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swabia, nobility

  v3.2 Updated 01 February 2016

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 4

Chapter 1.                GRAFEN im AARGAU. 6

A.         GRAFEN von BUCHEGG.. 7

B.         GRAFEN von FROHBURG.. 10

C.        GRAFEN von HABSBURG.. 13

D.        HERREN von HASENBURG.. 21

E.         GRAFEN von HOMBERG.. 23

F.         GRAFEN von LAUFENBURG.. 24

G.        GRAFEN von LENZBURG, GRAFEN von SCHÄNNIS.. 31

H.        GRAFEN von OLTINGEN.. 40

I.      GRAFEN von RHEINFELDEN.. 44

J.         GRAFEN von SOGREN.. 50

K.         GRAFEN von THIERSTEIN.. 51

Chapter 2.                GRAFEN im ZÜRICHGAU. 56

A.         GRAFEN im ZÜRICHGAU.. 56

B.         GRAFEN von NELLENBURG.. 59

C.        HERREN von REGENSBERG.. 65

Chapter 3.                GRAFEN im THURGAU. 70

A.         GRAFEN im THURGAU (UDALRICHINGER) 70

B.         GRAFEN von KIBURG.. 82

C.        GRAFEN von KIBURG (HABSBURG) 87

D.        GRAFEN von TOGGENBURG.. 93

Chapter 4.                GRAFEN in CHUR-RÄTIEN. 99

Chapter 5.                GRAFEN im RHEINGAU. 105

A.         GRAFEN von BREGENZ. 106

B.         GRAFEN von MONTFORT. 111

Chapter 6.                GRAFEN im BREISGAU. 116

A.         GRAFEN im BREISGAU.. 116

B.         GRAFEN von FREIBURG.. 124

C.        HERREN von GUNDELFINGEN.. 129

D.        GRAFEN von NIMBURG.. 132

E.         HERZOGEN von ZÄHRINGEN.. 133

Chapter 7.                GRAFEN im ALPGAU. 143

A.         GRAFEN von FÜRSTENBERG.. 144

Chapter 8.                GRAFEN im HEGAU. 146

A.         GRAFEN von NELLENBURG, GRAFEN von MÖRSBERG.. 146

B.         GRAFEN von STOFFELN.. 148

C.        GRAFEN von STÜHLINGEN.. 149

Chapter 9.                GRAFEN im LINZGAU. 150

A.         GRAFEN im LINZGAU, GRAFEN von ALTDORF (WELF) 150

B.         GRAFEN von FRICKINGEN und RAMMSEN.. 161

C.        GRAFEN von HEILIGENBERG.. 162

D.        GRAFEN von KIRCHBERG.. 163

E.         GRAFEN von PFULLENDORF und RAMSPERG.. 169

Chapter 10.              ORTENAU and NORTHERN BADEN. 171

A.         HERREN und GRAFEN von EBERSTEIN.. 171

B.         GRAFEN von HOHENBERG (bei DURLACH) 185

Chapter 11.              CENTRAL WÜRTTEMBERG. 186

A.         GRAFEN von ACHALM.. 186

B.         GRAFEN von AICHELBERG, GRAFEN von MERKENBURG.. 190

C.        GRAFEN von BERG.. 193

D.        GRAFEN von CALW... 202

E.         GRAFEN von GAMMERTINGEN und ACHALM.. 209

F.         GRAFEN von GERHAUSEN.. 213

G.        GRAFEN von GRÜNINGEN, GRAFEN von LANDAU.. 214

H.        GRAFEN von HELFENSTEIN.. 218

I.      GRAFEN von HOHENBERG.. 223

J.         GRAFEN von HOHENBERG in NAGOLD und WILDBERG.. 230

K.         GRAFEN von LÖWENSTEIN (CALW) 234

L.         GRAFEN von LÖWENSTEIN (HABSBURG) 235

M.        HERREN von NEUFFEN.. 239

N.        MARKGRAFEN von RONSBERG.. 242

O.        GRAFEN von SULZ. 244

P.         HERZOGEN von TECK.. 247

Q.        HERREN und GRAFEN von TRUHENDINGEN.. 256

R.        GRAFEN von TÜBINGEN, PFALZGRAFEN.. 262

S.         GRAFEN von URACH.. 277

T.         HERREN von URSLINGEN.. 287

U.        GRAFEN von VAIHINGEN.. 289

V.         GRAFEN von VERINGEN.. 292

W.       GRAFEN von VERINGEN und NELLENBURG.. 294

X.         GRAFEN von ZOLLERN.. 300

Chapter 12.              NORTH-EAST WÜRTTEMBERG. 315

A.         GRAFEN von DILLINGEN.. 315

B.         GRAFEN von GRÖNINGEN.. 328

C.        HERREN von STAUFEN.. 328

Chapter 13.              OTHER SWABIAN NOBILITY. 332

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The Swabian nobility constituted a much less cohesive group than the nobility in the neighbouring province of Bavaria.  This was probably due originally to the disparate nature of the Swabian duchy which consisted of three distinct geographical areas: most of what is today the German state of Baden-Württemberg, the German-speaking part of Switzerland, and Alsace.  Looking at these areas, it can be seen that the river Rhine provided a barrier to cross-activity with Alsace on the west bank, and the Alps hampered communication with the area south of lake Constance.  In addition, large parts of the land east of the Rhine were heavily forested and uninhabited, colonisation only accelerating in the 12th and 13th centuries.  Many local families were at first modest in their ambitions, their activities being restricted to isolated parts of the Swabian province.  An example is provided by the Zähringer, which concentrated on building influence around the town of Freiburg im Breisgau, before Duke Konrad extended his ambitions into Burgundy in 1127. 

 

Following the revival of Swabian central authority in the early 10th century, the first dukes of Swabia, the Hunfriding rulers, originated in what is now northern Switzerland.  A 903 diploma of Ludwig IV "das Kind" King of Germany refers to the first Hunfriding ruler Burkhard as "marchio Curiensis Rætiæ", indicating the creation of a short-lived march in northern Switzerland.  The Hunfriding were succeeded by the Franconian Konradiner dynasty in 926, when Hermann was appointed duke by Heinrich I King of Germany.  Over the succeeding 150 years, no single family established itself as dukes of Swabia for more than three generations. 

 

Multiple powerbases were over time created in Swabia, another reason for the lack of cohesion within the noble families.  After Berthold von Zähringen lost to Friedrich von Staufen in the power struggle for appointment as duke of Swabia during the investiture crisis, he was compensated by recognition of his personal title of duke, which was also transmitted to his descendants.  This represented the first occasion when two individuals both peaceably held the title dux at any one time in any of the original German provinces.  The dukes of Zähringen developed considerable political influence in central Europe before their extinction in the male line in 1218.  In addition, the Welf family, while establishing themselves definitively as dukes of Bavaria in 1096, remained major landowners in Swabia where contemporary sources such as necrologies show that they also used the title dux

 

Besides these major families, numerous lesser noble families enjoyed limited territorial influence in Swabia around the castles which they constructed.  Some of these families used their small Swabian bases as a springboard to extend their activities on a broader European scale.  Two obvious examples were the Staufen and Zollern dynasties.  The former took their name from their castle in Swabia but acquired extensive property in Franconia, bequeathed to Friedrich II Duke of Swabia by his maternal uncle Emperor Heinrich V.  The election of Konrad von Staufen as Konrad III King of Germany in 1138, and that of his nephew as King Friedrich I "Barbarossa" in 1152, signalled the family's definitive transfer out of the local Swabian field of activity.  The Zollern family also took its name from their Swabian castle, but launched themselves on to the wider German stage with a fortunate marriage to the heiress of the Burggrafschaft of the town of Nürnberg in Bavaria, and later acquiring the electorate of Brandenburg in the early 15th century.  A third example, on a smaller scale, is provided by the Grafen von Berg who developed sufficient influence to enable them to arrange the marriages in the early 12th century of the three daughters of Graf Heinrich [I] with the king of Poland and the dukes of Bohemia and Moravia.  Finally, the roots of the Habsburg family, whose later history requires no introduction, are found in the southern part of Swabia in what is now Switzerland. 

 

Other potentially powerful Swabian nobles failed to expand beyond the local level.  A good example is provided by the Grafen von Achalm, who acquired the Alsatian castle of Montbéliard [Mömpelgard] by marriage, and founded the influential monastery of Zwiefalten in 1089.  However, no legitimate descendants are known from this family of eight brothers, the last of whom died in 1098.  

 

During the dispute between Konrad IV King of Germany and the papal party, led by Willem II Count of Holland as its figurehead and anti-king, Swabia was largely anti-Staufen.  The reaction against Staufen control enabled the local Swabian nobility to assert their autonomy, the duchy of Swabia virtually disappearing as a territorial unit and dissolving into a collection of territorial fragments[1].  The eventual fall-out was the establishment of the Markgrafen von Baden and the Herzogen von Württemberg as the major Swabian lords (see the documents BADEN and WÜRTTEMBERG). 

 

An useful "census" of early Swabian nobility is provided by a list in the History of Salem Monastery of those present at a court of "duce Friderico"[2]The names are (in order) "comite Rodolfo Pregantino, comite Rudolfo de Ramsperc, Ebirhardo comite de Nellinburc, Burcardo, Eginone, Gotfrido, Friderico comitibus de Zolr, Marcquardo comite de Veringin, Diepoldo et fratre eius Rapotone comitibus de Berge, Ebirhardo et Hartmanno comitibus de Killiperc, Ludowico comite de Wirtinberc, Ungone comite palatino de Tuwingen, Bertoldo de Ebirstein, Ulrici et Alberto comitibus de Ahchalm, Alberto et Hartmanno comitibus de Kuiberc, Heinrico comite et Conrado fratre suo, advocato de Sancto-monte, Wernhero, Chunone, Arnoldo comitibus de Badin, Humberto, Ulrico, Rudolfo, Arnoldo comitibus de Lenzeburc, Wernhero comite de Habisburg".  All their families are set out in this document.  In addition four individuals are listed who are not counts "Manigoldo de Rordorf, Lamperto de Husin, Hugone de Utindorf, Eigilwardo de Nuzdorf".  The list is undated, but the inclusion of the brothers Adalbert and Hartmann Grafen von Dillingen und Kiburg enable it to be dated to after 11 Sep 1151, when their father died.  Further precision in the dating is possible by identifying which "Friedrich Duke of Swabia" is named.  Duke Friedrich II "der Einäugige" had died in 1147.  The only possibilities are therefore Duke Friedrich III, who resigned the dukedom in March 1152 when he was elected as Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany, or his successor Duke Friedrich III who was installed as duke in 1152.  The close-knit nature of this group of nobles is confirmed by the number of marriages between those named or their immediate families, as can be traced below. 

 

The Swabian nobility is shown geographically in this document, divided into the "gau" of which the duchy of Swabia was originally constituted.  In the southern area, now German-speaking Switzerland, these were, from west to east: Aargau which bordered the Rudolfian kingdom of Burgu ndy, Zürichgau with the town of Zürich in its northern part, Thurgau immediately south of lake Constance, and Rheingau straddling the upper reaches of the Rhine before it flows into Lake Constance.  South of the Rheingau lay the area of Chur-Rätien, in what is now the Swiss canton of Graubünden.  The gau in the Baden-Württemberg area are best described in three lines from west to east. In the southern line lay Breisgau in which the castle of Zähringen was built, Alpgau around the monastery of St Blasius, Hegau to the north-west of Lake Constance north of the river Rhine, Linzgau, Nibelgau and Argengau to the north and north-east of Lake Constance, and Alpengau in the east bordering the Bavarian/Carinthian territories.  To the north of this line, lay Ortenau east of the river Rhine and Alsace to the west, Bertoldsbaar between the rivers Neckar and Danube, Duria, and Augstgau along the river Lech south of the town of Augsburg.  In the extreme northern part of Swabia lay Neckargau, Swiggerstal, Trachgau, Flisgau, Alb and Ries, grouped into the chapter "North-east Württemberg" in the present document. 

 

The nobility whose families are set out in this document are those who lived in Swabia east of the river Rhine.  The nobles whose power-bases lay on the left bank of the river are shown in the document ALSACE. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    GRAFEN im AARGAU

 

 

Aargau was the area which lay south of the river Rhine and the town of Basel in the north, north of the Valais in the south, west of Zurichgau, and east of the Rudolfian kingdom of Burgundy.  Its territory was more extensive than the present-day Swiss canton which bears the same name.  It formed the frontier area between the kingdom of Burgundy and the duchy of Swabia. 

 

 

 

A.      GRAFEN von BUCHEGG

 

 

The county of Buchegg was located in the present-day Swiss canton of Solothurn.  Only two Grafen von Buchegg have been identified in primary sources during the 12th century.  Their family relationship to each other, if any, has not been ascertained nor their relationship to the later Grafen von Buchegg who descended from Graf Peter. 

 

 

1.         HUGO (-after [1130]).  Graf von Buchegg.  Lothar III King of Germany granted protection to Kloster St. Blasius, in the presence of “...graff Hug von Buchegk...” by charter dated to [1130][3].  Pope Lucius III confirmed the properties of Erlach St. Johann, including “allodium de Crissiaci” donated by “comitis Hugonis de Buchecca”, by charter dated 2 Oct 1185[4]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         ARNOLD (-after 1180).  Graf von Buchegg.  “Pertolfus dux Burgundie...” [Berthold Herzog von Zähringen] donated property to Kloster Rüggisberg by charter dated 6 Oct 1175, witnessed by “...comes Ernaldus de Boucecca...[5].  Berthold Bishop of Konstanz confirmed that “Cuno de Buhse...” had donated property to the Knights of St. John by charter dated 1180, witnessed by “...comitem Arnoldum et frater suus Chono...[6]

2.         KUNO (-after 1180).  Berthold Bishop of Konstanz confirmed that “Cuno de Buhse...” had donated property to the Knights of St. John by charter dated 1180, witnessed by “...comitem Arnoldum et frater suus Chono...[7]

                                                                                                                                           

 

Two siblings, parents not known: 

1.         PETER (-after Feb 1250).  Graf von Buchegg.  “P. comes de Buhecco” intervened on behalf of Solothurn St. Ursenkirche with the abbot of Murbach by charter dated 1218[8].  “Petrus comes de Buchekke et Ulricus filius meus” reached agreement with the Teutonic Knights in Burgundy over the inheritance of “Ludoldi de Svomolswald nepotis nostri” by charter dated 24 Jul 1245[9].  “Petrus comes de Buohecha” confirmed an exchange of property by charter dated Feb 1250[10].  He is named as deceased in the charter dated 13 Dec 1278 under which [his son] "Heinricus comes lancgravius de Buochecha" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Solothurn by "domina Adelheidis de Messon bone memorie dominium de Messon" and names "felicis memorie Petro quondam patre nostro comite lancravio de Buochecha"[11]m ---.  The name of Peter’s wife is not known.  Peter & his wife had two children: 

a)         ULRICH (-after 1259).  “Petrus comes de Buchekke et Ulricus filius meus” reached agreement with the Teutonic Knights in Burgundy over the inheritance of “Ludoldi de Svomolswald nepotis nostri” by charter dated 24 Jul 1245[12].  “Uol. comes junior de Buochegga” sold his part of “dominio de Heinberch”, held jointly with “dominum H. comitem juniorem de Kiburch”, with the consent of “domine Adelheidi uxori nostre”, by charter dated 1259, after 24 Sep[13]m ADELHEID, daughter of ---.  “Uol. comes junior de Buochegga” sold his part of “dominio de Heinberch”, held jointly with “dominum H. comitem juniorem de Kiburch”, with the consent of “domine Adelheidi uxori nostre”, by charter dated 1259, after 24 Sep[14]

b)         HEINRICH (-after 13 Dec 1278)Graf von Buchegg {Solothurn}.  “Henricus domicellus de Buchecha filius comiti Petri” sold property at Seewyl to the Knights of St. John at Buchsee, with the consent of “uxoris mee Adelhet liberorum meorum...Hugonis, Petri, Harmanni et Elisabeth”, noting that “Ber., H. et Otto domini de Strazperc” renounced rights to the property in the succession of “Ber. dominus de Strazperc felicis memorie ipsorum pater” who had granted dowry to “sue filie mee uxoris dicte”, by charter dated 25 Sep 1273[15].  "Heinricus comes lancgravius de Buochecha" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Solothurn by "domina Adelheidis de Messon bone memorie dominium de Messon" by charter dated 13 Dec 1278, which names "felicis memorie Petro quondam patre nostro comite lancravio de Buochecha"[16]m ADELHEID von Strassberg, daughter of BERTHOLD von Strassberg [Neuchâtel] & his wife ---.  “Henricus domicellus de Buchecha filius comiti Petri” sold property at Seewyl to the Knights of St. John at Buchsee, with the consent of “uxoris mee Adelhet liberorum meorum...Hugonis, Petri, Harmanni et Elisabeth”, noting that “Ber., H. et Otto domini de Strazperc” renounced rights to the property in the succession of “Ber. dominus de Strazperc felicis memorie ipsorum pater” who had granted dowry to “sue filie mee uxoris dicte”, by charter dated 25 Sep 1273[17].  Heinrich & his wife had nine children: 

i)          HUGO (-20 May 1347).  “Henricus domicellus de Buchecha filius comiti Petri” sold property at Seewyl to the Knights of St. John at Buchsee, with the consent of “uxoris mee Adelhet liberorum meorum...Hugonis, Petri, Harmanni et Elisabeth”, by charter dated 25 Sep 1273[18]Graf von Bucheggm (contract 10 Jan 1337) as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Neuchâtel dame de Boudry, widow of HARTMANN [II] Graf von Kiburg, daughter of RODOLPHE [V] Comte de Neuchâtel & his wife Eléonore de Savoie-Vaud (-22 Aug, 1382 or after).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the Chronicle of Matthias Nuewenburgensis which names "soceri sui Rudolfi comitis de Novocastro", in relation to "Hartmannus"[19].  “Rodulphus comes et dominus Novi Castri” granted property to “Hugo comes de Boeka” in consideration of his marriage to “dominam Margaretam de Novo Castro...filiam nostram” by charter dated 10 Jan 1337[20].  “Ludovicus comes et dominus Novi Castri” sold property to “sorori nostre...Marguerite de Novo Castro comitisse de Boeka” by charter dated 20 May 1343[21].  Dame de Boudry.  The testament of “Loys, cons et sires de Nuefchastel en la dyocese de Losene”, dated 14 Apr 1354, bequeathes property to “ma...suer dame Marguerite de Nuefchastel contesse de Boecke...dame Ysabel ma filie contesse de Nidowe[22].  The necrology of Fraubrunnen records the death "XI Kal Sep" of "Frouw Margret von Buochegg"[23]

ii)         PETER .  “Henricus domicellus de Buchecha filius comiti Petri” sold property at Seewyl to the Knights of St. John at Buchsee, with the consent of “uxoris mee Adelhet liberorum meorum...Hugonis, Petri, Harmanni et Elisabeth”, by charter dated 25 Sep 1273[24]

iii)        HARTMANN (-after 25 Sep 1273).  “Henricus domicellus de Buchecha filius comiti Petri” sold property at Seewyl to the Knights of St. John at Buchsee, with the consent of “uxoris mee Adelhet liberorum meorum...Hugonis, Petri, Harmanni et Elisabeth”, by charter dated 25 Sep 1273[25]

iv)       ELISABETH .  “Henricus domicellus de Buchecha filius comiti Petri” sold property at Seewyl to the Knights of St. John at Buchsee, with the consent of “uxoris mee Adelhet liberorum meorum...Hugonis, Petri, Harmanni et Elisabeth”, by charter dated 25 Sep 1273[26]m firstly ULRICH von Arburg, son of ---.  m secondly --- Graf von Freiburg, son of ---.  m thirdly --- von Klingen, son of ---. 

v)        BERTHOLD (-24 Nov 1353).  Commendator of the Teutonic Knights.  Bishop of Speyer 1328.  Bishop of Strasbourg 1328. 

vi)       MATTHIAS (-9 Nov 1328).  Monk at Murbach.  Archbishop of Mainz.  The Chronicle of Matthias Nuewenburgensis records the appointment of "Mathia custode monasterii Morbacensis...fratre Hugonis comitis de Buchegge" as archbishop of Mainz[27]

vii)      ANASTASIA .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Chronicle of Matthias Nuewenburgensis which records that "Eberhardo de Kyburg" married “Susannam filiam Ulrici domini in Sygenowe, filiam sororis Moguntini[28]m ULRICH von Signau, son of ---. 

viii)     JUDENTA (-1 Aug. 1348 or after).  Abbess of Fraubrunnen. 

ix)       JOHANNA (-4 Mar 1338).  m BURCHARD Senn von Münsingen, son of --- (-before 1322). 

c)         ELISABETH (-after 1277).  “Henricus dominus de Jegistorf miles”, at the court of “lantgravio domino H. de Buchegga”, donated property to “uxori mee Elisabeth sorori prefati lantgravii”, by charter dated 17 Aug 1276[29].  “H. miles dictus de Hiegistorf” exchanged property with Frienis berg abbey, with the consent of “uxoris mee...et Hugonis filii mei ceterorumque liberorum meorum”, by charter dated 1277[30]m HEINRICH Herr von Jegistorf, son of --- (-after 1277). 

2.         [daughter .  Assuming that “nepotis” in the charter quoted below can be interpreted in its strict sense of nephew, one of the parents (probably the mother because of the different name) of Lutold von Sumiswald was the sibling of Peter Graf von Buchegg.]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         LUTOLD von Sumiswald (-before 24 Jul 1245).  “Petrus comes de Buchekke et Ulricus filius meus” reached agreement with the Teutonic Knights in Burgundy over the inheritance of “Ludoldi de Svomolswald nepotis nostri” by charter dated 24 Jul 1245[31]

 

 

 

B.      GRAFEN von FROHBURG

 

 

The castle of Frohburg was located near Trimbach, in the present-day Swiss canton of Solothurn. 

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known. 

1.         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         HERMANN (-after 1169).  Graf von Frohburg.  A charter dated 1169, located in the archives of Basel in 1752 but since disappeared, records that Ludwig Bishop of Basel donated serfs to the church of Basel with the consent of "comte Hermann de Frobourg son cousin"[32]

2.         --- .  m --- .  Two children: 

a)         VOLMARGraf von Frohburg

b)         LUDWIG (-[1175/77]).  Bishop of Basel.  The 1169 donation referred to above was later confirmed by Ludwig Bishop of Basel, in the presence of "fratris mei comitis Volmari, domino Reingero Hassenburgense", by charter dated 28 Oct 1175 which names "domino Burchardo Hassenburgense…filii Lutoldus…et Heinricus"[33]

 

 

1.         HERMANN [II] von Frohburg (-before 1213)Graf von Frohburg.  “Hermannus comes de Vroburc et filii eius Ludewicus et Hermannus...” witnessed the charter dated 1201 under which Diethelm Bishop of Konstanz settled a dispute between the monastery of St Urban and “Bertholdum plebanum de Wimenovve[34].  “Hermannus comes de Froburch cum uxore et liberis Ludowico et Hermanno” granted rights to the monastery of St Urban by charter dated 1206[35]m --- (-after 1206).  “Hermannus comes de Froburch cum uxore et liberis Ludowico et Hermanno” granted rights to the monastery of St Urban by charter dated 1206[36].  The name of Hermann’s wife is not known.  Europäische Stammtafeln shows --- von Dillingen, possible daughter of Hartmann [III] Graf von Dillingen, as the wife of Hermann [II] Graf von Frohburg[37].  It is likely that this speculation aims to explain the consanguinity between the Kirburg and Frohburg families which is indicated by the following document.  Pope Innocent IV granted dispensation to [this couple’s grandson] “nobili viro Artimanno nato...L. comitis de Froburc” to marry “Annam filiam nobilis viri --- comitis de Rapreswiler”, who had been divorced from “H. iunior comes de Kiburch tertia te linea consanguinitatis” because he had previously contracted to marry “matertera ipsius A[nne] sponsalia”, dated 28 Jan 1251[38].  Hermann & his wife had three children: 

a)         LUDWIG [III] (-before 1259, bur Zofingen).  “Hermannus comes de Vroburc et filii eius Ludewicus et Hermannus...” witnessed the charter dated 1201 under which Diethelm Bishop of Konstanz settled a dispute between the monastery of St Urban and “Bertholdum plebanum de Wimenovve[39].  “Hermannus comes de Froburch cum uxore et liberis Ludowico et Hermanno” granted rights to the monastery of St Urban by charter dated 1206[40]Graf von Frohburg.  "Grauo Albreht unde Grauo Ruodolf von Habsburg" divided their territories, in the presence of "deme Biscoffe Lutoldo von Basila unde deme Grauen Ludewige von Vroburc", by charter dated to [1239][41].  "Ludewicus comes de Froburch…filius noster Harthmannus" recognised the bishopric of Basel´s ownership of "castrorum Bierseke superioris et inferioris", after the arbitration of "consanguinei nostri Rudolfi comitis de Thierstein", by charter dated 21 Oct 1245[42].  “Ludewicus senior et Ludewicus junior comites de Vroburg” confirmed donations to the monastery of St Urban by charter dated 1246[43]m GERTRUD von Habsburg, daughter of RUDOLF [II] "der Alte" Graf von Habsburg, Herr zu Laufenburg & his wife Agnes von Staufen.  A Habsburg genealogy names "Alberctum, Rudolfum, Wernherum, Helwigam, Gertrudem, uxores Hermanni et Ludwici, fratrum comitum de Froburg" as the children of "Ruodolfus" and his wife[44].  1223/41.  Ludwig & his wife had three children: 

i)          LUDWIG .  “Ludewicus senior et Ludewicus junior comites de Vroburg” confirmed donations to the monastery of St Urban by charter dated 1246[45]

ii)         HARTMANN (-after 1263).  "Ludewicus comes de Froburch…filius noster Harthmannus" recognised the bishopric of Basel´s ownership of "castrorum Bierseke superioris et inferioris", after the arbitration of "consanguinei nostri Rudolfi comitis de Thierstein", by charter dated 21 Oct 1245[46].  “Hartmannus comes de Froburch” donated property to Kloster St Urban, for the souls of “mee...nec non Clemente uxoris mee”, with the consent of “Rodolfi germani mei, Zovingensis et Beronensis ecclesiarum prepositi”, by charter dated 1263[47].  [Betrothed (Papal dispensation 28 Jan 1251) to ANNA von Rapperswil, divorced wife of HARTMANN [V] Graf von Kiburg, daughter of RUDOLF Herr von Rapperswil & his wife --- (-30 May 1253).  Pope Innocent IV granted dispensation to “nobili viro Artimanno nato...L. comitis de Froburc” to marry “Annam filiam nobilis viri --- comitis de Rapreswiler”, who had been divorced from “H. iunior comes de Kiburch tertia te linea consanguinitatis” because he had previously contracted to marry “matertera ipsius A[nne] sponsalia”, dated 28 Jan 1251[48].  Documents shown under KIRBURG suggest that the difficulty which provided the basis for Anna’s divorce was resolved and that the validity of her marriage to Hartmann [V] Graf von Kirburg was later recognised by the church.]  m CLEMENTIA, daughter of ---.  “Hartmannus comes de Froburch” donated property to Kloster St Urban, for the souls of “mee...nec non Clemente uxoris mee”, with the consent of “Rodolfi germani mei, Zovingensis et Beronensis ecclesiarum prepositi”, by charter dated 1263[49]

iii)        RUDOLF .  “Hartmannus comes de Froburch” donated property to Kloster St Urban, for the souls of “mee...nec non Clemente uxoris mee”, with the consent of “Rodolfi germani mei, Zovingensis et Beronensis ecclesiarum prepositi”, by charter dated 1263[50]

b)         HERMANN [III] (-[25 Jan 1233/Feb 1237]).  “Hermannus comes de Vroburc et filii eius Ludewicus et Hermannus...” witnessed the charter dated 1201 under which Diethelm Bishop of Konstanz settled a dispute between the monastery of St Urban and “Bertholdum plebanum de Wimenovve[51].  “Hermannus comes de Froburch cum uxore et liberis Ludowico et Hermanno” granted rights to the monastery of St Urban by charter dated 1206[52]Graf von Frohburg.  "Uolricus comes Phirretensis" confirmed the donation to the church of Basel, made by "mater mea Helvvigis comitissa Phirretensis et Berhtoldus frater meus, Basiliensis ecclesie canonicus" with the consent of "pater meus felicis recordationis Fridericus comes Phirretensis" at the court of "consanguineo meo Alberto comite de Habespurg lantgravio Alsatie", by charter dated 25 Jan 1233, witnessed by "Hermannus comes junior de Froburg…"[53]m HEILWIG von Habsburg, daughter of RUDOLF [II] "der Alte" Graf von Habsburg, Herr zu Laufenburg & his wife Agnes von Staufen (-after 11 Oct 1263).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Alberctum, Rudolfum, Wernherum, Helwigam, Gertrudem, uxores Hermanni et Ludwici, fratrum comitum de Froburg" as the children of "Ruodolfus" and his wife[54]

c)         RICHENZA (-[20 Oct 1224/1225]).  “Bertoldus comes et dominus Novicastri” donated property “apud Linjars” to the church of St Moritz in Nugerol, with the consent of “conjuge sua Richenza et filiis eorum Rvo et Her”, by charter dated 26 Mar 1203[55].  “Bertoldus dominus Novi Castri” sold property to the bishop of Lausanne, with the consent of “uxor mea Riguencia et filii mei Rodulfus et Hermannus et Willermus”, by charter dated 20 Oct 1224[56].  “B. dominus Novicastri” donated property to Frienisberg, for the soul of “uxoris mee sororis comitum de Froburg”, with the consent of “filiorum meorum R. et H.”, by charter dated 1225[57]m BERTHOLD Comte de Neuchâtel, son of RODOLPHE [III] Comte de Neuchâtel & his wife Comitissa --- (-20 Aug 1261). 

 

 

 

C.      GRAFEN von HABSBURG

 

 

Habsburg is located on the river Limmat, north of Lenzburg, in the present-day Swiss canton of Aargau. 

 

 

WERNER, son of RATBOD Graf im Klettgau & his wife Ida --- (-11 Nov 1096, bur Muri).  An undated charter relating to the foundation of Kloster Muri by "Radeboto comes…uxorem…Itam" names "Otto et Alberctus et Wernharius" as their children, adding that Otto was killed "ab Erinliero quodam milite" and was buried at Strasbourg[58].  A Habsburg genealogy names "Wernherum comitem et Richenzam sororem eius de Lenzburg" as the children of "Ita de Habspurg"[59].  1056.  He supported Pope Gregory VII in his fervent opposition to the laic appointments of Emperor Heinrich IV, and the latter’s appointment of Clement III as antipope in 1080.  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1096 III Id Nov" of "Werinharius comes"[60].  An undated charter relating to the foundation of Kloster Muri records the death "III Id Nov" in 1086 of "comes Wernharius"[61]

m REGINLIND, daughter of --- (-30 Jun, after 1086, bur Muri).  An undated charter relating to the foundation of Kloster Muri names "Regulinde" as the wife of "comes Wernarius de Habspurg"[62]

Graf Werner & his wife had four children: 

1.         OTTO [II] (-murdered Budenheim 8 Nov 1111, bur Kloster Muri).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Ottonem et Itam de Tierstein" as the children of "Wernherum comitem"[63].  He was the first of his family to use the title Graf von Habsburg, in the 1108 reference to his support for Emperor Heinrich V in battle against Hungary.  An undated charter relating to the foundation of Kloster Muri records that "comes…Otto" was killed "VI Id Nov" by "Hessone quodam nobili de Vesinberg in domo sua Butenhein" [Hesso von Usenberg?] and was buried at Kloster Muri with "pater eius et mater Regelind"[64]m ---.  The name of Otto's wife is not known.  Graf Otto [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         WERNER [II] (-near Rome from an epidemic 19 Aug 1167).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Wernherum et Adelheidem de Huneburg" as the children of "Otto"[65]Graf von Habsburg.  Graf im Oberelsaß 1129.  Acquired the Benedictine Kloster at Murbach in Oberelsaß 1135.  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "Wernhero, comite de Habisburc", undated but dateable to [1152][66].  He inherited the Vogtei of Kloster Muri from his uncle Graf Albrecht [II] in 1141.  m ---.  The name of Werner's wife is not known.  Graf Werner [II] & his wife had three children:

i)          ALBRECHT [III] "der Reiche" (-25 Nov 1199).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Adelberctum, Gerdrudem de Mümpelgard, Richenzam de Fierrito" as the children of "Wernherus"[67]Graf von Habsburg, Vogt von Muri. 

-         see below.

ii)         GERTRUD (-15 Feb [after 1155]).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Adelberctum, Gerdrudem de Mümpelgard, Richenzam de Fierrito" as the children of "Wernherus"[68].  "Teodoricus comes Montis Biligardis" donated property to the church of Saint-Maimbœuf de Montbéliard, with the consent of "patris mei T. comitis…coniux nostra Gertrudis", by charter dated to [1155][69]m THIERRY de Montbéliard, son of THIERRY Comte de Montbéliard [Bar-Mousson] & his wife --- (-before 1160). 

iii)        RICHENZA (-Dec 1180).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Adelberctum, Gerdrudem de Mümpelgard, Richenzam de Fierrito" as the children of "Wernherus"[70].  No source has been identified which specifically states that Richenza was the wife of Comte Louis [I], but from a chronological point of view this marriage is possible.  m as his first wife, LOUIS [I] Comte de Ferrette, son of FREDERIC Comte de Ferrette [Pfirt] & his second wife Etiennette de Vaudémont (-[1189/90]).

b)         ADELHEID .  A Habsburg genealogy names "Wernherum et Adelheidem de Huneburg" as the children of "Otto"[71].  1155.  m DIETRICH Graf von Hüneburg, son of GOTTFRIED [I] Graf von Blieskastel & his wife --- (-before 1159). 

c)         [OTTO (-8 Mar 1174).  Canon at St Moritz Cathedral, Augsburg [1150].  Provost at St Moritz Cathedral, Augsburg [1155/69].  Bishop of Konstanz 1165/66.] 

2.         ALBRECHT [II] (-14 Jul 1140).  An undated charter relating to the foundation of Kloster Muri records that "frater eius Adelberctus" succeeded as Vogt of Muri after "comes…Otto" was killed[72]Graf von Habsburg.  "A comes de Habespurg" established an annual payment to the abbey of Olsberg by charter dated to [1114][73].  Vogt of Kloster Muri.  m JUDINTA von Hürningen, daughter of ---.  A Papal bull of Pope Innocent III dated 1135 relates to “monasterio Hugsoviensi” founded by “bone memorie comite Wernero” [Graf von Ortenberg], and refers to property donated by “Adelberto comite de Habeburc et uxore eius Judinta”, by “Folmarii comitis filii predicti Werneri et Heilige uxoris eius”, by “Berlint sororis eiusdem comitis”, by “Lutoldi comitis et Adeleheidis uxoris eius”, by “Donatus presbyter et frater eius Rainardus” and by “Cunradus comes et Erimannus comes cum uxore sua Agnete[74].  The primary source which confirms her family origin has not been identified. 

3.         ITA .  A Habsburg genealogy names "Ottonem et Itam de Tierstein" as the children of "Wernherum comitem", and names "Wernherum et Rudolfum de Habspurg" as children of "Ita de Tierstein sive Homberg"[75]m RUDOLF [II] Graf von Thierstein, son of --- (-after 7 Mar 1114). 

4.         daughter .  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "comes Oudalricus…Brigantium", records his betrothal to "filiam Wernheri comitis de Habichisburc" but states that he "concubit latenter cum Berhta filia Ruodolfi regis"[76]Betrothed (before 1077, contract broken) to ULRICH [X] Graf von Bregenz, [Udalrichinger] (-[28/29] Oct [1097], bur Mehrerau). 

 

 

The relationship, if any, between the following family group and the main Habsburg family has not been traced.  The reference to "vir de familia" may indicate that Arnold belonged to the comital household but was not a member of the family itself, especially as the text does not specify "vir nobilis".  Arnold is not a name which is otherwise associated with the Grafen von Habsburg. 

1.         ARNOLD [von Habsburg] .  "Quidam…vir de familia Habsburg…Arnold…cum uxore sua Ita et filia Hedewig" donated property to Kloster Muri, undated[77]m ITA, daughter of ---.  "Quidam…vir de familia Habsburg…Arnold…cum uxore sua Ita et filia Hedewig" donated property to Kloster Muri, undated[78].  Arnold & his wife had one child: 

a)         HEDWIG .  "Quidam…vir de familia Habsburg…Arnold…cum uxore sua Ita et filia Hedewig" donated property to Kloster Muri, undated[79]

 

 

ALBRECHT [III] "der Reiche" von Habsburg, son of WERNER [II] Graf von Habsburg und im Oberelsaß & his wife --- (-25 Nov 1199).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Adelberctum, Gerdrudem de Mümpelgard, Richenzam de Fierrito" as the children of "Wernherus"[80]Graf von Habsburg, Vogt von Muri.  He acquired the western part of the Grafschaft of Lenzburg, im Zürichgau as far as Reuß, and also the Vogtei of Kloster Säckingen am Rhein.  A charter dated 1168 names "Rodulfus comes de Phullendorf, sororius comitis Rodolfi de Bragantia" and records the grant of "Turicensem comitatum et advocatiam Sechingensis ecclesiæ" [Zurich, Seckingen] by Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" to "Alberto comiti de Habisburc" who married "filiam comitis Rodolfi"[81].  “Albertus comes de Habesburg. Lantgravius Alsatie” confirmed the privileges of “monasterii Sancti Trudperti...in Nigra Silva” founded by “prædecessorum et progenitorum nostrorum Lutfridi comitis, Otperti et Ramperti”, by charter dated 1186, which quotes the earlier charter dated 21 Feb 903 (“anno III regnante Ludevico filio Arnolfi, sub comite Wolfilino”) under which “Luitfridus...et fratre meo Hugone” confirmed the foundation by “antecessoribus meis Otperto...et Ramperto”, with the consent of “filiis meis Hunfrido (...in Norgauwe), Luitfrido (...in Sungawa), Hugone (...in Eginsheim)[82].  "Rodolfus comes de Habespurch" donated property to the church of St Ulrich, with the consent of "patris mei comitis Alberti", by charter dated to [1198][83].  This document suggests that Graf Albrecht [III] resigned the active government in favour of his son at the end of his life. 

m ITA von Pfullendorf, daughter of RUDOLF Graf von Pfullendorf & his wife Elisabeth ---.  A Habsburg genealogy names "Itam cometissam de Pfullendorf, filiam sororis ducis Welph" as the wife of "Alberctus"[84].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 1168 which names "Rodulfus comes de Phullendorf, sororius comitis Rodolfi de Bragantia" and records the grant of "Turicensem comitatum et advocatiam Sechingensis ecclesiæ" [Zurich, Seckingen] by Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" to "Alberto comiti de Habisburc" who married "filiam comitis Rodolfi"[85]

Graf Albrecht [III] & his wife had [two] children: 

1.         [GERTRUD .  A Habsburg genealogy names "Ruodolfum et comitissam de Linigen" as the children of "Alberctus per Itam cometissam de Pfullendorf, filiam sororis ducis Welph"[86].  Brinckmeier cites a charter dated 1220 under which Gertrud "widow", after the death of "ihres Gemahls des Grafen Friedrich von Leiningen", donated property "in partibus Logane" which belonged to her husband and now belonged to "Herrn Friedrich ehedem genannt von Hartenburg nun Grafen von Leiningen" to Limburg church[87]m FRIEDRICH [II] Graf von Leiningen, son of --- (-[10 Mar 1217/1220]).] 

2.         RUDOLF [II] "der Alte" (-bur 10 Apr 1232 Muri Convent).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Ruodolfum et comitissam de Linigen" as the children of "Alberctus per Itam cometissam de Pfullendorf, filiam sororis ducis Welph"[88]Graf von Habsburg, Herr zu Laufenburg.  Landgraf im Elsass 1196.  "Rodolfus comes de Habespurch" donated property to the church of St Ulrich, with the consent of "patris mei comitis Alberti", by charter dated to [1198][89].  "Rudolfus et filius meus Adelbertus…comites de Habespurch" confirmed donations to Kloster Kreuzlingen by charter dated 1198, witnessed by "Rudolfus comes de Tierstein…"[90].  He was given the Imperial Vogtei of Uri 1218 by Emperor Friedrich II, on the death of Berthold V last Herzog von Zähringen, which commanded an important trading position opening on to the St Gotthard pass, but which Rudolf lost in 1231 when Heinrich VII King of Germany took it back.  He inherited the Grafschaft im Frickgau, a territory which enabled him to link his lands in Alsace and Aargau.  The necrology of the church of Bero records the death "IV Id 1232" of "Ruodolfus com de Habesburg senior"[91]m AGNES von Staufen, daughter of GOTTFRIED von Staufen & his wife --- (-10 Mar before 1232).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Agnesam filiam Götfridi de Stoffen, quod est inter Wormatiam et Spiream" as the wife of "Ruodolfus"[92].  According to Hamann, Agnes belonged to the family of the Edlen von Staufen, who lived between Speyer and Worms, not to the imperial dynasty of the same name[93].  This origin is not mentioned in Europäische Stammtafeln[94].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VI Id Mar" of "Agnes com de Habisburc"[95].  Graf Rudolf [II] & his wife had six children: 

a)         ALBRECHT [IV] "der Weise" (-near Ascalon, Palestine 22 Nov 1240).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Alberctum, Rudolfum, Wernherum, Helwigam, Gertrudem, uxores Hermanni et Ludwici, fratrum comitum de Froburg" as the children of "Ruodolfus" and his wife[96].  "Rudolfus et filius meus Adelbertus…comites de Habespurch" confirmed donations to Kloster Kreuzlingen by charter dated 1198, witnessed by "Rudolfus comes de Tierstein…"[97]Graf von Habsburg.  He is named "consanguineo meo Alberto comite de Habespurg lantgravio Alsatie" in the charter dated 25 Jun 1233 under which "Uolricus comes Phirretensis" confirmed donations to the church of Basel[98].  The relationship is through Graf Albrecht´s paternal grandfather´s sister.  "Grauo Albreht unde Grauo Ruodolf von Habsburg" divided their territories, in the presence of "deme Biscoffe Lutoldo von Basila unde deme Grauen Ludewige von Vroburc", by charter dated to [1239][99].  The Liber Anniversariorum of Hitzkirch (near Luzern) records the death "X Kal Dec" of "com Alberchtus de Habsburg"[100]m ([1215]) HEILWIG von Kiburg, daughter of ULRICH Graf von Kiburg & his wife Anna von Zähringen ([1192]-30 Apr 1260, bur Muri).  The Ellenhardi Chronicon refers to the wife of "Alberti comitis in Habichburg…lantgravius Alsatie superioris" as "filia comitis in Kiburch"[101].  A Habsburg genealogy names "Heilwigam filiam Uolrici comitis de Chiburg" as the wife of "Alberctus"[102].  Graf Albrecht [IV] & his wife had five children: 

i)          daughter (-30 Jan 1250).  The Chronicon Colmarense records that "filia…altera [comitis Alberti de Habispurch]" became a nun "in claustrum dominarum de Adelhusen prope Friburgum ordinis fratrum Predicatorum"[103].  Nun in the Dominican convent of Adelhausen near Freiburg im Breisgau 1236. 

ii)         RUDOLF [IV] (Burg Limburg, Upper Rhine 1 May 1216-Germersheim near Speyer 15 Jul 1291, bur Speyer Cathedral).  The Ellenhardi Chronicon names "Ruodolfus rex Romanorum" as son of "Alberti comitis in Habichburg…lantgravius Alsatie superioris"[104].  The Chronicon Colmarense records the birth "1218 Kal Mai" of "comes Rudolfus de Habisburch", specifying that he was "de progenie ducis Zeringie"[105]Graf von Habsburg, Landgraf von Thurgau.  A charter dated 20 Nov 1246, which records an agreement between the citizens of Basel and Mulhouse and the abbey of Butenheim relating to "castro…Landisera", names "Rodulphus comes de Habchspurc junior et Hartmannnus frater suus" among the guarantors[106].  Landgraf von Kiburg, after the death of his maternal uncle Graf Hartmann 1264.  He was elected as RUDOLF I King of Germany 1 Oct 1273 at Frankfurt-am-Main, crowned at Aachen 24 Oct 1273.  He succeeded as Duke of Austria and Steiermark (Styria) in 1276. 

-         DUKES of AUSTRIA

iii)        KUNIGUNDE (-after [1285/99]).  The Chronicon Colmarense records that "filia una [comitis Alberti de Habispurch]" married "comiti de Cussaperch"[107].  The Alberti Argentinensis Chronicon records that “comes de Kussenberg” married “sororem...Rudolfi” and that after he died childless she married “Ottoni de Ochsenstein” from whom “domini de Ochsenstein et Strasberg” descend[108].  The Annales Colmarienses record that "dominus de Ochssinstein, filius sororis Ruodolphi regis" removed "scultetum Columbariensem Syfridum" in 1281[109]m firstly HEINRICH Graf von Küssaberg, son of --- (-after 1251).  Graf von Stühlingen 1245.  m secondly OTTO [III] von Ochsenstein Landgraf im Elsass, son of --- (-[26 Sep 1289/Mar 1290). 

iv)        ALBRECHT [V] (before 1228-14 Dec 1254).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Alberctum, Hartmannum" as the children of "Alberctus" and his wife[110].  The Chronicon Colmarense records that "unum filium [comitis Alberti de Habispurch]" was "clericum"[111].  Canon at Strasbourg Cathedral 1242/53.  Canon at Basel Cathedral 1242/47.  Canon at Konstanz Cathedral.  The Liber Anniversariorum of churches at Konstanz records the death "XVIII Kal Jan" of "Albertus com de Habespurch can huius ecclesie"[112].  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "XIX Kal Ian" of "com Albertus, Rudolphi regis Romanorum frater, can Argentensis benefactor"[113]

v)         HARTMANN (-3 Jul 1251).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Alberctum, Hartmannum" as the children of "Alberctus" and his wife[114].  Minor 1240/45.  A charter dated 20 Nov 1246, which records an agreement between the citizens of Basel and Mulhouse and the abbey of Butenheim relating to "castro…Landisera", names "Rodulphus comes de Habchspurc junior et Hartmannnus frater suus" among the guarantors[115].  He was imprisoned in Lombardy as a supporter of the imperial party.

b)         HEILWIG (-after 11 Oct 1263).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Alberctum, Rudolfum, Wernherum, Helwigam, Gertrudem, uxores Hermanni et Ludwici, fratrum comitum de Froburg" as the children of "Ruodolfus" and his wife[116]m HERMANN [III] Graf von Frohburg, son of HERMANN Graf von Frohburg & his wife --- (-before Feb 1237). 

c)         GERTRUD .  A Habsburg genealogy names "Alberctum, Rudolfum, Wernherum, Helwigam, Gertrudem, uxores Hermanni et Ludwici, fratrum comitum de Froburg" as the children of "Ruodolfus" and his wife[117].  1223/41.  m LUDWIG [III] Graf von Frohburg, son of HERMANN Graf von Frohburg & his wife ---  (-before 1259, bur Zofingen).

d)         RUDOLF [III] "der Schweigsame" (- 9 Oct 1249, bur Wettingen).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Alberctum, Rudolfum, Wernherum, Helwigam, Gertrudem, uxores Hermanni et Ludwici, fratrum comitum de Froburg" as the children of "Ruodolfus" and his wife[118].  "Grauo Albreht unde Grauo Ruodolf von Habsburg" divided their territories, in the presence of "deme Biscoffe Lutoldo von Basila unde deme Grauen Ludewige von Vroburc", by charter dated to [1239][119].  Graf von Laufenburg. 

-        GRAFEN von LAUFENBURG

e)         WERNER (-young).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Alberctum, Rudolfum, Wernherum, Helwigam, Gertrudem, uxores Hermanni et Ludwici, fratrum comitum de Froburg" as the children of "Ruodolfus" and his wife[120]

f)          daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m WALTER [I] Vogt von Schwarzenberg, son of --- (-before 25 Jul 1249). 

 

 

The precise relationship between the following person and the main Habsburg family has not been traced: 

1.         ADELHEID von Habsburg (-1313).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[121], she was the niece of Rudolf I Graf von Habsburg King of Germany, but her parents have not been identified.  m (1283, consecrated 8 Feb 1285) NIKOLAUS I Duke of Troppau, legitimated son of OTAKAR PŘEMYSL II King of Bohemia & his mistress --- ([1255]-25 Jul 1318).   

 

 

 

D.      HERREN von HASENBURG

 

 

1.         BURCHARD von Hasenburg [Asuel] (-[6 Aug 1173/11 Oct 1175]).  "Burcardus de Hasenburc…et filii mei Lutholdus et Heinricus" confirmed the right of the canons of St Ursanne to propose a church appointment at Glovelier, by charter dated 6 Aug 1173[122].  "Hugo ecclesie Sancti Ursini prepositus" recorded in a charter dated 11 Oct 1175 that "filii fratris mei Burkardi, Bertoldus…et Heinricus" challenged their father´s grant of the church of Boecourt to Bellelay abbey, but now confirmed the donation, witnessed by "mater eorum Williburgis…"[123].  The donation in question was confirmed by Ludwig Bishop of Basel, in the presence of "fratris mei comitis Volmari, domino Reingero Hassenburgense", by charter dated 28 Oct 1175 which names "domino Burchardo Hassenburgense…filii Lutoldus…et Heinricus"[124]m WILLIBURG, daughter of --- (-after 11 Oct 1175).  "Hugo ecclesie Sancti Ursini prepositus" recorded in a charter dated 11 Oct 1175 that "filii fratris mei Burkardi, Bertoldus…et Heinricus" challenged their father´s grant of the church of Boecourt to Bellelay abbey, but now confirmed the donation, witnessed by "mater eorum Williburgis…"[125].  Burchard & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         LUTOLD (-after 11 Oct 1175).  "Burcardus de Hasenburc…et filii mei Lutholdus et Heinricus" confirmed the right of the canons of St Ursanne to propose a church appointment at Glovelier, by charter dated 6 Aug 1173[126].  "Hugo ecclesie Sancti Ursini prepositus" recorded in a charter dated 11 Oct 1175 that "filii fratris mei Burkardi, Bertoldus…et Heinricus" challenged their father´s grant of the church of Boecourt to Bellelay abbey, but now confirmed the donation, witnessed by "mater eorum Williburgis…"[127]

b)         [BERTHOLD (-after 11 Oct 1175]).  "Hugo ecclesie Sancti Ursini prepositus" recorded in a charter dated 11 Oct 1175 that "filii fratris mei Burkardi, Bertoldus…et Heinricus" challenged their father´s grant of the church of Boecourt to Bellelay abbey, but now confirmed the donation, witnessed by "mater eorum Williburgis…"[128].  It is not clear that "Bertholdus" was another son of Burchard or whether the name represents an error for "Lutoldus" in the document.] 

c)         HEINRICH .  "Burcardus de Hasenburc…et filii mei Lutholdus et Heinricus" confirmed the right of the canons of St Ursanne to propose a church appointment at Glovelier, by charter dated 6 Aug 1173[129]m ---.  The name of Heinrich´s wife is not known.  Heinrich & his wife had one child: 

i)          BURCHARD .  A charter dated 11 Jul 1212 records a settlement between the abbey of Lucelle and "dominum Borcardum de Hasenbürch" concerning a mill at Loufen donated by "ipse cum patre suo domino Heinrico", later confirmed by "uxore eius Adehledis"[130].  "Burchardus de Hasenburch" reached agreement with the abbey of Lucelle about certain revenues and properties by charter dated 11 Jul 1218, later confirmed by "domina Hadelehidis…coram sepedicto Burchardo marito suo, cum filiis suis Henrico, Burchardo, Walthero et Bertholdo"[131]m ADELHEID, daughter of --- (-after 11 Jul 1218).  A charter dated 11 Jul 1212 records a settlement between the abbey of Lucelle and "dominum Borcardum de Hasenbürch" concerning a mill at Loufen donated by "ipse cum patre suo domino Heinrico", later confirmed by "uxore eius Adehledis"[132].  "Burchardus de Hasenburch" reached agreement with the abbey of Lucelle about certain revenues and properties by charter dated 11 Jul 1218, later confirmed by "domina Hadelehidis…coram sepedicto Burchardo marito suo, cum filiis suis Henrico, Burchardo, Walthero et Bertholdo"[133].  Burchard & his wife had four children: 

(a)       HEINRICH (-before 8 Jul 1241).  "Burchardus de Hasenburch" reached agreement with the abbey of Lucelle about certain revenues and properties by charter dated 11 Jul 1218, later confirmed by "domina Hadelehidis…coram sepedicto Burchardo marito suo, cum filiis suis Henrico, Burchardo, Walthero et Bertholdo"[134]

(b)       BURCHARD (-after 8 Jul 1241).  "Burchardus de Hasenburch" reached agreement with the abbey of Lucelle about certain revenues and properties by charter dated 11 Jul 1218, later confirmed by "domina Hadelehidis…coram sepedicto Burchardo marito suo, cum filiis suis Henrico, Burchardo, Walthero et Bertholdo"[135].  "Burchardus dominus de Hasenburch…et uxori sue Mechtildi" resigned his fiefs "castrum Hasenburch, advocatiam Sancti Ursicini…" to the bishop of Basel due to poverty, by charter dated 8 Jul 1241, which names "olim bone memorie Henrico predecessori nostro"[136]m MATHILDE, daughter of --- (-after 8 Jul 1241).  "Burchardus dominus de Hasenburch…et uxori sue Mechtildi" resigned his fiefs "castrum Hasenburch, advocatiam Sancti Ursicini…" to the bishop of Basel due to poverty, by charter dated 8 Jul 1241[137]

(c)       WALTER (-after 11 Jul 1218).  "Burchardus de Hasenburch" reached agreement with the abbey of Lucelle about certain revenues and properties by charter dated 11 Jul 1218, later confirmed by "domina Hadelehidis…coram sepedicto Burchardo marito suo, cum filiis suis Henrico, Burchardo, Walthero et Bertholdo"[138]

(d)       BERTHOLD (-after 11 Jul 1218).  "Burchardus de Hasenburch" reached agreement with the abbey of Lucelle about certain revenues and properties by charter dated 11 Jul 1218, later confirmed by "domina Hadelehidis…coram sepedicto Burchardo marito suo, cum filiis suis Henrico, Burchardo, Walthero et Bertholdo"[139]

2.         HUGO (-after 11 Oct 1175).  "Hugo ecclesie Sancti Ursini prepositus" recorded in a charter dated 11 Oct 1175 that "filii fratris mei Burkardi, Bertoldus…et Heinricus" challenged their father´s grant of the church of Boecourt to Bellelay abbey, but now confirmed the donation, witnessed by "mater eorum Williburgis…"[140]

 

 

 

E.      GRAFEN von HOMBERG

 

 

1.         WERNER (-after 4 Mar 1173).  Graf von Homberg.  “...Wernherus et Fridericus comites de Honberch...” witnessed the charter dated 4 Mar 1173 under which Emperor Friedrich I confirmed donations to the church of Bero made by “comitis Ulrici...de Lenzburg[141]

2.         FRIEDRICH (-after 4 Mar 1173).  Graf von Homberg.  “...Wernherus et Fridericus comites de Honberch...” witnessed the charter dated 4 Mar 1173 under which Emperor Friedrich I confirmed donations to the church of Bero made by “comitis Ulrici...de Lenzburg[142]

 

 

1.         LUDWIG [I] (-killed in battle Schoßhalde 27 Apr 1289)Graf von Hombergm (before 15 Jan 1283) as her first husband, ELISABETH von Rapperswil, daughter and heiress of RUDOLF [III] Graf von Rapperswil & his wife --- (before 1261-10 Apr 1309).  She married secondly (before 12 Mar 1296) as his first wife, Rudolf [II] von Habsburg Graf von Laufenburg.  “Rudolfus comes de Habsburgis et dominus in Rappreschwil un Elisabeth Gräfin v. Rapprsw” confirmed the sale of property by “Heinrich Vogt von Dürnten” by charter dated 12 Apr 1296[143].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 7 Jan 1300 under which “Elisabeth Gräfin von Habsburg und Frau z. Raprechtswile” pledged property to “Herrn Hermann von Landenberg Marschalk zu Oesterreich”, with the consent of “ihres Gemahls und Sohnes, der Grafen Rudolf v. H. U. Wernher von Homberg”, by charter dated 7 Jan 1300[144].  The death “IV Id Apr” of “Elizabeth die Gräfin, unser Stifterin” is recorded in the necrology of Wurmsbach[145].  Ludwig [I] & his wife had children: 

a)         WERNER [II] (-in Italy 21 Mar 1320).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 7 Jan 1300 under which [his mother] “Elisabeth Gräfin von Habsburg und Frau z. Raprechtswile” pledged property to “Herrn Hermann von Landenberg Marschalk zu Oesterreich”, with the consent of “ihres Gemahls und Sohnes, der Grafen Rudolf v. H. U. Wernher von Homberg[146]Graf von Hombergm ([11 Jun 1315/6 Apr 1316]) as her second husband, MARIA von Oettingen, widow of RUDOLF [II] von Habsburg Graf von Laufenburg, daughter of FRIEDRICH [I] Graf von Oettingen & his wife Elisabeth von Dornberg (-10 May 1369, bur Lichtenthal).  She married thirdly (before 28 Feb 1326) Rudolf IV Markgraf von Baden-Pforzheim

 

 

 

F.      GRAFEN von LAUFENBURG

 

 

Laufenburg is located in the present-day Swiss canton of Aargau. 

