LUXEMBOURG

  v2.2 Updated 06 November 2013

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 1

Chapter 1.                COMTES de LUXEMBOURG 963-1136. 4

Chapter 2.                COMTES de LUXEMBOURG 1136-1247 (NAMUR) 26

Chapter 3.                COMTES de LUXEMBOURG 1237-1313 (LIMBURG-ARLON) 28

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

Count Siegfried, the question of whose uncertain ancestry is discussed below, acquired the castle of Luxembourg from the church of St Maximin at Trier in 963.  At that time, the suzerain of the castle was Frédéric Duke of Upper Lotharingia, who is recorded in the charter of grant as giving his approval to the acquisition[1].  The duke of Lower Lotharingia was recorded as suzerain of the county of Luxembourg after the confirmation of the formation of that duchy in 1012[2].  The descendants in the male line of Count Siegfried continued to rule Luxembourg until 1136, when Count Konrad II died (see Chapter 1), although it was only from the late 11th century that primary sources routinely refer to the head of the family as "Comte de Luxembourg".  The Luxembourg family achieved a significant increase in influence and power following the marriage in 1000 of Siegfried's daughter Kunigunde to Heinrich IV Duke of Bavaria, who was elected as Heinrich II King of Germany in 1002 and crowned emperor in 1014.  Kunigunde's brother Heinrich was installed as duke of Bavaria in 1004, although his relations with his brother-in-law the king were far from smooth and he was deprived of the duchy a few years later.  He was reappointed duke in 1017, but lost the title again after King Heinrich died in 1024.  His nephew Heinrich ruled as duke of Bavaria from 1042 until he was murdered in 1047.  Another family achievement was the election in 1081 of Hermann Graf von Salm, nephew of the second Duke Heinrich, as king of Germany in opposition to King Heinrich IV, although he appears to have been chosen because of his obscurity and lack of influence rather than his own personal qualities.  There is considerable uncertainty about the reconstruction of the early generations of the descendants of Count Siegfried, particularly in relation to their family connections to the Grafen von Gleiberg (see the document FRANCONIA NOBILITY) which are discussed below. 

 

When Comte Conrad II died in 1136, he was succeeded as Comte de Luxembourg by his first cousin Henri de Namur (see Chapter 2), the son of his paternal aunt Ermensende.  The reason for the exclusion from the succession to the county of Conrad's own son and his nephews has not yet been identified.  Another younger branch of the original Luxembourg family continued to rule as Grafen von Salm (see LOWER LOTHARINGIAN NOBILITY, extinct in the male line in 1784) and Seigneurs de Blâmont (extinct 1503) but made little impact on the European political scene.  Comte Henri de Namur was succeeded by his daughter Ermensende, who transmitted the county of Luxembourg to Hendrik van Limburg, her son by her second marriage to Waleran IV Duke of Limburg (see Chapter 3). 

 

By the late 13th century, imperial influence had declined considerably in the western part of the kingdom of Germany[3].  Luxembourg had emerged as one of the largest German states, bound to the north by the county of Namur and the bishopric of Liège, to the west by France, to the south by the duchy of Lorraine and the county of Bar, and to the east by the archbishopric of Trier.  Although Luxembourg was a German state whose population spoke a German dialect, its rulers frequently intermarried with French and Walloon aristocracy.  Contacts with France increased after Henri de Namur inherited the county in 1136.  By the early 13th century, French was replacing Latin as the language of charters and became the language spoken at the Luxembourg court. 

 

In 1294, Comte Henri VII became a French vassal, although he did not break his ties with the empire[4].  Nor did this prevent his election as king of Germany in 1308.  The new king had little territorial influence in Germany outside his own county.  In order to increase his power, he arranged the marriage of his son Jean to the heiress of the kingdom of Bohemia in 1310.  Thereafter, the Luxembourg monarchs maintained their centre-stage position in European politics for more than a hundred years, during which time they also succeeded as kings of Hungary and Markgrafen of Brandenburg. 

 

After the death of Emperor Sigmund in 1437, Luxembourg was inherited by his son-in-law Albrecht II Duke of Austria.  On the death of the latter in 1439, the territory passed to Duke Albrecht's daughter Anna and her husband Wilhelm Duke of Saxony.  However, their accession was challenged by Philippe Duke of Burgundy.  The Burgundian claim was based on the transfer in 1409 by Emperor Wenzel (Emperor Sigmund's older brother) of a mortgage over Luxembourg to Elisabeth Herzogin von Görlitz, the daughter of Wenzel and Sigmund's deceased younger brother Johann Markgraf von Brandenburg.  The representatives of Luxembourg, except the nobility, acknowledged Elisabeth and her husband as their "mortgage rulers/souverains engagistes" at Arlon in 1410 and the couple took possession of the county in 1412.  Elisabeth's uncle Sigmund forbade Luxembourg from paying homage to her, but he was forced to confirm her position when he was unable to redeem the pledge after he inherited the county from his brother Wenzel in 1419.  Elisabeth sold her rights as engagiste to Philippe Duke of Burgundy in 1441.  Burgundian forces captured Luxembourg in 1443, and Wilhelm Duke of Saxony sold his claim for 120,000 Hungarian gulden.  Luxembourg was acknowledged as Burgundian territory, and in 1444 was united with the other provinces of the Low Countries as an administrative entity under Burgundian rule[5].  After the death of Duchess Elisabeth in 1451, Ladislas, posthumous son of Albrecht V Duke of Austria, claimed Luxembourg as the direct heir of Emperor Sigmund, and his troops occupied parts of the duchy.  Ladislas opened negotiations with Charles VII King of France to sell his rights to Luxembourg, the arrangement being confirmed by his betrothal to the king's daughter, but he died in 1457 before a final settlement was reached.  From that time Burgundian rule was unchallenged, and Luxembourg became part of the territories which eventually passed into the hands of the Habsburg dynasty as a result of the marriage in 1477 of Marie, daughter and heiress of the last Valois duke of Burgundy, to Archduke Maximilian. 

 

Governors of Luxembourg were appointed by the rulers of Burgundy: these were, in chronological order, Robert de Virnenburg, Corneille bâtard de Bourgogne, Antoine Prince de Chimay et de Croÿ, Charles Comte de Charolais (later Duke of Burgundy), Rudolf Markgraf von Hochberg, Everard de la Marck Seigneur d'Arenberg, Claude de Neufchâtel, Christoph Markgraf von Baden, and Bernhard Markgraf von Baden[6]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    COMTES de LUXEMBOURG 963-1136

 

 

Some ideas concerning the possible ancestry of Siegfried, first count of Luxembourg, are discussed below.  Another line of enquiry is suggested by the possible inheritance of the position of advocatus of the abbey of Stavelot.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 905 that "Adelardus comes de Rupe in Ardenna" was "apud Stabularius vice abbatis"[7].  Adalard has not otherwise been identified, although his name is relatively common among the Frankish nobility in the 9th and 10th centuries (see the document FRANKS, CAROLINGIAN NOBILITY).  A family relationship between this early Comte Adelard and the later comtes de La Roche of the family of the comtes de Namur is suggested because the latter also held the post of advocatus of Stavelot (see LOWER LOTHARINGIAN NOBILITY).  In the 11th century, members of the Luxembourg family are recorded as advocatus of Stavelot, the title passing to Namur on the marriage of Ida of Saxony, widow of Friedrich of Luxembourg, to Albert III Comte de Namur.  It is likely that the post of advocatus of Stavelot was hereditary, which suggests that it may have passed to the Luxembourg family through a possible descent, either through the male or the female line, from Comte Adelard. 

 

 

Two possible siblings: 

1.         [JUDITH (-27 Jul [1037/38], bur Bourzonville/Busendorf).  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names "Adalbertus comes marchio et uxor sua Iuditha" as parents of Gerhard, noting that they were both buried in the monastery and in a later passage noting their joint donation dated "1033 pridie Kal Feb"[8].  "Iuta marchionissa Litoringie" donated property "villam nostram Mamendorf" to the abbey of St Matthew by charter dated 1030[9].  "Adelbertus dux et marchio Lotoringie et Iuditta uxor mea ducissa et marchionissa" donated property "villam nostram Mamendorf" to the abbey of St Matthew by charter dated 12 Jun 1037[10].  The testament dated 1037 of "Adalbero…prepositus S Paulini Treuerensis" is witnessed by "Adelberti avunculi nostri marchionis et ducis Lothoringie et Iuditte amicte nostre uxoris sue"[11].  It is not clear from the document whether it was Judith or her husband who was the blood relation of Adalbero.  "Avunculus" suggests that Adalbert was Adalbero's maternal uncle.  This cannot be correct as Adalbert's brother Gerhard is recorded as having married Siegfried's daughter Eva, who would in that case have been his niece.  It appears more likely, therefore, that the relationship was with Judith.  "Amita" suggests that Judith was Adalbero´s paternal aunt.  However, Siegfried´s birth is estimated to [930/40].  From a chronological point of view, it is more likely therefore that Judith would have been Adalbero´s great-aunt.  m ADALBERT Graf von Metz, son of [RICHARD Graf von Metz or GERARD Graf von Metz] & his wife --- (-[1 Feb/30 Jun] 1037 or after, bur Bourzonville Monastery).]

2.         --- .  The identity of Cunigonde´s supposed third husband, the father of Siegfried, has not been ascertained.  The name of Siegfried´s oldest son suggests that he may have been called Heinrich.  [m as her third husband, CUNIGONDE, widow firstly of WIGERICH [III] Comte d´Ardenne and secondly of RICHWIN [Richizo] Comte [de Verdun], daughter of --- & his wife Ermentrud --- ([895]-after [930/40]).  Her parentage and first marriage are indicated by the charter dated to [915] under which Charles III “le Simple” King of the West Franks donated the abbeys of Hastières and Saint-Rombaut to Liège Saint-Lambert, granting the enjoyment for life to "comes Windricus...uxoris eius...Cunegundis et unius filiorum ipsorum...nostri nepotis Adelberonis"[12].  Her first and second marriages are confirmed by the Vita Iohannis Gorziensis which names "episcopo…Adalberone" (her son by her first husband) and "vitrico…eius Richizone" (her second husband)[13].  Her parentage is confirmed more specifically because the mother of Siegfried Count of Luxembourg is named "Cynigund", daughter of "Irmindrud" daughter of Louis II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks, in an 11th century genealogy which traces the ancestry of Siegfried's daughter Empress Kunigunde[14].  The family relationship between Count Siegfried and the descendants of Wigerich [III] is confirmed by a reference in one of Gerbert's letters to Siegfried being patruus of the Wigerich's grandson Gozelo[15].  However, Siegfried´s birth is estimated to [930/40] which indicates that he could not have been the son either of Wigerich or of Cunigonde's second husband Richwin.  The only explanation which is consistent with all the sources is that Cunigonde married for a third time after the death of her second husband and that she was the mother of Siegfried by her third marriage.  This necessitates a somewhat broad interpretation of “patruus” in Gerbert.  The identity of her supposed third husband has not been ascertained.]  One child: 

a)         SIEGFRIED ([930/40]-28 Oct [998], bur Trier).  The precise origin of Siegfried Count of Luxembourg is unknown but it is probable that he was related to Wigerich [III].  Gerbert of Aurillac refers to "Godefridum, patruumque eius Sigifridum" in a letter dated 985 addressed to "dominæ Teuphanu Imperatrice" after he visited the pair in prison following their unsuccessful defence of Verdun against Lothaire King of the Franks[16], other letters clarifying that "Godefridum" was Godefroi Comte de Verdun, grandson of Wigerich [III].  Siegfried´s birth, estimated to [930/40], indicates that he could not have been the son either of Wigerich (died [916/19]) or of Cunigonde's second husband Richwin (died [923/24]).  Another indication that Siegfried was probably not the son of Wigerich is his absence from a charter dated 943, issued by the widow of Wigerich's son Gozelon, which is subscribed by the latter's three known lay brothers[17].  As discussed further above, the most likely possibility appears to be that Siegfried was the son of Cunigonde by an otherwise unrecorded third marriage.  Otto I King of Germany transferred the convent of Echternach to Siegfried "advocatus altaris" in [949/50], although the charter relating to this grant has not yet been identified.  Siegfried owned scattered properties in Feulen, Hosingen and Monnerich (in the pagus Wabrensis) and at Berncastel and Roussy (in the pagus Mosellanus)[18]Comte [de Luxembourg].  "Sigefridus comes de nobili genere natus" received the castle of Luxembourg from St Maximin, Trier in exchange for property "villa Feulen in comitatu Giselberti comitis in pago Arduenne in villa…Viulna [et]…in pago Mathingouui in comitatu Godefridi comitis super ripem Alsuntie fluminis" by charter dated 17 Apr 963[19].  Gade reproduces a photographic copy of the original charter[20].  Vogt of Echternach from 973: "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property to Kloster Echternach by charter dated 15 Mar 973 which names "comitis Sigifridi fidelis nostri"[21].  Vogt of St Maximin at Trier: Archbishop Egbert donated property "de beneficio Luthardi comitis…mortuo sine herede" to Trier St Paul by charter dated 981, subscribed by "…Sigefridi comitis et rerum S Maximini advocatis…"[22].  He captured Wicfred Bishop of Verdun, who had attacked Siegfried's territory, at Vandresel but released him in [984].  Richer records that "Belgicæ dux Theodericus, necnon et vir nobilis ac strenuus Godefridus, Sigefridus quoque vir illustris, Bardo etiam et Gozilo fratres clarissimi et nominatissimi" captured Verdun in 985[23].  Siegfried helped defend Verdun against Lothaire King of the West Franks in [984/85], but was captured together with Godefroi Comte de Verdun [Wigeriche][24].  According to the Preface of Vitæ Heinrici et Cunegundis Imperatores, "Sigefridus Kunuz comes, pater Chunigundis imperatricis, obiit V Kal Novembrisi"[25].  The necrology of Ranshofen records the death "V Kal Nov" of "Sigefridus Kunuz pater Chunigundis imperatricis"[26].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "VI Kal Nov" of "Seifredus comes"[27].  The year of Siegfried´s death is uncertain but is assumed to have been around [998].  Siegfried is named "Siefredi Saxonum ducis" by Rodulfus Glaber when recording the marriage of his daughter to Heinrich II King of Germany[28].  No other primary source has been identified which either accords the ducal title to Siegfried or directly links him to Saxony.  The editor of the MGH SS edition of the text suggests that “all Germans called themselves Saxones” and that “all those in powerful positions adopted the title dux” ("omnes Germanos dicere videtur Saxones, omnes potentiores ducis nomine ormat")[29]m (before 963) HEDWIG, daughter of --- (-13 Dec after 993).  "Sygefridus comes" reached an agreement with Heinrich Archbishop of Trier by charter dated 17 Sep 964 which names "coniunx mea Hadewige, filiusque noster Henricus"[30].  "Sigifridus comes…cum coniuge mea Hadewihe" donated property "in valle Alsunciensi in villa Marics in comitatu Ardenensi regimini filii nostri Heinrici comitis subiacenti" to St Maximin, Trier by charter dated 993[31].  According to the Preface of Vitæ Heinrici et Cunegundis Imperatores, "domina Hedewich comitissa, mater Chunigundis imperatricis, obiit Idus Decembris"[32].  The necrology of Ranshofen records the death "Id Dec" of "Hedewich com mater Chunigundis imperatricis Papie occisus"[33].  Siegfried & his wife had [eleven] children:

i)          [SIEGFRIED (-after [Apr 985]).  Gerbert addressed a letter to “Sigiffrido comitis filio”, maybe dated to Apr 985[34].  The “comitis” who was the father of “Sigiffrido...filio” is not named, although the letter refers to “parentes vestros qui nunc exules sunt...eos ad flumen Matronam II Kal Apr allocuti sumus”.  This last phrase refers to the previous and subsequent letters in the compilation which name “Godefridus” and “Godefridum patruumque eius Sigefridum” in the context of their capture on that date.  The suggestion is therefore that “Sigiffrido...filio” was the son of Siegfried Comte de Luxembourg.  If that is correct, the date suggests that Siegfried junior must have been one of his father´s older children.  No later reference to a son named Siegfried has been found, which suggests that he died soon after this date.  Another letter of Gerbert records that “filium Sigefridi” was present at the death of “Ottonem...Caesarem” [presumably identified as Emperor Otto II who died in Rome in 983][35].  Havet, editor of the Gerbert compilation consulted, indicates in relation to this [983] letter that Siegfried “avait un fils qui portait le même nom que lui”, referring to the [Apr 985] letter[36].  However, no part of the [983] letter indicates the identity of “filium Sigefridi”, so it is not known whether he was the same person as the addressee of the [Apr 985] letter.  One son of Siegfried was present in Italy in the early 980s: a list of those sent by Emperor Otto II to Italy, dated 981, records “filius Sicconis comitis XXX secum ducat” in the list of nobles grouped with “Carolus dux”, presumably indicating a Lotharingian contingent and therefore linking “Sicconis comitis” to Siegfried Comte de Luxembourg[37].  The chronology suggests that this unnamed son was probably the same as the unnamed son who was present two years later at the emperor´s deathbed in Italy, but there is no indication that he was the son named Siegfried.] 

