HESSEN

  v2.0 Updated 16 February 2011

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 1

Chapter 1.            LANDGRAFEN von HESSEN. 2

A.       LANDGRAFEN HERREN von HESSEN.. 2

HEINRICH I 1264-1308. 2

OTTO I 1308-1328, HEINRICH II 1328-1376, LUDWIG II 1336-1345. 5

HERMANN II 1376-1413, LUDWIG III 1413-1458, HEINRICH III 1458-1483, WILHELM III 1489-1500. 8

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The heiress of a large part of Hessen in the early 12th century was Hedwig von Gudensberg (-1148) who married Ludwig I Landgraf of Thuringia (see the document THURINGIA).  Hessen remained in the family of the Landgrafen of Thuringia until the death of Landgraf Ludwig IV " der Heilige" in 1227.  His daughter Sophie, heiress of Hessen, married (as his second wife) Henri II Duke of Brabant.  After the death in 1247 of Heinrich Raspe, last Landgraf of Thuringia and anti-king of Germany, his indirect heirs disputed the succession in the family lands in both Hessen and Thuringia.  The claim of Heinrich, son of Sophie and the duke of Brabant, to the Hessian lands was recognised in 1264.  He was confirmed as Landgrafen in Hessen in 1292. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    LANDGRAFEN von HESSEN

 

 

 

A.      LANDGRAFEN HERREN von HESSEN

 

 

HEINRICH I 1264-1308

 

HENRI de Brabant, son of HENRI II Duke of Brabant & his wife his second wife Sophie von Thüringen Heiress of Hessen (24 Jun 1244-Marburg 21 Dec 1308, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).  Landgraf von Thüringen und Herr von Hessen.  He succeeded in 1264 as HEINRICH I "das Kind" Landgraf Herr von Hessen"…Henricus landgravius dominus Hassie…" as among those who declared war against Sifrid Archbishop of Köln by charter dated 8 Apr 1277[1].  He renounced his rights to Brabant 25 Nov 1279.  Created Fürst by Imperial Order 10 May 1292. 

m firstly (before 26 Mar 1263) ADELHEID von Braunschweig, daughter of OTTO I “dem Kind” Herzog von Braunschweig & his wife his wife Mathilde von Brandenburg [Askanier] (-12 Jun 1274, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Mechtildim…Helenam…Alheidem…Helenam" as the daughters of "Ottonem de Lunenburch" & his wife, specifying that Adelheid married "Henricus dominus Hassie, filius filie beate Elisabet"[2].  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records the betrothal in 1258 of "Heinricus lantgravium Hesse" and "ducem de Brunswig Albertum filiam"[3]

m secondly (before 26 Feb 1276) MECHTILD von Kleve, daughter of DIETRICH [V] Graf von Kleve & his wife Aleidis von Heinsberg [Sponheim] (-21 Dec 1309).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 23 Nov 1286 under which "Theodericus comes Cleven" made commitments to "H. Lantgravio terre Hassie domino et Methildi uxori…sorori nostre" relating to her dowry[4]

Heinrich I & his first wife had seven children: 

1.         SOPHIE (-after 12 Aug 1331)m (before 24 Nov 1276) OTTO Graf von Waldeck (-[11 Nov 1305]).  

2.         HEINRICH (-23 Aug 1298, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).  Mitregent 1284.  m (Donauwörth 15 Jan 1290) as her first husband, AGNES of Bavaria, daughter of LUDWIG II "der Strenge" Duke of Bavaria, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his third wife Mechtild von Habsburg (-22 Jul 1345).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and her marriages has not so far been identified.  She married secondly ([Nov 1298/19 May 1303], Papal dispensation Anagni 19 May 1303) Heinrich I "Ohneland" Markgraf von Brandenburg.  Heinrich & his wife had one child: 

a)         AGNES (-13 Jan 1332, bur Clarenthal)m ([12 Jan/13 May] 1307) GERLACH I Graf von Nassau-Wiesbaden, son of ADOLF Graf von Nassau King of Germany & his wife Imagina von Isenburg-Limburg (-11 Jan 1371, bur Kloster Liebenau).

