untitled ENGLISH NOBILITY T - Z

v3.0 Updated 29 May 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

TAILLEBOIS. 2

TATTERSHALL. 6

TOSNY. 12

TOTNES. 17

TRACY. 19

TRESGOZ. 28

TRUSSEBUT. 37

VALOIGNES. 39

VAUX. 62

VERDUN. 74

VERNON. 85

VESCY. 90

VESPONT. 105

WAKE. 106

WELLES. 117

WELLETON. 117

WINDSOR. 119

ZOUCHE. 125

OTHER UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY. 132

 

 

 

TAILLEBOIS

 

 

Loyd indicates that this family originated in Cristot in the present-day French département of Calvados, arrondissement Caen, canton Tilly-sur-Seulles[1].  "Yvonem de Taillebois" donated "ecclesie et juris patronatus de Cristot" to Vendôme La-Trinité, undated[2]

 

 

[Three possible brothers:]

1.         IVO Taillebois (-[1094/95], bur Spalding).  "…Ivo Taillebois, Robert de Oilli" witnessed the spurious charter, purportedly dated 25 Dec [1071/75], under which William I King of England donated Chelsea to the monks of Westminster[3].  "…Ivonem Taillebois…" witnessed the charter under which William I King of England confirmed the rights of Ely abbey[4].  “Ivo Taleboys” donated Spalding Monastery to the church of Saint-Nicholas Anjou, for “conjugis suæ Luciæ et antecessorum Toraldi…uxoris eius” by undated charter[5].  “Ivo Talliebois” donated property to St Mary, York, for the soul of “uxoris meæ Luciæ”, by undated charter witnessed by “Lucia uxore mea, Ribaldo genero meo, Radulpho Taillebois…[6].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Claxtuna et ecclesiam de Kirkby-Stephen…” by “Ivo Taillebois[7].  Domesday Book records “Ivo Taillebois” holding numerous properties in Lincolnshire[8].  “…Ivonis de Taliber…” witnessed the charter dated Sep 1093 under which William II King of England donated property to Lincoln cathedral[9].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records the death of "Ivo Taillebois who had always been a most bitter enemy to Croyland" and his burial by "his wife the lady Lucia" in the priory of Spalding[10]m firstly --- Bardolf, daughter of WILLIAM Bardolf & his wife ---.  A book of fees records that “Ivo de Tailbois” held “baroniam de Hephall cum uxore sua…filia Will de Bardulf”, previously held by the latter, granted by William I King of England[11]m secondly as her first husband, LUCY, daughter of --- (-1138, bur Spalding).  The Chronicon Angliæ Petriburgense records "Luciæ comitissæ…filiæ Algari comitis Leicestriæ" as husband of "Ivo Tailbois comes Andegavensis, dominus Spaldingiæ et totius Hollandiæ" and "Toraldus avunculus eiusdem Luciæ"[12].  No other source has been yet been identified which names one of the parents of Lucy.  If the source is accurate (and it is a later source), it is not known whether the relationship with Thorold was through Lucy’s father or mother, although if "avunculus" is used in its strict sense (which is not beyond doubt) Thorold was her maternal uncle.  A manuscript recording the foundation of Spalding monastery records that “Yvo Talboys” married "Thoroldo…hærede Lucia" who, after the death of Ivo, married (in turn) "Rogerum filium Geroldi" and "comitem Cestriæ Ranulphum"[13].  “Ivo Taleboys” donated Spalding Monastery to the church of Saint-Nicholas Anjou, for “conjugis suæ Luciæ et antecessorum Toraldi…uxoris eius” by undated charter[14].  She married secondly (after 1094) Roger FitzGerold.  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "his wife the lady Lucia" married "Roger de Romar the son of Gerald de Romar" when "hardly had one month elapsed after the death" of her first husband "Ivo Taillebois"[15].  She married thirdly (1098) Ranulf "Meschin" Vicomte du Bessin.  Ivo & his first wife had one child: 

a)         BEATRIX .  “Ribaldus frater comitis” donated property to St Mary, York, for the soul of “Alani comitis et Beatricis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[16].  Her origin is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Ivo Talliebois” donated property to St Mary, York, for the soul of “uxoris meæ Luciæ”, by undated charter witnessed by “Lucia uxore mea, Ribaldo genero meo, Radulpho Taillebois…[17].  m RIBALD, illegitimate son of EUDES de Bretagne Comte de Penthièvre & his mistress ---. 

Ivo & his second wife had one child: 

b)         daughter (-before [1094/95]).  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that the "only daughter" of "Ivo Taillebois…[and] his wife the lady Lucia" married "a husband of noble rank" but "died before her father"[18]m ---.  [same person as…?  daughter Domesday Descendants suggests that the wife of Eldred who was the daughter of Ivo Taillebois, adding that their grandson William de Lancaster held the barony of Kendal which was previously held by Ivo Taillebois[19].  This is contradicted by an undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire which names “Elthredum” as son of ”Ivo Tailbot[20], although this is improbable as no other primary sources indicate that Ivo had sons.  If Domesday Descendants is correct, it is possible that Eldred’s wife was Ivo’s unnamed daughter by his second marriage.  m ELDRED, son of ---.] 

2.         [RALPH Taillebois (-after 1085).  “Ivo Talliebois” donated property to St Mary, York, for the soul of “uxoris meæ Luciæ”, by undated charter witnessed by “Lucia uxore mea, Ribaldo genero meo, Radulpho Taillebois…[21].  The precise relationship between Ivo Taillebois and Ralph Taillebois is not known, but the positioning of his name in this charter directly after Ivo’s son-in-law suggests that it was close and that maybe they were brothers.  Domesday Book records that “Peter de Valognes and Ralph Taillebois” took Welbury in Hertfordshire from "Ilbert [who] put it in his manor of Lilley while he was sheriff"[22].  This joint action suggests a family relationship between Ralph and Peter de Valoignes.]  m AZELINA, daughter of ---.  Domesday Book records “Azelina wife of Ralph Taillebois” holding half a hide of land in Soulbury in Cottesloe Hundred from the king in Buckinghamshire; several properties in Bedfordshire[23].  Ralph & his wife had one child: 

a)         daughter (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records that “the daughter of Ralph Taillebois holds in Hunsdon 4 hides of the fief of Hugh de Beauchamp…Ralph Taillebois took it from Stanstead Abbots and attached it to this manor” in Braughing Hundred in Hertfordshire[24]

3.         [WILLIAM Taillebois (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “William Taillebois” holding West Ashby and Alford in Lincolnshire[25].] 

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         GUILLAUME Taillebois .  "Guillaume Taillebois" donated land "à Secqueville" to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, for his soul and that of "son frère Robert", by undated charter[26]

2.         ROBERT Taillebois .  "Guillaume Taillebois" donated land "à Secqueville" to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, for his soul and that of "son frère Robert", by undated charter[27]

 

 

1.         IVO Taillebois (-after 1212).  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Durham, dated to [1208/10]: "Ivo Talleboys" held "in capite de domino rege Theynagium quod fuit Willelmi filii Willelmi per Elyzabet uxorem suam…"[28].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Yvo Taylebois" holding "baroniam de Ephal[ton] cum uxore W[illelmi] Badulfi" with one knight’s fee from King John in Northumberland in [1210/12][29].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Yvo Tailleboys" holding "baroniam de Hephale cum uxore qui fuit Willelmi Bardolf quam habet de dono domini Regis Johannis" in Northumberland[30].  m ([1210/12] or before) as her second husband, ELIZABETH, widow of WILLIAM Bardulf, daughter of WILLIAM FitzWilliam & his wife --- (-after 1219).  King John confirmed land "in Hepedale et in Kokedale", which "Will fil Will patre predicte Elysabeth tenuit", to "Willelmo Bardulf et Elysabeth uxori sue" by charter dated 25 Apr 1200[31].  "Elizabeth q fuit uxor Willi Bard" paid a fine to marry where she will, in Northumberland, dated 1206[32].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Yvo Taylebois" holding "baroniam de Ephal[ton] cum uxore W[illelmi] Badulfi" with one knight’s fee from King John in Northumberland in [1210/12][33].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Yvo Tailleboys" holding "baroniam de Hephale cum uxore qui fuit Willelmi Bardolf quam habet de dono domini Regis Johannis" in Northumberland[34].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "uxor Ivonis Talleboys" holding land in Northumberland[35].  

 

 

 

 

TATTERSHALL

 

 

1.         SPIREWIC (-after 1086).  m ---.  The name of Spirewic’s wife is not known.  Spirewic & his wife had one child: 

a)         EUDES (-before 1118).  m ---.  The name of Eudes’s wife is not known.  Eudes & his wife had one child: 

i)          HUGH Brito [de Tattershall] (-before 1166).  An undated manuscript which records the foundation of Kirkstead abbey, Lincolnshire names “domino Hugone Britone…natione Brito…filium Eudonis dominum in Tateshale" as the abbey’s founder, as well as "suis successoribus…domino Philippo de Tatteshale et Elizabetha uxore eiusdem et domino Roberto et domina Alicia uxore eiusdem et domino Roberto milite strenuo"[36].  Another manuscript records the foundation of Kirkstead abbey, Lincolnshire in 1139 by “domino Hugone Bretone…natione Brito…cujus nomen Brito in Hugonem filium Eudonis domini de Tateshale mutatur", that "Hugo filius Eudonis et Hugo filius Pincionis fuerunt fratres sacri", that the former had "filium et hæredum…Robertum filium Hugonis" who was succeeded by "Johannes filius eiusdem Roberti et hæres" who had "fratrum…Robertum et…filium et hæredum…Walterum", the last-named being succeeded by "alius Walterus filius et hæres primi Walteri" who was in turn succeeded by "Robertus filius et hæres eiusdem Walteri"[37].  "Hugo filius Eudonis" donated land in Great Sturton to Kirkstead abbey, with the consent of "Roberti filii mei", by charter dated to [1140/50] witnessed by "Alano de Creun, Waltero et Andrea filiis meis…"[38].  A charter of King Henry II dated to [1155] confirmed the property of Kirkstead abbey, including by "Hugonis filii Eudonis et Roberti filii eius" who confirmed a donation of land in Aby and South Thoresby donated by "Willelmus filius Otueli avunculus meus" to Greenfield priory, Lincolnshire by charter dated to [1166/75] witnessed by "Simone de Bello Campo…"[39]m ---.  The name of Hugh’s wife is not known.  Hugh & his wife had [five] children: 

(a)       ROBERT [de Tattershall] (-before 1185).  A manuscript records the foundation of Kirkstead abbey, Lincolnshire in 1139 by “domino Hugone Bretone…natione Brito…cujus nomen Brito in Hugonem filium Eudonis domini de Tateshale mutatur", that "Hugo filius Eudonis et Hugo filius Pincionis fuerunt fratres sacri", that the former had "filium et hæredum…Robertum filium Hugonis" who was succeeded by "Johannes filius eiusdem Roberti et hæres" who had "fratrum…Robertum et…filium et hæredum…Walterum", the last-named being succeeded by "alius Walterus filius et hæres primi Walteri" who was in turn succeeded by "Robertus filius et hæres eiusdem Walteri"[40]

-         see below

(b)       ROGER [de Tattershall] (-before 1199).  "Roberto filio Hugonis et Rogero fratre eius, Isabella uxore Roberti filii Hugonis, Philippo et Roberto et Rogero filiis eius, Waltero filio Walteri filio Hugonis, Gaufrido capellano" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willielmus de Dentuna" donated property at "Langhage" to Kirkstead abbey[41].  "Robertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the donation of "bosco…Langhage" by "Willielmus de Dentuna frater meus" to Kirkstead abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogero filio Hugonis, Isabella uxore mea…"[42].  "Walterus filius Hugonis" granted revenue from land in Kirky on Bain to Kirkstead abbey, with the consent of "Walterii filii mei", by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II witnessed by "Rogero filio Hugonis, Waltero filio meo…"[43].  "Rob de Tadeshal" paid a fine for "terre ex dono Rog avunculi sui" in Lincolnshire, dated [1199/1200][44]

(c)       WALTER [de Tattershall] .  "Hugo filius Eudonis" donated land in Great Sturton to Kirkstead abbey, with the consent of "Roberti filii mei", by charter dated to [1140/50] witnessed by "Alano de Creun, Waltero et Andrea filiis meis…"[45].  "Robertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the donations of land at "Nortbeltesholm…" by "Hugo pater meus" to Kirkstead abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Gaufrido capellano, Roberto presbitero de Martuna, Waltero et Andrea fratribus meis, Roberto filio Symonis"[46].  "Walterus filius Hugonis" granted revenue from land in Kirky on Bain to Kirkstead abbey, with the consent of "Walterii filii mei", by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II witnessed by "Rogero filio Hugonis, Waltero filio meo…"[47]m ---.  The name of Walter’s wife is not known.  Walter & his wife had one child: 

(1)       WALTER [de Tattershall] .  "Roberto filio Hugonis et Rogero fratre eius, Isabella uxore Roberti filii Hugonis, Philippo et Roberto et Rogero filiis eius, Waltero filio Walteri filio Hugonis, Gaufrido capellano" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willielmus de Dentuna" donated property at "Langhage" to Kirkstead abbey[48].  "Walterus filius Hugonis" granted revenue from land in Kirky on Bain to Kirkstead abbey, with the consent of "Walterii filii mei", by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II witnessed by "Rogero filio Hugonis, Waltero filio meo…"[49]

(d)       ANDREW [de Tattershall] .  "Hugo filius Eudonis" donated land in Great Sturton to Kirkstead abbey, with the consent of "Roberti filii mei", by charter dated to [1140/50] witnessed by "Alano de Creun, Waltero et Andrea filiis meis…"[50].  "Robertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the donations of land at "Nortbeltesholm…" by "Hugo pater meus" to Kirkstead abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Gaufrido capellano, Roberto presbitero de Martuna, Waltero et Andrea fratribus meis, Roberto filio Symonis"[51]

(e)       WILLIAM FitzHugh .  "Robertus filius Hugonis filii Eudonis de Tateshala" agreed to the transfer of Kirkstead abbey to a larger site by charter dated to [1187] witnessed by "…Willelmus filius Hugonis, Willelmus de Dentuna fratres mei, Willelmus filius Iuonis…"[52]

(f)        [WILLIAM de Denton .  "Robertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the donation of "bosco…Langhage" by "Willielmus de Dentuna frater meus" to Kirkstead abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogero filio Hugonis, Isabella uxore mea…"[53].  It is not known whether William de Denton was a full brother or uterine brother of Robert FitzHugh.  "Robertus filius Hugonis filii Eudonis de Tateshala" agreed to the transfer of Kirkstead abbey to a larger site by charter dated to [1187] witnessed by "…Willelmus filius Hugonis, Willelmus de Dentuna fratres mei, Willelmus filius Iuonis…"[54].] 

ii)         [WILLIAM FitzIvo .  "Robertus filius Hugonis filii Eudonis de Tateshala" agreed to the transfer of Kirkstead abbey to a larger site by charter dated to [1187] witnessed by "…Willelmus filius Hugonis, Willelmus de Dentuna fratres mei, Willelmus filius Iuonis…"[55].] 

 

 

ROBERT [de Tattershall], son of HUGH Brito & his wife --- (-before 1185).  A manuscript records the foundation of Kirkstead abbey, Lincolnshire in 1139 by “domino Hugone Bretone…natione Brito…cujus nomen Brito in Hugonem filium Eudonis domini de Tateshale mutatur", and that he had "filium et hæredum…Robertum filium Hugonis"[56].  "Roberto filio Hugonis et Rogero fratre eius, Isabella uxore Roberti filii Hugonis, Philippo et Roberto et Rogero filiis eius, Waltero filio Walteri filio Hugonis, Gaufrido capellano" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willielmus de Dentuna" donated property at "Langhage" to Kirkstead abbey[57].  "Robertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the donation of "bosco…Langhage" by "Willielmus de Dentuna frater meus" to Kirkstead abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogero filio Hugonis, Isabella uxore mea…"[58].  "Robertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the donations of land at "Nortbeltesholm…" by "Hugo pater meus" to Kirkstead abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Gaufrido capellano, Roberto presbitero de Martuna, Waltero et Andrea fratribus meis, Roberto filio Symonis"[59].  "Robertus filius Hugonis filii Eudonis de Tateshala" agreed to the transfer of Kirkstead abbey to a larger site by charter dated to [1187] witnessed by "…Willelmus filius Hugonis, Willelmus de Dentuna fratres mei, Willelmus filius Iuonis…"[60]

m ISABEL, daughter of WILLIAM FitzWalter de Welle of Wells and Claxby, Norfolk & his wife Matilda de Gand ([1134/35]-after 1212).  "Roberto filio Hugonis et Rogero fratre eius, Isabella uxore Roberti filii Hugonis, Philippo et Roberto et Rogero filiis eius, Waltero filio Walteri filio Hugonis, Gaufrido capellano" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willielmus de Dentuna" donated property at "Langhage" to Kirkstead abbey[61].  "Robertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the donation of "bosco…Langhage" by "Willielmus de Dentuna frater meus" to Kirkstead abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogero filio Hugonis, Isabella uxore mea…"[62].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records that "uxor Roberti filii Hugonis…filia Willelmi filii Walteri de Welle" was 50 years old and had "x pueros", and in a later passage names her “Elisabeth que fuit uxor Roberti filii Hugonis” and her property "in Meltesbi…de maritagio suo, de feodo Willelmi filii Walteri" whose daughter he had married, with land "de honore Peverelli…terra…de Toleshunt"[63].  The Testa de Nevill records that in 1212 "Robertus de Tateshala" held land "in capite de domino rege in Candluobi" in Lincolnshire which "Elysabet mater predicti Roberti…tenet in dote"[64].  

Robert & his wife had ten children: 

1.         PHILIP [de Tattershall] (-[1197/1200]).  "Roberto filio Hugonis et Rogero fratre eius, Isabella uxore Roberti filii Hugonis, Philippo et Roberto et Rogero filiis eius, Waltero filio Walteri filio Hugonis, Gaufrido capellano" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willielmus de Dentuna" donated property at "Langhage" to Kirkstead abbey[65].  Sheriff of Lincolnshire 1197. 

2.         [JOHN [de Tattershall] .  A manuscript records that "Robertum filium Hugonis" was succeeded by "Johannes filius eiusdem Roberti et hæres", who had "fratrum…Robertum et…filium et hæredum…Walterum", the last-named being succeeded by "alius Walterus filius et hæres primi Walteri" who was in turn succeeded by "Robertus filius et hæres eiusdem Walteri"[66].  This affiliation appears disproved by the other primary sources which are quoted below.] 

3.         ROBERT [de Tattershall] (-before 6 Sep 1212).  A manuscript which records the foundation of Kirkstead abbey, Lincolnshire states that "Robertum filium Hugonis" was succeeded by "Johannes filius eiusdem Roberti et hæres" who had "fratrum…Robertum et…filium et hæredum…Walterum"[67].  "Robertus filius Stephani camerarii" confirmed a donation to Kirkstead abbey of property in Swinethorpe by charter dated to the late 12th century witnessed by "…Roberto filio Roberti de Tatersala…"[68].  "Roberto filio Hugonis et Rogero fratre eius, Isabella uxore Roberti filii Hugonis, Philippo et Roberto et Rogero filiis eius, Waltero filio Walteri filio Hugonis, Gaufrido capellano" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willielmus de Dentuna" donated property at "Langhage" to Kirkstead abbey[69].  "Rob de Tadeshal" paid a fine for "terre ex dono Rog avunculi sui" in Lincolnshire, dated [1199/1200][70].  "Robertus de Tateshale" donated revenue from "molendino meo de Wyttun" to St Bees by undated charter[71].  The Testa de Nevill records that in 1212 "Robertus de Tateshala" held land "in capite de domino rege in Candluobi" in Lincolnshire which "Elysabet mater predicti Roberti…tenet in dote"[72].  King John confirmed "custodiam terre et heredum Roberti de Tateshal" to "Willelmo com Arundel", reserving to the king "maritagium Roes que fuit uxor eiusdem Roberti", by charter dated 5 Oct 1212[73]m (1202 or before) as her first husband, ROSE, daughter of SIMON de Wahull of Odell, Bedfordshire & his wife --- (-before 5 Oct 1221).  King John confirmed "custodiam terre et heredum Roberti de Tateshal" to "Willelmo com Arundel", reserving to the king "maritagium Roes que fuit uxor eiusdem Roberti", by charter dated 5 Oct 1212[74].  She married secondly ([Sep 1213]) Robert de Lisle.  "Robertus de Insula" paid a fine to marry "Roes q fuit uxor Roberti de Tateshal" in Canterbury, dated 1213[75].  The lands of "Rose who was the wife of Robert of Tattershall of the honour of Richmond" were to be restored to "Robert de Lisle, who later had Rose to wife" so that the testament of Rose may be executed, dated [Oct] 1221[76].  Robert & his wife had children: 

a)         children (-after 5 Oct 1212).  King John confirmed "custodiam terre et heredum Roberti de Tateshal" to "Willelmo com Arundel", reserving to the king "maritagium Roes que fuit uxor eiusdem Roberti", by charter dated 5 Oct 1212[77]

4.         ROGER [de Tattershall] .  "Roberto filio Hugonis et Rogero fratre eius, Isabella uxore Roberti filii Hugonis, Philippo et Roberto et Rogero filiis eius, Waltero filio Walteri filio Hugonis, Gaufrido capellano" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willielmus de Dentuna" donated property at "Langhage" to Kirkstead abbey[78]

5.         WALTER de Tattershall (-[1199/1200]).  A manuscript records that "Robertum filium Hugonis" was succeeded by "Johannes filius eiusdem Roberti et hæres", who had "fratrum…Robertum et…filium et hæredum…Walterum", the last-named being succeeded by "alius Walterus filius et hæres primi Walteri" who was in turn succeeded by "Robertus filius et hæres eiusdem Walteri"[79].  This affiliation appears disproved by the other primary sources which are quoted here.  m (after 1186) as her second husband, ISOLDA Pantulf, widow of HUGH de Montpinçon, daughter of WILLIAM [IV] Pantulf of Breedon-on-the-Hill, Leicestershire & his wife Joan de Goldington (-after 1267).  She married thirdly (before May 1200) as his --- wife Walter de Baskerville, fourthly (before 1213) Henry Bisset, and fifthly ([1216/22]) as his second wife, Amaury [I] de Saint-Amand.  An order was made 12 Jul 1223 for the confiscation of land "formerly of Isolda Pantulf, mother of…Robert of Tattershall" to repay her debt to the king[80].  Walter & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Tattershall (-16 Jul 1249).  A manuscript which records the foundation of Kirkstead abbey, Lincolnshire states that "alius Walterus filius et hæres primi Walteri" was succeeded by "Robertus filius et hæres eiusdem Walteri"[81].  An order dated 11 Jul 1223 suspended execution against "Robert of Tattershall for the debt of Robert de Tattershall his grandfather"[82].  The Pipe Roll 1223 includes land of “Ysouda de Baskervill Robert de Tateshal pro ea...pro habenda hereditate et dote ipsius Ysoude” in Warwickshire/Leicestershire[83].  A writ dated 28 Jul "33 Hen III", after the death of "Robert de Tateshal" names "Sir Robert his son aged 26 is his heir", noting that he died "on Friday before St Margaret last", and listing his manors in Norfolk and Lincolnshire[84]m firstly (before 1222) MATILDA de Albini, daughter of WILLIAM de Albini Earl of Arundel & his wife Mabel of Chester (-[1238/42]).  The Annales Londonienses name "Mabiliam, Nicholaam, Ceciliam et Isabellam" as the four daughters of "secunda…Mabillia…uxor comitis de Arundelle", specifying that "Mabiliam" married "Roberto de Tateshale"[85]m secondly (1242 or before) --- de Grey, daughter of JOHN de Grey & his wife ---.  Robert & his first wife had children: 

i)          ROBERT de Tattershall ([1222/23]-[Tattershall Castle] 22 Jul 1273).  The Annales Londonienses name "Robertum de Tateshale" as the son of "Roberto de Tateshale" & his wife[86].  A writ dated 28 Jul "33 Hen III", after the death of "Robert de Tateshal" names "Sir Robert his son aged 26 is his heir"[87].  He inherited the castle and manor of Buckenhall, Norfolk on the death of his maternal uncle[88].  A writ dated 16 and 19 Aug "1 Edw I", after the death of "Robert de Tateshale alias de Tatheshale", names "Robert his son aged 24 on the eve of St Nicholas in the said year is his next heir"[89]m (before 1249) NICOLE, daughter of --- (-after 30 May 1277).  Robert & his wife had children: 

(a)       ROBERT de Tattershall (5 Dec 1248-before 8 Sep 1298).  A writ dated 16 and 19 Aug "1 Edw I", after the death of "Robert de Tateshale alias de Tatheshale", names "Robert his son aged 24 on the eve of St Nicholas in the said year is his next heir"[90].  He was summoned to parliament in 1297, whereby he is held to have become Lord Tattershall.  m ([before 1268]) JOAN, daughter RALPH FitzRandulf of Middleham & his wife Anastasia de Percy (-before 1 Apr 1310).  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Mariam, Johannam" as the children of "Radulphum filium Ranulphi" and his wife "Anastasia filia Wilelmi domini de Percy", adding that Joan married "domini Roberti Tateshale" but died childless[91]

-         LORDS TATTERSHALL[92]

 

 

 

 

TOSNY

 

 

ROGER [III] de Tosny, son of RAOUL [IV] Seigneur de Tosny & his wife Adelisa of Huntingdon ([1104]-after 29 Sep 1158).  His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[93].  Henry I King of England confirmed the foundation of Conches by "Rogerius senior de Toenio et filius eius Radulphus senex et Radulphus juvenis filius prædicti Radulphi senis et Rogerius filius Radulphi juvenis", quoting the donation by "Rogerus de Totteneio filius Radulphi junioris", dated to [1130][94].  In prison 1136/37.  “Aliz de Toeni” donated "ecclesiam de Welcomstowe" to “ecclesiæ S. Trinitatis Lond.”, for the soul of “…et pro incolumitate filiorum meorum Rogeri de Toeni et Simonis et filiæ meæ Isabellæ", by undated charter[95].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of Conches abbey, including donations by "Rogeris senior de Toenio et filius eius Radulfus senex et Radulphus juvenis filius predicti Radulphi senex et Roger filius Radulphi juvenis", by charter dated 1165 or [1167/73][96].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of Conches abbey, including donations by "Rogeris senior de Toenio et filius eius Radulfus senex et Radulphus juvenis filius predicti Radulphi senex et Roger filius Radulphi juvenis", by charter dated 1165 or [1167/73][97].  The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Rogo de Toeni" in Norfolk and Suffolk, "in Holcha"[98]

m (before 9 Aug 1138) GERTRUDE [Ida] de Hainaut, daughter of BAUDOUIN III Comte de Hainaut & his wife Yolande van Geldern.  The Chronicon Hanoniense refers to one of the daughters of "Balduinus comes Hanoniensis" & his wife as wife of "domino de Thoenio", in a later passage naming their children "Radulphum primum [filium Rogerum], Rogerum secundum et Balduinum tercium et Gaufridum quartum clericum"[99].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that Henry I King of England had granted "xx libratas terre in Bercolt" in Norfolk to "Rogero de Tooni…in maritagio cum filia comitis de Henou"[100].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. 

Roger [III] & his wife had four children: 

1.         RAOUL [V] de Tosny (-1162).  The Chronicon Hanoniense names (in order) "Radulphum primum [filium Rogerum], Rogerum secundum et Balduinum tercium et Gaufridum quartum clericum" as the children of "[Rogerum] domino de Thoenio" & his wife[101].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1162 of "Radulfus de Toene"[102]m (after 1155) MARGUERITE de Beaumont, daughter of ROBERT [II] Earl of Leicester & his wife Amice de Gaël ([1125]-after 1185).  Robert of Torigny refers to the wife of "Radulfus de Toene" as "filia Roberti comitis Leccestriæ" but does not name her[103].  The 1163/64 Pipe Roll records "Margareta uxor Rad de Toeni" making payment "de Suppl de Welcumesto" in Essex/Hertfordshire[104].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Margareta de Tony…lx annorum” and her land “in Welcumestowe"[105].  Raoul [V] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         ROGER [IV] de Tosny (-after 29 Dec 1208).  Robert of Torigny records that "parvulo filio" succeeded in 1162 on the death of his father "Radulfus de Toene" but does not name him[106].  Seigneur de Tosny.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Rogerus de Tony" paying "xl s" in Sussex[107]

-        see below

b)         [RALPH de Tosny of Holkham, co Norfolk (-before 1184).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Radulfus de Tonay ii m" in Sussex in [1167/68][108].]  m ADA de Chaumont, daughter of ROBERT de Chaumont & his wife --- (-after 1184).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Holkham…de feodo Rogeri de Tony” held by “Ade de Tony…fuit Roberti de Chaumunt”, adding that she has “i filium Baldewinum…xv annorum et…v filias[109].  A charter dated 25 Sep 1188 confirms the foundation of Dodnash Priory, Suffolk by "Baldewin de Toeni et dna Alda mr sua"[110].  Ralph & his wife had one child: 

i)          BALDWIN de Tosny ([1169]-after 1210).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Holkham…de feodo Rogeri de Tony” held by “Ade de Tony…fuit Roberti de Chaumunt”, adding that she has “i filium Baldewinum…xv annorum et…v filias[111].  A charter dated 25 Sep 1188 confirms the foundation of Dodnash Priory, Suffolk by "Baldewin de Toeni et dna Alda mr sua"[112]m --- Bardolf, daughter of THOMAS BARDOLF of Bradwell, Essex & his wife ---.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that "Willelmus frater regis H[enrici]" gave land at "Bradewelle" in Essex to "Thomas Bardulf" who gave three parts thereof with "tres filiabus suis in maritagio…Roberto de Sancto Remigio et Willelmo Bacun et Baldewino de Tony", which "Baldewinus de Thony" still held in [1210/12][113].  Baldwin & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ROGER

ii)         five daughters .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Holkham…de feodo Rogeri de Tony” held by “Ade de Tony…fuit Roberti de Chaumunt”, adding that she has “i filium Baldewinum…xv annorum et…v filias[114]

2.         ROGER de Tosny .  The Chronicon Hanoniense names (in order) "Radulphum primum [filium Rogerum], Rogerum secundum et Balduinum tercium et Gaufridum quartum clericum" as the children of "[Rogerum] domino de Thoenio" & his wife[115].  

3.         BAUDOUIN de Tosny (-1170).  The Chronicon Hanoniense names (in order) "Radulphum primum [filium Rogerum], Rogerum secundum et Balduinum tercium et Gaufridum quartum clericum" as the children of "[Rogerum] domino de Thoenio" & his wife[116].  He had descendants in Hainaut[117]

4.         GEOFFROY de Tosny .  The Chronicon Hanoniense names (in order) "Radulphum primum [filium Rogerum], Rogerum secundum et Balduinum tercium et Gaufridum quartum clericum" as the children of "[Rogerum] domino de Thoenio" & his wife[118].  Monk. 

 

 

ROGER [IV] de Tosny, son of RAOUL [V] de Tosny & his wife Marguerite de Beaumont (-after 29 Dec 1208).  Robert of Torigny records that "parvulo filio" succeeded in 1162 on the death of his father "Radulfus de Toene" but does not name him[119].  Seigneur de Tosny.  “Rogerus de Tony” donated property to Flamstead Abbey, Hertfordshire, for the souls of “…uxoris meæ Constantiæ”, by undated charter[120].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Rogerus de Tony" paying "xl s" in Sussex[121]

m (before 22 Sep 1199) CONSTANCE de Beaumont, daughter of RICHARD [I] Vicomte de Beaumont-au-Maine & his wife Lucie de Laigle (-2 Oct 1236 or after).  “Rogerus de Tony” donated property to Flamstead Abbey, Hertfordshire, for the souls of “…uxoris meæ Constantiæ”, by undated charter[122].  King John confirmed the grant of "Aielrichescote…in Devonia in parochia de Sustauton", made by King Henry I to "Constancie filie sue et avie…predicte Constancie in liberum maritagium", to "Constancie de Toen filie Ric vic de Bellomonte consanguinee nostre" by charter dated 22 Sep 1199[123].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "uxor quæ fuit Rogeri de Toeni quæ habet custodiam hæredis" holding one knight’s fee "Stantford in hundredo de Caudone" in Wiltshire in [1210/12][124].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Constancia de Touny" held "manerium de Suthtaut" in Devon, which King Henry I had granted to "Roscelino de Bello Monte in maritagium cum Constancia filia sua", adding that later "Ricardus de Bello Monte filius Roscelini" had granted the manor to "Rogero de Tony in maritagium cum Constancia filia sua"[125].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "VI Non Oct" of "Constantia de Togné soror Guillelmi de Bellomonte episcopi nostri et mater Richardi de Togné thesaurarius nostri"[126]

Roger [IV] & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         RAOUL [VI] de Tosny of Castle Maud, Radnorshire (-at sea [29] Sep 1239).  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land from the king in Hertfordshire, dated to [1204/12]: "Radulfus de Tony" held land "in Flamstede"[127].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Radulfus de Toany" holding property "Flamstede" in Essex, and four knights’ fees and parts "in Estham, Rudmerlega, La Bereve, Warneslega, La More, Scravelega, Sendeslega" in Worcestershire in [1210/12][128].  Henry III King of England granted property "Radulfo de Thoeny", which King John had granted to "Rogero de Thoeny patri ipsius Radulfi", dated 11 Jun 1229[129].  Matthew Paris records the death "in mari...circa festum sancti Michaelis” 1239 of “Radulphus de Thoni[130]m (Sep [1232/34]) as her first husband, PERNEL de Lacy, daughter of WALTER de Lacy Lord of Meath & his wife [Margery de Briouse] (-after 25 Oct 1288).  She married secondly (before 15 Oct 1256) Guillaume de Saint-Omer.  Raoul [VI] & his wife had three children: 

a)         ROGER [V] de Tosny (29 Sep 1235-[10 Jun 1263/14 May 1264]).  A writ dated 18 Jun "48 Hen III", after the death of "Roger de de Tony alias de Thony", lists his manors but does not name his heirs[131]m firstly ALICE de Bohun, daughter of HUMPHREY de Bohun Earl of Hereford & his wife Mathilde de Valence (-bur Llanthony Priory).  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Matildis..Alicia” as the first two of the four daughters of “Henricus [mistake for Humfredus] quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam comitis de Ewe in Normannia”, adding that Alice married “domino de Thonye” and was buried at Lanthony[132].  A manuscript in Aske’s collections names “…the Ladi Alice of Tonny daughter of Humfre of Bohum the vth…” among those buried at Lanthony Priory[133].  m secondly (before 1255) ISABEL, daughter of --- (-after Feb 1265).  Roger [V] & his second wife had one child: 

i)          RAOUL [VII] de Tosny (1255-before 29 Jul 1295).  m (before 1276) MARY, daughter of --- (-after 1283).  Raoul [VII] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       ROBERT de Tosny (Thornby, Scotland 4 Apr 1276-before 28 Nov 1309).  He was summoned to parliament in 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord Tosny/Tony.  m (contract 28 Apr 1293, after 2 May 1293) MATILDA of Strathearn, daughter of MALISE Earl of Strathearn & his wife Agnes Comyn (-[1340/48]).  A charter dated 2 May 1293 records the recognisance of "Radulpho de Tony…versus Malisium comitem de Stratherne" (respecting his marriage, although the document does not specify that this is the case)[134]

(b)       daughter .  m ([1 Mar 1295]) ROBERT Tybetot, son of --- (-[1 Mar 1295/1 Mar 1297]). 

(c)       ALICE de Tosny ([1282/85]-[7 Nov 1324/8 Jan 1325]).  The will of "Guy de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick", dated 28 Jul 1316, bequeathed property to "Alice my wife...Maud my daughter...Elizabeth my daughter...Thomas my son...John my son"[135]m firstly THOMAS de Leyburn, son of --- (-before 30 May 1307).  m secondly ([12 Jan/28 Feb] 1310) GUY de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, son of WILLIAM de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick & his wife Matilda FitzJohn ([1270/71]-Warwick 28 Jul 1316, bur Bordsley).  m thirdly ([26 Oct 1315/25 Feb 1317]) as his first wife, WILLIAM La Zouche Lord Zouche of Mortimer, son of ROBERT de Mortimer of Richard’s Castle, Herefordshire & his wife Joyce la Zouche (-28 Feb 1337, bur Tewkesbury Abbey). 

b)         CONSTANCE de Tosny (-after 11 Feb 1266)m [as his second wife,] FULK [IV] FitzWarin, son of FULK [III] FitzWarin & his first wife Matilda le Vavasour (-killed in battle Lewes 14 May 1264). 

c)         ALICE de Tosny .  Pope Nicholas IV granted dispensation to “Walter de Bello Campo” and “Alice daughter of Ralph de Tonny to remain in the marriage they contracted in ignorance that they were related in the fourth degree of kindred”, and declared “their offspring legitimate”, dated 23 Sep 1289[136]m WALTER de Beauchamp, son of [WILLIAM [IV] de Beauchamp & his wife Isabel Mauduit. 

2.         ROGER de Tosny (-Reading Jan [1227/28]). 

3.         RICHARD de Tosny (-1252). 

4.         [MARGUERITE de Tosny (-16/17 Jan after 1246)[137]m [as his third wife,] MALCOLM Macduff Earl of Fife, son of DUNCAN Macduff Earl of Fife & his wife Ada/Ela --- (-1228, bur Culross [Kilenross] Abbey[138]).] 

 

 

 

 

TOTNES

 

 

1.         ALUREDm ---.  The name of Alured’s wife is not known.  Alured & his wife had one child: 

a)         JUHEL de Totnes (-[1099/1129]).  [“…Whali [Rahel?] filii Aluredi…” witnessed the charter dated 1082 under which William I King of England granted land at Covenham to the church of St Calais[139].  It appears likely that "Whali" is a transcription error for "Juheli".]  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Joelis filii Aluredi” founded Barnstaple Priory[140].  His name suggests Breton origin.  Domesday Book records “Iudichael of Totnes” holding numerous properties in Devonshire, and Froxton in Cornwall[141].  “Juhellus filius Aluredi” founded Totness Priory by undated charter, dated to the reign of William II King of England[142].  An undated charter records that King William II expelled “Juhello de Totenesio" from "hæreditatem eius" and granted it to "Rogerio de Novant” founded Totness Priory by undated charter, dated to the reign of William II King of England[143]m --- de Picquigny, daughter of ---.  A "sœur de Guermond de Picquigny, mariée en Angleterre avec un riche seigneur nommé Joelle de Totenes" is referred to in the De Miraculis sanctæ Mariæ Laudunensis[144].  Juhel & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          ALURED (-after 1136).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Alur fil Johel" accounting for "terre patris sui" in Devonshire[145].  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Aluredo filio Joelis" held out against the king, after helping his friend Baldwin de Reviers at the siege of Exeter, following the surrender of most of his followers, dated to [1136][146]

ii)         ELEANOR .  "Philippus de Brausia" confirmed the donations to the church of Saints Gervais et Protais de Briouze, by "pater eius Guillemus de Brausia", by charter dated 5 Jan [1096], with the consent of "uxor eius Aanor et Guillelmus filius suus"[147].  Her parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Willielmus de Braosa” confirmed donations to Barnstaple Priory by "Johelis avi sui" by undated charter[148]m PHILIP [I] de Briouse, son of GUILLAUME [I] de Briouse & his wife --- ([1060/70]-[1131/39]). 

iii)        [daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   It is probably speculative, designed to explain how the Tracy family held part of the honour of Barnstaple (the other part of which was in the hands of the Briouse family, inherited through Juhel de Totnes’s recorded daughter Eleanor): the 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Oliverus de Traci…pro parte sua de honore de Berdestapl" in Devonshire[149]Domesday Descendants comments that the honour of Barnstaple "probably came to [Henry de Tracy] by grant of King Stephen, against whom Alfred [fitz Juhel] had fought in the previous year, though the possibility that his wife was a sister of Alfred cannot be excluded"[150].  Stapleton is more specific, stating that Oliver de Tracy held "a moiety of the Honour of Barnstaple…through the grant of King Stephen to his father Henry de Tracy, but which grant had been made to the prejudice of the heir of the former possessor Joel son of Alured, who was the grandfather of William de Briouze"[151]m --- de Tracy, son of ---.] 

 

 

 

 

TRACY

 

 

Loyd says that “the actual place from which the family took its name is a difficult question.  At first sight there is much to be said for Tracy-sur-Mer (Calvados, arrondissement Bayeux, canton Ryes)...[but] it is shown by the Bayeux Inquest of 1133 that [it] was then held by William Picot, [therefore] such a theory becomes untenable.  Two other places of the name remain – Tracy-Bocage (Calvados, arrondissement Caen, canton Villers-Bocage) and Tracy a fief in Neuville (Calvados, arrondissement and canton Vire).  As regards the first it lies wide of any of the ascertained lands of the family...[the second] is somewhat more hopeful...whatever the origin of the name...the Tracies were under-tenants in the département of La Manche of the comté of Mortain.  In view of this it is not without significance that Stephen was count of Mortain and that Henry de Tracy of Barnstaple was the king’s most prominent and persistent adherent in Devon”[152].  The Tracy family provides yet another example of bogus descents which were fabricated in later centuries, presumably to provide more illustrious ancestors for contemporary family members.  The result for the present-day is considerable confusion and inaccurate information in many published secondary sources.  The following is an attempt at finding a way through the puzzle, but I do not claim that it provides the definitive answer to all the difficulties. 

