untitled ENGLISH NOBILITY D - K

v4.1 Updated 24 November 2019

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

DAMMARTIN. 2

DOVER. 18

DUNSTANVILLE. 23

ESSEX. 30

EWIAS. 34

FALAISE. 39

FAMILY of HERBERT FitzHENRY, the CHAMBERLAIN. 41

FAUCOMBERGE. 55

FERRERS. 59

FITZERNEIS. 62

FITZGEROLD. 68

FITZREINFRID. 74

FITZRICHARD. 77

FITZSWEIN. 80

FITZURSE. 83

FITZWALTER (of Caen) 86

FITZWILLIAM.. 89

FLAMVILLE (FLAMENVILLE) 96

FOLIOT. 100

FORZ. 110

GIFFARD (of Weare, Devonshire) 114

GLANVILLE. 116

GOURNAY. 124

GOXHILL. 130

GREY (of HETON) 133

HARCOURT. 134

HATTON. 142

HESDIN. 143

HOSDENC. 146

KYME. 147

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DAMMARTIN

 

 

The parentage of Eudes [I], the earliest recorded member of the Dammartin families in England, is not known.  According to Domesday Descendants, he was the son of Hugues [I] Comte de Dammartin[1], but it is unclear whether this suggestion is based on a specific source.  Another possibility is that Eudes was a knight who took his name from the castle of Dammartin but was either unrelated, or related only distantly, to the comital family.  The name Manassès, used by the main English Dammartin family, was associated with the earlier comital family in France, but it would be unsafe to draw any firm conclusions about a family relationship based on this single onomastic connection.  A further difficulty is introduced by an undated charter, quoted below, which was witnessed by numerous Dammartin individuals.  The original of this charter has not been seen, but Evans indicated that the document “could not be [dated] later than 1135”[2].  The basis for this assessment is not known.  If it is correct, all the named individuals could not have been descended from Eudes [I], which would indicate that other Dammartin individuals accompanied him to England.  However, the document would make more sense if dated to the 1170s, in which case it would be chronologically feasible for Eudes [I] to have been the ancestor of all the witnesses. 

 

 

EUDES [I] de Dammartin, son of --- (-before [1129/30])"...Odo de Domino Martino..." witnessed the charter dated 1113 which records that "Rohes", wife of Richard son of Earl Gilbert, donated property to Bec Sainte-Marie and St. Neot of Eynulfisbury[3].  Ralph Archbishop of Canterbury confirmed the possessions of Lewes priory by charter dated 1121, including property "in episcopatu Wintoniensi...ecclesia de Gatetuna" donated by "Herfredus et...Oddo de Donmartini et ecclesia de Suthwerca"[4].  It is unclear from the full text of this document whether it was the same property jointly owned by the two donors which was donated, or whether the two individuals were unconnected.  [Lord of Mendlesham, Suffolk: the Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that King Henry I granted "Mendlesh" in Suffolk to "Odoni de Danmartin" and that it was then held by "Roberto…de Burgate…cum uxore sua heredi Willelmi de Danmartin"[5].  It is more likely that “Odoni de Danmartin” in this document was Eudes [I] than Eudes [II] as the property in question passed to descendants of Manasses, son of Eudes [I], not to Eudes [II] and his descendants.] 

m BASILIA, daughter of --- (-after [1129/30]).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Basilia uxor Odon de Domartino…arg. dote sua" in Norfolk[6].  There is no proof that she was the mother of all the children of Eudes [I].  The daughter of Eudes [I]’s son Stephen was named Basilia, which suggests that she was the mother at least of some of Eudes’s younger children. 

Eudes [I] & [his wife] had [seven] children: 

1.         EUDES [II] de Dammartin (before [1110]-after 1154).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Odo fil Odon de Domartino" in Suffolk (precise place not specified)[7].  As Eudes held the property in his own name, it is unlikely that he was born later than [1110].  He is the only one of the sons of Eudes [I] who is recorded in this Pipe Roll, which suggests that he was his father’s oldest son.  An undated charter records that Simon Earl of Northampton and Huntingdon enfeoffed “Odonis de Domnomartino” with “terram de Bogeton...et Wrastingewerd et terram de Bechansted” [Buckden (Huntingdonshire), Wrestlingworth (Bedfordshire), Beachamstead (Huntingdonshire)], dated to [1152/53][8].  His death during the early years of the reign of King Henry II is confirmed by the Red Book of the Exchequer which, in 1166, records that [his son] "Odonis de Danmartino" certified that “pater meus” had held one knight’s fee in Norfolk [unspecified] from “avo vestro [King Henry I] et de vobis [King Henry II]”, which “Odonis” currently held from King Henry II[9].  In this entry it is likely that “pater meus” refers to Eudes [II] as he is the only known son of Eudes [I] who was deceased at the time.  m ---.  The name of Eudes’s wife is not known.  Eudes [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)         EUDES [III] de Dammartin (-after [1168], maybe after [1196/97]).  His succession to the lands of his father (who is assumed to have been Eudes [II], although this is not specified in the document) is confirmed by the Red Book of the Exchequer which, in 1166, records that "Odonis de Danmartino" certified that “pater meus” had held one knight’s fee in Norfolk [unspecified] from “avo vestro [King Henry I] et de vobis [King Henry II]”, which “Odonis” currently held from King Henry II[10].  “Odo de Dan Martin son of Odo de Dan Martin” donated “land in Chertehamme which is of my fee of Tunrugge and...in Chepstede...[and] of Mecheleham” to Lewes St. Pancras, “as the charter of my uncle [maybe William, see below] and my father Odo which they hold”, by undated charter[11].  The 1167/68 Pipe Roll records "Manaser de Damartin, Albic de Damartin...Odo de Damartin" each returning for one knight’s fee in Norfolk and Suffolk[12].  Eudes’s name appears in this record in a separate section from Manassès and Aubry.  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Odo de Danmartin i m" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1167/68][13].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Odone de Dammartin" in Norfolk and Suffolk[14].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Odo de Danmartin xx s, comes Albericus de Danmartin xx s, et in perdone xx s" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1186/87][15].  The 1186/87 Pipe Roll names "Odo de Dammartin, Comes Albericus de Dammartin" in adjacent entries in Norfolk and Suffolk, and in Surrey “Odo de Dammartin...pro habenda custodia filii et terre Hugonis Pinc[16].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Odo de Danmartin" paying "xs, i militem" in Norfolk, Suffolk[17].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records that "Odo de Danmartin" paid "xx s, i militem" in Norfolk, Suffolk[18].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Odo de Danmartin" paying "xx s" in Norfolk, Suffolk[19].  Lord of Strumshaw[20]

2.         MANASSES de Dammartin (-[1178/79]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records that "Manasseri de Danmartin" held one knight’s fee in Suffolk [maybe referring to Mendlesham, although this is not specified] after his father died, during the reign of King Henry I, which he had “in tempore guerræ” (i.e. during the civil war) granted to "Galtero de Gornaco" and which was now (in 1166) held by “Willelmus filius suus[21].  His parentage is confirmed by an undated charter, dated to [1156/78], for Bury St. Edmund’s under Abbot Hugh, witnessed by “Manasses de Dammartin et Albricus frater eius et Alanus[22].  It is not clear from this extract whether “Alanus” was another brother of Manassès and Aubrey.  The order of the witness names suggests that Manassès was older than his brother Aubrey.  ["Aubri comes Dommartini" granted Norton, Suffolk to “William de Donomart” by undated charter, witnessed by Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin, Hamo de Dammartin and William his brother, Alan de Dammartin, Walter de Dammartin, Matthew de Dammartin, William the bastard, Gilbert de Dammartin and Roger his brother, and Philip de Dammartin[23].  Evans indicated that this document “could not be [dated] later than 1135”.  However, this charter (as reported: the complete document has not been seen) is confused: the title “comes” accorded to the grantor is anachronistic and the witnesses are more consistent with a later date.  Maybe the document is a later conflation of earlier charters.]  The 1160/61 Pipe Roll names (in order) "Maness de Damartin, Wills de Dammartin, Albr de Dammartin" in Norfolk/Suffolk[24].  “Manassès de Dammartin, avec son épouse Galienne et ses fils Barthélemy, Eudes, Haimon, Guillaume et d’autres” donated property to Missenden by charter dated to before 1161[25].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Manasserus de Danmartin i m" in Yorkshire in [1161/62][26].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name "Manasser de Danmartin, iii milites" among those providing knights for military service with "Walteri de Meduana" in Kent[27].  The 1167/68 Pipe Roll records "Manaser de Damartin, Albic de Damartin...Odo de Damartin" each returning for one knight’s fee in Norfolk and Suffolk[28].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Manasser de Danmartin i m" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1167/68][29].  He granted land to his nephew Manassès in [1168][30].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Albericus de Danmartin xx s, Manasser de Danmartin xx s" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1171/72][31].  The 1177/78 Pipe Roll names "Manesero de Dammartin" in Essex and Hertfordshire[32].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Maneserus de Dammartin" in Essex and Hertfordshire[33]m GALIENA, daughter of ---.   “Manassès de Dammartin, avec son épouse Galienne et ses fils Barthélemy, Eudes, Haimon, Guillaume et d’autres” donated property to Missenden by charter dated to before 1161[34].  Richard I King of England confirmed a donation to Stratford-at-Bow by “Galienæ et filii eius Bartholomei de Daumartin” by charter dated 9 Oct 1189[35].  Manassès & his wife had [six or more] children: 

a)         BARTHOLOMEW de Dammartin (-before 1194).  “Manassès de Dammartin, avec son épouse Galienne et ses fils Barthélemy, Eudes, Haimon, Guillaume et d’autres” donated property to Missenden by charter dated to before 1161[36].  ["Aubri comes Dommartini" granted Norton, Suffolk to “William de Donomart” by undated charter, witnessed by Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin, Hamo de Dammartin and William his brother, Alan de Dammartin, Walter de Dammartin, Matthew de Dammartin, William the bastard, Gilbert de Dammartin and Roger his brother, and Philip de Dammartin[37].  Evans indicated that this document “could not be [dated] later than 1135”.  However, this charter (as reported: the complete document has not been seen) is confused: the title “comes” accorded to the grantor is anachronistic and the witnesses are more consistent with a later date.  Maybe the document is a later conflation of earlier charters.]  He succeeded his father in [1178/79]: the 1178/79 Pipe Roll records "Bartholomeus de Dammartin" liable in respect of “terre patris sui” in Norfolk and Suffolk[38].  The 1186/87 Pipe Roll records between "Godardus Merciarius" and “Bartholomeum de Dammartin” in London & Middlesex[39].  Richard I King of England confirmed a donation to Stratford-at-Bow by “Galienæ et filii eius Bartholomei de Daumartin” by charter dated 9 Oct 1189[40]

b)         EUDES de Dammartin .  “Manassès de Dammartin, avec son épouse Galienne et ses fils Barthélemy, Eudes, Haimon, Guillaume et d’autres” donated property to Missenden by charter dated to before 1161[41]

c)         HAMON de Dammartin .  “Manassès de Dammartin, avec son épouse Galienne et ses fils Barthélemy, Eudes, Haimon, Guillaume et d’autres” donated property to Missenden by charter dated to before 1161[42].  ["Aubri comes Dommartini" granted Norton, Suffolk to “William de Donomart” by undated charter, witnessed by Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin, Hamo de Dammartin and William his brother, Alan de Dammartin, Walter de Dammartin, Matthew de Dammartin, William the bastard, Gilbert de Dammartin and Roger his brother, and Philip de Dammartin[43].  Evans indicated that this document “could not be [dated] later than 1135”.  However, this charter (as reported: the complete document has not been seen) is confused: the title “comes” accorded to the grantor is anachronistic and the witnesses are more consistent with a later date.  Maybe the document is a later conflation of earlier charters.]   

d)         WILLIAM de Dammartin (-1195).  ["Aubri comes Dommartini" granted Norton, Suffolk to “William de Donomart” by undated charter, witnessed by Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin, Hamo de Dammartin and William his brother, Alan de Dammartin, Walter de Dammartin, Matthew de Dammartin, William the bastard, Gilbert de Dammartin and Roger his brother, and Philip de Dammartin[44].  Evans indicated that this document “could not be [dated] later than 1135”.  However, this charter (as reported: the complete document has not been seen) is confused: the title “comes” accorded to the grantor is anachronistic and the witnesses are more consistent with a later date.  Maybe the document is a later conflation of earlier charters.]  “Manassès de Dammartin, avec son épouse Galienne et ses fils Barthélemy, Eudes, Haimon, Guillaume et d’autres” donated property to Missenden by charter dated to before 1161[45].  He succeeded his brother Bartholomew.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "comes Albericus" paying "iv s ix d" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire and of "Willelmus de Danmartin, Albericus de Danmartin", each paying "x s, i militem" in Norfolk, Suffolk[46].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records that "Willelmus de Danmartin" paid "xx s, i militem" in Norfolk, Suffolk[47]m ---.  The name of William's wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          GALIENA (-after 1228).  She was heiress of her paternal grandfather's estates by 1197.  King John confirmed that "Johannes Briewerr" held "terram q fuit Willi de Danmartin…cum Galiena filia eiusdem" by charter dated 28 Feb 1200[48].  King John confirmed "feod i militis in Meldesham…" held by "Johs Briwerr…cum filia et herede Willi de Danmartin" to "Willelmo Briw" by charter dated 22 Mar 1205[49].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that King Henry I granted "Mendlesh" in Suffolk to "Odoni de Danmartin" and that it was then held by "Roberto…de Burgate…cum uxore sua heredi Willelmi de Danmartin"[50].  King John granted "feodum uni militis in Heldesham quod Johannes Briwer teneit cum predicta filia et herede Willelmi de Danmartin" to "Willelmo Briwerr" on the marriage of "Roberto de Burgat" and "Galienam filiam et heredem Willelmi Danmartin" dated 16 Mar 1215[51]"Ernulfus de Mandevill et Galiena uxor eius" appointed an attorney against "Isabellam comitissam Oxonie de custodia terre et heredis Roberti de Burgate" dated 1228[52].  Mendlesham was later held by Thomas FitzOtes (see below).  His acquisition of the property, whether by inheritance or purchase, has not been traced.  m firstly (before 28 Feb 1200) JOHN Briwere, son of --- (-before 22 Mar 1205).  m secondly ([16 Mar 1215]) ROBERT de Burgate, son of --- (-1220).  m thirdly ERNALD de Mandeville, son of --- (-after 1228). 

e)         other children .  “Manassès de Dammartin, avec son épouse Galienne et ses fils Barthélemy, Eudes, Haimon, Guillaume et d’autres” donated property to Missenden by charter dated to before 1161[53]

3.         AUBRY [I] de Dammartin (-after [1171/72]).  His parentage is confirmed by an undated charter which records that Simon Earl of Northampton and Huntingdon enfeoffed “Alberico comite de Danmartin” with “terram de Wrestlingewerde et de Berchamstede” which his father had granted to “Odoni de Danmartin fratre suo” [see above], maybe dated to before [1184][54].  Lord of Norton, Suffolk: King Henry I notified the bishop of Norwich and the barons of Suffolk that he had restored his father’s land "the manor of Norton" to "Aubrey de Dammartin" by charter dated to [1130/35][55].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Carta Albrici de Danmartin" in Suffolk in 1166, recording that during the reign of King Henry I he held one knight’s fee [maybe Norton, Suffolk, although this is not specified], which he now held from King Henry II, and that "tempore Henrici Regis" he had sub-enfeoffed it to “Willelmum de Danmartin fratrem meum[56].  [This links with the undated charter under which "Aubri comes Dommartini" granted Norton, Suffolk to “William de Donomart”, witnessed by Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin, Hamo de Dammartin and William his brother, Alan de Dammartin, Walter de Dammartin, Matthew de Dammartin, William the bastard, Gilbert de Dammartin and Roger his brother, and Philip de Dammartin[57].  Evans indicated that this document “could not be [dated] later than 1135”.  However, this charter (as reported: the complete document has not been seen) is confused: the title “comes” accorded to the grantor is anachronistic and the witnesses are more consistent with a later date.]  Lord of Hamerton, Huntingdonshire: Simon Earl of Northampton and Huntingdon confirmed that “Henricus de Rio” had enfeoffed “Alberico de Dammartin” with “Hamertun” by charter dated to the early 1150s[58].  “Albricus de Domno Martino et Matilda uxor eius” donated “ecclesiam de Hamertune” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro...[59].  Evans dates this document to [1147/67][60].  The 1155/56 Pipe Roll records "Albici de Damartin" partially satisfying a debt[61].  “Manasses de Dammartin et Albricus frater eius et Alanus” witnessed the undated charter, dated to [1156/78], for Bury St. Edmund’s under Abbot Hugh[62].  The 1160/61 Pipe Roll names (in order) "Maness de Damartin, Wills de Dammartin, Albr de Dammartin" in Norfolk/Suffolk[63].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Albericus de Danmartin i m" in Yorkshire in [1161/62][64].  The 1167/68 Pipe Roll records "Manaser de Damartin, Albic de Damartin...Odo de Damartin" each returning for one knight’s fee in Norfolk and Suffolk[65].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Albericus de Danmartin xx s, Manasser de Danmartin xx s" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1171/72][66].  [same person as...?  AUBRY (-after 1129).  Chambrier de France 1122 to 1129[67].  The English properties held by Aubry [II] Comte de Dammartin suggest a close relationship with the Dammartin families in England who are recorded holding the same lands.  The father of Comte Aubry is named in the charter dated 1162 under which "Amalricus...Silvanectensis episcopus" confirmed the donation of “usum...totius forestæ Espioniæ de Bealci” made to Charlieu by “Albericus camerarius et filius eius Albericus comes de Dammartin”, with the consent of “Johanne scancione regis et uxore sua Helisendi et Petro filio suo[68].  Given the English connection, the obvious suggestion is that Comte Aubry was the son of the English Aubry [I] de Dammartin.  However, the chronology is not ideal for the latter to have been the chambrier who was named between 1122 and 1129.  As indicated above, the English Aubry [I] was adult during the late years of King Henry I.  However, as one of the younger sons of Eudes [I] de Dammartin, it is unclear whether he was old enough to have held the position of chambrier in 1122.  same person as...?  AUBRY [I] (-after 1162).  One possibility to avoid the chronological difficulty highlighted above, is that there were two chambriers named Aubry.  [Chambrier de France 1155/62].  This appointment is suggested by the charter dated 1162 quoted above.  Delaite says that Aubry [I], father of Comte Aubry [II], was “suivant le père Anselme, chambrier de France en 1155 et 1160[69].  In fact, Père Anselme lists “Alberic I...comte de Dammartin, chambrier de France”, referring only to the 1162 charter and adding that he was still alive in 1181, but cites no references dated 1155 or 1160[70].  Luchaire, in his review of the royal officers, comments that “cet Aubri n’apparaît, à notre connaissance, sur aucune charte de Louis VII[71].  He traces the reference to Aubry as chambrier to Ducange who, Luchaire suggests, misinterpreted the 1162 charter[72].  Luchaire names Mathieu [II] Comte de Beaumont as chambrier from 1151 to 1174.  If Luchaire is correct, the reference to “camerarius” in the 1162 charter still needs explaining.  If Comte Aubry [II] was the son of the English Aubry [I] de Dammartin, the chronology of his life suggests that the latter was too young to have been the chambrier who was named between 1122 and 1129 (see above).  One possibility therefore is that the appointment oscillated between Comte Mathieu [II] and Aubry [I] during the 1150s/1160s, without leaving a trace in the surviving charters.]  There is considerable uncertainty about the marriage(s) of Aubry [I].  [m firstly ---.  There is no proof of this supposed first marriage.  However, if the suggestion is correct that the English Aubry [I] de Dammartin was the father of Aubry [II] Comte de Dammartin, the chronology suggests that the latter would have been the son of an earlier unrecorded marriage.  If that is correct, the possibility is discussed in the document PARIS REGION NOBILITY that this earlier wife was heiress of the county of Dammartin in order to explain the transmission of the county to Aubry [II].]  [m [secondly] MATILDA, daughter of [HAMON de St. Clair & his first wife Gunnor Bigod] (-after 1147).  “Albricus de Domno Martino et Matilda uxor eius” donated “ecclesiam de Hamertune” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro...[73].  Evans dates this document to [1147/67][74].  If that is correct, it suggests that Matilda was the wife of Aubry, son of Eudes [I].  The common link with Hamerton also indicates that this is right.  The witness also donated the same church to Colchester St. John, which suggests a joint interest with the donors.  Maybe Matilda was the sister of Hubert de Saint-Clair.] 

[-       COMTES de DAMMARTIN.] 

4.         WILLIAM de Dammartin (-after 1166).  “William de Dan Martin” donated “all my land of Certeham and...land in Chepstede” to Lewes St. Pancras by undated charter, witnessed by “...Walter de Danmartin...[75].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Carta Albrici de Danmartin" in Suffolk in 1166, recording that during the reign of King Henry I he held one knight’s fee [maybe Norton, Suffolk, although this is not specified], which he now held from King Henry II, and that "tempore Henrici Regis" he had sub-enfeoffed it to “Willelmum de Danmartin fratrem meum[76].  [This links with the undated charter under which "Aubri comes Dommartini" granted Norton, Suffolk to “William de Donomart”, witnessed by Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin, Hamo de Dammartin and William his brother, Alan de Dammartin, Walter de Dammartin, Matthew de Dammartin, William the bastard, Gilbert de Dammartin and Roger his brother, and Philip de Dammartin[77].  Evans indicated that this document “could not be [dated] later than 1135”.  However, this charter (as reported: the complete document has not been seen) is confused: the title “comes” accorded to the grantor is anachronistic and the witnesses are more consistent with a later date.]  “Gilbert Earl of Clare” donated “the church of Blachinglea” to Lewes St. Pancras, in return for “quit-claim the land of Gretenesse which my father gave them”, by undated charter (dated to [1138/53]), witnessed by “...William de Dan martin and Stephen his brother...[78].  “Etienne de Dammartin...avec Guillaume son frère” subscribed a charter of Roger de Clare for Stoke-by-Clare priory dated to [1152/66][79].  The 1160/61 Pipe Roll names (in order) "Maness de Damartin, Wills de Dammartin, Albr de Dammartin" in Norfolk/Suffolk[80].  Kinsman of Roger de Clare, from whom he held eleven and a half fees in 1166[81]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  The connection with Surrey suggests that she may have been AGNES, daughter of --- (-after [1169/70]), named in the 1169/70 Pipe Roll which records "De plac’ Alan de Nevill…Hocha tra Agnetis de Dammartin" owing in Surrey[82], who was presumably a widow at the time.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         EUDES [IV] de Dammartin (-after 1212).  “Odo dan Martin son of William de dan Martin” donated “land in Chartehamme...of the fee of Tenrugge and...in Chepstude and [one] third...of the tithe...of Michelam” to Lewes by undated charter[83].  King John granted “warennam per terras suas de Tenregge, Welcnested, Hereqoldesle, Chepstede, Warlingeham, Mikeleham, Effingeham, Occham, Suthewic, Sumerd, Trumeshal, Nortun” to “Odoni de Daumartin” by charter dated 1 Dec 1202[84].  The Testa de Nevill records that "Odo de Danmartin" held "Strumeshag" in "Blafeld" in Norfolk & Suffolk 1212[85], which suggests that Eudes [IV] was the son of Eudes [III].  m firstly (before 1212) --- de Lucy, daughter of REYNOLD de Lucy & his wife Amabel ---.  Her marriage and family origin are confirmed by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Richard de Lucy" gave "Wolenested…medietatem…hundredum de Tenhrigg" in Surrey to "Odoni de Dammartin cum sorore sua in maritagium"[86]m secondly as her first husband, MARGARET de Briwere, daughter of WILLIAM de Briwere & his wife Beatrice --- (-after 1237).  She married secondly William de la Ferté, and thirdly (divorced) Geoffrey [IV] de Say.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Rogero de Clare et Alicie uxori eius" against "Margeria de Feritate", accusing her of selling assets "in dotem de hereditate ipsius Alicie in Essingham ad exhereditacionem ipsius Alicie", the defendant stating that changes were made by "Galfridus de Say viri sui" before their divorce, and that the damage was caused by "Odon Danmartin primi viri sui"[87].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1233, by "Hugo Wack" against "Margeriam de Feritate et Willelmum de Percy" relating to an agreement "cum Alicia de Moun et predicto Hugone" concerning share of land which was held by "Willelmi Briwere"[88].  Eudes [IV] & his first wife had one child: 

i)          ALICE de Dammartin (-after 1242).  Her first marriage is confirmed by a charter dated 1225 which records that William Earl Warenne received the manor of Harrowsley to hold as a quarter of a knight’s fee of “William Haunsard who held it of John de Wauton and Alice his wife in right of Alice heiress of Odo de Dammartin of the Honour of Clare[89].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Rogero de Clare et Alicie uxori eius" against [Alice’s stepmother] "Margeria de Feritate", accusing her of selling assets "in dotem de hereditate ipsius Alicie in Essingham ad exhereditacionem ipsius Alicie", the defendant stating that changes were made by "Galfridus de Say viri sui" before their divorce, and that the damage was caused by "Odon Danmartin primi viri sui"[90].  The Testa de Nevill records "Alicia filia Odonis de Danmartin…maritata Rogero de Clara" holding property in "Hundredum de Tenrigg...medietatem de Walknested..." in Surrey in 1232[91].  The Testa de Nevill records that "Petrus de Monasteriis" holding property in 1242 from "Alicia que fuit uxor Rogeri de Clara de Strumesuage" in Norfolk[92]m firstly JOHN de Wauton, son of ---.  m secondly (before 1231) ROGER de Clere, son of ---. 

5.         STEPHEN de Dammartin (-after [1155/56]).  “Gilbert Earl of Clare” donated “the church of Blachinglea” to Lewes St. Pancras, in return for “quit-claim the land of Gretenesse which my father gave them”, by undated charter (dated to [1138/53]), witnessed by “...William de Dan martin and Stephen his brother...[93].  The 1155/56 Pipe Roll records "Sthephs de Damartin" in Surrey[94].  “Etienne de Dammartin...avec Guillaume son frère” subscribed a charter of Roger de Clare for Stoke-by-Clare priory dated to [1152/66][95]m as her first husband, SARAH de Bendeville, daughter of --- (-after 6 Nov 1190).  “Avec son épouse Sarah, Etienne de Dammartin” donated property to Lewes St. Pancras by undated charter[96].  She married secondly William AiguillonA charter dated 6 Nov 1190 records an agreement between “Henricum de Percy et Willelmum Anguillum et Sarram de Bendevill uxorem eius, Hugonis de Bolton et Basiliam uxorem suam filiam Stephani de Dammartin” concerning “terra in Cissacch” which was the dower of “predicta Sarra de Bendeuill...ex dono Stephani de Dammartin viri sui[97]Stephen & his wife had two children: 

a)         GILBERT de Dammartin .  Gilbert de Dammartin “après la mort de son père Etienne, sénéchal du comte Roger de Clare, mais du vivant de ce dernier 1173)” donated numerous properties to Stoke-by-Clare on becoming a monk there[98]

b)         BASILIA de Dammartin (-after 6 Nov 1190).  A charter dated 6 Nov 1190 records an agreement between “Henricum de Percy et Willelmum Anguillum et Sarram de Bendevill uxorem eius, Hugonis de Bolton et Basiliam uxorem suam filiam Stephani de Dammartin” concerning “terra in Cissacch” which was the dower of “predicta Sarra de Bendeuill...ex dono Stephani de Dammartin viri sui[99]m HUGH de Bolton, son of ---. 

6.         [ALAN .  An undated charter, dated to [1156/78], for Bury St. Edmund’s under Abbot Hugh, was witnessed by “Manasses de Dammartin et Albricus frater eius et Alanus[100].  It is not clear from this extract whether “Alanus” was another brother of Manassès and Aubrey.  same person as...?  ALAN de Dammartin .  ["Aubri comes Dommartini" granted Norton, Suffolk to “William de Donomart” by undated charter, witnessed by Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin, Hamo de Dammartin and William his brother, Alan de Dammartin, Walter de Dammartin, Matthew de Dammartin, William the bastard, Gilbert de Dammartin and Roger his brother, and Philip de Dammartin[101].  Evans indicated that this document “could not be [dated] later than 1135”.  However, this charter (as reported: the complete document has not been seen) is confused: the title “comes” accorded to the grantor is anachronistic and the witnesses are more consistent with a later date.  Maybe the document is a later conflation of earlier charters.]

7.         [daughter .  m ODO de Compeng, son of ---.]  Odo’s different name suggests that it was his wife who was the sibling of Manassès de Dammartin.  One child: 

a)         MANASSES .  Son of Odo de Compeng, he was granted land in [1168] by his uncle Manassès de Dammartin[102]

 

 

The ancestry of the following members of the family has not been traced. 

 

1.         AGNES (-after [1169/70]).  The 1169/70 Pipe Roll records "De plac’ Alan de Nevill…Hocha tra Agnetis de Dammartin" owing in Surrey[103].  Agnes was presumably the widow of one of the Dammartin individuals named above. 

 

2.         WALTER de Dammartin .  “William de Dan Martin” donated “all my land of Certeham and...land in Chepstede” to Lewes St. Pancras by undated charter, witnessed by “...Walter de Danmartin...[104].  ["Aubri comes Dommartini" granted Norton, Suffolk to “William de Donomart” by undated charter, witnessed by Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin, Hamo de Dammartin and William his brother, Alan de Dammartin, Walter de Dammartin, Matthew de Dammartin, William the bastard, Gilbert de Dammartin and Roger his brother, and Philip de Dammartin[105].  Evans indicated that this document “could not be [dated] later than 1135”.  However, this charter (as reported: the complete document has not been seen) is confused: the title “comes” accorded to the grantor is anachronistic and the witnesses are more consistent with a later date.  Maybe the document is a later conflation of earlier charters.] 

 

3.         MATTHEW de Dammartin .  ["Aubri comes Dommartini" granted Norton, Suffolk to “William de Donomart” by undated charter, witnessed by Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin, Hamo de Dammartin and William his brother, Alan de Dammartin, Walter de Dammartin, Matthew de Dammartin, William the bastard, Gilbert de Dammartin and Roger his brother, and Philip de Dammartin[106].  Evans indicated that this document “could not be [dated] later than 1135”.  However, this charter (as reported: the complete document has not been seen) is confused: the title “comes” accorded to the grantor is anachronistic and the witnesses are more consistent with a later date.  Maybe the document is a later conflation of earlier charters.] 

 

4.         WILLIAM [de Dammartin] “the bastard” .  ["Aubri comes Dommartini" granted Norton, Suffolk to “William de Donomart” by undated charter, witnessed by Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin, Hamo de Dammartin and William his brother, Alan de Dammartin, Walter de Dammartin, Matthew de Dammartin, William the bastard, Gilbert de Dammartin and Roger his brother, and Philip de Dammartin[107].  Evans indicated that this document “could not be [dated] later than 1135”.  However, this charter (as reported: the complete document has not been seen) is confused: the title “comes” accorded to the grantor is anachronistic and the witnesses are more consistent with a later date.  Maybe the document is a later conflation of earlier charters.] 

 

5.         PHILIP [I] de Dammartin (-before 1185).  ["Aubri comes Dommartini" granted Norton, Suffolk to “William de Donomart” by undated charter, witnessed by Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin, Hamo de Dammartin and William his brother, Alan de Dammartin, Walter de Dammartin, Matthew de Dammartin, William the bastard, Gilbert de Dammartin and Roger his brother, and Philip de Dammartin[108].  Evans indicated that this document “could not be [dated] later than 1135”.  However, this charter (as reported: the complete document has not been seen) is confused: the title “comes” accorded to the grantor is anachronistic and the witnesses are more consistent with a later date.  Maybe the document is a later conflation of earlier charters.]  m --- (-before 1185).  The name of Philip’s wife is not known.  Philip [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         PHILIP [II] de Dammartin (-after 1 Jun 1198).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Philippus de Danmartin filius Philippi…in custodia Domini Regis” and his land valued at “lx solidis"[109].  The 1186/87 Pipe Roll records "de Belcham terra Philippi de Dammartin que est in custodia regis cum herede" in “honor comitis Eustachii[110].  “Philippum de Danmartin et Leciam de Chelesfeld uxorem suam” acknowledged property in Sutton to “Galfridum filium Petri” by charter dated 20 Oct 1197[111].  A charter dated 1 Jun 1198 records that “Philippum de Danmartin et Leciam uxorem suam et materteram predicti Thome” granted revenue from land “in Chelesfeld” to “Thomam Escollant filium Alice primogenite filie Simonis de Chelesfeld[112].  A charter dated 1 Jun 1198 records that “Philippus de Danmartin et Lecia uxor sua” granted revenue from land “in Chelesfeld” to “filium Sarre filie Simonis de Chelefeld...Philippo de Dine” for the life of “Juliane matris Lecie de Chelesfeld[113]m (before 20 Oct 1197) LECIA de Chelesfeld, daughter of SIMON de Chelesfeld & his wife Juliana --- (-after 1 Jun 1198).  “Philippum de Danmartin et Leciam de Chelesfeld uxorem suam” acknowledged property in Sutton to “Galfridum filium Petri” by charter dated 20 Oct 1197[114].  A charter dated 1 Jun 1198 records that “Philippum de Danmartin et Leciam uxorem suam et materteram predicti Thome” granted revenue from land “in Chelesfeld” to “Thomam Escollant filium Alice primogenite filie Simonis de Chelesfeld[115].  A charter dated 1 Jun 1198 records that “Philippus de Danmartin et Lecia uxor sua” granted revenue from land “in Chelesfeld” to “filium Sarre filie Simonis de Chelefeld...Philippo de Dine” for the life of “Juliane matris Lecie de Chelesfeld[116]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         GILBERT de Dammartin .  ["Aubri comes Dommartini" granted Norton, Suffolk to “William de Donomart” by undated charter, witnessed by Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin, Hamo de Dammartin and William his brother, Alan de Dammartin, Walter de Dammartin, Matthew de Dammartin, William the bastard, Gilbert de Dammartin and Roger his brother, and Philip de Dammartin[117].  Evans indicated that this document “could not be [dated] later than 1135”.  However, this charter (as reported: the complete document has not been seen) is confused: the title “comes” accorded to the grantor is anachronistic and the witnesses are more consistent with a later date.  Maybe the document is a later conflation of earlier charters.] 

2.         ROGER de Dammartin .  ["Aubri comes Dommartini" granted Norton, Suffolk to “William de Donomart” by undated charter, witnessed by Manassès de Dammartin, Bartholomew de Dammartin, Hamo de Dammartin and William his brother, Alan de Dammartin, Walter de Dammartin, Matthew de Dammartin, William the bastard, Gilbert de Dammartin and Roger his brother, and Philip de Dammartin[118].  Evans indicated that this document “could not be [dated] later than 1135”.  However, this charter (as reported: the complete document has not been seen) is confused: the title “comes” accorded to the grantor is anachronistic and the witnesses are more consistent with a later date.  Maybe the document is a later conflation of earlier charters.] 

 

 

Three brothers.  Assuming that the charter quoted below is correctly dated, “Odone” could not have been Eudes [II], who was deceased at the time.  If that is correct, “Steffano” could not have been Stephen, son of Eudes [I], who is shown above. 

 

1.         HAMON de Dammartin (-after [1168]).  “Hamundo et Odone de Dam. fratribus et Steffano fratre suo” are named in a charter dated to [1168][119]

2.         EUDES de Dammartin (-after [1168]).  “Hamundo et Odone de Dam. fratribus et Steffano fratre suo” are named in a charter dated to [1168][120]

3.         STEPHEN de Dammartin (-after [1168]).  “Hamundo et Odone de Dam. fratribus et Steffano fratre suo” are named in a charter dated to [1168][121]

 

It is assumed that the following individuals were sisters, but their parentage has not yet been traced. 

1.         EMMA de Dammartin (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Emma et Alicia de Donmartin" paying "xx s, i militem" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire[122]

2.         ALICE de Dammartin (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Emma et Alicia de Donmartin" paying "xx s, i militem" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire[123]

 

 

1.         JOHN de Dammartin (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Johannes de Danmartin" holding one knight’s fee "in Preston" in Kent from the Earl of Arundel in [1210/12][124]

 

2.         MANASSES de Dammartin (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Manasser de Danmartin" holding one knight’s fee "in Mendlesham sicut Johannes Bruerre custos terræ" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1210/12][125]

 

3.         MATILDA (-after 29 Sep 1223).  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Matillis de Dammartin” owing in Surrey[126]

 

4.         THOMAS de Dammartin (-before Jul 1230).  The name of his son suggests that Thomas was the son of Philip [II] de Dammartin who is named above.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Thomas de Danmartin" holding two parts of one knight’s fee "in Bello Campo" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1210/12][127].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in the honour of Boulogne, dated to [1217/18], which includes "Thomas Danmartin" holding "i militem in Belcham"[128].  m ---.  The name of Thomas’s wife is not known.  Thomas & his wife had one child: 

a)         PHILIP [III] de Dammartin (-before 18 Apr 1274).  "Philip son and heir of Thomas de Dammartin" made a fine "for having seisin of the land formerly of the said Thomas in Belchamp St Ethelbert" in Essex, dated 26 Jul 1230[129].  A writ dated 18 Apr "2 Edw I", after the death of "Philip de Aumartyn alias Daumartyn", names "John his son is his next heir and of full age[130]m ---.  The name of Philip’s wife is not known.  Philip [III] & his wife had one child: 

i)          JOHN de Dammartin .  A writ dated 18 Apr "2 Edw I", after the death of "Philip de Aumartyn alias Daumartyn", names "John his son is his next heir and of full age[131]

 

5.         WILLIAM de Dammartin (-after [1233/37]).  "…Willielmo de Dammartin…" witnessed the undated charter, dated to [1233/37], under which “Margeria de la Ferte” donated property to Motisfont priory, for the souls of "domini Willielmi Briwerre patris mei et Beatricis matris meæ", and confirmed donations by her father and by "Willielmus Briwer frater meus"[132]

 

 

 

DOVER

 

 

1.         FULBERT de Dover (-before 1130).  Domesday Book records that “Fulbert” held Chilham, Eastling and Luddenham in Felborough Hundred of the bishop of Bayeux in Kent[133]m ADELAIDE, daughter of --- (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills fil Ric" returning in Devonshire for "uxore Fulbti de Doura cum dote et maritagio suo"[134].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1151/53] under which (her son) "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…"[135].  Fulbert & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUGH de Dover of Chilham, Kent (-[1167/72]).  "…Hugone de Douvra, Willelmo Trentegeruns tunc temporis vicecomite de Rothomago…" witnessed the charter dated to [end 1150/early Sep 1151] under which "H. dux Normannorum" donated property to Notre-Dame-du-Pré at Rouen[136].  "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee", by charter dated to [1151/53], signed by "…Helya de Chilleham, Mathilde uxore mea, Radulfo filio Willelmi, Willelmo et Johanne fratribus eius, nepotibus meis…Arnaldo de Bolonia"[137].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the names of those providing knights for military service with "Hugonis de Dovra" in Kent[138].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Hugo de Dovra ix l dimidiam marcam de veteri, et de novo i m" in Kent in [1167/68][139].  [The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "feoda Hugonis de Dovra, de militibus honoris de Brunne" paying "l s in hoc comitatu, v milites" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire[140].  The fact that tax was being paid in Hugh’s name approximately 20 years after the estimated date of his death suggests some dispute over his inheritance.]  m MATILDA Peverel, daughter of ROBERT Peverel & his wife Adelicia --- (-before 1185).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Matilda died childless[141].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Matildis de Doure" as oldest of the four sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" adding that she died "sine herede" and that her share in her brother’s inheritance was divided between her three sisters[142].  "Willielmus Peverel de Dovera" donated Bradford mill, donated by "dominus Walchelinus Maminot" for the soul of "Rogeri de Haia", to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1141/48], witnessed by "…Matilla mea conjuge, Matilla de Dovera mea sorore, Acelina mea sorore…"[143].  "…Mathilde uxore mea…" signed the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee"[144].  "William Fitz Warin of Burwasley" witnessed the charter dated to [1161/72] under which "Hugh de Dover and Matilda his wife" restored property to Shrewsbury abbey[145]

b)         WILLIAM de Dover (-after 1151).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee", signed by "…Radulfo filio Willelmi, Willelmo et Johanne fratribus eius, nepotibus meis…"[146]

-        see below

 

 

WILLIAM de Dover, son of FULBERT de Dover & his wife Adelaide --- (-after 1151).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee", signed by "…Radulfo filio Willelmi, Willelmo et Johanne fratribus eius, nepotibus meis…"[147].  "…Willelmo de Dovra conestabulario…" witnessed the charter dated to [1142/46] under which "M. imperatrix, Henrici regis filia et Anglorum domina et Henricus filius comitis Andegavie" confirmed the rights of "Unfrido de Buhun" in the lands he held on the death of her father[148]

m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known. 

William & his wife had three children: 

1.         RALPH de Dover (-after [1151/53]).  "…Radulfo filio Willelmi, Willelmo et Johanne fratribus eius, nepotibus meis…" signed the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee"[149]

2.         WILLIAM de Dover (-after [1151/53]).  "…Radulfo filio Willelmi, Willelmo et Johanne fratribus eius, nepotibus meis…" signed the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee"[150]

3.         JOHN de Dover (-1194).  "…Radulfo filio Willelmi, Willelmo et Johanne fratribus eius, nepotibus meis…" signed the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee"[151].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Johannes de Dovra xiv l, de novo xx s" in Kent in [1171/72][152].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Johannes de Doura…pro habenda saisina de Ringwald et Witstapel dote Matildis uxoris Hugonis de Doura" in Kent[153]m as her first husband, ROHESE de Lucy, daughter of GEOFFREY de Lucy & his wife ---.  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Rohesia de Doure" in Kent "pro habenda medietate terrarum que fuerunt Ricardi de Luci avi sui et quas postea Ricardus frater ipsius Rohesie habuit tam in Anglia quam in Normannia" and "pro licenctia maritandi se ubi voluerit"[154].  Her parentage is confirmed by a claim, dated 1230, recorded by Bracton, by "Matillis de Lucy, Ricardus filius Reginaldi et Roysa uxor eius" against "Robertum Yellestede" concerning "terre…in Neutona", recording that "Ricardus de Lucy antecessor ipsarum Matillidis et Royse" was seised of the property, and after him "Galfrido…filio et heredi suo…et de predicto Galfrido…Herberto…filio et heredi suo et de predicto Herberto Matillidi et Royse sororibus" and "de predicta Roysa…Foberto filio suo et de predicto Foberto isti Royse…filie et heredi suo"[155].  "Willelmus Briwer" paid a fine for "custodia terre et heredum Fobti de Dovr…et…custodia dotis Roes de Dovr", dated 1204[156].  She married secondly (1205) Nicholas FitzAlan.  "Nicol fil Alan et Roes de Dovr ux eius" paid a fine for "dote ipsius Roes" in Essex and Kent, dated 1205[157].  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1223, into "terre…Newetona" disputed between "Henricum de Cobbeham" and "Wilhelmus Briwere", which found that "Roheysia de Douere filia Gaufridi de Lucy primogeniti filii Ricardi de Lucy" held the land which, after confiscation, was restored to "predicta Roeysia" who with "Nicholas vir suus" gave it to "Willelmo Briwere"[158].  John & his wife had one child: 

a)         FULBERT de Dover (-[1204/05]).  His parentage is confirmed by a claim, dated 1230, recorded by Bracton, by "Matillis de Lucy, Ricardus filius Reginaldi et Roysa uxor eius" against "Robertum Yellestede" concerning "terre…in Neutona", recording that "Ricardus de Lucy antecessor ipsarum Matillidis et Royse" was seised of the property, and after him "Galfrido…filio et heredi suo…et de predicto Galfrido…Herberto…filio et heredi suo et de predicto Herberto Matillidi et Royse sororibus" and "de predicta Roysa…Foberto filio suo et de predicto Foberto isti Royse…filie et heredi suo"[159].  "Fobertus filius Johannis de Dovera" confirmed the donation of Chilham church to Saint-Bertin by "Hugo de Dovra avunculus patris mei" by charter dated to [1191/1200][160].  "Fob’t de Dovr" paid a fine for "castelli de Chillam et ville de Chilham", dated 1199[161].  "Willelmus Briwer" paid a fine for "custodia terre et heredum Fobti de Dovr…et…custodia dotis Roes de Dovr", dated 1204[162].  King John confirmed "custodia terre et heredum Fobti de Dover" to "Willelmo Briw" with "maritagium eosdem heredum" by charter dated 6 Jan 1206[163]m ([1203/04]) as her first husband, ISABEL Briwere, daughter of WILLIAM Briwere & his wife Beatrice --- (-[1226/10 Jun 1233]).  "Willelmus Briwer" paid a fine for "custodia terre et heredum Fobti de Dovr…et…custodia dotis Roes de Dovr" dated 1204[164].  King John confirmed "custodia terre et heredum Fobti de Dover" to "Willelmo Briw" with "maritagium eosdem heredum" by charter dated 6 Jan 1206[165].  She married secondly Baldwin Wake.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1233, by [her son] "Hugo Wack" against "Margeriam de Feritate et Willelmum de Percy" relating to an agreement "cum Alicia de Moun et predicto Hugone" concerning share of land which was held by "Willelmi Briwere"[166].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of fees of William Briwere, dated 1234, records "[po]rcio Hugonis Wak"[167].  John & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROHESE ([1204/05]-[1264/65]).  King John granted "terram…Roes de Dover uxorem suam…castro illo de Chilleha" to "Ric filio nostro" by order dated 11 Jul 1214[168].  "William Briwere" was ordered to deliver to "Richard the king’s son all the lands which fell to Rose his wife hereditarily"[169].  Bracton notes a claim, dated 1227, by "Ricardus filius Reg et Roysia uxor eius" against "Robertum filium Walteri" for land "in Lesnes" of which "Roysia de Douera avia ipsius Roysie" was seised[170].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1230, by "Matillis de Lucy, Ricardus filius Reginaldi [error for "Regis", probably incorrectly extended to Reginaldi from Regi?] et Roysa uxor eius" against "Robertum Yellestede" concerning "terre…in Neutona", which records the claimants’ ancestry "Galfrido…filio et heredi suo…et de predicto Galfrido…Herberto…filio et heredi suo et de predicto Herberto Matillidi et Royse sororibus" and "de predicta Roysa…Foberto filio suo et de predicto Foberto isti Royse…filie et heredi suo"[171]The Pipe Rolls record in 1258 that "Willelmus de Wilton" married "Roesiam de Douor que fuit uxor Ricardi de Chileham"[172]m firstly (before 11 Jul 1214) RICHARD FitzJohn or Fitzroy, illegitimate son of JOHN King of England & his mistress --- de Warenne (-[1245/46]).  m secondly (after 14 Jul 1250) WILLIAM of Wilton, son of --- (-killed in battle Lewes 14 Apr 1264). 