3.         MECHTILD ([1267]-after 1332).  "Lantgreve Heynrich…Herre ze Hessen" made an alliance with "Greven Godfride Grefen Gotfrides sun fon Zygenhagen", naming "Mechtilt unser tochter sin wirtin", by charter dated 29 Jun 1283[5].  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 28 Sep 1290 under which Heinrich Landgraf von Hessen confirmed donations to Hochstift Würzburg of property of "Conradus de Theke" held from "dem Grafen von Ziegenhain suo sororio ac nostro genero" in case Konrad died without heirs[6]m firstly (before 25 Jun 1283) GOTTFRIED Graf von Ziegenhain, son of GOTTFRIED Graf von Ziegenhain & his wife Hedwig --- (-30 Nov 1304).  m secondly (after 11 Oct 1309) as his third wife, PHILIPP [III] von Falkenstein Herr zu Münzenberg, son of WERNER von Falkenstein Herr zu Münzenberg & his wife Mechtild von Diez (-after 2 Apr 1322). 

4.         ADELHEID ([1268]-7 Dec 1315, bur Vessra)m (1284) as his first wife, BERTHOLD [IV] Graf von Henneberg, son of BERTHOLD [III] Graf von Hennberg & his wife Sophie von Schwarzburg (1271-Schmalkalden 3 Apr 1340).  

5.         ELISABETH "die Ältere" ([1269/70]-19 Feb 1293).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 9 Aug 1289 under which "Johannes comes Seynensis et Elyzabeth uxor nostra" renounced their rights in the inheritance of "patris et domini nostri Lantgravii terre Hassie domini"[7]m (before 23 Aug 1287) JOHANN Graf zu Sayn [Sponheim] (-23 Nov 1324).

6.         son ([1270]-[1274]). 

7.         OTTO ([1272]-17 Jan 1328, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1308 as OTTO I Landgraf Herr von Oberhessen.  Herr von Niederhessen 1311. 

-        see below

Heinrich I & his second wife had seven children:

8.         ELISABETH "die Mittlere" ([1276]-after 6 Jul 1306)m firstly (1290) WILHELM Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Wolfenbüttel, son of ALBRECHT "der Große" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg & his wife his second wife Alessina di Monferrato ([1270]-Braunschweig 30 Sep 1292, bur Braunschweig Cathedral).  m secondly ([1 Dec] 1294) GERHARD Herr von Eppstein, son of GOTTFRIED [III] Herr von Eppstein & his first wife Mechtild von Isenburg-Braunsberg (-after 1294).  

9.         AGNES ([1277]-1335, bur [Marburg Elisabethkirche]).  "Otto…Lantgraue und Herre Hessin Landes und Alheit unst…Husfrauwe" granted Marpurg, held by "unse Herre und vater Lantgraue Heynrich", to "unsrm Herrin und Bulen Byschoue Ludewigen von Monster", on condition of granting revenue to "unsir sustir Agnesia von Nurrnberg…unsirs Brudirs Johannis dochter Elsebetis…unsme swager Grevin Otten von Orlaminde und Catherine siner…Husfrauwen, unser suster", by charter dated 2 Oct 1311[8]m (after 3 Jan 1297) JOHANN I Burggraf von Nürnberg, son of FRIEDRICH III Burggraf von Nürnberg & his wife his second wife Helene von Sachsen ([1279]-25 Feb 1300).

10.      JOHANN ([1278/82]-Kassel 16/22 Feb 1311, bur Kassel Kloster Ahnsberg).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 2 Oct 1311 under which his brother "Otto…Lantgraue und Herre Hessin Landes und Alheit unst…Husfrauwe" granted Marpurg, held by "unse Herre und vater Lantgraue Heynrich", to "unsrm Herrin und Bulen Byschoue Ludewigen von Monster", on condition of granting revenue to "…unsirs Brudirs Johannis dochter Elsebetis…"[9].  Herr von Niederhessen 1308.  He died of plague.  m (Jul 1306) ADELHEID von Braunschweig, daughter of ALBRECHT II Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Göttingen & his wife his wife Richza von Werle (25 Mar 1290-[14 Feb/2 Oct] 1311, bur Kassel Kloster Ahnsberg).  Johann & his wife had one child: 

a)         ELISABETH (-1339).  "Otto…Lantgraue und Herre Hessin Landes und Alheit unst…Husfrauwe" granted Marpurg, held by "unse Herre und vater Lantgraue Heynrich", to "unsrm Herrin und Bulen Byschoue Ludewigen von Monster", on condition of granting revenue to "unsir sustir Agnesia von Nurrnberg…unsirs Brudirs Johannis dochter Elsebetis…unsme swager Grevin Otten von Orlaminde und Catherine siner…Husfrauwen, unser suster", by charter dated 2 Oct 1311[10]m OTTO [VI] Herr von Ochsenstein (-before 1377). 