 

 

RUDOLF [III] "der Schweigsame" von Habsburg, son of RUDOLF [II] "der Alte" Graf von Habsburg, Herr zu Laufenburg & his wife Agnes von Staufen (- 9 Oct 1249, bur Wettingen).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Alberctum, Rudolfum, Wernherum, Helwigam, Gertrudem, uxores Hermanni et Ludwici, fratrum comitum de Froburg" as the children of "Ruodolfus" and his wife[147].  "Grauo Albreht unde Grauo Ruodolf von Habsburg" divided their territories, in the presence of "deme Biscoffe Lutoldo von Basila unde deme Grauen Ludewige von Vroburc", by charter dated to [1239][148]Graf von Laufenburg.  A charter dated 4 Sep 1207 records the arbitration of a dispute between “comitem Rudolfum de Habisburc” and the monastery of Secking concerning “castris et villa Loufenberc[149].  He received lands in southern Zürichgau (Zug, Schwyz, Unterwalden), the Vogtei of the Klostern Muri and Ottmarsheim, as well as Sempach, Willisau and Laufenburg from his older brother in [1232/39] when the latter partitioned the families territories. 

m GERTRUD von Regensberg, daughter of LÜTOLD [VI] von Regensberg & his wife Sophie de Neuchâtel (-20 Mar ----).  A Habsburg genealogy names "filiam Lutoldi de Regensburg" as the wife of "Rudolfus frater…Albercti"[150].  “Gerdrudis comitissa de Habisburch” donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “filiorum suorum...G. comitis et Rhodolphi, Ottonis et Eberhardi”, by charter dated 16 Jun 1254[151].  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "XI Non Jul" of "com Ruo de Habsburg et uxor eius Gerdrudis et filius eorundem Wernherus"[152], the date probably referring to the death of Werner. 

Graf Rudolf [I] & his wife had five children: 

1.         GOTTFRIED (-29 Sep 1271).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Götfridum, Wernherum et alios quam plures" as the children of "Rudolfus frater…Albercti" and his wife[153].  The Cronica de Berno records that "comes Gotfridus de Habsburg" captured and killed 350 Bernese in 1241[154]Graf von Laufenburg.  “G. et R. comites de Habisburc cum O. et E. fratribus” donated property to Kloster Wettingen, after the recent death of “fratris nostri Wernheri adolescentis”, by charter dated 30 Jul 1253[155].  “Gerdrudis comitissa de Habisburch” donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “filiorum suorum...G. comitis et Rhodolphi, Ottonis et Eberhardi”, by charter dated 16 Jun 1254[156].  "Goetfridus et Eberhardus fratres utrini comites dicti de Habsburch" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Cappel by "Rudolfo patre nostro comite de Habsburch" by charter dated 15 Oct 1263[157].  The Annales Basilienses record the death in 1271 of "comes Gotfridus de Louffinberg"[158].  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "III Kal Oct" of "Goetfridus com de Habspurg"[159]m firstly (contract 18 Feb 1239) --- von Urach, daughter of EGINO [V] Graf von Urach & his wife Adelheid von Neuffen.  The marriage contract between “Rudolfus comes de Habichisburch langravius Alsatie...Gotfrido filio meo” and “filiam felicis recordationis Egenonis comitis de Friburch et Urah”, when they reach marriageable age, is dated 18 Feb 1239 and commits “domina A. vidua eiusdem comitis relicta, mater puelle, cum Chonrado filio suo” to pay the dowry[160]m secondly as her first husband, ADELHEID von Freiburg, daughter of KONRAD [I] Graf von Freiburg und Urach & his wife Sophie von Zollern (-17 Jan 1300).  She married secondly (before 27 Dec 1294) Burkhard [II] Herr von Horburg.  The Annales Colmarienses record the death "XVI Kal Feb 1300" of "domina de Horburc soror comitis Friburgensis"[161].  Graf Gottfried & his second wife had one child:

a)         RUDOLF [II] (15 Feb 1270-Montpellier [22 Dec 1314 or 28 Jan 1315]).  The Annales Basilienses record that "domina comitis Gotfridi" gave birth to a son "festo Margarethe" in 1270[162]Graf von Laufenburg. Herr zu Rapperswil 1296. 

          -        see below

Graf Gottfried had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

b)         RUDOLF von Dietikon ([1259]-22 Oct 1309).  Canon at Zürich Cathedral before 1281.  Canon at Konstanz Cathedral 1282, Archdeacon 1290, and Cathedral Thesaurius 1297/1308.  Provost of Zürich Cathedral 1306/09. 

2.         RUDOLF [II] (-3 Apr 1293).  “G. et R. comites de Habisburc cum O. et E. fratribus” donated property to Kloster Wettingen, after the recent death of “fratris nostri Wernheri adolescentis”, by charter dated to after 1 Aug 1253[163].  “Gerdrudis comitissa de Habisburch” donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “filiorum suorum...G. comitis et Rhodolphi, Ottonis et Eberhardi”, by charter dated 16 Jun 1254[164].  Canon at Basel Cathedral 1255.  Canon at Strasbourg Cathedral 1260.  Provostof Basel Cathedral 1260/74.  Provost of Konstanz Cathedral 1262/74.  Provost at Rheinfelden 1272.  Bishop of Konstanz 1274.  The Liber Anniversariorum of Zurzich records the death "III Non Apr 1293" of "Ruodolfus de Habspurg eps Constantiensis instaurator huius ecclesie"[165].  The Annales Colmarienses record the death in 1293 of "dominus Ruodolffus de Habisburc, episcopus Constantiensis, frater comitis Gotfridi de Louffinberg"[166]

3.         OTTO (-after 16 Jun 1254).  “Gerdrudis comitissa de Habisburch” donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “filiorum suorum...G. comitis et Rhodolphi, Ottonis et Eberhardi”, by charter dated 16 Jun 1254[167]

4.         EBERHARD (-1284 before 2 Jun).  “Gerdrudis comitissa de Habisburch” donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “filiorum suorum...G. comitis et Rhodolphi, Ottonis et Eberhardi”, by charter dated 16 Jun 1254[168].  "Goetfridus et Eberhardus fratres utrini comites dicti de Habsburch" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Cappel by "Rudolfo patre nostro comite de Habsburch" by charter dated 15 Oct 1263[169].  He succeeded in 1271 as Graf von Kiburg, by right of his wife. 

          -        GRAFEN von KIBURG

5.         WERNER (-3/6 Jul 1253, bur Wettingen).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Götfridum, Wernherum et alios quam plures" as the children of "Rudolfus frater…Albercti" and his wife[170].  “G. et R. comites de Habisburc cum O. et E. fratribus” donated property to Kloster Wettingen, after the recent death of “fratris nostri Wernheri adolescentis”, by charter dated 30 Jul 1253, which specifies that Werner was buried at the monastery[171].  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "XI Non Jul" of "com Ruo de Habsburg et uxor eius Gerdrudis et filius eorundem Wernherus"[172], the date probably referring to the death of Werner. 

 

 

RUDOLF [II] von Habsburg, son of GOTTFRIED [II] Graf von Habsburg-Laufenburg & his second wife Adelheid von Freiburg (15 Feb 1270-Montpellier [22 Dec 1314 or 28 Jan 1315]).  The Annales Basilienses record that "domina comitis Gotfridi" gave birth to a son "festo Margarethe" in 1270[173]Graf von Laufenburg.  Herr zu Rapperswil 1296: “Rudolfus comes de Habsburgis et dominus in Rappreschwil un Elisabeth Gráfin v. Rapprsw” confirmed the sale of property by “Heinrich Vogt von Dürnten” by charter dated 12 Apr 1296[174].  “Graf Rudolf von Habsburg und Johann sein Sohn” donated property, for the soul “der Gemahlin Elisabeth matris Johannis filii sui”, by charter dated 23 Mar 1310[175].  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "XI Kal Feb 1314" of "R com de Habspurg"[176], and in a later section recording the death "XI Kal Feb 1313" and burial "in ecclesia nostra" of "Rudolphus com de Habsburg benefactor"[177].  The necrology of Laufenburg church records the death “Jan XI Kal anno 1315” of “dominus Rudolwus comes de Habspurg dictus de Loffenberg et in Rapperswile[178]

m firstly (before 12 Mar 1296) as her second husband, ELISABETH von Rapperswil, widow of LUDWIG [I] Graf von Homberg, daughter and heiress of RUDOLF [III] Graf von Rapperswil & his wife --- (before 1261-10 Apr 1309).  “Rudolfus comes de Habsburgis et dominus in Rappreschwil un Elisabeth Gräfin v. Rapprsw” confirmed the sale of property by “Heinrich Vogt von Dürnten” by charter dated 12 Apr 1296[179].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 7 Jan 1300 under which “Elisabeth Gräfin von Habsburg und Frau z. Raprechtswile” pledged property to “Herrn Hermann von Landenberg Marschalk zu Oesterreich”, with the consent of “ihres Gemahls und Sohnes, der Grafen Rudolf v. H. U. Wernher von Homberg”, by charter dated 7 Jan 1300[180].  The death “IV Id Apr” of “Elizabeth die Gräfin, unser Stifterin” is recorded in the necrology of Wurmsbach[181]

m secondly as her first husband, MARIA von Oettingen, daughter of FRIEDRICH [I] Graf von Oettingen & his wife Elisabeth von Dornberg (-10 May 1369, bur Lichtenthal).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 30 May 1315 under which “Graf Johann von Habsburg” granted dower to “seiner Stiefmutter Maria, des Grafen Friedrich von Oettingen Tochter[182].  She married secondly ([11 Jun 1315/6 Apr 1316]) Werner [II] Graf von Homberg, and thirdly (before 28 Feb 1326) Rudolf IV Markgraf von Baden-Pforzheim

Mistress (1): ELISABETH von Strätlingen, daughter of --- (-1298 or after).  The primary source which confirms her relationship with Graf Rudolf has not been identified. 

Graf Rudolf [II] & his first wife had one child:

1.         JOHANN [I] (-killed in battle near Griesau 21 Sep 1337).  “Graf Rudolf von Habsburg und Johann sein Sohn” donated property, for the soul “der Gemahlin Elisabeth matris Johannis filii sui”, by charter dated 23 Mar 1310[183]Graf von Laufenburg.  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "XI Kal Oct 1337" of "com Iohannes de Habspurg…Ruo com filius eius de Habsburg"[184]m (before 25 Jul 1328) AGNES von Werde, daughter of SIEGMUND Graf von Werde [Saargaugrafen] & his wife --- (-12 Jun 1352).  “Graue Johans von Hapspurg und greuin Agnes sin eliche frowe, des...lantgrauen Symundes...von Nyderen Elzase wilande...tochter” confirmed the rights of the citizens of Laufenburg by charter dated 25 Jul 1328[185].  “Frau Agnes Gräfin von Habsburg und die Grafen Johannes, Rudolf u. Gotfrid v. H. Ihre Söhne” witnessed the charter dated 24 Jun 1347 which records an agreement between the abbess of Seckingen and the fishermen of Laufenburg[186].  Karl IV King of Germany confirmed rights to duties at Laufenburg to “Gräfin Agnes v. H. Landgraf Sigmunds v. Elsaß...Tochter” by charter dated 21 Dec 1347[187].  The necrology of Laufenburg church records the death “Non Jun” of “Dna Agnes comitissa de Habsburg...Lantgravia de Elsatia[188].  Graf Johann [I] & his wife had seven children: 

a)         JOHANN [II] (-17 Dec 1380)Graf von Laufenburg.  “Frau Agnes Gräfin von Habsburg und die Grafen Johannes, Rudolf u. Gotfrid v. H. Ihre Söhne” witnessed the charter dated 24 Jun 1347 which records an agreement between the abbess of Seckingen and the fishermen of Laufenburg[189].  Landgraf im Sisgau.  Graf von Habsburg-Neurapperswil 1353.  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "XVI Kal Jan 1380" of "Iohannes com de Habsburg"[190]m as her second husband, VERENA de Neuchâtel, widow of RODOLPHE [III] de Neuchâtel Seigneur de Nidau, daughter of THIEBAUT [IV] Seigneur de Neuchâtel [en Bourgogne] & his wife Agnes von Geroldseck (-1372).  Her family origin and her two marriages are indicated by a charter dated 21 Sep 1352 under which [her son] “Graff Rudolf von Nuwenburg herre ze Nydow” appointed Louis Comte de Neuchâtel to arbitrate disputes with “Verenen von Nuwenburg graevinen ze Habspurg, min muoter”, naming “graff Peter herren ze Arberg, minen vetter[191].  Graf Johann [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          VERENAm firstly (9 Sep 1354) as his second wife, FILIPPINO Gonzaga, son of LODOVICO [I] Gonzaga Podestà di Mantua & his first wife Richilda --- (-5 Apr 1356).  m secondly BURCHARD [XI] Graf von Hohenberg Herr von Nagold, son of OTTO [II] Graf von Hohenberg [Hohenzollern] gt von Nagold & his first wife Kunigunde von Wertheim. 

ii)         JOHANN [III] (-11 Jan 1392)Graf von Laufenburg.  Herr zu Rotenberg 1389.  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "III Id Jan 1392" of "Iohannes com filius quondam domini Iohannis de Habsburg"[192]

b)         RUDOLF [IV] (-Sep 1383).  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "XI Kal Oct 1337" of "com Iohannes de Habspurg…Ruo com filius eius de Habsburg"[193].  “Frau Agnes Gräfin von Habsburg und die Grafen Johannes, Rudolf u. Gotfrid v. H. Ihre Söhne” witnessed the charter dated 24 Jun 1347 which records an agreement between the abbess of Seckingen and the fishermen of Laufenburg[194].  The necrology of Fahr "X Kal Oct" names "Iohannis de Habsburg comitis…et Ruodolfi comitis fratris sui"[195]Graf von Laufenburgm (1354) ELISABETH von Mentone, daughter of ---.  Rudolf [IV] & his wife had one child: 

i)          JOHANN [IV] (-18 May 1408). Graf von Laufenburg.  Landvogt im Thurgau, Aargau und Schwarzwald 1389, 1396/98, and 1405/06.  A contemporary manuscript of Kloster Rheinau records that "ultimum ex stirpe Habspurgo-Laufenbergica advocatum nostrum Joannem IV" died 18 May 1408[196]m as her second husband, AGNES von [Hohen-]Landenberg-Greifensee, widow of HANS von Wessenberg, daughter of HERMANN "dem Jüngeren" von [Hohen-]Landeberg-Greifensee & his wife Adelheid von Sonnenberg.  She was created Gräfin by Imperial Order 14 May 1393[197].  1431.  Graf Johann [IV] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       daughter m (before 18 Jun 1400) SMASSMANN [Maximilian] von Rappoltstein (-[25 Feb/5 Mar] 1451).  

(b)       AGNES .  1408/25.  m DONAT Graf von Toggenburg (-7 Nov 1408).  Mistress of: RUDOLF Graf von Sulz .

(c)       URSULA (-1460).  A contemporary manuscript of Kloster Rheinau records that, after the death in 1408 of "ultimum ex stirpe Habspurgo-Laufenbergica advocatum nostrum Joannem IV", "Hermannus comes de Sulz" persuaded "Agnetem relictam viduam" to betrothe "Ursulam filiam unicam" to "filio suo Rudolpho", dated to 6 Jul 1408[198].  Heiress of the territories in Klettgau.  m (Betrothed 6 Jul 1408) RUDOLF Graf von Sulz, son of HERMANN Graf von Sulz & his wife --- (-1439, before 20 Oct). 

Graf Johann [IV] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

(d)        MAURITZ .  1415.

c)         GOTTFRIED [II] (-10 Jul 1375).  “Frau Agnes Gräfin von Habsburg und die Grafen Johannes, Rudolf u. Gotfrid v. H. Ihre Söhne” witnessed the charter dated 24 Jun 1347 which records an agreement between the abbess of Seckingen and the fishermen of Laufenburg[199].  Graf von Habsburg-Alt-Rapperswil and Graf im Klettgau.  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "VI Id 1375" of "Goetfridus com de Habspurg"[200]m AGNES von Teck, daughter of --- (-20 May ----, bur Königsfeld).  The necrology of Schaffhausen records the death "XIII Kal Jun" of "Agnes ducissa de Tecke, uxor Goetfridi comitis de Habspurg sepulta in Campo Regis"[201]

d)         ADELHEID (-[1370]).  A contemporary manuscript of Kloster Rheinau names "Rudolphus comes de Montfort…natus…Adelhaide matre…filia…Joannis II Hapbspurgici, soror Joannis III" as one of the three claimants to the Vogtei of Rheinau on the death of "ultimum ex stirpe Habspurgo-Laufenbergica advocatum nostrum Joannem IV" in 1408, and naming Adelheid´s husband "Hainrico comiti de Montfort domino in Tettnang"[202]m HEINRICH [I] Graf von Montfort in Tettnang (-[1 Jun 1407/18 Oct 1408]).  

e)         KATHARINA

f)          ELISABETH m JOHANN [II] Truchsess von Waldburg (-[22/31] Mar 1424).

g)         ANNA .  Canoness at Säckingen 1353.

Graf Rudolf [II] had one iIllegitimate child by Mistress (1):

2.          PETER von Dietikon (-6 Mar 1349).  “Petrus rector ecclesie in Dietikon” donated property, with the consent of “patris mei Rudolfi comitis de Habsburg”, by charter dated 2 Jan 1313[203].  Canon at Beromünster. 

 

 

 

G.      GRAFEN von LENZBURG, GRAFEN von SCHÄNNIS

 

 

The castle of Lenzburg was situated in the north-east of Zurichgau, west of the town of Zurich.  The reconstruction of this family as shown below is uncertain.  However, it appears to be a reasonable interpretation of several different sources when read together.  It is of some significance because of the connections shown with the families of the Rudolfian kings of Burgundy and with Humbert I Comte de Maurienne, whose descendants were counts of Savoy. 

 

 

1.         ULRICH [I] .  Graf [von Schännis].  The Liber Vitæ of Einsiedeln records the donation made in Apr by “comes Uolricus de Schennis et Mechthild uxor eius[204]m MECHTILD, daughter of ---.  The Liber Vitæ of Einsiedeln records the donation made in Apr by “comes Uolricus de Schennis et Mechthild uxor eius[205].  Ulrich [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         ARNOLD [I] (-after 976).  The Liber Vitæ of Einsiedeln records the donation of “molendinum in Buoas et huobam in Meli” made in May by “comes Arnolt, Uodalrici de Schennis filius[206].  Herr von Kloster Schännis: Emperor Otto I renewed the donation of “curtem nostram in loco Zizuris...in comitatu Hretiæ” to the church of Chur, noting that “Arnaldus Odalrici filius” claimed it belonged to “suam ecclesiam Skennines”, by charter dated 18 Aug 972, in the presence of “Bernonis...comitis palatini, Chuonradi, Odalrici, Adalberti, Hucbaldi, Rihuuini, Gotofredi, Managoldi, Lantoldi, Vuolfradi, Liutoldi comitum[207].  Vogt von Chorherrenstifts, Zürich: the dating clause of a charter dated 2 Jan 976, which confirmed various properties of the convent of Zürich, records “sub duce Ottone et advocato Arnolto[208]

b)         HEMMA (-23 Jan ----).  The Liber Vitæ of Einsiedeln records the donation made in Jan by “Hemma abbatissa filia Uodalrici comitis de Schennis[209].  A necrology of unknown provenance, marked "Fragmenta Incerta" in the compilation, records the death "X Kal Feb" of "Hemma abba Turicensis, Ulrici comitis de Schennis soror, alibi filia"[210].  The Liber Anniversariorum of Einsiedeln records the death in Jan of "Hemma abba filia Uodalrici comitis de Schennis"[211].] 

c)         HEINRICH (-16 Jan 1019).  Bishop of Lausanne.  The Liber Vitæ of Einsiedeln records the donation made in Jan by “Henricus episcopus Lausannensis filius Uolrici comitis de Schennis[212].  The  cartulary of Notre-Dame de Lausanne records that "Henricus" was ordained Bishop of Lausanne in 985 and held the position for 35 years, and that he acquired "comitatum Waldense" from Emperor Heinrich II[213].  The necrology of the church of Bero records the death "XVII Kal Feb 1019" of "Heinricus eps Lausanensis"[214].  According to Grote[215], the bishop of Lausanne who died in 1019 was "Heinrich von Schänis".  This suggests a relationship with the family of the Grafen von Lenzburg.  This assumption appears to be supported by the necrology of unknown provenance, marked "Fragmenta Incerta" in the compilation, which records the deaths of several "comitis de Schennis"[216].  It is probably also relevant that this Heinrich's supposed nephew Heinrich was Bishop of Lausanne at a later date, in view of the contemporary practice of episcopal appointments often being made within the same family.] 

 

 

1.         ---  .  The primary source which confirms the identity of Ulrich [II]’s father has not been identified.  The chronology suggests that he could have been Arnold [I] who is named above.  m ---.  The family origin of the mother of Ulrich [II] is not known.  However, it would not be surprising if she was ---, relative of the Burgundian nobleman Anselm [II], whose daughter married Humbert [I] Comte de Maurienne (see the documents BURGUNDY KINGDOM NOBILITY and SAVOY).  The indicators of this relationship are as follows.  Firstly, "Aimo, Sedun…episcopus", who is identified as Aimon son of Comte Humbert [I], donated property which he had inherited from "avunculo meo comite Oudolrico" to the church of Sion, by charter dated 12 Jun 1052[217].  As Aimon´s mother was probably the daughter of Anselm [I] (see BURGUNDY KINGDOM NOBILITY), "avunculo meo comite Oudolrico" can probably be identified as her brother Odalric/Ulrich.  Secondly, the same charter records that Bishop Aimon acted in this donation "per manum advocatis mei comitis Oudalrici".  Bishop Aimon also acted through "Odvolrici eiusdem ecclesie aduocati" in a charter dated 23 Dec 1043[218].  The "advocatus" of bishops and other ecclesiastical dignataries can often be identified as family members.  Thirdly, "Odalricus comes de Lenceburc" donated "allodium quod pater meus et mater in monte…Novum castrum emerunt" to the church of Sion by charter dated to [1036/54][219], which shows that the Lenzburg family had a connection with the bishopric of Sion.  It is therefore suggested that "Odalricus comes de Lenceburc" who is named in the [1036/54] charter and "advocatis mei comitis Oudalrici", named in the 23 Dec 1043 and 12 Jun 1052 documents, were the same person and can be identified as Ulrich [I] Graf von Lenzburg.  As Odalric/Ulrich, son of Anselm [II], is not recorded as having children, it is likely that the relationship with the Lenzburg family was through the female line.  The chronology suggests that this may have been through the mother of Graf Ulrich [II] who could have been a sister of Anselm [II].  [Two children]:

a)         ULRICH [II] (-20 Aug [1052/53]).  Graf von Lenzburg.  The necrology of the church of Bero, under "XIII Kal Sep", records that "Ulricus com de Lenzburg" restored the church of Bero in 1036[220].  “Vodalricus...comes” restored the church of Bero, as his patrinomy would be transmitted to his “nephews” in the absence of sons (“patrimonium meum non in filios (quoniam his orbatus sum) sed in nepotes meos sit transituram”), naming “nepoti meo Arnulfo...filius meus Henricus”, and provides for anniversaries for “mei et filii mei Conradi episcopi et filii mei Heinrici”, by charter dated 9 Feb 1036[221].  Vogt von Frauenmünster, Zürich.  "Odalricus comes de Lenceburc" donated "allodium quod pater meus et mater in monte…Novum castrum emerunt" to the church of Sion by charter dated to [1036/54][222].  As discussed above, it is possible that "advocatus Oudolricus" who is named in the following two documents was Ulrich [I] Graf von Lenzburg.  "Aymonis episcopi" enfeoffed a vassal with property "per manum Odvolrici eiusdem ecclesie aduocati" by charter dated 23 Dec 1043[223].  Heinrich III King of Germany confirmed donations made by “Ulricus comes” to the church of Bero “in pago Argowe in comitatu Arnolfi comitis” by charter dated 23 Jan 1045[224].  "Aimo, Sedun…episcopus" donated property, inherited from "avunculo meo comite Oudolrico…in villam…Ursaria", to the church of Sion "per manum advocatis mei comitis Oudalrici" by charter dated 12 Jun 1052[225].  Another advocatus ("advocati eiusdem ecclesie Upoldi") named in a charter dated 13 Mar 1054 which was also issued by Bishop Aimon[226].  This suggests that, if the co-identity with Graf Ulrich [I] is correct, that he died [1052/53].  The necrology of Sion records the death "XIII Kal Sep" of "Vdrici comitis de Lanceburc" who donated "predium suum de Nouo castro"[227].]  m ---.  The name of Ulrich’s wife is not known.  Graf Ulrich [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          KONRAD (-1052 or after).  Bishop of Genoa 1036.  “Vodalricus...comes” restored the church of Bero, naming “nepoti meo Arnulfo...filius meus Henricus”, and provides for anniversaries for “mei et filii mei Conradi episcopi et filii mei Heinrici”, by charter dated 9 Feb 1036[228]

ii)         HEINRICH (-[16 Jan] [1051/56]).  “Vodalricus...comes” restored the church of Bero, naming “nepoti meo Arnulfo...filius meus Henricus”, and provides for anniversaries for “mei et filii mei Conradi episcopi et filii mei Heinrici”, by charter dated 9 Feb 1036[229].  Provost of Beromünster 1036.  Bishop of Lausanne 1039.  A necrology of unknown provenance, marked "Fragmenta Incerta" in the compilation, records the death "XVII Kal Feb" of "Heinricus eps Lausannensis filius Ulrici comitis de Schennis"[230].  The Liber Anniversariorum of Einsiedeln records the death in Jan of "Heinricus eps Lausannensis filius Uolrici comitis de Schennis"[231].  There appears to be some confusion with the supposed uncle of this bishop Heinrich, also called Heinrich, whose death on the same date in 1019 is recorded in the necrology of Bero (see below). 

b)         [---.  If “nepoti” in the 9 Feb 1036 document quoted below can be interpreted in its strict sense of nephew, one of the parents of Arnold [III] was the sibling of Ulrich [II].  m ---.]  Two children: 

i)          ARNOLD [III] .  “Vodalricus...comes” restored the church of Bero, naming “nepoti meo Arnulfo...filius meus Henricus”, and provides for anniversaries for “mei et filii mei Conradi episcopi et filii mei Heinrici”, by charter dated 9 Feb 1036[232].  Graf im Aargau: Heinrich III King of Germany confirmed donations made by “Ulricus comes” to the church of Bero “in pago Argowe in comitatu Arnolfi comitis” by charter dated 23 Jan 1045[233].  “Rodulfus Suevorum dux” [Rudolf von Rheinfelden] decided the boundaries between Uri and Glarus as properties of the abbeys of Zürich and Säckingen, in the presence of “Purchardum comitem de Nellenburch, Chononem comitem de Wulvelingen, Arndoldum comitem de Lenzeburch...tunc utriusque monasterii advocatus”, by charter dated 6 May 1003 (misdated, presumably dated to [1060/70])[234]

ii)         son .  The charter dated 9 Feb 1036 states that Ulrich [II] had “nepotes” but only names Arnold [III][235]same person as...? ULRICH [III] (-after 1077).  His succession to Lenzburg suggests that he was another nephew of Ulrich [II].  Graf von Lenzburg

-         see below

 

 

ULRICH [III], son of --- (-[16 Nov] after 1077)Graf von Lenzburg.  Berthold’s Annales record the capture in 1077 of “abbas Massiliensis...” by “comite...Oudalrico” who imprisoned them “in castellum Lenciburg[236].  Bernold’s Chronicon records the same incident in 1077, specifying that “abbas Bernardus” was captured while travelling to Rome by “Oudalrico comite”, the ally of Heinrich IV King of Germany (“Heinrici complice”)[237]

m RICHENZA, daughter of RATBOD Graf [von Habsburg] & his wife Ida --- (-27 May 1080, bur Kloster Muri).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Wernherum comitem et Richenzam sororem eius de Lenzburg" as the children of "Ita de Habspurg"[238].  The necrology of the church of Bero records the death "VI Kal Iun 1080" of "Richenza com"[239]

Graf Ulrich [III] & his wife had [five] children: 

1.         ULRICH [IV] (-after 21 Apr 1101).  Graf im Aargau 1086/1101.  Emperor Heinrich IV granted Pfäfers monastery “quæ est sita est in Curvalia in comitatu Odalrici comitis de Braganica” to the bishop of Basel by charter dated Mar 1095[240]. "Sigefridus et fratres mei Conradus, Eberhardus et Ogoz" donated property "in pago Hegouva in comitatu Lodewici in locis…Ruti ze Hohenstetin…in pago Argouva sub comitatu Odalrici in…locis ze Willineshowo, ze Stofen, ze Nunnenwilare…in pago Briscaugia in comitatu Herimanni ze Hugenshein, necnon etiam in pago Heregouva…sub comitatu Manegoldi in villa…Polster" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 21 Apr 1101, witnessed by "Burcardi comitis de Rammeshein…"[241].  An undated charter relating to the foundation of Kloster Muri records a donation by "Uodalrico comite fratribusque eius Arnolfo et Rudolfo"[242]

2.         ARNOLD [IV] (-[15 May] ----, [11 Aug 1127/22 Jan 1130]).  An undated charter relating to the foundation of Kloster Muri records a donation by "Uodalrico comite fratribusque eius Arnolfo et Rudolfo"[243].  A Habsburg genealogy names "Arnoldum, Chono comitem, Wernherum de Baden" as the children of "Richenza de Lenzburg"[244], although the chronology would be stretched if the last two named (see below) were her children.  Graf von Lenzburg.  Emperor Heinrich V settled a dispute between "abbas de cella Sancti Meginradi et Ulricus advocatus eius" and “Rodulfus et Arnoldus comites” by charter dated 10 Mar 1114[245].  Vogt of Zürich church 1127.  “Comes Arnolfus” donated “prædium meum...Urane” to “ecclesiæ Schanniensi”, with the support of “uxore mea Hemma et filiis meis Udalrico, Arnolfo, Wernhero, Chunone”, and confirmed donations made by “Ulricus comes de Lenzburg bonæ memoriæ”, by charter dated 11 Aug 1127, witnessed by “filiorum fratris mei Ruodolfi, Udalirici et Arnolfi...[246].  A necrology of unknown provenance, marked "Fragmenta Incerta" in the compilation, records the death "Id May" of "Arnoltus com Ulrici de Schennis filius" and also the death "XIII Kal Mai 1105" of "Arnolfus com de Schennis"[247].  The Liber Anniversariorum of Einsiedeln records the donation in May "com Arnolt, Uodalrici de Schannis filius"[248]m HEMMA, daughter of ---.  “Comes Arnolfus” donated “prædium meum...Urane” to “ecclesiæ Schanniensi”, with the support of “uxore mea Hemma et filiis meis Udalrico, Arnolfo, Wernhero, Chunone”, by charter dated 11 Aug 1127[249].  Graf Arnold [IV] & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         ULRICH [V] (-21 Feb 1133).  “Comes Arnolfus” donated “prædium meum...Urane” to “ecclesiæ Schanniensi”, with the support of “uxore mea Hemma et filiis meis Udalrico, Arnolfo, Wernhero, Chunone”, by charter dated 11 Aug 1127[250].  Graf von Baden und im Zürichgau 1130.  A charter dated 22 Jan 1130 records the foundation of “Vare” monastery by “Liutolfus laicus de Reginsberch et eius...conjunx Judinta cum filio eorum Liutolfo”, in the presence of “Odalrici comitis de Baden, in cujus comitatu idem locus situs est”, witnessed by “Arnolt de Baden, Chono de Burron et filius eius Liutolt, Otto de Regensberch...[251].  The necrology of the church of Bero records the death "IX Kal Mar 1133" of "Ulricus com"[252]

b)         ARNOLD [V] von Baden (-5 Sep 1172).  “Comes Arnolfus” donated “prædium meum...Urane” to “ecclesiæ Schanniensi”, with the support of “uxore mea Hemma et filiis meis Udalrico, Arnolfo, Wernhero, Chunone”, by charter dated 11 Aug 1127[253].  "…Wernhero, Chunone, Arnoldo comitibus de Badin…" signed the charter dated [1134/37] which records the foundation of Kloster Salem[254].  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "Wernhero, Chunone, Arnoldo comitibus de Badin", undated but dateable to [1152][255].  Graf von Baden und Graf im Zürichgau 1169.  The necrology of the church of Bero records the death "Non Sep" of "Arnolphus com"[256]m ---.  The name of Arnold's wife is not known.  Arnold [V] & his wife had one child:

i)          RICHENZA (-24 Apr [1172]).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Richenzam de Chiburg" as daughter of "Arnoldus…de Baden filius Richenze de Lentzburg"[257].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "VIII Kal May" of "Richinza com Kyburge mater comitis de Dilingen"[258]m HARTMANN [III] Graf von Kiburg und Dillingen, son of ADALBERT [I] Graf von Dillingen & his wife Mathilde [von Mörsberg] (-1180 after 20 Aug). 

c)         WERNER (-3 Jul after 1159).  “Comes Arnolfus” donated “prædium meum...Urane” to “ecclesiæ Schanniensi”, with the support of “uxore mea Hemma et filiis meis Udalrico, Arnolfo, Wernhero, Chunone”, by charter dated 11 Aug 1127[259].  Graf von Baden.  “...Werinherus comes de Badin, Udalricus de Lenziburch” witnessed the charter dated 15 Nov 1140 under which Konrad III King of Germany confirmed donations to “cœnobio Heremitarum[260]Graf von Baden.  "…Wernhero, Chunone, Arnoldo comitibus de Badin…" signed the charter dated [1134/37] which records the foundation of Kloster Salem[261].  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "Wernhero, Chunone, Arnoldo comitibus de Badin", undated but dateable to [1152][262].  Vogt of Zürich church 1145/1149.  An agreement dated 23 Mar 1153 between Pope Eugene III and Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany is witnessed by "…comes Ulricus de Lenzburch, comes Wernerus de Lenzburch…"[263].  “Lieba de Flontrein” donated property to “cellæ B. Martini...in monte Thuricino”, in the presence of “comite et advocato Warnhero de Baden et fratre suo Chonone”, by charter dated 8 Dec 1155[264]

d)         CUNO von Baden (-5 Jan [1168/69]).  “Comes Arnolfus” donated “prædium meum...Urane” to “ecclesiæ Schanniensi”, with the support of “uxore mea Hemma et filiis meis Udalrico, Arnolfo, Wernhero, Chunone”, by charter dated 11 Aug 1127[265].  "…Wernhero, Chunone, Arnoldo comitibus de Badin…" signed the charter dated [1134/37] which records the foundation of Kloster Salem[266].  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "Wernhero, Chunone, Arnoldo comitibus de Badin", undated but dateable to [1152][267].  “Lieba de Flontrein” donated property to “cellæ B. Martini...in monte Thuricino”, in the presence of “comite et advocato Warnhero de Baden et fratre suo Chonone”, by charter dated 8 Dec 1155[268].  Graf im Zürichgau 1167.  m as her first husband, ADELHEID von Steffling, daughter of OTTO Landgraf von Steffling & his wife Adelheid von Wittelsbach.  The Notæ Genealogicæ Bavaricæ names (in order) "Ottonem, Heinricum, Fridericum et filiam" as children of "Otto lancravius" & his wife, specifying that the daughter married firstly "comiti de Baldern" and secondly "Chunoni de Tieufen"[269].  "Ottoni filio Lantgravii et Adilhildæ sorori suæ" donated property "in Regelindorf" to Regensburg St Emmeram by charter dated [1170][270].  She married secondly Kuno [I] von Teuffen

3.         RUDOLF [I] (-1 Jan or 2 Mar ----, after 3 Oct 1136).  An undated charter relating to the foundation of Kloster Muri records a donation by "Uodalrico comite fratribusque eius Arnolfo et Rudolfo"[271]Graf von Lenzburg.  Heinrich V King of Germany confirmed the privileges of Pfäfers monastery (“abbas...Fabariensis monasterii...in pago Retia Curiensi in comitatu Rodulfi”) "pro æterna memoria patris, conjugisque nostræ Mathildæ" by charter dated 27 May 1110[272].  Emperor Heinrich V settled a dispute between "abbas de cella Sancti Meginradi et Ulricus advocatus eius" and “Rodulfus et Arnoldus comites” by charter dated 10 Mar 1114[273].  The necrology of the church of Bero records the deaths "Kal Jan" and "VI Non Mar" both of "Rudolphus com"[274]m ---.  The name of Rudolf's wife is not known.  Rudolf [I] & his wife had five children:

a)         HUMBERT (-30 Sep 1156).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Hunbertum, Uodalricum, Arnoldum, Rudolfum et sorores eorum" as the children of "Rudolfus"[275]Graf von Lenzburg.  "…Humberto, Vlrico, Rvdolfo, Arnoldo comitibus de Lenzeburc…" signed the charter dated [1134/37] which records the foundation of Kloster Salem[276].  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "Humberto, Ulrico, Rudolfo, Arnoldo comitibus de Lenzeburc", undated but dateable to [1152][277], which suggests that the four were brothers.  "…Hunbertus de Lenzeburch et frater eius comes Odalricus…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Nov 1155 under which Emperor Friedrich I confirmed possessions of the church of Konstanz[278].  The necrology of the church of Bero records the death "II Kal Oct 1156" of "Humbertus com"[279]

b)         RUDOLF [II] (-1 Jan or 2 Mar, after [1152]).  “Comes Arnolfus” donated “prædium meum...Urane” to “ecclesiæ Schanniensi”, with the support of “uxore mea Hemma et filiis meis Udalrico, Arnolfo, Wernhero, Chunone”, by charter dated 11 Aug 1127, witnessed by “filiorum fratris mei Ruodolfi, Udalirici et Arnolfi...[280].  A Habsburg genealogy names "Hunbertum, Uodalricum, Arnoldum, Rudolfum et sorores eorum" as the children of "Rudolfus"[281].  "…Humberto, Vlrico, Rvdolfo, Arnoldo comitibus de Lenzeburc…" signed the charter dated [1134/37] which records the foundation of Kloster Salem[282].  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "Humberto, Ulrico, Rudolfo, Arnoldo comitibus de Lenzeburc", undated but dateable to [1152][283], which suggests that the four were brothers.  The necrology of the church of Bero records the deaths "Kal Jan" and "VI Non Mar" both of "Rudolphus com"[284]

c)         ULRICH [VI] (-5 Jan 1173).  “Comes Arnolfus” donated “prædium meum...Urane” to “ecclesiæ Schanniensi”, with the support of “uxore mea Hemma et filiis meis Udalrico, Arnolfo, Wernhero, Chunone”, by charter dated 11 Aug 1127, witnessed by “filiorum fratris mei Ruodolfi, Udalirici et Arnolfi...[285].  A Habsburg genealogy names "Hunbertum, Uodalricum, Arnoldum, Rudolfum et sorores eorum" as the children of "Rudolfus"[286]Graf von Lenzburg.  "…Humberto, Vlrico, Rvdolfo, Arnoldo comitibus de Lenzeburc…" signed the charter dated [1134/37] which records the foundation of Kloster Salem[287].  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "Humberto, Ulrico, Rudolfo, Arnoldo comitibus de Lenzeburc", undated but dateable to [1152][288], which suggests that the four were brothers.  An agreement dated 23 Mar 1153 between Pope Eugene III and Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany is witnessed by "…comes Ulricus de Lenzburch, comes Wernerus de Lenzburch…"[289].  "…Hunbertus de Lenzeburch et frater eius comes Odalricus…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Nov 1155 under which Emperor Friedrich I confirmed possessions of the church of Konstanz[290].  Emperor Friedrich I confirmed donations to the church of Bero made by “comitis Ulrici...de Lenzburg” by charter dated 4 Mar 1173, the wording of which suggests that the donor had recently died[291].  The necrology of the church of Bero records the death "Non Jan" of "Ulricus com"[292]

d)         ARNOLD [III] (-after [1152]).  “Comes Arnolfus” donated “prædium meum...Urane” to “ecclesiæ Schanniensi”, with the support of “uxore mea Hemma et filiis meis Udalrico, Arnolfo, Wernhero, Chunone”, by charter dated 11 Aug 1127, witnessed by “filiorum fratris mei Ruodolfi, Udalirici et Arnolfi...[293].  A Habsburg genealogy names "Hunbertum, Uodalricum, Arnoldum, Rudolfum et sorores eorum" as the children of "Rudolfus"[294].  "…Humberto, Vlrico, Rvdolfo, Arnoldo comitibus de Lenzeburc…" signed the charter dated [1134/37] which records the foundation of Kloster Salem[295].  “...Werinherus comes de Badin, Udalricus de Lenziburch” witnessed the charter dated 15 Nov 1140 under which Konrad III King of Germany confirmed donations to “cœnobio Heremitarum[296].  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "Humberto, Ulrico, Rudolfo, Arnoldo comitibus de Lenzeburc", undated but dateable to [1152][297], which suggests that the four were brothers. 

e)         BERTHA (-before 1159, bur Zwiefalten).  Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Bertha filia Roudolfi comitis de Lenzisburc" and "Liutfridi mariti sui"[298]m LIUTFRIED von Kalden, son of ---. 

4.         [---.  m ---.]  [One child:]

a)         [EBLO (-4 May ----).  The necrology of the church of Bero records the death "IV Non Mai" of "Ieblo nepos dominorum de Lenzburg"[299], although it is not known to which generation he belonged.] 

 

 

 

H.      GRAFEN von OLTINGEN

 

 

According to Zapf, Oltingen was located in the diocesis of Konstanz at the confluence of the rivers Aar and Sarine[300].  Fabri specifies that the castle, whose ruins still existed when he was writing, was built on a hundred metre rock which dominates the small town[301].  By 1241 Oltingen was held by the Grafen von Kirburg, as shown by the charter dated 9 Jul 1241 under which “H. comes de Kyburch” granted “castra Windege, Langinburc, Oltingin” to “uxori mee”, with the consent of “fratruelis mei H. comitis de Kyburch[302]

 

 

1.         BUCCO (-1089 or after).  Graf von Oltingen.  "Comes Bucco" donated property "in pago Viliacense…in villa…sancti Albini" to Lausanne by charter dated 28 Oct [1072/73], witnessed by "Episcopo Borkardo atque Amalrico et advocato Aimone, laudante Conone filio suo"[303]m ---.  The name of Bucco's wife is not known.  Graf Bucco & his wife had two children:

a)         KUNO (-after 24 Dec 1089).  The Gesta Episcoporum Lausannensium records the donation of "Cononi comiti de Oltudengas fratris suo [Borcardi Lausannensis episcopus]"[304], implying that this was made after the death of his brother.  Graf von Oltingen.  [1080/89].  [Heinrich IV King of Germany granted “castrum Arunciacum...in pago...Ochtlanden in comitatu Tirensi et villam Faverni et Salam” [Arconciel/Ergenzach in Oechtland in the county of Tirens] to “Cononi comiti” by charter dated 1082[305].  It is not certain that this charter refers to Kuno Graf von Oltingen.  However, the properties granted appear to have been in the area of Oltingen and no other Graf Kuno/Konrad has been identified in that vicinity.]  The  cartulary of Notre-Dame de Lausanne records that "Cononi comiti de Oltudenges" brother of "Borcardus Lausannensis episcopus…filius comitis Bucconis de Oltudenges" donated "curias de Resuldens et de Losnozro" to Lausanne cathedral[306]m --- [de Luxembourg, daughter of GISELBERT Comte de Luxembourg & his wife ---].  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the charter dated 1088 under which her daughter "Regina ex prosapia non obscura…comitis Cononis filia qui frater extit Conraldi viri…in itinere Jerosolimitano defuncti, generi nimirum comitis Pictaviensis" donated property to the abbey of Marcigny-sur-Loire for the foundation of the priory of Aiwaille[307].  Fabri identifies "Conradi" as Conrad Comte de Luxembourg, suggesting that "frater" should be interpreted to indicate brother-in-law[308].  If the speculation relating to the two possible marriages of Giselbert´s wife is correct as suggested in the document LUXEMBOURG, “frater” could indicate uterine brother, in which case Kuno´s wife may have been the full sister of Hermann [anti] King of Germany.  Graf Kuno & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          REGINA [Kuniza] (-after 12 Apr 1107).  "Regina ex prosapia non obscura…comitis Cononis filia qui frater extit Conraldi viri…in itinere Jerosolimitano defuncti, generi nimirum comitis Pictaviensis" donated property to the abbey of Marcigny-sur-Loire where she was about to become a nun, for the foundation of the priory of Aiwaille, by charter dated 1088, which states that "me maritalis jugi sarcina exoneravit" suggesting an amicable separation from her husband[309].  The charter dated 1095 under which "Guillelmus comes" donated property to Marcigny-sur-Loire names "mater mea Cuniza Cononis filia"[310].  She is named "mater mea Regina" in her son's 1107 charter which also names her father "avi ac nutritoris mei Cononis comitis"[311].  In a charter dated 1139, "Albero…Leodiensium episcopus" notes a donation of property to the abbey of Marcigny-sur-Loire by "domna Ermensendis comitissa de Musalt, quæ uxor extitit…comitis Alberici" on the suggestion of "quadam nobili et religiosa fœmina nomine Regina, sibi enim consanguinea"[312], the original donation presumably being dated before [1109] when Ermesinde married her second husband.  It is likely that "Regina" in this charter was Regina von Oltingen, whose mother was first cousin to Ermesinde.  m (before [1085], separated) RENAUD II Comte Palatin de Bourgogne, son of GUILLAUME I "le Grand" Comte Palatin de Bourgogne & his wife Etiennette --- (-[Palestine 1097 or Summer 1101]). 

ii)         [daughter .  The name and origin of the wife of Pierre Seigneur de Glane are not known.  However, a charter dated 1170, which records the division of revenue for Hauterive abbey, records that "Petrus dominus de Glane" had "quatuor filias…una…Emma…", adding that Emma was "mater Vldrici domini de Arconciei"[313].  It is assumed that this document means that Emma was heiress of Arconciel, which she brought to the family of the comtes de Neuchâtel.  Heinrich IV King of Germany granted “castrum Arunciacum...in pago...Ochtlanden in comitatu Tirensi et villam Faverni et Salam” {Arconciel/Ergenzach in Oechtland in the county of Tirens} to “Cononi comiti” by charter dated 1082[314].  As is noted above, “Cononi comiti” has not definitely been identified as Kuno Graf von Oltingen.  However, if this co-identity is correct, it is reasonable to suppose that Kuno granted Arconciel to his daughter on her marriage.  It is interesting to note that Pierre Seigneur de Glane was killed during the same incident with Guillaume III Comte de Palatin de Bourgogne who, if this suggested marriage is correct, would have been the great-nephew of Pierre´s wife, the son of her presumably older sister Regina.  m PIERRE Seigneur de Glane, son of --- (-killed Payerne Abbey 9 Feb or 1 Mar 1127, bur Cluniac priory Nirves).] 

b)         BURCHARD (-killed in battle Gleichen 24 Dec 1089).  Bishop of Lausanne 1057.  Imperial chancellor for Italy 1079.  The Gesta Episcoporum Lausannensium records the death "in vigilia natalis Domini 1089" of "Borcardus Lausannensis episcopus", recording that he was "filius comitis Bucconis de Oltudengas"[315].  The cartulary of Notre-Dame de Lausanne records the death "in vigilia natalis domini" of "Borcardus Lausannensis episcopus…filius comitis Bucconis de Oltudenges", killed "in Saxonia cum domino Henrico imperatore"[316]m ---.  The  cartulary of Notre-Dame de Lausanne records that "Borcardus Lausannensis episcopus…filius comitis Bucconis de Oltudenges" had "uxorem legitimam" who founded "capellam beati Nycholai…et ecclesiam sancti Petri de Martens apud Curtiliam" and donated "terram de Avernie" to Lausanne cathedral[317]

 

 

It is not known whether the following persons were related to the preceding family of Grafen von Oltingen. 

 

1.         KUNOHerr von Oltingenm ---.  The name of Kuno´s wife is not known.  Kuno & his wife had one child: 

a)         KUNO (-before 1225).  “Cono filius domini Cononis de Otoldenges” donated “decime de Tribus Vallibus, quam Humbertus de Fruentia dederat” to Hauterive, with the consent of “uxor predicti Cononis in castro de Otholdenges”, by charter dated to [1175/1200][318]m ADELAIDE de Scey, daughter of --- (-after 1225).  “Cono filius domini Cononis de Otoldenges” donated “decime de Tribus Vallibus, quam Humbertus de Fruentia dederat” to Hauterive, with the consent of “uxor predicti Cononis in castro de Otholdenges”, by charter dated to [1175/1200][319].  “Adilhadis de Cieis...uxor quondam Cononis de Oltingin militis” donated property to the Teutonic Knights at Fräschels by charter dated 1225, witnessed by “Gottefridus miles de Oltingin...[320]

 

 

[Four or more] siblings: 

1.         GOTTFRIED von Oltingen (-after 26 Jul 1231).  “Gotfridus miles de Oltingen” donated “decimam apud Grangiam” to Kloster Frienisberg by charter dated 1224, which states that “ipse Gotfridus in die sepulture sororis sue Elizabet in ecclesia de Ratoluingen” acknowledged and that “fratrum suorum” consented[321].  “Adilhadis de Cieis...uxor quondam Cononis de Oltingin militis” donated property to the Teutonic Knights at Fräschels by charter dated 1225, witnessed by “Gottefridus miles de Oltingin...[322].  “Gottefridus de Oltingen et filii sui” donated property to Lausanne Cathedral by charter dated 26 Jul 1231[323]m ---.  The name of Gottfried’s wife is not known.  Gottfried & his wife had children: 

a)         children (-after 26 Jul 1231).  “Gottefridus de Oltingen et filii sui” donated property to Lausanne Cathedral by charter dated 26 Jul 1231[324]

2.         two or more brothers (-after 1224).  “Gotfridus miles de Oltingen” donated “decimam apud Grangiam” to Kloster Frienisberg by charter dated 1224, which states that “ipse Gotfridus in die sepulture sororis sue Elizabet in ecclesia de Ratoluingen” acknowledged and that “fratrum suorum” consented[325]

3.         ELISABETH (-1224 or before, bur Ratolfingen).  “Gotfridus miles de Oltingen” donated “decimam apud Grangiam” to Kloster Frienisberg by charter dated 1224, which states that “ipse Gotfridus in die sepulture sororis sue Elizabet in ecclesia de Ratoluingen” acknowledged and that “fratrum suorum” consented[326]

 

 

 

I.        GRAFEN von RHEINFELDEN

 

 

According to Haverkamp, the family of the Grafen von Rheinfelden were Burgundian nobles[327], but any Burgundian ancestry has not been traced.  The old town of Rheinfelden is located on the left bank of the river Rhine in the present-day Swiss canton of Aargau, east of Basel. 

 

 

1.         [--- von Rheinfelden .  This person is recorded only in the unreliable Genealogia Welforum which is quoted below.  Any connection with the Zähringen family has not been traced.  The word “parenti” could indicate a remote family relationship.  m [---, daughter of KONRAD Duke of Swabia & his wife Richlind --- ([970/97]-).  The Genealogia Welforum refers to the four daughters of "Chuno comes [et] filia Ottonis Magni imperatoris", specifying that the second (unnamed) married "cuidam de Rinvelden parenti Zaringorum"[328].  The Historia Welforum refers to the four daughters of "Couno comes" and "filia Ottonis magnis imperatoris…Richlint", specifying that they married "una Roudolfo isti [=Welforum], alia cuidam de Rinveldin, parenti Zaringiorum, tercia regie Rugiorum, quarta comiti de Diezon"[329].  As noted under Swabia Dukes, these two sources are unreliable in their recording of the sons of Konrad I Duke of Swabia, so should not be assumed to be any more precise in recording his daughter.  The primary source which confirms her name has not been identified.]

 

 

[Two] siblings: 

1.         KUNO .  Graf before 1034.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[330], he was the stepbrother of Ida, wife of Graf Ratbod, ancestor of the Grafen von Habsburg.  This is presumably based on a Habsburg genealogy which records that "Theodricus dux Lotharingorum et Chono comes de Rinfelden" were brothers and that "horum soror Ita comitissa de Habspurg" restored the monastery of Muri[331].  The identity of "Theodricus dux Lotharingorum" in this text is confused as the passage also records that he was father of "Gerhardum ducem", who in turn was father of "Gerhardum de Egisheim, patrem Uodelrici et Sthephani".  The question remains whether Ida, wife of Ratbod, could have been related to Kuno von Rheinfelden.  m ---.  The name of Kuno's wife is not known.  Graf Kuno & his wife had three children: 

a)         RUDOLF von Rheinfelden (-killed in battle near Hohenmölsen near Merseburg [15/16] Oct 1080, bur Merseburg cathedral).  A Habsburg genealogy records "Chono comes de Rinfelden" was father of "Rudolfum regem"[332].  He was installed as Duke of Swabia in 1057.  He was elected as RUDOLF King of Germany in 1077. 

-        see below

b)         ADALBERO (-6 Aug 1070).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Monk at St Gallen.  Bishop of Worms 1066. 

c)         daughter .  Her parentage is confirmed by the Chronicon Ebersheimense which names "Adelgaudum abbatem…filius Iudite, filia sororis Ruodolfi [dux Alemannorum]" when recording that Emperor Heinrich expelled him from the abbey[333]m ---.  One child: 

i)          JUDITH .  Her parentage is confirmed by the Chronicon Ebersheimense which names "Adelgaudum abbatem…filius Iudite, filia sororis Ruodolfi [dux Alemannorum]" when recording that Emperor Heinrich expelled him from the abbey[334]m ---.  One child: 

(a)       ADELGAUD .  The Chronicon Ebersheimense names "Adelgaudum abbatem…filius Iudite, filia sororis Ruodolfi [dux Alemannorum]" when recording that Emperor Heinrich expelled him from the abbey[335].  Abbot of Ebersteinmünster. 

2.         [ADELHEID (-7 Dec after 1057, bur Alsleben).  The Annales Stadenses name "Adelheithim amitam Rodolfi [von Rheinfelden]" as wife of "comitem Luderum"[336].  Other parts of these Annales appear unreliable and this statement should be treated with caution until corroborated by another source.  The word “amita”, if used in its strict sense, would indicate paternal aunt, but it has been observed that the terms patruus/avunculus/amita/matertera are sometimes used indiscriminately in medieval sources to indicate relationships on either the paternal or maternal side of a family.  The Chronicon Monasterii Rosenfeld seu Hassefeld records the death “VII Id Nov” of “Luderus comes, qui capellam sancti Nicolai construxit” and in the next line “VII Id Dec” of “Adelheit cometissa uxor Luderi comitis[337]m ([1025]) LOTHAR-UDO von Stade, son of SIEGFRIED II Graf von Stade & his wife Adela von Alsleben (after 994-7 Nov 1057).  He succeeded in 1037 as LOTHAR-UDO II Graf von Stade, and in 1056 as LOTHAR-UDO I Markgraf der Nordmark.] 

