untitled ENGLISH NOBILITY L - O

v4.2 Updated 24 November 2019

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

LACY. 2

LA HAYE. 19

LA MARE. 25

LANCASTER. 29

LANGETOT. 51

LANVALAY. 54

LAVAL. 63

LIMESEY. 67

LINCOLN. 74

LISTON. 81

MALET. 93

MAMINOT. 107

MARTEL. 111

MAUDUIT. 117

LORDS of MIDDLEHAM, YORKSHIRE. 129

MONTFICHET. 133

MORVILLE. 139

MUNCHENSY. 149

MURDAC. 159

NEUFMARCHE. 162

NOEL. 168

OILLY. 171

 

 

 

 

LACY

 

 

Loyd indicates that this family originated in Lassy in the present-day French département of Calvados, arrondissement Vire, canton Condé-sur-Noireau[1].  This is corroborated by the two documents, dated to [1133] and Sep 1146 both quoted below, which list the fiefs of the bishop of Bayeux and include the Lacy fief in Campeaux, the latter being located about 20 kilometres west of Lassy.  The main English estates of the senior branch of the family, descended from Ilbert de Lacy, formed the honor of Pontefract in South Yorkshire, while the estates of the younger branch, descended from Walter de Lacy, were centred on Weobley in Herefordshire. 

 

 

1.         --- [de Lacy], son of --- (-before 1069).  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, names "le sire de Lacy" (twice) among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[2], which could refer to Ilbert de Lacy and his father or to Ilbert and his supposed brother Walter.  Ellis suggests that the father of Ilbert and Walter was named Hugh "for each gave this name to a son"[3].  No other information has been found concerning this person.  m EMMA, daughter of ---.  "Emma mater Hilberti de Lacei" donated property "in monte…Mainart" to Saint-Amand on becoming a nun, by undated charter[4].  Ellis dates this charter to before 1069[5].  [Four] children: 

a)         ILBERT de Lacy (-[1090/95], bur [Pontefract Priory]).  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which [his mother] "Emma mater Hilberti de Lacei" donated property "in monte…Mainart" to Saint-Amand on becoming a nun[6].  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, names "le sire de Lacy" (twice) among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[7], one of which entries presumably refers to Ilbert de Lacy.  A manuscript history of the Lacy family records that “Ilberto de Lacy” accompanied William “the Conqueror” to England and was awarded dominio et honore de Pontefracto”, adding that he was buried “ad dextrum cornu altaris sancti Benedicti” (which appears from the context to refer to Pontefract Priory)[8]Domesday Book records “Ilbert de Lacy” holding Tingewick in Rowley Hundred in Buckinghamshire; several properties in Nottinghamshire; numerous properties in Yorkshire; land in Dunholme, Scothern, Stow and Willingham by Stow in Lincolnshire[9].  “Hilbertus de Laceio…cum Hadrude uxore mea” donated property to the Holy Trinity of the Mount, Rouen, for the souls of “…filiique mei Hugonis” who was buried there, by charter dated to [1088/94][10].  King William II confirmed “consuetudinem de castellaria castelli sui” to “Ilberto de Laceio” as held in the time of King William I and of “Baiocensis episcopi”, by charter dated to [1088/95][11].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Meretona et in Gerford” by “Ilbertus de Laci[12].  The Liber Vitæ of Durham names "Ilbertus de Laceio, Hathewis sua uxor, Rodbertus et Hugo filii eorum"[13].  The date of his death can only be assessed imprecisely, but the documentation suggests that it took place during the first half of the reign of King William II.  m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  “Robertus de Laceio” founded Pontefract Priory, for the soul of “Hylberti patris mei et Hawisiæ matris meæ”, by undated charter[14].  “Hilbertus de Laceio…cum Hadrude uxore mea” donated property to the Holy Trinity of the Mount, Rouen, for the souls of “…filiique mei Hugonis” who is buried there, by charter dated to [1088/94][15].  It is not known whether “Hadrude” was a mistranscription for Hawise, or whether Ilbert had two wives with these names.  A manuscript history of the Lacy family records that “Ilberto de Lacy…uxor eiuswas buried “ad sinistrum cornu altaris [sancti Benedicti]” (which appears from the context to refer to Pontefract Priory)[16]The Liber Vitæ of Durham names "Ilbertus de Laceio, Hathewis sua uxor, Rodbertus et Hugo filii eorum"[17].  Ilbert & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          ROBERT de Lacy (-[1108/29], bur Pontefract Priory).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Robertum Lacy” as son of “Ilberto de Lacy” and his wife Hauisia”, adding that he founded “monasterium apud Pontefractum”, died during the reign of King William II (incorrect), and was buried at Pontefract[18]

-         see below

ii)         HUGH de Lacy (-bur Holy Trinity of the Mount, Rouen).  “Rodbertus de Laceio” confirmed the donation by “pater meus Hilbertus” to Selby Abbey, for the soul of “fratris mei Hugonis”, by undated charter[19].  “Hilbertus de Laceio…cum Hadrude uxore mea” donated property to the Holy Trinity of the Mount, Rouen, for the souls of “…filiique mei Hugonis” who is buried there, by charter dated to [1088/94][20].  The Liber Vitæ of Durham names "Ilbertus de Laceio, Hathewis sua uxor, Rodbertus et Hugo filii eorum"[21]

iii)        [MATILDA .  “Henricum de Laceio” founded Kirkstall Abbey, for the souls of Ilberti avi mei et Hawis uxoris suæ…et Matildis amitæ”, by undated charter[22].  Assuming that “amita” can be interpreted in its strict sense of paternal aunt, Matilda was the daughter of Ilbert.] 

b)         [WALTER de Lacy (-27 Mar 1085).  Ellis suggests that Walter de Lacy was the brother of Ilbert de Lacy, highlighting that Walter held a "knight’s fee in Lassy and Campeaux" in Normandy from Odo Bishop of Bayeux and that "this fief was afterwards held in parage by the heirs of Walter and Ilbert"[23].  This is supported by the two documents, dated to [1133] and Sep 1146 both quoted below, which list fiefs of the bishop of Bayeux in the duchy of Normandy.] 

-        see below

c)         [HELWISE .  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Helewysa relicta Willelmi de Ebroys" donated "terram…Hyda, quam Walterus de Lacy dedit ei in matrimonium" with the consent of "rege Henrico seniore…tempore Willelmi abbatis" [abbot from 1113 to 1131][24].  It is possible that Helwise was the sister of Walter de Lacy.  A close relationship is indicated by his donation to her of property on her marriage.  It appears unlikely that Helwise was Walter’s daughter: firstly, it is likely that such a relationship would have been specified in the source, and secondly Walter’s children were young when he died so any of his daughters may not have been nubile at the time.  m (before 27 Mar 1085) WILLIAM de Ebroys, son of --- (-before 1131).] 

d)         [daughter .  Her parentage assumes that “niece” in the source quoted below can be interpreted in its strict sense.]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          daughter .  Domesday Book records land in Gloucestershire held by “Ansfrid de Cormeilles”, noting that he held “Pauntley...Kilcot...Ketford...and Hayes...and Winstone and Duntisbourne...of Walter de Lacy when he married his niece[25]m ANSFRID de Cormeilles, son of --- (-after 1086). 

 

 

WALTER de Lacy, son of --- de Lacy & [his wife Emma ---] (-27 Mar 1085)Ellis suggests that Walter de Lacy was the brother of Ilbert de Lacy, highlighting that Walter held a "knight’s fee in Lassy and Campeaux" in Normandy from Odo Bishop of Bayeux and that "this fief was afterwards held in parage by the heirs of Walter and Ilbert".  This is supported by the two documents, dated to [1133] and Sep 1146 both quoted below, which list fiefs of the bishop of Bayeux in the duchy of Normandy.  Ellis shows the supposed brothers in his genealogical table as born from different mothers[26].  Presumably he bases this on Emma naming only her son Ilbert in the charter which is quoted above.  However, there could be many explanations for the omission of Walter from the document and, assuming that the two were brothers, it seems probable that Emma was also the mother of Walter, who gave this name to his second daughter.  Wightman suggests that Walter was the younger brother, because he arrived in England later than Ilbert “in the train of William FitzOsbern” and on the assumption that Ilbert was named by their mother because he was her older son and therefore held a position of greater importance in Normandy[27].  Orderic Vitalis records that King William granted “insulam Vectam et comitatum Herfordensem” to “Willelmo dapifero Normanniæ Osberni filio”, and sent him “cum Gualterio de Laceio” to fight “contra Britones” [Welsh], during which they first invaded “Brachaniaunos” and defeated “Guallorum reges Risen et Caducan ac Mariadoth”, dated to 1071[28].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Walterus de Lacy" donated terras de Ledene" in 1080, with the consent of "rege Willelmo seniore", when "Waltero filio suo tunc parvulo" entered the monastery, "tempore Serlonis abbatis" [abbot from 1072 to 1104][29].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the death "VI Kal Apr" 1085 of "Walterus fundator Sancti Petri Hereford", his burial "Gloucestriæ in capitulo", and the donation of "villam quinque hidarum Duntesborne tempore Serlonis abbatis" [abbot from 1072 to 1104] made by "uxor eius Ermelina"[30]

m as her first husband, EMMELINE, daughter of --- (-after 27 Mar 1085).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the death "VI Kal Apr" 1085 of "Walterus fundator Sancti Petri Hereford", his burial "Gloucestriæ in capitulo", and the donation of "villam quinque hidarum Duntesborne tempore Serlonis abbatis" [abbot from 1072 to 1104] made by "uxor eius Ermelina"[31].  Domesday Book records “Roger de Lacy” holding Siddington in Gloucestershire, adding that "his mother holds it as her dower land"[32]A charter of Stephen King of England dated 1138 confirmed donations to Gloucester St Peter including the donation by "Emelinæ uxoris Walterii de Laceio" of Duntesburna"[33].  [There are indications that Emmeline may have married secondly Arnoul de Hesdin.  Both families made numerous donations to Gloucester St Peter, although it has not yet proved possible to link any of the names of land donated to both families, but most significantly the Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, in a list of holdings, records (in order) donations made by "Walterus de Lacy dedit Leden, Ernulfus de Hesding dedit Lyncoholt, Hermelina de Lacy dedit pro anima viri sui Duntesbourne…"[34].  This document confirms Emmeline’s two marriages, while the interposition of Arnoul’s name between Walter de Lacy and his wife Emmeline is best explained if he was her second husband.  From a chronological point of view, the two marriages would fit.  It should be emphasised that this suggestion is speculative.  If it is correct, she could have been Emmeline, daughter of [Dreux de Baladon & his wife ---].  The reasoning behind this speculative parentage is discussed in the document WALES.] 

Walter & his wife had [eight] children: 

1.         ROGER de Lacy ([1068/70]-after [1107/22]).  Domesday Book records that “Roger de Lacy” held Enborne, Kintbury Hundred, and Childrey in Wantage Hundred, in Berkshire; land in Kiddington, Mongewell and Salford in Oxfordshire; several properties in Gloucestershire, numerous properties in Herefordshire; several properties in Shropshire[35].  He must therefore have reached the age of majority at his father’s death.  Florence of Worcester names "Beornardus de Novo Mercatu, Rogerius de Laceio…Rawlfus de Mortuo Mari…cum hominibus comitis Rogeri de Scrobbesbyria" threatened Worcester with an army of Normans and Welsh, dated to [1088][36].  Orderic Vitalis records that “Rogerium de Laceio” was disinherited and fled England, dated to [1095/96][37].  Orderic Vitalis names “Rogerus de Laceio magister militum” of the army of Robert III Duke of Normandy sent against Robert de Bellême, dated to [1103][38].  The following document suggests that Roger was never pardoned by the king for his treason: Henry I King of England granted property of "Walterus de Lacy et Rogerus et Hugo filii eius" to St Guthlac’s, Hereford by charter dated to [1107/22][39].  It is assumed therefore that Roger remained in Normandy, where he held his branch’s part of the family fief at least until the battle of Tinchebrai in 1106.  After King Henry I assumed control of the duchy of Normandy, it is probable that Roger’s share was transferred elsewhere, maybe to his brother Hugh. 

2.         WALTER de Lacy ([1072/73]-[8] Feb 1139).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Walterus de Lacy" donated terras de Ledene" in 1080, with the consent of "rege Willelmo seniore", when "Waltero filio suo tunc parvulo" entered the monastery, "tempore Serlonis abbatis" [abbot from 1072 to 1104][40].  Abbot of Gloucester.  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the succession as abbot of Gloucester, after the death "III Id Jul" 1131, of "Walterus de Lacy capellanus" who his parents had consigned "circiter VII annos" to the monastic life at Gloucester which had been generously endowed "tam a patre quam a matre sua Emma"[41].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records the the death of Abbot Walter after becoming blind and paralysed and his burial "VI Id Feb" 1139[42]

3.         HUGH de Lacy (-before 1121).  Orderic Vitalis records that, after “Rogerium de Laceio” was disinherited and fled England, his lands passed to “Hugoni fratri eius” who had faithfully served King William II, dated to [1095/96][43].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Hugo de Lacy" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Petri in Herford", built by "pater suus Walterus", in 1101[44]"Hugo de Laceio et Adeliza uxor eius" donated Hereford St. Peter to Gloucester St. Peter by charter dated 1100[45].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Hugo de Lacy" donated "unum villanum et unam virgatam terræ in Moneswelle juxta Walyngeford", and in a later passage "ecclesiam de Quenyntone et ecclesiam de Wyke", both dated "tempore Serlonis abbatis" [abbot from 1072 to 1104][46].  Henry I King of England granted property of "Walterus de Lacy et Rogerus et Hugo filii eius" to St Guthlac’s, Hereford by charter dated to [1107/22][47].  A manuscript describing the descendants of the founders of Lanthony Abbey, Gloucestershire records that “Hugo de Lacy primus fundator prioratus Lanthoniæ” came “in Wallia” during the reign of King William I but that, dying childless, "duabus sororibus suis…Ermelinæ quæ obit sine hærede et Emmæ sorori suæ" inherited his property[48].  Eyton conjectures that Hugh de Lacy died between 1108 and 1121[49]m ADELINE, daughter of --- (-after 1100).  "Hugo de Laceio et Adeliza uxor eius" donated Hereford St. Peter to Gloucester St. Peter by charter dated 1100[50]

4.         [--- .  Assuming that “nepos” in the source quoted below can be interpreted as nephew, one parent of Hugh’s “nepos” the Templar was Hugh’s sibling.  The description of this person in the source follows a sentence recording Hugh’s brother Walter, but the two sentences are not linked.  The problem of the precise parentage of Gilbert de Lacy, probably identified as the unnamed “nepos” shown below, is discussed in more detail later.]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         son .  A history of Lanthony Abbey records that “Hugo de Laci” had “nepos...miles” who, after a long military career, eventually became a Templar (“sub habitu Templariorum...”)[51]same person as...?  GILBERT de Lacy (-[May 1160/1163]).  His co-identity with the unnamed “nepos” of Hugh de Lacy is indicated by the charter dated May 1160, which records a treaty between Louis VII King of France and King Henry II, subscribed by "…Willelmo Pavet magistro Templi et fratribus...Gilberto de Laceio…"[52].  The precise date when Gilbert joined the Knights Templar has not been ascertained.  Gilbert inherited the share of the family’s Norman fiefs held by Walter de Lacy’s branch of the family, as shown by a list of fiefs of Bayeux church, dated to [1133], which records “feodum de Lacey in Campellis” held by “duorum militum...Guilleberti et Henrici[53].  The problem of Gilbert’s precise parentage is discussed in more detail below. 

-        see below.   

5.         [--- .  The inheritance of part of the Lacy estates by Sibylla’s descendants indicates that one of her parents was a child of Walter de Lacy.  Wightman says that Sibylla was the daughter of Hugh de Lacy, without specifying a primary source which confirms his statement, although he concedes that “it has frequently been assumed that [Hugh] died childless”[54].  The difficulty is that Sibylla’s descendants inherited only part of the Lacy estates, as indicated by the charter dated to [Dec 1137/May 1138] under which King Stephen only referred to Sibylla’s dowry as quoted below, whereas Sibylla would presumably have been sole heiress if Hugh had been her father.  Rivalry between Sibylla’s heirs and Gilbert de Lacy (see above) concerning the succession to the Lacy estates in England is indicated by an agreement dated to [1147/49] between Roger Earl of Hereford (husband of Sibylla’s older daughter) and William Earl of Gloucester to combine forces against Gilbert de Lacy[55].  This suggests that their respective claims to the estates were of equal weight, and that the two were cousins not brother and sister.  The Complete Peerage discusses the theory that this person was the wife of Geoffrey [I] Talbot (named Agnes in other sources) (see the document ENGLAND EARLS CREATED 1067-1122)[56].  The argument centres around Gauthier de Mayenne, third husband of Cecily daughter of this person’s daughter Sibylla de Lacy, recording that in 1166 he held land previously held by Geoffrey [II] Talbot: "Walterus de Meduana" confirmed to King Henry II that he held "in capite...xx milites" in Kent which “Galfridus Tallebot” had held on the death of King Henry I, dated 1166[57].  Some family relationship between Geoffrey [II] Talbot and the Lacy family is shown by the Gesta Stephani Regis which records that "Galfridus…Taleboth cognatus…Gislebertus de Laceio" was captured by King Stephen’s forces, dated to [1139/40][58].  Keats-Rohan says that the wife of Geoffrey [I] Talbot “used erroneously to be identified as a de Lacy” but that in fact she was “possibly a daughter of Helto” (dapifer, recorded in Domesday Book as holding Swanscombe, Kent from Odo Bishop of Bayeux), and in a later sentence suggests that the connection between the Talbot and Lucy families would be explained if “Adeline or Adelisa, wife of Hugh de Lacy (d.a.1115), was the daughter of Geoffrey and Agnes[59].  From a chronological point of view, it does not appear ideal for Sibylla de Lacy (married firstly “before [1125]”) to have been the daughter of Geoffroy [I] Talbot (born “[1050/65]?”).  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         SIBYLLA de Lacy (after [1140]).  The date of her first marriage is estimated from the dating of her older daughter’s first marriage to “before [Dec 1137/May 1138]”.  “Sibilla de Lacy” notified her bailiffs and foresters that she had donated “land of Leghe near the church of St Michael” to “my uncle Walter abbot of Gloucester”, for the souls of “myself and my husband Payne Fitz-john”, by charter dated to [1130/39][60].  "Rogo filio Milonis Gloec et Cecilie uxori sue filie Pag fil Johis" the lands of her father, including land which "Pag dedit Sibille uxoris sue in dote", by charter dated to [Dec 1137/May 1138][61].  Roger Bishop of Salisbury instructed "Sibille q fuit uxor Pag fil Johis" to restore property which her husband had granted to "Rogo fil Milon Gloec cum Cecilia filia tua p-mogenita" by charter dated 1138[62].  Her second marriage is confirmed by two charters of St. Guthlac’s priory, Hereford: in the first, “Sybil de Laceo” donated land at “Parva Frome” in Herefordshire, while in the second Sibylla “domina de Lodel” donated further land in the same place “ex proprio jure hereditare mee” with the consent of “domini mei Gozonis de Dinan[63].  It is assumed that Sibylla survived for at least two years after her second marriage as her second husband is recorded as having had two children.  No source has been identified which confirms that Sibylla was their mother, although the naming of the younger child after her is indicative.  m firstly (before [1125]) PAYN FitzJohn of Ewyas, Herefordshire, son of JOHN & his wife --- (before 1100-killed 10 Jul 1137, bur Gloucester Abbey).  m secondly (after 1138) JOSCELIN de Dinan, son of GEOFFROY [I] de Dinan & his wife Radegonde [Oriel] ---. 

6.         daughter (-after 1086).  Nun at Winchester.  Domesday Book records that the abbess of Winchester held Coleshill, Berkshire and that “Walter de Lacy” donated it to the church “with his daughter[64]

7.         [EMMELINE de Lacy .  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Hugo de Lacy primus” had “duabus sororibus…Ermelinæ…et Emmæ” who were his heiresses, adding that Emmeline died childless[65].  Wightman highlights that this is a 16th century document of dubious validity and that no earlier charter evidence corroborates the existence of these two daughters[66].] 

8.         [EMMA de Lacy .  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Hugo de Lacy primus” had “duabus sororibus…Ermelinæ…et Emmæ” who were his heiresses, adding that Emma married “---[67].  Wightman highlights that this is a 16th century document of dubious validity and that no earlier charter evidence corroborates the existence of these two daughters[68]m ---.  The name of Emma’s husband is not known] 

 

 

The problem of ascertaining the precise parentage of Gilbert de Lacy is complex.  It appears, as noted above, that Gilbert can be identified with the unnamed Templar “nepos” of Hugh de Lacy who is recorded in the History of Lanthony abbey.  Assuming that “nepos” can be interpreted as nephew, Gilbert was the son of one of Hugh’s siblings.  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Gilbertus de Lacy” as son of Emma (supposed daughter of Walter de Lacy, see above) and her unnamed husband[69].  As noted earlier, Wightman highlights that this is a 16th century document of dubious validity and that no earlier charter evidence corroborates Emma’s existence let alone Gilbert’s parentage[70].  He highlights that Gilbert succeeded in regaining the “vast majority of the Lacy estates” held in England by this branch of the family, suggesting that his right was therefore superior to the branch’s descendants through the female line, and concludes that “that would make him a son either of Roger de Lacy or of Hugh” [71].  Wightman prefers Roger to Hugh, considering the probable co-identity of Gilbert with Hugh’s unnamed Templar “nepos”.  Wightman’s theory appears supported by Gilbert holding a share of the family’s Normandy fiefs in [1133], but Gilbert’s acquisition of the English estates was piecemeal, starting many years after he is first recorded in England, and does not appear to have been based on prior right by heredity.  Concerning the Norman lands, one difficulty is determining how Gilbert acquired his share.  As seen earlier, Roger’s English fiefs, confiscated by King William II, passed to his younger brother Hugh.  Roger settled in Normandy, where he led Duke Robert’s army and presumably held part of the family fiefs until Duke Robert was defeated by King Henry I at Tinchebrai in 1106.  After King Henry assumed control of the duchy, his well-known vindictiveness towards his enemies suggests that Roger’s share of the Norman fiefs would have been transferred elsewhere.  King Henry’s continuing enmity towards Roger is demonstrated by the king’s donation of property held by "Walterus de Lacy et Rogerus et Hugo filii eius" to St Guthlac’s, Hereford by charter dated to [1107/22] as noted earlier, which also suggests that the king’s relations with Roger’s brother Hugh were no better.  All this would suggest that Gilbert would not automatically have been permitted to inherit the estates if he had been Roger’s son.  The dating of Gilbert’s acquisition of the family’s Norman fiefs cannot be ascertained, but it presumably occurred some time in King Henry’s later years.  Some moderation in the king’s treatment of the family is shown by the marriage of Sibylla de Lacy to Payn FitzJohn, but no source has been found indicating the circumstances of Gilbert’s rehabilitation.  The persistent rivalry between Gilbert and Sibylla’s heirs regarding the Lacy’s English estates (as indicated by the agreement dated to [1147/49] cited below) suggests that their respective claims were of similar weight, that both were therefore either male line or female line descendants of the Lacy family, and that they were cousins not brother and sister.  If one was a male line, and the other a female line descendant, the descent of the former would presumably have outweighed the latter’s claim.  This is consistent with Wightman’s hypothesis, but does not exclude the possibility of their being children of two of Hugh’s sisters.  Given all these complexities, reaching a definitive conclusion about Gilbert’s parentage would be speculative. 

 

GILBERT de Lacy, son of --- (-[May 1160/1163]).  A list of fiefs of Bayeux church, dated to [1133], records “feodum de Lacey in Campellis” held by “duorum militum...Guilleberti et Henrici[72].  The following charter suggests that Gilbert at first supported King Stephen after the death of Henry I: "...Gilberti de Lacy baronis..." witnessed the charter dated Easter 1136 under which King Stephen granted property to Winchester Cathedral[73].  However, Eyton highlights another charter at the same time with a similar witness list which includes “Ilbert de Lacy baron” (presumably the charter dated Easter 1136 for Bath abbey[74]), and suggests that the former document represents a transcription error[75].  It should be noted that Ilbert is named in numerous documents of King Stephen around the same time.  Gilbert’s support for Empress Matilda’s claim to the throne in England is indicated by two documents: firstly, the Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Galfridus…Taleboth cognatus…Gislebertus de Laceio" was captured by King Stephen’s forces, dated to [1139/40][76], and secondly "...Gisleberto de Lasceio" witnessed the charter dated 25 Jul 1141 under which Empress Matilda created Miles Earl of Hereford[77].  Some time afterwards, Gilbert switched sides and supported King Stephen: "Robertus regis filius Gloecestriæ consul" notified an agreement with the bishop of Bayeux relating to fiefs claimed by the latter, including “tota feoda Ilberti et Gilberti de Laceio...apud Laceium et apud Campels”, which were held “de Baiocensi ecclesia et de episcopo”, by charter dated Sep 1146[78].  Rivalry between Gilbert de Lacy and the heirs of his [presumed cousin] Sibylla de Lacy (see above) concerning the succession to the Lacy estates in England is indicated by an agreement dated to [1147/49] between Roger Earl of Hereford (husband of the older daughter of Sibylla de Lacy, see above, and Matilda’s supporter) and William Earl of Gloucester to combine forces against Gilbert de Lacy[79].  Presumably following some activity implementing this agreement, Gilbert de Lacy complained to Gilbert Foliot Bishop of Hereford that the Earl of Hereford had captured one of his knights “Ricardum...Britonem” and was holding him to ransom[80].  "Gilbertus de Laci et Robertus filius eius" confirmed the donation of a tenement in Droitwich to the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory by charter dated to [1150][81].  After King Stephen made peace with the future King Henry II, Gilbert joined the latter: "...Gisl[eberto] de Laceio..." witnessed the charter dated to [1153/Apr 1154] under which Henry Duke of Normandy confirmed the foundation of Biddlesden abbey[82], and "...Gilbertus de Lacy..." witnessed the charter dated 1154 under which Duke Henry confirmed Stanton Harcourt to “Milicenti uxori Ricardi de Camvilla[83].  The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Gillto de Lasci" pardoned for sums in Herefordshire, Gloucestershire and Shropshire[84].  He became a Knight Templar between 1157 and May 1160: "…Willelmo Pavet magistro Templi et fratribus...Gilberto de Laceio…" subscribed the charter dated May 1160 which records a treaty between Louis VII King of France and King Henry II[85].  A listing of Templar properties dated 1185 includes land “apud Guttingres…Holeford” donated by "Gileberti de Laci"[86].  Eyton conjectures that Gilbert de Lacy died, or at least retired from the world, between 1158 and 1163[87].  The mention in the 1159/60 Pipe Roll of his son Robert suggests that Gilbert had already relinquished his estates in his son’s favour. 

m ---.  The name of Gilbert’s wife is not known. 

Gilbert & his wife had [three] children:  

1.         ROBERT de Lacy (-[1160/62]).  "Gilbertus de Laci et Robertus filius eius" confirmed the donation of a tenement in Droitwich to the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory by charter dated to [1150][88].  A charter dated to [1154/55] confirmed donations to Lanthony abbey including the donation of Stanton and other properties made by “Hugonis de Laci et confirmatione Gilberti de Lacy et Roberti filii eius[89].  The 1159 Pipe Roll records "Rob de Laci" in Herefordshire[90]

2.         HUGH de Lacy (-killed 25 Jul 1185).  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Hugo…et Walterus frater eius” as the sons of “Gilbertus de Lacy”, adding that Hugh died childless[91].  This is contradicted by the Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire which records that "Gilbertus de Lacy" had a son "Hugonem" who had "filium Walterum"[92].  "…Hugoni de Lacy…" subscribed the charter dated [1172/78] under which Henry II King of England confirmed the freedoms of the city of Rouen[93]Lord of Meath in Ireland. 

-        LORDS of MEATH

3.         [WALTER de Lacy .  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Hugo…et Walterus frater eius” as the sons of “Gilbertus de Lacy[94].  This document identifies Walter as the father of Gilbert de Lacy (see below) and therefore by implication as Lord of Meath.  However, this appears unlikely from a chronological point of view, and also ignores the existence of Hugh de Lacy Lord of Meath.  This supposed parentage is disproved by the undated charter under which “Walterus de Lacy filius Hugonis de Lacy” confirmed his father’s donation to Lanthony Abbey[95].  It is not certain therefore that Gilbert had a son named Walter.] 

 

 

The precise relationship between the following person and the Lacy family has not been ascertained. 

1.         --- .  Niece of Hugh de Lacy Lord of Meath.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m MEILER FitzHenry, son of HENRY [illegitimate son of King Henry I] & his wife --- (-1220, bur Great Connall, co. Kildare). 

 

 

ROBERT de Lacy, son of ILBERT de Lacy & his wife Hawise --- (-[1108/29], bur Pontefract Priory).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Robertum Lacy” as son of “Ilberto de Lacy” and his wife Hauisia”, adding that he founded “monasterium apud Pontefractum”, died during the reign of King William II (incorrect), and was buried at Pontefract[96]The Liber Vitæ of Durham names "Ilbertus de Laceio, Hathewis sua uxor, Rodbertus et Hugo filii eorum"[97].  “Rodbertus de Laceio” confirmed the donation by “pater meus Hilbertus” to Selby Abbey, for the soul of “fratris mei Hugonis”, by undated charter[98].  “Robertus de Laceio” founded Pontefract Priory, for the soul of “Hylberti patris mei et Hawisiæ matris meæ”, by undated charter, dateable to the reign of King William II, witnessed by “W. Peverel…[99].  A writ addressed to Robert Bishop of Lincoln and Osbert Sheriff of Lincolnshire, dated to [1095/1100], sanctioned an exchange of lands between "Ur de Abet" and "Rotb de Laceio de Ingoluesmaera", witnessed by "R. fil Haim"[100]"Robertus de Lacy" granted "Magnam Merlay…et Tuisleton…et…in Cliderhou" to "Radulpho le Rus" by charter dated 23 Nov 1102[101]Henry I King of England notified Thomas Archbishop of York and Robert de Lacy of a grant of lands to Robert Bishop of Lincoln, undated but dated to [1108/13] (when Thomas was Archbishop)[102].  The Historia of Richard of Hexham records the restoration of “Ilbertus de Lesceio filius eius” to lands which King Henry I had confiscated from “patri suo Roberto de Lesci[103].  He was dead by 1129 when his sister Aubreye was described as sister of [his son] Ilbert, not as Robert’s daughter. 

m MATILDA, daughter of --- (-bur [Pontefract Priory]).  “Henricus de Lasci” donated property to Pontefract Priory, for the souls of “patris mei Roberti de Lasci et Matilildis matris meæ”, by undated charter[104].  A manuscript history of the Lacy family records that Ilbert de Lacy was buried “ad sinistrum cornu altaris sancti Benedicti” next to his mother[105]...Matildis de Lasci...” witnessed the charter dated to [1147] under which [her son] “H. de Laceio” confirmed the donation to Pontefract made by “domina Aliz uxor Rogerii de Molbrai[106]

Robert & his wife had [five] children: 

1.         ILBERT de Lacy (-[6 Feb 1141/May 1143], bur [Pontefract Priory]).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Hilbertum et Henricum” as the two sons of “Robertum Lacy” and his wife Matilda”, adding that he died childless and was buried “ad sinistrum cornu altaris sancti Benedicti” next to his mother[107]Illebertus de Laceio” confirmed the donations made to Pontefract by “pater meus Robertus de Laceio” by charter dated to [1135/6 Feb 1141], witnessed by “Willelmo Folioth, et Henrico fratre meo, Rogero Pictaviensi et Warnero[108]"Ilbertus de Lacy" confirmed the grant of "magna Merlay, Twisleton…et…in Poterton et…in Cliderh…" made by "pater meus" [see above for his father’s grant] to "Radulfo le Rus", with the consent and advice of "Roberti fratris mei", by charter dated to [1135/41][109]The Historia of Richard of Hexham records the restoration of “Ilbertus de Lesceio filius eius” to lands which King Henry I had confiscated from “patri suo Roberto de Lesci[110]"Ilbertus de Lacy" confirmed the grant of "magnam Mitton, Haghton, magnam Merlay, Twisleton…in Potreton et…in Cliderhou" to "Radulfo le Rouse" and granted further property to "eidem Radulfo fratri meo" by charter dated to [1135/41][111].  Henry of Huntingdon records the presence at the battle of the Standard in 1138 of “Gillebertus [error for Ilbertus] de Laci[112]Orderic Vitalis names “Ilbertus de Laceio” among those who fought for King Stephen at Lincoln [2 Feb 1141][113].  His date of death is set by an undated charter under which Roger de Mowbray and his wife Alice (Ilbert’s widow) donated property to the abbey of St. Mary, Hood, witnessed by William “decanus” who was consecrated bishop of Durham 20 Jun 1143, thus providing the latest date for the document[114].  "Robertus regis filius Gloecestriæ consul" notified an agreement with the bishop of Bayeux relating to fiefs claimed by the latter, including “tota feoda Ilberti et Gilberti de Laceio...apud Laceium et apud Campels”, which were held “de Baiocensi ecclesia et de episcopo”, by charter dated Sep 1146[115].  The reference to Ilbert in this document suggests that he was still alive at that date.  m as her first husband, ALICE de Gand, daughter of WALTER de Gand & his wife Mathilde de Penthièvre (-after [1147]).  “Aliz de Gant” donated property to Pontefract Priory, for the souls of “prioris domini mei Ilberti de Lascy” and with the consent of “Henricus de Lascy”, by undated charter[116].  She married secondly ([Feb 1141/20 Jun 1143]) Roger de Mowbray.  Her second marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Rogerus de Molbrai” confirmed the donation of property to Pontefract Priory by “uxor mea…pro anima prioris domini sui Ilberti de Lasci”, witnessed by “Willielmus Peverel…Turgis de Molbray…[117].  “H. de Laceio” confirmed the donation to Pontefract made by “domina Aliz uxor Rogerii de Molbrai”, for the soul of “prioris domini sui Ilberti fratris mei”, by charter dated to [1147][118]

2.         ROBERT de Lacy (-after [1135/41]).  "Ilbertus de Lacy" confirmed the grant of "magna Merlay, Twisleton…et…in Poterton et…in Cliderh…" made by "pater meus" [see above for his father’s grant] to "Radulfo le Rus", with the consent and advice of "Roberti fratris mei", by charter dated to [1135/41][119]

3.         [--- de Lacy (-killed in battle 22 Aug 1138).  Henry of Huntingdon records the presence at the battle of the Standard in 1138 of “Gillebertus [error for Ilbertus] de Laci”, adding that his [unnamed] brother was the only English knight killed in the battle (“cuius frater ibi solus ex omnibus equitibus occisus est”)[120].  It is possible that this person was Robert who is named above.] 

4.         HENRY de Lacy (-Holy Land 25 Sep 1177).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Hilbertum et Henricum” as the two sons of “Robertum Lacy” and his wife Matilda[121]Illebertus de Laceio” confirmed the donations made to Pontefract by “pater meus Robertus de Laceio” by charter dated to [1135/6 Feb 1141], witnessed by “Willelmo Folioth, et Henrico fratre meo, Rogero Pictaviensi et Warnero[122].  “H. de Laceio” confirmed the donation to Pontefract made by “domina Aliz uxor Rogerii de Molbrai”, for the soul of “prioris domini sui Ilberti fratris mei”, by charter dated to [1147][123].  A list of fiefs of Bayeux church, dated to [1133], records “feodum de Lacey in Campellis” held by “duorum militum...Guilleberti et Henrici[124].  The reference to Henry de Lacy, rather than his brother Ilbert, suggests that this source is more correctly dated to the late 1140s.  “Henricus de Lasci” donated property to Pontefract Priory, for the souls of “patris mei Roberti de Lasci et Matilildis matris meæ”, by undated charter[125].  King Henry II pardoned “Henrico [de Laceio]” for all his actions during the war (“quicquid ipse forisfecerit in guerra antequam pax facta esset inter ipsum Henricum et regem Stephanum”) by charter dated to [1154/1156][126].  “Henricum de Laceio” founded Kirkstall Abbey, for the souls of Ilberti avi mei et Hawis uxoris suæ…et Matildis amitæ”, by undated charter[127]Henricus de Laceio et uxor mea” confirmed a donation to York St. Peter by charter dated to [1165/75][128].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Henricus de Lascy xliv l xv s, de novo xxxl xvi d" in Yorkshire in [1171/72][129].  A manuscript history of the Lacy family records that the deathin terra sancta VII Kal Oct” of Henry de Lacy, adding that his burial place is unknown[130]m [AUBREYE], daughter of EUSTACE FitzJohn & his first wife Beatrice de Vescy (-after [1165/75]).  Her family origin is indicated by the charter dated to [1180/93] under which [her son] Robertus de Lasci” granted property “in Magna Merclesdene” [Great Marsden] in fee to “Willelmo filio Eustachii avunculo meo[131]Wightman says that her name “Aubreye” is based only on a 16th century source[132].  The grantee is identified as William de Vescy (died before Nov 1183) by an undated charter (dated to [1215], which appears incongruous considering the chronology of the Vescy family) under which his descendant “Willelmus de Vesci” donated land “in Merkisdene quam Robertus Mey...de me tenuit” [apparently the same property] to Pontefract St. John[133].  The question of the family origin of the wife of Henry de Lacy has been somewhat confused by a later manuscript history of the Lacy family, which records that “Henricus Lacy” married “sororem Willielmi Vesci rectoris de Berwic[134].  The editor of the Early Yorkshire Charters compilation identifies this person as “William de Vescy, sometime parson of Barwick-in-Elmet[135], presumably based on a misinterpretation of “rector”.  In conclusion, assuming that “avunculus” in the [1180/93] charter can be interpreted in its strict sense of maternal uncle and also that [Aubreye] and William de Vescy shared both parents, Henry’s wife was the daughter of Eustace FitzJohn by his first marriage.  The possibility of an earlier marriage of [Aubreye] is raised by the same manuscript history of the Lacy family which records that “Albreda vel Aubreia, filia Roberti Lisours, soror ex parte matris” succeeded on the death of “Robertus Lacy[136].  If that is correct, Aubreye’s father was an earlier husband of Robert de Lacy’s mother.  However, this appears disproved by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records “Alicia que fuit uxor Fulconis de Lisoriis et soror Willielmi de Auberville"[137], apparently the mother of Robert de Lisours.  “Henricus de Laceio et uxor mea” confirmed a donation to York St. Peter by charter dated to [1165/75][138].  Henry & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Lacy (-21 Aug 1193, bur Kirkstall Abbey).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus de Lascy" paying "xxi l xvii s vi d" in Yorkshire[139].  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Robertus” as the son of “Henricus Lacy” and his wife “sororem Willielmi Vesci rectoris de Berwic”, adding that he died “1193 XII Kal Sep” and was buried “apud Kirkstall[140]m as her first husband, ISABEL de Warenne, daughter of HAMELIN d’Anjou Earl of Surrey & his [second] wife Isabel de Warenne of Surrey (-before 30 Nov 1234).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Isabella” as wife of “Robertus Lacy”, adding that they were childless[141]The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Ysabel que fuit uxor Roberti de Laci" owing in Yorkshire "pro habenda dota sua de terra eiusdem Roberti"[142].  She married secondly ([1196]) Gilbert de Laigle Lord of Pevensey.  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Gileberti de Aquila" married "comes Warennie…sorore sua" whose dowry was "villa de Westcot…hundredum de Wudetun" in Surrey[143].  

5.         AUBREYE de Lacy .  According to The Complete Peerage, Aubreye de Lisours, successor of Robert de Lacy was his cousin[144], implying that her mother was Robert’s paternal aunt.  This appears to be confirmed by the 1130 Pipe Roll which records "Robt de Lusor" in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and that he married "sorore Ilbti de Laci"[145].  An apparently different version of Aubreye’s parentage is provided by a manuscript history of the Lacy family which records that “Albreda vel Aubreia, filia Roberti Lisours, soror ex parte matris” succeeded on the death of “Robertus Lacy[146].  If this is correct, Aubreye’s father was the [first/second] husband of Robert de Lacy’s mother.  As the husband of Aubreye junior died in 1163, the chronology suggests that, if this version is correct, it is more probable that Aubreye was the daughter of her mother’s first marriage.  It appears from the 1130 Pipe Roll that the Complete Peerage version is to be preferred.  m ROBERT de Lisours, son of --- ([before 1120?]-after 1167). 

Robert had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

6.          RALPH le Roux (-after [1135/41]).  "Robertus de Lacy" granted "Magnam Merlay…et Tuisleton…et…in Cliderhou" to "Radulpho le Rus" by charter dated 23 Nov 1102[147].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1135/41] under which "Ilbertus de Lacy" confirmed the grant of "magnam Mitton, Haghton, magnam Merlay, Twisleton…in Potreton et…in Cliderhou" to "Radulfo le Rouse" and granted further property to "eidem Radulfo fratri meo"[148]

 

 

Other individuals whose connections, if any, to each other and to the main Lacy family have not been ascertained. 

 

1.         GILBERT de Lacy (-after [1180/93]).  “...Gilleberto de Laceio...” witnessed the charter dated to [1165/75] under which “Henricus de Laceio et uxor mea” confirmed a donation to York St. Peter[149].  “...Gilbertus de Laci...” witnessed the charter dated to [1180/93] under which “Robertus de Laci” granted property to “Radulfo choco[150]

 

2.         HENRY de Lacy (-after 1194).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "de his qui non habent capitales honores…Henrico de Lascy" paying "xiii s" in Oxfordshire[151]

 

3.         ROGER de Lacy (-after 1212).  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Rogerus de Laci" holding "feuda de v militum de feodo de Cliderhou" in Lancashire, adding that he granted land to "Roberto de Flainesburch in maritagio cum filia Roberti de Liverseg"[152].  

 

4.         GILBERT de Lacy (-after 1212).  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Rogerus de Laci" gave land to "Gilberto de Laci" in Lancashire "cum Agneta filia Johannis de Himerum in maritagio"[153].  m (before 1212) AGNES, daughter of JOHN de Himerum & his wife ---.  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Rogerus de Laci" gave land to "Gilberto de Laci" in Lancashire "cum Agneta filia Johannis de Himerum in maritagio"[154].  

 

 

 

LA HAYE

 

 

According to Domesday Descendants, this family originated from la Haye-du-Puits in the Cotentin, Normandy {Manche}[155].  The founding charter of Boxgrove Priory in Sussex states that the founder, Robert de La Haye, was "consanguineo" of Henry I King of England.  The precise relationship has not yet been traced. 

 

 

ROBERT de la Haye, son of RANULF & his wife --- ([1075/80]-[1150])A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex states that it was founded by Roberti di Haya…consanguineo eius” [referring to King Henry], to whom Henry I King of England had granted “honorem Halnaci” [Halmaker] in Sussex, and given to the abbey of Essay in Normandy[156]According to Domesday Descendants, this was land which had been forfeited by William de Ansleville[157].  In the foundation charter of the priory he names himself "son of Ranulf the seneschal of Robert de Mortain" and "nephew of Eudo dapifer" [son of Thurstan Haldup][158]Domesday Descendants dates the foundation to "before 1105"[159], which would place Robert’s birth in [1075/80], bearing in mind his date of death.  Robertus de Haia et sponsa mea Gundrede” donated Basselech Priory, Monmouth to Glastonbury, with the consent of "domini mei Roberti filii Hamonis et sponsæ suæ Sibiliæ", by charter dated to [1101/20][160]King Henry I, with "Johanni episcopo Luxoviensi, et comiti Gloecestriæ, et comiti Rannulfo Cestriæ, et Roberto de Haia", confirmed the privileges of the church of Bayeux by charter dated [1118/35][161].  Henry I King of England confirmed the possessions of Holy Trinity, Lessay, including the donations by "Robertus de Haia Ricardus et Eudonis nepos" [which appears to be garbled] with the advice of "Muriele uxoris sue et filiorum suorum Ricardi…Radulfi", by charter dated 1126[162].  The obituary of Lincoln Cathedral commemorates “IV Id Sep” (not their deaths, presumably referring to the date of a donation) “Robertus de Heia et Muriel uxor eius[163].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessai, including donations by "Turstini Haldup et Eudonis filii eius" confirmed by "Roberti de Haia et Murielis uxoris sue et Richardi et Radulfi filiorum eorum", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][164]

m [firstly] GUNDRED, daughter of ---.  “Robertus de Haia et sponsa mea Gundrede” donated Basselech Priory, Monmouth to Glastonbury, with the consent of "domini mei Roberti filii Hamonis et sponsæ suæ Sibiliæ", by charter dated to [1101/20][165].  It is assumed that Gundred was Robert’s first wife as his wife Muriel was named in a charter dated 1126 (see below). 

m [secondly] MURIEL, daughter of PICOT FitzColswein & his wife Beatrice ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated May 1111 which records that “Picotus filius Colwani Linc. cum uxore et quodam nepote…Ricardi et quadam nepte…Cecilia” donated revenue from "villa…Suttona et Luttona" to Spalding Monastery, in the presence of "ipso Pichoto uxore eius Beatrice…"[166].  Henry I King of England confirmed the possessions of Holy Trinity, Lessay, including the donations by "Robertus de Haia Ricardus et Eudonis nepos" [which appears to be garbled] with the advice of "Muriele uxoris sue et filiorum suorum Ricardi…Radulfi", by charter dated 1126[167].  The obituary of Lincoln Cathedral commemorates “IV Id Sep” (not their deaths, presumably referring to the date of a donation) “Robertus de Heia et Muriel uxor eius[168].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessai, including donations by "Turstini Haldup et Eudonis filii eius" confirmed by "Roberti de Haia et Murielis uxoris sue et Richardi et Radulfi filiorum eorum", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][169]

Robert & his [second] wife had four children: 

1.         RICHARD de la Haye (-[24 Apr], 1169 or after 1171, bur Blanchelande abbey).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated May 1111 under which his maternal grandfather “Picotus filius Colwani Linc. cum uxore et quodam nepote…Ricardi et quadam nepte…Cecilia” donated revenue from "villa…Suttona et Luttona" to Spalding Monastery[170].  Henry I King of England confirmed the possessions of Holy Trinity, Lessay, including the donations by "Robertus de Haia Ricardus et Eudonis nepos" [which appears to be garbled] with the advice of "Muriele uxoris sue et filiorum suorum Ricardi…Radulfi", by charter dated 1126[171].  A charter dated to [1144] of Geoffroy Duke of Normandy, Comte d’Anjou, records the notification to the archbishop of Rouen of an enquiry into the possessions of Bayeux church, including a donation made "coram Ricardo de Haia et Roberto de Novo Burgo et Roberto de Curceio"[172].  "…Ricardus de Haya…" witnessed the charter dated to [end 1150/early Sep 1151] under which "H. dux Normannorum" granted privileges to the citizens of Rouen[173].  "Ricardus de Humez constabularius, Richardus de Haia…" witnessed the charter dated under which Henri Duke of Normandy notified a judgment relating to the house of the late "Conani thesaurarii" by charter dated to [1152/54][174].  Henry II King of England confirmed "Ric de Haia" in the possession of his father’s lands, including "constabularia sua de Lincolscii, custodia castelli mei Linc", by charter dated to [1155/58][175].  “Rich. de Haia et Mat. uxor eius” donated “villam Cambringeham” in England to Blanchelande abbey by undated charter[176].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Blanchelande, including donations by "…Ricardus de Haya et Matildis uxor eius, predicte ecclesie fundatores, et Radulfus de Haya Ricardi nepos, et Willelmus de Vernone et Ricardus eius filius…" by charter dated 1157[177].  “Ricardus de Haia” donated “molendino de Welletune” in England to Blanchelande abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "T. Ragin. de Maisnillo nepote meo…"[178].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Ricardus de Haya xvi m, de novo iv m" in Lincolnshire in [1167/68][179].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1169 of "Richardus de Haia", adding that he left "filias tres"[180].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Ricardus de Haya xx l" in Lincolnshire in [1171/72][181], which suggests that Richard’s date of death as reported by Robert of Torigny may be incorrect.  The obituary of Lincoln Cathedral records the death “VIII Kal Apr” of “Ricardus de Heia[182].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessai, including donations by "Turstini Haldup et Eudonis filii eius" confirmed by "Roberti de Haia et Murielis uxoris sue et Richardi et Radulfi filiorum eorum", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][183]m MATHILDE, daughter of [GUILLAUME de Vernon & his wife Lucy de Tancarville] (-after 1157).  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Blanchelande, including donations by "…Ricardus de Haya et Matildis uxor eius, predicte ecclesie fundatores, et Radulfus de Haya Ricardi nepos, et Willelmus de Vernone et Ricardus eius filius…" by charter dated 1157[184].  This charter does not specify that Richard’s wife was the daughter of Guillaume de Vernon but this appears to be a likely possibility.  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessai, including donations by "Ricardus de Haia et Matildis uxor sua", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][185].  Richard & his wife had three children: 

a)         NICOLE de la Haye (-Nov 1230)Nicholaa de Haya filia Ricardi de Haya” confirmed the donation of “villam de Kambringham” to Blanchelande abbey by "dictus Ricardus pater meus" by undated charter[186].  King Richard I confirmed the inheritance by "Gerardo de Canuilla et Nicolæ uxori sue" of all her inheritance in England and Normandy from "Rob de Haia et R[ic] de Haia", including "constabularia castelli Lincoln" and land at Poupeville and Varreville, by charter dated 1189[187].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which names "Ricardi de Hai…predecessor domine Nicollæ uxoris Gerardi [de Camvill]" in relation to landholdings in Lincolnshire[188].  Henry III King of England took "dominam Nicholaam de Haya et Ricardum de Campvill filium suum" under protection dated 12 Feb 1217[189].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Lincoln, dated 1219, which includes "Domina Nicholaa de Haya est de donacione domini regis et terra eius de Swaveton valet per annum xx.l"[190].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Willelmus Longespei et Idonea uxor eius" against "Oliuero de Ayncurt et Nicholæ uxori eius" concerning "manerium de Dudingtona", inherited from "Nicholaæ de Haya avie ipsius Idonee cuius heres ipsa est" which names "Gerardum de Kaunuilla et Nicholaam uxorem eius Ricardum de Humaz et Juliam uxorem eius et Willelmum de Rullos et Isabellam uxorem eius" as "filias et heredes Ricardi de Haya"[191]m firstly WILLIAM FitzErneis, son of --- (-1178).  m secondly GERARD de Camville, son of RICHARD [I] de Camville & his [second wife Melisende ---] (-1214). 

b)         GILLE de la Haye .  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Willelmus Longespei et Idonea uxor eius" against "Oliuero de Ayncurt et Nicholæ uxori eius" concerning "manerium de Dudingtona", inherited from "Nicholaæ de Haya avie ipsius Idonee cuius heres ipsa est" which names "Gerardum de Kaunuilla et Nicholaam uxorem eius Ricardum de Humaz et Juliam uxorem eius et Willelmum de Rullos et Isabellam uxorem eius" as "filias et heredes Ricardi de Haya"[192]m RICHARD du Hommet, son of GUILLAUME [II] du Hommet & his wife Lucy --- (-before 1204). 

c)         ISABELLE de la Haye .  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Willelmus Longespei et Idonea uxor eius" against "Oliuero de Ayncurt et Nicholæ uxori eius" concerning "manerium de Dudingtona", inherited from "Nicholaæ de Haya avie ipsius Idonee cuius heres ipsa est" which names "Gerardum de Kaunuilla et Nicholaam uxorem eius Ricardum de Humaz et Juliam uxorem eius et Willelmum de Rullos et Isabellam uxorem eius" as "filias et heredes Ricardi de Haya"[193]m WILLIAM de Rullos, son of ---. 