 

 

1.         ANSFRID de Dover (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name "Anfridus de Dovra, dimidium militem" among those providing military service for William Earl of Gloucester in Kent[173]

 

2.         RICHARD de Dover (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Ricardus de Dovra" held one knight’s fee from the bishop of Hereford in Herefordshire[174]

 

3.         ROBERT de Dover (-[before 1194]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "honor Roberti de Dovra" paying "xiv l, xiv milites" in Kent[175].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "honor Roberti de Dovra" paying "xiv l, xiv milites" in Kent[176].  It is unclear whether these entries mean that Robert was an absentee landlord in Kent, paying scutage directly in another location, or that he was deceased and the arrangements for payment in the name of his heir unfinalised. 

 

4.         HAMON de Chilham (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Hamo de Chileham" paying "dimidium militem…de honore Piperelli de Dovra" in Kent[177]

 

5.         HUGH de Dover (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Hugo de Dovra" holding one knight’s fee "in Childestone" in Hereford in [1210/12][178]

 

6.         FULBERT de Dover (-after 29 Sep 1223).  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Fobertus de Dovr” owing in Kent[179]

                                                                   

 

 

DUNSTANVILLE

 

 

Loyd indicates that the Dunstanville family originated in “Dénestanville” in the present-day French département of Seine-Maritime (previously Seine-Inférieure), arrondissement Dieppe, canton Longueville[180]This family has been the subject of unsubstantiated genealogies, based on forged documentation, probably compiled in the late 15th century.  Eyton quotes from one of these genealogies and three of the alleged primary source documents on which it is based[181].  The purpose behind these late forgeries is unknown, as the family became extinct in the male line around two centuries earlier.  The existence of these forgeries suggests that a policy of caution is preferable when reconstructing the early generations of the family.  Secondary sources indicate that the later Dunstanvilles were descended from Rainald de Dunstanville who is shown below.  The primary sources which confirm that this descent is correct have not yet been identified, and it is not known whether it is traceable only to one of the later forgeries. 

 

 

[Three] brothers: 

1.         WALTER de Dunstanville (-after [1094/98]).  "…Walter of Dunstanville and Robert his brother…" witnessed the charter dated to [1094/98] under which William II King of England confirmed the donation to the abbey of Sainte-Marie de la Sauve Majeure by Hugues de Montgommery[182]. 

2.         ROBERT de Dunstanville"…Walter of Dunstanville and Robert his brother…" witnessed the charter dated to [1094/98] under which William II King of England confirmed the donation to the abbey of Sainte-Marie de la Sauve Majeure by Hugues de Montgommery[183].  An undated charter records “Roberti de Dunstanvilla” among the benefactors of Lewes Priory and his donation of “ecclesia de Bereham…[et] capella de Gretcham” in Sussex[184].  This donation can be dated to before 1121 by the charter of that date which confirmed the possessions of Lewes Priory including the churches of "Bercha…Bercha…Grethea…" and "Sibilia filia Beorndi de Novo Mercato" refers to land held by "Ric fil Pontii"[185]

3.         [--- de Dunstanville (-before 1121).  Assuming that “nepos” in the charter quoted below should be interpreted as nephew not grandson, it is not known whether the father of Alan de Dunstanville was Walter de Dunstanville, named above, or another unnamed brother of Robert, possibly Rainald de Dunstanville who is shown below.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         ALAN de Dunstanville .  In its record of the donation of "ecclesia de Bereham" in Sussex to Lewes Priory by “Roberti de Dunstanvilla” (dated to before 1121, see above), an undated charter records that the property was “de feodo Alani nepotis sui” who later donated revenue to the priory[186]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         RAINALD de Dunstanville (-after 1129).  "…Reinaldus de Dunstanvilla…" subscribed a charter dated 28 Jun 1121 under which "Willelmus filius regis" donated "terra…Grenta de Stoca" to Bath St Peter[187]The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Ragin de Dunstanvilla" in Wiltshire (two entries) and Surrey[188].  An undated charter records “Rainaldus de Dunstanvilla” among the benefactors of Lewes Priory and his donation of “Winterburnam…ecclesiam” in Wiltshire[189].  King Stephen confirmed donations to St. Pancras by undated charter, including the donation of Winterbourne church in Wiltshire made by "Reginald de Dunstanville"[190]m ADELISE de l’Isle, daughter of ---.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Tierric fil Rogi filioli…hat rectu de hereditate sua. Et Adeliz de Dunestanvilla est inde pleg" in Wiltshire[191].  An undated charter of Henry I King of England records donations to Tewkesbury abbey including that of “terram de Poltona” {Potterne, Wiltshire} by “Adeliza de Insula” for the soul of "Reginaldi de Dunstanvilla viri sui"[192].  Secondary sources indicate that Adelisa was the daughter of Humphrey de l’Isle who is named in Domesday.  The primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified

2.         GUNDRED (-after [1129/30]).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Gunderede sorori Ragin de Dunestanvilla" in Wiltshire, on the same page as her supposed brother[193]According to C. Phillips[194], this connection with Wiltshire makes it more likely that "Ragin. de Dunstanvilla" was a member of the Wiltshire Dunstanville family rather than the Earl of Cornwall.  If this is correct, Gundred was not the daughter of King Henry I.  This conclusion is also supported by the birth date ranges estimated for the earl of Cornwall ([1110/15], see the document ENGLAND KINGS) and his uterine brother Herbert FitzHerbert ([1125/35], see below in the present document), which render it unlikely that they would have had a sister who is recorded as a land-holder in 1130. 

 

 

[Two] brothers.  Oswald Barron names Robert and Alan de Dunstanville as sons of Rainald de Dunstanville and his wife Adelise de l’Isle but does not cite the corresponding primary source[195].  If this parentage is correct, it is surprising that the name Rainald does not feature among the couple’s descendants.  It is possible that Alan de Dunstanville, brother of Robert who is named below, was the same person as Alan, nephew of Robert, who is named above. 

1.         ROBERT de Dunstanville (-[1166]).  "…Roberto de Dunest[anvilla]…" witnessed the charter dated to [1142/46] under which "M. imperatrix, Henrici regis filia et Anglorum domina et Henricus filius comitis Andegavie" confirmed the rights of "Unfrido de Buhun" in the lands he held on the death of her father[196].  "Ricardo de Humez constabulario…Roberto de Dunstanvilla…" witnessed the charter dated to [1152/54] under which Henri Duke of Normandy ceded the former house of "Conani thesaurarii" to Bayeux until his heirs paid a debt[197].  "Ricardus de Humez constabularius, Richardus de Haia…Robertus de Dunstanvilla…" witnessed the charter dated under which Henri Duke of Normandy notified a judgment relating to the house of the late "Conani thesaurarii" by charter dated to [1152/54][198].  “Robert de Dunstanvill” witnessed the undated charter under which “Walter de Dunstanvill” confirmed his parents’ donation of land of Niwetimbre to St. Pancras[199].  Henry II King of England confirmed property "Cutiford" to the priory of Furleigh, donated by "Walterus de Dunst. et Alanus frater eius" for the soul of "Roberti de Dunst avunculi sui", by charter dated to [1166/69][200]

2.         [ALAN de Dunstanville (-[Jul 1141/1156]).  Oswald Barron names Alan de Dunstanville as father of Walter, Alan and Alice but does not cite the corresponding primary sources[201].  His parentage is indicated by the undated charter under which his son Walter confirmed his parents’ donation of land of Niwetimbre to St. Pancras, which is witnessed by “Robert de Dunstanvill” who would have been Walter’s paternal uncle[202]"...Alano de Dunstonvill" witnessed the charter dated [Jun/Jul] 1141 under which Empress Matilda donated property to Haughmond abbey[203].  King Stephen confirmed donations to St. Pancras by undated charter, including the donation of Burpham church made by "Alan de Dunstanvilla"[204]m ---.  [Alan] & his wife had three children: 

a)         WALTER de Dunstanville (-[1195]).  The 1155/56 Pipe Roll records "Waltero de Dunestanuill" being pardoned Danegeld in Sussex[205].  “Walter de Dunstanvill” confirmed his parents’ donation of land of Niwetimbre to St. Pancras by undated charter, witnessed by “Robert de Dunstanvill[206].  Henry II King of England confirmed property "Cutiford" to the priory of Furleigh, donated by "Walterus de Dunst. et Alanus frater eius" for the soul of "Roberti de Dunst avunculi sui", by charter dated to [1166/69][207].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Walterus de Dunstanville iii m" in Sussex in [1167/68][208].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Waltero de Dunestanuill…in Colinton" in Devonshire, "Walterus de Dunestanuill" in Shropshire, and "Waltero de Dunestanuill…in Hichtredeberia" iand "de Brocton" in Wiltshire[209].  [m firstly URSULA, daughter of RENAUD [de Dunstanville] Earl of Cornwall & his wife Beatrice FitzWilliam.  Her parentage and marriage are included in a manuscript pedigree of Dunstanville, probably dated to [1461/1509], based on an alleged mandate of King John which asserts that in [1196/97] "Reginald late Earl of Cornwall…acknowledged that a moiety of the manor of Colern and a third part of the manor of Addersley" in Wiltshire "were the right of Walter de Dunstanville and Ursula his wife, daughter of the said earl, father and mother of Walter de Dunstanville now living"[210].  Eyton highlights that the document does not exist in any of the surviving rolls of King John and describes it as "a detestable forgery", pointing out that Renaud Earl of Cornwall died in 1175.]  m [secondly] as her first husband, SIBYLLA, daughter of --- (-after 1230).  She married secondly Enguerrand des Préaux.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1220, by "Engelramus de Pratellis…et Sibilla uxor eius" against "Thomam Basset" for "terciam partem de Colintona…dotem ipsius Sibille et Walterus de Dunstanuilla quondam vir suus"[211].  Walter & his [second] wife had one child: 

i)          WALTER de Dunstanville (-before 21 Aug 1241).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Walterus de Dunstanville" paying "xx s, i militem" in Shropshire[212].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Walterus de Dunstanville" paying "xx s, i militem" in Shropshire and also paying in Wiltshire[213].  King John confirmed that “Waltero de Dunstanvill” had granted the manor of Winterbourne to “Alan Basset”, under a charter confirmed by King Richard I, by charter dated 10 Apr 1200[214].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Walterus de Dunstanville" holding one knight’s fee "Heithtredebiri" in Wiltshire, and one in Cornwall, in [1210/12][215].  King John confirmed the right of “Waltero de Dunstanvill” to hold a market in “maner suum de Hecthtredebir” by charter dated 7 Feb 1215[216].  Henry III King of England granted letters of conduct to "Walterus de Dunstanvill" dated 23 Dec 1216[217].  "Walter de Dunstanvill" was granted a weekly market "at his manor of Hecghtridebiri" dated 26 Mar 1227[218]m (before 22 Apr 1213) PETRONILLA, daughter of WILLIAM FitzAlan & his wife --- de Lacy.  Her parentage, marriage and descendants are referred to by Eyton[219].  Walter & his wife had one child: 

(a)       WALTER de Dunstanville (-14 Jan 1270).  A writ dated 28 Jan "53 Hen III", after the death of "Walter de Dunstanvil", records that he died "on Tuesday after St Hilary last" and names "Petronilla his daughter aged 22 on the day of St Peter in Cathedra next, whom Roberti de Monteforti married, is his heir"[220]m firstly DENISE, daughter of ---.  Walter de Dunstanville confirmed his ancestors’ donations of Nyetimber, Winterbourne church and tithes of Scaldeford to Lewes priory, for the souls of “himself and his wife Denise”, by undated charter[221]m secondly ROHESE, daughter of --- (-after 1279).  Walter & his first wife had two children: 

(1)       WALTER de Dunstanville (-21 Dec 1246, bur Idsall).  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death "die Sancti Thomæ apostoli" in 1246 of “W. filius et hæres Walteri de Dunstanville junioris” and his burial “apud Hideshalle[222]

(2)       PETRONILLA de Dunstanville (22 Feb 1248-[1284/92]).  A writ dated 28 Jan "53 Hen III", after the death of "Walter de Dunstanvil", names "Petronilla his daughter aged 22 on the day of St Peter in Cathedra next, whom Roberti de Monteforti married, is his heir"[223]m firstly (before 14 Jan 1270) ROBERT de Montfort, son of PIERS [I] de Montfort & his wife Alice de Audley (-1274).  m secondly ([1275/76]) as his first wife, JOHN de la Mare, son of MATTHEW de la Mare & his wife Florence de Akeni (-[1313/14]). 

b)         ALAN de Dunstanville (-before 10 Oct 1200).  Henry II King of England confirmed property "Cutiford" to the priory of Furleigh, donated by "Walterus de Dunst. et Alanus frater eius" for the soul of "Roberti de Dunst avunculi sui", by charter dated to [1166/69][224].  According to Domesday Descendants[225], Alan was the son of Rainald de Dunstanville and his wife Adelise de l’Isle (see above), but the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Alanus de Dunstanville" held seven knights` fees in Sussex under the Earl of Arundel[226].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Alanus de Dunstanville xjj" in Cornwall in [1186/87][227].  An order of King John dated 10 Oct 1200 relates to "heredem Alani de Dunstanvill qui est in custodia matris sue uxoris quondam predicti Alani", addressed to "Willelmo de Cantilupo"[228]m MURIEL, daughter of --- & his wife Emma de Langetot ([1154/55]-after 10 Oct 1200).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records that “uxor Alani de Dunstanville…xxx annorum et uxor Alardi filii Willelmi…xxiv annorum” were the heirs of “Emme de Langetot…lx annorum…de genere illarum de Chedney et Joscelini Crispini” in Buckinghamshire[229].  An order of King John dated 10 Oct 1200 relates to "heredem Alani de Dunstanvill qui est in custodia matris sue uxoris quondam predicti Alani", addressed to "Willelmo de Cantilupo"[230]Domesday Descendants says that the “principal heir [of Ralph [II] de Langetot] seems to have been Emma de Langetot, probably his daughter” adding that “she was the niece of Matilda sister of ‘Ranulf’ de Langetot - an error for Ralph - according to a Thetford charter of her daughter Muriel[231].  The primary source which confirms her name has not been identified.  Alan & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          [ALAN de Dunstanville (-before [1225/28]).  An order of King John dated 10 Oct 1200 relates to "heredem Alani de Dunstanvill qui est in custodia matris sue uxoris quondam predicti Alani", addressed to "Willelmo de Cantilupo"[232].  The primary source which confirms the existence of this Alan de Dunstanville has not yet been identified.  It is suggested by the charter dated 1 Jul 1241 which is quoted below under his supposed wife and which indicates that his heirs were the descendants of his supposed sister.  m as her first husband, ISABEL de Vautort, daughter of ROGER de Vautort of Harberton, Devon & his wife ---.  She married secondly ([1225/28]) Thomas [I] Corbet.  A charter dated 1 Jul 1241 records a final settlement between "Gilbertum de Basevil" and "Alanum Bassat" relating to land in Bepton, Sussex and land in Cornwall "quam Isabella que fuit uxor predicti Alani de Dunstanvill tenet in dotem" which was inherited by Gilbert from "Alani de Dunstanvill avunculi predictorum Gilberti et Alani"[233]Her family origin and second marriage are confirmed by inquisitions dated "24 Oct 27 Edw I" following the death of "Hawis late the wife of Reginald de Valle Torta" which name “Peter Corbet aged 30 and more and Henry de la Pomerey aged 32 are next heirs of the inheritance of the said Reginald[234].]   

ii)         CECILY de Dunstanville (-before 26 Feb 1208).  King John confirmed "feud i militis…in Okléé" to "Willo Basset fil et heredi Johis Basset fil Osmundi Basset", and "pereatis de Cecylia de Dunestanvill quondam uxore sua villam de Menelidam" which "Alanus de Dunestanvill pater ipsius Cecilie dedit ei ad se maritandam", by charter dated 26 Feb 1208[235]m WILLIAM Basset of Ipsden, son of JOHN Basset of Ipsden & his wife --- (-after 26 Feb 1208). 

c)         ALICE de Dunstanville (-after 1186)Oswald Barron names Alice as daughter of Alan de Dunstanville and records her marriage to Thomas Basset, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[236].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 20 Mar 1200 under which King John confirmed the grant of "manerium de Scaudeford", which "fuit Walteri de Dunestanvill avunculi sui, sic jus et liberum maritagium Aelic matris ipsius Gilberti", to her son "Gilberto Basset"[237]m THOMAS Basset [I] of Headington, Oxfordshire, son of --- (-after [1180/82]). 

 

 

 

ESSEX

 

 

1.         ROBERT FitzWimarc (-after 1066).  Guillaume de Poitou names "natione Normannus, Rotbertus filius Wimaræ nobilis mulieris" as one of the supporters of Guillaume II Duke of Normandy "domino suo atque consanguineo" at the battle of Hastings[238].  Domesday Book records that “Robert fitzWymarc” held Shoebury (and other properties) in Essex after the death of King Edward "now Swein [holds it]"[239]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  It is possible that she was BEATRICE, daughter of ---, who was one of the grandmothers of Robert FitzSwein (see below), as shown by the manuscript recording the priors of Prittlewell which quotes a charter under which “Robertus filius Sueni” founded Prittlewell priory, for the souls of “…aviæ meæ Beatricis[240], but the document does not specify whether she was the founder’s paternal or maternal grandmother.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         SWEIN FitzRobert (-after 1085).  “…Sven fil Roberti, Hugonis de Port, Josfridi de Magna Villa, Willielmi Caticet, Huberti de Port…” witnessed the charter dated to [1070/75] under which William I King of England donated Plumstead to St Augustine’s, Canterbury[241].  Domesday Book records “Swein of Essex” holding Waresley in Huntingdonshire; numerous properties in Essex and Suffolk[242]m ---.  The name of Swein’s wife is not known.  Swein & his wife had two children: 

i)          WILLIAM FitzSwein .  "…William fitz Suen…" witnessed the charter dated 5 Sep 1082 which records the settlement of a claim by the abbey of Saint-Wandrille about "Oxcessus"[243]

ii)         ROBERT FitzSwein (-after 1130).  A manuscript recording the priors of Prittlewell quotes a charter under which “Robertus filius Sueni” founded Prittlewell priory, for the souls of “…aviæ meæ Beatricis”, witnessed by “Alberico de Ver et Roberto fratre eius…[244]

-         see below

 

 

ROBERT FitzSwein, son of SWEIN FitzRobert & his wife --- (-after 1130).  A manuscript recording the priors of Prittlewell quotes a charter under which “Robertus filius Sueni” founded Prittlewell priory, for the souls of “…aviæ meæ Beatricis”, witnessed by “Alberico de Ver et Roberto fratre eius…[245].  A charter dated 1121 confirmed the possessions of Lewes Priory including the donation of "…Ap P-nciduela monasteriu S. Marie et…monacis cluniacensibus sub sco Pancratio…" by "Robt Sweni filius"[246].  “Rob Waster” donated "duos partes totius decimæ meæ de Wereslai" to St Neot’s, Huntingdonshire, for the soul of “Soeni de Essessa” and for the health of "domini mei Roberti filii prædicti Soeni…Gunnor uxoris suæ…uxoris meæ et Willielmi filii Gerei patris sui", by undated charter[247].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt fil Sueini" in Wiltshire[248].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Roberto filio Swein xl s" in Northamptonshire in [1158/59][249].  Lord of Rayleigh, Essex. 

m as her first husband, GUNNOR Bigod, daughter of ROGER Bigod of Earsham, Suffolk & his [second] wife Adelise de Tosny (-before [1137]).  A charter of Hugh Bigod for Norwich Priory refers to property given by “his sister Gunnor”[250].  “Robert de Essex and Gunnora his wife, daughter of Roger Bigod” donated Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of their ancestors and of "their son Henry on his birth-day"[251].  It is not clear from this extract whether Gunnor’s father was named in the original document.  Her first marriage is indicated by the charter of King Henry II which confirmed donations to Thetford Priory, including the donation by “Gunnoræ matris Henrici de Exessa[252].  “Rob Waster” donated "duos partes totius decimæ meæ de Wereslai" to St Neot’s, Huntingdonshire, for the soul of “Soeni de Essessa” and for the health of "domini mei Roberti filii prædicti Soeni…Gunnor uxoris suæ…uxoris meæ et Willielmi filii Gerei patris sui", by undated charter[253].  She married secondly as his first wife, Hamon de Saint-Clair.  Her second husband confirmed grants of her marriage portion in Brome for her soul[254]

Robert & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         [ROBERT de Essex (-[1132/40]) Domesday Descendants demonstrates convincingly that the husband of Adelisa de Vere is unlikely to have been Robert FitzSwein, who was survived by his widow Gunnor[255].  It suggests that he was the older son of Robert FitzSwein who must have died soon after succeeding his father.  m as her first husband, ADELISA de Vere, daughter of AUBREY de Vere Lord of Hedingham & his wife Adelisa de Clare ([1105]-after 1185).  “Roesia comitissa” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “patris mei Alberici et Gaufridi domini mei”, by undated charter, witnessed by “…Willielmo de Veer, Adelisa de Veer, Adelisa de Essexa[256].  She married secondly Roger FitzRichard Lord of Warkworth.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Arenho” held by “Alicia de Essex…lx annorum…amita comitis Willelmi et soror comitis Albrici”, adding that she had “ii filios milites et i filiam maritatam Johanni Constabulario Cestrie[257].  The same source, in another passage, records that “Alicia de Essex…est iiii.xx annorum” (presumably indicating "4 x 20 years" i.e. 80, which appears to be a more accurate assessment than the statement in the earlier passage that she was 60 years old, given the general chronology of these families) and held “Clavering sicut dotem suam, de feodo Henrici de Essex”, adding that she had “ii filios milites" and land "in comitatu Norhamton…de feodo comitis Willelmi"[258].] 

2.         HENRY de Essex .  “Robert de Essex and Gunnora his wife, daughter of Roger Bigod” donated Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of their ancestors and of "their son Henry on his birth-day"[259].  A charter of King Henry II confirmed donations to Thetford Priory, including the donation by “Gunnoræ matris Henrici de Exessa[260].  Constable 1154.  “Henricus de Essexa conestabilis regis” donated “locum in mari super Mereseiam ad faciendam piscariam...sicut...habuerunt tempore Rodberti de Essexa patris mei” to Colchester St. John, by undated charter[261].  Lord of Rayleigh and Haughley.  “Henry de Essex, the king’s constable” confirmed his parents’ donation of Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of "Cecily his wife, Henry his son and his other children"[262]The Chronicle of Jocelin of Brakelond records the trial by combat between "Henry de Essex" and "Robert de Montfort", dated to [1163][263]m CECILY, daughter of ---.  “Henry de Essex, the king’s constable” confirmed his parents’ donation of Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of "Cecily his wife, Henry his son and his other children"[264].  “Henricus de Essexia” confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Walde" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s made by "Cecilia mater mea", by undated charter[265].  Henry & his wife had [four or more] children: 

a)         HENRY de Essex (-after 1210).  “Henry de Essex, the king’s constable” confirmed his parents’ donation of Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of "Cecily his wife, Henry his son and his other children"[266].  “Henricus de Essexia” confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Walde" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s made by "Cecilia mater mea", by undated charter[267].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Henricus de Essex" holding one quarter of one knight’s fee "in Ordewic et Cumbretone" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire in [1210/12][268]

b)         HUGH de Essex (-after Mar 1194).  “Hugonem de Essexia filium Henrici” assented to the donation of "ecclesiam de Walde" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s made by "Cecilia mater eius et Henricus frater ipsius Hugonis", by charter dated Mar 1194[269]

c)         AGNES de Essex ([1151/52]-after 1206[270], bur Colne Priory).  Earl Aubrey tried to repudiate his third wife within a year but in [1171/72] Alexander III King of Scotland directed the Bishop of London to order Earl Aubrey to take her back[271]m ([1162/63]) as his third wife, AUBREY [III] de Vere Earl of Oxford, son of AUBREY [II] de Vere & his wife Adelisa [Alice] de Clare ([1110]-26 Dec 1194, bur Colne Priory). 

d)         other children .  “Henry de Essex, the king’s constable” confirmed his parents’ donation of Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of "Cecily his wife, Henry his son and his other children"[272]

3.         [GUNNOR .  An undated charter records the settlement of a dispute between the prior of Binham and “Gunnoram de Estsexia” concerning property "villæ…Westleia" donated by “domina Agnes de Valoniis et Robertus de Valoniis filius eius”, witnessed by “…Roberto de Ver, Henrico fratre eius…[273].  The donation in question can be dated to the mid-12th century, but it the charter appears to have been dated later.  According to Domesday Descendants, Gunnor was the daughter of Robert FitzSwein[274].  However, the only authority cited is this undated charter relating to the dispute at Binham which does not name Gunnor’s parents.  It is therefore possible that she was the widow of Robert FitzSwein not his daughter.] 

 

 

 

EWIAS

 

 

HAROLD de Ewias of Ewias Harold, Herefordshire, son of RAOUL de Mantes Earl of Hereford & his wife Gytha --- ([1050/57]-after 1120).  His birth date is estimated from the chronology of his father’s life.  Bannister suggests that Harold “could only have been a boy in January 1066”, adding that “he was then a minor in the wardship of Queen Edith, widow of the Confessor and daughter of Earl Godwin[275].  Bannister does not cite the corresponding primary source, but this must be Domesday Book for Middlesex which states that "Harold the son of Earl Ralph, of whom Queen Edith had the custody together with the manor on the day on which King Edward was alive and dead" had held “Ebury” before the conquest[276].  Freeman states that "Harold the son of Ralph" is named in Domesday in Gloucestershire, Worcester, Warwickshire and Middlesex[277].   Domesday Book records that "Harold son of Earl Ralph holds Sudeley of the king. Ralph his father held it...[and] Toddington" in Gloucestershire; Droitwich in Worcestershire; Chilvers Cotton and Burton Dassett in Warwickshire[278].  Lord of Ewias, Herefordshire after 1086: Bannister comments that “exactly how or when Harold became possessed of this Ewias land it is not possible to explain[279].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Haraldus dominus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis, Diveles cum capella Sancti Nicholai de Castro, capellam Sancti Jacobi de Ewyas, capellam Sanctæ Kaenæ cum capella de Caneros…decimam annonæ suæ venationis suæ…ecclesiam de Foy…ecclesiam de Alyngetone et ecclesiam de Burnham" in 1100, confirmed by "Theobaldo Cantuarensi archiepiscopo tempore Hamelini abbatis" [abbot from 1148 to 1179][280].  "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[281]

m ---.  The name of Harold’s wife is not known.  Bannister speculates that she was “Alveva uxor Heraldi”, holding lands in Buckinghamshire “near to the lands once held by Harold’s mother Gueth” in Domesday Book[282].  He does not specify the land, but presumably it is "in Tyringham Acard holds of William", Domesday Book specifying that “this manor 5 thegns held: one of them Harold had 3 hides...and Æelfgifu wife of Harold 11/2 hides as 1 manor[283].  As the latter part of the entry in question clearly relates to the pre-conquest holding, Bannister has misinterpreted the section and his speculation should be ignored. 

Harold & his wife had five children: 

1.         ROBERT [I] de Ewias (-after 1147[284]).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the confirmation by "Robertus" of the donation of "ecclesiam de Burneham prioratui de Ewyas" made by "patris sui Haraldi" and his own donation  of "decimas omnium maneriorum suorum"[285].  "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[286]A manuscript which lists donations to Gloucester St Peter includes a record of the donation in 1100 by Haraldus dominus de Ewyas” and the later confirmation by “Robertus” of "donum Haraldi patris sui"[287].  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Robertus…filius Heraldi, vir stemmatis ingenuissimi" was sent by the king to subdue the Welsh, dated to [1136/37][288].  "Robertus filius Haraldi de Ewyas" confirmed the donations of "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter made by his father, for the souls of himself and "uxoris meæ Sibillæ", by undated charter[289].  Bannister states that Robert [I] de Ewias founded in 1147 the Cistercian abbey at Dore in which he was buried[290]m SIBYLLA, daughter of ---.  "Robertus filius Haraldi de Ewyas" confirmed the donations of "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter made by his father, for the souls of himself and "uxoris meæ Sibillæ", by undated charter[291].  Robert & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         ROBERT [II] de Ewias (-1198).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "Roberti de Weias" in Herefordshire[292].  “Robert of Ewias” donated tithes to Ewias Priory by undated charter witnessed by “Petronilla my wife, Sibilla my daughter, William and Herbert my brothers[293].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Ewias xix m" in Hereford in [1167/68][294].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus de Ewias" paying "ix l x s, xix milites" in Herefordshire[295].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Robertus de Ewias" paying "xix l, xix milites" in Herefordshire and also paying in Hampshire[296].  “Robert of Ewias” remitted payments to the chaplains of Ewias Priory by charter dated 1196 which names “John my son[297].  "Robertus de Ewyas filius Roberti de Ewyas" confirmed the donations of "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis et Sancti Jacobi de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, for the souls of himself and "uxoris meæ Petronillæ et filiæ meæ Sibillæ", by charter dated 23 Feb 1196[298]m PETRONILLA, daughter of --- (-after 28 Oct 1204).  “Robert of Ewias” donated tithes to Ewias Priory by undated charter witnessed by “Petronilla my wife, Sibilla my daughter, William and Herbert my brothers[299].  "Robertus de Ewyas filius Roberti de Ewyas" confirmed the donations of "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis et Sancti Jacobi de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, for the souls of himself and "uxoris meæ Petronillæ et filiæ meæ Sibillæ", by charter dated 23 Feb 1196[300].  “Petronilla de Ewias” reached agreement with the abbot of Gloucester about the advowson of Eton by charter dated 28 Oct 1204[301].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

i)          SIBYLLA de Ewias (-before 1 Jul 1236).  “Robert of Ewias” donated tithes to Ewias Priory by undated charter witnessed by “Petronilla my wife, Sibilla my daughter, William and Herbert my brothers[302].  "Robertus de Ewyas filius Roberti de Ewyas" confirmed the donations of "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis et Sancti Jacobi de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, for the souls of himself and "uxoris meæ Petronillæ et filiæ meæ Sibillæ", by charter dated 23 Feb 1196[303].  Henry III King of England confirmed "terre de Helvinton, que est de feodo ipsius Sibille" to "Rogero de Clifford et Sibille de Euias uxori eius" dated [early] 1217[304].  “Rogerus de Clifford” requested burial at Dore abbey, Herefordshire, with the consent of "Sibillæ uxoris meæ", next to "filium suum", by undated charter, witnessed by "Ricardo de Clifford, Willielmo de Ewyas seniore, Willielmo de Ewyas juniore, filio Sibillæ"[305].  "Domina Sibilla de Ewyas filia Roberti de Ewyas" donated her mill at Ethon to Acornbury priory, Herefordshire by undated charter, witnessed by “domino Waltero de Lacy, domino Rogero de Clifford, Willielmo de Ewias…Roberto Tregoz et fratribus suis"[306]m firstly ROBERT [I] de Tresgoz, son of --- (-[1213/14]).  m secondly (early 1217) ROGER [I] Clifford of Tenbury, son of WALTER [II] de Clifford & his wife Agnes de Cundy (-[Dec 1231]). 

ii)         JOHN de Ewias (-[1196/98]).  “Robert of Ewias” remitted payments to the chaplains of Ewias Priory by charter dated 1196 which names “John my son[307]

b)         WILLIAM de Ewias (-after [1231]).  “Robert of Ewias” donated tithes to Ewias Priory by undated charter witnessed by “Petronilla my wife, Sibilla my daughter, William and Herbert my brothers[308].  “Rogerus de Clifford” requested burial at Dore abbey, Herefordshire, with the consent of "Sibillæ uxoris meæ", next to "filium suum", by undated charter, witnessed by "Ricardo de Clifford, Willielmo de Ewyas seniore, Willielmo de Ewyas juniore, filio Sibillæ"[309].  "Domina Sibilla de Ewyas filia Roberti de Ewyas" donated her mill at Ethon to Acornbury priory, Herefordshire by undated charter, witnessed by “domino Waltero de Lacy, domino Rogero de Clifford, Willielmo de Ewias…Roberto Tregoz et fratribus suis"[310].] 

c)         HERBERT de Ewias .  “Robert of Ewias” donated tithes to Ewias Priory by undated charter witnessed by “Petronilla my wife, Sibilla my daughter, William and Herbert my brothers[311]

d)         ROGER of Ewias (-after 1206).  “Roger of Ewias” donated land to Ewias Priory, with the consent of “William of Ewias my lord”, by charter dated to after 1206 witnessed by “William of Ewias my brother and lord...[312]

e)         [WALTER de Ewias (-after 1206).  There is no indication of the parentage of Walter, but from a chronological point of view he could have been another son of Robert [I] de Ewias.  “Walter of Ewias” donated land “versus Haiam” to Ewias Priory, with the consent of “Basilia my wife and William and Roger his sons”, by charter dated 1206[313].]  m BASILIA de Carneville, daughter of RICHARD de Carneville & his wife --- (-after 1206).  “Walter of Ewias” donated land “versus Haiam” to Ewias Priory, with the consent of “Basilia my wife and William and Roger his sons”, by charter dated 1206[314].  “Basilia daughter of Richard de Carneville and wife of Walter de Ewias” donated land to Ewias Priory by charter dated to after 1206 witnessed by “William and Roger my sons...[315].  Walter & his wife had two children: 

i)          WILLIAM de EwiasWalter of Ewias” donated land “versus Haiam” to Ewias Priory, with the consent of “Basilia my wife and William and Roger his sons”, by charter dated 1206[316].  “Basilia daughter of Richard de Carneville and wife of Walter de Ewias” donated land to Ewias Priory by charter dated to after 1206 witnessed by “William and Roger my sons...[317].  “William son of Walter of Ewias and Basilia de Carneville” confirmed the donation of land “near the church and...super Stanihurstam” to Ewias Priory made by “his father and mother” by charter dated to after 1206[318]

ii)         ROGER de Ewias .  “Walter of Ewias” donated land “versus Haiam” to Ewias Priory, with the consent of “Basilia my wife and William and Roger his sons”, by charter dated 1206[319].  “Basilia daughter of Richard de Carneville and wife of Walter de Ewias” donated land to Ewias Priory by charter dated to after 1206 witnessed by “William and Roger my sons...[320]

2.         ROGER de Ewias (-after 1166).  "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[321].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Rogerus de Wias" held one knight’s fee "de Cliva" from "Roberti de Weias" in Herefordshire[322].  Roger’s precise parentage has not been identified, but it is reasonable to suppose that he was another brother of Robert [II] de Ewias.] 

3.         JOHN de Sudeley (-before 1166).  "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[323].  Lord of Sudeley Castle and Toddington, Gloucestershire.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Johs de Sulleia" accounting for his (unnamed) wife’s property in Gloucestershire[324]

-        SUDELEY

4.         ALEXANDER de Ewias .  "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[325]

5.         WILLIAM de Ewias .  "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[326]

 

 

 

FALAISE

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Falaise of Stogursey (-after 1086).  Domesday Book records “William de Falaise” holding land in Standlynch in Wiltshire, Silton and Milton-on-Stour in Dorset, Stogursey, Wootton Courtenay and Woodspring in Somerset, and numerous properties in Devonshire[327].  Farrer records that William de Falaise and his wife Geva donated the church of St. Andrew of Suntinstock to Lonlay Sainte-Marie by undated charter[328].  An Inspeximus dated 10 Jul 1268 quotes the charter under which Henry II King of England confirmed that “Willelmus de Falesya” donated “illam hydam terre de la Wyche...cum filia sua” to Romsey St. Mary[329]m GEVA de Burcy, daughter of SERLO de Burcy & his wife ---.  Farrer records that William de Falaise and his wife Geva donated the church of St. Andrew of Suntinstock to Lonlay Sainte-Marie by undated charter[330].  Farrer records her parentage and her maritagium of Woodspring, Kewstoke parish[331]William & his wife had three children: 

a)         EMMA de Falaise (-after 1129)Domesday Descendants records her parentage and marriages[332]The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Emme de Falesia" in Wiltshire[333]m firstly WILLIAM FitzHumphrey, son of --- (-[1100]).  m secondly WILLIAM [I] de Courcy, son of RICHARD [I] de Courcy & his wife --- (-[1114]). 

b)         SIBYLLA de Falaise .  A plea at Westminster, dating to the ninth year of Henry III King of England [1226], records that "Vitalis Engaing" claimed land "in honore de Mungumery" which "Dominus Rex H, senex" had given "in maritagium Baldewino de Bollers cum Sibilla de Faleise, nepte ipsius H regis", and that "eadem Sibilla" had "unam filiam Matillidem de ipso Baldewino" who "dominus Rex" gave to "Ricardo filio Ursie", who by her had "unum filium et duas filias…Reginaldum filium Ursi et Margeriam primogenitam et Mabiliam"[334].  Sibylla’s relationship with Henry I King of England, assuming that such relationship is correctly represented in this document, has not been traced.  m ([1100/10]) as his first wife, BALDWIN de Boulers Lord of Montgomery, son of ---. 

c)         daughter .  Nun at Romsey St. Mary.  An Inspeximus dated 10 Jul 1268 quotes the charter under which Henry II King of England confirmed that “Willelmus de Falesya” donated “illam hydam terre de la Wyche...cum filia sua” to Romsey St. Mary[335]

 

 

1.         HUGH de Falaise .  King Henry I ordered "R. de Belmeis et Hugoni de Faleysa et omnibus baronibus suis de Sussex" to restore Ralph Bishop of Chichester to land by hte city wall of Chichester by undated charter, dated to early in the king’s reign[336].  "…Hugone de Falesia" witnessed an undated charter under which King Henry I donated "terram vastam de Waliegeford" to Abingdon monastery[337]

 

2.         JOHN de Falaise (-after [1135/38]).  “...Johanne de Faleisa...” witnessed the undated charter (presumably dated to before the donor’s second marriage) under which “Aelidis filia Godefridi ducis Lotharingie qui fui uxor...regis Anglie Henrici” donated land “apud Hansberge...Stantonam manerium” to Oseney St. Mary, recorded by inspeximus dated 28 Feb 1320[338]

 

3.         AGNES de Falaise .  “Hugh de Gundevill and Agnes de Falaise his wife” confirmed to Boxgrove a hide in Herting which “Emma de Falaise wife of Gilbert de Sartilli” gave them, by undated charter[339]m HUGH de Gundeville, son of --- (-1181). 

 

4.         EMMA de Falaise .  “Hugh de Gundevill and Agnes de Falaise his wife” confirmed to Boxgrove a hide in Herting which “Emma de Falaise wife of Gilbert de Sartilli” gave them, by undated charter[340]m GILBERT de Sartilli, son of ---. 

 

 

 

FAMILY of HERBERT FitzHENRY, the CHAMBERLAIN

 

 

1.         HENRYm ---.  The name of Henry’s wife is not known.  Henry & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         HERBERT FitzHenry (-[1129/30]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

-        see below

 

 

HERBERT FitzHenry, son of HENRY & his wife --- (-[1129/30]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  [Domesday Book records land held by “Herbert the Chamberlain” in Rhode and Selborne in Neatham Hundred, Soberton in Meonstoke Hundred in Hampshire[341].  It is not known whether these entries relate to the future chamberlain of King Henry I.]  Chamberlain of Henry I King of England from 1101.  "…Herbertus regis camerarius…" subscribed a charter dated Sep 1101 under which Bishop Herbert donated property to Norwich priory[342].  The Hyde Register lists "Herbertus camerarius, Arnulfus filius eius, Emma uxor eius" immediately after the names of King Henry I and his first wife[343].  An undated charter of Thomas Archbishop of York records that "domino Herberto Camerario et filio eius" were enfeoffed with "Laudesbrough, cum Tolethorpe, Wiverthorpe cum Helperthorp et duabus Luttunis in Turgisleby" and other properties in Yorkshire and in Gloucestershire, witnessed by "…Herbertus filius…"[344].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Herb Camer" in Bedfordshire and Warwickshire[345].  As his son appears in the same source holding lands of his father, it is assumed that Herbert FitzHenry died during the course of that year. 

m EMMA, daughter of ---.  The Hyde Register lists "Herbertus camerarius, Arnulfus filius eius, Emma uxor eius" immediately after the names of King Henry I and his first wife[346].  Secondary sources state that she was Emma de Blois, illegitimate daughter of Etienne Comte de Blois & his mistress ---.  This is presumably based on the Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire, which names "comitis --- Herberti filius, ex Emma sorore regis Anglorum Stephani progenitus"[347].  As this source is dated to [1394/1400], it is unlikely to be conclusive in relation to events which occurred 250 years earlier in the absence of other corroborative evidence.  Eyton includes no reference to any wife of Herbert FitzHenry in his article on the barony of FitzHerbert[348].  Until further evidence comes to light, it is suggested that the information be considered with caution.  If it is correct, the chronology of the FitzHerbert family dictates that Emma must have been born while her supposed father was still young, maybe even before his marriage to Adela of England in 1080. 

Herbert & his wife had six children: 

1.         ARNULF .  The Hyde Register lists "Herbertus camerarius, Arnulfus filius eius, Emma uxor eius" immediately after the names of King Henry I and his first wife[349]

2.         RICHARD .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo records "Ricardus filius Hereberti Camerarii" with "feodum dimidii militis" held from "abbatia de Burch" [in Hampshire][350]

3.         HERBERT FitzHerbert [I] (-[before 1155]).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Herbt fil Herbti Camer…tra patis sui" in Hampshire[351].  An undated charter of Thomas Archbishop of York records that "domino Herberto Camerario et filio eius" were enfeoffed with "Laudesbrough, cum Tolethorpe, Wiverthorpe cum Helperthorp et duabus Luttunis in Turgisleby" and other properties in Yorkshire and in Gloucestershire, witnessed by "…Herbertus filius…"[352]"…Hereberto filio Hereberti…" subscribed a charter of Renaud Earl of Cornwall which names "matertere mee Aliz Corbet"[353]m ([1115/25]) SIBYL Corbet Lady of Alcester and Pontesbury, formerly mistress of HENRY I King of England, daughter of ROBERT Corbet of Alcester, co Warwick & his wife --- ([1090/95]-after 1157).  The Complete Peerage deduces her parentage, relationship with King Henry, and her subsequent marriage from a charter, dated to [1163/75], of her son "Reginaldus, Henrici Regis filius, comes Cornubiæ" by which he granted property to "Willielmo de Boterell, filio Aliziæ Corbet, materteræ meæ" which he had granted to "Willielmo de Boterells in Cornubia, patri…predicti Willielmi" on his marriage, witnessed by "Nicholao filio meo…Herberto filio Herberti, Baldwino et Ricardo nepotibus meis, Willelmo de Vernun, Willielmo fratre meo…Hugone de Dunstanvill…"[354]The [1125/35] birth date range estimated for her son Herbert, born from this marriage, suggests that she married after her relationship with the king.  The Pipe Roll of 1157 records a payment to "the mother of Earl Reginald" from an estate at Mienes, Sussex[355].  Herbert & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         ROBERT FitzHerbert (-before 1165).  Henry II King of England restored properties of "Roberto filio Hereberti Camerarii", held by "pater suus vel avus suus", by charter dated to [Feb/Mar] 1155, witnessed by "…Rainaldo comite Cornubie…Johanne Marescallo"[356].  Chamberlain of King Henry II.  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus filius Herberti v m ii milites et dimidium" in Wiltshire in [1160/61] and [1161/62][357].  [The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Robertus filius Herberti" in Hampshire[358].] 

b)         HERBERT FitzHerbert [II] ([1125/35]-before 18 Jul 1204).  “Willelmus filius Hugonis de Bridssale” donated property “de feudo Herberti filii Herberti” to Watton convent by charter dated to [1175/95][359].  His birth date range is estimated based on the latest birth date of his wife, bearing in mind the probable date of birth of his half-brother Renaud Earl of Cornwall and his own date of death. 