11.      LUDWIG ([1282/83]-18 Jul 1357, bur Münster Cathedral).  "Otto…Lantgraue und Herre Hessin Landes und Alheit unst…Husfrauwe" granted Marpurg, held by "unse Herre und vater Lantgraue Heynrich", to "unsrm Herrin und Bulen Byschoue Ludewigen von Monster", on condition of granting revenue to "unsir sustir Agnesia von Nurrnberg…unsirs Brudirs Johannis dochter Elsebetis…unsme swager Grevin Otten von Orlaminde und Catherine siner…Husfrauwen, unser suster", by charter dated 2 Oct 1311[11].  Canon at Chartres Cathedral before 1307.  Scholasticus at Mainz Cathedral and Canon at Trier Cathedral 1308-1310.  Canon at Münster Cathedral 1309.  Elected Bishop of Münster 1310/11, installed 1313. 

12.      ELISABETH "die Jüngere" (-after 30 Oct 1308)m (contract 17 Mar 1299) as his first wife, ALBRECHT III Graf von Görz, son of ALBRECHT II Graf von Görz & his wife his first wife Euphemia von Glogau [Piast] (-[1325/27]). 

13.      KATHARINA (-1322).  "Otto…Graf von Orlamunde und seine Frau Katharina" renounced rights to property of "des edeln Füsten Landgrafen Heinrich von Hessen, ihres Schwähers" by charter dated 30 Oct 1308[12].  "Otto…Lantgraue und Herre Hessin Landes und Alheit unst…Husfrauwe" granted Marpurg, held by "unse Herre und vater Lantgraue Heynrich", to "unsrm Herrin und Bulen Byschoue Ludewigen von Monster", on condition of granting revenue to "unsir sustir Agnesia von Nurrnberg…unsirs Brudirs Johannis dochter Elsebetis…unsme swager Grevin Otten von Orlaminde und Catherine siner…Husfrauwen, unser suster", by charter dated 2 Oct 1311[13]m (before 30 Oct 1308) as his second wife, OTTO IV "der Reiche" Graf von Orlamünde Herr zu Plassenburg und Kulmbach, son of OTTO Graf von Orlamünde Herr zu Weimar & his wife his wife Agnes von Leiningen (1271-[16 May/20 Aug] 1318, bur Kloster Himmelkron). 

14.      JUTTA (-13 Oct 1317, bur Braunschweig Cathedral)m ([24 Mar/2 Oct] 1311) as his first wife, OTTO von Braunschweig, son of ALBRECHT II "der Fette/der Feiste" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Göttingen und Braunschweig & his wife his wife Richza von Werle (25 Mar 1290-Göttingen 30 Aug 1344, bur Braunschweig Cathedral).  He succeeded his father in 1318 as OTTO "der Milde" Joint Herzog von Braunschweig in Braunschweig und Göttingen, jointly with his two brothers. 

 

 

OTTO I 1308-1328, HEINRICH II 1328-1376, LUDWIG II 1336-1345

 

OTTO von Hessen, son of HEINRICH I "das Kind" Landgraf Herr von Hessen & his wife his first wife Adelheid von Braunschweig ([1272]-17 Jan 1328, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche)He succeeded his father in 1308 as OTTO I Landgraf Herr von Oberhessen.  He succeeded in 1311 as Herr von Niederhessen on the death of his younger brother Johann.  "Otto…Lantgraue und Herre Hessin Landes und Alheit unst…Husfrauwe" granted Marpurg, held by "unse Herre und vater Lantgraue Heynrich", to "unsrm Herrin und Bulen Byschoue Ludewigen von Monster", on condition of granting revenue to "unsir sustir Agnesia von Nurrnberg…unsirs Brudirs Johannis dochter Elsebetis…unsme swager Grevin Otten von Orlaminde und Catherine siner…Husfrauwen, unser suster", by charter dated 2 Oct 1311[14]