ii)         HEINRICH (before 17 Sep 964-27 Feb 1026).  "Sygefridus comes" reached an agreement with Heinrich Archbishop of Trier by charter dated 17 Sep 964 which names "coniunx mea Hadewige, filiusque noster Henricus"[38].  The likely chronology of the other members of this family suggests that Heinrich must have been an infant at that time.  The Annalista Saxo names "Teoderici Metensi episcopi et Heinrich postmodum ducis Bawarici" as brothers of "domnam Cunigundam, felicis memorie virginem", wife of Emperor Heinrich II[39]Comte [de Luxembourg].  Vogt of St Maximin at Trier.  His brother-in-law Heinrich II King of Germany appointed him in 1004 as HEINRICH V Duke of Bavaria but resumed the title himself in 1009.  Herimannus names "Theoderico Metense episcopo et Heinrico Baioriæ duce Fridericoque comite" as brothers of "Adalbero clericus, reginæ Cunigundis germanus", when recording their rebellion against Heinrich II King of Germany and the deprival of Heinrich's title of duke of Bavaria in 1008[40].  According to Gade, the confiscation was due to a dispute over the archbishopric of Trier to which Duke Heinrich was manoeuvring to appoint his brother Adalbert, in opposition to King Heinrich who feared that too much power would accrue to the Luxembourg family[41].  Graf von Bidgau: "Everbero ex nobili prosapia origen" donated property "in pago Bitgouuensi in comitatu Henrici ducis in villa…Frenkinka" to St Maximin, at the request of "fratris sui…Wazonis qui monastica religione…est", by charter dated in the compilation to [993], but presumably dateable to after 1004 as Heinrich is given the ducal title[42].  Henri was reappointed duke of Bavaria in 1017, but lost the title after the death of Emperor Heinrich II in 1024.  Thietmar records that "the empress…enthroned her brother Heinrich as duke of Bavaria" in 1018[43].  As "Hezzilo Duke of Bavaria", brother of Empress Kunigunde, he is recorded as the latter's adviser in Wipo's description of the election of Konrad II King of Germany in 1024[44].  He lost the title after the election of King Konrad II in 1024.  The Historia Episcoporum Pataviensium et Ducum Bavariæ records the death in 1026 of "Heinricus dux Bavarie frater sancte Chunigundis"[45].  The necrology of Ranshofen records the death "III Kal Mar" of "Heinricus dux frater Chunigundis imperatricis"[46]

iii)        LIUTGARD ([965/70]-14 May after 1005, bur Egmond).  Thietmar names "the queen's sister Liudgard", recording that "the king attacked the Frisians with a fleet…to placate [her] fury", dated to [May/Jun] 1005 from the context of the text[47].  The Annales Egmundani name "Lutgarda comitissa" as wife of "Arnulphus comes tertius [Hollandensium]" but do not give her origin, specifying in a later passage that they were "legally" betrothed in 980 at "coram rege Ottone"[48].  Her origin is confirmed by the necrology of Ranshofen which records the death "III Id May" of "Liukart com soror Chunigundis imperatricis"[49].  Her betrothal date suggests that she was one of Siegfried's older children, maybe born [965/70].  The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records the death "II Id Mai" of "Lutgardis…sua collateralis" and her burial at Egmond[50].  Beke's Egmondsch Necrologium records the death "pridie Id Mai" of "Lutgairdis uxor eius [Arnulfi comitis] filia regis Grecorum"[51].  According to the Preface of Vitæ Heinrici et Cunegundis Imperatores, "Liukart comitissa, soror Chunigundis imperatricis, obiit II Non Iulii"[52], but this date is inconsistent with other primary sources.  m (Betrothed 980) ARNULF Count of Holland, son of DIRK II Count of Holland & his wife Hildegarde [de Flandre] ([950]-killed in battle Winckel 18 Sep 993, bur Egmond). 

iv)       daughter .  Her parentage is confirmed by the necrology of Ranshofen which records the death "XIII Kal Oct" of "Abba Uta filia sororis Chunigundis imperatricis"[53].  m THIETMAR, son of --- (-29 Mar ----).  According to the Preface of Vitæ Heinrici et Cunegundis Imperatores, "Dietmarus, pater abbatisse Uotæ, obiit IV Kal Aprilisi"[54].  Vogt of St Maria an der Rosel, Coblenz castle.  "Rihdahc" donated property to Kloster St Maria an der Rosel, in the castle of Coblenz, by undated charter, placed in the compilation with other charters dated [981/89], subscribed by "…Thietmari comitis et eiusdem monasterii advocati…"[55], although it is not certain that this refers to the same Graf Thietmar.  Graf Thietmar & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ODA (-19 Sep after 1017).  The necrology of Ranshofen records the death "XIII Kal Oct" of "Abba Uta filia sororis Chunigundis imperatricis"[56].  "Outa…consanguinea imperatricis" is named first abbess of the convent of Kaufungen, founded in 1017 by Empress Kunigund[57]

v)        FRIEDRICH (-6 Oct 1019).  "Domna Berta, viri illustris Volcmari comitis relicta" donated property "in pago Moselensi in comitatu Waldeleuinga cui Gisilbertus comes…villa Mudenfert" to St Maximin, Trier by charter dated 996 witnessed by "Friderich comes"[58]

-         see below

vi)       DIETRICH [Theoderic] (-2 May 1047).  The Annalista Saxo names "Teoderici Metensi episcopi et Heinrich postmodum ducis Bawarici" as brothers of "domnam Cunigundam, felicis memorie virginem", wife of Emperor Heinrich II[59]Herimannus names "Theoderico Metense episcopo et Heinrico Baioriæ duce Fridericoque comite" as brothers of "Adalbero clericus, reginæ Cunigundis germanus", when recording their rebellion against Emperor Heinrich II in 1008[60]Bishop of Metz 1006.  As "Theodoric Bishop of Metz", brother of Empress Kunigunde, he is recorded as the latter's adviser in Wipo's description of the election of Konrad II King of Germany in 1024[61].  The necrology of Ranshofen records the death "VI Non May" of "Theodericus Metensis eps frater Chunigundis imperatricis et Ermindrud abba soror eius"[62].  Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1046 of "Deoderico Mettensium episcopo" and the succession of “Adelbero fratruelis eius[63]

vii)      KUNIGUNDE (-Kaufungen 3 Mar 1033[64], bur Bamberg Cathedral).  The Annalista Saxo names "domnam Cunigundam, felicis memorie virginem" as wife of Emperor Heinrich II, specifying that she was sister of "Teoderici Metensi episcopi et Heinrich postmodum ducis Bawarici"[65].  Rodulfus Glaber refers to the wife of Emperor Heinrich as "filiam Siefredi Saxonum ducis"[66].  No direct indication of the date of Kunigunde's marriage has been found apart from Thietmar's references to her which show that the couple was already married when her husband was elected king[67].  She founded Kaufungen convent in 1017.  The Annales Herbipolenses minores record the death in 1038 (maybe a transcription error for 1033 rather than a date error) of "sancta Kunegundis imperatoris" and her burial at Bamberg[68].  The necrology of Regensburg St Emmeran records the death "V Non Mar" of "Chunigunt imperatrix"[69].  She was canonised 29 Mar 1200, feast day 3 Mar[70]m (early Summer 1000) HEINRICH IV Duke of Bavaria, son of HEINRICH II "der Zänker" Duke of Bavaria & his wife Gisela of Upper Burgundy (-Pfalz Grona 13 Jul 1024, bur Bamberg Cathedral).  He was elected HEINRICH II "der Heilige" King of Germany at Mainz 7 Jun 1002, crowned at Aachen 8 Sep 1002, crowned Emperor at Rome 14 Feb 1014. 

viii)     GISELBERT ([980/85]-killed in battle Pavia 18 May 1004).  Thietmar names a "youth…Giselbert, the queen's brother", recording his death in battle outside Pavia[71].  The epithet suggests that Giselbert must have been one of the younger children of Siegfried, maybe born in [980/85], although no other corroboration for this statement has been found.  "Domna Berta, viri illustris Volcmari comitis relicta" donated property "in pago Moselensi in comitatu Waldeleuinga cui Gisilbertus comes…villa Mudenfert" to St Maximin, Trier by charter dated 996 witnessed by "Friderich comes"[72].  The necrology of Merseburg records the death "18 May" of "Gisilbertus frater imperatricis Chunigunde"[73].  The necrology of Ranshofen records the death "XV Kal Jun" of "Gisilbertus frater Chunigundis imperatricis Papie occisus"[74]

ix)       ADALBERO (-after 1037).  Herimannus names "Adalbero clericus, reginæ Cunigundis germanus" when recording his appointment as provost at Trier[75].  Thietmar records the election in 1008 of "Adalbero…the queen's brother and still an immature youth" as Archbishop of Trier to succeed Liudolf who died 6/7 Apr 1008 and the cancellation of the election by his brother-in-law King Heinrich II[76], which triggered his rebellion against the king60.  The Vita Meinwerci names "Athelbero præpositus monasterii sancti Paulini Treveris" and "soror eius Cunigunda [regina]" in a paragraph dated 1017[77].  Provost of St Paul in Trier.  "Adalbero…prepositus S Paulini Treuerensis, dominus de Ruscheio, de Serico, de Sarburch et de Berincastel" left a testament dated 12 Nov 1036, witnessed by "Godefrido duce, Gerardo comite, Arnolfo comite, Bertholfo comite, Friderico comite eiusque fratribus, Gisilberto et Theoderico, Hartmanno comite…"[78].  Another testament dated 1037 of "Adalbero…prepositus S Paulini Treuerensis" is witnessed by "Adelberti avunculi nostri marchionis et ducis Lothoringie et Iuditte amicte nostre uxoris sue"[79]

x)        EVA (-19 Apr after 18 Jun 1040).  "Comes Gerardus" donated property to the monastery of Fruttuaria, at the request of "conjuge Eva" for the soul of "filii sui Sigifredi defuncti", by charter dated 1020, witnessed by "Girardi, Giselberti, Folmarii comitum…"[80].  Her parentage is deduced from Thietmar naming her son Siegfried, son of Count Gerhard, "the empress's nephew"[81].  This is confirmed by "Henricus…rex" granting property "in villa Morlinga in pago Musiligeauue in comitatu Uirad" to "Abenze…ex parte sue sororis contectalis Heinrici imperatoris" by charter dated 18 Jun 1040[82]m GERHARD Graf von Metz, son of [RICHARD Graf von Metz/GERHARD Graf von Metz] & his wife --- (-[28 Dec 1021/23]). 

xi)       ERMENTRUDE (-2 May ----).  The necrology of Ranshofen records the death "VI Non May" of "Theodericus Metensis eps frater Chunigundis imperatricis et Ermindrud abba soror eius"[83].  Abbess.  No record has yet been found which identifies the abbey of which Ermentrude was abbess. 

 

 

Possible niece of Empress Kunigunde, the identity of her parents is not known:

1.         HEMMA .  "Hemma…nostræ neptis" is named as mother of "Willihelmo comitis" to whom "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted property "inter fluenta Souuue et Soune, Zotle et Nirine in pago Seuna" by charter dated 15 Apr 1016[84].  The precise relationship between Hemma and Emperor Heinrich II is not known.  An interesting speculation is suggested by the necrology of Traunkirchen which records the death "IV Non Jan" of "Chunigundis regina fundatrix no ecclesie"[85].  If Hemma was the niece of Queen Kunigund, and died young, it is possible that the Queen founded the monastery in her memory, associating Hemma's husband in the foundation (together with his new wife).  m [as his first wife,] WILHELM [III] Graf, son of [WILHELM [II] Graf & his wife ---] (-29 Sep [1010]). 

 

 

FRIEDRICH, son of SIEGFRIED Comte [de Luxembourg] & his wife Hedwig --- (-6 Oct 1019).  "Domna Berta, viri illustris Volcmari comitis relicta" donated property "in pago Moselensi in comitatu Waldeleuinga cui Gisilbertus comes…villa Mudenfert" to St Maximin, Trier by charter dated 996 witnessed by "Friderich comes"[86]Herimannus names "Theoderico Metense episcopo et Heinrico Baioriæ duce Fridericoque comite" as brothers of "Adalbero clericus, reginæ Cunigundis germanus", when recording their rebellion against Emperor Heinrich II in 1008[87].  The Annales Quedlinburgenses record the death in 1019 of "Fridericus, frater Cunigundæ imperatricis"[88].  Graf im Moselgau.  Vogt of Stablo and Malmédy. 

m [as her second husband,] --- [von Hammerstein], [widow of --- von Gleiberg,] daughter of HERIBERT Graf im Kinziggau Pfalzgraf [Konradiner] & his wife Imiza [Irmintrudis] --- ([970/85]-).  The parentage of the wife of Graf Friedrich is suggested by the Vita Adelheidis which names "Irminthrudis, Alverad [et] Berthrada" as the three sisters of Adelheid, and daughters of "Megengoz" and his wife, specifying that Irminthrudis was grandmother of [three of the sons of Graf Friedrich, shown below] "Heinrici magnifici ducis et Adhelberonis Metensis episcopi, Friderici ducis"[89].  The possibility of this person´s earlier otherwise unrecorded marriage is suggested by the Genealogia Welforum which names [this person´s daughter] "Salice---de Glizperch Imizam nomine, Heinrici Noricorum ducis sororem et Friderici ducis Lotharingorum et Alberonis Metensis episcopi" as wife of Welf [II] Graf von Altdorf (see below)[90].  The reference to “Glizperch” represents the earliest indication of a relationship between the Luxembourg family and the Grafen von Gleiberg (see the document FRANCONIA NOBILITY).  One possibility is that the wife of Graf Friedrich was heiress of Gleiberg.  However, Irmtrud/Imiza is the only one of the siblings shown below in relation to whom a reference to Gleiberg has been found.  This raises the interesting possibility that Irmtrud/Imiza, while sharing the same mother as the three brothers named in the Genealogia Welforum, may have been born from a different father who presumably held Gleiberg.  It should be emphasised that this suggestion is highly speculative.  Another indication of a Gleiberg/Luxembourg family connection is provided by Bernold´s Chronicon which records in 1059 that “Fridericus et fratres eius de Glichberga” rebelled against “Heinrico regi[91].  It is not known which of Friedrich´s brothers may have been “von Gleiberg”.  Another possible indication of the family origin of the wife of Graf Friedrich is provided by the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines which records that "comes Letardus de Longui pater Manegaudi et Gislebertus comes de Luscelenburch" were "nepotes" of Emperor Konrad II[92].  The precise family relationships between these three persons have not been traced, but it is possible that Giselbert was related to the emperor through his mother´s family, which had many Franconian connections. 

Graf Friedrich & his wife had [ten] children: 

1.         [IRMTRUD [Imiza] (-after 2 Aug 1055, bur Altomünster).  The Genealogia Welforum names "Salice---de Glizperch Imizam nomine, Heinrici Noricorum ducis sororem et Friderici ducis Lotharingorum et Alberonis Metensis episcopi" as wife of Welf, specifying that her dowry was "villam Moringen et Elisinam curtem in Longobardia"[93].  The possibility that Irmtrud/Imiza was “Gleiberg” not “Luxembourg”, born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage of her mother, is discussed above.  Jordan suggests that the land in Lombardy was probably near Este[94].  A codex of Kloster Weingarten records that "dux Welfo…cum uxore sua Irmindrude…de Glizberc" transferred Kloster Altorf "super montem"[95].  The estimated date of her marriage suggests that Irmtrud was one of her parents´ older children.  m ([1015]) WELF [II] Graf von Altdorf, son of RUDOLF Graf von Altdorf & his wife Ita von Öhningen [Konradiner] (-10 Mar 1030, bur Altdorf).] 

2.         OGIVE (-21 Feb or 9 Mar 1030, bur Gent St Peter).  The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana names "filiam Gisleberti comitis Odgivam" as wife of "Balduinum Barbatum"[96].  “Gisleberti” in this source is presumably an error for “Friderici”.  As noted above, Giselbert brother of Friedrich was recorded as a “youth” when he was killed in battle in 1004.  It is not impossible that he was married with a young child at the time.  However, another version of the Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ names "Adalberto Metensis episcopus, Fredericus dux Lotharingie, Henricus dux Baioarie, Gislebertus comes de Salinis" as brothers of Baudouin´s wife[97].  It is unlikely that the “youth” Giselbert was the father of five children when he died.  In addition, other primary sources confirm that the brothers Heinrich and Adalbero were sons of Friedrich.  It is probable therefore that Ogive was also Friedrich´s daughter.  The date of her marriage suggests that Ogive was one of her parents´ older children.  The marriage was presumably arranged by Emperor Heinrich II as part of the alliance negotiated in 1012.  Her name is confirmed by the Annales Blandinienses which record the death in 1030 of "Odgiva comitissa"[98].  The Memorial of "Odgiva…Balduino domino" records her death "IX Mar"[99]m ([1012]) as his first wife, BAUDOUIN IV "le Barbu/Pulchrae Barbae" Count of Flanders, son of ARNOUL II “le Jeune” Count of Flanders & his wife Rozala di Ivrea [Italy] ([980]-30 May 1035). 