 

 

RUDOLF von Rheinfelden, son of Graf KUNO & his wife --- (-killed in battle near Hohenmölsen near Merseburg [15/16] Oct 1080, bur Merseburg cathedral).  A Habsburg genealogy records "Chono comes de Rinfelden" was father of "Rudolfum regem"[338].  He was installed as Duke of Swabia in 1057 by Agnes de Poitou, widow of Emperor Heinrich III[339].  He became rector of Burgundy, entrusted with the administration of the kingdom, in 1060[340].  He introduced the stricter monastic rules from Fruttuaria[341] into the monastery of St Blasien in 1072.  He was one of the nobles opposed to his brother-in-law King Heinrich IV.  He was elected as RUDOLF King of Germany at Forcheim in Feb 1077 by the German nobility who were affronted by Pope Gregory VI's withdrawal of the order of excommunication against King Heinrich[342].  The Pope remained neutral, but after the king's defeat near Flarcheim on the Unstrut 27 Jan 1080, he renewed the excommunication of the king and impliedly declared support for Rudolf as anti-king by granting remission to the sins of Rudolf's supporters[343].  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1080 Id Oct" of "Roudolfus rex", and his burial "apud Merseburc"[344].  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "XVII Kal Nov" of "Ruodolfus rex"[345].  The identification of this entry with Rudolf von Rheinfelden is rendered more probable by another entry referring to his daughter Agnes as "filia Ruodolfi regis de Arle". 

m firstly (1059) MATHILDE of Germany, daughter of Emperor HEINRICH III King of Germany & his second wife Agnès de Poitou (1045-12 May 1060).  The Annales of Berthold record the marriage in 1059 of "Roudolfus Alemmanorum dux" and "Mahthildam, Heinrici regis sororem" and the death in 1060 of "Mahthilt soror regis"[346].  The Annales Sancti Blasii record the marriage in 1059 of "Roudolfus dux" and "Mahtildam regis sororem" and the death of "Mahtilt uxor Roudolfi ducis" in 1060[347]

m secondly ([1061/62]) ADELAIDE de Savoie, daughter of ODDON Comte de Chablais, Marchese di Susa & his wife Adelaida Marchesa di Susa ([1052/53]-[Schloß Twiel] early 1079, bur St Blasius).  The Annales of Berthold, which record the death in 1079 of "uxor…regis Roudolfi…Adelheit, filia Adelheidæ marchionissæ, soror Berhtæ reginæ uxoris Heinrici", prove that she was the daughter of Adelaida di Susa[348].  Her daughter Adelheid is named with "progenitoribus Rodolfo…rege et Adelheida…regina matertera Heinrici quarti inperatoris" in a charter dated [1079/10 Oct 1086][349]Europäische Stammtafeln[350] shows Adelaide's birth date as "after 1052", presumably based on the likelihood that she was born after her sister Berthe as Heinrich IV King of Germany would no doubt have married the older daughter.  Concerning her marriage date, it is likely that the marriage took place after the marriage of her older sister.  She is named "Adalheid coniux Ruodulfi ducis" in the Annales Weissemburgenses, which records that she was accused of being unchaste, was repudiated by her husband two years later, and found asylum at the court of Pope Alexander[351].  The Annales of Berthold record that "rex…Roudolfus…uxor" was "in partes Burgundiæ a Turego divertens", suffering "iniurias" in "quodam castello suo"[352].  The wife of "Rudolfus rex de Arle" is named "Adelheidis" in a list of founders of the monastery of St Peter in Schwarzwald[353].  The Annales Sancti Blasii record the death in 1079 of "Adelheit uxor Roudolfi regis" and her burial "apud Sanctum Blasium"[354].  The Annales of Berthold record the death in 1079 of "uxor…regis Roudolfi…Adelheit, filia Adelheidæ marchionissæ, soror Berhtæ reginæ uxoris Heinrici" and her burial "ad monasterium Sancti Blasii"[355].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[356], Adelaide married firstly Guigues Comte d'Albon.  Another table in Europäische Stammtafeln[357] shows the first wife of Guigues Comte d'Albon as "Adelais (von Turin)" and their son Guigues II Comte d'Albon as co-heir of Adelaida Marchese di Susa in 1091.  The basis for this alleged first marriage has not been found but it is unlikely to be correct considering Adelaide's likely birth date. 

Rudolf & his second wife had six children: 

1.         ADELHEID von Rheinfelden ([1063/65]-3 May 1090, bur St Blasius).  "Filia eorum Adilheida regina que nupsit regi Ungariorum" and "progenitoribus Rodolfo…rege et Adelheida…regina matertera Heinrici quarti inperatoris" are named in a donation to Sankt-Blasien by charter dated [1079/10 Oct 1086] which also names "cuius filius [Rodolfo et Adelheida] Bertholfus…dux frater regine nostre…cum fratre suo Ottone"[358].  Her birth date is estimated from the estimated birth date range of her supposed daughter Piroska (although, as noted below, there is doubt concerning Piroska's parentage).  Given her likely birth date, Adelheid must have been her parents' oldest child.  The Chronicon of Bernold records that "soror quoque præfati ducis [Berthaldus dux Alemanniæ, filius Roudolfi regis] regina Ungarorum" died in the same month and year as her brother[359].  The name of her husband is not stated in any of the contemporary sources so far identified.  However, King László appears to be the most likely possibility: considering Adelheid's estimated birth date, her husband is unlikely to have been King Géza, whose death is recorded in 1077, and King Géza's son Kálmán did not succeeded until 1095, after the recorded date of Adelheid's death as "regina Ungarorum".  This supposition is confirmed by the charter dated 1201 under which Imre King of Hungary restored "prædio…Merena", donated by "regina Adulheyth, uxor…bonæ memoriæ regis Ladislai", to "ecclesiæ beati Michaëlis de Vesprimio"[360].  Her father was the candidate for the German throne supported by the Pope, this marriage being arranged by King László as part of his policy of seeking Papal support[361].  The necrology of Seeon records the death "V Non May" of "Adelheit regina Ungariorum"[362]m (1077) LÁSZLÓ I King of Hungary, son of BÉLA I King of Hungary & his wife [Ryksa] of Poland (in Poland [1046/50]-Nitra 20 Jun 1095, bur Somogyvár, transferred 1192 to Nagyvárad Cathedral). 

2.         BERTHOLD (-18 May 1090, bur St Blasius).  He was appointed BERTHOLD I Duke of Swabia in 1079 in succession to his father, in opposition to Heinrich IV King of Germany who appointed Friedrich von Staufen to the Swabian duchy.  The Chronicon of Bernold records that "Bertaldi ducis, filii regis Roudolfi" was besieged by supporters of King Heinrich in 1084[363].  The Annales Rosenveldenses records the death in 1090 of "Bertolfus dux filius Rudolfi"[364].  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death in "1090…Maio mense" of "Bertholdus dux Alemanniæ, filius Roudolfi regis"[365].  The necrology of Schaffhausen records the death "XV Kal Jun" of "Bertaldus dux Alemannia"[366]

3.         AGNES von Rheinfelden (-19 Dec 1111).  The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising records that "Berhtolfus de castro Zaringen" married "Radolfi filia" but does not name her[367].  The Annales of Berthold record the marriage in 1079 of "Berhtoldus marchio, ducis Berhtoldi filius, adolescens" and "Agnetem, Roudolfi regis filiam"[368].  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Agnes filia regis Rudolfi Arulacensis" wife of "Berchtoldus", specifying that she was buried with her husband at St Peter in 1111[369].  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "XIV Kal Jan" of "Agnes uxor ducis Berchtoldi et filia Ruodolfi regis de Arle"[370].  [Betrothed (1077, contract broken) to HERMANN Pfalzgraf von Lotharingen, son of [HEINRICH "Furiosus" Pfalzgraf von Lothringen [Ezzonen] & his wife Mathilde of Lotharingia] (-20 Sep 1085).  The Annales of Berthold name "Herimannus comes Palatinus, qui gener regis Roudolfi futurus erat" in 1077[371].  It is assumed that this passage indicates that Pfalzgraf Hermann was betrothed to one of the daughters of Rudolf von Rheinfelden, although no other reference to this fact has been found.  If this is correct, the daughter was presumably Agnes as Adelheid was already married in 1077.]  m ([1077/79]) BERTHOLD, son of BERTHOLD I [von Zähringen] Duke of Carinthia & his first wife Richwara of Swabia [Babenberg] ([1050]-12 Apr 1111, bur St Peter in Schwarzwald).  He was installed as BERTHOLD II Duke of Swabia in 1092 by Emperor Heinrich IV.  He renounced his claims to Swabia in favour of Friedrich I von Staufen, although he retained the title of Duke[372].  Herzog von Zähringen 1100. 

4.         BERTHA von Rheinfelden (-20 Jan after 1128, bur Mehrerau).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "comes Oudalricus…Brigantium", records his betrothal to "filiam Wernheri comitis de Habichisburc" but states that he "concubit latenter cum Berhta filia Ruodolfi regis"[373].  Gräfin von Kellmunz.  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Bertha relicta Oudalrici" and "filiorum suorum Roudolfi et Oudalrici" recording their donation after her husband died[374].  The necrology of Augiæ Maioris records the death "XIII Kal Feb" of "Bertha com"[375]m (before 1077) ULRICH [X] Graf von Bregenz, son of ULRICH [IX] Graf von Bregenz & his wife --- (-[28/29] Oct [1097], bur Mehrerau). 

5.         OTTO von Rheinfelden (-young, bur St Blasius).  "Filia eorum Adilheida regina que nupsit regi Ungariorum" and "progenitoribus Rodolfo…rege et Adelheida…regina matertera Heinrici quarti inperatoris" are named in a donation to Sankt-Blasien by charter dated [1079/10 Oct 1086] which also names "cuius filius [Rodolfo et Adelheida] Bertholfus…dux frater regine nostre…cum fratre suo Ottone"[376]

6.         BRUNO von Rheinfelden .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Monk at Hirsau.  Abbot of Ussenhofen am Scheyern. 

 

 

 

J.      GRAFEN von SOGREN

 

 

The county of Sogren (Soihières or Soybières in French) was located on the river Birse, near Bern.  It was also referred to in primary sources as Seedorf.  The county appears to have been short-lived as references are limited to the mid-12th century.  It was inherited by the Grafen von Thierstein. 

 

 

1.         --- .  m KUNIZA, daughter of --- (-after 1131).  "Udelardus comes…de Seedorf et uxor mea Adelheid" founded the monastery of Erlach, with the consent of "matre mea Chunza", by charter dated 1131[377].  One child: 

a)         UDELHARD (-after 1146).  Graf von Sogren.  "Udelardus comes…de Seedorf et uxor mea Adelheid" founded the monastery of Erlach, with the consent of "matre mea Chunza", by charter dated 1131[378]m ADELHEID, daughter of --- (-after 1170).  "Udelardus comes…de Seedorf et uxor mea Adelheid" [founded the monastery of Erlach, with the consent of "matre mea Chunza", by charter dated 1131[379].  "Comitissa Adeleidis uxor…comitis Odelardi" confirmed the donation by "prædictus vir eius comes Ovdelardus" to the abbey of Frienisberg, with the consent of "duæ filiæ sæpe dicti comitis Berhta et Agnesa…Radulfus comes prædictæ Berhtæ filius", by charter dated to [1170][380].  Udelhard & his wife had two children: 

i)          BERTA (-after [1180]).  "Comitissa Adeleidis uxor…comitis Odelardi" confirmed the donation by "prædictus vir eius comes Ovdelardus" to the abbey of Frienisberg, with the consent of "duæ filiæ sæpe dicti comitis Berhta et Agnesa…Radulfus comes prædictæ Berhtæ filius", by charter dated to [1170][381]m --- Graf von Thierstein, son of ---. 

ii)         AGNES .  "Comitissa Adeleidis uxor…comitis Odelardi" confirmed the donation by "prædictus vir eius comes Ovdelardus" to the abbey of Frienisberg, with the consent of "duæ filiæ sæpe dicti comitis Berhta et Agnesa…Radulfus comes prædictæ Berhtæ filius", by charter dated to [1170][382].  [m ([after 1170]) --- de Ferrette, son of --- & his wife ---.] 

 

 

 

K.      GRAFEN von THIERSTEIN

 

 

Thierstein was located near Frick, south-west of Rheinfelden in the present-day Swiss canton of Aargau. 

 

 

1.         RUDOLF [I] (-after 1 Jun 1048).  Graf [in Sisgau].  Emperor Heinrich III confirmed property of the bishopric of Basel, including property "in pago Sysgowe in villis Melin et Gurbulin in comitatu Rodolfi comitis", by charter dated 1 Jun 1048[383].  The editor of the compilation consulted suggested that he was Rudolf Graf von Rheinfelden. 

 

2.         RUDOLF [II] von Thierstein (-after 7 Mar 1114).  "Rudolfo de Dierstein nec non Burkardo comite de Nellenburg" are named as present in a charter dated 10 Nov 1082 for Kloster Muri[384].  Graf von Homberg: Burchard Bishop of Basel confirmed property of Kloster St. Alban, naming “advocatum super predictas curtes...Rodolfum de Honberc comitem”, by charter dated [24 Sep 1102/24 Sep 1103][385]Graf von Thierstein: Emperor Heinrich V confirmed properties of Zürich convent, at the request of “Frederici ducis, Bertholfi ducis...comitum Godefridi palatini comitis, Herimanni marchionis, Arnolfi de Linceburc, Rodulfi de Dirstein”, by charter dated 7 Mar 1114[386]m ITA von Habsburg, daughter of WERNER Graf [von Habsburg] & his wife Reginlint ---.  A Habsburg genealogy names "Ottonem et Itam de Tierstein" as the children of "Wernherum comitem", and names "Wernherum et Rudolfum de Habspurg" as children of "Ita de Tierstein sive Homberg"[387].  Rudolf [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         WERNER [I] von Thierstein (-after 13 Apr 1141).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Ottonem et Itam de Tierstein" as the children of "Wernherum comitem", and names "Wernherum et Rudolfum de Habspurg" as children of "Ita de Tierstein sive Homberg"[388].  "Comes Adelbero, Warnerius advocatus..." witnessed the charter dated 1 Apr 1120 which records an agreement between the bishop of Basel and the abbey of St. Blasius concerning “advocati[389]Graf von Thierstein und Homberg.  “...Werenherus comes de Hohenberc” witnessed the charter dated 28 Dec 1124 under which Emperor Heinrich V confirmed the foundation of Kloster Engelberg[390].  Lothar III King of Germany confirmed privileges of the convent of Zürich, at the request of “principum nostrorum...Werneri comitis de Dirstein”, by charter dated 6 Feb 1130[391].  Konrad III King of Germany confirmed the church of Basel’s renunciation of certain properties, in the presence of “...advocato Basiliensi Wernhero comiti...”, by charter dated 13 Apr 1141[392]m --- von Zollern, daughter of [FRIEDRICH [I] Graf von Zollern & his wife Udalhild [von Urach].  A 13th century genealogy refers to the two daughters of "Burchardus comes de Zolre" as "matrem palentini de Tuwig et alteram [uxorem] Werenherus comes"[393].  From a chronological point of view, it appears unlikely that the wife of Graf Werner was the daughter of Burchard.  It is more probable that she was his sister.  Werner & his wife had three children: 

i)          WERNER [II] von Thierstein (-after Jul 1185).  A 13th century genealogy names (in order) "Werenherum comitum et Itam" as children of "Werinhero comiti" & his wife "[filiam Burchardi comitis de Zolre]"[394]Graf von Thierstein und Homberg.  “...Wernherus et Fridericus comites de Honberch...” witnessed the charter dated 4 Mar 1173 under which Emperor Friedrich I confirmed donations to the church of Bern made by "comitis Ulrici...de Lenzburg"[395].  "...Wernherus comes de Hohenberc et frater suus comes Fridericus..." witnessed the charter dated Jul 1185 under which the bishop of Basel granted “medietatem curtis Brysach et medietatem montis Brysach” to Heinrich VI King of Germany[396]

ii)         FRIEDRICH von Thierstein (-after Jul 1185).  Graf von Homberg.  “...Wernherus et Fridericus comites de Honberch...” witnessed the charter dated 4 Mar 1173 under which Emperor Friedrich I confirmed donations to the church of Bern made by "comitis Ulrici...de Lenzburg"[397].  "...Wernherus comes de Hohenberc et frater suus comes Fridericus..." witnessed the charter dated Jul 1185 under which the bishop of Basel granted “medietatem curtis Brysach et medietatem montis Brysach” to Heinrich VI King of Germany[398]

iii)        ITA von Thierstein (-19 Aug [1200]).  A 13th century genealogy names (in order) "Werenherum comitum et Itam" as children of "Werinhero comiti" & his wife "[filiam Burchardi comitis de Zolre]", specifying that Ita married firstly "Dyetalmo de Tokkenburch" (whose son was "Dyetalmum") and secondly "Gotfrido de Mar"[399]m firstly DIETHELM [IV] von Toggenburg, son of --- (-after 1176).  m secondly GOTTFRIED Graf von Marstetten, son of ---. 

b)         RUDOLF [III] von Thierstein (-after 8 Jul 1144).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Ottonem et Itam de Tierstein" as the children of "Wernherum comitem", and names "Wernherum et Rudolfum de Habspurg" as children of "Ita de Tierstein sive Homberg"[400].  [Graf] von Homberg: “...Rodulfus de Hohenbergh...” witnessed the charter dated 8 Jul 1144 under which Konrad III King of Germany settled a dispute between Kloster Einsiedeln and "Uthelricum de Lenzenburg"[401]

c)         [MECHTILD .  Neugart says that Schmidlin conjectured that “Mathildis soror Wernheri comitis de Frikkin” married “uni ex nobilibus Helvetiis de Spizenberg[402].  As this information appears not to be based on verified primary source data, it should be viewed with caution until more information comes to light.  m --- von Spitzenberg, son of ---.] 

 

 

1.         WERNER [III] von Thierstein (-after 25 Dec 1220).  The primary source which confirms the parentage of Werner [III] has not been identified.  From a chronological point of view, he could have been the son of either Werner [II] or Friedrich who are named above.  Graf von Homberg: "…Comes Wernherus de Hoemburg…" witnessed the charter dated 26 Sep 1212 under which Friedrich II King of Germany confirmed Schwarzenberg and other castles to Ottakar King of Bohemia[403].  Heinrich Bishop of Basel confirmed the settlement of a dispute between Kloster St. Alban and “Wernherum comitem de Honberc” by charter dated [25 Dec 1220/21 Nov 1221][404]

 

 

1.         --- von Thierstein (-before [1180]).  No primary source has been identified which confirms the name and parentage of the husband of Bertha von Sogren.  The chronology suggests that he could have been the same person as Graf Werner [II] or his brother Friedrich, or a son of Rudolf [III].  Graf von Thiersteinm BERTHA von Sogren, daughter of UDALHARD Graf von Sogren & his wife Adelheid --- (-after [1180]).  “Comitissa Adelaidis uxor...comitis Udelhardi” confirmed the foundation of Frienisperg monastery, with the support of “duæ filiæ sepedicti comitis Bertha et Agnesa...Radulphus comes prædictæ Berthæ filius”, by charter dated to [1180][405].  [Four] children: 

a)         RUDOLF [IV] von Thierstein (-murdered after [1230]).  Graf von Thierstein.  “Comitissa Adelaidis uxor...comitis Udelhardi” confirmed the foundation of Frienisperg monastery, with the support of “duæ filiæ sepedicti comitis Bertha et Agnesa...Radulphus comes prædictæ Berthæ filius”, by charter dated to [1180][406].  "Rudolfus et filius meus Adelbertus…comites de Habespurch" confirmed donations to Kloster Kreuzlingen by charter dated 1198, witnessed by "Rudolfus comes de Tierstein…"[407].  “Rudolff graff von Thierstein” donated “den zehenden inn dem berg...Mettenberg”, with the approval of “unsers bruders Simons und unsers suns Ulrichs”, by charter dated 8 Aug 1208[408].  "Comes Ruodolfus de Thierstein" donated property to the abbey of Frienisberg, with the consent of "filius eius Rudolfus…uxore eius Keppa, cum filiis et filiabus eorum,…uxore filii Sophia", by charter dated 1208[409].  A charter dated 1212 records the settlement of a dispute between “Ruodolfo comite de Thierstein et Rudolfo filio suo” and the abbot of Beinweil regarding their respective rights, arbitrated by "domini B. ducis Zeringerie"[410].  Graf von Sogren: a charter dated to [1212] records that "R. comes de Sogron", leaving on Crusade, confirmed donations to the abbey of Lucelle donated property to the abbey of Frienisberg[411].  "R. comitem de Thiresten" reached agreement with the abbey of Frienisberg relating to certain property by charter dated to [1230], witnessed by "…R. comes Novi castri…"[412].  Quiquerez publishes a French translation of a deathbed confession of “Ulric comte de Ferrette” dated 31 Jan 1285 which states that “le meurtrier de notre père Frédéric n´est point notre frère Louis que nous avons accusé injustement et exclu de sa succession...mais nous Ulric” requesting absolution for this killing and that of “Rodolphe comte de Sogren[413]m KEPA, daughter of ---.  "Comes Ruodolfus de Thierstein" donated property to the abbey of Frienisberg, with the consent of "filius eius Rudolfus…uxore eius Keppa, cum filiis et filiabus eorum,…uxore filii Sophia", by charter dated 1208[414].  Rudolf [IV] & his wife had children: 

i)          ULRICH von Thierstein (-after 8 Aug 1208).  “Rudolff graff von Thierstein” donated “den zehenden inn dem berg...Mettenberg”, with the approval of “unsers bruders Simons und unsers suns Ulrichs”, by charter dated 8 Aug 1208[415]

ii)         RUDOLF [V] von Thierstein (-after 24 Aug 1262).  "Comes Ruodolfus de Thierstein" donated property to the abbey of Frienisberg, with the consent of "filius eius Rudolfus…uxore eius Keppa, cum filiis et filiabus eorum,…uxore filii Sophia", by charter dated 1208[416]Graf von Thierstein

-         see below

b)         SIMON von Thierstein (-after 8 Aug 1208).  “Rudolff graff von Thierstein” donated “den zehenden inn dem berg...Mettenberg”, with the approval of “unsers bruders Simons und unsers suns Ulrichs”, by charter dated 8 Aug 1208[417]

c)         WERNER von Thierstein (-after 11 May 1238).  “Rudolfus comes de Tierstein” confirmed property to “nobilis vir Wernerus de Tierstein Basiliensis ecclesire canonicus patruus noster” by charter dated 11 May 1238[418]

d)         [--- von Thierstein .  The existence of this person is entirely speculative.  Quiquerez suggests that a marriage between one of the heiresses of the Sogren family and a member of the Ferrette family best explains how the latter acquired possession of “[le] château de Sogren, de l´avouerie du Sornegau...[et] de celle de Grandval[419].  He suggests that this co-heiress was Agnes von Sogren, sister of Berta von Sogren who was the mother of Rudolf [IV] Graf von Thierstein.  However, as explained in more detail in the document ALSACE, a possible sister of Graf Rudolf [IV] is just as likely a candidate, assuming that the marriage took place at all (there is no direct proof that it did).  m ([after 1170]) --- de Ferrette, son of --- & his wife ---.] 

 

 

RUDOLF [V] von Thierstein, son of RUDOLF [IV] Graf von Thierstein & his wife Kepa --- (-after 24 Aug 1262).  "Comes Ruodolfus de Thierstein" donated property to the abbey of Frienisberg, with the consent of "filius eius Rudolfus…uxore eius Keppa, cum filiis et filiabus eorum,…uxore filii Sophia", by charter dated 1208[420].  A charter dated 1212 records the settlement of a dispute between “Ruodolfo comite de Thierstein et Rudolfo filio suo” and the abbot of Beinweil regarding their respective rights, arbitrated by "domini B. ducis Zeringerie"[421]Graf von Thierstein.  “Rudolfus comes de Tierstein” confirmed property to “nobilis vir Wernerus de Tierstein Basiliensis ecclesire canonicus patruus noster” by charter dated 11 May 1238[422]

m SOPHIE, daughter of ---.  "Comes Ruodolfus de Thierstein" donated property to the abbey of Frienisberg, with the consent of "filius eius Rudolfus…uxore eius Keppa, cum filiis et filiabus eorum,…uxore filii Sophia", by charter dated 1208[423]

Rudolf [V] & his wife had three children: 

1.         RUDOLF [VI] von Thierstein (-27 Aug 1318, bur Basel Cathedral).  Graf von Thierstein.  “Rudolf graff von Tierstein herr zu Sedorff...Beatrix greffin unser Eefrovwen” sold property to Kloster Frienisberg, with the consent of “Symons und Heinrichs unser brüdern”, by charter dated 27 Oct 1267[424].  The necrology of Basel records the death "VI Kal Sep" in 1318 of "Rud de Tyerstein comes palatinus" and his burial "in ecclesia Basiliensi iuxta altare, quod fundavit dominus Rud. de Tyerstein canonicus Argentinensis filius filii predicti palatini"[425]m BEATRIX, daughter of ---.  “Rudolf graff von Tierstein herr zu Sedorff...Beatrix greffin unser Eefrovwen” sold property to Kloster Frienisberg, with the consent of “Symons und Heinrichs unser brüdern”, by charter dated 27 Oct 1267[426]

-        GRAFEN von THIERSTEIN[427]

2.         SIGMUND von Thierstein (-4 May 1326, bur Basel Cathedral).  “Rudolf graff von Tierstein herr zu Sedorff...Beatrix greffin unser Eefrovwen” sold property to Kloster Frienisberg, with the consent of “Symons und Heinrichs unser brüdern”, by charter dated 27 Oct 1267[428]Graf von Thierstein.  The necrology of Basel records the death "IV Non Mai" in 1326 of "Symon comes miles dominus de Tyerstein" and his burial "in capella prope vetus campanile"[429]

-        GRAFEN von THIERSTEIN[430]

3.         HEINRICH von Thierstein .  “Rudolf graff von Tierstein herr zu Sedorff...Beatrix greffin unser Eefrovwen” sold property to Kloster Frienisberg, with the consent of “Symons und Heinrichs unser brüdern”, by charter dated 27 Oct 1267[431]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    GRAFEN im ZÜRICHGAU

 

 

 

A.      GRAFEN im ZÜRICHGAU

 

 

Zürichgau, with the town of Zürich in its northern part, lay east of Aargau. 

 

 

1.         GEROLD [IV] (-after 852).  His name suggest that Gerold [IV] was closely related to the family of Graf Gerold [I] & his wife Imma (see Chapter 3.A). A charter dated 8 Feb 838 recording a donation to St Gallen is dated to "sub Keroldo comite"[432].  "Engilperti atque Cundperti diaconi ac nepotis sui" donated property "in pago Rotagewe in villa…Skefouua" to "Monasterium Maninseo" by charter dated 852 witnessed by "Kerolt comes, Kerolt filius eius"[433]

 

2.         GEROLD [V] (-after 21 Mar 890).  Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks donated property to Kloster St Gallen which had been taken by "Geroldus comes et potestati Zurigaugensis comitatus", by charter dated 26 Feb 875[434].  A charter of Emperor Karl III dated 17 Nov 887 relating to the restoration of Kloster Reichenau names "comes…Keroldus…cum coniuge nostra Hilthigarda"[435], it being assumed that the latter is an error for "coniuge sua".  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in pago pago Quinzingouue in comitatu Hunolfi" to Kloster St Emmeran by charter dated 21 Mar 890 which names "Engildeo comes, Odalrich comes, Meginhart comes, Chunipercht comes, Kerolt comes, Rumolt comes, Geio comes"[436]m HILTIGARDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

 

 

1.         EBERHARD [I] (-after 27 Jun 889).  Graf im Zürichgau.  The dating clause of a charter dated 27 Jun 889, under which “Perehtelo...” donated property to abbey, notes “sub dominatione Eberharti comitis et advocati sui Adalberti[437]same person as...? ---.  m GISELA, daughter of --- (-after 911).  The Annales Alamannicorum record that "Gisle…socrui Purchardi iunioris" donated all her property to St Peter's in 911[438].  One child: 

a)         REGINLIND ([885/90]-Insel Ufenau 958 after 29 Apr).  Reginlind's mother´s identity is confirmed by the reference noted above, but direct proof that Graf Eberhard [I] was her father has not yet been found.  Regino records that "viduam Burchardi" married "Herimanno"[439].  The Liber Anniversariorum of Einsiedeln records in Aug the donation of "Stevegeia, Kaltbrunnen et Lindowa" by "domina Regelinda cum filio suo Burcardo duce"[440].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Zuriggaui in comitatu Liudonis commitis" to "Erig" at the request of "Regilinde…comitisse" by charter dated 10 Mar 952[441].  "Otto…rex" donated property "in pago Engrisgouue in comitatu Uualtbrahtti in loco…Uuidhergis" to "matrone fidelique nostre Reginlind" at the request of "Burghardi ducis" by charter dated 29 Apr 958[442]m firstly (before 911) BURKHARD [II], son of BURKHARD [I] Marchio in Rätien [Duke of Swabia] & his wife --- (-murdered Novara 28/29 Apr 926).  He was installed as BURKHARD II Duke of Swabia in 917.  m secondly HERMANN I Duke of Swabia, son of GEBHARD Graf im oberen Rheingau [Konradiner] & his wife Hidda --- (-10 Dec 949, bur Reichenau Island). 

 

2.         ADALGOZ (-after 899).  Graf im Zürichgau: the dating clause of a charter dated 7 May 893, under which “missi domini regis...Arnolfi...Hildibaldi” settled a dispute between Zürich abbey and “Ratine et Rihhilda”, specifies “sub comite Adalgoz[443].  “Reginlind” donated property to St Gallen by charter dated 899 which names “Adalcozzum comitem[444]

 

3.         LIUTO (-after 16 May 960).  The dating clause of a charter dated 26 Apr 925, which records an exchange of property between Zürich abbey and and St. Gallen, notes “sub duce Burchardo et comite Liutone...cum licentia Kerhardi advocati[445].  The dating clause of a charter dated 28 Apr 946, which records the transfer of revenue to Zürich St. Peter’s church, notes “sub duce Herimanno et comite Liutone[446].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Zuriggaui in comitatu Liudonis commitis" to "Erig" at the request of "Regilinde…comitisse" by charter dated 10 Mar 952[447].  "Otto…rex" granted the church at Pfeffikon "in ducatu Alemaniæ in pago Zurichgeuua in comitatu Luitonis comitis…et in provincia Rhætiæ Curiensis in comitatu Adalberti comitis in villa Amadeo" to the monks of Disentis by charter dated 16 May 960[448]

 

4.         EBERHARD [III] .  Graf im Thurgau 957/971.  m --- .  The name of Eberhard's wife is not known.  Graf Eberhard [III] & his wife had one child:

a)         LIUTGARD .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  The Liber Vitæ of Einsiedeln records the donation made in Jan by “comes Lantoldus et Lutgardis uxor eius[449]m LANDOLT [Lancelin] Graf von Altenburg, son of GUNTRAM "der Reiche" Graf im Breisgau & his wife --- (-991). 

 

5.         BURCHARD [I] (-after 12 Apr 965).  Vogt of Zürich castle: “Purchardus Turegiensis castri advocatus” reached agreement with the inhabitants of Uri over “decimacionem” by charter dated 22 Nov 955[450].  Graf im Zürichgau 963/965.  “Burchardus comes...” witnessed a charter dated to [964/68] relating to a dispute involving “canonicorum...sanctis...Felici et Regule[451].  "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property "in pago Thureguoe in comitatu Burchardi comitis" to "Kloster Disentis in pago Curiorum in comitatu Adelberti comitis" by charter dated 12 Apr 965[452]

 

6.         GOTTFRIED [I] (-after 28 Jun 968).  Graf im Gau Schwerza: "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "in pago Bibligouue in comitatu Anshelmi in villa Chupinga" to the bishopric of Chur in exchange for property "predii…Adalberto filio Liutuuardi…in pago Suerzza in comitatu Gotefridi in villa Alemuntinga" by charter dated 22 Apr 966[453].  Graf [im Zürichgau]: a charter dated 10 Feb and 28 Jun 968 records the hearing of a dispute before “concilio Cotifridi comitis” in Zürich involving the convent of Zürich against “Coldbrigam[454]

 

 

 

B.      GRAFEN von NELLENBURG

 

 

1.         EBERHARDGraf von Nellenburgm ---.  Eberhard & his wife had two children: 

a)         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

i)          MANEGOLD .  The Liber Vitæ of Einsiedeln records the donation made in May by “Manegoldus qui advocatus noster...Hœnka[455].  A list of donations to Einsiedeln records the donation of “Hœnka” made by “Manegoldus comes” and the donation of “Schlatte” made by “comes Gotfridus de Nellenburg, patruus prædicti comitis Manegoldi, Eberhardi comitis de Nellemburg filius[456]

b)         GOTTFRIEDGraf von Nellenburg.  A list of donations to Einsiedeln records the donation of “Hœnka” made by “Manegoldus comes” and the donation of “Schlatte” made by “comes Gotfridus de Nellenburg, patruus prædicti comitis Manegoldi, Eberhardi comitis de Nellemburg filius[457]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         MANEGOLD (-1 May 991, bur Quedlinburg Cathedral).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Manegold was the possible son of Burkhard [I] Graf im Zürichgau[458].  "Otto…rex" gave property "in loco Badon…in pago Ufgouue…comitatu Cuonradi comitis" to "Managoldo comiti" by charter dated 27 Aug 987[459]m ---.  The name of Manegold's wife is not known.  Graf Manegold & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [son .  patruus of Graf Eberhard [IV][460]m ---.  The name of ---'s wife is not known.  --- & his wife had one child:] 

i)          [LIUTGARD] .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m BEZZELIN von Villingen Graf in der Ortenau, son of LANDOLT & his wife Bertha --- (-15 Jul [1024]). 

b)         [EBERHARD [IV] (-[1030/34]).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Manegold was the possible father of Graf Eberhard [IV], Vogt of Kloster Einsiedeln and ancestor of the Grafen von Nellenburg[461].  This is certainly indicated by the charter dated 11 Mar 992 under which "Otto…rex" donated property "Saramaresheim in pago Alsaciæ ac comitatu Eberhardi comitis " to Kloster Selz after the death of "Manegoldo comiti", Manegold having started the process before he died[462].] 

-        see below

2.         GOTTFRIED (-995).  Brother of Graf Manegold[463].  Monk at Einsiedeln. 

 

 

EBERHARD [IV], son of [MANEGOLD Graf im Zürichgau & his wife ---] (-[1030/34]).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Manegold was the possible father of Graf Eberhard [IV], Vogt of Kloster Einsiedeln and ancestor of the Grafen von Nellenburg[464].  This is certainly indicated by the charter dated 11 Mar 992 under which "Otto…rex" donated property "Saramaresheim in pago Alsaciæ ac comitatu Eberhardi comitis " to Kloster Selz after the death of "Manegoldo comiti", Manegold having started the process before he died[465]

m (1009) HEDWIG, daughter of ---.  The Annales Scafhusenses record the marriage in 1009 of "Ebbo comes de Nellenburc" and "consobrinam Heinrici regis Hedewigam…de curie regis"[466].  If "consobrinam" is here used in its precise sense, Hedwig would have been the daughter of one of the sisters of Gisela, daughter of Conrad I King of Upper Burgundy.  According to the early 12th century Vita Eberhardi[467], the mother of Eberhard Graf von Nellenburg (son of Eberhard [IV] Graf im Zürichgau) was --- of Hungary, daughter of István I King of Hungary, although it is somewhat surprising that such a prominent figure as King István, in far off Hungary, would have married his daughter to someone who appears to have been an obscure Swiss count.  If Hedwig was the daughter of King István, there is a remote possibility that she was the same daughter who supposedly married Edmund ætheling, although if this is correct she would have been much older than her second husband.  She founded Kloster Pfaffenschwabenheim as a widow[468].] 

Graf Eberhard [IV] & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         BURKHARD [II] (-killed in battle Civitate 18 Jun 1053, bur Reichenau).  "Eberhardus comes filius Eberhardi quondam comitis" donated property to Reichenau, for the souls of "patris mei Eberhardi et fratrum meorum Purghardi et Manegoldi" by charter dated 1056[469]

2.         MANEGOLD (-killed in battle Falkenstein, Schwarzwald 17 Aug 1030, bur Reichenau).  The Annales Sangallenses name "Manegolt comes" in 1030[470].  "Eberhardus comes filius Eberhardi quondam comitis" donated property to Reichenau, for the souls of "patris mei Eberhardi et fratrum meorum Purghardi et Manegoldi" by charter dated 1056[471]

3.         EBERHARD (-26 Mar [1076/79]).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Eberhard was the son of Graf Eberhard [IV], built the castle of Nellenburg before 1050 and was ancestor of the Grafen von Nellenburg[472].  Graf im Zürichgau.  "Eberhardus comes Turegie provincie" exchanged property with "Bertholdo Carinthiorum duce" by charter dated early Mar 1050, witnessed by "…Burchardus et Eberhardus et Adelbertus, filii Eberhardi comitis…"[473].  This charter is presumably misdated as Berthold did not become Duke of Carinthia until 1061, and his son Marchese in 1072.  The Annales Scafhusenses record that "Eberhardus comes de Nellinburc" founded "Scafhusensem locum" in 1052[474].  "Eberhardus comes filius Eberhardi quondam comitis" donated property to Reichenau, for the souls of "patris mei Eberhardi et fratrum meorum Purghardi et Manegoldi" by charter dated 1056[475].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "in villa Kiricheim in pago Nechargovve in comitatu Eberhardi comitis" to "prefatus Eberhardus comes" by charter dated 22 Nov 1059[476].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "duas villas Hochfeld et Suueichusen cum foresto Heiligenforst in comitatu Gerhardi comitis in pago Nortcowe" to "Eberhardo comiti" by charter dated 22 May 1065[477].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "in pagis Cletgowe et Hegowe in comitatibus Gerungi et Lodawici comitis" to "comiti Eberhardo" by charter dated 1067[478]m ITA, daughter of --- (-26 Feb or 2 May after 1105).  The Historia Trevirensis names “ex Alamannorum prosapia oriundus patre Eberhardo comite, matre Ida” as parents of “Udo” Archibishop of Trier, adding that they founded “monasterii…Scafuse[479].  She became a nuun at St Agnes, Schaffhausen as shown by the charter dated 1 Mar 1080 under which her son "Comes Burchardus de castello Nellenburk" confirmed donations to "monasterium sancti Salvatoris in pago Cletgouve in villa Schafhusa super litus Reni" founded by "progenitoribus meis…Eberhardo, ex religioso comite in eodem monasterio monacho…facto, et Ita…monachicam…in cella sancte Agne in eadem villa"[480].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VI Non Mai" of "Ita com de Nellinburc"[481].  Graf Eberhard & his wife had [seven] children: 

a)         UDO (-killed in battle Tübingen 11 Nov 1078, bur Trier St Peter)Archbishop of Trier 1066.  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Udo Suevus nobilis" succeeded as archbishop of Trier after the death of "Cuononem"[482].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records that "Uodo…ex Alamannorum prosapia oriundus" was elected at Trier in succession to Kuno, son of "patre Everhardo comite, matre Ita" who founded "cœnobii…Scafuse"[483].  The Historia Trevirensis names “ex Alamannorum prosapia oriundus patre Eberhardo comite, matre Ida” as parents of “Udo” Archibishop of Trier, adding that they founded “monasterii…Scafuse[484].  The Gesta Treverorum records the death 13 Nov 1078 and burial in "monasterio St Petri" of "domnus Cuono [error for Udo]…ex Alamannorum prosapia oriundus…patre Everhardo comite, matre Ita"[485]

b)         EKKEHARD (-24 Nov 1088).  Abbot of Reichenau 1073.  Anti-bishop of Augsburg 1088. 

c)         BURKHARD [III] (-21 Jan [1106]).  "Eberhardus comes Turegie provincie" exchanged property with "Bertholdo Carinthiorum duce" by charter dated early Mar 1050, witnessed by "…Burchardus et Eberhardus et Adelbertus, filii Eberhardi comitis…"[486].  This charter is presumably misdated as Berthold did not become Duke of Carinthia until 1061, and his son Marchese in 1072.  Graf von Nellenburg.  “Rodulfus Suevorum dux” [Rudolf von Rheinfelden] decided the boundaries between Uri and Glarus as properties of the abbeys of Zürich and Säckingen, in the presence of “Purchardum comitem de Nellenburch, Chononem comitem de Wulvelingen, Arndoldum comitem de Lenzeburch...tunc utriusque monasterii advocatus”, by charter dated 6 May 1003 (misdated, presumably dated to [1060/70])[487].  "Comes Burchardus de castello Nellenburk" confirmed donations to "monasterium sancti Salvatoris in pago Cletgouve in villa Schafhusa super litus Reni" founded by "progenitoribus meis…Eberhardo, ex religioso comite in eodem monasterio monacho…facto, et Ita…monachicam…in cella sancte Agne in eadem villa", by charter dated 1 Mar 1080[488].  Vogt von Allerheiligen 1080.  "Comes Burchardus de Nellenburk, monasterii sancti Salvatoris advocatus" exchanged property with "Totoni de villa…Wagenhusa" by charter dated 1083[489].  A charter dated "1086 Kal Apr" quoted in the Fundatio Monasterii S Georgii in Nigra Silva names "comes Burchart de Nellenburg"[490].  Vogt von Beuron 1092.  "Burchardus comes cum Adelberto comite advocato predicti monasterii et Theoderico fratre illius" confirmed possessions of Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated to [1100/05], confirmed by "Burchardo comiti cum nepotibus suis…"[491].  "Burchardus comes de Nellenburc" donated property "in villa..:Scafhusa predium…Hemmendal cum silva Randa" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 27 Feb 1100, witnessed by "Berhtolfi ducis de Zaringen, Herimanni marchionis de Linthburch, Theodorici comitis de Nellenburch, Ludwici comitis de Stoffeln, Berhtolfi comitis de Marstetin…"[492]m HADEWICH, daughter of --- (-26 Feb after 1105).  "Burchardus comes et uxor eius Hadewich" donated "curtim…Hemmental cum silva…Rando" to Schaffhausen St Salvator, undated[493]

d)         EBERHARD (-killed in battle Homburg, Unstrut 6 Jun 1075).  "Eberhardus comes Turegie provincie" exchanged property with "Bertholdo Carinthiorum duce" by charter dated early Mar 1050, witnessed by "…Burchardus et Eberhardus et Adelbertus, filii Eberhardi comitis…"[494].  This charter is presumably misdated as Berthold did not become Duke of Carinthia until 1061, and his son Marchese in 1072.  The Annales Sancti Blasii record the battle in 1075 in which "Ernist marchio et Heinricus et Eberhardus de Nellenburc" were killed[495]

e)         HEINRICH (-killed in battle Homburg, Unstrut 6 Jun 1075).  The Annales Wormatienses name "domni Eberhardi de Eberstein et domni E. filii sui, comitis de Sein et domni Ottonis de Eberstein" in 1249[496]

f)          ADALBERT .  "Eberhardus comes Turegie provincie" exchanged property with "Bertholdo Carinthiorum duce" by charter dated early Mar 1050, witnessed by "…Burchardus et Eberhardus et Adelbertus, filii Eberhardi comitis…"[497].  This charter is presumably misdated as Berthold did not become Duke of Carinthia until 1061, and his son Marchese in 1072. 

g)         [--- .]  m ---.  Two children: 

i)          DIETRICH (-1108 or after).  "Burchardus comes cum Adelberto comite advocato predicti monasterii et Theoderico fratre illius" confirmed possessions of Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated to [1100/05], confirmed by "Burchardo comiti cum nepotibus suis…"[498]Graf von Nellenburg

-         GRAFEN von NELLENBURG

ii)         ADALBERT (-before 30 Aug 1125).  "Burchardus comes cum Adelberto comite advocato predicti monasterii et Theoderico fratre illius" confirmed possessions of Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated to [1100/05], confirmed by "Burchardo comiti cum nepotibus suis…"[499]Graf von Mörsberg [1105]. 

-         GRAFEN von MÖRSBERG

Graf Eberhard had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

h)         BERNHARD von Rissdorf .  1102/1116.  m HILTGARD, daughter of ---. 

4.         [IRMGARD .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[500], the wife of Werner [I] was sister of "Graf Eppo a. d. H. der Gf von Nellenburg", although the primary source on which this is based has not been identified.  The Graf Eppo [Eberhard] to which this refers has not been identified, although from a chronological point of view it is likely that Irmgard was the daughter of Graf Eberhard [IV] if she was a member of this family.  m WERNER [I] Vogt von Kaufungen, son of [ADALBERT & his wife ---] (-killed in battle 23 Aug 1040).] 

 

 

 

C.      HERREN von REGENSBERG

 

 

The fortification of Regensberg was located about 20 kilometres north-west of Zürich, located in the present-day in the district of Dielsdorf in the Swiss canton of Zürich. 

 

 

1.         LÜTOLD [I] von Regensberg .  The Acta Fundationis of Kloster Muri names "Lütolfum patrem Lütolfi de Regensperg et Ottonis" as "advocatum secundum", dated to the late 11th century[501]m ---.  The name of Lütold’s wife is not known.  Lütold [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         LÜTOLD [II] von Regensberg (-after 22 Jan 1130).  “Liutolfus laicus de Reginsberch et eius...coniunx Judintha cum filio eorum Liutolfo” donated property “Vare” to Kloster Einsiedeln by charter dated 22 Jan 1130, witnessed by “...Otto de Regensberg...[502]m JUDENTA, daughter of --- (-after 22 Jan 1130).  “Liutolfus laicus de Reginsberch et eius...coniunx Judintha cum filio eorum Liutolfo” donated property “Vare” to Kloster Einsiedeln by charter dated 22 Jan 1130[503].  Lütold [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          LÜTOLD [III] von Regensberg (-after 12 Jan 1152).  “Liutolfus laicus de Reginsberch et eius...coniunx Judintha cum filio eorum Liutolfo” donated property “Vare” to Kloster Einsiedeln by charter dated 22 Jan 1130[504].  "...Lutolfus de Regensberch..." witnessed the charter dated 12 Jan 1152 under which Konrad III King of Germany confirmed Kloster Ochsenhausen to Kloster St. Blasius[505]

b)         OTTO von Regensberg (-after 1135).  "...Otto de Reginesberch..." witnessed the charter dated 30 Sep 1113 which confirms the dedication of Kloster St. Peter im Schwarzwald and donated property "in pago...Goudelingen"[506].  “Liutolfus laicus de Reginsberch et eius...coniunx Judintha cum filio eorum Liutolfo” donated property “Vare” to Kloster Einsiedeln by charter dated 22 Jan 1130, witnessed by “...Otto de Regensberg...[507].  “Domina B. de Rinhart” donated property to Kloster Allerheiligen Schaffhausen by charter dated 1135, witnessed by “...Otto de Reginsberc...[508]

 

 

1.         --- von Regensberg .  Nabholz assumed that this person was Lütold [III] who is named above[509].  However, so little definite information is known about the chronology of the early members of the Regensberg family that it is unwise to assert that this is the only possible case.  m as her first husband, ---.  She married secondly ---.  Her two marriages are confirmed by the charter dated 6 May 1219 under which [her son, by her second marriage] “Eberhardus...Salzepurgensis archiepiscopus” confirmed the donation of property in “Rinte” to “fratribus Premonstratensis” made by [her son by her first marriage] “dominus Liutoldus de Regensberch frater noster couterinus” by charter dated 6 May 1219[510].  Nabholz suggested that Eberhard Archbishop of Salzburg was the full brother of Lütold [IV], indicating that a source which specifies that he was “von Truchsess” (and therefore a member of the Waldburg family) has been misinterpreted[511].  If his suggestion is correct, the necessity for including “couterinus” in the document is unclear.  Examples have been observed of sources in which full brothers have described themselves as “uterine” brothers, but they are unusual.  It is more frequent that the term indicates birth from the same mother by different fathers.  The accuracy of the “Truchsess” source is a separate question, Nabholz raising reasonable doubts about the family origin of the archbishop’s supposed father.  One child: 

a)         LÜTOLD [IV] von Regensberg (-[Palestine] [13 Jan 1217/6 May 1219]).  “Comes Liutoldus de Reginsberc et filius suus eiusdem nominis” confirmed an earlier donation to Zürich St. Maria, but now divided the benefit with another religious institution, by charter dated 16 Apr 1209[512].  A charter dated 13 Jan 1217 confirms that “dominus Liutoldus de Reginsberch et filius suus eiusdem nominis” donated “predium in Rinte” to “Premonstratensium ordinem” to found a monastery[513].  The location and timing of the death of Lütold [IV] are indicated by the charter dated 6 May 1219 under which [his half-brother] “Eberhardus...Salzepurgensis archiepiscopus” confirmed the donation of property in “Rinte” to “fratribus Premonstratensis” made by “dominus Liutoldus de Regensberch frater noster couterinus”, noting that the latter had died “in transmarinis partibus” and was succeeded by “Liutoldus de Regensberch filius eius[514]m ---.  The primary source which confirms the identity of Lütold’s wife beyond doubt has not been identified.  It is possible that she was --- von Kirburg, daughter of Hartmann [III] Graf von Dillingen & his wife Richenza von Lenzburg.  An indication of a relationship between the Dillingen/Kiburg and Regensberg families is provided by the charter dated [24 Sep/31 Dec] 1253 under which “H[artmannus] comes senior de Kiburc” [identified as Hartmann [III] Graf von Kiburg] granted property “in Tunreton et in Altorf” to “nepotem meum L. beate memorie seniorem de Regensperc et filios suos” [identified as Lutold [V] von Regensberg][515].  From a chronological point of view, it appears impossible for Lutold [V] to have been the nephew of Hartmann [III].  It is likely therefore that the connection was through an earlier generation and that “nepotem” in this document should be interpreted in an extended sense.  Nabholz indicates that “G. v. Wyss” (no precise citation reference) suggested that the wife of Lutold [IV] was “eine Vatersschwester Hartmanns des Aeltern[516].  This appears to be only one of many possible family relationships so the suggestion cannot be taken as certain.  Lütold [IV] & his wife had one child: 

i)          LÜTOLD [V] von Regensberg (-[27 Oct 1246/4 Jan 1250]).  “Comes Liutoldus de Reginsberc et filius suus eiusdem nominis” confirmed an earlier donation to Zürich St. Maria, but now divided the benefit with another religious institution, by charter dated 16 Apr 1209[517]

-         see below

 

 

LÜTOLD [V] von Regensberg, son of LÜTOLD [IV] von Regensberg & his wife --- (-[27 Oct 1246/4 Jan 1250]).  “Comes Liutoldus de Reginsberc et filius suus eiusdem nominis” confirmed an earlier donation to Zürich St. Maria, but now divided the benefit with another religious institution, by charter dated 16 Apr 1209[518].  A charter dated 13 Jan 1217 confirms that “dominus Liutoldus de Reginsberch et filius suus eiusdem nominis” donated “predium in Rinte” to “Premonstratensium ordinem” to found a monastery[519].  “Liutoldus de Reginsberc” confirmed the donation of “predium in Rinte” to “fratribus Premonstratensis”, made by “pater meus Liutoldus”, by charter dated 6 May 1219[520].  “Liutoldus de Reginsperk” donated “predium meum in Segrebre” to Kloster Ruti, with the consent of “uxoris mee Berhte ac liberorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 1219 (presumably after 6 May)[521].  “Harthmannus comes senior de Chibuch” [Hartmann [III] Graf von Kiburg] confirmed that “viri nobiles Lutoldus senior de Reginsperch et Lutoldus miles filius eius” had sold property to Kloster Kreuzlingen, with the consent of “Bertha uxore senioris...filii senioris et fratres iunioris tres...Lutoldus, Eberhardus, Ulricus”, by charter dated 15 Feb 1244[522].  “Lutoldus senior de Reginsberg...et uxor mea Berchta” sold “domum nostram in Turego...in Littore” to “monasterio Turicensi...domine Judente...abbatisse”, with the consent of “Ul. filio nostro...etiam filio nostro Lutoldo”, by charter dated 27 Oct 1246[523].  He died before 4 Jan 1250, the date of a charter in which his two sons are named as “domin[i]” (see below).  “H[artmannus] comes senior de Kiburc” granted property “in Tunreton et in Altorf” to “nepotem meum L. beate memorie seniorem de Regensperc et filios suos” [identified as Lutold [V] von Regensberg] by charter dated to [24 Sep/31 Dec] 1253[524]

m BERTHE de Neuchâtel, daughter of ULRIC [IV] Comte de Neuchâtel & his first wife Gertrud --- (-after 27 Oct 1246).  The Chronicle of Matthias Nuewenburgensis records that "Ulricus comitis Novicastri" had "multas filias" who married "dominis de Toggenburg, de Falkenstein, de Rötellein, de Regensberg, de Grandisono"[525].  “Liutoldus de Reginsperk” donated “predium meum in Segrebre” to Kloster Ruti, with the consent of “uxoris mee Berhte ac liberorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 1219 (presumably after 6 May)[526].  Her having children at the date of this charter suggests that Berthe was born from his father’s first marriage.  This is also suggested by the introduction of the name Gertrud into the Reginsberg family after her marriage.  “Lutoldus senior de Reginsberg...et uxor mea Berchta” sold “domum nostram in Turego...in Littore” to “monasterio Turicensi...domine Judente...abbatisse”, with the consent of “Ul. filio nostro...etiam filio nostro Lutoldo”, by charter dated 27 Oct 1246[527]

Lütold [V] & his wife had five children: 

1.         LÜTOLD [VI] von Regensberg ([before 1215]-[1284/86]).  “Liutoldus de Reginsperk” donated “predium meum in Segrebre” to Kloster Ruti, with the consent of “uxoris mee Berhte ac liberorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 1219 (presumably after 6 May)[528].  “Arnoldus miles de Legirn” sold property to Kloster Katharinenthal, with the consent of “dominorum meorum Lutoldi et Ulrici de Reginspergh”, by charter dated 4 Jan 1250[529].  “Lutoldus de Reginspergh” sold property “in Humbilinchon” to Kloster Töss, with the consent of “Ul. fratris mei, uxoris et filiorum meorum”, by charter dated 5 Jan 1253[530].  “Lutoldus et Ulricus fratres nobiles dicti de Reginsberg” sold property “in Adlinken” to “Ulrico dicto Trembillin civi Turicensi”, with the consent of “uxori mee [i.e. Lutoldi] Adilburgi...et filiorum...Lutoldi, Ebirhardi, Diethelmi et Gertrudis filie, qui nondum legittimam habentes etatem”, by charter dated 13 Aug 1255[531]m ADELBURG, daughter of --- (-after 13 Aug 1255).  “Lutoldus et Ulricus fratres nobiles dicti de Reginsberg” sold property “in Adlinken” to “Ulrico dicto Trembillin civi Turicensi”, with the consent of “uxori mee [i.e. Lutoldi] Adilburgi...et filiorum...Lutoldi, Ebirhardi, Diethelmi et Gertrudis filie, qui nondum legittimam habentes etatem”, by charter dated 13 Aug 1255[532].  Lütold [VI] & his wife had four children: 

a)         LÜTOLD [VII] von Regensberg (-after 16 Mar 1302).  “Lutoldus et Ulricus fratres nobiles dicti de Reginsberg” sold property “in Adlinken” to “Ulrico dicto Trembillin civi Turicensi”, with the consent of “uxori mee [i.e. Lutoldi] Adilburgi...et filiorum...Lutoldi, Ebirhardi, Diethelmi et Gertrudis filie, qui nondum legittimam habentes etatem”, by charter dated 13 Aug 1255[533]

b)         EBERHARD von Regensberg .  “Lutoldus et Ulricus fratres nobiles dicti de Reginsberg” sold property “in Adlinken” to “Ulrico dicto Trembillin civi Turicensi”, with the consent of “uxori mee [i.e. Lutoldi] Adilburgi...et filiorum...Lutoldi, Ebirhardi, Diethelmi et Gertrudis filie, qui nondum legittimam habentes etatem”, by charter dated 13 Aug 1255[534]

c)         DIETHELM von Regensberg .  “Lutoldus et Ulricus fratres nobiles dicti de Reginsberg” sold property “in Adlinken” to “Ulrico dicto Trembillin civi Turicensi”, with the consent of “uxori mee [i.e. Lutoldi] Adilburgi...et filiorum...Lutoldi, Ebirhardi, Diethelmi et Gertrudis filie, qui nondum legittimam habentes etatem”, by charter dated 13 Aug 1255[535]

d)         GERTRUD von Regensberg .  “Lutoldus et Ulricus fratres nobiles dicti de Reginsberg” sold property “in Adlinken” to “Ulrico dicto Trembillin civi Turicensi”, with the consent of “uxori mee [i.e. Lutoldi] Adilburgi...et filiorum...Lutoldi, Ebirhardi, Diethelmi et Gertrudis filie, qui nondum legittimam habentes etatem”, by charter dated 13 Aug 1255[536]

2.         LÜTOLD von Regensberg .  “Harthmannus comes senior de Chibuch” confirmed that “viri nobiles Lutoldus senior de Reginsperch et Lutoldus miles filius eius” had sold property to Kloster Kreuzlingen, with the consent of “Bertha uxore senioris...filii senioris et fratres iunioris tres...Lutoldus, Eberhardus, Ulricus”, by charter dated 15 Feb 1244[537].  “Lutoldus senior de Reginsberg...et uxor mea Berchta” sold “domum nostram in Turego...in Littore” to “monasterio Turicensi...domine Judente...abbatisse”, with the consent of “Ul. filio nostro...etiam filio nostro Lutoldo”, by charter dated 27 Oct 1246[538]

3.         EBERHARD von Regensberg (-after 15 Feb 1244).  “Harthmannus comes senior de Chibuch” confirmed that “viri nobiles Lutoldus senior de Reginsperch et Lutoldus miles filius eius” had sold property to Kloster Kreuzlingen, with the consent of “Bertha uxore senioris...filii senioris et fratres iunioris tres...Lutoldus, Eberhardus, Ulricus”, by charter dated 15 Feb 1244[539]

4.         ULRICH von Regensberg (-[1280/81]).  “Harthmannus comes senior de Chibuch” confirmed that “viri nobiles Lutoldus senior de Reginsperch et Lutoldus miles filius eius” had sold property to Kloster Kreuzlingen, with the consent of “Bertha uxore senioris...filii senioris et fratres iunioris tres...Lutoldus, Eberhardus, Ulricus”, by charter dated 15 Feb 1244[540].  “Lutoldus senior de Reginsberg...et uxor mea Berchta” sold “domum nostram in Turego...in Littore” to “monasterio Turicensi...domine Judente...abbatisse”, with the consent of “Ul. filio nostro...etiam filio nostro Lutoldo”, by charter dated 27 Oct 1246[541].  “Arnoldus miles de Legirn” sold property to Kloster Katharinenthal, with the consent of “dominorum meorum Lutoldi et Ulrici de Reginspergh”, by charter dated 4 Jan 1250[542].  “Lutoldus de Reginspergh” sold property “in Humbilinchon” to Kloster Töss, with the consent of “Ul. fratris mei, uxoris et filiorum meorum”, by charter dated 5 Jan 1253[543].  “Lutoldus et Ulricus fratres nobiles dicti de Reginsberg” sold property “in Adlinken” to “Ulrico dicto Trembillin civi Turicensi”, by charter dated 13 Aug 1255[544]m ADELAIDE de Ferrette, daughter of ULRIC [II] Comte de Ferrette [Pfirt] & his second wife Agnes de Vergy (-before 1314).  “Vro Adelheit von Regensperg sin ehliche swester” renounced her parental rights from “ihr...vatter Grafen Ulrich...und von ihr...mutter frowen Agnesen” in favour of “Graf Thyebald von Pfirt” by charter dated 24 May 1300[545].  Frau von Balm 1310. 

