NORTHERN ITALY (3)

  v2.0 Updated 18 February 2011

 

RETURN TO INDEX

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

INTRODUCTION. 2

Chapter 1.            BOLOGNA (BENTIVOGLIO) 2

Chapter 2.            CONCORDIA, MIRANDOLA. 3

A.       SIGNORI di MIRANDOLA (PICO) 3

B.       CONTI di CONCORDIA (PICO) 4

Chapter 3.            FLORENCE ( MEDICI) 5

Chapter 4.            MANTUA. 10

A.       SIGNORI di MANTUA (GONZAGA) 10

B.       MARCHESI di MANTUA (GONZAGA) 16

Chapter 5.            RIMINI 19

A.       CONTI di CARPEGNA.. 20

B.       PESARO, RIMINI (MALATESTA) 22

Chapter 6.            URBINO. 28

A.       CONTI di URBINO (MONTEFELTRO) 28

B.       DUKES of URBINO (MONTEFELTRO) 31

C.      DUCHI di URBINO (della ROVERE) 32

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

This document sets out the new noble families which emerged in northern Italy after the 14th century.  Earlier nobility is shown in the companion documents NORTHERN ITALY (1) and NORTHERN ITALY (2).  The cut-off dates between the three documents is inevitably approximate. 

 

By the 14th and 15th centuries, leading local families in major cities, such as the Este (in Ferrara and Modena, see the corresponding separate document MODENA, FERRARA), the Gonzaga (in Mantua), the Medici (in Florence) and the Visconti (in Milan, see the document MILAN), were forging powerful principalities out of their own domains.  They provided new leadership to the nobility in northern Italy whose influence on European history continued well into the 17th and 18th centuries.  The present document includes chapters on the newly emerged leadership in the cities of Bologna, Concordia, Florence, Mantua, Rimini and Urbino.  The presentation is, in most cases, in outline form, into which primary source data can be inserted when it has been located. 

 

The rise of the Farnese in Parma, illegitimate descendants of Pope Paul III who died in 1549, falls outside the time period covered by the Medieval Lands project. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    BOLOGNA (BENTIVOGLIO)

 

 

 

1.         GIOVANNI [I] Bentivoglio (-after 1402).  Overlord of Bologna 1401-1402.  m ---.  The name of Giovanni´s wife is not known.  Giovanni [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         ANTONIO GALEAZZO Bentivoglio (-1435).  m ---.  The name of Antonio Galeazzo´s wife is not known.  Antonio Galeazzo & his wife had one child:

i)          ANNIBALE Bentivoglio (-1445).  m ---.  The name of Annibale´s wife is not known.  Annibale & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GIOVANNI [II] Bentivoglio (-1509).  Signore di Bologna 1462-1506.  m (Bologna 1464) as her second husband, GINEVRA Sforza, widow of SANTE Bentivoglio Signore di Bologna, illegitimate daughter of ALESSANDRO Sforza Signore di Pesaro & his mistress --- (Ancona 1440-Bologna 16 Jul 1507).  The name of Giovanni´s wife is not known.  Giovanni [II] & his wife had three children:

(1)       ALESSANDRO Bentivoglio (-1532).  He was expelled from Bologna. 

(2)       ANNIBALE Bentivoglio (-1540).  He was expelled from Bologna. 

(3)       LAURA Bentivoglio (-1523)m (1493) GIOVANNI Gonzaga di Mantua, son of FEDERICO I Marchese di Mantua & his wife Margareta von Bayern (1474-23 Sep 1525). 

b)         ERCOLE Bentivoglio (-1424).  Ercole had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

i)          SANTE Bentivoglio (-1462)m (Bologna 1454) as her first husband, GINEVRA Sforza, illegitimate daughter of ALESSANDRO Sforza Signore di Pesaro & his mistress --- (Ancona 1440-Bologna 16 Jul 1507).  She married secondly (Bologna 1464) Giovanni Bentivoglio Signore di Bologna.  Sante & his wife had one child: 

(a)        COSTANZA Bentivoglio m (1473) ANTONIO MARIA Pico di Mirandola, son of GIANFRANCESCO [I] Pico di Mirandola Conte di Concordia & his wife Giulia di Feltrino (-1501). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    CONCORDIA, MIRANDOLA

 

 

 

A.      SIGNORI di MIRANDOLA (PICO)

 

 

1.         FRANCESCO Pico (-after 1321).  Signore di Mirandola 1306.  Reichsvikar 1311.  He was deposed in 1321.  m ---.  The name of Francesco´s wife is not known.  Francesco & his wife had one child: 

a)         AGNESE Pico .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m as his first wife, GUIDONE Gonzaga Podestà di Reggio, son of LODOVICO [I] Gonzaga Podestà di Mantua & his first wife Richilda --- ([1291]-22 Sep 1369). 

 

 

2.         FRANCESCO Pico (-1399).  Signore di Mirandolam ---.  The name of Francesco´s wife is not known.  Francesco & his wife had three children: 

a)         GIACOMO (-after 13 Oct 1420).  Filippo Maria Visconti Duke of Milan acknowledged "d. Jaches militem, Johannem et Franciscum fratres de la Mirandula" as his "fideles adherentes…eorum castra et terras Mirandule et Concordie" by charter dated 13 Oct 1420[1]

b)         GIOVANNI (-1450).  Filippo Maria Visconti Duke of Milan acknowledged "d. Jaches militem, Johannem et Franciscum fratres de la Mirandula" as his "fideles adherentes…eorum castra et terras Mirandule et Concordie" by charter dated 13 Oct 1420[2]Conte di Concordia 1432. 

-        CONTI di CONCORDIA

c)         FRANCESCO (-1461).  Filippo Maria Visconti Duke of Milan acknowledged "d. Jaches militem, Johannem et Franciscum fratres de la Mirandula" as his "fideles adherentes…eorum castra et terras Mirandule et Concordie" by charter dated 13 Oct 1420[3]

 

 

 

B.      CONTI di CONCORDIA (PICO)

 

 

GIOVANNI Pico, son of FRANCESCO Pico Signore di Mirandola & his wife --- (-1450).  Filippo Maria Visconti Duke of Milan acknowledged "d. Jaches militem, Johannem et Franciscum fratres de la Mirandula" as his "fideles adherentes…eorum castra et terras Mirandule et Concordie" by charter dated 13 Oct 1420[4]Conte di Concordia 1432. 

m ---.  The name of Giovanni´s wife is not known. 

Giovanni & his wife had one child: 

1.         GIANFRANCESCO [I] Pico (-1467).  Conte di Concordiam GIULIA di Feltrino, daughter of BOIARDO di Scandiano & his wife ---.  Gianfrancesco [I] & his wife had seven children: 

a)         CATERINA Picom LEONELLO di Carpi, son of ---. 

b)         GIULIA Pico .  Nun. 

c)         GALEOTTO [I] Pico (-7 Apr 1499, bur Mirandola San Francesco)m (1468) BIANCA MARIA d´Este, illegitimate daughter of NICCOLÒ [III] d'Este Signore di Ferrara e Modena & his mistress Anna de´Roberti (18 Dec 1440-Mirandola 12 Jan 1506, bur Mirandola San Francesco).  Galeotto [I] & his wife had five children: 

i)          GIANFRANCESCO [II] (1469-1533).  m GIOVANNA di Carafa, daughter of [GIOVANNI or TOMASO] di Carafa & his wife ---. 

(a)       GIAN TOMASO (-1567).  He was ousted.  m (1523) CATERINA Orsini, daughter of ---. 

(1)       GIROLAMO (-1588).  Conte di Concordiam FRANCESCA Malaspina, daughter of CESARE Malaspina & his wife ---. 

(2)       VIRGINIO

(b)       ALBERTO (-1533). 

ii)         LUIGI (-killed in battle 1509).  m FRANCESCA Trivulzio, daughter of GIAN GIACOPO Trivulzio Marchese di Vigerano & his wife ---.  Luigi & his wife had two children: 

iii)        LUCREZIAm CLAUDIO Conte Rangoni, son of ---. 

iv)       GALEOTTO [II] (1508-1550).  He succeeded his uncle in 1533.  m IPPOLITA Gonzaga, daughter of LODOVICO Gonzaga [di Sabbionetta] & his wife ---. 

-         CONTI di CONCORDIA, PRINCIPI di MIRANDOLA, MARCHESI di CONCORDIA

v)        LEONORAm PAOLO Conte Bolognini Attendolo Marchese di Pallavicini, son of ---. 

vi)       FEDERIGO (-1502). 

vii)      MADDALENA .  Nun. 

d)         LUCREZIA Pico m PINO di Ordelaffi Signore di Forli, son of ---. 

e)         GIOVANNI Pico (1463-1494). 

f)          ANTONIO MARIA Pico (-1501)m (1473) COSTANZA Bentivoglio, daughter of SANTE Bentivoglio [di Bologna] & his wife ---. 

g)         [CATERINA Picom (1480) RODOLFO Gonzaga di Mantua, son of --- (1451-killed in battle 1494).] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    FLORENCE ( MEDICI)

 

 

AVERADO [II] de' Medici, son of AVERARDO [I] de´ Medici Gonfaloniere di Giustizia in the Republic of Florence & his wife Benricevuta --- (-before 1319).  Gonfaloniere of Justice in the Republic of Florence in 1314. 

m MANDINA Arrigucci, daughter of FILIPPO Arrigucci & his wife ---. 

Averado & his wife had four children:

1.         GIOVENCO de’ Medici (-1320). 

-        MARCHESI di CASTIGLIONE

2.         TALENTO de’ Medicim ---.  The name of Talento´s wife is not known.  Talento & his wife had one child: 

a)         MARIO de’ Medici (-1369). 

3.         CONTE de’ Medicim ---.  The name of Conte´s wife is not known.  Conte & his wife had one child: 

a)         GIOVANNI de’ Medici (-after 1356).   

4.         SALVESTRO de' Medici "Chiarissimo".  Envoy to the Republic of Venice in 1336.  m LISA Donati, daughter of SINIBALDO Donati & his wife ---.  Salvestro & his wife had three children: 

a)         AVERADO [III] de' Medici "Bicci" (-after 1360).  m firstly GIOVANNA Cavallini, daughter of LOTTO Cavallini dei Buonaguidi & his wife ---.  m secondly GIACOMA Spini, daughter of FRANCESCO Spini & his wife ---.  Averado & his [second] wife had three children:   

i)          FRANCESCO de’ Medici

ii)         GIOVANNI AVERADO de' Medici (1360-20 Feb 1429)Gonfalionere di Giustizia of the Republic of Florence 1421. 

-         see below

iii)        ANTONIA de’ Medicim ANGELO Ardinghelli, son of ---. 

b)         GIOVENCO de’ Medicim SMERALDA, daughter of ---. 

c)         TALENTO de’ Medicim GIOVANNA, daughter of BERNARDO & his wife ---. 

 

 

GIOVANNI AVERADO de' Medici, son of AVERADO [III] de´ Medici & his [second wife Giacoma Spini] (1360-Florence 20 Feb 1429).  Podestà di Pistoia 1407.  Gonfalionere di Giustizia of the Republic of Florence 1421. 

m RICCARDA de' Bueri, daughter of ODOARDO de' Bueri & his wife --- (-1432). 

Giovanni Averado & his wife had four children:

1.         ANTONIO de' Medici (-1398).

2.         DAMIANO de' Medici (-1390).

3.         COSIMO de' Medici "il Vecchio" (10 Apr/Sep 1389-Villa di Careggi 1 Aug 1464).  Banker, he was the richest man in Europe of his time.  He was exiled for a time in Venice, but returned to Florence 6 Oct 1434 from which time he was the absolute leader of the state, known as "Padre della Patria", without holding any official title.  m ([1413/17]) CONTESSINA de' Bardi, daughter of [ALESSANDRO or GIOVANNI] de' Bardi Conte di Vernio & his wife Emilia Pannocchieschi dei Conti di Elci (-Florence 1470 or 1472).  Mistress (1): MADDALENA, daughter of ---.  Cosimo & his wife had two children:

a)         PIERO "il Gottoso" de' Medici (Florence 1416-Florence 3 Dec 1469)Gonfalionere di Giustizia of the Republic of Florence 1461.  He succeeded his father in 1464 as "dominus" of the Republic of Florence. 