m (1297) ADELHEID von Ravensberg, daughter of OTTO III Graf von Ravensberg & his wife Hedwig zur Lippe (-after 3 Apr 1338, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).  "Otto comes, Hattewige comitissa in Ravensberghe" issued a charter dated 17 Nov 1275 for Rule monastery, with the consent of "heredibus nostris Hermanno…et Ottone, Lothewico et Bernardo et filiabus Sophia et Alheide"[15].  "Otto…Lantgraue und Herre Hessin Landes und Alheit unst…Husfrauwe" granted Marpurg, held by "unse Herre und vater Lantgraue Heynrich", to "unsrm Herrin und Bulen Byschoue Ludewigen von Monster", on condition of granting revenue to "unsir sustir Agnesia von Nurrnberg…unsirs Brudirs Johannis dochter Elsebetis…unsme swager Grevin Otten von Orlaminde und Catherine siner…Husfrauwen, unser suster", by charter dated 2 Oct 1311[16].  "Otto…lantgravius terre Hassie dominus et Alheidis eius conthoralis" granted fishing rights in "aque Loyn ante oppidum nostrum Gyssin" by charter dated 5 Dec 1325[17].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 3 Apr 1338 under which her son "Ludewich lantgreue van Hessen" agreed terms of his future succession in "der herrschaft zu Rauensberg" with "Bernharde greuen zu Rauensberch", with the consent of "unse…motderen Sophien van Brochusen, unde Hedwige van Sweden, unde…die edelen vrauwen Margareten de…greuen Otten eliche wyff was"[18]

Otto I & his wife had five children: 

1.         HEINRICH (before 1302-Kassel 3 Jun 1376, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).  Mitregent 1320.  He succeeded his father in 1328 as HEINRICH II "der Eiserne" Landgraf Herr von Hessenm ([3 Feb 1318/25 Sep 1320], divorced before 1340) ELISABETH von Meissen, daughter of FRIEDRICH I "dem Freidigen" Markgraf von Meissen & his wife his second wife Elisabeth von Lobdeburg-Arnshaugk (Wartburg 1306-Eisenach 1367 before 10 Nov).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records the birth in 1306 of "Friderico marchioni filia Elizabeth in Wartperg" and her marriage to "Heinrico filio Ottonis lantgravii Hessie" in 1319[19].  Heinrich II & his wife had five children: 

a)         OTTO [II] "der Schütz" von Hessen (-[9/11] Dec 1366).  Mitregent as Herr von Hessen.  m (contract 25 Sep 1338) as her second husband, ELISABETH von Kleve, widow of GERAARD van Voorne Burchgraeve van Zeeland, daughter of DIETRICH VII Graf von Kleve & his first wife Margareta van Gelre (1307-Spangenberg 13 Nov 1382).  The marriage contract of "Dirk graaf van Kleef…zijner dochter Elisabeth" and "Otto zoon des landgraven van Hessen" is dated 25 Sep 1338[20].  "Didderic greue van Cleue, Aloph greue van der Marka, Margareta greuinne van der Marka onse…wijf ende Johan van Cleue doemdeken van Colen" issued a charter dated 16 Aug 1341 relating to the marriage of "Lysabet dochter ons greuen van Cleue" and "Otten audesten soen des lantgreuen van Hessen", recording "heren Gerarde heer van Voerne, dy haer man was"[21]

b)         ADELHEID (after 1323-after 25 May 1371).  The Chronica principum Polonie record that "Kazimirus rex Polonie" married "filia lantgravii de Hassia"[22].  It is assumed that her marriage was encouraged by Karl of Bohemia to ensure that King Kazimierz did not fall under the influence of a more powerful father-in-law which would have threatened Bohemian interests[23].  The marriage contract between "Heinricus…Lantgravius terre Hassie…Adelheide…filia nostra" and "domino Kazimiro Regi Polonie" is dated 3 Oct 1341, and names "Heinricum et Ernestum patrueles nostros de Brunswig, Hermannum fratrem nostrum, Johannem comitem de Cyginhain avunculum nostrum et Syfridum comitem de Wydalginstein fidelem nostrum" as guarantors for payment of the dowry[24].  Her husband exiled her to a distant castle soon after their marriage and never visited her, ostensibly because his father-in-law had failed to pay her promised dowry[25].  She complained of her treatment to Pope Innocent VI, demanding a thorough Papal investigation into her husband's conduct.  The Ephemerides Wladislavienses record that "1356 Oct XVIII Kal…domina Anna sive Anastasia regina Polonie, uxor…Kazimiri regis Polonie" returned to her father "domino margrabio Hasie" without the permission of her husband[26].  She complained once more to the Pope after her husband's fourth marriage[27]m (29 Sep 1341, divorced 1356) as his second wife, KAZIMIERZ III "Wielki/the Great" King of Poland, son of WŁADYSŁAW I "Łokietek/the Short" King of Poland & his wife his wife Jadwiga of Poland (30 Apr 1310-Krakow 5 Nov 1370, bur Krakow Cathedral).

