NORTHERN FRANCE, nobility

  v 3.1 Updated 02 August 2014

 

RETURN TO INDEX

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 3

Chapter 1.                COMTES d'AMIENS. 6

A.         COMTES d’AMIENS.. 6

B.         COMTES d’AMIENS (SEIGNEURS de BOVES) 12

C.        CHÂTELAINS d’AMIENS.. 25

D.        VIDAMES d’AMIENS (PICQUIGNY) 30

E.         SEIGNEURS d’ENCRE.. 38

F.         SEIGNEURS de HANGEST. 39

Chapter 2.                COMTES d'ARTOIS. 48

A.         COMTES d'ARTOIS 1237-1329 (CAPET) 48

B.         SEIGNEUR de CONCHES 1298-1332 (CAPET) 52

C.        COMTES de DOUAI 57

D.        CHÂTELAINS de DOUAI 58

E.         SEIGNEURS de CARENCY.. 64

F.         SEIGNEURS de LILLERS.. 71

Chapter 3.                COMTES de BOULOGNE. 71

A.         COMTES de BOULOGNE.. 72

B.         COMTES de BOULOGNE (FLANDERS) 73

C.        COMTES de BOULOGNE (BLOIS-CHAMPAGNE and FLANDRE-LORRAINE) 87

D.        SEIGNEURS de FIENNES.. 90

E.         AVOUES de SAINT-BERTIN.. 97

F.         CHÂTELAINS de SAINT-OMER (FAUQUEMBERGHES) 102

Chapter 4.                COMTES de GUINES. 114

A.         COMTES de GUINES.. 114

B.         COMTES de GUINES (GENT) 122

C.        VICOMTES de GUINES.. 138

D.        SEIGNEURS d’ARDRES, VICOMTES de MARCHIENNES.. 139

E.         SEIGNEURS de BAVELINGHEM.. 147

F.         CHÂTELAINS de BOURBOURG.. 149

Chapter 5.                COMTES de HESDIN. 156

A.         COMTES de HESDIN.. 156

B.         SEIGNEURS de HOUDAIN.. 158

Chapter 6.                COMTES de LENS. 161

Chapter 7.                COMTES de MONTREUIL. 163

Chapter 8.                COMTES d'OSTREVANT. 169

Chapter 9.                COMTES de PONTHIEU. 171

A.         COMTES de PONTHIEU.. 171

B.         COMTES de PONTHIEU (BELLÊME-MONTGOMMERY) 174

C.        COMTES de PONTHIEU (DAMMARTIN) 185

D.        COMTES de PONTHIEU (CASTILE) 190

E.         SEIGNEURS de CAYEUX.. 192

F.         VICOMTES de DOULLENS.. 209

Chapter 10.              COMTES de ROUCY. 210

A.         COMTES de ROUCY (ORIGINS) 210

B.         COMTES de ROUCY (MONTDIDIER) 218

C.        COMTES de ROUCY (PIERREPONT) 227

Chapter 11.              COMTES de SAINT-POL. 236

A.         COMTES de SAINT-POL (ORIGINS) 236

B.         COMTES de SAINT-POL (CHÂTILLON) 247

Chapter 12.              COMTES de VALOIS et du VEXIN. 257

A.         COMTES de VALOIS et du VEXIN.. 257

B.         VICOMTES du VEXIN.. 262

Chapter 13.              COMTES de VERMANDOIS. 263

A.         COMTES de VERMANDOIS 896-1080 (CAROLINGIAN) 263

B.         COMTES de VERMANDOIS 1080-1214 (CAPET) 276

C.        SEIGNEURS de CHAUMONT-en-Vexin. 285

D.        VICOMTES de CHAUMONT-en-Vexin. 287

E.         SEIGNEURS de CHAUMONT-GUITRY [en-Vexin] 291

F.         SEIGNEURS de GUISE.. 300

G.        SEIGNEURS de HAM.. 306

H.        CHÂTELAINS de NOYON, SEIGNEURS de THOUROTTE.. 311

I.      SEIGNEURS de PERONNE.. 325

J.         SEIGNEURS de ROYE.. 328

K.         CHÂTELAINS de ROYE.. 334

L.         SEIGNEURS de TRIE.. 336

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The nobility shown here under "Northern France" is grouped together for geographical convenience.  The area never developed as a single political entity at any time during the medieval period, for the reasons suggested below. 

 

The territory corresponds approximately to the present-day French départements of Pas-de-Calais, Somme, Nord and Aisne, as well as what was the non-imperial part of the county of Flanders.  In the middle medieval period, the area was bordered to the south-west by the duchy of Normandy, to the south by the domaine royale of the Capetian kings of France, to the south-east by the county of Champagne and to the east by imperial territory.  Ecclesiastically, it fell within the province of Reims, and was divided into the bishoprics of Amiens, Arras, Cambrai (an archbishopric from the 16th century, when it was subdivided into the bishoprics of Antwerp and Mechelen), Laon, Noyon, Thérouanne (later divided into the bishoprics of Boulogne, Ypres and St Omer) and Tournai (from which Bruges and Gent were established as separate bishoprics in the 16th century)[1]

 

The area was dominated in the north by the counts of Flanders and in the south by the counts of Vermandois.  The balanced rivalry between these two counties appears to have been the major factor which prevented the emergence of a single political force in northern France during the early 10th century.  The county of Flanders was formed around Bruges in 863, when Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks granted the pagus flandrensis to Baudouin, who had earlier abducted the king's daughter.  The grant was subsequently expanded to include Ternois, the land of Waas and the lay abbacy of St Pieter of Gent[2].  Baudouin II Count of Flanders expanded the family's territory into Courtrai, Boulogne and Ternois.  The county of Vermandois was formed by Héribert, a descendant of the early Carolingian kings of Italy whose direct ancestors had established themselves as counts in the area north of Paris.  Héribert acquired Vermandois and Saint-Quentin in 896, followed by Soissons in 898[3].    His son count Héribert [II] acquired control over the archbishopric of Reims by engineering the appointment of his infant son as archbishop in 925.  He also acquired Amiens, the Vexin and Artois, although these territories were disputed by Arnoul I Count of Flanders.  The rivalry between the counts of Vermandois and the counts of Flanders was triggered in 896 by the murder of the brother of Count Baudouin II by the forces of count Héribert [I] and persisted throughout the first half of the 10th century.  The two power-bases appear to have been evenly balanced, the result being that neither was able to dominate the whole of northern France. 

 

A second factor which must have rendered domination by either side more difficult was that the territory of the bishopric of Cambrai, located directly north of Vermandois and south of Flanders, had been allocated to Lotharingia under the 843 treaty of Verdun, while the rest of northern France fell within the kingdom of the West Franks.  Cambrai therefore represented a political barrier to either side extending control into the eastern part of the other's territory.  Both the Flanders and Vermandois families lost political power during the early part of the second half of the 10th century.  The territory of the Vermandois family was partitioned after the death of count Héribert [II] in 943 to provide appanages for his three sons, none of whom appears to have inherited their father's energy.  In the following century, most of the county of Vermandois passed by inheritance into the domaine royale of the Capetian kings.  In Flanders, count Arnoul was succeeded in 965 by his infant grandson, under the guardianship of the French king Lothaire who was able to take control of Artois and Ostrevant, thereby establishing a permanent barrier to any further southward expansion by Flanders. 

 

The county of Boulogne on the North Sea coast developed under the control of the counts of Flanders.  The history of the county before its capture by Flanders has not been traced.  The first Flemish count of Boulogne was Adalolf, who succeeded his father Baudouin II Count of Flanders in Boulogne in 918.  Adalolf and his immediate successors acquired control over Thérouanne, Fauquemberghes and Saint-Omer in the northern part of Ternois, but these territories were seized by Baudouin IV Count of Flanders in the early 1000s.   The county Boulogne was held by the same family until the 1120s, when it passed by marriage to a branch of the counts of Blois.  A younger brother of Eustache II Comte de Boulogne briefly held the county of Lens in the mid-11th century, before it was incorporated into Flanders. 

 

During the late 9th and 10th centuries counties are recorded at Cambrai (see LOWER LOTHARINGIAN NOBILITY) and Laon, to the north and east of Vermandois.  The details of the history of the county of Laon are obscure.  Roger II Count of Laon was dispossessed in 931. 

 

The area around Ponthieu, extending approximately from the river Canche in the north to the river Somme in the south, was conquered by Arnoul I Count of Flanders in [940].  It developed into a separate county in the early 11th century, based around territory which was granted by Hugues "Capet" King of France to Hugues, avocat de Saint-Riquier, who had married the king's daughter some time in the 980s.  The county was inherited by the Norman family of Bellême/Montgommery in the late 11th century, and by the family of the counts of Dammartin in the early 1220s.  A disputed inheritance resulted in the county passing into English control in 1281. 

 

The county of Guines was founded in 928 by the Viking Siegfried in the northern coastal part of the county of Boulogne, his descendants in the male line continuing to rule the county until 1137, according to the 12th century Historia Comitum Ghisnensium although there are doubts concerning the accuracy of this source as discussed further below.  Thereafter, the county passed by marriage to the family of the châtelain (burchgraeve in Flemish) of Gand/Gent who remained in control until the late 13th century. 

 

In the southern part of Ternois, the county of Saint-Pol was formed in the early 11th century as a fiefdom of the county of Boulogne.  The county remained in the same family until the late 12th century when it passed by marriage to the Seigneurs de Châtillon-sur-Marne, a noble family from Champagne. 

 

Families of the lesser nobility also included in this document include the Châtelains de Bourbourg, from the early 12th century, the Châtelains de Douai (from the mid-11th century, who also acquired the châtellenie of Cambrai by marriage), the Seigneurs de Guise, and the Seigneurs de Chaumont-en-Vexin (descendants of the counts of Vermandois). 

 

The counts of Flanders are shown in the document "FLANDERS, Counts", and the nobility associated with them in "FLANDERS, Nobility". 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    COMTES d'AMIENS

 

 

 

A.      COMTES d’AMIENS

 

 

1.         ANGILWIN (-after 30 Mar [850/51]).  [Comte d’Amiens].  Angilvin is not accorded the comital title in the document which is quoted below.  However, the extent of the donation, and the fact that the property in question had been granted to him directly by the Carolingian monarch, suggests that he may have exercised comital jurisdiction in Amiens.  No further information relating to Angilwin has been found apart from this charter.  “Angilguinus et conjunx mea Rumildis” donated property, “quas quondam Ludovicus imperator et Karolus rex” had granted them “jure proprietario...in pago Ambianense in villa...Fontanas super fluvio Salam”, and named serfs to Amiens Cathedral “ubi...preest...Helmeradus episcopus” by charter dated 30 Mar [850/51][4].  m RUMILDE, daughter of ---.  Angilguinus et conjunx mea Rumildis” donated property, “quas quondam Ludovicus imperator et Karolus rex” had granted them “jure proprietario...in pago Ambianense in villa...Fontanas super fluvio Salam”, and named serfs to Amiens cathedral by charter dated 30 Mar [850/51][5]. 

 

 

1.         GAUTHIER [I] ([before 925]-after 987).  Two possible parentages of Gauthier [I] have been suggested.  Firstly, Edouard de Saint-Phalle suggests that he was Gauthier, son of Raoul [I] Comte [d'Ostrevant][6].  This possible parentage is also shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[7].  The primary source which suggests that this might be the case has not yet been identified.  The second possibility is that he was the same person as Gauthier Comte de Dreux: the editor of the compilation of Chartres charters suggests that "Walterius…comitis Waleranni filius" (Gauthier Comte de Dreux) inherited "comes Velcassinus" (Vexin) from his father, and "Ambianensis" (Amiens) from "matre autem Eldegarde" (acquiring Dreux from his wife's family)[8].  The primary sources on which this information is based have not yet been identified.  However, two facts suggest that this second hypothesis may be correct.  Firstly, Gauthier Comte de Dreux is also recorded with a wife named Eva (although the necrology entries quoted here and in PARIS REGION NOBILITY (Comtes de Dreux) suggest that there were two countesses of that name at the time).  Secondly, the castle of Mantes, occupied by the descendants of Gauthier Comte d'Amiens, was near Dreux.  One possible resolution of the problem is signposted by Seversmith who states that Gauthier [I] was the son of "Raoul de Gouy" whose wife he names "Eldearde"[9].  As will be seen above, the wife of Waleran, supposed father of Gauthier [I] under the second possible case, is named "Eldegardis".  If Seversmith is correct, it is possible that Eldegardis married firstly Raoul [I] Comte [d’Ostrevant] and secondly Gauthier Comte de Dreux, and that Gauthier [I] was the son of her first marriage.  It should be noted that the charter dated to before 967 under which Eldegardis made a donation for the soul of her husband Waleran, with the consent of "Walterio comite filio meo", does not specify that Gauthier was Waleran’s son[10], although the omission of an earlier husband from the document would be surprising if that husband had been Gauthier’s father.   "Wauterii comitis, Walterii et Radulfi filiorum eius" subscribed a charter dated 975 under which "Hugo Francorum dux" restored the abbey of Saint-Jean to the abbey of Sainte-Croix d'Orléans[11]Comte d'Amiens.  A charter of "Hugo…Francorum rex" confirming the privileges of the monastery of Corvey dated 987 is subscribed by "Walteri comitis Ambianensis ac filiorum eius Walteri, Gotfredi, Rodulfi"[12].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés records the death "XIX Kal Feb" of "Gualterii comitis"[13]m firstly EVA, daughter of --- (-[19 Jan or 23 Nov] ----).  Aeva” donated “alodum...Fulloni Campum et Mansum Roberti in villa Ludolmis in pago Castrinse” to Saint-Germain-des-Prés, for the souls of “meæ...senioris mei Walterii”, by undated charter[14]The necrology of the abbey of Sainte-Colombe records the death "XIV Kal Feb" of "Eve comitisse"[15].  m secondly ADELA, daughter of ---.  A list of members of the Cathedral of Paris lists (in order) "…Walterius comes, Adela comitissa…"[16].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[17], she was Adela d'Anjou, daughter of Foulques [I] "le Roux" Comte d'Anjou & his wife Roscilla [de Loches] (after 909-).  The primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified; it is possible that it is speculative, based on one of her sons being named Foulques.  Comte Gauthier [I] & his [first/second] wife had five children: 

a)         GAUTHIER [II] "le Blanc" (-after 1017).  A charter of "Hugo…Francorum rex" confirming the privileges of the monastery of Corvey dated 987 is subscribed by "Walteri comitis Ambianensis ac filiorum eius Walteri, Gotfredi, Rodulfi"[18]Comte d'Amiens et du Vexin. 

-        see below

b)         RAOUL .  "Wauterii comitis, Walterii et Radulfi filiorum eius" subscribed a charter dated 975 under which "Hugo Francorum dux" restored the abbey of Saint-Jean to the abbey of Sainte-Croix d'Orléans[19].  A charter of "Hugo…Francorum rex" confirming the privileges of the monastery of Corvey dated 987 is subscribed by "Walteri comitis Ambianensis ac filiorum eius Walteri, Gotfredi, Rodulfi"[20]

c)         GUY (-[995]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Bishop of Soissons [970].  Adalberon Archbishop of Reims founded abbatia Mosomagensis by charter dated 972, subscribed by “Wido Suessionensis ecclesiæ episcopus...[21].  "...Widonis Suessionensis episcopi..." subscribed the charter dated 987 under which Hugues King of France issued orders at the request of “Mangaudus ex monasterio Corbeiæ[22]

d)         GODEFROY .  A charter of "Hugo…Francorum rex" confirming the privileges of the monastery of Corvey dated 987 is subscribed by "Walteri comitis Ambianensis ac filiorum eius Walteri, Gotfredi, Rodulfi"[23]

e)         FOULQUES .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  same person as...?  FOULQUES (-[1030]).  Bishop of Amiens [993].  According to Gallia Christiana, Bishop Foulques was “Galterii comitis Ambianorum...ex Aleide Crespeia natu minor” (no primary source cited)[24].  “...Fulco Ambianensis episcopus...” subscribed the charter dated to [1008] under which Robert II King of France confirmed donations to Saint-Denis[25]

 

 

GAUTHIER [II] "le Blanc", son of GAUTHIER [I] Comte d'Amiens & his [first/second] wife [Eva---/Adela ---] (-after 1017).  "Wauterii comitis, Walterii et Radulfi filiorum eius" subscribed a charter dated 975 under which "Hugo Francorum dux" restored the abbey of Saint-Jean to the abbey of Sainte-Croix d'Orléans[26].  A charter of "Hugo…Francorum rex" confirming the privileges of the monastery of Corvey dated 987 is subscribed by "Walteri comitis Ambianensis ac filiorum eius Walteri, Gotfredi, Rodulfi"[27]Comte de Mantes.  "Walterius comes" donated property "prope nostrum castellum…Medanta" to "Carnotensi monasterio Sancti Petri", for the soul of "coniugis mee Adelidis filiorumque meorum", by charter to [1006], signed by "Walterii comitis, Rodulfi filii eius, Drogonis filii eius…"[28]Comte d'Amiens et du Vexin.   

m ADELA, daughter of ---.  "Walterius comes" donated property "prope nostrum castellum…Medanta" to "Carnotensi monasterio Sancti Petri", for the soul of "coniugis mee Adelidis filiorumque meorum", by charter to [1006], signed by "Walterii comitis, Rodulfi filii eius, Drogonis filii eius…"[29]

Comte Gauthier [II] & his wife had four children: 

1.         RAOUL de Mantes (-1060).  "Walterius comes" donated property "prope nostrum castellum…Medanta" to "Carnotensi monasterio Sancti Petri", for the soul of "coniugis mee Adelidis filiorumque meorum", by charter to [1006], signed by "Walterii comitis, Rodulfi filii eius, Drogonis filii eius…"[30]Comte de Valois et d'Amiens. 

-        COMTES de VALOIS

2.         DREUX [Drogo] de Mantes (-[13 Aug] [1035])"Walterius comes" donated property "prope nostrum castellum…Medanta" to "Carnotensi monasterio Sancti Petri", for the soul of "coniugis mee Adelidis filiorumque meorum", by charter to [1006], signed by "Walterii comitis, Rodulfi filii eius, Drogonis filii eius…"[31].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Mantes.  Comte d'Amboise.  "Droco comes Ambianensium" donated property to "Sancti Petri Gismoensis" by undated charter, signed by "Droconis comitis, Eotde comitissæ, Falconis fratris comitis, Rodulfi filiii comitis, Gualterii alterius filii…"[32].  “Droco...comes Wilcassianensium” restored “villam...Calceatus in Wlcassino” [Chaussy-en-Vexin] to Saint-Wandrille by charter dated 7 Apr 1024[33].  Robert II King of France confirmed to the abbot of Saint-Germain and Saint-Vincent that he had forced noster comes Drogo...cum duobus fratribus Fulcone...et Rodulfo necnon uxore cum filiis supramemorati Drogonis” to renounce rights to revenue from “in villa...Domni Martini...” to Saint-Germain-des-Prés by charter dated [1 Jan/1 Mar]1031[34]He accompanied Robert II Duke of Normandy to Jerusalem and died on the journey[35].  According to Orderic Vitalis, Henri I King of France took back the Vexin after the death of Comte Drogo[36].  The necrology of Reims Saint-Rémi records the death "X Kal Aug" of "Drogo comes"[37]m ([1025 or before]) as her first husband, GODGIFU [Goda] of England, daughter of ÆTHELRED II "the Unready" King of England & his second wife Emma de Normandie (-before 1049).  Her parentage is stated by Orderic Vitalis, who says that Godgifu went into exile in Normandy with her brother[38] in 1013.  According to Orderic Vitalis, her first marriage was arranged by Robert II Duke of Normandy[39], indicating that she probably did not return to England.  This information is suspect, assuming that the charter of "Robertus Rex", which names "Comes Drogo…cum duobus fratribus Fulcone…et Rodulpho necnon uxore cum filiis supra memorati Drogonis", is correctly dated to 1025 as Duke Robert did not succeed as duke until 1027[40].  Another possibility is that Drogo's children at that date were born from an earlier otherwise unrecorded marriage.  There is no indication of the birth dates of his known children shown below, but the fact that none of them was given a typically Anglo-Saxon name also suggests that Godgifu may not have been the mother of all of them (although she is attested as mother of the son Raoul, see below).  "Droco comes Ambianensium" donated property to "Sancti Petri Gismoensis" by undated charter, signed by "Droconis comitis, Eotde comitissæ, Falconis fratris comitis, Rodulfi filiii comitis, Gualterii alterius filii…"[41].  Godgifu married secondly ([1036]) as his first wife, Eustache [II] Comte de Boulogne .  Her second marriage is referred to by Florence of Worcester[42].  Comte Drogo & his wife had two children: 

a)         RAOUL de Mantes ([1025/30]-21 Dec 1057, bur Peterborough).  His parentage is given by Orderic Vitalis37.  Florence of Worcester calls Raoul the "son of King Edward's sister"[43].  "Droco comes Ambianensium" donated property to "Sancti Petri Gismoensis" by undated charter, signed by "Droconis comitis, Eotde comitissæ, Falconis fratris comitis, Rodulfi filiii comitis, Gualterii alterius filii…"[44].  Simeon of Durham names "earl Rodulph the son of king Eadward's sister Goda" in 1051[45].  Earl of Hereford. 

-        EARLS of HEREFORD, Families of SUDELEY and TRACY

b)         GAUTHIER [III] de Mantes (before [29 Mar 1030/10 Apr 1031]-poisoned Falaise [2 Aug] 1063).  His parentage is given by Orderic Vitalis, who lists him after his brother Raoul[46].  "Drogo comes" agreed to donate property to Jumièges by charter dated to [29 Mar 1030/10 Apr 1031] subscribed by "Walterii filius eius"[47].  "Droco comes Ambianensium" donated property to "Sancti Petri Gismoensis" by undated charter, signed by "Droconis comitis, Eotde comitissæ, Falconis fratris comitis, Rodulfi filiii comitis, Gualterii alterius filii…"[48].  He succeeded his father in 1035 as Comte de Mantes.  "Comes Gualterius" donated property to Chartres Saint-Père by charter dated 22 Jan 1060 which names "pater meus Drogo comes"[49].  He claimed the county of Maine, by right of his wife, after the death in Mar 1062 of her nephew Héribert [II] Comte du Maine and took possession[50].  Guillaume II Duke of Normandy defeated and imprisoned him end-1063.  Orderic Vitalis records that Gauthier and his wife died "poisoned - so the rumour goes - by the evil machinations of their enemies", and that Duke Guillaume took control over Maine after this[51].  The necrology of Saint-Père-en-Vallée records the death "IV Non Aug" of "Gualterius comes"[52], which may refer to Comte Gauthier [III].  m BIOTE du Maine, daughter of HERIBERT [I] "Eveille-Chien" Comte du Maine & his wife --- (-poisoned Falaise 1063).  Guillaume de Poitiers names "la sœur de Hugues" as wife of "Gautier comte de Mantes", when recording the latter's claim to Maine[53].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. 

3.         FOULQUES de Mantes .  Robert II King of France confirmed to the abbot of Saint-Germain and Saint-Vincent that he had forced noster comes Drogo...cum duobus fratribus Fulcone...et Rodulfo necnon uxore cum filiis supramemorati Drogonis” to renounce rights to revenue from “in villa...Domni Martini...” to Saint-Germain-des-Prés by charter dated [1 Jan/1 Mar]1031[54]"Droco comes Ambianensium" donated property to "Sancti Petri Gismoensis" by undated charter, signed by "Droconis comitis, Eotde comitissæ, Falconis fratris comitis, Rodulfi filiii comitis, Gualterii alterius filii…"[55]same person as...?  FOULQUES de Mantes (-1058)Bishop of Amiens .  According to Gallia Christiana, Bishop Foulques was “nepos” of his predecessor (no primary source cited)[56].  Orderic Vitalis names Foulques as third son of Dreux Comte de Mantes and his wife Godgifu of England and specifies that he was Bishop of Amiens[57].  Foulques Bishop of Amiens is named in charters from early in the reign of Henri King of France.  It is difficult to determine which of these charters may relate to his predecessor, also named Foulques. However, if they relate to Bishop Foulques who died in 1058 it is unlikely that Orderic Vitalis was correct about his parentage.  It is possible, therefore, that Bishop Foulques was the brother of Dreux Comte de Mantes, who is named below, not his son.  Henri I King of France granted privileges to Amiens, with the consent of “Fulcone Ambianensi et Gualtero comite”, by charter dated 1057[58]. 

4.         daughter .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the mother of "Waleranni comitis [Mellentini]" as daughter of "Gauterus Albus de Albamarla"[59].  Yves de Chartres names "Gualterius Albus" as father of "matrem Gualeranni comitis"[60]m HUGUES Comte de Meulan, son of GALERAN [II] Comte de Meulan & his wife --- (-after 25 Aug 1005). 

 

 

1.         GUY (-after [1091/94]).  Comte d’Amiens.  A charter dated to [1091/94] records the donation by "comites Ambianis Guido…et Ivo" of their possessions in "vicecomitatus de villa Duri et Sancti Mauricii" to Amiens Cathedral, although the document is suspect as the language is atypical of charters of the time[61]

 

2.         YVES (-after [1091/94]).  Comte d’Amiens.  A charter dated to [1091/94] records the donation by "comites Ambianis Guido…et Ivo" of their possessions in "vicecomitatus de villa Duri et Sancti Mauricii" to Amiens Cathedral, although the document is suspect as the language is atypical of charters of the time[62]

 

 

 

B.      COMTES d’AMIENS (SEIGNEURS de BOVES)

 

 

1.         HUGUES [de Boves] .  Ducange suggests that Hugues, who is only named in the charter dated 1117 which is cited below, could only have claimed that the "bourg du château de Crespy" (the subject of the dispute) belonged to him if he was related to the comtes d’Amiens who are shown in Part A of the present chapter[63]m ---.  The name of Hugues’s wife is not known.  Hugues & his wife had one child: 

a)         DREUX [Drogo] de Boves (-[1071/76]).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 1117 which records a dispute between the monks of Saint-Arnoul de Crespy and [his son] "miles Ingelrannus" who claimed "quoddam burgum in suburbio castri situm" [château de Crespy] possessed "tam a avo suo quam a suo patre Drogone", and granted to his mother as dower, while the monks claimed that "Walterus…comes Ambianensis simul et Crespeiensis cum uxore sua Adela" [Gauthier [II] "le Blanc" Comte d’Amiens, see part A above] had donated the land, as confirmed by Robert II King of France and others, and that "Hugo avus eius" who had invaded the place with violence had later relinquished it, retaining "mansuram suam" in return for an annual payment[64].  Seigneur de Boves.  "Drogonis de Bova, Nevelonis de Bova" subscribed the charter dated 1042 under which "Theobaldus et Stefanus frater meus germanus" [Thibaut III Comte de Blois and Etienne Comte de Troyes] donated "alodium nostrum…in pago Ambianensi super fluvium Iseræ…Crissiacum…[et] Gaudiaco et Rivaria" {Croissy, Gouy en Amiénois}, for the soul of "patris nostri Odonis comitis"[65].  "Drogo Bovensis, Robertus filius eius, Oilardus miles ipsius" subscribed the charter dated 1069 under which "Rodulphus…Ambianensis comes" regulated rights of the vicomtes in the lands of the monks of Saint-Firmin and donated property to the church of Amiens[66].  Guy Bishop of Amiens names "Drogonis Bovensis…uxor illius ac filii Ingelrannus…et Robertus, Ansellusque", in the presence of "Eustachius vicedominus, Guermundus frater eius", in an undated charter relating to "advocatione et vicecomitatu Costency"[67]m --- (-after [1071/76]).  The name of Dreux's wife is not known.  She outlived her husband according to the charter dated 1117 which is cited above.  Dreux & his wife had four children: 

i)          ENGUERRAND [I] de Boves (-[1117]).  Guy Bishop of Amiens names "Drogonis Bovensis…uxor illius ac filii Ingelrannus…et Robertus, Ansellusque", in the presence of "Eustachius vicedominus, Guermundus frater eius", in an undated charter relating to "advocatione et vicecomitatu Costency"[68].  Seigneur de Boves et de la Fère-sur-Oise. 

-         see below

ii)         ROBERT de Boves .  Guy Bishop of Amiens names "Drogonis Bovensis…uxor illius ac filii Ingelrannus…et Robertus, Ansellusque", in the presence of "Eustachius vicedominus, Guermundus frater eius", in an undated charter relating to "advocatione et vicecomitatu Costency"[69].  "Drogo Bovensis, Robertus filius eius, Oilardus miles ipsius" subscribed the charter dated 1069 under which "Rodulphus…Ambianensis comes" regulated rights of the vicomtes in the lands of the monks of Saint-Firmin and donated property to the church of Amiens[70].  A charter dated 28 Nov 1131 records the donation of "Cais" to the monastery of Lihons Saint-Pierre by "bone memorie Ingelrannus de Fara et Anselmus clericus frater eius et Robertus tertius frater, annuente Mathildi sorore sua" and the later confirmation by "Robertus de Cais, prefati Anselmi filius"[71]

iii)        ANSEAU de Boves .  Guy Bishop of Amiens names "Drogonis Bovensis…uxor illius ac filii Ingelrannus…et Robertus, Ansellusque", in the presence of "Eustachius vicedominus, Guermundus frater eius", in an undated charter relating to "advocatione et vicecomitatu Costency"[72].  1069.  A charter dated 28 Nov 1131 records the donation of "Cais" to the monastery of Lihons Saint-Pierre by "bone memorie Ingelrannus de Fara et Anselmus clericus frater eius et Robertus tertius frater, annuente Mathildi sorore sua" and the later confirmation by "Robertus de Cais, prefati Anselmi filius"[73]m ---.  The name of Anseau’s wife is not known.  Anseau & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ROBERT de Cais .  A charter dated 28 Nov 1131 records the donation of "Cais" to the monastery of Lihons Saint-Pierre by "bone memorie Ingelrannus de Fara et Anselmus clericus frater eius et Robertus tertius frater, annuente Mathildi sorore sua" and the later confirmation by "Robertus de Cais, prefati Anselmi filius"[74]

iv)       MATHILDE de Boves .  A charter dated 28 Nov 1131 records the donation of "Cais" to the monastery of Lihons Saint-Pierre by "bone memorie Ingelrannus de Fara et Anselmus clericus frater eius et Robertus tertius frater, annuente Mathildi sorore sua" and the later confirmation by "Robertus de Cais, prefati Anselmi filius"[75]

 

 

The precise relationship between the following person and the main Boves family has not been traced, but his name following that of Dreux de Boves in the witness list of the charter quoted below suggests a close relationship: 

1.         NIVELONG de Boves (-after 1042).  "Drogonis de Bova, Nevelonis de Bova" subscribed the charter dated 1042 under which "Theobaldus et Stefanus frater meus germanus" [Thibaut III Comte de Blois and Etienne Comte de Troyes] donated "alodium nostrum…in pago Ambianensi super fluvium Iseræ…Crissiacum…[et] Gaudiaco et Rivaria" {Croissy, Gouy en Amiénois}, for the soul of "patris nostri Odonis comitis"[76]

 

 

ENGUERRAND [I] de Boves, son of DREUX [Drogo] de Boves & his wife --- (-[1117]).  Guy Bishop of Amiens names "Drogonis Bovensis…uxor illius ac filii Ingelrannus…et Robertus, Ansellusque", in the presence of "Eustachius vicedominus, Guermundus frater eius", in an undated charter relating to "advocatione et vicecomitatu Costency"[77].  Seigneur de Boves et de la Fère-sur-Oise.  Comte d'Amiens 1085: "Enguerrand comte d’Amiens et avoué de Boves" is named in a charter of the abbey of Saint-Acheul dated 1085[78]Seigneur de Coucy [1085].  "…Ingelrannus de Codiciaco…et Thomas filius eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1086 which confirmed property of the church of Reims[79].  The date when Enguerrand [I] acquired Coucy is difficult to establish precisely.  The Vita Sancti Arnulfi Suessionensis Episcopi records that "vir nobilis, militiæ actibus implicitus…Guido" married "uxorem…Ermengardem" and records that "Albricus frater eius, Cotidiaci dominus" was captured and expelled "per consilium suæ coniugis Avelinæ"[80].  The source does not specify who expelled Aubry from Coucy, but it is likely that it was Enguerrand.  Aubry is named for the last time in 1079 in French sources in connection with Coucy, so it is likely that his expulsion occurred after that date.  Presumably Enguerrand was acting to claim Coucy in the name of his wife, heiress of Coucy as suggested below.  Vicomte de Coucy 1095[81].  Suger's Vita Ludovici records that "Thomam de Marna" was besieged by "pater eius Engerrannus de Bova" at "castrum…Mons Acutus…in pago Laudunensi"[82].  A charter dated 1117 records a dispute between the monks of Saint-Arnoul de Crespy and [his son] "miles Ingelrannus" who claimed "quoddam burgum in suburbio castri situm" [château de Crespy] possessed "tam a avo suo quam a suo patre Drogone", and granted to his mother as dower, while the monks claimed that "Walterus…comes Ambianensis simul et Crespeiensis cum uxore sua Adela" [Gauthier [II] "le Blanc" Comte d’Amiens, see part A above] had donated the land, as confirmed by Robert II King of France and others, and that "Hugo avus eius" who had invaded the place with violence had later relinquished it, retaining "mansuram suam" in return for an annual payment[83]

m (repudiated) as her second husband, ADA de Marle, divorced wife of AUBRY [de Beaumont-sur-Oise] Vicomte de Coucy, daughter of LETARD de Roucy Seigneur de Marle & his wife ---.  Elinand Bishop of Laon donations made by "Albricus de Cociaco castro…cum uxore sua Adela et matre eius Malthilde" by charter dated 3 Nov 1059[84].  Her parentage and second marriage are indicated by the Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis which names "Letaldus de Marla…filiam nomine Adam" as mother of "Thomam de Marla"[85], read together with the sources which indicate that Thomas was the son of Enguerrand [I] de Bove Comte d’Amiens.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "filia…Letardi domni de Marla…Ada" as mother of "Thomam de Cocy"[86].  It is assumed that "Adela" in the first source is the same person as "Ada" in the second and third sources, but this is not beyond all doubt.  [Heiress of Coucy]: as Coucy passed from her first husband to her second husband, it is supposed that Ada was heiress of Coucy, although no primary source has yet been identified which confirms that this speculation is correct. 

Mistress (1): SIBYLLE de Porcien, wife of GODEFROI de Namur, daughter of ROGER Comte de Porcien & his wife Ermengarde ---.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Sibiliam filiam comitis Rogerii Porcensis" as wife of "comes Godefridus de Namuco"[87].  The Chronicon Huberti names "filiam suo [=Rogerus Porcensium comes] Sibillam" as wife of "Godefrido filio Alberti comitis Namucensis"[88].  Guibert de Nogent records that "Ingelrannus" abducted "filia…Rogeri comitis Porcensis", wife of "Namurensi…comiti Godefrido" and in a later passage that the couple had a daughter[89]

Enguerrand [I] & his first wife had two children:

1.         THOMAS de Coucy ([1070/75]]-[1130/31]).  The Annales Lobienses name "Letaldus de Marla…filiam nomine Adam" as mother of "Thomam de Marla"[90]Seigneur de Coucy et de Marle, Comte d'Amiens

-        see below

2.         BEATRIX de Boves (-1144).  Malbrancq records her parentage and marriage[91], but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  m [as his second wife,] ADAM Châtelain d’Amiens, son of --- (-1125 or after). 

Enguerrand had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

3.          daughter .  Guibert de Nogent records that "Ingelrannus" abducted "filia…Rogeri comitis Porcensis", wife of "Namurensi…comiti Godefrido" and in a later passage that the couple had a daughter[92]

 

 

THOMAS de Coucy, son of ENGUERRAND [I] de Boves Seigneur de Coucy & his first wife Ada de Marle [Roucy] ([1070/75]-[1130/31]).  The Annales Lobienses name "Letaldus de Marla…filiam nomine Adam" as mother of "Thomam de Marla"[93].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "filia…Letardi domni de Marla… Ada" as mother of "Thomam de Cocy"[94].  Guibert de Nogent names "Thomam, Ingelranni filium"[95].  "…Ingelrannus de Codiciaco…et Thomas filius eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1086 which confirmed property of the church of Reims[96].  William of Tyre records "…Thomas de Feria…" among those who joined the contingent led by Hugues Comte de Vermandois on the First Crusade in 1096[97].  Suger's Vita Ludovici records that "Thomam de Marna" was besieged by "pater eius Engerrannus de Bova" at "castrum…Mons Acutus…in pago Laudunensi"[98]Seigneur de Coucy et de Marle, Comte d'Amiens.  In 1117, Louis VI "le Gros" King of France confiscated the county of Amiens and granted it to Adelais Ctss de Vermandois[99].  Suger's Vita Ludovici also records that "Thomam de Marna" was eventually captured and died in captivity[100]The Breve Chronicon Buciliensis records that in 1120 “Thomas dominus de Fara et de Marla” confirmed the donations to Bucilly made by “Engelrannus eius pater[101]The Chronique de Guillaume de Nangis records in 1128 that "Louis roi des Français fit marcher une armée contre Thomas de Marle seigneur de Coucy", who was captured by "Raoul comte de Vermandois" and handed mortally wounded to the king[102]

m firstly ([1100], repudiated) IDA de Hainaut, daughter of BAUDOUIN II Comte de Hainaut & his wife Ida de Louvain ([1085]-after [1105]).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis refers to "sororem Balduini comitis Hainoensis" as wife of "Thomam de Marla"[103].  The Chronicon Hanoniense refers to a second unnamed sister of "comitis Hainoniensis" who married "Thome de Marla"[104].  The Annales Lobienses refer to "sororem Balduini comitis Hainoensis" as wife of "Thomam de Marla"[105].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. 

m secondly ---.  This second marriage is indicated by Suger's Vita Ludovici which records that "Thomam de Marna" acquired "castrum…Mons Acutus in pago Laudunensi, occasione cuiusdam matrimonii"[106].  Tardif suggests that she was "probablement la fille de Roger de Montaigu et d’Ermengarde", adding that the couple were separated soon afterwards on the grounds of consanguinity (no primary source cited which provides the basis for the statement)[107]

m thirdly MELISENDE de Crécy, daughter of GUY Seigneur de Crécy-sur-Serre & his wife --- (-after 1147).  The Annales Lobienses name "de terra Ambianensi…Milesendem" as wife of "Thomam de Marla" after he repudiated his first wife[108].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the second wife of "Thomas de Coci" as "domna de Bovis"[109].  Tardif records Thomas’s third marriage with "Milesende de Crécy, héritière de Guy seigneur de Crécy-sur-Serre", adding that her dowry was "les deux châteaux de Crécy et de Nouvion-l’Abbesse, dépendant tous deux de l’abbaye de Saint-Jean de Laon" (no primary source cited which provides the basis for the statement)[110].  A charter dated 16 Apr 1131 records the restoration of “Erlons et manso sancti Lamberti” to Laon Saint-Vincent, subscribed by “Gerardi vicedomini, Nicholai castellani...domine Milesendis, Ingelranni filii eius...[111]

Thomas & his first wife had two children:

1.         IDA de Coucy (-after 1161).  The Annales Lobienses refer to the two daughters of "Thomam de Marla" & his wife, specifying that one (unnamed, mentioned first) married "Alardo de Cymaco" by whom she was mother of "Gilonem" and after his death "Bernardo de Urbais", by whom she was mother of "Engelranum"[112].  The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Ydam" as one of the daughters of "Thome de Marla" & his wife "comitis Hainoniensis soror" specifying that she married "Alardo de Cymaco agnomine Poliere, pari Castri Montensis" by whom she was mother of "Engelramum"[113].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Basilia" as one of the two daughters of "Thomam de Cocy", specifying that her husband was "Alardo de Cimay"[114].  “...Ide de Cimai...Gilii de Cimai...” subscribed the charter dated 1161 under which the monks of Saint-Sépulcre transferred “de Villerel...molendini” to Baudouin IV Comte de Hainaut[115]m firstly ALARD [IV] de Chimay, son of ---.  m secondly BERNARD d'Orbais, son of SIGER d’Orbais & his wife --- (-before 1155). 

2.         BEATRIX de Coucy (-after 1156).  The Annales Lobienses refer to the two daughters of "Thomam de Marla" & his wife, specifying that one (unnamed, mentioned second) married "Evrardus de Bretullie" by whom she was mother of "Evrardum et Gualerannum cum aliis"[116].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the other of the two daughters of "Thomam de Cocy" as the husband was "Everardus de Bretulio"[117].  "Ebrardus Britulensium dominus" names his wife Beatrix and his sons “Galeran et Ebrard” in a charter in favour of Charlis abbey[118].  Pope Lucius II ordered an enquiry into the consanguinity between “Ebrardus de Britolio”, who had just returned from Jerusalem, and “filiam...Thomæ de Marna”, presumably with a view to regularising Erard’s second marriage, dated 16 Jun 1144[119]m ERARD [III] de Breteuil, son of VALERAN [II] Seigneur de Breteuil & his wife Ivette [Judith] --- (-killed in battle Laodicea 1147). 

Thomas & his third wife had four children: 

3.         ENGUERRAND [II] de Coucy (-after 1147).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Ingelrannum de Marla et Robertum Bovensem et filiam nomine matris" as children of "Thomam de Marla" and his wife Mélisende[120]Seigneur de Coucy et de Marle. 

-        SEIGNEURS de COUCY

4.         ROBERT de Coucy (-Acre 19 Jun 1191).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Ingelrannum de Marla et Robertum Bovensem et filiam nomine matris" as children of "Thomam de Marla" by his wife Mélisende[121].  Seigneur de Boves.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Ingelrannum…et Robertum Bovensem" as sons of "Thomas de Coci" and his "secundo uxor domna de Bovis", specifying that Robert was "virem crudelem"[122].  A charter dated 1146 records an agreement between the canons of Amiens Sainte-Marie and "Robertum de Bova, filium Thome" regarding various properties and rights[123].  Roger of Hoveden names “...Robertus de Boiues...” among those who died at the siege of Acre[124]m BEATRIX de Saint-Pol, daughter of HUGUES [III] "Candavène" Comte de Saint-Pol & his [first wife ---/second wife Marguerite de Clermont] (-after 1192).  “Ingerranus de Bova” donated property from "Robertus pater meus hereditatem meam" to Amiens, with the consent of “Beatrice matre mea et Roberto fratre meo”, by charter dated 1192[125].  The necrology of Amiens records the death "IV Non Mar" of "Beatricis sororis Hugonis comitis de Sancto Paulo et uxoris Roberti domini de Bova et matris Thomæ præpositi huius ecclesiæ"[126].  It is assumed that either “sororis” in this entry is an error or the name “Hugonis”.  The chronology suggests that Beatrix was the daughter of Comte Hugues [III].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln Beatrix was the daughter of Hugues [III] by his second marriage[127].  There appears to be no definite indication about the identity of her mother, although the chronology appears to favour Marguerite de Clermont.  Robert & his wife had four children: 

a)         ENGUERRAND [II] de Boves (-before 1224).  Seigneur de Boves.  “Ingerranus de Bova” donated property from "Robertus pater meus hereditatem meam" to Amiens, with the consent of “Beatrice matre mea et Roberto fratre meo”, by charter dated 1192[128].  “Ingelrannus de Bova...Robertus frater meus” reached agreement with the church of Amiens, with the consent of "uxor eius Maria et heredes eiusdem Roberti", by charter dated 1201[129].  "Enguerran de Boves et…Adde sa femme" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens, with the consent of "Thomas, de Robert et de Hugues freres dudit Enguerran", by undated charter[130].  "Ingelrannus dominus Bovæ" accepted the arbitrage of a dispute involving the priory of Saint-Leu d’Esserent concerning revenue from Ailly, with the consent of "uxor mea Ada et Robertus et Thomas et Hugo fratres mei", by charter dated May 1202[131].  Villehardouin records that "Enguerrand de Boves and his brother Robert" joined the Fourth Crusade[132].  The Scripta de Feodis of King Philippe II record “Johans sires de Neele” holding “Neele et les apartenances...” and name among his “home...missire Engerranz de Bove, missire Roberz sis frères...[133]m firstly ELISABETH, daughter of --- (-after 1185).  A charter of Vauclair dated 1185 names "Ingelranni de Bova et Elizabeth uxoris eius neptis Rogeri Laudunensis episcopi"[134]m secondly ADA [de Nesle, daughter of JEAN [I] de Nesle Châtelain de Bruges & his wife Elisabeth van Peteghem] (-[Dec 1252/Dec 1254]).  "Ingelrannus dominus Bovæ" accepted the arbitrage of a dispute involving the priory of Saint-Leu d’Esserent concerning revenue from Ailly, with the consent of "uxor mea Ada et Robertus et Thomas et Hugo fratres mei", by charter dated May 1202[135].  The second wife of Enguerrand [II] Seigneur de Boves is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln as the daughter of Jean de Nesle Châtelain de Bruges[136].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not been identified.  Du Chesne provides no indication of her parentage[137].  Enguerrand [II] & his [first/second] wife had two children: 

i)          ROBERT de Boves (-[4 May] [1245/1249]).  Seigneur de Boves.  “Dominus Robertus de Bova” confirmed donations to the church of Amiens "in litteris Ingelranni patris sui...Roberti quondam domini de Bova avi sui" by charter dated Aug 1227[138].  "Robertus de Bova miles dominus de Fouencamp" donated revenue from “traversum suum de Folliaco” to Corbie, with the consent of “Roberti domini de Bova”, by charter dated 1237[139].  "Robert seigneur de Boves chevalier, Robert de Boves son vassal fils de Robert son oncle, seigneur de Fouencamp, Marie femme dudit Robert seigneur de Fouencamp" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens by charter dated 1239[140].  "Robert de Boves" confirmed the sale of “la troisième partie de la disme de Cagny” to Saint-Acheul, with the consent of “sa femme”, by charter dated 1245[141].  [The necrology of Amiens records the death "IV Non Mai" of "domini Roberti de Bova militis et Margaretæ eius uxoris"[142].  It is not certain which Robert Seigneur de Boves is indicated by this entry, although Robert son of Enguerrand [II] seems to be the only possibility.]  m --- (-after 1245).  "Robert de Boves" confirmed the sale of “la troisième partie de la disme de Cagny” to Saint-Acheul, with the consent of “sa femme”, by charter dated 1245[143].  Information appears contradictory regarding the identity of the wife of Robert Seigneur de Boves, which suggests that he may have married twice: [m MARGUERITE. daughter of ---.  The necrology of Amiens records the death "IV Non Mai" of "domini Roberti de Bova militis et Margaretæ eius uxoris"[144].  As noted above, it is not certain which Robert Seigneur de Boves is indicated by this entry.] [m as her first husband, HELVIDE d'Autrèches, daughter of GUILLAUME de Nanteuil-la-Fosse Seigneur d'Autrèches [Châtillon] & his wife Beatrix d’Arcy (-after 1262).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, the wife of Robert Seigneur de Boves was Helvide, daughter of Guillaume de Nanteuil-la-Fosse seigneur d’Autrêches, noting the dates “1238/1262”[145].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not been identified.  Europäische Stammtafeln states that she married secondly Renaud de la Tournelle[146].] 

ii)         ISABELLE de Boves (-after Jul 1263).  No primary source has been found which confirms Isabelle’s parentage.  Her inheritance of the seigneurie de Boves indicates a close relationship with Robert Seigneur de Boves who died [1245/49].  The dating of Isabelle’s marriage suggests that it is more likely that she was Robert’s sister rather than his daughter.  “Nicolaus dominus de Rumigniaco et de Florines” donated property to Bonnefontaine abbey, with the consent of “Elisabeth uxoris mee et liberorum meorum”, by charter dated May 1235[147].  Dame de Château-Porcien: Isabelle is named as Dame de Château-Porcien in the charter dated Jul 1259 quoted below.  It is unclear how she inherited this seigneurie.  Her husband Nicolas [V] Seigneur de Rumigny was already named as seigneur de Château-Porcien in 1239: “Nicolaus de Ruminiaco et de castro Portuensi dominus” donated fishing rights to Chaumont, with the consent of “Isabelle uxoris mee et liberorum meorum”, by charter dated May 1239[148].  Assuming that he inherited Château-Porcien from his wife, this charter suggests that it formed part of her dowry or at least was inherited by Isabelle before the death of her brother Robert Seigneur de Boves.  However, no earlier sources indicate that Château-Porcien was one of the fiefs of the Boves family.  A more likely explanation is that it was purchased by Nicolas de Rumigny from a third party.  Dame de Boves: “Yssabella domina de Bova et de Porciens” confirmed the concession made by “quondam...Nicholai domini de Rumigniaco quondam mariti mei” to Chaumont abbey by charter dated Jul 1259[149].  The seigneurie de Boves was inherited by her son Hugues [II] Seigneur de Rumigny et de Florennes.  m (before May 1214) NICOLAS [V] Seigneur de Rumigny, son of NICOLAS [IV] Seigneur de Rumigny & his [second] wife Mathilde d’Avesnes (-1257, after 21 Mar). 

b)         ROBERT de Boves (-[Apr 1226/Jul 1228]).  “Ingerranus de Bova” donated property from "Robertus pater meus hereditatem meam" to Amiens, with the consent of “Beatrice matre mea et Roberto fratre meo”, by charter dated 1192[150].  "Robertus iunior de Bova de assensu uxoris suæ" donated annual harvest to Corbie abbey, confirmed "anno sequenti Ingelrannus de Bova ipsius Roberti superioris frater", by charter dated 1200[151].  “Ingelrannus de Bova...Robertus frater meus” reached agreement with the church of Amiens, with the consent of "uxor eius Maria et heredes eiusdem Roberti", by charter dated 1201[152].  "Ingelrannus dominus Bovæ" accepted the arbitrage of a dispute involving the priory of Saint-Leu d’Esserent concerning revenue from Ailly, with the consent of "uxor mea Ada et Robertus et Thomas et Hugo fratres mei", by charter dated May 1202[153].  "Robert de Boves et Marie sa femme, Enguerran de Boves seigneur de Boves son frere, Robert, Hellins et Thomas ses enfants" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens by charter dated 1202[154].  Villehardouin records that "Enguerrand de Boves and his brother Robert" joined the Fourth Crusade[155].  The Scripta de Feodis of King Philippe II record “Johans sires de Neele” holding “Neele et les apartenances...” and name among his “home...missire Engerranz de Bove, missire Roberz sis frères...[156].  Seigneur de Fouencamps.  The necrology of Amiens records the death (undated) of "Roberti de Bova frater Thomæ præpositi huius ecclesiæ"[157]m MARIE, daughter of --- (-after 1202).  “Ingelrannus de Bova...Robertus frater meus” reached agreement with the church of Amiens, with the consent of "uxor eius Maria et heredes eiusdem Roberti", by charter dated 1201[158].  "Robert de Boves et Marie sa femme, Enguerran de Boves seigneur de Boves son frere, Robert, Hellins et Thomas ses enfants" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens by charter dated 1202[159].  Robert & his wife had three children: 

i)          ROBERT de Boves (-before Feb 1245).  “Ingelrannus de Bova...Robertus frater meus” reached agreement with the church of Amiens, with the consent of "uxor eius Maria et heredes eiusdem Roberti", by charter dated 1201[160].  "Robert de Boves et Marie sa femme, Enguerran de Boves seigneur de Boves son frere, Robert, Hellins et Thomas ses enfants" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens by charter dated 1202[161].  Seigneur de Fouencamp: "Robertus de Bova miles dominus de Fouencamp" donated revenue from “traversum suum de Folliaco” to Corbie, with the consent of “Roberti domini de Bova”, by charter dated 1237[162].  "Robert seigneur de Boves chevalier, Robert de Boves son vassal fils de Robert son oncle, seigneur de Fouencamp, Marie femme dudit Robert seigneur de Fouencamp" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens by charter dated 1239[163]m MARIE, daughter of --- (-after 1239).  "Robert seigneur de Boves chevalier, Robert de Boves son vassal fils de Robert son oncle, seigneur de Fouencamp, Marie femme dudit Robert seigneur de Fouencamp" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens by charter dated 1239[164].  Robert & his wife had [one child]: 

(a)       [MABILE de Boves (-after 1292).  Dame de Fouencamp: Du Chesne, in a paragraph dealing with Robert de Boves Seigneur de Fouencamp, notes that "la lignée de celuy-ci finit en Mabile de Boves, qualifiée Damoiselle de Foencamp dans un acte de 1292", without providing any citation reference to the document[165].  If the date is correct, the chronology suggests that Mabile could have been the daughter of Robert.  However, from what Du Chesne says it does not appear that the document specifies the family relationship between the two.  Other relationships are possible: for instance Mabile could have been the widow of a male member of the family or a descendant of one of Robert’s brothers.] 

ii)         HELLIN de Boves (-after 1202).  "Robert de Boves et Marie sa femme, Enguerran de Boves seigneur de Boves son frere, Robert, Hellins et Thomas ses enfants" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens by charter dated 1202[166]

iii)        THOMAS de Boves (-after 1202).  "Robert de Boves et Marie sa femme, Enguerran de Boves seigneur de Boves son frere, Robert, Hellins et Thomas ses enfants" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens by charter dated 1202[167].  The necrology of Amiens records the death "IV Id Sep" of "Hugonis de Bova nobilis militis filii Roberti de Bova et frater Thomæ præpositi huius ecclesiæ et uxoris dicti Hugonis et Thomæ iuvenis nepotis dictorum Hugonis et Thomæ"[168]

c)         HUGUES de Boves (-after May 1202).  "Ingelrannus dominus Bovæ" accepted the arbitrage of a dispute involving the priory of Saint-Leu d’Esserent concerning revenue from Ailly, with the consent of "uxor mea Ada et Robertus et Thomas et Hugo fratres mei", by charter dated May 1202[169].  The necrology of Amiens records the death "IV Id Sep" of "Hugonis de Bova nobilis militis filii Roberti de Bova et frater Thomæ præpositi huius ecclesiæ et uxoris dicti Hugonis et Thomæ iuvenis nepotis dictorum Hugonis et Thomæ"[170]m ---.  The necrology of Amiens records the death "IV Id Sep" of "Hugonis de Bova nobilis militis filii Roberti de Bova et frater Thomæ præpositi huius ecclesiæ et uxoris dicti Hugonis et Thomæ iuvenis nepotis dictorum Hugonis et Thomæ"[171]

d)         THOMAS de Boves (-before 1244).  "Ingelrannus dominus Bovæ" accepted the arbitrage of a dispute involving the priory of Saint-Leu d’Esserent concerning revenue from Ailly, with the consent of "uxor mea Ada et Robertus et Thomas et Hugo fratres mei", by charter dated May 1202[172].  Canon at Amiens 1200.  Provost at Amiens Cathedral 1225.  The necrology of Amiens records the death "IV Non Mar" of "Beatricis sororis Hugonis comitis de Sancto Paulo et uxoris Roberti domini de Bova et matris Thomæ præpositi huius ecclesiæ"[173]

5.         MELISENDE de Coucy .  Guibert de Nogent records that "Thoma…filiam" married "filius Adæ…Adelelmus" but does not name her[174].  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Ingelrannum de Marla et Robertum Bovensem et filiam nomine matris" as children of "Thomam de Marla" by his wife Mélisende, specifying that their daughter married "Hugonem de Gornai dominum eiusdem loci"[175].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the daughter of "Thomas de Coci" & his "secundo uxor domna de Bovis" as "illam que data est Hugoni de Gornaio" but does not name her[176]m firstly ADELELME Châtelain d’Amiens, son of ADAM Châtelain d’Amiens & his first wife --- (-1151 or before).  m secondly as his second wife, HUGUES [IV] de Gournay, son of GERARD de Gournay & his wife Edith de Warenne (-1180). 