3.         HEINRICH (-murdered 14 Oct 1047, bur Trier St Maximin).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 28 Jan 1025 which records the grant of property "prædium...in pago Musolechouue in comitatu...Heinrici filii Friderici"[100].  The Vita Adelheidis names "Heinrici magnifici ducis et Adhelberonis Metensis episcopi, Friderici ducis fratrumque suorum" as grandsons of "Irminthrudis", daughter of Megingoz[101].  One version of the Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ names "...Henricus dux Baioarie..." as one of the brothers of Ogive when recording her marriage[102].  The necrology of Ranshofen records that Heinrich was the son of Empress Kunigund´s brother[103].  He succeeded his uncle as Comte [de Luxembourg] in 1026 as well as in his other properties in Moselgau and Bidgau[104].  Vogt of St Maximin at Trier.  He was installed in 1042 as HEINRICH VII Duke of Bavaria by Heinrich III King of Germany.  "Heinricus...Bawariorum dux...per manum Wolframmi advocati sui" sold property "predia Chregelingen et Rintbach dicta in pago Tvuergowe in comitatu Hecelonis comitis sita" to Bamberg, provided it would revert if “ipse vel fratres eius Heremannus aut Dietericus vel aliorum fratrum suorum” returned the price, by charter dated 13 Nov 1045[105].  The Annales Necrologici Fuldenses record the death in 1047 of "Henrichus dux"[106].  The Historia Episcoporum Pataviensium et Ducum Bavariæ records the death in 1048 of "Heinricus dux Bavarie filium fratris sancte Chunigundis" in his 23rd year as duke "a suis consiliaris strangulator"[107].  The necrology of Ranshofen records the death "II Id Oct" of "Henricus filius fratris Chunigundis imperatricis"[108]

4.         FRIEDRICH (-28 Aug 1065, bur Stablo).  The Vita Adelheidis names "Heinrici magnifici ducis et Adhelberonis Metensis episcopi, Friderici ducis fratrumque suorum" as grandsons of "Irminthrudis", daughter of Megingoz[109].  One version of the Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ names "...Fredericus dux Lotharingie..." as one of the brothers of Ogive when recording her marriage[110].  "…Friderico comite eiusque fratribus, Gisilberto et Theoderico…" were among the witnesses of the testament dated 12 Nov 1036 left by "Adalbero…prepositus S Paulini Treuerensis, dominus de Ruscheio, de Serico, de Sarburch et de Berincastel", who was their paternal uncle[111].  He was installed by Heinrich III King of Germany as FREDERIC Duke of Lower Lotharingia in 1046.  Vogt of Stablo and Malmédy.  Ekkehard´s Chronicon Wirziburgense records that “Fridericus et fratres eius” attacked “Germaniæ partibus...contra imperium Romanum” but were defeated by “Agnete imperatoris et principibus regni”, dated to 1057[112].  Bernold´s Chronicon records in 1059 that “Fridericus et fratres eius de Glichberga” rebelled against “Heinrico regi[113]m firstly GERBERGE de Boulogne, daughter of EUSTACHE [I] Comte de Boulogne & his wife Mathilde de Louvain (-before 1059, bur Abbey of Stablo).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Gerbergam, Friderici ducis uxorem" as daughter of "Mathildis filia Gerberge"[114]m secondly as her first husband, IDA of Saxony heiress of Laroche in the Ardennes, daughter of BERNHARD II Duke in Saxony [Billung] & his wife Eilika von Schweinfurt (-31 Jul 1102, bur Namur).  "Ida" is named as wife of "Albertus comes Namucensis" in the Chronicon Sancti Huberti, which specifies that "prius fuerat uxor ducis Frederici", but her origin is not given[115].  The Genealogia ex stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Idam Namucensem…uxorem Angelberti marchionis et Gertrudem comitissam Flandrensem" as children of "Bernardum"[116].  She married secondly ([1065/66]) Albert III Comte de Namur.  Friedrich & his first wife had [two] children:

a)         [UDO (-after 1065)Graaf van Limburg"Comes Udo de Lemborch" donated a servant to the church of St Adalbert, Aachen by charter dated 1061[117].  Advocate of Saint-Trond.  A charter dated 1065 issued by Adalbero Bishop of Metz, relating to the rights of the advocate of the abbey of Saint-Trond, refers to "germanum meum ducem Lotharingiæ Fridericum…felicis memoriæ" and "domino Udone, fratris mei successore"[118].  The separate existence of Udo Graaf van Limburg is far from certain.  The possibility that there was a separate Graaf van Limburg named Udo in the mid-11th century appears excluded by the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines, which records that "castrum de Lemborch" was built by "Galeranus", son of "Adala comitissa Arolune…soror Sigifridi…filia…ducis Theoderici", who had received "dominium ultra Mosam prope Leodium" as dowry when he married[119].  As noted below, "Galeranus" is identified as Waleran [II] Comte d´Arlon, whose wife is recorded in another primary source as Judith de Luxembourg, daughter of Frédéric Duke of Upper Lotharingia, brother of Adalbero Bishop of Metz who issued the 1065 charter quoted above.  Alberic therefore appears to leave no room for a Graaf Udo between Duke Frédéric and Graaf Walram.  This of course assumes that Alberic´s report is accurate, which is not guaranteed given the numerous other points of detail on which his version of events and relationships conflicts with information found in other primary sources.  The 1061 and 1065 charters certainly indicate that Alberic´s description of the construction of Limburg castle may be compressed, as it is difficult to interpret the documents in any other way than indicating that "domino Udone" was the successor of the same Duke Frédéric.  There appear to be three possibilities:  Firstly, Udo may have been the same person as Waleran [II] Comte d´Arlon who, for unexplained reasons, was called by one name in some sources and another name in others.  This is the solution to the problem which was adopted by Ernst in his early 19th century Historie de Limbourg after a detailed review of all the sources[120].  He justifies his conclusion by stating that "les binoms étaient d´un usage généralement reçu parmi les princes au moyen âge" and referring to "une foule d´exemples", although only citing the example of Walram [II] Graaf van Limburg who is also called "Payen"[121], an unsuitable choice to support his hypothesis.  It is correct that the Annalista Saxo names Walram [II] "Walrabonum ducem qui et Paginus dicebatur"[122].  Walram is also named "comes Paganus" and "dux Paganus" in charters dated 15 May 1127 and 13 Jun 1128 respectively[123].  However, "Pagan" seems to have been the appellation used in medieval times for unbaptised children and, where baptism was delayed for some reason, probably continued to be used from force of habit even after the child received his baptismal name.  The extract from the Annalista Saxo highlights another common feature of double names, which are frequently referred to in primary sources linked by some such qualifier as "dicebatur" or "cognominatus", which is not the case with Udo/Walram.  The solution of a double name cannot be excluded but it is probably a last resort in case no other solution presents itself.  Secondly, Udo may have been the otherwise unrecorded son of Duke Frédéric who succeeded his father but died soon after, leaving Limburg to his sister and her husband Waleran [II].  One difficulty with this interpretation is that the 1065 charter uses the word "successore" without adding "filio".  Thirdly, Udo could have been the husband of an otherwise unrecorded older daughter of Duke Frédéric, the castle of Limburg passing to the younger daughter Judith who was married to Waléran [II] Comte d´Arlon (see below).  Whatever the correct solution to this conundrum, it appears unwise to ignore altogether the possible existence of a separate Graaf Udo.  He is therefore shown in this document in square brackets, linked to Frédéric Duke of Upper Lotharingia as a possible son rather than son-in-law only because the display format in the document does not easily lend itself to showing one person with two different ancestries.] 

b)         JUDITH .  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Iuttam" as daughter of "Friderici ducis" and his wife Mathilde (presumably an error for Gerberge), naming her son "Henricum de Lemburc"[124], although it appears from other sources that Hendrik was Judith's son-in-law not her son.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that the dowry of Waleran's wife was "dominium ultra Mosam prope Leodium"[125]m WALERAN [II] Comte d'Arlon, son of WALERAN [I] Comte d'Arlon & his wife ---(-1081). 

5.         ADALBERO (-13 Nov 1072, bur Metz Saint-Sauveur).  His parentage is confirmed by the Vita of Pope Leo IX which names "duo Adalberones contribules sui...prior...ducis...Theodorici filius, alter...Hezilonis ducis germanus ac Frederici...principis natus"[126].  The Vita Adelheidis names "Heinrici magnifici ducis et Adhelberonis Metensis episcopi, Friderici ducis fratrumque suorum" as grandsons of "Irminthrudis", daughter of Megingoz[127].  One version of the Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ names "Adalberto Metensis episcopus..." as one of the brothers of Ogive when recording her marriage[128]Bishop of Metz 1047.  The Gesta Abbatem Trudonensium records that, after the death of "domnus Theodericus secundus huius nominis, Metensis episcopus" in 1048 "Adelbero eius consanguineus, nepos Adelberonis tercii huius nominis ex fratre Theoderico duce Lotharingie seu Mosellorum" succeeded as Bishop of Metz[129].  A later passage names "Adelberonis Metensis episcoporum" as brother of "Theoderico duce Lotharingie seu Mosellanorum" specifying that he was installed in 1060 as advocatus of St Trudo, the following passage naming "Fredericum ducem" so clarifying that the earlier reference was a mistake for Friedrich[130]

6.         GISELBERT (-14 Aug [1056/59]).  "…Friderico comite eiusque fratribus, Gisilberto et Theoderico…" were among the witnesses of the testament dated 12 Nov 1036 left by "Adalbero…prepositus S Paulini Treuerensis, dominus de Ruscheio, de Serico, de Sarburch et de Berincastel", who was their paternal uncle[131].  The primary source which confirms that Friedrich was the father of the three brothers has not yet been identified.  Graf von Salm: an exchange of property between the abbeys of St Maximin and Malmédy by charter dated 1035 is witnessed by "comes Gislebertus de Salmo"[132].  One version of the Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ names "...Gislebertus comes de Salinis" as one of the brothers of Ogive when recording her marriage[133].  Gade speculates that Giselbert obtained Salm by marriage[134].  Referred to as "comes de castello Lucelinburg" and "Gilbertus Luceburgenses comes", he succeeded his brother in 1047 as Comte de [Luxembourg].  Gade states that he was "a wild, warlike man who seized every opportunity to increase his power", he seized land from the abbeys of Echternach and St Maximin, in the district of Köln and from Poppo Archbishop of Trier[135].  Vogt of St Maximin at Trier and of Echternach.  He was killed in an uprising in Italy[136]m [as her second husband,] ---, [widow of ---], daughter of ---.  The name of Giselbert's wife is not known.  Her two marriages are suggested by the Chronicon of Marianus Scottus which records the election of [her son] “Cuonradi fratrem Herimannum, Heinrici de Lacha fratris filium” as king of Germany[137].  As noted below, this interpretation (by which Conrad Comte [de Luxembourg] and Hermann [anti] King of Germany would have been uterine not full brothers) provides one means of reconciling the two statements in this source which otherwise appear contradictory.  In addition, if this hypothesis is correct, this person (whose parentage is unidentified) could have been heiress of Salm, which passed firstly to her second husband during their marriage and secondly, after his death, to her son by her first husband.  It should be noted that Gade also speculated that Giselbert obtained Salm through his marriage[138].  The family relationship between King Hermann and Conrad Comte de Luxembourg is also indicated by the Chronicon of Bernold which records the death in 1086 of "Chonradus comes, frater Heremanni regis" while on pilgrimage to Jerusalem[139].  Giselbert & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         CONRAD (-in Palestine 8 Aug 1086, bur [1090 Luxembourg Münster Abbey]).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitis Conradis" as son of "Gislebertus comes de Luscelenburch"[140].  Vogt of St Maximin at Trier and of Stablo.    

-        see below

b)         [JUDITH von Salm .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, "Judith von Salm", supposedly daughter of Giselbert Graf von Salm [Wigerich], was the wife of "[Udo] van Limburg", and this couple were the parents of Hendrik Graaf van Limburg[141].  The primary source which confirms this proposition has not yet been identified.  On the basis of the information so far found in primary sources, it is unlikely that this supposed couple existed.  The reasoning is set out in the document LIMBURG and need not be repeated here.  m [UDO] van Limburg, son of ---.] 

c)         [daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the charter dated 1088 under which her daughter "Regina ex prosapia non obscura…comitis Cononis filia qui frater extit Conraldi viri…in itinere Jerosolimitano defuncti, generi nimirum comitis Pictaviensis" donated property to the abbey of Marcigny-sur-Loire for the foundation of the priory of Aiwaille[142].  Fabri identifies "Conradi" as Conrad Comte de Luxembourg, suggesting that "frater" should be interpreted to indicate brother-in-law[143].  If the speculation relating to the two possible marriages of Giselbert´s wife is correct as suggested above, “frater” could also indicate uterine brother, in which case Kuno´s wife may have been the full sister of Hermann [anti] King of Germany.  m KUNO Graf von Oltingen, son of BUCCO Graf von Oltingen & his wife ---.] 

7.         HERMANN (-after 13 Nov 1045).  "Heinricus...Bawariorum dux...per manum Wolframmi advocati sui" sold property "predia Chregelingen et Rintbach dicta in pago Tvuergowe in comitatu Hecelonis comitis sita" to Bamberg, provided it would revert if “ipse vel fratres eius Heremannus aut Dietericus vel aliorum fratrum suorum” returned the price, by charter dated 13 Nov 1045[144]

8.         DIETRICH (-after 13 Nov 1045).  "…Friderico comite eiusque fratribus, Gisilberto et Theoderico…" were among the witnesses of the testament dated 12 Nov 1036 left by "Adalbero…prepositus S Paulini Treuerensis, dominus de Ruscheio, de Serico, de Sarburch et de Berincastel", who was their paternal uncle[145].  "Heinricus...Bawariorum dux...per manum Wolframmi advocati sui" sold property "predia Chregelingen et Rintbach dicta in pago Tvuergowe in comitatu Hecelonis comitis sita" to Bamberg, provided it would revert if “ipse vel fratres eius Heremannus aut Dietericus vel aliorum fratrum suorum” returned the price, by charter dated 13 Nov 1045[146]

9.         [GISELA (-21 May ----).  Du Chesne states that Gisela was buried in the same chapel as Ogive Ctss of Flanders and concludes that she was "seur de ladite Odgive" but cites no primary source which confirms the family relationship[147].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not been identified.  Du Chesne does not mention her marriage.  Her marriage is indicated by the charter dated 1056 under which Baudouin V Count of Flanders approved the donation made by "matrona Gisla" of "Ronneka" to the abbey of Saint-Pierre de Gand, signed by "Balduini de Warnastum, Hugonis de Oldenaerde, Roberti et Wenemari de Lens, Balduini filii ipsius Gisle, item filiorum eius Rodulphi, Gisleberti…"[148].  "Gisla" granted a serf to the abbey of Saint-Pierre de Gand by charter dated Apr 1058, signed by "Balduuini filii ipsius Gislæ, item filiorum eius Rodulfi, Gisleberti…"[149].  The Memorial of "femina Gisla" records her death "Iunii XII ante Kal"[150]m RUDOLF van Gent [Aalst], son of ---.  [1031/34]-1052.] 

10.      UDA .  The Fundatio Ecclesiæ Sancti Georgii Lunarensis names "nobilis domina Uda" as sister of "domini Alberonis Metensi episcopi"[151].  Canoness at Remiremont 1080/1100.  Abbess of Saint-Rémy at Lunéville. 

 

 

CONRAD, son of GISELBERT Graf von Salm [Luxembourg] & his wife --- (-in Palestine 8 Aug 1086, bur [1090 Luxembourg Münster Abbey]).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitis Conradis" as son of "Gislebertus comes de Luscelenburch"[152].  Vogt of St Maximin at Trier and of Stablo.  He succeeded his father in [1056/59] as Comte [de Luxembourg].  He captured Eberhard Archbishop of Trier, for which he was excommunicated[153].  "Conradus comes" founded the Benedictine abbey of Münster [Altmünster] in Luxembourg, with the consent of "uxore mea Clementia cum filiis et filiabus nostris", by charter dated 7 Jul 1083[154].  He died while on the pilgrimage which had been required before his excommunication could be lifted[155].  He is referred to as "Comes de Luccilinburg" on the seals of Münster abbey, the first of his family to which this title was ascribed[156].  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death in 1086 of "Chonradus comes, frater Heremanni regis" while on pilgrimage to Jerusalem[157].  His tomb at Münster records the death of “comes Conradus...peregrinus sepultus in terra decenter non sua...VI Id Aug” 1086, the return of his body four years later, and its burial in the presence of “conjuge sua Clementia, per manum Adalberonis primicerii Metensis, Henrici comitis, Conrardique comitis...Rodolpho abbate filio comitis[158]

There is considerable confusion regarding the wife or wives of Comte Conrad.  It is likely that Comte Conrad married twice.  Alternatively, he may have had a single wife to whom all the references below refer, although if this was correct she would have had a considerable lifespan considering that Conrad´s grandson by his daughter Mathilde is named in 1087 (see below): 

[m --- de Poitou, daughter of --- [Duke of Aquitaine, Comte de Poitou] & his wife ---.  Her marriage and family origin are confirmed by the charter dated 1088 under which "Regina ex prosapia non obscura…comitis Cononis filia qui frater extit Conraldi viri…in itinere Jerosolimitano defuncti, generi nimirum comitis Pictaviensis" donated property to the abbey of Marcigny-sur-Loire for the foundation of the priory of Aiwaille[159].  Fabri identifies "Conradi" as Conrad Comte de Luxembourg, suggesting that "frater" should be interpreted to indicate brother-in-law, the text indicating that Conrad was son-in-law of "comitis Pictaviensis"[160].  If this alleged Poitou origin of the wife of Comte Conrad is correct, the problem is identifying her father.  There are few data points to establish the chronology of the family of the comtes de Luxembourg, but it appears likely that Comte Conrad would have been born in [1030/40].  If this is correct, his Poitou wife would most likely have been a granddaughter of Guillaume V "le Grand" Duke of Aquitaine [Guillaume III Comte de Poitou].  Secondary sources have suggested that she was the daughter of Duke Guillaume V´s son, Guillaume VII "Acerrimus/l'Aigret" Duke of Aquitaine [Guillaume V Comte de Poitou].  The thrust of the argument from which this conclusion is drawn is an explanation for the transmission of Longwy to the Luxembourg family: Alberic de Trois Fontaines names the wife of Comte Conrad "comitissa de Longui et de Castris Ermensendis"[161], and Comte Conrad´s daughter of the same name is later recorded as holding Longwy.  As the family origin of the wives of the other dukes of Aquitaine/comtes de Poitou is known, the argument proceeds on the assumption that Duke Guillaume VII´s wife Ermesinde is the only possible source from whom Longwy could have been inherited.  There are several difficulties with this argument.  Firstly, the word "gener", used in the 1088 charter, may have been used in a wider sense in the same way as "frater": for example, cases have been observed in other primary sources where "gener" indicates brother-in-law.  Secondly, it is far from certain that the passage in Alberic is factually correct: as noted below, difficulties are suggested by the reference to "Castris", which normally indicates the county of Bliescastel, between which and the wife of Comte Conrad the no connection can be found.   Thirdly, there is considerable uncertainty over the ownership of Longwy after the death of Comte Manegold in [1040] (see the document UPPER LOTHARINGIA NOBILITY).  Fourthly, the mother of Comte Conrad´s daughter Ermensende (who later held Longwy) is confirmed in another charter (see below) as Conrad´s known wife Clémence, although it is of course possible that Alberic simply mistook the name and that Clémence was the heiress of Longwy.  In conclusion, there are too many variables in this situation to conclude that the wife of Comte Conrad was the daughter of Guillaume VII Duke of Aquitaine.] 

