filiæ eorum…"[1271].  An undated manuscript names “Matildem, Amabillam et Helwisiam” as the three daughters of “Ranulphus de Glanville quondam justiciarius Angliæ et fundator domus de Buttele” and his wife, adding that Matilda was granted “ex dono patris sui...villam de Benhal...cum advocatione ecclesiæ sive monasterii beatæ Mariæ de Buttele” and married “militi...Gulielmo de Aubervil” by whom she had “Hugo de Aubervil”, whose son was “Willielmus de Aubervil” (listing his descendants)[1272]m WILLIAM de Auberville, son of ---.  Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willielmo de Aubervill, Radulfo de Ardene...Willielmo filio Willielmi de Aubervill, Thoma de Ardene[1273]

ii)         AMABILIS de Glanville .  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rannulfus de Glanuile et uxor eius Berta, Matillis, Amabilis, Helewisa, Mabilia, filiæ eorum…"[1274].  An undated manuscript names “Matildem, Amabillam et Helwisiam” as the three daughters of “Ranulphus de Glanville quondam justiciarius Angliæ et fundator domus de Buttele” and his wife, adding that Amabilis was granted “ex dono patris sui...medietatem villæ de Baudeseye et medietatem villæ de Finbergh” and married “Radulphum de Ardern” by whom she had “Thomas de Ardern filius et hæres” (listing his descendants)[1275]m RALPH de Ardern, son of ---.  Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willielmo de Aubervill, Radulfo de Ardene...Willielmo filio Willielmi de Aubervill, Thoma de Ardene[1276]

iii)        HELOISE de Glanville (-1 Mar 1195).  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rannulfus de Glanuile et uxor eius Berta, Matillis, Amabilis, Helewisa, Mabilia, filiæ eorum…"[1277].  An undated manuscript names “Matildem, Amabillam et Helwisiam” as the three daughters of “Ranulphus de Glanville quondam justiciarius Angliæ et fundator domus de Buttele” and his wife, adding that Heloise was granted “ex dono patris sui...medietatem villæ de Baudeseye et medietatem villæ de Finbergh” and married “Robertum filium Roberti” by whom she had “Radulphus filius et hæres” (listing his descendants)[1278]A mid-15th century manuscript records that "Robertum filium Radulphi" married "Helwisia filia Ranulphi Glamuille"[1279]m ROBERT, son of RALPH & his wife Agatha de Brus. 

iv)       MABILIA de Glanville .  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rannulfus de Glanuile et uxor eius Berta, Matillis, Amabilis, Helewisa, Mabilia, filiæ eorum…"[1280]

b)         [ROGER de Glanville (-after Apr 1192).  The primary source which confirms Roger’s parentage has not been identified.  However, the charters in which the Glanville family are named, in particular the charter under which his supposed brother Ranulf founded Leiston abbey and his own charter in which he names his own brother Hervé (see below), suggest that he may have been a younger son of Hervé de Glanville.  This suggestion is consistent with the chronology of his career.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "Rogerus de Glanville iv milites de feodo uxoris suæ" in Essex in the fee of William de Montfichet[1281].  “Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk, confirmed by “...Rogero de Glamvilla, et Osberto et Gerardo...”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogero de Glamvilla, Osberto de Glamvilla...[1282]A charter of King Henry II confirmed donations to Bungay Nunnery by “Rogeri de Glanvill et Gundredæ comitissæ uxoris meæ” of property at Bungay[1283].  “Rogerus de Glanvilla” donated “ecclesiam S. Mariæ de Middeltune” to Leiston abbey, for the souls of “meæ et...comitissæ Gundredæ uxoris meæ et...uxoris meæ Christinæ et...Hervei fratris mei”, by undated charter[1284].  Benedict of Peterborough records the participation of "Rogerus de Glanvil" at the siege of Acre in Dec 1190[1285].  "Roger de Glanvill and Gundreda the countess his wife" donated land "in Bungey" to Bungey nunnery, confirmed 13 Mar 1235[1286]m firstly CHRISTIANA, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "Rogerus de Glanville iv milites de feodo uxoris suæ" in Essex in the fee of William de Montfichet[1287].  “Rogerus de Glanvilla” donated “ecclesiam S. Mariæ de Middeltune” to Leiston abbey, for the souls of “meæ et...comitissæ Gundredæ uxoris meæ et...uxoris meæ Christinæ et...Hervei fratris mei”, by undated charter[1288]m secondly (after 1177) as her second husband, GUNDRED, widow of HUGH Bigod Earl of Norfolk, daughter of --- (-[1200/08]).  “Rogerus de Glanvilla” donated “ecclesiam S. Mariæ de Middeltune” to Leiston abbey, for the souls of “meæ et...comitissæ Gundredæ uxoris meæ et...uxoris meæ Christinæ et...Hervei fratris mei”, by undated charter[1289].  A charter of King Henry II confirmed donations to Bungay Nunnery by “Rogeri de Glanvill et Gundredæ comitissæ uxoris meæ” of property at Bungay[1290].  It is probably a safe conclusion that Roger de Glanville’s “countess Gundred” was the widow of the earl of Norfolk as no other countess of this name has been identified at that time in England.] 

c)         [OSBERT de Glanville (-after [1190]).  The primary source which confirms Osbert’s parentage has not been identified.  However, the charters in which the Glanville family are named, in particular the charter under which his supposed brother Ranulf founded Leiston abbey (see below), suggest that he may have been a younger son of Hervé de Glanville.  "Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1291].  “Ranulphus de Glanvilla” donated property to Butley priory, Suffolk, in the presence of “uxore mea”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Osberto de Glanvil...Gerardo de Glanvile...Herveo de Glanvile, Savari de Valeines[1292]Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk, confirmed by “...Rogero de Glamvilla, et Osberto et Gerardo...”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogero de Glamvilla, Osberto de Glamvilla...[1293]m as her second husband, ---, widow of WILLIAM de Criketot, daughter of ---.  A charter of Leiston abbey names the wife of Osbert de Glanville as the widow of William de Criketot[1294].] 

d)         [HERVE [II] de Glanville (-after 1166).  His name suggests that Hervé was a younger son of Hervé [I] de Glanville, although the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not been identified.  The charter of Roger de Glanville, quoted below, shows that he and Hervé were brothers.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "Herveius de Glanville i militem" in Cambridgeshire in the fee of the bishop of Ely[1295].  “Ranulphus de Glanvilla” donated property to Butley priory, Suffolk, in the presence of “uxore mea”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Osberto de Glanvil...Gerardo de Glanvile...Herveo de Glanvile, Savari de Valeines[1296]Rogerus de Glanvilla” donated “ecclesiam S. Mariæ de Middeltune” to Leiston abbey, for the souls of “meæ et...comitissæ Gundredæ uxoris meæ et...uxoris meæ Christinæ et...Hervei fratris mei”, by undated charter[1297].] 

e)         GERARD de Glanville (-after 3 Sep 1189).  Ranulphus de Glanvilla” donated property to Butley priory, Suffolk, in the presence of “uxore mea”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Osberto de Glanvil...Gerardo de Glanvile...Herveo de Glanvile, Savari de Valeines[1298]Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk, confirmed by “...Rogero de Glamvilla, et Osberto et Gerardo...”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogero de Glamvilla, Osberto de Glamvilla...[1299]Benedict of Peterborough names "...Ranulfus de Glanvil justiciarius Angliæ, Gerardus de Glanvilla frater ipsius..." among those present at the coronation of King Richard I 3 Sep 1189[1300]

f)          [--- .  Assuming that "neptis" in the source quoted below can be translated as niece, one of Mabilia’s parents was the sibling of Ranulf Granville.]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          MABILIA (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Mabilia…neptis Rannulfi de Glanville…uxor Albrici Picot”, her property “in Bukeswurthe…in feodo Gileberti de Muntfichet", and her "ii filios et iii filias, et primogenitus est miles[1301]m AUBRY Picot, son of HENRY Picot & his wife --- (-after 1171). 

g)         [--- .  One parent of the wife of Robert de Crec was presumably the child of Hervé de Glanville as shown by the following document: “Bartholomæus de Crec filius Roberti de Crec” donated property to St Osith’s, Essex, for the soul of “Herivæi de Glanvill avi matris meæ”, by undated charter[1302].  This assumes that “Herivæi de Glanvill” who is named in this document was Hervé [I] and not Hervé [II] who is named below.]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          daughter .  A grand-daughter of Hervé Glanville presumably married Robert de Crec as shown by the following document: “Bartholomæus de Crec filius Roberti de Crec” donated property to St Osith’s, Essex, for the soul of “Herivæi de Glanvill avi matris meæ”, by undated charter[1303].  This assumes that “Herivæi de Glanvill” who is named in this document was Hervé [I] and not Hervé [II] who is named below.  m ROBERT de Crec, son of ---.] 

 

 

[Two] brothers: 

1.         WILLIAM de Glanville .  "Guillelmus de Glanvilla" donated salt and a serf to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron by charter dated to [1130], witnessed and confirmed by "filiorum meorum Bartholomei et Anselmi et Basilie uxoris mee"[1304]m BASILIA [de Bertun], daughter of --- (-after [1150]).  "Guillelmus de Glanvilla" donated salt and a serf to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron by charter dated to [1130], witnessed and confirmed by "filiorum meorum Bartholomei et Anselmi et Basilie uxoris mee"[1305].  Her possible family origin is indicated by the undated charter under which [her son] “Bartholmeus de Glanvilla” confirmed donations to Bromholm, Norfolk made by “pater meus Willielmus de Glanvilla...avunculi mei Rogeri de Bertuna...[1306].  "…dna Basil matre dni Bartholom, Matilde uxore dni, Leticia filia ei" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1307].  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         BARTHOLOMEW de Glanville (-1180).  "Guillelmus de Glanvilla" donated salt and a serf to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron by charter dated to [1130], witnessed and confirmed by "filiorum meorum Bartholomei et Anselmi et Basilie uxoris mee"[1308].  “Bartholmeus de Glanvilla” confirmed donations to Bromholm, Norfolk made by “pater meus Willielmus de Glanvilla...avunculi mei Rogeri de Bertuna...” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Harveio de Glanvill et Randulfo filio eius, Rogero de Glanvill, et Willielmo de Glanvill...Osberto de Glanvilla, et Reginaldo de Glanvilla...[1309].  "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill" by charter dated to [1150], which names "Rogeri avunculi mei"[1310]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  "…dna Basil matre dni Bartholom, Matilde uxore dni, Leticia filia ei" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill" by charter dated to [1150][1311].  Bartholomew & his wife had one child: 

i)          LETITIA de Glanville (before [1150]-).  "…dna Basil matre dni Bartholom, Matilde uxore dni, Leticia filia ei" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1312]

b)         ANSELM de Glanville .  "Guillelmus de Glanvilla" donated salt and a serf to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron by charter dated to [1130], witnessed and confirmed by "filiorum meorum Bartholomei et Anselmi et Basilie uxoris mee"[1313]

2.         [ROGER .  "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill" by charter dated to [1150], which names "Rogeri avunculi mei"[1314].  It is not known whether Roger was the paternal or maternal uncle of Bartholomew.] 

