ENGLISH lords D - K

v4.4 Updated 18 junio 2021

 

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LORDS DEINCOURT (AINCOURT) 2

A.         AINCOURT. 3

B.         LORDS DEINCOURT. 8

ENGAINE. 9

A.         ORIGINS.. 9

B.         LORDS ENGAINE.. 19

LORDS FITZROGER. 21

A.         ORIGINS.. 22

B.         LORDS FITZROGER, LORDS CLAVERING.. 25

FITZWALTER (of Woodham Walter, Essex) 28

A.         ORIGINS.. 28

B.         LORDS FITZWALTER.. 35

FITZWARIN. 37

A.         ORIGINS.. 38

B.         LORDS FITZWARIN.. 48

LORDS FITZWILLIAM.. 50

LORDS GIFFARD (of Elston, Wiltshire, & Gloucestershire) 52

LORDS GIFFARD of Brimpsfield, GIFFARD (of Fonthill, Wiltshire) 60

LORDS GRANDSON. 62

GREY (of CODNOR, WILTON, RUTHIN) 67

A.         ORIGINS.. 67

B.         LORDS GREY (of Codnor) 69

C.        LORDS GREY (of Wilton) 71

D.        LORDS GREY (of Ruthin) 73

GREY (of ROTHERFIELD) 76

A.         ORIGINS.. 77

B.         LORDS GREY (of Rotherfield) 82

GREYSTOKE. 83

A.         ORIGINS.. 84

B.         LORDS GREYSTOKE.. 92

HASTINGS. 93

A.         ORIGINS.. 93

B.         LORDS HASTINGS.. 109

HOLAND. 111

A.         ORIGINS.. 111

B.         LORDS HOLAND.. 112

 

 

 

LORDS DEINCOURT (AINCOURT)

 

 

The Complete Peerage states that Aincourt is a village in “the Vexin normand[1].  Loyd specifies that “Ancourt” is in the present-day French département of Seine-Maritime (previously Seine-Inférieure), arrondissement Dieppe, canton Offranville[2]The list of fees held from Philippe II King of France includes “terra Oliveri de Eincuria, unum feodum apud Eincuriam” among the “Ballivia Caletensis, alias domini Gaufridi de Capella[3].  If this entry refers to Oliver [II] de Aincourt, it is curious that he continued to hold property both in England and in France even after King John lost Normandy to the French king. 

 

 

A.      AINCOURT

 

 

1.         WALTER [I] de Aincourt (-[1103]).  The epitaph of his son William indicates that Walter was "consanguinei Remigii episcopi Lincolniensis" but his precise relationship to Remy Bishop of Lincoln has not been ascertained.  Domesday Book records “Walter d'Aincourt” holding land in Morton, Old Brampton, Pilsley, Holmesfield, Elmton and Stony Houghton in Derbyshire; land in Flawborough, Staunton-in-the-Vale, Cotham, East Stoke, Hockerton, Knapthorpe, Bulcote…Granby, in Nottinghamshire; land in Wombwell, West Melton, Toftes and Rawmarsh in Yorkshire West Riding; land in Belton and Great Gonerby Hundreds, in Old Somerby, Humby, Westhorpe, Houghton, Sudwelle, land in the hundreds of Swinstead, Burton-le-Googles, and Branston, in Blankney, and land in Potterhanworth Hundred, all in Lincolnshire[4].  He was related to Remy Bishop of Lincoln, according to the epitaph which records the death of his son "Wi[llelmus] filius Walteri Aiencuriensis consanguinei Remigii episcopi Lincolniensis…"[5].  An undated charter of King Henry II confirms the possessions of York St Mary and lists donations including the donations of “ecclesiam [in Beltona]…decimas suas de Hanawarda et de Blankanaie et de Coreby et de Cotes et de Turgaston et de Greneby et de Hikalinga et de Cnapthorp et de Cartune” made by “Walterus de Daincourt[6]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  An undated charter of King Henry II confirms the possessions of York St Mary and lists donations including the donations made by "Walterus de Daincourt" and the donation of “unam carucatam terræ quæ fuit Brutinæ in Corby et silvam…decimam de domino de Abbingtuna et de Lins et de Thudesham et decimam Ribaldi de Pikenham de altera Lins, et decimam de Herinthorp, decimam Normanni de Fliccaburh, decimam Gerrardi in Apelby et Gamesthorp et terram…Northuuda juxta Burtunam in Lincolschira” made by “Matildis uxor eius[7].  Richard Sharp suggests that she was Mathilde, [illegitimate] daughter of Alain "Rufus" de Bretagne Lord of Richmond & his mistress Gunhild ---[8].  This is based on her apparent royal ancestry which is indicated in the epitaph which records the death of [her son] "Wi[llelmus] filius Walteri Aiencuriensis…regia styrpe progenitus"[9].  It should be noted that the epitaph ("Wi[llelmus] filius Walteri Aiencuriensis consanguinei Remigii episcopi Lincolniensis…prefatus Willelmus regia styrpe progenitus") distinguishes between Walter’s relationship with the bishop of Lincoln and William’s being “regia styrpe progenitus”, which indicates that the latter connection must come from his mother’s family.  Some of the property which she donated to York St Mary was previously held by Alain "Rufus" (including Little Abington in Cambridgeshire, which he had acquired with the lands of "Eddeva Pulcra").  Walter [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         RALPH de Aincourt (-1158 or before).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rad fil Walti" returning in Lincolnshire for "terra Godwini"[10]Radulfus de Ayncourt” founded Thurgarton priory, Nottinghamshire, for the soul of “Basiliæ mulieris meæ”, by undated charter[11]m firstly BASILIE, daughter of ---.  Radulfus de Ayncourt” founded Thurgarton priory, Nottinghamshire, for the soul of “Basiliæ mulieris meæ”, by undated charter[12]m secondly as her second husband, MATILDA, widow of RALPH FitzOdo, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriages has not yet been identified.   Ralph & his first wife had [two] children: 

i)          WALTER [II] de Aincourt (-1168).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1161/62, records knights’ fees of "Walterus de Aencort xxvi I, iii s, iii d" in Lincolnshire, in 1167/68 "Walterus de Aencort xxxiii l, vi s, viii d, de novo v m" in Lincolnshire[13].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "carta Walteri de Ainecurt" in Lincolnshire[14].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "Walterus de Daencurt ii milites" in Yorkshire[15]m AGNES Basset, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Walter [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

(1)       JOHN [I] de Aincourt (-6 Nov 1183).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

-         see below

(2)       [WALTER de Aincourt .  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1186/87, records knights’ fees of "Walterus de Aencurt xx s" in Oxfordshire[16].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1190/91, records knights’ fees of "Walterus de Aencurt xvii l, X s – xxxv milites" in Lincolnshire[17].  The precise parentage of Walter has not been ascertained.  From a chronological point of view, he could have been another son of Walter [II].]   

ii)         [RALPH de Aincourt .  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "Radulfus de Ainecurt iii milites" holding in "carta Walteri de Ainecurt" in Lincolnshire[18].  The precise parentage of Ralph has not been ascertained.  However, it appears likely that he held his land from his near relative, maybe his brother or first cousin.] 

b)         WILLIAM de Aincourt (-30 Oct [1088/98]).  An epitaph records the death "III [Ka]l Nov", while at the court of King William II, of "Wi[llelmus] filius Walteri Aiencuriensis consanguinei Remigii episcopi Lincolniensis…prefatus Willelmus regia styrpe progenitus"[19]

 

 

JOHN [I] de Aincourt, son of WALTER [II] de Aincourt & his wife --- (-6 Nov 1183).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Oliverus filius Johannis de Eincurt xxiv annorum…nepos Radulfi Murdac”, adding that “Johannes de Eincurt obiit elapsis ii annis ad festum sancti Leonardi” and referring to the dower of "domina Aliz uxor Johannis de Eincurt…in Blangenia"[20]

m ALICE Murdac, daughter of --- Murdac & his wife [--- de Chesney] (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Oliverus filius Johannis de Eincurt xxiv annorum…nepos Radulfi Murdac”, adding that “Johannes de Eincurt obiit elapsis ii annis ad festum sancti Leonardi” and referring to the dower of "domina Aliz uxor Johannis de Eincurt…in Blangenia"[21]

John [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         OLIVER [I] de Aincourt ([1161/62]-1201 or before).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Oliverus filius Johannis de Eincurt xxiv annorum…nepos Radulfi Murdac”, adding that “Johannes de Eincurt obiit elapsis ii annis ad festum sancti Leonardi”, and referring to revenue "de Langho…de Branntone…de Blangenia"[22].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1186/87, records knights’ fees of "Oliverus de Aencurt xxxv l" in Lincolnshire[23].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1194/95 and 1196/97, records "Oliver de Aencurt" among "isti habuerunt quietantiam per brevia" in Lincolnshire[24]Oliverus de Aincurta” donated land “in Braunceton...sicut Walterus de Eyncaria avus meus dedit” to Thurgarton priory, Nottinghamshire by undated charter[25]The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1201/12, records knights’ fees of "Oliverus de Aencurt xl milites; in xiii, xxxv per episcopum Norwicensem" in Lincolnshire[26].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1210/12, records "Oliverus de Ainecurt ii milites" in Yorkshire[27].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1210/12, records "honor Oliveri de Encurt" in Lincolnshire[28].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1210/12, records "Oliverus de Aencurt ccv milites" in Nottinghamshire/Derbyshire[29]m firstly ---.  The name of Olvier’s first wife is not known.  The marriage is indicated by the description of the lawsuit, extracts quoted below, which involved Oliver [I]’s wife Amabel and his son Oliver [II], which is inconsistent with Amabel having been Oliver [II]’s mother.  m secondly as her first husband, AMABEL, daughter of --- (-after 10 Feb 1219).  Amabel married secondly Henry Le Eueske: “Henry Le Eueske and Amabilla his wife” claimed parts of manors in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and Buckinghamshire from “Oliver de Aincurt” on the basis that they were “of the inheritance of Oliver de Aincurt father of the said Oliver and late the husband of Amabilla, in Branston Lincolnshire”, dated 10 Feb 1219[30]Oliver [I] & his first wife had one child: 

a)         OLIVER [II] de Aincourt (-after 1231).  “Henry Le Eueske and Amabilla his wife” claimed parts of manors in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and Buckinghamshire from “Oliver de Aincurt” on the basis that they were “of the inheritance of Oliver de Aincurt father of the said Oliver and late the husband of Amabilla, in Branston Lincolnshire”, dated 10 Feb 1219[31].  The list of fees held from Philippe II King of France includes “terra Oliveri de Eincuria, unum feodum apud Eincuriam” among the “Ballivia Caletensis, alias domini Gaufridi de Capella[32].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Willelmus Longespei et Idonea uxor eius" against "Oliuero de Ayncurt et Nicholæ uxori eius" concerning "manerium de Dudingtona", inherited from "Nicholaæ de Haya avie ipsius Idonee cuius heres ipsa est" which names "Gerardum de Kaunuilla et Nicholaam uxorem eius Ricardum de Humaz et Juliam uxorem eius et Willelmum de Rullos et Isabellam uxorem eius" as "filias et heredes Ricardi de Haya"[33]m NICOLE, daughter of ---.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Willelmus Longespei et Idonea uxor eius" against "Oliuero de Ayncurt et Nicholæ uxori eius" concerning "manerium de Dudingtona", inherited from "Nicholaæ de Haya avie ipsius Idonee cuius heres ipsa est" which names "Gerardum de Kaunuilla et Nicholaam uxorem eius Ricardum de Humaz et Juliam uxorem eius et Willelmum de Rullos et Isabellam uxorem eius" as "filias et heredes Ricardi de Haya"[34].  Nicole was presumably closely related to the La Haye family.  The document quoted above does not specify the relationship.  Oliver [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          JOHN [II] Deincourt of Blankney, Lincolnshire (-before 14 Oct 1257).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

-         see below

2.         [JOHN de Aincourt .  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1201/12, records knights’ fees of "Johannes de Eyncurt et Hugo de Stiventone i militem" in Derbyshire "de honore de Tikehulle"[35].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1211/12, records "Johannes de Eyncurt et Radulfus de Willeby i militem, quilibet dimidium" in "honor de Tykehulle" in Derbyshire[36]. The precise parentage of John has not been ascertained.  From a chronological point of view, he could have been another son of John [I].] 

3.         [ROGER de Aincourt .  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1210/12, records "Rogerus de Eincurt ii milites" holding in "honor Oliveri de Encurt" in Lincolnshire[37].  The precise parentage of Roger has not been ascertained.  However, it appears likely that he held his land from his near relative, maybe his brother or first cousin.] 

 

 

1.         GERVAIS de Aincourt (-after [1189]).  “Helewis filia Willelmi de Lancastr” confirmed to “Gileberto fratri meo...terras quas pater meus” had given him “Slegil...et Sockebroc et Tyrerhge...et totam terram de Paterickedale” by charter dated to [1189], witnessed by “......Roberto de Pinkenei...Gervas de Aencurt...[38]

 

2.         RALPH de Aincourt (-after [1225/26]).  A charter dated to [1357] confirmed an agreement dated to [1225/26] between “dominum Willelmum de Lancastre” and “dominum Thomam filium Willelmi” [Greystoke] concerning fisheries “in essaveria de Ulleswatr”, and another agreement between “dominus Willus de Lancastre et Radulphus de Ayncurt et Rogerus de Lancastre et dominus Thomas filius Willelmi” concerning “stangno de Stayneton”, and also notes that “Ketell filius Aldred” donated “2 bovatas terre et molendinum de Barton” to the hospital of St. Nicholas and that “Wills filius Gilberti” confirmed the donation made by “predictus Ketel avunculus eius[39]

 

 

 

B.      LORDS DEINCOURT

 

 

JOHN [II] Deincourt of Blankney, Lincolnshire, son of OLIVER [II] de Aincourt & his wife Nicole --- (-before 14 Oct 1257).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  A charter dated 8 Nov 1251 records an agreement between “Johannem de Eyncurt et Agnetem uxorem eius” and “Henricum filium Willelmi de Percy” (authorised by “Henricus filius Ricardi de Percy”) relating to land “in Herghum[40]

m firstly ---. 

m secondly (before 12 Nov 1251) as her second husband, AGNES de Neville, widow of RICHARD de Percy of Topcliffe, Yorkshire, daughter of GEOFFREY de Neville of Raby, co. Durham & his wife Joan --- (-[16 Jun 1285/20 Jul 1293]).  A charter dated 8 Nov 1251 records an agreement between “Johannem de Eyncurt et Agnetem uxorem eius” and “Henricum filium Willelmi de Percy” (authorised by “Henricus filius Ricardi de Percy”) relating to land “in Herghum[41]

John [II] & his second wife had one child: 

1.         EDMUND Deincourt (-6 Jan 1327).  He was summoned to Parliament from 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord Deincourtm ISABEL de Mohun, daughter of REYNOLD de Mohun of Dunster, Somerset & his second wife Isabel de Ferrers of the Earls of Derby.  Edmund & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOHN Deincourt (-before 1327).  m ---.  The name of John’s wife is not known.  John & his wife had children: 

i)          WILLIAM Deincourt (-2 Jun 1364).  He succeeded his grandfather as Lord Deincourt

-         see below

 

 

WILLIAM Deincourt, son of JOHN Deincourt & his wife --- (-2 Jun 1364).  He succeeded his grandfather as Lord Deincourt

m (before 26 Mar 1326) MILLICENT La Zouche, daughter of WILLIAM La Zouche Lord Zouche (of Harringworth, Northamptonshire) & his wife Maud Lovel of Titchmarsh, Northamptonshire (-22 Jun 1379). 

William & his wife had children:

1.         WILLIAM Deincourt (-before 1364).  m MARGARET de Welle, daughter of ADAM de Welle of Well, Lincolnshire, Lord Welle & his wife ---.  William & his wife had children: 

a)         WILLIAM Deincourt (26 Dec 1357-15/16 Oct 1381).  He succeeded his grandfather as Lord Deincourtm ALICE Neville, of JOHN Neville Lord Neville & his first wife Matilda Percy (-20 Jun 1433).  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Alesiam uxorem domini de Bayncote, Matillidem nuptam Willelmo de Scrope, Radulphus, Ydoniam, Alienoram uxorem Radulphi de Lumley, Thomam dominum de Furnival" as the children of "Johannem dominum de Neuille" and his wife "Matillidem filiam Henrici domini de Percy"[42]William & his wife had children: 

i)          RALPH Deincourt (24 Jun 1380-7 Nov 1384). 

ii)         JOHN Deincourt (Middleham, Yorkshire 28 Feb 1382-11 May 1406)Lord Deincourtm (before 17 Feb 1401) JOAN Grey, daughter and heiress of ROBERT Grey Lord Grey (of Rotherfield, Oxfordshire) & his first wife Joan --- (Rotherfield [20] Jul 1386-20 Nov 1408).  John & his wife had three children: 

(a)       WILLIAM Deincourt ([1402/03]-5 Sep 1422)Lord Deincourtm (licence 3 Jan 1418) as her first husband, ELIZABETH de Beaumont, daughter of HENRY de Beaumont Lord Beaumont & his wife Elizabeth Willoughby of Eresby (-[20 or 27] Jul 1447).  She married secondly (Papal mandate for dispensation 15 Jul 1427) as his second wife, Richard Hastinges of Newton Harcourt, Leicestershire.  She married thirdly as his second wife, Thomas Neville of Brancepeth, co. Durham. 

(b)       ALICE Deincourt (25 Feb 1404-10 Feb 1474).  m firstly (before 3 Nov 1423) WILLIAM Lovell Lord Lovell (of Titchmarsh), son of JOHN Lovel Lord Lovel & his wife [Eleanor Zouche of Haringworth] (-13 Jun 1455).  m secondly (Royal licence 8 Jan 1463) as his second wife, RALPH Boteler Lord Sudeley, son of --- (-2 May 1473). 

(c)       MARGARET Deincourt (21 Sep 1405-16 Sep 1454, bur Tattershall).  m (before 3 Nov 1423) RALPH Cromwell Lord Cromwell, son of ---. 

 

 

 

ENGAINE

 

 

A.      ORIGINS

 

 

1.         RICHARD [I] Engaine (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Richard Engaine” holding land in Lillingstone Lovell in Oxfordshire [Buckinghamshire][43].  Domesday Book records “jurors in Huntingdon” who "say that 36 hides of land in Brampton which Richard Engaine claims belong to the forest were [part] of the king’s demesne farm"[44].  [m firstly/secondly ---.  The source quoted below refers to Richard [I]’s known wife as "ultimæ uxori suæ , suggesting that he had a previous wife or wives.]  "m [secondly/thirdly?] as her first husband, ---.  She married secondly Richard FitzUrse.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "F[ulconis] de Lisuris" in Northamptonshire, referring to land which "Ricardus Engaine avus meus" gave to "ultimæ uxori suæ in dotem, scilicet uxori Ricardi filii Ursi"[45].  Richard [I] & his [first/second/third] wife had three children: 

a)         VITALIS [Viel] [I] Engaine (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Vitalis Engaine...Rogerus de Bennifeld" returning for “terre Willi de Lusor”, and “idem Vitalis” for “de censu Forest...terram suam de Laxetona”, in Northamptonshire[46]The Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo records "Viel Enganie en Torp iii virgæ et en Haragrava dimidia hida et en Pihtesle...i milite" among the “Descriptio militum de abbatia de Burgo”, marginal notes reading “iste fuit avus Ricardi Engaine qui modo est...Pater Fulconis de Lisures[47]m --- de Lisours, daughter of WILLIAM de Lisours & his wife ---.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Vitalis Engaine...Rogerus de Bennifeld" returning for “terre Willi de Lusor” in Northamptonshire[48].  The entry, as well as the name used by Vitalis’s son Fulk, suggest that Vitalis married the daughter of William de Lisours.  Vitalis [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          RICHARD [II] Engaine (-before 1177).  The Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo records "Ricardus Engaine ii hidæ in Hamtonascira...i milite..." among the “Descriptio militum de abbatia de Burgo”, marginal notes reading “iste fuit filius Viel et pater Ricardi qui modo est[49]

-         see below

ii)         FULK de Lisours (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "F[ulconis] de Lisuris" in Northamptonshire, referring to land which "Ricardus Engaine avus meus" gave to "ultimæ uxori suæ in dotem, scilicet uxori Ricardi filii Ursi" and refers to land held by "duæ amitæ meæ"[50]The Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo records "Viel Enganie en Torp iii virgæ et en Haragrava dimidia hida et en Pihtesle...i milite" among the “Descriptio militum de abbatia de Burgo”, marginal notes reading “iste fuit avus Ricardi Engaine qui modo est...Pater Fulconis de Lisures[51]m ALIX d’Auberville, daughter of --- ([1135]-after 29 Sep 1189).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Alicia que fuit uxor Fulconis de Lisoriis et soror Willielmi de Auberville...L annorum et habet ii filios milites et ii alios et vi filias maritatas et iii filias maritandas” and specifies "terra sua in Glaptorn...in Abitone...et in Hundredo de Spelho"[52]Fulk & his wife had thirteen children: 

(1)       thirteen children .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Alicia que fuit uxor Fulconis de Lisoriis et soror Willielmi de Auberville...L annorum et habet ii filios milites et ii alios et vi filias maritatas et iii filias maritandas” and specifies "terra sua in Glaptorn...in Abitone...et in Hundredo de Spelho"[53]

b)         daughter .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "-ugo de Auco" returning for “terra et filia Ric Ingaine et minist suo de Forest” in Northamptonshire[54].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "F[ulconis] de Lisuris" in Northamptonshire, referring to land which "Ricardus Engaine avus meus" gave to "ultimæ uxori suæ in dotem, scilicet uxori Ricardi filii Ursi" and refers to land held by "duæ amitæ meæ"[55]m HUGUES d’Eu, son of --- (-after 1129). 

c)         daughter .  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "F[ulconis] de Lisuris" in Northamptonshire, referring to land which "Ricardus Engaine avus meus" gave to "ultimæ uxori suæ in dotem, scilicet uxori Ricardi filii Ursi" and refers to land held by "duæ amitæ meæ"[56]

 

 

There is some chronological difficulty with the parentage of Robert de Lisours.  The name “Lisours” suggests a connection with Fulk de Lisours who is named above.  However, given the death of his daughter’s first husband in 1163 (see below), it is difficult to imagine Robert being born later than 1120 at the latest.  If that is correct, he could not have been Fulk’s son by his known wife Alix d’Auberville, given that the latter was declared as 50 years old in 1185 (see above).  This affiliation would only seem to work if Alix’s age was under-declared by at least 30 years, which seems impossible if she had three unmarried daughters still of marriageable age in 1185.  Three possible solutions are suggested:

(1) Robert was Fulk’s son by an earlier marriage, although that would mean that Fulk himself was born much earlier than appears consistent with the chronology of the Engaine family. 

(2) Robert was the son of Vitalis [I] Engaine. 

(3) Robert was a member of the previous Lisours family, maybe a relative of the supposed wife of Vitalis [I]. 

 

1.         ROBERT de Lisours ([before 1120?]-after 1167).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Lisures i m" in Huntingdonshire in [1167/68][57]m AUBREYE de Lacy, daughter of ROBERT de Lacy & his wife Matilda ---.  According to The Complete Peerage, Aubreye de Lisours, successor of Robert de Lacy was his cousin[58], implying that her mother was Robert’s paternal aunt.  This appears to be confirmed by the 1130 Pipe Roll which records "Robt de Lusor" in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and that he married "sorore Ilbti de Laci"[59].  An apparently different version of Aubreye’s parentage is provided by a manuscript history of the Lacy family which records that “Albreda vel Aubreia, filia Roberti Lisours, soror ex parte matris” succeeded on the death of “Robertus Lacy[60].  If this is correct, Aubreye’s father was the [first/second] husband of Robert de Lacy’s mother.  As the husband of Aubrey junior died in 1163, the chronology suggests that, if this version is correct, it is more probable that Aubreye was the daughter of her mother’s first marriage.  It appears from the 1130 Pipe Roll that the Complete Peerage version is to be preferred.  Robert & his wife had one child:  AUBREYE de Lisours ([before 1145?]-after Sep 1200).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family records that “Albreda vel Aubreia, filia Roberti Lisours, soror ex parte matris” succeeded on the death of “Robertus Lacy” and that she married “Richardus constabularius Cestriæ[61]Domesday Descendants records her second marriage but does not cite the corresponding primary source[62].  Her third marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 12 Nov 1177 under which the Templars and “Radulfum filium Stephani” settled a dispute concerning “unam carucatam terre in Roueston” which “Galfridus de Cauz” had given to “Albrede de Lisuriis uxori sue in dotem” and “terram que fuit Roberti fratris Gaufridi de Cauz in Ruueston[63].  "Willelmus filius Godrici" paid a fine for his marriage with "matre Johannis constabularii" in 1178[64].  A charter dated 1194 records a final agreement relating to a dispute between “Albredam de Lisores et Rogerum constabularium Cestrie nepotem suum” concerning the land of “Roberti de Lasci”, also naming “Roberti de Lisores patris ipsius Albrede” and “Willelmus filius prefate Albrede[65]m firstly RICHARD FitzEustache, son of EUSTACHE FitzJohn & his second wife Agnes --- (-1163).  m secondly as his second wife, WILLIAM de Clairfait, son of --- (-1168).  m thirdly GEOFFREY de Cauz, son of ROBERT [I] de Cauz & his wife Isabel de Ferrers (-[before 12 Nov 1177]).  m fourthly ([1178]) WILLIAM FitzGodric, son of GODRIC & his wife ---

 

 

The chronology suggests that the following two individuals were brothers of Richard [I] Engaine, but the relationship has not been confirmed. 

 

1.         WILLIAM Engaine (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “William Engaine” holding land in Gidding in Huntingdonshire[66]

 

2.         WALDIN Engaine (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Waldin Engain” holding Willoughton, Hackthorn, Keelby, Itterby, Thorganby, Ravendale, Beelsby, Wragby, Langton by Wragby and Kelstern in Lincolnshire[67]

 

 

1.         RALPH Engaine .  His donation to Wetherhal is noted in the charter quoted under his wife.  m as her first husband, EBRIA [Ebrea] de Trivers, daughter of ROBERT de Trivers [Trevers/Travers] & his wife ---.  J. E. Prescott (editor of the Wetherhal cartulary) shows her parentage, suggesting that her mother was “(?) sister of Ranulph Meschin” citing in an earlier passage the Testa de Nevill (quoted next) saying that the barony of Burgh-upon-Sands (named in the undated charter quoted below) was granted “by Ranulph Meschin ‘Lord of Cumberland’ [Vicomte du Bessin, later Earl of Chester] to Robert de Trivers (said to be his brother-in-law)[68].  Her parentage is indicated by the Testa de Nevill which records "Ricardus de Lucy et Ricardus Gernun" holding land previously held by “Hugonis de Morvill cum duabus filiis predicti Hugonis de domino rege”, noting that “comes Ranulfus quondam dominus Cumberland” had granted the land (as well as “custodiam foreste de Cumberland”) to “Roberto de Trivers antecessori predicti Hugonis de Morvill[69].  Her marriage is indicated by the undated charter under which [her granddaughter’s first husband] “Symon de Morvilla” confirmed donations to Wetherhal, land “in Croglyn” [Little Croglyn, parish of Kirkoswald[70]] donated by “domina Ybri”, and “duas salinas in parochia de Burgo” (one donated by “Radulphus Engahin”, the other by “Willelmus filius eius”)[71].  “Willelmus filius Elyæ de Croglyn”, with the consent of “Ysoudæ uxoris meæ et hæredum meorum”, renounced claims over “dimidiam partem villæ de Croglyn...” which had been donated to Wetherhal by “domina Ybri”, by undated charter[72].  She married secondly as his second wife, Orm.  Her second marriage is indicated by the following document: "Gospatricius filius Orm" donated "villam de Salterge…" to St Bees by undated charter (dated to before 1158), witnessed by "Alano filio Wallef, Willelmo Engaine, Gilberto fratre eius, Roberto filio Orm, Micaele fratre eius…Elgiva uxore ipsius Gospatricii, Ebrea matre eius…Thoma filio Gospatricii, Adam, Roberto fratribus eius...Rogero filio Orm"[73].  Michael Anne Guido, noting that “the identity of [the witness] Ebrea is not conclusively proven” by this document, suggests that “there is circumstancial evidence which allows the postulation that [Gospatrick’s mother was] probably Ebrea de Travers...whose first husband was Ranulf Engaine”: she suggests convincingly that the prominent position of “Willelmo Engaine, Gilberto fratre eius” in the witness list (before the donor’s brothers, wife and mother) indicates a close family relationship with the donor[74].  As the mother of the Engaine brothers was also called “Ebria” as noted here, their witness list position would be justified if they were the donor’s uterine half-brothers.  Ralph & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM Engaine .  His parentage is indicated by the undated charter quoted below under his daughter, under which his son-in-law confirmed donations to Wetherhal made by “domina Ybri” and “Radulphus Engahin [et]...Willelmus filius eius”.  "Gospatricius filius Orm" donated "villam de Salterge", and confirmed "ecclesiam de Wirchingetona" and "ecclesiam de Halfringtuna" which "Elemerus clericus, cognatus meus" held during his lifetime, to St Bees by undated charter (dated to before 1158), witnessed by "…Willelmo Engaine, Gilberto fratre eius…"[75]m EUSTACHIE, daughter of ---.  J. E. Prescott records her name, citing “Regest. Lanercost[76].  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          ADA Engaine .  Her parentage and two marriages are shown in The Complete Peerage[77].  Her ancestry is indicated by the undated charter under which [her first husband] “Symon de Morvilla” confirmed land “in Croglyn”, donated by “domina Ybri”, and “duas salinas in parochia de Burgo” (one donated by “Radulphus Engahin”, the other by “Willelmus filius eius”) to Wetherhal[78]m firstly SIMON de Morville, son of ---.  m secondly ROBERT de Vaux, son of HUBERT de Vaux of Irthington, Cumberland & his wife Grace --- (-1194). 

b)         GILBERT Engaine .  "Gospatricius filius Orm" donated "villam de Salterge", and confirmed "ecclesiam de Wirchingetona" and "ecclesiam de Halfringtuna" which "Elemerus clericus, cognatus meus" held during his lifetime, to St Bees by undated charter (dated to before 1158), witnessed by "…Willelmo Engaine, Gilberto fratre eius…"[79]

 

 

RICHARD [II] Engaine, son of VITALIS [I] Engaine & his wife --- de Lisours (-before 1177).  The Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo records "Ricardus Engaine ii hidæ in Hamtonascira...i milite..." among the “Descriptio militum de abbatia de Burgo”, marginal notes reading “iste fuit filius Viel et pater Ricardi qui modo est[80]

m as her first husband, MARGERY, daughter of RICHARD FitzUrse & his wife Matilda de Boulers ([1134/35]-after 1185).  A plea at Westminster, dating to the ninth year of Henry III King of England [1226], records that "Vitalis Engaing" claimed land "in honore de Mungumery" which "Dominus Rex H, senex" had given "in maritagium Baldewino de Bollers cum Sibilla de Faleise, nepte ipsius H regis", and that "eadem Sibilla" had "unam filiam Matillidem de ipso Baldewino" who "dominus Rex" gave to "Ricardo filio Ursie" who by her had "unum filium et duas filias…Reginaldum filium Ursi et Margeriam primogenitam et Mabiliam"[81].  She married secondly Geoffrey Brito.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Margareta Engaine”, that she was "in donatione Domini Regis intra hos viii annos", that she had married “Galfridus Brito”, her land in "hundredum de Wilebroc" in Northamptonshire, and also in "Cleile hundredum", the entry for the latter recording that she was "L annorum…filia Ricardi filii Ursi" and naming her heir "Ricardus Engaine"[82].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a claim dated 1220, recorded by Bracton, by "Vitalis Engaun et Rogerus Gernet" against "Willelmum de Cantelupo et Maziliam uxorem eius" which recites that "Ricardus filius Ursy antecessor eorum" had "unum filium…Reginaldum et duas filias Margeriam et Mabiliam", that Margery was "avie ipsius Vitalis"[83]

Richard [II] & his wife had one child: 

1.         RICHARD [III] Engaine (-Apr 1208).  The Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo records "Ricardus Engaine ii hidæ in Hamtonascira...i milite..." among the “Descriptio militum de abbatia de Burgo”, marginal notes reading “iste fuit filius Viel et pater Ricardi qui modo est[84]. The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Margareta Engaine”, that she was "in donatione Domini Regis intra hos viii annos", that she had married “Galfridus Brito”, her land in "hundredum de Wilebroc" in Northamptonshire, and also in "Cleile hundredum", the entry for the latter recording that she was "L annorum…filia Ricardi filii Ursi" and naming her heir "Ricardus Engaine"[85].  “Ricardus Engayne” confirmed the foundation of "ecclesia sanctæ Mariæ de Castro-Hymel" and listed various donations, including the donation of "Richardi patris mei", for the souls of “meæ et uxoris meæ Sarræ”, by undated charter witnessed by “…Vitale Engaine, --- Engaine…Galfrido Engaine, Roberto Engaine…[86].  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records its foundation by “Ricardus Engaine senior…dominus de Blatherwick”, adding that he died "IX Kal Mai" 1208[87]m SARAH de Chesney, daughter of WILLIAM de Chesney of Horsford and Colne, Essex & his wife --- (-before Apr 1222).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that its founder “Ricardus Engaine senior…dominus de Blatherwick” married "Saram filiam comitis Oxenford"[88].  Lady of Colne.  “Ricardus Engayne” confirmed the foundation of "ecclesia sanctæ Mariæ de Castro-Hymel" and listed various donations, including the donation of "Richardi patris mei", for the souls of “meæ et uxoris meæ Sarræ”, by undated charter witnessed by “…Vitale Engaine, --- Engaine…Galfrido Engaine, Roberto Engaine…[89].  Richard [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)         RICHARD [IV] Engaine (-[1208/16], bur Huntingdon).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Ricardum…et Vitalem" as the two sons of “Ricardus Engaine senior…dominus de Blatherwick” and his wife "Saram filiam comitis Oxenford", adding that Richard succeeded his father but died childless during the reign of King John without having married, and was buried "apud Huntington"[90]

b)         VITALIS [II] Engaine (-22 Oct 1248).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Ricardum…et Vitalem" as the two sons of “Ricardus Engaine senior…dominus de Blatherwick” and his wife "Saram filiam comitis Oxenford", adding that Vitalis succeeded his brother[91]

-        see below

2.         [WARNER Engaine .  The relationship between Warner and the other members of the Engaine family has not been ascertained.  The fact that his son’s name follows Vitalis Engaine in the record quoted below suggests that they were closely related, maybe first cousins.]  m ---.  The name of Warner’s wife is not known.  Warner & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM Engaine (-[29 Sep 1223/25 Nov 1228]).  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Vitalis Engainne” followed immediately by “Willelmus f Garnerii Engainne” owing in Huntingdonshire[92]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          --- Engaine .  Henry III King of England granted "custodiam terre et heredis Willelmi Engayne" to "Willelmo de Ralegh clerico", and ordered the sheriff of Huntingdonshire to transfer the land and heir to him, dated 25 Nov 1228[93]

 

 

VITALIS [II] Engaine, son of RICHARD [III] Engaine & his wife Sarah de Chesney (-22 Oct 1248).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Ricardum…et Vitalem" as the two sons of “Ricardus Engaine senior…dominus de Blatherwick” and his wife "Saram filiam comitis Oxenford", adding that Vitalis succeeded his brother[94].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Vitalis Engainne” followed immediately by “Willelmus f Garnerii Engainne” owing in Huntingdonshire[95].  A plea at Westminster, dating to the ninth year of Henry III King of England [1226], records that "Vitalis Engaing" claimed land "in honore de Mungumery" which "Dominus Rex H, senex" had given "in maritagium Baldewino de Bollers cum Sibilla de Faleise, nepte ipsius H regis", and that "eadem Sibilla" had "unam filiam Matillidem de ipso Baldewino" who "dominus Rex" gave to "Ricardo filio Ursie" who by her had "unum filium et duas filias…Reginaldum filium Ursi et Margeriam primogenitam et Mabiliam"[96].  A charter in the Ramsey cartulary names "…Dominus Vitalis Engaine, Dominum Willelmum filium suum…" among knights in the service of King Henry III who served in Scotland [13 May/13 Aug] 1244[97].  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records the death "XI Kal Nov" 1264 of “Vitalem Engayne[98]

m ROHESE, daughter of ---.  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that “Vitalem Engayne” married "Roesiam, quæ fuit una trium sororum" who shared "hæreditatem feodi honoris de Montgomery in Wallia"[99]

Vitalis [II] & his wife had four children: 

1.         VITALIS [III] Engaine .  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Vitalem, Henricum, Willielmum et Johannem" as the four sons of “Vitalem Engayne” and his wife "Roesiam", adding that Vitalis died young[100]

2.         HENRY Engaine (-28 Jan 1272).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Vitalem, Henricum, Willielmum et Johannem" as the four sons of “Vitalem Engayne” and his wife "Roesiam", adding that Henry succeeded his father but died unmarried and childless "V Kal Feb 1261 et an. regni regis Henrici 51"[101]

3.         WILLIAM Engaine (-1244 or after).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Vitalem, Henricum, Willielmum et Johannem" as the four sons of “Vitalem Engayne” and his wife "Roesiam", adding that William predeceased his brother Henry[102].  A charter in the Ramsey cartulary names "…Dominus Vitalis Engaine, Dominum Willelmum filium suum…" among knights in the service of King Henry III who served in Scotland [13 May/13 Aug] 1244[103]

4.         JOHN Engaine of Laxton and Blatherwycke, Northamptonshire (-5 Jan 1297, bur Fineshade Priory).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Vitalem, Henricum, Willielmum et Johannem" as the four sons of “Vitalem Engayne” and his wife "Roesiam"[104].  By a writ of plenius certiorari dated 12 Jul “2 Edw I”, after the death of "Joyce (Jocosa) Montfichet alias Munfichet", "John Engaine and Joan his wife...daughter and heir of the said Joyce" complained that the escheator had detained the manor of Byfeld “fell to the said Joan[105].  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records the death "Non Jan" 1297 of “dominus Johannes Engaine[106]m JOAN de Greinville, daughter of GILBERT de Greinville of Hallaton, Leicestershire & his wife Joyce ---.  By a writ of plenius certiorari dated 12 Jul “2 Edw I”, after the death of "Joyce (Jocosa) Montfichet alias Munfichet", "John Engaine and Joan his wife...daughter and heir of the said Joyce" complained that the escheator had detained the manor of Byfeld “fell to the said Joan[107].  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that "dominum Johannem Engaine" married “Joh. filiam et heredem domini Henrici Gray[108]John & his wife had three children: 

a)         JOHN Engaine (-28 Sep 1322).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Johannem Engayne qui temporibus domini Johannis fratris sui moriebatur et Nicolaum Engaine" as the children of "dominum Johannem Engaine" and his wife “Joh. filiam et heredem domini Henrici Gray”, adding that John died "III Kal Oct" 1322[109].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Engaine.  "Johannes filius Johannis Engayne" confirmed the donation of "manerium de Wode-Newton" made to Fineshade priory by “dominus Henricus Engayne avunculus meus”, and donated land "in villa de Blatherwyk" for the souls of "Vitalis Engayne et Roesiæ uxoris eius", by undated charter[110]m ELLEN, daughter of ROBERT FitzRoger of Warkworth, Northumberland and Clavering, Essex & his wife Margaret la Zouche (-before 2 Jun 1339).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that "Johannem Engayne" married "dominam Elenam filiam domino Roberti le Fitz-Roger" but was childless[111]

b)         NICHOLAS Engaine of Colne Engaine and Coton, Essex (-4 or 10 Dec 1322).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Johannem Engayne qui temporibus domini Johannis fratris sui moriebatur et Nicolaum Engaine" as the children of "dominum Johannem Engaine" and his wife “Joh. filiam et heredem domini Henrici Gray”, adding that Nicholas succeeded his brother but only survived 2 months and 2 days before he died "pridie Non Dec" 1322[112]m AMICE de Faucomberge, daughter of WALTER de Faucomberge of Skelton, Cleveland & his wife ---.  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that "dominum Nicolaum" married "dominam Amiciam filiam domini Walteri Fawcomberg"[113]Nicholas & his wife had two children: 

i)          JOHN Engaine (30 May 1302-16 Feb 1357).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Johannem Engayne et Henricum Engaine" as the children of "dominus Nicolaus Engaine" and his wife “dominam Amiciam filiam domini Walteri Fawconberg”, adding that he died in 1357[114].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1355 whereby he is held to have become Lord Engaine

-         see below

ii)         HENRY Engaine .  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Johannem Engayne et Henricum Engaine" as the children of "dominus Nicolaus Engaine" and his wife “dominam Amiciam filiam domini Walteri Fawconberg[115]

c)         JOAN Engaine (-1 Jun 1315)m firstly WALTER FitzRobert, son of ROBERT FitzWalter Baron FitzWalter & his first wife Devorguilla de Burgh (Henham 1275-Dunmow Priory 1293).  m secondly ADAM de Welle of Well, Lincolnshire, son of --- (-1 Sep 1311).