-        see below

b)         GIOVANNI de' Medici (Florence 1421-Florence 23 Sep 1463).  m (20 Jan 1453) MARIA GINEVRA degli Alessandri, daughter of NICCOLO degli Alessandri [Albizzi] & his wife ---.  Giovanni & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          COSIMO de' Medici ([1453]-1461).

ii)         [FRANCESCO de´ Medici (-young).  Maybe illegitimate.] 

iii)        [GIOVANNI de´ Medici (-young).  Maybe illegitimate.] 

Cosimo had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):    

c)          CARLO di Cosimo de’ Medici ([1428]-29 May 1492).  Rector of Prato.  Protonotary Apostolic. 

4.         LORENZO de' Medici (1395-villa di Carregi near Florence 23 Sep 1440).  m (1416) Ginevra Cavalcanti, daughter of Giovanni Cavalcanti.  children:   

a)         FRANCESCO (-before 1440).  m MARIA Gualterotti, daughter of BARTOLOMEO Gualterotti & his wife ---. 

b)         PIER FRANCESCO de' Medici (1431-murdered 28 Mar 1469).  m (1456) LAUDOMIA Acciajuoli, daughter of GIACOPO Acciajuoli & his wife Costanza Bardi.  Pier Francesco & his wife had two children: 

i)          LORENZO de' Medici "il Popolano" (Florence 1463-Florence 20 May 1503).  m (Florence 10 May 1485) SEMIRAMIDE Appiano d'Aragona dei Signore di Pimbino, daughter of GIACOPO Appiani & his wife ---.  They had descendants, extinct in the male line in 1548. 

ii)         GIULIANO GIOVANNI de' Medici "il Popolano" (Florence 21 Oct 1467-San Pietro de Bagno 14 Sep 1498)m (Forli 1497) as her third husband, CATERINA Sforza, widow firstly of GIROLAMO Riario Signore sovrano di Forli, and secondly of GIACOMO Feo, illegitimate daughter of GALEAZZO MARIA Sforza Duke of Milan & his mistress Lucrezia Landriani (1462-Florence 28 May 1509).  Giuliano Giovanni & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GIOVANNI de' Medici "dalle bande nere" (Forli 6 Apr 1498-Mantua 30 Nov 1526, bur Mantua).  m (Florence 17 Nov 1516) MARIA Salviati, daughter of GIACOPO Salviati & his wife Lucrezia de' Medici (Florence 17 Jul 1499-Villa de Castello 12 Dec 1543).  Giovanni & his wife had one child: 

(1)       COSIMO de' Medici (Florence 12 Jun 1519- Villa di Castello, near Florence 21 Apr 1574, bur San Lorenzo, Florence).  He succeeded in 1537 as COSIMO I Duke of TuscanyGrand Duke of Tuscany in 1569. 

-         GRAND DUKES of TUSCANY.

 

 

PIERO "il Gottoso" de' Medici, son of COSIMO de´ Medici "il Vecchio" & his wife Contessina de´Bardi (Florence 1416-Florence 3 Dec 1469).  Gonfalionere di Giustizia of the Republic of Florence 1461.  He succeeded his father in 1464 as "dominus" of the Republic of Florence.  Louis XI King of France granted him the right to bear the three French fleurs-de-lis in his arms at Montluçon May 1465. 

m (Florence 3 Jun 1444) LUCRETIA Tornabuoni, daughter of FRANCESCO Tornabuoni & his wife Francesca Pitti or Selvaggia Alessandri (1425-25 Mar 1482). 

Piero & his wife had four children:

1.         LORENZO [I] "il Magnifico" de' Medici (Florence 1 Jan 1449-Villa di Carregi 8 April 1492)On the death of his father, he assumed control of Florence, although still without any official title.  [m firstly PHILIPPINE, illegitimate daughter of PHILIPPE I Duke of Savoy & his mistress ---.]  m [secondly] (Florence 28 Dec 1469) CLARICE Orsini, daughter of GIACOMO Orsini di Monterotondo & his wife Maddalena Orsini (1453-Florence Aug 1488).  Lorenzo & his [second] wife had eleven children: 

a)         LUCREZIA de' Medici (Florence 4 Aug 1470-Florence [10/15] Nov 1553).  m (Florence Sep 1488) GIACOPO Salviati, son of GIOVANNI Salviati & his wife Maddalena Gondi (Florence 15 Sep 1461-Florence 6 Sep 1533). 

b)         PIERO "il Unfortunato" de' Medici (Florence 15 Feb 1471-Garigliano 28 Dec 1503)He succeeded his father 1492 as leader of Florence. 

-        see below

c)         child (-young).

d)         MADDALENA de' Medici (Florence 25 Jul 1473-Florence Dec 1528).  m (Rome 25 Feb 1487) FRANCESCO Cibo Conte de Anguilara e Ferentillo, illegitimate son of Pope INNOCENT VIII [GIOVANNI BATTISTA Cibo] & his mistress --- (1448-1519). 

e)         child (-young).

f)          GIOVANNI de' Medici (Florence 11 Dec 1475-Rome 1 Dec 1521).  Cardinal 1492.  He was elected Pope LEO X in 1513.

g)         child (-young).

h)         LUIGIA de’ Medici (1477-1488). 

i)          CONTESSINA de’ Medici (Florence 1478-Florence 1515).  m Conte Palatino PIERO Ridolfi, son of --- (1466-1525). 

j)          GIULIANO de’ Medici (Florence 12 Mar 1479-Florence 17 Mar 1516).  Vicar of Soragna and Nobile Romano 1513.  Governor of Parma, Piacenza, Reggio and Modena 1513.  Captain General of Santa Romana Chiesa 1513.  Named Governor of Florence by the Pope 4 Sep 1512.  Duc de Nemours 1515.  m (25 Jan 1515, 22 Feb 1515) PHILIBERTE de Savoie, daughter of Philippe II Duke of Savoy & his wife --- (posthumously 1498-Virieu 4 Apr 1524).  Heiress of Nemours.  Mistress (1):  PACIFICA Brandano, daughter of ---.  Giuliano had one illegitimate child by Mistess (1):    

i)          IPPOLITO de’ Medici (Urbino 19 Apr 1511-Urbino 10 Aug 1535).  He was named Governor of Florence by the Pope 30 Jul 1524 to 16 May 1527.  Cardinal 20 Jan 1529.  Archbishop of Avignon 1529.  He died of malaria.  Ippolito had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

(a)        ASDRUBALE de´ Medici (-killed in battle San Michele 13 Jul 1565).  Knight of the Order of Malta 1552.  Captain of Infantry in the army of the Order.  He was killed at the siege of Forte San Michele. 

k)         LUIGIA de´ Medici (-Florence 1493). 

2.         NANNINA de´ Medici (-Florence 14 May 1493).  m (1466) BERNARDO Rucellai, son of ---. 

3.         BIANCA de’ Medici (-1488).  m (1459) GUGLIELMO de’ Pazzi, son of ---. 

4.         GIULIANO de' Medici (Florence 25 Oct 1453-murdered Florence 26 Apr 1478).  Mistress (1)FIORETTA Gorini, daughter of ANTONIO Gorini & his wife --- (-1478).  Giuliano had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

a)         GIOVANNI GIULIO de' Medici (Florence 6 Mar or 26 May 1478-Rome 25 Sep 1534).  He was elected Pope Clement VII in 1523. 

Pierro had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:

5.          MARIA de’ Medicim LEONETTO de' Rossi, son of ---. 

6.          GIOVANNI de´ Medicim LUIGIA de´ Medici, daughter of GIOVANNI de' Medici & his wife ---. 

 

 

PIERO "il Unfortunato" de' Medici, son of LORENZO [I] "il Magnifico" de´ Medici & his [second] wife Clarice Orsini (Florence 15 Feb 1471-Garigliano 28 Dec 1503).  He succeeded his father 1492 as leader of Florence.  He was expelled from Florence with his family 8 Nov 1494. 

m (Mar 1488) ALFONSINA Orsini, daughter of ROBERTO Orsini Conte Tagliacozzo & his wife Caterina San Severino (1472-Florence 7 Feb 1520).  She brought Castel Sant'Angelo as her dowry. 

Piero & his wife had three children: 

1.         LORENZO [II] de' Medici (Florence 9 Sep 1492-villa di Careggi 4 May 1519)Captain General of Santa Romana Chiesa in 1513.  Prefect of Rome 1516.  He was appointed Governor of Florence by the Pope Mar 1516.  Sovereign Duke of Urbino and Lord of Pesaro Jun 1516.  m (contract Jan 1518, Amboise 2 May 1518) MADELEINE de La Tour d'Auvergne, daughter of JEAN [I] de La Tour Comte d'Auvergne et de Lauraguais & his wife Jeanne de Bourbon (1501-Urbino 28 Apr 1519).  She died after childbirth.  Lorenzo [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)         CATERINA MARIA ROMALA de' Medici (Florence, Palazzo Medici 13 Apr 1519-Château de Blois, Loir-et-Cher 5 Jan 1589, bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  She was naturalised as French in May 1519 at Saint-Germain-en-Laye.  She succeeded her father in 1519 as Duchess of Urbino.  Her marriage was arranged to bolster French power in Italy and to block Emperor Karl V's ambitions in the area.  To this end, Pope Clement VII transferred to her at the time of her marriage the cities of Pisa, Livorno, Reggio, Modena, Rubiera, Parma and Piacenza, as well as promising support for the reconquest of Milan by France and the recovery of Urbino.  She was consecrated Queen of France 10 Jun 1549 at Saint-Denis.  She was named regent of France during her husband's absences abroad in 1552, 1553 and 1554.  She was named "Gouvernante de France" 21 Dec 1560 during the minority of her son King Charles IX.  She was de facto ruler of France from 1559 to 1589.  Her son King Charles IX granted her the usufruit of the duchy of Bourbon at Paris 14 May 1562 (registered 23 Dec).  She built the Palais des Tuileries at Paris, and the Châteaux de Saint-Maur des Fossés, Montceaux en Brie and Chenonceau en Touraine.  m (contract Château d'Anet, Eure-et-Loir 24 Apr 1531, contract Marseille 27 Oct 1533, Marseille Cathedral 28 Oct 1533) HENRI de France Duc d'Orléans, son of FRANÇOIS I King of France & his first wife Claude de France (Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye 31 Mar 1519-Hôtel des Tournelles, Paris 10 Jul 1559, bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  He succeeded his brother in 1536 as Dauphin de Viennois, and his father in 1547 as HENRI II King of France

Lorenzo [II] had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress:

b)         ALESSANDRO de' Medici (1510-murdered Florence 6 Jan 1537).  It was alleged that he was the son of Pope Clement VII (Giovanni Giulio de’ Medici).  He was adopted by Lorenzo [II].  Duca di Civita di Penne con Campli, Civita Ducale e Leonessa in 1522.  He was appointed Governor of Florence by the Pope from 30 Jul 1524 to 16 May 1527.  He was invested as Sovereign Duke of Florence by Imperial order 1 May 1532.  m (Naples 18 Jan or 29 Feb 1536) as her first husband, MARGARETE of Austria, illegitimate daughter of Emperor KARL V & his mistress Johanna Maria van der Gheynst (Oudenaerde 28 Dec 1522- Ortona, Parma 18 Jan 1586, bur Rome).  Staadhouderin of The Netherlands.  Alessandro had three illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

i)          GIULIO de' Medici ([1533]-Pisa 1600).  Knight of San Stefano.  m ANGELICA Malaspina dei Marchesi di Bastia, daughter of ---.  Giulio & his wife had one child: 

(a)        CATERINA de´ Medici (-1634).  Nun at the Benedictine convent dell'Annunziata, Florence. 

Giulio had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

(b)        COSIMO de' Medicim LUCREZIA Gaetani, daughter of FRANCESCO Gaetani Patrizio of Pisa & his wife ---.  Cosimo & his wife had one child: 

(1)        ANGELA de' Medici (1608-Rome 2 Mar 1636).  m Don PIETRO Altemps 3rd Duca di Gallese e Marchese Soriano, son of GIAN ANGELO d'Altemps 2nd Principe di Gallese & his wife Maria Federica Cesi. 