c)         ELISABETH (-7 Mar 1390, bur Göttingen Franziskanerkirche, transferred 1821 to Hannover)m (before 2 Mar 1340, dispensation 10 Aug 1342) ERNST Herzog von Braunschweig in Braunschweig und Göttingen, son of ALBRECHT II "der Fette/der Feiste" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Göttingen und Braunschweig & his wife his wife Richza von Werle ([1305]-13 Jul 1366, bur Göttingen St Paul). 

d)         JUTTA (-1374, bur Kassel Kloster Ahnaberg).  

e)         MARGARETA (-after 28 Nov 1353).  Cistercian Nun at Haydau 1339. 

2.         OTTO (1301-Wolmirstedt 28 or 30 Apr 1361, bur Magdeburg Cathedral).  Canon at Münster and Paderborn Cathedrals before 1325.  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1325.  Elected Archbishop of Magdeburg 1327, installed 1331, until 1357. 

3.         LUDWIG (-2 Feb 1345).  Custodian of Magdeburg Cathedral 1331.  He succeeded in 1336 as LUDWIG II Landgraf Herr von Hessen zu Grebenstein.  "Ludewich lantgreue van Hessen" agreed terms of his future succession in "der herrschaft zu Rauensberg" with "Bernharde greuen zu Rauensberch", with the consent of "unse…motderen Sophien van Brochusen, unde Hedwige van Sweden, unde…die edelen vrauwen Margareten de…greuen Otten eliche wyff was", by charter dated 3 Apr 1338[28]m (Oct 1340) as her second husband, ELISABETH von Sponheim, widow of RUDOLF I Graf von Hohenberg, daughter of SIMON II Graf von Sponheim in Kastellaun.  1331/40.  Ludwig II & his wife had three children: 

a)         OTTO (-[3 Feb/2 Dec] 1357).  Canon at Halberstadt and Bamberg Cathedrals before 1357.  Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral 1357. 

b)         HERMANN ([1342]-10 Jun 1413, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).  Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral to 1367.  Mitregent 1367.  He succeeded in 1376 as HERMANN II "der Gelehrte" Landgraf Herr von Hessen

-        see below

c)         AGNES (-Eisenach 28 Dec 1393).  Abbess of St Katharina at Eisenach 1384-1391. 

4.         HERMANN (-[30 Jul 1368/27 Jan 1370]).  He succeeded in 1336 as HERMANN I Landgraf Herr von Hessen, Herr zu Nordeck.  The marriage contract between "Heinricus…Lantgravius terre Hassie…Adelheide…filia nostra" and "domino Kazimiro Regi Polonie" is dated 3 Oct 1341, and names "…Hermannum fratrem nostrum…" as guarantors for payment of the dowry[29].  Herr zu Grebenstein 1349.  

5.         ELISABETH (-30 May 1373, bur 1883 Wittenberg Schloßkirche)m (before 8 May 1336) RUDOLF II Herzog zu Sachsen Elector of Saxony, of RUDOLF I Herzog von Sachsen-Wittenberg & his wife his first wife Judith von Brandenburg (-6 Dec 1370, bur Wittenberg Franciscan Monastery).  He succeeded his father in 1356 as RUDOLF II "der Jüngere" Herzog zu Sachsen, Elector of Saxony

 

 

HERMANN II 1376-1413, LUDWIG III 1413-1458, HEINRICH III 1458-1483, WILHELM III 1489-1500

 

HERMANN von Hessen, son of LUDWIG II Landgraf Herr von Hessen zu Grebenstein & his wife his wife Elisabeth von Sponheim ([1342]-10 Jun 1413, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche)Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral to 1367.  Mitregent 1367.  He succeeded in 1376 as HERMANN II "der Gelehrte" Landgraf Herr von Hessen

m firstly (Kassel [30 Jan/11 Feb] 1377) JOHANNA von Nassau-Weilburg, daughter of JOHANN I Graf von Nassau-Weilburg (1362-Marburg 1 Jan 1383, bur [Marburg Elisabethkirche]). 

m secondly (Kulmbach 15 Oct 1383) MARGARETA von Nürnberg, daughter of FRIEDRICH V Burggraf von Nürnberg & his wife Elisabeth von Meissen ([1363]-Gudensberg 15 Jan 1406, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). 