-        see below

c)         HENRY FitzHerbert (-after 1171).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Henricus filius Herberti v m ii milites et dimidium" in Wiltshire in [1160/61][360].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Henricus filius Herberti xx s" in Wiltshire in [1171/72][361]

d)         [WILLIAM (-after 1187).  "…Herberto filio Herberti…Willielmo fratre meo…" subscribed the charter, dated to [1163/75], under which "Reginaldus, Henrici Regis filius, comes Cornubiæ" granted property to "Willielmo de Boterell, filio Aliziæ Corbet, materteræ meæ" which he had granted to "Willielmo de Boterells in Cornubia, patri…predicti Willielmi" on his marriage[362]Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus frater comitis Reginaldi" held half of one knight’s fee from "Roberti filii Regis" in Devon[363]Benedict of Peterborough records that Henry II King of England granted the kingdom of Limerick to "Hereberti filio Hereberti, et Willelmo fratri comitis Reginaldi, et Joellano de la Pumerai nepoti eorum" at a council in Oxford in May 1177, but that "Herbertus et Willelmus, fratres Reginaldi comitis Cornubiæ, et Joellanus de Pumeria nepos eorum" declined it at a council at Marlborough 3 Jun 1177[364].  None of the primary sources so far consulted conclusively indicates whether William was the full brother of Earl Renaud or his half-brother by their mother’s marriage to Herbert FitzHerbert.  However, the order in which the individuals are named in the documents quoted above suggests that William was younger than Herbert, in which case it is more likely that he was the uterine brother of the earl.  The question has been confused by the possible co-identity between William, brother of Earl Renaud, and Willliam brother of Sibyl Queen of Scotland.  However, as discussed in the document ENGLAND KINGS 1066-1603, the chronology is unfavourable for this co-identity to be correct.  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of la Trinité de Caen, including the donation by "Willelmi filii Herberti" of "decimam…in Willun", by charter dated to [1180/82][365]m ALICE, daughter of ---.  "Willelmus de Marisco frater Reginaldi comitis Cornubie" names his wife Alice in a charter[366].] 

e)         [ROHESE (-1176).  The parentage of Rohese is uncertain.  Renaud Earl of Cornwall granted Roseworthy manor in Cornwall to his sister "Rohesia de Pomeria" in a charter[367].  The wife of Henry de la Pomerai was either Rohese, illegitimate daughter of Henry I King of England & his mistress Sibyl Corbet, or Sibyl’s daughter by her husband Herbert FitzHerbert.  m HENRY [I] de la Pomerai, son of JOSCELIN de la Pomerai & his wife Emma --- (-[1156/64]).] 

4.         WILLIAM FitzHerbert (-8 Jun 1154).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo fil Herb" in Wiltshire[368].  Stephen King of England granted property "ecclesiam de Wiverthorpe, ecclesiam de Laudesbrough et ecclesiam de Clera", held by "Herberti fratris eius", to "Willielmus thesaurarius Eborum, capellanus meus"[369]Archbishop of York 1143-1153.  Bishop of Durham 1153-1154.  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the death in 1154 "infra ablutiones liquore lethali infectus" of "Willelmus Cumyn Eboracensis archiepiscopus"[370]

5.         daughter .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt de Venuiz…p filia Herbt Camer cu dote sua" in Hampshire[371], which suggests that the marriage had been recent.  m ([1129/30]) ROBERT de Venuiz, son of ---. 

6.         daughter .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills Croc…p filia Herb Camer cu maritag suo" in Berkshire[372], which suggests that the marriage had been recent.  m ([1129/30]) WILLIAM Croc, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         STEPHEN .  His name, as well as that of his son Ralph, suggests a family connection with Herbert, father of Stephen who is shown below.  m ---.  The name of Stephen’s wife is not known.  Stephen & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         RALPH FitzStephen (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Radulfus filius Stephani" held one knight’s fee from the bishop of Exeter in Devon[373]

b)         [WILLIAM FitzStephen (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus filius Stephani" held one knight’s fee from "Roberti filii Regis" and half a knight’s fee from "Willelmi de Tracy", both in Devon[374].] 

c)         [ARCHIBALD FitzStephen (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Archebaldus filius Stephani" held three parts of one knight’s fee from "Warini de Aula" in Devon[375].] 

 

 

1.         HERBERT (-[1160]).  Chamberlain of David I King of Scotland and of Malcolm IV King of Scotland.  He is first recorded as chamberlain in a charter dated to [1126] under which King David granted privileges to the church of St Andrews, witnessed by "Herberto camerario"[376].]  m ([1130/35]) MILLICENT, niece of William Turniant, daughter of ---.  A charter of King John includes a notice that King Henry I granted "Millicent niece of William Turniant, with the land of William and Richard his brother, and of Osbert the sheriff their father, including Marston [co. Lincs]" to "Herbert the chamberlain", dated to [1130/35][377].  The husband of Millicent has been identified as Herbert the Chamberlain of Scotland[378].  If the grant is correctly dated, "Herbert the chamberlain" could not have been Herbert FitzHenry who died in 1129.  It could not have been his son Herbert FitzHerbert either, as he was already then married to his wife Sibyl who survived him.  Herbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         STEPHEN FitzHerbert (-after 1190).  “Stephanus filius Herberti camerarii regis Stephani” confirmed a donation to St Mary, Thornton by charter dated to [1154/70][379].  Chamberlain of Malcolm IV King of Scotland: "Stephanus filius Hereberti camerarii regis Scotie" confirmed a donation to Kirkstead abbey by "Gregorius" by charter dated 31 Jan 1160[380].  "…Stephano filio camerarii" witnessed the charter dated 1163 under which "[Rodbertus] Marmiun" donated land in Roughton to Kirkstead abbey[381].  “Stephanus filius Herberti camerarii” made a return of knights’ fees dated 1166[382].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Stephanus filius Herberti Camerarii xvi s vii d" in Yorkshire in [1167/68][383].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Stephanus filius Herberti xxiv s iv d, de novo xx s" in Yorkshire in [1171/72][384].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Stephanus filius Herberti" paying "xi s viii d" in Yorkshire[385]m ---.  The name of Stephen’s wife is not known.  Stephen & his wife had [six] children: 

i)          RALPH FitzStephen (-before 1 Feb 1222).  His parentage is confirmed by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which refers to “uxoris Radulfi filii Stephani, Cambellani domini regis…”, adding that the land held by her mother was “de baronia Radulfi filii Stephani[386].  "…Radulfo filio Stephano camerario et Eustachio fratre suo" subscribed the charter dated to [Dec 1175/Mar 1182] under which Henry II King of England confirmed property granted to "Alexandro de Barentin" by "Ricardi Pictaviensis archidiaconi et Herberti filii sui"[387].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Radulphus filius Stephani" paying "x s, i militem" in Gloucestershire[388].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Radulfi filius Stephani" paying "xx s, i militem" in Gloucestershire[389].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Radulfus filius Stephani" holding half of one knight’s fee in "Stevening" in Lincolnshire in [1210/12][390].  "Richard of Gloucester" paid homage to the king "as the nearest heir of Ralph son of Stephen for the manor of Winterbourne which Matilda de Caux held in dower", dated 9 May 1225[391]m firstly ---.  The name of Ralph’s first wife is not known.  m secondly (1185) as her second husband, MATILDA de Cauz, widow of ADAM FitzPeter Lord of Birkyn, daughter of ROBERT de Cauz & his wife Sibyl Basset (-before 14 May 1224).  Her parentage is confirmed by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records “terra eius in Riscinton” held by “uxor que fuit Roberti de Caux et mater uxoris Radulfi filii Stephani, Cambellani domini regis, filia Ricardi Basset et soror Willelmi Basset…L annorum et amplius”, adding that the land was “de baronia Radulfi filii Stephani[392].  An order dated 14 May 1224 confiscated "all land formerly of Matilda de Caux, who was the wife of Ralph son of Stephen, who is dead"[393].  "John of Birkin, heir of Matilda de Caux" made a fine for "his relief of the lands formerly of Matilda…custody of the forest of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire", dated 25 May 1224[394].  Ralph & his first wife had one child: 

(1)       RALPH (-[1 Feb 1222/1225]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

ii)         EUSTACE (-after 1201).  "…Radulfo filio Stephano camerario et Eustachio fratre suo" subscribed the charter dated to [Dec 1175/Mar 1182] under which Henry II King of England confirmed property granted to "Alexandro de Barentin" by "Ricardi Pictaviensis archidiaconi et Herberti filii sui"[395]m ---.  The name of Eustace’s wife is not known.  Eustace & his wife had one child: 

(1)       THOMAS FitzEustace (-[Jun 1222/22 Feb 1223])m (1201) as her first husband, JOAN Noel, daughter of THOMAS Noel of Ellenhall, Staffordshire & his wife Margaret Lestrange (-after 1235).  "Thom Noel" paid a fine for the marriage of "filia sua juniore…filio Eustac fil Steph" in Shropshire, and "Will de Harcurt" paid a fine to marry "filia primogenita predicti Thomæ" in Leicestershire, dated 1201[396].  She married secondly Alexander Bacon"Johanna Noel uxor quondam Alexandri Bacun" donated property to "Ricardo vicario de Chesworthyn" by undated charter[397]The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Shropshire, dated to [1226/28], which includes "Matildis le Estrange et Alicia de Harecurt et Johanna Noel tenent de domino rege manerium de Alvitheleg"[398]

iii)        ROBERT .  "Robertus filius Stephani camerarii" confirmed a donation to Kirkstead abbey of property in Swinethorpe by charter dated to the late 12th century witnessed by "…Roberto filio Roberti de Tatersala…"[399]

iv)       [HUGH FitzStephen (-after 1190).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Hugo filius Stephani" paying "x s… i militem" in Essex, Hertfordshire[400].] 

v)        [HUBERT FitzStephen (-after 1194).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Hubertus filius Stephani, camer[arii]" paying "xxiii s iv d" in Yorkshire[401].] 

vi)       [daughter .  The precise relationship between Ralph FitzStephen and Richard of Gloucester has not yet been traced, but it is possible that Richard’s mother or grandmother was Ralph’s sister.]  m ---.  One child: 

(1)       RICHARD of Gloucester (-after May 1225).  "Richard of Gloucester" paid homage to the king "as the nearest heir of Ralph son of Stephen for the manor of Winterbourne which Matilda de Caux held in dower", and which Richard had given to "Richard Walensis", dated 9 May 1225[402].

 

 

1.         HENRY FitzHerbert .  There is no indication of the exact relationship between Henry FitzHerbert and the FitzHerbert family in the extracts of sources quoted below, but the son of Herbert FitzHerbert [I] is the only person of this name who has so far been identified in the primary sources consulted.  The dating of the 1201 charter of his grandson indicates that this relationship is possible from a chronological point of view.  m NICOLE, daughter of ---.  "Nicole veuve de Henry Fitz-Herbert" donated property to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, by undated charter[403].  Henry & his wife had two children: 

a)         HENRY .  "Henry fils de Henry Fitz-Herbert" donated rights his property at "Caen" to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, by undated charter[404]

b)         RICHARD .  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which his son "Henry fils de Richard fils de Henry Fitz-Herbert" donated rights in his property at "Venoix" to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados[405]m PETRONILLE, daughter of --- (-after 1218).  "Pétronille femme de Richard fils de Henry Fitz Herbert" donated revenue from her house at Caen to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, by charter dated 1218[406].  Richard & his wife had one child: 

i)          HENRY .  "Henry fils de Richard fils de Henry Fitz-Herbert" donated rights in his property at "Venoix" to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, by undated charter[407].  "Henry Fitz Henry fils de Richard" donated property at "Venoix" to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, by charter dated 1201[408]

 

 

HERBERT FitzHerbert [II], son of HERBERT FitzHerbert [I] & his wife Sibyl Corbet ([1125/35]-before 18 Jul 1204).  “Willelmus filius Hugonis de Bridssale” donated property “de feudo Herberti filii Herberti” to Watton convent by charter dated to [1175/95][409].  His birth date range is estimated based on the latest birth date of his wife, bearing in mind the probable date of birth of his half-brother Renaud Earl of Cornwall and his own date of death.  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Herbertus filius Herberti i m" in Wiltshire in [1161/62][410].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Herbertus filius Herberti camerarii senioris" used to hold two knights` fees in Hampshire now held by "Herbertus filius eius"[411].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Herbertus filius Herberti" in Hampshire[412].  Benedict of Peterborough records that Henry II King of England granted the kingdom of Limerick to "Hereberti filio Hereberti, et Willelmo fratri comitis Reginaldi, et Joellano de la Pumerai nepoti eorum" at a council in Oxford in May 1177, but that "Herbertus et Willelmus, fratres Reginaldi comitis Cornubiæ, et Joellanus de Pumeria nepos eorum" declined it at a council at Marlborough 3 Jun 1177[413].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Herbertus filius Herbertus" paying "xx s, ii milites" in Berkshire and "x s, i militem" in Wiltshire[414].  The Pipe Roll at Michaelmas 1194 records “Herbertus f Herberti” owing for “legalem portionem suam versus Margaretam de Bohun” also in Gloucestershire[415]: the property in question was presumably inherited from Miles of Gloucester, the father of Margaret de Bohun and of Herbert’s wife.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Herbertus filius Herberti" paying "xxv s, i militem et tertiam" in Hampshire[416]

m LUCY of Hereford, daughter of MILES of Gloucester Earl of Hereford & his wife Sibylle de Neufmarché (before 1143-[1219/20] or after, bur Lanthony Priory, Gloucester).  The Historia fundationis cum fundatoris genealogia of the priory of Abergavenny names “Margaretam, Bertam et Luciam” as the three daughters of “Milonem” & his wife, adding that Lucy married “Herberto filio Hereberti” and inherited “foresta de Dene et aliis terries in Anglia[417].  King John confirmed the possessions of Lanthony abbey by charter dated 30 Jul 1199, including the donation of "duas partes de Onedesleye" made by "Margar de Bohun", in accordance with the division made "inter ipsam et Luciam sororem suam"[418].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land from bishop of Worcester, whose assets had been confiscated by King John, dated to [1208/13]: "Henricus de Boun comes Herefordie et domina Lucia que fuit uxor Herberti filii Herberti" held "manerio in Suham et Brokhamt ii milites…in comitatu Glouc"[419].  A feodary of the bishop of Worcester’s estates drawn up in [1219/20] records that "Dame Lucia, widow of Herbert fitz Herbert" held shares in two Gloucestershire manors[420].  A manuscript in Aske’s collections names “Milo…Erle of Herforde, Lord of Bricone and of all the Forest of Done, and also Constable of England…Sibbill wiff of the seid Milo…Luce the third daughter of the seid Milo Erle…” among those buried at Lanthony Priory[421]

Herbert & his wife had two children: 

1.         REYNOLD FitzHerbert (-[1190/92]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

2.         PIERS FitzHerbert of Blaenllyfni (-1 Jul 1235, bur Reading).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Petrus filius Herberti" paying "xv s, iii partes [militis]" in Berkshire[422].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Petrus filius Herberti" holding one knight’s fee "Manekeford" in Wiltshire, and three in Yorkshire, in [1210/12][423].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Petrus filius Herberti et Willelmus de Boterellis" holding "tres partes" in Warwickshire in [1210/12][424].  Matthew Paris names “...Petrus filius Hereberti...” among the "consiliarios iniquissimos” of King John[425].  Henry III King of England granted "terris Petri filii Herberti" to "fratri nostro Olivero filio Regis" dated 20 Mar 1217[426].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Oxfordshire, dated 1219, which includes "Petrus filius Herberti" holding land "in Walinton…hundredo de Puritona"[427].  A letter of Henry III King of England to the bishop of Rochester, dated 13 Jun 1230, appointing him to make an assize of arms in Kent, names "Petrus filius Hereberti…Matthæus filius Hereberti" as those charged with a similar exercise in Berkshire and Wiltshire respectively[428].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death "Kal Jul" in 1235 of “Petrus filius Hereberti” and his burial at Reading[429]m firstly (marriage settlement 28 Nov 1203) ALICE, daughter of ROBERT FitzRoger of Warkworth & his wife Margery de Chesney.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m secondly as her second husband, ISABEL de Ferrers, widow of ROGER de Mortimer of Wigmore, daughter of WALKELIN de Ferrers & his wife --- (-before 29 Apr 1252, bur Lechlade).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Wigmore Abbey records that “Isabella…filia domini de Ferrers de Lechlade” was the second wife of “domini Rogeri”, adding that she became a nun “apud Lechelade” and was buried there[430].  “Rogerus de Mortuomari…et dominæ Isabellæ uxoris meæ” donated property to Kington St Michael by undated charter, witnessed by “Philippo de Mortuomari…[431].  An order dated [Apr] 1225 delayed repayment from "Peter fitz Herbert and Isabella his wife" of a "debt of Henry de Ferrers brother of the same Isabella"[432].  King Henry III confirmed inheritance of property by "Henricus de Fraxneto" to "Petro filio Herberti et Isabelle uxori eius" dated [Jun] 1232[433].  Piers & his first wife had two children: 

a)         HERBERT FitzPiers of Blaenllyfni (-before 27 May 1248).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

b)         REYNOLD FitzPiers (-4/5 May 1286).  "Reginald son of Peter" was granted rights in "demesne lands in Lechamstede, co. Berks" dated 26 Sep 1257[434]

-        see below

3.         MATTHEW FitzHerbert (-[13 Jun 1230/Feb 1231]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Mathaeus filius Herberti" holding one knight’s fee "Stoke" in Wiltshire, and one in Devonshire from "honor Gloucestriæ", in [1210/12][435].  A letter of Henry III King of England to the bishop of Rochester, dated 13 Jun 1230, appointing him to make an assize of arms in Kent, names "Petrus filius Hereberti…Matthæus filius Hereberti" as those charged with a similar exercise in Berkshire and Wiltshire respectively[436].  Matthew, his wife and descendants are shown by Eyton but the primary sources which confirm the information have not yet been identified[437]m (before Jun 1200) JOAN Patric, daughter of --- & his wife Mabel Patric[438] (-after 21 Feb 1231).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1219, by "Robertus filius Briani, Oliuerus Auenel, Gaufridus Talebot et Adam de Dornapetona" against "Matheum filium Hereberti et Johannam uxorem eius"[439].  Matthew & his wife had three children: 

a)         HERBERT FitzMatthew (-3 or 5 Feb 1245).  "Herbert son of Matthew" was granted "the manor of Warblinton, late of Robert de Curcy" dated 10 Jun 1231[440].  "Herbert son of Matthew" was granted "a weekly market…at Emeleswurth…" dated 20 Apr 1239[441]m MILLICENT Paynell, daughter of WILLIAM Paynell of Bampton, Devon & his wife Alice Briwere (-before 1249).  The Complete Peerage states that Herbert FitzMatthew married “Milicent da. and coh. of William Paynel of Bampton, Devon” but does not cite the corresponding primary source[442].  An indication of the connection between the two families is provided by the order dated 4 Feb 1228 under which Henry III King of England granted "custodiam terre et heredis Willelmi Paynel" to "Hereberto filio Mathey" and ordered the sheriff of Devon to release them to him[443].  She must have died childless before 1249 when an inquisitions after her brother’s death name his sister Aude as his heir. 

b)         PETER FitzMatthew (-1255).  Land recovered from "Peter son of Matthew" was regranted dated 18 Aug 1252[444]

c)         JOHN FitzMatthew (-before 19 Jan 1261).  A debt of "Peter son of Matthew" was granted, to be received from "John son of Matthew brother and heir of the said Peter son of Matthew" dated 28 Dec 1256[445]m[446] as her first husband, MARGARET de Berkeley, daughter of THOMAS de Berkeley of Berkeley, Gloucestershire & his wife Joan [de Somery].  She married secondly (before 18 Oct 1265) Ansel Basset of Winford and Saltford, Somerset.  John & his wife had one child: 

i)          MATTHEW FitzJohn (-31 May 1309).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   m ELEANOR, daughter of --- (-after 4 Jul 1325).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  

 

 

REYNOLD FitzPiers, son of PIERS FitzHerbert & his wife Alice --- (-4/5 May 1286).  "Reginald son of Peter" was granted rights in "demesne lands in Lechamstede, co. Berks" dated 26 Sep 1257[447].  "P. de Monte Forti" wrote to Henry III King of England, dated to [Dec 1262], reporting that he "found the Welsh march in great confusion" and names "dominorum Humfridi de Boun, Reginaldi filii Petri…"[448].   The Chronicle of Peterborough names "dominus Reginaldus filius Petri" among those sent to fight Llywelyn Prince of Wales in 1282[449].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 5 May "14 Edw I" following the death 5 May of "Reginald son of Peter” name “John his son aged 30 and more [...aged 28] is his next heir...Joan his wife who survives him[450].  Eyton gives some details about his descendants in Shropshire[451]

m firstly ALICE, daughter of --- (-24 Aug 1265).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

m secondly as her third husband, JEANNE de Vivonne, widow firstly of INGRAM de Percy of Dalton Percy and secondly of AIMERY [XII] de Rochechouart, daughter of GUILLAUME de Vivonne "de Fortibus" & his wife Matilda de Ferrers ([1250/52]-1 Jun 1314[452]).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Johanna de Vynon, Cecilia de Bellocampo, Sibilla nupta Almarico de Archiaks in Piganra" as children of "Matilda de Kyme" third daughter of "Willielmo de Ferrers comiti Derbiæ" and his wife[453], although the other sources quoted below show that these children were born from Matilda’s second marriage not her third.  Henry III King of England granted, 2 Aug 1259, "the wardship of the lands late of William de Fortibus" to "Ingram de Percy, Peter de Chauuvent and Imbert de Muntferaunt" and the marriages of the deceased’s four daughters, the eldest to Ingram[454].  The fact of her first marriage is confirmed by the grant, 10 Oct 1262, of the marriage of "the eldest daughter and one of the heirs of William de Fortibus, late the wife of Ingram de Percy" to Queen Eleanor[455]Her second marriage is confirmed by the Somersetshire Pleas for 15 Jul 1269 which include a record that "Aunsell de Gurnay and his wife Sibyl" warranted "Emery de Roche Chaward, son of Emery de Roche Chaward, and Joan his wife, Sibyl, Mabel and Cecily, the daughters and heirs of William de Fortibus" relating to land in "Corfton"[456].  The absence of any further references to Jeanne with her second husband suggest that the marriage was dissolved or annulled soon afterwards.  This is also suggested because there is no mention of Aimery’s two children in the documents relating to Jeanne’s inheritance, which would be appropriate if they were born from his otherwise unrecorded second marriage.  Inquisitions following a writ dated 5 May "14 Edw I" following the death 5 May of "Reginald son of Peter” name “John his son aged 30 and more [...aged 28] is his next heir...Joan his wife who survives him[457]Edward I King of England granted, 15 Dec 1290, "letters to Joan de Vivonia, going beyond the seas, nominating Henry de Somery and Roger de Essex her attorneys for one year"[458], which suggests that her second husband had died and that Jeanne had subsequently settled in England.  Edward I King of England granted, 4 Jul 1300, a licence for "Joan, late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant the manor of Chuyton to "Peter son of Reginald"[459].  Edward I King of England granted, 4 Jul 1300, a licence for "Joan, late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant the manor of Chuyton ("being her share of the inheritance of William de Fortibus") to "Peter son of Reginald"[460].  Her parentage and third marriage are confirmed by, firstly, a  licence granted by the sheriff of Bedford 10 Jun 1304 for "Joan, late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant part of the manor of Luyton "being her purparty of the inheritance of Matilda de Kyme her mother" to "Reginald son of Peter", and a licence granted by the sheriff of Somerset 20 Jun 1304 for "Joan, late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant part of the manor of Midsummer Norton "her purparty of the inheritance of William de Fortibus her father" to "Reginald son of Reginald"[461]A licence dated 1 Oct 1310 permitted "Joan de Vivonia" to grant parts of the manor of Oarbry, Ireland to "Reginald son of Reginald"[462]

Reynold & his first wife had four children: 

1.         ALICE (-after 1305)A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Alicia filia Reginaldi filii Petri" as the wife of “Johannem [de sancto Johanne][463]m (before 29 Jun 1256) JOHN de St John, son of ROBERT de St John & his wife Agnes de Cantelou (-[20/29] Sep 1301). 

2.         ELEANOR (-after Jan 1283)m firstly JOHN de Mohun, son of JOHN de Mohun & his wife Joan de Ferrers of the Earls of Derby (-11 Jun 1279).  m secondly WILLIAM Martin Lord Martin, son of ---. 

3.         JOHN FitzReynold ([1255/58]-before 10 Feb 1310).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 5 May "14 Edw I" following the death 5 May of "Reginald son of Peter” name “John his son aged 30 and more [...aged 28] is his next heir...Joan his wife who survives him[464].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzReynold.  m AGNES, daughter of --- (-after 7 Nov 1312). 

-        LORDS FITZREYNOLD[465]

4.         WALTER FitzReynold (-1278 or after).  According to Eyton, he was named as "Portioner of Pontesbury" in [1277/78], but the primary source which confirms this information has not yet been identified[466]

Reynold & his second wife had four children: 

5.         PETER FitzReynold (-before 20 Sep 1326).  A licence dated 18 Jul 1301, in consideration of a fine made by Peter son of Reginald, permitted "Joan late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant the manor of Chuyton to "Master James de Mohun", except the hamlet of Midsummer Norton retained by Joan for life, with remainders to "the said Peter, Reginald son of Reginald, and William son of Reginald, his brothers, with reversion to the next heirs of Joan"[467]A pardon was issued 12 Feb 1330 to "William de Bathon, clerk and John de Bathon" for acquiring land in Pridie and Chiweton from "Peter son of Reginald"[468]According to Eyton, he was "reputed ancestor of the Fitzherbert family and of the earls of Pembroke", but the primary sources which confirm this information have not yet been identified[469]

6.         REYNOLD FitzReynold (-[1 Oct 1310/20 Jan 1314]).  A licence dated 18 Jul 1301, in consideration of a fine made by Peter son of Reginald, permitted "Joan late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant the manor of Chuyton to "Master James de Mohun", except the hamlet of Midsummer Norton retained by Joan for life, with remainders to "the said Peter, Reginald son of Reginald, and William son of Reginald, his brothers, with reversion to the next heirs of Joan"[470]A licence dated 3 Dec 1308 permitted "Aymer de Archiaco" to grant parts of the manors of Wolveton, Dorset, Midsummer Norton, Somerset, and Luton, Bedfordshire to "Joan de Vivonia and Reginald her son for their lives, with remainder to the latter’s son John"[471]A licence dated 1 Oct 1310 permitted "Joan de Vivonia" to grant parts of the manor of Oarbry, Ireland to "Reginald son of Reginald"[472]m ---.  The name of Reynold’s wife is not known.  Reynold & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOHN de Vivonne ([before 1295]-[20 Jan 1314/1 Jul 1315]).  A licence dated 3 Dec 1308 permitted "Aymer de Archiaco" to grant parts of the manors of Wolveton, Dorset, Midsummer Norton, Somerset, and Luton, Bedfordshire to "Joan de Vivonia and Reginald her son for their lives, with remainder to the latter’s son John"[473]A pardon was issued 20 Jan 1314 to "Hervey de Slaunton" for acquiring the manor of Littelhaghe, Suffolk from "John de Vivonia"[474]m as her first husband, MARGERY, daughter of ---.  A licence was granted 1 Jul 1315 for "Margery, late the wife of John de Vivonia" to marry whomsoever she will[475]

7.         WILLIAM FitzReynold .  A licence dated 18 Jul 1301, in consideration of a fine made by Peter son of Reginald, permitted "Joan late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant the manor of Chuyton to "Master James de Mohun", except the hamlet of Midsummer Norton retained by Joan for life, with remainders to "the said Peter, Reginald son of Reginald, and William son of Reginald, his brothers, with reversion to the next heirs of Joan"[476]

8.         BEATRICE FitzReynold (-after [1326]).  "Beatrice de Vyvoyne of Winchester" petitioned the king [1326] to receive rent from "Hugh Poyns" for land in Chewton, Somerset, the right to which was granted to her by her mother "Joan de Vivoyne", and which was then in the king’s hands "by the minority of the heir" (from the context the heir of "Piers Fitz Renaud son and heir of Joan de Vyvonne")[477]

 

 

 

FAUCOMBERGE

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Faucomberge of Rise and Catfoss m as her second husband, AGNES Lady of Appleton, widow of HERBERT de Saint Quintin, daughter of OSBERN de Arches & his wife ---.  “Agnes de Archis” donated property to Chilling, for the salvation of the soul of “domini mei Herberti de Sancto Quintino” and for the souls of “Walteri et Alani filiorum meorum”, by undated charter[478].  She married thirdly William Foliot.  "Domino Petro de Falcumberga, Andrea fratre eius, Willelmo Foliot…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Everardus de Wichie" quitclaimed rights in Catwick church to Pontefact St John[479].  William Archbishop of York confirmed donations to Chilling, at the request of “Agnetis matris Petri de Falcamberge et filiorum suorum Willielmi et Hugonis Foliot”, by undated charter[480].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

a)         PIERS [I] de Faucomberge (-after [Jan 1155]).  "Domino Petro de Falcumberga, Andrea fratre eius, Willelmo Foliot…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Everardus de Wichie" quitclaimed rights in Catwick church to Pontefact St John[481].  "Petrus de Falkebergia" donated "medietatem meam ecclesie sanct Michaelis de Catthevic" to Pontefact St John, for the souls of "uxoris mee Beatricis et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Walteri, Stephani", by undated charter (dated to [Jan 1155])[482]m BEATRICE, daughter of --- (-after [Jan 1155]).  "Petrus de Falkebergia" donated "medietatem meam ecclesie sanct Michaelis de Catthevic" to Pontefact St John, for the souls of "uxoris mee Beatricis et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Walteri, Stephani", by undated charter (dated to [Jan 1155])[483].  Piers [I] & his wife had five children: 

i)          WILLIAM de Faucomberge .  "Petrus de Falkebergia" donated "medietatem meam ecclesie sanct Michaelis de Catthevic" to Pontefact St John, for the souls of "uxoris mee Beatricis et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Walteri, Stephani", by undated charter (dated to [Jan 1155])[484]

ii)         WALTER [I] de Faucomberge of Rise, Withernwick, Catwick .  "Petrus de Falkebergia" donated "medietatem meam ecclesie sanct Michaelis de Catthevic" to Pontefact St John, for the souls of "uxoris mee Beatricis et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Walteri, Stephani", by undated charter (dated to [Jan 1155])[485]

-         see below

iii)        STEPHEN de Faucomberge .  "Petrus de Falkebergia" donated "medietatem meam ecclesie sanct Michaelis de Catthevic" to Pontefact St John, for the souls of "uxoris mee Beatricis et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Walteri, Stephani", by undated charter (dated to [Jan 1155])[486].  "Waltero de Faukeberga, Stephano et Roberto fratribus suis…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Radulfus de Withic" confirmed the donation of half Catwick church to Pontefact St John[487].  "Walterus de Falkebergia" confirmed the donation of "ecclesie de Catthwic" to Pontefact St John, made by "pater meus" for the souls of "sue et uxoris sue Beatricis matris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "Stephano de Falkeberga et Roberto fratre suo, Amando filio Willelmi…"[488]

iv)       ROBERT de Faucomberge .  "Waltero de Faukeberga, Stephano et Roberto fratribus suis…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Radulfus de Withic" confirmed the donation of half Catwick church to Pontefact St John[489].  "Walterus de Falkebergia" confirmed the donation of "ecclesie de Catthwic" to Pontefact St John, made by "pater meus" for the souls of "sue et uxoris sue Beatricis matris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "Stephano de Falkeberga et Roberto fratre suo, Amando filio Willelmi…"[490]

v)        EUSTACHE de Faucomberge .  "Petrus de Falkebergia" confirmed the donation of "ecclesia de Cattewic" to Pontefact St John, and relinquished claims made by "dominum Eustachium de Falkebergia avunculum meum", by undated charter[491]

b)         ANDREW .  "Domino Petro de Falcumberga, Andrea fratre eius, Willelmo Foliot…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Everardus de Wichie" quitclaimed rights in Catwick church to Pontefact St John[492]

 

 

WALTER [I] de Faucomberge of Rise, Withernwick, Catwick, son of PIERS [I] de Faucomberge & his wife Beatrice --- .  "Petrus de Falkebergia" donated "medietatem meam ecclesie sanct Michaelis de Catthevic" to Pontefact St John, for the souls of "uxoris mee Beatricis et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Walteri, Stephani", by undated charter (dated to [Jan 1155])[493].  "Waltero de Faukeberga, Stephano et Roberto fratribus suis…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Radulfus de Withic" confirmed the donation of half Catwick church to Pontefact St John[494].  "Walterus de Falkebergia" confirmed the donation of "ecclesie de Catthwic" to Pontefact St John, made by "pater meus" for the souls of "sue et uxoris sue Beatricis matris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "Stephano de Falkeberga et Roberto fratre suo, Amando filio Willelmi…"[495]

m AGNES, daughter of SIMON FitzSimon & his wife --- (-bur Bullington Priory). 

Walter [I] & his wife had one child: 

1.         PIERS [II] de Faucomberge (-after Apr 1230).  "Petrus de Falkebergia" confirmed the donation of "ecclesia de Cattewic" to Pontefact St John, and relinquished claims made by "dominum Eustachium de Falkebergia avunculum meum", by undated charter[496]m firstly as her second husband, MARGERY de Montfichet, widow of HUGH de Bolebec, daughter of RICHARD de Montfichet & his wife Millicent ---.  An undated writ "52 Hen III", after the death of "Richard de Muntfichet", records that "he had 3 sisters, Margery, Avelina and Philippa, from Margery issued Hugh de Bolebek"[497].  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother", names as heirs of "Richard de Munfichet…his three sisters, the first sister Margery married Hugh de Bulebec, and from them issued Hugh de Bulebec who had four daughters, Philippa married to Roger de Lancastre, Margery married to Nicholas Corbet, Alice married to Walter de Huntercumbe, and Maud married to Hugh de la Valle…"[498]m secondly ELLEN, daughter of ---.  Piers [II] & his first wife had one child: 

a)         WALTER [II] de Faucomberge of Rise and Withernwick in Holderness (-Rise 1/2 Nov 1304, bur Priory of Nunkeeling).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord Faucomberge.  The manuscript history of the founders of Gisburne Priory records that “dominus Walterus Fauconberg” died “apud Ryse in Holdyrnes 1304” and was buried “apud Kylyng in Holdyrnes[499].  The obituary of Gisburne priory records the death “Kal Nov” of "Walteri Fauconberge"[500]m AGNES de Brus, daughter of PETER [III] de Brus & his wife Hawise of Kendal (-23 May 1286, bur Gisburne Priory).  A manuscript narrating the family of “Willielmi de Lancastra” names “Petrum juniorem, Agnetem, Luciam, Margaretam et Laderinam” as the children of “Petrus le Brus senior” and his wife “Helewisam”, adding that Agnes married “Waltero de Fawkunbergh[501].  Co-heiress of her brother[502].  The manuscript history of the founders of Gisburne Priory records that Agnes married “dominus Walterus Fauconberg, dominus de Ryse in Holdyrnes”, inherited “castrum de Skelton, Hersk, Uplythum, Westyby et Estburne”, predeceased her husband “1286 in vigilia ascensionis Domini”, and was buried at Gisburne Priory, adding the names of their children and descendants[503]

-        LORDS FAUCOMBERGE[504]

 

 

 

FERRERS

 

 

WALKELIN de Ferrières, son of --- (-killed in battle [1035/45]).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Hugo de Monteforti filius Tustini” and “Walchelino de Ferrariis” [a later passage names him “Henricus de Ferrariis”] fought and killed each other, dated to the early part of the reign of Guillaume II Duke of Normandy from the context of the passage[505]

m ---.  The name of Walkelin's wife is not known. 

Walkelin & his wife had one child: 

1.         HENRI de Ferrières (-[before 14 Sep] 1101, bur Tutbury).  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, names "Henry seigneur de Ferrières" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[506].  Orderic Vitalis records that the king granted “castrum Stutesburie quod Hugo de Abrincis prius tenuerat” to “Henrico Gualchelini de Ferrariis filio[507].  Sire de Ferrières et de Chambrais, Normandy.  King William I awarded him over 200 lordships, half in Derbyshire, together with the castle of Tutbury, Staffordshire (previously held by Hugues d'Avranches) which became his main seat[508].  “…Henrici de Ferrariis…” witnessed the charter dated 1082 under which William I King of England granted land at Covenham to the church of St Calais[509].  “Henricus de Ferrariis” founded a church “apud castellum meum Tuttesbury”, for the souls of “…uxoris mee Berte et filiorum meorum Engenulphi W, Roberti ac filiarum mearum…[510].  Domesday Book records land held by “Henry de Ferrers”, including in Nakedthorn and Sutton Hundreds, in Berkshire; several properties in Buckinghamshire; Lechlade in Gloucestershire; numerous properties in Leicestershire; numerous properties in Derbyshire[511]m BERTA, daughter of ---.  “Henricus de Ferrariis” founded a church “apud castellum meum Tuttesbury”, for the souls of “…uxoris mee Berte et filiorum meorum Engenulphi W, Roberti ac filiarum mearum…[512].  Domesday Descendants speculates that she was a member of the Laigle family based on the couple naming one of their sons Ingenulf[513], although it is not clear that this family used this name exclusively.  Henri & his wife had four children: 

a)         INGENULF [Guillaume] de Ferrers (-after 14 Sep 1101).  “Henricus de Ferrariis” founded a church “apud castellum meum Tuttesbury”, for the souls of “…uxoris mee Berte et filiorum meorum Engenulphi W, Roberti ac filiarum mearum…[514]

-        see below

b)         ROBERT Ferrers (-1139).  “Henricus de Ferrariis” founded a church “apud castellum meum Tuttesbury”, for the souls of “…uxoris mee Berte et filiorum meorum Engenulphi W, Roberti ac filiarum mearum…[515].  He succeeded his father in 1101 in the greater part of his English possessions.  “Robertus comes de Ferrariis” donated property to Tutbury Priory by undated charter after succeeding “in hereditatem bonæ memoriæ Henrici patris mei[516].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt de Ferrar" in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire in respect of "Werchesworda"[517].  He was created Earl of Derby in 1138. 

-        EARLS of DERBY

c)         AMICE de Ferrers (-6 Sep ----[518]).  “Robertus comes junior de Ferariis” confirmed donations to Tutbury by “avus meus Henricus…Egenulfus patruus meus…Robertus pater meus”, naming “Nigellus de Albiniaco et Amicia filia avi mei[519]m NIGEL de Albini of Cainhoe, son of GUILLAUME Seigneur d'Aubigny & his wife --- (-[1100]). 

d)         daughter(s) .  The fact that Henri had more than one daughter is shown by the charter under which “Henricus de Ferrariis” founded a church “apud castellum meum Tuttesbury”, for the souls of “…uxoris mee Berte et filiorum meorum Engenulphi W, Roberti ac filiarum mearum…[520]

 

 

INGENULF [Guillaume] de Ferrers, son of HENRI de Ferrières & his wife Berta --- (-after 14 Sep 1101).  “Henricus de Ferrariis” founded a church “apud castellum meum Tuttesbury”, for the souls of “…uxoris mee Berte et filiorum meorum Engenulphi W, Roberti ac filiarum mearum…[521].  "…Guillaume de Ferrières…" witnessed the undated charter under which Robert III Duke of Normandy donated property to Saint-Etienne de Caen[522].  "…Engennulfi de Ferr…" subscribed a charter dated 14 Sep 1101 under which Henry I King of England donated property to Bath St Peter[523]

m ---.  The name of Ingenulf's wife is not known. 

Ingenulf & his wife had one child: 

1.         [HENRY de Ferrers (-after 1136).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Domesday Descendants comments that he was "probably son of Ingenulf…since [he] is frequently remembered in the Ferrers confirmations for Tutbury"[524], implying that no proof of his parentage exists.  The corresponding charters have not been identified in the selection of Tutbury charters included in Dugdale’s Monasticon[525].  The Complete Peerage cites a manuscript transcript of the Tutbury cartulary but this has not been consulted[526].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Henr de Ferrar" in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire[527].  He held land at Lechlade, Gloucestershire and Oakham, Rutland[528].]  m ---.  The name of Henry's wife is not known.  Henry & his wife had one child:

a)         WALKELIN [Walchelin] de Ferrers (-after [1182/89]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Wakelinus de Ferariis" with 5 knights and 42 knights in his own service[529].  "…Walchelino de Ferrariis…" subscribed the charter dated to [1182/89] under which Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Barbery[530]m ---.  The name of Walkelin's wife is not known.  Walkelin & his wife had three children:

i)          HENRI de Ferrers (-after 1202).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Henricus de Ferrariis" paying "iv xx xii l [=92?] xv s viii d" in Devonshire[531].  Seigneur de Chambrais 1202.  He was ancestor of the Seigneurs de Ferrières et de Chambrais in Normandy, extinct in the male line in 1504[532]

ii)         HUGH de Ferrers of Lechlade (-1204).  "Ysabell de Mortuomar" paid a fine for "seisina manerioris de Lichelad et de Langebg q fuerunt Hug de Ferr fratris sui de dono Walkeln patris eorum" in Gloucestershire, dated 1204[533]m (1197 or after) as her first husband, MARGERY de Say, daughter and heiress of HUGH [II] de Say of Richard's Castle & his wife Mabel --- ([1190/96]-1230).  She married secondly Robert de Mortimer.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166 (but added later), record that "Robertus de Mortuo mari" held 23 knights’ fees "in honore Castelli Ricardi" with "filia Hugonis de Say hærede Osberti filii Hugonis" in Herefordshire[534].  She married thirdly (Royal licence 23 Nov 1219) William de Stuteville.  Henry III King of England consented to the marriage of "Margaretam que fuit uxor Roberti de Mortuo Mari" and "Willelmus de Stutevill" dated 23 Nov 1219[535]

iii)        ISABEL de Ferrers (-before 29 Apr 1252, bur Lechlade).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Wigmore Abbey records that “Isabella…filia domini de Ferrers de Lechlade” was the second wife of “domini Rogeri”, adding that she became a nun “apud Lechelade” and was buried there[536].  “Rogerus de Mortuomari…et dominæ Isabellæ uxoris meæ” donated property to Kington St Michael by undated charter, witnessed by “Philippo de Mortuomari…[537].  She inherited Lechlade and Oakham, lost by her older brother when Normandy was conquered by the French in 1204[538].  "Ysabell de Mortuomar" paid a fine for "seisina manerioris de Lichelad et de Langebg q fuerunt Hug de Ferr fratris sui de dono Walkeln patris eorum" in Gloucestershire, dated 1204[539].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Gloucestershire, dated to [1211/13]: "Rogerus de Mortuo Mari" held "Lechelad et Langeleg de hereditate uxoris sue"[540].  An order dated [Apr] 1225 delayed repayment from "Peter fitz Herbert and Isabella his wife" of a "debt of Henry de Ferrers brother of the same Isabella"[541].  "Dominum Willelmum de Bello Campo, vicecomitem Wygorn et Isabellam uxorem eius" granted "totam terram suam…in Uplodecoumbe" to "dominam Isabellam de Mortuo Mare" by charter dated [24 Jun 1250], witnessed by "…domino Jacobo de Bello Campo…"[542]m firstly [as his second wife,] ROGER [III] de Mortimer, son of HUGH [II] de Mortimer & his wife Matilda de Rumilly (-before 19 Aug 1214, bur Wigmore).  m secondly as his second wife, PIERS FitzHerbert of Blaen Llyfni, son of HERBERT FitzHerbert & his wife Lucy of Hereford (-1 Jul 1235, bur Reading). 