2.         CECILIA de la Haye (-[1162/77]).  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated May 1111 under which her maternal grandfather “Picotus filius Colwani Linc. cum uxore et quodam nepote…Ricardi et quadam nepte…Cecilia” donated revenue from "villa…Suttona et Luttona" to Spalding Monastery[194]A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex states that Roberti di Haya…Ceciliam filiam suam” married “Rogero de sancto Johanne[195]m ROGER de Saint John, son of --- (-1130 or after). 

3.         RALPH de la Haye .  Henry I King of England confirmed the possessions of Holy Trinity, Lessay, including the donations by "Robertus de Haia Ricardus et Eudonis nepos" [which appears to be garbled] with the advice of "Muriele uxoris sue et filiorum suorum Ricardi…Radulfi", by charter dated 1126[196].  "Willelmus de Albiniaco" donated “ecclesias de villa...Ham” to Chartres Saint-Père by charter dated to [1132/51], witnessed by “...Olivarius frater Willelmi de Albiniaco et Radulfus de Haia et Engerannus de Sai...[197].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Radulfus de Haia" with two knights and one half "de honore de Plaiseisio", one knight "de honore Mortolii, de feodo de Crienciis" and six knights and one half "in Constantino" in his own service[198].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessai, including donations by "Turstini Haldup et Eudonis filii eius" confirmed by "Roberti de Haia et Murielis uxoris sue et Richardi et Radulfi filiorum eorum", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][199].  Of Halnaker, Sussex.  m OLIVE de Albini, daughter WILLIAM de Albini "Pincerna" & his wife Maud le Bigod (-bur Boxgrove Priory).  Wilielmus Cicestriæ comes” donated property “ecclesiæ de Bisintona quam Radulphus de Haia dedit ecclesiæ sanctæ Trinitatis” to Boxgrove Priory, dated the day “ipse Radulphus” was betrothed to “uxorem suam Olivam sororem…meam”, subscribed by “Radulfus filius Savari…[200].  “Wilielmus comes Arundelli” donated property “Bessesola..[et] Winkingas” to Boxgrove Priory, for the souls of “Adelizæ reginæ…Olivæ sororis meæ, et Olyvæ filiæ meæ, et Agathæ, quæ ibi iacent”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Godfridus filius comitis[201].  Her brother settled dower in Sussex on her[202]

4.         --- de la Hayem ---.  One child: 

a)         RALPH de la Haye (-after 1157).  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Blanchelande, including donations by "…Ricardus de Haya et Matildis uxor eius, predicte ecclesie fundatores, et Radulfus de Haya Ricardi nepos, et Willelmus de Vernone et Ricardus eius filius…" by charter dated 1157[203]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de la Haye .  "Robertus de Haia" confirmed the donation of land at Authorpe to the monks of la Sauve Majeure at Burwell, Lincolnshire by "R. avi mei et R. de Haia patris mei", by charter dated to the late reign of King Henry II[204]

 

2.         RICHARD de la Haye (-after 1190).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Ricardus de Haia" paying "viii l, xvi milites" in Lincolnshire[205]

 

3.         ROGER de la Haye (-after 1198).  The Testa de Nevill records that "Rogerus de Haia" held land "in Akes" in Yorkshire in 1198[206].  

 

4.         WILLIAM de la Haye (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus de la Haie" holding one knight’s fee and one half "in Mersie et Leigre" in Essex, Hertfordshire, and one half "in Ratendone" in Essex in [1210/12][207]

 

5.         SARAH, daughter of --- (-after 1212).  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Sarra de Haya" held "manerium de Mildetun" in Surrey[208].  

 

 

 

LA MARE

 

 

1.         --- de la Mare m [--- de Gloucester, daughter of ROGER de Pitres & his wife Adeline ---].  Her parentage and marriage are established by the charter dated to [1123] which records that "Walt de Gloec" gave Little Hereford in fee to "Willo de Mara nepoti suo"[209], although it is always possible that "nepos" should be interpreted in this document as indicating a more remote relationship than nephew.  [Two] children: 

a)         WILLIAM de la Mare (-[1127/28]).  Domesday Book records “William de la Mare” holding land in Welwyn in Hertfordshire from Guillaume d’Eu[210].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Danby” by “Willielmus de la Mara[211].  A charter dated to [1123] records that "Walt de Gloec" gave Little Hereford in fee to "Willo de Mara nepoti suo"[212].  "Walter de Gloecestria, Milo fili ei…Willelm de Mara" witnessed the charter dated to [1127] which records that "Ricard Puncii filii" granted Aston, Gloucestershire ("Hestoniam") to "Mathilli uxori mee"[213]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had two children: 

i)          ROBERT de la Mare (-[1129]).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rob de Lamara…p ministio" in Wiltshire (twice), adding in one entry that "mortuus est" and that "fra suus" returned in Oxfordshire[214]

ii)         HENRY de la Mare .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Henr de Lamara" in Oxfordshire (three times) and in Gloucestershire[215]m ---.  The name of Henry’s wife is not known.  Henry & his wife had [one child]: 

(a)       [WILLIAM de la Mare (-after [1171/83]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Willelmus de Mara" with half a knight "de honore de sanctæ Mariæ ecclesia"[216].  "Will de Lamara" donated land at Rendcombe, Gloucestershire to Bruerne abbey, Oxfordshire by charter dated to [1171/83][217].  William’s parentage has not been confirmed but his holding land in Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire suggests that it is likely that he was the son of Henry de Mare.] 

b)         [RALPH de la Mare (-after 1130).  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo records that "Radulfus de la Mare" held land from "abbatia de Burch, in Hamtonascira" and in Lincolnshire[218].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rad de Lamara" in Northamptonshire, adding a reference to "nepotes suos" (presumably referring to Robert and Henry who are also named in the 1130 Pipe Roll, indicating that Ralph was presumably the brother of William)[219].] 

 

 

1.         ALAN de la Mare (-before [1160]).  "Alanus de la Mara et sponsa eius Beatrix" donated land in Ruholm to Newhouse abbey, Lincolnshire by charter dated to [1150][220]m BEATRIX, daughter of --- (-after [1160]).  "Alanus de la Mara et sponsa eius Beatrix" donated land in Ruholm to Newhouse abbey, Lincolnshire by charter dated to [1150][221].  "Willelmus de la Mare filius Alani de la Mare et Beatrix mater eius" confirmed a donation of land in Kirmington to Newhouse abbey, Lincolnshire by "Adam de Chirningtun filium Heruei" by charter dated to [1160], witnessed by "..:Wigan avunculo Alani de la Mara…"[222].  Alan & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de la Mare (-after [1160]).  "Willelmus de Lamarre filius Alani de Lamarre et Amabilis sponsa eius" confirmed the donation of Ruholm to Newhouse abbey, Lincolnshire, for the soul of "Alani de Lamarre", by charter dated to [1157/63], witnessed by "..:Roberto filio Ernisii de Gousla…"[223].  "Willelmus de la Mare filius Alani de la Mare et Beatrix mater eius" confirmed a donation of land in Kirmington to Newhouse abbey, Lincolnshire by "Adam de Chirningtun filium Heruei" by charter dated to [1160], witnessed by "..:Wigan avunculo Alani de la Mara…"[224]m MABILE, daughter of ---.  "Willelmus de Lamarre filius Alani de Lamarre et Amabilis sponsa eius" confirmed the donation of Ruholm to Newhouse abbey, Lincolnshire, for the soul of "Alani de Lamarre", by charter dated to [1157/63], witnessed by "..:Roberto filio Ernisii de Gousla…"[225]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de la Mare (-[1210/Jun 1212]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de la Mare" holding half of one knight’s fee "in Lavintone" in Wiltshire, and one "in Waldene" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1210/12][226].  "Robertus de la Mare" donated land "in villa de Baldyndone" to Eynsham abbey by charter dated to before Jun 1212[227]m ---.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         PETER de la Mare (-after 1212).  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which names "Petrus filius Roberti de la Mare iii milites" among the tenants of the honour of Wallingford[228].  "Petrus de la Mare" confirmed the donation of land "in villa de Baldyndone" to Eynsham abbey made by "bone memorie Robertus de la Mare pater meus", for the soul of "uxoris mee et heredum meorum", by charter dated to [1212/28][229]m ---. 

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         HENRY de la Mare (-[1210/12]).  The Testa de Nevill records that "Henricus de la Mare" held land "in Alveseicuth" in Oxfordshire, and land "in Winterburn" in Wiltshire, in 1198[230].  "Henr de la Mare" made a fine for "terra Petronille de Croun ux sue et terris suis in Angliam et Willelmus de La Mara frater suus…", dated 1205[231].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Henricus de la Mare" holding three hides "in Winterburne per serjantariam" in Wiltshire in [1210/12][232]m as her second husband, PETRONILLA de Craon, widow of WILLIAM de Longchamp, daughter of GUY [Wythe] de Craon & his wife Isabel ---.  A genealogy of the founders of Freston Priory names "dame Petronil de Croune" as the daughter of "monsieur Wythe de Croune" and his wife "Clarice", adding that she married firstly "baron monsieur William Longechaumpe" (by whom she had "monsieur Henre de Longechaumpe", and listing several generations of his descendants) and secondly "baron monsieur Oliver Vaux"[233].  "Henr de la Mare" made a fine for "terra Petronille de Croun ux sue et terris suis in Angliam et Willelmus de La Mara frater suus…", dated 1205[234].  "Henr de Mara et Petronill ux eius" claimed "dote…versus…Henr de Longo Campo" in Herefordshire, dated 1207[235].  She married thirdly ([1211/12]) Oliver des Vaux.  Her third marriage is confirmed by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Oliverus de Vallibus" held "Vargeburn in barunia cum uxore que fuit Henrici de la Mare" in Hampshire[236]

2.         WILLIAM de la Mare (-after 1210).  "Henr de la Mare" made a fine for "terra Petronille de Croun ux sue et terris suis in Angliam et Willelmus de La Mara frater suus…", dated 1205[237].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus de la Mare" holding three knights’ fees in "Ditton…de honore Britanniæ" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1210/12][238]

 

 

1.         RALPH de la Mare (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Radulfus de la Mare" holding three knights’ fees in "Cadeneye, Kaleseye, Sperlingtone, Kerlingtone" in Lincolnshire in [1210/12][239]

 

2.         JAMES de la Mare (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Jacobus de la Mare" holding land from "honor Peverelli" in Leicestershire in [1210/12][240]

 

3.         THOMAS de la Mare (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Thomas de la Mare" holding 2 knights’ fees "in Hanlega, Redmarlega, Alretone et Doddeham" in Worcestershire in [1210/12][241]

 

4.         HENRY de la Mare (-after 1219).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Henricus de la Mar" holding land "in Elwescot" in Bampton in Oxfordshire[242].  

 

5.         HENRY de la Marem ---.  The name of Henry’s wife is not known.  Henry & his wife had one child: 

a)         --- de la Mare ([1233/35]-).  A writ dated 10 Jan "33 Hen III", after the death of "Gunnora de la Mare" names "Henry, son of Henry Tracy her uncle, aged 13 at Whitsunday, 35 Hen III, and a son of Henry de la Mare, whose name is unknown, aged 15, are variously stated to be her heir" and "Elveiscot alias Elfeiscot, Alfiscot [Oxford]…Winterburne [Wiltshire]"[243]

 

6.         GUNNORA de la Mare (-before 10 Jan 1249).  A writ dated 10 Jan "33 Hen III", after the death of "Gunnora de la Mare" names "Henry, son of Henry Tracy her uncle, aged 13 at Whitsunday, 35 Hen III, and a son of Henry de la Mare, whose name is unknown, aged 15, are variously stated to be her heir" and "Elveiscot alias Elfeiscot, Alfiscot [Oxford]…Winterburne [Wiltshire]"[244]

 

 

 

LANCASTER

 

 

I am grateful to Andrew Lancaster for correcting errors in a previous version of this chapter and for providing details of additional sources relating to the Lancaster family.  Interested researchers should consult his webpages which provide more information on this family than is shown below and quote numerous primary sources[245].  In relation to this family, one area which deserves further research is the extent to which illegitimacy represented no restriction on the acquisition of local power.  As can be seen below, prominent members of the family from William [I] de Lancaster onwards had illegitimate sons who shared in family lands.  In some cases, descendants of these children consolidated their positions further with significant additional land acquisitions.  In addition, one case at least demonstrates that illegitimate ancestry did not prevent marriage into another prominent noble family.  In this respect the Lancaster family contrasts with other untitled English noble families studied in Medieval Lands in which the prominence of illegitimate branches is less apparent, although the difference could merely reflect the lack of available source material relating to those other families. 

 

 

1.         ELDRED .  An undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire records that “Ivo Tailbot genuit Elthredum[246].  This statement is presumably incorrect as another source indicates that Ivo Taillebois had no sons: Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that the marriage of the "only daughter" of "Ivo Taillebois…[and] his wife the lady Lucia"[247]m [---, daughter of IVO Taillebois [I] & his wife Lucy ---.  Domesday Descendants suggests that Ingulph (quoted above) was incorrect and that Ivo Taillebois [I] left a second daughter who was the wife of Eldred, noting that the couple’s grandson William de Lancaster held the barony of Kendal which Ivo had previously held[248].  This is contradicted by the Cockersand Abbey manuscript quoted above, which names “Elthredum” as son of ”Ivo Tailbot[249], although this statement is improbable as no other primary sources indicate that Ivo had sons.]  Eldred & his wife had two children: 

a)         KETEL (-after 1120).  An undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire records that “Elthredus [genuit] Ketellum[250].  His parentage is confirmed by a charter of William [I] de Lancaster to York St Leonard’s, confirming a donation by his "avunculus" Ketel fitz Eldred, from which it can be deduced that William’s mother was Ketel’s sister (assuming that avunculus is interpreted in its strict sense of maternal uncle)[251].  "Chetellus filius Eldred" donated "ecclesiam de Morlund…et ecclesiam de Brounefeld…et ecclesiam de Wirkynton" to St Bees, with the consent of "uxoris mee Christiane et Willelmi filii mei", by undated charter, witnessed by "Cristiana uxore mea , Willelmo filio meo, Archil senescaldo, Yvone filio Forni…"[252].  "Chetellus filius Eltred" donated "ecclesiam de Morlund…et ecclesiam de Wirchington" to York St Mary by undated charter, witnessed by "Christiana uxore mea, Willelmo filio meo, Archibaldo senescallo"[253].  "Ranulfus Meschinus filius Willelmi Meschin" confirmed the donation of land "in Wirchintuna" donated by "Chetellus filius Heltredi" to St Bees by undated charter[254]m CHRISTIANA, daughter of ---.  "Chetellus filius Eldred" donated "ecclesiam de Morlund…" to St Bees, with the consent of "uxoris mee Christiane et Willelmi filii mei", by undated charter[255].  "Chetellus filius Eltred" donated "ecclesiam de Morlund…et ecclesiam de Wirchington" to York St Mary by undated charter, witnessed by "Christiana uxore mea, Willelmo filio meo, Archibaldo senescallo"[256].  Ketel & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          WILLIAM .  "Chetellus filius Eldred" donated "ecclesiam de Morlund…" to St Bees, with the consent of "uxoris mee Christiane et Willelmi filii mei", by undated charter[257].  "Chetellus filius Eltred" donated "ecclesiam de Morlund…et ecclesiam de Wirchington" to York St Mary by undated charter, witnessed by "Christiana uxore mea, Willelmo filio meo, Archibaldo senescallo"[258]

ii)         [ORM (-after 1094).  "…Orm filius Ketell…" witnessed the charter dated 1094 under which "Rogerus comes Pictavencis" donated land "iuxta Lanecastrum…" to the church of St Martin (of the church of St Mary, Lancaster), for the souls of "Rogeri Scroberiæ patris sui, matrisque suæ Mabiliæ cometissæ"[259].  The chronology does not appear ideal for the witness of this charter to have been the son of Ketel son of Eldred, assuming that Ketel’s mother was the daughter of Ivo Taillebois.]  same person as…?  ORM .  This co-identity is assumed by Farrer[260].  The connection with the church of Workington, held by Ketel supposed father of Orm and by Gospatrick his son, suggests that the hypothesis may be correct.  The chronology, however, is not ideal, given Orm’s mention in 1094 and his supposed son’s death after 1174.  m firstly GUNHILDA, daughter of GOSPATRICK Earl of Northumberland & his wife ---.  The Cronicon Cumbriæ records that “Waldevus filius comitis Cospatricii” enfeoffed “Ormo Ketelli” with property and “Gurwelda sorore sua[261]m secondly EBREA, daughter of ---.  "Gospatricius filius Orm" donated "villam de Salterge…" to St Bees by undated charter (dated to before 1158), witnessed by "…Roberto filio Orm, Micaele fratre eius…Elgiva uxore ipsius Gospatricii, Ebrea matre eius…Thoma filio Gospatricii, Adam, Roberto fratribus eius"[262].  Orm & his second wife had four children: 

(a)       GOSPATRICK (-after 1174).  "Alanus filius Waldevi" confirmed the donation of "unam plenariam toftam apud Scadebuas" made to St Bees by "pater meus" by undated charter witnessed by "…Gospatricio filio Horm, Uctredo filio Uctredi, Ailwardi filio Dolf[ini], Gospatricio fratre suo…"[263].  "…Gospatricio filio Orm et Randulfo de Lindeseia…" witnessed the undated charter under which David King of Scotland confirmed the donation to St Bees made by "Matildis uxor Godardi"[264].  The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Gospat’z fil Ormi" in Carlisle[265].  "Gospatricius filius Ormi et Egelina uxor eius" donated land "juxta Flemingby" to Carlisle St Mary by undated charter, witnessed by "Michaele fratre Gospatricuum, Ormo filio Dolfini…"[266].  "Gospatricius filius Orm" donated "villam de Salterge", and confirmed "ecclesiam de Wirchingetona" and "ecclesiam de Halfringtuna" which "Elemerus clericus, cognatus meus" held during his lifetime, to St Bees by undated charter (dated to before 1158), witnessed by "Alano filio Wallef, Willelmo Engaine, Gilberto fratre eius, Roberto filio Orm, Micaele fratre eius…Elgiva uxore ipsius Gospatricii, Ebrea matre eius…Thoma filio Gospatricii, Adam, Roberto fratribus eius"[267].  "Gospatricius filius Orm" donated "villam de Saltergre", and confirmed "ecclesiam de Wirkynton" and "ecclesiam de Haverinton" which "Elemerus clericus, cognatus meus" held during his lifetime as well as "communi pastura de Arlokedene", to St Bees by undated charter (dated to before 1158), witnessed by "Alano filio Waltef, Willelmo Engaine, Gilberto fratre eius, Roberto filio Orm, Michaele fratre eius…Egeliva uxore mea, Ebrea matre mea…Rogero filio Orm"[268].  "Cecilia comitissa Albamarlie" donated land "inter Esc et Duden…Kirkesantan et Haverigg…et Thueites" to St Bees, and confirmed the donation of "villam de Salterge cum communi pastura de Arlokedene" made by "Cospatric filii Horm", by undated charter[269]m EGELINE [Elgiva], daughter of ---.  "Gospatricius filius Ormi et Egelina uxor eius" donated land "juxta Flemingby" to Carlisle St Mary by undated charter, witnessed by "Michaele fratre Gospatricuum, Ormo filio Dolfini…"[270].  Gospatrick & his wife had four children: 

(1)       THOMAS (-[13 Nov 1200/1201]).  "Gospatricius filius Orm" donated "villam de Salterge…" to St Bees by undated charter (dated to before 1158), witnessed by "…Roberto filio Orm, Micaele fratre eius…Elgiva uxore ipsius Gospatricii, Ebrea matre eius…Thoma filio Gospatricii, Adam, Roberto fratribus eius"[271].  "Thomas filius Gospatricii de Wirkintona" donated "salmones in Wirkintona…" to St Bees by undated charter, witnessed by "Alano filio Gospatricii et Adam fratre eius, Thomas Engaina…"[272].  "Thomas filius Gospatrici" donated "salinam de Culwen" to St Bees, with the consent of "Patricii filii mei", by undated charter[273].  "Willelmus persona de Wirkinton filius Thome de Wirkinton" donated property to the church of Wirkinton by undated charter, witnessed by "Thoma filio Gospatricii, Thoma herede suo…"[274]m as her first husband, GRACE, daughter of ---.  She married secondly (1201) Roger de Beauchamp.  "Rog de Bello Campo et Grecia q fuit uxor Thom fil Gospatric" made a fine for "custodia terre et heredis Thom fil Gospatric et p maritaghndo ipsius heredis" in Westmoreland & Cumberland, dated 1201[275].  Thomas & his wife had three children: 

a.         THOMAS (-before 1201).  "Robertus abbas ecclesie beate Marie Eboraci" granted "ecclesiam nostram de Wirkinton" to "Willelmo clerico filio Thome de Wirkinton" by undated charter, witnessed by "Thoma filio Gospatrici, Thoma herede suo…"[276].  "Willelmus persona de Wirkinton filius Thome de Wirkinton" donated property to the church of Wirkinton by undated charter, witnessed by "Thoma filio Gospatricii, Thoma herede suo…"[277]

b.         PATRICK (-after 26 Nov 1250).  "Thomas filius Gospatrici" donated "salinam de Culwen" to St Bees, with the consent of "Patricii filii mei", by undated charter[278].  "Patricius filius Thome de Wirkintona" confirmed the donation of "salmones in Wirkintona…" to St Bees, for the souls of "mee et uxoris mee", by undated charter[279]

c.         WILLIAM (-after 1227).  "Robertus abbas ecclesie beate Marie Eboraci" granted "ecclesiam nostram de Wirkinton" to "Willelmo clerico filio Thome de Wirkinton" by undated charter, witnessed by "Thoma filio Gospatrici, Thoma herede suo…"[280].  "Willelmus persona de Wirkinton filius Thome de Wirkinton" donated property to the church of Wirkinton by undated charter, witnessed by "Thoma filio Gospatricii, Thoma herede suo…"[281]

(2)       ALAN .  "Thomas filius Gospatricii de Wirkintona" donated "salmones in Wirkintona…" to St Bees by undated charter, witnessed by "Alano filio Gospatricii et Adam fratre eius, Thomas Engaina…"[282]

(3)       ADAM .  "Gospatricius filius Orm" donated "villam de Salterge…" to St Bees by undated charter (dated to before 1158), witnessed by "…Roberto filio Orm, Micaele fratre eius…Elgiva uxore ipsius Gospatricii, Ebrea matre eius…Thoma filio Gospatricii, Adam, Roberto fratribus eius"[283].  "Thomas filius Gospatricii de Wirkintona" donated "salmones in Wirkintona…" to St Bees by undated charter, witnessed by "Alano filio Gospatricii et Adam fratre eius, Thomas Engaina…"[284]

(4)       ROBERT .  "Gospatricius filius Orm" donated "villam de Salterge…" to St Bees by undated charter (dated to before 1158), witnessed by "…Roberto filio Orm, Micaele fratre eius…Elgiva uxore ipsius Gospatricii, Ebrea matre eius…Thoma filio Gospatricii, Adam, Roberto fratribus eius"[285]

(b)       ROBERT .  "Gospatricius filius Orm" donated "villam de Salterge…" to St Bees by undated charter (dated to before 1158), witnessed by "…Roberto filio Orm, Micaele fratre eius…Elgiva uxore ipsius Gospatricii, Ebrea matre eius…Thoma filio Gospatricii, Adam, Roberto fratribus eius"[286]

(c)       MICHAEL .  "Gospatricius filius Ormi et Egelina uxor eius" donated land "juxta Flemingby" to Carlisle St Mary by undated charter, witnessed by "Michaele fratre Gospatricuum, Ormo filio Dolfini…"[287].  "Gospatricius filius Orm" donated "villam de Salterge…" to St Bees by undated charter (dated to before 1158), witnessed by "…Roberto filio Orm, Micaele fratre eius…Elgiva uxore ipsius Gospatricii, Ebrea matre eius…Thoma filio Gospatricii, Adam, Roberto fratribus eius"[288]

(d)       ROGER .  "Gospatricius filius Orm" donated "villam de Saltergre…" to St Bees by undated charter (dated to before 1158), witnessed by "…Roberto filio Orm, Michaele fratre eius…Rogero filio Orm"[289]

b)         GODITHA .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter of [her son] William of Lancaster to York St Leonard’s, confirming a donation by his "avunculus" Ketel fitz Eldred, from which it can be deduced that William’s mother was Ketel’s sister (assuming that avunculus is interpreted in its strict sense of maternal uncle, which is not always the case)[290].  She is named in the charter dated to [1156/60] under which “Wills de Lancastre” donated pasture rights to the church of Leicester St. Mary du Pré, with the consent of “Willi fil mei et heredis et Gundree uxis mee”, for the souls of “Gilebti pris mei et Godithe matris mei et Jordani fil mei et Margarete fil Comitisse”, witnessed by “Willo fil meo et herede, Gundr fil Comitisse...[291]m GILBERT, son of ---.  An undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire records that “Ketellus [genuit] Gilbertum[292].  As noted above, this statement is contradicted by the charter cited above which describes Ketel as “avunculus” of Gilbert’s son William.  This suggests that the more likely family relationship is that Gilbert’s wife was the sister of Ketel.  This is possibly corroborated by Gilbert’s own Frankish-origin name (derived from Giselbert?) which, if he was the blood relation of Ketel, would represent the only non-Anglo-Saxon/Danish name in the family.  Gilbert & his wife had [four] children: 

i)          WILLIAM [I] "Taillebois" de Lancaster (-after 1166).  An undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire records that “Gilbertus [genuit] Will; qui quidem Willielmus fecit se vocari Willielmum de Lancaster...baronem de Kendale[293].  “Willielmus filius Ranulphi” confirmed the foundation of St Bee’s priory, Cumberland by undated charter, dated to [1105/20], which refers to donations by “Willielmus filius Gilberti de Lancastria[294]

-         see below

ii)         ROGER .  "Rogerus filius Gilberti" donated "villam de Helsingham" to St Bees, for the salvation of "Willelmi fratris mei et nepotis mei Willelmi", by undated charter[295].  "Rogerus filius Gilberti" donated "terram de Walton" to St Bees, with the consent of "uxoris mee Sigeride", by undated charter, witnessed by "Roberto fratre meo…Roberto filio meo…"[296]m as her second husband, SIGRID, widow of WALTHEOF, daughter of ---.  "Rogerus filius Gilberti" donated "terram de Walton" to St Bees, with the consent of "uxoris mee Sigeride", by undated charter, witnessed by "Roberto fratre meo…Roberto filio meo…"[297]Her second marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which [her son] "Alanus filius Walthef et Sigrid mater et Rogerus vir eius" donated land "in Aspatrick" to St Bees by undated charter[298].  Roger [& his wife] had one child: 

(a)       ROBERT"Rogerus filius Gilberti" donated "terram de Walton" to St Bees, with the consent of "uxoris mee Sigeride", by undated charter, witnessed by "Roberto fratre meo…Roberto filio meo…"[299].  It is possible that Robert was his father’s son by an earlier otherwise unrecorded marriage. 

iii)        ROBERT .  "Rogerus filius Gilberti" donated "terram de Walton" to St Bees, with the consent of "uxoris mee Sigeride", by undated charter, witnessed by "Roberto fratre meo…Roberto filio meo…"[300]

iv)       [GILBERT de Lancaster .  "…Gillebto de Lancas--- Ricardo filio Gillebti" witnessed the undated charter under which "Ricardus de Moravilla constabularius regis Scotie et Willelmus filius eius et heres" donated property "in Witelei" to Melrose abbey[301].  It is possible that "Gillebto de Lancas" in this charter was related to Hawise de Lancaster, the wife of Richard de Morville, possibly her paternal uncle.  It is not known whether "Ricardo filio Gillebti" was the son of the same person, although this is suggested because the name follows Gilbert’s.  “Uchtredus filius Ketelli” confirmed to “Gileberto de Lancastro quartam partem tocius terre quam Willelmus de Loncastr” had given to “patri meo Ketello” in “Stirkeland” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willo filio Ketelli, Roberto de Morvill...Bernardo filio Ketell[302].  It is not known whether this document relates to this Gilbert de Lancaster.] 

 

 

WILLIAM [I] "Taillebois" de Lancaster, son of GILBERT & his wife Goditha --- (-after 1166).  An undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire records that “Gilbertus [genuit] Will; qui quidem Willielmus fecit se vocari Willielmum de Lancaster...baronem de Kendale[303].  “Willielmus filius Ranulphi” confirmed the foundation of St Bee’s priory, Cumberland by undated charter, dated to [1105/20], which refers to donations by “Willielmus filius Gilberti de Lancastria[304].  "Willelmus filius Ranulfi" confirmed the donation of land "de Swartahof" donated by "Willelmus filius Gilberti de Lancastre" to St Bees by undated charter[305].  An undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Willielmum de Lancaster” as son of ”Gilbertus[306].  A charter of King Henry II confirmed the donation to Furness by “Willilemum filium Gilberti” also named “primus Willielmum de Lancaster, baronem de Kendale, qui prius vocabatur de Tailboys[307]"Willelmus de Lancastre" donated property to Leicester, St Mary de Pré, with the consent of "Willelmi filii mei et hæredis et Gundredæ uxoris meæ", by charter dated to [1153/56][308].  "Willelmus de Lancastre" donated pasture rights in "feodum meum in Lonisdale et in Aumundernesse" to Leicester, St Mary de Pré, with the consent of "Willelmi filii mei et heredis et Gundree uxoris mee", for the souls of "…Gilberti patris mei et Godithe matris mee et Jordani filii mei et Margarete filia Comitisse", by charter dated to [1156/60], witnessed by "Willelmo filio meo et herede, Gundr fil Comitisse…"[309].  Lord of Kendale and Lonsdale in Westmoreland in 1166[310]A charter of King Henry II records that “primus Willielmum de Lancaster, baronem de Kendale, qui prius vocabatur de Tailboys” married “Gundredam comitissam Warwic[311].  

[m firstly ---.  No direct proof has been found of this supposed first marriage.  However, assuming that Hawise, wife of Richard de Moreville, was the daughter of William [I] de Lancaster, she must have been born from an otherwise unrecorded first marriage, given the estimated birth date of William’s known wife Gundred de Warenne.] 

m [secondly] ([Jun 1153/1156]) as her second husband, GUNDRED de Warenne, widow of ROGER de Beaumont Earl of Warwick, daughter of WILLIAM [II] de Warenne Earl of Surrey & his wife Elisabeth de Vermandois [Capet] ([1120 or after]-after 1166).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that ”Walerannus et Robertus...mater eorum” married secondly after the death of her first husband “secundo Willelmo de Warenna comiti Surreiæ” by whom she had “Willelmum tertium et duas filias” of whom “filiarum...primogenitam” married “comes Rogerus de Warwic[312].  Robert of Torigny names "Gondrada sorore uterine Galeranni comitis Mellenti" as wife of "Rogero comite Warwicensi"[313].  An undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire records that “Willielmum de Lancaster” married ”Gundredam prius comitissam de Warwyke[314].  Her second marriage is confirmed by a charter of King Henry II which records that “primus Willielmum de Lancaster, baronem de Kendale, qui prius vocabatur de Tailboys” married “Gundredam comitissam Warwic” and that she was the mother of his son William[315].  Her marriage date is dictated by the death of her first husband, recorded in Jun 1153.  "Willelmus de Lancastre" donated property to Leicester, St Mary de Pré, with the consent of "Willelmi filii mei et hæredis et Gundredæ uxoris meæ", by charter dated to [1153/56][316].  "Willelmus de Lancastre" donated pasture rights in "feodum meum in Lonisdale et in Aumundernesse" to Leicester, St Mary de Pré, with the consent of "Willelmi filii mei et heredis et Gundree uxoris mee", for the souls of "…Gilberti patris mei et Godithe matris mee et Jordani filii mei et Margarete filia Comitisse", by charter dated to [1156/60], witnessed by "Willelmo filio meo et herede, Gundr fil Comitisse…"[317].  Farrer has suggested that the wording of this last document indicates that the wife of William de Lancaster was the daughter of Countess Gundred rather than the countess herself, suggesting that the latter must have been "well advanced in years" at the time of the marriage and implying that she would therefore have been past child-bearing age[318].  It is correct that the wording of the document is curious as it appears inconsistent with both possibilities: if Gundred was "Comitisse", one would expect the first part of the document to read "Gundree Comitisse uxoris mee"; on the other hand, if she was Gundred the daughter, one would expect the subscription to read "Gundr fil Comitisse ux mee".  The two names which are quoted above in the subscription list of the document dated to [1156/60] precede the subscribers who held religious positions.  It would therefore be normal for them to be the same persons who are named in the body of the document, in the same order, giving their consent to the transaction.  However, it is difficult to adopt an interpretation which contradicts the three different sources quoted above (Robert de Torigny, the undated manuscript, and the charter of King Henry II) which identify the countess as William’s wife. 

William [I] & his [first] wife had one child: 

1.         HAWISE de Lancaster (-after [1188/89]).  "Ricardus de Morevill constabularius regis Scottie" donated "totam terram de Blanesleye" to Melrose abbey, with the consent of "Willi de Morevill filii et heredis mei", for the souls of "mee et…uxoris mee Auicie et Willi filii mei", by undated charter[319].  "Will de Morev" confirmed the donation of "totam terram de Bleyneslei" to Melrose abbey, made by "pater meus Ric de Moreuill", for the souls of "mee et…uxoris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "Ric de Morv patre meo, Auice de Loncastre matre…"[320].  There is uncertainty surrounding this "Hawise de Lancaster".  Her marriage to William Peveril is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Avisia de Lancastria, uxor Willielmi Peverel” donated property to Derley Priory by undated charter[321].  Her marriage to Richard de Moreville is confirmed by the 1169/70 Pipe Roll which records "Ric de Moreuill" owing ".cc. m p recto hndo de tra q clamat c filia Willi de Lancastr" in Lancashire[322].  The primary source which confirms that the widow of William Peverel was the same person who remarried Richard de Morville has not yet been identified.  There is also a difficulty concerning Hawise’s parentage.  Domesday Descendants states that the wife of Richard de Morville was the daughter of William de Lancaster (no corresponding primary source cited)[323].  As can be seen from the chronology of William de Lancaster’s known wife Gundred de Warenne, this affiliation would only be possible if Hawise had been born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage.  On the other hand, the onomastics are favourable for this affiliation, as each succeeding generation of the "de Lancaster" family included a Hawise de Lancaster.  A different affiliation is suggested by the Complete Peerage which speculates that the wife of William Peverel was Hawise, daughter of Roger de Montgommery Lord of Lancaster & his wife Almodis Ctss de la Marche[324].  This is not an ideal fit.  Her supposed father Roger was banished from England in 1102 and retired to La Marche, so it is unclear why Hawise would have been described as “de Lancastria” in a charter which must have been dated about 40 years later.  In any case, the chronology is unfavourable.  It is unlikely that the wife of Roger de Montgommery, Almodis de la Marche, was born much later than 1070, given the known chronology of her family, which means that her children would have been born before 1110 at the latest.  On the other hand, it is likely that William Peverel’s second marriage should be dated to the early 1140s at the earliest, as his first wife is named in one of the charters of Stephen King of England (who succeeded in 1135).  Such a marriage date is late if his second wife was born in the early 1100s, and impossible assuming that his widow was the same person who married Richard de Morville and had children by him in the late 1150s.  “Helewis filia Willelmi de Lancastr” confirmed to “Gileberto fratri meo...terras quas pater meus” had given him “Slegil...et Sockebroc et Tyrerhge...et totam terram de Paterickedale” by charter dated to [1189], witnessed by “......Roberto de Pinkenei...Gervas de Aencurt...[325].  "Avicia de Lonc spouse of Richard de Morevilla, with the consent of William her heir and her other heirs" confirmed a donation to Furness St. Mary by charter dated to [1188/89][326]m firstly as his second wife, WILLIAM Peverel of Nottingham, son of WILLIAM Peverel & his wife Adeline ([1100/05]-after 1155).  m secondly RICHARD de Moreville, son of HUGH de Morville & his wife Beatrice de Beauchamp (-1189). 

William [I] & his [first/second] wife had one child: 

2.         JORDAN (-before [1156/60]).  "Willelmus de Lancastre" donated pasture rights in "feodum meum in Lonisdale et in Aumundernesse" to Leicester, St Mary de Pré, with the consent of "Willelmi filii mei et heredis et Gundree uxoris mee", for the souls of "…Gilberti patris mei et Godithe matris mee et Jordani filii mei et Margarete filia Comitisse", by charter dated to [1156/60], witnessed by "Willelmo filio meo et herede, Gundr fil Comitisse…"[327].  There is no indication of Jordan’s age when he died, which means that no data is available to indicate whether he was born from William’s first or second marriage. 

William [I] & his [second] wife had one child: 

3.         WILLIAM [II] de Lancaster ([1154/56]-1184, bur Furness Abbey).  An undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” as son of ”Willielmum de Lancaster[328]"Willelmus de Lancastre" donated property to Leicester, St Mary de Pré, with the consent of "Willelmi filii mei et hæredis et Gundredæ uxoris meæ", by charter dated to [1153/56][329].  "Willelmus de Lancastre" donated pasture rights in "feodum meum in Lonisdale et in Aumundernesse" to Leicester, St Mary de Pré, with the consent of "Willelmi filii mei et heredis et Gundree uxoris mee", for the souls of "…Gilberti patris mei et Godithe matris mee et Jordani filii mei et Margarete filia Comitisse", by charter dated to [1156/60], witnessed by "Willelmo filio meo et herede, Gundr fil Comitisse…"[330]A charter of King Henry II confirmed the donation to Furness by “Willielmum filium Gilberti” and names “Willielmum secundum” as son of “primus Willielmum de Lancaster, baronem de Kendale, qui prius vocabatur de Tailboys” and his wife “Gundredam comitissam Warwic[331].  If this charter is correct in identifying William’s mother, William must have been an infant when he "consented" to the donations of his father in the charters dated to [1153/56] and [1156/60] which are quoted above.  An alternative possibility is that the William who is named in the two charters was an older son, by his father’s presumed first marriage, who died soon afterwards and before the birth of a second son named William born to his father’s second wife.  It should be noted that the chronology of the family of William’s wife, Helwise de Stuteville, is consistent with her husband having been born in [1154/56].  "Willelmus filius Willelmi de Lancastre" confirmed the donations of "villam de Helsingham cum terra de Walton" to St Bees made by "Rogerus filius Gilberti" by undated charter[332].  “Willielmus de Lancastre” donated property to Furness Abbey, for the soul of “Agnetis sponsæ meæ” by charter dated 6 Nov 1240 which records that “avi mei…Willielmi de Lancastre” was buried in the abbey[333]m as her first husband, HELWISE de Stuteville, daughter of ROBERT [III] de Stuteville & his wife Helwise --- (-after [1226/28]).  Domesday Descendants names Helwise as the younger daughter of Robert [III] de Stuteville[334].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  An undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire records that “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” married ”Helewisiam[335].  A charter of King Henry II records that “Willielmum secundum” married “Helewisam de Stuteville” by whom he was father of “Helewisam” who married “Gilberto filio Rogeri filii Reynfredi[336].  She married secondly Hugh de Morville.  "Hug de Morevill et Helew uxor eius" paid a fine relating to "dote ipsi Helewis" in Westmoreland, dated 1200[337].  The co-identity of the widow of William [II] de Lancaster with the wife of Hugh de Morville is confirmed by the following charter: Hugo de Morwile”, with the consent of “sponsæ meæ Helewisæ”, confirmed “totam Fortonam” [referring to the same land granted by the first charter], to [his son] “Henrico de Lancastre” which “pater eius Warinus” had received from “Willelmi de Lancastre awnculi sui”, by undated charter[338]"William Briewere and Helewisa de Stuteville, defendant" reached agreement "regarding the admeasurements of her dower from Hugh de Moreville her late husband" relating to “the manor of Chircoswarde and the manor of Lesingebi...the manor of Hisale”, dated to [1204][339].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Helewisa de Stutevill" holding land[340].  William [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)         HAWISE de Lancaster .  An undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Helewisia” as daughter of “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” and his wife, adding that she married ”Gilbert filium Raynfridi[341].  Henry II King of England granted "filiam Willelmi de Lancastre cum tota hæreditate sua" to "Gilleberto filio Rogeri filii Rainfridi, dapifero nostro" by charter dated to [1184/89][342]A charter of King Henry II names “Helewisam” as daughter of “Willielmum secundum” and his wife “Helewisam de Stuteville”, adding that she married “Gilberto filio Rogeri filii Reynfredi[343].  “Gilbertus filius Reinfredi et Elewisa uxor eius” donated various churches to Wetherhal priory by undated charter[344]m ([1184/89]) GILBERT FitzRoger FitzReinfrid Lord of Kendal, son of ROGER FitzReinfrid & his wife --- (-[1216/20]). 

William [II] had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

b)         GILBERT de Lancaster ([1174/84]-before 1220).  “Willms de Loncastre” donated “medietatem manerii de Socbrige”, which “Huctred filius [Ketelli]” held from “patre meo”, to “Giliberto filio meo” by undated charter, witnessed by “domina Helewisa sponsa mea, Helesio de Stivetona, Willimo de Loncastr, Gervasio de Ainecurta...[345].  Gilbert’s illegitimacy is confirmed because he was not his father’s heir, unless he had been disinherited by his father for some reason as yet unascertained. 

-        see below

c)          JORDAN .  Andrew Lancaster notes that Jordan was named in “many charters with his father” and provides information about his possible descendants who fall outside the scope of Medieval Lands, supported by primary source evidence[346]. 

William [I] had one [possibly illegitimate] child by [an unknown mistress]: 

4.          WARIN de Lancaster (-before [1190/94]).  Warin’s parentage is indicated by reading two charters together.  Firstly, “Willelmus de Lonecastre filius Willelmi de Lonecastre” [William [II] de Lancaster] confirmed land “de Heshkebec...” to “Warino de Lancastre” by undated charter[347].  Farrer dates this charter to before 1170[348].  Secondly, “Hugo de Morwile”, with the consent of “sponsæ meæ Helewisæ”, confirmed “totam Fortonam” [referring to the same land granted by the first charter], to [his son] “Henrico de Lancastre” which “pater eius Warinus” had received from “Willelmi de Lancastre awnculi sui”, by undated charter[349].  William [II] de Lancaster was therefore “avunculus” of Warin’s son Henry.  Warin’s illegitimacy is suggested by William [II] not referring to him as “frater” in the first charter quoted above, and by the chronology (Warin, as younger brother of William [II], would have been young to have received grants under the first charter if that is correctly dated to 1170).  “Warinus de Lancastre” donated “quartam partem...terræ in Lehe” to Cockersand, for the soul of King Henry II, by undated charter[350].  "Johannes Comes Moreton" confirmed "terras…Ravenesmeles, Ainuluesdale, Vplitherland, Liuerpul, et Le Franceis", granted by "Rex Henricus pater meus" to "Warino patri suo", to "Henrico, filio Warini de Lancastre" by charter dated to [1190/94][351]m ---.  The name of Warin’s wife is not known.  Warin & his wife had one child: 

a)         HENRY de Lee [Lancaster] (-before 1240).  "Johannes Comes Moreton" confirmed "terras…Ravenesmeles, Ainuluesdale, Vplitherland, Liuerpul, et Le Franceis", granted by "Rex Henricus pater meus" to "Warino patri suo", to "Henrico, filio Warini de Lancastre" by charter dated to [1190/94][352].  Three generations of his descendants are set out by William Farrer (editor of the Cockersand cartulary), with references to primary source documentation[353].  A discussion of Lea (from which Henry’s surname derived) is included in the Victoria County History of Lancaster[354]

 

 

The precise relationships between the following individuals and the main Lancaster family have not been ascertained, although it is likely that they were other illegitimate children or descendants of such children. 