(c)        GIULIANO de´ Medicim (1598) LIVIA Spinola, daughter of ---. 

ii)         GIULIA de´ Medici (-after 1588).  m firstly (1550) FRANCESCO Cantelmo Conte d'Alvito, son of ---.  m secondly (1559) BERNARDETTO de' Medici Signore d'Ottaiano, son of ---. 

iii)        PORZIA de´ Medici .  Nun at the Augustine convent of San Clemente, Florence 1538. 

2.         CLARISSA de' Medici (Florence 1493-Florence 3 May 1528).  m (1508) GIANBATTISTA Strozzi 'Filippo The Younger', son of --- (1488-18 Sep 1538). 

3.         COSIMO (-young). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    MANTUA

 

 

Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that in 1328 the Gonzaga brothers killed "Dominum Passarinum de Bonacossis" and took the lordship of the city of Mantua[5].  Gianfrancesco Gonzaga Signore di Mantua was created Marchese di Mantua by the emperor in 1433.  His descendant Federico II Marchese di Mantua was created duke of Mantua in 1530. 

 

 

 

A.      SIGNORI di MANTUA (GONZAGA)

 

 

1.         LODOVICO [I] Gonzaga ([1267]-18 Jan 1360).  Podestà di Mantua 1318.  m firstly RICHILDA, daughter of RAMBERTO di Ferrar & his wife --- (-1319).  m secondly [CATERINA Malatesta, daughter of ---].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Domino Ludovico [de Gonzaga de Mantua]" married "Dominum Passarinum de Bonacossis…filiam"[6]m thirdly (1340) NOVELLA Malaspina, daughter of ---.  Lodovico & his first wife had five children: 

a)         GUIDO Gonzaga ([1291]-22 Sep 1369).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Domini Guido, Philippinus et Feltrinus fratres filii Domini Ludovici de Gonzaga de Mantua" killed "Dominum Passarinum de Bonacossis" in 1328 and took the lordship of the city[7]

-        see below

b)         FILIPPINO Gonzaga (-5 Apr 1356).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Domini Guido, Philippinus et Feltrinus fratres filii Domini Ludovici de Gonzaga de Mantua" killed "Dominum Passarinum de Bonacossis" in 1328 and took the lordship of the city[8].  His parentage is confirmed by Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum which records that "[filius]…Domini Bernabovis…Dominus Mastolus" was imprisoned "in civitatem Brixiæ…in cittadella et castro" with "Domino Guilielmo et Guidone fratribus de Gonzaga filiis quondam Domini Feltrini olim Domini civitatis Regii et olim Domini civitatis Mantuæ…cum aliis fratribus suis…Domino Guidone patre Domini Ugolini…et Domino Philippino, Domino Frederico et Domino Alberto omnibus fratribus filiis quondam Domini Ludovici de Gonzaga"[9]m firstly ANNA da Dovara di Cremona, daughter of NICCOLO da Cremona & his wife ---.  m secondly (9 Sep 1354) as her first husband, VERENA von Habsburg-Laufenburg, daughter of JOHANN II Graf von Laufenburg [Habsburg] & his wife Verena de Neuchâtel-Blamont.  She married secondly Burchard [XI] Graf von Hohenberg Herr von Nagold.  Filippino & his first wife had one child: 

i)          GIGLIOLA Gonzaga (-1354).  The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records that "Matthæus…[filius] quondam Domini Stephani" married "Domina Ziliola filia Domini Philippini de Gonzaga de Mantua"[10].  The Annales Mediolanenses name "Matthæum…[filium] quondam domini Stephani Vicecomitis" and "Domini Philippi de Gonzaga soceri sui" when recording that Matteo was exiled "in dominio Marchionis Montisferrati in Terra Morani cum uxore sua Domina Ziliola" in 1339[11]m (1339 or before) MATTEO [II] Visconti, son of STEFANO Visconti & his wife Valentina Doria (1319-Milan [26/29] Sep 1355). 

c)         FELTRINO Gonzaga (-after May 1371).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Domini Guido, Philippinus et Feltrinus fratres filii Domini Ludovici de Gonzaga de Mantua" killed "Dominum Passarinum de Bonacossis" in 1328 and took the lordship of the city, adding that Feltrino held "dominio civitatis Regii" but lost it in 1371 to "Domini Bernabovis Vicecomitis"[12].  Lord of Reggio.  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Bernabos Vicecomes civitatum Pergami, Brixiæ, Cremonæ, Parmæ et Laudæ, et medietatis civitatis Mediolani, et totius castri Cremæ, Sarzanæ, et Burgi S. Donini Dominus generali" had "dominium civitatis Regii et Castri Corrigii" from "Domino Feltrino de Gonzaga qui erat Dominus dictæ civitatis Regii" in May 1371[13]m firstly ---.  m secondly (after Oct 1362) as her second husband, CATARINA Visconti, widow of UGOLINO Gonzaga di Mantua, daughter of MATTEO [II] Visconti Lord of Milan & his wife (-10 Oct 1382).  Feltrino & his first wife had two children: 

i)          GUGLIELMO Gonzaga .  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "[filius]…Domini Bernabovis…Dominus Mastolus" was imprisoned "in civitatem Brixiæ…in cittadella et castro" with "Domino Guilielmo et Guidone fratribus de Gonzaga filiis quondam Domini Feltrini olim Domini civitatis Regii et olim Domini civitatis Mantuæ…cum aliis fratribus suis…Domino Guidone patre Domini Ugolini…et Domino Philippino, Domino Frederico et Domino Alberto omnibus fratribus filiis quondam Domini Ludovici de Gonzaga"[14]

-         SIGNORI di BAGNOLO, CONTI di NOVELLARA

ii)         GUIDO Gonzaga .  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "[filius]…Domini Bernabovis…Dominus Mastolus" was imprisoned "in civitatem Brixiæ…in cittadella et castro" with "Domino Guilielmo et Guidone fratribus de Gonzaga filiis quondam Domini Feltrini olim Domini civitatis Regii et olim Domini civitatis Mantuæ…cum aliis fratribus suis…Domino Guidone patre Domini Ugolini…et Domino Philippino, Domino Frederico et Domino Alberto omnibus fratribus filiis quondam Domini Ludovici de Gonzaga"[15]

d)         FEDERICO [Corrado?] GonzagaHis parentage is confirmed by Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum which records that "[filius]…Domini Bernabovis…Dominus Mastolus" was imprisoned "in civitatem Brixiæ…in cittadella et castro" with "Domino Guilielmo et Guidone fratribus de Gonzaga filiis quondam Domini Feltrini olim Domini civitatis Regii et olim Domini civitatis Mantuæ…cum aliis fratribus suis…Domino Guidone patre Domini Ugolini…et Domino Philippino, Domino Frederico et Domino Alberto omnibus fratribus filiis quondam Domini Ludovici de Gonzaga"[16]m (1340) PAOLA Beccaria di Pavia, daughter of ---.  Corrado & his wife had children: 

i)          FILIPPINO Gonzaga (-1414).  m ---.  The name of Filippino´s wife is not known. 

-         MARCHESI di PALAZZOLO

e)         ALBERTO Gonzaga .  His parentage is confirmed by Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum which records that "[filius]…Domini Bernabovis…Dominus Mastolus" was imprisoned "in civitatem Brixiæ…in cittadella et castro" with "Domino Guilielmo et Guidone fratribus de Gonzaga filiis quondam Domini Feltrini olim Domini civitatis Regii et olim Domini civitatis Mantuæ…cum aliis fratribus suis…Domino Guidone patre Domini Ugolini…et Domino Philippino, Domino Frederico et Domino Alberto omnibus fratribus filiis quondam Domini Ludovici de Gonzaga"[17]

 

 

GUIDO Gonzaga, son of LODOVICO [I] Gonzaga Podestà di Mantua & his first wife Richilda --- ([1291]-22 Sep 1369).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Domini Guido, Philippinus et Feltrinus fratres filii Domini Ludovici de Gonzaga de Mantua" killed "Dominum Passarinum de Bonacossis" in 1328 and took the lordship of the city[18].  His parentage is confirmed by Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum which records that "[filius]…Domini Bernabovis…Dominus Mastolus" was imprisoned "in civitatem Brixiæ…in cittadella et castro" with "Domino Guilielmo et Guidone fratribus de Gonzaga filiis quondam Domini Feltrini olim Domini civitatis Regii et olim Domini civitatis Mantuæ…cum aliis fratribus suis…Domino Guidone patre Domini Ugolini…et Domino Philippino, Domino Frederico et Domino Alberto omnibus fratribus filiis quondam Domini Ludovici de Gonzaga"[19].  Podestà di Reggio. 

m firstly AGNESE Pico di Mirandola, daughter of FRANCESCO Pico di Mirandola & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

m secondly CAMILLA Beccaria, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

m thirdly BEATRICE, daughter of ODOARDO Conte di Bari & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

Guido & his first wife had one child: 

1.         BEATRICE Gonzaga .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m (Ferrara 21 Jan 1335) NICCOLO [I] d´Este Signore di Ferrara, son of ALDOBRANDINO [II d'Este Signor di Modena & his wife Alda Rangoni (-Ferrara 1 May 1344). 

Guido & his third wife had six children: 

2.         UGOLINO Gonzaga (-murdered 14 Oct 1362).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Ugolinus de Gonzaga filius…Domini Guidonis de Gonzaga" governed "civitatem Mantuæ vivente patre sene"[20].  His parentage is confirmed by Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum which records that "[filius]…Domini Bernabovis…Dominus Mastolus" was imprisoned "in civitatem Brixiæ…in cittadella et castro" with "Domino Guilielmo et Guidone fratribus de Gonzaga filiis quondam Domini Feltrini olim Domini civitatis Regii et olim Domini civitatis Mantuæ…cum aliis fratribus suis…Domino Guidone patre Domini Ugolini…et Domino Philippino, Domino Frederico et Domino Alberto omnibus fratribus filiis quondam Domini Ludovici de Gonzaga"[21]Lord of Mantua.  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Domini Ugolini de Gonzaga Dominus Mantuæ…Raymundinus Lupus de Soragna episcopatus Parmiæ…Taxinus de Donatis de Florentia pro Domino Johanne de Olegio Domino Bononiæ…Nicolaus frater Domini Oldrevandini Marchionis Ferrariæ et Mutinæ" formed a league with "societate Teutonicorum Domini Comitis Altimani de Alemannia" in Oct 1357[22].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Domini Ludovicus et Franciscus fratres…Domini Ugolini" killed "ipsum Dominum Ugolinum" in 1362 while their father was still alive[23]m firstly (1340) as her second husband, VERDE della Scala, widow of ---, daughter of ALBOINO [I] della Scala di Verona & his wife ---.  m secondly CAMILLA della Gherardesca, daughter of BONIFAZIO Novello della Gherardesca Conte di Donoratico & his wife Contelda Spinola (-1349).  m thirdly ([1358/59]) as her first husband, CATARINA Visconti, daughter of MATTEO [II] Visconti Lord of Milan & his wife (-10 Oct 1382).  The Annales Mediolanenses record the marriage in 1358 of "Dominam Catherinam filiam quondam Domini Mathæi" and "Domino Ugolino [de Gonzaga]"[24].  She married secondly Feltrino Gonzaga Signore di Bagnolo e Novellara.  Ugolino & his second wife had one child: 

a)         TEODORA Gonzaga m (1365) FEDERICO da Montefeltro, son of (-1370).  