 

 

 

FITZERNEIS

 

 

Vautier suggests that part of the seigneurie de Fontenay was transferred to the FitzErneis family from the Marmion family with the marriage of Gersende Marmion, daughter of Robert Marmion [I], to Robert [II] FitzErneis[543]

 

 

ROBERT [I] FitzErneis, son of ERNEIS [Taisson] & his wife --- (-killed in battle Hastings 17 Oct 1066).  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, records that King Harold II was killed at Hastings by "un chevalier…Robert fils Herveis"[544].  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which quotes the donation by "Robertus pater meus" for the soul of "uxoris suæ Hacintæ" and comments that "patre meo in Anglia occiso"[545]

m [HACINTA, daughter of ---.  She is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which quotes the donation by "Robertus pater meus" for the soul of "uxoris suæ Hacintæ"[546].  However, the apparent clarity of this statement is confused by an earlier passage which records the original donation by "Robertus filius Erneisi, filii Radulphi Andegavensis et Alpaidis…et filius Hacintæ sororis antiqui Fulconis de Alnon".  The latter text refers to Robert [I] FitzErneis.  The strict conclusion from the two passages is that both Erneis and his son Robert [I] FitzErneis were married to persons named Hacinta.  However, this appears to be a strange coincidence.  It is possible that there is some confusion in the wording of the charter and that only either Erneis or Robert [I] was married to a wife named Hacinta.] 

Robert [I] & his wife had one child: 

1.         ROBERT [II] FitzErneis (-after 1091).  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which quotes the donation by "Robertus…et Gersendis uxor mea filia Roberti Marmionis"[547].  Vaultier dates this donation quoted in the charter to after 1087[548].  "…Rotberti de Belmont, Rodulfi de Bec, Willelmi filii Girardi, Rogerii fratris Rodulfi, Gisleberti Crispini, Rotberti filii Alvuardi, Rotberti Marmion, Rodulfi Taisson, Rotberti Herneis, Ricardi de Baiocas…" witnessed the donation of "decimam Ansfredi Villæ" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen by "Gernagois et Albereda uxor eius, cum filiis suis Willelmo et Rotberto" by charter dated 1091[549]m ([before 1087]) GERSENDE Marmion, daughter of ROBERT [I] Marmion & his wife Hawise ---.  She is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which quotes the donation by "Robertus…et Gersendis uxor mea filia Roberti Marmionis"[550].  Robert [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         ROBERT [III] FitzErneis ([1080/1100]-killed in battle Audrieu).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt fil Ernuceon" in London[551].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of Savigny abbey, including the donation by "Roberti filii Ernesii" of "terram de Basenvilla", by charter dated to [1156/58][552].  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which records the donation by "Roberti filii Erneisi tertii, qui occisus fuit apud Audreium"[553].  [Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Barbery, including donations by "Roberti filii Erneis, nepotis Willelmi de Curceio", by charter dated to [1182/89][554].  It has not yet been ascertained which of the Robert FitzErneis was related to Guillaume de Courcy (either Guillaume [I] or Guillaume [II], see above), presumably through his mother assuming that "nepotis" can be interpreted as nephew or grandson in this document.]  m ADELICIA, daughter of ---.  A charter dated 1217, under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by his predecessors (expanded version), records that "avus meus Robertus filius Erneisi quartus" donated property for the soul of "matris suæ Adeliciæ"[555].  Robert [III] & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT [IV] Fitz Erneis ([1110/20]-).  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which records the donation by "Roberti filii Erneisi tertii, qui occisus fuit apud Audreium" and by "avus meus Robertus filius Erneisi quartus"[556].  The document does not specify that Robert [IV] was the son of Robert [III], but the point is clarified in another expanded version of the same charter dated 1217 which in addition records the donations by "Roberti filii Erneisi tertii" and immediately afterwards by "avus meus Robertus filius Erneisi quartus" for the soul of "eiusdem patris sui"[557]

-         see below.   

b)         [WARNER [FitzErneis] (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Warner fil Ern" in Dorsetshire, Wiltshire (three entries)[558].] 

 

 

1.         ADAM FitzErneis (-after [1150/60]).  "…Adam filio Ernis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150/60] under which "Gillebertus de Nouila" donated land in Great Sturton to Kirkstead abbey[559]

 

2.         ROGER FitzErneis .  "…Rogero filio Ernisii…" witnessed the charter dated to the reign of King Henry II under which "Bertram de Verdum" granted land at Long Whatton, Leicestershire to "Wauchelino filio Baldewini et Aeliz uxori sue", which was held by "mater uxoris predicti Walchelini" during the reign of King Henry I[560]

 

 

ROBERT [IV] Fitz Erneis, son of ROBERT [III] FitzErneis & his wife Adelicia --- ([1110/20]-).  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which records the donation by "Roberti filii Erneisi tertii, qui occisus fuit apud Audreium" and by "avus meus Robertus filius Erneisi quartus"[561].  The document does not specify that Robert [IV] was the son of Robert [III], but the point is clarified in another expanded version of the same charter dated 1217 which in addition records the donations by "Roberti filii Erneisi tertii" and immediately afterwards by "avus meus Robertus filius Erneisi quartus" for the soul of "eiusdem patris sui"[562]

m ROHESE de Courcy, daughter of ---.  She is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which records the donation by "patris meæ laudabilis memoriæ Roberti filii Erneisi quinti" of "in territorio de Barnevilla acram sancti Richerii et in territorio de Fontaneto" for the soul of "matris suæ Rohasiæ de Corceio"[563].  Her precise relationship to the Courcy family has not yet been ascertained. 

Robert [IV] & his wife had two children:    

1.         ROBERT [V] FitzErneis ([1135/45]-).  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which records the donation by "Roberti filii Erneisi tertii, qui occisus fuit apud Audreium" and by "patris meæ laudabilis memoriæ Roberti filii Erneisi quinti" of "in territorio de Barnevilla acram sancti Richerii et in territorio de Fontaneto" for the soul of "matris suæ Rohasiæ de Corceio"[564]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert [V] & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROBERT [VI] FitzErneis ([1160/70]-before [1220]).  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Robertus f Ærnisi…pro habenda terra que fuit Eudonis f Ærnisi avunculi sui cuius heres ipse est" in Essex & Hertfordshire[565].  "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo" by charter dated 1217[566]m ([1180/90]) HELIE [Ela] d'Alençon, daughter of JEAN [I] Comte d'Alençon & his wife Beatrix de Maine [Anjou] (-after May 1233).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by three charters read together.  Hemericus vicecomes Castri-Eraudi, Ala uxor quondam Roberti filii Ernesii, et Robertus Malet" relinquished "castrum de Esseio" in return for "terram et redditus apud Escocheium" by charter dated to [1220][567]The family relationship between the three participants is explained in another charter dated to [1220] which records that Hemerico vicecomiti Castri-Eraudi, Alæ uxori Roberti Ernesii et Roberto Malet, Roberti comitis Alenconii heredibus" assigned property for "castri de Esseio"[568].  “Hemericus vicecomes Castri-Eraudi et Hela soror Roberti quondam comitis de Alencon et Robertus Malet" relinquished "forestam…Escoves et hayam de Ferraria et forestam de Chaumont et forestam de Ruppe-Heolydis, usque in Sarton…de dominio de Alenconio" by charter dated Jan 1220 (probably O.S.)[569]

b)         PHILIPPINE .  Vaultier records that "Philippine Fitz Erneiz, sœur et unique héritière de Robert VI" married "Philippe de Tournebu" in [1190][570]m ([1190]) PHILIPPE de Tournebu, son of ---. 

2.         EUDES FitzErneis (-before 1195).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Eudo filius Ernisi" held one knight’s fee from "Willelmi filii Alani" in Shropshire[571].  “Eudo filius Ernius et uxor mea Felitia filia Nicholai de Lunda” confirmed the donation of “ecclesiam de Croismara” to Jumièges made by “Guillelmus de Vuatevilla proavus uxoris mee” by charter dated to [1170][572].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Eudo filius Ernisii" with "servitium corporis sui" and two knights and parts in his own service[573].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "honor Piperelli de Londonia" paying "li milites et vi pars…in diversis comitatibus", of which "in perdonis…Eudoni filio Ernisii, xx s", in Essex, Hertfordshire[574].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Robertus f Ærnisi…pro habenda terra que fuit Eudonis f Ærnisi avunculi sui cuius heres ipse est" in Essex & Hertfordshire[575]m FELICE, daughter of NICHOLAS de la Londe & his wife ---.  “Eudo filius Ernius et uxor mea Felitia filia Nicholai de Lunda” confirmed the donation of “ecclesiam de Croismara” to Jumièges made by “Guillelmus de Vuatevilla proavus uxoris mee” by charter dated to [1170][576]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM FitzErneis (-1178).  The 1169/70 Pipe Roll records "Wills fil Ernisi" owing ".c. s p recto de tra aui sui, p pleg Thome fil Rob" in Yorkshire[577].  A charter dated 1217, under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by his predecessors (expanded version), confirms the donation of "supra Bellum-montem…septem acras terræ" made by "Willelmi de Villariis" for the soul of "Willelmi filii Erneisi"[578]m as her first husband, NICOLE de la Haye, daughter of RICHARD de la Haye & his wife Mathilde [de Vernon] (-Nov 1230).  She married secondly Gerard de Camville.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         daughter .  Her parentage is confirmed by the order dated 1200 under which "Rob de Meisy" paid a fine to marry "filia filie Nicolæ ux Gerarld de Canvill" who was in "custodia Willelmus de Bretvill" in Norfolk[579]m ---.  One child: 

i)          daughter .  "Rob de Meisy" paid a fine to marry "filia filie Nicolæ ux Gerarld de Canvill" who was in "custodia Willelmus de Bretvill" in Norfolk, dated 1200[580]m ROBERT de Meisy, daughter of ---. 

 

 

1.         OLIVER FitzErneis (-before 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that "Willelmus Longa Spada" granted knights’ fees in Essex, Hertfordshire to "Olyvero filio Ernisii", and after the death of the latter to "Eudo filius Ernisii mediatem Eudoni Patric", in [1210/12][581].  A charter dated 1217, under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by his predecessors (expanded version), confirms the donation of "in Anglia medietatem molendini de Hasfoiff" made by "Oliveri filii Erneisi"[582]

 

2.         EUDES FitzErneis (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that "Willelmus Longa Spada" granted knights’ fees in Essex, Hertfordshire to "Olyvero filio Ernisii", and after the death of the latter to "Eudo filius Ernisii mediatem Eudoni Patric", in [1210/12][583]

 

3.         RICHARD FitzErrneis .  "Ricardus filius Ernisii" donated land in Gloucester to Gloucester St Peter, with the consent of "Mabiliæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[584]m MABILE, daughter of ---.  "Ricardus filius Ernisii" donated land in Gloucester to Gloucester St Peter, with the consent of "Mabiliæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[585]

 

 

 

FITZGEROLD

 

 

1.         ROBERT FitzGerold (-after Dec 1141).  Domesday Book records land held by “Robert FitzGerald” in Oakley, Malshanger in Chuteley Hundred, Copnor in Portsdown Hundred, South Tidworth, Shipton Bellinger and Bossington in Broughton Hundred, South Tidworth in Andover Hundred, Sutton Scotney in Barton Hundred, Great Funtley in Titchfield Hundred, and Fordingbridge in Fordingbridge Hundred, in Hampshire, Brimpton in Thatcham Hundred and Inglewood in Kintbury Hundred in Berkshire, his land-holdings in Dorset[586].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt fil Gerardi" in Wiltshire[587].  King Stephen confirmed properties of Geoffrey Earl of Essex, including "…servicium Rob[erti] fil[ii] Gerold[i] pro xi militibus et servicium Rad[ulphi] fil[ii] Geroldi pro i milite…", by charter dated Christmas 1141[588]m ALICE, daughter of ---.  Dugdale summarises donations to Southwark priory, including the confirmation of the donation of “lands of Waleton” made by "Amicia de Tregoz, daughter of Robert Fitzgerald and Alice his wife, sister of Alexander, and wife first of Philip de Leyburn and then of John de Tregoz" and confirmed by "Robert de Leyborn [her son]"[589].  Robert & his wife had seven children (the order of birth of these children is uncertain): 

a)         WARIN FitzGerold (-1158).  Henry Duke of Normandy restored property to "Rodberto filio comitis Legrec…Rodberti comitis" held by "patris sui…sicut comes Rodbertus de Mellend avus suus…Willelmus de Britolio", and granted him the property of "Willelmus de Pasci in Anglia et in Normannia" by charter dated to [Jan/Aug] 1153, witnessed by "…Guarino filio Geraldi, Henrico duo fratre…"[590].  "…Guarino filio Geraldi, Henrico duo fratre…" witnessed the charter dated [Jan/Aug] 1153 under which Henry Duke of Normandy restored property to "Rodberto filio comitis Legrec…Rodberti comitis"[591].  “Robertus filius Sueni” donated "ecclesiam de Pritelwell" to Lewes priory, for the souls of "…aviæ meæ Beatricis", witnessed by "…Warino filio Geroldi…", recorded in a manuscript which recounts the founding of Prittlewell[592].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that King Henry II granted "honorem Eudonis Dapiferi" in Essex to "Warinus frater meus" in the certification by "Henricus filius Geroldi Camerarii", dated 1166[593]m as her first husband, ---, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her two marriages has not yet been identified.   She married secondly as his second wife, Geoffrey de Vere

b)         HENRY FitzGerold (-[1174/75]).  "…Guarino filio Geraldi, Henrico duo fratre…" witnessed the charter dated [Jan/Aug] 1153 under which Henry Duke of Normandy restored property to "Rodberto filio comitis Legrec…Rodberti comitis"[594].  Dugdale summarises donations to Southwark priory, including the donation of “Kingston Lisle” made by "Henry Fitzgerald, younger brother of Warin"[595].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name "Henricus filius Geroldi tenet Ecclesse meum manerium" among those providing knights for military service with "Walteri de Meduana" in Kent[596].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that King Henry II granted "honorem Eudonis Dapiferi" in Essex to "Warinus frater meus" in the certification by "Henricus filius Geroldi Camerarii", and lists among his knights "Ricardus filius Geroldi, i militem de Flectone…Alexander filius Geroldi i militem in Spereholt, Hugo filius Geroldi i militem in eadem villa…", dated 1166[597].  "Henricus filius Ger[oldi] Henrici regis camerarius" confirmed the donation of land "in Chedelintona" made to Eynsham abbey by "Ricardus filius Ger[oldi] frater meus" by charter dated to [1160/70][598].  “Henricus filius Geroldi camerarius regis” records that “Garinus filius Geroldi frater meus” before he died donated terram...in manerio de Suthune...” to Rochester by undated charter[599]m (before 1167) MATILDA de Chesney, daughter of --- (-before 1198).  Henry FitzGerold donated land in Sawbridgeworth, Herts to Reading abbey, naming "M. de Caisne uxori mee", by undated charter[600]Domesday Descendants says that she was heiress of William Chesney of Oxfordshire[601].  "Mathildis de Chaisnei" donated her part in "molendini de Clifton" to Eynsham abbey by charter dated to [1173/89][602].  "Mathildis de Cheisnei" donated "unam hidam terre in uilla de Haiforde", previously held by “Hamelinus frater Petri de Chaisnei”, to Eynsham abbey by charter dated to [1173/89][603].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 lists “Matillis de Kaineto”, with “ii filios; primogenitus est xviii annorum, alter xii” and “terra sua in Kameltone...vii libris annuatim[604].  Henry & his wife had two children: 

i)          WARIN FitzGerold ([1166/67]-after 14 Nov 1216).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 lists “Matillis de Kaineto”, with “ii filios; primogenitus est xviii annorum, alter xii” and “terra sua in Kameltone...vii libris annuatim[605].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Warinus filius Geroldi" paying "xl s, ii milites" in Kent and also in Essex, Hertfordshire[606].  "Guarinus son of Gerold chamberlain of the king of England" confirmed donations to Marmoutier made by “William junioris de Curceio” by charter dated to before 1206[607].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Garinus filius Geroldi" holding "Suvenhantone per serjanteriam Cameræ Regis et Crikelade" in Wiltshire, and i knight’s fee "de Harewode" in Yorkshire, in [1210/12][608].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Warinus filius Geroldi" held "Wtton…de baronia sua de Stok Curcy…in hundredo de Karenton" in Somerset[609].  m ALICE de Courcy, daughter of WILLIAM de Courcy & his wife Gundreda de Warenne.  Her family origin is confirmed by the undated charter under which her daughter Margareta de Redeveris” donated revenue from "manerio meo de Newenham…unde eisdem teneor de testamento Aliciæ de Churci matris meæ" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s by undated charter[610].  Her parentage is indicated more precisely by an order dated 6 Dec 1224 which required the confiscation of "the vill of Newnham that Gundrea de Warenne held in dower, which is an inheritance partible between Joan wife of Hugh de Neville, and Margaret wife of Falkes de Bréauté", with savings for "the executors of the testament of the same Gundrea"[611].  "Aaliz de Curceio wife of Warin son of Gerold chamberlain of the king of England" confirmed donations to Marmoutier made by her father by charter dated to [1200][612]Warin & his wife had two children: 

(a)       HENRY FitzWarin FitzGerold (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Henricus filius Gar[ini] filius Ger[oldi]" paying "liv l, liv milites" in Essex, Hertfordshire[613]

(b)       MARGARET (-before 29 Sep 1252, bur London, Church of the Grey Friars).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Ford Abbey records that “Baldwinum tertium”, son of ”Willielmum de Vernona”, married “Margareta filia et hærede Warini filii Geraldi[614].  The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records the marriage of "filiam…Guarini filii Giroldo", first betrothed to "Balduino filio Balduini comitis de Vecta insula", and "Falco [de Braute]"[615].  Henry III King of England granted "castrum de Plinton…de comitatu Devonie" to "Falkesie de Breaute et Margarete uxori sue" by way of "dotis ipsius Margarete…terra que fuit Baldewini filii ipsius comitis" dated [Mar] 1218[616].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Devon, dated 1219, which includes "Margeria que fuit uxor Baldewini filii comitis…maritata domino Falconi per Regem Johannem" holding "Colintun…in hundredo de Ha[rigg]"[617].  An order dated 6 Dec 1224 required the confiscation of "the vill of Newnham that Gundrea de Warenne held in dower, which is an inheritance partible between Joan wife of Hugh de Neville, and Margaret wife of Falkes de Bréauté", with savings for "the executors of the testament of the same Gundrea"[618].  "Margaret wife of Falkes de Bréauté" made a fine "for the debts that Falkes owed the king", dated 19 Feb 1225[619].  “Margareta de Redeveris” donated property to Clerkenwell priory, for the souls of “Baldewini filii mei primogeniti et aliorum puerorum meorum”, by undated charter which names “Aliciæ de Churci matris meæ[620].  This charter suggests that Margaret had children by her second marriage, although it is unclear why she did not use her second husband’s name in the document.  m firstly BALDWIN de Reviers, son of WILLIAM de Vernon [Reviers] Earl of Devon & his wife Mabile de Meulan (after 28 Apr 1200-1 Sep 1216).  m secondly (1216) FULK de Bréauté, son of ---.  "Falkes de Bréauté" owed a fine "for his relief of the lands formerly of Warin fitz Gerold, by reason of the daughter and heiress of Warin whom he has taken to wife", dated to [1217/18][621]

ii)         HENRY FitzGerold ([1173/74]-).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 lists “Matillis de Kaineto”, with “ii filios; primogenitus est xviii annorum, alter xii” and “terra sua in Kameltone...vii libris annuatim[622]The Complete Peerage shows “Henry FitzGerold d. circa 1231” as the younger son of Henry FitzGerold in a table[623]m ERMENTRUDE Talbot, daughter of ---.  The Complete Peerage shows “Ermentrude Talbot” as the wife of Henry FitzGerold in a table[624].  Henry & his wife had three children: 

(a)       WILLIAM FitzGerold .  “Henry fil Geroldi” granted land “in Mundeford” [Norfolk] to “Robert de Insula in marriage with Alice his daughter” by charter dated to the early years of the reign of King Henry III, witnessed by “...William fil Geroldi fil Henrici fil Geroldi[625]

(b)       WARIN FitzGerold .  “Gwarin fil Geroldi” confirmed a grant of land made by “his father Henry fil Geroldi” to “Symon fil Ricardi de Stivintun” by charter dated to the reign of King Henry III[626]

(c)       ALICE .  “Henry fil Geroldi” granted land “in Mundeford” [Norfolk] to “Robert de Insula in marriage with Alice his daughter” by charter dated to the early years of the reign of King Henry III, witnessed by “...William fil Geroldi fil Henrici fil Geroldi[627]m ROBERT de Lisle, son of ROBERT de Lisle & his wife Sarah de Aunus (-[1262]).  The Complete Peerage shows “Robert de Lisle d. ? 1262” as the son of “Robert de Insula” and “Sarah de Aunus” in a table, which also shows eleven generations of his descendants[628]

c)         ALEXANDER FitzGerold (-1178).  Dugdale summarises donations to Southwark priory, including the donation of “cheese at Badleking in the manor of Kingston Lisle in Berkshire” made by "Alexander Fitzgerald" and confirmed by "Alice de Rumeley, wife of Alexander"[629].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that King Henry II granted "honorem Eudonis Dapiferi" in Essex to "Warinus frater meus" in the certification by "Henricus filius Geroldi Camerarii", and lists among his knights "Ricardus filius Geroldi, i militem de Flectone…Alexander filius Geroldi i militem in Spereholt, Hugo filius Geroldi i militem in eadem villa…", dated 1166[630]m (before 1156) as her second husband, ALICE de Rumilly Lady of Skipton, widow of WILLIAM FitzDuncan, daughter of WILLIAM "le Meschin" Lord of Copeland & his wife Cecily de Rumilly Lady of Skipton.  A manuscript genealogy of William de Forz Comte d’Aumâle names “Aliciam de Rumeleya” as daughter of “Willielmus de Mechines primus hæres de Sciptun in Craven”, adding that she married “Willielmo filio Duncan” and was buried “apud Fontes[631].  A different version of her parentage is provided by the Cronicon Cumbriæ which records that “Willielmus”, son of “Doncani comes de Murrayse”, married “Aliciam filiam Roberti de Romeney, domini de Skipton in Craven” and his wife “filiam Willielmi de Meschinis domini de Coupland[632].  Lady of Skipton.  “Willielmus filius Dunecani nepos regis Scotiæ…et Aeliz de Rumeili uxor mea” confirmed donations of property to Bolton Priory by undated charter[633].  “Aaliz de Rumelli” donated property to Pontefract Priory, with the consent of “Willielmi filii mei”, for the soul of “domini mei Willielmi filii Dunecani”, by undated charter[634].  Dugdale summarises donations to Southwark priory, including the donation of “cheese at Badleking in the manor of Kingston Lisle in Berkshire” made by "Alexander Fitzgerald" and confirmed by "Alice de Rumeley, wife of Alexander"[635]

d)         RICHARD FitzGerold (-after 1166).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that King Henry II granted "honorem Eudonis Dapiferi" in Essex to "Warinus frater meus" in the certification by "Henricus filius Geroldi Camerarii", and lists among his knights "Ricardus filius Geroldi, i militem de Flectone…Alexander filius Geroldi i militem in Spereholt, Hugo filius Geroldi i militem in eadem villa…", dated 1166[636].  "Henricus filius Ger[oldi] Henrici regis camerarius" confirmed the donation of land "in Chedelintona" made to Eynsham abbey by "Ricardus filius Ger[oldi] frater meus" by charter dated to [1160/70][637]

e)         RALPH FitzGerold (-before 1180).  King Stephen confirmed properties of Geoffrey Earl of Essex, including "…servicium Rob[erti] fil[ii] Gerold[i] pro xi militibus et servicium Rad[ulphi] fil[ii] Geroldi pro i milite…", by charter dated Christmas 1141[638].  Domesday Descendants notes that Alexander FitzGerold donated property to Southwark priory for the soul of his brother Ralph[639]m MURIEL, daughter of ---.  Domesday Descendants notes that Ralph FitzGerold donated a mill at Toppesfield to the Hospitallers by charter dated to [1154], witnessed by his wife Muriel[640]

f)          HUGH FitzGerold (-after 1166).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that King Henry II granted "honorem Eudonis Dapiferi" in Essex to "Warinus frater meus" in the certification by "Henricus filius Geroldi Camerarii", and lists among his knights "Ricardus filius Geroldi, i militem de Flectone…Alexander filius Geroldi i militem in Spereholt, Hugo filius Geroldi i militem in eadem villa…", dated 1166[641].  The document does not specify that Hugh was the brother of Warin and Henry but this appears likely. 

g)         AMICE .  Dugdale summarises donations to Southwark priory, including the confirmation of the donation of “lands of Waleton” made by "Amicia de Tregoz, daughter of Robert Fitzgerald and Alice his wife, sister of Alexander, and wife first of Philip de Leyburn and then of John de Tregoz" and confirmed by "Robert de Leyborn [her son]"[642]m firstly PHILIP de Leyburn, son of ---.  m secondly JOHN de Tresgoz, son of --- (-[1194]). 

 

 

 

FITZREINFRID

 

 

1.         REINFRIDm ---.  The name of Reinfrid’s wife is not known.  Reinfrid & his wife had one child: 

a)         FULK FitzReinfridm ---.  The name of Fulk’s wife is not known.  Fulk & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT FitzFulk (-[1144/50]).  “Willelmus de Archis” granted land, held by “dominus R[obertus] Fulconis filius...in Hametona et in Chirchby”, to “domino Helye de Hou cognato meo”, with the consent of “domine Juete uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1140/47][643]m as her first husband, ALICE de Saint-Quintin, daughter of HERBERT de Saint-Quintin & his second wife Agnes de Arches.  “Adheliz de Sancto Quintino et Robertus filius et heres suus” donated property to the nuns of Appleton, for the soul of “Roberti filii Fulconis”, by charter dated to [1144/50], witnessed by “...Gilleberto filio Fulconis, Gilleberto de Archis...Agneta filia eiusdem domine de Sancto Quintino...[644].  She married secondly Eustache de Merck.  “Eustacius de Merc et Adheliz de Sancto Quintino sponsa mea” donated property to Appleton, with the consent of “heredibus nostris...Roberto et Willelmo”, by charter dated to [1163], witnessed by “...Willelmo filio Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Henrico nepote Eustacii...Agnete filia Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Willelmo fratre Eustacii[645].  “Eustachius de Merch” donated property to Covenham, with the consent of “Aeliz de Sancto Quintino uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1150/70], witnessed by “...Willelmo senescalda et Waltero fratre eius militibus...domina Aeliz de Sancto Quintino, Agnete, Dionisia, Sibilla filiabus eius, Agnete et Aeliz neptibus eius[646].  Robert & his wife had seven children: 

(1)       ROBERT FitzRobert .  “Adheliz de Sancto Quintino et Robertus filius et heres suus” donated property to the nuns of Appleton, for the soul of “Roberti filii Fulconis”, by charter dated to [1144/50], witnessed by “...Gilleberto filio Fulconis, Gilleberto de Archis...Agneta filia eiusdem domine de Sancto Quintino...[647].  Dapifer of William de Percy.  “Eustacius de Merc et Adheliz de Sancto Quintino sponsa mea” donated property to Appleton, with the consent of “heredibus nostris...Roberto et Willelmo”, by charter dated to [1163], witnessed by “...Willelmo filio Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Henrico nepote Eustacii...Agnete filia Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Willelmo fratre Eustacii[648].  An undated charter records donations to Appleton, including those made by “Roberti filii Roberti filii Fulconis et filie...Alicie in villa de Immingeham”, by “Roberti dapiferi et Roeisie comitisse uxoris sue ecclesiam de Northalkinton...[649]m ([1157/63][650]) as her second husband, ROHESE de Clare, widow of GILBERT de Gand Earl of Lincoln, daughter of RICHARD FitzGilbert de Clare & his wife Agnes [Alicia] of Chester.  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Gilbertus”, son of “Walterus”, married “Roesiam comitissam Lincolniæ”, adding that she married secondly "Roberto dapifero" by whom she was mother of "Roesia de Bulington nupta Simoni de Kyma"[651].  An undated charter records donations to Appleton, including those made by “Roberti filii Roberti filii Fulconis et filie...Alicie in villa de Immingeham”, by “Roberti dapiferi et Roeisie comitisse uxoris sue ecclesiam de Northalkinton...[652].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

(a)       MARGARET (-after 1189).  An undated charter records donations to Appleton, including those made by “Willelmi de Kima...in territorio de Eskinton...quas Robertus dapifer pater Margarete uxoris sue eis in obitu suo dimisit[653]m WILLIAM de Kyme, son of PHILIP de Kyme & his wife Hawise --- (-[1160/70]).

(b)       ROHESE (-after 1220).  “Philippus de Kima, filius domini Simonis de Kima” confirmed donations to Bullington priory, Lincolnshire by "quondam Philippi avi mei", for the soul of “…matris meæ Roissiæ”, by undated charter[654].  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Gilbertus”, son of “Walterus”, married “Roesiam comitissam Lincolniæ”, adding that she married secondly "Roberto dapifero" by whom she was mother of "Roesia de Bulington nupta Simoni de Kyma"[655].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1219, by "Simon de Kima et Roesia uxor eius" against "Hugonem de Lay"[656].  "Rose who was the wife of Simon of Kyme" paid a fine "for summoning William of Kyme" to appear to "render her a knight’s fee…in Elkington and Caletoft", dated [May] 1220[657].  m SIMON de Kyme, son of PHILIP de Kyme & his wife Hawise --- (-1220). 

(2)       WILLIAM FitzRobert of Immingham .  “Eustacius de Merc et Adheliz de Sancto Quintino sponsa mea” donated property to Appleton, with the consent of “heredibus nostris...Roberto et Willelmo”, by charter dated to [1163], witnessed by “...Willelmo filio Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Henrico nepote Eustacii...Agnete filia Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Willelmo fratre Eustacii[658]

(3)       WALTER FitzRobertDomesday Descendants names Walter as another son of Robert FitzFulk FitzRainfrid and his wife Alice de St Quintin, adding that he died without issue[659]

(4)       HENRY FitzRobertDomesday Descendants names Henry as another son of Robert FitzFulk FitzRainfrid and his wife Alice de St Quintin, adding that he died without issue[660]

(5)       AGNES .  “Adheliz de Sancto Quintino et Robertus filius et heres suus” donated property to the nuns of Appleton, for the soul of “Roberti filii Fulconis”, by charter dated to [1144/50], witnessed by “...Gilleberto filio Fulconis, Gilleberto de Archis...Agneta filia eiusdem domine de Sancto Quintino...[661].  “Eustachius de Merch” donated property to Covenham, with the consent of “Aeliz de Sancto Quintino uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1150/70], witnessed by “...Willelmo senescalda et Waltero fratre eius militibus...domina Aeliz de Sancto Quintino, Agnete, Dionisia, Sibilla filiabus eius, Agnete et Aeliz neptibus eius[662].  “Eustacius de Merc et Adheliz de Sancto Quintino sponsa mea” donated property to Appleton, with the consent of “heredibus nostris...Roberto et Willelmo”, by charter dated to [1163], witnessed by “...Willelmo filio Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Henrico nepote Eustacii...Agnete filia Adeliz de Sancto Quintino, Willelmo fratre Eustacii[663]

(6)       DENISE .  “Eustachius de Merch” donated property to Covenham, with the consent of “Aeliz de Sancto Quintino uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1150/70], witnessed by “...Willelmo senescalda et Waltero fratre eius militibus...domina Aeliz de Sancto Quintino, Agnete, Dionisia, Sibilla filiabus eius, Agnete et Aeliz neptibus eius[664]

(7)       SIBYLLA .  “Eustachius de Merch” donated property to Covenham, with the consent of “Aeliz de Sancto Quintino uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1150/70], witnessed by “...Willelmo senescalda et Waltero fratre eius militibus...domina Aeliz de Sancto Quintino, Agnete, Dionisia, Sibilla filiabus eius, Agnete et Aeliz neptibus eius[665].  She adopted the name Percy. 

 

 

 

FITZRICHARD

 

 

No trace has been found in sources in Normandy of "Scrob" whose son Richard is shown below.  The name of Richard’s son Osbern suggests that the family was of Viking origin. 

 

 

1.         RICHARD FitzScrob (-[1067/85]).  Florence of Worcester records that "Rotbertum diaconem et generum eius Ricardum filium Scrob, Ælfredum regis stratorem, Anfridum cognomento Ceocesfot" were allowed to remain in England when Earl Godwin expelled the Normans in [1052][666].  "…Richard Scrob…" witnessed the charter dated 1067 under which William I King of England donated the vill of Cullacliffe to Wulfstan Bishop of Worcester[667].  Domesday records that Richard Scrob/Scrupe held four manors in Worcestershire, Burford in Shropshire, and a manor in Herefordshire during the time of King Edward[668].  Florence of Worcester records that "Herefordenses castellani et Richardus filius Scrob" resisted "Edrcus cognomento Silvaticus filius Ælfrici, fratris Edrici Streonæ…et Richardus filius Scrob" in [1067][669]m ---, daughter of ROBERT “the Deacon” & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by Florence of Worcester who records that "Rotbertum diaconem et generum eius Ricardum filium Scrob, Ælfredum regis stratorem, Anfridum cognomento Ceocesfot" were allowed to remain in England when Earl Godwin expelled the Normans in [1052][670].  Richard & his wife had one child: 

a)         OSBERN FitzRichard (-after [1087/88]).  Domesday Book records “Osbern fitzRichard Scrob” holding numerous properties in Worcestershire; several properties in Herefordshire; land in Easton, Riseley, Keysoe and Elvedon in Bedfordshire; several places in Shropshire[671].  Orderic Vitalis records that “Osbernus, Ricardi cognomento Scrop filius et Bernardus de Nov Mercato gener eius” committed excesses “in territorio Wigornensi”, dated to [1087/88] from the context[672]m NESTA, daughter of GRUFFYDD ap Llywellyn Prince of Gwynedd and Powys & his second wife Ealdgyth of Mercia.  Orderic Vitalis names "Nest" as the daughter of "Edwinus…et Morcarus comites, filii Algari…Edgivam sororem eorum" and her first husband "Gritfridi…regis Guallorum"[673].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   "Hugo filius Osberti" donated a saltpan at Droitwich to the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory, for the souls of "patris mei Osberti et matris mee Nest", by charter dated to [early 12th century][674].  Osbern & his wife had three children: 

i)          HUGH FitzOsbern (-before 1140)"Osbernus filius Pontii" donated piscatoriam…in villam…Longaneia et ecclesiam" to Pershore monastery, Worcestershire, for "filio meo Radulfo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone filio Osberni filii Ricardi et Turstino fratre eius…"[675]

-         see below

ii)         THURSTAN"Osbernus filius Pontii" donated piscatoriam…in villam…Longaneia et ecclesiam" to Pershore monastery, Worcestershire, for "filio meo Radulfo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone filio Osberni filii Ricardi et Turstino fratre eius…"[676]

iii)        NESTA [Agnes] .  A manuscript narrating the history of Brecknock priory records that the founder “Bernard de Nefmarche, Norman” married “Neste qe fut apele Agnes, la file Griffin le fiz Lewelin…cruel tyrant de Gales[677], although this skips a generation.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records that “Osbernus, Ricardi cognomento Scrop filius et Bernardus de Nov Mercato gener eius” committed excesses “in territorio Wigornensi”, dated to [1087/88] from the context[678].  The Historia fundationis cum fundatoris genealogia of the priory of Abergavenny names “Sibillam, legitimam hæredem totius terræ Breconiæ…Bernardi et Agnetis de Novo-Mercato” as parents of “Sibillam, legitimam hæredem totius terræ Breconiæ” who married “Milonem[679].  The Chronicle of Battle Abbey records that "Bernardus cognomento de Novo Mercato…uxor Agnes" donated property in Brecknock to Battle abbey[680]m BERNARD de Neufmarché, son of GEOFFROY de Neufmarché & his wife Ada --- (-1125).  “Bernardus de Novo-mercato” donated property to Breckon priory, for the soul of “Philippi filii mei”, by charter dated to the reign of King Henry I[681].  Florence of Worcester records that "Beornardus de Novo Mercatu, Rogerius de Laceio…Rawlfus de Mortuo Mari…cum hominibus comitis Rogeri de Scrobbesbyria" threatened Worcester with an army of Normans and Welsh, dated to [1088][682]

 

 

HUGH FitzOsbern, son of OSBERN FitzRichard & his wife Nesta of Wales (-before 1140)"Osbernus filius Pontii" donated piscatoriam…in villam…Longaneia et ecclesiam" to Pershore monastery, Worcestershire, for "filio meo Radulfo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone filio Osberni filii Ricardi et Turstino fratre eius…"[683].  "Hugo filius Osberti" donated a saltpan at Droitwich to the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory, for the souls of "patris mei Osberti et matris mee Nest", by charter dated to [early 12th century][684]

m EUSTACHIA de Say, daughter of ---.  "Osbertus filius Hugonis et mater eius Eustachia" notified that the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory had agreed a cemetery at Cotheridge by charter dated to [1140][685].  An undated charter of Henry II King of England records the foundation of Westwood priory, Worcestershire by “Osbertus filius Hugonis et Eustachia de Say mater sua”, witnessed by “Ricardo de Lucy…Bernardo de S. Walerico, Willielmo de Bello-campo[686]

Hugh & his wife had two children:  

1.         OSBERN FitzHugh (-after Aug 1180).  "Osbertus filius Hugonis et mater eius Eustachia" notified that the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory had agreed a cemetery at Cotheridge by charter dated to [1140][687].  An undated charter of Henry II King of England records the foundation of Westwood priory, Worcestershire by “Osbertus filius Hugonis et Eustachia de Say mater sua”, witnessed by “Ricardo de Lucy…Bernardo de S. Walerico, Willielmo de Bello-campo[688].  “…Waltero de Clifford…Osberto filio Hugonis, Willielmo de Bealchamp…” witnessed the undated charter, dated to [1155], which records the donation by “Rogerus comes Herefordiæ” to Brecknock priory[689].  “Osbertus filius Hugonis” donated property to Godstow nunnery in Oxfordshire, at the request of “domini Walteri de Clifford” for the souls of "uxoris suæ Margaretæ et…Rosamundæ filiæ suæ", with the consent of "Hugonis fratris mei", by undated charter witnessed by "Waltero de Clifford, Ricardo filio suo et Lucia filia sua, Willielmo de Hetona"[690].  “Walterus de Clifford” donated property to Godstow nunnery in Oxfordshire, for the souls of "uxoris meæ Margaretæ de Clifford et filiæ nostræ Rosamundæ", by undated charter witnessed by "Osbertus filius Hugonis, Hugo de Sey…"[691].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Osbertus filius Hugonis xxiii m" in Hereford in [1167/68][692].  "Osbertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the settlement of his dispute with the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory concerning the boundaries of their woods at Cornwood by charter dated to [1170], witnessed by "Hugone de Sai fratre meo…"[693].  "Osbern fitz Hugh" donated a virgate at Richard’s Castle to Haughmond Abbey by charter dated to [1172/85], witnessed by "Walter de Clifford, Walter his son, Hugh de Say and Lucie his wife"[694].  "Osbern de Say and…his brother Hugh" confirmed a charter of Baldwin Bishop of Worcester, dated to after Aug 1180[695]m [AMICE, daughter of WALTER de Clifford & his wife ---.  Eyton records that "from good but unvouched authority" Osbern FitzHugh married "Amicia daughter of Walter de Clifford"[696].] 

2.         HUGH de Say (-1190).  “Osbertus filius Hugonis” donated property to Godstow nunnery in Oxfordshire, at the request of “domini Walteri de Clifford” for the souls of "uxoris suæ Margaretæ et…Rosamundæ filiæ suæ", with the consent of "Hugonis fratris mei", by undated charter[697].  “Walterus de Clifford” donated property to Godstow nunnery in Oxfordshire, for the souls of "uxoris meæ Margaretæ de Clifford et filiæ nostræ Rosamundæ", by undated charter witnessed by "Osbertus filius Hugonis, Hugo de Sey…"[698].  "Osbertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the settlement of his dispute with the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory concerning the boundaries of their woods at Cornwood by charter dated to [1170], witnessed by "Hugone de Sai fratre meo…"[699].  "Osbern de Say and…his brother Hugh" confirmed a charter of Baldwin Bishop of Worcester, dated to after Aug 1180[700]

-        SAY.  

 

 

 

FITZSWEIN

 

 

1.         AILRICm ---.  The name of Ailric’s wife is not known.  Ailric & his wife had one child: 

a)         SWEIN .  "Swanus filius Ailrich" donated land and "capellam de Calthorn" to "ecclesiam de Silkistuna" by undated charter[701]m ---.  The name of Swein’s wife is not known.  Swein & his wife had three children: 

i)          ADAM FitzSwein (-1159).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Adam fil Sueini" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[702].  "Adam filius Suwani" confirmed the donation to St Bees made by "Mahald uxor Godardi" by undated charter[703].  "Adam filius Suani" confirmed "ecclesiam de Silkistuna" to Pontefract by undated charter, dated to [1154], witnessed by "…Henrico fratre meo…"[704].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of “heremum S. Andreæ” by “Adam filius Suani[705].  "Adam filius Suani" confirmed the foundation of "sancte Marie Magdalene de Lunda" by undated charter, dated to [1158][706].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "hæredes Adæ filii Swein" held one knight’s fee "de feodo de Sciptone" in Yorkshire[707].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Rogerus de Monte Begonis, Simon filius Walteri, Alexander de Nevill" held land which was from "Willelmi de Nevill" in Cumberland, which King Henry I had granted to "Ade filio Swein, antecessori predictorum"[708].  m ---.  The name of Adam’s wife is not known.  Adam & his wife had two children: 

(a)       AMABEL .  Her parentage and first marriage are indicated by the undated charter under which [her husband] “Alexander de Creuequer” donated "molendinum meum de Culgait" to Wetherhal priory[709] and another undated charter [her supposed father] “Adam filius Suani” also donated "molendinum meum de Culgait" to Wetherhal[710].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Rogerus de Monte Begonis, Simon filius Walteri, Alexander de Nevill" held land which was from "Willelmi de Nevill" in Cumberland, which King Henry I had granted to "Ade filio Swein, antecessori predictorum"[711].  m firstly [as his second wife,] ALEXANDER de Crèvecœur, son of RENAUD de Crèvecœur & his wife Matilda --- (-before 1204).  m secondly WILLIAM de Neville, son of --- (-after 1212). 

(b)       MATILDA .  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Rogerus de Monte Begonis, Simon filius Walteri, Alexander de Nevill" held land which was from "Willelmi de Nevill" in Cumberland, which King Henry I had granted to "Ade filio Swein, antecessori predictorum"[712].  m firstly ADAM de Montbegon, son of --- (-[1171]).  “Adam de Mundegame” donated "molendinum de Culgaid" to Wetherhal priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Symone de Cruaqr…"[713].  “Alexander de Creuequer” donated land "in Culgait" to Wetherhal priory by undated charter, witnessed by "Adam de Mortegeg, Warino, Symone de Creuequer…"[714].  "R[oberti]. de Monte Begonis" confirmed possessions of "ecclesiam de Silkestona" as donated by "A. filio Suani" by undated charter, dated to before 1197[715]m secondly GERARD de Glanville, son of ---. 

ii)         HENRY FitzSwein (-after [1154]).  "Adam filius Suani" confirmed "ecclesiam de Silkistuna" to Pontefract by undated charter, dated to [1154], witnessed by "…Henrico fratre meo…"[716].  “Adam filius Suani” donated "molendinum meum de Culgait" to Wetherhal by undated charter witnessed by "…Henrico fratre meo…"[717]

iii)        RICHARD FitzSwein (-after [1180]).  "Ricardus filius Swani" granted concessions to the monks of Pontefract relating to "prato de Wixstalker" to "ecclesiam de Silkistuna" by undated charter[718].  "Ricardus filius Swani" confirmed the grant of "pratum de Wixstalker in villa de Swinlingtona" to "Willelmo filio Hervei" by undated charter, dated to [1180][719]

 

 

1.         KETEL FitzSwein (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Chetello fil Sueini" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[720]

 

2.         GEOFFREY FitzSwein (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Galfridus filius Swein" held one knight’s fee and parts from "Stephani de Scalariis" in Cambridgeshire[721].

 

 

1.         ALAN FitzSwein .  A charter dated to the late 12th century records an agreement between the priory of Bullington in Lincolnshire and "Ala[num] filium Swani de Lincolnia" relating to land in the parish of St Bavon, sealed by "Alani filii Svani"[722]m --- Bussel, daughter of WARIN Bussel & his wife ---.  The Testa de Nevill includes an inquisition concerning Lancaster dated 1212 which records that "Ricardus Bussel" granted land "in Gunnolvesmores" to "Alano filio Swani cum sorore sua"[723].  "Ricardus Busel" confirmed the donations made by "pater meus Warinus" to Evesham abbey by charter dated to [1153/60], witnessed by "…Sibilla et Matilde sororibus meis"[724].