 

1.         WILLIAM de LancasterDomina Helewisa sponsa mea, Helesio de Stivetona, Willimo de Loncastr, Gervasio de Ainecurta...” witnessed the undated charter under which “Willms de Loncastre” [William [II] de Lancaster] donated “medietatem manerii de Socbrige” to “Giliberto filio meo[355]

 

2.         WALTER de Lancaster (-after 1277).  William de Lancastre [William [III], see below] granted the service of “Walter de Lancastre...one tenth part of one knight’s fee” to “Roger de Lancastre” on his deathbed [19/21] Nov 1246[356].  Andrew Lancaster provides further details of Walter’s life, and information about more than seven generations of his descendants who fall outside the scope of Medieval Lands, supported by primary source evidence[357]

 

 

GILBERT [I] de Lancaster, illegitimate son of WILLIAM [II] de Lancaster & his mistress --- ([1174/84]-before 1220).  “Willms de Loncastre” donated “medietatem manerii de Socbrige”, which “Huctred filius [Ketelli]” held from “patre meo”, to “Giliberto filio meo” by undated charter, witnessed by “domina Helewisa sponsa mea, Helesio de Stivetona, Willimo de Loncastr, Gervasio de Ainecurta...[358].  Gilbert’s illegitimacy is confirmed because he was not his father’s heir, unless he had been disinherited by his father for some reason as yet unascertained.  “Helewis filia Willelmi de Lancastr” confirmed to “Gileberto fratri meo...terras quas pater meus” had given him “Slegil...et Sockebroc et Tyrerhge...et totam terram de Paterickedale” by charter dated to [1189], witnessed by “...Roberto de Pinkenei...Gervas de Aencurt...[359].  “Gilbertus filius Rogeri filii Raifrai” confirmed “totam meam partem d’Aitlerdale et totam laudum d’Iaukesite” to “Gilberto de Lancastre” by charter dated to [1189/96], witnessed by “...Lamberto de Bussai...[360]Gilberto de Lancastre, Lamberto de Bussei, Gilberto de Lancastre juniore...” witnessed the charter dated to [1189/1201] under which “Gilbertus filius Reinfridi” confirmed “terram de Staveley” to “Willelmo de Godmund[361]

m SAPIENCE, daughter of ---.  “Sapience condam uxor Gilberto de Loncastre” leased “tertio meo in Staynerhead” to “domino Gilberto de Loncastr” by charter dated to [before 1220][362]

Gilbert & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         [GILBERT [II] de Lancaster .  “Gilberto de Lancastre, Lamberto de Bussei, Gilberto de Lancastre juniore...” witnessed the charter dated to [1189/1201] under which “Gilbertus filius Reinfridi” confirmed “terram de Staveley” to “Willelmo de Godmund[363].  No family relationship between the older and younger witnesses named Gilbert de Lancaster is specified.  There appear to be two possibilities.  Firstly, they could have been father and son, although the chronology is not ideal: given the birth date range of Gilbert [I] shown above, “Gilberto de Lancastre juniore” could only have been Gilbert [I]’s son if his father had been born in the earliest years of the range, and even in that case, as a young child, there seems no reason for him to have witnessed the document with his father.  Secondly, “Gilberto de Lancastre juniore” could have been the son of the confirmant: the chronology is a better fit given the confirmant’s marriage in [1184/89], and it is reasonable that the confirmant’s oldest son would have been asked to witness his father’s document.  If this second possibility is correct, the younger Gilbert must have predeceased his father as no record has been found of him elsewhere.] 

2.         --- de Lancaster (-after 22 Jan 1216).  "Gilebertus fil Reinfr" made a fine for the release of "Willelmus de Lancastr filius suus et Rad de Aencurt et Lambertus de Busay milites sui…qui capti sunt in castro Roffens", naming "…filius Gilebti de Lancastre" among the hostages proposed, dated 22 Jan 1216[364].  As hostages were generally children or unmarried young adults, it appears chronologically possible for this son to have been the same person as Gilbert [II] de Lancaster, named above as the possible son of Gilbert [I]. 

3.         [GILBERT [III] de Lancaster (-before 1277).  He is named as father of Roger in the Inquisitions at Lancaster dated "Monday after St Wilfred, 7 Edw I", after the death of "Peter de Brus", quoted below.  No document has been identified which confirms his parentage.  His son’s inheritance of Sockbridge indicates a link with Gilbert [I], to whom the property was originally granted (see above).  It appears chronologically possible for Gilbert [III] to have been the same person as the unnamed son of Gilbert [I] referred to above.   It is assumed that the following two documents refer to Gilbert [III].  William de Lancastre [William [III], see below] granted the service of “Gilbert de Lancastre...one tenth part of one knight’s fee” to “Roger de Lancastre” on his deathbed [19/21] Nov 1246[365]An agreement dated 1256 settled a dispute between “Rogerum de Lancastre” [see the next family group] and “Gilbertum de Lancastre” concerning “manerio de Herteshop[366].  Ragg says that “Gilbert [III] had died before 1277 leaving Roger under age, as appears from an entry in Assize Roll 980, where he claimed a service...against William de Midelton[367]m CHRISTIANA, daughter of --- (-after 1304).  Ragg says that “Gilbert [III] had died before 1277 leaving Roger under age, as appears from an entry in Assize Roll 980, where he claimed a service...against William de Midelton” and notes that Roger pleaded “that his mother Christiana had” specified property as dower[368].  A charter dated 1279 records the settlement of a dispute between “dominum Rogerum de Langcastre militem” and “Cristianam que fuit uxor Gilberti de Langcastre” concerning “rights of common” by charter dated to [before 1220][369].  Ragg says that Christiana, widow of Gilbert, was named in 1304 “having essoin” in a suit she was prosecuting to avoid being fined[370]Gilbert [III] & his wife had one child:  

a)         ROGER de Lancaster (-before 1291).  Ragg says that “Gilbert [III] had died before 1277 leaving Roger under age, as appears from an entry in Assize Roll 980, where he claimed a service...against William de Midelton[371].  A charter dated 1279 records the settlement of a dispute between “dominum Rogerum de Langcastre militem” and “Cristianam que fuit uxor Gilberti de Langcastre” concerning “rights of common” by charter dated to [before 1220][372]Inquisitions at Lancaster dated "Monday after St Wilfred, 7 Edw I", after the death of "Peter de Brus", record "Sochebred and Slegelle" in Westmoreland held by “Roger son of Osbert de Lancastre by service of ¼ knight[373].  Ragg corrects “Osbert” to “Gilbert[374]m ISABELLA, daughter of --- (-after 1291).  Ragg says that Isabella, widow of Roger de Lancaster, paid for custody of her son Gilbert and of certain lands in “Sokebred and Barton” in 1291[375]Roger & his wife had [one child]: 

i)          GILBERT [IV] de Lancaster (-after 1310).  Ragg says that Isabella, widow of Roger de Lancaster, paid for custody of her son Gilbert and of certain lands in “Sokebred and Barton” in 1291[376].  Inquisitions following a writ dated "12 Mar, 3 Edw II", after the death of "William de Ros of Kendale", record "Sockebred, Shererg, Slegill, Stirkeland Roger, and Banandesdale" in Westmoreland held by “Gilbert de Lancastre by service of 1/3 knight’s fee[377]Ragg says that “Gilbert de Lancaster son of Roger of Sokebred” granted land to “Adam son of Robert Fruntell of Sokebred...” by charter dated to [1310][378]Ragg provides details of Gilbert [IV]’s descendants, citing primary source information, who fall beyond the scope of Medieval Lands[379]

 

 

1.         ROGER FitzReinfrid .  A charter of King Edward II confirmed donations to “ecclesiæ beati Thomæ martiris de Westwuda in Liesenes” including the donation of “ecclesiam de Ramesdena” made by “Rogeri filii Reinfrei[380]m ---.  The name of Roger’s wife is not known.  Roger & his wife had one child: 

a)         GILBERT FitzRoger FitzReinfrid (-[1216/20]).  Henry II King of England granted "filiam Willelmi de Lancastre cum tota hæreditate sua" to "Gilleberto filio Rogeri filii Rainfridi, dapifero nostro" by charter dated to [1184/89][381]Lord of Kendal.  “Gilbertus filius Rogeri filii Raifrai” confirmed “totam meam partem d’Aitlerdale et totam laudum d’Iaukesite” to “Gilberto de Lancastre” by charter dated to [1189/96], witnessed by “...Lamberto de Bussai...[382].  Richard I King of England exempted "Gileberto filio Rogeri filii Reinfredi" from neatgeld or cornage in "totam terram suam de Westmeriland et de Kendale" by charter dated 15 Apr 1190[383]King John confirmed "tota terra sua de Westmoriland et de Kendal" to "G. fil Rog filii Reinfr" by charter dated 25 Apr 1200[384].  “Gilbertus filius Reinfredi et Elewisa uxor eius” donated various churches to Wetherhal priory by undated charter[385].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Gilbertus filius Reinfridi" holding "feudum unius militis" in Lancashire, adding that "Willelmus de Lanc" had granted "in maritagium v caricatas terre in duobus Eccliston et in Lairbrec"[386].  "Gilebertus fil Reinfr" made a fine for the release of "Willelmus de Lancastr filius suus et Rad de Aencurt et Lambertus de Busay milites sui…qui capti sunt in castro Roffens", naming "…filius primogenitus Rogeri de Kirkeby que habit de filia eiusdem Gilberti fil Reinfr, filium et heredum Willelmi de Windlesor que habit de nepte eiusdem Gilebert…" among the hostages which were given, dated 1216[387]m ([1184/89]) HAWISE de Lancaster, daughter of WILLIAM [II] de Lancaster & his wife Helwise de Stuteville.  An undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Helewisia” as daughter of “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” and his wife, adding that she married ”Gilbert filium Raynfridi[388].  Henry II King of England granted "filiam Willelmi de Lancastre cum tota hæreditate sua" to "Gilleberto filio Rogeri filii Rainfridi, dapifero nostro" by charter dated to [1184/89][389]A charter of King Henry II names “Helewisam” as daughter of “Willielmum secundum” and his wife “Helewisam de Stuteville”, adding that she married “Gilberto filio Rogeri filii Reynfredi[390].  “Gilbertus filius Reinfredi et Elewisa uxor eius” donated various churches to Wetherhal priory by undated charter[391].  Gilbert & his wife had [six] children: 

i)          [GILBERT de Lancaster (-after [1189/1201]).  “Gilberto de Lancastre, Lamberto de Bussei, Gilberto de Lancastre juniore...” witnessed the charter dated to [1189/1201] under which “Gilbertus filius Reinfridi” confirmed “terram de Staveley” to “Willelmo de Godmund[392].  No family relationship between the older and younger witnesses named Gilbert de Lancaster is specified.  There appear to be two possibilities.  Firstly, they could have been father and son, although the chronology is not ideal: given the birth date range of Gilbert [I] shown above, “Gilberto de Lancastre juniore” could only have been his son if his father had been born in the earliest years of the range, and even in that case, as a young child, there seems no reason for him to have witnessed the document with his father.  Secondly, “Gilberto de Lancastre juniore” could have been the son of the confirmant: the chronology is a better fit given the confirmant’s marriage in [1184/89], and it is reasonable that the confirmant’s oldest son would have been asked to witness his father’s document.  If this second possibility is correct, the younger Gilbert must have predeceased his father as no record has been found of him elsewhere.] 

ii)         WILLIAM [III] de Lancaster (-29 Nov 1246).  An undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Willielmus de Lancaster tertius” as son of “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” and his wife, adding that he died childless[393].  "Gilebertus fil Reinfr" made a fine for the release of "Willelmus de Lancastr filius suus et Rad de Aencurt et Lambertus de Busay milites sui…qui capti sunt in castro Roffens", naming "…filius primogenitus Rogeri de Kirkeby que habit de filia eiusdem Gilberti fil Reinfr, filium et heredum Willelmi de Windlesor que habit de nepte eiusdem Gilebert…" among the hostages which were given, dated 1216[394].  Henry III King of England granted custody of "Thedbaldo filio Thedbaldi Walteri Matildem sororem ipsius…", previously granted by King John to "Gileberto filio Reinfridi patris tuo", to "Willelmo de Lancastria" dated [Jun] 1220[395].  "William of Lancaster" performed homage for "his relief for the lands…formerly of Gilbert son of Reinfrid his father", dated 16 Jun 1220[396].  “Willelmus de Loncastre” confirmed “terram...de Martyndale...” to “Rogero de Loncastre fratri meo” by charter dated to [1220/47], witnessed by “Agnete sponsa mea...[397].  “Willielmus de Lancastre” donated property to Furness Abbey, for the soul of “Agnetis sponsæ meæ” by charter dated 6 Nov 1240 which records that “avi mei…Willielmi de Lancastre” was buried in the abbey, witnessed by “…domino Rogero fratre meo…Gilberto de Lancastre constabulario de Kirkeby…[398]William [III] de Lancaster made numerous grants of land to various different beneficiaries on his deathbed [19/21] Nov 1246[399].  A writ dated 25 Dec "31 Hen III" [1246], after the death of "William de Lancastr" names "Peter de Brus of full age and Walter son of William de Lyndeseys aged 16 are his heirs", adding that he died "on Wednesday the vigil of St Andrew"[400]m AGNES de Brus, daughter of ---.  A manuscript narrating the family of “Willielmi de Lancastra” records that “Willielmus de Lancastra tertius” married “Agnetem de Brus[401].  The primary source which confirms her precise relationship with the Brus family has not been identified.  “Willelmus de Loncastre” confirmed “terram...de Martyndale...” to “Rogero de Loncastre fratri meo” by charter dated to [1220/47], witnessed by “Agnete sponsa mea...[402]

iii)        daughter .  "Gilebertus fil Reinfr" made a fine for the release of "Willelmus de Lancastr filius suus et Rad de Aencurt et Lambertus de Busay milites sui…qui capti sunt in castro Roffens", naming "…filius primogenitus Rogeri de Kirkeby que habuit de filia eiusdem Gilberti fil Reinfr, filium et heredum Willelmi de Windlesor que habuit de nepte eiusdem Gilebert…" among the hostages proposed, dated 22 Jan 1216[403]m ROGER de Kirkby, son of --- (-after 1216). 

iv)       HAWISE de Lancaster .  A manuscript describing the descendants of “Ivo Tayleboyse” names “Helewisiam primogenitam…maritata Petro de Brus seniori, Alicia…maritata Willo de Lindesay et Serotam…maritata Alano de Multono” as the three sisters of "Willielmum de Lancastre…tertius et ultimus"[404].  A manuscript narrating the family of “Willielmi de Lancastra” records that “Petrus le Brus senior” married “Helewisam” sister of “Willielmus de Lancastra tertius[405].  According to an undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire, the wife of “Petrum de Brus seniorem” was Hawise, daughter of “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” as her second husband[406]m PETER [III] de Brus Lord of Skelton, son of PETER [II] de Brus Lord of Skelton & his wife Joan --- (-Marseille 13 Sep 1241, bur Gisburne Priory). 

v)        ALICE de Lancaster (-before 1247).  A manuscript describing the descendants of “Ivo Tayleboyse” names “Helewisiam primogenitam…maritata Petro de Brus seniori, Alicia…maritata Willo de Lindesay et Serotam…maritata Alano de Multono” as the three sisters of "Willielmum de Lancastre…tertius et ultimus"[407].  However, her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a writ dated Thursday after Epiphany "56 Hen III", after the death of her son "Walter de Lyndesay", which records "a moiety of the lands which were of William de Lonecastre his uncle, one of whose heirs he was, excepting the dower of Agnes sometime the wife of the said William"[408]m ([1220]) WILLIAM de Lindsay, son of WALTER de Lindsay & his wife --- (-1247). 

vi)       SEROTA de Lancaster .  A manuscript describing the descendants of “Ivo Tayleboyse” names “Helewisiam primogenitam…maritata Petro de Brus seniori, Alicia…maritata Willo de Lindesay et Serotam…maritata Alano de Multono” as the three sisters of "Willielmum de Lancastre…tertius et ultimus"[409]m ALAN de Multon, son of ---. 

Gilbert had one [presumably] illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

vii)       ROGER [I] de Lancaster ([1200/05] or before-[after 29 Nov 1247, maybe after 1256]).  The editor of Records relating to the Barony of Kendal says that “Gilbert FitzReinfrid probably enfeoffed his natural son, Roger de Lancaster, of Witherslack shortly before 1220”, noting that the same land is later recorded in the hands of [his supposed grandson] John[410].  He does not cite the corresponding primary source, but if the statement is correct Roger must have been at least a young adult at the time and was therefore presumably born [1200/05] or before.  A charter dated to [1357] confirmed an agreement dated to [1225/26] between “dominum Willelmum de Lancastre” and “dominum Thomam filium Willelmi” [Greystoke] concerning fisheries “in essaveria de Ulleswatr”, and another agreement between “dominus Willus de Lancastre et Radulphus de Ayncurt et Rogerus de Lancastre et dominus Thomas filius Willelmi” concerning “stangno de Stayneton”, and also notes that “Ketell filius Aldred” donated “2 bovatas terre et molendinum de Barton” to the hospital of St. Nicholas and that “Wills filius Gilberti” confirmed the donation made by “predictus Ketel avunculus eius[411].  It should be noted that the date [1225/26] only refers to the first agreement dealt with in this charter and that Roger [I] is only named in the second (undated) agreement, so this charter provides no extra help in estimating Roger’s birth date.  “Willelmus de Loncastre” confirmed “terram...de Martyndale...” to “Rogero de Loncastre fratri meo” by charter dated to [1220/47], witnessed by “Agnete sponsa mea...[412].  William de Lancaster [William [III], see above] granted land in Patterdale and “the whole forest of Westmoreland, except Fensdale and [Swartfell], and the head of Martindale, which the said Roger held before of ancient feoffment”, the service of “Gilbert de Lancastre” and “Walter de Lancastre” (in each case “one tenth part of one knight’s fee”) to “Roger de Lancastre” on his deathbed [19/21] Nov 1246[413].  Although there is no indication in this document whether it relates to Roger [I] or Roger [II], the marriage date of the latter suggests that he may have been too young to have been granted property in 1246.  It is therefore likely that Roger [I] survived his brother William [III] de Lancaster, providing another indication that Roger must have been illegitimate as he was not his brother’s heir.  [An agreement dated 1256 settled a dispute between “Rogerum de Lancastre” and “Gilbertum de Lancastre” [probably Gilbert [III], see above] concerning “manerio de Herteshop[414].  If Roger [I] and Roger [II] existed as two individuals, as discussed below, the person to whom this document refers is unclear.]  Hugh Abbot of Furness, by inspeximus dated Jun 1282, confirmed that “Walterus de Faukunberghe et Agnes uxor eius, Marmeducus de Thweng et Lucia uxor eius”, as heirs of “quondam Dni Petri de Brus”, had enfeoffed “Rogerum de Lancaster” with “Ulverstona in F[urnes]” in the presence of “præd. Rogerus”, the inspeximus being witnessed by six individuals, the document being headed in the compilation (probably not contemporary because of the reference to “Willelmi de Lancaster” as “iii”) “supradicti Walterus et Marmeducus, Agnes et Lucia...dederunt Rogero de Lancaster, bastardo fratri Willelmi de Lancaster iii avunculi prædictarum Agnetis et Luciæ[415].  The date of the original grant recorded in this inspeximus depends on the identification of “quondam Dni Petri de Brus”, who could have been the father of Agnes and Lucy (died 1241) or their brother (died 1272).  The absence of the other two sisters (Margaret and Katherine), who were also co-heiresses of their brother, suggests that their father was intended.  In addition, it seems less likely that an inspeximus would have been necessary if the original grant had been made less than ten years before.  If that is correct, Agnes and Lucy may have received the property in question jointly as dowry for their marriages and later decided to sell it to a relative to raise funds.  m ---.  The name of Roger’s wife is not known.  Roger [I] & his wife had [one child]: 

(a)        [ROGER [II] de Lancaster ([1225/35]-[Jun/Aug] 1292).  The chronology of Roger [II]’s life suggests that he could not have been the same person as Roger [I], assuming that the grant of Witherslack made to Roger [I] is correctly reported as shown above.  The question of the possible existence of Roger [I] and Roger [II] as separate persons is discussed below.  If Roger [II] was the son of Roger [I], no primary source has been found which confirms this family relationship.  However, records quoted below indicate that Roger [II] and his son held property which had previously been granted to Roger [I].]  

-       see below

 

 

The question of the possible separate existence of Roger [I] and Roger [II] requires discussion.  Several points are relevant:

(1) As noted above, if the report about the grant of Witherslack is correct, it is unlikely that the grantee (in [1216/20]) could have been the same person as Roger who died in 1292, suggesting that the two must have been different persons (father and son, as indicated by the continued property holdings within the family).  If, on the other hand, the report is inaccurate and Witherslack was in fact granted to Roger by his brother William [III], there would be no indication of the date of the grant other than the date William died (1246), in which case Roger could have been born at the end of his father’s life in, say, [1215/19].  Roger would then have been in his early 70s when he died in 1292, which is perfectly feasible.  Unfortunately, there is at present no way of checking the accuracy of the report as no primary source is cited and no other reference to the grant has been found. 

(2) The inspeximus dated Jun 1282 quoted above must be considered.  The original grant recorded in the inspeximus was made to Roger, son of Gilbert, assuming that the non-contemporary heading of the document in the compilation is accurate.  The identification of Peter de Brus, named in the grant as predecessor of the grantees in the property granted, as Peter who died in 1272 would increase the probability that the grantee survived until 1292.  However, as noted above, there are indications that the Peter in question may have been the grantees’ father which, if correct, would leave open the question of two individuals named Roger de Lancaster. 

(3) If only one Roger existed, born in [1215/19], he would have married (for the first time?) in his late 30s/early 40s a wife who was 20 years younger than himself.  While not unknown, such a late first marriage might be considered unusual for a 13th century English noble. 

(4) Roger’s high profile marriage with a member of the noble Bolebec family may have been more acceptable to the bride’s family if the bridegroom was the legitimate son of an illegitimate father than if he had been illegitimate himself. 

In conclusion, the question is not without doubt but the balance appears to favour the existence of Roger [I] and Roger [II], as follows, a solution which requires no stretching of chronology. 

 

ROGER [II] de Lancaster, son of [ROGER [I] de Lancaster & his wife ---] (-[Jun/Aug] 1292).  The chronology of Roger [II]’s life suggests that he could not have been the same person as Roger [I].  No primary source has been found which confirms that he was the son of Roger [I].  However, records quoted below indicate that he and his son held property which had been granted to Roger [I].   [An agreement dated 1256 settled a dispute between “Rogerum de Lancastre” and “Gilbertum de Lancastre” [probably Gilbert [III], see above] concerning “manerio de Herteshop[416].  If Roger [I] and Roger [II] existed as two individuals, as discussed above, the person to whom this document refers is unclear.]  A charter dated 1266 records the settlement of a dispute between “Rogerum de Lancastre” and “Henricum de Tyrwhr” concerning “boschis et pasturis in Baynwiodal[417].  It is assumed that this document relates to Roger [II].  Inquisitions dated [Aug] "19 Edw I", after the death of "Roger [de Lancaster]", names “Philippa his wife” and as heir "John de Lancaster his son aged 25", as well as several properties including “Martindale” and “Werrslak [Witherslack]” [both granted earlier to Roger [I], see above][418]

m PHILIPPA de Bolebec, daughter of HUGH de Bolebec & his wife Tiphaine --- ([1238/39]-[1292/Aug 1293]]).  An undated charter relating to Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland records that Cecilia de Vescy married “Hugoni de Bolbek seniori, qui genuit Walterum de Bolbek, qui Hugonem juniorem, qui Feliciam matrem domini Johannis de Lancastria[419].  A writ dated 23 Oct "46 Hen III", after the death of "Hugh de Bolebek alias de Bolebech" records "his daughters, Philippa aged 23 and more married to Roger de Launcastre…are his heirs"[420].  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother", names as heirs "Richard de Munfichet…his three sisters, the first sister Margery married Hugh de Bulebec, and from them issued Hugh de Bulebec who had four daughters, Philippa married to Roger de Lancastre, Margery married to Nicholas Corbet, Alice married to Walter de Huntercumbe, and Maud married to Hugh de la Valle…"[421].  A writ dated 1 Sep "22 Edw I", after the death of "Philippa late the wife of Roger de Lancaster", names as heir "John de Lancaster her son aged 24 or more...30"[422]

Roger [II] & his wife had children: 

1.         JOHN de Lancaster ([1262/63]-1334).  Inquisitions dated [Aug] "19 Edw I", after the death of "Roger [de Lancaster]", names “Philippa his wife” and as heir "John de Lancaster his son aged 25"[423].  A writ dated 1 Sep "22 Edw I", after the death of "Philippa late the wife of Roger de Lancaster", names as heir "John de Lancaster her son aged 24 or more...30"[424].  Wrottesley shows John as son of Roger de Lancaster and his wife from a plea relating to the church of Barneton, Cambridgeshire[425]Ragg provides details of other family members related to John, citing primary source information, who fall beyond the scope of Medieval Lands[426]m ANNORA, daughter of --- (-1338).  Wrottesley shows Annora as the wife of John de Lancaster from a plea relating to the church of Barneton, Cambridgeshire[427]

2.         other children/possible children.  Andrew Lancaster provides details of other children (and possible children) of Roger [II] and their descendants who fall outside the scope of Medieval Lands, supported by primary source evidence[428]

 

 

 

LANGETOT

 

 

1.         RALPH [I] de Langetot (-after [1087/1100]).  Domesday Book records “Ralph de Lanquetot holds of Walter Giffard” holding land in Dunton and Campton in Biggleswade Hundred, Bedfordshire[429].  "Eudone dapifero, per Radulfum de Languetot, apud Legam" witnessed a charter dated to [1087/1100] under which William II King of England confirmed the lands of Abingdon abbey[430]m ---.  The name of Ralph’s wife is not known.  Ralph & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         [RALPH [II] de Langetot (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Iuliana filia Ric Wint" rendering account for land in Buckinghamshire, and “Rad de Langetot” acquitted her of 40 silver marks towards the king for “terra quam pater suus tenet de feodo suo” until she could pay, and “Rad de Langetot” owing for regaining “terra sua quam Ric Wint et Juliana filia sua” held[431].]  m ---.  The name of Ralph’s wife is not known.  Ralph & his wife had [one child]: 

i)          [EMMA de Langetot ([1124/25]-after 1185).  Domesday Descendants says that the “principal heir [of Ralph [II] de Langetot] seems to have been Emma de Langetot, probably his daughter” adding that “she was the niece of Matilda sister of ‘Ranulf’ de Langetot - an error for Ralph - according to a Thetford charter of her daughter Muriel[432].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Emme de Langetot” with land “Esintone et Singelberge in dote...de feodo Roesie de Auberville” in Buckinghamshire and in another passage that “--- Langetot...lx annorum” held “in hundredo de Holt feodum i militis et iii partes feodi i militis...in Binetre...in hundredo de Eineford...ii milites fefatos et ii partes i militis” in Norfolk[433].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records that [her daughters] “uxor Alani de Dunstanville…xxx annorum et uxor Alardi filii Willelmi…xxiv annorum” were the heirs of “Emme de Langetot…lx annorum…de genere illarum de Chedney et Joscelini Crispini” in Buckinghamshire[434].  Emma’s relationship with Joscelin Crispin has not been traced.  “Chedney” presumably indicates the Chesney family of Oxfordshire, who was descended from Emma’s supposed paternal aunt (see below).]  m ---.  The name of Emma’s husband is not known.  Two children: 

(1)       MURIEL ([1154/55]-after 10 Oct 1200).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records that “uxor Alani de Dunstanville…xxx annorum et uxor Alardi filii Willelmi…xxiv annorum” were the heirs of “Emme de Langetot…lx annorum…de genere illarum de Chedney et Joscelini Crispini” in Buckinghamshire[435].  An order of King John dated 10 Oct 1200 relates to "heredem Alani de Dunstanvill qui est in custodia matris sue uxoris quondam predicti Alani", addressed to "Willelmo de Cantilupo"[436]Domesday Descendants says that the “principal heir [of Ralph [II] de Langetot] seems to have been Emma de Langetot, probably his daughter” adding that “she was the niece of Matilda sister of ‘Ranulf’ de Langetot - an error for Ralph - according to a Thetford charter of her daughter Muriel[437].  The primary source which confirms her name has not been identified.  m ALAN de Dunstanville, son of [ALAN de Dunstanville & his wife ---] (-before 10 Oct 1200). 

(2)       CECILIA ([1161/62]-).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records that “uxor Alani de Dunstanville…xxx annorum et uxor Alardi filii Willelmi…xxiv annorum” were the heirs of “Emme de Langetot…lx annorum…de genere illarum de Chedney et Joscelini Crispini” in Buckinghamshire[438]Domesday Descendants names her Cecilia but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified[439]m ALARD FitzWilliam, son of WILLIAM & his wife ---. 

b)         [MATILDA de Langetot .  Domesday People records that “Matilda wife of Ranulf fitz Walter” was the daughter of Ralph de Langetot, adding that she “occurs as sister of Ranulf de Langetoth in a confirmation charter for Thetford by Walter Giffard[440].  “Willielmus Bigot, dapifer regis Anglorum” donated property to Thetford Priory, and confirmed the donation of “ecclesiam sancti Egidii de Wadetona” made by “Ranulfus filius Walteri concedente uxore sua Matilda”, by undated charter dated to the reign of King Henry I[441].  An undated charter of King Henry II confirmed the possessions of Thetford, including the donation of “Glamham et Stretford” made by “Randulfi filii Walteri et Matildis uxoris suæ[442].]  m RANULF FitzWalter, son of WALTER & his wife ---.  Domesday Book records “Ranulf fitzWalter” holding land in Yaxham in Midford Hundred, Norfolk[443].  Henry I King of England confirmed the property of Thetford, including the donation made by “Ranulfus filius Walteri concedente filio suo Gisleberto cum uxore sua" by charter dated to [1121] [marked “spurious?” in the compilation][444].  Ranulf & his wife had one child: 

i)          GILBERT FitzRanulf (-after [1121]).  Henry I King of England confirmed the property of Thetford, including the donation made by “Ranulfus filius Walteri concedente filio suo Gisleberto cum uxore sua" by charter dated to [1121] [marked “spurious?” in the compilation][445]

c)         [ALICE de Langetot (-13 Jan, after Dec 1148)Her parentage is indicated by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which lists [her granddaughter] “Matillis de Kaineto” with “terra sua in Kameltone...vii libris annuatim[446], presumably the same as Campton in Bedfordshire which was held by her supposed father in Domesday Book (see above).  "Walterium de Chaisneto" confirmed the donation of "molendinum de Dailointona" to Eynsham abbey made by "Rogerus de Cheisneto", with the consent of “Eua uxor mea”, by charter dated to [1141/48][447].  "Aliz de Langetot" donated land "in Sumertona" to Eynsham abbey, for the souls of "mea et filiorum et filiarum mearum Hugonis...Willelmi et Roberti, Haewise et Beatricie et Isabel” and for “domini mei Rogeri de Chaisnei et filiorum meorum Radulfi et Rogerii et filiarum”, with the consent of “Willelmus de Chesnei et Hugo et Robertus”, by charter dated to [1142/48][448].  The obituary of Lincoln Cathedral records the death “Id Jan” of “Adeliza mater episcopi Roberti[449].]  m ROGER [I] de Chesney, son of --- (-after 25 Dec 1109). 

 

 

1.         MILO [I] de Langetot (-after 1131).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Miloni de Langetot" in Sussex[450].  Henry I King of England confirmed the property of Saint-Georges de Boseherville, including revenue from “terra Milonis de Languetot de quodam hostagio suo de Ulterinus Portibus", by charter dated 1131[451]same person as...?  MILO de Langetot .  William de Chesney recorded that he obtained Marston St Lawrence, Northamptonshire from "domino et fratre meo Roberto de Caisneto Lincolniensi episcopo" by two undated charters, one issued at Lincoln witnessed by “Ralf de Chesney and William his brother my nephews, Alexander de Chesney and Ralf his brother my cognati”, the other at Verneuil witnessed by “Marg de Luci uxore mea, Rad. de Caisneto et Willelmo fratre suo nepotibus meis, Milone de Langetot et Milone filio suo...[452].  The names of some of the witnesses suggest that this charter should be dated towards the end of the donor’s life, maybe in the 1160s.  If that is correct, it is late for Milo de Langetot to have been the son of Ralph [I] de Langetot who is named above.  Maybe he was the son of Ralph [II], although if that is correct he must have died soon after his father without surviving issue as Ralph [II]’s supposed daughter Emma was probably his heir.  m ---.  The name of Milo’s wife is not known.  Milo & his wife had one child: 

a)         MILO [II] de Langetot .  William de Chesney recorded that he obtained Marston St Lawrence, Northamptonshire from "domino et fratre meo Roberto de Caisneto Lincolniensi episcopo" by two undated charters, one issued at Lincoln witnessed by “Ralf de Chesney and William his brother my nephews, Alexander de Chesney and Ralf his brother my cognati”, the other at Verneuil witnessed by “Marg de Luci uxore mea, Rad. de Caisneto et Willelmo fratre suo nepotibus meis, Milone de Langetot et Milone filio suo...[453]

 

 

 

 

LANVALAY

 

 

Successful reconstruction of the following family is complicated by the duplication of the names William, Ranulf and Geoffrey, and the indication in the records, at least in the case of William and Geoffrey, of more than one individual with the same name at the same time.  The following is an attempt to reconcile the information available, but does not necessarily represent the final answer. 

 

 

[Four possible brothers]: 

1.         WILLIAM [I] de Lanvalay (-before 1185)"Manasse Biset dapifero, Henrico de Oilleo, W[illelmo] de Lanvaleio..." witnessed the charter dated [Jan 1158] under which King Henry II confirmed the donation to the nuns of Neasham, Durham made by "Emma de Teisa"[454]Willelmus de Lanvalei” confirmed the donation of “decimis...in terris...quas Eudo dapifer eis dedit vel alii antecessores mei...Hamo de Sancto Claro et Willelmus frater eius...terram in Berle que dicitur Adgareslau et Grenestede et ecclesiam de Hamertune” made to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “Willelmus clericus nepos domini Willelmi de Lanvalei, Radulfus de Lanvalui...[455].  “Willelmus de Lamualei” donated “terram quam tenuit Ædgarus Treissolz extra muros Colecestrie et in Balkerne gardinum” to Colchester St. John, with the consent of “uxoris mee Gunnore et heredis mei Willelmi”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Robertus de Valuines, Radulfus de Lamualei, Oliuer de Lamualei, Radulfus filius Pain, Willelmus de Lamualei clericus...[456].  “Willelmus de Lamualei” granted “Hamertonam post decessum domine Clementie” to “Radulfo de Lamualei filio meo juniori”, to hold “de Guillelmo de Lamualei filio meo”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfo de Lamualei, Olivero...Guillelmo clerico...[457].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records that “Clementia de Sancto Claro” held "Haiam" from “Willelmo de Lanvalei[458].  An undated charter of King Richard I confirmed possessions of Colchester St John, including the donation of “ecclesiam de Hamertona” made by “Willelmus de Lanualay[459]m GUNNORA de Saint-Clair, daughter of HUBERT de Saint-Clair & his wife Clementia --- ([1140/50]-before 1185).  Domesday Descendants names "Gunnora daughter and heiress of Hubert de St Clair" as the wife of William de Lanvallay, but does not cite a specific source reference for this information[460].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Her birth date is estimated on the assumption that the age of her mother is accurately stated in the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185.  “Willelmus de Lamualei” donated “terram quam tenuit Ædgarus Treissolz extra muros Colecestrie et in Balkerne gardinum” to Colchester St. John, with the consent of “uxoris mee Gunnore et heredis mei Willelmi”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Robertus de Valuines, Radulfus de Lamualei, Oliuer de Lamualei, Radulfus filius Pain, Willelmus de Lamualei clericus...[461].  William [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         WILLIAM [II] de Lanvalay of Walkern, Northamptonshire ([1168/73]-[20 Jun 1207/1209])Willelmus de Lamualei” donated “terram quam tenuit Ædgarus Treissolz extra muros Colecestrie et in Balkerne gardinum” to Colchester St. John, with the consent of “uxoris mee Gunnore et heredis mei Willelmi”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Robertus de Valuines, Radulfus de Lamualei, Oliuer de Lamualei, Radulfus filius Pain, Willelmus de Lamualei clericus...[462].  “Willelmus de Lamualei” granted “Hamertonam post decessum domine Clementie” to “Radulfo de Lamualei filio meo juniori”, to hold “de Guillelmo de Lamualei filio meo”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfo de Lamualei, Olivero...Guillelmo clerico...[463].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Willelmus de Lanvalle...in custodia domini Regis” and holds all his land, of unknown value, in "Hundredum de Lexedene" in Essex and “in Hallingeburia” in Essex[464].  “Willelmus de Lamualei filius Willelmi de Lamualei” confirmed “decimis...in terris...quas Eudo dapifer eis dedit vel alii antecessores mei scilicet Hamo de Sancto Claro et Willelmus frater eius videlicet terram de Berleia que dicitur Edgareslawe et Grenestede et Belkerne et ecclesiam de Hamertune” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfo de Lamualei...Guillelmo clerico...[465].  “Willelmus de Lamualei filius Willelmi de Lamualei miles” donated “terram...ad Galweidone in Lexedene...pro dimidia virgata terre quam Clementia avia mea...pro anima matris mee Gunnore de maritagio suo in Westone donaverat” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “Radulfo de Lamualei...Guillelmo clerico...[466].  King John confirmed "villam de Bromeleg cum advocatione ecclesie", donated by "Willelmus de Lanval…in maritagium cum Gunnora sorore ipsius Willelmi de Lunval", to "Willelmo de Bello Campo" by charter dated 20 Jun 1207[467].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Northamptonshire, dated to [1208/09], including "heres Willelmi de Lanvelay tenet Wakerle"[468].  m HAWISE de Bocland, daughter of HUGH de Bocland & his wife Matilda --- (-before 19 Jul 1233).  Her parentage and marriage are shown in The Complete Peerage[469]Willelmus de Lamualei filius Willelmi” donated “terre in manerio meo de Walcra...” to Colchester St. John, for the salvation of “mea et Hawisie uxoris mee” and the souls of “patris mei Willelmi et matris mee Gunnore”, by undated charter[470].  “Hawisa de Lanualei filia Hugonis de Boclonde in...viduitate mea” donated property “in villa de Tatcheworde” to Colchester St. John by undated charter[471].  “Cristiana de Mandevilla comitissa Essexe” confirmed the donation of property “in villa de Westlega” made to Colchester St. John by “Galfrido de Lanualay filio Willelmi de Lanualey et Hawisie sororis Galfridi filii Petri quondam justiciarii Anglie” by undated charter[472].  “Reimundus de Burgo” confirmed the donation of property made to Colchester St. John by “Galfrido de Lanualay filio Willelmi de Lanualey et Hawise uxoris eiusdem”, confirming the confirmation made by “Cristina de Mandevilla comitissa Essexe sponsa mea in...viduitate sua", by undated charter[473].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1232, by "Johannes de Burgo et Hawisia uxor eius" against "Willelmum de Bello Campo" claiming the return of "manerium de Brumlegha…hereditatem ipsius Hawisie" which had not been transferred to her after the death of "Gunnoram de Lanualay quondam uxorem suam" and which "Hawisia de Lamualay quondam uxor Willelmi de Lanualay…avie ipsius Hawisie" was granted as "dotem…de dono ipsius Willelmi quondam viri sui"[474].  “Johannes de Burgo” confirmed a donation to Colchester St. John made by “Hawisa de Lamualei filia Hugonis de Boclonde” by undated charter[475]William [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          WILLIAM [IV] de Lanvalay ([after 1190]-[1214/18 May 1216]).  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Northamptonshire, dated to [1208/09], including "heres Willelmi de Lanvelay tenet Wakerle"[476].  Although he is not named in this record, it must refer to William [IV] who was presumably still a minor at the time.  William Reedy, in the introduction to his collection of Basset charters, states that Alan Basset paid a fine to marry his daughter to the son and heir of William de Lanvalay in [1212/14][477]Willelmus de Lamualei” donated “advocacionem ecclesie Sancte Marie de Walcra et terram...Godithehythe in campo de Sanweie” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “...Galfrido fratre meo...[478]William Bishop of Lincoln confirmed the donation of ecclesie de Walcre”, held by “Galfridus de Boclanda” during his lifetime, to Colchester St. John made by “Willelmi de Lanvalei filii Willelmi de Lanvalei” by undated charter[479].  The reference to the Bocland family suggests that William [IV] de Lanvalay was the donor in this charter.  The Patent Roll 1217 records an order to "baillivis suis in quorum bailliis Willelmus de Lanvalay terras habuit" in respect of the lands “que fuerunt Willelmi de Lanvalay[480], which is consistent with the recent death of William [IV].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Somerset, dated 1219, which includes "filia et heres Willelmi de Lamvale est in custodia H. de Burgo justiciarii...et terra sua de Kingestan valet x.l...", in Kent “in hundred de Schamele dominus H. de Burgo habet custodiam cuiusdam puelle que est heres Willelmi de Lanvalai cum maneriis de Chauk et de Henneherst...”, and in Essex “terra...in hundredo de Lexeden[481].  [Betrothed ([1212/14]) --- Basset, daughter of ALAN Basset of Wycombe & his second wife Aline de Gai.  William Reedy, in the introduction to his collection of Basset charters, states that Alan Basset paid a fine to marry his daughter to the son and heir of William de Lanvalay in [1212/14][482].  It does not appear that this marriage was completed.]  m ([1212/14]) MATILDA Pecche, daughter of GILBERT Pecche & his wife (-after 11 May 1226).  Matildis de Lanualei” donated property “in villa de Herlestone...[et] in prato...Ham” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “Haumone Peche...[483].  “Hamo Pecche filius Gileberti Pecche” confirmed the donation of property “in villa de Herlestune” made to Colchester St. John by “Matildis de Lanualei soror mea”, for his and her souls, by undated charter[484]King Henry III ordered the sheriff of Northamptonshire "to place in respite the demand of 29s that he makes from Matilda de Lanvallay for her assets in Wakerley", dated [Apr] 1223[485], and secondly the king ordered the sheriff of Northamptonshire "to place in respite the demand for 29s that he makes by summons of the Exchequer from Matilda de Lanvallay", dated 11 May 1226[486].  “Johannes de Burgo et Hawise uxoris mee” confirmed the donation of property “in villa de Herlestune” made to Colchester St. John by “Matildis de Lanusely mater Hawise uxoris mee” by undated charter[487]William [IV] & his wife had one child:

(1)       HAWISE de Lanvalay ([1213/16]-after 1235)The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Somerset, dated 1219, which includes "filia et heres Willelmi de Lamvale est in custodia H. de Burgo justiciarii...et terra sua de Kingestan valet x.l...", in Kent “in hundred de Schamele dominus H. de Burgo habet custodiam cuiusdam puelle que est heres Willelmi de Lanvalai cum maneriis de Chauk et de Henneherst...”, and in Essex “terra...in hundredo de Lexeden[488].  The Pipe Roll 1223 includes land of “Huberto de Burgo cum herede Willelmi de Lanvalet...in Schaftebir” [Shaftesbury] in Dorset[489].  King Henry III ordered the sheriff of Dorset "to take into the king’s hands the lands of Emedeswurth and Morden which Peter Russell holds of the fee of William de Lanvallay", dated [Mar] 1224[490].  “Johannes de Burgo et Hawise uxoris mee” confirmed the donation of property “in villa de Herlestune” made to Colchester St. John by “Matildis de Lanusely mater Hawise uxoris mee” by undated charter[491].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1232, by "Johannes de Burgo et Hawisia uxor eius" against "Willelmum de Bello Campo" claiming the return of "manerium de Brumlegha…hereditatem ipsius Hawisie" which had not been transferred to her after the death of "Gunnoram de Lanualay quondam uxorem suam" and which "Hawisia de Lamualay quondam uxor Willelmi de Lanualay…avie ipsius Hawisie" was granted as "dotem…de dono ipsius Willelmi quondam viri sui"[492].  A charter dated 1235 records a dispute a claim “Johannem de Burgo et Hawisiam uxorem eius” against the abbot of Colchester relating to revenue from “molendino de Nordmilne” and the agreed settlement which refers to “Johannes et Hauuisia et heredes ipsius Hauuisie”, the latter being unnamed[493].  A writ dated 1 Dec “3 Edw I”, after the death of "John de Burgo the elder", names "Sir John de Burgo the younger...aged 40 and more is his next heir", records "Hallingebyri...manor...held of the king in chief of tyhe barony of Launvaly...of the inheritance of Hawis his wife", and names “Sir Hubert de Burgo father of Sir John de Burgo the elder[494]m (before 1232) JOHN de Burgh, son of HUBERT de Burgh Earl of Kent & his first wife Beatrice de Warenne (-before 1 Dec 1274). 

ii)         GEOFFREY de Lanvalay (-after 1227).  “Willelmus de Lamualei” donated “advocacionem ecclesie Sancte Marie de Walcra et terram...Godithehythe in campo de Sanweie” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “...Galfrido fratre meo...[495].  “Willelmus de Lamualey” donated “terram...Eddrihichescroft de feodo de Stanweia...” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “...Galfrido de Boclond, Brienno Arsic, Johanne de Lamualei, Willelmo de Lamualei...Galfrido fratre meo......[496].  The Patent Roll 1223 records "Gaufridus de Lanvalay de familia comitis W. Essexie. Teste et c. apud Westmonasterium xxv die Augusti"[497]Cristiana de Mandevilla comitissa Essexe” confirmed the donation of property “in villa de Westlega” made to Colchester St. John by “Galfrido de Lanualay filio Willelmi de Lanualey et Hawisie sororis Galfridi filii Petri quondam justiciarii Anglie” by undated charter[498].  “Reimundus de Burgo” confirmed the donation of property made to Colchester St. John by “Galfrido de Lanualay filio Willelmi de Lanualey et Hawise uxoris eiusdem”, confirming the confirmation made by “Cristina de Mandevilla comitissa Essexe sponsa mea in...viduitate sua", by undated charter[499].  “Galfridus de Lanualay” donated “dimidium totius manerii mei de Westle...” to Colchester St. John by undated charter[500]

b)         GUNNORA de Lanvalay (-before [1220]).  King John confirmed "villam de Bromeleg cum advocatione ecclesie", donated by "Willelmus de Lanval…in maritagium cum Gunnora sorore ipsius Willelmi de Lunval", to "Willelmo de Bello Campo" by charter dated 20 Jun 1207[501].  “Willielmus de Bellocampo, filius Simonis de Bellocampo” confirmed his father’s donations to Chicksand priory, for the souls of “patris mei Simonis…et matris meæ Isabellæ et uxoris meæ Gunnoræ et fratrum…meorum”, by undated charter[502].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1232, by "Johannes de Burgo et Hawisia uxor eius" against "Willelmum de Bello Campo" claiming the return of "manerium de Brumlegha…hereditatem ipsius Hawisie" which had not been transferred to her after the death of "Gunnoram de Lanualay quondam uxorem suam" and which "Hawisia de Lamualay quondam uxor Willelmi de Lanualay…avie ipsius Hawisie" was granted as "dotem…de dono ipsius Willelmi quondam viri sui"[503].  m ([20 Jun] 1207) as his first wife, WILLIAM de Beauchamp Baron of Bedford, son of JOHN de Beauchamp & his wife --- (-1260). 

c)         RANULF de Lanvalay (-after 1185).  “Willelmus de Lamualei” granted “Hamertonam post decessum domine Clementie” to “Radulfo de Lamualei filio meo juniori”, to hold “de Guillelmo de Lamualei filio meo”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfo de Lamualei, Olivero...Guillelmo clerico...[504].  “Willelmus de Lamualei filius Willelmi de Lamualei” confirmed “decimis...in terris...quas Eudo dapifer eis dedit vel alii antecessores mei scilicet Hamo de Sancto Claro et Willelmus frater eius videlicet terram de Berleia que dicitur Edgareslawe et Grenestede et Belkerne et ecclesiam de Hamertune” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfo de Lamualei...Guillelmo clerico...[505].  “Willelmus de Lamualei filius Willelmi de Lamualei miles” donated “terram...ad Galweidone in Lexedene...pro dimidia virgata terre quam Clementia avia mea...pro anima matris mee Gunnore de maritagio suo in Westone donaverat” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “Radulfo de Lamualei...Guillelmo clerico...[506].  “Willelmus de Lamualei filius Willelmi” donated “terre in manerio meo de Walcra...” to Colchester St. John, for the salvation of “mea et Hawisie uxoris mee” and the souls of “patris mei Willelmi et matris mee Gunnore”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfo de Lamualei...[507].  Ranulf may have died before the charter witnessed by his supposed brother John (see below). 

d)         [JOHN de Lanvalay (-after [Jul] 1199).  “Willelmus de Lamualei filius Willelmi de Lamualei” donated “ecclesiam de Walcra” to Colchester St. John, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Hauuis” and the souls of “patris mei Willelmi et matris mee Gunnore”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Johanne de Lamualei...[508].  A claim by “Johe de Lanualai” against “Sim le Bret” is recorded in [Jul] 1199[509].  Willelmus de Lamualey” donated “terram...Eddrihichescroft de feodo de Stanweia...” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “...Galfrido de Boclond, Brienno Arsic, Johanne de Lamualei, Willelmo de Lamualei...Galfrido fratre meo......[510].] 