6.         MATHILDE de Coucy (-after 1146).  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1151 under which her son "Alermus Fleciscortis et Ambianis civitatis princeps quartus" confirmed his donation to Amiens Saint-Jean, subscribed by "…Robertus comes Ambianensis, avunculus meus"[177].  "Alelmus de Ambianis" granted fishing rights to the church of Amiens, with "parentes eius Guido et Mathildis" and with the consent of "Roberto comite Ambian", by charter dated 1146[178]m GUY Châtelain d’Amiens, son of ADAM Châtelain d’Amiens & his first wife --- (-[1146/47]). 

 

 

The following individual was presumably the same as one of the other family members who are named above but at present insufficient information is available to make the precise link. 

 

1.         ROBERT de Bovesm as her first husband, GERTRUDE, daughter of --- (-27 Feb ----).  She married secondly Hugues d’Aubigny Seigneur d’Orreville.  The necrology of Amiens records the death "III Kal Mar" of "Gertrudis uxoris Hugonis d’Aubegny dicti Tacon domini d’Orreville et demum uxoris Roberti de Bova"[179]

 

 

 

C.      CHÂTELAINS d’AMIENS

 

 

1.         ADAM (-1125 or after)Châtelain d’Amiens.  The Vita Godefridis Bishop of Amiens names "Adamum [Ambianensi] civitatis principem" when recording disturbances in the town[180].  Guibert de Nogent records that "Adam…cui præerat ipse" helped "Ingelrannus urbis comes" quell a rebellion in Amiens[181].  Suger's Vita Ludovici records that "Ambianensem…civitatis Adæ…tyranni" was dispossessed by Louis VI King of France[182].  [m firstly ---.  No direct reference to this supposed first marriage has been found.  However, assuming that Adam’s second marriage is correctly stated below, it is unlikely that his sons Adelelme and Guy were born to his second wife, who would have been the first cousins of their wives.]  m [secondly] BEATRIX de Boves, daughter of ENGUERRAND [I] Seigneur de Boves Comte d’Amiens & his wife Ada de Marle [Roucy] (-1144).  Malbrancq records her parentage and marriage[183], but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  Adam & his [first] wife had two children: 

a)         ADELELME [I] (-1151 or before).  Guibert de Nogent names "filius Adæ…Adelelmus, puer" when recording his marriage[184]Châtelain d’Amiensm as her first husband, MELISENDE de Coucy, daughter of THOMAS de Marle Comte d’Amiens, Seigneur de Coucy, de Marle et de Boves & his third wife Mélisende de Crécy-sur-Serre.  Guibert de Nogent records that "Thoma…filiam" married "filius Adæ…Adelelmus" but does not name her[185].  She married secondly Hugues [IV] de Gournay.  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Ingelrannum de Marla et Robertum Bovensem et filiam nomine matris" as children of "Thomam de Marla" by his wife Mélisende, specifying that their daughter married "Hugonem de Gornai dominum eiusdem loci"[186].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the daughter of "Thomas de Coci" & his "secundo uxor domna de Bovis" as "illam que data est Hugoni de Gornaio" but does not name her[187]

b)         GUY (-[1146/47])Châtelain d’Amiens.  "Alelmus de Ambianis" granted fishing rights to the church of Amiens, with "parentes eius Guido et Mathildis" and with the consent of "Roberto comite Ambian", by charter dated 1146[188]m MATHILDE de Coucy, daughter of THOMAS de Marle Comte d’Amiens, Seigneur de Coucy, de Marle et de Boves & his third wife Mélisende de Crécy-sur-Serre (-after 1146).  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1151 under which her son "Alermus Fleciscortis et Ambianis civitatis princeps quartus" confirmed his donation to Amiens Saint-Jean, subscribed by "…Robertus comes Ambianensis, avunculus meus"[189].  "Alelmus de Ambianis" granted fishing rights to the church of Amiens, with "parentes eius Guido et Mathildis" and with the consent of "Roberto comite Ambian", by charter dated 1146[190].  Guy & his wife had four children: 

i)          ADELELME [II] (-21 Nov 1176).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1146 under which "Alelmus de Ambianis" granted fishing rights to the church of Amiens, with "parentes eius Guido et Mathildis" and with the consent of "Roberto comite Ambian"[191]Châtelain d’Amiens

-         see below

ii)         FLANDRINE (-after 1175).  "Alermus Fleciscortis et Ambianis civitatis princeps quartus" confirmed his donation to Amiens Saint-Jean on leaving on crusade, confirming donations by "Uvido pater meus et Mathildis mater mea", with the consent of "sorores meæ Flandria, Melissendis et Mathildis", by charter dated 1151[192].  “Weremundus vicedomini Pinconii” donated property “in montana de feodo meo...territoria Moncellorum, Maisniliorum et Vacariarum” to Lannoy abbey, with the consent of “Flandrina uxor mea, Girardus filius meus, Petrus et Johannes fratres mei”, by charter dated 1179[193]m (1175) GUERMOND [III] de Picquigny Vidame d’Amiens, son of GUERMOND [I] de Picquigny Vidame d’Amiens & his first wife Mathilde --- (-after 1186, bur Abbaye du Gard). 

iii)        MELISENDE (-after 1151).  "Alermus Fleciscortis et Ambianis civitatis princeps quartus" confirmed his donation to Amiens Saint-Jean on leaving on crusade, confirming donations by "Uvido pater meus et Mathildis mater mea", with the consent of "sorores meæ Flandria, Melissendis et Mathildis", by charter dated 1151[194]

iv)       MATHILDE (-after 1151).  "Alermus Fleciscortis et Ambianis civitatis princeps quartus" confirmed his donation to Amiens Saint-Jean on leaving on crusade, confirming donations by "Uvido pater meus et Mathildis mater mea", with the consent of "sorores meæ Flandria, Melissendis et Mathildis", by charter dated 1151[195]

Adam & his [first/second] wife had two children: 

c)         HUGUES d’Amiens (-1164)Archbishop of Rouen 1129. 

d)         [THIERRY (-after 1151).  "Alermus Fleciscortis et Ambianis civitatis princeps quartus" confirmed his donation to Amiens Saint-Jean on leaving on crusade, confirming donations by "Uvido pater meus et Mathildis mater mea", with the consent of "sorores meæ Flandria, Melissendis et Mathildis", for the soul of "Alermi avunculi mei", by charter dated 1151, subscribed by "Theodoricus Ambianensis, Robertus comes Ambianensis, avunculus meus"[196].  The transcription of this document consulted does not specify the relationship between the donor and "Theodoricus Ambianensis", but the latter has been assumed by secondary sources to be the donor’s uncle.] 

 

 

ADELELME [II] d’Amiens, son of GUY Châtelain d’Amiens & his wife Mathilde de Coucy (-21 Nov 1176)Châtelain d’Amiens.  "Alelmus de Ambianis" granted fishing rights to the church of Amiens, with "parentes eius Guido et Mathildis" and with the consent of "Roberto comite Ambian", by charter dated 1146[197].  "Aleaume d’Amiens sire de Flixecourt" confirmed agreement with the abbey of Saint-Lucien concerning donations by "Guy son père", with the consent of "Ade sa femme…", by charter dated 1150[198].  "Alermus Fleciscortis et Ambianis civitatis princeps quartus" confirmed his donation to Amiens Saint-Jean on leaving on crusade, confirming donations by "Uvido pater meus et Mathildis mater mea", with the consent of "sorores meæ Flandria, Melissendis et Mathildis", for the soul of "Alermi avunculi mei", by charter dated 1151, subscribed by "Theodoricus Ambianensis, Robertus comes Ambianensis, avunculus meus"[199]

m ADA, daughter of ---.  "Aleaume d’Amiens sire de Flixecourt" confirmed agreement with the abbey of Saint-Lucien concerning donations by "Guy son père", with the consent of "Ade sa femme…", by charter dated 1150[200]

Adelelme [II] & his wife had two children: 

1.         DREUX (-[1194/95]).  "Dreux d’Amiens seigneur du château de Flexicourt" confirmed privileges of the priory of Flexicourt "depuis le vivant de Aleaume son père" by charter dated 1180[201]Seigneur de Flexicourt, de Vignacourt, de la Broye et de l’Etoile.  m MARGUERITE de Saint-Pol, daughter of ANSELME Comte de Saint-Pol & his [first wife ---] (-after 1219).  Her parentage is confirmed by Villehardouin who records that "Count Hugh of St Paul, Peter of Amiens his nephew…" formed the third division in the attack on Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade in 1204[202].  Dreux & his wife had [six] children: 

a)         PIERRE (-Philippi, Macedonia 1204).  Seigneur de Vignacourt et de Flexicourt.  "Pierre d’Amiens" donated property to Moreaucourt, with the consent of "Thomas son frère", by charter dated May 1200[203].  "Reginaldus de Ambianis…son frère" assumed the succession of "Pierre fils aîné de Dreux comte d’Amiens et de Marguerite, étant mort en 1202 au voyage de Constantinople", with the consent of "Mathilde son épouse…ses filles Marguerite et Adéline, de ses frères Thibault, Aléaume et Bernard"[204].  Villehardouin records that "Count Hugh of St Paul, Peter of Amiens his nephew…" formed the third division in the attack on Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade in 1204[205]

b)         RENAUD (-1227, bur Vignacourt).  Châtelain d’Amiens.  "Regilnadus de Ambianis…son frère" assumed the succession of "Pierre fils aîné de Dreux comte d’Amiens et de Marguerite, étant mort en 1202 au voyage de Constantinople", with the consent of "Mathilde son épouse…ses filles Marguerite et Adéline, de ses frères Thibault, Aléaume et Bernard"[206].  "Regnaud d’Amiens" donated property to Moreaucourt, with the consent of "Thomas, Aleaume et Bernard ses frères", by charter dated Jul 1210[207]m MATHILDE, daughter of --- (-[1224/27]).  "Regilnadus de Ambianis…son frère" assumed the succession of "Pierre fils aîné de Dreux comte d’Amiens et de Marguerite, étant mort en 1202 au voyage de Constantinople", with the consent of "Mathilde son épouse…ses filles Marguerite et Adéline, de ses frères Thibault, Aléaume et Bernard"[208]

-        SEIGNEURS de VIGNACOURT, de FLEXICOURT et de REGNAUVILLE[209]

c)         THIBAUT (-after 1252).  "Regilnadus de Ambianis…son frère" assumed the succession of "Pierre fils aîné de Dreux comte d’Amiens et de Marguerite, étant mort en 1202 au voyage de Constantinople", with the consent of "Mathilde son épouse…ses filles Marguerite et Adéline, de ses frères Thibault, Aléaume et Bernard"[210].  Seigneur de Canaples et d’Outrebois.  m ---.  The name of Thibaut’s wife is not known.  Thibaut & his wife had five children[211]

i)          [JEANNE (-after 1260).  Père Anselme names "Jeanne d’Amiens, dame de Talmas, de l’Orsignol et de Buire-aux-Bis, fille de Thibaut d’Amiens, seigneur de Winacourt et de Canaples" as the wife of "Gilles II…seigneur de Mailly" but cites no corresponding primary source[212]m GILLES [II] Seigneur de Mailly, son of GILLES [I] Seigneur de Mailly & his wife Avicie de Heilly (-after 1270).]  

d)         [THOMAS (-after 1244).  "Pierre d’Amiens" donated property to Moreaucourt, with the consent of "Thomas son frère", by charter dated May 1200[213].  "Regnaud d’Amiens" donated property to Moreaucourt, with the consent of "Thomas, Aleaume et Bernard ses frères", by charter dated Jul 1210[214].  The order of the names in the last document suggests that "Thomas" may represent a mistranscription for "Thibaut" by Dom Villevieille.] 

e)         ADELELME (-before Aug 1248).  "Regilnadus de Ambianis…son frère" assumed the succession of "Pierre fils aîné de Dreux comte d’Amiens et de Marguerite, étant mort en 1202 au voyage de Constantinople", with the consent of "Mathilde son épouse…ses filles Marguerite et Adéline, de ses frères Thibault, Aléaume et Bernard"[215].  "Regnaud d’Amiens" donated property to Moreaucourt, with the consent of "Thomas, Aleaume et Bernard ses frères", by charter dated Jul 1210[216].  Seigneur de l’Etoile. 

f)          BERNARD (-Jul 1251).  "Regilnadus de Ambianis…son frère" assumed the succession of "Pierre fils aîné de Dreux comte d’Amiens et de Marguerite, étant mort en 1202 au voyage de Constantinople", with the consent of "Mathilde son épouse…ses filles Marguerite et Adéline, de ses frères Thibault, Aléaume et Bernard"[217].  "Regnaud d’Amiens" donated property to Moreaucourt, with the consent of "Thomas, Aleaume et Bernard ses frères", by charter dated Jul 1210[218]Seigneur de Regnauville 1226.  Seigneur d’Estrées 1251. 

2.         PIERRE (-after 1172). 

 

 

 

D.      VIDAMES d’AMIENS (PICQUIGNY)

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

 

Two brothers, parents not identified: 

1.         EUSTACHE (-after 1069).  Vidame d’Amiens.  "…Eustachius vicedominus, Guermundus frater eius…" subscribed the charter dated to [1069/74] relating to "vicecomitatu Costencii" for Sainte-Marie d'Amiens[219]

2.         GUERMOND [I] (-after 1069).  "…Guermundus frater vicedomini…" subscribed the charter dated 1069 under which "Rodulphus…Ambianensis comes" donated property to Sainte-Marie d'Amiens[220]

 

 

1.         ARNAUD de PicquignyVidame d’Amiensm ---.  The name of Arnaud’s wife is not known.  Arnaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         MELISENDE de Picquigny .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "de…regis Francorum Karoli Magni stirpe et familia progenitam, Ernulphi vicedomini de Pinkinio filiam…Milesendem" as wife of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus"[221].  Her alleged descent from Charlemagne has not been traced.  m GUILLAUME [II] Châtelain de Saint-Omer, son of [GUILLAUME [I] Châtelain de Saint-Omer] & his [first wife ---] (-1143 or after). 

 

 

1.         GUERMOND [II] de Picquigny (-after 1131)Vidame d’Amiensm BEATRIX, daughter of --- (-13 Feb 1144, bur Abbaye de Saint-Jean).  The wife of Guermond [I] is called Beatrix in secondary sources but the primary source on which this is based, as well as the source which records her date of death and place of burial which are shown above, has not yet been identified.  Domesday Descendants records that the --- de Saint-Valéry, daughter of Renaud de Saint-Valéry was the mother of "Gerard II de Picquigny vidame d’Amiens", presumably indicating Gérard [I], and cites the cartulary of Oseney[222].  The chronology for this connection does not appear ideal, assuming that the dates of the members of the Picquigny family are accurately recorded in the present document.  However, a connection (maybe a family relationship) between the Saint-Valéry and Picquigny families is shown by the letter written by Pope Alexander III to Henri Archbishop of Reims, dated 29 Mar 1154, to enforce reparations from "vicedominus Pinciniaco, Bern. de S. Walerico et Gualterius Tyrellus" for the damage which they had caused to the abbey of Saint-Pierre de Selincourt[223].  Guermond [I] & his wife had six children: 

a)         GERARD [I] (-1178 or after, bur Abbaye du Gard).  “...Gerardus et Enguerannus de Pincquinis fratres...” witnessed the charter dated Jul 1129 under which “Hugo castellanus de Cambrai et dom. de Oisy” donated property to Mont Saint-Eloi[224]Vidame d’Amiens.  "Girard vidame de Picquigny" donated property to "la maison de Gabarinville, lorsque dam Euphémie sa sœur s’y fit religieuse" by charter dated 1149[225].  He appears to have acquired land at Wymering, Hampshire in part through his marriage[226].  Pope Alexander III wrote to Henri Archbishop of Reims 29 Mar 1154 to enforce reparations from "vicedominus Pinciniaco, Bern. de S. Walerico et Gualterius Tyrellus" for the damage which they had caused to the abbey of Saint-Pierre de Selincourt[227].  Pope Alexander III wrote to Henri Archbishop of Reims 23 May 1154 to enforce reparations from "vicedominus Pinginniacensis" for the damage which they had caused to the abbey of Cercamps[228]m MATHILDE d’Aumâle, daughter of ETIENNE Comte d’Aumâle & his wife Hawise de Mortemer.  A manuscript history of the foundation of Melsa Abbey records that “Willielmus” had “sorores quatuor, filias Stephani” who married “una…vicedomino de Pynkeney, altera…vicedomino de Verberay, tertia…Bertanno de Brikebet, quarta Willielmo de Romare et postea Petro de Brus[229].  She is named in her husband's [1160/65] grant to Southwick Priory for the souls of his and her parents[230].  Guermond [II] & his wife had three children: 

i)          GUERMOND [III] (-after 1186, bur Abbaye du Gard).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1190 under which his son "Girard vidame de Picquigny" confirmed the donation made by "Girard son ayeul, aux malades du val de Picquigny, laquelle Vermond son père a acquittée pendant toute sa vie"[231].  Vidame d’Amiens.  “Weremundus vicedomini Pinconii” donated property “in montana de feodo meo...territoria Moncellorum, Maisniliorum et Vacariarum” to Lannoy abbey, with the consent of “Flandrina uxor mea, Girardus filius meus, Petrus et Johannes fratres mei”, by charter dated 1179[232]m (1175) FLANDRINE d’Amiens, daughter of GUY Châtelain d’Amiens & his wife Mathilde de Coucy.  “Weremundus vicedomini Pinconii” donated property “in montana de feodo meo...territoria Moncellorum, Maisniliorum et Vacariarum” to Lannoy abbey, with the consent of “Flandrina uxor mea, Girardus filius meus, Petrus et Johannes fratres mei”, by charter dated 1179[233].  Guermond [III] & his wife had five children: 

(a)       GERARD [II] (-Palestine 1190).  Weremundus vicedomini Pinconii” donated property “in montana de feodo meo...territoria Moncellorum, Maisniliorum et Vacariarum” to Lannoy abbey, with the consent of “Flandrina uxor mea, Girardus filius meus, Petrus et Johannes fratres mei”, by charter dated 1179[234]Vidame d’Amiens"Girard vidame de Picquigny" confirmed the donation made by "Girard son ayeul, aux malades du val de Picquigny, laquelle Vermond son père a acquittée pendant toute sa vie" by charter dated 1190[235].   

(b)       ENGUERRAND (-[Jun/Nov] 1224)Vidame d’Amiens"Enguerrand de Picquigny, vidame d’Amiens" confirmed the donations made to the leprosery of Picquigny by "Gérard l’ancien vidame son ayeul, par Gérard son frère" and founded "une chapellenie à Tansol" for the soul of "Enguerrant de Lully son cousin", by charter dated 1205[236].  

-         see below

(c)       MARGUERITE

(d)       MATHILDE

(e)       BEATRIX

ii)         PIERRE (-after 1179).  Weremundus vicedomini Pinconii” donated property “in montana de feodo meo...territoria Moncellorum, Maisniliorum et Vacariarum” to Lannoy abbey, with the consent of “Flandrina uxor mea, Girardus filius meus, Petrus et Johannes fratres mei”, by charter dated 1179[237]

iii)        JEAN (-after 1179).  “Weremundus vicedomini Pinconii” donated property “in montana de feodo meo...territoria Moncellorum, Maisniliorum et Vacariarum” to Lannoy abbey, with the consent of “Flandrina uxor mea, Girardus filius meus, Petrus et Johannes fratres mei”, by charter dated 1179[238]

b)         ENGUERRAND (-after 1150).  ...Gerardus et Enguerannus de Pincquinis fratres...” witnessed the charter dated Jul 1129 under which “Hugo castellanus de Cambrai et dom. de Oisy” donated property to Mont Saint-Eloi[239]Enguerran brother of Gerard de Picquigny” witnessed the charter dated 1150 which records the reconciliation between “Alelmus” and Beauvais Saint-Lucien[240].  

c)         ADA .  "Drogo dominus Monciaci" released "Hauvi uxorem Gisleberti de Meirart", on the advice of "uxoris meæ Adæ", by charter dated 5 Feb "in eodem anno quo mortuus est Rainaldus de Merlodo"[241]m (before 1144) DREUX [III] de Moncy, son of DREUX [II] de Moncy & his wife Basilie --- (-after 1151). 

d)         BEATRIX (-after 1144).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m GUERARD de Dours Seigneur de Dours, Vicomte et Vidame de Brebières, son of --- (-after 1148). 

e)         EUPHEMIE (-after 1149).  "Girard vidame de Picquigny" donated property to "la maison de Gabarinville, lorsque dam Euphémie sa sœur s’y fit religieuse" by charter dated 1149[242]m RENAUD Seigneur de Bulles, son of LANCELIN [II] de Beauvais Seigneur de Bulles & his wife Adela de Dammartin (-after 1167). 

f)          GISELE (-after 1144).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not been identified. 

2.         daughter .  A "sœur de Guermond de Picquigny, mariée en Angleterre avec un riche seigneur nommé Joelle de Totenes" is referred to in the De Miraculis sanctæ Mariæ Laudunensis[243].  m JUHEL de Totnes, son of ALURED & his wife --- (-[after 1099]). 

 

 

ENGUERRAND de Picquigny, son of GUERMOND [III] de Picquigny Vidame d’Amiens & his wife Flandrine d’Amiens (-[Jun/Nov] 1224)Vidame d’Amiens.  “Ingelrannus de Pinconio vicedominus Ambianensis” confirmed a donation to Amiens made by "Fulcho dominus de Kyerru" by charter dated 6 Apr 1204[244].  "Enguerrand de Picquigny, vidame d’Amiens" confirmed the donations made to the leprosery of Picquigny by "Gérard l’ancien vidame son ayeul, par Gérard son frère" and founded "une chapellenie à Tansol" for the soul of "Enguerrant de Lully son cousin", by charter dated 1205[245].  “Ingelrannus de Pinchonio vicedominus Ambianensis” donated property to the church of Amiens for the anniversaries of "meo et...uxoris mee Margarete" by charter dated Apr 1209[246].  "Enguerrand Sgr de Picquigny vidame d’Amiens" donated property to the abbey of Gard, with the consent of "Marguerite sa femme, de ses fils et filles Girard, Renaut, Flandrine, Ide, Marguerite et Marie", by charter dated Aug 1216[247].  

m MARGUERITE de Ponthieu, daughter of JEAN [I] Comte de Ponthieu & his third wife Beatrix de Saint-Pol (-after Aug 1216).  “Ingelrannus de Pinchonio vicedominus Ambianensis” donated property to the church of Amiens for the anniversaries of "meo et...uxoris mee Margarete" by charter dated Apr 1209[248].  "Enguerrand Sgr de Picquigny vidame d’Amiens" donated property to the abbey of Gard, with the consent of "Marguerite sa femme, de ses fils et filles Girard, Renaut, Flandrine, Ide, Marguerite et Marie", by charter dated Aug 1216[249].  

Enguerrand & his wife had ten children: 

1.         GUERMOND (-after 1197). 

2.         MARIE (-after 1197)m EUSTACHE d’Encre, son of --- (-before 1197). 

3.         GERARD [III] (-[May 1248/Jun 1249]).  "Enguerrand Sgr de Picquigny vidame d’Amiens" donated property to the abbey of Gard, with the consent of "Marguerite sa femme, de ses fils et filles Girard, Renaut, Flandrine, Ide, Marguerite et Marie", by charter dated Aug 1216[250].  Vidame d’Amiens.  "Girardus dominus Pincenii et vicedominus Ambianensis" confirmed the donation of salt to Paris Hôtel-Dieu made by "Ingerrandus quondam pater meus", with the consent of "Aaliddis uxoris mee", by charter dated Feb 1244[251]"Vicedominus de Pinquigniaco et Aaliz uxor prefati vicedomini et...Petrus de Villamarchaz miles dictus Cambellanus et Ysabel relicta defuncti Ade Cambellani de Villabeum" paid revenue to “prior de Tornanfuie" by charter dated Mar 1244[252]m firstly LAURE de Montfort, daughter of SIMON [IV] Seigneur de Montfort & his wife Alix de Montmorency (-1227 or before).  m secondly (before 1243) as her second husband, ALIX de Vierzon Dame de Tournenfuy, widow of GAUTHIER [III] de Villebéon "le Chambellan", daughter of HERVE [II] Seigneur de Vierzon & his second wife Marie de Dampierre (-3 Dec 1245).  "Girardus dominus Pincenii et vicedominus Ambianensis" confirmed the donation of salt to Paris Hôtel-Dieu made by "Ingerrandus quondam pater meus", with the consent of "Aaliddis uxoris mee", by charter dated Feb 1244[253]"Vicedominus de Pinquigniaco et Aaliz uxor prefati vicedomini et...Petrus de Villamarchaz miles dictus Cambellanus et Ysabel relicta defuncti Ade Cambellani de Villabeum" paid revenue to “prior de Tornanfuie" by charter dated Mar 1244[254]The necrology of the Abbaye du Jard records the death "III Non Dec" of "Aaliz quondam vicedomine de Pingquiniaco" and her donation of revenue “in decima de Villabeonis[255]m thirdly (1246) as her first husband, MATHILDE de Crecques, daughter of ANSEAU [II] Seigneur de Crecques & his wife Beatrix de Guines (-after 1296).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "Joannes", son of "domino Arnulpho de Audenarde", married secondly "sororem domini Roberti de Cresekes, relictam vicedomini de Pinkengni"[256].  She married secondly (before Sep 1251) as his second wife, Jan Heer van OudenaardeJohannes de Audenarde miles et...Mathildis relicta...Gerardi quondam vicedomini Pinchonii uxor nostra” confirmed a donation to Amiens made by “Eustachius dictus Dyabolus” by charter dated Apr 1252[257].  Gérard & his first wife had two children: 

a)         MARGUERITE (-after 1257).  The Chronicle of Baudouin d’Avesnes records that "Thomas", son of "Thomas dominus de Veruin ex Mathilde primogenita filia comitis de Retest", married secondly "Margaretam vicedomini de Pinkengni filiam"[258].  "Thomas de Cociaco junior miles et Margarita filia vice-domini de Piqueniaco uxor eius" granted privileges to Vaux de Cernay by charter dated Jun 1251[259]m firstly (Jul 1246) NICOLAS [VI] de Rumigny, son of NICOLAS [V] Seigneur de Rumigny et de Florennes & his wife Isabelle de Coucy (-killed in battle 1249).  m secondly (before Jun 1251) as his second wife, THOMAS de Coucy Seigneur de Vervins, son of THOMAS de Coucy Seigneur de Vervins & his wife Mathilde de Rethel (-before 1276). 

b)         JEANNE (-after 1246).  m (before Feb 1246) GAUTHIER [IV] Seigneur de Heilly, son of --- (-after 1246). 

Gérard & his second wife had one child: 

c)         ALIX

Gérard & his third wife had two children: 

d)         JEAN (-Perusa, Italy 29 Sep 1304)Vidame d’AmiensSeneschal of Gascony 1303. 

-        see below

e)         MATHIEU

4.         RENAUD (-after Jan 1260).  "Enguerrand Sgr de Picquigny vidame d’Amiens" donated property to the abbey of Gard, with the consent of "Marguerite sa femme, de ses fils et filles Girard, Renaut, Flandrine, Ide, Marguerite et Marie", by charter dated Aug 1216[260].  m as her second husband, BEATRIX de Guines, widow of ANSEAU [II] de Crecques, daughter of ARNOUL Comte de Guines & his wife Beatrix de Bourbourg (-after Jan 1260).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records the births of "Adelidem et secundam Beatricem" to “Broburgensis castellana et Ardensis domina...Beatrix[261].  "Baudewins cuens de Ghines et chastellains de Broubergh" donated property to "seur Beatris me…sereur et au couvent [de]…nostre Dame de Leisbistade" by charter dated May 1244[262].  “Béatrix femme de Renaud de Pinquigny veuve d’Anselme II de Crésecque” confirmed the donation of “la dîme de Louches” made to Notre-Dame de Licques by “Robert de Crésecque son fils” by charter dated Jan 1260[263].  Renaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         daughter .  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that “Michaël” son of "Hugo patri succedens in terra de Antoing et de Espinoit" and his wife married secondly “filiam domini Renaldi de Pinkengni[264]m as his second wife, MICHEL d’Antoing Seigneur de Harnes, son of HUGUES [II] Seigneur d’Antoing et d’Epinoy & his wife Ida de Douai (-1269 or before). 

5.         FLANDRINE (-after Aug 1216).  "Enguerrand Sgr de Picquigny vidame d’Amiens" donated property to the abbey of Gard, with the consent of "Marguerite sa femme, de ses fils et filles Girard, Renaut, Flandrine, Ide, Marguerite et Marie", by charter dated Aug 1216[265].  

6.         IDA (-after Aug 1216).  "Enguerrand Sgr de Picquigny vidame d’Amiens" donated property to the abbey of Gard, with the consent of "Marguerite sa femme, de ses fils et filles Girard, Renaut, Flandrine, Ide, Marguerite et Marie", by charter dated Aug 1216[266].  

7.         MARGUERITE (-after Aug 1216).  "Enguerrand Sgr de Picquigny vidame d’Amiens" donated property to the abbey of Gard, with the consent of "Marguerite sa femme, de ses fils et filles Girard, Renaut, Flandrine, Ide, Marguerite et Marie", by charter dated Aug 1216[267].  

8.         MARIE (-after Aug 1216).  "Enguerrand Sgr de Picquigny vidame d’Amiens" donated property to the abbey of Gard, with the consent of "Marguerite sa femme, de ses fils et filles Girard, Renaut, Flandrine, Ide, Marguerite et Marie", by charter dated Aug 1216[268].  

9.         ENGUERRAND (-after 1241). 

10.      GUILLAUME (-after 1269).  Seigneur de Mortagne. 

 

 

JEAN de Picquigny, son of GERARD de Picquigny Vidame d’Amiens & his third wife Mathilde de Crecques (-Perusa, Italy 29 Sep 1304)Vidame d’Amiens.  Seneschal of Gascony 1303. 

m (before 1278) MARGUERITE de Beaumetz, daughter of GILLES [III] de Beaumetz Châtelain de Bapaume & his wife Jeanne de Beauvoir (-before 1303). 

Jean & his wife had eleven children: 

1.         RENAUD (-1315)Vidame d’Amiensm (before 4 Aug 1314) as her second husband, JEANNE d'Eu, widow of RAYMOND [VI] Vicomte de Turenne, daughter of JEAN [II] de Brienne Comte d'Eu & his wife Beatrix de Châtillon (-after 12 Mar 1325).  Renaud & his wife had two children: 

a)         MARGUERITE (-after 4 Mar 1377)Vidamesse d’Amiens, Dame de Picquigny.  m firstly (Dec 1323) JEAN de Roucy Seigneur de Pierrepont, son of JEAN [V] Comte de Roucy et de Braine & his wife Marguerite de Bommiers (-[1326/28]).  m secondly (Jul 1328) GAUTHIER de Noyers Seigneur d’Eclaron, son of MILON [X] Seigneur de Noyers & his second wife Jeanne de Dampierre Dame de Moeslain (-killed in battle 1339).  m thirdly ([29 Jul 1357/14 Nov 1359]) RAOUL Seigneur de Raigneval, Seigneur de Pierrepont, son of --- (-after 4 Mar 1377). 

b)         MARIEm JACQUES de Croy, son of ---. 

2.         GERARD .  Seigneur de Bergicourt. 

3.         GUILLAUME (-before 28 Oct 1330). 

4.         FERRY (-before 1344).  Seigneur d’Ailly-sur-Somme et de Hervey.  m (before 29 Sep 1319) BEATRIX de Nesle Dame de Falvy et de la Hérelle, daughter of JEAN [III] de Nesle Seigneur de Falvy & his wife Jeanne de Vendeville (-after 1344).  Ferry & his wife had three children: 

a)         JEAN (-[Jan 1346/Mar 1348])m as her first husband, CATHERINE de Châtillon, daughter of HUGUES de Châtillon Seigneur de Leuze & his wife --- (-after 1383).  She married secondly ([1354]) Jean [II] Comte de Grandpré.  Jean & his wife had two children: 

i)          MARGUERITE (-[19 Mar 1371/1376]).  “Hugues de Melun sire d’Antoing, d’Epinoy et châtelain de Gand et Marguerite de Picquegny son épouse” confirmed letters relating to a foundation in the church of Antoing by charter dated 10 Jul 1369[269].  Dame de Falvy et de la Hérelle.  m as his first wife, HUGUES de Melun Burchgraeve van Gent, son of JEAN [I] de Melun Vicomte de Melun, Comte de Tancarville & his second wife Isabelle d’Antoing (-1406). 

ii)         JEANNEm GILLES de Soyecourt, son of ---. 

b)         MARGUERITE (-after 1378). 

c)         MARIE (-1381)m JEAN [V] de Hangest, son of --- (-[4 Apr 1358/1363]). 

5.         JEAN (-killed in battle Hainaut 1340).  Seigneur de Saint-Ouen et d’Ailly.  m as her second husband, MARTHA d’Amiens, widow of BAUDOUIN [IV] Seigneur de Crecquy et de Fressin, daughter of GILLES d’Amiens Seigneur de Canaples et d’Outrebois & his wife ---.  Jean& his wife had one child: 

a)         JEANNE (-after 1373).  Dame de Canaples et d’Outrebois.  m firstly JEAN de Mailly Seigneur de Talmas et de Buyre-au-Bois, son of ---.  m secondly (1354) HENDRIK van Beveren Heer van Dixmuiden, son of --- (-after 27 Dec 1367). 

6.         ROBERT (-after 10 Feb 1358).  m --- de Fluy, daughter of GARIN Seigneur de Fluy & his wife --- (-before 10 Feb 1358). 

-        SEIGNEURS de FLUY[270]

7.         MATHILDE (-after 1338).  Dame de Gouy.  m ([1300]) as his second wife, HUGUES [IV] Seigneur d’Antoing et d’Epinoy, son of HUGUES [III] Seigneur d’Antoing et d’Epinoy & his first wife Sibylle de Wavrin (-[1310]). 

8.         MARGUERITE (-after 16 Nov 1343)m (Apr 1291) MATHIEU de Roye Seigneur de la Ferté en Ponthieu, son of MATHIEU [I] de Roye Seigneur de la Ferté en Ponthieu & his wife Jeanne Dame de Vendeuil. 

9.         MARIEm JEAN Seigneur de Saint-Amand, son of ---. 

10.      CATHERINE (-after 13 Jan 1324).  m JEAN [I] Seigneur d’Auxy, son of --- (-killed in battle Courtrai 11 Jul 1302). 

11.      JEANNEm (contract 1 Nov 1292) JEAN [II] Seigneur de Varennes, son of --- (-after Sep 1302). 

 

 

 

E.      SEIGNEURS d’ENCRE

 

 

Th medieval town of Encre is now called Albert, about 30 kilometres north-east of Amiens and about the same distance south-west of Bapaume, in the present-day French département of Somme.  The Continuatio Valcellensis of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1115 that “Balduinus comes Flandriæ” captured “castrum Encres” from “Hugone Camdavena”, who had usurped it, and granted it to “Karolo consobrino suo[271]

 

 

1.         HUGUES d’Encre (-1139).  Burchgraeve van Gent, de iure uxorism (1139) as her first husband, ALIX van Gent, daughter of SIGER [I] Burggraaf van Gent & his wife --- (-before 1154).  A charter dated 1139 records that "miles nobilis…Hugo de Inkers" married "filiam Sigeri castellani Gandensis…Aliciam" and donated property to Afflighem[272].  She married secondly (before 8 Aug 1145) Steppo van Viggezele.  A charter dated 1154 records that "dominus Steppo" married "uxorem eius…Aliciam" after the death of "Hugone de Inkers" and donated property to Afflighem[273].  

 

2.         BAUDOUIN d’Encre m (after 1145) as her third husband, MARGUERITE de Clermont, widow firstly of CHARLES Count of Flanders, and secondly of HUGUES [III] “Candavène” Comte de Saint-Pol, daughter of RENAUD [II] Comte de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis & his first wife Adelais Ctss de Vermandois [Carolingian] ([1104/05]-after 1145).   The Vita Karoli Comitis Flandriæ names "nobilem puellam Margaretam, Reinaldi comitis Clarmontensis filiam" as wife of Count Charles, specifying that the marriage took place before his accession[274].  It is assumed that Marguerite was born soon after her parents' marriage as her mother was already nearly 40 years old at the time. The De Genere Comitum Flandrensium, Notæ Parisienses refers to (but does not name) the daughter of "comes de Claromonte" and his wife Adela, specifying that she married firstly Charles Count of Flanders, secondly "Hugo Champdaveine…comes Sancti Pauli" by whom she had "Radulfus Champdaveine et Guod Champdaveine", and thirdly "dominus Balduinus de Encra" by whom she had "domini Galteri de Helli"[275].  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis refers to, but does not name, the daughter of "comes Rainaldus [de Claromonte]" and his wife Adelaide as the wife of "comes Karolus Flandre"[276].  It is assumed that Marguerite was born soon after her parents' marriage as her mother was already nearly 40 years old at the time.  Baudouin & his wife had one child: 

a)         GAUTHIER de Helli .  The De Genere Comitum Flandrensium, Notæ Parisienses refers to (but does not name) the daughter of "comes de Claromonte" and his wife Adela, specifying that she married thirdly "dominus Balduinus de Encra" by whom she had "domini Galteri de Helli"[277]

 

3.         EUSTACHE d’Encre (-before 1197)m MARIE d’Amiens, daughter of ENGUERRAND Vidame d’Amiens & his wife Marguerite de Ponthieu (-after 1197).  

 

 

 

F.      SEIGNEURS de HANGEST

 

 

Hangest-en-Santerre is located in the canton of Moreuil, south-east of Amiens, in the present-day French département of Somme.  A junior branch of this family were seigneurs de Genlis, whose name was changed to Villequier-Aumont in the 18th century and which is located just north of Chauny and south-east of Ham, and was previously in the county of Vermandois[278]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         FLORENT [I] de Hangest (-Acre [1190/91]).  "...Florentius de Hangest et Albertus frater eius…" are named among the arbitrators in a charter dated 1190 which records the settlement of a dispute with Ourscamp concerning "molendini de Salice"[279].  Roger of Hoveden names “...Florentius de Angest...” among those who died at the siege of Acre[280]m ---.  The name of Florent’s wife is not known.  Florent & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [JEAN [I] de Hangest (-[1190/1202]).  Père Anselme names "Jean seigneur de Hangest [...vivoit en 1190]...Aubert de Hangest" as the two sons of Florent [I] de Hangest but cites no primary source which confirms the statement[281].  He adds that Jean [I] founded “la chapelle de S. Martin de Hangest”.  Seigneur de Hangest et d’Avesnecourt.  m HELISENDE, daughter of --- (-after 1202).  "Florentio Juveni de Hangest" donated land “in maresco inter novam calceiam ante Davenescurt...” to Compiègne Saint-Corneille, at the request of "matris sue Helessendis, Auberti militis de Hangest avunculi eiusdem Florentii", by charter dated 1202[282].  Père Anselme says that, in relation to Jean [I], "on lui donne pour femme Helisende, et selon d’Autres Gode des Preaux, dame d’Avesnecourt, fondatrice du prieuré d’Avesnecourt" but cites no primary source which confirms either statement[283].  Jean [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          FLORENT [II] de Hangest (-after May 1226).  Père Anselme names "Florent seigneur de Hangest II du nom...Jean d’Hangest seigneur d’Avesnecourt" as the two sons of Jean [I] de Hangest but cites no primary source which confirms the statement[284]Seigneur de Hangest et d’Avesnecourt.  "Florentio Juveni de Hangest" donated land “in maresco inter novam calceiam ante Davenescurt...” to Compiègne Saint-Corneille, at the request of "matris sue Helessendis, Auberti militis de Hangest avunculi eiusdem Florentii", by charter dated 1202[285].  The Scripta de Feodis of King Philippe II record “Florencium de Hangest” among the fiefholders of “Odo de Han...de baronia de Ham[286]Florentius de Hangest” confirmed the sale made by “Joannes de Rosoy” by charter dated May 1226[287]m ---.  The name of Florent’s wife is not known.  Florent [II] & his wife had one child: 

(1)       [FLORENT [III] de Hangest (-before 1254).  Seigneur de Hangest et d’Avesnecourt.  Père Anselme names "Florent seigneur de Hangest et d’Avesnecourt III du nom" as the son of Florent [II] de Hangest, adding that he made donations “à la maladerie d’Avesnecourt et mourut sans postérité avant 1254”[288].] 

ii)         [JEAN [II] d’Hangest (-after 1264)Père Anselme names "Florent seigneur de Hangest II du nom...Jean d’Hangest seigneur d’Avesnecourt" as the two sons of Jean [I] de Hangest but cites no primary source which confirms the statement[289]Seigneur de Hangest et d’Avesnecourt.  

-         see below

iii)        --- de Hangest .  The Chronicon Hanoniense of Baudouin d’Avesnes records that "conte Jehan de Soissons...monseigneur Raoul son frere" married firstly "la roine de Chyppre...ainsnee fille le roi Henri d’Acre" (garbled) and secondly “la fille monseignour Jehan de Hangest...[in one manuscript] qui fus peres monsigneur Aubert” by whom he had “une fille qui fut hoirs de sa terre[290]m RAOUL de Nesle, son of RAOUL de Nesle Comte de Soissons & his second wife Yolande --- (-after 1272).

b)         AUBERT [II] de Hangest (-after 1202).  Père Anselme names "Jean seigneur de Hangest [...vivoit en 1190]...Aubert de Hangest" as the two sons of Florent [I] de Hangest, in a later passage “il est cru fils puiné de Florent seigneur de Hangest[291].  He cites no primary source which confirms his statement.  However, his parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1202 under which [his nephew] "Florentio Juveni de Hangest" donated land “in maresco inter novam calceiam ante Davenescurt...” to Compiègne Saint-Corneille, at the request of "matris sue Helessendis, Auberti militis de Hangest avunculi eiusdem Florentii"[292].  Seigneur de Genlis et de Neuville-le-roi. 

-        see below

2.         AUBERT [I] de Hangest (-after 1190).  "...Florentius de Hangest et Albertus frater eius…" are named among the arbitrators in a charter dated 1190 which records the settlement of a dispute with Ourscamp concerning "molendini de Salice"[293]

 

 

JEAN [II] d’Hangest, son of [JEAN [I] Seigneur de Hangest & his wife Hélisende ---] (-after 1264)Père Anselme names "Florent seigneur de Hangest II du nom...Jean d’Hangest seigneur d’Avesnecourt" as the two sons of Jean [I] de Hangest but cites no primary source which confirms the statement[294].  He adds that Jean [II] settled a dispute with the inhabitants of Avesnecourt concerning a donation made by Gode des Preaux, which was confirmed by Louis IX King of France in 1258, and confirmed the donations made by “son neveu Florent seigneur de Hangest...à la maladerie d’Avesnecourt” in 1264.  Seigneur de Hangest et d’Avesnecourt.  

m ---.  The name of Jean’s wife is not known. 

Jean [II] & his wife had one child: 

1.         [JEAN [III] de Hangest (-after 23 Sep 1299).  The Exercitus Fuxensis Index Primus, dated 1272, names “milites...Johannes [de] Hangesto” among “homines feodales...in ballia Viromandensi...Mons Desiderii[295]Seigneur de Hangest et d’Avesnecourt.  "Jehans sire de Hangest" confirmed the donation of land "inter villam de Waescort...et villam de Greuni" made to Ourscamp by “Perron Wignon de Goiencourt escuier” by charter dated Jul 1287[296].  Père Anselme states that Jean [III] confirmed an exchange of property with Compiègne Saint-Corneille by charter dated 1287[297].]  m JEANNE de la Tournelle, daughter of RAOUL Seigneur de la Tournelle & his wife Beatrix de Saint-Sauflieu.  Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage[298].  Jean [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         RORICON de Hangest (-[1352])Seigneur de Hangest et d’Avesnecourt.  Maréchal de France 1352.  m firstly ISABELLE de Montmorency, daughter of MATHIEU [IV] Seigneur de Montmorency & his second wife Jeanne de Levis (-bur Avesnecourt Notre-Dame).  m secondly as her third husband, ALIX de Garlande, widow firstly of AUBERT Seigneur de Narcey and secondly of DREUX de Roye Seigneur de Germigny, daughter of [JEAN de Garlande Seigneur de Possesse & his wife --- de Roucy] (-after 1335).  Roricon & his first wife had two children: 

i)          JEAN [IV] de Hangest (-[4 Apr 1358/1363])Seigneur de Hangest et d’Avesnecourt.  m (1342) MARIE de Picquigny, daughter of FERRY de Picquigny Seigneur d’Ailly-sur-Somme et de Hervey & his wife Beatrix de Nesle Dame de Falvy et de la Hérelle (-1381).   

-         SEIGNEURS de HANGEST

ii)         AUBERT de Hangest (-[1342/52]).  m (1336) JEANNE de Narcey Dame de Narcey, daughter of AUBERT Seigneur de Narcey & his wife Alix de Garlande. 

-         SEIGNEURS de BLAISE, de VAVINCOURT, et d’ARZILLIERS

 

 

AUBERT [II] de Hangest, son of FLORENT [I] de Hangest & his wife --- (-after 1202)Père Anselme names "Jean seigneur de Hangest [...vivoit en 1190]...Aubert de Hangest" as the two sons of Florent [I] de Hangest, in a later passage “il est cru fils puiné de Florent seigneur de Hangest[299].  He cites no primary source which confirms his statement.  However, his parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1202 under which [his nephew] "Florentio Juveni de Hangest" donated land “in maresco inter novam calceiam ante Davenescurt...” to Compiègne Saint-Corneille, at the request of "matris sue Helessendis, Auberti militis de Hangest avunculi eiusdem Florentii"[300].  Seigneur de Genlis et de Neuville-le-roi. 

m COMTESSE, daughter of ---.  Père Anselme names her as wife of Aubert [II], adding that she gave her consent to a donation to Beauvais Saint-Lucien made by her husband by charter dated 1188[301]

Aubert [II] & his wife had one child: 

1.         AUBERT [III] de Hangest (-[after Mar 1231]).  Philippe II King of France granted “villam...Pons-sancti Petri” to “fideli nostro Alberto de Angesto et heredi suo masculo de uxore sua desponsata” by charter dated 1204[302].  The Scripta de Feodis of King Philippe II record “dominus Aubertus d’Enges[t]” holding “medietatem Pontis Sancti Petri et de Romelliaco et de Pitres et de foresta de Longo Bouello de rege” in “feoda de ballivia Rothomagensi”, “Aubertus de Hangesto” holding “Genli...et Guivencort et...medietatem bosci Oignois[303].  "Aubertus de Hangest et Ricardus Heldols milites" were named as arbitrators in a charter dated May 1215 which records a dispute between Compiègne Saint-Corneille and "Johannem de Cosduno militem et Hugonem filium eius" concerning “justicia ville de Mares[304].  “...Alberto de Hangest...” is named as present in a charter of “Johannes comes Bellimontis” dated 1222[305].  ["Aubertus de Hangest miles" confirmed the donation to Compiègne Saint-Corneille made by "Rainerius d’Estalons filius Alberici Croisset militis et Florencia uxor eius" by chartrer dated Mar 1231[306].  It is not certain whether this charter relates to Aubert [III] or his son Aubert [IV].]  m [BEATRIX de Châtillon, daughter of GAUCHER [III] Seigneur de Châtillon-sur-Marne Comte de Saint-Pol & his wife Elisabeth Ctss de Saint-Pol (-1233, bur Genlis Sainte-Elisabeth)Du Chesne records her marriage and states that she and her husband founded the abbey of Sainte Elisabeth de Genlis where she was buried, citing in his Preuves only a communication "par le sieur Hozier" stating that “Aubert de Hanest Seigneur de Genly fils puisné de Messire Florent Seigneur de Hangest et de Genly espousa Dame Beatrix de Chastillon seur d’Ysabeau femme de Messire Raoul de Coucy” and reporting their foundation and burial[307].  This statement is inaccurate concerning the wife of Raoul de Coucy.  It is not known whether it is accurate concerning Aubert de Hangest and his wife.  Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage, but names her Elisabeth, also without citing any primary source[308].]  Aubert [III] & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         [AUBERT [IV] de Hangest (-before 1259).  Père Anselme records Aubert [IV] as the son of Aubert [III] but without citing any primary source[309].  Seigneur de Genlis.  ["Aubertus de Hangest miles" confirmed the donation to Compiègne Saint-Corneille made by "Rainerius d’Estalons filius Alberici Croisset militis et Florencia uxor eius" by chartrer dated Mar 1231[310].  It is not certain whether this charter relates to Aubert [III] or his son Aubert [IV].]  m as her first husband, MARIE de Roye, daughter of RAOUL de Roye Seigneur de la Ferté-en-Ponthieu & his wife Marie de Ville (-13 Mar ----).  She married secondly ([before 1259]) Bouchard [VIII] Comte de Vendôme.  The executors of “domini Auberti de Hangesto” claimed against “comitem Vindocinensem” for “dotalicio comitisse uxoris sue” dated 1260[311].  She married thirdly ([15 May/9 Dec] 1271) Jean de Vieuxpont Seigneur de Courville.  Her third marriage is confirmed by the necrology of Saint-Nicolas de Courville which records the death “V Non Mai“ of "dominus Johannes de Veteriponte miles junior” and his donation for the anniversaries of “patris et matris eiusdem necnon et domini Yvonis condam fratris sui” made “Curveville in castello...in presencia nobilis domine domine de Vindocino domine de Curvavilla uxoris eiusdem...anno LXXI die mercurii post Concepcionem beate Marie Virginis” [1270/71][312].  A charter dated 1272 records a judgment against “B. comitem Vindocinensem” and after his death “dominam Mariam comitissam Vindocinensem, ratione liberorum suorum” relating to the capture of four men in the land of Sentier priory[313].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "V Non Mar" of "Maria comitissa"[314].  The necrology of Saint-Nicolas de Courville records the death “III Id Mar“ of "Marie domine de Curveville condam comitisse Vindocinensis et matris Yvonis domini Curveville militis” and the donation for whom of “annui redditus super preposituram Curveville, ad festum beati Remigii[315].  Aubert [IV] & his wife had three children: 

i)          --- de Hangest (-after 1273).  Richemond states that the older sister of Aubert [V] married Jean de Wallencourt, adding that both sisters disputed the inheritance of their father with their brother[316].  In 1273, “Johannes de Wallencuria et eius uxor” agreed that part of the succession of “defuncto domino Auberto de Hangesto patre ipsius domicelle”, as “filiabus suis legata”, should be paid to “Auberto de Hangesto fratri domicelle predicte[317]m (before 1273) JEAN de Wallencourt, son of ---. 

ii)         AUBERT [V] de Hangest (-after 1297).  Père Anselme records Aubert [V] as the son of Aubert [IV], adding that his stepfather won a lawsuit against him in 1281 regarding the execution of contracts agreed between them[318]. 

-         see below

iii)        LAURE de Hangest (-after 1280).  Richemond names Laure as younger sister of Aubert [V], adding that both sisters disputed the inheritance of their father with their brother[319]. “Domicelle Lore de Hangesto sororis sue” claimed against “Auberti de Hangesto militis” for “maritagio ipsius domicelle” in 1280[320]

 

 

AUBERT [V] de Hangest, son of AUBERT [IV] de Hangest Seigneur de Genlis & his wife Marie de Roye (-after 1297).  Père Anselme records Aubert [V] as the son of Aubert [IV], adding that his stepfather won a lawsuit against him in 1281 regarding the execution of contracts agreed between them[321].  The Exercitus Fuxensis Index Primus, dated 1272, names “armigeri..Aubertus de Hangesto” among “homines feodales...in ballia Viromandensi...Calriacum[322].  “Aubiers de Hangiest chevaliers sire de Genli” confirmed an exchange of property made by “Pieron de Saint-Aubin” by charter dated Mar 1284[323].  Richemond records that Aubert resolved a dispute between Jean d’Avesnes and the citizens of Valenciennes in 1296, and in 1297 was sent by Philippe IV King of France with Jacques de Saint-Paul to negotiate an agreement with the citizens of Douai, commenting that Aubert’s son Aubert [VI] would have been too young at that time to have undertaken these missions[324]

m ([1275]) [ELEONORE] de Villebéon, daughter of GAUTHIER [IV] de Villebéon, Seigneur de Tournenfuye, de Heuqueville et de Fontaine-Guérart & his wife Eléonore de Melun.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the lawsuit dated 1281 concerning the marriage contract between “domini G. Cambellani militis...filiam” and “Aubertum de Hangesto militem[325].  Richemond highlights the absence of texts which confirm the name of this daughter, adding that “nous lui prêtons le prénom d’Eléonore parce que ce fut celui de sa mère et de sa fille[326].  Père Anselme names “Isabelle de Tancarville dame de Fontaines, fille de Guillaume sire de Tancarville, chambellan de Normandie” as the wife of Aubert [V][327].  Richemond explains that this error presumably resulted from a misinterpretation of the documentation relating to the 1281 lawsuit, which names Aubert’s father-in-law “G. Cambellanus” which Anselme took to refer to the chamberlain of Normandy, especially as the dowry consisted of land inherited by his father-in-law’s paternal grandmother (Isabelle de Tancarville daughter of Guillaume de Tancarville and his wife Alix de Serans)[328]

Aubert [V] & his wife had [two] children: 

1.         AUBERT [VI] de Hangest (-[17 Aug 1328/1329], bur Genlis).  A charter dated Aug 1305 records a settlement between Ourscamp and "monseigneur Aubert de Hangest chevalier seigneur de Genli" concerning various properties[329].  A list of convocations, dated 15 Jul 1317, names “Vermandois...à Montdidier: ...Aubert de Angest...[330].  A list of convocations, dated 5 Feb 1319 (N.S.), names “Vermandois: Monseigneur Aubert de Angest” and dated 25 Mar 1319 (N.S.) “...Monseigneur Aubert de Angest...[331]m (Papal dispensation 10 Jun 1302) as her second husband, AGNES, widow of RENAUD [II] Seigneur de Dargies, daughter of --- (-before 1329).  The Papal dispensation for the marriage of “nobili viro Auberto de Hangesto milite” and “nobli muliere Agnete domina de Dargies”, because “quondam Reginaldus de Dargies olim vir predicte Agnetis” was related by 4o affinity to “ipsi Auberto”, is dated 10 Jun 1302[332].  According to Père Anselme, she was “Agnes de Bruyères...sœur de Thomas seigneur de Bruyères” but he cites no primary source which confirms his statement[333].  Richemond says that she was “fille de Jean de Bruyères et d’Eustachie de Lévis ou de Lesves, et veuve de Robert d’Argies” but he cites no primary source[334]Aubert [VI] & his wife had children: 

a)         AUBERT [VII] de Hangest (-29 Sep 1338, bur Genlis).  Seigneur de Genlis.  m (contract 20 Nov 1335) as her first husband, JEANNE de Joinville Dame de Rimaucourt, daughter of ANSEAU Seigneur de Joinville & his first wife Laura von Saarbrücken.  "Jean de Hangest chevalier frère et héritier d’Aubert de Hangest" sold property to Philippe VI King of France, saving revenue for "Jeanne de Joinville veuve d’Aubert", by charter dated Nov 1338[335].  "Le duc de Normandie fils du roi de France" granted compensation to "Anseau de Joinville" for “la garde du fils de feu Aubert de Hangest seigneur de Genlis son gendre” by charter dated 1338[336].  She married secondly (before 1344) Jean de Noyers Comte de Joigny.  The Parlement of Paris ordered "Henri de Joinville" to pay "à sa sœur Jeanne comtesse de Joigny veuve d’Aubert de Hangest" the sum due “au jour de la rédaction du contrat de mariage de Jeanne avec Aubert de Hangest seigneur de Genlis...daté du 20 novembre 1335” from the succession of “Anseau de Joinville[337].  Aubert & his wife had one child: 

i)          --- de Hangest ([1336/37]-[1338]).  "Le duc de Normandie fils du roi de France" granted compensation to "Anseau de Joinville" for “la garde du fils de feu Aubert de Hangest seigneur de Genlis son gendre” by charter dated 1338[338].  It is not clear from this extract whether Aubert’s son was deceased at the time, but presumably he must have died around [1338] as Aubert’s brother was named as Aubert’s heir. 

b)         JEAN de Hangest (-after 1340).  "Jean de Hangest chevalier frère et héritier d’Aubert de Hangest" sold property to Philippe VI King of France, saving revenue for "Jeanne de Joinville veuve d’Aubert", by charter dated Nov 1338[339]m MARIE de Vignement, daughter of ---. 