5.         GERTRUD von Regensberg (-20 Mar ----).  A Habsburg genealogy names "filiam Lutoldi de Regensburg" as the wife of "Rudolfus frater…Albercti"[546].  “Gerdrudis comitissa de Habisburch” donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “filiorum suorum...G. comitis et Rhodolphi, Ottonis et Eberhardi”, by charter dated 16 Jun 1254[547].  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "XI Non Jul" of "com Ruo de Habsburg et uxor eius Gerdrudis et filius eorundem Wernherus"[548], the date probably referring to the death of Werner.  m RUDOLF [III] "der Schweigsame" von Habsburg Graf von Laufenburg, son of RUDOLF [II] "der Alte" Graf von Habsburg, Herr zu Laufenburg & his wife Agnes von Staufen (- 9 Oct 1249, bur Wettingen). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    GRAFEN im THURGAU

 

 

A.      GRAFEN im THURGAU (UDALRICHINGER)

 

 

Thurgau was located south of Lake Constance.  It is now the name of a canton in north-east Switzerland, but it is unclear whether this is co-extensive with the medieval county of the same name. 

 

Europäische Stammtafeln records Gerold [I] as "Graf im Mittelrheingebiet", implying a Franconian origin.  However, a strong connection with Swabia is indicated by the places where his sons were recorded as counts. 

 

 

1.         GEROLD [I] (-after 1 Jul 784).  Graf im Kraichgau: "Geroldus comes et conjux mea Imma" donated property "in pago Creichgowe in villa Ziuternheim et in Odenheim" to Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 30 Jun 779[549].  "Geroldus comes" donated property "in loco…Stainbura" to Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 1 Jul 779[550].  "Geroldus et conjux mea Imma" donated property "in pago Wormat. in Eichinen et Mettenheim…" to Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 1 Jul 784[551]m IMMA, daughter of NEBE [Hnabi] Duke of Alemannia & his wife Hereswint --- (-798).  "Imma" daughter of "Nebe" is named by Thegan[552].  Her marriage is suggested by Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris which names "Hildigardam [wife of Charles I King of the Franks] quæ erat de cognatione Gotefridi ducis Alamannorum" and specifies that she was Imma's daughter[553].  "Geroldus comes et conjux mea Imma" donated property "in pago Creichgowe in villa Ziuternheim et in Odenheim" to Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 30 Jun 779[554].  "Geroldus et conjux mea Imma" donated property "in pago Wormat. in Eichinen et Mettenheim…" to Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 1 Jul 784[555].  The Annales Alamannici record the death in 798 of "Imma"[556].  Graf Gerold [I] & his wife had six children: 

a)         GEROLD [II] (-killed in battle 1 Sep 799, bur Augia).  An epitaph to “quondam comitem…Geroldum” records that “cui regina soror, Ludovici…genitrix, Hildegardis erat[557].  "Dudo" donated "Sytinga marca in pago Bertoldesbara" to the monastery of St Gallen by charter dated 11 Apr 786 subscribed by "Dirodhario comite, Geroldo comite, Birtilone comite, Bertoldo comite"[558].  "Ceroldus comes" donated property "in pago Perihtilinpara" to the monastery of St Gallen, referring to "meus infans", by charter dated 3 May 786 subscribed by "Imma genitrix, Perihtilone comite"[559].  "Cozbertus" donated property "in Peratholtipara in villa…Priari" to the monastery of St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jan 790 subscribed by "Geraldo comite"[560].  Prefect in Bavaria 796.  Benefactor of Reichenau and St Gallen.  He was killed in battle against the Avars[561].  The Annales Alamannici record that "Kerolt" was killed in 799[562].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Geroldus Baioariæ præfectus" was killed in 799 fighting the "Hunis"[563].  Gerold is recorded as "defuerat soboles, pariterque defuit heres"[564].  The Epitaphium Geroldi Comitis records the death in battle "Sep…Kal" of "Geroldi"[565].  The Annales Laurissenses Continuatio records that "Geroldus comes Baioariæ prefectus" was killed in battle against the Avars and was buried "in Augia" in 799[566]m ---.  The name of Gerold's wife is not known.  Graf Gerold [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          child (-after 3 May 786).  "Ceroldus comes" donated property "in pago Perihtilinpara" to the monastery of St Gallen, referring to "meus infans", by charter dated 3 May 786 subscribed by "Imma genitrix, Perihtilone comite"[567]

b)         UDALRICH [I] (-[824]).  The Gesta Karoli names "Oudalrico" as "fratri magnæ Hildigardæ"[568].  "Uodalrichi comitis" donated property "in pago Alsacinse…" to Fulda by charter dated 31 Mar 778 which names "Imma genetrix [sua]"[569].  Graf im Alpgau und Breisgau 780/81.  Graf im Hegau 787/91.  Graf im Thurgau 787.  "Ruadkerus" donated property "in inferiore Lengiuuanc et in Entingas" to the monastery of St Gallen by charter dated 26 Aug 798 "sub Odalrico comite"[570].  Graf on the north bank of Bodensee 805/17.  "Uodalrichus comis" donated property "in pago Alsacinse in villa…Heinhaim" to Fulda for the soul of "germani mei Uotoni" by charter dated 1 May 803, signed by "Vodalrichi…Beboni Geroldi Vdilrichi Ratberti cum filiis suis qui consenserunt…"[571].  The Traditiones Fuldenses record the donation of “Vdalrih comes de Alsatia” of property “in Scastolfesheim” for the soul of “Ottone fratre suo[572].  Graf in Alsace 817.  m ---.  The name of Udalrich's wife is not known.  Graf Udalrich [I] & his wife had [five] children: 

i)          BEBO (-after 1 May 803).  "Uodalrichus comis" donated property "in pago Alsacinse in villa…Heinhaim" to Fulda for the soul of "germani mei Uotoni" by charter dated 1 May 803, signed by "Vodalrichi…Beboni Geroldi Vdilrichi Ratberti cum filiis suis qui consenserunt…"[573]

ii)         GEROLD [III] (-after 826).  "Uodalrichus comis" donated property "in pago Alsacinse in villa…Heinhaim" to Fulda for the soul of "germani mei Uotoni" by charter dated 1 May 803, signed by "Vodalrichi…Beboni Geroldi Vdilrichi Ratberti cum filiis suis qui consenserunt…"[574].  Einhard names "Geroldus comes" as one of the 15 witnesses of the testament of Emperor Charlemagne dated 811[575].  Einhard's Annales name "Geroldum comitem" as imperial legate to Italy in 815[576].  Einhard's Annales name "Bertricum palatii comitem" sending "Baldricum et Geroldum comites" to fight the Avars in 826[577].  Einhard's Annales names "Bertricum palatii comitem et Baldricum et Geroldum comites" as imperial missi to "Bulgarorum regem" in 826[578]

iii)        UDALRICH [II] (-after 1 May 803).  "Uodalrichus comis" donated property "in pago Alsacinse in villa…Heinhaim" to Fulda for the soul of "germani mei Uotoni" by charter dated 1 May 803, signed by "Vodalrichi…Beboni Geroldi Vdilrichi Ratberti cum filiis suis qui consenserunt…"[579]

iv)       ROTBERT [Ruadbert/Robert] (-[817, bur Lindau]).  "Uodalrichus comis" donated property "in pago Alsacinse in villa…Heinhaim" to Fulda for the soul of "germani mei Uotoni" by charter dated 1 May 803, signed by "Vodalrichi…Beboni Geroldi Vdilrichi Ratberti cum filiis suis qui consenserunt…"[580].  Graf 806/813-814.  Graf im Thurgau 806.  Graf on the north bank of Bodensee 807/813-814.  Graf im Argengau 807.  Graf im Linzgau 813/14. 

v)        [HIDDA .  Jackman quotes the Memorial book of Reichenau which lists (in order) "Hunfridus, Hitta, Adelpreht, Odalrih, Hunfrid, Liutsind, Hitta, Imma, Aba", whom he links with the family of Hunfried, and the Memorial book of St Gallen which lists the same persons with Robert, whom he identifies as the son of Graf Udalrich [I], deducing that "Hitta" was the wife of Hunfried [I] and sister of Robert[581]m HUNFRID [I], son of ---.  Marchese in Istria 799.  Graf in Rätien 806/808.] 

c)         UDO (-[before 798]).  “Voto” donated property “in pago Alsacinse in villa Scafolfesheim in Strazburga civitate…” to Fulda by charter dated 19 Apr 788[582].  "Uodalrichus [comes]" donated property "in pago Alsacinse in villa…Heinhain" to Fulda for the soul of "germani mei Uotoni" by charter dated 1 May 803[583].  The Traditiones Fuldenses record the donation of “Vdalrih comes de Alsatia” of property “in Scastolfesheim” for the soul of “Ottone fratre suo[584]

d)         HILDEGARD (758-Thionville, Moselle 30 Apr 783, bur Metz, église abbatiale de Saint-Arnoul).  Einhard refers to Hildegard as "de gente Suavorum"[585].  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names her "Hildigardam quæ erat de cognatione Gotefridi ducis Alamannorum" and specifies that she was the daughter of Imma[586].  The Annales Laurissenses record the death "783 pridie Kal Mai" of "Hildegardis regina" and her burial "iuxta urbem Mettensem in basilica apostolorum et beati Arnulfi"[587].  She died from the after effects of childbirth, according to the epitaph of her daughter Hildegarde[588].  Paulus Diaconus wrote an epitaph to "Hildegardis regina"[589]m (Aix-la-Chapelle 771 before 30 Apr) as his second wife, CHARLES I King of the Franks, son of PEPIN "le Bref" King of the Franks & his wife Bertrada [Berta] "au Grand Pied" (near Aix-la-Chapelle 2 Apr 748-Aix-la-Chapelle 28 Jan 814, bur Aix-la-Chapelle, Chapelle Sainte-Marie).  He was crowned CHARLES I “Charlemagne” Emperor of the Romans in 800. 

e)         ADRIAN .  "Adrianus filius Geroldi" donated property "in pago Worm. in Flannenheimire marca…" to Kloster Lorsch, for the soul of "Erbionis germani mei", by charter dated 11 Jul 793[590]same person as…?  ADRIAN (-before 10 Nov 821).  No proof has so far been found which confirms this co-identity.  However, the name Adrianus was unusual at that time which indicates that it may be correct.  m WALDRADA, daughter of --- (-after 15 Feb 824).  "Uualtrat relicta Adriani" donated property "in castello Pingi in pago Wormacense" to Fulda by charter dated 10 Nov 821 with the consent of "Votoni comitis"[591].  "Uualtrat et Voto" donated property "in pago Wormacense in castello Pingna" to Fulda by charter dated 15 Feb 824, subscribed by "Albrichi comitis"[592].  Adrianus & his wife had two children: 

i)          ODO (-after 15 Feb 824).  "Uualtrat relicta Adriani" donated property "in castello Pingi in pago Wormacense" to Fulda by charter dated 10 Nov 821 with the consent of "Votoni comitis"[593].  "Uualtrat et Voto" donated property "in pago Wormacense in castello Pingna" to Fulda by charter dated 15 Feb 824[594].  Neither of these charters states that Odo was the son of Waldrada, but this is a fair assumption.  [same person as …?  EUDES [Odo] (-killed in battle Jun 834).  Comte d´Orléans.  Levillain identifies Odo, son of Waldrada, with Eudes Comte d'Orléans[595].  This seems unlikely to be correct as the name Guillaume/Wilhelm (brother of Eudes Comte d´Orléans) does not appear at all in the Udalrichinger family.] 

[-        CAROLINGIAN NOBILITY.] 

ii)         WILTRUD .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Wialdruth et Guntram" donated property "in Buosinesheim" to Kloster Lorsch for the soul of "Rutperti comitis quondam viri mei" by charter dated 19 Feb 834[596]m ([808]) ROBERT [III] Graf im Wormsgau, son of ROBERT [II] Graf im Wormsgau und Oberrheingau & his first wife Theoderata (-before 19 Feb 834).  "Karolus…augustus…imperator Romanum…rex Francorum et Langobardorum" issued a judgment by charter dated 8 Mar 812 which names "fidelibus nostri: Gerulfus, Guntlandus, Hedo, Armannus, Hamricus, Sicardus, Rotbertus comitibus…Amalricus comiti palatii nostro"[597]

f)          ERBIO (-before 11 Jul 793).  "Adrianus filius Geroldi" donated property "in pago Worm. in Flannenheimire marca…" to Kloster Lorsch, for the soul of "Erbionis germani mei", by charter dated 11 Jul 793[598]

 

 

1.         --- .  [m --- of the Franks, daughter of Emperor LOUIS I & his first wife Ermengard --- ([820/25]-).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records that "rex Francorum qui et imperator Romanorum" gave his sister in marriage to "vir nobilissimo genere decoratus", that the couple had two sons to whom their uncle gave "in Alemannia loca…Potamum et Brigantium, Ubirlingin et Buochorn, Ahihusin et Turingen atque Heistirgou, Wintirture…et in Retia Curiensi Mesouch", and that one of the sons returned to France while the other "Oudalricus" retained all the property in Alamannia[599].  The editor of the MGH SS compilation dates this source to the mid-12th century[600].  The information has not been corroborated in any earlier primary source, although it is not known what prior documentation may have been available to the compiler of the Casus.  There are several other difficulties with this marriage which suggest that the report in the Casus should be treated with caution.  If the information is accurate, it is likely that the bride was a full sister of King Charles, although if this is correct her absence from contemporary documentation is surprising.  If she had been Charles's half-sister, it is difficult to see how Charles would have had much influence on her marriage, which would have been arranged by one of her full brothers.  In any case, it is unlikely that Emperor Louis's first wife would have had further children after [812/15] at the latest, given the birth of her eldest son in 795.  If that estimated birth date is correct, then it is more likely that this daughter's marriage would have been arranged by her father Emperor Louis before his death in 840.  Another problem is the potential consanguinity between the parties.  Although the precise relationship between the couple's son Udalrich [III] and the earlier Udalrichinger cannot be established from available documentation, it is probable that he was closely related to Hildegard, first wife of Emperor Charles I, who was the paternal grandmother of Emperor Louis's children.  Lastly, Udalrich [III] is recorded in charters dated 847 and 854, suggesting a birth date in the 820s assuming that he was adult at the time, which is inconsistent with Charles II "le Chauve" (born in 823) having arranged his parents' marriage.]  Two children: 

a)         son .  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records that one of the nephews of Emperor Louis I returned to France[601]

b)         UDALRICH [III] ([820/25]-13 Apr before [896/900]).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records that Emperor Louis I gave his nephews "in Alemannia loca…Potamum et Brigantium, Ubirlingin et Buochorn, Ahihusin et Turingen atque Heistirgou, Wintirture…et in Retia Curiensi Mesouch", "Oudalricus" retaining all the property in Alamannia[602].  There is no proof of a connection with the preceding family of Graf Gerold and his wife Imma, but this is suggested by Udalrich's name and the similar geographical area of activity.  "…Odelrih…" is among those listed as present in the charter dated 12 Oct 847 under which King Ludwig granted property to "Pribina"[603].  A charter of Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated 22 Jul 854 records the settlement of a dispute between Kloster St Gallen and the bishop of Konstanz related to property "…in comitatu Odalrici comiti in pagello Goldineshuntare in villa Heriprahttinga"[604].  Ludwig "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks gave instructions to "Atoni et Odalricho ceterisque comitibus nostris in Alamannia" relating to Kloster St Gallen in an undated charter, inserted in the compilation with charters dated [854/55][605].  Charters dated 25 Mar 860, 3 Oct 861 (property "in pago Argengauue"), 15 May 866, 1 Jul 869, Jun 874, Oct 878, Apr 879, 1 May 879 (jointly with "Adalberto comitis"), Jun 882, 1 May 885 recording donations to St Gallen are dated to "sub Uadalricho comite"[606].  Ludwig "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks donated property "res…nostris in comitatu Odalrici…Mathasco et…Sauariæ" to Kloster Mattsee by charter dated 8 May 860[607].  Ludwig "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks donated property "Sabariam civitatem et Peinihhan, sicut Odolricus comes noster" to Salzburg church by charter dated 28 Nov 860[608].  Ludwig "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks granted property to Podoholt and his brother Folcherat naming "nepos noster Odolricus comes et Hildeboldus missus noster" in a charter dated 17 Aug 867 relating to Argengau[609].  Ludwig "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks granted property "res in ducatu Alamannico in pago Linzgoue in comitatu Odelrici comitis in villa…Eilinga" to "clericus Baldinc" by charter dated 3 Oct 875[610].  Graf on the north coast of Bodensee 885/90.  Graf im Argengau 885/86.  Graf im Linzgau 889.  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in pago pago Quinzingouue in comitatu Hunolfi" to Kloster St Emmeran by charter dated 21 Mar 890 which names "Engildeo comes, Odalrich comes, Meginhart comes, Chunipercht comes, Kerolt comes, Rumolt comes, Geio comes"[611].  "Arnolfus…rex" confirmed an exchange of property between the monks of Ottobeuren "per manum advocati eorum…Reginhoh" and "fidelis Yringis" with the consent of "Odalrici comitis" by charter dated 26 Jun 890[612].  "Arnolfus…rex" commanded "Adalberto, Perehtolto, Purgharto, Vodalrico et cunctis regni istius primatibus" to grant rights to Kloster St Gallen by an undated charter, placed in the compilation among charters dated [891/92][613].  The necrology of St Gall records the death "Id Apr" of "Uodalrici comitis regum nepotis"[614]m ---.  The name of Udalrich's wife is not known.  Graf Udalrich [III] & his wife had one child:

i)          UDALRICH [IV] (-[27 Mar, 30 Sep or 8 Oct] ----, [27 Sep 894/26 May 896-900]).  He is named "Udalrich junior" in 894.  Graf on the north coast of Bodensee 885/94.  Graf im Argengau 885 and 894.  Graf im Linzgau und Rheingau 891.  The necrology of St Gall records the death "VI Kal Apr" of "Uodalrici benigni comitis", "II Kal Oct" of "Uodalrici comitis" and "VIII Id Nov" of "Uodalrici benigni comitis"[615], one of which could refer to Udalrich [IV] and Udalrich [V].  m PEREHTHEIDE, daughter of ---.  886/90.  "Arnolfus…rex" confiscated all property "quas in Alamannia vel Alsatia" of "Odalricum…cum Perehtheda uxore sua" and donated it to Hatto Abbot of Reichenau by charter dated 890[616].  Graf Udalrich [IV] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       GEROLD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  886. 

(b)       IRMINDRUD .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess at Aadorf 886/94. 

(c)       PEREHDRUD .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess at Aadorf 886. 

 

 

1.         UDALRICH [V] (-[27 Mar, 30 Sep or 8 Sep] 924).  There is no proof of a connection with the preceding families but this is suggested by his name and the similar geographical area of activity.  Charters dated 10 May 905 and 24 Feb 909 recording donations to St Gallen are dated to "sub comite Odalrico"[617].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in loco Munichinga in pago Chlethgeuue" to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 11 Mar 912 at the request of "comitum quoque Erchangarii et Chuonradi, Odalrici, Hugonis"[618].  "Chuonradus…rex" made donations by charter dated 5 Mar 912 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Sigihardi, Arnolfi, Erchangarii, Odalrici, Perchtoldi, Chuonradi, Herimanni, Luitfredi atque Iringi"[619].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in pago Tuhrlamensi in comitatu Odalrici…in loco Helfotesuuilare" to Bishop Salomon by charter dated 3 Oct 912[620].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Murbach by charter dated 12 Mar 913 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum…Erchangarii, Chuonradi, Hugonis, Ottonis, Heinrici, Bopponis, Udalrici, Eberhardi"[621].  "Oudalrich quidam comes de Karoli prosapia" is named in the Chronicle of St Gallen, which also names his wife and their two sons[622].  The Annales Necrologici Fuldenses record the death "924" of "Uodalrih com"[623].  The necrology of St Gall records the death "VI Kal Apr" of "Uodalrici benigni comitis", "II Kal Oct" of "Uodalrici comitis" and "VIII Id Nov" of "Uodalrici benigni comitis"[624], one of which could refer to Udalrich [IV] and Udalrich [V].  m WUNDELGART, daughter of EKKEHARD [I] & his wife --- ([885/90]-).  Her birth date range is estimated from the likely birth date range of her supposed mother, assuming that the origin shown here is correct, and the likely ages of her children.  "Wundilgartam Henrici regis de filia neptim" is named in the Chronicle of St Gall, which also names her husband[625].  The editor's commentary in the printed text interprets this as "granddaughter of Heinrich I King of Germany", but this is impossible chronologically assuming the approximate death date of Wundelgart's husband is correct.  Assuming there is any truth in the text, it is more likely that Wundelgart was the niece of King Heinrich by his sister, although this is far from certain considering the broad range of interpretation possible for the word "neptis".  The same source in a later passage names "Ekkehardo…diacono et Purchardo puero post abate consobrinis suis"[626].  As Wundelgart was the mother of Abbot Burkhard, this gives the essential clue to her origin.  Graf Udalrich [V] & his wife had [six or more] children: 

a)         UDALRICH [VI] [Outzo] (-25 Aug [950/57], bur Lindau Frauenkloster).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Outzo comes qui habitabat apud Brigantium" as a descendant of "Oudalricus" (nephew of King of France, see above), and his wife "Diepirgam"[627].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Bregenz. 

-        see below

b)         BURCHARD (-9 Aug 975).  The Casuum Sancti Galli, Continuatio I, Ekkehardo IV names "Ekkehardo…diacono et Purchardo puero post abate consobrinis suis"[628].  The Casuum Sancti Galli, Continuatio I, Ekkehardo IV refers to Abbot Burkhard as "nepotem meum", referring to Emperor Otto I[629].  Abbot of St Gallen494 958, resigned 971[630].  The necrology of St Gallen records the death "V Id Aug" of "Purchardi…abbatis"[631]

c)         ADALHARD .  "Adalhardum qui Gallo Altstetin post tradidit" is named as son of "Oudalrich and Wundilgartem" in the Chronicle of St Gallen[632].  The commentary calls him "Adalhart comes Buchhorni" and also names his son and brother[633].  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records that "Adilhardus comes" donated property to "nepoti suo beato Gebehardo epicopo"[634].  Graf im Thurgau 920/[970].  m ---.  The name of Adalhard's wife is not known.  Graf Adalhard & his wife had one child: 

i)          RICHERE .  The Casuum Sancti Galli, Continuatio I, Ekkehardo IV names "camerarius…suus Richere, fratris quidem filius", referring to Burkhard abbot of St Gallen[635].  Monk at St Gallen, and camerarius, son of Adalhard494

d)         WITO . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   913. 

e)         daughters .  The Chronicle of St Gallen refers to unnamed daughters of "Oudalrich et Wundilgartem"[636]

 

 

UDALRICH [VI] [Outzo], son of Graf UDALRICH [V] & his wife Wundelgart --- (-25 Aug [950/57], bur Lindau Frauenkloster).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Outzo comes qui habitabat apud Brigantium" as a descendant of "Oudalricus" (nephew of King of France, see above), and his wife "Diepirgam"[637].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Bregenz.  Graf in Rätien:  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "Luminius in pago Curiensi in comitatu Udalrici comitis" to Waldo Bishop of Chur by charter dated 3 Nov 926[638].  "Otto…rex" confirmed the rights and privileges of Kloster Pfävers including property "in pago Retia…in comitatu Odalrrici comitis" by charter dated 9 Feb 950[639]

m DIEPURGA, daughter of --- (-9 Aug 946 or 949).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis specifies that the wife of "Outzo comes" died when giving birth to Gebhard[640]

Graf Udalrich [VI] & his wife had five children: 

1.         UDALRICH [VII] (-16 Mar 973).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Oudalricum alterum Marquardum tercium Liutfridum quartum Gebehardum" as the four sons of "Outzo comes", specifying that Udalrich fought in the war of Emperor Otto I against the Hungarians, founded "Lindaugense monasterium" where he was buried and left posterity "apud Brigantium"[641].  Graf 955.  The Annales Sangallenses record the deaths in 973 of "Udalricus comes et Ekkehardus monachus"[642].  The necrology of Petrishusen records the death "XVII Kal Apr" of "Uodolricus com frater s Gebehardi"[643]

-        GRAFEN von BREGENZ

2.         MARQUARD .  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Oudalricum alterum Marquardum tercium Liutfridum quartum Gebehardum" as the four sons of "Outzo comes", specifying that Marquard was "comes effectus, in amicitia Ottonis imperatoris plurimum potuit"[644]

3.         LIUTFRIED .  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Oudalricum alterum Marquardum tercium Liutfridum quartum Gebehardum" as the four sons of "Outzo comes", specifying that Liutfried received Winterthur in the inheritance of his father[645]m --- .  The name of Liutfried's wife is not known.  Liutfried & his wife had one child: 

a)         ADALBERT [II] (-8 Sep [1030]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Pirctelo…cum manu fratris mei Gebehardi" donated property to Sulzburg monastery "in pago Prisicheuue in comitatu Adalberoni comitis", and granted the monastery to the church of Basel, by charter dated 28 Mar 1008, witnessed by "Adalbero comes, Beretholt comes, Ruodolf comes…"[646].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "VI Id Sep" of "Adalbertus comes de Bregantia, avus com Adelhaidis fundatricis nostra"[647]m --- .  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.  Graf Adalbert [II] & his wife had three children:

i)          ADALBERT [III] (-killed in battle Civitate, Apulia 13 Jun 1053).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Adilbertum…[et] Adilheidis" as son and daughter of Liutfried & his wife, specifying that Adilbert went to Apulia with Pope Leo[648], but this appears to skip a generation in light of the necrology entry for Adalbert's father Adalbert (see above).  Europäische Stammtafeln shows the brothers Adalbert, Liutfried and Hermann as possible sons of Werner [I] Graf [von Gröningen][649] but this is not consistent with the other sources which refer to Adalbert, his father and daughter.  A list of donations to Einsiedeln records that “Adelbertus de Winterthur frater...Hermanni abbatis” donated “Kempten..in Richenbach....” for “Luitfrido fratre suo...in Boëmannico bello occisus[650].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "XIV Kal Jul" of "Adalbertus comes de Bregantia, pater com Adelhardis fundatricis nostræ"[651]m --- .  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.  Graf Adalbert [III] & his wife had three children:

(a)       ADELHEID (1053 or before-).  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "XIV Kal Jul" of "Adalbertus comes de Bregantia, pater com Adelhardis fundatricis nostræ"[652], Adelheid's husband being recorded in the same source as founder of Kloster Neresheim.  Alternatively, the Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Adilbertum…[et] Adilheidis" as son and daughter of Liutfried & his wife, specifying that Adelheid married "comes Hartmannus senior de Dilinga"[653].  This parentage for Adelheid is chronologically impossible without two or three intervening generations, assuming that Liutfried was the son of Udalrich [VI] Outzo as shown above.  Adelheid and her husband were buried in Kloster Neresheim according to a monumental inscription which reads "AD 1121 obiit Hartmannus fundator noster, comes de Dillingen, et uxor eius de Kyburg Adelhaid"[654].  This suggests that Adelheid was the heiress of Kiburg which, if correct, was transmitted into the family of the Grafen von Dillingen through her marriage.  m HARTMANN [I] Graf von Dillingen, son of HUPOLD [III] Graf [von Dillingen] & his wife Adelheid von Gerhausen (-16 Apr 1120, bur Neresheim). 

ii)         LIUTFRIED (-killed in battle 23 Aug 1040).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  A list of donations to Einsiedeln records that “Adelbertus de Winterthur frater...Hermanni abbatis” donated “Kempten..in Richenbach....” for “Luitfrido fratre suo...in Boëmannico bello occisus[655]Europäische Stammtafeln shows the brothers Adalbert, Liutfried and Hermann as possible sons of Werner [I] Graf [von Gröningen][656].  This is not consistent with the other sources which refer to Adalbert, his father and daughter, although no direct reference has been found either to Liutfried or Hermann. 

iii)        HERMANN (-8 Apr 1065).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbot of Einsiedeln 1051.  A list of donations to Einsiedeln records that “Adelbertus de Winterthur frater...Hermanni abbatis” donated “Kempten..in Richenbach....” for “Luitfrido fratre suo...in Boëmannico bello occisus[657]Europäische Stammtafeln shows the brothers Adalbert, Liutfried and Hermann as possible sons of Werner [I] Graf [von Gröningen][658].  This is not consistent with the other sources which refer to Adalbert, his father and daughter, although no direct reference has been found either to Liutfried or Hermann. 

4.         GEBHARD (9 Aug 946 or 949-Konstanz 27 Aug 995, bur Petershausen).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Oudalricum alterum Marquardum tercium Liutfridum quartum Gebehardum" as the four sons of "Outzo comes", specifying that his mother died giving birth to Gebhard who became a canon at Konstanz, later Bishop of Konstanz[659].  He founded Kloster Petershausen in 983[660].  Bishop of Konstanz 979. 

 

 

 

B.      GRAFEN von KIBURG

 

 

The Grafen von Kiburg inherited the lands of the Zähringer family located in Burgundy and Switzerland on the death of Berthold IV Herzog von Zähringen in 1218.  The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of members of these families have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

1.         WERNER (-killed in battle auf der Baar 17 Aug 1030).  Graf von Kiburg.  The Annales Sangallenses record that "Werinhero comite" resisted the siege of "castrum Chuigeburch" in 1027[661].  He rebelled against Emperor Konrad II in 1030, supported by Ernst Duke of Swabia [Babenberg], was excommunicated and outlawed.  They were both killed in battle against imperial forces[662]

 

 

ULRICH von Dillingen und Kiburg, son of HARTMANN [III] Graf von Dillingen und Kiburg & his wife Richenza von Lenzburg (-1227, bur Schänis)Graf von Kiburg.  "...Albertus et Ulricus comites de Chiburch…" witnessed the charter dated 1186 under which Friedrich Duke of Swabia confirmed property of Kloster Salem[663].  Crusader 1190.  Vogt von Schänis, Beromünster und Glarus 1212.  "…Ulricus comes de Kiburc et filii eius Wernerus et Hardemannu…" witnessed a charter of Friedrich II King of Germany dated 31 Mar 1213[664]

m ANNA von Zähringen, daughter of BERTHOLD IV Herzog von Zähringen & his first wife Heilwig [von Froburg] (-after 1226).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "ducem Bertoldum…et duas sorores" as children of "ducem Bertoldum" & his wife, specifying that the younger daughter was "comitissa Kiburgensis" and had many children[665].  This is confirmed by the charter dated 1226 under which "Haimonem dominum de Fucignie" reached an agreement with the bishop of Lausanne concerning the advocacy of the church of Lausanne, which Aimon claimed had been granted by "comitibus de Ciburc", which names "comitibus de Kibor Vuernerio et Armanno…quia filii erant sororis Bertoldi ducis Faringie"[666]

Graf Ulrich & his wife had six children: 

1.         WERNER [I] (-Acre 1228).  "…Ulricus comes de Kiburc et filii eius Wernerus et Hardemannu…" witnessed a charter of Friedrich II King of Germany dated 31 Mar 1213[667].  The contract of marriage between "Thomas comes Savoyæ…filiam suam Margaritham…infra nubiles annos" and "comiti Hartmanno filio comitis Ulrici de Kyburg" is dated 1 Jun 1218, stating that "Dni Bertholdi comitis de Novocastro et Dni Wilhelmi de Stavayé" acted as guarantors, and with the consent of "Ulricus comes de Kyburg et comes Garnerius frater eius et comitissa uxor comitis de Kyburg"[668].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1226 under which "Haimonem dominum de Fucignie" reached an agreement with the bishop of Lausanne concerning the advocacy of the church of Lausanne, which Aimon claimed had been granted by "comitibus de Ciburc", which names "comitibus de Kibor Vuernerio et Armanno…quia filii erant sororis Bertoldi ducis Faringie"[669]Graf von Kiburgm as her first husband, ALIX [Bertha] de Lorraine, daughter of FERRY II Duke of Lorraine & his wife Agnes de Bar (-[Apr/29 Sep 1242], bur Clairlieu).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Aaliz relictam comitis Kyburgensis sororem ducis Lotharingie Mathei" when recording her second marriage to "Galtherus de Vangionis Rivo…filius Galtherius"[670].  She married secondly (before Nov 1229) Gautier [II] Seigneur de Vignory.  “Walterus dominus Gagionisrivi” confirmed that “Aelyz uxor mea condam comitissa de Guibor”, before her marriage had renounced any succession to “fratri suo Matheo duci Lotharingie et marchioni”, receiving in compensation “castrum de Ulmis” [Ormes], by charter dated Nov 1229[671].  Graf Werner [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         HARTMANN [V] (-3 Sep 1263, bur Wettingen)Graf von Kiburg.  Seigneur de Fribourg.  The Community of "Uriburt" promised to observe the donation by "Conte Hartmano di Kibourg" with the consent of "Conte Hartmano Giuniore" to "Dama Margarita Moglie del detto Conte H. Seniore" by charter dated 1241[672].  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "III Non Sep 1263" of "Hermannus com iunior de Kiburg et Anna uxor eius"[673].  The index of benefactors of Wettingen records the death in 1263 of "Hartmannus com de Kiburg iunior…benefactor" and his burial "apud sacellum beatæ Mariæ Virginis"[674].  The necrology of Fraubrunnen records the death "IV Non Sep" of "Graf Hartman der jünger"[675]m firstly (before 9 Feb 1248, divorced before 28 Jan 1251, remarried?) ANNA von Rapperswil, daughter of RUDOLF Graf von Rapperswil & his wife --- (-30 May 1253).  Pope Innocent IV granted dispensation to “nobili viro Artimanno nato...L. comitis de Froburc” [Hartmann von Frohburg] to marry “Annam filiam nobilis viri --- comitis de Rapreswiler”, who had been divorced from “H. iunior comes de Kiburch tertia te linea consanguinitatis” because he had previously contracted to marry “matertera ipsius A[nne] sponsalia”, dated 28 Jan 1251[676].  The following documents suggest that the difficulty which provided the basis for the couple’s divorce was resolved and that the validity of the marriage was later recognised by the church.  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "III Kal Jun" of "domina Anna de Kiburg", recalled in the later entry "III Non Sep 1263" of "Hermannus com iunior de Kiburg et Anna uxor eius"[677].  “Hartmannus junior comes de Kiburc” founded an anniversary for “recenti morte...Annæ comitissæ” at Wettingen by charter dated 31 May 1253, witnessed by “H. patruus noster de Kiburc, R. socer noster de Rapertwiler...[678].  “Hartmannus comes iunior de Kiburc” renounced rights over property in favour of Kloster Wettingen, for the souls of “bone memorie...uxoris nostre Anne comitisse” and in the hope of a long life for “filii nostri Wernheri comitis”, by charter dated 4 Jun 1253[679]m secondly (contract 27 Jan 1254) ELISABETH de Chalon, daughter of HUGUES de Chalons Seigneur de Salins Comte Palatin de Bourgogne & his wife Alix von Andechs-Merano Ctss Palatine de Bourgogne (-9 Jul 1275).  “Hartmannus junior comes de Kibourc” confirmed agreement to the dowry for his marriage to “Hugo comes Burgundie palatinus et...A...uxor eius...Elisabeth filie eorumdem primogenite uxoris nostre” by charter dated 27 Jan 1254[680].  She became a Clarissan nun at Freiburg.  Graf Hartmann [V] & his first wife had one child: 

i)          WERNER (-after 4 Jun 1253).  “Hartmannus comes iunior de Kiburc” renounced rights over property in favour of Kloster Wettingen, for the souls of “bone memorie...uxoris nostre Anne comitisse” and in the hope of a long life for “filii nostri Wernheri comitis”, by charter dated 4 Jun 1253[681].  Presumably Werner died young as no other primary source has been identified which names him. 

Graf Hartmann [V] & his second wife had two children: 

ii)         ANNA .  The charter dated 1263, under which the town of Fribourg placed itself under the protection of "Dominum Comitem Rudolfum de Habisburg Landgravium Alsatie" also names "Anna ipsius domini neptis, domina nostra, quondam filia…domini nostri comitis Hartmanni junioris de Kyburgo"[682].  Dame de Fribourg.  "Anna quondam filia comitis…Hartmanni de Kiburgo junioris et…Eberhardus comes de Habisburg maritus eiusdem domine" confirmed the privileges of the town of Fribourg by charter dated Mar 1275[683].  "Domini…Eberhardi comitis de Habsburch et…dominæ…Annæ uxoris suæ" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Frienisberg by "Petrus de Viviers" by charter dated Oct 1275[684].  The necrology of Fraubrunnen records the death "XII Kal Dec" of "Frow Anna gräfin von Kiburg"[685]m ([30 Oct/12 Dec] 1271) EBERHARD Graf von Habsburg-Laufenburg, son of RUDOLF I "der Schweigsame" Graf von Habsburg-Laufenburg & his wife Gertrud von Regensberg (-1284, before 2 Jun).  Graf von Kiburg

iii)        son (posthumously 1264-).  A document dated 16 Jan 1264 records that a son was born to Graf Hartmann’s widow after he died[686].  It is assumed that he died while an infant. 

b)         CLEMENTIA (-after [1248/49]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m RUDOLF [I] Graf von [Werdenburg], son of HUGO [I] Graf von Montfort [Tübingen] & his wife Mechtild --- (-[Oct 1244/1247]). 

c)         ADELHEID .  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the charter dated 29 Sep 1242 under which [her husband] “Fridericus comes de Liningen” declared that Mathieu II Duke of Lorraine had granted him “castrum de Ulmis”, previously held by [his mother-in-law] “soror eius pie memorie domina Gangerrivi[687].  "Emecho comes in Liningen" sold property "curtem nostram et fratruelis nostri Friderici in Buele sitam" to Speyer, with the consent of "uxor nostra…Elisabetha, relicta fratris nostri Friderici Udalhardis, filius ipsius Fridericus", by charter dated 1 Mar 1256[688].  1258.  m (before 29 Sep 1242) FRIEDRICH [IV] Graf von Leiningen in Dagsburg und Hardenburg, son of FRIEDRICH [III] Graf von Leiningen & his [first] wife [Agnes von Eberstein] (-[1249/14 Dec 1254]). 

2.         HARTMANN [III] (-27 Nov 1264, bur Wettingen).  "…Ulricus comes de Kiburc et filii eius Wernerus et Hardemannu…" witnessed a charter of Friedrich II King of Germany dated 31 Mar 1213[689].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1226 under which "Haimonem dominum de Fucignie" reached an agreement with the bishop of Lausanne concerning the advocacy of the church of Lausanne, which Aimon claimed had been granted by "comitibus de Ciburc", which names "comitibus de Kibor Vuernerio et Armanno…quia filii erant sororis Bertoldi ducis Faringie"[690]Graf von Kiburg.  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "V Kal Dec 1262" of "com Hartmannus senior de Kiburg"[691]m (contract Mouden 1 Jun 1218) MARGUERITE de Savoie, daughter of THOMAS I Comte de Savoie & his wife Marguerite [Beatrix] de Genève (1212-1/2 Sep 1270 or 1273[692]).  The contract of marriage between "Thomas comes Savoyæ…filiam suam Margaritham…infra nubiles annos" and "comiti Hartmanno filio comitis Ulrici de Kyburg" is dated 1 Jun 1218, stating that "Dni Bertholdi comitis de Novocastro et Dni Wilhelmi de Stavayé" acted as guarantors, and with the consent of "Ulricus comes de Kyburg et comes Garnerius frater eius et comitissa uxor comitis de Kyburg"[693].  Her marriage date is confirmed by the charter dated 1230 under which her husband "H. comes de Kiburch" confirmed donations "propter nuptias uxori sue filie comitis Sabaudie", with the consent of "fratris sui Ul. Constantiensis canonici et H. filii fratris sui beate memorie Wer. quondam comitis de Kiburch"[694].  The Chronicon Colmarense records that "comes…[Kiburc]" married "filiam comitis de Sabaudia"[695].  "Amedeus comes Sabaudie et marchio Italie" granted "castrum…Monteys" {Montheys} to "sorori mee Margarete comitisse de Kiborch" by charter dated 16 Oct 1239[696].  "Amedeus comes Sabaudie et in Italie marchio…cum…genetrice sua et fratribus suis B. Bellicensi Electo et Philippo Metensi Primicerio" granted "villam S. Mauritii de Chablaisio" {Saint-Maurice de Chablais} to "soror illorum Margareta comitissa de Kiborch" by charter dated 24 Feb 1240[697].  "H. comes de Kyburch" granted "castra Windegge, Oltingen…advocatiam et predium in Shennis, Wizennanc et Kemanatvn" to "uxori mee" by way of dower, with the consent of "fratruelis mei H", by charter dated 28 May 1241[698].  The same collection includes several other charters relating to this grant, dated between 9 Jul 1241 and 1243[699].  Her parentage is confirmed by the 1264 testament of her brother Boniface[700].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[701], Marguerite de Savoie married secondly Eberhard von Habsburg-Laufenburg, son of Rudolf III Graf von Habsburg-Laufenburg & his wife Gertrud von Regensberg.  Apart from the unlikelihood of Graf Eberhard (who at the time must have been at least 40 years old) marrying as his first wife a lady over 50 years old, his marriage to Anna heiress of Kiburg is recorded[702] as having taken place in [30 Oct/12 Dec] 1271 when Marguerite was still alive.  In addition, the Chronicle of Hautecombe refers to Marguerite as 'Margarita comitissa de Quiborch in Alemania' when she died, with no mention of Habsburg-Laufenburg.  The necrology of Waldens records the death "Kal Sep" of "Margareta com de Kuberg"[703].  The necrology of Fraubrunnen records the death "1 Kal Sep" of "Her Hartman graf von Kyburg und frow Margreta sin gemachel"[704], the date apparently referring to the death of Marguerite.  The necrology of Wettingen records the death "IV Non Sep" of "Margareta com de Kiburch"[705]

3.         ULRICH (-17 Jun 1237).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1230 under which her husband "H. comes de Kiburch" confirmed donations "propter nuptias uxori sue filie comitis Sabaudie", with the consent of "fratris sui Ul. Constantiensis canonici et H. filii fratris sui beate memorie Wer. quondam comitis de Kiburch"[706].  Canon at Basel Cathedral 1223.  Canon at Konstanz Cathedral 1229.  Provost of Beromünster and Imperial chaplain 1231/34.  Bishop of Chur 1233. 

4.         HEILWIG ([1192]-30 Apr 1260, bur Muri).  The Ellenhardi Chronicon refers to the wife of "Alberti comitis in Habichburg…lantgravius Alsatie superioris" as "filia comitis in Kiburch"[707].  A Habsburg genealogy names "Heilwigam filiam Uolrici comitis de Chiburg" as the wife of "Alberctus"[708]m ([1215]) ALBRECHT [IV] "der Weise" von Habsburg, son of RUDOLF II "der Alte" Graf von Habsburg, Herr zu Laufenburg & his wife Agnes von Staufen (-Ascalon, Palestine 22 Nov 1240).  He succeeded his father in 1232 as Graf von Habsburg

5.         MECHTILD (-after 1232).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m RUDOLF [I] Graf von Rapperswil (-1250).  The index of benefactors of Wettingen records the death in 1250 of "Rudolphus com de Raperschwyl, patruus fundatoris" and his burial at Wettingen[709]

6.         ADELHEID (-1231 or after).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m GERHARD [IV] Graf von Dollnstein und Hirschberg, son of GERHARD [II] Graf von Dollnstein & his wife --- (-1225). 

 

 

 

C.      GRAFEN von KIBURG (HABSBURG)

 

 

EBERHARD von Habsburg, son of RUDOLF [I] "der Schweigsame" Graf von Habsburg-Laufenburg & his wife Gertrud von Regensberg (-1284, before 2 Jun).  “Gerdrudis comitissa de Habisburch” donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “filiorum suorum...G. comitis et Rhodolphi, Ottonis et Eberhardi”, by charter dated 16 Jun 1254[710].  "Goetfridus et Eberhardus fratres utrini comites dicti de Habsburch" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Cappel by "Rudolfo patre nostro comite de Habsburch" by charter dated 15 Oct 1263[711].  He succeeded in 1271 as Graf von Kiburg, by right of his wife.  "Domini…Eberhardi comitis de Habsburch et…dominæ…Annæ uxoris suæ" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Frienisberg by "Petrus de Viviers" by charter dated Oct 1275[712].  The Annales Colmarienses record the death in 1284 of "comes Ebirhardus, frater episcopi Constantiensis et frater comitis Gotfridi de Louffinberg"[713]

m ([30 Oct/12 Dec] 1271) ANNA von Kiburg, daughter and heiress of HARTMANN [V] Graf von Kiburg & his wife Elisabeth de Chalon [Bourgogne-Comté] (-20 Nov ----).  The charter dated 1263, under which the town of Fribourg placed itself under the protection of "Dominum Comitem Rudolfum de Habisburg Landgravium Alsatie" also names "Anna ipsius domini neptis, domina nostra, quondam filia…domini nostri comitis Hartmanni junioris de Kyburgo"[714].  Dame de Fribourg.  "Anna quondam filia comitis…Hartmanni de Kiburgo junioris et…Eberhardus comes de Habisburg maritus eiusdem domine" confirmed the privileges of the town of Fribourg by charter dated Mar 1275[715].  "Domini…Eberhardi comitis de Habsburch et…dominæ…Annæ uxoris suæ" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Frienisberg by "Petrus de Viviers" by charter dated Oct 1275[716].  The necrology of Fraubrunnen records the death "XII Kal Dec" of "Frow Anna gräfin von Kiburg"[717].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[718], Graf Eberhard married firstly (as her second husband) Marguerite de Savoie, widow of Hartmann III Graf von Kiburg, daughter of Thomas I Comte de Savoie & his wife Béatrix [Marguerite] de Genevois.  Apart from the improbability of Graf Eberhard marrying as his first wife a lady over 50 years old (she was born in 1212[719]), the Chronicle of Hautecombe[720] states that Marguerite died in 1273, two years after the date of Graf Eberhard's marriage to Anna von Kiburg.  According to the Chronicle, she was 'Margarita comitissa de Quiborch in Alemania' when she died, with no mention of Habsburg-Laufenburg. 

Graf Eberhard [I] & his wife had two children: 

1.         HARTMANN [I] (-29 Mar 1301).  He succeeded his father in 1284 as Graf von Kiburg, minor until 1292.  The necrology of Fraubrunnen records the death "IV Kal Apr" of "Her Hartman ein graf von Kiburg"[721]m (1298) ELISABETH von Freiburg, daughter of EGINO [II] Graf von Freiburg & his wife Katharina von Lichtenberg (-9 Jul after 10 Jan 1342).  The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis names "filii sororis Conradi comitis Friburgensis" as mother of "duo fratres de Kyburg, Hartmannus et Eberhardus clericus, nepotes ex filio quondam Eberhardi de Habsburg"[722].  “Elisabet grevin von Kiburg frowe ze Oltingen” donated serfs to Gottstatt monastery, with the consent of “unser kinden her Eberharz grafen von Kyburg und fro Katherinen von Werdenberg” by charter dated 10 Jan 1342[723].  The necrology of Fraubrunnen records the death "VII Id Jul" of "Frouw Elysabeth ein gräfin von Kiburg"[724].  Graf Hartmann [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         HARTMANN [II] (-murdered Schloß Thun 31 Oct 1322).  The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis names "duo fratres de Kyburg, Hartmannus et Eberhardus clericus, nepotes ex filio quondam Eberhardi de Habsburg, filii sororis Conradi comitis Friburgensis"[725].  He succeeded his father in 1301 as Graf von Kiburg.  Landgraf in Burgundy 1316.  m (contract Freiburg 2 May 1319, before 17 Jul 1319) as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Neuchâtel dame de Boudry, daughter of RODOLPHE [V] Comte de Neuchâtel & his wife Eléonore de Savoie-Vaud (-22 Aug, 1382 or after).  The marriage contract between “Rodulphus comes et dominus Novi Castri...Margarita filia nostra” and “Hartmannus comes de Kiburg, lantgravius Burgundie” is dated 2 May 1319[726].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis which names "soceri sui Rudolfi comitis de Novocastro", in relation to "Hartmannus"[727].  She married secondly (contract 10 Jan 1337) Hugo Graf von Buchegg (-20 May 1347).  “Rodulphus comes et dominus Novi Castri” granted property to “Hugo comes de Boeka” in consideration of his marriage to “dominam Margaretam de Novo Castro...filiam nostram” by charter dated 10 Jan 1337[728].  “Ludovicus comes et dominus Novi Castri” sold property to “sorori nostre...Marguerite de Novo Castro comitisse de Boeka” by charter dated 20 May 1343[729].  The necrology of Fraubrunnen records the death "XI Kal Sep" of "Frouw Margret von Buochegg"[730].  The necrology of Fraubrunnen records the death "XIII Kal Jun" of "Herr Hugo ein graf von Buochegg"[731]

b)         EBERHARD [II] ([1299]-17 Apr 1357).  The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis names "duo fratres de Kyburg, Hartmannus et Eberhardus clericus, nepotes ex filio quondam Eberhardi de Habsburg, filii sororis Conradi comitis Friburgensis"[732].  Lived in Bologna 1316.  Provost at Ansoldingen 1316/23.  Canon at Strasbourg Cathedral 1318.  Canon at Köln Cathedral.  He succeeded his brother in 1322 as Graf von Kiburg, Landgraf in Burgund.    

          -        see below

c)         KATHARINA (-8 Dec after 10 Jan 1342).  Leopold Duke of Austria confirmed property to his “oheimen graven Hartmanne und graven Eberhardte von Kyburg gebrüderen und Catharinen ir schwester” by charter dated 1 Aug 1313[733].  “Katherina grafen Hartmans...tochter von Kiburg grafen Albrechtes von Werdenberg...frowe” sold property to Rodolphe Comte de Neuchâtel Herr zu Nidau by charter dated 20 Dec 1323[734].  “Katherina grafen Hartmans...tochter von Kiburg grafen Albrechtes von Werdemberg...frowe” confirmed the previous sale by charter dated 13 Mar 1325[735].  “Elisabet grevin von Kiburg frowe ze Oltingen” donated serfs to Gottstatt monastery, with the consent of “unser kinden her Eberharz grafen von Kyburg und fro Katherinen von Werdenberg” by charter dated 10 Jan 1342[736]m ALBRECHT [I] Graf von Werdenberg in Bludenz Montafon und Heiligenberg-Rheinegg (-1364). 

2.         MARGARETA (-10 Apr [1333]).  Her parentage is hinted by the charter dated 7 Mar 1291 under which "Rudolfus…Romanorum rex" confirmed that "Theodericus comes Clevensis…Margarete suo…coniugi…nostre consanguine" renounced rights to customs revenues[737].  Her family origin is confirmed by the charter dated 22 Oct 1298 under which "Diderich Luf van Cleve, here van Hilkerode inde van Thoneburch, inde Elizabet unse wif" bought the Herrlichkeit of Hülchrath from "unsen bruder…heren Diederich den greven van Cleve, inde vore Margareten van Kiburch sinen…wive"[738].  Canoness at Bedburg 1318.  m (Erfurt 14 Jul 1290) as his second wife, DIETRICH [VI] Graf von Kleve, son of DIETRICH [V] Graf von Kleve & his wife Aleidis von Heinsberg [Sponheim] ([1256/57]-4 Oct 1305).

Graf Eberhard [I] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

3.          PETER .  Vogt zu Oltingen.  1301.

 

 

EBERHARD [II] von Kiburg, son of HARTMANN [I] Graf von Kiburg [Habsburg] & his wife Elisabeth von Freiburg ([1299]-17 Apr 1357).  The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis names "duo fratres de Kyburg, Hartmannus et Eberhardus clericus, nepotes ex filio quondam Eberhardi de Habsburg, filii sororis Conradi comitis Friburgensis"[739].  Lived in Bologna 1316.  Provost at Ansoldingen 1316/23.  Canon at Strasbourg Cathedral 1318.  Canon at Köln Cathedral.  He succeeded his brother in 1322 as Graf von Kiburg, Landgraf in Burgund. 

m ([30 Nov 1325/16 Jan 1326]) ANASTASIA von Signau, daughter of ULRICH von Signau & his wife Anastasia von Buchegg.  The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis records that "Eberhardus" married "Susannam filiam Ulrici domini in Sygenowe, filiam sororis Moguntini"[740].  1363.  1382. 

Graf Eberhard [II] & his wife had eleven children: 

1.         EBERHARD [III] (1328-Basel 14 Jul 1395).  He succeeded his father in 1357 as Graf von Kiburg.  Provost at Ansoldingen 1333/1392.  Canon at Strasbourg Cathedral 1347/1387.  Canon at Basel Cathedral 1350.  Cathedral Pförtner at Strasbourg 1366.  Provost at Solothurn 1368/1395.  