3.         MARGHERITA Gonzaga (-1399)m GIACOPO da Carrara, son of ---. 

4.         TOMMASINA Gonzaga m AZZONE di Corregio, son of ---. 

5.         LODOVICO [II] Gonzaga (1334-4 Oct 1382).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Domini Ludovicus et Franciscus fratres…Domini Ugolini" killed "ipsum Dominum Ugolinum" in 1362 while their father was still alive[25].  Imperial Vicar of Mantua 1365.  The Annales Mediolanenses record the death in Oct 1382 of "Dominum Ludovicus de Gonzaga Dominus Mantuæ"[26]m (16 Feb 1356) ALDA d´Este, legitimated daughter of OBIZZO [III] d´Este & his second wife Lippa di Arosto (18 Jul 1333-before 24 Sep 1381).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 20 Jun 1377 from "domini Ludovici de Gonzaga" which names his wife "domina Alda" and her brother "dominus Marchio" and "domina Verde consorte ipsius"[27].  "Regina de la Scala consors…domini Mediolani" sent a letter of condolence to "domino Ludovico de Gonzaga" on the death of "consortis vestre et sororis nostre…domine Alde Estensis marchionisse" dated 24 Sep 1381[28].  Lodovico [II] & his wife had two children: 

a)         GIANFRANCESCO Gonzaga (1363-8 Mar 1407).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Dominus Johannes Franciscus filius…Domini Ludovici" succeeded his father and was still holding the lordship in 1400[29].  "Regina de la Scala consors…domini Mediolani" confirmed her benevolence to "domino Francischo de Gonzaga, Mantue…imperiali vicario generali…nec non consortem vestram Malgaritam et Elisabeth…et sororem" by charter dated 7 Nov 1382[30]m firstly (by proxy 15 Aug 1375, [25 Dec] 1380) AGNESE Visconti, daughter of BERNABÒ Visconti Lord of Milan & his wife Beatrice "Regina" della Scala ([1362]-executed Mantua 1391).  A charter dated 15 Aug 1375 records the marriage by proxy between "dominam Agnetem filiam legitimam…domini Bernabovis" and "domini Francischi filii legiptimi…domini Ludovici"[31].  The Annales Mediolanenses record the marriage in 1380 of "Dominus Barnabos…aliam filiam suam" and "Domini Mantuæ"[32].  A charter dated 26 Sep 1380 notifies the marriage of "Agnetis filie…Bernabos", addressed to "domino Ludovicho de Gonzaga", but does not name her husband[33].  "Regina de la Scala" notified "domino Ludovicho de Gonzaga" that she proposed the marriage of "natam nostram…et nurum vestram Agnetem" should take place at Christmas, by charter dated 18 Sep 1380[34].  The Annales Mediolanenses record that "Dominus Franciscus de Gonzaga Dominus Mantuæ" had his wife "filiam Domini Bernabovis Vicecomitis" beheaded in 1391, "causa, quia hoc fecit, non bene scitur"[35]m secondly (1393) MARGHERITA Malatesta, daughter of GALEOTTO Malatesta Signor di Rimini e Pesaro & his wife Elisabetta Varano (-1399).  Gianfrancesco & his first wife had one child: 

i)          ALDA Gonzaga (-1405)m (1397) FRANCESCO da Carrara di Padua, son of FRANCESCO [II] da Carrara Signore di Padua & his wife Taddea d´Este (1377-1406).  

Gianfrancesco & his second wife had two children: 

ii)         GIANFRANCESCO Gonzaga (1395-25 Sep 1444).  Marchese di Mantua 1433. 

-         MARCHESI di MANTUA

iii)        SUSANNA Gonzaga

b)         ELISABETTA Gonzaga .  "Regina de la Scala consors…domini Mediolani" confirmed her benevolence to "domino Francischo de Gonzaga, Mantue…imperiali vicario generali…nec non consortem vestram Malgaritam et Elisabeth…et sororem" by charter dated 7 Nov 1382[36]m (1386) CARLO Malatesta di Rimini, son of --- (-1429). 

6.         FRANCESCO Gonzaga (-7 Jul 1369).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Domini Ludovicus et Franciscus fratres…Domini Ugolini" killed "ipsum Dominum Ugolinum" in 1362 while their father was still alive[37].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records the death in 1369 of "Dominus Franciscus"[38]m LIENTA di Pollenta, daughter of ---.  

7.         ELENA Gonzaga

 

 

 

B.      MARCHESI di MANTUA (GONZAGA)

 

 

GIANFRANCESCO Gonzaga, son of GIANFRANCESCO Gonzaga Signore di Mantua & his second wife Margherita Malatesta (1395-25 Sep 1444).  Signore di Mantua.  Marchese di Mantua 1433. 

m (1410) PAOLA Malatesta, daughter of MALATESTA Malatesta di Rimini & his wife Elisabetta Varano (-1449). 

Gianfrancesco & his wife had seven children: 

1.         LODOVICO Gonzaga (5 Jun 1414-12 Jun 1478).  He succeeded his father in 1444 as LODOVICO III Marchese di Mantuam (Mantua 12 Nov 1433) BARBARA von Brandenburg, daughter of JOHANN "der Alchymist" Markgraf von Brandenburg & his wife Barbara von Sachsen (1423-Mantua 7 Nov 1481, bur Mantua San Francesco).  Lodovico III & his wife had children: 

a)         FEDERICO Gonzaga (25 Jun 1441-Mantua 14 Jul 1484, bur Mantua San Andrea)He succeeded his father 1478 as FEDERIGO I Marchese di Mantua

-        see below

b)         FRANCESCO Gonzaga (1444-22 Oct 1483).  Cardinal 1464. 

c)         GIANFRANCO Gonzaga (1445-1498).  Conte di Sabionetta.  m ANTONIA del Balzo, daughter of ---.  1538. 

-        CONTI di SABIONETTA, DUCHI di SABIONETTA, CONTI di SAN MARTINO, PRINCIPI di SAN MARTINO

d)         SUSANNA Gonzaga (1447-19 Dec 1481).  A nun. 

e)         DOROTEA Gonzaga (1449-1468)m (1466) as his first wife, GALEAZZO MARIA Sforza Duke of Milan, son of FRANCESCO I Sforza Duke of Milan & his second wife Bianca Maria Visconti (Milan 24 Jan 1444-murdered 26 Dec 1476). 

f)          RODOLFO Gonzaga (1451-killed in battle 1494).  Sn di Castiglione e Solserino.  m (1480) CATARINA Pico di Mirandola, daughter of ---. 

-        SIGNORI di LUZZARA, SIGNORI di CASTIGLIONE, PRINCIPI di CASTIGLIONE

g)         LUCIA Gonzaga (1451-). 

h)         BARBARA Gonzaga (Dec 1455-31 May 1503)m (12 Apr 1474) EBERHARD I Herzog von Württemberg, son of --- (11 Dec 1445-24 Feb 1496). 

i)          LODOVICO Gonzaga (1458-4 Jan 1511).  Bishop of Mantua 1483. 

j)          PAOLA Gonzaga (1463-winter [1495/96])m (11 Jul 1476, 15 Nov 1478) as his second wife, LEONHARD Graf von Görz, son of HEINRICH V Graf von Görz & his second way Katalin Garay (1440-12 Apr 1500). 

2.         CARLO Gonzaga (-21 Dec 1456)m (1437) LUCIA d’Este, daughter of NICCOLO [III] Signore di Ferrara e Modena & his second wife Parisina Malatesta (24 Mar 1419-28 Jun 1437). 

3.         LUCIA Gonzaga .  Nun. 

4.         LEONELLA Gonzaga .  Nun. 

5.         MARGHERITA Gonzaga (-3 Jul 1439)m (Jan 1435) as his first wife, LEONELLO d’Este, legitimated son of NICCOLO [III] Signore di Ferrara e Modena & his mistress Stella dei Tolomei dell´Assassino (Ferrara 21 Sep 1407-Palazzo di Belriguardo 1 Oct 1450, bur Ferrara Santa Maria degli Angeli).  He succeeded his father in 1441 as Signore di Ferrara, Modena e Reggio. 

6.         GIOVANNI LUCIO [Gianlucido] Gonzaga (1421-11 Jun 1448). 

7.         ALESSANDRO Gonzaga (-16 Jan 1466)m AGNESE di Montefelfro, daughter of GUIDO ANTONIO da Montefeltro Conte di Urbino & his wife --- (-16 Dec 1447). 

 

 

FEDERICO Gonzaga, son of LODOVICO Gonzaga di Mantua [later LODOVICO III Marchese di Mantua] & his wife Barbara von Brandenburg (25 Jun 1441-Mantua 14 Jul 1484, bur Mantua San Andrea).  He succeeded his father 1478 as FEDERICO I Marchese di Mantua

m (Mantua 10 May 1463) MARGARETA von Bayern, daughter of ALBRECHT III Duke of Bavaria & his wife Anna von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (1 Jan 1442-Mantua 14 Oct 1479, bur Mantua San Andrea). 

Federico & his wife had six children: 

1.         CHIARA Gonzaga (1 Jul 1464-2 Jun 1503, bur Aigueperse, Chapelle Saint-Louis)m (contract Mantua 24 Feb 1482) GILBERT de Bourbon "le Comte-dauphin", son of LOUIS de Bourbon Comte de Montpensier, Dauphin d'Auvergne, Comte de Clermont et de Sancerre & his second wife Gabrielle de La Tour ([1447/48]-Pozzuolo 5 Oct 1496, bur Aigueperse, Chapelle Saint-Louis).  He succeeded his father 1486 as Comte de Montpensier, Dauphin d'Auvergne, Seigneur de Mercœur et de Combraille.  Lieutenant-General and Viceroy of Naples and Archduke of Sessa 4 May 1495. 

2.         GIAN FRANCESCO Gonzaga (10 Aug 1466-29 Mar 1519)He succeeded his father 1484 as GIAN FRANCESCO II Marchese di Mantua

-        see below.

3.         SIGISMONDO Gonzaga (1469-4 Oct 1525).  Cardinal 1500. 

4.         ELISABETTA Gonzaga (1471-1526)m (1486) GUIDOBALDO da Montefeltro Duke of Urbino, son of --- (-1508). 

5.         MADDALENA Gonzaga (Mantua 1472-Pesaro 8 Jan 1490)m (27 Oct 1489) as his first wife, GIOVANNI Sforza Signore di Pesaro, illegitimate son of COSTANZO Sforza Signore di Pesaro & his mistress Fiora Boni (Pesaro 5 Jul 1466-Pesaro 19 Jul 1510). 

6.         GIOVANNI Gonzaga (1474-23 Sep 1525)m (1493) LAURA Bentivoglio, daughter of GIOVANNI [II] Bentivoglio di Bologna & his wife --- (-1523). 

-        CONTI di VESCOVADO, PRINCIPI di VESCOVEDI

 

 

GIAN FRANCESCO Gonzaga, of FEDERICO I Marchese di Mantua & his wife Margareta von Bayern (10 Aug 1466-29 Mar 1519).  He succeeded his father 1484 as GIAN FRANCESCO II Marchese di Mantua

m (12 Feb 1490) ISABELLA d’Este, daughter of ERCOLE I d’Este Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio & his wife Eleonora of Naples (18 May 1474-13 Feb 1539). 

Gian Francesco & his wife had children: 

1.         ELEONORA Gonzaga (Mantua 31 Dec 1493-Urbino 13 Feb 1550)m firstly ANTONIO Signore di Montalto, son of ---.  m secondly (before 1513) FRANCESCO MARIA I della Rovere Duke of Urbino, son of --- (1490-1538). 

2.         IPPOLITA Gonzaga (-16 Mar 1570).  A nun. 

3.         PAOLA Gonzaga (-1569). 

4.         FEDERICO Gonzaga (17 May 1500-28 Jun 1540).  He succeeded his father 1519 as FEDERICO II Marchese di Mantua.  Duke of Mantua from 1530.  Betrothed to MARIA di Monferrato, daughter of GUGLIELMO XI GIOVANNI Marchese di Monferrato & his wife Anne d'Alençon (1509-1531).  The Masarelli Vatican manuscript records that the children of Guglielmo & his wife were (in order) Boniface, Maria and an unnamed daughter, stating that Maria married Federico of Mantua[39]m (16 Nov 1531) MARGHERITA di Monferrato, daughter of GUGLIELMO XI GIOVANNI Marchese di Monferrato & his wife Anne d'Alençon (11 Aug 1510-28 Dec 1566).  The Masarelli Vatican manuscript records that the children of Guglielmo & his wife were (in order) Boniface, Maria and an unnamed daughter[40].  A manuscript which records details of the Musaki family records that the daughter of "il…signor Guglielmo…de Monferrato" and his wife married "signor Federico duca de Mantua"[41].  Heiress of Monferrato, sequestrated 1533.  She and her heirs were transferred 3 Nov 1536 by Emperor Karl V. 

