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burgundy duchy

nevers

 

v4.1 Updated 19 November 2017

 

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RETURN TO BURGUNDY DUCHY INTRODUCTION

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Chapter 1.                COMTES de NEVERS. 2

A.         COMTES de NEVERS 990-1181. 2

B.         COMTES de NEVERS (COURTENAY, DONZY, BURGUNDY) 25

C.        COMTES de NEVERS 1404-1500 (VALOIS) 30

D.        COMTES de NEVERS 1500-1538, DUC de NEVERS 1538-1563 (KLEVE) 34

E.         DUCS de NEVERS 1563-1659 (GONZAGA) 36

F.         DUCS de NEVERS 1659-1769 (MAZZARINO/MAZARIN, MANCINI) 37

Chapter 2.                NOBILITY in NEVERS. 38

A.         SEIGNEURS de CHÂTILLON-en-BAZOIS.. 38

B.         SEIGNEURS de DONZY.. 44

C.        SEIGNEURS de la RIVIERE.. 51

 

 

The county of Nevers lay in the west of the area which later evolved into the duchy of Burgundy.  The history of the early comtes de Nevers is summarised in the 12th century Origo brevis Nivernensium comitum, written by Hugues de Poitiers[1].  Landry Seigneur de Monceau was invested with the county of Nevers in 990 by his father-in-law, Othon [I] Guillaume Comte de Mâcon, as a reward for services.  The county passed to his younger son Renaud, while his older son Bodo inherited the county of Vendôme through his wife.  The extent of Landry's importance in Burgundy is judged by the marriage he arranged for his son Renaud with the daughter of Robert II King of France.  Renaud's descendants in the male line continued to rule as comtes de Nevers until the death of Comte Guillaume [V] in 1181, when the county was inherited by his sister.  She married, as his first wife, Pierre [II] Seigneur de Courtenay (whose career culminated in election as Latin emperor of Constantinople).  The county of Nevers passed to their daughter Mathilde in 1193 and, through a series of transmissions through the female line, was inherited in turn by the families of the Seigneurs de Donzy, the Comtes de Saint-Pol (Seigneurs de Châtillon-sur-Marne), the Seigneurs de Bourbon, the Counts of Flanders, and the Dukes of Burgundy.  Philippe IV King of France confiscated Nevers from Louis, son of Robert III Count of Flanders, in 1311.  Philippe II "le Hardi" Duke of Burgundy bequeathed the county of Nevers to his younger son Philippe in 1404.  His sons ruled Nevers until 1491, when it was inherited by the family of the Dukes of Kleve. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    COMTES de NEVERS

 

 

 

A.      COMTES de NEVERS 990-1181

 

 

Settipani highlights, and further expands, the following family group in Poitou, suggesting possible connections with the families of Ramnulf Comte de Poitou and Audebert Vicomte de Limoges, in both of which the name "Adalgarius" is found, and with the family of the comtes de Nevers[2]

1.         ADALGER (-after Jan 880).  "Adalgarius et uxor mea Aiga" donated property "in pago Caturcino in vicaria Exidense in loco…Beionis" to Beaulieu for the souls of "fratrum meorum Landrici et Eldegarii" by charter dated Jan 880, subscribed by "Rodulfi…"[3]m AIGA, daughter of ---.  "Adalgarius et uxor mea Aiga" donated property "in pago Caturcino in vicaria Exidense in loco…Beionis" to Beaulieu for the souls of "fratrum meorum Landrici et Eldegarii" by charter dated Jan 880, subscribed by "Rodulfi…"[4].  Adalger & his wife had three children: 

a)         RAOUL (-after 1 Nov 882).  "Rodulfus filius quondam Adalgarii et Ayganæ [et] uxor mea Bertlindis" donated property "in pago Caturcino in villa Exidense et…Cuncellas" to Beaulieu for the souls of his parents and "fratrum meorum Landrici et Eldegarii" by charter dated 1 Nov 882[5]m BERTLINDIS, daughter of ---.  "Rodulfus filius quondam Adalgarii et Ayganæ [et] uxor mea Bertlindis" donated property "in pago Caturcino in villa Exidense et…Cuncellas" to Beaulieu for the souls of his parents and "fratrum meorum Landrici et Eldegarii" by charter dated 1 Nov 882[6]

b)         ADALGER .  "Rodulfus filius quondam Adalgarii et Ayganæ [et] uxor mea Bertlindis" donated property "in pago Caturcino in villa Exidense et…Cuncellas" to Beaulieu for the souls of his parents and "fratrum meorum Landrici et Eldegarii" by charter dated 1 Nov 882[7]

c)         LANDRY .  "Rodulfus filius quondam Adalgarii et Ayganæ [et] uxor mea Bertlindis" donated property "in pago Caturcino in villa Exidense et…Cuncellas" to Beaulieu for the souls of his parents and "fratrum meorum Landrici et Eldegarii" by charter dated 1 Nov 882[8]

 

 

[Two brothers]: 

1.         ADALGER [Hildegarius] (-893 or after).  Chaplain of Charles "le Chauve" King of the West Franks.  Bishop of Autun 875/93.  Abbé de Flavigny et de Corbigny 877.  Chancellor of King Boson [de Provence] 879.  Abbé de Brioude 888.  Chancellor of Eudes King of the Franks 892-893[9]

2.         [LANDRY [I] .  It is not known whether Landry was the brother of Bishop Adalger or whether his wife Hildesinde was the bishop's sister[10].  A supporter of Charles "le Chauve" King of the West Franks who gave him “locum et capellam Sancti Albani” in the Mâconnais in 842, which Landry and his wife gave to the cathedral of Mâcon[11], although the dating is unlikely to be correct if they were the parents of Landry [II].]  m (before 868) HILDESINDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not been identified.  Landry [I] & his wife had [one probable child]: 

a)         [LANDRY [II] (-922 or after).  The Historia Nivernensium Comitum names "Hildegarius episcopus Heduensis" and "nepotem…Landricum"[12].  He acquired the castle of Metz-le-Comte from the Duke of Burgundy in [880] after distinguishing himself during its siege[13].  "Landricus" made a donation by charter dated 11 Sep 910[14].  918/22.  m firstly ADA, daughter of ---.  "Ada coniuge Landricus" consented to the charter of "Landricus" dated 11 Sep 910[15]m secondly EMMA, daughter of ---.  "Landrici patris mei, Emme matris mei" are named in the charter of Adalgardis dated 950[16].  The Historia Nivernensium Comitum records that "Hildegarii nepoti Landrico" married "uxore stirpis Andegavorum"[17], although it is not known whether this was his first or second wife.]  Landry [II] & his [first/second] wife had two children: 

i)          LANDRY [III] (-after Nov 950).  "Landrici fratris mei" is named in the charter of Adalgardis dated 950[18].  He may have been one of the subscribers "Gisoni, Attoni, Landrici" to the charter dated Nov 950 under which "Bodo" donated property "in pago Matisconense in villa Lanco" acquired from "Rainaldo cognate meo" to Cluny[19], but this is not certain.  Seigneur de Metz-le-Comte. 

ii)         BODO (-after Nov 950).  The Historia Nivernensium Comitum names "Bodonem" as the son of "Hildegarii nepoti Landrico" and his wife "[ex] stirpis Andegavorum", specifying that "Bodo de Montibus" was his godfather and that Bodo built "castellum…Moncellis"[20].  Seigneur de Monceaux-le-Comte.  "Bodo" donated property "in pago Matisconense in villa Lanco" acquired from "Rainaldo cognate meo" to Cluny "pro receptione filii mei" by charter dated Nov 950, subscribed by "Gisoni, Attoni, Landrici"[21], although it is not certain that this is the same Bodo.  Although the identity of "Rainaldo cognate meo" has not been established, the name suggests a family connection with the Comte de Nevers.  Settipani suggests that he was related to the Comtes d'Anjou, through Bodo's mother[22]m ---.  The name of Bodo's wife is not known.  Bodo & his wife had [two] children: 

(a)       LANDRY [IV] (-11 May 1028).  The Historia Nivernensium Comitum names "Landricus filius Bodonis"[23].  He was invested in 990 as Comte de Nevers

-         see below

(b)       [son .  He became a monk at Cluny in Nov 950, assuming that "Bodo", who donated property "in pago Matisconense in villa Lanco" acquired from "Rainaldo cognate meo" to Cluny "pro receptione filii mei" by charter of that date[24], his father is the same as Bodo de Nevers.] 

Landry [II] & his second wife had one child: 

iii)        ADALGARDIS [Adela] (-after 950).  She names her parents in her charter dated 950, which also names her brother, husband and three sons[25].  "…Adelæ comitissæ, Milonis comitis filii eius" subscribed the charter dated 8 Sep 975 under which "Adelelmus miles" donated property to Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire for the souls of "genitore meo Rotberto et genitrice mea Bertha et…Burcardo"[26].  Bouchard says it is possible to identify Adela, wife of Milo, with the daughter of Humbert I Seigneur de Salins who was the mother of Wandelmodis and grandmother of Engelbert Comte de Brienne[27], but this theory is disproved by the charter evidence referred to above.  m MILO [I], son of --- (-before 950). 

 

 

1.         ROBERT (-after 978).  Abbot of Flavigny.  The Series abbatum Flaviniacensium records that "Roberto" abbot of Flavigny was "propinquus Landrici comitis Nivernensis", stating that he was expelled from the abbey and transferred to Corbey[28].  The exact relationship has not been established.  The text suggests that he was abbot after the death of Gerard Bishop of Autun, which is there dated to 978. 

 

 

LANDRY [IV] de Monceau, son of BODO Seigneur de Monceaux-le-Comte & his wife --- (-château de Gourdon 11 May 1028).  He was invested in 990 as Comte de Nevers by his father-in-law as a reward for services[29].  The Annales Nivernenses record a battle in "991 Id Aug" between "Landricum comitem" and "Archimbaldum"[30].  Seneschal of France.  According to a contemporary satirical poem, Comte Landry helped maintain the second marriage of Robert II King of France to Berthe de Bourgogne[31].  "Landricus comes" donated property to the abbey of Flavigny by charter dated 28 Jul 1002 subscribed by "Bodo filius eius, Landricus filius eius…"[32].  He rebelled against King Robert after the death of Henri Duke of Burgundy in 1002, but a settlement was later reached and was confirmed by the betrothal of Landry's son Renaud to the king's daughter, whose dowry was the county of Auxerre[33].  "Landricus…comes" donated property to Cluny by charter dated to [1010] subscribed by "…Rainaldi eius filii…"[34].  The Miracula Sancti Bernardi names "Landrico…Nivernensium comite" and records his death "Gordone castro"[35].  The Annales Nivernenses record the death "1028 V Id Maii" of "Landricus comes"[36].  The necrology of Auxerre cathedral records the death 11 May of "Landricus comes"[37]

m ([989][38]) MATHILDE de Mâcon, daughter of OTHON GUILLAUME Comte de Mâcon et de Nevers [Bourgogne-Comté] & his first wife Ermentrude de Roucy (-13 Nov or 13 Dec 1005, bur Auxerre Saint-Etienne).  Rodulfus Glaber states that "Landrico Neuernis comite" was married to the oldest daughter of "Willemus, Henrici ducis priuignus, Adalberti Longobardorum ducis filius" & his wife, when recording that he supported his father-in-law in the latter's rebellion against the king [Robert II][39].  She is named in the charter dated to [1028/40] under which "Rainaldus…comes" donated property "in pago Nevernense…Belmontis" to Cluny for the souls of "patris mei Landrici et matris mee Matildis…"[40].  Her father gave her Nevers, which she brought as dowry to her husband.  The necrology of Auxerre cathedral records the death 13 Dec of "Mathildis comitissa, Landrici coniux"[41]

Comte Landry & his wife had five children: 

1.         BODON de Nevers ([997]-[1023])"Landricus comes" donated property to the abbey of Flavigny by charter dated 28 Jul 1002 subscribed by "Bodo filius eius, Landricus filius eius…"[42].  It is unlikely that Bodon, assuming he was the oldest child by his father's marriage to Mathilde de Mâcon, could have been born before [997], given the estimated birth date of his maternal grandfather.  Bouchard raises the possibility that Bodon and Landry were sons of an earlier marriage as "they seem to have had no claim to Nevers"[43].  However, it looks likely that they both predeceased their father, and it would have been improbable for surviving infant issue to be installed as count instead of their adult paternal uncle.  Bodon succeeded his wife's maternal uncle in [1016/20] as Comte de Vendôme, by right of his wife. 

-        COMTES de VENDÔME

2.         LANDRY de Nevers .  1002/04.  "Landricus comes" donated property to the abbey of Flavigny by charter dated 28 Jul 1002 subscribed by "Bodo filius eius, Landricus filius eius…"[44]

3.         RENAUD [I] de Nevers (-killed in battle Sainte-Vertu, Yonne 29 May 1040, bur Auxerre, Saint-Germain).  The Historia Nivernensium Comitum names "Renaldum" as son of "Landricus primus hujus generis Comes Nivernis"[45].  He succeeded his father in 1028 as Comte de Nevers

-        see below.  

4.         GUY "le petit Bourguignon" de Nevers (-before 1035).  "Rainaldus comes Nivernensis" donated property "Belmontis" to Cluny, for the souls of "Landrici patris mei…[et] Matildis matris mee et uxoris mee Advise et filiorum meorum qui presentes sunt…fratris mei Widonis et Rotberti et Walterii, Gilberti, Abonis, Hiterii, Hugonis, Richardi, Girosi" by charter dated to [1028/40], subscribed by "filii eorum Willelmi"[46]same person as …?  GUY (-after Jun 1023).  "Landrici comitis, Rainaldi filii eius et uxoris eius, Widoni et uxoris eius Acherada…Rodberti filii Gibaldi" subscribed the charter dated Jun 1023 under which "Gibaldus" donated property to Cluny[47].  Bouchard suggests that this was Guy, brother of Renaud [I] Comte de Nevers[48]m ACHERADA, daughter of ---.  "Landrici comitis, Rainaldi filii eius et uxoris eius, Widoni et uxoris eius Acherada…Rodberti filii Gibaldi" subscribed the charter dated Jun 1023 under which "Gibaldus" donated property to Cluny[49]

5.         ROBERT de Nevers .  [1032].  The Miracula Sancti Bernardi records that "Landrico…Nivernensium comite" betrothed "Rotberto uni suorum filio" to "Mahildem, Gimonis filiam"[50]Betrothed (before 1028) to MATHILDE, daughter of GIMO & his wife ---.  The Miracula Sancti Bernardi records that "Landrico…Nivernensium comite" betrothed "Rotberto uni suorum filio" to "Mahildem, Gimonis filiam"[51].  The marriage was never consummated and Mathilde became a nun[52]

 

 

RENAUD [I] de Nevers, son of LANDRY Comte de Nevers & his wife Mathilde de Bourgogne-Comté (-killed in battle Seignelay 29 May 1040, bur Auxerre, Saint-Germain).  "Landricus…comes" donated property to Cluny by charter dated to [1010] subscribed by "…Rainaldi eius filii…"[53]Comte d’Auxerre [1016], de iure uxoris"Landrici comitis, Rainaldi filii eius et uxoris eius, Widoni et uxoris eius Acherada…Rodberti filii Gibaldi" subscribed the charter dated Jun 1023 under which "Gibaldus" donated property to Cluny[54]He succeeded his father in 1028 as Comte de Nevers.  "Rainaldus comes Nivernensis" donated property "Belmontis" to Cluny, for the souls of "Landrici patris mei…[et] Matildis matris mee et uxoris mee Advise et filiorum meorum qui presentes sunt…fratris mei Widonis et Rotberti et Walterii, Gilberti, Abonis, Hiterii, Hugonis, Richardi, Girosi" by charter dated to [1028/40], subscribed by "filii eorum Willelmi"[55].  The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum records that "[comes] Nivernis" was killed by the duke of Burgundy "apud Saigniacum"[56]Rodolfus Glaber records that he was "daringly assassinated…by a knight of lowly birth"[57]The Annales Nivernenses record the death in 1040 of "Ragenaldus comes, Landrici comitis proles"[58].  The necrology of Mâcon Cathedral records that "Raynaldus Nivernensis comes" was killed "IV Kal Jun"[59].  The necrology of Auxerre cathedral records that "comes Rainaldus" was killed 29 May[60]

m (soon after 25 Jan 1016) HEDWIGE [Avoie] de France, daughter of ROBERT II "le Pieux" King of France & his third wife Constance d'Arles [Provence] ([1003]-5 Jun after 1063).  Rodolfus Glaber records that "Rainaldus…Landrici comitis filius" married a daughter of King Robert[61]The Chronici Hugonis Floriacensis names "Adelaidem…Rainaldi comitis Nivernensis uxorem" as the daughter of King Robert and his wife Constance[62]The Historia Nivernensium Comitum records that the wife of "Renaldum" was "sorori Regis Roberti, filii Hugonis Capitonis"[63].  The Annales Vizeliacenses also specifies that Renaud's wife was the sister not daughter of King Robert II[64].  However, this is chronologically unlikely given that King Robert and his known sisters were born in the 970s, more than twenty years before the earliest possible date of birth of Comte Renaud.  Her marriage was agreed by her father as part of his alliance with Landry Comte de Nevers after capturing Auxerre, which the king gave to his daughter as dowry[65]"Rainaldus comes Nivernensis" donated property "Belmontis" to Cluny, for the souls of "…uxoris mee Advise…" by charter dated to [1028/40][66].  She founded the abbeys of Crisenon and Issenon. 

Comte Renaud & his wife had [five] children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [I] de Nevers (-20 Jun 1098, bur Nevers, Saint-Etienne).  "Rainaldus comes Nivernensis" donated property "Belmontis" to Cluny, for the souls of "…uxoris mee Advise et filiorum meorum qui presentes sunt…" by charter dated to [1028/40], subscribed by "filii eorum Willelmi"[67].  He succeeded his father in 1040 as Comte de Nevers et d'Auxerre. 

-        see below

2.         HENRI de Nevers .  "…Rotbertus Burgundus et Heinricus et Wido tres fratres…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[68]"Rotbertus de Sablulio et uxor mea Hazvisa" property to the monastery of Saint-Martin, for the souls of "Gaufredi fratris Hazvisæ uxoris meæ et…fratrum meorum Hamrici et Guidonis", by charter dated 7 Aug 1067[69].  "Rotbertus Burgundio" donated pasturage rights in the forest of Brionne to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "fratris sui Hanrici atque uxoris suæ, illius quæ Blancha vocata est, filiorumque suorum" by charter dated 30 Nov 1077, witnessed by "Rainaldus filius eius…"[70]

3.         GUY de Nevers (-26 Jan ----).  "…Rotbertus Burgundus et Heinricus et Wido tres fratres…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[71]"Rotbertus de Sablulio et uxor mea Hazvisa" property to the monastery of Saint-Martin, for the souls of "Gaufredi fratris Hazvisæ uxoris meæ et…fratrum meorum Hamrici et Guidonis", by charter dated 7 Aug 1067[72].  "Domnus Wido, monachus de Casa Dei, frater comitis Nevernensis" is named in the donation of "Wilelmus Pictavensis comes ac totius dux Aquitanie" dated 11 Jan 1081[73].  Monk at Chaise-Dieu.  1081. 

4.         ROBERT "le Bourguignon" de Nevers (-after 1098).  Robert's affiliation is indicated by Orderic Vitalis who refers to the wife of Hubert Vicomte du Maine (daughter of Robert's supposed brother Comte Guillaume) as his neptis[74].  This is corroborated by his known brother Guy being recorded as "frater comitis Nevernensis" (see above).  "…Rotbertus Burgundus et Heinricus et Wido tres fratres…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[75].  Seigneur de Sablé, by right of his first wife.  Seigneur de Craon. 

-        SEIGNEURS de SABLE

5.         [ADELAIDE .  The genealogy of the Seigneurs de Semur, included in the cartulary of Marcigny-sur-Loire and dated to [1144], names "Adeleide qui fut fille du comte Rainauld" as wife of "Jaufrois"[76], which may possibly refer to Renaud [I] Comte de Nevers.  m GEOFFROY [II] Seigneur de Semur, son of DALMAS [I] Seigneur de Semur & his wife Aramburge --- (-Cluny [1070/80]).]