-        SEIGNEURS de GENLIS

c)         MATHIEU de Hangest (-before 1331).  Seigneur de la Taule.  m as her first husband, MARIE de la Bove, daughter of ---.  She married secondly Jean de Villesçavoir

-        SEIGNEURS de la TAULE

d)         JEANNE de Hangest .  Dame de Beaulieu. 

2.         [ELEONORE de Hangest (-[after 1336]).  Richemond states that Eléonore was the daughter of Aubert [V][340].  According to Père Anselme, she was the daughter of Aubert [VI]: he says that she sued “la comtesse de Soissons et la dame de Barbançon” [descendants of Jeanne de Dargies, daughter of the wife of Aubert [VI] by her first marriage] in 1329 for the succession of her mother and in 1336 the bishop of Noyon[341].  From a chronological point of view, it appears impossible for Eléonore to have been the daughter of Aubert [VI], assuming that the date of death of her husband is correctly shown below.  If that is correct, the claimant in the lawsuit cited by Anselme was presumably one of the daughters of Aubert [VI] (it is not known whether her name is specified in the documentation).  m RAOUL [V] le Flamenc Seigneur de Cany, son of RAOUL [IV] le Flamenc Seigneur de Cany, maréchal de France & his wife & his [first/second wife Helvide de Conflans/Jeanne de Chaumont] (-1302).] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    COMTES d'ARTOIS

 

 

A.        COMTES d'ARTOIS 1237-1329 (CAPET)

 

 

Vanderkindere describes the approximate boundaries of the pagus Atrebatensis, predecessor of the county of Artois: east of the pagus Teruanensis, north of the counties of Vermandois and Amiens, west of the pagus Austrebantum (Ostrevant) and the pagus Caribantus (in the county of Flanders), and south of the pagus Scarbeius and the pagus Leticus[342]

 

The Annales Vedastini record that Baudouin II Count of Flanders captured Artois in 892[343].  Héribert II Comte de Vermandois conquered Artois in 927, although the territory continued to be disputed by Arnoul I Count of Flanders who reconquered it in 932[344].  After the accession of the infant Count Arnoul III following the death of his grandfather Arnoul I in 964, Lothaire King of the West Franks took temporary control over Artois, only handing it back to Flanders when Count Arnoul reached the age of majority[345].  Artois remained under the control of Flanders until Count Philippe granted the county to his niece Isabelle de Hainaut as her dowry when she married Philippe II "Auguste" King of France in 1180.  Count Philippe retained a life interest in the county.  King Philippe conquered the territory in [1190/91] after the death of the Flemish count, but was obliged to return part of it to Count Baudouin IX under the terms of the Treaty of Péronne.  The French king acquired the remaining part of the county under the Treaty of Lens in 1212, agreed as part of the arrangements connected with the marriage of Jeanne Ctss of Flanders and Fernando Infante of Portugal.  No record of autonomous counts of Artois has been identified between the late 9th and early 13th centuries until the installation of Robert, son of Louis VIII King of France, as Comte d'Artois in 1237. 

 

 

ROBERT de France, son of LOUIS VIII King of France & his wife Infanta doña Blanca de Castilla y León (Sep 1216-killed in battle Mansurah, Egypt 9 Feb 1250).  Matthew of Paris names him "Robertus comes Atrabatensis regis frater" when he records his death[346].  He was installed as Comte d'Artois 7 Jun 1237.  Pope Gregory IX, having excommunicated and deposed Emperor Friedrich II, offered the imperial Crown to King Louis IX in 1239 for his brother Robert Comte d’Artois, but King Louis refused it on the latter’s behalf in 1240.  Robert accompanied his brother on crusade 1249.  His death is recorded by Matthew of Paris[347].  The necrology of Sainte-Chapelle records the death "IV Id Feb" of "Robertis comitis Attrebatensis"[348]

Betrothed ([1235]) to Infanta dona MARIA de Portugal, daughter of Infante don FERNANDO de Portugal [FERRAND Count of Flanders] & Hainaut & his wife Jeanne Ctss of Flanders and Hainaut (1227 or after-after 1235).  After her father's death, Louis IX King of France demanded that she be sent to Paris for her education[349].  The marriage contract between “J. comitissa Flandrie et Haonie…Mariam filiam nostram” and “Ludovicum regem Francie…Robertus frater ipsius domini regis” is dated Jun 1235[350]

m (Compiègne 14 Jun 1237) as her first husband, MATHILDE de Brabant, daughter of HENRI II Duke of Brabant & his first wife Maria von Staufen (1224-29 Sep 1288, bur Abbaye de Cercamp, Artois).  The Oude Kronik van Brabant names (in order) "Mechtildim comitissam Atrebatensem et Sancti Pauli, Mariam comitissam palatinam Reni, Beatricem lantgraviam Thuringie postea comitissam Flandrie, et Margaretam sanctiomonialem, postea abbatissam in Valle Ducis" as the daughters of "Henricus secundus et quintus dux Brabancie" and his first wife Marie[351].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the marriage "apud Conpendium in octavis Pentecostes" of "Francie frater regis Robertus" and "Mathilde filia ducis Brabantie"[352]The Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis records the marriage in 1238 "apud Compendium" of "sanctus Ludovicus rex Franciæ Robertum fratrum suum" and "filiæ ducis Brabantiæ Mathildi"[353]She married secondly ([Naples before 31 May 1254]) Guy [IV] de Châtillon Comte de Blois et de Saint-Pol.  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "Johannes…fratri Guidoni [comes] Sancti Pauli" married "Macthildem filiam Henrici ducis Brabantiæ, relictam comitis Atrebatensis Roberti"[354]

Comte Robert I & his wife had two children: 

1.         BLANCHE d'Artois (1248-Paris 2 May 1302, probably bur Minoresses Convent, Aldgate, London)The Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis records that "Henricus rex Navarræ comesque Campaniæ" married "sorore comitis Attrebatensis Roberti"[355]The Chronicle of Thomas Wykes records the marriage in 1275 of “dominus Edmundus frater domini regis Anglorum” and “dominam reginam Naveriæ[356]The Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis records the marriage in 1275 of "comes Attrebati Robertus...sororem...relictam regis Navarræ Henrici" and "Edmundo fratri regis Angliæ Edoardi"[357]Regent of Navarre, during the minority of her daughter Juana Queen of Navarre, whose marriage with the future Philippe IV King of France she agreed at Orléans in May 1275.  m firstly (Melun, Seine-et-Marne 1269) Infante don ENRIQUE de Navarra, son of TEOBALDO I King of Navarre [THIBAUT IV Comte de Champagne] & his third wife Marguerite de Bourbon ([1244-Pamplona 22 Jul 1274, bur Pamplona).  He succeeded his brother 1270 as ENRIQUE I King of Navarre, HENRI III Comte de Champagnem secondly (Paris before 3 Feb 1276, or [27 Jul/29 Oct] 1276) as his second wife, EDMUND “Crouchback/Gibbosus” of England Earl of Lancaster, son of HENRY III King of England & his wife Eléonore de Provence (London 16 Jan 1245-Bayonne 5 Jun 1296, bur Westminster Abbey).  

2.         ROBERT d'Artois (posthumously Sep 1250-killed in battle Courtrai 11 Jul 1302, bur Abbaye de Maubuisson).  He succeeded his father at birth as Comte d'Artois.  His paternal uncle Charles I King of Sicily named him Captain and Vicar-General of the kingdom of Sicily 25 Dec 1275, a post which he held until 3 Mar 1276.  Regent of Sicily in 1284-1289 for his cousin King Charles II, during the latter's period of imprisonment, Robert was named Captain General after the king's release 15 Sep 1289.  The necrology of Maubuisson records the death "V Id Jul" of "Roberti quondam Attrebatensis comitis et Mathildis defuncti filie comitisse Attrebatensis et Burgundie"[358]m firstly (contract Paris 13 Jun 1259, Papal dispensation 5 Dec 1261, 1262) AMICIE de Courtenay Dame de Conches-en-Ouches, daughter and heiress of PIERRE [I] de Courtenay Seigneur de Conches & his second wife Mathilde de Mehun (1250-Rome 1275, bur Rome).  The marriage contract between “Robertus filius bonæ memoriæ Roberti comitis Attrebatensis” and “Amicia filia quondam Petri de Curtigniaco” is dated 13 Jun 1259,  and names “Petronilla uxor Henrici de Soliaco dictæ Amiciæ mater...Robertus Aurelianensis episcopus, Radulphus, Ioannes, Guillelmus de Curtigniaco fratres, patrui dictæ Amiciæ, Simon de Monteforti comes Leycestriæ avunculus dictæ Amiciæ[359].  Pope Urban IV granted a dispensation for the marriage of “Amaicia nata quondam Petri de Cortenayo” and “Roberto comiti Attrebatensi” dated 5 Dec 1261[360]The Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis records the death in 1275 at Rome of "comes Attrebati Robertus...uxore sua...filia...Petri de Cortenajo militis"[361]m secondly (before 13 Jun 1277) as her second husband, AGNES de Dampierre Dame de Bourbon, widow of JEAN de Bourgogne Seigneur de Charolais, daughter and co-heiress of ARCHAMBAUD [IX] Seigneur de Bourbon & his wife Yolande de Châtillon heiress of Nevers, Auxerre and Tonnerre (1237-Foggia, Apulia [5 Sep 1287/30 Jun 1288], bur Champaigue-en-Bourbonnais, église des Cordeliers).  Her two marriages are confirmed by the Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis which records that "rex Franciæ fratrem suum Robertum comitem Clarimontis" married her daughter "filiam dominæ de Borbone uxoris quondam fratris ducis Burgundiæ Roberti et post comitis Attrebatensis Roberti"[362]m thirdly (18 Oct 1298) MARGUERITE de Hainaut, daughter of JEAN II Comte de Hainaut and Holland & his wife Philippa de Luxembourg (-19 Oct 1342, bur Valenciennes, église des Cordeliers).  The Chronologia Johannes de Beke names (in order) "…Margareta comitissam Atrabatensem…" as children of Count Jean & his wife[363]The Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis records that "Robertus comes Attrebati" married "filiam Johannis Hanoniæ" as his third wife[364]Comte Robert II & his first wife had three children:

a)         MATHILDE d'Artois (1268-Paris 27 Oct 1329, bur Maubuisson, église abbatiale)The Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis records that "comes Attrebati Robertus...unicam filiam" married "Otholinus comes Burgundiæ", dating the event to [1284/85] in a later passage[365]She was invested as Ctss d'Artois after the death of her father, as his closest relative, her succession being disputed by her nephew Robert d'Artois.  Philippe IV King of France decided the dispute in her favour 9 Oct 1309.  She received Béthune at Fontainebleau in Dec 1311.  The nobles of Artois rebelled against her in 1314, supported by her nephew.  She was accused of criminal acts but acquitted 9 Oct 1317.  "Mathildis comitissa Actrebatensis et Burgundie, palatina ac domina Salinensis" confirmed the purchase of clothes for the poor of Arbois, by "dominus noster…Philippus…Francie et Navarre rex…ac…filia nostra Johanna…regina" for the soul of "domini nostri bone memorie domini Othonis comitis Burgundie", by charter dated 20 Dec 1320[366].  The testament of "Mathildis comitssa Attrebatensis et Burgundiæ Palatina ac domina Salinensis", dated 24 Mar 1328, chooses burial "in ecclesia B. Mariæ Regalis prope Pontifaram" at the foot of "genitoris mei Roberti quondam comitis Atrebatensis" or "in ecclesia Fratrum Minorem apud Parisius" next to "Roberti…filii mei", appoints as her heir in Artois "Johannam…filiam meam…Reginam Francie et Navarræ" and in default "filiam meam Johannam ducissam Burgundiæ eiusdem Reginæ primogenitam", donated property for the soul of "domini et mariti mei Othonis quondam comitis Atrebatensis et Burgundiæ Palatini ac domini Salinensis", and makes other bequests[367]m (9 Jun 1291) as his second wife, OTHON V Comte Palatin de Bourgogne, son of HUGUES de Chalon Comte Palatin de Bourgogne & his wife Alix Ctss Palatine de Bourgogne [Andechs-Merano] (before 1248-Melun 26 Mar 1303, bur Charlieu).  Othon transferred his assets to his daughter Jeanne as her dowry by contract at Vincennes 2 Mar 1295.  He settled in Paris.  He led French troops to victory at the battle of Cassel, but died from his wounds soon after.   

b)         PHILIPPE d'Artois (1269-near Furnes 11 Sep 1298, bur Paris, église des Jacobins)The Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis names "Philippum...et Robertum" as the two sons of "comes Attrebati Robertus" by his wife "filia...Petri de Cortenajo militis"[368]He succeeded his mother in 1275 as Seigneur de Conches. 

-        see below, Part B.

c)         ROBERT (1271-young).  The Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis names "Philippum...et Robertum" as the two sons of "comes Attrebati Robertus" by his wife "filia...Petri de Cortenajo militis", adding that Robert died "puer"[369]Philippe IV King of France confirmed the settlement of a dispute between Philippum de Attrabato militum, defunctum Robertum eius fratrem, tempore quo idem Robertus vivebat” and “liberos dominæ Soliaci ex defuncto Henrico de Soliaco milite...quos eadem domina in sua garda habebat” relating to the succession of “Johannes de Soliaco miles...ex successione...defunctæ Petronillæ de Cortenoi et de Soliaco matris suæ [...Henrico de Soliaco senior miles...uxor]”, recording that Jean de Sully held one fourth part in the succession because “dicta domina Petronilla quatuor liberos habuisset”, by charter dated May 1291[370]

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEUR de CONCHES 1298-1332 (CAPET)

 

 

PHILIPPE d'Artois, son of ROBERT II "le Bon/le Noble" Comte d'Artois & his first wife Amicie de Courtenay (1269-near Furnes 11 Sep 1298, bur Paris, église des Jacobins)The Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis names "Philippum...et Robertum" as the two sons of "comes Attrebati Robertus" by his wife "filia...Petri de Cortenajo militis"[371]He succeeded his mother in 1275 as Seigneur de Conches.  He was fatally wounded at the battle of Furnes.  Philippe IV King of France confirmed the settlement of a dispute between Philippum de Attrabato militum, defunctum Robertum eius fratrem, tempore quo idem Robertus vivebat” and “liberos dominæ Soliaci ex defuncto Henrico de Soliaco milite...quos eadem domina in sua garda habebat” relating to the succession of “Johannes de Soliaco miles...ex successione...defunctæ Petronillæ de Cortenoi et de Soliaco matris suæ [...Henrico de Soliaco senior miles...uxor]”, recording that Jean de Sully held one fourth part in the succession because “dicta domina Petronilla quatuor liberos habuisset”, by charter dated May 1291[372]The Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis records the death in 1298 of "Philippus filius Roberti comitis Attrebatensis" and his burial "apud fratres Prædicatores Parisius"[373]

m (contract Paris Jul 1280, Paris, église Saint-Eustache after Nov 1281) BLANCHE de Bretagne, daughter of JEAN II Duke of Brittany & his wife Beatrix of England (1270-19 Mar 1327).  The Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis records that "comes Attrebati Robertus...[filium] Philippum" married "filiam Johannis comitis Britanniæ Blancham, neptem Edoardi regis Angliæ"[374]Philippe IV King of France granted revenue to "consanguinea nostra Blancha...J. ducis Britannie filia" for “Margarete filie sue...Ludovici comitis Ebroicensis germani nostri...uxori...maritagii” by charter dated Jul 1303[375]

Philippe & his wife had seven children:

1.         MARGUERITE d'Artois (1285-23/24 Apr or 26 Oct 1311, bur Paris, église des Jacobins)The Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis records that one of the daughters of "Philippus filius Roberti comitis Attrebatensis" married "Ludovicus regis Franciæ frater, comes Ebroicarum"[376].  The Continuatio of the Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis records the marriage in 1301 of "Ludovicus comes Ebroicensis frater regis Franciæ" and "Margaretam filiam Philippi Roberti comitis Attrebatensis filii"[377]Philippe IV King of France granted revenue to "consanguinea nostra Blancha...J. ducis Britannie filia" for “Margarete filie sue...Ludovici comitis Ebroicensis germani nostri...uxori...maritagii” by charter dated Jul 1303[378].  Dame de Brie-Comte-Robert.  The necrology of the church of Evreux records the death "26 Oct" of "Margarethæ quondam comitissæ Ebroicensis"[379]m (1301) LOUIS Comte d'Evreux, son of PHILIPPE III "le Hardi" King of France & his second wife Marie de Brabant (May 1276-Hôtel d’Evreux, Paris 19 May 1319, bur Paris, église des Jacobins). 

2.         ROBERT d'Artois (1287-[Brest], Brittany end-Oct 1342, bur London, St Paul's)His parentage is confirmed by the Continuatio of the Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis which records the betrothal in 1308 of "Robertus Philippi Atrebatensis filius" and "Blancham alteram filiarum quondam ducis Burgundie"[380]He succeeded his father in 1298 as Seigneur de Conches, de Domfront et de Mehun-sur-Yèvre. 

-        see below.

3.         JEANNE d'Artois (1289-after 24 Mar 1350)The Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis records that the second daughter of "Philippus filius Roberti comitis Attrebatensis" married "Gasto filius Remundi Bernardi comitis Fuxinensis"[381]Letters of Philippe IV "le Bel" King of France dated 7 April 1299 at Saint-Germain-en-Laye recall the private agreements between "Rogerius Bernardi comes Fuxi et vicecomes Bearnii" and "Philippus primogenitus…consanguinei nostri Roberti comitis Attrebatensis tempore quo vivebat" relating to the marriage between "Gasconem Fuxi primogeniti dicti comitis" and "Johannam filiam dicti Philippi"[382].   The final marriage contract is contained in letters of King Philippe IV dated Oct 1301 at Senlis which, taking into account the recent emancipation of Gaston de Foix, confirm (at the latter's request) the marriage between "Gastonem filium et fidelem nostrum Rogerium comitis Fuxensis" and "consanguineam nostram Johannam natam pie memorie Philippi primogeniti…consanguinei et fidelis nostri comitis Attrebatensis"[383]Her son Roger Bernard [III] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his mother "egregiae dominae Johannae de Atrabato matri nostrae carissimae"[384]Accused of scandalous conduct and prodigality, she was removed from power by her husband, and later by her son.  Her son imprisoned her in 1331 at the Château de Foix, she was later moved in turn to Orthez, Lourdes and Carbonne.  m (contract Senlis Oct 1301) GASTON [I] de Foix, son of ROGER BERNARD [III] Comte de Foix & his wife Marguerite de Béarn (-killed in battle Pontoise 13 Dec 1315, bur Paris, église des Jacobins).  He succeeded his father in 1302 as Comte de Foix, under the regency of his mother.  

4.         OTHON d'Artois (-2 Nov 1291, bur Abbaye de Royaumont). 

5.         MARIE d'Artois (1291-Wijnendael 22 Jan 1365, bur Namur, église des Cordeliers)The Continuatio of the Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis which records that "Johannis de Namursio" married "filiam dominæ Blanchæ de Britannia" after the death of his first wife[385]Her husband granted her as dowry the castle of Wijnendael in Flanders, the transfer being ratified by the count of Flanders in 1313.  She acquired the château de Poilvache from Jean de Luxembourg King of Bohemia 20 Feb 1342, transferring it to her son Guillaume Comte de Namur 11 Sep 1353.  "Marie d’Artoys contesse de Namur" acknowledged repayment of a loan from the mayor of Namur by charter dated 8 Sep 1343[386].  "Guillelmes contes de Namur" acknowledged receiving repayment of a debt due to "nostre…mère madame Marie d’Artois contesse de Namur et dame dele Escluze en Flandre" by the commune of Namur by charter dated 30 Dec 1356[387]m (contract Paris 6 Mar 1310, confirmed Poissy Jan 1313) as his second wife, JEAN Comte de Namur, son of GUY Count of Flanders & his second wife Isabelle de Luxembourg Ctss de Namur (1267-[28 Oct 1329/31 Jan 1330], Bruges, église des Cordeliers).

6.         CATHERINE d'Artois ([1296]-in Normandy Nov 1368)m (before Sep 1320) JEAN [II] de Ponthieu Comte d'Aumâle, son of JEAN [I] Comte d'Aumâle [Castile] & his wife Ide de Meullent Dame de Quittebœuf et de Fontaine-Guérard (-[16 Jan 1340 or 1342]). 

7.         ISABELLE d'Artois (-Poissy, Prior of Saint-Louis 12 Nov 1344, bur Poissy, Prior of Saint-Louis).  Nun at the Priory of Saint-Louis at Poissy, at age 9. 

 

 

ROBERT d'Artois, son of PHILIPPE d'Artois Seigneur de Conches & his wife Blanche de Bretagne (1287-[Brest], Brittany end-Oct 1342, bur London, St Paul's)His parentage is confirmed by the Continuatio of the Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis which records the betrothal in 1308 of "Robertus Philippi Atrebatensis filius" and "Blancham alteram filiarum quondam ducis Burgundie"[388]He succeeded his father in 1298 as Seigneur de Conches, de Domfront et de Mehun-sur-Yèvre.  Having been dispossessed from Artois after the death of his grandfather by his aunt Mathilde, on his coming of age in 1308 he seised the parlement with a demand for the restitution of the county.  Philippe IV King of France, as arbitrator, found in favour of his aunt 9 Oct 1309, but invested Robert III as Comte de Beaumont-le-Roger in compensation.  Robert supported the nobles who rebelled against Mathilde in 1314.  These nobles supported him in turn in 1316 when Robert conquered Arras and Saint-Omer, towns which he was obliged to relinquish by the Treaty of Amiens 6 Nov 1316 after which he was imprisoned in Châtelet, later at the Palais du Louvre, until 25 Mar 1317.  An arbitral tribunal dismissed his claim to Artois again 28 May 1318.  After the accession of King Charles IV in 1322, Robert recovered a position of power and was reappointed to the Royal Council.  After Charles IV's death, Robert supported the accession of his brother-in-law Philippe VI, who made him one of his principal counsellors.  This support did not help when he renewed his claims to Artois after the deaths of his aunt Mathilde and her daughter Jeanne, queen of Philippe V King of France.  Robert was judged to have forged letters of gift, was banished 19 Mar 1332, and his assets confiscated.  He sought refuge in Brussels in Sep 1331 with his cousin the Duke of Brabant, later with the Comte de Namur, and in 1334 he left for England where King Edward III appointed him to his Council, and created him Earl of Richmond.  He encouraged Edward to claim the French throne, triggering the hundred years war, and was declared an enemy of the state in France 7 Mar 1336.  After playing an active part in the English military campaigns in Flanders and Brittany, he was wounded at the siege of Vannes, dying soon after. 

[Betrothed (1308) to --- de Bourgogne, daughter of ROBERT II Duke of Burgundy & his wife Agnes de France (-1308 or after).  The Continuatio of the Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis records the betrothal in 1308 of "Robertus Philippi Atrebatensis filius" and "Blancham alteram filiarum quondam ducis Burgundie"[389].  This record has not been explained.  Blanche, daughter of Robert II Duke of Burgundy, was already married to Edouard de Savoie in 1308.  Assuming that Robert d’Artois was betrothed to a daughter of Duke Robert II, she must have been an otherwise unrecorded daughter who, presumably, died young soon after the betrothal, as records have been identified which indicate that all his other known daughters were already betrothed or married at that date.] 

m (contract 1318) JEANNE de Valois, daughter of CHARLES de France Comte de Valois & his second wife Catherine de Courtenay (1304-in prison Château-Gaillard 9 Jul 1363, bur Paris, église des Augustins).  The Continuatio of the Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis records the marriage in 1316 of "Robertus Attrebatensis comitissæ nepos ex fratre" and "filiam comitis Valesii"[390]She was called Madame d'Artois.  She encouraged her husband to revolt, the king her brother arrested her in 1334.  She was imprisoned at Château-Gaillard, where she died many years later. 

Comte Robert & his wife had six children:

1.         LOUIS d'Artois (1320-after 25 Aug 1326).  

2.         JEAN d'Artois "Sans-Terre" (29 Aug 1321-6 Apr 1387, bur Eu, église abbatiale de Notre-Dame).  He was imprisoned at Château-Gaillard after the trial of his father, but released on the accession in 1350 of Jean II "le Bon" King of France who created him Comte d'Eu  in Feb 1351.  The Chronique des comtes d’Eu, written in 1390, records that Jean II King of France granted the county of Eu to "messire Jehan d’Artois...fliz de messire Robert d’Artois" after the death of Raoul[391]

-        COMTES d'EU

3.         JEANNE d'Artois (1323-young). 

4.         JACQUES d'Artois (1325-after 1 May 1347).  Imprisoned with his brother Robert at Nemours in 1342, later at Château-Gaillard.  

5.         ROBERT d'Artois (1326- after 1 May 1347).  The Chronique des comtes d’Eu, written in 1390, names "Pierre d’Artois, Charles d’Artois" as the two younger sons of "messire Robert d’Artois" and his wife "madame Jehanne de Biaumont"[392]Imprisoned with his brother Jacques at Nemours in 1342, later at Château-Gaillard. 

6.         CHARLES d'Artois (1328-1385)The Chronique des comtes d’Eu, written in 1390, names "Pierre d’Artois, Charles d’Artois" as the two younger sons of "messire Robert d’Artois" and his wife "madame Jehanne de Biaumont"[393]Imprisoned at Château-Gaillard with his mother in 1334, he was released on the accession in 1350 of Jean II "le Bon" King of France and joined the war against England.  He was invested as Comte de Longueville, on his marriage.  Captured at the battle of Poitiers in 1356, Charles was taken to London where he stayed four years at the Savoy Hotel.  He was later a hostage for King Jean II under the Treaty of Brétigny.  The king retook Longueville 24 Oct 1360, but created him Comte de Pézenas in Aug 1362.  Hoping to recover the county of Artois, Charles defected to the English in 1367, resulting in the confiscation of his possessions in France.  After a brief reconciliation with Charles V King of France, he rebelled again and was arrested at Agde in 1375 by Louis Duc d'Anjou.  m (1356) as her second husband, JEANNE de Baussay, widow of GEOFFROY de Beaumont Seigneur du Lude [Chamberlain of King Philippe VI], daughter and heiress of HUGUES Seigneur de Baussay & his wife Alix de Doncelles (-Mar 1402).  She succeeded her father before 31 Aug 1357 as Dame de Baussay [en-Loudunois] et de Champigny-sur-Veude.  She sold her lands to Louis Duc d'Anjou.  Comte Charles & his wife had two children:

a)         LOUIS d'Artois (1362-young, bur Loudun, Vienne, église des Cordeliers, sépulture des Seigneurs de Baussay).

b)         child. 

 

 

 

C.      COMTES de DOUAI

 

 

1.         ROGER [II] de Laon, son of ROGER [I] Comte de Laon & his wife Helvide --- (-942).  Flodoard records in 927 that Raoul King of France disputed "Laudunensi comitatu" with "Heribertum comitem" and that the king granted it to "cuidam filiorum Rotgarii…Rotgario"[394].  Flodoard records that Hugues "le Grand" captured "Duvagium" [Douai] from the Lotharingians and granted it to "Rotgario filio Rotgarii" in 931[395]Comte de Laon 926, expelled 931.  Flodoard records that "Arnulpho, filio Balduini" captured "Moritania, munitio filiorum Rotgarii" [Mortagne] in 931[396]Comte de Douai 931.  Flodoard records that "Rotgarius comes" was expelled by "rege Lodovico" and that "Duagium castellum" was returned to "Arnoldo" in 941 but that "Arnoldum cum Landrico fratre ipsius" were later expelled from the castle by the king[397]Comte de Bassigny 941.  m --- de Bassigny, daughter of GOZELON Comte de Bassigny & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Comte Roger [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGUES (-25 Aug 961, bur Reims Saint-Rémi)Comte de Bassigny.  The necrology of Reims Saint-Rémi records the death "VIII Kal Sep" of "Hugo filius Rogeri comitis"[398]

-        COMTES de BASSIGNY

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         ARNAUDComte de Douai.  Flodoard records that "Rotgarius comes" was expelled by "rege Lodovico" and that "Duagium castellum" was returned to "Arnoldo" in 941 but that "Arnoldum cum Landrico fratre ipsius" were later expelled from the castle by the king[399]

2.         LANDRY .  Flodoard records that "Rotgarius comes" was expelled by "rege Lodovico" and that "Duagium castellum" was returned to "Arnoldo" in 941 but that "Arnoldum cum Landrico fratre ipsius" were later expelled from the castle by the king[400]

 

 

 

D.      CHÂTELAINS de DOUAI

 

 

The charter dated 1024, quoted below, suggests that the châtelain de Douai was at that time the vassal of the count of Flanders.  However, the town lay within the county of Artois which Philippe Count of Flanders granted to his niece Isabelle de Hainaut as her dowry when she married Philippe II "Auguste" King of France in 1180. 

 

 

HUGUES Châtelain de Douai, son of --- (-before 26 Apr 1051)Châtelain de Douai.  "Heustatii comitis, Roheri comitis, Huberti castellani, Hugonis castellani…" signed the charter dated 1024 which records the dedication of the crypt of Saint-Amé de Douai, in the presence of Baudouin V Count of Flanders[401].  "Major minorque advocatus, castellanus…Hugo" confirmed a donation to Saint-Amé by charter dated to [1035][402].  A charter dated to [1031/51] attests the submission of "…castellanus…Hugo…" to the church of Saint-Amé de Douai[403]

m ADELA, daughter of [GAUTHIER [II] Châtelain de Cambrai & his wife Ermentrude ---] (-before 1046).  Her parentage is deduced from the Chronicon Sancti Andreæ which names "Walterus et pater eius Walterus et nepos eius Hugo"[404], assuming that "nepos" should here be translated as grandson.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage more precisely, and her name, has not yet been identified.  A charter of Gérard Bishop of Cambrai dated 23 May 1081, which reviews the rights and obligations of the church of Saint-Amé de Douai, records donations by "Hugonis castellani et Adeline uxoris eius" and "Gualterus Duacensis castellanus…et Adeline filie eius"[405]

Hugues & his wife had two children: 

1.         GAUTHIER [I] de Douai (-after 28 Jul 1111)Châtelain de Douai.  "…Walteri castellani, Hugonis eius fratris…" signed a charter dated 26 Apr 1051 which records an agreement between the chapter of Saint-Amé and "Robertum…Lothas"[406].  "…Arnulphi de Aldinarda, Walterii de Chimai, Walteri comitis de Hesdin, Balduini comitis de Gisnes, Walteri castellani Duacensis…" signed the charter dated 1065 under Philippe I King of France confirmed the rights of Hasnon abbey[407].  "Walterus castellanus…cum uxore sua…Ermengardi" donated property to Saint-Amé de Douai by charter dated 14 Sep 1076[408].  A charter of Gérard Bishop of Cambrai dated 23 May 1081, which reviews the rights and obligations of the church of Saint-Amé de Douai, records donations by "Hugonis castellani et Adeline uxoris eius" and "Gualterus Duacensis castellanus…et Adeline filie eius"[409].  Domesday Book records “Walter de Douai” holding "Celdewelle" in Wiltshire; numerous holdings in Somerset and in Devonshire; Upminster, Rainham and Holland in Essex[410].  He became a monk at Mont-Saint-Eloy.  Europäische Stammtafeln dates this event to 1096[411].  However, a charter dated 8 Jan 1088, quoted below, names Eudes as Châtelain de Douai.  It would therefore appear that Gauthier [I] lost the châtellenie in [1086/88], although the circumstances in which this occurred are not known.  Two charters show that Gauthier pursued an active career after he retired to the monastery, in each being referred to as "ex-châtelain".  Firstly, "Gautherii, prius castellani Duacensis, modo autem clerici, Hugonis, fratris eiusdem, Cameraco, Rogeri castellani de Insula, Frimoldi de eadem Insula…" signed the charter dated 3 Feb 1097 which records the settlement of a dispute between the count of Flanders and the abbey of Saint-Martin de Tours[412].  Secondly, "…Gualteri quondam castellani…" signed the charter dated 1111 which records an agreement between Saint-Amé de Douai and "Nicolaus Albiniacensis, miles"[413]m ERMENGARDE, daughter of ---.  "Walterus castellanus…cum uxore sua…Ermengardi" donated property to Saint-Amé de Douai by charter dated 14 Sep 1076[414].  Gauthier & his wife had one child: 

a)         ADELINE .  A charter of Gérard Bishop of Cambrai dated 23 May 1081, which reviews the rights and obligations of the church of Saint-Amé de Douai, records donations by "Hugonis castellani et Adeline uxoris eius" and "Gualterus Duacensis castellanus…et Adeline filie eius"[415]

2.         HUGUES [I] de Douai (-1111 or after).  "…Walteri castellani, Hugonis eius fratris…" signed a charter dated 26 Apr 1051 which records an agreement between the chapter of Saint-Amé and "Robertum…Lothas"[416].  The Chronicon Sancti Andreæ names "Walterus et pater eius Walterus et nepos eius Hugo"[417].  The Gesta Pontificum Cameracensium (Gesta Burchardi I) names "Hugo de Osgiacho filius Hugonis castellanus Cameracensis" when recording that he was installed as Châtelain de Cambrai[418].  The text also refers to "comes Robertus", which presumably refers to Robert II Count of Flanders.  As count Robert died in 1111, this passage must refer to Hugues [I].    

-        CHÂTELAINS de CAMBRAI

 

 

1.         EUDES (-after 8 Jan 1088).  The parentage of Eudes is not known, nor whether he was related to the earlier châtelains de Douai.  Châtelain de Douai.  "…Rotgeri Hislensis castellani…Evrardi Tornacensis castellani…Odonis de Duaco castellani…" signed the charter dated 8 Jan 1088 under which Robert II Count of Flanders confirmed a donation by "Anselmus de Monte Ribodonis" to the abbey of Ribemont, for the soul of "patris sui Anselmi"[419].  It is not known how long Eudes retained the châtellenie de Douai as no mention of him has been found in any other document. 

 

 

1.         GAUTHIER [II] (-[1156/60]).  The parentage of Gauthier [II] is not known, nor whether he was related to the earlier châtelains de Douai.  The names Gauthier and Hugues in his family suggest that there may have been a family relationship with the family of Châtelain Gauthier [I] but this cannot be proved.  Châtelain de Douai.  It is unclear whether Gauthier [II] was the successor of Eudes as châtelain or whether an intermediate individual held the post.  Nor is it known when Gauthier was appointed as châtelain.  His date of death suggests that Gauthier [II] would not have been born when his predecessor Eudes was named as châtelain in 1088.  "…Waltero castellano Duacensium…" signed the charter dated 1146 under which Thierry Count of Flanders donated property to the abbey of Hennin-Liétard[420].  "…Henrici de Broburc conestabuli, Rogeri de Wavrin, Rogeri castelli de Curtrai…Gualteri castellani de Duaco" signed the charter dated 1154 under which Thierry Count of Flanders settled the rights and obligations of the prevost of Saint-Amand de Douai[421].  "Rogeri dapiferi et Hellini filii eius, Eustachii camerarii, Arnulfi pincerne, Anselli de Hosden et Roberti filii eius, Hugonis castellani de Bathpalmis, Walteri castellani de Duaco…" signed the charter dated 1156 under which Thierry Count of Flanders forbade the construction of a castle at Courcelles-le-Comte without the agreement of the abbey of Eaucourt[422]m ---.  The name of Gauthier’s wife is not known.  Gauthier [II] & his wife had seven children: 

a)         MICHEL (-28 Mar [1190]).  Châtelain de Douai"…Rogerus frater Michahelis castellani Duacensis…" signed the charter dated to [1160] under which Thierry Count of Flanders granted revenue to the abbey of Anchin[423].  "…Rogeri de Wavrin, Hellini filii ipsius, Michaelis constabularii, Symonis castellani de Oisi, Hugonis castellani de Pulchro Manso, Michaelis castellani de Duaco…Hugonis prepositi Sancti Petri Duacensis…" signed the charter dated 1161 under which Thierry Count of Flanders confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Saint-Aubert at Vitry[424].  "…R. Atrebatensis advocati, J. castellani Insulensis, M. castellani Duacensis, B. castellani Atrebatensis…" signed the charter dated 1187 under which Philippe Count of Flanders recorded an agreement with the bishop of Arras concerning Vitry[425].  The obituary of Saint-Amé de Douai records the death "V Kal Apr" of "Mikael Duacensis castellanus"[426]m ---.  The name of Michel’s wife is not known.  Michel & his wife had two children: 

i)          GAUTHIER [III] (-[21 Feb] [1208])Châtelain de Douai.  "…Walterus castellanus de Duaco…" signed the charter dated 18 Aug 1199 which records the alliance between the king of England and the count of Flanders against the king of France[427].  "Walterus castellanus Duacensis" confirmed the foundation by "Michael castellanus Duacensis, pater meus" in favour of Saint-Amé de Douai by charter dated 1 Oct 1199[428]

-         see below

ii)         BAUDOUIN (-after 1208).  A charter dated 1208 records the confirmation by Raoul Bishop of Arras of the obits established by "Galterus castellanus Duacensis" and "Michael pater suus", witnessed by "Baldeuinus miles de Marketa, patruus ipsius castellani, et castellanus Atrebatensis, frater ipsius"[429].  Châtelain d’Arras. 

b)         ROGER (-after [1160]).  "…Rogerus frater Michahelis castellani Duacensis…" signed the charter dated to [1160] under which Thierry Count of Flanders granted revenue to the abbey of Anchin[430]

c)         HUGUES .  "…Rogeri de Wavrin, Hellini filii ipsius, Michaelis constabularii, Symonis castellani de Oisi, Hugonis castellani de Pulchro Manso, Michaelis castellani de Duaco…Hugonis prepositi Sancti Petri Duacensis…" signed the charter dated 1161 under which Thierry Count of Flanders confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Saint-Aubert at Vitry[431].  Elect of Cambrai. 

d)         BAUDOUIN de Marquette (-after 1208).  A charter dated 1208 records the confirmation by Raoul Bishop of Arras of the obits established by "Galterus castellanus Duacensis" and "Michael pater suus", witnessed by "Baldeuinus miles de Marketa, patruus ipsius castellani, et castellanus Atrebatensis, frater ipsius"[432]m ---.  The name of Baudouin’s wife is not known.  Baudouin & his wife had two children: 

i)          GILES .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1200/09] under which "Pieres de Douay" recorded the dower granted by "Wautiers mes nies castelains de Douay" to "Agnes fille le castelain de Bapaumes", witnessed by "Bauduin de Marquete men frère…et ses ii fius Gillon et Peron…mes neveus Henri de Mausni, Wautier de Aubrechicourt et Jehan men fil…"[433]

ii)         PIERRE .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1200/09] under which "Pieres de Douay" recorded the dower granted by "Wautiers mes nies castelains de Douay" to "Agnes fille le castelain de Bapaumes", witnessed by "Bauduin de Marquete men frère…et ses ii fius Gillon et Peron…mes neveus Henri de Mausni, Wautier de Aubrechicourt et Jehan men fil…"[434]

e)         PIERRE de Douai .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1200/09] under which "Pieres de Douay" recorded the dower granted by "Wautiers mes nies castelains de Douay" to "Agnes fille le castelain de Bapaumes", witnessed by "Bauduin de Marquete men frère…et ses ii fius Gillon et Peron…mes neveus Henri de Mausni, Wautier de Aubrechicourt et Jehan men fil…"[435]m ---.  The name of Pierre’s wife is not known.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

i)          JEAN de Douai .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1200/09] under which "Pieres de Douay" recorded the dower granted by "Wautiers mes nies castelains de Douay" to "Agnes fille le castelain de Bapaumes", witnessed by "Bauduin de Marquete men frère…et ses ii fius Gillon et Peron…mes neveus Henri de Mausni, Wautier de Aubrechicourt et Jehan men fil…"[436]

f)          --- .  The identity of the parents of Henri is not known, but the charter quoted below shows that either his father or mother was brother or sister of Pierre de Douai.  m ---.  One child: 

i)          HENRI de Mausny .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1200/09] under which "Pieres de Douay" recorded the dower granted by "Wautiers mes nies castelains de Douay" to "Agnes fille le castelain de Bapaumes", witnessed by "Bauduin de Marquete men frère…et ses ii fius Gillon et Peron…mes neveus Henri de Mausni, Wautier de Aubrechicourt et Jehan men fil…"[437]

g)         [--- .  The identity of the parents of Gauthier is not known, but the charter quoted below shows that either his father or mother was brother or sister of Pierre de Douai.  It is not known whether Henri de Mausny and Gauthier d’Aubrechicourt were brothers or cousins.]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          GAUTHIER d’Aubrechicourt .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1200/09] under which "Pieres de Douay" recorded the dower granted by "Wautiers mes nies castelains de Douay" to "Agnes fille le castelain de Bapaumes", witnessed by "Bauduin de Marquete men frère…et ses ii fius Gillon et Peron…mes neveus Henri de Mausni, Wautier de Aubrechicourt et Jehan men fil…"[438]

 

 

GAUTHIER [III] de Douai, son of MICHEL Châtelain de Douai & his wife --- (-[21 Feb] [1208])Châtelain de Douai.  "…Walterus castellanus de Duaco…" signed the charter dated 18 Aug 1199 which records the alliance between the king of England and the count of Flanders against the king of France[439].  "Walterus castellanus Duacensis" confirmed the foundation by "Michael castellanus Duacensis, pater meus" in favour of Saint-Amé de Douai by charter dated 1 Oct 1199[440].  A charter dated 1208 records the confirmation by Raoul Bishop of Arras of the obits established by "Galterus castellanus Duacensis" and "Michael pater suus", witnessed by "Baldeuinus miles de Marketa, patruus ipsius castellani, et castellanus Atrebatensis, frater ipsius"[441].  The obituary of Saint-Amé de Douai records the death "IX Kal Mar" of "Walterus Duacensis castellanus"[442]

m AGNES de Beaumetz, daughter of [GILLES [I]] de Beaumetz Châtelain de Bapaume & his wife [Agnes de Coucy] (-after 23 Jun 1225).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated to [1200/09] under which "Pieres de Douay" recorded the dower granted by "Wautiers mes nies castelains de Douay" to "Agnes fille le castelain de Bapaumes", witnessed by "Bauduin de Marquete men frère…et ses ii fius Gillon et Peron…mes neveus Henri de Mausni, Wautier de Aubrechicourt et Jehan men fil…"[443].  Agnes’s father is not named in this document, but from a chronological point of view it is possible that she was the daughter of Gilles [I] de Beaumetz Châtelain de Bapaume.  "Agnes castellana Duacensis" donated property, which had belonged to "bone memorie Hugonis quondam Cameracensis electi" and inherited by "dno Waltero quondam castellano Duacensem marito meo" from "fratribus ipsius electi", to the abbey of Près where "Elysabeth filie mee…abbatissa loci illius", by charter dated 23 Jun 1225[444]

Gauthier [III] & his wife had two children: 

1.         GAUTHIER [IV] (-before Feb 1255).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1221 under which "Walterus castellanus de Duaco et Havidis uxor mea", in the presence of "Agnes castellana mater eius", witnessed by "dns Petrus de Duaco et filius ipsius Petrus clericus et Henricus de Mauni et Waltoldus de Obricourt milites…"[445]Châtelain de Douai.  "Walterus castellanus Duacensis et Walterus filius meus major natu" created the fief of Viel-Châtel d’Hamblaing by charter dated Jun 1238[446]m HAWIDE, daughter of ---.  "Walterus castellanus de Duaco et Havidis uxor mea" sold the right to revenue to the abbey of Près by charter dated 1221, witnessed by "dns Petrus de Duaco et filius ipsius Petrus clericus et Henricus de Mauni et Waltoldus de Obricourt milites…"[447].  "Havydis relicta quondam Walteri castellani de Duaco militis" approved a donation to the abbey of Sin by charter dated Feb 1255[448].  "Havis castelaine de Douai dame de Viteri et de Montegni, mesires Gilles de Brillon chevaliers…" issued a charter dated 20 May 1262 relating to the revenue of the chaplain of Vitry[449].  Gauthier [V] & his wife had three children: 

a)         GAUTHIER [V] (-before 23 May 1286).  "Walterus castellanus Duacensis et Walterus filius meus major natu" created the fief of Viel-Châtel d’Hamblaing by charter dated Jun 1238[450].  "Watiers chevaliers, castelains de Douay" founded an obit at the church of Saint-Amé de Douai for himself and "Jehenain me feme castelaine de Douay" by charter dated Jan 1260[451]m JEANNE de Roisin, daughter of ---.  "Watiers chevaliers, castelains de Douay" founded an obit at the church of Saint-Amé de Douai for himself and "Jehenain me feme castelaine de Douay" by charter dated Jan 1260[452].  "Medame Jehane de Roisin castelaine de Douai" issued instructions to the bishop of Arras concerning the castle of Vitry by charter dated 23 May 1286[453]

-        CHÂTELAINS de DOUAI[454]

b)         HUGUES .  A charter dated Jul 1257 records the arrest of "Hugonem filium…castellane" on the order of the king of France[455]

c)         GILLES de Brillon .  "Havis castelaine de Douai dame de Viteri et de Montegni, mesires Gilles de Brillon chevaliers…" issued a charter dated 20 May 1262 relating to the revenue of the chaplain of Vitry[456]

2.         ISABELLE .  Abbess de Notre Dame des Près-lez-Douai.  "Agnes castellana Duacensis" donated property, which had belonged to "bone memorie Hugonis quondam Cameracensis electi" and inherited by "dno Waltero quondam castellano Duacensem marito meo" from "fratribus ipsius electi", to the abbey of Près where "Elysabeth filie mee…abbatissa loci illius", by charter dated 23 Jun 1225[457]

 

 

 

E.      SEIGNEURS de CARENCY

 

 

ELBERT [I] de Béthune, son of --- (-after [1131]).  "…Elberti de Bethunia…" witnessed the charter dated 1109 under which "Warinus de Dourges" donated "alodium meum de Dourges et de Nigella" to the church of St Eligius near Artois[458].  "…Elberti de Bethunia et Roberti fratris eius" witnessed the charter dated to [1131] under which Thierry Count of Flanders donated the church of Aubigny to the abbey of "Montesancti Eligii" near Artois[459].  An undated charter records the donation of property held from "Elberto de Bethunia milite", and that after the death of Elbert "Sicherus filius eius" wished to annul his father’s actions but was persuaded to confirm them, in the presence of "domino Roberto advocato filioque eius Balduino" (suggesting that this refers to Robert [III]), witnessed by "…Hugo filius Wagonis de Bethunia, Manasses…"[460]

m ---.  The name of Elbert’s wife is not known. 

Elbert [I] & his wife had [eight] children: 

1.         SIGER de Béthune (-19 Feb ----).  An undated charter records that “Robertus dictus Crassus dominus de Arimino ex Hadvide coniuge procreavit Fredescendem, quam duxit Petrus de Suces, et Odam uxorem Ricardi cognomento Brunonis” and that after his death his wife confirmed donations to Mont-Saint-Eloi, witnessed by “Sicherus filius Elberti[461].  An undated charter records the donation of property held from "Elberto de Bethunia milite", and that after the death of Elbert "Sicherus filius eius" wished to annul his father’s actions but was persuaded to confirm them, in the presence of "domino Roberto advocato filioque eius Balduino" (suggesting that this refers to Robert [III]), witnessed by "…Hugo filius Wagonis de Bethunia, Manasses…"[462].  “Sicherus et uxor eius Bertha” donated “de villa...Ablanis...Rouonecourt” to Mont-Saint-Eloi by undated charter, witnessed by “ipsius Sicheri fratribus, Theoderico, Simone; Elberto de Bethunia, Manasse, ac Gerardo filiis eius, Gotselino genero eius, Roberto et Waltero de Carenci[463].  “Sicheri de Bethunia” bequeathed “ecclesiæ sancti Vindiciani apud Bowegnies terram...Gosonis-sartum” to Mont-Saint-Eloi, confirmed after his death by “Hilbertus filius eius”, undated charter witnessed by “...Rogerus de Wavrin...Elbodo de Carenchi, Andreas et Acardus fratres eius...Robertus advocatus Bethuniæ[464].  The necrology of Béthune Saint-Barthélemy records the death “XI Kal Mar” of “Sigeri de Carenci[465]m BERTA, daughter of ---.  “Sicherus et uxor eius Bertha” donated “de villa...Ablanis...Rouonecourt” to Mont-Saint-Eloi by undated charter, witnessed by “ipsius Sicheri fratribus, Theoderico, Simone; Elberto de Bethunia, Manasse, ac Gerardo filiis eius, Gotselino genero eius, Roberto et Waltero de Carenci[466].  Siger & his wife had six children: 

a)         ELBERT [II] (-28 Jun, after 1155).  “Sicherus et uxor eius Bertha” donated “de villa...Ablanis...Rouonecourt” to Mont-Saint-Eloi by undated charter, witnessed by “ipsius Sicheri fratribus, Theoderico, Simone; Elberto de Bethunia, Manasse, ac Gerardo filiis eius, Gotselino genero eius, Roberto et Waltero de Carenci[467].   

-        see below

b)         MANASSES .  “Sicherus et uxor eius Bertha” donated “de villa...Ablanis...Rouonecourt” to Mont-Saint-Eloi by undated charter, witnessed by “ipsius Sicheri fratribus, Theoderico, Simone; Elberto de Bethunia, Manasse, ac Gerardo filiis eius, Gotselino genero eius, Roberto et Waltero de Carenci[468]

c)         GERARD .  “Sicherus et uxor eius Bertha” donated “de villa...Ablanis...Rouonecourt” to Mont-Saint-Eloi by undated charter, witnessed by “ipsius Sicheri fratribus, Theoderico, Simone; Elberto de Bethunia, Manasse, ac Gerardo filiis eius, Gotselino genero eius, Roberto et Waltero de Carenci[469]

d)         daughter .  “Sicherus et uxor eius Bertha” donated “de villa...Ablanis...Rouonecourt” to Mont-Saint-Eloi by undated charter, witnessed by “ipsius Sicheri fratribus, Theoderico, Simone; Elberto de Bethunia, Manasse, ac Gerardo filiis eius, Gotselino genero eius, Roberto et Waltero de Carenci[470]m JOSCELIN, son of ---. 

e)         ROBERT .  “Robertus...Betuniæ advocatus” settled a dispute with Corbie Saint-Pierre, for the souls of “...meæ...et uxoris meæ Adelisæ et filiorum”, by undated charter witnessed by “...De militibus: Ilbertus de Carenci et Robertus frater eius, Ioannes de Beuri, Hugo de Ballolio, Balduinus de Atrebato eiusdem advocati cognatus[471]

f)          [WALO .  “Elbertus dominus de Carenci...cum uxore mea Elisabeth” confirmed property “in villa...Bouuenies” to Saint-Vaast by charter dated 1195 witnessed by “Walo avunculus meus et Syerus filius eius[472].]  m ---.  The name of Walo’s wife is not known.  Walo & his wife had one child: 

i)          SIGER [Sohier] .  “Elbertus dominus de Carenci...cum uxore mea Elisabeth” confirmed property “in villa...Bouuenies” to Saint-Vaast by charter dated 1195 witnessed by “Walo avunculus meus et Syerus filius eius[473]

2.         AMAURY .  “Domnus Elbertus de Bethunia et Amulricus filius eius” donated property “ad Alleu...ad Bouennas...in Camblinio” to Mont-Saint-Eloi by undated charter[474]

3.         MANASSES .  “Robertus Atrebatensis advocatus...ac filius meus Balduinus” donated “terram...Fauerils et Istels cum sylva” to Mont Saint-Eloi by undated charter, dated to [1093/1108], witnessed by “Simone castellano, Manasse filio Elberti, Balduino fratre eius[475]

4.         BAUDOUIN .  “Robertus Atrebatensis advocatus...ac filius meus Balduinus” donated “terram...Fauerils et Istels cum sylva” to Mont Saint-Eloi by undated charter, dated to [1093/1108], witnessed by “Simone castellano, Manasse filio Elberti, Balduino fratre eius[476]same person as...?  BAUDOUIN (-3 Jul ----).  The necrology of Béthune Saint-Barthélemy records the death “V Non Jul” of “Balduinus de Carenci acolytus et canonicus[477]

5.         THIERRY .  “Sicherus et uxor eius Bertha” donated “de villa...Ablanis...Rouonecourt” to Mont-Saint-Eloi by undated charter, witnessed by “ipsius Sicheri fratribus, Theoderico, Simone; Elberto de Bethunia, Manasse, ac Gerardo filiis eius, Gotselino genero eius, Roberto et Waltero de Carenci[478]

6.         SIMON .  “Sicherus et uxor eius Bertha” donated “de villa...Ablanis...Rouonecourt” to Mont-Saint-Eloi by undated charter, witnessed by “ipsius Sicheri fratribus, Theoderico, Simone; Elberto de Bethunia, Manasse, ac Gerardo filiis eius, Gotselino genero eius, Roberto et Waltero de Carenci[479]

7.         [HUGUES .  An undated charter records that “Dominus Robertus Bituniensis et idem advocatus Attrebatensis”, after donating “terræ...Fauerils” to Saint-Eloi, wished to retain part of the land himself, witnessed by “Guillelmus filius ipsius Roberti, Sicherus de Carenci, Hugo de Carenci, Robertus frater eius, Elbodo de Carenci[480].  The document does not state the parentage of the two brothers Hugues and Robert.  The charter can probably be dated to [1115/30] which, if correct, indicates that they could have been two other sons of Elbert [I].] 