 

 

 

B.      LORDS ENGAINE

 

 

JOHN Engaine, son of NICHOLAS Engaine & his wife Amice de Faucomberge (30 May 1302-16 Feb 1357).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names "Johannem Engayne et Henricum Engaine" as the children of "dominus Nicolaus Engaine" and his wife “dominam Amiciam filiam domini Walteri Fawconberg”, adding that he died in 1357[116].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1355 whereby he is held to have become Lord Engaine

m (after 12 Nov 1318) JOAN Peverell, daughter of ROBERT Peverell of Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire & his wife Alice --- (-after 19 Mar 1357).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that "Johannem Engayne" married "dominam Joannam filiam domini Roberti Peverell" by whom he had “duos filios et tres filias…Johannem Engaine, Thomam Engaine, Jocosam Engaine, Elizabetham et Mariam[117]

John & his wife had five children: 

1.         JOHN Engaine (-before 1357).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names “duos filios et tres filias…Johannem Engaine, Thomam Engaine, Jocosam Engaine, Elizabetham et Mariam” as the children of "Johannem Engayne" and his wife "dominam Joannam filiam domini Roberti Peverell"[118]m as her first husband, JOAN de St Quintin, daughter of WILLIAM de St Quintin of Harpham, Yorkshire & his wife ---.  She married secondly as his second wife, William Colville of Ingleby Arncliffe, Yorkshire (-14/15 Sep 1390). 

2.         THOMAS Engaine ([1334/35]-29 Jun 1367).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names “duos filios et tres filias…Johannem Engaine, Thomam Engaine, Jocosam Engaine, Elizabetham et Mariam” as the children of "Johannem Engayne" and his wife "dominam Joannam filiam domini Roberti Peverell", adding that Thomas succeeded his father and died in 1367 childless[119]Lord Engainem (before 18 Oct 1353) KATHERINE de Courtenay, daughter of HUGH de Courtenay Earl of Devon & his wife Margaret de Bohun (-31 Dec 1399).  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[120].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names ”Hugonem…quartum…Thomam, Edwardum, Johannem, Margaretam, Elizabetham, Catherinam” as the children of “Hugonem tertium” and his wife[121].  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that “Thomam Engaine” married "dominam Katerinam filiam comitis Devoniæ" but died childless[122].  The will of "Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford and Essex and Lord of Brecknock", dated 10 Oct 1361 and proved 20 Oct 1361, bequeathed property to “our...nephew Humphrey de Bohun...Elizabeth our niece of Northampton...our niece Dame Catherine d’Engayne...our sister Countess of Ormond, our brother Mons. Hugh de Courtenay Earl of Devonshire...our sister Countess of Devonshire...[123]

3.         JOYCE Engaine ([1336/37]-).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names “duos filios et tres filias…Johannem Engaine, Thomam Engaine, Jocosam Engaine, Elizabetham et Mariam” as the children of "Johannem Engayne" and his wife "dominam Joannam filiam domini Roberti Peverell", adding that Jocosa married "Johannem Goldington" by whom she had "filiam…Katerinam"[124]m JOHN de Goldington of Thele, Hertfordshire and Springfield, Essex, son of ---. 

4.         ELIZABETH Engaine ([1340/41]-1387 or before).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names “duos filios et tres filias…Johannem Engaine, Thomam Engaine, Jocosam Engaine, Elizabetham et Mariam” as the children of "Johannem Engayne" and his wife "dominam Joannam filiam domini Roberti Peverell", adding that Elizabeth married "Laurentium Pabenham militem" by whom she had "filiam…Katerinam" who married "Willielmum Cheney militem" and had "Laurentium et Armam"[125]m LAWRENCE de Pabenham of Pavenham, Bedfordshire, son of --- ([1334/45]-10 Jun 1399). 

5.         MARY Engaine ([1342/43]-19 May 1401).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, names “duos filios et tres filias…Johannem Engaine, Thomam Engaine, Jocosam Engaine, Elizabetham et Mariam” as the children of "Johannem Engayne" and his wife "dominam Joannam filiam domini Roberti Peverell", adding that Mary married "Willielmum Bernake militem" by whom she had "Johannem et Mariam"[126]m firstly WILLIAM Bernak of Saxlingham, Norfolk, Sudbrook and Ranby, Lincolnshire, and Beesthorpe, Nottinghamshire, son of ---.  m secondly THOMAS la Zouche of Westoning, Bedfordshire, son of --- (-30 Oct 1404). 

 

 

 

LORDS FITZROGER

 

 

A.      ORIGINS

 

 

1.         ROGER FitzRichard Lord of Warkworth (-before 1185)m as her second husband, ADELISA de Vere, widow of ROBERT de Essex, daughter of AUBREY de Vere Lord of Hedingham & his wife Adelisa de Clare ([1105]-after 1185).  Leland quotes a Vere manuscript which names "Albericus de Ver pater meus…Adeliza filia Gilberti de Clare" and "Adeliza de Estsexa, filia Alberici Ver et Adelizæ" who married "Rogerus filius Richardi, nepos comitis Hugonis Bigot"[127].  “Roesia comitissa” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “patris mei Alberici et Gaufridi domini mei”, by undated charter, witnessed by “…Willielmo de Veer, Adelisa de Veer, Adelisa de Essexa[128].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Arenho” held by “Alicia de Essex…lx annorum…amita comitis Willelmi et soror comitis Albrici”, adding that she had “ii filios milites et i filiam maritatam Johanni Constabulario Cestrie[129].  The same source, in another passage, records that “Alicia de Essex…est iiii.xx annorum” (presumably indicating "4 x 20 years" i.e. 80, which appears to be a more accurate assessment than the statement in the earlier passage that she was 60 years old, given the general chronology of these families) and held “Clavering sicut dotem suam, de feodo Henrici de Essex”, adding that she had “ii filios milites" and land "in comitatu Norhamton…de feodo comitis Willelmi"[130]Roger & his wife had [six] children: 

a)         ROBERT FitzRoger of Warkworth and Clavering (-22 Nov 1214).  A charter of King John confirmed that “Rogeri fil Rogeri” founded Thickhed Nunnery, Yorkshire, and confirmed donations by "Thomæ fil Rogeri…Emmæ sororis eiusdem Rogeri filii Rogeri", witnessed by "…Rob filio Rogeri…"[131].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Robertus filius Rogeri" holding "manerium de Wercwrth" in Northumberland held by "Rogerius filius Ricardi pater eius" from King Henry II, as well as "baroniam de Waltona…manerium de Robire…manerium de Neuburne…villam de Corebrige"[132]m as her second husband, MARGERY de Chesney, widow of HUGH de Cressy, daughter of WILLIAM de Chesney of Horsford and Cole, Essex & his wife --- (-7 Jan 1231).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “tres filias...Margaretam, Clementiam et Saram” as the children of “Willielmum de Caineto”, son of “domino Roberto filio Walteri fundatori domus sanctæ Fidis de Horsham”, adding that “Margareta” married firstly “cuidam Normanno Hugoni de Crescy”, by whom she had “filium...Rogerum” who married “Isabellam de Ry” and had “quatuor filios...Hugonem, Rogerum, Johannem et Stephanum” all of whom died childless, and secondly “Roberto filio Rogeri[133].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in the honour of Boulogne, dated to [1217/18], which includes "uxor que fuit Roberti filii Rogeri" holding "vii milites…in Torpwidon et Andeg et Massingham et Anemere et Freinges et Wikinham vi milites quos Hugo filius Roberti tenet"[134].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Margarete que fuit uxor Robert f Rogeri...in Blieburg” n Norfolk/Suffolk[135]Robert & his wife had two children: 

i)          JOHN FitzRobert of Warkworth, co. Northumberland (-1240).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “Johannem filium Roberti” as the son of “Roberto filio Rogeri” and his wife[136]

-         see below

ii)         ALICE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m (marriage settlement 28 Nov 1203) as his first wife, PIERS FitzHerbert of Blaenllyfni, son of HERBERT FitzHerbert & his wife Lucy of Hereford (-before 6 Jun 1235, bur Reading).  

b)         RICHARD FitzRoger .  “Richardus filius Rogeri” founded Lythom Priory, Northumberland, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Margaretæ”, and for the health of "domini mei Johannis comitis", by charter dated to the reign of King Richard I[137]m MARGARET, daughter of ---.  “Richardus filius Rogeri” founded Lythom Priory, Northumberland, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Margaretæ”, and for the health of "domini mei Johannis comitis", by charter dated to the reign of King Richard I[138].   

c)         ROGER FitzRoger .  A charter of King John confirmed that “Rogeri fil Rogeri” founded Thickhed Nunnery, Yorkshire, and confirmed donations by "Thomæ fil Rogeri…Emmæ sororis eiusdem Rogeri filii Rogeri", witnessed by "…Rob filio Rogeri…"[139]

d)         THOMAS FitzRoger .  A charter of King John confirmed that “Rogeri fil Rogeri” founded Thickhed Nunnery, Yorkshire, and confirmed donations by "Thomæ fil Rogeri…Emmæ sororis eiusdem Rogeri filii Rogeri", witnessed by "…Rob filio Rogeri…"[140]

e)         EMMA FitzRoger .  A charter of King John confirmed that “Rogeri fil Rogeri” founded Thickhed Nunnery, Yorkshire, and confirmed donations by "Thomæ fil Rogeri…Emmæ sororis eiusdem Rogeri filii Rogeri", witnessed by "…Rob filio Rogeri…"[141].

f)          [ALICE (-after 1185).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Aliciam Vere uxorem Willielmi Mandevill” as the wife of “Johannes constabularium Cestriæ”, son of “Richardus constabularius Cestriæ[142].  Her parentage is clarified by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records property “Arenho” held by her mother “Alicia de Essex…amita comitis Willelmi et soror comitis Albrici”, adding that she has “ii filios milites et i filiam maritatam Johanni Constabulario Cestrie[143].  It is assumed that the reference to “Willielmi Mandevill” is somehow truncated and that he was not Alice’s first husband: he would in fact have been Alice’s first cousin, son of her maternal aunt.  The source, however, only confirms the name of Alice’s mother.  According to Domesday Descendants, Alice was the daughter of Adelisa de Vere by her second husband, Roger FitzRichard Lord of Warkworth[144].  The primary source on which this statement is based has not been identified.  Until the question is further clarified, Alice is shown here in square brackets.  m JOHN de Vesci, son of RICHARD FitzEustace de Vesci & his wife Aubreye de Lisours (-11 Oct 1183).]

 

 

JOHN FitzRobert of Warkworth, co. Northumberland, son of ROBERT FitzRoger of Warkworth & his wife Margery de Chesney (-1240).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “Johannem filium Roberti” as the son of “Roberto filio Rogeri” and his wife[145]

m ADA de Balliol, daughter of HUGH Balliol [Bailleul] of Barnard Castle & his wife Cecilia de Fontaines (-Stokesley late Jul 1251).  A writ after the death of "Ada alias Eda de Baylliol alias de Baillol", dated "8 Sep 35 Hen III", and later inquisitions record that "Stokesley Manor was given by Hugh de Balloil in free marriage to Ada his daughter who, after the death of her husband, enfeoffed Hugh and Robert her sons thereof", that "the said Lady Ada died at Stokesley on Saturday after St James the Apostle, 35 Hen III" and that "the said Hugh took and held seisin of the said manor, in the name of himself and his brother, until expelled"[146]

John & his wife had three children: 

1.         ROGER FitzJohn of Warkworth, Northumberland, Horsford, Norfolk, and Clavering, Essex (-[May] 1249).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “Rogerum” as the son of “Johannem filium Roberti”, son of “Roberto filio Rogeri[147].  Matthew Paris records the death in a 1249 tournament of "quidam de nobilioribus baronibus Borealibus Rogerus filius Johannis" and names his mother "Ada de Bailliol"[148].  [m firstly ---.  As noted below, the 9 Aug 1249 documents relating to land granted to Roger’s wife Isabella/Sibylla and the appointment of a custodian of the lands of his son Robert do not specify that Isabella/Sibylla was Robert’s mother.  It is possible therefore that he was born from an earlier otherwise unrecorded marriage of his father.]  m [secondly] ISABELLA [Sibylla], daughter of --- (-after 9 Aug 1249).  A document dated 9 Aug 1249 grants “manerium de Eynho...manerium de Acclinton...tercia pars foreste de Robur” to “Isabelle [...predicte Sibille] que fuit uxor Rogeri filii Johannis in partem dotis sue de terris que fuerunt predicti Rogeri[149].  No document has been found which confirms Isabella/Sibylla’s family origin.  She is not named as mother of Roger’s son Robert in the document of the same date which appoints a custodian of Robert’s lands until he reached the age of majority.  Roger & his [first/second] wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT FitzRoger of Warkworth, Northumberland and Clavering, Essex (after [1229]-before 29 Apr 1310).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” as the son of “Rogerum”, son of “Johannem filium Roberti”, adding that he inherited “post obitum Stephani de Crescy...in hereditate baronniæ de Horsford, quasi hæres dominæ Margeriæ de Cheny” [his paternal great-grandmother][150].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzRoger

-        see below

2.         HUGH .  A writ after the death of "Ada alias Eda de Baylliol alias de Baillol", dated "8 Sep 35 Hen III", and later inquisitions record that "Stokesley Manor was given by Hugh de Balloil in free marriage to Ada his daughter who, after the death of her husband, enfeoffed Hugh and Robert her sons thereof", that "the said Lady Ada died at Stokesley on Saturday after St James the Apostle, 35 Hen III" and that "the said Hugh took and held seisin of the said manor, in the name of himself and his brother, until expelled"[151]

3.         ROBERT .  A writ after the death of "Ada alias Eda de Baylliol alias de Baillol", dated "8 Sep 35 Hen III", and later inquisitions record that "Stokesley Manor was given by Hugh de Balloil in free marriage to Ada his daughter who, after the death of her husband, enfeoffed Hugh and Robert her sons thereof"[152]

 

 

 

B.      LORDS FITZROGER, LORDS CLAVERING

 

 

ROBERT FitzRoger of Warkworth, Northumberland and Clavering, Essex, son of ROGER FitzJohn of Warkworth & his [first/second wife ---/Isabella [Sibylla] ---] (after [1229]-before 29 Apr 1310).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” as the son of “Rogerum”, son of “Johannem filium Roberti”, adding that he inherited “post obitum Stephani de Crescy...in hereditate baronniæ de Horsford, quasi hæres dominæ Margeriæ de Cheny” [his paternal great-grandmother][153].  The following document shows that Robert was a minor when his father died: A document dated 9 Aug 1249 appoints “Willelmo de Valencia” as “custodiam terre que fuit...Rogeri [filii Johannis] usque ad legitimam etatem ipsius Rogeri [presumably error for “Roberti”]” except for property assigned to “Isabelle que fuit uxor predicti Rogeri[154].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzRoger

m MARGARET la Zouche, daughter of ---.  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk records that “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” married “Margeriam de la Souche[155].  Her precise relationship to the Zouche family has not been ascertained. 

Robert & his wife had eight children: 

1.         JOHN FtzRobert of Costessey, Norfolk ([1265/66]-Aynhoe, Northamptonshire [1/23] Jan 1332, bur Langley Abbey, Norfolk).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “multos filios et filias...Johannem, Alexandrum, Rogerum, Robertum, Alanum, Henricum et Edmundum” as the children of “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” and his wife “Margeriam de la Souche[156].  He adopted the name Clavering.  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Claveringm (1278) HAWISE de Tibetot, daughter of ROBERT de Tibetot & his wife --- ([before 1266]-1345, before 14 Apr).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk records that “Johannem”, son of “Robertum filium Rogeri”, married “Hawisiam[157]John & his wife had one child: 

a)         EVA de Clavering (-30 Sep 1369, bur Langley Abbey, Norfolk).  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “Evam...cognomen...Clavering” as the child of “Johannem”, son of “Robertum filium Rogeri”, adding that she had “filiam...Evam, quæ nunc se clamat advocatricem domus de Sibeton, de Langley, sanctæ Fidis et de Bliburg” who married firstly “Thomæ de Audele” who died childless and secondly “militi Radulfo de Ufford”, thirdly “Jacobo de Audele”, and fourthly “Roberto Benhalle militi” who died childless[158].  The passage suggests that there were two persons named Eva, mother and daughter.  However, from a chronological point of view this does not seem possible considering that Eva had children by her second husband who died in 1314.  Presumably there is some error in the manuscript.  After her second husband was killed at the battle of Bannockburn, Eva lived with, but did not marry, her first husband's first cousin.  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk records that Eva was buried “in monasterio de Langley[159]m firstly THOMAS Audley, son of NICHOLAS Audley & his wife Catherine Giffard (1288-[8 Jul/14 Dec] 1307, bur Langley Abbey, Norfolk).  m secondly ( before 2 Dec 1308) THOMAS de Ufford, son of ROBERT de Ufford & his first wife Mary --- (-killed in battle Bannockburn 24 Jun 1314, bur Langley Abbey, Norfolk).  Mistress of JAMES Audley of Stratton Audley, son of HUGH de Audley Lord Audley & his wife Isolda de Rous (-before 1 Mar 1334, bur Langley Abbey, Norfolk).  m thirdly (before 1342) ROBERT de Benhale, son of --- (-[1404], bur Langley Abbey, Norfolk).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1360, but not subsequently, whereby he may be held to have become Lord Benhale[160]

2.         ALEXANDER .  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “multos filios et filias...Johannem, Alexandrum, Rogerum, Robertum, Alanum, Henricum et Edmundum” as the children of “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” and his wife “Margeriam de la Souche[161]

3.         ROGER .  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “multos filios et filias...Johannem, Alexandrum, Rogerum, Robertum, Alanum, Henricum et Edmundum” as the children of “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” and his wife “Margeriam de la Souche[162]

4.         ROBERT .  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “multos filios et filias...Johannem, Alexandrum, Rogerum, Robertum, Alanum, Henricum et Edmundum” as the children of “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” and his wife “Margeriam de la Souche[163]

5.         ALAN .  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “multos filios et filias...Johannem, Alexandrum, Rogerum, Robertum, Alanum, Henricum et Edmundum” as the children of “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” and his wife “Margeriam de la Souche[164]

6.         HENRY .  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “multos filios et filias...Johannem, Alexandrum, Rogerum, Robertum, Alanum, Henricum et Edmundum” as the children of “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” and his wife “Margeriam de la Souche[165]

7.         EDMUND .  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “multos filios et filias...Johannem, Alexandrum, Rogerum, Robertum, Alanum, Henricum et Edmundum” as the children of “Robertum filium Rogeri, nunc patronum” and his wife “Margeriam de la Souche[166]

8.         ELLEN (-before 2 Jun 1339).  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that "Johannem Engayne" married "dominam Elenam filiam domino Roberti le Fitz-Roger" but was childless[167]m JOHN Engaine, son of JOHN Engaine of Laxton and Blatherwycke, Northamptonshire & his wife Joan de Greinville (-28 Sep 1322).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Engaine. 

 

 

 

FITZWALTER (of Woodham Walter, Essex)

 

 

A.      ORIGINS

 

 

ROBERT FitzRichard de Clare, son of RICHARD de Brionne Lord of Clare and Tonbridge [Normandy] & his wife Rohese Giffard (-[1134], bur Priory of St Neot).  Guillaume of Jumièges names “Richardum strenuissimum militem” as the son of “comes Gislebertus filius Godefridus comitis”, adding that he donated property to Bec with “filii eius Gislebertus, Rogerius, Walterius, Rodbertus[168].  Orderic Vitalis names “Rogerium et Gislebertum, Gualterium et Rodbertum atque Ricardum” as the children of “Gisleberti comitis [filium] Ricardum” and his wife “Roaldem Gualterii Gifardi filiam[169].  Henry I King of England granted him the fiefdom of Little Dunmow, Essex[170].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the death in 1134 of “Robertus filius Ricardi, primus patronus canonicorum de Dunmawe” and his burial “apud Sanctum Neotum”, although the dating of events in this source appears shaky[171]

m ([1112]) as her first husband, MATILDA de Senlis, daughter of SIMON de Senlis Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton & his wife Matilda of Huntingdon (-before 1163).  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland names "Simon, Waldev and Matilda" as the children of Simon Earl of Huntingdon and his wife Matilda, commenting that they "are still young and in their infancy"[172].  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Daventre priory records that “Symonis de Seynliz” had two sisters “quarum una…Matildis Seynliz” married “Robertus filius Ricardi”, but does not name the second sister[173].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the marriage in 1112 of “Robertus filius Ricardi” and “Matildam de Sancto Lisio”, although the dating of events in this source appears shaky[174].  She married secondly (1136) Saher de Quincy.  The Complete Peerage records her second marriage, citing Hatton’s Book of Seals for “proof of this marriage”, and in a later passage that “her charter of dower lands in Essex and London, bearing her seal, is witnessed by her sons Walter FitzRobert and Saher[175].  The 1157/58 Pipe Roll records "Matildi de Seinliz" in Essex and Hertfordshire under "Nova Placita & Noue Conuentiones", suggesting that this related to her dower land soon after the death of her husband[176].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the death in 1140 of “Matildis de Sancto Licio uxor Roberti filii Ricardi”, although the dating of events in this source appears shaky[177]

Robert FitzRichard & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         WALTER FitzRobert (-1198, bur Dunmow Priory).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Daventre priory names “Walterum et Symoni fratri suo” as the two sons of “Robertus filius Ricardi” and his wife Matilda[178].  “Walterus filius Roberti” donated “terram de teia” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “patris mei Roberti filii Ricardi et matris mee Matildis et...Rohaise amite mee que ecclesiam Sancti Johannis fundavit et fratrum suorum”, to Colchester St. John by undated charter[179].  “Walterus filius Roberti” donated property to Daventre Priory, for the souls of “Roberti filii Ricardi patris mei et Matildis de Senliz matris meæ…et uxoris meæ Matildis de Lucy et filiorum et filiarum mearum”, by undated charter[180].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Walterus filius Roberti" paying "xxxi l xv s, lxiii milites et dimidium" in Essex, Hertfordshire[181].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Walterus filius Roberti" being granted delay to pay "per brevia" in Essex, Herefordshire[182].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the death in 1198 of “Walterus filius Roberti” and his burial at Dunmow[183]m firstly MATILDA de Lucy Lady of Diss, Norfolk, daughter of RICHARD de Lucy, justiciar & his wife ---.  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Ricardo de Luce" granted "Disce" in Norfolk to "Waltero filio Roberti…in maritagio cum filia sua", adding that it was currently held by "Robertus filius Walteri"[184].  “Walterus filius Roberti” donated property to Daventre Priory, for the souls of “…uxoris meæ Matildis de Lucy et filiorum et filiarum mearum”, by undated charter[185].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1225, by "Ricardus filius Reginaldi et Roysia uxor eius" against "Robertum filium Walteri" for part of "terre…in Lewes" inherited from "Roysia de Douera auia sua", the defendant stating that "Matillis mater sua et Aleisia mater Ricardi de Umframuilla et Auelina auia Ricardi de Muntfichet fuerunt sorores" all of whom inherited part of the land in question[186][187]m secondly (after 1163) as her [third] husband, MATILDA de Bohun, widow [firstly] of HENRY d'Oilly, [and secondly of JUHEL de Mayenne], daughter of HUMPHREY de Bohun & his wife Margaret of Hereford ([1140/43]-after 9 Feb 1196).  Her parentage is established by a 1263 inquisition which confirms that Humphrey de Bohun, grandfather of Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford at that time, gave Bradenham to his sister Maud[188].  Her first and [third] marriages are confirmed by a lawsuit recorded in 1194 in which "Matill uxor Walteri fil Robti" sued "Cecilia uxore Rad fil Wigain" over Swereford manor, Oxfordshire, given to her by "Henri de Oilli vir eius…in dote"[189].  Her possible second marriage is confirmed by the Feet of Fines which records the judgment dated 9 Feb 1196 in a claim by "Henricus de Bohon…pro Adam de Greiuill" against "Matill de Bohon" concerning land "villa de Waleton…villam de Blakemer" and "in villa de Niweton" given to Matilda "in maritagium quondam Iuhellus de Mee---e"[190].  It is supposed that Matilda was the plaintiff’s aunt, although this is not specifically stated in the document.  It is supposed that the name "de Mee---e" indicates Mayenne, but this is not beyond all doubt.  Walter & his first wife had [four or more] children: 

a)         ROBERT FitzWalter of Woodham Walter, Essex (-9 Dec 1235, Dunmow Priory).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the succession of “Robertus filius Walteri” on the death of “Walterus filius Roberti”, adding that in 1216 the dispute between the barons and King John was triggered in 1216 because the king desired “Matildis…filia domini Roberti filii Walteri[191].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus filius Walteri" holding 15 knights’ fees "Wodeham" in Essex in [1210/12][192].  He went with Saher de Quincy Earl of Winchester (his cousin through his paternal grandmother) to invite Louis de France to England in early 1216[193].  Matthew Paris records, in 1218, the arrival at Damieta in Egypt of “...Roberto filio Walteri...[194].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1225, by "Ricardus filius Reginaldi et Roysia uxor eius" against "Robertum filium Walteri" for part of "terre…in Lewes" inherited from "Roysia de Douera auia sua", the defendant stating that "Matillis mater sua et Aleisia mater Ricardi de Umframuilla et Auelina auia Ricardi de Muntfichet fuerunt sorores" all of whom inherited part of the land in question[195].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the death in 1234 of “Robertus filius Walteri, patronus ecclesie de Dunmowe”, his burial at Dunmow, and the succession of “Walterus filius eius”, the same source providing numerous details about his descendants[196].  Matthew Paris records the death "in Adventu Domini” 1235 of “Robertus filius Walteri[197]m firstly (after 1194) as her second husband, GUNNOR de Valoignes, widow of DURAND de Ostill, daughter of ROBERT de Valoignes & his wife Hawise --- (-after 1208).  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris", noting that "tres fratres fuerunt…Petrus, Robertus, Philippus ex parte patris et matris", that Robert was father of "Gunora mater predicte Cristiane"[198].  “Durandus de Steill camerarius domini regis et Gunnora de Valoniis uxor eius” confirmed donations made to Binham priory by “Rogerus de Valoniis” by undated charter[199].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records property “Hortfurdburia et Hochwelle” held by her paternal grandmother “Agnes de Valeines…l annorum”, property “Hecham et Leic” held by “Agnes de Valuines…plusquam lx annorum”, and “Redefelde” held by “Agnes de Valuines…soror Pagani filii Johannis” adding that her heir is “filia eius et heres data est Durando de Ostili[200].  Round suggests that "filia eius" in this passage is an error for "neptis eius", as Gunnor was the senior heiress of her grandmother as only daughter of the latter’s second surviving son, and pointing out that "Durandus de Osteilli" paid scutage in Essex/Hertfordshire of £15/3/4 in the Pipe Roll 1190, equivalent to the 30 and one third knights’ fees on which the barony of Valoignes paid had paid in 1166, and on which "Gunnore de Valoniis" paid in 1194[201].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records that "Gunnore de Valoniis" paid "xx s, i militem" in Norfolk, Suffolk, and also paid in Essex, Hertfordshire[202].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Gunnore de Valoniis" paying "xxx l, xxx milites" in Essex, Hertfordshire[203].  "Rob fil Walteri et Gunnor ux eius" paid a fine for the inheritance of "Gaufri de Valon avunculi ipsius Gunnor", dated 1208[204]m secondly ROHESE, daughter of ---.  This second marriage is confirmed by Bracton who records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris"[205].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.   Robert & his first wife had three children: 

i)          MATILDA (-1212, bur Dunmow Priory).  The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d’Angleterre records that "Joffrois de Mandeville" married "la fille Robiert le fil Gautier"[206]m GEOFFREY de Mandeville, son of GEOFFREY FitzPiers & his first wife Beatrice de Say (-London 23 Feb 1216, bur Trinity Prior within Aldgate).  He succeeded his father in 1213 as Earl of Essex. 

ii)         CHRISTINE (-before 17 Jun 1232, bur Shouldham Priory).  The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d’Angleterre records that "Robiert le fil Gautier" had two daughters and one son, adding that the second daughter married "Guillaume de Mandeville, qui freres fu Joffroi"[207].  “Christiana de Maundeville...in mea...viduitate”, as successor of “Roberti de Valoniis avi mei et Roberti filii Walteri patris mei, Gunnore uxoris sue matris mee”, confirmed the donation of revenue from “ecclesia de Baketona in Suffolchia” to Binham priory made by “Robertus filius Walteri pater meus et Gunnora mater mea”, for the souls of “Willelmi de Maundeville comitis Essexie quondam mariti mei...Roberti filii Walteri patris mei et Gunnore uxoris sue matris mee”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Gondreda de Warenne soror mea[208].  The Annals of Dunstable record that “Hubertus de Burgo…Remundus nepos eius” married “comitissam Essexiæ” in 1227[209].  An order dated [Nov] 1227 refers to "Reymundus de Burgo…et Christiana uxore eius"[210].  King Henry III granted "duos damos in foresta de Wauberg" to "Christiane uxori Remundi de Burgo”, dated 1229[211].  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records that “Cristiana uxore sua, comitissa Essexiæ” was buried with her (first) husband “apud Soldham[212]m firstly (before 18 Nov 1220) WILLIAM de Mandeville Earl of Essex, son of GEOFFREY FitzPiers & his first wife Beatrice de Say (-8 Jan 1227, bur Shouldham Priory).  m secondly ([9 Jan/15 May] 1227) RAYMOND de Burgh of Dartford, Kent, son of --- de Burgh & his wife --- (-drowned 1230, bur Dover). 

iii)        son .  The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d’Angleterre records that "Robiert le fil Gautier" had two daughters and one son[213]

Robert & his second wife had one child: 

iv)       WALTER FitzRobert of Woodham Walter, Essex (-before 10 Apr 1258).  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris"[214]

-         see below

b)         ALICE (-1213 or after).  An order dated 21 Jul 1213 records that "Alic Pechie" gave "Aliciam filiam suam" as a hostage when "Roberti filii Walteri fratris sui" was freed[215]m GILBERT Pecche, son of HAMON Pecche & his wife Alice Peverel (-before 9 Jul 1212). 

c)         other children .  “Walterus filius Roberti” donated property to Daventre Priory, for the souls of “…uxoris meæ Matildis de Lucy et filiorum et filiarum mearum”, by undated charter[216]

Walter & his second wife had one child: 

d)         SIMON FitzWalter (-before 18 Jul 1218).  King John granted "unum mercatum apud Bareate" to "Simon filius Walteri" by charter dated 4 Sep 1199[217].  "Simon fil Walteri" made a fine for returning to the king’s support naming "Matillid filia sua…filius suus primogenitus…" among the hostages which were given, dated 1216[218].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1234, by "Walterus filius Symonis" against "Thomam comitem de Warewyc" which records that "Matillis de Boun antecessor ipsius Symonis" was "uxor Henrici de Oylly" by whom she had "filium Henricum de Oylly" who died without heirs but had "sororem Margeriam" who was the mother of "Henricum…comitem de Warewyc et qui fuit pater ipsius Thome", and adds that "predicta Matillis" married secondly "Waltero filio Roberti avi istius Walteri" by whom she had "Symonem patrem ipsius Walteri"[219].  The date of his death is set by an order dated 18 Jul 1218 which records that "Robert fitz Walter, Simon’s brother…per the testament of his brother" had custody of "the land and heir of Walter of Carew"[220]m (1200 or after) as her second husband, SARAH, widow of THOMAS de Burgh, daughter of ---.  "Simon fil Walteri" paid a fine to marry "Sarra que fuit uxor Thome de Burgo" if she wishes and her property in Northamptonshire, dated 1200[221]Simon & his wife had two children: 

i)          WALTER FitzSimon (-after 1234).  "Simon fil Walteri" made a fine for returning to the king’s support naming "Matillid filia sua…filius suus primogenitus…" among the hostages which were given, dated 1216[222].  It is not known whether "filius suus primogenitus" refers to Walter FitzSimon or another otherwise unrecorded son.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1234, by "Walterus filius Symonis" against "Thomam comitem de Warewyc" which records that "Matillis de Boun antecessor ipsius Symonis" was "uxor Henrici de Oylly" by whom she had "filium Henricum de Oylly" who died without heirs but had "sororem Margeriam" who was the mother of "Henricum…comitem de Warewyc et qui fuit pater ipsius Thome", and adds that "predicta Matillis" married secondly "Waltero filio Roberti avi istius Walteri" by whom she had "Symonem patrem ipsius Walteri"[223]

ii)         MATILDA (-after 1216).  "Simon fil Walteri" made a fine for returning to the king’s support naming "Matillid filia sua…filius suus primogenitus…" among the hostages which were given, dated 1216[224]

2.         SIMON FitzRobert .  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Daventre priory names “Walterum et Symoni fratri suo” as the two sons of “Robertus filius Ricardi” and his wife Matilda[225]

3.         MATILDA de Senlis (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Matillis de Sainlis que fuit filia Roberti filii Ricardi et mater Willelmi de Albineio” and “terra sua in Hungertone et in Winewelle[226].  "Willielmus de Albineio" donated "ecclesiam de Redmelina" to Belvoir monastery, Lincolnshire, with the consent of "Willielmi filii et hæredis mei et Matildis uxoris meæ et Ceciliæ matris meæ, necnon et Radulphi de Albinei fratris mei", by undated charter[227]m WILLIAM de Albini Brito, son of WILLIAM de Albini Brito Lord of Belvoir, Lincolnshire & his wife Cecilia Bigod (-1168). 

4.         [--- .  The precise parentage of Matthew de Cruil has not been traced.  If “nepote”, in the document quoted below, is interpreted in the strict sense of nephew, his mother would have been the sister of Walter FitzRobert the donor.  However, the word could indicate a more remote family relationship.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         MATTHEW de Cruil .  “Matheo de Cruil nepote meo...” witnessed the undated charter under which “Walterus filius Roberti” donated “terram de teia” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “patris mei Roberti filii Ricardi et matris mee Matildis et...Rohaise amite mee que ecclesiam Sancti Johannis fundavit et fratrum suorum”, to Colchester St. John[228]

 

 

 

B.      LORDS FITZWALTER

 

 

WALTER FitzRobert of Woodham Walter, Essex, son of ROBERT FitzWalter & his second wife Rohese --- (-before 10 Apr 1258).  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris"[229]

m (before 1247) IDA de Longespee, daughter of WILLIAM Longespee Earl of Salisbury & his wife Ela Ctss of Salisbury (-after 10 Apr 1262).  The Book of Lacock names “Isabellam de Vescy…Elam…Idam de Camyle” as the daughters of “Guillelmus Longespe ex…Ela”, adding that Ida married “Walterus filius Roberti” by whom she had “Catarinam et Loricam…velatæ…apud Lacock, Elam, quam duxit primo Guillelmus de Dodingseles, de qua genuit ---, Robertum, qui Dernogoill ---[230]

Walter & his wife had four children: 

1.         ROBERT FitzWalter (Henham 1247-18 Jan 1326).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzWalter.  m firstly DEVORGUILLA de Burgh, daughter of JOHN de Burgh of Wakerley, Northamptonshire & his wife Cecily Balliol ([1255]-1284, bur Dunmow Priory)  A writ after the death of "John de Burgo", dated "3 Mar 8 Edw I", records that he held "Wakerle…with the barony of Launvaley…Thingdene" and names his "three daughters, Dervorguilla whom Robert son of Walter married, Hawis whom Robert de Grelee married, and Margery who is a nun at Chikessaunt…his next heirs and of full age"[231]m secondly (King’s Chapel, Westminster 1289) ELEANOR Ferrers, daughter of ROBERT de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his second wife Eleanor de Bohun (-before May 1308, bur Dunmow Priory).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the marriage in 1289 of “Robertus filius Walteri” and “Alienoram filiam comitis de Ferrariis, sororem comitis de Ferrers” in the King’s Chapel, Westminster[232]Robert & his first wife had two children: 

a)         WALTER FitzRobert (Henham 1275-Dunmow Priory 1293)m (Woodham 1286) as her first husband, JOAN Engaine, daughter of JOHN Engaine of Laxton and Blatherwycke, Northants & his wife Joan de Greinville of Hallaton, Leicestershire (-1 Jun 1315).  She married secondly Adam de Welle of Well, Lincolnshire (-1 Sep 1311).  Walter & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT FitzWalter (1291-young). 

b)         CHRISTIAN (-before 6 Dec 1315)m WILLIAM Marshal of Hingham, Norfolk, son of JOHN Marshal & his wife Hawise --- (29 Sep 1277-killed in battle Bannockburn 24 Jun 1314).  He became first Baron Marshal 1309. 

Robert & his second wife had one child: 

c)         ROBERT FitzWalter ([1300/01]-6 May 1328).  He succeeded his father as Lord FitzWalter

-        see below

2.         CATHERINE .  The Book of Lacock names “Isabellam de Vescy…Elam…Idam de Camyle” as the daughters of “Guillelmus Longespe ex…Ela”, adding that Ida married “Walterus filius Roberti” by whom she had “Catarinam et Loricam…velatæ…apud Lacock, Elam, quam duxit primo Guillelmus de Dodingseles, de qua genuit ---, Robertum, qui Dernogoill ---[233]

3.         LORICA .  The Book of Lacock names “Isabellam de Vescy…Elam…Idam de Camyle” as the daughters of “Guillelmus Longespe ex…Ela”, adding that Ida married “Walterus filius Roberti” by whom she had “Catarinam et Loricam…velatæ…apud Lacock, Elam, quam duxit primo Guillelmus de Dodingseles, de qua genuit ---, Robertum, qui Dernogoill ---[234]

4.         ELA .  The Book of Lacock names “Isabellam de Vescy…Elam…Idam de Camyle” as the daughters of “Guillelmus Longespe ex…Ela”, adding that Ida married “Walterus filius Roberti” by whom she had “Catarinam et Loricam…velatæ…apud Lacock, Elam, quam duxit primo Guillelmus de Dodingseles, de qua genuit ---, Robertum, qui Dernogoill ---[235]m firstly WILLIAM de Dodingsells, son of ---.  m secondly ---. 