[m [firstly] ERMENSENDE [Ctss de Longwy], daughter of ---.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitissa de Longui et de Castris Ermensendis" as wife of "Conrado comiti de Luscelenburch"[162].  "Castris" is normally the Latin name used for Bliescastel (see the document UPPER LOTHARINGIA NOBILITY).  No connection has been identified between Ermensende and the family of the Grafen von Bliescastel.  Concerning Longwy, according to the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, it was held in the 1140s by Adalbert [Graf von Metz] Duke of Upper Lotharingia: the Gesta names "Albertum de Longui castro, quem…ducem", the text appearing to refer to the duke of Upper Lotharingia who was killed in 1148[163].  If this is correct, it is possible that the wife of Comte Conrad was Ermensende, daughter of Adalbert Duke of Lower Lotharingia.  However, no other record has been found of Longwy being in the possession of the family of the Grafen von Metz.  Szabolcs de Vajay suggests that the Gesta incorrectly attributes Longwy to Duke Adalbert, confusing him with Albert [II] Graf von Dachsburg, first husband of Ermensende de Luxembourg, daughter of Comte Conrad, who is later recorded as heiress of Longwy[164].  No other indication has been found of the ownership of Longwy during the period [1140/60].  This proposed parentage of the wife of Comte Conrad should be considered as highly speculative.  Another possibility is that Alberic misquoted the name of the countess and that Ermensende was an error for Clémence.] 

m [secondly] (before 1080) [as her first husband,] CLEMENTIA, daughter of --- (-after 1141).  Her [first] marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 7 Jul 1083 under which "Conradus comes" founded the Benedictine abbey of Münster [Altmünster] in Luxembourg, with the consent of "uxore mea Clementia cum filiis et filiabus nostris"[165].  "Conradus cum uxore mea Clementia" founded the abbey of Münster at Luxembourg, with the consent of "filiis meis Henrico, Conradi et Wilhelmo", by charter dated 1080[166].  The tomb of her husband at Münster records the death of “comes Conradus...peregrinus sepultus in terra decenter non sua...VI Id Aug” 1086, the return of his body four years later, and its burial in the presence of “conjuge sua Clementia, per manum Adalberonis primicerii Metensis, Henrici comitis, Conrardique comitis...Rodolpho abbate filio comitis[167].  Meginher Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of Kloster Schiffenberg by "Clementia…comitissa" with the consent of "filii sui Willehelmi et filie Irmesindis" by charter dated 17 Jun 1129[168].  It is possible that Clémence married [secondly/thirdly] [as his second wife,] Gerhard [I] Graaf van Gelre.  Her supposed [second/third] marriage is confirmed by a second version of the charter confirming the foundation of Kloster Schiffenberg, dated 1129, which records the donation made by "Clementia comitissa de Glizberc…per manum Gerhardi mariti sui comitis de Gelre", with the consent of "palatine comitisse Gertrudis" (identified as Gertrud von Northeim, widow of Siegfried Graf von Orlamünde, Pfalzgrafen von Lothringen, and wife of Otto von Salm Graf von Rheineck) to whom one fourth part of the property belonged[169].  Szabolcs de Vajay dismisses this supposed [second/third] marriage, considering that this second Schiffenberg document is a falsification[170].  However, the language of the document is not obviously anachronistic, the only surprising element being the large number of witnesses.  The doubts surrounding the authenticity of these documents is discussed at length by Wyss[171].  "Clementia comitissa de Glizberg cum meis nepotibus Ottone et Wilhelmo" confirmed the foundation of Schiffenberg, with the consent of "domne Gertrudis palatine…[et] Adela filia eiusdem palatine", by charter dated 1141[172].  A highly speculative [second] marriage to --- Graf von Gleiberg is also suggested by the documents relating to Clementia´s supposed [second/third] marriage, because of the two references to her as “comitissa de Glizberc”.  No primary source document has yet been identified in which Clementia´s [first] husband is described as “Graf von Gleiberg”.  Nor has any record been found of the county of Gleiberg being held by her son by this [first] marriage, Guillaume [I] Comte de Luxembourg, nor by Guillaume´s son Conrad [II] Comte de Luxembourg.  One possible explanation is that Clementia was not in fact heiress of Gleiberg, although she is often described as such in contemporary secondary sources, and that she was accorded the title in the 1129 and 1141 as the widow of an otherwise unidentified “Graf von Gleiberg” whom she married after the death of Conrad [I] Comte de Luxembourg.  If that is correct, this shadowy [second] husband may have been the uncle or great-uncle of the cousins Otto and Wilhelm who are named above and who would have inherited the title after his death.  If Clementia was dowager countess of Gleiberg, maybe continuing to hold part of the county as dower from her [second] husband, this would explain the necessity of her acting jointly with her nephews in the 1129 and 1141 documents. 

Comte Conrad & his [first] wife had one child: 

1.         MATHILDE de Luxembourg (-after 1070).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitem Guilelmum de Luscelenburg…et Ermensendem…et Mathildem" as children of "Conrado comiti de Luscelenburch" and his wife Ermensende, specifying that Mathilde was "comitissam de Longui et de Homborc et de Castris" and that she was mother of "comitem Folmerum et sorores eius Helvidem, quam habuit comes Gerardus de Reneke dyocesis Herbipolensis et illam qua dux de Bronsviic genuit filiam, que in Sclavia hereditavit"[173].  It is improbable, from a chronological point of view, that Mathilde was the daughter of Conrad´s wife Clementia, assuming that the latter is the same person who is named in charters dated 1141 (see above).  Considering that Mathilde´s son is named in 1087, it is unlikely that Mathilde herself could have been born much later than [1065].  If that is correct, Clementia would have been a centenarian when she died after 1141, which is unlikely.  It is therefore probable that Mathilde was born from an earlier marriage of her father´s.  m GOTTFRIED [III] Graf im Bliesgau, son of FOLMAR [III] Comte de Metz & his wife Suanehilde --- (-1098 or after).  1075/98.

Comte Conrad & his [first/second] wife had four children: 

2.         HENRI de Luxembourg (-after 12 Apr 1095).  "Conradus cum uxore mea Clementia" founded the abbey of Münster at Luxembourg, with the consent of "filiis meis Henrico, Conradi et Wilhelmo", by charter dated 1080[174].  He succeeded his father in 1086 as HENRI III Comte de Luxembourg.  The tomb of his father at Münster records the death of “comes Conradus...peregrinus sepultus in terra decenter non sua...VI Id Aug” 1086, the return of his body four years later, and its burial in the presence of “conjuge sua Clementia, per manum Adalberonis primicerii Metensis, Henrici comitis, Conrardique comitis...Rodolpho abbate filio comitis[175].  “Heinricus comes Coenradi piæ memoriæ comitis filius” swore to defend the church of Echternach by charter dated 1095, subscribed by “Heinricus palatinus, Herimannus Herimanni comitis filius et frater eius Theodericus…[176].  He made a peace treaty with the archbishop of Trier and supported the emperor in the investiture conflict[177]

3.         RUDOLF de Luxembourg (-1099).  Abbé de Saint-Vannes at Verdun 1075/99.  His brother installed him as abbot of Münster at Luxembourg after 1083[178].  The tomb of his father at Münster records the death of “comes Conradus...peregrinus sepultus in terra decenter non sua...VI Id Aug” 1086, the return of his body four years later, and its burial in the presence of “conjuge sua Clementia, per manum Adalberonis primicerii Metensis, Henrici comitis, Conrardique comitis...Rodolpho abbate filio comitis[179]

4.         CONRAD de Luxembourg (-after 1090).  "Conradus cum uxore mea Clementia" founded the abbey of Münster at Luxembourg, with the consent of "filiis meis Henrico, Conradi et Wilhelmo", by charter dated 1080[180].  The tomb of his father at Münster records the death of “comes Conradus...peregrinus sepultus in terra decenter non sua...VI Id Aug” 1086, the return of his body four years later, and its burial in the presence of “conjuge sua Clementia, per manum Adalberonis primicerii Metensis, Henrici comitis, Conrardique comitis...Rodolpho abbate filio comitis[181]

5.         ADALBERO de Luxembourg (-killed Antioch early 1098).  Archdeacon at Metz Cathedral.  The tomb of his father at Münster records the death of “comes Conradus...peregrinus sepultus in terra decenter non sua...VI Id Aug” 1086, the return of his body four years later, and its burial in the presence of “conjuge sua Clementia, per manum Adalberonis primicerii Metensis, Henrici comitis, Conrardique comitis...Rodolpho abbate filio comitis[182].  Albert of Aix records that "filium comitis Cunradi de Luezelenburch, Adelberonem…clericum et archidiaconum Metensis ecclesiæ, juvenem" played dice with a noble lady in an orchard outside Antioch, where they were surprised by Turks who beheaded Adalbero, kidnapped the lady, and later catapulted their heads across the plain from the ramparts of the city, dated to early 1098 from the context[183]

Comte Conrad & his [second] wife had two children: 

6.         ERMENSENDE de Luxembourg (-26 Jun 1141).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitem Guilelmum de Luscelenburg…et Ermensendem…et Mathildem" as children of "Conrado comiti de Luscelenburch" and his wife Ermensende, specifying that Ermesinde was wife of "Namucensem…comitis Godefridi"[184].  Ermensende´s correct parentage is stated in the charter dated 17 Jun 1129 under which Meginher Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of Kloster Schiffenberg by "Clementia…comitissa" with the consent of "filii sui Willehelmi et filie Irmesindis"[185].  "Ermensendis comitissa Namucensis" confirmed the prior donation of property to the church of Verdun Sainte-Vanne by "senioris mei comitis Alberti" by charter dated to [1124], subscribed by "domni mei Godefridi comitis et filii mei Henrici comitis, Hugonis filii Folmari comitis, Everardi filii Aiulfi comitis"[186].  "Ermensendis comitissa de Muhalt, quæ uxor…comitis Alberti" founded the monastery of Saint-Victor, Huy by charter dated 1130[187].  Heiress of Luxembourg and Longwy, after the death of her nephew Comte Conrad [II] in 1136.  "Comitissa de Musal Ermensendis cum viro suo Namucensi comite Godefrido" donated property to Flône, at the request of "Guntranni et Gisle uxoris eius", by charter dated 1137[188].  In a charter dated 1139, "Albero…Leodiensium episcopus" notes a donation of property to the abbey of Marcigny-sur-Loire by "domna Ermensendis comitissa de Musalt, quæ uxor extitit…comitis Alberici" on the suggestion of "quadam nobili et religiosa fœmina nomine Regina, sibi enim consanguinea"[189], the original donation presumably being dated before [1109] when Ermesinde married her second husband.  It is likely that "Regina" in this charter was Regina von Oltingen, whose mother was first cousin to Ermesinde.  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "VIII Kal Jun" of "Ermensendis comitissa Namucensis qui cum viro suo…comite Alberto cellam Montis Sancti Martini…confirmavit"[190]m firstly as his second wife, ALBERT [II] Graf von Dagsburg, son of [ALBERT [I] de Moha & his wife ---] (-24 Aug 1098).  m secondly ([1109]) as his second wife, GODEFROI [I] Comte de Namur, son of ALBERT [III] Comte de Namur & his wife Ida von Sachsen (-19 Aug 1139). 

7.         GUILLAUME de Luxembourg (before 1080-[17 Jun 1129/1131]).  "Conradus cum uxore mea Clementia" founded the abbey of Münster at Luxembourg, with the consent of "filiis meis Henrico, Conradi et Wilhelmo", by charter dated 1080[191]The Gesta Treverorum names "comite Willehelmo filio Cuonradi comitis de castello Lucelenburch"[192]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitem Guilelmum de Luscelenburg…et Ermensendem…et Mathildem" as children of "Conrado comiti de Luscelenburch" and his wife Ermensende[193].  Guillaume´s correct parentage is stated in the charter dated 17 Jun 1129 under which Meginher Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of Kloster Schiffenberg by "Clementia…comitissa" with the consent of "filii sui Willehelmi et filie Irmesindis"[194].  The tomb of his father at Münster records the death of “comes Conradus...peregrinus sepultus in terra decenter non sua...VI Id Aug” 1086, the return of his body four years later, and its burial in the presence of “conjuge sua Clementia, per manum Adalberonis primicerii Metensis, Henrici comitis, Conrardique comitis...Rodolpho abbate filio comitis[195].  "…Wilhelmus comes de Lutzelenburg cognate mei…" subscribed the charter dated 1093 under which "Heinricus…comes palatinus Rheni et dominus de Lacu…uxore mei Adleide" founded the abbey of Laach[196].  Vogt of Echternach 1096.  He succeeded his brother in [1096] as GUILLAUME I Comte de Luxembourg.  Richard de Grandpré, Bishop of Verdun, invested him in 1109 with the counties of Stenay and Mouzay, which had been confiscated by Heinrich IV King of Germany from Matilda Ctss of Tuscany in 1085 and were eventually ceded to the bishopric of Verdun[197].  Guillaume was excommunicated by Bruno Archbishop of Trier after appropriating land in 1111 from the monastery of St Maximin[198].  Wyss states that Conrad confirmed his father´s foundation of Münster abbey by charter dated 1122 (no primary source cited)[199].  “Counradus Dux de Zaringen, Gotefridus comes palatinus de Calewo, Adelbertus Comes de Lewinstein fratruelis eiusdem Gotefridi palatini, Hugo comes de Tagesburc, Volmarus Comes de Huneburc, Willehelmus Comes de Lucelenburc, Addelbero Comes de Areburc et frater eius Herimannus et ipse Comes Counradus de Horeburc...” witnessed the charter dated 1123 under which Emperor Heinrich V [IV] confirmed the foundation of Alpirsbach monastery[200].  "Willelmus comes de Luzzelenburch, Hermanus comes de Caluerlage, Reinoldus comes, Conradus comes, Arnoldus comes, Gerlagus comes, Imeko comes, Gerhardus comes de Heinnersberch, Hermannus comes de Salmena et filius eius, Friderikus comes de Sarebrugge…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Dec 1127 under which Lothar King of Germany granted property in Dreiech to "ministeriali Cuonrado de Hagen…[et] uxori suæ Liuckardi"[201].  Meginher Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of Kloster Schiffenberg by "Clementia…comitissa" with the consent of "filii sui Willehelmi et filie Irmesindis" by charter dated 17 Jun 1129[202]m ([1105]) LUITGARD von Beichlingen, daughter of KUNO von Northeim Graf von Beichlingen & his wife Kunigunde von Orlamünde.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Lutgardis" as wife of "comitem Guilelmum de Luscelenburg" but does not give her origin[203].  The Annalista Saxo records (but does not name, except for the fourth daughter) the four daughters of Kuno & his wife, one of whom (listed second) married "Willehelmus comes de Licelenburh"[204].  Comte Guillaume I & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         CONRAD de Luxembourg (-1136).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Conrardi" as son of "comitem Guilelmum de Luscelenburg" & his wife[205].  He succeeded his father in [1129/31] as CONRAD II Comte de Luxembourgm (before 1134) as her second husband, ERMGARD van Zutphen, widow of GERHARD [II] Graaf van Gelre, daughter of OTTO [II] "der Reiche" Graaf van Zutphen & his wife Judith ---.  A charter dated 1134 records the donation by "Domina Ermengardis comitissa…hæres legitima oppidi Sutphaniensis…cum marito suo Cunrado comite de Lucelenburg et filio suo Henrico" of "ecclesiam Lochemensem", confirmed by the bishop of Utrecht, for the souls of "mariti sui Gerardi…domini Ottonis comitis patris sui et matris suæ Judithæ et fratrum suorum piæ memoriæ…episcopi Theodrici et comitum Henrici et Gerardi"[206].  Comte Conrad II & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [OTTO (-after 1162).  Graf von Gleiberg 1141/62.  Otto is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln as the son of Conrad II Comte de Luxembourg, and therefore the great-grandson of Conrad I Comte de Luxembourg and his [second] wife Clementia[207].  That hypothesis is presumably based on the following two documents: firstly, "Clementia comitissa de Glizberg cum meis nepotibus Ottone et Wilhelmo" confirmed the foundation of Schiffenberg, with the consent of "domne Gertrudis palatine…[et] Adela filia eiusdem palatine", by charter dated 1141[208]; secondly, "Wilhelmus et Otto comites de Glizperch, consanguinei" confirmed the foundation of Schiffenberg, by "domna Clementia quondam in Glizpurch comitissa, consanguinea nostra", by charter dated 1141[209].  These two documents show that Otto and Wilhelm Grafen von Gleiberg were not brothers but related more distantly ("consanguinei"), maybe first or second cousins.  The documents also show that they were related to Clementia, widow of Conrad I Comte de Luxembourg ("consanguinea nostra").  The reconstruction shown in Europäische Stammtafeln assumes that "nepotibus" in the first document should be interpreted as "grandchildren".  However, it is not at all clear that this interpretation can be correct.  If it was, why would they describe Clementia in the second document using the imprecise term "consanguinea" when she would have been, respectively, their great-grandmother and grandmother?  An alternative possibility is therefore that Otto and Wilhelm were not members of the Luxembourg family at all but were related to Clementia through her own family (or the family of another of her husbands), assuming that "nepotibus" should be interpreted as "nephews".  This hypothesis would also explain why the county of Luxembourg was not inherited by any member of this "Gleiberg" family on the death of Comte Conrad II, but passed to Conrad´s paternal aunt Ermensende.]   