 

 

1.         ROGER de Glanville .  "Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…dna Basil matre dni Bartholom, Matilde uxore dni, Leticia filia ei" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1315]m ---.  The name of Roger’s wife is not known.  Roger & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Glanville (-after 1166).  "Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1316].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "Robertus de Glanville dimidium militem" in Norfolk in the fee of William Bishop of Norwich[1317].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "Robertus de Glanville iii milites" in Norfolk in the fee of Hugh Bigod Earl of Norfolk[1318]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Glanville (-after [1150]).  "Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1319]

 

2.         REYNOLD de Glanville (-after [1150]).  "Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1320]

 

3.         STEPHEN de Glanville, son of --- m --- de Munchensy, daughter of WARIN de Munchensy & his wife Agnes ---.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Holkham” held by “Agnes de Muntchenesy…lx annorum…filia Pagani filii Johannis”, adding that she had “iii filios primogenitus…Radulphus et secundus Willelmus…ambo milites, tertius…Hubertus…clericus…[et] ii filias…una nupta Stephano de Glanville et altera Willemo Painel[1321]

 

 

 

 

GOURNAY

 

 

This family was presumably related to the Seigneurs de Gournay in Normandy (see the document NORMANDY NOBILITY) but, if this is correct, the connection has not been traced.  The precise relationships between the individuals shown below have not been identified, although the name Gournay indicates that they were all related, maybe through the female line.  The name Gournay was passed to Eva, daughter of Hawise de Gournay and her husband Robert [de Berkeley], and from her to her son Robert de Gournay (see the document UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY A-C). 

 

 

1.         NIGEL (-after 1086).  Domesday Book records “Nigel” holding Barrow Gurney (as well as other land) from the bishop of Coutances in Somerset[1322]

 

2.         HAWISE de Gournay (-after [1143]).  The Annals of Bermondsey record that “Hawisia de Gurnay” donated “ecclesiam de Inglescombe in comitatu Somersetiæ” to Bermondsey in 1112[1323].  "Hawis de Gurnai" donated "ecclesiam de Ingliscumbe" to Bermondsey, for the souls of “Rogeri de Baalun mariti mei et Rogeri Baalun filii mei”, by undated charter witnessed by “Patricius comes, Radus Baalun, Hamelinus de Baalun, Arnoldus de Baalun, Robertus de Gundeville, Mattus de Gurnay...[1324].  Gurney identifies the witness “Patricius comes” as Patrick Earl of Salisbury (earl from [1143] to 1168)[1325].  If that is correct (which appears likely), the 1112 date for the donation recorded in the Annals of Bermondsey appears impossible.  Alternatively, it is possible that the undated charter represents an amalgamation of other documents from different dates.  The chronology of the Ballon family suggests that it is unlikely that Hawise, wife of Roger de Ballon, was the same person as Hawise, daughter of Robert de Gournay who married Robert [de Berkeley] (see below).  If this speculation is correct, no indication has been found of the identity of Hawise’s parents.  ["Awys de Gurnaio" donated "terra de Athelingeworth...ex donacione Rogeri de Clera mariti mei" to Lewes priory by undated charter[1326].  In another passage, Gurney quotes what appears to be another version of the same charter: “Hawisia de Gurnais” donated “terram de Athelingworth, quam in dotem accepi ex donatione Rogeri de Clera mariti mei, sicut Rogerus de Clera et Radulphus frater et hæres ipsius dederunt” to Lewes, undated[1327].  Neither of these documents provides any indication of the chronology of Roger de Clere.  The fact that Roger’s heir was his brother Ralph indicates that his marriage to Hawise was childless, which may indicate that this was her second marriage contracted when she was relatively old.  If that is correct, Roger de Clere’s wife could have been either the widow of Roger de Ballon or the widow of Robert de Gournay.]  m [firstly] ROGER de Ballon, son of WINEBAUD de Ballon & his wife Isabelle --- (-after 1126).  [m secondly ROGER de Clere, son of ---.] 

 

3.         ROBERT de Gournay of Barrow, Somerset (-before 1166).  “...Roberto de Gurnar...” witnessed the charter dated to [1123/Jul 1129] under which Henry I King of England notified the bishop of Worcester that he had granted "terram que fuit Adelize uxoris Ursonis de Abbetot sicut ipsa Adeliza eam ei concessit" to "Waltero de Bello Campo"[1328].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the roll of knights of William Earl of Gloucester in Kent which includes "feodum quod fuit Roberti de Gornac[o] ix milites"[1329]m [as her first husband,] HAWISE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by Stapleton in a later passage which names “Roger de Peauton” as second husband of [her daughter] Eva, adding that while married to him she confirmed her donation to Bermondsey monastery of the church of Inglishcombe which had earlier been donated by “Hawisia her grandmother, widow of Robert de Gurnay, and [by] Hawisia her own mother[1330].  It is possible that Hawise was the daughter of Hawise de Gournay, wife of Roger de Ballon, who is named above.  [She may have married secondly Roger de Clere: "Awys de Gurnaio" donated "terra de Athelingeworth...ex donacione Rogeri de Clera mariti mei" to Lewes priory by undated charter[1331].  In another passage, Gurney quotes what appears to be another version of the same charter: “Hawisia de Gurnais” donated “terram de Athelingworth, quam in dotem accepi ex donatione Rogeri de Clera mariti mei, sicut Rogerus de Clera et Radulphus frater et hæres ipsius dederunt” to Lewes, undated[1332].  Neither of these documents provides any indication of the chronology of Roger de Clere.  The fact that Roger’s heir was his brother Ralph indicates that his marriage to Hawise was childless, which may indicate that this was her second marriage contracted when she was relatively old.  If that is correct, Roger de Clere’s wife could have been either the widow of Roger de Ballon or the widow of Robert de Gournay.]  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         HAWISE de Gournay (-after 1188).  Stapleton names “Hawisia, daughter and heiress of Robert de Gurnay of Barrow in [Somerset]” as the first wife of Robert FitzHarding and mother of his daughter “Eva de Gurnay”, but he does not cite the corresponding primary source[1333].  Her name and parentage are confirmed by Stapleton in a later passage which names “Roger de Peauton” as second husband of [her daughter] Eva, adding that while married to him she confirmed her donation to Bermondsey monastery of the church of Inglishcombe which had earlier been donated by “Hawisia her grandmother, widow of Robert de Gurnay, and [by] Hawisia her own mother[1334].  As noted above, the chronology suggests that Hawise was not the same person as Hawise, widow of Roger de Ballon (see above).  "Hathewisia de Gurneio" noted that "Alexander de Bidicumba" had sold “totam terram suam de Cliveware...quam Robertus de Gurneio pater meus ei...dedit” to “Thome filio Willelmi” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Matheo de Gurneio...[1335].  Hawise is last named in the 1188 Pipe Roll[1336]m as his first wife, ROBERT [de Berkeley], son of ROBERT FitzHarding & his wife Eva --- (-[1195]). 

 

 

1.         WALTER de Gournay (-before 1166).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records the “Carta Manasseri de Danmartin” in Suffolk which includes "et in tempore gwerræ de illo feodo dedi Waltero de Cornaco i. quartum militis. Et nunc illam partem tenet Willelmus filius suus in auxilium mihi..."[1337]m ---.  The name of Walter’s wife is not known.  Walter & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Gournay .  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records the “Carta Manasseri de Danmartin” in Suffolk which includes "et in tempore gwerræ de illo feodo dedi Waltero de Cornaco i. quartum militis. Et nunc illam partem tenet Willelmus filius suus in auxilium mihi..."[1338]

 

 

 

 

GOXHILL

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         RALPH de Goxhill (-after 1147).  King Stephen confirmed various donations to Bridlington, including the donation of “ecclesiam de Sprotelaia” made by "Radulfus de Gosla" by charter dated to [1135/39][1339].  “Radulfus de Goxa” donated "terre in Goxa" {Goxhill, Lincolnshire} by charter dated to [1147/68], witnessed by "…Ernisio fratre meo…"[1340].  