8.         [ROBERT .  An undated charter records that “Dominus Robertus Bituniensis et idem advocatus Attrebatensis”, after donating “terræ...Fauerils” to Saint-Eloi, wished to retain part of the land himself, witnessed by “Guillelmus filius ipsius Roberti, Sicherus de Carenci, Hugo de Carenci, Robertus frater eius, Elbodo de Carenci[481].  The document does not state the parentage of the two brothers Hugues and Robert.  The charter can probably be dated to [1115/30] which, if correct, indicates that they could have been two other sons of Elbert [I].] 

 

 

1.         PHILIPPE de Carency (-12 Jun ----).  The necrology of Béthune Saint-Barthélemy records the death “pridie Id Jun” of “Philippus de Carenchi pater Arnulfi canonici[482]m ROSE, daughter of --- (-29 Nov ----).  The necrology of Béthune Saint-Barthélemy records the death “III Kal Dec” of “Roseæ matris Arnulfi de Carenci[483].  Philippe & his wife had one child: 

a)         ARNOUL de Carency (-12 Aug ----).  The necrology of Béthune Saint-Barthélemy records the death “pridie Id Aug” of “Arnulfus de Carenci sacerdos et canonicus[484]

 

 

ELBERT [II] de Carency, son of SIGER Seigneur de Carency & his wife Berta --- (-28 Jun, after 1155).  “Sicherus et uxor eius Bertha” donated “de villa...Ablanis...Rouonecourt” to Mont-Saint-Eloi by undated charter, witnessed by “ipsius Sicheri fratribus, Theoderico, Simone; Elberto de Bethunia, Manasse, ac Gerardo filiis eius, Gotselino genero eius, Roberto et Waltero de Carenci[485].  “...Roberti advocati de Bethunia, Elberti de Carenci” signed the charter dated 1155 under which Thierry Count of Flanders donated property to Saint-Vaast[486].  “Robertus...Betuniæ advocatus” settled a dispute with Corbie Saint-Pierre, for the souls of “...meæ...et uxoris meæ Adelisæ et filiorum”, by undated charter witnessed by “...De militibus: Ilbertus de Carenci et Robertus frater eius, Ioannes de Beuri, Hugo de Ballolio, Balduinus de Atrebato eiusdem advocati cognatus[487].  [“Ingerranus...comes de Sancto Paulo” donated property “de Beueri villa” to Marciennes abbey, with the consent of “fratris mei Anselmi et Anselmi de Hosden sororii mei et sororis mei Agelinæ et filii eius Roberti”, by undated charter witnessed by “...Elberti de Carenci...Anselmi de Pas...[488].]  The necrology of Béthune Saint-Barthélemy records the death “IV Kal Jul” of “Ilberti de Carenchi, qui instauravit unam præbendam[489]

m ---.  The name of Elbert’s wife is not known. 

Elbert [II] & his wife had six children: 

1.         ELBERT [III] de Carency (-13 Mar, 1201 or after).  Seigneur de Carency.  “Hilbertus...dominus de Carenci et Hilbertus iunior filius meus” confirmed that the abbey of Saint-Vaast possessed “villam...Sesunis in Gauheria” by charter dated 1189 witnessed by “...Philippi de Carenci et Amolrici fratris eius[490].  “Robertus Bituniensis castro dominus et Attrebatensis advocatus” confirmed donations made to Mont Saint-Eloy by “Ilbertum de Carenci et filium eius Ilbertum”, with the consent of “filiabus suis Elizabeth et Maria nec non et fratribus Balduino et Guillelmo clericis, Gualone, Amulrico, Hugone militibus”, by charter dated 1190[491].  “Ibertus de Carenciaco” agreed contributions from “nemoribus de Carenci”, named “Willelmus advocatus Bethuniensis dominus meus...” among the fiduciaries, by charter dated Mar 1195[492].  “Elbertus dominus de Carenci...cum uxore mea Elisabeth” confirmed property “in villa...Bouuenies” to Saint-Vaast by charter dated 1195 witnessed by “Walo avunculus meus et Syerus filius eius[493].  “Elbertus dominus de Carenchi” confirmed the donation of “tertiam partem decimæ de Ableng” to Arras cathedral by charter dated Dec 1200 witnessed by “...Balduinus de Carenci...[494].  The necrology of Béthune Saint-Barthélemy records the death “III Id Mar” of “Ilbertus de Carenchi de quo habemus dimidium modium frumenti et Elizabeth uxor eius[495]m ELISABETH, daughter of --- (-after 1195).  “Elbertus dominus de Carenci...cum uxore mea Elisabeth” confirmed property “in villa...Bouuenies” to Saint-Vaast by charter dated 1195 witnessed by “Walo avunculus meus et Syerus filius eius[496].  Elbert [III] & his wife had three children: 

a)         ELBERT [IV] de Carency (-after 1190).  “Hilbertus...dominus de Carenci et Hilbertus iunior filius meus” confirmed that the abbey of Saint-Vaast possessed “villam...Sesunis in Gauheria” by charter dated 1189 witnessed by “...Philippi de Carenci et Amolrici fratris eius[497].  “Robertus Bituniensis castro dominus et Attrebatensis advocatus” confirmed donations made to Mont Saint-Eloy by “Ilbertum de Carenci et filium eius Ilbertum”, with the consent of “filiabus suis Elizabeth et Maria nec non et fratribus Balduino et Guillelmo clericis, Gualone, Amulrico, Hugone militibus”, by charter dated 1190[498]

b)         ELISABETH [Isabelle] de Carency (-1225, bur Séry).  “Robertus Bituniensis castro dominus et Attrebatensis advocatus” confirmed donations made to Mont Saint-Eloy by “Ilbertum de Carenci et filium eius Ilbertum”, with the consent of “filiabus suis Elizabeth et Maria nec non et fratribus Balduino et Guillelmo clericis, Gualone, Amulrico, Hugone militibus”, by charter dated 1190[499].  La Gorgue-Rosny states that "Guillaume sire de Cayeux, Bouillencourt, Sénarpont…" married "Elisabeth de Béthune dame de Carency" but does not cite the corresponding primary source[500].  Champagne says that the wife of Guillaume [II] was the daughter of Elbert [III] Seigneur de Carency[501].  He cites letters dated Nov 1210 which name "Willermo de Keu domino de Carency", adding that the name of Guillaume [II]’s son "Wibert" is also indicative as it resembles the name "Elbert"[502].  "Willelmus de Cayaco filius alterius Willelmi" confirmed rights of the abbey of Séry granted by his father and grandfather, with the consent of "Isabelle sa femme", by charter dated 1185[503].  "Willaume de Cayeu" donated property, which he had previously sold to the abbey "à l’occasion du mariage de son fils Eustache", to Séry, with the consent of "son épouse Elisabeth et de Willaume son fils aîné", by charter dated 1220[504]m (before 1185) GUILLAUME [II] Seigneur de Cayeux, son of GUILLAUME [I] Seigneur de Cayeux, de Bouillancourt & his wife --- (-1223, bur Séry). 

c)         MARIE de Carency (-after 1190).  “Robertus Bituniensis castro dominus et Attrebatensis advocatus” confirmed donations made to Mont Saint-Eloy by “Ilbertum de Carenci et filium eius Ilbertum”, with the consent of “filiabus suis Elizabeth et Maria nec non et fratribus Balduino et Guillelmo clericis, Gualone, Amulrico, Hugone militibus”, by charter dated 1190[505]

2.         BAUDOUIN .  “Robertus Bituniensis castro dominus et Attrebatensis advocatus” confirmed donations made to Mont Saint-Eloy by “Ilbertum de Carenci et filium eius Ilbertum”, with the consent of “filiabus suis Elizabeth et Maria nec non et fratribus Balduino et Guillelmo clericis, Gualone, Amulrico, Hugone militibus”, by charter dated 1190[506]

3.         GUILLAUME .  “Robertus Bituniensis castro dominus et Attrebatensis advocatus” confirmed donations made to Mont Saint-Eloy by “Ilbertum de Carenci et filium eius Ilbertum”, with the consent of “filiabus suis Elizabeth et Maria nec non et fratribus Balduino et Guillelmo clericis, Gualone, Amulrico, Hugone militibus”, by charter dated 1190[507]

4.         WALO .  “Robertus Bituniensis castro dominus et Attrebatensis advocatus” confirmed donations made to Mont Saint-Eloy by “Ilbertum de Carenci et filium eius Ilbertum”, with the consent of “filiabus suis Elizabeth et Maria nec non et fratribus Balduino et Guillelmo clericis, Gualone, Amulrico, Hugone militibus”, by charter dated 1190[508]

5.         AMAURY .  “Robertus Bituniensis castro dominus et Attrebatensis advocatus” confirmed donations made to Mont Saint-Eloy by “Ilbertum de Carenci et filium eius Ilbertum”, with the consent of “filiabus suis Elizabeth et Maria nec non et fratribus Balduino et Guillelmo clericis, Gualone, Amulrico, Hugone militibus”, by charter dated 1190[509]

6.         HUGUES .  “Robertus Bituniensis castro dominus et Attrebatensis advocatus” confirmed donations made to Mont Saint-Eloy by “Ilbertum de Carenci et filium eius Ilbertum”, with the consent of “filiabus suis Elizabeth et Maria nec non et fratribus Balduino et Guillelmo clericis, Gualone, Amulrico, Hugone militibus”, by charter dated 1190[510]

 

 

 

F.      SEIGNEURS de LILLERS

 

 

1.         --- (-before 1043).  m RANSUIDE, daughter of --- (-after 1043).  "Wenemarus dominus de Lileriis cum fratre meo Ingelramno et matre mea Ransuide" founded "ecclesiam…apud castrum de Lileriis", with the consent of "Balduini Flandriæ comitis…Henrico rege Francorum…", by charter dated 1043[511].  Two children: 

a)         WENEMAR (-after 1043).  Seigneur de Lillers.  "Wenemarus dominus de Lileriis cum fratre meo Ingelramno et matre mea Ransuide" founded "ecclesiam…apud castrum de Lileriis", with the consent of "Balduini Flandriæ comitis…Henrico rege Francorum…", by charter dated 1043[512]

b)         ENGUERRAND (-after 1093).  "Wenemarus dominus de Lileriis cum fratre meo Ingelramno et matre mea Ransuide" founded "ecclesiam…apud castrum de Lileriis", with the consent of "Balduini Flandriæ comitis…Henrico rege Francorum…", by charter dated 1043[513]Seigneur de Lillers.  "Ingelranus…castri Lilleriensis dominus et nobilis uxor eius Emma" founded Ham abbey by charter dated 1093, witnessed by "Manasses comes Gisnensis, Robertus advocatus Bethuniæ, Bernardus de Ballol, Hugo Albiniensis…"[514]m EMMA, daughter of --- (-after 1093).  "Ingelranus…castri Lilleriensis dominus et nobilis uxor eius Emma" founded Ham abbey by charter dated 1093[515]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    COMTES de BOULOGNE

 

 

A.      COMTES de BOULOGNE

 

 

The county of Boulogne on the North Sea coast developed under the control of the counts of Flanders.  The history of the county before its capture by Flanders has not been traced.  The first Flemish count of Boulogne was Adalolf, who succeeded his father Baudouin II Count of Flanders in Boulogne in 918 (see Part A below).  After Adalolf died in 933, his brother Arnoul I Count of Flanders seized Boulogne and disinherited his nephews[516].  Adalolf and his immediate successors acquired control over Thérouanne, Fauquemberghes and Saint-Omer in the northern part of Ternois, but these territories were seized by Baudouin IV Count of Flanders in the early 1000s.   Isolated references have been found to counts of Boulogne in the late 10th and early 11th centuries but these inidividuals have not been connected to the family of Adalolf, as shown below.  Eustache [I] emerged as comte de Boulogne in the 1040s, and Boulogne continued to be held by his family until the 1120s, when it passed by marriage to a branch of the counts of Blois (see Part B below).  A younger brother of Eustache [II] Comte de Boulogne briefly held the county of Lens in the mid-11th century, before it was incorporated into Flanders. 

 

The so-called Genealogica comitum Buloniensium[517], the earliest versions of which were composed towards the end of the 11th century, is useful in outlining the Carolingian ancestry of Mathilde de Louvain, wife of Eustache I Comte de Boulogne, but ignores the earlier history of the Comtes de Boulogne. 

 

The counts of Boulogne were lords of the following territories:

·         the county of Boulogne itself, which was held from the king of France.  Vanderkindere describes the approximate boundaries of the pagus Bononiensis: north of the river Canche, south-west of the county of Guines and the seigneurie of Ardres, and west of the pagus Teruanensis[518]

·         the county of Lens (from the early 10th century until Baudouin V Count of Flanders acquired overlordship for Flanders [after 1056]).

·         the territorium Mercatii (the settlements of Marck, Calais and their hinterland) to the north, separated from the county of Boulogne by the county of Guines. 

·         the Ternois to the south.  Vanderkindere describes the approximate boundaries of the pagus Teruanensis: west of the Mempisque in the county of Flanders and the pagus Atrebatensis, north of the county of Ponthieu, and west of the pagus Bononiensis[519].  In the southern part, the county of Saint-Pol was formed as a fiefdom of the county of Boulogne.  In the northern part, including Thérouanne, Fauquembergues and Saint-Omer, Baudouin IV Count of Flanders established control. 

 

 

1.         ERCHANGER (-after 7 Nov 921).  The Annales Vedastini record that "Herkengero comite" sent letters to Germany requesting help when the Vikings attacked Paris in 886[520].  The Annales Vedastini record that "Rodulfus comes" took the property of "Heribertus et Erkingerus" in 896, the editor of the compilation suggesting that the latter was Comte de Melun[521].  The Sermone de Adventu SS Wandregisili, Ansberti et Vulfranni recalls that "Erkengerus comes et Arnoldus" brought back part of the hand of "sancti enim Chiliani" from "Germania" to "Bononiensem civitatem", probably dated to the late 9th or early 10th century[522].  The Vita Bertulfi Renticensis records that "Bononiensium comes fuit Erkengarius", during the reign of "Carolus rex" which must refer to Charles III "le Simple" King of France as the preceding sentence refers to the king's capture by "Heribertus comes Viromanduorum" which is dated to 922[523].  It therefore appears that Erchanger was Comte de Boulogne.  A document dated 7 Nov 921 recording a meeting between Charles III "le Simple" King of France and Heinrich I King of Germany names "Matfredus, Erkengerus, Hagano, Boso, Waltherus, Isaac, Ragenberus, Theodricus, Adalardus, Adelelmus" as representatives of the former[524]

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de BOULOGNE (FLANDERS)

 

 

ADALOLF [Æthelwulf] of Flanders, son of BAUDOUIN II Count of Flanders & his wife Ælfthryth of Wessex (after [893/99]-13 Nov 933, bur Monastery of St Pierre).  The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Arnulfum, fratrem eius Adelulfum" as the two sons of "Balduinus"[525].  "Adalolphus" is named as son of Count Baudouin II in the Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin, which specifies that he succeeded his father in 918 as Comte de Boulogne et de Thérouanne, lay-Abbot of St Bertin[526].  "Elstrudis comitissa…cum filiis suis Arnulfo et Adelolfo" donated "hereditatem suam Liefsham…in terra Anglorum in Cantia" to Saint-Pierre de Gand, for the soul of "senioris sui Baldwini", by charter dated 11 Sep 918[527].  The Annales Blandinienses record the death in 933 of "Adalulfus comes", specifying that he was buried "in monasterio sancti Petri"[528].  The De Arnulfo Comite records that "Adalulfi…uterinus frater Arnulfi magni" was killed by his own swineherd in a wood[529].  After his death in 933, his brother Arnoul I Count of Flanders seized the Boulonnais and Ternois, disinheriting his nephews[530]

m ---.  The name of Adalolf's wife is not known. 

Comte Adalolf & his wife had [two] children:

1.         [son (-962 before Sep).  Europäische Stammtafeln shows an unnamed son “died 962, before Sep”[531].  The primary source which confirms this information has not yet been identified.] 

2.         ARNOUL [I] de Boulogne ([920/25]-after 31 Jan 972).  "Arnulfus nepos ipsius comitis [Arnulfi]" is named in the Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin[532].  It is unlikely that he was born much before [920/25] considering the estimated birth date of his father.  Lothaire IV King of the West Franks installed him as Comte de Boulogne et du Ternois[533].  "…Arnulfi Bononiensis comitis, Engelberti advocati…" signed the charter dated 31 Jan 972 under which "Arnulfus…marchysus" confirmed the possession of "Harnas…in pago Seirbiu" to Saint-Pierre de Gand[534]

Comte Adalolf had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress:

3.          BAUDOUIN [Baldzo] (-[28 Mar/29 Oct] 965 or 973).  The De Arnulfo Comite names "Balduino cognamento Baldzoni…filius Adalulfi…ex concubina", specifying that he was guardian of the infant Arnoul II Count of Flanders, having previously been adopted by Count Arnoul I after his father was killed[535].  He was appointed regent of Flanders in 964 on the accession of Arnoul II Count of Flanders.  "Theodericus comes et Baldwinus cognomento Baldzo et Ericus et Everwinus" donated property to Saint-Pierre de Gand, for the soul of "senioris sui Arnulfi defuncti", by charter dated 28 Mar 965[536].  Taking advantage of the weakness of the county during the minority of the new count, he made himself Comte de Courtrai[537].   He donated "villam Traslingehem" to the abbey of St Pieter[538].  A charter dated 29 Oct 965 records that "Baldwinus bone memorie cognomento Baldzo" donated property to Saint-Pierre de Gand, for the soul of "senioris Arnulfi", signed by "Odgaudo advocato…"[539].  [The Annales Blandinienses record the death in 973 of "Balzo filius Rodulfi comitis"[540], presumably an error for "Adalolfi" as it is unclear to whom "Rodulfi comes" refers.  The Annales Formoselenses also record the death in 973 of "Balzo, filius Rodulfi comitis"[541].] 

 

 

The relationships, if any, between the following three family groups and Count Adalolf is not known, although the continuity of the names Arnoul and Baudouin suggests that a close family connection is likely.  If they are related, chronology suggests that there were two generations between Count Arnoul [I] and Count Eustache [I].  As far as the first group is concerned, the unreliability of parts of the Historia Comitum Ghisnensium should not be ignored. 

 

1.         ERNICULE de Boulogne m ---.  The name of Ernicule's wife is not known.  Comte Ernicule & his wife had three children:

a)         ARNOUL de Boulogne .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Ernulpho…et Eustacio" as the two sons of "Bolonie comitem…Erniculum"[542]

b)         EUSTACHE de Boulogne .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Ernulpho…et Eustacio" as the two sons of "Bolonie comitem…Erniculum"[543]

c)         MATHILDE de Boulogne .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Bolonie comitis Erniculi filiam Mathildem" as wife of "Ardolphus"[544]m ARDOLF Comte de Guines, son of SIEGFRIED Comte de Guines & his wife Elstrude de Flandre (966-).

 

 

1.         BAUDOUIN (-after 1 Apr 988).  "…Theoderico comite, Arnulfo comite, Artoldo comite, Baldwino comite, item Arnulfo comite…" signed the charter dated 1 Apr 988 under which "Baldwinus marchysus cum matre sua Susanna" donated "villam Aflingehem…jacentem in pago Tornacinse" to Saint-Pierre de Gand, after the death of "Arnulfi marchysi"[545]same person as…?  --- de Boulogne (-killed in battle [1033])Comte de Boulogne.  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Angelran" killed "le comte de Boulogne" in battle and married his widow "Adelvie…qui était de l'origine la plus illustre", after which he adopted the title comte[546]m as her first husband, ALEIDA, daughter of [ARNULF Count of Holland & his wife Liutgard de Luxembourg].  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Angelran" killed "le comte de Boulogne" in battle and married his widow "Adelvie…qui était de l'origine la plus illustre", after which he adopted the title comte[547].  She is named as the possible daughter of Arnulf, and her two marriages are shown, in Europäische Stammtafeln[548] but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  She married secondly [as his second wife,] Enguerrand Avoué de Saint-Riquier. 

 

 

1.         EUSTACHE [I] de Boulogne (-[1049])Comte de BoulogneMalbodus, abbatus" records donations to the abbey of Saint-Amand by charter dated to [1061] including "villam…Lurcium" held "ex comite Balduino" by "Eustachius comes et quidam miles Rainerus"[549].  It is possible, but not certain, that this charter refers to Eustache [I].  "Karolus…comes Flandrie" confirmed property of the abbey of Marchiennes at Lille by charter dated 1125 which names "comes Balduinus proavus meus…coniuge sua comitissa Adela, et…baronibus suis Eustachio…comite Bolonie, Rogero comite de Sancto Paulo"[550], presumably referring to Baudouin V Count of Flanders and so dated to between 1035 and 1067, in which case the document could refer either to Eustache [I] or Eustache [II].  m MATHILDE de Louvain, daughter of LAMBERT I "le Barbu" Comte de Louvain & his wife Gerberge de Lorraine [Carolingian] ([990/1000]-).  The Genealogica comitum Buloniensium records that "Henricum seniorem de Bursella [=filius Ermengardis]" was father of "Lambertum comitem et Henricum fratrem eius et Mathildem sororem eorum", specifying that Mathilde married "comes Eustachius de Bolonia"[551], but this appears to be a confused representation of the situation.  The primary source which confirms that Mathilde was the daughter of Comte Lambert [I] has not yet been identified but this is compatible with the chronology.  Her birth date range is estimated from the estimated date of her parents' marriage and the likely birth date of her eldest son in [1015/20].  This shows that it is chronologically impossible for Mathilde's father to have been the son of Ermengardis of Lower Lotharingia.  Comte Eustache [I] & his wife had five children:

a)         EUSTACHE [II] "Gernobadatus" de Boulogne ([1015/20]-[soon after 1070/1087]).  The Genealogica comitum Buloniensium records that "Eustachium et Lantbertum" were sons of "comes Eustachius de Bolonia" and his wife Mathilde[552].  He succeeded his father in [1049] as Comte de Boulogne

-        see below

b)         GEOFFROY de Boulogne (-[30 Apr/1 May] 1095).  The Flandria Generosa names "Gosfridus episcopus Parisiacensis, frater Eustachii comitis Boloniensis"[553]Bishop of Paris 1061.  Chancellor of France 1075-1077, and 1081-1085.  Arch-Chancellor of France 1085-1092. 

c)         LAMBERT de Boulogne (-killed in battle Phalampin 1054).  The Genealogica comitum Buloniensium records that "Eustachium et Lantbertum" were sons of "comes Eustachius de Bolonia" and his wife Mathilde[554]Comte de Lens 1047.  After his death, the county of Lens reverted to his older brother Eustache [II][555]

-        COMTES de LENS

d)         [IDA Receuil des historiens des croisades[556], Runciman[557] and Riley-Smith[558] all say that the paternal grandmother of Baudouin II King of Jerusalem was the daughter of Eustache [I] Comte de Boulogne but the primary source on which this suggestion is based has not been identified.  There is no mention of such a daughter in the Genealogica comitum Boloniensium.  The wife of Comte Manassès is named Judith in a document of 1081 for the church of Breaux in which the couple appears together with their son Hugues[559].  Runciman361 and Riley-Smith362 both name her "Ida", the former naming her husband "Baldwin of Le Bourg Count of Rethel" which is doubly inconsistent with the charter evidence just cited.  m MANASSES [III] Comte de Rethel, son of --- (-1081 or after).]

e)         GERBERGE de Boulogne (-before 1059, bur Abbey of Stablo).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Gerbergam, Friderici ducis uxorem" as daughter of "Mathildis filia Gerberge"[560] but does not state the name of her father.  m as his first wife, FREDERIC Duke of Lower Lotharingia Vogt de Stablo-Malmédy, son of FRIEDRICH Graf im Moselgau, Vogt of Stablo and Malmédy [Luxembourg] & his wife [--- von Hammerstein] [Konradiner] (-28 Aug 1065, bur Stablo). 

 

 

EUSTACHE [II] "Gernobadatus" de Boulogne, son of EUSTACHE [I] Comte de Boulogne & his wife Mathilde de Louvain ([1015/20]-[soon after 1070/1087]).  The Genealogica comitum Buloniensium records that "Eustachium et Lantbertum" were sons of "comes Eustachius de Bolonia" and his wife Mathilde[561].  His birth date range is estimated from the date of his first marriage, and bearing in mind the estimated birth date range of his mother.  He succeeded his father in [1049] as Comte de Boulogne.  Simeon of Durham records that "Eustace the elder earl of Boulogne who had married king Eadward's sister Goda" landed at Dover in Sep 1051[562].  When returning from visiting Edward "the Confessor" King of England in 1051, he was involved in an affray at Canterbury during which one of his men was killed.  The refusal of Godwin Earl of Wessex to punish the offenders led to the Earl's temporary banishment from England[563]Comte de Lens 1054.  "Eustatii comitis" witnessed a charter of "Balduinus Flandrensium comes" dated 6 Jan 1056[564].  Orderic Vitalis records that “Eustachium comitem” was seriously wounded during the battle of Hastings but escaped “quasi moribundus[565].  He was awarded a large fief "the honour of Boulogne"[566], but soon quarrelled with William I King of England.  He launched an attack on England in 1067, but withdrew after landing.  His English lands were confiscated, but later restored.  Boulogne's strategic importance grew as it became the main port for importing English wool for the Flemish cloth trade. 

m firstly ([1036]) as her second husband, GODGIFU [Goda] of England, widow of DREUX [Drogo] Comte de Mantes et du Vexin, daughter of ÆTHELRED II King of England & his second wife Emma de Normandie (-before 1049).  Her parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis, who says that she went into exile in Normandy with her brother[567], which can be dated from other sources to 1013.  Her first marriage was arranged by Robert II Duke of Normandy[568], indicating that she probably did not return to England.  Her second marriage is referred to by Florence of Worcester[569].  Simeon of Durham records that "Eustace the elder earl of Boulogne who had married king Eadward's sister Goda" landed at Dover in Sep 1051[570]

m secondly IDA of Lotharingia, daughter of GODEFROI Duke of Upper Lorraine Comte de Verdun & his first wife Doda [de Rethel] ([1038/43][571]-13 Aug 1113).  Her marriage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis, who specifies that she was the sister of "Godfrey Duke of Lotharingia" and names her three sons[572].  The Vita B. Idæ Boloniensis Comitissæ records that she was the daughter of "pater…Godefridus, mater…Doda"[573].  She made a donation to Saint-Bertin for the soul of "Eustachii domini mei comitis" with her sons "Godefridi et Balduini"[574].  The Lamberti Audomariensis Chronica records the death "Id Apr 1113" of "Ida comitissa Boloniæ"[575]

Come Eustache [II] & his second wife had three children: 

1.         EUSTACHE [III] de Boulogne (-1125 or after).  His parentage is specified in his donation to Saint-Bertin dated 1122, for the souls of "Eustacii comitis patris mei et Yde matris mee comitisse"[576].  He is not named as one of her sons by "Ida comitisse Boloniensis" in the latter's charter for the soul of her husband[577].  William of Tyre records him as brother of Godefroi and Baudouin, naming him last of the three[578].  It is not known whether this indicates that he was the youngest of the three brothers, or was simply a reflection of his less significant role in affairs in Palestine.  His inheritance of the paternal possessions and titles suggests that he was the oldest brother, at any rate older than his brother Baudouin.  He succeeded as Comte de Boulogne, Comte de Lens.  This would normally be an indication of his seniority in the family.  However, given the superior position of his brother Godefroi as Duke of Lower Lotharingia, it may have been decided that the less important paternal inheritance would pass to a younger son.  He was a member of the company of Robert II Count of Flanders on the First Crusade, joining his brothers after arriving in Constantinople in 1097[579].  Albert of Aix records the arrival in Constantinople of "Robertus Normannorum comes, Stephanus Blesensis, Eustachius frater prædicti Ducis", dated to early 1097 from the context[580].  In Palestine in 1099, he returned to Boulogne soon after.  "Eustacius Bolonie comes" confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Samer by charter dated Jul 1112, subscribed by "Cononis de Fieules, Eustacii et Rogerii filiorum eius…"[581].  Albert of Aix records that Baudouin appointed "fratri Eustachio" as his successor on his deathbed if he would come to Jerusalem, or if he failed to come "Baldewinus de Burg"[582].  A legation left Jerusalem for Boulogne in Apr 1118 to invite him to succeed.  Eustache left Boulogne for Jerusalem, but when he reached Apulia he received news that Baudouin du Bourg had been chosen as king.  He refused to press his claim further, and retired to the Cluniac monastery at Rumilly in [1125].  "Eustachius olim comes Boloniensis nunc autem…monachus Cluniacensis" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 1125 which names "Maria uxore mea…[et] Mathildi filia mea", and is subscribed by "Stephani comitis Bolonie, Matildis comitisse"[583]m (1102) MARY of Scotland, daughter of MALCOLM III "Caennmor/Bighead" King of Scotland & his second wife [St] Margaret of England (-31 May 1116 or 18 Apr 1118, bur Bermondsey Priory).  Orderic Vitalis records that their mother sent Mary and her sister Eadgyth to be brought up by her sister Christina, nun at Romsey Abbey[584].  Florence of Worcester records that Henry I King of England arranged the marriage of "Mariam reginæ sororem" and "Eustatio Bononensium comiti" in [1102][585].  Her marriage is also recorded by Orderic Vitalis, who also names her daughter[586].  The Genealogica comitum Buloniensium records that "Eustachius, frater Balduini regis Iheruslame" married "Mariam filiam regis Scotiæ"[587].  The 12th century Cronica Regum Scottorum records the death "II Kal Jun" in 1116 of "Maria…comitissa" and her burial "apud Bermundseiam"[588].  The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that "Mary countess of Bouillon" died in "the third year before her sister’s death"[589].  Comte Eustache [III] & his wife had one child:

a)         MATHILDE de Boulogne ([1103/05]-Hedingham Castle, Essex 2/3 or 30 May or 3 Jul 1151, bur Faversham Abbey, Kent).  Her parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[590].  The Genealogica comitum Buloniensium names Mathilde daughter of "Eustachius, frater Balduini regis Iheruslame" and his wife "Mariam filiam regis Scotiæ", also recording her marriage with "Stephano, filio Stephani Blesensis comitis"[591].  She succeeded her father as Ctss de Boulogne.  "Stephanus comes Bolonie et Morethonii et Mathildis comitissa" confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Samer by charter dated 1141 (presumably misdated because of the donors’ titles), subscribed by "…Eustachius de Fielnes, Willelmus et Rogerus fratres sui…"[592].  She was crowned Queen Consort of England at Westminster Abbey 22 Mar 1136.  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1152 of "Matildis uxor Stephani regis Anglorum" and in a later passage her burial "in monasterio Fasseham", recording that she had founded the abbey[593]m ([1124/25]) ETIENNE de Blois Comte de Mortain, son of ETIENNE Comte de Blois & his wife Adela of England (Blois [1096/97]-Dover 25 Oct 1154, bur Faversham Abbey, Kent).  Comte de Boulogne, in right of his wife, before 1125.  He succeeded 22 Dec 1135 as STEPHEN King of England, crowned at Westminster Abbey 26 Dec 1135.  His first cousin Matilda Lady of the English, daughter of Henry I King of England, disputed Stephen’s accession.  During the ensuing civil war in England, Stephen was deposed and imprisoned by Matilda 7-10 April 1141, but restored to the throne 1 Nov 1141.  He was crowned a second time at Canterbury Cathedral 1141, and a third time at Lincoln Cathedral 1146. 

-        see below, Part B.

Comte Eustache [III] had [three] illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:

b)         RAOUL de Boulogne (-after [1122/25]).  Witness, with his brother Eustache, of their father's charters in 1106 (in favour of St Paul's London) and in [1120/25] (in favour of Roger de Sumerio)[594].  "Rodulfi filii comitis Eustacii" witnessed his father's donation to Saint-Bertin dated 1122[595]

c)          EUSTACHE de Boulogne.  Witness, with his brother Raoul, of their father's charters in 1106 (in favour of St Paul's London) and in [1120/25] (in favour of Roger de Sumerio)398m ---.  The name of Eustache's wife is not known.  Eustache & his wife had one child: 

i)          EUSTACHE (-after [1176/77]).  The 1164/65 Pipe Roll names "Eustachius fil Eust fil Com" accounting for relief of his land in Essex/Hertfordshire[596].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Eustacius filius Eustacii filii Comitis" in Essex and Hertfordshire[597]. 

d)         [GODEFROI (-killed in battle al-Sinnabrah 28 Jun 1113).  William of Malmesbury names him "bastard great-nephew [abnepos eius nothus]" of Baudouin I King of Jerusalem[598]"…Gotafredus nepos regis…" subscribed the charter dated 20 Jun 1112 under which Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed the possessions of the Knights Hospitallers[599].  Murray points out that his being the illegitimate son of Eustache [III] Comte de Boulogne is only one of the various possibilities[600].  He was killed fighting Tughtikin atabeg of Damascus and Mawdud of Mosul. 

2.         GODEFROI de Boulogne ([1060]-in Palestine 18 Jul 1100, bur Jerusalem, Church of the Holy Sepulchre).  "Godefridi et Balduini" are named sons of "Ida comitisse Boloniensis" in the latter's charter for the soul of her husband[601].  His birth date is estimated on the basis of his being an adolescent when designated heir by his maternal uncle, and from the estimated birth date range of his mother.  William of Tyre records "Godefridus Lotharingiæ dux" as brother of Baudouin and Eustache, and son of Comte Eustache and of Ida sister of Godefroi "Struma" Duke of Lotharingia[602].  He was designated heir by his maternal uncle, on whose death in 1076 he inherited the county of Verdun, the allods of Stenay and Mouzay, and the castle of Bouillon with its dependencies.  He was most often known as "GODEFROI de Bouillon", after this inherited castle.  The inheritance was disputed by many parties.  Theoderic Bishop of Verdun seized the opportunity to end the hereditary succession in the county of Verdun by bestowing it on Matilda Ctss of Tuscany, who granted it to Albert III Comte de Namur as guardian of her interests in Lotharingia.  The emperor conferred the duchy of Lotharingia on his infant son Konrad, with Albert III Comte de Namur as vice-duke, although the Annalista Saxo records that he created Godefroi as Markgraf van Antwerpen in "Traiecti" at Easter 1076[603].  When Konrad was crowned King of Germany in 1087, Godefroi de Boulogne was installed as GODEFROI IV Duke of Lower Lotharingia[604].  Some time following Pope Urban II's call to liberate Jerusalem at the Council of Clermont in Auvergne 27 Nov 1095, Godefroi resolved to join the crusade.  Leader of the Lotharingian contingent in the First Crusade in 1096, he sold his estates of Rosay and Stenay on the River Meuse and pledged the castle of Bouillon to the Bishop of Liège to fund the expedition[605], although he retained the title Duke of Lower Lotharingia.  Albert of Aix records that "Godefridus dux regni Lotharingiæ…fraterque eius uterinus Baldewinus, Warnerus de Greis cognatus ipsius Ducis, Baldewinus pariter de Burch, Reinhardus comes de Tul, Petrus…frater ipsius, Dodo de Cons, Henricus de Ascha ac frater illius Godefridus" left for Jerusalem in Aug 1096[606].  After arriving outside Constantinople at Selymbria in Dec 1096, his army ravaged the countryside.  Relations with Emperor Alexios I were tense, and Godefroi attacked Constantinople in Apr 1097.  His troops were defeated by an imperial force, and he accepted to swear allegiance to the emperor on Easter Sunday, agreeing that the emperor should become overlord of any new principalities founded by the crusaders and that any land captured which had previously belonged to the empire should be handed back to Byzantium[607].  The crusading army reached Jerusalem 7 Jun 1099 and captured the city 15 Jul 1099.  The electoral council chose him as ruler of Jerusalem 22 Jul 1099, and after considerable debate about the correct title to adopt, he became GODEFROI princeps of Jerusalem.  Murray highlights that the evidence concerning the alleged title "advocatus Sancti Sepulcri" is based on a single letter written in Laodicea in [Sep/Oct] 1099 to Daibert Archbishop of Pisa[608].  The whole issue of Godefroi's title is discussed at length by Riley-Smith and Murray[609].  Whatever the interest of this debate, its practical importance was swept aside when Godefroi's brother was crowned "King of Jerusalem" within a year.  The crusaders' control over Jerusalem was strengthened by their defeat of the Fatimid army from Egypt in the plain of al-Majdal 11 Aug 1099[610].  Arnoul de Choques was elected Patriarch of Jerusalem 1 Aug 1099, but was deposed in Dec 1099 and compensated with the position of Archdeacon of Jerusalem.  He was replaced by Daibert Archbishop of Pisa, who had recently arrived in Jerusalem accompanied by Bohémond Prince of Antioch and Baudouin Count of Edessa.  Godefroi was confirmed as ruler in Jerusalem at Christmas 1099 by Patriarch Daibert[611].  At that time, the territory of the kingdom was limited to two separated areas, Judea (with Jerusalem itself, Bethlehem, Jericho and Hebron) and a small coastal strip around Jaffa, Lydda and Ramla.  Despite Godefroi's depleted military resources following the departure of most of the surviving crusaders, plans to expand his territory were in full swing with the siege of Acre when Godefroi died.  In defiance of Patriarch Daibert, Godefroi's household, under the leadership of his kinsman Warner de Grez [Gray], assured the succession of his brother Baudouin by seizing the citadel of Jerusalem.  Despite Warner's death 22 Jul 1100, this show of defiance continued into the Autumn when Robert Bishop of Lydda retrieved Baudouin from Edessa to secure his succession.  According to Matthew of Edessa, Godefroi was poisoned[612]

3.         BAUDOUIN de Boulogne ([1063/68]-Al-Arish 2 Apr 1118, bur Jerusalem, Church of the Holy Sepulchre).  "Godefridi et Balduini" are named as sons of "Ida comitisse Boloniensis" in the latter's charter for the soul of her husband[613].  His birth date range is estimated on the basis of his being knighted [before 1086].  William of Tyre and the Chronicle of Baldwin III both record him as brother of Godefroi and Eustache[614].  Albert of Aix records that "Godefridus dux regni Lotharingiæ…fraterque eius uterinus Baldewinus, Warnerus de Greis cognatus ipsius Ducis, Baldewinus pariter de Burch, Reinhardus comes de Tul, Petrus…frater ipsius, Dodo de Cons, Henricus de Ascha ac frater illius Godefridus" left for Jerusalem in Aug 1096[615].  As there is no indication of a second marriage of their mother, this isolated indication ("frater que eius uterinus") that the brothers may not have shared the same father should probably be dismissed.  It is probable that Baudouin was youngest of the brothers: he is always referred to after his brother Godefroi, and it is unlikely that Eustache would have succeeded to the paternal inheritance if he had been younger than Baudouin.  Canon at Cambrai, Reims and Liège, he left the church to become a knight probably before 1086 when, together with his brother Eustache, he organised military support for their brother Godefroi who was besieged at Stenay.  Baudouin was granted the county of Verdun in 1095 by Richer Bishop of Verdun, to whom Godefroi had surrendered the county while raising funds for his participation in the crusade.  It is likely that he was recognised, although not formally, as his brother Godefroi's heir to the duchy of Lower Lotharingia[616].  While marching across Cilicia, Baudouin took control of Tarsus, recently captured from the Turks by Tancred, nephew of Bohémond of Apulia[617].  Baudouin later relieved the Armenian population of Edessa, and established control over the town in Feb 1098, which provided the Lotharingian crusading contingent with a vital fresh source of supplies and income.  Baudouin was adopted as son and heir by Thoros Lord of Melitene and Edessa, who was immediately overthrown and murdered.  He was installed in BAUDOUIN Count of Edessa 10 Mar 1098.  With the treasure found in Edessa, he was able to extend his territories considerably by purchase the neighbouring emirate of Samosata from the Turkish Emir Balduk[618].  Receiving news of the death of his brother Godefroi, Baudouin arrived in Jerusalem [9] Nov 1100, and was crowned BAUDOUIN I King of Jerusalem by Patriarch Daibert at the church of the Nativity, Bethelehem, Christmas Day 1100[619].  During his reign, the Muslim coastal cities and the inland border area of Transjordan were gradually conquered.  He captured Arsuf (1101), Caesarea (1101), Acre (1104), Sidon (1110), and Beirut (1110).  Baudouin was taken ill while campaigning against the Fatimids in Egypt.  He appointed his brother Eustache as his heir to the crown of Jerusalem on his death bed, with Baudouin du Bourq as second choice if his brother declined. 

-        KINGS of JERUSALEM

4.         [IDA Europäische Stammtafeln[620] shows Ida, wife [firstly] of Hermann [von Malsen] and [secondly of Conon de Montaigu], as a possible daughter of Comte Eustache II & his wife Ida.  The only partial corroboration for this so far found is Orderic Vitalis who says that "Cono comes Alemannus" married "Duke Godfrey's sister"[621]m firstly ([1070]) HERMANN [von Malsen], son of --- (-1080 or after).  m secondly as his second wife, CONON Comte de Montaigu, son of GOZELO Comte de Montaigu & his wife Ermentrude de Grandpré (-30 Apr 1106).] 

Comte Eustache II had three [illegitimate] children by unknown mistresses:

5.          GUILLAUME.  Murray[622] quotes a 14th century version of the Genealogica comitum Boloniensium which says that Eustache [II] Comte de Boulogne had four sons (in order) Guillaume, Godefroi, Baudouin and Eustache.  If this is correct, it is surprising that earlier versions of the Genealogica, written nearer the time, would have ignored Guillaume.  If the Guillaume in question had been an illegitimate son, it is also surprising that the source fails to name the other illegitimate sons, especially  the more well-known Geoffrey. 

6.          GEOFFROY (-after 1100).  His parentage is confirmed by an undated charter under which his grandson Faramus filius Willielmi Boloniæ” confirmed donations to Okeburn Priory, Wiltshire by “Gaufridus filius comitis Eustacii de Bolonia avus meus, et Willielmus de Bolonia filius ipsius pater meus[623].  Murray[624] suggests that Geoffrey may have been born legitimate because (1) his descendants were known as "de Boulogne", (2) he married well, and (3) he was given the first name of his father's older brother.  Murray further suggests that, if this is correct, he would have been Comte Eustache's son by Godgifu of England, whose marriage may have been annulled for consanguinity, which would have resulted in the bastardisation of their children.  Geoffroy was mentioned in a writ of William I King of England dated [1066/71].  Lord of Carshalton.  Domesday Book records land held from “Geoffrey son of Count Eustace” in Carshalton, Surrey, adding that "Geoffrey de Mandeville gave him this land with his daughter"[625].  William I King of England confirmed the donations in Balham and Walton by "Godfrey son of Count Eustace on behalf of his wife Beatrice, with the consent of Geoffrey de Mandeville", by charter dated to [1076/84][626].  He held the manor of Coton, Cambridgeshire from his father in 1086[627].  He was in Palestine in 1100.  m ([1076/1084]) BEATRIX de Mandeville, daughter of GEOFFREY [I] de Mandeville & his first wife Adelais ---.  William I King of England confirmed the donations in Balham and Walton by "Godfrey son of Count Eustace on behalf of his wife Beatrice, with the consent of Geoffrey de Mandeville", by charter dated to [1076/84][628].  Domesday Book records land held from “Geoffrey son of Count Eustace” in Carshalton, Surrey, adding that "Geoffrey de Mandeville gave him this land with his daughter"[629].  Geoffroy & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Boulogne (-before 1130).  His parentage is confirmed by an undated charter under which his son Faramus filius Willielmi Boloniæ” confirmed donations to Okeburn Priory, Wiltshire by “Gaufridus filius comitis Eustacii de Bolonia avus meus, et Willielmus de Bolonia filius ipsius pater meus[630].  m firstly ---.  William's first marriage is deduced from the reference to his presumed second wife as stepmother of his son.  m secondly ---.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Faram fil Will de Bolonia" in Surrey and refers to "noverca sua"[631].  William & his first wife had four children: 

i)          FARAMUS de Boulogne (-[1183/84][632]).  Faramus filius Willielmi Boloniæ” confirmed donations to Okeburn Priory, Wiltshire by “Gaufridus filius comitis Eustacii de Bolonia avus meus, et Willielmus de Bolonia filius ipsius pater meus”, by undated charter witnessed by “fratres mei Eustacius et Simon…[633].  Lord of Tingry[634]The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Faram fil Will de Bolonia" in Surrey and refers to "noverca sua"[635].  "Pharamo de Tingri, Balduino de Caio…" subscribed the charter dated 1172 under which Matthieu Comte de Boulogne granted revenue from fisheries to the monks of Saint-Josse-sur-mer[636].  m MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Faramus & his wife had four children: 

(a)        WILLIAM The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "Engelramnum", son of "Eustacius…senex de Fielnis", married "nobilem de Tingreio Sibillam, Willelmi Faramus sororem"[637].  "Will[elmus]s Feram[us]" witnessed a spurious charter for Battle abbey under which Stephen King of England confirmed its rights and privileges, undated[638]m as her first husband, BEATRIX de Guines, daughter of ARNAUD Comte de Guines & his wife Mathilde de Saint-Omer.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Margaretam…Beatricem…Adelidem …Eufemiam et Luthgaudam…Mathildem…Ghislam…Agnetem" as the eight daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Beatrix married firstly "Willelmo Faramus de Tingreio" and secondly "castellano de Bellomanso Hugoni"[639].  She married secondly Hugues de Beaumetz Châtelain de Bapaume. 

(b)        EUSTACHE .  Domesday Descendants names Eustache and Simon as sons of Faramus citing a charter of Bec abbey[640]

(c)        SIMON .  Domesday Descendants names Eustache and Simon as sons of Faramus citing a charter of Bec abbey[641]

(d)        SIBYLLE de Tingry (-after 29 Sep 1223)Sibilla de Tyngria filia Farami de Bolonia, domina de Clopham” donated property in Clopham to Bec Abbey by undated charter[642].  She was her father's heir in [1183/84][643]The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "Engelramnum", son of "Eustacius…senex de Fielnis", married "nobilem de Tingreio Sibillam, Willelmi Faramus sororem"[644].  Her dowry was the manor of Mortok in Somerset, as shown by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Willelmus de Fienes" held "manerium de Mortok que fuit de dominico regis de dono comitis Willelmi filii Reginaldi filii Stephani qui manerium predictum dedit [Faramo] de Bolonia pro servicio i militis" in Somerset[645].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in the honour of Boulogne, dated to [1217/18], which includes "Sibilla de Fenes" holding "vi milites…in Lamburne, ii milites in Fifide et Blakehall et Lacfare…"[646].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Sibilla de Fiednes” owing “de de Honore Bolon” in Essex/Hertfordshire[647]m ENGUERRAND [I] de Fiennes, son of EUSTACHE [II] Seigneur de Fiennes & his wife --- (-1218).   

ii)         EUSTACHE de Boulogne (-after [1147]).  Faramus filius Willielmi Boloniæ” confirmed donations to Okeburn Priory, Wiltshire by “Gaufridus filius comitis Eustacii de Bolonia avus meus, et Willielmus de Bolonia filius ipsius pater meus”, by undated charter witnessed by “fratres mei Eustacius et Simon…[648].  "…Bald[uino] de Bolonia et Eustac[io] fratre eius…" witnessed a charter dated to [1145/47] under which Matilda Queen of England notified her donation to the church of Witham[649]

iii)        SIMON de BoulogneFaramus filius Willielmi Boloniæ” confirmed donations to Okeburn Priory, Wiltshire by “Gaufridus filius comitis Eustacii de Bolonia avus meus, et Willielmus de Bolonia filius ipsius pater meus”, by undated charter witnessed by “fratres mei Eustacius et Simon…[650]. 

iv)        BAUDOUIN de Boulogne (-after [1167/68]).  Archdeacon of Sudbury [1143]-[1167/68].  "…Bald[uino] de Bolonia et Eustac[io] fratre eius…" witnessed a charter dated to [1145/47] under which Matilda Queen of England notified her donation to the church of Witham[651]Archdeacon of Norwich 1164.

b)         [HAROLDEuropäische Stammtafeln shows Harold as a possible son of Geoffroy[652].  The primary source on which this speculation is based has not yet been identified.] 

c)          [MABILIA de Cotes .  Daughter of "Geoffrey de Cotes", and "puella" [lady-in-waiting] to Adelisa de Clermont, wife of Gilbert FitzRichard de Clare.  Domesday Descendants[653] speculates that she may have been the daughter of Geoffroy de Boulogne who held the manor of Coton, Cambridgeshire.] 

7.          HUGUES.  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

 

 

The relationship, if any, between the following person and the main Boulogne family has not been ascertained. 

 

1.         ARNOLD de Boulogne (-after [1151/53]).  "…Arnaldo de Bolonia" signed the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee"[654]

 

 

 

C.      COMTES de BOULOGNE (BLOIS-CHAMPAGNE and FLANDRE-LORRAINE)

 

 

MATHILDE de Boulogne, daughter of EUSTACHE [III] Comte de Boulogne & his wife Mary of Scotland ([1103/5]-Hedingham Castle, Essex 2/3 or 30 May or 3 Jul 1151, bur Faversham Abbey, Kent).  Her parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[655].  The Genealogica comitum Buloniensium names Mathilde daughter of "Eustachius, frater Balduini regis Iheruslame" and his wife "Mariam filiam regis Scotiæ", also recording her marriage with "Stephano, filio Stephani Blesensis comitis"[656].  She succeeded her father as Ctss de Boulogne.  "Stephanus comes Bolonie et Morethonii et Mathildis comitissa" confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Samer by charter dated 1141 (presumably misdated because of the donors’ titles), subscribed by "…Eustachius de Fielnes, Willelmus et Rogerus fratres sui…"[657].  She was crowned Queen Consort of England at Westminster Abbey 22 Mar 1136.  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1152 of "Matildis uxor Stephani regis Anglorum" and in a later passage her burial "in monasterio Fasseham", recording that she had founded the abbey[658]

m (before 1125) ETIENNE de Blois Comte de Mortain, son of ETIENNE Comte de Blois & his wife Adela of England (Blois [1096/7]-Dover 25 Oct 1154, bur Faversham Abbey, Kent).  Comte de Boulogne, in right of his wife, before 1125.  He succeeded 22 Dec 1135 as STEPHEN King of England, crowned at Westminster Abbey 26 Dec 1135.  His first cousin Matilda Lady of the English [daughter of Henry I King of England] disputed Stephen’s right to the throne.  During the ensuing civil war in England, Stephen was deposed and imprisoned by Matilda 7-10 April 1141, but restored to the throne 1 Nov 1141.  He was crowned a second time at Canterbury Cathedral in 1141, and a third time at Lincoln Cathedral in 1146. 

Ctss Mathilde & King Stephen had five children:

1.         other children: see ENGLAND.

2.         EUSTACHE de Blois ([1127/31]-Bury St Edmund’s 10 or 16 Aug 1153, bur Faversham Abbey, Kent).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Eustacium et Guilelmum" as the two sons of "rex Anglorum Stefanus"[659].  He was installed as EUSTACHE IV Comte de Boulogne at Christmas [1146/47]. 