 

 

GUILLAUME [I] de Nevers, son of RENAUD I Comte de Nevers & his wife Hedwige de France (-20 Jun 1098, bur Nevers, Saint-Etienne).  "Rainaldus comes Nivernensis" donated property "Belmontis" to Cluny, for the souls of "…uxoris mee Advise et filiorum meorum qui presentes sunt…" by charter dated to [1028/40], subscribed by "filii eorum Willelmi"[77].  He succeeded his father in 1040 as Comte de Nevers, Comte d'AuxerreComte de Tonnerre, de iure uxoris.  "Willelmus Nivernensis comes" made a donation to Cluny dated 13 Dec 1097[78].  The Annales Nivernenses record the death in 1098 of "Willelmus comes Nivernesium"[79].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "XII Kal Jul" of "Guillelmus comes Nivernensis"[80]

m firstly ([1039]) ERMENGARDE Ctss de Tonnerre, daughter of RENAUD [I] Comte de Tonnerre & his wife Helvis --- ([1023/26]-before 1090).  “Milo comes Tornodorensis castri” donated property to the monastery of Saint-Michel, for the soul of “filii mei Othonis” buried in the monastery and “uxore mea Herviz…filio nostro Arduyno ac filia Ermengarda”, by charter dated Jul 1036[81].  Her birth date is estimated from her marriage in [1039], combined with the fact that she was still not of marriageable age in 1036.  “Raynardus comes” donated property to the monastery of Saint-Michel (on his deathbed), with the consent of “uxoris mee Herviz et filii mei Harduini sive filie mee Ermengarde”, by charter dated 16 Jul 1039 which also names “mater mea Ermengardis[82]Her marriage is referred to in the Gesta pontificum Autissiodorensium[83].  She succeeded as Ctss de Tonnerre in 1065 when her cousin Comte Hugues-Rainard became bishop of Langres[84]

m secondly (before 1085) MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not been identified. 

Comte Guillaume [I] and his first wife had five children: 

1.         RENAUD [II] de Nevers (-killed 5 Aug 1089).  The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum names "Guillelmum et Renaldum" as the two sons of "Guillelmus…I", stating that Renaud possessed "Malliacum et Huben, duo nobilia castra"[85].  Although the wording of this passage suggests that Guillaume was the older son, the charter dated 4 Mar 1063 subscribed by "filii mei Raginaldi, Wilelmi, Rotberti" after "Wilelmus comes"[86] is more likely to show the correct order of birth of the brothers.  He and his brothers are named in their father's 1083 charter[87].  The necrology of Auxerre cathedral records that "Rainaldus Willelmi comitis filius" was killed 5 Aug[88]m firstly ([divorced]) [as her first husband,] [ITA Raymonde] de Forez, daughter of ARTAUD [II] Comte de Forez et de Lyon & his wife Raymonde ---.  The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum records that "Guillelmus…[filios]…Renaldum" married firstly "filiam unicam [Artaldi] comitis Foratensis"[89].  [She married secondly (before 1085) Guigues Raymond d'Albon.]  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez states that "Guy-Raymond de Viennois" married "Ide-Raymonde de Forez, fille d’Artaud V…comte de Lyon et de Forez et d’Ide son épouse" and refers to the couple’s donation of "quelques terres situées au pays de Forez" to Cluny dated 1085, adding that the property in question was Ita’s dowry[90].  La Mure does not quote the charter in question nor provide a precise source reference, apart from referring to Guichenon’s Histoire de Savoie.  This charter has not been found in the compilation of Cluny charters edited by Bernard and Bruel so presumably has since disappeared.  It is not now therefore possible to state whether the charter explicitly confirms Ita Raymonde’s affiliation, although on this point there appears no reason to doubt that La Mure had the document available when he was writing as his description of its contents is precise.  Two difficulties remain.  The first difficulty is the date of the supposed Cluny charter, as at that time Guigues would still have been a child (his estimated birth date appears robust).  The second difficulty is that Ita must have been considerably older than her second husband, assuming that she was the same daughter who had previously married Renaud [II] Comte de Nevers, as she had a daughter by her first marriage when Guigues Raymond must still have been an infant.  One possibility is that Artaud [II] Comte de Forez et de Lyon had two daughters, despite the Origine et Historia asserting that Comte Renaud’s wife was "filiam unicam".  It should be noted that no source has been identified which confirms that Guigues’s wife had previously been the wife of Comte Renaud.  If there was only one daughter, she must have been divorced from her first husband, although no source has been found which confirms that this is correct.  It should be noted that La Mure asserts that Renaud [II] Comte de Nevers was Ita’s second husband, married after the death of Guigues, but this appears difficult to reconcile with the chronology of the different families with which she was connected.  m secondly [as her second husband,] AGNES de Baugency, [widow of ROBERT de Villeneuil,] daughter of LANCELIN [II] Seigneur de Baugency & his wife ---.  The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum records that "Guillelmus…[filios]…Renaldum" married secondly "Idam…filiam Lancelini de Balgentiaco"[91]Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 1134 under which "Guillelmus comes Nivernensis, qui fuit natus de filia Lancelini de Baugenciaco" renounced practices which prejudiced the abbey of Saint-Michel[92]Her first marriage is indicated by the charter dated Feb 1069 under which "Rotbertus de Villenolio gener Lancelini" donated property, naming "uxorem suam Agnes…et fratrem suum Willelmum", subscribed by "Lancelinus de Balgentiaco, Rodulfus filius eius"[93].  Comte Renaud [I] & his first wife had one child: 

a)         ELISABETH de Nevers (before 1085-after [1120/39]).  The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum records that the daughter of "Guillelmus…[filios]…Renaldum" and his first wife married "Miloni de Curteniaco"[94]The Continuator of Aimon of Fleury records that “Milonem de Cortinaco” married “sorore comitis Nivernensis[95].  "Milo de Curtiniaco" confirmed the donation by "Robertus Bonet" to the priory of Néronville of a grange "apud Lanci", with the consent of "Elisabeth uxor Milonis", by charter dated to [1110/16][96]A charter dated to [1120/39] records donations for the foundation of the abbey of Notre-Dame des Echarlis, including a donation in the presence of "Milo de Curtiniaco et uxor eius Elisabeth et filii eorum Willelmus, Joscelinus, Rainaldus"[97]m [as his second wife,] MILON Seigneur de Courtenay, son of JOSCELIN [I] Seigneur de Courtenay & his first wife Isabelle de Montlhéry (-after 1138, bur Fontaine-Jean). 

Comte Renaud [II] & his second wife had [three] children: 

b)         GUILLAUME [III] de Nevers (-20 Aug 1148).  The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum names "Guillelmum" as the son of "Guillelmus…[filios]…Renaldum" and his second wife, commenting that he succeeded his grandfather[98].  The Libro de Libertate Monasterii Vizeliacensis names "Nivernensis comes Guilelmus filius Gulielmi Cartusiensis filii Renaldi de Hubenc, filii Gulielmi filii Renaldi filii Landrici"[99].  By charter dated to [1089/96], "Wilelmus comes filius Reinaldi comitis" confirmed a donation to the abbey of Molesme by "Willelmus comes Tornodorensis" in praise of "patre suo Wilelmo Nevernensis comite…fratris eius Raynaldi et matris eius", adding "illo majori Wilelmo avo suo"[100].  He succeeded his grandfather in 1100 as Comte de Nevers

-        see below.   

c)         ROBERT de Nevers (-after 1134).  Vicomte de Ligny-le-Château.  Albert of Aix records the arrival of "de civitate Ninive…vulgo…Navers, Willelmus", dated to late 1100 from the context, and his defeat with "Robertus…frater eiusdem comitis" at Heraclea by the Turks who robbed them of all their possessions, dated to Aug 1101[101]m ---.  The name of Robert's wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

i)          GUILLAUME de Nevers (-1164 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.  Vicomte de Ligny-le-Château. 

d)         [--- .  m ---.]  One child: 

i)          HUGUES (-after 1144).  "Hugo nepos comitis" witnessed the charter dated 1144 under which "Willermus Nivernensis comes" donated property to the Premonstrians at Notre-Dame, with the consent of "Ailleldis comitisse uxoris mee, filiorumque nostrorum, Willelmi et Rainaldi"[102].  As the known grandchildren of Guillaume II Comte de Nevers were too young in 1144 to have witnessed this charter, it is assumed that "nepos" is correctly translated as "nephew" in this charter, although no information has yet been found concerning the exact parentage of Hugues. 

2.         GUILLAUME [II] de Nevers (-after 1099).  The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum names "Guillelmum et Renaldum" as the two sons of "Guillelmus…I", stating that Guillaume obtained "curam Tornodori"[103].  Although the wording of this passage suggests that Guillaume was the older son, the charter dated 4 Mar 1063 subscribed by "filii mei Raginaldi, Wilelmi, Rotberti" after "Wilelmus comes"[104] is more likely to show the correct order of birth of the brothers.  He and his brothers are named in their father's 1083 charter[105]Comte de Tonnerre [1090].  The Annales Nivernenses record a conflict in 1099 between "Willelmum comitem iuvenem" and "Aymonem de Borbono", specifying that the latter fled, that many of his knights were killed "in Aligero fluvio", and that Guillaume returned victorious with many captives "4 Non Iun"[106].  A charter dated to [1089/96] recalls a donation to the abbey of Molesme by "Willelmus comes Tornodorensis" in praise of "patre suo Wilelmo Nevernensis comite…fratris eius Raynaldi et matris eius"[107]m ---.  The name of Guillaume's wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had one child:

a)         LUCIE de Nevers .  The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum records the marriage of "Guillelmus Tornodorensis ex propria uxore unam filiam" and "Aimoni Borbonensi"[108].  "Aimo de Borbonio" rights over "boscum…Montdria" in favour of the priory of Montet, with the advice of "uxoris mee Luce", by charter dated to before 1120[109].  A charter dated 6 Sep 1395 recalls that "Aimon de Bourbon, frère d’Archambaud Sire de Bourbon" sold half "du bois de Mondrié" to the monks of Saint-Michel-du-Montet and that later "Aimon", with the consent of "son épouse Lucia", confirmed the transfer of the same property[110].  It is not known whether Lucie was the same person as the daughter of Guillaume Comte de Tonnerre.  m (1099) AIMON [II] "Vaire-Vache" Seigneur de Bourbon, son of ARCHAMBAUD [IV] "le Fort" Seigneur de Bourbon & his wife Béliarde --- (-before 27 Mar 1120). 

3.         ROBERT de Nevers (-12 Feb 1095, bur Nevers Saint-Etienne).  "Filii mei Raginaldi, Wilelmi, Rotberti" subscribed a charter dated 4 Mar 1063 after "Wilelmus comes"[111].  He and his brothers are named in their father's 1083 charter[112]Bishop of Auxerre 1076/1084. 

4.         ERMENGARDE de Nevers (-[14 Oct 1090/1095).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who names [her husband] “Hubertus...vicecomes, gener Willermi Nivernensis comitis[113]"Hubertus vicecomes" donated "capellam…Sancti Floscelli martiris…in urbe Cenomannica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the souls of "uxoris Ermengardis et filiorum suorum Radulfi, Huberti atque Guillelmi", by charter dated to [1080/95], witnessed by "uxor eius Armengardis et filii eorum Radulfus, Hubertus atque Willelmus, Goffridus suus patruus…", and adding that "post mortem patris in tempore quadragesimo…Radulfus cum matre Ermingarde et fratre Huberto Cennomannis" confirmed the donation[114]m (6 Dec 1067) HUBERT Vicomte du Maine, son of RAOUL [IV] Vicomte du Maine & his first wife Emme de Montevrault Dame du Lude (-5 Dec before 1095).

5.         HELVISE de Nevers (-[Feb 1113/18 Apr 1118], bur Noyon[115]).  She, her father and her husband are named by Orderic Vitalis[116].  Orderic Vitalis records the bitter dispute between “Helvisa...comitissa” and “Isabelem de Conchis”, adding that Helvise was “solers...et facunda, sed atrox et avara” and that in war she rode armed like a knight, while Isabelle was “dapsilis et audax atque jocosa...amabilis et grata[117].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Martin de Troarn, including donations by "…Willelmi comitis Ebroicensis et Helewisie uxoris sue…", by charter dated to [1155/57][118]m GUILLAUME "Crespin" Comte d'Evreux, son of RICHARD Comte d'Evreux [Normandy] & his wife Godechildis --- (-18 or 20 Apr 1118, bur Fontenelle, monastery of Saint-Wandrille). 

 

 

GUILLAUME [III] de Nevers, son of RENAUD [II] de Nevers & his second wife Agnes de Baugency (-20 Aug 1148).  The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum names "Guillelmum" as the son of "Guillelmus…[filios]…Renaldum" and his second wife, commenting that he succeeded his grandfather[119].  The Libro de Libertate Monasterii Vizeliacensis names "Nivernensis comes Guilelmus filius Gulielmi Cartusiensis filii Renaldi de Hubenc, filii Gulielmi filii Renaldi filii Landrici"[120].  By charter dated to [1089/96], "Wilelmus comes filius Reinaldi comitis" confirmed a donation to the abbey of Molesme by "Willelmus comes Tornodorensis" in praise of "patre suo Wilelmo Nevernensis comite…fratris eius Raynaldi et matris eius", adding "illo majori Wilelmo avo suo"[121].  He succeeded his grandfather in 1100 as Comte de Nevers, Comte d’Auxerre.  “Willelmus Nivernensis consul” donated property to Saint-Michel de Tonnerre, with the consent of “uxore mea Adelaya comitissa”, by charter dated 1096[122].  "Willelmi comitis" is named in a charter dated 1 May 1100 relating to a donation to Saint-Cyr[123].  An undated Molesme charter names "Guillemus comes Nivernensis pater Rainaldi et Willemi" and states that "post mortem…huius Guillelmi senioris Guillelmus iuvenis filius Rainaldi" succeeded his grandfather "in honore"[124].  Albert of Aix records the arrival of "de civitate Ninive…vulgo…Navers, Willelmus", dated to late 1100 from the context, and his defeat at Heraclea by the Turks who robbed him of all his possessions, dated to Aug 1101,[125].  He was captured in 1115 by Hugues "le Manceau" on the orders of Thibaut IV Comte de Blois, while returning from a mission against Thomas de Marle, and was still held captive in 1119[126].  "Willelmus Nivernensis comes" regulated disputes involving “burgis castelli Sancti Germani” in Auxerre, with the consent of “uxor mea comitissa Adalaida et filius meus Guillelmus”, by charter dated 1121, which names “Willermus comes avus meus[127]"Guillelmus comes Nivernensis, qui fuit natus de filia Lancelini de Baugenciaco" renounced practices which prejudiced the abbey of Saint-Michel, with the approval of “Adalaidis comitissa uxor ipsius…et filii ipsorum Rainaldus et Robertus…Guillelmus filius supradicti comitis”, by charter dated 1134, witnessed by “Oliverius de Nouariis, Gaufredus frater eius, Adam de Nouariis…Hervaudus de Tociaco, Odo frater eius…Joffredus de Tornodoro, Renaudus frater eius…[128].  "Willelmus comes Nivernensis…et filii mei Willelmus et Rainaldus" approved the sale of property by "Hugo de Petrapertusia…Helisabeth uxor mea et Rainaldus frater meus" to the priory of Saint-Etienne by charter dated 1143[129]A charter dated Feb 1223 recalls a donation to La Charité-sur-Loire by “domini Guillelmi comitis Nivernensis…cum duobus filiis meis Vuillelmo et Rainaldo” dated 1143[130]Bernardus Clarevallis...abbas” gave judgment in disputes between Hugues Bishop of Auxerre and “Willelmum comitem Nivernensem” by charter dated 1145[131]He abdicated as Comte in favour of his son in 1146 and retired to La Grande Chartreuse in 1147[132].  The Annales Nivernenses record the death in 1149 of "Guillelmus comes pater, monachus Chartusiæ"[133].  The necrology of the Cathedral of Nevers records the death "XIII Kal Sep" of "Guillermus comes"[134].  The necrology of Auxerre cathedral records the death 21 Aug of "Vuillermus Nivernensis comes", stating that he was a Cartusian monk[135]

m (before 1096) ADELAIS, daughter of --- (-after 1144).  “Willelmus Nivernensis consul” donated property to Saint-Michel de Tonnerre, with the consent of “uxore mea Adelaya comitissa”, by charter dated 1096[136]"Willelmus Nivernensium comes" donated property in the seigneurie of Marigny to the church of Autun with the consent of "Adiladi socia mea comitissa" by charter dated [1112][137]"Willelmus Nivernensis comes" regulated disputes involving “burgis castelli Sancti Germani” in Auxerre, with the consent of “uxor mea comitissa Adalaida et filius meus Guillelmus”, by charter dated 1121[138]"Guillelmus comes Nivernensis, qui fuit natus de filia Lancelini de Baugenciaco" renounced practices which prejudiced the abbey of Saint-Michel, with the approval of “Adalaidis comitissa uxor ipsius…et filii ipsorum Rainaldus et Robertus…Guillelmus filius supradicti comitis”, by charter dated 1134[139]"Willermus Nivernensis comes" donated property to the Premonstrians at Notre-Dame, with the consent of "Ailleldis comitisse uxoris mee, filiorumque nostrorum, Willelmi et Rainaldi", by charter dated 1144[140]

Guillaume [III] & his wife had four children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [IV] de Nevers (-Auxerre 21 Nov 1161, bur Auxerre Saint-Germain).  The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum names "Guillelmum et Renaldum" as the sons of "Guillelmum", son of "Guillelmus…[filius Renaldi]"[141].  He succeeded his father in 1148 as Comte de Nevers, Comte d'Auxerre. 

-        see below.

2.         RENAUD de Nevers (-Laodicea [1148][142]).  The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum names "Guillelmum et Renaldum" as the sons of "Guillelmum", son of "Guillelmus…[filius Renaldi]"[143].  "Willermus Nivernensis comes" donated property to the Premonstrians at Notre-Dame, with the consent of "Ailleldis comitisse uxoris mee, filiorumque nostrorum, Willelmi et Rainaldi", by charter dated 1144[144].  Comte de Tonnerre after 1111.  "Guillelmus comes Nivernensis, qui fuit natus de filia Lancelini de Baugenciaco" renounced practices which prejudiced the abbey of Saint-Michel, with the approval of “Adalaidis comitissa uxor ipsius…et filii ipsorum Rainaldus et Robertus…Guillelmus filius supradicti comitis”, by charter dated 1134[145].  "Willelmus comes Nivernensis…et filii mei Willelmus et Rainaldus" approved the sale of property by "Hugo de Petrapertusia…Helisabeth uxor mea et Rainaldus frater meus" to the priory of Saint-Etienne by charter dated 1143[146]A charter dated Feb 1223 recalls a donation to La Charité-sur-Loire by “domini Guillelmi comitis Nivernensis…cum duobus filiis meis Vuillelmo et Rainaldo” dated 1143[147].  He accompanied Louis VII King of France on the Second Crusade[148]

3.         ROBERT de Nevers (-after 1134).  "Guillelmus comes Nivernensis, qui fuit natus de filia Lancelini de Baugenciaco" renounced practices which prejudiced the abbey of Saint-Michel, with the approval of “Adalaidis comitissa uxor ipsius…et filii ipsorum Rainaldus et Robertus…Guillelmus filius supradicti comitis”, by charter dated 1134[149]

4.         ANNE de Nevers .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitissa Anna…soror comitis Renaldi Nivernensis" as mother of "Robertus [comes Alvernie]"[150]m GUILLAUME [VIII] "le Vieux" Comte d'Auvergne, son of GUILLAUME [VI] Comte d'Auvergne & his wife Emma of Sicily (-[1182]). 