 

 

ROBERT FitzWalter, son of ROBERT FitzWalter Lord FitzWalter & his second wife Eleanor Ferrers of the Earls of Derby ([1300/01]-6 May 1328).  He succeeded his father as Lord FitzWalter

m JOAN Multon, daughter of THOMAS de Multon of Egremont, Cumberland, Lord Multon & his wife Eleanor de Burgh of the Earls of Ulster ([1303/04]-16 Jun 1363, bur Dunmore Priory). 

Robert & his wife had children: 

1.         JOHN FitzWalter ([1311/12]-18 Oct 1361, bur Dunmow Priory)Lord FitzWalterm ELEANOR de Percy, daughter of HENRY Percy Lord Percy & his wife Idoine Clifford (-before 18 Oct 1361, bur Dunmow Priory).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Alianoram, Matildem…et Isabellam” as the daughters of “Henricus” and his wife “Idoniam de Clifford[236]John & his wife had children: 

a)         WALTER FitzWalter (Henham 31 May 1345-Galicia 26 Sep 1386)Lord FitzWalterm firstly (Licence 23 Jun 1362) ELEANOR Dagworth, daughter of THOMAS de Dagworth Lord Dagworth & his wife Eleanor de Bohun of the Earls of Hereford and Essex (-after 29 Nov 1375, bur Dunmow Priory).  m secondly (before 27 Jun 1385) as her first husband, PHILIPPA de Mohun, daughter of JOHN de Mohun of Dunster, Somerset, Lord Mohun & his wife Joan de Burghersh (-Carisbrooke Castle, Isle of Wight 17 Jul 1431, bur Westminster Abbey).  She married secondly (before 13 Nov 1389) John Golafre of Langley, Oxfordshire.  She married thirdly ([27 Feb 1397/7 Oct 1398]) Edward of Cambridge Earl of Rutland, Earl of Cork, who succeeded his father in 1402 as Duke of York, Earl of Cambridge.  The will of "Philippa Duchess of York and Lady of the Isle of Wight", dated 1430, proved 13 Nov 1431, chose burial “in the conventual church of Westminster”, bequeathed property to “my son Walter Lord Fitz-Walter...[237]

-        LORDS FITZWALTER[238]

b)         ALICE FitzWalter (-29 Apr 1401)m AUBREY de Vere, son of JOHN de Vere Earl of Oxford & his wife Matilda Badlesmere ([1338/40]-23 Apr 1400, bur [Hadleigh]).  He was restored as Earl of Oxford in 1393. 

 

 

 

FITZWARIN

 

 

The exploits of the early generations of this family are recorded in the highly romanticised Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, whose early passages are clearly legendary.  Many of the later genealogical details in the Legend are corroborated by charter evidence as noted below, although the Legend conflates Fulk FitzWarin [I] and Fulk FitzWarin [II] into one person.  The FitzWarin family’s extensive landholding interests in Shropshire are reviewed by Eyton in different parts of his History of Shropshire, as shown below. 

 

 

A.      ORIGINS

 

 

1.         WARIN [de Metz] (-after [1115], before [1145]).  Eyton refers to the compositions known as the Fitz-Warin Chronicles, compiled from the songs of Trouvères, which purport to give an account of "Warin de Metz" and his descendants the FitzWarin families of Whittington and Alberbury in Shropshire[239].  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Guaryn de Meez, le vaylaunt" as "cosyn" of “Johun duc de la Petite Bretaigne” in a passage which is clearly anachronistic and legendary[240].  "Hamo Peverel" and "Warinus" are named among the 14 lay witnesses to the record of an Archidiaconal Chapter which sat at Castle Holgate in [1115] under the presidency of Richard Bishop of London, enquiring into the parochial jurisdiction of Wenlock Priory[241].  Warin was presumably deceased when his two sons witnessed the charter dated to [1145] quoted below.  m ---.  The name of Warin’s wife is not known.  The charter of Henry II King of England, dated 1154, which confirmed the gift by "Willelmus Peverel" of one Knight’s Fee in Tadlow, Cambridgeshire to "Fulconi filio Warini" suggests that Warin’s wife may have been related to the Peverel family[242].  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records the marriage of "Guaryn" and "Melette de la Blanche tour", niece of “Willam Peverel”, in a passage which appears just as legendary as the one quoted above in which Warin is first named[243]Warin & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         ROGER FitzWarin (-[1145/54]).  "Walcheline Maminoht" exchanged land with the abbot of Shrewsbury by charter dated to [1136/41], witnessed by "Roger Fitz Warin"[244].  "Walcheline Maminoht" granted Bradford Mill to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1145], witnessed by "Roger Fitz Warin and Fulk his brother"[245].  He died without issue before the accession of King Henry II[246]

b)         FULK FitzWarin [I] (-[1170/71]).  "Walcheline Maminoht" granted Bradford Mill to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1145], witnessed by "Roger Fitz Warin and Fulk his brother"[247].  Henry II King of England confirmed the gift by "Willelmus Peverel" of a Knight’s Fee in Tadlow, Cambridgeshire to "Fulconi filio Warini", by charter dated 1154, witnessed by "Ricardo de Humet, Constabulario, Willelmo filio Hamonis"[248].  Henry II King of England granted "Watebergam" to "Fulconi filio Guarini" by charter dated Jan 1156[249].  The 1155, 1156 and 1157 Pipe Rolls record "Fulconi fil Warini" at "Aloestan" (Alveston) in Gloucestershire, yielding ₤10 p. a.[250].  The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Folc. fil War" in Shropshire[251].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Fulco filius Garin i m" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire in [1167/68][252].  His date of death is fixed by the Pipe Roll recording the manor of Alveston to "Folcho fitz Warin" in Michaelmas 1170, but to "Fulko son of Fulko fitz Warin" in Michaelmas 1171[253]m EVA, daughter of --- (-after 1171).  Meisel records that Fulk [I]’s widow Eva donated a house in Whadborough to Launde after her husband died, that Eva “the mother of Fulk son of Fulk” later supplemented the donation with adjacent land, both donations confirmed by Fulk [II], once shortly after his father’s death and again (with the consent of Fulk [III]) shortly before his own death[254]Fulk & his wife had [seven] children: 

i)          FULK FitzWarin [II] (-[1195/98]).  The Pipe Roll records the manor of Alveston to "Fulko son of Fulko fitz Warin" in Michaelmas 1171[255]

-         see below

ii)         RALPH FitzWarin (-after [1180]).  Eyton names “Ralph fitz Warin, occurs c. 1180”, “Richard fitz Warin occurs 1203”, “Warin c. 1180” as the three brothers of Fulk FitzWarin [II] but does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[256]

iii)        RICHARD FitzWarin (-after 1203).  Eyton names “Ralph fitz Warin, occurs c. 1180”, “Richard fitz Warin occurs 1203”, “Warin c. 1180” as the three brothers of Fulk FitzWarin [II] but does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[257]

iv)       WARIN FitzWarin (-after [1180]).  Eyton names “Ralph fitz Warin, occurs c. 1180”, “Richard fitz Warin occurs 1203”, “Warin c. 1180” as the three brothers of Fulk FitzWarin [II] but does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[258]

v)        [daughter .  The precise relationship between Baldwin de Hodnet and the FitzWarin family has not been traced, but if “cosyn” in the source quoted below can be interpreted in its strictest sense his mother could have been the sister of Fulk FitzWarin [II].]  m --- de Hodnet, son of ---.  One child: 

(a)       BALDWIN de Hodnet (-after 1200).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records that King Richard I summoned "le v. fitz Fouke le Brun: Foket, Phelip le Rous, William, Johan e Aleyn, e lur cosyn Baudwyn de Hodenet" to Winchester and knighted them, dated from the context to before the death of Fulk FitzWarin [II], a later passage naming Baldwin with his cousins during the reign of King John[259]

vi)       [daughter .  The precise relationship between Audolf de Bracy and the FitzWarin family has not been traced, but if “cosyn” in the source quoted below can be interpreted in its strictest sense his mother could have been the sister of Fulk FitzWarin [II].]  m --- de Bracy, son of ---.  One child: 

(a)       AUDOLF de Bracy (-after [1210]).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records Fulk FitzWarin [III] "e ces quatre freres, Audolf de Bracy son cosyn, e Baudwyn de Hodenet son cosyn" during the early years of the reign of King John, a later passage recording his escape after being captured by the king[260]

vii)      [EMMELINE .  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records Fulk FitzWarin [III] visiting "a Huggeford, a mon sire Walter de Huggeford, qe avoit esposee dame Vyleyne, file Waryn de Meez. Mes son dreit noun fust Emelyne; e fust la aunte sire Fouke", during the early years of the reign of King John[261].  It appears chronologically impossible that Emmeline could have been the daughter of Warin [de Metz].  Bearing in mind the conflation in the Legend of Fulk FitzWarin [I] and Fulk FitzWarin [II], it appears possible that she was the sister of Fulk FitzWarin [II], assuming that the Legend correctly reports the family relationship.  m WALTER de Huggeford, son of --- (-after 1200).] 

c)         [WILLIAM FitzWarin of Burwardsley (-[1162/75]).  Henry II King of England directed that "William Fitz Warin may hod and have assarts in Salopesire", attested by Thomas à Becket, dated to [May 1162][262].  No primary source has been identified which confirms that William was the brother of Roger and Fulk FitzWarin [I].  "William Fitz Warin of Burwasley" witnessed the charter dated to [1161/72] under which "Hugh de Dover and Matilda his wife" restored property to Shrewsbury abbey[263].]  m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          [WARIN de Burwardsley (-1212 or after).  "Warin de Burwardesl and Philip his brother" witnessed a charter of Wenlock priory dated to [1169/76][264].]  He and his descendants are shown in Eyton[265]m ---.  The name of Warin’s wife is not known.  Warin & his wife had five children: 

(a)       PHILIP de Burwardsley (-[1240]).  m EMMA, daughter of --- (-after 1259). 

(b)       ROGER de Burwardsley (-1243). 

(c)       MABEL (-after 1244).  "Adam de Beissin" paid a fine for marrying "Mabel le Strange of Burwardesley" without the king’s licence in 1194[266]m (1194 or before) ADAM de Beysin of Billingsley, son of --- (-1238). 

(d)       ALICEm JOHN de Eyton, son of --- (-1244 or before). 

(e)       MARGERY (-before 10 May 1259).  Margaret Bagot gave "half a mark for summoning Roger Martel before the Justices at Westminster to acquit her of the service which Milisent de Stafford demands of her for her freehold in Blumenhul and Brunton" in 1223/24[267].  A writ dated 10 May "43 Hen III", after the death of "Margery de Blumenhull", states that "Phelipe the wife of Geoffrey de Bromle, aged 30, is heir of 3 parts, and John son of William de Ipeston, aged 26, is heir of the fourth part"[268]m JOHN Bagot of Blymhill, Staffordshire, son of [WILLIAM Bagot of Blymhill & his wife ---] (-1224 or before). 

ii)         [PHILIP .  "Warin de Burwardesl and Philip his brother" witnessed a charter of Wenlock priory dated to [1169/76][269].] 

 

 

FULK FitzWarin [II], son of FULK FitzWarin [I] & his wife --- (-[1195/98]).  The Pipe Roll records the manor of Alveston to "Fulko son of Fulko fitz Warin" in Michaelmas 1171[270].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Fulco filio Garini" paying "x s, i militem" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire[271].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Fulcho f Warini et Hawisa uxor eius" in Wiltshire[272]

m ([1155/65] or later) HAWISE de Dinan, daughter and co-heiress of JOSCELIN de Dinan & his wife Sibylla de Lacy ([1140/50]-1226 or after).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Hawyse de Dynan" exchanged property donated by her father, that “Jozo de Plukenya" confirmed the donation of "Jazonis avi sui", that "Hugo de Plukenya" confirmed the donation of "Jazonis de Dynan" and donated further property, and that "Jozo de Plukeneya filius Hugonis" confirmed the foregoing[273].  Hawise’s suggested date of birth is estimated from the first marriage before 1125 of her mother, who was then presumably already of child-bearing age, and her mother’s second marriage after 1138.  If this estimate is correct, it is likely that Hawise was married [1155/65], although the first marriage of her son Fulk FitzWarin [III] in 1207 suggests the later part of this date range and even an extended period after her marriage before Fulk [III] was born.  Her family origin and marriage are confirmed by two lawsuits recorded in 1194 in which, in the first, "Hawisia de Dinat…Fulkon fil Warin" and "--- Sibill de Dinat uxore" are named, and in the second "Fulko fil Warin…Hawiss uxor sue" and "Sibill uxor Hug de Plugenai"[274].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Fulcho f Warini et Hawisa uxor eius" in Wiltshire[275].  "Hawis de Dinan et Sibill soror eius" paid a fine for "de Bokeland, Corfton in Sumerset et de Hertilande in Devon…vs Oliverum de Dinan", dated 1204[276]

Fulk [II] & his wife had [eight] children: 

1.         FULK FitzWarin [III] (-[13 Aug 1257/5 Aug 1258]).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Fouke, Willam, Phelip le Rous, Johan e Alayn" as the five sons of "Fouke e Hauwyse"[277].  The likely birth date of his mother, the date of his own first marriage, and the limited date range within which Fulk FitzWarin [III] died, suggests that he was born several years after his parents’ marriage.  "…Fulcus filius Warini et Alanus frater eius…" subscribed a charter dated to [1198] under which "Robertus Corbet" donated property to Buildwas Abbey[278].  The 1201 Pipe Roll names "Sibil, widow of Hugh de Plugenai and Hawise, mother of Fulk Fitz Warin" as co-parceners in Lamborn, Berkshire[279].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Fulco filius Warini" holding one knight’s fee in Shropshire in [1210/12][280].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Gloucestershire, dated to [1211/13]: "Fulco filius Warini" held land "in Alwesten i militis"[281].  The king ordered the sheriff of Berkshire to "take into the king’s hands" the lands of "Fulk fitz Warin and Eva de Tracy and her sister on account of the son and heir of Thomas de London, who they detain from the king", dated to [1218/19][282].  A charter of Henry III King of England dated 12 Dec 1234 confirmed the foundation of Alberbury priory, Shropshire by "Fulconis filii Warini"[283].  By order dated 13 Nov 1251 the king confirmed rights of "Fulconi filio Warini seniori" in "foresta de Dene"[284].  “Fulco fil Warini et Claric ux eius” made a fine relating to a lawsuit in Kent in [Oct] 1250[285].  His son Fulk FitzWarin [IV] was named "Fulk son of Warin the younger" in an order dated 13 Aug 1257[286], suggesting that Fulk FitzWarin [III] was still alive at that date.  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records the death "a Blaunchevyle" of Fulk, after seven years of blindness, and his burial "a la Novele Abbeye"[287].  It is likely that Fulk FitzWarin [III] died before 5 Aug 1258, the date of a confirmation made by his son of a grant made by his father (see below).  m firstly ([22 Jul/1 Oct] 1207) as her second husband, MATILDA le Vavasour, widow of THEOBALD Walter Butler of Ireland, daughter of ROBERT le Vavasour & his wife --- (----, bur Priory of Sainte-Marie near "Alberburs").  King John ordered the restoration of the dower of "Matilda his daughter who was the wife of Theobald Walter" to "Robert le Vavasour" dated 20 Jul 1207[288].  King John ordered payment of her dower to "Fulk Fitz Warin and Matilda (who was the wife of Theobald Walter)" restoring to them what he "had previously granted to Robert le Vavasour", dated 1 Oct 1207[289].  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records the death of "dame Mahaud de Caus" and her burial in "une priorie en le honour de Nostre Dame Seinte Marie de le ordre de Grantmont pres de Alberburs, en le boschage, sur la rivere de Sauverne"[290]m secondly CLARICE [d’Auberville], daughter of --- (-[1258]).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records that "Fouke" married "dame Clarice de Auberville" after the death of his first wife[291].  “Fulco fil Warini et Claric ux eius” made a fine relating to a lawsuit in Kent in [Oct] 1250[292].  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records that "dame Clarice" died and was buried "a la Novele Abbeye" one year before the death of her husband[293]Fulk [III] & his first wife had five children: 

a)         HAWISE .  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Hauwyse, qe pus fust dame de Wemme" as the first daughter of "Fouke" and his wife "dame Mahaud de Caus"[294]m (before Jan 1226) WILLIAM [V] Pantulf of Wem, son of HUGH Pantulf & his wife Christiana FitzAlan (-[1232/4 Feb 1233]). 

b)         JOAN .  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records the birth of "Johane, qe pus fust mariee a sire Henre de Penebrugge" as the second daughter of "Fouke" and his wife "dame Mahaud de Caus"[295]m HENRY de Pembruge, son of ---. 

c)         FULK FitzWarin [IV] (-drowned after the battle Lewes 14 May 1264).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records the birth of "nee sur un montaigne de GalesJohan…et quant lenfant fust conferme de evesqe, yl fust apelee Fouke" as the first son of "Fouke" and his wife "dame Mahaud de Caus"[296].  King Henry III granted commissions relating to disputes between "Thomas Corbet" and “Fulk son of Warin the younger” concerning “lands in Balisleg” dated 1 Jul 1250[297].  King Henry III confirmed a lease made by "Fulk son of Warin the younger" dated 13 Aug 1257[298].  “Fulk filius Warini of Wytinthon” released to William FitzWarin rights in the manor of Waneting which William’s father Alan FitzWarin had been gifted by his father Fulk FitzWarin ([III]) by charter dated 5 Aug “42 Henry III[299].  Matthew Paris records “Fulke Fitz Warren...being drowned in the river” after the battle of Lewes[300]Betrothed (1226) to ANGHARAD, daughter of MADOG Prince of Northern Powys & his wife Isota ---.  A letter from "W. de Lascy" to Hubert de Burgh, Justiciar, dated to [1226] urges him to bring forward the marriage of "Angaretham filiam Maddoci filii Griffini neptem meam" and "Fulconem filium Fulconis filii Warini"[301].  The precise relationship between Angharad and Walter de Lacy Lord of Meath has not yet been ascertained.  The primary source which confirms that the marriage took place has not yet been identified.  [m firstly --- de Clifford, daughter of ROGER [II] de Clifford & his [first/second] wife [---/---] (-before 1250).  "Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" records that her son "John Tresgoos" married "Mabill file a noble…chevalier Foulk Fitz-Warren qui avoit a feme le soer Sr Rog de Clifford"[302].  If this is correct, the member of the Clifford family must have been the first wife of Fulk FitzWarin [IV] as the date of the first marriage of his daughter Mabel suggests that she must have been older than her brother Fulk FitzWarin [V].  However, it is possible that this source is in error (it contains other mistakes) and that Mabel’s mother was Constance de Tosny, the known wife of Fulk FitzWarin [IV].  This is particularly likely because, if the source was correct, John de Tresgoz and his wife Mabel would have been very closely related, presumably first cousins, as Roger [II] de Clifford (who, from a chronological point of view, is the most likely candidate for the father of this Clifford daughter) and John de Tresgoz’s father were uterine brothers.  It should be noted that Constance de Tosny’s brother was also named Roger, which could account for any confusion in the source quoted above.]  m [secondly] CONSTANCE de Tosny, daughter of RALPH de Tosny of Castle Maud, Radnorshire & his wife Pernel de Lacy (-after 11 Feb 1266).  The Complete Peerage notes that the manor of Yarkhill, Herefordshire was given to Ralph de Tosny and Pernel his wife who, after her husband’s death, gave it in free marriage to Fulk FitzWarin [IV] and Constance[303].  Fulk FitzWarin [IV] & his [first/second] wife had [one child]: 

i)          [MABEL (-before 24 May 1297).  "Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" records that her son "John Tresgoos" married "Mabill file a noble…chevalier Foulk Fitz-Warren qui avoit a feme le soer Sr Rog de Clifford"[304].  It is suggested that the last reference to Mabel’s mother as a member of the Clifford family represents an error.  If it is correct, John de Tresgoz and his wife would have been very closely related, presumably first cousins, as Roger [II] de Clifford and John de Tresgoz’s father were uterine brothers.  From a chronological point of view, it is likely that Mabel was the daughter of Fulk FitzWarin [IV], whose recorded wife was Constance de Tosny, although it is possible that she was born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage to a member of the Clifford family.  A writ dated 24 May "25 Edw I", after the death of "Mabel late the wife of John Tregoz", records in relation to Weston that it was "held in free marriage of the barony of Averenchis…[by] Maud daughter of and heir of William de Averenchis the elder…Hamo le Creveker married her and they gave the manor to William their son and heir in free marriage with the said Mabel.  This William died without heir of his body", names as heirs of "[the said Maud] Juliana daughter of John son of Agnes one of the daughters of the said Hamo and Maud aged 23 and more, John de Lenham son of Iseut the second of the daughters of the said Hamo and Maud aged 60 and more"[305]m firstly WILLIAM de Crèvecœur, son of HAMON de Crèvecœur & his second wife Matilda d’Avranches (-before 6 Apr 1263).  m secondly as his first wife, JOHN de Tresgoz, son of ROBERT de Tresgoz & his wife Juliane de Cauntelo (-before 6 Sep 1300).] 

Fulk FitzWarin [IV] & his [second] wife had one child: 

ii)         FULK FitzWarin [V] (14 Sep 1251-24 Nov 1315).  An enquiry, dated “Thursday after St. Mark the Evangelist, 1 Edw. I”, into the age of "Fulk son of Warin" includes testimony that "he will be 22 on the day of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross next" adding that at his birth his father was “much congratulated because all his other children were girls[306].  He was summoned to Parliament from 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzWarin

-         see below

d)         FULK FitzWarin of Alberbury (-[Oct 1292/1311]). 

e)         EVA .  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin records that "Lowis le prince de Walys" married "sire Fouke…Eve sa file" after the death of his first wife "dame Johane…que fust la file le roi Henre de Engleterre"[307].  The Annales Cestrienses record in 1239 that “Lewelinus princeps Wallie” married “filiam Fulconis filii Warini[308]m (1239) as his third/fourth wife, LLYWELYN ap Iorwerth Fawr ("the Great") Prince of North Wales, son of IORWERTH Drwyndwyn ("flat nose") Prince of Gwynedd & his wife Marared of Powys ([1173]-11 Apr 1240, bur Aberconway). 

2.         WILLIAM FitzWarin (-1236 or after).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Fouke, Willam, Phelip le Rous, Johan e Alayn" as the five sons of "Fouke e Hauwyse"[309].  Eyton names “William fitz Warin occ. 1203-1236” as the second son of Fulk FitzWarin [II] but does not cite the primary sources which correspond to these dates[310].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus filius Warin" holding two knights’ fees "de eschaeta Normannorum…Mael de Gamage" in Hereford in [1210/12][311].  The sheriff of Lincolnshire was ordered to confiscate the lands of "William fitz Warin" for non-payment of a debt, dated to [1218/19][312].  "William fitz Warin and Agnes his wife" made a fine for "having the lands of Rose of Odell which fall to Agnes by hereditary right", dated 2 Sep 1221[313]m AGNES, daughter of ---.  "William fitz Warin and Agnes his wife" made a fine for "having the lands of Rose of Odell which fall to Agnes by hereditary right", dated 2 Sep 1221[314]

3.         PHILIP FitzWarin (-after 1203).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Fouke, Willam, Phelip le Rous, Johan e Alayn" as the five sons of "Fouke e Hauwyse"[315].  Eyton names “Philip fitz Warin occurs 1203” as the third son of Fulk FitzWarin [II] but does not cite the primary source which corresponds to this date[316]

4.         JOHN [Ivo] FitzWarin (-after 1203).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Fouke, Willam, Phelip le Rous, Johan e Alayn" as the five sons of "Fouke e Hauwyse"[317].  Eyton names “John or Ivo fitz Warin occurs 1203” as the fourth son of Fulk FitzWarin [II] but does not cite the primary source which corresponds to this date[318]

5.         RICHARD FitzWarin (-1196 or after).  Eyton names “Richard fitz Warin occurs c. 1195-6” as the fifth son of Fulk FitzWarin [II] but does not cite the primary sources which correspond to these dates[319]

6.         ALAN FitzWarin (-1203 or after).  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Fouke, Willam, Phelip le Rous, Johan e Alayn" as the five sons of "Fouke e Hauwyse"[320].  "…Fulcus filius Warini et Alanus frater eius…" subscribed a charter dated to [1198] under which "Robertus Corbet" donated property to Buildwas Abbey[321].  Eyton names “Alan fitz Warin occ. 1195-1203” as the sixth son of Fulk FitzWarin [II] but does not cite the primary sources which correspond to these dates[322]same person as...?  ALAN FitzWarinm ---.  The name of Alan’s wife is not known.  Alan & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM FitzWarin (-after 5 Aug 1258).  “Fulk filius Warini of Wytinthon” released to William FitzWarin rights in the manor of Waneting which William’s father Alan FitzWarin had been gifted by his father Fulk FitzWarin ([III]) by charter dated 5 Aug “42 Henry III[323]

7.         [EVA (-after [Jun] 1222).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings, dated 1219, which includes "Eva de Trascey" holding land "in Esgarestona…in hundredo de Launburn" in Berkshire and "Bovy" in Devonshire[324].  The parentage of Eva, and her relationship to the main Tracy family shown above, has not been traced.  She could have been the widow of Oliver de Tracy.  The king ordered the sheriff of Berkshire to "take into the king’s hands" the lands of "Fulk fitz Warin and Eva de Tracy and her sister on account of the son and heir of Thomas de London, who they detain from the king", dated to [1218/19][325], which suggests that Eva was closely related to Fulk FitzWarin [III], maybe his sister.  Her first marriage is confirmed by an order to the sheriff of Devon to take "the daughter and heiress of Thomas of London [if] found in his bailiwick" and "if she has been abducted out of the bailiwick" to confiscate the lands of "Eva de Tracy her mother", dated to [1218/19][326].  "Eva de Tracy" paid a fine for "having a weekly market…at her manor of Bovey", dated 23 Oct 1219[327].  "Eva de Tracy" made a fine for marrying "Hawise her daughter…without licence", dated [Jun] 1222[328].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Eva de Tracy...quia maritavit Hawisam filiam suam sine licencia R. que fuit de donatione sue” owing in “Nova Oblata” in Devon[329].  The following document indicates that Hawise was Eva’s daughter by her first marriage:  “Paganus de Cadurcis filius et hæres dominæ Hawisiæ de Londonia” donated land to Whiteland, Carmarthenshire, for the souls of “dominorum Thomæ de Londonia, Patricii de Cadurcis, Will. et Mauricii de Londonia, Warini de Bassingburne, dominæ Evæ de Tracy, Aleys et Gundre defunctorum”, by charter dated May 1270, witnessed by “dominis Patricio et Hernico militibus, fratribus nostris[330]m firstly THOMAS de London, son of ---.  m secondly OLIVER de Tracy, son of HENRY de Tracy & his first wife Hawise --- (-after 1203).] 

8.         [daughter .  The king ordered the sheriff of Berkshire to "take into the king’s hands" the lands of "Fulk fitz Warin and Eva de Tracy and her sister on account of the son and heir of Thomas de London, who they detain from the king", dated to [1218/19][331].] 

 

 

 

B.      LORDS FITZWARIN

 

                           

FULK FitzWarin [V], son of FULK FitzWarin [IV] & his [second] wife Constance de Tosny (14 Sep 1251-24 Nov 1315).  An enquiry, dated “Thursday after St. Mark the Evangelist, 1 Edw I”, into the age of "Fulk son of Warin" includes testimony that "he will be 22 on the day of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross next" adding that at his birth his father was “much congratulated because all his other children were girls[332].  He was summoned to Parliament from 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzWarin

m (before 25 Feb 1277) MARGARET, daughter of GRUFFYDD ap Gwenwynwyn & his wife Hawise le Strange (-11 May 1336).  The Complete Peerage indicates inquisitions dated 25 Feb 1276 (O.S.) which records Fulk FitzWarin [IV] holding land at Bauseley [in Alberbury, county Montgomery] until “Gruffydd ap Wennonwen” occupied the premises following a dispute with Thomas Corbet, until transferring it to Fulk FitzWarin [V] who married his daughter, noting that FulkFitzWarin [V] was later dispossessed following other disputes[333].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 28 Jun “10 Edw III”, after the death of "Margaret late the wife of Fulk le Fitz Waryn", records "Alweston...held for life of the inheritance of Walter, son and heir of Walter de Gloucestre deceased, a minor" with “Walter son of the said Walter de Gloucestre deceased aged 21 years and more is his next heir[334]

Fulk [V] & his wife had children: 

1.         FULK FitzWarin [VI] (-before 6 Jun 1336)Lord FitzWarinm ELEANOR de Beauchamp, daughter of JOHN de Beauchamp of Somerset, Lord Beauchamp & his wife Cecile de Vivonne (-after 18 Nov 1341).  Fulk [VI] & his wife had children: 

a)         FULK FitzWarin [VII] (-25 Jul 1349).  Lord FitzWarinm ---.  The Complete Peerage states that he married “(it is said) Joan da. of Henry (de Beaumont) Earl of Buchan by Alice, da. of Alexander Comyn” but cites no evidence[335]Fulk [VII] & his wife had two children: 

i)          FULK FitzWarin [VIII] (Whittington 2 Mar 1341-12 Feb 1374)Lord FitzWarinm MARGERY Audley, daughter of JAMES Audley Lord Audley & his second wife Isabel ---.  Inquisitions dated 23 Nov 1392 relating to the manor of Tawstok name "Margaret the third sister of Nicholas [d’Audelee Chivaler]" and her grandson "Fulk Fitz Waryn son of Fulk" as heirs of Nicholas[336]Fulk [VIII] & his wife had children: 

(a)       FULK FitzWarin [IX] (Combe Martin, Devon 2 Mar 1362-8 Aug 1391, bur Whittington)Lord FitzWarin.  The will of "Fulk Fitzwarine Knight", dated 8 Aug 1391, chose burial “in...the church of Whittington”, bequeathed property to “Philip Fitzwarine my uncle” and appointed “Elizabeth my wife and the said Philip” as his executors[337]m firstly as her first husband, ELIZABETH Cogan, daughter of WILLIAM Cogan of Bampton, Devon & his second wife Isabel Loring of Chalgrave, Bedfordshire ([1373/74]-29 Oct 1397).  The will of "Fulk Fitzwarine Knight", dated 8 Aug 1391, bequeathed property to “Philip Fitzwarine my uncle” and appointed “Elizabeth my wife and the said Philip” as his executors[338].  She married secondly (pardon for marrying without royal licence 11 Feb 1393) as his first wife, Hugh de Courtenay of Goodrington and Stancombe, Devon

-         LORDS FITZWARIN[339]

ii)         PHILIP FitzWarin (-after 8 Aug 1391).  The will of "Fulk Fitzwarine Knight", dated 8 Aug 1391, bequeathed property to “Philip Fitzwarine my uncle” and appointed “Elizabeth my wife and the said Philip” as his executors[340]

2.         HAWISE (-2 Sep 1344, bur Dunstable Grey-Friars).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 30 Aug "22 Edw I", after the death of "Ralph de Gousehull", records that "he had a daughter by Hawis daughter of Sir Fulk son of Warin...who is his heir...[Margaret aged half a year at the feast of St. Martin next]"[341].  Her second marriage is confirmed by inquisitions following a writ regarding proof of age of "Margaret daughter and heir of Ralph de Goushull", which record "the manor of Goushull...(part) in the wardship of Robert de Hoo and Hawis his wife"[342]m firstly RALPH de Goushill, son of PETER de Goushill & his wife --- (-before 30 Aug 1294).  m secondly ROBERT Hoo, son of --- (-1 Nov 1340, bur Cowsell, All Souls). 

 

 

 

LORDS FITZWILLIAM

 

 

1.         WILLIAM FitzUlf (-[1125/29]).  Henry I King of England confirmed “in feodo et hereditate terram suam de Fangefosse et de Thorpe et de Meltemebia et de Geveldala” to “Willelmo filio Ulfi” by charter dated to [1120/29], witnessed by “Roberto de Ferrariis et Waltero Espec et Roger de Valoniis et Fornone filio Sigulfi[343].  A charter dated to [1142/54] confirmed that "Willelmus filius Ulfi" donated land "in Ghiualdala" to Hexham priory[344]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         RALPH FitzWilliam (-after [1129/30]).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rad fili Willi" in Yorkshire[345]m ---.  The name of Ralph’s wife is not known.  Ralph & his wife had one child: 

i)          RALPH FitzRalph of Grimthorpe, Yorkshire (-[1 Dec 1189/1197]).  "Radulphi filii Radulphi" confirmed land "in Geuld", donated by William FitzUlf, to Hexham priory by undated charter[346]m firstly ---.  The claim by Ralph’s known wife Emma for her dower from Ralph’s son William suggests that she may not have been William’s mother.  m secondly EMMA de Teise, daughter of ---.  Farrer states that “Emma de Teise, coheir of Neasham”, wife of Ralph FitzRalph, founded Neasham priory before 1158 with “Engelaise de Teise her sister[347].  “Emma qu fuit uxor Rad f Rad” claimed her dower “Nesham et Gri[mestorp]...” from “Willm fil Rad”, dated 1197[348]Ralph & his first wife had one child: 

(a)       WILLIAM FitzRalph (-before Aug 1218).  “Emma qu fuit uxor Rad f Rad” claimed her dower “Nesham et Gri[mestorp]...” from “Willm fil Rad”, dated 1197[349].  His date of death is ascertained from an order dated 26 Aug 1218 which granted his land to “filium et heredem Willi fil Radi[350]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

(1)       RALPH FitzWilliam .  “Rad fil Willi” made a fine for the land of “Willi patris sui i Grimeston et Hothu” dated 9 Feb 1227[351]

-         see below

 

 

RALPH FitzWilliam, son of WILLIAM FitzRalph & his wife --- .  “Rad fil Willi” made a fine for the land of “Willi patris sui i Grimeston et Hothu” dated 9 Feb 1227[352]

m ---.  The name of Ralph’s wife is not known. 

Ralph & his wife had one child: 

1.         WILLIAM FitzRalph (-after 1272).  “Willelmus filius Radi de Grimthorp et Johanna uxor eius” made a fine dated 1272[353]m JOAN de Greystoke, daughter of THOMAS FitzWilliam [de Greystoke] & his wife Christiana de Vipont (-after 1272).  Wilson records the Greystoke barony passing to “the son of Joan de Greystoke, wife of William fits Ralf lord of Grimthorp” but does not record her parentage [see the 1306 inquisition after the death of John de Greystoke, below][354].  The Complete Peerage records her parentage (no source cited)[355].  “Willelmus filius Radi de Grimthorp et Johanna uxor eius” made a fine dated 1272[356]William & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM FitzWilliam (-after 1272).  “Willelmus filius Willelmi fil Radi” made a fine dated 1272[357]

b)         RALPH FitzWilliam of Grimthorpe and Hildreskelf, Yorkshire (-11 Feb 1317, bur Neasham Priory).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzWilliam.  Lord of Greystoke: inquisitions dated "after the octave of St. Michael, 34 Edw I", after the death of "John son of William de Craystok...", note a writ of certiorari dated 18 Sep 1306 granting the deceased licence to "enfeoff Ralph son of William of the manor and barony of Craystock" and other specified properties[358].  An undated roll records the death in 1316 (O.S.?) of “Radulphus filius Willelmi” and his burial “apud Nesham[359]m firstly ---.  The name of Ralph’s wife is not known.  m secondly (royal licence 1 Nov 1281) as her second husband, MARGERY de Bolebec, widow of NICHOLAS Corbet, daughter of HUGH de Bolebec of Angerton, Northumberland & his wife Tiphaine --- ([1240/41]-before Feb 1301).  An undated roll records that, after the death of “Nicholaus Corbet”, “Margeria sine prole” married “Radulpho filio Willemi militi” by whom she had “duos filios Robertum et Willelmum[360]Ralph & his second wife had two children: 

i)          WILLIAM FitzRalph (-before 6 Jul 1297).  An undated roll records that, after the death of “Nicholaus Corbet”, “Margeria sine prole” married “Radulpho filio Willemi militi” by whom she had “duos filios Robertum et Willelmum[361].  “Willelmo filio...Radulphi et Katerinæ uxoris eius” donated property to Newminster by charter dated 15 May 1290[362].  An undated roll records that William and his wife died childless[363]m (before 15 May 1290) KATHERINE, daughter of ---.  “Willelmo filio...Radulphi et Katerinæ uxoris eius” donated property to Newminster by charter dated 15 May 1290[364]

ii)         ROBERT FitzRalph ([1276/77]-[11 Feb/15 Apr] 1317, bur Borthwick).  An undated roll records that, after the death of “Nicholaus Corbet”, “Margeria sine prole” married “Radulpho filio Willemi militi” by whom she had “duos filios Robertum et Willelmum[365].  An inquisition “die Veneris prox. ante festum Pentecostes anno regni regis Edwardi decimo” records the death of “dominus Robertus filius Radulphi” and listed his properties[366].  An undated roll records that “Robertus” was buried “apud Botyrwyk[367]m ELIZABETH, daughter of --- (-17 Nov 1346).  An inquisition “die Veneris prox. ante festum Pentecostes anno regni regis Edwardi decimo” records the death of “dominus Robertus filius Radulphi” noting that “dictus Robertus et Elizabeth uxor eius” were enfeoffed with half of these fiefs[368]Robert & his wife had children: 

(a)       RALPH de Greystoke of Greystoke (15 Aug 1299-Gateshead 14 Jul 1323, bur Newminster).  An inquisition “die Veneris prox. ante festum Pentecostes anno regni regis Edwardi decimo” records the death of “dominus Robertus filius Radulphi” naming “Radulphus filius ipsius Roberti...ætatis XIX annorum ad festum Assumpcionis Beatæ Mariæ prox. futurum” as his heir[369]

-         LORDS GREYSTOKE

 

 

 

LORDS GIFFARD (of Elston, Wiltshire, & Gloucestershire)

 

 

 

1.         OSBERT [I] [Osbern] Giffard of Elston in Orcheston St George, Wiltshire (-before 1096).  Domesday Book records land held by “Osbern Giffard” in Earley in Charldon Hundred in Berkshire; land in Wiltshire, including Elston, Orcheston and Stanton; in Dorset, Gold Hill; land in Bispesdone in Oxfordshire; Rockhampton Stoke Gifford Brimpsfield and Oldbury in Gloucestershire[370].  Osbert’s parentage is not known, but the proximity of his landholding to that of Walter Giffard (future Earl of Buckingham) in Berkshire suggests a close relationship, as does his name which is similar to “Osbern” who was Walter Giffard’s paternal grandfather (see the document NORMANDY NOBILITY).  Maybe they were brothers.  m ---.  The name of Osbert’s wife is not known.  Osbert [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         ELIAS [I] Giffard (-[1130]).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "terram de Bocholt…" made in 1121 by "Helyas Gyffard et Ala uxor eius…et filius eorum Elyas"[371].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Elye Giff" in Wiltshire, Gloucestershire and Northamptonshire[372]m ALA, daughter of --- (-after 1121).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "terram de Bocholt…" made in 1121 by "Helyas Gyffard et Ala uxor eius…et filius eorum Elyas"[373]Elias [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          ELIAS [II] Giffard (-after 1166).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "terram de Bocholt…" made in 1121 by "Helyas Gyffard et Ala uxor eius…et filius eorum Elyas"[374]

-         see below

b)         [WILLIAM Giffard (-after [1127]).  "…Will Giff…" witnessed the charter dated to [1127] which records that "Ricard Pontii filii" granted the manor of "Lechia" to "Mathildi uxori mee in matrimoniu" in exchange for her original marriage portion, the manor of Ullingswick in Herefordshire, which he gave to "Helie Giff in mat-monu cum filia mea Berta"[375].] 