2.         ERNEIS de Goxhill (-[1147/52]).  “Radulfus de Goxa” donated "terre in Goxa" {Goxhill, Lincolnshire} by charter dated to [1147/68], witnessed by "…Ernisio fratre meo…"[1341].  “Willelmus Albemarlensis comes” confirmed the donation of "terre in Goxa et ecclesiam de Sprottelay" donated to Bridlington by "Radulfus de Goxa et Ernisius [frater] eius" by charter dated to [1147/68][1342].  He presumably died before 1152, the date when his son Robert witnessed in a charter.  m ---.  The name of Erneis’s wife is not known.  Erneis & his wife had two children: 

a)         RALPH FitzErneis de Goxhill (-[before 1152]).  “R[obertus] filius Hernisii” confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Gausla" for the soul of "fratris mei [Radulfi]" by charter dated to [1154/68][1343].  He probably died before 1152, the date when his brother Robert witnessed a charter. 

b)         ROBERT FitzErneis de Goxhill (-[1178/85]).  “H[enricus] de Gousla” notified a gift of land to "Roberto de Sprotlay" by charter dated 1152 witnessed by "Robertus filius Hernisei…"[1344].  "Willelmus de Lamarre filius Alani de Lamarre et Amabilis sponsa eius" confirmed the donation of Ruholm to Newhouse abbey, Lincolnshire, for the soul of "Alani de Lamarre", by charter dated to [1157/63], witnessed by "..:Roberto filio Ernisii de Gousla…"[1345].  “R[obertus] filius Hernisii” confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Gausla" for the soul of "fratris mei [Radulfi]" by charter dated to [1154/68][1346].  "Johannes Yngelram et Robertus filius Ernisii et Adelina filia mea" donated land "Moresdal" to Whitby by undated charter[1347].  "Johannes Ingeram et Robertus filius Ernisii gener meus et hæres meus" donated land "juxta Midlesburc" to Whitby by undated charter[1348]m ADELINE Ingram, daughter and heiress of JOHN Ingram of Arnecliffe & his wife ---.  "Johannes Yngelram et Robertus filius Ernisii et Adelina filia mea" donated land "Moresdal" to Whitby by undated charter[1349].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

i)          ADAM de Goxhill (-1205 or before)m ([1189/90]) GUNDREDA de Vere, daughter of GUY de Vere & his wife --- (-after 1205).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by a record in the Pipe Rolls of "Wid de Ver" liquidating a debt in Lincolnshire for an agreement made in the king’s court with "Adam generu suu" in 1189/90[1350].  She married secondly Nicholas de Chavencurt.  Her second marriage is confirmed by a charter in the Selby cartulary[1351].  Adam & his wife had one child: 

(a)       WALTER de Vere (-1213 or before).  He adopted his mother’s name.  "Sim de Kima" guaranteed a fine owed by "Walt de Ver" which "predictus Sim fecit cum domino Rege…per debito Ade fil Rob patris ipsius Walteri", dated 1205[1352].  “Walterus de Ver filius Ade de Gousle” confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam Sancti Swithini de Sprottele" to Bridlington by charter dated to [1200/13][1353]m as her first husband, SIBYLLA, daughter of ---.  "Sibilla [quæ fuit uxor Walteri de Ver]" donated land "in Broctona" to Rievaulx abbey[1354].  She married secondly Nicholas de Chavencurt.  "Nicholai de Chaumcurt et Sibillæ uxoris eius" donated land "in Brocton" to Rievaulx abbey[1355].  Adam & his wife had one child: 

(1)       SIMON de Vere (-after 1242).  Justices were appointed to hear a claim by the prior of Bridlington against "Simonem de Ver" relating to "ecclesie de Gousle" dated 10 Aug 1229[1356]

ii)         --- de Goxhill (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Simonis de Crievequeor…filia Roberti filii Ernisii de Gousele”, her land "in Huddintune…de feodo Walteri de Neville", adding that she was 24 years old and had two sons “primogenitus…v annorum…in custodia matris per Dominum Regem” and two daughters, in a later passage naming her mother "filie Johannis Ingelram" and specifying that her younger son was 4 years old, and that "post mortem Simonis de Crievequor terra de Hakenton fuit in manu Domini Regis"[1357]m SIMON de Crèvecœur, son of RENAUD de Crèvecœur & his wife Matilda --- (-before 1185). 

 

 

1.         PETER de Goxhill (-[1166/67]).  Peter was no doubt related to the preceding Goxhill family as Robert FitzErneis de Goxhill witnessed the charter of Henry de Goxhill, presumably the same person as Henry his son (see below).  A charter of King Edward II dated 1 Dec [1319] confirmed donations to Brodholm nunnery in Nottinghamshire, including the donation of “Staynhil, Barnewode” made by “Sarra filia Petri de Gousla”, and of land “in Saxelby” made by "Petrus de Gousla pater suus et Agnes de Camvilla mater sua, et Henricus frater suus"[1358]m AGNES de Camville, daughter of ---.  A charter of King Edward II dated 1 Dec [1319] confirmed donations to Brodholm nunnery in Nottinghamshire, including the donation of “Staynhil, Barnewode” made by “Sarra filia Petri de Gousla”, and of land “in Saxelby” made by "Petrus de Gousla pater suus et Agnes de Camvilla mater sua, et Henricus frater suus"[1359].  Peter & his wife had two children: 

a)         HENRY de Goxhill .  A charter of King Edward II dated 1 Dec [1319] confirmed donations to Brodholm nunnery in Nottinghamshire, including the donation of “Staynhil, Barnewode” made by “Sarra filia Petri de Gousla”, and of land “in Saxelby” made by "Petrus de Gousla pater suus et Agnes de Camvilla mater sua, et Henricus frater suus"[1360]same person as…?  HENRY de Goxhill (-after 1152).  “H[enricus] de Gousla” notified a gift of land to "Roberto de Sprotlay" by charter dated 1152 witnessed by "Robertus filius Hernisei…"[1361]

b)         SARAH de Goxhill .  A charter of King Edward II dated 1 Dec [1319] confirmed donations to Brodholm nunnery in Nottinghamshire, including the donation of “Staynhil, Barnewode” made by “Sarra filia Petri de Gousla”, and of land “in Saxelby” made by "Petrus de Gousla pater suus et Agnes de Camvilla mater sua, et Henricus frater suus"[1362]

 

 

 

 

GRANDSON

 

 

GUILLAUME de Grandson, son of PIERRE Sire de Grandson & his wife Agnes --- ([1248/56]-27 Jun 1335).  "Agnetem dominam de Grandisono relictam domini Petri de Grandisono, tutricem filiorum suorum Petri, Willelmi, Girardi, Jaqueti, Henrici et Ottonini de Grandisono" exchanged property with "Petro comiti Sabaudie" by charter dated 31 Aug 1263[1363].  Of Ashperton, Herefordshire.  He was summoned to the English parliament from 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Grandson [Grandison][1364]

m (1285 or before) SIBYLLA de Tregoz, daughter of JOHN de Tresgoz & his wife Mabel FitzWarin (before 1270-21 Oct 1334, bur Dore Abbey).  "Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" names "Sibill" as the second daughter of "John Tresgoos" and his wife, adding that she married "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon", by whom she had "6 fils, Edmund, Peirs cheveleir, Joh clerk […evesq de Exeter], Otto chivaler, Tho clerk, Will clerk" and "les files Agnes, Mabil, Maud, Katherine, les deux eignes marry lun a Sr Joh Northwood, lauter a Sr Joh Patshull, le terce Maud un nonyne et prioresse de Acornbury, le quart Katherine Countess de Sarisbury"[1365].  A writ dated 6 Sep "28 Edw I", after the death of "John Tregoz alias de Tregoz", names "John la Warre his grandson (nepos) […aged 24, son of Clarice la Warre his eldest daughter who is dead…married to Roger la War] and Sibyl the wife of William de Grauntcoun (alias de Grandissono) his […younger] daughter […aged 30 and more] both aged 21 and more are his next heirs"[1366]

Guillaume & his wife had ten children: 

1.         EDMUND de Grandson .  "Edmund, Peirs cheveleir, Joh clerk […evesq de Exeter], Otto chivaler, Tho clerk, Will clerk" are named as the six sons of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[1367]

2.         PIERS de Grandson (-10 Aug 1358).  "Edmund, Peirs cheveleir, Joh clerk […evesq de Exeter], Otto chivaler, Tho clerk, Will clerk" are named as the six sons of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[1368].  He succeeded his father as Lord Grandson.  m (before 10 Jun 1330) BLANCHE Mortimer, daughter of ROGER [V] de Mortimer Earl of March & his wife Joan de Geneville (-1347).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Wigmore Abbey names “Edmundum primogenitum…Rogerum militem, Galfridum…Johannem…Katherinam…Johannam…Agnetam…Margaretam…Matildam… Blanchiam… et Beatricem” as children of “Roger comes et Johanna uxor eius”, adding that Blanche married “domino Petro de Graunson[1369]

3.         JOHN de Grandson (Ashperton, Herefordshire 1292-16 Jul 1369, bur Exeter Cathedral).  "Edmund, Peirs cheveleir, Joh clerk […evesq de Exeter], Otto chivaler, Tho clerk, Will clerk" are named as the six sons of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[1370].  Bishop of Exeter.  He succeeded his brother as Lord Grandson. 

4.         OTTO de Grandson (-23 May 1359, bur [Ottery St Mary or Chellesfield St John]).  "Edmund, Peirs cheveleir, Joh clerk […evesq de Exeter], Otto chivaler, Tho clerk, Will clerk" are named as the six sons of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[1371].  The will of "Otho de Grandison Knt", dated [3 Sep] 1358, chose burial “in the Collegiate Church of St Mary de Ottery in the diocese of Exeter, if I should happen to die therein, if I die at Chellesfield, then to be buried in the chapel of St John at Chellesfield”, bequeathed property to “Thomas my son...Elizabeth my daughter...William my bastard son”, and appointed “Beatrix my wife and Theobold de Moatney” as executors[1372]m (before 28 Oct 1340) BEATRIX, daughter of NICHOLAS Malemayn & his wife --- (-after Jun 1359).  The will of "Otho de Grandison Knt", dated [3 Sep] 1358, appointed “Beatrix my wife and Theobold de Moatney” as executors[1373].  Otto & his wife had two children: 

a)         THOMAS de Grandson (-1 Nov 1375).  The will of "Otho de Grandison Knt", dated [3 Sep] 1358, bequeathed property to “Thomas my son...Elizabeth my daughter...William my bastard son[1374].  He succeeded his uncle as Lord Grandson.  m MARGARET de Caru, daughter of --- (-Oct 1394). 

b)         ELIZABETH de Grandson (-after [3 Sep] 1358).  The will of "Otho de Grandison Knt", dated [3 Sep] 1358, bequeathed property to “Thomas my son...Elizabeth my daughter...William my bastard son[1375]

Otto had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

c)         WILLIAM (-after [3 Sep] 1358).  The will of "Otho de Grandison Knt", dated [3 Sep] 1358, bequeathed property to “Thomas my son...Elizabeth my daughter...William my bastard son[1376]

5.         THOMAS de Grandson (-[1317]).  "Edmund, Peirs cheveleir, Joh clerk […evesq de Exeter], Otto chivaler, Tho clerk, Will clerk" are named as the six sons of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[1377]

6.         WILLIAM de Grandson (-1350).  "Edmund, Peirs cheveleir, Joh clerk […evesq de Exeter], Otto chivaler, Tho clerk, Will clerk" are named as the six sons of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[1378]

7.         AGNES de Grandson (-1348).  "Agnes, Mabil, Maud, Katherine, les deux eignes marry lun a Sr Joh Northwood, lauter a Sr Joh Patshull, le terce Maud un nonyne et prioresse de Acornbury, le quart Katherine Countess de Sarisbury" are named as the daughters of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[1379]m JOHN de Northwood, son of ---. 