 

 

GUILLAUME [IV] de Nevers, son of GUILLAUME [III] Comte de Nevers & his wife Adela --- (-Auxerre 21 Nov 1161, bur Auxerre Saint-Germain).  The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum names "Guillelmum et Renaldum" as the sons of "Guillelmum", son of "Guillelmus…[filius Renaldi]"[151].  "Willelmus Nivernensis comes" regulated disputes involving “burgis castelli Sancti Germani” in Auxerre, with the consent of “uxor mea comitissa Adalaida et filius meus Guillelmus”, by charter dated 1121[152]"Guillelmus comes Nivernensis, qui fuit natus de filia Lancelini de Baugenciaco" renounced practices which prejudiced the abbey of Saint-Michel, with the approval of “Adalaidis comitissa uxor ipsius…et filii ipsorum Rainaldus et Robertus…Guillelmus filius supradicti comitis”, by charter dated 1134[153]"Guillelmum quoque iuuenum Guillelmi Niuernensis consulis filium" is recorded by Orderic Vitalis as one of the supporters of Geoffroy Comte d'Anjou when he entered Normandy 21 Sep 1137[154]"Willelmus comes Nivernensis…et filii mei Willelmus et Rainaldus" approved the sale of property by "Hugo de Petrapertusia…Helisabeth uxor mea et Rainaldus frater meus" to the priory of Saint-Etienne by charter dated 1143[155]A charter dated Feb 1223 recalls a donation to La Charité-sur-Loire by “domini Guillelmi comitis Nivernensis…cum duobus filiis meis Vuillelmo et Rainaldo” dated 1143[156].  "Willermus Nivernensis comes" donated property to the Premonstrians at Notre-Dame, with the consent of "Ailleldis comitisse uxoris mee, filiorumque nostrorum, Willelmi et Rainaldi", by charter dated 1144[157].  “...Milites, Guillelmus filius supra scripti comitis...” witnessed the charter dated 1145 under which Bernardus Clarevallis...abbas” gave judgment in disputes between Hugues Bishop of Auxerre and “Willelmum comitem Nivernensem[158]He left France with King Louis VII in Jun 1147 on the Second Crusade[159].  He succeeded his father in 1148 as Comte de Nevers, Comte d'Auxerre.  The Historia Vizeliacensis Monasterii names "Nivernensis comes Guillelmus, filius Guillelmi Cartusiensis, filii Renaldi de Hubenc, filii Guillelmi, filii Renaldi, filii Landrici"[160].  It is assumed that he succeeded as Comte de Tonnerre after the death of his brother in [1148], but the primary source which confirms this has not been identified.  The Annales Nivernenses record the death in 1161 of "Wilelmus comes, filius Cartusiensis comitis"[161].  The necrology of the Cathedral of Nevers records the death "XI Kal Dec" of "Guillermus comes Nivernensis"[162].  The Chronicon of Robert canon of St Maria, Auxerre records the death in 1161 of "Guillelmus Nivernensis comes" and his burial "apud Sanctum Germanum"[163].  His burial place is referred to in the charter of "Petrus comes Nivernensis et Agnes comitissa uxor eius" dated 10 Jun 1190, under which they agreed to renounce in favour of Saint-Cyr rights previously held by their predecessors, naming "Willelmus comes sepultus in ecclesia sancti Germani Autissiodonrensis…et filius eius Villelmus qui in Bethleem requiescit"[164]

m (1142 or before) IDA von Sponheim, daughter of ENGELBERT Duke of Carinthia, Marchese of Istria [Sponheim] & his wife Uta von Passau [Ratpotonen] (-25 May 1178, bur Auxerre Saint-Germain).  "W Nivernensium comes" granted taxation rights to the church of Autun with the consent of "Ida cometissa et filius meus Guido…[et] Guillelmus filius meus" by charter dated 1158[165]Her origin is indicated by Guillaume de Champagne Archbishop of Sens, whose mother was Mathilde von Sponheim, referring to her as matertera[166]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitissa Mathildis Campaniensis et uxor Renaldi comitis Nivernensis et comitissa Montis Veteris iuxta Coloniam et mater illorum Romanorum qui Froiepain dicuntur" as sisters of "archiepiscopi Coloniensis Frederici"[167].  In the case of the two sisters named first (of which the wife of Guillaume [IV] de Nevers was one), other sources confirm that they were daughters of Engelbert Marchese of Istria [Duke of Carinthia].  Ascertaining the precise family relationship between all four presumed sisters and Friedrich [I] Archbishop of Köln depends on interpreting apparently contradictory sources which link the archbishop with the Sponheim and Schwarzenberg/Regensberg families, a problem which is discussed in detail in the document KÖLN ARCHBISHOPRIC.  She is named in an 1142 charter of her husband[168].  "Guido comes Nivernensis" donated property to the abbey of Corbigny by charter dated [1171] in which he names "frater meus Willelmus", witnessed by "Ida mater mea" and with the consent of "Mathildis uxor mea"[169]

Comte Guillaume [IV] and his wife had five children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [V] de Nevers ([1145]-Acre 24 Oct 1168, bur Bethlehem).  The Libro de Libertate Monasterii Vizeliacensis names "Nivernensis comes Guilelmus filius Gulielmi Cartusiensis…filius eius Gulielmus"[170].  "Petrus comes Nivernensis et Agnes comitissa uxor eius" agreed to renounce rights previously held by their predecessors, naming "Willelmus comes sepultus in ecclesia sancti Germani Autissiodonrensis…et filius eius Villelmus qui in Bethleem requiescit", in favour of Saint-Cyr by charter dated 10 Jun 1190[171].  He succeeded his father in 1161 as Comte de Nevers, Comte d'Auxerre.  It is assumed that he succeeded as Comte de Tonnerre after the death of his father, but the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not been identified.  "Willelmus comes Nivernis filius Willelmi comitis qui obit Autissiodori" granted concessions to Nevers Saint-Etienne, reserving to himself a certain sum either for the marriage of his daughter ("pro filia sua maritanda"), for his journey to Jerusalem ("pro via Hyerosolimitana"), or if he was ransomed, with the consent of "Wido frater eius", by charter dated 1164[172]The Annales Nivernenses record that in 1164 "Wilelmus comes, filius filii Cartusiensis comitis" captured "Stephanum dominum de Sacro-cesaris" and many of his knights, bringing them back to Nevers[173]"Guillelmus comes Niv." granted concessions to Nevers Saint-Etienne by charter dated 1167[174]William of Tyre records his arrival in Jerusalem in 1168 and his death soon after "nam subito diuturno-languore correptus, post longas corporis molestias"[175].  The Chronicon of Robert canon of St Maria, Auxerre records the death in 1168 without heirs in Palestine of "Guillelmus Nivernensis comes"[176].  "Wido comes Nivernis" confirmed the privileges of the church of St Etienne in Nevers by charter dated 1171 which names "proavus meus Willelmus comes Nivernensis…[et] frater meus Willelmus qui ultra mare obit et requiescit in Bethleem"[177]m (1164) as her second husband, ELEONORE de Vermandois, widow of GODEFROI de Hainaut Comte d’Ostrevant, daughter of RAOUL I “le Vaillant” Comte de Vermandois et de Valois & his second wife Aélis [Petronille] d'Aquitaine ([1148/49]-[19/21] Jun 1213, bur Abbaye de Longpont).  The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Aenoram Radulphi comitis Viromandie filiam" as wife of "Godefridum [filium Alidis comitissa Hanonensis…cum viro Balduino comite]", and in a later passage refers to her subsequent marriages to "Willelmo comiti Nivernensi…[et] Matheo comiti Boloniensi…[et] comiti Bellimontis in Francia Matheo"[178]The chronicle of Robert de Mont-Saint-Michel records that "mortuo Willermo comite Nivernensi ultra mare" his widow "sororem…comitisse Flandrensis" married "Matheus frater Philippi comitis Flandrensium, comes Bolonie"[179].  She claimed the succession to Vermandois on the death of her sister in 1183, and succeeded in 1186 as Ctss de Valois.  She succeeded as ELEONORE Ctss de Vermandois in 1192.  She married thirdly (1171) Mathieu de Lorraine Comte de Boulogne-sur-Mer, and fourthly ([1175]) Mathieu [III] Comte de Beaumont-sur-Oise. 

2.         GUY [I] de Nevers ([1149]-Tonnerre, Yonne 19 Oct 1175)"W Nivernensium comes" granted taxation rights to the church of Autun with the consent of "Ida cometissa et filius meus Guido…[et] Guillelmus filius meus" by charter dated 1158[180].  "Willelmus comes Nivernis filius Willelmi comitis qui obit Autissiodori" granted concessions to Nevers Saint-Etienne, reserving to himself a certain sum either for the marriage of his daughter ("pro filia sua maritanda"), for his journey to Jerusalem ("pro via Hyerosolimitana"), or if he was ransomed, with the consent of "Wido frater eius", by charter dated 1164, confirmed by "Vuido comes Nivernensis" with the consent of "Raynaldus frater meus et uxor mea" by charter dated 1171[181]The Chronicon of Robert canon of St Maria, Auxerre names "Guillelmus Nivernensis comes…Guido frater eius" when recording that he succeeded his brother[182].  He left for Palestine with his brother, returning in [1170][183] when he succeeded as Comte de Nevers, Comte d'Auxerre, Comte de Tonnerre.  "Wido comes Nivernensis" donated property to the abbey of Molesme with the consent of "Ida mater mea et uxor mea Medaldis et Reinaldus frater meus" by charter dated [24 Oct] 1170 which specifies that "Willelmus frater meus" died at Jerusalem[184].  "Wido comes Nivernis" confirmed the privileges of the church of St Etienne in Nevers by charter dated 1171 which names "proavus meus Willelmus comes Nivernensis…[et] frater meus Willelmus qui ultra mare obit et requiescit in Bethleem"[185].  He refused to do homage to Hugues III Duke of Burgundy and was defeated and imprisoned at Beaune in Apr 1174.  The Annales Nivernenses record the death in 1149 of "Guillelmus comes pater, monachus Chartusiæ"[186]Robert of Torigny records the death in 1175 of "comes Nivernensis"[187]The necrology of the Cathedral of Nevers records the death "XIV Kal Nov" of "Guido comes"[188]m (1168) as her second husband, MATHILDE de Bourgogne, widow of EUDES [II] Seigneur d'Issoudun, daughter of RAIMOND de Bourgogne Comte de Grignon, Seigneur de Vitteaux & his wife Agnès de Thiern Dame de Montpensier (1150-17 Dec [1219], bur Abbaye de Fontevraud).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Remundus" as father of "Mathildis comitisse Nivernensis"[189].  She is named without her husband in 1169 (recording the death of her brother-in-law) and with him from 1170.  "Matildis uxor mea" consented to the donation to Jully-les-Nonnains by "Guido comes Nivenensis" by charter dated 1170[190].  "Guido comes Nivernensis" donated property to the abbey of Corbigny by charter dated [1171] in which he names "frater meus Willelmus", witnessed by "Ida mater mea" and with the consent of "Mathildis uxor mea"[191].  She succeeded her father as Ctss de Grignon, Dame de Vitteaux.  She succeeded her mother as Dame de Montpensier.  She succeeded her second husband in 1175 as Ctss de Tonnerre.  She married thirdly (1176) Pierre de Flandre.  "Matilidis comitissa" confirmed a previous donation to Cîteaux by "Agnes mater mea comitissa" for the soul of "patris mei Raimundi" with the consent of "filii mei Odo et Guillermus et Agnes et Ida" by charter dated 1179[192].  She married fourthly ([1177/80], annulled on grounds of consanguinity 1181) as his first wife, Robert [II] de Dreux.  After the annulment of her fourth marriage, she became a nun at Fontevraud.  Comte Guy [I] and his wife had three children: 

a)         AGNES de Nevers ([1169/70]-[Mailly] 2 or 6 Feb 1193).  The Chronologia Roberti Altissiodorenses records that "Guido comes" left two children by his wife "Mathildis", stating that they became wards of the king after their father died[193].  "Matilidis comitissa" confirmed a previous donation to Cîteaux by "Agnes mater mea comitissa" for the soul of "patris mei Raimundi" with the consent of "filii mei Odo et Guillermus et Agnes et Ida" by charter dated 1179[194].  Agnes must have been born soon after her parents' marriage as her own charter dated 1185 refers to her unnamed daughter[195].  She succeeded her brother in 1181 as Ctss de Nevers et d'Auxerre.  "Matildis comitissa" donated property to Cîteaux for the souls of "Guidonis comitis Nivernensis, Petri Flandrensis et Odonis" with the consent of "filie mee Agnes…filia comitis Guidonis et Sibilla filia comitis Petri flandrensis" by charter dated 1182[196].  The Chronologia Roberti Altissiodorenses records that "Philippus Rex" arranged the marriage of "Guidonis Comitis filiam" and "Petro patrueli suo", and installed him as Comte de Nevers[197].  "Petrus comes Nivernensis et Agnes comitissa uxor eiusdem comitis et filia Guidonis comitis" confirmed the privileges of the church of St Etienne, Nevers by charter dated 1185[198].  She succeeded as Ctss de Tonnerre when she and her husband bought Tonnerre from her mother in 1191[199].  "Petrus comes Nivernensis et Agnes comitissa uxor eius" agreed to renounce rights previously held by their predecessors, naming "Willelmus comes sepultus in ecclesia sancti Germani Autissiodonrensis…et filius eius Villelmus qui in Bethleem requiescit", in favour of Saint-Cyr by charter dated 10 Jun 1190[200].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "Non Feb" of "Agnes Nivernensis comitissa"[201][202]Betrothed to OLIVIER "Albus" Seigneur de Grignon, son of --- (-[1181/84]).  m (1184) as his first wife, PIERRE [II] Seigneur de Courtenay, son of PIERRE de France Seigneur de Courtenay & his wife Elisabeth de Courtenay (after 1158-Epirus after Jun 1219).  He succeeded as Comte de Nevers et d'Auxerre in 1184, by right of his first wife.  He was elected in 1216 to succeed his brother-in-law Henri de Flandres as PIERRE I Emperor of Constantinople

b)         GUILLAUME [VI] de Nevers ([1171/75]-17 Oct 1181, bur Abbaye de Saint-Michel).  The Chronologia Roberti Altissiodorenses records that "Guido comes" left two children by his wife "Mathildis", stating that they became wards of the king after their father died[203].  "Matilidis comitissa" confirmed a previous donation to Cîteaux by "Agnes mater mea comitissa" for the soul of "patris mei Raimundi" with the consent of "filii mei Odo et Guillermus et Agnes et Ida" by charter dated 1179[204].  Although Guillaume is named in this document after his sister Agnes, it is likely that he was younger than Agnes in view of her estimated birth date range (see above).  He succeeded his father in 1175 as Comte de Nevers, Comte d'Auxerre.  "Willelmus filius comitis Guidonis" donated property to Jully-les-Nonnains "quondam infirmitate laborans Tornodori" by charter dated 1181, confirmed by "Agnes soror mea…Matildi comitisse Nivernensis feci sigillari…mater mea"[205].  "Mathildis comitissa Nivernensis" donated property to Jully-les-Nonnains for the soul of "Guillelmi filii mei" by charter dated 1182[206]

c)         IDA de Nevers ([1171/75]-before 1181).  "Matilidis comitissa" confirmed a previous donation to Cîteaux by "Agnes mater mea comitissa" for the soul of "patris mei Raimundi" with the consent of "filii mei Odo et Guillermus et Agnes et Ida" by charter dated 1179[207], the position of her name in the document suggesting that she was the younger full sister of Agnes.  She must have died before 1182 as she is not named in her mother's charter of that date which does name her sister Agnes (see above).  It is likely that she died before 1181 as neither is she named in her brother's charter of that date, although it is possible that her name was omitted from that document as she was not the direct heir.  

3.         RENAUD de Nevers (-Acre 5 Aug 1191).  "Regnaudus frater meus" consented to the donation to Jully-les-Nonnains by "Guido comes Nivenensis" by charter dated 1170[208].  "Wido comes Nivernensis" donated property to the abbey of Molesme with the consent of "Ida mater mea et uxor mea Medaldis et Reinaldus frater meus" by charter dated [24 Oct] 1170 which specifies that "Willelmus frater meus" died at Jerusalem[209].  Guy Comte de Nevers donated property to Molesme with the consent of "Mahaut sa femme, Renaud son frère et Ermengeard sa sœur" by charter dated [28 Mar 1171/16 Apr 1172][210].  Seigneur de Decize.  He left for Jerusalem in 1190.  m ALIX de Beaujeu, daughter of HUMBERT [IV] Seigneur de Beaujeu & his wife Agnes de Thiern dame de Montpensier (-17 Dec [1219]).  "R de Niv" granted privileges to the monks of Cluny with the consent of "uxore mea Aalide" by charter dated 1188[211].  "Guichardus Belli Joci dominus" entrusted his daughter Philippa to "sorori nostre quondam de Tournouerre comitisse" in his testament dated 18 Sep 1216[212].  "R[ainaldus] de Niv[ernis]" granted concessions to Cluny "uxore mea Aalide laudante" by charter dated 1188[213].  She became a nun at Fontevraud after her husband died[214]

4.         ADELAIDE de Nevers .  A charter dated 1161 records the settlement between the abbey of Saint-Julien d'Auxerre and "comes Joviniacensis, Rainardus", witnessed by "comitissa Joviniaci, Aalaidis…filia…comitis Nivernensis"[215].  "Adelaidis comitissa Joviniaci" confirmed the donation of property to the abbey of Dilo by "dominus meus Rainardus comes maritus meus" by charter dated 1172[216]m RENARD [IV] Comte de Joigny, son of --- (-[1164/72]). 

5.         ERMENGARDE de Nevers .  Guy Comte de Nevers donated property to Molesme with the consent of "Mahaut sa femme, Renaud son frère et Ermengeard sa sœur" by charter dated [28 Mar 1171/16 Apr 1172][217]

 

 

The connection between the following person and the family of the Comte de Nevers has not been established. 

1.         ADELICIA de Nevers, daughter of --- (-after Oct 1209).  The first wife of Geoffroy [V] Vicomte de Châteaudun is named "Adèle de Nevers" in Europäische Stammtafeln[218] without naming her parents.  Her connection, if any, with the family of the Comtes de Nevers has not been established.  "Gaufridus vicecomes Castriduni" confirmed the foundation of "la chapelle de la Chauvelière", with the consent of "Adelicia uxore mea et Philippo et Hugone filiis meis", by charter dated to [1190][219].  "Adelicia uxore mea…" consented to the donation by "Gaufridus vicecomes Castriduni" to Hôtel-Dieu, Châteaudun by charter dated Feb 1200[220].  "Gaufridus vicecomes Castriduni" freed a serf, with the consent of "Adelicia uxore mea et heredibus meis Gaufrido et Isabella", by charter dated 1202[221].  "Adelicia uxore mea…" consented to the donation by "Gaufridus vicecomes Castriduni" to Hôtel-Dieu, Châteadun by charter dated Oct 1209[222].  "Gaufridus vicecomes Castriduni et…Adelicia vicecomitissa" donated a fair to the priory of Mondoubleau, with the consent of "Gaufrido filio nostro, filiabus nostris Ysabella, Adelicia, Johanna et Agnete", by charter dated May 1213[223]m as his first wife, GEOFFROY [V] Vicomte de Châteaudun, son of HUGUES [V] Vicomte de Châteaudun & his wife Jeanne de Preuilly (-after Nov 1218). 

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de NEVERS (COURTENAY, DONZY, BURGUNDY)

 

 

PIERRE [II] Seigneur de Courtenay, son of PIERRE de France Seigneur de Courtenay & his wife Elisabeth de Courtenay Dame de Courtenay ([1155]-Epirus after Jun 1219).  He succeeded as Comte de Nevers, Comte d'Auxerre in 1184, by right of his first wife.  After his defeat by Hervé de Donzy, following their dispute over the château de Gien, Pierre de Courtenay was confirmed as Comte d'Auxerre, Comte de Tonnerre for life in 1199 but was obliged to cede the county of Nevers, as well as his daughter's hand in marriage, to Hervé.  He was elected in 1216 to succeed his brother-in-law Henri de Flandres as PIERRE I Emperor of Constantinople

m firstly (1184) AGNES Ctss de Nevers, d'Auxerre et de Tonnerre, daughter of GUY [I] Comte de Nevers et d'Auxerre, Seigneur de Tonnerre & his wife Mathilde de Bourgogne, Dame de Montpensier [Capet] ([1170]-[Mailly] 2 or 6 Feb 1193).  The Chronologia Roberti Altissiodorenses records that "Philippus Rex" arranged the marriage of "Guidonis Comitis filiam" and "Petro patrueli suo", and installed him as Comte de Nevers[224].  "Petrus comes Nivernensis et Agnes comitissa uxor eiusdem comitis et filia Guidonis comitis" confirmed the privileges of the church of St Etienne, Nevers by charter dated 1185 which refers to but does not name "filiam nostram"[225].  She and her husband bought Tonnerre from her mother in 1191[226].  "Petrus comes Nivernensis et Agnes comitissa uxor eius" agreed to renounce rights previously held by their predecessors, naming "Willelmus comes sepultus in ecclesia sancti Germani Autissiodonrensis…et filius eius Villelmus qui in Bethleem requiescit", in favour of Saint-Cyr by charter dated 10 Jun 1190[227].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Agnes…unica filia comitis Guidonis Nivernensis" as first wife of "comitis Petris"[228]

m secondly (contract 24 Jul 1193, Soissons 1 Jul 1193) YOLANDE de Flandre, daughter of BAUDOUIN VIII Count of Flanders [BAUDOUIN V Comte de Hainaut] & his wife Marguerite Ctss of Flanders ([1175]-Constantinople 24 or 26 Aug 1219).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1191 names "Elizabeth Francie reginam…Hyolenz uxorem Petri Autisiodorensis et Sibiliam domnam Bellioci uxorem Wichardi" as the three daughters of "Balduinus [Haynaco]"[229].  In a later passage, the same source names "Hyolenz…soror comitis Philippi Namucensis" as wife of "comes Petrus Autisiodorensis", specifying that her husband became Comte de Namur by right of his wife[230].  The Historia Episcoporum Autissiodorensium records that Pierre married "Yolandam sororem Henrici Constantinopolitani Imperatoris" as his second wife after the death of "Agnete uxore sua"[231].  She succeeded as Marquise de Namur in 1213.  She was crowned empress of Constantinople with her husband by the Pope 9 Apr 1217 at Rome[232].  She was appointed regent of the Latin empire of Constantinople after arriving safely at Constantinople by sea in 1217, in the absence of her husband whose fate at that time was unknown.  She was able to stop the attacks of Theodoros Emperor in Nikaia, and arranged his marriage to her daughter Marie to seal the peace which was agreed[233].  Pierre [II] & his first wife had [two] children: 

1.         [daughter (1185-).  "Petrus comes Nivernensis et Agnes comitissa uxor eiusdem comitis et filia Guidonis comitis" confirmed the privileges of the church of St Etienne, Nevers by charter dated 1185 which refers to but does not name "filiam nostram"[234].  It is not known whether this daughter was different from Mathilde.  If she was, she died young as no other reference to her has been found.] 