2.         [son .  The identity of this son is not known, but he was presumably one of his parents´ older children who are named in this document.  Betrothed ([May 1335]) to --- de Gruyère, daughter of PIERRE de Gruyère Seigneur de Vanel & his wife Marguerite de Corbières.  "Petrus comes et dominus Gruerie et Petrus de Grueria miles eius nepos dominus de Vanello" held harmless "vir nobilis W. dominus de Yllans et de Arconciey" for a debt guaranteed by the latter relating to the dowry of "unius filiarum ipsarum dicti Petri de Grueria domini de Vanello" for her marriage to "uno filiorum…domini Eberhardi comitis de Kiburg, Burgundie lantgravii", by charter dated end Mar 1335[741].] 

3.         EGON [I] .  Canon at Strasbourg Cathedral 1347/1363.  Canon at Konstanz Cathedral 1356.  Archdeacon and postulate at Strasbourg Cathedral 1365.  

4.         EBERHARD [IV] der Jüngere (-[before 12 Jul 1372]).  Lived in Bologna 1342. Canon at Strasbourg Cathedral 1356/1371, Cathedral Pförtner 1361/66 and 1371.

5.         HARTMANN [III] (-29 Mar 1377).  He succeeded in [1360] as Graf von Kiburg, Landgraf in Burgundy.  m (before 16 Nov 1356) ANNE de Neuchâtel-Nidau, daughter of RODOLPHE [III] de Neuchâtel Seigneur de Nidau & his wife --- (-[31 May] ----).  1347/1400.  The necrology of Fraubrunnen records the death "II Kal Jun" of "Frouw Anna gräfin von Kiburg"[742], although it is not known whether this entry refers to Anna wife of Graf Hartmann III.  Hartmann [III] & his wife had seven children: 

a)         RUDOLF [II] (-[5 May 1383/5 Apr 1384]).  Herr zu Nidau 1375.  He succeeded his father in 1377 as Graf von Kiburg, Landgraf in Burgundy. 

b)         EBERHARD [V] (-[before 1 Feb 1379).  He succeeded his father in 1377 as Graf von Kiburg.

c)         EGON [II] (-Bern [10 Aug/1 Nov] 1414).  He succeeded his father in 1377 as Graf von Kiburg.  Burger at Bern.  Canon at Basel Cathedral 1383/92.  He sold the Burgundian Landgrafschaft 27 Aug 1406.  m (before 3 Feb 1407) as her second husband, JOHANNA von Rappoltstein Dame de Magnières, widow of VOLMAR von Geroldseck am Wasichen, daughter of BRUNO [I] Herr von Rappoltstein & his wife ---.  Dame de Saint-Dizier 1408.  1416.  Graf Egon [II] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

i)           RUDOLF von Kiburg .  Priest at Ober-Kiburg 1401.

d)         JOHANN [II] (-31 Jul 1395).  Teutonic Knight 1387.  Canon at Basel Cathedral 1394.

e)         HARTMANN [IV] .  He succeeded his father as Graf von Kiburg, Landgraf in Burgundy.  Knight of the Order of St John.  1379/1401. 

f)          VERENA (-[2 Sep ----], after 16 Aug 1416, bur Balingen).  The necrology of Fraubrunnen records the death "IV Non Sep" of "Frow Verena von Kyburg"[743].  It is not known whether this refers to the wife of Graf Friedrich [V] von Zollern but this is probable as no other person of this name has so far been identified in the family of the Grafen von Kiburg.  However, it is recognised that the entry would be unusual in not referring to her married title.  m (before 1372) FRIEDRICH [V] gt Mülli Graf von Zollern in Schalksberg, son of FRIEDRICH [III] Graf von Zollern Herr zu Schalksberg und Mulheim & his wife Sophia von Schlüsselberg (-1 Apr 1408, bur Balingen).

g)         MARGARETA (-before 20 Feb 1397)m (before 8 Jan 1370) THÜRING [III] von Brandis Herr von Simmenegg (-killed in battle [8 Aug/3 Nov] 1375).

Graf Hartmann [III] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

h)         BERCHTOLD Graf  .  Priest at Sursee.  1396/1434

6.         JOHANN (-Jul 1391).  Canon at Strasbourg Cathedral 1359, Provost 1362/87.  Imprisoned at Strasbourg 1371.  Canon at Basel Cathedral 1380, Archdeacon 1381/91.

7.         BERCHTOLD (after 3 Aug 1417).  Landgraf in Burgundy 1383.  Burger at Bern 1406.

8.         RUDOLF [I] .  1404.  Teutonic Knight.

9.         KONRAD [IV] (-17 Apr 1402).  Teutonic Knight 1375.  Canon at Balga, Vogt von Natangen 1393/4.  Canon at Elbing 1401.

10.      SUSANNE (-after 30 Nov 1390). Nun at Säckingen 1363. 

11.      ELISABETH .  Nun in Eschau 1363.

12.      MARGARETE .  1381.  m (after 14 Jul 1363) EMICH [VI] Graf von Leiningen-Dagsburg und Hartenburg (-before 17 Feb 1381). 

 

 

 

D.      GRAFEN von TOGGENBURG

 

 

DIETHELM [I] von Toggenburg (-after 1044).  “...Diethelm et filii eius Berchtoldt et Uodalrich de Toccanburg...” witnessed the charter dated [14 Apr/4 Jun] 1044 under which “Hunfredus...Argentinensis ecclesie canonia nutritus...” donated property to the church of Strasbourg[744]m ---.  The name of Diethelm's wife is not known.  Diethelm [I] & his wife had two children: 

1.         BERTHOLD von Toggenburg (-after 1044).  “...Diethelm et filii eius Berchtoldt et Uodalrich de Toccanburg...” witnessed the charter dated [14 Apr/4 Jun] 1044 under which “Hunfredus...Argentinensis ecclesie canonia nutritus...” donated property to the church of Strasbourg[745]

2.         ULRICH von Toggenburg (-after 1044).  “...Diethelm et filii eius Berchtoldt et Uodalrich de Toccanburg...” witnessed the charter dated [14 Apr/4 Jun] 1044 under which “Hunfredus...Argentinensis ecclesie canonia nutritus...” donated property to the church of Strasbourg[746]

 

 

1.         FOLKNAND (-killed in battle 1081).  A chronicle of St. Gallen records that "nobili milite Folcnanco" was killed in battle when St. Gallen was attacked by papal and imperial forces, dated to 1081[747]

 

2.         DIETHELM [II] von Toggenburg (-after 14 Mar 1102).  “Burkardi comitis de Nellenburg advocati eiusdem monasterii, Gerung de Stuelinga, Dietelm de Toggenburg...” witnessed the charter dated 27 Dec 1083 under which “Gozbert...” donated property to Kloster Schaffhausen[748].  “Berhtoldi comitis de Marstetin, Diethalmi de Tockinburch...” witnessed the charter dated 14 Mar 1102 under which Berthold Herzog von Zähringen renounced rights to property exchanged in Schaffhausen[749]

 

3.         --- von Toggenburg .  m IRMENGARD, daughter of --- (-Jan ----).  The Liber Vitæ of Einsiedeln records the donation made in Jan by “Irmengardis de Toggenburg[750].   

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         DIETHELM [III] von Toggenburg (-after [1125/36]).  “...Thietelmus de Tochenburch...” witnessed the charter dated 8 Jan 1125 under which Emperor Heinrich V granted freedoms to Kloster St. Blasius[751].  Konrad III King of Germany confirmed property of Kloster Oberzell, donated durimg the reign of Emperor Lothar III by "Bertholdus...clericus...suum fratrem Ludolfum de Stulingen...matre predictorum fratrum Cuneza...cum fratre suo Diethalmo de Tokenburc", by charter dated 21 Nov 1146[752]

2.         CUNIZA (-after [1125/36]).  Konrad III King of Germany confirmed property of Kloster Oberzell, donated durimg the reign of Emperor Lothar III by "Bertholdus...clericus...suum fratrem Ludolfum de Stulingen...matre predictorum fratrum Cuneza...cum fratre suo Diethalmo de Tokenburc", by charter dated 21 Nov 1146[753]m --- von Stühlingen, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         DIETHELM [IV] von Toggenburg (-after 1176).  He is named in the source quoted below which records his marriage.  “Dux Welfo, advoc. Chonr., Thiethelm de Tochemburg...” witnessed the charter dated 1176 which records property granted to Ulrich and his son Pilgerin[754]m as her first husband, ITA von Thierstein, daughter of WERNER [I] Graf von Thierstein und Homberg & his wife --- von Zollern (-19 Aug [1200]).  A 13th century genealogy names (in order) "Werenherum comitum et Itam" as children of "Werinhero comiti" & his wife "[filiam Burchardi comitis de Zolre]", specifying that Ita married firstly "Dyetalmo de Tokkenburch" (whose son was "Dyetalmum") and secondly "Gotfrido de Mar"[755].  She married secondly Gottfried Graf von Marstetten.  Diethelm [IV] & his wife had one child: 

a)         DIETHELM [V] von Toggenburg (-4 Jan 1205 or 5 Jan 1207).  A 13th century genealogy names "Dyetalmum" as the son of "Dyetalmo de Tokkenburch" who married "Itam"[756].  “Diethelmus de Togginburch” donated “curiam meam et ecclesiam de Bubinchon” to the Knights of St. John by charter dated to [30 Mar 1191/8 Jan 1198][757].  “D. homo libere conditionis” requested Pope Innocent III for protection over his foundation of the Knights of St. John at Bubikon by charter dated to [1198/8 Jan 1206][758].  A 15th century monumental inscription at Bubikon records the death “A. D. MCCVIINon Jan” (could be interpreted either as 4 Jan 1205 or 5 Jan 1207) of “nobilis dominus comes Diethelmus de Toggenburg primus fundator huius domus[759].  

 

 

[Two] brothers: 

1.         DIETHELM [VI] von Toggenburg (-[1228/29])Graf von Toggenburg.  "Hugo miles civis Constanciensis vulgo dictus de Biunde" renewed his donation of property to Kloster St. Johann im Turtal, in the presence of “domini sui comitis Diethalmi de Togginburch”, by charter dated 7 Apr 1210[760].  The abbot of St. Gallen granted land “in Hubwison”, donated by “comes Diethelmus de Tokenburch...cum Friderico fratre suo”, to the Knights of St. John at Bubikon by charter dated 1217[761].  Konrad Bishop of Konstanz confirmed that “Diethelmus comes senior de Toggenburck ac filius ipsius Diethelmus” had donated property to the Knights of St. John, with the consent of “Diethelmus, Bertoldus, Krafto, Rudolfus filii Diethelmi iunioris comitis”, to the Knights of St. John at Bubikon by charter dated [1 Jan/23 Sep] 1228[762].  A charter dated to [mid-1232/mid-1234] records that "felicis...memorie Diethelmus quondam comes de Toggenburc...cum uxore sua pie recordationis Guota" had donated “castrum suum Toggenburc...et villam suam...Wila” to St Gallen, that “filius Diethelmus comes junior” had unjustly recovered the property, and that a settlement was reached following the arbitration of “dominus Gotefridus de Hohenloh[763]m GUOTA von Rapperswil, daughter of ULRICH von Rapperswil zu Wandelburg & his wife --- (-24 Nov, 1227 or after).  "Diethalmus de Togginburch comes…cum fratre suo Friderico et matre sua Guota comitissa" donated property to St Gallen by charter dated 29 Mar 1214[764].  The book of anniversaries of St Gall records "VIII Kal Dec" the death of "Guotun de Tokinburc com" who donated property "cum viro suo comite Diethelmus, post occisionem filii sui Friderici…ecclesie nostre Tokinburc et civitatem Wile"[765].  A charter dated to [mid-1232/mid-1234] records that "felicis...memorie Diethelmus quondam comes de Toggenburc...cum uxore sua pie recordationis Guota" had donated “castrum suum Toggenburc...et villam suam...Wila” to St Gallen, that “filius Diethelmus comes junior” had unjustly recovered the property, and that a settlement was reached following the arbitration of “dominus Gotefridus de Hohenloh[766].  Diethelm [VI] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         DIETHELM [VII] von Toggenburg (-25 Jan 1235).  The chronicle of Conradi de Fabaria names "duo fratres originem a castro Toggenburg…filii Diethelmi comitis, Diethelmum et Fridericum iuniorem"[767]Graf von Toggenburg

-        see below

b)         FRIEDRICH [II] von Toggenburg (-murdered Schloß Rengerswil 12 Dec 1226, bur St Gallen).  The chronicle of Conradi de Fabaria names "duo fratres originem a castro Toggenburg…filii Diethelmi comitis, Diethelmum et Fridericum iuniorem", referring to Friedrich as "neoptolemus in curia Friderici imperatoris iungi" and recording that he was murdered by his older brother[768].  "Diethalmus de Togginburch comes…cum fratre suo Friderico et matre sua Guota comitissa" donated property to St Gallen by charter dated 29 Mar 1214[769].  The necrology of St Gall records the death "II Id Dec 1226" of "Friderici comitis de Tokinburc occisi a proprio fratre"[770]Betrothed ([1226]) to --- von Montfort, daughter of HUGO [I] Graf von Montfort & his wife ---.  The chronicle of Conradi de Fabaria records the betrothal of of "[filium] Diethelmi comitis, Fridericum" and "filiam comitis Hugonis", dated to [1226] from the context[771]

c)         [HEINRICH (-1274 or after).  Master of the Knights of St John im Elsass und Breisgau 1252.  Master of the Knights of St John in Oberdeutschland 1257.  Komtur at Bubikon 1259/63.  Komtur at Neuenburg am Rhein 1271.] 

2.         [FRIEDRICH [I] von Toggenburg (-after 1217).  The abbot of St. Gallen granted land “in Hubwison”, donated by “comes Diethelmus de Tokenburch...cum Friderico fratre suo”, to the Knights of St. John at Bubikon by charter dated 1217[772].  It is unclear whether this document refers to Diethelm [VI] or Diethelm [VII], and therefore whether Friedrich [I] was in fact the same person as Friedrich [II].] 

 

 

DIETHELM [VII] von Toggenburg, son of DIETHELM [VI] Graf von Toggenburg & his wife Guota von Rapperswil (-25 Jan 1235).  The chronicle of Conradi de Fabaria names "duo fratres originem a castro Toggenburg…filii Diethelmi comitis, Diethelmum et Fridericum iuniorem"[773].  "Hugo comes de Monteforti et carnalis frater eius Rudolfus…palatinus Tüwingen et mater eorum" donated property to St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jun 1209, witnessed by "…comes Diethalmus junior de Togginburg…"[774]Graf von Toggenburg.  "Diethalmus de Togginburch comes…cum fratre suo Friderico et matre sua Guota comitissa" donated property to St Gallen by charter dated 29 Mar 1214[775].  The chronicle of Conradi de Fabaria records that Diethelm [VII] murdered his younger brother Friedrich in 1226[776].  Konrad Bishop of Konstanz confirmed that “Diethelmus comes senior de Toggenburck ac filius ipsius Diethelmus” had donated property to the Knights of St. John, with the consent of “Diethelmus, Bertoldus, Krafto, Rudolfus filii Diethelmi iunioris comitis”, to the Knights of St. John at Bubikon by charter dated [1 Jan/23 Sep] 1228[777].  “Diethalmus comes de Tokenburc” donated property “in Bollingen” to Kloster Rüti, with the consent of “uxoris et filiorum meorum”, by charter dated 1229[778].  The reference to his wife and sons in this document suggests that it refers to Diethelm [VII] not Diethelm [VI].  A charter dated to [mid-1232/mid-1234] records that "felicis...memorie Diethelmus quondam comes de Toggenburc...cum uxore sua pie recordationis Guota" had donated “castrum suum Toggenburc...et villam suam...Wila” to St Gallen, that “filius Diethelmus comes junior” had unjustly recovered the property, and that a settlement was reached following the arbitration of “dominus Gotefridus de Hohenloh[779].  A manuscript records the following deaths: “Diethelmus comes de Togginburc...in conversione Pauli Apostoli, Diehthelmus filius suus...post Verene tercio die, Krafto filius suus...in festo Margarete virginis, Juliana filia sua...ante Verene virginis tercio die, Pertoldus filius...in nativitate beate Marie virginis, Margareta...Gregorii Martiris, Agnese...in Epiphania[780].   

m (before 31 Jan 1221) GERTRUDE de Neuchâtel, daughter of ULRIC [IV] Comte de Neuchâtel & his wife Jolanthe von Urach (-1260 before 22 Mar, bur Bubikon).  The chronicle of Conradi de Fabaria records that "[filium] Diethelmi comitis, Diethelmum" married "filiam comitis de Castro-novo" against the wishes of his father[781].  The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis records that "Ulricus comitis Novicastri" had "multas filias" who married "dominis de Toggenburg, de Falkenstein, de Rötellein, de Regensberg, de Grandisono"[782].  “Guerdrudis cometissa de Togueburch...per manum filiorum nostrorum Friderici et Willelmi” donated property to Kloster Gottstatt by charter dated 25 Nov 1255, in the presence of “filiorum nostrorum Ruodolfi abbatis Sancti Johannis et Friderici supradicti...Ruodolfo fratri nostro comite Novicastri[783]

Diethelm [VII] & his wife had children: 

1.         DIETHELM [VIII] von Toggenburg (-4 Sep 1248).  Konrad Bishop of Konstanz confirmed that “Diethelmus comes senior de Toggenburck ac filius ipsius Diethelmus” had donated property to the Knights of St. John, with the consent of “Diethelmus, Bertoldus, Krafto, Rudolfus filii Diethelmi iunioris comitis”, to the Knights of St. John at Bubikon by charter dated [1 Jan/23 Sep] 1228[784]Graf von Toggenburg.  A manuscript records the following deaths: “Diethelmus comes de Togginburc...in conversione Pauli Apostoli, Diehthelmus filius suus...post Verene tercio die...[785]

2.         BERTHOLD von Toggenburg (-8 Sep before 1256).  Konrad Bishop of Konstanz confirmed that “Diethelmus comes senior de Toggenburck ac filius ipsius Diethelmus” had donated property to the Knights of St. John, with the consent of “Diethelmus, Bertoldus, Krafto, Rudolfus filii Diethelmi iunioris comitis”, to the Knights of St. John at Bubikon by charter dated [1 Jan/23 Sep] 1228[786].  A manuscript records the following deaths: “Diethelmus comes de Togginburc...in conversione Pauli Apostoli...Pertoldus filius...in nativitate beate Marie virginis[787].  

3.         KRAFT von Toggenburg (-15 Jul [1249/54]).  Konrad Bishop of Konstanz confirmed that “Diethelmus comes senior de Toggenburck ac filius ipsius Diethelmus” had donated property to the Knights of St. John, with the consent of “Diethelmus, Bertoldus, Krafto, Rudolfus filii Diethelmi iunioris comitis”, to the Knights of St. John at Bubikon by charter dated [1 Jan/23 Sep] 1228[788]Graf von Toggenburg.  A manuscript records the following deaths: “Diethelmus comes de Togginburc...in conversione Pauli Apostoli...post Verene tercio die, Krafto filius suus...[789]

-        GRAFEN von TOGGENBURG[790]

4.         JULIANA von Toggenburg (-30 Aug ----).  A manuscript records the following deaths: “Diethelmus comes de Togginburc...in conversione Pauli Apostoli...Juliana filia sua...ante Verene virginis tercio die...[791]

5.         RUDOLF von Toggenburg (-after 25 Nov 1255).  Konrad Bishop of Konstanz confirmed that “Diethelmus comes senior de Toggenburck ac filius ipsius Diethelmus” had donated property to the Knights of St. John, with the consent of “Diethelmus, Bertoldus, Krafto, Rudolfus filii Diethelmi iunioris comitis”, to the Knights of St. John at Bubikon by charter dated [1 Jan/23 Sep] 1228[792].  “Guerdrudis cometissa de Togueburch...per manum filiorum nostrorum Friderici et Willelmi” donated property to Kloster Gottstatt by charter dated 25 Nov 1255, in the presence of “filiorum nostrorum Ruodolfi abbatis Sancti Johannis et Friderici supradicti...Ruodolfo fratri nostro comite Novicastri[793]

6.         FRIEDRICH von Toggenburg .  “Guerdrudis cometissa de Togueburch...per manum filiorum nostrorum Friderici et Willelmi” donated property to Kloster Gottstatt by charter dated 25 Nov 1255, in the presence of “filiorum nostrorum Ruodolfi abbatis Sancti Johannis et Friderici supradicti...Ruodolfo fratri nostro comite Novicastri[794]

7.         WILHELM von Toggenburg .  “Guerdrudis cometissa de Togueburch...per manum filiorum nostrorum Friderici et Willelmi” donated property to Kloster Gottstatt by charter dated 25 Nov 1255, in the presence of “filiorum nostrorum Ruodolfi abbatis Sancti Johannis et Friderici supradicti...Ruodolfo fratri nostro comite Novicastri[795]

8.         MARGARETA von Toggenburg (-12 Mar ----).  A manuscript records the following deaths: “Diethelmus comes de Togginburc...in conversione Pauli Apostoli...Margareta...Gregorii Martiris...[796]

9.         AGNES von Toggenburg (-6 Jan ----).  A manuscript records the following deaths: “Diethelmus comes de Togginburc...in conversione Pauli Apostoli...Agnese...in Epiphania[797]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    GRAFEN in CHUR-RÄTIEN

 

 

The area of Chur-Rätien lay south of Rheingau, in what is today the Swiss canton of Graubünden.  An early reference to the county of Chur is provided by the bull of Pope Leo III dated 14 May 779 issued to Kloster Pfeffers “in comitatu Curiensi[798].  The early history of the county is obscure, the surviving primary sources including insufficient data to confirm an unbroken succession of counts between the 9th and early 11th centuries.  After the late 11th century, the county of Chur-Rhätien was held by the Grafen von Bregenz (see Chapter 5.A). 

 

 

1.         HUNFRID [I], son of --- (-808 or after)Marchese in Istria 799.  Pope Leo III wrote a letter to Emperor Charlemagne dated 806 which names “missi vestry Helmengaudus…atque Hunfridus…comites[799].  Graf in Rätien 806/808.  m ---.  The name of Hunfrid's wife is not known.  Jackman quotes the Memorial book of Reichenau which lists (in order) "Hunfridus, Hitta, Adelpreht, Odalrih, Hunfrid, Liutsind, Hitta, Imma, Aba", whom he links with the family of Hunfried, and the Memorial book of St Gallen which lists the same persons with Robert, whom he identifies as son of Udalrich [I], deducing that "Hitta" was the wife of Hunfried [I] and sister of Robert, therefore Hidda, daughter of Udalrich [I] [Udalrichinger] & his wife ---[800].  Graf Hunfrid [I] & his wife had [seven] children: 

a)         [ADALBERT [I] (-killed in battle Retiense 13 May 841).  Jackman quotes the Memorial book of Reichenau which lists (in order) "Hunfridus, Hitta, Adelpreht, Odalrih, Hunfrid, Liutsind, Hitta, Imma, Aba", whom he identifies as Hunfried, his wife, their three sons and possible four daughters[801].  Graf im Thurgau [836]/[838].  "Hludowicum regem" donated Abersee to Kloster Mondsee by charter dated 829 by the intervention of "Ernosto et Adalperto"[802].  The Gesta Francorum names "Adalberti comitis" in 839 and records his death in battle "in Retiense…841 III Id Mai"[803].  Although it is not certain that the latter two entries relate to Adalbert [I], the reference to "Retiense" connects with "Rätien" where Adalbert's supposed father was Count.]  m ---.  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.  Graf Adalbert [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          UDALRICH (-[before 15 May 857]).  The Translatio sanguinis Domini names Udalrich as son of Adalbert [I][804].  Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks donated property to deacon Adalhelm which was previously in "comitatum Adelhelmi comitis…in pago Durgouue in locis…Bussenanc et Uuichrammesuuilare" which "temporibus Odelric comitis post illum Adelhelmi comitis in benefitium habuit" by charter dated 15 May 857[805], which suggests that Udalrich Graf im Thurgau had died before the date of the charter, his lands passing to Adalhelm, probably a relative. 

b)         [UDALRICH .  Jackman quotes the Memorial book of Reichenau which lists (in order) "Hunfridus, Hitta, Adelpreht, Odalrih, Hunfrid, Liutsind, Hitta, Imma, Aba", whom he identifies as Hunfried, his wife, their three sons and possible four daughters609same person as…?  UDALRICH .  Marquis of Septimania [Gothie].  This co-identity is suggested by Jackman[806]

c)         [HUNFRID [II] (-824 or after).  Jackman quotes the Memorial book of Reichenau which lists (in order) "Hunfridus, Hitta, Adelpreht, Odalrih, Hunfrid, Liutsind, Hitta, Imma, Aba", whom he identifies as Hunfried, his wife, their three sons and possible four daughters609.  Graf in Rätien 823/824.  Einhard's Annales name "Adalungus abbas monasterii sancti Vedasti et Hunfridus comes Curiensis" as missi to "Liudemuhslum avunculum Bornæ ducis"[807].  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Adalungum…abbatum et presbyterum et Hunfridum qui erat dux super Redicam" as the emperor's missi sent to Rome, dated to 823[808].  Founder of Schänis.] 

d)         [LIUTSWIND .  Jackman quotes the Memorial book of Reichenau which lists (in order) "Hunfridus, Hitta, Adelpreht, Odalrih, Hunfrid, Liutsind, Hitta, Imma, Aba", whom he identifies as Hunfried, his wife, their three sons and possible four daughters[809].] 

e)         [HITTA .  Jackman quotes the Memorial book of Reichenau which lists (in order) "Hunfridus, Hitta, Adelpreht, Odalrih, Hunfrid, Liutsind, Hitta, Imma, Aba", whom he identifies as Hunfried, his wife, their three sons and possible four daughters[810].] 

f)          [IMMA .  Jackman quotes the Memorial book of Reichenau which lists (in order) "Hunfridus, Hitta, Adelpreht, Odalrih, Hunfrid, Liutsind, Hitta, Imma, Aba", whom he identifies as Hunfried, his wife, their three sons and possible four daughters[811].] 

g)         [ABA .  Jackman quotes the Memorial book of Reichenau which lists (in order) "Hunfridus, Hitta, Adelpreht, Odalrih, Hunfrid, Liutsind, Hitta, Imma, Aba", whom he identifies as Hunfried, his wife, their three sons and possible four daughters[812].] 

 

 

1.         RODERICH (-after 831).  Graf in Rätien: Victor Bishop of Chur complained to Emperor Louis I about the predations of “Aroderico et suo pravo socio Herloino post acceptum comitatum facta est” by charter dated to [821][813].  Emperor Louis I restored property to Victor Bishop of Chur which had been appropriated by “comite nostro...Rodorico...infra provinciam Retia” by charter dated 25 Jul 825[814].  Emperor Louis I restored property to Kloster Pfeffers which had been appropriated by “comite...Rodericum” by charter dated 831 "villam Tatinriet" in "oppidum"[815]

 

2.         ROCHAR (-after 12 Jun 849).  Graf [in Rätien]: Ludwig II King of Germany confirmed privileges, granted to the bishopric of Chur by his father Emperor Louis I after the invasions of “comite...Hrodericum”, after investigations carried out by Bernold Bishop of Strasbourg “Gotafridum sancti Gregorii monasterii abbatem...et Hrocharium comitem”, by charter dated 12 Jun 849[816]

 

 

1.         ADALBERT [II] "der Erlauchte" (-9 Jan [900] or after 24 Jun 903).  Europäische Stammtafeln suggests that Adalbert [II] was the possible son of Adalbert [I] (see above)[817].  Assuming that he was a descendant of Hunfrid [I] (and the family names suggest that this is likely), he could have been the son of any of the possible sons and daughters of Hunfrid who are named above.  "Ludowicus…rex" confirmed two exchanges between Hartmut abbot of St Gallen and "Adelbertus comes" of (firstly) a church in Filsingen "in suo comitatu…Scherra in loco…Filisininga" for farming land and (secondly) farming land "in suo comitatu…Durgauge in loco Turbatun" for property in Wizzinwang both charters dated 3 [Apr] 875[818].  A charter dated 1 May 879 recording a donation to St Gallen is dated to "sub Uadelricho et Adalberto comitibus"[819].  Charters dated 10 Dec 882, 16 May 885 and 897 recording donations to St Gallen similarly name "Adalberto comitem"[820].  "Arnolfus…rex" donated property "in pago Scerra in comitatu Adalebrti in loco Nuspilinga" to "capellano nostro…Elolfo" by charter dated 20 Jan 889[821].  Graf im Alpgau 854/885.  Graf im Thurgau 855/893.  "Arnolfus…rex" donated property "in pago Perahtoltespara…in villa Esginga que ad comitatum Adalperti qui Skerra dicitur…pertinebant" previously owned by "A[da]lpertus…comes" to Kloster Reichenau by charter dated 5 Jun 889[822].  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in pago Turgouue in comitatu Adalperti in villis Utteuuilare et Rihchinbahc" to "Alberico Adalperti…vassallo" by charter dated 20 Jun 889[823].  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in pago Turgouue in comitatu Adalperti in villa Kachanang" to "fideli nostro Deothelm" by charter dated 4 Dec 889[824].  "Arnolfus…rex" commanded "Adalberto, Perehtolto, Purgharto, Vodalrico et cunctis regni istius primatibus" to grant rights to Kloster St Gallen by an undated charter, placed in the compilation among charters dated [891/92][825].  Graf im Osten der Bertoldsbaar 868/889.  Graf im Hegau 882/888.  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jun 903 in which among "fidelium nostrum" was listed "comites…Adalpreht…"[826]m ---.  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.  Graf Adalbert [II] & his wife had three children: 

a)         BURKHARD [I] (-killed in battle [5 Nov] 911).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Marchio in Rätien 891/911.  Graf in der Baar 893.  He succeeded in 909 as BURKHARD I Duke of Swabia

-        DUKES of SWABIA

b)         ADALBERT [III] (-killed in battle 911).  The Annales Alamannicorum record that "Adalbertus frater eius [=Purghart comes et princeps Alamannorum]" was killed in 911 at "ecclesie Salamonis"[827].  Graf im Thurgau 894/910.  Graf im Klettgau 901/902. 

c)         MANEGOLD .  Pope John VIII names "Manegoldum filium Adelberti" in a letter addressed to "Carolo regis" dated 879[828]

 

 

1.         HUNFRID [III] (-after 876)Europäische Stammtafeln suggests that Hunfrid [III] was the possible son of Adalbert [I] (see above)[829].  Assuming that he was a descendant of Hunfrid [I] (and the family names suggest that this is likely), he could have been the son of any of the possible sons and daughters of Hunfrid who are named above.  A document of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 21 Mar 858 is subscribed by "Hungarius, Engilramnus, Isembardus, Odo, Osbertus, Ratbodus, Hunfridus, Odalricus, Rhodulfus, Engilschalcus, Herluinus, Hitto"[830]Marquis of Septimania: Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks donated property "in pago Narbonensi…in villa Ripa-alta" to "fidelem…Isembertum" at the request of "Humfridi…comitis et marchionis", by charter dated 20 Jun 859[831].  An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of Germany dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus"[832].  The Annales Bertiniani record that "Hunfridus Gothiæ marchio" expelled Comte Raymond from Toulouse in 863[833].  He fled to Italy in 864, then Swabia[834].  Graf im Zürichgau 872/76. 

 

 

The parentage of the following individual is not known, but it is likely that he was related to the Hunfriding family as explained below: 

1.         ADALHELM (-after 12 Apr 858).  Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks donated property to deacon Adalhelm which was previously in "comitatum Adelhelmi comitis…in pago Durgouue in locis…Bussenanc et Uuichrammesuuilare" which "temporibus Odelric comitis post illum Adelhelmi comitis in benefitium habuit" by charter dated 15 May 857[835].  It appears from this charter that Adalhelm had succeeded his predecessor, Udalrich probably a close relative, as Graf im Thurgau.  It is probable that deacon Adalhelm was a close relative of Graf Adalhelm.  Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks granted property to Wolvene for life and after his death to Kloster Rheinau "in ducatu Alemannico in pago Turgauue videlicet comitatu Adalhelmi" by charter dated 12 Apr 858[836].  This charter provides one of the few examples of a pagus being co-extensive with a county in the 9th century. 

 

 

1.         BERTHOLD (-after 9 Apr 930).  Graf [in Chur].  "Chuonradus…rex" made donations by charter dated 5 Mar 912 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Sigihardi, Arnolfi, Erchangarii, Odalrici, Perchtoldi, Chuonradi, Herimanni, Luitfredi atque Iringi"[837].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property to Diotolf Bishop of Chur on the advice of "Erchangarii comitis palatii, Perahtoldi, Chuonradi, Henrici" by charter dated 25 Sep 912[838].  Heinrich I King of Germany donated “ecclesiam...in valle Einiatina in comitatu Bertholdi comitis nostri in vico Sindes...decimis” to the church of St. Florin at Remüs, at the request of “comitis nostri Arnolfi”, by charter dated 9 Apr 930[839]m ---.  The name of Berthold's wife is not known.  Berthold & his wife had one child:

a)         ADALBERT (-killed 954).  The Annales Sangallenses record that "Adalbert filius Perehctoldi et Arnolfus filius Arnolfi ducis" were killed in 954[840]

 

 

1.         UDALRICH [VI] [Outzo], son of Graf UDALRICH [V] & his wife Wundelgart --- (-25 Aug [950/57], bur Lindau Frauenkloster)Graf in Rätien:  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "Luminius in pago Curiensi in comitatu Udalrici comitis" to Waldo Bishop of Chur by charter dated 3 Nov 926[841].  "Otto…rex" confirmed the rights and privileges of Kloster Pfävers including property "in pago Retia…in comitatu Odalrrici comitis" by charter dated 9 Feb 950[842]

 

2.         ADALBERT [I] (-after 29 Oct 980).  Graf in Rätien: "Otto…rex" donated property "in Recia Curiensi in comitatu Adalberti comitis" to the church of Chur by charter dated 16 Jan 958[843].  "Otto…rex" granted the church at Pfeffikon "in ducatu Alemaniæ in pago Zurichgeuua in comitatu Luitonis comitis…et in provincia Rhætiæ Curiensis in comitatu Adalberti comitis in villa Amadeo" to the monks of Disentis by charter dated 16 May 960[844].  "Otto…imperator augustus" made donations "in comitatu Zurichgau…loca…in comitatu Adelberti Retia" to Kloster Einsiedeln by charter dated 23 Jan 965[845].  "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property "in pago Thureguoe in comitatu Burchardi comitis" to "Kloster Disentis in pago Curiorum in comitatu Adelberti comitis" by charter dated 12 Apr 965[846].  Otto II King of Germany confirmed property of Kloster Disentis, including property “in pago Raetiae in comitatu Adalberti comitis in loco Amedes”, by charter dated 4 Jul 976[847].  "Otto…imperator augustus" made donations "in pago Mundericheshundera in comitatu Hartmanni in villis Thiethereschiricha et Pargdorf et in pago Nibilgouue in vico Suarcensee in comitatu Adelberti et in pago Ringouue in comitatu Adelberti" to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 29 Oct 980[848].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Adalbert was the likely ancestor of the GRAFEN von BREGENZ[849]

 

3.         UDOGraf in Chur: Emperor Heinrich II donated Kloster Disentis “in pago Curiensi et Utonis comitatu” to the church of Brixen by charter dated 24 Apr 1020[850]

 

4.         MARQUARD [II] (-after 30 Jan 1032)Graf in Rätien: Emperor Konrad II confirmed property of Kloster Pfeffers “situm in pago Retia Curiensi in comitatu Marquuardo” by charter dated 30 Jan 1032[851]

 

5.         EBERHARD [von Bregenz], son of --- (-before 1079, bur Petershausen).  A list of donations to Einsiedeln records that “comes Eberhardus consanguineus...Hermanni abbatis” donated “Ekenwile....” and that “comes Uodalricus frater prædicti Eberhardi comitis” donated property “in Mentzenheim[852]Graf in Rätien: Heinrich III King of Germany confirmed the privileges of Kloster Pfeffers "situm in pago Retia Curiensi in comitatu Eberhardi" by charter dated 22 Jun 1040[853].  King Heinrich III granted protection to Kloster Schännis “situm in pago Churwalaha in comitatu Eberhardi comitis” by charter dated 30 Jan 1045[854].  [Vogt von Petershausen 1058.]  King Heinrich IV granted protection to Kloster Pfeffers “situm in pago Retia Curiensi in comitatu Eberhardi” by charter dated 1067[855]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    GRAFEN im RHEINGAU

 

 

Rheingau straddled the upper reaches of the river Rhine before it flows into Lake Constance. 

 

 

A.      GRAFEN von BREGENZ

 

 

Bregenz is located on the south-east shore of Lake Constance, in the Rheingau, and is now in the western Austrian province of Vorarlberg.  According to the Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis[856], the Grafen von Bregenz were descended from Graf Udalrich [VII].  Europäische Stammtafeln, on the other hand, shows Adalbert, brother of Graf Udalrich [VII], as the likely ancestor of the Grafen von Bregenz[857] although the basis for this speculation has not yet been found. 

 

 

UDALRICH [VII], son of UDALRICH [VI] [Outzo] & his wife Diepurga --- (-16 Mar 973).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Oudalricum alterum Marquardum tercium Liutfridum quartum Gebehardum" as the four sons of "Outzo comes", specifying that Udalrich fought in the war of Emperor Otto I against the Hungarians, founded "Lindaugense monasterium" where he was buried and left posterity "apud Brigantium"[858].  Graf 955.  The Annales Sangallenses record the deaths in 973 of "Udalricus comes et Ekkehardus monachus"[859].  The necrology of Petrishusen records the death "XVII Kal Apr" of "Uodolricus com frater s Gebehardi"[860]

m ---.  The name of Udalrich's wife is not known. 

Graf Udalrich [VII] & his wife had [two] children:

1.         [MARQUARD [I] (-1019).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Marquard [I] was the possible son of Adalbert[861], but this is inconsistent with the Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis which names Graf Udalrich [VII], brother of Adalbert, as ancestor of the Grafen von Bregenz[862].  Whatever the precise relationship, it is likely that Graf Marquard [I] belonged to this family as the name Marquard was also borne by another brother of Udalrich [VII] and Adalbert.  The Annales Einsidlenses record the death in 1019 of "Marahward comes"[863]

2.         [ADALBERTm ---.  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.]  Adalbert & his wife had [one possible child]:

a)         [WERNER [I] (-killed in battle 23 Aug 1040).  Vogt von Kaufungen. 

-        GRAFEN von GRÖNINGEN

 

 

1.         MARQUARD [II] (-after 30 Jan 1032).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Marquard [II] was the possible son of Marquard [I][864], presumably because they shared the same name.  Graf in Rätien: Emperor Konrad II confirmed property of Kloster Pfeffers “situm in pago Retia Curiensi in comitatu Marquuardo” by charter dated 30 Jan 1032[865]

 

 

According to Europäische Stammtafeln, the following four brothers were sons of Graf Marquard [II] (see above)[866].  The basis for this speculation is not known, although continuity in the use of the names Ulrich and Marquard does suggest a close relationship with the previous family. 

 

1.         OTTO [I] (-1 Dec ----).  Graf [im Rheingau]: Emperor Heinrich III granted jurisdiction to the bishop of Chur over a forest "in comitatu Ottonis comitis", on one side from "valle Versamia ex utraque parti Rheni usque ad fluvium Langorum", with the consent of “prædicti Ottonis comitis et Roudolfi, Eginonis et filiorum eius, alterius Eginonis, Hunberti, Adelberonis et cæterorum conprovincialium” and on the other side from “Rheni usque ad Tuminga, quæ fluit per Regacium” with the consent of “abbatis Fabariensis Pirihtilonis et advocati sui Werenheri”, by charter dated 12 Jul 1050[867].  Graf im Linzgau, Buchhorn und Oberrätien 1058.  He founded Kloster Hofen before 1089.  "Johanna" donated property "in pago Linzigouva in comitatu Ottonis in loco…Urenouva" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 4 Apr 1094, witnessed by "Berhtoldi ducis Suevorum, Burchardi comitis de Nellenburg advocati predicti monasterii, Manegoldi comitis et Wolfradi filii sui de Alshusen, Burchardi comitis de Frickinga…"[868].  The necrology of Hofen records the death "XVIII Kal Jan" of "Otto com"[869], which could refer to the husband of Berta of their son.  m BERTA, daughter of --- (-31 Jan ----).  The necrology of Hofen records the death "XI Kal Feb" of "Bertha com vidua fundatoris huius monasterii"[870].  Graf Otto [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         OTTO [II] (-killed 1089, bur Kloster Hofen).  Graf von Buchhorn.  The Chronicon of Bernold records that "in Alemannia Otto comes…adulter" was beheaded by troops of "Ludovici comitis" whose wife he had married during her husband's lifetime and for which he had been excommunicated by the bishop of Konstanz, and his burial "apud monasterium in prædio ipsius constructum"[871]m (bigamously, as her second husband) ---, wife of LUDWIG Graf, daughter of ---. 

2.         MARQUARD [III] (-[1080]).  Graf im Argengau und Rheingau. 

3.         ULRICH [IX] (-before 1079, bur Petershausen).  Graf von Bregenz.  Graf im Argengau und Nibelgau.  A list of donations to Einsiedeln records that “comes Eberhardus consanguineus...Hermanni abbatis” donated “Ekenwile....” and that “comes Uodalricus frater prædicti Eberhardi comitis” donated property “in Mentzenheim[872]m ---.  The name of Ulrich's wife is not known.  Graf Ulrich [IX] & his wife had three children:

a)         MARQUARD [IV] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1079. 

b)         ULRICH [X] (-[26/28] Oct 1097, bur Mehrerau).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Bregenz

-        see below

c)         HEINRICH (-after 29 Dec 1094).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Graf im Nibelgau.  "Adelbertus" donated property "in pago Niebilgouva in comitatu Heinrici et in locis…Willeheris…Isinhartis…Siggun…Egilsvendi" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 29 Dec 1094[873]m ---.  The name of Heinrich´s wife is not known.  Heinrich & his wife had two children: 

i)          --- von Zeilm --- von Steusslingen, daughter of ---. 

ii)         daughter .  m [ADALBERO] von Twiel, son of ---. 

4.         EBERHARD (-before 1079, bur Petershausen).  A list of donations to Einsiedeln records that “comes Eberhardus consanguineus...Hermanni abbatis” donated “Ekenwile....” and that “comes Uodalricus frater prædicti Eberhardi comitis” donated property “in Mentzenheim[874]Graf in Rätien: Heinrich III King of Germany confirmed the privileges of Kloster Pfeffers "situm in pago Retia Curiensi in comitatu Eberhardi" by charter dated 22 Jun 1040[875].  King Heinrich III granted protection to Kloster Schännis “situm in pago Churwalaha in comitatu Eberhardi comitis” by charter dated 30 Jan 1045[876].  [Vogt von Petershausen 1058.]  King Heinrich IV granted protection to Kloster Pfeffers “situm in pago Retia Curiensi in comitatu Eberhardi” by charter dated 1067[877]

 

 

ULRICH [X] von Bregenz, son of ULRICH [IX] Graf von Bregenz & his wife --- (-[26/28] Oct 1097, bur Mehrerau).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Bregenz.  He founded Kloster Andelsbach, and in 1094 Kloster Mehrerau.  King Heinrich IV donated Kloster Pfeffers “sita...in Curwalia in comitatu Odalrici comitis de Bragancia” to the bishopric of Basel by charter dated Mar 1095[878].  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1097 VI Kal Nov" of "Oudalricus comes" at "apud Brigantium" where he had become a monk[879].  The necrology of Augiæ Maioris records the death "VI Kal Nov" of "Ulricus com fundator huius loci"[880].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VII Kal Nov" of "Uodalricus com de Brigantia"[881]

Betrothed to --- von Habsburg, daughter of WERNER Graf [von Habsburg] & his wife Reginlint ---.  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "comes Oudalricus…Brigantium", records his betrothal to "filiam Wernheri comitis de Habichisburc" but states that he "concubit latenter cum Berhta filia Ruodolfi regis"[882].  

m (before 1077) BERTHA  von Rheinfelden, daughter of RUDOLF Graf von Rheinfelden [later King of Germany] & his wife Adelaide de Savoie (-20 Jan after 1128, bur Mehrerau).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "comes Oudalricus…Brigantium", records his betrothal to "filiam Wernheri comitis de Habichisburc" but states that he "concubit latenter cum Berhta filia Ruodolfi regis"[883].  Gräfin von Kellmunz.  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Bertha relicta Oudalrici" and "filiorum suorum Roudolfi et Oudalrici" recording their donation after her husband died[884].  The necrology of Augiæ Maioris records the death "XIII Kal Feb" of "Bertha com"[885].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "XIII Kal Feb" of "Berhta com de Brigantia"[886]

Graf Ulrich [X] & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         [ADELHEID (-before 28 Jun 1165).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[887], the wife of Graf Ulrich may have been the daughter of Ulrich [X] Graf von Bregenz & his wife Bertha von Rheinfelden.  This is presumably based on a chronicle about the bishopric of Konstanz written by Jakob Manlius (date not specified) which records that in 1098 Kloster Bregenz was founded by “Ulrico...Rhetorum et Brigantiæ comite qui fuit avus...comitis Rudolphi de Pfullendorf[888].  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records details relating to both the Bregenz and Ramsberg/Pfullendorf families, including the marriage of Graf Ulrich [X], which suggests that this family connection may be correct[889].  Her name is confirmed by the Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis which records the donation by [her son] "Roudolfus comes de Rammisberch" dated 1163 which names "matris meæ Adilheide"[890]m [ULRICH Graf von Ramsperg, son of ---.  1111/1155.] 

2.         RUDOLF (-27/28 Apr 1160)Graf von Bregenz.  "Otto de Chirichberk" donated property to the monastery in the presence of "domna Mahtilda sorore predicti Werinharii", by charter dated 1116, witnessed by "…Rodulfus comes de Bregantio…"[891].  Graf von Chur: "Rudolfus comes Curiensis" and “Eberhardo comite de Kirchberg” exchanged property “in cella Oxenhusen in comitatu Diethboldi comitis” by charter dated 12 Jul 1127[892].  Vogt von Chur 1137/1139.  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "comite Rudolfo Pregantino" (who is named first in the list, although the significance of this is uncertain), undated but dateable to [1152][893].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "V Kal Mai" of "Ruodolfus com de Brigantis"[894].  The necrology of Petrishusen records the death "IV Kal Mai" of "Ruodolfus com de Brigantia"[895]m firstly IRMENGARD von Calw, daughter of ADALBERT [II] Graf von Calw & his wife Wiltrudis of Lotharingia.  The Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii names (in order) "Brunone, Adalberto, Gotefrido ac filiabus Uta et Irmingarde" as children of "Adalberti de Kalwa et uxoris eius Wieldrude"[896].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Augiæ Maioris records the death "V Non Mai" of "Irmingart Rudolphi comitis [Brigantini] uxor"[897]m secondly WULFHILD of Bavaria, daughter of HEINRICH IX "der Schwarze" Duke of Bavaria [Welf] & his wife Wulfhild of Saxony (-8 May after 1156).  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "Iuditham, Sophiam, Mahtildem, Wulfildem" as the four daughters of "Heinricus dux ex Wulfilde", specifying that Wulfhild married "Roudolfus Bregantinus comes"[898].  The Annalista Saxo names "Heinricum inclitum ducem Saxonie et Bawarie et Welfonem et quatuor filias" children of Duke Heinrich and his wife Wulfhild, specifying that "terciam nominee Wifhildem" married "Rodolfus comes de Bregence"[899].  Nun at Wessobrunn 1155.  Graf Rudolf & his second wife had one child: 

a)         ELISABETH (-20 Mar ----, after 1 Jun 1216).  The Historia Monasterii Marchtelanensis names "Elisabet filiam…comitis domini Rudolfi de Bregantia" as the wife of "Hugonis palatini comitis de Tuwingen", specifying that she was "ducis Welphonis…sororis filiam"[900].  1152/1218.  Heiress of Montfort and Bregenz.  "Hugo palatinus comes de Tuwingen cum…coniuge mea Elyzabeth et filiis nostris" founded Kloster Marchthal by charter dated 1 May 1171[901].  "Hugo comes de Monteforti et carnalis frater eius Rudolfus…palatinus Tüwingen et mater eorum" donated property to St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jun 1209, witnessed by "…comes Diethalmus junior de Togginburg…"[902].  The necrology of Augiæ Maioris records the death "IV Kal Apr" of "Elisabet com"[903]m (before 7 Feb 1158[904]) HUGO [IV] Pfalzgraf von Tübingen, son of HUGO [III] Graf von Tübingen, Pfalzgraf & his wife Hemma von Zollern (-18 Dec 1182). 

3.         ULRICH [XI] (-30 Apr ----).  1094.  The necrology of Augiæ Maioris records the death "XI Kal Mai" of "Ulricus com Brigantinus"[905]

4.         HEINRICH von Kellmünz (-before 26 Mar 1128). 

 

 

 

B.      GRAFEN von MONTFORT

 

 

Schloß Montfort was located near Götzis, in present-day Vorarlberg in western Austria on the frontier with Switzerland.  The county of Montfo rt expanded eastwards and northwards to include the larger county of Bregen z, the Herrschaft of Tettnang west of Bregenz along the north-east shore of Lake Constance, and the Herrschaften of Dornbirn, Feldkirch and Hohenems, which lay along the upper reaches of the river Rhine north of what is today the principality of Liechtenstein.  The Grafen von Montfort also owned the Herrschaft of Jagdberg, an isolated territory just west of the town of Chur. 

 

 

HUGO von Tübingen, son of HUGO [IV] Pfalzgraf von Tübingen & his wife Elisabeth von Bregenz (-12 Mar [1230/34]).  "Hugo comes de Monteforti et carnalis frater eius Rudolfus…palatinus Tüwingen et mater eorum" donated property to St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jun 1209, witnessed by "…comes Diethalmus junior de Togginburg…"[906].  Graf von Bregenz 1191.  Graf von Montfort 1208. 

m MECHTILD, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 20 Dec 1251 under which [her daughter] "Elisabet comitissa de Werde" donated property to Kloster Salem and renounced certain rights for the souls of “patris nostri Hugonis comitis de Monfort necnon matris nostre Metilde et omnium fratrum et sororum nostrarum[907].  The Genealogisches Handbuch zur Schweizer Geschichte suggests that she may have been “Tochter des Edelherren Walther von Schnabelburg und Schwester des Walther von Eschenbach und des Berthold von Schabelburg(-Schwarzenberg)[908].  This speculation is based on an imprecise relationship between the Montfort and Schnabelberg families which is indicated by the following charter: “Hugo comes Montisfortis” [Hugo [II], see below] recognised the rights of Kloster Kappel in certain property, naming “consanguinei nostri Ulrici de Snabelburch”, by charter dated 8 Sep 1247[909].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Hugo [I] married twice: firstly “[--- von Eschenbach-Schnabelberg]”, and secondly “Mechtild von Wangen, daughter of Friedrich von Wangen”[910].  The basis for this information has not been ascertained and no indication has been found in the primary sources consulted that Hugo [I] married twice.  It should be noted that, if the speculation about the Eschenbach-Schnabelberg connection is limited to the information shown above, Hugo’s supposed first wife would have been called Mechtild which suggests that some confusion lies behind the Europäische Stammtafeln suggestion. 

Hugo [I] & his wife had eight children: 

1.         RUDOLF [I] (-[Sep 1244/7 Oct 1247]).  His descendants were studied in detail by Krüger in the late 19th century, including a register of relevant primary sources[911]m CLEMENTIA von Kirburg, daughter of WERNER [I] Graf von Kirburg & his wife Alix [Bertha] de Lorraine (-[after [1248/49]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified. 

-        GRAFEN von WERDENBERG[912]

2.         HUGO [II] (-[11 Aug] [1257/60]).  "Comes Hugo Brigantinus" confirmed the donation of property to Kloster Boos made by "Fr[idericus] de Zwirgunberc ministerialis noster" by charter dated Jun 1234[913].  “Hugo comes Montisfortis” renounced rights over property in Gaisweiler which had been donated to Kloster Wald, by charter dated 1257[914].  The necrology of Mehrerau records the deaths “III Id Aug” of “Hugo com. de Monteforti[915], which could refer to Hugo [II].  m --- von Burgau, daughter of HEINRICH [III] Graf von Berg, Markgraf von Burgau & his wife Adelheid ---.  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by a source which records that [her son] Wilhelm Abbot of St. Gallen was the son of the sister of Heinrich Burggraf von Burgau[916].  Fickler indicates that her name was Elisabeth, based on the following necrology entry[917]: the necrology of Mehrerau records the deaths “XIV Kal Sep” (19 Aug) of “Elisabeth coma. Hugo com. de Monteforti, qui in partibus transmarinis in insula Ctpro sepultus est 1363[918].  Clearly this represents a misinterpretation as “Hugo com.” who died in 1363 could not be Hugo [II].  In addition, there is no link between the two entries “Elisabeth coma” and “Hugo com...”: if there had been a link, Elisabeth’s name would have appeared after Hugo’s (presumably following “et uxor eius...” or similar).  The conclusion is that the name of the wife of Hugo [II] remains unknown.  Hugo [II] & his wife had seven children: 

a)         RUDOLF [II] (-19 Oct 1302).  A charter dated 5 Oct 1252 records the appointment of arbitrators, including “Rudolfus filius comitis Ugonis de Monteforti et Egeno advocatus de Amatia”, in a dispute involving Heinrich Bishop of Chur[919]Graf von Montfort in Feldkirch.  “Rudolfus et Uolricus fratres carnales et comites de Montef[orte]” donated property “in Mariderun” to “mon. S. Joan in Turthal” by charter dated 21 Jan 1261[920].  “Wilhelmus...electus...” [Abbot of St. Gallen] confirmed property arrangements with "Rumo de Ramstein", naming "fratres nostros carnales...Fridericum prepositum Curiensem, Hainricum de Monteforti canonicum eiusdem, Rudolfum, Ulricum et Hugonem de Monteforti, comites", by charter dated 15 Jan 1282[921]m (before 18 Sep 1265) AGNES von Grüningen, daughter of HARTMANN [I] Graf von Grüningen & his [first/second wife Elisabeth ---/Hedwig von Veringen].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 18 Sep 1265 under which [her husband] “Rudolphus comes de Monteforti” swore not to disturb property of “comiti Hartmanno de Gruningen socero suo[922]

-        GRAFEN von MONTFORT in Feldkirch[923]

b)         ULRICH [I] (-[7 Apr] 1287)Graf von Montfort in Bregenz.  “Rudolfus et Uolricus fratres carnales et comites de Montef[orte]” donated property “in Mariderun” to “mon. S. Joan in Turthal” by charter dated 21 Jan 1261[924].  “Wilhelmus...electus...” [Abbot of St. Gallen] confirmed property arrangements with "Rumo de Ramstein", naming "fratres nostros carnales...Fridericum prepositum Curiensem, Hainricum de Monteforti canonicum eiusdem, Rudolfum, Ulricum et Hugonem de Monteforti, comites", by charter dated 15 Jan 1282[925].  The necrology of Mehrerau records the death “VII Id Apr” of “Ulricus com. de Montefort[926]

c)         HUGO [III] (-[21 May/5 Dec] 1309)Graf von Montfort in Tettnang.  “Wilhelmus...electus...” [Abbot of St. Gallen] confirmed property arrangements with "Rumo de Ramstein", naming "fratres nostros carnales...Fridericum prepositum Curiensem, Hainricum de Monteforti canonicum eiusdem, Rudolfum, Ulricum et Hugonem de Monteforti, comites", by charter dated 15 Jan 1282[927].  “Gf. Hugo von Montfort zu Tettnang mit seinen Söhnen Hugo und Wilhelm” acknowledged a debt to Kloster Löwenthal by charter dated 19 Jul 1290[928]m ---.  The primary source which confirms the identity of Hugo’s wife has not been identified.  Hugo [III] & his wife had two children: 

i)          HUGO (-3 Aug 1298).  “Gf. Hugo von Montfort zu Tettnang mit seinen Söhnen Hugo und Wilhelm” acknowledged a debt to Kloster Löwenthal by charter dated 19 Jul 1290[929]

ii)         WILHELM (-[6 Feb 1348/8 Oct 1350]).  “Gf. Hugo von Montfort zu Tettnang mit seinen Söhnen Hugo und Wilhelm” acknowledged a debt to Kloster Löwenthal by charter dated 19 Jul 1290[930]Graf von Montfort in Tettnang. 