b)         LIUTGARD de Luxembourg (-before 1170).  Heiress of Luxembourg.  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names the wife of "Henricus Waflart comes Grandi-prati" as "comitissam de Luceleburch"[210].  The Chronicon Hanoniense refers to "Willelmi comitis de Lusceleborch…filiam…uxor comes de Grandi-Prato" when recording that her first cousin "Henricus comes Namurcensis" challenged her succession in Luxembourg after her father died[211]m HENRI [II] Comte de Grandpré, son of HENRI [I] Comte de Grandpré, de Porcien et de Verdun & his wife Ermentrude de Joux [Grandson] (-[1188/90]).

c)         [WILHELM (-after 1158).  Graf von Gleiberg.  Wilhelm is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln as the son of Conrad II Comte de Luxembourg, and therefore the grandson of Conrad I Comte de Luxembourg and his [second] wife Clementia[212].  That hypothesis is presumably based on the following two documents: firstly, "Clementia comitissa de Glizberg cum meis nepotibus Ottone et Wilhelmo" confirmed the foundation of Schiffenberg, with the consent of "domne Gertrudis palatine…[et] Adela filia eiusdem palatine", by charter dated 1141[213]; secondly, "Wilhelmus et Otto comites de Glizperch, consanguinei" confirmed the foundation of Schiffenberg, by "domna Clementia quondam in Glizpurch comitissa, consanguinea nostra", by charter dated 1141[214].  These two documents show that Otto and Wilhelm Grafen von Gleiberg were not brothers but related more distantly ("consanguinei"), maybe first or second cousins.  The documents also show that they were related to Clementia, widow of Conrad I Comte de Luxembourg ("consanguinea nostra").  The reconstruction shown in Europäische Stammtafeln assumes that "nepotibus" in the first document should be interpreted as "grandchildren".  However, it is not at all clear that this interpretation can be correct.  If it was, why would they describe Clementia in the second document using the imprecise term "consanguinea" when she would have been, respectively, their great-grandmother and grandmother?  An alternative possibility is therefore that Otto and Wilhelm were not members of the Luxembourg family at all but were related to Clementia through her own family (or the family of another of her husbands), assuming that "nepotibus" should be interpreted as "nephews".  This hypothesis would also explain why the county of Luxembourg was not inherited by any member of this "Gleiberg" family on the death of Comte Conrad II, but passed to Conrad´s paternal aunt Ermensende.] 

-        GRAFEN von GLEIBERG.  

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    COMTES de LUXEMBOURG 1136-1247 (NAMUR)

 

 

HENRI de Namur, son of GODEFROI Comte de Namur & his second wife Ermesinde Ctss de Luxembourg (1111-14 Aug 1196, bur Abbaye de Floreffe).  The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Henricum…et Albertum qui iuvenis decessit" as the two sons of "Godefridus comes Namurcensi" & his second wife[215].  He succeeded in 1136 as HENRI IV Comte de Luxembourg.  He succeeded his father in 1139 as HENRI I "l'Aveugle" Comte de Namur, de la Roche, de Durbuy et de Longwy.  He marched against Adalberon Archbishop of Trier in 1141, was excommunicated and lost Luxembourg territory when the archbishop counter-attacked, although peace was finally signed in Speyer in 1146[216].  He also challenged the authority of the Bishop of Liège, attacking the château de Bouillon which the bishop claimed from the counts of Bar, but was defeated in 1151 at Andenne by the forces of Bishop Henri de Leyon[217].  He named his brother-in-law Baudouin IV Comte de Hainaut as his heir in Namur and Luxembourg, the latter's son Baudouin V assuming the position of designated successor after his father's death[218].  Comte Henri lost his sight in 1182[219].  After the unexpected birth of his daughter in 1186, Comte Henri revoked his assurance to Baudouin V Comte de Hainaut concerning the succession and betrothed the infant to Henri II Comte de Champagne.  In 1188, Comte Henri was obliged to reinstate Baudouin as his heir after a verdict in the latter's favour from Heinrich VI King of Germany.  Comte Baudouin attacked Namur, captured Comte Henri and obtained a confirmation of his position from Emperor Friedrich I who also secretly created him Marquis de Namur.  Under a compromise reached in 1190, Baudouin received Namur immediately, with the expectation of Laroche and Durbuy after the death of Henri who received the revenues of these two counties for life; the fate of Luxembourg was not mentioned.  The creation of the Marquisate of Namur was announced at Worms in 1190, at which time Comte Henri retired to Luxembourg where he continued to rule as count[220].  He made a last attempt to recover Namur in 1194 but was defeated at Noville-sur-Mehaigne[221]

1.         ERMENSENDE de Namur (Jul 1186-12 Feb 1247, bur Clairefontaine, near Arlon[222]).  The Chronicon Hanoniense records the birth in Jul 1186 of "Ermensendem" daughter of "comes Namurcensis Henricus" and his wife Agnes[223].  The Chronicon Hanoniense records the betrothal in 1187 of "Ermensendis" and "comiti Campanensi Henrico"[224].  Her first betrothal was arranged by Comte Henri in order to guarantee a suitably strong protector for his daughter in light of his dispute with Baudouin V Comte de Hainaut regarding the eventual succession to his counties, but the arrangement was discontinued after the 1190 imperial decision in favour of Comte Baudouin[225].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 records the marriage of "Theobaldus comes Barrensis" and "filiam Henrici comitis ceci…Ermensendem"[226].  She succeeded her father in 1196 as ERMENSENDE Ctss de Luxembourg.  Her first husband bought the counties of Luxembourg, Durbuy and Laroche, with the approval of Philipp King of Germany, and besieged Philippe Marquis de Namur in his castle at Namur, which forced the negotiation of the 1199 treaty of Dinant[227].  Under the treaty, signed 26 Jul 1199, Baudouin IX Count of Flanders and Hainaut inherited Namur, while Ermesinde retained Luxembourg, Durbuy, Laroche and that part of Namur which lay on the right bank of the river Meuse[228]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "seniori Walerano filio Henrici" as second husband of "Ermensende filia Henrici ceci comitis Namucensis"[229].  The contract of marriage between "Waleranus filius Henrici ducis de Lemborch et marchio Arlnensis" and "dominæ Ermesindæ, comitissæ Luceleburq et Rupis" is dated 1214 and names "fratrum meorum Henrici de Valckenborcq et Gerardi de Horne et…filiorum meorum Henrici et Walerani"[230].  Dietrich Archbishop of Trier, at the request of "Walerami ducis de Limburg et comitis de Lutzelimburg", granted "feodum suum…de Arluns et Luzelliburg" to "uxori sue et conmatri nostre Ermegardi, prolibusquoque suis Henrico, Gerardo filiis, Catharine etiam filie sue" by charter dated 23 Nov 1223[231]Betrothed (1187) to HENRI II Comte de Champagne, son of HENRI I "le Libéral" Comte de Champagne & his wife Marie de France (29 Jul 1166-Acre 10 Sep 1197).  m firstly (1197) as his third wife, THIBAUT I Comte de Bar, son of RENAUD II Comte de Bar & his wife Agnes de Blois ([1160]-12/13 Feb 1214, bur Saint-Mihiel).  m secondly ([Feb/May] 1214) as his second wife, WALERAN de Limbourg Seigneur de Montjoie, son of HENDRIK III Duke of Limburg & his wife Sophie [von Saarbrücken] (-Cremona 2 Jul 1226, bur Rode Abbey).  He succeeded in 1221 as WALERAN III Duke of Limburg.    

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    COMTES de LUXEMBOURG 1237-1313 (LIMBURG-ARLON)

 

 

HENDRIK van Limburg, son of WALERAN III Duke of Limburg & his second wife Ermensende Ctss de Luxembourg ([1216/17]-Mainz 24 Dec 1281, bur Clairefontaine).  Dietrich Archbishop of Trier, at the request of "Walerami ducis de Limburg et comitis de Lutzelimburg", granted "feodum suum…de Arluns et Luzelliburg" to "uxori sue et conmatri nostre Ermegardi, prolibusquoque suis Henrico, Gerardo filiis, Catharine etiam filie sue" by charter dated 23 Nov 1223[232].  "Henricus dominus de Luzzelinburg, marchio de Arle" acknowledged a loan from Konrad Archbishop of Köln, with the consent of "domine…comitisse de Luzzelinburch matris mee, Gerardi fratris mei", by charter dated 1 May 1246[233].  On reaching the age of majority in 1237, he assumed the title Comte de Luxembourg, and succeeded his mother in 1247 as HENRI V "le Blond" Comte de Luxembourg.  He adopted the red lion of Limburg on a barred background as the arms of Luxembourg[234].  After his brother-in-law Thibaut II Comte de Bar seized Ligny in 1266, Comte Henri was defeated at Preny near Pont-à-Mousson 6 Sep 1266 and was captured and imprisoned at Mousson, although Ligny was restored after the mediation of Louis IX King of France[235].  "Henry cuens de Lucelbourg et de la Roche et Marchis d´Arlons" notified that “Walerans nostre filz” had become “hons liges à Henry son frere nostre ainey filz” for “Roussey...Liney”, which he had from his mother, by charter dated Apr 1270[236].  He joined the crusade of King Louis in 1270 and, after the king's death, he was proposed as the expedition's new leader by Charles I King of Sicily [Anjou-Capet][237].  Comte Henri was allied with Gérard Seigneur de Durbuy and Jean Duke of Brabant, against Jean Bishop of Liège and Guy Count of Flanders, in the so-called "War of the Cow" from 1272 to 1276, when the death of a peasant convicted of stealing a cow triggered regional devastation[238]

m (Betrothed Jul 1231, contract 4 Jun 1240, 1246) MARGUERITE de Bar, daughter of HENRI II Comte de Bar & his wife Philippa de Dreux [Capet] (-23 Nov 1273, bur Clairefontaine).  The marriage contract between "Ermesindis comitissa Lucelbergensis et marchionissa Arlunensis…Henricus dominus de Lucemburg filius meus" and "Margaretam filiam Henrici comitis Barrensis" is dated Jul 1231[239].  Her dowry was the seigneurie of Ligny-en-Barrois[240].  "Philippe comtesse de Bar" notified that she had given “Liney” to “Henry comte de Luxembourg en mariage avec Marguerite ma fille” by charter dated 4 Jun 1240[241].  An epitaph at Clairfontaine abbey near Arlon records the burial of "de Luxembourgh Marguerite...extrait de linaige de Bar et de Bretaigne..."[242]

Comte Henri V & his wife had six children: 

1.         HENRI de Luxembourg ([1250]-killed in battle Worringen 5 Jun 1288).  The Gesta Baldewini de Luczenburch names "Henrico Comite Luczelinburgensi" as son of "Henricus dictus Blondel"[243].  He succeeded his father in 1281 as HENRI VI Comte de Luxembourg, Durbuy, Laroche and Arlon. 

-        see below

2.         WALERAN de Luxembourg (-killed in battle Worringen [Wary] 5 Jun 1288)The Gesta Baldewini de Luczenburch names "Henrico Comite Luczelinburgensis" and "Walramo germano suo"[244].  Seigneur de Ligny-en-Barrois, de Roussy et de La Roche.  "Henry cuens de Lucelbourg et de la Roche et Marchis d´Arlons" notified that “Walerans nostre filz” had become “hons liges à Henry son frere nostre ainey filz” for “Roussey...Liney”, which he had from his mother, by charter dated Apr 1270[245]

-        SEIGNEURS de LIGNY, de ROUSSY et de LA ROCHE, COMTES de LIGNY.

3.         PHILIPPINE de Luxembourg ([1252]-6 Apr 1311).  The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records the marriage of Count Jean and "Philippam filiam comitis Lucemburgie"[246]m ([1265]) JEAN II d´Avesnes, son of JEAN I Comte de Hainaut & his wife Aleide of Holland (1247-22 Aug 1304).  He succeeded in 1280 as JEAN II Comte de Hainaut, and in 1299 as JAN II Count of Holland

4.         ISABELLE de Luxembourg (-25 Sep 1298).  The Iohannis de Thilrode Chronicon names "Elysabeth filia Henrici comitis de Lucemborch" as the second wife of "Guido", specifying that he obtained the county of Namur through her[247].  The History of the Bishops of Liège written by Jean Hocsemius, canon at Liège, records that "Isabella Flandriæ comitissa soror...comitis Lutzilburgensis" appointed “dominum de Falcomonte” to “terræ dotis suæ Namurcensis” in 1288 after “bellum apud castrum de Waronc” in which her brother was killed[248]m (May 1264) as his second wife, GUY joint Count of Flanders, son of GUILLAUME II Seigneur de Dampierre & his wife Marguerite II Ctss of Flanders and Hainaut ([1225/26]-imprisoned Compiègne 7 Mar 1305, bur Flines).  He succeeded his mother in 1278 as sole Count of Flanders. 

5.         MARGUERITE de Luxembourg (-after 13 Jul 1302).  Frau von Grevenmacher. 

6.         JEANNE de Luxembourg (-1310 after 3 Jul).  Abbess of Clairefontaine 1297. 

Comte Henri V had three illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

7.          HENRI bâtard de Luxembourg (-killed in battle Worringen 1288).  He supported his half-brother Henri VI Comte de Luxembourg against Jean Duke of Brabant and was killed in battle[249]m (before 1286) ISABELLE de Houffalize, daughter of ---.  Henri & his wife had one child: 

a)         BEATRIX de Luxembourg (-[1321]).  Heiress of Houffalize.  m (before 5 Apr 1297) GERARD de Grandpré Seigneur de Roussy.

8.          BAUDOUIN [Jean] bâtard de LuxembourgHe supported his half-brother Henri VI Comte de Luxembourg against Jean Duke of Brabant at the battle of Worringen[250]

9.          RAOUL bâtard de Luxembourg (-[1366/68]).  Seigneur de la Tour-Devant-Virton.  m SOPHIE de Chasteler, daughter of ---.  Raoul & his wife had one child: 

a)         CLEMENCE de Luxembourg m firstly (1369) JOSSE d'Aspremont Seigneur de Saulmoury et de la Tour-devant-Virton, son of ---.  m secondly ([1374/76]) GILLES bâtard de Luxembourg, son of WENZEL of Bohemia Duke of Luxembourg, Brabant and Limburg & his mistress --- (-1404 or after).  m thirdly HUET de Jametz, son of ---. 

 

 

HENRI de Luxembourg, son of HENRI V "le Blond" Comte de Luxembourg & his wife Marguerite de Bar ([1250]-killed in battle Worringen 5 Jun 1288).  The Gesta Baldewini de Luczenburch names "Henrico Comite Luczelinburgensi" as son of "Henricus dictus Blondel"[251].  He succeeded his father in 1281 as HENRI VI Comte de Luxembourg, Durbuy, Laroche and Arlon.  He captured the Bishop of Liège in the Bouillon forest and imprisoned him in Luxembourg castle[252].  He was also in dispute with the Archbishop of Trier after imposing new tolls on Trier inhabitants trading on the Moselle, and was excommunicated[253].  Comte Henri bought the duchy of Limburg from Reinald Graaf van Gelre for 40,000 marks.  Supporters of the other claimant, Jean Duke of Brabant who had bought his claim from Adolf V Graf von Berg, captured Worringen and battle ensued during which Comte Henri challenged Duke Jean to single combat in which he was killed[254].  The History of the Bishops of Liège written by Jean Hocsemius, canon at Liège, records that the fate of "Lutzilburgensis comes" was unknown in 1288 “Non Jun...bellum apud castrum de Waronc[255]

m (before 22 May 1265) BEATRIX d'Avesnes, daughter of BAUDOUIN Seigneur d'Avesnes Seigneur de Beaumont & his second wife Félicité de Coucy (-Abbaye de Beaumont, Valenciennes 25 Feb 1321, bur Abbaye de Beaumont).  The Chronicle of Baudouin d´Avesnes records that "filia…Beatrix", daughter of "domino Balduino de Avesnes domino de Bellomonte" and his wife, married "Henrico de Rupe primogenito comitis Lucelburgensis Henrici, ex sorore comitis Henrici Barrensis"[256].  The Gesta Baldewini de Luczenburch names "Domina Beatrice de Bellomonte in Hannonia" as wife of "Henrico Comite Luczelinburgensi"[257].  She was heiress of the seigneuries of Dourlers and Consorres[258].  She was regent of Luxembourg 1288-1295, during the minority of her son, after which she retired to Valenciennes[259]

Comte Henri VI & his wife had five children: 

1.         HENRI de Luxembourg (Valenciennes 12 Jul 1274-Buonconvento, near Siena 24 Aug 1313, bur Pisa Cathedral)The Gesta Baldewini de Luczenburch names "Henrico, Walrano et Baldewino" as sons of "Henrico Comite Luczelinburgensi"[260].  He succeeded his father in 1288 as HENRI VII Comte de Luxembourg, under the regency of his mother until 1295.  He was elected HEINRICH IX King of Germany in 1308. 