2.         MATHILDE de Courtenay ([1188]-29 Jul 1257, bur Abbaye de Réconfort, near Monceaux-le-Comte).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Mathildem" as only daughter of "comitis Petris" & his first wife, specifying that she married firstly "Herveio Gaufridi filio de Giam et de Dunzeio" and secondly "comiti Gugoni Forensi"[235].  She succeeded her mother in 1193 as Ctss de Nevers, Ctss d'Auxerre, Ctss de Tonnerre, under the guardianship of her father, who declared himself Comte d'Auxerre, Comte de Tonnerre in 1199.  The Chronologia Roberti Altissiodorenses records the marriage in 1199 of "Petri Comitis Nivernensis filiam" and "Herveo de Giemo"[236].  "Mathildis comitissa Nivernensis" donated property to the abbey of Corbigny by charter dated May 1226 for the soul of "H quondam bone memorie domini et mariti nostri comitis Nivernensis"[237].  "Guido Nivernensis comes et Mathildis comitissa uxor eiusdem comitis" took under their protection a family belonging to Saint-Cyr by charter dated Jan 1229[238].  The necrology of Sens cathedral records the death "IV Kal Aug" of "Matildis comitissa Nivernensis"[239].  The necrology of Nevers Notre-Dame records the death "IV Kal Aug" of "Matildis comitissa Nivernensis"[240][241]Betrothed (1193) to PHILIPPE de Flandre, son of BAUDOUIN VIII Count of Flanders [BAUDOUIN V Comte de Hainaut] & his wife Marguerite Ctss of Flanders (Valenciennes Mar 1174-15 Oct 1212, bur Namur, cathédrale de Saint-Aubin).  m firstly (contract Paris Oct 1199, Papal dispensation 20 Dec 1213) HERVE [IV] Seigneur de Donzy, de Gien et de Saint-Aignan, son of HERVE [III] Seigneur de Donzy et de Gien & his first wife Mathilde Goët Dame de Montmirail (-Château de Saint-Aignan 23 Jan 1222, bur Abbaye de Pontigny near Auxerre).  He disputed possession of the château de Gien with Pierre de Courtenay, but defeated the latter and obliged him to agree to the hand of his daughter as well as the transfer of the county of Nevers.  The arrangement was confirmed by Philippe II King of France in Nov 1199.  "Herveus comes Nivernensis et Mathildis comitissa uxor eiusdem comitis et neptis Guidonis comitis" granted privileges to the church of St Etienne, Nevers by charter dated [1206][242].  His father-in-law invested him as Comte de Tonnerre before leaving France in early 1217 following his appointment as Emperor of Constantinople.  “Herveus comes Nivernensis” confirmed the franchises granted by “Ludovicus...regis Franciæ primogenitus” in “terra...Montismirabilis, Aloye, Bracote, Autoin, Basochie et Froseii”, granted as dower to “filie nostre Agneti cum primogenito dicti Ludovici Philippo in maritagium”, by charter dated Jul 1218[243].  He succeeded his father-in-law in 1219 as Comte d'Auxerre[244].  The necrology of the Cathedral of Nevers records the death "X Kal Feb" of "Herveus comes Nivernensis"[245]m secondly (Jul 1226) as his third wife, GUY [IV] Comte de Forez, son of GUY [III] Comte de Lyon et de Forez [Albon] & his second wife Alix --- (-Castellaneta, Apulia 29 Oct 1241, bur Notre-Dame de Montbrison).  He succeeded as Comte de Nevers in 1226, by right of his wife.  He died while returning from Crusade with Thibaut King of Navarre, Comte de Champagne[246].  Mathilde & her first husband had two children: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Donzy (-[1207/12]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage and betrothal has not been identified.  Betrothed (1207) to BEATRIX de Viennois, daughter of ANDRE Comte d’Albon [Bourgogne-Capet] & his first wife Beatrix de Sabran Ctss de Gap et d'Embrun ([1205]-18 Sep after 1248). 

b)         AGNES de Donzy (-1225).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "comiti Herveo Nivernensi…filia" was betrothed to "Philippo primogenitor domni Ludovici", and that after he died she married "Guido primogenitus Galtheri de Sancti Paolo"[247].  “Herveus comes Nivernensis” confirmed the franchises granted by “Ludovicus...regis Franciæ primogenitus” in “terra...Montismirabilis, Aloye, Bracote, Autoin, Basochie et Froseii”, granted as dower to “filie nostre Agneti cum primogenito dicti Ludovici Philippo in maritagium”, by charter dated Jul 1218[248].  A charter dated Dec 1219 names the guarantors for the marriage of “Hervei comitis Nivernensis…Agnete filia sua"[249].  Dame de Donzy.  The Chronique de Guillaume de Nangis records in 1222 the marriage of the daughter of "Henri comte de Nevers" and "Gui comte de Saint-Paul"[250].  Her daughter was heiress of the county of Nevers.  Betrothed (contract Melun Jul 1215) to PHILIPPE de France, son of LOUIS VIII King of France & his wife Infanta doña Blanca de Castilla (7 Sep 1209-1218, before Jul, bur Notre-Dame de Paris).  m (1221) GUY [I] Comte de Saint-Pol, son of GAUCHER [III] Seigneur de Châtillon-sur-Marne Comte de Saint-Pol & his wife Elisabeth Ctss de Saint-Pol (-killed in battle Aug 1226).  Agnes & her husband had children: 

i)          YOLANDE de Châtillon ([1221/22]-1254).  The estimated birth date of Yolande's first child is [1234/35].  If this is correct (bearing in mind that it would mean that Yolande was no older than 13 when she gave birth), she must have been her parents' first child, born soon after their marriage.  Heiress of the county of Nevers.  m ([30 May 1228]) ARCHAMBAUD de Bourbon, son of ARCHAMBAUD [VIII] "le Grand" Seigneur de Bourbon [Dampierre] & his first wife Guigone de Forez (-Cyprus 15 Jan 1249).  Yolande & her husband had children: 

(a)       MATHILDE de Bourbon ([1234/35]-[Mar/Sep] 1262).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  She succeeded her father in 1249 as Dame de Bourbon.  She succeeded her great-grandmother Mathilde de Courtenay in 1257 as Ctss de Nevers, Ctss d'Auxerre, Ctss de Tonnerre

-         see below

Pierre [II] & his second wife had fourteen children: 

-        see LATIN EMPIRE of CONSTANTINOPLE

 

 

MATHILDE de Bourbon, daughter of ARCHAMBAUD de Bourbon & his wife Yolande de Châtillon ([1234/35]-[Mar/Sep] 1262).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  She succeeded her father in 1249 as Dame de Bourbon.  She succeeded her great-grandmother Mathilde de Courtenay in 1257 as Ctss de Nevers, Ctss d'Auxerre, Ctss de Tonnerre

m (contract Feb 1248) EUDES de Bourgogne, son of HUGUES IV Duke of Burgundy & his first wife Yolande de Dreux Ctss d'Ossone (1230-Acre 4 Aug 1266, bur Acre, cemetery of St Nicolas).  Seigneur de Bourbon 1249, in right of his wife.  Comte de Nevers, d'Auxerre et de Tonnerre 1257-1262, by right of his wife.  Left on Crusade 1265

Eudes de Bourgogne & his wife had children: 

1.         YOLANDE de Bourgogne ([1248/49]-2 Jun 1280, bur Nevers, église Saint-François).  Baronne de Donzy, Dame de Saint-Aignan.  The marriage contract between “Oedes fiuz le Duc de Bourgongne, cuens de Nevers et sires de Bourbon...Yolent nostre ainznée fille” and “Loys...roi de France...monseigneur Iehan son fil” is dated 8 Jun 1258[251].  The marriage contract between “Louis roi de France...Jean de France son fils” and “Yoland fille de Eudes comte de Nevers” is dated Jan 1265[252].  On the death of her mother in 1262, she claimed to succeed to the counties of Nevers, Auxerre and Tonnerre as the eldest daughter, but they were split between the three sisters by arrêt du parlement 1 Nov 1273, under which Yolande became Ctss de Nevers.  She claimed to succeed her grandfather as Duchess of Burgundy in 1272, as the most senior member of the family, but Philippe III King of France, who was appointed arbitrator, found in favour of her uncle Duke Robert II.  The Genealogia Comitum Flandriæ names "Yolendem filiam Odonis comitis Nivernensis et viduam Iohannis filii Ludovici regis Francie" as second wife of "Robertus primogenitus Guidonis", specifying that her husband obtained the county of Nevers by this marriage[253]m firstly (contract Vincennes 8 Jun 1258, contract Saint-Germain-en-Laye Jan 1265, Jun 1265) JEAN “Tristan” de France, son of LOUIS IX King of France & his wife Marguerite de Provence (Damiette, Egypt 8 Apr 1250-Tunis 2 or 3 Aug 1270, bur Saint-Denis).  Comte de Nevers in 1265, by right of his wife.  He claimed to inherit the counties of Auxerre and Tonnerre on the death of his father-in-law.  Comte de Valois et de Crépy Mar 1268.  He died of dysentery on crusade in Tunis.  m secondly (contract Auxerre Mar 1272) as his second wife, ROBERT de Flandre Seigneur de Béthune et de Dendermonde [Termonde], son of Guy de Dampierre Count of Flanders & his first wife Mathilde de Béthune Dame de Béthune ([1249]-Ypres 17 Sep 1322, bur Ypres St Martin, transferred to Ypres Cathedral).  Comte de Nevers, in right of his wife.  He succeeded his father in 1305 as ROBERT III Count of Flanders.  

a)         LOUIS de Flandre (-Paris 24 Jul 1322)The Iohannis de Thilrode Chronicon names "Robertus primogenitus Guydonis, Ludovicus filius"[254]He succeeded his mother in 1280 as Comte de Nevers.  He succeeded in 1290 as Comte de Rethel, by right of his wife.  He was opposed to all concessions to France.  Philippe IV King of France confiscated Nevers and Rethel, and Louis was jailed in 1311. 

i)          LOUIS de Flandre ([1304]-killed in battle Crécy 25 Aug 1346, bur Bruges)The Iohannis de Thilrode Chronicon names "Ludovicus filius Ludovici comitis Nivernensis primogeniti Roberti"[255]He succeeded his father in 1322 as Comte de Nevers et de Rethel, Seigneur de Malines.  He succeeded his paternal grandfather in 1322 as LOUIS I Count of Flanders

(a)       LOUIS de Flandre (Maldegem/Mâle near Bruges 25 Nov 1330-9 Jan 1383 or Lille or St Omer 9 Nov 1384)The Iohannis de Thilrode Chronicon names "Ludovicus…filius fuit Ludovicus dictus de Male"[256]He succeeded his father in 1346 as LOUIS II “de Mâle” Count of Flanders, Comte de Nevers et de Rethel, Comte Palatin de Bourgogne, Comte d'Artois. 

(1)       MARGUERITE de Flandre (Mâle near Bruges 1350, chr 13 Apr 1350-Arras 16 Mar 1405, bur Lille, église Saint-Pierre)The Iohannis de Thilrode Chronicon records the marriage of "filiam comitis nostri Ludovici de Male Margaretam" and "Philippus filius regis Francie"[257]She succeeded her father in 1383 as MARGUERITE III Ctss of Flanders, Ctss d'Artois, Ctss de Nevers and Rethel, Ctss Palatine of Burgundy.  Dss of Brabant and Limburg, Markgravine of Antwerp, Dame de Malines 1404.  m firstly (Papal dispensation 31 Jan 1356, contract Paris 21 Mar 1357, Arras, église Saint-Vaast 14 May 1357, not consummated) PHILIPPE I "de Rouvres" Duke of Burgundy, son of PHILIPPE "Monsieur" de Bourgogne [Capet], Comte d'Artois, Comte Palatin de Bourgogne, Comte d'Auvergne et de Boulogne & Jeanne I Ctss d'Auvergne et de Boulogne (château de Rouvres, Côte d'Or end Aug 1346-château de Rouvres 21 Nov 1361, bur Abbaye de Cîteaux).  m secondly (by proxy 12 Apr 1369, in person Ghent 19 Jun 1369) PHILIPPE II "le Hardi" Duke of Burgundy, son of JEAN II "le Bon" King of France & his first wife Bonne de Luxembourg (Pontoise 15 Jan 1342-Hall 27 Apr 1404, bur Dijon)

-        other children: DUKES of BURGUNDY

 

 

 

C.      COMTES de NEVERS 1404-1500 (VALOIS)

 

 

The primary sources which confirms the parentage and marriages of the following individuals have not been identified, unless otherwise indicated. 

 

 

PHILIPPE de Bourgogne, son of PHILIPPE II "le Hardi" Duke of Burgundy & his wife Marguerite II Ctss of Flanders (Villaines-en-Duesmois Oct 1389-killed in battle Agincourt 25 Oct 1415, bur Estelan near Rethel).  The Iohannis de Thilrode Chronicon names (in order) "Iohannem ducem Burgundie et Flandrie,Anthonium ducem Brabancie, Philippum ducem de Nevers et Reteers" as the three sons of "Philippus filius regis Francie" & his wife[258]Comte de Nevers et de Rethel, Baron de Donzy 1404. 

m firstly (contract 6 Jan 1408, Soissons 23 Apr 1409) ISABELLE de Coucy Ctss de Soissons, daughter of ENGUERRAND [VII] Seigneur de Coucy, Comte de Soissons & his second wife Isabelle de Lorraine (-1411).  The marriage contract between “Philippe comte de Nevers et de Rethel et baron de Donzy” and “sa...cousine damoiselle Isabel de Coucy fille du feu sire de Coucy” is dated 6 Jan 1408[259]

m secondly (contract 10 Mar 1412, Beaumont-en-Artois 20 Jun 1413) as her first husband, BONNE d’Artois, daughter of PHILIPPE d'Artois Comte d'Eu & his wife Marie de Berry (1396-Dijon 17 Sep 1425, bur Dijon).  Père Anselme records her parentage, first marriage, the dates and places of her second marriage and death, and the place of her burial, without citing the corresponding primary sources[260].  The marriage contract between “Philippe de Bourgogne comte de Nevers et de Rethel et baron de Donzy” and “Bonne d’Artois” is dated 10 Mar 1412[261]Regent of Nevers after her first husband's death, until her second marriage.  She succeeded her aunt Jeanne d'Artois Mademoiselle de Dreux as Dame de Houdain.  She married secondly (Moulins-lez-Engelbert 30 Nov 1424) as his second wife, Philippe III "le Bon" Duke of Burgundy (-1467). 

Comte Philippe & his first wife had two children:

1.         PHILIPPE ([1410]-[1411]).  Père Anselme records “Philippe, mort en bas âge”, without citing the corresponding primary source[262]

2.         MARGUERITE ([1411]-[1411/12]).  Père Anselme records “Marguerite de Bourgogne, comtesse de Soissons en partie, morte à l’âge de six mois”, without citing the corresponding primary source[263]

Comte Philippe & his second wife had two children:

3.         CHARLES de Nevers (1414-May 1464, bur Nevers St Cyr).  He succeeded his father in 1415 as Comte de Nevers et de Rethel, Baron de Donzy et de Luzy.  Pair de France 1439.  Betrothed (contract 28 Feb 1442) to MARGUERITE d’Anjou, daughter of RENÉ Duc d’Anjou Duc de Lorraine Titular King of Sicily and Jerusalem & his first wife Isabelle Dss de Lorraine (Pont-à-Mousson, Meurthe-et-Moselle 24 Mar 1430-Château de Dampierre-sur-Loire, Maine-et-Loire 25 Aug 1482, bur Angers Cathédrale Saint-Maurice).  The marriage contract between “Charles de Bourgogne comte de Nevers et de Rethel et baron de Donzy” and “Marguerite d’Anjou, fille de...René roi de Jérusalem et de Sicile, duc d’Anjou, de Bar et de Lorraine” is dated 28 Feb 1442[264]m (Papal dispensation 1 Jan 1455, contract 25 Jun 1455, 11 Jun 1456) MARIE d'Albret, daughter of CHARLES d'Albret Comte de Dreux & his wife Anne d'Armagnac (-after 4 Jan 1485).  Pope Calixtus III issued dispensation for the marriage of “Charles comte de Nevers” and “Marie d’Albret fille de Charles comte d’Albret, sa cousine” dated 1 Jan 1455[265].  The marriage contract between “Charles comte de Nevers et de Rethel” and “Marie d’Albret fille de Charles sgr d’Albret, comte de Dreux et de Gavre et captal de Buch, et de Anne d’Armagnac sa femme” is dated 25 Jun 1455[266]

4.         JEAN de Nevers (Clamecy 25 Oct 1415-Nevers 25 Sep 1491, bur Nevers).  He succeeded his brother in 1464 as Comte de Nevers, de Rethel et d'Etampes, Baron de Donzy et de Luzy, pair de France.  He claimed the county of Eu after the death of his maternal uncle: The Chronique Scandaleuse of Louis XI records the death Jul 1471 of “monseigneur le Conte d’Eu” after which his county “fut mise...en la main du Roy” to the disgust of “monseigneur le Conte de Neuers frere [error for neveu] de mondit seigneur d’Eu” who claimed to succeed “comme son vray heritier[267]Jean de Bourgogne comte de Nevers” divided his succession between the children of “feu sa fille Elisabeth, issue de son premier mariage, femme de Jean duc de Clèves” and “Charlotte sa fille du second lit, mariée au sgr d’Orval”, the former inheriting his rights to the “duchés de Brabant, Lothier et Limbourg sgrie d’Anvers et des terres d’outre-Meuse” while Charlotte inherited “tous les biens qu’il avoit en France”, by charter dated 1 Apr 1486[268].  A charter dated 14 May 1488 records that, despite the marriage contract between “Jean d’Albret sire d’Orval” and “Jean de Bourgogne comte de Nevers...[sa fille] Charlotte de Bourgogne”, the former consented to his wife’s father enjoying “la comté d’Eu...[269].  Governor of Picardie.  m firstly (Amiens 24 Nov 1435) JACQUELINE d'Ailly heiress of Engelmunster, daughter of RAOUL d'Ailly Seigneur de Pequigny Vidame d'Amiens & his wife Jacqueline de Béthune (-1470).  She is named in the marriage contract of her daughter Elisabeth dated 25 Mar 1455 (see below).  m secondly (contract Boussac 30 Aug 1471) PAULE de Brosse, daughter of JEAN [II] de Brosse Comte de Penthièvre & his wife Nicole de Châtillon-Blois (-[Nevers] 9 Aug 1479).  Père Anselme notes her testament dated 23 May 1479[270]m thirdly (contract Château de Chebus-Cherol, Limousin 3 Mar 1479, Papal dispensation 22 Apr 1479, 11 Mar 1480) FRANÇOISE d'Albret, daughter of ARNAUD AMANIEU d'Albret-Orval & his wife Isabelle de La Tour (-Donzy 20 Mar 1521).   The marriage contract between “Jehan duc de Brabant, comte de Nevers” and “Françoise d’Albret fille de feu Arnaud Amenjeu d’Albret baron d’Orval et de Isabelle de la Tour fille de feu le comte de Bologne, sœur de Jean d’Albret sgr d’Orval et de Gabriel d’Albret sgr de l’Esparre” is dated 3 Mar 1479[271].  Pope Sixtus IV issued dispensation for the marriage of “Jean de Bourgogne comte de Nevers” and “Françoise d’Albret, sa parente aux 3ème et 4ème degrés” dated 22 Apr 1479[272].  Count Jean & his first wife had two children:

a)         ELISABETH de Nevers ([1439]-21 Jun 1483).  The marriage contract between “Jean duc de Clèves et comte de la Mark” and “Elisabeth de Bourgogne, fille de Jean de Bourgogne comte d’Estampes et sgr de Dourdan, et de Jacqueline d’Ailly sa femme” is dated 25 Mar 1455[273].  Heiress of Nevers and Eu.  “Jean de Bourgogne comte de Nevers” divided his succession between the children of “feu sa fille Elisabeth, issue de son premier mariage, femme de Jean duc de Clèves” and “Charlotte sa fille du second lit, mariée au sgr d’Orval”, the former inheriting his rights to the “duchés de Brabant, Lothier et Limbourg sgrie d’Anvers et des terres d’outre-Meuse” while Charlotte inherited “tous les biens qu’il avoit en France”, by charter dated 1 Apr 1486[274]m (contract Bruges 25 Mar 1455, Bruges 22 Apr 1455) JOHANN I Duke of Kleve, son of ADOLF Duke of Kleve & his second wife Marie de Bourgogne [Valois-Capet] (Kleve 16 Feb 1419-5 Sep 1481). 