-        DUKES of MANTUA

5.         ERCOLE Gonzaga (22 Nov 1505-2 Mar 1563).  Cardinal 1527.  Regent 1540. 

6.         FERDINANDO [Ferrante] [I] Gonzaga (28 Jan 1507-15 Nov 1557).  Conte di Guastalla 1539.  m (1529) ISABELLA di Capua, daughter of FERDINANDO [Ferrante] di Capua Principe di Molfetta & his wife --- (-17 Sep 1559). 

-        CONTI di GUASTALLA, DUCHI di GUASTALLA e SABIONETTA

7.         LIVIA Gonzaga (1509-1569).  A nun. 

8.         PIETRO Gonzaga (-after 1527).  Cardinal 1527. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    RIMINI

 

 

The charters reproduced by Tonini demonstrate a dual system of government in the city of Rimini during the early 13th century, with both the commune of Rimini and also the "podestà" of Rimini acting in different capacities[42].  It does not appear that the podestà acted in the name of, or headed, the commune, although the precise relationship between the two is not apparent from the documentation.  In common with other northern Italian cities, a third element is also present in the administration.  The local counts were the conti di Carpegna, who submitted their land to the commune of Rimini by charter dated 2 Sep 1232[43].  However, the comital family retained some degree of status in the city, at least for a few years, as demonstrated by a charter dated 21 Jan 1252 which names "Dno Guidone comite de Carpinyo" among those present at a commitment made by representatives of the bishop of Rimini to the commune of Rimini[44].  This arrangement appears similar to the one which prevailed in Verona, as discussed in the document NORTHERN ITALY (2).  In common with other northern Italian cities, a prominent local family emerged as leader of Rimini during the course of the 13th and early 14th centuries: the family Malatesta are recorded as having settled in Rimini in 1216 (see below, Part B.) and are named regularly in subsequent documents.  The pre-eminence of their leadership in Rimini was not unchallenged at that time: the Montefeltro family from Urbino are also recorded in documentation relating to Rimini and, in 1265, Taddeo Conti di Montefeltro is named as podestà of the city[45].  By the early 1260s, Malatesta [III] enjoyed a position of some power, as demonstrated by the Pope writing several times to him direct.  It is possible that Malatesta was able to profit from the enmity between the Montefeltro family and the Pope to consolidate his position in Rimini: Pope Martin IV described Guido da Montefeltro as "persecutorem Romanæ eccliæ" in a charter dated 9 Oct 1281[46].  Rimini was incorporated into the Papal States in 1528.  

 

 

 

A.      CONTI di CARPEGNA

 

 

1.         UGO (-after 2 Sep 1232).  Conte di Carpegna.  "Dns Ugo comes de Carpigno…pro se et fre suo dono Rainerio eorumque filiis et herdibus" submitted their land to the commune of Rimini by charter dated 2 Sep 1232[47]

2.         RANIERI di Carpegna (-after 2 Sep 1232).  A charter dated 28 Sep 1228 records an agreement between "dnm Bonucomitem pro se et Dadeo fre suo et dnm Rainerium de Capigno…civit Urbini" and the city of Rimini[48].  "Dns Ugo comes de Carpigno…pro se et fre suo dono Rainerio eorumque filiis et herdibus" submitted their land to the commune of Rimini by charter dated 2 Sep 1232[49]m ---.  The name of Ranieri´s wife is not known.  Ranieri & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUIDO (-after 10 Sep 1232).  A supplement, dated 10 Sep, to a charter dated 2 Sep 1232 records that "Rainerius comes de Carpigno e Guido e Rainerio suoi figli" confirmed the grant by "Dns Ugo comes de Carpigno…pro se et fre suo dono Rainerio eorumque filiis et herdibus" to the commune of Rimini[50]Conte di Carpegna.  "…Dno Guidone comite de Carpinyo" is named as present in a charter dated 21 Jan 1252 which records a commitment made by representatives of the bishop of Rimini to the commune of Rimini and "nobilem vicarum dnum Thadeum comitem Montisferetri"[51]m BEATRICE, daughter of --- (-after 28 Aug 1269).  "Dna Beatricis uxor q. Dni Guidonis comitis de Glazolo" acting in the name of "legatorum sibi relictorum a d. viro suo et a filiis suis Raynerio et Uberto comitibus quos habuit ex d. viro suo" and "filiæ dicti Dni Guidonis Dna Manentessa uxor Dni Guidonis comitis Montisferetri, ipso viro suo præsente" and "Dna Sapia" and "Dna Orabilis, sive Beatrisia, filia q. dicti Dno Comitis Uberti" ceded "castris…Glazoli, Cluserculi, Vallispondi, Seguni, Sambugheti, MontisVecli, Montis Puzzoli, Valdarchæ, Ustiglani, Meldulæ, Mustiloæ et Lajolæ" to "Dno Ludovico filio q. Dni Raynaldi de Caminatis" by charter dated 28 Aug 1269[52].  Guido & his wife had [four] children: 

i)          RANIERI (-before 28 Aug 1269).  "Dna Beatricis uxor q. Dni Guidonis comitis de Glazolo" acting in the name of "legatorum sibi relictorum a d. viro suo et a filiis suis Raynerio et Uberto comitibus quos habuit ex d. viro suo" and "filiæ dicti Dni Guidonis Dna Manentessa uxor Dni Guidonis comitis Montisferetri, ipso viro suo præsente" and "Dna Sapia" and "Dna Orabilis, sive Beatrisia, filia q. dicti Dno Comitis Uberti" ceded "castris…Glazoli, Cluserculi, Vallispondi, Seguni, Sambugheti, MontisVecli, Montis Puzzoli, Valdarchæ, Ustiglani, Meldulæ, Mustiloæ et Lajolæ" to "Dno Ludovico filio q. Dni Raynaldi de Caminatis" by charter dated 28 Aug 1269[53]

ii)         UBERTO (-before 28 Aug 1269).  "Dna Beatricis uxor q. Dni Guidonis comitis de Glazolo" acting in the name of "legatorum sibi relictorum a d. viro suo et a filiis suis Raynerio et Uberto comitibus quos habuit ex d. viro suo" and "filiæ dicti Dni Guidonis Dna Manentessa uxor Dni Guidonis comitis Montisferetri, ipso viro suo præsente" and "Dna Sapia" and "Dna Orabilis, sive Beatrisia, filia q. dicti Dno Comitis Uberti" ceded "castris…Glazoli, Cluserculi, Vallispondi, Seguni, Sambugheti, MontisVecli, Montis Puzzoli, Valdarchæ, Ustiglani, Meldulæ, Mustiloæ et Lajolæ" to "Dno Ludovico filio q. Dni Raynaldi de Caminatis" by charter dated 28 Aug 1269[54].  m ---.  The name of Uberto´s wife is not known.  Uberto & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ORABILIA [Beatrice] (-after 28 Aug 1269).  "Dna Beatricis uxor q. Dni Guidonis comitis de Glazolo" acting in the name of "legatorum sibi relictorum a d. viro suo et a filiis suis Raynerio et Uberto comitibus quos habuit ex d. viro suo" and "filiæ dicti Dni Guidonis Dna Manentessa uxor Dni Guidonis comitis Montisferetri, ipso viro suo præsente" and "Dna Sapia" and "Dna Orabilis, sive Beatrisia, filia q. dicti Dno Comitis Uberti" ceded "castris…Glazoli, Cluserculi, Vallispondi, Seguni, Sambugheti, MontisVecli, Montis Puzzoli, Valdarchæ, Ustiglani, Meldulæ, Mustiloæ et Lajolæ" to "Dno Ludovico filio q. Dni Raynaldi de Caminatis" by charter dated 28 Aug 1269[55]

iii)        MANENTESSA (-after 28 Aug 1269).  "Dna Beatricis uxor q. Dni Guidonis comitis de Glazolo" acting in the name of "legatorum sibi relictorum a d. viro suo et a filiis suis Raynerio et Uberto comitibus quos habuit ex d. viro suo" and "filiæ dicti Dni Guidonis Dna Manentessa uxor Dni Guidonis comitis Montisferetri, ipso viro suo præsente" and "Dna Sapia" and "Dna Orabilis, sive Beatrisia, filia q. dicti Dno Comitis Uberti" ceded "castris…Glazoli, Cluserculi, Vallispondi, Seguni, Sambugheti, MontisVecli, Montis Puzzoli, Valdarchæ, Ustiglani, Meldulæ, Mustiloæ et Lajolæ" to "Dno Ludovico filio q. Dni Raynaldi de Caminatis" by charter dated 28 Aug 1269[56]m GUIDO da Montefeltro Conte di Montefeltro, son of MONTEFELTRANO da Montefeltro & his wife --- (-1298). 

iv)        [SAPIA (-after 28 Aug 1269).  "Dna Beatricis uxor q. Dni Guidonis comitis de Glazolo" acting in the name of "legatorum sibi relictorum a d. viro suo et a filiis suis Raynerio et Uberto comitibus quos habuit ex d. viro suo" and "filiæ dicti Dni Guidonis Dna Manentessa uxor Dni Guidonis comitis Montisferetri, ipso viro suo præsente" and "Dna Sapia" and "Dna Orabilis, sive Beatrisia, filia q. dicti Dno Comitis Uberti" ceded "castris…Glazoli, Cluserculi, Vallispondi, Seguni, Sambugheti, MontisVecli, Montis Puzzoli, Valdarchæ, Ustiglani, Meldulæ, Mustiloæ et Lajolæ" to "Dno Ludovico filio q. Dni Raynaldi de Caminatis" by charter dated 28 Aug 1269[57].  The document does not specify Sapia´s parentage, but the wording suggests that she may have been the younger sister of Manentessa, presumably unmarried at the time.] 

b)         RANIERI (-after 10 Sep 1232).  A supplement, dated 10 Sep, to a charter dated 2 Sep 1232 records that "Rainerius comes de Carpigno e Guido e Rainerio suoi figli" confirmed the grant by "Dns Ugo comes de Carpigno…pro se et fre suo dono Rainerio eorumque filiis et herdibus" to the commune of Rimini[58]

 

 

 

B.      PESARO, RIMINI (MALATESTA)

 

 

1.         MALATESTA [I] (-before 28 Aug 1210).  m ALABURGA, daughter of --- (-after 28 Aug 1210).  "Malatesta qndam filii Malateste cum matre mea dna Alaburga" donated property to Mazaferro, with the consent of "uxore mea dna Adalasia", by charter dated 28 Aug 1210[59].  Malatesta & his wife had [three] children:

a)         GIOVANNI [I] Malatesta (-after 18 Mar 1216).  "Dni Johes Malatesta et Malatesta" promised "dno Ottoni de Mandello Pot Arim" [Podestà di Rimini] to settle at Rimini "cum tota sua familia" by charter dated 18 Mar 1216[60].  

b)         MALATESTA [II] della Penna (-1248).  "Malatesta qndam filii Malateste cum matre mea dna Alaburga" donated property to Mazaferro, with the consent of "uxore mea dna Adalasia", by charter dated 28 Aug 1210[61].  "Dni Johes Malatesta et Malatesta" promised "dno Ottoni de Mandello Pot Arim" [Podestà di Rimini] to settle at Rimini "cum tota sua familia" by charter dated 18 Mar 1216[62].  m ADALASIA, daughter of ---.  "Malatesta qndam filii Malateste cum matre mea dna Alaburga" donated property to Mazaferro, with the consent of "uxore mea dna Adalasia", by charter dated 28 Aug 1210[63].  

c)         [RAMBERTO Malatesta (-before 14 Jan 1276).  The document quoted below names "Dni Ramberti Malateste" as father of Giovanni, presumably.  This could indicate that Ramberto´s father was either Malatesta [I] or Malatesta [II].]  m ---.  The name of Ramberto´s wife is not known.  Ramberto & his wife had one child: 

i)          GIOVANNI (-after 21 Feb 1287).  A proxy dated 14 Jan 1276 names "nobilis militis Dni Malatestæ de Veruclo et Pauli filii ipsius Dni Malatestæ…de comitatu Feretrano…Dno Guidone comite Montisferetri et Dno Joanne quondam Dni Ramberti Malateste"[64].  A charter dated 21 Feb 1287 names "Dnus Malatesta de Viruculo dnus Joes dni Ramberti de Malatestis et Johes et Maletestinus filii d. dni Malateste" as proxies to negotiate peace with "dnis fratres Albrigo, Ugolino eius filio, et Franco q. dni Alberghici de Manfredis"[65]

 

 

The charters quoted below show that Malatesta [III] was the grandson of Malatesta [I] but do not name his father.  The fact that he named his oldest known son Giovanni suggests that he may have been the son of Giovanni [I]. 