 

 

ELIAS [II] Giffard, son of ELIAS [I] Giffard & his wife Ala --- (-after 1166).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "terram de Bocholt…" made in 1121 by "Helyas Gyffard et Ala uxor eius…et filius eorum Elyas"[376].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "Cronham" made "tempore Hamelini abbatis" [abbot from 1148 to 1179] by "Helias Giffard filius Heliæ senioris et Alæ uxoris eius"[377].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "ecclesiam Beatæ Mariæ de Boytone, ecclesiam Sancti Georgii de Orchestone cum capella Sancti Andreæ de Wyneterborne" made "tempore Hamelini abbatis" [abbot from 1148 to 1179] by "Helias Boy Gyffard", for the soul of "Bertæ uxoris suus", later confirmed by "Walterus Giffard filius Heliæ…tempore Hamelini abbatis"[378].  "Elyas Giffardus" donated "ecclesiam Sanctæ Mariæ de Boytona" to Gloucester St Peter, for the souls of "…uxoris meæ Bertha", by undated charter[379]

m ([1127]) BERTHA, daughter RICHARD FitzPons & his wife Matilda --- (-after 1167).  A charter dated to [1127] records that "Ricard Pontii filii" granted the manor of "Lechia" to "Mathildi uxori mee in matrimoniu" in exchange for her original marriage portion, the manor of Ullingswick in Herefordshire, which he gave to "Helie Giff in mat-monu cum filia mea Berta"[380].  "Helyas Giffardus" recorded that "uxori meæ Bertæ medietatem totius manerii de Ullingwike maritagii sui" and donated the property to Gloucester St Peter by charter dated 18 Jul 1163[381].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Helias Giffard junior et Berta mater eius" donated "octo libratas terræ in Willyngwyke" in exchange for "Cronham quam pater eius dederat quando factus fuerat monachus", confirmed by "Helias filius eorum", and that "Berta uxor Heliæ Giffard" donated "terras in Wllingwuke…tempore Hamelini abbatis" [abbot from 1148 to 1179][382].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "ecclesiam Beatæ Mariæ de Boytone, ecclesiam Sancti Georgii de Orchestone cum capella Sancti Andreæ de Wyneterborne" made "tempore Hamelini abbatis" [abbot from 1148 to 1179] by "Helias Boy Gyffard", for the soul of "Bertæ uxoris suus", later confirmed by "Walterus Giffard filius Heliæ…tempore Hamelini abbatis"[383].  "Elyas Giffardus" donated "ecclesiam Sanctæ Mariæ de Boytona" to Gloucester St Peter, for the souls of "…uxoris meæ Bertha", by undated charter[384]

Elias [II] & his wife had [five] children: 

1.         ELIAS [III] Giffard (-after 1190).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Elias Giffard" held land from "comitis Patricii" in Wiltshire, also record the knights’ fees in Wiltshire held from "baroniæ Eliæ Giffardi", and that "Elias Giffard" held one knight’s fee from the bishop of Worcester in Worcestershire[385].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Helias Giffard junior et Berta mater eius" donated "octo libratas terræ in Willyngwyke" in exchange for "Cronham quam pater eius dederat quando factus fuerat monachus", confirmed by "Helias filius eorum", and that "Berta uxor Heliæ Giffard" donated "terras in Wllingwuke…tempore Hamelini abbatis" [abbot from 1148 to 1179][386].  "Helyam Giffard" reached agreement with Gloucester St Peter concerning "ecclesiam Sanctæ Mariæ de Boytona" to Gloucester St Peter by charter dated to [1179/1205][387].  "Helyas Giffardus" donated land "in Ullingwika" to Gloucester St Peter, and confirmed the donation of land "in Ullingewike" donated by "mater mea", by undated charter[388].  "Helyas Giffardus" confirmed the donations of land "in Ullingewike" to Gloucester St Peter made by "Helyas Giffard pater meus et Berta mater meus" by undated charter[389]m MATILDA de Berkeley, daughter of MAURICE FitzRobert de Berkeley & his wife Alice de Berkeley.  Smyth states that "the daughter of…lord Maurice was married to Osbert Gifford kt, by whome hee had issue, Osbert Gifford and others, which Osbert became servant to King Henry the third in the eighth year of his raigne", citing a charter at Berkeley, close roll and fine roll records[390].  The chronology of the Giffard family suggests that Matilda must have been one of her parents’ older children and that her husband must have been Elias.  This suggested identification of her husband appears to be corroborated by the charter dated to after 1220 under which “Thomas de Berkeley” granted “the reversion of the land in Foxcote which his wife Lucy holds in dower” to “Osbert Gyffard his nephew” [who is identified as Osbert [II] Giffard, son of Elias Giffard][391]Elias [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)         ELIAS [IV] Giffard (-1247).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Helias Giffard" holding nine knights’ fees "in Winterborne" in Wiltshire in [1210/12][392].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Gloucestershire, dated to [1211/13]: "Elyas Giffard" owed "pro Brumesfeld et Rochamt…ix milites"[393].  An undated writ, endorsed "32 Hen III", after the death of "Elias Giffard" names "--- his son aged 16 is his heir" and the manors of "Winterburne…Sernton…Ayston held of John Mautravers in free marriage" in Wiltshire[394]m firstly ---.  m secondly ISOLDA Mautravers, daughter of --- Mautravers & his wife ---.  An undated writ, endorsed "32 Hen III", after the death of "Elias Giffard" names the manors of "…Ayston held of John Mautravers in free marriage" in Wiltshire[395].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Gloucester, dated 1247, which include "juratores presentant quod Johannes filius et heres Elie Giffard debet esse in custodia domini regis; et Isolde que fuit uxor predicti Elie habet custodiam eius..."[396].  Elias [IV] & his second wife had one child: 

i)          JOHN Giffard ([1231/32]-Boyton, Wiltshire 29 May 1299, bur Malmesbury Abbey).  An undated writ, endorsed "32 Hen III", after the death of "Elias Giffard" names "--- his son aged 16 is his heir"[397].  An undated writ, regarding the proof of age of "John son of Elias Giffard", states that "he was 4 years old when he was contracted with Aubrey de Caumvill of Arewe, who was about 4 or 5 years old" but "declaiming against the marriage", that a witness states that he was "26 years old" and another that he was "28 and entering his 29th year…29 on the day of St Walstan"[398].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Gloucester, dated 1247, which include "Johannes filius Elie Gifford debet esse in donacione domini regis et fuit maritatus ante quam ---..."[399].  “Johannes Giffard dominus de Brimesfeild” donated property to Gloucester College, Oxford, for the soul of “Matildæ Longespee, quondam consortis meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “domino Johanne Giffard consanguineo meo[400].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord Giffard.  [m firstly (1247) ---.  An undated writ, regarding the proof of age of "John son of Elias Giffard", states that "he was 4 years old when he was contracted with Aubrey de Caumvill of Arewe, who was about 4 or 5 years old" but "declaiming against the marriage", that a witness states that he was "26 years old" and another that he was "28 and entering his 29th year…29 on the day of St Walstan"[401].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Gloucester, dated 1247, which include "Johannes filius Elie Gifford debet esse in donacione domini regis et fuit maritatus ante quam ---..."[402].  The latter source suggests that the marriage did take place.  m secondly ([1271]) as her second husband, MATILDA de Clifford, widow of WILLIAM Longespee, daughter and heiress of WALTER de Clifford of Clifford Castle, Herefordshire & his wife Margaret of Wales (-[Dec 1282/9 May 1285]).  The Book of Lacock names “Matildam filiam d’ni Walteri de Clifford” as wife of “Guill. Lungespee tertius, filius Guill. Lungespee secundi[403].  "Walterus de Clifford filius Walteri de Clifford et Agnetis de Cundy" donated land in Cofham to Acornbury priory, Herefordshire, also donated by "Katherinæ filiæ Walteri de Lacy", for the souls of “Margaretæ uxoris meæ et dominæ Mathildis filiæ meæ” by undated charter[404].  “Matildis de Lungespe, filia et hæres domini Walteri de Clifford” confirmed donations of property to Shrewsbury abbey, by “patris mei…Walterus de Clifford filius Walteri de Clifford, et Agnetis de Cundy” witnessed by “Egidio de Clifford fratre meo”, by undated charter[405].  “Johannes Giffard dominus de Brimesfeild” donated property to Gloucester College, Oxford, for the soul of “Matildæ Longespee, quondam consortis meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “domino Johanne Giffard consanguineo meo[406]m thirdly (1286) as her second husband, MARGARET, widow of JOHN Neville of Hallingbury, Wethersfield and Langham, Essex, daughter of --- (-before 13 Dec 1338).  The licence for the marriage of “Johannes Giffardi dominus de Clifford” and “Margareta de Novavilla” is dated 1286[407]

-         LORDS GIFFARD[408]

b)         OSBERT [II] Giffard (-1245).  "Osbert Gifford" was granted livery of "the manor of Winterburn" made to him by "Elias Gifford his brother" dated 11 May 1229[409].  Matthew Paris records the death in 1245 of "Osberti Giffard", although he does not specify his parentage[410].  A writ dated 24 Jul "31 Hen III", after the deaths of "Osbert Giffard and Alice Murdac" names "Osbert son of the said Osbert, age variously stated as 12 ½, 13 ½ and 13 on the quinzaine before St John the Baptist last, is heir of the said Osbert and Alice" and his manors "…Hekebokel…sometime held by the said Osbert and Isabel his wife [Devon]…"[411]m ISABEL de Bocland, daughter of ALAN de Bocland of Egg Buckland and Hooe & his wife Alice Murdac.  A writ dated 24 Jul "31 Hen III", after the deaths of "Osbert Giffard and Alice Murdac" names "Osbert son of the said Osbert, age variously stated as 12 ½, 13 ½ and 13 on the quinzaine before St John the Baptist last, is heir of the said Osbert and Alice" and his manors "…Hekebokel…sometime held by the said Osbert and Isabel his wife [Devon]…"[412].  Osbert [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          OSBERT [IV] Giffard ([1234/35]-after 12 Mar 1301).  A writ dated 24 Jul "31 Hen III", after the deaths of "Osbert Giffard and Alice Murdac" names "Osbert son of the said Osbert, age variously stated as 12 ½, 13 ½ and 13 on the quinzaine before St John the Baptist last, is heir of the said Osbert and Alice" and his manors "…Hekebokel…sometime held by the said Osbert and Isabel his wife [Devon]…"[413]m JOAN, daughter of --- (-after 16 Nov 1289). 

2.         WALTER Giffard (-after 1199).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus Giffard" used to hold one knight’s fee in Hampshire now held by "Walterus Giffard", and that "Walterus Giffard" held one and a half knight’s fees from "comes Patricii" in Wiltshire[414].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the donation of "ecclesiam Beatæ Mariæ de Boytone, ecclesiam Sancti Georgii de Orchestone cum capella Sancti Andreæ de Wyneterborne" made "tempore Hamelini abbatis" [abbot from 1148 to 1179] by "Helias Boy Gyffard", for the soul of "Bertæ uxoris suus", later confirmed by "Walterus Giffard filius Heliæ…tempore Hamelini abbatis"[415].  "Walterius Giffard" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam Sanctæ Mariæ de Boytona" to Gloucester St Peter by charter dated 1177, a later charter confirmed that the donations in question were made by "Helyas Giffard et post eum Walterus filius eius"[416].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Gilbertus Giffard" donated "duas virgatas terræ in Ullyngwyke quas habuit ex dono Walteri Giffard", confirmed by "Walterus Giffard", and that "Walterus Giffard" donated "partem quam habuit in Frydmore"[417].  "Walterus Giffardus" donated his part of land "in Fridmore apud Ullingwike" to Gloucester St Peter by charter dated 5 Aug 1192[418].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Walterus Giffard" holding two knights’ fees in Gloucestershire in [1199/1200][419]

3.         GILBERT Giffard .  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Gilbertus Giffard" donated "duas virgatas terræ in Ullyngwyke quas habuit ex dono Walteri Giffard", confirmed by "Walterus Giffard", and that "Walterus Giffard" donated "partem quam habuit in Frydmore"[420].  "Walterus Giffardus" granted land "in Ullingwike", including part "quæ fuit Roberti filii Walterii", to "Gilberto Giffardo fratri meo" by undated charter[421].  "Gilbertus Giffardus" donated land "in Ullingwike" granted to him by "præfatus dominus et frater meus Walterus" to Gloucester St Peter, with the consent of "domini et fratris mei Walteri Giffard", by undated charter[422]

4.         [GERARD FitzElias (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Gerardus filius Elyæ" three and one half knights’ fees from "Henrici de Pomereia" in Devon[423].  It is not certain that Gerard’s father was Elias [II] Giffard, but this affiliation appears chronologically possible.] 

5.         [--- Giffard .  It is probable that the father of Richard [I] was one of the sons of Elias [II] Giffard who are named above.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         RICHARD [I] Giffard .  Bracton notes a claim, dated 1226, by "Willelmus de Huntercumba" against "Osbertum Giffard" for "quartam partem feodi…in Ispedena", the plaintiff claiming that it was granted to "Willelmus Perchaye avus suus", inherited by "Cristine filie sue" as his sons predeceased their father, and from her to "huic Willelmo…filio et heredi suo", while the defendant claimed (supported by "Eliam Giffarde") that "Elye avi predicti Elye" gave it to "Ricardo Giffarde nepote suo de Ispedena"[424]same person as...?  RICHARD [II] Giffard .  The primary source which confrims that Richard [II] was the same person as Richard [I] has not yet been identified.  However, the fact that Richard [II] named his son Osbert suggests that this co-identity may be correct.  Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight’s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[425]m ---.  The name of Richard’s wife is not known.  Richard & his wife had four children: 

i)          OSBERT [III] Giffard (-[11 May /2 Sep] 1229).  The lands of "Osbert Gifford, owed several debts to the king…dead" were taken into the king’s hands but a fine was agreed with "H. bishop of Rochester, Henry of Walpole, Isabella de Friville and Matilda Gifford, sister of Osbert Gifford", dated 2 Sep 1229[426].  King Henry III ordered the execution of the testament of "Osberti Giffard" dated 2 Sep 1229[427].  Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight’s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[428]m (before 1 Jun 1216) ISABEL de Freville, daughter of ---.  King John granted safe passage to "Isabell de Frievill uxor Osberti Giffard" for discussions with the king by order dated 1 Jun 1216[429].  The lands of "Osbert Gifford, owed several debts to the king…dead" were taken into the king’s hands but a fine was agreed with "H. bishop of Rochester, Henry of Walpole, Isabella de Friville and Matilda Gifford, sister of Osbert Gifford", dated 2 Sep 1229[430].  King Henry III granted "custodia terre et heredis Willelmi de Hasting" to “...Isabelle que fuit uxor Osberti Giffard et Matildi sorori ipsius Osberti”, dated 1229[431]

ii)         MABILIE Giffard (-after 1232).  Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight’s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[432]m ADAM de Cailly, son of --- (-after 1232). 

iii)        ISABEL Giffard (-after 1232).  Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight’s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[433]m --- de Freville, son of --- (-before 1232). 

iv)       MATILDA Giffard (-after 1232).  The lands of "Osbert Gifford, owed several debts to the king…dead" were taken into the king’s hands but a fine was agreed with "H. bishop of Rochester, Henry of Walpole, Isabella de Friville and Matilda Gifford, sister of Osbert Gifford", dated 2 Sep 1229[434].  King Henry III granted "custodia terre et heredis Willelmi de Hasting" to “...Isabelle que fuit uxor Osberti Giffard et Matildi sorori ipsius Osberti”, dated 1229[435].  Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight’s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[436]

 

 

1.         WALTER Giffard (-after 22 Aug 1250).  Rector of Wickham, Salisbury: Pope Innocent IV granted indult to “Walter called ‘Giffard’ papal subdeacon and chaplain, kinsman of the bishop of Bath, to hold besides the rectory of Wikam in the diocese of Salisbury one other benefice...”, dated 22 Aug 1250[437]

 

 

 

LORDS GIFFARD of Brimpsfield, GIFFARD (of Fonthill, Wiltshire)

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the relationships between the following members of this family have not been identified, but the references to Fonthill indicate that they were all closely related. 

 

1.         BERENGER Giffard (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Berengar Giffard” holding Fonthill Giffard in Wiltshire, and Bredy in Dorset[438].  The entries precede the ones which records the landholdings in Wiltshire and Dorset of Osbern Giffard, which suggests a close relationship.  Maybe they were brothers. 

 

2.         ROBERT Giffard of Fonthill, Wiltshire (-before 1166).  [The 1130 Pipe Roll records "--- Giffard" accounting for "terra q Ric de Holeweia clamat uers eu" in Devonshire[439].]  m ---.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         GERARD Giffard (-after 1172).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus Giffard" used to hold one knight’s fee in Hampshire now held by "Gerardus filius eius", that "Girardus Giffard et Walterus de Calestone" held one knight’s fee in Wiltshire from the abbey of Wilton, and that "Gerardus Giffard" held one knight’s fee in "baroniæ Eliæ Giffardi" in Wiltshire[440]

 

3.         ANDREW Giffard (-before 1220).  “Andrew Giffard” granted land “in Sutton, which William Blund held of him” [in Wiltshire] to Stanley St. Mary, undated, witnessed by “...Peter Giffard...[441].  An order dated 1220 records that, whereas “Andrew Giffard, who held the Barony of Fontil by hereditary right, was dead and had resigned the Barony temp. King John...to Robert de Mandeville, Robert Mauduit, William Cumin and William de Fontibus, as right heirs of the Barony”, the “vavassoria” were now delivered to “Robert de Mandeville and the other heirs above named”, Round discussing “vavassoria[442]

 

4.         PETER Giffard .  “Andrew Giffard” granted land “in Sutton, which William Blund held of him” [in Wiltshire] to Stanley St. Mary, undated, witnessed by “...Peter Giffard...[443]

 

5.         WALERAN Giffard (-after 1166).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "Waleram de Scodimore et Waleram Giffardus" holding "de antiquo feodo...duo feodati" in Wiltshire[444]

 

 

1.         HUGH .  He is named as father of Robert in the 1200 document cited below.  No source has been found in which he is named on his own account.  Domesday Descendants says that Robert Giffard was the son of Gerard Giffard, which appears incorrect assuming that the 1200 document is accurate[445]m ---.  The name of Hugh’s wife is not known.  Hugh & his wife had one child:  

a)         ROBERT Giffard (-1209).  His parentage is confirmed by the order dated 1200 under which "Willelmus Cumin" paid a fine for the marriage of "juniore filia Rob fil Hug" and part of her inheritance in Northamptonshire[446].  "Rob Giffard" paid a fine "p passag suo…feudi i militi in capite de dño R" in Wiltshire, dated 1201[447].  Domesday Descendants notes the death of Robert Giffard (son of Gerard Giffard, which appears from the source dated 1200 to be a mistake for Hugh) in 1209 "when his heirs were daughters married to Robert Mauduit, Robert de Mandeville and William Comin", but does not cite the corresponding primary source[448]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had [four] children: 

i)          --- Giffard .  Domesday Descendants notes the death of Robert Giffard in 1209 "when his heirs were daughters married to Robert Mauduit, Robert de Mandeville and William Comin", but does not cite the corresponding primary source[449].  The information is confirmed by the sources cited under her husband.  The information is confirmed by the sources cited under her husband (follow the hyperlink).  m (before 1209) ROBERT de Mandeville, son of --- (-after 1232). 

ii)         --- Giffard .  Domesday Descendants notes the death of Robert Giffard in 1209 "when his heirs were daughters married to Robert Mauduit, Robert de Mandeville and William Comin", but does not cite the corresponding primary source[450].  The information is confirmed by the sources cited under her husband (follow the hyperlink).  m (before 1209) ROBERT Mauduit, son of --- (-[1232/42]). 

iii)        SARAH (-before 1210).  "Willelmus Cumin" paid a fine for the marriage of "juniore filia Rob fil Hug" and part of her inheritance in Northamptonshire, dated 1200[451].  Domesday Descendants notes the death of Robert Giffard in 1209 "when his heirs were daughters married to Robert Mauduit, Robert de Mandeville and William Comin", but does not cite the corresponding primary source[452].  The information is confirmed by the sources cited under her husband (follow the hyperlink).  m ([1200]) as his first wife, WILLIAM Comyn, son of RICHARD Comyn & his wife Hextilda of Tynedale (-1233 or after 12 Feb 1236). 

iv)       [--- Giffard .  Round indicates that the following document confirms her parentage, as a fourth daughter of Robert Giffard of Fonthill, and marriage (naming her husband “Robert de Fontibus...[who] is not heard of again”)[453]: the Testa de Nevill records [1242/43] "Johannes de Cantilupo heres Roberti Maudut" and “heres Willelmi de Fontibus” holding “feudum unius militis in Funtel de Galfrido de Mandevil” in Wiltshire[454].  An order dated 1220 records that, whereas “Andrew Giffard, who held the Barony of Fontil by hereditary right, was dead and had resigned the Barony temp. King John...to Robert de Mandeville, Robert Mauduit, William Cumin and William de Fontibus, as right heirs of the Barony”, the “vavassoria” were now delivered to “Robert de Mandeville and the other heirs above named”, Round discussing “vavassoria[455].  Presumably “William de Fontibus” was the son of Robert (whose death before [1209/10], leaving William a minor as his heir, could explain the absence of any “Fontibus” reference in the records quoted above dated between 1209 and 1212), and that William died before [1242/43] leaving heirs who were minors.  m ROBERTde Fontibus”, son of ---.] 

 

 

1.         JOHN GiffardLord Giffard of Brimpsfield.  m firstly MATILDA de Clifford, daughter of ---.  John & his wife had children: 

a)         CATHERINE Giffard (1272-after 1322).  The Book of Lacock names “Catharinam filiam Johannis Giffard” as wife of “Nich’um de Audele”, son of “Jacobus de Audele[456].  She became a nun at Ledbury[457]m (1299 or before) NICHOLAS de Audley, son of JAMES de Audley of Heleigh, Staffordshire & his wife Ela Longespee (before 1258-28 Aug 1299). 

 

 

 

LORDS GRANDSON

 

 

GUILLAUME de Grandson, son of PIERRE Seigneur de Grandson & his wife Agnes de Neuchâtel (-27 Jun 1335).  Under age in 1263: “Agnes domina de Grandisono, tutrix...liberorum nostrorum Petri et Willelmi, Girardus, Jaquetus et Henricus pro se et fratre suo Otonino, filii predicte domine” exchanged property with "Petro comiti Sabaudie" by charter dated 31 Aug 1263[458].  Wurstenberger reproduces an inaccurate version of the same charter reading "Agnetem dominam de Grandisono relictam domini Petri de Grandisono, tutricem filiorum suorum Petri, Willelmi, Girardi, Jaqueti, Henrici et Ottonini de Grandisono"[459].  Of Ashperton, Herefordshire.  He was summoned to the English parliament from 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Grandson [Grandison][460]

m firstly [(after Mar 1267) JEANNETTE de Gruyère, daughter of PIERRE [II] Comte de Gruyère & his wife Ambrosie --- (-before 1284)].  The possible identification of Guillaume’s first wife was studied by David Williams[461].  His first marriage is indicated by the following document: Pope Clement V granted indult dated 1306 to “the wife of William de Grandison” to visit the monasteries of Dore and Flayley, Hereford “founded by her ancestors” to hold services for the souls of “the elder sons of her said husband[462].  Williams quite reasonably suggests that the indult “can only mean that these sons were dead, and were not Sibyl’s sons[463].  Her identity is suggested from the following.  Hisely notes that "suivant une opinion" (citing "une table généalogique de la maison de Gruyère, dressée par A. L. de Watteville") married “Guillaume de Grandson[464].  David Williams traced the citation to an undated mid-18th century manuscript genealogy, which he consulted in the Burgerbibliothek in Bern.  He notes the absence of any source reference for the marriage in the document, but highlights Wattenwyl’s use of primary source material and concludes that “there is no obvious reason to believe that Wattenwyl fabricated the marriage, and very probably he used otherwise unknown charter evidence or an earlier genealogy as his source[465].  If this marriage is correct, it must have taken place after Mar 1267 when Jeannette is named with her parents and siblings: "Petrus miles filius…Rodulfi comitis de Gruyeria" donated property to the abbey of Hauterive, with the consent of "domine Ambrosie uxoris nostre et Petri filii nostri et Willermete uxoris eiusdem Petri necnon filiarum nostrarum Ioannete, Perrete et Columbe", by charter dated Mar 1267[466].  The possibility of this Grandson/Gruyère marriage seems good, especially as Jeannette’s older brother was already married to Guillaume’s sister.] 

m secondly (1285 or before) SIBYLLA de Tregoz, daughter of JOHN de Tresgoz & his wife Mabel FitzWarin (before 1270-21 Oct 1334, bur Dore Abbey).  "Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" names "Sibill" as the second daughter of "John Tresgoos" and his wife, adding that she married "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon", by whom she had "6 fils, Edmund, Peirs cheveleir, Joh clerk […evesq de Exeter], Otto chivaler, Tho clerk, Will clerk" and "les files Agnes, Mabil, Maud, Katherine, les deux eignes marry lun a Sr Joh Northwood, lauter a Sr Joh Patshull, le terce Maud un nonyne et prioresse de Acornbury, le quart Katherine Countess de Sarisbury"[467].  A writ dated 6 Sep "28 Edw I", after the death of "John Tregoz alias de Tregoz", names "John la Warre his grandson (nepos) […aged 24, son of Clarice la Warre his eldest daughter who is dead…married to Roger la War] and Sibyl the wife of William de Grauntcoun (alias de Grandissono) his […younger] daughter […aged 30 and more] both aged 21 and more are his next heirs"[468]

Guillaume & his first wife had [two or more] children: 

1.         two or more sons.  Their existence is confirmed by the 1306 indult quoted above granted to their stepmother to hold services for the souls of “the elder sons of her said husband”.  Besides the two possible sons named below, Williams discusses other possible children of Guillaume’s first marriage[469]

2.         [GERARD de Grandson (-[before 1306]).  Williams suggests that Guillaume’s sons by his first marriage (deceased in 1306 as noted above) may include Gerard de Grandison (named between 8 Mar 1282 (O.S.) [corrected from 8 Mar 1279] when a pension was granted to “Gerard de Grandisono, nephew of Sir O.de Grandisono, king’s counsellor“ until receiving a prebend at York[470].  A charter dated 9 Nov 1283 appointed “Sir Gerard de Grandisono” (“dominus Gerardus de Grandisono”) to “the prebend of Happlestorpe” [Apesthorpe][471].  Gerard de Grandson was recorded in 1297 in Flanders on royal business with Pierre de Champvent[472].] 

3.         [JOHN de Grandson (-[before 1306]).  Williams suggests that Guillaume’s sons by his first marriage (deceased in 1306 as noted above) may include John de Grandison (Letters dated 10 Feb 1303 for Otto de Chaumpvent, going with Otto de Grandison overseas on the king’s service, nominating “John de Grandison and John de Cusancia clerks” as his attorneys for two years)[473].] 

4.         [AGNES ([1282/83]-Ruskington, Lincolnshire 11 Dec 1357, bur Ruskington All Saints).  Williams discusses Agnes wife of Thomas Lord Bardolf as another possible child of Guillaume de Grandson by his first wife[474].  Blomefield records that “the lord Bardolf” [indicating Thomas, son of Hugh Lord Bardolf] married “Agnes, daughter of the Lord Grandison[475].  Williams notes an order dated 8 Aug 1337 which confirms Agnes’s foreign birth in “Almain” (a term loosely used for Germany, which could have extended to include Grandson lands in modern-day Switzerland): protection granted to “Agnes, late the wife of Thomas Bardolf, who by birth of the parts of Almain[476].  Williams discusses background to her marriage and suggests the likely date as shown below[477].  Williams discusses the possibility of her second marriage (15 Feb 1329) with Sir Walter de Cokesey of Cooksey, Worcestershire, inferred in the Complete Peerage from a faulty Beauchamp pedigree, but points out that there appears to be no other evidence of it and that Agnes was always referred to as the widow of Lord Bardolf whilst she was ostensibly married to Sir Walter[478]m ([25 Nov/12 Dec] 1304) THOMAS Bardolf Lord Bardolf, son of HUGH Bardolf Lord Bardolf & his wife Isabel Aguillon (4 Oct 1282-15 Dec 1328).] 

Guillaume & his second wife had ten children: 

5.         EDMUND de Grandson .  "Edmund, Peirs cheveleir, Joh clerk […evesq de Exeter], Otto chivaler, Tho clerk, Will clerk" are named as the six sons of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[479]

6.         PIERS de Grandson (-10 Aug 1358).  "Edmund, Peirs cheveleir, Joh clerk […evesq de Exeter], Otto chivaler, Tho clerk, Will clerk" are named as the six sons of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[480].  He succeeded his father as Lord Grandsonm (before 10 Jun 1330) BLANCHE Mortimer, daughter of ROGER [V] de Mortimer Earl of March & his wife Joan de Geneville (-1347).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Wigmore Abbey names “Edmundum primogenitum…Rogerum militem, Galfridum…Johannem…Katherinam…Johannam…Agnetam…Margaretam…Matildam… Blanchiam… et Beatricem” as children of “Roger comes et Johanna uxor eius”, adding that Blanche married “domino Petro de Graunson[481]

7.         JOHN de Grandson (Ashperton, Herefordshire 1292-16 Jul 1369, bur Exeter Cathedral).  "Edmund, Peirs cheveleir, Joh clerk […evesq de Exeter], Otto chivaler, Tho clerk, Will clerk" are named as the six sons of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[482].  Bishop of Exeter.  He succeeded his brother as Lord Grandson. 

8.         OTTO de Grandson (-23 May 1359, bur [Ottery St Mary or Chellesfield St John]).  "Edmund, Peirs cheveleir, Joh clerk […evesq de Exeter], Otto chivaler, Tho clerk, Will clerk" are named as the six sons of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[483].  The will of "Otho de Grandison Knt", dated [3 Sep] 1358, chose burial “in the Collegiate Church of St Mary de Ottery in the diocese of Exeter, if I should happen to die therein, if I die at Chellesfield, then to be buried in the chapel of St John at Chellesfield”, bequeathed property to “Thomas my son...Elizabeth my daughter...William my bastard son”, and appointed “Beatrix my wife and Theobold de Moatney” as executors[484]m (before 28 Oct 1340) BEATRIX, daughter of NICHOLAS Malemayn & his wife --- (-after Jun 1359).  The will of "Otho de Grandison Knt", dated [3 Sep] 1358, appointed “Beatrix my wife and Theobold de Moatney” as executors[485]Otto & his wife had two children: 

a)         THOMAS de Grandson (-1 Nov 1375).  The will of "Otho de Grandison Knt", dated [3 Sep] 1358, bequeathed property to “Thomas my son...Elizabeth my daughter...William my bastard son[486].  He succeeded his uncle as Lord Grandsonm MARGARET de Caru, daughter of --- (-Oct 1394). 

b)         ELIZABETH de Grandson (-after [3 Sep] 1358).  The will of "Otho de Grandison Knt", dated [3 Sep] 1358, bequeathed property to “Thomas my son...Elizabeth my daughter...William my bastard son[487]

Otto had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

c)         WILLIAM (-after [3 Sep] 1358).  The will of "Otho de Grandison Knt", dated [3 Sep] 1358, bequeathed property to “Thomas my son...Elizabeth my daughter...William my bastard son[488]

9.         THOMAS de Grandson (-[1317]).  "Edmund, Peirs cheveleir, Joh clerk […evesq de Exeter], Otto chivaler, Tho clerk, Will clerk" are named as the six sons of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[489]

10.      WILLIAM de Grandson (-1350).  "Edmund, Peirs cheveleir, Joh clerk […evesq de Exeter], Otto chivaler, Tho clerk, Will clerk" are named as the six sons of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[490]

11.      AGNES de Grandson (-1348).  "Agnes, Mabil, Maud, Katherine, les deux eignes marry lun a Sr Joh Northwood, lauter a Sr Joh Patshull, le terce Maud un nonyne et prioresse de Acornbury, le quart Katherine Countess de Sarisbury" are named as the daughters of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[491]m JOHN de Northwood, son of ---. 

12.      MABEL de Grandson .  "Agnes, Mabil, Maud, Katherine, les deux eignes marry lun a Sr Joh Northwood, lauter a Sr Joh Patshull, le terce Maud un nonyne et prioresse de Acornbury, le quart Katherine Countess de Sarisbury" are named as the daughters of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[492]m JOHN de Pateshull, son of ---. 

13.      MAUD de Grandson .  "Agnes, Mabil, Maud, Katherine, les deux eignes marry lun a Sr Joh Northwood, lauter a Sr Joh Patshull, le terce Maud un nonyne et prioresse de Acornbury, le quart Katherine Countess de Sarisbury" are named as the daughters of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[493]Prioress of Acornbury. 

14.      KATHERINE de Grandson (-23 Apr 1349).  "Agnes, Mabil, Maud, Katherine, les deux eignes marry lun a Sr Joh Northwood, lauter a Sr Joh Patshull, le terce Maud un nonyne et prioresse de Acornbury, le quart Katherine Countess de Sarisbury" are named as the daughters of "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon" and his wife "Sibill…Tresgoze"[494].  A manuscript calendar records the death “IX Kal Maii” of “dñe Kat’ine Comitesse de Sarisbury, fil’ dñi Willi de Gandeson[495]m (1327 or before) WILLIAM de Montagu, son of WILLIAM de Montagu Lord Montagu & his wife Elisabeth de Montfort (Casington, Oxfordshire [1302/03]-30 Jan 1344, bur Bisham).  He was created Earl of Salisbury 16 Mar 1337. 

 

 

 

GREY (of CODNOR, WILTON, RUTHIN)

 

 

A.      ORIGINS

 

 

1.         HENRY de Grey of Grays Thurrock, Essex (-1219)m as her first husband, ISOLDA, daughter of --- (-after 1 Jul 1225).  There are contrary indications concerning the parentage of Isolda.  “Jord Foliot Isold de Gray et Rad Paynel” swore homage for the lands of “Robti Bardulf avunculi sui”, and accepted security from “Robto Lupo loco Matild Bardulf matris sue que est una herederum predicti Roberti”, dated 1 Jul 1225[496].  This source suggests that Isolda de Grey was the daughter of the second sister of Robert Bardulf, and co-heir of her uncle.  On the other hand, Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy", records that Henry de Grey married "Ysolda...daughter of Hugh Bardolf, sister and one of the co-heirs of Robert Bardolf", that in 1235 she was “remarried to...Reginald de Meandre”, and that in 1246 “Richard de Gray son and heir of Isolda de Gray” swore homage to King Henry III, although he does not cite the source reference[497].  The birth date of Hugh [I] Bardolf (father of Robert Bardolf) is estimated to before 1135 (see above).  Hugh’s children would presumably therefore have been born in [1160/80].  If that date range is correct, the date of Isolda’s second marriage, and also the chronology of the Grey family, suggest that Isolda was more probably Hugh’s granddaughter than his daughter.  Another possibility is that the wife of Henry de Grey was Robert’s sister and that “Isold de Gray” who is named in the 1 Jul 1225 source was the couple’s daughter.  However, in that case, it is unclear why Isolda’s son Richard would not have been named as the Grey representative of the heirs who are named in 1 Jul 1225.  On balance, it appears more likely that Isolda was Robert Bardolf’s niece, although if that is correct there is no indication of her father’s family.  She married secondly (before 1235) Reginald de Meaudre.  Henry & his wife had children: 

a)         RICHARD de Grey of Codnor (-after 1246).  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy", records that in 1246 “Richard de Gray son and heir of Isolda de Gray” swore homage to King Henry III, but he does not cite the source reference[498].  This reference, if correct, suggests that Richard was his parents’ oldest son.  m LUCY de Humez, daughter of JOHN de Humez & his wife ---.  Richard & his wife had children: 

i)          JOHN de Grey (-before 5 Jan 1272)

-         LORDS GREY (of CODNOR)

b)         JOHN de Grey of Shirland, Derbyshire (-before 18 Mar 1266)m firstly EMMA de Glanville, daughter of GEOFFREY de Glanville & his wife ---.  m secondly (after 2 Nov 1230) as her second husband, EMMA de Cauz, widow of JOHN de Segrave, daughter of ROGER de Cauz & his wife ---.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1229, which involved "Johannem de Segraue et Emmam uxorem eius filiam et heredem…Rogeri de Cauz"[499].  King Henry III granted "maritagium Emme de Cauz que fuit uxor Johannis de Sedgrave, filii ipsius Stephani" to "Stephano de Sedgrave" dated 2 Nov 1230[500]m thirdly (17 Oct 1251) as her second husband, JOAN, widow of PAUL Peyvre or Piper, daughter of --- (-1256, bur Woburn).  John & his first wife had two children: 

i)          REYNOLD de Grey

ii)         EMMA de Greym WILLIAM de Huntingfield, son of ---. 

John & his second wife had one child: 

iii)        REYNOLD de Grey of Ruthin, Denbighshire, and Wilton, Herefordshire (-5 Apr 1308).  He was summoned to Parliament whereby he is held to have become Lord Grey (of Wilton).  m MATILDA de Longchamp, daughter of HENRY de Longchamp of Wilton, Herefordshire & his wife --- (-before 21 Nov 1302).  Reynold & his wife had children: 

(1)       JOHN de Grey of Wilton ([1267/68]-28 Oct 1323)Lord Grey (of Wilton). 

-         LORDS GREY (of WILTON)

c)         WILLIAM de Grey of Sandiacre .  m ---.  William & his wife had children: 

i)          RICHARD de Grey of Sandiacre  (-1298).  m LUCY, daughter of ---.  Richard & his wife had children: 

(1)       WILLIAM de Grey of Sandiacre .  m JOAN, daughter of ---.  William & his wife had children: 

(a)       RICHARD de Grey of Sandiacre (-1310).  m FELICIA, daughter of ---.  Richard & his wife had children: 

(i)         WILLIAM de Grey of Sandiacre . 

 

 

1.         [ALICE de Grey (-before 15 Apr 1206).  William Reedy, in the genealogical tables in the introduction to his collection of Basset charters, names "Alice de Gray" as the first wife of Alan Basset and mother of the children as shown below[501].  He does not cite the primary source which confirms that this is correct.  Alice has not been connected with the Grey families.  The similarity between “Alice de Gray” and “Aline de Gai” (Alan’s supposed second wife) is striking.  Unless another source emerges which confirms the separate identity of Alan’s two supposed wives, it appears likely that he had only a single wife.  In any case, the chronology of Alan’s sons, in particular the likely dates of the marriages of Gilbert and Philip, suggests that Aline de Gai (first named in 1206) was their mother[502]m as his first wife, ALAN Basset, son of THOMAS Basset [I] of Headington, Oxfordshire & his wife Alice de Dunstanville (-before 30 Sep 1230).] 