-        see below

2.         WALERAN de Luxembourg (-Brescia 21 Jul 1311, bur Verona Santa Anastasia).  The Gesta Baldewini de Luczenburch names "Henrico, Walrano et Baldewino" as sons of "Henrico Comite Luczelinburgensi"[261].  Seigneur de Dourlers, de Thirimont et de Consorre.

3.         MARGUERITE de Luxembourg (-Trier 14 Feb 1336).  Nun at Lille 1294.  Prioress of Marienthal 1301/1314. 

4.         FELICITEE de Luxembourg (-Beaumont Priory, near Valenciennes 6 Oct [1336], bur Beaumont Priory).  "Felicitas de Luxembourg demoiselle de Gaesbeck et de Consorre" named "son fils aisné Henry de Lovain segneur de Gaesbeck et Herstalle et Jean et Beatrix aussi ses enfants et…l´archevesque de Treves son frère et Jean roy de Boheme et de Polaine" in an undated document[262].  Nun at Beaumont Priory, near Valenciennes 1312, later Prioress.  m (contract Brussels 4 Oct 1298) JEAN "Tristan" de Louvain Heer van Gaesbeek, son of HENRI de Louvain Heer van Gaesbeck, Herstal en Baucignies & his wife Isabel van Beveren (-[8 Feb 1309/17 Jun 1311], bur Brussels Franciscan Church). 

5.         BAUDOUIN de Luxembourg (Autumn 1285-Trier 21 Jan 1354, bur Trier Cathedral).  The Gesta Baldewini de Luczenburch names "Dominum Balduinum" as son of "Henrico Comite Luczelinburgensi patre" and "Domina Beatrice de Bellomonte in Hannonia matre"[263].  Canon at Mainz Cathedral to 1308.  Canon at Trier Cathedral, provost before 1304.  Postulate at Mainz 1305/1306, his election as archbishop was opposed by Pope Clement[264].  Elected Archbishop of Trier 7 Dec 1307, installed as Archbishop and Elector of Trier 1308.  The Annales Lubicenses record the election of "comes Hinricus de Luczelenborch fratre suo" as archbishop of Trier in 1308[265].  Administrator of the Bishopric of Worms 1309/1310 and 1336/1337.  In 1310 he organised a provincial synod at Trier which pronounced against witchcraft, magic and astrology[266].  Elected Bishop of Mainz 1328/1336, later administrator of the Bishopric of Mainz.  Administrator of the Bishopric of Speyer 1331/1337. 

 

 

HENRI de Luxembourg, son of HENRI VI Comte de Luxembourg & his wife Beatrix d'Avesnes (Valenciennes 12 Jul 1274-Buonconvento, near Siena 24 Aug 1313, bur Pisa Cathedral).  He succeeded his father in 1288 as HENRI VII Comte de Luxembourg, under the regency of his mother until 1295.  He became a vassal of France in 1294, despite his existing feudal relationship with the empire[267].  He was elected HEINRICH IX King of Germany (the numbering depends on whether Heinrich Raspe Landgraf of Thuringia was recognised as Heinrich VIII King of Germany) at Frankfurt-am-Main 27 Nov 1308, with the support especially of Peter von Aspelt Archbishop of Mainz and his brother Baudouin de Luxembourg Archbishop of Trier[268], crowned at Aachen 6 Jan 1309.  He appointed Gilles von Rodemachern as governor of Luxembourg[269].  He launched his ill-fated Italian expedition in late 1310, was crowned king of Italy at Milan 6 Jan 1311.  The cities of Florence, Lucca and Brescia refused him entry[270].  He entered Rome in Jun 1312 but was opposed by Jean of Sicily, brother of King Robert.  He was eventually crowned Emperor HEINRICH VI at the Lateran 29 Jun 1312, although only a small part of the ceremonial could be completed because of the disturbances[271].  He allied himself with Federigo King of Sicily [Aragon] and prepared an expedition against Naples[272].  He died of "marsh fever" near Siena[273], although a rumour circulated that he had been poisoned by his Dominican confessor during mass[274].  The Chronicon Francisci records the death of "Henricus Imperator Romanorum" by poison in 1313 and his burial "in Pisa civitate"[275]

[Betrothed (contract Oct 1287) to PHILIPPA de Luxembourg, daughter of WALERAN [I] de Luxembourg Seigneur de Ligny & his wife Jeanne de Beauvoir Dame de Beauvoir (-after Oct 1287).  The contract of marriage between "Henry comte de Valence...Henry fils dudit comte de Valence" and “Waleran de Luxembourg seigneur de Ligny...Philippe fille dudit Waleran” is dated Oct 1287, under which “Henry comte de Valence donne à sondit filz le chasteau de Valence et le conté et le chasteau de Luxembourg, reservé le chasteau de Landesbourg[276].  Philippa´s future husband has not been identified beyond doubt.  The reference to Luxembourg suggests that he may have been the future Henri VII Comte de Luxembourg.  If that is correct, “Valence” may represent “Valenciennes”, an area with which the Luxembourg family had connections at the time.  No reference has been found to a Papal dispensation for such a marriage, necessary because of the close family relationship between the parties.] 

m (Tervueren 9 Jun 1292) MARGUERITE de Brabant, daughter of JEAN I Duke of Brabant & his second wife Marguerite de Flandre (4 Oct 1276-Genoa 14 Dec 1311, bur Pisa Cathedral).  The Genealogia Ducum Brabantiæ Ampliata names (in order) "Mariam comitissam Sabaudie et Montium, et Margaretam [uxor] Henricus comes de Lusseleborch" as the two daughters of "Iohannes dux Lothoringie et Brabantie" & his second wife[277].  The Gesta Baldewini de Luczenburch names "Domina Margareta sorore Iohannis Ducis Brabantiæ" as wife of "Henricum Comitum Luczelinburgensem…Romanorum Regem"[278].  This marriage was arranged to settle the long-standing dispute with the Duke of Brabant over the duchy of Limburg, her husband abandoning his claim to Limburg at the same time[279].  The Gesta Baldewini de Luczenburch records the death in Dec 1311 of "Domina Margareta Regina"[280].  She died of plague[281]

Betrothed (1313) to [KATHARINA] von Habsburg, daughter of ALBRECHT I King of Germany, Duke of Austria & his wife Elisabeth von Görz-Tirol (Oct 1295-Naples 18 Jan 1323, bur Naples San Lorenzo Maggiore).  The Chronicon Elwacense records the betrothal of "soror ducum Austriæ" and "imperatori Hainrico", specifying that the marriage did not take place because of the Emperor's death[282].  It is not known to which sister of Duke Friedrich this refers.  However, his older sister Agnes was probably too old and may have been too actively involved in the government of Austria to have been allowed to leave in order to marry.  His youngest sister Jutta was probably too young.  This leaves Katharina as the most likely candidate, immediately after the termination of her betrothal to the Lord of Piemonte. 

Emperor Heinrich & his wife had three children: 

1.         JEAN de Luxembourg (Château de Luxembourg 10 Aug 1296-killed in battle Crécy 26 Aug 1346, bur Abbaye de Valloire, transferred to Münster Abbey, transferred 25 Aug 1946 to Luxembourg, Cathédrale de Notre-Dame).  The Chronicon Francisci names "Iohannes, Henrici Imperatoris filius" when recording his marriage[283].  He was elected JAN King of Bohemia at Speyer 30 Aug 1310, crowned 7 Feb 1311.  He succeeded his father in 1313 as JEAN Comte de Luxembourg, but confided the government of the county to his uncle Baudouin Archbishop of Trier[284]

-        see below

2.         MARIE de Luxembourg (1305-Issoudun, Indre Mar 1324, bur Montargis, Loiret, église des religieuses de Saint-Dominique).  The Chronica Pragensis (Chronicon Francisci) names "Maria" as older sister of "Regem Boemiæ"[285].  The Chronica de Gestis Principum of the monks of Fürstenfeld records the election of Henri de Luxembourg as Heinrich IX King of Germany (dated to 27 Nov 1308) followed by the betrothal of "Rudolfus dux Bawarie…filium suum" to "filie eius"[286]The Continuatio of the Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis records the marriage "in festo beati Matthæi apostoli in primo castro regie" in 1322 of "rex" and "Mariam filiam Henrici quondam imperatoris et quondam comitis de Lucemburg"[287].  The Flores historiarum of Bernard Guidonis records the marriage "circa festum sancti Mathæi apostoli" in Sep 1322 of "Karolus...filius quondam tertiogenitus Philippi regis" and "Mariam filiam quondam Henrici de Lucemborc imperatoris Romanorum, germanamque regis Boemiæ"[288]The Chronica Pragensis (Chronicon Francisci) records the marriage "IV Id Apr" in 1322 of "Maria…Boemiæ Regis germana" and "Karulo Regi Franciæ"[289].  She was consecrated Queen of France at Paris Sainte-Chapelle 15 May 1323.  The Chronica Pragensis (Chronicon Francisci) records the death in 1324 of "Maria Regina Franciæ" in childbirth and her burial "ad sanctum Dionisium"[290]The Continuatio of the Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis records the death in 1324 of "uxore regis Franciæ sorore regis Boemiæ"[291]She died in childbirth after falling out of the bottom of the coach which was driving her and her husband to a meeting with the Pope in Avignon[292]The Flores historiarum of Bernard Guidonis records the death "apud Exaudunum castrum" of "[reginam] Mariam" and her burial "in monasterium sororum de Monte Argivo" in Mar 1323 (O.S.)[293]Betrothed (27 Nov 1308) to LUDWIG von Bayern, son of RUDOLF I joint Duke of Upper Bavaria and joint Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his wife Mechtild von Nassau (1297-before 5 Apr 1311, bur Fürstenfeld)m (Provins, Seine-et-Marne 21 Sep 1322) as his second wife, CHARLES IV King of France, son of PHILIPPE IV King of France & his wife Juana I Queen of Navarre (Creil, Oise 18 Jun 1294-Château du Bois de Vincennes 1 Feb 1328, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).   

3.         BEATRIX de Luxembourg (1305-Timişoara, Romania Nov 1319, bur Varazdin Cathedral, Croatia).  The Chronica Pragensis (Chronicon Francisci) records the second marriage in 1318 of "Karulus, filius Karuli Regis Siciliæ, factus Rex Ungariæ" and "Regem Boemiæ…unam de sororibus…Beatrix"[294].  The Chronica Ungarorum records that "Karoli" married secondly in 1317 "Beatricem filiam regis Romanorum, sororem regis Bohemorum de terra Lucelburgensi", adding that she died within one year and was buried "Waradini"[295].  The Chronica Pragensis (Chronicon Francisci) records the death in 1319 of "Beatrix Regina Ungariæ"[296].  She died after childbirth.  m ([24 Jun/Sep] 1318) as his second wife, KÁROLY I King of Hungary, son of CHARLES MARTEL of Sicily, Principe di Salerno, KÁROLY I titular King of Hungary & his wife Klementia von Habsburg (1288-Visegrad 16 Jul or 15 Aug 1342, bur Székesfehérvár).

 

 

JEAN de Luxembourg, son of HENRI VII Comte de Luxembourg [later Emperor HEINRICH, King of Germany] & his wife Marguerite de Brabant (Château de Luxembourg 10 Aug 1296-killed in battle Crécy 26 Aug 1346, bur Abbaye de Valloire, transferred to Münster Abbey, transferred 25 Aug 1946 to Luxembourg, Cathédrale de Notre-Dame).  The Chronicon Francisci names "Iohannes, Henrici Imperatoris filius" when recording his marriage[297].  He was elected JAN King of Bohemia at Speyer 30 Aug 1310, crowned 7 Feb 1311.  He succeeded his father in 1313 as JEAN Comte de Luxembourg, but confided the government of the county to his uncle Baudouin Archbishop of Trier[298].  The Chronicon Bohemicum Anonymi records the death "in Anglia…in vigilia sancti Rufi" in 1346 of "Rex Iohannes"[299]

m firstly (Speyer 30 Aug 1310) ELISKA [Elisabeth] of Bohemia, daughter of WENZEL II King of Bohemia & his first wife Guta of Austria [Habsburg] (Prague 20 Jan 1292-Wyšehrad 28 Sep 1330, bur Königsaal).  The Chronicon Francisci records the marriage in 1310 of "Elizabeth filiam Regis Boemiæ" and "Iohannes, Henrici Imperatoris filius", adding that he was installed as king of Bohemia[300].  The Gesta Baldewini de Luczenburch records the marriage of "Rex Bohemiæ Wenczeslaus…filia Elizabeth" and "Henrici Regis…Iohannem filium"[301].  The Chronica Pragensis (Chronicon Francisci) records the marriage in 1310 "in Spiram" of "Rex Romanorum…filio suo primogenito" and "Elizabeth"[302].  This marriage was arranged by Jean's father as a means of accumulating power within the kingdom of Germany after his election to the German throne[303]

m secondly (contract Bois-de-Vincennes Dec 1334, dispensation 3o Avignon 9 Jan 1335) as her first husband, BEATRICE de Bourbon, daughter of LOUIS de Clermont Comte de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis ([1320]-Danvillers 15 Dec 1383, bur Paris église des Jacobins).  She married secondly ([1347]) Eudes [VI] Sire de Grancey et de Pierrepont (-27 Jul 1389). 

King Jan & his first wife had seven children:

1.         other children: see BOHEMIA

2.         WENZEL of Bohemia (Prague 14 May 1316-Prague 29 Nov 1378, bur Prague Cathedral St Veit).  He adopted the name KARL at his confirmation in Paris in 1323[304].  Elected KARL IV King of Germany in 1346.  He succeeded his father in 1346 as KARL King of Bohemia, and as CHARLES Comte de Luxembourg despite his father having bequeathed the county to his younger half-brother Wenzel, in whose favour he resigned it in 1353[305].    Crowned Emperor KARL IV at Rome 5 Apr 1355. 

a)         WENZEL of Bohemia (Nürnberg 26 Feb 1361-Schloß Konratitz 16 Aug 1419, bur Prague Cathedral St Veit).  The Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon records the birth "in civitate Nuremberga" in 1361 of "filius Wenceslaus" to "Domina Anna Imperatrice" and his baptism "in crastino beati Mathiæ Apostoli"[306].  Crowned as WENZEL IV King of Bohemia 15 Jun 1363, during the lifetime of his father.  He succeeded in 1373 as WENZEL II Elector of Brandenburg, until 1378.  Elected WENZEL King of Germany at Frankfurt-am-Main 10 Jun 1376, crowned at Aachen 21 Jul 1376.  He succeeded his uncle in 1383 as WENZEL II Duc de Luxembourg et Comte de Chiny.  He appointed his brother Johann as lieutenant governor of Luxembourg and Chiny in 1386, and mortgaged Luxembourg to his cousin Jobst Markgraf of Moravia in 1388, the mortgage being transferred in 1402 to Louis Duc d'Orléans and in 1409 to his niece Elisabeth Hgn von Görlitz on her marriage to Antoine Duke of Brabant[307].  Deposed as King of Germany at Bacharach 24 Mar 1400.  A well-known drunkard, he died of an apoplectic fit[308]

b)         SIGMUND of Bohemia (Prague 15 Feb 1368-Znaim/Znojmo 9 Dec 1437, bur Cathedral of Grosswardein/Szarvas, Hungary).  The Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon records the birth 15 Feb 1368 of "Domino Imperatori…ex Domina Elizabeth Imperatrice sua coniuge, filius tertius in ordine…Zigismundus"[309].  He succeeded in 1378 as SIGMUND Markgraf von Brandenburg until 1395, when he was obliged to pawn the territory to his cousin Jobst, and again after the death of Jobst in 1411 until 1415.  He was elected ZSIGMOND King of Hungary in 1386.  He succeeded his younger brother Johann in 1396 in Neumark und Lausitz, territories which he sold to the Knights of the Teutonic Order in 1402[310].  Elected SIGMUND King of Germany at Frankfurt-am-Main 14 Sep 1410, supported by Brandenburg, Trier and Palatinate, in opposition to his cousin Jobst[311].  Following the death of Jobst in early 1411, Sigmund's election was confirmed 21 Jul 1411.  He was crowned at Aachen 8 Nov 1414.  Elected ZIKMUND King of Bohemia at Hradschin 28 Jul 1410, crowned at Prague 27 Jul 1420 after the death of his older half-brother King Wenzel IV.  He disputed the possession of Luxembourg by his niece Elisabeth Herzogin von Görlitz and her husband Antoine Duke of Brabant in 1412, and appointed Huart d'Autel as his lieutenant governor[312], when he also succeeded as SIGISMOND Duc de Luxembourg.  Crowned King of Italy at Milan 25 Nov 1431.  Crowned Emperor SIGMUND at Rome 31 May 1433.  He designated his son-in-law as his successor in both Hungary and Bohemia. 

c)         JOHANN of Bohemia (Prague 22 Jun 1370-Kloster Neuzelle 1 Mar 1396, bur Prague Cathedral St Veit).  The Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon records the birth 22 Jun 1370 "in castro Pragensi" of "filius Domino…Imperatori ex coniuge sua Domina Elizabeth…Iohannes"[313].  Herzog von Görlitz.  He succeeded his brother in 1378 as JOHANN Markgraf of Brandenburg, in der Neumark und Lausitz.  His brother Wenzel appointed him lieutenant governor in Luxembourg and Chiny in 1386[314].  The Catalogus abbatum Sanganensium records that "Sigismundo filio Karoli imperatoris…hujus frater Johannes dux Gorliczensis" died "in monasterio Celle nove" and was buried "ad Pragam…in sepulcris majorum suorum"[315]m (Prague 10 Feb 1388) RICHARDIS von Mecklenburg, daughter of ALBRECHT III Herzog von Mecklenburg ex-King of Sweden & his first wife Richardis von Schwerin (-after 15 Mar 1400). 

i)          ELISABETH de Luxembourg (Horsewitz Nov 1390-Trier 3 Aug 1451, bur Trier Minoritenkirche).  Herzogin von Görlitz.  In 1409, her uncle Wenzel transferred to her the mortgage over the duchy of Luxembourg and county of Chiny, and gave her the right to the title, on the occasion of her first marriage[316].  The representatives of Luxembourg, except the nobility, acknowledged them as their "mortgage rulers/souverains engagistes" at Arlon 15 Dec 1410[317].  She and her husband took possession of Luxembourg in 1412 and she succeeded as ELISABETH Dss de Luxembourg, Ctss de Chiny.  Her uncle King Sigmund forbade Luxembourg from paying homage to her and her husband, but he was forced to confirm her position after his own succession in Luxembourg in 1419 after his brother Wenzel died, when he was unable to redeem the pledge[318].  She sold her rights as engagiste to Philippe Duke of Burgundy in 1441[319]m firstly (contract 27 Apr 1409, Brussels 16 Jul 1409) ANTOINE de Bourgogne Duke of Brabant and Limburg, son of PHILIPPE II "le Hardi" Duke of Burgundy & his wife Marguerite II Ctss of Flanders (Aug 1384-killed in battle Agincourt 25 Oct 1415, bur Tervueren St Jan).  m secondly (dispensation 6 May 1418, Jun 1418) JOHANN III Duke of Bavaria-Straubing, JAN III Count of Holland and Zeeland, JEAN Comte de Hainaut, son of ALBRECHT Duke of Bavaria-Straubing [ALBERT Comte de Hainaut, Count of Holland] & his first wife Margareta von Brieg [Piast] (1376-6 Jan 1425, bur The Hague St Vincenz). 