8.         MABEL de Grandson .  "Agnes, Mabil, Maud, Katherine, les deux eignes marry lun a Sr Joh Northwood, lauter a Sr Joh Patshull, le terce Maud un nonyne et prioresse de Acornbury, le quart Katherine Countess de Sarisbury" are named as the daughters of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[1380]m JOHN de Pateshull, son of ---. 

9.         MAUD de Grandson .  "Agnes, Mabil, Maud, Katherine, les deux eignes marry lun a Sr Joh Northwood, lauter a Sr Joh Patshull, le terce Maud un nonyne et prioresse de Acornbury, le quart Katherine Countess de Sarisbury" are named as the daughters of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[1381].  Prioress of Acornbury. 

10.      KATHERINE de Grandson (-23 Apr 1349).  "Agnes, Mabil, Maud, Katherine, les deux eignes marry lun a Sr Joh Northwood, lauter a Sr Joh Patshull, le terce Maud un nonyne et prioresse de Acornbury, le quart Katherine Countess de Sarisbury" are named as the daughters of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[1382].  A manuscript calendar records the death “IX Kal Maii” of “dñe Kat’ine Comitesse de Sarisbury, fil’ dñi Willi de Gandeson[1383]m (1327 or before) WILLIAM de Montagu, son of WILLIAM de Montagu Lord Montagu & his wife Elisabeth de Montfort (Casington, Oxfordshire [1302/03]-30 Jan 1344, bur Bisham).  He was created Earl of Salisbury 16 Mar 1337. 

 

 

 

 

GREY

 

 

1.         HENRY de Grey of Grays Thurrock, Essex (-1219)m as her first husband, ISOLDA, daughter of --- (-after 1 Jul 1225).  There are contrary indications concerning the parentage of Isolda.  “Jord Foliot Isold de Gray et Rad Paynel” swore homage for the lands of “Robti Bardulf avunculi sui”, and accepted security from “Robto Lupo loco Matild Bardulf matris sue que est una herederum predicti Roberti”, dated 1 Jul 1225[1384].  This source suggests that Isolda de Grey was the daughter of the second sister of Robert Bardulf, and co-heir of her uncle.  On the other hand, Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy", records that Henry de Grey married "Ysolda...daughter of Hugh Bardolf, sister and one of the co-heirs of Robert Bardolf", that in 1235 she was “remarried to...Reginald de Meandre”, and that in 1246 “Richard de Gray son and heir of Isolda de Gray” swore homage to King Henry III, although he does not cite the source reference[1385].  The birth date of Hugh [I] Bardolf (father of Robert Bardolf) is estimated to before 1135 (see above).  Hugh’s children would presumably therefore have been born in [1160/80].  If that date range is correct, the date of Isolda’s second marriage, and also the chronology of the Grey family, suggest that Isolda was more probably Hugh’s granddaughter than his daughter.  Another possibility is that the wife of Henry de Grey was Robert’s sister and that “Isold de Gray” who is named in the 1 Jul 1225 source was the couple’s daughter.  However, in that case, it is unclear why Isolda’s son Richard would not have been named as the Grey representative of the heirs who are named in 1 Jul 1225.  On balance, it appears more likely that Isolda was Robert Bardolf’s niece, although if that is correct there is no indication of her father’s family.  She married secondly (before 1235) Reginald de Meaudre.  Henry & his wife had children: 

a)         RICHARD de Grey of Codnor (-after 1246).  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy", records that in 1246 “Richard de Gray son and heir of Isolda de Gray” swore homage to King Henry III, but he does not cite the source reference[1386].  This reference, if correct, suggests that Richard was his parents’ oldest son.  m LUCY de Humez, daughter of JOHN de Humez & his wife ---.  Richard & his wife had children: 

i)          JOHN de Grey )

-         LORDS GREY (of CODNOR)

b)         JOHN de Grey of Shirland, Derbyshire (-before 18 Mar 1266)m firstly EMMA de Glanville, daughter of GEOFFREY de Glanville & his wife ---.  m secondly (after 2 Nov 1230) as her second husband, EMMA de Cauz, widow of JOHN de Segrave, daughter of ROGER de Cauz & his wife ---.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1229, which involved "Johannem de Segraue et Emmam uxorem eius filiam et heredem…Rogeri de Cauz"[1387].  King Henry III granted "maritagium Emme de Cauz que fuit uxor Johannis de Sedgrave, filii ipsius Stephani" to "Stephano de Sedgrave" dated 2 Nov 1230[1388]m thirdly (17 Oct 1251) as her second husband, JOAN, widow of PAUL Peyvre or Piper, daughter of --- (-1256, bur Woburn).  John & his first wife had two children: 

i)          REYNOLD de Grey

ii)         EMMA de Greym WILLIAM de Huntingfield, son of ---. 

John & his second wife had one child: 

iii)        REYNOLD de Grey of Ruthin, Denbighshire, and Wilton, Herefordshire (-5 Apr 1308).  He was summoned to Parliament whereby he is held to have become Lord Grey (of Wilton).  m MATILDA de Longchamp, daughter of HENRY de Longchamp of Wilton, Herefordshire & his wife --- (-before 21 Nov 1302).  Reynold & his wife had children: 

(1)       JOHN de Grey of Wilton ([1267/68]-28 Oct 1323)Lord Grey (of Wilton). 

-         LORDS GREY (of WILTON)

c)         WILLIAM de Grey of Sandiacre .  m ---.  William & his wife had children:  

i)          RICHARD de Grey of Sandiacre  (-1298).  m LUCY, daughter of ---.  Richard & his wife had children: 

(1)       WILLIAM de Grey of Sandiacre .  m JOAN, daughter of ---.  William & his wife had children: 

(a)       RICHARD de Grey of Sandiacre (-1310).  m FELICIA, daughter of ---.  Richard & his wife had children: 

(i)         WILLIAM de Grey of Sandiacre . 

 

 

1.         ALICE de Grey (-before 15 Apr 1206).  William Reedy, in the genealogical tables in the introduction to his collection of Basset charters, names "Alice de Gray" as the first wife of Alan Basset and mother of the children as shown below[1389].  He does not cite the primary source which confirms that this is correct.  m as his first wife, ALAN Basset, son of THOMAS Basset [I] of Headington, Oxfordshire & his wife Alice de Dunstanville (-1231). 

 

2.         SIMON de Greym ---.  The name of Simon’s wife is not known.  Simon & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOAN de Grey m firstly RICHARD de Chilham, son of RICHARD of Chilham & his wife Matilda Ctss of Angus (1 Feb [1246/47]-[1265/66]).  m secondly as his second wife, GILBERT Pecche, son of HAMO Pecche & his wife Eva --- (-25 May 1291). 

 

 

 

LORDS GREY (of CODNOR)

 

 

JOHN de Grey, son of RICHARD de Grey of Codnor & his wife Lucy de Humez ) . 

m LUCY de Mohun, daughter of REYNOLD de Mohun of Dunster, Somerset & his [second wife Isabel de Ferrers of the Earls of Derby]. 

John & his wife had children:                                

1.         HENRY de Grey of Codnor, Derbyshire, Grays Thurrock, Essex, and Aylesford and Hoo, Kent (-Sep 1308).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Grey (of Codnor).  m firstly [ELEANOR, daughter of HUGH de Courtenay & his wife Eleanor Le Despencer] (-before 6 Jun 1301).  According to the Complete Peerage, the wife of Henry de Grey was “said to have m 1stly Eleanor daughter of Hugh de Courtenay[1390].  The same work suggests that “if this is correct” her father was Hugh who married Eleanor le Despencer.  However, this does not appear to be an ideal fit from a chronological point of view, assuming that Hugh le Despencer is identified as the Hugh who was killed at the battle of Evesham in 1265.  The Complete Peerage records that this Hugh le Despencer married “in or before 1260” Aline Basset, their son Hugh le Despencer being born 1 Mar 1261[1391].  This would fit approximately with the estimated birth date of Hugh de Courtenay, son of Hugh de Courtenay and Eleanor, in [1275].  However, the wife of Henry de Grey would presumably have been born in the early 1260s, assuming that her marriage is correctly estimated to before [1281/82].  If that last date is correct, Eleanor, wife of Henry, would more likely have been born in the previous Courtenay generation.  The problem is that a “Hugh de Courtenay” has not yet been identified in that earlier generation.  m secondly (before 6 Jun 1301) as her second husband, JOAN, widow of RALPH de Cromwell, daughter of ---.  Henry & his first wife had children: 

a)         RICHARD de Grey ([1281/82]-before 10 Mar 1335).  Lord Grey (of Codnor).  m JOAN FitzPayn, daughter of ROBERT FitzPayn Lord FitzPayn & his wife Isabel de Clifford (-after Mar 1335).  as his first wife,

i)          JOHN de Grey (-14 Dec 1392, bur Aylesford Kent)Lord Grey (of Codnor).  m firstly (before 4 Sep 1325) ELEANOR de Courtenay, daughter of HUGH de Courtenay [later Earl of Devon] & his wife Agnes de St John (-before 20 Oct 1330).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names (in order) “Elianoram…et Elizabetham” as the two daughters of ”dominus Hugo secundus” & his wife, adding that Eleanor married “Johanni de Gray” but died childless[1392]m secondly (before 20 Oct 1330) ALICE de Lisle, daughter of WARIN de Lisle of Kingston-Lisle & his wife Alice de Tyes.  John & his second wife had children: 

(1)       HENRY de Grey (-after 1371)m JOAN de Cobham, daughter of REGINALD de Cobham Lord Cobham (of Sterborough) & his wife Joan de Berkeley.  The will of "Joan de Cobham of Starburghe", dated 13 Aug 1369, chose burial “in the churchyard of St Mary Overhere in Southwark”, bequeathed property to “Henry Grey and Dame Joan his wife and to that Joane my daughter, to Joane daughter to that Joane” and a conditional bequest to “Reginald my son” relating to property “sold...to my husband in the presence of the Lord Berkley my father[1393].  Henry & his wife had children: 

(a)       RICHARD Grey ([1371]-1 Aug 1418, bur Aylesford)Lord Grey (of Codnor). 