 

 

 

B.      LORDS GREY (of Codnor)

 

 

JOHN de Grey, son of RICHARD de Grey of Codnor & his wife Lucy de Humez (-before 5 Jan 1272).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 5 Jan "56 Hen III", after the death of "John de Grey alias le Grey", name “Henry his son age 14...15...17...is his next heir”, and name “Joan daughter of the said John aged 16” in connection with Barton, Yorkshire[503]

m LUCY de Mohun, daughter of REYNOLD de Mohun of Dunster, Somerset & his [second wife Isabel de Ferrers of the Earls of Derby]. 

John & his wife had two children:                         

1.         HENRY de Grey of Codnor, Derbyshire, Grays Thurrock, Essex, and Aylesford and Hoo, Kent ([1254/58]-Sep 1308).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 5 Jan "56 Hen III", after the death of "John de Grey alias le Grey", name “Henry his son age 14...15...17...is his next heir[504].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Grey (of Codnor).  m firstly [ELEANOR, daughter of HUGH de Courtenay & his wife Eleanor Le Despencer] (-before 6 Jun 1301).  According to the Complete Peerage, the wife of Henry de Grey was “said to have m 1stly Eleanor daughter of Hugh de Courtenay[505].  The same work suggests that “if this is correct” her father was Hugh who married Eleanor le Despencer.  However, this does not appear to be an ideal fit from a chronological point of view, assuming that Hugh le Despencer is identified as the Hugh who was killed at the battle of Evesham in 1265.  The Complete Peerage records that this Hugh le Despencer married “in or before 1260” Aline Basset, their son Hugh le Despencer being born 1 Mar 1261[506].  This would fit approximately with the estimated birth date of Hugh de Courtenay, son of Hugh de Courtenay and Eleanor, in [1275].  However, the wife of Henry de Grey would presumably have been born in the early 1260s, assuming that her marriage is correctly estimated to before [1281/82].  If that last date is correct, Eleanor, wife of Henry, would more likely have been born in the previous Courtenay generation.  The problem is that a “Hugh de Courtenay” has not yet been identified in that earlier generation.  m secondly (before 6 Jun 1301) as her second husband, JOAN, widow of RALPH de Cromwell, daughter of ---.  Henry & his first wife had children: 

a)         RICHARD de Grey ([1281/82]-before 10 Mar 1335).  Lord Grey (of Codnor).  m JOAN FitzPayn, daughter of ROBERT FitzPayn Lord FitzPayn & his wife Isabel de Clifford (-after Mar 1335).  Richard & his wife had children: 

i)          JOHN de Grey (-14 Dec 1392, bur Aylesford Kent)Lord Grey (of Codnor).  m firstly (before 4 Sep 1325) ELEANOR de Courtenay, daughter of HUGH de Courtenay [later Earl of Devon] & his wife Agnes de St John (-before 20 Oct 1330).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names (in order) “Elianoram…et Elizabetham” as the two daughters of ”dominus Hugo secundus” & his wife, adding that Eleanor married “Johanni de Gray” but died childless[507]m secondly (before 20 Oct 1330) ALICE de Lisle, daughter of WARIN de Lisle of Kingston-Lisle & his wife Alice de Tyes.  John & his second wife had children: 

(1)       HENRY de Grey (-after 1371)m JOAN de Cobham, daughter of REGINALD de Cobham Lord Cobham (of Sterborough) & his wife Joan de Berkeley.  The will of "Joan de Cobham of Starburghe", dated 13 Aug 1369, chose burial “in the churchyard of St Mary Overhere in Southwark”, bequeathed property to “Henry Grey and Dame Joan his wife and to that Joane my daughter, to Joane daughter to that Joane” and a conditional bequest to “Reginald my son” relating to property “sold...to my husband in the presence of the Lord Berkley my father[508]Henry & his wife had children: 

(a)       RICHARD Grey ([1371]-1 Aug 1418, bur Aylesford)Lord Grey (of Codnor). 

-         see below

2.         JOAN de Grey ([1255/56]-).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 5 Jan "56 Hen III", after the death of "John de Grey alias le Grey", name “Joan daughter of the said John aged 16” in connection with Barton, Yorkshire[509]

 

 

RICHARD Grey, son of HENRY de Grey & his wife Joan de Cobham ([1371]-1 Aug 1418, bur Aylesford)Lord Grey (of Codnor). 

m ELIZABETH Basset, daughter of RALPH Basset Lord Basset (of Sapcote) & his second wife Alice Derby (-after 24 Aug 1446). 

Richard & his wife had children: 

1.         JOHN Grey (1396 or before-14 Sep 1430)Lord Grey (of Codnor).  m as her first husband, ELIZABETH of Kildare, daughter of GERALD Earl of Kildare & his second wife Agnes Darcy (-6 Aug 1452).  She married secondly (1432) as his second wife, James Butler Earl of Ormond

2.         HENRY Grey ([1405]-17 Jul 1444)Lord Grey (of Codnor).  m (before 5 May 1434) as her first husband, MARGARET Percy, daughter of HENRY Percy of Atholl & his wife Elizabeth --- (-Sep 1464).  She married secondly Richard de Vere.  Henry & his wife had children: 

a)         HENRY Grey ([1424/25]-1496)Lord Grey (of Codnor).  m firstly (after 31 Aug 1454) CATHERINE Strangways, daughter of THOMAS Strangways & his wife Catherine Neville of the Earls of Westmoreland.  m secondly as her second husband, CATHERINE Stourton, widow of WILLIAM Berkeley of Beverston, Gloucestershire, daughter of WILLIAM Lord Stourton & his wife Margaret Chidiock (-London 25 Nov 1521).  She married thirdly William de la Pole

3.         ELIZABETH Greym JOHN Zouche, son of WILLIAM Zouche Lord Zouche & his wife ---. 

4.         ELEANOR Greym THOMAS Newport of High Ercall, Shropshire, son of ---. 

5.         LUCY Greym ROWLAND Lenthall of Lenthall and Hampton Court, Herefordshire, son of ---. 

 

 

 

C.      LORDS GREY (of Wilton)

 

 

JOHN de Grey of Wilton, son of REYNOLD de Grey Lord Grey (of Wilton) & his wife Matilda de Longchamp ([1267/68]-28 Oct 1323)Lord Grey (of Wilton). 

m firstly [ANNE de Ferrers, daughter of WILLIAM de Ferrers of Groby, Leicestershire & his first wife Anne ---.]  The Complete Peerage states that John Lord Grey of Wilton married “(it is said) Anne da. of William de Ferrers of Groby Leicester by his 1st wife Anne...” but does not provide the basis for this speculation[510]

m secondly MAUD, daughter of [RALPH Basset of Drayton, Staffordshire & his wife Margaret de Somery].  The Complete Peerage states that John Lord Grey of Wilton married secondly “Maud, who is said to have been da. of Ralph Basset of Drayton by Margaret...de Somery” but does not provide the basis for this speculation[511]

John & his first wife had children: 

1.         HENRY de Grey ([1280/81]-10 or 16 Dec 1342).  Lord Grey (of Wilton).  m ANNE, daughter of [RALPH de Rockley & his wife Isabel de Clare].  The Complete Peerage states that John Lord Grey of Wilton married “(it is said) Anne da. and h. of Ralph de Rockley by Isabel da. of William de Clare[512]Henry & his wife had children: 

a)         REYNOLD Grey (-Shirland 28 May or 4 Jun 1370).  Lord Grey (of Wilton).  m (10 Jan 1328) MAUD, daughter of --- (-Shirland 14 Sep 1391).  Reynold & his wife had children: 

i)          HENRY Grey (-22 Apr 1396)Lord Grey (of Wilton). 

-         see below

2.         ROGER de Grey (-6 Mar 1353).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1325 whereby he is held to have become Lord Grey (of Ruthin). 

-        LORDS GREY (of RUTHIN)

3.         JOAN de Grey (-1353, before 5 Apr)m (settlement 27 Mar 1304) RALPH Basset Lord Basset (of Drayton), son of RALPH Basset Lord Basset (of Drayton) & his wife Hawise --- (-25 Feb 1343). 

 

 

HENRY Grey, son of REYNOLD de Grey Lord Grey (of Wilton) & his wife Matilda --- (-22 Apr 1396)Lord Grey (of Wilton).  

m (before 3 Feb 1380) ELIZABETH, daughter of --- (-10 Jan 1402). 

Henry & his wife had children: 

1.         RICHARD Grey (-[12 Aug 1442/5 Feb 1443], bur Bletchley)Lord Grey (of Wilton).  The will of "Richard Grey Lord of Wilton", dated 12 Aug 1442, chose burial “in the church of Our Lady at Blechelæ”, bequeathed property to “Margaret my wife[513]m firstly BLANCHE, daughter of ---.  m secondly (1427) as her first husband, MARGARET de Ferrers, daughter of WILLIAM de Ferrers Lord Ferrers of Groby & his [first/second wife Philippa de Clifford/Margaret de Montagu] (-16 Jan 1452).  The will of "Richard Grey Lord of Wilton", dated 12 Aug 1442, chose burial “in the church of Our Lady at Blechelæ”, bequeathed property to “Margaret my wife[514]She married secondly (before 14 Feb 1446) Thomas Grey of Richemount, Bedfordshire.  Richard & his first wife had children: 

a)         REGINALD Grey (1421-22 Feb 1494, bur Bletchley, Buckinghamshire)Lord Grey (of Wilton).  m TACINE [Jacinta or Thomasine], illegitimate daughter of JOHN Beaufort Duke of Somerset & his mistress --- ([1434]-after 1469)A document which sets out the order of the funeral of William Lord Grey (of Wilton) (who was buried 22 Dec 1562) records “the greate-graundfather and greate-graundmother to the defuncte...Reygnolde lorde Grey and Thomasyn or Thasyna base daughter to John duke of Somerset[515]Reginald & his wife had children: 

i)          JOHN Grey (-3 Apr 1499)Lord Grey (of Wilton).  m firstly ANNE Grey, daughter of EDMUND Grey Earl of Kent & his wife Katherine Percy of the Earls of Northumberland.  m secondly as her second husband, ELIZABETH Vaughan, widow of THOMAS Cokesey, daughter of THOMAS Vaughan & his wife --- (-15 Jan 1515).  She married thirdly (before 25 Nov 1501) Edward Stanley, afterwards Lord Mounteagle. 

-         LORDS GREY (of WILTON)[516]

 

 

D.      LORDS GREY (of Ruthin)

 

 

ROGER de Grey, son of JOHN de Grey Lord Grey of Wilton & his wife --- (-6 Mar 1353).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1325 whereby he is held to have become Lord Grey (of Ruthin). 

m ELIZABETH de Hastings, daughter of JOHN Hastings Lord Hastings & his first wife Isabelle de Valence [Lusignan]. 

Roger & his wife had children: 

1.         JOHN de Grey (-[25 Oct 1348/4 May 1350])m AGNES de Montagu, daughter of WILLIAM Montagu Earl of Salisbury & his wife Catherine Grandson

2.         REYNOLD de Grey (-28 Jul or 4 Aug 1388).  Lord Grey (of Ruthin).  m ELEANOR Lestrange, daughter of ROGER Lestrange Lord Strange (of Knockin) & his wife --- (-20 Apr 1396). 

a)         REYNOLD Grey ([1361/62]-18 Oct 1440).  Lord Grey (of Ruthin).  m firstly (after 25 Nov 1378) MARGARET de Roos, daughter of THOMAS de Roos of Helmsley, Lord Roos & his wife Beatrice Stafford of the Earls of Stafford.  m secondly (before 7 Feb 1415) as her second husband, JOAN Asteley, widow of THOMAS Raleghe, daughter of WILLIAM Asteley of Astley, Warwickshire & his wife Joan --- (-2 Sep or 12 Nov 1448).  Reynold & his first wife had children: 

i)          JOHN Grey (-27 Aug 1439)m (before 24 Feb 1413) as her second husband, CONSTANCE de Holand, widow of THOMAS Mowbray Duke of Norfolk, daughter of JOHN de Holand Duke of Exeter & his wife Elizabeth of Lancaster (1387-12 or 14 Nov 1437, bur London, St Katherine’s by the Tower).  The will of "John Holland Duke of Exeter", dated 16 Jul 1447, chose burial “in the church of St Katherine beside the Tower of London in a tomb there ordained for me and Anne my first wife, as also for my sister Constance and Anne my wife now living[517]John & his wife had two children: 

(1)       EDMUND Grey (-22 May 1490)Lord Grey (of Ruthin).  He was created Earl of Kent in 1465.  m KATHERINE Percy, daughter of HENRY Percy Earl of Northumberland & his wife Eleanor Neville (Leckonfield, Yorkshire 28 May 1423-).  Edmund & his wife had children: 

(a)       ANTHONY Grey of Ruthin (-[15 May/27 Nov] 1480, bur St Albans Abbey)m (1466) JOAN Wydeville, daughter of RICHARD Wydeville Earl Rivers & his wife Jacquette de Luxembourg.  The Annales of William Wyrcester record in 1466 that “Gray Ruffin filius et hæres comitis Kanciæ” married “aliam sororem reginæ[518]

(b)       GEORGE Grey (-Ampthill 16 Dec 1503).  He succeeded his father in 1490 as Earl of Kent, Lord Grey (of Ruthin).  m firstly (before 26 Jun 1480) as her third husband, ANNE Wydeville, widow firstly of WILLIAM Bourchier Viscount Bourchier and secondly of EDWARD Wingfield, daughter of RICHARD Wydeville Earl Rivers & his wife Jacquette de Luxembourg ([1438]-30 Jul 1489).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Anne Lady Bouchier" as daughter of "Richard Earl Rivers" and mother of "Henry Earl of Essex" and of "Lady Ferrers of Chartley"[519]m secondly ([1 Oct] 1490) CATHERINE Herbert, daughter of WILLIAM Herbert Earl of Pembroke & his wife Anne Devereux (-[1 Dec 1500/8 May 1504]). 

-         EARLS of KENT[520]

Reynold & his second wife had children: 

ii)         EDWARD Grey (-18 Dec 1457)

-         see below

3.         JULIANA de Grey (-1361).  m (1330) JOHN Talbot, son of RICHARD Talbot of Richard’s Castle & his wife Joan de Mortimer ([1319]-1355). 

 

 

EDWARD Grey, son of REYNOLD Grey Lord Grey (of Ruthin) & his second wife Joan Asteley (-18 Dec 1457)

m as her first husband, ELIZABETH Ferrers, daughter of HENRY Ferrers & his wife Isabel Mowbray ([1417/19]-[23] Jan 1483).  She succeeded her grandfather in 1445 as Lady Ferrers (of Groby).  She married secondly (before 2 May 1462) as his first wife, John Bourchier of Essex. 

Edward & his wife had children: 

1.         JOHN Grey of Groby ([1431/32]-killed in battle St Albans 17 Feb 1461)m as her first husband, ELIZABETH Wydeville, daughter of RICHARD Wydeville Earl Rivers & his wife Jacquette de Luxembourg (Grafton Regis [1437]-St Saviour’s Abbey, Bermondsey 8 Jun 1492, bur St George’s Chapel, Windsor)A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Queen Elizabeth" as daughter of "Richard Earl Rivers" and mother of "The Queen that now is" and of "Thomas Marquess of Dorset"[521]She married secondly (Manor of Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire 1 May 1464) Edward IV King of England. She was crowned Queen of England 26 May 1465 at Westminster Abbey.  Her second marriage was declared null and void 25 Jun 1483 by the Act of Parliament “Titulus Regius”, their children becoming illegitimate, but recognised as valid once more Oct 1485 by the first Parliament of King Henry VII.  John & his wife had children: 

a)         THOMAS Grey (-30 Aug 1501).  He succeeded his paternal grandmother as Lord Ferrers (of Groby).  He was created Earl of Huntingdon 1471.  He was created Marquess of Dorset 1475.  m firstly (Greenwich Oct 1466) ANNE de Holand, daughter of HENRY de Holand Duke of Exeter & his wife Anne of York (-[26 Aug 1467/6 Jun 1474]).  The Annales of William Wyrcester record the marriage in Oct 1466 “apud Grenewiche” of “Thomam Gray militem filium reginæ” and “dominam hæredem ducis Exoniæ neptem regis” to the great secret displeasure of “comitis Warrwici” who had previously arranged the marriage of “dictam dominam Annam” to “filium comitis Northumbriæ fratris dicti comitis Warrwici[522]m secondly (contract 18 Jul 1474) as her first husband, CECILY Bonville Baroness Harington and Baroness Bonville, daughter of WILLIAM Bonville Lord Harington & his wife Catherine Neville of Salisbury (-12 Apr 1530, bur Astley).  She married secondly as his second wife Henry Stafford Earl of Wiltshire.  Thomas & his second wife had children: 

i)          THOMAS Grey (22 Jun 1477-10 Oct 1530).  Marquess of Dorsetm (1509) as her second husband, MARGARET Wotton, widow of WILLIAM Medley, daughter of ROBERT Wotton of Boughton Malherbe, Kent & his wife Anne Belknap (-after 6 Oct 1535).  Thomas & his wife had children: 

(1)       HENRY Grey (17 Jan 1517-executed Tower Hill 23 Feb 1554, bur Royal Chapel of St Peter ad Vincula, Tower of London).  He succeeded his father in 1530 as Marquess of Dorset.  He was created Duke of Suffolk in 1551.  He was attainted for treason for his involvement in Wyatt’s rebellion against Queen Mary I and forfeited his titles and estates.  m firstly (before 1530, repudiated) KATHERINE FitzAlan, daughter of WILLIAM FitzAlan Earl of Arundel & his second wife Anne Percy of the Earls of Northumberland (-after 1552).  m secondly ([Suffolk Place, Southwark, London] Mar or early May 1533) as her first husband, FRANCES Brandon, daughter of CHARLES Brandon Duke of Suffolk & his wife Mary of England (Bishop’s Hatfield, Hertfordshire [or Westhorpe Hall, Suffolk] 16 Jul 1517-Charterhouse, Sheen, Surrey 21 Nov 1559, bur 5 Dec Westminster Abbey).  She married secondly (9 Mar 1554) as his first wife, Adrian Stokes

(2)       CATHERINE Grey, daughter of THOMAS Grey Marquess of Dorset & his second wife Margaret Wotton (-1 May 1542)m as his first wife, HENRY FitzAlan Earl of Arundel, son of WILLIAM FitzAlan Earl of Arundel & his second wife Anne Percy of the Earls of Northumberland (23 Apr 1512-Arundel House, Strand, London 24 Feb 1580, bur Arundel). 

2.         EDWARD Grey (-17 Jul 1492, bur Astley, Warwickshire)Lord Ferrers of Groby.  He was created Viscount Lisle 28 Jun 1483.  m firstly ELIZABETH Talbot Baroness Lisle of Kingston Lisle, daughter of JOHN Talbot Viscount Lisle & his wife Joan Chedder (1451-8 Sep 1487, bur Astley, Warwickshire).  m secondly as her third husband, JOAN, widow firstly of JOHN Treguran and secondly of ROBERT Drope, daughter of --- (-1500, after 8 Aug, bur St Michael’s Cornhill).  Edward & his first wife had four children: 

a)         JOHN Grey (Apr 1480-9 Sep 1504, bur Abingdon)Viscount Lislem as her first husband, MURIEL Howard, daughter of THOMAS Howard Earl of Surrey (later Duke of Norfolk) & his first wife Eizabeth Tylney (-Lambeth 14 Dec 1512, bur Lambeth).  She married secondly (before 9 Jul 1506) Thomas Knyvet of Buckenham, Norfolk.  John & his wife had one child: 

i)          ELIZABETH Grey ([25] Mar 1505-[31 Mar/12 May] 1519).  Baroness Lisle.  Betrothed (1513) to CHARLES Brandon, son of .  m (after Jun 1515) as his first wife, HENRY Courtenay Earl of Devon, son of WILLIAM de Courtenay Earl of Devon & his wife Katherine of York ([1498]-beheaded Tower Hill 9 Jan 1539). 

b)         ANNE Grey (-before 1523).  m (contract 2 Oct 1486) JOHN Willoughby of Wollaton, Northamptonshire, son of ---. 

c)         ELIZABETH Grey (-[1525/26], bur Jan 1538 Titchfield, Hampshire).  King Henry VIII granted “the manors of Fysshewyke and Eccleston, Lanc...” to “Arthur Plantagenet and Elizabeth his wife late the wife of Edmund Dudley” dated 13 Nov 1511[523].  Baroness Lisle 1519.  m firstly EDMUND Dudley, son of --- (-beheaded Tower Hill 18 Aug 1510).  m secondly (12 Nov 1511) as his first wife, ARTHUR Plantagenet, illegitimate son of EDWARD IV King of England & his mistress Elizabeth Lucy née Waite ([1461/64]-Tower of London 3 Mar 1542, bur [Tower of London]). 

d)         MARGARET Grey (-[8 Aug 1500/9 Sep 1504])m (settlement 3 Jul 1494) EDWARD Stafford Earl of Wiltshire, son of JOHN Stafford Earl of Wiltshire & his wife Constance Green (7 Apr 1470-Drayton, Northamptonshire 24 Mar 1499, bur Lowick, Northamptonshire).  . 

 

 

 

GREY (of ROTHERFIELD)

 

 

The successive references to properties in Oxfordshire, in particular Rotherfield and Cornwell, indicate that all the unconnected individuals in the early part of this section were members of the Grey family of Rotherfield.  No connection has been established between this family and Henry Grey of Greys Thurrock, Essex, who was ancestor of the other Grey families who are shown above. 

 

 

A.      ORIGINS

 

 

1.         ANSCHETIL [I] de Grey (-after 1086).  Blomefield says that John de Grey Bishop of Norwich “was descended from Anschitel de Grey, a Norman, who came in with the Conqueror, and had large possessions of his gift[524].  Domesday Book records that “Ansketil...de Graye” held “land which belongs to Salford” from the bishop of Bayeux, and Rotherfield Greys, Black Bourton, Radeford, South Newington, Brighthampton, and Cornwell from William FitzOsbern, all in Oxfordshire[525]

 

2.         RICHARD de Grey (-after 1109).  Blomefield says that Richard de Grey was the son of Anschetil [I] but does not cite the primary source on which he bases this information[526].  The chronology suggests that this parentage may be correct.  Henry I King of England confirmed the properties of Eynsham abbey, including the donation of “decimam de Dærneford et de Wideli et de Corneuuella” donated by “Ricardus de Graio” when he sent “unum filium suum in eodem monasterio”, by charter dated 25 Dec 1109[527].  None of the names in the 1129 Pipe Roll for Oxfordshire suggest a connection with the Grey family.  m ---.  The name of Richard’s wife is not known.  Richard & his wife had three or more children: 

a)         other sons .  The existence of two or more other sons is indicated by the charter dated 25 Dec 1109 quoted below. 

b)         --- de Grey .  Monk at Evesham.  Henry I King of England confirmed the properties of Eynsham abbey, including the donation of “decimam de Dærneford et de Wideli et de Corneuuella” donated by “Ricardus de Graio” when he sent “unum filium suum in eodem monasterio”, by charter dated 25 Dec 1109[528]

 

3.         ANSCHETIL [II] de Grey .  His name, as well as the chronology, suggests that Anschetil [II] could have been the grandson of Anschetil [I] de Grey.  “Anschetillus de Grai” donated land at “Stanlache quod vocatur Langehurst et aliud...Wdefordhurst..” to Eynsham, with the consent of “filius meus Johannes”, by charter dated to [1150/60], witnessed by “Manasses Arsic, Hugo de Chesnei...Albericus Arsic[529]m ---.  The name of Anschetil’s wife is not known.  Anschetil [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOHN de Grey .  “Anschetillus de Grai” donated land at “Stanlache quod vocatur Langehurst et aliud...Wdefordhurst..” to Eynsham, with the consent of “filius meus Johannes”, by charter dated to [1150/60][530]m ---.  The name of John’s wife is not known.  John & his wife had one child: 

i)          EVA de Grey (-before Jun 1246).  "Radulfus Murdac" donated his part "in molendino de Clifton" to Eynsham abbey, for the soul of "...Eue de Grai uxoris mee”, by charter dated 1192, witnessed by “...Simone Murdac...[531].  King John confirmed land "juris eis descendit ex parte Roberti Basset et…in Tenford et Purston" to "Andr de Bellocampo et Eve de Gray uxoris eius" by charter dated 25 Apr 1200[532].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Essex, dated 1219, which includes "Johannes filius Andree de Bello Campo debet...esse in custodia domini regis et Eva de Gray mater eius habet custodiam eius et terre sue de Asington per dominum Falk...et ipsa Eva est maritanda"[533]Exemptions were granted to "Hawise mother of W. archbishop of York" which the king had also granted to "Robert de Gray and his heirs for the land of Rutherefeld which the said archbishop had of the gift of Eve de Gray and gave to the said Robert" dated 9 Mar 1240[534].  Inquisitions (undated) following the death of "Eva de Gray" name "Beatrice Murdac late the wife of Robert Maudut, Alice the wife of Ralph Harang, Joan the wife of Ernald de Bosco and Julanus son of Jolland de Nevill and Maud his wife are her heirs"[535]m firstly (before 1192) RALPH Murdac, son of --- Murdac & his wife [--- de Chesney] (-[1194/30 Sep 1198]).  m secondly ANDREW de Beauchamp, son of --- de Beauchamp & his wife Matilda de Limesey (-after 1210).   

 

4.         THOMAS de Grey .  He is named as father of Alice in the charter dated to [1151/73] quoted below.  From a chronological point of view, Thomas could have been a younger son of Anschetil [II] de Grey.  m ---.  The name of Thomas’s wife is  not known.  Thomas & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALICE de Grey (-after Oct 1201).  “Stephanus de Pontsold et Aeliza uxor mea filia Thome de Grai” donated “ecclesiam de Cornwella” to Eynsham by undated charter, dated to [1151-73], witnessed by “Roberto archidiacono Oxenfordie...Waltero de Cornwella[536].  Salter notes that the abbot of Evesham quitclaimed Cornwell church to “Alice de Gray” in Autumn 1201[537]m STEPHEN de Pontsold, son of ---. 

 

 

[Three siblings], parents not known.  From a chronological point of view, they could have been children either of John or Thomas de Grey who are named above.  The reference in the document dated 9 Mar 1240, quoted below, to Eva de Grey granting property to Robert de Grey, son of Hawise, suggests that Eva held a position of seniority in the Grey family relative to Robert.  This could mean either (1) that Robert was her cousin, son of a younger brother of her father, or (2) that Robert’s mother Hawise was Eva’s younger sister.  The difficulty with case (2) is the absence of documentation which points to Eva and Hawise being co-heiresses of John de Gray.  Case (1) is therefore the more likely case.  Richard de Grey could not have been the father of these three children, as suggested by Blomefield: 

1.         --- de Grey .  The existence of this older son is suggested by Blomefield who names John de Grey Bishop of Norwich as “second son of Richard de Grey, son of the said Anschitel” but does not cite the primary source on which he bases this information[538]

2.         JOHN de Grey (-Saint-Jean d’Angély 18 Oct 1214, bur Norwich Cathedral).  Blomefield names John de Grey Bishop of Norwich as “second son of Richard de Grey, son of the said Anschitel”, but he does not cite the primary source on which he bases this information[539].  The chronology suggests at least one additional generation between Richard and John.  Bishop of Norwich 24 Sep 1200.  Blomefield says that he died “at St. John de Angelo near Poictiers Oct 18, 1214”, while travelling back to England from Rome, and was buried in Norwich cathedral[540].  “Hawisia de Grey vidua” donated “ecclesiam de Cornewell” to Oseney abbey, for the souls of “Johannis de Grey fratris mei quondam Norwicensis Episcopi”, with the consent of “Dni. Roberti de Grey filii et heredis mei”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Dno. Waltero de Grey, Wygorniensi Episcopo filio meo[541]

3.         [HAWISE [de Grey] (-after 9 Mar 1240).  Hawisia de Grey vidua” donated “ecclesiam de Cornewell” to Oseney abbey, for the souls of “Johannis de Grey fratris mei quondam Norwicensis Episcopi”, with the consent of “Dni. Roberti de Grey filii et heredis mei”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Dno. Waltero de Grey, Wygorniensi Episcopo filio meo” [which indicates dating to [19 Oct 1214/Feb 16][542].  The word “fratris” in this document suggests that Hawise was the sister of John de Grey Bishop of Norwich.  If it were not for this charter, her transmission of the name Grey to her children would suggest that this name derived from her husband.  It is not unknown for noble mothers to transmit their own family name to their children, presumably in cases where their families were considered of nobler birth than their husbands’.  However, nor is it unknown for “frater” to be used in medieval documentation in the sense of brother-in-law, although such usage was infrequent[543].  It is therefore uncertain whether it was Hawise or her husband who was the sibling of John Bishop of Norwich.  The Patent Rolls include an order in favour of “Hawisie matri…W. Eboracensis archiepiscopi” dated 9 Nov 1231[544].  Exemptions were granted to "Hawise mother of W. archbishop of York" which the king had also granted to "Robert de Gray and his heirs for the land of Rutherefeld which the said archbishop had of the gift of Eve de Gray and gave to the said Robert" dated 9 Mar 1240[545]m --- (-before [19 Oct 1214/Feb 16]).]  Two children: 

a)         WALTER de Grey (-1 May 1255).  Bishop of Worcester 20 Jan 1214.  Hawisia de Grey vidua” donated “ecclesiam de Cornewell” to Oseney abbey, for the souls of “Johannis de Grey fratris mei quondam Norwicensis Episcopi”, with the consent of “Dni. Roberti de Grey filii et heredis mei”, by undated charter, dated to [19 Oct 1214/Feb 16], witnessed by “Dno. Waltero de Grey, Wygorniensi Episcopo filio meo[546]Archbishop of York 19 Feb 1216. 

b)         ROBERT de Grey of Rotherfield, Oxfordshire ([before 1195]-before 1 May 1246).  Hawisia de Grey vidua” donated “ecclesiam de Cornewell” to Oseney abbey, for the souls of “Johannis de Grey fratris mei quondam Norwicensis Episcopi”, with the consent of “Dni. Roberti de Grey filii et heredis mei”, by undated charter, dated to [19 Oct 1214/Feb 16][547].  Robert’s giving consent in this charter indicates that he was of age, and therefore probably not born much later than [1195].  Exemptions were granted to "Hawise mother of W. archbishop of York" which the king had also granted to "Robert de Gray and his heirs for the land of Rutherefeld which the said archbishop had of the gift of Eve de Gray and gave to the said Robert" dated 9 Mar 1240[548]m BEATRIX de Saint-Luce, daughter of WILLIAM de Saint-Luce & his wife Avice de Sculcoates.  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire, names "Aviciam" as daughter of “Benedictus de Sculcottes”, adding that she married “Willelmus de Seynt Luce” by whom she had “Beatricem” who married “Robertus de Gray[549]Robert & his wife had children: 

i)          WALTER de Grey of Rotherfield (-before 8 Jun 1267).  The Chronicle of Meaux names "Walterum" as the son of “Robertus de Gray” and his wife[550]m ISABEL de Duston, daughter of WILLIAM de Duston of Duston, Northamptonshire & his wife --- (-after before 6 Dec 1304).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 19 Apr "55 Hen III", after the death of "William de Duston alias de Dustune", record that Ditton in Kent was given to “William de Duston, grandfather of Isabel de Grey, in free marriage...until it should come to the 4th degree”, noting that “the said William...had 3 daughters his heirs who were under age when their father died...Walter sometime archbishop of York...afterwards had the wardship of the heirs, married them and assigned to each her share of the inheritance” and that “Isabel the eldest daughter...married Walter de Grey [and] is in seisin of two parts...[551].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 6 Dec "33 Edw I", after the death of "Isabel de Grey ", name “John de Grey her nepos aged 30 is her next heir[552]Walter & his wife had one child: 

(1)       ROBERT de Grey (-before 27 May 1295).  The Chronicle of Meaux names “Robertum” as son of "Walterum", son of “Robertus de Gray” and his wife[553].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 27 May "23 Edw I", after the death of "Robert de Grey, alias de Gray, Le Gray", name “John his son aged 23 and more [...his first born son aged 28 and more] is his next heir[554]m (before 1273) JOAN de Valoignes, daughter of THOMAS de Valoignes & his wife --- (-before 6 Sep 1312).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 6 Sep "6 Edw II", after the death of "Joan de Grey ", name “the heir of John de Grey of Retherfeld who is under age...Robert de Grey sometime her husband” and “John, son of John de Grey aged 11 and in the king’s wardship is next heir of Robert and Joan”, record “Schobyngton [Buckinghamshire] [which] descended to the said Joan after the death of Thomas de Valoignes her father” and, in respect of land at Ikeford and East Claydon granted by “Robert de Laventon parson of the church of Estcleydon...to Joan de Grey for life, with remainders to Margaret her daughter for life...remainder to Thomas de Grey son of the said Joan”, a claim by “John de Rocheford and Joan his wife”, noting that Margaret and Thomas had predeceased their mother, in a later passage naming “Margaret their daughter late the wife of John le Fiz Bernard and Joan daughter of the said John and Margaret[555]Robert & his wife had three children: 

(a)       JOHN de Grey ([1273/74]-before 6 Sep 1312)Inquisitions following a writ dated 27 May "23 Edw I", after the death of "Robert de Grey, alias de Gray, Le Gray", name “John his son aged 23 and more [...his first born son aged 28 and more] is his next heir[556]

-         see below

(b)       THOMAS de Grey (-before 1312).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 6 Sep "6 Edw II", after the death of "Joan de Grey ", record land at Ikeford and East Claydon granted by “Robert de Laventon parson of the church of Estcleydon...to Joan de Grey for life, with remainders to Margaret her daughter for life...remainder to Thomas de Grey son of the said Joan”, claimed by “John de Rocheford and Joan his wife”, noting that Margaret and Thomas had predeceased their mother[557]

(c)       JOAN de Grey (Rotherfield [20] Jul 1386-20 Nov 1408)m (before 17 Feb 1401) JOHN Deincourt Lord Deincourt, son of WILLIAM Deincourt Lord Deincourt & his wife Alice Neville (Middleham, Yorkshire 28 Feb 1382-11 May 1406). 

(d)       MARGARET de Grey (-before 1312).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 6 Sep "6 Edw II", after the death of "Joan de Grey ", record land at Ikeford and East Claydon granted by “Robert de Laventon parson of the church of Estcleydon...to Joan de Grey for life, with remainders to Margaret her daughter for life”, claimed by “John de Rocheford and Joan his wife”, noting that Margaret had predeceased her mother, in a later passage naming “Margaret their daughter late the wife of John le Fiz Bernard and Joan daughter of the said John and Margaret[558]m JOHN FitzBernard, son of ---. 

 

 

 

B.      LORDS GREY (of Rotherfield)

 

 

JOHN de Grey of Rotherfield, son of ROBERT de Grey of Rotherfield & his wife Joan --- ([1273/74]-before 6 Sep 1312)Inquisitions following a writ dated 27 May "23 Edw I", after the death of "Robert de Grey, alias de Gray, Le Gray", name “John his son aged 23 and more [...his first born son aged 28 and more] is his next heir[559].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 6 Dec "33 Edw I", after the death of "Isabel de Grey ", name “John de Grey her nepos aged 30 is her next heir[560]

m MARGARET de Oddingeseles, daughter of WILLIAM de Oddingeseles of Solihull and Maxstoke, Warwickshire & his wife Ela ---. 

John & his wife had children: 

1.         JOHN de Grey of Rotherfield (-Rotherfield 1 Sep 1359).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 6 Sep "6 Edw II", after the death of "Joan de Grey ", name “the heir of John de Grey of Retherfeld who is under age...Robert de Grey sometime her husband” and “John, son of John de Grey aged 11 and in the king’s wardship is next heir of Robert and Joan[561].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1338 whereby he is held to have become Lord Grey (of Rotherfield).  m firstly CATHERINE FitzAlan, daughter of BRIAN FitzAlan Lord FitzAlan & his second wife Maud ---.  m secondly AVICE Marmion, daughter of JOHN Marmion Lord Marmion & his wife --- (-20 Mar 1379).  John & his first wife had children: 

a)         JOHN de Grey (-4 Jun 1375)Lord Grey (of Rotherfield).  m MAUD, daughter of ---.  The Complete Peerage states that she was “possibly da. of Bartholomew de Burghersh the elder Lord Burghersh[562]John & his wife had children: 

i)          BARTHOLOMEW de Grey ([1351]-12 Nov 1375).  Lord Grey (of Rotherfield).  m PHILIPPA, daughter of ---. 

ii)         ROBERT de Grey (-12 or 14 Jan 1388).  Lord Grey (of Rotherfield).  m firstly JOAN, daughter of ---.  m secondly as her second husband, ELIZABETH de la Plaunche, widow of JOHN de Bermingham, daughter of WILLIAM de la Plainche of Haversham, Buckinghamshire & his wife Elizabeth Hillary (-1423).  She married thirdly (before 24 Oct 1388) John de Clinton, Lord Clinton.  She married fourthly (after Sep 1398) John Russell.  Robert & his first wife had one child: 

(1)       JOAN de Grey (Rotherfield [30] Jul 1386-20 Nov 1408)m (before 17 Feb 1401) JOHN Deincourt Lord Deincourt, son of WILLIAM Deincourt Lord Deincourt & his wife Alice Neville (Middleham, Yorkshire 28 Feb 1382-11 May 1406). 

iii)        MAUD de Grey m JOHN Botetourt, son of JOHN Botetourt Lord Botetourt & his second wife Joyce Zouche (-1369). 

b)         MAUD de Grey m as his first wife, JOHN Botetourt Lord Botetourt, son of THOMAS Botetourt & his wife Joan de Somery ([1317/18]-1385, bur Halesowen). 