3.         GUILLAUME de Blois ([1132/37]-11 Oct 1159, bur hospital of Montmorillon, Poitou).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Eustacium et Guilelmum" as the two sons of "rex Anglorum Stefanus"[660].  Earl of Warenne and Surrey, Lord of Pevensey and Norwich 1148/9 in right of his wife.  He succeeded his brother in 1153 as GUILLAUME Comte de Boulogne

4.         MARIE de Blois ([1136]-Montreuil 1182, bur Montreuil)She is named as daughter of King Stephen by Matthew Paris, when he records her marriage[661].  She succeeded her brother in 1159 as MARIE Ctss de Boulogne.  Her future husband abducted her from her convent in 1160 and forced her to marry him.  Pope Alexander III wrote to Henri Archbishop of Reims, dated 18 Dec 1161, regarding the abduction and marriage of "M. filius…comitis Flandrensis" and "monialem…abbatissam", but the document does not name the abbey from which she was abducted[662].  After the annulment of her marriage, she became a nun at the Benedictine nunnery of St Austrebert near Montreuil.  m (before 1160, annulled 1169/70) as his first wife, MATTHIEU de Flandre [Lorraine], son of THIERRY I Count of Flanders & his second wife Sibylle d'Anjou ([1137]-killed in battle Driencourt 25 Dec 1173, bur Abbaye de Saint-Josse).  He succeeded in 1160 as MATTHIEU Comte de Boulogne, in right of his wife.  He led the Flemish contingent in support of Louis VII King of France against Henry II King of England and was mortally wounded by an arrow at the siege of the château de Driencourt in Normandy[663].  Comte Matthieu & his first wife had two children:

a)         IDA de Flandre ([1160/61]-21 Apr 1216, bur Boulogne).  The Flandria Generosa specifies that "frater Philippi secundus natu Matheus" had two daughters by his wife "comitissam Boloniensem", specifying that the older daughter (unnamed) married "Rainaldo comiti de Danmartin" against the wishes of her friends[664].  The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Idam…et Mathildem" as the two daughters of "Matheus [comiti Boloniensi]" & his wife, specifying that Ida married "primus…Gerardo comiti de Ghelra, deinde Bertoldo Cheringiorum duci, postea Rainaldo comiti Dommi-Martini in Francia"[665].  She succeeded her father in 1173 as Ctss de Boulogne.  Her first marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which "Ida comitissa Boloniensis" donated "decimam Alulfi de Ales…in parrochia de Salquele" to Andres, naming "virorum meorum bonæ memoriæ comitum Boloniensium, Matthei…et Geraldi de Gelre"[666].  The Annales Egmundani record the marriage in 1181 of "filiam comitis Boloniæ Mathei" and "comes Gelrensis…Gerardus" and his death later the same year, specifying that his widow took away by force everything which had been granted to her at the time of the marriage[667].  The Chronica Andrensis records the death in1216 of "Ida Bolonie comitissa in Flandria" and her burial at Boulogne[668]m firstly MATHIEU, son of --- (-before 1181).  m secondly (1181) GERHARD van Geldern, son of HENDRIK Graaf van Geldern en Zutphen & his wife Agnes von Arnstein ([1140]-1181).  m thirdly (1183) as his second wife, BERTHOLD IV Herzog von Zähringen, son of KONRAD Herzog von Zähringen [Baden] & his wife Clémence de Namur (-8 Sep 1186, bur St Peter im Schwarzwald).  [669]Betrothed (after 1186) to ARNOUL de Guines Seigneur d'Ardres, son of BAUDOUIN II Comte de Guines & his wife Christine d'Ardres (-1220).  He succeeded his father in 1205 as Comte de Guinesm fourthly (Apr 1190) as his second wife, RENAUD de Dammartin, son of AUBRY [II] Comte de Dammartin & his wife Mathilde [Mabille] de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis ([1165/70]-Château de Goulet 21 Apr 1217, bur Boulogne).  He kidnapped his future second wife and kept her at the château de Riste in Lorraine, where he lured her fiancé (Arnoul de Guines Seigneur d'Ardres) and arranged his arrest by Albert de Hièrges Bishop of Verdun[670].  He succeeded in 1192 as Comte de Boulogne.  He succeeded his father in 1200 as Comte de Dammartin.  Philippe II King of France installed him in 1205 as Comte d'Aumâle and in 1209 as Comte de Mortain.  He swore homage to John King of England in 1212, and his assets in France were confiscated in King Philippe II.  He was captured after the battle of Bouvines in 1214 and imprisoned at the château de Goulet where he later committed suicide[671]

b)         other child: - see FLANDERS

 

 

 

D.      SEIGNEURS de FIENNES

 

 

1.         EUSTACHE [I] de Fiennesm ---.  The name of Eustache’s wife is not known.  Eustache [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         CONON de Fiennes (-after 16 Jul 1113).  "Cononis de Fieules, Eustacii et Rogerii filiorum eius…" subscribed the charter dated Jul 1112 under which "Eustacius Bolonie comes" confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Samer[672].  "Cono de Finlleiz, Eustacius et Rogerius filius eius…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Jul 1113 under which "Eustachius junior…Boloniensium comes" confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Samer[673]m ---.  The name of Conon’s wife is not known.  Conon & his wife had three children: 

i)          EUSTACHE [II] de Fiennes (-after 1141).  "Cononis de Fieules, Eustacii et Rogerii filiorum eius…" subscribed the charter dated Jul 1112 under which "Eustacius Bolonie comes" confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Samer[674]

-         see below

ii)         GUILLAUME de Fiennes .  "…Eustachius de Fielnes, Willelmus et Rogerus fratres sui…" subscribed the charter dated 1141 (presumably misdated because of the donors’ titles) under which "Stephanus comes Bolonie et Morethonii et Mathildis comitissa" confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Samer[675]

iii)        ROGER de Fiennes (-after 1150).  "Cononis de Fieules, Eustacii et Rogerii filiorum eius…" subscribed the charter dated Jul 1112 under which "Eustacius Bolonie comes" confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Samer[676].  "Cono de Finlleiz, Eustacius et Rogerius filius eius…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Jul 1113 under which "Eustachius junior…Boloniensium comes" confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Samer[677].  "…Eustachius de Fielnes, Willelmus et Rogerus fratres sui…" subscribed the charter dated 1141 (presumably misdated because of the donors’ titles) under which "Stephanus comes Bolonie et Morethonii et Mathildis comitissa" confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Samer[678]

 

 

1.         ENGUERRAND de Fiennes (-killed in battle Acre 1190).  Roger of Hoveden names “...Ingeram de Fenes occisus...” among those who were killed at the siege of Acre[679]

 

 

EUSTACHE [II] de Fiennes, son of CONON de Fiennes & his wife --- (-after 1141).  "Cononis de Fieules, Eustacii et Rogerii filiorum eius…" subscribed the charter dated Jul 1112 under which "Eustacius Bolonie comes" confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Samer[680].  "Cono de Finlleiz, Eustacius et Rogerius filius eius…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Jul 1113 under which "Eustachius junior…Boloniensium comes" confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Samer[681].  "…Eustachius de Fielnes, Willelmus et Rogerus fratres sui…" subscribed the charter dated 1141 (presumably misdated because of the donors’ titles) under which "Stephanus comes Bolonie et Morethonii et Mathildis comitissa" confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Samer[682].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "Eustacius senex de Fielnis" founded "ecclesiam de Bello-loco"[683]

m ---.  The name of Eustache’s wife is not known. 

Eustache [II] & his wife had four children: 

1.         EUSTACHE [III] de Fiennes (-before 1187).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Eustacium…Engelramnum…Gillebertum …Radulphum" as the sons of "Eustacius…senex de Fielnis"[684]m as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Guines, daughter of ARNAUD Comte de Guines & his wife Mathilde de Saint-Omer (-1222).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "Eustacium", son of "Eustacius…senex de Fielnis", married "Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filiam Margaretam"[685].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Margaretam…Beatricem…Adelidem …Eufemiam et Luthgaudam…Mathildem…Ghislam…Agnetem" as the eight daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Marguerite married firstly "Eustacio de Fielnis" and secondly "Rogero Curtracensi castellano"[686].  She married secondly Roger [I] Châtelain de Courtrai Burchgraeve van Gent.  Philippe Count of Flanders confirmed the donation of property "in parrochia de Severne" to the church of Saint-Martin, Popinglo made by "Rogerus castellanus et uxor eius Margareta" by charter dated 6 May 1187, signed by "Rogeri, Arnoldi, Giselberti filiorum ipsius Rogeri castellani, Joannis Insularis castellani…Sigeri de Gant…"[687].  "Margareta quondam castellana Curtracensis" donated revenue to Gant Saint-Pierre by undated charter[688].  A charter dated to [1201/09] records the donation by "nobilis matrona Margareta…castellana Curtracensis" to Gant Saint-Pierre for the anniversary of "domini Eustachii primi mariti eiusdem matrone"[689]

2.         ENGUERRAND [I] de Fiennes (-1218).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Eustacium…Engelramnum…Gillebertum …Radulphum" as the sons of "Eustacius…senex de Fielnis"[690]m SIBYLLE de Tingry, daughter of FARAMUS de Boulogne & his wife Mathilde --- (-after 29 Sep 1223).  “Sibilla de Tyngria filia Farami de Bolonia, domina de Clopham” donated property in Clopham to Bec Abbey by undated charter[691].  She was her father's heir in [1183/84][692].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "Engelramnum", son of "Eustacius…senex de Fielnis", married "nobilem de Tingreio Sibillam, Willelmi Faramus sororem"[693].  Her dowry was the manor of Mortok in Somerset, as shown by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Willelmus de Fienes" held "manerium de Mortok que fuit de dominico regis de dono comitis Willelmi filii Reginaldi filii Stephani qui manerium predictum dedit [Faramo] de Bolonia pro servicio i militis" in Somerset[694].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in the honour of Boulogne, dated to [1217/18], which includes "Sibilla de Fenes" holding "vi milites…in Lamburne, ii milites in Fifide et Blakehall et Lacfare…"[695].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Sibilla de Fiednes” owing “de de Honore Bolon” in Essex/Hertfordshire[696].  Enguerrand & his wife had [five or more] children: 

a)         GUILLAUME [I] de Fiennes (-[1235/44]).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Willelmum, Thomam et Eustacium et filias" as the children of "de Fielnis…Engelramnum" and his wife "nobilem de Tingreio Sibillam…"[697].  “Willelmus filius Ingelrami dominus de Fielnes” donated property to Andres, with the consent of "uxore mea Agnete et filio meo Ingelramno", by charter dated 1 Jan 1203 witnessed by "Radulfo de Fielnes patruo meo…Joanne de Tingri…"[698].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Willelmus de Fienes" held "manerium de Mortok que fuit de dominico regis de dono comitis Willelmi filii Reginaldi filii Stephani qui manerium predictum dedit [Faramo] de Bolonia pro servicio i militis" in Somerset[699].  m AGNES de Dammartin, daughter of AUBRY [II] Comte de Dammartin & his wife Mathilde [Mabile] de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis.  “Willelmus filius Ingelrami dominus de Fielnes” donated property to Andres, with the consent of "uxore mea Agnete et filio meo Ingelramno", by charter dated 1 Jan 1203 witnessed by "Radulfo de Fielnes patruo meo…Joanne de Tingri…"[700].  Guillaume & his wife had six children: 

i)          ENGUERRAND [II] de Fiennes (before 1 Jan 1203-after 18 Jul 1267).  “Willelmus filius Ingelrami dominus de Fielnes” donated property to Andres, with the consent of "uxore mea Agnete et filio meo Ingelramno", by charter dated 1 Jan 1203 witnessed by "Radulfo de Fielnes patruo meo…Joanne de Tingri…"[701]

-         see below

ii)         MATHILDE de Fiennes (-after 1244)Her parentage is confirmed by a charter of Ardres dated 1232 which records a dispute between "Balduinum" and "dominum Willelmum de Fielnes socerum eius"[702].  The testament of "Baudewins cuens de Ghisnes et castelains de Broborgh", dated 1244, made gifts "par le creancement Mahaut me femme e Ernol mon fil ainnei e mon hoir"[703]m BAUDOUIN [III] Comte de Guines, son of ARNOUL Comte de Guines & his wife Beatrix de Bourbourg (-after May 1244). 

iii)        BAUDOUIN de Fiennes (-after May 1270)m ([Jul 1248/Dec 1252]) as her second husband, MELISENDE Kiéret [Quiéret], widow of ARNOUL [III] de Cayeux  Seigneur de Longvilliers, daughter of HUGUES [II] Kiéret Seigneur de Douriez & his wife Agnes d’Hermelinghen (-after [1257/58]). 

iv)       RENAUD de Fiennes (-after 1235). 

v)        MICHEL de Fiennes (-after 1267).  Pope Urban IV mandated “Michael de Fienes canon of Terouanne...” regarding disturbing the archbishop of Canterbury, dated 24 Feb 1264[704]

vi)       GUILLAUME de Fiennes (-after 1267). 

b)         THOMAS de Fiennes (-after 1207).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Willelmum, Thomam et Eustacium et filias" as the children of "de Fielnis…Engelramnum" and his wife "nobilem de Tingreio Sibillam…"[705].  “Thomas frater domini Willelmi de Fielnes” donated property to Andres abbey by charter dated 1207 witnessed by "Joannes de Tingri…"[706]

c)         EUSTACHE de Fiennes .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Willelmum, Thomam et Eustacium et filias" as the children of "de Fielnis…Engelramnum" and his wife "nobilem de Tingreio Sibillam…"[707]

d)         daughters .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Willelmum, Thomam et Eustacium et filias" as the children of "de Fielnis…Engelramnum" and his wife "nobilem de Tingreio Sibillam…"[708]

3.         GILBERT de Fiennes .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Eustacium…Engelramnum…Gillebertum etiam de Belkinio…Radulphum" as the sons of "Eustacius…senex de Fielnis"[709]

4.         RAOUL de Fiennes (-after 1 Jan 1203).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Eustacium…Engelramnum…Gillebertum …Radulphum" as the sons of "Eustacius…senex de Fielnis"[710].  “Willelmus filius Ingelrami dominus de Fielnes” donated property to Andres, with the consent of "uxore mea Agnete et filio meo Ingelramno", by charter dated 1 Jan 1203 witnessed by "Radulfo de Fielnes patruo meo…Joanne de Tingri…"[711]m as her second husband, ADELAIDE de Champagne, widow of EUSTACHE de Calquelle, daughter of HENRI de Champagne & his wife Adelaide de Conteville.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "Radulphum", son of "Eustacius…senex de Fielnis", married "Henrici de Campania et Adelidis…de Contevilla filiam Adelidem" who had first married "Eustacio de Calquella"[712].  Raoul & his wife had [two or more] children: 

a)         ADELAIDE de Fiennes .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "Radulphum [de Fielnes]" and his wife "Henrici de Campania et Adelidis…de Contevilla filiam Adelidem" had "filias…unam Adelidem" who married "Balduinus de Hamis" by whom she had "Eustacium…Engelramnum et Balduinum"[713]m BAUDOUIN de Hamis, son of ---. 

 

 

ENGUERRAND [II] de Fiennes, son of GUILLAUME [I] Seigneur de Fiennes & his wife Agnes de Dammartin (before 1 Jan 1203-after 18 Jul 1267).  “Willelmus filius Ingelrami dominus de Fielnes” donated property to Andres, with the consent of "uxore mea Agnete et filio meo Ingelramno", by charter dated 1 Jan 1203 witnessed by "Radulfo de Fielnes patruo meo…Joanne de Tingri…"[714]

m ISABELLE de Condé, daughter of NICOLAS Seigneur de Condé et de Bailleul & his wife Elisabeth de Morialmes. 

Enguerrand [II] & his wife had four children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [II] de Fiennes (-killed in battle Courtrai 11 Jul 1302).  “Willaume chevalier sires de Fienles” approved an exchange of property between Notre-Dame de Licques and “me sire Ingheran de Journi”, for the souls of “mi, de dame Blanche me feme...”, by charter dated 14 Jun 1276[715]m (contract 18 Jan [1266 or 1267], before Feb [1266 or 1267]) BLANCHE de Brienne, daughter of JEAN de Brienne dit d’Acre & his first wife Jeanne de Châteaudun (-after 8 Oct 1285).  A charter dated 18 Jan 1266 records an agreement between "Jean d’Acre bouteiller de France" and "Robert de Drous" under which the former gave revenue from the manor of Louplande to "damoiselle Blanche sa fille"[716].  Dame de Loupelande.  "Jean fils le roy de Jérusalem" notified his promise to "monseigneur Enguerran seigneur de Fieules el nom de Guillaume son aisné fils mary damoiselle Blanche nostre fille" relating to revenue from Louplande by charter dated Feb 1266 (presumably O.S.)[717].  “Willaume chevalier sires de Fienles” approved an exchange of property between Notre-Dame de Licques and “me sire Ingheran de Journi”, for the souls of “mi, de dame Blanche me feme...”, by charter dated 14 Jun 1276[718].  An “order to cause Blanche wife of William de Fenes to have in [the] forest [of Selewode] twelve leafless stumps for her fuel, as the king’s gift” is dated 8 Oct 1285[719].  Guillaume [II] & his wife had [seven] children: 

a)         JEAN de Fiennes (-after 1333).  Châtelain de Bourbourg.  Seigneur de Tingry.  m (after 1307) ISABELLE de Flandre, daughter of GUY Count of Flanders & his second wife Isabelle de Luxembourg Ctss of Namur (-1323).  Jean & his wife had five children: 

i)          ROBERT de Fiennes ([1308/09]-[1384])m firstly BEATRIX de Gavre Dame de Fauquemberghes et Châtelaine de Saint-Omer, daughter of --- Seigneur de Gavre & his wife Eléonore de Varennes.  An order of parlement dated 1365, relating to a dispute concerning the county of Faucquemberghe and châtellenie of Saint-Omer, records that "Guillelmus comes Falsibergensis et castellanus S. Audomari" had married "quandam filiam comitis tunc Guinarum", by whom he had "filius…Guillelmus et…filia Mathildis", that their son Guillaume had married "filiam domini de Varenis" and had "filia…Alienor" who married "domino de Gaure" by whom she had "Beatrix uxor quondam dicti defensoris [=Roberto domino de Fienlis consanguineo nostro constabulario Franciæ]", and that Mathilde had married "castellano eo tempore de Bellomonte (nomine Balduino) patre Florencii quondam comitis dicti loci patris dicti actoris [=Sansone de Bellomonte milite comite Falsibergensi]"[720]m secondly (before 1365) as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Melun, widow of JEAN de Noyers Comte de Joigny, daughter of JEAN [II] de Melun Vicomte de Melun, Comte de Tancarville & his wife Jeanne Crespin (-1 Apr ----).  The necrology of the Abbaye du Jard records the death "Kal Apr" of "domine Margarete de Meleduno condam domnina de Fiennez et comitissa de Joygniaco" and her donation[721]

ii)         JEANNE de Fiennes (-1353)m firstly (1319) JEAN de Châtillon Comte de Saint-Pol, son of GUY [IV] de Châtillon Comte de Saint-Pol & his wife Marie de Bretagne (-before 1344).  m secondly (1344) JEAN de Mortagne Seigneur de Landas et de Bouvignies, son of --- (-19 Dec 1356). 

iii)        MATHILDE de Fiennesm JEAN de Bournonville Seigneur de Bournonville, son of HUGUES de Bournonville Seigneur de Bournonville & his wife Yolande de Leaulmes (-1360). 

iv)       AGNES de Fiennes (-[after 1355]).  Nun at Messines.  Berlière states that “il y avait en 1355 à Bourbourg une religieuse, fille de noble Jean de Fiennes, sœur d’Agnès religieuse de Messines[722]

v)        --- de Fiennes (-after 1355).  Nun at Bourbourg.  Berlière states that “il y avait en 1355 à Bourbourg une religieuse, fille de noble Jean de Fiennes, sœur d’Agnès religieuse de Messines[723]

b)         ROBERT de Fiennes (-before 1365).  Seigneur de Roubecq.  Sénéchal de Poitou. 

c)         ISABELLE de Fiennes m firstly GUILLAUME de Mortagne Seigneur de Dossemer, son of ---.  m secondly ROBERT de Wavrin Seigneur de Lillers, seneschal of Flanders, son of ---. 

d)         YOLANDE de Fiennes

e)         MARGUERITE de Fiennes (-1334).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Wigmore Abbey records that “Edmundus de Mortuomari…Rogeri de Mortuomari…secundogenitus” married “Margaretam…filiam domini Willielmi de Fendles de Hispania”, adding that she was “dominæ Alianoræ reginæ Angliæ…consanguineam[724]m EDMUND [I] de Mortimer of Wigmore, son of ROGER [IV] de Mortimer of Wigmore & his wife Matilda de Briouse (before 1251-Wigmore Castle 17 Jul 1304, bur Wigmore). 

f)          [JEANNE (-before 26 Oct 1309).  The Complete Peerage comments that the wife of John Wake "is said to have been a daughter of Sir John FitzBernard of Kingsdown, Kent; but a medieval ped. roll calls her daughter of William de Fenes a Count in Spain"[725].  If the latter is correct, she would presumably have been the daughter of Guillaume [II] de Fiennes.  m (before 24 Sep 1291) JOHN Wake, son of BALDWIN Wake & his second wife Hawise de Quincy ([1268]-before 10 Apr 1300).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord Wake.] 

g)         [AGNES de Fiennes (-after 1 Jan 1318).  Nun at Maubuisson.  Accounts for 1318 record a payment to “suer Agnes de Fiennes nonnain de Maubuisson...pour certain moulins qui furent le segneur de Fiennes...” dated 1 Jan[726].  From a chronological point of view, it is more likely that Agnès was the daughter of Guillaume [II] de Fiennes than of his son Jean.  The reference in the text to ownership of the mills in question in the past tense suggests that the previous holder may have been deceased at the time.] 

2.         MATHILDE de Fiennes (-(-6 Nov before 1298, bur Walden, Essex).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Matilda de Fenis” as wife of “Humfridus de Boun comes Herefordiæ et Essexiæ[727].  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Humfredus septimus de Bohun” married “Matildem de Fenes”, adding that she died “in festo S. Leonardi” and was buried “apud Waldene[728].  An inspeximus dated 15 Jun 1275 records the dower promised by “William de Fenles lord of Fenles” to “Sir Humphrey de Boun” with “his sister Maud de Fenles in marriage[729]m (1275) HUMPHREY [VII] de Bohun Earl of Hereford & Essex, son of HUMPHREY [VI] de Bohun & his first wife Eleanor de Briouse of Abergavenny ([1249]-Pleshey 31 Dec 1298, bur Walden, Essex). 

3.         JEAN de Fiennes .  Seigneur de Colemberg.  m BEATRIX de Montegnies, daughter of ---.  

4.         ROBERT de Fiennes .  Seigneur de Heuchin.  m CLAUDE de Luxembourg, daughter of ---.  

 

 

 

E.      AVOUES de SAINT-BERTIN

 

 

The avoués/avocats of Saint-Bertin were the lay representatives of the monastery who acted on behalf of the monks in temporal matters.  In later times, the avouerie of monasteries was in many cases hereditary within the same family.  The data relating to the avoués of Saint-Bertin is not sufficiently detailed to confirm whether all the individuals who are named below were members of the same family, although the repetition of the names Everard and Gerbodo suggests that some of them at least were related.  The origin of the family is not known.  However, the donation of property in Arques made after the death of Everard [I], as well as the repeated references to the same property in charters in which successor avoués are named, suggests that they may have originated from that area.  No certain references to avoués who were specifically attributed to Saint-Bertin have been identified after the mid-11th century.  It is not known whether this was because the monastery had been granted freedom from its avouerie, or simply because the documentation is not explicit enough.  Few references to avoués have been found in documents relating to Saint-Bertin after 1147.  The advocacy of Saint-Bertin passed to Hamelin, illegitimate son of Geoffroy Comte d’Anjou before [1182]: "Hamelin…comes de Waringe et ecclesie beati Bertini advocatus" donated land "in parochia de Rokesthorn" to Saint-Bertin, for "uxoris mee filiique mei Willelmi", by charter dated to [1182][730]

 

 

1.         HUCBERT (-after [864/65]).  Avoué de Saint-Bertin.  "Hucberti advocati" signed the charter dated to [864/65] under which "Roudwaldus" donated property "meæ in pago Bononensi in loco…Diorwaldingatum super fluviolum ---" to Saint-Bertin for the entry of "filius meus Megenfridus" into the monastery[731]

 

2.         FARDULF (-after 27 Jul 868).  Avoué de Saint-Bertin.  "Fardulfi advocati, Grimbaldi senioris…" signed the charter dated 27 Jul 868 which records that "Berhardus et Erkembaldus" donated property "in Humbaldingahem et in Embrica in pago Taruenensi…" to Saint-Bertin "in manus domni Humfridi episcopi, Vuigmari comitis, Meionis, Odberti"[732]

 

3.         ODBERT (-after 16 Mar 875).  Avoué de Saint-Bertin.  "Odberti advocati" subscribed the charter dated 16 Mar 875 which records an agreement between the abbot of Saint-Bertin and the congregations concerning serf "Hrotfridem"[733]

 

4.         ODGRIM (-after 8 Sep 883).  Avoué de Saint-Bertin.  "Odgrini advocati" signed the charter dated 8 Sep 883 under which "Rodinus" donated property "in pago Pontivo super fluvium Alteine in villa…Remmia: ecclesiam unam" to Saint-Bertin[734].  "Odgrimus advocatus iam dicti monasterii Sithiu" donated "hereditatem suam in loco…Hamma super fluvio Marsbuccæ in pago Mampisco" to Saint-Bertin by undated charter[735]

 

 

1.         EVERARD [I] (-before [958]).  Avoué de Saint-Bertin.  "Vuicfredus episcopus, Folbertus episcopus, Damarus episcopus…Everardus advocatus…" witnessed the charter dated 938 which records that "abbatis et comitis Arnulfi…conjunx Adela" allowed the entry of women into Saint-Bertin, the same document recording that "Adalolphus tunc quidem puerulus" was placed in the monastery by "patre Everhardo summæ nobilitatis viro et matre Ricsinda"[736].  A charter dated "VII Id Jan regnante donmo Lothario" [958] records that "villam…Arkas…alodem Everardi eiusdem loci advocati" was donated to Saint-Bertin after he died[737]m RICSINDA, daughter of --- (-after 938).  "Vuicfredus episcopus, Folbertus episcopus, Damarus episcopus…Everardus advocatus…" witnessed the charter dated 938 which records that "abbatis et comitis Arnulfi…conjunx Adela" allowed the entry of women into Saint-Bertin, the same document recording that "Adalolphus tunc quidem puerulus" was placed in the monastery by "patre Everhardo summæ nobilitatis viro et matre Ricsinda"[738].  Everard & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [EVERARD [II] (-[975/86]).  "Evorhardi advocati, Rodulfi, Rorici, Gerbodonis, Gerhardi, Adelelmi, Wibezonis" signed the charter dated 975 under which "Richildis vidua" donated property "in loco…Hardbere…et mihi legitime in dotis titulo ab Everwino seniore meo" to Saint-Bertin and made a donation for her burial there, and "defuncta matre mea, Gerhardus" confirmed "ipsam hereditatem" to Saint-Bertin by charter dated 986 signed by "Gerhardi, Gerbodonis advocati, Balduini, Waldberti, Rumoldi, Regeneri"[739].  The dating of this pair of charters shows that Everard [II] must have been a different person from Everard [I].  The relationship between the two has not been ascertained, but it is possible that they were father and son.] 

b)         ADALOLF .  "Vuicfredus episcopus, Folbertus episcopus, Damarus episcopus…Everardus advocatus…" witnessed the charter dated 938 which records that "abbatis et comitis Arnulfi…conjunx Adela" allowed the entry of women into Saint-Bertin, the same document recording that "Adalolphus tunc quidem puerulus" was placed in the monastery by "patre Everhardo summæ nobilitatis viro et matre Ricsinda"[740]

 

 

1.         GERBOD [I] (-after 986).  Avoué de Saint-Bertin.  "Evorhardi advocati, Rodulfi, Rorici, Gerbodonis, Gerhardi, Adelelmi, Wibezonis" signed the charter dated 975 under which "Richildis vidua" donated property "in loco…Hardbere…et mihi legitime in dotis titulo ab Everwino seniore meo" to Saint-Bertin and made a donation for her burial there, and "defuncta matre mea, Gerhardus" confirmed "ipsam hereditatem" to Saint-Bertin by charter dated 986 signed by "Gerhardi, Gerbodonis advocati, Balduini, Waldberti, Rumoldi, Regeneri"[741]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not yet identified. 

1.         GERBOD [II] (-[after 6 Jan 1056]).  Avoué de Saint-Bertin.  "…Gerbodonis advocati, Ernulfi advocati…" signed the charter dated 1026 under which "Balduinus Taruannensis ecclesia episcopus" exchanged property with the abbot of Saint-Bertin[742].  "…Gerbodonis advocati" signed the charter dated 6 Jan 1042 under which Baudouin V Count of Flanders settled the entitlements of the avoués of Saint-Bertin in the seigneurie of Arques[743].  "Dominum Bovonem abbatem et advocatem huius loci Gerbodonem" settled a dispute relating to "villa sancti Bertini Arkas" by undated charter, placed in the compilation with other charters dated 1056[744].  Baudouin V Count of Flanders confirmed privileges relating to "villa sanct Bertini Arkas", settling a dispute between "abbatis Bovonis et Gerbodonis advocati", by charter dated 6 Jan 1056[745]same person as...?  GERBOD (-after 22 Feb 1071).  The Complete Peerage says that Gerbod Earl of Chester was “avoué of the abbey of St Bertin” without stating the primary source on which this information is based[746].  If correct, the chronology suggests that he was Gerbod [II].  However, this co-identity is not ideal considering that Gundred, sister of Gerbod Earl of Chester, married in 1070, which suggests that her brother was a relatively young man when appointed earl by the English king.  Another possibility is that the sources, quoted above, in which Gerbod [II] is named in fact refer to two different avoués named Gerbod, and that the earl of Chester was the same person who was named only in 1056.  Earl of Chester: Orderic Vitalis records that King William had “iamdudum” granted “Cestram et comitatum eius” to “Gherbodo Flandrensi”, who was harried ceaselessly “ab Anglis quam a Guallis”, who was granted permission by the king to return to Flanders but was captured and imprisoned, dated to 1071[747].  The Complete Peerage states that he returned to Flanders where he fought and was captured at the battle of Cassel 22 Feb 1071 “and kept captive for a long period, never coming back to England” (no primary source cited)[748]

2.         ARNOUL (-after 1026).  "…Gerbodonis advocati, Ernulfi advocati…" signed the charter dated 1026 under which "Balduinus Taruannensis ecclesia episcopus" exchanged property with the abbot of Saint-Bertin[749]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not yet identified.  Their names reveal a family connection with Gerbod [II] and his brother Arnoul, maybe they were the sons of either one or the other. 

1.         GERBOD [III] (-after 1096).  "Gerbodo et Ado conjux mea" donated "terciam partem tocius ville Ostreseld" to Saint-Bertin for their anniversaries by charter dated to [1084][750].  "Johannes Sithiensium abbas" noted the donation of property "in villam Ostrasele" to Saint-Bertin made by "Arnulfus atque Gerbodo frater suus" by charter dated 1087, witnessed by "Balduinus de Ganda, Razo de Gavera, Razo et Asricus frater suus de Monela, Rothardus de Sotthigehem et Rotnedh frater suus et Sigerus de Westernehem et Rothulfus de Hervethingehem, Gerardus de Cymbresaca et Godeverhd de Lahtham…"[751].  "Arnulfus…et frater meus Gerbodo" sold "allodium…in villa Rokostorn" to Saint-Bertin, for the soul of "mee et uxoris mee Athelaidis", by charter dated 1096[752]m ADA, daughter of --- (-after [1084]).  "Gerbodo et Ado conjux mea" donated "terciam partem tocius ville Ostreseld" to Saint-Bertin for their anniversaries by charter dated to [1084][753]

2.         ARNOUL (-after 1096).  "Arnulfus…et frater meus Gerbodo" sold "allodium…in villa Rokostorn" to Saint-Bertin, for the soul of "mee et uxoris mee Athelaidis", by charter dated 1096[754]m ADELAIDE, daugher of --- (-after 1096).  "Arnulfus…et frater meus Gerbodo" sold "allodium…in villa Rokostorn" to Saint-Bertin, for the soul of "mee et uxoris mee Athelaidis", by charter dated 1096[755]

 

 

1.         [ROBERT (-after 1102).  It is possible that "Roberti advocati", who is named in the following three documents, was not avoué of Saint-Bertin but was the same person as Robert [III] "le Chauve" de Béthune (see the document FLANDERS NOBILITY).  Robert II Count of Flanders granted freedoms for "villa eorum…Arkas sicut eadem villa hereditarium et proprium jus sancti Walberti comitis fuerat" to Saint-Bertin, as granted by "pater meus Balduinus comes Gerbodone advocato concedente", by charter dated 1093 signed by "…Roberti advocati, Cononis, Rodgeri castellani, Thumbaldi de Ypres, Raingeri dapiferi"[756].  "…Balduini castellani, Roberti advocati, Baldrici de Culhem, Eustatii advocati Taruanensis" signed the document dated to [1093] under which "Johannes Sithiensis cœnobii abbas" noted "me partam comitatus de villa de Arkas…que ad Baldricum de Culhem attinet", with the consent of "duobus militibus suis Baldrico filio Arnulfi et Eustatio filio Ymmonis de Baldringehem"[757].  "…Roberti advocati, Roberti castellani, Rogeri castellani, Everardi, Frumoldi insulani, Frumoldi de Ypres" signed the document dated 1102 under which Robert II Count of Flanders granted privileges to Saint-Bertin relating to "villa Arkas"[758].] 

 

 

1.         RENAUD (-after 1091).  Avoué [de Saint-Bertin].  "…Rainaldus advocatus…" witnessed the charter dated 1091 under which the abbot of Saint-Bertin and Manassès Comte de Guines reached agreement on the civil status of a family of serfs[759].  The religious institution of which Renaud was avoué is uncertain. 

 

2.         GUILLAUME (-after 1147).  Avoué [de Saint-Bertin].  "Willelmi qui tunc in loco advocati fuit…" witnessed the charter dated 30 Jul 1096 under which "Alolfus filius Maltrudis" acknowledged having received land "in loco Selzi et…in loco Culham" from Saint-Bertin which was to be returned after he died[760].  The religious institution of which Guillaume was avoué is uncertain. 

 

 

1.         ELENARD (-after 1147).  Avoué [de Saint-Bertin].  "…Elenardus advocatus, Arnoldus advocatus…" witnessed the charter dated 1147 under which Thierry Count of Flanders confirmed the privileges of Saint-Bertin[761].  The religious institution of which Elenard was avoué is uncertain. 

 

2.         ARNOUL (-after 1147).  Avoué [de Saint-Bertin].  "…Elenardus advocatus, Arnoldus advocatus…" witnessed the charter dated 1147 under which Thierry Count of Flanders confirmed the privileges of Saint-Bertin[762].  The religious institution of which Arnoul was avoué is uncertain. 

 

 

 

F.      CHÂTELAINS de SAINT-OMER (FAUQUEMBERGHES)

 

 

The castle of Saint-Omer originally lay within the county of Boulogne.  By the early 12th century, the counts of Flanders exercised authority in the area and appointed the châtelain.  The role of the châtelain (burchgraeve in Flemish), similar to that of the vicomtes in other parts of France, is discussed more fully in the Introduction to the document FLEMISH NOBILITY.  The châtelains de Saint-Omer acquired considerable power outside the limited area of the town of Saint-Omer itself, and branches of the family were installed as Princes of Tiberias in Palestine in the mid-12th century and as Lords of Thebes in mainland Greece in the early 13th century. 

 

 

1.         LAMBERT (-after 1063).  Châtelain [de Saint-Omer].  "…Landberti castellani…" signed the charter dated 1 Mar 1042 under which the abbot of Saint-Bertin and the provost of Saint-Omer exchanged properties[763].  "…Eustachii comitis, Lanberti castellani, Vulfrici filii eius" signed the charter dated 1063 under which the abbot of Saint-Bertin regulated the use of land at "villæ Ostreselæ"[764]m ---.  The name of Lambert’s wife is not known.  Lambert & his wife had one child: 

a)         WULFRIC (-after 1063).  "…Eustachii comitis, Lanberti castellani, Vulfrici filii eius" signed the charter dated 1063 under which the abbot of Saint-Bertin regulated the use of land at "villæ Ostreselæ"[765]

 

2.         BAUDOUIN (-[Sep 1097/1100]).  "…Balduini castellani…" signed the charter dated to [1093] under which records that the abbey of Saint-Bertin acquired part of "comitatus de villa de Arkes"[766]Châtelain de Saint-Omer.  "Balduinus castellanus Sancti Audomari" is named as present in a charter dated Sep 1097 which records the translation of the relics of St Folquin[767]

 

 

Three [brothers]: 

1.         GUILLAUME [I] de Saint-Omer, son of --- (-before 1128)Châtelain de Saint-Omer.  Châtelain Guillaume witnessed the charter dated to [1097/1100] under which Clémence Ctss of Flanders granted land to "son neveu Anselme de Parenti"[768].  "…Willelmus castellanus Sancti Audomari, Rogerus castellanus Islensis, Geraufus castellanus Casletensis…Robertus nepos Rogeri castellani Islensis…" signed the charter dated 15 Feb 1113 under which Baudouin VII Count of Flanders attested that "Walterio Hisdinensi" had committed to defend the abbey of Saint-Silvin d’Auchy[769].  "…Willelmus castellanus Sancti Audomari, Hugo nepos eius, Gillebertus frater eius…" signed a charter dated 29 Nov 1121 under which Charles Count of Flanders donated property to the monastery of Bourbourg[770].  "…Willelmus castellanus de Sancto Audomaro, Hugo nepos eius, Giselbertus frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 7 Jul 1123 under which "Hugo de Sancto Paulo cognomen habens Campdaveine" donated property to the monastery of Bourbourg, in the presence of Charles Count of Flanders[771].  [m firstly ---.  No direct information has been found about this supposed first marriage.  However, Guillaume [I]’s supposed grandsons were already recorded, and therefore were probably adult, in the early 1140s (see below).  If this is correct, Hosto’s paternal grandmother would have probably been too old for a second marriage in [1128], when Guillaume [I]’s wife Aganitrude is recorded with her second husband.  This suggests that Guillaume [I]’s children were born from an earlier unrecorded first marriage.]  m [secondly] as her first husband, AGANITRUDE, daughter of ---.  Her family background and two marriages are confirmed by the Vita Karoli Comitis Flandriæ which records that, after Charles Count of Flanders was killed, Bertulf took refuge with "Alardi Warnesunensis" who had married "neptem illius Aganitrudem", adding that she was "castri…sancti Audomari quondam castellanam"[772].  This source does not specify the name of her first husband, but as the châtelain de Saint-Omer is named Guillaume in the sources dated between 1113 and 1126, it is likely that this was the Aganitrude’s husband.  She married secondly Alard de Warneton.  Guillaume [I] & his [first] wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME (-1143 or after).  "…Willelmo filio Willelmi castellani de Sancto Audomaro…" signed the charter dated 1126 under which Charles Count of Flanders and "Anselmus Hisdinensis consul" returned property to the abbey of Saint-Silvin d’Auchy[773]same person as…?  GUILLAUME [II] de Saint-Omer (-1143 or after)Châtelain de Saint-Omer.  "Willelmi castellani, Hostis et Willelmi fratris eius" signed the charter dated 1132 under which Thierry Count of Flanders exchanged land with the abbey of Saint-Bertin[774]

-        see below

2.         [son] .  The order of the signatories of the charter dated 29 Nov 1121 quoted below suggests that Gilbert was not the father of Hugues.  It is assumed that Hugues’s father was another brother of Châtelain Guillaume [I] but there could be other interpretations of the word "nepos" in this document.  m ---.  One child: 

a)         HUGUES (-after 7 Jul 1123).  "…Willelmus castellanus Sancti Audomari, Hugo nepos eius, Gillebertus frater eius…" signed a charter dated 29 Nov 1121 under which Charles Count of Flanders donated property to the monastery of Bourbourg[775].  "…Willelmus castellanus de Sancto Audomaro, Hugo nepos eius, Giselbertus frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 7 Jul 1123 under which "Hugo de Sancto Paulo cognomen habens Campdaveine" donated property to the monastery of Bourbourg, in the presence of Charles Count of Flanders[776]

3.         GISELBERT (-after 7 Jul 1123).  "…Willelmus castellanus Sancti Audomari, Hugo nepos eius, Gillebertus frater eius…" signed a charter dated 29 Nov 1121 under which Charles Count of Flanders donated property to the monastery of Bourbourg[777].  "…Willelmus castellanus de Sancto Audomaro, Hugo nepos eius, Giselbertus frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 7 Jul 1123 under which "Hugo de Sancto Paulo cognomen habens Campdaveine" donated property to the monastery of Bourbourg, in the presence of Charles Count of Flanders[778]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         HOSTO (-after 14 Apr 1127).  "…Hosto castellanus et Guillelmus frater eius, Robertus de Bethuna et Guilelmus filius eius, Anselmus de Hesdinio…Rogerus castellanus Insulensis et Robertus filius eius, Razo de Gavera, Daniel de Tenremont…Henricus de Brocborc, Eustachius advocatus et Arnulphus filius eius castellanus Gandavensis…" signed the charter dated 14 Apr 1127 under which Guillaume Count of Flanders granted privileges to the town of Saint-Omer[779]Châtelain de Saint-Omer.  Giry suggests that Hosto was not the son of Guillaume [I] Châtelain de Saint-Omer but that he should be identified with the unnamed "in Sancto Audomaro…castellanum", appointed by Guillaume Count of Flanders, whose injustices caused a rebellion in Feb 1128[780].  However, even if this suggested co-identity is correct, the text does not necessarily imply that Count Guillaume’s appointee was not related to the previous châtelain.  In addition, the unusual name Hosto is found among the sons of Châtelain Guillaume [II].  Nevertheless, the charter dated 1132, which records a land exchange between Thierry Count of Flanders and the abbey of Saint-Bertin, subscribed by "Willelmi castellani, Hostis et Willelmi fratris eius"[781], shows that Guillaume [II] Châtelain de Saint-Omer was not the same person as Guillaume brother of Hosto, assuming that "Hostis" in this charter was the same person as "Hosto castellanus" in the charter dated 14 Apr 1127. 

2.         GUILLAUME (-after 1132).  "…Hosto castellanus et Guillelmus frater eius, Robertus de Bethuna et Guilelmus filius eius, Anselmus de Hesdinio…Rogerus castellanus Insulensis et Robertus filius eius, Razo de Gavera, Daniel de Tenremont…Henricus de Brocborc, Eustachius advocatus et Arnulphus filius eius castellanus Gandavensis…" signed the charter dated 14 Apr 1127 under which Guillaume Count of Flanders granted privileges to the town of Saint-Omer[782].  "Willelmi castellani, Hostis et Willelmi fratris eius" signed the charter dated 1132 under which Thierry Count of Flanders exchanged land with the abbey of Saint-Bertin[783]

 

 

GUILLAUME [II] de Saint-Omer, son of [GUILLAUME [I] Châtelain de Saint-Omer] & his [first wife ---] (-1143 or after)Châtelain de Saint-Omer.  "Willelmi castellani, Hostis et Willelmi fratris eius" signed the charter dated 1132 under which Thierry Count of Flanders exchanged land with the abbey of Saint-Bertin[784].  "Willelmo quoque castellano et Waltero eius filio" signed the charter dated 1143 under which Thierry Count of Flanders exchanged land with the abbey of Saint-Omer[785]

m MELISENDE de Picquigny, daughter of ARNAUD de Picquigny & his wife ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "de…regis Francorum Karoli Magni stirpe et familia progenitam, Ernulphi vicedomini de Pinkinio filiam…Milesendem" as wife of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus"[786]

Guillaume [II] & his wife had ten children: 

1.         GAUTHIER de Fauquemberghes (-1174).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Willermum…Hostonem, Gerardum…Hugonem de Falkenberga, Walterum" as the five sons of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Gautier was "Tiberiadis vel Tabarie principem"[787].  "Willelmo quoque castellano et Waltero eius filio" signed the charter dated 1143 under which Thierry Count of Flanders exchanged land with the abbey of Saint-Omer[788].  This charter suggests that Gauthier was the oldest son of Guillaume [II], despite the order of children given in the Historia Comitum GhisnensiumChâtelain de Saint-Omer.  "Walterus castellanus Sancti Audomari" signed the charter dated 1145 under which Thierry Count of Flanders donated property to the abbey of Eaucourt[789].  "…Galteri castellani Sancti Audomari…" signed the charter dated 1151 under which Thierry Count of Flanders donated property to the town of Saint-Omer[790].  "Walterus castellanus Sancti Audomari…" signed the charter dated to [1157] under which Thierry Count of Flanders donated property to the town of Saint-Omer[791].  The assessed date of this charter may be incorrect assuming that the date of the next entry is correct, unless Gauthier returned to Flanders before journeying east once more before 1159.  William of Tyre records "Gauderus de Sancto-Aldemaro" among the magnates in Palestine present at the siege of Ascalon in 1153[792].  Lord of Tiberias 1159.  It is assumed that Gauthier appointed his brother Guillaume as his deputy in the châtellenie de Saint-Omer before travelling east.  According to later charters, Gauthier continued to use the title Châtelain de Saint-Omer (see the document JERUSALEM NOBILITY). 

-        PRINCES of GALILEE

2.         GUILLAUME [III] de Saint-Omer (-[1170/25 Apr 1178])The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Willermum…Hostonem, Gerardum…Hugonem de Falkenberga, Walterum" as the five sons of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Guillaume was later "Audomarensem castellanum"[793]Châtelain de Saint-Omer

-        see below

3.         HOSTO de Fauquemberghes (-after 1166).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Willermum…Hostonem, Gerardum…Hugonem de Falkenberga, Walterum" as the five sons of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife[794].  Knight of the Order of the Temple 1142/51.  In England 1142.  In Catalonia 1143.  In Palestine 1145. 

4.         GERARD de Fauquemberghes (-after 1147).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Willermum…Hostonem, Gerardum…Hugonem de Falkenberga, Walterum" as the five sons of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Gérard was "ecclesie sancti Audomari prepositum"[795]

5.         HUGUES de Fauquemberghes (-[before 1175]).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Willermum…Hostonem, Gerardum…Hugonem de Falkenberga, Walterum" as the five sons of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife[796]

6.         MATHILDE de Saint-Omer (-after [1145]).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Mathildis…Eufemia…Gisla de Monasteriolo…Luchgardis et Beatrix" as the five daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Mathilde married "Arnoldus Gandavensis" and brought Tournai as her dowry[797].  “Arnulfus…Gisnensium comes et Mathildis […de S. Audomaro] comitissa uxor mea et Balduinus filius meus” donated property to "Abbati Gunfrido de Claromaresch" by charter dated to [1145][798]m ARNOUL [I] Comte de Guines, son of WENEMAR [I] Burggraf van Gent & his second wife Gisela de Guines (-1169). 

7.         EUPHEMIA de Saint-Omer .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Mathildis…Eufemia…Gisla de Monasteriolo…Luchgardis et Beatrix" as the five daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Euphemia married "Balduino de Balliolo" and naming their six children "filios Gerardus et Hostonem et filias Adelidem de Comminiis, Mathildem in Anglia abbatissam de Warewella, Ylessendam et Margaretam"[799]m BAUDOUIN [I] de Bailleul, son of ---.  1116/46. 

8.         GISELA de Saint-Omer .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Mathildis…Eufemia…Gisla de Monasteriolo…Luchgardis et Beatrix" as the five daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife[800]m --- de Montreuil, son of ---. 

9.         LUTGARDE de Saint-Omer .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Mathildis…Eufemia…Gisla de Monasteriolo…Luchgardis et Beatrix" as the five daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Lutgarde and Beatrix were "in Astromensi monasterio sanctimoniales"[801].  Nun at Etrun. 

10.      BEATRIX de Saint-Omer .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Mathildis…Eufemia…Gisla de Monasteriolo…Luchgardis et Beatrix" as the five daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Lutgarde and Beatrix were "in Astromensi monasterio sanctimoniales"[802].  Nun at Etrun. 

 

 

GUILLAUME [III] de Saint-Omer, son of GUILLAUME [II] Châtelain de Saint-Omer & his wife Mélisende de Picquigny (-[1170/25 Apr 1178]).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Willermum…Hostonem, Gerardum…Hugonem de Falkenberga, Walterum" as the five sons of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Guillaume was later "Audomarensem castellanum"[803].  1132/70.  Châtelain de Saint-Omer.  It is assumed that Gauthier appointed his brother Guillaume as his deputy in the châtellenie de Saint-Omer before travelling east.  According to later charters, Gauthier continued to use the title Châtelain de Saint-Omer (see JERUSALEM NOBILITY).  "…Willelmi castellani Sancti Audomari…" signed the charter dated 22 Jan [1164/65] under which Philippe Count of Flanders confirmed a 22 Aug 1128 donation by his father, Count Thierry, to the town of Saint-Omer[804].  A charter dated 1172 records a dispute between "Willelmum castellanum Sancti Audomari" and the abbey of Saint-Bertin[805]

m MATHILDE, daughter of --- (-after 25 Apr 1178).  "Willelmus Audomarensis castellanus…cum Ida uxore mea et Matilde matre mea" regulated the conditions of the inhabitants of Froland and Hofland by charter dated 25 Apr 1178[806]

Guillaume [III] & his second wife had two children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [IV] de Saint-Omer (-in Palestine [1191/92]).  "Willelmo nepote castellani" is named in a charter dated 1157[807]Châtelain de Saint-Omer.  "…Willelmi castellani de Sancto Audomaro…" signed the charter dated [Apr/May] 1175 under which Philippe Count of Flanders confirmed pasturage rights of the abbey of Saint-Bertin[808].  "Willelmus Audomarensis castellanus…cum Ida uxore mea et Matilde matre mea" regulated the conditions of the inhabitants of Froland and Hofland by charter dated 25 Apr 1178[809].  Seigneur de Fauquemberques.  The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Willelmus castellani Sancti Audomari" among those who died in Palestine in [1191][810]m ([1170/71]) as her second husband, IDA d'Avesnes, widow of ENGUERRAND Comte de Saint Pol, daughter of NICOLAS Seigneur d'Avesnes & his wife Mathilde de la Roche [Namur] (-[1205]).  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "Iacobum et Idam castellanam Sancti Audemari" as children of "Nicolao de Avenes" & his wife[811].  The Chronicon Hanoniense refers to the daughter of "Nicholaus filius [Walteri…de Avethnes]" & his wife as "Willelmo…castellano Sancti Audomari maritatam"[812].  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "Nicolaus Plukellus…filiam…Ydam" married "castellano Sancti Audomaro Wilelmo"[813].  Guillaume [IV] & his wife had ten children:

a)         GUILLAUME [V] de Saint-Omer ([1170/71]-[Mar 1245/1 Aug 1247])The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "castellano Sancti-Audomari domino Wilelmo" and his wife had five sons, of whom "primogenitus Wilelmus" succeeded his father[814].  His birth date is estimated from a charter dated 1186 under which "Guillaume châtelain de Saint-Omer, sa femme Ide et leur fils Guillaume", who "iam quantum decimum transegit annum", donated property to the abbey of Andres[815]Châtelain de Saint-Omer.  Guillaume Châtelain de Saint-Omer donated property to the abbey of Saint-André, with the consent of "fratrum meorum Galteri…prepositi ecclesie sancti Audomari, Jacobi, Willelmi, Nicholai", by charter dated Apr 1207[816].  "Willelmus Sancti Audomari castellanus" granted land and pasturage rights to the burgers of Saint-Omer by charter dated Mar [1210/11], signed by "Jacobi fratris mei"[817].  Seigneur de Beaurain 1207.  Seigneur de Fauquemberques 1209.  "Willelmus Sancti Audomari castellanus" granted land and pasturage rights to the burgers of Saint-Omer by charter dated Sep 1218[818].  "…W. castellanus Sancti Odomari, Willelmus frater eius…" agreed to submit to the decision of the mediator in the affair of the succession of Marguerite Ctss of Flanders charter dated Mar [1245/46][819]m (before Apr 1208) IMAGINE [Ismenia] de Looz, daughter of GERARD [II] Comte de Looz, Graf von Rieneck Burggraf von Mainz & his wife Adelheid van Gelderland (-after Aug 1244).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "castellano Sancti-Audomari domino Wilelmoprimogenitus Wilelmus" married "sororem comitis Lossensis Imaginam" but died childless[820].  "Willelmus S. Aud. castellanus et Ismenia uxor mea" abandoned marshes to the abbey of Saint-Bertin by charter dated Apr 1208[821].  "Guillemus S. Aud. castellanus et Ysmena uxor mea" exempted the inhabitants of Fauquemberghes from taxes after a fire by charter dated May 1222[822].  Her date of death is set by a charter dated Aug 1244 under which Guillaume Châtelain de Saint-Omer made arrangements for the dower of his wife if his brother predeceased her[823].  Guillaume [V] & his wife had one child: 

b)         JACQUES de Saint-Omer (-[1219/20]).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "castellano Sancti-Audomari domino Wilelmo" and his wife had five sons, of whom "quartus…Jacobus"[824].  Despite the order of birth stating in this genealogy, the charter dated Apr 1207, under which Guillaume Châtelain de Saint-Omer donated property to the abbey of Saint-André with the consent of "fratrum meorum Galteri…prepositi ecclesie sancti Audomari, Jacobi, Willelmi, Nicholai"[825], appears to establish that Jacques was older than his brother Guillaume.  "Willelmus Sancti Audomari castellanus" granted land and pasturage rights to the burgers of Saint-Omer by charter dated Mar [1210/11], signed by "Jacobi fratris mei"[826].  The date of his death is set by the charter dated 1220 under which his brother Guillaume Châtelain de Saint-Omer "seigneur de Prisches" renewed the ratification by Clémence, wife of Jacques, of her husband’s sale to the abbey of Maroilles[827]m [firstly] CLEMENCE de Dammartin, daughter of AUBRY [II] Comte de Dammartin & his wife Mathilde [Mabile] de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis (-after Jun 1218).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "castellano Sancti-Audomari domino Wilelmoquartus filius Jacobus" married "Constantiam, sororem comitis Renaldi de Dommartin" who died childless[828].  "Clémence femme de Jacques de Prisches" ratified her husband’s sale to the abbey of Maroilles by charter dated Jun 1218[829].  [m secondly (after Jun 1218) as her second husband, [ELISABETH, widow of GEOFFROY de Villehardouin Prince of Achaia,] daughter of [CLAREMBAUD de Chappes & his wife Elisabeth de Traînel].  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "castellano Sancti-Audomari domino Wilelmoquartus filius Jacobus" married secondly "principissam Achayæ" by whom he had no children[830].  If this source is correct, from a chronological point of view the widow of Geoffroy de Villehardouin Prince of Achaia was the only person at that time who could be referred to as "principissam Achayæ".  However, the date of Geoffroy’s death is uncertain, either in [1218] or later (see GREECE, LATIN LORDSHIPS for a discussion of the question).  If the former date is correct, there was little time for his widow’s second marriage before Jacques was killed.  If Geoffroy died after this date, the reported second marriage would of course have been impossible.  In any case, as shown above Jacques’s first wife is recording as living in a charter dated Jun 1218[831].] 

c)         GUILLAUME [VI] de Saint-Omer (-[1247/Jul 1251]).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "castellano Sancti-Audomari domino Wilelmo" and his wife had five sons, of whom the second "similiter Wilelmus" succeeded his brother, adding in a later passage that he also died childless[832].  Despite the order of birth stating in this genealogy, the charter dated Apr 1207, under which Guillaume Châtelain de Saint-Omer donated property to the abbey of Saint-André with the consent of "fratrum meorum Galteri…prepositi ecclesie sancti Audomari, Jacobi, Willelmi, Nicholai"[833], appears to establish that the second Guillaume was younger than his brother Jacques.  Seigneur de Pitgam et de Berquin.  On crusade 1218/20.  "Willermus miles dominus de Pitgham et de Berkin frater domini Willelmi castellani sancti Audomari" donated property to the church of Watten by charter dated Nov 1242[834].  "…W. castellanus Sancti Odomari, Willelmus frater eius…" agreed to submit to the decision of the mediator in the affair of the succession of Marguerite Ctss of Flanders charter dated Mar [1245/46][835]Châtelain de Saint-Omer

d)         GAUTHIER de Saint-Omer (-killed in battle Palestine [1218]).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "castellano Sancti-Audomari domino Wilelmo" and his wife had five sons, of whom "tertius…Galterus" was "clericus…et præpositus ecclesiæ Sancti-Audomari", adding that he was killed "a Saracenis"[836].  Guillaume Châtelain de Saint-Omer donated property to the abbey of Saint-André, with the consent of "fratrum meorum Galteri…prepositi ecclesie sancti Audomari, Jacobi, Willelmi, Nicholai", by charter dated Apr 1207[837].  Although this document appears to establish the correct order of birth of the brothers Jacques and the second Guillaume, no conclusion can be drawn concerning the position of Gauthier in the family because of the precedence normally given in contemporary documentation to sons who followed a religious career irrespective of their actual order of birth in a family.  Provost of Sainte-Marie, Saint-Omer. 

e)         NICOLAS [I] de Saint-Omer (-[1217/19])The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "castellano Sancti-Audomari domino Wilelmo" and his wife had five sons, of whom "quintus…Nicolaus"[838].  Guillaume Châtelain de Saint-Omer donated property to the abbey of Saint-André, with the consent of "fratrum meorum Galteri…prepositi ecclesie sancti Audomari, Jacobi, Willelmi, Nicholai", by charter dated Apr 1207[839].  Lord of Boetia. 