3.         JOHANN HEINRICH of Bohemia (Melnik 12 Feb 1322-12 Nov 1375, bur Brno Kloster St Thomas).  Markgraf of Moravia 1349. 

a)         JODOK [Jobst] (1354-Spielberg near Brno 18 Jan 1411, bur Brno St Thomas).  He succeeded his father in 1375 as Markgraf of Moravia.  He succeeded in 1388 as JOBST Markgraf von Brandenburg.  His cousin Wenzel mortgaged Luxembourg to Jobst in 1388, the mortgage being transferred in 1402 to Louis Duc d'Orléans and in 1409 to his Wenzel's Elisabeth Hgn von Görlitz[320].  Regent of Bohemia 1394.  He was elected JOBST King of Germany in 1410, supported by Mainz, Köln, Saxony and Bohemia, in opposition to his cousin Sigmund[321].   

King Jan & his second wife had one child: 

4.         WENZEL de Luxembourg (Prague 25 Feb 1337-Bock castle, Luxembourg 8 Dec 1383).  The Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon names "Wenceslao filio Regis Boemiæ ultimo genito"[322].  He succeeded in 1353 as WENZEL I Comte de Luxembourg, after his half-brother King Karl resigned the county in his favour.  He became Duke of Luxembourg when the county was elevated into a duchy by his brother at Metz 13 Mar 1354[323].  He succeeded in 1355 as Duke of Brabant and Limburg, and Markgraaf van Antwerpen, by right of his wife, after which he established his court in Brussels[324].  He purchased the county of Chiny in 1364 for 16,000 gold gulden, and was named Governor of Alsace by his half-brother Emperor Karl IV[325].  After initiating negotiations with his brother concerning the latter's eventual inheritance of the childless Wenzel's properties, Louis Count of Flanders occupied Mechelen and Duke Wenzel was forced to flee to Limburg.  The dispute was settled by the peace of Ath under which Mechelen and Antwerp were transferred to Flanders, and Count Louis was granted the right to bear the title Duke of Brabant[326].  Duke Wenzel attacked Jülich, accusing it of giving protection to robber gangs, but Wenzel was captured at Bauweiler and imprisoned for one year until ransomed[327].  He died of leprosy[328][329]Betrothed (13 Dec 1337, contract broken 3 Jul 1346) to MARGUERITE de Lorraine, daughter of FERRY IV Duke of Lorraine & his wife Elisabeth von Habsburg (-after 9 Aug 1376).  m (contract Damvillers 17 May 1351, dispensation 3o Avignon 8 Aug 1351, Mar 1352) as her second husband, JEANNE de Brabant, daughter of JEAN III Duke of Brabant & his wife Marie d'Evreux (24 Jun 1322-Brussels 1 Dec 1406, bur Brussels Carmelite Church).  She succeeded her father in 1355 as JEANNE Duchess of Brabant and Limburg.  Duke Wenzel had four illegitimate children by an unknown mistress: 

a)         GILLES bâtard de Luxembourg .  1374/1404.  Seigneur de la Tour-devant-Virton et de Saulmoury, in right of his wife.  Governor of Aspremont.  m ([1374/76]) as her second husband, CLEMENCE de Luxembourg, widow of JOSSE d'Aspremont Seigneur de Saulmoury et de la Tour-devant-Virton, daughter of RAOUL bâtard de Luxembourg & his wife Sophie du Chasteler.  She married thirdly Huet de Jametz.  Gilles & his wife had four children: 

i)          MARGUERITE de Latour (-before 19 Dec 1424)m ([21 Sep 1396]) ROBERT Seigneur de Watrouville, son of --- (-before 19 Dec 1424). 

ii)         RAOUL de Latour .  1402/24.

iii)        WENCELIN de Latour (-before 19 Dec 1444).  Seigneur de la Tour-devant-Virton et de Conflans.  Adviser to the Dukedom of Bar 1418.  Bailli de Saint-Mihiel 1419.  French councillor.  Bailli de Vitry.  m (shortly after 3 Sep 1408) CATHERINE de Lénoncourt, daughter of JEAN de Lénoncourt & his wife Lise ---.  Wencelin & his wife had one child:  

(a)        CATHERINE de Latour .  1432/61.  Heiress of la Tour-devant-Virton.  m (before 1432) HEINRICH Bayer von Boppard Seigneur de Château-Brehain [Bruch-Kastel], son of --- (-[10 Jun 1458/20 Jun 1462]).  Seigneur de la Tour-devant-Virton. 

iv)        HENRI de Latour .  1409/57.  m JEANNE de Lénoncourt, daughter of ---.   

b)         GUILLAUME bâtard de Luxembourg .  Bailli de Hannut 1405.  

c)          JEAN bâtard de Luxembourg .  1395/1405.  m (before 7 Mar 1405) MARIE Mennens, daughter of ---.  

d)         CHARLES bâtard de Luxembourgm (after 1411) JOHANNA van der Spout, daughter of BERNARDUS van der Spout & his wife Margareta van der Hulpen bâtarde de Brabant.  1383/1411. 

 

 



[1] Beyer, H. (ed.) (1860) Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte der, jetzt die Preussischen Regierungsbezirke Coblenz und Trier bildenden Mittelrheinischen Territorien (Coblenz), Vol. I, (“Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I”), 211, p. 271.  Gade, J. A. (1951) Luxemburg in the Middle Ages (Leiden), p. 50, reproduces a photographic copy of the original charter. 

[2] Murray, A. V. (2000) The Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: a dynastic history 1099-1125 (Prosopographica & Genealogica), pp. 23-5. 

[3] Gade (1951), p. 103. 

[4] Gade (1951), p. 115. 

[5] Gade (1951), p. 220. 

[6] Gade (1951), p. 216 footnote 1. 

[7] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 905, MGH SS XXIII, p. 753. 

[8] Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ I and III, MGH SS XV.2, pp. 978 and 979. 

[9] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 303, p. 355. 

[10] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 309, p. 363. 

[11] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 308, III, p. 362. 

[12] Miraeus (Le Mire), A. (1723) Opera diplomatica et historica, 2nd edn. (Louvain), Tome II, II, p. 805. 

[13] Vita Iohannes Gorziensis 105, MGH SS IV, p. 367. 

[14] Tabula Genealogica ex Codice Bibl. Regiæ Monacensis, MGH SS II, p. 314. 

[15] Havet, J. (ed.) (1889) Lettres de Gerbert 983-997 (Paris) (“Gerbert”), 52, p. 48, and Epistola XXXV, RHGF IX, p. 283. 

[16] Gerbert, 52, p. 48, and Epistola XXXV, RHGF IX, p. 283. 

[17] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 179, p. 241. 

[18] Gade (1951), p. 49. 

[19] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 211, p. 271. 

[20] Gade (1951), p. 50. 

[21] D O I 427, p. 580. 

[22] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 255, p. 311. 

[23] Guadet, J. (ed.) (1845) Richeri Historiarum (Paris) ("Richer") III.CIII, p. 126. 

[24] Gade (1951), p. 51. 

[25] Vitæ Heinrici et Cunegundis Imperatores Preface, MGH SS IV, p. 791. 

[26] Necrologium Genealogicum Ranshofense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 424. 

[27] 'Obits mémorables tirés de nécrologes luxembourgeois, rémois et messins', Revue Mabillon VI (1910-1911), p. 269. 

[28] France, J., Bulst, N. and Reynolds, P. (eds. and trans.) (1989) Rodulfi Glabri, Historiarum Libri Quinque, Rodulfus Glaber Opera (Oxford) ("Rodulfi Glabri, Historiarum"), III.1, p. 95, and MGH SS VII, p. 62. 

[29] MGH SS VII, p. 62, footnote 29. 

[30] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 220, p. 278. 

[31] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 268, p. 324. 

[32] Vitæ Heinrici et Cunegundis Imperatores Preface, MGH SS IV, p. 791. 

[33] Necrologium Genealogicum Ranshofense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 424. 

[34] Gerbert, 51, p. 48. 

[35] Gerbert, 41, p. 40. 

[36] Gerbert, p. 40 footnote 1, referring to letter 51, p. 48. 

[37] MGH LL Const, Tome I, Indiculus loricatorum Ottoni II in Italiam mittendorum, 436, p. 632. 

[38] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 220, p. 278. 

[39] Annalista Saxo 1002. 

[40] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1008, MHG SS V, p. 119. 

[41] Gade (1951), p. 53. 

[42] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 269, p. 325. 

[43] Warner, D. A. (trans.) The Chronicon of Thietmar of Merseburg (2001) (Manchester University Press), 8.18, p. 374. 

[44] Mommsen, T. E. and Morrison, K. F. (trans.) (1962) Imperial Lives and Letters of the Eleventh Century (New York), "Wipo, On the election and consecration of Conrad II (1024)", from "The Deeds of Conrad II (Gesta Chuonradi II imperatoris)", reproduced in Hill, B. H. (1972) Medieval Monarchy in Action: The German Empire from Henry I to Henry IV (London), pp. 192-201. 

[45] Historia Episcoporum Pataviensium et Ducum Bavariæ 1026, MGH SS XXV, p. 627. 

[46] Necrologium Genealogicum Ranshofense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 424. 

[47] Thietmar 6.19, p. 250. 

[48] Annales Egmundani 980, MGH SS XVI, p. 444. 

[49] Necrologium Genealogicum Ranshofense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 424. 

[50] Bruch, H. (ed.) (1973) Chronologia Johannes de Beke (The Hague), 38b, p. 73, available at < http://www.inghist.nl/Onderzoek/Projecten /KroniekVanJohannesDeBekeTot1430/latijn> (31 Aug 2006). 

[51] Beka's Egmondsch Necrologium, in Oppermann, O. (1933) Fontes Egmundenses (Utrecht), p. 106. 

[52] Vitæ Heinrici et Cunegundis Imperatores Preface, MGH SS IV, p. 791. 

[53] Necrologium Genealogicum Ranshofense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 424. 

[54] Vitæ Heinrici et Cunegundis Imperatores Preface, MGH SS IV, p. 791. 

[55] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 257, p. 314. 

[56] Necrologium Genealogicum Ranshofense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 424. 

[57] Vita Sanctæ Cunegundis I, MGH SS IV, p. 821, addition quoted in footnote v. 

[58] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 273, p. 328. 

[59] Annalista Saxo 1002. 

[60] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1008, MHG SS V, p. 119. 

[61] Mommsen, T. E. and Morrison, K. F. (trans.) (1962) Imperial Lives and Letters of the Eleventh Century (New York), "Wipo, On the election and consecration of Conrad II (1024)", from "The Deeds of Conrad II (Gesta Chuonradi II imperatoris)", reproduced in Hill, pp. 192-201.  . 

[62] Necrologium Genealogicum Ranshofense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 424. 

[63] Sigeberti Chronica 1046, MGH SS VI, p. 358. 

[64] Vitæ Heinrici et Cunegundis Imperatores Preface, MGH SS IV, p. 791. 

[65] Annalista Saxo 1002. 

[66] France, J., Bulst, N. and Reynolds, P. (eds. and trans.) (1989) Rodulfi Glabri, Historiarum Libri Quinque, Rodulfus Glaber Opera (Oxford) ("Rodulfi Glabri, Historiarum"), III.1, p. 95, and MGH SS VII, p. 62.  . 

[67] Thietmar 5.19, p. 218. 

[68] Annales Herbipolenses minores 1038, MGH SS XXIV, p. 828. 

[69] Necrologium Monasterii S Emmerammi Ratisbonensis, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 301. 

[70] Attwater, D. (1970) The Penguin Dictionary of Saints (Penguin Books), p. 167. 

[71] Thietmar 6.8, p. 242. 

[72] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 273, p. 328. 

[73] Althoff, G. (ed.) (1983) Die Totenbücher von Merseburg, Magdeburg und Lüneburg (Hannover), Merseburg. 

[74] Necrologium Genealogicum Ranshofense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 424. 

[75] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1008, MHG SS V, p. 119. 

[76] Thietmar 6.35, p. 261. 

[77] Vita Meinwerci Episcopi Paderbornensis 142, MGH SS XI, p. 135. 

[78] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 308, I, p. 360. 

[79] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 308, III, p. 362. 

[80] Hoffman, G. (ed.) (1731) Nova scriptorum ac monumentorum collectio, Tome I, Sam. Guichenoni Bibliothecam Sebusianam et Paridis de Crassis diarium cur. rom (Leipzig) ("Bibliotheca Sebusiana"), Centuria I, LXXV, p. 138. 

[81] Thietmar 7.62, p. 352. 

[82] D H III 55, p. 72. 

[83] Necrologium Genealogicum Ranshofense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 424. 

[84] D H II 346, p. 440. 

[85] Necrologium Trunckirchense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 426. 

[86] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 273, p. 328. 

[87] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1008, MHG SS V, p. 119. 

[88] Annales Quedlinburgenses 1019, MGH SS III, p. 84. 

[89] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 

[90] Genealogia Welforum 7, MGH SS XIII, p. 734, footnote 20 interpreting the first place as "Möhring" near Friedberg in Bavaria. 

[91] Bernoldi Chronicon, 1059, MGH SS V, p. 427. 

[92] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1024, MGH SS XXIII, p. 782. 

[93] Genealogia Welforum 7, MGH SS XIII, p. 734, footnote 20 interpreting the first place as "Möhring" near Friedberg in Bavaria. 

[94] Jordan, K., trans. Falla, P. S. (1986) Henry the Lion: a Biography (Clarendon Press, Oxford), pp. 3-4. 

[95] Württembergisches Urkundenbuch, Band IV, Anhang, Zwei Weingartner Codices, II, B, p. XLIX. 

[96] Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana MGH SS IX, p. 306. 

[97] Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana MGH SS IX, p. 318. 

[98] Annales Blandinienses 1030, MGH SS V, p. 26. 

[99] MGH Poetæ Latini medii ævi, V.1, Die Ottonenzeit, Grabschriften, p. 299. 

[100] Du Chesne, A. (1631) Histoire généalogique de la maison royale de Dreux (Paris), Luxembourg, Preuves, p. 17. 

[101] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 

[102] Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana MGH SS IX, p. 318. 

[103] Necrologium Genealogicum Ranshofense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 424. 

[104] Gade (1951), p. 54. 

[105] Wirtembergisches Urkundenbuch, Band I (Stuttgart, 1849) ("Württembergisches Urkundenbuch"), CCXXVI, p. 268. 

[106] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses 957, MGH SS XIII, p. 198. 

[107] Historia Episcoporum Pataviensium et Ducum Bavariæ 1048, MGH SS XXV, p. 627. 

[108] Necrologium Genealogicum Ranshofense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 424. 

[109] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 

[110] Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana MGH SS IX, p. 318. 

[111] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 308, p. 360. 

[112] Ekkehardi Chronicon Wirziburgense, 17, MGH SS VI, p. 31. 

[113] Bernoldi Chronicon, 1059, MGH SS V, p. 427. 

[114] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 

[115] Chronicon Sancti Huberti Andaginensis 17 (24), MHG SS VIII, p. 577.  Although this passage is not dated, the editor has placed "c 1066" in the margin. 