-         see below

 

 

RICHARD Grey, son of HENRY de Grey & his wife Joan de Cobham ([1371]-1 Aug 1418, bur Aylesford)Lord Grey (of Codnor). 

m ELIZABETH Basset, daughter of RALPH Basset Lord Basset (of Sapcote) & his second wife Alice Derby (-after 24 Aug 1446). 

Richard & his wife had children: 

1.         JOHN Grey (1396 or before-14 Sep 1430)Lord Grey (of Codnor).  m as her first husband, ELIZABETH of Kildare, daughter of GERALD Earl of Kildare & his second wife Agnes Darcy (-6 Aug 1452).  She married secondly (1432) as his second wife, James Butler Earl of Ormond

2.         HENRY Grey ([1405]-17 Jul 1444)Lord Grey (of Codnor).  m (before 5 May 1434) as her first husband, MARGARET Percy, daughter of HENRY Percy of Atholl & his wife Elizabeth --- (-Sep 1464).  She married secondly Richard de Vere.  Henry & his wife had children: 

a)         HENRY Grey ([1424/25]-1496)Lord Grey (of Codnor).  m firstly (after 31 Aug 1454) CATHERINE Strangways, daughter of THOMAS Strangways & his wife Catherine Neville of the Earls of Westmoreland.  m secondly as her second husband, CATHERINE Stourton, widow of WILLIAM Berkeley of Beverston, Gloucestershire, daughter of WILLIAM Lord Stourton & his wife Margaret Chidiock (-London 25 Nov 1521).  She married thirdly William de la Pole

3.         ELIZABETH Greym JOHN Zouche, son of WILLIAM Zouche Lord Zouche & his wife ---. 

4.         ELEANOR Greym THOMAS Newport of High Ercall, Shropshire, son of ---. 

5.         LUCY Greym ROWLAND Lenthall of Lenthall and Hampton Court, Herefordshire, son of ---. 

 

 

 

LORDS GREY (of WILTON)

 

 

JOHN de Grey of Wilton, son of REYNOLD de Grey Lord Grey (of Wilton) & his second wife Emma de Cauz ([1267/68]-28 Oct 1323)Lord Grey (of Wilton). 

m firstly [ANNE de Ferrers, daughter of WILLIAM de Ferrers of Groby, Leicestershire & his first wife Anne ---.]  The Complete Peerage states that John Lord Grey of Wilton married “(it is said) Anne da. of William de Ferrers of Groby Leicester by his 1st wife Anne...” but does not provide the basis for this speculation[1394]

m secondly MAUD, daughter of [RALPH Basset of Drayton, Staffordshire & his wife Margaret de Somery].  The Complete Peerage states that John Lord Grey of Wilton married secondly “Maud, who is said to have been da. of Ralph Basset of Drayton by Margaret...de Somery” but does not provide the basis for this speculation[1395]

John & his first wife had children: 

1.         HENRY de Grey ([1280/81]-10 or 16 Dec 1342).  Lord Grey (of Wilton).  m ANNE, daughter of [RALPH de Rockley & his wife Isabel de Clare].  The Complete Peerage states that John Lord Grey of Wilton married “(it is said) Anne da. and h. of Ralph de Rockley by Isabel da. of William de Clare[1396].  Henry & his wife had children: 

a)         REYNOLD Grey (-Shirland 28 May or 4 Jun 1370).  Lord Grey (of Wilton).  m (10 Jan 1328) MAUD, daughter of --- (-Shirland 14 Sep 1391).  Reynold & his wife had children: 

i)          HENRY Grey (-22 Apr 1396)Lord Grey (of Wilton). 

-         see below

2.         ROGER de Grey (-6 Mar 1353).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1325 whereby he is held to have become Lord Grey (of Ruthin). 

-        LORDS GREY (of RUTHIN)

3.         JOAN de Grey (-1353, before 5 Apr)m (settlement 27 Mar 1304) RALPH Basset Lord Basset (of Drayton), son of RALPH Basset Lord Basset (of Drayton) & his wife Hawise --- (-25 Feb 1343). 

 

 

HENRY Grey, son of REYNOLD de Grey Lord Grey (of Wilton) & his wife Matilda --- (-22 Apr 1396)Lord Grey (of Wilton). 

m (before 3 Feb 1380) ELIZABETH, daughter of --- (-10 Jan 1402). 

Henry & his wife had children: 

1.         RICHARD Grey (-[12 Aug 1442/5 Feb 1443], bur Bletchley)Lord Grey (of Wilton).  The will of "Richard Grey Lord of Wilton", dated 12 Aug 1442, chose burial “in the church of Our Lady at Blechelæ”, bequeathed property to “Margaret my wife[1397]m firstly BLANCHE, daughter of ---.  m secondly (1427) as her first husband, MARGARET de Ferrers, daughter of WILLIAM de Ferrers Lord Ferrers of Groby & his [first/second wife Philippa de Clifford/Margaret de Montagu] (-16 Jan 1452).  The will of "Richard Grey Lord of Wilton", dated 12 Aug 1442, chose burial “in the church of Our Lady at Blechelæ”, bequeathed property to “Margaret my wife[1398]She married secondly (before 14 Feb 1446) Thomas Grey of Richemount, Bedfordshire.  Richard & his first wife had children: 

a)         REGINALD Grey (1421-22 Feb 1494, bur Bletchley, Buckinghamshire)Lord Grey (of Wilton).  m TACINE [Jacinta or Thomasine], illegitimate daughter of JOHN Beaufort Duke of Somerset & his mistress --- ([1434]-after 1469)A document which sets out the order of the funeral of William Lord Grey (of Wilton) (who was buried 22 Dec 1562) records “the greate-graundfather and greate-graundmother to the defuncte...Reygnolde lorde Grey and Thomasyn or Thasyna base daughter to John duke of Somerset[1399]Reginald & his wife had children: 

i)          JOHN Grey (-3 Apr 1499)Lord Grey (of Wilton).  m firstly ANNE Grey, daughter of EDMUND Grey Earl of Kent & his wife Katherine Percy of the Earls of Northumberland.  m secondly as her second husband, ELIZABETH Vaughan, widow of THOMAS Cokesey, daughter of THOMAS Vaughan & his wife --- (-15 Jan 1515).  She married thirdly (before 25 Nov 1501) Edward Stanley, afterwards Lord Mounteagle. 

-         LORDS GREY (of WILTON)[1400]

 

 

 

LORDS GREY (of RUTHIN)

 

 

ROGER de Grey, son of JOHN de Grey Lord Grey of Wilton & his wife --- (-6 Mar 1353).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1325 whereby he is held to have become Lord Grey (of Ruthin). 

m ELIZABETH de Hastings, daughter of JOHN Hastings Lord Hastings & his first wife Isabelle de Valence [Lusignan]. 

Roger & his wife had children: 

1.         JOHN de Grey (-[25 Oct 1348/4 May 1350])m AGNES de Montagu, daughter of WILLIAM Montagu Earl of Salisbury & his wife Catherine Grandson

2.         REYNOLD de Grey (-28 Jul or 4 Aug 1388).  Lord Grey (of Ruthin).  m ELEANOR Lestrange, daughter of ROGER Lestrange Lord Strange (of Knockin) & his wife --- (-20 Apr 1396). 

a)         REYNOLD Grey ([1361/62]-18 Oct 1440).  Lord Grey (of Ruthin).  m firstly (after 25 Nov 1378) MARGARET de Roos, daughter of THOMAS de Roos of Helmsley, Lord Roos & his wife Beatrice Stafford of the Earls of Stafford.  m secondly (before 7 Feb 1415) as her second husband, JOAN Asteley, widow of THOMAS Raleghe, daughter of WILLIAM Asteley of Astley, Warwickshire & his wife Joan --- (-2 Sep or 12 Nov 1448).  Reynold & his first wife had children: 

i)          JOHN Grey (-27 Aug 1439)m (before 24 Feb 1413) as her second husband, CONSTANCE de Holand, widow of THOMAS Mowbray Duke of Norfolk, daughter of JOHN de Holand Duke of Exeter & his wife Elizabeth of Lancaster (1387-12 or 14 Nov 1437, bur London, St Katherine’s by the Tower).  The will of "John Holland Duke of Exeter", dated 16 Jul 1447, chose burial “in the church of St Katherine beside the Tower of London in a tomb there ordained for me and Anne my first wife, as also for my sister Constance and Anne my wife now living[1401].  John & his wife had two children: 

(1)       EDMUND Grey (-22 May 1490)Lord Grey (of Ruthin).  He was created Earl of Kent in 1465.  m KATHERINE Percy, daughter of HENRY Percy Earl of Northumberland & his wife Eleanor Neville (Leckonfield, Yorkshire 28 May 1423-).  Edmund & his wife had children: 

(a)       ANTHONY Grey of Ruthin (-[15 May/27 Nov] 1480, bur St Albans Abbey)m (1466) JOAN Wydeville, daughter of RICHARD Wydeville Earl Rivers & his wife Jacquette de Luxembourg.  The Annales of William Wyrcester record in 1466 that “Gray Ruffin filius et hæres comitis Kanciæ” married “aliam sororem reginæ[1402]

(b)       GEORGE Grey (-Ampthill 16 Dec 1503).  He succeeded his father in 1490 as Earl of Kent, Lord Grey (of Ruthin).  m firstly (before 26 Jun 1480) as her third husband, ANNE Wydeville, widow firstly of WILLIAM Bourchier Viscount Bourchier and secondly of EDWARD Wingfield, daughter of RICHARD Wydeville Earl Rivers & his wife Jacquette de Luxembourg ([1438]-30 Jul 1489).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Anne Lady Bouchier" as daughter of "Richard Earl Rivers" and mother of "Henry Earl of Essex" and of "Lady Ferrers of Chartley"[1403]m secondly ([1 Oct] 1490) CATHERINE Herbert, daughter of WILLIAM Herbert Earl of Pembroke & his wife Anne Devereux (-[1 Dec 1500/8 May 1504]). 

-         EARLS of KENT[1404]

Reynold & his second wife had children: 

ii)         EDWARD Grey (-18 Dec 1457)

-         see below

3.         JULIANA de Grey (-1361).  m (1330) JOHN Talbot, son of RICHARD Talbot of Richard’s Castle & his wife Joan de Mortimer ([1319]-1355). 