2.         [brother .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Lanvalay (-after 1185).  Willelmus de Lanvalei” confirmed the donation of “decimis...in terris...quas Eudo dapifer eis dedit vel alii antecessores mei...Hamo de Sancto Claro et Willelmus frater eius...terram in Berle que dicitur Adgareslau et Grenestede et ecclesiam de Hamertune” made to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “Willelmus clericus nepos domini Willelmi de Lanvalei, Radulfus de Lanvalui...[511].  “Willelmus de Lamualei” donated “terram quam tenuit Ædgarus Treissolz extra muros Colecestrie et in Balkerne gardinum” to Colchester St. John, with the consent of “uxoris mee Gunnore et heredis mei Willelmi”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Robertus de Valuines, Radulfus de Lamualei, Oliuer de Lamualei, Radulfus filius Pain, Willelmus de Lamualei clericus...[512].  “Willelmus de Lamualei” granted “Hamertonam post decessum domine Clementie” to “Radulfo de Lamualei filio meo juniori”, to hold “de Guillelmo de Lamualei filio meo”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfo de Lamualei, Olivero...Guillelmo clerico...[513].  “Willelmus de Lamualei filius Willelmi de Lamualei” confirmed “decimis...in terris...quas Eudo dapifer eis dedit vel alii antecessores mei scilicet Hamo de Sancto Claro et Willelmus frater eius videlicet terram de Berleia que dicitur Edgareslawe et Grenestede et Belkerne et ecclesiam de Hamertune” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfo de Lamualei...Guillelmo clerico...[514].  “Willelmus de Lamualei filius Willelmi de Lamualei miles” donated “terram...ad Galweidone in Lexedene...pro dimidia virgata terre quam Clementia avia mea...pro anima matris mee Gunnore de maritagio suo in Westone donaverat” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “Radulfo de Lamualei...Guillelmo clerico...[515]

3.         RANULF [I] de Lanvalay .  “Willelmus de Lanvalei” confirmed the donation of “decimis...in terris...quas Eudo dapifer eis dedit vel alii antecessores mei...Hamo de Sancto Claro et Willelmus frater eius...terram in Berle que dicitur Adgareslau et Grenestede et ecclesiam de Hamertune” made to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “Willelmus clericus nepos domini Willelmi de Lanvalei, Radulfus de Lanvalui...[516].  “Willelmus de Lamualei” donated “terram quam tenuit Ædgarus Treissolz extra muros Colecestrie et in Balkerne gardinum” to Colchester St. John, with the consent of “uxoris mee Gunnore et heredis mei Willelmi”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Robertus de Valuines, Radulfus de Lamualei, Oliuer de Lamualei, Radulfus filius Pain, Willelmus de Lamualei clericus...[517].  “Willelmus de Lamualei” granted “Hamertonam post decessum domine Clementie” to “Radulfo de Lamualei filio meo juniori”, to hold “de Guillelmo de Lamualei filio meo”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfo de Lamualei, Olivero...Guillelmo clerico...[518].  The Testa de Nevill’s list of Berkshire landholdings in 1212 includes [his grandson] “Willelmus de Lanvalei tenet c solidatas terre in Blacgrave sine servicio nominato quam Rex Henricus pater dedit Radulfo avo suo[519].  m ---.  The name of Ranulf’s wife is not known.  Ranulf [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         [RANULF [II] de Lanvalay (-[3 Sep 1199/1212]).  “Robertus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus de Valoniis avus meus et Rogerus pater meus et Petrus de Valoniis frater meus et domina Agnes mater mea”, with the advice of "dominæ Agnetis matris meæ et Hadæwisæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfo de Lanvalei...[520].  An order dated 3 Sep 1199 relates to land of “Willo de Lanuallai et Rad de Lanualai” in Huntingdonshire and Berkshire[521].  The chronology suggests that Ranulf [II] de Lanvalay was another son of Ranulf [I] de Lanvalay, maybe his older son as the entry referring to his daughter precedes that in which his supposed brother William is named in the Testa de Nevill for Berkshire dated 1212 (quoted below).]  m ---.  She was heiress of Eastbury, Berkshire, as shown by the extract from the Testa de Nevill dated 1212 which is quoted below.  An indication of her family origin may be provided by another holder of Eastbury who is named in the Testa de Nevill list of fees in Berkshire, dated [1242/43], which includes "Gilbertus de Marisco in Estbir dimidium feodium, Henricus de Hynton in Estbir iii partes feodi"[522].  It is possible that her name was HAWISE:  an order dated 16 May 1221 records that "Hawise de Lanvallay gives the king the third part of 23 for summoning William de Hastings before the justices...order to the sheriff of Oxfordshire"[523].  The Pipe Roll 1223 includes land of “Hawise de Lanval...de fine suo. Ricardus Walensis...de fine suo” in Essex and Hertfordshire[524].  It is unlikely that this entry relates to Hawise, daughter and heiress of William [IV] de Lanvalay (see above), who is referred to elsewhere in the same Pipe Roll as being in the guardianship of Hubert de Burgh (“Huberto de Burgo cum herede Willelmi de Lanvalet...in Schaftebir” in Dorset).  The entry for Hawise in Essex/Hertfordshire is followed directly by Richard le Waleys, who is recorded elsewhere in the same Pipe Roll as having custody of the heir of Ranulf [II] de Lanvalay and who later married his daughter Matilda (see below), which suggests a close connection between this Hawise and Ranulf [II], possibly as his widow.  Another entry in the Pipe Roll 1223 includes “Hawisa de Lanval debet terciam partem de xxiii li. pro summonendo Willelmo [named “Willelmus f. Tustani” in a similarly phrased record in the previous entry but one] sicut continetur ibidem” in Essex and Hertfordshire[525].  Ranulf [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          MATILDA de Lanvalay .  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Berkshire, dated 1212, which includes "x libratas terre in Estbir cum filia Radulfi de Lanvalei et herede, per finem quem fecit cum domino Rege Johanne sine servicio nominato, quam Henricus Rex pater dedit antecessoribus uxoris sue"[526].  The Pipe Roll 1223 includes land of “Ricardo Walensi...in Estbir cum filia et herede Radulfi de Lanvalet. Et Willelmo de Lanvalet...in Blakegrave...” in Berkshire[527].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Berkshire, dated to [1226/28], which includes "Matildis de Langvalay est de donatione domini regis et est maritata Ricardo Walensi; terra eius in [Lamburne] hundredo valet per annum x.l"[528].  Henry III King of England pardoned "Gilbertus de Marisco" for marrying "Matildem de Lannvaley, que fuit de dono regis" and ordered the sheriff of Berkshire to transfer “terra sua...de hereditate predicte Matildis in Estbir” to him, dated 1231[529]The Testa de Nevill includes a list of fees in Berkshire, dated 1234, which includes "dimidia marco de dimidio feodo Radulfi de Lanvaleye in Estbere...et dimidia marca de feodo Gileberti de Mariscis in Estbery"[530]m firstly (before [1226/28]) RICHARD le Waleys, son of [ROBERT le Waleys & his wife ---].  m secondly (1231 or before) GILBERT de Mareis, son of --- (-after [1242/44]).

b)         WILLIAM [III] de Lanvalay (-after 29 Sep 1223).  An order dated 3 Sep 1199 relates to land of “Willo de Lanuallai et Rad de Lanualai” in Huntingdonshire and Berkshire[531].  His parentage is confirmed by the Testa de Nevill which lists landholdings in Berkshire, dated 1212, including “Willelmus de Lanvalei tenet c solidatas terre in Blacgrave sine servicio nominato quam Rex Henricus pater dedit Radulfo avo suo[532].  “Willelmus de Lamualey” donated “terram...Eddrihichescroft de feodo de Stanweia...” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “...Galfrido de Boclond, Brienno Arsic, Johanne de Lamualei, Willelmo de Lamualei...Galfrido fratre meo......[533].  The Pipe Roll 1223 includes “Willelmus de Lanval” among those owing “de prestito Pictavie” in Essex and Hertfordshire, and land of “Ricardo Walensi...in Estbir cum filia et herede Radulfi de Lanvalet. Et Willelmo de Lanvalet...in Blakegrave...” in Berkshire[534]

c)         [GEOFFREY de Lanvalay (-after 27 Jun 1223).  The Patent Roll 1223 records a claim by "Galfridum de Laumvaley" against “Galfridum Arsyc” relating to land “in Blaggrave” in Berkshire, dated 27 Jun “anno nono[535].  William [III] de Lanvalay is also named in connection with the same place (see above), which suggests a close relationship between him and this Geoffrey.  If that is correct, this Geoffrey was a different person from Geoffrey de Lanvalay (who is named elsewhere in the same Patent Roll) who was the brother of William [IV] (see above).] 

4.         [OLIVER de LanvalayWillelmus de Lamualei” donated “terram quam tenuit Ædgarus Treissolz extra muros Colecestrie et in Balkerne gardinum” to Colchester St. John, with the consent of “uxoris mee Gunnore et heredis mei Willelmi”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Robertus de Valuines, Radulfus de Lamualei, Oliuer de Lamualei, Radulfus filius Pain, Willelmus de Lamualei clericus...[536].  “Willelmus de Lamualei” granted “Hamertonam post decessum domine Clementie” to “Radulfo de Lamualei filio meo juniori”, to hold “de Guillelmo de Lamualei filio meo”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfo de Lamualei, Olivero...Guillelmo clerico...[537].] 

 

 

 

LAVAL

 

 

HUGUES [II] de Laval, son of [HUGUES [I] de Laval & his wife ---] (-before 1130).  The chronology suggests that there must have been two persons named Hugues de Laval in the late-11th and early 12th centuries.  Hugues de Laval (named Hugues [I] de Laval, above), son of Hamon Seigneur de Laval, is named in a charter dated 11 Nov 1039.  It is therefore unlikely that he could have been the same person as Hugues [II] de Laval whose death is dated to before 1130.  It is possible that Hugues [II] was the son of Hugues [I].  An undated charter, dated to the early 12th century, under which the nuns of Ronceray confirmed an agreement, is witnessed by "Hugues de Laval, qui nunc dominium tenebat"[538], which suggests that Hugues acted as regent during the minority of Guy [III] Sire de Laval.  The Lindsey Survey, dated to [1115/18], records "Hugh de Laval" holding land in Great and Little Coates, Hackthorn and other places[539].  "Hugo de la Val" confirmed the donation by "Robertus de Laceio tempore regis Willilmi secundi" and added his own donation to Pontefract abbey, for the salvation of "conjugis meæ et liberorum meorum", by charter dated to [1121/29][540].  According to Dugdale’s Monasticon, Henry I King of England granted Pontefract castle to "Hugo de la Val" after Robert de Lacy was banished, and "Empress" Matilda restored the castle to Robert’s son, so dated to the early 1140s[541].  If Robert de Lacy’s death is correctly estimated to [1093/99], his banishment must have occurred during the reign of King William II.  The timing of King Henry I’s granted to Hugues de Laval is therefore uncertain. 

m as her first husband, DAMETA, daughter of --- (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll names "Wido de Laval" followed immediately by "Willo Maltverso" in Northumberland, and in another passage records that "Wills Maltvers" owed money to the king for "uxore Hug de Laval" and for the latter’s land[542].  The 1130 Pipe Roll names "Damete" in Oxfordshire[543].  She married secondly (1129) William Maltravers"Willelmus Maltravers" donated property to Pontefract abbey, with the consent of "uxore mea Dalmeta", by charter dated to [1130/36][544]

Hugues & his wife had [two or more] children: 

1.         [GUY de Laval (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll names "Wido de Laval" followed immediately by "Willo Maltverso" in Northumberland[545].  This suggests a close family relationship between the two, probably that Guy was William’s stepson.  The fact that Hugues de Laval did have children is shown by the charter dated to [1121/29] under which "Hugo de la Val" confirmed the donation by "Robertus de Laceio tempore regis Willilmi secundi" and added his own donation to Pontefract abbey, for the salvation of "conjugis meæ et liberorum meorum"[546].  Domesday Descendants says that Guy was the same person as Guy [III] de Laval[547].  However, the later references to the name Laval in England suggests that this may not be the case.  same person as…?  GUY de Laval (-after 1167).  The Red Book of the Exchequer 1166 names "Wido de Lanval" as one of the forty knights` fees of "Henricus de Lascy" who held "veteri feodo Pontis Fracti" from the king, and lists the ten knights who held from him[548].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Guido de Laval xx m" in Yorkshire in [1167/68][549]m ---.  The name of Guy’s wife is not known.  Guy & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [GUY de Laval (-after 1212).  The Red Book of the Exchequer names "Guido de Valle xxl" among those who paid scutagium in "Everwiksira" in 1171/72[550].  The Red Book of the Exchequer names "Guido de Laval xl" with "xx milites" among those who paid scutagium in "Eboracsira" in 1190/91[551].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "de his qui non habent capitales honores…Guidone de Lanval" paying "x s" in Oxfordshire[552].  The Red Book of the Exchequer names "Guido de Laval xxl" with "xx milites" among those who paid scutagium in "Eboracsira" in 1194/95 and 1196/97, "Guido de Laval xl m" in 1199/1200, and "Wido de la Val xx milites" in 1201/02[553].  The Red Book of the Exchequer names "Guido de Laval" among "isti habent quietantiam per brevia" in 1196/97[554].  The Red Book of the Exchequer names "Wido de Laval iim et dimidium marcam" in "Lincolnesira" in 1196/97[555].  The Red Book of the Exchequer names "Guido de Laval, i feodum et dimidium, per Vicecomitatum" in "Oxoneforddschira" in 1199/1200[556].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Wido de la Val" held "Haskebi et Ravendale et Wada et Brichisle" in Lincolnshire[557].] 

b)         [GILBERT [I] de Laval (-after [1171/72]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer 1166 names "Gilbertus de Lanval" declared to Henry II King of England that "antecessores mei" held two knights` fees in Northumberland "tempore Regis H avi vestri" and that he still held them, and in other passages "Gilbertus de La Val, Calverdone" with two knights, and "Gillebertus de Laval" with two fees in "honor et wardæ Novi Castri"[558].  The Red Book of the Exchequer names "Gilbertus de Laval xls" among those who paid scutagium in "Northumberlande" in 1171/72[559].] 

2.         other children .  "Hugo de la Val" confirmed the donation by "Robertus de Laceio tempore regis Willilmi secundi" and added his own donation to Pontefract abbey, for the salvation of "conjugis meæ et liberorum meorum", by charter dated to [1121/29][560]

 

 

1.         GILBERT [II] de Laval (-[30 Sep 1219/29 Jan 1229]).  It is not known whether Gilbert [II] de Laval was the same person as Gilbert [I] de Laval named above.  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Gillebertus de Laval" holding "baroniam de Calverdona" in Northumberland which had been held by "omnes antecessores sui…post conquestum Anglie"[561].  Henry III King of England ordered "Gillebertus de Laval…" to enquire into the state of the forests "Norhumberland" dated [Jul] 1219[562].  "Gilbert de la Val" paid a fine for "having a pone" concerning his claim relating to services from "Roger of Holywell", dated 30 Sep 1219[563]m ---.  The name of Gilbert’s wife is not known.  Gilbert & his wife had two children: 

a)         EUSTACE de Laval (-before 16 Mar 1258).  "Eustace de la Val" paid homage to the king "for the two knights’ fess that Gilbert de la Val his father held of the king in chief in Callerton, Dissington and Seaton" in Northumberland, dated 29 Jan 1229[564].  A writ dated 16 Mar "42 Hen III", after the death of "Eustace de la Val alias de Laval" names "Henry de Laval his brother, aged 60 and more, is his heir" and manors in Northumberland "Calverdon, Discington and Seton…Halywell held of Sir John Balliol in free marriage without service, Hertelawe…Echewic town" and "bound to John de Laval in 7 marks rent for life"[565]

b)         HENRY de Laval ([1197/98]-after 1258).  A writ dated 16 Mar "42 Hen III", after the death of "Eustace de la Val alias de Laval" names "Henry de Laval his brother, aged 60 and more, is his heir"[566]

 

2.         JOHN de Laval (-after 1258).  A writ dated 16 Mar "42 Hen III", after the death of "Eustace de la Val alias de Laval" states that he was "bound to John de Laval in 7 marks rent for life"[567]

 

3.         HUGH de Laval (-after 24 Feb 1281).  Under a writ dated 24 Feb "9 Edw I" Hugh de Laval complained of lands taken into the king’s hands after the death of "Maud sometime the wife of Hugh de Valle alias Laval", naming "Philippa the wife of Roger de Lancaster and Margery late the wife of Nicholas Corbet are her next heirs and of full age” and noting that “the said Hugh begot four sons of the said Maud, who died before her death[568]m ([Oct 1262/1267]) MATILDA de Bolebec, daughter of HUGH de Bolebec & his wife Tiphaine --- (Sep 1249-before 24 Feb 1281).  A writ dated 23 Oct "46 Hen III", after the death of "Hugh de Bolebek alias de Bolebech" records "his daughters…and Maud aged 13 and 1 month who is at Angerton with lady Teffan alias Thephan her mother…are his heirs"[569].  An undated writ "52 Hen III", after the death of "Richard de Muntfichet", records that "he had 3 sisters, Margery, Avelina and Philippa, from Margery issued Hugh de Bolebek, who had four daughters married to Roger de Lacastre, Nicholas Corbet, Hugh de Laval and Walter de Huntercumbe"[570].  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother", names as heirs of "Richard de Munfichet…his three sisters, the first sister Margery married Hugh de Bulebec, and from them issued Hugh de Bulebec who had four daughters, Philippa married to Roger de Lancastre, Margery married to Nicholas Corbet, Alice married to Walter de Huntercumbe, and Maud married to Hugh de la Valle…"[571].  Under a writ dated 24 Feb "9 Edw I" Hugh de Laval complained of lands taken into the king’s hands after the death of "Maud sometime the wife of Hugh de Valle alias Laval", naming "Philippa the wife of Roger de Lancaster and Margery late the wife of Nicholas Corbet are her next heirs and of full age” and noting that “the said Hugh begot four sons of the said Maud, who died before her death[572].  Hugh & his wife had four children: 

a)         four sons (-before 1281).  Under a writ dated 24 Feb "9 Edw I" Hugh de Laval complained of lands taken into the king’s hands after the death of "Maud sometime the wife of Hugh de Valle alias Laval", naming "Philippa the wife of Roger de Lancaster and Margery late the wife of Nicholas Corbet are her next heirs and of full age” and noting that “the said Hugh begot four sons of the said Maud, who died before her death[573]

 

 

 

LIMESEY

 

 

Loyd indicates that this family originated in Limésy in the present-day French département of Seine-Maritime (previously Seine-Inférieure), arrondissement Rouen, canton Pavilly[574]

 

 

1.         RALPH [I] de Limesey"…Edward Sheriff of Wilts., Hugo Sheriff of Hants, Robert de Oilli, Constable, Ralph de Mortimer, Robert Malet, Roger de Ivry pincerna, Walter de Lacy, Ralph de Limesey, Humphrey the Chamberlain, the dapifer of the count of Ponthieu, Geoffrey son of Hersendis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1078/87] under which William I King of England notified the grant of land by the bishop of Winchester to the king’s cook[575].  Domesday Book records “Ralph de Limesy” with land-holdings in Somerset; holding Caldecote and Pirton in Odsey Hundred and Amwell in Hertford Hundred in Hertfordshire; land in Collyweston in Northamptonshire; several properties in Nottinghamshire[576].  “Radulfus de Limesey” founded Hertford priory, with the consent of “uxore sua et filiis suis”, by undated charter, dated to the late 1080s[577]m ---.  The name of Ralph’s wife is not known.  Ralph [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         RALPH [II] de Limesey .  “Radulfus de Limesey” donated property to Hertford priory, with the consent of “Hadwisiæ uxori suæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by "Raerus filius domini, Robertus de Statford nepos domini…"[578].  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation to Hertford priory by "Radulphi de Limsey" by charter dated to [1100/07][579]m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  “Radulfus de Limesey” donated property to Hertford priory, with the consent of “Hadwisiæ uxori suæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by "Raerus filius domini, Robertus de Statford nepos domini…"[580].  Ralph & his wife had two children: 

i)          RAHER de Limesey .  “Radulfus de Limesey” donated property to Hertford priory, with the consent of “Hadwisiæ uxori suæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by "Raerus filius domini, Robertus de Statford nepos domini…"[581]

ii)         ALAN de Limesay (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Alan de Limesei…tra patris sui" in Hertfordshire[582].  “Alanus de Limesey” confirmed donations to Hertford priory by “pater meus Radulphus de Limesy…pro animæ uxoris suæ Hadewisæ matris meæ”, for the souls of "filii mei", by undated charter[583]

-         see below

b)         [ .  The identity of the mother of "Robert de Statford" is not known.  Domesday Descendants suggests that the wife of Nicholas de Stafford, son of Robert [I] de Stafford & his wife [Avice de Clare], was "probably the daughter of Ralph I de Limesey"[584].  This speculation is presumably based on the undated charter quoted below, on the assumption that "Robertus de Statford" was the same person as Robert [II] de Stafford, son of Nicholas de Stafford and his wife Matilda ---.  It is not certain that the name "Statford" was the same as "Stafford".  Other possible family origins of Matilda are discussed more fully in the document ENGLAND, EARLS created 1207-1466.]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          ROBERT de Statford .  “Radulfus de Limesey” donated property to Hertford priory, with the consent of “Hadwisiæ uxori suæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by "Raerus filius domini, Robertus de Statford nepos domini…"[585]

 

 

ALAN de Limesey, son of RALPH de Limesey & his wife Hawise --- (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Alan de Limesei…tra patris sui" in Hertfordshire[586].  “Alanus de Limesey” confirmed donations to Hertford priory by “pater meus Radulphus de Limesy…pro animæ uxoris suæ Hadewisæ matris meæ”, for the souls of "filii mei", by undated charter[587]

m ---.  The name of Alan’s wife is not known. 

Alan & his wife had two children: 

1.         GERARD de Limesey (-after 1161).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Girard de Limesye ii m" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire in [1161/62][588].  “Gerardus de Limesey” donated property to Hertford priory, for the souls of “uxoris meæ Amiciæ et Johannis filii mei”, by undated charter witnessed by "Halen. de Bidun, Amicia uxore mea, Trianno fratre meo…"[589]m AMICE de Bidun, daughter of HALENALD de Bidun & his wife --- ([1124/25]-after 1185).  “Gerardus de Limesey” donated property to Hertford priory, for the souls of “uxoris meæ Amiciæ et Johannis filii mei”, by undated charter witnessed by "…Trianno fratre meo…"[590].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Amicia de Limesia…lx annorum…filia Haveladi de Bid[une]”, adding that she has “ii filios milites quorum primogenitus…Johannes de Limesia…[et] plures…filias[591].  Gerard & his wife had [five or more] children: 

a)         JOHN de Limesey (-1193).  “Gerardus de Limesey” donated property to Hertford priory, for the souls of “uxoris meæ Amiciæ et Johannis filii mei”, by undated charter witnessed by "…Trianno fratre meo…"[592].  “Johannes de Limeisi” confirmed donations to Hertford priory by “Radulfus de Limeisi avus patris mei…pater meus Girardus…Alanus de Limesi avus meus”, by undated charter witnessed by "…Alano de Limeisi fratre meo…"[593].  Lord of Cavendish, Suffolk.  m as her first husband, ALICE de Harcourt, daughter of ROBERT [I] de Harcourt & his wife Millicent de Camville (-after Sep 1212).  She married secondly ([1196/98]) as his second wife, Waleran Earl of Warwick.  The 1198/99 Pipe Roll records "Robert de Harcurt" in Warwick and Leicestershires and “the Earl of Warwick accounts for 100 marks for having to wife Robert de Harecurt’s daughter, widow of John de Limesi[594]

b)         ALAN de Limesey .  “Johannes de Limeisi” confirmed donations to Hertford priory by “Radulfus de Limeisi avus patris mei…pater meus Girardus…Alanus de Limesi avus meus”, by undated charter witnessed by "…Alano de Limeisi fratre meo…"[595].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Amicia de Limesia…lx annorum…filia Haveladi de Bid[une]”, adding that she has “ii filios milites quorum primogenitus…Johannes de Limesia…[et] plures…filias[596]

c)         BASILIA de Limesey (-after [1 Jun] 1225).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by a document dated [29 Oct] 1223 which  records a claim against "Hugh de Hoddingesele and Basilia his wife...along with David de Lindesi” relating to charters of “Alan de Lymesia and Gerard his son father of said Basilia and grandfather of said David[597].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Essex, dated 1219, which includes "Basilia de Limisi est de donatione domini regis et est maritata Hugoni de Hodesell per dominum Regem Johannem et valet terra eius in Kavenedis c.s"[598].  Court papers dated [1 Jun] 1225 record a claim by the prior of Hertford against "Hugh de Oddingesele and Basilia his wife” concerning “the advowson of the church of Kavenedisse whereof the K. [Henry III] claims by reason of the heir of David de Limesi, who was in the K’s custody and a coparcener of Basilia in John de Limesi’s heritage””[599]m HUGH de Odingselles, son of --- (-1239). 

d)         ELEANOR de Limesey (-before 1223).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by a document dated [29 Oct] 1223 which  records a claim against "Hugh de Hoddingesele and Basilia his wife...along with David de Lindesi” relating to charters of “Alan de Lymesia and Gerard his son father of said Basilia and grandfather of said David[600]m as his second wife, WILLIAM de Lindsay, son of WALTER de Lindsay & his wife --- (-after [1200]). 

e)         one or more daughter .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Amicia de Limesia…lx annorum…filia Haveladi de Bid[une]”, adding that she has “ii filios milites quorum primogenitus…Johannes de Limesia…[et] plures…filias[601]

2.         TRIAN de Limesey .  “Gerardus de Limesey” donated property to Hertford priory, for the souls of “uxoris meæ Amiciæ et Johannis filii mei”, by undated charter witnessed by "…Trianno fratre meo…"[602]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Limesey (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt de Limesia" in Hampshire (twice)[603]

 

 

1.         GEOFFREY de Limeseym ---.  Geoffrey & his wife had two children: 

a)         BEATRICE de Limesey .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a claim dated 1220, recorded by Bracton, by "Vitalis Engaun et Rogerus Gernet" against "Willelmum de Cantelupo et Maziliam uxorem eius" which recites that "Gaufridus de Limeseia" had "unum filium Walterum…et duas filias Beatriciam et Matillidem", that Beatrice married "Reginaldus"[604]m REYNOLD FitzUrse, son of RICHARD FitzUrse & his wife Matilda de Boulers (-[1171/75]). 

b)         MATILDA de Limesey .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a claim dated 1220, recorded by Bracton, by "Vitalis Engaun et Rogerus Gernet" against "Willelmum de Cantelupo et Maziliam uxorem eius" which recites that "Gaufridus de Limeseia" had "unum filium Walterum…et duas filias Beatriciam et Matillidem", that "Eliam de Bello Campo" was "filium et heredum ipsius Matillidis"[605]m --- de Beauchamp, son of ---. 

 

2.         AMABILIS de Limesey (-after 27 May 1205, maybe after [1224/Jun 1225]).  "Amabil q fuit ux Hug Bard" paid a fine not to be constrained to marry and agreed to marry only with the consent of the king "quamdiu sit vidua pro morte Johannis de Braosa quondam viri sui", in Warwickshire, dated 27 May 1205[606].  The significance of the phrase in which John de Briouse is named in this document is difficult to determine.  The literal translation presents no problems: “for so long as she may be a widow because of the death of her late husband John de Briouse”.  Her marriage to John obviously took place before May 1205, but does this phrase mean that he was already dead?  Read literally, if Amabilis was already John’s widow, she would only cease to be such if she died or remarried.  Remarriage would breach the term imposed by the king, if without his consent.  The reference to John would therefore seem irrelevant for the purposes of the document: if he was already dead, why not simply write “Amabil q fuit ux Johannis de Braosa”?  Another possibility is that the document was anticipating what would happen if her current husband (John) died at some time in the future.  The wording is consistent with that case as well, i.e. John would become “quondam” in the future but was not so in 1205.  However, it seems unlikely that King John would impose a condition contingent on a future event, when he could easily impose another fine in the future when that event happened.  Another factor is introduced by the charter dated [1224/Jun 1225] which is quoted below: if John had died before May 1205, why would Amabilis wait 20 years before issuing the confirmation (unless that document was in fact reporting events which happened years earlier)?  Neither of these possibilities seems to provide a satisfactory explanation for the wording of the 27 May 1205 charter.  Until further evidence comes to light, the only safe conclusions are that Amabilis died after 27 May 1205, maybe after [1224/Jun 1225], and that her second husband died before 1224, maybe before 27 May 1205.  "Amable de Limesie…post obitum Johannis de Brawose quondam viri mei" confirmed grants of land to "Benedicto filio Murielis", in accordance with earlier grants made by "Gaufridi de Limesie et Johannis de Limesie antecessorum meorum" to "Alexandro filio Thony" who held the land "tempore Radulfi de Limesie et predictorum Gaufridi et Johannis de Limesie", by charter dated to [1224/Jun 1225][607]m firstly [as his second wife,] HUGH Bardolf, son of --- (-[1200]).  m secondly (after [1200]) JOHN de Briouse, son of --- (-before 1224, maybe before 27 May 1205). 

 

 

1.         --- de Limesey (-before 1225).  m [as her --- husband,] ISABELLA, daughter of --- (-after [1 Jun] 1225).  Court papers dated [1 Jun] 1225 record a claim by "Ralf de Limesi” against “Walter Cumin and Margery his wife” for “three parts of a knight’s fee in Saperton” and that “Isabella, mother of the said Ralf and Margery, acknowledges that she claims nothing therein but dower[608].  The disputes between her two children suggest that they may have been half-siblings, born from different marriages of their mother.  [Two] children: 

a)         RALPH de Limesey (-after [1 Jun] 1225).  "Hameria wife of Walter Cumin of Hunderschete in the county of Somerset" made a claim against “Ralf de Limesie”, dated [19 Jun] 1221, which also names her husband[609].  Court papers dated [1 Jun] 1225 record a claim by "Ralf de Limesi” against “Walter Cumin and Margery his wife” for “three parts of a knight’s fee in Saperton” and that “Isabella, mother of the said Ralf and Margery, acknowledges that she claims nothing therein but dower[610]

b)         [MARGERY (-after [1 Jun] 1225).  "Hameria wife of Walter Cumin of Hunderschete in the county of Somerset" made a claim against “Ralf de Limesie”, dated [19 Jun] 1221, which also names her husband[611].  Court papers dated [1 Jun] 1225 record a claim by "Ralf de Limesi” against “Walter Cumin and Margery his wife” for “three parts of a knight’s fee in Saperton” and that “Isabella, mother of the said Ralf and Margery, acknowledges that she claims nothing therein but dower[612].  As noted above, the legal disputes between Margery and her brother suggest that they may not have been full siblings, maybe born from two marriages of their mother.  m WALTER Comyn, son of --- (-after [1 Jun] 1225).] 

 

 

1.         --- de Limeseym ---.  [Four or more] children: 

a)         AMABILIS de Limesey (-before 23 Nov 1224).    A document dated to [1225/26] records that "the heirs of Amabilis de Limesi owe...of her fine not to be compelled to marry”, that “Hugh de Oddingseles and Basilia his wife” owe a debt, and that “David son and heir of David de Lindesi, who has one of Amabilis’s sisters” owes part[613]m ---.  The name of Amabilis’s husband has not been ascertained.  Two children: 

i)          son .  A document dated 23 Nov 1224 records that "the heirs of Amabilis de Limesi owe...for their mother that she may not be constrained to marry”, noting that “the K. of Scotland has one of the heirs...Hugh de Oddingeseles has another[614].  A document dated 1 Feb [1225?] records that "the heir of Amabilis de Limesi owes...for his mother” and that “David son of David de Lindesi another heir of Mabilia de Limesi owes...[615]

ii)         --- (-[23 Nov 1224/1 Feb 1225]).  A document dated 23 Nov 1224 records that "the heirs of Amabilis de Limesi owe...for their mother that she may not be constrained to marry”, noting that “the K. of Scotland has one of the heirs...Hugh de Oddingeseles has another[616].  The document dated 1 Feb [1225?] quoted above indicates that there was only one surviving child of Amabilis at that date. 

b)         CHRISTIANA de Limesey (-after [25 Jun] 1241).  Her family origin and marriage are indicated by a document dated to [1225/26] which records that "the heirs of Amabilis de Limesi owe...of her fine not to be compelled to marry”, that “Hugh de Oddingseles and Basilia his wife” owe a debt, and that “David son and heir of David de Lindesi, who has one of Amabilis’s sisters” owes part[617].  A document dated to [15 Apr] 1241 records that "Christiana widow of David de Lindesye, who had a writ for her dower versus Gerard de Doddingeseles in Bradefelde...is not present[618].  Her second marriage is indicated by the following document, assuming that “Bradewelle” is the same as “Bradefelde” which is named in the document dated [15 Apr] 1241.  "Robert de Pinkeny and Cristiana his wife” sued several individuals concerning rights of land, including “Simon the clerk of Bradewelle” relating to land “in Bradewelle in Oxfordshire which...they claim as Cristiana’s dower”, dated 13 May 1241[619].  The marriage is also indicated by a document dated 16 May 1241 which records a claim by "Robert de Pinkeny and Cristiana his wife” against “Gerard de Oddingeseles[620], who is also named in the [15 Apr] 1241 document.  "Robert de Pinkeny and Cristiana his wife” sued “Henry de Pinkeny” relating to land “in Whichinton which...they claim as Cristiana’s dower”, dated [25 Jun] 1241[621]m firstly DAVID de Lindsay, son of DAVID de Lindsay & his wife Margery --- (-before [15 Apr] 1241).  m secondly ([Apr/13 May] 1241) ROBERT de Pinkeney, son of ---. 

c)         daughters .  The existence of two or more other daughters is indicated by a document dated to [1225/26] which records that "the heirs of Amabilis de Limesi owe...of her fine not to be compelled to marry”, that “Hugh de Oddingseles and Basilia his wife” owe a debt, and that “David son and heir of David de Lindesi, who has one of Amabilis’s sisters” owes part[622]

 

 

1.         NICHOLAS de Limesey (-after 1220).  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in the honour of Tickhill, dated to [1208/13]: "Nicholaus de Limessi" held "terram que fuit Willelmi de Lund cum herede Willelmi per ostriceriam"[623].  Henry III King of England issued an order relating to a claim by "Nicholaus de Limese et Margareta uxor eius, Dionisia et Florencia sorores ipsius Margarete" against "priorem de Bergeveni" dated [Aug] 1220[624].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1220, by "Nicholaus de Limesia et Margeria uxore sua et…sororibus uxoris sue" against "Johannem de Balun" who failed to appear[625]m MARGARET de Murdac, daughter of RICHARD de Murdac & his wife ---.  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in the honour of Tickhill, dated to [1208/13]: "Nicholaus de Limessi" held "terram que fuit Willelmi de Lund cum herede Willelmi per ostriceriam"[626].  It is not known from this document whether the heiress of William de Lund was his daughter or a more remote relation.  Henry III King of England issued an order relating to a claim by "Nicholaus de Limese et Margareta uxor eius, Dionisia et Florencia sorores ipsius Margarete" against "priorem de Bergeveni" dated [Aug] 1220[627].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1220, by "Nicholaus de Limesia et Margeria uxore sua et…sororibus uxoris sue" against "Johannem de Balun" who failed to appear[628].

 

 

 

LINCOLN

 

 

1.         COLSWEIN of Lincoln (-8 Jan ----).  The obituary of Lincoln Cathedral records the death “VI Id Jan” of “Colsuanus pater Picoti[629]m ---.  The name of Colswein’s wife is not known.  Colswein & his wife had one child: 

a)         PICOT [Ansfrid?] (-[24 Apr], after May 1111).  “Picotus filius Colwani Linc. cum uxore et quodam nepote…Ricardi et quadam nepte…Cecilia” donated revenue from "villa…Suttona et Luttona" to Spalding Monastery, in the presence of "ipso Pichoto uxore eius Beatrice…", by charter dated May 1111[630].  The obituary of Lincoln Cathedral records the death “VIII Kal Mai” of “Ansfridus qui cognominatur Picotus[631].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Lincoln ecclesiam sancti Petr” by “Picotus[632].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Lincolnia…et le Hevedland” by “Picotus filius Colsuanni[633]m BEATRICE, daughter of --- (-7 Mar ----, after May 1111).  “Picotus filius Colwani Linc. cum uxore et quodam nepote…Ricardi et quadam nepte…Cecilia” donated revenue from "villa…Suttona et Luttona" to Spalding Monastery, in the presence of "ipso Pichoto uxore eius Beatrice…", by charter dated May 1111[634].  The obituary of Lincoln Cathedral records the death “Non Mar” of “Beatrix uxor Picoti[635].  Picot & his wife had one child: 

i)          MURIEL .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated May 1111 which records that “Picotus filius Colwani Linc. cum uxore et quodam nepote…Ricardi et quadam nepte…Cecilia” donated revenue from "villa…Suttona et Luttona" to Spalding Monastery, in the presence of "ipso Pichoto uxore eius Beatrice…"[636].  Henry I King of England confirmed the possessions of Holy Trinity, Lessay, including the donations by "Robertus de Haia Ricardus et Eudonis nepos" [which appears to be garbled] with the advice of "Muriele uxoris sue et filiorum suorum Ricardi…Radulfi", by charter dated 1126[637].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessai, including donations by "Turstini Haldup et Eudonis filii eius" confirmed by "Roberti de Haia et Murielis uxoris sue et Richardi et Radulfi filiorum eorum", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][638]m [as his second wife,] ROBERT de la Haye, son of RANULF & his wife --- ([1075/80]-[1150]). 

 

 

1.         --- [de Lincoln] m ---, relative of Lucy (wife firstly of Ivo Taillebois).  According to a charter of Henri Duke of Normandy (later Henry II King of England) issued in favour of her son Ranulf Earl of Chester dated 1153, Ctss Lucy (wife firstly of Ivo Taillebois) was the niece of Robert Malet of Eye and of Alan de Lincoln (see below), as well as kinswoman of Thorold "the Sheriff"[639].  The precise family relationship is not known.  [One child]: 

a)         [ALAN de Lincoln (-[1129/30]).  "…Alan de Lincola…Turald Papelleon…" witnessed the charter dated to [1094] under which William II King of England notified an agreement between William Bishop of Durham and Robert Earl of Northumberland[640].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Alanus de Lincolnia" previously held property "in Catebi et in Kaillestorp…et in Wicham…in Kaillesterna…" in Lincolnshire and that "Ranulfus de Baiocis heres Alani de Lincolnia" granted part of it to "Rogero Punchardon" whose heirs still held it[641].]  m ---.  Alan & his wife had two children: 

i)          MARGARET de Lincoln .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the undated charter under which her son “Hugo de Bajocis, filius Randolphi de Bajocis” confirmed the donations to Newhouse abbey, Lincolnshire by "Randulphi patris mei et matris meæ Margaretæ", for the soul of "Alani de Lincolnia avi mei"[642].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rann Baioc" declaring returns for "filia Alani Linc" in Lincolnshire[643].  “Petrus de Golsa” founded Newhouse abbey, Lincolnshire, with the consent of "dominis meis Randulfo de Bajocis et uxore eius Margareta et filiis eorum Hugone et Alano", by charter dated to [1143/46], witnessed by "Acardo de Lincolnia…"[644].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Alanus de Lincolnia" previously held property "in Catebi et in Kaillestorp…et in Wicham…in Kaillesterna…" in Lincolnshire and that "Ranulfus de Baiocis heres Alani de Lincolnia" granted part of it to "Rogero Punchardon" whose heirs still held it[645].  m (before 1129) RANULF de Bayeux, son of --- (-1154). 

ii)         daughter .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Alan de Linc" returning for the dowry he gave to "Unfr de Albin cum filia sua" in Lincolnshire[646]m HUMPHREY de Albini, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         ALURED de Lincoln of Wareham, Dorset (-after 1129).  Domesday Book records “Alvred of Lincoln” holding land in Wymington in Bedfordshire; numerous properties in Lincolnshire[647]"…Alured of Lincoln…" witnessed the charter dated to [1086] which notified a plea held by William I King of England concerning "William de Braiose" and Fécamp abbey[648].  "…Alveradus de Lincoln…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Jan 1091 under which William II King of England confirmed the status of Bath abbey[649].  "…Aluuredi [de] Lincoln…" witnessed the charter dated to [1103/06] [marked "A forgery" in the compilation] under which Henry I King of England confirmed the status of Durham abbey[650].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Alur Linc" in Dorsetshire[651].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Alvredus senior de Lincolnia" used to hold five knights` fees from the abbot of Glastonbury in Somerset "tempore Regis Henrici" (presumably indicating King Henry I) and that "Alvredus" now held the same[652]m ---.  The name of Alured’s wife is not known.  She may have been MARGARET, daughter of --- (-10 Feb ----): The obituary of Lincoln Cathedral records the death “IV Id Feb” of “Margareta uxor Alueredi[653].  Alured & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         ROBERT FitzAlured (-after 1138).  "…Rotberti de Belmont, Rodulfi de Bec, Willelmi filii Girardi, Rogerii fratris Rodulfi, Gisleberti Crispini, Rotberti filii Alvuardi, Rotberti Marmion, Rodulfi Taisson, Rotberti Herneis, Ricardi de Baiocas…" witnessed the donation of "decimam Ansfredi Villæ" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen by "Gernagois et Albereda uxor eius, cum filiis suis Willelmo et Rotberto" by charter dated 1091[654].  "Robert de Lincolnia…my wife Benza and my son Alvred" donated "my land…Holne" to Montacute priory by undated charter[655]m BENZA, daughter of ---.  Domesday Descendants cites the Life of Wulfric of Haselbury which names "Benza" as the wife of Robert FitzAlured[656].  There is some possibility that she may have been the sister of Samson de Lincoln: the History of the foundation of Haselbury priory, Somerset records that Sampson de Lincolnia...avunculus Aluredi de Lincolnia” was “frater...uxoris Gulielmi domini de Haselberge[657].  This passage suggests that Samson may have been the maternal uncle of Alured de Lincoln, and maybe half-brother of the wife of William de Haselbury: if Samson had been Alured’s paternal uncle, there would seem no reason to mention him at all as William’s wife would have been Alured’s aunt.  "Robert de Lincolnia…my wife Benza and my son Alvred" donated "my land…Holne" to Montacute priory by undated charter[658].  Robert & his wife had [five] children: 

i)          ALURED de Lincoln (-1198).  "Robert de Lincolnia…my wife Benza and my son Alvred" donated "my land…Holne" to Montacute priory by undated charter[659]

-         see below

ii)         [ROBERT FitzAlured (-after 1167).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus filius Alvredi Camerarii, dimidiam marcam" in Northamptonshire in [1167/68][660].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Roberto filio Aluredi" in Oxfordshire[661].] 

iii)        ANDREW .  "Alvred de Lincoln" confirmed the donation of "the church and place of Holne" to Montacute priory made by "my father and Lady Benza my mother", for the soul of "my wife Albreda…my father Robert de Lincoln", by undated charter, witnessed by "Andrew my brother, Samson de Lincoln, Robert de Bosco, Robert de Antiochia, Peter my brother…"[662]

iv)       PETER .  "Alvred de Lincoln" confirmed the donation of "the church and place of Holne" to Montacute priory made by "my father and Lady Benza my mother", for the soul of "my wife Albreda…my father Robert de Lincoln", by undated charter, witnessed by "Andrew my brother, Samson de Lincoln, Robert de Bosco, Robert de Antiochia, Peter my brother…"[663]

v)        ALBREDA .  “Aluredus de Lincolnia…cum Albreda sorore mea facienda moniali” donated property to Clerkenwell St Mary’s by undated charter[664]

b)         RALPH FitzAlured (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rad fil Alur" in Wiltshire[665]

c)         [SAMSON de Lincoln (-after 1166).  The History of the foundation of Haselbury priory, Somerset records that Sampson de Lincolnia...avunculus Aluredi de Lincolnia” was “frater...uxoris Gulielmi domini de Haselberge[666].  This passage suggests that Samson may have been the maternal uncle of Alured de Lincoln, and maybe half-brother of the wife of William de Haselbury: if Samson had been Alured’s paternal uncle, there would seem no reason to mention him at all as William’s wife would have been Alured’s aunt.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Samson de Lincolnia" held one knight’s fee, and "ex novo feffamento…dimidium", from "Alvredi de Lincolnia" in Dorset[667].] 

 

 

ALURED de Lincoln, son of ROBERT FitzAlured & his wife Benza --- (-1198).  "Robert de Lincolnia…my wife Benza and my son Alvred" donated "my land…Holne" to Montacute priory by undated charter[668].  "Alvred de Lincoln" confirmed the donation of "the church and place of Holne" to Montacute priory made by "my father and Lady Benza my mother", for the soul of "my wife Albreda…my father Robert de Lincoln", by undated charter, witnessed by "Andrew my brother, Samson de Lincoln, Robert de Bosco, Robert de Antiochia, Peter my brother…"[669].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Alvredus senior de Lincolnia" used to hold five knights` fees from the abbot of Glastonbury in Somerset "tempore Regis Henrici" (presumably indicating King Henry I) and that "Alvredus" now held the same[670].  The document does not state that "Alvredus" was the son of "Alvredus senior", although entries in the same record in which a father/son relationship is proved by other sources suggest that this is probably correct.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Alvredus de Lincolnia" held one knight’s fee in Dorset from the abbot of Cerne unjustly claimed by "Jordanus", and also list the other knights` fees he held in Dorset[671].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Alvredo de Lincolnia v m" in Somerset in [1161/62] and in [1167/68][672].  “Aluredus de Lincolnia…cum Albreda sorore mea facienda moniali” donated property to Clerkenwell St Mary’s by undated charter[673].  "Edgar surnamed Aquilinus" donated rent to Montacute priory made, in the presence of "Sir Alvred de Lincoln the patron of Holne and of the lady Albereda his wife", by undated charter, witnessed by "Sir Alvred de Lincoln, the lady Albreda his wife, and his son Sir Alvred the younger…"[674].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Alvredus de Lincolnia" among those granted delay in payment "per brevia" in Dorset, Somerset[675]

m AUBREYE, daughter of ---.  "Alvred de Lincoln" confirmed the donation of "the church and place of Holne" to Montacute priory made by "my father and Lady Benza my mother", for the soul of "my wife Albreda…my father Robert de Lincoln", by undated charter[676].  "Edgar surnamed Aquilinus" donated rent to Montacute priory made, in the presence of "Sir Alvred de Lincoln the patron of Holne and of the lady Albereda his wife", by undated charter, witnessed by "Sir Alvred de Lincoln, the lady Albreda his wife, and his son Sir Alvred the younger…"[677].  A writ dated 8 Jun "48 Hen III", after the death of "Alfred de Lincoln", records that "Norton manor [Somerset] was given in free marriage with Aubrey, grandmother of the said Alfred"[678]

Alured & his wife had two children: 

1.         ALURED de Lincoln (-1240).  "Edgar surnamed Aquilinus" donated rent to Montacute priory made, in the presence of "Sir Alvred de Lincoln the patron of Holne and of the lady Albereda his wife", by undated charter, witnessed by "Sir Alvred de Lincoln, the lady Albreda his wife, and his son Sir Alvred the younger…"[679].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Alvredus de Lincolnia" holding 34 and a half knights’ fees in Dorset, Somerset in [1210/12][680]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  A writ dated 8 Jun "48 Hen III", after the death of "Alfred de Lincoln", records that "Celes [Zeals] manor [Wiltshire] was given in free marriage with Maud, mother of the said Alfred"[681].  Alured & his wife had four children: 

a)         ALURED de Lincoln (-before 8 Jun 1264).  A writ dated 8 Jun "48 Hen III", after the death of "Alfred de Lincoln", names "Robert son of Payn, son of Margery his eldest sister, Beatrice de Gouiz his second sister, and Albreda de Lincoln his youngest sister, all of full age, are his heirs"[682]m JOAN de Nichol, daughter of ---.  A writ dated 8 Jun "48 Hen III", after the death of "Alfred de Lincoln", records that "the wife of the said Alfred […Joan…Lady Joan de Nichole] shall have the manors of --- and Duntisse…Stafford [Dorset]"[683]

b)         MARJORY de Lincoln (-before 1264).  A writ dated 8 Jun "48 Hen III", after the death of "Alfred de Lincoln", names "Robert son of Payn, son of Margery his eldest sister, Beatrice de Gouiz his second sister, and Albreda de Lincoln his youngest sister, all of full age, are his heirs"[684]m PAYN, son of ---. 

c)         BEATRICE de Lincoln .  A writ dated 8 Jun "48 Hen III", after the death of "Alfred de Lincoln", names "Robert son of Payn, son of Margery his eldest sister, Beatrice de Gouiz his second sister, and Albreda de Lincoln his youngest sister, all of full age, are his heirs"[685]m WILLIAM de Govis, son of ---. 

d)         AUBREYE de Lincoln .  A writ dated 8 Jun "48 Hen III", after the death of "Alfred de Lincoln", names "Robert son of Payn, son of Margery his eldest sister, Beatrice de Gouiz his second sister, and Albreda de Lincoln his youngest sister, all of full age, are his heirs"[686]

2.         GEOFFREY

 

 

 

LISTON

 

 

This section, the Liston family who held the Grand Serjeancy of making the canestellos/wafers for the king’s coronation from before 1185 to after 1360, was researched and submitted to Medieval Lands in Nov 2019 by Mark Alliston. 