 

 

A.      TRACY of BARNSTAPLE, DEVONSHIRE

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Tracy (-after 1110).  “William de Tracy" donated property to Mont Saint-Michel on becoming a monk there by charter dated 1110, signed by "…Guillelmi de Traceio, Rohes[ie] uxoris sue, Turgisi filii sui, Henrici filii sui, Gieve sororis sue[153]m ROHESE, daughter of --- (-after 1110).  “William de Tracy" donated property to Mont Saint-Michel on becoming a monk there by charter dated 1110, signed by "…Guillelmi de Traceio, Rohes[ie] uxoris sue, Turgisi filii sui, Henrici filii sui, Gieve sororis sue[154].  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         TURGISE [I] de Tracy (-after 1110).  “William de Tracy" donated property to Mont Saint-Michel on becoming a monk there by charter dated 1110, signed by "…Guillelmi de Traceio, Rohes[ie] uxoris sue, Turgisi filii sui, Henrici filii sui, Gieve sororis sue[155].  -          see below

b)         HENRY de Tracy of Barnstaple (-[1164/65]).  “William de Tracy" donated property to Mont Saint-Michel on becoming a monk there by charter dated 1110, signed by "…Guillelmi de Traceio, Rohes[ie] uxoris sue, Turgisi filii sui, Henrici filii sui, Gieve sororis sue[156].  “Henricus de Traci…cum filio meo Olivero” donated property to Barnstaple Priory by charter 1146[157].  The 1164/65 Pipe Roll records "Oliverus de Traci" owing ".D. m p parte sua de Honore de Barnestapl" in Devonshire, maybe indicating the recent death of his father[158]m firstly HAWISE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by an undated charter which confirms that her grandson "domini Henrici de Tracy" requested a daily mass at Pilton St James, for the souls of "Henrici de Traci avi sui et Oliveri patris sui et Hawysiæ avæ suæ"[159]m secondly (after [1130/35]) as her second husband, CECILY de Rumilly, widow of WILLIAM FitzRanulf, daughter and heiress of ROBERT de Rumilly [Romilly] of Skipton & his wife ---.  Domesday Descendants notes that Cecily de Rumilly married as her second husband "Henry de Tracy of Barnstaple", without citing the corresponding primary source, but adds that "there is no evidence to suggest that she was the mother of Henry de Tracy’s heir Oliver"[160].  Henry & his first wife had one child: 

i)          OLIVER de Tracy of Barnstaple (-after 1203).  “Henricus de Traci…cum filio meo Olivero” donated property to Barnstaple Priory by charter 1146[161].  The 1164/65 Pipe Roll records "Oliverus de Traci" owing ".D. m p parte sua de Honore de Barnestapl" in Devonshire, maybe indicating the recent death of his father[162].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Oliver de Tracy xvii l x s" in Devonshire in [1167/68][163].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Oliverus de Tracieio" with one knight "de vicecomitatu de Cerenciis" and four knights in his own service[164].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Oliverus de Traci…pro parte sua de honore de Berdestapl" in Devonshire[165].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Olyver de Tracy" among those granted delay in payment "per brevia" in Devonshire[166].  The Feet of Fines records an agreement 28 Jan 1196 settling a claim by "Will de Breosa" against "Oliver de Traci" for "medietate honoris de Bordestapl", tracing the alienations made by "predicto Olivero vel Henrico patre suo"[167].  "…Will de Traceio, Oliv de Traceio" both paid rent on land in Normandy, dated 1198[168].  "Oliver de Traci" paid a fine for "heritanda baroñ Willi de Traci" in Devonshire, dated [1199/1200][169].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Oliverus de Traci" owing in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][170].  "Lucia de Moon […terre de Moon]…Will de Traceio…versus Oliv de Traceio" all paid rent in "Ballia Constancien" in Normandy, dated 1203[171].  [m firstly ---.  No primary source has yet been identified which confirms this supposed first marriage.  However, if Eva was his known wife, and she had children by her first marriage who had not reached the age of majority by [1218/19] (see below), it is unlikely that she was the only wife of Oliver who was already old enough in 1146 to suscribe a charter with his father.]  m [secondly] [as her second husband,] EVA, widow of THOMAS de London, daughter of [FULK FitzWarin [II] & his wife Hawise de Dinan] (-after [Jun] 1222).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings, dated 1219, which includes "Eva de Trascey" holding land "in Esgarestona…in hundredo de Launburn" in Berkshire and "Bovy" in Devonshire[172].  The parentage of Eva, and her relationship to the main Tracy family shown above, has not been traced.  She could have been the widow of Oliver de Tracy.  The king ordered the sheriff of Berkshire to "take into the king’s hands" the lands of "Fulk fitz Warin and Eva de Tracy and her sister on account of the son and heir of Thomas de London, who they detain from the king", dated to [1218/19][173].  This document suggests that Eva was closely related to Fulk FitzWarin [III], maybe his sister.  Her first marriage is confirmed by an order to the sheriff of Devon to take "the daughter and heiress of Thomas of London [if] found in his bailiwick" and "if she has been abducted out of the bailiwick" to confiscate the lands of "Eva de Tracy her mother", dated to [1218/19][174].  "Eva de Tracy" paid a fine for "having a weekly market…at her manor of Bovey", dated 23 Oct 1219[175].  "William Crassus the first-born" paid a fine to marry "the daughter and heiress of Thomas de London", dated to [Dec] 1219[176].  "Eva de Tracy" made a fine for marrying "Hawise her daughter…without licence", dated [Jun] 1222[177].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Eva de Tracy...quia maritavit Hawisam filiam suam sine licencia R. que fuit de donatione sue” owing in “Nova Oblata” in Devon[178].  “Paganus de Cadurcis filius et hæres dominæ Hawisiæ de Londonia” donated land to Whiteland, Carmarthenshire, for the souls of “dominorum Thomæ de Londonia, Patricii de Cadurcis, Will. et Mauricii de Londonia, Warini de Bassingburne, dominæ Evæ de Tracy, Aleys et Gundre defunctorum”, by charter dated May 1270, witnessed by “dominis Patricio et Hernico militibus, fratribus nostris[179].  Oliver & his second wife had one child: 

(a)       HENRY de Tracy (-before 21 Aug 1274).  An undated charter confirms that "domini Henrici de Tracy" requested a daily mass at Pilton St James, for the souls of "Henrici de Traci avi sui et Oliveri patris sui et Hawysiæ avæ suæ"[180].  "Henr de Trascy" is named among the guarantors for a pledge of "Roberti de Ferariis" for a fine for "hnda fil Willelmi de Boclaund cum hereditate sua", dated [Oct] 1216[181].  An order dated 2 Apr 1219 records "Henry de Tracy" repaying part of a debt[182].  The Pipe Roll 1223 includes land of “Henricus de Tracy...de dimidio feodo quod est in manu R. de feodis Oliveri de Tracy” in Devon[183].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 21 Aug "2 Edw I" following the death of "Henry de Tracy" name “Maud daughter of his daughter whom Geoffrey de Caunville lately took to wife aged 31 at Christmas in the said year is his next heir”, adding that “he had a daughter Eva married to Guy de Bryane from whom was born Maud whom Geoffrey de Caunvile lately married” and list the deceased’s properties in Barnstaple and numerous other places in Devonshire[184]m [MATILDA [de Briouse], daughter of [WILLIAM [IV] de Briouse & his wife Matilda ---].  Drake, in a short Braose pedigree, records that “Loretta countess of Leicester” [daughter of William [III] de Briouse, see above] granted “the manor and advowson of Tawstock, co. Devon” to “her niece Matilda and the heirs of her body”, citing a writ dated 1391 and adding that the same document confirms that William [IV] de Briouse was the grantor’s brother[185].  He also states that Matilda, the grantee, married “Henry de Tracy Lord of Barnstaple, ob. 2 Edw I (1273-4)”, but does not cite the primary source which confirms that this marriage is correct.  However, he does record the manor of Tawstock (presumably Tavistock) was later held by the second husband of Matilda, daughter of Eva de Tracy and heir of Henry de Tracy according to the inquisitions quoted above.  From a chronological point of view, the proposal appears possible..]  Henry & his wife had two children: 

(1)       EVA de Tracy (-before 21 Aug 1274).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 21 Aug "2 Edw I" following the death of "Henry de Tracy" name “Maud daughter of his daughter whom Geoffrey de Caunville lately took to wife aged 31 at Christmas in the said year is his next heir”, adding that “he had a daughter Eva married to Guy de Bryane from whom was born Maud whom Geoffrey de Caunvile lately married[186]m GUY de Brian of Laugharne, co. Carmarthen, son of --- (-1307). 

(2)       HENRY de Tracy ([May] [1237/38]-before 1274).  A writ dated 10 Jan "33 Hen III", after the death of "Gunnora de la Mare" names "Henry, son of Henry Tracy her uncle, aged 13 at Whitsunday, 35 Hen III, and a son of Henry de la Mare, whose name is unknown, aged 15, are variously stated to be her heir" and "Elveiscot alias Elfeiscot, Alfiscot [Oxford]…Winterburne [Wiltshire]"[187]

2.         GEVA (-after 1110).  “William de Tracy" donated property to Mont Saint-Michel on becoming a monk there by charter dated 1110, signed by "…Guillelmi de Traceio, Rohes[ie] uxoris sue, Turgisi filii sui, Henrici filii sui, Gieve sororis sue[188]

 

 

1.         FARAMUS de Tracy (-after 4 Jan 1219).  "Farramus de Tracy" paid a fine "for having a pone" in a claim against "Ralph de Satchville" relating to land "in Broad Clyst" in Devonshire, dated 4 Jan 1219[189]

 

 

TURGISE [I] de Tracy, son of WILLIAM de Tracy & his wife Rohese --- (-after 1110).  “William de Tracy" donated property to Mont Saint-Michel on becoming a monk there by charter dated 1110, signed by "…Guillelmi de Traceio, Rohes[ie] uxoris sue, Turgisi filii sui, Henrici filii sui, Gieve sororis sue[190]

m ---.  The name of Turgise’s wife is not known. 

Turgise [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         [WILLIAM de Tracy (-[1172/1200]).  The parentage of William de Tracy has not been confirmed beyond doubt.  However, the various sources quoted below, as well as the apparent repetition of the name Turgise in the family, indicate that he was probably the son of Turgise [I] de Tracy.  Lord of the barony of Bradnich, Devon[191].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Martin de Troarn, including donations by "…Willelmi de Traceio…" of "molendinum de Trebuchet et decimum molendinorum suorum de Sancto Vigore", by charter dated to [1155/57][192].  A charter dated to [1154/87] records that “W[illiam] de Traceio" built a house for lepers "at Coismas” but assigned its revenues to "Alan the clerk brother to the said W[illiam]"[193].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus de Tracy" held one knight’s fee from the bishop of Exeter in Devon[194].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus de Tracy xvii l x s" in Devonshire in [1167/68][195].  "…Willelmo de Traci…Ricardo Britone" subscribed the charter dated 1168 under which Henry II King of England confirmed the property "in manerio de Hinton" of "Roberto de Basoges" granted to him by "comes Conanus"[196].  He was one of the murderers of Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury.  Ralph de Diceto’s Ymagines Historiarum record that “Willelmus de Traci, Reginaldus filius Ursi, Hugo de Morevilla, Ricardus Brito” murdered the archbishop at Canterbury in 1171 and relate the subsequent events in detail[197].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "militum…Richardus Brito, Hugo de Morevilla, Renaldus Ursus et Guillelmus de Traci" as the murderers of Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury[198].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Willelmus de Traceio" with one knight "de baillia de Basseis" and five knights in his own service[199].  "Hugo de Corterua" confirmed the donation made by "dominus Willermus de Traci avunculus meus", before the murder of the archbishop of Canterbury, to "Alano de Traci clerico" by charter dated to [1180], witnessed by "Olivero de Traci…"[200].  "Willelmus de Pyreu" paid a fine for the lands of "terra Willelmi de Tracy sic id Will eam habuit die que obiit", at "Constanc’ et Vire", dated 1200[201].  Stapleton records that "a copy of the Roll of Infeudations subsequent to the separation of Normandy" confirms that the land in question was the same as that held by Turgise de Tracy, specifying that after "Turgisus de Traceyo…Guillelmus de Pirou habet"[202].  "Oliver de Traci" paid a fine for "heritanda baroñ Willi de Traci" in Devonshire, dated [1199/1200][203].  A writ dated 10 Nov "3 Edw I" into the manor of Morton records that "William de Tracy, who held the barony of Braneys and Morton of the king in chief, took part in the martyrdom of St Thomas of Canterbury, for which deed he went into exile and the barony became escheat of King Henry [II]"[204].]  m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [TURGISE [II] de Tracy (-after [1172]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Turgillus de Traceio ii milites et ad servitium suum viii milites" in the fief of Mortain[205].] 

b)         HENRY de Tracy (-after 1200).  "Joselinus de Pomerei" donated property to Ford abbey, Devonshire, for the souls of "…domini fratris mei Hen de Pomerei", by undated charter (maybe dated to after 1200, when William father of Henry de Tracy died) witnessed by "…Willielmo de Tracy fratre Hugonis de Courtenay, Henrico filio Willielmi de Tracy"[206].  A writ dated 10 Nov "3 Edw I" into the manor of Morton records that "William de Tracy, who held the barony of Braneys and Morton of the king in chief, took part in the martyrdom of St Thomas of Canterbury, for which deed he went into exile and the barony became escheat of King Henry [II]" and adds that "the same William had a son Henry de Tracy the hunchback (le Bozu) born in Normandy, who long after came to Geoffrey son of Peter, chief justice of England…[to recover] his inheritance, and for so doing he gave him the said manor of Morton"[207].  King John confirmed the donation of "manerio de Morton" by "Henri fil Will de Tracy" to "G. fil Pet com Essex" by charter dated 20 Jun 1200[208].  A similar donation was made 4 Nov 1200 by "Hug de Curtenay"[209]

2.         [ALAN de Tracy (-after [1180]).  A charter dated to [1154/87] records that “W[illiam] de Traceio" built a house for lepers "at Coismas” but assigned its revenues to "Alan the clerk brother to the said W[illiam]"[210].  "Hugo de Corterua" confirmed the donation made by "dominus Willermus de Traci avunculus meus" before the murder of the archbishop of Canterbury to "Alano de Traci clerico" by charter dated to [1180], witnessed by "Olivero de Traci…"[211].] 

3.         [--- de Tracy .  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the charter dated to [1180] under which her son "Hugo de Corterua" confirmed the donation made by "dominus Willermus de Traci avunculus meus", before the murder of the archbishop of Canterbury, to "Alano de Traci clerico"[212].]  m GERVAIS de Couterne, son of ---.  Nicholas Vincent suggests that "Courtenay" represents a misreading for "Couterne" in the various sources quoted in this section[213].  Gervais & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUGH de Couterne (-after May 1201).  "Hugo de Corterua" confirmed the donation made by "dominus Willermus de Traci avunculus meus", before the murder of the archbishop of Canterbury, to "Alano de Traci clerico" by charter dated to [1180], witnessed by "Olivero de Traci…"[214].  "Hugo de Curterne" owed a fee "de scutagio Willelmi de Traci" in Devonshire in 1194[215].  King John confirmed the donation of "manerio de Morton" by "Henri fil Will de Tracy" to "G. fil Pet com Essex" by charter dated 20 Jun 1200[216].  A similar donation was made 4 Nov 1200 by "Hug de Curtenay"[217].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Hug de Curtene" owing in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][218]

b)         WILLIAM de Tracy (-after 1203).  Stapleton records that "William de Traci, son of Gervasia de Courtenai" donated "land in North Chillingford which he held of Dru de Montgirum…also a feudatory in the Passeis where in 1172 Odo de Montegerol had a knights’ fee" to the canons of Torre, Devonshire[219].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Willelmus de Tracy" paying "xxv l x s, per Hugonem de Cort[enai]" in Devonshire[220].  "Will de Traceio…Lucia de Moon" both paid rent on part of "terre de Moon", dated 1198[221].  "…Will de Traceio, Oliv de Traceio" both paid rent on land in Normandy, dated 1198[222].  "Joselinus de Pomerei" donated property to Ford abbey, Devonshire, for the souls of "…domini fratris mei Hen de Pomerei", by undated charter (maybe dated to after 1200, when William father of Henry de Tracy died) witnessed by "…Willielmo de Tracy fratre Hugonis de Courtenay, Henrico filio Willielmi de Tracy"[223].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Willelmus de Traci" owing in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][224].  "Lucia de Moon […terre de Moon]…Will de Traceio…versus Oliv de Traceio" all paid rent in "Ballia Constancien" in Normandy, dated 1203[225]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          HENRY de Tracy .  Stapleton records that "Henry de Traci, son of William de Traci" donated "land of Cnutesbury…Leoford…and all the right in the land of Cliftwich which had been the marriage portion of his mother" to the church of St Mary of Ford, undated[226]

 

 

 

B.      TRACY of TODDINGTON, GLOUCESTERSHIRE

 

 

WILLIAM de Tracy of Toddington, Gloucestershire, son of JOHN de Sudeley Lord of Sudely Castle & his wife Grace de Tracy (-after [1192]).  "Willelmus de Traceio" confirmed the donation of "Thanewordam villam meam" {Yaneworthe} to Gloucester St Peter made by "Radulfus de Suthleia frater meus", and with the consent of "Radulfo fratre meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Henricus de Traceio…"[227].  Frank Barlow comments that "William [de Tracy], the second son of John de Sudeley", whom he identifies as one of the murderers of Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury, "chose to take his name from the family of his mother, Grace daughter and heir of William (I) de Tracy, lord of Bradninch in Devon and illegitimate son of King Henry I"[228].  Professor Nicholas Vincent argues convincingly that William de Tracy of Toddington could not have been the same person as the murderer William de Tracy (shown in Part A of the present chapter), highlighting that the former is named in sources after the banishment of the latter[229].  "William de Tracy of Toddington…with his son Henry" witnessed a charter, dated to [1171/75], which records a donation to Winchcombe abbey[230].  Henry II King of England confirmed donations to the abbey of Saint-Lo, Coutances, including “the gift of William de Tracy the tithe of his mills of Humeel", by charter dated to [1184/87][231].  "William de Tracy of Toddington" witnessed a charter of "Otuel de Sudeley" dated to [1192/98][232]

m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known. 

William & his wife had one child: 

1.         HENRY de Tracy .  "William de Tracy of Toddington…with his son Henry" witnessed a charter, dated to [1171/75], which records a donation to Winchcombe abbey[233].  "Willelmus de Traceio" confirmed the donation of "Thanewordam villam meam" {Yaneworthe} to Gloucester St Peter made by "Radulfus de Suthleia frater meus", and with the consent of "Radulfo fratre meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Henricus de Traceio…"[234]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM Tracy, of Toddington (-before 1226).  m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         HENRY Tracy, of Toddington .  "Henrico de Traci…" witnessed the charter dated to [1213/28] under which "Willelmus de Diglesdune" donated "terre in Quentone" to Eynsham abbey[235].  Bracton notes a claim, dated 1226, by the king against "abbatem de Forda" for "ecclesiam de Lintona…advocacionem" which notes the death of "Willelmus de Tracy" and the inheritance by "Henricus de Tracy filius suus"[236]m ---.  He was ancestor of Henry Tracy 8th Viscount Tracy who died in 1797[237]

 

 

 

 

TRESGOZ

 

 

 

Loyd suggests that the name Tresgoz comes from Troisgots, located in the canton of Tessy-sur-Vire, arrondissement Saint-Lô, in the present-day French département of Manche[238]

 

 

 

A.      TRESGOZ of ESSEX

 

 

1.         WILLIAM [I] de Tresgoz (-[1150]).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo de Tresgoz" in Essex and Norfolk[239].  “…Willielmus Tresgat…” witnessed the undated charter, dated to the reign of King Henry I, under which "Radulfus filius Briani et Emma uxor suus" founded Bresethe Priory in Suffolk[240]

 

2.         GEOFFREY de Tresgoz .  “Willielmus Martel et Albreda uxor eius et Gaufridus Martel filius eius” donated “manerium suum de Snape et de Aldeburc” to Colchester monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Gaufridus Tresgoz…"[241]

 

 

Brother and sister: 

1.         GEOFFREY de Tresgoz (-before 1185).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Galfridi de Tresgoz i militem" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1171/72][242]m firstly AGNES de Valoignes, daughter of WALTER de Valoignes of Berneye & his wife ---.  m secondly AMABILIS de Gresley, son of ROBERT de Gresley & his wife --- (-before 1185).  Her family origin is indicated by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records [her son] “Simon Tresgoz filius Gaufridi de Tresgoz…nepos Roberti de Gresley” under the guardianship of "Roberti de Luci"[243].  Geoffrey & his first wife had two children: 

a)         AGNES de Tresgoz (-after 1197).  "Geoffrey de Nerford and Agnes Tregoz" claimed against "Ralph Travers and Petronilla de Tregoz his wife" relating to land "Lawingeham…Bernei…in Norfolk and…Frienton…in Essex…", the land ordered to be divided "between the two sisters", dated [1197/98][244]m GEOFFREY de Nerford, son of ---. 

b)         PETRONILLA de Tresgoz (-after 1197).  "Geoffrey de Nerford and Agnes Tregoz" claimed against "Ralph Travers and Petronilla de Tregoz his wife" relating to land "Lawingeham…Bernei…in Norfolk and…Frienton…in Essex…", the land ordered to be divided "between the two sisters", dated [1197/98][245]m RALPH Travers, son of ---. 

Geoffrey & his second wife had two children: 

c)         WILLIAM [III] de Tresgoz ([1167/68]-after [1210/12]).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Willelmus filius Galfridi de Tresgoz”, 17 years old, under the guardianship of "Roberti de Luci" whose daughter he had married, with land "de honore Peverelli…terra…de Toleshunt"[246].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Willelmus de Tresgoz" paying "xv s, i militem et dimidium" in Norfolk, Suffolk[247].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Willelmus de Tresgoz…pro fine terre patris sui" in Essex & Hertfordshire[248].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus de Tregoz" holding two knights’ fees, one half and eight parts, "de honore Peverelli de Londonia" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1210/12][249]m (1185 or before) --- de Lucy, daughter of ROBERT de Lucy & his wife ---.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Willelmus filius Galfridi de Tresgoz”, 17 years old, under the guardianship of "Roberti de Luci" whose daughter he had married, with land "de honore Peverelli…terra…de Toleshunt"[250].  William [III] & his wife had one child: 

i)          GEOFFREY de Tresgoz (-after 1226).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Essex, dated 1219, which includes "Gaufridus filius Willelmi Tregoz debet esse in custodia domini regis et Stephanus Haring habet illum...de honore Peverelli"[251].  Bracton notes a claim, dated 1226, by "Gaufridus de Tresgoz" against "Johannem de Bretona" for land "in Legha", the defendant claiming that "Gaufridi avi predicti Gaufridi" donated "villam de Legha" to "Alano filio Henrici", while the plaintiff claimed that "Willelmus Tregoz pater suus" died seised of the land which was held by "Stephanus Harengod custos eiusdem Gaufridi dum fuit infra etatem"[252]

d)         SIMON de Tresgoz .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Simon Tresgoz filius Gaufridi de Tresgoz…nepos Roberti de Gresley” under the guardianship of "Roberti de Luci"[253]

2.         ALBREDA de Tresgoz (-after 1155).  Bigelow summarises a lawsuit brought by "Ricardus de Aneste" relating to the inheritance of "Willielmi [de Sackville] avunculi mei", recording that the latter had been betrothed to "Gaufridum de Tresgos…Albredam sororem eius", that he married "Adeliza daughter of vicecomes Aufred", that the Pope declared that second marriage void because the earlier betrothal agreement with Albreda had constituted a marriage, and that William had returned to live with his first wife until he died[254]m firstly (repudiated) as his first wife, WILLIAM de Sackville, son of ---.  m secondly (before 1155) ROBERT de Beseville, son of ---. 

 

 

3.         WILLIAM [II] de Tresgoz (-after [1172]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Willelmus de Tresgoz" with one knight and one half "in baillia Galfridi de Bleville, de Caleto"[255]

 

 

 

B.      TRESGOZ of HEREFORDSHIRE

 

 

1.         ROBERT [I] de Tresgoz (-[1213/14]).  "…Roberto de Tresgoz" subscribed the charter dated to [1181/89] under which Henry II King of England granted land to "Waltero ostiario de Camera"[256].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "feoda Huberti de Rya" paying "xvii l x s, per Robertum de Tresgoz, xxxv milites" in Norfolk, Suffolk[257].  This suggests a close family relationship between the two individuals, although this has not yet been traced.  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Roberto de Tresgoz c s in Martinesgraua de dimidio anno" in honour of Arundel[258].  "Nigell Pincebec et Alic uxor eius" paid a fine for "custodia terre et heredis Walt Biset vs Rob de Tresgoz et Sibill ux eius", in Herefordshire, dated 1204[259].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Tresgoz" holding "Alingetone" in Wiltshire, and 19 in Hereford, in [1210/12][260].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Robertus de Tresgoz" held "feodum ii militum in Septon de honore de Ewias" in Hampshire[261].  m as her first husband, SIBYLLA de Ewias, daughter of ROBERT de Ewias & his wife Petronilla --- (-before 1 Jul 1236).  She married secondly (after [1213/14]) Roger [I] Clifford of Tenbury.  “Rogerus de Clifford” requested burial at Dore abbey, Herefordshire, with the consent of "Sibillæ uxoris meæ", next to "filium suum", by undated charter, witnessed by "Ricardo de Clifford, Willielmo de Ewyas seniore, Willielmo de Ewyas juniore, filio Sibillæ"[262].  "Domina Sibilla de Ewyas filia Roberti de Ewyas" donated her mill at Ethon to Acornbury priory, Herefordshire by undated charter, witnessed by “domino Waltero de Lacy, domino Rogero de Clifford, Willielmo de Ewias…Roberto Tregoz et fratribus suis"[263].  Robert [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         ROBERT [II] de Tresgoz (-before 24 Sep 1268).  The Fine Rolls record the homage of “Robti Tresgoz fil et hered Sybil de Ewyas” 1 Jul 1236[264].  “Robert Tregoz the younger” donated “the whole fosse which is between the land which belonged to Walter de Welynton and the water which is called Duneleis” to Ewias Priory by charter dated to [1235/65] witnessed by “William my brother...[265]m (before 1 Aug 1245) JULIANE de Cauntelo, daughter of WILLIAM de Cauntelo & his wife Melisende de Gournay (-after 1282).  “Richard de Ewias son of John de Ewias” granted certain rents in Foy to “Juliana de Tregoz widow of Robert de Tregoz” by charter dated to [1265/85][266].  "Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" wrote to "son frère St Thomas de Cantlow, Euesque…de Hereford" and names her son "John Tresgoos" married "la reyne Blanch" [widow of Louis VIII King of France, such a second marriage being impossible chronologically] and had "un fils…Hugh…nostre ayle", who married "la soer le count Renaud de Boloyng", whose daughter "Milsent nostre mere" married "a Count de Euoyse en Normandy" by whom she had one son and one daughter, before marrying "Will de Cantelow nostre pere"[267].  Robert [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          JOHN de Tresgoz (-before 6 Sep 1300).  "Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" wrote to "son frère St Thomas de Cantlow, Euesque…de Hereford" and names her son "John Tresgoos" married "la reyne Blanch" [widow of Louis VIII King of France, such a second marriage being impossible chronologically] and had "un fils…Hugh…nostre ayle", who married "la soer le count Renaud de Boloyng", whose daughter "Milsent nostre mere" married "a Count de Euoyse en Normandy" by whom she had one son and one daughter, before marrying "Will de Cantelow nostre pere"[268].  He was summoned to parliament in 1297 whereby he is held to have become Lord Tresgoz.  A writ dated 6 Sep "28 Edw I", after the death of "John Tregoz alias de Tregoz", names "John la Warre his grandson (nepos) […aged 24, son of Clarice la Warre his eldest daughter who is dead…married to Roger la War] and Sibyl the wife of William de Grauntcoun (alias de Grandissono) his […younger] daughter […aged 30 and more] both aged 21 and more are his next heirs"[269]m firstly as her second husband, MABEL, widow of WILLIAM de Crèvecœur, daughter of FULK [IV] FitzWarin & his [first/second] wife [--- de Clifford/Constance de Tosny] (-before 24 May 1297).  "Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" records that her son "John Tresgoos" married "Mabill file a noble…chevalier Foulk Fitz-Warren qui avoit a feme le soer Sr Rog de Clifford"[270].  It is suggested that the last reference to Mabel’s mother as a member of the Clifford family represents an error.  If it is correct, John de Tresgoz and his wife would have been very closely related, presumably first cousins, as Roger [II] de Clifford and John de Tresgoz’s father were uterine brothers.  From a chronological point of view, it is likely that Mabel was the daughter of Fulk FitzWarin [IV], whose recorded wife was Constance de Tosny, although it is possible that she was born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage to a member of the Clifford family.  A writ dated 24 May "25 Edw I", after the death of "Mabel late the wife of John Tregoz", records in relation to Weston that it was "held in free marriage of the barony of Averenchis…[by] Maud daughter of and heir of William de Averenchis the elder…Hamo le Creveker married her and they gave the manor to William their son and heir in free marriage with the said Mabel.  This William died without heir of his body", names as heirs of "[the said Maud] Juliana daughter of John son of Agnes one of the daughters of the said Hamo and Maud aged 23 and more, John de Lenham son of Iseut the second of the daughters of the said Hamo and Maud aged 60 and more"[271]m secondly as her first husband, JOAN de Cokefield, daughter of ADAM de Cokefield of Feltwell, Norfolk and Moulton, Suffolk & his wife Joan --- (-before 7 Apr 1354).  She married secondly (before 28 Feb 1301) Laurence de Hameldene, and thirdly ([1313/14] or before) William de Beauchamp.  John & his first wife had two children: 

(a)       CLARISSA de Tresgoz (-[Apr 1289/6 Sep 1300]).  "Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" names "Clarissa" as the elder daughter of "John Tresgoos" and his wife, adding that she married "Sr Roger la Ware"[272].  A writ dated 6 Sep "28 Edw I", after the death of "John Tregoz alias de Tregoz", names "John la Warre his grandson (nepos) […aged 24, son of Clarice la Warre his eldest daughter who is dead…married to Roger la War] and Sibyl the wife of William de Grauntcoun (alias de Grandissono) his […younger] daughter […aged 30 and more] both aged 21 and more are his next heirs"[273]m (Sep 1276 or before) ROGER la Warre, son of JOHN la Warre & his wife Olimpia de Fokington (-20 Jun 1320).  He was summoned to parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord La Warre. 

(b)       SIBYLLA de Tresgoz ([before 1270]-21 Oct 1334, bur Dore Abbey)"Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" names "Sibill" as the second daughter of "John Tresgoos" and his wife, adding that she married "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon"[274].  A writ dated 6 Sep "28 Edw I", after the death of "John Tregoz alias de Tregoz", names "John la Warre his grandson (nepos) […aged 24, son of Clarice la Warre his eldest daughter who is dead…married to Roger la War] and Sibyl the wife of William de Grauntcoun (alias de Grandissono) his […younger] daughter […aged 30 and more] both aged 21 and more are his next heirs"[275]m ([1285]) WILLIAM de Grandson, son of PIERRE Sire de Grandson & his wife Agnes --- (-1335).  

ii)         --- de Tresgoz .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1265/1300] under which [his son] “John Tregoz” donated “a certain road leading from my garden, which I had from John Tregoz my uncle, to the Street which is called Vriogis-strete” to Ewias Priory[276]m ---.  One child: 

(a)       JOHN Tregoz .  “John Tregoz” donated “a certain road leading from my garden, which I had from John Tregoz my uncle, to the Street which is called Vriogis-strete” to Ewias Priory by charter dated to [1265/1300][277]

b)         JOHN de Tresgoz (-before 1235).  Bannister names John as second son of Robert [I] de Tresgoz, adding that he died before 1235, but does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[278]

c)         WILLIAM de Tresgoz .  “Rogerus de Clifford” requested burial at Dore abbey, Herefordshire, with the consent of "Sibillæ uxoris meæ", next to "filium suum", by undated charter, witnessed by "Ricardo de Clifford, Willielmo de Ewyas seniore, Willielmo de Ewyas juniore, filio Sibillæ"[279].  “Robert Tregoz the younger” donated “the whole fosse which is between the land which belonged to Walter de Welynton and the water which is called Duneleis” to Ewias Priory by charter dated to [1235/65] witnessed by “William my brother...[280].  Bannister states that William became rector of Kentchurch, but does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[281]

 

 

 

C.      TRESGOZ of GORING, SUSSEX

 

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Tresgoz (-after [1135/38]).  “...Roberto Tresgod...” witnessed the undated charter (presumably dated to before the donor’s second marriage) under which “Aelidis filia Godefridi ducis Lotharingie qui fui uxor...regis Anglie Henrici” donated land “apud Hansberge...Stantonam manerium” to Oseney St. Mary, recorded by inspeximus dated 28 Feb 1320[282]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         JOHN de Tresgoz (-[1194]).  “…Johannes Treisgoz, Philippus Treisgoz…" witnessed the charter dated 2 Feb 1158 under which "William earl of Arundel” donated "the church of St Lo of Ansleville" to Montebourg abbey[283].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Johannes de Tresgoz et Philippus iii m et dimidiam" in Sussex in [1167/68][284].  A charter dated 8 Apr 1195 records agreements between Fécamp and “John de Tresgoz" made in 1164, relating to woods at Dureshurst, Perregate and Brunnesburi, and the settlement of further disputes which arose after his death between "his son John” with the agreement of "his brothers Henry and Thomas", with "Philip his uncle" as guarantor, witnessed "ex parte Johannis: Henricus et Thomas fratres sui, Philippus de Tresgoz…Walterus de Tresgoz…"[285]m (after 1166) as her second husband, AMICE, widow of PHILIP de Leyburn, daughter of ROBERT FitzGerold & his wife Alice ---.  Dugdale summarises donations to Southwark priory, including the confirmation of the donation of “lands of Waleton” made by "Amicia de Tregoz, daughter of Robert Fitzgerald and Alice his wife, sister of Alexander, and wife first of Philip de Leyburn and then of John de Tregoz" and confirmed by "Robert de Leyborn [her son]"[286].  John & his wife had three children: 

a)         JOHN de Tresgoz (-[1197]).  A charter dated 8 Apr 1195 records agreements between Fécamp and “John de Tresgoz" made in 1164, relating to woods at Dureshurst, Perregate and Brunnesburi, and the settlement of further disputes which arose after his death between "his son John” with the agreement of "his brothers Henry and Thomas", with "Philip his uncle" as guarantor, witnessed "ex parte Johannis: Henricus et Thomas fratres sui, Philippus de Tresgoz…Walterus de Tresgoz…"[287]

b)         HENRY de Tresgoz .  A charter dated 8 Apr 1195 records agreements between Fécamp and “John de Tresgoz" made in 1164, relating to woods at Dureshurst, Perregate and Brunnesburi, and the settlement of further disputes which arose after his death between "his son John” with the agreement of "his brothers Henry and Thomas", with "Philip his uncle" as guarantor, witnessed "ex parte Johannis: Henricus et Thomas fratres sui, Philippus de Tresgoz…Walterus de Tresgoz…"[288]

c)         THOMAS de Tresgoz .  A charter dated 8 Apr 1195 records agreements between Fécamp and “John de Tresgoz" made in 1164, relating to woods at Dureshurst, Perregate and Brunnesburi, and the settlement of further disputes which arose after his death between "his son John” with the agreement of "his brothers Henry and Thomas", with "Philip his uncle" as guarantor, witnessed "ex parte Johannis: Henricus et Thomas fratres sui, Philippus de Tresgoz…Walterus de Tresgoz…"[289]

2.         PHILIP de Tresgoz (-after 8 Apr 1195).  “…Johannes Treisgoz, Philippus Treisgoz…" witnessed the charter dated 2 Feb 1158 under which "William earl of Arundel” donated "the church of St Lo of Ansleville" to Montebourg abbey[290].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Johannes de Tresgoz et Philippus iii m et dimidiam" in Sussex in [1167/68][291].  A charter dated 8 Apr 1195 records agreements between Fécamp and “John de Tresgoz" made in 1164, relating to woods at Dureshurst, Perregate and Brunnesburi, and the settlement of further disputes which arose after his death between "his son John” with the agreement of "his brothers Henry and Thomas", with "Philip his uncle" as guarantor, witnessed "ex parte Johannis: Henricus et Thomas fratres sui, Philippus de Tresgoz…Walterus de Tresgoz…"[292].  “Philippo de Tresgoz et Willielmo filio eius...” witnessed the undated charter under which “Robertus de Sancto Johanne” donated land “in Walborgetune” to Boxgrove priory[293].  “Philippo de Tresgoz, Richardo filio suo...” witnessed the undated charter under which “Willielmus de Sancto Johanne filius et heres Adæ de Port” confirmed donations to Boxgrove priory made by tenants “in honore Hannaci[294]m EMMA, daughter of ---.  A charter of Philip de Tresgoz names “his wife Emma and William his son and heir[295].  Philip & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Tresgoz .  “Philippo de Tresgoz et Willielmo filio eius...” witnessed the undated charter under which “Robertus de Sancto Johanne” donated land “in Walborgetune” to Boxgrove priory[296].  A charter of Philip de Tresgoz names “his wife Emma and William his son and heir[297]

b)         RICHARD de Tresgoz .  “Philippo de Tresgoz, Richardo filio suo...” witnessed the undated charter under which “Willielmus de Sancto Johanne filius et heres Adæ de Port” confirmed donations to Boxgrove priory made by tenants “in honore Hannaci[298]

 

 

1.         WALTER de Tresgoz (-after 8 Apr 1195).  A charter dated 8 Apr 1195 records agreements between Fécamp and “John de Tresgoz" made in 1164, relating to woods at Dureshurst, Perregate and Brunnesburi, and the settlement of further disputes which arose after his death between "his son John” with the agreement of "his brothers Henry and Thomas", with "Philip his uncle" as guarantor, witnessed "ex parte Johannis: Henricus et Thomas fratres sui, Philippus de Tresgoz…Walterus de Tresgoz…"[299]

 

 

 

 

TRUSSEBUT

 

 

1.         WILLIAM [I] Trussebutm ---.  William [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM [II] Trussebut (-[1175/76])m ALBREDA de Harcourt, daughter of [IVO] de Harcourt & his wife Rohese Peverel ([1134/35]-before 1205).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[300].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Roysia" as second of the three sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" who inherited the share of their oldest sister Matilda, adding that "de illa processit Albreda de Harecurt" who was mother of "Galfridus Trussebut, Rogerus, Robertus, Willelmus et Ricardus Trussebut", all of whom died "sine herede", and three sisters "Roysia, Hyllaria et Agatha"[301].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Alberia de Harwecurt…L annorum…iv filios” and her land “in Branteston…maritagium suum[302].  "Hillaria Trussebut" paid a fine for "terra de Branteston q fuit Albréé de Harecurt matris sue" in Northamptonshire, dated 1205[303].  William [II] & his wife had children: 

i)          GEOFFREY Trussebut (-before 1190).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[304].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of "Galfridus Trussebut, Rogerus, Robertus, Willelmus et Ricardus Trussebut", all of whom died "sine herede"[305]

ii)         ROHESE Trussebut ([1153/58]-[1194/29 Sep 1196]).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[306].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of three sisters "Roysia, Hyllaria et Agatha", adding that Rohese was mother of "Robertus de Ros senior"[307].  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievall Abbey records that “Everardum de Roos” married “Rosam”, by whom he was father of “Robertum de Roos dictum Fursan[308].  As the birth of Rohese’s son Robert de Ros is estimated to [1172/73], and her own mother’s birth to [1134/35], it is suggested that Rohese must have been one of her parents’ oldest children.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Everardi de Ros que fuit filia Willelmi Trussebut…xxxv” and her land “in Strowestone”, adding that she had "ii filios, primogenitus est xiii annorum et terra eius est in custodia Ranulfi de Glanville"[309]m EVERARD de Ros, son of ROBERT de Ros & his [first wife ---] ([before 1141/44]-1183). 

iii)        ROGER Trussebut .  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of "Galfridus Trussebut, Rogerus, Robertus, Willelmus et Ricardus Trussebut", all of whom died "sine herede"[310]

iv)       ROBERT Trussebut (-1193).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of "Galfridus Trussebut, Rogerus, Robertus, Willelmus et Ricardus Trussebut", all of whom died "sine herede"[311]

v)        WILLIAM Trussebut .  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of "Galfridus Trussebut, Rogerus, Robertus, Willelmus et Ricardus Trussebut", all of whom died "sine herede"[312]

vi)       RICHARD Trussebut .  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of "Galfridus Trussebut, Rogerus, Robertus, Willelmus et Ricardus Trussebut", all of whom died "sine herede"[313]

vii)      HILARIA Trussebut (-12 Apr 1241).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[314].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of three sisters "Roysia, Hyllaria et Agatha"[315].  "Hillaria Trussebut" paid a fine for "terra de Branteston q fuit Albréé de Harecurt matris sue" in Northamptonshire, dated 1205[316].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Lincoln, dated to [1226/28], which includes "Hiraria Trussebut est de donacione domini regis; terra sua apud Neuton valet xx.l"[317]m ROBERT de Boulers Lord of Montgomery, son of STEPHEN de Boulers Lord of Montgomery & his wife --- (-1203). 

viii)     AGATHA Trussebut (-1247).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[318].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of three sisters "Roysia, Hyllaria et Agatha"[319].  "Willielmus de Albiniaco tertius" donated "ecclesiam de Redmelina" to Belvoir monastery, Lincolnshire, for the souls of "Agayjæ uxoris meæ et…Margeriæ quondam uxoris meæ", by undated charter witnessed by "Willielmo de Albineio quarto, Odinello, Roberto et Nicholao filiis meis"[320]m firstly HAIMO de Wolverton, son of --- (-[1196/98]).  m secondly as his second wife, WILLIAM [III] de Albini Brito, son of WILLIAM [II] de Albini Brito & his wife Matilda de Senlis (-1236). 