 

 

EDWARD Grey, son of REYNOLD Grey Lord Grey (of Ruthin) & his second wife Joan Asteley (-18 Dec 1457)

m as her first husband, ELIZABETH Ferrers, daughter of HENRY Ferrers & his wife Isabel Mowbray ([1417/19]-[23] Jan 1483).  She succeeded her grandfather in 1445 as Lady Ferrers (of Groby).  She married secondly (before 2 May 1462) as his first wife, John Bourchier of Essex. 

Edward & his wife had children: 

1.         JOHN Grey of Groby ([1431/32]-killed in battle St Albans 17 Feb 1461)m as her first husband, ELIZABETH Wydeville, daughter of RICHARD Wydeville Earl Rivers & his wife Jacquette de Luxembourg (Grafton Regis [1437]-St Saviour’s Abbey, Bermondsey 8 Jun 1492, bur St George’s Chapel, Windsor)A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Queen Elizabeth" as daughter of "Richard Earl Rivers" and mother of "The Queen that now is" and of "Thomas Marquess of Dorset"[1405]She married secondly (Manor of Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire 1 May 1464) Edward IV King of England. She was crowned Queen of England 26 May 1465 at Westminster Abbey.  Her second marriage was declared null and void 25 Jun 1483 by the Act of Parliament “Titulus Regius”, their children becoming illegitimate, but recognised as valid once more Oct 1485 by the first Parliament of King Henry VII.  John & his wife had children: 

a)         THOMAS Grey (-30 Aug 1501).  He succeeded his paternal grandmother as Lord Ferrers (of Groby).  He was created Earl of Huntingdon 1471.  He was created Marquess of Dorset 1475.  m firstly (Greenwich Oct 1466) ANNE de Holand, daughter of HENRY de Holand Duke of Exeter & his wife Anne of York (-[26 Aug 1467/6 Jun 1474]).  The Annales of William Wyrcester record the marriage in Oct 1466 “apud Grenewiche” of “Thomam Gray militem filium reginæ” and “dominam hæredem ducis Exoniæ neptem regis” to the great secret displeasure of “comitis Warrwici” who had previously arranged the marriage of “dictam dominam Annam” to “filium comitis Northumbriæ fratris dicti comitis Warrwici[1406]m secondly (contract 18 Jul 1474) as her first husband, CECILY Bonville Baroness Harington and Baroness Bonville, daughter of WILLIAM Bonville Lord Harington & his wife Catherine Neville of Salisbury (-12 Apr 1530, bur Astley).  She married secondly as his second wife Henry Stafford Earl of Wiltshire.  Thomas & his second wife had children: 

i)          THOMAS Grey (22 Jun 1477-10 Oct 1530).  Marquess of Dorsetm (1509) as her second husband, MARGARET Wotton, widow of WILLIAM Medley, daughter of ROBERT Wotton of Boughton Malherbe, Kent & his wife Anne Belknap (-after 6 Oct 1535).  Thomas & his wife had children: 

(1)       HENRY Grey (17 Jan 1517-executed Tower Hill 23 Feb 1554, bur Royal Chapel of St Peter ad Vincula, Tower of London).  He succeeded his father in 1530 as Marquess of Dorset.  He was created Duke of Suffolk in 1551.  He was attainted for treason for his involvement in Wyatt’s rebellion against Queen Mary I and forfeited his titles and estates.  m firstly (before 1530, repudiated) KATHERINE FitzAlan, daughter of WILLIAM FitzAlan Earl of Arundel & his second wife Anne Percy of the Earls of Northumberland (-after 1552).  m secondly ([Suffolk Place, Southwark, London] Mar or early May 1533) as her first husband, FRANCES Brandon, daughter of CHARLES Brandon Duke of Suffolk & his wife Mary of England (Bishop’s Hatfield, Hertfordshire [or Westhorpe Hall, Suffolk] 16 Jul 1517-Charterhouse, Sheen, Surrey 21 Nov 1559, bur 5 Dec Westminster Abbey).  She married secondly (9 Mar 1554) as his first wife, Adrian Stokes

(2)       CATHERINE Grey, daughter of THOMAS Grey Marquess of Dorset & his second wife Margaret Wotton (-1 May 1542)m as his first wife, HENRY FitzAlan Earl of Arundel, son of WILLIAM FitzAlan Earl of Arundel & his second wife Anne Percy of the Earls of Northumberland (23 Apr 1512-Arundel House, Strand, London 24 Feb 1580, bur Arundel). 

2.         EDWARD Grey (-17 Jul 1492, bur Astley, Warwickshire)Lord Ferrers of Groby.  He was created Viscount Lisle 28 Jun 1483.  m firstly ELIZABETH Talbot Baroness Lisle of Kingston Lisle, daughter of JOHN Talbot Viscount Lisle & his wife Joan Chedder (1451-8 Sep 1487, bur Astley, Warwickshire).  m secondly as her third husband, JOAN, widow firstly of JOHN Treguran and secondly of ROBERT Drope, daughter of --- (-1500, after 8 Aug, bur St Michael’s Cornhill).  Edward & his first wife had four children: 

a)         JOHN Grey (Apr 1480-9 Sep 1504, bur Abingdon)Viscount Lislem as her first husband, MURIEL Howard, daughter of THOMAS Howard Earl of Surrey (later Duke of Norfolk) & his first wife Eizabeth Tylney (-Lambeth 14 Dec 1512, bur Lambeth).  She married secondly (before 9 Jul 1506) Thomas Knyvet of Buckenham, Norfolk.  John & his wife had one child: 

i)          ELIZABETH Grey ([25] Mar 1505-[31 Mar/12 May] 1519).  Baroness Lisle.  Betrothed (1513) to CHARLES Brandon, son of .  m (after Jun 1515) as his first wife, HENRY Courtenay Earl of Devon, son of WILLIAM de Courtenay Earl of Devon & his wife Katherine of York ([1498]-beheaded Tower Hill 9 Jan 1539). 

b)         ANNE Grey (-before 1523).  m (contract 2 Oct 1486) JOHN Willoughby of Wollaton, Northamptonshire, son of ---. 

c)         ELIZABETH Grey (-[1525/26], bur Jan 1538 Titchfield, Hampshire).  King Henry VIII granted “the manors of Fysshewyke and Eccleston, Lanc...” to “Arthur Plantagenet and Elizabeth his wife late the wife of Edmund Dudley” dated 13 Nov 1511[1407].  Baroness Lisle 1519.  m firstly EDMUND Dudley, son of --- (-beheaded Tower Hill 18 Aug 1510).  m secondly (12 Nov 1511) as his first wife, ARTHUR Plantagenet, illegitimate son of EDWARD IV King of England & his mistress Elizabeth Lucy née Waite ([1461/64]-Tower of London 3 Mar 1542, bur [Tower of London]). 

d)         MARGARET Grey (-[8 Aug 1500/9 Sep 1504])m (settlement 3 Jul 1494) EDWARD Stafford Earl of Wiltshire, son of JOHN Stafford Earl of Wiltshire & his wife Constance Green (7 Apr 1470-Drayton, Northamptonshire 24 Mar 1499, bur Lowick, Northamptonshire).  . 

 

 

 

LORDS GREY (of ROTHERFIELD)

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         WALTER de Grey .  Archbishop of York. 

2.         ROBERT de Grey of Rotherfield, Oxfordshire .  m ---.  Robert & his wife had children: 

a)         WALTER de Grey of Rotherfield .  m ISABEL de Duston, daughter of WILLIAM de Duston of Duston, Northamptonshire & his wife ---. 

i)          ROBERT de Grey (-before 27 May 1295).  m JOAN de Valoignes, daughter of THOMAS de Valoignes & his wife --- (-before 12 Nov 1312).  Robert & his wife had children: 

(1)       JOHN de Grey (-1311)

-         see below

(2)       JOAN Grey (Rotherfield [20] Jul 1386-20 Nov 1408)m (before 17 Feb 1401) JOHN Deincourt Lord Deincourt, son of WILLIAM Deincourt Lord Deincourt & his wife Alice Neville (Middleham, Yorkshire 28 Feb 1382-11 May 1406). 

 

 

JOHN de Grey of Rotherfield, son of ROBERT de Grey of Rotherfield & his wife Joan --- (-1311)

m MARGARET de Oddingeseles, daughter of WILLIAM de Oddingeseles of Solihull and Maxstoke, Warwickshire & his wife Ela ---. 

John & his wife had children: 

1.         JOHN de Grey of Rotherfield (-Rotherfield 1 Sep 1359).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1338 whereby he is held to have become Lord Grey (of Rotherfield).  m firstly CATHERINE FitzAlan, daughter of BRIAN FitzAlan Lord FitzAlan & his second wife Maud ---.  m secondly AVICE Marmion, daughter of JOHN Marmion Lord Marmion & his wife --- (-20 Mar 1379).  John & his first wife had children: 

a)         JOHN de Grey (-4 Jun 1375)Lord Grey (of Rotherfield).  m MAUD, daughter of ---.  The Complete Peerage states that she was “possibly da. of Bartholomew de Burghersh the elder Lord Burghersh[1408].  John & his wife had children: 

i)          BARTHOLOMEW de Grey ([1351]-12 Nov 1375).  Lord Grey (of Rotherfield).  m PHILIPPA, daughter of ---. 

ii)         ROBERT de Grey (-12 or 14 Jan 1388).  Lord Grey (of Rotherfield).  m firstly JOAN, daughter of ---.  m secondly as her second husband, ELIZABETH de la Plaunche, widow of JOHN de Bermingham, daughter of WILLIAM de la Plainche of Haversham, Buckinghamshire & his wife Elizabeth Hillary (-1423).  She married thirdly (before 24 Oct 1388) John de Clinton, Lord Clinton.  She married fourthly (after Sep 1398) John Russell.  Robert & his first wife had one child: 

(1)       JOAN de Grey (Rotherfield [30] Jul 1386-20 Nov 1408)m (before 17 Feb 1401) JOHN Deincourt Lord Deincourt, son of WILLIAM Deincourt Lord Deincourt & his wife Alice Neville (Middleham, Yorkshire 28 Feb 1382-11 May 1406). 

iii)        MAUD de Grey m JOHN Botetourt, son of JOHN Botetourt Lord Botetourt & his second wife Joyce Zouche (-1369). 

b)         MAUD de Grey m as his first wife, JOHN Botetourt Lord Botetourt, son of THOMAS Botetourt & his wife Joan de Somery ([1317/18]-1385, bur Halesowen). 