.

Located in north-west Essex on the banks of the river Stour just north of Sudbury, Liston was first recorded in the will of Ælfflæd daughter of Ælfgar of Devon and wife of Ealdorman Byrhtnoth of Essex (see the document ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY).  In her will dated to [1000/1002], Ælfflæd bequeathed “the land at Liston to Æthelmær my --- with meat and with men...[687].  Maybe this was Æthelmær the Stout, son of Æthelweard the Historian who wrote a latin version of the Anglo Saxon Chronicle at the request of Mathilde, abbess of Essen Abbey and granddaughter of Emperor Otto I and Eadgyth of Wessex.  Much of her estate was granted to Rouen Abbey by Edward the Confessor shortly after he succeeded to the throne[688].  At the time of Domesday, Liston was split into two manors, one in the hands of Hugh de Gournay who was tenant in chief in 1066, when the lord was Geoffrey Talbot.  The other manor was in the hands of Ilbod, brother of Arnoul de Hesdin.  Ilbod also held Barford in Oxfordshire, Donyland in Lexden Essex, Wickford in Barstable Essex and Witham in Essex, which he held with others under King William. 

 

Hugh de Gournay (d. 1093 on crusade) had a son Gerard whose eldest child was Amicia who married Richard Talbot, father of Geoffrey Talbot of Yorkshire.  This gives the possibility that when Gerard died, one Liston manor could have passed to the Talbots.  Geoffrey Talbot died in 1129 leaving a son Geoffrey by his wife Agnes.  There is some dispute about who Agnes was: David Crouch says she was probably a member of the Lacy family, The Complete Peerage stating that she was probably the daughter of Walter de Lacy.  Katherine Keats-Rohan suggests that she was the daughter of Helto (dapifer).  The younger Talbot sided with Matilda and was captured by King Stephen.  Little is known about Ilbod but it is known that his brother Arnoul married Emmeline widow of Walter de Lacy (see the document UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY D-K).  If Agnes was the daughter of Walter de Lacy, Arnoul de Hesdin would have been her stepfather and his son the brother-in-law of Geoffrey Talbot junior. When Arnoul’s son Arnoul was hanged by King Stephen, his lands could have passed to Geoffrey Talbot via his wife Agnes. This Geoffrey, also a strong supporter of the Empress Matilda, died around 1140 during the Anarchy. If Ilbod, Arnoul’s brother, had no issue his lands would also have passed to Geoffrey Talbot.  This could explain how the two manors of Liston were merged, presumably under Robert, father of Avicia (see below).  Another possibility is that the manor went to Arnoul’s daughter Adeline who was married to the High Stewart of Scotland, Walter Fitz Alan.

 

Much of the investigation into my research changed after a DNA test with FTDNA, my only confirmed match being a member of the Liston family from Edinburgh.  We are under SNP R-P312/S116 > Z40481 > ZZ11 > U152/S28 > L2/S139 > Z41150 > DF90, which indicates that  we share a common male ancestor from about 900 years ago[689].  The earliest known ancestor of the Scottish Liston family is Andrew Liston, c. 1714, of Leith, Edinburgh, Scotland who may be part of the Liston family mentioned in Hardy Bertram McCall’s book Memoirs of my Ancestors[690].  My descent comes from the line of Allistons at Bures St Mary where they lived from 1700 (my grandfather was born at Little Cornard just outside Sudbury about 6 miles from Liston), who probably descended from John Alliston of Ballyden (1680) just outside Sudbury, whose line can be traced through parish records to the marriage of John Alliston and Rachael Fyrmin in 1606 at Sudbury.  He was possibly a son of John Alliston and Joan Payne who married in Castle Hedingham in 1577 (St Nicholas parish records), although the 1578 parish birth records for St Nicholas, Castle Hedingham have “dest.” written on them indicating the descent is not proven[691].  The Alliston family are mentioned in land transactions around Castle Hedingham, and a “William Ellistoon” is mentioned in the will of the 13th Earl of Oxford, John de Vere[692].  “Lawrence Elliston” is mentioned in the will of the 15th and 16th Earls of Oxford and a “Lawrence Alston” is named in a letter from the 16th Earl granting him use of a manor in Cornwall[693].  Further reading on the Alliston/Elliston family, especially William, can be found in an article for the Victoria Genealogical Society by Gill Leslie[694].  Michael J. Wood also mentions the Ellistons of Castle Hedingham on the Ancestry of HRH The Duchess of Cornwall[695]

 
The earliest known record of the surname Liston is in Scotland where Roger de Liston was active with land transactions around St Andrews between 1178 and 1188
[696].  There seems to be a link between Liston-related names and St Andrews, as Simon de Liston was granted land by Bishop William Fraser of St Andrews in 1291[697] and Robert de Ayleston Archdeacon of Berkshire was proposed by King Edward III as Bishop of St Andrews. 

Godfrey the Chamberlain, named below, may have been Godfrey de Percy (clerk) who granted one ploughgate of land in Oxnam near Jedburgh to Whitby Abbey for the soul of Earl Henry[698].  Osbert chaplain of Oxnam witnessed a grant of land to Paisley Priory by Eschina, wife of Walter son of Alan [I] steward of the king of Scotland[699]  (see the document SCOTLAND KINGS).   Another name on the witness list is Eilaf, a name used by some of the hereditary priests of Hexham.  Near Oxnam, just south of Melrose is a small manor called Elliston which was held by an Eilaf.  The church at Kirkliston was built and dedicated to St Cuthbert on 11 Sep 1244 by David de Bernham.  Eilaf was one of the hereditary priests who was father of Ælred of Rievaulx who put forward King Henry II’s claim to the throne of England through St Margaret of Wessex.

 

 

1.         ILBOD, son of --- (-after 1086).  “Ilbodus fr Ernulf de Hesd” is named among landholders in Oxfordshire in Domesday Book[700].  Ilbod was named as a tenant at Liston, Essex in Domesday Book[701]

 

 

1.         GEOFFREY [I] Talbot, son of --- ([1050/65]?-before 1130).  Domesday Book records “Geoffrey Talbot” holding Liston in Essex from "Hugh de Gournai"[702].  “Gausfridus Talebotus et uxor eius Agnes” donated part “de terra Fenge” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “...Sibilla domini filia” [who has not yet been identified][703].  An undated charter records an agreement between the abbot of Colchester St John and “Gaufridum Talebot et uxorem eius Agnetem et filium eorundem Gaufridum Talebot”, with the consent of “Ricardo Lundoniensi episcopo” [therefore dated to before 1127], relating to “ecclesia de Turrituna[704].  He presumably died shortly before the 1129 Pipe Roll in which his son is recorded as making a fine for “terra patris sui” (see below).  m AGNES, daughter of --- (-after 1129).  “Gausfridus Talebotus et uxor eius Agnes” donated part “de terra Fenge” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “...Sibilla domini filia” [who has not yet been identified][705].  Keats-Rohan says that Agnes “used erroneously to be identified as a de Lacy” and that she was “possibly a daughter of Helto” (dapifer, recorded in Domesday Book as holding Swanscombe, Kent from Odo Bishop of Bayeux) but does not explain the reasoning, although in a later sentence she suggests that the connection between the Talbot and Lucy families would be explained if “Adeline or Adelisa, wife of Hugh de Lacy (d.a.1115), was the daughter of Geoffrey and Agnes[706].  An undated charter records an agreement between the abbot of Colchester St John and “Gaufridum Talebot et uxorem eius Agnetem et filium eorundem Gaufridum Talebot”, with the consent of “Ricardo Lundoniensi episcopo” [therefore dated to before 1127], relating to “ecclesia de Turrituna[707].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Agnes uxor Gaufr Talebot" in Kent in respect of "dote et maritag suo"[708].  Geoffrey [I] & his wife had one child:

a)         GEOFFREY [II] Talbot (-Hereford 22 Aug 1140, bur Gloucester).  An undated charter records an agreement between the abbot of Colchester St John and “Gaufridum Talebot et uxorem eius Agnetem et filium eorundem Gaufridum Talebot”, with the consent of “Ricardo Lundoniensi episcopo” [therefore dated to before 1127], relating to “ecclesia de Turrituna[709].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Gaufr Talebot" paying a fine in Kent for "terra patris sui"[710].  The Gesta Stephani Regis records the capture of "Galfridus…Taleboth, cognatusque illius Gislebertus de Laceio"[711].  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death "XI Kal Sep", dated to 1140, of "Galefridus Talebotus miles" and his burial "Glaornæ"[712].  "Walterus de Meduana" (married to Cecily, daughter of Sibylla de Lacy, possible cousin of Geoffrey [II] Talbot) confirmed to King Henry II that he held "in capite...xx milites" in Kent which “Galfridus Tallebot” had held on the death of King Henry I, dated 1166[713]

 

 

The connection between Robert de Liston and the earlier lords of Liston shown above has not been ascertained.  A possible connection through the Lacy family is discussed in the Introduction, but there is still a missing generation. 

 

1.         ROBERT de Liston ([before 1140]-before 1185).  He is named as father of Avice in the Rotuli de Dominabus entry quoted below.  No reference has yet been found to Robert in his own capacity.  His birth date is estimated from Avice’s suggested marriage date.  His name suggests that he held Liston in Essex.  m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         AVICE de Liston (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records "Avicia de Listone que fuit uxor Godefridi Camerarii et filia Roberti de Liston", her land "valet xl solidos...et est hereditas eius", having “i filium...xxi annorum[714]m ([before 1163]) GODFREY, son of --- (-before 1185). 

 

 

1.         GODFREY ([1130/40?]-before 1185).  Chamberlain [in Scotland?]: “...Godfrey, chamberlain...” witnessed the charter dated to [1157/9 Dec 1165] under which William brother of the king of Scotland confirmed donations to Jedburgh abbey made by William de Vieuxpont[715].  He is named as deceased in his wife’s entry in the Rotuli de Dominabus quoted below.  m ([before 1163]) AVICE de Liston, daughter of ROBERT de Liston & his wife --- (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records "Avicia de Listone que fuit uxor Godefridi Camerarii et filia Roberti de Liston", her land "valet xl solidos...et est hereditas eius", having “i filium...xxi annorum[716].  Godfrey & his wife had one child: 

a)         RANULPH [Ralph] FitzGodfrey ([1163/64]-[Acre] Jun 1191, bur Tripoli).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records "Avicia de Listone que fuit uxor Godefridi Camerarii et filia Roberti de Liston", her land "valet xl solidos...et est hereditas eius", having “i filium...xxi annorum[717], which is assumed to refer to Ranulph.  “...Radulfo filii Godefridi camerarii...” witnessed the charter dated 28 Jun 1190 under which Richard I King of England confirmed privileges of the citizens of Rouen[718].  Jailer of Isaac Emperor of Cyprus I: Benedict of Peterborough records the capture of Emperor Isaac and transfer to the custody of "Radulfo filio Godefridi, camerario suo", dated to late May/early Jun 1191 from the context[719].  Benedict of Peterborough records the death in Jun 1191 of "Radulfus filius Godefridi custos imperatoris de Cypra"[720].  Roger of Hoveden records the death in Jun 1191 of “Radulfus filius Godefridi, quem rex statuerat custodem imperatoris de Cypre” and his burial “apud Tripolim[721]

 

 

The chronology suggests that John [I] de Liston could have been the son of Ranulph FitzGodfrey but the primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified. 

 

1.         JOHN [I] de Liston (before 1192-).  He is named (presumably recently deceased) in relation to his unnamed heir in the [1212/17] source quoted below.  Assuming that his heir was his son, and assuming that the heir was the same person as Godfrey de Liston who is named below, John must have been before [1192] at the latest.  m ---.  The name of John’s wife is not known.  John [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         --- de Liston (-after [1212/17]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer lists "Hæres Johannis de Listone tenet per serjenteriam faciendi canestellos" in Essex, dated to [1212/17][722].  The Testa de Nevill also names "Heres Johannis de Liston" in Essex, undated[723].  The entries do not specify that the unnamed heir was the son of John de Liston, but the absence of his name suggests that he was a minor at the time and that the two could have been father and son. 

 

 

The chronology suggests that Godfrey de Liston could have been the unnamed heir of John [I] de Liston who was mentioned in the [1212/17] source quoted above but the primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.  Godfrey’s birth date is estimated from the birth date of his son John [II].  

 

1.         GODFREY de Liston ([1200/10]-before 18 Apr 1267).    [A charter dated Easter 1236 records a claim made by “Geoffrey de Liston” against “Robert de Sancto Claro” relating to the advowson of Liston church[724].  A charter dated Trinity 1237 [14 Jun] records a claim made by “Geoffrey de Liston” againsts “Roger Noel and Cristiana his wife” relating to rent of property “in Torendon[725].  It is unclear whether “Geoffrey de Liston” was the same person as “Godfrey de Liston”, but this seems likely considering the interchangeability of the names.]  “...Godfrey of Liston...” is named as one of the pledges for “William de Blavigny, Simon and Robert, his brothers” in Essex, dated May 1242[726].  King Henry III granted “the manor of Kempton” to “Godfrey of Liston” dated 8 Nov 1248[727].  Keeper of Windsor forest: a document dated 30 Sep 1249 names “Godfrey of Liston keeper of the...forest [of Windsor][728].  The Fine Rolls include other entries which name Godfrey de Liston dated between 1249 and 1253[729].  A document dated 30 Oct 1255 records the appointment of “Godfrey de Liston king’s serjeant to keep the castle guards and all other things belonging to the castle of Windesor...[730].  A document dated 1258 records the implication of “Godefridus de Lyston Ballivus Forestarii de Wyndesor” in a matter relating to Windsor forest[731].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 18 Apr "51 Hen III" after the death of "Godfrey de Liston” name “John his son aged 30 is his heir” and lists “Listone manor...Borle town...Corsfeld…Leitone[732]. Liston was held from the King, Borle town from the Earl of Albermarle, Gosfield from the Earl of Oxford and Leighton from Hugh Neville.   m ---.  The name of Godfrey’s wife is not known.  Godfrey & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOHN [II] de Liston ([1236/37]-before 28 Aug 1304).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 18 Apr "51 Hen III" after the death of "Godfrey de Liston” name “John his son aged 30 is his heir” and list “Listone manor...Borle town...Corsfeld…Leitone[733].   “...Sir John de Liston...” witnessed the enrolment of grant by “Thomas de Ispania” to “Sir Ralph de Hengham”, dated 12 Jul 1281[734].  “John de Liston and Helewisia his wife” were granted “the custody...of the manor of Weston in Foxhirde, late of William de Monte Caniso of Edwardeston...”, dated 1 Feb 1292[735].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 28 Aug "31 Edw I" after the death of "John de Lyston alias de Liston” name “John his son aged 25 and more is his heir” and list “Liston...Gosefeld[736].   m HELOISE, daughter of --- (-[1 Feb 1292/28 Aug 1304]).  “John de Liston and Helewisia his wife” were granted “the custody...of the manor of Weston in Foxhirde, late of William de Monte Caniso of Edwardeston...”, dated 1 Feb 1292[737].  She presumably predeceased her husband as she is not named in the inquisitions taken after his death.  John [II] & his wife had one child:

i)          JOHN [III] de Liston  (before 1279-before 17 Oct 1332)Inquisitions following a writ dated 28 Aug "31 Edw I" after the death of "John de Lyston alias de Liston” name “John his son aged 25 and more is his heir” and list “Liston...Gosefeld[738].  

-         see below

 

 

JOHN [III] de Liston, son of JOHN [II] de Liston & his wife Heloise --- (before 1279-before 17 Oct 1332)Inquisitions following a writ dated 28 Aug "31 Edw I" after the death of "John de Lyston alias de Liston” name “John his son aged 25 and more is his heir” and list “Liston...Gosefeld[739].   Inquisitions dated 12 Nov following a writ dated 17 Oct “6 Edw III” name “John his son aged 22 years and more is his next heir” (in the three first named properties) and list “Liston...manor with the advowson of the church…Foxherde...manor of Westonehall…Gosfeld…Rammesdenecreye...as of the inheritance of Eleanor his wife…Maldone a message held jointly by the said John, Eleanor his wife and Thomas their son[740].  Maybe the John De Lyston who is mentioned in the Inquisition of Jon Joyce “Christiana his wife, daughter of Sir John de Liston, knight.[741]

[m firstly ---.  Two of the deceased’s properties are named separately with his wife and a younger son in the inquisitions after the death of John [III] de Liston, which suggests that an otherwise unrecorded first wife was the mother of his son and heir John [IV].] 

m [secondly] ELEANOR, daughter of --- (-after 12 Nov 1332).  Inquisitions dated 12 Nov following a writ dated 17 Oct “6 Edw III” list “…Rammesdenecreye...as of the inheritance of Eleanor his wife…Maldone a message held jointly by the said John, Eleanor his wife and Thomas their son[742]

John [III] & his [first] wife had one child:

1.         JOHN [IV] de Liston (before 1310-[21/27] Jul 1350).   Inquisitions dated 12 Nov following a writ dated 17 Oct “6 Edw III” name “John his son aged 22 years and more is his next heir” (in the three first named properties) and list “Liston...manor with the advowson of the church…Foxherde...manor of Westonehall…Gosfeld…Rammesdenecreye...as of the inheritance of Eleanor his wife…Maldone a message held jointly by the said John, Eleanor his wife and Thomas their son[743].  “...Sir John de Liston...” witnessed the charter dated May 1347 under which “William de Polhey, son of Ranulph de Mervile” transferred land to “John son of Sir Robert de Burghcher[744].  8 Jul 1325 John de Liston complained to a commission led by John de Bousser, John Dyn and Robert de Asshele that John de Hokkewolde, William de Seintcler (Saintclaire) and others raided his manor of Liston damaging crops and took 10/- scutage that he had collected for the king to pay soldiers[745].  20 Mar 1327, John witnessed with Sir John Bourchier, Sir William Fitz Ralph, Sir Thomas de Loveigne and others an act of homage and fealty by Maud late the wife of John Botetourte to Robert de Veer, Earl of Oxford at Castle Hedingham[746].  In 1339, John was accused of the malversation of archers’ wages[747].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 13 Dec “23 Edw III” after the death of “John de Liston” (“died on Thursday after St Margaret [20 Jul] last”) name “John his son aged 15 years is his heir” and list “Liston…Gosfeld”, and note that “Walter de Rouhey and John Edward” gave “the manor of Gosfeld” to “John de Liston and Maud his wife, likewise deceased” by charter dated “15 Edw III” and “to the said John son of John” 20 Apr “24 Edw III[748]m (before 1336) MAUD, daughter of --- (-before 1350).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 13 Dec “23 Edw III” after the death of “John de Liston” note that “Walter de Rouhey and John Edward” gave “the manor of Gosfeld” to “John de Liston and Maud his wife, likewise deceased” by charter dated “15 Edw III” and “to the said John son of John” 20 Apr “24 Edw III[749].  John [IV] & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOHN [V] de Liston (2 Feb 1336-Normandy [25 Jan] 1360)Inquisitions following a writ dated 13 Dec “23 Edw III” after the death of “John de Liston” (“died on Thursday after St Margaret [20 Jul] last”) name “John his son aged 15 years is his heir[750].  An order dated 8 Jul 1350 restored “the manor of Gossefeld” to “John son of John de Liston[751].  A writ dated 10 Aug “31 Edw III” ordered the proof of age of “John son and heir of John de Liston...whose lands are in the custody of Thomas de Liston”, and inquisitions “Wednesday after the Assumption 31 Edward III” noted that “the said John was 21 years of age on the feast of the Purification last...born at Liston[752].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 20 Mar “33 Edw III” after the death of “John son of John de Liston” (died “in Normandy about the feast of the Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan] last”) name “William de Liston his uncle on the father’s side aged 30 years and more is his heir” and describe Liston manor[753].  John De Vere 7th Earl of Oxford died on the same date and as John held Gosfield ( see above)  from De Vere for a Knights fee, the deaths may be connected.

John [III] & his [second] wife had three children: 

2.         THOMAS de Liston (-[10 Aug 1357/1359]).  Inquisitions dated 12 Nov following a writ dated 17 Oct “6 Edw III” list “…Rammesdenecreye...as of the inheritance of Eleanor his wife…Maldone a message held jointly by the said John, Eleanor his wife and Thomas their son[754].  A writ dated 10 Aug “31 Edw III” ordered the proof of age of “John son and heir of John de Liston...whose lands are in the custody of Thomas de Liston[755].  Thomas presumably died before [25 Jan] 1360 when his supposed younger brother William is named as heir of their nephew John [V] de Liston. 

3.         WILLIAM de Liston ([before 1320]-[10 Feb 1361/14 May 1363]).  William’s parentage is confirmed by inquisitions following a writ dated 20 Mar “33 Edw III” after the death of [his nephew] “John son of John de Liston” name “William de Liston his uncle on the father’s side aged 30 years and more is his heir[756].  William’s birth from his father’s supposed second marriage is indicated by the 14 May 1363 of his son Thomas, quoted below, which refers to “Rammesdene Craye” which was recorded in 1332 as the property of his father’s second wife as shown above. There was a dispute with King Edward III over Rammesdene Craye which Thomas eventually sold to Thomas Tyrell. It is likely that William was younger than Thomas, otherwise he would presumably have been the joint holder of property with his mother in 1332.  The estimated birth date of his son Thomas suggests that William was born before 1320.  A letter of protection mentions Instructions dated 10 Feb 1361 relating to the dower of “Maud who was the wife of John de Veer earl of Oxford” record “the fourth part of one knight’s fee in Gosford held by William de Lyston (at 25s)[757].  The 14 May 1363 charter of his son Thomas, quoted below, suggests that William was deceased at the time.  [m firstly ---.  The inquisitions of William’s known wife Joan do not mention that his son Thomas was her son, suggesting that he may have been born from an earlier marriage.]  m [secondly] JOAN, daughter of --- (-19 Jun 1268).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 24 Sep “41 Edw III” after the death of “Joan late the wife of William de Lyston” (“she died on 19 June last”) record the manor of Liston “held for her life...the reversion belonged to Thomas son and heir of the said William...” and name “Thomas aforesaid aged 26 years and more is son and heir of the blood of the aforesaid Thomas [error for William]”[758].  William & his [first/second] wife had one child: 

a)         THOMAS de Liston (before 1342-after 14 May 1363).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 24 Sep “41 Edw III” after the death of “Joan late the wife of William de Lyston” (“she died on 19 June last”) record the manor of Liston “held for her life...the reversion belonged to Thomas son and heir of the said William...” and name “Thomas aforesaid aged 26 years and more is son and heir of the blood of the aforesaid Thomas [error for William]”[759].  “Thomas son of William de Lyston of Rammesdene Craye” assigned land to “Thomas Tyrell knight of Estthorndon”, with “the reversion of...land...held in the name of dower by Joan who was wife of the said William”, by charter dated 14 May 1363[760]

4.         ALICE de Liston ( [1320/25?]-).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by inquisitions into the proof of age of “Thomas son of John Baynard” taken “on the last day of February 33 Edw III”, “John de Naylingherst aged 44 years” said that he married “Alice daughter of John de Liston about Michaelmas in the king’s eleventh year[761].  The date of her marriage suggests Alice’s birth in [1320/25], which in turn suggests that she was born from her father’s second marriage.  m ([29 Sep] 1338) JOHN de Naylinghurst, son of --- ([1315/16]-after Feb 1360).  

 

 

No family relationship has been confirmed between the following family group and the main Liston family shown above.  If there was a connection, the record of Nigel de Liston as “clerk” suggests that he was a junior member of the family who had come down in the world.  The documents quoted below relate to Long Melford, Suffolk which lies on the opposite bank of the river Stour to Liston in Essex. 

 

1.         NIGEL de Liston .  He is named as “clerk” and father of Thomas in the three undated documents quoted below.  m ---.  The name of Nigel’s wife is not known.  Nigel & his wife had one child: 

a)         THOMAS de Liston .  An undated document records that “Henry son of William de Elmeswelle” granted “land called ‘Varelond’ in Meleford parish...” to “Thomas son of Nigel de Liston, clerk[762].  An undated document records that “Henry son of William de Elmeswelle” granted “land called ‘Varelond’ in Meleford parish...” to “Thomas son of Nigel de Liston, clerk, Alice his wife, and John and Simon their sons[763]m ALICE, daughter of ---.  An undated document records that “Henry son of William de Elmeswelle” granted “land called ‘Varelond’ in Meleford parish...” to “Thomas son of Nigel de Liston, clerk, Alice his wife, and John and Simon their sons[764].  An undated document records the “release by Alice, late the wife of Thomas, son of Negel de Liston, clerk” to “Sir William de Valence Earl of Pembroke” of her rights in lands “which he has by demise of the said Thomas in Melleford[765].  Thomas & his wife had two children: 

i)          JOHN de Liston .  An undated document records that “Henry son of William de Elmeswelle” granted “land called ‘Varelond’ in Meleford parish...” to “Thomas son of Nigel de Liston, clerk, Alice his wife, and John and Simon their sons[766]

ii)         SIMON de Liston .  An undated document records that “Henry son of William de Elmeswelle” granted “land called ‘Varelond’ in Meleford parish...” to “Thomas son of Nigel de Liston, clerk, Alice his wife, and John and Simon their sons[767].  Maybe he was the Simon de Liston who was rector at Bergh-Ampton in 1286[768], and possibly the Simon de Liston granted land in Scotland by Bishop William Fraser in 1292[769]

 

 

1.         ROBERT Liston (-[after 1444]).  A lease dated 1444 between Robert Liston and William Pye of Badyngham names “Robert Liston sen Esq. and Robert Liston jun. Esq.[770].  Records relating to the “Manor of Metton Parnowhall quondam Carbonells” name “Robert Lyston in 1434”[771].  Maybe bailiff of the Bishop of London in his manor of Bysshopeshalle in Chelmsford[772].  A deed dated 15 May 1441 names “Robert Liston and John Earl of Oxford”[773] amongst others.  m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  As noted below, it is possible that she was related to the Carbonell family.  Robert & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         ROBERT de Liston  (-before 1480).  In 1445, Robert Lyston bought land in Brendewode [near Chelmsford][774].  He died before 1480, as noted below under his wife.  The 1491 Inquisitions quoted below show Robert’s relationship with the Carbonell family.  The precise connection, either through Robert’s father or mother, has not been ascertained.  m ISABEL, daughter of --- (-before 29 Apr 1491).  Records relating to the “Manor of Metton Parnowhall quondam Carbonells” record “in 1480 Heveningham et al. conveyed it to Isabel widow of Robert Lyston, according to his will[775].  Inquisitions after the death of Isabel Lyston 29 Apr 1491 show that John Hevenyngham, knt., John Heydon of Bakensthorp, Roger Drury, esq., Edmund Kervyle, citizen and grocer of London, and John Norfolk of Denyngton granted the manor of Badyngham; state that Robert Lyston Esq was cousin and heir of the bodies of William Carbonell, Knt. and Margaret his wife with the remainder to the heirs of the body of the said William and Margaret Carbonell with the remainder to Alice Duchess of Suffolk and John Duke of Suffolk her son and heir, name the daughters of Robert and Isabel “Joan wife of Robert Trase,  Elizabeth wife of Leonard Hyde, esq., Margery wife of William London, citizen and mayor of Norwich, Thomesine wife of John Goldyngham, esq., Margaret wife of Edward Rous, gent. “ lists “Manor of Badyngham, manor of Benale[776].  Robert & his wife had five children (all named with their husbands in their mother’s Inquisitions, quoted above):

i)          JOAN Liston (-after 29 Apr 1491).  m ROBERT Trase, son of --- (-after 29 Apr 1491). 

ii)         ELIZABETH Liston (-after 29 Apr 1491).  m LEONARD Hyde, son of --- (-after 29 Apr 1491). 

iii)        MARGERY Liston (-after 29 Apr 1491).  m WILLIAM London, son of --- (-after 29 Apr 1491).  

iv)       THOMASINE Liston (-after 29 Apr 1491).  m JOHN Goldyngham, son of --- (-after 29 Apr 1491). 

v)        MARGARET Liston (-after 29 Apr 1491).  m EDWARD Rouse, son of --- (-after 29 Apr 1491).  

b)         [JOHN Liston (-after 1487).  His suggested parentage is indicated by an Inquisition into the death of Ralph Briston who held the manor of Metton for a knights fee from John Liston[777], with which John’s supposed brother’s wife Isabel also had a connection (see above)[778].] 

 

 

1.         JOHN Alston (-[before 3 Feb 1418]).  John is named as father of Robert in the source quoted below.  m ---.  The name of John’s wife is not known.  John & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT Alston (-after 6 Mar 1431).  A deed dated 3 Feb 1418 names “Robert Alston son of John Alston”, lists “lands called Legattes in Messyng” also names “Henry Prentys[779].  The close rolls 6 Mar 1431 record an order to the escheator of Essex to take fealty from Elizabeth late the wife of Lewis Robessart, listing “Messyng”, and naming “William Bourchier and Henry Bourchier, Knights” [whose family had been associated with the Liston family][780].  The document also names “William Savage”.  A land transaction in Chelmsford names “Robert Liston, William Savage and Thomas Prentys[781].   The witness list, coat of arms[782] and location provide an indication that Liston family and Alston family may be connected. 

 

 

 

MALET

 

 

Keats-Rohan records that the Malet family was established at Graville-Sainte-Honorine, now a suburb of Le Havre in the present-day French département of Seine-Inférieure, in the Pays de Caux in Normandy by the beginning of the 11th century and also held land near Caen[783].  The family’s importance in the area is gauged by their construction of a castle there in the early decades of the 11th century, one of only a small group built in the Pays de Caux before 1066[784].  The family holdings which are recorded in Domesday Book show that the participation of Guillaume Malet in the invasion of England was rewarded with extensive land in the north of Suffolk, which eventually formed the honour of Eye which passed to his son Robert [I]. 

 

 

1.         --- m [ESILIA, daughter of GILBERT Crispin & his wife Gunnora ---.  The De nobili genere Crispinorum names "Emmam, Petri de Condeto genetricem, atque Esiliam, matrem Willelmi Malet" as the two daughters of "Gislebertus…Crispini cognomen" and his wife[785].  However, the wife of her supposed son Guillaume Malet is recorded in a later primary source with the same name so it is possible that the De nobili genere confuses Guillaume’s mother with his wife.]  The Carmen de Hastingæ Prœlio by Guy d’Amiens records that "quidam partim Normannus et Anglus compatit/competit Heraldi" was charged with the temporary burial of the body of King Harold II after the battle of Hastings[786].  As noted below, Orderic Vitalis names Guillaume Malet as this person.  If the Carmen can be believed, the mother of Guillaume [I] Malet was therefore English.  From this information, Keats-Rohan conjectures that the father of Guillaume Malet may have been one of the men who accompanied Emma of Normandy to England in 1002 for her marriage to King Æthelred II, noting that it has been suggested that such men may have continued to hold land in England until 1066[787].  Brown suggests that the English origin of Guillaume’s mother is corroborated by the Domesday Book reference implying that Guillaume held Alkborough in Lincolnshire before the conquest (see below), by Guillaume’s son Robert [I] being described as "avunculus" of Lucy, mother of Ranulf Earl of Chester, who had English antecedents (also see below), and by Lucy’s first husband Ivo de Taillebois holding Alkborough in 1086[788].  One child: 

a)         GUILLAUME [I] Malet (-[Bec Abbey] before 1086).  Domesday Book records that "William Malet had 5 carucates of land to the geld" in Alkborough, Lincolnshire, and that "Ivo" (identified as Ivo Taillebois, first husband of Lucy, relative of the Malet family see below) was the current holder[789].  Brown indicates that the reference to assessment "to the geld" suggests that Guillaume may have been the holder of the land before the conquest[790].  A history of the Crispin family names "Esiliam matrem Willelmi Malet" as daughter of Gilbert Crespin, adding that Guillaume ended his life at Bec abbey[791].  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, names "Guillaume de Malet" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[792].  Orderic Vitalis names "Guillelmo agnomine Maleto" was charged with the temporary burial of the body of King Harold II on the shore after the battle of Hastings[793].  “…Willielmus Maleit…” witnessed the charter dated to [1067] under which William I King of England confirmed the privileges of Peterborough abbey[794].  Sheriff of York: Simeon of Durham records that "Willelmo Malet qui tunc vicecomitatum gerebat cum sua coniuge et duobus liberis" were made prisoner by the Danes after the capture of the city of York by King William’s forces, dated to 1069[795]Orderic Vitalis records that “Rodbertus Ricardi filius Eboracensis præsidii custos” was killed, that “Marius Suenus, Gaius Patricius, Edgarus Adelinus, Archillus et quatuor filii Karoli” attacked “munitionem regis in Eboraco”, and that “Willelmus cognomento Maletus, præses castrensis regi” announced to the king that he would be forced to withdraw unless reinforcements were sent, dated to 1069[796]The cartulary of Préaux Saint-Pierre includes a document which records that "William Maleth" approved a donation to the monastery by "a certain knight Ralf" and donated property at Butot-en-Caux "that he might be made a monk, which was done", and that "when William was dead, Robert his son" confirmed his father’s gift[797].  Freeman suggests that William Malet died on campaign in Ely, dated to [1070/71], on the basis of two passages in Domesday Book which record land held "in die quo pater R. Malet ivit in servitium Regis…ubi mortuus est" and "pater suus…tenuit quando ivit in maresc [marshland]" (in Happisburgh, Norfolk)[798].  Round suggests that the interpretation of the passage in question is too precise and in any case that the word "maresc" may in any case represent a mistranscription for "Eurvic", indicating York, which, if correct, would negate the theory entirely[799].  It appears that the most that can definitively be concluded from these passages is the Guillaume Malet died while on the king’s service, some time before 1086.  This conclusion appears to be contradicted by the history of the Crispin family which states that Guillaume ended his life at Bec abbey[800]m ESILIA, daughter of --- (-after 1086).  “Robertus Malet” founded Eye priory, for the souls of “patris mei Willelmi Malet et matris meæ Hesiliæ” who became a nun there, by undated charter dated to the reign of William I King of England[801].  Domesday Book records “Robert Malet’s mother” holding land from Robert Malet in Suffolk[802].  [same person as…?  ESILIA, daughter of GILBERT Crispin & his wife Gunnora ---.  The De nobili genere Crispinorum names "Emmam, Petri de Condeto genetricem, atque Esiliam, matrem Willelmi Malet" as the two daughters of "Gislebertus…Crispini cognomen" and his wife[803].  However, the wife of her supposed son Guillaume Malet is recorded in a later primary source with the same name so it is possible that the De nobili genere confuses Guillaume’s mother with his wife.]  Simeon of Durham records that "Willelmo Malet qui tunc vicecomitatum gerebat cum sua coniuge et duobus liberis" were made prisoner by the Danes after the capture of the city of York by King William’s forces, dated to 1069[804]Guillaume [I] & his wife had [five] children: 

i)          ROBERT [I] Malet of Eye (-after 13 Feb 1105).  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that King William I granted "honorem de Eya" to "Roberto Malet" but that King Henry I acquired the honour and held it for seven years before granting it to "comiti Stephano nepoti suo"[805].  “Robertus Malet” founded Eye priory, for the souls of “patris mei Willelmi Malet et matris meæ Hesiliæ” who became a nun there, by undated charter dated to the reign of William I King of England[806].  “…Roberti Malet…” witnessed the charter dated 1082 under which William I King of England granted land at Covenham to the church of St Calais[807].  Domesday Book records land held by “Robert Malet” in Sutton in Woking Hundred, Surrey; Bradmore and Ruddington in Nottinghamshire; numerous properties in Yorkshire, numerous properties in Norfolk, and in Suffolk[808].  “Beatrix soror Roberti Malet” donated property to Eye priory, for the souls of “fratrum meorum Roberti Maleth et Gilberti Malet”, by undated charter[809].  "…Robertus Maleth…Willielmus Malet…" subscribed a charter dated Sep 1101 under which Bishop Herbert donated property to Norwich priory[810].  "…Robert Malet camerarius…" witnessed the charter dated 13 Feb 1105 under which Henry I King of England confirmed donations to Cluny and Thetford made by Roger Bigod[811].  According to a charter of Henri Duke of Normandy (later Henry II King of England) issued in favour of her son Ranulf Earl of Chester dated 1153, Ctss Lucy was the niece of Robert Malet of Eye and of Alan of Lincoln, as well as kinswoman of Thorold "the Sheriff"[812].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus Malet" used to hold ten knights’ fees from the abbot of Glastonbury in Somerset "tempore Regis Henrici" (presumably indicating King Henry I) and that "Hubertus de Sancta Susanna" now held two of these and "Willelmus Malech" now held twelve[813].  "Hubertus de Sancta Susanna" has not been identified with certainty but the likelihood is that he was the son of Hubert de Beaumont, son of Hubert Vicomte de Maine and Ermengarde de Nevers, who is recorded as holding lands in England during the reign of King Henry I (see MAINE).  The fact that Hubert held two of the knights’ fees previously held by Robert Malet may indicate a family relationship, possibly that Hubert was the husband or son (the latter being more likely from a chronological point of view) of Robert’s daughter.  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Bec, including donations by "Roberti Malet", by charter dated to [1181/89][814]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  Brown records that Robert’s wife Matilda is named in a charter under which Robert granted lands in Bulmer and Little Belstead to Hugh of Goldingham, although pointing out the document is a later copy in France and appears spurious in its surviving form although the substance of the charter appears genuine enough[815].  Robert [I] & his wife had [two children]: 

(a)       [WILLIAM [II] Malet (-after [1117/21]).  "…Robertus Maleth…Willielmus Malet…" subscribed a charter dated Sep 1101 under which Bishop Herbert donated property to Norwich priory[816].  Brown suggests that William [II] Malet was the brother of Robert [I] Malet and therefore the son of Guillaume [I] Malet[817].  Keats-Rohan says that "this idea must be firmly rejected" as "all the evidence for this William belongs to the period 1100 to [1121], whereas Robert [I] was of age by 1066"[818].] 

-         see below

(b)       [ROBERT [III] Malet (-[before 1117]).  Robert Malet donated a mill "in Maisnillo Goscelini" {Mesnil-Joscelin} to Bec, with the consent of Gilbert Crespin, by charter dated to before 1077, and William Malet donated "terram…Maisnillum Joscelini" to Bec for "filio suo Willelmo qui factus est monachus Becci", for the souls of "patris et matris suæ et fratris sui Roberti", by charter dated 1117[819].  The wording of this extract suggests that Robert [III] was deceased at the time.] 

ii)         GILBERT Malet .  “Beatrix soror Roberti Malet” donated property to Eye priory, for the souls of “fratrum meorum Roberti Maleth et Gilberti Malet”, by undated charter[820].  Ancestor of the Malet family of Curry Malet, and Enmore, Somerset, and the Baronets Malet[821]

iii)        BEATRIX Malet .  “Beatrix soror Roberti Malet” donated property to Eye priory, for the souls of “fratrum meorum Roberti Maleth et Gilberti Malet”, by undated charter[822].  Brown indicates that Beatrix donated Redlingfield to Eye by undated charter which confirms her as husband of "William vicomte of Arques"[823].  “Willielmus de Abrincis miles dominus de Folkestan” confirmed donations to Folkestone priory, including the donations made by "Beatrix post mortem domini sui Willielmi de Archis" of "terram dotis suæ de Newenton" by undated charter[824]m (before 1086) GUILLAUME Vicomte d’Arques, son of GODEFROI Giffard Vicomte d’Arques & his wife --- de Rouen (-[1090]). 

iv)       [two children (-after 1069).  Simeon of Durham records that "Willelmo Malet qui tunc vicecomitatum gerebat cum sua coniuge et duobus liberis" were made prisoner by the Danes after the capture of the city of York by King William’s forces, dated to 1069[825].  Presumably the children in question were still young as they were living with their parents.  It is not known whether these children were the same as those who are named above, although it is unlikely that Guillaume’s son Robert was one of the captured children as the chronology suggests that he must have been adult at the time.] 

 

 

1.         DURAND Malet (-after 1086).  Domesday Book records that "Durand holds…from Robert Malet" Cransford, Plumesgate Hundred, Suffolk[826].  Domesday Book records “Durand Malet” holding Burton on the Wolds and land in Wymeswold in Leicestershire; Owthorpe in Nottinghamshire; several properties in Lincolnshire[827]

 

2.         THURSTAN Malet .  "Turstin Malet" witnessed a grant to Sainte-Trinité de Caen made by "Papillon" by charter dated to before 1082[828].  "Turstin Malet" witnessed a grant to Saint-Etienne de Caen made by Humphrey d’Adeville by charter dated to early 12th century[829]

 

3.         THOROLD "Papillon" .  "Turstin Malet" witnessed a grant to Sainte-Trinité de Caen made by "Papillon" by charter dated to before 1082[830]"…Alan de Lincola…Turald Papelleon…" witnessed the charter dated to [1094] under which William II King of England notified an agreement between William Bishop of Durham and Robert Earl of Northumberland[831].  According to Keats-Rohan, "Turold Papillon" was the son of Thurstan Malet but she does not cite the primary source on which this statement is based[832]

 

 

1.         ROBERT [II] Malet .  Keats-Rohan suggests that Robert [II] Malet was the same person as Robert [I] Malet[833]Richard I King of England confirmed donations to the abbey of Saint-Taurin, Evreux, including donations made by "Robert Malet and Emelina his wife", by charter dated 15 Jan 1195[834]m EMMELINE, daughter of ---.  Richard I King of England confirmed donations to the abbey of Saint-Taurin, Evreux, including donations made by "Robert Malet and Emelina his wife", by charter dated 15 Jan 1195[835].  Robert & his wife had children: 

a)         HUGH Malet .  Keats-Rohan records that a document related to the charter dated 15 Jan 1195 quoted above records that Robert Malet donated additional land to enable his son Hugh to become a monk at the monastery[836]

 

2.         IVO Maletm MARGARET, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son "Hugo Malet" donated "dominium meum in Rouuelle", held by "pater meus Ivo Malet…matre mea Margareta"[837].  Ivo & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGH Malet (-after 1147).  "Hugo Malet" donated "dominium meum in Rouuelle", held by "pater meus Ivo Malet…matre mea Margareta", by undated charter, dated to [1092/1123] or [1147/68][838]same person as…?  HUGH Malet (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Hugo Malet" held seven knights’ fees "ex baronia Willelmi Meschin ex parte matris suæ" from "Willelmi de Curcy dapiferi" in Somerset[839]same person as...?  HUGH Maletm LESCELINE, daughter of --- (-24 Aug ----).  The obituary of Lincoln Cathedral records the death “IX Kal Sep” of “Licellina uxor Hugonis Malet[840]

 

3.         HERVE Malet (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record "Urveius Malet" holding one and one half knights’ fees in the honour of Wallingford in Berkshire[841]

 

 

Relatives of the Malet family, the exact connections have not yet been established: 

1.         [--- .  According to a charter of Henri Duke of Normandy (later Henry II King of England) issued in favour of her son Ranulf Earl of Chester dated 1153, Ctss Lucy was the niece of Robert [I] Malet of Eye and of Alan of Lincoln: "H. dux Norm. et comes And." granted land to "Ranulfo comiti Cestrie", including "totum honorem de Eia sicut Robertus Malet avunculus matris sue" had held and "foeudum Alani de Lincol…qui fuit avunculus matris sue", by charter dated to [Jan/Apr] 1153[842].  The precise relationships between all these individuals has not yet been ascertained.  m [--- de Lincoln, son of ---].] 