 

 

 

 

VALOIGNES

 

 

[Two] siblings: 

1.         PIERRE de Valoignes (-[1121/29]).  Domesday Book records “Peter de Valognes” with numerous land-holdings in Hertfordshire; several properties in Essex; numerous properties in Norfolk[321].  Domesday Book records that “Peter de Valognes and Ralph Taillebois” took Welbury in Hertfordshire from "Ilbert [who] put it in his manor of Lilley while he was sheriff"[322].  This joint action suggests a family relationship between Pierre de Valoignes and Ralph Taillebois.  "…Petrum de Valloniis…" witnessed the charter under which William I King of England confirmed the rights of Ely abbey[323].  "…Petri de Valoniis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1093/97] under which William II King of England founded Bermondsey abbey[324].  “Petrus de Valoniis et Albreda uxor mea” founded Binham in Norfolk, with the consent of “filiis meis Willielmo et Rogerio…nepotis mei Walteri”, for the salvation of “Henrici regis domini mei et Matildis reginæ uxoris suæ..Albreda uxore mea et Eudone fratre suo et Rohaysia uxore…”, by charter dated to [1102/18][325].  An undated charter records an agreement in 1108 between “Herebertum episcopum” and “Petrum de Valoniis" relating to Binham which was witnessed by "…Walt. de Valoniis…"[326].  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation to Binham priory by "Petrus de Valoniis…et Rogerius filius eius et…Robertus" by charter dated to [1121/29][327]m ALBREDA, daughter of ---.  “Petrus de Valoniis et Albreda uxor mea” founded Binham in Norfolk, with the consent of “filiis meis Willielmo et Rogerio…nepotis mei Walteri”, for the salvation of “Henrici regis domini mei et Matildis reginæ uxoris suæ..Albreda uxore mea et Eudone fratre suo et Rohaysia uxore…”, by charter dated to [1102/18][328].  Pierre & his wife had four children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Valoignes .  “Petrus de Valoniis et Albreda uxor mea” founded Binham in Norfolk, with the consent of “filiis meis Willielmo et Rogerio…nepotis mei Walteri”, by charter dated to [1102/18][329].  Presumably William predeceased his father and died before the date of the charter of King Henry I which confirmed the donation, dated to [1121/29] (see above). 

b)         ROGER de Valoignes (-[1141/42]).  “Petrus de Valoniis et Albreda uxor mea” founded Binham in Norfolk, with the consent of “filiis meis Willielmo et Rogerio…nepotis mei Walteri”, by charter dated to [1102/18][330]

-        see below

c)         MURIEL de Valoignes .  Muriel wife of Hubert de Munchensy donated land at Rushworth to Thetford abbey on making her son Hugh a monk there, confirmed by her sons "William de Bachetone and Roger de Munchensy, her brother Roger de Valoignes and his son Piers", by undated charter[331]m firstly --- de Backton, son of ---.  m secondly as his second wife, HUBERT de Munchensy, son of --- (-before 1120).  Muriel & her first husband had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM de Backton .  The bishop of Norwich confirmed an agreement between "Willliam of Bacton and his uncle Roger de Valonges" concerning land at Bacton and a fee held from the church of Norwich by charter dated to [1121/35][332].  Muriel wife of Hubert de Munchensy donated land at Rushworth to Thetford abbey on making her son Hugh a monk there, confirmed by her sons "William de Bachetone and Roger de Munchensy, her brother Roger de Valoignes and his son Piers", by undated charter[333]

d)         daughter .  m ALURED, son of ---.  Two children: 

i)          ADAM .  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis, Ricardus de Chalua, Robertus dapifer, Adam filius Aluredi, Fulqui de Munpinchun...[334].  “Adam filius Alueredi” donated land “in villa de Ingaldesthorp” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee” and for the souls of “Petri de Valoniis avi mei et Rogeri de Valoniis filii eius avunculi mei et Petri junioris cognati mei”, in the presence of “domina Beccha uxore mea et Rogero fratre meo”, by undated charter[335]m BECCHA, daughter of ---.  “Adam filius Alueredi” donated land “in villa de Ingaldesthorp” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee” and for the souls of “Petri de Valoniis avi mei et Rogeri de Valoniis filii eius avunculi mei et Petri junioris cognati mei”, in the presence of “domina Beccha uxore mea et Rogero fratre meo”, by undated charter[336]

ii)         ROGER .  “Adam filius Alueredi” donated land “in villa de Ingaldesthorp” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee” and for the souls of “Petri de Valoniis avi mei et Rogeri de Valoniis filii eius avunculi mei et Petri junioris cognati mei”, in the presence of “domina Beccha uxore mea et Rogero fratre meo”, by undated charter[337]

2.         [--- .  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         WALTER .  “Petrus de Valoniis et Albreda uxor mea” founded Binham in Norfolk, with the consent of “filiis meis Willielmo et Rogerio…nepotis mei Walteri”, by charter dated to [1102/18][338]same person as…?  WALTER de Valoignes (-after [1121/29]).  An undated charter records an agreement in 1108 between “Herebertum episcopum” and “Petrum de Valoniis" relating to Binham which was witnessed by "…Walt. de Valoniis…"[339]Walterus de Valoniis” donated land “in Londoniis Siredes...et duas domos juxta Tamisiam...et...terram vultra le Fliete...quam Hugo filius Ulgeri tenebat de me et de Eudone filio meo” to Binham priory, with the consent of “Rahesie conjugis mee et Agnetis filie mee heredis mee”, for the soul of “Petri de Valoniis” and for the salvation of “Rogeri de Valoniis et Agnetis uxoris sue et filiorum eorum et pro me ipso et uxore mea et filiabus meis”, by undated charter[340].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis...[341].  King Stephen confirmed the donation of land at Barney, Norfolk to Binham Priory by "Walt[erus] de Valoniis…concessu Rogeri de Valon[iis]" by charter dated to [1145/50][342].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the donation of “Berneyam cum terra de Thursford” made to Binham priory by “Walterum de Valoniis cognatum meum antequam monachus fieret”, in the presence of “Rohaisie uxoris sue...Agnetem filiam suam...heres”, by undated charter[343]m ROHESE, daughter of ---.  “Walterus de Valoniis” donated land “in Londoniis Siredes...et duas domos juxta Tamisiam...et...terram vultra le Fliete...quam Hugo filius Ulgeri tenebat de me et de Eudone filio meo” to Binham priory, with the consent of “Rahesie conjugis mee et Agnetis filie mee heredis mee”, for the soul of “Petri de Valoniis” and for the salvation of “Rogeri de Valoniis et Agnetis uxoris sue et filiorum eorum et pro me ipso et uxore mea et filiabus meis”, by undated charter[344].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the donation of “Berneyam cum terra de Thursford” made to Binham priory by “Walterum de Valoniis cognatum meum antequam monachus fieret”, in the presence of “Rohaisie uxoris sue...Agnetem filiam suam...heres”, by undated charter[345].  Walter & his wife had [three or more] children: 

i)          EUDES de Valoignes .  “Walterus de Valoniis” donated land “in Londoniis Siredes...et duas domos juxta Tamisiam...et...terram vultra le Fliete...quam Hugo filius Ulgeri tenebat de me et de Eudone filio meo” to Binham priory, with the consent of “Rahesie conjugis mee et Agnetis filie mee heredis mee”, for the soul of “Petri de Valoniis” and for the salvation of “Rogeri de Valoniis et Agnetis uxoris sue et filiorum eorum et pro me ipso et uxore mea et filiabus meis”, by undated charter[346].  It is uncertain from this document whether Eudes de Valoignes was deceased at the time.  Walter’s daughter Agnes is specified as his heir, but Eudes is not included among those for whose souls/salvation the donation was made.  It is possible that Eudes had been disinherited by his father but was still alive. 

ii)         AGNES de Valoignes .  “Walterus de Valoniis” donated land “in Londoniis Siredes...et duas domos juxta Tamisiam...et...terram vultra le Fliete...quam Hugo filius Ulgeri tenebat de me et de Eudone filio meo” to Binham priory, with the consent of “Rahesie conjugis mee et Agnetis filie mee heredis mee”, for the soul of “Petri de Valoniis” and for the salvation of “Rogeri de Valoniis et Agnetis uxoris sue et filiorum eorum et pro me ipso et uxore mea et filiabus meis”, by undated charter[347].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the donation of “Berneyam cum terra de Thursford” made to Binham priory by “Walterum de Valoniis cognatum meum antequam monachus fieret”, in the presence of “Rohaisie uxoris sue...Agnetem filiam suam...heres”, by undated charter[348]m as his first wife, GEOFFREY de Tresgoz, son of --- (-before 1185). 

iii)        daughter(s) .  “Walterus de Valoniis” donated land “in Londoniis Siredes...et duas domos juxta Tamisiam...et...terram vultra le Fliete...quam Hugo filius Ulgeri tenebat de me et de Eudone filio meo” to Binham priory, with the consent of “Rahesie conjugis mee et Agnetis filie mee heredis mee”, for the soul of “Petri de Valoniis” and for the salvation of “Rogeri de Valoniis et Agnetis uxoris sue et filiorum eorum et pro me ipso et uxore mea et filiabus meis”, by undated charter[349]

 

 

1.         THEOBALD de Valoignesm ---.  The name of Theobald’s wife is not known.  Theobald & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         BERTHA de Valoignes .  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rannulfus de Glanuile et uxor eius Berta, Matillis, Amabilis, Helewisa, Mabilia, filiæ eorum…"[350].  An undated manuscript records that “Ranulphus de Glanville quondam justiciarius Angliæ et fundator domus de Buttele” was born “in villa de Stratford” and married “Bertam filiam domini Theobaldi de Valoniis senioris domini de Perham”, who granted “terram de Brochous...in libero maritagio[351]Ranulphus de Glanvilla” donated property to Butley priory, Suffolk, in the presence of “uxore mea”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Osberto de Glanvil...Gerardo de Glanvile...Herveo de Glanvile, Savari de Valeines[352]Herveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Willielmo de Albervilla, Willielmo de Valoniis, Roberto de Valoniis...Willelmo de Glanvilla clerico et filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[353]m RANULF de Glanville, son of HERVE [I] de Glanville & his wife --- (-1190). 

b)         [MATILDA .  No primary source has been identified which confirms that Matilda was the daughter of Theobald de Valoignes.  However, the following charter indicates close connections between the Walter, Valoignes and Glanville families which appear best explained if Matilda was the sister of Bertha, wife of Ranulf de Glanville.  “Herveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Willielmo de Albervilla, Willielmo de Valoniis, Roberto de Valoniis...Willelmo de Glanvilla clerico et filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[354].]  m HERVE Walter, son of ---.  Hervé & his wife had five children: 

i)          THEOBALD Walter (-[4 Aug 1205/14 Feb 1206]).  The Complete Peerage records Theobald Walter as “s. and h. of Hervey Walter of West Dereham, Norfolk...by Maud da. and coh. of Theobald de Valoignes” but does not cite the primary source on which this statement is based[355]Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willielmo de Valeines, Radulfo Murdac...Teobaldo Walteri...Rogero Walteri...[356]

-         EARLS of ORMOND (WALTER/BUTLER)

ii)         HUBERT Walter (-13 Jul 1205).  Herveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[357].  Archbishop of Canterbury 1193.  Chancellor 1199. 

iii)        WALTER WalterHerveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[358]

iv)       ROGER WalterHerveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[359]Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willielmo de Valeines, Radulfo Murdac...Teobaldo Walteri...Rogero Walteri...[360]

v)        HAMON WalterHerveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[361]

 

 

Assuming that the hypothesis is correct, as explained above, that Matilda wife of Hervé Walter was the daughter of Theobald de Valoignes, William and Robert de Valoignes who are shown below must have been closely connected with the same family given that they are named together in the same documents.  It is possible that they were the same persons as other individuals of the same names who are shown elsewhere in the present chapter. 

 

1.         WILLIAM de ValoignesHerveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Willielmo de Albervilla, Willielmo de Valoniis, Roberto de Valoniis...Willelmo de Glanvilla clerico et filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[362]Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willielmo de Valeines, Radulfo Murdac...[363]

 

2.         ROBERT de Valoignes"Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[364].  “Herveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Willielmo de Albervilla, Willielmo de Valoniis, Roberto de Valoniis...Willelmo de Glanvilla clerico et filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[365].  It is not known whether these two documents both refer to the same Robert de Valoignes. 

 

 

1.         RUALLON [Roland] de Valoignes (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name "Rualo de Valoines, iii milites et dimidium cum Godseldo" among those providing military service for William Earl of Gloucester in Kent[366]

 

2.         WILLIAM de Valoignesm ALICE de Cokefield, daughter of --- de Cokefield & his wife ---.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1225, by "Willelmus Talesmasche et Alicia uxor eius" against "Widonem de Verdun et Aliciam uxorem eius" for a fee "in Hecham", the defendants claiming that "Robertus de Cokefeldia frater…Sabina […antecessor Willelmi et Alicia]" had granted the land "in maritagium Willelmo de Valeines cum Alicia sorore sua", that it passed to "Ade […filium Roberti filii Umfridi] filii predicte Sabine" who owed allegiance to them[367]

 

 

ROGER de Valoignes, son of PIERRE de Valoignes & his wife Alberade --- (-[1141/42]).  “Petrus de Valoniis et Albreda uxor mea” founded Binham in Norfolk, with the consent of “filiis meis Willielmo et Rogerio…nepotis mei Walteri”, by charter dated to [1102/18][368].  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation to Binham priory by "Petrus de Valoniis…et Rogerius filius eius et…Robertus" by charter dated to [1121/29][369].  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of land "in Walsingham" to Binham Priory by "Rogerius de Valoines" by charter dated to [1108/29][370].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rogo de Valon" in Hertfordshire[371].  Empress Matilda granted property to "Rogero de Valoniis" by undated charter[372].  The bishop of Norwich confirmed an agreement between "Willliam of Bacton and his uncle Roger de Valonges" concerning land at Bacton and a fee held from the church of Norwich by charter dated to [1121/35][373].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the foundation of Binham monastery by “patris mei Petri de Valoniis”, by undated charter, probably dated to after 1135, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis uxor mea, Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes filii mei…"[374].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis, Ricardus de Chalua, Robertus dapifer, Adam filius Aluredi, Fulqui de Munpinchun...[375]

m AGNES, daughter of JOHN & his wife --- ([1125]-after 1185).  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the foundation of Binham monastery by “patris mei Petri de Valoniis”, by undated charter, probably dated to after 1135, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis uxor mea, Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes filii mei…"[376].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[377].  “Agnes de Valoniis” notified “filio suo Petro...ceterisque filiis suis” of her donation of “terre mee de Westleye” made to Binham priory, for the souls of “domini mei R. et...mea et...fratris mei Pagani...filiorum filiarumque...meorum” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogerus de Valoniis et Johannes frater eius, Fulquius de Munpincun et Radulfus filius eius...[378].  “Robertus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus de Valoniis avus meus et Rogerus pater meus et Petrus de Valoniis frater meus et domina Agnes mater mea”, with the advice of "dominæ Agnetis matris meæ et Hadæwisæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[379].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Hortfurdburia et Hochwelle” held by “Agnes de Valeines…l annorum”, property “Hecham et Leic” held by “Agnes de Valuines…plusquam lx annorum”, and “Redefelde” held by “Agnes de Valuines…soror Pagani filii Johannis” adding that her heir is “filia eius et heres data est Durando de Ostili[380].  The Complete Peerage says that her age suggests that she may have been the daughter of a second marriage[381]

Roger & his wife had [eight or more] children:   

1.         PETER de Valoignes (-1158).  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis...[382].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the foundation of Binham monastery by “patris mei Petri de Valoniis”, by undated charter, probably dated to after 1135, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis uxor mea, Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes filii mei…"[383].  Empress Matilda made various grants of property by charter dated to [1141/42] naming "…Petrus de Valon`" among her supporters[384].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[385].  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris", noting that "tres fratres fuerunt…Petrus, Robertus, Philippus ex parte patris et matris", that Peter married "Gundredam de Waranna" but died without heirs[386]m as her first husband, GUNDRED de Warenne, daughter of RAINALD de Warenne & his wife Alice de Wormgay (-before 6 Nov 1224).  “Gundreda de Warrenna” donated “juris...in ecclesia de Dersingham” to Binham priory, for the souls of “domini mei Petri de Valoniis...”, by undated charter[387].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Gundrea quæ fuit uxor Petri de Valoniis" held one knight’s fee from "Roberti de Valoine" in Essex[388].  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris", noting that "tres fratres fuerunt…Petrus, Robertus, Philippus ex parte patris et matris", that Peter married "Gundredam de Waranna" but died without heirs[389].  She married secondly William de Courcy, and thirdly Geoffroy Hose.  An order dated 6 Dec 1224 required the confiscation of "the vill of Newnham that Gundrea de Warenne held in dower, which is an inheritance partible between Joan wife of Hugh de Neville, and Margaret wife of Falkes de Bréauté", with savings for "the executors of the testament of the same Gundrea"[390]

2.         ROBERT de Valoignes (-1184).  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis...[391].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the foundation of Binham monastery by “patris mei Petri de Valoniis”, by undated charter, probably dated to after 1135, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis uxor mea, Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes filii mei…"[392].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[393].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "Roberti de Valoine" in Essex[394].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Galfridus de Valoniis ii m, Robertus de Valoniis xx l iv s v d" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1167/68][395].  “Robertus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus de Valoniis avus meus et Rogerus pater meus et Petrus de Valoniis frater meus et domina Agnes mater mea”, with the advice of "dominæ Agnetis matris meæ et Hadæwisæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[396].  “Robertus de Valoniis” donated “jus advocacionis ecclesie de Westeleya” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et Athenize uxoris mee et Gunore filie mee”, by undated charter[397].  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris", noting that "tres fratres fuerunt…Petrus, Robertus, Philippus ex parte patris et matris", that Robert was father of "Gunora mater predicte Cristiane"[398]m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  “Robertus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus de Valoniis avus meus et Rogerus pater meus et Petrus de Valoniis frater meus et domina Agnes mater mea”, with the advice of "dominæ Agnetis matris meæ et Hadæwisæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[399].  “Robertus de Valoniis” donated “jus advocacionis ecclesie de Westeleya” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et Athenize uxoris mee et Gunore filie mee”, by undated charter[400].  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUNNOR de Valoignes (-after 1208).  “Robertus de Valoniis” donated “jus advocacionis ecclesie de Westeleya” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et Athenize uxoris mee et Gunore filie mee”, by undated charter[401].  “Durandus de Steill camerarius domini regis et Gunnora de Valoniis uxor eius” confirmed donations made to Binham priory by “Rogerus de Valoniis” by undated charter[402].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records property “Hortfurdburia et Hochwelle” held by her paternal grandmother “Agnes de Valeines…l annorum”, property “Hecham et Leic” held by “Agnes de Valuines…plusquam lx annorum”, and “Redefelde” held by “Agnes de Valuines…soror Pagani filii Johannis” adding that her heir is “filia eius et heres data est Durando de Ostili[403].  Round suggests that "filia eius" in this passage is an error for "neptis eius", as Gunnor was the senior heiress of her grandmother as only daughter of the latter’s second surviving son, and pointing out that "Durandus de Osteilli" paid scutage in Essex/Hertfordshire of £15/3/4 in the Pipe Roll 1190, equivalent to the 30 and one third knights’ fees on which the barony of Valoignes paid had paid in 1166, and on which "Gunnore de Valoniis" paid in 1194[404].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records that "Gunnore de Valoniis" paid "xx s, i militem" in Norfolk, Suffolk, and also paid in Essex, Hertfordshire[405].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Gunnore de Valoniis" paying "xxx l, xxx milites" in Essex, Hertfordshire[406].  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris", noting that "tres fratres fuerunt…Petrus, Robertus, Philippus ex parte patris et matris", that Robert was father of "Gunora mater predicte Cristiane"[407].  "Rob fil Walteri et Gunnor ux eius" paid a fine for the inheritance of "Gaufri de Valon avunculi ipsius Gunnor", dated 1208[408]m firstly (before 1185) DURAND de Ostill, son of --- (-[1191/94]).  m secondly (after 1194) as his first wife, ROBERT FitzWalter of Woodham Walter, Essex, son of WALTER FitzRobert & his first wife Matilda de Lucy (-9 Dec 1235, Dunmow Priory). 

3.         GEOFFROY de Valoignes (-before 1208).  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis...[409].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the foundation of Binham monastery by “patris mei Petri de Valoniis”, by undated charter, probably dated to after 1135, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis uxor mea, Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes filii mei…"[410].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[411].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record knights’ fees held from "Galfridus de Valoniis" in Essex[412].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Galfridus de Valoniis ii m, Robertus de Valoniis xx l iv s v d" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1167/68][413].  "Rob fil Walteri et Gunnor ux eius" paid a fine for the inheritance of "Gaufri de Valonavunculi ipsius Gunnor", dated 1208[414].  "Philipp de Valon" paid a fine for "saisina de terra de Burton et aliis terris e fuerunt Gaufr de Valon fratris sui", excepting what was owed to "Emma quondam ux eiusdem Gaufr…in dote", dated 1208[415]m EMMA, daughter of --- (-after 1208).  "Philipp de Valon" paid a fine for "saisina de terra de Burton et aliis terris e fuerunt Gaufr de Valon fratris sui", excepting what was owed to "Emma quondam ux eiusdem Gaufr…in dote", dated 1208[416]

4.         JOHN de Valoignes .  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis...[417].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the foundation of Binham monastery by “patris mei Petri de Valoniis”, by undated charter, probably dated to after 1135, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis uxor mea, Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes filii mei…"[418].  “Agnes de Valoniis” notified “filio suo Petro...ceterisque filiis suis” of her donation of “terre mee de Westleye” made to Binham priory, for the souls of “domini mei R. et...mea et...fratris mei Pagani...filiorum filiarumque...meorum” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogerus de Valoniis et Johannes frater eius, Fulquius de Munpincun et Radulfus filius eius...[419].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[420]

5.         ROGER de Valoignes .  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis...[421].  King Stephen confirmed the donation of land at Barney, Norfolk to Binham Priory by "Walt[erus] de Valoniis…concessu Rogeri de Valon[iis]" by charter dated to [1145/50][422].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[423].  “Agnes de Valoniis” notified “filio suo Petro...ceterisque filiis suis” of her donation of “terre mee de Westleye” made to Binham priory, for the souls of “domini mei R. et...mea et...fratris mei Pagani...filiorum filiarumque...meorum” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogerus de Valoniis et Johannes frater eius, Fulquius de Munpincun et Radulfus filius eius...[424].  "…Philippo de Valoniis, Rogero de Valoniis…" witnessed the undated charter under which William King of Scotland confirmed the freedoms of the priory of the Isle of May[425]

6.         PHILIP de Valoignes (-5 Nov 1215, bur Melrose Abbey).  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris", noting that "tres fratres fuerunt…Petrus, Robertus, Philippus ex parte patris et matris", that Philip went to Scotland and was there father of "Willelmum de Valoynes qui fuit heres suus et de quo exierunt uxores predictorum Henrici et aliorum"[426].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[427].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Philippus de Valoniis" paying "xx s, ii milites" in Essex, Hertfordshire[428].  "…Philippo de Valoniis, Rogero de Valoniis…" witnessed the undated charter under which William King of Scotland confirmed the freedoms of the priory of the Isle of May[429].  Chamberlain of Scotland[430].  "…Philippo de Valuniis…" subscribed the undated charter under which "Comes David frater regis Scottorum" founded Lindores Abbey[431].  "…Philippo de Valoniis camerario…" subscribed the charter dated 1 Jul (no year) under which William King of Scotland donated "totam terram de Strathylaf" to Kinloss[432].  "…David Olifard, Philippo de Valoniis camerario, Ricardo Cumyn" witnessed the undated charter under which William King of Scotland granted "unum plenarium tofftum" to Scone Abbey over its territories[433].  "Philipp de Valon" paid a fine for "saisina de terra de Burton et aliis terris e fuerunt Gaufr de Valon fratris sui", excepting what was owed to "Emma quondam ux eiusdem Gaufr…in dote", dated 1208[434]m firstly ---.  The name of Philip’s first wife is not known.  m secondly ---.  The name of Philip’s second wife is not known.  The fact of this second marriage is indicated by the chronology of the life of his daughter Sibylla, which shows that she was much younger than her brother William.  One possibility is that she was --- de Quincy, daughter of SAHER de Quincy Earl of Winchester & his wife Margaret of Leicester.  This is suggested by the order dated 3 Feb 1223 under which King Henry III delivered "to Roger de Quency...the ward of the land of Sibilla de Valeines in Torpenno...the custody of which pertains to Roger by reason of Eustace de Stuteville, son and heir of said Sibilla, being in ward of Roger[435].  Roger de Quincy Earl of Winchester was the brother of the wife of William de Valoignes, older brother of Sibylla.  However, that relationship would not have justified his wardship of Sibylla’s minor son after she died.  Many examples have been noted of a father marrying, as his second wife, the sister of the wife of his son and this may be another such case.  Philip & his first wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Valoignes of Panmure, co. Forfar (-Kelso 1219, before 21 Jun, bur Melrose Abbey).  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris", noting that "tres fratres fuerunt…Petrus, Robertus, Philippus ex parte patris et matris", that Philip went to Scotland and was there father of "Willelmum de Valoynes qui fuit heres suus et de quo exierunt uxores predictorum Henrici et aliorum"[436].  "…Roll constabul, Philipp de Mubray, Willmo de Valloñ, Henr Biset, Thomas de Colville, Adam fil Herb, Ferg fratre Roll, Alexander de Finton" witnessed the charter dated 22 Sep (no year, but dated to after 1196) under which William King of Scotland confirmed the donation of "in territorio de Cliftun" to Melrose abbey made by "Walterus Corbet filius Walteri"[437].  Chamberlain of Scotland.  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the death in 1219 of "Willelmus de Valoniis" and his burial "apud Melros in capitulo"[438]m LORETA de Quincy, daughter of SAHER de Quincy Earl of Winchester & his wife Margaret of Leicester.  The Complete Peerage names “Lorette m William de Valoynes of Panmure, co. Forfar, chamberlain of Scotland” as sister of Roger de Quincy Earl of Winchester but does not cite the corresponding source[439].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   William & his wife had four children: 

i)          WILLIAM de Valoignes .  "Ysabella de Valloñ dña de Killebrid" donated "terre de Dalkarn" to the church of Glasgow, for the souls of "dñi DD Comyn mariti mei iam defuncti", by undated charter witnessed by "dño W. de Valloniis fratre meo, W. de Mortuo Mari decano…"[440]

ii)         LORETA de Valoignes (-after 25 May 1233).  "Henry de Balliol and Lora his wife, David Cumin and Isabel his wife, and Piers de Maudue and Christine his wife, had livery of the lands which Christine, late the wife of W. Earl of Maundeville had held from the king in chief" dated 25 May 1233[441]m (before 1233) HENRY de Balliol, son of [INGELRAN de Balliol & his wife ---] (-after 12 Feb 1246). 

iii)        ISABEL de Valoignes  (-before 17 Apr 1253).  "Henry de Balliol and Lora his wife, David Cumin and Isabel his wife, and Piers de Maudue and Christine his wife, had livery of the lands which Christine, late the wife of W. Earl of Maundeville had held from the king in chief" dated 25 May 1233[442].  "Ysabella de Valloñ dña de Killebrid" donated "terre de Dalkarn" to the church of Glasgow, for the souls of "dñi DD Comyn mariti mei iam defuncti", by undated charter witnessed by "dño W. de Valloniis fratre meo, W. de Mortuo Mari decano…"[443].  A writ dated 17 Apr "37 Hen III", after the death of "Isabel de Valoynes alias de Valoiniis" names "William Comin alias de Valoynes her son age variously stated as 16 and 17 is her heir"[444]m DAVID Comyn, son of WILLIAM Comyn Earl of Buchan & his first wife Sarah FitzHugh (-[1244/7 Aug 1247]). 

iv)       CHRISTINE de Valoignes (-after 1254).  "Henry de Balliol and Lora his wife, David Cumin and Isabel his wife, and Piers de Maudue and Christine his wife, had livery of the lands which Christine, late the wife of W. Earl of Maundeville had held from the king in chief" dated 25 May 1233[445].  “Alex. de Baliolo filius Henri de Balliol” confirmed the donation made by “domine Cristiane de Maunlea amite mee” of land “in villa de Dersingham in comitatu Northf[olcie]”, which he had inherited “post mortem domine Lore matris mee et Gydonis fratris mei”, to Binham Priory by charter dated 6 Apr 1272, witnessed by “...dno Henrico de Balliol...[446]m PETER de Maule, son of [RICHARD de Maule & his wife ---] (-after 1254). 

Philip & his second wife had [four] children: 

b)         SIBYLLA de Valoignes (-before 2 Feb 1223).  “Philippus de Valoniis” granted “villam de Torpenhon in maritagium” to “Roberto de Stutevill et Sibille filie mee” by undated charter[447].  "Sibilla de Valoinn" claimed from “Nicolas de Stuteville” her “terce of the honour of Lidel in Cumberland and of the whole honour of Russedale [and other named properties]...as the dower wherein her late husband Robert endowed her by grant and will of the said Nicholas his father”, dated 22 Jun 1213[448].  Her date of death is set by an order dated 3 Feb 1223 under which King Henry III delivered "to Roger de Quency...the ward of the land of Sibilla de Valeines in Torpenno...the custody of which pertains to Roger by reason of Eustace de Stuteville, son and heir of said Sibilla, being in ward of Roger[449]m ROBERT de Stuteville, son of NICHOLAS [III] de Stuteville & his wife Gunnora de Albini Brito (after 1193-[1212/22 Jun 1213]). 

c)         --- de Valoignes .  His parentage is indicated by an order dated 2 Feb 1223 under which King Henry III delivered "to Roger de Quency...the ward of the land of Torpenho, which was Sibilla de Valoniis, which ward pertains to Roger by reason of the son and heir of Philip de Valoniis, who is heir of Sibilla, and in ward of Roger[450].  This order could not refer to William de Valoines, Sibylla’s much older half-brother, who was already deceased at the time.  It could only refer to a younger full brother of Sibilla, by their father’s second wife who, as suggested above, may have been the sister of Roger de Quincy Earl of Winchester. 

d)         [--- .  This possible son of Philip de Valoignes may have been the same person as his unnamed son by his second wife who is shown above.  m ---.  [One child]: 

i)          [ROBERT de Valoignes (-before 1280).  A charter dated  to [20 Jan/Feb] in 1280 records King Edward I’s permission for "Christiana de Maune and Alexander de Balliol, the heirs of Robert de Valoignes" to pay a debt at a reduced amount[451].  The parentage of Robert de Valoignes has not yet been identified.  As his two heirs were the son of Henry de Balliol, husband of the daughter of William de Valoignes, and (probably) the daughter of Henry’s sister-in-law Christine (see above), it is likely that Robert was closely related, maybe their first cousin.] 

e)         [--- .  This possible son of Philip de Valoignes may have been the same person as his unnamed son by his second wife who is shown above.  m ---.  [One child]: 

i)          [JOHN de Valoignes (-after 16 Feb 1246).  "Henr de Balliol cam, Johe de Vall, Nichol de Sulis" witnessed the charter dated 16 Feb 1246 under which Alexander II King of Scotland recorded a dispute regarding "terram de Dunroden quam tenet in Galuuath de dono Fergi" and Holyrood abbey[452].  His precise parentage has not yet been ascertained.   The involvement of Henry de Balliol suggests that John de Valoignes was closely related to William de Valoignes, Henry’s father-in-law (see above).] 

7.         daughters .  “Agnes de Valoniis” notified “filio suo Petro...ceterisque filiis suis” of her donation of “terre mee de Westleye” made to Binham priory, for the souls of “domini mei R. et...mea et...fratris mei Pagani...filiorum filiarumque...meorum” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogerus de Valoniis et Johannes frater eius, Fulquius de Munpincun et Radulfus filius eius...[453]

 

 

1.         SAVARY de Valoignes .  “Ranulphus de Glanvilla” donated property to Butley priory, Suffolk, in the presence of “uxore mea”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Osberto de Glanvil...Gerardo de Glanvile...Herveo de Glanvile, Savari de Valeines[454]

 

2.         PETER de Valoignes (-after [1172]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Petrus de Valoines" with one knight "in baillia Osberti de Hosa"[455]

 

3.         AILWIN de Valoignes .  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Ailwinus de Valoignis" in Devonshire[456]

 

4.         HENRY de Valoignes (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Henricus de Valoniis" paying "xl s, ii milites" in Essex, Herefordshire[457].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Henricus de Valoniis" paying "lx s, iii milites" in Essex, Hertfordshire[458]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         ROBERT de Valoignes (-[Sep 1209/Sep 1210]).  The Pipe Roll 1210 records that "Robertus de Valeines" was succeeded by "Alani fratris sui" in "Sobindon" before Michaelmas 1210[459].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Valeines, Walterus de Valeines…Johannes de Valeines" holding one knight’s fee "in Ewerlande", one quarter "in Sturremue", and one "in Swertlinges", respectively, in Kent in [1210/12], and "Robertus de Valeines" holding one half "in Bonchesham"[460]

2.         ALAN de Valoignes (-after 1190).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "honor Piperelli de Londonia" paying "li milites et vi pars…in diversis comitatibus", of which "in perdonis…Alano de Valoniis, xx s", in Essex, Hertfordshire[461].  The Pipe Roll 1210 records that "Robertus de Valeines" was succeeded by "Alani fratris sui" in "Sobindon" before Michaelmas 1210[462].  m as her first husband, HELEN, daughter of --- (-after 14 Jul 1204).  She married secondly (1194) Hugh de Hastings.  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Hugo de Hastinges" owing in Yorkshire "pro habenda uxore que fuit Alani de Valeines"[463].  "Willelmus de Cantilupo" paid a fine for "pro Rogero de Cantilupo fratre nostro pro ux q fuit Hug de Hasting" and custody of her "iv filios et I filia…primogenit x ann", dated 1202[464].  King John granted "custodia…terre et heredum Hugonis de Hasting…et maritagium Helene que fuit uxor ipsius Hugonis" to "Johannis Norwic episcopo" by charter dated 14 Jul 1204[465].  Alan & his wife had [one or more children]: 

a)         child[ren] .  "Willelmus de Cantilupo" paid a fine for "pro Rogero de Cantilupo fratre nostro pro ux q fuit Hug de Hasting" and custody of her "iv filios et I filia…primogenit x ann", dated 1202[466].  The date of this document, and the date of their mother’s second marriage to Hugh de Hastings in 1194, shows that one or more of these children must have been born from their mother’s first marriage. 

 

 

1.         WALTER de Valoignes (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Valeines, Walterus de Valeines…Johannes de Valeines" holding one knight’s fee "in Ewerlande", one quarter "in Sturremue", and one "in Swertlinges", respectively, in Kent in [1210/12][467]

 

2.         JOHN de Valoignes (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Valeines, Walterus de Valeines…Johannes de Valeines" holding one knight’s fee "in Ewerlande", one quarter "in Sturremue", and one "in Swertlinges", respectively, in Kent in [1210/12][468]

 

3.         PHILIP de Valoignes .  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Robertus de Stutevill" held "villam de Thorpennoi de domino rege" in Cumberland which was "de baronia Alicie de Rumill" and that "Reginaldus de Lucy" had held the land "cum sorore predicte Alicie" and refused homage to "Philippi de Valoines, antecessoris predicti Roberti et uxoris sue"[469].  same person as…?  P--- de Valoignes (-after 1222)m (1222, Papal dispensation) as her second husband, ---, widow of WALTER de Lindsay, daughter of ---.  The Chronicle of Melrose records that in 1222 "P. de Valoniis, with the consent of…the king" married "the widow of Walter de Lindsay, but against her own will, because they were connected in the third or fourth degree of relationship or affinity" after which "P" obtained a dispensation from the Pope in Rome[470]

 

 

Three siblings: 

1.         THEOBALD de Valoignes (-after 28 Jan 1205).  King John confirmed that “Theobaldus de Valeines” founded Hickling priory, Norfolk as well as the donation of "terra sua de Ernestund" made by "Will. de Muntchanesy" by charter dated 26 Jan 1204[471].  King John confirmed the donation of "terra sua de Campesse" made by "Teobaud de Valeines [et] Johanne et Agnetis sororibus suis" to found a monastery there by charter dated 28 Jan 1205[472].  “Theobaldus de Valoines et Avicia uxor eius” donated "ecclesiam...de Dittona" to Hickling by undated charter[473]m AVICE, daughter of ---.  “Theobaldus de Valoines et Avicia uxor eius” donated "ecclesiam...de Dittona" to Hickling by undated charter[474].  Theobald & his wife had one child: 

a)         THOMAS de Valoignes (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Thomas filius Theobaldi de Waleines" holding seven knights’ fees "de honore Britanniæ" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1210/12][475].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Thomas de Valoniis" holding "iii milites in Wodintone" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire in [1210/12][476]

2.         JOAN de Valoignes (-after 28 Jan 1205).  King John confirmed the donation of "terra sua de Campesse" made by "Teobaud de Valeines [et] Johanne et Agnetis sororibus suis" to found a monastery there by charter dated 28 Jan 1205[477]

3.         AGNES de Valoignes (-after 28 Jan 1205).  King John confirmed the donation of "terra sua de Campesse" made by "Teobaud de Valeines [et] Johanne et Agnetis sororibus suis" to found a monastery there by charter dated 28 Jan 1205[478]

 

 

4.         AMICE de Valoignes (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Hunfridus de Barenton" holding two knights’ fees "in Seringes cum Amicia uxore sua, de honore de Valoniis" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1210/12][479]m HUMPHREY de Barenton, son of --- (-after 1210). 

 

 

1.         SIBYLLA de Valoignes (-after 1212, bur Nun Appleton Priory).  Her first and second marriages are confirmed by the 1165/66 Pipe Roll which records "Wills de Pci" accounting for ".cccc. m. p uxore Robti de Ross hnda" in Yorkshire[480].  Evidently William de Percy failed to pay the full amount at the time, as the 1169/70 Pipe Roll records "Wills de Pci" paying "L. m. p uxore Robti de Ross habenda" in Yorkshire[481].  “Willielmus de Percy” donated Topcliffe church to York Cathedral, for the souls of “uxoris meæ Sybillæ…filiorum quoque et filiarum mearum”, by undated charter witnessed by “Sybilla de Valloniis…[482].  It is assumed that the first witness was the donor’s wife but this is not specified in the document.  Her third marriage is confirmed by the 1181/82 Pipe Roll which records "Radulfus de Alben" accounting for ".cc. m pro ducenda matre Ebrardi de Ros" in Yorkshire[483].  A charter dated 4 Feb 1196 records a claim by “Sibillam de Vall et Agnetem de Percy” against the church of Beverley relating to “advocacione ecclesie de Lekenfeld[484]m firstly [as his second wife,] ROBERT de Ros, son of PIERS de Ros & his wife Adeline Espec of Helmsley, Northumberland (-[1162/63]).  m secondly ([1165/66]) as his second wife, WILLIAM de Percy of Topcliffe, Yorkshire, son of ALAN de Percy & his wife Emma de Gant (-[1174/75]).  m thirdly ([1181/82]) RALPH de Albini Brito, son of WILLIAM de Albini Brito & his wife Cecily Bigod (-Acre 1191). 

 

2.         ALICE de Valoignes .  "Cristina filia Walteri Corbet" donated a serf to St Andrew’s priory, with the consent of "Willi filii comitis Patricii mariti mei et Aliiz de Valoniis matris mee", to St Andrew’s priory, for the souls of "Walteri Corbet patris mei et Aliz de Valoniis matris mee et W. filii comitis Patricii mariti mei", by undated charter[485]m WALTER Corbet, son of WALTER Corbet & his wife Asa de Umfraville. 

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         HAMON de Valoignes (-after 1194).  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "de firma de Walton Hamonis de Valoignis de dimidio anno" in Gloucestershire[486].  Empress Matilda granted property to "Rogero de Valoniis" by undated charter[487]m firstly ---.  m secondly (divorced) AGNES de Somery, daughter of ROGER [III] de Somery & his wife ---.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Hamoni de Valoniis" against "Jeruasius de Aldermannebiria", the latter stating that "Rogerus de Sumery" gave "terram de Cristehale…in maritagium Hamoni patri istius Hamonis cum Agnete filia sua", that the couple were later divorced and the maritagium returned, while the claimant replied that Agnes lived for thirty years after her divorce and requested nothing from his father or from "Thoma fratre suo qui per v annos fuit in seisina tocius hereditatis patris sui"[488].  Hamon & his first wife had two children: 

a)         THOMAS de Valoignes .  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Hamoni de Valoniis" against "Jeruasius de Aldermannebiria athachiatus", the latter stating that "Rogerus de Sumery" gave "terram de Cristehale…in maritagium Hamoni patri istius Hamonis cum Agnete filia sua", that the couple were later divorced and the maritagium returned, while the claimant replied that Agnes lived for thirty years after her divorce and requested nothing from his father or from "Thoma fratre suo qui per v annos fuit in seisina tocius hereditatis patris sui"[489]

b)         HAMON de Valoignes (-before 17 Dec 1243).  "Hamo fil Hamonis de Valon" made a fine for "terris que fuerunt ipsius Hamonis patris suis in Hibernia cum castro de Hinckesty", dated 5 Jul [1215][490].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Petrus Hamo f Hamonis de Valeines” owing in Kent[491].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Hamoni de Valoniis" against "Jeruasius de Aldermannebiria athachiatus", the latter stating that "Rogerus de Sumery" gave "terram de Cristehale…in maritagium Hamoni patri istius Hamonis cum Agnete filia sua", that the couple were later divorced and the maritagium returned, while the claimant replied that Agnes lived for thirty years after her divorce and requested nothing from his father or from "Thoma fratre suo qui per v annos fuit in seisina tocius hereditatis patris sui"[492].  A charter dated 17 Dec 1243 mandated to "W[illiam] de Cantilupe seisin of all the lands which belonged to Hamo de Valoignes in Ireland…with the marriage of Hamo’s heirs"[493]m --- de Burgh, daughter of RICHARD de Burgh Lord of Connaught & his wife Egidia de Lacy.  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by a charter dated 20 Sep 1242 which records that "Richard de Burgh has intimated to the king that John de Marisco, who married Mabel Richard’s granddaughter, having been taken prisoner and disseised of his land by the king’s order"[494].  Hamo & his wife had [two or more] children: 

i)          MABEL de Valoignes (-after 20 Sep 1242).  A charter dated 20 Sep 1242 records that "Richard de Burgh has intimated to the king that John de Marisco, who married Mabel Richard’s granddaughter, having been taken prisoner and disseised of his land by the king’s order", and that "Mabel was likewise disseised of the vill of Brunry her marriage portion and betook herself with her children to a house belonging to Richard and is living at his expense"[495]m JOHN du Marais [Marsh], son of ---. 

2.         --- de Valoignesm ---.  Two children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Valoignes .  "Willelmus et Roylant de Valon" paid a fine for "heritenda medietate de Litlington quem Ham de Valon avunculus eorum eis dedit" in Canterbury, dated 1202[496]

b)         ROLAND de Valoignes .  "Willelmus et Roylant de Valon" paid a fine for "heritenda medietate de Litlington quem Ham de Valon avunculus eorum eis dedit" in Canterbury, dated 1202[497]

 

 

1.         WALTER de Valoignes .  "William Juvenal" paid a fine for a record of "a plea that was between him and Walter de Valoignes and Mary, his wife, concerning land in Churchford" in Suffolk, dated [Nov] 1223[498]m MARY, daughter of ---.  "William Juvenal" paid a fine for a record of "a plea that was between him and Walter de Valoignes and Mary, his wife, concerning land in Churchford" in Suffolk, dated [Nov] 1223[499]

 

2.         WILLIAM de Valoignesm MARGARET, daughter of --- (-after 1284).  "Willelmus de Valoniis filius et heres dñi Willmi de Valoniis" donated "ecclesie Sciandr…de Markinch" to St Andrew’s priory, for the soul of "dñi Malcolmi comitie quondam de Fyfe", by charter dated 1284, witnessed by "Margareta matre mea, Maria sorore mea…"[500].  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Valoignes (-after 1284).  "Willelmus de Valoniis filius et heres dñi Willmi de Valoniis" donated "ecclesie Sciandr…de Markinch" to St Andrew’s priory, for the soul of "dñi Malcolmi comitie quondam de Fyfe", by charter dated 1284, witnessed by "Margareta matre mea, Maria sorore mea…"[501]

b)         MARY de Valoignes (-after 1284).  "Willelmus de Valoniis filius et heres dñi Willmi de Valoniis" donated "ecclesie Sciandr…de Markinch" to St Andrew’s priory, for the soul of "dñi Malcolmi comitie quondam de Fyfe", by charter dated 1284, witnessed by "Margareta matre mea, Maria sorore mea…"[502]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Valoignesm EVA Tregoz, daughter of ---.  Robert & his wife had children: 

a)         CECILY de Valoignes ([1280/81]-16 Jul 1325)m (before 1298) ROBERT de Ufford, son of ROBERT de Ufford & his first wife Mary --- (11 Jun 1279-9 Sep 1316 or before).  He was summoned to Parliament 4 Mar 1309, whereby he is held to have become Lord Ufford. 

 

 

 

 

VAUX

 

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Vaux (-after 1086).  An undated manuscript records that “Robertus de Vallibus”, who arrived in England “cum Willielmo duce Normannorum”, founded Pentney, Norfolk[503].  “Rob. de Vauz” founded Pentney, Norfolk, for the souls of “meæ et Agnetis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[504].  Orderic Vitalis records that “Rodbertus de Vals” donated “de duabus partibus decimæ de Berneriis medietatem” to Ouche and that after he died “Rogerius...filius eius” confirmed and augmented the donation[505].  Domesday Book records “Robert de Vaux” holding Shimpling from Roger Bigod in Norfolk and properties from Roger Bigod in Suffolk[506]m AGNES, daughter of ---.  “Rob. de Vauz” founded Pentney, Norfolk, for the souls of “meæ et Agnetis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[507].  Robert & his wife had four children: 

a)         ROGER de VauxOrderic Vitalis records that “Rodbertus de Vals” donated “de duabus partibus decimæ de Berneriis medietatem” to Ouche and that after he died “Rogerius...filius eius” confirmed and augmented the donation[508]

b)         WILLIAM de Vaux .  An undated manuscript names “Willielmum, Oliverum et Henricum” as the three sons of “Robertus de Vallibus” who founded Pentney, Norfolk[509].  “Willielmus de Vaus, filius Roberti de Vaus” confirmed the foundation of Pentney, Norfolk by “Robertus de Vaus pater meus” by undated charter[510]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had three children: 

i)          ROBERT de Vaux (-after 1130).  An undated manuscript names “Robertum, Adam et Willielmum” as the three sons of William, son of “Robertus de Vallibus” who founded Pentney, Norfolk[511].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rob de Vallibus…de terra de Hoctone de hereditate uxoris sue" in Norfolk[512]

-         see below

ii)         ADAM de Vaux .  An undated manuscript names “Robertum, Adam et Willielmum” as the three sons of William, son of “Robertus de Vallibus” who founded Pentney, Norfolk[513]

iii)        WILLIAM de Vaux (-after 1165).  An undated manuscript names “Robertum, Adam et Willielmum” as the three sons of William, son of “Robertus de Vallibus” who founded Pentney, Norfolk, adding that the third son William was prior of Pentney[514].  Prior of Pentney.  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Huberti de Vallibus” founded Lanercost priory, Cumberland, for the souls of “patris mei Huberti et matris meæ Greciæ”, by undated charter dated to 1165, witnessed by “…Roberto de Vallibus juniore…Rogero de Vallibus…Willielmo de Vallibus filio de Roberti de Vallibus…[515]

c)         OLIVER de Vaux .  An undated manuscript names “Willielmum, Oliverum et Henricum” as the three sons of “Robertus de Vallibus” who founded Pentney, Norfolk[516]

d)         HENRY de Vaux .  An undated manuscript names “Willielmum, Oliverum et Henricum” as the three sons of “Robertus de Vallibus” who founded Pentney, Norfolk[517]

 

 

1.         HUGH de Vaux (-after 1121).  "…Hugone de Valle…" witnessed the charter dated 1121 under which Henry I King of England granted "terram de Chelca" to "Rogero nepoti Huberti"[518]

 

 

ROBERT de Vaux, son of WILLIAM de Vaux & his wife --- (-after 1130).  An undated manuscript names “Robertum, Adam et Willielmum” as the three sons of William, son of “Robertus de Vallibus” who founded Pentney, Norfolk[519].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rob de Vallibus…de terra de Hoctone de hereditate uxoris sue" in Norfolk[520]

m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known. 