 

 

 

GREYSTOKE

 

 

The Greystoke family was studied in the early 20th century by Wilson[563].  In particular, Wilson dismisses various theories about alternative origins of Forne, who is named below, and earlier reputed holders of the barony of Greystoke[564]

 

 

A.      ORIGINS

 

 

1.         SIGULF .  He is named as father of Forne in the charters cited below.  Farrer says that “nothing whatever is known” about Sigulf, but speculates that he was “the son of an unnamed sochman of the East Riding contemporary with the Domesday Survey” (no source cited)[565]m ---.  The name of Sigulf’s wife is not known.  Sigulf & his wife had one child: 

a)         FORNE (-[25 Dec 1128/29 Sep 1130]).  “...F[orne] son of Sigulf" witnessed the charter dated Feb [1108-14] under which King Henry I confirmed privileges to York St Peter[566].  Wilson records that King Henry I granted “the barony of Greystoke” to Forne “when he took into his own hand the lordship of the land of Carlisle after the departure of Ranulf Meschin...about 1120[567]: the primary source which records this grant has not been found.  King Henry I confirmed their possessions of lands held 16 May 1119 to “W[alter] Espec, For [son of Sigulf] and O[dard] the sheriff" by charter dated [1121, Mar?][568].  “...Fornone filio Sigulfi” witnessed the charter dated to [1120/29] under which Henry I King of England confirmed “in feodo et hereditate terram suam de Fangefosse et de Thorpe et de Meltemebia et de Geveldala” to “Willelmo filio Ulfi” (see below)[569].  Henry I King of England confirmed “terram de Torentona que est de feodo Robert Malet” [Thornton-le-Moor] to “Fornoni filio Sigulfi” by charter dated to [1114/23][570].  King Henry I notified “Walter Espec and Eustace fitz John, Forne [son of Sigulf] and the sheriff...of Yorkshire" of his grant of land in “Nomintona” [Nunnington] to York St Mary by charter dated [Dec 25?] 1128[571].  An undated charter, in the reign of King Stephen “unoquoque anno”,  records donations to Hexham, among which land donated by “Forno, et Ivo filius eius[572].  King Henry II confirmed donations to Carlisle priory, including the donation of “terræ in Staintone, quas Ivo filius Forni et Agnes uxor eius, et Walterus pater eius...dederunt” made by "Rannulphi filii Walteri” by charter dated 4 Mar [no year][573].  Forne died before the 1129/30 Pipe Roll in which his son is named (see below).  m ---.  The name of Forne’s wife is not known.  Forne & his wife had two children: 

i)          IVO (-before 1156).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Ivo fil Forn" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[574]

-         see below.   

ii)         EDITH (-after [1145/56]).  Symeon of Durham names "Rodberto filio Edæ et Henrici regis notho"[575]The Complete Peerage identifies her as the probable daughter of Forn Sigurdson Lord of Greystoke, Cumberland, wife of Robert de Oilly[576].  The suggestion is presumably based on the undated charter under which “Robertus Henrici regis filius” donated property to Oseney Abbey, Oxfordshire, with the consent of "Henrici de Oleio fratris mei[577].  However, “Editha, Roberto de Oilly conjugali copula juncta” donated property to Thame Abbey, for the souls of “Henrici et Gilberti filiorum meorum”, by undated charter witnessed by “Fulco de Oilly, Fulco Luval, Henrico filio Roberti filii Aumari[578].  If Edith, wife of Robert de Oilly, was the same person as the mother of King Henry´s son Robert, it is unclear why she would not have named Robert in this charter.  An undated manuscript records that “Robertus de Oili filius Nigelli de Oili et Editha uxor” built "ecclesiam beatæ Mariæ in insula Oseneye” in 1129[579].  "Robertus de Oilio" donated property to Eynsham abbey by charter dated to [1130/35], witnessed by "Roberto filio Reg[is] et Edida uxore mea et Fulcone fratre meo…"[580].  “R. de Oileo” founded Oseney Abbey, Oxfordshire, with the consent of “Editha uxore mea et filiis meis Henrico et Gilleberto”, by undated charter[581].  “Edit uxor Roberti de Oyli et heredes mei” donated property “in Hugat et...terre...versus Wetewanghe” to York St Peter, for the souls of “patris at matris mee et Roberti de Oyli domini mei”, by charter dated to [1145/56][582].  [Mistress ([before 1101]) of HENRY I King of England, son of WILLIAM I "the Conqueror" King of England & his wife Mathilde de Flandre (Selby, Yorkshire Sep 1068-Château de Lyon-la-Forêt, near Rouen 1 Dec 1135, bur Reading Abbey, Berkshire).]  m ROBERT [II] de Oilly of Hook Norton, constable of Oxford Castle, son of NIGEL [III] de Oilly of Hook Norton, Oxfordshire & his wife Agnes --- (-1142).  . 

 

 

IVO, son of FORNE of Greystoke & his wife --- (-before 1156).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Ivo fil Forn" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[583].  An undated charter, in the reign of King Stephen “unoquoque anno”,  records donations to Hexham, among which land donated by “Forno, et Ivo filius eius[584].  Henry I King of England confirmed “totam terram patris sui quam tenuit de me in capite” to “Ivonis filio Fornonis” by charter dated to [1129/33][585].  King Henry II confirmed donations to Carlisle priory, including the donation of “terræ in Staintone, quas Ivo filius Forni et Agnes uxor eius, et Walterus pater eius...dederunt” made by "Rannulphi filii Walteri” by charter dated 4 Mar [no year][586].  Farrer records his death before 1156 when his nephew Henry de Oilly was pardoned payments in Yorkshire “apparently in respect of the Greystoke fee” and in Coniscliffe, Durham[587]

m AGNES, daughter of ---.  King Henry II confirmed donations to Carlisle priory, including the donation of “terræ in Staintone, quas Ivo filius Forni et Agnes uxor eius, et Walterus pater eius...dederunt” made by "Rannulphi filii Walteri” by charter dated 4 Mar [no year][588]

Ivo & his wife had five children: 

1.         WALTER (-before [1164/65]).  King Henry II confirmed donations to Carlisle priory, including the donation of “terræ in Staintone, quas Ivo filius Forni et Agnes uxor eius, et Walterus pater eius...dederunt” made by "Rannulphi filii Walteri” by charter dated 4 Mar [no year][589].  His son’s 1164/65 Pipe Roll entry cited below suggests that he had succeeded his father.  m BEATRICE, daughter of ---.  “Beatrix uxor quondam Walteri filii Ivonis” confirmed the donation of land “in Folketunia” [Folkton] made to Rievaulx by “filii mei Rannulfi”, undated[590].  The confirmation by Beatrice suggests that she had a direct interest in the land donated.  Farrer suggests the possibility that Beatrice was “a kinswoman of Scolland lord of Bedale”, noting her husband’s connection with Mickleton (he does explain his argument further), while suggesting an alternative possibility that Mickleton was brought to [Beatrice’s son] Ralph by “an unrecorded wife...who may have brought these lands to him in marriage[591]Walter & his wife had one child: 

a)         RALPH (-[1190]).  “Rand fil Walti” was assessed for a payment in the 1164/65 Pipe Roll in Northumberland[592].  “Rannulfus filius Walteri” confirmed land “in territorio Folktuniæ, quam tenuerunt de Waltero patre meo” [Folkton] to Rievaulx, undated[593].  “Comes Symon” [Simon de Senlis Earl of Huntingdon], with the consent of “A[elizæ uxoris meæ” [so dated to before 1184], confirmed donations to Rievaulx, including the donation of land “in Folchetun” [Folkton] made by “Rannulfus filius Walteri”, undated[594].  King Henry II confirmed donations to Carlisle priory, including the donation of “terræ in Staintone, quas Ivo filius Forni et Agnes uxor eius, et Walterus pater eius...dederunt” made by "Rannulphi filii Walteri” by charter dated 4 Mar [no year][595].  “Henricus filius Roberti filii Yvonis” made payments for rights in “quodam bosco versus Randulfum filium Walteri” in Cumberland in 1180/81[596].  “Henricus filius Roberti” claimed “recto de advocatione ecclesie de Wacra” from “Rannulfum filium Walteri” in 1184/85[597].  Farrer suggests that Ralph died “in about the year 1190” when a debt “for the scutage of Wales was recorded against him and repeated yearly until 1198, when William de Stutevill paid it[598]m as her first husband, AMABEL, daughter of --- (-after 1214).  Dodsworth named “Amabella” as Ralph’s wife[599].  Wilson records that this “agrees with the abstracts of St. George’s MS. quoted by Mr. Howard” which state that “Ranulf son of Walter received Conniscliffe in dowry with Amabel, and that he gave Mikelton in free marriage with Alice his daughter[600].  She married secondly Roger de Cowpen, son of Hugh de Cowpen (-1214).  “Rogerus filius Hugonis” donated pasture “de villa mea Standfordham” to Brinkburn by undated charter[601].  Amabel as “relict of Roger son of Hugh” made a fine in 1214 “not to be compelled to marry[602]Ralph & his wife had two children: 

i)          WILLIAM (-[1207/09]).  “William son of Ranulf” paid scutage for “land in Stainton” in 1203[603]

-         see below

ii)         ALICE .  The “abstracts of St. George’s MS. quoted by Mr. Howard” state that “Ranulf son of Walter received Conniscliffe in dowry with Amabel, and that he gave Mikelton in free marriage with Alice his daughter[604]m (before 1201) HENRY, son of HERVEY of Ravensworth & his wife ---.  .  King John confirmed “all the land towards the valley of Lune being of the grant and quit-claim of Robert de Rokeby and Agnes his wife...[and] land lying between Lonton and Crosthwaite...” to “Henry son of Hervey” in 1201[605]

2.         ROBERTm ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child:

a)         HENRY (-after 1184/85).  “Henricus filius Roberti filii Yvonis” made payments for rights in “quodam bosco versus Randulfum filium Walteri” in Cumberland in 1180/81[606].  “Henricus filius Roberti” claimed “recto de advocatione ecclesie de Wacra” from “Rannulfum filium Walteri” in 1184/85[607]

3.         ADAM .  He is named in his son’s record cited below.  m ---.  The name of Adam’s wife is not known.  Adam & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT (-after 1180/81).  “Robertus filius Ade filii Yvonis” made payments “pro recognitione de Hoton...versus Willelmum filium Willelmi filii Yvonis per plegium Radulfi filii Alani” in Cumberland in 1180/81[608]

4.         WILLIAM .  He is named in his son’s record cited below.  m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child:

a)         WILLIAM (-after 1180/81).  “Robertus filius Ade filii Yvonis” made payments “pro recognitione de Hoton...versus Willelmum filium Willelmi filii Yvonis per plegium Radulfi filii Alani” in Cumberland in 1180/81[609]

5.         ALICE .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1150/62] under which “Walterus filius Yvonis” confirmed the grant of property to “Edgaro filio Cospatrici comitis cum Aliz sorore mea” made by “pater meus Yvo et Agnes mater mea” for their marriage[610]m EDGAR, [illegitimate] son of GOSPATRICK & [his wife ---/mistress ---]. 

 

 

WILLIAM FitzRalph, son of RALPH FitzWalter & his wife Amabel --- (-[1207/09]).  Farrer suggests that William may have been in ward to William de Stuteville “for a few years before 1194, when he had acquittance of...scutage, having served in person with his knights in the army of Normandy”, noting that he was named in various scutages “down to 1200” and in 1202 and 1207[611].  “William son of Ranulf” paid scutage for “land in Stainton” in 1203[612].  He died in 1209 or before, as indicated by the fine recorded below under his wife. 

m (after 1201) as her third husband, HELWISE de Stuteville, widow firstly of WILLIAM [II] de Lancaster and secondly of HUGH de Morville, daughter of ROBERT [III] de Stuteville & his [first/second] wife [---/Helwise ---] ([after 1170?]-after [1226/28]).  Her birth date is estimated from her having had children by all three husbands, bearing in mind her third marriage after 1201.  If the estimate is correct, Helwise was probably born from her father’s supposed second marriage.  Follow the hyperlinks for records which indicate her parentage and confirm her first two marriages.  Her third marriage is confirmed by Robert de Vipont paying a fine in 1209 for the custody of the land and heirs of “William son of Ranulf” and for the marriage of Helwise de Stuteville his widow[613].  “Elewysa de Estuteuilla” set the boundaries of her land “in Herletona” [Ellerton, south of the Cottingwiths[614]] with York St Mary, with the consent of “Thome filii Willelmi”, undated[615].  Clay records documents dated 1219 and [1226/28] in which she was named[616]

William & his wife had children: 

1.         THOMAS FitzWilliam [de Greystoke] ([1203?]-1247).  Farrer indicates that Thomas “was in the last expedition of Poitou in the reign of John with Robert de Vieuxpont, his guardian”, dated to 1216 (no source cited), and in Nov 1222 was excused scutage for Poitou[617].  “Elewysa de Estuteuilla” set the boundaries of her land “in Herletona” [Ellerton, south of the Cottingwiths[618]] with York St Mary, with the consent of “Thome filii Willelmi”, undated[619].  An order dated [10 Oct] 1229 relates to a claim, by “Willelmus de Joneby” against “Thomam filium Willelmi” relating to common pasture “in Crestoc[620].  “Thomas son of William” was granted “a weekly market and a yearly fair at his manor Greystoke” in 1244[621].  “...Thoma filio Willelmi de Graistoc...” witnessed the undated charter under which “Robertus de Castelkairoc” donated “calcem in territorio de Castelkairoc” to Wetherhal[622].  He died in 1247 when his son did homage for his lands as noted below.  m (before 1219) CHRISTIANA de Vipont, daughter of ROBERT de Vipont & his wife ---.  The Testa de Nevill records that “Robert de Veteri Ponte has Thomas son of William son of Randolf and his land in ward” and that “to the same Thomas he married his daughter[623].  Farrer dates this holding to 1219[624].  Her family origin and marriage are indicated by inquisitions following a writ dated 28 Apr "17 Edw I", after the death of [her son] "William son of Thomas de Creystock...", which list Dufton in Westmoreland “held of his own inheritance of Lady Idonea de Leyburn, daughter and heir of Robert de Veteri Ponte[625]Thomas & his wife had three children: 

a)         ROBERT de Greystoke (-before 4 May 1264).  Robert de Greystoke did homage for his father’s lands in 1247[626].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 4 May "38 Hen III", after the death of "Robert son of Thomas de Craystock", record that "William, son of Thomas de Craystock, aged 30, brother of the said Robert, is his next heir" and lists his property in Yorkshire and Cumberland[627]m ELLEN, daughter of ---.  Ellen paid a fine in 1264 for freedom to marry as she pleased in 1264[628]

b)         WILLIAM de Greystoke ([1233/34]-before 28 Apr 1289).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 4 May "38 Hen III", after the death of "Robert son of Thomas de Craystock", record that "William, son of Thomas de Craystock, aged 30, brother of the said Robert, is his next heir" and lists his property in Yorkshire and Cumberland[629].  Robert de Greystoke did homage for his brother’s lands in 1264[630].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 28 Apr "17 Edw I", after the death of "William son of Thomas de Creystock...", name as his heir "John de Craistoc his son aged 25 and more...aged 25 at the feast of St Michael 16 Edw I...aged 24 or more" and lists his properties in Westmoreland, Cumberland, and in Northumberland “held of the king in chief, together with a moiety of the dower of Margeru de Merley in Ulcham, Great Benton, Killyngworth and Horseley, which is now in the hand of the said Margery[631]m as her second husband, ([1255/56]) as her second husband, MARGERY [Mary] de Merlay, widow of WALTER de Bolebec, daughter and co-heiress of ROGER [III] de Merlay Lorde of Morpeth & his wife Isabel --- ([1242]-after 6 May 1289).  An undated roll records “Maria et Johanna filiæ et hæredes Rogeri [tercii]”, noting that the former married “Thomas [error for Willelmus] baro de Graystok” by whom she had “Johannem de Graystok[632].  Her parentage and two marriages are confirmed by an undated document which records that “Maria, uxor Willelmi de Craystok” appointed “Willelmum virum suum” as proxy against “Hugonem de Bolebek de placito dotis” and another document which relates that “Willelmus de Greystok et Margeria uxor eius...” claimed land “in Dodington et Nesebyt”, granted to her as dower by “Walterus de Bolebek filius et heres prædicti Hugonis quondam vir prædictæ Margeriæ” with the consent of “prædicti Hugonis patris sui” and as agreed 6 Feb 1253 with “Rogerum de Merlay patrem prædictæ Margeriæ, cujus heres ipsa est”, from “Hugonem de Bolebek[633].  Wilson dates the claim to 1256[634].  Inquisitions dated early Feb "52 Hen III", after the death of "Alice de Merlay", record that "her sisters Mary the wife of Sir William de Greystoke, aged 26, and Isabel de Merlay, aged 12, are her heirs" and lists her property in Northumberland[635].  William de Greystoke did homage for these properties of his wife in 1268[636].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 28 Apr "17 Edw I", after the death of "William son of Thomas de Creystock...", lists his properties in Northumberland “held of the king in chief, together with a moiety of the dower of Margery de Merley in Ulcham, Great Benton, Killyngworth and Horseley, which is now in the hand of the said Margery[637]William & his wife had children: 

i)          JOHN de Greystoke ([29 Sep 1263]-[18/29] Sep 1306).  An undated roll records “Maria et Johanna filiæ et hæredes Rogeri [tercii]”, noting that the former married “Thomas [error for Willelmus] baro de Graystok” by whom she had “Johannem de Graystok[638].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 28 Apr "17 Edw I", after the death of "William son of Thomas de Creystock...", name as his heir "John de Craistoc his son aged 25 and more...aged 25 at the feast of St Michael 16 Edw I...aged 24 or more"[639].  “Johannes de Graistok” confirmed the grant of rights to Newminster by “dominus Ranulphus de Merlay, antecessor meus et fundator...” by undated charter[640].  Inquisitions dated "after the octave of St. Michael, 34 Edw I", after the death of "John son of William de Craystok...", note a writ of certiorari dated 18 Sep 1306 granting the deceased licence to "enfeoff Ralph son of William of the manor and barony of Craystock" and other specified properties, recording property the deceased acquired with “William de Craystock his brother...remainder to Margaret de la Wale [alias de la Vale] their sister” and noting that “the said William died without heir of his body[641]m ISABEL, daughter of ---. 

ii)         WILLIAM de Greystoke (-before 1306).  Inquisitions dated "after the octave of St. Michael, 34 Edw I", after the death of "John son of William de Craystok...", record property the deceased acquired with “William de Craystock his brother...remainder to Margaret de la Wale [alias de la Vale] their sister”, noting that “the said William died without heir of his body[642]

iii)        MARGARET de Greystoke (-after 1306).  Inquisitions dated "after the octave of St. Michael, 34 Edw I", after the death of "John son of William de Craystok...", record property the deceased acquired with “William de Craystock his brother...remainder to Margaret de la Wale [alias de la Vale] their sister[643]m --- “de la Vale” [Laval?], son of ---. 

c)         JOAN de Greystoke (-after 1272).  Wilson records the Greystoke barony passing to “the son of Joan de Greystoke, wife of William fits Ralf lord of Grimthorp” but does not record her parentage [see the 1306 inquisition after the death of John de Greystoke, below][644].  The Complete Peerage records her parentage (no source cited)[645].  “Willelmus filius Radi de Grimthorp et Johanna uxor eius” made a fine dated 1272[646]m WILLIAM FitzRalph, son of RALPH FitzWilliam & his wife --- (-after 1272). 

 

 

 

B.      LORDS GREYSTOKE

 

 

RALPH de Greystoke, son of ROBERT FitzRalph & his wife Elizabeth --- (15 Aug 1299-Gateshead 14 Jul 1323, bur Newminster).  An inquisition “die Veneris prox. ante festum Pentecostes anno regni regis Edwardi decimo” records the death of “dominus Robertus filius Radulphi” naming “Radulphus filius ipsius Roberti...ætatis XIX annorum ad festum Assumpcionis Beatæ Mariæ prox. futurum” as his heir[647].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1322 whereby he is held to have become Lord Greystoke.  An undated roll records the circumstances of the death “apud Gatesheued” of “Radulphus” and his burial at Newminster[648]

m (1317) as her first husband, ALICE de Audley, daughter of HUGH de Audley & his wife Isolda de Rous (-13 Jan 1375, bur Durham Cathedral Church).  A mid-15th century manuscript records that "Radulfum de Neuille" married "Alesia, filia Hugonis de Audeley"[649].  “Michael de la Pole miles, dominus de Wingfeild” founded Kingston-upon-Hull priory, for the souls of “…Radulphi de Nevill patris et Alesiæ matris…Johannis [de Nevill domini de Raby] et Matildæ quondam uxoris eiusdem Johannis”, by charter dated 18 Feb 1378[650].  She married secondly (1327) Ralph Neville of Raby Lord Neville

Ralph & his wife had children: 

1.         WILLIAM de Greystoke (Grimthorpe 6 Jan 1321-Brancepeth 10 Jul 1359).  An undated roll names “Willelmus” as son and heir of “Radulphus[651]Lord Greystokem firstly (repudiated) LUCY de Lucy, daughter of ANTHONY de Lucy of Cockermouth, Cumberland, Lord Lucy & his wife --- (-bur Neasham Priory).  An undated roll records that “Willelmus filius...Radulphi” married firstly “Luciam filiam domini de Lucy” whom he repudiated, died (“spreta et mortua”) and was buried “apud Nesham[652]m secondly ([Oct 1351]) as her first husband, JOAN, daughter of HENRY FitzHenry of Ravensworth & his wife Joan de Fourneux (-Clerkenwell 1 Sep 1403, bur Clerkenwell).  An undated roll records that “Willelmus filius...Radulphi” married secondly “Johannam filiam Henrici Fitz Hugh domini de Rauenswath”, on the advice of “Alesiæ dominæ de Neuill matris eius”, by whom he had “Radulphum, Willelmum, Robertum et Alesiam...uxor Roberti de Haryngton’[653].  She married secondly (pardon for marrying without royal licence 29 Apr 1366) Anthony de Lucy of Cockermouth, Cumberland, Lord Lucy.  An undated roll records that “Johanna” married “Antonio domino de Lucy, qui infra breve obiit in Terra Sancta[654].  She married thirdly ([11 Jun] 1378) Matthew Redman.  An undated roll records that “circa festum Sancti Barnabæ Apostoli anno regni Regis Edwardi III LI...dominam Joannam” married “Matthæus de Redman miles”, noting their properties[655]William & his second wife had four children:

a)         RALPH de Greystoke (Kirkby Ravensworth, Yorkshire 18 Oct 1353-6 Apr 1418).  An undated roll records that “Willelmus filius...Radulphi” married secondly “Johannam filiam Henrici Fitz Hugh domini de Rauenswath”, by whom he had “Radulphum, Willelmum, Robertum et Alesiam...uxor Roberti de Haryngton’[656]Lord Greystokem KATHERINE de Clifford, daughter of ROGER de Clifford Lord Clifford & his wife Matilda de Beauchamp (-23 Apr 1413).  An undated roll records that “Willelmo Radulpho filius” married “Katerinæ filiæ domini Rogeri de Clyfford[657].  The obituary of Newminster records the death “IX Kal Mai” of “domina Catherina baronissa de Graystok[658].  A manuscript narrating donations to Newminster records the death “IX Kal Mai” 1413 of “domina Catherina baronissa de Graystok[659]Ralph & his wife had children: 

i)          JOHN de Greystoke ([1388/89]-8 Aug 1436)Lord Greystoke.  The will of "John Lord Greystock", dated 10 Jul 1434, chose burial “in the Collegiate church of Greystock”, bequeathed property to “Ralph my son and heir...Elizabeth my wife...my other sons Thomas, Richard and William...[660].  A manuscript narrating donations to Newminster records the death “VI Id Aug” 1436 of “dominus Johannes baro de Graystok” and his donation[661]m (contract 28 Oct 1407) ELIZABETH Ferrers, daughter of ROBERT Ferrers of Willisham & his wife Joan Beaufort ([1393]-after 10 Jul 1434, bur York Church of the Black Friars).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Joan, wife firstly of Ferrers Baron of Ousley, and secondly of Ralph Earl of Westmoreland" as daughter of "John Duke of Lancaster" and mother (by her first husband) of "Baroness of Greystoke" (together with two generations of her descendants) and (by her second husband of "Cecily Duchess of York"[662].  Lady of Wem.  The will of "John Lord Greystock", dated 10 Jul 1434, bequeathed property to “Ralph my son and heir...Elizabeth my wife...my other sons Thomas, Richard and William...[663].  A manuscript narrating donations to Newminster records the death in 1434 of “domina Elizabetha baronissa de Grastoke” and her burial “in ecclesia fratrum prædicatorum Eboraci[664]

-         LORDS GREYSTOKE[665]

b)         WILLIAM de Greystoke .  An undated roll records that “Willelmus filius...Radulphi” married secondly “Johannam filiam Henrici Fitz Hugh domini de Rauenswath”, by whom he had “Radulphum, Willelmum, Robertum et Alesiam...uxor Roberti de Haryngton’[666]

c)         ROBERT de Greystoke .  An undated roll records that “Willelmus filius...Radulphi” married secondly “Johannam filiam Henrici Fitz Hugh domini de Rauenswath”, by whom he had “Radulphum, Willelmum, Robertum et Alesiam...uxor Roberti de Haryngton’[667]

d)         ALICE de Greystoke .  An undated roll records that “Willelmus filius...Radulphi” married secondly “Johannam filiam Henrici Fitz Hugh domini de Rauenswath”, by whom he had “Radulphum, Willelmum, Robertum et Alesiam...uxor Roberti de Haryngton’[668]m ROBERT de Harrington, son of ---. 

 

 

 

HASTINGS

 

 

The Hastings family has been studied in detail by Andrew Lancaster[669].  Readers are referred to his research for more information about the family and further discussion about sources, particularly those cited in more recent articles which have not been consulted during the preparation of the present chapter. 

 

 

A.      ORIGINS

 

 

1.         RALPH de Hastings (-after 1086).  Domesday Book records “Ardleigh” in Essex held by “Roger de Rames”, in which manor “Ralph de Hastings holds 30 acres[670]

 

2.         ROBERT FitzRalph de Hastings (-after 1086).  “Appropriations of the King[‘s land] in Essex” in Domesday Book includes “in Colchester...a certain church of St. Peter...of the king’s alms” of which “Robert fitzRalph of Hastings claims 3 parts and Eudo the steward holds the fourth[671].  It is not known whether Robert’s father was Ralph de Hastings who is named above. 

 

3.         ROBERT de Hastings .  Domesday Book records Rye “land of the Church of Fecamp, in Guestling Hundred” in Essex, held by “the Abbot of Fecamp”, in which manor “Robert de Hastings” heled land of the abbot[672]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Hastings (-after 1131).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills fil Robti de Hasting" in Sussex in respect of "de Lestagio de Hasting et de Ria"[673].  The reference to his father suggests that William may only recently have inherited the property.  m JULIANA, daughter of JOHN FitzWaleran & his wife ---.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Juliana uxor Willi de Hasting" in Essex "de veti aux militu de fedo Waleri Avi sui"[674]

 

 

Two brothers, parents unknown.  Their names, especially Theoderic, suggest Flemish origin.  If that is correct, this family may have been unrelated to the other Hastings families in Domesday shown above, whose names are more typically Norman.  Andrew Lancaster on his website discusses possible connections between Theoderic and the Valognes family[675]

 

1.         THEODERIC (-[before 1086]).  Domesday Book records that “Walter” held “2 hides of the land of Theodoric his brother” in Bowers, Barstable Hundred, in Essex[676].  Domesday Book records “Midden [Two Hundreds of Babergh]...which Leofwine of Bacton a thegn of King Edward held” in Suffolk held by “Walter”, adding that “it belongs to the fief of Theodoric his brother”, and in Suffolk “1 free man over whom Theodoric the predecessor of Barthetona had half the commendation and Guthmund the predecessor of Hugh de Montfort had the other half” held by “William” who also held land “in Dagworth [Hundred of Stow]...Theodoric the predecessor of Walter the Deacon[677].  It is not known whether “Theodoric the predecessor” was the same person as Theoderic, brother of Walter, although this appears likely.  The wording of these paragraphs suggests that Walter had inherited the lands in question from his recently deceased older brother. 

2.         WALTER “the Deacon” (-after 1108).  Domesday Book records land held by “Walter the Deacon” in Bowers, Purleigh, Easton, Colne, Wix, Bromley and Chesterford, in Essex[678] and land in Suffolk[679].  A charter of King Henry II records that "Walteri Mascherelli et Alexandri fratris eius et Edithæ sororis suæ et Walteri decani patris eorum" founded Wykes nunnery, witnessed by "domini sui Willielmi filii R."[680].  Dugdale dates this foundation to "the reign of Henry the First"[681].  The presence as witness of Walter’s grandson, William son of his deceased son Robert, suggests that Walter had resigned his lands in his favour due presumably to infirmity.  Clark cites a charter of King Henry I confirming the foundation which was witnessed by “Richard [de Belmis] Bishop of London” [bishop 1108-Jan 1128], which helps to narrow the dating of the document[682].  No source has been found which enables a more precise assessment of the date of Walter’s death beyond “after 1108”, although the documentation appears to suggest that he may have survived well into King Henry I’s reign.  [m firstly ---.  William FitzRobert, son of Walter’s deceased son Robert, consented to the foundation of Wykes nunnery in the charter quoted below but was not listed among the nunnery’s founders.  This could suggest that Robert was born from a different mother from Walter’s younger children.]  m [secondly] ---.  The name of Walter’s wife is not known.  Walter’s son’s Scottish name Alexander may provide an indication of a northern connection through his mother.  Walter & his [first/second] wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT [de Hastings/de Windsor] (-before [1128]).  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which [his son] “William the son of Robert” confirmed to the church of Wikes St Mary the donation made by “Walter Mascherel and Alexander his brother avunculi mei” (undated)[683].  It is further confirmed by the lawsuit in 1199, against his grandson Ralph de Hastings, which names Robert as brother of Alexander (see below)[684].  Henry I King of England confirmed the grant of land of which his father was seised to "Robert son of Walter of Windsor" and that he granted the same land to "William son of the said Robert", by charter dated 25 Dec [1128][685].  An Inspeximus dated 2 Mar 1270 quotes the charter under which Henry I King of England granted the lands of “Robertus filius Walteri de Wyndesora...patris sui” to “Willelmo filio predicti Roberti” (the charter referred to above), the charter under which King Henry II reconfirmed the grant, the charter of King Richard I which confirmed to “Henrico de Cornhell, Aliciam filiam et heredem Roberti de Hasting...uxorem [suam]”, and “confirmation of the same in favour of Matthew de Loveyne cousin and heir of the said William, Henry and Alice and his heirs[686].  The date of the original grant indicates that “Robertus” must be identified as the son of Walter “the Deacon”, but the reference to the latter as “de Wyndesora” is difficult to explain.  m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Keats-Rohan indicates that he married the daughter of Walter FitzOther de Windsor[687].  However, this assumes that Walter and his wife were parents of Ralph de Hastings (died [1160/63]), the grandson of Walter FitzOther whose father’s identity is uncertain as shown below.  Robert & his wife had [four] children: 

i)          WILLIAM FitzRobert [de Hastings] (-[1162]).  Henry I King of England confirmed the grant of land of which his father was seised to "Robert son of Walter of Windsor" and that he granted the same land to "William son of the said Robert", by charter dated 25 Dec [1128][688]

-         see below

ii)         [RICHARD de Hastings .  His parentage is indicated by Keats-Rohan[689].] 

iii)        [ALICE de Hastings .  Her parentage is indicated by Keats-Rohan[690].] 

iv)       [EMMA de Hastings .  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by Keats-Rohan[691]m WALTER de Excestre, son of ---.] 

Walter & his [second] wife had [four] children: 

b)         WALTER Mascherell .  A charter of King Henry II records that "Walteri Mascherelli et Alexandri fratris eius et Edithæ sororis suæ et Walteri decani patris eorum" founded Wykes nunnery, witnessed by "domini sui Willielmi filii R."[692].  Clark records that [his nephew] “William the son of Robert” confirmed to the church of Wikes St Mary the donation made by “Walter Mascherel and Alexander his brother avunculi mei” (undated)[693].  Dugdale dates this foundation to "the reign of Henry the First"[694].  [m ERMENGARDE, daughter of --- (-after [1165]).  The Liber Niger Scaccarii records “Honor Boloniæ” in Essex, in which “Ermegard Malkrell” held 2 knights’ fees of which “in Essex Colun et Legre...et Bilcho et Horsheia in Hundredo de Tendringe”, dated to [1165][695].  Clark suggests that Ermengarde was probably the widow of Walter Mascherell[696].  Morant records that “Walter Makerell and Ermegard his wife” donated “the manor of Bircho in Kirby, Essex” to St Osyth abbey (undated)[697].]  Clark provides details of this couple’s supposed descendants, linking with Hugh de Hastings ancestor of the Hastings Earls of Pembroke (see below)[698].  This descent seems difficult to sustain from a chronological point of view. 

c)         ALEXANDER [de Waham] .  A charter of King Henry II records that "Walteri Mascherelli et Alexandri fratris eius et Edithæ sororis suæ et Walteri decani patris eorum" founded Wykes nunnery, witnessed by "domini sui Willielmi filii R."[699].  Dugdale dates this foundation to "the reign of Henry the First"[700].  Clark records that [his nephew] “William the son of Robert” confirmed to the church of Wikes St Mary the donation made by “Walter Mascherel and Alexander his brother avunculi mei” (undated)[701].  Clark indicates that Alexander “having no issue by Ælia his wife” granted lands he had acquired in “Wikes et de Wenberge et Corneshere et Focheslande et...de Horishelle...in Hundredo de Tendring” Essex to [his great-nephew] “Ralph son of William son of Robert”, in return from payment from “William son of Robert the father of Ralph” (undated)[702].  This assessment appears contradicted by the source quoted below which names Alexander’s son William.  [m AELIA, daughter of ---.  Clark indicates that Alexander “having no issue by Ælia his wife” granted lands he had acquired in “Wikes et de Wenberge et Corneshere et Focheslande et...de Horishelle...in Hundredo de Tendring” Essex to [his great-nephew] “Ralph son of William son of Robert”, in return from payment from “William son of Robert the father of Ralph” (undated)[703].  It is not clear from Clark’s summary of this document whether it names Alexander’s wife.  If it does, she could have been the person named in the following document: the charter of King Henry II which records the foundation of Wykes nunnery by "Walteri Mascherelli et Alexandri fratris eius et Edithæ sororis suæ et Walteri decani patris eorum" also records that part of the property used was the dower of "Aelia uxor Alexandri de Waham"[704].  This is the only part of the charter in which Alexander is described as “de Waham” so, without the indication provided by Clark, it would not be certain that he was the same person as the co-founder of the nunnery.]   Alexander & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM .  His parentage is confirmed by a lawsuit in 1199 in which “Sewall de Oseuill” claimed half the knight’s fee “in Wikes” against “Rad de Hasting”, which notes that after the death of Alexander “Will fil eius” held the property from “Will fil Rob[705]Presumably he died childless soon after his father. 

d)         EDITH .  A charter of King Henry II records that "Walteri Mascherelli et Alexandri fratris eius et Edithæ sororis suæ et Walteri decani patris eorum" founded Wykes nunnery, witnessed by "domini sui Willielmi filii R."[706].  Dugdale dates this foundation to "the reign of Henry the First"[707].  Andrew Lancaster discusses sources[708] which indicate that Edith may have married Maurice de Windsor, son of [Walter FitzOther of Windsor & his wife Beatrice ---] (-after 25 May 1130), who is recorded in another source with a wife named “Edgidia”. 

e)         [daughter .  No confirmation has been found that this was the same person as the daughter named Edith above.  Her marriage is indicated by a lawsuit in 1199 in which [her descendant] “Sewall de Oseuill” claimed half the knight’s fee “in Wikes” against “Rad de Hasting” by right of ancestry, noting that “Rob de Hasting” had granted the land to “Alex fratrem suum” who, after the death of Robert, held it from “Willelmo filio predicti Roberti”, while “soror Alex” was “ava predicti Alex Sewall”, the defendant replying that the property was inherited by “fratrem primogenitum...filiam” who married “Rad de Cornhill[709]m --- de Oseville, son of ---.] 

 

 

WILLIAM de Hastings, son of ROBERT FitzWalter [de Hastings/de Windsor] & his wife --- (-[1162]).  Henry I King of England confirmed the grant of land of which his father was seised to "Robert son of Walter of Windsor" and that he granted the same land to "William son of the said Robert", by charter dated 25 Dec [1128][710].  An Inspeximus dated 2 Mar 1270 quotes the charter under which Henry I King of England granted the lands of “Robertus filius Walteri de Wyndesora...patris sui” to “Willelmo filio predicti Roberti” (the charter referred to above), the charter under which King Henry II reconfirmed the grant, the charter of King Richard I which confirmed to “Henrico de Cornhell, Aliciam filiam et heredem Roberti de Hasting...uxorem [suam]”, and “confirmation of the same in favour of Matthew de Loveyne cousin and heir of the said William, Henry and Alice and his heirs[711].  Clark records that “William the son of Robert” confirmed to the church of Wikes St Mary the donation made by “Walter Mascherel and Alexander his brother avunculi mei” (undated)[712]

m as her first husband, HELWISE de Guerres, daughter of --- (-after 1219).  Her family origin and three marriages are stated in Domesday Descendants, which does not cite the corresponding primary sources[713].  She married secondly (after [1162]) Gilbert de Pinkeney, and thirdly ([1178/81]) William FitzRobert.  The Liber Niger Scaccarii records “Baronia Roberti de Hasting” in Essex, in which “Walterus de Windro” held 1 knight’s fee “in Suineland”; “Radulfus de Hasting” 1 knight’s fee in “Wikes in Essex”, and “Willelmus filius Roberti” 4 knights’ fees “in Godemaneston in Dorsett et in Bromleg in Essex. Et super dominium ipsius Roberti in Eiston in Essex...[et] in Bildeston in Sudf[714].  The last named was presumably the third husband of the widow of William de Hastings.  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Suffolk “Hundredum de Cosford”, dated 1219, which names "Domina Helewisa de Gwerres bis dotata...primo Willelmo de Pynkiny, secundo Willelmo filio Roberti et domina Matillis de Flamvilla" [Helwise’s daughter-in-law] holding "manerium de Bildeston...de baronia Godefridi de Luvein per hereditatem uxoris sue" [Helwise’s granddaughter][715]

William & his wife had five children: 

1.         ROBERT de Hastings (-before [1194/95]).  His parentage and ancestry are confirmed by an Inspeximus dated 2 Mar 1270 which quotes the charter under which Henry I King of England granted the lands of “Robertus filius Walteri de Wyndesora...patris sui” to “Willelmo filio predicti Roberti” (the charter referred to above), the charter under which King Henry II reconfirmed the grant, the charter of King Richard I which confirmed to “Henrico de Cornhell, Aliciam filiam et heredem Roberti de Hasting...uxorem [suam]”, and “confirmation of the same in favour of Matthew de Loveyne cousin and heir of the said William, Henry and Alice and his heirs[716].  The Liber Niger Scaccarii records “Baronia Roberti de Hasting” in Essex, in which “Walterus de Windro” held 1 knight’s fee “in Suineland”; “Radulfus de Hasting” 1 knight’s fee in “Wikes in Essex”, and “Willelmus filius Roberti” 4 knights’ fees “in Godemaneston in Dorsett et in Bromleg in Essex. Et super dominium ipsius Roberti in Eiston in Essex...[et] in Bildeston in Sudf[717]m MATILDA de Flamville, daughter of ROGER de Flamville & his wife Iveta de Arches (-after 1219).  "Hugo de Flamvill" confirmed donations to Old Malton "antequam sororem meam Matildem Flamvill Roberto de Hastinges in matrimonium dederam" by undated charter[718].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Hugo Flammanuilla" owing "x li. pro habenda custodia sororis sue cum terra sua que fuit uxor Roberti de Aistan" in Norfolk & Suffolk[719].  "Alanus de Flamville" paid a fine relating to a claim "inter Elyam patrem predicti Alani cujus heres ipse est" and "Hug de Flamvill cujus heredes Matill de Flamville et Agn soror eius sunt", dated 1214[720].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Suffolk “Hundredum de Cosford”, dated 1219, which names "Domina Helewisa de Gwerres bis dotata...primo Willelmo de Pynkiny, secundo Willelmo filio Roberti et domina Matillis de Flamvilla" holding "manerium de Bildeston...de baronia Godefridi de Luvein per hereditatem uxoris sue" [Matilda’s daughter][721]Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALICE de Hastings .  A lawsuit in 1199 confirmed that “Rad de Hasting...fratrem primogenitum...filiam” married “Rad de Cornhill[722].  An Inspeximus dated 2 Mar 1270 quotes the charter under which Henry I King of England granted the lands of “Robertus filius Walteri de Wyndesora...patris sui” to “Willelmo filio predicti Roberti” (the charter referred to above), the charter under which King Henry II reconfirmed the grant, the charter of King Richard I which confirmed to “Henrico de Cornhell, Aliciam filiam et heredem Roberti de Hasting...uxorem [suam]”, and “confirmation of the same in favour of Matthew de Loveyne cousin and heir of the said William, Henry and Alice and his heirs[723]m firstly RALPH de Cornhill, son of --- (-1199).  m secondly (after 1199) GODEFROI de Louvain, son of GODEFROI VII Duke of Lower Lotharingia, Duke of Louvain, Comte de Brabant & his second wife Imagina van Looz (-[2 Jan 1225/16 Apr 1226]).