-        LORDS of THEBES

f)          BEATRIX de Saint-Omer (-26 Apr 1254).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis names "Beatrix" as sixth daughter of "castellano Sancti-Audomari domino Wilelmo" and his wife, adding that she married "domino Philippo de Aria, fratri domini Balduini de Aria" and naming their descendants, and in a later passage that she succeeded to the châtellenie de Saint-Omer after the death of her brother Guillaume [VI] without direct heirs[840].  "Willelmus s. Aud. castellanus" set the dowry for his four daughters by charter dated to before 1190, granting an additional third to "Beatrici"[841], which suggests that she was the oldest daughter.  This is confirmed by her inheritance of the châtellenie of Saint-Omer after the death of her brother.  Dame de la Jumelle 1216.  Châtelaine de Saint-Omer et Dame de Fauquemberques.  "Beatrix castellana sancti Audomari" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Augustin-lez-Térouane, with the consent of "Mathildis filie mee et heredis nec non et Willermi predicte Mathildis primogeniti filii et heredis", by charter dated Jul 1251[842].  "Beatrix castellana S. A., Mathildis domina de Relenghes et heres dicte Beatricis et Willermus de Relenges castellanus sancti Audomari et dominus de Falcoberga" confirmed a sale of property by Guillaume de Danebrueet to Didier de la Porte by charter dated Dec 1251[843].  The obituary of Saint-André-lez-Aire records her death 26 Apr 1254[844].  Her descendants are noted in detail by Giry[845].  An order of parlement dated 1365, relating to a dispute concerning the county of Faucquemberghe and châtellenie of Saint-Omer, records that "Guillelmus comes Falsibergensis et castellanus S. Audomari" had married "quandam filiam comitis tunc Guinarum", by whom he had "filius…Guillelmus et…filia Mathildis", that their son Guillaume had married "filiam domini de Varenis" and had "filia…Alienor" who married "domino de Gaure" by whom she had "Beatrix uxor quondam dicti defensoris [=Roberto domino de Fienlis consanguineo nostro constabulario Franciæ]", and that Mathilde had married "castellano eo tempore de Bellomonte (nomine Balduino) patre Florencii quondam comitis dicti loci patris dicti actoris [=Sansone de Bellomonte milite comite Falsibergensi]"[846]m (before 1203) PHILIPPE d'Aires, son of --- (-before Mar 1211). 

g)         MATHILDE de Saint-Omer (-after May 1241).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis names "Machtildis" as eldest daughter of "castellano Sancti-Audomari domino Wilelmo" and his wife, adding that she married "advocato Morinensi" but died childless[847]m [ARNOUL [IV] avoué de Thérouanne, son of ---]. 

h)         IDA de Saint-Omer (-after 1222).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis names "Yda" as second daughter of "castellano Sancti-Audomari domino Wilelmo" and his wife, adding that she married "præposito Duacensi" by whom she had one daughter "Ydam" who married "Alardo de Antoing", and secondly “domino Henrico de Hondescote” (and naming their descendants)[848]m firstly (before 1207) GERARD [III] Prévôt de Douai, son of --- (-after Sep 1221).  m secondly HENDRIK Heer van Hondescote, son of ---. 

i)          AGNES de Saint-Omer (-1249 or after).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis names "Agnes" as third daughter of "castellano Sancti-Audomari domino Wilelmo" and his wife, adding that she was "abbatissa…apud Messines in Flandria"[849].  Abbess of Messines. 

j)          ALAIS de Saint-Omer (-after 1218).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis names "Alaydis" as fourth daughter of "castellano Sancti-Audomari domino Wilelmo" and his wife, adding that she married "Balduino de Creki" (as his second wife) and secondly "domino Anselmo de Lomviler domino de Kahen", naming her descendants by both marriages[850]m firstly as his second wife, BAUDOUIN [I] de Créquy, son of --- (-after 1198).  m secondly ([1200]) ANSEAU [IV] de Cayeux Seigneur de Longvilliers, son of ARNOUL [I] de Cayeux Seigneur de Longvilliers & his wife Adelis de Bavelinghem (-after 1221). 

k)         MARGUERITE de Saint-Omer .  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis names "Margareta" as fifth daughter of "castellano Sancti-Audomari domino Wilelmo" and his wife, adding that she married "Balduino de Creki, filio domini Balduini ex uxore prima" and naming their descendants[851]m BAUDOUIN [II] de Créquy, son of BAUDOUIN [I] de Créquy & his first wife ---.   

2.         [AGNES] de Saint-Omer .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   1166.  m GAUTHIER de Courtrai, son of ---.  1162/73. 

 

 

Two brothers, whose names suggest a relationship with the family of the châtelains de Saint-Omer: 

1.         WALTER de Faukenberge .  The prior of Bullingham issued a quitclaim to "Waltero de Faukenberge et uxori sue Agneti et heredibus suis" relating to "totum tenementum de Maubertorp quod Simon filius Simonis [de Kyme] dedit nobis" by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Willelmo fratre Walteri de Faukenberge…"[852]m AGNES, daughter of ---.  The prior of Bullingham issued a quitclaim to "Waltero de Faukenberge et uxori sue Agneti et heredibus suis" relating to "totum tenementum de Maubertorp quod Simon filius Simonis [de Kyme] dedit nobis" by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Willelmo fratre Walteri de Faukenberge…"[853]

2.         WILLIAM de Faukenberge .  The prior of Bullingham issued a quitclaim to "Waltero de Faukenberge et uxori sue Agneti et heredibus suis" relating to "totum tenementum de Maubertorp quod Simon filius Simonis [de Kyme] dedit nobis" by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Willelmo fratre Walteri de Faukenberge…"[854]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    COMTES de GUINES

 

 

A.      COMTES de GUINES

 

 

The county of Guines was founded in 928 by the Viking Siegfried in the northern coastal part of the county of Boulogne, his descendants in the male line continuing to rule the county, according to the Historia Comitum Ghisnensium, until 1137.  In the following decade, the county passed by marriage to the family of the Burggraafen of Gent who continued to rule there until the late 13th century. 

 

The history of the family of the Comtes de Guines is recounted in the Historia Comitum Ghisnensium written at the end of the 12th century by Lambert of Ardres, whose family was closely related to Guines family[855].  The Historia is one of the few examples of a European primary source from this period which deals almost exclusively with a relatively obscure provincial noble family.  The narrative concerning the earlier generations is full of apparent inaccuracies.  Where comparison with other sources is possible, numerous inconsistencies can be observed, which does not raise the confidence level concerning other information contained in the Historia.  Until the succession of Baudouin [I] Comte de Guines in the latter part of the 11th century, little of the information on the supposed early comtes de Guines can be corroborated.  It should therefore be treated with considerable caution, although there is no indication whether the author of the Historia may have had access to other sources, which have since disappeared, for the earlier years. 

 

 

Two supposed brothers.  It is unlikely that they were historical figures.  Their existence has not been confirmed by other primary sources apart from Historia Comitum Ghisnensium, the earlier parts of which are unreliable. 

1.         [WALBERT, son of --- .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Walbertus comes" specifying that he occupied "Pontivi comitatum et Sancti Pauli"[856]m ---.  The name of Walbert's wife is not known.  Walbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERTIN .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "filio suo [=Walberti comitis] Bertino"[857].] 

2.         [PHARUS .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "sanctus Pharo frater eiusdem Walberti" specifying that he was later "episcopus…Meldensis"[858].] 

 

 

1.         SIEGFRIED, son of --- (-[965]).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Sifridus" specifying that he was of Danish origin and "de eiusdem Walberti cognatione progenitus"[859].  His precise relationship with Walbert has not been identified.  He was installed as Comte de Guines in 928.  m ([960/65]) ELSTRUDE de Flandre, daughter of ARNOUL I Count of Flanders & his [second] wife Adela de Vermandois (-966[860] or after).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "comes Balduinus sororem…Elstrudem" as wife of "Sifridus"[861].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "comes Balduinus sororem…Elstrudem" as wife of "Sifridus"[862].  According to the Chronica Monasterii Sancti Bertini, the couple were never married, their son Ardolf being illegitimate[863].  Comte Siegfried & his wife had one child: 

a)         ARDOLF de Guines (posthumously 966-).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Ardolphus" as son of "Elstrudis", specifying that he was born posthumously[864]Comte de Guines.  "…Theoderico comite, Arnulfo comite, Artoldo comite, Baldwino comite, item Arnulfo comite…" signed the charter dated 1 Apr 988 under which "Baldwinus marchysus cum matre sua Susanna" donated "villam Aflingehem…jacentem in pago Tornacinse" to Saint-Pierre de Gand, after the death of "Arnulfi marchysi"[865].  The editor of the edition consulted suggests that "Artoldo comite" was Ardolf Comte de Guines.  m MATHILDE de Boulogne, daughter of ERNICULE de Boulogne & his wife ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Bolonie comitis Erniculi filiam Mathildem" as wife of "Ardolphus"[866].  Comte Ardolf & his wife had two children: 

i)          RAOUL de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Radulphum et Rogerum" as the two sons of "comiti Ghisnensi Ardolpho" & his wife[867]

-         see below

ii)         ROGER de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Radulphum et Rogerum" as the two sons of "comiti Ghisnensi Ardolpho" & his wife, specifying that Roger, the younger, died "antequam pubescerat iuvenis"[868]

 

 

RAOUL de Guines, son of ARDOLF Comte de Guines & his wife Mathilde de Boulogne .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Radulphum et Rogerum" as the two sons of "comiti Ghisnensi Ardolpho" & his wife[869].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Guines

m ROSELLA, daughter of [HUGUES [I] Comte de Saint-Pol & his wife ---].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "filiam comitis Sancti Pauli…Hugonis…Rosellam" as wife of "Radulphus [comes Ghisnensi]"[870].  As noted in the chapter in the present document which records the Comtes de Saint-Pol, the existence of Hugues [I] Comte de Saint-Pol should be treated with caution.  The accuracy of the Historia’s information concerning his supposed daughter is not known. 

Comte Raoul & his wife had one child: 

1.         EUSTACHE de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Eustacium" as son of "Radulphus [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife[871].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Guinesm SUSANNE de Grimminge, daughter of SIGER de Grimminge, camerarius of Flanders & his wife ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Flandrie camerarii Sigeri de Gherminiis filiam…Susannam" as wife of "Eustacius [comes Ghisnensi]"[872].  Comte Eustache & his wife had five children: 

a)         BAUDOUIN de Guines (-before 1097).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Balduinum, Willelmum et Reinelmum, Adelam et Beatricem" as the children of "Eustacius [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife[873].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Guines

-        see below

b)         GUILLAUME de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Balduinum, Willelmum et Reinelmum, Adelam et Beatricem" as the children of "Eustacius [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife[874]

c)         REINEL de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Balduinum, Willelmum et Reinelmum, Adelam et Beatricem" as the children of "Eustacius [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife[875]

d)         ADELA de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Balduinum, Willelmum et Reinelmum, Adelam et Beatricem" as the children of "Eustacius [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife[876]

e)         BEATRIX de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Balduinum, Willelmum et Reinelmum, Adelam et Beatricem" as the children of "Eustacius [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife[877]

 

 

BAUDOUIN de Guines, son of EUSTACHE Comte de Guines & his wife Susanne de Grimmingen (-before 1097).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Balduinum, Willelmum et Reinelmum, Adelam et Beatricem" as the children of "Eustacius [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife[878].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Guines.  An undated charter records donations to the chapel of Notre-Dame "in castro Gisnensi", including the donation made by "Balduinus comes Gisnensis" of "duas mansiones in castro supra dicto et terram de Hautingahem…" with the consent of "filiis suis Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone et Mathilde", witnessed by "Ida Boloniensi comitissa, Ernulfo de Arda, Elemberto vicecomite, Mauritio et Alulpho filio eius…"[879].  "Balduini comitis et uxoris sive filiorum" donated property to "monachorum cœnobii S. Salvatoris Carosensis" by charter dated 1084[880].  The cartulary of the abbey of Charroux records the founding of the abbey of Ardres by "Balduinius comes Gisnensis" in 1097, confirmed following his death by "filius eius Manasses", the charter being subscribed by "Hugo archidiaconus frater Manassis comitis…Fulco frater comitis"[881].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records the death of "Balduinus" and his burial "cum duobus filiis suis Widone et Hugone, Andrie"[882]

m ADELA [Christina] [of Holland, daughter of FLORIS I Count [of Holland] & his wife Gertrud of Saxony] (-1085).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "viri Lotharie et milicie ducis florigeri Florentini filiam Adelam…dicta Cristiana" as wife of "Balduinum [comem Ghisnensi]"[883].  The passage contains no direct reference to the Counts of Holland, although the first name "Florentinus" is indicative and has not been found in other contemporary noble families.  If Adela belonged to the family of the Counts of Holland, the text is chronologically consistent with Count Floris I being her father.  This hypothesis assumes that the text correctly names Adela's father in the first place.  This is far from certain in light of the numerous inaccuracies and inconsistencies in the early parts of the Historia.  In addition, none of the names typically associated with the family of the Counts of Holland are found among the couple's descendants.  Jean Bishop of Tournai confirmed the foundation of the monastery of Andres by "Balduinum piæ memoriæ comitem Gisnensem uxoremque eius Athelam" by charter dated 1122 which names "filiisque eius Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone"[884]

Comte Baudouin & his wife had seven children: 

1.         ROBERT [Manassès] de Guines (-Ardres 1137).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Robertus…dictus est Manasses…Fulconem …Guidonem…Hugonem…Adelidem quoque Samurensem et Ghislam Gandavensem" as children of "Balduinus [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife[885].  An undated charter records donations to the chapel of Notre-Dame "in castro Gisnensi", including the donation made by "Balduinus comes Gisnensis" of "duas mansiones in castro supra dicto et terram de Hautingahem…" with the consent of "filiis suis Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone et Mathilde"[886].  The cartulary of the abbey of Charroux records the founding of the abbey of Ardres by "Balduinius comes Gisnensis" in 1097, confirmed following his death by "filius eius Manasses", the charter being subscribed by "Hugo archidiaconus frater Manassis comitis…Fulco frater comitis"[887].  No explanation has so far been found for Robert's use of the alternative name Manassès.  He succeeded his father as Comte de Guines.  A charter dated 1097 records that "Balduinus comes Gisnensis" founded the monastery of Andres, confirmed after his death by "filius eius Manasses", witnessed by "Hugo archidiaconus frater Manassæ comitis…Fulco frater comitis…"[888].  “Manasses Gisnensis comes et Emma uxor eius…filia Willielmi de Arras” founded Redlingfield priory by charter dated 1120, witnessed by “Widonis fratris mei, Rosæ filiæ meæ[889].  Jean Bishop of Tournai confirmed the foundation of the monastery of Andres by "Balduinum piæ memoriæ comitem Gisnensem uxoremque eius Athelam" by charter dated 1122 which names "filiisque eius Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone"[890].  “Manasses…Gisnensium comes…cum uxore mea Emma et filia Rosa” confirmed possessions of Andres by undated charter[891].  "Manasses Gisnensium comes et Emma comitissa" granted the administration of the church of Saint-Léonard to Saint-Bertin by charter dated 1129[892].  “...Manasses de Guines...” witnessed the charter dated Jul 1129 under which “Hugo castellanus de Cambrai et dom. de Oisy” donated property to Mont Saint-Eloi[893].  “Manasses Gisnensium comes, Emma comitissa, Henricus castellanus de Brochborc, Livildis mater sua, Mathildis, Adaliza, sorores suæ…” witnessed the charter dated 1130 under which "Henricus de Campanies" donated property to Andres[894].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records the death of Manassès and his burial "in Andrie monasterio"[895]m (before 1106) as her second husband, EMMA d'Arques, widow of NELE de Muneville, daughter of GUILLAUME Vicomte d'Arques Lord of Folkestone & his wife Beatrix Malet (-after 1140).  “Manasses Gisnensis comes et Emma uxor eius…filia Willielmi de Arras” founded Redlingfield priory by charter dated 1120, witnessed by “Widonis fratris mei, Rosæ filiæ meæ[896].  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Emmam filiam Roberti camerarii de Tancarvilla in Normannia, viduam Odonis de Folkestane in Anglia" as wife of "Manasses"[897], which appears to be incorrect.  "Manasses Gisnensium comes et Emma comitissa" granted the administration of the church of Saint-Léonard to Saint-Bertin by charter dated 1129[898].  “Manasses…Gisnensium comes…cum uxore mea Emma et filia Rosa” confirmed possessions of Andres by undated charter[899].  “Manasses Gisnensium comes, Emma comitissa, Henricus castellanus de Brochborc, Livildis mater sua, Mathildis, Adaliza, sorores suæ…” witnessed the charter dated 1130 under which "Henricus de Campanies" donated property to Andres[900].  According to Domesday Descendants she became a nun at Saint-Leonard de Guines after the death of her second husband[901].  Comte Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         SIBYLLE [Rose] de Guines (-after 1120).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Sibillam…Rosam nominatam" as the only daughter of "Manasses [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife, naming her husband "castellano Broburgensi Henrico" and specifying that she was buried "in monasterio beate Marie de Capella"[902].  “Manasses Gisnensis comes et Emma uxor eius…filia Willielmi de Arras” founded Redlingfield priory by charter dated 1120, witnessed by “Widonis fratris mei, Rosæ filiæ meæ[903].  “Manasses…Gisnensium comes…cum uxore mea Emma et filia Rosa” confirmed possessions of Andres by undated charter[904]m as his first wife, HENRI Châtelain de Bourbourg, son of THEMARD Châtelain de Bourbourg & his wife Livildis --- (-after 1162, bur Saint-Bertin). 

Comte Robert had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

b)         ADELAIDE .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Adelidem" as daughter of "Manasses [comes Ghisnensi]" and "puella apud Ghisnas oriunda", naming her husband "Eustacio filio Heremari de Balinghehen" and their six children[905]m EUSTACHE de Bavelinghem, son of HEREMAR de Bavalinghem & his wife ---. 

2.         FOULQUES de Guines (-[1122/25], bur Beirut).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Robertus…dictus est Manasses…Fulconem… Guidonem…Hugonem…Adelidem quoque Samurensem et Ghislam Gandavensem" as children of "Balduinus [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife, specifying that Foulques "in terra promissionis comitem apud Baruth" and was buried there[906].  An undated charter records donations to the chapel of Notre-Dame "in castro Gisnensi", including the donation made by "Balduinus comes Gisnensis" of "duas mansiones in castro supra dicto et terram de Hautingahem…" with the consent of "filiis suis Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone et Mathilde"[907].  A charter dated 1097 records that "Balduinus comes Gisnensis" founded the monastery of Andres, confirmed after his death by "filius eius Manasses", witnessed by "Hugo archidiaconus frater Manassæ comitis…Fulco frater comitis…"[908].  He was installed as Lord of Beirut after the capture of the city in 1110.  Jean Bishop of Tournai confirmed the foundation of the monastery of Andres by "Balduinum piæ memoriæ comitem Gisnensem uxoremque eius Athelam" by charter dated 1122 which names "filiisque eius Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone"[909]

3.         GUY de Guines (-after 1120, bur Andria).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Robertus…dictus est Manasses…Fulconem… Guidonem…Hugonem…Adelidem quoque Samurensem et Ghislam Gandavensem" as children of "Balduinus [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife, specifying that Guy was "comitem de Forois" but buried "in Andria"[910].  An undated charter records donations to the chapel of Notre-Dame "in castro Gisnensi", including the donation made by "Balduinus comes Gisnensis" of "duas mansiones in castro supra dicto et terram de Hautingahem…" with the consent of "filiis suis Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone et Mathilde"[911].  “Manasses Gisnensis comes et Emma uxor eius…filia Willielmi de Arras” founded Redlingfield priory by charter dated 1120, witnessed by “Widonis fratris mei, Rosæ filiæ meæ[912].  Jean Bishop of Tournai confirmed the foundation of the monastery of Andres by "Balduinum piæ memoriæ comitem Gisnensem uxoremque eius Athelam" by charter dated 1122 which names "filiisque eius Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone"[913]

4.         HUGUES de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Robertus…dictus est Manasses…Fulconem… Guidonem…Hugonem…Adelidem quoque Samurensem et Ghislam Gandavensem" as children of "Balduinus [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife, specifying that Hugues was "Morinensis ecclesie archidiaconum" but later became a knight and was buried "in Andria"[914].  An undated charter records donations to the chapel of Notre-Dame "in castro Gisnensi", including the donation made by "Balduinus comes Gisnensis" of "duas mansiones in castro supra dicto et terram de Hautingahem…" with the consent of "filiis suis Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone et Mathilde"[915].  A charter dated 1097 records that "Balduinus comes Gisnensis" founded the monastery of Andres, confirmed after his death by "filius eius Manasses", witnessed by "Hugo archidiaconus frater Manassæ comitis…Fulco frater comitis…"[916].  Jean Bishop of Tournai confirmed the foundation of the monastery of Andres by "Balduinum piæ memoriæ comitem Gisnensem uxoremque eius Athelam" by charter dated 1122 which names "filiisque eius Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone"[917]

5.         MATHILDE de Guines .  An undated charter records donations to the chapel of Notre-Dame "in castro Gisnensi", including the donation made by "Balduinus comes Gisnensis" of "duas mansiones in castro supra dicto et terram de Hautingahem…" with the consent of "filiis suis Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone et Mathilde"[918]

6.         ADELAIDE de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Robertus…dictus est Manasses…Fulconem… Guidonem…Hugonem…Adelidem quoque Samurensem et Ghislam Gandavensem" as children of "Balduinus [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife, specifying that her marriage with "Samurensi domino Galfrido" was arranged by "Parisiensis episcopi Guiffredi, Boloniensis comitis Eustacii fratris" to whom she was "cognata et consanguinea"[919].  This text cannot be taken as completely conclusive about Adelaide's marriage as a 12th century genealogy of the Semur family names "comte Renaud" (without giving any territorial epithet) as father of Adelaide, wife of Geoffrey de Semur[920].  Nevertheless, the precision of the text of the Historia relating to Adelaide's marriage does suggest some reliability, despite the many inaccuracies in other parts of the narrative concerning the earlier generations of the family of the Comtes de Guines.  The reference to Geoffroy de Boulogne (appointed Bishop of Paris in 1061, died 1095) provides a good chronological link to Seigneur Geoffroy [IV], assuming the marriage was arranged towards the end of the bishop's life.  m (before 1095) GEOFFROY [IV] Seigneur de Semur, son of GEOFFROY [III] Seigneur de Semur & his wife Ermengard de Semur (-[1070/80], bur Marcigny). 

7.         GISELA de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Robertus…dictus est Manasses…Fulconem… Guidonem…Hugonem…Adelidem quoque Samurensem et Ghislam Gandavensem" as children of "Balduinus [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife, naming "Gandavensis oppidi castellanus…Winemarus" as husband of Gisela[921]m as his second wife, WENEMAR van Gent, son of [922][LAMBERT [II] Burggraf van Gent & his wife Geyla ---] (-1118 or after). 

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de GUINES (GENT)

 

 

ARNOUL van Gent, son of WENEMAR [I] Burggraf van Gent & his second wife Gisela de Guines (-Newton, England 1169, bur Saint-Inglevert).  He succeeded as Comte de Guines in 1146 after his great-niece Beatrix de Bourbourg was divorced by her first husband Aubrey [III] de Vere Earl of Oxford, who had been Comte de Guines de iure uxoris.  "Arnoudus comes Ghisnensis" granted tax exemptions in his county to Gant Saint-Pierre by charter dated to [1127/69], signed by "Walterus comes, Alelmus de Ghisnes…Arnulfus vicecomes…"[923].  “Arnulfus…Gisnensium comes et Mathildis […de S. Audomaro] comitissa uxor mea et Balduinus filius meus” donated property to "Abbati Gunfrido de Claromaresch" by charter dated to [1145][924].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records the death of "comes Arnoldus" in 1169[925].  The Chronica Andrensis records the death of "Arnoldus comes Gisnensis" while in England "in propria mansione sua apud Nevetona" and his burial "in Sontingeveld"[926]

m MATHILDE de Saint-Omer, daughter of GUILLAUME [II] Châtelain de Saint-Omer & his wife Mélisende de Picquigny (-after [1145]).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Mathildis" as daughter of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Mathilde married "Arnoldus Gandavensis" and brought Tournai as her dowry[927].  “Arnulfus…Gisnensium comes et Mathildis […de S. Audomaro] comitissa uxor mea et Balduinus filius meus” donated property to "Abbati Gunfrido de Claromaresch" by charter dated to [1145][928]

Comte Arnoul & his wife had thirteen children: 

1.         BAUDOUIN [II] de Guines (-2 Jan 1205, bur Andres).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Balduinum, Willelmum…et Manassem et Sigerum et Arnoldum" as the sons of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife[929].  He succeeded his father in 1169 as Comte de Guines

-        see below

2.         GUILLAUME de Guines (-after 1217).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Balduinum, Willelmum…et Manassem et Sigerum et Arnoldum" as the sons of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife[930].  “Balduinus comes Gisnensis” exchanged land with the monastery of Andres by charter dated to [1170], witnessed by "Willelmus frater meus, Ernulfus et Willelmus filii mei…"[931].  “Balduinus comes Gisnensis” donated property to Andres abbey by charter dated 1202 witnessed by "Willelmus frater meus, Balduinus filius meus, Gusfridus filius meus, Balduinus filius Willelmi fratris mei…"[932].  The Chronica Andrensis names "Willelmus de Gisnes senior…domini comitis Balduini frater germanus" in 1217[933]m FLANDRINE, daughter of ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Flandrinam comitis Sancti-Pauli Hugonis neptem" as wife of "Willelmum de Ghisnis [filium Willelmi Andomarensis castellanus]"[934].  The chronology of the families suggests that “neptis” in this case should be interpreted as indicating grand-daughter rather than niece.  No other direct indication has been found of Flandrine’s parentage and presumably she could have been the daughter of any of the other children of Hugues [III] Comte de Saint-Pol.  Du Chesne suggests that Flandrine was the daughter of Robert de Coucy Seigneur de Boves, who was married to Beatrix daughter of Comte Hugues by his second marriage, but he provides no credible explanation for selecting Beatrix and Robert as her parents rather than any other child of Hugues[935].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Flandrine was the daughter of Anselme Comte de Saint-Pol, son of Comte Hugues by his first marriage, adding the date “1202” (applied also to two other daughters Marie and Beatrix, but the primary source which this date refers has not been identified)[936].  Until more information comes to light, it is preferable to show Flandrine’s parentage in general terms only.  Mistress (1): MARGUERITE d’Ardres, daughter of BAUDOUIN d’Ardres & his second wife Natalie ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Margaretam” who was the mother of “Balduinus Bastardus Willelmi fratris Ghisnensis comitis Balduini filius” and of “Werinus, Werini Morinensis ecclesie canonici filius[937].  Guillaume & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [BAUDOUIN de Guines (-after 1202).  “Balduinus comes Gisnensis” donated property to Andres abbey by charter dated 1202 witnessed by "Willelmus frater meus, Balduinus filius meus, Gusfridus filius meus, Balduinus filius Willelmi fratris mei…"[938].  It is not clear whether this person was different from Guillaume’s illegitimate son of the same name, see below.] 

b)         GUILLAUME de Guines .  The Chronica Andrensis names "Willelmus de Gisnes miles, supradicti domini Willelmi filius" in 1218[939]

Guillaume had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1): 

c)          BAUDOUIN bâtard de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Margaretam” who was the mother of “Balduinus Bastardus Willelmi fratris Ghisnensis comitis Balduini filius” and of “Werinus, Werini Morinensis ecclesie canonici filius[940]. 

3.         MANASSES de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Balduinum, Willelmum…et Manassem et Sigerum et Arnoldum" as the sons of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife[941]

4.         SIGER de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Balduinum, Willelmum…et Manassem et Sigerum et Arnoldum" as the sons of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife[942]

5.         ARNOUL de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Balduinum, Willelmum…et Manassem et Sigerum et Arnoldum" as the sons of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Arnoul died "adolescentum"[943]

6.         MARGUERITE de Guines (-1222).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Margaretam…Beatricem…Adelidem …Eufemiam et Luthgaudam…Mathildem…Ghislam…Agnetem" as the eight daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Marguerite married firstly "Eustacio de Fielnis" and secondly "Rogero Curtracensi castellano"[944].  "Margareta quondam castellana Curtracensis" donated revenue to Gant Saint-Pierre by undated charter[945].  A charter dated to [1201/09] records the donation by "nobilis matrona Margareta…castellana Curtracensis" to Gant Saint-Pierre for the anniversary of "domini Eustachii primi mariti eiusdem matrone"[946]m firstly EUSTACHE [III] de Fiennes, son of EUSTACHE [II] Seigneur de Fiennes & his wife ---.  m secondly ROGER [I] Châtelain de Courtrai Burchgraeve van Gent, son of --- (-1190 or after). 

7.         BEATRIX de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Margaretam…Beatricem…Adelidem …Eufemiam et Luthgaudam…Mathildem…Ghislam…Agnetem" as the eight daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Beatrix married firstly "Willelmo Faramus de Tingreio" and secondly "castellano de Bellomanso Hugoni"[947]m firstly WILLIAM Faramus de Tingry, son of FARAMUS de Boulogne & his wife Mathilde ---.  m secondly HUGUES de Beaumetz Châtelain de Bapaume, son of --- (-after 1173). 

8.         ADELAIDE de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Margaretam…Beatricem…Adelidem …Eufemiam et Luthgaudam…Mathildem…Ghislam…Agnetem" as the eight daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Marguerite married firstly "Insulensi castellano Hugoni" (specifying that he was "prius Sancti Piati Seclinensis preoposito") and secondly "Roberto de Waveriaco, fratri Hellini Flandrie dapiferi sive senescali", specifying that her dowry was "apud Senghiniacum"[948]m firstly HUGUES Châtelain de Lille, son of --- (-1169 or after).  m secondly ROBERT de Wavrin, son of ROGER [III] de Wavrin & his first wife Mathilde [de Lens] (-1209 or after). 

9.         EUPHEMIA de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Margaretam…Beatricem…Adelidem …Eufemiam et Luthgaudam…Mathildem…Ghislam…Agnetem" as the eight daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Euphemia and Lutgarde were "in monasterio Sancti Leonardi apud Ghisnas…sanctimoniales" where Euphemia was later abbess[949].  Abbess of Guines

10.      LUTGARDE de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Margaretam…Beatricem…Adelidem …Eufemiam et Luthgaudam…Mathildem…Ghislam…Agnetem" as the eight daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Euphemia and Lutgarde were "in monasterio Sancti Leonardi apud Ghisnas…sanctimoniales" where Lutgarde succeeded her sister Euphemia as abbess [950].  Abbess of Guines

11.      MATHILDE de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Margaretam…Beatricem…Adelidem …Eufemiam et Luthgaudam…Mathildem…Ghislam…Agnetem" as the eight daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Mathilde married "Balduino filio Willelmi Moranni de Hondeschote"[951]m BOUDEWIJN Moran van Hondschote, son of WILLEM Moran van Hondschote & his wife --- (-1205 or after).  

12.      GISELA de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Margaretam…Beatricem…Adelidem …Eufemiam et Luthgaudam…Mathildem…Ghislam…Agnetem" as the eight daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Gisela married "de Ag sive Aqua Waltero de Pollario"[952]m WALTER van der Aa Heer zu Pollare, son of ---. 

13.      AGNES de Guines (-[murdered] Palestine ----).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Margaretam…Beatricem…Adelidem …Eufemiam et Luthgaudam…Mathildem…Ghislam…Agnetem" as the eight daughters of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Agnes married on the advice of "nepotum suorum…Walteri Tyberiadis…in terra" where she was poisoned "ut dicitur" and buried[953]m  ---. 

 

 

BAUDOUIN de Guines, son of ARNOUL [I] Comte de Guines & his wife Mathilde de Saint-Omer (-2 Jan 1205, bur Andres).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Balduinum, Willelmum…et Manassem et Sigerum et Arnoldum" as the sons of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife[954].  “Arnulfus…Gisnensium comes et Mathildis […de S. Audomaro] comitissa uxor mea et Balduinus filius meus” donated property to "Abbati Gunfrido de Claromaresch" by charter dated to [1145][955].  He succeeded his father in 1169 as Comte de Guines.  “Balduinus comes Gisnensis” exchanged land with the monastery of Andres by charter dated to [1170], witnessed by "Willelmus frater meus, Ernulfus et Willelmus filii mei…"[956].  "Baldewinus Gisnensium comes et Christiana comitissa uxor mea" donated property to "Willelmi abbatis de Claromaresch" by charter dated Jul 1174, witnessed by "…Arnulfo vicecomite de Markenes, Eustathio de Bavelinghem, Hugone filio eius…", a second donation witnessed by "…Eustachio de Bavelingehem, Balduino fratre eius…"[957].  “Balduinus comes Gisnensis” donated property to Andres abbey by charter dated 1202 witnessed by "Willelmus frater meus, Balduinus filius meus, Gusfridus filius meus, Balduinus filius Willelmi fratris mei…"[958].  “Balduinus comes Gisnensis” donated property to Andres abbey, with the consent of "Arnulfus de Gisnes castellanus de Borburg filius meus", by charter dated 1203 witnessed by "Ægidio de Loressa filio meo…"[959].  The Continuatio Bergensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death “IV Non Jan” of “Balduinus comes Gisnensis” and his burial “apud Andrenes[960]

m CHRISTIANE d'Ardres, daughter of ARNAUD [III] de Colvide Seigneur d'Ardres & his wife Adeline d'Ardres (-2 Jul 1177).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Christianam Ardensis domini filiam" as wife of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius"[961].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that "Ernulfus de Hardres" gave "Toleshund" in Essex, Hertfordshire to "Baldewino comiti in maritagio cum filia sua"[962].  "Baldewinus Gisnensium comes et Christiana comitissa uxor mea" donated property to "Willelmi abbatis de Claromaresch" by charter dated Jul 1174, witnessed by "…Arnulfo vicecomite de Markenes, Eustathio de Bavelinghem, Hugone filio eius…"[963].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records the death "1177 VI Non Iul" of "Ghisnensis comitissa Christiana" and her burial "Andrensis ecclesie"[964]

Comte Baudouin & his wife had ten children: 

1.         MABILE de Guines (-1197 or after).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Mabiliam…Arnoldum…Willelmum… Manassem…Balduinum" as children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" & his wife, naming "Iohanni filio Petronille de Chisonio" as husband of Mabile[965]m JAN [II] Heer van Peteghem, son of JAN [I] Heer van Peteghem & his wife Petronille --- (-1220 or after). 

2.         ARNOUL [II] de Guines (-1220).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Mabiliam…Arnoldum…Willelmum… Manassem…Balduinum" as children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" & his wife[966].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Guines

-        see below

3.         GUILLAUME de Guines (-Colvide ----, bur Andria).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Mabiliam…Arnoldum…Willelmum… Manassem…Balduinum" as children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" & his wife, specifying that Guillaume was a knight who died "in flore iuventutis apud Colvidem" and was buried "Andrie"[967].  “Balduinus comes Gisnensis” exchanged land with the monastery of Andres by charter dated to [1170], witnessed by "Willelmus frater meus, Ernulfus et Willelmus filii mei…"[968]

4.         MANASSES de Guines (-after Jun 1223).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Mabiliam…Arnoldum…Willelmum… Manassem…Balduinum" as children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" & his wife[969].  Seigneur de Tiembronne.  “Manasses frater comitis de Ghinnes dominus de Tienbronne et...Aelidis uxor eius” granted their holdings “in villa de Rosberghe” to “Johanni de Gardino burgensi de Sancto Audomaro” by charter dated 1213[970].  The Chronica Andrensis records the donation of "Manasses de Gisnis et dominus de Tiembronne" in 1214[971].  “Manasses de Gisnes dominus de Tiembrona et...Adelidis de Thiembrona uxor eius” donated part of “marisco nostro apud Rorichova” to Notre-Dame de Licques by charter dated Jun 1223[972]m AELIS de Tiembronne, daughter of --- (-after Jun 1223).  “Manasses frater comitis de Ghinnes dominus de Tienbronne et...Aelidis uxor eius” granted their holdings “in villa de Rosberghe” to “Johanni de Gardino burgensi de Sancto Audomaro” by charter dated 1213[973].  “Manasses de Gisnes dominus de Tiembrona et...Adelidis de Thiembrona uxor eius” donated part of “marisco nostro apud Rorichova” to Notre-Dame de Licques by charter dated Jun 1223[974]

5.         BAUDOUIN de Guines (-1229 or after).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Mabiliam…Arnoldum…Willelmum… Manassem…Balduinum" as children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" & his wife, specifying that Baudouin was a priest "Morinensis ecclesie canonicum et Neleiorum…sancti Petri Apostolorum principis iuxta Montorium"[975].  “...Baldewino filio comitis et Sigero fratre eius...” subscribed the charter dated 1198 under which “Robertus Malvoisin” confirmed the donation of “nemore...in loco...Berteberg” made to Notre-Dame de Licques by “Baldewinus patruus meus...Eustachius Mauvoisin pater meus[976].  “Balduinus comes Gisnensis” donated property to Andres abbey by charter dated 1202 witnessed by "Willelmus frater meus, Balduinus filius meus, Gusfridus filius meus, Balduinus filius Willelmi fratris mei…"[977].  Priest at Thérouanne. 

6.         GILLES de Guines (-1227 or after).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Egidium…Sigerum…Adelinam… Margaretam…Mathildem" as further children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" & his wife[978], recorded after the record of their father's accession as Comte de Guines, implying that they were all born after this date.  Seigneur de Loresse.  “Balduinus comes Gisnensis” donated property to Andres abbey, with the consent of "Arnulfus de Gisnes castellanus de Borburg filius meus", by charter dated 1203 witnessed by "Ægidio de Loressa filio meo…"[979]m CHRISTINE de Montjardin, daughter of EUSTACHE de Montjardin & his wife ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Eustacii de Mongardinio filiam Christianam" as the wife of "Egidium [filium Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis]"[980]

7.         SIGER de Guines (-1205 or after).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Egidium…Sigerum…Adelinam… Margaretam…Mathildem" as further children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" & his wife[981], recorded after the record of their father's accession as Comte de Guines, implying that they were all born after this date.  “...Baldewino filio comitis et Sigero fratre eius...” subscribed the charter dated 1198 under which “Robertus Malvoisin” confirmed the donation of “nemore...in loco...Berteberg” made to Notre-Dame de Licques by “Baldewinus patruus meus...Eustachius Mauvoisin pater meus[982]m ADELIDIS de Seltun, daughter of HENRI de Seltun & his wife ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Henrici de Seltunio iuxta Memerim filiam Adelidem" as the wife of "Sigerum [filium Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis]"[983]

8.         ADELINE de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Egidium…Sigerum…Adelinam… Margaretam…Mathildem" as further children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" & his wife[984], recorded after the record of their father's accession as Comte de Guines, implying that they were all born after this date.  The Historia names "Balduino de Engoudeshen vel de Markisio, de Caiocho tamen nominato" as first husband of Adeline and "Hugoni de Malo- sive Molli-Alneto" as her second husband.  m firstly BAUDOUIN [II] de Marquise dit d'Engoudessen, son of [BAUDOUIN [I] de Marquise "l’ancien" & his wife ---] (-after 1174).  Michel Champagne notes that he subscribed four charters of the abbey of Saint-Josse-sur-Mer, dated between 1168 and 1174, as "Balduinus de Godessen" and "Balduino de Engoldesen miles"[985].  He also sets out his supposed descent from the seigneur d’Ardres, as recorded in the Historia Comitum Ghisnensiumm secondly HUGUES de Malannoy, son of ---. 

9.         MARGUERITE de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Egidium…Sigerum…Adelinam… Margaretam…Mathildem" as further children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" & his wife[986], recorded after the record of their father's accession as Comte de Guines, implying that they were all born after this date.  The Historia names "Rabodoni de Ruinis" as husband of Marguerite.  m RABODON de Rumes, son of ---.

10.      MATHILDE de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Egidium…Sigerum…Adelinam… Margaretam… Mathildem" as further children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" & his wife[987], recorded after the record of their father's accession as Comte de Guines, implying that they were all born after this date.  The Historia names "Willelmis filius Clarmboldi de Timbonia" as husband of Mathilde, specifying that they died without heirs.  m GUILLAUME de Tiembronne, son of CLAREMBAUD de Tiembronne & his wife ---. 

Comte Baudouin had four illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

11.       GEOFFROY .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Guffridum…Boldekinum…Eustacium clericum et Willelkinum" as illegitimate children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" born after his wife's death, specifying that Geoffroy was born in Guines and was "Morinensis et Brugensis ecclesie canonicum"[988].  “Balduinus comes Gisnensis” donated property to Andres abbey by charter dated 1202 witnessed by "Willelmus frater meus, Balduinus filius meus, Gusfridus filius meus, Balduinus filius Willelmi fratris mei…"[989]. 

12.       BOLDEKIN .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Guffridum…Boldekinum…Eustacium clericum et Willelkinum" as illegitimate children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" born after his wife's death722

13.       EUSTACHE .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Guffridum…Boldekinum…Eustacium clericum et Willelkinum" as illegitimate children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" born after his wife's death722

14.       WILLELKIN .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Guffridum…Boldekinum…Eustacium clericum et Willelkinum" as illegitimate children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" born after his wife's death722

 

 

ARNOUL de Guines, son of BAUDOUIN Comte de Guines & his wife Christine d'Ardres (-1220, bur Ardres).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Mabiliam…Arnoldum…Willelmum… Manassem…Balduinum" as children of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius" & his wife[990].  “Balduinus comes Gisnensis” exchanged land with the monastery of Andres by charter dated to [1170], witnessed by "Willelmus frater meus, Ernulfus et Willelmus filii mei…"[991].  “Balduinus comes Gisnensis” donated property to Andres abbey, with the consent of "Arnulfus de Gisnes castellanus de Borburg filius meus", by charter dated 1203 witnessed by "Ægidio de Loressa filio meo…"[992].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Guines.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "comes de Guisnes" holding one knight’s fee and one half "in Parva Hoilande", and three "in Toleshund, quam Ernulfus de Hardres dedit Baldewino comiti in maritagio cum filia sua", both in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1210/12][993].  The Chronica Andrensis records the death in 1220 of "Arnulphus comes Gisnensis" and his burial "in hoc loco"[994].  Adam Bishop of Morins confirmed the possessions of Notre-Dame de Licques, including the donation of “curtem de Mas” made by “Arnulfi comitis Gisnensis et Baldvini filii eius” with the consent of “Theoderici comitis Flandrensis”, by charter dated Feb 1224[995]

[996]Betrothed (after 1186, contract broken before Apr 1190) to IDA de Flandre Ctss de Boulogne, daughter of MATTHIEU de Flandres Comte de Boulogne & his first wife Marie de Blois Ctss de Boulogne ([1160/61]-21 Apr 1216, bur Boulogne). 

m (before Mar 1200) BEATRIX de Bourbourg, daughter of GAUTHIER de Bourbourg & his wife Mathilde de Bethune (-Bourbourg Aug 1224).  "Beatrix comitissa de Gisnes et castellana de Bourbourch" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Choques, for the souls of "patris mei Walteri castellani de Bourbourch et matris meæ Mathildis de Bethunia dominæ de Chokes et Arnoldi comitis Gisnensis mariti mei et fratris mei Henrici castellani de Bourbourch", by charter dated 12 May 1221[997].  Heiress of Bourbourg and Aalst.  The Chronica Andrensis records the death in Aug 1224 "apud Broburgh" of "Beatrix comitissa de Gisnes et castellana de Broburg" after a reconciliation with her eldest son Baudouin following many disputes after the death of her husband[998].  Her family origin is indicated by the 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d’Angleterre which records that "Robiers de Biethune" captured "Gisnes el castiel" and "la contesse…sa cousine germaine", dated to [1214] from the context[999].  "Beatrix comitissa de Gisnes et castellana de Broborg" donated property at Bounham to build a monastery, for the souls of "Arnulphi mariti mei comitis de Gisnes, patris mei Waltheri castellani de Broborg, matrique meæ Mathildis de Bethunia", by charter dated Dec 1223[1000]

Comte Arnoul & his wife had [ten] children: 

1.         BEATRIX de Guines (-after May 1244).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Beatricem, Christianam et Matildem" as the children of “castellana Broburgensis et Ardensis domina...Beatrix a viro suo...Arnoldo de Ghisnis[1001].  The Chronica Andrensis names "Beatrix comitissa Gisnensis primogenita" when recording that she became a nun at "ecclesia Broburgensis" in 1218[1002].  Abbess of Bounham.  "Baudewins cuens de Gines et chastellains de Broubbergh" donated grazing rights at Bounham to "Seur Beatris me tres-chiere Sereur et au couvent du novel lieu Nostre dame de Leisbistade" by charter dated May 1244[1003]

2.         CHRISTINE de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Beatricem, Christianam et Matildem" as the children of “castellana Broburgensis et Ardensis domina...Beatrix a viro suo...Arnoldo de Ghisnis[1004]m SALAMON Belle, son of ---. 

3.         MATHILDE de Guines (-1262).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Beatricem, Christianam et Matildem" as the children of “castellana Broburgensis et Ardensis domina...Beatrix a viro suo...Arnoldo de Ghisnis[1005].  The two sources quoted below suggest that her marriage is correct.  However, the necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "V Id Apr" of "Hugo de Castellione comes Sancti Pauli", stating that "uxorem Mariam" donated property for his soul[1006], "Mariam" presumably being a mistake in this entry for "Mathildem".  Mathilde must have been middle-aged at the time of her marriage given the marriage date of her parents and the mention of her husband’s second wife in Apr 1241.  Undated letters of "Mahaut de Ghisnes comtesse de S. Paul" acquitted "Jean de Chastillon comte de Blois fils aisné…messire Hue de Chastillon comte de S. Paul son mary" for her dower[1007].  A manuscript of Saint-Bertin records the death in 1262 of "Mathildis comitissa de Guisnes et S. Pauli vidua Hugonis  de Sancto Paulo et Balduini comitis Guisnensis soror"[1008]m as his third wife, HUGUES Comte de Saint-Pol, son of GAUCHER [III] Seigneur de Châtillon-sur-Marne Comte de Saint-Pol & his wife Elisabeth Ctss de Saint-Pol (before 1196-9 Apr 1248). 

4.         BAUDOUIN [III] de Guines (-after May 1244).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records the birth of "puerum Balduinum" to “Broburgensis castellana et Ardensis domina...Beatrix[1009].  He succeeded his father in 1220 as Comte de Guines.   

-        see below

5.         ADELIDE de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records the births of "Adelidem et secundam Beatricem" to “Broburgensis castellana et Ardensis domina...Beatrix[1010]

6.         BEATRIX de Guines (-afetr Jan 1260).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records the births of "Adelidem et secundam Beatricem" to “Broburgensis castellana et Ardensis domina...Beatrix[1011].  "Baudewins cuens de Ghines et chastellains de Broubergh" donated property to "seur Beatris me…sereur et au couvent [de]…nostre Dame de Leisbistade" by charter dated May 1244[1012].  “Béatrix femme de Renaud de Pinquigny veuve d’Anselme II de Crésecque” confirmed the donation of “la dîme de Louches” made to Notre-Dame de Licques by “Robert de Crésecque son fils” by charter dated Jan 1260[1013]m firstly ANSEAU [II] de Crecques, son of --- (-before 1246).  m secondly RENAUD de Picquigny, son of ENGUERRAND de Picquigny Vidame d´Amiens & his wife Marguerite de Ponthieu (-after Jan 1260). 

7.         ROBERT de Guines (-after 1248).  The testament of "Baudewins cuens de Ghisnes et castelains de Broborgh", dated 1244, bequeathed to "Robert mon frere me maison de Baulinghem ki fu M. me sereur…Adame de Tienbrone me nieche le bos de huonual tot ensi cumme ie l’aquis à Monseingneur Manessie mon oncle…"[1014].  [m (after 10 Jan 1248) as her second husband, AMICE de Clare, widow of BALDWIN de Reviers Earl of Devon, daughter of GILBERT de Clare Earl of Gloucester and Hereford & his wife Isabel Marshal of Pembroke (27 May 1220[1015]-27 Nov, before 21 Jan 1284).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   The necrology of the Priory of Saint-Martin-des-Champs records the death "V Kal Dec" of "Amitia comitissa Devonie"[1016].] 

8.         HENRI de Guines (-after May 1244).  A charter of Clairmarest abbey dated 1240 (presumably misdated, given that his brother Baudouin is named in 1244) names "Henrici de Gisnes militis fratris Balduini quondam comitis Ghisnensis"[1017]

9.         ARNOUL de Guines (-after 17 Mar 1261).   "Arnulphus de Ghisnes miles, avunculus comitis de Ghisnes" founded the abbey of Peene  by charter dated 17 Mar 1261[1018]m AELIDE, daughter of ---. 

10.      [--- .  Adam’s mother was presumably one of the sisters of Baudouin [III] Comte de Guines who are named above, but there is no further indication of her precise identity.]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         ADAM de Tienbronne (-after 1244).  The testament of "Baudewins cuens de Ghisnes et castelains de Broborgh", dated 1244, bequeathed to "Robert mon frere me maison de Baulinghem ki fu M. me sereur…Adame de Tienbrone me nieche le bos de huonual tot ensi cumme ie l’aquis à Monseingneur Manessie mon oncle…"[1019]

 

 

BAUDOUIN [III] de Guines, son of ARNOUL Comte de Guines & his wife Beatrix de Bourbourg (-after May 1244).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records the birth of "puerum Balduinum" to “Broburgensis castellana et Ardensis domina...Beatrix[1020].  Adam Bishop of Morins confirmed the possessions of Notre-Dame de Licques, including the donation of “curtem de Mas” made by “Arnulfi comitis Gisnensis et Baldvini filii eius” with the consent of “Theoderici comitis Flandrensis”, by charter dated Feb 1224[1021].  He succeeded his father in 1220 as Comte de Guines.  "Baudewins cuens de Gines et chastellains de Broubbergh" donated grazing rights at Bounham to "Seur Beatris me tres-chiere Sereur et au couvent du novel lieu Nostre dame de Leisbistade" by charter dated May 1244[1022].  The testament of "Baudewins cuens de Ghisnes et castelains de Broborgh", dated 1244, bequeathed to "Robert mon frere me maison de Baulinghem ki fu M. me sereur…Adame de Tienbrone me nieche le bos de huonual tot ensi cumme ie l’aquis à Monseingneur Manessie mon oncle…", and made gifts "par le creancement Mahaut me femme e Ernol mon fil ainnei e mon hoir"[1023]

m MATHILDE de Fiennes, daughter of GUILLAUME de Fiennes & his wife Agnes de Dammartin.  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter of Ardres dated 1232 which records a dispute between "Balduinum" and "dominum Willelmum de Fielnes socerum eius"[1024].  The testament of "Baudewins cuens de Ghisnes et castelains de Broborgh", dated 1244, made gifts "par le creancement Mahaut me femme e Ernol mon fil ainnei e mon hoir"[1025]

Comte Baudouin & his wife had four children: 

1.         ARNOUL [III] de Guines (-after Feb 1282).  The testament of "Baudewins cuens de Ghisnes et castelains de Broborgh", dated 1244, made gifts "par le creancement Mahaut me femme e Ernol mon fil ainnei e mon hoir"[1026].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Guines.  "Arnulphus comes Guinensis" sold "iuris dominii et possessionis habebam…in villis et territoriis de Guinis, de le Montoire, de Tornehem" to Philippe III King of France, while providing for "Aelidis uxor nostra" should she survive him, by charter dated Feb 1282[1027]m ALIX de Coucy, daughter of ENGUERRAND [III] Seigneur de Coucy & his third wife Marie de Montmirail (-13 Oct, 1283 or after).  The Lignages de Coucy (written in 1303) records that "la seconde fille de monsieur Enguerrant, qui fist faire le chastel de Coucy…Alix" married "au conte Ernoul de Guignes"[1028].  "Arnulphus comes Guinensis" sold "iuris dominii et possessionis habebam…in villis et territoriis de Guinis, de le Montoire, de Tornehem" to Philippe III King of France, while providing for "Aelidis uxor nostra" should she survive him, by charter dated Feb 1282[1029].  The necrology of Joyenval records the death “13 Oct“ 1354 [which is too late considering the chronology of the family] of "dominæ Aelidis de Coci comitissæ de Guines” and her donation of “1000 librarum in vasis tum argenteis tum aureis[1030].  Comte Arnoul [III] & his wife had six children: 

a)         BAUDOUIN de Guines (-after 1293).  The Lignages de Coucy (written in 1303) names "Baudouyn" as the oldest son of "la seconde fille de monsieur Enguerrant, qui fist faire le chastel de Coucy…Alix" and her husband "au conte Ernoul de Guignes"[1031].  An order of parlement dated 1268 relates to a dispute between "dominus Fastredus de Wanequerke miles" and "comitem Guinensem", followed by a period of peace which was broken by "Balduinus filius eiusdem comitis""[1032].  Châtelain de Bourbourg, Seigneur d’Ardres.  m JEANNE de Montmorency, daughter of MATHIEU [III] Seigneur de Montmorency & his wife Jeanne de Brienne.  The Lignages de Coucy (written in 1303) records that "Baudouyn", son "au conte Ernoul de Guignes" and his wife, married "la sœur du sieur de Montmorency"[1033].  Baudouin & his wife had two children: 

i)          JEANNE de Guines (-Guerville [Sep 1231/19 Apr 1342], bur Foucarmont).  The Lignages de Coucy (written in 1303) names "l’aisnée…Jeanne…contesse de Guignes apres son pere…l’autre…Blanche" as the daughters of "Baudouyn…cues de Guines" and his wife "la sœur du sieur de Montmorency", adding that Jeanne married "au conte d’Eu qui mourut en la bataille de Courtray" and left two children[1034]The Chronique des comtes d’Eu, written in 1390, records that "Jehan filz [de Jehan fils du dit Alphons]" married "madame Jehanne de Coussy contesse de Guynes à cause de sa mère, fille de Guines et femme monsieur de Coussy", adding in a later passage that she died "en Guerreville" in 1331[1035]Ctss de Guinesm JEAN [III] Comte d'Eu, son of JEAN [II] Comte d'Eu [Brienne] & his wife Beatrix de Châtillon-Saint-Pol (-killed in battle Courtrai 11 Jul 1302, bur Foucarmont)

ii)         BLANCHE de Guines (-1341, bur Lannoy Abbey, Beauvais).  The Lignages de Coucy (written in 1303) names "l’aisnée…Jeanne…contesse de Guignes apres son pere…l’autre…Blanche" as the daughters of "Baudouyn…cues de Guines" and his wife "la sœur du sieur de Montmorency", adding that Blanche never married[1036]The Chronique des comtes d’Eu, written in 1390, names "Blanche" as sister of "madame Jehanne de Coussy contesse de Guynes à cause de sa mère, fille de Guines et femme monsieur de Coussy", adding that she died in 1341 and was buried "en une abbaye de l’ordre de Cisteaulx au diocèse de Beauvais...Lannoy"[1037]

b)         ENGUERRAND de Guines (-after 1321).  The Lignages de Coucy (written in 1303) names "Enguerrant" as the second son of "la seconde fille de monsieur Enguerrant, qui fist faire le chastel de Coucy…Alix" and her husband "au conte Ernoul de Guignes"[1038].  Seigneur de Coucy, d'Oisy et de Montmirail. 