 

 

1.         ROBERT FitzSwein of Northampton .  “Robertus filius Sueni” donated "ecclesiam de Pritelwell" to Lewes priory, for the souls of "…aviæ meæ Beatricis", witnessed by "…Warino filio Geroldi…", recorded in a manuscript which recounts the founding of Prittlewell[725].  “Robertus filius Sewini de Norhamton” donated land "in Hangre de Toteham quam Malculumb rex Scotiæ dedit mihi" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone filio meo, Edwardo Albo, Willielmo clerico nepote Roberti filii Sewini…"[726]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGH (-before 1194).  “Robertus filius Sewini de Norhamton” donated land "in Hangre de Toteham quam Malculumb rex Scotiæ dedit mihi" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone filio meo, Edwardo Albo, Willielmo clerico nepote Roberti filii Sewini…"[727].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Hugoni filio Roberti filii Sewini" in Northamptonshire[728]m ---.  The name of Hugh’s wife is not known.  Hugh & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT .  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Roberto f Hugonis f Roberti f Sewin…in Uppeton de dimidio anno" in Northamptonshire[729]

 

 

 

FITZURSE

 

 

The name Urse was used in the Abitot family.  Any connection with the individuals shown below has not been traced. 

 

 

1.         RALPH FitzUrse"Ralf fitz Urse" witnessed the charter dated to [1087/97] under which William II King of England confirmed the holding of the abbey of St Edmund[730]. 

 

2.         RICHARD FitzUrse (-after 1100)m as her first husband, ---, widow of RICHARD Engaine, daughter of ---.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "F[ulconis] de Lisuris" in Northamptonshire, referring to land which "Ricardus Engaine avus meus" gave to "ultimæ uxori suæ in dotem, scilicet uxori Ricardi filii Ursi"[731]

 

 

1.         RICHARD FitzUrse (-after 1166).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Ric fil Urson" in Wiltshire (two entries), Huntingdonshire, and Surrey[732].  "Ric fil Ursi" witnessed the charter dated to [1139/40] under which King Stephen granted land in Kingerby, Osgodby and Owersby, Lincolnshire to William Earl of Lincoln[733].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Ricardus filius Vrsi" used to hold one and one half knights’ fees from the abbot of Glastonbury in Somerset "tempore Regis Henrici" (presumably indicating King Henry I) now held by "Reginaldus filius eius"[734]m MATILDA de Boulers, daughter of BALDWIN de Boulers & his first wife Sibylle de Falaise.  A plea at Westminster, dating to the ninth year of Henry III King of England [1226], records that "Vitalis Engaing" claimed land "in honore de Mungumery" which "Dominus Rex H, senex" had given "in maritagium Baldewino de Bollers cum Sibilla de Faleise, nepte ipsius H regis", and that "eadem Sibilla" had "unam filiam Matillidem de ipso Baldewino" who "dominus Rex" gave to "Ricardo filio Ursie" who by her had "unum filium et duas filias…Reginaldum filium Ursi et Margeriam primogenitam et Mabiliam"[735].  Richard & his wife had three children: 

a)         REYNOLD FitzUrse (-[1171/75]).  A plea at Westminster, dating to the ninth year of Henry III King of England [1226], records that "Vitalis Engaing" claimed land "in honore de Mungumery" which "Dominus Rex H, senex" had given "in maritagium Baldewino de Bollers cum Sibilla de Faleise, nepte ipsius H regis", and that "eadem Sibilla" had "unam filiam Matillidem de ipso Baldewino" who "dominus Rex" gave to "Ricardo filio Ursie" who by her had "unum filium et duas filias…Reginaldum filium Ursi et Margeriam primogenitam et Mabiliam"[736].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Ricardus filius Vrsi" used to hold one and one half knights’ fees from the abbot of Glastonbury in Somerset "tempore Regis Henrici" (presumably indicating King Henry I) now held by "Reginaldus filius eius"[737].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Reginaldus filius Ursy xl s et xxvii d" in Northamptonshire in [1167/68][738].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Reginaldus filius Ursi lxxiii s iv d" in Northamptonshire in [1171/72][739].  Ralph de Diceto’s Ymagines Historiarum record that “Willelmus de Traci, Reginaldus filius Ursi, Hugo de Morevilla, Ricardus Brito” murdered the archbishop at Canterbury in 1171 and relate the subsequent events in detail[740]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "militum…Richardus Brito, Hugo de Morevilla, Renaldus Ursus et Guillelmus de Traci" as the murderers of Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury[741]m BEATRICE de Limesey, daughter of GEOFFREY de Limesey & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a claim dated 1220, recorded by Bracton, by "Vitalis Engaun et Rogerus Gernet" against "Willelmum de Cantelupo et Maziliam uxorem eius" which recites that "Gaufridus de Limeseia" had "unum filium Walterum…et duas filias Beatriciam et Matillidem", that Beatrice married "Reginaldus"[742].  Reynold & his wife had one child: 

i)          MATILDA (-before 1195).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a claim dated 1220, recorded by Bracton, by "Vitalis Engaun et Rogerus Gernet" against "Willelmum de Cantelupo et Maziliam uxorem eius" which recites that "Ricardus filius Ursy antecessor eorum" had "unum filium…Reginaldum et duas filias Margeriam et Mabiliam", that Reynold had "unam filiam…Matillidem…[qui] habuit unum filium Willelmum de Curtenay qui obiit…tempore Regis J…sine herede corpore suo"[743].  The 1174/75 Pipe Roll records “Robto de Curtenai” in the fee of “Regin fil Ursi” (father of his first wife, which helps to date their marriage) in Northamptonshire[744]m ([1174/75] or before) as his first wife, ROBERT de Courtenay Lord of Sutton, Berkshire, Sheriff of Cumberland, son of RENAUD Seigneur de Courtenay & his second wife Hawise d’Avranches (-[1207/09]). 

b)         MARGERY ([1134/35]-after 1185).  A plea at Westminster, dating to the ninth year of Henry III King of England [1226], records that "Vitalis Engaing" claimed land "in honore de Mungumery" which "Dominus Rex H, senex" had given "in maritagium Baldewino de Bollers cum Sibilla de Faleise, nepte ipsius H regis", and that "eadem Sibilla" had "unam filiam Matillidem de ipso Baldewino" who "dominus Rex" gave to "Ricardo filio Ursie" who by her had "unum filium et duas filias…Reginaldum filium Ursi et Margeriam primogenitam et Mabiliam"[745].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Margareta Engaine”, that she was "in donatione Domini Regis intra hos viii annos", that she had married “Galfridus Brito”, her land in "hundredum de Wilebroc" in Northamptonshire, and also in "Cleile hundredum", the entry for the latter recording that she was "L annorum…filia Ricardi filii Ursi" and naming her heir "Ricardus Engaine"[746].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a claim dated 1220, recorded by Bracton, by "Vitalis Engaun et Rogerus Gernet" against "Willelmum de Cantelupo et Maziliam uxorem eius" which recites that "Ricardus filius Ursy antecessor eorum" had "unum filium…Reginaldum et duas filias Margeriam et Mabiliam", that Margery was "avie ipsius Vitalis"[747]m firstly RICHARD [II] Engaine, son of VITALIS [I] Engaine & his wife --- de Lisours (-before 1177).  m secondly GEOFFREY Brito, son of ---. 

c)         MABEL .  A plea at Westminster, dating to the ninth year of Henry III King of England [1226], records that "Vitalis Engaing" claimed land "in honore de Mungumery" which "Dominus Rex H, senex" had given "in maritagium Baldewino de Bollers cum Sibilla de Faleise, nepte ipsius H regis", and that "eadem Sibilla" had "unam filiam Matillidem de ipso Baldewino" who "dominus Rex" gave to "Ricardo filio Ursie" who by her had "unum filium et duas filias…Reginaldum filium Ursi et Margeriam primogenitam et Mabiliam"[748].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a claim dated 1220, recorded by Bracton, by "Vitalis Engaun et Rogerus Gernet" against "Willelmum de Cantelupo et Maziliam uxorem eius" which recites that "Ricardus filius Ursy antecessor eorum" had "unum filium…Reginaldum et duas filias Margeriam et Mabiliam", that Mabel was "matri ipsius Rogeri"[749]m --- Gernet, son of ---.

 

 

1.         HENRY FitzUrse (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Henricus filius Ursi" held one knight’s fee from "comitis Patricii" in Wiltshire[750]

 

 

 

FITZWALTER (of Caen)

 

 

 

The precise parentage of Robert FitzWalter has not been identified.  His naming his son Simon suggests that he may have been related to the family of Robert FitzWalter of Woodham Walter (see Part A above) in which the name Simon also appears.  Robert FitzWalter’s son Simon was referred to as “Simon de Chesney” in one charter (see below).  Another possibility is therefore that Robert FitzWalter de Caen was the same person as Robert FitzWalter of Horsford, whose children adopted the name Chesney after their mother’s family (see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY – CHESNEY of HORSFORD). 

 

 

1.         ROBERT FitzWalter of Caen .  "Robertus filius Walteri et Avelina uxor sua" donated "ecclesiam de Northona" to Gloucester St Peter by undated charter[751].  A family connection between Robert FitzWalter and the Giffard family of Gloucestershire is suggested by the undated charter under which "Walterus Giffardus" granted land "in Ullingwike", including part "quæ fuit Roberti filii Walterii", to "Gilberto Giffardo fratri meo"[752]m firstly as her second husband, ADELINE [Aveline], widow of ALAIN FitzFlaald, daughter of ARNOUL de Hesdin [en Picardie] & his wife Emmeline --- (-after 1126).  “Alanus filius Flaaldi et Adelina uxor mea” donated property to Castle Acre Priory by undated charter[753].  Her parentage is confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records that Ernulf de Hesdin was avunculus of "William fitz Alan castellan and vicecomes of Shrewsbury"[754].  It is assumed that her [first] marriage took place early in the reign of Henry I King of England, who sponsored her husband’s rise to prominence in England as shown by the king’s charters in which he is named.  Eyton states that Dugdale intimates that "Dame Adeliza" who donated land at Wolston to Burton abbey, by charter dated to before 1114, was Alan FitzFlaad’s widow and the mother of "Sibil" who with her husband Roger de Freville confirmed her mother’s donation by charter dated 1132[755].  Henry I King of England confirmed an agreement between the bishop of Norwich and "Avelinam de Hesding" concerning "terra de Ettona" by charter dated to [1121/27][756].  A charter of Henry II King of England, dated 1176, recites donations to Haughmond abbey including that of "Willielmus filius Alani" of "terram de Piperinges" previously enjoyed by "Aveline matris ipsius Willielmi filius Alani"[757].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Robertus filius Walteri et Avelina uxor eius" donated "ecclesiam de Nortone", as previously donated by "Elmelina mater Avelinæ ante plures annos"[758].  "Robertus filius Walteri et Avelina uxor sua" donated "ecclesiam de Northona" to Gloucester St Peter by undated charter[759].  “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro” donated “Stoches...manerium meum cum suis appendiciis de Sudfolchia et Norfolc...sicut...michi pater meus concessit” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “patris mei Roberti et Aueline matris mee et Johannis fratris mei”, by undated charter[760]m secondly ---.  Robert & his first wife had one child: 

a)         MARGARET (-bur Colchester St. John).  “Hamo de Sancto Claro” donated “manerium de Stoches” to Colchester St. John, at the request of “Margarete uxoris mee cujus maritagium illud manerium erat”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Symon frater Margarete...[761].  “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro” donated “Stoches...manerium meum cum suis appendiciis de Sudfolchia et Norfolc...sicut...michi pater meus concessit” to Colchester St. John for her burial there, and for the souls of “patris mei Roberti et Aueline matris mee et Johannis fratris mei” and for the salvation of “viri mei Hamonis” and with his consent, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro, Symon frater meus...[762].  “Simon de Caisneto” confirmed that “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro mea soror in infirmitate qua mortua est” donated “manerium de Stochis” to Colchester St. John for her burial there, by undated charter[763]m ([1137]) as his second wife, HAMON de Saint-Clair, son of --- (-after 1139). 

Robert & his [first/second] wife had two children: 

b)         JOHN .  “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro” donated “Stoches...manerium meum cum suis appendiciis de Sudfolchia et Norfolc...sicut...michi pater meus concessit” to Colchester St. John for her burial there, and for the souls of “patris mei Roberti et Aueline matris mee et Johannis fratris mei” and for the salvation of “viri mei Hamonis” and with his consent, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro, Symon frater meus...[764]

c)         SIMON [de Chesney] .  “Hamo de Sancto Claro” donated “manerium de Stoches” to Colchester St. John, at the request of “Margarete uxoris mee cujus maritagium illud manerium erat”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Symon frater Margarete...[765].  “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro” donated “Stoches...manerium meum cum suis appendiciis de Sudfolchia et Norfolc...sicut...michi pater meus concessit” to Colchester St. John for her burial there, and for the souls of “patris mei Roberti et Aueline matris mee et Johannis fratris mei” and for the salvation of “viri mei Hamonis” and with his consent, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro, Symon frater meus...[766].  “Simon de Caisneto” confirmed that “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro mea soror in infirmitate qua mortua est” donated “manerium de Stochis” to Colchester St. John for her burial there, by undated charter[767]

 

 

 

FITZWILLIAM

 

 

A.      DESCENDANTS of RICHARD FITZTUROLD

 

 

1.         RICHARD FitzTurold (-after 1103).  "…Richard fitz Turolf…" witnessed the charter dated to [1103/04] under which King Henry I confirmed property to Saint-Martin de Marmoutier, Tours[768]m ---.  Richard & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM FitzRichard (-after 1136).  Lord of Cardinham, Cornwall.  "…William fitz Richard…" witnessed the charter dated to [15 Apr 1123] under which King Henry I restored churches in Cornwall and Devon to Exeter Cathedral[769].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills fil Ric" returning in Devonshire for "uxore Fulbti de Doura cum dote et maritagio suo"[770].  The relationship between William FitzRichard and the family of Fulbert of Dover has not been traced.  "…[W]illelmus filius Ri[cardi]" witnessed the charter dated [Apr/21 Nov] 1136 under which King Stephen confirmed churches to Exeter Cathedral[771]m ---.  William & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          [ROBERT FitzWilliam (-after 1169).  A charter of King Henry III, dated 6 May 1235, records donations to Tywardreth Priory, Cornwall by “Robertus filius Willielmi et Agnes uxor…et Robertus meus filius” dated 1169 which names Robert as "fratre Baldewyno existente priore apud Tiwardrait"[772].]  m AGNES, daughter of --- (-after 1169).  A charter of King Henry III, dated 6 May 1235, records donations to Tywardreth Priory, Cornwall by “Robertus filius Willielmi et Agnes uxor…et Robertus meus filius” dated 1169 which names Robert as "fratre Baldewyno existente priore apud Tiwardrait"[773].  Robert & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ROBERT .  A charter of King Henry III, dated 6 May 1235, records donations to Tywardreth Priory, Cornwall by “Robertus filius Willielmi et Agnes uxor…et Robertus meus filius” dated 1169 which names Robert as "fratre Baldewyno existente priore apud Tiwardrait"[774]

ii)         [BALDWIN (-after 1169).  Prior of Tywardreth.  A charter of King Henry III, dated 6 May 1235, records donations to Tywardreth Priory, Cornwall by “Robertus filius Willielmi et Agnes uxor…et Robertus meus filius” dated 1169 which names Robert as "fratre Baldewyno existente priore apud Tiwardrait"[775].] 

iii)        BEATRICE FitzWilliam .  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Willelmus filius Ricardi…[in] comitatus Cornubiensis" rebelled against King Stephen and married "filiam suam" to "Reinaldo filio regis Henrici", dated to [1140/42][776].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  She is called Mabilia in Domesday Descendants[777]m ([1141]) RENAUD [de Dunstanville], illegitimate son of HENRY I King of England & his mistress Sibyl Corbet ([1110/15]-Chertsey, Surrey 1 Jul 1175, bur Reading Abbey).  He was created Earl of Cornwall in [Apr 1141] by his half-sister Empress Matilda. 

2.         GILBERT FitzTurold .  King Henry I refers to land "in Compton Greenfield which Gilbert fitz Turold held" in a charter dated to [1111 before 2 Apr][778]

 

 

B.      DESCENDANTS of WILLIAM FITZGODRIC

 

 

1.         GODRICm ---.  The name of Godric’s wife is not known.  Godric & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM FitzGodric (-before 1200).  "Willelmus filius Godrici" paid a fine for his marriage with "matre Johannis constabularii" in 1178[779]m ([1178]) as her fourth husband, AUBREYE de Lisours, widow firstly of RICHARD FitzEustache, secondly of WILLIAM de Clairfait, thirdly of GEOFFREY de Cauz, daughter of ROBERT de Lisours & his wife Aubreye [de Lacy] (-after Sep 1200).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family records that “Albreda vel Aubreia, filia Roberti Lisours, soror ex parte matris” succeeded on the death of “Robertus Lacy” and that she married “Richardus constabularius Cestriæ[780]Domesday Descendants records her second marriage but does not cite the corresponding primary source[781]Her third marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 12 Nov 1177 under which the Templars and “Radulfum filium Stephani” settled a dispute concerning “unam carucatam terre in Roueston” which “Galfridus de Cauz” had given to “Albrede de Lisuriis uxori sue in dotem” and “terram que fuit Roberti fratris Gaufridi de Cauz in Ruueston[782].  "Willelmus filius Godrici" paid a fine for his marriage with "matre Johannis constabularii" in 1178[783]A charter dated 1194 records a final agreement relating to a dispute between Albredam de Lisores et Rogerum constabularium Cestrie nepotem suum” concerning the land of “Roberti de Lasci”, also naming “Roberti de Lisores patris ipsius Albrede” and “Willelmus filius prefate Albrede[784].  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM FitzWilliam .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1331 under which “Willielmus filius Willielmi dominus de Sprotburgh” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Albredæ de Lisours…Johannis constabularii Cestriæ filii dictæ Albredæ…Willielmi filii Willielmi, filii et hæredis prædictæ Albredæ de Lisours…"[785]A charter dated 1194 records a final agreement relating to a dispute between Albredam de Lisores et Rogerum constabularium Cestrie nepotem suum” concerning the land of “Roberti de Lasci”, also naming “Roberti de Lisores patris ipsius Albrede” and “Willelmus filius prefate Albrede[786]m AVICE de Tanai, daughter of ---.  Roger Archbishop of York confirmed donations made to Hampole Priory by “Willielmi de Clarafai et Aviciæ de Tanai uxoris suæ et Albrede de Lisurs” by undated charter witnessed by "Hugone de Tilli avunculo meo…"[787].  William & his wife had two children: 

(a)       WILLIAM FitzWilliam (-[9 Feb 1219/1224]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1331 under which “Willielmus filius Willielmi dominus de Sprotburgh” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Albredæ de Lisours…Johannis constabularii Cestriæ filii dictæ Albredæ…Willielmi filii Willielmi, filii et hæredis prædictæ Albredæ de Lisours…Matildis quondam uxoris suæ…"[788].  

-         see below

(b)       SIBYLLA .  “Radulphus de Tilli filius Radulphi de Tilli et Sibillæ de Clerefai” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Avicia de Tanai avia mea et Sibilla mater mea" by undated charter[789].  “Rogerus de Tilli filius Radulfi de Tilli, et Sibillæ de Clerefai” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Avicia de Taneia avia mea et Sibilla mater mea", as also confirmed by "Radulphus de Tilli frater meus", by undated charter witnessed by "Hugone de Tilli avunculo meo…"[790].  Roger Archbishop of York confirmed donations made to Hampole Priory by “Willielmi de Clarafai et Aviciæ de Tanai uxoris suæ et Albrede de Lisurs” by undated charter witnessed by "Hugone de Tilli avunculo meo…"[791]m RALPH de Tilly, son of ---. 

 

 

WILLIAM FitzWilliam, son of WILLIAM FitzWilliam & his wife Avice de Tanai (-[9 Feb 1219/1224]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1331 under which “Willielmus filius Willielmi dominus de Sprotburgh” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Albredæ de Lisours…Johannis constabularii Cestriæ filii dictæ Albredæ…Willielmi filii Willielmi, filii et hæredis prædictæ Albredæ de Lisours…Matildis quondam uxoris suæ…"[792]

m [firstly] MATILDA, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1331 under which “Willielmus filius Willielmi dominus de Sprotburgh” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "…Willielmi filii Willielmi, filii et hæredis prædictæ Albredæ de Lisours…Matildis quondam uxoris suæ…"[793]The order of the apparent two marriages of William FitzWilliam is not known, nor which was wife was the mother of his son. 

m [secondly] ELA de Warenne, widow of ROBERT de Newburn, daughter of HAMELIN d’Anjou Earl of Surrey & his [second] wife Isabel de Warenne of Surrey.  The Complete Peerage names “Ela” as daughter of Earl William and her husbands firstly “Robert de Newburn of whom nothing is known” and secondly “William FitzWilliam of Sprotborough”, but does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[794].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.   The order of the apparent two marriages of William FitzWilliam is not known, nor which was wife was the mother of his son. 

William & his [first/second] wife had one child: 

1.         THOMAS FitzWilliam (-after 1266).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1331 under which “Willielmus filius Willielmi dominus de Sprotburgh” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Albredæ de Lisours…Johannis constabularii Cestriæ filii dictæ Albredæ…Willielmi filii Willielmi, filii et hæredis prædictæ Albredæ de Lisours…Matildis quondam uxoris suæ…Thomæ filii Willielmi…Willielmi filii Thomæ, domini de Sprotburgh, patris mei"[795].  Lord of Spotborough.  m AGNES Bertram, daughter of ROGER Bertram & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are stated by Barron, who does not cite the corresponding primary source[796].  Thomas & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM FitzThomas (-[1293/94]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1331 under which “Willielmus filius Willielmi dominus de Sprotburgh” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Albredæ de Lisours…Johannis constabularii Cestriæ filii dictæ Albredæ…Willielmi filii Willielmi, filii et hæredis prædictæ Albredæ de Lisours…Matildis quondam uxoris suæ…Thomæ filii Willielmi…Willielmi filii Thomæ, domini de Sprotburgh, patris mei"[797]m ISABEL, daughter of --- (-after 1342).  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM FitzWilliam (-[11 Apr 1340/1342]).  “Willielmus filius Willielmi dominus de Sprotburgh” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Albredæ de Lisours…Johannis constabularii Cestriæ filii dictæ Albredæ…Willielmi filii Willielmi, filii et hæredis prædictæ Albredæ de Lisours…Matildis quondam uxoris suæ…Thomæ filii Willielmi…Willielmi filii Thomæ, domini de Sprotburgh, patris mei" by charter dated 1331[798]

-         FITZWILLIAM FAMILY[799]

b)         DENISE .  The Complete Peerage records that Thomas FitzWilliam granted land in Barnborough and Darfield to his daughter “Dionis (widow of Robert Deyvile)” who gave Darfield to her son Adam, and also provides some details about her descendants[800]m (1229 or before) ROBERT de Daiville [Deivlle], son of ---. 

 

 

C.      FAMILY of OTES FITZWILLIAM in ESSEX and SUFFOLK

 

 

1.         OTES FitzWilliam (-before [1200]).  “Robert Fitzharding” notified his grant of “land of Combe” to “his brother Helyas” by charter dated to [1150/60], witnessed by “Domina Eva, Maurice, Nicholas and Robert his sons...Otho son of William...[801]m MARGARET, daughter of [ROBERT FitzHarding & his wife Eva ---] (-after [1200]).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the undated charter under which “Mauritius de Gant” donated revenue from land "in manerio de Dersleia…quam emi de Margareta matertera mea quæ fuit uxor Othonis filii Willielmi" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s[802].  The word “matertera” is normally translated by “maternal aunt”.  However, it is unlikely that Margaret was the sister of Avice de Gant, mother of Maurice de Gant, who appears to have been the only child by her father’s first marriage.  In addition, Margaret’s husband and Margaret herself are named in charters of the FitzHarding/Berkeley family which are quoted in this section.  It is more likely therefore that Margaret was Maurice’s paternal aunt.  “John de Wodeford” granted land in Nibley, Gloucestershire (“in Nubbeleia”), which he had recovered “contra Dom. Margaretam quondam uxorem Othonis fil. Willelmi”, to “Dom. Juliana de Ponte Arche wife of Robert de Berkeleia” by charter dated to [1200][803].    

 

 

2.         OTES FitzWilliam of Essex (-after 1232).  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Middlesex, dated 1232, which include "Oto filius Willelmi tenet manerium de Lilleston per seriantiam inveniendi le Coing Londonie..."[804]m (after 18 Aug 1219) as her second husband, MATILDA, widow of JAMES de Neufmarché, daughter of --- (-after 9 Aug 1217).  "Otto son of William" paid a fine to marry "Matilda, who was the wife of James de Neufmarché, if she will give her assent", dated 18 Aug 1219[805].  Mendlesham, inherited by her son, was previously held by the descendants of Manasses de Dammartin (see above).  Maybe it was inherited from his mother.  Otes & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM FitzOtes (-before 24 Jun 1261).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 24 Jun "45 Hen III" following the death of "William son of Otto" name “Thomas son of Otho his brother aged 30 or more is his heir” and his manors “Belchamp Otten, Gosfeud and Gestlingethorp” in Essex[806]

b)         THOMAS FitzOtes of Mendlesham, Suffolk ([before 1230]-before 23 Mar 1274).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 23 Mar "2 Edw I" following the death of "Thomas son of Otto" name “Otto his son aged 10 at the feast of St Michael 2 Edw I is his heir” and name “Beatrice late the wife of the said Thomas[807].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 28 Jun "10 Edw I" following the death of "Thomas son of Otto” name “his three daughters Joan aged 14, Maud aged 11 and Beatrice age 8, are his next heirs[808]m (before 1263) as her first husband, BEATRICE de Beauchamp, daughter of WILLIAM de Beauchamp Baron of Bedford & his second wife Ida Longespée of Salisbury (-before 30 Sep 1285).  By order dated 10 Jan 1267 the king, following the death of "Johannes de Bello Campo inimici nostri interfecti apud Evesham", accepted the homage of "Matillis de Moubray et Thome filii Ottonis et Beatricis de Bello Campo uxoris sue, neptarum et heredum Johanne de Bello Campo nuper defuncte" for two parts of his lands[809].  A writ dated 4 Oct "23 Edw I", after the death of "Isabel late the wife of Simon de Bello Campo" refers to "Wottone, the manor…held in dower, by the assignment of the said Simon with the consent of William de Bello Campo his father, of the heirs of the barony of Bedford", and names as heirs "of the said barony, Roger aged 30 and more, son of Maud de Moubray sister of the said Simon, Joan the wife of Ralph Paynel, aged 30, daughter of Ela sister of the said Simon, Isabel the wife of Simon de Pateshulle aged 24, daughter of Ida daughter of the same Ela, and Elizabeth the wife of John de Horbur aged 34, daughter of the same Ela, are parceners with the heirs of the body of Beatrice sometime sister of the said Simon", adding that Beatrice had married "first to Thomas son of Otto, who had by her a son named Otto now deceased, and a daughter named Maud now aged 26 years and the wife of John Botetourte…after the death of the said Thomas she was married to William de Montecanyso of Edwardestone who had by her a son named William, who if he survives as the jury believe, is 12 years old and more"[810].  She married secondly William [II] de Munchensy.  Thomas & his wife had four children: 

i)          OTES FitzThomas (29 Sep 1263-before 28 Jun 1281).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 23 Mar "2 Edw I" following the death of "Thomas son of Otto" name “Otto his son aged 10 at the feast of St Michael 2 Edw I is his heir” and name “Beatrice late the wife of the said Thomas[811].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 28 Jun "10 Edw I" following the death of "Thomas son of Otto” name “his three daughters Joan aged 14, Maud aged 11 and Beatrice age 8, are his next heirs[812].  It is supposed that these later inquisitions were held after the death of Otes.  A writ dated 4 Oct "23 Edw I", after the death of "Isabel late the wife of Simon de Bello Campo" refers to "Wottone, the manor…held in dower, by the assignment of the said Simon with the consent of William de Bello Campo his father, of the heirs of the barony of Bedford", and names as her surviving heirs "…with the heirs of the body of Beatrice sometime sister of the said Simon", adding that Beatrice had married "first to Thomas son of Otto, who had by her a son named Otto now deceased, and a daughter named Maud now aged 26 years and the wife of John Botetourte…"[813]

ii)         JOAN (1266/67]-).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 28 Jun "10 Edw I" following the death of "Thomas son of Otto” name “his three daughters Joan aged 14, Maud aged 11 and Beatrice age 8, are his next heirs[814]

iii)        MATILDA ([1268/69]-after 28 May 1329).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 28 Jun "10 Edw I" following the death of "Thomas son of Otto” name “his three daughters Joan aged 14, Maud aged 11 and Beatrice age 8, are his next heirs[815].  A writ dated 4 Oct "23 Edw I", after the death of "Isabel late the wife of Simon de Bello Campo" refers to "Wottone, the manor…held in dower, by the assignment of the said Simon with the consent of William de Bello Campo his father, of the heirs of the barony of Bedford", and names as her surviving heirs "…with the heirs of the body of Beatrice sometime sister of the said Simon", adding that Beatrice had married "first to Thomas son of Otto, who had by her a son named Otto now deceased, and a daughter named Maud now aged 26 years and the wife of John Botetourte…"[816]m ([1 Jul 1285/Jun 1292]) JOHN Botetourt, son of [GUY Botetourt of Ellingham, Norfolk & his wife ---] ([1265]-25 Nov 1324).  He was summoned to parliament in 1305, whereby he is held to have become Lord Botetourt.  Lord of Mendlesham, Suffolk, in right of his wife. 

iv)       BEATRICE ([1272/73]-).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 28 Jun "10 Edw I" following the death of "Thomas son of Otto” name “his three daughters Joan aged 14, Maud aged 11 and Beatrice age 8, are his next heirs[817]

 

 

 

FLAMVILLE (FLAMENVILLE)

 

 

1.         HUGUES de Flamenville (-after 1074).  "Hugo de Flamenvilla" sold property "quam tenebat de domino suo Rodulfo de Warethana in Amundi Villæ…et in Maltevilla…[et] in Flamenvilla" by undated charter which also records that later "supra memoratus Rodulfus et uxor eius…Emma ac filii eorum Rodulfus et Willelmus" confirmed the agreement, signed by "…ipsius Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Rotberti filii eius, Gisleberti filii eiusdem…"[818].  "Quidam miles de la Bruere…Alveredus, annuente Adheliza uxore sua" sold "decimas…in Maltevilla et Amunde Villa" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, with the consent of "Wido comes et Rodulfus de Warethna cum uxore sua…Emma", by undated charter, signed by "…Goiffredi fratris Alveredi, Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Roberti filii eius…"[819].  "…Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Rainaldi, Guillelmi, filiorum eius, Gisleberti clerici, Leudonis" signed the charter dated 1074 under which "Rodulfus de Warenna eiusque conjux…Emma cum filiis suis Rodulfo…atque Willelmo" sold land in "quattuor villarum Caletensis pagi, Maltevillæ…Flamenvillæ, Amundi Villæ et Anglicevillæ" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, as well as "totius Osulfi Villæ eiusdem Caletensis pagi" sold by "Guillelmo filio Rogerii filii Hugonis episcopi"[820]m ---.  The name of Hugues’s wife is not known.  Hugues & his wife had four children: 

a)         ROBERT de Flamenville .  "Hugo de Flamenvilla" sold property "quam tenebat de domino suo Rodulfo de Warethana in Amundi Villæ…et in Maltevilla…[et] in Flamenvilla" by undated charter which also records that later "supra memoratus Rodulfus et uxor eius…Emma ac filii eorum Rodulfus et Willelmus" confirmed the agreement, signed by "…ipsius Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Rotberti filii eius, Gisleberti filii eiusdem…"[821].  "Quidam miles de la Bruere…Alveredus, annuente Adheliza uxore sua" sold "decimas…in Maltevilla et Amunde Villa" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, with the consent of "Wido comes et Rodulfus de Warethna cum uxore sua…Emma", by undated charter, signed by "…Goiffredi fratris Alveredi, Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Roberti filii eius…"[822]

b)         GILBERT de Flamenville .  "Hugo de Flamenvilla" sold property "quam tenebat de domino suo Rodulfo de Warethana in Amundi Villæ…et in Maltevilla…[et] in Flamenvilla" by undated charter which also records that later "supra memoratus Rodulfus et uxor eius…Emma ac filii eorum Rodulfus et Willelmus" confirmed the agreement, signed by "…ipsius Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Rotberti filii eius, Gisleberti filii eiusdem…"[823]

c)         RAINALD de Flamenville (-after 1074).  "…Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Rainaldi, Guillelmi, filiorum eius, Gisleberti clerici, Leudonis" signed the charter dated 1074 under which "Rodulfus de Warenna eiusque conjux…Emma cum filiis suis Rodulfo…atque Willelmo" sold land in "quattuor villarum Caletensis pagi, Maltevillæ…Flamenvillæ, Amundi Villæ et Anglicevillæ" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, as well as "totius Osulfi Villæ eiusdem Caletensis pagi" sold by "Guillelmo filio Rogerii filii Hugonis episcopi"[824]

d)         GUILLAUME de Flamenville (-after 1074).  "…Hugonis de Flamenvilla, Rainaldi, Guillelmi, filiorum eius, Gisleberti clerici, Leudonis" signed the charter dated 1074 under which "Rodulfus de Warenna eiusque conjux…Emma cum filiis suis Rodulfo…atque Willelmo" sold land in "quattuor villarum Caletensis pagi, Maltevillæ…Flamenvillæ, Amundi Villæ et Anglicevillæ" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, as well as "totius Osulfi Villæ eiusdem Caletensis pagi" sold by "Guillelmo filio Rogerii filii Hugonis episcopi"[825]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         ROBERT de Flamville .  He may have been the same person as Robert de Flamenville who is named above. 

2.         [HUGH] de Flamville .  Dugdale’s Baronage records Erneburga as daughter of “Hugh Flamenvill” but he cites no primary source on which this information is based[826]m ---.  One child: 

a)         ERNEBURGA Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the 1130 Pipe Roll which records "Hugo de Hasting" in Leicestershire after his marriage to "nepte Rob de Flamenvilla"[827]m (before 1130) HUGH de Hastings, son of --- (-1163 or before). 

 

 

1.         ROGER de Flamville (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rogs de Flamenvilla" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[828]

 

 

1.         ROGER de Flamville (-after 1167).  The chronology of his marriage makes it improbable that this was the same Roger de Flamville who was recorded in the 1130 Pipe Roll.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Rogerus de Flamville" holding "viii militum et dimidium" in Yorkshire from Roger de Mowbray in 1166[829]m as her first husband, IVETA de Arches, daughter and heiress of WILLIAM de Arches & his wife --- (-after 1192).  “Iveta de Arches, uxor domini Rogeri de Flamevilla” confirmed her husband’s donations to Malton priory by undated charter[830].  “Jueta de Arches” donated property, formerly held by “Willelmus de Archis pater meus”, to the church of St Peter, York by charter dated to [1167/90][831].  She married secondly Adam de Brus.  “Juetta de Arches” granted property to “Isabelle de Brus filie mee” by charter dated to 1192[832].  Roger & his wife had three children: 

a)         HUGH de Flamville (-before 1214).  “Willelmus de Percy de Kildale” confirmed a donation by “Robertus de Brus…de feodo Ernulfi de Percy avi mei” to Gysborn priory, for the soul of “Agnetis uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1171/95], witnessed by “…Hugone de Flamevilla…Henrico de Percy…[833].  [The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Hugo Flammanuilla" owing "x li. pro habenda custodia sororis sue cum terra sua que fuit uxor Roberti de Aistan" in Norfolk & Suffolk[834].]  "Alanus de Flamville" paid a fine relating to a claim "inter Elyam patrem predicti Alani cujus heres ipse est" and "Hug de Flamvill cujus heredes Matill de Flamville et Agn soror eius sunt", dated 1214[835]

b)         MATILDA de Flamville (-after 1219).  "Hugo de Flamvill" confirmed donations to Old Malton "antequam sororem meam Matildem Flamvill Roberto de Hastinges in matrimonium dederam" by undated charter[836].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Hugo Flammanuilla" owing "x li. pro habenda custodia sororis sue cum terra sua que fuit uxor Roberti de Aistan" in Norfolk & Suffolk[837].  "Alanus de Flamville" paid a fine relating to a claim "inter Elyam patrem predicti Alani cujus heres ipse est" and "Hug de Flamvill cujus heredes Matill de Flamville et Agn soror eius sunt", dated 1214[838].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Suffolk “Hundredum de Cosford”, dated 1219, which names "Domina Helewisa de Gwerres bis dotata...primo Willelmo de Pynkiny, secundo Willelmo filio Roberti et domina Matillis de Flamvilla" holding "manerium de Bildeston...de baronia Godefridi de Luvein per hereditatem uxoris sue" [Matilda’s daughter][839].  An Inspeximus dated 2 Mar 1270 quotes the charter under which Henry I King of England granted the lands of “Robertus filius Walteri de Wyndesora...patris sui” to “Willelmo filio predicti Roberti” (the charter referred to above), the charter under which King Henry II reconfirmed the grant, the charter of King Richard I which confirmed to “Henrico de Cornhell, Aliciam filiam et heredem Roberti de Hasting...uxorem [suam]”, and “confirmation of the same in favour of Matthew de Loveyne cousin and heir of the said William, Henry and Alice and his heirs[840]m ROBERT de Hastings, son of WILLIAM FitzRobert [de Hastings] & his wife Helwise de Guerres (-before [1194/95]). 

c)         AGNES de Flamville (-after 1214).  “Willelmus de Percy de Kildale” confirmed a donation by “Robertus de Brus…de feodo Ernulfi de Percy avi mei” to Gysborn priory, for the soul of “Agnetis uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1171/95], witnessed by “…Hugone de Flamevilla…Henrico de Percy…[841].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1219, by "Walterus de Percy" against "Magistrum hospitalis Sancti Leonardi de Eboraco" concerning "terre…in Martona" of which "Agnes de Flamnanvilla mater sua…Joannem le Birkin quondam virum ipsius Agnetis" was seised[842]m firstly WILLIAM de Percy of Kildale, son of ROBERT Percy & his wife Agnes --- (-1202).  m secondly JOHN le Birkin, son of ---.

 

 

1.         ELIAS de Flamville (-before 1214).  m ---.  The name of Elias’s wife is not known.  Elias & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALAN de Flamville .  "Alanus de Flamville" paid a fine relating to a claim "inter Elyam patrem predicti Alani cujus heres ipse est" and "Hug de Flamvill cujus heredes Matill de Flamville et Agn soror eius sunt", dated 1214[843]

 

 

Four siblings: 

1.         WILLIAM de Flamville (-before 1219).  m as her first husband, ---, daughter of ---.  She married secondly (before 1219) Walter de Burdun.  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "quedam domina que fuit uxor Willelmi de Flamvill…maritata est Waltero de Burdun" holding land in Northumberland[844].  

2.         daughter .  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Michael filius Michaelis et W[illelmus] Batayle et Radulfus de Glentedone" holding "cum sororibus Willelmi de Flamaville, medietatem de Wytingeham" in Northumberland in [1210/12][845]m (before [1210/12]) MICHAEL FitzMichael, son of MICHAEL & his wife ---. 

3.         daughter .  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Michael filius Michaelis et W[illelmus] Batayle et Radulfus de Glentedone" holding "cum sororibus Willelmi de Flamaville, medietatem de Wytingeham" in Northumberland in [1210/12][846]m (before [1210/12]) WILLIAM de Bataille, son of --- (-after 1219).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Willelmus Bataille", married to "quondam dominam…soror Willelmi Flamvull", holding land in Northumberland[847].  

4.         daughter .  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Michael filius Michaelis et W[illelmus] Batayle et Radulfus de Glentedone" holding "cum sororibus Willelmi de Flamaville, medietatem de Wytingeham" in Northumberland in [1210/12][848]m (before [1210/12]) RALPH de Glentedon, son of ---. 

 

 

 

FOLIOT

 

 

Loyd says that the Foliot family “seems to have originated in the Cotentin and western Normandy”[849]

 

 

1.         RENAUD Foliot (-after [1060]).  "…Ingulfus dapifer, Rogerius filius Toraldi, Unfredus filius Ansquitilli, Rainaldus Foliot, Ricardus de Sturavilla, Gosfridus filius Rotberti Venatoris, Nigellus de Glanvilla, Rodulfus camerarius…Serlus filius Alveredi, Ricardus Britesonis filius" witnessed the charter dated to [1060] under which "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier[850]

 

 

Three brothers: 

1.         ROBERT Foliot (-[1150]).  A charter dated to [1124/30] records a claim by "Robertus Foliot et Paganus et Helyas fratres sui" against Ramsey abbey relating to “divisis de Crancfeld et de Craule[851]m --- de Chesney, daughter of [ROGER [I] de Chesney & his wife Alice de Langetot].  Her son Gilbert Foliot refers to Robert de Chesney Bishop of Lincoln as his uncle in a letter[852].  If “uncle” can be interpreted in its strict meaning, Gilbert’s mother must have been one of Robert’s sisters.  Domesday Descendants refers to her as “Agnes de Chesney” but does not provide the basis for this statement[853].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

a)         --- Foliot (-before Feb 1187).  m ---.  One child: 

i)          GILBERT Foliot .  “Gilbertus Foliot” donated part of “ecclesie de Urvilla [Vauville], cujus advocatio jure hereditario ad me pertinet” to Cérisy abbey, with the advice of (and witnessed by) “patrui mei domini Gileberti Lu[n]donensis episcopi”, by undated charter (dated to 1163/87)[854]

b)         GILBERT Foliot (-Feb 1187).  Monk of Cluny.  Prebendary of Newington in the cathedral of St Paul.  Abbot of Gloucester 1139[855]Bishop of Hereford 1148.  Bishop of London 1163. 

2.         PAIN Foliot .  A charter dated to [1124/30] records a claim by "Robertus Foliot et Paganus et Helyas fratres sui" against Ramsey abbey relating to “divisis de Crancfeld et de Craule[856]

3.         HELIAS Foliot .  A charter dated to [1124/30] records a claim by "Robertus Foliot et Paganus et Helyas fratres sui" against Ramsey abbey relating to “divisis de Crancfeld et de Craule[857]

 

 

It appears probable that the following family group was related to Gilbert Foliot Bishop of London, not only because another Gilbert Foliot may have been connected with Reginald Foliot, but also because of the quasi-hereditary nature of senior ecclesiastical appointments. 

 

1.         --- Foliotm [--- de Lee, daughter of --- de Lee & his wife ---.  Sister of Peter de Lee Bishop of St David’s from 1176 to 1198.  Her family origin is confirmed by the source quoted below, assuming that “avunculus” is interpreted as maternal uncle of Reginald Foliot.  Some details concerning the Lee family of Hughley, Shropshire are provided by Eyton, including the conditional donation of “capelle de Lega” made by “Petrus prior de Wenloke” (probably the future bishop) with the consent of “Thomas de Lega[858].]  One child: 

a)         REGINALD Foliot .  Gerald of Wales’s De rebus a se gestis records the death in 1198 of “episcopus Menevensis” and the selection of four candidates to succeed him, one of whom was “Reginaldum Foliot qui Anglicus fuit”, a later passage repeating that “R. Foliot qui Herefordensis episcopi Willelmi de Ver notarius erat...ex Anglicis” was one of the candidates and was was “tamen Menevensis ecclesiæ canonicus”, a position to which “avunculus eius, sc. proximo defunctus episcopus” had appointed him[859]

 

 

1.         GILBERT Foliot .  “...Hugh de Lee...Gilbert Foliot...” witnessed the charter dated to [1176] under which “Richard Tirel” granted land in Louth, Ireland to “Adam de Hereford[860].  The presence of “Hugh de Lee” suggests a family connection between Gilbert Foliot and Reginald Foliot, named above, who was related to the Lee family. 