-         GRAFEN von MONTFORT in Tettnang[931]

d)         FRIEDRICH (-3 Jun 1290).  "Cunradus, Berhtoldus et Hainricus fratres de Sancto Monte" donated property to Kloster Salem, on the advice of “episcopi Curiensi avunculi nostri”, by charter dated 27 Dec 1264, witnessed by “...Friderico fratre domini episcopi Curiensis et Friderico patruele suo de Monteforti et Mangoldo filio comitis de Veringen, clericis...[932].  “Wilhelmus...electus...” [Abbot of St. Gallen] confirmed property arrangements with "Rumo de Ramstein", naming "fratres nostros carnales...Fridericum prepositum Curiensem, Hainricum de Monteforti canonicum eiusdem, Rudolfum, Ulricum et Hugonem de Monteforti, comites", by charter dated 15 Jan 1282[933].  Bishop of Chur 1283. 

e)         WILHELM (-11 Oct 1301).  “Wilhelmus...electus...” [Abbot of St. Gallen] confirmed property arrangements with "Rumo de Ramstein", naming "fratres nostros carnales...Fridericum prepositum Curiensem, Hainricum de Monteforti canonicum eiusdem, Rudolfum, Ulricum et Hugonem de Monteforti, comites", by charter dated 15 Jan 1282[934].  Abbot of St Gallen 1281. 

f)          HEINRICH (-17 Jan 1307).  “Wilhelmus...electus...” [Abbot of St. Gallen] confirmed property arrangements with "Rumo de Ramstein", naming "fratres nostros carnales...Fridericum prepositum Curiensem, Hainricum de Monteforti canonicum eiusdem, Rudolfum, Ulricum et Hugonem de Monteforti, comites", by charter dated 15 Jan 1282[935].  Canon at Chur Cathedral. 

g)         ADELHEID (-after 8 May 1302).  “Dominus Rudolfus comes de Monteforti”, as “tutor puerorum sororis sue de Amazia pro ipsis nepotibus absentibus”, and “Ulricus nobilis advocatus de Amazia presens” renounced rights in “castro in Eurs et...bonis bone memorie domini Cu[nradi com]itis de Mosiburch”, by charter dated 10 Feb 1283[936].  The primary source which confirms her name has not been identified.  m EGINO [IV] Vogt von Matsch, son of --- (-18 Apr 1277). 

3.         HEINRICH (-14 Nov 1272).  Bishop of Chur 1268.  The book of anniversaries of Chur records “VII Kal Sep” the anniversary of the victory “apud Emides” of “Hanricum electem Curiensem et fratrem eius Hugonem comitem Montisfortis” against “Hainricum de Ruzines” and others, dated 1250 (maybe misdated)[937].  The book of anniversaries of Chur records the death “XVIII Kal Dec” 1272 of “Henricus de Monteforti eps. Curiensis[938]

4.         FRIEDRICH (-12 Mar 1285).  Canon at Konstanz cathedral.  "Cunradus, Berhtoldus et Hainricus fratres de Sancto Monte" donated property to Kloster Salem, on the advice of “episcopi Curiensi avunculi nostri”, by charter dated 27 Dec 1264, witnessed by “...Friderico fratre domini episcopi Curiensis et Friderico patruele suo de Monteforti et Mangoldo filio comitis de Veringen, clericis...[939]

5.         [daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the charter dated 25 Apr 1255 under which [her son] "Waltherus de Vatz" donated property to Kloster Salem, as its ally like “pie memorie pater meus et avus meus Waltherus de Vatz”, on the advice of “avunculi mei domni Hugonis comitis Montisfortis”, witnessed by “Rudolfus et Ulricus filii domini comitis memorati...[940], assuming that “avunculus” in that document can be interpreted in its strict sense of maternal uncle.  m WALTER von Vaz, son of WALTER von Vaz & his wife --- (-1253).] 

6.         ELISABETH (-after 27 Oct 1266).  "Henricus comes de Werde et Lantgravius Alsatie…[et] domine Elisabet collateralis nostre" pledged "villam Ipfensheim" by charter dated 2 Jul 1233[941].  "Elisabet comitissa de Werde" donated property "in Honberch", given to her by “quondam marito nostro Manegoldo comite de Nellenburc...pro nuptiif...morgengabe”, to Kloster Salem, for the souls of “predicti comitis...filii nostri Eberhardi comitis de Nellenburc...mariti nostri Emechonis”, and renounced certain rights for the souls of “patris nostri Hugonis comitis de Monfort necnon matris nostre Metilde et omnium fratrum et sororum nostrarum”, by charter dated 20 Dec 1251[942].  “Emich der Wildegreve und…Elizabeth sin…frawe geborn von Monfort” confirmed agreement with "grauen Sigebrechte von Werde deme lantgraven von Elsaze mime sune" concerning his inheritance dated 6 Feb 1265[943].  “Grave Sygebreht der lantgrave zu Elseze und…Gerthrud sin…frowe” signed another agreement with "Emicho der wildegrave und…Elisabeth sin…frowe geborn von Montfort" dated 27 Oct 1266[944]m firstly MANEGOLD [I] Graf von Nellenburg-Veringen, son of WOLFRAD [I] Graf von Veringen & his wife Berchun --- (-[1229/32]).  m secondly (before 2 Jul 1233) HEINRICH [I] Graf von Werde Landgraf im Elsaß, son of SIEGBERT Graf von Werde & his wife --- (-1238).  m thirdly (1239) EMICH [II] Wildgraf und Graf von Kyrburg, son of KONRAD [II] Wildgraf & his wife Gisela von Saarbrücken (-1284). 

7.         --- von Montfort .  The chronicle of Conradi de Fabaria records the betrothal of of "[filium] Diethelmi comitis, Fridericum" and "filiam comitis Hugonis", dated to [1226] from the context[945]Betrothed ([1226]) to FRIEDRICH [II] Graf von Toggenburg, son of DIETHELM [VI] Graf von Toggenburg & his wife Guota von Rapperswil (-murdered Schloß Rengerswil 12 Dec 1226, bur St Gallen). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    GRAFEN im BREISGAU

 

 

 

A.      GRAFEN im BREISGAU

 

 

An obscure minor noble family in Swabia, the Zähringen dynasty owed their rise to power to the support they gave to the cause of the nobility in its long running dispute with Emperor Heinrich IV during the final decades of the 11th century.  They sided with the anti-king of Germany, Rudolf von Rheinfelden Duke of Swabia, after his election in 1077.  The Zähringer were by that time of sufficient local importance to be courted by both sides in the dispute, the emperor appointing family members as Duke of Carinthia and Duke of Swabia at different times.  The dynasty concentrated its attention on building its territorial influence around Freiburg im Breisgau.  Like the less powerful family of the Grafen von Hohenburg which was centred on Wiesneck[946], the Zähringer held property in the Black Forest on both banks of the upper reaches of the river Rhine.  It held countships in the Thurgau, Albgau, Ortenau and Breisgau[947].  The ducal branch acquired the family's Swabian possessions, maintained the title duke after it ceased to be duke of Swabia and eventually applied it to the imperial fief of Zähringen which it held directly from the German crown. 

 

The older branch of the family were ancestors of the Grafen von Habsburg.  Albrecht [III] Graf von Habsburg (who died in 1199) was descended from the Alsatian Grafen im Sundgau (see the document ALSACE), as shown by the charter dated 1186 under which “Albertus comes de Habesburg. Lantgravius Alsatie” confirmed the privileges of “monasterii Sancti Trudperti...in Nigra Silva” founded by “prædecessorum et progenitorum nostrorum Lutfridi comitis, Otperti et Ramperti”, which quotes the earlier charter dated 21 Feb 903 (“anno III regnante Ludevico filio Arnolfi, sub comite Wolfilino”) under which “Luitfridus...et fratre meo Hugone” confirmed the foundation by “antecessoribus meis Otperto...et Ramperto”, with the consent of “filiis meis Hunfrido (...in Norgauwe), Luitfrido (...in Sungawa), Hugone (...in Eginsheim)[948].  The precise descent is not known.  Nor is it known whether the two families were connected through the male or female line. 

 

The Genealogia Zaringorum[949] was written at the monastery of St Peter in the Black Forest, early in the 13th century judging by its recording the death of the youngest son of Konrad Duke of Zähringen.  It is accompanied by a Continuatio, probably written just over a century later as it ends with a marriage dated elsewhere to before 1318.  

 

 

1.         GUNTRAM "der Reiche", son of --- (-9 Aug, after 973).  Graf im Breisgau: Emperor Otto I granted property "habere Cuntramnus comes in pago Prisecgeuue in comitatu Pirihtihonis in locis…Puckinga, Uringa, Muron" to Konrad Bishop of Konstanz by charter dated 21 Feb 962[950]m ---.  The name of Guntram's wife is not known.  Graf Guntram & his wife had one child: 

a)         LANDOLT [Lanzelin] (-991).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Herr zu Muri 976, 981.  Graf im Thurgau.  The Liber Vitæ of Einsiedeln records the donation made in Jan by “comes Lantoldus et Lutgardis uxor eius[951]m LIUTGARD [von Nellenburg], daughter of EBERHARD [III] Graf [von Nellenburg] Graf im Thurgau & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   The Liber Vitæ of Einsiedeln records the donation made in Jan by “comes Lantoldus et Lutgardis uxor eius[952].  Graf Landolt & his wife had four children: 

i)          RATBOD (-30 Jun, before 1045, bur Kloster Muri).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Founded the Convent at Muri.  Graf im Klettgau[953] 1023.  He built the castle of Habsburg in the Aargau.  He shared his territories with his younger brother Rudolf I, retaining Aargau and Klettgau.  An undated charter records the foundation of Kloster Muri by "Radeboto comes…uxorem…Itam" and records that "fratre…eius Rudolfo" founded "cellam Othmarshein"[954].  Another undated charter relating to the foundation of Kloster Muri records that "Radeboto comes" was buried in Kloster Muri[955]m IDA, daughter of --- (23 Jul or 23 Aug [970]-[1028], bur Muri).  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter of the abbey of Muri which names "Wernherum comitem et Richenzam uxorem eius de Lentzburg" as the children of "Ita de Habspurg"[956].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[957], Ida was stepsister of Kuno, father of Rudolf Graf von Rheinfelden anti-king of Germany.  This is presumably based on a Habsburg genealogy which records that "Theodricus dux Lotharingorum et Chono comes de Rinfelden" were brothers and that "horum soror Ita comitissa de Habspurg" restored the monastery of Muri[958].  The identity of "Theodricus dux Lotharingorum" in this text is confused as the passage also records that he was father of "Gerhardum ducem", who in turn was father of "Gerhardum de Egisheim, patrem Uodelrici et Sthephani".  The question remains whether Ita, wife of Ratbod, could have been related to Kuno von Rheinfelden.  According to another table in Europäische Stammtafeln[959], she was the sister of Werner Bishop of Strasbourg.  This is based on an undated charter which records the foundation of Kloster Muri by "Radeboto comes…uxorem…Itam" and states that Ita was "de partibus Lotharingorum…sororem Theodrici ducis ac Wernharii, Argentine civitatis episcopi"[960].  A necrology of unknown provenance, marked "Fragmenta Incerta" in the compilation, records the death "X Kal Aug" of "Ita uxor comitis Radbotonis de Vindonissa"[961].  Graf Ratbod & his wife had four children: 

(a)       OTTO [I] (-killed [1045/55], bur Strasbourg).  An undated charter relating to the foundation of Kloster Muri by "Radeboto comes…uxorem…Itam" names "Otto et Alberctus et Wernharius" as their children, adding that Otto was killed "ab Erinliero quodam milite" and was buried at Strasbourg[962].  Graf im Oberelsaß (Upper Alsace). 

(b)       ALBRECHT [I] (-Hünigen [before 1050], bur Muri).  An undated charter relating to the foundation of Kloster Muri by "Radeboto comes…uxorem…Itam" names "Otto et Alberctus et Wernharius" as their children, adding that Albrecht died "ad Honigin" and was buried with his father (at Kloster Muri)[963]

(c)       WERNER [I] (-11 Nov 1096, bur Muri).  An undated charter relating to the foundation of Kloster Muri by "Radeboto comes…uxorem…Itam" names "Otto et Alberctus et Wernharius" as their children, adding that Otto was killed "ab Erinliero quodam milite" and was buried at Strasbourg[964].  A Habsburg genealogy names "Wernherum comitem et Richenzam sororem eius de Lenzburg" as the children of "Ita de Habspurg"[965]

          -        GRAFEN von HABSBURG.

(d)       RICHENZA (-27 May 1080, bur Kloster Muri).  A Habsburg genealogy names "Wernherum comitem et Richenzam sororem eius de Lenzburg" as the children of "Ita de Habspurg"[966].  The necrology of the church of Bero records the death "VI Kal Iun 1080" of "Richenza com"[967]m [ULRICH [III] Graf von Lenzburg und im Zürichgau], nepos of ULRICH [II] Graf von Lenzburg.] 

ii)         RUDOLF [I] (-before 29 Jan 1063).  An undated charter records the foundation of Kloster Muri by "Radeboto comes…uxorem…Itam" and records that "fratre…eius Rudolfo" founded "cellam Othmarshein"[968].  Graf im Oberelsaß (Upper Alsace) and the Rauhen Alb, following his older brother’s partition of the family territories.  "Heinricus…rex" confirmed the donation of property "in comitatu Chunonis comitis et in pago Alsatia…in comitatu Gerardi comitis…in comitatu Wernhardi comitis et in pago Mortenva…in comitatu Herimanni comitis et in pago Brisergouiaæ…in comitatu Rudolphi comitis et in pago Scerron…in comitatu Liutoldi comitis et in pago Chletgowe…in comitatu Arnoldi comitis et in pago Frichgoue" to Kloster Otmarsheim by "vidua Chunigund…a marito illius Rudolpho" by charter dated 1 Mar 1064[969].  He founded, together with his wife, the Convent of Ottmarsheim, in Upper Alsace[970]m KUNIGUNDE, daughter of --- (-after 1 Mar 1064).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

iii)        WERNER (-Constantinople 28 Oct 1028, bur Constantinople).  His parentage is indicated by a charter dated 1027 under which "Wernherus Strasburgensis episcopus et castri quod dicitur Habesbur, fundator monasterio in patrimonio meo…Mure…in pago Argoia in comitatu Rore" donated property to Kloster Muri "per manum germani fratris mei Lancelini"[971].  An undated charter which records the foundation of Kloster Muri by "Radeboto comes…uxorem…Itam" states that Ita was "de partibus Lotharingorum…sororem Theodrici ducis ac Wernharii, Argentine civitatis episcopi" and adds that Werner died and was buried at Constantinople "anno 1027"[972]Bishop of Strasbourg 1002.  Imperial envoy at the court of Constantinople.

iv)        LANCELIN (-after 1027).  His parentage is indicated by a charter dated 1027 under which "Wernherus Strasburgensis episcopus et castri quod dicitur Habesbur, fundator monasterio in patrimonio meo…Mure…in pago Argoia in comitatu Rore" donated property to Kloster Muri "per manum germani fratris mei Lancelini"[973]same person as…?  LANDOLT .  It is not known whether "Lancelini" was the same person as Landolt, husband of Bertha, but the similarity of names suggests that it is possible.  Vogt of Reichenau 992.  Ancestor of the House of Zähringen[974].] 

          -        see below

 

 

LANCELIN, son of LANDOLT Graf von Altenburg & his wife Lütgard von Nellenburg (-after 1027).  His parentage is indicated by a charter dated 1027 under which "Wernherus Strasburgensis episcopus et castri quod dicitur Habesbur, fundator monasterio in patrimonio meo…Mure…in pago Argoia in comitatu Rore" donated property to Kloster Muri "per manum germani fratris mei Lancelini"[975]

same person as…?  LANDOLT (-after 992).  It is not known whether "Lancelini" was the same person as Landolt, husband of Bertha, but the similarity of names suggests that it is possible.  Vogt of Reichenau 992. 

m BERTHA, sister of FRIEDRICH Graf im Sündergau [Staufer], daughter of --- (-after [1000]).  The Tabula consanguinitatis Friderici I regis et Adelæ reginæ (which provided the basis for their divorce) records "Berta" and "Fridericus" as brother and sister, and their descendants[976]

Landolt & his wife had two children: 

1.         BEZZELIN [Bertilo] (-15 Jul [1024]).  The Tabula consanguinitatis Friderici I regis et Adelæ reginæ (which provided the basis for their divorce) names "Berta" (sister of "Fridericus") as mother of "Bezelinum de Vilingen"[977].  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Bezelinus comes" and his brother "Gebezone" as the first known members of the Zähringer family, specifying that they built Kloster Sulzburg near Mühlheim[978].  Graf in der Ortenau.  "Otto…rex" confirmed an exchange of property "villam…Nerichouua ultra fluvium Moldaha" agreed between Gisalhar Archbishop of Magdeburg and "Becilinum comitem" by charter dated 18 Sep 991[979], although it is not known whether this refers to the same person.  "Pyrtilo" founded the monastery of Sulzburg by charter dated to [993], confirmed by Emperor Otto II by charter dated 22 Jun 993 at the request of "Byrchtilonis comitis" specifying that Sulzburg was "in pago Brysichgowe…in comitatu superius iam scripti Birchtilonis comitis"[980].  "Otto…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted the right to a market in Villingen to "Berhtoldo comiti nostro" by charter dated 29 Mar 999[981].  This may have been the same person as Bezzelin, ancestor of the Zähringen family, or at least the grantee may have been closely related to him considering that the name Berthold was used frequently by Bezzelin's descendants.  "Pirctelo…cum manu fratris mei Gebehardi" donated property to Sulzburg monastery "in pago Prisicheuue in comitatu Adalberoni comitis", and granted the monastery to the church of Basel, by charter dated 28 Mar 1008, witnessed by "Adalbero comes, Beretholt comes, Ruodolf comes…"[982].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" renewed the privileges of Kloster Fulda by undated charter, placed in the compilation with other charters dated 1020, witnessed by "Godifridi ducis, Berinhardi ducis, Thiederici ducis, Welphonis comitis, Cunonis comitis, Kunrati comitis, Ottonis comitis, Adilbrahtis comitis, Bobonis comitis, Friderici comitis, Bezilini comitis, Ezonis comitis palatini"[983], the order of witnesses presumably giving some idea of the relative importance of these named nobles at the court of Emperor Heinrich II at the time.  m [LIUTGARD], daughter of ---, patruus of EBERHARD [IV] "dem Seligen" Graf von Nellenburg.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Graf Bezzelin & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERTHOLD (-Limburg 5/6 Nov 1078, bur Hirsau).  The Tabula consanguinitatis Friderici I regis et Adelæ reginæ (which provided the basis for their divorce) names "Bertolfum cum Barba" as son of "Bezelinum de Vilingen"[984].  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldus Cum-barba" as son of "Bezelinus comes", specifying that he was buried at Hirsau[985].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed property "…in pago Brysihcgowe in villis Mulinheim et Ougheim in comitatu Bertholdi comitis…in pago Brisihcgowe in villa Piccensole in comitatu supra dicti Bertholdi comitis…" to the cathedral of Basel by charter dated 1 Jun 1048[986].  "Eberhardus comes Turegie provincie" exchanged property with "Bertholdo Carinthiorum duce" by charter dated early Mar 1050, witnessed by "…Burchardus et Eberhardus et Adelbertus, filii Eberhardi comitis…"[987].  This charter is presumably misdated as Berthold did not become Duke of Carinthia until 1061, and his son Marchese in 1072.  He was promised the duchy of Swabia by the emperor.  He was installed in 1061 as BERTHOLD I "the Bearded" Duke of Carinthia.  The Annals of Berthold record that "Berhtoldus comes Suevigena" was appointed Duke of Carinthia in 1061 after the death of "Chounradus…Carantanis ducis"[988].  He never obtained actual possession of the duchy[989], and was deposed in 1077.  Marchese di Verona 1066.  Graf im Breisgau until 1077.  Heinrich IV King of Germany confirmed the privileges of Basel church in property "in comitatu Berchtoldi in pago Brisichgowi" by charter dated 20 May 1073[990].  He founded Kloster Weilheim unter Teck before 1073.  He was one of the principal adversaries of Emperor Heinrich IV in the investiture dispute, demonstrated by King Heinrich redistributing Berthold's properties by charter dated 1 Jul 1077 under which "Heinricus…rex" granted property "in pago Brisgowe Bertholfi iam non duci iusto iudicio sublatum" to the church of Strasbourg[991]m firstly RICHWARA, daughter of --- (-before [1056]).  .  The wife of "Berchtoldus dux de Zaringen" is named "Richwara" in a list of founders of the monastery of St Peter in Schwarzwald[992].  According to Wegener, she was Richwara of Swabia, daughter of Hermann IV Duke of Swabia [Babenberg] & his wife Adelaida di Susa.  However, this seems unlikely from a chronological point of view.  Richwara gave birth to five children, presumably between [1045/55], so is unlikely to have been born later than 1030, when her supposed father was only 15 years old and her supposed mother about 10.  m secondly ([1056]) BEATRIX de Mousson, daughter of LOUIS Comte de Mousson & his wife Sophie of Upper Lotharingia  (-26 Oct 1092, bur Toul Cathedral).  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1092 VII Kal Nov…in civitate Leucorum" of "Beatrix soror Friderici marchionis et uxor quondam Berthaldi ducis" and her burial by the bishop of the same place[993].  Duke Berthold & his first wife had five children:

i)          HERMANN ([1045/48]-Cluny 26 Apr 1074).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldus" as son of "Berchtoldus Cum-barba", and "Hermannus" as brother of "Berchtoldus [et] Gebehardo", specifying that Hermann was appointed "in marchionem" but abandoned his post to become a monk at Cluny[994].  "Eberhardus comes Turegie provincie" exchanged property with "Bertholdo Carinthiorum duce" by charter dated early Mar 1050, witnessed by "…Herimannus marchio filius B. ducis…"[995].  This charter is presumably misdated as Berthold did not become Duke of Carinthia until 1061.  He was installed as Marchese di Verona: "Hesso" placed property "in pago Brisgoacensi sive Archaim...in manum Hermanni marchionis marchie Veronensis" to donate “capellam...Rimesengen” to Cluny by charter dated to 1072 or before[996].  The Annals of Berthold record that "Herimannus marchio, filius ducis Bertholdi, adolescens adhuc" left all his possessions, his wife and only son in 1073 to become a monk at Cluny[997].  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1074 VII Kal Mai" of "Heremannus marchio, filius Bertaldi ducis", commenting that "adhuc adolescens" he had left his wife and only son to become a monk at Cluny[998]m JUDITH, daughter of --- (-Salerno 27 Sep 1091, bur Backnang).  The wife of "Hermannus [1] marchio" is named "Iudinta" in a list of founders of the monastery of St Peter in Schwarzwald[999].  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "V Kal Oct" in 1091 of "Iuditha...marchionissa...uxor quondam Heremanni...marchionis", adding that after her husband became a monk she went "ad domnum papam Salernum" where she lived under his protection[1000].  Graf Hermann [I] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       HERMANN [II] (-[7 Oct] [1130], bur Backnang Stiftskirche).  The Annals of Berthold record that "Herimannus marchio, filius ducis Bertholdi, adolescens adhuc" left all his possessions, his wife and only son in 1073 to become a monk at Cluny[1001].  Graf im Breisgau 1087.  "Theodericus" donated property "in pago Briscaugia in comitatu Hermanni in locis…Anemotinga, Zaizmannersmate, Regol, Richinbach, Winedoriuti, Baldinga" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 2 Apr 1094[1002].  Markgraf 1089.  Markgraf von Limburg 1100.  Graf im Ufgau 1102.  Markgraf von Baden 27 Apr 1112. 

-         MARKGRAFEN von BADEN

ii)         BERTHOLD ([1050]-12 Apr 1111, bur St Peter in Schwarzwald).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldus" as son of "Berchtoldus Cum-barba", referring to him first among the brothers, specifying that he was buried at St Peter in 1111[1003].  He was installed in 1092 as BERTHOLD II Duke of Swabia.  He was installed in 1092 as BERTHOLD II Duke of Carinthia, in opposition to Duke Heinrich II [Eppenstein].  Herzog von Zähringen 1100. 

-         HERZOGEN von ZÄHRINGEN

iii)        GEBHARD (-12 Nov 1110).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Gebehardo Constantiensi episcopo" as brother of "Berchtoldus"[1004].  The Zwiefaltensis Chronicon names "Gebehardum Constantensem episcopum, Bertolfi ducis germanum" when recording his death "II Id Nov 1110"[1005].  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Gebehardus vir nobilissimus frater Bertholdi ducis de Zaringin" specifying that he was "prepositus apud Xantum"[1006].  Provost at Xanten.  Monk at Hirsau before 1084.  Bishop of Konstanz 1084-1110.  Papal legate in Germany 1099-1107. 

iv)       RICHINZA von Spitzenburg (bur Schaffhausen Allerheiligen).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  Heiress of Kirchen.  1092/[1110].  m firstly --- von Frickingenm secondly LUDWIG von Sigmaringen [Helfenstein] (-before 1092). 

v)        LIUTGARDE (-18 Mar [1119]).  The Tabula consanguinitatis Friderici I regis et Adelæ reginæ (which provided the basis for their divorce) names "Liutgardim" as daughter of "Bertolfum cum Barba" and mother of "marchionem Theobaldum"[1007].  The Fundatio Monasterii Richenbacensis names "Lukardis" as mother of "marchio Dietpaldus" in connection with the foundation of Reichenbach[1008].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  m firstly DIEPOLD [II] von Giengen Markgraf im Nordgau, son of DIETPOLD [I] Graf [von Cham] [Ratpotonen] & his wife --- (-killed in battle near Wellrichstadt 7 Aug 1078).  m secondly ERNST von Grögling Graf von Ottenburg, son of [HARTWICH [II] Graf an der unteren Ampar & his wife Avisa ---] (-12 Jan [1096/97]). 

2.         GEBHARD .  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Bezelinus comes" and his brother "Gebezone" as the first known members of the Zähringer family, specifying that they built Kloster Sulzburg near Mühlheim[1009].  "Pirctelo…cum manu fratris mei Gebehardi" donated property to Sulzburg monastery "in pago Prisicheuue in comitatu Adalberoni comitis", and granted the monastery to the church of Basel, by charter dated 28 Mar 1008, witnessed by "Adalbero comes, Beretholt comes, Ruodolf comes…"[1010]

 

 

 

B.      GRAFEN von FREIBURG

 

 

The Annales Sancti Trudperti record that the town of Freiburg was founded in 1118 by "duce Bertholdo"[1011].  The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

KONRAD [I] von Urach, son of EGINO [V] Graf von Urach und Freiburg & his wife Adelheid von Neuffen (-24 Sep 1271).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Cunradum comitem, qui contraxit cum Sophya de Zolre" son of "Egenonem qui contraxit cum Adelheid de Nifen"[1012].  Graf zu Urach.  “Adelhedis...comitissa de Friburc, C. et B. et H. et G. filii sui” granted tax exemptions to Kloster Tennenbach by charter dated Jul 1237[1013]Graf von Freiburg.  “Chuonradus comes et dominus in Friburch” confirmed rights to Freiburg as granted by “pater noster pie memorie comes Egeno ac nobilis matrona mater nostra Adelheidis” by charter dated 30 Sep 1238, witnessed by “fratri nostro B. comiti in Ura[1014].  “C. et H., G. et G. comites de Friburch” donated property to Kloster Vöhrenbach by charter dated 28 Jan 1244[1015].  “Conradus comes de Friburg” granted privileges to “capellam S. Martini...in...civitate Friburg...fratribus minoribus” by charter dated 25 May 1246[1016].  The Annales Basilienses record the death in 1271 of "comes de Friburc"[1017].  The necrology of Günthersthal records the death "VIII Kal Oct" of "Cunradus com de Friburg"[1018]

m (Papal dispensation 4o Lyon 18 May 1248) SOPHIE von Zollern, daughter of FRIEDRICH [II] Graf von Zollern Burggraf von Nürnberg & his wife Elisabeth --- (-after 1 Feb 1252).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Cunradum comitem, qui contraxit cum Sophya de Zolre"[1019].  Pope Innocent IV issued a dispensation for the marriage of "Fridericum comitem de Zolre…Sophiam natam ipsius Friderici" and "Conradi comitis de Friburch" dated 18 May 1248[1020]

Graf Konrad & his wife had four children: 

1.         KONRAD [II] (-2 Oct [1301/02]).  Canon at Strasbourg 1265/1296.  Canon at Konstanz 1266/1279.  Provost at Konstanz cathedral 1300.  The necrology of Günthersthal records the death "VI Non Oct" of "Cunradus com de Friburg et ppos Constantiensis"[1021]

2.         EGINO [II] (-24 Dec after 1317, bur Freiburg St Klara).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Egenonem comitem, qui contraxit Katerina de Lichtenberg" son of "Cunradum comitem, qui contraxit cum Sophya de Zolre"[1022]Graf von Freiburg.  “Grave Egen und grave Heinrich gebrudere von Friburg” divided the inheritance “von vatter und von muter”, Egino taking Freiburg and Heinrich “Baden und Nvwenburg”, by charter dated 23 Jul 1272[1023].  “Graue Egine und Graue Heinrich von Friburc” granted protection to “Her Burchart Meinwart von Friburc” by charter dated 15 Aug 1272[1024].  The necrology of Günthersthal records the death "IX Kal Jan" of "Egen com de Friburg"[1025]m KATHARINA von Lichtenberg, daughter of LUDWIG [I] Herr von Lichtenberg & his wife --- (-7 Jul 1283 or after, bur Freiburg St Klara).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Cunradum comitem…" as son of "Egenonem comitem, qui contraxit Katerina de Lichtenberg"[1026].  The necrology of Günthersthal records the death "Non Jul" of "Katherina com de Friburg dicta de Liechtenberg"[1027].  Graf Egino [II] & his wife had seven children: 

a)         KONRAD [III] (-10 Jul 1350).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Cunradum comitem…" as son of "Egenonem comitem, qui contraxit Katerina de Lichtenberg"[1028]Graf von Freiburg

-        see below

b)         HEINRICH (-29 Sep [1311/13]).  Canon at Strasbourg 1292, kustos of Strasbourg cathedral 1299 and 1310.  Scholasticus at Strasbourg cathedral 1302.  The necrology of Günthersthal records the death "III Kal Oct" of "Heinricus com de Friburg dictus Küster"[1029]

c)         GEBHARD (-Strasbourg 30/31 May 1337, bur Strasbourg Cathedral).  Canon at Strasbourg 1292/1302, archdeacon 1298/1303.  General-Vikar of Konstanz 1309.  Elected Bishop of Strasbourg 1328.  The Liber Anniversariorum of churches at Konstanz records the death "III Kal Jun 1337" of "Gebhardus com de Friburg ppos Argentinensis et thesaurarius huius ecclesie"[1030]

d)         EGINO (-14 Jul 1298).  Canon at Strasbourg 1292. 

e)         SOPHIE (-after 29 Mar 1335)m (Strasbourg 7 Jul 1286) FRIEDRICH [V] Graf von Leiningen (-1327). 

f)          ELISABETH (-9 Jul after 10 Jan 1342).  The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis names "filii sororis Conradi comitis Friburgensis" as mother of "duo fratres de Kyburg, Hartmannus et Eberhardus clericus, nepotes ex filio quondam Eberhardi de Habsburg"[1031].  “Elisabet grevin von Kiburg frowe ze Oltingen” donated serfs to Gottstatt monastery, with the consent of “unser kinden her Eberharz grafen von Kyburg und fro Katherinen von Werdenberg” by charter dated 10 Jan 1342[1032].  The necrology of Fraubrunnen records the death "VII Id Jul" of "Frouw Elysabeth ein gräfin von Kiburg"[1033]m (1298) HARTMANN [I] Graf von Kiburg, son of EBERHARD [I] von Habsburg-Laufenburg Graf von Kiburg & his wife Anna von Kiburg (-29 Mar 1301). 

g)         KLARA .  Nun at St Klara, Strasbourg  1316. 

3.         HEINRICH (-[19 Aug 1300/9 Jul 1303]).  Graf von Freiburg.  “Grave Egen und grave Heinrich gebrudere von Friburg” divided the inheritance “von vatter und von muter”, Egino taking Freiburg and Heinrich “Baden und Nvwenburg”, by charter dated 23 Jul 1272[1034].  “Graue Egine und Graue Heinrich von Friburc” granted protection to “Her Burchart Meinwart von Friburc” by charter dated 15 Aug 1272[1035].  The Annales Basilienses record that "comes Heinricus frater comitis Friburgensis" devastated "claustrum Guotnowe" in 1272[1036].  The Annales Colmarienses record that "comes Heinricus frater comitis de Fryburc" was captured and wounded in 1293[1037].  m (before 2 May 1281) ANNA von Wartenberg, daughter of HEINRICH von Wartenberg gt Strass & his wife --- (-1 Aug 1320, bur Freiburg Dominican church).  Graf Heinrich & his wife had two children: 

a)         MARGARETA .  Heiress of Badenweiler.  1300/1329.  m firstly OTTO Graf von Strasberg [Neuchâtel] .  1300/1309.  m secondly --- von Montfort

b)         VERENA (-25 Dec 1320, bur Freiburg Dominican church).  Heiress of Wartenberg and Mausach.  m (before 5 Oct 1308, Papal dispensation 3o 9 Sep 1318) HEINRICH [II] Graf von Fürstenberg, son of FRIEDRICH [I] Graf von Fürstenberg & his wife Udelhild von Wolfach (-14 Dec 1337, bur Kloster auf Hof Neidingen). 

4.         ADELHEID (-17 Jan 1300).  The Annales Colmarienses record the death "XVI Kal Feb 1300" of "domina de Horburc soror comitis Friburgensis"[1038]m firstly as his second wife, GOTTFRIED [I] Graf von Habsburg-Laufenburg, son of RUDOLF [I] "der Schweigsame" Graf von Habsburg-Laufenburg & his wife Gertrud von Regensberg (-29 Sep 1271).  m secondly (before 27 Dec 1294) BURKHARD [II] Herr von Horburg (-before 25 May 1315). 

 

 

KONRAD [III] von Freiburg, son of EGINO [II] Graf von Freiburg & his wife Katharina von Lichtenberg (-10 Jul 1350).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Cunradum comitem, qui contraxit cum filia ducis Lutoringie.  Qui genuit Fridericum, qui contraxit cum filia Rudolfi margravii de Hachberg" as son of "Egenonem comitem, qui contraxit Katerina de Lichtenberg"[1039]Graf von Freiburg

m firstly (contract Freiburg 22 Mar 1290, Strasbourg 9 Jul 1290) CATHERINE de Lorraine Dame de Romont, daughter of FERRY II Duke of Lorraine & his wife Marguerite de Champagne Infanta de Navarra (-after 13 Mar 1316).  The Annales Colmarienses record the marriage in 1290 of "comes Egyno Friburgensis filio suo" and "filiam ducis Lotharingiæ"[1040].  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Cunradum comitem, qui contraxit cum filia ducis Lutoringie…"[1041]Conradus primogenitus...Egeno comitis de Fribourch...emancipatus” assigned dower to “Katherinæ filiæ...Friderici ducis Lothorengiæ et marchionis” by charter dated Apr 1290[1042]Dame de Romont. 

m secondly (before 29 Oct 1330) as her first husband, ANNA von Signau, daughter of ULRICH von Signau & his wife --- (-after 30 Mar 1368).  She married secondly (1352 after 18 Jan) Hermann III Herzog von Teck

Graf Konrad [III] & his first wife had three children: 

1.         FRIEDRICH (-9 Nov 1356).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Fridericum, qui contraxit cum filia Rudolfi margravii de Hachberg" as son of "Cunradum comitem, qui contraxit cum filia ducis Lutoringie"[1043]Graf von Freiburgm firstly (before 7 Feb 1318) ANNA von Hachberg, daughter of RUDOLF Markgraf von Hachburg & his wife Benedikta [Agnes] von Rothelin (-28 Feb 1331, bur Freiburg Dominikanerkirche).  m secondly (1334) MATHILDE de Montfaucon, widow of RICHARD Comte de la Roche, daughter of GAUTHIER [II] de Montfaucon & his wife Mathilde de la Marche (-1360).  Graf Friedrich & his first wife had one child: 

a)         KLARA (-after 29 Mar 1371)Gräfin von FreiburgFrau von Lichteneck.  m ([1340]) GOTTFRIED Graf von Tübingen, son of --- (-after 13 Feb 1369, bur Freiburg Dominican church). 

2.         KONRAD .  Priest at Freiburg 1347. 

3.         EGINO [III] (-[7 May/3 Sep] 1385)Graf von Freiburg zu Nimburg und Lichteneck.  m (before 21 Oct 1360) VARENE de Neuchâtel, daughter of LOUIS Comte de Neufchâtel & his second wife Catherine de Neuchâtel [en Bourgogne] (-[10 May 1373/15 Jun 1374]).  “Frena filia...Ludovici comitis et domini Novi Castri Lausannensis diocesis, uxor...Egenonis comitis Friburgi in Briscue” confirmed grants made by her father to “domine Margarite de Woufflens uxoris...domini Ludovici patris mei” by charter dated 14 Aug 1372[1044].  A third testament of “Loys cons et sires de Noufchastel en la dyocese de Losenne”, dated 10 May 1373, appoints as his heirs “mes...filies Ysabel contesse de Nidoive et dame de Vuillafens le nuef...et Vrena ma filie feme dou conte Egen de Fribourg en Briscouve...[1045].  “Hegon conte de Fribourg en Beriscow” acknowledged a debt to “Perronet de Mont escuer maistre de lostel ma seour dame Ysabel contesse de Nuefchastel” for “les obseques et lenterrement de ma...feme Frene” by charter dated 15 Jun 1374[1046].  Graf Egino [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)         KONRAD [IV] (-16 Apr 1424).  Herr zu Badenweiler.  The testament of “Isabella comitissa et domina Novi Castri”, dated 27 Nov 1394, bequeathes property to “domino Girardo bastardo de Novo Castro...nostrum nepotem Conradum comitem Friburgi filium quondam Egonis comitis Friburgi et domine Verene de Novo Castro...nostre sororis[1047].  Landvogt im Breisgau.  Seigneur de Neuchâtel 1395.  m firstly (contract 10 May 1390) MARIE de Vergy, daughter of JEAN [III] "le Grand" de Vergy Seigneur de Fouvent & his wife --- (-29 Mar 1407).  The marriage contract of “Conraut comte de Fribourg signeur de Badeville pres de Neufchastel sur le Rin” and “Jehan de Vergey seigneur de Fonvens et seneschal de Bourgongne chevalier...Marie de Vergery sa fille” is dated 10 May 1390[1048]m secondly ([18 Mar 1413/Nov 1418]) as her second husband, ALIX de Baux Dame d'Aubagne Ctss di Avellino, widow of ODON de Villars, daughter of RAYMOND de Baux Conte di Avellino & his wife Jeanne de Beaufort (before 21 Aug 1367-[7/12] Oct 1426, bur Avignon).  Konrad [IV] & his first wife had two children: 

i)          LUDWIG (-1404). 

ii)         JOHANN (-19 Feb 1457)Graf von FreiburgComte de Neuchâtel.  Seigneur de Champlitte.  Herr zu Badenweiler until 1444.  He bequeathed the counties of Freiburg and Neuchâtel to his second cousin Rudolf Markgraf von Hachberg-Rothelin[1049]m (23 Oct 1416) MARIE de Chalon Dame de Cerlier, daughter of JEAN [III] de Chalon Seigneur d'Arlay Prince d'Orange & his wife Marie de Baux Pss d'Orange (-1465).  Graf Johann & his wife had three children: 

(a)       JOHANN (13 Sep 1426-young). 

(b)       KATHARINA (-young). 

(c)       JOHANNA (7 Aug 1429-young). 

b)         ANNA von Freiburg .  1384/1427.  m (before 11 May 1384, contract 13 Feb 1387) as his second wife, RUDOLF [III] Markgraf von Hachberg, son of RUDOLF [II] Markgraf von Hachberg, Seigneur de Rothelin, Landgraf im Breisgau [Baden] & his wife Katharina von Tierstein (-8 Feb 1428). 

 

 

 

C.      HERREN von GUNDELFINGEN

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         THIEMO von Gundelfingen (-after 1 May 1171).  "Comes Otto de Chirberg, Teobaldus comes de Lechesgemunde, Ludewicus comes de Helphenstein, Degehardus de Helonstein, Diemo et Godefridus frater eius de Gundelfingen…" witnessed the charter dated 1 May 1171 under which Emperor Friedrich I confirmed property of Kloster Herbrechtingen[1050]

2.         GOTTFRIED (-after 1 May 1171).  "Comes Otto de Chirberg, Teobaldus comes de Lechesgemunde, Ludewicus comes de Helphenstein, Degehardus de Helonstein, Diemo et Godefridus frater eius de Gundelfingen…" witnessed the charter dated 1 May 1171 under which Emperor Friedrich I confirmed property of Kloster Herbrechtingen[1051]

 

 

1.         ULRICH von Gundelfingen (-after 1220).  "Dominus Ulricus de Gundilvingin et filius suus Ulricus" sold property "in Tindinhoven et in Herbrehshoven" to Kloster St Georg by charter dated 1220[1052]m ---.  Ulrich & his wife had one child: 

a)         ULRICH .  "Dominus Ulricus de Gundilvingin et filius suus Ulricus" sold property "in Tindinhoven et in Herbrehshoven" to Kloster St Georg by charter dated 1220[1053]

 

 

1.         SWIGGER von Gundelfingen (-after 8 May 1251).  "R…palatinus comes de Tuingen" permitted his serfs to donate property to Kloster Roth, following the example of "bone memorie R. palatini comitis de Tuwingen patris nostri", by charter dated 8 May 1233, witnessed by "Swicherus de Gundiluingin, Hainricus de Gundiuingen…"[1054].  "Swigerus miles de Gundiluingin […senior]…cum tribus filiis meis Swigero et Ulrico militibus et alio Swigero non milite" exchanged property with Kloster Reichenau, with the consent of "filii mei Fridericus, Bertoldus, Cunradus et Hainricus cum nobili mulliere Ita matre ipsorum", by charter dated 1246, after 17 Oct[1055].  "S[wiggerus] de Gundelvingen" sold property in Dollendorf to Kloster Heiligkreuzthal by charter dated 8 May 1251 signed by "Swiggerus iunior et senior Swiggerus de Gundelvingen et H. cognatus noster de Gundelvingen…"[1056]m firstly ---.  m secondly ITA, daughter of ---.  Swigger & his first wife had three children: 

a)         SWIGGER .  "Swigerus miles de Gundiluingin […senior]…cum tribus filiis meis Swigero et Ulrico militibus et alio Swigero non milite" exchanged property with Kloster Reichenau, with the consent of "filii mei Fridericus, Bertoldus, Cunradus et Hainricus cum nobili mulliere Ita matre ipsorum", by charter dated 1246, after 17 Oct[1057].  "S[wiggerus] de Gundelvingen" sold property in Dollendorf to Kloster Heiligkreuzthal by charter dated 8 May 1251 signed by "Swiggerus iunior et senior Swiggerus de Gundelvingen et H. cognatus noster de Gundelvingen…"[1058]

b)         ULRICH .  "Swigerus miles de Gundiluingin […senior]…cum tribus filiis meis Swigero et Ulrico militibus et alio Swigero non milite" exchanged property with Kloster Reichenau, with the consent of "filii mei Fridericus, Bertoldus, Cunradus et Hainricus cum nobili mulliere Ita matre ipsorum", by charter dated 1246, after 17 Oct[1059]

c)         SWIGGER .  "Swigerus miles de Gundiluingin […senior]…cum tribus filiis meis Swigero et Ulrico militibus et alio Swigero non milite" exchanged property with Kloster Reichenau, with the consent of "filii mei Fridericus, Bertoldus, Cunradus et Hainricus cum nobili mulliere Ita matre ipsorum", by charter dated 1246, after 17 Oct[1060]

Swigger & his second wife had four children: 

d)         FRIEDRICH .  "Swigerus miles de Gundiluingin […senior]…cum tribus filiis meis Swigero et Ulrico militibus et alio Swigero non milite" exchanged property with Kloster Reichenau, with the consent of "filii mei Fridericus, Bertoldus, Cunradus et Hainricus cum nobili mulliere Ita matre ipsorum", by charter dated 1246, after 17 Oct[1061]

e)         BERTHOLD .  "Swigerus miles de Gundiluingin […senior]…cum tribus filiis meis Swigero et Ulrico militibus et alio Swigero non milite" exchanged property with Kloster Reichenau, with the consent of "filii mei Fridericus, Bertoldus, Cunradus et Hainricus cum nobili mulliere Ita matre ipsorum", by charter dated 1246, after 17 Oct[1062]

f)          KONRAD .  "Swigerus miles de Gundiluingin […senior]…cum tribus filiis meis Swigero et Ulrico militibus et alio Swigero non milite" exchanged property with Kloster Reichenau, with the consent of "filii mei Fridericus, Bertoldus, Cunradus et Hainricus cum nobili mulliere Ita matre ipsorum", by charter dated 1246, after 17 Oct[1063]

g)         HEINRICH .  "Swigerus miles de Gundiluingin […senior]…cum tribus filiis meis Swigero et Ulrico militibus et alio Swigero non milite" exchanged property with Kloster Reichenau, with the consent of "filii mei Fridericus, Bertoldus, Cunradus et Hainricus cum nobili mulliere Ita matre ipsorum", by charter dated 1246, after 17 Oct[1064]

 

2.         HEINRICH von Gundelfingen (-after 1254).  "R…palatinus comes de Tuingen" permitted his serfs to donate property to Kloster Roth, following the example of "bone memorie R. palatini comitis de Tuwingen patris nostri", by charter dated 8 May 1233, witnessed by "Swicherus de Gundiluingin, Hainricus de Gundiuingen…"[1065].  "Hainricus…de Gundeluingen" sold a mill near Kemnath to Kloster Denkendorf by charter dated 1254[1066]

 

 

1.         ULRICH [III] von Gundelfingen-Hellenstein (-after 1263).  "Ulrico de Gundelvingen, Ulrico et Swigero filiis suis et Swigero filio Swigeri de Gundelvingen…" witnessed the charter dated 9 Jan 1261 under which "Hainricus comes de Wartstein" donated property in Frankenhofen to Kloster Salem[1067]m as her first husband, SOPHIA von Berg, daughter of HEINRICH [III] Graf von Berg [I] Markgraf von Burgau & his wife Adelheid --- (-before 1 May 1284).  She married secondly (before 1275) as his third wife, Gottfried [III] Graf von Löwenstein

 

2.         DEGENHARD von Gundelfingen-Hellenstein (-after 1293).  1251/93.  m (before 13 Jan 1258) AGNES von Dillingen, daughter of HARTMANN [IV] Graf von Dillingen & his wife Williburgis [von Truhendingen].  "Hartmannus comes de Dilingen" donated property in Söflingen to Ulm St Damian, with the consent of "domini et filii nostri Hartmanni…Augustensis ecclesie episcopi…et filiarum nostrarum Udilhildis comitisse de Zolre, Willibirgis comitisse de Helfinstein et Agnetis de Heligenstein", by charter dated 13 Jan 1258[1068]

 

 

 

D.      GRAFEN von NIMBURG

 

 

1.         ERLEWIN (-after 23 Apr 1094).  Graf von Nimburg.  "Erliwini comitis de Noimburc…" witnessed the charter dated 23 Apr 1094 under which "Gerardus de Eschiloch" donated property to Schaffhausen St Salvator[1069]m ---.  Erlewin & his wife had two children: 

a)         son .  "Comes Bertoldus de Niuwenburk, filius Erliwini" confirmed donations to Schaffhausen St Salvator by "pater eius et frater eius", for "tribus filiabus suis", by charter dated to [1100][1070]

b)         BERTHOLD .  "Comes Bertoldus de Niuwenburk, filius Erliwini" confirmed donations to Schaffhausen St Salvator by "pater eius et frater eius", for "tribus filiabus suis", by charter dated to [1100][1071]

 

 

 

E.      HERZOGEN von ZÄHRINGEN

 

 

An obscure minor noble family in Swabia, the Zähringen dynasty owed their rise to power to the support they gave to the cause of the nobility in its long running dispute with Emperor Heinrich IV King of Germany in the last decades of the 11th century.  The ducal branch acquired the family's Swabian possessions, maintained the title "duke" after the head of the family ceased to be Duke of Swabia and eventually applied it to the imperial fief of Zähringen which it held directly from the crown.  This family provides one of the earliest examples of what Otto von Freising called "an empty title"[1072], unlike a duchy in the ancient sense despite being recognised by the imperial government.  The Zähringer increased their power west of the Rhine when Konrad von Zähringen acquired the rectorship of Burgundy in 1127.  They consolidated their position in the Black Forest south of the Kinzigtal by transferring the family monastery of Weilheim to St Peter in 1093, establishing Alpirsbach in 1095[1073], holding the advocacies of the monasteries of Gengenbach, Schuttern and Stein am Rhein, and acquiring those of St Georgen (in 1114) and St Blasien (in 1125)[1074].  They dominated the other two independent baronial families in the region between the Kinzig valley and the upper Rhine, the Markgrafen von Breisgau and the Herren von Schwarzenberg (advocates of Waldkirch)[1075].  Their dominance was challenged by the Hohenburg family in the Dreisamtal, when Bruno von Hohenburg (later Bishop of Strasbourg) founded the monastery of St Märgen in 1118, accepted by the Zähringer family under a settlement reached by arbitration in 1121[1076].  After gaining control of the road from the Breisgau, they founded the towns of Freiburg and Villingen at each end, as well as Offenburg, to consolidate their position[1077].  They acquired Breisach in 1198[1078].  The Dukes of Zähringen achieved internal administrative authority and territorial unity due to the lack of serious rivals, their ducal title (which attracted more prestige and authority than if they had been mere counts), encouraging colonisation into the uninhabited Black Forest areas, and fostering commercial development by granting freedoms to the citizens of the towns they founded such as Freiburg.  Their land  became one of the earliest "new" territorial states in Germany which did not trace its development to evolution from one of the ancient tribal duchies.  Their unified state did not survive the extinction of the dynasty in 1218, as the lands on the eastern bank of the Rhine were inherited by the Grafen von Urach, while the Burgundian and Swiss properties went to the Grafen von Kiburg, and on the extinction of the latter in 1263 to the Grafen von Habsburg, a fragmentation which mirrored the process experienced in most parts of medieval Germany. 

 

The Genealogia Zaringorum[1079] was written at the monastery of St Peter in the Black Forest, early in the 13th century judging by its recording the death of the youngest son of Konrad Duke of Zähringen.  It is accompanied by a Continuatio, probably written just over a century later as it ends with a marriage dated elsewhere to before 1318. 

 

 

BERTHOLD, son of BERTHOLD I "the Bearded" Duke of Carinthia & his first wife Richwara of Swabia [Babenberg] ([1050]-12 Apr 1111, bur St Peter im Schwarzwald).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldus" son of "Berchtoldus Cum-barba", referring to him first among the brothers, specifying that he was buried at St Peter in 1111[1080].  The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising records that "Berhtolfus de castro Zaringen" usurped the duchy of Swabia after his father-in-law died[1081], although this does not appear to have happened until after the death of his brother-in-law.  Berthold took over the rights and estates of his brother-in-law Berthold von Rheinfelden in Swabia and Burgundy on the latter's death in 1090[1082].  He was installed as BERTHOLD II Duke of Swabia in 1092 by Emperor Heinrich IV.  He was unable to obtain effective control and in 1098 renounced his claims to Swabia[1083] in favour of Friedrich [I] von Staufen, although he retained the title of duke and was enfeoffed with imperial estates in and around Zürich[1084].  Mayer says that Berthold II retained "both the Reichsvogtei in Zürich and the title duke"[1085].  He was installed in 1092 as BERTHOLD II Duke of Carinthia, in opposition to Duke Heinrich II [Eppenstein].  Together with Duke Welf IV, he organised an oath of peace at Ulm in 1093, valid for Swabia and later extended to Bavaria, to strengthen opposition to the Salian monarchy[1086].  He founded Kloster St Peter in Schwarzwald in 1093.  He adopted the title Herzog von Zähringen from 1100, named after his family castle.  The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising comments that Berthold held "the empty title of duke" without the substance[1087].  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "II Id Apr" of "Berchtoldus 2 dux de Zaeringen qui primus huius loci fundator extitit 1111"[1088]

m ([1077/79]) AGNES von Rheinfelden, daughter of RUDOLF von Rheinfelden Duke of Swabia [later King of Germany] & his second wife Adelaide de Savoie (-19 Dec 1111).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Agnes filia regis Rudolfi Arulacensis" wife of "Berchtoldus", specifying that she was buried with her husband at St Peter in 1111[1089].  The Annales of Berthold record the marriage in 1079 of "Berhtoldus marchio, ducis Berhtoldi filius, adolescens" and "Agnetem, Roudolfi regis filiam"[1090].  The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising records that "Berhtolfus de castro Zaringen" married "Radolfi filia" but does not name her[1091].  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "XIV Kal Jan" of "Agnes uxor ducis Berchtoldi et filia Ruodolfi regis de Arle"[1092]

Herzog Berthold & his wife had nine children: 

1.         BERTHOLD (-killed in battle near Molsheim 19 Feb 1122, bur St Peter im Schwarzwald).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldus…et Conradus" as sons of "Berchtoldus", specifying that Berthold was the older son, his death in battle at Molsheim in Alsace against "comite Hugone de Tagsburg", and burial at St Peter in 1122[1093].  The documents dated Feb 1111 relating to the coronation of Heinrich V King of Germany as emperor name "Fridericum filium sororis suæ, marchionem Engilbertum, marchionem Thiebaldus, comitem Hermannum, Fridericum palatinum comitem de Saxonia, Berlingarium de Bavaria, Godefridum comitem, Fridericum Saxonum, Albertum cancellarium, Cononem fratri Berengarii, Sigebot de Bavaria, Henricum ducem Carinthie, Bertoldum filium ducis Bertoldi" as the emperor's guarantors[1094].  He succeeded his father in 1111 as BERTHOLD III Herzog von Zähringen.  Vogt of St Georgen 1114.  He founded the market at Freiburg im Breisgau by charter dated 1120[1095].  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "XI Kal Mar" of "Berchtoldus 3 dux de Zaeringen"[1096]Europäische Stammtafeln[1097] records the death of Duke Berthold III on "3 Dec".  However, the necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald assigns this date to Duke Berthold V.  m as her first husband, SOPHIE of Bavaria, daughter of HEINRICH IX "dem Schwarzen" Duke of Bavaria [Welf] & his wife Wulfhild of Saxony (-10 Jul before 1147).  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "Iuditham, Sophiam, Mahtildem, Wulfildem" as the four daughters of "Heinricus dux ex Wulfilde", specifying that Sophie married firstly "Bertoldus dux de Zaringen" and secondly "Leopaldus marchio de Stira"[1098].  The Annalista Saxo names "Heinricum inclitum ducem Saxonie et Bawarie et Welfonem et quatuor filias" as children of Duke Heinrich & his wife Wulfhild, specifying that Sophie (named second in the list of daughters) married firstly "Bertoldus dux de Zaringe" and secondly "marchio Liuppoldus de Stire"[1099].  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Sophya soror Heinrici ducis Saxonie" as wife of "Berchtoldus", specifying that they were childless and that she married secondly "comiti de Stire"[1100].  She married secondly ([1122/23]) Leopold “der Starke” Markgraf of Styria.  The necrology of Admunt records the death "VI Id Jul" of "Sophya ex marchionissa cv"[1101].  The necrology of Weingarten records the death "V Id Jul" of "Suophia com de Stira hic sepulta"[1102]

2.         [BERTHOLD] (-3 May ----).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldus…et Rudolfus" as brothers of "Conradus", specifying that they were "in adolescentia defuncti" and buried in the same tomb as Konrad[1103].  It appears that "Berchtoldus" was a different brother from "Berchtoldus dux", unless the latter was younger than is otherwise indicated above when he died.  If this is a different brother, it is possible that the name is an error, as this would be the only example in this family of two brothers being given the same first name. 