-        SEIGNEURS de COUCY

c)         JEAN de Guines (-after 1323).  Vicomte de Meaux.  "Enguerrans de Guines Sires de Coucy et d’Oisy et de Mommiral et Iohans de Guines Viscoens de Meaux, Sires de Fertez Gauchier et Ancoul" agreed the partition of territories inherited from "de bonne memoire...Engerran iadis Seigneur de Coucy et de Oisy et de Mommiral nostre...oncle" by charter dated Jul 1311[1039].  Seigneur de Coucy, d'Oisy et de Montmirail.  m (1306 or after) as her second husband, JEANNE le Bouteiller de Senlis, widow of MATHIEU [V] Seigneur de Montmorency, daughter of GUILLAUME [III] le Bouteiller de Senlis Seigneur de Chantilly & his first wife Eléonore de Beausault (-before Sep 1323).  "Ioannem de Guynes militem ratione Ioannæ uxoris suæ relictæ defuncti Mathei de Montemorenciaco quondam fratris Ioannis domini nunc de Montemorenciaco militis" acknowledged having received his wife’s dower by charter dated 1311[1040].  Jean & his wife had one child: 

i)          JEANNE de Guines The marriage contract between "Iehan de Chasteillon chevalier Sires de Gandelus, de la Ferté et de Marigny et Lienor de Roye sa fame...Gauchier leur fils ainsné" and "Damoiselle Jeanne filhe de...Iehan de Guines Vicomte de Miaux et Sire de Fertez Ancoul et Gauchier et de feu Madame Jehanne de Chantilly iadis sa fame" is dated Sep 1323[1041]m (contract Sep 1323) as his first wife, GAUCHER [VIII] Seigneur de Châtillon, de Troissy et de la Ferté-en-Ponthieu, son of JEAN de Châtillon Seigneur de Châtillon, de Gandelus, de Troissy et de Marigny & his first wife Eléonore de Roye Dame de la Ferté en Ponthieu (-1377). 

d)         --- de Guines .  The Lignages de Coucy (written in 1303) records that the oldest of the three daughters of "li cuens Arnoul de Guignes" married "en Yllande"[1042]m ---. 

e)         ISABELLE de Guines .  The Lignages de Coucy (written in 1303) records that the second of the three daughters of "li cuens Arnoul de Guignes" married "au sieur de Basoches et depuis au sieur de Faillouel"[1043].  "Gauchiers sires de Basoches et Ysabeaus sa femme" confirmed donations to the church of Igny en Tardenois by charter dated Dec 1285[1044]m firstly GAUTHIER Seigneur de Bazoches, son of ---.  m secondly --- Seigneur de Faillouel, son of ---. 

f)          ALIX de Guines (-after 1311).  The Lignages de Coucy (written in 1303) records that the third of the three daughters of "li cuens Arnoul de Guignes" married "au sieur de Malignes en Brebant" and had two sons[1045].  The marriage contract of "Arnoul comte de Guines…Alips sa fille" and "monsieur Wautier Bertault…aisné fils de Wautier Bertault chevalier sieur de Malines" is dated Mar 1271[1046]m (contract Mar 1271) WALTER [VII] Berthout Heer van Mechelen, son of WALTER [VI] Berthout Heer van Mechelen & his wife Marie d’Auvergne (-killed in battle Worringen 5 Jun 1288). 

2.         BAUDOUIN de Guines (-before 1308).  "Ernous cuens de Ghisnes" donated property "en Sangate et à Ales et en Pepelinghes et en Bessinghes et en Hesuedinghem et en Escales et en Ramarssaut et ou molon de Camarssaut et en Boucout…" to "Bauduin men…frere chevalier" by charter dated 1280[1047].  Seigneur de Sangate.  "Bauduins de Gisnes chevaliers sires de Sanghette et…Ysabeau Alemme dame d’Anekin" acknowledged that "Bauduins d’Anekin escuyer" had granted dower to "Madame d’Anekin se mere devant dite" by charter dated May 1292[1048].  A charter dated 1308 records an agreement between "comitem Augi et Guinarum nunc defunctum et eius uxorem" and "Robertum [error for Balduinum?] de Guines dominum de Sangathe" and notes that "hæres dicti Roberti nunc defuncti est minor annis"[1049]m (before May 1292) as her second husband, ISABEAU Alemme, widow of --- d’Anequin, daughter of ---.  "Bauduins de Gisnes chevaliers sires de Sanghette et…Ysabeau Alemme dame d’Anekin" acknowledged that "Bauduins d’Anekin escuyer" had granted dower to "Madame d’Anekin se mere devant dite" by charter dated May 1292[1050].  Baudouin & his wife had one child: 

a)         son .  A charter dated 1308 records an agreement between "comitem Augi et Guinarum nunc defunctum et eius uxorem" and "Robertum [error for Balduinum?] de Guines dominum de Sangathe" and notes that "hæres dicti Roberti nunc defuncti est minor annis"[1051]

3.         ADELAIDE de Guines .  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "Adeluya, filia comitis Balduini de Ghisnes" married "Guilelmus hæres castellaniæ Sancti-Audomari et comitatus de Faukenberghe", son of "domini Joannis de Ypra domini de Renenghes" and his wife "domini Philippi de Aria…filia sua Machtildis"[1052].  "Jean d’Ypre seigneur de Reninghe et…Mehaut sa femme" noted that "Guillaume chastelain de S. Omer leur fils" had sold "le droit de molage" to the town of Saint-Omer, with "le comte de Guines" acting as guarantor, by charter dated Jul 1252[1053].  An order of parlement dated 1365, relating to a dispute concerning the county of Faucquemberghe and châtellenie of Saint-Omer, records that "Guillelmus comes Falsibergensis et castellanus S. Audomari" had married "quandam filiam comitis tunc Guinarum", by whom he had "filius…Guillelmus et…filia Mathildis", that their son Guillaume had married "filiam domini de Varenis" and had "filia…Alienor" who married "domino de Gaure" by whom she had "Beatrix uxor quondam dicti defensoris [=Roberto domino de Fienlis consanguineo nostro constabulario Franciæ]", and that Mathilde had married "castellano eo tempore de Bellomonte (nomine Balduino) patre Florencii quondam comitis dicti loci patris dicti actoris [=Sansone de Bellomonte milite comite Falsibergensi]"[1054]m GUILLAUME Châtelain de Saint-Omer Comte de Faucquemberghe, son of JEAN d’Ypres Seigneur de Renenghes & his wife Mathilde d’Aire.  "Willaumes chevaliers et castelains de Saint-Omer et sires de Faukemberghe" granted a fiefdom to "Lambert Wolveric fil Jehan Wolveric de Saint-Omer" by charter dated Jan [1274/75][1055].  "Willaume castelain de Saint-Omer, chevalier, et signeur de Faukenberghe" issued a charter dated 24 Dec 1280 relating to duties over wine[1056]

4.         IDA de Guines .  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "sororum...domini Hugonis de Antoing, filii domini Alardi, primogenita...Maria" married “domino Philippo de Prouvi” by whom she had “unicum...filium...Gerardi” who succeeded his father and had “plures...filios et filias” by “Yda filia comitis Balduini de Ghisnes”, of whom the oldest daughter married "comitis de Salmis in Ardenna Willelmo"[1057]m GERARD de Prouvy, son of PHILIPPE Seigneur de Prouvy & his wife Marie d’Antoing. 

 

 

 

C.      VICOMTES de GUINES

 

 

1.         ELBERT [I] (-after 1065).  Vicomte [de Guines].  A charter dated 1065 records the donation to Saint-Bertin by "duo fratres Rodgerus et Stephanus" donated property in "villæ Cunes" at "coram comite Gisnensi Balduino…coram Heleberto vice comite"[1058].  [m EMMA, daughter of ---.  An undated charter records donations to the chapel of Notre-Dame "in castro Gisnensi", including the donation made by "Balduinus comes Gisnensis" of "duas mansiones in castro supra dicto et terram de Hautingahem…" with the consent of "filiis suis Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone et Mathilde", witnessed by "Ida Boloniensi comitissa, Ernulfo de Arda, Elemberto vicecomite, Mauritio et Alulpho filio eius…", another donation made by "Elembertus vicecomes et sorores eius", and another of "tertiam partem duarum partium decimæ de Bocretes et partem suam sylvæ ad Landringherun" made by "Emma vicecomitissa"[1059].  It is not certain that Emma was the wife of Elbert [I] but this looks probable.] 

 

 

[Three or more] siblings, parents not identified, although the chronology suggests that they may have been children of Vicomte Elbert [I], named above.  The presence in the charters quoted in the present section of two individuals named “vicecomitissa” suggests that there were two vicomtes named Elbert in Guines in the latter half of the 11th century and that Elbert [II] was a different person from Elbert [I]. 

1.         ELBERT [II] .  Vicomte [de Guines].  The Chronicon Andrensis Monasterii by Abbot Guillaume records donations made by “vicecomes Elembertus”, recorded in a charter dated 1084[1060].  The Chronicon Andrensis Monasterii by Abbot Guillaume records donations made by “Elembertus vicecomes et sorores eius” after the death of their father, undated[1061].  An undated charter records donations to the chapel of Notre-Dame "in castro Gisnensi", including the donation made by "Balduinus comes Gisnensis" [whose death is dated to “before 1097”] of "duas mansiones in castro supra dicto et terram de Hautingahem…" with the consent of "filiis suis Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone et Mathilde", witnessed by "Ida Boloniensi comitissa, Ernulfo de Arda, Elemberto vicecomite, Mauritio et Alulpho filio eius…", and another donation made by "Elembertus vicecomes et sorores eius"[1062].  [m EILCBURCH, daughter of ---.  The Chronicon Andrensis Monasterii by Abbot Guillaume records a donation of land “in villa de Seiles” made by “Eilcburch vicecomitissa”, undated[1063].  It is not certain that Eilcburch was the wife of Elbert [II] but this looks probable, assuming that “Emma vicecomitissa” was the wife of Elbert [I] (see above).]

2.         sisters .  An undated charter records donations to the chapel of Notre-Dame "in castro Gisnensi", including the donation made by "Balduinus comes Gisnensis" of "duas mansiones in castro supra dicto et terram de Hautingahem…" with the consent of "filiis suis Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone et Mathilde", witnessed by "Ida Boloniensi comitissa, Ernulfo de Arda, Elemberto vicecomite, Mauritio et Alulpho filio eius…", and another donation made by "Elembertus vicecomes et sorores eius"[1064].  The Chronicon Andrensis Monasterii by Abbot Guillaume records donations made by “Elembertus vicecomes et sorores eius” after the death of their father, undated[1065], presumably referring to the same donation.

 

 

 

D.      SEIGNEURS d’ARDRES, VICOMTES de MARCHIENNES

 

 

The parentage of Elbert [III] has not been identified.  The chronology suggests that he may have been the same person as Elbert [II] Vicomte [de Guines], see Part C of the present chapter. 

 

1.         ELBERT [III] .  Vicomte [de Marchiennes].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" who, it states, acted as his deputy in the absence of the count (“cuius vices in absencia comitis agebat”)[1066]m firstly MATILDA [from England], daughter of --- (-bur Marchiennes).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" married “in Anglia...uxorem...Matildem”, who was buried in “ecclesie Markiniensis[1067]m secondly ADELAIS de Licques, daughter of ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" married secondly “Adelidem, senis Eustacii de Liskis[1068].  Elbert [III] & his first wife had three children: 

a)         EUSTACHE (-after 1136).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Eustacium et Paganum et Adelidem, matrem Henrici, Willelmi et Gufridi de Bello vel Belloco” as the children of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his wife “in Anglia...uxorem...Matildem”, adding in a later passage that Eustache and Pagan died (after their father) without direct heirs[1069]Vicomte [de Marchiennes].  The Chronicon Andrensis Monasterii by Abbot Guillaume records a donation of land made by “Eustachius filius Heremari de Bavelingahem”, witnessed by “...Eustachius vicecomes et Arnulfus frater eius...”, dated 1136[1070]

b)         ELBERT [IV] [Pagan] (-after [1130]).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Eustacium et Paganum et Adelidem, matrem Henrici, Willelmi et Gufridi de Bello vel Belloco” as the children of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his wife “in Anglia...uxorem...Matildem[1071]Vicomte [de Marchiennes].  The Chronicon Andrensis Monasterii by Abbot Guillaume records a donation of land made by “Henricus de Campania”, witnessed by “Manasses Gisnensium comes, Emma comitissa, Henricus castellanus de Brocborc, Linildis mater sua, Mathildis, Adaliza sorores suæ, Elembertus cognomento Paganus...vicecomes de Marcnes...”, undated[1072].  This document is dated 1130 by Miræus[1073]

c)         ADELAIS .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Eustacium et Paganum et Adelidem, matrem Henrici, Willelmi et Gufridi de Bello vel Belloco” as the children of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his wife “in Anglia...uxorem...Matildem[1074]m --- de Belœil, son of ---. 

Elbert [III] & his second wife had nine children: 

d)         ARNAUD [I] d’Ardres (-after 1136, bur Ardres Saint-Audomer).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Arnoldum” as the oldest son of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his second wife “Adelidem, senis Eustacii de Liskis”, adding that he succeeded as “in vicecomitatum” and was made “Markiniensem...comitem et Ardee dominum[1075]Vicomte [de Marchiennes].  The Chronicon Andrensis Monasterii by Abbot Guillaume records a donation of land made by “Eustachius filius Heremari de Bavelingahem”, witnessed by “...Eustachius vicecomes et Arnulfus frater eius...”, dated 1136[1076].  [Comte] de Marchiennes.  Seigneur d’Ardres.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that “Arnoldus...senex” was buried “Ardee in templo cimitieriali iuxta sepulcrum uxoris sue Gertrudis[1077]m GERTRUDE van Gent, daughter of BOUDEWIJN van Gent & his wife Oda --- (-Jerusalem 1138, bur Ardres Saint-Audomer).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that “Gertrudis”, after the death of "filii Manassis", journeyed to Jerusalem where she died and that she was buried “in cimiteriali ecclesia sancti Audomari Ardensis[1078].  This passage does not otherwise identify Gertrude, but the following paragraph records that “Arnoldus...senex” was buried “Ardee in templo cimitieriali iuxta sepulcrum uxoris sue Gertrudis[1079].  An earlier passage clarifies her family origin: The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Gertrudem" as sister of "Balduinus cognomento Grossus sive Magnus", adding that she married "Ardensium domino Arnoldo Seni sive Vetulo"[1080].  Arnaud & his wife had five children: 

i)          ARNAUD [II] d’Ardres (-before 1144).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that “Arnoldus...filius eius iuvenis sive iunior sive...Rufus nominatus” succeeded as “Ardensis dominus” after the death of “Arnoldus...senex[1081]Seigneur d’Ardresm PETRONILLE de Bouchain, daughter of --- (-after 1144).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that “Arnoldus...iuvenis” married “comitis Flandrie Theoderici neptem...Petronillam de Buchenio[1082].  Her link with the family of the châtelains de Valenciennes is suggested by the similarity between “de Buchenio” and “Bochesin”, the epithet attached to Godefroi [II] Seigneur de Bouchain and Châtelain de Valenciennes (see above).  Her precise relationship with Thierry Count of Flanders has not been traced.  Mistress (1):  HELEWIDE, daughter of ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that, before his marriage, “Arnoldus...iuvenis” had “Robertum” by “puella...de Herchem nata...Helewide[1083]Mistress (2):  ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that, after the birth of his illegitimate son Baudouin, “Arnoldus...iuvenis” had “Mabilam Rufam cuidam Iohanni de Oudelando iuxta Liskas...uxorem” by “quadam puella Ardee[1084].  Arnaud [II] had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

(a)        BAUDOUIN bâtard de Guines .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that, before his marriage, “Arnoldus...iuvenis” had “Robertum” by “puella...de Herchem nata...Helewide[1085]m MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that “Robertum”, illegitimate son of “Arnoldus...iuvenis”, married “spud Colsbergium nobilem...uxorem...Matildem[1086].  Baudouin & his wife had [three or more] children: 

(1)        ARNAUD .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Arnoldum et fratres eius” as the children of “Robertum”, illegitimate son of “Arnoldus...iuvenis”, and his wife[1087]m CHRISTIANE, daughter of LAMBERT & his wife ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that “Arnoldum”, son of “Robertum”, married “Christianam magistri Lamberti Ardensis ecclesie...presbiteri filiam[1088].  Arnaud & his wife had [three or more] children: 

a.          BAUDOUIN .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Balduinum et fratres eius” as the children of “Arnoldum”, son of “Robertum”, and his wife[1089].  

b.          sons .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Balduinum et fratres eius” as the children of “Arnoldum”, son of “Robertum”, and his wife[1090]

(2)        sons .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Arnoldum et fratres eius” as the children of “Robertum”, illegitimate son of “Arnoldus...iuvenis”, and his wife[1091]

Arnaud [II] had one illegitimate child by Mistress (2):

(b)        MABILE .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that, after the birth of his illegitimate son Baudouin, “Arnoldus...iuvenis” had “Mabilam Rufam cuidam Iohanni de Oudelando iuxta Liskas...uxorem” by “quadam puella Ardee”, adding that she had by him “multos...filios Iohannes[1092]m JEAN d’Oudelande, son of ---. 

ii)         BAUDOUIN d’Ardres (-at sea 1147).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that “Balduinus frater eius”, referring to “Arnoldus...iuvenis”, recording in a later paragraph that he succeeded his brother Arnaud [II] as Seigneur d’Ardres[1093]Seigneur d’Ardres.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium quotes a charter under which “B....heres et dominus Ardee” donated property to Ardres, dated 1144, witnessed by “...Arnulphus Marciniensis vicecomes sororius noster...[1094].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that Baudouin left on crusade with Louis VII King of France in May 1146 and died on the journey from Constantinople “apud Sathaniam”, his body being thrown into the sea, dated to early 1147 from the context[1095]m firstly ADELA, daughter of RAOUL & his wife ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that “Balduinus frater eius [Arnoldi...iuvenis]” married “patrui sui Radulfi...canonici filia...Adela[1096]m secondly NATALIE, daughter of ROBERT & his wife Adelais ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that “Balduinus frater eius [Arnoldi...iuvenis]” married secondly “Roberti canonici et nobilis uxoris sue Adelidis filia...Natalia[1097]m thirdly (1146, before May) as her second husband, BEATRIX de Bourbourg, divorced wife of AUBREY [III] de Vere, daughter of HENRI Châtelain of Bourbourg & his first wife Sibylle [Rose] de Guines (after 1120-[1146], bur Abbey of La Capelle).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Beatricem" as the only daughter of "castellano Broburgensi Henrico" & his wife Sibylle/Rose, and her marriage in England to "Alberto Apro"[1098].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records the separation of "Albertus Aper et Beatrix", her second marriage to "domino Balduino" and her death soon after[1099].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "pater meus [Balduinus]" married "Broburgensis castellani nobilis Henrici et Rose Ghisnensis comitis Manassis filie, filia Beatrice...Ghisnensis comitatus herede"[1100].  Baudouin & his first wife had two children: 

(a)       GAUTHIER d’Ardres [de Cluse] .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “de Clusa Walterum” as the son of “Balduinus frater eius [Arnoldi...iuvenis][1101]

(b)       LAMBERT d’Ardres .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Balduinus frater eius [Arnoldi...iuvenis]” as “pater meus[1102]

Baudouin & his second wife had two children: 

(c)       SIMON .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Symonem” as the son of “Balduinus frater eius [Arnoldi...iuvenis]” and his second wife “Roberti canonici et nobilis uxoris sue Adelidis filia...Natalia”, adding that he died “iam adultum et iuvenem[1103]

(d)       MARGUERITE d’Ardres .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Margaretam” who was the mother of “Balduinus Bastardus Willelmi fratris Ghisnensis comitis Balduini filius” and of “Werinus, Werini Morinensis ecclesie canonici filius[1104]Mistress of: GUILLAUME de Guines, son of ARNOUL [I] Comte de Guines & his wife Mathilde de Saint-Omer (-after 1217).  m WERIN, son of ---. 

iii)        AGNES d’Ardres (-before 1147).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Historia Comitum Ghisnensium which records that, after the death of "Balduino...patre meo", "Markiniensi vicecomiti Arnoldo de Colvida sororio suo" was installed as seigneur d’Ardres, despite the claim made by [her son] “Balduinus de Varneselia et de Harselia dominus” that he was the closer heir as the son of “Agnes soror...Ardensis domini quondam Balduini” which was rejected as his mother was deceased[1105]m --- Seigneur de Varneselle et de Harselle, son of --- (-before 1147). 

iv)       ADELINE d’Ardres (-after 1147).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "Markiniensi vicecomiti Arnoldo de Colvida" held land “in Ardea ex parte uxoris sue Adeline”, adding that she was “domini Balduini soror[1106]m ARNAUD de Colvide Vicomte de Marchiennes, son of ---. 

v)        ALASIA d’Ardres (-after 1147).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "Alaisam...uxoris sue Adeline sororem adhuc puellam et usque in finem dierum suorum...virginem sed et innuptam" was granted "apud Welenas iuxta Tournehem"[1107]

e)         SIMON de Marchiennes .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Simonem de Markinio” as the younger son of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his second wife “Adelidem, senis Eustacii de Liskis[1108]m ---.  The name of Simon’s wife is not known.  Simon & his wife had three children: 

i)          EUSTACHE [de Calquelle] .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Eustacii et Willelmi et Iwiani de Calquella” as the sons of “Simonem de Markinio”, younger son of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his second wife[1109]

ii)         GUILLAUME [de Calquelle] .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Eustacii et Willelmi et Iwiani de Calquella” as the sons of “Simonem de Markinio”, younger son of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his second wife[1110]

iii)        IWAN [de Calquelle] .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Eustacii et Willelmi et Iwiani de Calquella” as the sons of “Simonem de Markinio”, younger son of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his second wife[1111]

f)          NATALIE .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Nataliam” as the first daughter of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his second wife “Adelidem, senis Eustacii de Liskis”, adding that she married “Henrico de Ghisnis, patri Guffridi baronis[1112]

g)         WINDESMODE .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Windesmodam” as the second daughter of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his second wife “Adelidem, senis Eustacii de Liskis”, adding that she married “Pagano de Norhout[1113]m PAGAN de Norhout, son of ---. 

h)         CLARISSE .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Clarisciam” as the third daughter of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his second wife “Adelidem, senis Eustacii de Liskis”, adding that she married “Reinaro figulo de Tornehem[1114]m REINER, son of ---. 

i)          HEILA .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Heilam” as the fourth daughter of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his second wife “Adelidem, senis Eustacii de Liskis”, adding that she married “Balduino Harscaro de Iuderham[1115]m BAUDOUIN, son of ---. 

j)          BEATRIX .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Beatricem” as the fifth daughter of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his second wife “Adelidem, senis Eustacii de Liskis”, adding that she married firstly “Rogero de Basinghem[1116].  The source does not name Beatrix’s second husband.  m firstly ROGER de Basinghem, son of ---.  m secondly ---. 

k)         ELISABETH .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Belam sive Elizabeth” as the sixth daughter of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his second wife “Adelidem, senis Eustacii de Liskis”, adding that she married “Willelmo de Erlehem[1117]

l)          SARAH .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names “Sarram” as the seventh daughter of "apud Markinium...vicecomes, Ghisnensis...comitis...Elembertus" and his second wife “Adelidem, senis Eustacii de Liskis”, adding that she married “Fulconi de Mercuricio, patri Symonis de Calcata[1118]m FOULQUES de Mercure, son of ---. 

 

 

Two siblings, parents not identified.  Nor has the process been identified whereby Arnaud de Colvide succeeded Arnaud [I] (named in 1136, see above) as Vicomte de Marchiennes, unless the vicomté formed part of the dowry for his marriage to Arnaud [I]’s daughter. 

 

1.         ARNAUD de Colvide (-[1176])Vicomte de Marchiennes after 1136.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium quotes a charter under which “B....heres et dominus Ardee” donated property to Ardres, dated 1144, witnessed by “...Arnulphus Marciniensis vicecomes sororius noster...[1119]Seigneur d’Ardres 1147.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that, after the death of "Balduino...patre meo", "Markiniensi vicecomiti Arnoldo de Colvida sororio suo" was installed as seigneur d’Ardres, despite the claim made by “Balduinus de Varneselia et de Harselia dominus” that he was the closer heir as the son of “Agnes soror...Ardensis domini quondam Balduini” which was rejected as his mother was deceased[1120].  "...Ernoldus dominus de Arda, Simon frater eius..." witnessed the undated charter, dated to after 1146, under which "Ernoldus...comes Gisnensis" confirmed donations to Saint-Bertin[1121].  "...Arnulfus vicecomes de Arda, Simon frater eius..." witnessed the undated charter, dated to after 1146, under which "Arnulfus...comes Gisnensium" donated property to Clairmarests abbey[1122].  "...Arnoldus vicecomes..." witnessed the undated charter, dated to [1146/69], under which "Arnulfus... Gisnensium comes" donated property to Clairmarests abbey[1123].  "...Arnulfus vicecomes de Marchennes..." witnessed the undated charter, dated to [1146/69], under which "Arnulfi... Guisnensium comitis" donated property to Clairmarests abbey[1124]m ADELINE d’Ardres, daughter of ARNAUD [I] Seigneur d’Ardres & his wife Gertrude --- (-after 1147).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "Markiniensi vicecomiti Arnoldo de Colvida" held land “in Ardea ex parte uxoris sue Adeline”, adding that she was “domini Balduini soror[1125].  Arnaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         CHRISTIANE d’Ardres (-2 Jul 1177).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Christianam Ardensis domini filiam" as wife of "Balduinus Ghisnensis comitis Arnoldi filius"[1126].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that "Ernulfus de Hardres" gave "Toleshund" in Essex, Hertfordshire to "Baldewino comiti in maritagio cum filia sua"[1127].  "Baldewinus Gisnensium comes et Christiana comitissa uxor mea" donated property to "Willelmi abbatis de Claromaresch" by charter dated Jul 1174, witnessed by "…Arnulfo vicecomite de Markenes, Eustathio de Bavelinghem, Hugone filio eius…"[1128].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records the death "1177 VI Non Iul" of "Ghisnensis comitissa Christiana" and her burial "Andrensis ecclesie"[1129]m BAUDOUIN de Guines, son of ARNOUL [I] Comte de Guines & his wife Mathilde de Saint-Omer (-2 Jan 1205, bur Andres).  He succeeded his father in 1169 as Comte de Guines

2.         SIMON .  "...Ernoldus dominus de Arda, Simon frater eius..." witnessed the undated charter, dated to after 1146, under which "Ernoldus...comes Gisnensis" confirmed donations to Saint-Bertin[1130].  "...Arnulfus vicecomes de Arda, Simon frater eius..." witnessed the undated charter, dated to after 1146, under which "Arnulfus ...comes Gisnensium" donated property to Clairmarests abbey[1131]

 

 

 

E.      SEIGNEURS de BAVELINGHEM

 

 

1.         HEREMAR de Bavelinghemm ---.  The name of Heremar’s wife is not known.  Heremar & his wife had one child: 

a)         EUSTACHE de Bavelinghem .  Didier Bishop of Morins confirmed the properties of Notre-Dame de Licques, including the donation of “decimam in parrochia de Alderwich” made by “Manasses et dominus eius Balduinus de Arda” later confirmed by “Eustachius de Bavelingehem et Hugo filius eius”, by charter dated 1170[1132]m ADELAIDE, illegitimate daughter of ROBERT Comte de Guines & his mistress ---.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Adelidem" as daughter of "Manasses [comes Ghisnensi]" and "puella apud Ghisnas oriunda", naming her husband "Eustacio filio Heremari de Balinghehen" and their six children[1133].  Eustache & his wife had six children:

i)          EUSTACHE de Bavelinghem .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Eustacium primogenitum, qui factus miles iuvenis mortuus est" as the oldest son of "Eustacio filio Heremari de Balinghehen" and his wife[1134]

ii)         HUGUES de Bavelinghem .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Hugonem" as the second son of "Eustacio filio Heremari de Balinghehen" and his wife[1135].  Didier Bishop of Morins confirmed the properties of Notre-Dame de Licques, including the donation of “decimam in parrochia de Alderwich” made by “Manasses et dominus eius Balduinus de Arda” later confirmed by “Eustachius de Bavelingehem et Hugo filius eius”, by charter dated 1170[1136]m MATHILDE [Matha], daughter of --- & his wife Laurette de Hammis.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "Hugonem", second son of "Eustacio filio Heremari de Balinghehen" and his wife, married “Mathildem puerili nomine Matham appellatam, filiam Laurette de Hammis[1137]

(1)       ADELAIDE de Bavelinghem .  William of Andres records that "dominum Arnulphum de Kaeu et dominam Adelidem de Bavelinghem uxorem eius" donated property "apud Diependale" to the abbey of Andres, confirming the donation made by "dominum Hugonem patrem ipsius domine" before the marriage of "filiam suam", with the consent of "domini Balduini comitis Gisnensis", dated to 1196[1138].  "Dominum Arnulfus de Kaieu et dominam Adelidem de Bavelingem uxorem eius" donated property to the abbey of Andres, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Anselmi, Willelmi", by charter dated 1196[1139].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Adelidem" as the only daughter of "Hugonem" (son of "Eustacio…de Balinghehen" and his wife Adelaide illegitimate daughter of Robert [Manassès] Comte de Guines) and his wife "Mathildem puerili nomine Matham…filiam Laurette de Hammis", adding that she married firstly "Ernulpho de Caiou" and secondly "Danieli fratri Sigeri castellani de Gandavo"[1140]m firstly ARNOUL [I] de Cayeux, son of --- (-after Apr 1197).  m secondly DANIEL de Gand, son of SIGER [II] Châtelain de Gand & his wife Petronille de Courtrai (-before 1233). 

iii)        GREGOIRE de Bavelinghem .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Gregorium...Andrensis ecclesie monachum" as the third son of "Eustacio filio Heremari de Balinghehen" and his wife, adding that he was elected abbot but withdrew before his benediction[1141]

iv)       FRUMOLD de Bavelinghem .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Frumoldem...et Simonem" as fourth and fifth sons of "Eustacio filio Heremari de Balinghehen" and his wife[1142]

v)        SIMON de Bavelinghem .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Frumoldem...et Simonem" as fourth and fifth sons of "Eustacio filio Heremari de Balinghehen" and his wife[1143].  

vi)       HAVIDE de Bavelinghem .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Havidem" as the daughter of "Eustacio filio Heremari de Balinghehen" and his wife, adding that she married “Balduino Seni de Ermelinghen, Bolonie constabulario[1144]m BAUDOUIN de Hermelinghem, son of ---. 

 

 

 

F.      CHÂTELAINS de BOURBOURG

 

 

1.         THEMARD (-killed [1126/27]).  Châtelain de Bourbourg.  "…Froulfus castellanus de Bergis, Theorardus castellanus Broburgensis…Bernoldus de Insula…" signed a charter dated 14 Oct 1104 under which Robert II Count of Flanders donated revenue to the monastery of Bourbourg[1145].  "…Levrardi castellani de Broburg, Froolfi castellani de Bergis…Bernoldi de Insula, Malgeri et Johannis fratris eius" signed a charter dated 21 Mar 1107 under which Robert II Count of Flanders donated property to the monastery of Bourbourg[1146].  "…Theinardus castellanus, Frooldus castellanus, Willelmus castellanus…Bernoldus ex Insula, Malgerus nepos eius, Johannes frater eius, Jordan, Folco filius Malgeri…" signed a charter dated 1112 under which Baudouin VII Count of Flanders donated revenue to the monastery of Bourbourg[1147].  "Teinardi castellani de Brodburc, Heinrici filii eius…" signed the charter dated 1119, before 17 Jun, under which Baudouin VII Count of Flanders confirmed the possessions of Saint-Bertin[1148].  “Thomardus castellanus de Brochburgh, Walterus filius eius...” witnessed the charter dated 1121 under which Charles Count of Flanders confirmed properties of “abbatiæ S. Winnoci Bergensis[1149].  "Themardi Broburgensis castellani…Bernoldi de Insula…" signed a charter dated 22 Jun 1121 under which Charles Count of Flanders donated property to the monastery of Bourbourg[1150].  The Vita Karoli Comitis Flandriæ records that "Theinardum Brugburgensem castellanum" was killed during the rebellion against Charles Count of Flanders[1151].  Galbert of Bruges records that "castellanum ex Brudburch" was killed[1152]m LIVILDIS, daughter of ---.  “Baldevinus Bruburgensium castellanus” confirmed donations to Notre-Dame de Licques made by “avia mea Livildis castellana”, which he had previously opposed, by charter dated 1176[1153].  Thémard & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         HENRI (-after 1162, bur Saint-Bertin).  "Teinardi castellani de Brodburc, Heinrici filii eius…" signed the charter dated 1119, before 17 Jun, under which Baudouin VII Count of Flanders confirmed the possessions of Saint-Bertin[1154].  "…Henrici filii Teinardi, Gisleberti fratris eius…" signed the charter dated 1125 under which Charles Count of Flanders confirmed the jurisdiction of Saint-Bertin over "la terre de Bourgbourg" against the claims of the châtelain[1155]Châtelain de Bourbourg

-        see below

b)         WALTER (-killed [1126/27]).  “Thomardus castellanus de Brochburgh, Walterus filius eius...” witnessed the charter dated 1121 under which Charles Count of Flanders confirmed properties of “abbatiæ S. Winnoci Bergensis[1156].  The Vita Karoli Comitis Flandriæ records that "Theinardum Brugburgensem castellanum…duos…castellani filios Galterum…et Gislabertum" were killed during the rebellion against Charles Count of Flanders[1157].  Galbert of Bruges records that "duo filii castellani ex Brudburch…Walterus et Giselbertus" were killed[1158]

c)         GILBERT (-killed [1126/27]).  "…Henrici filii Teinardi, Gisleberti fratris eius…" signed the charter dated 1125 under which Charles Count of Flanders confirmed the jurisdiction of Saint-Bertin over "la terre de Bourgbourg" against the claims of the châtelain[1159].  The Vita Karoli Comitis Flandriæ records that "Theinardum Brugburgensem castellanum…duos…castellani filios Galterum…et Gislabertum" were killed during the rebellion against Charles Count of Flanders[1160].  Galbert of Bruges records that "duo filii castellani ex Brudburch…Walterus et Giselbertus" were killed[1161]

 

 

HENRI de Bourbourg, son of THEMARD Châtelain de Bourbourg & his wife Livildis --- (-after 1162, bur Saint-Bertin).  "Teinardi castellani de Brodburc, Heinrici filii eius…" signed the charter dated 1119, before 17 Jun, under which Baudouin VII Count of Flanders confirmed the possessions of Saint-Bertin[1162].  "…Henrici filii Teinardi, Gisleberti fratris eius…" signed the charter dated 1125 under which Charles Count of Flanders confirmed the jurisdiction of Saint-Bertin over "la terre de Bourgbourg" against the claims of the châtelain[1163]Châtelain de Bourbourg.  "…Henricus de Brocborc…" signed the charter dated 14 Apr 1127 under which Guillaume Count of Flanders granted privileges to the town of Saint-Omer[1164].  Galbert of Bruges names "castellano ex Brudburg Heinrico" in early 1128[1165].  “Manasses Gisnensium comes, Emma comitissa, Henricus castellanus de Brochborc, Livildis mater sua, Mathildis, Adaliza, sorores suæ…” [from the context the last three named witnesses were related to the donor] witnessed the charter dated 1130 under which "Henricus de Campanies" donated property to Andres[1166].  "…Henrico castellano Broburgensi, Beatrice uxore eius, Balduino, Henrico, Gilleberto filiis eius…Henrico de Insula…Lamberto de Insula…" signed the charter dated to [1150] which records that "Beatricis castellane Broburgensis" granted a serf to the monastery of Bourbourg[1167].  "…Henrici castellani de Brocborc…" signed the charter dated 1151 under which Thierry Count of Flanders donated property to the town of Saint-Omer[1168].  "…Henrici de Broburc constabuli, Rogeri de Wavrin, Rogeri castellani de Curtrai…Gualtero castellani de Duaco…" signed the charter dated 1154 under which Thierry Count of Flanders confirmed an agreement between the abbey of Saint-Amand and "Stephanus ministerialis ville Sancti-Amandi" concerning the injustices by "avus eius Almannus"[1169].  "…Henricus castellanus de Brubborg…" signed the charter dated to [1157] under which Thierry Count of Flanders donated property to the town of Saint-Omer[1170].  "…Heinricus castellanus de Broborc…" signed the charter dated 1162 under which "Willelmus de Ipres…cum Leliosa consanguinea mea et cum filia sua Petronilla" donated revenue from landto the abbey of Bourbourg[1171].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "Henricum" was buried at Saint-Bertin[1172]

m firstly SIBYLLE [Rose] de Guines, daughter of MANASSES Comte de Guines & his wife Emma d’Arques.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Sibillam…Rosam nominatam" as the only daughter of "Manasses [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife, naming her husband "castellano Broburgensi Henrico" and specifying that she was buried "in monasterio beate Marie de Capella"[1173].  “Manasses…Gisnensium comes…cum uxore mea Emma et filia Rosa” confirmed possessions of Andres by undated charter[1174]

m secondly BEATRIX van Aalst, daughter of BOUDEWIJN Heer van Aalst & his wife Lutgarde van Grimberghe.  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Beatricem" as daughter of "Balduinus…Gernobodatus" and his wife, adding that she married "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio"[1175].  A charter dated to [1150] records that "Beatricis castellane Broburgensis" granted a serf to the monastery of Bourbourg, signed by "…Henrico castellano Broburgensi, Beatrice uxore eius, Balduino, Henrico, Gilleberto filiis eius…Henrico de Insula…Lamberto de Insula…"[1176]

Henri & his first wife had one child: 

1.         BEATRIX de Bourbourg (after 1120-[1146], bur Abbey of La Capelle).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Beatricem" as the only daughter of "castellano Broburgensi Henrico" & his wife Sibylle/Rose, and her marriage in England to "Alberto Apro"[1177].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records the separation of "Albertus Aper et Beatrix", her second marriage to "domino Balduino" and her death soon after[1178].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that "pater meus [Balduinus]" married "Broburgensis castellani nobilis Henrici et Rose Ghisnensis comitis Manassis filie, filia Beatrice...Ghisnensis comitatus herede"[1179]m firstly (1139, divorced before May 1146) as his first wife, AUBREY [III] de Vere, son of AUBREY [II] de Vere & his wife Adelisa [Alice] de Clare ([1110]-26 Dec 1194, bur Colne Priory).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that he succeeded his wife's grandfather as Comte de Guines in 1139 but appointed "Arnoldum de Hammis Comestorum appellatum filium Roberti" as his bailly in Guines[1180].  He confirmed grants in England as "Count Aubrey" from [1140/41][1181].  Empress Matilda installed him as Master Chamberlain of England and created him Earl of Oxford in [1142].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records the separation of "Albertus Aper et Beatrix"[1182], after which he ceased to be Comte de Guines.  m secondly (1146, before May) as his third wife, BAUDOUIN Seigneur d'Ardres, son of ARNAUD [I] Seigneur d’Ardres & his wife Gertrude --- (-at sea 1147). 

Henri & his second wife had twelve children: 

2.         BAUDOUIN (-after 22 Apr 1178, bur Bourbourg Sainte-Marie).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Balduinum…Walterum et Henricum, Gillebertum et Rodolphum, Sigerum et Walterum" as the seven sons of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix[1183].  "…Henrico castellano Broburgensi, Beatrice uxore eius, Balduino, Henrico, Gilleberto filiis eius…" signed the charter dated to [1150] which records that "Beatricis castellane Broburgensis" granted a serf to the monastery of Bourbourg[1184].  “...Balduini castellani de Bourbourg...” witnessed the charter dated 1169 under which Philippe Count of Flanders founded canons at Artois Saint-Pierre[1185].  “Baldevinus Bruburgensium castellanus” confirmed donations to Notre-Dame de Licques made by “avia mea Livildis castellana”, which he had previously opposed, by charter dated 1176[1186]Bauduin châtelain de Bourbourg” confirmed the donation to the hospital of Saint-Nicholas near Bourbourg made by “feu Henri son père” by charter dated 22 Apr 1178, witnessed by “Clémence sa femme, Wautier son frère…[1187]The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that Baudouin, son of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix, was buried "in ecclesia sancte Marie Broburgensis" but died childless[1188]m CLEMENCE de Béthune, daughter of ROBERT [V] "le Roux" Seigneur de Béthune & his wife Adelaide --- (-19 Sep, after 1178).  “Clementiæ dominæ de Chokes, matri Roberti advocati de Bethunia” donated “terram…Mansus” to "abbas S. Johannis de Chokes", with the consent of "filio eius Roberto Betuniensi advocato et uxore eius Adelide et filiis eius Roberto, Baldewyno, Willermo et filia eius Clementia"[1189].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that Baudouin, son of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix, married "Elizabeth filiam advocati Roberti de Bethunia" but died childless[1190].  The correct name of Baudouin’s wife is recorded in another document: “Balduini castellani de Broburc...cum uxore sua Clementia” donated “terram trans portum...Graueninga...” to Clermarest abbey by undated charter[1191].  The necrology of Béthune Saint-Barthélemy records the death “XIII Kal Oct” of “Clementiæ filiæ Roberti advocati[1192]

3.         GAUTHIER (-after 22 Apr 1178).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Balduinum…Walterum et Henricum, Gillebertum et Rodolphum, Sigerum et Walterum" as the seven sons of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix, adding that the first-named Gauthier died "adolescentulus"[1193]Bauduin châtelain de Bourbourg” confirmed the donation to the hospital of Saint-Nicholas near Bourbourg made by “feu Henri son père” by charter dated 22 Apr 1178, witnessed by “Clémence sa femme, Wautier son frère…[1194]

4.         HENRI .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Balduinum…Walterum et Henricum, Gillebertum et Rodolphum, Sigerum et Walterum" as the seven sons of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix, adding that the Henri died after being knighted[1195].  "…Henrico castellano Broburgensi, Beatrice uxore eius, Balduino, Henrico, Gilleberto filiis eius…" signed the charter dated to [1150] which records that "Beatricis castellane Broburgensis" granted a serf to the monastery of Bourbourg[1196]

5.         GILBERT .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Balduinum…Walterum et Henricum, Gillebertum et Rodolphum, Sigerum et Walterum" as the seven sons of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix, adding that the Gilbert lost his sight during a tournament[1197].  "…Henrico castellano Broburgensi, Beatrice uxore eius, Balduino, Henrico, Gilleberto filiis eius…" signed the charter dated to [1150] which records that "Beatricis castellane Broburgensis" granted a serf to the monastery of Bourbourg[1198]

6.         RAOUL (-bur Péronne).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Balduinum…Walterum et Henricum, Gillebertum et Rodolphum, Sigerum et Walterum" as the seven sons of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix, adding that Raoul was "Noviomensis ecclesie decanus", was elected bishop but died and was buried "Perone sancti Fursei"[1199]

7.         SIGER (-bur Bourbourg Sainte-Marie).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Balduinum…Walterum et Henricum, Gillebertum et Rodolphum, Sigerum et Walterum" as the seven sons of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix, adding that Siger died soon after his brother Raoul and was buried "beate Marie Broburgensis"[1200]

8.         GAUTHIER .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Balduinum…Walterum et Henricum, Gillebertum et Rodolphum, Sigerum et Walterum" as the seven sons of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix[1201]m as her first husband, MATHILDE de Béthune, daughter of ROBERT [V] "le Roux" Seigneur de Béthune & his wife Adelaide --- (-7 Dec 1220).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that Gauthier, son of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix married "advocati Roberti de Bethunia filiam Mathildem sororem Elizabeth"[1202].  Her parentage and marriage are also indicated by the 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d’Angleterre which records that "Robiers de Biethune" captured "Gisnes el castiel" and "la contesse…sa cousine germaine" (who was Mathilde’s daughter), dated to [1214] from the context[1203].  She married secondly Hugues de Houdain.  She married thirdly as his second wife, Baudouin [II] de Comines.  “Matildis de Hosdagnio et Balduinus de Cominis maritus meus” and “Danielem advocatum Attrebatensem et dominum Bethuniensem” divided “terra de Chockes” between them, inherited from “Aelide filia Balduini quondam comitis de Aubeni”, by charter dated Jan 1216 (O.S.), with the seal of “Mathildis domine de Hosden et castellanee de Broburg” attached[1204].  Baudouin "Dominus Robertus, Wilhelmus, Joannes de Bethunia, fratres Danielis tunc temporis domini Bethuniensis, Atrebatensis advocati, et Amalricus de Fontenella, milites, Beatridis comitissa de Gisnes, et Katarina sorores" witnessed the charter dated Nov 1220 under which "Mathildis de Housdaing…domina de Chockes" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Choques[1205].  The necrology of Choques records the death “VII Id Dec” of “Mathildis de Bethunia domina de Choques, mater Beatricis comitssæ de Gisnes” and her donation of “vivarium de Pugnoia[1206].  “Daniel advocatus Attrebatensis et dominus Betuniæ” confirmed that “Ioannes de Calceia et Aelidis uxor eius et Hugo eorum primogenitus” confirmed the donation to Choques abbey made by “Matildis de Husdaing domina de Chockes in plena vita sua” by charter dated Nov 1224[1207].  Gauthier & his wife had three children: 

a)         HENRI (-before Nov 1220).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Henricum et Beatricem" as children of Gauthier de Bourbourg and his wife[1208]

b)         BEATRIX de Bourbourg (-Bourbourg Aug 1224).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Henricum et Beatricem apud Broburgensem in claustro sanctimonialis" as children of Gauthier de Bourbourg and his wife[1209].  Her marriage and family origin are indicated by the 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d’Angleterre which records that "Robiers de Biethune" captured "Gisnes el castiel" and "la contesse…sa cousine germaine", dated to [1214] from the context[1210].  Heiress of Bourbourg and Aalst.  "Dominus Robertus, Wilhelmus, Joannes de Bethunia, fratres Danielis tunc temporis domini Bethuniensis, Atrebatensis advocati, et Amalricus de Fontenella, milites, Beatridis comitissa de Gisnes, et Katarina sorores" witnessed the charter dated Nov 1220 under which "Mathildis de Housdaing…domina de Chockes" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Choques[1211].  "Beatrix comitissa de Gisnes et castellana de Bourbourch" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Choques, for the souls of "patris mei Walteri castellani de Bourbourch et matris meæ Mathildis de Bethunia dominæ de Chokes et Arnoldi comitis Gisnensis mariti mei et fratris mei Henrici castellani de Bourbourch", by charter dated 12 May 1221[1212].  The Chronica Andrensis records the death in Aug 1224 "apud Broburgh" of "Beatrix comitissa de Gisnes et castellana de Broburg" after a reconciliation with her eldest son Baudouin following many disputes after the death of her husband[1213].  "Beatrix comitissa de Gisnes et castellana de Broborg" donated property at Bounham to build a monastery, for the souls of "Arnulphi mariti mei comitis de Gisnes, patris mei Waltheri castellani de Broborg, matrique meæ Mathildis de Bethunia", by charter dated Dec 1223[1214]m (before Mar 1200) ARNOUL Comte de Guines, son of BAUDOUIN Comte de Guines & his wife Christine d'Ardres (-1220, bur Ardres). 

c)         CATHERINE (-after Nov 1220).  "Dominus Robertus, Wilhelmus, Joannes de Bethunia, fratres Danielis tunc temporis domini Bethuniensis, Atrebatensis advocati, et Amalricus de Fontenella, milites, Beatridis comitissa de Gisnes, et Katarina sorores" witnessed the charter dated Nov 1220 under which "Mathildis de Housdaing…domina de Chockes" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Choques[1215]

9.         MABILE de Bourbourg .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Mabilia…Mathildis…Luthgarda…Adelidis…Beatrix" as the five daughters of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix, adding that Mabile married "Balduino de Bailliolo" and was made "Yprensis vicecomitissa"[1216]m BAUDOUIN de Bailleul, son of ---. 

10.      MATHILDE de Bourbourg .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Mabilia…Mathildis…Luthgarda…Adelidis…Beatrix" as the five daughters of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix, adding that Mathilde was "Broburgensis ecclesia abbatis"[1217].  Abbess of Bourbourg. 

11.      LUITGARDE de Bourbourg .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Mabilia…Mathildis…Luthgarda…Adelidis…Beatrix" as the five daughters of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix, adding that Luitgarde married "Arnoldo de Cuerthedra"[1218]m ARNAUD de Cuerthedra, son of ---. 

12.      ADELAIDE de Bourbourg .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Mabilia…Mathildis…Luthgarda…Adelidis…Beatrix" as the five daughters of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix, adding that Adelaide married "Stephano de Sinninghem"[1219]m STEFAN van Sinninghem, son of ---. 