2.         [--- .  m ---.]  [Three] children: 

a)         THOROLD de Bukenhale (-after [1076/79]).  Sheriff of Lincolnshire.  The Annals of Peterborough record that “Thoroldus vicecomes et frater germanus Godivæ comitissæ Leycestriæ” founded Spalding Monastery in 1052[843].  “Thoroldus de Bukenhale…vicecomiti” donated Spalding monastery to Croyland abbey which names “domino meo Leofrico comite Leicestriæ et…comitissa sua domina Godiva sorore mea…et cognati mei comitis Algari primogeniti et hæredis eorum[844].  Herman’s De miraculis sancti Eadmundi names “…Lincolniensis Turoldus…” among those present when Herfast Bishop of Thetford visited Baldwin Abbot of St Edmund’s to be cured of an injury to his eye, dated to [1076/79] by Round[845]

b)         GODGIFU (-after [1054/57]).  She is named as wife of Earl Leofric by Florence of Worcester, who specifies that she and her husband founded monasteries at Leominster, Wenlock, Chester and Stowe[846].  The Annals of Peterborough record that “Thoroldus vicecomes et frater germanus Godivæ comitissæ Leycestriæ” founded Spalding Monastery in 1052[847].  Her family origin is also indicated by the undated charter under which “Thoroldus de Bukenhale…vicecomiti” donated Spalding monastery to Croyland abbey which names “domino meo Leofrico comite Leicestriæ et…comitissa sua domina Godiva sorore mea…et cognati mei comitis Algari primogeniti et hæredis eorum[848].  The De Gestis Herwardi Saxonis names "Aediva trinepta Oslaci ducis" as wife of "Lefricus de Brunne, nepos comitis Radulfi cognominati Scalre", when recording that they were parents of "Herwardus"[849].  "Oslaci ducis" could be "Oslac" recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as "earl [of Northumbria]" in 966[850], but any precise relationship has not been identified.  ”Leofricus comes…et conjux mea Godgyve” donated property to Evesham Monastery by undated charter which names “frater meus Normannus[851].  Godgifu wife of Leofric granted property to St Mary's, Stow by charter dated [1054/57][852].  Orderic Vitalis records that “Elfgarus comes” had founded “Coventrense cœnobium” and that “Godiova...comitissa” donated “omnem thesaurum suum” to the church[853].  She was the Lady Godiva of legend.  m LEOFRIC Earl of Mercia, son of LEOFWINE Ealdorman of the Hwicce in Mercia (-Bromley 30 Oct 1057, bur Coventry). 

c)         [daughter .  The source quoted below which names Thorold as "avunculus" of Lucy suggests that he was her maternal uncle, assuming that the word was used in its strict sense (which cannot be beyond doubt).  m ---.  It is unlikely that the sources quoted below, which name Lucy as daughter of "Algari comitis Leicestriæ", are reliable.  It is assumed that they all refer to Ælfgar Earl of Mercia (see ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY), which would mean that Lucy was the sister of Earls Edwin and Morcar.  However, such a relationship appears chronologically impossible, even if Lucy was born very late in the life of Earl Ælfgar (whose death is dated to 1062), considering that she apparently had four children by her third husband who she married in 1098.]  One child: 

i)          LUCY (-1138, bur Spalding).  According to a charter of Henri Duke of Normandy (later Henry II King of England) issued in favour of her son Ranulf Earl of Chester dated 1153, Ctss Lucy was the niece of Robert [I] Malet of Eye and of Alan of Lincoln: "H. dux Norm. et comes And." granted land to "Ranulfo comiti Cestrie", including "totum honorem de Eia sicut Robertus Malet avunculus matris sue" had held and "foeudum Alani de Lincol…qui fuit avunculus matris sue", by charter dated to [Jan/Apr] 1153[854].  The precise relationships between all these individuals has not yet been ascertained.  Domesday Descendants suggests that Thorold was her father[855].  Keats-Rohan expands her arguments in another article, based primarily on the presence of both Thorold and his wife as "antecessores" of Lucy and her first husband in the charter under which the couple donated Spalding monastery to the church of Saint-Nicholas, Anjou (see below)[856].  The Complete Peerage also discusses whether Thorold could have been Lucy’s father and that her mother could have been the daughter of Guillaume [I] Malet[857].  An alternative origin is suggested by Ingulph's potentially spurious Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland, which records that William I King of England arranged the marriage of "Ivo Taillebois" and "Lucia sister of Edwin and Morcar", her dowry consisting of their land at Hoyland[858].  The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery also names “Luciam postea comitissam” as daughter of “Algarus tertius”, adding that she married firstly “Yvoni Taylboys” by whom she was childless, secondly “Rogero filio Geroldi Romara”, thirdly “Ranulfo comiti Cestriæ”, and was buried “apud Spalding[859].  The Chronicon Angliæ Petriburgense records "Luciæ comitissæ…filiæ Algari comitis Leicestriæ" as husband of "Ivo Tailbois comes Andegavensis, dominus Spaldingiæ et totius Hollandiæ" and "Toraldus avunculus eiusdem Luciæ"[860].  Lastly, the Annals of Peterborough name “Yvo Taylboys, comes Andegavensis, dominus Spaldynge et totius Holandiæ…maritus Luciæ, filiæ Algari comitis Leicestriæ” and "Toraldus avunculus…Luciæ" when recording his donation to Spalding Monastery in 1074[861].  This relationship with Earls Edwin and Morcar appears impossible from a chronological point of view, in particular because Lucy gave birth to children by her third husband at a time when she would have been over fifty if she has been their sister.  It also seems unlikely that their sister would have been given a name derived from the Romance languages.  “Ivo Taleboys” donated Spalding Monastery to the church of Saint-Nicholas Anjou, for “conjugis suæ Luciæ et antecessorum Toraldi, scilicet uxoris eius, requie” by undated charter[862].  Peter of Blois's Continuation of the Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records the death of Ivo and his burial at the priory of Spalding, and the remarriage of his widow "hardly had one month elapsed after his death" with "Roger de Romar the son Gerald de Romar"[863].  A manuscript recording the foundation of Spalding monastery records that “Yvo Talboys” married "Thoroldo…hærede Lucia" who, after the death of Ivo, married (in turn) "Rogerum filium Geroldi" and "comitem Cestriæ Ranulphum"[864].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "his wife the lady Lucia" married "Roger de Romar the son of Gerald de Romar" when "hardly had one month elapsed after the death" of her first husband "Ivo Taillebois"[865].  She is named as wife of Ranulf by Orderic Vitalis, who also names her first husband, but does not state her origin[866].  “Ranulfus Meschinus Richerio Vicecomiti Karlioli” donated property for the foundation of Wetherhal priory, Cumberland, for the souls of “…mea et uxoris meæ Luciæ…”, by undated charter[867].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Lucia comitissa Cestr…tra patis sui" in Lincolnshire[868].  “Lucia cometissa” donated “manerium de Spallingis...cum quibus melius tenui et liberalius tempore Ivonis de Thallebos et Rogeri filii Geroldi et cometis Rannulfi” by charter dated to [1135][869]m firstly IVO Taillebois [I] Lord of Kendal, son of --- (-after 1094, bur Spalding).  “Ivo Talliebois” donated property to St Mary, York, for the soul of “uxoris meæ Luciæ”, by undated charter witnessed by “Lucia uxore mea, Ribaldo genero meo, Radulpho Taillebois…[870]m secondly (after 1094) ROGER FitzGerold, son of GEROLD "Miles Christi" Châtelain de Neufmarché & his wife Aubreye (-[1096/98]).  m thirdly (1098) RANULF "Meschin" Vicomte du Bessin, son of RANULF Vicomte du Bessin [Bayeux] & his wife Marguerite [Maud] d'Avranches (-17 or 27 Jan 1129, bur Chester, Abbey of St Werburgh).  He was appointed Vicomte d'Avranches in 1120 and Earl of Chester. 

 

 

WILLIAM [II] Malet, son of [ROBERT [I] Mallet & his wife Matilda ---] (-after [1117/21]).  "…Robertus Maleth…Willielmus Malet…" subscribed a charter dated Sep 1101 under which Bishop Herbert donated property to Norwich priory[871].  Brown suggests that William [II] Malet was the brother of Robert [I] Malet and therefore the son of Guillaume [I] Malet[872].  Keats-Rohan says that "this idea must be firmly rejected" as "all the evidence for this William belongs to the period 1100 to [1121], whereas Robert [I] was of age by 1066"[873].  The Annals of Waverley record that “Philippus de Brausa et Willelmus Malet et Willelmus Barnard et Helias comes Cenomanniæ” were deprived of their lands in 1110[874].  Brown records that Robert Malet donated a mill in Mesnil-Joscelin to Bec, with the consent of Gilbert Crespin, by charter dated to before 1077, that William Malet donated land at Mesnil-Joscelin to Bec with his son William who was to become a monk, for the souls of his unnamed parents and his brother Robert, by charter dated 1117[875]

m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  Domesday Descendants names "Oliva de Tancarville, daughter of Rabel and Theophania de Richmond" as the wife of William [II] Malet[876].  If this is correct, she was Olive de Tancarville, daughter of Rabel de Tancarville & his first wife Thiphaine de Penthièvre.  However, the chronology for this marriage is not ideal.  The birth of Olive’s maternal grandfather is estimated to [1058/62].  His daughter was therefore probably born in [1080/1100], and Olive in [1095/1115].  On the other hand, William [II] Malet is first named in a charter dated Sep 1101 when he was presumably already adult, and no mention of him has been found after [1117/21].  Stapleton suggests that Olive may have been the mother of Guillaume [III] Malet de Graville (see NORMANDY NOBILITY-ARQUES, AUMÂLE, CAUX), leaving open the identification of her husband, which appears to provide a better chronological fit[877]

William [II] & his wife had one child: 

1.         WILLIAM Malet (-after 1117).  Brown records that Robert Malet donated a mill in Mesnil-Joscelin to Bec, with the consent of Gilbert Crespin, by charter dated to before 1077, that William Malet donated land at Mesnil-Joscelin to Bec with his son William who was to become a monk, for the souls of his unnamed parents and his brother Robert, by charter dated 1117[878].  The Chronicon Becense records that a gift of land at Mesnil-Joscelin was made by William [III] Malet in 1117 and confirmed by "Henricus primus rex Anglie…et Willelmus pater prefati Willelmi"[879].  King Henry I confirmed the donation of Conteville to Bec made by "William Malet" by charter dated 1121[880]

 

 

MALET of GRAVILLE (NORMANDY)

 

 

see the document NORMANDY NOBILITY-ARQUES, AUMÂLE; CAUX. 

 

 

MALET of SOMERSET

 

 

1.         WILLIAM Malet (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo Maled" in Hampshire[881]

 

2.         ROBERT [III] Malet (-[before 1155]).  Robert [III] Malet may have been the same person as Robert [II] Malet who is shown in Part A of the present chapter.  The 1130 Pipe Roll accounts for land in Oxfordshire "p recto de terra de Warministra de Rob Malet"[882].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus Malet" used to hold ten knights’ fees from the abbot of Glastonbury in Somerset "tempore Regis Henrici" (presumably indicating King Henry I) and that "Hubertus de Sancta Susanna" now held two of these and "Willelmus Malech" now held twelve, another section recording the knights’ fees held from "Willelmi Malech" in Somerset[883]

 

3.         WILLIAM Malet (-1169).  According to Domesday Descendants, William was the son of Robert [III] Malet (see above)[884].  A close relationship is indicated by the Red Book of the Exchequer entry which indicates that William had succeeded Robert in landholdings, but they could have been brothers or father and son.  Steward of Henry II King of England.  The 1155 Pipe Roll records "Willo Malet" in Somerset, Dorset and Wiltshire[885].  The 1156 Pipe Roll records "Willo Malet" in Kent[886].  The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Will. Maled" in Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire, and in Northamptonshire, both under "Nova Placita & Noue Conuentiones"[887].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmo Malet viii l" in Somerset in [1161/62][888].  It is not certain that all these entries refer to the same person.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus Malet" used to hold ten knights’ fees from the abbot of Glastonbury in Somerset "tempore Regis Henrici" (presumably indicating King Henry I) and that "Hubertus de Sancta Susanna" now held two of these and "Willelmus Malech" now held twelve, another section recording the knights’ fees held from "Willelmi Malech" in Somerset[889].  "Roberto …Willelmo Malet dapifero…" subscribed the charter dated 1168 under which Henry II King of England confirmed the property "in manerio de Hinton" of "Roberto de Basoges" granted to him by "comes Conanus"[890]m firstly ---.  The name of William’s first wife is not known.  The fact of this first marriage is confirmed by the marriage of William’s son Gilbert with the sister of William’s own second wife.  m secondly (1165 or before) as her first husband, EUGENIA Picot, daughter of RALPH Picot & his wife --- ([1154/55]-after 1194).  She married secondly Thomas FitzBernard.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Ewgenia Picot…filia Radulfi Picot de Kancia et uxor Thome filii Bernardi…xxx annorum”, her property “in hundredo de Redefeld…de feodo Gileberti Malet" given to her by "Willelmus Malet…in dotem”, adding that she had three sons, aged 10, 8 and 3, and one daughter, given by "Dominus Rex, filio Johannis de Bidun", by her second husband[891].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Eugenia Picot x s" in Kent in [1186/87][892].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Eugenia Pikot…pro custodia Johannis f sue et terre sue" in Kent[893].  William & his first wife had [two] children: 

a)         GILBERT Malet (-1194).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   m ALICE Picot, daughter of RALPH Picot & his wife ---.  Salzman records her parentage and marriage[894].   Gilbert & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM Malet (-before 20 Dec 1215).  "…Willelmo Malet…" subscribed the charter dated to [1172/89] under which Henry II King of England confirmed the prebends of Saint-Nicolas de Bayeux[895].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Willelmus Malet de Gerardville" paying "x s, i militem" in Essex, Hertfordshire[896].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Willelmus Malet" being granted delay to pay "per brevia" in Essex, Herefordshire[897].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Willelmus Malet" among those granted delay in payment "per brevia" in Dorset, Somerset[898].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus de Malet" holding one knight’s fee in "Fineberge" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1210/12][899].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus Malet" holding one half of one knight’s fee "in Aldeham" and one "in Lullingestone" in Kent in [1210/12][900].  King John granted "totam terram que fuit Willelmi Malet" to "Hug de Vivon" by order dated 20 Dec 1215[901].  [m firstly ---.  The dates of the first marriages of William Malet’s daughters, together with the fact that his known wife Alice Basset had three children by her third husband, suggests that William’s two daughters may have been born from an otherwise unrecorded first marriage.]  m [secondly] as her first husband, ALICE Basset, daughter of THOMAS Basset [II] of Headington & his wife Philippa Malbank (-[1263]).  She married secondly (before 1221, annulled) H--- de Chaceporc, and thirdly (1223 or before) John Bisset.  William & his [first] wife had two children: 

(a)       MABEL Malet .  Her second marriage is confirmed by an order dated 18 Nov 1223 placing "in respite…the demand…from Hugh de Vivonne…for the debt that William Malet, father of the wife of Vivon, owed the king"[902]m firstly NICHOLAS Avenell, son of --- (-[1221/22]).  m secondly (before 18 Nov 1223) HUGUES de Vivonne, son of --- (-1249). 

(b)       HAWISE Malet .  Henry III King of England made an order related to property "apud Exoniam" of "Hawisie que fuit uxor Hugonis Poinz", which she received from "Willelmi Malet patris vestri", dated 26 Aug 1220[903]m firstly HUGH Poinz, son of --- (-before 26 Aug 1220).  m secondly ROBERT de Mucegros, son of ---. 

b)         [BALDWIN Malet (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Baldewinus Malet" held two knights’ fees and three parts from "Willelmi Malech" [Malet] in Somerset[904].] 

 

 

1.         ROBERT Malet (-after 10 Mar 1216).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus Malet" holding one quarter of one knight’s fee "in Stanpelte" in Kent in [1210/12][905].  "Robertus Malet" paid a fine for returning to the king’s service, security given by "Falkes de Breaut", dated 10 Mar 1216[906]

 

2.         RALPH Malet (-after 1212).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Radulfus Malet" holding "viii l in Norcure…de dominico Rege" in Dorset, Somerset in [1210/12][907].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Radulfus Malet" held "viii libratas terre in [manerio] de Wuttheham de dono Henrici Regis, patris Johannis Regis [per servicium]…quod facit Willelmo Malet" in Somerset[908].  

 

 

 

MAMINOT

 

 

The list of fees held from the church of Bayeux in 1133 includes “feodum Maminoth est feodum quinque militum in Surrehain et Bazenville et apud Filgerias juxta Nulleyum et apud Taun et apud Noers et apud Froigneium juxta Laceyum[909]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Courbépine .  Orderic Vitalis names "Roberti de Curvaspina" when recording his son’s election as bishop of Lisieux[910]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         GILBERT Maminot (-Aug 1101).  "…Gilbert Maminot…" witnessed the charter dated Apr 1067 under which William I King of England donated the church of Saint-Jacques de Beuvron to Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire[911].  Bishop of Lisieux: Orderic Vitalis records that "Gislebertus cognomento Maminotus, regis archiater et capellanus…filius Roberti de Curvaspina" was elected bishop of Lisieux and held the position for 23 years, dated to 1077[912].  Domesday Book records that “Gilbert Maminot” held Cudhamin and Keston, in Helmestrei Hundred of the bishop of Bayeux in Kent, Leckhampstead in Stotfold Hundred from the same bishop in Buckinghamshire[913].  Orderic Vitalis records the death of "Gislebertus senex cognomento Maminotus, Luxoviensis episcopus", dated to 1101[914]

b)         [RALPH de Courbépine (-after 1086).  The Domesday book records "Berfrestone" {Barfreston, Kent}, "Berlinge" {Birling, Kent}, Burham {Burham, Kent}, houses in Canterbury, "Colret" {Coldred, Kent}, and "Danetone" {Denton near Barham, Kent}, held by "Ralph de Courbepine"[915].  The Domesday book records "Fereburne" {Fairbourne, Kent}, held by "Ralph de Courbepine"[916].  The Domesday book records "Piventone" {Pivington, Kent}, "Turneham" {Thurnham, Kent}, and Walwalesere {Waldershare, Kent}, held by "Ralph de Courbepine"[917].] 

 

 

1.         HUGH Maminot (-before 1130).  Domesday Book records “Hugh Maminot” holding Rodmarton, Lasborough and Little Sodbury in Gloucestershire of Gilbert Bishop of Lisieux[918].  Eyton calls "Emma Peverel supposed wife of Hugh Maminot" parents of Walkelin Maminot but does not cite the primary source which confirms their names[919].  His name is confirmed by an undated charter which records donations to Rochester, including the donation of “decimam de Bertrea” made by “Hugo pater Walkelini Maminot[920]m [EMMA] Peverel], daughter of --- (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Emme Maminet" in Kent[921].  Her relationship to William Peverel (presumably William Peverel of Dover) is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son "Walchelinus Maminot" restored “terram de Lega” (near Ellesmere), unjustly taken by “avunculus meus Willielmus Peverel”, to Shrewsbury abbey[922].  Hugh & his wife had three children: 

a)         WALKELIN Maminot (-[1155/57]).  "…Waucelinus Mamot…" witnessed the charter of Ramsey abbey dated to [1133/37] which records that "Walterus de Bolebeche…Heylenius uxor sua et Hugo filius suus" donated "terram de Waltone"[923].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Gualchelinus…cognomento Maminot" held Dover in a rebellion against King Stephen, dated to 1138, but later made peace[924].  "Walchelinus Maminot" restored “terram de Lega” (near Ellesmere), unjustly taken by “avunculus meus Willielmus Peverel”, to Shrewsbury abbey by undated charter[925].  "Walch Maminot" witnessed the charter dated to [May/Jun] 1141 under which Empress Matilda granted land to Miles of Gloucester which had belonged to "Gregorii Dapiferi" at Westminster[926].  "Walkelinus Maminot" donated Bradford mill to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1141/48], witnessed by "Rogerio filio Warini et Fulcone fratre suo, Stephano de Haia et Michaele fratre suo", and "Willielmus Peverel de Dovera" also donated Bradford mill, donated by "dominus Walchelinus Maminot" for the soul of "Rogeri de Haia", witnessed by "…Matilla mea conjuge, Matilla de Dovera mea sorore, Acelina mea sorore…"[927].  "Walchelinus Maminot…" witnessed the undated charter under which “Willielmus Peverellus de Douria” donated property “Wlurunton, Einardeseiam, Crugelton” granted to him by “Hamo Peverell patruus meus” to Shrewsbury abbey[928].  "Walcheline Maminoht" exchanged land with the abbot of Shrewsbury by charter dated to [1136/41], witnessed by "Roger Fitz Warin"[929].  "Walcheline Maminoht" granted Bradford Mill to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1145], witnessed by "Roger Fitz Warin and Fulk his brother"[930].  "…Wachelino Maminot…" witnessed the charter dated to [Sep 1151/Jan 1153] under which "Henricus dux Norm et comes Andeg" donated property to the abbey of Mortemer[931].  The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Walchel. Mamin." in Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire, "Walch. Mam." in Northamptonshire, and "Walch. Maminot" in Kent, all under "Nova Placita & Noue Conuentiones"[932]m as her second husband, JULIANE de Vere, formerly wife of HUGH Bigod later Earl of Norfolk, daughter of AUBREY de Vere Lord of Hedingham & his wife --- ([1110/22]-after 1185).  “Rogerus Bigot comes Norfolchiæ” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “Hugone Bigot fratris mei et comitissæ Julianæ matris meæ et Idæ uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hugone Bigot filio meo…[933].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Duvercurt” held by “comitissa Juliana…soror comitis Albrici[934].  The Complete Peerage says that “for the souls of her father and mother and of her husbands Hugh Bigoth and Walkelin Maminot she granted Begham Abbey land in Brockley” but does not quote the original[935].  According to the Complete Peerage, she was still living in 1185, citing a grant by “Juliana comitissa” at Dovercourt to Colne Priory, witnessed by “Alberico comite et Alberico filius eius”, adding “which being notified to Gilbert Bishop of London was not later than 1189[936].  Walkelin & his wife had one child: 

i)          WALKELIN Maminot ([1125/38]-[1190]).  The Annals of Bermondsey record that “Walkelinus Mammynot filius Walkelini Mammynot” donated revenue “de molendino de Depforde” to Bermondsey in 1157[937].  The Bermondsey Chronicle records that “Walkelinus Mammynot filius Walkelini Mammynot” donated revenue “de molendino de Depford” to Bermondsey in 1157[938].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the names of those providing knights for military service with "Walkelini Mamignot" in Kent[939].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Walkelin Mamignot xviii l, et de novo i m" in Kent in [1167/68][940].  The Bermondsey Chronicle records that “Walkelinus Maymynot filius Walkelini Mammynot” donated revenue “de dominio de Cippenham in Dilleherst…etiam ecclesiam de Berlyng” to Bermondsey in 1168[941].  The Annals of Bermondsey record the same donation, adding that it was confirmed by Kings Henry II, Edward III, Richard II and Henry IV[942].  A later passage in the same source records the confirmation in 1174 by King Henry II of the donation of "ecclesiam de Bierlyng" by "Walkelinus Mammynot"[943].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Wakelin Mamignot xxvii l, de novo xx s" in Kent in [1171/72][944].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Walkelinus Maminot" in Kent[945].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "heredes Walkelini Mamignot" paying "xiv l x s, xxvii milites" in Kent[946]

b)         ALICE Maminot .  The cartulary of Merton Priory records that Hugh Maminot gave the manor of Petham, Kent to "Ralph de Chesney in marriage with his daughter Alice"[947].  The Complete Peerage has confused the marriages of Alice Maminot, stating that she married firstly "Ralph de Cahaines" and secondly Geoffrey [II] de Say[948].  The supposed first marriage results from confusion between the Chesney and Cahaignes families, members of both of which (both named Ralph) married daughters of Hugh Maminot, as shown in the present document).  As justification for the supposed second marriage, the Complete Peerage quotes an undated charter under which "Galfridus de Say filius Galfridi de Say et Alicie de Cheinnei uxoris sue" of the donation to Bermondsey of the advowson of Birling church made by Walkelin Maminot (see above) and later by "Geoffrey de Say", followed by another confirmation by "William de Say, son of Geoffrey, son of Geoffrey"[949], presumably to provide a purported explanation for the transmission of interests from the Maminot family to the Say family.  In fact the transmission was through the granddaughter of Alice Maminot and Ralph [II] de Chesney who married Geoffrey [III] de Say.  m (before 1130) [as his second wife,] RALPH [II] de Chesney, son of RALPH [I] de Chesney & his wife Matilda ---. 

c)         --- Maminot .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 recording that "Willelmum de Kaines" held "manerium de Tarent in hundredo de Langeber…iii militum…" in Dorset which had been given to "Radulfo de Kaines in maritagio cum filia Hugonis Maminot per dominum Henricum Regem primum"[950].  The wording of this document suggests that the marriage took place after the death of the bride’s father.  m ([before 1130/1135]) RALPH de Cahaignes [Keynes], son of ---.  A manuscript which records donations to Lewes priory includes in Kent land “in Langenia” donated by “Willielmus de Cahaynnes” for the souls of "filiorum suorum Ricardi et Willielmi", of land "ad Ramegingas, de feodo Hugonis de Cahaennis", land "ad Duclintunam" donated y "Adeleidis" for the soul of "Willielmi de Chaennis viri sui" and confirmed by "Hugo filius eius", land "ad Sidenoram" donated by "Hugo de Cahaines" confirmed by "Ricardus filius eius"[951]

 

 

 

MARTEL

 

 

Loyd indicates that this family originated in Bacqueville-en-Caux in the present-day French département of Seine-Maritime (previously Seine-Inférieure), arrondissement Dieppe, canton Bacqueville, as confirmed by the charter dated 15 May 1134 which is quoted below[952]

 

 

1.         GEOFFREY Martel (-after 13 Jan 1103).  "…Galfridus Martel…" witnessed the charter dated 13 Jan 1103 which records an agreement between “Philippus de Braosa” and the abbey of Fécamp[953].  Henry II King of England, by undated charter, confirmed donations to Clerkenwell St Mary, including the donation of “Bleneford” by "Willielmi Martelli et filii eius Galfridi et Alberedæ matris eiusdem Galfridi" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s, adding that the land had been donated by "G. Martell, pater Willielmi Martelli" to Winchester St Mary "cum filia sua"[954]m ALBREDA, daughter of --- (-after 15 May 1134).  "Willermus Martel" donated Bacqueville church to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, with the consent of "matris mee Albereye et uxoris mee similiter Albereye et Eudonis fratris mei", by charter dated 15 May 1134[955]Geoffrey & his wife had six children: 

a)         WILLIAM Martel (-after 1162, bur Bacqueville).  "Willermus Martel" donated Bacqueville church to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, with the consent of "matris mee Albereye et uxoris mee similiter Albereye et Eudonis fratris mei", by charter dated 15 May 1134, witnessed by “Goffredus, Rogerius filii mei, Eudo, Gauterius, Baldricus fratres mei[956]Willelmus Martel dapifer regis” donated “ecclesiam de Aldeburch et de Haselwde” to Colchester St. John, when “corpus Rogeris fratris mei fuit sepultum in illo monasterio”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Walterus Martel, Baldricus Martel[957].  “Willielmus Martel et Albreda uxor eius et Gaufridus Martel filius eius” donated “manerium suum de Snape et de Aldeburc” to Colchester monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Osbernus Martel, Johannes de Port, Rogerus et Eudo et Walt. et Eustachius, et Rogerus tunc constabularius Eyæ, filii domini…"[958].  Henry II King of England, by undated charter, confirmed donations to Clerkenwell St Mary, including the donation of “Bleneford” by "Willielmi Martelli et filii eius Galfridi et Alberedæ matris eiusdem Galfridi" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s, adding that the land had been donated by "G. Martell, pater Willielmi Martelli" to Winchester St Mary "cum filia sua"[959]m ALBREDA, daughter of --- (-after 1162).  Willielmus Martel et Albreda uxor eius et Gaufridus Martel filius eius” donated “manerium suum de Snape et de Aldeburc” to Colchester monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Osbernus Martel…"[960]Her marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her grandson Willielmus Martel” confirmed the donation of "hæredem meorum Parvam Blenford" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s made by "Galfridus Martel pater meus…cum Albreda matre sua"[961].  "Willermus Martel" donated Bacqueville church to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, with the consent of "matris mee Albereye et uxoris mee similiter Albereye et Eudonis fratris mei", by charter dated 15 May 1134, witnessed by “Goffredus, Rogerius filii mei, Eudo, Gauterius, Baldricus fratres mei[962]William & his wife had two children: 

i)          GEOFFREY Martel (-1180).  "Willermus Martel" donated Bacqueville church to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, with the consent of "matris mee Albereye et uxoris mee similiter Albereye et Eudonis fratris mei", by charter dated 15 May 1134, witnessed by “Goffredus, Rogerius filii mei, Eudo, Gauterius, Baldricus fratres mei[963]Willielmus Martel et Albreda uxor eius et Gaufridus Martel filius eius” donated “manerium suum de Snape et de Aldeburc” to Colchester monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Osbernus Martel…"[964].  "Ricardo de Lucy et Gaufrido Martel et Osberto Martel" witnessed the charter dated to [1149/54] under which King Stephen confirmed liberties of Abbotsbury abbey[965].  Henry II King of England confirmed donations to Clerkenwell St Mary, including the donation of “Bleneford” by "Willielmi Martelli et filii eius Galfridi et Alberedæ matris eiusdem Galfridi" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s, which land had been donated by "G. Martell, pater Willielmi Martelli" to Winchester St Mary "cum filia sua", by undated charter, witnessed by "Roberto filio Walteri, Saero de Quenci comite Wintoniæ, Henrico de Boun…"[966].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records the knights` fees held by "Galfridus Martel" from the king in Dorset, states that "antecessores mei" did not hold the lands "plus tempore Henrici regis" (presumably indicating King Henry I), and that the king (presumably indicating King Henry II) granted "quartam partem servitii i militis" to "Rogero fratri meo" and another part to "Simoni filio Roberti"[967]m ---.  The name of Geoffrey’s wife is not known.  Geoffrey & his wife had [five] children: 

(a)       WILLIAM Martel .  "W[illelmus] Martel...post obitum Willelmi Martel avi mei" donated “capellam Sancti-Leonardi de Basquevilla” to Bacqueville priory by charter dated 1188, witnessed by “Goffredus Martel, Alanus Martel fratres mei...[968]Willielmus Martel” confirmed the donation of "hæredem meorum Parvam Blenford" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s made by "Galfridus Martel pater meus…cum Albreda matre sua" by undated charter, witnessed by "Johanne Martel…"[969].  "W[illelmus] Martel" confirmed the donations made by “W[illelmus] Martel avus meus” to “ecclesia Beate-Marie de Baschevilla” where he was buried by charter dated 25 Mar 1192 (O.S.), witnessed by “Alanus Martel frater meus...[970]Willelmus Martel filius Gaufridus Martel” confirmed the donation of “manerio de Snapes et de manerio de Aldeburch” made to Colchester St. John by “Willelmus Martel avus meus et Albreda uxor eius assensu...Gaufridi patris mei heredis ipsius Willelmi” by undated charter, witnessed by “Alanus Martel...[971]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

(1)       GEOFFREY Martel .  “Gaufridus Martel” donated revenue from land "apud Wincestriam quam Johannes frater Willielmi filii Martin tenuit de me" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s, for the soul of "Philippæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter, witnessed by "Eustachio Martel, Johanne Martel…"[972]m PHILIPPA, daughter of ---.  “Gaufridus Martel” donated revenue from land "apud Wincestriam quam Johannes frater Willielmi filii Martin tenuit de me" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s, for the soul of "Philippæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[973].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Galfridus Martel et uxor ipsius soror…Cecilie [de Alwardesbi]" in Gloucestershire[974]

(b)       GEOFFREY Martel .  "W[illelmus] Martel...post obitum Willelmi Martel avi mei" donated “capellam Sancti-Leonardi de Basquevilla” to Bacqueville priory by charter dated 1188, witnessed by “Goffredus Martel, Alanus Martel fratres mei...[975]

(c)       ALAN MartelWillelmus Martel filius Gaufridus Martel” confirmed the donation of “manerio de Snapes et de manerio de Aldeburch” made to Colchester St. John by “Willelmus Martel avus meus et Albreda uxor eius assensu...Gaufridi patris mei heredis ipsius Willelmi” by undated charter, witnessed by “Alanus Martel...[976].  "W[illelmus] Martel...post obitum Willelmi Martel avi mei" donated “capellam Sancti-Leonardi de Basquevilla” to Bacqueville priory by charter dated 1188, witnessed by “Goffredus Martel, Alanus Martel fratres mei...[977]"W[illelmus] Martel" confirmed the donations made by “W[illelmus] Martel avus meus” to “ecclesia Beate-Marie de Baschevilla” where he was buried by charter dated 25 Mar 1192 (O.S.), witnessed by “Alanus Martel frater meus...[978]

(d)       [JOHN Martel .  “Willielmus Martel” confirmed the donation of "hæredem meorum Parvam Blenford" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s made by "Galfridus Martel pater meus…cum Albreda matre sua" by undated charter, witnessed by "Johanne Martel…"[979].  “Gaufridus Martel” donated revenue from land "apud Wincestriam quam Johannes frater Willielmi filii Martin tenuit de me" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s, for the soul of "Philippæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter, witnessed by "Eustachio Martel, Johanne Martel…"[980].] 

(e)       [EUSTACE Martel .  “Gaufridus Martel” donated revenue from land "apud Wincestriam quam Johannes frater Willielmi filii Martin tenuit de me" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s, for the soul of "Philippæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter, witnessed by "Eustachio Martel, Johanne Martel…"[981].] 

ii)         ROGER .  "Willermus Martel" donated Bacqueville church to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, with the consent of "matris mee Albereye et uxoris mee similiter Albereye et Eudonis fratris mei", by charter dated 15 May 1134, witnessed by “Goffredus, Rogerius filii mei, Eudo, Gauterius, Baldricus fratres mei[982]Willielmus Martel et Albreda uxor eius et Gaufridus Martel filius eius” donated “manerium suum de Snape et de Aldeburc” to Colchester monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Osbernus Martel, Johannes de Port, Rogerus et Eudo et Walt. et Eustachius, et Rogerus tunc constabularius Eyæ, filii domini…"[983].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records the knights` fees held by "Galfridus Martel" from the king in Dorset, states that "antecessores mei" did not hold the lands "plus tempore Henrici regis" (presumably indicating King Henry I), and that the king (presumably indicating King Henry II) granted "quartam partem servitii i militis" to "Rogero fratri meo" and another part to "Simoni filio Roberti"[984]

iii)        EUDES Martel .  "Will[elm]o Mart[el] et Eud[one] Mart[el]…" witnessed the undated charter under which King Stephen confirmed the donation of land at North Baddesley to the abbey of St Denis, Southampton by "Rob de Limesia"[985].  “Willielmus Martel et Albreda uxor eius et Gaufridus Martel filius eius” donated “manerium suum de Snape et de Aldeburc” to Colchester monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Osbernus Martel, Johannes de Port, Rogerus et Eudo et Walt. et Eustachius, et Rogerus tunc constabularius Eyæ, filii domini…"[986]

iv)       WALTER Martel (-after [Nov 1137/Jan 1138]).  "Emma filia Grimbaldi medici" granted her rights to her father’s lands to "Waltero Mart[el]", as did "Atselina uxor ipsius Grimbaldi", by charter dated to [Nov 1137/Jan 1138][987].  “Willielmus Martel et Albreda uxor eius et Gaufridus Martel filius eius” donated “manerium suum de Snape et de Aldeburc” to Colchester monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Osbernus Martel, Johannes de Port, Rogerus et Eudo et Walt. et Eustachius, et Rogerus tunc constabularius Eyæ, filii domini…"[988]

v)        EUSTACHE Martel .  “Willielmus Martel et Albreda uxor eius et Gaufridus Martel filius eius” donated “manerium suum de Snape et de Aldeburc” to Colchester monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Osbernus Martel, Johannes de Port, Rogerus et Eudo et Walt. et Eustachius, et Rogerus tunc constabularius Eyæ, filii domini…"[989]

vi)       ROGER Martel .  “Willielmus Martel et Albreda uxor eius et Gaufridus Martel filius eius” donated “manerium suum de Snape et de Aldeburc” to Colchester monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Osbernus Martel, Johannes de Port, Rogerus et Eudo et Walt. et Eustachius, et Rogerus tunc constabularius Eyæ, filii domini…"[990]

b)         EUDES Martel (-after 15 May 1134).  "Willermus Martel" donated Bacqueville church to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, with the consent of "matris mee Albereye et uxoris mee similiter Albereye et Eudonis fratris mei", by charter dated 15 May 1134, witnessed by “Goffredus, Rogerius filii mei, Eudo, Gauterius, Baldricus fratres mei[991]

c)         WALTER Martel (-after 15 May 1134).  "Willermus Martel" donated Bacqueville church to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, with the consent of "matris mee Albereye et uxoris mee similiter Albereye et Eudonis fratris mei", by charter dated 15 May 1134, witnessed by “Goffredus, Rogerius filii mei, Eudo, Gauterius, Baldricus fratres mei[992]Willelmus Martel dapifer regis” donated “ecclesiam de Aldeburch et de Haselwde” to Colchester St. John, when “corpus Rogeris fratris mei fuit sepultum in illo monasterio”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Walterus Martel, Baldricus Martel[993]

d)         BALDRIC Martel (-after 15 May 1134).  "Willermus Martel" donated Bacqueville church to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, with the consent of "matris mee Albereye et uxoris mee similiter Albereye et Eudonis fratris mei", by charter dated 15 May 1134, witnessed by “Goffredus, Rogerius filii mei, Eudo, Gauterius, Baldricus fratres mei[994]Willelmus Martel dapifer regis” donated “ecclesiam de Aldeburch et de Haselwde” to Colchester St. John, when “corpus Rogeris fratris mei fuit sepultum in illo monasterio”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Walterus Martel, Baldricus Martel[995]

e)         ROGER Martel (-bur Colchester St. John).  “Willelmus Martel dapifer regis” donated “ecclesiam de Aldeburch et de Haselwde” to Colchester St. John, when “corpus Rogeris fratris mei fuit sepultum in illo monasterio”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Walterus Martel, Baldricus Martel[996]

f)          daughter .  Henry II King of England, by undated charter, confirmed donations to Clerkenwell St Mary, including the donation of “Bleneford” by "Willielmi Martelli et filii eius Galfridi et Alberedæ matris eiusdem Galfridi" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s, adding that the land had been donated by "G. Martell, pater Willielmi Martelli" to Winchester St Mary "cum filia sua"[997]

 

 

1.         OSBERT Martel (-after 1149).  “Willielmus Martel et Albreda uxor eius et Gaufridus Martel filius eius” donated “manerium suum de Snape et de Aldeburc” to Colchester monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Osbernus Martel…"[998].  "Ricardo de Lucy et Gaufrido Martel et Osberto Martel" witnessed the charter dated to [1149/54] under which King Stephen confirmed liberties of Abbotsbury abbey[999]

 

2.         WILLIAM Martel (-after 1138).  "W[illelmo] Mart[el]" witnessed the undated charter under which King Stephen granted freedom from tolls to abbey[1000].  "Will[elm]o Mart[el] et Eud[one] Mart[el]…" witnessed the undated charter under which King Stephen confirmed the donation of land at North Baddesley to the abbey of St Denis, Southampton by "Rob de Limesia"[1001]

 

 

 

MAUDUIT

 

 

Loyd indicates that this family originated in Saint-Martin-du-Bosc in the present-day French département of Eure, arrondissement Les Andelys, canton Etrepagny[1002]Philippe II King of France granted la terre de Guillaume Mauduit à Saint-Martin” to “Jean fils d’Athon” by charter dated [Oct] 1207[1003], although as noted below the precise relationship between Guillaume Mauduit and the main Mauduit family has not been traced. 

 

 

[Two possible brothers:]

1.         WILLIAM [I] Mauduit (-before [1105]).  Domesday Book records land held by “William Mauduit” in Rowner (Titchfiedl Hundred), Hartley Mauditt and Bessete (Neatham Hundred), Portchester (Portchester Hundred), Preston Candover (Bermondspit Hundred), and Shalden (Odiham Hundred), in Hampshire[1004].  "…Will. Malusconductus…" witnessed the charter dated 13 Jan 1103 which records an agreement between “Philippus de Braosa” and the abbey of Fécamp[1005].  Eyton highlights that Dugdale notes William as “Chamberlain to Henry I” but observes that this “is probably erroneous[1006]m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  Henry I King of England granted "totam dotem suam…Sceldedenam et Herleiam et dominicum managium de Wincestr extra portam civitatis" to "Hadewise uxori Willelmi Malduit" by charter dated to [1102/05][1007].  William [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         ROBERT [I] Mauduit (-drowned off Barfleur, Normandy 25 Nov 1120).  Orderic Vitalis names "Rodbertus Malconductus" among those who drowned in the White Ship in 1120[1008].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus Mauduit" used to hold one knights fee in Hampshire now held by "Robertus de Ponte Arche"[1009]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

i)          CONSTANCE Mauduit .  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Robertum filium Hildebrandi" fell in love with "Willelmus de Ponte Arcarum…uxorem", imprisoned her husband, but died from a painful illness, dated from the context to [1142][1010]m GUILLAUME de Pont de l’Arche, son of --- (-after 1142). 

b)         WILLIAM [II] Mauduit (-[1153/Aug 1158]).  Henry I King of England granted "totam dotem matris sue…terram de Sceldedena et de Herleia et dominicum managium suum de Wintonia extra portam civitatis" to "Willelmo Maledocto", and also confirmed to him the lands which "Robertus Maledoctus suus frater a me tenuit", by charter dated 1121[1011]

-        see below

c)         daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 29 Sep [1131/57] under which [her brother] "Willemus Maled camerarius regis" notified "hominibus Sancti Martini" that he had restored to "Johanni nepoti meo" land which "Johannes avus suus et Huonus pater suus et Willelmo de Sancto Martino patruus suus" had held "in Sancto Martino"[1012]m HUGH de Saint-Martin, son of JOHN de Saint-Martin & his wife ---. 

2.         [GUNFRID Mauduit (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Gunfrid Mauduit” holding Calstone Wellington in Wiltshire[1013].] 

 

 

The precise relationship between the following individuals and the main Mauduit family has not been traced. 

 

1.         ROGER Mauduit .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records Robert d’Oilly sheriff of Oxfordshire accounting for "terre Rogeri Maledocti que habuit in custodia" in Oxfordshire[1014].  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that "Rogerus Maledoctus cum sua coniuge…Odelina" donated land and houses in Oxford to the monastery of Abingdon undated, witnessed by "Raineri medici, Turstini Basset"[1015]m ODELINE, daughter of ---.  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that "Rogerus Maledoctus cum sua coniuge…Odelina" donated land and houses in Oxford to the monastery of Abingdon undated, witnessed by "Raineri medici, Turstini Basset"[1016]

 

2.         daughter (-after [Nov 1183/Nov 1184]).  Her marriage and relationship with the Mauduit family are indicated by the charter dated to [Nov 1183/Nov 1184] under which [her son] "Robertus de Ousbravill filius Fulconis" granted "civitatem meam de Ousbravill", except land which "mea mater tenet in doario", to "Willelmo Mauduit camerario domini regis Anglie, cognato meo et Roberto filio suo"[1017].  As she was still alive at the date of this charter, it is unlikely that she was the daughter of William [I] Mauduit.  It is also unlikely that she was the daughter of William [II] Mauduit as, in that case, William [III] Mauduit would have been the grantor’s uncle, a relationship which would probably have been referred to more specifically in the document.  m FOULQUES d’Ouville, son of ---. 

 

 

WILLIAM [II] Mauduit, son of WILLIAM [I] Mauduit & his wife Hawise --- (-[1153/Aug 1158]).  Henry I King of England granted "totam dotem matris sue…terram de Sceldedena et de Herleia et dominicum managium suum de Wintonia extra portam civitatis" to "Willelmo Maledocto", and also confirmed to him the lands which "Robertus Maledoctus suus frater a me tenuit", by charter dated 1121[1018].  Henry I King of England granted "totam terram Michaelis de Hamslap…cum Matilda filia ipsius…in uxorem" to "Willelmo Maledocto camerario meo pro servicio suo" by charter dated to [1131][1019].  Empress Matilda granted "Bergedunam" {Barrowden, Rutland} to "Will[el]mo Maledocto camerario meo" which "Mich[ael] de Hameslapa antecessor suus habuit", by charter dated [5/7] May 1141[1020].  "H[enricus] dux Normann[orum] et Aquit[anorum] et comes Andeg[avorum]" restored "Will[el]mo Maledocto cam[erario] meo" to his office and lands in Normandy and England, including what "Rob[er]tus Maledoctus frater suus" held from King Henry I, by charter dated [7 Jun] 1153, witnessed by "…Joh[ann]e Maledocto…"[1021]

m ([1131]) MATILDA de Hanslope, daughter of MICHAEL de Hanslope & his wife ---.  Henry I King of England granted "totam terram Michaelis de Hamslap…cum Matilda filia ipsius…in uxorem" to "Willelmo Maledocto camerario meo pro servicio suo" by charter dated to [Aug 1131/Jul 1133][1022]

William [II] & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         WILLIAM [III] Mauduit ([1131/33]- 2 Oct 1194, bur Waverley Abbey).  Henry II King of England confirmed "baroniam totam quam pater suus de me tenuit, tan in Anglia quam in Normannia" to "Willelmo Malduit filio Willelmi Mald camerarii mei" by charter dated to [Dec 1154/Aug 1158][1023].   Chamberlain.  "Comes Simon" confirmed to "Willelmo Malduit camerario domini regis et Isabelle uxori sue" the land "in Grendon…" which "comes Simon pater meus dedit Willelmo Malduit et Isabelle uxori sue in libero maritagio" by charter dated to [1158/74][1024].   Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knight feeholders from "Willelmus Malduit camerarius" in Buckinghamshire[1025].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus Maudut, camerarius xxiii s iv d, et de novo xxxvi s viii d" in Buckinghamshire in [1167/68][1026].  “Wills Mald Cam” paid towards the young king’s marriage and towards the king’s campaign in Ireland in 1171[1027].  “Wills Mald Cam” contributed towards royal marriage expenses in 1174[1028].  “Willielmum Malduit Camerarium et Johannem Cumin” transported treasure from Northampton to Nottingham for the king in [Dec 1179][1029].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Willelmus Mauduit camerarius" paying "xvii s vi d, i militem et tres partes" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire[1030].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Willelmus Mauduit camerarius" among those granted delay in payment "per brevis" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire[1031].  The Annals of Waverley record the death “VI Non Oct” in 1194 of “Willelmus Maldut” and his burial “apud Waverleiam[1032]m ISABELLE de Senlis, daughter of SIMON de Senlis Earl of Huntingdon & his wife Isabelle de Beaumont.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1158/74] under which [her brother] "Comes Simon" confirmed to "Willelmo Malduit camerario domini regis et Isabelle uxori sue" the land "in Grendon…" which "comes Simon pater meus dedit Willelmo Malduit et Isabelle uxori sue in libero maritagio"[1033].   It should be noted that Eyton reproduces “an abstract of an agreement” under which William Prior of Lewes granted revenue to “Adeliciam Malduit et filios eius Robertum, Willielmum, Radulfum et Henricum”, relating to the anniversary of “Willielmi [Malduit] Camerarii viri Adelicie”, by charter dated “anno primo Henrici regis junioris filii regis Henrici” [1170/71][1034].  If this document is correct as written, there must have been two chamberlains named William, the second being the wife of Isabelle de Senlis.  The chronology for this suggestion appears difficult, considering the marriage of William [II] dated to [1131] and the marriage of William [IV] (see below) in 1208.  Until more information comes to light, it is assumed that there is some unexplained difficulty with the document reproduced by Eyton.  William [III] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         ROBERT [II] Mauduit (-[1217/Jun 1222]).  "Robertus de Ousbravill filius Fulconis" granted "civitatem meam de Ousbravill", except land which "mea mater tenet in doario", to "Willelmo Mauduit camerario domini regis Anglie, cognato meo et Roberto filio suo" by charter dated to [Nov 1183/Nov 1184][1035]

-        see below

b)         [GUILLAUME Mauduit (-before [Oct] 1207).  Philippe II King of France granted la terre de Guillaume Mauduit à Saint-Martin” to “Jean fils d’Athon” by charter dated [Oct] 1207[1036].  The reference to Saint-Martin, which was also named in connection with Guillaume’s supposed great-uncle John around the same time, suggests a close family relationship.  Maybe Guillaume was the son of William [IV] and heir to John Mauduit.] 

2.         ALICE Mauduit ([1134]-after 1184).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Morcote” held by “Alizia de Bidune, soror Willelmi Mauduit...L annorum”, adding that she has “iv filias” and naming their husbands[1037].  Her age suggests her parentage.  Another section of the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “domina de Lateburia que fuit uxor Johannis de Bidune et soror camerarii de Hameslepe” and “terra sua in Lateberia”, with “iv filias maritatas et i est maritanda[1038]m JOHN de Bidun, son of HALENALD de Bidun & his first wife Sara --- (-before 1184). 

3.         [JOHN Mauduit (-[after 1178]).  "H[enricus] dux Normann[orum] et Aquit[anorum] et comes Andeg[avorum]" restored "Will[el]mo Maledocto cam[erario] meo" to his office and lands in Normandy and England, including what "Rob[er]tus Maledoctus frater suus" held from King Henry I, by charter dated [7 Jun] 1153, witnessed by "…Joh[ann]e Maledocto…"[1039].  It is possible that the witness was the son of the grantee.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record "Johannem Malduit" holding one knight’s fee from "Willelmus Malduit camerarius" in Buckinghamshire[1040].  “Iohs Mald et Turstin fil Sim” rendered accounts in the archbishopric of Canterbury in 1172[1041]Domesday Descendants notes that he died after 1178 "leaving issue" but gives no further details[1042].  Philippe II King of France granted la terre que Jean et Robert Mauduit avaient possédée à Saint-Martin” to “Baudouin de Lihus” by charter dated [22 Apr 1207/5 Apr 1208][1043].

4.         MATILDA Mauduit (-after 1184).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Wulrintone” held by “Hamo filius Hamonis filii Meinfelin…xx annorum”, adding that his father died “die Veneris ante Ascensionem”, that he is “nepos Willelmi Mauduit ex parte matris[1044].  The age of her son suggests Matilda’s parentage.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Stokes” held by “Matilda que fuit uxor Hamonis Meinfelini[1045]m HAMON, son of MEINFELIN & his wife --- (-May 1184). 