Robert & his wife had seven children: 

1.         ROBERT de Vaux .  An undated manuscript names “Willielmum [error for Robertum, see below], Oliverum, Johannem, Philippum, Rogerum et Hugonem, et quendam Willielmum” as the sons of Robert, son of William de Vaux, adding that Robert was succeeded by “Robertus filius dicti Roberti” who died childless and was succeeded by “Oliverus filius dicti Roberti[521]

2.         OLIVER de Vaux (-[1238/41]).  An undated manuscript names “Willielmum [error for Robertum, see below], Oliverum, Johannem, Philippum, Rogerum et Hugonem, et quendam Willielmum” as the sons of Robert, son of William de Vaux, adding that Robert was succeeded by “Robertus filius dicti Roberti” who died childless and was succeeded by “Oliverus filius dicti Roberti[522].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Oliverus de Vall[ibus]" holding one quarter of one knight’s fee in "Scrahinge" in Lincolnshire in [1210/12][523].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Lincoln, dated 1219, which includes "Oliverus de Vallibus habet Petronillam que fuit filia Widonis de Croum de donacione domini Regis Johannis et terra eius [Schireb] valet annum l.l"[524]m ([1211/12]) as her third husband, PETRONILLA de Craon, widow firstly of WILLIAM de Longchamp and secondly of HENRY de la Mare, daughter of GUY [Wythe] de Craon & his wife Isabel ---.  A genealogy of the founders of Freston Priory names "dame Petronil de Croune" as the daughter of "monsieur Wythe de Croune" and his wife "Clarice", adding that she married firstly "baron monsieur William Longechaumpe" (by whom she had "monsieur Henre de Longechaumpe") and secondly "baron monsieur Oliver Vaux"[525].  "Henr de la Mare" made a fine for "terra Petronille de Croun ux sue et terris suis in Angliam et Willelmus de La Mara frater suus…", dated 1205[526].  Her third marriage is confirmed by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Oliverus de Vallibus" held "Vargeburn in barunia cum uxore que fuit Henrici de la Mare" in Hampshire[527].  Oliver & his wife had four children: 

a)         ROBERT de Vaux .  An undated manuscript names “Robertum, Will. et Ioh. et Oliverum” as the sons of Oliver de Vaux, adding that Oliver was succeeded by “Robertus filius dicti Oliveri[528]

b)         WILLIAM de Vaux .  An undated manuscript names “Robertum, Will. et Ioh. et Oliverum” as the sons of Oliver de Vaux, adding that Robert was succeeded by “Willielmus frater dicti Roberti[529]

c)         JOHN de Vaux (-before Nov 1287).  An undated manuscript names “Robertum, Will. et Ioh. et Oliverum” as the sons of Oliver de Vaux, adding that “Willielmus frater dicti Roberti” was succeeded by “frater eius dominus Iohannes de Vallibus[530].  A genealogy of the founders of Freston Priory names "John de Vaux" as the son of "baron monsieur Oliver Vaux" and his wife "dame Petronil de Croune", adding that he was granted "le manoir de Freston en taile"[531].  “Johannes de Vallibus filius domini Oliveri de Vallibus” donated land "de Botendone…de dono domini Rogeri de Clifford et Matildis uxoris suæ" to Basselech Priory, Monmouth by undated charter[532].  Inquisitions following a writ dated "15 Edw I" after the death of "John de Vallibus...on Thursday before the Exaltation of the Holy Cross 15 Edw I” name “Petronilla [...aged 28...[who married] William de Nerford] and Maud [...aged 26...[who] married William de Ros] his daughters are his next heirs and of full age[533]m as her second husband, JOAN, widow of ROGER de Gyney, daughter of ---.  The Complete Peerage names “Joan...widow of Roger de Gyney” as the wife of John de Vaux but implies that she may not have been his only when it questions whether she was the mother of his daughter Petronilla[534].  John & his wife had two children: 

i)          PETRONILLA de Vaux ([1258/59]-[1 May/20 Aug] 1326).  An undated manuscript names “Petronilla et Matilda” as the two daughters of John de Vaux, adding that Petronilla married “Willielmo de Nairford et genuit Johannem primogenitum suum” and naming their descendants[535].  Inquisitions following a writ dated "15 Edw I" after the death of "John de Vallibus...on Thursday before the Exaltation of the Holy Cross 15 Edw I” name “Petronilla [...aged 28...[who married] William de Nerford] and Maud [...aged 26...[who] married William de Ros] his daughters are his next heirs and of full age[536]m (4 Feb [1287/88]) WILLIAM de Nerford, son of PIERS de Nerford & his wife [Agatha ---] (-[12 Jun/9 Jul] 1302). 

ii)         MATILDA de Vaux ([1260/61]- [before 1316], bur Pentney Priory, Norfolk).  An undated manuscript names “Petronilla et Matilda” as the two daughters of John de Vaux, adding that Matilda married “domino Willielmo de Ros et genuit Willelmum primogenitum suum...[537].  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievall Abbey records that "Willielmum de Ros" married "Matildam de Vaus hæredem medietatis terrarium Johannis de Vaux"[538].  Inquisitions following a writ dated "15 Edw I" after the death of "John de Vallibus...on Thursday before the Exaltation of the Holy Cross 15 Edw I” name “Petronilla [...aged 28...[who married] William de Nerford] and Maud [...aged 26...[who] married William de Ros] his daughters are his next heirs and of full age[539]m (before 1287) WILLIAM de Ros, son of ROBERT de Ros & his wife Isabel de Albini (-[12 May/16 Aug] 1316, bur Kirkham). 

d)         OLIVER de Vaux .  An undated manuscript names “Robertum, Will. et Ioh. et Oliverum” as the sons of Oliver de Vaux[540]

3.         JOHN de Vaux .  An undated manuscript names “Willielmum [error for Robertum, see below], Oliverum, Johannem, Philippum, Rogerum et Hugonem, et quendam Willielmum” as the sons of Robert, son of William de Vaux[541]

4.         PHILIP de Vaux .  An undated manuscript names “Willielmum [error for Robertum, see below], Oliverum, Johannem, Philippum, Rogerum et Hugonem, et quendam Willielmum” as the sons of Robert, son of William de Vaux[542]

5.         ROGER de Vaux .  An undated manuscript names “Willielmum [error for Robertum, see below], Oliverum, Johannem, Philippum, Rogerum et Hugonem, et quendam Willielmum” as the sons of Robert, son of William de Vaux[543]same person as...?  ROGER de Vaux (-after 1165).  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Huberti de Vallibus” founded Lanercost priory, Cumberland, for the souls of “patris mei Huberti et matris meæ Greciæ”, by undated charter dated to 1165, witnessed by “…Roberto de Vallibus juniore…Rogero de Vallibus…Willielmo de Vallibus filio de Roberti de Vallibus…[544]

6.         HUGH de Vaux .  An undated manuscript names “Willielmum [error for Robertum, see below], Oliverum, Johannem, Philippum, Rogerum et Hugonem, et quendam Willielmum” as the sons of Robert, son of William de Vaux[545]

7.         WILLIAM de Vaux .  An undated manuscript names “Willielmum [error for Robertum, see below], Oliverum, Johannem, Philippum, Rogerum et Hugonem, et quendam Willielmum” as the sons of Robert, son of William de Vaux[546]

 

 

1.         RALPH de Vaux (-killed 1186).  Ralph de Diceto’s Abbreviationes Chronicorum record in 1186 that “Radulfus de Vallibus” was killed by “Henrico de Ver[547]

 

 

1.         HUBERT de Vaux of Irthington, Cumberland (-after 1167).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Huberti de Vaus" held one knight’s fee from "honoris de Wartre" in Yorkshire[548].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Herbertus de Vallibus i m de feodo de Wartre" in Yorkshire in [1167/68][549].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Robertus de Vallibus" holding "Coupland" in Cumberland, adding that King Henry II had first granted it to "Huberto de Vallibus antecessori suo"[550]m GRACE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to 1165 under which her son “Robertus de Vallibus filius Huberti de Vallibus” founded Lanercost priory, Cumberland, for the souls of “patris mei Huberti et matris meæ Greciæ[551].  Hubert & his wife had three children: 

a)         ROBERT de Vaux (-1194).  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Huberti de Vallibus” founded Lanercost priory, Cumberland, for the souls of “patris mei Huberti et matris meæ Greciæ”, by undated charter dated to 1165, witnessed by “…Roberto de Vallibus juniore…Rogero de Vallibus…Willielmo de Vallibus filio de Roberti de Vallibus…[552].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus de Vaux" held five knights’ fees from "comitis Hugonis" in Norfolk[553].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Vallibus xl s" in Northumberland in [1171/72][554].  "Robertus de Wall" donated land "in Goseford" to St Bees by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone de Morevill…Ricardo de Beauchamp…"[555].  “Robertus de Wallibus” donated land "in villa mea de Crogelyn" to Wetherhal priory, Cumberland by undated charter[556].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Rannulfus de Vallibus" owing "c m de debito fratris sui Roberti" in Norfolk & Suffolk[557]m as her second husband, ADA Engaine, widow of SIMON de Morville, daughter of WILLIAM Engaine & his wife Eustachie ---.  Her parentage and two marriages are shown in The Complete Peerage[558].  Robert & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [ROBERT .  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Huberti de Vallibus” founded Lanercost priory, Cumberland, for the souls of “patris mei Huberti et matris meæ Greciæ”, by undated charter dated to 1165, witnessed by “…Roberto de Vallibus juniore…Rogero de Vallibus…Willielmo de Vallibus filio de Roberti de Vallibus…[559].  No other explanation has yet been found for "Roberto de Vallibus juniore" other than that he was the son of the founder.  If this parentage is correct, Robert must have predeceased his father whose heir is recorded as his brother Ranulf (see below).] 

b)         RANULF de Vaux (-[1210/12]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Ranulfus de Vallibus" paying "xl s, ii milites" in Cumberland[560].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Rannulfus de Vallibus" owing "c m de debito fratris sui Roberti" in Norfolk & Suffolk[561].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Ranulfus de Vallibus" holding one knight`s fee in Yorkshire in [1210/12][562]m ALICE, daughter of --- (-after 19 Dec 1212).  An order dated 15 Oct 1212 confirmed that "domina Alic de Vallibus…ex parte Roberti de Vallibus filii sui" gave to the king as a hostage "Robertum filium Willielmi de Vallibus de Ellebotle"[563].  King John ordered the liberation of "Alicia de Vallibus matrem sua et Greciam sororem suam et Hubertum filium ipsius Roberti et Rolandum fratrem eius bastardum et Thomam Walense filium filii Amite predicte Alic" now that "Robertus de Vallibus" was held in captivity, by order dated 19 Dec 1212[564].  An order dated 24 Apr 1229 following inquisition found that "Eustachius de Durevill" had, three years before being hanged for felony, sold "redditum de Cumpton" to “Alicie de Vallibus” who had granted it to “Willelmo de Wydiworth in maritagium cum Gretia filia sua”, that it had been confiscated by the king at the time of the hanging, but that the sheriff of Somerset should now return it[565].  Ranulf & his wife had two children: 

i)          ROBERT de Vaux (-after 19 Dec 1212).  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Ranulphi” confirmed donations to Wetherhal priory, Cumberland by undated charter, witnessed by "…Huberto de Vallibus…"[566].  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Ranulphi de Vallibus” confirmed donations to Wetherhal priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Huberto de Vallibus, Rollando de Vallibus…"[567].  "Robert de Vallibus" donated land in Seavington, Somerset to Bruton, at the request of "Alice his mother", by undated charter[568].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Vallibus" holding two knights’ fees in Cumberland in [1210/12][569].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Robertus de Vallibus" holding "Coupland" in Cumberland, adding that King Henry II had first granted it to "Huberto de Vallibus antecessori suo"[570].  King John ordered the liberation of "Alicia de Vallibus matrem sua et Greciam sororem suam et Hubertum filium ipsius Roberti et Rolandum fratrem eius bastardum et Thomam Walense filium filii Amite predicte Alic" now that "Robertus de Vallibus" was held in captivity, by order dated 19 Dec 1212[571].  "Robert de Vallibus" donated land in Seavington, Somerset to Bruton, at the request of "Alice his mother", by undated charter[572]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

(a)       HUBERT de Vaux .  A manuscript recording “baronum et dominorum…baronia Gilleslandiæ” names “Hubertus de Vallibus filius Roberti [filius Ranulphi][573].  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Ranulphi” confirmed donations to Wetherhal priory, Cumberland by undated charter, witnessed by "…Huberto de Vallibus…"[574].  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Ranulphi de Vallibus” confirmed donations to Wetherhal priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Huberto de Vallibus, Rollando de Vallibus…"[575].  King John ordered the liberation of "Alicia de Vallibus matrem sua et Greciam sororem suam et Hubertum filium ipsius Roberti et Rolandum fratrem eius bastardum et Thomam Walense filium filii Amite predicte Alic" now that "Robertus de Vallibus" was held in captivity, by order dated 19 Dec 1212[576]m ---.  The name of Hubert’s wife is not known.  Hubert & his wife had one child: 

(1)       MATILDA de Vaux (-19 May 1293).  A manuscript recording “baronum et dominorum…baronia Gilleslandiæ” names “Matildis de Vallibus filia Huberti de Vallibus Ob. 23 Edw I” as wife of “Thomas de Multon…Ob. 25 Hen III[577].  “Matildis de Vallibus Domina de Gillesland” donated property to Wetherhal priory, for the soul of "Domini mei Thomæ de Multon", by charter dtaed 29 Jun 1270, witnessed by "…Ranulpho de Vallibus…"[578].  The Chronicle of Lanercost records the death "die sancti Dunstani" (dated to 1294 or 1295 from the context) of "domina Matildis de Multona domina de Gilleslande, mater predictæ Thomæ" (whose death is recorded just before this entry)[579].  A writ dated 28 May "21 Edw I", after the death of "Maud de Multon alias de Muleton, de Molton", records "Thomas son of Thomas de Moleton aged 30 or more is her next heir" and "manors held of James de Muleton her son…for life of Sir Hubert her son"[580]m THOMAS de Multon, son of THOMAS de Multon & his second wife Ada de Morville (-1271). 

ii)         GRACE de Vaux (-after 24 Apr 1229).  King John ordered the liberation of "Alicia de Vallibus matrem sua et Greciam sororem suam et Hubertum filium ipsius Roberti et Rolandum fratrem eius bastardum et Thomam Walense filium filii Amite predicte Alic" now that "Robertus de Vallibus" was held in captivity, by order dated 19 Dec 1212[581].  King John ordered the release of "Alicie de Vallibus Greciam filiam suam" by order dated 9 Oct 1213[582].  An order dated 24 Apr 1229 following inquisition found that "Eustachius de Durevill" had, three years before being hanged for felony, sold "redditum de Cumpton" to “Alicie de Vallibus” who had granted it to “Willelmo de Wydiworth in maritagium cum Gretia filia sua”, that it had been confiscated by the king at the time of the hanging, but that the sheriff of Somerset should now return it[583]m WILLIAM de Widiworth, son of --- (-after 24 Apr 1229). 

Ranulf had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

iii)        ROLAND .  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Ranulphi de Vallibus” confirmed donations to Wetherhal priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Huberto de Vallibus, Rollando de Vallibus…"[584].  King John ordered the liberation of "Alicia de Vallibus matrem sua et Greciam sororem suam et Hubertum filium ipsius Roberti et Rolandum fratrem eius bastardum et Thomam Walense filium filii Amite predicte Alic" now that "Robertus de Vallibus" was held in captivity, by order dated 19 Dec 1212[585]

c)         [WILLIAM de Vaux (-[1166]).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus de Wall[ibus]" held thirty knights’ fees from "comitis Hugonis" in Norfolk[586].]  same person as…?  WILLIAM de Vaux of Ellebottle .  m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT de Vaux (-after 15 Oct 1212).  An order dated 15 Oct 1212 confirmed that "domina Alic de Vallibus…ex parte Roberti de Vallibus filii sui" gave to the king as a hostage "Robertum filium Willielmi de Vallibus de Ellebotle"[587]

 

 

1.         PETER de Vaux (-after [1158/59]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "xxiii m de militibus Petri de Vallibus" in Norfolk and Suffolk in [1158/59][588]

 

2.         ALEXANDER de Vaux (-after 30 Jan 1196).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Alexander de Vallibus" held one half of one knight’s fee from "comitis Hugonis" in Norfolk[589].  The Feet of Fines records the judgment dated 30 Jan or 6 Feb 1196 in a claim by "Willelmus filius Radulfi" against "Alex de Vallibus" concerning land "in Barsham et in Rigefeld" in Suffolk[590]

 

3.         HUGH de Vaux (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Hugo de Vallibus" holding one half of one knight’s fee "in Wicheham" in Kent in [1210/12][591]

 

4.         PETER de Vaux (-after 1219)m (1208 or after) as her second husband, EMMA de Umfraville, widow of WALTER FitzGilbert, daughter of --- (-after 1219).  "Petrus de Vallibus" paid a fine to marry "Emma de Umfravill q fuit ux Walteri fil Gillbert si ipsa voluit", in Northumberland, dated 1208[592].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Emma que fuit uxor Walteri filii Giliberti…maritata Petro de Vallibus" holding land in Northumberland[593].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Northumberland, dated to [1226/28], which includes "Emma de Aydene est de donacione domini regis et maritata est Petro de Vallibus per Johannem Regem...Alina et Aleysia filie predicte Emme maritate sunt Jacobo de Kauz et Johanni de Kauz per Johannem Regem..."[594]

 

5.         WILLIAM de Vauxm ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALEXANDER de Vaux (-after 1227).  Bracton notes a claim, dated 1227, by "Richerus de Strattona et Beatricia uxor eius" against "Alexandrum de Vallibus" for "terre…in Clypespy…dotem suam unde Henricus de Asegareby quondam vir suus eam dotavit", the plaintiffs claiming that "Willelmus de Vallibus pater Alexandri" disseised Henry from the land while the defendant claimed that the land was "maritagio matris sue"[595].

 

6.         WILLIAM de Vaux .  "Willelmus de Vallibus" donated "ecclesie de Golyn" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "domini mei Willelmi regis Scottorum", by undated charter[596]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         JOHN de Vaux .  "Johannes de Vallibus" confirmed the donation of "ecclesie de Golyn" made by "pater meus" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "domini mei Alexandri regis Scottorum…salva possessione Willelmi de Vallibus fratris mei in vita sua", by undated charter[597].  "Johannes de Wallibus" donated "unum croftum…in Golyn" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "Ade de Wallibus quondam uxoris mee", by undated charter[598]m ADA, daughter of ---.  "Johannes de Wallibus" donated "unum croftum…in Golyn" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "Ade de Wallibus quondam uxoris mee", by undated charter[599]

b)         WILLIAM de Vaux .  "Johannes de Vallibus" confirmed the donation of "ecclesie de Golyn" made by "pater meus" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "domini mei Alexandri regis Scottorum…salva possessione Willelmi de Vallibus fratris mei in vita sua", by undated charter[600].  "Willelmus de Vallibus" donated "ecclesie de Golyn" to Dryburgh monastery by undated charter[601]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Vaux of Tharston and Wisset (-before 9 May 1251).  The executors of the will of "William de Vallibus formerly husband of Alienor de Ferrers, one of the heirs of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke" requested restoration of his part of the inheritance by charter dated 9 May 1251[602]m (before 5 Dec 1252) as her first husband, ELEANOR Ferrers, daughter of WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his first wife Sibyl Marshal of Pembroke (-before 20 Oct 1274, bur Leeds Priory).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Agnes, secunda Isabella, tertia Matilda, quarta Sibilla, quinta Johanna, sexta Alianora, septima Agatha" as the seven daughters of "Willielmo de Ferrers comiti Derbiæ" and his wife "quarta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Sibilla", adding that "Alianora sexta filia" was "comitissa de Wintonia" and died childless[603].  A charter dated 26 May 1250 records the restoration of property, granted to "Margaret Countess of Lincoln", to "William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, William de Fortibus and Matilda his wife, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king’s custody, Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife, and William de Cantilupe and Eva his wife"[604].  She married secondly (before 5 Dec 1252) as his third wife, Roger de Quincy Earl of Winchester.  Her second marriage is confirmed by the Annals of Ireland which record that “Sibilla comitissa de Ferreys” had seven daughters (in order) “quinta, Elianora de Varis, quæ fuit uxor comitis Wintonie…[605].  Matthew Paris records her husband's remarriage soon after the death of his second wife, but does not name his third wife[606].  "Rogerus de Quincy" donated "boscum nostrum de Gleddiswod" to Dryburgh monastery, for the souls of "nostre et Alyenore sponse mee et…Alani de Galwythya et Helene filie sue quondam sponse nostro", by undated charter[607].  She married thirdly (1267) as his second wife, Roger de Leyburn.  King Edward I ordered the the escheator of Ireland to take all the lands of the deceased "Alianora widow of Roger de Quency earl of Winchester" into the hands of the king by charter dated 25 Oct 1274[608]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Vaux .  "Robertus de Wallibus" donated land "Stanyacre in territorio de Elbotyll" to Dryburgh monastery, for the souls of "mee et uxoris mee et prioris uxoris mee", by undated charter[609]m firstly ---.  m secondly ---.  Robert & his [first/second] wife had one child: 

a)         JOHN de Vaux .  "Johannes de Wallibus filius Roberti de Wallibus" confirmed the donation "Stanyacre in territorio de Elbotyll" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "mee et uxoris mee", by undated charter[610].

 

 

1.         JOHN de Vaux .  "Alexander de Balliolo dominus de Caveris" donated "medietatem bosci de Gladiswod que quondam fuit domini Johannis de Wallibus et domine Deruorgille sponse sue" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "domini Gwido fratris mei", by undated charter, dated to before 1265[611]m DEVORGUILLA, daughter of ---.  "Alexander de Balliolo dominus de Caveris" donated "medietatem bosci de Gladiswod que quondam fuit domini Johannis de Wallibus et domine Deruorgille sponse sue" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "domini Gwido fratris mei", by undated charter[612]

 

2.         RANULF de Vaux (-after 29 Jun 1270).  “Matildis de Vallibus Domina de Gillesland” donated property to Wetherhal priory, for the soul of "Domini mei Thomæ de Multon", by charter dtaed 29 Jun 1270, witnessed by "…Ranulpho de Vallibus…"[613]

 

 

1.         JOHN de Vauxm ---.  The name of John’s wife is not known.  John & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALEXANDER de Vaux .  "Alex de Vallibus miles" confirmed the donation made by "bone memorie dñs Johannes de Vallibus pater noster" to the church of Glasgow by undated charter[614].  "Alexander de Wallibus dominus de Dyrlton" donated "jus patronatum ecclesie de Golyn" to Dryburgh monasteryby undated charter[615]

 

 

 

 

VERDUN

 

 

Loyd suggests that the Verdun family took their name from Verdun, a fief in the parish of Vessey, canton Pontorson, in the present-day French département of Manche[616]

 

 

1.         BERTRAM de Verdun (-before 1129).  Domesday Book records “Bertram de Verdun” holding Farnham Royal in Stoke Hundred in Buckinghamshire[617].  “Bertramo de Verdun” witnessed a charter dated to [1086/87] under which William I King of England notified restoration of land to the archbishop of York[618].  “Henricus de Clintona" confirmed donations to Kenilworth priory, Warwickshire, founded by "G. de Clinton avus meus", including the donation by "Lecelinæ et concessione Bertrami de Verduno filio eius" of "ecclesiam de Etha", by undated charter[619].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Bosward” by “Bertramus de Verduno[620]m ---.  The name of Bertram’s wife is not known.  Bertram & his wife had one child: 

a)         NORMAN de Verdun .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   The Leicestershire Survey, dated to [1124/29], records "in Hallested Normannus de Verdun" in Tilton Hundred[621].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Normano de Verduim" exempted in Staffordshire and "pro terra patris sui" in Leicestershire[622].  “…Normannus de Verdune…” witnessed the undated charter under which "Enisanus et Ernaldus filius meus" donated "ecclesiam S. Ulfadi de Stanes" to Kenilworth[623]m LESCELINE de Clinton, daughter of GEOFFREY de Clinton & his wife Lesceline ---.  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by a claim dated 29 Sep 1207 against "Ricardus de Canvill et Eustachia uxor sua" relating to "ecclesiam de Hethe" which "Lecelina de Clinton avia ipsius Nicolai…Bertrami de Verdun" had donated to Kenilworth priory[624].  Norman & his wife had four children: 

i)          BERTRAM de Verdun (-[Aug] 1192, bur Acre).  "Bertram de Verdum" granted land at Long Whatton, Leicestershire to "Wauchelino filio Baldewini et Aeliz uxori sue", which was held by "mater uxoris predicti Walchelini" during the reign of King Henry I, by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II[625]

-         see below

ii)         [WILLIAM de Verdun .  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records that "Manaserus Judeus de Gipesw" owed gold "pro recto de xx m versus Willelmum de Verdun et Bertrannum fratrem suum"[626].  It is not known whether William’s brother "Bertrannum" was the same person as Bertram de Verdun, son of Norman de Verdun.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus de Verdone" held six knights’ fees from "comitis Hugonis" in Norfolk[627].]  m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GUY de Verdun (-after 1225).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Wido de Verdun" holding one half of one knight’s fee in "Hecham" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1210/12][628].  "William Tollemache and Alice his wife" paid a fine for "having a pone" for their claim against "Guy de Verdun and Alice his wife" relating to land "in Kettleburgh" in Suffolk, dated 18 Jan 1219[629]m ALICE, daughter of --- (-after 1225).  "William Tollemache and Alice his wife" paid a fee for "having a pone" for their claim against "Guy de Verdun and Alice his wife" relating to land "in Kettleburgh" in Suffolk, dated 18 Jan 1219[630].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1225, by "Willelmus Talesmasche et Alicia uxor eius" against "Widonem de Verdun et Aliciam uxorem eius" for a fine "in Hecham", the defendant claiming that "Robertus de Cokefeldia frater…Sabina […antecessor Willelmi et Alicia]" had granted the land "in maritagium Willelmo de Valeines cum Alicia sorore sua", that it passed to "Ade […filium Roberti filii Umfridi] filii predicte Sabine"[631]

iii)        HUBERT de Verdun of Ipstones, Staffordshire . 

iv)       [ALICE de Verdun Her marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which "Normannus Panton" confirmed to "Ranulpho de Tetesworth" the rights granted by "Alicia de Verdon mater mea, consensu Willi Panton fratis mei" in "villa de Rudierd"[632].  Her precise parentage is not known, but both the chronology and the name of her son suggest that Alice was probably the daughter of Norman de Verdun.  m [as his second wife,] IVO Pantulf, son of [ROBERT Pantulf & his wife ---] (-after [1175/76]).] 

 

 

BERTRAM de Verdun, son of NORMAN de Verdun & his wife Lesceline de Clinton (-[Aug] 1192, bur Acre).  "Bertram de Verdum" granted land at Long Whatton, Leicestershire to "Wauchelino filio Baldewini et Aeliz uxori sue", which was held by "mater uxoris predicti Walchelini" during the reign of King Henry I, by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II[633].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "Bertram de Verdone" in Staffordshire[634].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Bertram de Verson i m" in Staffordshire in [1167/68][635].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Bertram de Verdone xx s" in Staffordshire in [1171/72][636].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Bertrannus de Verdun" in Warwickshire and Leicestershire[637].  "…Bertr de Verd…" subscribed the charter dated to [29 Aug 1176/1179] under which Henry II King of England confirmed an agreement between the bishop of Ely and the Templars[638].  "…Bertranno de Verduno…" subscribed the charter dated to [1183/89] under which Henry II King of England confirmed income from the prévôté de Valoignes and the forest of Brix for the hospital de la Madeleine[639].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Bertram de Verdone xx s pro uno militis" in Staffordshire in [1186/87][640].  “Bertramus de Verdun” founded Croxden abbey, for the souls of “Normanni de Verdune patris mei et Lucelinæ matris meæ et Richardi de Humez qui me nutrivit” and for the salvation of “mea et Roehais uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Roberto de Verdun, Waltero de Canvile, Ada de Aldithelee...Willielmo Pantouf, Radulpho de Biseche, Rogero Bagot, Philippo de Draicote, Milone de Verdun[641].  The Chronicle of Croxden records the death in 1192 of “Bertramus de Verdun fundator” and his burial “in die sancti Bartholomei apud Acon[642].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records that "Manaserus Judeus de Gipesw" owed gold "pro recto de xx m versus Willelmum de Verdun et Bertrannum fratrem suum"[643]

m firstly MATILDA de Ferrers, daughter of ROBERT de Ferrers Earl [of Derby] & his wife Margaret -–.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

m secondly ROHESE, daughter of ---.  “Bertramus de Verdun” founded Croxden abbey, for the souls of “Normanni de Verdune patris mei et Lucelinæ matris meæ et Richardi de Humez qui me nutrivit” and for the salvation of “mea et Roehais uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[644].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Nicholaus de Verdon" holding land "in honore Lancastrie extra Limam" in Lancashire which "Roays mater eius" held[645].  

Bertram & his [first/second] wife had one child: 

1.         THOMAS de Verdun (-Ireland 1199).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Thomas de Verdun" paying "xx s" in Staffordshire[646].  The Chronicle of Croxden records the death in 1199 of “Thomas de Verdun in Hibernia” and the succession of “Nicholaus frater suus[647]m ([1194]) as her first husband, EUSTACHIA Basset, daughter of GILBERT Basset & his wife Aigeline ---.  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Gillebertus Basset…pro filia sua maritanda Tome de Verdun" in Oxfordshire[648].  She married secondly ([1199]) Richard Camville.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Nicholaus de Verdun" against "Andream de Bradeshulla" relating to property held by "Ricardum de Kaumvilla et Eustachiam uxorem eius…dotem ipsius Eustachie de dono ipsius Thome de Kaumuilla [error for Verdun] fratris primogeniti ipsius Nicholai et primi viri ipsius Eustachie" and which was previously held by "Bertramus de Verdun pater suus et Thomas de Verdun frater suus"[649]

Bertram & his second wife had two children: 

2.         NICHOLAS de Verdun (-[24 Nov 1228/Oct 1231]).  The Chronicle of Croxden records the death in 1199 of “Thomas de Verdun in Hibernia” and the succession of “Nicholaus frater suus[650].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Nicholaus de Verdun" holding one knight’s fee in "Lynberge et Stalburge de feodo W[illelmi] de Hom[ez]" in Lincolnshire, and three parts "in Kyrkeby" in Lancashire, in [1210/12][651].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land from bishop of Worcester, whose assets had been confiscated by King John, dated to [1208/13]: "Nicholaus de Verdun" held "in Fekho dimidium militem de Eytropo Hasteing, et Eytropus de episcopo…in comitatu Warwic"[652].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Nicholaus de Verdon" holding land "in honore Lancastrie extra Limam" in Lancashire which "Roays mater eius" held[653].  Henry III King of England granted the upbringing of "L. princeps Norwallie et Johanna uxor sua et…soror nostra Susannam filiam suam" to "Nicholao de Verdun et Clementie uxori sue" by order dated 24 Nov 1228[654]m CLEMENTIA, daughter of --- (-after 1231).  Henry III King of England granted the upbringing of "L. princeps Norwallie et Johanna uxor sua et…soror nostra Susannam filiam suam" to "Nicholao de Verdun et Clementie uxori sue" by order dated 24 Nov 1228[655].  Henry III King of England granted seisin of "terris quas Nicholaus de Verdun et Clemencia uxor eius tenuerunt in balliva sua nomine ipsius Clemencie" to "mortis predicti Nicholai, eidem Clemencie", dated 1231[656].  Nicholas & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROHESE de Verdun (-10 Feb 1247, bur Priory of Grace-Dieu, Belton).  A charter dated 19 Jul 1230 records that Henry III King of England granted custody of "the lands and heirs of Theobald Fitz Walter and marriage of the heirs" to Richard Earl of Cornwall "saving to Rohesia who was his wife, her dower out of them"[657].  Henry III King of England granted "terris que fuerunt...Theobaldi quondam viri sui in Anglia...dotem suam" to "Rohesie que fuit uxor Theobaldi pincerne", dated 1231[658].  A charter dated 23 Oct 1231 records that "Rohesia daughter and heir of Nicholas de Verdun made with the king a fine of 700 marks for her relief that she may have seisin of her father’s lands at his death…"[659].  The Chronicle of Croxden records the death “IV Id Feb” 1248 of “domina Roysia de Verdun fundatrix abbatiæ de Crokesden” and the succession of “dominus Johannes de Verdun filius eius[660].  "John de Verdun made a fine with the king of 1,300 marks to have seisin of the lands both in England and Ireland which had belonged to Rohesia de Verdun his mother and whose heir he is" by charter dated 3 May 1247[661].  Her son adopted his mother’s family name Verdun and was ancestor of the Lords Verdun (see IRELAND).  m ([1225]) as his second wife, THEOBALD Butler [le Botiller], son of THEOBALD Walter & his wife Maud Le Vavasour ([1200]-1230). 

b)         MATILDA de Verdun (-27 Nov 1283).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by an inquisition after the death of "Robert Waleraund" which records that the deceased held "Stupellaunton [Wiltshire]...of the gift of Lady Maud de Albo Monasterio sometime the wife of Sir John son of Alan, who had the land in free marriage from Lady Clemence de Verdun her mother"[662].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.   m firstly (before 1240) JOHN FitzAlan, son of JOHN FitzAlan & his first wife Isabel d’Aubigny of the Earls of Arundel ([May 1223]-1267 before 10 Nov).  m secondly RICHARD de Amundeville, son of --- (-after 1286).

3.         LESCELINE de Verdun (-after 1225).  The Annals of Dunstable record that “Hugo de Lasci” repudiated his legitimate wife for adultery in 1225[663].  King Henry III notified William Marshall Earl of Pembroke, by charter dated 12 May 1226, that "he commits to Walter de Lascy the custody of…the land which Hugh de Lascy held in Ulster…with the castles of Rathour and Le Nober which he had in marriage with Leceline his wife of the fee of Nicholas de Verdun"[664]m as his first wife, HUGH de Lacy Earl of Ulster, son of HUGH de Lacy Lord of Meath & his first wife Rose de Monmouth ([1176]-before 26 Dec 1242, bur Carrickfergus, Convent of the Franciscan Friars). 

 

 

1.         WALTER de Verdun (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Walterus de Verdun" held one knight’s fee in "Blokesham" in Oxfordshire from "Henrici de Oyli" and three knights’ fees from "Willelmo comite de Warwico" in Warwickshire[665]m ---.  The name of Walter’s wife is not known.  Walter & his wife had one child: 

a)         daughter .  m --- de Mare, son of ---.  One child: 

i)          HUGH de Mare (-after 1216).  "Hug de Mara" paid a fine for "saisina de maneriis de Chenmore et de Sidenham, q hereditarie debent ei descende ex parte Walteri de Vernun avi sui", dated [Oct] 1216[666]

 

2.         ROBERT de Verdun .  “Bertramus de Verdun” founded Croxden abbey, for the souls of “Normanni de Verdune patris mei et Lucelinæ matris meæ et Richardi de Humez qui me nutrivit” and for the salvation of “mea et Roehais uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Roberto de Verdun, Waltero de Canvile, Ada de Aldithelee...Willielmo Pantouf, Radulpho de Biseche, Rogero Bagot, Philippo de Draicote, Milone de Verdun[667]

 

3.         MILO de Verdun .  “Bertramus de Verdun” founded Croxden abbey, for the souls of “Normanni de Verdune patris mei et Lucelinæ matris meæ et Richardi de Humez qui me nutrivit” and for the salvation of “mea et Roehais uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Roberto de Verdun, Waltero de Canvile, Ada de Aldithelee...Willielmo Pantouf, Radulpho de Biseche, Rogero Bagot, Philippo de Draicote, Milone de Verdun[668]

 

 

Two siblings, parents not yet identified: 

1.         WALTER de Verdun (-before [Mar] 1229).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "de his qui non habent capitales honores…Waltero de Verdone" paying "xx s" in Oxfordshire[669].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1220, by "Walterus de Verdun" against "abbatem de Meaudona" for "aduocacionem ecclesie de Langedona" granted by "Robertus de Sutton" to "Willelmo de Bigod in maritagium cum filia sua"[670].  Henry III King of England granted repayment terms to "Amauricus de Sancto Amando" for the debts of "Waltero de verdun avunculo suo cuius heres ipse est", dated 2 Sep 1231[671]m ---.  The name of Walter’s wife is not known.  Walter & his wife had one child: 

a)         RALPH de Verdun (-before [Oct] 1230).  "Ralph de Verdun" gave security for "full seisin of a knight’s fee in the vill de Bloxham which Walter de Verdun his father held of the king in chief", dated [Mar] 1229[672].  "Ralph de Verdun, son and heir of Walter de Verdun" gave security for "the debt that Walter owed the king", dated [Mar] 1229[673].  "Aymer de Saint Amand" paid homage to the king "for the lands which Ralph de Verdun his kinsman whose heir he is and who died in parts overseas with the king, held of the king in chief in England" [in Kent], dated [Oct] 1230[674]

2.         --- de Verdun .  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the order dated 2 Sep 1231 under which Henry III King of England granted repayment terms to [her son] "Amauricus de Sancto Amando" for the debts of "Waltero de verdun avunculo suo cuius heres ipse est"[675]m --- de Saint-Amand, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Verdun (-after 1210).  The Complete Peerage states that "William de Verdon and his wife Maud, sister of Isabel, wife of Osbert de Wachesham" are named in a lawsuit concerning land at Cransford, Suffolk, dated 1205/06, but does not cite the primary source[676].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus de Verdum" holding a fourth part of one knight’s fee "in Culfho" in Lancashire in [1210/12][677].  He was probable ancestor of the Lords Verdon[678]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  The Complete Peerage states that "William de Verdon and his wife Maud, sister of Isabel, wife of Osbert de Wachesham" are named in a lawsuit concerning land at Cransford, Suffolk, dated 1205/06, but does not cite the primary source[679]

 

 

1.         ROGER de Verdun (-after [Sep] 1226).  "Roger de Verdun and Agnes his wife" were demanded "the Jewish debts of Hugh de Cheyney, brother of the aforesaid Agnes, from a prest made to him…in the lifetime of William de Cheyney, his father and father of the aforesaid Agnes, whose heir she is", dated to [Sep] 1226[680]m AGNES de Chesney, daughter of WILLIAM [II] de Chesney & his wife --- (-after [Sep] 1226).  "Roger de Verdun and Agnes his wife" were demanded "the Jewish debts of Hugh de Cheyney, brother of the aforesaid Agnes, from a prest made to him…in the lifetime of William de Cheyney, his father and father of the aforesaid Agnes, whose heir she is", dated to [Sep] 1226[681]

 

 

1.         GUY de Verdun (-after [Mar] 1216).  "Wydo de Verdun" paid a fine for returning to the king’s service (Norfolk and Suffolk) and gave "Johannem filium suum" as hostage, dated [Mar] 1216[682]m ---.  The name of Guy’s wife is not known.  Guy & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOHN de Verdun (-after [Mar] 1216).  "Wydo de Verdun" paid a fine for returning to the king’s service (Norfolk and Suffolk) and gave "Johannem filium suum" as hostage, dated [Mar] 1216[683]

 

 

 

JOHN de Verdun, son of THEOBALD Butler [Le Botiller] & his second wife Rohese de Verdun of Alton, Staffordshire ([1226]-before 17 Oct 1274).  He adopted his mother’s family name Verdun.  The Chronicle of Croxden records the death “IV Id Feb” 1248 of “domina Roysia de Verdun fundatrix abbatiæ de Crokesden” and the succession of “dominus Johannes de Verdun filius eius[684].  "John de Verdun made a fine with the king of 1,300 marks to have seisin of the lands both in England and Ireland which had belonged to Rohesia de Verdun his mother and whose heir he is" by charter dated 3 May 1247[685].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 17 Oct "2 Edw I" following the death of "John de Verdun" name “Theobald his son is his next heir and of full age...aged 22 and more[686]

m firstly (before 14 May 1244) MARGERY de Lacy, daughter of GILBERT de Lacy of Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire & his wife Isabel Bigod of the Earls of Norfolk (-before 1256).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Margeria et Matilda" as the daughters and co-heiresses of "Gilberto de Lacy" and his wife, adding that Margery married "Johanni de Verdon" (and lists three generations of their descendants)[687].  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Margeria, uxor Johannis de Verdon” as daughter and heiress of “Gilbertus de Lacy”, son of “Walterus de Lacy”, and also lists their descendants[688].  A charter dated 14 May 1244 restored to "John de Verdun and Margaret his wife, granddaughter and one of the heirs of Walter de Lascy, and to Peter de Geneve and Matilda his wife, granddaughter and another of Walter’s heirs, all the lands in Meath whereof Walter was seised at his death"[689]

m secondly (before 1267) ELEANOR, daughter of --- (-after 10 Jun 1278). 

John & his first wife had children: 

1.         NICHOLAS de Verdun (-killed 1271).  The Annals of Ulster record in 1269 that "the son of John de Verdon was killed by Walter de Burgh[690].  The date of Nicholas’s death is corrected in two other sources.  The Annals of the Four Masters record in 1271 that “Nicholas the son of John Verdun Lord of Oriel was slain by Geoffry O’Farrell[691].  James Grace’s Annales Hiberniæ (probably dated to [1537/39]) record in 1271 that “Nicolaus de Verdon et Johannes frater eius” were killed[692]

2.         JOHN de Verdun (-killed 1271).  James Grace’s Annales Hiberniæ (probably dated to [1537/39]) record in 1271 that “Nicolaus de Verdon et Johannes frater eius” were killed[693]

3.         THEOBALD de Verdun ([1248]-Alton 24 Aug 1309).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord Verdunm (before 6 Nov 1276) MARGERY, daughter of ---.  Theobald & his wife had children: 

a)         JOHN de Verdun (-Ireland 13 Jun 1297). 

b)         THEOBALD de Verdun (8 Sep 1278-Alton 27 Jul 1316, bur Croxden Abbey)Lord Verdun.  m firstly (29 Jul 1302) MATILDA de Mortimer, son of EDMUND [I] de Mortimer Lord Mortimer & his wife Margaret de Fiennes (-before 1316).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Wigmore Abbey names “Rogerus primogenitus…Matilda…Johanna…Johannes, Elizabetha…Hugo…Walterus…et Edmundus” as children of “Edmundus de Mortuomari…Rogeri de Mortuomari…secundogenitus” and his wife “Margaretam…filiam domini Willielmi de Fendles de Hispania”, adding that Matilda married “Teobaldo de Verdun, domino medietatis de Lodelowe, filio Johannis de Verdon et Margeriæ filiæ Gilberti de Lacy[694].  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records the first marriage of "Theobaldo Verdon" and "Matildam filiam domini Edmondi de Mortuo Mari", and names their children "Johannes et Willilemus et iii filiæ…Johanna, Elizabetha et Margeria"[695]m secondly (near Bristol 4 Feb 1316) as her second husband, ELIZABETH de Clare, widow of JOHN de Burgh of Ulster, daughter of GILBERT de Clare Earl of Gloucester & his second wife Joan of England "of Acre" (Tewkesbury 16 Sep 1295-4 Nov 1360).  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Elianoram, Elizabetham, et Margaretam” as the three daughters of “Gilbertus secundus” and his wife “Johanna de Acres, filia regis Edwardi primi”, adding in a later passage that Elizabeth had three husbands “Johannem de Borow comitem de Holvestre…[696].  The Annales Londonienses record the marriage "ad festum Sancti Michaelis" in 1308 of "filius comitis Ultoniæ" and "sororem comitis Claudiocestriæ"[697].  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records the second marriage of "Theobaldo Verdon" and "Elizabetham de Burgo, nuper uxorem Johannis de Burgo filii comitis Ultoniæ, sororem Gilberti de Clare comitis Gloucestriæ", and names their children "Isabella et Katherina"[698].  She married thirdly (1317) Roger Damory.  The will of "Elizabeth de Burg Lady of Clare", dated 25 Sep 1355, proved 3 Dec 1360, chose burial “in the Sisters Minories beyond Aldgate, London”, requested masses for the souls of "Monsr John de Bourg, Monsr Theobaud de Verdon and Monsr Roger Dammory my lords", bequeathed property to “dame Elizabeth countess of Ulster, the debt which my son, her father, owed me at his death...my daughter Bardolf...Monsr John Bardolf and to my said daughter his wife...my joesne fille Isabel Bardolf to her marriage, Agnes her sister to her marriage...Monsieur William de Ferrers...Monsr Thomas Furnival...my daughter Countess of Athol...[699].  Theobald & his first wife had three children: 

i)          JOAN de Verdun (Wootton in Stanton Lacy, Shropshire 9 or 11 Aug 1303-Alton 2 Oct 1334, bur Croxden Abbey)m firstly (1317) JOHN de Montagu, son of WILLIAM de Montagu Lord Montagu & his wife Elizabeth de Montfort (-Aug 1317, bur Lincoln Cathedral).  m secondly (24 Feb 1318) THOMAS de Furnivalle Lord Furnivalle, son of ---.   

ii)         ELIZABETH de Verdun (-1360, bur Grey Friars, London)m (before 11 Jun 1320) BARTHOLOMEW Burghersh Lord Burghersh, son of ROBERT Burghersh & his wife Maud Badlesmere (-3 Aug 1355, bur Grey Friars, London). 

iii)        MARGERY de Verdun

Theobald & his second wife had one child: 

iv)       ISABEL de Verdun (Amesbury, Wiltshire 21 Mar 1317-25 Jul 1349).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the will of "Elizabeth de Burg Lady of Clare", dated 25 Sep 1355, proved 3 Dec 1360, which bequeathed property to “dame Elizabeth countess of Ulster, the debt which my son, her father, owed me at his death...my daughter Bardolf...Monsr John Bardolf and to my said daughter his wife...my joesne fille Isabel Bardolf to her marriage, Agnes her sister to her marriage...Monsieur William de Ferrers...Monsr Thomas Furnival...my daughter Countess of Athol...[700]m (before 20 Feb 1331) HENRY de Ferrers Lord Ferrers (of Groby), son of WILLIAM de Ferrers Lord Ferrers (of Groby) & his wife Ellen --- ([1302/03]-Groby 15 Sep 1343, bur Ulvescroft Priory). 