b)         PHILIPPE de Nevers ([1446]-Brussels 1452).  Père Anselme records “Philippe, mort à Bruxelles âgé de 5 ans et demi en 1452”, without citing the corresponding primary source[275]

Count Jean & his second wife had one child:

c)         CHARLOTTE de Nevers ([1472]-Château de Meillan-en-Berry 23 Aug 1500, bur Château de Meillan-en-Berry).  The marriage contract between “Charles comte d’Angoulême, sgr d’Epernay et de Romorantin” and “Charlotte fille du comte de Nevers” is dated 31 Dec 1481[276].  “Jean de Bourgogne comte de Nevers” divided his succession between the children of “feu sa fille Elisabeth, issue de son premier mariage, femme de Jean duc de Clèves” and “Charlotte sa fille du second lit, mariée au sgr d’Orval”, the former inheriting his rights to the “duchés de Brabant, Lothier et Limbourg sgrie d’Anvers et des terres d’outre-Meuse” while Charlotte inherited “tous les biens qu’il avoit en France”, by charter dated 1 Apr 1486[277].  A charter dated 14 May 1488 records that, despite the marriage contract between “Jean d’Albret sire d’Orval” and “Jean de Bourgogne comte de Nevers...[sa fille] Charlotte de Bourgogne”, the former consented to his wife’s father enjoying “la comté d’Eu...[278].  Ctss de Rethel 1491.  Betrothed (31 Dec 1481) to CHARLES d'Orléans Seigneur d’Epernay et de Romorantin [later Comte d'Angoulême et de Périgord], son of JEAN d’Orléans Comte d'Angoulême et de Périgord & his wife Marguerite de Rohan (1459-Châteauneuf-en-Angoûmois, Charente 1 Jan 1496, bur Angoulême Cathédrale Saint-Pierre).  m (15 Apr 1486) JEAN d'Albret Seigneur d'Orval, son of ARNAUD AMANIEU d’Albret Seigneur d’Orval & his wife Isabelle de La Tour (-10 May 1524). 

Jean had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:    

d)         JEAN .  Monk at Nevers.  

e)         GERARD (-after 1476).  Chevalier de Rhodes 1476.

Jean had two illegitimate children by MARGUERITE van Gistel, daughter of ---.

f)          PIERRE de Nevers .  Legitimated 24 Jan 1479.  

g)         PHILIPPE de Nevers (-Cloister Bethlehem-lèz-Mézières 1522, bur Bethlehem-lèz-Mézières).  Legitimated Nov 1473.  Seigneur de Rosoy.  Governor of Rethel.  m MARIE de Roye, daughter of JEAN [II] de Roye Seigneur de Beausault et de Busancy & his first wife Blanche de Brosse (-1480, bur Bethlehem-lèz-Mézières)).   Philippe & his wife had one child: 

i)          FRANÇOISE de Nevers (1480-1527).  Dame de Rosoy.  m PHILIPPE de Halluin Seigneur de Piennes et de Maignelers, son of LOUIS de Halluin Seigneur de Piennes & his wife --- (-1517). 

Comte Philippe had one illegitimate child by MARIE d'Albret, daughter of ---.

5.          GUILLAUME Miraillet (-after 1466).  Legitimated 1463.  

Comte Philippe had one illegitimate child by BONNE de Saulieu, daughter of ---.

6.          JEAN (-Nevers after 1478).  Legitimated 1463.  

Comte Philippe had two illegitimate children by YOLANDE Le Long, daughter of ---.

7.          ADRIENNE (-after 1466).  Legitimated 1463.  m firstly CLAUDE de Rochefort Seigneur de Chatillon-en-Bazois, son of ---.  m secondly JACQUES de Clugny Seigneur de Meneserre, son of ---.

8.          PHILIPPE .  1463.  Monk at Nevers. 

 

 

 

D.      COMTES de NEVERS 1500-1538, DUC de NEVERS 1538-1563 (KLEVE)

 

 

The reconstruction of the Comtes de Nevers from the Kleve family has been copied from published secondary sources which appear to be reliable.  The information has not been verified against primary source documentation, unless otherwise stated.

 

 

ENGELBERT von Kleve, son of JOHANN I Duke of Kleve & his wife Elisabeth de Nevers [Bourgogne-Valois] (Kleve 26 Sep 1462-21 Nov 1506, bur Nevers Franciscan Church)Comte de Nevers

m (contract Aigueperse 25 Feb [1489/90]) CHARLOTTE de Bourbon, daughter of JEAN de Bourbon Comte de Vendôme & his wife Isabelle de Beauvau (1474-Fontevraud abbey 14 Dec 1520, bur Fontevraud).  Père Anselme records her marriage contract dated 23 Feb 1489 (O.S./N.S.?)[279].  She is named in the marriage contract of her son Charles dated 23 Apr 1505 (see below). 

Engelbert & his wife had four children: 

1.         ENGELBERT (-Paris 16 Feb 1491, bur Paris Grand-Augustins). 

2.         CHARLES (-Paris Louvre 17 Aug 1521, bur Nevers Franciscan Church)Comte de Nevers et de Rethel.  m (25 Jan 1504, contract Donzy 23 Apr 1505) MARIE d’Albret Ctss de Rethel, daughter of JEAN d’Albret Seigneur d’Orval, Comte de Rethel & his wife Charlotte de Nevers (25 Mar 1491-Paris 27 Oct 1549, bur Nevers Franciscan Church).  The marriage contract between “Charles de Clèves” (with the consent of “Angilbert comte de Nevers et d’Eu son frère [error for père]” and “Charlotte de Bourbon sa mère”) and “Marie d’Albret” (with the consent of “Jean d’Albret comte de Rethel, sgr d’Orval”) is dated 23 Apr 1505[280].  Charles & his wife had one child: 

a)         FRANÇOIS (Cussy-sur-Loire 2 Sep 1516-Nevers 13 Feb 1562).  He succeeded his father in 1521 as Comte de Nevers et de Rethel, Comte d’Eu.  He was created Duc de Nevers at Paris in Jan 1538.  m firstly (Paris 19 Jan 1538) MARGUERITE de Bourbon, daughter of CHARLES de Bourbon Duc de Vendôme & his wife Françoise d’Alençon (Nogent 26 Oct 1516-Château de La Chapelle d’Angillon en Berry 20 Oct 1589, bur Nevers cathedral).  m secondly (2 Oct 1560) as her second husband, MARIE de Bourbon Duchesse d’Estouteville, widow of JEAN de Bourbon Comte de Soissons et d’Enghien, daughter of FRANÇOIS de Bourbon Duc d’Estouteville, Comte de Saint-Pol et de Chaumont & his wife Adrienne d’Estouteville Duchesse d’Estouteville (La Fère en Picardie 30 May 1539-Pontoise 7 Apr 1601, bur Valmont).  She married thirdly (contract 2 Jul 1563) Léonor d’Orléans Duc de Longueville.  François & his first wife had six children: 

i)          FRANÇOIS (31 Mar 1540-killed in battle Dreux 10 Jan 1563).  He succeeded his father in 1562 as Duc de Nevers, Comte d’Eu.  m (contract Saint-Germain 6 Sep 1561) ANNE de Bourbon, daughter of LOUIS de Bourbon Duc de Montpensier & his first wife Jacqueline de Longwy Ctss de Bar-sur-Seine (-Nov 1572). 

ii)         HENRIETTE (la Chapelle d’Anguillon 31 Oct 1542-Paris 26 Jun 1601, bur Nevers Cathedral).  Dame d’Ingelmunster, de Pont-Rohart, de Vive-Saint-Eloy et de Baye.  Ctss de Beaufort 1563.  Duchesse de Nevers 1566.  m (Moulins 4 Mar 1566) LODOVICO Gonzaga Prince of Mantua, son of FEDERIGO II Gonzaga Duke of Mantua & his wife Margherita di Monferrato (22 Oct 1539-Nesle-en-Picardie 25 Oct 1595, bur Nevers Cathedral).  He was created Comte de Rethel 27 Oct 1563, Duc de Nevers 2 Mar 1566.  Duc de Rethel 1581.  

iii)        JACQUES (1 Oct 1544-Montigny near Lyon 6 Sep 1564).  Seigneur d’Orval.  Marquis d’Isle 1560.  He succeeded his brother in 1563 as Duc de Nevers, Comte d’Eu, Comte de Rethel.  m (contract 6 Jan 1558) as her first husband, DIANE de la Marck, daughter of ROBERT [IV] de la Marck Duc de Bouillon, Maréchal de France, Seigneur de Sedan & his wife Françoise de Brezé Ctss de Maulévrier (16 Jun 1544-after 2 May 1612).  She married secondly (17 May 1570) Henri de Clermont Vicomte de Taillard, and thirdly (7 Dec 1579) Jean Babou Comte de Sagonne

iv)        HENRI (-1564).  Comte d’Eu. 

v)         CATHERINE (1548-Paris 11 May 1633, bur Eu).  Ctss d’Eu 1566.  m firstly (contract 4 Oct 1560) ANTOINE de Croÿ Marquis de Raynel, son of CHARLES de Croÿ Comte de Porcien & his wife Françoise d’Amboise ([1540/41]-Paris 5 May 1567).  Comte d’Eu, de iure uxoris.  Prince de Porcien 1561.  m secondly (Paris 4 Oct 1570) HENRI Duc de Guise, son of FRANÇOIS Duc de Guise [Lorraine] & his wife Anna d’Este Pss of Ferrara (31 Dec 1550-murdered Château de Blois 23 Dec 1588). 

vi)        MARIE (1553-Paris 30 Oct 1574, Nevers, église dees Récollets).  Marquise d’Isle, Ctss de Beaufort en Champagne, Vicomtesse de Saint-Florentain 1566.  m (Château de Blandy Jul 1572, Paris Saint-Germain-des-Prés 4 Dec 1572) as his first wife, HENRI [I] de Bourbon Prince de Condé, son of LOUIS de Bourbon Prince de Condé & his first wife Eléonore de Roye (Château de la Ferté-sous-Jouarre 29 Dec 1552-Saint-Jean d'Angély 5 Mar 1588, bur Valléry). 

3.         LOUIS (-24 Sep 1545, bur Nevers Franciscan Church).  Comte d’Auxerre.  Betrothed to HELENE d’Albret, daughter of JEAN d’Albret Seigneur d’Orval, Comte de Rethel & his wife Charlotte de Nevers (Montrond 16 Jul 1495-Donzy 28 Oct 1519).  Père Anselme records her betrothal to Louis Comte d’Auxerre [Kleve] and the date and place of her death before her marriage[281]m (contract 11 Jun 1542) as her third husband, CATHERINE d’Amboise, widow firstly of CHRISTOPHE de Tournon, and secondly of PHILIBERT de Beaujeu Seigneur d’Amplepuis et de Linières [Forez], daughter of CHARLES [I] d’Amboise Seigneur de Chaumont-sur-Loire & his wife Catherine de Chauvigny (-1 Jan 1550). 

4.         FRANÇOIS (-1545).  Prior of Saint-Eloi, Paris. 

 

 

 

E.      DUCS de NEVERS 1563-1659 (GONZAGA)

 

 

The reconstruction of the Comtes de Nevers from the Gonzaga family has been copied from published secondary sources which appear to be reliable.  The information has not been verified against primary source documentation, unless otherwise stated.

 

 

LODOVICO Gonzaga Prince of Mantua, son of FEDERIGO II Gonzaga Duke of Mantua & his wife Margherita di Monferrato (22 Oct 1539-Nesle-en-Picardie 25 Oct 1595, bur Nevers Cathedral)He was created Comte de Rethel 27 Oct 1563, Duc de Nevers 2 Mar 1566.  Duc de Rethel 1581. 

m (Moulins 4 Mar 1565) HENRIETTE de Clève Ctss de Beaufort, daughter of FRANÇOIS Duc de Nevers & his first wife Marguerite de Bourbon (la Chapelle d’Anguillon 31 Oct 1542-Paris 26 Jun 1601, bur Nevers Cathedral).  Dame d’Ingelmunster, de Pont-Rohart, de Vive-Saint-Eloy et de Baye.  Ctss de Beaufort 1563.  Duchesse de Nevers 1566. 

Lodovico & his wife had five children: 

1.         CATHERINE de Nevers (21 Jan 1568-Paris 1 Dec 1629, bur Carmélites de la rue Chapon, Paris)Dame de Coulommiersm (contract Paris 28 Feb 1588, in person Paris 1 Mar 1588) HENRI d’Orléans Duc de Longueville, son of LEONOR d’Orléans Duc de Longueville & his wife Marie de Bourbon Duchesse d’Estouteville (1568-Amiens 29 Mar/8 Apr 1595, bur Châteaudun Sainte-Chapelle). 

2.         HENRIETTE de Nevers (3 Sep 1571-3 Jul 1614)m (1599) HENRI de Lorraine-Mayenne, son of CHARLES de Lorraine Duc de Mayenne & his wife Henriette de Savoie (Dijon 20 Dec 1578-killed in battle Montauban 17 Sep 1621, bur Aiguillon).  He succeeded his father in 1611 as Duc de Mayenne. 

3.         FREDERIC de Nevers (11 Mar 1573-22 Apr 1574). 

4.         FRANÇOIS de Nevers (17 Sep 1576-13 Jun 1580). 

5.         CHARLES de Nevers (6 May 1580-21 Sep 1637).  He succeeded his father in 1595 as Duc de Nevers, Prince d’Arches.  He succeeded in 1630 as CARLO I Duke of Mantua

-        DUKES of MANTUA

                                 

 

 

F.      DUCS de NEVERS 1659-1769 (MAZZARINO/MAZARIN, MANCINI)

 

 

The reconstruction of the Comtes de Nevers from the Mazarin family, and their close connections, has been copied from published secondary sources which appear to be reliable, mainly for hyperlinking to other families studied in Medieval Lands.  The information has not been verified against primary source documentation, unless otherwise stated.

 

 

1.         PIETRO Mazzarino (Palermo [1576]-Rome 14 Nov 1654).  m ORTENSIA Bufalini, daughter of OTTAVIO Bufalini & his wife Francesca de Bellon (1575-1644).  Pietro & his wife had four children: 

a)         GIULIO RAIMONDO Mazzarino (Pescina 14 Jul 1602-Vincennes 9 Mar 1661).  Bishop of Metz.  Cardinal 1641.  He bought the duchy of Nevers in 1659 from Carlo II Gonzaga Duke of Mantua.  Duc de Nevers 1660. 

b)         MICHELE Mazzarino (1607-Rome 1 Sep 1648).  Archbishop of Aix 1645.  Cardinal 1647.  Viceroy of Catalonia 1647. 

c)         LAURA MARGHERITA Mazzarino (1608-1685).  m conte GEROLAMO Martinozzi, son of ---.  Gerolamo & his wife had two children: 

i)          ANNA MARIA Martinozzi (Rome 1637-Paris, Hôtel de Conti 4 Feb 1672, bur Paris Saint-André des Arts)m (contract Paris, Le Louvre 21 Feb 1654, in person Paris Saint-Germain l’Auxerrois 22 Feb 1654) ARMAND de Bourbon Prince de Conti, son of HENRI [II] de Bourbon Prince de Condé & his wife Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency (Paris 11 Oct 1629-Château de la Grange des Prés, near Pézenas 21 Feb 1666, bur Chartreuse de Villeneuf les Avignon)

ii)         LAURA Martinozzi (Fano 1639-Rome 19 Jul 1687, bur Rome, convent of the Visitazione)m (Compiègne 13 Feb or 27 May 1655) ALFONSO d’Este, son of FRANCESCO I d’Este Duke of Modena & his first wife Maria Caterina Farnese Pss of Parma (Modena 13 Feb 1634-Modena 16 Jul 1662, bur Modena San Vicenzo).  He succeeded his father 1658 as ALFONSO IV Duke of Modena and Reggio. 

d)         GERONIMA Mazzarino (Rome 5 Dec 1614-Paris 29 Dec 1656)m (contract 6 Aug 1634) MICHELE LORENZO Mancini, son of PAOLO Mancini & his wife Vittoria Capoccia (-before 5 Jul 1657). 

 

 

Père Anselme sets out the paternal ancestry of Michele Lorenzo Mancini[282]

 

1.         MICHELE LORENZO Mancini, son of PAOLO Mancini & his wife Vittoria Capoccia (-before 5 Jul 1657)m (contract 6 Aug 1634) GERONIMA Mazzarino, daughter of PIETRO Mazzarino & his wife Ortensia Bufalini (Rome 5 Dec 1614-Paris 29 Dec 1656).  Michele Lorenzo & his wife had children: 

a)         LAURA Mancini (1636-Paris 8 Feb 1657, bur convent of the Capucins Paris)m (Paris 4 Feb 1651) LOUIS de Vendôme Duc de Vendôme, son of CESAR de Bourbon Duc de Vendôme & his wife Françoise de Lorraine Duchesse de Mercœur et de Penthièvre (Paris Dec 1612-Aix-en-Provence 6 Aug 1669, bur église collégiale Saint-Georges, Vendôme). 

b)         OLIMPIA Mancini (-Brussels 9 Oct 1708)m (Paris 21 Feb 1657) EUGENE MAURICE de Savoie Comte de Soissons, son of THOMAS FRANÇOIS de Savoie Principe di Carignano & his wife Marie de Bourbon-Soissons (Chambéry 3 May 1635-Wua, Westphalia 7 Jun 1673).  

c)         MARIA Mancini (Rome 1639-Pisa 1715).  m (Paris 11 Apr 1661) LORENZO ONOFRIO Colonna Duca di Tagliacozzo, son of MARCANTONIO Colonna Duca e Principe di Paliano & his wife donna Isabella Gioieni (Lanuvio 19 Apr 1637-Rome 15 Apr 1689). 

d)         FILIPPO GIULIANO Mancini-Mazarini (Rome 26 May 1641-Paris 8 May 1707).  He succeeded his maternal uncle in 1661 as Duc de Nevers, confirmed by Louis XIV King of France 1676.  m (15 Dec 1670) DIANE GABRIELLE de Damas de Thianges, daughter of CLAUDE LEONOR de Damas Marquis de Thianges & his wife Gabrielle de Rochechouart-Mortemart (-11 Jan 1715).  Filippo Giuliano & his wife had children: 

i)          PHILIPPE JULES FRANÇOIS Mancini-Mazarini (1676-1769).  Duc de Nevers 1720.  m (Jun 1709) MARIA ANNA Spinola, daughter of GIANBATTISTA Spinola Principe di Vergagne & his wife Marie Françoise di Bois de Lezines.  Philippe Jules François & his wife had one child: 

(a)       LOUIS JULES Mancini-Mazarin (16 Dec 1716-Paris 25 Feb 1798).  Prince de Vergagne.  Duc de Nivernais. 

e)         ORTENSIA Mancini (Rome 6 Jun 1646-Chelsea 2 Jul 1699).  m (28 Feb 1661) ARMAND CHARLES de la Porte de la Meilleraye Duc de Rethelois-Mazarini, son of CHARLES de la Porte Duc de la Meilleraye & his first wife Marie Ruzé-Dessiat. 