2.         RALPH de Hastings (-after 24 Apr 1189).  Clark indicates that Alexander “having no issue by Ælia his wife” granted lands he had acquired in “Wikes et de Wenberge et Corneshere et Focheslande et...de Horishelle...in Hundredo de Tendring” Essex to [his great-nephew] “Ralph son of William son of Robert”, in return from payment from “William son of Robert the father of Ralph” (undated)[724].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Radulfus de Hastinges" held one knight’s fee "in Wikes" in Essex from "Roberti de Hastinges"[725].  The Liber Niger Scaccarii records “Baronia Roberti de Hasting” in Essex, in which “Walterus de Windro” held 1 knight’s fee “in Suineland”; “Radulfus de Hasting” 1 knight’s fee in “Wikes in Essex”, and “Willelmus filius Roberti” 4 knights’ fees “in Godemaneston in Dorsett et in Bromleg in Essex. Et super dominium ipsius Roberti in Eiston in Essex...[et] in Bildeston in Sudf[726].  The Feet of Fines records the judgment dated 24 Apr 1189 in a claim by "Rad de Hastinges" against "Rad de Exon"[727]

3.         ALEXANDER de Hastings .  Domesday Descendants names “Robert of Hastings...Alexander and John” as the sons of William de Hastings and his wife[728]

4.         JOHN de Hastings (-after 1199).  Domesday Descendants names “Robert of Hastings...Alexander and John” as the sons of William de Hastings and his wife[729].  In a lawsuit in 1199, Ralph de Hastings named “Johannem fratrem suum” as his representative[730]

5.         BEATRICE de Hastings .  Her parentage and two marriages are shown in Domesday Descendants, which does not cite the relevant primary source[731]m firstly GILBERT Carbonel, son of ---.  m secondly WILLIAM de Goldingham, son of ---. 

 

 

The relationship, if any, between the following family and the preceding Hastings families has not been ascertained.  The common use of the names Ralph and William does suggest a connection.  As noted above, Clark suggests a link through Walter Mascherell[732], but this is difficult to sustain from a chronological point of view. 

 

1.         WILLIAM [I] de Hastings .  Dugdale’s Baronage records “William de Hastings, steward to King Henry the First”, an office he held “by Serjeantie, in respect of his Tenure of the Mannor of Ashele in Com. Norff.”, citing a charter in “the collection of Robert Glover Somerset Herald” (which presumably has since disappeared)[733].  Eyton also names William de Hastings as possible father of Hugh and Ralph, named below[734]m --- de Windsor, daughter of WALTER FitzOther de Windsor & his wife Beatrice ---.  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1155] under which Henry II King of England confirmed to "Ralph de Hastynges dapifero of the queen" the lands formerly belonging to Ralph steward of St Edmund’s and to "Maurice de Windsor maternal uncle of the said Ralph de Hastings" by charter dated to [1155][735]William [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUGH de Hastings (-1163 or before).  Dugdale’s Baronage names Hugh as son and heir of William de Hastings[736].  Eyton names Hugh as brother of Ralph de Hastings[737].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Hugo de Hasting" in Leicestershire after his marriage to "nepte Rob de Flamenvilla"[738].  Lord of Fillongley, Warwickshire.  m (before 1130) ERNEBURGA, daughter of --- [de Flamville] & his wife ---.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Hugo de Hasting" in Leicestershire after his marriage to "nepte Rob de Flamenvilla"[739].  Dugdale’s Baronage records Erneburga as daughter of “Hugh Flamenvill” but he cites no primary source on which this information is based[740].  The inspeximus dated 10 May 1398, quoted below under Richard son of her son William, records her donation of Barwell church to Polesworth convent.  As noted below, the wording of the extract could imply that Erneburga survived her son William.  Hugh & his wife had two children:

i)          WILLIAM [II] de Hastings (-1182 or before).  A charter of Henry II King of England confirmed to "William de Hastings" his paternal and maternal heritage, naming "William de Hastings grandfather, Hugh de Hastings father…Erneburga de Flamville mother"[741].  A charter of Henry II King of England dated to [1165/66] confirmed to "William de Hastyngs dispensatori" the "dapiferatum" of St Edmund’s which had belonged to "Ralph patruus"[742]

-         see below

ii)         THOMAS de Hastings .  The Chronicle of Jocelin of Brakelond records that 1 Apr 1182 "Thomas de Hastings" brought “Henry his nephew...not yet a knight” to Bury and for him “demanded the office of steward”, according to his hereditary right, which was not accepted[743].  "Henricus de Hastinges filius Willelmi de Hastinges" confirmed land at Odstone, Leicestershire to "Maheo de Charun filio Willelmi de Charun", by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "Thomas de Hastinges, Willelmo de Hastinges, Hogone de Nouilla, Ricardo de Hastinges…Gilleberto de Hastinges, Milone de Hastinges…Hugone de Hastinges…"[744].

b)         RALPH de Hastings (-[1160/63]).  Eyton names Hugh as brother of Ralph de Hastings[745].  The relationship also appears confirmed by the inheritance of the stewardship of Bury St. Edmund’s, after Ralph died, by Hugh’s descendants.  Henry II King of England confirmed to "Ralph de Hastynges dapifero of the queen" the lands formerly belonging to Ralph steward of St Edmund’s and to "Maurice de Windsor maternal uncle of the said Ralph de Hastings" by charter dated to [1155][746].  Steward of Bury St. Edmunds.  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Radulfus de Hastinges de Etone vi m iii milites" in Gloucestershire in [1160/61][747]m LESCELINE de Trailly, daughter of --- (-after 1163).  Her family origin and marriage are stated in Domesday Descendants, which does not cite the corresponding primary source[748]

 

 

WILLIAM [II] de Hastings, son of HUGH de Hastings & his wife Erneburga --- (-1182 or before).  [The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmo de Hastinges vi m" in Warwick in [1158/59][749].  This entry apparently relates to a different Hastings family[750].]  A charter of Henry II King of England confirmed to "William de Hastings" his paternal and maternal heritage, naming "William de Hastings grandfather, Hugh de Hastings father…Erneburga de Flamville mother"[751].  Steward of Bury St Edmund’s.  A charter of Henry II King of England dated to [1165/66] confirmed to "William de Hastyngs dispensatori" the "dapiferatum" of St Edmund’s which had belonged to "Ralph patruus"[752].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus de Hastinges" held one third of one knight’s fee from "Willelmi comitis Gloucestriæ" in Gloucestershire[753].  "…Willelmo de Hastingis…" subscribed the charter dated 1168 under which Henry II King of England confirmed the property "in manerio de Hinton" of "Roberto de Basoges" granted to him by "comes Conanus"[754].  Steward to Henry II King of England. 

m MATILDA, daughter of THURSTAN Banaster & his wife --- (-before 17 Jun 1222).  "William of Hastings" made a fine for "his relief of…land…in Aston, which Matilda Banaster, mother of the aforesaid William, held of the king in chief" in Shropshire, dated 17 Jun 1222[755]

William [II] & his wife had three children: 

1.         RICHARD de Hastings .  An inspeximus dated 10 May 1398 records a charter of King Henry II granting the church of Barwell, as donated by “Erenburg’, mother of William de Hasting’, with the assent of Richard his son”, to Polesworth convent[756].  This wording suggests that Richard was William’s oldest son, and maybe even implies that William had recently predeceased the grant.  same person as...?  RICHARD de Hastings .  "Henricus de Hastinges filius Willelmi de Hastinges" confirmed land at Odstone, Leicestershire to "Maheo de Charun filio Willelmi de Charun", by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "Thomas de Hastinges, Willelmo de Hastinges, Hogone de Nouilla, Ricardo de Hastinges…Gilleberto de Hastinges, Milone de Hastinges…Hugone de Hastinges…"[757]

2.         HENRY de Hastings ([1168]-1194).  The Chronicle of Jocelin of Brakelond records that 1 Apr 1182 "Thomas de Hastings" brought “Henry his nephew...not yet a knight” to Bury and for him “demanded the office of steward”, according to his hereditary right, which was not accepted[758].  "Henricus de Hastinges filius Willelmi de Hastinges" confirmed land at Odstone, Leicestershire to "Maheo de Charun filio Willelmi de Charun", by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "Thomas de Hastinges, Willelmo de Hastinges, Hogone de Nouilla, Ricardo de Hastinges…Gilleberto de Hastinges, Milone de Hastinges…Hugone de Hastinges…"[759].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Willelmus de Hastinges" owing "c m de relevio terre…Henrici fratris sui" in Norfolk & Suffolk[760]

3.         WILLIAM [III] de Hastings (-[Jan 1226]).  "Henricus de Hastinges filius Willelmi de Hastinges" confirmed land at Odstone, Leicestershire to "Maheo de Charun filio Willelmi de Charun", by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "Thomas de Hastinges, Willelmo de Hastinges, Hogone de Nouilla, Ricardo de Hastinges…Gilleberto de Hastinges, Milone de Hastinges…Hugone de Hastinges…"[761].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Willelmus de Hastinges" owing "c m de relevio terre…Henrici fratris sui" in Norfolk & Suffolk[762].  The Chronicle of Jocelin of Brakelond names "William de Hastings" among the knights of St Edmund in 1200[763].  "William of Hastings" made a fine for "his relief of…land…in Aston, which Matilda Banaster, mother of the aforesaid William, held of the king in chief" in Shropshire, dated 17 Jun 1222[764].  [King Henry III granted "custodia terre et heredis Willelmi de Hasting" to “...Isabelle que fuit uxor Osberti Giffard et Matildi sorori ipsius Osberti”, dated 1229[765].  This entry apparently relates to a different Hastings family[766].]  m MARGERY Bigod, daughter of ROGER Bigod Earl of Norfolk & his wife Ida ---.  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Comes Rogerus Bigot, Ida uxor eius, Henricus capellanus, Hugo, Willelmus, Rogerus, Johannes, Radulfus, G. G. dapifer, Basilia, Maria, Margareta, Ida pueri eius"[767].  She is named as wife of William de Hastings in Burke’s Dormant and Extinct Peerages[768].  This is presumably an extrapolation from Dugdale’s Baronage which records her parentage, but marriage with William [II] de Hastings (see above)[769], which appears incorrect from a chronological point of view.  The primary source which confirms this information has not been identified.  William [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)         HENRY de Hastings (-before 9 Aug 1250).  King Henry III granted rights relating to "priori et sacriste Sancti Edmundi" to “Henrico de Hasting senescallo domus sue” as previously held by “Willelmus pater suus”, dated 1229[770]

-        see below.  

b)         IDA de Hastings (-before 2 Mar 1289, bur London, Church of the Grey Friars).  The primary sources which confirm her parentage and two marriages have not been identified.  m firstly as his second wife, STEPHEN de Segrave, son of GILBERT de Segrave & his wife --- (-Leicester Abbey 1241).  m secondly HUGH Pecche, son of HAMO Pecche & his wife Eva ---. 

 

 

The relationships, if any, between the following Hastings individuals and the main Hastings families have not been ascertained. 

 

1.         --- de Hastingsm --- de Alvestan, daughter of ALAN FitzThorfin de Alvestan & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the undated charter under which her son "Thomas de Hastinges" confirmed donations to Whitby made by "Thorphinus de Alverstain et Alanus filius eius, avus meus"[771]One child. 

a)         THOMAS de Hastings .  "Thomas de Hastinges" confirmed donations to Whitby made by "Thorphinus de Alverstain et Alanus filius eius, avus meus" by undated charter witnessed by "…Philippo de Hasting…Henrico et Alano de Hasting…"[772]

 

2.         ROBERT de Hastings (-after 1176).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus de Hastinges" held one half of a knights fee in Sussex under the Earl of Arundel, and also record the knights’ fees held from "Roberti de Hastinges" in Essex[773].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Robertus de Hasting" in Essex and Hertfordshire[774]

 

3.         JOHN de Hastings (-after 1194).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Johannes de Hastinges" paying "l s, v milites" in Gloucestershire[775].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Johannes de Hastinges" being granted delay to pay "per brevia" in Berkshire[776]

 

4.         ROBERT de Hastings (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Roberto de Hastinges" paying "i s, ii milites et dimidium" in Essex, Herefordshire[777].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Robertus de Hastinges" paying "l s, ii milites et dimidium" in Essex, Hertfordshire[778]

 

5.         GILBERT de Hastings .  "Henricus de Hastinges filius Willelmi de Hastinges" confirmed land at Odstone, Leicestershire to "Maheo de Charun filio Willelmi de Charun", by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "Thomas de Hastinges, Willelmo de Hastinges, Hogone de Nouilla, Ricardo de Hastinges…Gilleberto de Hastinges, Milone de Hastinges…Hugone de Hastinges…"[779]same person as...?  GILBERT de Hastings (-[before 1212]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing the knights of Bury St. Edmund’s abbey in [1201/12], records "Gillebertus de Hastinges, i militem de eodem", and under Norfolk/Suffolk “Honor Lancastriæ”, “Gilbertus de Hastinges, i feodum in Torp” in [1211/12][780].  “Torp” was Thorpe-Morieux in Suffolk[781].  [m MARGERY, daughter of ---.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Margeria de Hastinges" holding one knight’s fee "in Torp" in Lancashire in [1210/12][782].  The connection with Thorpe-Morieux suggests that Margery may have been Gilbert’s widow.] 

 

6.         MILO de Hastings .  "Henricus de Hastinges filius Willelmi de Hastinges" confirmed land at Odstone, Leicestershire to "Maheo de Charun filio Willelmi de Charun", by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "Thomas de Hastinges, Willelmo de Hastinges, Hogone de Nouilla, Ricardo de Hastinges…Gilleberto de Hastinges, Milone de Hastinges…Hugone de Hastinges…"[783]

 

7.         HUGH de Hastings (-before 1202).  "Henricus de Hastinges filius Willelmi de Hastinges" confirmed land at Odstone, Leicestershire to "Maheo de Charun filio Willelmi de Charun", by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "Thomas de Hastinges, Willelmo de Hastinges, Hogone de Nouilla, Ricardo de Hastinges…Gilleberto de Hastinges, Milone de Hastinges…Hugone de Hastinges…"[784].  King John granted "custodia…terre et heredum Hugonis de Hasting…et maritagium Helene que fuit uxor ipsius Hugonis" to "Johannis Norwic episcopo" by charter dated 14 Jul 1204[785]m (1194) as her second husband, HELEN, widow of ALAN de Valoignes, daughter of --- (-after 14 Jul 1204).  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Hugo de Hastinges" owing in Yorkshire "pro habenda uxore que fuit Alani de Valeines"[786].  "Willelmus de Cantilupo" paid a fine for "pro Rogero de Cantilupo fratre nostro pro ux q fuit Hug de Hasting" and custody of her "iv filios et i filia…primogenit x ann", dated 1202[787].  King John granted "custodia…terre et heredum Hugonis de Hasting…et maritagium Helene que fuit uxor ipsius Hugonis" to "Johannis Norwic episcopo" by charter dated 14 Jul 1204[788]Hugh & his wife had five children: 

a)         children .  "Willelmus de Cantilupo" paid a fine for "pro Rogero de Cantilupo fratre nostro pro ux q fuit Hug de Hasting" and custody of her "iv filios et I filia…primogenit x ann", dated 1202[789].  The date of this document, and the date of Hugh de Hastings’s marriage as shown above, shows that one or more of these children must have been born from their mother’s first marriage. 

 

8.         DAVID de Hastings .  Henry III King of England granted letters of conduct to "David de Hasting" dated 30 Jan 1217[790]

 

 

HENRY de Hastings, of Ashil, Norfolk, son of WILLIAM [III] de Hastings & his wife Margery Bigod of Norfolk (-before 9 Aug 1250).  King Henry III granted "custodia terre et heredis Willelmi de Hasting" to “...Isabelle que fuit uxor Osberti Giffard et Matildi sorori ipsius Osberti”, dated 1229[791].  King Henry III granted rights relating to "priori et sacriste Sancti Edmundi" to “Henrico de Hasting senescallo domus sue” as previously held by “Willelmus pater suus”, dated 1229[792]

m (before 7 Jun 1237) ADA of Huntingdon, daughter of DAVID of Scotland Earl of Huntingdon & his wife Matilda [Matilda] of Chester (-after 1241).  The Annales Londonienses name "Margaretam, Isabellam, Matildam, et Aldam" as the four daughters of "comiti David", recording the marriage of "la tierce fille Davi" and "sire Henri de Hastinges"[793]

Henry & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         HENRY de Hastings (-before 5 Mar 1269).  The Annales Londonienses name "Henri" as son of "la tierce fille Davi" and "sire Henri de Hastinges"[794].  "Henricus de Hastinges" confirmed the donation of "villam meam de Flandres in Garviach" to Lindores Abbey, made by "comitis David avi mei", by undated charter[795].  A writ dated "53 Hen III", after the death of "Henry de Hastinges", names "John his son aged 6 on the day of St John ante Portam Latinam 52 Hen III, is his heir"[796]m JOAN de Cauntelo, daughter of WILLIAM [IV] de Cauntelo of Calne, Wiltshire and Aston Cantlow, Warwickshire & his wife Eva de Briouse (-before Jun 1271).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Georgius" who died childless and "Johanna nupta Henrico de Hastings et Milisannt de Monte-alto…uxor Ivonis de la Zouch" as the children of "Willielmo de Cantilupo" and his wife[797]Henry & his wife had three children: 

a)         JOHN Hastings (Allesley, Warwickshire 6 May 1262-10 Feb 1313).  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the birth "apud Alesle die S Johannis-ante-Portam-Latinam" 6 May [1262] of "Johannem" son of "Johanna uxor Henrici de Hasting"[798].  He was summoned to parliament 24 Jun 1295, whereby he is held to have become Lord Hastings

-        see below, LORDS HASTINGS

b)         EDMUND Hastings of Inchmahome (-killed in battle Bannockburn 1314).  He was summoned to parliament 29 Dec 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord Hastings[799]m ([1293]) as her second husband, ISABEL Russell, widow of WILLIAM Comyn, daughter of JOHN Russell & his wife Isabel Ctss of Menteith (-1306 or after). 

c)         AUDA Hastings .  Pope Martin IV granted dispensation for the marriage of “Rhys Mareduc” and “Auda de Hastings...they being related in the third and fourth degrees of kindred, and their respective progenitors R. and A. desiring the match as a means of making up their quarrels”, dated 10 Dec 1283[800]m (Papal dispensation 10 Dec 1283, 1285) RHYS ap Maredudd, son of MAREDUDD ap Rhys of Dinefwr & his wife --- (1292).   

2.         MARGERY de Hastings

3.         HILARIA de Hastings .  A manuscript relating to Ranton Priory, Staffordshire records that “Willielmo de Harecourt” married “Illariam quæ fuit soror domini Henrici de Hastingges” after the death of his first wife[801]m ([before early 1256]) as his second wife, WILLIAM [II] de Harcourt, son of RICHARD [I] de Harcourt & his wife Orabilis de Quincy (-[1270/19 Apr 1271]). 

4.         [MATILDA de Hastings (-London [1264/65], bur Sainte-Marie ---).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Matildis de Hastinges" as the first wife of "dominus Gilbertus Pecche", adding that she died in London and was buried "in ecclesia canonicorum beate Marie ultra aquam" as burial in England was not possible because of "perturbacionem que tunc erat" (suggesting her death in [1264/65][802].  The source does not name her parents.  The Complete Peerage suggests that she was one of the three (unnamed) unmarried daughters of Henry de Hastings who are mentioned as living on Henry’s death in 1250[803]m as his first wife, GILBERT Pecche, son of HAMO Pecche & his wife Eva --- (-25 May 1291).] 

 

 

 

B.      LORDS HASTINGS

 

 

JOHN Hastings, son of Sir HENRY de Hastings & his wife Joan de Cauntelo (Allesley, Warwickshire 6 May 1262-10 Feb 1313).  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the birth "apud Alesle die S Johannis-ante-Portam-Latinam" 6 May [1262] of "Johannem" son of "Johanna uxor Henrici de Hasting"[804].  The Annales Londonienses name "Johan" as son of "Henri", son of "la tierce fille Davi" and "sire Henri de Hastinges"[805].  A writ dated "53 Hen III", after the death of "Henry de Hastinges", names "John his son aged 6 on the day of St John ante Portam Latinam 52 Hen III, is his heir"[806].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 4 Nov "1 Edw I" after the death of "George de Cantilupo" name “Milisanda the wife of Eudo la Zuche of full age and John son of Henry and Joan de Hastinges who is under age an in the king’s wardship are his next heirs...the said Milisanda and Joan being sisters of the said George[807].  He was claimant to the throne of Scotland in 1291, 10th in order on the Great Roll of Scotland.  He was summoned to parliament 24 Jun 1295, whereby he is held to have become Lord Hastings

m firstly (Papal dispensation 15 Jun 1275, [Braxted, Essex or Blunham, Bedfordshire][808]) ISABELLE de Valence, daughter of GUILLAUME de Valence [Lusignan] Lord of Pembroke & his wife Joan de Munchensy (-5 Oct 1305, bur Coventry Priory).  Pope Gregory X granted dispensation for the marriage of “Henry de Hastinges...[his son] John” and “William de Valentia earl of Pembroke...[his daughter] Isabella”, dated 15 Jul 1275[809]

m secondly (after Oct 1305) as her first husband, ISABEL le Despencer, daughter of HUGH le Despencer Earl of Winchester & his wife Isabel de Beauchamp of Warwick (-4/5 Dec 1334).  She married secondly (before 20 Nov 1318) as his second wife, Ralph de Monthermer.  King Edward II pardoned “Radulphus de Montehermerii” for marrying “Isabellam quæ fuit uxor Johannis de Hastinges defuncti” without royal consent by charter dated 12 Aug 1319[810]

John & his first wife had four children:

1.         WILLIAM (4 Oct 1282-before 1 Mar 1311).  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the birth "die S Francisci" 4 Oct [1282] of "Johanni de Hastinge filius suus primogenitus…Willelmum"[811]Betrothed (contract Ghent 30 Sep 1297) ELEANOR Martin, daughter of WILLIAM Martin of Kemes, Pembrokeshire and Blagdon Somerset, Lord Martin & his wife Eleanor de Mohun née FitzPiers. 

2.         JOHN (29 Sep 1286-20 Jan 1325).  He succeeded his father in 1313 as Lord Hastingsm as her first husband, JULIANE de Leybourne, daughter of THOMAS de Leybourne of Leybourne and Newington, Kent & his wife Alice de Tosny (-[31 Oct/2 Nov] 1367, bur Canterbury Cathedral).  She married secondly Thomas le Blount of Tibberton, Gloucestershire, and thirdly (before 17 Oct 1328) William de Clinton, later Earl of Huntingdon.  John & his wife had one child: 

a)         LAURENCE (Allesley, Warwickshire 20 Mar 1320-Abergavenny 30 Aug 1348, bur Abergavenny).  He succeeded his father in 1325 as Lord Hastings, and was confirmed as Earl of Pembroke 13 Feb 1339. 

-        EARLS of PEMBROKE

3.         ELIZABETH m ROGER de Grey Lord Grey of Ruthin, son of JOHN de Grey of Ruthin, Denbighshire Lord Grey of Wilton & his wife --- (-6 Mar 1353). 

4.         JOAN (-1307).  m as his first wife, WILLIAM de Huntingfield, son of --- (-1313). 

John & his second wife had three children: 

5.         THOMAS (-11 Jan 1333). 

6.         HUGH ([1310]-29/30 Jul 1347, bur Elsing, Norfolk)m (before 18 May 1330) MARGERY Foliot, daughter of RICHARD Foliot of Gressenhall and Weasenham, Norfolk & his wife Joan de Breuse ([1312/13]-8 Aug 1349, bur Doncaster, Church of the Friars Minor).  Ancestors of LORDS HASTINGS. 

7.         MARGARET (-7 Jul 1359).  m firstly (contract Ghent 30 Sep 1297) WILLIAM Martin, son of WILLIAM Martin of Kemes, Pembrokeshire and Blagdon Somerset, Lord Martin & his wife Eleanor de Mohun née FitzPiers (-before 4 Apr 1326).  He succeeded his father in 1324 as Lord Martin.  m secondly (before 4 Apr 1326) ROBERT de Wateville, son of ---. 

 

 

 

HOLAND

 

 

A.      ORIGINS

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

 

1.         HENRY de Holland (-after 1212).  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Henricus de Holand" holding land in Lancashire[812]

 

 

ROBERT de Holand, son of --- (-1230). 

m CICELY Columbers, daughter of ---. 

Robert & his wife had one child: 

1.         THURSTAN de Holand (-1275).  m --- Kellet, daughter of ---.  Thurstan & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Holand (-after 1302).  A claim by “Rogerum de Hegham” against “Robertum de Holaund...Ricardum de Holaund...” and many other named parties, relating to land in Hale, Lancashire, records that property was granted to “Thurstano de Holaund pater ipsius Roberti cujus heres ipse est”, undated[813].  The document does not explain the relationship with Richard de Holand.  m ELIZABETH de Samlesbury, daughter of WILLIAM de Samlesbury [Blackburn, Lancashire] & his wife Avina --- (-after 5 Mar 1311).  The Complete Peerage names “Elizabeth da. and coh. of William de Samlesbury” as wife of Robert de Holand but does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[814].  A document dated 3 Nov 1257 records the settlement of a claim by “Avina de Samelesbyri” against “Robert de Hampton and Margery his wife” relating to “a mill and...land...in Brihtmede”, under which Avina received the mill for life, reverting to “Robert and Margery, Cecilia and Elyzabeth younger sisters of Margery as heirs of the said Avina[815].  records that Breightmet in 1302 was held by “Robert de Holland and John Deuias, the respective husbands of Elizabeth and Cecily[816].  Inquisitions held 5 Mar "4 Edw II", after the death of "Henry de Lacy Earl of Lincoln", record in Lancashire "Samlesbery...land held by Lady Cicely de Euyas and Lady Elizabeth de Holand"[817]Robert & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          ROBERT de Holand of Upholland, Lancashire ([1270]-7 Oct 1328, bur [Preston, Lancs, Grey Friars Church])He was created Lord Holland 29 Jul 1314. 

-         see below, LORDS HOLAND

ii)         [JANE de Holandm firstly EDMUND Talbot of Bashall, son of ---.  m secondly HUGH Dutton of Dutton, Cheshire, son of ---.] 

 

 

 

B.      LORDS HOLAND

 

 

ROBERT de Holand of Upholland, Lancashire, son of ROBERT de Holand & his wife Elizabeth de Samlesbury ([1270]-7 Oct 1328, bur [Preston, Lancs, Grey Friars Church]).  He was created Lord Holand 29 Jul 1314.   

m ([1311]) MATILDA la Zouche, daughter and co-heiress of ALAN la Zouche of Ashby, Leicestershire, Lord Zouche & his wife Eleanor de Segrave ([1289/90]-31 May 1349, bur Brackley).  The Book of Lacock names “Elam, Matildam, Elizabetham, Rogerum de la Souche” as children of “Alanus de la Souch” and his wife[818].  An inquisition held 24 Apr "7 Edw II", after the death of "Alan la Zousche alias la Zuche, la Souche", names "Ellen […the wife of Nicholas de Sancto Mauro] and Maud […the wife of Robert de Holand] his daughters are his next heirs and Maud the younger is aged 24…both aged 26 and more…and a younger daughter Elizabeth aged 20 who has taken the garb of the nuns at Brewode"[819].  A writ dated 23 May "5 Edw III", following the death of "Emelina Longespe or de Lungespe", names "Robert de Holond and Maud his wife” and “the said Maud aged 40 years is her next heir”, while a second writ dated 3 Jan “6 Edw III” and inquisitions dated 9 Mar “7 Edw III” state that Emmeline died “on Whitsunday 5 Edward III” and that “Maud sometime the wife of Robert de Houlond...and Helen her sister both aged 40 years and more are next heirs of the said Emelina[820]

Robert & his wife had six children:

1.         ROBERT de Holand (1312-Hawes, Brackley 16 Mar 1373, bur Brackley, St James's Chapel).  He succeeded his father in 1328 as Lord Holandm ELIZABETH, daughter of ---.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Holand (-Mar 1373 or before).  m ([1355]) JOAN [Alice], daughter of ---.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

i)          MATILDA de Holand (1356-7 May 1423).  She succeeded her grandfather in 1373 as Baroness Holand, suo iurem ([1372]) JOHN Lord Lovel, son of JOHN Lovel, Lord Lovel & his wife Isabel la Zouche of Haringworth ([1354]-Wardour 10 Sep 1408, bur [Brackley, Northants, Church of St John's Hospital). 

2.         THOMAS de Holand of Broughton, Buckinghamshire (1314-in Normandy 26 or 28 Dec 1360, bur Stamford, Church of the Grey Friars).  He was summoned to a Council 1354 as Lord Holand.  He succeeded as Earl of Kent, de iure uxoris

-        EARLS of KENT

3.         MARGARET de Holand (-20/22 Aug 1349).  m (before 1326) JOHN La Warre, son of JOHN La Warre Lord La Warre & his wife Joan de Grelley (-before 24 Jun 1331). 

4.         ALAN de Holand .  He owned the manors of Dalbury and Wecksworth, Derbyshire. 

5.         OTHO de Holand (-[1360/61]). 

6.         MARY de Holandm JOHN Tempest of Bracewell, Yorkshire, son of ---. 

 

 

 

 

 



[1] CP IV 118 footnote b. 

[2] Loyd (1951), p. 2. 

[3] RHGF, Tome XXIII, Scripta de Feodis ad Regem Spectantibus, IX, 146, p. 640. 

[4] Domesday Translation, Derbyshire, VIII, p. 750, Nottinghamshire, X, pp. 773-4, Yorkshire, XX, p. 841, Lincolnshire, XXXI, pp. 935-6. 

[5] Bevan, R. (ed.) Corrections to K. S. B. Keats-Rohan's Domesday People, p. 357, available at <http://fmg.ac/Projects/Domesday/People.htm> (3 Jun 2012). 

[6] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary, V, p. 549.   

[7] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary, V, p. 549.   

[8] Keats-Rohan, K. 'Domesday People Revisited', Foundations, Vol. 4 (May 2012), p. 5, citing Sharpe, R. 'King Harold’s Daughter', Haskins Society Journal 19 (2007), pp. 1-27 [not yet consulted]. 

[9] Bevan Corrections to K. S. B. Keats-Rohan's Domesday People, p. 357. 

[10] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Lincolnshire, p. 120. 

[11] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Thurgarton Priory, Nottinghamshire, I, p. 191. 

[12] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Thurgarton Priory, Nottinghamshire, I, p. 191. 

[13] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, pp. 32, 39. 

[14] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 380. 

[15] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 414. 

[16] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 59. 

[17] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 75. 

[18] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 380. 

[19] Bevan Corrections to K. S. B. Keats-Rohan's Domesday People, p. 357 

[20] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli II, Lincolnscire, p. 10. 

[21] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli II, Lincolnscire, p. 10. 

[22] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli II, Lincolnscire, p. 10. 

[23] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 61. 

[24] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, pp. 84, 91, 106. 

[25] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Thurgarton Priory, Nottinghamshire, XII, p. 192. 

[26] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 171. 

[27] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, p. 492. 

[28] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, p. 524. 

[29] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, p. 565. 

[30] Foster (1920), Appendix: Additions to Vol. 1, pp. 295-306, Case 283, File 17:3 Henry III.

[31] Foster (1920), Appendix: Additions to Vol. 1, pp. 295-306, Case 283, File 17:3 Henry III.

[32] RHGF, Tome XXIII, Scripta de Feodis ad Regem Spectantibus, IX, 146, p. 640. 

[33] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 503, p. 391. 

[34] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 503, p. 391. 

[35] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 182. 

[36] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, p. 593. 

[37] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, p. 524. 

[38] Ragg ‘De Lancaster’ (1910), Art. XXI, Charter III, p. 431. 

[39] Ragg ‘De Lancaster’ (1910), Charter VI, p. 434. 

[40] Percy Chartulary, III, p. 4. 

[41] Percy Chartulary, III, p. 4. 

[42] FitzHerbert ‘Tailbois and Neville’, p. 108. 

[43] Domesday Translation, Oxfordshire, LVIII, p. 441. 

[44] Domesday Translation, Huntingdonshire, XXVI, p. 560. 

[45] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 333. 

[46] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Northamptonshire, p. 82. 

[47] Peterborough Chronicle, Appendix, Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo, pp. 169-70. 

[48] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Northamptonshire, p. 82. 

[49] Peterborough Chronicle, Appendix, Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo, pp. 169-70. 

[50] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 333. 

[51] Peterborough Chronicle, Appendix, Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo, pp. 169-70. 

[52] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonshire, p. 13. 

[53] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonshire, p. 13. 

[54] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Northamptonshire, p. 85. 

[55] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 333. 

[56] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 333. 

[57] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 48. 

[58] CP VII 676, footnote i, and chart p. 677. 

[59] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, p. 8. 

[60] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[61] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[62] Domesday Descendants, pp. 400, 553. 

[63] Foster (1920), Appendix V: Additional Concords.

[64] Round ‘The FitzWilliams’ (Jan 1905), p. 113, citing Pipe Roll Society, Vol. XXVII (1906) Pipe Roll 24 H. II, p. 65. 

[65] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. I, 1522, p. 208. 

[66] Domesday Translation, Huntingdonshire, XXIX, p. 561. 

[67] Domesday Translation, Lincolnshire, XLVII, p. 945. 

[68] Wetherhal, p. 186, footnote 101, 1, and p. 193, table in footnote.  I am grateful to Brian Westrupp for drawing my attention to the sources which have enabled me to expand this section. 

[69] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 198. 

[70] Wetherhal, p. 187, footnote 101, 2. 

[71] Wetherhal, 101, p. 186. 

[72] Wetherhal, 152, p. 254. 

[73] St Bees, 32, p. 60. 

[74] Guido ‘Gospatric, Lord of Workington’ (2005), pp. 397-8. 

[75] St Bees, 32, p. 60. 

[76] Wetherhal, p. 186, footnote 101, 1, citing “Regist. Lanercost, MS. ii.15”. 

[77] CP IX, table following p. 398, citing Lanercost Chartulary "penes the Dean and Chapter of Carlisle", pp. 12, 26, and 30 [not yet consulted]. 

[78] Wetherhal, 101, p. 186. 

[79] St Bees, 32, p. 60. 

[80] Peterborough Chronicle, Appendix, Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo, pp. 169-70. 

[81] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CCCIX, p. 386, quoting P.R.O. Curia Regis Roll (K.B. 26/88, m 3d, extract). 

[82] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonshire, pp. 13-14. 

[83] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 86, p. 76. 

[84] Peterborough Chronicle, Appendix, Liber niger monasterii S. Petri de Burgo, pp. 169-70. 

[85] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonshire, pp. 13-14. 

[86] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, I, p. 449.   

[87] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[88] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[89] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, I, p. 449.   

[90] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[91] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[92] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 195. 

[93] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 131. 

[94] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[95] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 195. 

[96] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CCCIX, p. 386, quoting P.R.O. Curia Regis Roll (K.B. 26/88, m 3d, extract). 

[97] Ramsey, Vol. III, DLII, p. 51. 

[98] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[99] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[100] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[101] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[102] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.    

[103] Ramsey, Vol. III, DLII, p. 51. 

[104] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[105] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 90, p. 64. 

[106] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[107] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 90, p. 64. 

[108] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[109] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[110] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, III, p. 451.   

[111] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[112] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[113] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[114] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[115] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[116] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[117] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[118] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[119] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[120] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Lanthony Abbey, Gloucestershire, II, Fundatorum progenies, p. 135. 

[121] Dugdale Monasticon V, Forde Abbey, Devonshire I, p. 381. 

[122] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[123] Testamenta Vetusta, Vol. I, p. 66. 

[124] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[125] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[126] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[127] Leland’s Itinerary, Vol. V, Part XI, p. 172. 

[128] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Colne Priory, Essex, X, p. 101.   

[129] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonsire, Duo Hundreda de Suttone, p. 15. 

[130] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli VIII, Essex, p. 41. 

[131] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Thickhed Nunnery, Yorkshire, I, p. 385. 

[132] Testa de Nevill, Part I, pp. 200-1. 

[133] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[134] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 240. 

[135] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 76. 

[136] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[137] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Lythom Priory, Northumberland, I, p. 282. 

[138] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Lythom Priory, Northumberland, I, p. 282. 

[139] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Thickhed Nunnery, Yorkshire, I, p. 385. 

[140] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Thickhed Nunnery, Yorkshire, I, p. 385. 

[141] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Thickhed Nunnery, Yorkshire, I, p. 385. 

[142] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[143] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonsire, Duo Hundreda de Suttone, p. 15. 

[144] Domesday Descendants, p. 250. 

[145] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[146] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 220, p. 55. 

[147] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[148] Matthew Paris, Vol. V, 1249, p. 91. 

[149] Close Rolls Henry III 1247-1251, p. 190. 

[150] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[151] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 220, p. 55. 

[152] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 220, p. 55. 

[153] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[154] Close Rolls Henry III 1247-1251, p. 191. 

[155] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[156] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[157] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[158] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[159] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[160] CP II 115. 

[161] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[162] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[163] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[164] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[165] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[166] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[167] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Castel Hymel or Finshed Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 450.   

[168] Willelmi Gemmetencis Historiæ (Du Chesne, 1619), Liber IV, XVIII, p. 247. 

[169] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VIII, XIII, p. 344. 

[170] Domesday Descendants, p. 399. 

[171] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Dunmow Parva Priory, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis necnon Fundatorum et Benefactorum eiusdem domus, p. 147. 

[172] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 146. 

[173] Dugdale Monasticon V, Davintre Priory, Northamptonshire, I, De prima Fundatione eiusdem, p. 178. 

[174] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Dunmow Parva Priory, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis necnon Fundatorum et Benefactorum eiusdem domus, p. 147. 

[175] CP XII/2 745, footnote e, citing Loyd, L. C. & Stenton, D. M. (1950) Christopher Hatton’s Book of Seals (Clarendon), no. 282 note [not yet consulted], and CP XII/2 746, footnote c quoting Loyd & Stenton (1950), no. 145. 

[176] Pipe Roll 4 Hen II (1157), Essex and Hertfordshire, p. 133. 

[177] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Dunmow Parva Priory, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis necnon Fundatorum et Benefactorum eiusdem domus, p. 147. 