 

 

 

 

VERNON

 

 

RICHARD de Reviers, son of GUILLAUME de Vernon & his wife Emma --- (-8 Sep 1107, bur Abbey de Montebourg[701]).  His parentage is surmised by the references to his supposed brother Hugues and the latter's parents.  Seigneur de Reviers, de Vernon et de Néhou in Normandy.  Domesday Book records “Richard de Vernon” holding Ashton, Picton, Leftwich, Wharton, Davenham, Poulton and other properties in Cheshire[702].  "…Ricardus de Rederis…" witnessed the charter dated 24 Apr 1089 under which Robert III Duke of Normandy donated property to Bayeux cathedral[703].  Orderic Vitalis names “Hugonem comitem et Ricardum de Radveriis...Rodbertum de Molbraio” as the main supporters of “Henricus clito” who governed “Abrincas et Cæsarisburgum et Constantiam atque Guabreium” [Avranches, Cherbourg, Coutances, Gavray], dated to [1090][704].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Ford Abbey records that Henry I King of England granted the honors of ”primo Tiverton, ac postea…Plimton…in comitemque Devon…[et] insulam Vectæ” to “Ricardo de Redveriis[705].  Lord of Tiverton and Plimton in Devonshire, and Lord of the Isle of Wight.  An undated charter of Richard’s grandson "Ricardus de Redveriis filius Baldewini comitis Exonie" donated property to the abbey of Loders, Dorset founded by "Ricardus de Redveris avus meus"[706].  The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "8 Sep" of "Ricardus de Reveriis"[707]

m ADELISE Peverel, daughter of WILLIAM Peverel of Nottingham & his wife Adeline --- ([1075/80]-after 27 May 1156).  “Adeliz de Redveriis” donated property to “abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi”, for the souls of “patris mei Willelmi Pevrel et matris mee Adeline”, with the consent of “filiorum meorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de sancte Marie ecclesia et fratris mei Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Redveriis Henrici atque Willelmi” by undated charter[708].  Her husband’s name is confirmed by another charter under which “Adeliz de Reviers” donated property to “abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi”, for the soul of “domini mei Ricardi de Reviers”, also undated[709].  The chronology of her descendants suggests that she must have been born not later than [1075/80].  "Adeliz de Redveris" donated property to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of "patris mei…Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham…et matris mee Adeline", with the consent of "filiorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de ---…et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Reveris, Henrici atque Willelmi", by undated charter, witnessed by "…Stephanus de Magnevilla…Willelmus Avenel…"[710].  "Adeliza de Reviers" wrote to Goscelin Bishop of Salisbury, by charter dated to [1142/55], notifying him of her donation to the abbey of Sainte-Marie, Montebourg of property which "her father William Peverel of Nottingham" gave with her to "Richard de Reviers"[711].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Montebourg, including donations by "…Ricardi de Reviers…Adelicie uxoris…concessu filiorum suorum comitis Balduini et Roberti de Sancte Marie Ecclesia…", by charter dated to [Oct 1174/1182][712]

Richard & his wife had five children: 

1.         BALDWIN de Reviers ([1090/1100]-1155).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Ford Abbey names ”Baldwinum” as first son of “Ricardo de Redveriis[713].  “Adeliz de Redveriis” donated property to “abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi”, for the souls of “patris mei Willelmi Pevrel et matris mee Adeline”, with the consent of “filiorum meorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de sancte Marie ecclesia et fratris mei Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Redveriis Henrici atque Willelmi” by undated charter[714].  "Baldwin earl of Exeter" confirmed the donations to the abbey of Sainte-Marie, Montebourg by "his father Richard de Reveriis" by charter dated to [1142/55][715].  Earl of Devon 1141. 

-        EARLS of DEVON

2.         WILLIAM de Vernon (-[16 Jun] after Sep 1151).  “Adeliz de Redveriis” donated property to “abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi”, for the souls of “patris mei Willelmi Pevrel et matris mee Adeline”, with the consent of “filiorum meorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de sancte Marie ecclesia et fratris mei Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Redveriis Henrici atque Willelmi” by undated charter[716].  Seigneur de Vernon.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo de Vernun" in Dorsetshire, Wiltshire[717].  "Baldwin earl of Exeter" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Marie, Montebourg with the consent of "his sons Richard, Henry and his brothers William de Vernone and Robert de Sancte Marie Ecclesia" by charter dated to [1142/55][718].  "…Willelmus de Vernone…" witnessed the charter dated to [1147] under which "Henricus ducis Normannorum et comitis Andegavorum filius" confirmed the rights of the abbey of Saint-Ouen[719].  "…Willelmus de Vernone…" witnessed the charter dated to [end 1150/early Sep 1151] under which "H. dux Normannorum" granted privileges to the citizens of Rouen[720].  "…Willelmo de Vernone…" witnessed the charter dated to [Sep 1151/Jan 1153] under which "Henricus dux Norm et comes Andeg" confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Fontenay at the request of "Jordani Taxonis"[721].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Blanchelande, including donations by "…Ricardus de Haya et Matildis uxor eius, predicte ecclesie fundatores, et Radulfus de Haya Ricardi nepos, et Willelmus de Vernone et Ricardus eius filius…" by charter dated 1157[722].  [The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "16 Jun" of "Guillelmus de Vernone ultimus"[723].]  m LUCY de Tancarville, daughter of GUILLAUME de Tancarville & his wife Mathilde d'Arques.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   William & his wife had six children: 

a)         RICHARD de Vernon (-[3 Jul] after 1195).  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Blanchelande, including donations by "…Ricardus de Haya et Matildis uxor eius, predicte ecclesie fundatores, et Radulfus de Haya Ricardi nepos, et Willelmus de Vernone et Ricardus eius filius…" by charter dated 1157[724].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Richardus de Vernone" with 10 knights "de honore de Nehashou" and 30 knights "in Constentino" in his own service[725].  "…Ricardo Vernone…" subscribed the charter dated [1172/78] under which Henry II King of England confirmed the freedoms of the city of Rouen[726].  “Ricardus de Vernone” confirmed privileges granted to Jumièges by “Hugonis de Vernone patrui mei”, with the consent of “Willelmi de Vernone patris mei...fratris sui”, by charter dated [24 Mar 1174/12 Apr 1175], witnessed by “...Hugone de Vernone fratre meo...[727].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Montebourg, including donations by "…Willelmi de Vernone et Ricardi filii eius…", by charter dated to [Oct 1174/1182], signed by "…Ricardo de Vernone…"[728].  "Ricardo de Vernone…Willelmo de Vernone juniore" subscribed the charter dated to [Oct 1174/1182] under which Henry II King of England granted duty exemptions to the abbey of Montebourg[729].  “Ricardus de Vernone pater et Ricardus filius meus" denied their oath to Richard I King of England and recognised the suzerainty ot Philippe II King of France over "Vernonem cum castellania" by charter dated Jan 1195 (maybe O.S.)[730].  [The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "3 Jul" of "Ricardus de Vernone"[731].]  m LUCY, daughter of --- (-26 Jul ----).  The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "26 Jul" of "Lucia uxor Ricardi de Vernone"[732]Richard & his wife had one child: 

i)          RICHARD de Vernon (-after 1195).  “Ricardus de Vernone pater et Ricardus filius meus" denied their oath to Richard I King of England and recognised the suzerainty ot Philippe II King of France over "Vernonem cum castellania" by charter dated Jan 1195 (maybe O.S.)[733]m ELIZABETH, daughter of --- (-14 Aug ----).  The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "14 Aug" of "Elizabeth uxor Ricardi de Vernone"[734]

b)         BAUDOUIN de Vernon (-young).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

c)         HUGH .  “Ricardus de Vernone” confirmed privileges granted to Jumièges by “Hugonis de Vernone patrui mei”, with the consent of “Willelmi de Vernone patris mei...fratris sui”, by charter dated [24 Mar 1174/12 Apr 1175], witnessed by “...Hugone de Vernone fratre meo...[735]

d)         DROGO .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

e)         JULIANA (-[21 May ----]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  [The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "21 May" of "Juliana de Vernone"[736].]  m WILLIAM de Venoix

f)          [MATILDA .  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Blanchelande, including donations by "…Ricardus de Haya et Matildis uxor eius, predicte ecclesie fundatores, et Radulfus de Haya Ricardi nepos, et Willelmus de Vernone et Ricardus eius filius…" by charter dated 1157[737].  This charter does not specify that Richard’s wife was the daughter of Guillaume de Vernon but this appears to be a likely possibility.  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessai, including donations by "Ricardus de Haia et Matildis uxor sua", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][738]m RICHARD de la Haye, son of ROBERT de la Haye & his wife Muriel --- (-1169, bur Blanchelande abbey).] 

3.         ROBERT .  “Adeliz de Redveriis” donated property to “abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi”, for the souls of “patris mei Willelmi Pevrel et matris mee Adeline”, with the consent of “filiorum meorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de sancte Marie ecclesia et fratris mei Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Redveriis Henrici atque Willelmi” by undated charter[739].  "Baldwin earl of Exeter" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Marie, Montebourg with the consent of "his sons Richard, Henry and his brothers William de Vernone and Robert de Sancte Marie Ecclesia" by charter dated to [1142/55][740].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Montebourg, including donations by "…Ricardi de Reviers…Adelicie uxoris…concessu filiorum suorum comitis Balduini et Roberti de Sancte Marie Ecclesia…", by charter dated to [Oct 1174/1182][741]

4.         HUGH .  “Ricardus de Vernone” confirmed privileges granted to Jumièges by “Hugonis de Vernone patrui mei”, with the consent of “Willelmi de Vernone patris mei...fratris sui”, by charter dated [24 Mar 1174/12 Apr 1175], witnessed by “...Hugone de Vernone fratre meo...[742]

5.         HAWISE .  A manuscript detailing the descendants of the founders of Twinham Priory names “Hadwysam de Rumara comitissam Lincolniæ” as daughter of “Ricardus de Radvers comes Devoniæ…ex Adeliza comitissa uxore sua[743], although other sources do not show that her father bore the comital title.  “Willielmus de Romara comes de Lincolnia et Willielmus filius eius et Hawdewissa comitissa uxor eius” founded Revesby abbey by undated charter[744]m WILLIAM de Roumare, son of ROGER FitzGerold de Roumare & his wife Lucy --- ([1096]-before 1161).  He was created Earl of Lincoln 1141 by King Stephen. 

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Reviers (-17 Sep ----).  "Ricardo de Vernone…Willelmo de Vernone juniore" subscribed the charter dated to [Oct 1174/1182] under which Henry II King of England granted duty exemptions to the abbey of Montebourg[745]The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "17 Sep" of "Guillelmus de Reveriis secundus"[746]m ALICE, daughter of --- (-30 Sep ----).  The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "30 Sep" of "Alicia uxor Guillelmi de Reveriis secundi"[747]

 

2.         MARGARET de Vernon (-after 1205).  "Margar de V’noñ" paid a fine for "hereditate sua…Freskewater in insula de Wicht q fuit saisita in manu dni R occoe mortis Johis Arsic viri sui", dated 1205[748].  "Thom de Stoke" made a fine in part payment of money owed by "Petr de Stoke…de fine que Margar de Vern ux sua…" in Hampshire, dated 1205[749]m firstly JOHN Arsic, son of --- (-before 1205).  m secondly (1205) PETER de Stokes, son of ---. 

 

 

 

 

VESCY

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Vescy .  Domesday Book records “Robert de Vessey” holding land in Braybrooke in Northamptonshire; several properties in Leicestershire[750].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Suthferiby” by “Robertus de Vescy[751]

 

2.         YVES de Vescy .  Lord of Alnwick and Malton, Yorkshire.  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Gilling in Ridale” by “Ivo de Vescy[752]m ALDA Tyson, daughter of WILLIAM Tyson Lord of Alnwick and Malton & his wife ---.  An undated charter relating to Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland records that ”Yvo de Vescy” married “filiam…Willielmi Tyson domini baroniarum de Alnewyk et de Maltone[753].  Yves & his wife had one child: 

a)         BEATRICE de Vescy .  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory records the marriage of “Eustachius filius Johannis” and “filia et hærede Ivonis de Vescey”, adding that she died giving birth to their son William[754].  An undated charter recording the foundation of Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland recites a donation by ”Willielmi de Vescy, filii Eustachii, filii Johannis”, for the souls of “patris mei Eustachii et matris meæ Beatricis[755]m as his first wife, EUSTACHE FitzJohn, son of JOHN & his wife --- (before 1100-1157). 

 

 

 

1.         RANULF (-before 1061).  A charter of Guillaume II Duke of Normandy dated 1061 records that the abbot of Mont Saint-Michel had wrongfully sold property to “Ralf the moneyer[756].  Another document dealing with the same matter also records that the abbot of Mont Saint-Michel had wrongfully sold property to “Ranulf the moneyer” but that it was inherited by “Gualeran son of Ranulf” who sold it back to the abbey[757]m ---.  The name of Ranulf’s wife is not known.  Ranulf & his wife had four children: 

a)         OSBERN .  “…Rannulfus Monetarius et Osbernus filius eius…” witnessed an undated charter of “Roger son of Hugh bishop of Coutances” for the abbey of Saint-Amand, Rouen[758]

b)         WALERAN .  A document records that the abbot of Mont Saint-Michel had wrongfully sold property to “Ranulf the moneyer” but that it was inherited by “Gualeran son of Ranulf” who sold it back to the abbey[759].  The charter dated 1080 which records the foundation of Caen Sainte-Trinité, before 1066, lists property including that sold by "Waleranno filio Rannulfi monetarii" in Caen and "in Amblida unum molendinum et illam terram quam frater suus Conanus in eaden villa tenuit in alodio"[760]

c)         [RICHARD .  No direct proof has been found that Richard was the son of Ranulf.  However, this parentage is inferred from a document which records that the abbot of Mont Saint-Michel had wrongfully sold property to “Ranulf the moneyer”, that it was inherited by “Gualeran son of Ranulf” who sold it back to the abbey, that it was claimed by “John of Richard” who “some fifteen years…later” seized the property, and that judgment in the ensuing dispute was awarded to the abbey[761].  In addition, Richard’s son is named “Johannes nepos Walerami” (presumably Waleran, son of Ranulf, see above) in his capacity as holder of the manor of Elsenham, Essex in Domesday Book[762], although this phrase does not exclude the possibility that the relationship was through a sister of Waleran and that Richard was her husband.]  m ---.  The name of Richard’s wife is not known.  Richard & his wife had one child:

i)          JOHN .  A document records that the abbot of Mont Saint-Michel had wrongfully sold property to “Ranulf the moneyer” but that it was inherited by “Gualeran son of Ranulf” who sold it back to the abbey, that it was claimed by “John of Richard” who “some fifteen years…later” seized the property, judgment in the ensuing dispute being awarded to the abbey[763]

-         see below

d)         CONAN .  The charter dated 1080 which records the foundation of Caen Sainte-Trinité, before 1066, lists property including that sold by "Waleranno filio Rannulfi monetarii" in Caen and "in Amblida unum molendinum et illam terram quam frater suus Conanus in eaden villa tenuit in alodio"[764]

 

 

JOHN, son of [RICHARD & his wife ---] .  A document records that the abbot of Mont Saint-Michel had wrongfully sold property to “Ranulf the moneyer” but that it was inherited by “Gualeran son of Ranulf” who sold it back to the abbey, that it was claimed by “John of Richard” who “some fifteen years…later” seized the property, judgment in the ensuing dispute being awarded to the abbey[765].  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory records that “Johannis pater primi Eustachii et Serlo de Burgo, sive de Pembrok” were brothers[766].  The Complete Peerage sets out the arguments which refute this hypothesis[767]

m ---.  The name of John’s wife is not known. 

John & his wife had five children:

1.         PAYN FitzJohn of Ewyas, Herefordshire (before 1100-killed 10 Jul 1137, bur Gloucester Abbey).  "…Pag fil Johis…" subscribed the charter dated to [10 Apr/29 May] 1121 which records the arrangements for the marriage of "Miloni de Gloec" and "Sibilia filia Beorndi de Novo Mercato"[768].  "…Pag fil Johis…" subscribed the charter date [3/10] Jun 1123 under which Henry I King of England granted the lands of "Edrici fil Chetelli" to "Walto de Gloec"[769].  A charter of King Henry I dated 1133 is witnessed by Payn FitzJohn, Eustache and William his brothers[770].  Sheriff of Hereford and Shropshire.  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Paganus filius Joannis…et Milo" were killed, dated to [1137/40][771]m SIBYLLA de Lacy, daughter of GEOFFREY Talbot & his wife Agnes [de Lacy] (-after 1138).  King Stephen confirmed to The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   “Sibilla de Lacy” notified her bailiffs and foresters that she had donated “land of Leghe near the church of St Michael” to “my uncle Walter abbot of Gloucester”, for the souls of “myself and my husband Payne Fitz-john”, by charter dated to [1130/39][772].  "Rogo filio Milonis Gloec et Cecilie uxori sue filie Pag fil Johis" the lands of her father, including land which "Pag dedit Sibille uxoris sue in dote", by charter dated to [Dec 1137/May 1138][773].  Roger Bishop of Salisbury instructed "Sibille q fuit uxor Pag fil Johis" to restore property which her husband had granted to "Rogo fil Milon Gloec cum Cecilia filia tua p-mogenita" by charter dated 1138[774].  Payn & his wife had two children: 

a)         CECILY (-1207[775]).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Lilleshall Abbey, Shropshire records that “Rogerus comes Hereford” married “vicecomes Paganus…filiam[776].  King Stephen confirmed to "Rogo filio Milonis Gloec et Cecilie uxori sue filie Pag fil Johis" the lands of her father by charter dated to [Dec 1137/May 1138][777].  Heiress of Swanscombe, Kent.  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.   "Walter de Maine" confirmed the donation of land in Perriton to Bruton by undated charter witnessed by "Cecilia comitissa uxore mea…"[778].  "Walterus de Meduana" confirmed to King Henry II that he held "in capite...xx milites" in Kent which “Galfridus Tallebot” had held on the death of King Henry I, dated 1166[779].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "comitissa Hereford quæ fuit uxor Walteri de Meduana" paying "xiv l x s de scutagio militum de veteri feffamento xxix milites" in Kent[780].  Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight’s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[781]m firstly (before [Dec 1137/May 1138]) ROGER FitzMiles, son of MILES Earl of Hereford & his wife Sibylle de Neufmarché (-1155, bur Llanthony Priory, Gloucester).  He succeeded his father in 1143 as Earl of Hereford.  m secondly GUILLAUME de Poitou, son of ---.  m thirdly (before 1166) GAUTHIER de Mayenne, son of JUHEL Seigneur de Mayenne & his wife Clémence de Ponthieu (-before 1191). 

b)         AGNES (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Holkham” held by “Agnes de Muntchenesy…lx annorum…filia Pagani filii Johannis”, adding that she had “iii filios primogenitus…Radulphus et secundus Willelmus…ambo milites, tertius…Hubertus…clericus…[et] ii filias…una nupta Stephano de Glanville et altera Willemo Painel[782].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.   Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight’s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[783]m firstly WARIN [I] de Munchensy, son of HUBERT [I] de Munchensy & his second wife Muriel de Valoignes (-before 1162).  m secondly (1162) HALENALD de Bidun, son of HALENALD de Bidun & his wife --- (-before 1185). 

2.         EUSTACE FitzJohn (before 1100-1157).  A charter of King Henry I dated 1133 is witnessed by Payn FitzJohn, Eustache and William his brothers[784].  "…Eustachius filius Johannis…" witnessed the charter of Ramsey abbey dated to [1133/37] which records that "Walterus de Bolebeche…Heylenius uxor sua et Hugo filius suus" donated "terram de Waltone"[785].  "Walter de Gaunt" founded Bridlington priory, with the assent of Henry I King of England, by undated charter, witnessed by "…Eustace FitzJohn…"[786].  An undated charter records the foundation of Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland by ”Eustachius filius Johannis”, for the soul of “Ivonis de Vescy” and the health of “Willielmi de Vescy filii mei[787].  “Eustachius filius Johannis…et uxor mea Agneta” founded Watton priory by charter dated to [1150][788]m firstly BEATRICE de Vescy, daughter of YVES de Vescy Lord of Alnwick and Malton, Yorkshire & his wife [Alda Tyson].  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory records the marriage of “Eustachius filius Johannis” and “filia et hærede Ivonis de Vescey”, adding that she died giving birth to their son William[789].  An undated charter recording the foundation of Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland recites a donation by ”Willielmi de Vescy, filii Eustachii, filii Johannis”, for the souls of “patris mei Eustachii et matris meæ Beatricis[790]m secondly as her first husband, AGNES, daughter of WILLIAM FitzNeel Constable of Chester, Baron of Halton & his wife ---.  “Eustachius filius Johannis…et uxor mea Agneta” founded Watton priory by charter dated to [1150][791].  “Agnes filia Willelmi constabularii Cestrie” confirmed an exchange of property made by “dominus Eustachius vir meus” with the nuns of Watton, for the souls of “Ricardi filii mei et Galfridi”, by charter dated to [1150/57], witnessed by “…Rogerus filius Willelmi constabularii…[792].  Agnes married secondly (after 1157) Robert FitzCount.  Eustace & his first wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Vescy (-before Nov 1183, bur Alnwick Abbey).  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory names “Willielmum” as son of “Eustachius filius Johannis” and his wife “filia et hærede Ivonis de Vescey”, adding that he adopted the name Vescy from his mother’s family[793]

-        see below

Eustace & his second wife had two children: 

b)         RICHARD FitzEustace (-1163).  “Agnes filia Willelmi constabularii Cestrie” confirmed an exchange of property made by “dominus Eustachius vir meus” with the nuns of Watton, for the souls of “Ricardi filii mei et Galfridi”, by charter dated to [1150/57], witnessed by “…Rogerus filius Willelmi constabularii…[794]

-        see below

c)         GEOFFREY FitzEustace .  “Willelmus de Vescy” confirmed donations made by “pater meus Eustachius filius Johannis” to the nuns of Watton, for the souls of “patris mei et uxoris sue Agnetis et…matris mee et fratrum meorum Ricardi et Gaufridi”, by charter dated to [1150/57], witnessed by “domino patre meo Eustachio…[795].  “Agnes filia Willelmi constabularii Cestrie” confirmed an exchange of property made by “dominus Eustachius vir meus” with the nuns of Watton, for the souls of “Ricardi filii mei et Galfridi”, by charter dated to [1150/57], witnessed by “…Rogerus filius Willelmi constabularii…[796]

3.         WILLIAM FitzJohn (-after 1133).  A charter of King Henry I dated 1133 is witnessed by Payn FitzJohn, Eustache and William his brothers[797].  Steward and justiciar of King Henry I in Normandy.  same person as…?  WILLIAM FitzJohn (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records the seven knights` fees held by "Willelmus filius Johannis" from the king in Dorset "de honore Moretoniæ"[798]

4.         ADELAIS .  King Stephen granted Barking abbey to "Adel[ide] sorori Pag[ani] filii Joh[annis]" by charter dated to [1136/Aug 1138], witnessed by "…E[ustachio] filio Joh[annis]"[799].  Abbess of Barking. 

5.         AGNES ([1125]-after 1185).  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the foundation of Binham monastery by “patris mei Petri de Valoniis”, by undated charter, probably dated to after 1135, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis uxor mea, Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes filii mei…"[800].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[801].  “Agnes de Valoniis” notified “filio suo Petro...ceterisque filiis suis” of her donation of “terre mee de Westleye” made to Binham priory, for the souls of “domini mei R. et...mea et...fratris mei Pagani...filiorum filiarumque...meorum” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogerus de Valoniis et Johannes frater eius, Fulquius de Munpincun et Radulfus filius eius...[802].  “Robertus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus de Valoniis avus meus et Rogerus pater meus et Petrus de Valoniis frater meus et domina Agnes mater mea”, with the advice of "dominæ Agnetis matris meæ et Hadæwisæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[803].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Hortfurdburia et Hochwelle” held by “Agnes de Valeines…l annorum”, property “Hecham et Leic” held by “Agnes de Valuines…plusquam lx annorum”, and “Redefelde” held by “Agnes de Valuines…soror Pagani filii Johannis” adding that her heir is “filia eius et heres data est Durando de Ostili[804].  The Complete Peerage says that her age suggests that she may have been the daughter of a second marriage[805]m ROGER de Valoignes, son of PIERRE de Valoignes & his wife Agnes --- (-[1141/42]). 

 

 

RICHARD FitzEustace, son of EUSTACE FitzJohn & his second wife Agnes (-1163).  “Agnes filia Willelmi constabularii Cestrie” confirmed an exchange of property made by “dominus Eustachius vir meus” with the nuns of Watton, for the souls of “Ricardi filii mei et Galfridi”, by charter dated to [1150/57], witnessed by “…Rogerus filius Willelmi constabularii…[806]

m as her first husband, AUBREYE de Lisours, daughter of ROBERT de Lisours & his wife Aubreye [de Lacy] (-after Sep 1200).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family records that “Albreda vel Aubreia, filia Roberti Lisours, soror ex parte matris” succeeded on the death of “Robertus Lacy” and that she married “Richardus constabularius Cestriæ[807].  She married secondly as his second wife, William de ClairfaitDomesday Descendants records her second marriage but does not cite the corresponding primary source[808].  She married thirdly Geoffrey de Cauz.  Her third marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 12 Nov 1177 under which the Templars and “Radulfum filium Stephani” settled a dispute concerning “unam carucatam terre in Roueston” which “Galfridus de Cauz” had given to “Albrede de Lisuriis uxori sue in dotem” and “terram que fuit Roberti fratris Gaufridi de Cauz in Ruueston[809].  She married fourthly ([1178]) William FitzGodric.  "Willelmus filius Godrici" paid a fine for his marriage with "matre Johannis constabularii" in 1178[810].  A charter dated 1194 records a final agreement relating to a dispute between “Albredam de Lisores et Rogerum constabularium Cestrie nepotem suum” concerning the land of “Roberti de Lasci”, also naming “Roberti de Lisores patris ipsius Albrede” and “Willelmus filius prefate Albrede[811]

Richard & his wife had four children: 

1.         JOHN (-11 Oct 1183).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Johannes constabularium Cestriæ…et Robertum hospitalarem” as the sons of “Richardus constabularius Cestriæ” and his wife, adding that John founded “domus de Stanlaw…in Wirall in comitatu Cestriæ” in 1168 and was killed on Crusade “V Id Oct 1183[812].  Constable of Chester.  “Johannes constabularius Cestrie” confirmed donations made by “Eustachii filii Johannis avi mei et uxoris illius Agnetis avie mee” to the nuns of Watton by charter dated to [1175/90], witnessed by “…Rogero [filio] constabulario Cestrie…[813]m ALICE, daughter of [ROGER FitzRichard Lord of Warkworth] & his wife Adelisa de Vere of the Earls of Oxford.  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Aliciam Vere uxorem Willielmi Mandevill” as the wife of “Johannes constabularium Cestriæ”, son of “Richardus constabularius Cestriæ[814].  Her parentage is clarified by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Arenho” held by her mother “Alicia de Essex…amita comitis Willelmi et soror comitis Albrici”, adding that she had “ii filios milites et i filiam maritatam Johanni Constabulario Cestrie[815].  It is assumed that the reference to “Willielmi Mandevill” is somehow truncated and that he was not Alice’s first husband.  He would in fact have been Alice’s first cousin, son of her maternal aunt.  The source, however, only confirms the name of Alice’s mother.  According to Domesday Descendants, Alice was the daughter of Adelisa de Vere by her second husband, Roger FitzRichard Lord of Warkworth[816].  The primary source on which this statement is based has not been identified.  Until the question is further clarified, Alice’s father is shown above in square brackets.  John & his wife had [four or more] children: 

a)         ROGER (-1211, bur Stanlow Priory).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Rogerium de Hell…alium filium…Eustachium et plures alios” as the children of “Johannes constabularium Cestriæ” & his wife, adding that Roger was called “de Hell” by the Welsh because a Welsh rebellion was crushed there, and that he died in 1206 “in festo sancti Remigii” and was buried “in choro monachorum de Stanlaw[817].  Constable of Chester.  He was heir to his paternal grandmother's first cousin, Robert de Lacy, in 1193 and adopted the name Lacy.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Rogerus de Cestria successor Henrici de Lascy" paying "xliii l xv s, xliii milites et tres partes" in Yorkshire[818].  Matthew Paris records the death in 1211 of "Rogerus Cestriæ constabularius[819]m MATILDA de Clare, daughter of ROGER de Clare Earl of Hertford & his wife Matilda de Saint-Hilaire (-bur Stanlow Priory).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Matildam de Clare sororem thesaurarii Eborum ecclesie” as wife of Roger, son of John Constable of Chester, adding that she was buried “in choro monachorum de Stanlaw” with her husband[820].  Roger & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          [--- de Lacy (-[1201/06]).  Keith Stringer says that "one of the daughters of Roger de Lacy was evidently Alan’s first wife" and that "the manor of Kippax" was her dowry, quoting a charter, dated to [19 Dec 1200/1206], under which "Alanus filius Rollandi, dominus Galuuaith Scotie constabularius…et heredibus meis" gave quitclaim to "Rogero de Lascy Cestrie constabularius et heredibus suis" for "advocationem ecclesie de Kipeis"[821]m (before [19 Dec 1200/1206]) as his [first] wife, ALAN Lord of Galloway, son of ROLAND Lord of Galloway & his wife Helen de Moreville (-[2] Feb 1234, bur Dundraynan).] 

ii)         JOHN ([1192]-22 Jul 1240, bur Stanlaw, later transferred to Whalley).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Johannem, secundum constabularium, et comitem Lincolniæ” as son of Roger and his wife “Matildam de Clare[822].  Constable of Chester.  He was created Earl of Lincoln in 1232. 

-         EARLS of LINCOLN

b)         EUSTACHE .  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Rogerium de Hell…alium filium…Eustachium et plures alios” as the children of “Johannes constabularium Cestriæ” & his wife[823]

c)         RICHARD (-bur Norton).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Richardum” as brother of Roger, adding that he donated “villam de More”, contracted leprosy, and was buried “in capitulo canonicorum de Norton[824]

d)         another child or children .  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Rogerium de Hell…alium filium…Eustachium et plures alios” as the children of “Johannes constabularium Cestriæ” & his wife[825]

2.         ROBERT .  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Johannes constabularium Cestriæ…et Robertum hospitalarem” as the sons of “Richardus constabularius Cestriæ” and his wife[826].  Knights Hospitaller. 

3.         SARAH .  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Saram et Aubreiam” as the daughters of “Richardus constabularius Cestriæ” and his wife, adding that Sarah married “Roberto de Aldeworth[827]m ROBERT de Aldworth, son of ---. 

4.         AUBREYE .  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Saram et Aubreiam” as the daughters of “Richardus constabularius Cestriæ” and his wife, adding that Aubreye married “Henrico Biset[828]m HENRY Bisset, son of WILLIAM Bisset "Carpentarius" & his wife Susanna ---. 

 

 

WILLIAM de Vescy, son of EUSTACE FitzJohn & his first wife Beatrice de Vescy (-before Nov 1183, bur Alnwick Abbey).  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory names “Willielmum” as son of “Eustachius filius Johannis” and his wife “filia et hærede Ivonis de Vescey”, adding that he adopted the name Vescy from his mother’s family[829].  An undated charter records the foundation of Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland by ”Eustachius filius Johannis”, for the health of “Willielmi de Vescy filii mei[830].  “Willelmus de Vescy” confirmed donations made by “pater meus Eustachius filius Johannis” to the nuns of Watton, for the souls of “patris mei et uxoris sue Agnetis et…matris mee et fratrum meorum Ricardi et Gaufridi”, by charter dated to [1150/57], witnessed by “domino patre meo Eustachio…[831].  The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Wills de Vesci" first in the list for Northumberland[832].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus de Vesey xvii l xiii s, de novo xxviii s vii d" in Yorkshire in [1167/68][833].  An undated charter recording the foundation of Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland recites a donation by ”Willielmi de Vescy, filii Eustachii, filii Johannis”, for the souls of “patris mei Eustachii et matris meæ Beatricis[834].  “Willelmus de Vescy” donated property to the nuns of Watton by charter dated to before 1 Jul 1178, witnessed by “Willelmo de Vescy juniore…[835]

m (before [1169/71]) BURGA de Stuteville, daughter of ROBERT de Stuteville & his wife Helwise --- (-after 1185, bur Alnwick Abbey).  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory names “Burga sorore Willielmi de Stotevill” as wife of “Willielmum”, son of “Eustachius filius Johannis”, adding that her dowry was “villam de Langetone[836].  “Burge uxor domini Willielmi de Vesci” donated property “ecclesiam de Langatune…de maritagio meo” to Malton priory, for the souls of “domini mei Willielmi de Vesci et Eustachii filii nostri”, by undated charter[837]

William & his wife had five children: 

1.         WILLIAM de Vescy (-after [1 Jul 1178]).  “Willelmus de Vescy” donated property to the nuns of Watton by charter dated to before 1 Jul 1178, witnessed by “Willelmo de Vescy juniore…[838]

2.         EUSTACE de Vescy ([1169/71]-killed Barnard’s Castle Aug 1216).  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory names “Eustachium de Vescy” as son of “Willielmum”, son of “Eustachius filius Johannis”, and his wife[839]

-        see below

3.         WARIN de Vescy (-after [Jul] 1219).  A manuscript of Malton Priory names “Warino de Vesci” as “fratri…Eustach. avi…Willielmi de Vesci senioris[840].  “Varinus de Vesci” granted property to “Roberto de Elmete” by charter dated to [1190/1217][841].  Henry III King of England ordered "…Warinus de Vescy…" to enquire into the state of the forests "Eboraci" dated [Jul] 1219[842]m ---.  The name of Warin’s wife is not known.  Warin & his wife had one daughter: 

a)         MARGERY de Vescy (-after 1219).  A manuscript of Malton Priory names “Marjoriæ filiæ et hæredi” of “Warino de Vesci”, and records the descent of “Gilbertus de Aton” from her[843].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Margeria de Vescy" holding land[844].  m GILBERT de Aton, son of --- (-1235).  Their descendants were the heirs to the Vescy estates in Lincolnshire after the extinction of the descendants of Eustace de Vescy[845]

4.         MATILDA de Vescy .  An undated charter relating to Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland names ”Eustachium de Vescy, Matildam et Ceceliam” as the children of “Willielmus de Vescy senior” and his wife “sororem domini Roberti de Stutevill, domini de Cnarsburg, nomine Burgam”, adding that Matilda married “Thomæ de Muscampo” by whom she had “Robertus de Muscampo, de quo…alius Robertus de Muscampo, de quo Isabella, quæ data fuit Willielmo de Huntercumbe, de quo Eustachius de Huntercumbe[846]m THOMAS de Muscamp, son of ---. 

5.         CECILIA de Vescy .  An undated charter relating to Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland names ”Eustachium de Vescy, Matildam et Ceceliam” as the children of “Willielmus de Vescy senior” and his wife “sororem domini Roberti de Stutevill, domini de Cnarsburg, nomine Burgam”, adding that Cecilia married “Hugoni de Bolbek seniori, qui genuit Walterum de Bolbek, qui Hugonem juniorem, qui Feliciam matrem domini Johannis de Lancastria[847]m HUGH de Bolebec, son of WALTER de Bolebec of Styford, Northumberland & his wife --- (1240). 

 

 

EUSTACE de Vescy, son of WILLIAM de Vescy & his wife Burga de Stuteville ([1169/71]-killed Barnard’s Castle Aug 1216).  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory names “Eustachium de Vescy” as son of “Willielmum”, son of “Eustachius filius Johannis”, and his wife[848].  An undated charter relating to Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland names ”Eustachium de Vescy, Matildam et Ceceliam” as the children of “Willielmus de Vescy senior” and his wife “sororem domini Roberti de Stutevill, domini de Cnarsburg, nomine Burgam[849].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Eustachius de Vescy" paying "xii l iii s iv d" in Yorkshire[850].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Eustachius de Vescy" holding "baroniam de Alnewike" with 12 knights’ fees in Northumberland in [1210/12][851].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Eustachius de Vesci" holding "baroniam de Alnewye…et molendinum de Warnet" in Northumberland which had been granted by King Henry I to "Eustachio filio Johannis antecessori ipsius Eustachii"[852].  Suspected of treason against John King of England, he fled to Scotland in 1212, was outlawed in England and his property seized.  The Annals of Worcester record that “Eustachius de Vesci” fled to Scotland in 1212[853].  After being invited back to England after King John submitted to the Pope, Eustace was restored.  He was, however, among the leaders of the barons who required the king to sign Magna Carta.  He was marching from the north with Alexander II King of Scotland to do homage to Louis de France at Dover when he was killed during the siege of Barnard Castle[854]. 

m (Roxburgh 1193) MARGARET, illegitimate daughter of WILLIAM “the Lion” King of Scotland & his mistress --- de Hythus (-after 13 Nov 1218).  The Chronicle of Melrose records the marriage in 1193 of "William king of the Scots…his daughter Margaret" and "Eustace de Vesci" at "Rokesburch"[855].  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory records that “Eustachium de Vescy” married “Margeria filia Will regis Scotiæ”, and his wife[856].  "Margarita de Vescy filia regis Scottis" donated revenue to Kelso monastery by charter dated to [1207] witnessed by "…Dno Eustachio de Vescy dno meo…"[857].  "Willelmus de Vesci" confirmed the donation of property "in territorio de Lillecliue" made to Melrose abbey by "Margerie matris mee" by undated charter[858].  Henry III King of England granted custody of "Willelmum filium et heredum Eustachii de Vescy" to "Margarete que fuit uxor Eustachii de Vescy" dated 4 Apr 1218[859].  Probably living 1226. 

Eustace & his wife had two children: 

1.         WILLIAM de Vescy (-Gascony before 7 Oct 1253, bur Watton Priory, Yorkshire).  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory names “Willielmum de Vescy secundum” as son of “Eustachium de Vescy” and his wife, adding that he was buried at Watton[860].  "Willelmus de Vesci" confirmed the donation of property "in territorio de Lillecliue" made to Melrose abbey by "Margerie matris mee" by undated charter[861].  Henry III King of England granted custody of "Willelmum filium et heredum Eustachii de Vescy" to "Margarete que fuit uxor Eustachii de Vescy" dated 4 Apr 1218[862].  "Willelmus de Vesci" confirmed the donation of property "in Molle" made by "Walterus filius Alani" to Melrose abbey y undated charter witnessed by "Willmo de Vescy fratre meo"[863].  A charter dated 28 Jun 1248 records that "Margaret late Countess of Lincoln…recovered her dower out of the lands in Ireland of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke her husband" and that the dower was "taken out of the portions of the inheritance which accrued to William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, Matilda de Kyme, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king’s custody, and Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife"[864].  A manuscript of Malton Priory records the death “1295 V Kal Aug” of “Willielmus de Vescy, pater eiusdem” (referring to “Johannes de Vesey”)[865]m firstly (shortly after 16 May 1226) ISABEL Longespee, daughter of WILLIAM Longespee Earl of Salisbury & his wife Ela of Salisbury (-before 1244, bur Alnwick Abbey).  The Book of Lacock names “Isabellam de Vescy…Elam…Idam de Camyle” as the daughters of “Guillelmus Longespe ex…Ela[866].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   m secondly (before 1244) AGNES de Ferrers, daughter of WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his first wife Sibyl Marshal of Pembroke (-11 May 1295, bur Scarborough, Greyfriars).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Agnes, secunda Isabella, tertia Matilda, quarta Sibilla, quinta Johanna, sexta Alianora, septima Agatha" as the seven daughters of "Willielmo de Ferrers comiti Derbiæ" and his wife "quarta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Sibilla", adding that Agnes married "Willielmo de Vescy"[867].  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory records that “Willielmum de Vescy secundum” married “Agnete filia comitis de Ferrariis[868].  The Annals of Ireland record that “Sibilla comitissa de Ferreys” had seven daughters (in order) “prima, Agnes de Vescy, mater domini Johannis et Domini Willelmi de Vescy…[869].  A charter dated 28 Jun 1248 records that "Margaret late Countess of Lincoln…recovered her dower out of the lands in Ireland of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke her husband" and that the dower was "taken out of the portions of the inheritance which accrued to William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, Matilda de Kyme, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king’s custody, and Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife"[870].  A charter dated 26 May 1250 records the restoration of property, granted to "Margaret Countess of Lincoln", to "William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, William de Fortibus and Matilda his wife, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king’s custody, Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife, and William de Cantilupe and Eva his wife"[871].  A manuscript of Malton Priory records the death “1295 V Id Mai” of “domina Agnes de Vescy, mater eiusdem” (referring to “Johannes de Vesey”)[872].  William & his second wife had two children: 

a)         JOHN de Vescy (18 Jul 1244-Montpellier 10 Feb 1289, bur Alnwick Abbey).  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory names “Johannem et Willielmum” as sons of “Willielmum de Vescy secundum” and his wife, adding that John died “apud Mumpelers” and was buried “apud Alnewyk[873].  The Annals of Ireland record that “Sibilla comitissa de Ferreys” had seven daughters (in order) “prima, Agnes de Vescy, mater domini Johannis et Domini Willelmi de Vescy…[874].  A manuscript of Malton Priory records the death “1288 IV Id Feb” of “dominus Johannes de Vesey[875].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 2 Apr "17 Edw I" after the death of "John de Vescy” name “William de Vescy his brother aged 40 and more is his next heir...Lady Agnes de Vescy his mother...William de Vescy the said John’s father...Isabel his wife[876]m firstly ([before 1262][877]) AGNESE di Saluzzo, daughter of MANFREDO III Marchese di Saluzzo (-after 4 Aug 1265, bur Pontefract Black Friars).  It is assumed that her marriage was arranged by Pierre Comte de Savoie who had been her husband's guardian from 12 Feb 1254, after the death of his father[878]m secondly ([3 Jan 1279/26 Dec 1280) ISABELLE de Beaumont, daughter of LOUIS de Brienne “d’Acre” & his wife Agnes de Beaumont (-before 1 Nov 1334, bur Scarborough Black Friars).  “Henry de Bello Monte Earl of Buchan [Boghane] and Murref and Constable of Scotland and Isabella, who was the wife of Dom. John de Vescy” issued an undated charter which recites earlier donations to Bridlington priory[879].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 2 Apr "17 Edw I" after the death of "John de Vescy” name “William de Vescy his brother aged 40 and more is his next heir...Lady Agnes de Vescy his mother...William de Vescy the said John’s father...Isabel his wife[880]

b)         WILLIAM de Vescy (19 Sep 1245-Malton 19 Jul 1297).  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory names “Johannem et Willielmum” as sons of “Willielmum de Vescy secundum” and his wife[881].  The Annals of Ireland record that “Sibilla comitissa de Ferreys” had seven daughters (in order) “prima, Agnes de Vescy, mater domini Johannis et Domini Willelmi de Vescy…[882].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 2 Apr "17 Edw I" after the death of "John de Vescy” name “William de Vescy his brother aged 40 and more is his next heir...Lady Agnes de Vescy his mother...William de Vescy the said John’s father...Isabel his wife[883].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord Vescy.  m (after 25 Jul 1266) as her second husband, ISABEL de Periton, widow of ROBERT de Welle, daughter of ADAM de Periton of Ellington, Northumberland & his wife [Sarah ---] (-before 5 Jan 1315).  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory records that “Willielmum de Vescy”, son of “Willielmum de Vescy secundum”, married “Isabella filia Roberti de Peryngton…relicta domini Roberti de Welles[884]Mistress (1): DEVORGUILLA, daughter of DOMNALL Roe Macarthy Mor Prince of Desmond & his wife ---.  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory records that “Willielmum de Vescy”, son of “Willielmum de Vescy secundum”, married secondly “Devorgule filia cuiusdam reginæ Hiberniæ…Dovenald Rochmaccarti[885].  William & his first wife had one child: 

i)          JOHN de Vescy (14 Sep 1269-Conway, North Wales 27 Apr 1297, bur Malton).  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory names “Johannem de Vescy” as son of “Willielmum de Vescy” and his wife “Isabella filia Roberti de Peryngton…relicta domini Roberti de Welles”, adding that he died “apud Cuneway” childless and was buried “apud Maltone[886].  A manuscript of Malton Priory records the death “1297 VIII Kal Mai” of “dominus Johannes de Vesci junior[887]m firstly (after 27 Aug 1290) CLEMENCE, daughter of ---.  "William de Vescy" promised "Alianora Queen of England" that "John de Vescy his son" should "endow his wife Clemencia her cousin at the church door with a dower of 200l of land in the manors of Newesham and Sprouston" by charter dated 27 Aug 1290[888].  The parentage of Clemence, and her relationship to Eléonore de Provence Queen of England, has not yet been identified.  m secondly ISABELLA, daughter of --- (-3 Oct 1343).  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory records that “Johannem de Vescy”, son of “Willielmum de Vescy”, married “domina Isabella”, and that her dowry was “manerii de Eltham, juxta Grenewych[889]

William had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

ii)         WILLIAM de Vescy (-killed in battle Bannockburn 24 Jun 1314).  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory names “Willielmum” as son of “Willielmum de Vescy” and “Devorgule filia cuiusdam reginæ Hiberniæ…Dovenald Rochmaccarti[890].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1313 whereby he is held to have become Lord Vescy[891]

2.         WILLIAM de Vescy .  "Willelmus de Vesci" confirmed the donation of property "in Molle" made by "Walterus filius Alani" to Melrose abbey y undated charter witnessed by "Willmo de Vescy fratre meo"[892]

 

 

 

 

VESPONT

 

 

 

1.         JOHN de Vespont (-1241).  Lord of Westmoreland.  m AGNES Ferrers, daughter of WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his wife Agnes of Chester. 