f)          MARIA ANNA Mancini (Rome 1649-Paris 21 Jun 1714)m (Paris Le Louvre 20 Apr 1662) GODEFROI MAURICE de la Tour Duc de Bouillon, son of FREDERIC MAURICE de la Tour Duc de Bouillon & his wife Eléonore Catherine Fébronie de Berghes (21 Jun 1641-25 Jul 1721, bur Evreux). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    NOBILITY in NEVERS

 

 

 

A.      SEIGNEURS de CHÂTILLON-en-BAZOIS

 

 

Châtillon-en-Bazois was located near Château-Chinon in the eastern part of the county of Nevers.  Primary sources which record later members of this family until the mid-15th century are quoted by Du Chesne[283]

 

 

1.         RENAUD (-after 2 Sep 1038).  "Rainaldus Castellionensis dominus" donated property “in pago Atoriensi super fluvium...Norgia mansum cum ecclesia...sancti Juliani” to Saint-Bénigne de Dijon on becoming a monk, with the consent of “conjuge mea Helisabet et filio nostro Humberto”, by charter dated 2 Sep 1038[284].  The editor of the cartulary identifies the donor as Seigneur de Châillon-en-Bazois.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records donations by "Renaldus dominus Castellionis et eius uxor Elizabet cum filio Humberto"[285]m ELISABETH, daughter of --- (-after 1038).  "Rainaldus Castellionensis dominus" donated property “in pago Atoriensi super fluvium...Norgia mansum cum ecclesia...sancti Juliani” to Saint-Bénigne de Dijon on becoming a monk, with the consent of “conjuge mea Helisabet et filio nostro Humberto”, by charter dated 2 Sep 1038[286].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records donations by "Renaldus dominus Castellionis et eius uxor Elizabet cum filio Humberto"[287].  Renaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUMBERT .  "Rainaldus Castellionensis dominus" donated property “in pago Atoriensi super fluvium...Norgia mansum cum ecclesia...sancti Juliani” to Saint-Bénigne de Dijon on becoming a monk, with the consent of “conjuge mea Helisabet et filio nostro Humberto”, by charter dated 2 Sep 1038[288].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records donations by "Renaldus dominus Castellionis et eius uxor Elizabet cum filio Humberto"[289]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Châtillon[-en-Bazois] (-after Sep 1215).  “Theobaldus de Castello nouo” swore allegiance to Thibaut IV Comte de Champagne for “castellum...de Selli”, except for his obligations towards “domini mei comitis Burgundiæ et...Guillermi de Castellione avunculi mei”, for “maritagio uxoris suæ...post decessum...Margaretæ uxoris Galteri de Auesnis” by charter dated Nov 1211[290].  “Theobaldus de Castello-novo” swore homage to Thibaut Comte de Troyes for “castellum mei de Selli”, except as liege of “Guillelmi de Castellione avunculi mei”, by charter dated Sep 1215[291]

 

2.         COLIN de Châtillon (-after Feb 1233).  Thibaut Comte de Champagne and Guy Comte de Nevers appointed “fideles nostros P. Goynum et Colinum de Castellione” as arbitrators in a dispute involving “feodo de Revigny et de feodo de Estorviaco” by charter dated Nov 1229[292].  Guy Comte de Nevers acknowledged a debt owed to "Colin et Lambert de Châtillon..." by charter dated Feb 1233 (O.S.)[293]

 

3.         LAMBERT de Châtillon (-after Feb 1233).  Guy Comte de Nevers acknowledged a debt owed to "Colin et Lambert de Châtillon..." by charter dated Feb 1233 (O.S.)[294]

 

4.         --- de Châtillonm ELISABETH, daughter of --- (-before Jun 1209).  Odo dominus de Castellione” donated “stagnum de Roy” to Bellevaux abbey, with the consent of “fratribus meis Guillelmo et Roberto militibus et A. uxore mee”, for the soul of “pie memorie Helisabeth matris mee”, by charter dated Jun 1209[295].  Three children: 

a)         EUDES [I] de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-before 1233)Seigneur de Châtillon-en-Bazois.  “Odo dominus de Castellione” donated “stagnum de Roy” to Bellevaux abbey, with the consent of “fratribus meis Guillelmo et Roberto militibus et A. uxore mee”, for the soul of “pie memorie Helisabeth matris mee”, by charter dated Jun 1209[296]Jacques de Vitry Bishop of Acre, in his account of the siege of Damieta, names “...Odo de Castellione...” among those captured in 1219[297]m firstly ALIX de Chaumont, daughter of HUGUES de Chaumont-sur-Loire Seigneur de Jaligny & his wife Marguerite --- (-after Jan 1220).  “Odo dominus de Castellione” donated “stagnum de Roy” to Bellevaux abbey, with the consent of “fratribus meis Guillelmo et Roberto militibus et A. uxore mee”, for the soul of “pie memorie Helisabeth matris mee”, by charter dated Jun 1209[298].  Dame de Jaligny.  Alix domina de Castellione”, as administrator for “mariti mei...in transmarinis partibus existensis”, issued a charter dated Jan 1220 relating to a dispute involving “castri Ialligniaci[299]m secondly ALIX de Glenne Dame de la Roche-Milay et de Glenne, daughter of --- (-after Aug 1233).  "Aaliz domina Glane" donated property to the church of Autun, with the consent of "Odonis domini Castellionis filii mei", by charter dated Aug 1233[300].  Eudes [I] & his first wife had three children: 

i)          HUGUES de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-after 1257)Seigneur de Châtillon-en-BazoisSeigneur de Jaligny.  "Hugues de Châtillon sire de Jaligny" sold revenue promised by "Archambaud sire de Bourbon" on his marriage to "Isabelle fille de Guillaume de Mello", in exchange granting his wife "sa maison et terre de Billizois", by charter dated Feb 1234 (O.S.)[301]m (before Feb 1235) ISABELLE de Mello, daughter of GUILLAUME de Mello Seigneur de Saint-Bris & his wife Elisabeth ---.  "Hugues de Châtillon sire de Jaligny" sold revenue promised by "Archambaud sire de Bourbon" on his marriage to "Isabelle fille de Guillaume de Mello", in exchange granting his wife "sa maison et terre de Billizois", by charter dated Feb 1234 (O.S.)[302].  Hugues & his wife had four children: 

(1)       ISABELLE de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-after 1255).  Her marriage and family origin are confirmed by the testament of "Robertus dominus Montisgasconis", dated May 1255, which grants "castris meis de Montredunt et de Grangiis…et…in villa de Anaziaco et de Chapas et de Jozan" to any son who might be born posthumously to "Ysabellis uxor mea filia domini de Jaliniaco" who was pregnant at the time[303].  The chronology of the life of Isabelle de Jaligny, daughter of Hugues who married firstly Guy de Châteauvillain (see below), shows the improbability of her being the same person as Hugues’s daughter who married Robert Seigneur de Montgascon.  It is likely that the older Isabelle died soon after her husband, and that the younger Isabelle was born soon afterwards.  m as his second wife, ROBERT Seigneur de Montgascon, son of --- (-after May 1255). 

(2)       HUGUES de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-1296). 

(3)       JEAN de Jaligny .  The marriage contract between "Jehans sires de Chatiauvillain et de Luzi…Guiot sun fil" and "Guillaumes de Geligneys Chantres d’Auceurre…Ysabel fille jadis Huguon seigneur de Geligney et niece dudit Chantre" is dated end-Jun 1276, and names "Jehan de Geligney sun frere"[304]

(4)       ISABELLE de Jaligny ([after 1255]-1 Oct 1297, bur Saint-André).  The chronology of the life of Isabelle de Jaligny, daughter of Hugues who married firstly Guy de Châteauvillain, shows the improbability of her being the same person as Hugues’s daughter who married Robert Seigneur de Montgascon (see above).  It is likely that the older Isabelle died soon after her husband, and that the younger Isabelle was born soon afterwards.  The marriage contract between "Jehans sires de Chatiauvillain et de Luzi…Guiot sun fil" and "Guillaumes de Geligneys Chantres d’Auceurre…Ysabel fille jadis Huguon seigneur de Geligney et niece dudit Chantre" is dated end-Jun 1276, and names "Jehan de Geligney sun frere"[305].  The marriage contract between "Robertus comes Clarimontensis Delphinus Alverniæ" and "domina Ysabellis domina Jalenhiaci et Luziaci" is dated 27 May 1289[306].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death "Kal Oct" 1297 of "domina Ysabellis domina Jaliniaci et comitissa Claromontis"[307]m firstly (contract Jun 1276, before Jul 1284) as his second wife, GUY de Châteauvillain Seigneur de Luzy, son of JEAN [I] Seigneur de Châteauvillain et de Luzy-en-Broyes & his wife --- (-1288).  m secondly (contract 27 May 1289) as his second wife, ROBERT [III] Comte de Clermont, son of ROBERT [II] Comte de Clermont & his wife Mathilde d’Auvergne (-7 Mar 1324). 

ii)         GUILLAUME de Jaligny (-after 24 Aug 1284).  The marriage contract between "Jehans sires de Chatiauvillain et de Luzi…Guiot sun fil" and "Guillaumes de Geligneys Chantres d’Auceurre…Ysabel fille jadis Huguon seigneur de Geligney et niece dudit Chantre" is dated end-Jun 1276, and names "Jehan de Geligney sun frere"[308]Bishop of Laon .  The codicil of "Guillelmus de Jaliniaco episcopus Laudunensis", dated 24 Aug 1284, provides for anniversaries for "…Droconis fratris mei"[309]

iii)        DREUX de Jaligny .  The codicil of "Guillelmus de Jaliniaco episcopus Laudunensis", dated 24 Aug 1284, provides for anniversaries for "Droconis fratris mei"[310]

Eudes [I] & his second wife had one child: 

iv)       EUDES [II] de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-after Mar 1250)Seigneur de Châtillon-en-Bazois.  "Aaliz domina Glane" donated property to the church of Autun, with the consent of "Odonis domini Castellionis filii mei", by charter dated Aug 1233[311]

-         see below

b)         GUILLAUME (-after Apr 1220).  Odo dominus de Castellione” donated “stagnum de Roy” to Bellevaux abbey, with the consent of “fratribus meis Guillelmo et Roberto militibus et A. uxore mee”, for the soul of “pie memorie Helisabeth matris mee”, by charter dated Jun 1209[312].  “Guillelmus de Castellione miles dominus terre de Rouy” reached agreement with Bellevaux concerning “stagnum et molendinum in predicta terra” to Bellevaux abbey by charter dated Apr 1220[313]

c)         ROBERT (-after Jun 1209).  “Odo dominus de Castellione” donated “stagnum de Roy” to Bellevaux abbey, with the consent of “fratribus meis Guillelmo et Roberto militibus et A. uxore mee”, for the soul of “pie memorie Helisabeth matris mee”, by charter dated Jun 1209[314]

 

 

EUDES [II] de Châtillon-en-Bazois, son of EUDES [I] Seigneur de Châtillon-en-Bazois & his second wife Alix de Glenne (-after Mar 1250)Seigneur de Châtillon-en-Bazois.  "Aaliz domina Glane" donated property to the church of Autun, with the consent of "Odonis domini Castellionis filii mei", by charter dated Aug 1233[315].  “Odo dominus Castellionis et Glane” donated “censuales...in nundinis Biffracti” to Autun Saint-Lazare by charter dated Mar 1236[316]Huedes sires de Chastoillum an Besoys et de Glene” transferred his rights “an l’amenage de Dijon” to Hugues IV Duke of Burgundy by charter dated Aug 1245[317]A charter dated Mar 1250 records an agreement between Cluny and Odonem dominum de Castellione en Bazois” relating to Simulay priory”[318]

m ---.  The name of Eudes’s wife is not known. 

Eudes [II] & his wife had children:

1.         JEAN [I] de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-1271)Seigneur de Châtillon-en-Bazoism ---.  The name of Jean’s wife is not known.  Jean & his wife had children: 

a)         HENRI de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-[1299/1307]).  Seigneur de la Roche-Milay.  m ---.  The primary source which confirms the name of Henri’s wife has not been identified.  Henri & his wife had children: 

i)          GERARD de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-before 5 Sep 1334).  Seigneur de la Roche-Milay.  m ---.  The primary source which confirms the name of Henri’s wife has not been identified.  Gérard & his wife had three children: 

(a)       BLANCHE de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-after 1372).  A charter dated 6 Dec 1331 records a dispute between the abbey of Montiéramey and "messire Erars d’Arcees sires de Chacenay…et Blanche de Chateillon sa femme"[319].  A settlement was agreed between "Erart d’Arcies et Blanche de Chastillon sa femme, Iean de Chasteauvillain et sa femme, et Ieanne de Chastillon dame de Montbellet" concerning the succession of “Gerard de Chastillon seigneur de la Roche de Millay leur pere” dated “du dimanche apres la sainct Mathieu” 1334[320]m (contract 26 Jan 1331) ERARD d’Arcis-sur-Aube, son of GUILLAUME d’Arcis-sur-Aube & his wife Reine d’Ancy-le-Franc (-[1344]). 

(b)       MARIE de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-after Jul 1341).  A settlement was agreed between "Erart d’Arcies et Blanche de Chastillon sa femme, Iean de Chasteauvillain et sa femme, et Ieanne de Chastillon dame de Montbellet" concerning the succession of “Gerard de Chastillon seigneur de la Roche de Millay leur pere” dated “du dimanche apres la sainct Mathieu” 1334[321]m as his first wife, JEAN de Châteauvillain Seigneur de Luzy, son of JEAN de Châteauvillain Seigneur de Luzy & his second wife Catherine de Beaujeu (-17 Jun 1361). 

(c)       JEANNE de Châtillon-en-Bazois .  A settlement was agreed between "Erart d’Arcies et Blanche de Chastillon sa femme, Iean de Chasteauvillain et sa femme, et Ieanne de Chastillon dame de Montbellet" concerning the succession of “Gerard de Chastillon seigneur de la Roche de Millay leur pere” dated “du dimanche apres la sainct Mathieu” 1334[322]m --- de Montbelet, son of ---. 

b)         JEAN [II] de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-[1299/1302])m ---.  The primary source which confirms the name of Jean’s wife has not been identified.  Jean [II] & his wife had children: 

i)          ROBERT de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-1353)m firstly MARGUERITE de Courtenay, daughter of JEAN de Courtenay Seigneur de Champignelles & his wife Jeanne de Sancerre (-before 1335).  m secondly as her second husband, JEANNE de Lézinnes, widow of ERARD de Toucy Seigneur de Bazarnes, daughter of ERARD [III] dit Trouillard Seigneur de Lézinnes & his wife Marie d’Arzillières (-after 1357).  Robert & his [first/second] wife had children: 

(a)       JEAN [III] de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-[1371])m as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Frolois, widow of SIMON de Châteauvillain Seigneur de Bayé et de Pleurre, daughter of JEAN de Frolois Seigneur de Molinot, de Montfort et de Jaulges, maréchal de Bourgogne & his wife Isabelle d’Arcis Dame de Pacy.  She married thirdly ([1375]) Guichard d’Auvergne Seigneur de Jaligny

(b)       CATHERINE de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-after 1395)m (before 1353) JEAN de Bar Seigneur de Pierrepont, son of ERARD de Bar Seigneur de Pierrepont et d'Ancerville & his wife Isabelle de Lorraine (-1366). 

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de DONZY

 

 

HERVE de Donzy, son of GEOFFROY Seigneur de Semur & his second wife Mathilde de Chalon Dame de Donzy (-1055).  "Gausfredus et uxor mea Mahaldis et filii mei Gausfredus, Herveus, Oddo, Tethbaldus, Lanbertus" donated property to Cluny by charter dated to [1015][323]

m [--- de Vergy, sister of SAVARIC de Vergy, daughter of ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated to [1096] which records that "Gaufridus de Dunziaco" had sold "partem mediam comitatus Cabilonensis" to "domno Saverico…avunculo suo" on leaving for Jerusalem "cum Wydone de Tyhæra"[324].] 

Hervé & his wife had four children: 

1.         RENAUD de Donzy (-after [26 Mar] 1055).  "Gausfredus…Autissiodorensis episcopus" donated the church of "Vetus Domziacus" to Cluny at the request of "miles…Harveus" in the presence of "filiorum suorum…Raginaldi, Gaufredi, Arvei, Hugonis" by charter dated [26 Mar] 1055[325]

2.         GEOFFROY [II] de Donzy (-4 Aug ----).  "Gausfredus…Autissiodorensis episcopus" donated the church of "Vetus Domziacus" to Cluny at the request of "miles…Harveus" in the presence of "filiorum suorum…Raginaldi, Gaufredi, Arvei, Hugonis" by charter dated [26 Mar] 1055[326].  He succeeded [in 1078] as Comte de Chalon, sharing the county with Guy de Thiern[327].  He is named with his three sons in a 1086 charter, which also names his nepos Renaud son of Robert de Châtillon[328].  A charter dated to [1096] records that "Gaufridus de Dunziaco" had sold "partem mediam comitatus Cabilonensis" to "domno Saverico…avunculo suo" on leaving for Jerusalem "cum Wydone de Tyhæra"[329].  The necrology of Auxerre cathedral records the death 4 Aug of "Gaufridus comes Cabillon", specifying that he had become a monk "apud castrum suum Donziacum"[330]m ---.  The name of Geoffroy's wife is not known.  Geoffroy & his wife had three children: 

a)         RENAUD de Donzy .  He and his brothers are named in their father's 1086 charter[331]

b)         GUILLAUME de Donzy .  He and his brothers are named in their father's 1086 charter[332]

c)         HERVE [II] de Donzy (-1120).  He and his brothers are named in their father's 1086 charter[333].  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Donzy.   

-        see below

3.         HERVE de Donzy (-after [26 Mar] 1055).  "Gausfredus…Autissiodorensis episcopus" donated the church of "Vetus Domziacus" to Cluny at the request of "miles…Harveus" in the presence of "filiorum suorum…Raginaldi, Gaufredi, Arvei, Hugonis" by charter dated [26 Mar] 1055[334]

4.         HUGUES de Donzy (-after [26 Mar] 1055).  "Gausfredus…Autissiodorensis episcopus" donated the church of "Vetus Domziacus" to Cluny at the request of "miles…Harveus" in the presence of "filiorum suorum…Raginaldi, Gaufredi, Arvei, Hugonis" by charter dated [26 Mar] 1055[335]

5.         [daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are suggested by the 1086 charter of Geoffroy [II] de Donzy (see above), which also names his nepos Renaud son of Robert de Châtillon[336].  The word nepos is of course difficult to translate in this document.  However, it is unlikely that Robert de Châtillon could have been the brother of Geoffroy [II] de Donzy as he is not mentioned in the charter dated 1055 which names Geoffroy and his three brothers.  It is suggested therefore that the relationship is best explained if Robert married Geoffroy’s sister.  m ROBERT de Châtillon, son of ---.] 

 

 

HERVE [II] de Donzy, son of GEOFFROY [II] Comte de Chalon, Seigneur de Donzy & his wife --- (-1120).  He and his brothers are named in their father's 1086 charter[337].  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Donzy

m --- de La Ferté, daughter of HUGUES "le Blanc" de La Ferté & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1151 which notes the donation by “Hugo de La Ferté cognomento Blancus, qui ex parte matris, domini Gaufridi de Donziaco“ to La Charité-sur-Loire, approved by “præfatus dominus Gaufridus de Donziaco…cum duobus filiis Herveo et Gaufrido[338]

Hervé [II] & his wife had two children: 

1.         GEOFFROY [III] de Donzy (-29 Apr 1157).  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Donzy.  “Hugo de La Ferté cognomento Blancus, qui ex parte matris, domini Gaufridi de Donziaco” donated property to La Charité-sur-Loire, approved by “præfatus dominus Gaufridus de Donziaco…cum duobus filiis Herveo et Gaufrido” by charter dated 1151[339].  Gervais abbé de Saint-Germain d'Auxerre and "Gaufredum Donziacum" reached agreements relating to Diges, with the consent of "B…uxor Gaufredi et duo filii eius, Herveus…et Gaufredus", by charter dated 1151[340]m firstly [CLEMENCE de Bourgogne, daughter of HUGUES II Duke of Burgundy & his wife Mathilde de Mayenne (1117-).  The primary source which confirms her name, parentage and marriage has not been identified.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, the first wife of Geoffroy [III] is not known, referred to only as "B…1151"[341], but this reference can presumably identified with Geoffroy's second wife referred to as such in his charter dated 1151.  Some secondary sources say that Clémence de Bourgogne was the second wife of Hervé [III] Seigneur de Donzy, son of Geoffrey [III], but this is difficult to sustain chronologically considering her supposed birth date.]  m secondly GARNA de Toucy, daughter of NARJOT [I] Seigneur de Toucy & his wife Ermengarde ---.  Her marriage is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[342].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and her marriage has not been identified.  Gervais abbé de Saint-Germain d'Auxerre and "Gaufredum Donziacum" reached agreements relating to Diges, with the consent of "B…uxor Gaufredi et duo filii eius, Herveus…et Gaufredus", by charter dated 1151[343], which likely refers to Geoffroy’s second wife as the document is dated only six years before the recorded date of his death.  Guillaume [de Toucy] Bishop of Auxerre approved spending commitments of the nuns of Crisenon, in memory of "nobilis matrone, Garne…sororis defuncti Ytherii de Tuciaco", by charter dated 1178[344].  Geoffroy [III] & his first wife had one child: 

a)         [MATHILDE [Félicité] de Donzy .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Mathilde [Félicité] was the daughter of Hervé III by his second wife Clémence de Bourgogne[345].  However, as explained above, it is chronologically more likely that Clémence, her mother, was the first wife of Geoffroy [III].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and her marriage has not been identified.  "Arardus de Chacennaio" confirmed donations to Clairvaux made by "avus meus Ansericus, laudante uxore sua Humbelina", with the consent of "uxore mea Mathilde et nepote meo Jacobo", by charter dated 11 Dec 1179[346].  "Erardus dominus Chacennaii…Mathilde uxore sua" confirmed donations to the abbey of Mores by charter dated 1182[347]m ERARD [I] de Chacenay, son of JACQUES Seigneur de Chacenay & his wife Agnes de Brienne (-Acre 1191, before 12 Jul).] 