Hermann II & his second wife had eight children:

1.         ANNA (-young).  

2.         HEINRICH (Marburg [10 Nov] 1387-13 Jul 1394, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).  

3.         ELISABETH (1388-22 Jul 1394, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). 

4.         MARGARETA (Marburg 1389-Rotenburg an der Fulda 1446)m (Kassel 30 Jan 1409) as his second wife, HEINRICH II Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, son of BERNHARD I Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg & his wife his wife Margareta von Sachsen-Wittenberg (-Ülzen 14 Oct 1416, bur Braunschweig).

5.         AGNES (1391-Münden 16 Jan 1471, bur Kassel St Martin)m (Marburg 26 Sep 1406) OTTO "der Einäugige" Herzog von Braunschweig in Göttingen, son of OTTO "der Quade" Herzog von Braunschweig in Göttingen & his wife his second wife Margareta von Berg ([1384]-Uslar 18 Feb 1463).

6.         HERMANN ([Kassel] 18 Oct 1396-Gudensberg 15 Jan 1406). 

7.         FRIEDRICH (7 Mar 1398-Spangenberg 25 Nov 1402). 

8.         LUDWIG (Spangenberg 6 Feb 1402-Spangenberg 17 Jan 1458, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1413 as LUDWIG III "der Friedsame" Landgraf Herr von Hessen.  Graf von Ziegenhain und Nidda 1450.  m (Kassel 8 Sep 1433) ANNA von Sachsen, daughter of FRIEDRICH I "der Streitbare" Elector of Saxony & his wife his wife Katharina von Braunschweig (5 Jun 1420-17 Sep 1462, bur Spangenberg Stadtkirche).  Ludwig III & his wife had five children: 

a)         LUDWIG (7 Sep 1438-Reichenbach 8 Nov 1471, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1458 as LUDWIG IV "der Freimütige" Landgraf zu Hessen, Graf zu Ziegenhain und Nidda, Herr von Niederhessen. 

-        LANDGRAFEN von HESSEN

b)         HEINRICH (15 Oct 1440-Marburg 13 Jan 1483, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1458 as HEINRICH III Landgraf zu Hessen, Graf zu Ziegenhain und Nidda, Herr von Oberhessen.  Regent of Oberhessen 1471-1483.  Graf von Katzenelnbogen und Dietz 1479.  m (St Goar 24 Jan 1458) ANNA von Katzenelnbogen, daughter of PHILIPP "dem Älteren" Graf von Katzenelnbogen (5 Sep 1443-Marburg 16 Feb 1494, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).  Heinrich III & his wife had six children: 

i)          FRIEDRICH (1459-young).  

ii)         LUDWIG der Jüngere (chr Marburg 29 Dec 1460-Rauschenberg 1 Jul 1478, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). 

iii)        ELISABETH (Marburg May 1466-Köln 17 Jan 1523, bur Marburg)m (Marburg 11 Feb 1482) JOHANN V Graf von Nassau und Dietz (1455-30 Jul 1516, bur Siegen Franziskanerkirche).

iv)       WILHELM ([8 Sep] 1471-Rauschenberg 17 Feb 1500, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).  He succeeded in 1489 as WILHELM III "der Jüngere" Landgraf von Hessen in Oberhessen, Katzenelnbogen und Dietz.  m (Frankfurt-am-Main 16 Oct 1498) as her first husband, ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin, daughter of PHILIPP Elector Palatine & his wife Margareta von Bayern (Heidelberg 16 Nov 1483-Baden-Baden 24 Jun 1522, bur Baden-Baden Stiftskirche).  She married secondly (3 Jan 1503) Philipp von Baden, who succeeded in 1515 as PHILIPP I Markgraf von Baden in Baden, ½ Eberstein, Lahr und Mahlberg.  Wilhelm III had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

(a)        HEINRICH Battenberg .  1515/17, at Heidelberg University. 

v)        MATHILDE (Blankenstein Jul 1473-Köln 19 Feb 1505, bur Kleve Stiftskirche)m (Soest 3 Nov 1489) JOHANN II Duke of Kleve, son of JOHANN I Duke of Kleve & his wife Elisabeth de Nevers [Bourgogne-Valois] (14 Apr 1458-15 Jan 1521, bur Kleve Stiftskirche). 