[116] Genealogia ex stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 7, MGH SS XXV, p. 384. 

[117] Ernst, S. P. (1847) Histoire de Limbourg, Tome VI (Liège), XXI, p. 106. 

[118] Ernst, S. P. (1838) Histoire de Limbourg, Tome II (Liège), p. 37, quoting Bertholet, J. (1743) Histoire de Luxembourg, t. III, pr., p. 29. 

[119] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1064, MGH SS XXIII, p. 794. 

[120] Ernst (1838), Tome II, pp. 38-41. 

[121] Ernst (1838), Tome II, p. 40, footnote 2. 

[122] Annalista Saxo 1036. 

[123] Ernst, S. P. (1839) Histoire de Limbourg, Tome III (Liège), pp. 18-19, citing Miræus, A. Opera diplomatica, tome IV, p. 197, and Bondam, P. (1783) Charterboek der Hertogen van Gelre, tome I, section II, num. 24, p. 177 (both sources in Google Book "No preview available" [10 Nov 2008]). 

[124] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 

[125] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1064, MGH SS XXIII, p. 794. 

[126] Du Chesne (1631) Dreux, Luxembourg, Preuves, p. 18. 

[127] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 

[128] Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana MGH SS IX, p. 318. 

[129] Gestorum Abbatem Trudonensium Continuatio Tertia 1048, MGH SS X, p. 384. 

[130] Gestorum Abbatem Trudonensium Continuatio Tertia 1060 and 1063, MGH SS X, p. 385. 

[131] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 308, p. 360. 

[132] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 306, p. 358. 

[133] Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana MGH SS IX, p. 318. 

[134] Gade (1951), p. 55. 

[135] Gade (1951), pp. 54-5. 

[136] Gade (1951), p. 55. 

[137] Mariani Scotti Chronicon, 1103/1081, MGH SS V, p. 562. 

[138] Gade (1951), p. 55. 

[139] Bernoldi Chronicon 1086, MGH SS V, p. 445. 

[140] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1024, MGH SS XXIII, p. 782. 

[141] ES I.2 229. 

[142] Richard, J. (ed.) (1957) Le cartulaire de Marcigny-sur-Loire 1045-1144 (Dijon) 30bis, p. 26. 

[143] Fabri, A. ´La comtesse Reine, fondatrice du prieuré d´Aywaille´, Bulletin de la Commission Royale d´Histoire, Tome LXXXI (Brussels, 1912), p. 8. 

[144] Württembergisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, CCXXVI, p. 268. 

[145] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 308, p. 360. 

[146] Württembergisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, CCXXVI, p. 268. 

[147] Du Chesne (1631) Dreux, Luxembourg, Preuves, p. 25. 

[148] Lokeren, A. van (1868) Chartes et documents de l´abbaye de Saint Pierre au Mont Blandin à Gand (Gand) ("Gand Saint-Pierre") 132, p. 94. 

[149] Gand Saint-Pierre, 134, p. 96. 

[150] MGH Poetæ Latini medii ævi, V.1, Die Ottonenzeit, Grabschriften, p. 299, footnote 36 stating she was "Schwester der Odgiva, vgl. de Budt S. 274". 

[151] Fundatio Ecclesiæ Sancti Georgii Lunarensis, MGH SS XV.2, p. 982. 

[152] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1024, MGH SS XXIII, p. 782. 

[153] Gade (1951), pp. 55-6. 

[154] Miraeus (Le Mire), A. (1723) Opera diplomatica et historica, 2nd edn. (Louvain), Tome I, Diplomata Belgica, Liber II, XXXV, p. 269. 

[155] Gade (1951), pp. 57. 

[156] Gade (1951), pp. 56-7. 

[157] Bernoldi Chronicon 1086, MGH SS V, p. 445. 

[158] Berthelot, J. (1742) Histoire ecclésiastique et civile du duché de Luxembourg (Luxembourg), Tome III, p. 283. 

[159] Richard, J. (ed.) (1957) Le cartulaire de Marcigny-sur-Loire 1045-1144 (Dijon) 30bis, p. 26. 

[160] Fabri ´La comtesse Reine´, p. 8. 

[161] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[162] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[163] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium 2, MGH SS X, p. 492. 

[164] Szabolcs de Vajay 'Parlons encore d'Etiennette', Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. and Settipani, C. (eds.) (2000) Onomastique et Parenté dans l'Occident medieval (Oxford), p. 4. 

[165] Miraeus (1723), Tome I, Diplomata Belgica, Liber II, XXXV, p. 269. 

[166] Vanderkindere, A. (1902) La formation territoriale des principautés belges au moyen-âge (Brussels), Vol. II, p. 357, quoting Bertholot, III, pr. XXXV. 

[167] Berthelot (1742), Tome III, p. 283. 

[168] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 465a, p. 524. 

[169] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 465b, p. 524. 

[170] Szabolcs de Vajay 'Contribution à l'histoire de l'attitude des royaumes pirénéens dans la querelle des investitures: de l'origine de Berthe, reine d'Aragon et de Navarre', Estudios Genealógicos, Heráldicos y Nobiliarios, en honor de Vicente de Cadenas y Vicent (Hidalguía, Madrid, 1978), Vol. 2, p. 386 footnote 40. 

[171] Wyss, A. (ed.) (1899) Hessisches Urkundenbuch, Abtheilung I, Band III (Leipzig), Abhandlung über die Schiffenberger Stiftungsurkunden und Fälschungen, pp. 411-98. 

[172] Heinemann, O. van (ed.) (1867) Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus (Dessau), Teil I, 285, p. 211. 

[173] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[174] Vanderkindere II, p. 357, quoting Bertholot, III, pr. XXXV. 

[175] Berthelot (1742), Tome III, p. 283. 

[176] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 550. 

[177] Gade (1951), p. 58. 

[178] Gade (1951), p. 56. 

[179] Berthelot (1742), Tome III, p. 283. 

[180] Vanderkindere II, p. 357, quoting Bertholot, III, pr. XXXV. 

[181] Berthelot (1742), Tome III, p. 283. 

[182] Berthelot (1742), Tome III, p. 283. 

[183] RHC, Historiens occidentaux, Tome IV (Paris, 1879), Alberti Aquensis Historia Hierosolymitana ("Albert of Aix (RHC)"), Liber III, Cap. XLVI, p. 370. 

[184] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[185] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 465a, p. 524. 

[186] Das Nekrolog des Klosters S Vanne, Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, 14th year 1902 ("Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne (1902)"), LXXVI, p. 98. 

[187] Foppens, J. F. (1748) Diplomatum Belgicorum nova collectio, sive supplementum ad opera diplomatica Auberti Miræi (Brussels), Tome IV, Pars III, XXV, p. 363. 

[188] Evrard, M. (ed.) ´Documents relatifs à l´abbaye de Flône´, Analectes pour servir à l´histoire ecclésiastique de la Belgique, Tome XXIII (Louvain, 1892) ("Flône"), IX, p. 295. 

[189] Marcigny-sur-Loire 176, p. 105. 

[190] Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne (1902), p. 142. 

[191] Vanderkindere II, p. 357, quoting Bertholot, III, pr. XXXV. 

[192] Gesta Treverorum 24, 1122, MGH SS VIII, p. . 

[193] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[194] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 465a, p. 524. 

[195] Berthelot (1742), Tome III, p. 283. 

[196] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 388, p. 444. 

[197] Poull, G. (1994) La Maison souveraine et ducale de Bar (Nancy), p. 90. 

[198] Gade (1951), p. 59. 

[199] Wyss (1899), Abhandlung über die Schiffenberger Stiftungsurkunden und Fälschungen, p. 411. 

[200] Documenta Monasteriorum Wirtembergico (1720), p. 147. 

[201] Simon, J. (1865) Die Geschichte des reichständischen Hauses Ysenburg und Büdingen, Band III Das Ysenburg und Büdingensche Urkundenbuch (Frankfurt) ("Isenburg Urkundenbuch"), III, p. 4. 

[202] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 465a, p. 524. 

[203] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[204] Annalista Saxo 1103. 

[205] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[206] Lindeborn, J. (1670) Historia sive notitia episcopatus Daventriensis (Metelen), p. 535. 

[207] ES I.2 203. 

[208] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 285, p. 211. 

[209] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 286, p. 211. 

[210] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 19, MGH SS XIII, p. 256. 

[211] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, p. 508. 

[212] ES I.2 203. 

[213] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 285, p. 211. 

[214] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 286, p. 211. 

[215] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, p. 508. 

[216] Gade (1951), pp. 88-9. 

[217] Gade (1951), pp. 87-8. 

[218] Gade (1951), p. 64. 

[219] Gade (1951), p. 65. 

[220] Gade (1951), pp. 66-. 

[221] Gade (1951), p. 69. 

[222] Gade (1951), p. 85. 

[223] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, p. 550. 

[224] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, p. 552. 

[225] Gade (1951), pp. 66 and 68. 

[226] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1193, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 

[227] Gade (1951), p. 74. 

[228] Gade (1951), p. 74. 

[229] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 

[230] Ernst (1847), Tome VI, XCVII, p. 183. 

[231] Ernst (1847), Tome VI, CXXV, p. 200. 

[232] Ernst (1847), Tome VI, CXXV, p. 200. 

[233] Lacomblet, T. J. (ed.) (1846) Urkundenbuch für die Geschichte des Niederrheins, Band II (Düsseldorf) ("Niederrheins Urkundenbuch"), 300, p. 156. 

[234] Gade (1951), p. 97. 

[235] Gade (1951), p. 98. 

[236] Du Chesne (1631) Dreux, Luxembourg, Preuves, p. 84. 

[237] Gade (1951), p. 100. 

[238] Gade (1951), p. 101. 

[239] Ernst (1847), Tome VI, CXLIV, p. 212. 

[240] Gade (1951), p. 96. 

[241] Du Chesne (1631), Luxembourg, Preuves, p. 74. 

[242] Du Chesne (1631), Luxembourg, Preuves, p. 81. 

[243] Gesta Venerabilis Domini Domini Baldewini de Luczenburch Treverensis Archiepiscopi, Liber 1, VI, Stephani Baluzii Miscellaneorum, Liber I, Collectio Veterum, p. 101. 

[244] Gesta Venerabilis Domini Domini Baldewini de Luczenburch Treverensis Archiepiscopi, Liber 1, VI, Stephani Baluzii Miscellaneorum, Liber I, Collectio Veterum, p. 102. 

[245] Du Chesne (1631), Luxembourg, Preuves, p. 84. 

[246] Chronologia Johannes de Beke 78a, p. 255. 

[247] Iohannis de Thilrode Chronicon 19, MGH SS XXV, p. 575. 

[248] Du Chesne (1631), Luxembourg, Preuves, p. 85. 

[249] Gade (1951), p. 106. 

[250] Gade (1951), p. 106. 

[251] Gesta Venerabilis Domini Domini Baldewini de Luczenburch Treverensis Archiepiscopi, Liber 1, VI, Stephani Baluzii Miscellaneorum, Liber I, Collectio Veterum, p. 101. 

[252] Gade (1951), pp. 103-4. 

[253] Gade (1951), pp. 104-5. 

[254] Gade (1951), pp. 105-7. 

[255] Du Chesne (1631), Luxembourg, Preuves, p. 85. 

[256] Du Chesne, A. (1631) Preuves de l´Histoire des maisons de Guines, d´Ardres, Gand et Coucy (Paris) (“Du Chesne (1631), Guines, Preuves”), p. 383. 

[257] Gesta Venerabilis Domini Domini Baldewini de Luczenburch Treverensis Archiepiscopi, Liber 1, VI, Stephani Baluzii Miscellaneorum, Liber I, Collectio Veterum, p. 101. 

[258] Gade (1951), p. 103. 

[259] Gade (1951), p. 110. 

[260] Gesta Venerabilis Domini Domini Baldewini de Luczenburch Treverensis Archiepiscopi, Liber 1, VI, Stephani Baluzii Miscellaneorum, Liber I, Collectio Veterum, p. 103. 

[261] Gesta Venerabilis Domini Domini Baldewini de Luczenburch Treverensis Archiepiscopi, Liber 1, VI, Stephani Baluzii Miscellaneorum, Liber I, Collectio Veterum, p. 103. 

[262] Butkens, C. (1724) Trophées tant sacrés que profanes du duché de Brabant (The Hague), Vol. I, Preuves, p. 223, "Extraict des chartes de Hornes". 

[263] Gesta Venerabilis Domini Domini Baldewini de Luczenburch Treverensis Archiepiscopi, Liber 1, VI, Stephani Baluzii Miscellaneorum, Liber I, Collectio Veterum, p. 101. 

[264] Gade (1951), p. 126. 

[265] Annales Lubicenses 1308, MGH SS XVI, p. 420. 

[266] Leuschner, J. (1980) Germany in the Late Middle Ages (North Holland Publishing Company), p. 103. 

[267] Gade (1951), p. 115. 

[268] Gade (1951), pp. 123-8. 

[269] Gade (1951), p. 129. 

[270] Gade (1951), p. 132. 

[271] Leuschner (1980), pp. 106-7. 

[272] Leuschner (1980), p. 107. 

[273] Gade (1951), p. 133. 

[274] Leuschner (1980), p. 107. 

[275] Pelzel, F. M. and Dobrowsky, J. (eds.) (1784) Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II (Prague), Chronicon Francisci, p. 8. 

[276] Du Chesne (1631), Luxembourg, Preuves, p. 91. 

[277] Genealogia Ducum Brabantiæ Ampliata 14, MGH SS XXV, p. 397. 

[278] Gesta Venerabilis Domini Domini Baldewini de Luczenburch Treverensis Archiepiscopi, Liber 2, I, Stephani Baluzii Miscellaneorum, Liber I, Collectio Veterum, p. 112. 

[279] Gade (1951), p. 110. 

[280] Gesta Venerabilis Domini Domini Baldewini de Luczenburch Treverensis Archiepiscopi, Liber 2, XIII, Stephani Baluzii Miscellaneorum, Liber I, Collectio Veterum, p. 126. 

[281] Gade (1951), p. 133. 

[282] Chronicon Elwacense 1314, MGH SS X, p. 39.  

[283] Chronicon Francisci, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 7. 

[284] Gade (1951), p. 136. 

[285] Chronica Pragensis (Chronicon Francisci), Liber II, Caput IV, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 120. 

[286] Chronica de Gestis Principum, Fontes rerum Germanicarum, Vol. I, p. 30. 

[287] RHGF XX, Continuatio Chronici Guillelmi de Nangiaco, p. 651. 

[288] RHGF XXI, E floribus chronicorum auctore Bernardo Guidonis, p. 732. 

[289] Chronica Pragensis (Chronicon Francisci), Liber II, Caput IX, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 130. 

[290] Chronica Pragensis (Chronicon Francisci), Liber II, Caput XI, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 136. 

[291] RHGF XX, Continuatio Chronici Guillelmi de Nangiaco, p. 656. 

[292] Gade (1951), p. 140. 

[293] RHGF XXI, E floribus chronicorum auctore Bernardo Guidonis, p. 733. 

[294] Chronica Pragensis (Chronicon Francisci), Liber II, Caput IV, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 120. 

[295] Florianus, M. (ed.) (1884) Chronicon Dubnicense, Historiæ Hungaricæ fontes domestici, Pars prima, Scriptores, Vol. III (Leipzig) Chronica Ungarorum, 68, p. 248. 

[296] Chronica Pragensis (Chronicon Francisci), Liber II, Caput VI, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 127. 

[297] Chronicon Francisci, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 7. 

[298] Gade (1951), p. 136. 

[299] Chronicon Bohemicum Anonymi, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 451. 

[300] Chronicon Francisci, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 7. 

[301] Gesta Venerabilis Domini Domini Baldewini de Luczenburch Treverensis Archiepiscopi, Liber 2, V, Stephani Baluzii Miscellaneorum, Liber I, Collectio Veterum, pp. 116-7. 

[302] Chronica Pragensis (Chronicon Francisci), Liber I, Caput XXII, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 79. 

[303] Leuschner (1980), p. 104. 

[304] Leuschner (1980), p. 149. 

[305] Gade (1951), pp. 167 and 171. 

[306] Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon Ecclesiæ Pragensis, Caput XIV, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 372. 

[307] Gade (1951), pp. 194-5. 

[308] Gade (1951), pp. 196-7. 

[309] Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon Ecclesiæ Pragensis, Caput XIV, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 395. 

[310] Grote (1878), p. 224. 

[311] Gade (1951), p. 201. 

[312] Gade (1951), p. 196. 

[313] Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon Ecclesiæ Pragensis, Caput XIV, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 406. 

[314] Gade (1951), p. 195. 

[315] Stenzel, G. A. (ed.) (1835) Scriptores Rerum Silesiacarum, Erster Band (Breslau) ("Silesiacarum Scriptores I"), p. 217. 

[316] Gade (1951), pp. 195 and 209.   

[317] Gade (1951), p. 196. 

[318] Gade (1951), pp. 196 and 205. 

[319] Gade (1951), p. 213. 

[320] Gade (1951), pp. 194-5. 

[321] Gade (1951), p. 201. 

[322] Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon Ecclesiæ Pragensis, Caput XIV, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 332. 

[323] Gade (1951), pp. 171-2. 

[324] Gade (1951), p. 180. 

[325] Gade (1951), p. 180. 

[326] Gade (1951), p. 181. 

[327] Gade (1951), pp. 181-2. 

[328] Gade (1951), p. 185. 

[329] Poull, G. (1991) La Maison ducale de Lorraine (Presses universitaires de Nancy), p. 102.