3.         KONRAD ([1095]-8 Jan 1152, bur St Peter im Schwarzwald).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldus…et Conradus" as sons of "Berchtoldus"[1104].  He succeeded his brother in 1122 as KONRAD I Herzog von Zähringen.

-        see below

4.         RUDOLF (-[11 Nov/Dec] 1111).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldus…et Rudolfus" brothers of "Conradus", specifying that they were "in adolescentia defuncti" and buried in the same tomb as Konrad[1105]

5.         [LIUTGARD (-9 Aug ----).  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "V Id Aug" of "Lutgart filia ducis Berchtoldi"[1106].  Presumably this refers to an otherwise unrecorded child who died young.  She may have been the daughter either of Duke Berthold II or of Duke Berthold IV.  It is slightly more probable that Duke Berthold II was the father as he is the only duke referred to in other entries in the necrology without a number, presumably being considered by the compiler as not requiring a clarifying qualification as he was the founder of the monastery and therefore in his eyes the most important of the dukes.] 

6.         LIUTGARD (-25 Mar ----).  The Annales Sindelfingenses name "sorori suæ [=comes Albertus Axinbart, residens in castro Sindolphingen] Uotæ", identified as Adalbert [II] Graf von Calw, as mother of "Uotam [uxorem Welphoni de Spoleto] et Lutgardam"[1107].  This document appears garbled, considering the following source.  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "VIII Kal Apr" of "Liugart com soror ducis"[1108].  Although this entry is cryptic, the only ducal family recorded in the other entries was that of Zähringen.  On the basis of the information currently available, Liutgard sister of Duke Konrad I is the only member of the family with this name.  The primary source which confirms her marriage more precisely has not yet been identified.  m GOTTFRIED [I] Graf von Calw, son of ADALBERT [II] Graf von Calw & his wife Wiltrudis of Upper Lotharingia (-6 Feb 1131).  He was installed in 1113 as Pfalzgraf von Lothringen [am Rhein]. 

7.         AGNES .  The Relatio Piis Operibus Ottonis Episcopi Bambergensis names "Agnate palatina comitissa", implying that she was sister of "Chuno dux"[1109].  This is confirmed by the Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising which names her son "Gwillehelmus…puer…ex parte patris consanguineus, Conradi vero ducis sororis filius"[1110]m ([1107]) GUILLAUME II Comte Palatin de Bourgogne et Comte de Mâcon, son of RENAUD II Comte Palatin de Bourgogne & his wife Regina von Oltigen ([1085]-murdered after 3 Jan 1125).   

8.         PETRISSA von Zähringen (-[1115]).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated to [1115] which records that "domina Petrissa, filia ducis Bertholdi" donated "predium…apud Volpach", by the hands of "viri sui comitis…Friderici de Phirrith"[1111]m (before 12 Apr 1111) FREDERIC Comte de Ferrette, son of THIERRY de Mousson & his wife Ermentrude de Bourgogne [Comté] ([1080]-19 Jul [1160], bur Oelenberg).  He subscribed an act in 1111 with his father-in-law[1112]

9.         JUDITH (-5 Aug ----).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Iudintæ filiæ Berhtolfi ducis de Zaringen natæ" in a list of those who became nuns at Zwiefalten[1113].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m ULRICH [II] Graf von Gammertingen, son of ULRICH [I] Graf von Gammertingen & his wife Adelheid von Dillingen (-12 Jun [1144/50]).  Vogt von St Gallen 1120. 

 

 

KONRAD von Zähringen, son of BERTHOLD II Herzog von Zähringen [Baden] & his wife Agnes von Rheinfelden ([1095]-8 Jan 1152, bur St Peter im Schwarzwald).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldus…et Conradus" as sons of "Berchtoldus", specifying that Konrad succeeded his brother and was buried "in sepulcro parentum suorum" in 1152[1114].  He succeeded his brother in 1122 as KONRAD I Herzog von Zähringen.  Vogt of St Blasien 1125.  He claimed the county of Burgundy after the death of his nephew in 1127.  The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising records that Emperor Lothar granted Konrad "comitatum inter Iurum et montem Iovis" after the death of "Willehlmi comitis", referring to Guillaume Count of Burgundy[1115].  Lothar von Süpplingenburg King of Germany conferred the territory on Konrad in order further to isolate the Staufen family, his rivals in southern Germany[1116].  Duke of Burgundy 1138.  He was apparently the only German prince to take part in the crusade against the Wends in [1149][1117].  He allied himself with the Welf party in southern Germany, confirmed by his daughter's marriage to Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony[1118].  The Annales Engelbergenses record the death in 1152 of "Chounradus dux"[1119].  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "VI Id Jan" of "Cuonradus dux de Zaeringen"[1120]

m ([1130]) CLEMENCE de Namur, daughter of GODEFROI I Comte de Namur & his second wife Ermesinde de Luxembourg ([1114/15] -28 Dec 1158, bur St Peter im Schwarzwald).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Clementia de nobilissuma progenie Francorum de castro…Nammecensi" as wife of "Conradus", specifying that she was buried in the same tomb as her husband[1121].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "ducissa Cyringie…Beatrix…Alidis…" as the three daughters of "comes Godefridus de Namuco" & his second wife[1122].  The Chronicon Hanoniense refers to the three daughters of "Godefridus comes Namurcensi" & his second wife as "ducissam…Ciringiorum et comitissam de Retest et…Alidem comitissam Hanoniensem"[1123].  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "V Kal Jan" of "Clementia ductrix"[1124]

Herzog Konrad & his wife had six children: 

1.         KONRAD (-4 Jan before 1140).  A list of founders of the monastery of St Peter in Schwarzwald names (in order) "Cunradus, Rudolfus, Adalbertus, Hugo" as the four brothers of "Berchtoldus 4 dux"[1125].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "Radulphum Leodiensium episcopum, ducem Bertoldum et Conradum et Albertum" as the children of "ducissa Cyringie [filia comitis Godefridi de Namuco]"[1126].  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "II Non Jan" of "Cuonradus filius ducis Cunradi"[1127]

2.         BERCHTOLD von Zähringen (-8 Sep 1186, bur St Peter im Schwarzwald).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names (in order) "Berchtoldus…secundus Rudolfus Leodiensis episcopus…tertius…Adalbertus…Hugo quartus" as the four sons of "Conradus" & his wife[1128].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "Radulphum Leodiensium episcopum, ducem Bertoldum et Conradum et Albertum" as the children of "ducissa Cyringie [filia comitis Godefridi de Namuco]"[1129].  The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Bertoldem ducem Cheringiorum…et Radulphum Leodiensem episcopum…et Hugonem comitem" as the three sons of "ducissam…Ciringiorum [filiam Godefridi comitis Namurcensi]"[1130].  He succeeded his father in 1152 as BERTHOLD IV Herzog von Zähringen.  He was a candidate for the imperial throne in 1152.  Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany recognised his claims to Upper Burgundy and Provence in return for support in [late 1152][1131].  The agreement dated May 1152 between "regem Fridericum et ducem Bertolfum" granted Burgundy and Provence to Berthold[1132].  This recognition was withdrawn in 1156 when King Friedrich married the heiress of the county of Burgundy, Duke Berthold being compensated by receiving the lay advocacies of the bishoprics of Geneva, Lausanne and Sion, with the right to invest bishops himself[1133].  "Dux Bertolfus" confirmed the freedoms of the church of Lausanne by charter dated 1157[1134].  "Bertolfus dux et Rector Burgundiæ" confirmed the privileges of "mon. Altæ Ripæ" by charter dated 1157[1135].  "B[ertoldus] dux de Zaringhem atque Burgundiæ rector" addressed a letter concerning "cœnobiolum vestrum de Roqueriomonte" to the abbot Cluny dated [1157][1136].  Reichsvogt von Zürich 1157.  He acted as representative of Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa", together with Christian Archbishop of Mainz, in negotiating a temporary truce between the league of Saxon princes and Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony in 1167[1137].  A charter dated 1177 records that "Dominus Bertolfus Dux" founded the town of Fribourg, witnessed by "…Amedeus comes Gebennarum, Uldricus de Novocastro…"[1138].  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "VI Id Sep" of "Berchtoldus 4 dux de Zaeringen"[1139]m firstly HEILWIG [von Frohburg, daughter of VOLMAR Graf von Frohburg & his wife ---] (-[1183]).  The wife of "Berchtoldus 4 dux" is named "Heilwig" in a list of founders of the monastery of St Peter in Schwarzwald[1140].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the wife of "ducem Bertoldum" as "filiam comitis Hermanni de Frieburch"[1141]m secondly (1183) as her third husband, IDA de Flandre Ctss de Boulogne, divorced wife firstly of MATHIEU --- and widow secondly of GERHARD van Gelre, daughter of MATTHIEU de Flandres Comte de Boulogne & his first wife Marie de Blois Ctss de Boulogne ([1160/61]-21 Apr 1216, bur Boulogne).  The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Idam…et Mathildem" as the two daughters of "Matheus [comiti Boloniensi]" & his wife, specifying that Ida married "primus…Gerardo comiti de Ghelra, deinde Bertoldo Cheringiorum duci, postea Rainaldo comiti Dommi-Martini in Francia"[1142].  She married fourthly ([1185 or Apr 1190]) Renaud de Dammartin.  The Chronica Andrensis records the death in 1216 of "Ida Bolonie comitissa in Flandria" and her burial at Boulogne[1143].  Duke Berthold IV & his first wife had three children:

a)         BERTHOLD ([1160]-18 Feb 1218, bur Freiburg Münster).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "ducem Bertoldum…et duas sorores" as children of "ducem Bertoldum" & his wife[1144].  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldum rectorem Brisgaudie et Burgundie crudelissimum", without naming his father, specifying that he died childless "1218 XII Kal Mar" and was buried in Freiburg monastery[1145].  He succeeded his father in 1186 as BERTHOLD V Herzog von Zähringen.  Duke and Rektor of Burgundy 1187.  Reichsvogt von Zürich.  The Cronica de Berno records that the town of Bern was founded in 1191 by "duce Berchtoldo Zeringie"[1146].  Vogt of Allerheiligen zu Schaffhausen.  He was proposed as a candidate for the throne of Germany in 1198, supported by Adolf Archbishop of Köln and at first also the Archbishop of Trier, but he withdraw after giving his support to Philipp von Hohenstaufen Duke of Swabia and received in exchange the bailiwick of Schaffhausen[1147].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1218 of "dux Ziringie Bertoldus"[1148].  The Cronica de Berno records the death "XI Kal Mar" in 1218 of "Berchtoldus dux Zeringie"[1149].  The Annales Sancti Georgii record the death "1218 XII Kal Mar" of "Bertholdus dux Zaringiæ"[1150], although without indicating to which duke Berthold this refers.  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "III Non Dec" of "Berchtoldi quinti duci de Zaeringen"[1151]Europäische Stammtafeln[1152] records the death of Duke Berthold V on "18 Feb".  However, the necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald assigns this date to Duke Berthold III.  m (1212) CLEMENCE d'Auxonne, daughter of ETIENNE III Comte d'Auxonne [Bourgogne-Comté] & his first wife Béatrix de Chalon (-after 1235).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not so far been identified.  Abbess of Baume-les-Dames, resigned.  Herzog Berthold V & his wife had one child: 

i)          BERTHOLD (1 May 1218-).  The Chronicon Colmariense records the birth of "autem de progenie ducis Zeringie…kal mai" in 1218, recording the death of his father later in the same sentence[1153].  The primary source which confirms his name has not yet been identified. 

b)         AGNES (-1 May [1236]).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Agnes" as one of the two sisters of "Berchtoldum rectorem Brisgaudie et Burgundie crudelissimum", specifying that she married "comiti Egenoni seniori Cum-Barba dicto"[1154].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "ducem Bertoldum…et duas sorores" as children of "ducem Bertoldum" & his wife, specifying that the elder daughter married "comiti Huguenoni de Eura in Suavia"[1155].  The necrology of Tennenbach records the death "Kal May" of "Agnes ducis Zeringensis filia Bertoldi V et ultimus ducis Brisgoiæ soror, Egonis de Urach et Furstenberg coniunx mater Bertoldi abbatis"[1156].  The necrology of Tennenbach records the burial in the monastery "II Id Jan" of "Ego com de Urach…secundus dictus mit dem Bart dominus in Friburg et Agnes eiusdem coniunx ducis Bertoldi de Zaeringen V et ultimi soror…obierunt 1236"[1157].  It is uncertain to which death the latter date relates.  m EGINO [IV] "der Bärtige" Graf von Urach, son of --- (-1230, bur Tennenbach).  After the death of his brother-in-law, Graf Egino inherited the Zähringer territories on the east bank of the river Rhine[1158]

c)         ANNA .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "ducem Bertoldum…et duas sorores" as children of "ducem Bertoldum" & his wife, specifying that the younger daughter was "comitissa Kiburgensis" and had many children[1159].  This is confirmed by the charter dated 1226 under which "Haimonem dominum de Fucignie" reached an agreement with the bishop of Lausanne concerning the advocacy of the church of Lausanne, which Aimon claimed had been granted by "comitibus de Ciburc", which names "comitibus de Kibor Vuernerio et Armanno…quia filii erant sororis Bertoldi ducis Faringie"[1160].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m ULRICH Graf von Kiburg, son of HARTMANN [III] Graf von Dillingen und Kiburg & his wife Richenza von Lenzburg (-1227, bur Schänis).  After the death of his brother-in-law, Graf Ulrich inherited the Zähringer territories on the west bank of the river Rhine and in Switzerland[1161]

3.         ADALBERT (-after 20 Jun 1193).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names (in order) "Berchtoldus…secundus Rudolfus Leodiensis episcopus…tertius…Adalbertus…Hugo quartus" as the four sons of "Conradus" & his wife, specifying that Adalbert established himself at "castrum Tegg"[1162].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "Radulphum Leodiensium episcopum, ducem Bertoldum et Conradum et Albertum" as the children of "ducissa Cyringie [filia comitis Godefridi de Namuco]"[1163].  Herzog von Teck [1188]. 

-        HERZOGEN von TECK

4.         RUDOLF (-Herdern (near Freiburg) 5 Aug 1191, bur St Peter im Schwarzwald).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names (in order) "Berchtoldus…secundus Rudolfus Leodiensis episcopus…tertius…Adalbertus…Hugo quartus" as the four sons of "Conradus" & his wife, specifying that Rudolf accompanied Emperor Friedrich I on his expedition to Jerusalem, died on his return "in villa sua Herdra" in 1190, and was buried in the family sepulchre[1164].  The Annales Sancti Diibodi record the election of "Ruodolfum filium Conradi ducis de Zeringen" to the bishopric at Mainz in 1160[1165].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the election of "Rodulfus frater Bertoldi Cyringie ducis et Conradi et Alberto" as Bishop of Liège in 1168, through the intervention of "avunculo suo comite Namucensis Henrico"[1166]Bishop of Liege 1167.  The Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium records the succession of “Radulphus...frater...Bertoldi Cyringie ducis et Conrardi et Alberti, mediante avunculo suo comite Namucensi Henrico” after the death of Bishop Alexander [II][1167].  The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Bertoldem ducem Cheringiorum…et Radulphum Leodiensem episcopum…et Hugonem comitem" as the three sons of "ducissam…Ciringiorum [filiam Godefridi comitis Namurcensi]", recording that Rudolf was previously elected "in archiepiscopatu Mangontiense"[1168].  The Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium records the death in 1191 “vitiatum veneno ferculum sive poculum” of “Radulphus Leodiensis episcopus[1169].  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the burial "Non Aug" of "Ruodolfi ducis de Zaeringen et epi Leodiensis anno 1190"[1170]

5.         HUGO (-5 Feb [1203], bur St Peter im Schwarzwald).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names (in order) "Berchtoldus…secundus Rudolfus Leodiensis episcopus…tertius…Adalbertus…Hugo quartus" as the four sons of "Conradus" & his wife, specifying that Hugo held land in Breisgau and Mortunagia, died without children, and was buried in St Peter's monastery[1171].  The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Bertoldem ducem Cheringiorum…et Radulphum Leodiensem episcopum…et Hugonem comitem" as the three sons of "ducissam…Ciringiorum [filiam Godefridi comitis Namurcensi]"[1172].  Herzog von Ulmburg 1203.  

6.         KLEMENTIA von Zähringen (-[1173/75]).  The Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis names "filiam ducis Zaringie, Clementiam" as wife of "Heinricus dux"[1173].  The Chronicon Hanoniense refers to "filiam [uxorem]…dux Saxonum Henricus" as the daughter of "ducissam…Ciringiorum [filiam Godefridi comitis Namurcensi]"[1174].  Heiress of Badenweiler, although her first husband sold these Swabian estates to Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany in 1158, receiving in exchange Herzberg, Scharzfels and Pöhlde south of the Harz[1175].  Her first marriage was arranged to confirm her father's alliance with the Welf party in southern Germany[1176].  The Annales Palidenses record the repudiation by "Heinricus dux" of his first wife "Bertoldi ducis Zaringe sorore"[1177].  Her first husband repudiated Klementia because of the growing difficulties between her brother Duke Berthold IV and Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa", with whom Duke Heinrich was by then in close alliance[1178].  Her second marriage is confirmed by Ralph de Diceto´s Ymagines Historiarum which record in 1173 the betrothal of “Henricus rex Angliæ, Johanni filio suo cognomento sine terra” and [her daughter] “septenni filiam primogenitam Humberti comitis de Moriana...ex relicta Henrici Saxonis ducis[1179]m firstly ([1148/49], divorced Konstanz 23 Nov 1162) as his first wife, HEINRICH “der Löwe” Duke of Saxony [HEINRICH XII Duke of Bavaria], son of HEINRICH X "der Stolze" Duke of Bavaria and Duke of Saxony & his wife Gertrud von Süpplingenburg ([1129/30]-Braunschweig 6 Aug 1195, bur Braunschweig Cathedral).  m secondly (1164) as his third wife, HUMBERT III Comte de Maurienne et de Savoie, son of AMEDEE III Comte de Maurienne et de Savoie & his second wife Mathilde d'Albon (Avigliana 4 Aug 1136-Chambéry 4 Mar 1189, bur Abbaye de Hautecombe). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    GRAFEN im ALPGAU

 

 

Alpgau was located in the southern part of the present-day German region of Baden-Württemberg, around the monastery of St Blasien and east of Breisgau. 

 

 

 

A.      GRAFEN von FÜRSTENBERG

 

 

Schloß Fürstenberg lies near the town of Hüfingen in the northern part of Alpgau.  The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

HEINRICH von Urach, son of EGINO [V] Graf von Urach und Freiburg & his wife Adelheid von Neuffen (-[24 Dec 1283/6 Jan 1284], bur Villingen).  “Adelhedis...comitissa de Friburc, C. et B. et H. et G. filii sui” granted tax exemptions to Kloster Tennenbach by charter dated Jul 1237[1180].  Graf von Freiburg.  “C. et H., G. et G. comites de Friburch” donated property to Kloster Vöhrenbach by charter dated 28 Jan 1244[1181]Graf von Fürstenberg.  He exchanged ½ Urach in 1254 for ½ Wittlingen.  “H. comes de Vürstenberch...et Agnes uxor nostra comitissa” granted protection to the Franciscans at Villingen by charter dated 15 Jan 1268[1182].  “Hainricus comes de Urach dominus in Furstenberg” sold property to the nuns at Villingen, with the consent of “heredum nostrorum videlicet domini comitis Gotfridi fratris nostri canonici Constantiensis ecclesie nec non...Agnetis uxoris nostre”, by charter dated 3 Feb 1270[1183].  The Annales Colmarienses record that "comes Heinricus, frater comitis Friburgensis" destroyed "Claustrum Gutnowe" in 1272[1184].  Rektor of the Romagna and the Maritima: Rudolf I King of Germany appointed “H. comitem de Furstenberg consanguineum nostrum” as “Romaniola et maritima regio...rectoris” by charter dated [Jul/Sep] 1275[1185].  Landgraf in der Baar.  “H. comes de Furstenberch, lantgravius in Bara” sold property to “Cunrado et Heinrico sacerdotibus prebendariis in Hvuingen” by charter dated 7 Aug 1283[1186].  The Annales Sindelfingenses record the death "1284 post nativitatem domini" of "H. comes de Furstinberch"[1187]

m (before 1245) AGNES von Truhendingen, daughter of FRIEDRICH Graf von Truhendingen & his wife Agnes --- (-after 20 Sep 1294).  “H. comes de Vürstenberch...et Agnes uxor nostra comitissa” granted protection to the Franciscans at Villingen by charter dated 15 Jan 1268[1188].  “Hainricus comes de Urach dominus in Furstenberg” sold property to the nuns at Villingen, with the consent of “heredum nostrorum videlicet domini comitis Gotfridi fratris nostri canonici Constantiensis ecclesie nec non...Agnetis uxoris nostre”, by charter dated 3 Feb 1270[1189].  Her family origin is confirmed by the charter dated 7 Dec 1278 under which “cometissa de Furstinberch” donated property at “Pheffelingen”, previously conferred by “frater meus Ludewicus de Truhendingen et ego” on the Teutonic Knights, to Kloster Zimmern[1190]

Graf Heinrich & his wife had six children: 

1.         FRIEDRICH [I] (-1296 before 8 May).  Graf von Fürstenberg.  "Grave Friderich, G. Egen, G. Cunrat et G. Gebhart, Graven Hainrichen von Fürstenberch seligen…sune" confirmed the rights of the town of Billingen by charter dated 16 Oct 1284[1191]m (before 19 Dec 1291) UDELHILD von Wolfach, daughter of FRIEDRICH von Wolfach & his wife ---.  1291/1325.  Graf Friedrich [I] & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         HEINRICH [II] (-14 Dec 1337, bur Kloster auf Hof Neidingen).  Graf von Fürstenberg zu Fürstenberg und Wartenberg.  m (before 5 Oct 1308, Papal dispensation 3o 9 Sep 1318) VERENA von Freiburg, daughter of HEINRICH Graf von Freiburg & his wife Anna von Wartenberg (-25 Dec 1320, bur Freiburg Dominican church).  Heiress of Wartenberg und Hausach. 

-        GRAFEN von FÜRSTENBERG zu FÜRSTENBERG[1192]

b)         KONRAD (-25 Jan 1346, bur Kloster Lichtental bei Baden-Baden).  Canon at Strasbourg cathedral 1318.  The necrology of Nidingen records the death "VIII Kal Feb" of "graff Conradt von Furstenberg tegan zu Strosberg"[1193]

c)         FRIEDRICH .  Knight of the Order of St John.  1299/1309. 

d)         ANNA (-after 3 Sep 1321) JOHANN von Geroldseck in Sulz (-before 3 Sep 1321). 

e)         [MARTHA .  Nun at Neidingen.] 

2.         EGEN (-23 Apr 1324).  "Grave Friderich, G. Egen, G. Cunrat et G. Gebhart, Graven Hainrichen von Fürstenberch seligen…sune" confirmed the rights of the town of Billingen by charter dated 16 Oct 1284[1194]Graf von Fürstenberg 1281.  Herr zu Villingen und Haslach 1285.  Landgraf in der Baar 1307.  m (before 19 Jan 1298) --- von Hachberg, daughter of HEINRICH [II] Markgraf von Hachberg & his wife Anna von Üsenberg. 

-        GRAFEN von FÜRSTENBERG zu VILLINGEN und HASLACH[1195]

3.         KONRAD (-[8 Oct 1320/14 Feb 1321]).  "Grave Friderich, G. Egen, G. Cunrat et G. Gebhart, Graven Hainrichen von Fürstenberch seligen…sune" confirmed the rights of the town of Billingen by charter dated 16 Oct 1284[1196].  Canon at Strasbourg 1273.  Konrad had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

a)         KATHARINA .  Nun at Friedenweiler 1321. 

4.         GEBHARD (-7 May 1337).  "Grave Friderich, G. Egen, G. Cunrat et G. Gebhart, Graven Hainrichen von Fürstenberch seligen…sune" confirmed the rights of the town of Billingen by charter dated 16 Oct 1284[1197].  Priest. 

5.         MARGARETA (-1296, bur Klosterkirche Kirchberg bei Haigerloch).  The Annales Sindelfingenses record the marriage of "comes Albertus in Onfridingen XIV Kal Aug 1282" but does not give his wife's name[1198].  "Albertus Comes de Hohenberg et Margaretha coniux eiusdem" donated property to Kloster Kirchberg by charter dated 12 Jul 1291[1199]m (Hohenfriedingen 19 Jul 1282) as his second wife, ALBRECHT [II] "der Minnesänger" Graf von Hohenberg, son of BURKHARD [V] Graf von Hohenberg [Zollern] & his wife Mechtild von Tübingen (-killed in battle Oberndorf 17 Apr 1298, bur Klosterkirche Kirchberg bei Haigerloch). 

6.         ELISABETH .  1286/1310.  m firstly BERTHOLD von Falkensteinm secondly (before 1286) GOTTFRIED Graf von Tübingen (-24 Feb 1316). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    GRAFEN im HEGAU

 

 

Hegau was situated north-west of Lake Constance, north of the river Rhine, in the southern part of the present-day German region of Baden-Württemberg.  

 

 

A.      GRAFEN von NELLENBURG, GRAFEN von MÖRSBERG

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         DIETRICH, son of --- & his wife --- [im Zürichgau] (-1108 or after).  "Burchardus comes cum Adelberto comite advocato predicti monasterii et Theoderico fratre illius" confirmed possessions of Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated to [1100/05], confirmed by "Burchardo comiti cum nepotibus suis…"[1200].  Graf von Bürglen 1092.  Graf von Nellenburg.  "Burchardus comes de Nellenburc" donated property "in villa..:Scafhusa predium…Hemmendal cum silva Randa" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 27 Feb 1100, witnessed by "Berhtolfi ducis de Zaringen, Herimanni marchionis de Linthburch, Theodorici comitis de Nellenburch, Ludwici comitis de Stoffeln, Berhtolfi comitis de Marstetin…"[1201]m ---.  The name of Dietrich's wife is not known.  Graf Dietrich & his wife had two children: 

a)         BERTHOLD (-before 12 Jun 1112).  Graf von Marstetten {Marstetten am Iller, Württemberg}.  "Burchardus comes de Nellenburc" donated property "in villa..:Scafhusa predium…Hemmendal cum silva Randa" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 27 Feb 1100, witnessed by "Berhtolfi ducis de Zaringen, Herimanni marchionis de Linthburch, Theodorici comitis de Nellenburch, Ludwici comitis de Stoffeln, Berhtolfi comitis de Marstetin…"[1202]m ---.  The name of Berthold's wife is not known.  Graf Berthold & his wife had two children:

i)          IRMENGARD .  1112. 

ii)         HADWIG .  1112. 

b)         EBERHARDpatruus and Vogt of Irmengard and Hadwig in 1112.  m ---.  The name of Eberhard's wife is not known.  Graf Eberhard & his wife had [two] children:

i)          [EBERHARD [II] .  Graf von Nellenburg 1132/1169.  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "Ebirhardo comite de Nellinburc", undated but dateable to [1152][1203].  "…Eberhardus comes de Nellenburch…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Nov 1155 under which Emperor Friedrich I confirmed possessions of the church of Konstanz[1204].] 

ii)         [daughter m MARQUARD [I] Graf von Veringen, son of --- (-6 May after 1165).  1123/1165. 

2.         ADALBERT, son of --- & his wife --- [im Zürichgau] (-before 30 Aug 1125).  Vogt von Allerheiligen zu Schaffhausen and Pfaffen-Schwabenheim 1098/1124.  "Eberhardus de Wata" donated property "in loco…Griezpach" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated to [1100], witnessed by "Adelbertus comes et advocatus…"[1205].  "Burchardus comes cum Adelberto comite advocato predicti monasterii et Theoderico fratre illius" confirmed possessions of Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated to [1100/05], confirmed by "Burchardo comiti cum nepotibus suis…"[1206]Graf von Mörsberg [1105].  Graf von Dill 1107.  "Trudewinus de Grizpach" donated property to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 6 May 1111, witnessed by "Adelbertus comes de Morisberk, advocatus predicti monasterii…"[1207].  Suger absolved "Albertus nobilis comes Morspecensis" of the excommunication pronounced against him for taking domains of the abbey of Saint-Denis by charter dated [1125], which also records his marriage to "filiam Theoderici viri clarissimi de Monte Beliardo" who brought her husband various possessions of Saint-Denis "Blitestorp, Tatingum, Sulces, Fardulviler, Fehingas, Viler, Hoenchirche, Torneswile, Pretene" as dowry[1208]m MATHILDE de Mousson, daughter of THIERRY de Mousson [Bar] & his wife Ermentrude de Bourgogne [Comté].  Suger records the marriage of "Albertus nobilis comes Morspecensis" and "filiam Theoderici viri clarissimi de Monte Beliardo" who brought her husband various possessions of Saint-Denis "Blitestorp, Tatingum, Sulces, Fardulviler, Fehingas, Viler, Hoenchirche, Torneswile, Pretene" as dowry[1209].  Graf Adalbert & his wife had two children: 

a)         IRMENTRUD .  Nun at St Agnes, Schaffhausen. 

b)         MATHILDE (-12 Mar [1152/1180]).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 30 Aug 1125 under which "Maynardus…comes Morspeccensis" donated the priory of la Celle near Metz to Suger abbé de Saint-Denis after the death of "Adalberti comitis" whose daughter "Mattildis" he had married[1210].  "Meginhardus" donated "predium Illinowa…apud Sueviam in pago Zurichowa" to Schaffhausen St Salvator, naming "uxoris mee Mahtilde…filia [Adilberti de Morsberk]", by charter dated 21 Sep 1127[1211].  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of Kloster Schwabenheim by "comes Meginhardus de Spanheim…et uxoris sue Methildis", previously founded by "comes Eberhardus cum domina Hadewiga matre sua" [Graf im Zürichgau/Nellenburg, supposed ancestor of Meginhard´s wife], by charter dated 1130[1212].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "IV Id Mar" of "Mechtildis com in Dilingen sor n c"[1213]m [firstly] (before 7 Jun 1124) MEGINHARD Graf von Sponheim und Mörsberg, son of STEFAN [I] Graf [von Sponheim] & his wife Sophie --- (-[1136/45]).  He founded Kloster Pfaffenschwaben with his wife.  [m secondly ADALBERT [I] Graf von Dillingen und Kiburg, son of HARTMANN [I] Graf von Dillingen & his wife Adelheid von Winterthur (-12 Sep 1151).] 

 

 

 

B.      GRAFEN von STOFFELN

 

 

1.         LUDWIG (-after 1116).  Graf im Hegau.  "Gozpertus" donated property "in pago Hegouva in comitatu Lodewici in loco…Biberaha" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 27 Dec 1093[1214].  "Heinricus et uxor mea Gepa" donated property "in pago Hegova in comitatu Ludowici in loco…Wiseholza" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 27 Dec 1094[1215]Graf im Undersee.  "Meginfredus" donated property "in pago Underse in comitatu Ludewici in loco…Orsinga" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 27 Dec 1094[1216]Graf von Stoffeln [Hohenstoffeln, near Engen, Baden].  "Burchardus comes de Nellenburc" donated property "in villa..:Scafhusa predium…Hemmendal cum silva Randa" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 27 Feb 1100, witnessed by "Berhtolfi ducis de Zaringen, Herimanni marchionis de Linthburch, Theodorici comitis de Nellenburch, Ludwici comitis de Stoffeln, Berhtolfi comitis de Marstetin…"[1217].  "Sigefridus et fratres mei Conradus, Eberhardus et Ogoz" donated property "in pago Hegouva in comitatu Lodewici in locis…Ruti ze Hohenstetin…in pago Argouva sub comitatu Odalrici in…locis ze Willineshowo, ze Stofen, ze Nunnenwilare…in pago Briscaugia in comitatu Herimanni ze Hugenshein, necnon etiam in pago Heregouva…sub comitatu Manegoldi in villa…Polster" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 21 Apr 1101, witnessed by "Burcardi comitis de Rammeshein…"[1218].  "Otto de Chirichberk" donated property to the monastery in the presence of "domna Mahtilda sorore predicti Werinharii", by charter dated 1116, witnessed by "Hartmannus comes et filius eius Hartmannus de Chirichberk, Hartmannus comes de Gerohusen et frater eius Adelbertus comes, Wolferadus comes de Alshusin, Rodulfus comes de Bregantio, Lodewicus comes de Stofiln, Odalricus comes de Gamirtingen…"[1219]

 

 

 

C.      GRAFEN von STÜHLINGEN

 

 

1.         GERUNGGraf von Stühlingen [near Bonndorf, Baden].  An undated charter, dated to the reign of Heinrich IV King of Germany [1056/84], which records a donation to Rheinau was signed "apud Rammisheim in pago Hegouve in comitatu Uodalrici comitis de Rammesperch" in the presence of "Gerungo comite de Stulingen"[1220]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    GRAFEN im LINZGAU

 

 

A.      GRAFEN im LINZGAU, GRAFEN von ALTDORF (WELF)

 

 

Linzgau was situated north of Lake Constance, and east of Hegau, in southern Württemberg. 

 

The Genealogia Welforum[1221], the first genealogy of the Welf family, was compiled in the mid-1120s in upper Germany and a decade later in Lüneburg.  A document comprising ten short paragraphs, it is uncertain whether the earlier parts of the family are accurately represented:  in particular there is an apparent conflation of one generation (see below).  This was followed in [1170] by the Historia Welforum, written by an anonymous Swabian cleric in the entourage of Duke Welf [VI].  This repeats the often stated Trojan origin of the Franks, with the migrants settling on the banks of the Rhine, and more specifically the descent of the Welf family from "filiam…senatoris Romani…Katilina"[1222].  The name Welf was not applied to the whole dynasty until the 12th century, this unusual first name being an abbreviation of "Welfhard" or "Bernwelf" and signifying puppy[1223].  Migrating into Swabia from the area of Metz, the family's territories were at first centred around the Argen and Schussen, districts north-east of Lake Constance.  They expanded northwards along the Lech river, acquiring a second power-base in the Ammer and Augst districts on the border with Bavaria[1224].  The reduction in the central authority of the dukes of Swabia within their duchy enabled the Welf family to increase its own power from the end-11th century, from which time they exercised the authority of dukes in their extensive territories without the ducal title. 

 

 

WELF [I], son of ROTHARD Graf & his wife --- (-[824/25]).  Settipani names Welf [I] as son of Rothard[1225] but does not cite the primary source on which this is based.  The Annalista Saxo names "de principibus Bawarorum qui fuit binomius, name et Eticho et Welfus dicebatur" who was father of Empress Judith[1226].  From the area of Metz.  Moved to Bavaria.  Graf in Swabia. 

m HEILWIG, daughter of ---.  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "filiam Hwelfi ducis sui, qui erat de nobilissima progenie Bawariorum…Iudith…ex parte matris…Eigilwi nobilissimi generic Saxonici" as second wife of Emperor Ludwig[1227].  She was installed as Abbess of Chelles, near Paris, through the influence of her daughter Empress Judith. 

Welf [I] & his wife had four children: 

1.         RUDOLF [I] (-15 Oct 866).  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names (in order) "Chuonradum et Ruodolfum" as brothers of Empress Judith[1228].  He was given the abbeys of Saint-Riquier and Jumièges, through the influence of his sister Empress Judith.  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Rodolphe…du sang imperial…oncle du glorieux roi Charles" succeeded abbé Louis as lay abbot of Saint-Riquier[1229].  The Annales Alamannicorum record "Hruodolfus frater Iudith Augustæ" among those who swore allegiance in 864[1230]Comte de Sens.  The Annales Bertiniani record the death in 866 of "Rodulfus Karoli regis avunculus"[1231].  The Adonis Continuatio records the death in 866 of "avunculus quoque eius [Carolo, Ludovici filii"] Radulfus, consiliarius primusque palatii"[1232].  Two contemporary Epitafia commemorate "nobilis…Rhuodulfus", the second recording his death "Idus octavo"[1233]m HRUODUN, daughter of --- (-after 867).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

-        COMTES de SENS

2.         CONRAD "l'Ancien" (-22 Mar [862/66]).  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names (in order) "Chuonradum et Ruodolfum" as brothers of Empress Judith[1234].  Graf von Linz- und Argengau.  Dux.  Nithard records that Conrad and his brother Rudolf were forcibly tonsured in [Apr 830] by their sister's stepson, Lothar, then in revolt against his father, and sent to Aquitaine "to be held by Pepin"[1235].  Comte de Paris.  The Miraculis Sancti Germani record that "Chuonradus princeps" was cured of an eye problem by the saint, and that he built the church of Saint-Germain at Auxerre in thanks[1236].  An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus"[1237].  "Ludowicus…rex" confirmed an exchange between Grimald abbot of St Gallen and "quidam comis…Chuonratus" relating to property in Linzgau and Argengau, by charter dated 1 Apr 861[1238].  A poem by Walahfridus Strabus records the epitaph of "Chonradum comitem"[1239].  The necrology of Auxerre cathedral records the death 22 Mar of "Conradus comes"[1240]m ADELAIS [de Tours], daughter of HUGUES Comte [de Tours] & his wife Ava ---.  The Miraculis Sancti Germani name "Adheleid" as wife of "Chuonradus princeps"[1241].  A poem by Walahfridus Strabus records the epitaph of "Adelheidam"[1242].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Some secondary works[1243] assert that the second husband of Adelais was Robert "le Fort" [Capet].  If this is correct, Adelais must have been Comte Robert's second or third wife as his known children were already born by the time Adelais's husband Conrad died.  The assertion appears based on the Chronicle of St Bénigne de Dijon which names "duo filii Rotberti Andegavorum comitis, frs Hugonis abbatis, senior Odo…Robertus alter"[1244].  Settipani states that the passage is a 12th century interpolation and has little historical value, although he does suggest that it is likely that the wife of Comte Robert was a close relation of Adelais without providing the basis for this statement[1245].  A family connection between Comte Robert and Conrad Comte de Paris is also suggested by the former being invested with the county of Auxerre in 865, after this county was confiscated from the latter (as recorded by Hincmar[1246]), on the assumption that there was some basis of heredity behind the transmission of counties in France at that time (which is probable, but remains unproven).  Comte Conrad & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         WELF (-before 876).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Linzgau 842/850.  Graf im Alpgau 852/858.  m ---.  The name of Welf's wife is not known.  Graf Welf & his wife had [two possible children]: 

i)          [CONRAD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Linzgau.]

ii)         [ETICHO (-after 911, bur Ammergau).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Ammergau.] 

-         see below

b)         CONRAD (-876).  His parentage is deduced from Regino who names "Ruodolfus filius Chuonradi, nepos Huggonis abbatis"[1247], the latter being recorded in the Miraculis Sancti Germani as "Hugo" one of the sons of "Chuonradus princeps", the patron of the church of Saint-Germain at Auxerre[1248].  He helped save Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks after the invasion of Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks.  Comte d'Auxerre.  He fell into disgrace in 861, and passed into the service of the sons of Emperor Lothar.  He received from Emperor Louis the territories of Genève, Lausanne and Sion.  Marquis de Transjurane in Dec 864 after he killed comte Hubert [Bosonide][1249]

-        KINGS of BURGUNDY

c)         HUGO (-Orléans 12 May 886, bur Saint-Germain d'Auxerre).  The Annales Bertiniani name "Hugoni clerico, avunculi sui [=Karoli regis] Chonradi filio" when recording that he received the counties of Tours and Angers in 866[1250].  Abbot of Saint-Germain d'Auxerre 853.  The Miraculis Sancti Germani names "Hugo" as one of the sons of "Chuonradus princeps" who continued to patronise the church of Saint-Germain at Auxerre after their father's death[1251].  Imperial missus in Auxerre in 853.  Abbot of Saint-Riquier until 861.  Abbot of Saint-Bertin 859/62.  He was a supporter of King Lothar 861/865.  He was elected Archbishop of Köln in 864.  The Annales Xantenses record that "quidam tirannicus Hugo…filius predicti Cuonradi" (the previous paragraph naming "Cuonradi fratris quondam Iuthit reginæ") succeeded as archbishop of Köln[1252].  Marquis de Neustrie, Comte de Tours et d'Angers 866.  Comte d'Auxerre in [866], assuming that Hugues was appointed to succeed Robert "le Fort" in this as well as the latter's other counties, although the primary source which confirms this beyond doubt has not yet been identified.  Abbot of Saint-Martin de Tours 866.  Abbot of St Vaast, Arras [874].  Abbot of Saint-Aignan, Orléans before 876.  Abbot of Saint-Julien d'Auxerre 877.  Chaplain of the imperial chapel in [880].  "Hugo consobrinus eius [Conradi]" succeeded his cousin [as Abbot of Saint-Colombe de Sens] in 882, recording that he was "clericatus in Palatio"[1253].  "Karolus…imperator augustus" confirmed a donation by "Hugo…propinquus noster" of property "villam Apiarias in pago Aurelianensi" to "episcopo Adalaldo archiepiscopo simulque Rainoni episcopo, fratri eiusdem" at the request of "Odo comes" by charter dated 27 Oct 886[1254]Regino records the death in 887 of "Hugo abba" at Orléans and his burial "apud Sanctum Germanum Autisiodoro"[1255].  The necrology of Auxerre cathedral records the death 12 May of "Hugo abbas"[1256]

d)         RUDOLF .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

e)         [JUDITH].  The identity of Udo's wife is not known with certainty.  According to Jackman[1257], she may have been the daughter of Konrad Graf im Linz- und Argengau, whom he speculates was named Judith.  King Arnulf in a charter dated 19 May 891 names "Chonradi…comitis et nepotis nostri"[1258].  The speculation is that the relationship may have been through Konrad's mother who, if identified as the daughter of Graf Konrad, was the niece of King Arnulf's paternal grandmother Queen Hemma.  m UDO Graf im Lahngau, son of GEBHARD Graf im Niederlahngau [Konradiner] & his wife ---.  860/879.] 

3.         JUDITH ([805]-Tours 19 Apr 843, bur Tours Saint-Martin).  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "filiam Hwelfi ducis sui, qui erat de nobilissima progenie Bawariorum…Iudith…ex parte matris…Eigilwi nobilissimi generic Saxonici" as second wife of Emperor Louis, specifying that she was "enim pulchra valde"[1259].  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records the marriage of "Iudith filiam Welponis…comitis" and Emperor Louis I[1260].  The Annales Xantenses record the marriage in Feb 819 of "Ludewicus imperator" and "Iudith"[1261].  Judith was influential with her husband, which increased the tensions with his sons by his first marriage.  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "quondam duce Bernhardo, qui erat de stirpe regali" was accused of violating "Iudith reginam" but comments that this was all lies[1262].  Judith was exiled to the monastery of Sainte-Croix de Poitiers during the first rebellion of her stepsons in 830, was released in 831, but exiled again to Tortona in Italy in 833 from where she was brought back in Apr 834[1263].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "XIII Kal Mai" of "Judith regina"[1264].  The Annales Xantenses record the death in 843 of "Iudhit imperatrix mater Karoli" at Tours[1265]m (Aix-la-Chapelle Feb 819) as his second wife, Emperor LOUIS I, son of Emperor CHARLES I "Charlemagne" King of the Franks & his second wife Hildegardis (Chasseneuil-du-Poitou {Vienne} [16 Apr/Sep] 778-island in the Rhine near Ingelheim 20 Jun 840, bur bur Metz, église abbatiale de Saint-Arnoul).  

4.         EMMA [Hemma] (-31 Jan 876, bur Regensburg St Emmeran).  The Annales Xantenses record the marriage in 827 of "Ludewicus rex" and "sororem Iudith imperatricis" but does not name her[1266].  This appears to be the only source in which her origin is given.  "Ludowicus…rex" made a donation to St Felix & Regula in Zurich naming "filia nostra Bertha…[et] coniugis nostræ Hemmæ" by charter dated 29 Oct 863[1267].  The Gesta Francorum records that "Hemma quoque regina" became paralysed in 874, died at Regensburg in 876 and was buried in the church of St Emmeran[1268].  The necrology of Regensburg St Emmeran records the death "II Kal Feb" of "Hemma regina hic sepulta"[1269].  The necrology of Augia Divis records the death "II Kal Feb" of "Hemma regina"[1270].  The necrology of Nonnberg records the death "2 Kal Jan" of "Hemma imperatrix sor na"[1271]m (827) LOUIS King of Bavaria and Carinthia, son of Emperor LOUIS I "le Pieux" & his first wife Ermengardis [de Hesbaye] ([806]-Frankfurt-am-Main 28 Aug 876, bur Kloster Lorsch).  He was installed in 843 as LUDWIG II "le Germanique" King of the East Franks

 

 

ETICHO, son of [WELF [I] Graf im Linz- und Alpgau & his wife ---] (-after 911, bur Ammergau).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The Historia Welforum names "Eticho…Iuditæ frater"[1272] but this is chronologically impossible.  Graf im Ammergau. 

m ---.  The name of Eticho's wife is not known. 

Eticho & his wife had one child:  

1.         HEINRICH "mit dem goldenen Wagen/cum aureo curru" (-after 934).  The Historia Welforum names "Heinricum I" as son of "Eticho"[1273].  The Genealogia Welforum names "filium Heinricum et filiam Hiltigardam" as children of "Eticho", specifying that Hildegard married "Ludowicus Balbus imperator"[1274] although the latter is clearly incorrect.  This is repeated in the Urspergensium Chronicon[1275].  According to legend, Heinrich was offered as a fief by the emperor as much land as he could plough at noon-day.  Using a golden plough drawn by a relay of saddle horses, he encircled a large area while the emperor slept, hence his nickname[1276].  He founded Kloster Altdorf in 935 at the foot of the family's main castle at Altdorf[1277].  A codex of Kloster Weingarten records that "Henricus…pater…sancti Cunradi episcopi cum uxore sua Beata et filiis sui Ethichone et Rudolfo" constructed Kloster Altorf, adding that "Beata cum filio suo Rudolfo" were buried there[1278]m ATA von Hohenwart, daughter of --- (-after 975).  The Genealogia Welforum names "Atham" as wife of "Heinricum", but does not give her origin[1279].  The Historia Welforum names "de Hohunwarthe in Baioaria, Beatem" as wife of "Heinricus"[1280].  A member of a noble family in the Weltheim area, she brought territory in Bavaria to her husband[1281].  A codex of Kloster Weingarten records that "Henricus…pater…sancti Cunradi episcopi cum uxore sua Beata et filiis sui Ethichone et Rudolfo" constructed Kloster Altorf, adding that "Beata cum filio suo Rudolfo" were buried there[1282].  Heinrich & his wife had three children: 

a)         ETICHO (- ----, bur Konstanz Cathedral).  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "sanctum Counradum Constanciensem episcopum, Etichonem et Roudolfum" as the three sons of "Heinricus" & his wife, specifying that Eticho died without having married and was buried at Konstanz[1283].  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "tres fratres Rodulfus, Eticho, qui et Welphus, et Conradus; qui tempore Heinrici regis, patris Ottonis Magni extiterunt"[1284].  The Genealogia Welforum names (in order) "sanctum Chunradum Constantinensem episcopum, Etichonem et Rudolfem" as children of "Heinricum" & his wife, specifying that Eticho died unmarried but left illegitimate children from whom descend "illi de Hezilescella, de Ustera, de Ramphteswilaren"[1285].  A codex of Kloster Weingarten records that "Henricus…pater…sancti Cunradi episcopi cum uxore sua Beata et filiis sui Ethichone et Rudolfo" constructed Kloster Altorf, adding that "Beata cum filio suo Rudolfo" were buried there[1286].  Eticho had [---] illegitimate children by an unknown mistress: 

i)          children .  The Historia Welforum refers to the daughter of Eticho and "de ministerialibus suis filiam" from whom were descended "de Heciliscella, de Ustera, de Raprehteswillare et eorum cognatio"[1287]

b)         [St.] KONRAD (-26 Nov 975).  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "sanctum Counradum Constanciensem episcopum, Etichonem et Roudolfum" as the three sons of "Heinricus" & his wife, specifying that Konrad owned "Alidorf, et Wolpoteswende, Berge, Fronehoven…et omnia ultra fluvium nostrum Scuzina" from the paternal patrimony, exchanging these properties with his brother Rudolf for "Ensilingen, Audilvingen…in Alsatia Colmir et infra Retiam Curiensem Amidis, Flumines, Lugeniz"[1288].  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "tres fratres Rodulfus, Eticho, qui et Welphus, et Conradus; qui tempore Heinrici regis, patris Ottonis Magni extiterunt", specifying that Konrad was Bishop of Konstanz[1289].  The Genealogia Welforum names (in order) "sanctum Chunradum Constantinensem episcopum, Etichonem et Rudolfem" as children of "Heinricum" & his wife[1290].  Bishop of Konstanz 934.  A codex of Kloster Weingarten records that "Henricus…pater…sancti Cunradi episcopi cum uxore sua Beata et filiis sui Ethichone et Rudolfo" constructed Kloster Altorf, adding that "Beata cum filio suo Rudolfo" were buried there[1291]

c)         RUDOLF (- ----, bur Altdorf).  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "sanctum Counradum Constanciensem episcopum, Etichonem et Roudolfum" as the three sons of "Heinricus" & his wife[1292].  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "tres fratres Rodulfus, Eticho, qui et Welphus, et Conradus; qui tempore Heinrici regis, patris Ottonis Magni extiterunt"[1293].  The Genealogia Welforum names (in order) "sanctum Chunradum Constantinensem episcopum, Etichonem et Rudolfem" as children of "Heinricum" & his wife[1294].  A codex of Kloster Weingarten records that "Henricus…pater…sancti Cunradi episcopi cum uxore sua Beata et filiis sui Ethichone et Rudolfo" constructed Kloster Altorf, adding that "Beata cum filio suo Rudolfo" were buried there[1295]m --- (bur Altdorf).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Rudolf & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          [RUDOLF (-10 Mar ----, bur Altdorf).] 

-         see below

ii)         [1296]ETICHO (-988).  Bishop of Augsburg. 

 

 

RUDOLF, son of [RUDOLF Graf von Altdorf & his wife ---] (-10 Mar ----, bur Altdorf).  All the near contemporary primary sources so far consulted name Rudolf, father of Heinrich and Welf [II] as the brother of Konrad Bishop of Konstanz.  For example, Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Couniza, Welphonis primi nostri advocati mater, filia…Welphonis Carentorum ducis qui fuit Roudolfi fratris sancti Counradi filius"[1297].  If this is correct, Ita von Öhningen would have been at least 40 years younger than her husband.  As this seems unlikely, the most probable explanation is that there has been a conflation of two individuals, father and son, both named Rudolf but there is no proof that this is correct.  The Historia Welforum records that "Roudolfus" was buried "in Altorfensi cenobio iuxta patrem et matrem"[1298].  The necrology of Weingarten records the death "VI Id Mar" of "Ruodolfus com frater sancti Chuonradi…et Welf filius eius…hic sepulti"[1299]

m ITA von Öhningen, daughter of KONRAD Duke of Swabia [Konradiner] & his wife Richlint --- ([970/75]-16 Oct ----).  The Genealogia Welforum names "de Oningen Itam…cuius pater fuit Chuno comes, mater vero filia Ottonis Magni imperatoris" as wife of Rudolf[1300].  The Historia Welforum refers to the four daughters of "Couno comes" and "filia Ottonis magnis imperatoris…Richlint", specifying that they married "una Roudolfo isti [=Welforum], alia cuidam de Rinveldin, parenti Zaringiorum, tercia regie Rugiorum, quarta comiti de Diezon"[1301].  As noted in the document SWABIA DUKES, these two sources are unreliable in their recording of the sons of Konrad I Duke of Swabia, so should not be assumed to be any more precise in recording his daughters.  Her birth date is estimated assuming that her parents married in [968].  The necrology of Weingarten records the death "XVII Kal Nov" of "Ita com uxor Ruodolfi comitis"[1302]

Rudolf & his wife had three children: 

1.         HEINRICH (-15 Nov [1000]).  The Genealogia Welforum names "Heinricum, qui apud Lonon in venatione saxo percussis interiit, et Gwelfum huius nominis primum" as sons of Rudolf and Ita[1303].  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "Heinricum et Guelfonem et filiam Richgardam" as the children of "Roudolfus" & his wife, specifying that Heinrich was buried "sub annis adolescentie in Venusta valle iuxta villam Lounon in venatione saxo percussus"[1304].  Graf in Altdorf.  The necrology of Weingarten records the donation "VI Id Feb" of "predium Minigolsowe" by "Heinricus com filius Ruodolfi comitis hic sepultus"[1305]

2.         WELF [II] (-10 Mar 1030, bur Altdorf).  The Genealogia Welforum names "Heinricum, qui apud Lonon in venatione saxo percussis interiit, et Gwelfum huius nominis primum" as sons of Rudolf and Ita, specifying that he was buried at Weingarten[1306].  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "Heinricum et Guelfonem et filiam Richgardam" as the children of "Roudolfus" & his wife[1307].  The Annalista Saxo names "Welphum comitem" as son of Rudolf (brother of Eticho/Welf and Konrad, although this appears difficult to sustain chronologically)[1308].  Graf von Altdorf.  Graf im Nori- und Inntal.  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" renewed the privileges of Kloster Fulda by undated charter, placed in the compilation with other charters dated 1020, witnessed by "Godifridi ducis, Berinhardi ducis, Thiederici ducis, Welphonis comitis, Cunonis comitis, Kunrati comitis, Ottonis comitis, Adilbrahtis comitis, Bobonis comitis, Friderici comitis, Bezilini comitis, Ezonis comitis palatini"[1309], the order of witnesses presumably giving some idea of the relative importance of these named nobles at the court of Emperor Heinrich II at the time.  A codex of Kloster Weingarten records that "dux Welfo…cum uxore sua Irmindrude…de Glizberc" transferred Kloster Altorf "super montem"[1310].  His county around the Brenner pass was confiscated by Emperor Konrad II as a punishment for Welf having supported Ernst Duke of Swabia in his rebellion in 1030[1311].  He built the castle of Ra vensburg on his Swabian lands which became the family's chief residence[1312].  The necrology of Weingarten records the death "VI Id Mar" of "Ruodolfus com frater sancti Chuonradi…et Welf filius eius…hic sepulti"[1313]m ([1015]) IRMTRUD [Imiza], daughter of [FRIEDRICH Graf im Moselgau] [Wigeriche] & his wife --- [von Hammerstein] [Konradiner] (-21 Aug [1055], bur Altomünster).  The Historia Welforum names "de gente Salica de castro Glizberch, Imizam…sororem Heinrici ducis Noricorum et Friderici ducis Lotharingiorum et Adilberonis episcopi Metensis" as wife of "Guelfo…Roudolfi filius"[1314].  The Genealogia Welforum names "Salice --- de Glizperch Imizam nomine, Heinrici Noricorum ducis sororem et Friderici ducis Lotharingorum et Alberonis Metensis episcopi" as wife of Welf, specifying that she was buried at Altenmünster and that her dowry was "villam Moringen et Elisinam curtem in Longobardia"[1315].  Irmtrud´s father is shown above in square brackets to indicate doubt: there is some possibility that she was born from an earlier marriage of her mother´s, explained further in the document FRANCONIA NOBILITY.  If that is correct, she was IRMTRUD [Imiza] daughter of --- von Gleiberg & his wife --- [von Hammerstein].  Jordan suggests that the land in Lombardy was probably near Este[1316], which could explain their daughter's marriage as her husband may have been a neighbouring landowner.  After the death of her son, she contested his will under which he bequeathed all his property to the convent of Weingarten, and summoned her grandson from Italy to assume the inheritance in Swabia and Bavaria. The nuns of Weingarten were resettled in Altomünster in Bavaria, relocating the monks to Weingarten as part of the settlement of the dispute[1317].  A codex of Kloster Weingarten records that "dux Welfo…cum uxore sua Irmindrude…de Glizberc" transferred Kloster Altorf "super montem"[1318]Herimannus names "Irmengarda, Welf comitis vidua" when recording the transfer to her of Altdorf by the monks[1319].  The necrology of Weingarten records the death "XII Kal Sep" of "Irmindruot com que et Imiza mater Welfonis et Chuonize"[1320].  Welf [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         WELF [III] (-Burg Bodman 13 Nov 1055).  The Historia Welforum names "filiam Chunizam…et filium…Guelfum" as the children of "Guelfo…Roudolfi filius", specifying that Welf acquired "ducatum Carinthiorum et marchiam Veronensem"[1321]Herimannus names "Welf comitem, Suevigenam, Welf dudum comitis filium" when recording his installation as Duke of Carinthia in 1047[1322].  He transferred the convent of Altdorf to a site on Martinsberg and renamed it Weingarten[1323].  He was installed as WELF I Duke of Carinthia and Marchese di Verona by Heinrich III King of Germany in 1047.  He conspired with Konrad de Luxembourg Duke of Bavaria to depose Emperor Heinrich III, but the plot was discovered and Welf was deposed as Duke of Carinthia[1324].  Under his will, he left all his property to the convent at Weingarten, intending to be buried there.  His mother contested the testament on the grounds that she, as lawful heir, had not consented to it[1325].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 1055 of "Welf dux"[1326].  The necrology of Weingarten records the death "Id Nov" of "Welfo dux Carinthie hic sepultus"[1327]

b)         KUNIGUNDE ([1020]-31 Mar before 1055, bur Vangadizza Monastery).  The Annalista Saxo names "Cunizam" as daughter of Welf, and her husband "Azoni marchioni de Langobardia de castris Calun et Estin"[1328].  The Genealogia Welforum names "Cunizam" as daughter of Welf and Imiza, specifying that she married "marchio Etius cum curte Elisina"[1329]m ([1035]) as his first wife, ALBERTO AZZO II Conte di Luni [Este], son of ALBERTO AZZO I Conte di Luni & his first wife Valdriada Candriada (-1097, bur Vangadizza Monastery). 

c)         [KONRAD (-27 Aug 1031).  The Chronico Eberspergense records the death in 1031 of "Chuonradus…adoptivus filius Rihlindis amitæ eius"[1330].  There is no indication of his parentage although Graf Welf [II] is the only one of Richlind's brothers who is known to have had children.] 