Geoffroy [III] & his second wife had three children: 

b)         HERVE [III] de Donzy (-1187).  Gervais abbé de Saint-Germain d'Auxerre and "Gaufredum Donziacum" reached agreements relating to Diges, with the consent of "B…uxor Gaufredi et duo filii eius, Herveus…et Gaufredus", by charter dated 1151[348].  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Donzy.   

-        see below

c)         GEOFFROY de Donzy (-after 1151).  “Hugo de La Ferté cognomento Blancus, qui ex parte matris, domini Gaufridi de Donziaco” donated property to La Charité-sur-Loire, approved by “præfatus dominus Gaufridus de Donziaco…cum duobus filiis Herveo et Gaufrido” by charter dated 1151[349].  Gervais abbé de Saint-Germain d'Auxerre and "Gaufredum Donziacum" reached agreements relating to Diges, with the consent of "B…uxor Gaufredi et duo filii eius, Herveus…et Gaufredus", by charter dated 1151[350]

d)         [ALIX [Mathilde]] de Donzy (-1175).  A charter of "Odo Dux Burgundiæ et Galcherus Comes S. Pauli" dated 9 Jul 1217 records the testimony of "Guido de Guastable" regarding the marriage of "Gaufridus de Donziaco…filiam suam" and "Ansello de Triangulo", the annulment of the marriage before it was consummated and return of the dowry, and her subsequent marriage with "comes Stephanus"[351].  The Historia Gloriosi Regis Ludovici VII records that "Gaufridus de Giemago…filiam suam" married "Stephano de Sancerro", with Gien as her dowry[352].  The primary source which confirms her name has not been identified.  m firstly (repudiated before 1153) ANSEAU [II] Seigneur de Traînel, son of ANSEAU [I] Seigneur de Traînel & his wife Hélisende --- (-[1188/89]).  m secondly (1153) ETIENNE [I] Comte de Sancerre, son of THIBAUT IV Comte de Blois & his wife Mathilde of Carinthia [Sponheim] (-Acre 1191). 

2.         AGNES de Donzy The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Agnete" as the wife of Sulpice [II] but does not give her origin[353].  A history of Amboise written at Marmoutier records that Hugo dominus Ambaziæ” arranged the marriage of “Supplicio filio suo” and “Agnetem filiam Hervei de Danzeio[354].  The necrology of Pontlevoy records the death "VI Non Mar" of "Agnes domina Ambazie"[355]m SULPICE [II] Seigneur d'Amboise, son of HUGUES [I] Seigneur d'Amboise & his wife Elisabeth de Jaligny (before 1106-Château de Châteaudun 24 Aug 1153). 

 

 

HERVE [III] de Donzy, son of GEOFFROY [III] Seigneur de Donzy & his second wife Garna de Toucy (-1187).  The Historia Gloriosi Regis Ludovici VII records that "Gaufridus de Giemago…Herveus filius eiusdem Gaufridi" objected to his father granting the castle of Gien to his sister as dowry when she married "Stephano de Sancerro"[356].  Gervais abbé de Saint-Germain d'Auxerre and "Gaufredum Donziacum" reached agreements relating to Diges, with the consent of "B…uxor Gaufredi et duo filii eius, Herveus…et Gaufredus", by charter dated 1151[357].  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Donzy.  “Hugo de La Ferté cognomento Blancus, qui ex parte matris, domini Gaufridi de Donziaco” donated property to La Charité-sur-Loire, approved by “præfatus dominus Gaufridus de Donziaco…cum duobus filiis Herveo et Gaufrido” by charter dated 1151[358].  “Herveus de Donziaco” donated property to La Charité-sur-Loire, with the approval of “Guillelmus Goet et Philippus, filii mei”, by charter dated 1187[359]

m firstly MATHILDE Goët, daughter of GUILLAUME [IV] Goët de Montmirail Seigneur d'Alluis & his wife Isabelle de Blois (-22 Jan ----).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  Robert of Torigny names "Herveus de Juen" as husband of "Guillermus Goeth…primogenitam filiam natam ex una sororem comitis Teobaldi"[360]

m secondly ---.  The primary source which confirms this second marriage has not been identified. 

Hervé [III] & his first wife had seven children: 

1.         GUILLAUME "Goët" de Donzy (-Acre 1191).  “Herveus de Donziaco” donated property to La Charité-sur-Loire, with the approval of “Guillelmus Goet et Philippus, filii mei”, by charter dated 1187[361].  Seigneur de Gien.  “Guillelmus Guoet dominus de Giem” donated property to Rigny abbey, with the support of “fratres mei Philippus, Gaufridus, Herveus et Rainaudus” by undated charter[362]

2.         PHILIPPE de Donzy (-1206).  “Herveus de Donziaco” donated property to La Charité-sur-Loire, with the approval of “Guillelmus Goet et Philippus, filii mei”, by charter dated 1187[363].  “Guillelmus Guoet dominus de Giem” donated property to Rigny abbey, with the support of “fratres mei Philippus, Gaufridus, Herveus et Rainaudus” by undated charter[364].  Seigneur de Gien.  Pierre Comte de Nevers granted privileges to the inhabitants of Auxerre by charter dated 1194 which records the presence of "barones mei, Philippus dominus Giemi, Drogo de Merloto, Gaufridus senescallus meus, Iterius de Tociaco Autisiodorensis vicecomes..."[365]Herveus Aloie dominus” confirmed the rights of the prior of Saint-Jean de Brou in his lands, with the consent of Philippus de Danzeio...frater meus...”, by charter dated to [1197][366]m ALIX de Courtz-les-Barres, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not been identified. 

3.         GEOFFROY de Donzy .  “Guillelmus Guoet dominus de Giem” donated property to Rigny abbey, with the support of “fratres mei Philippus, Gaufridus, Herveus et Rainaudus” by undated charter[367].  Prior of the Cluniac house of La Charité.  He was deposed and excommunicated[368]

4.         HERVE [IV] de Donzy (-Château de Saint-Aignan 23 Jan 1222, bur Abbaye de Pontigny near Auxerre).  “Guillelmus Guoet dominus de Giem” donated property to Rigny abbey, with the support of “fratres mei Philippus, Gaufridus, Herveus et Rainaudus” by undated charter[369].  He succeeded his father in 1187 as Seigneur de Donzy.  Seigneur d’Alluyes: “Reginaldus Montismirabilis dominus, Herveii Danzeii filius” guaranteed the freedoms granted to “monachis S. Romani de Braiolo” by “Herveus frater meus Aloyæ dominus” by charter dated 31 Mar 1197[370]Herveus Aloie dominus” confirmed the rights of the prior of Saint-Jean de Brou in his lands, with the consent of Philippus de Danzeio...frater meus...”, by charter dated to [1197][371]Comte de Nevers, by right of his wife.  He disputed possession of the château de Gien with Pierre de Courtenay, but defeated the latter and obliged him to agree to the hand of his daughter as well as the transfer of the county of Nevers.  The arrangement was confirmed by Philippe II King of France in Nov 1199.  His father-in-law invested him as Comte de Tonnerre before leaving France in early 1217 following his appointment as Emperor of Constantinople.  He succeeded his father-in-law in 1219 as Comte d'Auxerre[372]The Chronique de Guillaume de Nangis records in 1222 the death by poison of "Henri comte de Nevers" and his burial first "dans le château de Saint-Aignan dans le territoire de Bourges, ensuite dans le monastère de Pontigny, ordre de Cîteaux"[373]m (contract Paris Oct 1199, Papal dispensation 20 Dec 1213) as her first husband, MATHILDE de Courtenay, daughter of PIERRE [II] Seigneur de Courtenay [later PIERRE I Emperor of Constantinople] & his first wife Agnes Ctss de Nevers, d'Auxerre et de Tonnerre ([1188]-29 Jul 1257, bur Abbaye de Réconfort, near Monceaux-le-Comte).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Mathildem" as only daughter of "comitis Petris" & his first wife, specifying that she married "Herveio Gaufridi filio de Giam et de Dunzeio"[374].  She succeeded her mother in 1193 as Ctss de Nevers, Ctss d'Auxerre, Ctss de Tonnerre, under the guardianship of her father, who declared himself Comte d'Auxerre, Comte de Tonnerre in 1199.  The Chronologia Roberti Altissiodorenses records the marriage in 1199 of "Petri Comitis Nivernensis filiam" and "Herveo de Giemo"[375].  Philippe II King of France granted permission for the marriage of “Herveus dominus Donziaci” and “filiam Petri comitis Nivernensis, cum comitatu", for which "nos et Renaldus frater noster" granted "Giemum cum tota castellania" to the king, by charter dated Oct 1199[376].  She married secondly (Jul 1226) as his third wife, Guy [IV] Comte de Forez.  Hervé [IV] & his wife had two children: 

-        COMTES de NEVERS

5.         RENAUD de Montmirail (-killed in battle Adrianople 18 Apr 1205).  “Guillelmus Guoet dominus de Giem” donated property to Rigny abbey, with the support of “fratres mei Philippus, Gaufridus, Herveus et Rainaudus” by undated charter[377].  “Reginaldus Montismirabilis dominus, Herveii Danzeii filius” guaranteed the freedoms granted to “monachis S. Romani de Braiolo” by “Herveus frater meus Aloyæ dominus” by charter dated 31 Mar 1197[378].  Philippe II King of France granted permission for the marriage of “Herveus dominus Donziaci” and “filiam Petri comitis Nivernensis, cum comitatu", for which "nos et Renaldus frater noster" granted "Giemum cum tota castellania" to the king, by charter dated Oct 1199[379].  Seigneur d'Alluyes.  "Renaud de Donzy seigneur de Aloia" donated property to Gué-de-Launay abbey, with the consent of Hervé son frère comte de Nevers et de ses deux sœurs Marguerite et Alix”, by charter dated 1200[380]Villehardouin records that "Renaud de Montmirail, who was the brother of Comte Henri de Nevers" besieged the castle of Peuza in Apr 1205 and was killed in battle at Adrianople soon afterwards[381].  The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "XIV Kal Mai" of "Raginaldus de Montemirabili vir nobilis dominus Aloie", stating that "frater eius…Herveus comes Nivernensis" donated property for his soul with the consent of "patris nostri Raginaldi tunc episcopi Carnotensis"[382] although this last reference has not been explained. 

6.         MARGUERITE de Donzy (-after May 1202).  "Renaud de Donzy seigneur de Aloia" donated property to Gué-de-Launay abbey, with the consent of Hervé son frère comte de Nevers et de ses deux sœurs Marguerite et Alix”, by charter dated 1200[383]"Gervasius dominus Castri-Novi" founded an anniversary at Chartres Notre-Dame, with the consent of "Margarita uxore mea et filiis meis Hugone…et Herveo", by charter dated May 1202[384].  Her parentage is confirmed by the necrology of Chartres Notre-Dame which records the death “pridie Kal Mar” of [her son] “Gervasius de Castronovo canonicus Carnotensis, postea episcopus Nivernensis, nepos Hervei comitis Nivernensis[385]m GERVAIS Seigneur de Châteauneuf-en-Thimerais, son of HUGUES de Châteauneuf & his wife --- (-after May 1212). 

7.         ALIX de Donzy (-after 1200).  "Renaud de Donzy seigneur de Aloia" donated property to Gué-de-Launay abbey, with the consent of Hervé son frère comte de Nevers et de ses deux sœurs Marguerite et Alix”, by charter dated 1200[386]

 

 

 

C.      SEIGNEURS de la RIVIERE

 

 

The following reconstruction is based largely on Père Anselme, whose accuracy is inconsistent and cannot be guaranteed.  Primary sources which confirm the information have not been identified unless otherwise shown below. 

 

 

1.         JEAN de la RivièreSeigneur de la Rivièrem ISABELLE Daugerant, sister of JEAN Daugerant Bishop of Chartres, daughter of ---.  Jean & his wife had children: 

a)         JEAN de la Riviére (-1365, bur Paris église de Sainte Catherine du Val des Ecoliers)Seigneur de la Rivièrem as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Préaux Dame de Préaux, daughter of PIERRE Seigneur de Préaux & his wife Blanche Crespin Dame de Dangu et de Thury (-1417).  She married secondly (before Oct 1387) Jacques de Bourbon Seigneur de Dargies, Seigneur de Préaux, de Dangu et de Thury, by right of his wife, Grand Bouteiller de France 26 Jul 1397. 

b)         BUREAU [Charles] de la Rivière (-16 Aug 1400, bur Saint-Denis).  Seigneur de la RivièreSeigneur de Luthumière 1369.  m MARGUERITE d’Auneau Dame d’Auneau et de Rochefort, daughter of GUY Seigneur d’Auneau & his wife Marguerite de Pontchevron (-after 6 Sep 1413).  Bureau & his wife had children: 

i)          CHARLES de la Rivière (-[16 Jun/31 Dec] 1429)Seigneur de la RivièreComte de Dammartin, by right of his first wife.  m firstly BLANCHE de Trie Ctss de Dammartin, Dame de Nesle et de Mondoubleau, daughter of CHARLES de Trie Comte de Dammartin & his wife Jeanne d’Amboise Dame de Nesle-en-Picardie et de Mondoubleau, Vicomtesse de Châteaudun.  m secondly as her first husband, ISABELLE de la Trémoïlle, daughter of GUY [V] Seigneur de la Trémoïlle & his wife Marie de Sully Dame de Sully.  She married secondly as his second wife, Guillaume de Thil Seigneur de Châteauvillain

ii)         JACQUES de la Rivière (-1413).  Seigneur d’Auneau.  

iii)        PERRETTE de la Rivière (-after 1463)m GUY de la Roche-Guyon Seigneur de la Roche-Guyon, son of GUY de la Roche-Guyon Seigneur de la Roche-Guyon & his wife Jeanne de la Roche-Guyon (-killed in battle Agincourt 25 Oct 1415). 

iv)       JEANNE de la Rivière ([1381/82]-after 1 Sep 1445)m ([1392]) JACQUES de Châtillon Seigneur de Dampierre, son of HUGUES de Châtillon Seigneur de Dampierre & his wife Agnes de Sechelles (-killed in battle Agincourt 25 Oct 1415)

 

 



[1] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome X, p. 258.  

[2] Settipani 'Les origines des comtes de Nevers' Keats-Rohan & Settipani (2000), pp. 88-9. 

[3] Beaulieu (Aube) XLV, p. 81. 

[4] Beaulieu (Aube) XLV, p. 81. 

[5] Beaulieu (Aube) LVII, p. 102. 

[6] Beaulieu (Aube) LVII, p. 102. 

[7] Beaulieu (Aube) LVII, p. 102. 

[8] Beaulieu (Aube) LVII, p. 102. 

[9] ES III 716. 

[10] Bouchard (1987), p. 341. 

[11] Bouchard (1987), p. 341, citing Giry, A., Prou, M. and Tessier, G. (1943) Recueil des actes de Charles II le Chauve roi de France (Paris), 25-27, no. 10, and M 60, pp. 48-9 [not yet consulted]. 

[12] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome X, p. 258. 

[13] ES III 716, and Bouchard (1987), p. 341. 

[14] Cluny, Tome I, 112, p. 124. 

[15] Cluny, Tome I, 112, p. 124. 

[16] Cluny, Tome I, 794, p. 745. 

[17] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome X, p. 258. 

[18] Cluny, Tome I, 794, p. 745. 

[19] Cluny, Tome I, 783, p. 737. 

[20] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome X, p. 258. 

[21] Cluny, Tome I, 783, p. 737. 

[22] Settipani 'Les origines des comtes de Nevers', Keats-Rohan & Settipani (2000), p. 87. 

[23] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome X, p. 258. 

[24] Cluny, Tome I, 783, p. 737. 

[25] Cluny, Tome I, 794, p. 745. 

[26] Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire LXI, p. 148. 

[27] Bouchard (1987), p. 369, although the author's basis for this statement is unclear as she only cites Genealogiæ comitum Andegavensium, 5, p. 249, without further elaboration.   

[28] Series abbatum Flaviniacensium, MGH SS VIII, p. 503.  

[29] ES III 716. 

[30] Annales Nivernenses 991, MGH SS XIII, p. 90. 

[31] Bouchard (1987), p. 343, citing Adalbero of Laon, Rythmus satyricus 24 [not yet consulted]. 

[32] Flavigny 29, p. 86. 

[33] Bouchard (1987), p. 343. 

[34] Cluny, Tome III, 2678, p. 707.   

[35] Certain, E. de (ed.) (1858) Miracula Sancti Benedicti (Paris), auctore Andreæ monachi Floriacensis secundus, Liber V, XV and XVI, pp. 212 and 213. 

[36] Annales Nivernenses 1028, MGH SS XIII, p. 90. 

[37] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 14. 

[38] Le Hête (1995), p. 33 footnote 11, where he cites a passage in the contemporary "Annales Nivernaises".  Most other authors date the marriage to [995], but this is inconsistent with the supposed date of 990 when Landry was invested as Comte de Nevers.  

[39] Rodulfi Glabri, Historiarum III.6, pp. 105-7. 

[40] Cluny, Tome IV, 2811, p. 13. 

[41] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 21. 

[42] Flavigny 29, p. 86. 

[43] Bouchard (1987), p. 343. 

[44] Flavigny 29, p. 86. 

[45] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome X, p.258. 

[46] Cluny, Tome IV, 2811, p. 13. 

[47] Cluny, Tome III, 2781, p. 805. 

[48] Bouchard (1987), p. 343. 

[49] Cluny, Tome III, 2781, p. 805. 

[50] Miracula Sancti Benedicti, auctore Andreæ monachi Floriacensis secundus, Liber V, XV and XVI, pp. 212 and 213. 

[51] Miracula Sancti Benedicti, auctore Andreæ monachi Floriacensis secundus, Liber V, XVI, p. 213. 

[52] Bouchard (1987), p. 343. 

[53] Cluny, Tome III, 2678, p. 707.   

[54] Cluny, Tome III, 2781, p. 805. 

[55] Cluny, Tome IV, 2811, p. 13. 

[56] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome XI, p. 281. 

[57] Rodulfi Glabri, Historiarum IV.26, p. 213. 

[58] Annales Nivernenses 1040, MGH SS XIII, p. 90. 

[59] Obituaires de Lyon II, Eglise cathédrale de Mâcon, p. 362.       

[60] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 15. 

[61] Rodulfi Glabri, Historiarum IV.26, p. 213. 

[62] Chronici Hugonis Floriacensis, RHGF, Tome X, p.222. 

[63] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome X, p.258. 

[64] Bouchard (1987), pp. 343-4, the author highlighting the "unreliable genealogies" of Raoul Glaber and preferring the Annales Vizeliacenses as a reliable source. 

[65] Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 58. 

[66] Cluny, Tome IV, 2811, p. 13. 

[67] Cluny, Tome IV, 2811, p. 13. 

[68] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXVII, p. 171. 

[69] Piolin (1856), Tome III, Pièces justificatives XXXI, p. 663. 

[70] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCLXIV, p. 413. 

[71] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXVII, p. 171. 

[72] Piolin (1856), Tome III, Pièces justificatives XXXI, p. 663. 