5.         SIBYLLA Mauduit (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Westone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Galfridi Ridel, et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that she has “ii filios et i filiam”, but that “Ricardus Basset, qui fuit de prima uxore viri sui” was the heir[1046].  Another passage in the same source records property “in Frixtone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Gaufridi Ridel et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that “Gaufridus Basset ei dedit in dotem” and that “Ricardus Basset” is heir[1047]m as his second wife, GEOFFREY Ridel, son of RICHARD Basset & his wife Matilda Ridel (-before 1185).] 

 

 

No primary source has been identified which confirms the parentage of Robert Mauduit shown below.  His appointment as chamberlain suggests a close relationship with the preceding family.  Maybe he was a younger brother of William [III]. 

 

2.         ROBERT Mauduit (-[1190/Nov 1191]).  “Robto Mald et Hug de Kewilli” were paid expenses relating to the transport of the king, dated to May 1172[1048].  Robert Mauduit was jailor of Queen Eleanor in Jul 1174 when she came to England “as a State prisoner[1049]: “Robto Mald” was paid “ad pcurationem Regine” and “in corre Regine” in 1174[1050].  Chamberlain: “...Roberto Mauduit camerario...” witnessed the charter dated to [Jul 1175] under which King Henry II granted land to “Rogero Mussun[1051].  King Henry II confirmed “manerium de Werminster” to “Roberto Mauduit Camerario meo” by undated charter (which Eyton suggests could be dated to 1177)[1052].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus Mauduit xx s de feodo i militis in Wermunstre" in Wiltshire in [1186/87][1053].  “Robertus Mauduit domini regis camerarii” granted “manerium...de Werminster” to “Roberto Mauduit filio meo” by charter dated to [1187/88][1054].  The following document indicates that the manor reverted to Robert Mauduit senior: King Richard I confirmed “manerium...de Werminster” to “Roberto Mauduit Camerario meo”, in the same way that King Henry II had confirmed it to him, by charter dated to [1189/90][1055].  Eyton notes the Pipe Roll in Michaelmas 1191 recording Robert Mauduit as dead[1056].  [m firstly ---.  No document has been found which confirms this marriage, but as noted below the apparent difference in age between Robert Mauduit’s two sons Robert and Thomas suggests that they may not have shared the same mother.]  m [secondly] as her first husband, AGNES de la Mare, daughter of ROBERT de la Mare of Castle Holgate, Shropshire & his wife Aliza --- (-[1197/99]).  Eyton records that Agnes de la Mare, a widow, confirmed her late father’s bequest of Uffington to Haughmond abbey by charter dated 1193, Richard I confirming the gift made by Robert de la Mare and Agnes his daughter 25 Apr 1194[1057].  She married secondly Ralph de Arderne.  Robert & his [first/second] wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT Mauduit ([before 1166?]-[1187/89]).  Robert Mauduit was presumably of age at the time of the following document.  If that is correct, he was much older than his brother Thomas, in which case Robert may have been born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage of his father.  “Robertus Mauduit domini regis camerarii” granted “manerium...de Werminster” to “Roberto Mauduit filio meo” by charter dated to [1187/88][1058].  The [1189/90] charter quoted above indicates that Robert junior must have died soon after this grant as the manor was reconfirmed to Robert senior by King Richard I. 

Robert & his [second] wife had [two] children: 

b)         THOMAS Mauduit ([after 1181]-[1242]).  Eyton suggests that Thomas was “probably under ten years of age” when his father died, citing proceedings in a lawsuit dated 1194 and 1199, in the latter case in which he was represented by Hugh de Bosco his guardian[1059].  Writs dated 21 and 23 Feb 1207 related to payments of Robert Mauduit’s “original fine for Warminster”, with amounts assessed against “Thomas Mauduit the heir and...Hugh de Bosco who had had custody of the said heir[1060].  After Thomas joined the barons’ party against King John, the king granted Warminster to “Ralph Gernun” 1 Sep 1216 and Castle Holgate to Hugh de Mortimer of Wigmore 13 Sep 1216, before Thomas Mauduit was reinstated in his possessions in 1218[1061]m ---.  The name of Thomas’s wife is not known.  Thomas & his wife had three children: 

i)          ROBERT Mauduit (-after [1242]).  William Mauduit, in a lawsuit against the prior of Wenlock concerning Oxenbold, recorded his title descending from Robert de la Mare, to Agnes his daughter, to Thomas her son and heir, and from Thomas to “Robert and Thomas his sons, who died successively without issue”, and then to “William their brother, the present plaintiff[1062]

ii)         THOMAS Mauduit (-after [1242]).  William Mauduit, in a lawsuit against the prior of Wenlock concerning Oxenbold, recorded his title descending from Robert de la Mare, to Agnes his daughter, to Thomas her son and heir, and from Thomas to “Robert and Thomas his sons, who died successively without issue”, and then to “William their brother, the present plaintiff[1063]

iii)        WILLIAM Mauduit (-after Jul 1257).  William Mauduit, in a lawsuit against the prior of Wenlock concerning Oxenbold, recorded his title descending from Robert de la Mare, to Agnes his daughter, to Thomas her son and heir, and from Thomas to “Robert and Thomas his sons, who died successively without issue”, and then to “William their brother, the present plaintiff[1064].  Eyton summarises the documents which confirm his career between 1245 and 1257[1065].  Inquisitions in Shropshire record “Wills Maudut” holding “castre’ Holegod” in Shropshire, listing his fiefs and fiefholders, dated by Eyton to 1255[1066].  Letters of protection for campaigning in Wales were granted to “William Mauduit of Warminster” in Jul 1257[1067].  Eyton states that “the baronial house of Mauduit now vanished from Shropshire history”, noting that Dugdale showed some further supposed descendants in Warminster while omitting William’s immediate successor[1068].  The Victoria County History of Wiltshire provides an outline of the subsequent succession of the Mauduit family in Warminster[1069]

c)         [ROBERT Mauduit ([1188/90]-after 1216).  Eyton notes Robert Mauduit as “Governor of Deddington Castle, Oxfordshire” in 1216 (no source cited) and suggests that he was the son of Robert Mauduit chamberlain[1070].  If that is correct, he was a younger son born after the death of his presumed older brother Robert.  Another possibility is that the governor of Deddington was the same person as Robert Mauduit who married --- Giffard (acknowledging that the two could have been the same person).] 

 

 

1.         ANSELM Mauduit (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Anselinus Mauduit" held one knights fee in Dorset from the abbot of St Edward’s[1071]

 

 

ROBERT [II] Mauduit, son of WILLIAM [III] Mauduit & his wife Isabelle de Senlis (-[1217/Jun 1222]).  "Robertus de Ousbravill filius Fulconis" granted "civitatem meam de Ousbravill", except land which "mea mater tenet in doario", to "Willelmo Mauduit camerario domini regis Anglie, cognato meo et Roberto filio suo" by charter dated to [Nov 1183/Nov 1184][1072].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Robertus Malduit" paying "xxv s, i militem et tres partes" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire[1073].  Philippe II King of France granted la terre que Jean et Robert Mauduit avaient possédée à Saint-Martin” to “Baudouin de Lihus” by charter dated [22 Apr 1207/5 Apr 1208][1074]The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, dated to [1208/10]: "Robertus Mauduit camerarius" held "Hamslap…"[1075].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus Maudut" holding land "Berewedone per camerarium" in Rutland in [1210/12][1076].  Henry III King of England granted letters of conduct to "Willelmus Maudut" to "comitem W. Marescallum, ad loquendem cum eo de deliberacione R. patris sui" dated [early] 1217[1077].  Henry III King of England granted "honorem de Hamslape…que fuerunt Roberti Mauduit […camerarii]" to "Henrico de Brayboef" dated to [Mar] 1217[1078]

m as her first husband, ISABELLA Basset, daughter of THURSTAN Basset & his wife --- (-[24 Oct/11 Dec] 1225).  "Isabella who was the wife of Robert Mauduit, who is one of the heirs of Thurstan Basset…" made a fine "for having her rightful portion…of lands formerly of Thurstan her father" in the honour of Wallingford, dated 8 Jan 1223[1079].  She may have married secondly (after 24 Oct 1225) Thomas de Venuz.  "Thomas de Venuz" made a fine for marrying "Isabella, who was the wife of Robert Mauduit…if she will consent to this", dated 24 Oct 1225[1080].  It is not certain that this second marriage took place as Isabella died soon after the date of the document. 

Robert [II] & his wife had one child: 

1.         WILLIAM [IV] Mauduit of Hanslope, Berkshire (-before 14 Feb 1257)Henry III King of England granted letters of conduct to "Willelmus Maudut" to "comitem W. Marescallum, ad loquendem cum eo de deliberacione R. patris sui" dated [early] 1217[1081].  "William Mauduit" gave pledges for "full seisin…of all lands…of which Robert Mauduit his father was seised on the day he died" in Hampshire, dated [Jun] 1222[1082].  "William Mauduit" paid homage to the king for "the lands that Isabella Basset, mother of the said William, whose heir he is, held in chief in his bailiwick", dated 11 Dec 1225[1083].  A charter dated 3 Feb 1247 records a final agreement between "Johannem de Plesseto" and "Willelmum Mauduyt et Aliciam uxorem eius", relating to "maneriis Warwyk…pertientibus ad comitatum Warr, unde Thomas frater Margerie uxoris eiusdem Johannis, cuius heres ipsa est", agreeing the succession of the latter if the wife of the former died without heirs[1084].   m ([30 Nov] 1208) ALICE of Warwick, daughter of WALERAN Earl of Warwick & his second wife Alice d'Harcourt (-[3 Feb 1247/1263]).  King John confirmed "manerio de Wauton", granted to "Alic fil com Walann de Warewic" by "predictus com Walann ad se maritand", by charter dated 30 Nov 1208[1085].  A charter dated 3 Feb 1247 records a final agreement between "Johannem de Plesseto" and "Willelmum Mauduyt et Aliciam uxorem eius", relating to "maneriis Warwyk…pertientibus ad comitatum Warr, unde Thomas frater Margerie uxoris eiusdem Johannis, cuius heres ipsa est", agreeing the succession of the latter if the wife of the former died without heirs[1086].   William [IV] & his wife had three children: 

a)         RICHARD Mauduit (-after [1212/13]).  A charter dated to [1212/13] confirmed that "Thom Maudut" had freed "Ric fil Willi Maudut" from being a hostage to the king[1087]

b)         WILLIAM [V] Mauduit ([1220/21]-8 Jan 1267, bur Westminster Abbey).  He succeeded his father in [1257] in his lands and as joint hereditary Chamberlain of the Exchequer.  He succeeded in 1263 as Earl of Warwick on the death of Earl John du Plessis, second husband of his first cousin Margery Ctss of Warwick.  A writ dated 20 Jan "52 Hen III", after the death of "William Maudut…earl of Warwick", names "William de Bello Campo the younger, son of hs sister Isabel deceased who was married to William de Bello Campo the elder, age variously stated as 26 and more, and 30 and more,, is his heir"[1088]m ALICE de Segrave, daughter of GILBERT de Segrave & his wife Amabil de Chaucombe (-after 8 Jan 1268).  A writ dated 20 Jan "52 Hen III", after the death of "William Maudut…earl of Warwick", records that "Alice late his wife seeks her dower"[1089]

c)         ISABEL Mauduit (-after 7 Jan 1269)Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a writ dated 20 Jan "52 Hen III", after the death of "William Maudut…earl of Warwick", which names her son "William de Bello Campo the younger, son of his sister Isabel deceased who was married to William de Bello Campo the elder, age variously stated as 26 and more, and 30 and more,, is his heir"[1090].  "Dominum Willelmum de Bello Campo, vicecomitem Wygorn et Isabellam uxorem eius" granted "totam terram suam…in Uplodecoumbe" to "dominam Isabellam de Mortuo Mare" by charter dated [24 Jun 1250], witnessed by "…domino Jacobo de Bello Campo…"[1091].  The will of "William de Beauchamp", dated 7 Jan 1268, chose burial “in the church of the Friars Minors of Worcester”, requested a daily mass there for the souls of “Isabel my wife, Isabel de Mortimer”, bequeathed property to "Walter my son...Joane my daughter...Isabel my daughter...Sibill my daughter...Sarah my daughter...William my eldest son...my daughter the countess his wife...Isabel my wife..."[1092]m WILLIAM [IV] de Beauchamp of Elmley, Worcestershire, son of WALTER [III] de Beauchamp of Elmley & his wife Joan Mortimer (-[7 Jan/21 Apr] 1269). 

 

 

The following persons were presumably collateral descendants of the main Mauduit family, but their precise family relationships have not been ascertained. 

 

1.         ROBERT Mauduit (-after 1209).  Robert Mauduit who married --- Giffard could not have been Robert, father of William Mauduit of Hanslope, whose mother Isabella Basset survived her husband.  Maybe he was the son of that Robert.  [Eyton notes Robert Mauduit as “Governor of Deddington Castle, Oxfordshire” in 1216 (no source cited) and suggests that he was the son of Robert Mauduit chamberlain (see above)[1093].  Another possibility is that the governor of Deddington was the same person as Robert Mauduit who married --- Giffard (acknowledging that the two could have been the same person).]  m (before 1209) --- Giffard, daughter of ROBERT Giffard & his wife ---.  Domesday Descendants notes the death of Robert Giffard in 1209 "when his heirs were daughters married to Robert Mauduit, Robert de Mandeville and William Comin", but does not cite the corresponding primary source[1094]

 

2.         GODFREY Mauduit (-after 24 Apr 1200).  King John confirmed "villas de Hesset et de Bekenfeld…qs habeat ex dono Constanc fil Walt filii Willelmi" to "Godfr Mauduit" by charter dated 24 Apr 1200[1095]

 

3.         JOHN Mauduit (-before 1219).  m ---.  The name of John’s wife is not known.  John & his wife had three children: 

a)         AGNES Mauduit (-after 1219).  Bracton records a summons, dated 1219, to "Roberto Morin et Agneti uxori eius et Thome le Sauuage et Auicie uxori et Roberto de la Legha et Flandr uxori eius" concerning "ecclesiam de Andrintona" which was donated by "Johannes Maudut pater ipsarum Agnetis, Auicie et Flandr"[1096]m ROBERT Morin, son of ---. 

b)         HAWISE Mauduit (-after 1219).  Bracton records a summons, dated 1219, to "Roberto Morin et Agneti uxori eius et Thome le Sauuage et Auicie uxori et Roberto de la Legha et Flandr uxori eius" concerning "ecclesiam de Andrintona" which was donated by "Johannes Maudut pater ipsarum Agnetis, Auicie et Flandr"[1097]m THOMAS le Savage, son of ---. 

c)         FLANDRINA Mauduit (-after 1219).  Bracton records a summons, dated 1219, to "Roberto Morin et Agneti uxori eius et Thome le Sauuage et Auicie uxori et Roberto de la Legha et Flandr uxori eius" concerning "ecclesiam de Andrintona" which was donated by "Johannes Maudut pater ipsarum Agnetis, Auicie et Flandr"[1098]m ROBERT de la Legh, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         ROGER Mauduit (-after 1198)m as her second husband, ISABEL de Brus, widow of HENRY de Percy, daughter of ADAM de Brus of Skelton, Yorkshire & his wife Jueta de Archis ([1168/70]-after 1230).  A charter dated to [1190/96] notified that “Adam de Brus” granted property to “Henrico de Perci et Isabelle filie mee uxori sue” on their marriage[1099].  This suggests that Isabel must have been only eleven years old at the most at the time of her marriage, assuming that her father’s dates of marriage and death are correctly stated above.  “Juetta de Arches” granted property to “Isabelle de Brus filie mee” by charter dated to 1192[1100].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  

 

2.         THOMAS Mauduit (-after [Nov] 1222).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Thomas Mauduit" holding one knight’s fee "in Werministre" in Wiltshire in [1210/12][1101].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Thomas Mauduit et Willelmus de Kantilupo" holding five knights’ fees in Shropshire in [1210/12][1102].  A charter dated to [1212/13] confirmed that "Thom Maudut" had freed "Ric fil Willi Maudut" from being a hostage to the king[1103].  "Thomas Mauduit" paid the king "for having a weekly market…at Castle Holdgate" in Shropshire, dated [Nov] 1222[1104]

 

3.         ROBERT MauduitA document dated 15 May 1227 records thirteen donations to Maiden Bradley, including the donations “of Robert Mauduit a mark of land in Bissopeston...of Agnes de Mara, late the wife of Robert Mauduit...in Tarent[1105]m AGNES de Mara, daughter of ---.  A document dated 15 May 1227 records thirteen donations to Maiden Bradley, including the donations “of Robert Mauduit a mark of land in Bissopeston...of Agnes de Mara, late the wife of Robert Mauduit...in Tarent[1106]

 

4.         ROBERT Mauduit m BEATRICE Murdac, daughter of RALPH Murdac & his wife Eva de Gray. 

 

5.         THOMAS Mauduitm ELIZABETH de Knoxville, daughter of BOGO de Knoxville & his wife ---.  Eyton notes a seal of “d’næ Elizabethæ de Knovile” attached to a lease from “Elizabetha filia Bogoni de Knoville et uxor quondam domini Thomæ Mauduit...”, undated[1107].  Bogo de Knoxville is recorded in a document dated to [Nov 1276][1108]

 

 

 

LORDS of MIDDLEHAM, YORKSHIRE

 

 

RIBALD, illegitimate son of EUDES de Bretagne Comte de Penthievre & his mistress --- .  “Ribaldus frater comitis” donated property to St Mary, York, for the soul of “Alani comitis et Beatricis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[1109].  “Comes Alanus Rufus” donated property to Swavesey Abbey, Cambridgeshire, for the soul of “patris sui Eudonis comitis”, by undated charter witnessed by “…Ribaldus et Bardulfus fratres comitis…[1110]

m [firstly] [BEATRIX], daughter of IVO Taillebois [I] & his wife Lucy ---.  Assuming that “genero” in the following document was used in its strict sense of son-in-law, Ribald’s wife was Ivo’s daughter: Ivo Talliebois” donated property to St Mary, York, for the soul of “uxoris meæ Luciæ”, by undated charter witnessed by “Lucia uxore mea, Ribaldo genero meo, Radulpho Taillebois…[1111].  The difficulty is that “gener” was sometimes used in medieval documents to indicate brother-in-law.  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that the "only daughter" of "Ivo Taillebois…[and] his wife the lady Lucia" married "a husband of noble rank" but "died before her father"[1112].  It is possible that this passage refers to the wife of Ribald.  Assuming that this was the same wife of Ribald, her name is confirmed by the following document: “Ribaldus frater comitis” donated property to St Mary, York, for the soul of “Alani comitis et Beatricis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[1113].  However, as Ingulph says that Ivo’s daughter predeceased her father, it is possible that Beatrix was a later wife of Ribald and not Ivo’s daughter. 

[m secondly BEATRIX, daughter of ---.  “Ribaldus frater comitis” donated property to St Mary, York, for the soul of “Alani comitis et Beatricis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[1114].  As noted above, it is possible that Beatrix was a later wife of Ribald.  This assumes that the passage in Ingulph’s Chronicle quoted above is accurate and that Ivo’s “only daughter”, who predeceased her father, was Ribald’s wife.] 

Ribald & his [first/second] wife had [four] children: 

1.         RALPH .  A charter dated to [1145/54] records the dowry granted by “Robertus de Brus” to “Agathe filie sue” on her marriage to “Radulfo Ribaldi filio”, witnessed by “…Petro de Brus, Ernaldo de Perci…Herveo Ribaldi filio…[1115].  A mid-15th century manuscript lists "Radulphum, Heruey…dictum Tailbois, Raynaldum…dictum Taylboys, Willelmum…dictum Tailbois" as the sons of "Ribaldus frater comitis" and his wife "Beatrix uxor Ribaldi"[1116]m AGATHA de Brus, daughter of ROBERT [I] de Brus of Skelton & his [first/second] wife [Agnes Paynell/Agnes ---].  A charter dated to [1145/54] records the dowry granted by “Robertus de Brus” to “Agathe filie sue” on her marriage to “Radulfo Ribaldi filio”, witnessed by “…Petro de Brus, Ernaldo de Perci…Herveo Ribaldi filio…[1117].  Ralph & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT .  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Robertum" as the son of "Radulphum filium Ribaldi" and his wife "Agatha…filia Roberti de Bruys de Skelton"[1118]m HELOISE de Glanville, daughter of RANDULF de Glanville & his wife --- (-1 Mar 1195).  A mid-15th century manuscript records that "Robertum filium Radulphi" married "Helwisia filia Ranulphi Glamuille"[1119]An undated manuscript names “Matildem, Amabillam et Helwisiam” as the three daughters of “Ranulphus de Glanville quondam justiciarius Angliæ et fundator domus de Buttele” and his wife, adding that Heloise was granted “ex dono patris sui...medietatem villæ de Baudeseye et medietatem villæ de Finbergh” and married “Robertum filium Roberti” by whom she had “Radulphus filius et hæres” (listing his descendants)[1120]Robert & his wife had three children: 

i)          WALERAN .  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Walranum filium primum qui obiit sine prole, Radulphumobiit sine prole, Ranulphum" as the sons of "Robertum filium Radulphi" and his wife "Helwisia filia Ranulphi Glamville"[1121]

ii)         RALPH .  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Walranum filium primum qui obiit sine prole, Radulphumobiit sine prole, Ranulphum" as the sons of "Robertum filium Radulphi" and his wife "Helwisia filia Ranulphi Glamville"[1122]An undated manuscript names “Matildem, Amabillam et Helwisiam” as the three daughters of “Ranulphus de Glanville quondam justiciarius Angliæ et fundator domus de Buttele” and his wife, adding that Heloise was granted “ex dono patris sui...medietatem villæ de Baudeseye et medietatem villæ de Finbergh” and married “Robertum filium Roberti” by whom she had “Radulphus filius et hæres” (listing his descendants)[1123]

iii)        RANDULF (-1251, bur Coverham).  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Walranum filium primum qui obiit sine prole, Radulphumobiit sine prole, Ranulphum" as the sons of "Robertum filium Radulphi" and his wife "Helwisia filia Ranulphi Glamville"[1124]

-         see below

2.         [HERVE "Taillebois" .  A charter dated to [1145/54] records the dowry granted by “Robertus de Brus” to “Agathe filie sue” on her marriage to “Radulfo Ribaldi filio”, witnessed by “…Petro de Brus, Ernaldo de Perci…Herveo Ribaldi filio…[1125].  A mid-15th century manuscript lists "Radulphum, Heruey…dictum Tailbois, Raynaldum…dictum Taylboys, Willelmum…dictum Tailbois" as the sons of "Ribaldus frater comitis" and his wife "Beatrix uxor Ribaldi"[1126].  Their name “Taillebois” suggests that the mother of the three last named sons was the daughter of Ivo Taillebois, although the accuracy of a 15th century source to record events which occurred more than 300 years earlier is uncertain.] 

3.         [RAYNAUD "Taillebois" .  A mid-15th century manuscript lists "Radulphum, Heruey…dictum Tailbois, Raynaldum…dictum Taylboys, Willelmum…dictum Tailbois" as the sons of "Ribaldus frater comitis" and his wife "Beatrix uxor Ribaldi"[1127].  Their name “Taillebois” suggests that the mother of the three last named sons was the daughter of Ivo Taillebois, although the accuracy of a 15th century source to record events which occurred more than 300 years earlier is uncertain.] 

4.         [WILLIAM "Taillebois" .  A mid-15th century manuscript lists "Radulphum, Heruey…dictum Tailbois, Raynaldum…dictum Taylboys, Willelmum…dictum Tailbois" as the sons of "Ribaldus frater comitis" and his wife "Beatrix uxor Ribaldi"[1128].  Their name “Taillebois” suggests that the mother of the three last named sons was the daughter of Ivo Taillebois, although the accuracy of a 15th century source to record events which occurred more than 300 years earlier is uncertain.] 

 

 

RANDULF, son of ROBERT FitzRalph & his wife Heloise de Glanville (-1251, bur Coverham).  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Walranum filium primum qui obiit sine prole, Radulphumobiit sine prole, Ranulphum" as the sons of "Robertum filium Radulphi" and his wife "Helwisia filia Ranulphi Glamville"[1129]

m MARY Bigod, daughter of ROGER Bigod Earl of Norfolk & his wife Ida ---.  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Comes Rogerus Bigot, Ida uxor eius, Henricus capellanus, Hugo, Willelmus, Rogerus, Johannes, Radulfus, G. G. dapifer, Basilia, Maria, Margareta, Ida pueri eius"[1130]A mid-15th century manuscript records that "Ranulphum filium Roberti" married "Maria filia Rogeri Bigod comitis Norfolk"[1131]

Randulf & his wife had three children: 

1.         RALPH (-31 Mar 1258, bur Coverham).  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Radulphum, Bertam…Ranulphum…" as the children of "Ranulphum filium Roberti" and his wife "Maria filia Rogeri Bigod comitis Norfolk"[1132]m ANASTASIA de Percy, daughter of WILLIAM de Percy & his first wife Joan de Briwere.  A mid-15th century manuscript records that "Radulfum filium Ranulphi" married "Anastasia filia Wilelmi domini de Percy filii Henrici Percy primi"[1133].  Ralph & his wife had two children: 

a)         MARY (-1320).  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Mariam, Johannam" as the children of "Radulphum filium Ranulphi" and his wife "Anastasia filia Wilelmi domini de Percy", adding that Mary married "Roberti domini de Neuile et de Raby"[1134]A manuscript relating to Coverham Abbey, Yorkshire records that “Roberti de Novavilla junioris” married “Maria…domina de Midelham” who was eldest sister of “domina de Welle et de Snape…uxor Roberti de Tatershall”, daughters of “Radulfus filius Ranulfi[1135]m ([1260]) ROBERT de Neville, son of ROBERT de Neville & his first wife --- (-6 Aug 1271, bur Coverham). 

b)         JOAN (-before 1 Apr 1310).  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Mariam, Johannam" as the children of "Radulphum filium Ranulphi" and his wife "Anastasia filia Wilelmi domini de Percy", adding that Joan married "domini Roberti Tateshale" but died childless[1136]m ([before 1268]) ROBERT de Tattershall, son of ROBERT de Tattershall & his wife Nicole --- (5 Dec 1248-before 8 Sep 1298)

2.         BERTHA .  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Radulphum, Bertam uxorem domini Rogeri Ingoldeby…Ranulphum…" as the children of "Ranulphum filium Roberti" and his wife "Maria filia Rogeri Bigod comitis Norfolk"[1137]m ROGER de Ingoldeby, son of ---. 

3.         RANDULF .  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Radulphum, Bertam…Ranulphum…juniorem de Spenythorn" as the children of "Ranulphum filium Roberti" and his wife "Maria filia Rogeri Bigod comitis Norfolk"[1138]

 

 

 

MONTFICHET

 

 

The origins of the Montfichet family are uncertain.  An undated manuscript records that “dominus Gilbertus de Montefixo...genere Romanus...de stirpe Romanorum...qui in palacio regis Romanorum exstitit” wasWillielmus bastardus dux Normaniæ...consanguineus” and accompanied him in his conquest of England where he established himself[1139].  However, the statement is anachronous as, judging from the description of his supposed descendants, the author has confused him with Gilbert, son of William de Montfichet, whose death is estimated to [1186/87] (see below).  It is assumed that the account has been romanticised and is not factual. 

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Montfichet .  A charter of Henry II King of England records donations to St Alban’s, including the donation by “Willielmi de Muntfichet et Rohais uxoris suæ et Willielmi filii eorum” of “ecclesiam de Lecchewortha[1140]m ROHESE, daughter of ---.  A charter of Henry II King of England records donations to St Alban’s, including the donation by “Willielmi de Muntfichet et Rohais uxoris suæ et Willielmi filii eorum” of “ecclesiam de Lecchewortha[1141].  William & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Montfichet .  A charter of Henry II King of England records donations to St Alban’s, including the donation by “Willielmi de Muntfichet et Rohais uxoris suæ et Willielmi filii eorum” of “ecclesiam de Lecchewortha[1142]same person as…?  WILLIAM de Montfichet (-1137).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo de Montefichet" in Cambridgeshire, Surrey, and Essex[1143].  “Willielmus de Montefichet" donated "dominum meum de Hamma", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Margaretæ", by undated charter, witnessed by “Willelmo de Montefichet nepote meo[1144]m MARGARET de Clare, daughter of GILBERT FitzRichard de Clare Lord of Clare & his wife Adelisa de Clermont (-1189).  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "de Fogelmara Margerie de Muntfichet" in Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire[1145].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Barentone” held by “Margareta de Muntfichet, que fuit filia Gilberti filii Ricardi de Clara”, adding that “Gilebertus de Muntfichet est eius filius et heres” and that she has “iii infantes[1146].  “Willielmus de Montefichet" donated "dominum meum de Hamma", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Margaretæ", by undated charter, witnessed by “Willelmo de Montefichet nepote meo[1147].  William & his wife had three children: 

i)          GILBERT de Montfichet (-[1186/87]).  A charter of King Henry II confirmed donations to Stratford Lanthorne Abbey, Essex, including those made by “Willielmi de Mountfichet…et Gilberti filii sui…" and of "terram de Fuilmere" donated by "Richardus de Muntfichet", by undated charter, witnessed by “…Godefrido de Lucy…[1148]

-         see below

ii)         RICHARD de Montfichet (-[after 1185]).  A charter of King Henry II confirmed donations to Stratford Lanthorne Abbey, Essex, including those made by “Willielmi de Mountfichet…et Gilberti filii sui…" and of "terram de Fuilmere" donated by "Richardus de Muntfichet", by undated charter, witnessed by “…Godefrido de Lucy…[1149].  It is assumed that Richard was another son of William de Montfichet and his wife Margaret de Clare. 

iii)        one child (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Barentone” held by “Margareta de Muntfichet, que fuit filia Gilberti filii Ricardi de Clara”, adding that “Gilebertus de Muntfichet est eius filius et heres” and that she has “iii infantes[1150]

b)         [--- de Montfichetm ---.]  One child: 

i)          WILLIAM de Montfichet (-after 1166).  “Willielmus de Montefichet" donated "dominum meum de Hamma", with the consent of "uxoris meæ Margaretæ", by undated charter, witnessed by “Willelmo de Montefichet nepote meo[1151].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record knights’ fees held from "Willelmi de Montefichet" in Essex[1152]

 

2.         ALEXANDER de Montfichet .  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Alexander de Munfichet" in Hampshire[1153]

 

 

GILBERT de Montfichet, son of WILLIAM de Montfichet & his wife Margaret de Clare (-[1186/87]).  A charter of King Henry II confirmed donations to Stratford Lanthorne Abbey, Essex, including those made by “Willielmi de Mountfichet…et Gilberti filii sui…" and of "terram de Fuilmere" donated by "Richardus de Muntfichet", by undated charter, witnessed by “…Godefrido de Lucy…[1154].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Gilbert de Montfichet xxxi l x s, de novo ix s iv d" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1167/68][1155].  A manuscript names “Gilbertus et Richardus Muntfichet milites" as founders of Ankerwyke Nunnery in Buckinghamshire[1156].  A charter of King Henry III, dated 16 Aug 1257, records donations to Ankerwyke Nunnery, including the donations of "partum…Wymede" by "Gilberti de Munfichet et Avelinæ uxoris eius"[1157].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Barentone” held by “Margareta de Muntfichet, que fuit filia Gilberti filii Ricardi de Clara”, adding that “Gilebertus de Muntfichet est eius filius et heres” and that she has “iii infantes[1158]

m AVELINE de Lucy, daughter of RICHARD de Lucy & his wife ---.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1225, by "Ricardus filius Reginaldi et Roysia uxor eius" against "Robertum filium Walteri" for part of "terre…in Lewes" inherited from "Roysia de Douera auia sua", the defendant stating that "Matillis mater sua et Aleisia mater Ricardi de Umframuilla et Auelina auia Ricardi de Muntfichet fuerunt sorores" all of whom inherited part of the land in question[1159].  A charter of King Henry III, dated 16 Aug 1257, records donations to Ankerwyke Nunnery, including the donations of "partum…Wymede" by "Gilberti de Munfichet et Avelinæ uxoris eius"[1160]

Gilbert & his wife had one child: 

1.         RICHARD de Montfichet (-1210).  A charter of King Henry III, dated 16 Aug 1257, records donations to Ankerwyke Nunnery, including the donations of "terram…Morelaund…insulam in Thamis…Tyngeyt" by “Ricardi filii Gilberti de Munfichet[1161].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Ricardus de Muntfichet" paying "xxxiii l xii s vi d de veteri" in Essex, Hertfordshire[1162].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Ricardus de Montfichet" being granted delay to pay "per brevia" in Essex, Herefordshire[1163].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Richardus de Montfichet" holding 36 knights’ fees at "Stanstede" in Essex, and holding "xxxvi libratas terræ in Barntone et Fulemere per ii milites…de serjanteriis et terris sine servitio" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, in [1210/12][1164].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, dated to [1208/10]: "heres Ricardi de Munfichet" held "Langeley"[1165].  m [as her first husband,] MILLICENT, daughter of --- (-after 1219).  Henry III King of England granted letters of conduct to "Milicenta de Muntfichet" dated 12 Jun 1217[1166].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Essex, dated 1219, which includes "Domina Milisenta de Mumfichet est de donacione domini regis et est maritanda et valet terra eius in Esthamme c.s"[1167].  [She married secondly ---.  It is not known whether the pending marriage, referred to in the previous source, went ahead.]  Richard & his wife had five children: 

a)         MILLICENT de Montfichet (-[before 1210]).  The chronology suggests that Millicent must have been one of her parents’ older children.  She probably died childless soon after her husband, maybe before her father, as she is not named in the documents relating to her father’s heirs.  King Henry III commanded the Sheriff of Norfolk to inquire "what knights’ fees were assigned to Milesent de Muntfichet, widow of William de Warenne in dower...as H. de Burgo who married the daughter and heir of the said William has placed himself coram Rege in said inquiry”, dated 18 Mar 1235[1168]m as his second wife, WILLIAM de Warenne, son of RAINALD de Warenne & his wife Alice de Wormgay (-after 24 Jan 1191). 

b)         RICHARD de Montfichet (-1267).  Ricardus de Muntfichet filius Ricardi de Muntfichet” donated land “in Stansted” to Thremhale priory, Essex by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulpho de Munfichet...Warino de Muntfichet...[1169].  A charter of King Henry III, dated 16 Aug 1257, records donations to Ankerwyke Nunnery, including the donations in "villam de Tyngeyt" by "Ricardi filii Ricardi de Munfichet" and of "terram…Morelaund…insulam in Thamis…Tyngeyt" by “Ricardi filii Gilberti de Munfichet[1170].  Henry III King of England ordered "Ricardus de Muntfichet…" to enquire into the state of the forests "Essexie" dated [Jul] 1219[1171].  An undated writ "52 Hen III", after the death of "Richard de Muntfichet", records that "he had 3 sisters, Margery, Avelina and Philippa…"[1172]m firstly AGNES, daughter of --- (-after 12 Jun 1217).  Henry III King of England granted letters of conduct to "Agnes uxor Ricardi de Muntfichet" dated 12 Jun 1217[1173]m secondly as her second husband, JOYCE, widow of Sir GILBERT de Greinville, daughter of --- (-before 12 Jul 1274).  An undated manuscript records that “dominus Ricardus secundus [de Montefixo]” married “relicta domini Thomæ Engayne...Jocosa[1174].  The narrative of this manuscript is inconsistent with the reconstruction of the Montfichet family from primary sources, but it appears to be referring in this passage to the marriage of Richard de Montfichet who died in 1267.  By a writ of plenius certiorari dated 12 Jul “2 Edw I”, after the death of "Joyce (Jocosa) Montfichet alias Munfichet", "John Engaine and Joan his wife...daughter and heir of the said Joyce" complained that the escheator had detained the manor of Byfeld “fell to the said Joan[1175]

c)         MARGERY de Montfichet .  An undated writ "52 Hen III", after the death of "Richard de Muntfichet", records that "he had 3 sisters, Margery, Avelina and Philippa, from Margery issued Hugh de Bolebek, who had four daughters married to Roger de Lancastre, Nicholas Corbet, Hugh de Laval and Walter de Huntercumbe"[1176].  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother", names as heirs of "Richard de Munfichet…his three sisters, the first sister Margery married Hugh de Bulebec, and from them issued Hugh de Bulebec who had four daughters, Philippa married to Roger de Lancastre, Margery married to Nicholas Corbet, Alice married to Walter de Huntercumbe, and Maud married to Hugh de la Valle…"[1177]m firstly HUGH de Bolebec, son of HUGH de Bolebec & his wife Cecilia de Vescy.  m secondly as his first wife, PIERS de Faucomberge, son of WALTER de Faucomberge of Rise, Withernwick, Catwick & his wife Agnes --- (-after Apr 1230). 

d)         AVELINE de Montfichet (-[Nov] 1239, bur Thornton Abbey)A manuscript history of the foundation of Melsa Abbey records that “Willielmum de Forz secundum” married “Avelinam…filiam…Ricardi de Munfichet[1178]Matthew of Paris records the death in 1239 of "Aveline de Forz Ctss d'Aumâle"[1179].  An undated writ "52 Hen III", after the death of "Richard de Muntfichet", records that "he had 3 sisters, Margery, Avelina and Philippa…from Avelina issued William de Fortibus earl of Albemarle whose heirs are under age and in the king’s wardship"[1180].  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother", names as heirs of "Richard de Munfichet…his three sisters…the second sister Avelina married William de Forz earl of Albemarle, and from them issued William de Forz the last earl of Albemarle, who had two sons Thomas and William who died without heirs of their bodies…" and the declaring the descendants of the sisters of Aveline de Montfichet as heirs of Aveline de Forz[1181]m (1214) WILLIAM de Forz, son of GUILLAUME de Forz Comte d’Aumâle & his wife Hawise Ctss d’Aumâle (-29 Mar 1241). 

e)         PHILIPPA de MontfichetAn undated manuscript (which, in other parts, is confused in its narrative) records that “secunda soror...Ricardi de Montefixo” married “domino Ricardo de Plays”, by whom she had “Ægidium Plays” who was the father of “dominum Iohannem Plays” whose son was “dominus Iohannes Plays [qui] genuit dominum Iohannem Plays” whose daughter married “domino Iohanni Haward[1182].  An undated writ "52 Hen III", after the death of "Richard de Muntfichet", records that "he had 3 sisters, Margery, Avelina and Philippa…from Philippa issued Richard de Playz…who is 40 years of age"[1183].  A writ dated 20 Feb "3 Edw I", after the death of "Avelina late the wife of Edmund the king’s brother", names as heirs of "Richard de Munfichet…his three sisters…the third sister Philippa married Hugh de Pleys, and from them issued Richard de Pleys, from whom issued Ralph de Pleys now aged 9 and in the wardship of Sir Robert Aiguilun…"[1184]m HUGH de Plaiz, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         RALPH de Montfichet .  “Ricardus de Muntfichet filius Ricardi de Muntfichet” donated land “in Stansted” to Thremhale priory, Essex by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulpho de Munfichet...Warino de Muntfichet...[1185]

 

2.         WARIN de MontfichetRicardus de Muntfichet filius Ricardi de Muntfichet” donated land “in Stansted” to Thremhale priory, Essex by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulpho de Munfichet...Warino de Muntfichet...[1186]

 

3.         WILLIAM de Montfichet (-after 5 Feb 1241).  Sheriff of Perth.  "Johannes clericus filius Mathei Lorimarii de Perth" confirmed the settlement of a dispute with Scone abbey by charter dated 5 May 1240, sealed by "domini Willelmi de Muntfichet vicecomitis de Perth, domini Walteri de Rothven, domini Willelmi de Blar et domini Willelmi Olifarth"[1187]"…Willo de Munifichet…" witnessed the charter dated 5 Feb 1241 under which Alexander II King of Scotland confirmed the rights of Scone Abbey over "duas acre in territorio de Scona ubi molendinum…"[1188]

 

4.         PHILIP de Montfichet .  "Philippus de Monte fichett et Anna uxor filia et heres dñi Colini hostiarii defuncti" donated "ecclesiam de Loychel" to St Andrew’s priory by undated charter[1189].  m ANNE, daughter of COLIN & his wife Ada ---.  "Colinus hostiarius" donated "ecclesiam de Loychel" to St Andrew’s priory, for the soul of "mee et Ade uxoris mee", by undated charter[1190].  "Philippus de Monte fichett et Anna uxor filia et heres dñi Colini hostiarii defuncti" donated "ecclesiam de Loychel" to St Andrew’s priory by undated charter[1191]

 

 

 

MORVILLE

 

 

Loyd indicates that this family originated in Morville in the present-day French département of Manche, arrondissement Valognes, canton Bricquebec[1192].  The list of fees held from Philippe II King of France includes “Herbertus de Morevilla...sextam partem unius feodi apud Morevillam” among “feoda Ricardi de Vernone” in “Ballivia Constantini[1193]

 

 

1.         GUHER de Morville (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Guhero de Morevilla" in Surrey[1194]

 

2.         WILLIAM de Morville .  "William de Moreville" donated property to Montebourg abbey, for the souls of "his wife Mathildis and his son Eudo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Mathillis uxor mea, Eudo filius meus, Willelmus gener meus, Eustacius Wac……"[1195]The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo de Morevilla" in Devonshire[1196]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  "William de Moreville" donated property to Montebourg abbey, for the souls of "his wife Mathildis and his son Eudo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Mathillis uxor mea, Eudo filius meus, Willelmus gener meus, Eustacius Wac…"[1197].  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         EUDES de Morville .  "William de Moreville" donated property to Montebourg abbey, for the souls of "his wife Mathildis and his son Eudo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Mathillis uxor mea, Eudo filius meus, Willelmus gener meus, Eustacius Wac……"[1198].  "Eudes de Moreville" confirmed his father’s donations to Montebourg abbey by charter dated to before 1174, witnessed by "Hawis uxor mea, Willelmus filius meus et Rogerus frater eius, Rogerus de Stotvilla…"[1199]m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  "Eudes de Moreville" confirmed his father’s donations to Montebourg abbey by charter dated to before 1174, witnessed by "Hawis uxor mea, Willelmus filius meus et Rogerus frater eius, Rogerus de Stotvilla…"[1200].  Eudes & his wife had two children: 

i)          WILLIAM de Morville .  "Eudes de Moreville" confirmed his father’s donations to Montebourg abbey by charter dated to before 1174, witnessed by "Hawis uxor mea, Willelmus filius meus et Rogerus frater eius, Rogerus de Stotvilla…"[1201]

ii)         ROGER de Morville .  "Eudes de Moreville" confirmed his father’s donations to Montebourg abbey by charter dated to before 1174, witnessed by "Hawis uxor mea, Willelmus filius meus et Rogerus frater eius, Rogerus de Stotvilla…"[1202]

b)         --- de Morville .  "William de Moreville" donated property to Montebourg abbey, for the souls of "his wife Mathildis and his son Eudo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Mathillis uxor mea, Eudo filius meus, Willelmus gener meus, Eustacius Wac……"[1203].  m WILLIAM, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         HERBERT de MorvilleThe 1130 Pipe Roll records "Herbt de Morevilla…de custodia forestar" in Yorkshire[1204]m AGNES, daughter of ---.  Domesday Descendants notes that "a confirmation charter of…Richard [son of Herbert de Morville] for Montebourg shows that Herbert was father by his wife Agnes also of Herbert and Roger, a priest"[1205].  Herbert & his wife had three children: 

a)         RICHARD de Morville (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Ricardus de Moreville" held five knights’ fees from "Rogeri de Munbray" in Yorkshire[1206]

b)         HERBERT de MorvilleDomesday Descendants notes that "a confirmation charter of…Richard [son of Herbert de Morville] for Montebourg shows that Herbert was father by his wife Agnes also of Herbert and Roger, a priest"[1207]

c)         ROGER de MorvilleDomesday Descendants notes that "a confirmation charter of…Richard [son of Herbert de Morville] for Montebourg shows that Herbert was father by his wife Agnes also of Herbert and Roger, a priest"[1208]

 

2.         SIMON de Morville m as her first husband, ADA Engaine, daughter of WILLIAM Engaine & his wife Eustachie.  She married secondly Robert de VauxHer parentage and two marriages are shown in The Complete Peerage[1209]

 

 