 

2.         ROBERT de Vespont (-1264).  Lord of Westmoreland.  m ISABEL, daughter of JOHN FitzGeoffrey & his wife Isabel ---.  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that the fourth (unnamed) daughter of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…" married "domino --- de Westmoreland", adding that they had two daughters "Idonia et Isabella, de quibus una" married "Rogero de Clifford" by whom she had "Robertus de Clifford"[893]

 

 

 

 

WAKE

 

 

Stapleton states that "Baldwin Wac had the caput of his fief in Normandy at Négreville in the Cotentin"[894]

 

 

1.         GEOFFREY Wake (-before 1168).  "…Gaufridus Wac…" witnessed the charter dated to [1135/47] under which "Herbertum Piscem" settled a dispute with the church of Bayeux[895]m ---.  The name of Geoffrey’s wife is not known.  Geoffrey & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         HUGH Wake ([before 1130]-[1175/76]).  "…Hug Wac…" witnessed the undated charter issued at Stamford under which King Stephen granted Kirton in Lindsey and Gainsborough castle to William de Roumare Earl of Lincoln, dated to [1146][896].  This dating suggests that it is unlikely that Hugh Wake was born after [1130].  "…Hugo Wac…" witnessed the charter dated [Jan/Aug] 1153 under which Henry Duke of Normandy granted property to "Ran[ulfo] comiti Cestr[ie]"[897].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Hugo Wac i m" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire in [1161/62][898].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Hugo Wac" held one knight’s fee from "Hunfridi de Boun" in Wiltshire, and land previously held by "Baldewinus filius Gileberti" with one knight’s fee from "Willielmi comitis Gloucestriæ" in Gloucestershire[899].  "Hugo Wac" founded the abbey of Longues, for the souls of "Bauduini filii Gillberti et Emmæ filiæ eius uxoris meæ et…liberorum meorum Balduini et Gaufridi, et aliorum", and donated property including "decimam molini de Rebercil…meam partem molini de Ronceta…terram quam pater meus habuit in insula de Ghernesei…" by charter dated 1168, witnessed by "…Rogerio Wac…"[900].  Hugh’s parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1185/89] under which Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Longues, including "terram de Gernerui [Guernsey?] quam habuit Gaufridus Wac"[901], which presumably refers to the same land as mentioned in the 1168 charter.  m EMMA de Clare, daughter of BALDWIN FitzGilbert de Clare & his wife Adelina de Rollos (-before 1168).  "Hugo Wac" founded the abbey of Longues, for the souls of "Bauduini filii Gillberti et Emmæ filiæ eius uxoris meæ et…liberorum meorum Balduini et Gaufridi, et aliorum", by charter dated 1168[902].  A charter of King Edward III confirmed donations to Bourn Priory, among which a confirmation by “Emma Wac filia Baldwini” of a donation by “Hugo Wac, assensu conjugis suæ Emmæ…[et] filio suo Baldewino[903].  Hugh & his wife had one child: 

i)          BALDWIN Wake (-before Nov 1198).  "Hugo Wac" founded the abbey of Longues, for the souls of "Bauduini filii Gillberti et Emmæ filiæ eius uxoris meæ et…liberorum meorum Balduini et Gaufridi, et aliorum", by charter dated 1168[904].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Longues, including donations by "Hugonis Wac et Baldewini filii sui" and "terram de Gernerui [Guernsey?] quam habuit Gaufridus Wac", by charter dated to [1185/89][905].  “Baldewinus Wac” confirmed donations to Depyng priory, Lincolnshire by “avus meus Baldwinus filius Gilberti et pater meus Hugo Wac” by undated charter[906].  "Baudouin de Wac" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Marie-de-Longues by undated charter, witnessed by "Roger Wac"[907].  "Jordano de Humetis, Ricardo de Humetis, Baudewino Wac…Bartholomeo de Mortuo mari..:Willelmo de Sae, Henrico de Humetis fratre suo…" witnessed the charter dated to the late 12th century under which "Lucia de Humetis" donated revenue from land at Bradecroft, near Stamford to Southwick priory, Lincolnshire[908].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Baldewinus Wac" paying "ci s iii d" in Lincolnshire[909].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Baldewinus Wac" paying "x l ii s vi d" in Lincolnshire[910].  A charter of King Edward III confirmed donations to Bourn Priory, among which a confirmation by “Emma Wac filia Baldwini” of a donation by “Hugo Wac, assensu conjugis suæ Emmæ…[et] filio suo Baldewino[911]m (before 1189) as her first husband, AGNES du Hommet, daughter of WILLIAM du Hommet & his wife Lucy --- (-before 12 Nov 1223).  King John confirmed "terra de Wichenson [Winchendon, Buckinghamshire] q Willelmus de Humet pater suus dedit ei in maritagium per manu H. Reg patris nostri" to "Agneti Wak" by order dated 23 Mar 1207[912].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Agnes Wake" holding "medietatem de Winchende" in Buckinghamshire in [1210/12][913].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1221, by "abbas de Nutelegha" against "Agnetem Wace" for "medietatem manerii de Winchendona" which she said "Willelmus de Humet pater suis dedit ei in maritagium"[914].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Lincoln, dated 1219, which includes "Agnes Wach est de donacione domini regis; terra eius valet xx.l"[915].  She married secondly Ranulph de Vernay.  An order dated 12 Nov 1223 relates to payment of the fine made by "Ranulf de Vernay", while Agnes was still alive, for marrying "Agnes Wake…without the licence…of the king"[916].  Baldwin & his wife had one child: 

(a)       BALDWIN Wake (-before 20 Jul 1213).  "Will constab Norm et Bald Wac" made a fine in 1201 for possession of "terra ipsius Bald in Angl et Norm" and promised not to marry without the king’s consent[917].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land from the king in Hertfordshire, dated to [1204/12]: "Baldewinus Wak" held land "in Estwic, Roghamsted et Blakemere"[918].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Baldewinus Wake" holding one quarter of one knight’s fee "in Hatfelde" in Kent in [1210/12][919]m as her second husband, ISABEL de Briwere, widow of FULBERT de Dover, daughter of WILLIAM Briwere & his wife Beatrice --- (-[1226/10 Jun 1233]).  "Willelmus Briwer" paid a fine for "custodia terre et heredum Fobti de Dovr…et…custodia dotis Roes de Dovr" dated 1204[920].  King John confirmed "custodia terre et heredum Fobti de Dover" to "Willelmo Briw" with "maritagium eosdem heredum" by charter dated 6 Jan 1206[921].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1233, by [her son] "Hugo Wack" against "Margeriam de Feritate et Willelmum de Percy" relating to an agreement "cum Alicia de Moun et predicto Hugone" concerning share of land which was held by "Willelmi Briwere"[922].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of fees of William Briwere, dated 1234, records "[po]rcio Hugonis Wak"[923].  Baldwin & his wife had one child: 

(1)       HUGH Wake (-on Crusade before 18 Dec 1241).  Hugh Wake was a minor and the ward of his maternal grandfather William Briwere in Sep 1216[924]

-         see below

ii)         GEOFFREY Wake (-after 1168).  "Hugo Wac" founded the abbey of Longues, for the souls of "Bauduini filii Gillberti et Emmæ filiæ eius uxoris meæ et…liberorum meorum Balduini et Gaufridi, et aliorum", by charter dated 1168[925]

iii)        children .  "Hugo Wac" founded the abbey of Longues, for the souls of "Bauduini filii Gillberti et Emmæ filiæ eius uxoris meæ et…liberorum meorum Balduini et Gaufridi, et aliorum", by charter dated 1168[926].  It is not known how many other children there were. 

b)         [ROGER Wake (-after 1172).  It is assumed that Roger was the brother of Hugh Wake but the relationship has not yet been confirmed by any primary source.  "Hugo Wac" founded the abbey of Longues, for the souls of "Bauduini filii Gillberti et Emmæ filiæ eius uxoris meæ et…liberorum meorum Balduini et Gaufridi, et aliorum", by charter dated 1168, witnessed by "…Rogerio Wac…"[927]Gallia Christiana states that "Rogerius Wac Hugonis germanus" donated property to Notre-Dame de Longues but does not cite the primary source[928].  "…Rogero Wac…" subscribed the charter dated to [1172/89] under which Henry II King of England confirmed the prebends of Saint-Nicolas de Bayeux[929].  "Baudouin de Wac" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Marie-de-Longues by undated charter, witnessed by "Roger Wac"[930].] 

c)         [GEOFFREY Wake (-after [Oct 1174/1182]).  It is assumed that Geoffrey was the brother of Hugh Wake but the relationship has not yet been confirmed by any primary source.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Galfridus Wac" held one knight’s fee in Eblesburne, Wiltshire [from "Girardi Giffard"][931].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Montebourg, including donations by "…Ricardi Wac, concessu Gaufridi fratris sui…", by charter dated to [Oct 1174/1182][932].] 

d)         [RICHARD Wake (-after [Oct 1174/1182]).  The source quoted below shows that Richard was the brother of Geoffrey Wake, but as noted above the parentage of Geoffrey has not been confirmed.  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Montebourg, including donations by "…Ricardi Wac, concessu Gaufridi fratris sui…", by charter dated to [Oct 1174/1182][933].] 

 

 

1.         SIMON Wake (-[1194/1208]).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Simon Wac" held one knight’s fee from "Willelmi de Romara" in Lincolnshire[934].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "de his qui non habent capitales honores in hoc comitatu…Simone Wak" paying "xx s, i militem" in Wiltshire[935]m as her first husband, MABILE, daughter of --- (-after 1208).  She married secondly (1208) Peter de Scotney.  "Petrus de Scoteneye" paid a fine to marry "Mabill q fuit ux Sim Wac", dated 1208[936]

 

2.         HUGH Wake (-[1194/1200]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Hugo Wak" among those granted delay in payment "per brevis" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire[937].  An undated writ dated "56 Hen III", after the death of "Hugh son of James Wake", records that "the king…delivered [the manor of Benham, Berkshire] to Hugh Wake, whose son James took to wife Amy daughter of Peter de Harthelakeston"[938]m (before 1185) MATILDA [de Bussy], daughter of [WILLIAM de Bussy] & his wife Rohese de Clare.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property held by “Roesia de Bussei…filia Baldewini filii Gilberti, uxor Willelmi de Bussei”, adding that she has two daughters “primogenitam habet Johannes de Builli et alteram Hugo Wake[939].  "Matilda que fuit uxor Hug Wac" paid a fine to marry whomsoever she wants and claimed "filio suo et heredis…dote sua" in Hampshire, dated 1200[940].  Hugh & his wife had three children: 

a)         JAMES Wake (-before 1246).  An undated writ dated "56 Hen III", after the death of "Hugh son of James Wake", records that "the king…delivered [the manor of Benham, Berkshire] to Hugh Wake, whose son James took to wife Amy daughter of Peter de Harthelakeston"[941]m AMY de Harthelakeston, daughter of PETER de Harthelakeston & his wife ---.  An undated writ dated "56 Hen III", after the death of "Hugh son of James Wake", records that "the king…delivered [the manor of Benham, Berkshire] to Hugh Wake, whose son James took to wife Amy daughter of Peter de Harthelakeston"[942].  James & his wife had one child: 

i)          HUGH Wake (-before 15 Nov 1246).  A writ dated 15 Nov "30 Hen III", after the death of "Hugh son of James Wak" names "(Aline Wake and Joan de) Mumby, aunts of the said Hugh, and sisters of the said (James) --- 50 years or more, are his heirs" and his manors "[?Benham (Valence)] and Boxhore" in Berkshire[943].  An undated writ dated "56 Hen III", after the death of "Hugh son of James Wake", records that "King Richard enfeoffed Richard de Kaunville of [Benham] manor [Berkshire], who died in the Holy Land and John his son died in England without heir of his body", that "Gerard the elder brother of the said Richard intruded upon the manor, but the king…delivered it to Hugh Wake, whose son James took to wife Amy daughter of Peter de Harthelakeston", that "their son Hugh after their death [had] seisin of the manor"[944]

b)         ALINE Wake (-after Nov 1246).  A writ dated 15 Nov "30 Hen III", after the death of "Hugh son of James Wak" names "(Aline Wake and Joan de) Mumby, aunts of the said Hugh, and sisters of the said (James) --- 50 years or more, are his heirs"[945]

c)         JOAN Wake (-after Nov 1246).  A writ dated 15 Nov "30 Hen III", after the death of "Hugh son of James Wak" names "(Aline Wake and Joan de) Mumby, aunts of the said Hugh, and sisters of the said (James) --- 50 years or more, are his heirs"[946]m --- Mumby, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         GEOFFREY Wake (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Galfridus Wac" holding one knight’s fee "in Eblesburne" in Wiltshire in [1210/12][947]m ---.  The name of Geoffrey’s wife is not known.  Geoffrey & his wife had one child: 

a)         daughter .  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus de Dustone" holding one knight’s fee "in Eblesburne cum filia Galfridi Wac" in Wiltshire in [1210/12][948]m WILLIAM de Duston, son of ---.  

 

2.         HAWISE, (-after 1219).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Somerset and Dorset, dated 1219, which includes "heres Hawisia Wac" holding "Trent de donatione Regis Johannis…in hundredo de Horethorn" in Somerset[949].  

 

3.         MATTHEW Wake (-before 20 Sep 1248).  A writ dated 20 Sep "32 Hen III", after the death of "Matthew alias Mapheus Wake" names "Christiana, Joan and Ela his daughters are his heirs and are of mature age and betrothed" and the manor of "Hebelesburn" in Wiltshire[950]m ---.  The name of Matthew’s wife is not known.  It is likely that she was the sister of Jordan de Saint-Martin, as shown by the order dated 7 Feb 1223 for "Joan who was the wife of Jordan de St Martin…to certify…whether she is pregnant or not", security taken from "Christiana Wake [assumed to be her daughter] and Roger Martel, heirs of Jordan" in Wiltshire[951].  Matthew & his wife had three children: 

a)         CHRISTIANA Wake ([1221/22]-).  A writ dated 20 Sep "32 Hen III", after the death of "Matthew alias Mapheus Wake" names "Christiana, Joan and Ela his daughters are his heirs and are of mature age and betrothed" and the manor of "Hebelesburn" in Wiltshire[952].  A writ dated 16 Aug "34 Hen III", after the death of "Matthew Wake" names "Christina Wake aged 28 is his heir" and his manor "Eblesburne" in Wiltshire[953]

b)         JOAN Wake .  A writ dated 20 Sep "32 Hen III", after the death of "Matthew alias Mapheus Wake" names "Christiana, Joan and Ela his daughters are his heirs and are of mature age and betrothed" and the manor of "Hebelesburn" in Wiltshire[954]

c)         ELA Wake .  A writ dated 20 Sep "32 Hen III", after the death of "Matthew alias Mapheus Wake" names "Christiana, Joan and Ela his daughters are his heirs and are of mature age and betrothed" and the manor of "Hebelesburn" in Wiltshire[955]

 

 

HUGH Wake, son of BALDWIN Wake & his wife Isabel Briwerre (-on Crusade before 18 Dec 1241).  Hugh Wake was a minor and the ward of his maternal grandfather William Briwere in Sep 1216[956].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Lincoln, dated 1219, which includes "Hugo Wach est et debet esse de custodia domini regis et est in custodia Willelmi Briggwer per dominum Regem Johannem et terra eius valet in isto wapentachio [Kesteven, Ness Wapentachium] xl.l"[957].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1233, by "Hugo Wack" against "Margeriam de Feritate et Willelmum de Percy" relating to an agreement "cum Alicia de Moun et predicto Hugone" concerning share of land which was held by "Willelmi Briwere"[958].  Matthew Paris names "…Hugo Wac…" among those who died in 1241[959]

m (before 29 May 1229) as her first husband, JOAN de Stuteville, daughter of NICHOLAS [IV] de Stuteville & his wife Devorguilla of Galloway (-before 6 Apr 1276).  King Henry III pardoned "Hugoni Wac" for marrying "filiam Nicholai de Stutevill" without royal licence, dated 1229[960].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1234/35, by "Eustachius de Estutevilla", claiming that "Nicholaus de Estutevilla avunculus suus" relinquished "manerio de Cotingeham", while "Hugo Wack et Willelmus de Mastak" claimed seisin of the manor through "uxorum suarum filiarum heredum predicti Nicholai"[961].  She married secondly Hugh Bigod Chief Justiciar of England.  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Leicester, dated 1247, which include "De terris Normannorum, dicunt quod Hugo le Bigod tenet Wyrithele nomine Johanne uxoris sue que fuit uxor Hugonis Wake..."[962].  A writ dated 6 Apr "4 Edw I", after the death of "Joan de Stutevill" names "Sir Baldwin de Wake her son is her next heir and of full age", and also refers to events "after the death of Hugh le Bigot sometime her husband"[963]

Hugh & his wife had three children: 

1.         BALDWIN Wake ([1237/38]-before 10 Feb 1282).  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire, names "Baldewinum de Wake" as the son of "Hugo de Wake" and his wife "Johannam"[964].  A writ dated 6 Apr "4 Edw I", after the death of "Joan de Stutevill" names "Sir Baldwin de Wake her son is her next heir and of full age", and also refers to events "after the death of Hugh le Bigot sometime her husband"[965].  Inquisitions after a writ "10 Edw I" following the death of "Baldwin Wake” name “aid in making his eldest son a knight and marrying his daughter...Hawis his wife[966]m firstly ELA de Beauchamp, daughter of WILLIAM de Beauchamp Baron of Bedford & his second wife Ida Longespée of Salisbury (-before 10 Jan 1267).  By order dated 10 Jan 1267 the king, following the death of "Johannes de Bello Campo inimici nostri interfecti apud Evesham", accepted the homage of "Matillis de Moubray et Thome filii Ottonis et Beatricis de Bello Campo uxoris sue, neptarum et heredum Johanne de Bello Campo nuper defuncte" for two parts of his lands and, in respect of the third part, placed "Johannam, Idam et Isabellam filias Ele Wake et heredes predicte Johanne de tertia parte" in the custory of "Edwardo primogenito suo" as guardians[967]m secondly (before 5 Feb 1268) HAWISE de Quincy, daughter of ROBERT de Quincy & his wife Helen of Wales ([1250]-before 27 Mar 1285).  An undated writ "48 Hen III", after the death of "Roger de Quency earl of Winchester", records that "Joan, wife of Sir Humphrey de Boum the younger of full age, and Hawis, within age, daughters of the late Robert de Quency" were his heirs in the manor of "Styventon alias Steventon [Bedford]"[968].  Inquisitions after a writ "10 Edw I" following the death of "Baldwin Wake” name “aid in making his eldest son a knight and marrying his daughter...Hawis his wife[969]A writ dated 15 Dec "12 Edw I", after the death of "Joan late the wife of Humphrey de Boun alias de Bohun", records that she died "on Thursday the feast of St Katherine 12 Edw I" and that "Hawis her sister, late the wife of Baldwin Wake, is her next heir and of full age"[970].  Baldwin & his first wife had three children: 

a)         JOAN Wake (-after 4 Oct 1295).  By order dated 10 Jan 1267 the king, following the death of "Johannes de Bello Campo inimici nostri interfecti apud Evesham", accepted the homage of "Matillis de Moubray et Thome filii Ottonis et Beatricis de Bello Campo uxoris sue, neptarum et heredum Johanne de Bello Campo nuper defuncte" for two parts of his lands and, in respect of the third part, placed "Johannam, Idam et Isabellam filias Ele Wake et heredes predicte Johanne de tertia parte" in the custory of "Edwardo primogenito suo" as guardians[971].  A writ dated 4 Oct "23 Edw I", after the death of "Isabel late the wife of Simon de Bello Campo" refers to "Wottone, the manor…held in dower, by the assignment of the said Simon with the consent of William de Bello Campo his father, of the heirs of the barony of Bedford", and names as heirs "of the said barony, Roger aged 30 and more, son of Maud de Moubray sister of the said Simon, Joan the wife of Ralph Paynel, aged 30, daughter of Ela sister of the said Simon, Isabel the wife of Simon de Pateshulle aged 24, daughter of Ida daughter of the same Ela, and Elizabeth the wife of John de Horbur aged 34, daughter of the same Ela, are parceners with the heirs of the body of Beatrice sometime sister of the said Simon…"[972]m firstly MICHAEL Picot, son of ---.  m secondly RALPH Paynell, son of --- (-after 4 Oct 1295). 

b)         IDA Wake (-before 4 Oct 1295).  By order dated 10 Jan 1267 the king, following the death of "Johannes de Bello Campo inimici nostri interfecti apud Evesham", accepted the homage of "Matillis de Moubray et Thome filii Ottonis et Beatricis de Bello Campo uxoris sue, neptarum et heredum Johanne de Bello Campo nuper defuncte" for two parts of his lands and, in respect of the third part, placed "Johannam, Idam et Isabellam filias Ele Wake et heredes predicte Johanne de tertia parte" in the custory of "Edwardo primogenito suo" as guardians[973].  A writ dated 4 Oct "23 Edw I", after the death of "Isabel late the wife of Simon de Bello Campo" refers to "Wottone, the manor…held in dower, by the assignment of the said Simon with the consent of William de Bello Campo his father, of the heirs of the barony of Bedford", and names as heirs "of the said barony, Roger aged 30 and more, son of Maud de Moubray sister of the said Simon, Joan the wife of Ralph Paynel, aged 30, daughter of Ela sister of the said Simon, Isabel the wife of Simon de Pateshulle aged 24, daughter of Ida daughter of the same Ela, and Elizabeth the wife of John de Horbur aged 34, daughter of the same Ela, are parceners with the heirs of the body of Beatrice sometime sister of the said Simon…"[974]m JOHN de Steyngreve, son of ---. 

c)         ELIZABETH Wake (-after 4 Oct 1295).  By order dated 10 Jan 1267 the king, following the death of "Johannes de Bello Campo inimici nostri interfecti apud Evesham", accepted the homage of "Matillis de Moubray et Thome filii Ottonis et Beatricis de Bello Campo uxoris sue, neptarum et heredum Johanne de Bello Campo nuper defuncte" for two parts of his lands and, in respect of the third part, placed "Johannam, Idam et Isabellam filias Ele Wake et heredes predicte Johanne de tertia parte" in the custory of "Edwardo primogenito suo" as guardians[975].  A writ dated 4 Oct "23 Edw I", after the death of "Isabel late the wife of Simon de Bello Campo" refers to "Wottone, the manor…held in dower, by the assignment of the said Simon with the consent of William de Bello Campo his father, of the heirs of the barony of Bedford", and names as heirs "of the said barony, Roger aged 30 and more, son of Maud de Moubray sister of the said Simon, Joan the wife of Ralph Paynel, aged 30, daughter of Ela sister of the said Simon, Isabel the wife of Simon de Pateshulle aged 24, daughter of Ida daughter of the same Ela, and Elizabeth the wife of John de Horbur aged 34, daughter of the same Ela, are parceners with the heirs of the body of Beatrice sometime sister of the said Simon…"[976]m JOHN de Horbury, son of ---. 

Baldwin & his second wife had three children: 

d)         JOHN Wake ([1268]-before 10 Apr 1300).  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire, names "Johannem" as the son of "Baldewinum de Wake"[977].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord Wakem (before 24 Sep 1291) JOAN, daughter of --- (-before 26 Oct 1309).  The Complete Peerage comments that "she is said to have been a daughter of Sir John FitzBernard of Kingsdown, Kent; but a medieval ped. roll calls her daughter of William de Fenes a Count in Spain"[978].  If the latter is correct, she was Jeanne de Fiennes, daughter of Guillaume [II] de Fiennes & his wife Blanche de Brienne.  John & his wife had three children: 

i)          THOMAS Wake ([20 Mar] 1298-30/31 May 1349, bur Haltemprice Priory, Yorkshire).  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire, names "Thomam, Johannem et Margaretam" as the children of "Johannem", son of "Baldewinum de Wake", adding that Thomas and John died childless[979].  He succeeded his father in [1300] as Lord Wake.  He supported Queen Isabella and Mortimer in their rebellion against King Edward II.  He was accused of supporting Edmund Earl of Kent (who had married Lord Wake's sister) when the latter was executed Mar 1329/0.  He was forced to flee the country and his lands confiscated, though returned to him in Dec 1330 when it was admitted that he had been wrongly accused.  Betrothed (before 1312, contract broken before 1316) to JOAN de Gavaston, daughter of PIERS de Gavaston Earl of Cornwall & his wife Margaret de Clare ([1310]-Amesbury Priory 14 Jan 1325).  A charter dated 9 Oct 1316 records that King Edward II had accorded “maritagium Thomæ Wake filii et hæredis Johannis Wake dudum defuncti” to “Petro de Gavaston tunc comitis Cornubiæ” and that after the death of the latter the marriage was arranged between “eidem Thomæ infra ætatem existenti” and “Johannam filiam præfati comitis” but that the proposed bridegroom had married elsewhere without the king’s licence[980]m (before 9 Oct 1316) BLANCHE of Lancaster, daughter of HENRY Earl of Lancaster & his wife Maud Chaworth ([1305]-shortly before 12 Jul 1380, bur Stamford, Lincolnshire, Church of the Friars Minor). 

ii)         MARGARET Wake ([1299/1300]-from the Black death 29 Sep 1349).  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire, names "Thomam, Johannem et Margaretam" as the children of "Johannem", son of "Baldewinum de Wake", adding that Margaret married "Edmundus comes Cantiæ, filius regis Edwardi primi"[981].  She succeeded her brother in 1349 as Baroness Wake.  m firstly JOHN Comyn of Badenoch, son of JOHN COMYN Lord of Badenoch & his wife Joan de Valence (-killed in battle Bannockburn 23 Jun 1314).  m secondly (Papal dispensation 6 Oct 1325, Dec 1325) EDMUND "of Woodstock" Earl of Kent, son of EDWARD I King of England & his second wife Marguerite de France (Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire 5 Aug 1301-executed outside Winchester Castle 19 Mar 1330, bur Winchester, Church of the Friars Minor, later transferred to Westminster Abbey). 

iii)        JOHN Wake ([1299/1300]-after 6 Jun 1320).  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire, names "Thomam, Johannem et Margaretam" as the children of "Johannem", son of "Baldewinum de Wake", adding that Thomas and John died childless[982]

e)         HUGH Wake .  He was ancestor of the Wake family of Winterbourne Stoke, Wiltshire[983]

f)          daughter .  m (before 2 Nov 1299) THOMAS de Grelle of Manchester, son of ROBERT de Grelle of Manchester & his wife Hawise de Burgh of Wakerley, Hertfordshire (Sixhills, Lincolnshire 8 Aug 1279-before 11 Oct 1311).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1308 whereby he is held to have become Lord Grelle. 

2.         NICHOLAS Wake

3.         HUGH Wake .  He was ancestor of the Wake families of Blisworth and Deeping[984].  "Sir Thomas Wake of Bliseworth kt. and Alice his wife" granted their manor of Little Crowlee, Buckinghamshire to "Thomas Wake their son and Matilda his wife, one of the daughters of Sir John Pygot kt" by charter dated 25 Jul "46 Ed III"[985]

 

 

 

 

WELLES

 

 

1.         WALTER FitzRademerm ---.  The name of Walter’s wife is not known.  Walter & his wife had children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Welle of Wells and Claxby, Norfolk (-before 1198)m MATILDA de Gand, daughter of WALTER de Gand & his wife Mathilde de Penthièvre.  Her parentage and marriage are noted in Domesday Descendants[986].  William & his wife had children: 

i)          ISABEL ([1134/35]-after 1212).  "Roberto filio Hugonis et Rogero fratre eius, Isabella uxore Roberti filii Hugonis, Philippo et Roberto et Rogero filiis eius, Waltero filio Walteri filio Hugonis, Gaufrido capellano" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willielmus de Dentuna" donated property at "Langhage" to Kirkstead abbey[987].  "Robertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the donation of "bosco…Langhage" by "Willielmus de Dentuna frater meus" to Kirkstead abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogero filio Hugonis, Isabella uxore mea…"[988].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records that "uxor Roberti filii Hugonis…filia Willelmi filii Walteri de Welle" was 50 years old and had "x pueros", and in a later passage names her “Elisabeth que fuit uxor Roberti filii Hugonis” and her property "in Meltesbi…de maritagio suo, de feodo Willelmi filii Walteri" whose daughter he had married, with land "de honore Peverelli…terra…de Toleshunt"[989].  The Testa de Nevill records that in 1212 "Robertus de Tateshala" held land "in capite de domino rege in Candluobi" in Lincolnshire which "Elysabet mater predicti Roberti…tenet in dote"[990].  m ROBERT de Tattershall, son of HUGH Brito [de Tattershall] & his wife --- (-after 1185). 

 

 

 

 

WELLETON

 

 

1.         ALANm ---.  The name of Alan’s wife is not known.  Alan & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         BRIEN FitzAlan de Welleton (-[1171]).  "…Briennio filio Alani…" witnessed the charter dated to [1154] under which Conan IV Duke of Brittany confirmed the privileges of the men of his Soke of Gayton, Lincolnshire[991].  "…Brieno filio Alano…" witnessed the charter dated to [1164] which records an agreement between Kirkstead abbey and "Alberedam uxorem Radulfi filii Haconis et Simonem filium eius" concerning pasture in the fields of Gayton le Wold and Grimblethorpe[992].  "Briennus filius Alani de [Welletun]" donated property in Gayton le Wold to Kirkstead abbey, with the consent of "Ediue uxoris mee", by charter dated to late in the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "…Willelmo filio --- fratre meo…"[993]m EDITH, daughter of ---.  "Briennus filius Alani de [Welletun]" donated property in Gayton le Wold to Kirkstead abbey, with the consent of "Ediue uxoris mee", by charter dated to late in the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "…Willelmo filio --- fratre meo…"[994].  "…Editha uxore Brienni de Welletun…" witnessed the charter, dated to late in the reign of King Henry II, under which "Beatrix olim uxor Joslani de Engelbi" gave quitclaim to the monks of Kirkstead abbey relating to land in Thorpe in the Fallows donated by her husband[995].  Brien & his wife had three children: 

i)          ALAN

ii)         RALPH .  "Giekellus de Jerdeburc filius Alani et Radulphus filius Brienni nepos eius" gave quitclaim to "Helie Moysant" relating to land at Grainthorpe by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Thoma filio Alani…"[996].  "Radulfus filius Brienni de Welletuna" donated a quarter of land at "Germundtorp…de conquisto patris mei" to "Roberto fratri meo" by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Giekello filio Alani…"[997]m ---.  The name of Ralph’s wife is not known.  Ralph & his wife had one child: 

(a)       [ROBERT .  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus filius Radulfi" holding seven knights’ fees from "Roberti de Staffordia" in Staffordshire in 1166[998].] 

iii)        ROBERT .  "Radulfus filius Brienni de Welletuna" donated a quarter of land at "Germundtorp…de conquisto patris mei" to "Roberto fratri meo" by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Giekello filio Alani…"[999]

b)         [WILLIAM] .  "Briennus filius Alani de [Welletun]" donated property in Gayton le Wold to Kirkstead abbey, with the consent of "Ediue uxoris mee", by charter dated to late in the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "…Willelmo filio --- fratre meo…"[1000].  Because of the blank space in this charter, it is unclear whether William was the name of the donor’s brother or whether the space was large enough for more than one name to have been omitted.] 

c)         GIKELL de Jedburgh .  "Giekellus de Jerdeburc filius Alani et Radulphus filius Brienni nepos eius" gave quitclaim to "Helie Moysant" relating to land at Grainthorpe by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Thoma filio Alani…"[1001].  "Radulfus filius Brienni de Welletuna" donated a quarter of land at "Germundtorp…de conquisto patris mei" to "Roberto fratri meo" by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Giekello filio Alani…"[1002]

d)         [THOMAS FitzAlan .  "Giekellus de Jerdeburc filius Alani et Radulphus filius Brienni nepos eius" gave quitclaim to "Helie Moysant" relating to land at Grainthorpe by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Thoma filio Alani…"[1003].] 

 

 

 

 

WINDSOR

 

 

 

WALTER FitzOther of Windsor, son of --- (-after 1100).  Domesday Book records land held by “Walter fitzOther” in Will Hall, Neatham Hundred and Malshanger, Chuteley Hundred in Hampshire, in Berkshire including in Ripplesmere Hundred and Nakedthorn Hundred, Stanwell in Middlesex/Surrey[1004].  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that "Walterus filius Oteri, castellanus de Uuildesore" restored "duas silvas…Virdelæ et Basceat, apud Winckefeld nostram villam" to the abbot of Abingdon, dated to [1100/16], and that "uxorem suam Beatricem cum filio suo Willelmo" effected the transfer 8 Sep[1005]

m BEATRICE, daughter of --- (-after 1100).  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that "Walterus filius Oteri, castellanus de Uuildesore" restored "duas silvas…Virdelæ et Basceat, apud Winckefeld nostram villam" to the abbot of Abingdon, dated to [1100/16], and that "uxorem suam Beatricem cum filio suo Willelmo" effected the transfer 8 Sep[1006]

Walter & his wife had four children: 

1.         WILLIAM [I] FitzWalter (-[1154/60]).  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that "Walterus filius Oteri, castellanus de Uuildesore" restored "duas silvas…Virdelæ et Basceat, apud Winckefeld nostram villam" to the abbot of Abingdon, dated to [1100/16], and that "uxorem suam Beatricem cum filio suo Willelmo" effected the transfer 8 Sep[1007].  He succeeded his father in [1100/16] as forester of Windsor and lord of Eton[1008].  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that Henry I King of England notified "Willelmo filio Walteri et Croco venatori et Ricardo servienti et omnibus ministris de foresta Windesores" that he had granted tithes of all venison to Abingdon abbey, witnessed by "…Eudone dapifero" (which dates the notification to [1116/20][1009].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills fil Walti" at "Forest de Windesor" in Berkshire[1010].  Empress Matilda confirmed that "Willelmus filius Walteri" should be "custodiam castelli de Windesh", and the lands which "ipse Willelmus et antecessores sui" had from Henry I King of England, by charter dated to [1141/42][1011]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM [II] de Windsor (-[1175/76]).  Henry II King of England confirmed to "Willelmo de Windesoriis" the land of "Willelmi filii Walteri patris sui et Walteri filii Otheri avi sui", dated to [1154/60][1012]

-        see below

b)         WALTER de Windsor (-before 1184).  Dugdale records that “Walter de Windlesores and Christiana his wife” donated "Wormingford…church" to Wix priory, Essex by undated charter[1013].  “Walterus de Windlesores” donated "elemosinam ecclesiam de Suinelande" to Wix priory, Essex by undated charter[1014].  "...Walter de Windlesoure..." witnessed the charter dated to [1166] under which William King of Scotland confirmed the grant of property to “Robert de Brus[1015]m [CHRISTIANA de Wiham, daughter of ---.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Cristina de Wiham i militem" in the fief of "Willelmi de Montefichet" in Essex in 1166[1016].]  Dugdale records that “Walter de Windlesores and Christiana his wife” donated "Wormingford…church" to Wix priory, Essex by undated charter[1017].  Walter & his wife had three children: 

i)          WALTER de Windsor (-1203).  The 1197/98 Feet of Fines records a settlement dated 18 Apr 1198 between "Waltm de Winlesore" and "Willm de Windesor" relating to the barony of "Willi de Windesor avi eorum", with land at "Burneham…Bekenefeld…Etona…Orton…Horslea…Stanewell et Lesmores…Horton…"[1018]

ii)         CHRISTIANA de Windsor (-[1206/07]).  "Dunecani de Lasceles" donated land "in territorio de Seggin" to St Andrew’s priory, for the souls of "mme et C. uxoris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "Herneyo de Lasceles, Ricardo filio eius…"[1019].  "Duncan de Lasceles and Christiana his wife account for 10 l for having her land of Boultona which is her heritage, since she cannot have a reasonable part of her heritage in Scotland", dated [1200/01][1020].  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the 1206/07 Pipe Roll which records that "Ralf de Hosdeng and Duncan de Lasceles and Christiana his wife account for 240 marks for having the whole land which Walter de Windlesores held of the K. [John] in capite the day he died"[1021]m as his first wife, DUNCAN de Lascelles, son of --- (-after 1 Dec 1208). 

iii)        GUNNOR de Windsor (-[1205/06]).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the 1206/07 Pipe Roll which records that "Ralf de Hosdeng and Duncan de Lasceles and Christiana his wife account for 240 marks for having the whole land which Walter de Windlesores held of the K. [John] in capite the day he died"[1022]m HUGH de Hosdenc, son of ---. 

2.         GERALD FitzWalter (-before 1136).  He was granted Moulsford, Berkshire and held land in Pembrokeshire[1023].  The Annales Cambriæ record that "Geraldus præfectus de Penbroc" laid waste to "Meneviæ fines" in 1097[1024]m (1100) NESTA of Wales, daughter of RHYS ap Tudor Mawr King of Deheubarth [South Wales] & his wife Gwladus ---.  The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales names, in 1106, "Nest daughter of Rhys son of Tewdwr and wife of Gerald the steward" and "Gwladus daughter of Rhiwallon, the mother of Nest", when recording that "Owain [son of Cadwgan son of Bleddyn]…accompanied by a small retinue [visited] her as his kinswoman" in the castle in which his father organised a feast and later reentered the castle and abducted her "with her two sons and daughter and also another son that he [=her husband] had by a concubine"[1025].  She became mistress firstly of Henry I King of England, and secondly of Stephen Constable of Cardigan, as shown by the Expugnatio Hibernica which records that "Robertus filius Stephani" was freed from prison in Wales, naming "matre…Nesta, Resi magni filia"[1026].  Gerald & his wife had three children: 

a)         MAURICE FitzGerald (-Wexford 1 Sep 1176).  The Expugnatio Hibernica names "David Menevensi episcopo et Mauricio Giraldi filio" as brothers of "Robertus filius Stephani"[1027]

-        IRELAND – EARLS of DESMOND, EARLS of KILDARE

b)         DAVID (-1177, bur St David's Cathedral).  The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales names "David Bishop of Menevia and William the Bastard…sons to Gerald the steward" as the brothers of "Robert son of Stephen by Nest daughter of Rhys son of Tewdwr"[1028].  The Annales Cambriæ record the succession in 1150 of "David filius Giraldi" as "episcopus Meneviæ" after the death of Bishop Bernard[1029].  Bishop of St David's.  The Expugnatio Hibernica names "David Menevensi episcopo et Mauricio Giraldi filio" as brothers of "Robertus filius Stephani"[1030].  The Annales Cambriæ record the death in 1177 of "David episcopus Menevensis" and his burial "in ecclesia Menevensi"[1031].  Bishop David had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

i)          MILES .  The Expugnatio Hibernica names "Milo Menevensis, tam Stephanidæ quam Mauricii nepos…Henrici filius Robertus, Meilerii frater"[1032].  Feudal Baron of Iverk, co. Kilkenny.  Ancestor of the family of Barron of Brownsford, co. Kilkenny[1033]

c)         ANGHARAD .  She and her husband were parents of the historian "Giraldus Cambrensis".  m WILLIAM de Barry of Manorbier, son of ---.  The Expugnatio Hibernica names "Roberto Barrensi" and "Meilerius" as "Stephanidæque alter ex fratre, alter ex sorore nepotes"[1034]

Gerald had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

d)         WILLIAM FitzGerald of Carew Castle, Pembrokeshire (-1173).  The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales names "David Bishop of Menevia and William the Bastard…sons to Gerald the steward" as the brothers of "Robert son of Stephen by Nest daughter of Rhys son of Tewdwr"[1035].  The Annales Cambriæ name "Willielmus filius Geraldi" among those who destroyed "castellum Wix" in 1148[1036]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had four children: 

i)          RAYMOND "le Gros"

ii)         GRIFFITH .  The Expugnatio Hibernica names "nepos…Mauricii Stephanidæque, Griffinus"[1037]

iii)        ODO .  Ancestor of the Baronets CAREW[1038]

iv)        daughter .  m ---.  One child: 

(a)        DAVID "the Welshman" . 

3.         MAURICE de Windsor (-after 1130).  Round suggests that Maurice was another son of Walter FitzOther[1039].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1155] under which Henry II King of England confirmed to "Ralph de Hastynges dapifero of the queen" the lands formerly belonging to Ralph steward of St Edmund’s and to "Maurice de Windsor maternal uncle of the said Ralph de Hastings" by charter dated to [1155][1040].  The abbot of Bury St Edmunds granted stewardship of the abbey to "Mauricius de Windleshore" by charter dated to [1115/19], witnessed by "Robertus de Wyndelshore, Reinaldus de Wyndeleshore"[1041].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Mauric de Windesor" in Dorsetshire[1042]same person as…?  MAURICE de Windsor (-after 25 May 1130).  "Maurice de Windsor and Edgidia his wife" donated the church of St Edmund at Hoxne to Norwich Cathedral priory by charter dated 25 May 1130[1043]m EGIDIA, daughter of --- (-after 25 May 1130).  "Maurice de Windsor and Edgidia his wife" donated the church of St Edmund at Hoxne to Norwich Cathedral priory by charter dated 25 May 1130[1044]

4.         daughter .  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1155] under which Henry II King of England confirmed to "Ralph de Hastynges dapifero of the queen" the lands formerly belonging to Ralph steward of St Edmund’s and to "Maurice de Windsor maternal uncle of the said Ralph de Hastings" by charter dated to [1155][1045]m ROBERT FitzWalter [de Windsor], son of WALTER & his wife --- (-before [1128]). 