 

 

 

GREY (of HETON)

 

 

1.         THOMAS Grey of Heton m as her first husband, ALICE Neville, daughter of RALPH Neville Lord Neville [later Earl of Westmoreland] & his first wife Margaret Stafford.  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Matillidem dominam de Maulay, Alesiam uxorem Thome Gray, Philippam dominam de Dacre, Johannem, Elizabetham minorissam, Annam uxorem Gilberti Vmfraville, Radulphum de Neuille militem, Margaretam uxorem Ricardi Lescrope de Bolton" as the children of "Radulphus dominus de Neuill et comes Westmorlandie" and "Margareta filia Hugonis comitis Stafford, uxor prima"[1409].  She married secondly Gilbert Lancaster

 

 

1.         JOHN Grey of Heton, Northumberland (-killed in battle Baugé, Anjou 22 Mar 1421)m JOAN Cherleton, daughter of EDWARD Cherleton Lord Cherleton & his first wife Eleanor de Holand of the Earls of Kent (-17 Sep 1425).  John & his wife had children: 

a)         HENRY Grey ([1418]-13 Jan 1450).  Earl of Tancarville.  m ([3 Jan 1435]) as her first husband, ANTIGONE, illegitimate daughter of HUMPHREY of Lancaster Duke of Gloucester & his mistress ---.  She married secondly Jean d’Amancier.  Letters of legitimation were granted Jun 1451 by the French king to “Antigone fille naturelle de Humphrey duc de Gloucester et femme de Jean d’Amancier écuyer d’écurie du roi[1410]

 

 

1.         THOMAS Grey of Heton .  m ---.  Thomas & his wife had one child: 

a)         THOMAS Grey ([1403/04]-before 1443)m (after Feb 1413, annulled before 1426) as her first husband, ISABEL of York, daughter of RICHARD of York Earl of Cambridge & his first wife Anne Mortimer (1409-2 Oct 1484, bur Beeleigh Abbey, Maldon, Essex, later transferred to Little Easton Church, Essex).  A manuscript calendar records the death “VI Non Oct” in 1484 of “dñe Isabelle Comitisse Essex’, consortis Henrici Bourgchier, Comitis Essex[1411].  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Elizabeth Countess of Essex" as daughter of "Anne Countess of Cambridge" and mother of "William Lord Bouchier"[1412].  Her parentage is confirmed in another entry in the same source which records the death “II Id Aug” in 1458 of “Henrici Bourgchier, filii dñe Isabelle, Comitisse Essex’ et Sororis Rici Ducis Ebor[1413].  She married secondly (before 25 Apr 1426) Henry Bourchier Comte d'Eu, who was created Viscount Bourchier [before 14 Dec 1446], and Earl of Essex 30 Jun 1461. 

 

 

 

 

GREYSTOKE

 

 

1.         WILLIAM FitzUlf (-[1125/29]).  Henry I King of England confirmed “in feodo et hereditate terram suam de Fangefosse et de Thorpe et de Meltemebia et de Geveldala” to “Willelmo filio Ulfi” by charter dated to [1120/29][1414].  A charter dated to [1142/54] confirmed that "Willelmus filius Ulfi" donated land "in Ghiualdala" to Hexham priory[1415]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         RALPH FitzWilliam (-after [1129/30]).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rad fili Willi" in Yorkshire[1416]m ---.  The name of Ralph’s wife is not known.  Ralph & his wife had one child: 

i)          RALPH FitzRalph of Grimthorpe, Yorkshire (-[1 Dec 1189/1197]).  "Radulphi filii Radulphi" confirmed land "in Geuld", donated by William FitzUlf, to Hexham priory by undated charter[1417]m firstly ---.  The claim by Ralph’s known wife Emma for her dower from Ralph’s son William suggests that she may not have been William’s mother.  m secondly EMMA de Teise, daughter of ---.  Farrer states that “Emma de Teise, coheir of Neasham”, wife of Ralph FitzRalph, founded Neasham priory before 1158 with “Engelaise de Teise her sister[1418].  “Emma qu fuit uxor Rad f Rad” claimed her dower “Nesham et Gri[mestorp]...” from “Willm fil Rad”, dated 1197[1419].  Ralph & his first wife had one child: 

(a)       WILLIAM FitzRalph (-before 26 Aug 1218).  “Emma qu fuit uxor Rad f Rad” claimed her dower “Nesham et Gri[mestorp]...” from “Willm fil Rad”, dated 1197[1420]

-         see below

 

 

WILLIAM FitzRalph, son of RALPH FitzRalph of Grimthorpe, Yorkshire & his wife Emma de Teisa (-before 26 Aug 1218).  “Emma qu fuit uxor Rad f Rad” claimed her dower “Nesham et Gri[mestorp]...” from “Willm fil Rad”, dated 1197[1421].  His date of death is ascertained from an order dated 26 Aug 1218 which granted his land to “filium et heredem Willi fil Radi[1422]

m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known. 

William & his wife had children: 

1.         RALPH FitzWilliam .  “Rad fil Willi” made a fine for the land of “Willi patris sui i Grimeston et Hothu” dated 9 Feb 1227[1423]m ---.  The name of Ralph’s wife is not known.  Ralph & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM FitzRalph (-[1269/72]).  “Willelmus filius Radi de Grimthorp et Johanna uxor eius” made a fine dated 1272[1424]m JOAN, daughter of THOMAS FitzWilliam of Greystoke, Cumberland & his wife --- (-after Jul 1269).  “Willelmus filius Radi de Grimthorp et Johanna uxor eius” made a fine dated 1272[1425].  William & his wife had two children: 

i)          WILLIAM FitzWilliam (-after 1272).  “Willelmus filius Willelmi fil Radi” made a fine dated 1272[1426]

ii)         RALPH FitzWilliam of Grimthorpe and Hildreskelf, Yorkshire (-11 Feb 1317, bur Neasham Priory).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzWilliamm firstly ---.  The name of Ralph’s wife is not known.  m secondly (royal licence 1 Nov 1281) as her second husband, MARGERY de Bolebek, widow of NICHOLAS Corbet, daughter of HUGH de Bolebek of Angerton, Northumberland & his wife Tiphaine --- ([1240/41]-).  Ralph & his second wife had two children: 

(a)       WILLIAM FitzRalph (-before 6 Jul 1297).  m (before 15 May 1290) KATHERINE, daughter of ---. 

(b)       ROBERT FitzRalph ([1276/77]-before 15 Apr 1317)

-         see below

 

 

ROBERT FitzRalph, son of RALPH FitzWilliam of Grimthorpe and Hildreskelf, Yorkshire & his wife Margery de Bolebek ([1276/77]-before 15 Apr 1317)

m ELIZABETH, daughter of --- (-17 Nov 1346). 

Robert & his wife had children: 

1.         RALPH de Greystoke of Greystoke (15 Aug 1299-Gateshead 14 Jul 1323, bur Durham Cathedral Church).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1322 whereby he is held to have become Lord Greystokem (1317) as her first husband, ALICE de Audley, daughter of HUGH de Audley & his wife Isolda de Mortimer (-13 Jan 1375, bur Durham Cathedral Church).  A mid-15th century manuscript records that "Radulfum de Neuille" married "Alesia, filia Hugonis de Audeley"[1427].  “Michael de la Pole miles, dominus de Wingfeild” founded Kingston-upon-Hull priory, for the souls of “…Radulphi de Nevill patris et Alesiæ matris…Johannis [de Nevill domini de Raby] et Matildæ quondam uxoris eiusdem Johannis”, by charter dated 18 Feb 1378[1428].  She married secondly (1327) Ralph Neville of Raby Lord Neville.  Ralph & his wife had children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Greystoke (Grimthorpe 6 Jan 1321-Brancepeth 10 Jul 1359)Lord Greystokem firstly LUCY de Lucy, daughter of ANTHONY de Lucy of Cockermouth, Cumberland, Lord Lucy & his wife --- (-bur Neasham Priory).  m secondly ([Oct 1351]) as her first husband, JOAN, daughter of HENRY FitzHenry of Ravensworth & his wife Joan de Fourneux (-Clerkenwell 1 Sep 1403, bur Clerkenwell).  She married secondly (pardon for marrying without royal licence 29 Apr 1366) Anthony de Lucy of Cockermouth, Cumberland, Lord Lucy.  She married thirdly (before 6 May 1378) Matthew Redman.  William & his second wife had children:

i)          RALPH de Greystoke (Kirkby Ravensworth, Yorkshire 18 Oct 1353-6 Apr 1418).  Lord Greystokem KATHERINE de Clifford, daughter of ROGER de Clifford Lord Clifford & his wife Maud de Beauchamp of the Earls of Warwick (-23 Apr 1413).  Ralph & his wife had children: 

(a)       JOHN de Greystoke ([1388/89]-8 Aug 1436)Lord Greystoke.  The will of "John Lord Greystock", dated 10 Jul 1434, chose burial “in the Collegiate church of Greystock”, bequeathed property to “Ralph my son and heir...Elizabeth my wife...my other sons Thomas, Richard and William...[1429]m (contract 28 Oct 1407) ELIZABETH Ferrers, daughter of ROBERT Ferrers of Willisham & his wife Joan Beaufort ([1393]-after 10 Jul 1434, bur York Church of the Black Friars).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Joan, wife firstly of Ferrers Baron of Ousley, and secondly of Ralph Earl of Westmoreland" as daughter of "John Duke of Lancaster" and mother (by her first husband) of "Baroness of Greystoke" (together with two generations of her descendants) and (by her second husband of "Cecily Duchess of York"[1430].  Lady of Wem.  The will of "John Lord Greystock", dated 10 Jul 1434, bequeathed property to “Ralph my son and heir...Elizabeth my wife...my other sons Thomas, Richard and William...[1431].  

-         LORDS GREYSTOKE[1432]

 

 

 

 

HARCOURT

 

 

[IVO d’Harcourt, son of ROBERT d’Harcourt & his wife --- (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Yvo de Haruecourt" held seven knights’ fees from "Willelmi comitis de Warwico" in Warwickshire[1433].  Although the sources quoted below confirm that Rohese Peverel was the mother of Albreda de Harcourt who is shown below, and therefore married a member of the Harcourt family, they do not confirm the name of her husband who, from a chronological point of view, could have been either Ivo or one of his brothers.] 

m ROHESE Peverel, daughter of ROBERT [Pain] Peverel & his wife [Adelisa ---].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[1434].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Roysia" as second of the three sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" who inherited the share of their oldest sister Matilda, adding that "de illa processit Albreda de Harecurt"[1435].  Although these sources confirm that Rohese was the mother of Albreda de Harcourt who is shown below, they do not confirm the name of her husband who, from a chronological point of view, could have been either Ivo or one of his brothers. 