vi)       HEINRICH (1474-young). 

c)         HERMANN (1450-Poppelsdorf 19 Oct 1508, bur Köln Cathedral).  Canon at Mainz Cathedral 1461.  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1463.  Provost at Worms Cathedral 1467/68.  Provost at Fritzlar 1468, resigned 1472.  Deacon of St Gereon at Köln 1470-1480.  Elected Bishop of Hildesheim 1471-72.  Coadjutor of Köln 1473.  Scholasticus at Worms Cathedral 1478/79.  Archbishop of Köln 1480.  Coadjutor of Paderborn 1495.  Bishop of Paderborn 1498.  Hermann had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

i)          HERMANN von Hessen (-[1523/29]).  Canon of St Cassius at Bonn 1491.  Priest at Winningen am Mosel before 1496.  Canon of St Severin at Köln.  Canon of St Maria 1496-1516.  Provost of St Aposteln at Köln 1503-1505. 

d)         ELISABETH (chr Kassel 14 Dec 1453-22 Apr 1489, bur Weilburg)m (1464) JOHANN III Graf von Nassau-Weilburg (1441-15 Jul 1480). 

e)         FRIEDRICH (posthumously before 17 Feb 1458-[1 Nov] 1463, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).  

 

 

 



[1] Kremer, C. J. (1781) Academische Beiträge zur Jülch- und Bergischen Geschichte, Band III Geschichte der Grafen von Gülch, Urkunden zur Gülch- und Bergischen Geschichte (Mannheim) ("Kremer (1781), Band III, Urkunden Jülich"), CXXXIII, p. 150. 

[2] Cronica Principum Saxonie, MGH SS XXV, p. 476. 

[3] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1258, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 622. 

[4] Wenck, H. B. (1803) Hessische Landesgeschichte mit einem Urkundenbuch, Band III, Urkundenbuch (Darmstadt) ("Hessische Landesgeschichte Urkundenbuch, Band III"), CLXXIX, p. 154. 

[5] Hessische Landesgeschichte Urkundenbuch, Band III, CLXXV, p. 150. 

[6] Weller, K. (ed.) (1899) Hohenlohisches Urkundenbuch, Band I (Stuttgart), 515, p. 349. 

[7] Hessische Landesgeschichte Urkundenbuch, Band III, CLXXX, p. 155. 

[8] Hessische Landesgeschichte Urkundenbuch, Band III, CCXV, p. 178. 

[9] Hessische Landesgeschichte Urkundenbuch, Band III, CCXV, p. 178. 

[10] Hessische Landesgeschichte Urkundenbuch, Band III, CCXV, p. 178. 

[11] Hessische Landesgeschichte Urkundenbuch, Band III, CCXV, p. 178. 

[12] Reitzenstein, C. von (1871) Regesten der Grafen von Orlamünde (Bayreuth) ("Orlamünde Regesten"), p. 125. 

[13] Hessische Landesgeschichte Urkundenbuch, Band III, CCXV, p. 178. 

[14] Hessische Landesgeschichte Urkundenbuch, Band III, CCXV, p. 178. 

[15] Lamey, A. (1779) Diplomatische Geschichte der alten Grafen von Ravensberg (Mannheim) ("Ravensberg Codex"), LVI, 56. 

[16] Hessische Landesgeschichte Urkundenbuch, Band III, CCXV, p. 178. 

[17] Ravensberg Codex, XCVIII, 90. 

[18] Ravensberg Codex, CXVIII, 108. 

[19] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1306 and 1319, MGH SS XXX.1, pp. 647 and 652. 

[20] Nijhoff, I. A. (1830) Gedenkwaardigheden uit de Geschiedenis van Gelre (Arnhem), Eeerste Deel, ("Nijhoff (1830), I"), 334, p. 382. 

[21] Nijhoff (1830), I, 378, p. 426. 

[22] Chronica principum Poloniæ, Silesiacarum Scriptores I, p. 155. 

[23] Knoll, p. 111. 

[24] Codex Diplomaticus Poloniæ Tome I, CX, p. 190. 

[25] Knoll, pp. 112 and 208. 

[26] Ephemerides Wladislavienses, MGH SS XIX, p. 689. 

[27] Knoll, p. 221. 

[28] Ravensberg Codex, CXVIII, 108. 

[29] Codex Diplomaticus Poloniæ Tome I, CX, p. 190.