 

 

WILLIAM [II] de Windsor, son of WILLIAM [I] FitzWalter & his wife --- (-[1175/76]).  Henry II King of England confirmed to "Willelmo de Windesoriis" the land of "Willelmi filii Walteri patris sui et Walteri filii Otheri avi sui", dated to [1154/60][1046].  The 1175/76 Pipe Roll records "Willelmus de Windr" making payment in Buckinghamshire/Bedfordshire and "in perdona per breve Regis Hawise de Windr uxori eius"[1047]

m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  The 1175/76 Pipe Roll records "Willelmus de Windr" making payment in Buckinghamshire/Bedfordshire and "in perdona per breve Regis Hawise de Windr uxori eius"[1048].  The 1175/76 Pipe Roll records "Hawisa de Windr" accounting for "Berchhamsteda" in Buckinghamshire/Bedfordshire[1049].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Hawisia de Windesore” having “vii filias, quarum ii sunt in transmarinis partibus, ii sunt moniales, iii sunt in donatione Domini Regis", in another passage recording "Hawisia de Windesore" with "i filium…xviii annorum et vi filias" and "terra sua in Stanwelle"[1050]

William [II] & his wife had [eight] children: 

1.         WILLIAM [III] de Windsor ([1162/64]-[1215]).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Willelmus de Windesore, filius Willelmi de Windesore senioris…de xviii annorum”, adding that he was “in custodia Hawisie de Windesore matris sue per ix annos cum terra sua…Hortone et Etone"[1051].  The 1197/98 Feet of Fines records a settlement dated 18 Apr 1198 between "Waltm de Winlesore" and "Willm de Windesor" relating to the barony of "Willi de Windesor avi eorum", with land at "Burneham…Bekenefeld…Etona…Orton…Horslea…Stanewell et Lesmores…Horton…"[1052]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM [IV] de Windsor (-1248).  He was ancestor of LORDS WINDSOR of Stanwell[1053]

2.         [six or seven] daughters .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Hawisia de Windesore” having “vii filias, quarum ii sunt in transmarinis partibus, ii sunt moniales, iii sunt in donatione Domini Regis", in another passage recording "Hawisia de Windesore" with "i filium…xviii annorum et vi filias" and "terra sua in Stanwelle"[1054]

 

 

 

 

ZOUCHE

 

 

ALAIN de Porhoët, son of GEOFFROY Vicomte de Porhoët & his wife Hawise --- (-1190).  "Eudo comes" founded the abbey of Notre-Dame de Lantenac by charter dated 1149, witnessed by "Josthos et Alanus fratres comitis, Alanus vicecomes de Monteforti…"[1055].  "Eudo comes" confirmed a donation to Saint-Martin de Josselin, with the consent of "fratrum meorum…Joscii vicecomitis et Alani Ceoche", by charter dated 1153[1056].  "Eudo comes" donated property previously donated by "dominus Gaufridus pater meus" to the priory of Josselin on the advice of "fratrum meorum Joscii vicecomitis et Alani Ceoche" by charter dated 1153[1057].  He established himself in England in or before 1172 as ALAN La Zouche.  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Alanus la Zuche xx s per vicecomitem" in Northamptonshire in [1171/72][1058].  “Alanus la Zouche filius Galfridus vicecomitis” donated "ecclesiam de Essebi" to Lilleshall Abbey, Shropshire, for the salvation of “uxoris meæ Aliciæ et puerorum nostrorum” and for the souls of "Philippi de Beumeis senioris et Philippi junioris et cæterorum filiorum eius", by undated charter[1059].  Eyton quotes another transcript of this charter which adds as witnesses "Roger de Mortimer…Dame Adheliza de Belmes, William de Belmes her son, Philip de Belmes his brother…", and supposes that the document can be dated to [1185/90][1060]

m ADELICIA de Belmeis, daughter of PHILIP de Belmeis of Tong, Shropshire & his wife Matilda de Rumilly (-1190 or after).  “Alanus la Zouche filius Galfridus vicecomitis” donated "ecclesiam de Essebi" to Lilleshall Abbey, Shropshire, for the salvation of “uxoris meæ Aliciæ et puerorum nostrorum” and for the souls of "Philippi de Beumeis senioris et Philippi junioris et cæterorum filiorum eius", by undated charter[1061].  "William de Belmeys son of Alan la Zouch" confirmed donations to Lilleshall abbey by undated charter which names "Adelhiza de Belmeys his mother, Philip de Belmeys senior, Philip junior and Ranulph brother of Philip junior"[1062].  "Roger de Mortimer…Dame Adheliza de Belmes, William de Belmes her son, Philip de Belmes his brother…" witnessed the charter dated to [1185/90] under which “Alanus la Zouche filius Galfridus vicecomitis” donated "ecclesiam de Essebi" to Lilleshall Abbey, Shropshire[1063]

Alan & his wife had three children: 

1.         WILLIAM la Zouche alias de Belmeis (-before Jun 1199).  "Roger de Mortimer…Dame Adheliza de Belmes, William de Belmes her son, Philip de Belmes his brother…" witnessed the charter dated to [1185/90] under which “Alanus la Zouche filius Galfridus vicecomitis” donated "ecclesiam de Essebi" to Lilleshall Abbey, Shropshire[1064].  "William de Belmeys son of Alan la Zouch" confirmed donations to Lilleshall abbey by undated charter which names "Adelhiza de Belmeys his mother, Philip de Belmeys senior, Philip junior and Ranulph brother of Philip junior"[1065]

2.         ROGER la Zouche (-before 14 May 1238).  "Rog La Zuche" paid a fine for "terra que fuit Wille fratris sui" in Devonshire, dated 1199[1066].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Rogerus la Zuche…pro terra Willelmi fratris sui" owing in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][1067].  “Willielmus la Zouche, filius Rogeri la Zouche” confirmed donations to Swavesey Abbey, Cambridgeshire by “Rogeri patris nostri ac…Alani Zouche avi nostri quondam comitis Britanniæ” by undated charter[1068].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Rogerus la Zuche" holding "Normanitone" in Devonshire in [1210/12][1069].  Henry III King of England granted "maneriis de Mapeldureham et Petrefeld" to "Rogero la Szuche", as granted by King John except for the dower of "Milesentie que fuit uxor comitis Ebroici", dated 14 Mar 1217[1070].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Devon, dated 1219, which includes "Rogerus de la Suche" holding "Blaketorrintun…in hundredo de Blaketorrintun" in Devonshire[1071].  m [1072]MARGARET, daughter of --- (-after 6 Aug 1220).  Henry III King of England granted letters of conduct to "Rogero la Zuche eundi peregre ad Sanctum Jacobum", noting that he had agreed to donate revenue from his lands for one year, except for that of "Margarete uxori ipsius Rogeri maritagio et dote sua", dated 6 Aug 1220[1073].  Roger & his wife had five children: 

a)         ALAN la Zouche (-killed in battle London 10 Aug 1270).  A writ dated "54 Hen III", after the death of "Alan la Zuche", names "Roger his son, age variously stated as 28 and more and 30, is his heir"[1074]

-        see below

b)         WILLIAM la Zouche (-before 3 Feb 1272).  “Willielmus la Zouche, filius Rogeri la Zouche” confirmed donations to Swavesey Abbey, Cambridgeshire by “Rogeri patris nostri ac…Alani Zouche avi nostri quondam comitis Britanniæ” by undated charter[1075].  A writ dated 3 Feb "56 Hen III", after the death of "William le Zuch", confirmed that "the manor of Hobrugg" was held by him "of the inheritance of Maud sometime his wife" the mother of "Sir John de Trailly [who] is the next heir of the said Maud"[1076]m as her second husband, MAUD, widow of --- de Trailly, daughter of ---.  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          JOYCE (-bur 13 Mar 1290).  Her parentage and marriage are recorded in the Complete Peerage, which does not cite the relevant primary source[1077].  Eyton says that William Zouche was "alleged" ancestor of "Zouche of Mortimer", which suggests there is some doubt about Joyce’s parentage, but does not explain his comment[1078].  On the other hand, the Complete Peerage states that "William’s identity is proved by the descent of the manor of King’s Nympton, Devon, which was granted to him by Roger his father in 1237/38 and was held by his grandson and representative Hugh Lord Mortimer…at his death in 1304"[1079]m ROBERT de Mortimer of Richard’s Castle, Herefordshire, son of HUGH de Mortimer & his wife --- ([1251/52]-7 Apr 1287, bur Worcester Cathedral). 

c)         ALICE la Zouche (-before early 1256)m as his first wife, WILLIAM de Harcourt, son of RICHARD de Harcourt & his wife Orabilis de Quincy (-1270). 

d)         LORA la Zouche (-after 1273).  A writ dated 18 Feb "7 Edw I", after the death of "Henry de Penebrigg", records that Tudeworth, Wiltshire was held "by Roger la Suche of John Biset and he gave it to Gilbert de Stanford with Lora his daughter in free marriage…"[1080]m GILBERT de Stanford, son of --- (-[1231/49]). 

e)         EON la Zouche (-[28 Apr/25 Jun] 1279)m (before 13 Dec 1273) as her second husband, MILLICENT de Cauntelo, widow of JOHN de Mohaut, daughter of WILLIAM [IV] de Cauntelo of Calne, Wiltshire & his wife Eva de Briouse (-before 7 Jan 1299).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Georgius" who died childless and "Johanna nupta Henrico de Hastings et Milisannt de Monte-alto…uxor Ivonis de la Zouch" as the children of "Willielmo de Cantilupo" and his wife[1081].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 4 Nov "1 Edw I" after the death of "George de Cantilupo" name “Milisanda the wife of Eudo la Zuche of full age and John son of Henry and Joan de Hastinges who is under age an in the king’s wardship are his next heirs...the said Milisanda and Joan being sisters of the said George[1082].  Eon & his wife had two children: 

i)          WILLIAM la Zouche (Harringworth 18 or 21 Dec 1276-11/12 Mar 1352).  He was summoned to parliament in 1323 whereby he is held to have become Lord Zouche (of Harringworth). 

-         ZOUCHE of HARRINGWORTH

ii)         EVE La Zouche (-5 Dec 1314, bur Portbury, Somerset)m (1289) as his first wife, MAURICE de Berkeley Lord Berkeley, son of THOMAS de Berkeley Lord Berkeley & his wife Joan de Ferrers of the Earls of Derby ([Apr 1281]-31 May 1326, bur Wallingford, transferred to Bristol St Augustine’s).

3.         PHILIP la Zouche alias de Belmeis .  "Roger de Mortimer…Dame Adheliza de Belmes, William de Belmes her son, Philip de Belmes his brother…" witnessed the charter dated to [1185/90] under which “Alanus la Zouche filius Galfridus vicecomitis” donated "ecclesiam de Essebi" to Lilleshall Abbey, Shropshire[1083]

 

 

ALAN la Zouche, son of ROGER la Zouche & his wife Margaret --- (-killed in battle London 10 Aug 1270).  A writ dated "54 Hen III", after the death of "Alan la Zuche", names "Roger his son, age variously stated as 28 and more and 30, is his heir"[1084]

m ELENA de Quincy, daughter of ROGER de Quincy Earl of Winchester & his first wife Helen of Galloway.  The Annales Londonienses name "Margarete countesse de Ferreres et Eleyne la Zusche et la countesse de Bougham" as the three daughters of "Eleyn countesse de Wynton", naming "Roger la Zusche" as son of "Eleyne la Zusche" and "de Roger, Aleyn"[1085].  A charter dated 3 Dec 1274 records the homage of "Elena la Zusche another daughter and heir of Roger [de Quency eael of Wynton]" for her part of the lands "lately held in dower by Alianora de Vaux late countess of Wynton widow of the said Roger"[1086]

Alan & his wife had one child: 

1.         ROGER la Zouche ([1240/42]-shortly before 15 Oct 1284).  A writ dated "54 Hen III", after the death of "Alan la Zuche", names "Roger his son, age variously stated as 28 and more and 30, is his heir"[1087].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 15 Oct "13 Edw I" following the death of "Roger la Suche alias la Zouche” name “Alan his son aged 18 on the day of St Denis 13 Edw I is his next heir[1088]m ELA Longespee, daughter of STEPHEN Longuespee [Seneschal of Gascony, Justiciar of Ireland] & his wife Emmeline de Rydeleford (-before 19 Jul 1276).  The Book of Lacock names “Elam de la Souch…Emelinam” as the children of “Stephanus Lungespee” and his wife “Emelinam comitissam de Ulton”, adding that Ela married “Rogerus de la Souch”, by whom she had “Alanus de la Souch, qui duxit…Alianoram filiam Nicholai de Segrave, de qua genuit Elam, Matildam, Elizabetham, Rogerum de la Souche[1089].  Roger & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALAN la Zouche of Ashby, Leicestershire (North Moulton 9 Oct 1266-before 25 Mar 1314).  The Book of Lacock names “Alanus de la Souch, qui duxit…Alianoram filiam Nicholai de Segrave, de qua genuit Elam, Matildam, Elizabetham, Rogerum de la Souche” as son of “Rogerus de la Souch” and his wife Ela[1090].  A writ dated 20 Jul "4 Edw I", following the death of "Emelina countess of Ulster" names "Emelina the wife of Maurice son of Maurice and daughter of the said countess aged 24 and more and Alan son of Roger la Zouche who had to wife Ela elder daughter of the said countess aged 8 are her heirs[1091].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 20 Jun "17 Edw I" to enquire whether "Alan son and heir of Roger la Zusche...” was of full age record that he was born “at North Molton...was 21 on the day of St Denis 16 Edw I[1092].  He was summoned to parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Zouche.  An inquisition held 24 Apr "7 Edw II", after the death of "Alan la Zousche alias la Zuche, la Souche", names "Ellen […the wife of Sir Nicholas de Sancto Mauro] and Maud […the wife of Sir Robert de Holand] his daughters are his next heirs and Maud the younger is aged 24…both aged 26 and more…and a younger daughter Elizabeth aged 20 who has taken the garb of the nuns at Brewode"[1093].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 15 Oct "13 Edw I" following the death of "Roger la Suche alias la Zouche” name “Alan his son aged 18 on the day of St Denis 13 Edw I is his next heir[1094]m ELEANOR de Segrave, daughter of NICHOLAS de Segrave & his wife Matilda ---.  The Book of Lacock names “Alianoram filiam Nicholai de Segrave” as wife of “Alanus de la Souch[1095].  Alan & his wife had four children: 

i)          ELLEN la Zouche ([1286/87]-after 9 Mar 1333).  The Book of Lacock names “Elam, Matildam, Elizabetham, Rogerum de la Souche” as children of “Alanus de la Souch” and his wife[1096].  An inquisition held 24 Apr "7 Edw II", after the death of "Alan la Zousche alias la Zuche, la Souche", names "Ellen […the wife of Sir Nicholas de Sancto Mauro] and Maud […the wife of Sir Robert de Holand] his daughters are his next heirs and Maud the younger is aged 24…both aged 26 and more…and a younger daughter Elizabeth aged 20 who has taken the garb of the nuns at Brewode"[1097].  A writ dated 23 May "5 Edw III", following the death of "Emelina Longespe or de Lungespe", names "Robert de Holond and Maud his wife” and “the said Maud aged 40 years is her next heir”, while a second writ dated 3 Jan “6 Edw III” and inquisitions dated 9 Mar “7 Edw III” state that Emmeline died “on Whitsunday 5 Edward III” and that “Maud sometime the wife of Robert de Houlond...and Helen her sister both aged 40 years and more are next heirs of the said Emelina[1098]m firstly NICHOLAS de St Maur, son of ---.  m secondly ALAN de Cherleton, son of ---. 

ii)         MATILDA la Zouche ([1289/90]-31 May 1349, bur Brackley).  The Book of Lacock names “Elam, Matildam, Elizabetham, Rogerum de la Souche” as children of “Alanus de la Souch” and his wife[1099].  An inquisition held 24 Apr "7 Edw II", after the death of "Alan la Zousche alias la Zuche, la Souche", names "Ellen […the wife of Sir Nicholas de Sancto Mauro] and Maud […the wife of Sir Robert de Holand] his daughters are his next heirs and Maud the younger is aged 24…both aged 26 and more…and a younger daughter Elizabeth aged 20 who has taken the garb of the nuns at Brewode"[1100].  A writ dated 23 May "5 Edw III", following the death of "Emelina Longespe or de Lungespe", names "Robert de Holond and Maud his wife” and “the said Maud aged 40 years is her next heir”, while a second writ dated 3 Jan “6 Edw III” and inquisitions dated 9 Mar “7 Edw III” state that Emmeline died “on Whitsunday 5 Edward III” and that “Maud sometime the wife of Robert de Houlond...and Helen her sister both aged 40 years and more are next heirs of the said Emelina[1101]m ROBERT de Holand of Upholland, Lancashire, son of Sir ROBERT de Holand & his wife Elizabeth de Samlesbury ([1270]-7 Oct 1328, bur [Preston, Lancs, Grey Friars Church]).  He was created Lord Holand 29 Jul 1314. 

iii)        ELIZABETH la Zouche ([1293/94]-before 9 Mar 1333).  The Book of Lacock names “Elam, Matildam, Elizabetham, Rogerum de la Souche” as children of “Alanus de la Souch” and his wife[1102].  Nun at Brewood.  An inquisition held 24 Apr "7 Edw II", after the death of "Alan la Zousche alias la Zuche, la Souche", names "Ellen […the wife of Sir Nicholas de Sancto Mauro] and Maud […the wife of Sir Robert de Holand] his daughters are his next heirs and Maud the younger is aged 24…both aged 26 and more…and a younger daughter Elizabeth aged 20 who has taken the garb of the nuns at Brewode"[1103]

iv)       ROGER la Zouche (-before 1314).  The Book of Lacock names “Elam, Matildam, Elizabetham, Rogerum de la Souche” as children of “Alanus de la Souch” and his wife[1104]

 

 

WILLIAM la Zouche of Harringworth, Northamptonshire, son of EON La Zouche & his wife Millicent de Cauntelo (Harringworth 18 or 21 Dec 1276-11/12 Mar 1352).  He was summoned to parliament in 1323 whereby he is held to have become Lord Zouche (of Harringworth). 

m (before 15 Feb 1296) MAUD Lovel, daughter of JOHN Lovel Lord Lovel & his first wife Isabel de Bois (-before 1346). 

William & his wife had two children: 

1.         EON la Zouche ([1297/98]-Paris 24 Apr 1326, bur Paris Augustine Church).  m (before Jun 1322) JOAN Inge, daughter of WILLIAM Inge & his first wife Margery Grafinel ([1298/99]-before Jan 1360).  She married secondly (before 6 Nov 1327) William Moton of Peckleton, Leicestershire. 

a)         WILLIAM La Zouche (Dec 1321-23 Apr 1382)Lord Zouchem (before 16 Jul 1334) ELIZABETH de Ros, daughter of WILLIAM de Ros Lord Ros & his wife Margery de Badlesmere (-after 16 May 1380).  William & his wife had children:

i)          WILLIAM la Zouche (-13 May 1396)Lord Zouche (of Harringworth).  m (after 1390) as her second husband, ELIZABETH Le Despencer, widow of JOHN d'Arundel Lord Arundel, daughter of EDWARD Le Despencer Lord Despencer & his wife Elizabeth Burghersh (-10/11 Apr 1408, bur Tewkesbury Abbey).  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Cecilia…Elizabeth…Annam…et Margaretam” as the four daughters of “Edwardus…secundus, filius…Edwardi” and his wife, born after their two older brothers, adding that Elizabeth was “dominam de la Sowch et relictam domini Johannis de Arundell[1105].  The will of "Elizabeth Lady Zouche", dated 4 Apr 1408, chose burial “in the abbey of Tewkesbury where the bodies of my brothers are buried”, bequeathed property to “Edmund and Thomas my sons[1106]

-         LORDS ZOUCHE (of HARRINGWORTH)[1107]

2.         MILLICENT La Zouche (-22 Jun 1379)m (before 26 Mar 1326) WILLIAM Deincourt, son of JOHN Deincourt & his wife --- (-2 Jun 1364).  He succeeded his grandfather as Lord Deincourt. 

 

 

WILLIAM de Mortimer, son of ROBERT de Mortimer of Richard’s Castle, Herefordshire & his wife Joyce la Zouche (-28 Feb 1337, bur Tewkesbury Abbey).  He adopted the name La Zouche.  He was summoned to Parliament in 1323 whereby he is held to have become Lord Zouche. 

m firstly ([26 Oct 1315/25 Feb 1317]) as her third husband, ALICE de Tosny, widow firstly of THOMAS de Leyburn, and secondly of GUY de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, daughter of RAOUL [VII] de Tosny & his wife Mary --- ([1282/85]-[7 Nov 1324/8 Jan 1325]). 

m secondly ([Jan 1329]) as her second husband, ELEANOR de Clare, widow of HUGH le Despencer Lord Despencer, daughter of GILBERT de Clare Earl of Gloucester & his second wife Joan of England ([1292]-30 Jun 1337).  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Elianoram, Elizabetham, et Margaretam” as the three daughters of “Gilbertus secundus” and his wife “Johanna de Acres, filia regis Edwardi primi”, adding that Eleanor married “Hugoni le Despenser, filio domini Hugonis le Despenser comitis Wintoniæ[1108].  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records that “Eleonora uxor eiusdem” (referring to “Hugo secundus, camerarius Regis Edwardi de Karnarvan et maritus dominæ Elianoræ de Clare”) died “II Kal Jul 1337”, and also refers to her second marriage to “domino Willielmo le Sowch” by whom she was mother of “Hugonem Souch[1109]

William & his first wife had children: 

1.         ALAN la Zouche (1317-12 Nov 1346).  Lord Zouchem (before 1338) as her first husband, ELEANOR, daughter of --- (-6 Mar 1360).  She married secondly (before 3 May 1354) as his first wife, Sir Nicholas Dammory.  Alan & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGH la Zouche (29 Sep 1338-11 Jul 1399).  Lord Zouchem firstly PHILIPPA, daughter of --- (-2 Jan 1275).  m secondly (settlement 14 Sep 1391) as her first husband, JOAN Bramshott, daughter of JOHN Bramshott of Gatcombe, Isle of Wight & his wife Elizabeth de Lisle (-[8 Jun/17 Jul] 1439).  She married secondly (before 24 May 1400) as his --- wife, John Pelham of Laughton, Sussex. 

2.         JOYCE la Zouche (-after 4 May 1372)m as his second wife, JOHN Botetourt Lord Botetourt, son of THOMAS Botetourt & his wife Joan de Somery ([1317/18]-1385, bur Halesowen). 

 

 

 

 

OTHER UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY

 

 

1.         HILBERTm ---.  The name of Hilbert’s wife is not known.  Hilbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         ENGUERRAND FitzHilbert (-after 24 Apr 1089).  "…Ingelrannus filius Ilberti…" witnessed the charter dated to [1073] under which William I King of England confirmed the donation by "Nielli filii alterius Nielli" made by "suus pater" of six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier[1110].  "…Ingilranni filii Hilberti…" witnessed a charter dated to [1077] under which William I King of England granted property to the abbey of Saint-Etienne de Caen[1111].  "Ingelrannus, Hilberti filius" donated property to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, with the consent of "domini mei Willelmi Anglorum regis et Mathildis reginæ coniugis eius, filiorumque eorum Rotberti atque Willelmi", by charter dated 1080[1112].  "…Eudo de Ria fitz Hubert…Engelramn fitz Hubert…" witnessed the charter dated 14 Jul 1080 under which William I King of England confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Lessay[1113].  "…Engelrannus filius Ilberti…" witnessed the charter dated 24 Apr 1089 under which Robert III Duke of Normandy donated property to Bayeux cathedral[1114].  "…Engelranus filius Ilberti…" witnessed the charter dated 1089 under which Robert III Duke of Normandy confirmed the restoration of the monastery of Saint-Vigor near Bayeux[1115]

 

 

1.         GILBERTm ---.  Gilbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         BALDRIC (-after 1130).  "Willelmo de Albin Britone et Ricardo Basset et Bald filio Gisleberti" witnessed the charter dated 1130 under which Henry I King of England confirmed protection over St Mary’s, Thorney[1116]

 

2.         BALDRICm ---.  Baldric & his wife had one child: 

a)         RALPH (-after 1133).  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation "in Stottona" to St Mary’s, Huntingdon by "Radulfus filius Baldr" by charter dated to [before 1133][1117]

 

3.         BALDRICm ---.  Baldric & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGH FitzBaldric .  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Hotona…in Normanby…et in Kyrkeby-Misperton” by “Hugo Baldrici filius[1118].  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Hugo fil[ius] Baldri, Fulco f[rate]r Alein, Roger f[rate]r eius, Ricard avuncl ei[us]"[1119]m ---.  The name of Hugh’s wife is not known.  Hugh & his wife had two children: 

i)          RICHARD .  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Hugo fil[ius] Baldri, Fulco f[rate]r Alein, Roger f[rate]r eius, Ricard avuncl ei[us]"[1120]

ii)         ISABELLE .  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Aleinus de Crehun, Wido pat[er] eius, Isenbele, Wido, Morize, Gefridus, Meæriel de Belca[mp], Mabiliæ, Isenbele"[1121]m GUY de Craon, son of --- (-after 1085). 

 

 

1.         ULF Fornesson .  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Skertenbek” by “Ulfe Formesson[1122]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Pierrepont .  "Rotbti de Pet-ponte, Willmi filii Godefredi de Pet-pont…Radulfi filii Radulfi, Godefredi de Pet-ponte, Nigelli generi Godefredi, Hunfredi" subscribed the charter dated to [1107/18] under which William de Warenne Earl of Surrey donated lands to Lewes priory[1123]

 

2.         GODEFROI de Pierrepont .  "Rotbti de Pet-ponte, Willmi filii Godefredi de Pet-pont…Radulfi filii Radulfi, Godefredi de Pet-ponte, Nigelli generi Godefredi, Hunfredi" subscribed the charter dated to [1107/18] under which William de Warenne Earl of Surrey donated lands to Lewes priory[1124]m ---.  The name of Godefroi’s wife is not known.  Godefroi & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Pierrepont .  "Rotbti de Pet-ponte, Willmi filii Godefredi de Pet-pont…Radulfi filii Radulfi, Godefredi de Pet-ponte, Nigelli generi Godefredi, Hunfredi" subscribed the charter dated to [1107/18] under which William de Warenne Earl of Surrey donated lands to Lewes priory[1125]

b)         --- de Pierrepont .  "Rotbti de Pet-ponte, Willmi filii Godefredi de Pet-pont…Radulfi filii Radulfi, Godefredi de Pet-ponte, Nigelli generi Godefredi, Hunfredi" subscribed the charter dated to [1107/18] under which William de Warenne Earl of Surrey donated lands to Lewes priory[1126]m NEEL [Nigel], son of ---. 

 

 

1.         PICARD (-after [1123]).  "…Picard…Roger fil Pic…" subscribed the charter dated to [1123] records that "Walt de Gloec" gave Little Hereford in fee to "Willo de Mara nepoti suo"[1127]m ---.  The name of Picard’s wife is not known.  Picard & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROGER FitzPicard (-after [1123]).  "…Picard…Roger fil Pic…" subscribed the charter dated to [1123] records that "Walt de Gloec" gave Little Hereford in fee to "Willo de Mara nepoti suo"[1128]

 

 

1.         HUGH de Turbeville (-after [1123]).  "…Hugo de Turbuilla…" subscribed the charter dated to [1123] records that "Walt de Gloec" gave Little Hereford in fee to "Willo de Mara nepoti suo"[1129]

 

 

1.         HILDEBRAND .  His name suggests Italian or Germanic origin.  As his son was a supporter of Empress Matilda during the civil war with King Stephen, it is possible that Hildebrand came to England from the imperial court, after the death of Emperor Heinrich V, with the emperor’s widow.  m ---.  The name of Hildebrand’s wife is not known.  Hildebrand & his wife two children: 

a)         ROBERT FitzHildebrand (-[1142]).  Empress Matilda made various grants of property by charter dated to [1141/42] witnessed by "…Rob fil Heldebrand…"[1130].  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Robertum filium Hildebrandi" fell in love with "Willelmus de Ponte Arcarum…uxorem", imprisoned her husband, but died from a painful illness, dated from the context to [1142][1131]

b)         RICHARD FitzHildebrand (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Ricardus filius Hildebrant" held half of one knight’s fee in Dorset from the abbot of Sherborne and five knights’ fees from the bishop of Salisbury in Wiltshire[1132]

 

 

1.         SERLONm ---.  The name of Serlon’s wife is not known.  Serlon & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills fil Serlon" in Oxfordshire in respect of "Liemer"[1133].  

b)         RICHARD FitzSerlon (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Ricardus filius Serlonis" held one knight’s fee from "Ricardi dil Estre" in Somerset[1134]

 

 

1.         BERTRAM de Bulmer (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Bertrann de Bulemer" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[1135]

 

 

1.         PAYNm ---.  The name of Payn’s wife is not known.  Payn & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT FitzPayn (-after 1130).  Henry I King of England granted land "quæ fuit Ebrardi avunculi sui in Chillun" [Kilham, Yorkshire] to "Roberto filio Pagani" by charter dated to [1126] witnessed by "Henrico de Pomer, Eustacio filio Johannis, Roberto de Bruis, Waltero Espec"[1136].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt fil Pag…terra Ebrardi avunculi sui" in Yorkshire[1137]

 

2.         PAYNm ---.  The name of Payn’s wife is not known.  Payn & his wife had one child: 

a)         GEOFFREY FitzPayn (-1136).  "…Gaufr fil Pag…" subscribed the charter dated to [10 Apr/29 May] 1121 which records the arrangements for the marriage of "Miloni de Gloec" and "Sibilia filia Beorndi de Novo Mercato"[1138].  "…Gaufrido filio Pagani" witnessed the charter dated 1127 under which Henry I King of England granted "custodiam et constabulariam castelli Roffi" to the archbishop of Canterbury[1139].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Gaufr fil Pag" in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire[1140]

 

3.         GEOFFROY (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Gaufr fil Cancell" in Dorsetshire[1141]

 

4.         TURBOT (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Turbot fil Chembel" in Wiltshire[1142]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Turville (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo de Turbtiuilla" in Dorsetshire[1143]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Sackville (-before 1161).  m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         MABILE .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the letter of Pope Alexander III dated 8 Apr 1161, addressed to the bishop of Chichester, relating to the dispute concerning the inheritance of "Willielmi de Saccavilla" between "filia…Mabilla de Franceville" and "ex sorore nepos…Ricardum de Anesten", the latter claiming that the former was "de illicito matrimonio…genitam"[1144]m --- de Franceville, son of ---.  

2.         sister .  m --- de Anestia, son of ---. 

a)         RICHARD de Anestia [Anesten] .  His parentage are confirmed by the letter of Pope Alexander III dated 8 Apr 1161, addressed to the bishop of Chichester, relating to the dispute concerning the inheritance of "Willielmi de Saccavilla" between "filia…Mabilla de Franceville" and "ex sorore nepos…Ricardum de Anesten"[1145]

 

 

1.         PETER .  Camerarius.  m ---.  Peter & his wife had one child: 

a)         GEOFFREY (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Petrus camerarius" used to hold three knights` fees in Hampshire now held by "Galfridus filius eius"[1146]

 

 

1.         ALDELINm ---.  Aldelin & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         WILLIAM FitzAldelin (-after 1166).  Marshall.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the names of tenants who held knights` fees from land granted by the king to "Willelmo filio Aldelin marscallo suo cum Juliana filia Roberti Dorsnelli"[1147]m JULIANA, daughter of ROBERT Dorsnell & his wife --- (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the names of tenants who held knights` fees from land granted by the king to "Willelmo filio Aldelin marscallo suo cum Juliana filia Roberti Dorsnelli"[1148]

 

 

1.         ALARD FitzWilliamm ---.  Alard & his wife had two children: 

a)         daughter .  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Alardus filius Willelmi" held "feudum unius militis de hereditate uxoris sue in Gathamthune", which King John granted to "Walterus Pipard…in maritagio cum uxore sua, filia predicti Alardi"[1149].  m ([1199/1212]) WALTER Pipard, son of ---.  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which names "Walterus Pipardus vi milites" among the tenants of the honour of Wallingford[1150].  

b)         daughter .  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Baldewinus de Kantilup" held "Powrd" in Oxfordshire "de dono Regis Johannes cum filia Alardi filii Willelmi"[1151].  m (before 1210) BALDWIN de Cauntelo, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         GILBERT de Calveley (-before 1200).  m ALICE, daughter of ---.  "Gilb fil Gilb de Calweleya et Alic mater eius" paid a fine for "terra que fuit G. patris sui die que obiit" in Northumberland and to marry "per voluntate sua et consilio matris sue", dated 1201[1152].  Gilbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         GILBERT de Calveley (-after 1212).  "Gilb fil Gilb de Calweleya et Alic mater eius" paid a fine for "terra que fuit G. patris sui die que obiit" in Northumberland and to marry "per voluntate sua et consilio matris sue", dated 1201[1153].  "Gilbertus de Calweleg" paid a fine for "heritanda Jattlincton" in Northumberland, dated 1199[1154].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Gillebertus de Calveleya" holding "in capite de domino rege ii villas" in Northumberland which had been held by "omnes…antecessores sui…post tempus Regis Willelmi Bastardi"[1155].  

 

 



[1] Loyd, L. C. (1951) The Origins of Some Anglo-Norman Families (Leeds), p. 100. 

[2] Métais, C. (ed.) (1893) Cartulaire de l’abbaye cardinale de la Trinité de Vendôme (Paris) ("Vendôme La Trinité"), Tome III, DCLIX, p. 42, footnote 1. 

[3] Davis, H. W. C. (ed.) (1913) Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (Oxford), Vol. I, 89, p. 23. 

[4] Stewart, D. J. (ed.) (1848) Liber Eliensis (London), Vol. I, II, 117, p. 252. 

[5] Dugdale Monasticon III, Spalding Monastery, Lincolnshire, V, p. 216. 

[6] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary Abbey, XX, p. 553.   

[7] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary, V, p. 548. 

[8] Williams, A. & Martin, G. H. (eds.) (2003) Domesday Book, a complete translation (Penguin Classics) ("Domesday Translation"), Lincolnshire, XIIII, pp. 909-14. 

[9] Dugdale Monasticon VI.3, Lincoln Cathedral, IV, p. 1271.   

[10] Ingulph's Chronicle, pp. 258-9. 

[11] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary Abbey, XX, Ex Libro Feod. milit. pence Remem. Regis in Scncc., p. 553.   

[12] Giles, J. A. (ed.) (1845) Chronicon Angliæ Petriburgense (London), 1074, p. 58. 

[13] Dugdale Monasticon III, Spalding Monastery, Lincolnshire, I, p. 215.   

[14] Dugdale Monasticon III, Spalding Monastery, Lincolnshire, V, p. 216.   

[15] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 259. 

[16] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary Abbey, XI, p. 551.   

[17] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary Abbey, XX, p. 553.   

[18] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 259. 

[19] Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. (2002) Domesday Descendants: A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents 1066-1166. II. Pipe Rolls to Cartæ Baronum (Boydell) (“Domesday Descendants”), p. 539. 

[20] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.   

[21] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary Abbey, XX, p. 553.   

[22] Domesday Translation, Hertfordshire, I, p. 370. 

[23] Domesday Translation, Buckinghamshire, LIIII, p. 420, Bedfordshire, LV, p. 586. 

[24] Domesday Translation, Hertfordshire, XLIII, p. 393. 

[25] Domesday Translation, Lincolnshire, LXVI, pp. 955-6. 

[26] Léchaudé d’Anisy, A. L. (ed.) (1834-5) Extrait des chartes et autres actes Normands ou Anglo-Normands qui se trouvent dans les archives du Calvedos, 2 Vols. (Caen) ("Calvados (Anisy)"), Vol. I, Ardennes, 52, p. 7. 

[27] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. I, Ardennes, 52, p. 7. 

[28] Public Record Office (1920) Liber Feodum, The Book of Fees commonly called Testa de Nevill (London) ("Testa de Nevill"), Part I, p. 26. 

[29] Hall, H. (ed.) (1897) Red Book of the Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 563. 

[30] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 203. 

[31] Duffus Hardy, T. (ed.) (1837) Rotuli Chartarum in Turri Londinensi, Vol. I, Part I 1199-1216 (London) ("Rotuli Chartarum"), 1 John, p. 51. 

[32] Duffus Hardy, T. (ed.) (1835) Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus in Turri Londinensi asservati tempore Regis Johannis (London) ("Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus"), 7 John, p. 364. 

[33] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 563. 

[34] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 203. 

[35] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 250. 

[36] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, I, p. 418. 

[37] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, II, p. 418. 

[38] Stenton, F. M. (ed.) (1920) Documents illustrative of the social and economic history of the Danelaw from various collections (London) ("Stenton (Danelaw, 1920)"), Kirkstead, 202, p. 140. 

[39] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 156, p. 104. 

[40] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, II, p. 418. 

[41] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, IV, p. 418. 

[42] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, VI, p. 419. 

[43] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 181, p. 123. 

[44] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, p. 19. 

[45] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 202, p. 140. 

[46] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, V, p. 418. 

[47] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 181, p. 123. 

[48] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, IV, p. 418. 

[49] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 181, p. 123. 

[50] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 202, p. 140. 

[51] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, V, p. 418. 

[52] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 180, p. 122. 

[53] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, VI, p. 419. 

[54] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 180, p. 122. 

[55] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 180, p. 122. 

[56] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, II, p. 418. 

[57] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, IV, p. 418. 

[58] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, VI, p. 419. 

[59] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, V, p. 418. 

[60] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 180, p. 122. 

[61] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, IV, p. 418. 

[62] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, VI, p. 419. 

[63] Grimaldi, S. (ed.) (1830) Rotuli de Dominabus et Pueris et Puellis de Donatione Regis in XII Comitatibus, 1185 (London) (“Rotuli Dominabus”), Rotuli I, Lincolnscir, Schirebech Wapentak, p. 5, and Kalsewath Wapentach, p. 6. 

[64] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 163. 

[65] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, IV, p. 418. 

[66] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, II, p. 418. 

[67] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, II, p. 418. 

[68] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 232, p. 163. 

[69] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, IV, p. 418. 

[70] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, p. 19. 

[71] Wilson, J. (ed.) (1915) The Register of the Priory of St Bees (Durham) ("St Bees"), 270, p. 286. 

[72] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 163. 

[73] Rotuli Chartarum, 14 John, p. 188. 

[74] Rotuli Chartarum, 14 John, p. 188. 

[75] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 15 John, p. 487. 

[76] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/15, 5 Hen III, 327. 

[77] Rotuli Chartarum, 14 John, p. 188. 

[78] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, IV, p. 418. 

[79] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, II, p. 418. 

[80] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/18, 7 Hen III, 84. 

[81] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, II, p. 418. 

[82] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/18, 7 Hen III, 215. 

[83] Jobson, A. & Slade, C. F. (eds.) (2008) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the seventh year of the reign of King Henry III (London) (“Pipe Roll 7 Henry III”), p. 7. 

[84] Maxwell Lyte, H. C. (ed.) (1904) Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III (London), 145, p. 35. 

[85] Annales Londonienses, p. 126. 

[86] Annales Londonienses, p. 126. 

[87] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 145, p. 35. 

[88] CP I 239 footnote b. 

[89] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 4, p. 3. 

[90] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 4, p. 3. 

[91] FitzHerbert, R. H. C. ‘Original Pedigree of Tailbois and Neville’, Selby, W. D. (ed.) The Genealogist New Series, Vol. III (1886, London), p. 33. 

[92] CP XII/1 pp. 650-53, extinct in the male line 1306. 

[93] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XI, p. 55. 

[94] Gallia Christiana, XI, Instrumenta, V, col. 128. 

[95] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Christ Church, Aldgate, London, VI, p. 152.   

[96] Actes Henri II, Tome I, CCCCXXIII, p. 550. 

[97] Actes Henri II, Tome I, CCCCXXIII, p. 550. 

[98] Hunter, J. (ed.) (1844) The Great Rolls of the Pipe for the second, third and fourth years of the reign of King Henry II 1155-1158 (London) ("Pipe Roll")  4 Hen II (1157), Norfolk and Suffolk, p. 125. 

[99] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, pp. 505 and 506. 

[100] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 134. 

[101] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, pp. 505 and 506. 

[102] Chronique de Robert de Torigny I, 1162, p. 339. 

[103] Chronique de Robert de Torigny I, 1162, p. 339. 

[104] Pipe Roll Society, Vol. VII (1886) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the 10th year of King Henry II (London) ("Pipe Roll 10 Hen II (1163/64)"), p. 38. 

[105] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli VIII, Essex, p. 41. 

[106] Chronique de Robert de Torigny I, 1162, p. 339. 

[107] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 92. 

[108] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 47. 

[109] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli V, Norffolk, p. 27. 

[110] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 53, p. 87. 

[111] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli V, Norffolk, p. 27. 

[112] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 53, p. 87. 

[113] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 499. 

[114] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli V, Norffolk, p. 27. 

[115] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, pp. 505 and 506. 

[116] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, pp. 505 and 506. 

[117] ES III 705, which gives no details. 

[118] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, pp. 505 and 506. 

[119] Chronique de Robert de Torigny I, 1162, p. 339. 

[120] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Flamstead Abbey, Hertfordshire, I, p. 300. 

[121] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 92. 

[122] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Flamstead Abbey, Hertfordshire, I, p. 300. 

[123] Rotuli Chartarum, 1 John, p. 20. 

[124] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 484. 

[125] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 98. 

[126] Urseau, C. (ed.) Obituaire de la cathédrale d'Angers, Documents historiques sur l'Anjou Tome VII (Angers) (“L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers”).    

[127] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 15. 

[128] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, pp. 506 and 567. 

[129] Maxwell Lyte, H. C. (ed.) (1903) Patent Rolls of the reign of Henry III preserved in the Public Record Office 1225-1232 (London), p. 252. 

[130] Matthew Paris, Vol. III, 1239, p. 638. 

[131] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 588, p. 188. 

[132] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Lanthony Abbey, Gloucestershire, II, Fundatorum progenies, p. 135. 

[133] Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, Vol. I (1834), XX, p. 169. 

[134] Stephenson, J. (ed.) (1870) Documents illustrative of the History of Scotland from the death of King Alexander the Third to the accession of Robert Bruce 1286-1306 (Edinburgh), Vol. I, CCCX, p. 398. 

[135] Nicolas, N. H. (1826) Testamenta Vetusta, Vol. I (London), p. 53. 

[136] Bliss, W. H. (1893) Calendar of entries in the Papal registers relating to Great Britain and Ireland (London), Vol. I, p. 503. 

[137] CP XIV 323. 

[138] Stevenson, J. (trans.) (1991) A Medieval Chronicle of Scotland: The Chronicle of Melrose (Llanerch Press) ("Chronicle of Melrose"), 1230, p. 59. 

[139] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Covenham Priory, Lincolnshire, I, p. 993.   

[140] Dugdale Monasticon V, Barnstaple Priory, Devonshire, I, p. 197. 

[141] Domesday Translation, Devonshire, XVII, pp. 306-12, Cornwall, VI, p. 357. 

[142] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Totness Priory, Devonshire, I, p. 630. 

[143] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Totness Priory, Devonshire, II, p. 630. 

[144] Darsy, F. I. (1860) Picquigny et ses seigneurs, vidames d’Amiens (Abbeville), p. 26, citing Hermannus monachus De miraculis sanctæ Mariæ laudunensis, lib. II, cap. XVII, p. 540 (available in Patrologia Latina, Vol. 156, not yet consulted). 

[145] Hunter, J. (ed.) (1833) Magnum rotulum scaccarii vel magnum rotulum pipæ de anno 31 regni Henrici primi (London) ("Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30)"), Devonshire, p. 153. 

[146] Sewell, R. C. (ed.) (1846) Gesta Stephani, Regis Anglorum et Ducis Normannorum (London) ("Gesta Stephani Regis") I, p. 24. 

[147] Marchegay, M. P. (ed.) ‘Chartes normandes de l’abbaye de Saint-Florent près Saumur’, Mémoires de la Société des Antiquaires de la Normandie, Tome XXX (1880) ("Saint-Florent Saumur (Chartes normandes)"), 20, p. 688. 

[148] Dugdale Monasticon V, Barnstaple Priory, Devonshire, V, p. 198. 

[149] Pipe Roll 23 Hen II (1176/77), Devonshire, p. 2. 

[150] Domesday Descendants, p. 743. 

[151] Stapleton, T. (1844) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ sub Regibus Angliæ (London) ("Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ"), Vol. II, p. ccxl. 

[152] Loyd (1951), p. 105. 

[153] Round, J. H. (ed.) (1899) Calendar of Documents preserved in France illustrative of the history of Great Britain and Ireland Vol I 918-1206 (London), 719, p. 258. 

[154] Round (1899), 719, p. 258. 

[155] Round (1899), 719, p. 258. 

[156] Round (1899), 719, p. 258. 

[157] Dugdale Monasticon V, Barnstaple Priory, Devonshire, IV, p. 198. 

[158] Pipe Roll Society, Vol. VIII (1887) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the 11th year of King Henry II (London) ("Pipe Roll 11 Hen II (1164/65)"), p. 81. 