[Ivo] & his wife had [five] children: 

1.         ROBERT de Harcourt (-[1206]).  "…Sim de Hareucort…Rob de Hareucort…" witnessed the charter dated to [1152/67] under which the monks of Leicester abbey authorised the establishment of the church of St Mary the Less, Leicester[1436].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "de his qui non habent capitales honores…Roberto de Haroucourt" paying "de dimidia marca" in Oxfordshire[1437]m MILLICENT de Camville, daughter of RICHARD de Camville of Stanton, Oxfordshire & his wife Margaret ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Robert & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Harcourt (-6 Apr 1223).  An order was dated to [Jun] 1223 to confiscate "chattels formerly of William de Harcourt" to pay his debt to the king[1438]

-        see below

b)         ALICE d'Harcourt (-after Sep 1212).  The 1198/99 Pipe Roll records "Robert de Harcurt" in Warwick and Leicestershires and “the Earl of Warwick accounts for 100 marks for having to wife Robert de Harecurt’s daughter, widow of John de Limesi[1439]m firstly JOHN de Limesey Lord of Cavendish, Suffolk, son of GERARD de Limesey & his wife Amice de Bidun (-1193).  m secondly ([1196/98]) as his second wife, WALERAN Earl of Warwick, son of ROGER Earl of Warwick & his wife Gundred de Warenne of Surrey (-[24 Dec 1203]) . 

2.         SIMON de Harcourt (-after May 1201).  "…Sim de Hareucort…Rob de Hareucort…" witnessed the charter dated to [1152/67] under which the monks of Leicester abbey authorised the establishment of the church of St Mary the Less, Leicester[1440].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Simon de Harocurt" owing for "Seinton et Morton p pl Rob de Harocurt" and other places, in Warwickshire and Leicestershire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][1441].  The conjunction of their names suggests that Simon and Robert de Harcourt were brothers. 

3.         ALBREDA de Harcourt ([1134/35]-before 1205).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[1442].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Roysia" as second of the three sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" who inherited the share of their oldest sister Matilda, adding that "de illa processit Albreda de Harecurt" who was mother of "Galfridus Trussebut, Rogerus, Robertus, Willelmus et Ricardus Trussebut", all of whom died "sine herede", and three sisters "Roysia, Hyllaria et Agatha"[1443].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Alberia de Harwecurt…L annorum…iv filios” and her land “in Branteston…maritagium suum[1444].  "Hillaria Trussebut" paid a fine for "terra de Branteston q fuit Albréé de Harecurt matris sue" in Northamptonshire, dated 1205[1445]m WILLIAM [II] Trussebut, son of --- (-[1175/76]). 

4.         [WILLIAM de Harcourt (-before 1199).  His parentage has not been confirmed, but from a chronological point of view he could have been the brother of Robert and Simon de Harcourt.  m AGNES, daughter of --- (-after 1199).  "Agnet q fuit uxor Willi de Harecrt" paid a fine relating to a claim against "Elyam fil Bern et uxorem eius et de hereditate illarum" in Hampshire, dated [1199/1200][1446].] 

5.         [ALICE de Harcourt (-after 1189)The Complete Peerage records her marriage and family origin.  Her parentage has not been confirmed,  From a chronological point of view, she could have been either a daughter of Ivo de Harcourt or of one of his brothers.  m ROBERT [II] de Montfort, son of THURSTAN [II] de Montfort & his wife Juliana Murdac (-before 1185).] 

 

 

1.         ALICE de Harcourt .  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Alicia de Harecurt" paying a fine to marry whom she wishes in England, in Warwickshire and Leicestershire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][1447].  This date is too late for Alice to have been the daughter of Robert de Harcourt who is named above.  She may have been the same person as Alice de Harcourt who married Robert [II] de Montfort. 

 

 

WILLIAM de Harcourt, son of ROBERT de Harcourt & his wife Millicent de Camville (-6 Apr 1223).  An order was dated to [Jun] 1223 to confiscate "chattels formerly of William de Harcourt" to pay his debt to the king[1448]

m (1201) ALICE Noel, daughter of THOMAS Noel of Ellenhall, Staffordshire & his wife Margaret Lestrange (-after [1226/28]).  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Willelmus de Harecurt" making a fine for "hnda filia primogenita Tom Noel", in Warwickshire and Leicestershire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][1449].  "Thom Noel" paid a fine for the marriage of "filia sua juniore…filio Eustac fil Steph" in Shropshire, and "Will de Harcurt" paid a fine to marry "filia primogenita predicti Thomæ" in Leicestershire, dated 1201[1450].  "Alice de Harcourt and Joan her sister, daughters and heiresses of Margaret Lestrange" made a fine for "their relief of half a knight’s fee…that Margaret held of the king in chief in Alveley and Weston" in Shropshire, dated 15 Apr 1222[1451].  "Alicia de Harecurt" donated land "cum corpore meo…in villa de Bruggeford" to Ronton priory, for the souls of "Thomæ Noel patris mei et…domini mei Willelmi de Harcurt", by undated charter[1452].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Shropshire, dated to [1226/28], which includes "Matildis le Estrange et Alicia de Harecurt et Johanna Noel tenent de domino rege manerium de Alvitheleg"[1453]

William & his wife had one child: 

1.         RICHARD de Harcourt ([1202]-Jan 1258).  The Pipe Roll 1223 includes land of “Ricardo filio et heredi Willelmi de Harocurt...in soka de Stratton” in Warwickshire[1454].  "Richard de Harcourt" was accorded a repayment schedule for a debt of "William de Harcourt his father", dated [Apr] 1230[1455].  "Ricardus de Harcourt dominus de Elinhale" donated land "in villa de Brugeford" to Ronton priory, for the soul of "Aurabilæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[1456].  A writ dated 2 Apr "42 Hen III", after the death of "Richard de Harecurt" names "William his son aged 30 and more is his heir" and manors in Leicestershire, Oxfordshire and Staffordshire[1457]m ORABILIS de Quincy, daughter of SAHER Earl of Winchester & his wife Margaret of Leicester.  A manuscript relating to Ranton Priory, Staffordshire records that “Ricardo de Harecourt” married “Orabillam sororem Rogeri de Quinci”, and lists their descendants[1458].  "Ricardus de Harcourt dominus de Elinhale" donated land "in villa de Brugeford" to Ronton priory, for the soul of "Aurabilæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[1459].  Richard & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Harcourt (-1270)m firstly ALICE la Zouche, daughter of ROGER la Zouche & his wife Margaret --- (-before early 1256).  m secondly HILARIA [Eleanor] de Hastings, daughter of HENRY de Hastings & his wife Ada de Huntingdon. 

 

 

 

 

HATTON

 

 

1.         RICHARD de Hatton .  No entry for Hatton is listed in the index of the published 1130 Pipe Roll[1460]m ---.  The name of Richard’s wife is not known.  Richard & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGH de Hatton .  "Hugo filius Ricardi…coniuge mea Margarita et filiis meis Guilelmo et Richardo" donated the churches of Claverdon, Hatton, Aldesvestrue and Malecombe to Monmouth priory by charter dated to [1148/63][1461].  A second charter, also dated to [1148/63], records more details concerning the donation of Claverdon church made by "Huo filius Richardi de Hattuna…coniugis sua Margaritæ et…domni Rodberti…Monemute prioris, predicted Margarite filii, ipsius…Huonis filiastri"[1462]m as her second husband, MARGARET, widow of ---, daughter of ---.  "Hugo filius Ricardi…coniuge mea Margarita et filiis meis Guilelmo et Richardo" donated the churches of Claverdon, Hatton, Aldesvestrue and Malecombe to Monmouth priory by charter dated to [1148/63][1463].  Her first marriage is confirmed by a second charter, also dated to [1148/63], which records more details concerning the donation of Claverdon church made by "Huo filius Richardi de Hattuna…coniugis sua Margaritæ et…domni Rodberti…Monemute prioris, predicted Margarite filii, ipsius…Huonis filiastri"[1464].  Dugdale’s Monasticon records “Robert” as prior of Monmouth in the reign of King Henry I but gives no details about his parentage[1465].  Hugh & his wife had two children: 

i)          WILLIAM de Hatton .  "Hugo filius Ricardi…coniuge mea Margarita et filiis meis Guilelmo et Richardo" donated the churches of Claverdon, Hatton, Aldesvestrue and Malecombe to Monmouth priory by charter dated to [1148/63][1466]

ii)         RICHARD de Hatton .  "Hugo filius Ricardi…coniuge mea Margarita et filiis meis Guilelmo et Richardo" donated the churches of Claverdon, Hatton, Aldesvestrue and Malecombe to Monmouth priory by charter dated to [1148/63][1467]

 

 

 

 

HESDIN

 

 

This family was presumably descended from the comtes de Hesdin (see the document NORTHERN FRANCE NOBILITY) but the primary sources which confirm the connection have not yet been identified. 

 

 

1.         HUGUES de Hesdin .  "…Hugonem de Hosdeng…" witnessed the charter under which William I King of England confirmed the rights of Ely abbey[1468]

 

2.         ARNOUL [Ernulf] de Hesdin (-Antioch [1098])Domesday Book records that “Ernulf de Hesdin” held Farningham, Axton Hundred, and Chelsfield, Helmestrei Hundred, and Cliff and Haven in Shamwell Hundred, in Kent of the bishop of Bayeux, Combe in Hurstbourne Hundred in Hampshire/Berkshire, Newbury in Thatcham Hundred in Berkshire, numerous land-holdings in Wiltshire, land in Dorset including Kington Magna and Melbury, Ruislip in Middlesex[1469].  "Ernulph de Hesding" donated the manor and church of Ruislip, Middlesex to the abbey of Bec[1470].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Ernulphus de Hesdyng" donated "ecclesiam de Heythrop, Lynkbolt…et ecclesiam de Kynemerforde", conf