 

2.         HUGH Foliot .  “...Hugh Foliot...Alexander Foliot...” witnessed the charter dated to [1195] under which “Roger de Wigornia” donated “the church of Kiltevenan” to Oseney St Mary[861]

 

3.         ALEXANDER Foliot .  “...Hugh Foliot...Alexander Foliot...” witnessed the charter dated to [1195] under which “Roger de Wigornia” donated “the church of Kiltevenan” to Oseney St Mary[862].  “...Alexander Foliot...” witnessed the charter dated to [1199/1206] under which “Roger de Wiricestria” renounced rights “in the vill of Kiltevenan...” in favour of his brother Philip[863]

 

4.         ADAM Foliot .  “...Hugh de Leghe...Adam Foliot...” witnessed the charter dated to [1210] which records an agreement between “Adam de Hereford and Henry de Hereford his nephew” concerning the division of property “in Ossory and Offalan [county Kildare][864].  The presence of “Hugh de Lee” suggests a family connection between Adam Foliot and Reginald Foliot, named above, who was related to the Lee family. 

 

5.         HUGH Foliot (-1234).  Bishop of Hereford 1219.  Matthew Paris records the death in 1219 of “Hugo de Maneport episcopus Herefordensis circa Pascha”, the succession of “Hugo Foliot”, and the consecration of the latter “Cantuariæ festo Omnium Sanctorum[865].  Matthew Paris records the death in 1234 of "Hugo Folioth Herefordensis antistes[866]

 

 

1.         --- Foliot (-before 1130).  m ---.  One child: 

a)         PAIN Foliot .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Pagan Foliot" owing in respect of “terra patris sui” in Devonshire[867]

 

 

1.         ROGER Foliot (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rogero Foliot" in Huntingdonshire[868]. 

 

2.         RALPH Foliot"…Gilleberti Pipard, Radulfi Foliot, Hugonis filii Milonis" witnessed an undated charter, dated to the reign of King Henry I, under which "Ricardi filium…Hugonem" confirmed the donation by "Ricardus filius Reinfredi" of land at "Brochestan" to Abingdon monastery[869]

 

 

Four brothers: 

1.         RALPH Foliot (-[1204/05]).  Radulphus Foliot" donated “ecclesiam de Fretewelle” to St Frideswide’s, Oxford, for the souls of “mea et Hawisiæ uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[870]m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  Radulphus Foliot" donated “ecclesiam de Fretewelle” to St Frideswide’s, Oxford, for the souls of “mea et Hawisiæ uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[871]

2.         HENRY Foliot (-[1230/33]).  “Henricus Folioth” granted land “in villa de Shilton”, which “Radulphus F. frater meus primogenitus” gave to “Rogero fratri dicti R.”, to “Ricardo F.” by charter dated to [1200/10][872].  “Henricus Foliot” quitclaimed “advocacionem eccl. de F[retewelle]” to Oxford St Frideswide by charter dated to [1220][873].  m ---.  The name of Henry’s wife is not known.  Henry & his wife had one child: 

a)         SAMPSON Foliot (-after 1279).  “Sampson Folioth f. Henrici F.” confirmed his father’s donation of “terre in C. quam Rogerus F. ibidem tenuit et...in hamello de Solleye”, donated by “Ricardus F. predicte”, to Oxford St. Frideswide by charter dated to [1240][874].  A charter dated 30 Jun 1241 recorded a final agreement relating to that donation[875]

3.         ROGER Foliot .  “Henricus Folioth” granted land “in villa de Shilton”, which “Radulphus F. frater meus primogenitus” gave to “Rogero fratri dicti R.”, to “Ricardo F.” by charter dated to [1200/10][876]

4.         RICHARD Foliot .  “Henricus Folioth” granted land “in villa de Shilton”, which “Radulphus F. frater meus primogenitus” gave to “Rogero fratri dicti R.”, to “Ricardo F.” by charter dated to [1200/10][877].  “Ricardus Folioth” donated land “quam Rogerus F. frater meus tenuit in Solleye...quas terras Henricus F. michi dedit” to Oxford St. Frideswide, for the soul of “Matilde uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1210/20][878]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  “Ricardus Folioth” donated land “quam Rogerus F. frater meus tenuit in Solleye...quas terras Henricus F. michi dedit” to Oxford St. Frideswide, for the soul of “Matilde uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1210/20][879]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM [I] Foliot (-after 1089).  Robertus de Laceio” founded Pontefract Priory, for the soul of “Hylberti patris mei et Hawisiæ matris meæ”, and donated property including “in Kyrkeby...terræ de donatione W. Folioth”, by undated charter, dateable to the reign of King William II, witnessed by “...W. Folioth…[880].  “...Willielmo Folioth...” subscribed the undated charter, dated to the reign of King Henry I, under which “Robertus de Laceio” donated property to Pontefract[881].  “Robertus de Laceio” donated “dominium meum...Dodewrdam” to Pontefract by charter dated to [1112], witnessed by “...Willelmo Folioth...[882].  “Hugo de la Val” donated land “ante castellum unam carucatam terræ de dono Willielmi Folioth” to Pontefract by undated charter subscribed by King Henry I[883].  The editor of the Pontefract cartulary explains how this charter can be dated to 1122[884].  “H. de Laval” donated “molendinum de villa Pontisfracti” to Pontefract by charter dated to after 1122, witnessed by “Willelmo Folioth et Ricardo Folioth filio eius...[885]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         RICHARD [I] Foliot (-after 1122).  “H. de Laval” donated “molendinum de villa Pontisfracti” to Pontefract by charter dated to after 1122, witnessed by “Willelmo Folioth et Ricardo Folioth filio eius...[886]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM [II] Foliot (-after [1135/40])The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo Foliot" in Yorkshire[887].  "Domino Petro de Falcumberga, Andrea fratre eius, Willelmo Foliot…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Everardus de Wichie" quitclaimed rights in Catwick church to Pontefact St John[888].  “Ilbertus de Laceio” confirmed the donation of “terram de Brackeneil...” made by his father to Pontefract by charter dated to [1135/40], witnessed by “...Willelmo Folioth...[889]m as her second husband, AGNES Lady of Appleton, widow firstly of HERBERT de Saint Quintin, and secondly of ROBERT de Faucomberge of Rise and Catfoss, daughter of OSBERN de Arches & his wife ---.  “Agnes de Archis” donated property to Chilling, for the salvation of the soul of “domini mei Herberti de Sancto Quintino” and for the souls of “Walteri et Alani filiorum meorum”, by undated charter[890].  William Archbishop of York confirmed donations to Chilling, at the request of “Agnetis matris Petri de Falcamberge et filiorum suorum Willielmi et Hugonis Foliot”, by undated charter[891].  William [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         WILLIAM [III] Foliot .  William Archbishop of York confirmed donations to Chilling, at the request of “Agnetis matris Petri de Falcamberge et filiorum suorum Willielmi et Hugonis Foliot”, by undated charter[892]

b)         HUGH Foliot .  William Archbishop of York confirmed donations to Chilling, at the request of “Agnetis matris Petri de Falcamberge et filiorum suorum Willielmi et Hugonis Foliot”, by undated charter[893].  [“Hugo Foliot” donated land “in Barneby que fuit Thoraldi” to Pontefact, for the soul of “Henrici Foliot fratris mei”, by charter dated to [before 1165][894].  It is not certain that this charter relates to Hugh, son of William [II].] 

c)         [HENRY Foliot .  “Hugo Foliot” donated land “in Barneby que fuit Thoraldi” to Pontefact, for the soul of “Henrici Foliot fratris mei”, by charter dated to [before 1165][895].] 

 

 

Five brothers, parents not identified.  The date range of their careers suggests that they were not the sons of William [I] Foliot.  It is unlikely they were the sons of William [II] by his known wife Agnes, who named her two sons after the death of her husband (see above).  It is possible that Jordan, Pain and Richard were sons of William [II] by an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage. 

1.         JORDAN [I] Foliot (-before [1190]).  “…Richardo de Foliot, Iurdano et Pagano fratribus suis…” witnessed the charter dated to [1135] under which Lucia cometissa” donated “manerium de Spallingis...cum quibus melius tenui et liberalius tempore Ivonis de Thallebos et Rogeri filii Geroldi et cometis Rannulfi” by charter dated to [1135][896].  “Henricus de Laceio” donated “villulam meam de Kelinglaiam” to Pontefact by charter dated to [1154], witnessed by “...Jordano Folioth et H. fratre eius...[897].  “Jordanus Folioth” donated “West-molendinum de Nortuna” to Pontefact by charter dated 1159, witnessed by “Willelmo Foliot...[898].  “Henricus de Lasci” donated property to Pontefact by charter dated 1159, witnessed by “...Jordano Folioth que dedit prefate ecclesie eadem die unum toftum in Pontefracto, et Henrico fratre suo...[899].  “Jordanus Folioth” donated “West-molendinum de Nortuna” to Pontefact, with the consent of “Beatricis uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1160], witnessed by “Beatrice uxor mea...[900].  “Willelmus Foliot” donated “terra Rainaldi de Gazra” to Pontefact, for the souls of “fratrum meorum Jordani et Henrici et Pagani et Ricardi”, by charter dated to [1173], witnessed by “frater meus Jordanus Folioth...[901]m BEATRICE, daughter of ---.  “Jordanus Folioth” donated “West-molendinum de Nortuna” to Pontefact, with the consent of “Beatricis uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1160], witnessed by “Beatrice uxor mea...[902].  Jordan [I] & his wife had one child:

a)         JORDAN [II] Foliot .  “Jordanus Foliot, filius Jordani Foliot” confirmed all donations to Pontefract made by “antecessores mei” by charter dated to [1190], witnessed by “...Roberto Foliot...[903].  “...Jordano Folioth...” witnessed the charter dated to [1216] under which “Johannes filius Symone patre meo” confirmed donations to Pontefract[904]

2.         HENRY Foliot (-after [1190]).  “Henricus de Laceio” donated “villulam meam de Kelinglaiam” to Pontefact by charter dated to [1154], witnessed by “...Jordano Folioth et H. fratre eius...[905].  “Henricus de Lasci” donated property to Pontefact by charter dated 1159, witnessed by “...Jordano Folioth que dedit prefate ecclesie eadem die unum toftum in Pontefracto, et Henrico fratre suo...[906].  “Willelmus Foliot” donated “terra Rainaldi de Gazra” to Pontefact, for the souls of “fratrum meorum Jordani et Henrici et Pagani et Ricardi”, by charter dated to [1173], witnessed by “frater meus Jordanus Folioth...[907].  “Ilbertus de Lasci filius Roberti de Lasci” donated “terre in Barneby” to Pontefract, for the salvation of “mee et domini mei Henrici Folioth”, by charter dated to [1190][908]

3.         WILLIAM [IV] Foliot (-after [1173]).  “Jordanus Folioth” donated “West-molendinum de Nortuna” to Pontefact by charter dated 1159, witnessed by “Willelmo Foliot...[909].  “Willelmus Foliot” donated “terra Rainaldi de Gazra” to Pontefact, for the souls of “fratrum meorum Jordani et Henrici et Pagani et Ricardi”, by charter dated to [1173], witnessed by “frater meus Jordanus Folioth...[910]

4.         PAIN Foliot…Richardo de Foliot, Iurdano et Pagano fratribus suis…” witnessed the charter dated to [1135] under which Lucia cometissa” donated “manerium de Spallingis...cum quibus melius tenui et liberalius tempore Ivonis de Thallebos et Rogeri filii Geroldi et cometis Rannulfi” by charter dated to [1135][911].  “Willelmus Foliot” donated “terra Rainaldi de Gazra” to Pontefact, for the souls of “fratrum meorum Jordani et Henrici et Pagani et Ricardi”, by charter dated to [1173], witnessed by “frater meus Jordanus Folioth...[912]

5.         RICHARD [II] Foliot…Richardo de Foliot, Iurdano et Pagano fratribus suis…” witnessed the charter dated to [1135] under which Lucia cometissa” donated “manerium de Spallingis...cum quibus melius tenui et liberalius tempore Ivonis de Thallebos et Rogeri filii Geroldi et cometis Rannulfi” by charter dated to [1135][913].  “Willelmus Foliot” donated “terra Rainaldi de Gazra” to Pontefact, for the souls of “fratrum meorum Jordani et Henrici et Pagani et Ricardi”, by charter dated to [1173], witnessed by “frater meus Jordanus Folioth...[914]

 

 

1.         RICHARD [III] Foliot (-after [1173]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "de feodo quod fuit Ricardi Foliot quod Robertus filius Ricardi tenet, iv milites" in Gloucestershire[915].  “Ricardus Foliot” granted “terram de Accatona et terram de Hanam et...de Hamtona” to “Mauricio filio Roberti filio Hardingi” by charter dated to before 1173, witnessed by “...Jurdano filio Hardingi et Helya filio Hardingi...[916]

 

 

1.         --- Foliot m --- Basset, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which "Osmundus Basseth" donated "duo molendina de Wodeforde" to Gloucester St Peter, with the consent of "Roberti Folioth nepotis et hæredis mei", for the souls of "mea et Ingridæ uxoris meæ"[917]

a)         ROBERT Foliot .  "Osmundus Basseth" donated "duo molendina de Wodeforde" to Gloucester St Peter, with the consent of "Roberti Folioth nepotis et hæredis mei", for the souls of "mea et Ingridæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[918]

 

 

1.         RICHARD [IV] Foliot .  The parentage of Richard [IV] has not been traced.  m --- Bardolf, daughter of HUGH [I] Bardolf & his [first wife Isabel ---].  The Complete Peerage shows her parentage and marriage, citing the Cartulary of Barlings[919].  Richard [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         JORDAN [III] Foliot (-before Mar 1236).  “Jord Foliot Isold de Gray et Rad Paynel” swore homage for the lands of “Robti Bardulf avunculi sui”, and accepted security from “Robto Lupo loco Matild Bardulf matris sue que est una herederum predicti Roberti”, dated 1 Jul 1225[920].  “...Jordanus Foliot...” witnessed the charter dated to [1239] under which “Avicia filia Laurencii clerici de Dardingtona” donated “terra...de Dardingtona” to Pontefract[921].  “Domino Jordano Folioth, Ricardo filio suo...” witnessed the charter dated to [1240] under which “Theobaldus de Stubbis” donated “terram...Adelstancroft” to Pontefract[922]m ---.  The name of Jordan’s wife is not known.  Jordan [III] & his wife had one child: 

i)          RICHARD [V] Foliot of Norton, Fenton, Grimston and Wello, Nottinghamshire (-Mar 1299).  “Ric Foliot fil et heres...[qd] Jordani [Foliot]” had livery of his father’s lands, including land in Hoo, Kent, dated 5 Mar 1236[923].  “Domino Jordano Folioth, Ricardo filio suo...” witnessed the charter dated to [1240] under which “Theobaldus de Stubbis” donated “terram...Adelstancroft” to Pontefract[924].  The prior of Pontefract notified that a grant of property to “domino Ricardo Folyot”, which he held “ex dono domini Jordani Folyot”, by undated charter[925].  “Domino Ricardo Foliot, domino Jordano Foliot...” witnessed the undated charter under which “Adam de Novo Mercato filius Johannis de Novo Mercato” donated “locum beati Nicholai de Cobbecroft” to Pontefract for the soul of “Johanne uxoris mee[926]m MARGERY Stuteville, daughter of WILLIAM de Stuteville of Gressenhall, Elsing, East Lexham, Weasenham and Cowesby, Norfolk & his wife Margery de Say.  Her parentage and marriage are shown in the Complete Peerage[927].  Richard [V] & his wife had one child: 

(1)       JORDAN [IV] Foliot ([1248/49]-before 2 May 1299).  By writ of certiorari dated 20 Aug "3 Edw I", following the death of "Robert de Stutevill", "Jordan Folyot" complained that the escheator had ejected him from the lands of “the said Robert his uncle deceased whose heir he is[928].  He was summoned to parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord Foliot. 

-         see below

 

 

JORDAN [IV] Foliot, son of RICHARD [V] Foliot & his wife Margery Stuteville ([1248/49]-before 2 May 1299).  By writ of certiorari dated 20 Aug "3 Edw I", following the death of "Robert de Stutevill", "Jordan Folyot" complained that the escheator had ejected him from the lands of “the said Robert his uncle deceased whose heir he is[929].  He was summoned to parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord Foliot. 

m MARGERY de Neufmarché, daughter of ADAM de Neufmarché of Womersley, Campsall and Bentley, Yorkshire & his wife --- (-18 Apr 1330, bur Wendling Abbey). 

Jordan [IV] & his wife had children: 

1.         RICHARD [VI] Foliot (25 Dec 1283-before 23 Jul 1317)m as her second husband, JOAN de Breuse, widow of JAMES de Bohun of Maddenstown, co. Kildare, daughter of WILLIAM de Breuse & his first wife --- (-before 23 Jun 1324).  Richard [VI] & his wife had three children: 

a)         RICHARD [VII] Foliot (-29 May 1325)m as her first husband, ELIZABETH de Segrave, daughter of JOHN de Segrave & his wife Julienne de Sandwiz (-11 Dec 1335, bur Sheppey, Minster Church).  She married secondly as his second wife, Roger de Northwode of Norwood, Kent. 

b)         MARGERY Foliot ([1312/13]-8 Aug 1349, bur Doncaster, Church of the Friars Minor)m (before 18 May 1330) HUGH de Hastings, son of JOHN de Hastings & his second wife Isabel le Despencer ([1310]-29/30 Jul 1347, bur Elsing, Norfolk)

c)         MARGARET Foliot ([1313/14]-)m as his first wife, JOHN de Camoys, son of RALPH de Camoys & his second wife Elizabeth ---. 

 

 

 

FORZ

 

 

WILLIAM de Forz, son of GUILLAUME de Forz Comte d’Aumâle & his wife Hawise Ctss d’Aumâle (-29 Mar 1241).  The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d’Angleterre records that "Aubemalle…Havi le contesse" married successively "le conte de Mandeville…Guillaumes" by whom she was childless, "Guillaume de Fors" by whom she had "i fills…Guillaumes", and thirdly "Bauduin de Biethune"[930].  The Cronicon Cumbriæ names “Hawysiam” as the child of “Willielmus Grossus comes Albemarliæ” and his wife, adding that he was succeeded by “Willielmus de Fortibus comes Albemarliæ”, in turn succeeded by “alter Willielmus de Fortibus”, and the latter by “Avelina” who married “Edmondo fratri domini Regis E” and died childless[931].  Lord of Holderness.  He succeeded as titular Comte d'Aumâle.  “Willielmus comes de Albamare filius Hawisæ comitissæ de Albamare” donated property to Garendon Abbey by undated charter[932].  He was one of the 25 conservators of Magna Carta[933].  Matthew of Paris records that he died in the Mediterranean[934]

m (1214) AVELINE de Montfichet, daughter of RICHARD de Montfichet, of Stansted, Essex & his wife Milicent --- (-[Nov] 1239, bur Thornton Abbey).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Melsa Abbey records that “Willielmum de Forz secundum” married “Avelinam…filiam…Ricardi de Munfichet[935]Matthew of Paris records the death in 1239 of "Aveline de Forz Ctss d'Aumâle"[936].  An undated writ "52 Hen III", after the death of "Richard de Muntfichet", records that "he had 3 sisters, Margery, Avelina and Philippa…from Avelina issued William de Fortibus earl of Albemarle whose heirs are under age and in the king’s wardship"[937].  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother", names as heirs of "Richard de Munfichet…his three sisters…the second sister Avelina married William de Forz earl of Albemarle, and from them issued William de Forz the last earl of Albemarle, who had two sons Thomas and William who died without heirs of their bodies…" and the declaring the descendants of the sisters of Aveline de Montfichet as heirs of Aveline de Forz[938]

William & his wife had one child: 

1.         WILLIAM de Forz ([1214/15]-Amiens 23 May 1260, bur Meaux Abbey).  Henry III King of England confirmed that "Willelmus de Fotz, comes Aubemarle" had transferred "Willelmum filium suum primogenitam" as a hostage in return for receiving "castrum nostrum de Salvat", dated 17 Dec 1216[939].  The Cronicon Cumbriæ names “Hawysiam” as the child of “Willielmus Grossus comes Albemarliæ” and his wife, adding that he was succeeded by “Willielmus de Fortibus comes Albemarliæ”, in turn succeeded by “alter Willielmus de Fortibus”, and the latter by “Avelina” who married “Edmondo fratri domini Regis E” and died childless[940].  "W filio comitis de Aubemarliæ" is named as son-in-law of Alan of Galloway by Matthew of Paris, who does not name his wife[941].  Lord of Holderness.  He succeeded as titular Comte d'Aumâle.  "William de Fortibus, son of William de Fortibus late count of Aumale…and Christiana his wife" were granted "the manor of Driffield, co York and the manor of Tingden co Northampton", dated 5 Oct 1241[942].  The Annales Londonienses record the death in 1260 of "comes Albemarliæ…in transmarinis partibus"[943].  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire, records the death "in civitate Ambianensi" in 1260 of "dominus Willelmus de Fortibus tertius ultimus comes Albermarliæ" and his burial "in presbyterio nostro juxta filiam suam"[944].  A hearing "44 Hen III", after the death of "William de Fortibus alias de Ford, de Forz Earl of Albemarle" names "Thomas his son, aged 7 on the morrow of the Nativity of the Blessed May next, is his heir and as yet in the wardship of his mother"[945]m firstly (before Apr 1236) CHRISTIAN of Galloway, daughter of ALAN Lord of Galloway & his second wife Margaret of Scotland (-shortly before 29 Jul 1246).  The Liber Pluscardensis records that the third daughter of "Alanus de Galway filius Rotholandi de Galway" married "comes Albemarliæ"[946].  "William de Fortibus, son of William de Fortibus late count of Aumale…and Christiana his wife" were granted "the manor of Driffield, co York and the manor of Tingden co Northampton", dated 5 Oct 1241[947].  Matthew of Paris records the death in 1246 of "comitissa quoque Albemarliæ filia Alani de Galeweia sororque comitisse Wintoniæ"[948]m secondly (1248) ISABEL de Reviers, daughter of BALDWIN de Reviers Earl of Devon & his wife Amice de Clare (Jul 1237-Stockwell, Surrey 10 Nov 1293, bur Breamore Priory, Hants).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Ford Abbey names “Baldwinum quintum postea comitum et Isabellam Albermarliæ” as the children of “Baldwinum quartum” & his wife, adding that Isabel succeeded after the death of her brother without children but also died childless[949].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the marriage in 1248 of “filia comitis Devoniæ” to “comiti de Aubemarle[950].  Writs dated 13 Jan and 13 Jul "47 Hen III", after the death of "Baldwin de Insula earl of Devon", names "Isabel de Fortibus countess of Albemarla, late the wife of the earl of Albemarle, his sister, age variously stated as 24 and more and 25, is his heir through the death of his son"[951].  "Isabella de Fortibus comitissa de Albemarle et Devonie ac Domina Insule" confirmed donations to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of "quondam bone memorie Willelmi de Fortibus comitis Albemalle viri nostri et pro animabus Thome et Willelmi de Fortibus filiorum predicti comitis", by charter dated to 1269, witnessed by "Dominis Johanne, filio Johannis…"[952].  “Isabella de Fortibus comitissa de Albemarle et Devoniæ, ac domina Insulæ” donated property to Quarr Abbey, for the soul of “domini mei Willielmi de Fortibus comitis Albemarliæ”, by undated charter[953].  William & his second wife had five children: 

a)         JOHN de Forz (-before 11 Aug 1260).  The Complete Peerage cites a petition dated [1315], by Thomas de Multon and Anthony de Lucy, relating to the manors of Cockermouth and Skipton, which names "John, Thomas, William, Avice and Aveline" as the five children of William de Forz[954]

b)         THOMAS de Forz (9 Sep 1253-before 6 Apr 1269, bur Black Friars Church, Stamford, Lincs).  A hearing "44 Hen III", after the death of "William de Fortibus alias de Ford, de Forz Earl of Albemarle" names "Thomas his son, aged 7 on the morrow of the Nativity of the Blessed May next, is his heir and as yet in the wardship of his mother"[955].  "Isabella de Fortibus comitissa de Albemarle et Devonie ac Domina Insule" confirmed donations to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of "quondam bone memorie Willelmi de Fortibus comitis Albemalle viri nostri et pro animabus Thome et Willelmi de Fortibus filiorum predicti comitis", by charter dated to 1269[956].  The wording of this charter suggests ("filiorum predicti comitis" instead of "filiorum meorum") that the donor was not the mother of Thomas and William but the chronology of this family indicates that this was not the case.  The drafting of the charter is ambiguous whether Thomas and William were deceased at the time or not.  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother" names "four daughters of Hugh de Bulebec and...Ralph de Pleys are next heirs", reciting the full ancestry which proves their heirship: “Richard de Munfichet died without heir...and his inheritance descended to his three sisters...the second sister Avelina married William de Forz Earl of Albemarle and from them issued William de Forz the last earl of Albemarle who had two sons Thomas and William who died without heirs...and one daughter Avelina whom Edmund the king’s brother took to wife...[957]

c)         WILLIAM de Forz (-Oxford, bur Black Friars Church, Oxford).  "Isabella de Fortibus comitissa de Albemarle et Devonie ac Domina Insule" confirmed donations to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of "quondam bone memorie Willelmi de Fortibus comitis Albemalle viri nostri et pro animabus Thome et Willelmi de Fortibus filiorum predicti comitis", by charter dated to 1269[958].  The wording of this charter suggests ("filiorum predicti comitis" instead of "filiorum meorum") that the donor was not the mother of Thomas and William but the chronology of this family indicates that this was not the case.  The drafting of the charter is ambiguous whether Thomas and William were deceased at the time or not.  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother" names "four daughters of Hugh de Bulebec and...Ralph de Pleys are next heirs", reciting the full ancestry which proves their heirship: “Richard de Munfichet died without heir...and his inheritance descended to his three sisters...the second sister Avelina married William de Forz Earl of Albemarle and from them issued William de Forz the last earl of Albemarle who had two sons Thomas and William who died without heirs...and one daughter Avelina whom Edmund the king’s brother took to wife...[959]

d)         AVICE de Forz (-[1260], bur [Meaux abbey]).  The Complete Peerage cites a petition dated [1315], by Thomas de Multon and Anthony de Lucy, relating to the manors of Cockermouth and Skipton, which names "John, Thomas, William, Avice and Aveline" as the five children of William de Forz[960].  The Chronicle of Meaux records that "Willielmum de Fortibus tertium" had "filias…quarum una" was buried "in presbyterio nostro", and "una earum Avelina" married "Edmundo filio regis Henrici tertii"[961].  It is assumed that the former entry refers to Avice, although her name is not specified.  Another passage in the same source records the death of her father and his burial "in presbyterio nostro juxta filiam suam"[962], which suggests that the two died around the same time. 

e)         AVELINE de Forz (Burstwick, Yorks 20 Jan 1259-10 Nov 1274, bur Westminster Abbey).  The Cronicon Cumbriæ names “Hawysiam” as the child of “Willielmus Grossus comes Albemarliæ” and his wife, adding that he was succeeded by “Willielmus de Fortibus comes Albemarliæ”, in turn succeeded by “alter Willielmus de Fortibus”, and the latter by “Avelina” who married “Edmondo fratri domini Regis E” and died childless[963].  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the marriage "VI Id Apr" of "Eadmundus filius Henrici regis" and "filiam et hæredem comitis Aubemarliæ" at Westminster[964].  An enquiry into the age of "Avelina the wife of Edmund the king’s brother, daughter and heir of William sometime earl of Albemarle" includes testimony that "Avelina was 14 on the day of SS Fabian and Sebastian last"[965].  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death in 1274 of "Avelina uxor domini Eadmundi regis filii comitissa Aubermarliæ"[966].  The Chronicle of Thomas Wykes records the death “circa festum Sancti Martini” in 1274 of “uxor domini Edmundi fratris…regis nostri[967].  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother" names "four daughters of Hugh de Bulebec and...Ralph de Pleys are next heirs", reciting the full ancestry which proves their heirship: “Richard de Munfichet died without heir...and his inheritance descended to his three sisters, the first sister Margery married Hugh de Bulebec and from them issued Hugh de Bulebec who had four daughters, Philippa married to Roger de Lancastre, Margery married to Nicholas Corbet, Alice married to Walter de Huntercumbe and Maud married to Hugh de la Valle; the second sister Avelina married William de Forz Earl of Albemarle and from them issued William de Forz the last earl of Albemarle who had two sons Thomas and William who died without heirs...and one daughter Avelina whom Edmund the king’s brother took to wife...; the third sister Philippa married Hugh de Pleys and from them issued Richard de Pleys from whom issued Ralph de Pleys now aged 9 and in the wardship of Robert Aguilun[968]m (contract 6 Apr 1269, Westminster Abbey 8/9 Apr 1269) as his first wife, EDMUND “Crouchback/Gibbosus” of England Earl of Lancaster, son of HENRY III King of England & his wife Eléonore de Provence (London 16 Jan 1245-Bayonne 5 Jun 1296, bur Westminster Abbey). 

 

 

 

GIFFARD (of Weare, Devonshire)

 

 

Robert Giffard, named below, presumably adopted the name Giffard from his maternal grandmother whose brother was Walter Giffard, who was created Earl [of Buckingham] by William II King of England. 

 

ROBERT, son of RAOUL [I] Seigneur de Fougères & his wife Avice de Clare (-after 1129).  Guillaume de Jumièges records that "Richardum”, son of “Gislebertus...filius Godefridi comitis Aucensis”, had two daughters of whom one married “Rodulfo de Telegeriis” by whom she had “Fransualo, Henricus et Robertus Giffard[969].  “Telegeriis” has not been identified: it is unlikely to be Tillières, normally represented as “Tegularias” or variants, which had been granted to Gilbert Crispin by Guillaume II Duke of Normandy.  The same individuals are named in the charter dated 7 Mar 1113 quoted below, which indicates that the family was Fougères: presumably “Telegeriis” is a misreading or mistranscription.  "Radulfus Filgeriensis" with "his wife Avitia" donated property to the abbey of Holy Trinity, Savigny by charter dated 7 Mar 1113, subscribed by "Maino-franswalo filius eius, Henricus et Robertus similiter filii eius…"[970].  Henry I King of England awarded him the lordship of Weare, Devonshire before 1129[971].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt Ostiari fil Giff" and "Rob Gisf" in "Grentebrugescira", and "--- Giffard" accounting for "terra q Ric de Holeweia clamat uers eu" in Devonshire[972]

m ---.  The name of Robert's wife is not known. 

Robert & his wife had two children:

1.         WALTER Giffard (-[1160/70]).  He succeeded his father as lord of Weare, Devonshire.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willemus Giffard" holding "i militem" from "Radulfus de Chahaines" in Hampshire in 1166[973].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willemus Giffard" holding "i militem et dimidium" from Patrick Earl of Salisbury in Wiltshire in 1166[974]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  Walter & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM Giffard .  He succeeded his father as lord of Weare, Devonshire.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willemus Giffard" holding "feodum i militis, et modo Walterus Giffard" from the bishop of Winchester in Hampshire in 1166[975].  The monks of Montacute agreed that "William Giffard lord of Were" shall "farm the sluice at their mill at Lege" by undated charter[976]m ---.  The name of William's wife is not known.  William & his wife had three children[977]:

i)          WALTER Giffard (-after [1242/43]).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Devon, dated to [1242/43], which includes "Walterus Giffard tenet i. feodum de comite Devonie de honore de Plimton"[978]m ALICE, daughter of ---.  Inquisitions after a writ dated 26 Aug "4 Edw I", following the death of "Alice Giffard and Emma her daughter who were out of their minds, as is said", name "Emma daughter of Hugh de Wideworth and the aforesaid Emma, aged 16 and of sane mind and married to Robert de Dineham is the next heir[979].  Walter & his wife had one child: 

(a)       EMMA Giffard (-before 26 Aug 1276).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 26 Aug "4 Edw I", following the death of "Alice Giffard and Emma her daughter who were out of their minds, as is said", name "Emma daughter of Hugh de Wideworth and the aforesaid Emma, aged 16 and of sane mind and married to Robert de Dineham is the next heir[980].  By a writ of certiorari dated 10 Sep "4 Edw I", following the death of "Emma daughter and heir of Walter de Giffard, who was not of sound mind", "Isabel de Fortibus countess of Albemarle” requested confirmation that “the wardship and marriage of the lands and heir of the said Emma pertain to her” and name “Emma her daughter aged 10 on the last day of March last is her next heir” and name “Hugh de Wydewrthe her father whose heir she is[981]m HUGH de Wideworthe, son of --- (-before 1276). 

ii)         ROHESEm RALPH de Albemara, son of ---. 

iii)        CECILIA

2.         ROGER

 

 

 

GLANVILLE

 

 

Glanville-Richards states that this family was named after “Glanville...in the arrondissement of Port-l’Evêque in Normandy[982].  Based on the primary sources which have been consulted so far during the preparation of the present document, satisfactory reconstruction of the relationships between the members of the Glanville family who are named in the 12th century has not been possible.  No record of the Glanville family has been found in the surviving parts of the 1129/30 Pipe Roll.  The family has been studied by Mortimer[983]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Glanville (-after 1086).  Domesday Book records "Robert de Glanville" holding land in Benhall, Suffolk from Robert Malet[984]

 

 

1.         HERVE [I] de Glanville (-after [1150]).  According to Domesday Descendants, Hervé [I] de Glanville was the son of "Robert de Glanville (d.c.1150)" but the primary source on which this information is based has not been identified[985].  King Stephen confirmed properties of Eye priory by charter dated to [Dec 1137/Mar 1138], witnessed by "...Herv[eio] de Gla[nvilla]..."[986].  King Stephen confirmed properties of Blythburgh priory by undated charter, witnessed by "Adam de Belnaco et Herveo de Glanvilla"[987].  "Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[988].  The record of a meeting of the joint shire court of Norfolk and Suffolk at Norwich, dated to [1149/50], included "the oral evidence of an old man (Hervey de Glanvill) who claimed to have attended the court’s meetings for the previous fifty years and declared its custom in no uncertain terms"[989]m ---.  The name of Hervé’s wife is not known.  Hervé [I] & his wife had [seven] children: 

a)         RANULF de Glanville (Stratford 11-- -Acre 1190).  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rannulfus de Glanuile et uxor eius Berta, Matillis, Amabilis, Helewisa, Mabilia, filiæ eorum, et Berct…"[990].  An undated manuscript records that “Ranulphus de Glanville quondam justiciarius Angliæ et fundator domus de Buttele” was born “in villa de Stratford[991]"Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[992].  “Ranulphus de Glanvilla” donated property to Butley priory, Suffolk, in the presence of “uxore mea”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Osberto de Glanvil...Gerardo de Glanvile...Herveo de Glanvile, Savari de Valeines[993]King Henry II confirmed “manerium de Leestune...et Uptonam...et [revenue from] terra de Selfleta” to “Ranulfo de Glamvilla” by undated charter, witnessed by “Ricardo de Luci, Hugone de Cressi, Roberto de Stutevill, Rogero de Stutevill, Willielmo de Stutevill[994].  “Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk, confirmed by “...Rogero de Glamvilla, et Osberto et Gerardo...”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willielmo de Aubervill, Radulfo de Ardene, Rogero de Glamvilla, Osberto de Glamvilla, Willielmo de Valeines, Radulfo Murdac...Teobaldo Walteri...Rogero Walteri, Willielmo filio Willielmi de Aubervill, Thoma de Ardene[995]Benedict of Peterborough names "...Ranulfus de Glanvil justiciarius Angliæ, Gerardus de Glanvilla frater ipsius..." among those present at the coronation of King Richard I 3 Sep 1189[996].  Benedict of Peterborough records "Ranulfus de Glanvil justitiarius regis Anglie" among those who died at the siege of Acre[997].  Matthew Paris records the death 1190 of "Ranulphus de Glanevile"[998].  A letter dated 21 Oct 1190, recording the arrival of the archbishop of Canterbury at Tyre, names “...Randulfus de Glanvilla” among those who had died [in Palestine][999]m BERTHA de Valoignes, daughter of THEOBALD de Valoignes & his wife ---.  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rannulfus de Glanuile et uxor eius Berta, Matillis, Amabilis, Helewisa, Mabilia, filiæ eorum…"[1000].  An undated manuscript records that “Ranulphus de Glanville quondam justiciarius Angliæ et fundator domus de Buttele” was born “in villa de Stratford” and married “Bertam filiam domini Theobaldi de Valoniis senioris domini de Perham”, who granted “terram de Brochous...in libero maritagio[1001]Ranulphus de Glanvilla” donated property to Butley priory, Suffolk, in the presence of “uxore mea”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Osberto de Glanvil...Gerardo de Glanvile...Herveo de Glanvile, Savari de Valeines[1002]Herveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Willielmo de Albervilla, Willielmo de Valoniis, Roberto de Valoniis...Willelmo de Glanvilla clerico et filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[1003]Randulf & his wife had four children: 

i)          MATILDA de Glanville .  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rannulfus de Glanuile et uxor eius Berta, Matillis, Amabilis, Helewisa, Mabilia, filiæ eorum…"[1004].  An undated manuscript names “Matildem, Amabillam et Helwisiam” as the three daughters of “Ranulphus de Glanville quondam justiciarius Angliæ et fundator domus de Buttele” and his wife, adding that Matilda was granted “ex dono patris sui...villam de Benhal...cum advocatione ecclesiæ sive monasterii beatæ Mariæ de Buttele” and married “militi...Gulielmo de Aubervil” by whom she had “Hugo de Aubervil”, whose son was “Willielmus de Aubervil” (listing his descendants)[1005]m WILLIAM de Auberville, son of ---.  Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willielmo de Aubervill, Radulfo de Ardene...Willielmo filio Willielmi de Aubervill, Thoma de Ardene[1006]

ii)         AMABILIS de Glanville .  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rannulfus de Glanuile et uxor eius Berta, Matillis, Amabilis, Helewisa, Mabilia, filiæ eorum…"[1007].  An undated manuscript names “Matildem, Amabillam et Helwisiam” as the three daughters of “Ranulphus de Glanville quondam justiciarius Angliæ et fundator domus de Buttele” and his wife, adding that Amabilis was granted “ex dono patris sui...medietatem villæ de Baudeseye et medietatem villæ de Finbergh” and married “Radulphum de Ardern” by whom she had “Thomas de Ardern filius et hæres” (listing his descendants)[1008]m RALPH de Ardern, son of ---.  Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willielmo de Aubervill, Radulfo de Ardene...Willielmo filio Willielmi de Aubervill, Thoma de Ardene[1009]

iii)        HELOISE de Glanville (-1 Mar 1195).  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rannulfus de Glanuile et uxor eius Berta, Matillis, Amabilis, Helewisa, Mabilia, filiæ eorum…"[1010].  An undated manuscript names “Matildem, Amabillam et Helwisiam” as the three daughters of “Ranulphus de Glanville quondam justiciarius Angliæ et fundator domus de Buttele” and his wife, adding that Heloise was granted “ex dono patris sui...medietatem villæ de Baudeseye et medietatem villæ de Finbergh” and married “Robertum filium Roberti” by whom she had “Radulphus filius et hæres” (listing his descendants)[1011]A mid-15th century manuscript records that "Robertum filium Radulphi" married "Helwisia filia Ranulphi Glamuille"[1012]m ROBERT, son of RALPH & his wife Agatha de Brus. 

iv)       MABILIA de Glanville .  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rannulfus de Glanuile et uxor eius Berta, Matillis, Amabilis, Helewisa, Mabilia, filiæ eorum…"[1013]

b)         [ROGER de Glanville (-after Apr 1192).  The primary source which confirms Roger’s parentage has not been identified.  However, the charters in which the Glanville family are named, in particular the charter under which his supposed brother Ranulf founded Leiston abbey and his own charter in which he names his own brother Hervé (see below), suggest that he may have been a younger son of Hervé de Glanville.  This suggestion is consistent with the chronology of his career.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "Rogerus de Glanville iv milites de feodo uxoris suæ" in Essex in the fee of William de Montfichet[1014].  “Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk, confirmed by “...Rogero de Glamvilla, et Osberto et Gerardo...”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogero de Glamvilla, Osberto de Glamvilla...[1015]A charter of King Henry II confirmed donations to Bungay Nunnery by “Rogeri de Glanvill et Gundredæ comitissæ uxoris meæ” of property at Bungay[1016].  “Rogerus de Glanvilla” donated “ecclesiam S. Mariæ de Middeltune” to Leiston abbey, for the souls of “meæ et...comitissæ Gundredæ uxoris meæ et...uxoris meæ Christinæ et...Hervei fratris mei”, by undated charter[1017]Benedict of Peterborough records the participation of "Rogerus de Glanvil" at the siege of Acre in Dec 1190[1018].  "Roger de Glanvill and Gundreda the countess his wife" donated land "in Bungey" to Bungey nunnery, confirmed 13 Mar 1235[1019]m firstly CHRISTIANA, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "Rogerus de Glanville iv milites de feodo uxoris suæ" in Essex in the fee of William de Montfichet[1020].  “Rogerus de Glanvilla” donated “ecclesiam S. Mariæ de Middeltune” to Leiston abbey, for the souls of “meæ et...comitissæ Gundredæ uxoris meæ et...uxoris meæ Christinæ et...Hervei fratris mei”, by undated charter[1021]m secondly (after 1177) as her second husband, GUNDRED, widow of HUGH Bigod Earl of Norfolk, daughter of --- (-[1200/08]).  “Rogerus de Glanvilla” donated “ecclesiam S. Mariæ de Middeltune” to Leiston abbey, for the souls of “meæ et...comitissæ Gundredæ uxoris meæ et...uxoris meæ Christinæ et...Hervei fratris mei”, by undated charter[1022]A charter of King Henry II confirmed donations to Bungay Nunnery by “Rogeri de Glanvill et Gundredæ comitissæ uxoris meæ” of property at Bungay[1023].  It is probably a safe conclusion that Roger de Glanville’s “countess Gundred” was the widow of the earl of Norfolk as no other countess of this name has been identified at that time in England.] 

c)         [OSBERT de Glanville (-after [1190]).  The primary source which confirms Osbert’s parentage has not been identified.  However, the charters in which the Glanville family are named, in particular the charter under which his supposed brother Ranulf founded Leiston abbey (see below), suggest that he may have been a younger son of Hervé de Glanville.  "Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1024].  “Ranulphus de Glanvilla” donated property to Butley priory, Suffolk, in the presence of “uxore mea”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Osberto de Glanvil...Gerardo de Glanvile...Herveo de Glanvile, Savari de Valeines[1025]Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk, confirmed by “...Rogero de Glamvilla, et Osberto et Gerardo...”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogero de Glamvilla, Osberto de Glamvilla...[1026]m as her second husband, ---, widow of WILLIAM de Criketot, daughter of ---.  A charter of Leiston abbey names the wife of Osbert de Glanville as the widow of William de Criketot[1027].] 

d)         [HERVE [II] de Glanville (-after 1166).  His name suggests that Hervé was a younger son of Hervé [I] de Glanville, although the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not been identified.  The charter of Roger de Glanville, quoted below, shows that he and Hervé were brothers.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "Herveius de Glanville i militem" in Cambridgeshire in the fee of the bishop of Ely[1028].  “Ranulphus de Glanvilla” donated property to Butley priory, Suffolk, in the presence of “uxore mea”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Osberto de Glanvil...Gerardo de Glanvile...Herveo de Glanvile, Savari de Valeines[1029]Rogerus de Glanvilla” donated “ecclesiam S. Mariæ de Middeltune” to Leiston abbey, for the souls of “meæ et...comitissæ Gundredæ uxoris meæ et...uxoris meæ Christinæ et...Hervei fratris mei”, by undated charter[1030].] 

e)         GERARD de Glanville (-after 3 Sep 1189).  Ranulphus de Glanvilla” donated property to Butley priory, Suffolk, in the presence of “uxore mea”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Osberto de Glanvil...Gerardo de Glanvile...Herveo de Glanvile, Savari de Valeines[1031]Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk, confirmed by “...Rogero de Glamvilla, et Osberto et Gerardo...”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogero de Glamvilla, Osberto de Glamvilla...[1032]Benedict of Peterborough names "...Ranulfus de Glanvil justiciarius Angliæ, Gerardus de Glanvilla frater ipsius..." among those present at the coronation of King Richard I 3 Sep 1189[1033]

f)          [--- .  Assuming that "neptis" in the source quoted below can be translated as niece, one of Mabilia’s parents was the sibling of Ranulf Granville.]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          MABILIA (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Mabilia…neptis Rannulfi de Glanville…uxor Albrici Picot”, her property “in Bukeswurthe…in feodo Gileberti de Muntfichet", and her "ii filios et iii filias, et primogenitus est miles[1034]m AUBRY Picot, son of HENRY Picot & his wife --- (-after 1171). 

g)         [--- .  One parent of the wife of Robert de Crec was presumably the child of Hervé de Glanville as shown by the following document: “Bartholomæus de Crec filius Roberti de Crec” donated property to St Osith’s, Essex, for the soul of “Herivæi de Glanvill avi matris meæ”, by undated charter[1035].  This assumes that “Herivæi de Glanvill” who is named in this document was Hervé [I] and not Hervé [II] who is named below.]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          daughter .  A grand-daughter of Hervé Glanville presumably married Robert de Crec as shown by the following document: “Bartholomæus de Crec filius Roberti de Crec” donated property to St Osith’s, Essex, for the soul of “Herivæi de Glanvill avi matris meæ”, by undated charter[1036].  This assumes that “Herivæi de Glanvill” who is named in this document was Hervé [I] and not Hervé [II] who is named below.  m ROBERT de Crec, son of ---.] 