1.         MALATESTA [III] da Verrucchio ([1212]-Rimini 1312).  Filippo Bishop of Rimini granted "castrum Glazolum" {Ghiaggiolo} to "Malatestæ de Veruculo de Arimino tuisque filiis et nepotibus" by charter dated 15 Mar 1263, in the presence of "Dño Azzo comite Bagnacaualli…"[66].  Podestà di Rimini.  A bull of Pope Urban IV dated 23 Jul 1263 records the intercession of "nobilis vir Malatesta de Veruculo Potestas Ariminensis"[67].  Pope Urban IV confirmed privileges to "nobili viro Malateste et Concordie uxori eius civibus Ariminen." assumed by "quondam --- patrem tuum fili. M. per rapinam et alios modos illicitos" by charter dated 6 Nov 1263[68].  Pope Urban IV granted privileges relating to the church of Romagna to "Malatesta et Johes ac Paulus filii eius cives Ariminen." by charter dated 9 Feb 1264[69].  Pope Clement IV gave news of the victory of Charles King of Sicily [Anjou-Capet] at Lago Fucino to "nob. viro Malateste de Veruculo et comiti Matheo de Montefiltro" by charter dated 26 Aug 1268[70].  A proxy dated 14 Jan 1276 names "nobilis militis Dni Malatestæ de Veruclo et Pauli filii ipsius Dni Malatestæ…de comitatu Feretrano…Dno Guidone comite Montisferetri et Dno Joanne quondam Dni Ramberti Malateste"[71].  A charter dated Oct 1285 records a lawsuit brought by "Magnificus Dns Malatesta de Veruculo potas Arimin" against "Phylipucium bastardum qdam dni Thadei comitis…Coradi filii qdm supracscripti dni Thadei comitis"[72]m firstly CONCORDIA, daughter of --- (-[6 Nov 1263/1265]).  Pope Urban IV confirmed privileges to "nobili viro Malateste et Concordie uxori eius civibus Ariminen." assumed by "quondam --- patrem tuum fili. M. per rapinam et alios modos illicitos" by charter dated 6 Nov 1263[73]m secondly (contract 25 Jul 1266) MARGHERITA Paltonieri, daughter of PANDOLFO Paltonieri & his wife ---.  The marriage contract between "Dns Malatesta de Verucolo civis Ariminensis" and "dna Margarita filia qdm dni Pantulfi filii qdm dni Piscis de Paltoneriis de Monte Silice" is dated 25 Jul 1266[74].  Malatesta [III] & his first wife had three children: 

a)         GIOVANNI [II] "lo Sciancato" Malatesta (-1304).  Pope Urban IV granted privileges relating to the church of Romagna to "Malatesta et Johes ac Paulus filii eius cives Ariminen." by charter dated 9 Feb 1264[75].  A charter dated 21 Feb 1287 names "Dnus Malatesta de Viruculo dnus Joes dni Ramberti de Malatestis et Johes et Maletestinus filii d. dni Malateste" as proxies to negotiate peace with "dnis fratres Albrigo, Ugolino eius filio, et Franco q. dni Alberghici de Manfredis"[76].  Podestà di Pesaro 1294.  m FRANCESCA da Polenta, daughter of --- (-murdered 1285).  She was murdered by her husband for her suspected adultery with his brother Paolo.  Giovanni [II] & [his wife] had one child: 

i)          GUIDO (-after 10 Jul 1298).  Pope Boniface VIII conferred "la Pieve di S. Paola di Roncofreddo", vacant following the death of "Ramberti nati…filii…Malateste de Veruculo", on "Guidoni nato Johannes nati…filii…Malateste de Veruculo" by charter dated 10 Jul 1298[77]

b)         PAOLO Malatesta (-murdered 1285).  Pope Urban IV granted privileges relating to the church of Romagna to "Malatesta et Johes ac Paulus filii eius cives Ariminen." by charter dated 9 Feb 1264[78].  A proxy dated 14 Jan 1276 names "nobilis militis Dni Malatestæ de Veruclo et Pauli filii ipsius Dni Malatestæ…de comitatu Feretrano…Dno Guidone comite Montisferetri et Dno Joanne quondam Dni Ramberti Malateste"[79].  He was murdered by his brother Giovanni who suspected him of having committed adultery with his wife. 

c)         RAMBERTO Malatesta (-before 10 Jul 1298).  Pope Boniface VIII conferred "la Pieve di S. Paola di Roncofreddo", vacant following the death of "Ramberti nati…filii…Malateste de Veruculo", on "Guidoni nato Johannes nati…filii…Malateste de Veruculo" by charter dated 10 Jul 1298[80]

Malatesta [III] & his second wife had three children: 

d)         MALATESTA [IV] dall´Ochio Malatesta (-1317).  A charter dated 21 Feb 1287 names "Dnus Malatesta de Viruculo dnus Joes dni Ramberti de Malatestis et Johes et Maletestinus filii d. dni Malateste" as proxies to negotiate peace with "dnis fratres Albrigo, Ugolino eius filio, et Franco q. dni Alberghici de Manfredis"[81]m (Papal dispensation 8 Aug 1288) AGNESE da Montefeltro, daughter of CORRADO da Montefeltro Conte di Montefeltro & his wife ---.  Pope Nicholas IV issued a dispensation dated 8 Aug 1288 for the marriage of "Malatestini Nepotis…fil…Malateste de Verruculo" and "Agnetis nate…Conradi comitis Montisferetri" despite "quarto…consanguinitatis gradu"[82].  Malatesta & his wife had one child: 

i)          FERRANTINO Malatesta (-1353).  Signore di Riminim ---.  The name of Ferrantino´s wife is not known.  Ferrantino & his wife had one child: 

(a)       MALATESTA Novello Malatesta (-1335).  m POLENTESIA da Polenta, daughter of GUIDO Novello da Polenta & his wife Catarina Malabocca.  Malatesta & his wife had one child: 

(1)       RENGARDA Malatestam FRANCESCO Manfredi, son of ALBERGHETTINO Manfredi & his wife Geltrude Belmonte (-1343). 

e)         PANDOLFO [I] Malatesta (-Rimini 6 Apr 1326, bur Rimini San Francesco).  Signore di Pesaro.  m TADDEA, daughter of ---.  Pandolfo & his wife had two children: 

-        see below.  

f)          daughter ([1278/79]-).  Pope Martin IV prohibited "nobili viro Malatestæ de Veruculo civi Ariminen" from betrothing "filia tua, quæ nondum duos annos complevit" to "Guidonem de Montefiltro persecutorem Romanæ eccliæ…uno ex ipsius Guidonis filiis" by charter dated 9 Oct 1281[83]

 

 

PANDOLFO [I] Malatesta, son of MALATESTA [III] Malatesta da Verrucchio & his second wife Margherita Paltonieri (-Rimini 6 Apr 1326, bur Rimini San Francesco).  Signore di Pesaro. 

m TADDEA, daughter of ---. 

Pandolfo & his wife had two children: 

1.         MALATESTA Malatesta "Guastafamiglia" ([1299]-27 Aug 1364).  Signore di Pesaro.  m ---.  Malatesta & his wife had one child: 

a)         PANDOLFO [II] Malatesta (1325-1373).  m (1362) PAOLA Orsini, daughter of --- (-1371).  Pandolfo & his wife had one child: 

i)          MALATESTA Malatesta (-1429).  Signore di Pesaro e Fano.  m (1383) ELISABETTA Varano di Camerino, daughter of RODOLFO Varano & his wife --- (1367-Dec 1405).  Malatesta & his wife had three children: 

(a)       GALEAZZO Malatesta (-1457)m (6 Jun 1405) BATTISTA da Montefeltro, daughter of ANTONIO da Montefeltro & his wife Agnesina --- (1384-3 Jul 1448).  Galeazzo & his wife had one child: 

(1)       ELISABETTA Malatesta (1407-1477).  m (1425) PIERGENTLE Varano, son of RODOLFO Varano & his wife Costanza Smeducci (1400-6 Sep 1433). 

(b)       ANTONIA Malatesta .  "Antonia de Malatestis ducissa Mediolani" granted baking rights to "Johannini de Lomazio" by charter dated 3 Feb 1413[84]m (1408) GIOVANNI MARIA Visconti Duke of Milan, son of GIAN GALEAZZO "il Grande" Duke of Milan & his second wife Caterina Visconti (Milan 7 Sep 1388-murdered San Gottardo 16 May 1412).

(c)       PAOLA Malatesta (1393-1449)m (1410) GIANFRANCESCO Gonzaga Signore di Mantua, son of GIANFRANCESCO Gonzaga Signore di Mantua & his second wife Margherita Malatesta (1395-25 Sep 1444).  Marchese di Mantua 1433. 

(d)       CLEOFA Malatesta (-1433, bur Mistra, Zoodotou Monastery[85])The Historia Byzantina of Michælis Ducæ Nepotis records the marriage of "Theodoro natu minori" and "comes Malatesta filiam suam"[86].  Papal permission for the marriages of the brothers Ioannes and Theodoros with catholic westerners was given as a gesture to improve relations with the Orthodox church after Emperor Manuel II sent ambassadors to the church council at Konstanz[87].  She converted to Greek Orthodoxy, much to the displeasure of her cousin Pope Martin V[88].  Georgios Phrantzes records the death in "anno 6941" of "Malatestæ filia, uxor Theodori despotæ porphyrogeniti, Cleops domina" and her burial "in monasterio Christi Salvatoris"[89]m (19 Jan 1421) THEODOROS Palaiologos Despot of Morea at Mistra, son of Emperor MANUEL II & his wife Jelena Dragaš [Serbia] (-Selymbria 26 Jun 1448). 

b)         GALEOTTO Malatesta "l'Ungharo" (Jun 1327-Jul 1372)Signore di Rimini.  Under-Lord of Pesaro.  m firstly ---.  m secondly COSTANZA d´Este, illegitimate daughter of OBIZZO [III] Signore di Ferrara & his mistress --- (1343-1392).  Malatesta & his first wife had one child: 

i)          COSTANZA Malatesta (-1378)m (1363) UGO d´Este, legitimated son of OBIZZO III Marchese d'Este Signor di Ferrara e Modena & his second wife Lippa Ariosto (Ferrara 18 Oct 1344-[2 Aug 1370], bur Ferrara San Francesco). 

2.         GALEOTTO Malatesta (-Cesena 1385).  Signore di RiminiHe captured Cesena in 1376, and Bertinoro in 1378.  m (1367) ELISABETTA Varano, daughter of RODOLFO Varano & his wife Camilla Chiavelli.  Galeotto & his wife had two children: 

a)         CARLO Malatesta (Jun 1368-13 Sep 1429)Signore di Riminim (1386) ELISABETTA Gonzaga, daughter of LODOVICO [II] Gonzaga Signore di Mantua & his wife Alda d´Este. 

b)         PANDOLFO [III] Malatesta ([1369]-Fano 1427, bur Fano San Francesco).  Signore di Fano.  m ---.  The name of Pandolfo´s wife is not known.  Mistess (1): ANTONIA da Barignano, daugher of ---.  Pandolfo [III] & his wife had one child: 

i)          GALEOTTO ROBERT Malatesta (1412-Sant´Arcangelo 1432).  Signore di Rimini

Pandolfo [III] had two illegitimate children by Mistress (1): 

ii)         SIGISMONDO PANDOLFO Malatesta (Brescia 19 Jun 1417-Castel Sismondo 7 Oct 1468)Signore di RiminiHe was appointed commander-in-chief of the Venetian forces in mainland Greece after the death of Bertoldo d'Este in 1463.  He captured part of the city of Mistra, but was repelled by the Ottomans and returned to Italy[90]m firstly (12 Oct 1440) GINEVRA d´Este, daughter of NICCOLO [III] Signore di Ferrara e Modena & his first wife Gigliola da Carrara (24 Mar 1419-).  m secondly (23 Mar 1443) POLISSENA Sforza, illegitimate daughter of FRANCESCO I Sforza Duke of Milan & his mistress Giovanna d´Acquapendente (Fermo 1428-Rimini Jun 1449).  She was alleged to have been murdered by her husband.  m thirdly (1456) ISOTTA degli Atti, daughter of ---.  Mistress (1): VANNETTA dei Toschi, daughter of ---.  Sigismondo Pandolfo & his second wife had two children: 

(a)        GALEOTTO Malatesta (1442-young). 