13.      BEATRIX de Bourbourg .  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Mabilia…Mathildis…Luthgarda…Adelidis…Beatrix" as the five daughters of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix, adding that Beatrix remained unmarried[1220]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    COMTES de HESDIN

 

 

 

A.      COMTES de HESDIN

 

 

1.         ALULFE (-after 1000).  Comte de Hesdin.  Rameric abbot of Saint-Vallois de Montreuil granted "vill[am] Caveronis" to "Alulphum comitem…Hisdini" and installed him as "advocatum" by charter dated 1000[1221]

 

2.         ALULFE de Hesdin (-after May 1047).  “…Alulfi de Hesdin…” subscribed the charter dated May 1047 under which Baudouin V Count of Flanders confirmed the possessions of Marciennes abbey[1222]

 

3.         GAUTHIER de Hesdin (-after 1065).  Comte de Hesdin.  "…Arnulphi de Aldinarda, Walterii de Chimai, Walteri comitis de Hesdin, Balduini comitis de Gisnes, Walteri castellani Duacensis…" signed the charter dated 1065 under Philippe I King of France confirmed the rights of Hasnon abbey[1223]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         ENGUERRAND de Hesdin (-after 1094).  "Enguerrannus" donated "ecclesiam sancti Georgi sitam juxta…castrum Hisdin" to the abbey of Anchin, with the advice of "conjugis mee Mathildis", by charter dated 1094[1224].  Baudouin VII Count of Flanders attested that "Walterio Hisdinensi" had committed to defend the abbey of Saint-Silvin d’Auchy, founded by "avunculus suus Ingerannus", by charter dated 15 Feb 1113[1225].  Duvivier dates the foundation to [1079] but he does not cite the primary source on which this is based[1226]m MATHILDE, daughter of --- (-after 1094).  "Enguerrannus" donated "ecclesiam sancti Georgi sitam juxta…castrum Hisdin" to the abbey of Anchin, with the advice of "conjugis mee Mathildis", by charter dated 1094[1227].  Her marriage is also suggested by the charter dated 1126 under which Charles Count of Flanders and "Anselmus Hisdinensis consul" returned property, on which "Mathildis comitissa olim" had constructed and from which "Walterus Hisdinensis" had expelled her, to the abbey of Saint-Silvin d’Auchy[1228]

2.         --- de Hesdinm ---.  One child: 

a)         GAUTHIER de Hesdin (-before 1126).  Baudouin VII Count of Flanders attested that "Walterio Hisdinensi" had committed to defend the abbey of Saint-Silvin d’Auchy, founded by "avunculus suus Ingerannus", by charter dated 15 Feb 1113, signed by "…Willelmus castellanus Sancti Audomari, Rogerus castellanus Islensis, Geraufus castellanus Casletensis…Robertus nepos Rogeri castellani Islensis…"[1229]Comte de Hesdin.  An undated charter of Charles Count of Flanders confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Silvin d’Auchy "in…comitatu Hisdinensi" and records that "Walterus Hisdinorum comes…heres…[Ingelramni]…cum uxore sua et filio" consented to the charter[1230]m ---.  Gauthier & his wife had one child: 

i)          son .  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter of Charles Count of Flanders confirming the property of the abbey of Saint-Silvin d’Auchy "in…comitatu Hisdinensi" which records that "Walterus Hisdinorum comes…heres…[Ingelramni]…cum uxore sua et filio" consented to the charter[1231]

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de HOUDAIN

 

 

1.         ANSELME de Houdain (-after 1096).  Ansellus Valencen, castellan. Ribedimontis et Oestrevandie dominus” founded Anchin abbey by charter dated 1096, in the presence of “...Anselmus de Houdeng...[1232]

 

 

1.         ANSELME de Houdain (-after 1145).  From a chronological point of view, it is possible that Anselme de Houdain was the same person as the unnamed son of Gauthier de Hesdin shown above in Part A of this chapter, although it has not yet been ascertained whether the names Hesdin/Houdain are the same.  According to Du Chesne, Anselme de Houdain was the son and grandson of two other individuals named Anselme de Houdain but he cites no primary source on which he bases his statements[1233].  Charles Count of Flanders and "Anselmus Hisdinensis consul" returned property, on which "Mathildis comitissa olim" had constructed and from which "Walterus Hisdinensis" had expelled her, to the abbey of Saint-Silvin d’Auchy, by charter dated 1126, signed by "…Frumoldo castellano Yprensi, Willelmo filio Willelmi castellani de Sancto Audomaro…"[1234].  "…Anselmus de Hesdinio…" signed the charter dated 14 Apr 1127 under which Guillaume Count of Flanders granted privileges to the town of Saint-Omer[1235].  “...Anselmus de Housdeng...” witnessed the charter dated Jul 1129 under which “Hugo castellanus de Cambrai et dom. de Oisy” donated property to Mont Saint-Eloi[1236].  A charter dated 1145 records that “Ansellus de Hosden et Aiglina uxor eius” donated property “qui leur apartenoit du chef de ladite dame au village de Courcelles le Comte” to Eaucourt abbey, Artois, with the consent of “Robert fils dudit Ansellus de Hosden et de Ingerannus comes Ternensis et de Anselm frère dudit Ingelrannus...Adelais seur de ladite Aiglina[1237].  “Ingerranus...comes de Sancto Paulo” donated property “de Beueri villa” to Marciennes abbey, with the consent of “fratris mei Anselmi et Anselmi de Hosden sororii mei et sororis mei Agelinæ et filii eius Roberti”, by undated charter witnessed by “...Elberti de Carenci...Anselmi de Pas...[1238]m AIGELINE, daughter of [HUGUES [III] "Candavène" Comte de Saint-Pol & his first wife ---] (-after 1145).  A charter dated 1145 records that “Ansellus de Hosden et Aiglina uxor eius” donated property “qui leur apartenoit du chef de ladite dame au village de Courcelles le Comte” to Eaucourt abbey, Artois, with the consent of “Robert fils dudit Ansellus de Hosden et de Ingerannus comes Ternensis et de Anselm frère dudit Ingelrannus...Adelais seur de ladite Aiglina[1239].  “Ingerranus...comes de Sancto Paulo” donated property “de Beueri villa” to Marciennes abbey, with the consent of “fratris mei Anselmi et Anselmi de Hosden sororii mei et sororis mei Agelinæ et filii eius Roberti”, by undated charter witnessed by “...Elberti de Carenci...Anselmi de Pas...[1240].  Anselme & his wife had children: 

a)         ROBERT .  A charter dated 1145 records that “Ansellus de Hosden et Aiglina uxor eius” donated property “qui leur apartenoit du chef de ladite dame au village de Courcelles le Comte” to Eaucourt abbey, Artois, with the consent of “Robert fils dudit Ansellus de Hosden et de Ingerannus comes Ternensis et de Anselm frère dudit Ingelrannus...Adelais seur de ladite Aiglina”, by charter dated 1145[1241].  “Ingerranus...comes de Sancto Paulo” donated property “de Beueri villa” to Marciennes abbey, with the consent of “fratris mei Anselmi et Anselmi de Hosden sororii mei et sororis mei Agelinæ et filii eius Roberti”, by undated charter witnessed by “...Elberti de Carenci...Anselmi de Pas...[1242]

b)         HUGUES de Houdain .  Du Chesne names “Hugues Seigneur de Houdain...Robert de Houdain, Enguerran et Guy” as the children of “Anselme III Seigneur de Houdain” but he does not cite the corresponding primary sources[1243].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. m ---.  The name of Hugues’s wife is not known.  Hugues & his wife had one child: 

i)          BEATRIX de Houdain .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. Du Chesne names “Beatrix Dame de Houdain mariée avec Siger II Chastellain de Gand” as the child of “Hugues Seigneur de Houdain” but he does not cite the corresponding primary source[1244]"Sigerus castellanus Gandensis" donated property to Affleghem, for the anniversaries of "meum et matris mæ Petronillæ et uxoris meæ Beatricis", with the consent of “Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Sigerus filius meus”, by charter dated 1218[1245]m SIGER Châtelain de Gand, son of SIGER [II] Châtelain de Gand & his wife Petronille de Courtrai (-1227 or after). 

c)         ENGUERRAND de HoudainDu Chesne names “Hugues Seigneur de Houdain...Robert de Houdain, Enguerran et Guy” as the children of “Anselme III Seigneur de Houdain” but he does not cite the corresponding primary sources[1246]

d)         GUY de HoudainDu Chesne names “Hugues Seigneur de Houdain...Robert de Houdain, Enguerran et Guy” as the children of “Anselme III Seigneur de Houdain” but he does not cite the corresponding primary sources[1247]

2.         EUSTACHE de HoudainDu Chesne names “Anselme III Seigneur de Houdain, Eustache de Houdain Seigneur de Choques et Geofroy de Houdain” as the children of “Anselme II Seigneur de Houdain” but he does not cite the corresponding primary sources[1248]Seigneur de Choques (part).  m ---.  The name of Eustache’s wife is not known.  Eustache & his wife had one child: 

a)         ANSELME d’HoudainDu Chesne names “Anselme de Houdain dit de Choques Seigneur du mesme lieu...Hugues de Houdain aussi Seigneur de Choques en partie” as the children of “Eustache de Houdain Seigneur de Choques” but he does not cite the corresponding primary sources[1249]

b)         HUGUES de Houdain .  Du Chesne names “Anselme de Houdain dit de Choques Seigneur du mesme lieu...Hugues de Houdain aussi Seigneur de Choques en partie” as the children of “Eustache de Houdain Seigneur de Choques” but he does not cite the corresponding primary sources[1250]m as her second husband, MATHILDE de Béthune, widow of GAUTHIER de Bourbourg, daughter of ROBERT [V] "le Roux" Seigneur de Béthune & his wife Adelaide --- (-7 Dec 1220).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that Gauthier, son of "Broburgensi castellano Henrico, Deinardi filio" and his wife Beatrix married "advocati Roberti de Bethunia filiam Mathildem sororem Elizabeth"[1251].  Her parentage and first marriage are also indicated by the 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d’Angleterre which records that "Robiers de Biethune" captured "Gisnes el castiel" and "la contesse…sa cousine germaine" (who was Mathilde’s daughter), dated to [1214] from the context[1252].  She married thirdly as his second wife, Baudouin [II] de Comines.  “Matildis de Hosdagnio et Balduinus de Cominis maritus meus” and “Danielem advocatum Attrebatensem et dominum Bethuniensem” divided “terra de Chockes” between them, inherited from “Aelide filia Balduini quondam comitis de Aubeni”, by charter dated Jan 1216 (O.S.), with the seal of “Mathildis domine de Hosden et castellanee de Broburg” attached[1253].  Baudouin "Dominus Robertus, Wilhelmus, Joannes de Bethunia, fratres Danielis tunc temporis domini Bethuniensis, Atrebatensis advocati, et Amalricus de Fontenella, milites, Beatridis comitissa de Gisnes, et Katarina sorores" witnessed the charter dated Nov 1220 under which "Mathildis de Housdaing…domina de Chockes" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Choques[1254].  "Beatrix comitissa de Gisnes et castellana de Bourbourch" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Choques, for the souls of "patris mei Walteri castellani de Bourbourch et matris meæ Mathildis de Bethunia dominæ de Chokes et Arnoldi comitis Gisnensis mariti mei et fratris mei Henrici castellani de Bourbourch", by charter dated 12 May 1221[1255].  The necrology of Choques records the death “VII Id Dec” of “Mathildis de Bethunia domina de Choques, mater Beatricis comitissæ de Gisnes” and her donation of “vivarium de Pugnoia[1256].  “Daniel advocatus Attrebatensis et dominus Betuniæ” confirmed that “Ioannes de Calceia et Aelidis uxor eius et Hugo eorum primogenitus” confirmed the donation to Choques abbey made by “Matildis de Husdaing domina de Chockes in plena vita sua” by charter dated Nov 1224[1257].  Hugues & his wife had one child: 

i)          ALIX de Houdain (-23 Feb after Jun 1248).  “Daniel advocatus Attrebatensis et dominus Betuniæ” confirmed that “Ioannes de Calceia et Aelidis uxor eius et Hugo eorum primogenitus” confirmed the donation to Choques abbey made by “Matildis de Husdaing domina de Chockes in plena vita sua” by charter dated Nov 1224[1258].  “Robertus Attrebatensis advocatus, Bethuniæ et Tenremondæ dominus” settled a dispute between Choques abbey and “consanguineam meam Aelidim de Calceia” by charter dated Aug 1244[1259].  “Aelis de Kauchie” confirmed that “ma mere Medame Mehaus de Housdaing” had donated property to Notre-Dame de Los near Lille during her lifetime, by charter dated Jun 1248[1260].  It has not yet been ascertained whether Alix was her mother’s daughter by her known marriage or by her possible second marriage.  The necrology of Choques records the death “VII Kal Mar” of “Adelidis de Calceia domina de Choques[1261]m JEAN de Cauchy, son of ---. 

3.         GEOFFROY de Houdain .  Du Chesne names “Anselme III Seigneur de Houdain, Eustache de Houdain Seigneur de Choques et Geofroy de Houdain” as the children of “Anselme II Seigneur de Houdain” but he does not cite the corresponding primary sources[1262]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    COMTES de LENS

 

 

Lens is located about 20 kilometres south-east of Béthune and the same distance north-west of Douai in the present-day French département of Pas-de-Calais.  Lens emerges from primary sources as a separate county in the mid-11th century, held by Lambert, younger son of Eustache [I] Comte de Boulogne.  The process by which the county was acquired by the Boulogne family has not been ascertained.  Lens continued to be held by the comtes de Boulogne at least until [1025].  On the death of Eustache [III] Comte de Boulogne without male heirs, it is not known whether Lens was inherited by his daughter along with Boulogne.  By the later 12th century, it appears likely that Lens was held by the counts of Flanders but, no information has been located which indicates how they acquired control of Lens.  The connection between Lens and Flanders is indicated by the charter dated 1163 under which Thierry Count of Flanders at “castellum Lens” confirmed the relative rights of the abbey of Gand Saint-Pierre and "Michael constabularius" in "ville de Harnes"[1263].  Lens in northern France should be distinguished from Lens in Hainaut, where a noble family is recorded from the mid-11th century (see the document HAINAUT). 

 

 

Siblings:

1.         EUSTACHE [II] "Gernobadatus" de Boulogne, son of EUSTACHE [I] Comte de Boulogne & his wife Mathilde de Louvain ([1015/20]-[soon after 1070/1087]).  The Genealogica comitum Buloniensium records that "Eustachium et Lantbertum" were sons of "comes Eustachius de Bolonia" and his wife Mathilde[1264].  He succeeded his father in [1049] as Comte de BoulogneComte de Lens 1054.  children: 

a)         EUSTACHE [III] de Boulogne (-1125 or after).  He succeeded as Comte de Boulogne, Comte de Lens

2.         LAMBERT de Boulogne (-killed in battle Phalampin 1054).  The Genealogica comitum Buloniensium records that "Eustachium et Lantbertum" were sons of "comes Eustachius de Bolonia" and his wife Mathilde[1265]Comte de Lens 1047.  After his death, the county of Lens reverted to his older brother Eustache [II][1266]m ([1053/54]) as her second husband, ADELAIS de Normandie, widow of ENGUERRAND [II] Comte de Montreuil Seigneur d’Aumâle, illegitimate daughter of ROBERT II Duke of Normandy & his mistress --- (-[1082/84]).  Robert de Torigny names "Aeliz" as the daughter of Duke Robert II "de alia concubina" from Herleve[1267].  The foundation charter of Saint-Martin d’Auchy names “Engueranni consulis qui filius fuit Berte supradicti Guerinfridi filie et Adelidis comitisse uxoris sue sororis…Willelmi Regis Anglorum[1268].  She retained the title Comtesse d'Aumâle after her first marriage.  Her second marriage is deduced from the foundation charter of Saint-Martin d’Auchy which names “Engueranni consulis qui filius fuit Berte supradicti Guerinfridi filie et Adelidis comitisse uxoris sue sororis…Willelmi Regis Anglorum” and “Judita comitissa domine supradicte filia[1269].  She married thirdly ([1060]) Eudes III Comte de Troyes [Blois].  Orderic Vitalis records that King William I granted "comitatum Hildernessæ" to "Odoni...Campaniensi nepoti Theobaldi comitis" who had married "sororem...regis filiam...Rodberti ducis"[1270].  Lambert & his wife had one child: 

a)         JUDITH (1054-after 1086).  The foundation charter of Saint-Martin d’Auchy narrates the church’s foundation by “Guerinfrido qui condidit castellum…Albamarla” and names “Engueranni consulis qui filius fuit Berte supradicti Guerinfridi filie et Adelidis comitisse uxoris sue sororis…Willelmi Regis Anglorum” and “Addelidis comitissa supradicti Engueranni et supradicte Adelidis filia…Judita comitissa domine supradicte filia[1271].  The Vita et Passio Waldevi Comitis records that “Waldevus” married “rex Willelmus…neptem suam Juettam filiam comitis Lamberti de Lens, sororem…Stephani comitis de Albemarlia[1272].  A manuscript records that “Juditha comitissa…uxor Waldevi comitis Huntingdon, et neptis Gulielmi Conquestoris” founded Elstow priory[1273]Orderic Vitalis records that King William I granted "comitatum Northamtoniæ" to "Guallevo comiti filio Sivardi" and "Judith neptem suam" in marriage[1274].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Judith uxoris suæ" betrayed “Guallevus comes” to the king in relation to the conspiracy with the earls of Hereford and Norfolk of which he was accused[1275]m (1070) WALTHEOF Earl of Huntingdon, son of SIWARD Earl of Northumbria & his wife Ælfled of Northumbria (-executed St Giles's Hill, Winchester 31 May 1076, bur Crowland Abbey). 

3.         others: see BOULOGNE

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    COMTES de MONTREUIL

 

 

 

1.         HELGAUD, son of --- (-[866]).  Abbé de Saint-Riquier.  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "le comte Helgaud" succeeded "Rodolphe…du sang imperial" as lay abbot of Saint-Riquier and that he was succeeded by "Guelfon…du sang royal"[1276].  "Rodolphe" is identified with Rudolf Comte de Sens, brother of Empress Judith, who died in 866, and "Guelfon" as Rudolf's son.  This casts doubt on the chronology of this passage as, if the relationship between Rudolf and Welf is correctly identified, it is likely that the son succeeded the father as lay abbot as such a post was often hereditary.  same person as…?  HELGAUD (-after 879).  Flodoard records "terra filiorum Balduini, Rodulfi quoque de Gangeio atque Hilgaudi" in 925[1277]Comte de Montreuil 877-879.  It is probable that Helgaud, abbé de Saint-Riquier, and his son Herluin are in fact the same people as Helgaud Comte de Montreuil 877-79 and his son Herluin who died in 945, and that the Chronique de Saint-Riquier is inaccurate in its chronology relating to the supposedly earlier father and son of these names.  m ---.  The name of Helgaud's wife is not known.  Helgaud & his wife had one child:

a)         HERLUIN (-killed in battle 13 Jul 945).  Flodoard names "Monasteriolum castellum Erluini filii Hilgaudi comitis" when recording that Montreuil was besieged by "Heribertus et Hugo"[1278].  The Chronique de Saint Riquier names "Herluin…comte" as son of "le comte Helgaud" lay abbot of Saint-Riquier[1279].  As noted above, it is possible that Helgaud and his son Herluin are in fact the same people as Helgaud Comte de Montreuil 877-79 and his son Herluin who died in 945 (see below), and that the Chronique de Saint-Riquier is inaccurate in its chronology relating to the supposedly earlier father and son of these names.  Comte de Montreuil.  Arnoul Count of Flanders captured Montreuil in 939: Flodoard records in 939 that “comes Arnulfus” captured “castellum Erluini...Monasteriolum” and that he sent “uxorem ipsius Erluini...cum filiis” across the sea “ad Alstanum regem[1280].  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Arnulfus Flandrensis comes” captured "castrum...Monasteriolum" from “comiti...Herluino”, who sought help from “Normanniæ dominum” who recaptured the castle for Herluin[1281].  Comte d'Amiens 944/45.  He was killed fighting the Normans.  The Liber Modernorum Regum Francorum records the death of "Herluinus Monasterioli castro comes" fighting "Aygroldo regi Danorum"[1282].  Guillaume de Jumièges records that “Herluini” was killed on the orders of “Haigroldo regi Danorum[1283]m firstly (divorced before 927) ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly (before 927) --- (-after 939).  Flodoard records in 939 that “comes Arnulfus” captured “castellum Erluini...Monasteriolum” and that he sent “uxorem ipsius Erluini...cum filiis” across the sea “ad Alstanum regem[1284].  Comte Herluin & his second wife had [two or more] children:

i)          children (-after 939).  Flodoard records in 939 that “comes Arnulfus” captured “castellum Erluini...Monasteriolum” and that he sent “uxorem ipsius Erluini...cum filiis” across the sea “ad Alstanum regem[1285].  There is no indication about the number of children nor whether Roger, named below, was one of them. 

ii)         ROGER .  Flodoard names "Rotgarii filii Erluini" when recording that Arnoul Count of Flanders besieged the castle of Montreuil in 943[1286]Comte de Montreuil 948/57.  m ---.  The name of Roger's wife is not known.  Roger & his wife had one child:

(a)       HUGUES (-961, bur Saint-Rémy).  Flodoard names "Huggo filius Totgarii quondam comitis, adolescens" when recording his death in 961 and burial place[1287]

b)         ERARD .  Flodoard names "Ebrardum fratrem Erluini" when recording that his castle of Ham was captured in 932 by "Heribertus comes"[1288].  Seigneur du château de Ham (Picardie). 

c)         LAMBERT (-killed in battle after 945).  Guillaume de Jumièges records that “Lambertus frater eius” was killed trying to avenge the death of “Herluini[1289]

 

 

1.         HUGUES, son of --- (-4 Jul [1000]).  Kerrebrouck[1290] says there is no proof that Hugues was the son of Hilduin Comte de Montreuil (see above), and that he could have been a member of the family of Enguerrand, one of whom was abbé de Saint-Riquier at the beginning of the 11th century.  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that Hugues "Capet" King of France granted the château d'Abbeville "à un chevalier nommé Hugues" and also confiscated "Forest-Moutier" from the abbey of Saint-Riquier and granted it to him, recording in a later passage that Hugues bore the title "avoué" not comte[1291].  These territories became the foundation of the county of Ponthieu.  m (before 987) GISELE de France, daughter of HUGUES Duc des Francs [later HUGUES "Capet" King of France] & his wife Adelais [d'Aquitaine] ([[969][1292]-).  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that Hugues "Capet" King of France granted the château d'Abbeville "à un chevalier nommé Hugues" who had married the king's daughter "Gisèle"[1293].  Hugues & his wife had two children:

a)         ENGUERRAND (-1045, bur Saint-Riquier).  The Chronique de Saint Riquier names "Angelran" as son of Hugues, commenting that he contented himself with the title avoué until his marriage when he adopted the title comte[1294].  Avoué de Saint-Riquier.  He defeated Gilbert Comte de Brionne who had invaded Le Vimeu[1295].  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records the death in 1045 of "seigneur Angelran" and his burial at Saint-Riquier[1296].  [m firstly ---.  If the date attributed to Enguerrand's marriage to Aleida is correct as shown below, it is chronologically implausible for her to have been the mother of Enguerrand's sons.  This is because Enguerrand's grandson, Enguerrand, must have married in [1045/50] (see below).  This earlier marriage is therefore almost inevitably correct, although no direct reference which confirms this has yet been found in primary sources.]  m [secondly] ([after 1033]) as her second husband, ALEIDA, widow of BAUDOUIN Comte de Boulogne, daughter of [ARNULF Count of Holland & his wife Liutgard de Luxembourg].  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Angelran" killed "le comte de Boulogne" in battle and married his widow "Adelvie…qui était de l'origine la plus illustre", after which he adopted the title comte[1297].  She is named as the possible daughter of Arnulf, and her two marriages shown, in Europäische Stammtafeln[1298] but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  Enguerrand & his [first] wife had three children: 

i)          HUGUES (-killed 20 Nov 1052, bur Saint-Riquier).  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "son fils Hugues" succeeded after the death of "Angelran"[1299]

-         see below

ii)         GUY (-1074).  The Chronicon Hariulfi records that “Guidonem...comitis germanum Hugonis, comitis Widonis patruum” succeeded “Fulconis” as bishop of Amiens[1300].  Archdeacon of Notre-Dame.  Bishop of Amiens 1058.  He was the probable author of the poem Carmen, written in [1067], which commemorates the campaign of Guillaume II Duke of Normandy to conquer England[1301]

iii)        FOULQUES (-after 1059).  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Foulques…fils d'Angelran" usurped the abbacy of Saint-Riquier[1302].  Abbé de Saint-Riquier 1042.  Abbé de Forestmoutier 1045. 

b)         GUY .  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Gui…frère de Seigneur Angelran" was named abbé of Saint-Riquier[1303]

 

 

HUGUES [de Ponthieu], son of ENGUERRAND Comte [de Ponthieu] & his first wife --- (-killed 20 Nov 1052, bur Saint-Riquier).  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "son fils Hugues" succeeded after the death of "Angelran"[1304].  He fought at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 according to the poem Carmen, attributed to his uncle Guy Bishop of Amiens, although the date is inconsistent with his date of death shown here.  Comte de Montreuil. 

m BERTHE d'Aumâle, daughter of GUERINFRID Seigneur d'Aumâle & his wife ---.  The foundation charter of Saint-Martin d’Auchy narrates the church’s foundation by “Guerinfrido qui condidit castellum…Albamarla” and names “Engueranni consulis qui filius fuit Berte supradicti Guerinfridi filie et Adelidis comitisse uxoris sue sororis…Willelmi Regis Anglorum[1305]

Comte Hugues & his wife had five children: 

1.         ENGUERRAND (-killed in battle Château d'Arques 25 Oct [1053]).  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Hugues" had four sons of whom the eldest "Angelran" confirmed a donation of his father to Saint-Riquier on his deathbed by charter dated "XII Kal Dec"[1306].  The foundation charter of Saint-Martin d’Auchy names “Engueranni consulis qui filius fuit Berte supradicti Guerinfridi filie et Adelidis comitisse uxoris sue sororis…Willelmi Regis Anglorum[1307]Comte de Montreuil.  Orderic Vitalis records that “tempore Rodberti ducis Gislebertus comes Brionniæ” invaded “in pagum Vimmacensem” [Vimeu] but was repulsed by “Ingelrannus Pontivi comes[1308].  Le Prévost dates this event to “antérieure à 1034, époque présumée de la fondation du Bec[1309].  Seigneur d'Aumâle.  Comte d’Abbeville: Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Willelmum Archacensem” rebelled against Guillaume II Duke of Normandy, helped by Henri I King of France, and that “Ingelrannus Abbatisvillæ comes...ac Hugo cognomento Bardulfus” were killed by the duke’s forces during the attack on his castle of Arques[1310]m as her first husband, ADELAIS de Normandie, illegitimate daughter of ROBERT II Duke of Normandy & his mistress --- (-[1081/86]).  Robert de Torigny names "Aeliz" as the daughter of Duke Robert II "de alia concubina" from Herleve[1311].  The foundation charter of Saint-Martin d’Auchy names “Engueranni consulis qui filius fuit Berte supradicti Guerinfridi filie et Adelidis comitisse uxoris sue sororis…Willelmi Regis Anglorum[1312].  She retained the title Comtesse d'Aumâle after her first marriage.  She married secondly ([1053/54]) Lambert de Boulogne Comte de Lens, and thirdly ([1060]) Eudes III Comte de Troyes [Blois-Champagne], who succeeded as Comte d'Aumâle in [1070].  Her second marriage is deduced from the same charter of Saint-Martin d’Auchy which also names “Judita comitissa domine supradicte filia[1313].  Orderic Vitalis records that King William I granted "comitatum Hildernessæ" to "Odoni...Campaniensi nepoti Theobaldi comitis" who had married "sororem...regis filiam...Rodberti ducis"[1314].  Comte Enguerrand & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUY [I] de Montreuil (-13 Nov [1100], bur Abbéville, Saint-Pierre).  A charter dated 1100 included in the cartulary of Saint-Josse records a grant of fishing rights by "Guido comes Monsteroli et Pontivensium" which names "Hugo noster avus" and "patre meo Ingerrano"[1315].  This is inconsistent with the Chronique de Saint Riquier which records that "comte Gui fils du comte Hugues" succeeded after "Angelran son frère" was killed by the Normans and possessed the county of Ponthieu and the avouerie of Saint-Riquier[1316].  It is assumed that the charter provides the more reliable record of Guy's parentage.  Comte de MontreuilComte de Ponthieu

-        COMTES de PONTHIEU

b)         ADELAIDE de Montreuil .  The foundation charter of Saint-Martin d’Auchy narrates the church’s foundation by “Guerinfrido qui condidit castellum…Albamarla” and names “Engueranni consulis qui filius fuit Berte supradicti Guerinfridi filie et Adelidis comitisse uxoris sue sororis…Willelmi Regis Anglorum” and “Addelidis comitissa supradicti Engueranni et supradicte Adelidis filia…Judita comitissa domine supradicte filia[1317].  1098. 

c)         HELISSENDE de Montreuil .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  1096.  "Comes Hugo de Sancto Paulo" donated property to the abbey of Molesme with the consent of "uxoris sue Helisendis filiorumque suorum Ingelranni et Hugonis" by charter dated 17 Jun 1095[1318]m (before 1091) HUGUES [II] Comte de Saint-Pol, son of --- (-before [1118/19]). 

2.         ROBERT .  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Hugues" had four sons of whom the eldest was "Angelran" but does not name the three others[1319]same person as…?  ROBERT d’Aumâle (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Robert d’Aumale” holding numerous properties in Devonshire[1320]

3.         son .  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Hugues" had four sons of whom the eldest was "Angelran" but does not name the three others[1321]

4.         son .  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Hugues" had four sons of whom the eldest was "Angelran" but does not name the three others[1322]same person as…?  GALERAN (-killed in battle Mortemer 1054). 

5.         daughter .  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Willelmum Archacensem” went into exile “cum uxore sua sorore...Widonis comitis Pontivi” after his rebellion was crushed by Duke Guillaume II and found refuge with “Eustachium Boloniæ comitem” with whom he remained in exile until he died[1323]m GUILLAUME de Normandie Comte d'Arques, son of RICHARD II "le Bon/l'Irascible" Duke of Normandy & his second wife Papia [Poppa] [d'Envermeu] (-1054). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    COMTES d'OSTREVANT

 

 

The county of Ostrevant originally formed part of the pagus Atrebatensis.  It was bound to the north by the river Scarpe, and to the east and south by the rivers Escaut and Sensée[1324].  It lay east of Douai and west of Valenciennes, within the territory of the west Frankish kingdom.  It is not known who governed the county after the death of Raoul [II] in 944 until the late 11th century when it was held by the seigneurs de Ribemont, who were also châtelains de Valenciennes (see HAINAUT). 

 

 

Two siblings, parents not known: 

1.         HUCBALD, son of --- (-after 890).  Comte [d'Ostrevant].  m as her first husband, HEILWIG [of Friulia], daughter of EBERHARD Duke of the March of Friulia [Unruochingi] & his wife Gisela [Carolingian].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  This marriage is confirmed by Flodoard’s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ which names “Hucboldus...sororis...Rodulfi maritus[1325].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Hucbaldus de Hainacq" as "huius [=abbas Rodulfus] sororius"[1326].  The information appears to be corroborated by a later passage in the same source which records that "comes Rodulfus" (referring to Heilwig's grandson) was "nepos…ex sorore" of Louis IV King of France[1327].  It appears chronologically unlikely for any of King Louis's sisters, whose dates of birth can be estimated to [908/17], to have been the mother of Raoul [II] who was killed in battle in 944, presumably when he was already adult.  It appears more likely that the family relationship was one generation further back, and that a member of the Unruochingi family, descended from the sister of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and who originated in the same area in northern France, would provide a good match.  She maybe married secondly (after 890) Roger [I] Comte de Laon.  Her second marriage is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[1328] but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified.  Another table in Europäische Stammtafeln only names the wife of Comte Roger as "Helvide" but does not give her origin[1329].  Comte Hucbald & his wife had one child: 

a)         RAOUL [I] (-926).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Flodoard records that Hugues "le Grand" excluded "terra filiorum Balduini, Rodulfi quoque de Gaugeio atque Hilgaudi" from a treaty made with the Normans in 925[1330], which may refer to this Raoul.  Vanderkindere suggests that "Gaugeium" was Gouy-sous-Bellone, in the area of Ostrevant, not Gouy-en-Arrouaise which is near Cambrai[1331].  Flodoard records the death of "Rodulfus comes, filius Heilwidis" and "non multo post etiam Rotgarius, vitricus eius, comes Laudunensis pagi" in 926[1332]m ---.  The identity of the wife of Raoul [I] is uncertain.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "comes Rodulfus" (referring to Raoul [II]) was "nepos…ex sorore" of Louis IV King of France[1333].  It appears chronologically unlikely for any of King Louis's sisters, whose dates of birth can be estimated to [908/17], to have been the mother of Raoul [II] who was killed in battle in 944, presumably when he was already adult.  It appears more likely that the family relationship was one generation further back, and that a member of the Unruochingi family, descended from the sister of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and who originated in the same area in northern France, would provide a good match.  Nevertheless, the earlier primary source on which Alberic based his information has not yet been identified and it is possible that the source is inaccurate in its report.  However, the poem Raoul de Cambrai states that "Raoul Taillefer" married "Aalais", sister of King Louis IV[1334] which, if correct, would mean that his wife could be identified with Adelais, daughter of Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks & his first wife Frederuna ([908/16]-).  This would mean that Raoul [II] was an infant when his father died (in fact the poem suggests that he was born posthumously).  It would also mean that Raoul [I] and his wife were closely related, as the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines also implies that Raoul's mother was the daughter of Adelais's paternal great aunt Gisela who married Eberhard, ancestor of the Marchesi of Friulia (see above).  The poem Raoul de Cambrai cannot claim to be historically accurate.  Nevertheless, it is not impossible that the detail of Raoul's marriage was not fabricated.  Comte Raoul [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          RAOUL [II] (-killed in battle 944).  Flodoard records that "Rodulfum filium Rodulfi de Gaugliaco" attempted to invade Vermandois in 943, during the course of which he was killed[1335].  Comte de Valois, d'Amiens et du Vexin.  He built the fortress of Crépy before 943.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "Radulfum Cameracensem comitem" invaded Vermandois, adding that he was "nepos…ex sorore" of Louis IV King of France[1336], although the earlier source on which this last piece of information is based has not yet been identified.  The History of Waulsort monastery records that "Cameracensis comes Rodulfus…regalis consanguinitatis" invaded the territory of "quatuor Heriberti filios" with the consent of "rege Francorum…avunculo suo" but was expulsed[1337], but this confuses Raoul [II] with Raoul, son of Baudouin I Count of Flanders.  m as her first husband, LIEGARDIS Ctss de Meulan et de Mantes, daughter of --- (-12 Nov [990/91]).  "Liutgarde veuve du comte Raoul" donated property to Saint-Cyr de Nevers by charter dated Oct 947[1338].  She married (after Oct 947) secondly Galeran Comte de Meulan.  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified. 

ii)         [GAUTHIER [I] (-after 987).  Edouard de Saint-Phalle suggests that Gauthier [I] Comte d'Amiens, de Valois et du Vexin was the second son of Raoul [I][1339].] 

-         COMTES de VALOIS.] 

2.         [BERTHE] .  Flodoard names "domnus Heriveus" as "nepos ex sorore Hucbaldi comitis" when recording his appointment as Archbishop of Reims[1340].  Colwener’s Catalogue des Archevesques de Rheims names Heriveus canonis Remensis filius Ursi comitis Campaniæ et Bertæ sororis Hucbaldi comitis” when recording his ecclesiastical career, but does not specify the primary source on which Hérivé’s stated parentage is based[1341].  m [URSON Comte en Champagne, son of ---.]  

-        SEIGNEURS de CHÂTILLON-sur-MARNE

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    COMTES de PONTHIEU

 

 

A.      COMTES de PONTHIEU

 

 

The area around Ponthieu, which extended approximately from the river Canche in the north to the river Somme in the south, was conquered by Arnoul I Count of Flanders in [940].  It developed into a separate county in the early 11th century, based around territory which was granted by Hugues "Capet" King of France to Hugues, avocat de Saint-Riquier, who had married the king's daughter some time in the 980s.  The counts were vassals of the Capetian kings.  The county was inherited by the Norman family of Bellême/Montgommery in the late 11th century, and by the family of the counts of Dammartin in the early 1220s.  A disputed inheritance resulted in the county passing into English control in 1281. 

 

 

GUY de Montreuil, son of ENGUERRAND Comte de Montreuil & his wife Adelais de Normandie (-13 Nov [1100], bur Abbéville, Saint-Pierre).  A charter dated 1100 included in the cartulary of Saint-Josse records a grant of fishing rights by "Guido comes Monsteroli et Pontivensium" which names "Hugo noster avus" and "patre meo Ingerrano"[1342].  This is inconsistent with the Chronique de Saint Riquier which records that "comte Gui fils du comte Hugues" succeeded after "Angelran son frère" was killed by the Normans and possessed the county of Ponthieu and the avouerie of Saint-Riquier[1343].  It is assumed that the charter provides the more reliable record of Guy's parentage.  Comte de MontreuilComte de Ponthieu.  Orderic Vitalis records that Guy fought with "Ralph Comte de Montdidier", in support of Henri I King of France, in Feb 1054, was captured by Guillaume II Duke of Normandy and kept prisoner for 2 years until he paid homage to the duke[1344].  "Pontivensium comes Wido" donated property to Compiègne Saint-Corneille, confirmed by "Anne comitisse nostre filie", by charter dated to [1067 or after][1345].  A charter dated 1100 records the foundation of the priory of St-Pierre d’Abbeville by "Guy comte de Ponthieu et Adèle sa femme", sealed by "Guy comte, de Agnèz sa fille, de Mahaut sa fille…"[1346].  "Wido…Pontivi regionis comes" issued a charter dated 1101 relating to the church of Montreuil witnessed by "Agnetis mee filie, Hugonis filii Ramelini cum Ade sue conjugis, Widonis filii Hermenfredi, Simonis Rogeronis filii, Godefridi vicecomitis…Wascelini tunc temporis vicecomitis Monsteroli et ville Rue…"[1347]

m firstly ADA, daughter of --- (-5 Mar before 1066).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 

m secondly ADILA [Ada], daughter of ---.  "Wido comes Pontivensis et uxor eius Adila comitissa" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin des Champs for the soul of "filii sui Ingelranni" by charter dated before 1090[1348].  A charter dated 1100 records the foundation of the priory of St-Pierre d’Abbeville by "Guy comte de Ponthieu et Adèle sa femme", sealed by "Guy comte, de Agnèz sa fille, de Mahaut sa fille…"[1349].  "Gulielmus comes Pontivorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "his predecessors…count Guy and Adda his wife…" by charter dated 1127[1350]

Comte Guy & his [first] wife had one child: 

1.         ANNE de Ponthieu (-[after 1067]).  "Pontivensium comes Wido" donated property to Compiègne Saint-Corneille, confirmed by "Anne comitisse nostre filie", by charter dated to [1067 or after][1351].  The title "comitisse" in this charter suggests that Anne must have been married to a count at that date.  [m ---.] 

Comte Guy & his [second] wife had four children: 

2.         ENGUERRAND de Ponthieu (-before [1079/80]).  "Wido comes Pontivensis et uxor eius Adila comitissa" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin des Champs for the soul of "filii sui Ingelranni" by charter dated before 1090[1352]

3.         AGNES de Ponthieu (-after 6 Oct 1100)Orderic Vitalis records that “Rodbertum Belesmensem” married “filiam Guidonis Pontivi comitis Agnetem[1353]"Wido…Pontivi regionis comes" issued a charter dated 1101 relating to the church of Montreuil witnessed by "Agnetis mee filie…"[1354].  This marriage was arranged by William II King of England, according to Orderic Vitalis, who also specifies her father's name[1355].  A charter dated 1100 records the foundation of the priory of St-Pierre d’Abbeville by "Guy comte de Ponthieu et Adèle sa femme", sealed by "Guy comte, de Agnèz sa fille, de Mahaut sa fille…"[1356].  Orderic Vitalis records that she was treated cruelly by her husband and imprisoned in the castle of Bellême, from where she escaped, took refuge with Adela Ctss de Blois, and retired to Ponthieu[1357]m (before 9 Sep 1087) ROBERT de Montgommery, son of ROGER [II] de Montgommery Seigneur d'Alençon, Earl of Shropshire and Shrewsbury & his wife Mabile d'Alençon ([1052/56]-[Wareham Castle] 8 May [1131 or later], bur [Wareham Castle]).  Comte de Bellême 1101.  Seigneur d'Alençon. 

-        see below, Part B.  COMTES de PONTHIEU (BELLEME)

4.         IDA de Ponthieu .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess of Sainte-Austreberte at Montreuil. 

5.         MATHILDE de Ponthieu .  A charter dated 1100 records the foundation of the priory of St-Pierre d’Abbeville by "Guy comte de Ponthieu et Adèle sa femme", sealed by "Guy comte, de Agnèz sa fille, de Mahaut sa fille…"[1358].   

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de PONTHIEU (BELLÊME-MONTGOMMERY)

 

 

ROBERT de Montgommery "de Bellême", son of ROGER [II] de Montgommery Earl of Shrewsbury & his first wife Mabile d'Alençon ([1052/56]-[Wareham Castle] 8 May [after 1129], bur [Wareham Castle]).  Guillaume of Jumièges names “quinque filios et quatuor filias...Robertus et Hugo, Rogerius Pictavinus, Philippus et Arnulfus, Emma, Mathildis, Mabilia et Sibylla” as the children of “Willelmus Talavatius...filiam suam...Mabiliam” and “Rogerium de Monte-Gummeri[1359].  He witnessed a charter for Saint Martin de Sées with his brother Roger, and a charter for Saint Aubin of Angers in [1060/62] without Roger[1360], suggesting that the latter had died by then.  He succeeded his mother in 1079 as Seigneur de Bellême et d'Alençon.  He rebelled against William II King of England in 1088, crossed to England but was besieged at Rochester Castle and in Jun 1088 forced to surrender[1361].  "Rotbertus de Belismo filius Rotgerii comitis et Mabilie" donated the church of Saint-Léonard de Bellême, built by "Willelmus attavus Rotberti", to Marmoutier, with the consent of "fratres ipsius Rotberti, Hugo, Rotgerius, Arnulfus", by charter dated 1092[1362].  Orderic Vitalis records that, after the death of his father in 1094, “Rodbertus...filius eius” obtained “totum feudum eius in Normannia”, adding that he was “crudelis et superbus” and committed “innumeras iniquitates[1363].  He succeeded his younger brother in 1098 as Earl of Shrewsbury after a payment of £3000[1364].  He succeeded his father-in-law in Oct 1100 as Comte de Ponthieu.  He rebelled against Henry I King of England in 1102, was deprived of all his honours and estates in England, and retired to Normandy.  The Annals of Margan record that “Robertus comes de Belesmo” was expelled from England in 1102 “cum fratre suo Arnulfo[1365].  He was arrested in 1112, imprisoned at Cherbourg and all his lands and honours were forfeited.  He was imprisoned at Wareham Castle, Dorset from Jul 1113[1366].  The Annals of Margan record the death “Kal Mai” in 1118 of “Robertus comes de Belesme[1367].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records payments made "in libatione Robti de Belismo" in Dorsetshire, Wiltshire[1368].  This suggests a pension or maintenance in some form, although it is not certain that it relates to Robert de Montgommery Earl of Shrewsbury. 

m (before 9 Sep 1087) AGNES de Ponthieu, daughter of GUY [I] Comte de Ponthieu & his wife Ada --- (-after 6 Oct 1100).  Orderic Vitalis records that “Rodbertum Belesmensem” married “filiam Guidonis Pontivi comitis Agnetem[1369]Orderic Vitalis records that she was treated cruelly by her husband and imprisoned in the castle of Bellême, from where she escaped, took refuge with Adela Ctss de Blois, and retired to Ponthieu[1370].  "Gulielmus comes Pontivorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "… his father Robert de Belesmo and his mother Agnes…" by charter dated 1127[1371]

Comte Robert & his wife had three children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [I] "Talvas" (-30 Jun 1171)Orderic Vitalis names “Guillelmum” as the son of “Rodbertum Belesmensem” and his wife “filiam Guidonis Pontivi comitis Agnetem[1372]Comte de Ponthieu

-        see below.

2.         ANDRE .  "Gulielmus comes Pontivorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte by charter dated 1127, subscribed by "…Andrea fratre comitis"[1373]

3.         MABILE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

 

 

GUILLAUME [I] "Talvas" de Ponthieu, son of ROBERT de Montgommery "de Bellême" Seigneur d'Alençon, Comte de Ponthieu, Earl of Shrewsbury & his wife Agnès de Ponthieu (-30 Jun 1171)Orderic Vitalis names “Guillelmum” as the son of “Rodbertum Belesmensem” and his wife “filiam Guidonis Pontivi comitis Agnetem[1374]He succeeded his father [4 Mar 1106/1110][1375] as Comte de Ponthieu.  "Wilelmus comes Pontivi" confirmed the donation of the church of Saint-Léonard de Bellême to Marmoutier by charter dated to [1112/14][1376].  Henry I King of England restored Comte Guillaume to his father's lands in Normandy in Jun 1119[1377].  He resigned Ponthieu [before 1129] in favour of his son Guy: Guillaume of Jumièges records that ”Willelmum Talavatium” married “Ala...quæ fuerat antea uxor ducis Burgundiæ” [incorrect], and had “duos filios et totidem filias” of whom “filiorum primogenitus Wido” was made “patre vivente...comes Pontivi[1378].  "Gulielmus comes Pontivorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "his predecessors earl Roger and Mabel his wife, count Guy and Adda his wife, his father Robert de Belesmo and his mother Agnes and…Ela his wife and of their sons two of them called Robert and two William and two Enguerrand and Mabel his daughter" by charter dated 1127[1379].  Robert of Torigny records that Henry II King of England granted "castrum Alenceium et Rocam Mabiriæ" to "Willermus Talavacius comes Sagiensis et filius eius Johannes et iterum Johannes nepos eius filius Guidonis primogeniti sui comitis Pontivi" in 1166[1380].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1171 of "Guillermus Talavercius comes Pontivi" and the succession of "Johannes nepos suus…ex Guidone primogenito suo"[1381].  The Obituaire of Saint-Martin de Séez records the death 30 Jun of "Guillelmus Pontivorum comes"[1382]The necrology of the monastery of Ouche records the death "30 Jun" of "Willelmus comes Talevat"[1383]

[m firstly ---.  The name of Guillaume’s supposed first wife is not known.  This first marriage is strongly suggested by the marriage date of Guillaume’s daughter Clémence.  She is named in Jul 1128 with her son "Gaufrido primogenito" (see below).  The addition of the word "primogenito" suggests that there was at least one other younger child at that date.  This would place her marriage in late 1125 at the very latest.  It is extremely unlikely, therefore, that she could have born from Guillaume’s marriage to Hélie de Bourgogne, the death of whose first husband is recorded in late Apr 1112.  The other indication is the unlikelihood that Hélie de Bourgogne could have had eleven children by her second husband, considering her own estimated birth date.] 

m [secondly] ([late 1112/1115]) as her second husband, HELIE de Bourgogne, widow of BERTRAND de Toulouse Count of Tripoli, daughter of EUDES I Duke of Burgundy [Capet] & his wife Sibylle de Bourgogne [Comté] ([1080]-28 Feb 1141).  She is named by Orderic Vitalis, who also records her parentage, her two marriages and the names of her eldest sons by each marriage[1384].  Guillaume of Jumièges records that ”Willelmum Talavatium” married “Ala...quæ fuerat antea uxor ducis Burgundiæ” [incorrect], and had “duos filios et totidem filias[1385].  "Gulielmus comes Pontivorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "…Ela his wife…" by charter dated 1127[1386].  "Guido comes Pontivi" donated property to Cîteaux with the consent of "pater eius Willelmus comes…et mater eius Hela" by charter dated 18 Dec 1139[1387].  "Wido comes Pontivii" confirmed freedoms over his lands, with the consent of "patris mei Willermi et domine Ele matris mee, fratris mei Johannis et uxoris mee Ide et filii mei Johannis" by undated charter[1388]

Comte Guillaume [I] & his [first] wife had [three] children: 

1.         CLEMENCE de Ponthieu (-30 Nov before 1189).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that ”Willelmum Talavatium” married “Ala...quæ fuerat antea uxor ducis Burgundiæ” [incorrect], and had “duos filios et totidem filias” of whom “una” married “Iuhello filio Walterii de Meduana[1389].  As noted above, the chronology suggests that Clémence was born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage of her father.  "Juhello principe Meduane et uxore eius Clementia et filio eorum Gaufrido primogenito" subscribed a charter dated 12 and 26 Jul 1128, under which property was restored to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[1390]m (before [1126]) JUHEL Seigneur de Mayenne, son of GAUTHIER Seigneur de Mayenne & his wife Aline --- (-23 Dec 1161, bur Evroux).

2.         MABILE de Ponthieu .  "Gulielmus comes Pontivorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "Ela his wife and of their sons two of them called Robert and two William and two Enguerrand and Mabel his daughter" by charter dated 1127[1391].  If this translation is accurate, the wording suggests that Mabile was not the daughter of Guillaume’s known wife Hélie. 

3.         PHILIPPA de Ponthieu (-before 1149, bur Abbaye de Saint-Martin de Sées).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  It is suggested that she may have been born from her father’s supposed first marriage only to reduce the number of children attributed to his wife Hélie, whose age suggests that she could not have been the mother of ten children. 

Comte Guillaume [I] & his [second] wife had nine children: 

4.         GUY [II] de Ponthieu (-Ephesus [25 Dec] 1147)His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[1392].  He succeeded before 1129 as Comte de Ponthieu

-        see below

5.         GUILLAUME de Ponthieu (-after 1166).  "Gulielmus comes Pontivorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "Ela his wife and of their sons two of them called Robert and two William and two Enguerrand and Mabel his daughter" by charter dated 1127[1393].  Comte d'Alençon 1166.

6.         ROBERT de Ponthieu .  "Gulielmus comes Pontivorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "Ela his wife and of their sons two of them called Robert and two William and two Enguerrand and Mabel his daughter" by charter dated 1127[1394].  1127. 

7.         ROBERT de Garennes (-1171 or after).  "Gulielmus comes Pontivorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "Ela his wife and of their sons two of them called Robert and two William and two Enguerrand and Mabel his daughter" by charter dated 1127[1395].  Monk before 1147. 

8.         GUILLAUME de Ponthieu .  "Gulielmus comes Pontivorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "Ela his wife and of their sons two of them called Robert and two William and two Enguerrand and Mabel his daughter" by charter dated 1127[1396]

9.         ENGUERRAND de Ponthieu .  "Gulielmus comes Pontivorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "Ela his wife and of their sons two of them called Robert and two William and two Enguerrand and Mabel his daughter" by charter dated 1127[1397]

10.      ENGUERRAND de Ponthieu .  "Gulielmus comes Pontivorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "Ela his wife and of their sons two of them called Robert and two William and two Enguerrand and Mabel his daughter" by charter dated 1127[1398]

11.      JEAN de Ponthieu (-1191).  "Wido comes Pontivii" confirmed freedoms over his lands, with the consent of "patris mei Willermi et domine Ele matris mee, fratris mei Johannis et uxoris mee Ide et filii mei Johannis" by undated charter[1399].  He succeeded in 1141 as Comte d'Alençon.  Robert of Torigny records that Henry II King of England granted "castrum Alenceium et Rocam Mabiriæ" to "Willermus Talavacius comes Sagiensis et filius eius Johannes et iterum Johannes nepos eius filius Guidonis primogeniti sui comitis Pontivi" in 1166[1400].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1171 of "Guillermus Talavercius comes Pontivi" and the succession of "Johannes comes filius eius" in the lands which he held from the English king "in Normannia et in Cenomannensi pago"[1401]

-        COMTES d'ALENÇON

12.      ELA de Ponthieu (-10 Dec 1174).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that ”Willelmum Talavatium” married “Ala...quæ fuerat antea uxor ducis Burgundiæ” [incorrect], and had “duos filios et totidem filias” of whom “altera” married “tertio Willelmi de Warenna comiti...Surreiæ[1402].  Her name suggests that she must have been born from Guillaume’s marriage to Hélie de Bourgogne.   Her second marriage is confirmed by Robert of Torigny who refers to the wife of "comes Patricius" as "filia Guillermi comitis Pontivi, matre comitisse de Warenna"[1403].  Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury wrote to “Alæ comitissæ Warennæ” concerning the retention from the monks of Lewes of tithes from her dower lands, dated to [1162/74][1404]The register of Lewes priory records the death “IV Id Dec” in 1174 of “domina Ala comitissa Surregiæ filia comitis de Belesme et uxor Willielmi tertii...anno xxvi post virum suum” and states that it is not known where she was buried (“ubi sepulta est nescitur”)[1405]m firstly WILLIAM [III] de Warenne Earl of Surrey, son of WILLIAM [II] de Warenne Earl of Surrey & his wife Elisabeth de Vermandois [Capet] ([1119]-killed in battle Laodicea 19 Jan 1148).  m secondly (1152 or before) as his second wife, PATRICK Earl of Salisbury, son of WALTER FitzEdward de Salisbury & his wife Maud de Chaources [Chaworth] (-killed in battle Poitou [7 Apr] 1168, bur Poitiers, Abbaye de Saint-Hilaire).  

 

 

GUY [II] de Ponthieu, son of GUILLAUME [I] "Talvas" Comte de Ponthieu & his wife Hélie de Bourgogne [Capet] (-Ephesus [25 Dec] 1147).  His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[1406].  He succeeded [before 1129] as Comte de Ponthieu.  Guillaume of Jumièges records that ”Willelmum Talavatium” married “Ala...quæ fuerat antea uxor ducis Burgundiæ” [incorrect], and had “duos filios et totidem filias” of whom “filiorum primogenitus Wido” was made “patre vivente...comes Pontivi[1407].  "Guido comes Pontivi" donated property to Cîteaux with the consent of "pater eius Willelmus comes…et mater eius Hela" by charter dated 18 Dec 1139, signed by "Guido comes et uxor sua Ida"[1408].  He left on crusade in 1146. 

m (before 18 Dec 1139) IDA, daughter of --- (-after 1177).  "Wido comes Pontivii" confirmed freedoms over his lands, with the consent of "patris mei Willermi et domine Ele matris mee, fratris mei Johannis et uxoris mee Ide et filii mei Johannis" by undated charter[1409].  "Guido comes Pontivi" donated property to Cîteaux by charter dated 18 Dec 1139, signed by "Guido comes et uxor sua Ida"[1410].  "Jean comte de Ponthieu" founded l’Hôtel-Dieu d’Abbeville by charter dated 1158, witnessed by "Ide comtesse…"[1411].  "Johannes comes Pontivi" confirmed rights of the monks of Val, with the consent of "Guidonis fratris mei et Beatricis comitisse uxoris mee", by charter dated 1177, which also names "mater mea Ida comitissa"[1412]

Comte Guy [II] & his wife had three children: 

1.         JEAN [I] de Ponthieu (-Acre 30 Jun 1191).  "Wido comes Pontivii" confirmed freedoms over his lands, with the consent of "patris mei Willermi et domine Ele matris mee, fratris mei Johannis et uxoris mee Ide et filii mei Johannis" by undated charter[1413].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Ponthieu.  "Jean comte de Ponthieu" founded l’Hôtel-Dieu d’Abbeville by charter dated 1158, witnessed by "Ide comtesse…"[1414].  Robert of Torigny records that Henry II King of England granted "castrum Alenceium et Rocam Mabiriæ" to "Willermus Talavacius comes Sagiensis et filius eius Johannes et iterum Johannes nepos eius filius Guidonis primogeniti sui comitis Pontivi" in 1166[1415].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1171 of "Guillermus Talavercius comes Pontivi" and the succession of "Johannes nepos suus…ex Guidone primogenitor suo"[1416].  "Jean comte de Ponthieu, Guillaume son fils, et Beatrix son épouse" granted revenues to "Baudin et Simon son frère…" by charter dated 1186[1417].  m firstly (after 1158) MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1162.  m secondly (after 1162 [repudiated, before 1170]) [as her first husband,] LAURE de Saint-Valéry, daughter of RENAUD de Saint-Valéry & his [second] wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Domesday Descendants records that Renaud de Saint-Valéry was the father of "Laura wife first of John count of Ponthieu, by whom she was repudiated, and secondly of Alleaume de Fontaines", but does not cite the corresponding primary sources[1418].  [She married secondly Alleaume de Fontaines.]  m thirdly (before 4 Dec 1170) BEATRIX de Saint-Pol, daughter of ANSELME "Candavène" Seigneur de Lucheux et de Tarentefirt [later Comte de Saint-Pol] & his first wife --- (-1202 or after).  "Johannes comes Pontivi" confirmed rights of the monks of Val, with the consent of "Guidonis fratris mei et Beatricis comitisse uxoris mee", by charter dated 1177, which also names "mater mea Ida comitissa"[1419].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Jean comte de Ponthieu, Guillaume son fils, et Beatrix son épouse" granted revenues to "Baudin et Simon son frère…" by charter dated 1186[1420].  Comte Jean [I] & his third wife had [four] children: 

a)         ADELA de Ponthieu (-after 18 Oct 1241).  Letters dated 1178 confirm the marriage of "comes Pontivi filiam suam Edelam" and "Renaldo filio Bernardi de Sancto Walerico", with the right of substitution in case either party died before the marriage[1421].  The death of Renaud before the marriage took place is indicated by the charter dated 1205 under which "Thomas de Sancto Walarico" promised service to "fratrem meum et dominum Willelmum comitem Pontivi"[1422].  Dame de Saint-Aubin.  Her marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her husband “Thomas de sancto Walerico” confirmed the donation by "Bernardus bonæ memoriæ pater meus" made to Godstow nunnery in Oxfordshire with the consent of Henry II King of England, for the souls of “Edelæ uxoris meæ et Bernardi patris meæ et Anoræ matris meæ[1423]Betrothed (contract 1178) to RENAUD de Saint-Valéry, son of BERNARD Seigneur de Saint-Valéry & his wife Anora ---  (-[1189/91]).  m ([1191/92]) THOMAS de Saint-Valéry, son of BERNARD Seigneur de Saint-Valéry & his wife Anora --- (-before 1220).  Seigneur de Saint-Valéry.  The agreement between "dominum comitem Pontivi et Monstreoli" and "dominum Thomam de Sancto Waleriaco" is confirmed by charter dated Sep 1209[1424].  An agreement dated 1209 between "dominum comitem" and "dominum Thomam de Sancto Walerico" refers to the marriage of the latter to "domine Edle sororis sue" and also names "Bernardus pater suus"[1425]

b)         GUILLAUME [II] "Talvas" de Ponthieu (after 1178-6 Oct 1221, bur Abbaye de Valloires, Somme).  "Jean comte de Ponthieu, Guillaume son fils, et Beatrix son épouse" granted revenues to "Baudin et Simon son frère…" by charter dated 1186[1426].  He succeeded his father in 1191 as Comte de Ponthieu

-        see below

c)         MARGUERITE de Ponthieu (-after Aug 1216).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  “Ingelrannus de Pinchonio vicedominus Ambianensis” donated property to the church of Amiens for the anniversaries of "meo et...uxoris mee Margarete" by charter dated Apr 1209[1427].  "Enguerrand Sgr de Picquigny vidame d’Amiens" donated property to the abbey of Gard, with the consent of "Marguerite sa femme, de ses fils et filles Girard, Renaut, Flandrine, Ide, Marguerite et Marie", by charter dated Aug 1216[1428].  m