1.         HUGH de Morville (-[1162]).  "…Hugone de Moruilla…" witnessed the charter dated to [1119/24] under which "David comes filii Malcolmi regis Scotorum" founded the monastery of Kelso[1210].  "…Hugo de Morvilla…" witnessed the charter, dated to the reign of Alexander I King of Scotland, under which "David predicti regis Scotie germanum…Cumbrensis regionis princeps" listed the lands of the church of Glasgow[1211].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Hug de Morevilla" in Huntingdonshire, Northamptonshire, and Rutland[1212].  "Hugo de Moravilla…et Beatrix de Bello-campo sponsa eius" donated property to Dryburgh monastery by undated charter[1213].  Constable of Scotland [1140].  "…Hug de Morevill…" witnessed the charter dated 29 Apr 1141 under which David King of Scotland donated "terram de Eldune…Dernewic" to Melrose abbey[1214].  "…Hugone de Morvilla…" witnessed the undated charter under which David I King of Scotland donated "toftam in Beruwic" to the priory of the Isle of May[1215].  "…Hugo de Morevill et Hugone de Morevill filio eio…" witnessed the undated charter under which Malcolm IV King of Scotland confirmed the donation of "terram de Kenelekin" to St Andrew’s priory[1216].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which names "Roberto de Trivers, antecessori…Hugonis de Morvill" in relation to the land in Cumberland which was granted to Hugh’s two sons-in-law[1217].  m BEATRICE de Beauchamp, daughter of --- (-after 1162).  "Hugo de Moravilla…et Beatrix de Bello-campo sponsa eius" donated property to Dryburgh monastery by undated charter[1218]Domesday Descendants states that the wife of Hugh de Morville was Beatrice de Beauchamp, but does not identify her parents (no primary source cited)[1219].  "Beatrix de Bello campo" donated "decimam molendini de Rogesburgh" to Dryburgh monastery, naming "Rogero [error for Richardo?] de Morevilla filio suo", by undated charter[1220].  Hugh & his wife had three children: 

a)         HUGH de Morville (-after 1153).  "…Hugo de Morevill et Hugone de Morevill filio eio…" witnessed the undated charter under which Malcolm IV King of Scotland confirmed the donation of "terram de Kenelekin" to St Andrew’s priory[1221].  Pleas taken in Westmoreland 14 Dec 1279 record the claim to "the moiety of the manors of Wyntone, Kingesmedburne, Appelby, Burgh and Kyrkeby Stephan" made by "Derverguilla widow of John de Balliol, Margaret de Ferrers countess of Derby, Elena widow of Alan la Zusche, Alexander Comin earl of Buchan and Elizabeth his wife" against "Roger de Clifford and Isabella his wife…and…Roger de Leyburne and Idonea his wife", and recites the inheritance of the manors from "one Hugh" [Hugh de Morville] to "Richard his brother and heir"[1222]

b)         RICHARD de Morville (-1189).  Pleas taken in Westmoreland 14 Dec 1279 record the claim to "the moiety of the manors of Wyntone, Kingesmedburne, Appelby, Burgh and Kyrkeby Stephan" made by "Derverguilla widow of John de Balliol, Margaret de Ferrers countess of Derby, Elena widow of Alan la Zusche, Alexander Comin earl of Buchan and Elizabeth his wife" against "Roger de Clifford and Isabella his wife…and…Roger de Leyburne and Idonea his wife", and recites the inheritance of the manors from "one Hugh" [Hugh de Morville] to "Richard his brother and heir"[1223].  Constable of Scotland [1162].  "…Ricardo de Morevill constabulario…" witnessed the undated charter under which William King of Scotland directed Scone Abbey concerning the rights of "Nar hominem abbatis de Scone"[1224].  "…Ricardo de Morevilla constabulario…" witnessed the undated charter under which William King of Scotland confirmed donations to the priory of the Isle of May[1225].  "Ricardus de Morevill constabularius regis Scottie" donated "totam terram de Blanesleye" to Melrose abbey, with the consent of "Willi de Morevill filii et heredis mei", for the souls of "mee et…uxoris mee Auicie et Willi filii mei", by undated charter[1226].  "Ricardus de Morevilla constabularius domini regis Scotie" confirmed the donation of "terram de Langelaw" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "Malcolmi fratris mei", by undated charter[1227]m (after 1155) [as her second husband,] HAWISE de Lancaster, [widow of WILLIAM Peveril,] daughter of --- (-after [1188/89]).  "Ricardus de Morevill constabularius regis Scottie" donated "totam terram de Blanesleye" to Melrose abbey, with the consent of "Willi de Morevill filii et heredis mei", for the souls of "mee et…uxoris mee Auicie et Willi filii mei", by undated charter[1228].  "Will de Morev" confirmed the donation of "totam terram de Bleyneslei" to Melrose abbey, made by "pater meus Ric de Moreuill", for the souls of "mee et…uxoris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "Ric de Morv patre meo, Auice de Loncastre matre…"[1229].  There is uncertainty surrounding this "Hawise de Lancaster".  Her marriage to William Peveril is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Avisia de Lancastria, uxor Willielmi Peverel” donated property to Derley Priory by undated charter[1230].  Her marriage to Richard de Moreville is confirmed by the 1169/70 Pipe Roll which records "Ric de Moreuill" owing ".cc. m p recto hndo de tra q clamat c filia Willi de Lancastr" in Lancashire[1231].  The primary source which confirms that the widow of William Peverel was the same person who remarried Richard de Morville has not yet been identified.  There is also difficulty concerning Hawise’s parentage.  Domesday Descendants states that the wife of Richard de Morville was Hawise de Lancaster, daughter of William de Lancaster (no corresponding primary source cited)[1232].  As can be seen from the chronology of William de Lancaster’s known wife Gundred de Warenne, this affiliation would only be possible if Hawise had been born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage.  On the other hand, the onomastics are favourable for this affiliation, as each succeeding generation of the "de Lancaster" family included a Hawise de Lancaster.  A different affiliation is suggested by the Complete Peerage which speculates that the wife of William Peverel was Hawise, daughter of Roger de Montgommery Lord of Lancaster & his wife Almodis Ctss de la Marche[1233].  This is not an ideal fit.  Her supposed father Roger was banished from England in 1102 and retired to La Marche, so it is unclear why Hawise would have been described as “de Lancastria” in a charter which must have been dated about 40 years later.  In any case, the chronology is unfavourable.  It is unlikely that the wife of Roger de Montgommery, Almodis de la Marche, was born much later than 1070, given the known chronology of her family, which means that her children would have been born before 1110 at the latest.  On the other hand, it is likely that William Peverel’s second marriage should be dated to the early 1140s at the earliest, as his first wife is named in one of the charters of Stephen King of England (who succeeded in 1135).  Such a marriage date is late if his second wife was born in the early 1100s, and impossible assuming that his widow was the same person who married Richard de Morville and had children by him in the late 1150s.  "Avicia de Lonc spouse of Richard de Morevilla, with the consent of William her heir and her other heirs" confirmed a donation to Furness St. Mary by charter dated to [1188/89][1234].  Richard & his wife had two children: 

i)          WILLIAM de Morville (-1196).  Pleas taken in Westmoreland 14 Dec 1279 record the claim to "the moiety of the manors of Wyntone, Kingesmedburne, Appelby, Burgh and Kyrkeby Stephan" made by "Derverguilla widow of John de Balliol, Margaret de Ferrers countess of Derby, Elena widow of Alan la Zusche, Alexander Comin earl of Buchan and Elizabeth his wife" against "Roger de Clifford and Isabella his wife…and…Roger de Leyburne and Idonea his wife", and recites the inheritance of the manors from "one Hugh" [Hugh de Morville] to "Richard his brother and heir", to "William his son and heir…who died without heir of his body", and to "Elena…his sister and heir"[1235].  "Avicia de Lonc spouse of Richard de Morevilla, with the consent of William her heir and her other heirs" confirmed a donation to Furness St. Mary by charter dated to [1188/89][1236].  "Ricardus de Morevill constabularius regis Scottie" donated "totam terram de Blanesleye" to Melrose abbey, with the consent of "Willi de Morevill filii et heredis mei", for the souls of "mee et…uxoris mee Auicie et Willi filii mei", by undated charter[1237].  "Will de Morev" confirmed the donation of "totam terram de Bleyneslei" to Melrose abbey, made by "pater meus Ric de Moreuill", for the souls of "mee et…uxoris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "Ric de Morv patre meo, Auice de Loncastre matre…"[1238].  The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records that "Rotholand lord of Galloway" married "William de Morville…[his] sister" who was her brother’s heir[1239]"…Willelmo de Morevill……" witnessed the undated charter which William King of Scotland confirmed rights of Scone Abbey[1240]m ---.  "Will de Morev" confirmed the donation of "totam terram de Bleyneslei" to Melrose abbey, made by "pater meus Ric de Moreuill", for the souls of "mee et…uxoris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "Ric de Morv patre meo, Auice de Loncastre matre…"[1241].  The name of William’s wife is not known. 

ii)         HELEN de Morville (-11 Jun 1217[1242]).  Pleas taken in Westmoreland 14 Dec 1279 record the claim to "the moiety of the manors of Wyntone, Kingesmedburne, Appelby, Burgh and Kyrkeby Stephan" made by "Derverguilla widow of John de Balliol, Margaret de Ferrers countess of Derby, Elena widow of Alan la Zusche, Alexander Comin earl of Buchan and Elizabeth his wife" against "Roger de Clifford and Isabella his wife…and…Roger de Leyburne and Idonea his wife", and recites the inheritance of the manors from "one Hugh" [Hugh de Morville] to "Richard his brother and heir", to "William his son and heir…who died without heir of his body", and to "Elena…his sister and heir"[1243].  The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records that "Rotholand lord of Galloway" married "William de Morville…[his] sister" who was her brother’s heir[1244].  The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records that "Rothonaldus…dominus Galuidie, pater magni Alani" succeeded "Willelmo de Moreuilla constabulario Scocie" and married his sister[1245].  "Rodland de Galloway gives the K. 500 marks to have a recognizance by twelve free men of the vicinage of Bosiate, whether Richard de Moreville father of his wife Helena was seized of a knight’s fee in Bosiaute" in Northampton, dated [Dec] 1200[1246].  "Elena de Morevilla" donated "elemosinam quondam patre mee in territorio de Killebeccokestun", and "de Widhope…ubique avia mea et avia hoinum meorum", to Melrose abbey for the souls of "…Willi fratris mei et Rollandi sponsi mei", by undated charter[1247]m ROLAND Lord of Galloway, son of UHTRED Lord of Galloway & his wife Gunhild of Dunbar (-1200). 

c)         MALCOLM de Morville .  "Ricardus de Morevilla constabularius domini regis Scotie" confirmed the donation of "terram de Langelaw" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "Malcolmi fratris mei", by undated charter[1248]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Morville .  “Uchtredus filius Ketelli” confirmed to “Gileberto de Lancastro quartam partem tocius terre quam Willelmus de Loncastr” had given to “patri meo Ketello” in “Stirkeland” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willo filio Ketelli, Roberto de Morvill...Bernardo filio Ketell[1249]

 

2.         RICHARD de Morville m ADELISA de Percy, illegitimate daughter of WILLIAM de Percy of Topcliffe, Yorkshire & his mistress ---.  Mistress of HUGUES du Puiset Bishop of Durham

 

 

1.         HUGH de Morville (-1201).  Ralph de Diceto’s Ymagines Historiarum record that “Willelmus de Traci, Reginaldus filius Ursi, Hugo de Morevilla, Ricardus Brito” murdered the archbishop at Canterbury in 1171 and relate the subsequent events in detail[1250]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "militum…Richardus Brito, Hugo de Morevilla, Renaldus Ursus et Guillelmus de Traci" as the murderers of Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury[1251].  "Hug de Morevill" paid a fine for the marriage "inter filiam suam et Ric de Egremunt" in Cumberland, dated 1200[1252].  "Hug de Morevill et Helew uxor eius" paid a fine relating to "dote ipsi Helewis" in Westmoreland, dated 1200[1253].  "Willelmus de Briwerr" paid a fine for "heritenda filia Hug de Morevill cum tota hereditate sua qu id Hugo tenuit die q fuit vivus et mortuus" and for the marriage of "ipsie file ad op Ric filii sui […Ric Briwerr fil ipsius Willmi] vel si parentes ipsi puelle ad h assensint ad op Ric Gernon nepotis sui si eid Willo placuit", dated 1201[1254]m as her second husband, HELWISE de Stuteville, widow of WILLIAM [II] de Lancaster, daughter of ROBERT [III] de Stuteville & his wife Helwise --- (-after [1226/28]).  Domesday Descendants names Helwise as the younger daughter of Robert [III] de Stuteville[1255].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  An undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire records that “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” married ”Helewisiam[1256].  A charter of King Henry II records that “Willielmum secundum” married “Helewisam de Stuteville” by whom he was father of “Helewisam” who married “Gilberto filio Rogeri filii Reynfredi[1257].  "Hug de Morevill et Helew uxor eius" paid a fine relating to "dote ipsi Helewis" in Westmoreland, dated 1200[1258].  The co-identity of the widow of William [II] de Lancaster with the wife of Hugh de Morville is confirmed by the following charter: Hugo de Morwile”, with the consent of “sponsæ meæ Helewisæ”, confirmed “totam Fortonam” [referring to the same land granted by the first charter], to [his son] “Henrico de Lancastre” which “pater eius Warinus” had received from “Willelmi de Lancastre awnculi sui”, by undated charter[1259]"William Briewere and Helewisa de Stuteville, defendant" reached agreement "regarding the admeasurements of her dower from Hugh de Moreville her late husband" relating to “the manor of Chircoswarde and the manor of Lesingebi...the manor of Hisale”, dated to [1204][1260].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Helewisa de Stutevill" holding land[1261].  Hugh & his wife had two children: 

a)         ADA de Morville (-after 20 Feb 1227).  "Hug de Morevill" paid a fine for the marriage "inter filiam suam et Ric de Egremunt" in Cumberland, dated 1200[1262].  The Pipe Roll 1205/06 records that "Richard de Luci accounts for 900 marks and five palfreys for having Alda his wife’s reasonable share...of Hugh de Moreville her father’s land"[1263].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Ricardus de Lucy et Ricardus Gernon" held land in Cumberland which was held by "Hugonis de Morvill cum duabus filiis predicti Hugonis"[1264].  "Ada q fuit uxor Ricardi de Lucy de Egremunt" paid a fine for "hereditate sua [et] dote sua…q fuerunt predicti Ricardi quondam viri sui" in Cumberland, dated 1213[1265].  Henry III King of England noted that "Thomas de Muleton" married "Adam de Morevill, que fuit uxor Ricardi de Luci" without royal licence, and ordered the seizure of "omnibus terris ipsius Ade in Cumberlande et Westmerilande et de omnibus terris ipsius Thome in Coplande, cum castro suo de Egremunde", dated 13 Aug 1218[1266].  A royal licence granted the right to construct fisheries to "Thomas de Muleton and Ada his wife" dated 20 Feb 1227[1267]m firstly ([1200]) RICHARD de Lucy, son of REYNOLD de Lucy & his wife Amabel of Scotland (-early 1213, bur St Bees priory).  m secondly (before 13 Aug 1218) as his second wife, THOMAS de Multon of Multon, near Spalding, Lincolnshire, son of ---. 

b)         JOAN de Morville .  "Willelmus de Briwerr" paid a fine for "heritenda filia Hug de Morevill cum tota hereditate sua qu id Hugo tenuit die q fuit vivus et mortuus" and for the marriage of "ipsie file ad op Ric filii sui […Ric Briwerr fil ipsius Willmi] vel si parentes ipsi puelle ad h assensint ad op Ric Gernon nepotis sui si eid Willo placuit", dated 1201[1268].  The Pipe Roll 1205/06 records that "Richard de Gernon accounts for 600 marks for having Johanna the younger daughter of Hugh de Moreville, with the reasonable share falling to her of her father’s land"[1269].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Ricardus de Lucy et Ricardus Gernon" held land in Cumberland which was held by "Hugonis de Morvill cum duabus filiis predicti Hugonis"[1270].  m ([1201/05]) RICHARD Gernon, son of --- (-after 1212). 

 

2.         WILLIAM de Morville (-after 1219).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that "Willelmus de Morvile debet summonere quoddam hundredum" in Dorset, Somerset in [1210/12][1271].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Somerset and Dorset, dated 1219, which includes "Willelmus de Morevill" holding "manerium de Bradepole"[1272].  

 

3.         ROGER de Morville (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Rogerus de Moreville" holding one knight’s fee "de feodo Bussellorum" in Lancashire in [1210/12][1273]

 

4.         WILLIAM de Morvillem ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALICE de Morville .  "Malcolmus filius David Dunne de Conestablestun et Alicia filia Willi de Morevill eius sponsa" donated land "in territorio de Edulsistun" to the church of Glasgow by undated charter[1274]m MALCOLM Dunn, son of DAVID Dunn & his wife ---. 

 

5.         --- .  m JOAN [de Morville], daughter of --- (-before 11 Mar 1248).  A writ dated 11 Mar "31 Hen III", after the death of "Joan de Morvill" names "Helewisia and Ada are her heirs and of full age", noting that "the said Joan gave to Sir Richard de Wennun her daughter Helewisia in marriage and with her 6 carucates of land in Neucraye…and she gave to Sir Ralph de Leventon with Ada her daughter in marriage 6 carucates of land in Kircosewal and 3 carucates in Laysingbi", and her land in "Burgh on the Sands town…and in Ayketon town" in Cumberland[1275].  Two children: 

a)         HELEWISE .  A writ dated 11 Mar "31 Hen III", after the death of "Joan de Morvill" names "Helewisia and Ada are her heirs and of full age", noting that "the said Joan gave to Sir Richard de Wennun her daughter Helewisia in marriage and with her 6 carucates of land in Neucraye…"[1276]m (before Mar 1248) RICHARD de Wennun, son of ---. 

b)         ADA .  A writ dated 11 Mar "31 Hen III", after the death of "Joan de Morvill" names "Helewisia and Ada are her heirs and of full age", noting that "the said Joan gave…to Sir Ralph de Leventon with Ada her daughter in marriage 6 carucates of land in Kircosewal and 3 carucates in Laysingbi"[1277]m (before Mar 1248) RALPH de Leventon, son of ---. 

 

 

 

MUNCHENSY

 

 

1.         DREUX de Munchensy"…Droco de Munchi…" witnessed the charter dated to [1121] [marked "Spurious?" in the compilation] under which Henry I King of England confirmed the property of Thetford St Mary’s[1278]

 

2.         HUBERT [I] de Munchensy (-before 1120)Domesday Book records “Hubert de Mont-Canisy” holding Wyverstone in Suffolk[1279]m firstly ---.  This first marriage is confirmed by Domesday Descendants which states that Hubert de Munchensy was the son of Hubert by his first wife (no corresponding primary source cited)[1280]m secondly as her second husband, MURIEL de Valoignes, widow of --- de Backton, daughter of ---.  Muriel wife of Hubert de Munchensy donated land at Rushworth to Thetford abbey on making her son Hugh a monk there, confirmed by her sons "William de Bachetone and Roger de Munchensy, her brother Roger de Valoignes and his son Piers", by undated charter[1281]Hubert [I] & his [first] wife had two children: 

a)         GILBERT de Munchensy (-after [Feb 1120/Feb 1121]).  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that "Gillbertus filius Huberti de Munte Kanesi" confirmed the donation of "ecclesia Eaduuardestune" to the monastery of Abingdon made by "patre suo", dated to "anno IV post obitum abbatis Faritii" [dated to [Feb 1120/Feb 1121][1282]][1283]

b)         HUBERT [II] de Munchensy (-after 1166).  Domesday Descendants states that Hubert de Munchensy was the son of Hubert by his first wife (no corresponding primary source cited)[1284].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Hub de Montecanesi" holding land in Norfolk from Hugo Bigod and "ubt de Monte Canesi" land in Suffolk[1285].  "W comes Cicestrie…et regina Adelide" granted land at Wymondham, Norfolk to the church of St Lazarus of Jerusalem by charter dated to [1150], witnessed by "…Hub de Montechan…"[1286].  “Comes Hugo Bigott, Hubertus de Monte Canisi…Warinus de Monte-Canisi…” witnessed the charter under which "Willielmus…comes Cicestriæ" founded Old Buckenham Priory, Norfolk, dated to the reign of King Stephen (dated to [1151/52] in The Complete Peerage[1287]), quoted in an Inspeximus of King Edward II[1288].  Hubert de Munchensy confirmed his (unnamed) father’s donation of tithes of Clay and Holkham to Castelacre priory by undated charter, witnessed by "Roger de Munchensy, Warin de Munchensy fratre meo"[1289].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Hubert de Montechanesi" held 11 knights’ fees from "honore de Eye" in Suffolk[1290]m ---.  The name of Hubert’s wife is not known.  Hubert & his wife had one child: 

i)          --- de Munchensy (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "filius Huberti de Muntchensi" held one knight’s fee from the bishop of Ely in Cambridgeshire[1291]

Hubert & his [first/second] wife had [one child]: 

c)         [SARAH de Munchensy (-1185 or before).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Hubertus Blundus filius Willelmi Blundi…xx annorum…nepos Huberti de Muntchenesy”, adding that “terra sua de Yxewurth venit in manum Episcopi [Eliensis] ad festum Sancti Michaelis post mortem Sarre de Muntchenesy[1292].  It is unclear from this text whether the mother of Hubert Blount (presumably Sarah de Munchensy) was (i) the daughter of Hubert [I] de Munchensy, (ii) the daughter of Hubert [II] de Munchensy, or (iii) the sister of Hubert [II].  m WILLIAM Blount, son of --- (-before 1185).] 

Hubert & his second wife had three children: 

d)         [HUGH .  Monk at Thetford Abbey.  Muriel wife of Hubert de Munchensy donated land at Rushworth to Thetford abbey on making her son Hugh a monk there, confirmed by her sons "William de Bachetone and Roger de Munchensy, her brother Roger de Valoignes and his son Piers", by undated charter[1293].  It is not known whether Hugh was born from his mother’s first or second marriage.]  same person as…?  HUGH de Munchensy (-before 29 Sep 1187).  Assuming that Hugh, installed as a monk at Thetford, was the son of Muriel de Valoignes by her second marriage, it is possible that he was the same person as Hubert [I]’s son Hugh, maybe withdrawn from holy orders if his older half-brothers had no male heirs.  Hugo de Montecanisio…et Stephanus filius et hæres meus” donated "ecclesiam de Edwardeston", previously donated by "pater meus Hubertus" to Abingdon, to Colne Priory, Essex by undated charter, witnessed by "comes Albricus [which dates the document to after 1142], Willielmus de Veer, Rogerus de Montecanis…Rogerus de Bellocampo, Gaufridus de Veer, novissime superveniens, Johannes Brito"[1294]

-        see below

e)         ROGER [I] de Munchensy .  Muriel wife of Hubert de Munchensy donated land at Rushworth to Thetford abbey on making her son Hugh a monk there, confirmed by her sons "William de Bachetone and Roger de Munchensy, her brother Roger de Valoignes and his son Piers", by undated charter[1295].  “Hugo de Montecanisio…et Stephanus filius et hæres meus” donated "ecclesiam de Edwardeston", previously donated by "pater meus Hubertus" to Abingdon, to Colne Priory, Essex by undated charter, witnessed by "comes Albricus [which dates the document to after 1142], Willielmus de Veer, Rogerus de Montecanis…Rogerus de Bellocampo, Gaufridus de Veer, novissime superveniens, Johannes Brito"[1296].  It is assumed that Roger was the brother of the donor, but the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identifiedHubert de Munchensy confirmed his (unnamed) father’s donation of tithes of Clay and Holkham to Castelacre priory by undated charter, witnessed by "Roger de Munchensy, Warin de Munchensy fratre meo"[1297]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  Domesday Descendants cites charters of Colne which name Matilda as the wife of Roger de Munchensy[1298]Roger & his wife had two children: 

i)          ROGER [II] de Munchensy .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

ii)         JOAN de Munchensy .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m WALTER de Colchester, son of ---. 

f)          WARIN [I] de Munchensy (-before 1162).  “Comes Hugo Bigott, Hubertus de Monte Canisi…Warinus de Monte-Canisi…” witnessed the charter under which "Willielmus…comes Cicestriæ" founded Old Buckenham Priory, Norfolk, dated to the reign of King Stephen (dated to [1151/52] in The Complete Peerage[1299]), quoted in an Inspeximus of King Edward II[1300].  Hubert de Munchensy confirmed his (unnamed) father’s donation of tithes of Clay and Holkham to Castelacre priory by undated charter, witnessed by "Roger de Munchensy, Warin de Munchensy fratre meo"[1301].  As Warin’s name follows Roger (who is confirmed above as the son of Hubert [I] by his second marriage) in the witness list, it is assumed that Warin [I] was a younger son of Hubert by Muriel de Valoignes. 

-        see below

 

 

1.         HUBERT [III] de Munchensy (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Hubertus de Munchensey…in custodia Eliensis episcopi” and “terra sua de Stretford…de Baronia Henrici de Essex[1302]

 

 

HUGH de Munchensy, son of HUBERT [I] de Munchensy & his [second wife Muriel de Valoignes] (-before 29 Sep 1187)Hugo de Montecanisio…et Stephanus filius et hæres meus” donated "ecclesiam de Edwardeston", previously donated by "pater meus Hubertus" to Abingdon, to Colne Priory, Essex by undated charter, witnessed by "comes Albricus [which dates the document to after 1142], Willielmus de Veer, Rogerus de Montecanis…Rogerus de Bellocampo, Gaufridus de Veer, novissime superveniens, Johannes Brito"[1303].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Hugo de Mauchensi" with half a knight "in baillia Willelmi de Malepalet"[1304]

m ALICE, daughter of ---.  The Complete Peerage names "Alice sister and coh. of Roger, brother and h. of Miles of Stoke near Ipswich" as the wife of Hugh de Minchensy[1305]

Hugh & his wife had three children: 

1.         ROBERT de Munchensy (-after 1154).  The Complete Peerage records that Robert "early in the reign of Henry II…was joined with his father in the charge of having done damage to Colne Abbey" as the wife of Hugh de Minchensy[1306]

2.         STEPHEN de Munchensy (-1199 before 29 May).  “Hugo de Montecanisio…et Stephanus filius et hæres meus” donated "ecclesiam de Edwardeston", previously donated by "pater meus Hubertus" to Abingdon, to Colne Priory, Essex by undated charter, witnessed by "comes Albricus [which dates the document to after 1142], Willielmus de Veer, Rogerus de Montecanis…Rogerus de Bellocampo, Gaufridus de Veer, novissime superveniens, Johannes Brito"[1307].  Stephen de Munchensy confirmed donations to Abingdon abbey made by "his father Hugh and grandfather Hubert" by undated charter (dated to before 1194 from the first witness) witnessed by "Earl Aubrey and Aubrey his son, William de Ver, Hugh de Muntikanesy, and Hubert the grantor’s brother"[1308]m ---.  The name of Stephen’s wife is not known.  Stephen & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUBERT de Munchensy (-after 1220).  Bracton records that in 1220 “Hubertum de Monte Canisio” still owed £49 in respect of a claim made against “Stephanum de Monte Canisio patrem ipsius Huberti” by “Willelmum de Godingeham patrem...Johannis” in respect of Staverton[1309]m ---.  The name of Hubert’s wife is not known.  Hubert & his wife had [one child]: 

i)          [WILLIAM [I] de Munchensy (-before Jun 1263).]  m JOAN, daughter of GEOFFREY de Crek & his wife ---.  William [I] & his wife had one child: 

(1)       WILLIAM [II] de Munchensy ([1229/30]-[27 Apr/14 May] 1302).  A writ dated 30 Jan "38 Hen III", after the death of "Ralph de la Haye alias de Haya" names "William son of Sir William de Munchenesi alias Munkanesey aged 24 is his heir"[1310]m (before Jun 1278) as her second husband, BEATRICE de Beauchamp, widow of THOMAS FitzOtes of Mendlesham, Suffolk, daughter of WILLIAM de Beauchamp Baron of Bedford & his second wife Ida Longespée of Salisbury (-before 30 Sep 1285).  A writ dated 4 Oct "23 Edw I", after the death of "Isabel late the wife of Simon de Bello Campo" refers to "Wottone, the manor…held in dower, by the assignment of the said Simon with the consent of William de Bello Campo his father, of the heirs of the barony of Bedford", and names as heirs "of the said barony, Roger aged 30 and more, son of Maud de Moubray sister of the said Simon, Joan the wife of Ralph Paynel, aged 30, daughter of Ela sister of the said Simon, Isabel the wife of Simon de Pateshulle aged 24, daughter of Ida daughter of the same Ela, and Elizabeth the wife of John de Horbur aged 34, daughter of the same Ela, are parceners with the heirs of the body of Beatrice sometime sister of the said Simon", adding that Beatrice had married "first to Thomas son of Otto, who had by her a son named Otto now deceased, and a daughter named Maud now aged 26 years and the wife of John Botetourte…after the death of the said Thomas she was married to Sir William de Montecanyso of Edwardestone who had by her a son named William, who if he survives as the jury believe, is 12 years old and more"[1311]

-         MUNCHENSY[1312]

3.         HUBERT de Munchensy .  Stephen de Munchensy confirmed donations to Abingdon abbey made by "his father Hugh and grandfather Hubert" by undated charter (dated to before 1194 from the first witness) witnessed by "Earl Aubrey and Aubrey his son, William de Ver, Hugh de Muntikanesy, and Hubert the grantor’s brother"[1313]

 

 

WARIN [I] de Munchensy, son of HUBERT [I] de Munchensy & his second wife Muriel de Valoignes (-before 1162).  “Comes Hugo Bigott, Hubertus de Monte Canisi…Warinus de Monte-Canisi…” witnessed the charter under which "Willielmus…comes Cicestriæ" founded Old Buckenham Priory, Norfolk, dated to the reign of King Stephen (dated to [1151/52] in The Complete Peerage[1314]), quoted in an Inspeximus of King Edward II[1315].  Hubert de Munchensy confirmed his (unnamed) father’s donation of tithes of Clay and Holkham to Castelacre priory by undated charter, witnessed by "Roger de Munchensy, Warin de Munchensy fratre meo"[1316].  As Warin’s name follows Roger (who is confirmed above as the son of Hubert [I] by his second marriage) in the witness list, it is assumed that Warin [I] was a younger son of Hubert by Muriel de Valoignes. 

m as her first husband, AGNES, daughter of PAYN FitzJohn of Ewyas, co. Hereford, Sheriff of Hereford and Shropshire & his wife Sibyl de Lacy (-after 1190).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Holkham” held by “Agnes de Muntchenesy…lx annorum…filia Pagani filii Johannis”, adding that she had “iii filios primogenitus…Radulphus et secundus Willelmus…ambo milites, tertius…Hubertus…clericus…[et] ii filias…una nupta Stephano de Glanville et altera Willemo Painel[1317].  She married secondly Halenald de Bidun.  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.   The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Agnes de Montchanesi" paying "xiii s" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire[1318]

Warin [I] & his wife had seven children: 

1.         RALPH de Munchensy (-[1187/90]).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Holkham” held by “Agnes de Muntchenesy…lx annorum…filia Pagani filii Johannis”, adding that she had “iii filios primogenitus…Radulphus et secundus Willelmus…ambo milites, tertius…Hubertus…clericus…[et] ii filias…una nupta Stephano de Glanville et altera Willemo Painel[1319]

2.         WILLIAM de Munchensy (-before 7 May 1204).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Holkham” held by “Agnes de Muntchenesy…lx annorum…filia Pagani filii Johannis”, adding that she had “iii filios primogenitus…Radulphus et secundus Willelmus…ambo milites, tertius…Hubertus…clericus…[et] ii filias…una nupta Stephano de Glanville et altera Willemo Painel[1320].  King John confirmed "custodiam terre et heredum Willelmi de Mutkanes" to "Willelmo com Arundell", as well as "maritagium Aveline que fuit uxor ipsius Willelmi", by charter dated 7 May 1204[1321]m as her first husband, AVELINE de Clare, daughter of ROGER de Clare Earl of Hertford & his wife Matilda de Saint-Hilaire (-(-[22 Nov 1220/4 Jun 1225).  King John confirmed "custodiam terre et heredum Willelmi de Mutkanes" to "Willelmo com Arundell", as well as "maritagium Aveline que fuit uxor ipsius Willelmi", by charter dated 7 May 1204[1322].  Her parentage and first marriage are indicated by the order dated 23 Dec 1213 under which her son "Guarinus de Munchainesy" paid a fine for "hereditarie" with "W. com Arundell avunculus ipsius Warini" acting as guarantor[1323], William Earl of Arundel being the son of the second husband of Warin’s paternal grandmother.  She married secondly (before 29 May 1205) as his second wife, Geoffrey FitzPiers Earl of Essex.  "Gaufridus filius Petri comes Essex" donated property to Winchester St Swithin, for the anniversaries of "…Petri de Lutegareshale patris mei…et Mathildis matris mee…et sponsarum mearum Beatricis et Aveline et liberorum meorum" by  undated charter[1324].  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Munchensy (-before 1212).  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Gloucestershire, dated to [1211/13]: "Willelmus de Mondchanesi" held "Wieham pro servicio i hide"[1325].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "hæres Willelmi de Muntchanesy" holding two knights’ fees "de honore Britanniæ" in Norfolk, Suffolk, and one "in Bike, Greibye in Kecestefene" in Lincolnshire and "Cleis" in Norfolk in [1210/12][1326].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "comes de Arundel" held five knights’ fees and parts in Staffordshire "in custodia cum herede Willelmi de Muntchanesey"[1327].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1224, by "Warinus de Monte Canisio" against "Walterum de Godarduilla" requesting "feodum…in Wicham" which had been held by "Willelmo de Monte Canisio fratre eiusdem Warini cuius heres ipse est dum fuit infra etatem"[1328]

b)         WARIN [II] de Munchensy (-after 21 Oct 1242)"Guarinus de Munchainesy" paid a fine for "hereditarie" with "W. com Arundell avunculus ipsius Warini" acting as guarantor, dated 23 Dec 1213[1329].  William Earl of Arundel was the son of the second husband of Warin’s maternal grandmother. 

-        see below

3.         HUBERT de Munchensy .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Holkham” held by “Agnes de Muntchenesy…lx annorum…filia Pagani filii Johannis”, adding that she had “iii filios primogenitus…Radulphus et secundus Willelmus…ambo milites, tertius…Hubertus…clericus…[et] ii filias…una nupta Stephano de Glanville et altera Willemo Painel[1330]

4.         --- de Munchensy .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Holkham” held by “Agnes de Muntchenesy…lx annorum…filia Pagani filii Johannis”, adding that she had “iii filios primogenitus…Radulphus et secundus Willelmus…ambo milites, tertius…Hubertus…clericus…[et] ii filias…una nupta Stephano de Glanville et altera Willemo Painel[1331]m STEPHEN de Glanville, son of ---. 

5.         --- de Munchensy .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Holkham” held by “Agnes de Muntchenesy…lx annorum…filia Pagani filii Johannis”, adding that she had “iii filios primogenitus…Radulphus et secundus Willelmus…ambo milites, tertius…Hubertus…clericus…[et] ii filias…una nupta Stephano de Glanville et altera Willemo Painel[1332]m WILLIAM Paynell, son of ---.  This William Paynell has not yet been identified. 

6.         ALICE de Munchensy (-after 1192).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter of Agnes [FitzPayn] [widow of Warin de Munchensy] which is witnessed by her son-in-law Robert de Mortimer and her daughter Alice[1333]m ROBERT de Mortimer, son of WILLIAM de Mortimer & his wife --- (-[13 Apr 1216/21 Sep 1217]). 

 

 

WARIN [II] de Munchensy, son of WILLIAM de Munchensy & his wife Aveline de Clare (-[20 Jul 1255])"Guarinus de Munchainesy" paid a fine for "hereditarie" with "W. com Arundell avunculus ipsius Warini" acting as guarantor, dated 23 Dec 1213[1334].  William Earl of Arundel was the son of the second husband of Warin’s maternal grandmother.  "…Warinus de Muntchenesi…" witnessed a document dated 25 Aug 1223[1335]Bracton records a claim, dated 1224, by "Warinus de Monte Canisio" against "Walterum de Godarduilla" requesting "feodum…in Wicham" which had been held by "Willelmo de Monte Canisio fratre eiusdem Warini cuius heres ipse est dum fuit infra etatem"[1336].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1224, by "Prior de Suwere" against "Warinum de Monte Canisio" for "ecclesiam de Suanescamp…advocacionem" which "comitissa Cecilia avia sua" [Cecilia Countess of Hereford, Warin’s great-aunt not his grandmother] granted to "Jacobum le Sauuage"[1337].  Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight’s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[1338]"Warin de Montechanes and Denise his wife" were granted rights "in the demesne lands of Rodewell" dated 21 Oct 1242[1339]

m firstly JOAN Marshal, daughter of WILLIAM Marshal Earl of Pembroke & his wife Isabel de Clare Ctss of PembrokeThe Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, names (in order) ”Matilda…Johanna…Isabella” as the daughters of “Willielmi Marescalli comitis Penbrochiæ[1340].  The same source records in a later passage that "secunda filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Johanna" married "Warino de Montecaniso" by whom she was mother of "Johannem de Montecaniso" who died childless and "Johannam sororem eius" who married "domino Willihelmo de Valentia"[1341]

m secondly ([Nov 1234/Jun 1235]) as her second husband, DENISE de Anesty, widow of WALTER Langton of Langton, Lincolnshire and Ridgewell, Essex, daughter of NICHOLAS de Anesty of Ansty and Little Hormead, Hertfordshire & his wife --- (-1304, bur London Grey Friars Church).  An order dated 15 Jun 1235 records a claim brought by "Warinum de Munchanes et Dionisiam uxorem eius" against "magistrum Simonem de Langet archidiaconum Cantuarie" to enforce payment of “dote ipsius Dionisie[1342].  "Warin de Montechanes and Denise his wife" were granted rights "in the demesne lands of Rodewell" dated 21 Oct 1242[1343].  She married thirdly (before 29 Sep 1260) [Robert/Richard] Butyller

Warin [II] & his first wife had two children: 

1.         JOHN de Munchensy (-[Jun] 1247).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Johannem de Montecaniso" as the son of "Warino de Montecaniso" and his wife, adding that he died childless[1344]

2.         JOAN de Munchensy (-1307 before 20 Sep).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Johannam" as the daughter of "Warino de Montecaniso" and his wife, adding that she married "domino Willihelmo de Valentia"[1345].  Matthew of Paris names her and her father when he records her marriage[1346].  A charter dated 13 Aug 1247 ordered "William de Valence the king’s brother and Joan his wife to have seisin of the lands which belonged to John de Muntchesny of the inheritance of Walter Marshall late Earl of Pembroke, and which after John’s death ought to descend to Joan as his sister and heir"[1347]m (before 13 Aug 1247) GUILLAUME de Lusignan "de Valence", son of HUGUES [XI] "le Brun" de Lusignan Comte de la Marche et d'Angoulême & his wife Isabelle Ctss d'Angoulême ([Cistercian Abbey of Valence, near Lusignan] after 1225[1348]-in England [1294/18 May 1296], bur Westminster Abbey).  He styled himself Lord of Pembroke, he was never invested with the earldom of Pembroke[1349]

Warin [II] & his second wife had one child: 

3.         WILLIAM de Munchensy (-Drylswyn Castle, near Carmarthen before 16 Sep 1287, bur Dereham).  m AMICE, daughter of ---.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         DENISE de Munchensy (before 22 Jul 1283-before 13 Apr 1314)m firstly JOHN de Hull of Hill Croome, Worcestershire, son of ---.  m secondly (after 12 Jun 1294) HUGH de Vere, son of ROBERT de Vere Earl of Oxford & his wife Alice de Sanford ([Jun 1258/Mar1259]-after 22 May 1319).  He was summoned to parliament 6 Feb 1298, whereby he is held to have become Lord Vere. 

 

 

1.         ROGER [III] de Munchensy (-before 19 Jan 1249).  He may be the same person as Roger [II] de Munchensy who is named above.  A writ dated 19 Jan "33 Hen III", after the death of "Roger de Monte Canisio alias de Munchanes" names "Stansted town" in Essex but no heir[1350]m AGATHA, daughter of ---.  An undated writ after the death of "Hubert de Monte Kaniso" names "Joan aged 24 and Euphemia aged 20 his sisters are his heirs" and adds that "Agasia late the wife of Roger de Monte Kanisio is dowered of a third part of the…manor [of Stratford, Suffolk]"[1351].  Roger [III] & his wife had three children: 

a)         HUBERT de Munchensy .  An undated writ after the death of "Hubert de Monte Kaniso" names "Joan aged 24 and Euphemia aged 20 his sisters are his heirs" and adds that "Agasia late the wife of Roger de Monte Kanisio is dowered of a third part of the…manor [of Stratford, Suffolk]"[1352]

b)         JOAN de Munchensy .  An undated writ after the death of "Hubert de Monte Kaniso" names "Joan aged 24 and Euphemia aged 20 his sisters are his heirs" and adds that "Agasia late the wife of Roger de Monte Kanisio is dowered of a third part of the…manor [of Stratford, Suffolk]"[1353]

c)         EUPHEMIA de Munchensy .  An undated writ after the death of "Hubert de Monte Kaniso" names "Joan aged 24 and Euphemia aged 20 his sisters are his heirs" and adds that "Agasia late the wife of Roger de Monte Kanisio is dowered of a third part of the…manor [of Stratford, Suffolk]"[1354]

 

 

1.         --- de Munchensy m ELA de Somery, daughter of MILO de Somery & his wife ---.  Inquisitions following a writ of certiorari dated 7 Feb "17 Edw I" after the death of "Stephen de Sumery” record that “the inheritance of the said Stephen in Schenleye [Hertford] was parted between Maud de Bacheswrth, Amabel de Montiniaco, Muriel Picot and Ela de Monte Caniso sisters and heirs of the said Stephen”, and add that “the service of Adam de Somery fell to the pourparty of Roger de Backeswrth, son and heir of the said Maud...Ranulph de Montiniaco son and heir of the said Amabel, John Picot heir of the said Muriel, and John de Monte Caniso heir of the said Ela[1355].  One child: 

a)         JOHN de Munchensy (before 1241-).  Inquisitions in Cambridge after a writ dated 14 Aug "10 Edw I" following the death of "Henry Joan de Somery" record “Haslygfeud, a manor held of the heirs of Stephen de Somery in dower”, add “she had no heir of the said manor because she held in dower of the said heirs, viz. Roger de Bachewrthe, Robert de Munteny, Peter Pykot and John de Monte Caniso who are the next heirs and of full age...the youngest of whom is aged 40 and more[1356]

 

2.         WILLIAM de Munchensy of Edwardeston, Suffolk (-before 20 Mar 1286).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 20 Mar "14 Edw I" following the death of "William de Monte Caniso of Edwardeston...held of his own inheritance...” name “land...held of the inheritance of Beatrice some time his wife...William son of...Miles [de Stratford] aged 211/2 at the feast of the Purification last is his next heir[1357]m BEATRICE, daughter of --- (-before 1286).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 20 Mar "14 Edw I" following the death of "William de Monte Caniso of Edwardeston...” name “land...held of the inheritance of Beatrice some time his wife...William son of...Miles [de Stratford] aged 211/2 at the feast of the Purification last is his next heir[1358]

 

 

 

MURDAC

 

 

1.         RALPH Murdac (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rad Mrdac" in Oxfordshire[1359].  "Radulfus Murdac" donated "dimidiam hidam terre apud Filching", previously donated by “avus meus Radulfus Murdac”, to Eynsham abbey by charter dated to [1173/74][1360]m ---.  The name of Ralph’s wife is not known.  Ralph & his wife had one child: 

a)         --- Murdac .  His existence is indicated by the charter dated to [1173/74] under which his son refers to “avus meus Radulfus Murdac”, presumably indicating Ralph Murdac who was named in the 1130 Pipe Roll.  m [--- de Chesney, daughter of ROGER de Chesney & his wife Alice de Langetot] (-before [1173/74]).  The name of Ralph Murdac’s mother is not known.  H. E. Salter states that "from the fact that [her son Ralph Murdac’s] eldest daughter was named Beatrice, it is a likely guess that Beatrice de Chesney was his mother"[1361].  Two children: 

i)          RALPH Murdac (-[1194/30 Sep 1198])"Radulfus Murdac" donated "molendinum unum in Dedinto...Westmulle" to Eynsham abbey, for the soul of "avunculi mei Willelmi de Cheisnei”, by charter dated to [1163/80], witnessed by “...Waltero de Abetot, Radulfo de Wirecestria, Alexandro de Chein et Radulfo fratre suo[1362].  "Radulfus Murdac" donated "dimidiam hidam terre apud Filching", previously donated by “avus meus Radulfus Murdac”, to Eynsham abbey by charter dated to [1173/74][1363].  “Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willielmo de Valeines, Radulfo Murdac...[1364]"Radulfus Murdac" donated his part "in molendino de Clifton" to Eynsham abbey, for the soul of "...Eue de Grai uxoris mee”, by charter dated 1192, witnessed by “...Simone Murdac...[1365]m (before 11929 as her first husband, EVA de Grey, daughter of JOHN de Gray & his wife --- (-before Jun 1246).  "Radulfus Murdac" donated his part "in molendino de Clifton" to Eynsham abbey, for the soul of "...Eue de Grai uxoris mee”, by charter dated 1192, witnessed by “...Simone Murdac...[1366].  She married secondly Andrew de Beauchamp.  King John confirmed land "juris eis descendit ex parte Roberti Basset et…in Tenford et Purston" to "Andr de Bellocampo et Eve de Gray uxoris eius" by charter dated 25 Apr 1200[1367].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Essex, dated 1219, which includes "Johannes filius Andree de Bello Campo debet...esse in custodia domini regis et Eva de Gray mater eius habet custodiam eius et terre sue de Asington per dominum Falk...et ipsa Eva est maritanda"[1368].  Inquisitions (undated) following the death of "Eva de Gray" name "Beatrice Murdac late the wife of Robert Maudut, Alice the wife of Ralph Harang, Joan the wife of Ernald de Bosco and Julanus son of Jolland de Nevill and Maud his wife are her heirs"[1369].  Ralph & his wife had two children (Domesday Descendants names them and their husbands[1370]): 

(1)       ALICE Murdac .  A writ dated 24 Jul "31 Hen III", after the deaths of "Osbert Giffard and Alice Murdac" names "Osbert son of the said Osbert, age variously stated as 12 ½, 13 ½ and 13 on the quinzaine before St John the Baptist last, is heir of the said Osbert and Alice" and his manors "…Hekebokel…sometime held by the said Osbert and Isabel his wife [Devon]…"[1371]m firstly ALAN FitzGuy de Bocland of Egg Buckland and Hooe, son of ---.  m secondly RALPH Harang, son of ---. 

(2)       BEATRICE Murdac m ROBERT Mauduit, son of ---. 

ii)         ALICE Murdac (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Oliverus filius Johannis de Eincurt xxiv annorum…nepos Radulfi Murdac”, adding that “Johannes de Eincurt obiit elapsis ii annis ad festum sancti Leonardi” and referring to the dower of "domina Aliz uxor Johannis de Eincurt…in Blangenia"[1372]m JOHN [I] de Aincourt, son of WALTER [II] de Aincourt & his wife --- (-6 Nov 1183). 

2.         [--- Murdac .  It is not known whether the uncle of Adam Murdac, named below, was the same person as Ralph Murdac who is named above.  The entry below suggests that Adam inherited property from his deceased uncle, whereas Ralph who is named above is recorded as living elsewhere in the 1130 Pipe Roll.]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         ADAM Murdac .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Adam Mrdac...p terra Rad avunculi sui" in Yorkshire[1373]

 

 

1.         GEOFFREY Murdac (-after 1130).  The Lindsey Survey, dated to [1115/18], records "Geoffrey Murdac" holding land in Kettleby, Thorpe and Bigby[1374].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Gaufr Mrdac" in Yorkshire[1375]m ---.  The name of Geoffrey’s wife is not known.  Geoffrey & his wife had one child: 

a)         JULIANA Murdac .  “Turstinus de Monteforti” claimed, from Eustace de Vesci, half Langeton in Yorkshire which descended from “Geoffrey Murdac...ad Julianam filiam suam...ad Robertum filium suum...ad Henricum fratrem eiusdem Roberti patrem prædicti Turstini[1376]m THURSTAN [II] de Montfort of Beaudesert, Warwickshire, son of --- (-1170 or after). 

 

 

1.         ALICE Murdac (-[1245]).  A writ dated 24 Jul "31 Hen III", after the deaths of "Osbert Giffard and Alice Murdac" names "Osbert son of the said Osbert, age variously stated as 12 ½, 13 ½ and 13 on the quinzaine before St John the Baptist last, is heir of the said Osbert and Alice" and his manors "…Hekebokel…sometime held by the said Osbert and Isabel his wife [Devon]…"[1377].  Her relationship with the Giffard family has not been ascertained. 

 

 

 

NEUFMARCHE

 

 

The Neufmarché family who were Lords of Brecknock in Wales are shown in the document WALES. 

 

 

NEUFMARCHE of YORKSHIRE

 

[Three] brothers: 

1.         RALPH de Neufmarché ("Novo foro") (-before 1098).  The Complete Peerage records that "Ralph Novi Fori" was among the witnesses of the charter dated 1088 which recorded the foundation of Blyth, Nottinghamshire by Roger de Bully[1378]

2.         PAYN de Neufmarché .  The Complete Peerage records that "Paine de Novo Foro" donated land in Thurnscoe near Barnsley and in Doncaster to Blyth, for the souls of "his lord Roger de Bully, his brother Ralph", with the consent of "nepotis William", by charter dated to after 1098[1379]

3.         [--- de Neufmarché .]  m ---.  [Two] children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Neufmarché .  The Complete Peerage records that "Paine de Novo Foro" donated land in Thurnscoe near Barnsley and in Doncaster to Blyth, for the souls of "his lord Roger de Bully, his brother Ralph", with the consent of "nepotis William", by charter dated to after 1098[1380]same person as…?  WILLIAM de Neufmarché (-before 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills de Waddona" accounting for "fil suus" having succeeded to the land of "Willi de Novo Mercato avunculi sui" in Northumberland[1381]

b)         [--- de Neufmarché .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the 1130 Pipe Roll which records "Wills de Waddona" accounting for "fil suus" having succeeded to the land of "Willi de Novo Mercato avunculi sui" in Northumberland[1382]m WILLIAM de Waddon, son of --- (-after 1130).  William & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          --- de Waddon (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills de Waddona" accounting for "fil suus" having succeeded to the land of "Willi de Novo Mercato avunculi sui" in Northumberland[1383]same person as…?  ADAM de Neufmarché (-[1160/61]).  The Complete Peerage suggests that Adam de Neufmarché was the same person as the unnamed son of William de Waddon who was recorded in 1130 as succeeding his [maternal] uncle[1384].

-         see below

ii)         [WILLIAM de NeufmarchéThe 1164/65 Pipe Roll records "Wills de Nouomcato" payiing a fine for "custodia terre nepotis sui" in Yorkshire[1385].  The "nepotis" is not named, but could be Henry de Neufmarché, son of Adam, who as shown above was probably still a minor at that date.  If that is correct, William was a younger brother of Adam de Neufmarché and therefore possibly another son of William de Waddon.] 

 

 

ADAM de Neufmarché, son of [WILLIAM de Waddon & his wife --- de Neufmarché] (-[1160/61]).  The Complete Peerage suggests that Adam de Neufmarché was the same person as the unnamed son of William de Waddon who was recorded in 1130 as succeeding his [maternal] uncle[1386]Ada de Novoforo…” witnessed the undated charter which records that “Richardus de Builli…Ricardo filio Turgis” founded Roche abbey in Yorkshire[1387].  Pope Urban III confirmed donations to Roche abbey, Yorkshire, including the donation by “Adæ de Novo-foro”, dated 1186[1388]

m ---.  The name of Adam’s wife is not known. 

Adam & his wife had [two] children: 

1.      &n