(b)        GIOVANNA Malatesta (1444-).  m --- Duca di Camerino, son of ---. 

Sigismondo Pandolfo & his third wife had four children (legitimated by their parents´ marriage): 

(c)        GIOVANNI Malatesta (-young). 

(d)        MARGHERITA Malatestam CARLO di Fortebraccio, son of ---. 

(e)        SALLUSTIO Malatesta (-after 1469).  Signore di Rimini

(f)         ANTONIA Malatesta (-beheaded 1483).  m as his first wife, RODOLFO Gonzaga Signore di Castiglione delle Stiviere, son of ---. 

Sigismondo Pandolfo had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

(g)        ROBERTO Malatesta (1441-1482).  Signore di Riminim ---.  The name of Roberto´s wife is not known.  Roberto & his wife had one child: 

(1)        PANDOLFO Malatesta (-after 1500).  Signore di Rimini.  He was expelled from Rimini in 1500 by Cesare Borgia. 

iii)        DOMENICO Malatesta "Novello" (Brescia 5 Aug 1418-Cesena 20 Nov 1465).  Signore di Cesena 1429.  m (1434) VIOLANTE da Montefeltro, daughter of --- (1430-). 

c)         ANDREA Malatesta (1373-20 Sep 1416).  Signore di Cesena.  m ---.  The name of Andrea´s wife is not known.  Andrea & his wife had one child: 

i)          PARISINA Malatesta (1404-beheaded Ferrara 21 May 1425).  She committed adultery with her husband's illegitimate son Ugo and was beheaded[91].  The 15th century Cronachetta degli Sforza records that "lo marchese Nicholo de Ferrara" beheaded "sua mugliere et Ugo sui figliolo" in 1424, adding that she was "figliola del signore Malatesta de Cesena"[92].  m (1418) as his second wife, NICCOLÒ [III] d'Este Signor di Ferrara e Modena, illegitimate son of ALBERTO d'Este Signor di Ferrara & his mistress Isotta Albaresani (Ferrara 9 Nov 1383-poisoned Milan 26 Dec 1441, bur Ferrara Santa Maria degli Angeli). 

d)         GALEOTTO Novello Malatesta .  Signore di Cervia. 

e)         MARGHERITA Malatesta (-1399)m (1393) as his second wife, GIANFRANCESCO Gonzaga Signore di Mantua, son of LODOVICO [II] Gonzaga Signore di Mantua & his wife Alda d´Este (1363-8 Mar 1407). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    URBINO

 

 

 

A.      CONTI di URBINO, CONTI di MONTEFELTRO (MONTEFELTRO)

 

 

MONTEFELTRANO (-before 2 Dec 1216). 

m ---.  The name of Montefeltrano´s wife is not known. 

Montefeltrano & his wife had two children: 

1.         BONCONTE da Montefeltro (-after [1236]).  "Dns Bon´comes olim filii Monteferetrani…pro se et fratre suo dno Thadeo" acknowledged receipt of money from the commune of Rimini by charter dated 2 Dec 1216[93].  A charter dated 28 Sep 1228 records an agreement between "dnm Bonucomitem pro se et Dadeo fre suo et dnm Rainerium de Capigno…civit Urbini" and the city of Rimini[94]Conte di Urbino.  A charter dated 22 and 27 Sep 1233 records an agreement between, on the one side "dnm Carneleuarium de Pavia de imperiali mandato Rectorem roman." and the other the bishop of Rimini, "dnm Bonucomite Montisfeltri et Urbini comitis" and the commune of Rimini, relating to the war with Urbino[95]m ---.  The name of Bonconte´s wife is not known.  Bonconte & his wife had two children: 

a)         TADDEO da Montefeltro (-after 21 Jan 1252).  "Dnis Dadeo Bonicomitis…" [assumed to indicate that this Taddeo was the son of Bonconte] is named as present in a charter dated 2 Sep 1232 under which "Dns Ugo comes de Carpigno…pro se et fre suo dono Rainerio eorumque filiis et herdibus" submitted their land to the commune of Rimini[96]Conte di Montefeltro.  A charter dated 21 Jan 1252 records a commitment made by representatives of the bishop of Rimini to the commune of Rimini and "nobilem vicarum dnum Thadeum comitem Montisferetri"[97].  Pope Clement IV wrote to "nobili viro Taddeo comiti Feltren potestati Arimenen." dated 26 Oct 1265[98].  Pope Clement IV gave news of the victory of Charles King of Sicily [Anjou-Capet] at Lago Fucino to "nob. viro Malateste de Veruculo et comiti Matheo de Montefiltro" by charter dated 26 Aug 1268[99]m ---.  The name of Taddeo´s wife is not known.  Taddeo & his wife had two children: 

i)          CORRADO da Montefeltro (-[8 Aug 1288/8 Oct 1293]).  Conte di Montefeltro.  A charter dated Oct 1285 records a lawsuit brought by "Magnificus Dns Malatesta de Veruculo potas Arimin" against "Phylipucium bastardum qdam dni Thadei comitis…Coradi filii qdm supracscripti dni Thadei comitis"[100]m ---.  The name of Corrado´s wife is not known.  Corrado & his wife had one child: 

(a)       AGNESE da Montefeltro .  Pope Nicholas IV issued a dispensation dated 8 Aug 1288 for the marriage of "Malatestini Nepotis…fil…Malateste de Verruculo" and "Agnetis nate…Conradi comitis Montisferetri" despite "quarto…consanguinitatis gradu"[101]m (Papal dispensation 8 Aug 1288) MALATESTA [IV] dall´Ochio Malatesta, son of MALATESTA [III] da Verrucchio & his second wife Margherita Paltonieri (-1317). 

ii)         TADDEO da Montefeltro (-after 18 May 1296).  A charter dated 8 Oct 1293 records peace between "Tadeus natus condam dni Tadei comitis Montis feretri et Urbini" and "dno Malatesste de Vuclo eiusque filiis" following "malis opibus Coradi fris ipsius"[102]Conte di Montefeltro, Conte di Urbino.  "Dni Malateste de Veruclo" renewed proposals of friendship to "Tadeo nato dni Tadei Novelli condam comitis Motisferetri et Urbini" by charter dated 18 May 1296[103]

Taddeo had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

iii)        FILIPPO (-after Oct 1285).  A charter dated Oct 1285 records a lawsuit brought by "Magnificus Dns Malatesta de Veruculo potas Arimin" against "Phylipucium bastardum qdam dni Thadei comitis…Coradi filii qdm supracscripti dni Thadei comitis"[104]

b)         MONTEFELTRANO da Montefeltro (-1255).  "Dns Montefeltran" notified the appointment of "dnm Philippum suum judice suum vicarium" to "Hesio pot" [potestà di Rimini] by charter dated 17 Feb 1243[105].  Podestà di Urbino.  m ---.  The name of Montefeltrano´s wife is not known.  Montefeltrano & his wife had one child: 

i)          GUIDO da Montefeltro (-1298)Conte di MontefeltroA bull of Pope Boniface VIII dated 21 Mar 1296 ordered "Guidonis comitis Montisferetri" to release "Galassinum natum quondam Cignacte de Arimino"[106]m MANENTESSA, daughter of GUIDO Conte di Ghiaggiolo & his wife Beatrice ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 28 Aug 1269 under which "Dna Beatricis uxor q. Dni Guidonis comitis de Glazolo", acting in the name of "legatorum sibi relictorum a d. viro suo et a filiis suis Raynerio et Uberto comitibus quos habuit ex d. viro suo", and "filiæ dicti Dni Guidonis Dna Manentessa uxor Dni Guidonis comitis Montisferetri, ipso viro suo præsente" and "Dna Sapia" and "Dna Orabilis, sive Beatrisia, filia q. dicti Dno Comitis Uberti" ceded "castris…Glazoli, Cluserculi, Vallispondi, Seguni, Sambugheti, MontisVecli, Montis Puzzoli, Valdarchæ, Ustiglani, Meldulæ, Mustiloæ et Lajolæ" to "Dno Ludovico filio q. Dni Raynaldi de Caminatis"[107].  Guido & his wife had two children: 

(a)       FEDERICO da Montefeltro (-after 1322)Conte di Urbino 1298-1322.  He was expelled from Urbino. 

-         see below

(b)       son .  Pope Martin IV prohibited "nobili viro Malatestæ de Veruculo civi Ariminen" from betrothing "filia tua, quæ nondum duos annos complevit" to "Guidonem de Montefiltro persecutorem Romanæ eccliæ…uno ex ipsius Guidonis filiis" by charter dated 9 Oct 1281[108]

2.         TADDEO da Montefeltro (-after 28 Sep 1228).  "Dns Bon´comes olim filii Monteferetrani…pro se et fratre suo dno Thadeo" acknowledged receipt of money from the commune of Rimini by charter dated 2 Dec 1216[109].  A charter dated 28 Sep 1228 records an agreement between "dnm Bonucomitem pro se et Dadeo fre suo et dnm Rainerium de Capigno…civit Urbini" and the city of Rimini[110]

 

 

FEDERICO da Montefeltro, son of GUIDO Conte da Montefeltro & his wife --- (-after 1322)Conte di Urbino 1298-1322.  He was expelled from Urbino. 

m ---.  The name of Federigo´s wife is not known. 

Federigo & his wife had two children: 

1.         GALEAZZO da Montefeltro (-after 29 Mar 1328).  Conte di Montefeltro.  Emperor Ludwig IV granted privileges to "nobilibus viris Galasso et Nolfo fratribus natis quondam bone memorie --- comitis Montis feretri" by charter dated 29 Mar 1328[111]

2.         SIGINOLFO da Montefeltro (-1364).  Conte di MontefeltroEmperor Ludwig IV granted privileges to "nobilibus viris Galasso et Nolfo fratribus natis quondam bone memorie --- comitis Montis feretri" by charter dated 29 Mar 1328[112]m ---.  The name of Signolfo´s wife is not known.  Signolfo & his wife had one child: 

a)         FEDERICO da Montefeltro (-1370)m (1365) TEODORA Gonzaga, daughter of UGOLINO Gonzaga & his second wife Camilla della Gherardesca.  The name of Federigo´s wife is not known.  Federigo & his wife had one child: 

i)          ANTONIO da Montefeltro (-1404).  Conte di Urbino 1375.  He received Gubbio in 1384.  m AGNESINA, daughter of ---.  Antonio & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GUIDANTONIO da Montefeltro (-1443).  He succeeded his father in 1404 as Conte di Urbino

-         DUKES of URBINO

(b)       BATTISTA da Montefeltro (1384-3 Jul 1448)m (6 Jun 1405) GALEAZZO Malatesta, son of MALATESTA Malatesta & his wife Elisabetta Varano di Camerino (-1457). 

 

 

1.         NICCOLÒ (-after 7 Oct 1363).  Conte di Urbino.  The Annales Senenses names "comitis Niccholay de Urbino" as leader of "societas del Cappello" when recording that the Sienese defeated them 7 Oct 1363 "apud Guardam Vallem in comitatu Senensi" and that "comes Niccholaus predictus et domnus Iohannes de Sarteano et imperator de Bolgaria et episcopus de Bolgaria" were captured[113]

 

 

 

B.      DUKES of URBINO (MONTEFELTRO)

 

 

GUIDANTONIO da Montefeltro, son of ANTONIO da Montefeltro Conte di Urbino & his wife --- (-1443)He succeeded his father 1404 as Conte di Urbino

m ---.  The name of Federigo´s wife is not known. 