[178] Dugdale Monasticon V, Davintre Priory, Northamptonshire, I, De prima Fundatione eiusdem, p. 178. 

[179] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 165. 

[180] Dugdale Monasticon V, Davintre Priory, Northamptonshire, XIV, p. 181. 

[181] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 78. 

[182] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 95. 

[183] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Dunmow Parva Priory, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis necnon Fundatorum et Benefactorum eiusdem domus, p. 147. 

[184] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 131. 

[185] Dugdale Monasticon V, Davintre Priory, Northamptonshire, XIV, p. 181. 

[186] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1044, p. 76. 

[187] Domesday Descendants, p. 950. 

[188] Calendar of Inquisitions post mortem, Vol. I, 558, cited in Phillips, C. (ed.) Some Corrections and Additions to the Complete Peerage, Vol. XII/2, pp. 363-5, at <http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/cp/> (26 Apr 2004). 

[189] Curiæ Regis Rolls, Vol. I, 6 Ric I, p. 20. 

[190] Feet of Fines 1182-1196, 114, p. 99. 

[191] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Dunmow Parva Priory, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis necnon Fundatorum et Benefactorum eiusdem domus, p. 147. 

[192] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 498. 

[193] CP XII/2 750. 

[194] Matthew Paris, Vol. III, 1218, p. 41.  

[195] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1044, p. 76. 

[196] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Dunmow Parva Priory, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis necnon Fundatorum et Benefactorum eiusdem domus, p. 147. 

[197] Matthew Paris, Vol. III, 1235, p. 334. 

[198] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[199] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 113. 

[200] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotulus VII, Hertefordesire, Hundredum de Herdforde, p. 36, Verumdictum de Clavering, p. 41, and Rotulus X, Cantebrigesire, Alid Hundredum, p. 46. 

[201] Round ‘Comyn and Valoignes’ (Oct 1904), p. 132, quoting Red Book of the Exchequer, Vol. I, pp. 78, 94 and 361.  . 

[202] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, pp. 81 and 94. 

[203] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VIII regis Ricardi scutagium Normanniæ ad XXs, p. 97. 

[204] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 424. 

[205] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[206] Michel (1840), p. 115. 

[207] Michel (1840), p. 119. 

[208] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 115. 

[209] Annales de Dunstaplia, p. 102. 

[210] Patent Rolls Henry III 1225-1232 (1903), p. 227. 

[211] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 198. 

[212] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Walden Abbey, Essex, I, Fundationis Historia, p. 140.   

[213] Michel (1840), p. 119. 

[214] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[215] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 15 John, p. 101. 

[216] Dugdale Monasticon V, Davintre Priory, Northamptonshire, XIV, p. 181. 

[217] Rotuli Chartarum, 1 John, p. 16. 

[218] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 17/18 John, p. 571. 

[219] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 855, p. 663. 

[220] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/9, 2 Hen III, 154. 

[221] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 2 John, p. 110. 

[222] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 17/18 John, p. 571. 

[223] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 855, p. 663. 

[224] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 17/18 John, p. 571. 

[225] Dugdale Monasticon V, Davintre Priory, Northamptonshire, I, De prima Fundatione eiusdem, p. 178. 

[226] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli I, Lincolnscir, p. 1. 

[227] Dugdale Monasticon II, Belvoir Monastery, Lincolnshire, IX, p. 290.   

[228] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 165. 

[229] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[230] Annals of Lacock Abbey, Appendix I, Book of Lacock, p. ii. 

[231] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 349, p. 198. 

[232] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Dunmow Parva Priory, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis necnon Fundatorum et Benefactorum eiusdem domus, p. 148. 

[233] Annals of Lacock Abbey, Appendix I, Book of Lacock, p. ii. 

[234] Annals of Lacock Abbey, Appendix I, Book of Lacock, p. ii. 

[235] Annals of Lacock Abbey, Appendix I, Book of Lacock, p. ii. 

[236] Dugdale Monasticon V, Sawley Abbey, Yorkshire XXII, Genealogia Perciorum, p. 516.   

[237] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 218. 

[238] CP V 480-85. 

[239] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, p. 3. 

[240] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 290. 

[241] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, p. 4, citing “Rot. Pat. 22 Edw. III, p. 3, memb 34, Inspeximus” (cited in full in Eyton (1854), Vol. I, pp. 217, 223). 

[242] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 68, quoting Sloane MS. 1301, fo. 68, b. 

[243] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 293. 

[244] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, p. 4, citing Salop Chartulary, no. 28. 

[245] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, p. 4, citing Haughmond Chartulary, fo. 39, and Harl. MSS., 2188, fo. 123. 

[246] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 67. 

[247] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, p. 4, citing Haughmond Chartulary, fo. 39, and Harl. MSS., 2188, fo. 123. 

[248] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 68, quoting Sloane MS. 1301, fo. 68, b. 

[249] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XI, p. 106. 

[250] Pipe Roll 2 Hen II (1155), Gloucestershire, p. 49, 3 Hen II (1156), Gloucestershire, p. 100, 4 Hen II (1157), Gloucestershire, p. 167. 

[251] Pipe Roll 4 Hen II (1157), Shropshire, p. 170. 

[252] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 39. 

[253] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 68. 

[254] Meisel, J. (1980) Barons of the Welsh Frontier: the Corbet, Pantulf and Fitz Warin Families, 1066-1272 (Lincoln, Nebraska), p. 93, citing Bodleian MS DD All Souls, c. 218/6, c. 218/12, c. 218/10, and c. 218/11, respectively.  I am grateful to Barry E. Hinman for providing details of these references. 

[255] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 68. 

[256] Eyton (1860), Vol. XI, p. 39. 

[257] Eyton (1860), Vol. XI, p. 39. 

[258] Eyton (1860), Vol. XI, p. 39. 

[259] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, pp. 325, 329-30. 

[260] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, pp. 330, 361-2. 

[261] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 331. 

[262] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, p. 5, citing Salop Chartulary, no. 30. 

[263] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, p. 5, citing Dugdale’s MSS. in Bibl. Ashmol., vol. xvii, fo. 54, quoting evidence of C. Smyth, kt. 

[264] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, p. 5, citing Wenlock Register at Willey, fo. 7. 

[265] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, pp. 7-31. 

[266] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, p. 7, citing Rot. Pip. 6 Ric I, Salop. 

[267] Bridgeman ‘Parish of Blymhill’, p. 292, citing Fines and Amerciaments, 8 Hen III. 

[268] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 431, p. 118. 

[269] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, p. 5, citing Wenlock Register at Willey, fo. 7. 

[270] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 68. 

[271] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 74. 

[272] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Wiltshire, p. 200. 

[273] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 95. 

[274] Curiæ Regis Rolls, Vol. I, 6 Ric I, pp. 35 and 37. 

[275] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Wiltshire, p. 200. 

[276] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 6 John, p. 221. 

[277] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 323. 

[278] Dugdale Monasticon V, Buildwas Abbey, Shropshire, VII, p. 358. 

[279] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 71. 

[280] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 510. 

[281] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 50.  

[282] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 89a. 

[283] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Alberbury Priory, Shropshire, I, p. 1031. 

[284] Close Rolls of the Reign of Henry III, 1251-1253 (PRO, 1927, Kraus reprint 1970), p. 7. 

[285] Fine Rolls, Vol. II (1836), 34 Hen III, p. 89. 

[286] Patent Rolls Henry III 1247-1258 (1908), p. 575. 

[287] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 414. 

[288] Calendar of Documents Ireland, 332, p. 49. 

[289] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 336, p. 50. 

[290] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 410. 

[291] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 410. 

[292] Fine Rolls, Vol. II (1836), 34 Hen III, p. 89. 

[293] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 414. 

[294] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 362. 

[295] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 363. 

[296] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 363. 

[297] Patent Rolls Henry III 1247-1258 (1908), p. 78. 

[298] Patent Rolls Henry III 1247-1258 (1908), p. 575. 

[299] Ancient Deeds, Vol. IV (1902), A 6195, p. 9. 

[300] Giles, J. A. (trans.) (1854) Matthew Paris’s English History 1235-1273 (London), Vol. III, p. 348. 

[301] Letters Henry III Vol. I, CCLII, p. 306. 

[302] Gurney (1845, Part I, The Gournays in Normandy, p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[303] CP V 495, footnote d). 

[304] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[305] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 412, p. 274. 

[306] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 37, p. 29. 

[307] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 410. 

[308] Annales Cestrienses, p. 60. 

[309] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 323. 

[310] Eyton (1860), Vol. XI, p. 39. 

[311] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 497. 

[312] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 94. 

[313] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/15, 5 Hen III, 283. 

[314] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/15, 5 Hen III, 283. 

[315] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 323. 

[316] Eyton (1860), Vol. XI, p. 39. 

[317] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 323. 

[318] Eyton (1860), Vol. XI, p. 39. 

[319] Eyton (1860), Vol. XI, p. 39. 

[320] The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 323. 

[321] Dugdale Monasticon V, Buildwas Abbey, Shropshire, VII, p. 358. 

[322] Eyton (1860), Vol. XI, p. 39. 

[323] Ancient Deeds, Vol. IV (1902), A 6195, p. 9. 

[324] Testa de Nevill, Part I, pp. 254 and 264. 

[325] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 89a. 

[326] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 120. 

[327] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 430. 

[328] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/16, 6 Hen III, 206. 

[329] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 24. 

[330] Dugdale Monasticon V, Whiteland Abbey, Carmarthenshire, II, p. 591. 

[331] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 89a. 

[332] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 37, p. 29. 

[333] CP V 497, footnote c), citing “Ch. Misc. Inq, file 35, nos. 32, 40”. 

[334] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. VIII, Edward III, 37, p. 14. 

[335] CP V 500. 

[336] Drake ‘Blanche Audley’, p. 70, translation of Chancery Inq. p.m. 15 Rich II, part 1, no. 1. 

[337] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 128. 

[338] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 128. 

[339] CP V 503-7. 

[340] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 128. 

[341] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 209, p. 135. 

[342] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. VIII, Edward III, 692, p. 511. 

[343] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. I, 449, p. 348. 

[344] Collectanea Topographica Genealogica, Vol. VI, Abstract of a Cartulary of Hexham, 13, p. 41. 

[345] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Yorkshire, p. 30. 

[346] Collectanea Topographica Genealogica, Vol. VI, Abstract of a Cartulary of Hexham, 11, p. 40. 

[347] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. I, p. 348 footnote, citing Surtees Durham III, 258. 

[348] Rotuli Curiæ Regis, Vol. I, 9 Ric, p. 145. 

[349] Rotuli Curiæ Regis, Vol. I, 9 Ric, p. 145. 

[350] Excerpta e rotulis finium, Vol. I, 2 Hen III, p. 17. 

[351] Excerpta e rotulis finium, Vol. I, 11 Hen III, p. 154. 

[352] Excerpta e rotulis finium, Vol. I, 11 Hen III, p. 154. 

[353] Excerpta e rotulis finium, Vol. II, 53 Hen III, p. 494. 

[354] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), p. 128. 

[355] CP V 513. 

[356] Excerpta e rotulis finium, Vol. II, 53 Hen III, p. 494. 

[357] Excerpta e rotulis finium, Vol. II, 56 Hen III, p. 585. 

[358] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. IV, Edward I, 375, p. 245. 

[359] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 291. 

[360] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 288. 

[361] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 288. 

[362] Newminster [Northumberland], pp. 289-90. 

[363] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 291. 

[364] Newminster [Northumberland], pp. 289-90. 

[365] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 288. 

[366] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 292. 

[367] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 294. 

[368] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 292. 

[369] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 292. 

[370] Domesday Translation, Berkshire, XX, p. 147, Wiltshire, XLVIII, pp. 188-9, Dorset, XLIII, p. 220, Oxfordshire, LI, p. 440, Gloucestershire, L, p. 465. 

[371] Gloucester St Peter, Vol, I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 61. 

[372] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), pp. 22, 78, 80, and 86. 

[373] Gloucester St Peter, Vol, I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 61. 

[374] Gloucester St Peter, Vol, I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 61. 

[375] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 12, p. 20. 

[376] Gloucester St Peter, Vol, I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 61. 

[377] Gloucester St Peter, Vol, I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 69. 

[378] Gloucester St Peter, Vol, I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 66. 

[379] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, p. 206. 

[380] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 12, p. 20. 

[381] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. II, DCLXXXIX, p. 158. 

[382] Gloucester St Peter, Vol, I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 117. 

[383] Gloucester St Peter, Vol, I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 66. 

[384] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, p. 206. 

[385] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, pp. 240, 245, and 300. 

[386] Gloucester St Peter, Vol, I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 117. 

[387] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, p. 207. 

[388] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. II, DCLXXXVI, p. 157. 

[389] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. II, DCLXXXVIII, p. 158. 

[390] Berkeleys Lives, Vol. I, p. 76, citing claus. 8 Hen III, m 23, fine roll 8 Hen III. 

[391] Jeayes (1892), 168, p. 59, no citation of the original. 

[392] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 481. 

[393] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 50. 

[394] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 124, p. 30. 

[395] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 124, p. 30. 

[396] Testa de Nevill, Part 2, Appendix, p. 1408. 

[397] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 124, p. 30. 

[398] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 875, p. 298. 

[399] Testa de Nevill, Part 2, Appendix, p. 1406. 

[400] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Gloucester College, Oxford, IV, p. 407.   

[401] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 875, p. 298. 

[402] Testa de Nevill, Part 2, Appendix, p. 1406. 

[403] Annals of Lacock Abbey, Appendix I, Book of Lacock, p. v. 

[404] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Acornbury Priory, Herefordshire, V, p. 490.   

[405] Dugdale Monasticon III, Shrewsbury Abbey, VI, p. 520.   

[406] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Gloucester College, Oxford, IV, p. 407.   

[407] Rymer (1745), Tome I, Pars III, p. 6. 

[408] CP V 644-9. 

[409] Calendar Charter Rolls Henry III, Vol. I, p. 95. 

[410] Matthew Paris, Vol. IV, 1245, p. 491. 

[411] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 112, p. 26. 

[412] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 112, p. 26. 

[413] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 112, p. 26. 

[414] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, pp. 207 and 240. 

[415] Gloucester St Peter, Vol, I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 66. 

[416] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, pp. 207 and 208. 

[417] Gloucester St Peter, Vol, I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 117. 

[418] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. II, DCLXXX, p. 153. 

[419] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 130. 

[420] Gloucester St Peter, Vol, I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 117. 

[421] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. II, DCLXXXII, p. 155. 

[422] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. II, DCLXXXI, p. 154. 

[423] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 260. 

[424] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1717, p. 557. 

[425] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 671, p. 393. 

[426] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/28, 13 Hen III, 276. 

[427] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 204. 

[428] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 671, p. 393. 

[429] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 18 John, p. 185. 

[430] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/28, 13 Hen III, 276. 

[431] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 204. 

[432] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 671, p. 393. 

[433] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 671, p. 393. 

[434] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/28, 13 Hen III, 276. 

[435] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 204. 

[436] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 671, p. 393. 

[437] Bliss (1893), Vol. I, p. 259. 

[438] Domesday Translation, Wiltshire, XLVII, p. 188, Dorset, XLIII, p. 219. 

[439] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), p. 157. 

[440] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, pp. 206, 239 and 245. 

[441] Ancient Deeds, Vol. IV, A. 8529, p. 322. 

[442] Round ‘Giffard of Fonthill Giffard’ (Jul 1903), p. 140, quoting Close Roll, 4 Hen. III [1220], and pp. 141-2. 

[443] Ancient Deeds, Vol. IV, A. 8529, p. 322. 

[444] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 245. 

[445] Domesday Descendants, p. 994. 

[446] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 2 John, p. 89. 

[447] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 2 John, p. 132. 

[448] Domesday Descendants, p. 994. 

[449] Domesday Descendants, p. 994. 

[450] Domesday Descendants, p. 994. 

[451] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 2 John, p. 89. 

[452] Domesday Descendants, p. 994. 

[453] Round ‘Giffard of Fonthill Giffard’ (Jul 1903), p. 138. 

[454] Testa de Nevill, Part 2A, p. 735. 

[455] Round ‘Giffard of Fonthill Giffard’ (Jul 1903), p. 140, quoting Close Roll, 4 Hen. III [1220], and pp. 141-2. 

[456] Annals of Lacock Abbey, Appendix I, Book of Lacock, p. iv. 

[457] CP I 339. 

[458] Minutes of Evidence taken before the Committee of Privileges [House of Lords] [relating to Grandison] (printed 7 Apr 1854), 96, p. 169, consulted at <https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433000150270;view=1up;seq=7> (14 Oct 2018), relevant parts quoted at Kingsford, C. L. ‘Sir Otho de Grandison’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Third Series, Vol. III (London, 1909), p. 127, footnote 3. 

[459] Wurstemberger (1858), Vol. IV, 621, p. 310. 

[460] CP VI 60. 

[461] Williams ‘The First Marriage William de Grandison’ (Jun 2018), pp. 89-97. 

[462] Bliss (1893), Vol. II. A.D. 1305-1342, p. 5 (Clement V, Vol. LII, fol. 50). 

[463] Williams ‘First Marriage William de Grandison’ (Jun 2018), p. 89. 

[464] Hisely (1855), p. 133. 

[465] Williams ‘First Marriage William de Grandison’ (Jun 2018), pp. 89-90. 

[466] Hisely (1867), 58, p. 62. 

[467] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[468] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 603, p. 453. 

[469] Williams ‘First Marriage William de Grandison’ (Jun 2018), pp. 93-4. 

[470] Williams ‘First Marriage William de Grandison’ (Jun 2018), p. 92, citing Brown, W. (ed.) (1907) The Register of William Wickwane, Lord Archbishop of York (Surtees Society), 892, p. 329. 

[471] Brown (1907), 905, p. 332, and Williams, D. ‘The First Marriage and issue of William de Grandison 1st Lord Grandison (d. 1335): Corrigenda et Addenda’, Foundations, Vol. 11 (2019), p. 13. 

[472] Williams ‘First Marriage William de Grandison’ (Jun 2018), pp. 92-3. 

[473] Williams ‘First Marriage William de Grandison’ (Jun 2018), pp. 92-3, citing Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edw I, 4, p. 114. 

[474] Williams ‘First Marriage William de Grandison’ (Jun 2018), p. 94. 

[475] Blomefield (1807), Vol. VII, Wermegay, pp. 495. 

[476] Williams ‘First Marriage William de Grandison’ (Jun 2018), p. 94, citing Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edw. III, 3, p. 490. 

[477] Williams ‘First Marriage William de Grandison: Corrigenda et Addenda’ (2019), pp. 15-17. 

[478] Williams ‘First Marriage William de Grandison’ (Jun 2018), p. 94, citing CP I 418 and footnotes (a) and (b). 

[479] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[480] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[481] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Wigmore Abbey, Herefordshire, III, Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia, p. 352. 

[482] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[483] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[484] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 61. 

[485] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 61. 

[486] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 61. 

[487] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 61. 

[488] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 61. 

[489] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[490] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[491] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[492] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[493] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[494] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[495] Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, Vol. I (1834), XXXVII (MS. Reg. 2 A. XVIII.a), p. 278. 

[496] Fine Rolls, 9 Hen III, p. 129. 

[497] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. xxxi. 

[498] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. xxxi. 

[499] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 332, p. 276. 

[500] Patent Rolls Henry III 1225-1232 (1903), p. 412. 

[501] Basset Charters, Introduction, p. xxxix. 

[502] Betty Gorrie by emails dated 18 Apr 2021 and 6 Jun 2021. 

[503] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 810, p. 276. 

[504] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 810, p. 276. 

[505] CP VI 124. 

[506] CP IV 261. 

[507] Dugdale Monasticon V, Forde Abbey, Devonshire I, p. 380. 

[508] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 81. 

[509] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 810, p. 276. 

[510] CP VI 174. 

[511] CP VI 174. 

[512] CP VI 175, citing “Leicester Visitation of 1619 (Harleian Society, p. 74)”. 

[513] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 243. 

[514] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 243. 

[515][515] CP VI 185 footnote e (continuation on p. 186), quoting A Commentary of the Services and Charges of William Lord Grey of Wilton by his son Arthur Lord Grey of Wilton, Appendix no. 12. 

[516] CP VI 181-8

[517] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 255. 

[518] Stevenson (1864), Vol. II, Part II, Annales Wilhelmi Wyrcester, 1466, p. [785]. 

[519] Collectanea Topographica Genealogica, Vol. I, XL, Harleian MS 1074, No. 1, p. 296. 

[520] CP VII 168-79. 

[521] Collectanea Topographica Genealogica, Vol. I, XL, Harleian MS 1074, No. 1, p. 296. 

[522] Stevenson (1864), Vol. II, Part II, Annales Wilhelmi Wyrcester, 1466, p. [786]. 

[523] Brewer (1862), Vol. I, p. 299. 

[524] Blomefield (1806), Vol. III, p. 478. 

[525] Domesday Translation, Oxfordshire, VII, LIX, pp. 429, 443-4. 

[526] Blomefield (1806), Vol. III, p. 478. 

[527] Eynsham, Vol. I, 7, p. 36. 

[528] Eynsham, Vol. I, 7, p. 36. 

[529] Eynsham, Vol. I, 95, p. 88. 

[530] Eynsham, Vol. I, 95, p. 88. 

[531] Eynsham, 90, p. 84. 

[532] Rotuli Chartarum, 1 John, p. 49. 

[533] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 283. 

[534] Calendar Charter Rolls Henry III, Vol. I, p. 251. 

[535] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 842, p. 290. 

[536] Eynsham, Vol. I, 116, p. 100. 

[537] Eynsham, Vol. I, p. 100, footnote 1, citing Abbreviatio Placitorum, p. 32, and Select Civil Pleas, Selden Society, p. 31 [not yet consulted]. 

[538] Blomefield (1806), Vol. III, p. 478. 

[539] Blomefield (1806), Vol. III, p. 478. 

[540] Blomefield (1806), Vol. III, p. 481 (no primary source citation).

[541] Blomefield (1806), Vol. III, p. 478, footnote 7. 

[542] Blomefield (1806), Vol. III, p. 478, footnote 7. 

[543] Cawley ‘Relationship terms in medieval Latin’ (2015), p. 42. 

[544] Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III, Vol. 2, p. 451. 

[545] Calendar Charter Rolls Henry III, Vol. I, p. 251. 

[546] Blomefield (1806), Vol. III, p. 478, footnote 7. 

[547] Blomefield (1806), Vol. III, p. 478, footnote 7. 

[548] Calendar Charter Rolls Henry III, Vol. I, p. 251. 

[549] Chronica Melsa, Vol. I, IV, p. 170. 

[550] Chronica Melsa, Vol. I, IV, p. 170. 

[551] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 760, p. 246. 

[552] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. IV, Edward I, 283, p. 193. 

[553] Chronica Melsa, Vol. I, IV, p. 170. 

[554] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 284, p. 182. 

[555] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. V, Edward II, 398, p. 220. 

[556] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 284, p. 182. 

[557] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. V, Edward II, 398, p. 220. 

[558] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. V, Edward II, 398, p. 220. 

[559] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 284, p. 182. 

[560] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. IV, Edward I, 283, p. 193. 

[561] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. V, Edward II, 398, p. 220. 

[562] CP VI 127. 

[563] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), pp. 121-34. 

[564] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), pp. 121-23. 

[565] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, p. 505. 

[566] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, 1083, p. 122. 

[567] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), pp. 121-22. 

[568] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, 1264, p. 158. 

[569] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. I, 449, p. 348. 

[570] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, 1236, p. 505. 

[571] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, 1557, p. 220. 

[572] Hexham (1864), Vol. I, XII, p. 58. 

[573] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Carlisle Priory, III, p. 144. 

[574] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Yorkshire, Northumberland, p. 25. 

[575] Simeon of Durham, Vol. II, p. 310, quoted in CP XI Appendix D, p. 108 footnote f. 

[576] CP XI Appendix D, p. 108. 

[577] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Oseney Abbey, Oxfordshire, VI, p. 253. 

[578] Dugdale Monasticon V, Thame Abbey, Oxfordshire, III, p. 404. 

[579] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Oseney Abbey, Oxfordshire, II, p. 251. 

[580] Eynsham, 65, p. 73. 

[581] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Oseney Abbey, Oxfordshire, III, p. 251. 

[582] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, 1238, p. 510. 

[583] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Yorkshire, Northumberland, p. 25. 

[584] Hexham (1864), Vol. I, XII, p. 58. 

[585] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, 1237, p. 509. 

[586] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Carlisle Priory, III, p. 144. 

[587] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, p. 506, citing Pipe Rolls 2 Hen. II, p. 27. 

[588] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Carlisle Priory, III, p. 144. 

[589] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Carlisle Priory, III, p. 144. 

[590] Rievaulx, CLXII.CXIX, p. 117. 

[591] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, p. 507. 

[592] Pipe Roll 11 Hen II (1164/65), p. 29. 

[593] Rievaulx, LXXXII.XL, p. 49. 

[594] Rievaulx, LXXX.XXXVIII, p. 48. 

[595] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Carlisle Priory, III, p. 144. 

[596] Pipe Roll 27 Hen II (1180/81), p. 26. 

[597] Pipe Roll 31 Hen II (1184/85), p. 187. 

[598] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, p. 507, citing Pipe Rolls 10 Ric. I [no page reference]. 

[599] Rievaulx, p. 49, citing Dodsworth, Vol. III, fo. 40. 

[600] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), p. 125, citing Howard, H. (1834) Memorials of the Howard Family (privately printed), app. v. E. 

[601] Brinkburn, CCII, p. 160. 

[602] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, p. 507, citing Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum, I, p. 174 [not yet consulted]. 

[603] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), p. 125, footnote 7, citing Pipe Roll, 5 John [no page reference]. 

[604] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), p. 125, footnote 7, citing Howard (1834), app. v. E. 

[605] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, p. 507, citing “R. Chart., 88b”. 

[606] Pipe Roll 27 Hen II (1180/81), p. 26. 

[607] Pipe Roll 31 Hen II (1184/85), p. 187. 

[608] Pipe Roll 27 Hen II (1180/81), p. 26. 

[609] Pipe Roll 27 Hen II (1180/81), p. 26. 

[610] Early Yorkshire Charters II 1241, p. 511. 

[611] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, p. 507, citing Pipe Rolls 6 Ric. I and Pipe Roll 2 John, 4 John [no page references]. 

[612] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), p. 125, footnote 7, citing Pipe Roll, 5 John [no page reference]. 

[613] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. IX, The Stuteville Fee, p. 9, citing Pipe Roll, 11 John, p. 96. 

[614] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. IX, The Stuteville Fee, p. 9, footnote  5. 

[615] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1871, p. 657. 

[616] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. IX, The Stuteville Fee, p. 9. 

[617] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, p. 507, citing Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum, II, p. 155b [incorrect citation reference?]. 

[618] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. IX, The Stuteville Fee, p. 9, footnote  5. 

[619] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1871, p. 657. 

[620] Patent Rolls Henry III 1225-1232 (1903), p. 310. 

[621] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), p. 126, citing “Charter Roll, 29 Henry III. pt. I. m. I”. 

[622] Wetherhal, 137, p. 237. 

[623] Victoria County History, Cumberland, Vol. 1, p. 420. 

[624] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, pp. 507, 509. 

[625] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 714, p. 440. 

[626] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), pp. 126-7, citing “Fine Rolls, II. 14, ed. Roberts”. 

[627] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 314, p. 83. 

[628] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), p. 127, citing “Fine Rolls, II. 186, ed. Roberts”, and “Originalia, I. 13b, Record Commission”. 

[629] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 314, p. 83. 

[630] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), pp. 126-7, citing “Originalia, I. 14a, Record Commission”. 

[631] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 714, p. 440. 

[632] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 281. 

[633] Early Assize Rolls Northumberland, pp. 14, 55-6. 

[634] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), p. 127. 

[635] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 683, p. 215. 

[636] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), p. 127, citing “Fine Rolls, II, 464, 467”. 

[637] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 714, p. 440. 

[638] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 281. 

[639] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 714, p. 440. 

[640] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 9. 

[641] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. IV, Edward I, 375, p. 245. 

[642] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. IV, Edward I, 375, p. 245. 

[643] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. IV, Edward I, 375, p. 245. 

[644] Wilson ‘The Greystokes’ (Jul 1903), p. 128. 

[645] CP V 513. 

[646] Excerpta e rotulis finium, Vol. II, 53 Hen III, p. 494. 

[647] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 292. 

[648] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 294. 

[649] FitzHerbert ‘Tailbois and Neville’, p. 107. 

[650] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Kingston upon Hull, II, p. 20. 

[651] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 294. 

[652] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 294. 

[653] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 294. 

[654] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 296. 

[655] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 297. 

[656] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 294. 

[657] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 296. 

[658] CP VI 196 footnote (b), citing “Obituary of Newminster” (no precise citation refernece)

[659] Dugdale Monasticon V, Newminster Abbey, Northumberland, VI, p. 401. 

[660] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 230. 

[661] Dugdale Monasticon V, Newminster Abbey, Northumberland, VI, p. 401. 

[662] Collectanea Topographica Genealogica, Vol. I, XL, Harleian MS 1074, No. III, p. 297. 

[663] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 230. 

[664] Dugdale Monasticon V, Newminster Abbey, Northumberland, VI, p. 401. 

[665] CP VI 197-201, and Dugdale Monasticon V, Newminster Abbey, Northumberland, VI, p. 401. 

[666] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 294. 

[667] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 294. 

[668] Newminster [Northumberland], p. 294. 

[669] Lancaster Hastings families

[670] Domesday Translation, Essex, XXXIX, p. 1033. 

[671] Domesday Translation, Essex, XC, p. 1051. 

[672] Domesday Translation, Sussex, V, p. 39. 

[673] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Sussex, p. 68. 

[674] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Essex, p. 58. 

[675] Lancaster Hastings

[676] Domesday Translation, Essex, XLII, p. 1035. 

[677] Domesday Translation, Suffolk, XLI, p. 1286. 

[678] Domesday Translation, Essex, XLII, p. 1035. 

[679] Domesday Translation, Suffolk, XLI, p. 1286. 

[680] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Wykes Nunnery, V, p. 515.   

[681] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Wykes Nunnery, p. 513.   

[682] Clark ‘Hastings’ (1869), p. 125, citing “Cart. Ant. Rot. C, m. 20, dorso”. 

[683] Clark ‘Hastings’ (1869), p. 124, citing “Record Office Cart. Antiq. L. 2, 31, 10”. 

[684] Rotuli Curiæ Regis, Vol. I (1835), p. 318. 

[685] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum, Vol. II, 1556, p. 219. 

[686] Calendar of Charter Rolls, Vol. II, p. 137.  

[687] Keats-Rohan ‘Additions and Corrections to Sanders’s Baronies’ (2000), p. 3. 

[688] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum, Vol. II, 1556, p. 219. 

[689] Domesday Descendants, p. 506, and Keats-Rohan ‘Additions and Corrections to Sanders’s Baronies’ (2000), p. 3. 

[690] Domesday Descendants, p. 789, and Keats-Rohan ‘Additions and Corrections to Sanders’s Baronies’ (2000), p. 3. 

[691] Domesday Descendants, p. 789, and Keats-Rohan ‘Additions and Corrections to Sanders’s Baronies’ (2000), p. 3. 

[692] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Wykes Nunnery, V, p. 515.   

[693] Clark ‘Hastings’ (1869), p. 124, citing “Record Office Cart. Antiq. L. 2, 31, 10”. 

[694] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Wykes Nunnery, p. 513.   

[695] Liber Niger Scaccarii, Vol. I, p. 391. 

[696] Clark ‘Hastings’ (1869), p. 125. 

[697] Clark ‘Hastings’ (1869), p. 236, citing Morant, P. (1768) The History and Antiquities of the County of Essex, Vol. II, p. 457 [not yet consulted, no copy found in Google Books]. 

[698] Clark ‘Hastings’ (1869), pp. 236-45. 

[699] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Wykes Nunnery, V, p. 515.   

[700] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Wykes Nunnery, p. 513.   

[701] Clark ‘Hastings’ (1869), p. 124, citing “Record Office Cart. Antiq. L. 2, 31, 10”. 

[702] Clark ‘Hastings’ (1869), pp. 124-5, citing “a charter preserved in the St. George’s MSS” quoted by Morant (1768), Vol. II, p. 466 [not yet consulted, no copy found in Google Books]. 

[703] Clark ‘Hastings’ (1869), pp. 124-5, citing “a charter preserved in the St. George’s MSS” quoted by Morant (1768), Vol. II, p. 466 [not yet consulted, no copy found in Google Books]. 

[704] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Wykes Nunnery, V, p. 515.   

[705] Rotuli Curiæ Regis, Vol. I, p. 318. 

[706] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Wykes Nunnery, V, p. 515.   

[707] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Wykes Nunnery, p. 513.   

[708] Lancaster Hastings families

[709] Rotuli Curiæ Regis, Vol. I (1835), p. 318. 

[710] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum, Vol. II, 1556, p. 219. 

[711] Calendar of Charter Rolls, Vol. II, p. 137. 

[712] Clark ‘Hastings’ (1869), p. 124, citing “Record Office Cart. Antiq. L. 2, 31, 10”. 

[713] Domesday Descendants, p. 506. 

[714] Liber Niger Scaccarii, Vol. I (1771), p. 241. 

[715] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 282. 

[716] Calendar of Charter Rolls, Vol. II, p. 137. 

[717] Liber Niger Scaccarii, Vol. I (1771), p. 241. 

[718] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Old Malton Priory, Yorkshire XI, p. 972.   

[719] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Norfolk & Suffolk, p. 53. 

[720] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 16 John, p. 537. 

[721] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 282. 

[722] Rotuli Curiæ Regis, Vol. I (1835), p. 318. 

[723] Calendar of Charter Rolls, Vol. II, p. 137. 

[724] Clark ‘Hastings’ (1869), pp. 124-5, citing “a charter preserved in the St. George’s MSS” quoted by Morant (1768), Vol. II, p. 466 [not yet consulted, no copy found in Google Books]. 

[725] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 358. 

[726] Liber Niger Scaccarii, Vol. I (1771), p. 241. 

[727] Feet of Fines 1182-1196, 4, p. 3. 

[728] Domesday Descendants, p. 506, citing Catalogue of Ancient Deeds A. 13694. 

[729] Domesday Descendants, p. 506, citing Catalogue of Ancient Deeds A. 13694. 

[730] Rotuli Curiæ Regis, Vol. I (1835), p. 318. 

[731] Domesday Descendants, p. 506. 

[732] Clark ‘Hastings’ (1869), pp. 236-45. 

[733] Dugdale (1675/76) Baronage, p. 574, discussed in Lancaster Hastings families

[734] Eyton (1857), Vol. V, p. 134. 

[735] Eyton (1857), Vol. V, p. 136, citing Brakelond’s Chronicle, p. 117. 

[736] Dugdale (1675/76) Baronage, p. 574. 

[737] Eyton (1857), Vol. V, p. 134. 

[738] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Leicestershire, p. 87. 

[739] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Leicestershire, p. 87. 

[740] Dugdale (1675/76) Baronage, p. 574. 

[741] Eyton (1857), Vol. V, p. 137, citing Dugdale Baronage, p. 574. 

[742] Eyton (1857), Vol. V, p. 137. 

[743] Jane (1907), p. 42. 

[744] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), 463, p. 341. 

[745] Eyton (1857), Vol. V, p. 134. 

[746] Eyton (1857), Vol. V, p. 136. 

[747] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 24. 

[748] Domesday Descendants, p. 505. 

[749] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 18. 

[750] Andrew Lancaster, in an email 19 Jun 2016. 

[751] Eyton (1857), Vol. V, p. 137, citing Dugdale Baronage, p. 574. 

[752] Eyton (1857), Vol. V, p. 137. 

[753] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 291. 

[754] Actes Henri II, Tome I, CCLXXII, p. 418. 

[755] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/16, 6 Hen III, 194. 

[756] Calendar of the Patent Rolls, Richard II, Vol. VI (London, 1909), 21 Richard II, Part III, p. 335

[757] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), 463, p. 341. 

[758] Jane (1907), p. 42. 

[759] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), 463, p. 341. 

[760] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Norfolk & Suffolk, p. 63. 

[761] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), 463, p. 341. 

[762] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Norfolk & Suffolk, p. 63. 

[763] Jane (1907), p. 188. 

[764] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/16, 6 Hen III, 194. 

[765] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 204. 

[766] Andrew Lancaster, in an email 19 Jun 2016. 

[767] Liber Vitæ Dunelmensis, p. 107. 

[768] Burke’s Dormant and Extinct Peerages, p. 266. 

[769] Dugdale (1675/76) Baronage, p. 574. 

[770] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 207. 

[771] Whitby, Vol. I, XXXI, p. 37. 

[772] Whitby, Vol. I, XXXI, p. 37. 

[773] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, pp. 203 and 358. 

[774] Pipe Roll 23 Hen II (1176/77), Essex & Hertfordshire, p. 151. 

[775] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 73. 

[776] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 94. 

[777] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 94. 

[778] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, pp. 141, 590. 

[779] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), 463, p. 341. 

[780] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VIII regis Ricardi scutagium Normanniæ ad XXs, p. 98. 

[781] Farrer (1903), p. 28. 

[782] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 570. 

[783] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), 463, p. 341. 

[784] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), 463, p. 341. 

[785] Rotuli Chartarum, 5 John, p. 114. 

[786] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Yorkshire, p. 161. 

[787] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 3 John, p. 195. 

[788] Rotuli Chartarum, 5 John, p. 114. 

[789] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 3 John, p. 195. 

[790] Patent Rolls Henry III 1215-1225 (1901), p. 28. 

[791] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 204. 

[792] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 207. 

[793] Annales Londonienses, p. 126. 

[794] Annales Londonienses, p. 126. 

[795] Lindores, CXVIII, p. 148. 

[796] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 719, p. 229. 

[797] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire V, In Chronicis Abbatiæ Tynterne in Wallia, p. 272.   

[798] Florentii Wigornensis Monachi Chronicon, Continuatio, p. 190. 

[799] CP VI 382-3. 

[800] Bliss (1893), Vol. I, p. 470. 

[801] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Ranton Priory, Staffordshire, VIII, Nomina Antecessorum Domini Willielmi de Harecourt, p. 258. 

[802] Clark (1907), I, 25, p. 50. 

[803] CP X336, footnote a, citing Close Rolls, 1247-51, pp. 388, 452. 

[804] Florentii Wigornensis Monachi Chronicon, Continuatio, p. 190. 

[805] Annales Londonienses, p. 126. 

[806] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 719, p. 229. 

[807] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 17, p. 16. 

[808] CP VI 347. 

[809] Bliss (1893), Vol. I, p. 450. 

[810] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 181. 

[811] Florentii Wigornensis Monachi Chronicon, Continuatio, p. 228. 

[812] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 213. 

[813] Placita de quo waranto (1818), p. 228. 

[814] CP VI 528. 

[815] Farrer (1899), no. 162, p. 131. 

[816] Farrer (1899), p. 131, footnote 1, citing Foreign Accounts Roll, no. 1. 

[817] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. V, Edward II, 279, p. 153. 

[818] Annals of Lacock Abbey, Appendix I, Book of Lacock, p. v. 

[819] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. V, Edward II, 458, p. 255. 

[820] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. VII, Edward III, 371, 442, pp. 267 and 442.