 

 

[Two] brothers: 

1.         WILLIAM de Glanville"Guillelmus de Glanvilla" donated salt and a serf to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron by charter dated to [1130], witnessed and confirmed by "filiorum meorum Bartholomei et Anselmi et Basilie uxoris mee"[1037]m BASILIA [de Bertun], daughter of --- (-after [1150]).  "Guillelmus de Glanvilla" donated salt and a serf to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron by charter dated to [1130], witnessed and confirmed by "filiorum meorum Bartholomei et Anselmi et Basilie uxoris mee"[1038].  Her possible family origin is indicated by the undated charter under which [her son] Bartholmeus de Glanvilla” confirmed donations to Bromholm, Norfolk made by “pater meus Willielmus de Glanvilla...avunculi mei Rogeri de Bertuna...[1039].  "…dna Basil matre dni Bartholom, Matilde uxore dni, Leticia filia ei" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1040]William & his wife had two children: 

a)         BARTHOLOMEW de Glanville (-1180).  "Guillelmus de Glanvilla" donated salt and a serf to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron by charter dated to [1130], witnessed and confirmed by "filiorum meorum Bartholomei et Anselmi et Basilie uxoris mee"[1041]Bartholmeus de Glanvilla” confirmed donations to Bromholm, Norfolk made by “pater meus Willielmus de Glanvilla...avunculi mei Rogeri de Bertuna...” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Harveio de Glanvill et Randulfo filio eius, Rogero de Glanvill, et Willielmo de Glanvill...Osberto de Glanvilla, et Reginaldo de Glanvilla...[1042].  "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill" by charter dated to [1150], which names "Rogeri avunculi mei"[1043]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  "…dna Basil matre dni Bartholom, Matilde uxore dni, Leticia filia ei" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill" by charter dated to [1150][1044].  Bartholomew & his wife had one child: 

i)          LETITIA de Glanville (before [1150]-).  "…dna Basil matre dni Bartholom, Matilde uxore dni, Leticia filia ei" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1045]

b)         ANSELM de Glanville .  "Guillelmus de Glanvilla" donated salt and a serf to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron by charter dated to [1130], witnessed and confirmed by "filiorum meorum Bartholomei et Anselmi et Basilie uxoris mee"[1046]

2.         [ROGER .  "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill" by charter dated to [1150], which names "Rogeri avunculi mei"[1047].  It is not known whether Roger was the paternal or maternal uncle of Bartholomew.] 

 

 

1.         ROGER de Glanville .  "Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…dna Basil matre dni Bartholom, Matilde uxore dni, Leticia filia ei" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1048]m ---.  The name of Roger’s wife is not known.  Roger & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Glanville (-after 1166).  "Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1049].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "Robertus de Glanville dimidium militem" in Norfolk in the fee of William Bishop of Norwich[1050].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records "Robertus de Glanville iii milites" in Norfolk in the fee of Hugh Bigod Earl of Norfolk[1051]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Glanville (-after [1150]).  "Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1052]

 

2.         REYNOLD de Glanville (-after [1150]).  "Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[1053]

 

3.         STEPHEN de Glanville, son of --- m --- de Munchensy, daughter of WARIN de Munchensy & his wife Agnes ---.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Holkham” held by “Agnes de Muntchenesy…lx annorum…filia Pagani filii Johannis”, adding that she had “iii filios primogenitus…Radulphus et secundus Willelmus…ambo milites, tertius…Hubertus…clericus…[et] ii filias…una nupta Stephano de Glanville et altera Willemo Painel[1054]

 

 

 

GOURNAY

 

 

This family was presumably related to the Seigneurs de Gournay in Normandy (see the document NORMANDY NOBILITY-ARQUES, AUMÂLE, CAUX) but, if this is correct, the connection has not been traced.  The precise relationships between the individuals shown below have not been identified, although the name Gournay indicates that they were all related, maybe through the female line.  The name Gournay was passed to Eva, daughter of Hawise de Gournay and her husband Robert [de Berkeley], and from her to her son Robert de Gournay (see the document UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY A-C). 

 

 

1.         NIGEL (-after 1086).  Domesday Book records “Nigel” holding Barrow Gurney (as well as other land) from the bishop of Coutances in Somerset[1055]

 

2.         HAWISE de Gournay (-after [1143]).  The Annals of Bermondsey record that “Hawisia de Gurnay” donated “ecclesiam de Inglescombe in comitatu Somersetiæ” to Bermondsey in 1112[1056].  "Hawis de Gurnai" donated "ecclesiam de Ingliscumbe" to Bermondsey, for the souls of “Rogeri de Baalun mariti mei et Rogeri Baalun filii mei”, by undated charter witnessed by “Patricius comes, Radus Baalun, Hamelinus de Baalun, Arnoldus de Baalun, Robertus de Gundeville, Mattus de Gurnay...[1057].  Gurney identifies the witness “Patricius comes” as Patrick Earl of Salisbury (earl from [1143] to 1168)[1058].  If that is correct (which appears likely), the 1112 date for the donation recorded in the Annals of Bermondsey appears impossible.  Alternatively, it is possible that the undated charter represents an amalgamation of other documents from different dates.  The chronology of the Ballon family suggests that it is unlikely that Hawise, wife of Roger de Ballon, was the same person as Hawise, daughter of Robert de Gournay who married Robert [de Berkeley] (see below).  If this speculation is correct, no indication has been found of the identity of Hawise’s parents.  ["Awys de Gurnaio" donated "terra de Athelingeworth...ex donacione Rogeri de Clera mariti mei" to Lewes priory by undated charter[1059].  In another passage, Gurney quotes what appears to be another version of the same charter: “Hawisia de Gurnais” donated “terram de Athelingworth, quam in dotem accepi ex donatione Rogeri de Clera mariti mei, sicut Rogerus de Clera et Radulphus frater et hæres ipsius dederunt” to Lewes, undated[1060].  Neither of these documents provides any indication of the chronology of Roger de Clere.  The fact that Roger’s heir was his brother Ralph indicates that his marriage to Hawise was childless, which may indicate that this was her second marriage contracted when she was relatively old.  If that is correct, Roger de Clere’s wife could have been either the widow of Roger de Ballon or the widow of Robert de Gournay.]  m [firstly] ROGER de Ballon, son of WINEBAUD de Ballon & his wife Isabelle --- (-after 1126).  [m secondly ROGER de Clere, son of ---.] 

 

3.         ROBERT de Gournay of Barrow, Somerset (-before 1166).  “...Roberto de Gurnar...” witnessed the charter dated to [1123/Jul 1129] under which Henry I King of England notified the bishop of Worcester that he had granted "terram que fuit Adelize uxoris Ursonis de Abbetot sicut ipsa Adeliza eam ei concessit" to "Waltero de Bello Campo"[1061].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the roll of knights of William Earl of Gloucester in Kent which includes "feodum quod fuit Roberti de Gornac[o] ix milites"[1062]m [as her first husband,] HAWISE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by Stapleton in a later passage which names “Roger de Peauton” as second husband of [her granddaughter] Eva, adding that while married to him she confirmed her donation to Bermondsey monastery of the church of Inglishcombe which had earlier been donated by “Hawisia her grandmother, widow of Robert de Gurnay, and [by] Hawisia her own mother[1063].  It is possible that Hawise was the daughter of Hawise de Gournay, wife of Roger de Ballon, who is named above.  [She may have married secondly Roger de Clere: "Awys de Gurnaio" donated "terra de Athelingeworth...ex donacione Rogeri de Clera mariti mei" to Lewes priory by undated charter[1064].  In another passage, Gurney quotes what appears to be another version of the same charter: “Hawisia de Gurnais” donated “terram de Athelingworth, quam in dotem accepi ex donatione Rogeri de Clera mariti mei, sicut Rogerus de Clera et Radulphus frater et hæres ipsius dederunt” to Lewes, undated[1065].  Neither of these documents provides any indication of the chronology of Roger de Clere.  The fact that Roger’s heir was his brother Ralph indicates that his marriage to Hawise was childless, which may indicate that this was her second marriage contracted when she was relatively old.  If that is correct, Roger de Clere’s wife could have been either the widow of Roger de Ballon or the widow of Robert de Gournay.]  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         HAWISE de Gournay (-after 1188).  Stapleton names “Hawisia, daughter and heiress of Robert de Gurnay of Barrow in [Somerset]” as the first wife of Robert FitzHarding and mother of his daughter “Eva de Gurnay”, but he does not cite the corresponding primary source[1066].  Her name and parentage are confirmed by Stapleton in a later passage which names “Roger de Peauton” as second husband of [her daughter] Eva, adding that while married to him she confirmed her donation to Bermondsey monastery of the church of Inglishcombe which had earlier been donated by “Hawisia her grandmother, widow of Robert de Gurnay, and [by] Hawisia her own mother[1067].  As noted above, the chronology suggests that Hawise was not the same person as Hawise, widow of Roger de Ballon (see above).  "Hathewisia de Gurneio" noted that "Alexander de Bidicumba" had sold “totam terram suam de Cliveware...quam Robertus de Gurneio pater meus ei...dedit” to “Thome filio Willelmi” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Matheo de Gurneio...[1068].  Hawise is last named in the 1188 Pipe Roll[1069]m as his first wife, ROBERT [de Berkeley], son of ROBERT FitzHarding & his wife Eva --- (-[1195]). 

 

 

The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Will fil Johis" in Somerset and Devonshire[1070].  The 1155/56 Pipe Roll records "Will fil Johis" in Somerset[1071].  The 1159/60 Pipe Roll records "Willo fil Johis" in Somerset[1072].  The 1171/72 Pipe Roll records "Willo fil Johis" in Somerset[1073]

 

Three siblings:

1.         HENRY de Tilly .  King John confirmed "tenementa sua in Angl et in Norm" to "Henri de Tylli", as held during the reign of King Henry I by "Wills fil Johis pat suus" dated 23 Sep 1200[1074].  An undated charter records that "Henricum de Tilleio" granted "in Anglia honorem de Harpetrou" to “Willielmum filium Johannis fratrem suum”, referrring to “maritagium Cecilie sororis eorum[1075]

2.         WILLIAM FitzJohn (-after 1224).  An undated charter records that "Henricum de Tilleio" granted "in Anglia honorem de Harpetrou" to “Willielmum filium Johannis fratrem suum”, referrring to “maritagium Cecilie sororis eorum[1076].  The Fine Rolls record an agreement between "Willm fil Johis" and "Rob de Gurnay...filius Thom primogeniti filii ipsius Will et Matild...ex Eva uxore sua" concerning “manerio de Kerenton”, dated 1224, which records that the manor was “de hereditate Matild quondam uxoris ipsius Willi”, with the consent of “Pagano filio ipsi Willi qui fuit frat predicti Thom[1077]m MATILDA, daughter of --- (-before 1224).  The Fine Rolls record an agreement between "Willm fil Johis" and "Rob de Gurnay...filius Thom primogeniti filii ipsius Will et Matild...ex Eva uxore sua" concerning “manerio de Kerenton”, dated 1224, which records that the manor was “de hereditate Matild quondam uxoris ipsius Willi”, with the consent of “Pagano filio ipsi Willi qui fuit frat predicti Thom[1078].  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         THOMAS FitzWilliam of Harptree (-before 1213).  "Hathewisia de Gurneio" noted that "Alexander de Bidicumba" had sold “totam terram suam de Cliveware...quam Robertus de Gurneio pater meus ei...dedit” to “Thome filio Willelmi” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Matheo de Gurneio...[1079]m as her first husband, EVA [de Berkeley/de Gournay], daughter of ROBERT de Berkeley & his first wife Hawise de Gournay (-before 1213).  Stapleton names “Hawisia, daughter and heiress of Robert de Gurnay of Barrow in [Somerset]” as the first wife of Robert FitzHarding and mother of his daughter “Eva de Gurnay”, but he does not cite the corresponding primary source[1080].  "Mauricius de Gant" paid a fine "loco Eve sororis sue…pro habenda terra q hereditarie eandem Evam…et Thom fil Willi quondam viri sui" in Gloucestershire and Somerset, dated 1213[1081].  King John confirmed "manerium de Barewe", which he had "in vita sua ex concessione Eve de Gornay sororis sue", to "Mauricio de Gant" by charter dated 28 Jul 1214[1082].  The name "de Gournay" applied to Eva could suggest that she only shared one parent with Maurice de Gant, presumably their mother, but this hypothesis appears disproved by the record quoted below which names Robert de Gournay as heir of Maurice de Gant.  She married secondly Roger de Peauton.  Stapleton names “Roger de Peauton” as second husband of Eva, adding that while married to him she confirmed her donation to Bermondsey monastery of the church of Inglishcombe which had earlier been donated by “Hawisia her grandmother, widow of Robert de Gurnay, and [by] Hawisia her own mother”, without citing the corresponding primary sources[1083].  Thomas & his wife had one child:

i)          ROBERT de Gournay (-[1269]).  The 1227 Pipe Roll records "Robertus de Gurnaco filius et hæres Thomæ de Harpetrie" and "Robertus de Gurnay hæres Evæ de Gurnay" making returns[1084].  Stapleton quotes (in translation) the donation by “Robert de Gurnay, son and heir of Eva de Gurnay” of the advowson of Inglishcombe church to Bermondsey monastery, for the souls of “Thomas my father, Eva my mother, Hawisia de Gurnay my grandmother”, dated 1227[1085].  "Robertus de Gurnay heres Mauricii de Gaunt" protested that “juris...in tribus hundredis de Beminstr, Hareclive et de Porbir” reverted to “Thomam de Berkel” after the death of Maurice, but his claim was rejected, dated 1230[1086].  His claim was presumably dismissed because these properties were the subject of the charter dated to the reign of King John under which “Maurice de Gant” granted “the three hundreds...Bedminster, Portbury and Hareclive” [in Somerset], which “Robert Fitzharding gave to Robert Juvenis his father”, to “Thomas de Berkeley” provided the grantor died without an heir[1087]m HAWISE de Longchamp, daughter of ---.  Gurney names "Hawisa de Longchamp" as the wife of Robert de Gournay, commenting "of what family of Longchamp she was does not appear, but probably of the baronial family of that name seated at Wilton in Herefordshire[1088].  Robert & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ANSELM de Gournay (-before 28 Oct 1286).  King Henry III took homage of “Anselm de Gurnay son and heir of Robert de Gurnay deceased” on 13 Jun 1269[1089].  A petition to the king dated to [1281] by "Peres de Seynt Hillare", relating to land at Corston, Somerset, records that "Aunsel de Gunney et Sibille sa femme” named “Reynald le fiz Pers et Johane sa femme Gy de Rochicheward e Sibille sa femme Johan de Beauchamp et Cecille sa femme e Fulke de Archiake e Mabille sa femme heyrs Sire Gwillam de Forz[1090].  It should be noted that these names are incorrectly transcribed as “Sibyl wife of Aunsel de Gunney, Reginald father of Aunsel de Gunney, Joan wife of Reginald de Gunney, Guy de Rochicheward, Sibyl wife of Guy de Rochicheward, John de Beauchamp, Cecily wife of John de Beauchamp, Fulk de Archiake, Mabel wife of Fulk de Archiake, William de Forz" in a summary of the document on the National Archives website[1091]A writ dated 28 Oct "14 Edw I", after the death of "Anselm de Gurney", names "John his son aged 30 and more is his next heir"[1092]m (1246) SIBYLLE de Vivonne, daughter of HUGUES de Vivonne & his wife Mabel Malet (-after 15 Jul 1269).  Corton escheated to the king from Henry de Saint Hilaire, a Norman, and in 1246 was granted to "Hugh de Vivonia, who settled it in frank-marriage upon his daughter Sibyl, wife of Anselm de Gurney and sister of William de Fortibus"[1093].  The Somersetshire Pleas for 15 Jul 1269 include a record that "Henry de Saint Leyre, uncle of Peter" was seised of land in "Corfton" previously held by "Aunsell de Gurnay and his wife Sibyl", and the latter couple "came and vouched to warrant Emery de Roche Chaward, son of Emery de Roche Chaward, and Joan his wife, Sibyl, Mabel and Cecily, the daughters and heirs of William de Fortibus"[1094]

-         GOURNAY FAMILY of HARPTREE[1095]

b)         PAGAN (-after 1224).  The Fine Rolls record an agreement between "Willm fil Johis" and "Rob de Gurnay...filius Thom primogeniti filii ipsius Will et Matild...ex Eva uxore sua" concerning “manerio de Kerenton”, dated 1224, which records that the manor was “de hereditate Matild quondam uxoris ipsius Willi”, with the consent of “Pagano filio ipsi Willi qui fuit frat predicti Thom[1096]

3.         CECILIA .  An undated charter records that "Henricum de Tilleio" granted "in Anglia honorem de Harpetrou" to “Willielmum filium Johannis fratrem suum”, referrring to “maritagium Cecilie sororis eorum[1097]

 

 

1.         WALTER de Gournay (-before 1166).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records the “Carta Manasseri de Danmartin” in Suffolk which includes "et in tempore gwerræ de illo feodo dedi Waltero de Cornaco i. quartum militis. Et nunc illam partem tenet Willelmus filius suus in auxilium mihi..."[1098]m ---.  The name of Walter’s wife is not known.  Walter & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Gournay .  The Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records the “Carta Manasseri de Danmartin” in Suffolk which includes "et in tempore gwerræ de illo feodo dedi Waltero de Cornaco i. quartum militis. Et nunc illam partem tenet Willelmus filius suus in auxilium mihi..."[1099]

 

 

 

GOXHILL

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         RALPH de Goxhill (-after 1147).  King Stephen confirmed various donations to Bridlington, including the donation of “ecclesiam de Sprotelaia” made by "Radulfus de Gosla" by charter dated to [1135/39][1100].  “Radulfus de Goxa” donated "terre in Goxa" {Goxhill, Lincolnshire} by charter dated to [1147/68], witnessed by "…Ernisio fratre meo…"[1101]

2.         ERNEIS de Goxhill (-[1147/52]).  “Radulfus de Goxa” donated "terre in Goxa" {Goxhill, Lincolnshire} by charter dated to [1147/68], witnessed by "…Ernisio fratre meo…"[1102].  “Willelmus Albemarlensis comes” confirmed the donation of "terre in Goxa et ecclesiam de Sprottelay" donated to Bridlington by "Radulfus de Goxa et Ernisius [frater] eius" by charter dated to [1147/68][1103].  He presumably died before 1152, the date when his son Robert witnessed in a charter.  m ---.  The name of Erneis’s wife is not known.  Erneis & his wife had two children: 

a)         RALPH FitzErneis de Goxhill (-[before 1152]).  “R[obertus] filius Hernisii” confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Gausla" for the soul of "fratris mei [Radulfi]" by charter dated to [1154/68][1104].  He probably died before 1152, the date when his brother Robert witnessed a charter. 

b)         ROBERT FitzErneis de Goxhill (-[1178/85]).  “H[enricus] de Gousla” notified a gift of land to "Roberto de Sprotlay" by charter dated 1152 witnessed by "Robertus filius Hernisei…"[1105].  "Willelmus de Lamarre filius Alani de Lamarre et Amabilis sponsa eius" confirmed the donation of Ruholm to Newhouse abbey, Lincolnshire, for the soul of "Alani de Lamarre", by charter dated to [1157/63], witnessed by "..:Roberto filio Ernisii de Gousla…"[1106].  “R[obertus] filius Hernisii” confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Gausla" for the soul of "fratris mei [Radulfi]" by charter dated to [1154/68][1107].  "Johannes Yngelram et Robertus filius Ernisii et Adelina filia mea" donated land "Moresdal" to Whitby by undated charter[1108].  "Johannes Ingeram et Robertus filius Ernisii gener meus et hæres meus" donated land "juxta Midlesburc" to Whitby by undated charter[1109]m ADELINE Ingram, daughter and heiress of JOHN Ingram of Arnecliffe & his wife ---.  "Johannes Yngelram et Robertus filius Ernisii et Adelina filia mea" donated land "Moresdal" to Whitby by undated charter[1110].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

i)          ADAM de Goxhill (-1205 or before)m ([1189/90]) as her first husband, GUNDREDA de Vere, daughter of GUY de Vere & his wife --- (-after 1205).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by a record in the Pipe Rolls of "Wid de Ver" liquidating a debt in Lincolnshire for an agreement made in the king’s court with "Adam generu suu" in 1189/90[1111].  She married secondly Nicholas de Chavencurt.  Her second marriage is confirmed by a charter in the Selby cartulary[1112].  Adam & his wife had one child: 

(a)       WALTER de Vere (-1213 or before).  He adopted his mother’s name.  "Sim de Kima" guaranteed a fine owed by "Walt de Ver" which "predictus Sim fecit cum domino Rege…per debito Ade fil Rob patris ipsius Walteri", dated 1205[1113].  “Walterus de Ver filius Ade de Gousle” confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam Sancti Swithini de Sprottele" to Bridlington by charter dated to [1200/13][1114]m as her first husband, SIBYLLA, daughter of ---.  "Sibilla [quæ fuit uxor Walteri de Ver]" donated land "in Broctona" to Rievaulx abbey[1115].  She married secondly Nicholas de Chavencurt.  "Nicholai de Chaumcurt et Sibillæ uxoris eius" donated land "in Brocton" to Rievaulx abbey[1116].  Adam & his wife had one child: 

(1)       SIMON de Vere (-after 1242).  Justices were appointed to hear a claim by the prior of Bridlington against "Simonem de Ver" relating to "ecclesie de Gousle" dated 10 Aug 1229[1117]

ii)         --- de Goxhill (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Simonis de Crievequeor…filia Roberti filii Ernisii de Gousele”, her land "in Huddintune…de feodo Walteri de Neville", adding that she was 24 years old and had two sons “primogenitus…v annorum…in custodia matris per Dominum Regem” and two daughters, in a later passage naming her mother "filie Johannis Ingelram" and specifying that her younger son was 4 years old, and that "post mortem Simonis de Crievequor terra de Hakenton fuit in manu Domini Regis"[1118]m SIMON de Crèvecœur, son of RENAUD de Crèvecœur & his wife Matilda --- (-before 1185). 

 

 

1.         PETER de Goxhill (-[1166/67]).  Peter was presumably related to the preceding Goxhill family as Robert FitzErneis de Goxhill witnessed the charter of Henry de Goxhill, maybe the same person as Henry his son (see below).  A charter of King Edward II dated 1 Dec [1319] confirmed donations to Brodholm nunnery in Nottinghamshire, including the donation of “Staynhil, Barnewode” made by “Sarra filia Petri de Gousla”, and of land “in Saxelby” made by "Petrus de Gousla pater suus et Agnes de Camvilla mater sua, et Henricus frater suus"[1119]m AGNES de Camville, daughter of ---.  A charter of King Edward II dated 1 Dec [1319] confirmed donations to Brodholm nunnery in Nottinghamshire, including the donation of “Staynhil, Barnewode” made by “Sarra filia Petri de Gousla”, and of land “in Saxelby” made by "Petrus de Gousla pater suus et Agnes de Camvilla mater sua, et Henricus frater suus"[1120].  Peter & his wife had two children: 

a)         HENRY de Goxhill .  A charter of King Edward II dated 1 Dec [1319] confirmed donations to Brodholm nunnery in Nottinghamshire, including the donation of “Staynhil, Barnewode” made by “Sarra filia Petri de Gousla”, and of land “in Saxelby” made by "Petrus de Gousla pater suus et Agnes de Camvilla mater sua, et Henricus frater suus"[1121]same person as…?  HENRY de Goxhill (-after 1152).  “H[enricus] de Gousla” notified a gift of land to "Roberto de Sprotlay" by charter dated 1152 witnessed by "Robertus filius Hernisei…"[1122]

b)         SARAH de Goxhill .  A charter of King Edward II dated 1 Dec [1319] confirmed donations to Brodholm nunnery in Nottinghamshire, including the donation of “Staynhil, Barnewode” made by “Sarra filia Petri de Gousla”, and of land “in Saxelby” made by "Petrus de Gousla pater suus et Agnes de Camvilla mater sua, et Henricus frater suus"[1123]

 

 

 

GREY (of HETON)

 

 

1.         THOMAS Grey of Heton m as her first husband, ALICE Neville, daughter of RALPH Neville Lord Neville [later Earl of Westmoreland] & his first wife Margaret Stafford.  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Matillidem dominam de Maulay, Alesiam uxorem Thome Gray, Philippam dominam de Dacre, Johannem, Elizabetham minorissam, Annam uxorem Gilberti Vmfraville, Radulphum de Neuille militem, Margaretam uxorem Ricardi Lescrope de Bolton" as the children of "Radulphus dominus de Neuill et comes Westmorlandie" and "Margareta filia Hugonis comitis Stafford, uxor prima"[1124].  She married secondly Gilbert Lancaster

 

 

1.         JOHN Grey of Heton, Northumberland (-killed in battle Baugé, Anjou 22 Mar 1421)m JOAN Cherleton, daughter of EDWARD Cherleton Lord Cherleton & his first wife Eleanor de Holand of the Earls of Kent (-17 Sep 1425).  John & his wife had children: 

a)         HENRY Grey ([1418]-13 Jan 1450).  Earl of Tancarville.  m ([3 Jan 1435]) as her first husband, ANTIGONE, illegitimate daughter of HUMPHREY of Lancaster Duke of Gloucester & his mistress ---.  She married secondly Jean d’AmancierLetters of legitimation were granted Jun 1451 by the French king to “Antigone fille naturelle de Humphrey duc de Gloucester et femme de Jean d’Amancier écuyer d’écurie du roi[1125]

 

 

1.         THOMAS Grey of Heton .  m ---.  Thomas & his wife had one child: 

a)         THOMAS Grey ([1403/04]-before 1443)m (after Feb 1413, annulled before 1426) as her first husband, ISABEL of York, daughter of RICHARD of York Earl of Cambridge & his first wife Anne Mortimer (1409-2 Oct 1484, bur Beeleigh Abbey, Maldon, Essex, later transferred to Little Easton Church, Essex).  A manuscript calendar records the death “VI Non Oct” in 1484 of “dñe Isabelle Comitisse Essex’, consortis Henrici Bourgchier, Comitis Essex[1126].  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Elizabeth Countess of Essex" as daughter of "Anne Countess of Cambridge" and mother of "William Lord Bouchier"[1127].  Her parentage is confirmed in another entry in the same source which records the death “II Id Aug” in 1458 of “Henrici Bourgchier, filii dñe Isabelle, Comitisse Essex’ et Sororis Rici Ducis Ebor[1128].  She married secondly (before 25 Apr 1426) Henry Bourchier Comte d'Eu, who was created Viscount Bourchier [before 14 Dec 1446], and Earl of Essex 30 Jun 1461. 

 

 

 

HARCOURT

 

 

IVO d’Harcourt, son of ROBERT d’Harcourt & his wife Agnes --- (-after 1166).  “Willielmus de Harvecurt” donated “totam terram Stantunie” to Garendon abbey (Leicestershire), with the consent of “Yvonis fratris mei et Agnetis matris mee”, by charter dated 1148[1129].  Pope Anastasius IV (1153/54) confirmed donations to Garendon abbey (Leicestershire), including the donation of “tertiam partem totius terre Stantune” made by “Willielmi de Haurucurth” with the consent of “Yvonis fratris sui et Agnetis matris ipsorum”, by undated charter[1130].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Yvo de Haruecourt" held seven knights’ fees from "Willelmi comitis de Warwico" in Warwickshire[1131]

m ROHESE Peverel, daughter of ROBERT [Pain] Peverel & his wife [Adelisa ---].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[1132].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Roysia" as second of the three sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" who inherited the share of their oldest sister Matilda, adding that "de illa processit Albreda de Harecurt"[1133]

Ivo & his wife had [five] children: 

1.         ROBERT [I] de Harcourt (-after 3 Jul 1202).  “Robertus de Harvecurt” confirmed “Stantonam” to Garendon abbey, donated by “pater meus Yvo de Harvecurt et Willielmus frater eius”, by undated charter[1134].  "…Sim de Hareucort…Rob de Hareucort…" witnessed the charter dated to [1152/67] under which the monks of Leicester abbey authorised the establishment of the church of St Mary the Less, Leicester[1135].  By his marriage, Robert de Harcourt acquired a part of Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire, which had been granted by Adelisia, second wife of King Henry I, in four parts to Reading convent, to the Knights Templars, to [Robert’s wife’s paternal grandmother] “Milisendi cognatæ meæ uxori Roberti Marmium”, and to [Robert’s paternal uncle] “Willielmo de Harestactu”, undated[1136].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "de his qui non habent capitales honores…Roberto de Haroucourt" paying "de dimidia marca" in Oxfordshire[1137].  "...Rob de Harac’t..." witnessed a charter of King John dated 3 Jul 1202[1138]m [ISABEL] de Camville, daughter of RICHARD [II] de Camville of Stanton, Oxfordshire & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the 1192/93 Pipe Roll which records “Robertus de Harecourt dominus de Bosewarda” owing for land “in Stanton...Horton et Sutton, in socha de Rooleya, quod eum contingit de hereditate uxoris sue; que rex Henricus [King Henry II] dedit Ricardo de Camvill [Richard [I] de Camville] et heredibus suis, quos habet de Millesent uxore eius, sicut carta domini regis Henrici testatur[1139].  She is named Isabel in secondary sources but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified.  The earliest reference to her name “Isabel” appears to be Dugdale’s mid-17th century Antiquities of Warwickshire Illustrated which names “Isabella soror et hæres [Ric. de Camvile] ux Roberti de Harecurt de Bosworth”, citing the same 1192/93 Pipe Roll entry quoted above which does not name Robert’s wife[1140].  A tomb in Worcester Cathedral records her son “Sir William de Harcourt, son of Sir Robert de Harcourt, and Isabel de Camville, an. 1209[1141].  However, a letter dated 31 Dec 1805 clarifies that this monument was erected in the early 19th century[1142].  The Victoria County History of Oxfordshire cites Hatton’s Book of Seals as the source which names “the elder Richard de Camville’s daughter Isabel” as Robert’s wife[1143], but Hatton’s extract of the charter in question makes no reference to her name although his commentary does say that the heir of Richard de Camville was “his daughter Isabel who married Robert de Harcourt” (citing the same 1192/93 Pipe Roll)[1144].  It is chronologically impossible that Robert [I]’s wife was the daughter of Richard [I] de Camville.  The error seems to be based on Nichols, who says that Robert de Harcourt married “Isabel” daughter of “Milicent, wife of Richard de Camvill [Richard [I] de Camville]”[1145].  Concerning her name, Domesday Descendants says that “Milisent de Camville” was Robert [I]’s wife[1146].  This is presumably based on the 1192/93 Pipe Roll quoted above.  However, a careful reading of that source indicates that the last element “sicut...testatur” applies to the whole clause “que...eius”, indicating that “Millesent uxore eius” was the wife of “Ricardo de Camvill” and was named in the document as mother of “heredibus suis”.  Robert [I] & his wife had four children: 

a)         WILLIAM [I] de Harcourt (-[2 Jan/6 Apr] 1223, bur Worcester Cathedral).  An order was dated to [Jun] 1223 to confiscate "chattels formerly of William de Harcourt" to pay his debt to the king[1147]

-        see below

b)         ALICE de Harcourt (-after Sep 1212).  The 1198/99 Pipe Roll records "Robert de Harcurt" in Warwick and Leicestershires and “the Earl of Warwick accounts for 100 marks for having to wife Robert de Harecurt’s daughter, widow of John de Limesi[1148]m firstly JOHN de Limesey Lord of Cavendish, Suffolk, son of GERARD de Limesey & his wife Amice de Bidun (-1193).  m secondly ([1196/98]) as his second wife, WALERAN Earl of Warwick, son of ROGER Earl of Warwick & his wife Gundred de Warenne of Surrey (-[24 Dec 1203]). 

c)         ROBERT de Harcourt .  King John granted the widow of Guy de Dive to William de Harcourt for his brother Robert in marriage in 1214[1149]m (1214) as her second husband, ---, widow of GUY de Dive, daughter of ---.  King John granted the widow of Guy de Dive to William de Harcourt for his brother Robert in marriage in 1214[1150]

d)         IVO de Harcourt (-before 1216).  King John granted land at Linham, Oxfordshire which was “Ive de Harcourt’s, his brother” to William de Harcourt “our steward” in 1216[1151]

2.         SIMON de Harcourt (-after May 1201).  "…Sim de Hareucort…Rob de Hareucort…" witnessed the charter dated to [1152/67] under which the monks of Leicester abbey authorised the establishment of the church of St Mary the Less, Leicester[1152].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Simon de Harocurt" owing for "Seinton et Morton p pl Rob de Harocurt" and other places, in Warwickshire and Leicestershire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][1153].  The conjunction of their names suggests that Simon and Robert de Harcourt were brothers. 

3.         ALBREDA de Harcourt ([1134/35]-before 1205).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[1154].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Roysia" as second of the three sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" who inherited the share of their oldest sister Matilda, adding that "de illa processit Albreda de Harecurt" who was mother of "Galfridus Trussebut, Rogerus, Robertus, Willelmus et Ricardus Trussebut", all of whom died "sine herede", and three sisters "Roysia, Hyllaria et Agatha"[1155].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Alberia de Harwecurt…L annorum…iv filios” and her land “in Branteston…maritagium suum[1156].  "Hillaria Trussebut" paid a fine for "terra de Branteston q fuit Albréé de Harecurt matris sue" in Northamptonshire, dated 1205[1157]m WILLIAM [II] Trussebut, son of WILLIAM [I] Trussebut & his wife --- (-[1175/76]). 

4.         [WILLIAM de Harcourt (-before 1199).  His parentage has not been confirmed, but from a chronological point of view he could have been the brother of Robert and Simon de Harcourt.  m AGNES, daughter of --- (-after 1199).  "Agnet q fuit uxor Willi de Harecrt" paid a fine relating to a claim against "Elyam fil Bern et uxorem eius et de hereditate illarum" in Hampshire, dated [1199/1200][1158].] 

5.         [ALICE de Harcourt (-after 1189)The Complete Peerage records her marriage and family origin.  Her parentage has not been confirmed,  From a chronological point of view, she could have been either a daughter of Ivo de Harcourt or of one of his brothers.  m ROBERT [II] de Montfort, son of THURSTAN [II] de Montfort & his wife Juliana Murdac (-before 1185).] 

 

 

1.         ALICE de Harcourt .  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Alicia de Harecurt" paying a fine to marry whom she wishes in England, in Warwickshire and Leicestershire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][1159].  This date is too late for Alice to have been the daughter of Robert de Harcourt who is named above.  She may have been the same person as Alice de Harcourt who married Robert [II] de Montfort. 

 

 

WILLIAM [I] de Harcourt, son of ROBERT [I] de Harcourt & his wife Millicent de Camville (-[2 Jan/6 Apr] 1223, bur Worcester Cathedral[1160]).  Lord of Stanton Harcourt (Oxfordshire) and Stretton (Leicestershire)[1161].  He acquired Ellenhall (Staffordshire) from his wife’s family.  Governor of Corfe Castle, Dorset: Matthew Paris records, in 1212, prophecies issued by “in provincia Eboracensi heremita...Petrus” who was handed by King John to "Willelmus de Harecurt” who imprisoned him for three years at Corfe[1162].  Matthew Paris records, in 1218, the arrival at Damieta in Egypt of “...Willelmo de Harecourt cum æquela multa...[1163].  William de Harcourt donated property to the church of Alveley, Shropshire by charter dated 2 Jan 1223 (N.S.)[1164].  An order dated 6 Apr 1223 instructed the Sheriff of Leicester to impound crops of "executores testamenti Willi de Harecurt" until a debt was paid to the king[1165].  An order was dated to [Jun] 1223 to confiscate "chattels formerly of William de Harcourt" to pay his debt to the king[1166]

m (1201) ALICE Noel, daughter of THOMAS Noel of Ellenhall, Staffordshire & his wife Margaret Lestrange (-after [1226/28]).  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Willelmus de Harecurt" making a fine for "hnda filia primogenita Tom Noel", in Warwickshire and Leicestershire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][1167].  "Thom Noel" paid a fine for the marriage of "filia sua juniore…filio Eustac fil Steph" in Shropshire, and "Will de Harcurt" paid a fine to marry "filia primogenita predicti Thomæ" in Leicestershire, dated 1201[1168].  "Alice de Harcourt and Joan her sister, daughters and heiresses of Margaret Lestrange" made a fine for "their relief of half a knight’s fee…that Margaret held of the king in chief in Alveley and Weston" in Shropshire, dated 15 Apr 1222[1169]"Alicia de Harecurt" donated land "cum corpore meo…in villa de Bruggeford" to Ronton priory, for the souls of "Thomæ Noel patris mei et…domini mei Willelmi de Harcurt", by undated charter[1170]The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Shropshire, dated to [1226/28], which includes "Matildis le Estrange et Alicia de Harecurt et Johanna Noel tenent de domino rege manerium de Alvitheleg"[1171]

William [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

1.         RICHARD [I] de Harcourt ([1202]-Jan 1258).  The Pipe Roll 1223 includes land of “Ricardo filio et heredi Willelmi de Harocurt...in soka de Stratton” in Warwickshire[1172].  "Richard de Harcourt" was accorded a repayment schedule for a debt of "William de Harcourt his father", dated [Apr] 1230[1173]"Ricardus de Harcourt dominus de Elinhale" donated land "in villa de Brugeford" to Ronton priory, for the soul of "Aurabilæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[1174]A writ dated 2 Apr "42 Hen III", after the death of "Richard de Harecurt" names "William his son aged 30 and more is his heir" and manors in Leicestershire, Oxfordshire and Staffordshire[1175]m ORABILIS de Quincy, daughter of SAHER Earl of Winchester & his wife Margaret of Leicester.  A manuscript relating to Ranton Priory, Staffordshire records that “Ricardo de Harecourt” married “Orabillam sororem Rogeri de Quinci”, and lists their descendants[1176].  She brought the manors of Market Bosworth, Shenton and Aylestone, Leicestershire to her husband[1177]"Ricardus de Harcourt dominus de Elinhale" donated land "in villa de Brugeford" to Ronton priory, for the soul of "Aurabilæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[1178].  Richard [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM [II] de Harcourt (-[1270/19 Apr 1271])A manuscript relating to Ranton Priory, Staffordshire names “Willielmo de Harecourt” as son and heir of “Ricardo de Harecourt[1179].  Wedgwood says that William de Harcourt was “dead before 19 Apr 1271 (Plea Rolls)...he was certainly alive in 1270[1180]m firstly ([1250]) ALICE la Zouche, daughter of ROGER la Zouche & his wife Margaret --- (-before early 1256).  A manuscript relating to Ranton Priory, Staffordshire records that “Willielmo de Harecourt” married firstly “Aliciam la Zouche[1181].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a writ dated 18 Feb "7 Edw I", after the death of [her son-in-law] "Henry de Penebrigg" which notes Tong manor (Shropshire) “held by Alan la Souche of the honour of Brecheynoc without service because it was of free marriage, and he gave it to William de Harcourt with Alice his sister in free marriage...[1182].  She brought the manors of Tong (Shropshire) and Aylestone (Leicestershire) to her husband[1183]m secondly ([before early 1256]) HILARIA de Hastings, daughter of HENRY de Hastings & his wife Ada de Huntingdon.  A manuscript relating to Ranton Priory, Staffordshire records that “Willielmo de Harecourt” married “Illariam quæ fuit soror domini Henrici de Hastingges” after the death of his first wife[1184]William [II] & his first wife had two children: 

i)          ORABILIS de HarcourtA writ dated 18 Feb "7 Edw I", after the death of "Henry de Penebrigg" names "Fulk his son aged 8 is his heir", notes Tudeworth manor (Wiltshire) “held by Roger la Suche of John Biset, and he gave it to Gilbert de Stanford with Lora his daughter in free marriage, and the said Gilbert being dead, the said Lora gave the same to Arrabilia late the wife of the said Henry and to Fulk their son”, Tong manor (Shropshire) “held by Alan la Souche of the honour of Brecheynoc without service because it was of free marriage, and he gave it to William de Harcourt with Alice his sister in free marriage, who begat a daughter Orrabilis whom the said Henry de Penebruge married”, and Aylestone (Leicestershire) and Tong (Shropshire) “given by William de Harrecurt lord of Ayliston to his two daughters Orrabilis and Margery jointly; afterwards came Henry de Penbrugg and married the said Orrabilis, and John de Canti Lupo the said Margery...who died...without heir of their bodies, and so that manor reverted to Fulk son and heir of the said Henry and Orrabilis[1185]m HENRY de Pembridge, son of --- (-before 18 Feb 1279). 

ii)         MARGERY de Harcourt (-before 18 Feb 1279).  Her parentage, marriage and date of death are confirmed by a writ dated 18 Feb "7 Edw I", after the death of "Henry de Penebrigg", which records Aylestone (Leicestershire) and Tong (Shropshire) “given by William de Harrecurt lord of Ayliston to his two daughters Orrabilis and Margery jointly; afterwards came Henry de Penbrugg and married the said Orrabilis, and John de Canti Lupo the said Margery...who died...without heir of their bodies, and so that manor reverted to Fulk son and heir of the said Henry and Orrabilis[1186]m JOHN de Cauntelo, son of --- (before 18 Feb 1279). 

William [II] & his second wife had one child: 

iii)        RICHARD [II] de Harcourt (9 Dec 1256-before 21 Mar 1293).  A manuscript relating to Ranton Priory, Staffordshire names “Ricardo de Harecourt” as son and heir of “Ricardo de Harecourt[1187].  A writ dated 28 Dec "6 Edw I" related to the proof of age of "Richard son of William de Harecurt", born 9 Dec 1256[1188].  A writ dated 1 Mar "21 Edw I", after the death of "Richard de Harecurt alias de Harecourt", names “John his eldest son aged 18 at the feast of All Saints last is his next heir[1189]m firstly MARGARET Beke, daughter of JOHN [later Lord] Beke & his wife ---.  A manuscript relating to Ranton Priory, Staffordshire records that “Ricardo de Harecourt” married “Margaretam filiam domini Johannis Beke[1190]m secondly JOAN, daughter of ---.  A writ dated 27 Apr "21 Edw I", after the death of "Richard de Harecurt", records assignment of dower to “Joan late his wife[1191].  Richard [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

(1)       JOHN de Harcourt (-before 2 May 1330).  A manuscript relating to Ranton Priory, Staffordshire names “Johanni de Harecourt” as son and heir of “Ricardo de Harecourt[1192].  A writ dated 1 Mar "21 Edw I", after the death of "Richard de Harecourt alias de Harecourt", names “John his eldest son aged 18 at the feast of All Saints last is his next heir[1193].  If the birth of John’s father is correctly shown above, John’s age could have been exaggerated in this source.  A writ dated 2 May "4 Edw III", and inquisitions 18 May “4 Edw III”, after the death of "John de Harecurt", name “William his son aged 30 years is his next heir[1194]m firstly ELEANOR la Zouche, daughter of EON la Zouche & his wife Millicent de Cauntelo.  A manuscript relating to Ranton Priory, Staffordshire records that “Johanni de Harecourt” married firstly “Elianoram la Souche[1195].  Her parentage is confirmed by Kirkby’s Inquest for Yorkshire, probably dated to [1284/85], which records Bingley as held by “Stephanus Waleys”, who held it from “Elienora de Zuche” who held it from “Milisanta de Monte Alto matre sua[1196]m secondly ALICE Corbet, daughter of PIERS [I] Corbet of Caus & his [second wife Alice ---].  A manuscript relating to Ranton Priory, Staffordshire records that “Johanni de Harecourt” married secondly “Aliciam filiam domini Petri Corbet de Caus” after the death of his first wife[1197].  Both the chronology and her name suggest that Alice may have been born from her father’s second marriage.  A writ dated 2 May "4 Edw III" and inquisitions 18 May “4 Edw III”, after the death of "John de Harecurt", do not name his widow[1198], suggesting that she may have predeceased her husband. 

-         HARCOURT FAMILY[1199]

(2)       [HENRY de Harcourt .  A writ dated 1 Mar "21 Edw I", after the death of "Richard de Harecurt alias de Harecourt", records that the deceased had “half a year and more before his death enfeoffed his son Henry de Harecourt and Eleanor his wife” with rent from the manor of Bosworth, Leicestershire[1200].  Until another source emerges naming Richard’s son Henry, doubt must remain whether “Henry” in this writ represents an error for “John”.  m (before late 1292) ELEANOR, daughter of ---.] 