Federigo & his wife had one child: 

1.         ODDANTONIO da Montefeltro (-1444).  He succeeded his father 1443 as Conte di Urbino.  He was created Duke of Urbino in 1443 by Pope Eugene IV.  m (1444) as her first husband, ISOTTA d'Este, illegitimate daughter of NICCOLÒ [III] d'Este Signore di Ferrara e Modena & his mistress Catarina --- (1425-1456).  She married secondly (1446) Stefano Frangipani Conte di Segni

2.         AGNESE da Montefeltro (-16 Dec 1447)m ALESSANDRO Gonzaga di Mantua, son of GIANFRANCESCO Gonzaga Marchese di Mantua & his wife Paola Malatesta (-16 Jan 1466). 

3.         SVEVA da Montefeltro (Urbino 1432-Pesaro 8 Sep 1478)m (1448, divorced 1457) as his second wife, ALESSANDRO Sforza Signore di Pesaro, illegitimate son of GIACOPO SFORZA di Attendoli da Cottignola & his mistress Lucia Terziani (Cotignola 1409-Fossa 3 Apr 1473). 

Federigo had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:    

4.          FEDERICO da Montefeltro (-1482).  He succeeded his half-brother in 1444 as FEDERICO Duke of Urbinom BATTISTA Sforza, daughter of ALESSANDRO Sforza Signore di Pesaro & his first wife Costanza da Varano dei Signori di Camerino (Pesaro 1446-Urbino 6 Jul 1472).  Federico & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         GUIDOBALDO da Montefeltro (-1508).  He succeeded his father 1482 as GUIDOBALDO Duke of Urbino.  He was deposed in 1497.  He was restored in 1503.  m (1486) ELISABETTA Gonzaga, daughter of FEDERIGO I Gonzaga Marchese di Mantua & his wife Margareta von Bayern (1471-1526). 

b)         GIOVANNA da Montefeltro m ([1473]) GIOVANNI della Rovere Signore di Mondovi e Sinigaglia Prefect of Rome, son of RAFAELO della Rovere & his wife --- (-1501). 

c)          AGNESE da Montefeltro m FABRIZIO Colonna di Taglicozzo, son of ---. 

d)         [COSTANZA da Montefeltro .   m ANTONELLO di Sanseverino, son of ---.] 

Federigo had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:    

e)         GENTILE da Montefeltro m AGOSTINO Fregoso, son of LODOVICO Fregoso Doge of Genoa & his wife Ginevra Gattilusio [Lesbos] (-1487). 

 

 

 

C.      DUCHI di URBINO (della ROVERE)

 

 

LEONARDO della Rovere di Savona, son of --- . 

m ---.  The name of Leonardo´s wife is not known. 

Leonardo & his wife had one child: 

1.         FRANCESCO della Rovere (-1484).  He was elected Pope SIXTUS IV in 1471. 

2.         RAFAELO della Rovere (-1477).  m ---.  The name of Rafaelo´s wife is not known.  Rafaelo & his wife had one child: 

a)         LEONARDO della Rovere (-1475). 

b)         GIOVANNI della Rovere (-1501).  Signore di Mondovi e Sinigaglia.  Prefect of Rome. 

-        see below

c)         BARTOLOMEO GIUPPO della Rovere .  Bishop of Ferrara.  m MARIJA Araniti, daughter of GJERGJ Araniti & his second wife Petrina Franco (-after 1474). 

d)         GIULIO della Rovere (-1513).  He was elected as Pope JULIUS II in 1503. 

e)         LUCCHINA della Roverem GIANFRANCESCO Franciotti, son of ---. 

3.         FRANCHETTA della Roverem BARTOLOMEO Armoino, son of ---. 

4.         MARIA della Rovere m GIACOMO Basso, son of ---. 

5.         BIANCA della Roverem PAOLO Riario di Savona, son of ---. 

 

 

GIOVANNI della Rovere, son of RAFAELO della Rovere & his wife --- (-1501).  Signore di Mondovi e Sinigaglia.  Prefect of Rome.  

m (1473) GIOVANNA da Montefeltro, daughter of FEDERICO da Montefeltro Duke of Urbino & his wife Battista Sforza. 

Giovanni & his wife had children: 

1.         MARIA GIOVANNA della Rovere (1482-Bologna 1538).  m firstly VENANZIO Varano Signore di Camerino, son of --- (Pioraco 19 Oct 1476-Pesaro Oct 1502).  m secondly (1503) GALEAZZO Riario, son of --- (Imola 1487-Bologna 1557). 

2.         COSTANZA della Rovere (-Rome 1507). 

3.         BEATRICE della Rovere (-after 1513).  Nun at Santa Chiara di Urbino. 

4.         FRANCESCA MARIA della Rovere (Senigallia 22 Mar 1490-Pesaro 20 Oct 1538)He succeeded as Duke of Urbino in 1508.  He was expelled in 1516. He was restored in 1523.  m (Mantua 25 Sep 1509) as her second husband, ELEONORA Gonzaga di Mantua, widow of ANTONIO Signore di Montalto, daughter of FRANCESCO II Marchese di Mantua & his wife Isabella d´Este (Mantua 31 dec 1493-Urbino 13 Feb 1550).  

-        DUKES of URBINO

 

 

1.         GIOVANNI della Rovere .  Signore di Rivalba.  m (1515) as her first husband, MARIA Grimaldi, daughter of GIOVANNI II Grimaldi Signore di Monaco & his wife ---.  Giovanni & his wife had one child: 

a)         ANNA della Roverem (1531) BALTASARE di Tana Conte di Santena, son of ---. 

 

2.         ANTONIO della Rovere .  Conte di Sora.  m CATARINA Marzano, daughter of MARINO Marzano 3rd Duca di Sessa, Duca di Squillace, Principe di Rossano & his wife ---. 

 

 



[1] Osio, L. (ed.) (1869) Documenti Diplomatici tratti dagli archivii Milanesi (Milan) ("Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi"), Vol. II, Parte I, XLVIII, p. 73. 

[2] Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi, Vol. II, Parte I, XLVIII, p. 73. 

[3] Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi, Vol. II, Parte I, XLVIII, p. 73. 

[4] Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi, Vol. II, Parte I, XLVIII, p. 73. 

[5] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 602. 

[6] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 602. 

[7] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 602. 

[8] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 602. 

[9] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 544. 

[10] Petri Azarii Chronicon, Cap. IX, RIS XVI, col. 317. 

[11] Annales Mediolanenses, Cap. CX, RIS XVI, col. 715. 

[12] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, cols. 602-3. 

[13] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 511. 

[14] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 544. 

[15] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 544. 

[16] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 544. 

[17] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 544. 

[18] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 602. 

[19] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 544. 

[20] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 603. 

[21] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 544. 

[22] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 503. 

[23] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 603. 

[24] Annales Mediolanenses, Cap. CXX, RIS XVI, col. 729. 

[25] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 603. 

[26] Annales Mediolanenses, Cap. CXLIV, RIS XVI, col. 776. 

[27] Osio, L. (ed.) (1864) Documenti Diplomatici tratti dagli archivii Milanesi (Milan) ("Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi"), Vol. I, CXXVIII, p. 186. 

[28] Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi, Vol. I, CLVII, p. 221. 

[29] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 603. 

[30] Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi, Vol. I, CLXXII, p. 233. 

[31] Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi, Vol. I, CXXI, p. 177. 

[32] Annales Mediolanenses, Cap. CXLII, RIS XVI, col. 774. 

[33] Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi, Vol. I, CXLVIII, p. 213. 

[34] Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi, Vol. I, CLI, p. 217. 

[35] Annales Mediolanenses, Cap. CLII, RIS XVI, col. 815. 

[36] Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi, Vol. I, CLXXII, p. 233. 

[37] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 603. 

[38] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 603. 

[39] Massarelli, A. Dell'Imperadori Constantinopolitani Vat. Lat. 12127 f. 349v-353.  [MB]

[40] Massarelli, A. Dell'Imperadori Constantinopolitani Vat. Lat. 12127 f. 349v-353.  [MB]

[41] Hopf, C. (1873) Chroniques gréco-romanes inédites ou peu connues (Berlin), Breve memoria de li discendenti de nostra casa Musachi, p. 285. 

[42] Tonini, L. (1842) Rimini nel secolo XIII (Rimini), Vol. 3, Documenti, pp. 379-723. 

[43] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, 492, p. 492. 

[44] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XCVI, p. 535. 

[45] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXVI, p. 570. 

[46] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXXIX, p. 632. 

[47] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, 492, p. 492. 

[48] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XLVIII, p. 450. 

[49] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, LXVII, p. 492. 

[50] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, LXVII, p. 492. 

[51] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XCVI, p. 535. 

[52] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVII, p. 585. 

[53] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVII, p. 585. 

[54] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVII, p. 585. 

[55] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVII, p. 585. 

[56] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVII, p. 585. 

[57] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVII, p. 585. 

[58] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, LXVII, p. 492. 

[59] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XIX, p. 407. 

[60] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XX, p. 408. 

[61] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XIX, p. 407. 

[62] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XX, p. 408. 

[63] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XIX, p. 407. 

[64] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXX, p. 597. 

[65] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLI, p. 642. 

[66] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CX, p. 563. 

[67] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXI, p. 565. 

[68] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXII, p. 566. 

[69] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXIII, p. 567. 

[70] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVI, p. 584. 

[71] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXX, p. 597. 

[72] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CL, p. 641. 

[73] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXII, p. 566. 

[74] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXI, p. 575. 

[75] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXIII, p. 567. 

[76] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLI, p. 642. 

[77] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLXXXIII, p. 717. 

[78] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXIII, p. 567. 

[79] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXX, p. 597. 

[80] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLXXXIII, p. 717. 

[81] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLI, p. 642. 

[82] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLV, p. 652. 

[83] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXXIX, p. 632. 

[84] Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi, Vol. II, Parte I, XI, p. 13. 

[85] Miller (1908), p. 415. 

[86] Bekker, I. (ed.) (1834) Michælis Ducæ Nepotis, Historia Byzantina, Corpus Scriptorum Historiæ Byzantinæ (Bonn)20, p. 100. 

[87] Nicol, D. M. (1972) The Last Centuries of Byzantium 1261-1453 (London), p. 346. 

[88] Runciman, S. (2000) The Fall of Constantinople 1453 (Cambridge University Press, Canto edition), p. 48. 

[89] Bekker, I. (ed.) (1838) Georgios Phrantzes, Corpus Scriptorum Historiæ Byzantinæ (Bonn) Liber II, 10, p. 158. 

[90] Miller, W. (1908) The Latins in the Levant.  A History of Frankish Greece (1204-1566) (Cambridge and New York), pp. 467-8. 

[91] Dean, T. (1988) Land and Power in Late Medieval Ferrara: The Rule of the Este 1350-1450 (Cambridge University Press), p. 27. 

[92] Una inedita chronachetta degli Sforza, Archivio storico per le province Napoletane, Anno XIX, Fascicolo IV (Naples, 1894) ("Cronachetta degli Sforza"), p. 731. 

[93] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XXV, p. 419. 

[94] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XLVIII, p. 450. 

[95] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, LXXVII, p. 508. 

[96] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, LXVII, p. 492. 

[97] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XCVI, p. 535. 

[98] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXVI, p. 570. 

[99] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVI, p. 584. 

[100] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CL, p. 641. 

[101] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLV, p. 652. 

[102] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLXVII, p. 675. 

[103] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLXXVIII, p. 706. 

[104] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CL, p. 641. 

[105] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, LXXXVI, p. 524. 

[106] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CLXXVI, p. 699. 

[107] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXVII, p. 585. 

[108] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, CXXXIX, p. 632. 

[109] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XXV, p. 419. 

[110] Tonini (1842), Vol. 3, Documenti, XLVIII, p. 450. 

[111] Ugolini, F. (1859) Storia dei conti e duchi d´Urbino (Firenze), Vol. II, Documenti, 2 bis, p. 498. 

[112] Ugolini (1859), Vol. II, Documenti, 2 bis, p. 498. 

[113] Annales Senenses, MGH SS XIX, p. 233.