[73] Cluny, Tome IV, 3580, p. 715. 

[74] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. IV, Book VII, p. 49. 

[75] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXVII, p. 171. 

[76] Marcigny-sur-Loire I, p. 1. 

[77] Cluny, Tome IV, 2811, p. 13. 

[78] Cluny, Tome V, 3724, p. 67. 

[79] Annales Nivernenses 1098, MGH SS XIII, p. 91. 

[80] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Abbaye de Saint-Denis, p. 320.       

[81] Yonne, Tome I, XXCI, p. 156. 

[82] Yonne, Tome I, XCII, p. 177. 

[83] Bouchard (1987), p. 371, citing Duru (1850), I, Gesta pontificum Autissiodorensium, pp. 309-509, 398-402. 

[84] Bouchard (1987), p. 371. 

[85] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 316. 

[86] Cluny, Tome IV, 3388, p. 487. 

[87] Bouchard (1987), p. 345. 

[88] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 16. 

[89] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 316. 

[90] La Mure, Tome I, p. 146. 

[91] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 316. 

[92] Yonne, Tome I, CLXXIV, p. 296. 

[93] Marmoutier (Dunois), XV, p. 16. 

[94] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 316. 

[95] Bouchet (1661), Ex Continuatore Aimoni Monachi Floriacensis, Cap. XLVII, Preuves, p. 4. 

[96] Néronville, XXX, p. 323. 

[97] Yonne, Tome I, CXXVIII, p. 237. 

[98] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 316. 

[99] Hugonis Pictavini Libro de Libertate Monasterii Vizeliacensis, MGH SS XXVI, p. 140. 

[100] Molesme II, 28, p. 40. 

[101] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber VIII, Caps. XXV and XXX, pp. 574 and 577. 

[102] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 38. 

[103] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 316. 

[104] Cluny, Tome IV, 3388, p. 487. 

[105] Bouchard (1987), p. 345. 

[106] Annales Nivernenses 1099, MGH SS XIII, p. 91. 

[107] Molesme II, 28, p. 40. 

[108] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 316. 

[109] Huillard-Bréholles (1867), Tome I, 4, p. 3. 

[110] Chazaud (1865), p. 175, citing Cartulaire du Montet (no citation). 

[111] Cluny, Tome IV, 3388, p. 487. 

[112] Bouchard (1987), p. 345. 

[113] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, X, p. 194. 

[114] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 36, p. 32. 

[115] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. VI, Book XI, p. 149, which gives not date but specifies that Helvise died shortly before her husband. 

[116] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. VI, Book XI, pp. 147-9. 

[117] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VIII, XIV, p. 345. 

[118] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XXVIII, p. 123. 

[119] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 316. 

[120] Hugonis Pictavini Libro de Libertate Monasterii Vizeliacensis, MGH SS XXVI, p. 140. 

[121] Molesme II, 28, p. 40. 

[122] Yonne, Tome I, CII, p. 198. 

[123] Nevers Saint-Cyr 95, p. 158. 

[124] Molesme II, 54, p. 64. 

[125] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber VIII, Caps. XXV and XXX, pp. 574 and 577. 

[126] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. VI, Book XII, p. 259. 

[127] Yonne, Tome I, CXXXII, p. 247. 

[128] Yonne, Tome I, CLXXIV, p. 296. 

[129] Nevers Saint-Etienne, VI, p. 81. 

[130] La Charité-sur-Loire LV, p. 134. 

[131] Plancher (1739), Tome I, Preuves, LXVIII, p.xlv. 

[132] Bouchard (1987), p. 347. 

[133] Annales Nivernenses 1149, MGH SS XIII, p. 91. 

[134] Nécrologe de la Cathédrale de Nevers, Nevers Saint-Cyr, p. 215. 

[135] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 21. 

[136] Yonne, Tome I, CII, p. 198. 

[137] Autun (Charmasse), Vol. II, 6, p. 91. 

[138] Yonne, Tome I, CXXXII, p. 247. 

[139] Yonne, Tome I, CLXXIV, p. 296. 

[140] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 38. 

[141] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 316. 

[142] His death is announced in a letter from King Louis VII to Suger, see Bouchard (1987), p. 347. 

[143] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 316. 

[144] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 38. 

[145] Yonne, Tome I, CLXXIV, p. 296. 

[146] Nevers Saint-Etienne, VI, p. 81. 

[147] La Charité-sur-Loire LV, p. 134. 

[148] Bouchard (1987), p. 341. 

[149] Yonne, Tome I, CLXXIV, p. 296. 

[150] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1198, MGH SS XXIII, p. 877. 

[151] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 316. 

[152] Yonne, Tome I, CXXXII, p. 247. 

[153] Yonne, Tome I, CLXXIV, p. 296. 

[154] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. VI, Book XIII, p. 467. 

[155] Nevers Saint-Etienne, VI, p. 81. 

[156] La Charité-sur-Loire LV, p. 134. 

[157] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 38. 

[158] Plancher (1739), Tome I, Preuves, LXVIII, p.xlv. 

[159] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 262. 

[160] Ex Historia Vizelliacensis Monasterii, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 329. 

[161] Annales Nivernenses 1161, MGH SS XIII, p. 91. 

[162] Nécrologe de la Cathédrale de Nevers, Never Saint-Cyr, p. 216. 

[163] Roberti Canonici S Mariani Autissiodorensis Chronicon 1161, MGH SS XXVI, p. 238. 

[164] Nevers Saint-Cyr 102, p. 169. 

[165] Autun (Charmasse), Vol. II, 11, p. 96. 

[166] Pontigny, 8, p. 89-90. 

[167] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1150, MGH SS XXIII, p. 840. 

[168] Mâcon 601, p. 363, cited in Bouchard (1987), p. 347. 

[169] Corbigny, 8, p. 13. 

[170] Hugonis Pictavini Libro de Libertate Monasterii Vizeliacensis, MGH SS XXVI, p. 140. 

[171] Nevers Saint-Cyr 102, p. 169. 

[172] Nevers Saint-Etienne, IX, p. 86. 

[173] Annales Nivernenses 1164, MGH SS XIII, p. 91. 

[174] Nevers Saint-Etienne, XI, p. 89. 

[175] William of Tyre, XX.III, pp. 944-5. 

[176] Roberti Canonici S Mariani Autissiodorensis Chronicon 1168, MGH SS XXVI, p. 239. 

[177] Cluny, Tome V, 4239, p. 592. 

[178] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, pp. 509 and 514. 

[179] Robert de Mont-Saint-Michel Chronica 1170, MGH SS VI, p. 519. 

[180] Autun (Charmasse), Vol. II, 11, p. 96. 

[181] Nevers Saint-Etienne, IX and XII, pp. 86 and 89. 

[182] Roberti Canonici S Mariani Autissiodorensis Chronicon 1168, MGH SS XXVI, p. 239. 

[183] Bouchard (1987), p. 348. 

[184] Molesme II, 270, p. 250. 

[185] Cluny, Tome V, 4239, p. 592. 

[186] Annales Nivernenses 1149, MGH SS XIII, p. 91. 

[187] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 59. 

[188] Nécrologe de la Cathédrale de Nevers, Never Saint-Cyr, p. 216. 

[189] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1161, MGH SS XXIII, p. 845. 

[190] Jully-les-Nonnains 1170, p. 20. 

[191] Corbigny 8, p. 13. 

[192] Cîteaux 237, p. 187. 

[193] Chronologia Roberti Altissiodorensis, RHGF, Tome XVIII, p. 249. 

[194] Cîteaux 237, p. 187. 

[195] Cluny, Tome V, 4297, p. 660. 

[196] Cîteaux 248, p. 196. 

[197] Chronologia Roberti Altissiodorensis, RHGF, Tome XVIII, p. 252. 

[198] Cluny, Tome V, 4297, p. 660. 

[199] Bouchard (1987), p. 349. 

[200] Nevers Saint-Cyr 102, p. 169. 

[201] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Abbaye de Saint-Denis, p. 309.       

[202] Bouchard (1987), p. 349. 

[203] Chronologia Roberti Altissiodorensis, RHGF, Tome XVIII, p. 249. 

[204] Cîteaux 237, p. 187. 

[205] Jully-les-Nonnains 1181, p. 24. 

[206] Jully-les-Nonnains 1182, p. 25. 

[207] Cîteaux 237, p. 187. 

[208] Jully-les-Nonnains 1170, p. 20. 

[209] Molesme II, 270, p. 250. 

[210] Molesme II, 44, p. 278. 

[211] Cluny, Tome V, 4334, p. 699. 

[212] Bibliothèque de l'Ecole des Chartes, Série 4, Tome III (1857), p. 161. 

[213] Cluny, Tome V, 4334, p. 699. 

[214] Bouchard (1987), p. 294. 

[215] Yonne, Tome II, 121, p. 130. 

[216] Yonne, Tome II, 220, p. 236. 

[217] Molesme II, 44, p. 278. 

[218] ES III 690. 

[219] Châteaudun La Madeleine, XXXIX, p. 44. 

[220] Châteaudun Hôtel-Dieu, XLIX, p. 33. 

[221] Châteaudun La Madeleine, XLVII, p. 54. 

[222] Châteaudun Hôtel-Dieu LXXXV, p. 59. 

[223] Châteaudun La Madeleine, LXXII, p. 77. 

[224] Chronologia Roberti Altissiodorensis, RHGF, Tome XVIII, p. 252. 

[225] Cluny, Tome V, 4297, p. 660. 

[226] Bouchard (1987), p. 349. 

[227] Nevers Saint-Cyr 102, p. 169. 

[228] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1217, MGH SS XXIII, p. 906. 

[229] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1191, MGH SS XXIII, p. 868. 

[230] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 

[231] Ex Historia Episcoporum Autissiodorensium LVIII, RHGF, Tome XVIII, p. 728. 

[232] Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 457. 

[233] Sturdza (1999), p. 489. 

[234] Cluny, Tome V, 4297, p. 660. 

[235] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1217, MGH SS XXIII, p. 906. 

[236] Chronologia Roberti Altissiodorensis, RHGF, Tome XVIII, p. 263. 

[237] Corbigny 13, p. 18. 

[238] Nevers Saint-Cyr 103, p. 171. 

[239] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Eglise cathédrale de Sens, Obituaire du xiii siècle, p. 2.       

[240] Nevers Notre-Dame (Obituaire), p. 30. 

[241] Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 458, citing 'La Chronique de Gislebert de Mons', Recueil de textes pour server à l'étude de l'histoire de Belgique, ed. L. Vanderkindere (Bruxelles, 1904), pp. 285-6. 

[242] Cluny, Tome V, 4426, p. 798. 

[243] Yonne (suite), 212, p. 94. 

[244] Kerrebrouck (2000), pp. 457-8. 

[245] Nécrologe de la Cathédrale de Nevers, Never Saint-Cyr, p. 214. 

[246] Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 458. 

[247] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 902. 

[248] Yonne (suite), 212, p. 94. 

[249] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes I, 1375, p. 493. 

[250] Guillaume de Nangis, p. 130. 

[251] Du Chesne (Bourgogne) (1628), Preuves, p. 84. 

[252] Marolles, Abbé de (1873) Inventaire des titres de Nevers (Nevers), col. 1. 

[253] Iohannis de Thielrode Genealogia Comitum Flandriæ MGH SS IX, p. 335. 

[254] Iohannis de Thilrode Chronicon 19, MGH SS XXV, p. 583. 

[255] Iohannis de Thilrode Chronicon 19, MGH SS XXV, p. 583. 

[256] Iohannis de Thilrode Chronicon 19, MGH SS XXV, p. 583. 

[257] Iohannis de Thilrode Chronicon 19, MGH SS XXV, p. 583. 

[258] Iohannis de Thilrode Chronicon 19, MGH SS XXV, p. 583. 

[259] Marolles (1873), col. 3. 

[260] Père Anselme, Tome I, p. 241. 

[261] Marolles (1873), col. 3. 

[262] Père Anselme, Tome I, p. 251. 

[263] Père Anselme, Tome I, p. 251. 

[264] Marolles (1873), col. 4. 

[265] Marolles (1873), col. 4. 

[266] Marolles (1873), col. 4. 

[267] Chronique scandaleuse (1611), p. 217. 

[268] Marolles (1873), col. 13. 

[269] Marolles (1873), col. 6. 

[270] Père Anselme, Tome I, p. 253 (no citation reference). 

[271] Marolles (1873), col. 5. 

[272] Marolles (1873), col. 5. 

[273] Marolles (1873), col. 4. 

[274] Marolles (1873), col. 13. 

[275] Père Anselme, Tome I, p. 253. 

[276] Marolles (1873), col. 6. 

[277] Marolles (1873), col. 13. 

[278] Marolles (1873), col. 6. 

[279] Père Anselme, Tome I, p. 324. 

[280] Marolles (1873), col. 6. 

[281] Père Anselme, Tome VI, p. 218. 

[282] Père Anselme, Tome V, pp. 462-7. 

[283] Duchesne (1621) Châtillon, Preuves, pp. 4-6. 

[284] Dijon Saint-Bénigne II, 323, p. 102. 

[285] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1037, MGH SS XXIII, p. 786. 

[286] Dijon Saint-Bénigne II, 323, p. 102. 

[287] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1037, MGH SS XXIII, p. 786. 

[288] Dijon Saint-Bénigne II, 323, p. 102. 

[289] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1037, MGH SS XXIII, p. 786. 

[290] Chantereau le Febvre (1662), Autres preuves par les Actes, p. 46. 

[291] Duchesne (1621) Châtillon, Preuves, p. 3. 

[292] Duchesne (1621) Châtillon, Preuves, p. 3. 

[293] Huillard-Bréholles (1867), Tome I, 174 A, p. 37. 

[294] Huillard-Bréholles (1867), Tome I, 174 A, p. 37. 

[295] Corberon, A. A. C. de (1911) Les Sires de Châtillon-en-Bazois, Pièces justificatives, I, p. 95. 

[296] Corberon (1911), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 95. 

[297] Duchesne (1621) Châtillon, Preuves, p. 3. 

[298] Corberon (1911), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 95. 

[299] Duchesne (1621) Châtillon, Preuves, p. 4. 

[300] Autun (Charmasse), Vol. I, LXVIII, p. 147. 

[301] Huillard-Bréholles (1867), Tome I, 176, p. 37. 

[302] Huillard-Bréholles (1867), Tome I, 176, p. 37. 

[303] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 124. 

[304] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 294. 

[305] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 294. 

[306] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 292. 

[307] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 298. 

[308] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 294. 

[309] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 295. 

[310] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 295. 

[311] Autun (Charmasse), Vol. I, LXVIII, p. 147. 

[312] Corberon (1911), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 95. 

[313] Corberon (1911), Pièces justificatives, II, p. 97. 

[314] Corberon (1911), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 95. 

[315] Autun (Charmasse), Vol. I, LXVIII, p. 147. 

[316] Corberon (1911), Pièces justificatives, IV, p. 99. 

[317] Plancher (1741), Tome II, Preuves, XL, p. xvi. 

[318] Duchesne (1621) Châtillon, Preuves, p. 4. 

[319] Lalore (1885), 221, p. 114, quoting Archives de l’Aube. 

[320] Duchesne (1631) Dreux, Broyes et Châteauvillain, Preuves, p. 52. 

[321] Duchesne (1631) Dreux, Broyes et Châteauvillain, Preuves, p. 52. 

[322] Duchesne (1631) Dreux, Broyes et Châteauvillain, Preuves, p. 52. 

[323] Cluny, Tome III, 2693, p. 721. 

[324] Gallia Christiana, Tome IV, Instrumenta, Instrumenta Ecclesiæ Cabilonensis, XIII, col. 233. 

[325] Cluny, Tome IV, 3348, p. 444. 

[326] Cluny, Tome IV, 3348, p. 444. 

[327] Bouchard (1987), p. 313. 

[328] Bouchard (1987), p. 327, citing Richard, J.’Origines féodales. Les Chalon’, Annales de Bourgogne 18 (1946), p. 116. 

[329] Gallia Christiana, Tome IV, Instrumenta, Instrumenta Ecclesiæ Cabilonensis, XIII, col. 233. 

[330] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 16. 

[331] Bouchard (1987), p. 327, citing Richard, J.’Origines féodales. Les Chalon’, Annales de Bourgogne 18 (1946), p. 116. 

[332] Bouchard (1987), p. 327, citing Richard, J.’Origines féodales. Les Chalon’, Annales de Bourgogne 18 (1946), p. 116. 

[333] Bouchard (1987), p. 327, citing Richard, J.’Origines féodales. Les Chalon’, Annales de Bourgogne 18 (1946), p. 116. 

[334] Cluny, Tome IV, 3348, p. 444. 

[335] Cluny, Tome IV, 3348, p. 444. 

[336] Bouchard (1987), p. 327, citing Richard, J.’Origines féodales. Les Chalon’, Annales de Bourgogne 18 (1946), p. 116. 

[337] Bouchard (1987), p. 327, citing Richard, J.’Origines féodales. Les Chalon’, Annales de Bourgogne 18 (1946), p. 116. 

[338] La Charité-sur-Loire LVIII, p. 140. 

[339] La Charité-sur-Loire LVIII, p. 140. 

[340] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 41. 

[341] ES III 435. 

[342] ES III 435. 

[343] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 41. 

[344] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 53, and Yonne, Tome II, 279, p. 298. 

[345] ES III 435. 

[346] Lalore (1885), 55, p. 27, quoting Bibliothèque de Troyes Cartulaire de Clairvaux, p. 177. 

[347] Mores 27, p. 60. 

[348] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 41. 

[349] La Charité-sur-Loire LVIII, p. 140. 

[350] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 41. 

[351] RHGF, Tome XII, p. 128, footnote. 

[352] Historia Gloriosi Regis Ludovici VII, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 128. 

[353] Gesta Ambaziensium Dominorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 213. 

[354] Duchesne (1625) Vergy, Preuves, p. 86 (second page of this number, towards the end of the volume). 

[355] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de Pontlevoy, p. 209.        

[356] Historia Gloriosi Regis Ludovici VII, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 128. 

[357] Histoire d’Auxerre (1850), Tome IV, p. 41. 

[358] La Charité-sur-Loire LVIII, p. 140. 

[359] La Charité-sur-Loire LXXVI, p. 171. 

[360] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 15. 

[361] La Charité-sur-Loire LXXVI, p. 171. 

[362] Duchesne (1625) Vergy, Preuves, p. 89 (second page of this number, towards the end of the volume). 

[363] La Charité-sur-Loire LXXVI, p. 171. 

[364] Duchesne (1625) Vergy, Preuves, p. 89 (second page of this number, towards the end of the volume). 

[365] Yonne, Tome II, CDL, p. 459. 

[366] Chartres Saint-Jean-en-Vallée, 181, p. 65. 

[367] Duchesne (1625) Vergy, Preuves, p. 89 (second page of this number, towards the end of the volume). 

[368] Bouchard (1987), p. 329. 

[369] Duchesne (1625) Vergy, Preuves, p. 89 (second page of this number, towards the end of the volume). 

[370] Duchesne (1625) Vergy, Preuves, p. 90 (second page of this number, towards the end of the volume). 

[371] Chartres Saint-Jean-en-Vallée, 181, p. 65. 

[372] Kerrebrouck (2000), pp. 457-8. 

[373] Guillaume de Nangis, p. 130. 

[374] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1217, MGH SS XXIII, p. 906. 

[375] Chronologia Roberti Altissiodorensis, RHGF, Tome XVIII, p. 263. 

[376] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes V, 128, p. 44. 

[377] Duchesne (1625) Vergy, Preuves, p. 89 (second page of this number, towards the end of the volume). 

[378] Duchesne (1625) Vergy, Preuves, p. 90 (second page of this number, towards the end of the volume). 

[379] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes V, 128, p. 44. 

[380] Tiron Sainte-Trinité, p. 80 footnote 1 (continued from p. 79), quoting Archives de la Sarthe, H 84 à H 87. 

[381] Villehardouin (1963), 16, p. 120. 

[382] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Eglise cathédrale de Chartres, Obituaire du xii siècle, p. 59.       

[383] Tiron Sainte-Trinité, Tome II, p. 80 footnote 1 (continued from p. 79), quoting Archives de la Sarthe, H 84 à H 87. 

[384] Chartres Notre-Dame, Tome II, 157, p. 20. 

[385] Duchesne (1625) Vergy, Preuves, p. 103 (second page of this number, towards the end of the volume). 

[386] Tiron Sainte-Trinité, Tome II, p. 80 footnote 1 (continued from p. 79), quoting Archives de la Sarthe, H 84 à H 87.