2.         [ROBERT de Harcourt .  The necrology of Garendon abbey (Leicestershire) records that “dominus Saerus de Quyncy comes Wyntonie et Robertus filius Willielmi de Havercourt et Willielmus comes de Arundell” travelled to “Terram Sanctam” in 1219[1201].  It is not known whether this entry is garbled and represents confusion with William de Harcourt whose journey eastwards is confirmed by another primary source as indicated above.] 

 

 

 

HATTON

 

 

1.         RICHARD de Hatton .  No entry for Hatton is listed in the index of the published 1130 Pipe Roll[1202]m ---.  The name of Richard’s wife is not known.  Richard & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGH de Hatton"Hugo filius Ricardi…coniuge mea Margarita et filiis meis Guilelmo et Richardo" donated the churches of Claverdon, Hatton, Aldesvestrue and Malecombe to Monmouth priory by charter dated to [1148/63][1203].  A second charter, also dated to [1148/63], records more details concerning the donation of Claverdon church made by "Huo filius Richardi de Hattuna…coniugis sua Margaritæ et…domni Rodberti…Monemute prioris, predicted Margarite filii, ipsius…Huonis filiastri"[1204].  m as her second husband, MARGARET, widow of ---, daughter of ---.  "Hugo filius Ricardi…coniuge mea Margarita et filiis meis Guilelmo et Richardo" donated the churches of Claverdon, Hatton, Aldesvestrue and Malecombe to Monmouth priory by charter dated to [1148/63][1205].  Her first marriage is confirmed by a second charter, also dated to [1148/63], which records more details concerning the donation of Claverdon church made by "Huo filius Richardi de Hattuna…coniugis sua Margaritæ et…domni Rodberti…Monemute prioris, predicted Margarite filii, ipsius…Huonis filiastri"[1206].  Dugdale’s Monasticon records “Robert” as prior of Monmouth in the reign of King Henry I but gives no details about his parentage[1207].  Hugh & his wife had two children: 

i)          WILLIAM de Hatton .  "Hugo filius Ricardi…coniuge mea Margarita et filiis meis Guilelmo et Richardo" donated the churches of Claverdon, Hatton, Aldesvestrue and Malecombe to Monmouth priory by charter dated to [1148/63][1208]. 

ii)         RICHARD de Hatton .  "Hugo filius Ricardi…coniuge mea Margarita et filiis meis Guilelmo et Richardo" donated the churches of Claverdon, Hatton, Aldesvestrue and Malecombe to Monmouth priory by charter dated to [1148/63][1209]. 

 

 

 

HESDIN

 

 

This family was presumably descended from the comtes de Hesdin (see the document NORTHERN FRANCE NOBILITY-ARTOIS, BOULOGNE, GUINES) but the primary sources which confirm the connection have not been identified. 

 

 

Two brothers:

1.         ARNOUL [Ernulf] de Hesdin (-Antioch [1098])Domesday Book records that “Ernulf de Hesdin” held Farningham, Axton Hundred, and Chelsfield, Helmestrei Hundred, and Cliff and Haven in Shamwell Hundred, in Kent of the bishop of Bayeux, Combe in Hurstbourne Hundred in Hampshire/Berkshire, Newbury in Thatcham Hundred in Berkshire, numerous land-holdings in Wiltshire, land in Dorset including Kington Magna and Melbury, Ruislip in Middlesex[1210].  "Ernulph de Hesding" donated the manor and church of Ruislip, Middlesex to the abbey of Bec[1211].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Ernulphus de Hesdyng" donated "ecclesiam de Heythrop, Lynkbolt…et ecclesiam de Kynemerforde", confirmed by "Patricius de Cadurcis et Matilda uxor eius", and by "hæredum suorum" in "quatuor cartæ", in the fourth of which "Paganus filius Patricii" donated "decimam domini sui de Kynermerforde", that "Johannes episcopus" confirmed and donated "quatuor marcas annuas in ecclesia de Kynermerforde", with the confirmation of "Rex Henricus senior…tempore Serlonis abbatis" [abbot from 1072 to 1104][1212]A charter of Stephen King of England dated 1138 confirmed donations to Gloucester St Peter including the donation by "Ernulfi de Hesding et Emelina uxoris eius" of ecclesiam de Nortuna"[1213]"…Ernulfus de Hesding" witnessed the charter dated 27 Jan 1091 under which William II King of England confirmed the status of Bath abbey[1214].  The Chronicle of Hyde records that "Ernulfus de Hednith" was unjustly accused of treason but successfully defended himself by trial of battle (dated to [1096] from the context), and left on Crusade and died at Antioch[1215].  "Patricius" donated "v hidas terræ de Westona" to Bath St Peter, for the souls of "…Arnulfi de Hesding…", by charter dated 14 Sep 1100[1216]m ([after 27 Mar 1085]) [as her second husband,] EMMELINE, [widow of WALTER de Lacy,] daughter of [DREUX de Baladon & his wife ---].  "Emelina uxor Ernulfi de Hestink" donated "ecclesiam de Northona" to Gloucester St Peter by undated charter witnessed by "Rogerus filius Dodonis"[1217].  The parentage of Emmeline, wife of Arnoul de Hesdin, has not been identified with certainty.  However, two sources indicate that she was closely related to the Ballon family.  If that is correct, the chronology suggests that she was the daughter of Dreux de Baladon.  The first source is a charter dated 14 Sep 1100 under which [her grandson] "Patricius" donated "v hidas terræ de Westona" to Bath St Peter, for the souls of "…Hamelini et Winebaldi de Baalun…ac…Arnulfi de Hesding…et Warini clerici mei", witnessed by "Hamelinus et Winebaldus de Baalun…"[1218].    The second source is a donation to Gloucester St Peter made by [her grandson] "Patricius de Cadurcis" of land "apud Ameneye de feodo suo…[et] apud Ameneye Sancti Nicholai" to Gloucester St Peter, with the confirmation of "rege Henrico seniore"[1219], read together with the donation to the same abbey of land "in Ameneye" made by "Wynebaldus de Balon…et Rogerius filius meus"[1220].  It should also be noted that, if this is correct, her supposed brother Hamelin had a daughter who was also named Emmeline.  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Robertus filius Walteri et Avelina uxor eius" donated "ecclesiam de Nortone", as previously donated by "Elmelina mater Avelinæ ante plures annos"[1221]A charter of Stephen King of England dated 1138 confirmed donations to Gloucester St Peter including the donation by "Ernulfi de Hesding et Emelina uxoris eius" of ecclesiam de Nortuna"[1222].  [There are indications that Emmeline, wife of Arnoul de Hesdin, was the widow of Walter de Lacy.  Both families made numerous donations to Gloucester St Peter, although it has not yet proved possible to link any of the names of land donated to both families, but most significantly the Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, in a list of holdings, records (in order) donations made by "Walterus de Lacy dedit Leden, Ernulfus de Hesding dedit Lyncoholt, Hermelina de Lacy dedit pro anima viri sui Duntesbourne…"[1223].  The interposition of Arnoul’s name between Walter de Lacy and his wife Emmeline is best explained if he was Emmeline’s second husband.  From a chronological point of view, the two marriages would fit.  It should be emphasised that this suggestion is speculative.]  Arnoul & his wife had three children: 

a)         ARNOUL [Ernulf] de Hesdin (-killed 1138).  Orderic Vitalis records that Ernulf de Hesdin was avunculus of "William fitz Alan castellan and vicecomes of Shrewsbury" and was hanged by King Stephen after the battle of Shrewsbury in 1138[1224]

b)         MATHILDE (-after 1133).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Ernulphus de Hesdyng" donated "ecclesiam de Heythrop, Lynkbolt…et ecclesiam de Kynemerforde", confirmed by "Patricius de Cadurcis et Matilda uxor eius", and by "hæredum suorum" in "quatuor cartæ", in the fourth of which "Paganus filius Patricii" donated "decimam domini sui de Kynermerforde", that "Johannes episcopus" confirmed and donated "quatuor marcas annuas in ecclesia de Kynermerforde", with the confirmation of "Rex Henricus senior…tempore Serlonis abbatis" [abbot from 1072 to 1104][1225].  The date of her marriage is set by the charter dated 14 Sep 1100 under which her husband donated property for the soul of his father-in-law, although the document does not specify the relationships between the parties.  “Patricius de Cadurcis et uxor mea Mathildis” donated “ecclesiam de Dedintona” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture, for the soul of “Ernulfi de Hodine”, by charter dated to [1120][1226].  "Patricius de Cadurcis et Matilda uxor mea" donated "unam virgatam in Kynemereforde" to Gloucester St Peter by charter dated 1133[1227]m (before 14 Sep 1100) PATRICK [I] de Chaources, son of PATRICE de Chaources & his wife --- (-after 1133). 

c)         ADELINE [Aveline] (-after 1126).  “Alanus filius Flaaldi et Adelina uxor mea” donated property to Castle Acre Priory by undated charter[1228].  Her parentage is confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records that Ernulf de Hesdin was avunculus of "William fitz Alan castellan and vicecomes of Shrewsbury"[1229].  It is assumed that her [first] marriage took place early in the reign of Henry I King of England, who sponsored her husband’s rise to prominence in England as shown by the king’s charters in which he is named.  Eyton states that Dugdale intimates that "Dame Adeliza" who donated land at Wolston to Burton abbey, by charter dated to before 1114, was Alan FitzFlaad’s widow and the mother of "Sibil" who with her husband Roger de Freville confirmed her mother’s donation by charter dated 1132[1230].  Henry I King of England confirmed an agreement between the bishop of Norwich and "Avelinam de Hesding" concerning "terra de Ettona" by charter dated to [1121/27][1231].  A charter of Henry II King of England, dated 1176, recites donations to Haughmond abbey including that of "Willielmus filius Alani" of "terram de Piperinges" previously enjoyed by "Aveline matris ipsius Willielmi filius Alani"[1232].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Robertus filius Walteri et Avelina uxor eius" donated "ecclesiam de Nortone", as previously donated by "Elmelina mater Avelinæ ante plures annos"[1233].  "Robertus filius Walteri et Avelina uxor sua" donated "ecclesiam de Northona" to Gloucester St Peter by undated charter[1234].  “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro” donated “Stoches...manerium meum cum suis appendiciis de Sudfolchia et Norfolc...sicut...michi pater meus concessit” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “patris mei Roberti et Aueline matris mee et Johannis fratris mei”, by undated charter[1235]m firstly ([1100/05]) [as his second wife,] ALAIN FitzFlaald, son of FLAALD Seneschal of Dol & his wife --- (-before 1114).  [1236]m secondly as his first wife, ROBERT FitzWalter of Caen, son of --- (-after 1126).  A family connection between Robert FitzWalter and the Giffard family of Gloucestershire is suggested by the undated charter under which "Walterus Giffardus" granted land "in Ullingwike", including part "quæ fuit Roberti filii Walterii", to "Gilberto Giffardo fratri meo"[1237]

2.         ILBOD (-after 1086).  “Ilbodus fr Ernulf de Hesd” is named among landholders in Oxfordshire in Domesday Book[1238].  Ilbod was named as a tenant at Liston, Essex in Domesday Book[1239]

-        see LISTON

 

 

 

HOSDENC

 

 

1.         HUGUES de Hosdenc (-after [1107]).  "…Hugonem de Hosdeng…" witnessed the charter under which William I King of England confirmed the rights of Ely abbey[1240].  Domesday Book records “Hugh de Houdain” holding Weston in Essex, land in Palling, Norfolk, and Somersham in Suffolk, all from Roger Bigod[1241].  “Willelmi Bigot” donated “medietate terre de Fraituilla” to Saint-Wandrille, with the consent of “Guidone de Roca et filio eius Widone”, by charter dated to [1091/1120], witnessed by “Hugone sororio suo de Hosdenc et Ricardo Oliuier...[1242]m MATILDA Bigod, daughter of --- (-after [1107]).  “Willielmus Bigot, dapifer regis Anglorum” confirmed donations to Thetford Priory, including the donations of “terræ in Daneseia, de maritagio prædictæ Matildis” made by “Hugo de Hosdene et uxor eius Matildis”, by undated charter dated to the reign of King Henry I[1243].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1091/1120] which records the donation made to Saint-Wandrille by “Willelmi Bigot”, witnessed by “Hugone sororio suo de Hosdenc...[1244]The Complete Peerage dates this charter to [1107][1245]

 

 

1.         HUGH de Hosdenc (-before [1206/07])m GUNNOR de Windsor, daughter of WALTER de Windsor & his wife [Christiana de Wiham] (-[1205/06]).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the 1206/07 Pipe Roll which records that "Ralf de Hosdeng and Duncan de Lasceles and Christiana his wife account for 240 marks for having the whole land which Walter de Windlesores held of the K. [John] in capite the day he died"[1246].  Hugh & his wife had one child: 

a)         RALPH de Hosdenc .  The 1206/07 Pipe Roll records that "Ralf de Hosdeng and Duncan de Lasceles and Christiana his wife account for 240 marks for having the whole land which Walter de Windlesores held of the K. [John] in capite the day he died"[1247]

 

 

1.         RALPH de Hosdencm ---.  The name of Ralph’s wife is not known.  Ralph & his wife had one child: 

a)         daughter .  The Pipe Roll 1211 records that "Tomas de Nevill" held four and a half knights’ fees "cum herede Radulfi de Hosdeng" before Michaelmas 1211[1248].  m THOMAS de Neville, son of ---. 

 

 

 

KYME

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Kyme (-after 1086).  m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         SIMON de Kyme .  The Lindsey Survey, dated to [1115/18], records "Simon fitz William fitz Anschitel" holding land in Hackthorn[1249]m ---.  The name of Simon’s wife is not known.  Simon & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM de Kyme .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

(a)       SIMON de Kyme (-after [1155/60]).  “Simon filius Willilemi” founded Bullington priory, Lincolnshire, for the soul of “…Agnetis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, dated to [1155/60], witnessed by "Philippus de Kima et Simon et Walterus filii mei"[1250]m AGNES, daughter of ---.  “Simon filius Willilemi” founded Bullington priory, Lincolnshire, for the soul of “…Agnetis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by "Philippus de Kima et Simon et Walterus filii mei"[1251].  Simon & his wife had three children: 

(1)       PHILIP de Kyme (-after 1191).  “Simon filius Willilemi” founded Bullington priory, Lincolnshire, for the soul of “…Agnetis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by "Philippus de Kima et Simon et Walterus filii mei"[1252]

-         see below

(2)       SIMON de Kyme (-after [1175/81]).  “Simon filius Willilemi” founded Bullington priory, Lincolnshire, for the soul of “…Agnetis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by "Philippus de Kima et Simon et Walterus filii mei"[1253].  "Philippus de Kime" confirmed the donations by "patris mei" of the churches of Bullington and Langton by Wragby by charter dated to [1150/55], witnessed by "…Symon filius Synonis, Willelmus frater eius…"[1254].  "…Symone, Willelmo, Philippo filiis meis, Symone fratre meo Waltero et G[illeberto] filiis meis…" witnessed the charter dated to after 1169 under which "Philippus de Kyma" donated lands in Ingham, Toft and Newton to Bullington priory[1255].  "…Waltero filio meo…Symone filio Symonis…" witnessed the charter dated to the reign of King Henry II under which "Philippus de Kyma" confirmed the donation of "molendinum de Hemmingebi" to Bullington priory by "Rogerus de Millei"[1256].  "Philippo de Kymba, Symone fratre eius, Symone et Willelmo filiis Philippi de Kymba…" witnessed the charter dated to [1175/81] under which Geoffrey Bishop of Lincoln confirmed property of Bullington priory[1257].  "Philippus de Kyma" donated one third of the land of "Geruasii de Haltona in Haltona" to Bullington priory by charter dated to late in the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "…Symone, Willelmo, Philippo filiis meis, Symone fratre meo…"[1258]

(3)       WALTER de Kyme (-after [1150/55]).  “Simon filius Willilemi” founded Bullington priory, Lincolnshire, for the soul of “…Agnetis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by "Philippus de Kima et Simon et Walterus filii mei"[1259].  "Philippus de Kime" confirmed the donations by "patris mei" of the churches of Bullington and Langton by Wragby by charter dated to [1150/55], witnessed by "…Symon filius Synonis, Willelmus frater eius…"[1260]

 

 

PHILIP de Kyme, son of SIMON de Kyme & his wife Agnes --- (-after 1191).  A charter of King Edward I records the founding of Kyme priory by “Philippus de Kyme miles primus fundator, Simon de Kyme filius Philippi”, dated to the reign of King Henry II[1261].  "Philippus de Kime" confirmed the donations by "patris mei" of the churches of Bullington and Langton by Wragby by charter dated to [1150/55], witnessed by "…Symon filius Synonis, Willelmus frater eius…"[1262].     Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Philippus de Kyma" held two knights’ fees from "Willelmi de Romara" in Lincolnshire[1263].  “Philippus de Kima et uxor eius Hahewissa” confirmed donations to Bullington priory, Lincolnshire by "Simon filius Willelmi pater meus", by undated charter[1264].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Philippo de Kime ii m" in Lincolnshire in [1161/62][1265].  "Philippo de Kymba, Symone fratre eius, Symone et Willelmo filiis Philippi de Kymba…" witnessed the charter dated to [1175/81] under which Geoffrey Bishop of Lincoln confirmed property of Bullington priory[1266].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Philippus de Kime" in Lincolnshire[1267].  "Philippus de Kyma" donated one third of the land of "Geruasii de Haltona in Haltona" to Bullington priory by charter dated to late in the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "…Symone, Willelmo, Philippo filiis meis, Symone fratre meo…"[1268].  "Domina Hawisa de Kyma sponsa mea, Willelmo filio meo…" witnessed the charter dated 1191 under which "Philippus de Kyma" made provision towards payment of a debt of Bullington priory[1269]

m HAWISE, daughter of --- (-after 1194).  “Philippus de Kima et uxor eius Hahewissa” confirmed donations to Bullington priory, Lincolnshire by "Simon filius Willelmi pater meus", by undated charter[1270].  The parentage of Hawise is unknown.  However, the Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Agnes de Percy" paying "xx s per Simonem de Kime, ii milites" in Lincolnshire[1271].  It is assumed that "Simonem de Kime" can be identified as Simon, son of Philip and his wife Hawise.  The connection between Agnes de Percy (presumably the widow of Joscelin de Louvain) and Simon de Kyme has not yet been established.  However, it is highly unusual in the Red Book to find a widow recorded as paying scutage on behalf of another person (this is the only example which has been noted so far during the preparation of the present document).  The entry therefore suggests a close family relationship between the two individuals.  Simon de Kyme was a minor in [1190/91] (a curia regis entry records that "Sim de Kima" replaced "Hawisie matris ipsius Sim" in a lawsuit relating to the dowry of "Agnete de Amundevill" in 1194[1272], demonstrating that he must have acted through his mother as guardian until that date).  The death of his father is estimated in [1189].  In the normal course of events, one would have expected Simon’s mother to have acted on his behalf in transactions in [1190/91].  However, if she was temporarily unavailable for some reason (illness, childbirth…), it is possible that she would have been replaced by her own widowed mother, who would therefore have been Simon’s maternal grandmother.  If this speculation is correct, the wife of Philip de Kyme would have been Hawise, daughter of Joscelin de Louvain & his wife Agnes de Percy.  "Domina Hawisa de Kyma sponsa mea, Willelmo filio meo…" witnessed the charter dated 1191 under which "Philippus de Kyma" made provision towards payment of a debt of Bullington priory[1273]

Philip & his wife had eight or more children (the suggested order of birth of Philip’s sons is based on the order in which their names appear in the various charters which are quoted below, although this does not represent the only possible interpretation of these documents): 

1.         WILLIAM de Kyme (-[1160/70]).  "…Willelmo filio Simonis et Simone fratre eius et Wal--- eius…" witnessed the charter dated to early in the reign of King Henry II under which "Philippus de Kyme" donated the church of Ingham to Bullington priory[1274].  The order of the names of the witnesses in this document suggests that William was the oldest of Philip’s sons at the date of the charter.  However, Philip’s son William is named after his brothers Simon and Philip in other charters (see below).  This suggests that William who is named in the first charter was an otherwise unrecorded oldest son who died young, and whose name was given to another son who was born after his death.  m MARGARET, daughter of ROBERT FitzRobert & his wife Rohese de Clare (-after 1189).  An undated charter records donations to Appleton, including those made by “Willelmi de Kima...in territorio de Eskinton...quas Robertus dapifer pater Margarete uxoris sue eis in obitu suo dimisit[1275]

2.         SIMON de Kyme (-1220).  "Phylippus de Kyma" donated land at Huttoft and Sutton in the Marsh to Bullington priory, for the souls of "uxoris mee Hawise et filiorum et filiarum mearum" by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "Willelmo de Kyma, Waltero de Kyma filiis meis…"[1276].  "…Willelmo filio Simonis et Simone fratre eius et Wal--- eius…" witnessed the charter dated to early in the reign of King Henry II under which "Philippus de Kyme" donated the church of Ingham to Bullington priory[1277].  "…Symone, Willelmo, Philippo filiis meis, Symone fratre meo Waltero et G[illeberto] filiis meis…" witnessed the charter dated to after 1169 under which "Philippus de Kyma" donated lands in Ingham, Toft and Newton to Bullington priory[1278].  "Philippo de Kymba, Symone fratre eius, Symone et Willelmo filiis Philippi de Kymba…" witnessed the charter dated to [1175/81] under which Geoffrey Bishop of Lincoln confirmed property of Bullington priory[1279].  "Philippus de Kyma" donated one third of the land of "Geruasii de Haltona in Haltona" to Bullington priory by charter dated to late in the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "…Symone, Willelmo, Philippo filiis meis, Symone fratre meo…"[1280].  "Philippus de Kyma" granted land at Hallington, Lincolnshire to "Roberto filio Ricardi in maritagio cum Hawisa filia mea", with the consent of "Hawise uxoris mee", by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "Symone, Willelmo, Waltero, Gilleberto filiis meis…"[1281].  A charter of King Edward I records the founding of Kyme priory by “Philippus de Kyme miles primus fundator, Simon de Kyme filius Philippi”, dated to the reign of King Henry II[1282].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Agnes de Percy" paying "xx s per Simonem de Kime, ii milites" in Lincolnshire[1283].  The connection between Agnes de Percy and Simon de Kyme has not been established.  "Sim de Kima" replaced "Hawisie matris ipsius Sim" in a lawsuit relating to the dowry of "Agnete de Amundevill" in 1194[1284], presumably indicating that Simon had reached the age of majority.  "Simone de Kima, Philippo filio eiusdem, Hugone filio Simonis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1189/99] under which Gilbert of Benniworth donated property of Bullington priory[1285].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Simon de Kima" holding two knights’ fees in Lincolnshire in [1210/12][1286].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1219, by "Simon de Kima et Roesia uxor eius" against "Hugonem de Lay"[1287]m ROHESE, daughter of ROBERT FitzRobert & his wife Rohese de Clare (-after 1220).  “Philippus de Kima, filius domini Simonis de Kima” confirmed donations to Bullington priory, Lincolnshire by "quondam Philippi avi mei", for the soul of “…matris meæ Roissiæ”, by undated charter[1288].  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Gilbertus”, son of “Walterus”, married “Roesiam comitissam Lincolniæ”, adding that she married secondly "Roberto dapifero" by whom she was mother of "Roesia de Bulington nupta Simoni de Kyma"[1289].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1219, by "Simon de Kima et Roesia uxor eius" against "Hugonem de Lay"[1290].  "Rose who was the wife of Simon of Kyme" paid a fine "for summoning William of Kyme" to appear to "render her a knight’s fee…in Elkington and Caletoft", dated [May] 1220[1291].  Simon & his wife had two children:

a)         PHILIP de Kyme (-1242).  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family names “Philippus de Kyma” as son of “Simone de Kima et Roesia de Bulington[1292].  "Simone de Kima, Philippo filio eiusdem, Hugone filio Simonis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1189/99] under which Gilbert of Benniworth donated property of Bullington priory[1293].  “Philippus de Kima, filius domini Simonis de Kima” confirmed donations to Bullington priory, Lincolnshire by "quondam Philippi avi mei", for the soul of “…matris meæ Roissiæ”, by undated charter[1294].  “Philippus de Kima” confirmed donations to Bullington priory, Lincolnshire by "avus meus Philippus de Kima", for the soul of "Agnetis sponæ meæ", by undated charter[1295]m AGNES, daughter of WILLIAM FitzAlan & his wife --- de Lacy.  A writ of King John dated 23 Nov 1213 ordered "John Mareschall" to value land and rents from the estate of "the late William Fitz Alan" for "Philip son of Simon de Kyme" in lieu of the land which "Fitz Alan had given to his daughter in marriage"[1296].  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Philippus de Kyma” married “Agnetem Waleys[1297].  “Philippus de Kima” confirmed donations to Bullington priory, Lincolnshire by "avus meus Philippus de Kima", for the soul of "Agnetis sponæ meæ", by undated charter[1298].  Philip & his wife had two children: 

i)          SIMON de Kyme (-10 Jul 1248).  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family names “Symon de Kyma” as son of “Philippus de Kyma [et] Agnetem Waleys”, adding that he died childless[1299]m as her first husband, MATILDA de Ferrers, daughter of WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his first wife Agnes of Chester (-11 Mar 1299).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Agnes, secunda Isabella, tertia Matilda, quarta Sibilla, quinta Johanna, sexta Alianora, septima Agatha" as the seven daughters of "Willielmo de Ferrers comiti Derbiæ" and his wife "quarta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Sibilla", adding that the third daughter "Matilda de Kyme" married "Almarico de Rupe Edwardi" by whom she was mother of "Johanna de Vynon, Cecilia de Bellocampo, Sibilla nupta Almarico de Archiaks in Piganra"[1300], although these named children were born from her second marriage which is not mentioned in this source.  The Annals of Ireland record that “Sibilla comitissa de Ferreys” had seven daughters (in order) “septima, Matildis de Kyme, domina de Carbry…[1301].  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Symon de Kyma”, son of “Philippus de Kyma [et] Agnetem Waleys”, married "Matildam de Ferrars"[1302].  A charter dated 28 Jun 1248 records that "Margaret late Countess of Lincoln…recovered her dower out of the lands in Ireland of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke her husband" and that the dower was "taken out of the portions of the inheritance which accrued to William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, Matilda de Kyme, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king’s custody, and Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife"[1303].  Her first marriage is confirmed, and her second marriage, suggested by the 30 Jul 1248 grant by Henry III King of England to "William de Fortibus, son of Hugh de Vivona" of the marriage of "Maud late the wife of Simon de Kyma"[1304]She married secondly ([30 Jul 1248/26 May 1250]) Guillaume de Vivonne "de Fortibus", and thirdly (contract 28 Apr 1264) as his second wife, Aimery [XI] Vicomte de Rochechouart.  "Messire Simon de Rochechouart, doyen de Saint-Antregil du château de Bourges" notified the marriage contract of "Aimery vicomte de Rochechouart son neveu" and "noble dame Matilde veuve de noble homme messire Guillaume le Fort" and the agreement for "des deux fils du dit vicomte" to marry "les deux filles de ladite dame veuve", with "Aimery fils aîné" marrying "la fille aînée...[avec] son manoir de Carlion" and "Guy autre fils du dit vicomte" marrying "la seconde fille [avec] la terre de Mortemar", by charter dated "du lundi après la Saint-Georges 1264", which also records that "les dits deux fils du vicomte" would inherit two thirds of their father’s inheritance, the remaining one third to be divided between "ses autres filles et fils"[1305]

ii)         WILLIAM de Kyme (-1259).  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that "Willielmus de Kima frater eius" succeeded on the death of “Symon de Kyma”, son of “Philippus de Kyma [et] Agnetem Waleys[1306]

-         see below

b)         HUGH de Kyme (-after 1189).  "Simone de Kima, Philippo filio eiusdem, Hugone filio Simonis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1189/99] under which Gilbert of Benniworth donated property of Bullington priory[1307]

3.         PHILIP de Kyme (-before [1175/81]).  "Symon filius Philippi de Kyme, Philippus filius Philippi, Willelmus filius Philippi…" witnessed the charter dated to the reign of King Henry II under which "Philippus de Kyme" donated the churches of Bullington and Langton by Wragby to Bullington priory[1308].  "Philippus de Kyma" donated one third of the land of "Geruasii de Haltona in Haltona" to Bullington priory by charter dated to late in the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "…Symone, Willelmo, Philippo filiis meis, Symone fratre meo…"[1309].  "…Philippo, Waltero, Gilleberto filiis [Philippi] de Kyma…" witnessed the charter dated to the reign of King Henry II under which "Philippus de Kyma" gave a quitclaim to Bullington priory relating to land in Ingham[1310]

4.         WILLIAM de Kyme (-after 1191).  ["…Willelmo filio Simonis et Simone fratre eius et Wal--- eius…" witnessed the charter dated to early in the reign of King Henry II under which "Philippus de Kyme" donated the church of Ingham to Bullington priory[1311].  The order of the names of the witnesses in this document suggests that William was the oldest of Philip’s sons at the date of the charter.  However, Philip’s son William is named after his brothers Simon and Philip in other charters (see below).  This suggests that William who is named in the first charter was an otherwise unrecorded oldest son who died young, and whose name was given to another son who was born after his death.]  "Symon filius Philippi de Kyme, Philippus filius Philippi, Willelmus filius Philippi…" witnessed the charter dated to the reign of King Henry II under which "Philippus de Kyme" donated the churches of Bullington and Langton by Wragby to Bullington priory[1312].  "…Symone, Willelmo, Philippo filiis meis, Symone fratre meo Waltero et G[illeberto] filiis meis…" witnessed the charter dated to after 1169 under which "Philippus de Kyma" donated lands in Ingham, Toft and Newton to Bullington priory[1313].  "Philippo de Kymba, Symone fratre eius, Symone et Willelmo filiis Philippi de Kymba…" witnessed the charter dated to [1175/81] under which Geoffrey Bishop of Lincoln confirmed property of Bullington priory[1314].  "Philippus de Kyma" donated one third of the land of "Geruasii de Haltona in Haltona" to Bullington priory by charter dated to late in the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "…Symone, Willelmo, Philippo filiis meis, Symone fratre meo…"[1315].  "Philippus de Kyma" granted land at Hallington, Lincolnshire to "Roberto filio Ricardi in maritagio cum Hawisa filia mea", with the consent of "Hawise uxoris mee", by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "Symone, Willelmo, Waltero, Gilleberto filiis meis…"[1316].  "Phylippus de Kyma" donated land at Huttoft and Sutton in the Marsh to Bullington priory, for the souls of "uxoris mee Hawise et filiorum et filiarum mearum" by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "Willelmo de Kyma, Waltero de Kyma filiis meis…"[1317].  "Domina Hawisa de Kyma sponsa mea, Willelmo filio meo…" witnessed the charter dated 1191 under which "Philippus de Kyma" made provision towards payment of a debt of Bullington priory[1318]

5.         WALTER de Kyme (-[before 1181]).  "…Waltero filio meo…Symone filio Symonis…" witnessed the charter dated to the reign of King Henry II under which "Philippus de Kyma" confirmed the donation of "molendinum de Hemmingebi" to Bullington priory by "Rogerus de Millei"[1319].  "Phylippus de Kyma" donated land at Huttoft and Sutton in the Marsh to Bullington priory, for the souls of "uxoris mee Hawise et filiorum et filiarum mearum" by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "Willelmo de Kyma, Waltero de Kyma filiis meis…"[1320].  "…Symone, Willelmo, Philippo filiis meis, Symone fratre meo Waltero et G[illeberto] filiis meis…" witnessed the charter dated to after 1169 under which "Philippus de Kyma" donated lands in Ingham, Toft and Newton to Bullington priory[1321].  "…Philippo, Waltero, Gilleberto filiis [Philippi] de Kyma…" witnessed the charter dated to the reign of King Henry II under which "Philippus de Kyma" gave a quitclaim to Bullington priory relating to land in Ingham[1322].  "Philippus de Kyma" granted land at Hallington, Lincolnshire to "Roberto filio Ricardi in maritagio cum Hawisa filia mea", with the consent of "Hawise uxoris mee", by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "Symone, Willelmo, Waltero, Gilleberto filiis meis…"[1323]

6.         GILBERT de Kyme (-after 1169).  "…Symone, Willelmo, Philippo filiis meis, Symone fratre meo Waltero et G[illeberto] filiis meis…" witnessed the charter dated to after 1169 under which "Philippus de Kyma" donated lands in Ingham, Toft and Newton to Bullington priory[1324].  "…Philippo, Waltero, Gilleberto filiis [Philippi] de Kyma…" witnessed the charter dated to the reign of King Henry II under which "Philippus de Kyma" gave a quitclaim to Bullington priory relating to land in Ingham[1325]

7.         HAWISE de Kyme .  "Philippus de Kyma" granted land at Hallington, Lincolnshire to "Roberto filio Ricardi in maritagio cum Hawisa filia mea", with the consent of "Hawise uxoris mee", by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "Symone, Willelmo, Waltero, Gilleberto filiis meis…"[1326].  The document, and therefore the marriage, can probably be dated to [1175/80] because of the absence of Philip’s son Philip from the list of witnesses and the presence of his son Walter.  m ([1175/80]) ROBERT FitzRichard, son of RICHARD & his wife ---. 

8.         one or more other daughter(s) .  The existence of more than one daughter of Philip de Kyme is confirmed by the charter dated to the reign of King Henry II under which "Phylippus de Kyma" donated land at Huttoft and Sutton in the Marsh to Bullington priory, for the souls of "uxoris mee Hawise et filiorum et filiarum mearum", witnessed by "Willelmo de Kyma, Waltero de Kyma filiis meis…"[1327]

 

 

WILLIAM de Kyme, son of PHILIP de Kyme & his wife Agnes FitzAlan (-1259).  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that "Willielmus de Kima frater eius" succeeded on the death of “Symon de Kyma”, son of “Philippus de Kyma [et] Agnetem Waleys[1328].  “Willielmus de Kima filius Philippi de Kima secundi” donated property to Bullington priory, Lincolnshire, for the soul of “…Luciæ uxoris meæ”, by charter dated 1256[1329].  A writ dated 13 Oct "44 Hen III", after the death of "William de Kyma alias de Kyme" lists his manors but does not name his heir[1330]

m LUCY de Ros, daughter of ---.  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that "Willielmus de Kima" married “Luciam de Roos[1331].  “Willielmus de Kima filius Philippi de Kima secundi” donated property to Bullington priory, Lincolnshire, for the soul of “…Luciæ uxoris meæ”, by charter dated 1256[1332].  A writ dated 24 Sep "52 Hen III", after the death of "William de Kyma", records that "the mill of Neuton upon Querff [was]…assigned to Lucy de Kyma in dower"[1333]

William & his wife had one child: 

1.         PHILIP de Kyme (-1323 before 2 Apr).  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family names "Philippus de Kyme" as son of "Willielmus de Kima" and his wife “Luciam de Roos[1334].  He was summoned to Parliament from 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord Kyme.  m JOAN Bigod, daughter of HUGH Bigod & his wife Joan de Stuteville.  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Philippus de Kyme” married “Hugoni Bigot…filiam suam[1335].  Her name is confirmed by a charter dated to the reign of King Edward II under which “Philip de Kyme, son and heir of William de Kyme” confirmed property to Bullington priory, for his soul and that of “Joan his wife[1336].   Philip & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Kyme (-1338 before 25 Mar).  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family names "Willielmus de Kyma" as son of “Philippus de Kyme”, adding that he died childless[1337]m as her first husband, JOAN, daughter of HUMPHREY de Littelbury & his wife --- (-16 Oct 1362).  She married secondly Nicholas Lord Cauntelo

b)         LUCY de Kyme (-[1310/15]).  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that "Luciæ sorori suæ, nuptæ Roberto de Umphravill comiti de Anguishe" succeeded on the death of "Willielmus de Kyma"[1338]m as his first wife, ROBERT de Umfraville Earl of Angus, son of GILBERT de Umfreville Earl of Angus & his wife Elizabeth Comyn of Buchan ([1276]-Mar 1325, bur Newminster Abbey). 

 

 

 



[1] Domesday Descendants, p. 431. 

[2] Evans 'Dammartin' (1965), pp. 53-63, in Evans (2003), p. 81, citing Minet Library, Lambeth: Calendar of Surrey Deeds, Vol. XVII, no. 3605. 

[3] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum, Vol. II, 1015a, p. 107. 

[4] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 8, p. 11. 

[5] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 138. 

[6] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Norfolk, p. 94. 

[7] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Suffolk, p. 98. 

[8] Mathieu 'Recherches sur les premiers Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 39, footnote 142, quoting British Library, Add. Charters 11233 (5). 

[9] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 391. 

[10] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 391. 

[11] Harrison ‘The Surrey Portion of the Lewes Cartulary’ (1935), 36, p. 99. 

[12] Pipe Roll 14 Hen II (1167/68), Norfolk & Suffolk, pp. 21-2. 

[13] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 37. 

[14] Pipe Roll 23 Hen II (1176/77), Norfolk & Suffolk, p. 132. 

[15] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 59. 

[16] Pipe Roll 33 Hen II (1186/87), Norfolk & Suffolk, p. 59, Surrey, p. 212. 

[17] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 76. 

[18] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 81. 

[19] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VIII regis Ricardi scutagium Normanniæ ad XXs, p. 115. 

[20] Domesday Descendants, p. 431. 

[21] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 409. 

[22] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 41, footnote 149, quoting ‘Feudal Documents from the Abbey of Bury St. Edmund’s’, British Academy Records of the Social and Economic History of England, VIII (1932), 194, pp. 167-8. 

[23] Evans (2003), pp. 80-1, citing Minet Library, Lambeth: Calendar of Surrey Deeds, Vol. XVII, no. 3605, and Bloxam ‘A Surrey Charter of King John’ (1955), p. 64. 

[24] Pipe Roll 7 Hen II (1160/61), p. 4. 

[25] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 58, footnote 221, citing British Library, ms. coll. Harley 3688, fol. 25/26. 

[26] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 29. 

[27] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 194. 

[28] Pipe Roll 14 Hen II (1167/68), Norfolk & Suffolk, pp. 21-2. 

[29] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 37. 

[30] Domesday Descendants, p. 431, citing Lloyd, L. C. & Stenton, D. M. (1950) Sir Christopher Hatton’s Book of Seals (Oxford), no. 350. 

[31] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 49. 

[32] Pipe Roll 23 Hen II (1176/77), Essex & Hertfordshire, p. 151. 

[33] Pipe Roll 24 Hen II (1177/78), Essex & Hertfordshire, p. 36. 

[34] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 58, footnote 221, citing British Library, ms. coll. Harley 3688, fol. 25/26. 

[35] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Stratford-at-Bow Nunnery, II, p. 121. 

[36] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 58, footnote 221, citing British Library, ms. coll. Harley 3688, fol. 25/26. 

[37] Evans (2003), pp. 80-1, citing Minet Library, Lambeth: Calendar of Surrey Deeds, Vol. XVII, no. 3605, and Bloxam ‘A Surrey Charter of King John’ (1955), p. 64. 

[38] Pipe Roll 25 Hen II (1178/79), Norfolk & Suffolk, p. 9. 

[39] Pipe Roll 33 Hen II (1186/87), London & Middlesex, p. 12. 

[40] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Stratford-at-Bow Nunnery, II, p. 121. 

[41] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 58, footnote 221, citing British Library, ms. coll. Harley 3688, fol. 25/26. 

[42] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 58, footnote 221, citing British Library, ms. coll. Harley 3688, fol. 25/26. 

[43] Evans (2003), pp. 80-1, citing Minet Library, Lambeth: Calendar of Surrey Deeds, Vol. XVII, no. 3605, and Bloxam ‘A Surrey Charter of King John’ (1955), p. 64. 

[44] Evans (2003), pp. 80-1, citing Minet Library, Lambeth: Calendar of Surrey Deeds, Vol. XVII, no. 3605, and Bloxam ‘A Surrey Charter of King John’ (1955), p. 64. 

[45] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 58, footnote 221, citing British Library, ms. coll. Harley 3688, fol. 25/26. 

[46] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, pp. 71 and 76. 

[47] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 80. 

[48] Rotuli Chartarum, 1 John, p. 60. 

[49] Rotuli Chartarum, 5 John, p. 123. 

[50] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 138. 

[51] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 16 John, p. 130. 

[52] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 92. 

[53] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 58, footnote 221, citing British Library, ms. coll. Harley 3688, fol. 25/26. 

[54] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 53, footnote 194, quoting British Library, Add. Charters 11233 (6). 

[55] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, 1934, p. 295. 

[56] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, pp. 411-12. 

[57] Evans (2003), pp. 80-1, citing Minet Library, Lambeth: Calendar of Surrey Deeds, Vol. XVII, no. 3605, and Bloxam ‘A Surrey Charter of King John’ (1955), p. 64. 

[58] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 41, footnote 148, quoting British Library, Add. Charters 11233 (4). 

[59] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 162. 

[60] Evans (2003), p. 80. 

[61] Pipe Roll 2 Hen II (1155/56), Suffolk, p. 8. 

[62] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 41, footnote 149, quoting ‘Feudal Documents from the Abbey of Bury St. Edmund’s’, British Academy Records of the Social and Economic History of England, VIII (1932), 194, pp. 167-8. 

[63] Pipe Roll 7 Hen II (1160/61), p. 4. 

[64] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 29. 

[65] Pipe Roll 14 Hen II (1167/68), Norfolk & Suffolk, pp. 21-2. 

[66] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 49. 

[67] Luchaire ‘[L]es grands officiers de la couronne (1108-1180)’ (1881), p. 370. 

[68] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Silvanectensis, XXI, col. 214. 

[69] Delaite ‘Les comtes de Dammartin-en-Goële’ (1910), p. 201, no citation reference. 

[70] Père Anselme, Tome VIII, p. 400. 

[71] Luchaire ‘[L]es grands officiers de la couronne (1108-1180)’ (1881), p. 372. 

[72] Henschel (1842), Tome II, p. 52. 

[73] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 162. 

[74] Evans (2003), p. 80. 

[75] Harrison ‘Surrey Portion of Lewes Cartulary’ (1935), 35, p. 98. 

[76] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, pp. 411-12. 

[77] Evans (2003), pp. 80-1, citing Minet Library, Lambeth: Calendar of Surrey Deeds, Vol. XVII, no. 3605, and Bloxam ‘A Surrey Charter of King John’ (1955), p. 64. 

[78] Harrison ‘Surrey Portion of Lewes Cartulary’ (1935), 29, p. 96. 

[79] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 46, footnote 156, citing Harper-Bill & Mortimer (1982), no. 25 [not yet consulted]. 

[80] Pipe Roll 7 Hen II (1160/61), p. 4. 

[81] Domesday Descendants, p. 431. 

[82] Pipe Roll 16 Hen II (1169/70), Surrey, p. 164. 

[83] Harrison ‘Surrey Portion of Lewes Cartulary’ (1935), 21, p. 93. 

[84] Bloxam ‘A Surrey Charter of King John’ (1955), p. 59. 

[85] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 132. 

[86] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 69. 

[87] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 574, p. 445. 

[88] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 796, p. 611. 

[89] Bloxam ‘A Surrey Charter of King John’ (1955), p. 62, citing Victoria County History, IV, p. 294. 

[90] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 574, p. 445. 

[91] Testa de Nevill, Part II, p. 1362. 

[92] Testa de Nevill, Part II, p. 912. 

[93] Harrison ‘The Surrey Portion of the Lewes Cartulary’ (1935), 29, p. 96. 

[94] Pipe Roll 2 Hen II (1155/56), Surrey, p. 11. 

[95] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 46, footnote 156, citing Harper-Bill, C. & Mortimer, R. (1982) The Cartulary of Stoke-by-Clare (Boydell), no. 25 [not yet consulted]. 

[96] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 46, footnote 156, citing Salzmann, L. F. (1933-35) The Chartulary of the Priory of St. Pancras de Lewes, Sussex Record Society, Vols. 38 & 40, p. 148 [not yet consulted]. 

[97] Percy Chartulary, DCCCXCIV, p. 382. 

[98] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 46, footnote 156, citing Harper-Bill & Mortimer (1982), nos. 43, 50, 101, 536-41 [not yet consulted]. 

[99] Martin (1911), DCCCXCIV, p. 382. 

[100] Mathieu 'Comtes de Dammartin' (1996), p. 41, footnote 149, quoting ‘Feudal Documents from the Abbey of Bury St. Edmund’s’, British Academy Records of the Social and Economic History of England, VIII (1932), 194, pp. 167-8. 

[101] Evans (2003), pp. 80-1, citing Minet Library, Lambeth: Calendar of Surrey Deeds, Vol. XVII, no. 3605, and Bloxam ‘A Surrey Charter of King John’ (1955), p. 64.