3.         RICHLIND (-Burg Persenbeug 12 Jun 1045, bur Ebersberg monastery).  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "Heinricum et Guelfonem et filiam Richgardam" as the children of "Roudolfus" & his wife, specifying that Richgard married "unus de maioribus Baioariæ comitibus" but had no heirs, founded the monasteries of "Ebirsperc, Coubach, Gisinveld" and was buried at Ebersberg[1331].  The Genealogia Welforum names "Richardam" as daughter of Rudolf and Ita, specifying that she founded the monasteries of Ebersberg (jointly with her children "ex quondam ditissimo Bawarie comite"), Gisenvelt and Chubach and was buried at Ebersberg[1332].  The Chronico Eberspergensi names "Richlindem filiam Rudolfi Suevi sororem Welfhardi comitis qui rebellavit Heinrico regis secundo" as wife of "Adalpero [filii Udalrici]", specifying that she was childless[1333]m ADALBERO Graf von Ebersberg, son of UDALRICH Graf von Ebersberg, Marchese di Carniola [Sieghardinger] & his wife Richgardis von Viehbach [Eppensteiner] (-27 Mar 1045).

 

 

The precise relationship between the following individual and the Welf family has not yet been established: 

1.         OTHMAR .  The Casuum Sancti Galli, Continuatio I, Ekkehardo IV names "sancto Otmaro", commenting that he was "Ruodolfus…Welhardi comitis pater…prosapiæ…ipsum Welfhardus et Henricus filii eius"[1334]

 

 

 

B.      GRAFEN von FRICKINGEN und RAMMSEN

 

 

1.         BURKHARD (-after 21 Apr 1101).  Graf von Frickingen.  "Johanna" donated property "in pago Linzigouva in comitatu Ottonis in loco…Urenouva" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 4 Apr 1094, witnessed by "Berhtoldi ducis Suevorum, Burchardi comitis de Nellenburg advocati predicti monasterii, Manegoldi comitis et Wolfradi filii sui de Alshusen, Burchardi comitis de Frickinga…"[1335]Graf von Rammsen [Schaffhausen].  "Sigefridus et fratres mei Conradus, Eberhardus et Ogoz" donated property "in pago Hegouva in comitatu Lodewici in locis…Ruti ze Hohenstetin…in pago Argouva sub comitatu Odalrici in…locis ze Willineshowo, ze Stofen, ze Nunnenwilare…in pago Briscaugia in comitatu Herimanni ze Hugenshein, necnon etiam in pago Heregouva…sub comitatu Manegoldi in villa…Polster" to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 21 Apr 1101, witnessed by "Burcardi comitis de Rammeshein…"[1336]

 

 

 

C.      GRAFEN von HEILIGENBERG

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         HEINRICHGraf von Heiligenberg.  A list in the History of Salem Monastery of those present at a court of "duce Friderico" names "...Heinrico comite et Conrado fratre suo, advocato de Sancto-monte...", dated to after 11 Sep 1151[1337].  

2.         KONRAD .  A list in the History of Salem Monastery of those present at a court of "duce Friderico" names "...Heinrico comite et Conrado fratre suo, advocato de Sancto-monte...", dated to after 11 Sep 1151[1338]

 

 

1.         KONRAD (-before 1208)Graf von Heiligenberg.  “...Conradus comes de Sancto Monte...” witnessed the charter dated 1185 under which Friedrich Duke of Swabia granted protection to Salem monastery[1339]m as her first husband, ADELHEID, daughter of ---.  She married secondly Gottfried von Helfenstein Graf von Sigmaringen.  “Adelhaida comitissa de Sigmaringen” donated property to Kloster Salem “per manum...mariti mei comitis Gotefridi de Sigemaringen...[et] filii mei Bertoldi comitis de Sancto Monte” by charter dated 1220[1340].  "Gothfridus…comes de Sigemeringen et…nostra iugalis Adelheidis" donated property to Kloster Bebenhausen by charter dated to [1240][1341].  Konrad & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERTHOLD [I] (-after 1229).  Graf von Heiligenberg.  “Adelhaida comitissa de Sigmaringen” donated property to Kloster Salem “per manum...mariti mei comitis Gotefridi de Sigemaringen...[et] filii mei Bertoldi comitis de Sancto Monte” by charter dated 1220[1342].  "Bertholdus comes de Sancto Monte...cum coniuge mea Adelhaida...cum manu filii mei" donated “decimam in Swaindorf...” to Kloster Salem by charter dated 1220[1343]m ADELHEID, daughter of ---.  "Bertholdus comes de Sancto Monte...cum coniuge mea Adelhaida...cum manu filii mei" donated “decimam in Swaindorf...” to Kloster Salem by charter dated 1220[1344].  Berthold [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          BERTHOLD [I] (-2 May 1262).  Graf von Heiligenberg.  "Bertoldus comes Sacri Montis" donated property to Kloster Baind, at the request of "Conradi pincerne de Smalnegge", by charter dated Apr 1245[1345].  "Berhtoldus comes Sancti Montis" confirmed donations to Kloster Baind, with the consent of "domine Hadewigis coniugis nostre et universe prolis nostre", by charter dated 11 Oct 1253[1346]m ---.  The primary source which confirms the identity of Berthold’s wife has not been identified.  Berthold [II] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       KONRADGraf von Heiligenberg.  "Cunradus, Berhtoldus et Hainricus fratres de Sancto Monte" donated property to Kloster Salem, on the advice of “episcopi Curiensi avunculi nostri”, by charter dated 27 Dec 1264, witnessed by “...Friderico fratre domini episcopi Curiensis et Friderico patruele suo de Monteforti et Mangoldo filio comitis de Veringen, clericis...[1347]

(b)       BERTHOLD .  "Cunradus, Berhtoldus et Hainricus fratres de Sancto Monte" donated property to Kloster Salem, on the advice of “episcopi Curiensi avunculi nostri”, by charter dated 27 Dec 1264, witnessed by “...Friderico fratre domini episcopi Curiensis et Friderico patruele suo de Monteforti et Mangoldo filio comitis de Veringen, clericis...[1348]

(c)       HEINRICH .  "Cunradus, Berhtoldus et Hainricus fratres de Sancto Monte" donated property to Kloster Salem, on the advice of “episcopi Curiensi avunculi nostri”, by charter dated 27 Dec 1264, witnessed by “...Friderico fratre domini episcopi Curiensis et Friderico patruele suo de Monteforti et Mangoldo filio comitis de Veringen, clericis...[1349]

 

 

 

D.      GRAFEN von KIRCHBERG

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

1.         ALBAN (-after 20 Mar 1028).  Graf in Kirchberg.  "Albanus comes in Kirchberg" sold property "in comitatu et dominio nostro Kirchberg prope Siessen et Wald villas" to "Ernesto dicto Winckelhofer civi Augustensi" by charter dated 20 Mar 1028, witnessed by "Wilibaldo comite de Nordholtz, Gerundo comite de Bibereck, Salmando comite de Nuffen…"[1350]

 

2.         BERTHOLDGraf von Kirchberg.  The Codex Hirsaugiensis records that “Bertholdus comes de Chirchberg” donated property “in Gilesten” to Hirsau, undated[1351]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         HARTMANN [I] (-[2 Jan 1126/12 Jul 1127]).  Graf von Kirchberg.  "Werinharius de Chilcheim…cum matre mea Richinza" appointed "Ottonis de Chirchberc" to donate property to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 2 May 1092, witnessed by "comites Hartmannus de Chirchberch, Hartmannus de Gerohusin, Hugo de Tuwingin, Hugo de Cravinegga, Manegoldus de Alshusin…", and "predictus Otto de Chirichberk" donated the property to the monastery in the presence of "domna Mahtilda sorore predicti Werinharii", by charter dated 1116, witnessed by "Hartmannus comes et filius eius Hartmannus de Chirichberk, Hartmannus comes de Gerohusen et frater eius Adelbertus comes, Wolferadus comes de Alshusin, Rodulfus comes de Bregantio, Lodewicus comes de Stofiln, Odalricus comes de Gamirtingen…"[1352].  Pope Urban II granted protection to Kloster Wiblingen, founded by "Hartmannus comes et Otto frater eius", by charter dated 3 Apr 1098[1353].  Graf im Linzgau 1120.  Graf im Argengau 1122.  Lothar King of Germany confirmed donations to the monastery of St Blasius, at the request of "Hartmannus comes de Geroshusin, Manegoldus comes et filius eius Wolueradus de Isininum et de Alshusin, Hartmannus comes et frater eius Otto de Chilhperc...", by charter dated 2 Jan 1126[1354]m ---.  The name of Hartmann's wife is not known.  Hartmann [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         HARTMANN [II] (-after 1127).  Graf von Kirchberg.  "Otto de Chirichberk" donated property to the monastery in the presence of "domna Mahtilda sorore predicti Werinharii", by charter dated 1116, witnessed by "Hartmannus comes et filius eius Hartmannus de Chirichberk…"[1355].  “Hartmannus comes et frater eius Eberhardus eque comes de Kirichberch” witnessed the charter dated 1127 for Kloster St. Ulrich und Afra in Augsburg[1356].  ["…Ebirhardus et Hartmannus comites de Kilhperc…" signed the charter dated [1134/37] which records the foundation of Kloster Salem[1357].  The order of the witness’s names suggests that this charter may not refer to Graf Hartmann [II], but to his [younger] brother Eberhard [I] and a junior count named Hartmann.] 

b)         EBERHARD [I] (-after 8 Mar 1166).  "Rudolfus comes Curiensis" and “Eberhardo comite de Kirchberg” exchanged property “in cella Oxenhusen in comitatu Diethboldi comitis” by charter dated 12 Jul 1127[1358].  “Hartmannus comes et frater eius Eberhardus eque comes de Kirichberch” witnessed the charter dated 1127 for Kloster St. Ulrich und Afra in Augsburg[1359]

-        see below.   

2.         OTTO [I] von Kirchberg (-after 2 Jan 1126).  “De pago Hilargove Otto de Chirchberc” witnessed the charter dated 7 Jul 1087 under which Burkhard Graf von Nellenburg donated property to St. Salvatorkloster Schaffhausen[1360].  "Werinharius de Chilcheim…cum matre mea Richinza" appointed "Ottonis de Chirchberc" to donate property to Schaffhausen St Salvator by charter dated 2 May 1092, witnessed by "comites Hartmannus de Chirchberch, Hartmannus de Gerohusin, Hugo de Tuwingin, Hugo de Cravinegga, Manegoldus de Alshusin…", and "predictus Otto de Chirichberk" donated the property to the monastery in the presence of "domna Mahtilda sorore predicti Werinharii", by charter dated 1116, witnessed by "Hartmannus comes et filius eius Hartmannus de Chirichberk, Hartmannus comes de Gerohusen et frater eius Adelbertus comes, Wolferadus comes de Alshusin, Rodulfus comes de Bregantio, Lodewicus comes de Stofiln, Odalricus comes de Gamirtingen…"[1361].  Pope Urban II granted protection to Kloster Wiblingen, founded by "Hartmannus comes et Otto frater eius", by charter dated 3 Apr 1098[1362].  [Emperor Heinrich V confirmed the donation of "prædium Slocse" made to the monastery of St Blasius by “dux Rudolfus de Rinvelden et comes Otto et filius eius Fridericus comes...” by charter dated 8 Jan 1125[1363].  It is not certain that this document relates to Otto Graf von Kirchberg, although he appears to be the only contemporary Swabian count of that name to whom it can refer.  The document clearly relates to past donations, considering that Rudolf von Rheinfelden died in 1080.  It is not therefore certain that Otto and his son were alive at the date of the charter.  Lothar King of Germany confirmed donations to the monastery of St Blasius, at the request of "Hartmannus comes de Geroshusin, Manegoldus comes et filius eius Wolueradus de Isininum et de Alshusin, Hartmannus comes et frater eius Otto de Chilhperc...", by charter dated 2 Jan 1126[1364]m ---.  The name of Otto´s wife is not known.  Otto [I] & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         [FRIEDRICH (-[after 8 Jan 1125]).  Emperor Heinrich V confirmed the donation of "prædium Slocse" made to the monastery of St Blasius by “dux Rudolfus de Rinvelden et comes Otto et filius eius Fridericus comes...” by charter dated 8 Jan 1125[1365].  It is not certain that this document relates to Otto Graf von Kirchberg, although he appears to be the only contemporary Swabian count of that name to whom it can refer.  No other reference has yet been found to Otto having a son named Friedrich.  The document clearly relates to past donations, considering that Rudolf von Rheinfelden died in 1080.  It is not therefore certain that Graf Otto´s son was still alive at the date of the charter.] 

 

 

EBERHARD [I] von Kirchberg, son of HARTMANN [I] Graf von Kirchberg & his wife --- (-after 8 Mar 1166).  "Rudolfus comes Curiensis" and “Eberhardo comite de Kirchberg” exchanged property “in cella Oxenhusen in comitatu Diethboldi comitis” by charter dated 12 Jul 1127[1366].  “Hartmannus comes et frater eius Eberhardus eque comes de Kirichberch” witnessed the charter dated 1127 for Kloster St. Ulrich und Afra in Augsburg[1367].  "…Ebirhardus et Hartmannus comites de Kilhperc…" signed the charter dated [1134/37] which records the foundation of Kloster Salem[1368].  Pope Eugene III granted protection to Kloster Wiblingen, naming "Eberhardus comes et senior heres eius" as Vogt, by charter dated 6 Feb 1148[1369].  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "Ebirhardo et Hartmanno comitibus de Kilhperc", undated but dateable to [1152][1370].  “Eberhardus comes de Kirchberg et filii duo eius comes Otto, comes Hartmannus” witnessed the charter dated 1160 for the church in Roggenburg[1371].  “Comes Everhardus de Kirberch et filii sui” witnessed the charter dated 8 Mar 1166 under which Emperor Friedrich I exchanged property with the archbishop of Magdeburg[1372]

m ---.  The name of Eberhard’s wife is not known. 

Eberhard [I] & his wife had [three] children:

1.         OTTO [II] (-before 26 Apr 1189).  “Eberhardus comes de Kirchberg et filii duo eius comes Otto, comes Hartmannus” witnessed the charter dated 1160 for the church in Roggenburg[1373]Graf von Kirchberg.  “Comes Otto de Kirchberg” witnessed the charter dated 10 Jul 1168 issued by Emperor Friedrich I for the bishop of Würzburg[1374].  "…Comes Hartmannus de Kilchberg et frater suus comes Otto…" witnessed a charter of Emperor Friedrich I dated 1179[1375].  “Otto, Hartmannus et Rudolfus comites de Chilichberg” witnessed the charter of Friedrich V Duke of Swabia dated 1185[1376].  Emperor Friedrich I confirmed property to Kloster St. Salvator at Schaffhausen which had been misappropriated by “Otto pìe memorie comes de Chilchperg” by charter dated 26 Apr 1189[1377]

2.         HARTMANN [III] (-[4 Apr] 1198 or after).  “Eberhardus comes de Kirchberg et filii duo eius comes Otto, comes Hartmannus” witnessed the charter dated 1160 for the church in Roggenburg[1378]Graf von Kirchberg.  “Comes Hartmannus de Kirchberg” witnessed the charter dated 16 May 1170 under which Emperor Friedrich I granted freedoms to the bishopric of Chur[1379].  "…Comes Hartmannus de Kilchberg et frater suus comes Otto…" witnessed a charter of Emperor Friedrich I dated 1179[1380].  “Otto, Hartmannus et Rudolfus comites de Chilichberg” witnessed the charter of Friedrich V Duke of Swabia dated 1185[1381].  "...Hartmannus comes de Hirberc et filius eius Harthmannus..." witnessed the charter dated 1188 under which "Fridericus dux Suevorum" confirmed property of the church of Steingaden[1382].  “Comites de Kirperch H., R.” witnessed the charter dated [1191] issued by Konrad Duke of Swabia for Kloster Rothenburg[1383].  The Liber Oblationum Ecclesiæ Brixinensis Maioris records the death "II Non Apr" of "Hartmannus com de Chirchperch"[1384], although it is not known with certainty to which Graf Hartmann this refers.  m ---.  The name of Hartmann’s wife is not known.  Hartmann [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         HARTMANN [IV] (-after 1188).  “Hartmannus puer filius comitis de Chirichperch” witnessed the charter dated 1187 under which Friedrich V Duke of Swabia and the abbot of Augsburg St Ulrich & Afra made arrangements relating to property exchanged with “comiti Hartmanno de Chirichperch[1385].  "...Hartmannus comes de Hirberc et filius eius Harthmannus..." witnessed the charter dated 1188 under which "Fridericus dux Suevorum" confirmed property of the church of Steingaden[1386]

3.         [RUDOLF (-after [1191]).  Graf von Kirchberg.  “Otto, Hartmannus et Rudolfus comites de Chilichberg” witnessed the charter of Friedrich V Duke of Swabia dated 1185[1387].  It is prossible that the third name person was a younger brother of the other two.  “Comites de Kirperch H., R.” witnessed the charter dated [1191] issued by Konrad Duke of Swabia for Kloster Rothenburg[1388].] 

 

 

Two brothers, parents not identified. 

1.         EBERHARD [II] (-[27 Aug] ----)Graf von Kirchberg.  The necrology of Rothen records "VI Kal Sep Eberhardus et Conradus fratres comites de Kirchberg"[1389], although it is not known whether this refers to their death on the same day or to a joint donation. 

2.         KONRAD (-[27 Aug] ----).  Graf von Kirchberg.  The necrology of Rothen records "VI Kal Sep Eberhardus et Conradus fratres comites de Kirchberg"[1390], although it is not known whether this refers to their death on the same day or to a joint donation. 

 

 

The parentage of the following individuals has not been ascertained. 

 

1.         OTTO [III] (-after 1 Jun 1194)Graf von Kirchberg.  Pope Celestine III granted protection to Kloster Wiblingen, built by "bone memorie...Hartmanno comite et Ottone fratre eius" and noting that “Otto comes” now administered “advocatiam...ipsius cenobii”, by charter dated 1 Jun 1194[1391]

 

2.         OTTO [IV] (-after 17 Jul 1220).  From a chronological perspective, it would not be impossible for Otto [IV] to be the same person as Otto [III].  Graf von Kirchberg.  Friedrich II King of Germany issued a charter dated 11 Apr 1215 for Kloster Kaiserheim “mediantibus Ottone comite de Kirberc, Bertoldo comite de Lechesgemunde...[1392].  “Otto comes de Kerchberg” witnessed the charter dated 17 Jul 1220 issued by Emperor Friedrich II for Nordhausen church[1393]

 

3.         HARTMANN [V] .  Graf von Kirchberg.  “Hartmannus comes de Chirchperch” witnessed the charter dated 14 Mar 1212 issued by Emperor Otto IV for Chieri[1394].  The chronology suggests that this person was not Graf Hermann [III], but could have been the same person as Hermann [IV] who is named above. 

 

 

 

E.      GRAFEN von PFULLENDORF und RAMSPERG

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

1.         ULRICHGraf von Ramsberg [near Pfullendorf, Baden].  An undated charter, dated to the reign of Heinrich IV King of Germany [1056/84], which records a donation to Rheinau was signed "apud Rammisheim in pago Hegouve in comitatu Uodalrici comitis de Rammesperch" in the presence of "Gerungo comite de Stulingen"[1395]

 

2.         GERO (-17 May [1080/1110], bur Kloster Petershausen).  Graf von Pfullendorf

 

3.         LUDWIG von Pfullendorf (-murdered Tübingen 28 Jan 1135, bur Reichenau).  Abbot of Reichenau 1131. 

 

 

1.         ULRICH (-1155 or after)Graf von Ramsperg.  Graf im Hegau.  m ADELHEID, daughter of --- (-before 28 Jun 1125).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records the donation by "Roudolfus comes de Rammisberch" dated 1163 which names "matris meæ Adilheide"[1396].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[1397], the wife of Graf Ulrich may have been Adelheid von Bregenz, daughter of Ulrich [X] Graf von Bregenz & his wife Bertha von Rheinfelden.  This is presumably based on a chronicle about the bishopric of Konstanz written by Jakob Manlius (date not specified) which records that in 1098 Kloster Bregenz was founded by “Ulrico...Rhetorum et Brigantiæ comite qui fuit avus...comitis Rudolphi de Pfullendorf[1398].  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records details relating to both the Bregenz and Ramsberg/Pfullendorf families, including the marriage of Graf Ulrich [X], which suggests that this family connection may be correct[1399].  Her name is confirmed by the Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis which records the donation by [her son] "Roudolfus comes de Rammisberch" dated 1163 which names "matris meæ Adilheide"[1400].  Graf Ulrich & his wife had three children: 

a)         [ULRICHGraf von Pfullendorf 1157-1158.] 

b)         RUDOLF (-9 Jan 1181)Graf von Ramsperg.  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "comite Rudolfo de Ramsperc", undated but dateable to [1152][1401].  "…Rudolfus comes de Rammesburg…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Nov 1155 under which Emperor Friedrich I confirmed possessions of the church of Konstanz[1402].  "Sex comites…comes Rudolfus de Rammesperc…" witnessed the charter dated 1163 under which Ulrich Abbot of Reichenau confirmed donations to the abbey[1403]Graf von Pfullendorf.  A charter dated 1168 names "Rodulfus comes de Phullendorf, sororius comitis Rodolfi de Bragantia" and records the grant of "Turicensem comitatum et advocatiam Sechingensis ecclesiæ" [Zurich, Seckingen] by Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" to "Alberto comiti de Habisburc" who married "filiam comitis Rodolfi"[1404].  The explanation for the relationship "sororius" has not been found.  However, the connection with Bregenz is indicated by the suggested family origin of Rudolf´s mother (see above).  Graf von Bregenz.  Graf von Lindau.  Vogt von St Gallen 1166.  Vogt of Chur until 1170.  After the death of his only son from malaria in Italy, Graf Rudolf agreed to the transfer of his possessions to Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" between 1167 and 1180[1405].  “...Rudolphus comes de Phulendorf...” witnessed the charter dated 4 Mar 1173 under which Emperor Friedrich I confirmed donations to the church of Bero made by “comitis Ulrici...de Lenzburg[1406]m [as her first/second husband,] ELISABETH, daughter of --- (-11 Oct [1164/80]).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records the donation of "apud Rinisgimunde" by "Roudolfus comes de Rammisberch" dated 1163 which names "matris meæ Adilheide", witnessed by "uxor mea Elisabeth, frater meus Arnoldus…"[1407].  According to a Habsburg genealogy, the mother of "Itam cometissam de Pfullendorf" was "filiam sororis ducis Welph"[1408].  She married [firstly/secondly] --- [von Rheinfelden], father of KUNO [von Rheinfelden][1409].  Graf Rudolf & his wife had two children: 

i)          ITA .  A Habsburg genealogy names "Itam cometissam de Pfullendorf, filiam sororis ducis Welph" as the wife of "Alberctus"[1410].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 1168 which names "Rodulfus comes de Phullendorf, sororius comitis Rodolfi de Bragantia" and records the grant of "Turicensem comitatum et advocatiam Sechingensis ecclesiæ" [Zurich, Seckingen] by Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" to "Alberto comiti de Habisburc" who married "filiam comitis Rodolfi"[1411]m ALBRECHT [III] "der Reiche" Graf von Habsburg, son of WERNER [II] Graf von Habsburg und im Oberelsaß & his wife --- (-11 Feb 1199). 

ii)         BERTHOLD (-[1167], bur Kloster Mehrerau). 

c)         ARNOLD (-1165 or after).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records the donation of "apud Rinisgimunde" by "Roudolfus comes de Rammisberch" dated 1163 which names "matris meæ Adilheide", witnessed by "uxor mea Elisabeth, frater meus Arnoldus…"[1412].  1164/1165. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  ORTENAU and NORTHERN BADEN

 

 

Ortenau was situated east of the river Rhine and Alsace, in the north-west part of the present-day German region of Baden-Württemberg. 

 

 

A.      HERREN und GRAFEN von EBERSTEIN

 

 

Schloß Eberstein was located on a mountain between the valleys of the rivers Murg and Oos, near Baden-Baden.  In the 13th century, the family moved to Neu Eberstein, near Gernsbach.  The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

1.         BERTHOLD [I] von Eberstein (-after 1085).  "Bertoldus de Eberstein et duo filii Bertoldus et Eberhardus" witnessed a charter dated 1085 under which Wazzelius and Mangold von Lienstetten donated property[1413]m ---.  The name of Berthold's wife is not known.  Berthold [I] & his wife had two children:

a)         BERTHOLD [II] (-after 1085).  "Bertoldus de Eberstein et duo filii Bertoldus et Eberhardus" witnessed a charter dated 1085 under which Wazzelius and Mangold von Lienstetten donated property[1414]

b)         EBERHARD [I] (-after 1085).  "Bertoldus de Eberstein et duo filii Bertoldus et Eberhardus" witnessed a charter dated 1085 under which Wazzelius and Mangold von Lienstetten donated property[1415]

 

2.         BERTHOLD (-before [1113]).  The Codex Hirsaugiensis records that “Bertholdus et uxor eius Adelhait de Eberstein cum filiis suis Bertholdo, Eberhardo et Hugone” donated “quartam partem ville Eltingen” to Kloster Hirsau, for the soul of “mariti sui” who was on his deathbed, undated[1416].  The chronology is consistent with the husband of Adelheid being either Berthold [I] or Berthold [II] who are shown above.  m ADELHEID, daughter of --- (-after [1113]).  The Codex Hirsaugiensis records that “Bertholdus et uxor eius Adelhait de Eberstein cum filiis suis Bertholdo, Eberhardo et Hugone” donated “quartam partem ville Eltingen” to Kloster Hirsau, for the soul of “mariti sui” who was on his deathbed, undated[1417].  Four children: 

a)         BERTHOLD [III] von Eberstein (-after 18 Jul 1137).  Consistent with the observation concerning the identity of the husband of Adelheid, mother of Berthold [III] and his two brothers, it is possible that Berthold [III] was the same person as Berthold [II] who is shown above.  The Codex Hirsaugiensis records that “Bertholdus et uxor eius Adelhait de Eberstein cum filiis suis Bertholdo, Eberhardo et Hugone” donated “quartam partem ville Eltingen” to Kloster Hirsau, for the soul of “mariti sui” who was on his deathbed, undated[1418].  "…Bertholdus de Eberstein et filius sororis eius Wecel de Zolra…" witnessed the charter, dated "VI Kal Jun" 1115 and "post XX diebus et uno…XIV Kal Jul", under which "Liutfridus" donated property "in Onesvvilare" to Kloster Reichenbach[1419].  "Burkardus de Scibenhard per manum domni sui Bertoldi de Eberstein" donated property at Singen to Kloster Hirschau by charter dated to [1120][1420].  "Bertoldus von Eberstein und Emich von Wirtenberg" are named in the foundation book of Kloster Hirschau dated 1136[1421].  "Bertoldus von Eberstein und Emich von Wirtenberg" are named in the foundation book of Kloster Hirschau dated 1136[1422].  "…Bertholdo seniore et iuniore, Hugone de Eberstein…" witnessed the charter dated 18 Jul 1137 which records an agreement between Speyer cathedral and the abbot of Odenheim concerning property at Elsenz and Berenbach[1423]m ---.  The name of Berthold's wife is not known.  Berthold [III] & his wife had one child: 

i)          BERTHOLD [IV] von Eberstein (-1158 or after, bur Herrenalb).  "…Bertholdo seniore et iuniore, Hugone de Eberstein…" witnessed the charter dated 18 Jul 1137 which records an agreement between Speyer cathedral and the abbot of Odenheim concerning property at Elsenz and Berenbach[1424].  "Bertholdus dominus de Eberstein" founded Kloster Herrenalb, with the consent of "coniugis nostre Ute et heredum nostrorum", by charter dated to [1149/52][1425].  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "Bertoldo de Ebirstein", undated but dateable to [1152][1426].  Konrad Bishop of Worms confirmed donations to Kloster Schönau by charter dated 1152 witnessed by "Heinricus comes de Chacenelenbogen, Bobbo comes de Loufen, Egere comes de Vehingen, Berchtolt comes de Calwen, Bertholdus de Eberstein…"[1427].  "Egene comes de Vehingen, Conradus comes de Calwe, Wezelo comes de Grezingen, Bertoldus de Eberstein…" witnessed the charter dated 1158 under which Günther Bishop of Speyer donated property to Kloster Maulbronn[1428].  [Graf] von Eberstein.  A non-contemporaneous inscription at Herrenalb records the burial of "Berchtoldi comitis de Eberstein et domine Ute uxoris eius fundatorum hujus monasterii et plurimorum comitum de Eberstein"[1429].  It should be noted that this is the only source so far identified which accords the comital title to Berthold [IV].  It is possible that this was an ex post facto invention, considered flattering to the status of the later Graf von Eberstein under whose auspices the monument was installed in the monastery.  m UTA, daughter of --- (-[1185], bur Herrenalb).  "Bertholdus dominus de Eberstein" founded Kloster Herrenalb, with the consent of "coniugis nostre Ute et heredum nostrorum", by charter dated to [1149/52][1430].  According to Neuenstein, she was "Utta von Sinsheim", suggesting that she was "aus dem Geschlechte der Grafen im Kraichgau, die eine Burg zu Sinsheim besassen"[1431].  An inscription at Herrenalb records the burial of "Berchtoldi comitis de Eberstein et domine Ute uxoris eius fundatorum hujus monasterii et plurimorum comitum de Eberstein"[1432].  Berthold [IV] & his wife had [four] children: 

(a)       [WETZEL (-after 1163).  Graf von Eberstein.  "…Wetzele comes de Eberstein…" witnessed the charter dated 1163 under which "Friedrich der Rothbart" donated property to Kloster Mauermünster[1433].  There is no indication of the parentage of Graf Wetzel but, assuming that he was a member of the same family as the other Grafen von Eberstein, from a chronological point of view it is probable that he was the son and successor of Berthold [IV].  However, it should be noted that no other reference has been found to the name Wetzel in any other record relating to this family.] 

(b)       EBERHARD [III] (-[1218/19]).  "Ebrahrdus de Ebrestin" confirmed the donation of property "in villa…Gelstorf in Berowa" to Kloster Berau (founded by "ego et mater mea") made by "pater meus Berchtoldus…cum filias suas sorores meas Otam et Heduwidem" by charter dated to [1185][1434]

-         see below

(c)       UTA .  "Ebrahrdus de Ebrestin" confirmed the donation of property "in villa…Gelstorf in Berowa" to Kloster Berau (founded by "ego et mater mea") made by "pater meus Berchtoldus…cum filias suas sorores meas Otam et Heduwidem" by charter dated to [1185][1435]same person as…? UTA (-after 1193).  Krieg von Hochfelden suggests that "Uta" abbess of Frauenalb, named in a bull of Pope Celestine III dated 1193, was "möglich…eine Tochter Bertholds und nach ihrer Mutter genannt wurde"[1436].  The last phrase suggests that his hypothesis is based only on onomastics, supported by no other evidence.  Nun at Berau [1150].  Abbess of Frauenalb 1193.] 

(d)       HADWIDE .  "Ebrahrdus de Ebrestin" confirmed the donation of property "in villa…Gelstorf in Berowa" to Kloster Berau (founded by "ego et mater mea") made by "pater meus Berchtoldus…cum filias suas sorores meas Otam et Heduwidem" by charter dated to [1185][1437].  Nun at Berau [1150].  Nun at Frauenalb. 

b)         EBERHARD [II] .  Consistent with the observation concerning the identity of the husband of Adelheid, mother of Berthold [III] and his two brothers, it is possible that Eberhard [II] was the same person as Eberhard [I] who is shown above.  The Codex Hirsaugiensis records that “Bertholdus et uxor eius Adelhait de Eberstein cum filiis suis Bertholdo, Eberhardo et Hugone” donated “quartam partem ville Eltingen” to Kloster Hirsau, for the soul of “mariti sui” who was on his deathbed, undated[1438]

c)         HUGO von Eberstein (-after 18 Jul 1137).  The Codex Hirsaugiensis records that “Bertholdus et uxor eius Adelhait de Eberstein cum filiis suis Bertholdo, Eberhardo et Hugone” donated “quartam partem ville Eltingen” to Kloster Hirsau, for the soul of “mariti sui” who was on his deathbed, undated[1439].  "…Bertholdo seniore et iuniore, Hugone de Eberstein…" witnessed the charter dated 18 Jul 1137 which records an agreement between Speyer cathedral and the abbot of Odenheim concerning property at Elsenz and Berenbach[1440]

d)         daughter m --- von Zollern, son of ---. 

 

 

EBERHARD [III] von Eberstein, son of BERTHOLD [IV] von Eberstein & his wife Uta --- (-[1218/19]).  "…Duce Konrade de Dachowe dux, Otdone comite de Chilberc, Eberhardus de Eberstein…" witnessed the charter dated 1181 under which the Graf von Tübingen donated property in Derdingen to Kloster Herrenalb[1441].  "Ebrahrdus de Ebrestin" confirmed the donation of property "in villa…Gelstorf in Berowa" to Kloster Berau (founded by "ego et mater mea") made by "pater meus Berchtoldus…cum filias suas sorores meas Otam et Heduwidem" by charter dated to [1185][1442].  "Eberhardus…dominus de Eberstein" confirmed a donation to Kloster Herrenalb by charter dated 1207, witnessed by "Eberhardo et Ottone domicellis de Eberstein, Alberto de Rastede et Eberhardo fratre suo…"[1443].  "Eberhardus…dominus de Eberstein…et uxor nostra Chunigunt et filii mei Eberhardus et Otto, Bertholdus et Albertus" donated property to Kloster Herrenalb by charter dated 1207, witnessed by "Cunrado et Godefrido comitibus de Kalwe, comite Fridrico de Saroponte…"[1444]

m ([1185/90]) KUNIGUNDE von Andechs, daughter of BERTHOLD I Marchese of Istria, Graf von Andechs & his first wife Hedwig --- (-10 Feb after 1207).  The De Fundatoribus Monasterii Diessenses lists (in order) "Poppo summus prepositus Babenberch, Mathildis marchionissa de Hohenburch, Kunigundis comitissa de Eberstein, Sophia comitissa de Hennenberch, Berhtoldus dux et marchio…"[1445], increasing the probability that all were children of "Berhtoldus marchio".  The chronology of the two families suggests [1185/90] as the date of Kunigunde´s marriage.  "Eberhardus…dominus de Eberstein…et uxor nostra Chunigunt et filii mei Eberhardus et Otto, Bertholdus et Albertus" donated property to Kloster Herrenalb by charter dated 1207, witnessed by "Cunrado et Godefrido comitibus de Kalwe, comite Fridrico de Saroponte…"[1446].  The necrology of Diessen records the death "IV Id Feb" of "Chunigundis com"[1447].  1207.] 

Eberhard [III] & his wife had three children: 

1.         [AGNES] von Eberstein ([1185/87]-).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 29 Aug 1227 under which her son "Symon comes de Dauborc" recorded his peace agreement with "domino Johanne Metensi episcopo" and named "dominum Evrardum de Vrestein avunculum meum"[1448].  Given the marriage date of her parents, she must have been one of their older children as her son´s marriage is estimated to 1224.  “Fridericus comes de Liningin...et uxoris nostre Agnetis...et liberorum nostrorum” donated property to the Teutonic Order by charter dated 30 Nov 1221[1449].  Brinckmeier quotes a charter of "Emichs IV und Friedrichs III" dated 10 Mar 1263 which refers to "post obitum nobilis domine Agnetis comitisse"[1450].  If the speculation about Friedrich’s second marriage is correct, these documents may refer to his second wife.  m (before [1202/05]) [as his first wife,] FRIEDRICH von Saarbrücken Graf von Leiningen, son of SIMON [II] Graf von Saarbrücken & his wife Liutgard von Leiningen (-1237). 

2.         EBERHARD [IV] (-18 Mar 1263).  "Eberhardus…dominus de Eberstein" confirmed a donation to Kloster Herrenalb by charter dated 1207, witnessed by "Eberhardo et Ottone domicellis de Eberstein, Alberto de Rastede et Eberhardo fratre suo…"[1451].  "O[tto] de Eberstein et frater meus Eberhardus" agreed a partition of their territories by charter dated 1219, witnessed by "Bertholdo et Aluico comitibus de Sultze, Gotfrido comiti de Calwe…"[1452].  Eberhard´s territories including Alt-Eberstein.  "Eberhardus…comes de Eberstein et uxor mea Adelheidis" confirmed a donation of property at Kirchheim to Kloster Otterburg made by "Marquardus homo noster et Ofima coniux ipsius" by charter dated 1248[1453].  The Annales Wormatienses name "domni Eberhardi de Eberstein et domni E. filii sui, comitis de Sein et domni Ottonis de Eberstein" in 1249[1454].  “Otto junior dominus de Eberstein” confirmed the marriage between “Adelheidim...filiam meam” and “Henrico nobili viro juniori de Lichtenberc”, appointing as fiduciaries “Eberhardem seniorem de Eberstein, prepositum Argentinensem fratres meos...”, by charter dated 8 Jan 1251[1455].  He is consistently, although not exclusively, referred to in primary sources as Graf von Eberstein from [1251][1456].  "Eberhardus comes de Eberstein dictus senior" donated property to Kloster Herrenalb, with the consent of "uxoris mee Adelheidis et filie mee Agnetis comitisse Gemini Pontis et Symonis iunioris comitis nepotis mei", by charter dated 1258[1457].  "Eberhardus comes de Eberstein et Adelhaidis uxor nostra" donated property at Uswilare to Kloster Frauenalb by charter dated 1 Jul 1258, witnessed by "Agnetis filiæ nostræ comitissæ de Zwainbrucken"[1458].  An inscription in Kloster Rosenthal records the death "XII Kal Apr" in 1263 of "Eberhardus comes de Eberstein fundator huius ecclesie"[1459]m (after 1223) as her second husband, ADELHEID von Sayn, widow of GOTTFRIED [II] Graf von Sponheim, daughter of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Sayn & his wife Agnes von Saffenberg (-22 Nov 1263).  "Eberhardus…comes de Eberstein et uxor mea Adelheidis" confirmed a donation of property at Kirchheim to Kloster Otterburg made by "Marquardus homo noster et Ofima coniux ipsius" by charter dated 1248[1460].  "A…comitissa de Spanhem et Euerstein" donated wine production to Abtei Sayn, for the souls of "domni Godefridi comitis de Spanhem et domni Euerhardi…filii nostri defunctorum", by charter dated 1256[1461].  "Eberhardus comes de Eberstein dictus senior" donated property to Kloster Herrenalb, with the consent of "uxoris mee Adelheidis et filie mee Agnetis comitisse Gemini Pontis et Symonis iunioris comitis nepotis mei", by charter dated 1258[1462].  "Eberhardus comes de Eberstein et Adelhaidis uxor nostra" donated property at Uswilare to Kloster Frauenalb by charter dated 1 Jul 1258, witnessed by "Agnetis filiæ nostræ comitissæ de Zwainbrucken"[1463].  Eberhard [IV] & his wife had three children: 

a)         EBERHARD [V] (-[Oct 1248/20 Sep 1253]).  "Mehtylde comitissa Seynensi relicta Heinrici comitis Seynensis avunculi nostri" granted certain castles and fiefs to "nos fratres de Spanheim Johannes comes, Heinricus dominus de Heymsberg, Symon, et Euerardus" by charter dated 29 Aug 1247[1464].  The Annales Wormatienses name "domni Eberhardi de Eberstein et domni E. filii sui, comitis de Sein et domni Ottonis de Eberstein" in 1249[1465]m (before 9 Mar 1243) [as her first husband, ELISABETH] von Baden, daughter of HERMANN V Markgraf von Baden & his wife Irmgard von Braunschweig.  According to Neuenstein, the wife of Eberhard [V] von Eberstein was "die Schwester der Markgrafen Hermann und Rudolf von Baden, deren Namen wir nicht kennen", referring to (but not citing) a charter dated 1243 under which "Eberhard V der jüngere…mit seinem Schwager Markgraf Rudolf I im Namen seiner Gemahlin" renounced rights to certain property of Kloster Maulbronn[1466].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, this sister was Elisabeth, whose marriage to Ludwig [II] von Lichtenberg is dated to "before Dec 1253" but the primary source on which this information is based is not known.  According to Krieg von Hochfelden, Eberhard [V] married "wahrscheinlich", as her first husband, Sophie von Bayern, daughter of Otto II "der Erlauchte" Duke of Bavaria & his wife Agnes von Braunschweig[1467].  He cites no corresponding primary source, and as Sophie´s birth is dated to 1236, she would have been young to have married and given birth to two children before her alleged husband´s death in 1253 (although the same could be said for her alleged husband as well).  Eberhard [V] & his wife had two children: 

i)          ELISABETH von Eberstein .  "Hanricus comes et A. comitissa Geminipontis" granted dowry to "generum nostrum Gerlacum comitem de Veldentia", with the consent of "patris nostri E. comitis de Everstein et A. matris nostre necnon Elizabeth et Adleidis filiarum E. quondam comitis de Seina fratris nostri", by charter dated Jul 1258[1468].  Krieg von Hochfelden cites a charter dated 1253 by which, after the death of "Eberhards V", "Eberhard IV und Adelheid" renounced all rights to Sayn and its territories in the name "der unmündigen Kinder Eberhards V"[1469].  According to Krieg von Hochfelden, the children of Eberhard [V] were "Elisabeth" who married "Gebhard III Graf von Teck" and "Adelheid" who married firstly "Raugrafen Heinrich" and secondly "Raugrafen Conrad"[1470]

ii)         ADELHEID von Eberstein .  "Hanricus comes et A. comitissa Geminipontis" granted dowry to "generum nostrum Gerlacum comitem de Veldentia", with the consent of "patris nostri E. comitis de Everstein et A. matris nostre necnon Elizabeth et Adleidis filiarum E. quondam comitis de Seina fratris nostri", by charter dated Jul 1258[1471].  According to Krieg von Hochfelden, the children of Eberhard [V] were "Elisabeth" who married "Gebhard III Graf von Teck" and "Adelheid" who married firstly "Raugrafen Heinrich" and secondly "Raugrafen Conrad"[1472]

b)         AGNES von Eberstein (-1297).  "Eberhardus comes de Eberstein dictus senior" donated property to Kloster Herrenalb, with the consent of "uxoris mee Adelheidis et filie mee Agnetis comitisse Gemini Pontis et Symonis iunioris comitis nepotis mei", by charter dated 1258[1473].  "Eberhardus comes de Eberstein et Adelhaidis uxor nostra" donated property at Uswilare to Kloster Frauenalb by charter dated 1 Jul 1258, witnessed by "Agnetis filiæ nostræ comitissæ de Zwainbrucken"[1474].  "Hanricus comes et A. comitissa Geminipontis" granted dowry to "generum nostrum Gerlacum comitem de Veldentia", with the consent of "patris nostri E. comitis de Everstein et A. matris nostre necnon Elizabeth et Adleidis filiarum E. quondam comitis de Seina fratris nostri", by charter dated Jul 1258[1475].  “Henricus comes de Zweinbrucken et Agnes collateralis” donated “castrum nostrum in Stauff, Wormatiensis dioëcesis” to the church of Worms, in the presence of “Eberhardus et Walramus filii...Heinrici comitis de Zweinbrucken et Agnetis eius contectalis”, by charter dated 1282[1476]m ([1238]) HEINRICH [II] Graf von Zweibrücken, son of HEINRICH [I] Graf von Zweibrücken & his wife Hedwige de Lorraine (-1282). 

c)         ADELHEID von Eberstein (-14 Aug 1272, Bebenhusen).  The Liber Anniversariorum of Sindelfingen records the death "XIX Kal Sep 1272" of "Adelhaidis com de Eberstein et Saine mater predicti pueri Bebenhusen dormit", immediately following the record of the death of her son Hugo[1477]m (after 1251) as his second wife, RUDOLF [III] "der Scherer" Graf von Tübingen in Herrenburg, son of RUDOLF [II] Pfalzgraf von Tüblingen & his wife --- (-Vienna 12 May 1277, bur Bebenhusen). 

3.         OTTO [I] von Eberstein (-1279, bur Herrenalb).  "Eberhardus…dominus de Eberstein" confirmed a donation to Kloster Herrenalb by charter dated 1207, witnessed by "Eberhardo et Ottone domicellis de Eberstein, Alberto de Rastede et Eberhardo fratre suo…"[1478].  "O[tto] de Eberstein et frater meus Eberhardus" agreed a partition of their territories by charter dated 1219, witnessed by "Bertholdo et Aluico comitibus de Sultze, Gotfrido comiti de Calwe…"[1479].  Otto´s territories included property in Kraichgau.  The Annales Wormatienses name "domni Eberhardi de Eberstein et domni E. filii sui, comitis de Sein et domni Ottonis de Eberstein" in 1249[1480].  “Otto junior dominus de Eberstein” confirmed the marriage between “Adelheidim...filiam meam” and “Henrico nobili viro juniori de Lichtenberc”, appointing as fiduciaries “Eberhardem seniorem de Eberstein, prepositum Argentinensem fratres meos...”, by charter dated 8 Jan 1251[1481].  "Otto de Eberstein cum domina Beatrice nostri…thori socia, domini Wolfradi nobilis de Crutheim filia" renounced rights in the inheritance of "domini Cunradi…patrui nostri senioris de Cruthein" by charter dated 22 Jul 1252, witnessed by "dominum Kraftonem de Bockesberc, dominum Gotefridum de Hohinloch nobiles…"[1482].  He is consistently, although not exclusively, referred to in primary sources as Graf von Eberstein from [1260][1483].  "Graf Otto von Eberstein…und seine Söhne Otto, Wolfram und Heinrich" confirmed the property of Kloster Herrenalb by charter dated Feb 1270[1484].  "Otto nobilis de Eberstein senior" sold revenue from property at Oewesheim to Speyer cathedral "per manus filiorum nostrorum Ottonis et Wolfelini militum ac Heinrici scolaris" by charter dated 1277[1485].  "Otto der ältere Graf von Eberstein" donated property of Kloster Herrenalb, with the consent of "seiner Söhne Otto und Wolfrad", for the souls of "seine verstorbene Gemahlin Beatrix, seinen Vater Eberhard und seine Mutter Cunigunde und seinen Sohn Conrad von Freiburg", by charter dated 1278[1486].  A inscription in Herrenalb monastery records the death in 1279 of "Dnus Ottho senior…comes de Eberstein"[1487]m firstly KUNIGUNDE von Freiburg, daughter of EGINO [V] Graf von Urach und Freiburg & his wife Adelheid von Neuffen (-before 13 Dec 1244).  "Otto de Eberstein" donated property to Kloster Herrenalb, for the soul of "quondam uxoris nostre Cunegundis de Friburch", by charter dated 1255[1488]Betrothed (Papal dispensation 13 Dec 1244) --- von Teck, daughter of KONRAD [I] Herzog von Teck & his wife ---.  Pope Innocent IV issued a dispensation for the marriage of “Ottonis [...comitis] de Eberstein...episcopi Spirensis germano” and “nata ducis Debee”, despite “quarta consanguinitatis linea”, dated 13 Dec 1244[1489].  It is not known whether this marriage proceeded.  If it died, the bride must have died soon afterwards.  m secondly (before 22 Jul 1252) BEATRIX von Krautheim, daughter of WOLFRAD von Krautheim [Bocksberg] & his wife --- (-before 1278).  "Otto de Eberstein cum domina Beatrice nostri…thori socia, domini Wolfradi nobilis de Crutheim filia" renounced rights in the inheritance of "domini Cunradi…patrui nostri senioris de Cruthein" by charter dated 22 Jul 1252, witnessed by "dominum Kraftonem de Bockesberc, dominum Gotefridum de Hohinloch nobiles…"[1490].  "Otto der ältere Graf von Eberstein" donated property of Kloster Herrenalb, with the consent of "seiner Söhne Otto und Wolfrad", for the souls of "seine verstorbene Gemahlin Beatrix, seinen Vater Eberhard und seine Mutter Cunigunde und seinen Sohn Conrad von Freiburg", by charter dated 1278[1491].  Otto [I] & his first wife had three children: 

a)         ADELHEID (-1 Nov 1291).  “Otto junior dominus de Eberstein” confirmed the marriage between “Adelheidim...filiam meam” and “Henrico nobili viro juniori de Lichtenberc”, appointing as fiduciaries “Eberhardem seniorem de Eberstein, prepositum Argentinensem fratres meos...”, by charter dated 8 Jan 1251[1492].  An inscription in Kloster Neuenburg records the death "Kal Nov" 1291 of "domina Adelheidis de Eberstein, uxor domini Conradi de Lichtenberg"[1493]m (contract 8 Jan 1251) KONRAD Herr von Lichtenberg, son of ---. 

b)         KUNIGUNDE ([1230]-Lichtenthal 21 Apr 1290, bur Lichtenthal).  "Otte von Eberstein" sold part of "der Burge des alten Ebersteins" to "unserm Schwester Mann Rudolphe dem Marggraven von Baden und unser Schwester Cunigunde" by charter dated 1283[1494].  "Otthe von Eberstein" sold half "der Burge des alten Ebersteins" to "unser swester man Rudolfe dem Marchgrauen von Baden" by charter dated 1283[1495].  The Annales Sindelfingenses record the death "1284 11 Kal Mai in castro Libincelle" of "comitissa de Baden"[1496]m (before 20 May 1257) RUDOLF I Markgraf von Baden, son of HERMANN V Markgraf von Baden & his wife Irmgard von Braunschweig ([1230]-19 Nov 1288, bur Lichtenthal). 

c)         BEATRIX (-after 1302).  Her first marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 22 Jun 1270 under which [her sons] “Hugo...comes palatinus de Twingen, Otto et Ludewicus fratres“ granted freedoms to the town of Horb, with the consent of “...domini Ottonis de Eberstain avi nostri[1497].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not been identified.  m firstly as his second wife, HUGO [VI] Pfalzgraf von Tübingen, son of RUDOLF [II] Pfalzgraf von Tüblingen & his wife --- (-1267).  m secondly KONRAD Graf von Flügelau, son of ---. 

Otto [I] & his [first/second] wife had four children: 

d)         OTTO [II] (-[1286/87]).  "Graf Otto von Eberstein…und seine Söhne Otto, Wolfram und Heinrich" confirmed the property of Kloster Herrenalb by charter dated Feb 1270[1498].  "Otto nobilis de Eberstein senior" sold revenue from property at Oewesheim to Speyer cathedral "per manus filiorum nostrorum Ottonis et Wolfelini militum ac Heinrici scolaris" by charter dated 1277[1499].  "Otthe von Eberstein" sold half "der Burge des alten Ebersteins" to "unser swester man Rudolfe dem Marchgrauen von Baden" by charter dated 1283[1500].  "Comes Otto de Eberstein sive de Polle" swore allegiance to "domino H. terre Hassie domino" by charter dated 8 Nov 1293[1501]m ELISABETH von Tübingen, daughter of KONRAD [I] Pfalzgraf von Tübingen & his wife Elisabeth von Hohenlohe (-after 14 May 1301).  “Elizabet von Tuwingen, die man och nennet von Eberstein” donated property to Kloster Kniebis, for the souls of “minez vater ainez Conraz und miner muter ainer Machtilt und minez wirtez einz Otten”, by charter dated 2 Feb 1294[1502].  “Elizabet Cunradi quondam palatini de Tuw. filia...quondam Ottonis de Eberstain relicta“ donated property to the church of Poltringen by charter dated 23 Jun 1299[1503]

e)         WOLFRAD (-after 1284).  "Graf Otto von Eberstein…und seine Söhne Otto, Wolfram und Heinrich" confirmed the property of Kloster Herrenalb by charter dated Feb 1270[1504].  "Otto nobilis de Eberstein senior" sold revenue from property at Oewesheim to Speyer cathedral "per manus filiorum nostrorum Ottonis et Wolfelini militum ac Heinrici scolaris" by charter dated 1277[1505]m as her first husband, KUNIGUNDE von Wertheim, daughter of BOPPO [IV] Graf von Wertheim & his wife Mechtild von Eppstein.  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the charter dated Jun 1283 under which "Mechtildis relicta quondam Bopponis comitis de Wertheim" sold property in Waldenhausen to Kloster Brombach, with the consent of "Wolfradi de Eberstein generi mei et filiarum mearum"[1506].  She married secondly Heinrich [II] Graf von Henneberg.  "Cunegundis…comitissa relicta domini Heynrici pie memorie quondam comitis de Hennenberg domini in Hartenberg" donated property to Kloster Vessra, with the consent of "comitis Bopponis nati nostri, Rytze nurus nostre…Bertoldi comitis de Hennenberg senioris et Heynrici eiusdem primogeniti patruorum nostrorum", by charter dated 7 Jul 1329[1507]

-        GRAFEN zu EBERSTEIN[1508]

f)          HEINRICH [I] (-[19 May 1319/14 Mar 1322]).  "Otto nobilis de Eberstein senior" sold revenue from property at Oewesheim to Speyer cathedral "per manus filiorum nostrorum Ottonis et Wolfelini militum ac Heinrici scolaris" by charter dated 1277[1509]

-        see below

g)         KONRAD (-before 1278).  "Otto der ältere Graf von Eberstein" donated property of Kloster Herrenalb, with the consent of "seiner Söhne Otto und Wolfrad", for the souls of "seine verstorbene Gemahlin Beatrix, seinen Vater Eberhard und seine Mutter Cunigunde und seinen Sohn Conrad von Freiburg", by charter dated 1278[1510]

4.         BERTHOLD (-1258).  "Eberhardus…dominus de Eberstein…et uxor nostra Chunigunt et filii mei Eberhardus et Otto, Bertholdus et Albertus" donated property to Kloster Herrenalb by charter dated 1207, witnessed by "Cunrado et Godefrido comitibus de Kalwe, comite Fridrico de Saroponte…"[1511].  "Cunradus…Spirensis episcopus et Bertholdus…eiusdem ecclesie prepositus" confirmed the confirmation of privileges granted to the monastery of All Saints in Schwarzwald by "Hermannum…Marchionem de Baden…ducissa…de Scowenpurg et patre nostro Eberhardo de Eberstein pie recordationis" by charter dated 22 Mar 1246, witnessed by "Eberhardus et Otto