[159] Brewer, J. S. & Martin, C. T. (eds.) (1880) Registrum Malmesburiense, the Register of Malmesbury Abbey (London) ("Malmesbury"), Vol. II, CLXXVI, p. 34. 

[160] Domesday Descendants, p. 675. 

[161] Dugdale Monasticon V, Barnstaple Priory, Devonshire, IV, p. 198. 

[162] Pipe Roll 11 Hen II (1164/65), p. 81. 

[163] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 42. 

[164] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 635. 

[165] Pipe Roll 23 Hen II (1176/77), Devonshire, p. 2. 

[166] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 88. 

[167] Pipe Roll Society (1894) Feet of Fines of the reign of Henry II and of the first seven years of Richard I 1182 to 1196 (London), 100, p. 83. 

[168] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. 298. 

[169] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, p. 16. 

[170] Commissioners on Public Records (1833) Rotulus Cancellarii vel Antigraphum Magni Rotuli Pipæ (3 John) (London) ("Rotulus Cancellarii"), 3 John, p. 19. 

[171] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. 515. 

[172] Testa de Nevill, Part I, pp. 254 and 264. 

[173] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 89a. 

[174] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 120. 

[175] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 430. 

[176] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/12, 4 Hen III, 43. 

[177] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/16, 6 Hen III, 206. 

[178] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 24. 

[179] Dugdale Monasticon V, Whiteland Abbey, Carmarthenshire, II, p. 591. 

[180] Malmesbury, Vol. II, CLXXVI, p. 34. 

[181] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 18 John, p. 604. 

[182] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 217. 

[183] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 21. 

[184] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 76, p. 56. 

[185] Drake, Sir W. R. ‘Note on the De Braose, Martyn, Audley and FitzWaryn Pedigrees’, Marshall, G. W. (ed.) (1882) The Genealogist, Vol. VI (London), p. 16, citing “King’s Writ to Sheriff of Devon (16 Rich II) 1391”. 

[186] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 76, p. 56. 

[187] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 144, p. 35. 

[188] Round (1899), 719, p. 258. 

[189] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 83. 

[190] Round (1899), 719, p. 258. 

[191] Domesday Descendants, p. 743. 

[192] Berger, E. (ed.) (1916) Recueil des actes de Henri II roi d’Angleterre et duc de Normandie (Paris) ("Actes Henri II"), Tome I, XXVIII, p. 123. 

[193] Round (1899), 558, p. 195. 

[194] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 248. 

[195] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 42. 

[196] Actes Henri II, Tome I, CCLXXII, p. 418. 

[197] Historiæ Anglicanæ Scriptores X (1652), Radulphus de Diceto, Ymagines Historiarum, col. 555. 

[198] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1171, MGH SS XXIII, p. 854. 

[199] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 639. 

[200] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLVII, p. 137. 

[201] Rotuli Normanniæ, Vol. I, p. 38. 

[202] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. ccxxxviii. 

[203] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, p. 16. 

[204] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, p. 96. 

[205] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 628. 

[206] Dugdale Monasticon V, Ford Abbey, Devonshire, II, p. 382.   

[207] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, p. 96. 

[208] Rotuli Chartarum, 2 John, p. 79. 

[209] Rotuli Chartarum, 2 John, p. 79. 

[210] Round (1899), 558, p. 195. 

[211] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLVII, p. 137. 

[212] Berger, E. (ed.) (1920) Recueil des actes de Henri II roi d’Angleterre et duc de Normandie (Paris) ("Actes Henri II"), Tome II, DLVII, p. 137. 

[213] Vincent, N. ‘The Murderers of Thomas Becket’, Fryde, N. & Reitz, D. (eds.) (2003) Bischofsmord im Mittelalter, Murder of Bishops (Göttingen), p. 238 footnote 119. 

[214] Berger, E. (ed.) (1920) Recueil des actes de Henri II roi d’Angleterre et duc de Normandie (Paris) ("Actes Henri II"), Tome II, DLVII, p. 137. 

[215] Stenton, D. M. (ed.) (1928) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the sixth year of King Richard I (London) ("Pipe Roll 6 Ric I"), p. 171. 

[216] Rotuli Chartarum, 2 John, p. 79. 

[217] Rotuli Chartarum, 2 John, p. 79. 

[218] Rotulus Cancellarii, 3 John, p. 15. 

[219] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. ccxl, footnote x continuation from previous page. 

[220] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 88. 

[221] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. 296. 

[222] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. 298. 

[223] Dugdale Monasticon V, Ford Abbey, Devonshire, II, p. 382.   

[224] Rotulus Cancellarii, 3 John, p. 21. 

[225] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. 515. 

[226] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. ccxl, footnote x continuation from previous page. 

[227] Hart, W. H. (ed.) (1863) Historia et Cartularium Monasterii Sancti Petri Gloucestriæ (London) ("Gloucester St Peter"), Vol. II, DCCXXVII, p. 180. 

[228] Barlow, F. (1990) Thomas Becket (Berkeley), p. 235. 

[229] Vincent, N. ‘The Murderers of Thomas Becket’, Fryde, N. & Reitz, D. (eds.) (2003) Bischofsmord im Mittelalter, Murder of Bishops (Göttingen), p. 232. 

[230] Vincent ‘The Murderers of Thomas Becket’, p. 233, citing Royce, D. (ed.) (1892) Landboc sive registrum monasterii beatæ Mariæ virginis et sancti Cenhelmi de Winchelcumba (Exeter), Vol. I, pp. 191-3 (not yet consulted). 

[231] Round (1899), 912, p. 324. 

[232] Vincent ‘The Murderers of Thomas Becket’, p. 233, citing BL Sloane Charter XXXIII.3 (not yet consulted). 

[233] Vincent ‘The Murderers of Thomas Becket’, p. 233, citing Royce, D. (ed.) (1892) Landboc sive registrum monasterii beatæ Mariæ virginis et sancti Cenhelmi de Winchelcumba (Exeter), Vol. I, pp. 191-3 (not yet consulted). 

[234] Hart, W. H. (ed.) (1863) Historia et Cartularium Monasterii Sancti Petri Gloucestriæ (London) ("Gloucester St Peter"), Vol. II, DCCXXVII, p. 180. 

[235] Salter, H. E. (1907) Eynsham Cartulary (Oxford Historical Society) ("Eynsham"), Vol. I, 187, p. 138. 

[236] Maitland, F. W. (ed.) (1887) Bracton’s Note Book, a Collection of Cases…annotated…by Henry of Bratton (London) ("Bracton’s Note Book"), Vol. III, 1732, p. 568. 

[237] CP XI Appendix D, p. 110, footnote l continued from previous page. 

[238] Loyd (1951), p. 106. 

[239] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Essex, p. 56, Norfolk, p. 95. 

[240] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Bresethe Priory, Suffolk, I, p. 174.   

[241] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Snape Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 558. 

[242] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 51. 

[243] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli IV, Norfolk, Hundredum de Hapinges, p. 30. 

[244] Kirk, R. E. G. (ed.) (1899) Feet of Fines for Essex (Colchester), Vol. I, 9 Ric I, 58, p. 18. 

[245] Feet of Fines for Essex, Vol. I, 9 Ric I, 58, p. 18. 

[246] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli IV, Essex, Hundredum de Turst, p. 41. 

[247] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 77. 

[248] Stenton, D. M. (ed.) (1928) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the 6th year of King Richard I, Pipe Roll Society, Vol. XLIII (New Series, Vol. V) (London), Essex & Hertfordshire, p. 31. 

[249] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 479. 

[250] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli IV, Essex, Hundredum de Turst, p. 41. 

[251] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 275. 

[252] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1738, p. 574. 

[253] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli IV, Norfolk, Hundredum de Hapinges, p. 30. 

[254] Bigelow, M. M. (1881) Placita Anglo-Normannica: Law Cases from William I to Richard I (Boston), Apendix, F, p. 311

[255] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 633. 

[256] Berger, E. (ed.) (1916) Recueil des actes de Henri II roi d’Angleterre et duc de Normandie (Paris) ("Actes Henri II"), Tome II, DCCXXXIX, p. 370. 

[257] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 76. 

[258] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Honor de Arundel, p. 9. 

[259] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 6 John, p. 219. 

[260] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, pp. 484 and 496. 

[261] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 74. 

[262] Dugdale Monasticon V, Dore Abbey, Herefordshire, IX, p. 555.   

[263] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Acornbury Priory, Herefordshire, VII, p. 491.   

[264] Excerpta e Rotulis Finium in Turri Londinensi asservatis (1835), Vol. I, p. 307. 

[265] Bannister, A. T. (1902) The History of Ewias Harold (Hereford), 20, p. 50. 

[266] Bannister (1902), XIII, p. 61. 

[267] Gurney, D. (1845) The record of the House of Gournay, Part I, The Gournays in Normandy, p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[268] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[269] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 603, p. 453. 

[270] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[271] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 412, p. 274.  

[272] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[273] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 603, p. 453. 

[274] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[275] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 603, p. 453. 

[276] Bannister (1902), 26, p. 51. 

[277] Bannister (1902), 26, p. 51. 

[278] Bannister (1902), p. 25. 

[279] Dugdale Monasticon V, Dore Abbey, Herefordshire, IX, p. 555.   

[280] Bannister (1902), 20, p. 50. 

[281] Bannister (1902), p. 25. 

[282] Calendar of Charter Rolls, Vol. III, p. 420. 

[283] Round (1899), 883, p. 315. 

[284] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 47. 

[285] Round (1899), 142, p. 47. 

[286] Dugdale Monasticon V, Southwark Priory, p. 169. 

[287] Round (1899), 142, p. 47. 

[288] Round (1899), 142, p. 47. 

[289] Round (1899), 142, p. 47. 

[290] Round (1899), 883, p. 315. 

[291] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 47. 

[292] Round (1899), 142, p. 47. 

[293] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Boxgrove Priory, Sussex, VIII, p. 647. 

[294] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Boxgrove Priory, Sussex, IX, p. 647. 

[295] Farrer, W. (1925) Honors and Knights’ Fees (London), Vol. III, p. 31, citing Cott. MS. Claud. A. vi, f. 65. 

[296] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Boxgrove Priory, Sussex, VIII, p. 647. 

[297] Farrer (1925), Vol. III, p. 31, citing Cott. MS. Claud. A. vi, f. 65. 

[298] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Boxgrove Priory, Sussex, IX, p. 647. 

[299] Round (1899), 142, p. 47. 

[300] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, pp. 86-7. 

[301] Clark, J. W. (ed.) (1907) Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle (Cambridge), I, 22, p. 47. 

[302] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonsire, p. 14. 

[303] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 7 John, p. 288. 

[304] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, pp. 86-7. 

[305] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[306] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, pp. 86-7. 

[307] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[308] Dugdale Monasticon V, Rievall Abbey, Yorkshire, III, Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia, p. 280. 

[309] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli I, Lincolnscir, p. 1. 

[310] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[311] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[312] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[313] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[314] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, pp. 86-7. 

[315] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[316] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 7 John, p. 288. 

[317] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 361. 

[318] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, pp. 86-7. 

[319] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[320] Dugdale Monasticon II, Belvoir Monastery, Lincolnshire, XI, p. 290.   

[321] Domesday Translation, Hertfordshire, XXXVI, pp. 389-90, Essex, XXXVI, pp. 1029-30, Norfolk, pp. 1165-7. 

[322] Domesday Translation, Hertfordshire, I, p. 370. 

[323] Liber Eliensis, Vol. I, II, 117, p. 252. 

[324] Dugdale Monasticon V, Bermondsey Abbey, Surrey, II, p. 100.   

[325] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, I, p. 345.   

[326] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, VI, p. 348.   

[327] Johnson, C. & Cronne, H. A. (ed.) (1956) Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (Oxford), Vol. II, Appendix, CLXXXII, p. 355. 

[328] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, I, p. 345.   

[329] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, I, p. 345.   

[330] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, I, p. 345.   

[331] CP IX 412, footnote c, citing Cartulary of Thetford Abbey, Cott. MS., Vitell., F iv, fo. 161, Historical Manuscripts Commission, Var. Coll., Vol. II, p. 227. 

[332] Dodwell, B. (ed.) (1974) The Charters of Norwich Cathedral Priory, Part 1, Pipe Roll Society NS Vol. XL (London) ("Norwich Cathedral, I"), 121, p. 68 [extract only, in translation]. 

[333] CP IX 412, footnote c, citing Cartulary of Thetford Abbey, Cott. MS., Vitell., F iv, fo. 161, Historical Manuscripts Commission, Var. Coll., Vol. II, p. 227. 

[334] Stuart, J. (ed.) (1874) Registrum de Panmure compiled by Harry Maule of Kelly (Edinburgh) (“Panmure”), Vol. II, p. 110. 

[335] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 114. 

[336] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 114. 

[337] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 114. 

[338] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, I, p. 345.   

[339] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, VI, p. 348.   

[340] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 98. 

[341] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[342] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1968), Vol. III, 106, p. 39. 

[343] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 102. 

[344] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 98. 

[345] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 102. 

[346] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 98. 

[347] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 98. 

[348] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 102. 

[349] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 98. 

[350] Liber Vitæ Dunelmensis, fol. 22b, p. 17. 

[351] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, IV, p. 380. 

[352] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, I, p. 380. 

[353] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[354] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[355] CP II 447. 

[356] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Leystone Abbey, Suffolk, IV, p. 879. 

[357] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[358] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[359] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[360] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Leystone Abbey, Suffolk, IV, p. 879. 

[361] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[362] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[363] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Leystone Abbey, Suffolk, IV, p. 879. 

[364] Napier, A. S., Stevenson, W. H. (eds.) (1895) The Crawford Collection of Early Charters and Documents now in the Bodleian Library (Oxford) ("Early Charters (Crawford)"), XVI, p. 32. 

[365] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[366] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 190. 

[367] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1100, p. 116. 

[368] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, I, p. 345.   

[369] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CLXXXII, p. 355. 

[370] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CLXV, p. 349. 

[371] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Hertfordshire, p. 62. 

[372] Round, J. H. (1892) Geoffrey de Mandeville, a Study of the Anarchy, p. 286. 

[373] Norwich Cathedral, I, 121, p. 68 [extract only, in translation]. 

[374] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, II, p. 346.   

[375] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[376] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, II, p. 346.   

[377] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[378] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 107. 

[379] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, IV, p. 347.   

[380] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotulus VII, Hertefordesire, Hundredum de Herdforde, p. 36, Verumdictum de Clavering, p. 41, and Rotulus X, Cantebrigesire, Alid Hundredum, p. 46. 

[381] CP XII/2 footnote d. 

[382] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[383] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, II, p. 346.   

[384] Round (1892), p. 172. 

[385] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[386] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[387] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 114. 

[388] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 362. 

[389] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[390] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/22, 9 Hen III, 27. 

[391] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[392] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, II, p. 346.   

[393] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[394] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 360. 

[395] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 38. 

[396] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, IV, p. 347.   

[397] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 106. 

[398] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[399] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, IV, p. 347.   

[400] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 106. 

[401] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 106. 

[402] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 113. 

[403] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotulus VII, Hertefordesire, Hundredum de Herdforde, p. 36, Verumdictum de Clavering, p. 41, and Rotulus X, Cantebrigesire, Alid Hundredum, p. 46. 

[404] Round, J. H. ‘Comyn and Valoignes’, Barron, O. (ed.) The Ancestor, Vol. XI (London, Oct 1904), p. 132, quoting Red Book of the Exchequer, Vol. I, pp. 78, 94 and 361.  . 

[405] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, pp. 81 and 94. 

[406] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VIII regis Ricardi scutagium Normanniæ ad XXs, p. 97. 

[407] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[408] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 424. 

[409] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[410] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, II, p. 346.   

[411] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[412] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 349. 

[413] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 38. 

[414] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 424. 

[415] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 428. 

[416] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 428. 

[417] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[418] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, II, p. 346.   

[419] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 107. 

[420] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[421] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[422] Johnson, C. & Cronne, H. A. (ed.) (1968) Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (Oxford), Vol. III, 106, p. 39. 

[423] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[424] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 107. 

[425] Isle of May, 16, p. 11. 

[426] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[427] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[428] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 78. 

[429] Isle of May, 16, p. 11. 

[430] Domesday Descendants, p. 759. 

[431] Dowden, J. (ed.) (1903) Chartulary of the Abbey of Lindores, Publications of the Scottish History Society Vol. XLII (Edinburgh) ("Lindores"), II, p. 2. 

[432] Stuart, J. (1872) Records of the Monastery of Kinloss (Edinburgh) ("Kinloss"), p. 109. 

[433] Smythe, W. (1843) Liber Ecclesie de Scon, Munimenta Vetustiora Monasterii Sancte Trinitatis et Sancti Michaelis de Scon (Edinburgh) ("Scone"), 19, p. 17. 

[434] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 428. 

[435] Bain, J. (1881) Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland preserved in the Public Record Office (Scottish Record Office) ("Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain)"), Vol. I, 848, p. 150. 

[436] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[437] Bannatyne Club (1837) Liber Sancte Marie de Melros: Munimenta Vetustiora Monasterii Cisterciensis de Melros (Edinburgh) ("Melrose Liber"), Tome I, 115, p. 107. 

[438] Goodall, W. (ed.) (1759) Joannis de Fordun Scotichronicon cum Supplementis et Continuatione Walteri Boweri, Vols. I, II (Edinburgh) ("Joannis de Fordun (Goodall)"), Vol. II, Lib. IX, Cap. XXXIV, p. 43. 

[439] CP XII/2 751 footnote e. 

[440] Innes, C. (ed.) (1843) Registrum Episcopatus Glasguensis (Edinburgh) ("Glasgow Bishopric"), Tome I, 199, p. 159. 

[441] CP V 133 footnote f, citing Fine Roll, 17 Hen. III, m. 5. 

[442] CP V 133 footnote f, citing Fine Roll, 17 Hen. III, m. 5. 

[443] Glasgow Bishopric, Tome I, 199, p. 159. 

[444] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 280, p. 72. 

[445] CP V 133 footnote f, citing Fine Roll, 17 Hen. III, m. 5. 

[446] Vincent, J. A. C. ‘Sir Alexander Balliol of Cavers’, Marshall, G. W. (ed.) (1882) The Genealogist, Vol. VI (London), p. 4, quoting cartulary of Binham Priory, Norfolk, Cotton MSS, Claudius D xiii, f. 151 b. 

[447] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 124. 

[448] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 575, p. 101. 

[449] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 848, p. 150. 

[450] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 848, p. 150. 

[451] Bain, J. (1884) Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland preserved in the Public Record Office (Scottish Record Office) ("Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain)"), Vol. II, 170, p. 56. 

[452] Bannatyne Club (1840) Liber Cartarum Sancte Crucis, Munimenta ecclesie Sancte Crucis de Edwinesburg (Edinburgh) ("Holyrood"), 74, p. 62. 

[453] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 107. 

[454] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, I, p. 380. 

[455] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 634. 

[456] Pipe Roll 23 Hen II (1176/77), Devonshire, p. 6. 

[457] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 94. 

[458] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VIII regis Ricardi scutagium Normanniæ ad XXs, p. 97. 

[459] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 17 footnote 1, quoting Pipe Roll, 12 John, Buckingham and Bedford. 

[460] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, pp. 469-70, and 472. 

[461] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 78. 

[462] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 17 footnote 1, quoting Pipe Roll, 12 John, Buckingham and Bedford. 

[463] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Yorkshire, p. 161. 

[464] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 3 John, p. 195. 

[465] Rotuli Chartarum, 5 John, p. 114. 

[466] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 3 John, p. 195. 

[467] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, pp. 469-70. 

[468] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, pp. 469-70. 

[469] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 198. 

[470] Chronicle of Melrose, 1222, p. 58. 

[471] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Hickling Priory, Norfolk, I, p. 476.   

[472] Rotuli Chartarum, 5 John, p. 116. 

[473] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Hickling Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 476.   

[474] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Hickling Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 476.   

[475] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 480. 

[476] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 532. 

[477] Rotuli Chartarum, 5 John, p. 116. 

[478] Rotuli Chartarum, 5 John, p. 116. 

[479] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 503. 

[480] Pipe Roll Society, Vol. IX (1888) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the 12th year of King Henry II (London) ("Pipe Roll 12 Hen II (1165/66)"), p. 41. 

[481] Pipe Roll Society, Vol. XV (1892) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the 16th year of King Henry II (London) ("Pipe Roll 16 Hen II (1169/70)"), Lincolnshire, p. 37. 

[482] Dugdale Monasticon VI.3, St Peter’s Cathedral, York, Yorkshire LXXVIII, p. 1190.   

[483] Pipe Roll Society, Vol. XXXI (1910) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the 28th year of King Henry II (London) ("Pipe Roll 28 Hen II (1181/82)"), p. 46. 

[484] Martin, M. T. (ed.) (1911) The Percy Chartulary (Surtees Society), V, p. 5. 

[485] Bannatyne Club (1841) Liber Cartarum Prioratus Sancti Andree in Scotia (Edinburgh) ("St Andrew’s Priory"), p. 262. 

[486] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Gloucestershire, p. 3. 

[487] Round, J. H. (1892) Geoffrey de Mandeville, a Study of the Anarchy, p. 286. 

[488] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 550, p. 425. 

[489] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 550, p. 425. 

[490] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 17/18 John, p. 556. 

[491] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 97. 

[492] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 550, p. 425. 

[493] Sweetman, H. S. (ed.) (1875) Calendar of Documents relating to Ireland preserved in the Public Record Office 1171-1251 (Vol. I) (London), 2647, p. 394. 

[494] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 2584, p. 385. 

[495] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 2584, p. 385. 

[496] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 2 John, p. 189. 

[497] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 2 John, p. 189. 

[498] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/21, 8 Hen III, 25. 

[499] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/21, 8 Hen III, 25. 

[500] St Andrew’s Priory, p. 420. 

[501] St Andrew’s Priory, p. 420. 

[502] St Andrew’s Priory, p. 420. 

[503] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[504] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, I, p. 69. 

[505] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XIII, p. 403. 

[506] Domesday Translation, Norfolk, p. 1100, Suffolk, p. 1223. 

[507] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, I, p. 69. 

[508] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XIII, p. 403. 

[509] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[510] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 70. 

[511] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[512] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), p. 92. 

[513] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[514] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[515] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Lanercost Priory, Cumberland, I, p. 236.   

[516] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[517] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[518] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CXXXII, p. 340. 

[519] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[520] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), p. 92. 

[521] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[522] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[523] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 520. 

[524] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 285. 

[525] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, III, p. 126. 

[526] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 7 John, p. 315. 

[527] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 74. 

[528] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[529] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[530] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[531] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, III, p. 126. 

[532] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Catesby Nunnery, Northamptonshire, II, p. 637. 

[533] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 653, p. 402. 

[534] CP IX 469, footnote i, citing Assize Roll 560, m 9. 

[535] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[536] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 653, p. 402. 

[537] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[538] Dugdale Monasticon V, Rievall Abbey, Yorkshire, III, Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia, p. 281. 

[539] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 653, p. 402. 

[540] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[541] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[542] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[543] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[544] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Lanercost Priory, Cumberland, I, p. 236.   

[545] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[546] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[547] Historiæ Anglicanæ Scriptores X (1652), Radulphus de Diceto, Abbreviationes Chronicorum, col. 518. 

[548] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 436. 

[549] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 40. 

[550] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 197. 

[551] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Lanercost Priory, Cumberland, I, p. 236.   

[552] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Lanercost Priory, Cumberland, I, p. 236.   

[553] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 395. 

[554] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 54. 

[555] St Bees, 309, p. 318. 

[556] Prescott, J. E. (ed.) (1897) The Register of the Priory of Wetherhal (London) ("Wetherhal"), 191, p. 301.   

[557] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Norfolk & Suffolk, p. 63. 

[558] CP IX, table following p. 398, citing Lanercost Chartulary "penes the Dean and Chapter of Carlisle", pp. 12, 26, and 30 [not yet consulted]. 

[559] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Lanercost Priory, Cumberland, I, p. 236.   

[560] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 85. 

[561] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Norfolk & Suffolk, p. 63. 

[562] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 492. 

[563] Duffus Hardy, T. (ed.) (1835) Rotuli Litterarum Patentium in Turri Londinensi asservati, Vol. I, Pars 1 (London) ("Rotuli Litterarum Patentium"), 14 John, p. 95. 

[564] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 14 John, p. 96. 

[565] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 169. 

[566] Wetherhal, 192, p. 302.   

[567] Wetherhal, 193, p. 305.   

[568] Somerset Record Society (1894) Two Cartularies of the Augustinian Priory of Bruton and the Cluniac Priory of Montacute in the county of Somerset (London) ("Bruton"), 162, p. 37. 

[569] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 493. 

[570] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 197. 

[571] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 14 John, p. 96. 

[572] Bruton, 162, p. 37. 

[573] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Lanercost Priory, Cumberland, III, p. 238.   

[574] Wetherhal, 192, p. 302.   

[575] Wetherhal, 193, p. 305.   

[576] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 14 John, p. 96. 

[577] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Lanercost Priory, Cumberland, III, p. 238. 

[578] Wetherhal, 194, p. 306. 

[579] Maitland Club (1839) Chronicon de Lanercost (Edinburgh) ("Lanercost Chronicle"), 1294, p. 159. 

[580] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 94, p. 64. 

[581] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 14 John, p. 96. 

[582] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 15 John, p. 105. 

[583] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 169. 

[584] Wetherhal, 193, p. 305.   

[585] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 14 John, p. 96. 

[586] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 395. 

[587] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 14 John, p. 95. 

[588] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 17. 

[589] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 397. 

[590] Pipe Roll Society (1894) Feet of Fines of the reign of Henry II and of the first seven years of Richard I 1182 to 1196 (London), 104, p. 90. 

[591] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 473. 

[592] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 441. 

[593] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 250.  

[594] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 371. 

[595] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1843, p. 641. 

[596] Bannatyne Club (1847) Liber S. Marie de Dryburgh: Registrum Cartarum Abbacie Premonstratensis de Dryburgh (Edinburgh) ("Dryburgh"), 23, p. 15. 

[597] Dryburgh, 25, p. 16. 

[598] Dryburgh, 33, p. 22. 

[599] Dryburgh, 33, p. 22. 

[600] Dryburgh, 25, p. 16. 

[601] Dryburgh, 29, p. 19. 

[602] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 3132, p. 466. 

[603] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire V, In Chronicis Abbatiæ Tynterne in Wallia, p. 271.   

[604] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 3080, p. 459. 

[605] Gilbert, J. T. (ed.) (1884) Chartularies of St Mary’s Abbey, Dublin, with the Register of its House at Dunbrody and Annals of Ireland (London), Annals of Ireland, Vol. II, p. 314. 

[606] Luard, H. R. (ed.) (1874) Matthæi Parisiensis, Monachi Sancti Albani, Chronica Majora (London) (“MP”), Vol. V, 1252, p. 341. 

[607] Dryburgh, 138, p. 99. 

[608] Bain, J. (1884) Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland preserved in the Public Record Office (Scottish Record Office) ("Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain)"), Vol. II, 32, p. 8. 

[609] Dryburgh, 106, p. 76. 

[610] Dryburgh, 107, p. 77. 

[611] Dryburgh, 135, p. 97. 

[612] Dryburgh, 135, p. 97. 

[613] Wetherhal, 194, p. 306. 

[614] Glasgow Bishopric, Tome I, 219, p. 180. 

[615] Dryburgh, 285, p. 233. 

[616] Loyd (1951), p. 109. 

[617] Domesday Translation, Buckinghamshire, XXXVIII, p. 416. 

[618] Dugdale Monasticon VI.3, Cathedral of St Peter, York, IX, p. 1177.   

[619] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kenilworth Priory, Warwickshire, V, p. 222.   

[620] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary, V, p. 548. 

[621] Round, J. H. (1909) Feudal England (London), The Leicestershire Survey (1124-1129), p. 161. 

[622] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), pp. 76 and 87. 

[623] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Stone Priory, Staffordshire, III, p. 231. 

[624] Collections for a History of Staffordshire, Vol. 3 (Stafford, 1882), Curia Regis Rolls, 9 John, p. 141. 

[625] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), 464, p. 342. 

[626] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Norfolk & Suffolk, p. 49. 

[627] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 395. 

[628] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 527. 

[629] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 103. 

[630] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 103. 

[631] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1100, p. 116. 

[632] Harwood, T. (1844) A Survey of Staffordshire by Sampson Erdeswick Esq (London) ("Erdeswick"), p. 493 footnote b. 

[633] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), 464, p. 342. 

[634] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 271. 

[635] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 42. 

[636] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 56. 

[637] Pipe Roll 23 Hen II (1176/77), Warwickshire & Leicestershire, p. 26. 

[638] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DXLVI, p. 123. 

[639] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCCLI, p. 395. 

[640] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 61. 

[641] Dugdale Monasticon V, Croxden Abbey, Staffordshire, II, p. 662. 

[642] Dugdale Monasticon V, Croxden Abbey, Staffordshire, I, Croxden Chronicle, p. 661. 

[643] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Norfolk & Suffolk, p. 49. 

[644] Dugdale Monasticon V, Croxden Abbey, Staffordshire, II, p. 662. 

[645] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 222. 

[646] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VIII regis Ricardi scutagium Normanniæ ad XXs, p. 113. 

[647] Dugdale Monasticon V, Croxden Abbey, Staffordshire, I, Croxden Chronicle, p. 661. 

[648] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Oxfordshire, p. 94. 

[649] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 601, p. 463. 

[650] Dugdale Monasticon V, Croxden Abbey, Staffordshire, I, Croxden Chronicle, p. 661. 

[651] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, pp. 517 and 569. 

[652] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 39. 

[653] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 222. 

[654] Patent Rolls Henry III 1225-1232 (1903), p. 230. 

[655] Patent Rolls Henry III 1225-1232 (1903), p. 230. 

[656] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 572. 

[657] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 1847, p. 275. 

[658] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 572. 

[659] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 1923, p. 285. 

[660] Dugdale Monasticon V, Croxden Abbey, Staffordshire, I, Croxden Chronicle, p. 661. 

[661] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 2874, p. 429. 

[662] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 6, p. 6. 

[663] Luard, H. R. (ed.) (1866) Annales Monastici Vol. III, Annales Prioratus de Dunstaplia, Annales Monasterii de Bermundeseia (London), Annales de Dunstaplia, p. 91. 

[664] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 1371, p. 207. 

[665] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, pp. 304 and 326. 

[666] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 17/18 John, p. 601. 

[667] Dugdale Monasticon V, Croxden Abbey, Staffordshire, II, p. 662. 

[668] Dugdale Monasticon V, Croxden Abbey, Staffordshire, II, p. 662. 

[669] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 84. 

[670] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 89, p. 80. 

[671] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 566. 

[672] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/28, 13 Hen III, 153. 

[673] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/28, 13 Hen III, 153. 

[674] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/30, 15 Hen III, 2a. 

[675] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 566. 

[676] CP XII/2 242. 

[677] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 570. 

[678] CP XII/2 pp. 242-46. 

[679] CP XII/2 242. 

[680] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/24, 10 Hen III, 287. 

[681] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/24, 10 Hen III, 287. 

[682] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 17/18 John, p. 589. 

[683] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 17/18 John, p. 589. 

[684] Dugdale Monasticon V, Croxden Abbey, Staffordshire, I, Croxden Chronicle, p. 661. 

[685] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 2874, p. 429. 

[686] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 78, p. 58. 

[687] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire V, In Chronicis Abbatiæ Tynterne in Wallia, p. 270.   

[688] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Lanthony Abbey, Gloucestershire, II, Fundatorum progenies, pp. 135-6. 

[689] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 2662, p. 397. 

[690] Bambury, P. and Beechinor, S. (eds.) (2000) The Annals of Ulster (Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition “CELT”, University College, Cork) [available at <http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100001A/index.html> (22 Feb 2006)], 1269.1, p. 345. 

[691] Priour, M. and Beechinor, S. (eds.) (2002) The Annals of the Four Masters (CELT) [available at <http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100005B/index.html> (26 Jan 2008)], 1271.8, p. 415. 

[692] Butler, R. (ed.) (1842) Jacobi Grace, Kilkenniensis, Annales Hiberniæ (Dublin) (“Grace Annales Hiberniæ”), 1271, p. 36. 

[693] Grace Annales Hiberniæ, 1271, p. 36. 

[694] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Wigmore Abbey, Herefordshire, III, Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia, p. 351. 

[695] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire V, In Chronicis Abbatiæ Tynterne in Wallia, p. 270.   

[696] Dugdale Monasticon II, Tewkesbury Monastery, Gloucestershire I, Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione Ecclesiæ Theokusburiæ, pp. 61 and 62.   

[697] Stubbs, W. (ed.) (1882) Annales Londonienses and Annales Paulini (London), Annales Londonienses, p. 156. 

[698] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire V, In Chronicis Abbatiæ Tynterne in Wallia, p. 270.   

[699] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 56. 

[700] Nicolas (1826), Vol. I, p. 56. 

[701] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XI, p. 147. 

[702] Domesday Translation, Cheshire, pp. 723-4. 

[703] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 44, p. 49. 

[704] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VIII, XV, p. 350. 

[705] Dugdale Monasticon V, Ford Abbey, Devonshire I, p. 381. 

[706] Guilloreau, L. (ed.) (1908) Cartulaire de Loders (Dorset) (Evreux) ("Loders (Dorset)") III, p. 16. 

[707] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 555. 

[708] CP I Appendix I, p. 768, quoting Cartulary of Loders

[709] CP I Appendix I, p. 768, quoting Cartulary of Montebourg

[710] Loders (Dorset) V, p. 18. 

[711] Round (1899) 878, p. 314. 

[712] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLXX, p. 149. 

[713] Dugdale Monasticon V, Ford Abbey, Devonshire I, p. 381. 

[714] CP I Appendix I, p. 768, quoting Cartulary of Loders

[715] Round (1899) 879, p. 314. 

[716] CP I Appendix I, p. 768, quoting Cartulary of Loders

[717] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Dorsetshire, Wiltshire, p. 13. 

[718] Round (1899) 879, p. 314. 

[719] Actes Henri II, Tome I, V, p. 10. 

[720] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XIV, p. 18. 

[721] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XLII, p. 47. 

[722] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XXXIV, p. 135. 

[723] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 554. 

[724] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XXXIV, p. 135. 

[725] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 630. 

[726] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DXXVI, p. 89. 

[727] Vernier, J. J. (1916) Chartes de l’abbaye de Jumièges (Rouen, Paris) (“Jumièges”), Tome II, CXIV, p. 34. 

[728] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLXX, p. 149. 

[729] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLXXXIII, p. 167. 

[730] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes I, 441, p. 186. 

[731] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 555. 

[732] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 555. 

[733] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes I, 441, p. 186. 

[734] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 555. 

[735] Jumièges, Tome II, CXIV, p. 34. 

[736] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 554. 

[737] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XXXIV, p. 135. 

[738] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCLXXIX, p. 298. 

[739] CP I Appendix I, p. 768, quoting Cartulary of Loders

[740] Round (1899) 879, p. 314. 

[741] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLXX, p. 149. 

[742] Jumièges, Tome II, CXIV, p. 34. 

[743] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Twinham Priory, Hampshire, II, Fundatoris Progenies, p. 304. 

[744] Dugdale Monasticon V, Revesby Abbey, Lincolnshire I, p. 454.   

[745] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLXXXIII, p. 167. 

[746] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 555. 

[747] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 555. 

[748] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 6 John, p. 261. 

[749] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 7 John, p. 322. 

[750] Domesday Translation, Northamptonshire, XXVIIII, p. 609, Leicestershire, XVI, pp. 638-9. 

[751] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary, V, p. 548. 

[752] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary, V, p. 548. 

[753] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland IV, p. 868.   

[754] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 956.   

[755] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland III, p. 867.   

[756] Round (1899) 711, p. 253. 

[757] Round (1899), 712, p. 253. 

[758] CP XII/2 269, footnote a, quoting Cacheux, M. J. le Histoire de l’abbaye de Saint-Amand de Rouen, p. 250. 

[759] Round (1899), 712, p. 253. 

[760] Gallia Christiana, Tome XI, Instrumenta, col. 59. 

[761] Round (1899), 712, p. 253. 

[762] CP XII/2 270, footnote a, quoting Domesday Book Vol. II, f. 94b. 

[763] Round (1899), 712, p. 253. 

[764] Gallia Christiana, Tome XI, Instrumenta, col. 59. 

[765] Round (1899), 712, p. 253. 

[766] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 956.   

[767] CP XII/2 Appendix B, p. 7. 

[768] Round, J. H. (ed.) (1888) Ancient Charters Royal and Private prior to A.D. 1200 (London) ("Ancient Charters (Round)"), Part I, 6, p. 8. 

[769] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 10, p. 18. 

[770] CP XII/2 270 footnote e, citing Farrer, W. (1920) Outline Itinerary of King Henry I, no. 704. 

[771] Gesta Stephani Regis I, p. 15. 

[772] Bannister (1902), 41, p. 54. 

[773] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 21, p. 35. 

[774] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 22, p. 38. 

[775] Domesday Descendants, p. 854. 

[776] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Lilleshall Abbey, Shropshire, I, Historia Fundationis eiusdem, p. 262. 

[777] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 21, p. 35. 

[778] Bruton, 148, p. 34. 

[779] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 195. 

[780] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 70. 

[781] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 671, p. 393. 

[782] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotulus V, Norffolk, p. 26, Verumdictum de Clavering, p. 41, and Rotulus X, Cantebrigesire, Alid Hundredum, p. 46. 

[783] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 671, p. 393. 

[784] CP XII/2 270 footnote e, citing Farrer, W. (1920) Outline Itinerary of King Henry I, no. 704. 

[785] Hart, W. H. and Lyons, P. A. (ed.) (1884) Cartularium monasterii de Ramseia, 3 Vols. (London) ("Ramsey"), Vol. I, XCI, p. 153. 

[786] Lancaster, W. T. (ed.) (1912) Chartulary of the Priory of Bridlington (Leeds) ("Bridlington Priory"), p. 12. 

[787] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland III, p. 867.   

[788] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, II, p. 955.   

[789] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 956.   

[790] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland III, p. 867.   

[791] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, II, p. 955.   

[792] Farrer, W. (ed.) (1916) Early Yorkshire Charters (Edinburgh), Vol. II, 1109, p. 406. 

[793] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 956.   

[794] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, 1109, p. 406. 

[795] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, 1110, p. 407. 

[796] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, 1109, p. 406. 

[797] CP XII/2 270 footnote e, citing Farrer, W. (1920) Outline Itinerary of King Henry I, no. 704. 

[798] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 219. 

[799] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1968), Vol. III, 32, p. 11. 

[800] Dugdale Monasticon V, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, II, p. 346.   

[801] Dugdale Monasticon V, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[802] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 107. 

[803] Dugdale Monasticon V, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, IV, p. 347.   

[804] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotulus VII, Hertefordesire, Hundredum de Herdforde, p. 36, Verumdictum de Clavering, p. 41, and Rotulus X, Cantebrigesire, Alid Hundredum, p. 46. 

[805] CP XII/2 footnote d. 

[806] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, 1109, p. 406. 

[807] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[808] Domesday Descendants, pp. 400, 553. 

[809] Foster, C. W. (ed.) (1920) Final Concords of the County of Lincoln: 1244-1272, Appendix V: Additional Concords, available at <http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53640> [2 Jul 2012].

[810] Round, W. H. ‘The FitzWilliams’, The Ancestor, No. XII (Jan 1905), p. 113, citing Pipe Roll Society, Vol. XXVII (1906) Pipe Roll 24 H. II, p. 65. 

[811] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. I, 1522, p. 208. 

[812] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[813] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, 1112, p. 408. 

[814] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[815] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonsire, Duo Hundreda de Suttone, p. 15. 

[816] Domesday Descendants, p. 250. 

[817] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[818] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 87. 

[819] MP, Vol. II, 1211, p. 532. 

[820] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[821] Stringer, K. J. ‘Periphery and Core in Thirteenth Century Scotland: Alan son of Roland, Lord of Galloway and Constable of Scotland’, Grant, A. & Stringer, K. J. (eds.) (1998) Medieval Scotland, Crown, Lordship and Community (Edinburgh U.P.), p. 96, citing Register of St Bees, 5, p. x. 

[822] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[823] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[824] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[825] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[826] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[827] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[828] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire VI, Historia Laceiorum, p. 534.   

[829] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 956.   

[830] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland III, p. 867.   

[831] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, 1110, p. 407. 

[832] Hunter, J. (ed.) (1844) The Great Rolls of the Pipe for the second, third and fourth years of the reign of King Henry II 1155-1158 (London) ("Pipe Roll") 4 Hen II (1157), Northumberland, p. 177. 

[833] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 40. 

[834] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland III, p. 867.   

[835] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, 1114, p. 410. 

[836] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, pp. 956-7.   

[837] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Old Malton Priory, Yorkshire, VI, p. 971.   

[838] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, 1114, p. 410. 

[839] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 956.   

[840] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Old Malton Priory, Yorkshire, XIV, Stemma Fundatorum, p. 973.   

[841] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. I, 1885, p. 493. 

[842] Maxwell Lyte, H. C. (ed.) (1901) Patent Rolls of the reign of Henry III preserved in the Public Record Office 1215-1225 (London), p. 219. 

[843] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Old Malton Priory, Yorkshire, XIV, Stemma Fundatorum, p. 973.   

[844] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 247. 

[845] CP XII/2 285. 

[846] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland IV, p. 868.   

[847] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland IV, p. 868.   

[848] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 956.   

[849] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland IV, p. 868.   

[850] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 77. 

[851] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 562. 

[852] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 200. 

[853] Luard, H. R. (ed.) (1869) Annales Monastici Vol. IV, Annales de Oseneia, Chronicon Thomæ Wykes, Annales de Wigornia (London), Annales de Wigornia, p. 400. 

[854] Chronicle of Melrose, 1216, p. 45, and CP XII/2 276. 

[855] Chronicle of Melrose, 1191, p. 27, the reference being in the early part of the annal for that year. 

[856] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 956.   

[857] Innes, C. (ed.) (1846) Registrum cartarum abbacie Tironensis de Kelso 1113-1167 (Edinburgh) ("Kelso"), Tome I, 210, p. 174. 

[858] Melrose Liber, Tome I, 286, p. 253. 

[859] Patent Rolls Henry III 1215-1225 (1901), p. 146. 

[860] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 957.   

[861] Melrose Liber, Tome I, 286, p. 253. 

[862] Patent Rolls Henry III 1215-1225 (1901), p. 146. 

[863] Melrose Liber, Tome I, 296, p. 261. 

[864] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 2949, p. 439. 

[865] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Old Malton Priory, Yorkshire, XIV, Stemma Fundatorum, p. 972.   

[866] Bowles, W. L. and Nichols, J. G. (1835) Annals and Antiquities of Lacock Abbey (London), Appendix I, Book of Lacock, p. ii. 

[867] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire V, In Chronicis Abbatiæ Tynterne in Wallia, p. 271.   

[868] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 957.   

[869] Gilbert, J. T. (ed.) (1884) Chartularies of St Mary’s Abbey, Dublin, with the Register of its House at Dunbrody and Annals of Ireland (London), Annals of Ireland, Vol. II, p. 314. 

[870] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 2949, p. 439. 

[871] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 3080, p. 459. 

[872] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Old Malton Priory, Yorkshire, XIV, Stemma Fundatorum, p. 972.   

[873] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 957.   

[874] Annals of Ireland, Chartulary of Dublin St Mary’s Vol. II, p. 314. 

[875] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Old Malton Priory, Yorkshire, XIV, Stemma Fundatorum, p. 972.   

[876] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 723, p. 445. 

[877] When Pierre de Savoie was obliged to leave England, according to CP X 807. 

[878] CP XII/2 278. 

[879] Bridlington Priory, p. 422. 

[880] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 723, p. 445. 

[881] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 957.   

[882] Annals of Ireland, Chartulary of Dublin St Mary’s Vol. II, p. 314. 

[883] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 723, p. 445. 

[884] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 957.   

[885] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 957.   

[886] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 957.   

[887] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Old Malton Priory, Yorkshire, XIV, Stemma Fundatorum, p. 972.   

[888] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. II, 444, p. 105. 

[889] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 957.   

[890] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Watton Priory, Yorkshire, XII, Stemma Fundatorum istius Domus, p. 957.   

[891] CP XII/2 284. 

[892] Melrose Liber, Tome I, 296, p. 261. 

[893] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire V, In Chronicis Abbatiæ Tynterne in Walli